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Code No: R05011801

Set No. 1

I B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008 METALLURGICAL ANALYSIS (Metallurgy & Material Technology)

Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆

1.

(a)

Write notes on classification of instrumental method, based on the physical properties of the substances.

(b)

What are metallurgical raw materials? Explain the importance of quantitative

 

analysis?

[8+8]

2. Write in detail the qualitative analysis of cations. Give suitable examples and

reactions.

[16]

(a)

3. Explain the determination of carbon in iron steel by strholein apparatus.

(b)

Describe the Sodium bismuthate method to find out the manganese content

in Iron and Steels.

[8+8]

(a)

4. Describe the procedure for ‘W’ determination from the Barium Tungstnate by Galvimetric method.

(b)

Discuss the Ni estimation procedure in cast irons from high Ni & Cr by Gravi-

metric method.

[8+8]

(a)

5. List the different methods for determining iron content, in Iron oxes.

(b)

Discuss the principle involved in the determination of iron content in iron ores

by any one method with relevant equations.

[4+12]

(a)

6. What is the basic principle on which the colorimetric analysis works. Compare the advantages and limitations of colorimetric analysis with other methods of instrumental analysis.

(b)

In case of colorimetric analysis the final analysis involves judgment by human eye. Where does really judgment by human eye involve. Is it going to lead for major errors in final analysis? How the error may be prevented or reduced. Give your suggestions for better results in this technique. [8+8]

(a)

7. Discuss the procedure involved in colorimetric determination of aluminium.

(b)

Discuss the procedure involved in colorimetric determination of ammonia.

 

[8+8]

(a)

8. Name the two methods used for determination of cadmium in solution and briefly explain both of them.

(b)

Discuss the nature of alternating current polarography. [9+7]

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Code No: R05011801

Set No. 2

I B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008 METALLURGICAL ANALYSIS (Metallurgy & Material Technology)

Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆

(a)

1. Explain, how the percentage of Iron can be estimated using standard dichro- mate solution following Molarity concept.

(b)

1 gr of lime stone was taken and prepared 250 ml solution of which 20 ml was titrated with 0.1 N KMnO 4 (after getting CaC 2 O 4 ppt and dissolving in acid) to get the end point after adding 8 ml. Calculate the percentage of lime and

percentage purity of lime stone.

[10+6]

(a)

2. What is a flame test? How is it carried out? How are the following identified by flame test?

i. Cu

ii. Ca

iii. K

iv. Sr

(b)

Give an account of IIIrd group cation analysis.

[10+6]

(a)

3. Explain the procedure in detail for the estimation of Sb in Solders.

(b)

Write a note on Sn estimation for the following cases

i. Solder contains higher amount of Sb & Cu.

ii. Solder contains lower amounts of Sb & Cu.

[6+10]

4. Write a short note on the following:

(a)

Cr estimation in high Cr & high Ni steels.

(b)

Ni determination from Cast Irons by Gravimetric method.

[8+8]

(a)

5. List the different methods for determining iron content, in Iron oxes.

(b)

Discuss the principle involved in the determination of iron content in iron ores

by any one method with relevant equations.

[4+12]

(a)

6. What are the different types of Nessler tubes? Draw a neat sketch of a Nessler tube and give its dimensions.

(b)

With a neat sketch of a test tube rack, how comparison of samples with

standards is done.

[8+8]

(a)

7. Discuss the procedure involved in colorimetric determination of aluminium.

(b)

Discuss the procedure involved in colorimetric determination of ammonia.

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[8+8]

Code No: R05011801

Set No. 2

8.

(a)

Discuss & Explain high frequency conductometric titrations with some exam- ples.

(b)

State Ohm’s law.

(c)

Name the two factors on which conductivity of an electrolytic solution de-

 

pends. and explain.

[6+5+6]

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Code No: R05011801

Set No. 3

I B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008 METALLURGICAL ANALYSIS (Metallurgy & Material Technology)

Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆

(a)

1. Discuss the importance of analysis of materials, in metallurgical industries.

(b)

Explain, what are various qualitative and quantitative analysis methods?

[8+8]

2. Write in detail the qualitative analysis of cations. Give suitable examples and

reactions.

[16]

(a)

3. Explain the procedure in detail for the estimation of Sb in Solders.

(b)

Write a note on Sn estimation for the following cases

i. Solder contains higher amount of Sb & Cu.

ii. Solder contains lower amounts of Sb & Cu.

[6+10]

(a)

4. Explain estimation of Vanadium in alloy steels by Volumetric method.

(b)

How do you estimate Nickel in Ferro Alloys by Gravimetric method. [8+8]

5. Explain with simple sketches the different types of furnaces used in fire assaying.

 

[16]

6. Explain any three of the following:

(a)

Limitations of Instrumental analysis.

(b)

Spectro photometry.

(c)

PULFRICH photometer.

[5+5+6]

(a)

7. Write the Nernst equation and name the parameters.

(b)

Name various chemical reactions involved in potentiometric titrations and briefly explain each one of them.

(c)

Discuss null point potentiometry? [5+6+5]

(a)

8. Name different types of non-flame techniques and briefly explain each one of them.

(b)

Briefly discuss

i. detectors and

ii. interferences used in flame photometer.

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[8+8]

Code No: R05011801

Set No. 4

I B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008 METALLURGICAL ANALYSIS (Metallurgy & Material Technology)

Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆

(a)

1. Explain, how the concept of Molality is useful in the estimation processes?

(b)

Calculate the weight of KMnO 4 , to prepare 250 ml of 0.01 M solutions.

(c)

If the Normality of H 2 SO 4 is 18, calculate its Molarity.

[8+4+4]

(a)

2. Mention the factors that should be taken into consideration in choosing an analytical method.

(b)

Give the advantages and disadvantages of classical methods of analysis.[8+8]

3. Explain the analysis of Silicon in

(a)

Iron.

(b)

Plain carbon and alloy steels.

[8+8]

(a)

4. Explain the principle of Jones reductor methods for the estimation of Mo in Steels.

(b)

How is the graphitic carbon estimated in cast Irons?

[8+8]

(a)

5. What is fire assaying? How is it done?

(b)

What are the advantages of fire assaying over wet analysis methods?

(c)

Explain with an example the basic principles involved in fire assaying.[5+6+5]

(a)

6. What is photoelectric comparator. What is the working principle? Explain the advantages and limitations of this type of instrumental analysis.

(b)

What are the fundamental laws on which quantitative measurement of light aborption is founded? Explain the working principle of these laws. Explain

the advantages and limitations of each of these methods.

[8+8]

(a)

7. What is the fundamental principle of amperometric titration?

(b)

With neat sketches, explain the technique of amperometric titrations with the dropping mercury electrode.

(c)

What is the use of concentrated reagents?

[5+6+5]

(a)

8. With the help of a Wheatstone bridge circuit, explain measurement of con- ductivity.

(b)

Discuss the basis of conductometric titrations.

[10+6]

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