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Dump Tape 02h-01

Time: 02_:01:08 to 0_4:02:3h GMT

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024 01 08 42 SPT ... limb up here is pretty much the

same as ...... right now. 2 SINGLE
LONG exposures for 56 an 18 minute
on filter h and an 18 minute on
filter 5. But hie one I'm having
the most fun with and I kind of think
that the results might be kind of
interesting is truncated MIRROR AUOT
again and I guess that's the
kind of thing we can - do the best
right now with the situation we have
on the disk. What I'm looking for
here are not Just chnages within
active region but c_=nges within
active regions and between active
regions which are time correlated
limed up so that it crosses the
brightening point in active region
33 Which is now right on the limb,
and active region 21 a bright
point there, although that 21 has
J_ become rather difuse, spread out.
And also, essenti=11y all the
plnge which I can see in the XUV
MONITOR is slightly above the line
and I feel is being covered by
the MIRROR AUTO RA_A'_ from
looking it in the XUV MONITOR and
which is the same as the HORIZONTAL
Judging i_ the pointing locati_,
I say we're pretty much covering
that whole plage area with our
truncated MIRROR_ AUTO RA_'A'_.

02h 01 i0 26 SPT From the bright point in 33 to the

one in 21 is 90 arc seconds. I
find that pointing H-ALPHA 1 is
978, oxygen VI was 15,000 at the
start, and then next time I came
back to it it was 7000. The
oxygen VI count over in 21 was h000
when I started and then it got down
to 2000 later. And with my truncated

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AUTO RASTER I've been occasionally
sutdying the mirror between the
two, so that when I stop I can see
what they're doing. And we see that -
the point over in 33 is doing
straightforward at 5000, occasionally
it's - 3, I think ma_e my pointing
is not right on the brightest point.
Maybe a couple arc seconds might do
it one way or the oterh.

024 01 ii 29 SPT That ... has cooled down quiet a bit

from when I was - I first looked at
it. And also the point over in 21
is going between 2 and 4,000. I
really should have thought of this
earlier today when we were doing
all of these - beaucoup of these
things. I always had it tangent
to the llmb - which, I guess if
there was anything _Inning along the
limb ... - to see but I - I doubt
that's the case so I - was thinking
we might have ... c_Angee here is
interesting and I'd be curious about
the results. Another thing I was
th_n_ng of doing was to run in
between the bright part of active
region 33 and the prominence
whioh is Just south of that to see
what changes could be time correlated
there. Really, with the situation
that we have on the disk - there's
not a heck of a lot that you can do.
All these type of things ... to study
a single, particular area, llke
getting line _rofiles or something
like that.

024 01 13 02 SPT But I think we're -,_ing good use of the

s_11 activity which does main.
Think I'd like to rmain in the
MIRROR MODE which is going to -
allow us to move rapidly into a
transient as a short ... If there's
anything different that comes up in
this orbit then _he _y I've ... to
point, I'll- I'll have _sc_ething.
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Saw one other thing the - on the

lamb it looks pretty - it looks
like we have a very small surge
going, l'm wondering if that - that
pumping into the corona all day
long,a nd while watching and it,
it - it gets larger and -_Aller.
It always retains its identify
as a surge but it waxes and wanes.
And I wonder if it is not Just a
sporadic source of material for the
low corona.

024 01 14 07 SPT ... I can see the corona on

outward that we can see in the WLC
which we've seen enhancements in
the streamer structure. Now that 's
_here we could see e_ough to get
some time correlations there ...
we had a much longer time ...
The - the _uilding block 32 and
a study of active region 33 might
•.. a littel bit to that.

024 01 14 33 SIx/ SPT out.

CC ... PLT ...

024 01 33 45 SPT SPT here at 01:33 with an addition

to the ATM report on this last orbit
whim_ began _t 00:39. We finished
up the orbit pretty much as we
began it, as I specified earlier.
A couple things to add, however,
is that we did have a good surge
on the limb. Went out to about
30 arc seconds, to silicon
base - space no% being quiet on the
limb yet. I saw it come and go
and it dec_yed and - essentially
pretty close to being gone at the
end of the orbit in H-AI_. At the
end of the orbit, I also tried to sneak
in a building block 32. We had -
I got it in Just before the dump started,
so I'm not sure if we really have
a _ D
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CDR Hey, Hank it's been some time since

we got a ... on the ... procedures
and ... general messages. And I
think we've probably got a lot of
VTM's up here that could be
thrown away. Will you fire us up
a status in the next day or so?

CC Hey, we'll sure work on it, Jer,

and ...

SPT Sa, we act_,A1ly came out all right - -

CC - get up time is ii:00 and we have

assigned -

SPT - - because apparently 4 minutes

with 03400 and we got 250 and we are
250 or so at 0ESS so we made it
- well above - -

CDR WI_ don't you call us at 11:187 WE'll

go ahead and set our clocks and be
up by ii - -

_4 01 35 24 SPT - - 250 K so we got a good look at

the corona. You know, I think we
have _omething like this on the
limb which is - needs to be quiet
accurate in terms of time
v_riations, and also since we bad
seen some changes off the enhancements
in the streamer structure, it'd be
kind of an interesting thing to
a good study on the actual density
of t_e corona before and after -
we make thelimb observations. So
that we'd do a STASDASO MODE at the
beginning of the orbit, a STANDARD
MODE at the end, and with all the
time variations of the limb features
- We're going through it in a limited
_j of course, the s_e _ we bave
this past orbit.

z_ CC S_lab, Houston ...

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SPT We can in no way calculate the

amot_ut of ejection from what we
see at the limb studies to what
we see in the corona, but there
are any time correlations shorter
than an hour or so, maybe the'll
show up.

024 01 36 43 SPT SPT out.

SPT Good night, _Ank. Enjoy the peace

of the night down there ...

CRE_ ...

CR_W ...

CREW ...

CC This is the kISler spea_4ng. Do I

like what? I sure do like it, baby.
(Music : Chantilly Lace)

CDR Hey, Ed, I think you mike' s open

u_ there on C_nel A and you're
recording ...


024 01 48 02 SPT Okay, Jer, I'm still getting set

up here.

CDR Do you read me? Yeah.

SPT Okay. What' l'm trying to do is to

get one bubble to =m-_s into
another. And that is - that' s
gonna take a little - a little doing
here. Can be done though.

024 01 50 i0 SPT Hold on, Jer, I'ii be with you in a

minute. You probably never tried to
control a _uble by a thread, but - I
can't move it fast. Okay, Jer, let
her rip.
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CDR 0kay, it 's on.

SPT Thank you. Your picking up on TV1O7

again. Now we're gonna look
at the coalescence of two bubbles,
both the same size .... red in
front of you. And we' re gonna
have our impactor come in from your
left hand side, and I'm Just
maneuvering him in now. He'll be
the same size. They're both around
30 cc. Okay, here we come. Well,
no, we got too much of a - too
high of an angle. Okay. We had a
pretty big impact parameter there,
if you will, which is a - the
distance between the llne of centers.
E_sentialy, but we'll try that cae
again. I think we can get your a
- better one than that. Probably
what we're goona do is across the
board here give you a fair range
of d_fferent_impact parameters Just
by the sheer odds of trying to line
them up straight and not being able
to do it completely.

024 01 52 38 SPT Okay, Jet. Thank you.

CDR Okay.



024 02 30 57 CDR This is the CDH at 02:30 Zulu. Subject

is handheld, photography, m_th
observstions and the first observation
was at 21:50 Zulu. I took a picture
with a Nikon 300, frame number 2,
Charlie X-ray _2. And frame
number 2 was the last fram
available on that camera.
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024 02 31 26 CDR It was taken at 5.6, ... len i/i00.

And it was a picture of San Fransicso
Bay and Monterey Bay. And in
Monterey Bay the - I think its'
the Santa Clara River, Itm not sure
Just what the name of it is, but
the river that opens at - opens
into Monterey Bay, there was
quite a bit of effluent coming
out, a lot of sedimentation being
1 laid into Monterey Bay by that
1 river. The next observation was
! at 02:26, and the frame - the
magazine was changed the new
magazine is Charlie X-ray 43.
And frame number 65 was the first
one available. The picture was
takem at 5.6, i/i000 and it was
northern HokEaido and in particular
there are two large crater lakes
up in northern Hokkaido. This is
the first time I've seen that
island clear of clouds in the time
we've been up here. And the next
item is Hasselhlad i00, another
picture of norther Hokkaido to kind
of eomplemant the one in the 300.
That was taken at 0_:26, Charlie
X-ra_ 18 is the magazine, frame
number 70 at i - at f-stop 16,

02_ 02 32 46 CDR CDR out.

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Time: 024:ii:14 to 024:11:17 _MT
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024 ii 14 37 SPT SPT at 11:14. PRD readings,

and I'ii give you the ones
from yesterday as well as
today. We had the BUF_:_
AMP circuit breaker closed -
or open yesterday morning
when I believe I was giving
you the FRD readlngs. They
were probably not put on tape.
So to make sure, I giving
you yesterday's also. Those
were 42875, 23489, 38639.
Today's are _82898 - 890,
23495, 386_7.

024 11 15 17 SPT Out.


S TM .
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Time: 024:12.:12 to 024:14:01 GMT
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024 12 12 57 PLT This is the PLT; terminating charge on

battery 7 at 12:10.

024 12 13 01 PLT PLT out.


024 12 28 h4 SPT SPT at 12:28, ATM ops, orbit which

alledgely began at 11:50. Got the
building block 1A, 1B and then the
VTR work all straightforward and all
done according to the - the plan.
I wouldn't saM schedule, however. We
had a problem with another experiment
which we had to do before we got up
here, which could not be c_rried out
untilmomentumdumpwas over,which
/ set us all back in getting running
this _orning. So I was ruDning ATM,
and going back and forth between
that experiment and was able to get
the 1A and 1B in. But when it came
up to around lO minutes remaining, I
had Just finished it and started to
look at JOP 7 and realized we had
the 82B exposures and had to set up
for it and pointing and roll understand
what was being done. And it was m_
conclusion at that time that there was
no way I was gging to do that and maae
sure it was error free. Wlth the small
number of 82B exposures left abailable -
gave me no choice but to cancel it or
poftpone it. So we'll pick it up on a
subsequent orbit. I' think putting
sumethlng like that in early in the
morning when you don't have time to
get u_ to the panel - even if I was
up at 11:50, Been able to work it
straight from there, I think something
which is Just a little of nominal like
that which we have no_ _one frequently,
if at all, would be best put into
anotherorbit,or to get us up here
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another i0 minutes early and make sure

that's specified on the - on the pad
the night and before and we all know
about it. Get caught cold on something
like this, that's - is the kind of
thing which can promote errors and that's
something we're trying to stay away from.

02h 12 31 08 SPT Okay, in looking at the corona, it

certainly has filled out in thesoutheast -
southwest, excuse me. I'ii never make
an astronomer. The active region on the
limb - and I hesitate now to call it a
33 or a 35 - I still believe it's 33
because it's exceptionally bright and it's
the one that's putting out all the -
the surging and that corresponds to the
high flare probability hut - we got a
_ big discussion going on here whether it's
32 or 35. N@netheless, the one that's
been s_rging all the time on the limb
an_ the one which I called 33 yesterday
perhaps had heen putting up a lot
of material into the corona, because it
certainly has shoWn up on the coronagraph.
I'll give a more detailed description of
it on the air to ground on the next pass.

024 12 32 20 SPT SPT out.

024 12 33 13 SPT Oh, SPT again with an addition to the last

ATM report. We did give a J0P 7 for 55
at the very end ... painting over the
face of the surging material ...'active
region on the limb. We had oxygen Vl
counts up around 11,000 and - which left
... let it go right Qn down through
400 K to 09 remaining.

024 12 33 h0 SPT SPT out.

02_ 12 38 16 sPT SPT with a m_sage _for flight planners.

Okay, I'd llke to mention some of the
problems whieh came up in - early this
morning PSA. The initial problem Was
brought about by the B_@4D measurements
which had to be made postsleep brfore
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- correction, before urination. And

when we got up we had Just started ...
and we could not carry out with the
BMMD reading until that was over. The
net result was that we kind of turned
the world upside down here, and then we
also had some throat cultures to get and
Just that - those two things by th_m_elYes
in the short period allowed for PSA
can really set you behind. I had an
ATM going at 11:50 in which there was so
much scheduled - required understanding
and I really should have been up there
before 11:15 in order to figure it A11
out. What I tried to do was run the ATM
while I was doing plstsleep that series,
PRD readings and the like and a few other
things - everything else required
_- down here postBleep. And also, when we
finally got out of the - when we got out of
the . .. did the B_4D reading .... I
start running ... this morning and when
we finally got down to the - was able
to do it all, except when we finally got
to the ATM and the last ... of it and the
building block which required understanding
I came up to it clod and couple of
minutes late and the net result was I
couldn't do , it because i_ was ... something
I d_d_n't under,tan4. There was a
message is - everybody's got to set
coordintaed here in the ATM world• I
think I had enough time to understand
something that was a little bit different.
... BMMD guys comin@ in with requirements
•.. not getting with the rest of the
world, telling you that it was going
to fowl up our postsleep add we had
the flight planners putting in ...
there in the morning and the PSA,
which is all right by themselves but
with _... things compounding it ...
shambles all morning. And I hope as we _
go towards activation, we're not goiag to
___ slip ubti the old problem we had in
the first 3 or 4 weeks, especially
deactivation. We _ust can't be working
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in that mode and we will not work in that


024 12 hl 08 SPT SPT out.


02h 13 17 19 PLT Okay, this is the PLT. The time is

13:17, starting the-

CC Skylab, this is Houston through

Canary for 8-1/2 minutes.

PLT - - recording for TO20-1.

CDR Okay, as soon as we record the seat-hei|ht

_. adJustment.

PLT Okay, the seat height i_ set on 30.

PLT Stand by. Yeah, let me get my cord here

set up. Okay, I'm going to try something
here. Okay, to release mark.

CDR Okay, I'm co_ing out. Now you position me

in the center Qf the workshop.

PLT Okay. You wsmt on your right side, don't


CDR Right.

PLT Let's see, the DAC is not supposed to

be on?

CDR I'm sorry, on my left side.

PLT Oh, that's - of course, I knew that.

The DAC's not on yet, right?

CDR Right.

PLT Okay, that's right. We go through this


CDR Verify PSS supply valve is open.

• !


D_npTape024-03 '!
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02h 13 18 58 PLT Open, verify.

CDR Verify thruster block ad4uste_

PLT Bot - -

CDR ... m_ two instep straps won't work.

PLT Yeah, standby i.

CDR ... thruster block ... Yeah. It's gonna

be Just about to the same threjhold. It
says - -

PLT Well, that's why I - I was sor_ of hesitant

you know - you Just want to p_l up and - -

CDR That'sgood ... _t

_ !i

PLT Velcro's in the wrong plsce, eah, the i)

Velcro's in the wrong place, yDu see
on the straps for it - fixing _hem, too.

PLT okaY, left and right, we're s_ _ on 8 and,

number of left one is shifte_ slightly.
Let me set that in. Okay, th_ left one
is verified on 8; right one's on 8.

CDR All right, I have l0 minutes f

baseline maneuvers allowed to me. We've
lost 5 of that. So we start ur data
maneuvers in lO minutes from ow.

PLT l0 or 5? Did you say lO minu es for


CDR No, because they makeup 5 min tes lost

up there.

PLT Ok%y.

CDR 13:30 is when start our - our data


_--_ PLT Okay, now, let's go through t _at other

sequence again.

CDR All right, here we go. We're going to


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send -

PLT No, I mean the little routine we go

through with the DAC on, and the
fingers and all that sort of thing - -

CDR I'll do all the fingerwork.

PLT Okay, that's easily seen from the


CDR What that means is that the FMU is not

gonna get it's signal, but I'll give
it to the dome camer_ smd all you have
to do is just ell them what we're
doing and time tag it.

CDR Right.
And of course, your tape recording _
time tagged.

PLT Okay.

CDR And what I've got to remem1_er to do is ,

start the camera and stop the camera. /
And you could remind me about that. /
They essentially want the camera started I
l0 seconds before the m@neuver and /
stop the I0 seconds after. /
PLT Okay. /

CDR And we're going to. do pitch, roll, a_d yaw

attitudes chmuge and hold maneuvers _nd a
one-axis translation, two-axis tran_ation,
a dogleg, and tumble recovery, and _hat's
it. Then we'll evaluate the restraints.
If we have any time left over, we'l_

do some discretionary - -

PLT Okay. i

CDR - - long restraints, nonrigid, we got

to be finished by 15:00. We need 5o
start some d_ta maneuvers at 15 30.
, •v

Dtm_p Tape 024-03

Page 7 of 32

PLT Okay, let's see then. What

do you want to try first?

CDR I think I'll Just to try

some pit - yeah, pitches
and yawing. So right
here is where you start,
I guess.

PLT Okay, and let me read the

pressure gage here before
we start. Just for the
operator people - some of
the hardest part of the work
for the observer is moving -
Just moving from position A
to position B. If he's
reading. Okay, you got
roughly 2000.

CDR Okay.

PLT And let's see. Let me get

you aimed here; steady is
the main thing, I guess.
Okay, that looks pretty
steady there, Jer. Tell
me when you're ready.

CDR Okay. I'm r_ady. I'm

goin_ to start the discretionary
maneuvers ... - -

02_ 13 22 31 P_T Okay I'm starting the DAC


CDR Okay.

PLT Okay, you goir_g to turn

your DAC on?

CDR Oh -

PLT Or you think it's even


CDR No, I don't ...


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PLT Okay, he's starting the

discretionary maneuver,
and he's rolling to the
left. Excuse me, rolling
to the right• And he did -
he has not got his camera
on for the run. He's
rolling to the right.
Made a correction in yaw,
but I didn't see which one
it was, which direction.
The feet moved so fast
there I couldn't see it.
Pretty good maneuver actually.

CDR Pretty good roll.

PLT Yeah, I just comment on that.

CC Skylab, this is Houston ... - -

! PLT i, 2, 3, left roll. He got

some pitchup with _t_. Okay,
he's putting pitchdown in it.
Now he got _ight yaw. Hers
taking out the right yaw, so
he put more in. Okay, he
got pitchup with the left

CDR ...

PLT That's got it. Pitchup and

left yaw. Okay, now that
was a roll. He's trying to
roll left two - two pulses ;
pitchdown.Okay,he got a
lef - left roll with pitchdown.
Okay, I have trouble. Okay,
he's pitching up. He got
right yaw with pitchup.
Okay, that was a rpll maneuver
to the left - No, excuse me,
yav to the left and - Okay,
tha% was a left y_w. Now
thatwas a rightroll. Pitchup,
pitchdown, pltchup - He's

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Page 9 of 32

trying - He's yawing to the

left. Now he's rolling to
the right. Put in a roll and
put to the left. Okay, he's
thrusting head first up. He
put in a little left roll.
Pitchdown - He's got fairly
nice translation going.
Pitchdown - a thrust down.

02h 13 25 20 CDR That's a lateral maneuver I

was trying.

PLT He tried a lateral maneuver,

one foot up. Thrusting down.
Okay, he's trying to yaw
to the right, take out a
little left yaw and he
-- overcorrected, or I guess
he's Just getting around to
that. Okay, he's yawing
farther to the right. Thrist
down. He 's getting some
fairly descent maneuvers In
as far as -

CDR .,. yaw ...

PLT - - pretty - fairly poor -

Let's see, fairly pure that
is, fairly p_Ire maneuvers.

CDR Yaw left coming up.

PLT Yaw left. Okay, he got

pitchdown with the yaw left.
Pitching up. He's got a
slight roll left looks like.
Pitchup again. No, pitchdown.
Can't tell, sometimes.

CDR Yeah, I think one of the problems

here is that the control forces
required for yaw are too heavy.

PLT Okay, think the control forces

required are too heavy_ one
of his problems.
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Page lO of 32

CDR When I'm trying to yaw to

the right -

PLT When he's trying to yaw to

the right -

CDR Getting a little bit of

pitch -

PLT He gets a little bit of


CDR And I'm not getting the left

yaw input in -

PLT Cause he's not gettin_ the

left yaw input in, because
the foor - According to the
high force - foot force.

CDR ...

PLT Okay. Good Comment.

CDR Yeah, that's what It is. If

I really concentrate on
get$ing it i_, Just before
pure yaw.

PLT Okay, says he really has

to concentrate on a yaw, in
order to get a pure yaw -
coupled yaw, you' re talking
about? Good - good coupled

024 13 27 09 PLT So that's a very good point

he's making there. Ok@y, he's
Just trying various yaw
maneuvers. That w@s a pitchup.
Okay. Apparently, it's
easier to pull the foot up
than it is to push it backwards,
curl it under. And so when
he applies a moreor less- -

CDR ... well known.

2tz:_" _':i?_
_ O2'_--_;
Page ii of 32

PLT - - asymmetrical force - When

he - when he applies - What
he suggestively feels is
asymetrical force, it isn't
really as far as the force
that's being applied to the
foot - foot control. That's
the impression I'm coming up
with here. Okay, he's yawing
to the left. He's going
back around _ore or less to
his attitude. You got
2 minutes, Jer.

CDR Right.

PLT Did a little list - forward

now. Okay, now he 's
tracking backwards. He 's
-- in allthat ...he's
actually going back first,
toward the food lockers.

CDR ... backwards and ...

PLT That 's right.

CDR I can't take out.

PLT Yeah.

_DR I don't have translation in

that direction.

PLT Okay, he doesn't have a

translation in this direction.
He's - he's drifting towards -
toward the food lockers.

CDE All I can do now is, I

can turn sideways. I can
do lateral maneuvers to
try and take it out. But
that's very, very wasteful
in fuel.

PLT Okay. He got a net translation

D_np Tape 02)4-03
Page 12 of 32

out of those last out of

those last maneuvers, which
was essen - essentially
going to the center of the
workshop making attitude
maneuvers, right over the
hatch to the aft compart-
ment. And by making a
series of yaw, roll and
pitch maneuvers, he ended _p
with a net translation toward
the food lockers. Okay, he
pitched forward a little bit
and then in order to kill
his translation, he had to
pitchup, to get ... part
of the tranBlatlon. That
is to say he ahd a thrust
_ up,headfirst. He's
killed out that translation
now and taken an awful lot of
thrusting to do it .... pitch
again. He was over the hatch
are_, deep ip the aft compartment.
After all those attitude maneuvers,
he started drifting back first,
towards the food locker and in order
to stop that tranlsation, he
pitched forward toward the dome hl6
and thruste@ up toward the ...
and although that killed off the
translation toward the food lockers,
it also gave him a net up -
upward thrust toward the dome which
he's now killed off now by thrusting
down. The net stnnof it is that
he used an awful io_ of propellant
in order to take emre of that one
small translational ....

02_ 13 29 31 PLT Jet, that's it; that's time.

CDR •••

PLT Dkay, it's ti_e - time for the

data maneuver.

CDR Right on time.

D_mp Tape 02h-03
Page 13 of 32

PLT Okay, now let me get my checklist

and make sure we follow this thing.
I think you probably know this
better than I do. Okay, this is
attitude change and hold. Is that
what the first one is?

CDR Yeah, this is going to be pitch first.

PLT Okay, let me get you all set here.

CDR Get this camera off.

024 13 30 h3 PLT Okay. Here we go in attitude

change and hold. I don't think you
need to read it, but -

CDR Yeah. I'll put a translation correction

._ in. Okay.

PLT Okay, now le - let me know when you

think the sttitude is right. And
I'll try to kill out all the rates.

CDR That's about right. Actually, it

looks like the feet ought to be up
a little more. I feel like I'm a
little bit feet low. I feel like I'm
like this instead of like this.

PLT Okay. How does that feel?

CDR Am I about horizontal to the floor?

024 13 31 23 PLT Sure looks like it tome, Jer.

CDR Okay. There, that looks good.

PLT Okay, this will be the attitude

change maneuver sequence. Turning
the DAC on, Jet.

CDR Right ... - -

02h 13 31 38 PLT MARK. For my DAC.

CDR ... DAC's on.

• ,• ,
k,, 7

D_map Tape 02h-03

Page lh of 32

PLT Okay. His DAC's on. Let me check

the lights. Make sure he's got
film running, No end of film light.
The PSS is still up around 1800.
Pitch up mad then pitch down.

CDR Data mark.

024 13 32 04 PLT MARK. Okay, he's pitching up. A

little correction there. Thrust
up; thrust up. Okay, hers going
to pitch to 90 degrees. Taking out.
Okay, when he did that he started
yawing to the right. Now he's
taking up the -

024 13 32 39 PLT MARK. Okay, he's going to move

slight - yaw to the right. Taking
_ his yaw out. Okay,he's got fairly
decent translational stability right
now. He's gonna yaw back to the
right. Giving a - okay, giving a net
thrust down; he took it out with a
real quick pulse toward the head.
Okay, a little yaw left; a little
thrust up. Okay, a little yaw
left. He's now got to pause a bit
and thrust toward the head. Yaw
left, and ... yaw left. Thrust
down. He's not - his head _s
closer to the floor now than his


02h 23 33 2h PLT MARK. Pitching down_ He's got a

sl_ght roll tQ the right - ys_ to
the right established. Okay, now, he's
getting ready to kill it off. He
had a translational correction in the
middle. Pitching up, pitching up;
and he's yawing left slightly.

CDR That's the old yaw left trick.

PLT Yeah, he's got a ... y@w left; now

he's thrusting up one pulse. He's
trying to take thelyaw left out;

Dump Tape 024-03

Page 15 of 32

he overcorreGtos it slightly. Got

to- puts it back in - yaw left and
yaw right. Small thrust to yaw
corrections. He's got very good
stability positionally. He's up
on a slight yaw right in; he's
Just tweaking it in.


024 13 3h 09 PLT MARK. And we get l0 seconds, right?

CDR 4, 5, 7, ... camera's off.

PLT DAC off. Okay. Now let me

check the PSS. Okay, 1700.
And I did not check end of film
light; I mean I'm sure it's not
out yet. Okay,we need one more of
thome. That was a real good one,
I thought.

CDR I thought it was pretty good too.

Sure _n getting a lot of coupling,

024 13 34 38 PLT Yeah, you sure are, Jer. You got

an awful lot of coupling. Think
I got you too far that way. See.
No, I think that's all right. Think
that's about right, right along in
there. Now, if I can Just stabilize

CDR That 'S good;

PLT Okay, I'm go_na call that' good, Jer.

CDR C_ra's co_ng on.

' 02h 13 35 06 PLT Camera on now.

CDR •.. on.

PLT Okay, let me check for end of film

light. No end of film light. You
Just give me a mark.

CDR ... number 2.

D_np Tape 024-03
Page 16 of 32

PLT Number 2.


024 13 35 17 PLT MARK. Pitching up.

CDR ... I got a .., pitch up.

PLT Yeah, very - very nice pitch

maneuver. Very nice. He's getting
ready to _ke the correction -
translational correction.

CDR .•.

PLT Thrust up ... two of them: one of

them about 1/h of a second, other one
Just about 1/8 of a second.
CDR ...

PLT Okay, two - two small translational


CDR ... pitch ...

PLT Okay, now he's getting ready - pitching

down. And very_ good; very good.


PLT Very slight -

02h 13 35 h7 PLT MARK. Very, very slight yaw right.

He took - he took it out with Just
two very ballooning type pulses.
Okay, now he's in a slight yaw right;
he's taking it out again. Okay, he
took that out with a very smRll thrust.


02h 13 36 01 PLT MARK. He's thrusting down. Now that

was a real good Job.

CDR Trouble is, I've got m_ attitude off.

PLT Yeah, well that - using the - the

velocity at M509, I think it's better
Dt_p Tape 024-03
Page IT of B2

to go ahead and try to ignore

some of that stuff. Otherwise
you really drag it through the -
Okay, he's in a - he's got a
slight roll left out of that pitch
down and dogleg correction - not
dogleg; it'd be thrusting correction
in the middle. Okay, he's stopped
at the x - very pure maneuver.
Okay, he's thrusting up to get re -
reposltioned. Take out translational
rates ... first.

024 13 36 35 PLT And he's pretty well back to

starting point. Oka_, now he 'S
yawing to the left to _orrect yaw;
he's taking it out now. He's ended
up with a net drift toward me,
towardthe head. Now he'syawing
to the right, making s_all attitude
changes, Just ... to get the position
and attitude correct. Gonna yaw -
he ends up with a yaw right here
quite often. '


02h 13 37 04 P_T MARK. Very _ood. Count to I0. 1 ...

7, 8-

CDR ...

PLT 9, 10.

024 13 37 14 PLT MARK. DACs off. Okay,

CDR That wasn't too good a run, really.

PLT Well, it w - yeah, I thought it was

real good till _ -

CDR ... good, but I ended up in place

out here toQ far, and getting back
didn't work out right.

PLT Yeah, it was tha$ - I think at -

at the - at the end it was really
the worst.
" ".

Dump Tape 024-03

Page 18 of 32

CDR Yeah, I had about a 2-1/2 foot dis-

placement there.

PLT let's see now.

CDR Let's try one more, and then we better

move on.

PLT Okay, we'll try one more of those.

024 13 37 49 PLT Okay, that looks good to me. Let's

see how it -

CDR Good. Camera ...

pLT Camera on.

024 13 37 54 PLT MARK.


024 13 37 57 PLT MARK. Okay he's still got 1500 psi.

He's got the camera on; I see no end
of film light. He's pitched up;
looks like a pretty good maneuver's
going there. He's not - he has no
translational rates. Okay, that was
about 3/h o_ a second, pitch - or
thrust up.

CDR ... good - good correction.

PLT Yeah he's - now right over the hatch;

very good.

CDR ... the ... now if I can get this thing

stopped with an ... we'll be in good shape.

PLT He's stopping it.

CDR Beautiful...

PLT Okay.

024 k3 38 27 PLT MARK.

CDB That's what_I wanted to clo.

D_m_p Tape 024-03
Page 19 of 32

PLT He got just a very tad roll to the left.


024 13 38 34 PLT MARK. He pitched down and that looked

good. That looked awfully good. His
head slightly close to the grid floor
than his feet. He's got a good - real
good pitch down maneuver going. No
•.. He's gonna end up in good shape.
That was a thrust up. Okay, he 's
killed out translational rates ; he's
gonna be pitching up here shorly.
Pitching up. Ended up with a slight
r - yaw right_ he'_ taking it out now
with a yaw left. Okay, he - again he
got his yaw Just about killed. Now
he's gonna be rolling.


024 13 39 07 PLT MARK. Okay. 5, 6 -

CDR Camera' s off.

PLT Camera's off• Okay, we'll call that one


CDR, I ended up with a left roll -

PLT Ended up with a left roll.

CDR Roll rate, I should say, and yaw rate

to the right of about - or a yaw
error to the right of 5 degrees with
no rate.

PLT Yeah, a yaw error to the right of

5 degrees with no rate• And he ended
up also with a slight roll left
displacement of about lO degrees, I'd

024 13 39 38 PLT Okay, now. Check th_ pressure: 1500.

_. You know,I bet you usedmost of
that gas that one time you took that
translational rate over there toward

Dump Tape 024-03

Page 20 of 32

the food lockers. 'Cause it - you

had used very little, ... clean that
up later. Okay - -

CDR Okay, this one's the yaw, right -

no, the roll.

PLT Okay.

CDR Okay, you put me on m_ back, pointing

into the SAL. Now this oughto be
more pure.

024 13 40 09 PLT Okay. I'm gonna - this is about

right, right along in here. Now
you tell me when you think that -
you know, more orless have subjectively -

CDR Okay, that feels pretty good.

PLT Okay, right along inthere.

CDR Ready.

024 13 _0 27 PLT Okay. Camera coming on now.

CDR This is number l,

PLT Okay, this'll be run number 1 on

the roll change - attitude change
and hold, roll. Got a nice
attitude to start with.

CDR Roll left first, huh?

PLT Roll right and then roll left,

it says.


02h 13 40 49 PLT MARK. Okay, you go_ a little yaw

left coupling with that.

CDR Boy, I sure did.

PLT He's taking it out, and he's getting -

he's getting a pitch down with a -
with a yaw right correction. Okay, he -

Dump Tape 024-03

Page 21 of 32

he's coming back around to the right

now. Got a little pitch down with it;
now he's gonna be taking it out. He
took about - used about three
corrections. Now he's got to pitch
down, so looks like it's pitch down
with the - whatever he ... stopping roll
and got a roll - yaw right with that
roll stop maneuver. Okay, now he,s
got a- -


024 13 _i 21 PLT MARK. He's got a net translational

velocity toward the dome hatch,
bellybutton out. Okay, he's
pitching down to correct his attitude.
He's got a very nice -

/ 024 iB 41 35 PLT MARK. Very good 90 degree roll

maneuver. He's got a yaw right
establishe_; taking it out. Taking
it out again. He's - and he's
ending - he'_ ending up with a net
translational velocity, very slight;
I'd say about two second. Okay,
he's - now he's taking out the roll.
But he's thrus - he's actually moving
up towards the dome hatch. Okay, he's
taking the yaw correction_ he's gonna
make a yaw correction. He's got
his roll ._. pretty well stabilized.


024 13 h2 09 PLT MARK. I"d say that was a pretty

good msmeuve r. And the only thing
wrong with it is that you ended up
with a slight translational velocity
toward the dome.

CDR Yeah.

PLT Camera's off. Jerry, let me reposition

you here. I"d - I'd certainly call
that a success - doggone it! Came out
of the foot restraints.
• " .L
_ • •_,j

Dump Tape 024-03

Page 22 of 32

CDR What's that?

PLT Oh, I'm - don't want to - ah, these

traingle shoes are real good, but
you just can't - you 6ot to think
all the time when you're using them.

PLT Doggone things. Okay, Jer, I'll

get you in just a second here.

024 13 43 01 PLT All right, we've got 1400. We're doing

quite well, as I thought.

CDR 15 minutes gone so far; not too bad.

PLT Okay, now. _et me see, here. How

does that look?

_--_ CDR That looks good.

PLT NOW if I could Just get you - let go

of you with the - with no rates.

PLT Okay. HOW does that look?

CDR Good.

024 13 43 43 PLT Okay, camera's on. Okay. No end of

film light. You h_ve your camera on?

CDR Ye_.

PLT No end of film light, lh00. Be a roll

to the right - right.


024 13 44 03 PLT MARK. It looks like you got a - -

CDR Left yaw.

PLT - - yaw left with that roll right.

Taking the yaw out.

CDR Well, I got it out ... both of those ...

are ,.. yaw ...

Dt_np Tape 024-03

Page 23 of 32


024 13 44 22 PLT MARK. Got a yaw right _ith that.

Okay. When he was stopping earlier,
he got a yaw right; now he's trying
to take the yaw out. He got a
pitch down, and he's ending up again
with a net translational velocity
toward the dome hatch, chest out.
Okay, stand by. Small attitude
corrections there, in yaw mainly.
He's trying to get back over; he was
yawed right slightly and he's correct -

024 13 44 51 PLT MARK. His will be a roll to the left.

Pitching up slightly he's taking the
pitch out now. Make that yaw left
with the pitch down.


024 13 45 07 PLT MARK. That's the roll left. That

looked real good.

CDR Yeah, that was good.

PLT No - no coupling at all with that

roll left.

CDR You can tell them that I think most

o fhte coupling is an input problem.

024 13 45 20 PLT He thinks that most of the coupling

is due to the input problem. That is
to say the problem what we were
discussing inability to put in perfect
mechanically input force m_tched in -
taking out the roll. Making small
pitch correction.

024 13 45 45 PLT MARK, And yaw correction. Stand by

camera's off in 5 seconds. Camera's
off now. Let me come over here and
get my fe_t firlnly entrenched before
I gravyou thistime. Okay.
Dump Tape 024-03
Page 24 of 32

CDR Roger. Now we got a yaw ...

PLT Facing minus Z again right? Okay,let

me turn the page and get there. Okay,
• .. is facing the minus Z Sal.

CDR You ...?

PLT Yaw right, it says and then left.

You're facing the minus Z hAL so
yOU Ir e -

CDR Okay.

PLT Ah, come on here.

PLT Okay, Jer, it looks fairly good.

What do you think?

PLT Camera's on. Okay. Okay I've got him

but it's very very slight roll left
ab out.

024 13 47 08 PLT MARK. Yaw right and a roll to the right,

he's taken the roll out. Three
input. He's stopped his yaw; he's
got a thrust up; now he's taking
it Qut_ he's stabilizing his
attitude with pitch, roll and yaw
... yes, I Just couldn't follow
all those maDeuvers, but -

02h 13 _7 35 SC MARK. He's in a very slight drift

towards ... 2 and now he's yawing
to the left and he's in a fairly
good shape, translation, a_d now
he's taking out the yaw, got a
pitch up with it, got a fairly
good healthy rate here; suing
lots of gas. That translational
rate now seems to Be fairly decent.
He's coming actually back towards
the center of the dome hatch. Roll
right, yaw left.

024 13 48 iI CDR MABK.

• L.•

Page 25 of 32

024 13 48 12 PLT MARK. i0 seconds.

024 13 48 18 PLT MARK. Camera's off.

CDR ...

PLT Yeah, it is. I tell you once you get

anything, a_d drift at all established
to that, it really goes to hill in a
handbooklet in a hurry.

PLT Okay, now let me see here .... good.

It 's s_fully yard -

CDR Yaw to the right ; I can never remember

whioh way ..,

PLT I thought you got roll right, too, I

_ don't know - say, it's awfully hard -
It's Just not _ natural th_ng to do,
seems like. _ause I guess - it's
because you'ge Just not - you're
not used to it. Man, it's hard
to stabilize_ that loQ_ good. Camera's
on. Okay, he's got a good attitude.
Good attitude to start with. No end
of film light.

024 13 49 28 CDR MARK.

024 13 49 30 PLT MARK. Yawing right and rolling rig_ht. So

you do get a right roll. Taking the
yaw out. Very nice, very goodl Okay,
that was a very good maneuver. Okay,

024 13 49 46 CDR MARK.

024 13 49 47 PLT MARK. He'll be rolling - _awing back

to the left n_w.

024 13 49 53 SC MARK.

024 13 49 54 SC MARK. Yawing left. "i can't see ...

Get anycoupling?

CDR ...
Dump Tape 024-03
Page 26 of 32

PLT Left roll with left yaw, yes, he

did. He's taking it out.
Thrusting down and Just killing
the rate.

CDR Input problem.

PLT Input says he made an erroneous

input. I'd still call that one
a good maneuver.

02h 13 50 17 CDR MARK.

024 13 50 18 PLT MARK. i0 seconds. Okay, camera's

off. All right you want do -

CDR ...

f P_T Yeah, ... twQ feet towards the film

vault at the end.

PLT However, I think that part was due

to all the thrusting htere. It
seems like yon know that when you
yaw that fast_ it really - really
catches up with you there towards
the end of maneuvers.

CDR It sure does .... let's do one more

and I'll try it slower -

PLT Yeah, okay we'll do one more and

try to do it slower. Yo_ know
actually tha_ was a very good maneuver,
but I think it would have been
even smoother if he hadn't put -
gone - quite such a hgih yaw rate.

024 13 51 lh PLT Okay, camera's coming on. Camera on

now. Okay, this'll be yaw right
again. Yaw right about 1/2 a second,
then he had ta roll right again, then
he took out the roll with two pulses.
Another pulse; very short drift.
/-_ There's foUr pitch down. Okay,
he's pulling a yaw - he's getting a
pitch down with - the - also getting
a rool left, with the yaw left to
kill the right yaw- right yaw.
Dump Tape 02h-03
Page 27 of 32

024 13 51 h8 CDR MARK.

024 13 51 h9 PLT MARK. Okay very decent, very decent.

Okay, you ... half than - less
than B/h of _ second there for
initial yaw input.

02_ 13 51 54 CDR MARK.

02_ 13 51 55 PLT MARK. Okay, then again about 1/2 second

there or less. Oh, _bout a 1/2 a second
I guess; he got a left roll with a
left yaw inRut. He's making very short
right roll pulses. Ne's getting
ready to stop the roll. Yaw right,
right yaw, right yaw, and a right
roll with it, left roll input, down
thrusting, dow; he's ended up with
the same lateral displacement that
_ he h_d before. Towardsthe film
vault about two feet,

02h 13 52 2B CDR MARK.

024 13 52 2h PLT MARK. I0 seconds and camera's off.

PLT Okay, Jet, camera's off and I'll get


CDR ..

PLT I don't think we better use any more

time on that maneuver though.

CBR ...

PLT You know, I Just - you're Just

foreing more or less foreign to your
nature. Okay, yeah.

CDR ... single axis trsmelation, rlght_

PLT Single axis translation maneuver, two

successful maneuvers, over T027
facing the film v_ult on your left

CDE ...
D_np Tape 024-03
Page 28 of 32

CDR Okay, we're 22 minutes into the mission.

PLT Okay, let me move my seat here.

CDR I can hold here, while you go ahead

and reposition yourself.

024 13 53 3h PLT Okay, I'm going to hold you high, Jer.

CDR Alright.

PLT I think that'll help me, cause I can

get under you a lot easier that
way. Also I'm Just _sing one
length of umbilical today, so I
don't drag it all over you. Now
does this look like I'm aiming you
right? You wmnt to go more feet
- down?

CDR I think you better roll this way.

Good. Now that feels pretty good.

PLT I can just let go of you there. Okay,

get ready to put the cameras on.
Camera's on now. Okay, and you don't
have an end of film light. And
I'll try to get the pressure . ..

024 13 54 18 CDR MARK.

02h 13 54 19 pLT MARK. Fifteen down.

CDR ....pick yow up.

PLT I'll pick you up. Okay he's got _000


CDR It's good rate.

PLT It's good rate, very good rate.

CDR ... very ...

PLT Okay, I'm tryingto get a DAC -

something I - Hassel - Nikon ready
here. Okay, six dow_ tha thrust up.
D_np Tape 024-03
Page 29 of 32

024 13 54 55 CDR MARK.

024 13 54 56 PLT MARK. Okay l'm not going to be able

to -

CDR ...

PLT Okay, I'll come and get you. I was trying

to get a picture there, but it's
not going to work out. Stand by.

CDR ...

PLT Okay.

CDR Can you reach me from over there?


CDR ...

PLT Yes, I think that was real good. I

was trying to get the Nikon ready
there; I wasn't watching real closely,
but I was taking an occasional
peek; it looked like you went
right straight for it.

CDR ... we nver took our Nikon pictures

of he narness; we got to remember
to do that.

PLT That's right.

CDR ... was good.

PLT Okay, the csmera's coming on. I'll

Just watch the maneuver this time,
that Nikon there ... an awful lot
diversion of attention there.

024 13 5624 CDE MARK.

024 13 56 25 PLR MARK. He's thrusting down; he's

getting a slight pitch up; pitching
dow_ now and he's also correcting a
slight yaw left he had there, but I
I)l,UTIp'l'_Lp¢_ 0_)t--()3
Page 30 of 32

think that was due to the initial

placement. Okay, he's going right
straight for it, no problem at all
on this one. Just as steady as a
rock. Pitch down with the thrust
up, correcting it.

02h 13 57 Oh CDR MARK.

024 13 57 05 PLT MARK. i0 seconds.

024 13 57 13 PLT MARK. Okay, I'd sat that - camera's

off - I'd say that that w_s both of
those were successful.

CDR Yeah.

PLT And let me check your -

CDR What plus Z translation ... be in?

What's ...7

PLT Plus Z gives him plus ...

PLT Okay, welre - we have Just under a

thousand PSI. And let's see what's
next on the agenda. I - you know,
I would say not to use anymroe time
in the maneuver.

CDR ...

PLT Two axis translation maneuver.

CDR Right. You point me to the SAL,

I do a pitchup maneuver, then a thrust,
then a sitting down maneuver, and a
grab, and then I'll - we'll stop
the camera as soon as I get there,
as soon as I grab this time ....

02_ 13 58 05 PLT Let's see this is not the one I

tkae the TV on, is it?

CDR I believe it is.

PLT Okay, I better the ... Okay, right.

Dump Tape 024-03
Page 31 of 32

CDR Where does it say?

PLT Yes/q, it does to, it says TV.

Follow two axis and Dogleg. Or
is this -

CDR Get me met up. Set the camera and


PLT I'm going to tak_ the headset off

here for a minute.

CDR ...

PLT Before I do that I'm also going to ...

CDR Yeah, you want to just take those

pictures now?

CDR Alright. Let's just put me out here

in the middle and the light
on me ... I better have the fitting
here. It may not be. F18 and ...

02h 14 O0 15 CDR No, with the Nikon flash now - you set
it at range one - 1/60th and all that
stuff and then you focus the lens
by looking through it. Remember?

PLT Yeah. Must be -

CDR Flash settings are - you got regular

flash settings.

PLT It goes with a fl ... - fl stop.

CDR Yeah.

PLT I think it's right on here.

CDR Right on back of the flash attachment.

CDR It's at f18.

PLT That's what I kep thinking_ I'm right.

There it is, right there in front of you.

CDR ...
Dump Tape 024-03
Page 32 of 32

024 14 O0 53 PLT fli range, i, 1/60th, and I ...

Okay now.

Dump Tape 024-04
Time: 020:14:28 to 024:16:31 GMT
Page 1 of 24

024 i_ 28 59 PLT And starting the maneuver. And I've

been off the ... because I couldn't %_rk
the television camera and give a commen-
tary at the same time. Wanted to move

024 14 29 22 CDR MARK.

SPT Sure looks like ..., Jet.

CDR Sure does.

C_h lh 29 35 PLT Well, I'd say we call a halt. It's 30.

CDR Yeah, we did our time.

CDR I was trying for a nonrigid restraint


{ PLT Yes.h, I was going to do this. Here,

let me get yon back of this - -

CDR - - we'll get docked.

PLT I think that we gave them a pretty good

show, actually. We got quite a lot there,
I thought. Okay, your docks below.

CDR All right. Like to keep it above. [?]

SPT ... that dock's below.

PLT Okay, let me turn around here.

CDR ...

PLT Yes/u; see, I put it to mid, and then

you came out.

CDR Oh, I see.

PLT ... the lock this time.

PLT Okay, now. How're we going to do this?

Takethe - I don'tsee how - it'lltake
us i0 minutes, Jer, to change from rigid
to nonrigid.
Dump Tape 024-0h
Page 2 of 24

SPT We have 40 minutes available.

CC Skylab, this is Houston. 1 minute

to LOS - -

SPT ...

024 14 30 56 PLT Okay. We're in the process now of

pushing - converting to the nonrigid.

024 14 33 27 SPT SPT at 14:33; information for T003.

Our discretionary location was taken
during the running of T020. I ... four
different readings on filter 8. 0WS
forward compartment ... floor. That is,
I was laying right in the opening between
the forward compartment and the experi-
ment compartment. Took the reading,
pointed towards the plus Z SAL. Excuse
me; it was pointedtowardthe ... Okay,
I'll give you the channel readings here
because they ...: 169, 7 and 3(?). And
then I went up to lX on the diffusion
screen where I figured all the dust would
be coming in. And so I did that with ...
That was 136, 7, and 3.

CC Skylab, this is Houston - -

SPT And ... on the 1 plus on the screen

which is the diffusion screen right upon
the dome. And I went to the top of the
air - trash airlock and put it down there.
And that was 194, 28, and 38. Surprised
by the high numbers, especially filters 2
and 3, so I did it again 8 minutes later.
So it came out 197, ll, and 34.

024 lh 35 12 SPT SPT out.

0_4 lh 45 36 PLT Okay, this is the PLT. We're undocking for

the test of the nonrigid restraints. And
the first one will be tumble recovery.

CDR ...

PLT And the backpack was very sloppy. We've

put it on television. We've also changed
,_-_. -qDf¸,

Dump Tape 024-04

Page 3 of 24

out the film. And we have 800 psi,

which ought to be plenty. At least
for one tumble recovery. Now, l'm -
l'm going to hold - -

CDR Tighten the straps almost - -

PLT Yeah, we've tightened the straps almost

to the pain ratio. And the - Just a
minute. Let me get something here.

PLT SO, we put the straps as tight as they

could really be tightened with - with
any practical consideration for the
feelings of the operator. And we're
getting ready to do tumble recoveries.
And vhen you're ready I want to turn
the DAC on.

CDR Yeah, I'm ready,

PLT Okay. DAC 's coming on. Let 's see

where we're going [?]. Okay, I guess
you can turn yours on.

CDR ... wait a minute ....

PLT Stan_ by. I don't see a green light


CDR DSd you turn off any power?


CDR ... Okay, _umble me up.

PLT ... Rand by. Okay. You're going ...

I think that's a good enough tumble
right there for a first. Okay.
We're in a tumble mode. You put the ...
in a left roll - _nd it looks like he's
Just about got it - now you got pitch
down and left roll - is what I gave b_m.
Okay, he's thrashing back toward the
_ centerof the workshop. The - see the
backpack sort of wobbling around.

PLT He's pi_king - he's Just - he's Just


Dump Tape 020-04

Page h of 24

try - it's very difficult to decide

while he's - actually, drift - drift
rate toward --

CDR See that?

PLT Yeah.

CDR ... bending moment now that I didn't

have before.

PLT Yeah, he's got a bending moment now

that he didult have before. He's
drifting toward the dome. Lot of
extra dynamics. He's picking up to
get - put his head down toward the
aft hatch. The - that is the hatch
to the experiment compartment, in
order to kill off the translational
rate toward the dome.

PLT Okay, that thing is really wiggling


0e4 14 48 54 PLT Looks like there's no problem correct-

ing attitude, but you end up with
tranalation you can't out.

PLT Okay, the ... 's coming off.

CDR ... I was Just wondering if ...

PLT Yes//, okay. He's Just going to

carry on, Just going to fly up to
the bspJo.

PLT Pitching down.

PLT Y@ah. Every time he thrusts, the

doggone backpack flops all over the

FLT He'8 over by 554 now. Now his feet

are in front_of 55h; he's going for
the banjo.

CDR ... I feel like I'm bending in the

Dump Tape 024-04
Page 5 of 24

PLT Says he feels like he's bending in

the middle.

PLT He had a - he's Just applying all

kinds of different contraptions.
And I don't know quite how to describe



CDR Okay, I'm going to the banjo.

PLT Okay, he's going to the banjo.

CDR I 'm here.

PLT He's grabbed hold of the banjo bars.

He's thrusting down now. He's going
to go for position n_mber2.

PLT Left roll and he's got a right yaw.

PLT He's got a - he has a right yaw with

a left roll there.

02h 14 50 h6 PLT Pitchi;_g up.

O24 14 50 58 CDR MARK.

PLT MARK. Yeah, he stopped himself at


_4 14 51 13 CDR MARK.

PLT MARE, He's going to fly - looks like

he's flying a - around the dome lockers now.

[MAIsic: I've Got MY MoJo Working]

CC ...

PLT What he's doing, he's bellied down

to the dom@ ring lockers and he's
right over - right under the water
_s_k nGw - the coDdensate tank on
Dump Tape 02h-04
Page 6 of 24

424 and he's going around. It looks

like he's - trying to maintain himself
in the center of the dome locker pass
and using the A_MU to maintain the
translation and using his hands, I
thought for a while there. It looked
like he was using hands for a - a
mldcourse attitude direction,
occasionally pushing off.

G24 14 5B 05 PLT He's sort of bumping his head against

the dome lockers right now, at 4:14.
And he con - continues to pitch up.
The trouble is that there's no way
to keep away from it other than using

CDR Hey, there's 40h.

02_ 14 53 58 CDR MARK.

PLT MARK. And it's 404. He's now positioning

h_m_elf. The feet down to_mrd the
AS_4U docking station.

CDR ...

PLT He's now trying - he's facing 404.

He's going to try to go to ASMU 2.
You got 6 minutes.

[Music: Let The Good Times Rot1]

CDR Okay ....

PLT He's going to try to fly down to ASMU 2.

(_4 14 55 07 CC ... Russian concerned with your

upcoming _ track available.
A_d if you do have a second, we'd
llke to get a status report on
the TO_0 rack.

PLT Okay, Bruce. We're Just finishing

up the - - the nonrigid restraint.
_--_ We did a tumble recovery. Now
we're going to do stationary m-ueuvers.
We have about 4 minutes to go now.
Ihuu_, 'l'aFc" O74-0!_
Page 7 of 24

And we're - start _ttoni_4_ up. And

go ahead; I can listen on the weather.

CC Oh, why don't I wait until you're

throtlgh. I'll catch you later.

PLT Very well.

[Music: Let The Good Times Rool]

PLT Going to hang onto the first of it.

PLT Okay. It looks like he's going to

make it.

PLT Hey, Jer. Jer, if you'd turn around

and face me, I'd like to get one more

_ CDR All right


KMua_c: Love Potion N_nber 9S

PLT Yeah,

CDR ...

PLT Okay, ... 2 minutes.

CDR Okay.

FLT There we go.

CDR (Laughter)

0_4 14 _8 00 PLT Now his foot came out. Okay, how about
turning the DACS off?

CREW Okay.

PLT And _et me get muself under control

here before I try to get you under
control ....

CDR ...

PLT T think that' s a goog omen. Bad 0 -

a good-bad omen or something.
Page 8 of 24

Yeah. Okay, we've got about a minute

and a half to go before we're going
to terminate. And -

CDR ... pull.

PLT Okay. Is there something in the way

up there? Can't - I'm having trouble
pulling on - -

[Music: Surfin' USA]

CDR Yeah....

PLT Ah, yes.

PLT Okay, Jer. All right. We're back in

the docking station now and PLT
terminating recording on TO20.

_4 14 59 h0 PLT PLT out.

024 15 22 32 CDR This is the CDR at 14:22 Zulu,

debriefing the T020 run. First
of all, let me Just quickly run
through the sequence of events,
and how everything went, and then
I'll get into the debriefing guide.
The prep was started on time -
actually, the prep was started
15 minutes late and the reason for
the 15-minute late start was because
of the water loss measurements we
had to take with the _MMD this
0_4 15 23 09 CDR We gst up and had to wait nearly
25 minutes until the gravity gradient
dump had completed before we could
40 the IR_4D measurements for this
water loss thing and that Just kind
of set the whole day back so far -
20 minutes. It looks like we've made
it up now in T020. So we started
the prep and got everything done and
we're ready to go right on time, and
my estimation was thatwe were to start
the des - discretionary maneuvers at
13:50 and that's _ust about when we got
to that.
Dump Tape 024-04
Page 9 of 24

0_4 15 2B 52 CDR Now, in the prep, let me tell you what

we did, You know we - we left the seat
on and rigid and about that on and
rigid, I should say, so I - the
procedures involved in prep were very
much simplified. I - I didn't even
remove the belt from the system. I
Just got on the bike and fastened
the belt on and pushed it down low
on my hips, and then we proceeded to
cinch everything up and I was - I
was dogged with a minlmt_n of fuss and
feathers in no time at all. Then
we went ahead and did all the thruster
prep and everything, and I - at
exactly 13:15 I was ready to do my
discretionary maneuvers and I went out
and Just fluttered around a little bit
_- and I beg your pardon, we were 5 -
5 minutes late getting the discre-

0_4 15 24 40 CDR I had lO minutes to play with .

CDR At any rate, I went out and I

fluttered around and did some pitches
and some rolls and some yaws Just
to see what was happening and
practice up on my - foot inputs.
And I found that raising the toe
input, now that we're up here,
apparently my muscles char - changed
a little bit or something, but it's
tougher. The forces felt like they
were higher to raise the toe than
it was for any others and I think
that's Just because the muscle
structure is not as strong now as
it was during training.

024 15 25 21 CDR And I think that is probably the

basic cause for my control input
problems last time, and mad a lit
of same control input problems this
timeand that is mainlywiththe
left foot, mainly with raising the
toe. You try to raise the toe Just
so far and when you don't hit
Dump Tape 0_4-04
Page I0 of 24

something, you end up - trying to

raise your whole foot. And that's
a reflexive or instinctive movement.
If your toe rotation doesn't do it,
then you - you Just instinctively
seem to raise your foot in order
to get that toe up. Tell you what
it does, it gives you a roll.

024 15 26 02 CDR Okay. We got out and did the - the

discretionary - promptly at IB:B0
w_ started the data maneuvers. And
I don't think I need to give you a
blow by blow on _hat too much because
Bill was doing that, and it sounded
to me like he was giving you every
little nuance that was going on, so
it would be Just redundant for me
to go any further withthat. We
finished attitude changes, pitch, roll
and yaw. And we used - the only
hand signals we used are the ones I
used, mainly for the dc_e camera. So
that means you're mlneuvering unit
camera has got no fingers to signals
on, no hand signals but I think you
ought to be able to figure out from
trying how that worked out.

024 15 26 48 CDR I don't think we did much screwing up

with the film. I think we - we got
all the stuff and we worked together on
the film. Both eameras came on and off
about the same time and we gave the
right amount of - of hold time. So
I thlnkyour film date is probably
pretty good. We did the pitch, roll,
and the yaw and a single action trans-
lation, and then we decided it was time
to get the Nikon photos done, so we
stopped after single action translation
and did the Nikon photos for TR's as
well as the Nikon photos to show the
orientation of the straps in the rigid
system. Tl_en we started the two acts of
4 translation and that required TV coverage,
and what that meant was Bill had to get
Dump Tape 024-04
Page ii of 24

way up into the airlock in order to

get enough distance on me to see what
was going on, which meant that he
could not give you a - a dialogue
while I was doing the two action
translation and a doglike maneuvers.

(_4 15 27 48 CDR And I worked out a system where I

could steady myself and start out.
And I w_sn't as steady as when Bill
would steady me. But I think it was
reasonable enough to start the - the
test with.

CDR We did three two,axis translations and

3 doglegs and each of them was with
me steadying myself, and the tumble
recovery we did not do with the rigid
7 system. We had run out of timeby
then; at 14:30 we went back to the
docking rig and sped up the non-rigid
restraint, and surprisingly that only
took about i0 minutes.

O_4 15 28 30 CDR Well, that shouldn't be too surprising.

We only had to add straps 3 and 4, and it
felt so bad that I had Bill go up and
fire up the VTR and we took television'
so that I could demonstrate to
you how the backpack flops on my
shoulders, even with the darn straps
tightened up to the pain threshhold.

(_4 15 28 51 CDR Then, we - after that TV, we moved

me out into. the middle of the workshop
and ve did a tumble and - and then we
went _ then I tried to do a baseline
maneuver M509. It was kind of a
bastardized baseline maneuver. I
went up to the banjo first, which is
position number l, and then moved down
to position number 2, and then I
rotated and did the movement - the trans-
lation along the - the dome locker,
to position number 3. - -

Q24 15 29 31 CDR And that position 3 - I can't even

remember those dumb numbers.
Dump Tape 024-04
Page 12 of 24

Yeah, that's position number 3.

I went from the banjo down to
position number 4 and then around to
3, and then from 3, I tried to
flutter down to 2 and that was kind
of a catch as catch Can. What I tried
to do was touch and go. I did not try
to do the push and shove maneuvers.
And for the most part, I got around from
psoition 4 to position 3 along the dome
lockers fairly well. I touched in
two places, very gently.

(_4 15 30 l0 CDR It's Just that - you know, that axis

is so long and the radius of curvature
of the d_ne lookers is - is short
enough so that - now this system
dowsn't really adapt itself too well
to doing that maneuver along the dome
lockers, but I was m!most able to do
it. The times I touched were Just
Very, Very gentle touches. If I
had started out maybe another foot
away from the dome lockers, I might
have been able to carry it off - l'm
not sure.

024 15 30 35 CDR Okay, then from position 3, I went

down to position 2, which is SMU
number 2. I didtnot shove myself in
that direction. I tried to maneuver
in t_at direction and it was a difficult
maneuver, but it's all on film and
you c_n see that I had to touch and
go once on the way down there. And
then that was just about it. We rean
out of time and the gas _s getting
low. We stayed - we never did use
up PSS number 2.

0]3 14 21 09 CDR And by the way, for your notes, Bill

_ook PSS number 2 up _ad recharged it
and sQ it'll need a sop off in a day
or so and it'll be ready to use again;
3 and 4 were not used and battery 7
_ was the one that was used. It's back
in the rack studwe have not put in on
charge. We're waiting for your direction
to put it on charge. Shutdown and
Dump Tape 024-0_
Page 13 of 2_

storage went as - as planned. I

don't want you guys to think we
don't trust you or anything, but
we were not going to burn our
bridges behind us and stow a TO20
as if it were never going to be
used again. We stowed it with all
straps still intact and non rigid
system still intact and then we've
got it strapped down so that it's
out of the way and safe. But I'll
be danged if I was going to take
all those straps off if there was
even the remotest possibility we
might have to use them again.

029 15 31 59 CDR So, it's - it's stored on the docking

fixture, securely stored, and it
will stay there until we have put
it away better than that. And let's
go on to the debriefing guide now.
Foot controller characteristics are
yo_rbody and feet properly restrained
by the straps? Nonrigid, no; rigid,
yes. I found that with the nonrigid
system that when I wanted to push
down on the restraint system, it
pushed me up out of the seat and in
the nonrigid system there was an
elastic situation there and I was
bumping up and down off the seat.
In the rigid systemI was pushing
against the shoulder harnesses and
was getting good foot responses but
in the non-rlgid system I had a very
definite feel that I had a bending
motion going, that I had a hinge
point at mywaist and it was causing
all sorts of extraneous motions.

024 15 33 18 CDR Is the controller pedal action or

feeder satisfactory? I guess I
touched on that. The toe up feel -
feels very heavy now, because I
guess because of the difference of
my musculature up here in zero g.

Dump Tape 0_4-04

Page 14 of 24

And it did not feel harmonius as

it did down there on the ground in
training. Do controller forces in
travels appear to be too high, norm-I,
low. I Just touched that right
above. Were the inputs you used
during the minimum input demo as
amall as you could eo_-,,And? Yes,
and I used about the same ones today?
And I tried some moteral c¢-.-,_nds
today, that is Just barely squeaking
them on and that again with TO20
as we figured out over in training
is really a good way to run, if you
got the time to do it and play with

024 15 3_ 08 CDR I did today and it worked out fairly

_ii. I was able to m_e some pretty
.... fine correctionswith it. But again
we got pitch and yaw interplay here
that is partially caused by input
problems, and it Just bugs us all
during the day. 'Do the thruster
pairs appear to be generating equal
thrult as indicated by difference in
noise level responses in cross-coupling?
Well, noise lever I couldn't tell the
difference; response and cross-coupling,
yes, it appears that there was some-
thing there, and I don't know whether
its an input or an equal thrust
problem. Are the c_utroller responses
steady, variable or erratic? I'd
say they're steady I think they are
reasonable steady for what you put
in them. I didn't get any sense, I
didn't sense any feeling that they
were variable or erratic.

02_ 15 35 01 CDR Describe the mature of control inputs.

Well, I did s_me _oderlating as I
said and I did some singles and
multiples on off. I did them all.
I trl_d all kinds and they all
f_ worked. I foUnd for yaw that rather
than _FY to squeaze on yaw or modulate
yaw, that a single bang-bang was better
Dump Tape 024-0_
Page 15 of 24

because I could get - I could at

least get a more repeatable input
that way. Are minimum impulses
satisfactory for comm_nding minimum
rotational rates and holding altitudes?
Yes. And translational rates? Yes,
for that holding position as well.
Are controller responses satisfactory
for commanding attitude changes and
position changes? Yes, I think they
are; I think the toe rise problem
is muscle problem, not a control
response problem.

G24 15 35 58 CDR Are the control responses harmomious?

That'm a good question, whether
they're harmonious or not. I can't
really say. I didn't feel very
harmonious today and including me
intothe loop,I'd say theywere
not harmonious, because I Just wasn't
getting them in equally end I wasn't
getting then all the way I wanted
them. But it was certainly a
very _reat improvement over last time.
But let's fact it. Your control _stem
the idea is good of using your feet
and keeping your hands free, but the
implementation, the execution of it,
is Just nor working. And I wish I
could give you some good, positive
suggestion_ _on how to improve it -
and I'm Just not sure I can. I still
think your concept is good, using
your feet instead of your hands, but
we need - we need a different kind
of scheme and I can't think of
anything better right offhand.

024 15 37 04 CDR Does control cross coupling due to

any of the following factors appear
te be excessive, tolerable, or

CDR Pitch due to translation - tolerable.

f _ We got a littlebit but I considerit
to be tolerable. Roll due to translation -
none. Yaw due to translation - none.
Dump Tape 024-04
Page 16 of 24

Roll due to yaw and yaw due to

toll - yes, we got that. We got
plenty of it. I consider it to be
excessive and -

CDR Do any of the following items appear

to sigDificantly affect COmm_nd re-
sponses or cross coupling? Slosh
or body motion or slosh, there wasn,t
toa much of it.

024 15 37 44 CDR Backpack motion? Yes. In the non-

rigid, backpack motion very definitely
caused effect on the motion of the
vehicle. I could feel it.

CDR Thruster impeachment on body? I

didn't even notice it. I don't think
there is any.

CDR What was the order of task difficulty?

Alright, I owe you some pilor ratings
now. Okay, I'm going to go off the
air for a minute.

024 15 38 50 CDR Okay, pilot rating. Alright, in

the single action maneuvers,
the system was controllable. Per-
for_nance was in the - in the pitch
and in roll, the perform-nce was
adequate, yes. Work level tolerable?
Yes. Was the system at least mar-
ginally satisfactory without improve-
ment? Yes. Was desired performance
achieved without any compensation?
No. Wgs the work load at a satis-
factory level? Yes. So you come out'
with a sumber 3 on pitch and roll.
In the yaw, the system was controllable -
yes. Was performance adequate?
No. Was controllability satisfactory?
No. Was it intolerable? Yes. So
it gives you an 8 in yaw.

0_4 15 39 58 CDR Okay, single action translation.

Controllable? Yes. Performance
adequate? Yes. Tolerable work level?
Dun_.cTape 02h-0&
Page 17 of 24

Yes. System marginally staisfactory?

Yes. Desired performance without
satis - compensation? No. Work
load satisfactory? Yes.

CDR Number 3. Two acts of translation?

System controllable? Same thing.
Same pass right down to ntunber 3.

CDR Dog legs" Same pass but I think we

ought to go out to 4. No - no, I'm
gonna go back. For the dog legs:
system controllable? Yes, performance
adequate? Yes. Level - work level
tolerable? Yes. System at least
marginally satisfactory without
improvement? No. Performance clearly
adequate? Yes. Performance of a
desired level? No.

CDR Five - number 5. I didn't like the

way the dog legs turned out. I
Just - I don't think we got enough
room _or the dog leg maneuver or
something. I - I - I got awful close
but things Just weren't happining
right and it didn't - it wasn't working
as well as in the simulators. And
I can't put my finger on what the
problem was. But I would start out
poii_g at the - the duct over there
and _'d start my pitch down and I
felt like I was much too close to
the food lockers, Just all of a
sudden much too close. And I don't
know what the problem was there.
Maybe I wasn't pitching down fast
enough or something. But at any rate,
I didn't like the d - performance
and it wasn't of a desired level.
80 that's the number 5.

CDR In your Judgement did the initital

maneuvering and terminal criteria
listed on page 25-5 appear to be
pertinent or reasonable? I think
I'd have to temper my remarks
Dump Tape 024-04
Page 18 of 24

last time a little bit and not

he quite so harsh. I think rates
of, oh - let me look at 25-5 and
talk from it. Trajectory of
position, I think ought to be more
like 2 feet. I don't - I couldn't
keep it within a foot, particularly
in the yaw single axis maneuver and
then - yeah, that was the biggest
one. I Just couldn't keep that
withing a foot.

CDR Translational rates: Yeah - yeah,

that was okay. Rotational attitude,
i0 degrees: that's reasonable. Ro-
tational rate of degree per second:
Yeah. I guess that has to be reasonable
too. The biggest thing is trajectory
position. I couldn't keep it within
a foot on that yaw- single axis yaw.

CDR In general, did it take less than

lO seconds to meet the attitude or
criteria? In most cases, yes. In
one or two occasions, it was more
than lO seconds.

CDR Was the time to perform the maneuver

too high or too low due to high or
low rates for attitude control
problems? Well, I thought maybe I
was using too high a rates in the
yaw maneuver - single axis yaw.
But it didn't seem to help to
slow it down because I still ended
up being a couple feet away.

CDR Were the number of control inputs

high9 normal, and low? Intentional
commands were slightly high. In-
advertent con_mds, l'd say, were
about normal.

024 15 43 39 CDR Did the control logic present any

significant problems? There 's where
I should say yeah, the toe up control
_" logic caused problems and I've
already killed t_at horse, so let's
don't fool with that anymore, but I
thine that's probably the - the area
that -where it applies.
7_z_ - 3_7_ .l'L-?_.

CDR Were thrusters not as useful as

power DQ?

CDR Yes, they were. Very useful, par-

ticularly in the area where I was
metering thrust.

CDR What parts or features of your body

or the maneuvering system were used
as visual reference points?

024 15 44 06 CDR For the most part, looking right

down the center of maneuvering unit
were the visual reference points
and that was about it. No other
part of my body or the maneuvering
system did I use as a reference point.

CDR What parts or features of the work

shopwere used as visualreference
points or motions cores? Again I
found the - the dome restraint ring -
the blue ring under the watertanks
is about the best visual cue of
what your motion is.

024 15 44 36 CDR Were lighting and shadows a significant

problem or an aid? No, not either.

CDR Was there any degree of spatial dis-

orientation? None whatsoever.

CDR Were the forces in dynamics resulting

from either planned or unintentional
contact with the workshop as expected?

CDR Yes, they were. I - I only contacted

during the - that final discretionary
was very minor and I expected them
and it WaS no surprise.

CDR Do you think any procedural anomalies

that occurred might have influenced
task performance? Today, no; last
time, yeah, I think there were some.
And I - I outlined thoseto you.
Dump Tape 024-04
Page 20 of 24

024 19 45 i0 CDR How would you rate the relative

importance, significant, useful,
not a factor, bothersome, significant
hindrance, in the following design
features of the FCMU for OWS maneuver-
ing ta_ks? Foot controller con-
figuration and operating characteristics
I'd say they were a significant hind-
rance. Control logic: I don't know
whether I should knock the control
logic or the operating - operating
characteristics, really. I'm going
to c_ll them both significant hindrances.
I - YOu understand where my problem
was and you understand from what I've
been telling you where - where the
hangup is. And I'm Just -within
trying to constrain myself to your
_ subjectshere makes it difficult. So
I'm going to say both A and B are of
significant hindrances. From my
remarks I think it's evident to you
what the situation is.

024 15 46 07 CDR One degree of translation control

is indeed a significant hindrance.
Visual reference: there's no problem
there, so I'd say not a factor.

CDR Control response, thrust levels:

not a factor or useful. I think the
control responses were about right.
Thrust levelsJwere good.

CDR Unstabilized control system excel

command? It was bothersome.

CDR Unbalanced thruster? Significant

hindrance. Hand free operation?
I think it's significant. Equipment
location between the legs? I think
is useful.

G24 15 46 51 CDR RCMU configuration antelope? I'd

say, bothersome. Having all that
stuffup highon yourback putsyou
in a position where there's something
between the back of your head and it's
easy for you to turn and bump into
something as you're turning, I think.
Dump Tape 024-04
Page 21 of 24

CDR Backpack envelope? Well, that's

CMU. Okay, I - I always considered
a backpack as part of the FCMU -
let 's split that up. FCMU configuration,
useful. It's out of the way and
the envelope is good. Backpack
envelope is a little bit too bulky
and big up around the shoulders.

0_4 15:47 31 CDR Pilot proficiency. Do you think the

time you spend on the training simulators
was sufficient? Well, my comments
don't really - don't really change
from the last time. I said last time
that what I needed was a little on-the-
Job training, that the simulators was
sufficient training time, but you
lose it between then and the time
_--_ you use it up here, and you need a
little bit of warmup up here. I
got my warmup last time and I feel
a whole lot better this time about it.
I felt that we were in much better
situation this time and - and you
got a better pilotin_ proficiency and
you got better data.

024 15 28 04 CDR Did the performance improve noticeably

or the workload decrease with each
successive run? Well, with each
successive performance of T020 it did.
As the runs got - as we moved along
with each run I didn't find a work-
load decreasing because the complexity
of the maneuver increased each time,
so the workload was probably increasing
as well.

UDR Do you feel that the training and

experience you received in performing
the planned maneuvers was sufficient
for the discretionary maneuvers per-
formed in the workshop? Yes, I think
they were, and I felt like I could get
_ aroundreasonably well. I think the
big thing with T020, if you could
use your hands, you could handle or
• hand yourself most anywhere.


Dump Tape 024-04

Page 22 of 24

024 15 48 49 CDR Do you think that your experience

with M509 with Skylab EVA operations
assisted or influenced in anyway the
maneuver or manner in which you per-
formed the T020 maneuvers? I'd say
it was minimal influence.

CDR Do you note any influence of long

term zero gravity physiological
effects on your ability to operate
the FC unit and perform the task?
As I remember last time I said "No"
but of course this time my answer
is a definite "Yes" - raising the
toes ia a problem.

02_ 15 49 14 CDR Simulation effects: Comment on the

expected and the unexpected difference
between TO20 operations in the workshop
and the air bearingand 6 degree
of freedom simultors. I would say
no change to my last debriefing.
They're all Just about what I said
before. The air bearing training
I thought - w_s good and - the -
the three deminsional effects were
expected and we got them and it's -
all there. And I - I don't- I don't
need - think that my last debriefing
need any amplification there.

CDR Number 32. Discuss any of the following

factors that may have significantly
affected the operation of this experiment.
Procedural anomalies : None this time.
In fact - well, there was a procedure
anomaly, we didn't do all the hand
signals by the observer. And that was
a real boon, I'll tell you. If - we -
if you can start your data out - and
get your - get your answers on this
one as well_ you know, as on the
first one, then we saved a considerable
amount of time by knocking off that -
hand motion stuff.

0_4 5 50 28 CDR Equipment modifacations: Yeah, there's

the nonrigid restraint sstem is lousy.


Dump Tape 024-04

Page 23 of 24

I knew it would be lousy and - with

all the flop I think we've adequately
demonstrated that - that should be
done away with - that the bending
moments have got to be gotten rid of
even in a - in this foot control
maneuvering unit.

024 15 50 45 CDR The set up in stowage: No problem

there. Camera operations, no change.
Communications, no change. Body
and foot restraints: Well, okay.
Let's lump that with equipment modi-
fications and you've already got an
answer there. Influence of surroundings,
no change. Internal - external dis-
turb_nces, no change. Get a ... noise,
no change. Training adequace skill
carryover: Well,I'vealread F
touched on that. Skill carryover
from last - last time up here was -
was - was significant.

024 15 51 17 CDR Long term zero g physiological, I've

touched on that. Other zero g exl_ri-
ence, no change on that. And that
pretty well concludes, In conclusion
I want to say I feel a whole 10t
better about - the data we've given
you for TO20 now. I think we have
now done you a - a fair Job. i,m -
by fair I mean - you got - you got your
shares - you got - you got a Justifiable
amount of work out of us. And I
think you got data now that - that's
that's fairly truthful data and good
data and again in - in s,,-,,A_yI can -
say I think the concept is good. I'm
afrai_ I can't say much for the
hardware. The implementation the -
we've got to find a better way to
implement the - this sort of thing.
The - the - the problem of putting in
_rong control input into an unmapped
or direct system is Just it raises
the workload so much that I think that
it makes the system unfeasible, and -
that - that's Just about it.
• • P

Dump Tape 0_4-04

Page 24 of 24

024 15 52 28 CDR CDR out.


024 15 28 53 SPT SPT at 16:28.

Sl°T Okay, handheld observations. HH -

handheld observations. How in the
heck do you do that? All right -
observgtions of handheld site 45,
Gulf of St. Lawrence ice. The ice -
pack did not appear very rigid or -
I should say solid. It appeared
to be broken up quite a bit although
it did extend out about half w_y
into the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Tip
of the ... on over to about the
center of the opposite coastline as
you go Southwest. There began to be
more clouds and it's tough to dis-
tinguish ice from clouds in some
eases there. But the ice pack them-
selves appeared to be broken up, oh,
for four to ten miles or so segments
and moving outward and to the east
and southeast.

024 16 30 01 SPT The - that is, water was only visible

on the southwestern and northwestern
side of the ice pack where it would
come in contact with land. I did not
see any ice ... out into the Cabot
Strait. But in general, it just
looked a little more broken up than
I've seen it before. Perhaps the
wind had shifted it out a little bit
further and - maybe the temperature
has got someting to do with it. I
don't know whether it's been raining
down there, but it looks - it looks
as though it might have been a little
bit warmer.

_ 024 16 30 21 SPT SPT out.

f-_ Dump Tape 024-05
Time"• 024:15:56 to 02 2 .18.23
• • GM_
Page 1 of 15

024 16 56 36 SPT SPT, debriefing handheld photos.

SPT Mag CX18. Frame number 71 to 73,

taken at 16:39. F/X 16,
100-millimeter, 1.250 of a second.

024 16 57 21 SPT The subject was Von Karmon vortices

cloud patterns. And these were
exceptionally long, covered a
distance of about 600 to 800 miles.
They extended soutn-southeast as
best I can recollect from the
Verde Islands in the Atlantic.
And there was two of them. One
was most pronounced which we have
the most photography on. There's
three of them and it took -
took three shots in order to
get all in. They were formed in
low stratus cu. 3/10 cloud
cover; elevated 2/10. And the
strata cu lined up to form very
stretch out von Karmon vortices
pattern. I would say they were
probably about half dozen vortices
all together• And again, what
made it so exceptional was the
exceptional long length over
which they spread.

022 16 58 25 SPT SPT out.

024 16 58 52 PLT PLT. Time is 16:55, reporting

on housekeeping, rate gyro package
temperature. X-ray 5, 96 degrees;
X-ray 6, 91 degrees; Yankee 5,
92 degrees; Yankee 6, 92 degrees;
Zulu 5, 96 degrees; Zulu 6,
96 degrees; Reservoir: Water
reservoirs, ATM reservoir; about
2/3 full; in SUS number 2, about
2/3 full, a little bit less
than the ATM, however. Nt_ber 1
looks like it's Just a little
bit less than a half or
thereabouts.It's difficult to
Dump Tape 024-05
Page 2 of 15

tell with the bladder all folded

and erinckled the way it is.

024 16 59 28 PLT PLT out.


024 17 22 19 CDR This is the CDR at 17:22 Zulu.

At time T-2, Delta 6, was reading
35 percent. CDR out.

02h 17 23 17 CDR This is the CDR at 17:23. Monitor

Delta 6 reading is now 50 percent.

024 17 23 23 CDR CDR out.


02h 17 34 54 CDR This is the CDR at 17:34 -

correction 17:35 at T minus 9.
I'll go ahead with the monitor
reading now. Alfa 2 is reading
92, which is high. Alfa 3 is
86; Alfa h is 92, which is high.
Alfa 5 is 96, which is high.
Alfa 6 is 24, which is high.
Bravo 2 is 92, high; Bravo 3 is
83, it's okay; Bravo h is 91,
high; Bravo 5 is 91; Bravo 6 is
49; Bravo 7 is 33; Bravo 8 is i;
Bravo 9 is 57. Charlie 2 is
100 percent,too high. What is
the word? Have I got something
wrong with the configuration?
192, the POWER is ON. We , wonder
if our dewer-eooler is working.
Well, let's keep going here.
Charlie 3 is 88; Charlie h is 98;
Charlie 5 is - 50 percent; Delta 2
is 86; Delta 3 is 85; Delta h is
84; Delta 5 is 9 - 18, and that's
_- okay. Delta6 is reading
50 percent; Delta 7 is 50 percent.
Dump Tape 024-05 ,
Page 3 of 15

024 17 37 18 CDR Okay, the 192 alignment switch

is off. It was never - had not
been fooled with since the
last alignment. And - the cover
is on. S192 MODE to READY.
DOOR OPEN switch going to OPEN.
The light should go - it's out
now and the READY light should
come on in about 55 seconds.
off. The two PRESS-to-TEST
buttons on panel ll7 are normal.
They work okay, and we get a -
get a PRESS-T0-TEST. Pre-operate
configuration. And I'll wait
Just a little while longer here
till I finish.

024 17 38 41 CDR I have a READY on 192 and I'm

going to MODE to CHECK. Okay,
pre-operate configuration. TAPE
RECORDER is ON; the READY's on.
92 is ON, the READY is out. We're
in CHECK. The door is OPEN.
91 is ON' the READY is ON; the
COOLER is ON; the door is OPEN.
And tape - 90. P0WER's coming on.
The READY is out. We're in
STANDBY and the door is open
manually. And there's a light
underneath there. Okay. 93
is OFF and theREADY is out. The
out. 94 is ON; the READY is on.
And the MALF light is out.

024 17 39 29 CDR And I'm ready to see about 192.

I'm going back and check over
those values again. Alfa 2 is
good. Alfa 3 is now good. Alfa 4
is reading 92; it ought to be
reading no more than 86. Alfa 5
is okay. 6 is okay. Now - so
.4 we'veonlygot one - one out of
spect and that's Alfa 4, Bravo
Dump Tape 024-05
Page 4 of 15

2 looks good. Bravo 3 is

good. Bravo 4 - Bravo 4 is high.
9. Percent. Alfa 4 and Bravo
4. 5 is good. 6 is good. 7 is
good. 8's okay. 9's okay ....
Charlie - Charlie 02 is good.
Charlie 3 is good. Charlie 4 is
okay now, Charlie 5 is all right.
Charlie 6 is okay. Charlie 7 is
okay. Delta 2 is okay. Delta 3
is okay. Delta 4, all right. Delta
5, okay. 6 - 7 . All right, Alfa
h and Bravo 4 are both running

024 17 41 37 CDR Alfa 4 is detector 9A; B, C and

Bravo 4 is detector 10A,B,C.
They both ought to be below
86. • They're both above 90.

024 17 43 03 CDR Are we hot Mike now, Bill?

PLT Yes, we are.

CDR Okay.

CDR EREP, START. Correction - yeah,

EREP START's at 47. We're
going to put the SCATTEROMETER and
why 192 was - not ready at T minus
i0 because it wasn't reilly T
minus 10. I weigh it's
probably about 3 minutes early.

CDR On my mark, it'll be 17:h4:00.

Stand by -

024 17 44 00 CDR MARK. SCATTEROMETER's going to


024 17 46 01 cDR One minute to EREP cal. Cor-

rection - to EREP, START.

CDR I don't see any VTS AUTO CALs

on here, Bill.

PLT Maybe they don't need any anymore.

But you'd think they want one
prior and after each run.
T_ 7 _Tv ./ 4f
?age _ of 15

CDR Yeah.

024 ]7 46 40 PLT Okay, we're approaching

the - we'_e c_'ossing the termi-
nator. Ready to start a nadir

CDR Don't mess it up, Bill.

CDR On _V mark _t']l be 17:47:00.

Stand by -



024 17 47 15 PLT Okay, 47:15, starting nadir swath.

Maintaining zero, zero.

CDR ...

PLT Okay, we do this till 51:19, and

we should be right over the main
tip of Ireland.

PLT Okay, "it's supposed to be clear-

ing as we approach the coast and
starting to break up.

024 17 49 O1 CDR One minute until 50:00, and that'll

be an ETC POWER, ON.

CDR On my m_rk it'll be 17:50:00 ETC

POWER, ON. Stand by -

024 17 50 00 CDR MARK.

CDR Next mark at 50:43.

024 17 50 20 CC Skylab, Houston. We're with you

for about 13 minutes.

CDR Roger, Bruce. My monitor readings,

Alfa 4 and Bravo h are both
reading 12 percent. My little card
here indicates they should be read-
ing no more than 86.

CDR Okay, on my ma_k it'll be 50:43.

Stand by -
Dump Tape 024-05
Page 6 of 15

024 17 50 h3 CDR MARK. S190 MODE to AUTO.

PLT Okay, there 's Vancouver.

CDR Next mark is 51:i0. Going to- I

want any ETC MODE to Auto, Ed.

CDR Stand by -

024 17 51 l0 CDR MARK. 192 MODE to READY. Tape

just shifted gears and running
fast. 51:20 _s the next mark.

024 17 51 18 CDR MARK. Termination of nadir swath.


02h 17 51 22 CDR MARK. RADIOMETER to STANDBY at 22.

PLT I'llgo ahead and tryingto find

a clear -

CDR 193 XTC - -

PLT - - area of snow cover.


51:h4 is the next mark.

CDR Stand by -



CDE 52:00 is the next mark.

PLT Okay. 55:16 is when I want to

start this.

CDR Coming up on 52. Stand by -

02_ 17 52 00 CDR MARK. 192 MODE to CHECK. Reduce

tape speed.

C_R Hey, Ed, at 52:26, it'll be at _C

MODE STANDBYand then poweroff.

D_np Tape 024-05

Page 7 of 15

CDR Coming up on 26. Stand by -

024 17 52 26 CDR MARK. 52:26.

CDR Bruce, verify the angle on S193.

It's a roll of minus 30.

CC That's affirmative and we do not

yet see the lh-minute maneuver
t_me for the maneuver back to
SI loaded.

PLT Yeah.

CDR 1 minute to _v next mark. Don't

sweat it, Bill. You got enough

024 17 53 31 CC Okay, and the maneuver time looks

good to us.

CDR Roger.

CDR Okay, we're coming up on 54:00.

Stand by -

024 ]7 54 01 CDR MARK. POLARIZATION TO 4. Stand

by for 06.

024 17 57 07 CDR MARK. Shutter speed went to MEDIUM

on S190 at 07. Okay, 17:56:00 is
the next mark.

PLT **'5:16. *** for Lmiform snow cover.

PLT All right, Jerry and Bill, the new

A2- A4, B4 meter readings are ac-
ceptable with the new cooler door

CDR Okay.

CDR What's the new limit, Bruce?

024 17 55 13 PLT Okay, I'm taking the best uniform

area I can find. DAC on. DATA PUSH

Dump Tape 024-05

Page 8 of 15

CC Jerry?

CDR Yeah.

CC The new limits: Alfa h is 70 to

i00; that's 70 to i00.

CDR Okay.

CC Bravo 4 is ha; the detector is


CDR All right.

PLT Okay, my uniform snow cover is an

agricultural area. There's q grit
pattern but it is out in the boonies.

CDR C_ming up on 17 :56 :00.

PLT Going to minus l0 degrees.

CDR Stand by -


024 17 56 Ol PLT MARK. _mnera off.



PLT 826, right 3.8.

CDR Coming up on 56:12. Stand by -

O24 17 56 12 CDR MARK. RADIOMETER's back ON. 56:30,

Ed, we'll want ETC POWER, ON.

CDR Coming up in i0 seconds.

CDR Coming up on 56:30. Stand by -

024 17 54 30 CDR MARK.

CDR Next mark at 56:42.

Dump Tape 024-05
Page 9 of 15

PLT Okay, here's another - I'll

give you another form - -

CDR Stand by -

024 17 56 42 CDR MARK. 192 MODE to READY. Tape

is shifting gears. Got a motion
light. 93 to POLARIZATION 1.

CDR 56:50.

024 17 56 51 CDR MARK. ETC MODE to AUTO.

CDR 57:09 is next.

CDR C_ning up on 57:09. Stand by -

02h 17 57 09 CDR MARK. RADIOMETER to STANDBY. Next

mark's at 15. Stand by -


_TER is ON.

PLT 7:28 is my quit point.

02_ 17 57 26 PLT DAC, off.

PLT Okay, RIGHT, 3.8.

PLT Okay, at 58:56 -

PLT ... haze and smoke.

PLT Oh, boy. 58:26. I'll go on time.

PLT IMC? Boy, nothing b_¥ milk.

I picked up cirrus Just as we
crossed that river; White river.
Too bad.

CDR This the reservoir you're going for?

PLT Yeah. Contrails is all I see and ...

PLT If I Just had a little better

focusing ability pick it out
under the cirrus.

Dump Tape 024-05

Page I0 of 15

PLT Goes all out of focus when you

zoom in.

024 ]7 59 27 PLT Okay, I've got something here.

Boy, it is really hazy.

PLT I got something - a reservoir

or something. I don't know.
... by cirrus, whatever it is.

CDR Next mark's at 59:50. Stand by -

024 17 59 50 CDR MARK.

PLT DAC, off.

CDR 192 MODE to CHECK. Back down to slow

tape motion.

PLT Okay,38.

CDR Okay, at 18:00 even, ETC to STANDBY.

Stand by -

024 18 00 00 CDR Mark it.

CDR Next mat's at 01:18.

PLT Doggone, cirrus right on the

Coast, tOO.

PLT Stratus, strata eu.

PLT In for blooming.

PLT I'm not seeing it. Can't get

close enough to ...

CDR Okay, my next mark is 01:18.

Stand by -

024 18 Ol 19 CDR MARK. S192 MODE to READY. Going to

high speed. Got tape motion. 01:24.


Dump Tape 024-05
Page ii of 15

024 18 01 27 CDR MARK. RADIOMETER to stand by 26.

Next mark's at 36. Stand by -

024 18 01 36 CDR MARK. RADIOMETER's off. Next mark's

at 45.

CDR Stand by -

024 18 01 45 CDR MARK. ALTIMETER's on.

CDR ALTIMETER is looking good.


PLT No blooming.

CDR Okay the READY light's out. ALTI-

_TER to STANDBY at 25.

024 18 02 29 CDR MARK. At 28, the 192 in MODE,


024 18 02 36 CDR MARK at 34. SHUTTER SPEED to SLOW.

The ALTIMETER's back ON again.
ALTIMETER unlike is off - UN-
LOCK LIGHT is out. Waiting for
03 :00.

PLT • DAC's at 122, but I don't think

I'm even gonna use it.

CDR Stand by - 03:00.

024 18 03 00 CDR MARK, 192 MODE to - correction,

the REFERENCE is 2. 04:00 is next.
Ah-had here's a VTS AUTO, CAL. I
knew we couldn't get by without
CALing and one. Okay and the
READY l_ght's out on ALTIMETER. And
we have an un - UNLOCK LIGHT. ALTI-
N_TER's going to STANDBY at 20.

PLT How long before the AUTO CAL?

_-- CDH At 35 the ALTIMETERLIGHT is back ON.

The ALTIMETER's back ON with a READY
light. AUTO CAL's at 4 even. 04:00.

Dump Tape 024-05

Page 12 of 15

15 seconds.

PLT Well, no joy on the blooming.


by for a VTS AUTO CAL.

02h 18 0_ 00 CDR MARK.

024 18 0_ 01 PLT MARK.

CDR ALTIMETER UNLOCK light's back on,


PLT SI maneuver - -


PLT 13.


024 18 Oh 31 CDR MARK. ALTIMETER light is - ALTI-

METER is back on again at 30.

CDR ALTIMETER UNLOCK light's back on

and the READY light's on. But we're
probably gonna loose it again. My
next mark's at 05:10. Unless the
ALTIMETER READY light'_ goes out,
then it'll be earlier. Coning
up on 5:10. Okay, at 06, the
READY light went out. Turning off
the ALTIMETER at 08. Setting the
RANGE at 69. Next mark is 25.
Stand by.

024 18 05 25 CDR MARK. ALTIMETER ON at 25 with

a new RANGE at 69.


METER READY is out. Going to
STANDBY at 06 even.

CDR Looking for the S191 READY light at

-- 6:40.
Dump Tape 024-05
Page 13 of 15

CDR MARK. No, hold the mark.

024 18 06 41 CDR MARK. 191 READY light's on

40. 07;10 is the next one.
Okay, I got the ALTIMETER back ON


again. 07 :l0, S190 READY light
went out. Putting the MODE to
Next mark's at 07:53. Got a num-
ber 3 - camera 3 malfunction light
as expected. Okay, the ALTIMETER
READY light's out again. Going to
STANDBY at 35. Okay, next mark's at
07: 53. ALTIMETER, ON at 50.

024 18 07 54 CDR MARK. 53. 190, SINGLE.

C0 Skylab this is Houston. 1 - 1/2 min-

utes to LOS. N@xt station contact
at 41 minutes, _hrough Canarvon
at 18:49 with the data/voice tape
recorder dump at AOS.

CDR Roger, Bruce.

CC The VTR is clean. You've got 25 min-

utes available for the science
demo practice. 5 minutes later for
ATM/VTR and the CMGs lifted. Going
over the hill.

CDR Okay, so long. 8:50 is the next

mark. 08:50. ALTIMETER is finally
settled down and acting normal. Just
before time to quit. 08:50. Stand
5- RANGE to 65. 09:02 is the next
mark. Stand by -

024 18 09 03 CDR MARK. ALTIMETER's ON. Waiting

4 for 09:16. Standby -
Dump Tape 024-05
Page lh of 15

024 18 09 ]6 CDR MARK. At 16, MODE, SINGLE on 190.

Looks like camera number 3 is
out of film already. Now we're
gonna do a 190 depleation. I guess
they're all about finished.

CDR Bill, where are we right now?

CDR Okay, we're not gonna brush South


PLT Yes ...

024 18 l0 17 CDR MARK. We gotta SINGLE. Another

190 at 10:16 Ed, when we get over
South America, give me a holler,
if you can see it and I'll
go ahead and depleate this S190 film
there. No sense and Just burning
it up at nothing.

SPT ...

CDE Okay, maybe some of this film can see

through it.

CDR My next mark, it'll be 11:25.

Coming up on 11:25. Stand by -

024 18 ll 25 CDR MARK. 194 to MANUAL. 1 - 11:34,

Stand by -

024 18 ll 34 CDR MARK. 190 SINGLE. Okay, I want

to go ahead and start the depletion
right here then. Okay, 190 is
MODE to AUTO. READY light's
on. FRAME 99- Okay, we're
starting to deplete 99 - or 190.

CDR Okay, we'll at least get them

some good cloud photos then. Lots
of towering cu. I've got an ALTI-
NETER UNLOCK and the READY light's
out. Going to STANDBY on the ALTI-
_TER at 12:19.
q • . -

Dump 'rape 024-05

Page 15 of 15

024 18 12 39 CDR Okay, EREP, STOP. Got a malf

on 4 and 6 now and 5. i and 2 lef
to go. Okay, we didn't have much
film left. We shot most of it.

CDR There goes number i light. There's

number 2. Stand by on 190. All
right, Bravo 7 is reading 34 per
cent, 34 percent. S192 DOOR going
CLOSED now. That's too bad, Ed.
We shot our wad at the clouds.

024 18 14 38 CDR RECORD switch OFF.

024 18 16 59 PLT PLT with the EREP 190 mag

reading. 1666, 9005, 9880,
9871, 9418, and 0741.
025 18 17 14 PLT PLT out.

024 18 19 06 SPT SPT at 18:19. Handheld photos.

CX43 is the mag, frame 64 and 63,
300-millimeter, 5.6 and 1/lO00 of
a second ....

024 18 20 59 SPT Subject of the photos is river and

on mouth of the rivers and this
one in particular was of - of Rio San
Faneisco in South Smerica, Brazil.
The - the sediment carried out
by the river was quickly carried
to the south by looked like a
relatively strong current from
the - the short distance which
the - the sediment was able to
move out into the ocean. The
sediment, of course was, light
brown contrasted with the dark
blue of the ocean. And the very
• abrupt turn to the south, I
think I was able to capture the
whole phenomena in the field of
024 18 22 03 SPT The two frames taken were an at-
tempted stereo pairs with the

Dump Tape 024-06
Time: 024:19:00 to 024:20:38 GMT
Page i of 3

024 19 00 i0 SPT SPT at 19:00, M092 - or MI71.

The start time was 18:25. M092 data:
left leg, 13-1/4 ; right leg, 13-1/8.
Cb_rlie Juliett legband on left.
Alpha Quebec on right.

024 19 00 36 SPT SPT out.


024 20 i0 47 CDR This is the CDR at 20:05 Zulu -

correction - 20:10 Zulu, debriefing
the 19:20 ATM pass, which consisted of
JOP 6 building block 28's and some TV
downlink. The mechanics of getting
the two building blocks out was no
big problem; we got everything done.
_--- Approximatelyhalfway through the pass,
I got a call from the ground where
you folks indicated that active
region was surging, that I should
keep an eye on the WHITE LIGHT
CORONAGRAPH running on the _NITOR
number i and the XUV running on
MONITOR 2, and I wasn't even bothering
to look at H-Alpha.

024 20 ii 36 CDR The only thing I noticed in the WHITE

LIGHT CORONAGRAPH was down in that
quadrant where AR-35 is located was
a noticeably brightening. However,
I'm not sure even the brightening
would have been noticeable had I not
been alerted to that particular
quadrant. I saw no indications of
any kind of a corons_l transient that
came out that direc$ion. The corona
has changed slightly since this
morning, and I described that on the
air-to-ground. So I guess there's
no real need to mention that on this
Dump Tape 024-06
Page 2 of 3

024 20 12 07 CDR The XUV MON is getting less and less

interesting, withthe 35 and 31 and 33
going over the hill. And I guess the
only item of interest on the WHITE
LIhZ_T COEONAGRAPH, other than the -
the splitting of that one streamer that
was mentioned on the air-to-ground,
is that there's a little spike of a
streamer out at about 040. It's very
faint; it's a short spike. It only
goes out to about halfway from the
occulting disk to the edge of the
screen. But it's a - it's kind of an
interesti_Ig location all by itself.
And just before sunset I went to the
limb and did sort of a limb surge
through that area, and there's no
prominence or surges or anything there
that I could see that could be
causing that little spike. So I would
guess that it must be coming from
something off the back of the sun.

024 20 13 12 CDR l'm trying to remember what active

region were that high a latitude,
and I can't think of anything right
offhand. So I might be something that
is emerged. That's essentially it.
I did a building block 32 at the tail
end of this pass, as suggested by the
ground. I see the next pass starts
with a 32, and l've penciled in a
building block 32 at the end of the
next pass, for the next operator.

024 20 13 39 CDR CDR out.


024 20 35 20 SPT SPT at _0:35. M171 data for the PLT.

CAL N22, 02 , C02, 974. CAL N 2, H20,
1158. Cabin air pressure, 5.298.
/_ PERCENT 02, 2.77; H20, 3.36; CO 2,
1.97. Vital _apacties: 5.941,
5.874, 5.784. I'll read those to
you again; I'm net sure that I read
Dump Tape 024-06
Page 3 of 3

the second one correctly. That's

5.941, 5.857, 5.784. PERCENT )2 in

the cabin afterwards was 2.59; H2,

4.16; and PERCENT 02, 2.01. Finished

the M171 run at 20:20. We finished
the _K)92 run at 19:25. That information
is for the M171 people.

024 20 36 51 SPT Okay, got a question for the 171

people; actually it's Just a note, I
guess. In my max effort which I got
the other day of a shade over 60
milliliters per minute - or kilogrA=a.
This is about the value which
Jimmy Gilbert predicted on a computer.
That's what I show for that computer
information, oh, about 2 months or
so before we left. I think the
figure he came up with as a maximum
that I could possibly produce if -
with a given amount of bodies that had
essentially ,._ -of course, that
could hgve climbed a lot - was about
62. So it looks as though I've got -
coming up to that. And it's interesting
thathe was able to predict that so well.
You have that information; I believe
I gave it to you. If not, you can
talk to Jimmy Gilbert; he'll explain.
... to you.

02h 20 37 59 SPT SPT out.

Ol_np Tape 024-07
rl- •
024:21:16 to 024"22:11 GNT
Page [ of' 11

02h 21 ]9 42 CC Skylab, a minute to LOS. About

4 minutes I{_ ...

02_ 21 19 51 CDR Hello from Skyiab. l'd like to

toalk to you today about thin film_.
You know in the - the application of
thin films, the thin liquid films,
in - in industry is in the area of
eleetonics and in makeing thin
crystals for integrated circuits,
There's f few problems that they're
having with that industry right now -
with that process of - of making thin
films ; and that is, they don't really
quite understand what the rupture process
is of an undisturbed film. They don't
know whether a - a film - a thin
film begins to rupture around the
edge or whether it's Just sort of a
random th_ng, or maybe it starts in the

02h 31 17 34 CDR There seems to be an interrelationship

of qute a few different factors that
seem to affect the stability of a
thin film. Oi_e is drainage, in one g•
they found that by rotating the film
after they've made it - they've drawn out
a film of liquid - that by rotating they
can make it last anywhere from i0 to
i00 times longer than they c_n if they just
draw it out and let it sit • and then finally
break. Another factor that seems to be
related here is viscosity of the
liquid, and that would seen rather
logical. And a - another one, very -
very interesting item, is film elasticity;
that is surace tension.

021_ 21 18 14 CDR Now what we're gonna try to deomonstrate

todya is the dlfferenct ways that we
have of forming thin films. Now, there's
two ways. We have a possihlity of - of
taking a wire of il - a loop here,
putting a liquid in the middle of it,

_ and expanding the loop and drawing the

Dlnnp '['_pe021)-07
Page 2 of ii

drop of liquid into the thin film.

The same thing csn be done with a
little rectangle. They can ex -
expand one side of a rectangle and
draw a loop. Now, the other way of -
of drawing out a - a thin film is -
is the - using inertia. That is
jerking _ loop or something like
that - a thin film out of its liquid
and using its inertia to leave the
liquid behind and - and bring out
Just a thin film. So we're gonna
try using both of those things -
both of those ways of stripping
the liquid from a film.

024 21 19 16 CDR One thing about the absence of

gravity that we know, it certainly
eliminates the draingage question.
We have no problems with drainage
up here. And , in fact, sometimes
with - in other areas_ it's kind of
a problem. It doesnt' change the
visciosity effects. We - we're pretty -
we're sure of that. The viscosity
certianly doesn't change with zero g.
But, one area that we can look at
pretty well, and that's what we're
gonna address ourselves to today, is
elasticity, or surface tension, and
its effects. And we should be able
to get a little bit of insight on
the evaporative effects, how that
affects the - the time that a film
will last before it finally ruptures.

024 21 19 58 CDR The equipment that we're gonna use

is the loop that I showed you, a
little square here with a sliding
side. And for the stripping-out
method of - of forming a film, we're
going to fool with a - a cube, a
loop - or hoop and a tetrahedron.
And what we'll do is we'll draw
some soap-solution films out of
a liquid, and we'll measure the time
that it takes for the tin film to
finaly rupture. We're going to use
Dump Tape 021_-07
Page 3 of II

this wire equipment. And the

soap solution we're using is a
h0 to 1 rstio of water to soap,
and the soap that we're using is our
shower soap. It's a liquid soap;
it'l like shampoo. It has been
referred by severl of us as dog
shampoo. And if you'd like to know
what our shower soap smells like,
go - go smell Fido'd shampoo; you
probably got it wired.

024 21 20 56 CDR Well let's - let's get on with it.

Ed, would you turn off the VTR?

024 21 26 19 CDR ... the loop ... wire here; I'll connect
the loop ... Now this - this is
a rather awkard thing to do, so I'm
not - I'm not promising any grand
results. But what we're gonna try
/ to do is take lcc drop of water,
1 cugic centimeter, and put it on
the loop and drawit out intoa -
into a film. And then we're going •
to see just now we're going to see
how big of a film we can make - how
big a loop. And then we're going
to do the same thing with that hO
percent soap solution. And compare
the two, and see how much bigger a
loop we can get. We expect -
because surface the tension in the
so_p that is less, we expect a
bigger one.

02h 21 27 14 CDR Now as you can see, I'm having

trouble just moving this water
bubble. There we go. No I'm gonna
begin the the expansion of the loop.
The big problem is getting another
bite each time.

024 51 27 59 CDR Well, I snapped it and lost it.

But we had a loop about this big
around, which is about - oh, 2-1/2
inches in di82aeter, And the - it was
just about to it's full length. Let
me try one more hree; then we'll have
'* s - •

Dnmp Tape 024-07

P_Lge )I o1" .ll

to press one. We don't really

have time to redo our failures.
All right. We'll put another -
another 1 ce on here. There we
go. And try to get it - -

02h 51 28 39 CC Skylab, we're back with the

Vangaurd for ii minutes.

CDR - - try to get it to fill the loop

first. And once I get it to fill
the loop, then I can begin to expand
my loop out. But I have to be
very careful not to Juggle it
because if I Jiggle it too much and -
and rupture it, you know, it's
ruptured to to inertia effects by me
yanking it around rather tha
what we're trying to find out here,
and that is the elasticity of the
liquid. And fooling with wires is
not all that easy.

024 31 29 17 CDR All right. I don't know if you

can see some of the little hubles
that are forming on there, hut
there are bubbles there. We're
about to the same diameter we were
before and I have to go get another -
another bite here. All right.
It should pop _'.y time now. This is
as thick as I've ever been able to
get it. Well, there's lots of
liquid left on that. There it went.
All right, Now. You can see that
loop is about 3 inches in diameter.
Now let's try a soap solution.

024 21 30 30 CDR Okay, here's our loop again, and a

soap solution of about 1 cc. It
seems to want to hang on to the -
the syringe more than it does
the wire.

CDR Did it again.

CDR No, that's not gonna work. Let's try

it one more time. Nope.
Dump Tape 024-07
Page 5 of ll

024 21 31 48 CDR Would you kill the VTR, Ed?

024 21 46 51 CDR Okay. We're gonna try again now.

We had to stop for a few techincal
difficulties there. And I 'm gonna
see if I can't make a l-cc soap
bubble that will let lose of the
syringe and not dribble back over
the top of it. Did it again. This
time I'll try snatching it off.
No, that didn't work. Let's try
one more, It works beautifully
when I'm off camera. Soon as I get
the camera running, then it doesn't

024 21 47 45 CDR Okay. Let's try again. Trying to

make a bubble on the end fo the
syringe, and then I'll try to sh.ake
it off. See, that's the trouble
with this soap solution; the bubble
itself does not have enough
surface tension to rain - maintain
its own integrity, so it kinda just
wants to drizzle all the way down the
side of the syring. And getting alce,
bubble transfered from the syringe to
the wire loop is turning out to be more
of a problem that I had reckoned for.
Nope. Still doing it.

024 21 48 46 CDR All right. This is not one full

cc, and as you can see, it's got a
bubble in it. But I think it will
still probably stretch out much,
much farther than the water and still
demonstrate my point that the more
flexible film 0 the more flexiable
the liquid or the solution, the - the
thinner the film can be stretched out.
Because we - if we put the same amount
of - of liquid on the loop and then
strethc it out to two or three times
the side - okay. That only went -
that went the same size as the water,
so we mush havehad onlyabouta
quarter of the - of the soap. You
can see that loop is Just about exactly
Dump Tape 024-07
Page 6 of ]i

the same size as the water loop.

So we have no choice now but to
try agaiD.

024 21 49 50 CDR I think if this one doesn't work

this time we're gonna have to call
it quites and go on the the jerk
method of - you'll pardon the
expression - of making film; that
is, using inertia to strip the
liquid away from the film. All right.

CDR There, we got a ice bubble on there.

Now. This ought to really draw out
a nice thin film. Let me get it
stabilized. Okay. Now you notice
this one has a bubble, and it'll be
interesting to see what the bubble
--\ does. There. It popped.

02h 21 51 48 CDR You can see now that we have far

exceeded the plain water bubble. My
biggest problem is keeping my hand
out of the way while we continue t O
stretch. Okay. I think that's about
all we have time to show here, and that
is the fact that the soap bubble, with
less surface tension, has more
flexibility, and can therefore be
stretch to considerable more distance
than the water bubble. And I finally
shook it enough to break it.

024 21 52 25 CDR So now the next thing we want to

look at in drawing them out is the
little square, the sliding rectangle.
And I'ii just deomonstate this as
a method of doing the Job. This
one is - will take a lot less fluid.
And the big thing again will be
getting the doggone bubble off the
syringe. There. That's about 1 1/8
of a cc. And now I'll try to roll
f_ it so thatyou can see it. As you
can see, there's 2 inches, there's
about 3 inches, 4, 5, 6 - I got about
7 i_ches there before it finally popped.
Dump Tape 024-07
Page 7 of Ii

024 21 53 43 CDR Okay. You can see that this is

a - a mych more controlled method of -
of drawing out a film. And I cna
go back to the beginning here and
establish my little bit of fluid
again. And just redraw it - just
keep redrawing the - the thin film
we've used enough time on this.
Let's get on to the - the method
of matching.

024 21 54 33 CDR And I'm going to have to replenish

my soap solution and then we'll
be back with you.

PLT Okay.

024 21 59 31 CDR Okay. We're back in business again,

and this time we're going to - we're
going to use the inertia of the
liquid to strip the liquid away from
the film. And first of all, we're
going to use the little loop. Now
this is just plain water here; this
is my food tray. And then this little
can here contains the 20 to 1 percent
_0 to 1 ratio of water to soap.
Now. What we wanna do is snatch
this out and then we wanna measure
the time that it takes - -

024 22 O0 l0 CC Skylab ... minutes to LOS. Nest ;..

Hawaii in about 20 minutes ......

CDR - - for the - the film to dry. Now

I'll do is snatch all three of them
and then we'll - we'll get the clock
started. All right. Here comes the -
the first one out ... Okay. All
right. There's the first loop right
there. And I'll stick that' I've
started my clock. I'm what I'm doing
is sticking that loop on a little
piece of tape nearby so that I don't
lose it.
Dump Tape 024-07
Page 8 of Ii

024 22 01 01 CDR All right. The next one is the little

tetrahedron. Now. And I pulled that -
that rascal out, and I've only got
one face here, and that's the face
that is facing you. The other four
faces did not work, so I'm going
to put it back in and try snatching
it again. All right, now - now you
can see that we have a tetrahedron,
but pulled into the middle of it, you've
got a film on all four of the sides.
But you've also got a - I don't know
if you can see that. You can see a
little seam down the center. And it's
as if a line was drawn in from the vortex
of each of the corners of that
tetrahedron, and then it all meet_ in
the middle. And so that gives you an
ed - egives you several films.

024 22 02 i0 CDR All right, now the tetrahedron,

just by moving it, has now broken
down, and now there's only two -
two faces that are holding together.
now. So I'm gonna resnatch that,
and then put it down quickly.
There it is. I've got it made again.
And I'll put it down and let it
dry. And the loop has jus popped.
And that was a minute and a half.
Okay, the tetrahedron has already
broken down due to evaportation.
And one face has already opened up
on the tetrahedron. Now my next one
is the square - or the cube.

02_ 22 03 09 CDR All right. Now I've snatched the

cube in, and what it's done is drawn
into a - it looks like there's another
• little cube inside of it, and just
a tiny little cube. And it - then
there's a or - a line drawn from
each corner of the outer cuve into the
iner cube. Now by snatching more
rapidly,you - thatlittlecube
disappeares. In other words, that
little cube in the center apparently
appears to be a function of how much

Dump Tape 024-07

Page 9 of ii

fluid there is available. If there's

not enough fluid available that little
cube will not form, and your faces
begin popping, or rupturing, until
you finally end up with only one
or two faces left as the - as the
fluid continually readjusts itself.

024 22 04 04 CDR Okay. I'm gonna redo the cube here

now. The tetrahedron is still holding
well at - with three of the four sides -
one - two more sides just broke as"
I was speaking. Now there's only one
more side left in the tetrahedron that
hasn't popped yet. All right. Now
I - I still haven't got the square
the way I want it. There we go. No_.
Now we have the square with a little
square - and that only lasted 5 sec-
onds. I'll try it again. Now I have -
by pulling i out very carefully and
slowly, I have the full cube of water.
Now I'm gonna shake some of it out.
Now I have a tiny cube in the center
with a line drawn from each corner
of the big cube to each corner of the
little cube, and I'll shake a little
more liquid out.

024 22 05 08 cDR All right. Now I have a - very, very

thin films here. And the lines coming
into the inner cubes - the inner
cube is extremely tiny, and the
lines are almost coming to a point ;
and I don't e_pect this cube to last
very loDg. Okay. But what - as
we've seen with our tetrahedron,
which, if I can bring back now -
our tetrahedron has only got one
face left, but it's a very thick
face. And it's going to take that
a long time. Now I can shake some
of that water off of there, which
I've done, and now I have a nice thin
-- film,and I'm sure that film is not
gonna las long at all.
Dump Tape 024-07
Page i0 of ii

024 22 05 54 CDR Okay. The cube has finally broken

down. It burst; it ruptured on
three sides, and we have three sides
left in the cube. And the little center
cube is completely gone now. We
just have three of the six sides of
the cube left. We only have one of
the four sides of the tetrs_hedron
left. Now I'm gonna shake some
of the exvess liquid out of the
cube in ordre to hurry its demise,
or supture. Okay. Now I can see
that it's beginning - when you've
got two intersecting planes there, you
have that line and that - I see
the line between tow of these
planes is beginning to show a little
strain. Now. It just popped.
We're now left with two faces intead
of three. I'ii shake off a little
liquid. All right. Now I expect
I'll lose some more frames - faces,
I should say. Now the tetrahedron is
still down to one face. And I
snatched the - the last one off of
there hoping to take off a little
water. Okay. It's been 30 seconds,
now, since we got down to two faces
on this cube.

02h 22 07 38 CDR But it does - it does appear to me,

from what we've done today, that's it's
feasible, in zero g, to make thin
films. You can do it, rather than
jerking, by shaking. And here I've
jsut formed the tetrahedron again,
with the medians going - the lines
going form the vortex of each one of
the corners into the center to a very
tiny tetrahedron in the middle. And
as we can see, over a period of time
these faces are going to pop.

024 22 08 08 CDR Okay. It's bee a minute and a half

now since this cube reduced to two
faces, and once it reduces to two
phases - faces, that seeme to be it's
most stable configuration. And it
Dump Tape 024-07•
Page ]i of ii

would seen to also be the case

in this tetrahedron. By the way,
the tetrahedron just blew two
faces; it just popped 'em. I'll
shake off the excess fluid. I
shook too hard. But it appears
that the most stable configuration
is the one face with no - no
intersections within the other face.
Apparently, the intersectionwithin
the other face is a very unstable
condition. And as soon as the water
or the liquid can move far enough,
the face - the sep - line of
separation between the two faces,
the line of intersection will break
and - and cause you to be left with
either one face or two separate •faces
not touching each other as we have
_'-- in this cube. And that seems to have
been demonstrated by this little
tetrahedron as well. Let me snatch
out another - another loop of -
all right, it's been two minutes, we -
2-1/2 minutes, I beg your pardon -
on the cube, and it's still hanging
in there. And we've got 15 seconds
on the hoop now.

02h 22 09 36 CDR Okay, Well, I think we're about out

of film - cut off television tape
time, so we'll have to - we'll have
to terminate with that. But I think
the principles have been shown here
that stability has to do with the
amount of fluid that you can get,
and the thinner the fluid, the
less stable.

024 22 09 56 CDR And if you have an intersection of two

faces on a fluid intersection,
that it's an unstable situation.

_-_" Dump Tape 024-08
Time: 024:23:18 to 024:23:22 GMT
Page i of i

024 23 19 Oh SPT SPT at 23:19 debriefing the ATM passes;

the first which 20:51 and second one
at 22:24. They were both pretty much
identical. Building block 32 done
at the beginning of each one and a
building block 32 done at the end
of each one. However, at the end
of each one, I got down to zero time
remaining and didn't quite hit the
... in each one of them in the
PATROL, SHORT MODE. Took a little
longer to get back to Sun center and
get it all lined up and it disappeared
... In the first orbit, that's the
20:51, there was one extra position
for 55 and that was plus 300
in UP/DPWM and minus 1300, LEFT/RIGHT.
I did one MIRROR, AUTO RASTER there.
I figured that was probably the best
position as it's where we've seen
most of the enhancements in the
corona and also close to the area
where we've seen a lot of the surging;
close in terms of radial direction,
although not completely on - on top
of it. I perhaps would have chosen
the plus 50 in UP/DOWN had I put it
right on top of the surging, were it
closer to the surging. But the build-
up in the corona at 120 made me choose
that one. Okay, in the second orbit we
did the same thing. And it's at 22:24.
Except this time we got in two MIRROR
AUTO RASTERs at plus 300 and minus 1300.

02h 23 21 20 SPT SPT out.

J_, Dump Tape 025-0!/D-705
Time: 025:00:54 to 025:01:30 GMT
Page 1 of 6

025 00 5h 36 CDR This is the CDR. The time is 00:5h:h0.

And the subject is S019. We're set
with a TILT of 272.9, I hope. A
ROTATION - correction - a rotation
of 272.9, a TILT of 4.h. And
getting ready for the first exposure
at 00:55:00. Which is right
now. And we're winding it up; it's
a 270. Stand by - Let's see.
The film hatch is open.

025 00 55 21 CDR MARK. First one has started.

CDR Okay, let's see now. Let recap here.

Everything looks copacetic. I've
got a bright star in the field of
view. I'll take a peek at the
RETICLE for a short time. Okay,
the bright star is halfway out to
,,ll_, the left between the center vertical
and the left verticle and it's
:_, down about one mark from the
horizontal. I don't know what the
units are on there. This is field
number 302, by the way. And this is
270-second widened. We're looking at
a frame number 105.

CDR And let's see now; we're 40 percent

through the exposure.

PLT ... question.

CDR I'm doing SO19, Bill. But go ahead and

I can work around you.

PLT Okay.

025 O0 57 40 CDR Okay, this is CDR. We're going to

have the ATM debriefing going at
the same time here, We'll try to
work around each other. And you
probably won't get any - you know -
get the marks on time, but I can
at least recap to you and tell
you that I did mark on time. I'm
in the middle of a 270, about halfway.
Dtuap '['ape 025-01
Page 2 of 6

PLT Okay.

CDR Go on ahead. I've warned them,

it's going to be chopped up. And -
at least until you debrief.

PLT Okay.

025 00 57 54 PLT Okay, it's the PLT debriefing the

ATM pass starting at 23:59. JOP 6,
step l, 1 Alfa completed per pad;
1 Bravo completed per pad. And
the rest of the pass was not
completed per pad I looked down
here and I saw all this printing.
I've done nothing but JOP 6 and
several things here for so long
that I didn't - I didn't even
figure on doing anything like this.
Therefore, I did not accomplish
crosspointer nu.. aligned and
all this other. I thought this was
teleprinter errors, to tell you
the truth, when I saw all this
printing down here. And as I said,
I've been giving - given nothing
• but very basic sort of JOPs to do
for about the last 3 weeks, so
that didn't even make a mental
• impression on me when I saw all that
down there.

025 O0 58 50 PLT Okay, the - what I did do, however,

was point to the new - I thought
it was curious when I saw it. And
I pointed to active region 34, ROLL,
minus 6400; UP/DOWN, plus 0861;
LEFt/RIGHT, minus 0282. And did
about six mini-MARs on the active
region just coming over the limb.
Didn't see anything particularly
impressive. The corona has not
changed over the last h - well,
I guess 4 hours here at - since
19:45. I'velookedat Ed's sketch
Dump Tape 025-0i
Page 3 of 6

here that he made, and the corona

got on the CORONAGRAPH does not
look any different.

025 O0 59 28 PLT PLT out.

025 00 59 32 CDR MARK. The is the CDR again. We're

doing a 90-second widened on field
302, and that started at 59:30. I
terminated the 270-widened at
59:15. And we're not 30 percent
away through this 9 - the widened

CDR 50 percent.

CDR We're looking at frame number 106

here. Passing 70 percent.

/ CDR Okay, stand by.

025 O1 00 48 CDR MARK it. Termination of this

exposure. We're at CARRIAGE RETRACT
going , let's see, 6/10 of a turn
counterclockwise. There. And going
to - looking for 5.8. Ther it is_
and LOCKED. All right. TILT of 20.5
And locked. 20.5. This is a
270 unwidened. And it's supposed to
start at 02.

CDR Okay, we're coming up on 1:02. This

is 270 unwidened. Stand by -

025 O1 02 00 CDR MARK. The SHUTTER is now OPEN for

270 seconds; it's a 1 - frame
number 107. We're looking at
field 3hl with a 5.8. Okay, we're
reading 5.8 on the ROTATION. We're
reading 20.5 on the TILT. Field
341, 270-unwidened_ That's h minutes
and 30 seconds. And we started it
at 02, so it'll be 06:30 when we

---- PLT All right. They asked for the ...


D_p Tape 025-01

Page )Iof 6

SPT ... beginning ...

PLT There's one.

SPT ... frames we have ...

CREW ...

025 Ol 06 i0 CDR Okay, this is the CDR at - time

is 0 - 01:06 and 20 seconds. And
we'll he terminating in i0 seconds.
Stand by -

025 01 06 29 CDR MARK. Termination of the TO - of

SO19. All right, we're setting
the new TILT of - we're going to
go 2.6 turns counterclockwise from
where we are right now. All right,
there's i, 2, .5, 6; all right.
And we want to have an XXI.2. Ed?

SPT Yea/u?

CDR Would you close that?

CDR XXI.2 Looking for a TILT of 358.3,

And LOCKED. XXI.2; FIf - 358.3_
And we're coming up on 01:08, which
is our start time. Stand by -

025 Ol 07 58 CDR MARK. We're looking at frame number

108, and the SHUTTER's OPEN. This
one goes go 01:25. And this one's
a longie.

CDR This is field number Charlie Victor

Charlie, whatever that is.

025 Ol 09 05 CDR This is CDR, going off the line_

I'll be back up on the line again
at 01:25.

Dump Tape 025-01
Page 5 of 6

025 Ol 2h 13 CDR This is the CDR at 01:24 and

15 seconds. Standing by to terminate
the - the last exposure of field
Charlie Victor Charlie. Well, we
terminate it at 01:25. And then
I intend to leave the SAL open
and the mirror extended at -
hopefully at 00 and get you a new
reading for - on the antenna. Okay,
we're coming up on 01:25. Stand by -

025 01 24 59 CDR MARK it. Termination. I'm in

hatch is going closed. Now we'll
rotate back to 0. 6 turn - 2 turns
clockwise, i, 2, 3, 5, 6.2. Now
we want to go to 1 - we want to be
reading 8.9. All right. And our
TILT is 0.
025 Ol 26 14 CDR We have a discone antenna. However,
it is again displaced from where I've
seen it. It is now - the - the - the
point on the diseone that I have
always ponted to and that I have
always referred to has been the
inner section of the cone itself
and the rold that the cone is
mounted on. And the cone I'm talking
about is the - the only one out
there, the - the reflector part
of the antenna. All right, I'm
going to rotat - rotate to get
rhat cone, that inner section, that
point of reference, until it's on the
vertical center side. All right,
it's on the vertical center line
at this time. And I'm reading 7.0
on the ROTATION dial.

025 Ol 27 07 CDR Now, if I put that point over where

it was the very first time I looked at
the zero, which was some 30 days
ago, I guess, we get a reading of
5.7. Now, back in those good old
days, I was getting 0.0. Now, if
I put 0.0 on this rascal, there isn't
Dump Tape 025-01
Page 6 of 6

even an antenna int he field of

view. So the question now, Houston,
is what's zero? Where is the
antenna when we're zero? Where
is the reference point I'm talking
about? Is it on the edge at 6:30
like it used to be in the very,
very beginning? Or is it on the -
the center vertical datum line?

025 Ol 28 19 CDR So as I said before, it's 5-7 if

it's at 6:30 at the edge of the field
of view. If the inner section fo
the cone and the support rod is on
the vertical line it's 7.0. And the
la - latest place you've got - got
it pointed has been at 8.9. So
quite frankly, I am very hopelessly
confused about where zero is. And
you justtellme whereto start,
and I'll start, and you worry about
zero - where zero is, because I
give up. I Just - I can't make hide
nor nair out of what's going on. But
every time I use what is supposed
to be zero, or the starting point,
and look out at the discone antenna,
it's in a different place. And it's
in a different place by something
like 2 degrees. And so I don't know
what to tell you. And I don't
know how - wha_ - whether or not
to tell you your data's any good.
I guess you'll know that. So this
is CDR terminating, i'll retract the
mirror, and that will be the end
of the SO19.

025 01 29 46 CDR CDR out.

r- Time:Tape
02 02
025:11:ih to 025:12:13 GMT
Page 1 of 5

025 ii 14 29 SPT SPT ll:lh. PRD readings: 42901,

29502, 38656. out.


025 12 05 07 PLT Okay, this is the PLT starting

Mh87 on page 3-6 Evaluate the overall
adequacy of the equipment provided to
accomplish routine and unscheduled
maintenance tasks and the design
acceptability of the tasks themselves
from the point of view of access,
logistics management during assembly/
reassembly, tool and component/parts
restraint, and overall ease of task
accomplishment. Start out by saying
tool and component/parts restraint
is virtually nonexistent when moving
F things when holding them in place
prior to installing them. This is a
general comm_ent that holds for
everything, and I don't think this
is quite what the problem - the
question is directed toward - the
problem that the question is directed
toward, hut it is definitely the
case. Once I have something that's
screwed into position, it's restrained
fine. But while I got that thing in one
hand and I got something between my
legs and a tool in each - in the other
hand and trying to keep myself from
floating around, therein lies the
problem. So even having a restraint
for an item prior to putting it in
any other use location ... sensation
%mless yo_ have a good body restraint
to go along with it. Because if you got -
you're going to have to hav_ a tool
Dtunp Tape 025-02
Page 2 of 5

in there unless the thing is retained

in positio_ in awork case or a location
prior to installation of screws, bolts,
_uts, washDrs, whatever else is going to -
straps - whatever else is going to be
used to hold it into the - where it's
used. That's the part of the task that
requires a problem.

025 12 06 57 PLT One - a good example is the window

protectors, the S190A window protector.
I find it sort of irritating to try
to get that thing started that's
screwed into the position. It's
mu - it's much easier to put in the
stowage location in the MDA during
S190 activities. It actually has
to be taken off of the S190 window
and stowed. I find it much easier
to put it in the stowage location
than I do to put it back in the use
location where it's protecting the
$190A window. Of course, we've
already commented on the complete
lack of assistance in - in terms
of crew restraints in the MDA in
general. Okay. So these - these - that
is a general statement. It applies
to almsot everything - is that
there's no temporary restraints at -
either in the dome lockers when
you're taking stuff out - getting the
PCU's out was a real fierce task.
We had to replace a PCU, and those
things were bolted in there with
stillson wrenche@ or something and
that was a real - real chore there.
Until we - to get those out. And
there's no re - body restraint
around the dome locker. Your -
your - yonr feet - you cmn p_t your feet
i_ the ring_, and a lot of times that's
great, but if - sometimes you have
to come out of there in order to get
Dump Tape 025-02
Page 3 of 5

up close enough to the item to -

to work on it. So a lot of times a
foot foot-in.the-ring foot restraint
wasn't good enough, particularly if
the item was located high in the
locker or in the lid of the locker.

025 12 08 31 PLT OkaY. Too_ kit l, tool kit 2 doesn't

mean a thing to me. I don't know what -
what that is. Let's see here - the
tool inventory, that's where we go.
The repair kit, I don't know what
that is. The 190 maintenance kit,
I assume that those are the items
up in the - locker 130, but I don't
know what that specifically is.
M512 12 tools, processing facility,
EMU maintenance kit. Okay, maintenance,
the - they're - Shey're - I should
say okay. Miscellaneous support
.' items. Okay, we'll Just throughthem.
Taol kit l, I'm going to skip over that
because I don't know what that is.
Tool kit 2, I don't know what that is. I
think tool kit 1 is the stuff in the
experiment compartment. Tool kit 2 I
think is the one that's in the MDA - -
if that's the case, the biggest gripe
I've got about the tool kit 1 is that
the items cgme out of their stowage
locations and jam the drawers. I've
already mentioned how bad I think the
design of the drawer and compartments
are in the aft compartment of the -
of the workshop. HOw they're always -
Well, it's Just everything about them
is bad. Stuff - they - they have -
they're studk in there. You can take
50 pounds of force to pull the two
out at on@ time, and then the next
time you put,it in there, it floats free
and Jams the drawer. SO I don't - I'm
at a loss to explain how this happens.
But the - the Mozite cutout method of
restraint is Just - is not satisfactory
as far as _'m concerned. You've got an
Dump Tape 025-02
Page 4 of 5

awful lot of items, varying in size,

and you got little tiny short socket
bits that - and - and wrenches that
just seem to - to not be retained by
the cutouts provided for them.

025 12 I0 43 PLT So that's - that was much my first

comment as far as inadequacy is
concerned, and there ought to always
be a separator between drawers to keep
stuff from the lower drawer from
coming up and jamming the - the d_awer
above. This is a general point of
philosophy that should applythroughout
the workshop is fitting this in the
film vault. Nearly everyplaee;
you're always - stuff is floating out
and it floatB from the drawer below -
veil you pull - drawer A is on top
of drawerB, say. Okay,I pull
/ drawer A out, an item floats out of
drawer B up into the space that
should be occupied by drawer A, so
when I get ready to close drawer A,
it - it pushes back in and Jams
it against the back of cabinet. It
won't close; now you got to take both
drawers out. So you take drawer B
out, so you got drawer B out, something
floats up from drawer C and gets in the
way. So you got to start all over and
start from the bottom and work up.
And it's very frustrating, and I know
that the other flights have experienced
the same problem becasue the tools that
are always floating free had been taped
in by a previous crew. I don't know
if they mentioned this or not, but it's
really a point of irritation. I think
that is a major shortcoming of the
tool kits - is the stowage provided
for them. And also the tool - the
carrying capability. We don't have -
there's a thing called a tool cady,
which is totally unsatisfactory for
holding tools.
Dump Tape 025-02
Page 5 of 5

025 12 ii 59 CC Skylab, Houston. Hello stateside

for 17-1/2 minutes, and we're
dumRing the data/voice recorder
at Goldstone.


Dump Tape 025-03
Time: 025:12:31 to 025:13:38 GMT
Page 1 of 12

025 12 32 i0 PLT Okay, this is the PLT continuing

debriefing. By the way I got a
little complaint against ground.
They - they schedule a debriefing
on the tape recorder and then
take the tape recorder is coming
up on that - at the very same time.
It was around - a little bit after
12 when M487-3 Delta was scheduled
and I guess I coulc have asked
them to redesi_nate ... but that's
it. I think that initiative
should come from somebody whohad
taken that away. They had some-
thing that required the tape recorder
and then casually announce that they're
takin_it. Okay and I'm throughwith
that. Tool kit number l, adequate_
tool kit number 2, adequate; repair
kit, I don't know which repair that is.
190 maintenance tool - maintenance kit
was adequate I guess except - We get
bit con - continually on stowage. And
I don't know. I guess there's really
nothing - I don't know really what
the S190 maintenance kit is, I guess.

025 12 33 30 PLT M512 tools:' the - the set in some

of the placement, particularly the
hammer for the M479 which is coming
up, which I had trained for, but
which it loQ_s like I'm not gonna
do. There were some awful close
tolerances in there on that but I
had nothing to do with tools
necessarily. _4Umaintenance kit;
The only time I tried to use that,
I screwed up the ... helmet. I
don't think there was enough
instructions there. I forgot to
squeeze all excess soap out and
I ended up with a badly streaked
helmet and had to wipe it off with

025 12 34 07 PLT Had all kinds of good instructions

in there that I didn't really need
I,: g-4... i ......
•/'! L. /"
D_p Tape 025-03 _i._-
,s _
Page 2 of 12

but %Then it came to ... the zippers

and doing the actual task, there
was no amplified information. I
know I had done it and had watched
it done but I still screwed it up
when I did it. The miscellaneous
support items i adequacy work sites :
Almost totally inadequate. I'd
say poor to - well, couldn't say they're
unacceptable c_sue we got the work
done. But I'd say most all work sites
are poor. Mighty few of them qualify
even as being adequate.

025 12 34 hO PLT You have to make due with ki - some

kind of restraints and use body
English and all kinds of body
muscular tension in order to hold
yourself in the right position to
F do things. That pretty well holds -
well, Just about everything.
Adequacy of on board data package :
Stowage totally inadequate.
Unacceptable. It's just not directed
against the people who do the stowage
hooks as such,

025 12 35 07 PLT I mean I don't want this to - to be

interpreted as a slap in their face.
I think - but my statement stands
and I think that we Just got -
this morning we got bit again.
Things csl]ed out in Jerry's checklist
for doing - there was something - one
of the demos, he took pictures of the
copper nitrate crystal .... Well, the
little mickey moust Drocedure in
the TV ops book di_Ln't call out a
bunch of stuff and of course they
very cleverly @_nv location for a -
a K-I extension which is p_rt of
the T025 equi_nent. Now, I mean when
you're talking about a TV demon-
str_tion which - you're doing copper
nitrates crystals and you don't
J_-_ call off the - and yet you call
off an item that is associated
Dt_np Tape 025-03
Page 3 of 12

with an entirely, completely different

experiment you got to at least
have the courtesy to give us the
location of that item.

025 12 35 58 PLT And that item is not listed in the

stowage books. I think it is listed
under T025 but if you're trying to
find K-I extension, man, you're
in deep yogurt unless you already
know where it is.

025 12 36 09 PLT Then, of course, you don't need %0

look in the books. My point is this,
again I don't want this to be inter-
preted as a slap in the face to the
people who work on the stowage books
cause the - they did -Imost everything
we asked. We asked them to put - to
locate the stuff under all this garden
variety terms of reference. Well,
that wasn't always done. But I
guess I didnlt know them all. And
brings up the poing that people who
are responsi%le for a given experiment
also ought to be responsible for
seeing that the items that they have
in their - all equipment associated
with their experiment of hardware
or whatever it is, is properly called
out in the stowage books.

025 12 36 h5 PLT In that the - this is the thing that

costs us time, too many hours of
wasted time trying to find things.
Yeah, we may even - I haven't heard
of the K-1. Most of the things that
I can't find at least I'd heard of.
But it seems people are very - I take
it, completely negligent in trying
to check the documentation that
covered the equipment. I'd say
-Imost - well, they are grossly
negligent b_ause a lot of the items
that they call out aren't even in
the stowage book. Or they are located
in such a remoteplacethat one would
Dump Tape 025-03
Page 4 of 12

never - never find them unless he

already knew that -as I say, already
knew all about the equilmnent. And
that, of course, is not the idea
of a stowage book. A stowage book
_s supposed to be a road map for you.
Okay that's mainly the data package.

025 12 37 22 PLT Adequacy of preflight prep for

maintenance task: For the things
that I did, they were good. For
the M1 - sIgB, for the primary
coolant loop repair and let's see,
the S192 cooler door replacement
cut by one - one point - one point
on that. I got two or three ....
By and large, those things that we
knew were go_L_a be hard and we
practiced for, we did quite well.
It's the ad hoc stuff that always
bites you. Scheduled replacement
items, soldier traps :_ No problem.
Mol siene charcoal canisters: That
is Just a little tricky but the
procedure went well.

025 12 38 16 PLT The PPC02 inlet/outlet cartridges:

Very poorly designed. Those things
are, you know, as far as - it's
actu - its such a 'simple thing that
a child could do it. Well, a child
can do it b_$ he has no guarantee
that they are gonna function
properly when he puts them i_ there.
And I_don't want to go into it
other than to say that the - you
never were certain it was not a
simple pull _nd replace type
operation in order for the thing to
function properly. I don't know
what the problem was on that. I'd
like to flag that item as a - in a
point of - sort of irritation, as
something that's supposed to be a
i0 minutetask and it endsup taking
about half an hour before you can
get the_ functioning properly. And
That's mainly, I think, the inlet ...
DL_np Tape 025-03
Page 5 of 12

025 12 38 58 PLT PP02 cartridges: Never changed them.

EVA/IVA cool gas seperator: Well, I
think the firing squad is in order
if that's the one that you're talking
about up there on 217, for the people
that designed that little gem. Now
that is pretty bad really. That is a
real hand-cut t er-and-knuckly-bust er
operation. The -the coolant gas
separator that's above the 0 2 panel.

025 12 39 B2 PLT I would talk - I - I have a few well-

chosen words that I would like to go
into later and I don't - I want to flag
that item as a - as a major dum-dum
on the part of the designer. Because
that is awful hard to get to. The -
the actions are difficult. You have
to - this - this is sortof a black
magic operation all the way around.
You never know - it can't - say I'm
gonna go up there and undo these ...
and then redo the ... within l0 minutes.
And we could try and sometimes you get
them right on right way. In fact, I
got - did not waste a whole lot of
time on the .,. flight except on one

025 13 40 07 PLT That WMC vent filter: no problem.

WMC char - charcoal c_nisters: No
problem. Fecal collector filter:
No problem; we had practiced that.
Urine separators: Did not do.
Scheduled cleaning items. OWS air
mixing chamber screens: 0lay, that's
no problem. WMC vent filter: No
problem. 0-AMfOWS- circ filter
screens - AM, We changed them.
Unschedule replacement item,
fans: I - I replaced the - the
exchange fans. The stowage -
things there - usually there is one
strap or something that ought to be
taken - a metal strap or something
./'--_ that ought to be taken off first.

025 12 h0 50 PLT I got bit on this one, the OWS

heat exchanger fans. That ought

Dump Tape 025-03

Page 6 of 12

to be color coded somehow or

the other. Say the - some color
for the first one to take off or
some color for the don't ... into
this one sort of thing. Because
it'll sllp out. And that's how I
got bit on that. I'll tell you more
about that later. WMC fans - valves.
Now - now, did I change these valves?
NoDe, not that I know of. Seals, lights,
others. Oh, forgot the PCU when I
siad that. That was Just a little hit
of a surprise getting ... so that's
Just a little bit of dlfficutly
getting in on that that thing.
Unscheduled repair items; identify
task and evaluate. I can't think of
anything right now.

-- 025 12 41 39 PLT PLT out.


025 12 55 45 PLT Okay, PLT reporting on the calibration

of the wardroom SMMD. Start time about
12:37. I waited t/util after over a
little dump_ Temperature, 72 degrees.
Day of year, (M25. Crewman PLT. SM_D
sequence number 1 _hich was empty tray.
195570, 1955@9, 195567, 195568. 195591,
1955hl, 195591, 195602, 195558, 195583.
Sequence number 2 with the 500 gram:
26208, 226 - 262090, 262075, 262099,
262131, 262110, 262116, 262073, 262090,
262113. Sequence number 3 with a [sic]
empty tray again: 195549, I'll only
read the last two digits now; 58,
62, 58, 53, 66, 40, 59, and 42.

025 12 57 13 PLT Okay now on the head, _qit in the head.

Started at 12:48, and finished at 12:57.
Temperature 70 degrees. 196672, and
Dow reading only the last two digits:
196701,I'm sorry I'.Ii Just read the
last three. I'll start over again at
19_672, 196701. 1966 - 196732, 196727,
196765, 19 - stand by i.
f--_ Dump Tape 025-03
Page 7 of 12

025 12 58 08 PLT Okay starting over again on

sequence one. 196672, 196701,
196632, 196627, 196665, 196616,
196696, 196621, 196666, 196609.
Sequence 2 with the 500 gram:
262264, 262290, 2293, 2290.
262305, 262322, 262281, 262368,
26284, make that again, 262284,
262276. Sequence 3' 1966hi,
now reading only the last two digits:
31, 65, 59, 36, 35, 59, 52, 44, smd

025 12 59 ii PLT PLT out.

025 13 03 41 CDR This is the CDR at 13:03 Zulu, reporting

Earth observations handheld photography.
The area of concern is around
Lake Victoria, about 200 miles
northwest of Lake Victoria, I guess
Stanleyville and to the - mainly
to the east_ofStauleyville.I did
not see Stanleyville itself. I noted
that a rather peculiar land pattern
which was obviously a land use
pattern. There was also a quite
a bit of flash burning going on
down there. ADd I noticed that there
is little or no - none of the
rectilinear patterns that we usually
see in cultivated areas. The pattern
- land use patterns in this particular
area were very much cellular. They
obviously followed the topography
rather than following the ... And
so I got two photos of that. One
with a Nikon 300-millimeter lens
and that's on Charlie X-ray ***
frame number 62, taking at h.5, i/i000.

025 13 04 51 CDH And I also _ot an overview with the

Has6elblad of the same area at the
same time amd that was Charlie X-ray 18
frame number_ 74. These were taken
at about 12:50 Zulu. And then as we
went over Lake Victoria I Just looked
at it with the - with an eye towards
D_mp Tape 025-03
Page 8 of 12

circulation patterns and I did notice

a rather perculiar circulation
pattern down on the south end of the
lake. In fact it didn't look like
circulation, it looked like
maybe we could see through ,the water
and see a sand bar underneath, l'm
not sure but, at any rate, I took
another Nikon picture. This was
• at 12:52 on Charlie X-ray h3,
frame number 61 taking at h.5 over
i/i000. And then down to the
southeast of Lake Victoria - I might
add here as a parenthetical note
that my purpose of looking at this
area was to try to get the pictures
of NHII0-h. The - the area was
scattered to broken clouds and do
my - my picturea are takne in
-_" areaswhereyou could - you could
see the ground. But I could
not see much of the HH10h [sic]
type informstion, however, I did
find an area that - in the clouds -
between the clouds southeast of
Lake Victoria which I THOUGHT I
would go ahead and take with the -
the Hasselbald. So that's frame
number 75 taking a f/ll, 1/250
and the idea here _i8 possibly
there might - somebody on the
ground reading this photo might
ba able to see something geological
there that - that I can't see
from here.

025 13 06 h2 CDR CDR out.

025 13 07 35 CDR This is the CDR at 13:07 Zulu, subject

TV-106. The Nikon photography was
taken this _oraing. I took one
frame at - _t f-stop 2.8, l/B0.
And in being doubtful that I was
holding the camera steady enough
for 1/30 1 set the shutter to 1/60
/_ and took another frame. While
looking through the - the light meter
Dump Tape 025-03
Page 9 of 12

that's integral with the camera

it indicated that we probably ough_
to be using a f-stop of 5.6. But
I was doubtful as to what the
effect of the K-1 adapter would
be on that little meter, so I left
the f-stop at 2.8.

025 13 08 17 CDR CDR out.


025 13 18 55 PLT This is the FLT recording for S019.

Okay, we've got 226.h set in, as near
as I can tell. And everything worked
out all right. TILT 358.3. Waiting
for 13:21 to start an exposure on
field 319. First will be at 270
widened and then followed by 270
unwidened. And got 6.4 showing in
the left - left window - rotation

CC ...

PLT Okay stand by. 270 unwidened coming

uo. Okay, going into SLIDE RETRACTED.

025 13 20 51 PLT MARK coming _out to STOWAGE. Standing

by. Stand by

025 13 21 01 PLT MARK. Oh, I don't think I picked

up anything. And I went all the way
to the SLID_ RETRACTED too. I have
109 showing in the SLIDE - Gee, I
and I got out - it went in with a
little bit of difficulty like is
usually does, and then when I went
over to OPENED it did not seem to
be pushing anything into posltion.
To move forward was required to go
-_ So we'll Just let it go. Okay we
have a 270 unwidened coming up so
I'll get a good hack on it there ....
Dump Tape 025-03
Page i0 of 12

PLT Hey, Jer.

CDE Uh-huh.

PLT ...

CDR I don't know. I - It felt this way

to me yesterday.

PLT It felt like - first the frame was

in this SLIDE retracted ... which
is normal and then when I pulled
it over there was no - there was no
resistence as I was moving it over ...
then when I went from CLOSED to
OPEN it required very little force
at all. It didn't look like - feel
like ... It may be that its
started working right.

CDR ...

PLT I bet that's right. Yeah, that -

Too bad we can't get in there.
Of course I guess it's a good thing
we can't. (Laughter) Okay.

CREW ...

PLT Yeah.

CDE How long is this exposure?

PLT 270.

CDE ...

PLT Okay. I run through 13:51_ good grief.

PLT FILM HATCH OPEN and everything looks

right .... coming up on i00 percent
stand by -

025 13 2h 52 PLT MARK. Okay. Now, okay, and now

_ome back and the widen kn_w over
to llO. Stand by - I'm coming
back from CARRIAGE RETRAC_2_.'Dto
STOWAGE. O_ay, I'm coming - now
that 's all right.
Dump Tape 025-03
Page ii of 12

025 13 2h 09 PLT MARK. Okay, was starting that 270

at 06 -that at 25:06.

CREW ...

PLT Yeah. Okay 270 unwidened. 29:36.

PLT Okay we got to get this ... back

I think what it was is that I do
not have the FILM HATCH all the
way open on that first one. NOw
that I think _bout it that thing
moved when I checked it. Oh, well,
It ... good that time anyway, I
think we missed the 270 widened
though, it Just didn't feel right.
Okay, waiting for 29:36 and our
next group is gonna be - let's see
that is number ll0 and I sm very
suspicious that 109 4_(In't pick
up the plate. I can't be sure of
that .... the last one actually
worked quite easily, much easier
than it did when I did the checkout
on the - on the film canister. Okay
now, that's 01h turns co_kntercloekwise.

PLT Ccmlng up on 29.

025 13 29 00 MAEK. Waiting for 29:36.

PLT Okay, stand by.

PLT Stand by -

025 13 29 36 PLT MARK. Okay, going on into SLIDE

RETRACTED. Now, ROTATION 253.8 would
be 0.4 turns counterclockwise ....
3.8. Hey it's good. 3.8 we have.
Okay. TILT is 22.9. l_ield B52 and
waiting for 31 which is coming up
in about B0 seconds. Looks like we're
in good shape. 22.9 on the TILT and
3.8 indicating that it was proper
_ numberof turn at O.h turn counter-
clockwise. This will be - Stand by.
Coming to STOWAGE. Will be 270,
Dtunp Tape 025-03
page 12 of 12

025 13 31 01 PLT MARK. Okay, that felt good. I - maybe

everythings working all right then.
And I am very suspicious that
I did not have the film hatch all the
way opan. I - I touched it and it
moved a little bit and I don't know -
let's see. Anyway, that's the last
two .... This is exposure lll.
And it's on field 352, 270 widened.

PLT Okay, stand bY- Coming up on

i00 percent.

025 13 3_ 46 PLT MARK. Terminating exposure. Okay, I

want to go - what's the remark? Okay,
M54, continue until sunrise, 13:51.
4.0 turns counterclockwidr. 4 turns ;
i, 2, 3, 4. 3.0. TILT 4.7.
Okay, and sunrist at 13:51. And it
start 54 unwidened and continue until
sunrise 13:51. And I shall start at
36 here. Stand by. I'll do it again.

025 13 36 02 PLT MAHK. And we're starting at 13:36.

That'll be frame or plate number 112.
M5h. Taking exposures until 13:51.

025 13 36 23 FLT And I'll terminate recording tem-



Dump Tape 025-0_
Time: 025:1h:51 to 025:1h:56
Page i of 2

025 lh 52 07 SPT SPT at ih:52. ATM ops. First

of all, I'd like to go back and
make one addition to She orbit
which begam _ 13:51. A/id that is
that the exposure thane in 82]3 at
allegedly 400 K, I took the order
in which things written on the pad
and perhaps we shoul_ "not have -
It said 0h:58, h00 K - taken a
82B exposure, i second, Following that
it said_ put the SUNRISE/SUNSET switch
to Sun. NOw that I look at it it was
probably that that switch shoDld have
gone to Sun before that step hec@use
that h00 K tide does not correlate with
me. 03:39 time we have for hOOK tods_,
and it's probably Just that difference
of a little over a minute. If the
_- objective was to get_a [sic] undisturbed
or - a picture of the %red we were
looking without any perturbations by the
atmosphere, then essentially we got it.
It may he a minute earlier than bOO K, but
it sl%ould still be Just ms good.

SPT And going _ack to the - on the next orbit,

orbit which hesse at 13:51. And again,
@ues_ that missed this one. That was
the TV downlink, and I'll try to pick
th@t information up on the next pass when
I do have the oppo;t%mity. H-al- looking
at H-alpha 1•zoomed out and seeing where
the _-81pha imgge _ceases to move. I did
point out on a previous orbit that around
i0 minutes -,or i0 seconds before the zero
TIME R_MAINI_G - with th_ timing and
suddenly I did start tosee the display
oscillate quht @ a bit. That, however, was
in a situation where I was not able to
observe the d/splay accurately. Sort of
last minute _c_use I was taking an exposure.
So I would _ or I had to do that. one over.

:_ We got a transmission from the ground; good

old AI Bean was talcing to _, and I got
distracted_ and Just flat missed getting that
one done.
D_,,'.p Tape 025-04
Pa_e 2 of 2

025 i_ 55 19 SPT Okay, the reminder of the orbit, went

pretty much as specified, a _ouple of
little devia$ions here. O_e is the
first pointing, which was supposed to
be 8 arc seconds off the limb. I found
the limb to be at 81 and trying to go
out to aroun_ 898 was not pos_ible_
989 is one of the those nt_ber that
Marshall won't give us, So we ended
up with 990_ that's 9 are seconds
off the limb. The I went 9 - The
next one I wanted to go zoom to 12 arc
seconds off the limb, but I thought well,
maybe I ought to go their 4 so they get
that spacing in there proper anyways,
which would have put me out at 994.
Unfortuneat_ly that 's another number
that we can't get, so I went badk 8nd
did it at 993, which is 12 arc seconds
F" off the limb, which was what was specified.
The l_8t one 20 arc seconds off the limb,
straightforward, no problem. It had to
truncate the- the last 82B exposures
with around 57 seconds or so remaining on

025 i_ 56 28 SPT SPT out.


Dump Tape 025-05

Time: 025:16:03 to 025:17:50 (_4T
o1251 4
?age1 qz 28

o25 16 04 38 sPT sPT at k6:04,M 87030elta,

guide 3.

CC Skylab,Houston,1 minuteuntil I
LOS. Next s%ation contact in
23-1/2 minutes through Carnarvon
at 16:29. O_t.

SPT Okay, what I'm gonna do here is

discuss mostly the tools - tool
inventory, at least those with
which I'm f_m_liar. I think the
PLT is the real expert in this
whole area. And any of those
maintenance taskawhieh I have
actually accomplished, most of
whichhavebeen the part of the
PLT. We broke - made that break-
down before launch and pretty have
remainedthat w_y. Okay, toolkit
number 1. First of all, Just the
general packaging. I think the -
the idea of the soft packaging is
all right. However,I would like
to see something a little bit
softer which would encompass or
hold it in a little better yet.
This stuff i find gets rigid and
tends to harden a little bit and
it's hard to insert a tool and then
after you've got it exerted sometimes,
or after you have it inserted, it
might sometimes still work it's way
out as the material is hard and it -
not re - not resilient as it should
be. And in many cases, you don't
get the tool in there perfectly
and it does work its way out and
that ma_es a hard time when you're
trying to open drawers with the
tool - in that drawer, one under-
neath it coming out of its storage
location. Also let me talk about
the digital thermometer stowage
while that is on my mind. I don't
Dump Tape 025-05
Page 2 of 28

know if anyone has ever tried it,

but it sure takes a good amount of
crew time to fit that ... probe back
into its stowage location and wind
the little wire through the devious
course that it takes in the packing
material. That is an experiment in
itself. There's got to be an easier
way to package that. Okay, looking
at the - the h_mer, CBRM b_mer
worked great, pinch bar worked great.
Never had any use of feeder handle.
Splice - or the C-clamps worked great ;
no problems. As I pointed out, the
screwdrivers - the previous one, I
needed a larger blade, something
between the - say greater than a
3/16, 1/_, or 5/16. Unfortunately,
we got a 3/8 blade which turned out
to be too large. On that one when
I was working on my shoes. Then
all the little Allen wrenches -
There's gotta be a better way to pack-
age them than that. We've got them
in a little bag which is Just as
bad. That's a whole host of extra
ones. In the drawer here, we've got
tape over - holding all these things
down. All of the Allen bits and
Allen wrenches - There's Just gotta be
a better way to package than that.
I would think something where you might
Just exert the tool in the long way
and just have the one part sticking
out. The - the one end - But again,
that would take a lot of stowage
volume. On the other hand, you
could probebly use - Maybe it wouldn't
take any more volume, when you think
about it. Have to be a very deep
drawer, but it would contain many
mere tools. The way we have it
right now, however, is Just - it's
really hard to work with, expecially
--- for very smallitems.

025 16 09 B0 SPT Okay, that was drawer B I was looking

at. I looked at 1 Alfa and now I'm
looking at 1 Charlie. Okay, those
Dump Tape 025-05
Page 3 of 28

tools - Boy, I've used the - the

extensions for science demos, not
for their intended purpose, however.
They worked great for the science
demos. Never had to use any of
the other sockets, although I'm
sure they work - Oh, yes I have,
in taking some of the bolts off the
floor to get the foot restraints off.
The - by the casting platforms or the
by the wardroom table. Those foot
restraint platforms, we used the
ratchet handle then, some of the
standard sockets here. They worked
great; no problems. It's an awkward
Job Just because the way it was located,
but the tools worked great. Wrenches,
next drawer, 1 Delta and, man, I'm
using some of those on that Job.
It 's no problem. Mechanic al fingers.
I never have had to use those things
although before flight, I thought I
would. Retrieval mirror. Never
have had to use those - those fellows.
Glad to say. Okay, tool kit number 2.
Lacing the wire I've used time and time
again. Found that it'd be exceptionally
useful. The 2-inch tape we found to
be exceptionally useful and wish we
had more of them. We went through
it. Velcro. If we had good Velcro
it'd be a11 right. This Velcro doesn't
stick, that the m, le and female don't
stick and the balloon that's on the
back of the Velcro is poor. Let
me resolve in here, you should have
put a couple of wads of bubble gum
in here and they would have worked
Just as well. That Velcro is - is
lousy. We ought to get that good
Velcro and quit piddle - picking
around with this stuff. It's Just -
We've had it on the spacecraftfor
a long time.

025 15 ii 54 Sl°T It Just doesn't do the Job and it's

more a problem than it's worth.
Dump Tape 025-05
page 4 of.28 .

!025 16 ll-59 SPT You put it on something, you expect

it to do the Job and it doesn't, then
you gotta find another way of doing
it. The way you loose a couple of cue
cards, the way you loose whatever you
happen to be tieing down. I think it's
time we Just ca_ up with a good Velcro
and used it. We've got it. Either
make it fireproof or relax some of
the constraints. What we're using now
is Just not Worth it. Not doing the
Job. One-inch red tape. Never had
to use very much of that. A couple
of occastions, at quarter-inches. Tape,
not too muchscissors, we've got them
all - a11 the scissors from all the
tool kits in the wardroom now. We
use those for the - the meals. They
work a lot better on the food packages
than the other ones we have, which
'cause they'r e a lot easier to use,
don't require much force in cutting
those so that we don't need those
especially strong ones that we carry
around in our pockets. Needle nose
pliers and pin straighteners I have
used both of those and great - slip
Joint pliers, used those. Connector,
channel locker - channel lock, used
that - connector pliers, I'm sorry,
I've used that. Channel lock, I have
not. Vise grips, I've used on
occasion, sometimes with a handhold
and right now I'll say they're worth-
while. Keep them in there. Lubricant,
I've used them in the ... for science
demos. To lubricate some of the
rotating pieces I've yet to put together,
I found it useful for that. In
terms of lubricating anything mechanical
that filters the spacecraft, no.

025 16 13 54 SPY Tweezers I've not had to use but

I imagine they would work pretty well.
And ring extractor, I've not used or
nor O-ring lubricant. Ald the O-rings
we had - generally are working with
around the suits and we've got our own
lubricant there. Crescent wrench, never
_ Dump Tape 025-05
Page 5 of 28

had to use that. The experiment handle,

no. Cutter pliers is missing so I'm
not sure whether we would have ended
up using that or not. Oh, boy, here
we go. I gotta ... what I was talking
about. In drawer Echo we have a couple
bags of extra tools and the cement.
I'll say, hey, one thing we haven't
used and that's the cement. So you
pocket ... either 1 hour in - into
5 minutes, but especially 5 minutes.
Sometimes you're doing a job and you
want it done in the forseeable future.

025 16 14 49 SPY And so you find that a 5-minute Job

works the best when you've used almost
all of that. Would have used more as
a matter of fact at the beginning of
the mission had we not thought that -
we realized we were going to slow
down and then use this rate. We had
/_ lots of things running too early in
the mission. And we held off because
we didn't want to use it all up then.
And - But as the misson progressed
we found that we had most things
squared away and we didn't need it
and the ... they seem brief w_th
me, so we've ended up with some here
at the end of the mission, and ...
later, net result - that - what that
says is you ought to have plenty up
here so that you don't have that -
that concern initially. And we got
a little bag of Allen srenches in
there, which we've collected from
various - various things - various
pieces - aread ... got up there
Allen wrenches. I like the ATM
artillery timer inslallation.

025 16 15 59 SPT And ... for ... 2 Echo closed all

the way because we've got some pockets
back there.

025 16 16 06 SPT And we can take that out. Knowing

you need a hag and then putting it
in the drawersdoesn'twork too well
Dump Tape 025-05
Page 6 Of 78

because suppose the bag pops out and

the ... comes up with the - the bag.
You need draw strings, first the pliers
not closed properly. Then again we
could probably rig up something which
would be better than that - in terms
of ... these items, but you're too busy
working experiments, trying to get
data to try and fix the place up in
terms of the optimal working conditions.
Can figure they'd wasted more time
than be gaining. I think - already got
the comet across the board here on that
all of - all of the ad hoc maintenance
and so forth. But you probably - we
can see if more things that co - could
be done from t_ to time but it's a
question of where you spend your time,
getting data or improving the ways
of getting it. Repair kit. Never had
to use it, thank goodness. Well, I
shouldn't say that completely. We used
the - the Velcro strips out of there
which are bad also. That's where I
got the Velcro. That's pretty much
it. We've never had to use any of
the blister patches and I - I hope no
one ever has to. S190 maintenance
kit and 512 I've not worked - EMU
maintenance kit. What little maintenance
I have done on them - not really main-
tenanee, we've not had to repair a
suit at all. We've Just done the
normal, working with the zippers and
borings, lubrications, anti-fog, and
so forth, normal things before and
after an EVA. And I found that tends
to be - the way things are packaged
to work out great and no real problem
in there.

025 16 18 2h SPT And the only thing I would recommend

is that they include a little more
lubricant pad for lubricating zippers.
Dump Tape 025-05
Page 7 of 28

025 16 18 30 SPT I know that there are marvels around

who are able to take one lubricant
pad and make it cover a whole zipper
and all the 0-rings. But I don't have
that dacility. I have not been ablie to
to do that - or I can do it, I think,
at least, then barely scraping a little
bit of fuse On something and everything
as I go over it. But I don't think
it's really doing the Job. and towards
the end of the mission here, we have
a few excess so I'm using them more than
it specifies Just to make sure the Job
gets done. Never had to work with
any sewing or anything else in the
EMU maintenance ket. Working sites.
Better make sure we really have any
work sites. Now maybe the 512 and S192
but a work site is wherever you have
to glue yourself down. And we're usually
able to come up with that something that
will work. WE've got a - alreadyhave
debriefing on that work bench and so
sorth. I won't go into that one again.
Adequacy of lighting. No problem.
On-board data package. And again I'm
not the big maintenance man, so l've
not really done mu - much of the -
we really had no problem with it. What
we're doing is ... have them charter
it. And let's see, of preflight pretp
for maintenance tasks. Again, I'll
let Bill answer that one. So I'll
look throught these scheduled main-
tenance taska. I can see couple of
them which I've done on the ground.
And I really haven't done any of the
scheduled replacement items. Scheduled
cleaning. Air mix chamber screens,
ows vent filter and circulation filter
and circulation filter screens in the
8_1/OWS ,

025 16 20 30 SPT The work problem there is we've got

a vacuum cleaner. It's probably got
about as - as much suction as a normal
Dump Tape 025-05
Page 8 of 28

vacuum cleaner running at one-quarter

speed. It just doesn't do it. I think
we've Just got to get ourselves a much
stronger vacuu_ cleaner. You can get
the Job done but it Just takes infinite
patience sometimes and continually doing
over the same area, Just because of the
air flow, it's so darn low. I realize
... is down by three but we showed six
still be able to I guess doubling the
velocity, you got yourself over and
abot what you had before. That's ground
relative to a fourth or 15 feet of
thi versus pi. Never had to replace
the fan, the valve, seal, lights. Okay,
other repair items. I can't think of
any off hand, And I was - been trying
to think of that ever since I picked
up this book. And I'm sorry I can't.
If I encounter or come across anything
I'iitry to get backwith you. In
other words, if I've - remember some-
thing which I have donw which was
_" unscheduledand of a maintenancetask,
I'll try to get back to you. I think
most of the work I've done is Jerry-
rigging things, picked kup with the
science demos and, boy, me that's -
some of that stuff has really called
for some excessive detailed pains,
taking Jerr-rigging. And most of them
were not - not well put together on
the ground and pretty much depend upon
the guy up here to do the Job and ...
the charged particle on so many demon-
strations. Let me say that one more
mutual thing I found up here is great
t ape.

025 16 23 lh SPT For example, 15 minutes before I

started this briefing'I had to take a
tape Up, part of the S063 zone
experiment facility.

025 16 23 34 SPT The gear is made and assembled in

such a fashion that it's loose, and
_ wobbles. So that while you're trying
Page 9 of 28

to get _go_od pictures-aud you're tracking,

you keep wobbling the camera all around
and get nothing but something considerably
less than the inst_ent resolution
capability. So I've ended up taping
the camera to the thing which it's
allegedly attached to, to hold it
firmly. It '_ used all the time to -
Just take a strip of tape, lay it out
and turn the corners over so it's
held down on the surface and theen you
can just put all kinds of things on
the tape. Just normal courses of
thing, it's done all the time, is that
standard mode of living. I'll get
back to you On unscheduled maintenance
if anything comes up.

025 16 24 28 SPT SPY out.


025 16 50 05 CC - - and 1/2 minutes to Goldstone at 17 - -

025 16 50 12 PLT Okay, recording the following readings.

Okay, it's an EREP 41, it's Alpha 2
and it's reading •56, Alpha 3 is reading
86, Alpha 4, 92 - and we were told the
other day that ts okay, Alpha 4 is
reading 40, Alpha 6 full scale low;
Bravo 2, 54; Bravo 3, 79; Bravo 4,
91; Bravo 5, yes, 56; Bravo 6, 50;
Bravo 7 is 33, Bravo 8 is about l, ...
time, Bravo 9 is 58; Charlie 2 is
reading 57, Charlie 3 reads . .. Charlie 4
54; Charlie 5, 82; Charlie 6, 57;
Charlle 7 is 60 - make that 50,
Charlie 6 is 50, Delta 2, 68; Delta 3,
82; Delta 4, 46; Delta 5, 13; Delta 6,
55; Delta 7 is 10; Delta 8, disregard.
Okay, here is 191. Charlie 7 is okay,
**_ - - ... was off.

025 16 52 09 PLT And I did not go in there so I -

think 2 was verified as off the last
• tin_ we had it open_ _
Dump Tape 025-05
_age i0 of 28

025 16 52 19 PLT Okay, waiting for 2 minus 5-

CDR How do you read me, Bill?

PLT Read you fine and square.

CDR Okay.

025 16 55 4h PLT Okay, 192 MODE to - - DOOR, OPEN.

CDR Bill, I don't think that mike's close

enough to your mouth. We're missing
about the first word of everything
you say.

PLT Yeah, I 'm having trouble everyday.

CDR There you go.

_-- PLT This - I have trouble getting a comn

carrier to snug up around the front.
So you want to rotate back on the
back of my head and move it around.
Okay, heater s_ritch off light is off
and I have thruster ... light. 192
READY light is on, going to CHECK.
192 switch off light is off. Delta
temp and overtemp has been checked
and to give the pre-operation con-
figuration pad. We're already in
assi_-ment here in the pre-operation
configuratio n TAPE RECORDER, ON, READY
on. 192 ON. READY out. CHECK. DOOR,
OPEN. 91 ON. It's a READY on, COOLER
ON and DOOR is OPEN. 90 - 190 ON,
accept it. Let's see, RAD to STANDBY,
out, ALTIME'I'_H, OFF, READY out. 19h
ON, READY on, and the malf light is
out. ANd I anticipate getting a
mR1 f light on camera 3 and 5 during
190 operations. And, Jer, at 16:06 -
on the hour plus 6 seconds I'll
need a VTS AUTO CAL.

CDR Okay, good.

025 16 58 09 CDR My first data is - is so we'll have

plenty of time ....
Dump Tape 025-05
Page ii of 28

025 16 58 17 CDR 0006,huh?

PLT Yeah, it'd - that's what it is -


CDR Okay.

PLT Okay, now we're operating on the pad.

Think we'll get through this one
nice and clear, yeah,

PLT 1 minute to AUTO CAL.

CDR Okay.

PLT Okay, stand by, Jet.

CDR Okay.

PLT Coming up on EREP START on my mark.

025 17 O0 O0 PLT MARK. EREP START. Stand by for VTS

AUTO CAL. 4, 5.

_025 17 00 06 PLT MARK.


PLT ... 194 MDDE, MANUAL and it's SCAT

to STANDBY. At 46 we're waiting.

CDR You're gonna be busy?

PLT Not real.

CDR You want to take a look here? This

is really - really an interesting
pattern on here. Yeah, it's still

PLT Yeah.

CDR I don't know what that is. I can't

figure it out either. It's really
pretty, though.

PLT Yeah.
Dump Tape 025-05
Page 12 of 28

025 17 00 43 CDR It's not iike it used _0 be. Before

it was Just black and white, but now
there's all sorts of colors in there.

PLT I wonder if that's like you're looking

sort of getting a defraction effect off
the edge of the lens or something.

CDR Must he something like that. Really

: quite pretty. Dots like stars, and
pink and green and orange - -

_• PLT Would it be refraction?

CDR - - and gold.

_ 025 17 O1 17 CDR I think I'll just take a little DAC

pictureof that. I - I thinkthe
DAC will get this.

PLT Yeah, you got to burn up ten frames


CDR Yeah, l0 seconds' worth. Just took

fiveframesof the - This is the
CDR, VTS operator. I Just took
5 frames on the DAC of my l0 seconds
of my initial DAC film of the de-
fraction or refraction, or whatever
the pattern is, that we see in the
VTS just prior to sunrise - or
whatever it is. But it - it's quite
pretty. It's a lot of stripes and
dots of colors, and quite pretty.

PLT Standing by for 02:46 for a READY

light on 191. Stand by.

_025 17 02 45 PLT MARK. You've got it at 24; then

going to REFERENCE 6. Waiting for

CDR Okay. Now the - the pink in the stripes,

the pink and the gold and green, is
beginning to shift into a blue. Guess
that means we're about to lose it in
the ground or *** as the case may be.
Dump Tape 025-05
Page 13 of 28

PLT Coming up on 03:50. STANDBY.

025 17 03 50 PLT MARK. SCA_, ON and RAD, ON at 03:50.

CDR Okay, at 0B:51 we've started a Nadir

swath, with no DAC and no DATA. I
still have that pattern in the VTS.
Haven't lost it yet.

PLT 8 to ...

025 17 05 20 PLT Okay, I'm getting a RAD/SCAT GIMBAL

flashing, intermittent.

PLT And it Just flashed again; that was

at 05:50. That was a RAD/SCAT GIMBAL
light .... Standing by for 08.
See another flash at 6:20 on the

PLT Got another flash at 6:50.

025 17 07 33 CC Skylab, this is Houston. AOS Goldstone.

CDR Hello, Bruce.

PLT Reading you 5 square, Bruce.

CC Roger.

PLT Okay, coming up on 08 minutes. RAD/

SCAT GIBMAL is at 07:51. Light flashed
again. Okay, stand by.

025 17 08 00 PLT MARK. SCAT to STANDBY and RAD to

CONTIGUOUS and polarization, 1.
minus 30 degrees. Waiting for 08:25.
Stand by.


METER, ON and ALTIMmqf_.'Ris going to
STANDBY. Now waiting for 10:30.

CDR Lots of snow on Vancouver.

PLT Get a good picture?

f_ DumpTape025-05 ....

! - " CDR Yea}:. - ............

PLT It was clobbered in the other day when

: I had- -

025 17 08 21 SPT The SPT_ S063 information. We're

starting visible CX_3, frames 59 and
BV ... 49 at :frame ...

PLT Okay, he's going to monitor from the

. ground, i,ve been getting an inter-
mittent single flash here in the RAD/
SCAT GIMBAL light about every minute
or minute and a half.

PLT l0 minutes.

CDR Okay. As Bruce said the weather is

clearing up.

PLT ... Standing by for 10:30.

025 17 i0 30 PLT MARK. POLARIZATION is 4 on the 193.

025 17 i0 52 S1_f The SPT at - coming up on the tenth

frame of both cameras. And I'll start
tracking now and give you a mark.
• .. your frame number i; I'll use the
same exposures when we actually start.

CDR There goes that rare Jungle bird again.

The nicotine parrot. Hack, hack.

SP_ Hack, hack.

CDR (Laughter)

PLT Caution: S063 may be dangerous to

your health.

025 17 ll 39 SPT Okay, both cameras are working well.

That was 16 seconds and filter 2700.

. PLT Coming up on 12 minutes even. Every-

: thing looking good. Got a nice steady
: _ green light on TAPE MOTION.
_ :
Dump Tape 025-05
_ ?age 15 of 28

CDR Solid clouds

PLT Stand by. On _Qymark, it'll be 12:30.

025 17 12 29 PLT MARK. SCAT, STANDBY.

025 17 12 31 PLT MARK. RAD to STANDBY. Stand by for h2.

025 17 12 hl PLT MARK. RADIOMETER, ON at h2, 12:42,

that is.

CDR Okay, we got cloud bres/_ups and

Minneapolis is in view. Minneapolis -
St. Paul.

SPT Boy, this haze filter certainly does

a great Job in picking up the land -
separation from the clouds here where
it's ... broken.

PLT Stand by for 13:20.

CDR Okay. 0 Just burnt up my I0 seconds

of DAC time of Minneapolis-St. Paul.

025 17 13 21 PLT Polar - POLARIZATION 1 on 193. And

standing by for 13:53.

PLT And coming up on 13:50.

CDR Well, as I live and breathe, there's

a great big lake up here.


025 17 13 53 PLT MARK. 13:53, 190 MODE, AUTO;

READY light is on.

CDR Don't suppose it's Lake Michigan - -

PLT 14:i0, 192 MODE will ge going to


SPT Houston, SPT.

PLT ... 14:i0. STAND BY -

025 17 14 i0 PLT MARK. 192 MODE to READY. All

righty. Let's see here; yes, I've
Dump Tape 025-05
Page 16 of 28

gotta have a good i - READY light -

or TAPE MOTION light. MALF lights
on 3 and 5, which is what I expected
on 190.

025 17 lh 20 CDR Okay. Houston, I'm gonna give you

some data on effluence 14 along the
Chicago side of the lake, and then
I will swing up and do my regular
site work. Okay.

SPT Houston, SPT.

025 17 14 33 CC Okay, Ed. Stand by for some desat

firings. You're about 90 percent.
Go ahead.


SPT S063 refers to frame pairs. Does

that mean on the same point? Usually
that's specified differently, but
the thought occurred to me that - -

PLT Stand by - -

SPT - - may be what they're after here.

PLT - - 14:50.

SPT So these fr,m_ pairs ... - -

025 17 14 50 PLT MARK. RAD, STANDBY. Waiting for

15 minutes even - -

CC That's affirmative, Ed; on the same


SPT Okay.

PLT Stand by -

025 17 15 00 FLT MARK. 15 minutes even. ALTIMETER,

ON. Waiting for 15:06. STAND BY -

025 17 15 06 PLT MARK. 90 SH_'I_R SPEED to MEDIUM.

Waiting for 16:24. And I'm getting
DumpTape025-05 r
l_a_ 17 of 28

the fla - th e flickering on the TAPE

And I have an ALTIMETER, UNLOCK at

PLT Okay, 192 is running. Okay, I'm

getting a slight disappearance
of TAPE MOTION Light intermittently.

CDR Okay. Looking for the Wabash Va]] ey


025 17 15 43 PLT ALTIMETER, LTNLOCK's okay. Now I've

lost my HEADY light. I'm going OFF
for 15 seconds on ALTIMETER.

CDR Okay, I have a large river here;

I think that's probably the Wabash.

SPT ... wide open.

PLT 16:2)4. Okay, coming back ON with

light'slookingsickerthan it's
been in a long time. Waiting for
16:24. 16:24 -

025 17 16 21 SPT Starting to track.

025 17 16 22 PLT MARK. 78 on the RANGE. Standing by

for 16:30.

025 17 16 30 FLT MARK. ALTIMETER going to STANDBY and

MODE to 3.

025 17 16 33 SPT Hack.

PLT 16 :h5. Stand by.

CDR Okay. I got the alternate, the

Wabash Va]] ey, and tracked it
to ... - -

025 17 16 45 PLT MARK, ALTIMETER, ON. Waiting for


025 17 16 49 SPT Hack.

Dump Tape 025-05
Page 18 of 28

1025 17 16 5_ PLT Okay, l've lost my TAPE MDTION light.

There it is - it's still flickering.
It's Just sort of ... there. It's
off about as much as it's on; that's
the TAPE MOTION light.

CDR Okay, starting the nadir swath.

PLT Let's see 190 READY light . .. go

ON. And everything's looking
good. Waiting for 18:24.

CDR Starting the first track on number 3.

SPT Hack.

025 17 17 40 PLT ALTI_I'ER is l_oking cold. Let's

see at 17:40 I got the UNLOCK.
Still have a READY light.

CDR There you can see a little

peak of the Appalachians, and now
we're in solid overcast.

PLT Still have a READY Light. ALTIMETER


CDR Solid overcast.

PLT 18:24.

PLT Still have an ALTImeteR UNLOCK. Still

have a READY light. Stand by on
Mark 18:2_.

025 17 18 24 PLT MARK. RANGE to to 75 and at

30 - Stnad by -

025 17 18 Z0 PLT MARK. ALTIMETER to STANDBY. At 36

192 MODE to STANDBY. 192 ~

025 17 18 38 PLT MARK. 192 MODE to STANDBY. Got

a ... and I got a steady green light.

025 17 18 43 PLT 43, ALTI_TER MODE to 5.

Dump Tape 025-05
Page 19 of 28

CDR Okay .... for track.

PLT ... ON. Okay. We're gonna check it

all. Okay. I got an ALTIMETER UNLOCK
light. READY light still on. Next
event is a 20:30.

CDR And back under the clouds again.

025 17 19 13 SPT HACK. This about your second plate?

PLT The flickering of the TAPE MOTION LIGHT

has stopped.

CDR Back to blue water. No indications

of current or blooming.

SPT Third sequence coming up on - 7 - 7 and 8.

PLT The ALTIMETER is really doing it

thing now. No UNLOCK Light ....
quite a way to get it to come on
isn't it?

SFf I am now moving our exposures ...

down to 20 because there's not
sufficient time on the track. Make
it 16 hacks.

PLT Okay I need a - at 21:30 I am going

to need an AUTO CAL, Jer.

CDR Okay.

PLT I'll give you a call. That's a little

over a minute away.

CDR Hight, Stand by -

025 17 20 23 CDR MARK. DACs OFF. That's the end of

the nadir swath. No visual indications
of the gulf stream at all.

PLT 0kay, IR REFERENCE 2 ....

CDR Cold waters.

Dump Tape 025-05
Page 20 of 28

PLT Waiting for 21:30.

SPT That was frame 7 and 8. We're gonna

give you a couple more here.

PLT Well, everything' s looking pretty

good up to right now. Okay, Just got
an ALTIMETER UNLOCK light .... 08.

SPT I 'm gonna put this down a little bit

further yet. READY light's still ON.
You got a AUTO CELl at 21:30, Jet.

CDR Okay, I'll give it to you. We went

down to 20 on the Se - -

PLT ALTI_TER light. READY Light's still


CDR - - second exposure. Okay, Jer,

five seconds.

CDR Okay.

PLT On my mark.

025 17 21 30 PLT MARK.

CDR Got it.

PLT Okay, thank you. Waiting for 22:05.

Okay, the READY light's out, 21:91.
Still have an UNLOCK light on 193

CDR Tracking.

PLT But I still have the READY light ON.

025 17 21 _3 CDR HACK.

PLT ... the READY light is 45; turning

it off in 15 seconds. So stand by.
Wait for 22:05. Stand by anyway.

025 17 22 05 PLT FRAMES to 71, 22:05. And I'll turn

it back on at 20.
Dn_p Tape 025-05
Page 21 of 28

SP2 Okay, we're not giving you a second

exposure on this one. Sequence.
Stand by -


SPT Okay, we'll pick up with another

double set here.

PLT Okay 22:30, I should have a READY

out on 190. There it goes. MODE
to STANDBY. 22:30, 190 MODE to
SINGLE. A ww, 23:30. Hack. Got
an extra one.

SPT Hack.

CDR That's a terrible cough you've

got, Ed. You've got kind of a
wheeze there too.

PLT Waiting for 23:30.

SPT Okay we are Just able to do it when

I move that down to 20. Surprised
that wasn't picked up before.
Go with another sequence.

025 17 23 30 PLT MARK, 23:30 SINGLE. And waiting

for 24 :i0 and the READY on 196.

SPT Hack.

PLT Okay, we got it. 24:08 we got it.

Okay, 24:45.

025 17 24 08 SPT Just finished it. Okay, I'll

give you some more in here.

025 17 24 19 PLT UNLOCK light at - ALTIMETER UNLOCK

light at 24:19, and standing by
for 24:45.

025 17 24 37 SPY Hack.

025 17 24 45 PLT MARK. 190 MODE SINGLE.

Dump Tape 025-05
Page 22 of 28

SPT Hack.

CC Skylab, this is Houston. l-l/2 minutes

to LOS. Next station contact in
ten minutes and we leave to hack
your way on toward Ascension. Ex-
pect you to arrive there at 17:35.


locked at 25:15. OFF for 15 seconds.

SPT Fourth set of extras for S063. Coming


025 17 25 B2 PLT MARK. Back on. RANGE - Okay, I see 25:50.

I'll wait for that. Okay we got
an UNLOCK light almost i_aedlately.

025 17 25 40 SPY HACK.

PLT 25 :50. Stand bY -

025 17 25 50 PLT MARK. ALTIM2:!'_:Hto stand by. RANGE

67. At 26:06, we'll turn the

025 17 25 58 SPT HACK. End of the first exposure.

Picking up on second.


025 17 26 05 PLT MARK at 26:05, ALTIMETER ON. And the

UNLOCK light is flickering. Still
have a HEADY light. Stand by -

025 17 26 15 PLT MARK. MODE to SINGLE on the 190

at 20:16.

SPT 26:30. Picking up on your frame

nu_mber 9 after four extra sets and one
extra exposure in there.

PLT I'm not hearing those single_ come

off of there, so I turned the POWER - -

SPT ... 15. I get a MALF light again.

Next one's 27:15.

p_ 23 of (_q5-05
Ta!_e 28

o251727i5 PTT roDE Okay,Z gota

MALF light on FILM ADVANCE on 5. So
may be, we've cured the problem on
3. I cycled the POWER on 190 OFF
in between 2 SINGLE EXPOSURES there
at 26:15 and 2T:15.

PLT Waiting for 28:30. Okay I'm going


025 17 27 20 SPT HACK. Frame 9.

CDR Got another SINGLE. I'll listen for

it here for you.

PLT Okay, I got - I have one at 28:30.

CDR Okay.

025 17 27 58 PLT Okay. ALTIMETER back ON.

025 17 28 05 PLT Got the UNLOCK light at 28:05.

025 17 28 07 SPT HACK. That was 3 seconds late.

PLT Okay, light's staying on this time.

28:30. Okay, I'm going to hit a
S_NGLE here in - -

SPT Going with frame Ii.

PLT - - ten seconds. Stand by -

025 17 28 29 PLT MARK.

CDR Yeah, it's doing it.

PLT Okay I guess it's just this headset.

SPT It says that if I leave my watch

on I could get it caught in hte
tracking gear and I'll get my
arms locked in here and I can't
move it. Okay picking up now
on frame ll.

025 17 29 09 SPT HACK.

Dump Tape 025-05
Page 24 of 28


early. I Just got - just lost
the READY light. That was at
29:1_. Okay, RANGE 64. And a
29:35 ALTIMETER will be coming
back ON.

025 17 29 32 SPT HACK.

PLT Stand by -

025 17 29 35 PLT MARK. 29:35, ALTIMETER ON. 29:45, 190


SPT Frames ii and 12 picking up

on 13.

PLT Stand by -

025 17 29 45 PLT MARK. 29:45, 190 MODE to SINGLE.

Waiting for 30:45. Where are we
-- rightnow, Jer? Where are we?

CDR ...


Still have a READY light on ALTIMETER.

SPT Okay, we got a visual without the

UV on that one, for some reason the -
it did not trip on us.

025 17 30 h5 PLT MARK. SINGLE.

sFr We'll get another visual going back.

We got 2 extra visuals on here. There are
visibles on 13 and 14. Try it all over
again. Works too well and one doesn't
work at a]1.

PLT Okay, I've lost my READY light on


SPT There goes another visual and we

have not getting any UVs going.
Dump Tape 025-05
Page 25 of 28

PLT Waiting for 31:30.

025 17 31 29 PLT MARK, ALTIMR_ER back ON. Got a READY


SP_ ... did not trip on us for some reason.

PLT 31 :50.

SPT Is that right?

PLT Stand by -

025 17 31 50 PLT MARK 194 MODE MANUAL.

SPT I think our timer's Just gave up

the ghost.

025 17 32 00 PLT MARK. SINGLE. 32:54. Okay, I got an

ALTIMETER UNLOCK light, but I still
have a READY light. MALF light
blinkingon 194. Waitingfor

SPT Okay, w_ don't get any frames 13 and 14

on this. Looks like our timer - -

025 17 32 32 PLT READY light on the ALTIMETER going to

STANDBY early.

025 17 32 36 PLT And EREP going to STOP. Right. Now,

let's see it - try to get an extra
ten seconds.

SPT That may do you some good. Will not

work with these ... push button ...

PLT Okay, 93's back on again.

SPT ... without tripping the lever.

PLT ... 25_. Get a few second's data there.


025 17 32 56 PLT EREP STOP.

Dump Tape 025-05
Page 26 of 28

CDR ... You know that was pretty good.

PLT Rog.

SPT Let me give a few points here. One is -

in tracking it took a little time to
figure out that I cannot bring my arm
into the top to change the - to change
the UV filter because I would manage
to get my arm trapped in the tracking
gears, so I could not get it out.
Oh, boy!

PLT Bravo 7 is reading 34.

CDR Okay, our X-rates are wallowing all

over the place from point 1 down to
point 4, it's supposed to be point 7.

SPT Jer, you're Juat probably getting the

OUTER GIMBAL drive logic working
first,and then it willkick in
once you get the - -

PLT Yeah, that got me one day; I thought

I was going all over the sky

SPT Okay, we did manage, on the first

steps, that is, 1 through 8 we
got - -

025 17 34 25 PLT DOOR CLOSEd.

SPT - - and then we gave ... of - -

PLT Close and latch 191 to cover. I

did that. RECORDING's OFF.

PLT Yeah.

SPT Yeah. Sure do. Okay. Okay, let

me try to go back over this. First
of all, in the tracking, the first
two, the last exposures were - there
were not enough time in order to make
both exposures for the _ength of
Dump Tape 025-05
Page 27 of 28

travel that we had. First one of

course, there was more difficulty
than that because I managed to
get my arm trapped in the tracking
gear, as I had it held down in
there in order to get the UV
filters changed from 27 to 32,
zero, zero.

PLT ... Jer.

025 17 35 30 SPT We did, however, I managed to get

four extra sets in the first one,
one extra one which was strictly -
we did not get the second trip,
we got too far up and I realize
that we didn't take the second
exposure and that was - real time
recording yo_'ll have to pick up
exactly which one that one was.

CC Skyalh, this is Houston through

Ascension for 4-1/2 minutes. Out.

SPT And lastly, on frames 13 and 14 -

our timer malfunctioned, that is,
probably the battery gave out
and we did not pick up the last two
exposures there, but we did get
overall - a net gain of six. So,
we'll have to check out the battery
timer - the timer battery.

CC ...

SPT Micro switch nor the push button on

the timer would make it function.

CC . .. Okay, READJUST . ..

SPT What I did after the first two

exposures was to move the -
setting down to 20, in order to
make the length of travel work.
It turnedout on the firsttwo that
when I was taking the 8 second ex-
posure, I would run into STOP
Dump Tape 025-05
page 28 of 28

before the exposure was complete.

And I am wondering how in the
heck something like this could
get byona pad.

CC Okay ... 15 degrees counterclockwise.

SPT However, you did get - I think some

fairly good sets in there of - of
tracking. Stand by and I'll give
you the FRAME COUNT.

CC ...

025 17 37 39 SPT Ahh, no wonder we have flat depleted

the film. We're down to zero, that's
why the timer did not function.
Okay, so we got most we could out
of this film cassette. I didn't
have time to check it when I
was running. Okay, so on BD-49
we stopped them all. Now reading
zero. On the visible we're now
reading 44.

025 17 38 22 SPT SPT out.


025 17 46 46 SPT It's 17:46. Additional information

for S063. In order to keep the
whole system rigid, I had to tape
the - or use ... tape in order
to hold the camera rigid to
the holding frame. And I
think this gave you a little
bit better resolution than you
might have had previously with
the camera wiggle in there.

025 17 47 15 SPT SPT out.

,/_ Dump Tape 025-06
Time: 025:18:35 to 025:20:08
Page I of 3

025 18 35 hh PLT PLT, time is 18:35, recording and re-

porting the start of battery charge
on battery number 7, ASMU.

025 18 35 5h PLT PLT out.


025 19 20 5h SPT SPT at 19:20, M092. Okay, today

was not a very sterling run. Had
to terminate with around 30 seconds
remaining in the last stage.
Attribute it mostly to being Just
extremely over-tired. The past
few nights or so I haven't gotten
anywhere near enough sleep. So
I've got to get rested up again
jF snd I'ii be - lookingback to normal.
NO other circumstances that I can
see that would influeDce it. You
know, as the heart rate went up -
in the second stage, that's h0-milli-
meters. There towards the end I
was trying to adjust the waist
seal which was giving me quite
a bit of oroblem. And also it
was %oward the end of the 50-milli-
meter run there was also - there
was a problem with the waist seal
which I tried to adjust.

025 19 22 00 SPT SPT out.


025 19 32 35 CDR This is the CDT at 19:32 Zulu, debriefing

the 18:45 ATM pass. The J0P 6
building block 28 got started a
little b_ late on the 55 exposures
mainly because of the old grating
problem. When I got here, the
GRATINGwas sittingat h00 and

Dtunp Tape 025-06

Page 2 of 3

something, so X sent it scampering

off towards 0000, but I didn't
put the switch in REFERENCE. I
left it in au - GRATING, AUTO SCAN
and whistled right through zero.
Caught it about 20 or so had to
turn it loose again, And that got
me a little bit behind, but since
I was following it with observing
time I it d_dn't hurt too much and
got all the data. Then I got into
my observing time and Just, essentially,
did a sweep around the limb and looked
for surges and prominences and
located the prominence 85. It's
beginning to look a little peaked.
And noticed a surge of activity
down at about 130 on the limb.
Appears to be well south of active
z region33, but in the XUV MON, it's
in the - in the bright area that's
going around the' corner. You know,
the - the bright fireSthat's on the -
the southeast - correction, southwest
limb there, w_ere active 30 - active
region 33 is going over the hill.
The very southernmost end of that
is where this little surge is located.

025 19 3h 17 CDR That was the last one I noticed, but

_Idn't really have much time to do
anything with it since my JOP 2 Delta
time was rushing upon me. I noticed
another small surge up at about 310
on the limb, add I suspect that
probably is connected with filament
number 88. The XUV M0N is getting
more and more uninteresting. About
the only good thing you can say about
it today is it's sure got some deep
coronal holes, and that's Just about
it. There's been no significant change
or the XUV M0_ since the pictures
were taken this morning by the SPT,
f_ and so that'saboutit.

025 19 35 07 CDR CDR out.

Dump Tape 025-06
Page 3 of 3


025 20 03 59 PLT This is th_ PLT _t 20:03, reporting

M092 particulars on SPT. Start time
was 18:30. 14-i/2 and ih-1/4 on the
- the measurements. The leg hands
were Char] ie Juli ett and Alfa Quebec.
The stop time was 19:15. And, let's
see, I think those are all the numbers
that I owe you on that.

025 20 05 05 PLT PLT. Correction on the calf measure-

ment on the SPT was 13-1/2 and 13-1/4,
_eft leg _id right leg respectively.
And once again, the leg bands
Charlie Juliett _ud Alpha Quebec.

025 20 05 58 PLT And the PLT recording M171 data

on SPT. CAL N2, 02, C02 was 884;
CAL N2, H_), 1155; CABIN AIR pressure,
• I
5 59 ; PERCENT 02, 6623; PERCENT H20 ,

2.36; PERCENT C02, 2.12; VITAL

CAPACITY, 5.670, 5.529, 5.637.
Commenting on the CAL N2, 02, C02,
I either had a switch out of configu-
ration. I got all bent out of •shape
setting u F the run, and I left the
recorders _unnin_, so - normally,
it only t_kes about 4 or 5 minutes
to transition. And anyway, that
explains that, _nd I - I am at a loss
to explain t_he CAL N2, 02, C02
pressure at 884. I thought it should
have been slightly higher than that,
but I went back and obtained what I
thought was a - a - a - the original
configuration _d started all over
again. You may be able to determine
an error F_'om tape. I don't know.
HOwever, that exp - that - I wanted
to offer that information, because I
thoughtthe - the pressurethere was
just a little bit low on the CAL N2,

02, C02 .

025 19 07 28 PLT PLT out. A_idI will be giving the -

the other thr_e measurements later.
Dump Tape 025-07
Time: 025:20:32 to 025:21:51 GMT
Page 1 of 9

025 20 32 06 SPT ... 23:32 _H71. There was a crisis

point ther where the - the ... blood
pressure was close to zero. And I
can figure no ... reason for that.
When we started the ... cycle and I
tried to hold the arm loose and not
tense the muszles or ... and some
of the times you got a good pulse -
l_ise pressure and some of the times,
the diastotic was down to 5 or 7.
The cable coming from the cuff was
sometimes hounoiyn which I tried to
keep. The result of the ... without
moving - moving any muscles on it.
And I'm not sure what the difficulty
was. I ranged from i00 to normal ...

025 20 32 59 SPT SPT out.

025 20 33 07 PLT This is the PLT recording at least
three perameters on the M171 run.
PERCENT 02 is 65.15, H20, 3.60 and

PERC_T C02, 2.21 at completion run.

025 20 33 23 FLT PLT out.


025 20 42 38 PLT This is the PLT recording handheld

photographs, HH59. Frames h3 through
41 on Charlie X-ray h3. That's in
the Nikon. These were eloseups with
the 300-millimeter lens of the
Galapagos. The - the island were
not cloud free but the craters were
reasonably cloud free, And there
was a very interest{ng wake - island
wake in the water and waves - obvious
wave pattern. Also cloud - island
generated cloud streets.. And those
in the Hasselblad, Charlie X-ray 18.
zf And they wre takenat 20:38 approximately.
Dump Tape 025-07
Page 2 of 9

025 20 41 47 PLT PLT out.


025 21 05 27 CDR This is the CDR at 21:05 dubrief -

debriefing the 20:10 Zulu ATM pass
which was fraught with problems.
Coming aroung the ... at sunrise,
I got all setup for building block 32.
Let's see not. Right. And got nothing
Wait a minute now, I think - well,
I went ahead and did building block 32
without even knowin_ I didn't have
H-ALPHA i. What had happen is
apparently H-ALPHA 1 door did not
open or only opened part way or
f- something. And I gallopedinto
business and did building block 32
without even realizing that had no
H-ALPHA 1 because I was working with

025 21 06 25 CDR That's the reason why. Okay. I

finished building block 2 and 32 I
should say. Job 6 building blocd 2 -
32 an_ moved on to JOP 2 Charlie,
building block 23. And when I
selected H-ALPHA 1 in order to get
the pointing, low and behold no
video. I looked up and the flag was
white, indicated the door was some-
where in transit an d there was no
operate light for the H-ALPHA I.
So I hit the goor switch to open and
nothing happen except some H-alpha
frames remaining decremented one so
I went to the, switch selectors and
inhibited the motors on H-ALPHA 1
and then enabled them again and got
H-ALPHA 1 operating in auto and the
operate light was on but I still had
a gray flag_

025 21 07 28 CDR And about that time was when the

gro_und came up and I told them my

Dump Tape 025-07

Page 3 of 9

problems and they said telemetry

s@id the door wasn't opened and
I threw the switch; it opened the
door and everything was eopacetie.

025 21 07 37 CDR I had H-ALPHA i but I had lost some

time there so S055 in building 20 -
building block 23 only got about
2-5/6 of their data. I don't know
•.. I say 5/6. Anyway, the first
MIRROR 3 RASTER, I gave you two
of them; the second MIRROR 3 RASTER,
you got two of them; the third
MIRROR 3 RASTER, you got one and I
finally had to give up and terminate
on line 52 of the second MAR of
that one.

025 21 08 13 CDR And S056, you guys were hosed by

multi-hangups as best I can tell.
The first PATROL, NORMAL, it h_mgup
in FILTER ! as best I could tell
and then finally about 7 minutes
later, I - I woke up and realiz_d
that it - it was supposed to have
stopped and I looked up and it was
still sitting on FILTER 1. So I
recycled it and got it running and
we get the PATROL, NORMAL and the
PATROL lost and I got 3 minutes
through the second PATROL, NORMAL
before we truncate_ due to 400K
time. And so your SINGLE FRAME nor
a LONG didn't even get done.

025 21 08 59 CDR Now we are powered down for unattended

and because I was running a little
bit behind, I turned off DETECTOR 1
like a dummy and it -the GRATING
skated righ through zero on me so
I am now ~ it's after dar,. I'm in
the night inter - INTE_T_OCK/ OVERRIDE
position. I've got us in MECHANICAL
REF 0000 now. And I will step it
up to 104 and put the MECHABICAL
Dump Tape 025-07
Page 4 of 9

and that sho_d set you folks up for

your unattended operation. I
left it pointed at teh active
region 33 at the limb where I did
build block 2_ and so now it's all
your s.

025 21 09 37 CDB CDR out.


025 21 40 27 CDR Okay, I'm ready. Let me - -

PLT Hey, that's not - yeah, that's it

there. The white - it's the white.
It's the - -

CDR This is?

PLT yeah.

CDR All right.

PLT Now, move in .... hard of hearing ...

CDR Okay, the \_R's running, Bill.

PLT Okay.

PLT All right. The 197 is ...

PLT Are you ready, Jet?

CDR REady.

025 21 40 55 PLT Go.

CDR We Just finished Earth resources

_urvey pass just a few minutes ago,
and I thought I'd take this opportunity
th show you solne of the Earth resources
equipment that we use on these passes.
Now, what I'm dQing at the moment is
Dump Tape 025-07
Page 5 of 9

unloading the magazines from the

multispectral camera and stowing
these magazines for use at the next
EREP pass which will probably be
tomorrow sometime.

PLT Hold on, Jer ... go.

025 21 42 03 CDR l'm swinging the multispectral

cameras backt to the stowage
position so tha I can show you what
the cameras look like. Now the - the
cameras take pictures of the Earth
two different wave lengths. One
is in the visible wavelength which
is this row of cameras of here. And
then we have the IR cameras, the
intra - infrared cameras that take
pictures_n _ wavelengththat can-
not be secn by the eye.

PLT ... Okay, we're setting up ...

025 21 42 51 CDR But we also have several others

_ensors in the Skylab, program,
suh as electronic scanners that
can see wavelengths that even our
multispectral cameras can't see.
We also have scanners in different
wavelengths with microwave sensors
in order to be able to even see
through the clouds. Now, Earth
resources needs all different kinds
of wavelengths and each wavelength
kinda has it's own purpose. The
visible wavelength - -

PLT Hey, Jer. .,. move back out and

get ,..

CDR Okay.

PLT Start over on the C*D panel and

... tha a_ain.
Dump Tape 025-07
Page 6 of 9

025 21 43 32 CDR All right. We'll just start over

on the C&D oanel then. Skylab has
high resolution electronic scanners
that can record images in wave-
lenghts that even our special
cameras can't record and that is
controlled by this part of the control
panel you see right here. We also
have some microwave sensors controlled
by this part of the control panel
you see right here. We also have
some microwave sensors controlled by
this area down here. And these
microwave sensors can see right
through the clouds. Now the different
wavelengths that we have for Earth
resources evaluation have very
special purposes. The visible wave-
lengths are - are best suited for
geology and mapping purposes. And
the infrared wavelengths are best
for agricultural purposes and the
microwaves give us our best informa-
tion in oceanography and weather.

PLT Moving out. Moving out.

025 21 44 56 CDR Okay?

PLT Okay.

CDR That was a little rough, b_t I think

that's kind of the general idea that
we wazt to Collow, isn't it?

PLT Yeah. Wel], I tell you, that's ...

CDR Well, we've only got one segment


PLT What?

CDR We got tin_, you think, to do it one

more time?

PLT Oh, okya. I think that's probably

the best one.

Dump Tape 025-07

Page 7 of 9

025 21 45 21 CDR Just do it one more time clear through

and then quit for now and Just tell
them we got the first segment done
twice and - a_d we'll get time for the
other two segments later.

SPT Jerry, is this ... southwest _o west?

CDR Northwest. Northwest. Northwest.


PLT Okay, Jer. l'm ready to go.

CDR All right. Get the VTR running.

025 21 47 09 CDR Okay, it's running. And l'm back out

of the way.

PLT I'm crankedin on 190.

CDR Okay.

PLT l'm gonna tr_ moving out. I'ii say



025 21 47 26 CDR Just a little while ago, we finished

%n Earth reasources survey pass and
I thought l'd t_ike this opportunity
to show you some of our Earth
resources equipment. What I'm doing
right new is l'm removing the
magazines from our multispectral
cameras, arid l'm going to stow these
magazines for use in our next Earth
resources pass which will probably
be tomorrow sometime.

PLT Fixing to back out again. Get ready

to go. Go.

025 21 48 i0 CDR What I'm doing now is moving the

array of multispectral cameras back
to their stowage position and the
Dump Tape 025-07
Page 8 of 9

reason why l'm doing it is just to

give you folks a little better
chance to see wht our cameras look
like. Now we take photographs with
these cameras in two wavelengths.
One is done with these last three
cameras in this row here. And
those cameras take pictures in the
visible light that the eye can see.
These three forward cameras here
take pictures in the infrared wave-
lenghts in which thy human eye
cannot see.

PLT ... Okay.

CDR Okay, now ever here on my right, I'd

like to show you the control and
display panel that we use for Earht
resources. You know, we also have
some high resolution electronic
scanters - scanners that can record
data in wavelengths taht even our
multispectral cameras can't see.
And that is these - these two rows
of switches and things right here
that do that. We sAso have microwave
sensors which are controlled by
this area of thy panel down here. And
thes@ microwave sensors can make
it through and see the ground even
through clouds. Now, in Earth
resources, there are several wave-
lengths and -that we look at, and
each kinda has it's own special
purpose. The visible wavelengths
are really best suited for geology
and mapping. And the data we get on
the infrared wavelenghts is really
best suited for agriculture and the
microwaves are used in the photo-most
part in our studies of oceanography
and weather.
Dump Tape 025-07
Page 9 of 9

025 21 50 06 PLT Okay, stop talking. I'll never back

out. Are you through?'

CDR Yes.

PLT ... okay ... okya, killing VTR.

CDR Okay, stopping the VTR.

PLT Oh, boy. Y don't know. You looked


CDR That'll have to do for the first

one. That's segment number 1 complete.

025 21 51 01 CDR And we're out of time so we're going

to need more time for segments 2
and 3.

/ Dump Tape 025-00
Time: 025:23:37 to 025:23:59 G_
Page 1 of

0_5 23 37 54 SPT SPT at 23:Z7, ATM ops which

began at _'olmd 21:h0 or so.
This was when re received a
call that there was a filament
disappearing - or a prominence.
I did not hesr the call, so
I'm not sure exactly what the
call was. But over at about
080 we had ... and all I heard
was "at the r_rtheast limb."
The something came off and
asked me to take a look in that
orbit, and that was my ...
knowledge ... what I had when
I went into it. I looked at
and ... not change at all ...
right do_rn to the details in
what I had seen in the morning,
from memory and also correspoonding
with the picnics which I had
taken this morning. However
I need building block 32 right
away with - or should I say,
shopping list item i. And
then I went over to take a
look at athe limb and saw a
prominence and perhaps the
appearance of a very narrow
spike at around 040, 050
@_xtended off %he limb and maybe
30 are seconds, 25 arc seconds
maybe, and inclined ...
towards the south. I went
back to Sun center, and about
the middle of that orbit I
did another building block,
or I should say shopping list
item i, a quickie. And then
went back over to th_ limb and
gave 55 some MIRROR, AUTO RASTERs
at around 0h0, 050 which
apparently was the wrong q_otation
from wher_ the transient dis-
appeared from. And then after
that ... 52 a STANDA/_D MODE at the
Dump Tape 025-08
Page 2 of 3

very end, and 56 a PATROL SHORT.

•.. problem ... here in the
call that came u_. As I said,
here we have a 6 cycle per
second speed on the ... and
it's really quite loud. You
have to turn it up fairly loud
in order to hear the - the

(_2523 h0 20 CC Skylab, we're a minute to

LOS• The next station's the
Vanguard for your medical
conference in about 22 minutes
at 00:01.

SPT ... working in the experiment

compartmemt Y turned on a
speaker which was right nedt
to my ear ... and turn off
other speakers so that I could
not hear anything ... not -
was not axeare of. So I think .,.
could ... what the original
call was. However, there really
was no ... in ,the WHITE LIGHT
C0RONAGRAPH ... item building
block 7.

025 23 40 58 SPT SPT out.

025 23 50 46 CDR This is the CDR _t 23L50 Zulu

reporting Earthe observations,
handheld photogrphy. Tried to
locate the Orne seamount at
23:hh and had no luck. Could
see nothing that even re -
resembled any sort of a dis-
turbance in t_e water or any
sort of shadows or anything like
that that would indicate the
seamount was there. I did,
however, see a-a cloud pattern
that I thought was rather
intersting and I took a
picture of it. And after a
/_ little more investigation it
became apparent that what I Was
Dump Tape 025-08
Page 3 of 3

seeing was a - a patch of

cirrus ove_ _ some stratocu
that were down close to the
water, and the cirrus was up
pretty high. It made a pretty
strange looking cloud pattern,
a_d I got a Nikon 300 shot of
it. It w_s frame number 39 of
Charlie X-ray 43, taken at
f/5.6 at I/lO00.

025 23 51 45 CDR CDR out.

025 23 55 27 CDR This is t_ CDR at 23:57

Zulu. Our subject is Earth
observati_ns, handheld photography.
This time again it was cloud
formations. There's an area
in the south Pacific here where
we saw a good deal of
stratocumulous with very, very
interesting looking eddy patterns
in them that were just seemed
to be getting started. And the -
the eddied stratocu was bounded by_
what l've called a tortoise
shell stratocu - the - the
cellular stratocu. And then
later over across the top, at
what looked like about a 90 degree
angle, was a thin stream of cirrus.
The wind _]irection for the stratocu
with the eddy forms "looked like
it was about due south. And the
arro - from cloud strike over the
top lookeo like it _as probably
westerly or easterly. It was east -
west and _r!aybe, possible slightly
from the south - south west.

025 23 59 26 CDR CDR out.

_ OF TAP_:
Dump Tape 026-01
Time: 026:00:11 to 026:01:37 _4T
Page 1 of 6

026 O0 ll 36 CDR This is the CDR. The time is 00:ii

and 45 seconds. The subject is $201,
comet photography. And the 201,
the mirror, is extended. We have
a ROTATION of 018.0 in and a TILT
of 23.6. And the comet, of course,
is our target. And we're waiting
for 00:lB to come up, at which time,
the first mark you hear will be
POWER switch, ON; the second mark
will be RESET switch to START, at
13 minutes and 1 second. 1B:00 and
13:O1, and we've got about 35 seconds
to go.

026 00 32 48 CDR Okay. And the POWER switch is gonna

go back OFF again, at 24, so this is
going to be a rather short exposure.
POWER first, START second. Stand by.

026 00 12 59 CDR MARK. POWER,

026 00 13 O0 CDR MARK. START. A white light is flashing.

The whirrer is whirring. Coming up
on 13:24. Stand by.

026 00 13 24 CDR MARK. POWER, OFF. I did not hear

any little hoots. Okay. Our next
exposure is coming up at 15 at a
rotation of 316.6 and we're going 2
point turn - 2 turns counterclockwise
from where we are now. 2.2. l, 2,
.2, and looking for 6.6. There is
6.6 in the ROTATION. The TILT is
going to 19.5. TILT is set. 6.6,
19.5. POWER switch will be coming
on at 15; it's now 14:15, so we've
gog another 45 seconds. The target
is Tango 14, Tango 14. Looks like
the comet got rather short shrift
there. Okay, we're coming up with
15 seconds tO go now. At 15:00 POWER
switch comes ON; at 15:01 and the
RESET goes to START. Stand by.

026 00 14 59 CDR MARK. POWER.

Dump Tape 026-01
Page 2 of 6

026 O0 15 O0 CDR MARK. START. Flash_ing light.

CDR Ah, hear a faint hoot in the


CDR Okay, th - this exposure will be

terminated at 28 minutes and 26 seconds
so I 'm gonna leave the air for awhile.

026 O0 15 h6 CDR CDR out.


026 00 27 04 CDR This is the CDR at - at 00:27 and 10.

I have a little over a minute between
now and termination of exposures on
Tango 14.

CDR OFf,y, the time is coming up now on

O0 :28 even.

026 O0 27 59 CDR MARK. My neXt mark will he RESET

switch to START at 28:26, and at
28:27, it'll be POWER switch, OFF.
That's at 26 and 27. Coming up on
26. Stand by.
026 00 28 26 CDR MARK. START.

026 00 28 27 CDR MARK. PAWER. All right, the next

field is Tango 23. Going for a
ROTATION of 164.6, and that's 5.4
turns counterclockwise, l, 2, 3, 4,
5, .h; and I'm looking for a 4.6.
There it is. Now we have TILT, 08.0.
Okay, ROTATION and TILT are set.
It's coming Up on 29:30 now, so
w_ 've got a minute to go. ROTATION
is XX4.6; TILT is 08.8; the target
is Tango 23. And we're waiting for
00:30 and 30 seconds.

CDR .All right.

Dump Tape 026-01
Page 3 of 6

026 O0 30 00 CDR MARK. 00:30. Waiting for 30 seconds.

The first mark will be 30 with the
POWER switch, The second mark will
be 31 with the START switch - RESET
switch to START. Stand by -

026 00 30 30 CDR MARK. POWER.

026 00 30 31 CDR MARK. START.

CDR Okay. Operation looks normal.

026 00 30 51 CDR I'm going off the light now_ he back

at about 43 even.

026 00 30 51 Duplication within tape.

026 00 31 48

026 00 31 48 SPT SPT at 00:32. M092 .... Okay, on

the run today, I guess I did not
specify to you the exact symptoms
which I experienced before we
terminated the run at 5 minutes
and 30 seconds re - still remaining.
Symptoms were essentially faintness
in the head. And no sweat or no -
no feeling along in the back of
the shoulders; it was strictly a
faintness in the head, and - and
a slight hollowness in the - in the
chest. I'm not too - ... sure how
to described that one; from a choke
down into the -the chest. And
when the faintness got to the
point where I felt it was diver_ng
fairly rapidly is when I hit the
switch. The SPT out on that subject.

026 00 32 43 SPT Next, M133. I did not take the -

I did not do any M133, or do not
plan to do it, because I have taken
a da]mane, which is a - I feel
the effects of that may obscure
some of your data. So I'll pick

f .

Dump Tape 026-01

Page 4 of 6

up the M133 tomorrow night. I

realize we haven't been getting
you very much with me sleeping
up there in the airlock. So
we'll try and pick it up and
schedule it for what you think
you need in terms of data.

026 00 33 23 SPY SPY out.


026 00 41 29 CDR This is the CDR at - at 00:42

and 30. I'm at - terminating
exposure now. The reason is we
started - started into our maneuver
too early. So that first exp
r that exposureon Tango23 was
terminated at 41. 4 - 00:_i and
30 seconds with a RESET switch to

PLT ...

CDR - - and a POWER switch to OFF. Say

again, Bill _.

PLT ..•

CDR Okay. Well, I Just terminated

the exposure.

PLT You asked if I ... couldn't find

it ... said, "The number's 40."

CDR . No.

PLT And - well, it was then when I

told you to look at the pad ...

026 00 h2 37 CDR This is the CDR. This terminates

the S201 operation. And I'll begin
the - let's see, do we have to stow
_P_ it tonight? Negative. No stow
tonight. So we'll retract the
mirror, and we will leave the AMS
and 201 in the vent position.

Dump Tape O26-01

Page 5 of 6

026 00 43 00 CDR CDR out.

026 00 46 02 PLT Okay. PLT here, at 00:46, re-

porting premature activation of
SOLAR INERTIAL. Gave myself -
I thought I'd given myself about
5 minutes of leeway, and - and
left the maneuver and on the
ATM panel boards. And when I
came up here to - I messed up
my times as I came up. Couldn't
find my maneuver pad, and the
boards had _]] been cleaned off
for the - for the evening; and
the maneuver p_d had been cleaned
off in the process. And I looked
at my details and - I shouldn't
have done it, but - but it
said SI maneuver at 00:40, and I
remembered it as 00:45. Against
my better judgement, I hit the SI
switch. And of course, the pad
details were directing me to the
maneuver pad, where the real
maneuver time is. So I screwed that
one up.

026 O0 47 01 PLT I 'm watching the gimbals and every-

thing now. It looks like everything
is all right. I hope I haven't
fouled up your momentum management
on the ground. The maneuver was
4 minutes and 20 seconds early.

026 00 47 13 PLT PLT out.


026 Ol 33 22 CDR This is the CDR at 01:33 Zulu.

SubJet is Earth observations;
hamdheldphotography. At 23:50,
on frame 83, I took piotures and
described to you cirrus up over
the top of stratacu and the
eddie in the strata cu. This is
one rev later, and we now have a

Dump Tape 026-01

Page 6 of 6

good oblique shot looking down

the cirrus. It looks like it's
pretty obviously jet stream cirrus,
and you can see the same strata
cu we were talking about earlier.
A_d the eddies look like they're
a little bit more strongly formed

026 01 33 59 CDR CDR out.

026 01 34 52 CDR This is the CDR again. On jet stream

cirrus and the stratal cu that I
was talking about, I think I can
give you a latlong location ou it,
roughly. And that is a latitude
of 4.0 south, and a longitude of
llO west, is about roughly where
thosetwo are. Both frameswere
taken with the same f-stop -
026 01 35 20 CDR CDR out.

Dump Tape 026-02
Time: 026:02:06 to 026:02:18 @4T
Page i of 2

026 02 06 03 CDR This is the CDR at 03:06 Zulu [sic]

with Earth observations. At 03:03
[sic], while looking -I was looking
out the window down at the Earth,
and I saw a great huge patch of
fires. Looks like the - that they're
located in the area of Nigeria and
Chad, and Cameroun. I would estimate
that the line of the fire is - It
was a long elliptical area of many -
many fires. I would guess that it's
probably 2 to 300 miles long, and
probably 50 to 60 miles wide. And
there were many, many, many fires.
I wish that I'd had a camera with
the right kind of tilm in it. I
think it would have been an excellent
picture. And then off to the south
of these fires, there was an overcast
with many thunderstorms, and many,
many bright fa - flashes of lightening
going Qn at the same time.

026 02 07 12 CDR It was a spectacular night scene;

and I - I presume that the fires we're
looking at are - are flash burnings.
As I remember, as we made our descending
pass this morning through Africa -
On severag occasions we've reported a
lot of smoke in this area and this
morning down around the area of
Stanleyvillei I reported soma peculiar
looking land-use patterns down there;
and some smoke areas indicating
probably flash burning.

026 02 07 47 CDR And I think it's very interesting that

we could see this at night, and it's
so clearly laid out that I think it
would make a terrific picture. I'm
gonna try to get a camera set up for
this thing and try to get it o another
DumpT_pe026-0__ _ ......
Pa_e2 of2

026 02 08 03 CDR CDRout]


026 02 16 24 CDR This is the CDR at 02:16 Zulu,

reporting TV-106 photography.
I took two frames of the samples
tonight. Itlappears that the
frames I took this morning are
not going tolbe any good unless
somebody can ldo some pretty
fancy footwork with that par-
ticular frame in processing. The
light meter On the camera with the
K-1 adapter in, indicates that
we should be shooting at 2.8,
1/250, or 4, 1/250, rather than
2.8, l/B0. So what I did is I -
I did both of those. I used 2.8
at i - 1/250. 1-1/25, I beg your
pardon. 2.81at 1-1/25 and 2.8 at
4. Well, let me try that again:
2.8 at 1-1/25 and 4 - f-stop of
4 - at 1-1/25. And I think that'll
pretty well bracket it; at least
as - according to the - the meter -
the integral meter on the Nikon
number B.

026 02 17 33 CDR CDR out.

Dump Tape 026-03/D-715
Time: 026:12:13 to 020:14:15 GH'I
Page i of

026 12 13 25 SI_I ... is 42911, 33508, 30669.

PRD out or SPT out ...


026 13 08 31 FLT Okay, the FLT. The time is 08:35

and we;re standing by to start $201 ops.
Coming up on 09. Okay, at 09:05, which
is 5 seconds away roughly, the POWER
switch will go ON, and at 6 we switch -

026 13 09 04 PLT MARK. POW}I_ switch, ON.

026 13 09 06 PLT MARK. Switch to START, and we're off and

running. Going.

PLT There it goes; it;s hooting away. Did you

hear the little hoot? Hoot!

PLT Okay, "Waiting for 3:10 - 13:10:22.

Recycle the RESET switch to START.
And a second later, we will change
ROTATION and TILT. Stand by, coming
up on 13:10.

CDE 22 seconds to go.

PLT On my mark, stand by -

020 13 I0 21 PLT MARK. RESET switch is now changing

to _,l on the TILT, And we got 7.1
and we have ROTATION_ should be
reading 2.3.


PLT 2.3 and we're now standing by for

13:11:02 cor_ing up shortly. And
we do not have a RES_f here. I
mean a - 0_ay, it's at 12. Okay,
now I want to go to 358 and you
wantto go to 7.0. Standby -
Dump Tape 026-03/D-715
Page 2 of 4

026 13 ii 01 PLT MA/{K. 35o._- And RESET switch to STAI_T.

And I was about 5 seconds late on that.
No, misreau it. bangit, I hit the RESET
switch to START at 12 seconds.

CDR Well, Just hit it again.

PLT Okay, I'll hit it again at - Okay 13:12:01,

we hit the - 13:12, I'll hit the EESET,
13:12:01, we're going to make another change.
13 and doesn't add a thing to this, you know.
It's really - I don't know why.

PLT Stand by for 13:12 -

026 13 12 00 PLT RES_ ST;L_'Zo Okay, now we want 13:12:01,

we want h.5 and you want 6.5.

_ CDR 6.5,right.

026 13 12 ii PLT MARK. Okay_ we got the ROTATIO_ and TILT.

Waiting for 13:12:27. Stand by -

026 13 12 26 PLT _MARK. REST:T switch - - to 28.

CDR ... 28.

026 13 12 29 PLT _t_RK. 2_.


026 13 12 31 PLT I_RK. PODIA!<,OFF. Okay, Okay, I hit

the RESET to 27 all right. And it was
_oout 29 beeore I hit the RESET sw_tch
to START again and it was about 30 before
I got the P()W_, OFF.

CC Skylab, Houston, we're i minute to LOS.

We'll drop out about 5 minutes an4 purple
team will give you a call at Bermuda.

CREW ...

PLT Okay, to recap that, the following operator

z-- errors were made, At 13:11:12, I hi% the
RESET switcL to START - again. That's -
that's an extra input. An8 at 12:12 I hit
Dump Tape 026-03/D-715
Page 3 of h

the RESET switch to START on time.

13:12:01. .;ot the - the chan_e.
At 27, RESIT switch to START. It
was about 29 before I hit the RESET
switch to START again.

026 13 13 43 PLT And it was about 30 before I got the

POWER switch, OFF. Okay.


026 13 30 25 CDR This ks the CDR at 13:30 Zulu.

Terminate !_09 battery 7 charge
at this tin,e.

026 13 30 33 CDR CDR out.


026 13 53 20 COR This is the CDR at 13:53 Zulu.

The subject is F_rth observation
handheld photography. With the
Hasselblad 100 at 13:41, I got a
picture in she area of Nigera,
Cameroon, and the equatorial
Guinea or extensive slash burning.
This is the area of slash burning
that I indicated last night - but
that I took and I didn't take
a picture but that I was looking out
of the command module window and
noticed a huge area of slash
burning on the nightside pass.
This is the area in the daylight and
you can see from the smoke that the
area is very, very extensive. It's
frame number 90_ Charlie X-ray 18_
it was taken with an f/ll, 1/250.
And at 13:1;7, we started looking for
HH-151 and - Well, I guess that's
the Botswana swamp. And it was
pretty eloudy_ was unable to see
any area that looked like sw_n!and.
Dump Tape 026-03/D-715
Page 4 of

However_ in one clearing in the

clouds, rather large clearing I
saw a lana that was very speckled.
That's all I can say. I can't -
I couldn't really tell; there was
no order to it, no indication that
it might of a have been manmade.
So I got a picture of that and
that's frame number 91, f/ll, 1/250,
with a Hasselblad, Charlie X-ray 18.
The at 13:51, when the clouds cleared,
we took another shot which was
frame 92, same f-stop and I suspect
that this is south of HH-151. But
I figured I would go ahead and get
photographic coverage of that as
long as the clouds were only scattered.

026 13 55 O0 CDR CDR out.


026 14 12 52 SPT SPT at 14:13, A_.i ops orbit whicil began

at 13:20, _fte/ the maneuver back from
the $201 okzervations, Okay, the be - this
orbit, we h_d - for the synoptic purposes
building block i, JOP 6, 82 A received
their two exoposures, i minute, WAYELE_K_H,
LONG. 82A received their WAVhLENCTH, LONG,
I second- I minute, WAVELEKGTH, SHORT,
20 seconds. And we put the information
on the VTR. Building block 32 was
unaccomplished with null bias, pointing
for 55. 5t also operated, but not 54.
And just enough time for some observing
time to tkae a quick look at the Sun and
observe active region 36, which looked
relatively small, only 2000 counts of
oxygen VI. Arch filiment system not
very compact_ not really hot and -
that's - crew took a quick look around
the limb and a couple of very faint
_'- interestin_ features, which l_m gonna
have to ex?lore further on in the day.

026 lh 14 39 SPT SPT out.

Dump Tape 026-04
Time: 026:lh:h8 to 026:16"h3 GMT
_agelof il-- r.... _ j

I ;lY26---l_--h9
hO-SPT ...._PT at lh:hg-with some additions ...........
2 to the last ATM report. The building
.q block 1A, 1B was in the straight
., for - with the 82A appending on 2
.5! exposuresinstead of a roll at
6 l 1080, 1 minute long and 20 seconds
7 I short. Following that was done
8 i_ a building block 32 in which the -
was done at null bias. And now
109 i ending the white light coronagraph
11 display,that turned out to be at
12 a left/right of 50 rather than 60.
13 But I may do the timewe'veused C
14 forobserving.
16 026 lh 50 28 SPT SPT out. -_--
18 0_
22 026 15 35 h2 SPT SPT at 18:35 sic] debriefing the
23 ATM orbitwhichbeganat lh:_9. O
__ Wl
24 Startedthe orbit off with a
25 building block32,Delta's[?] -_
26 X-ray instruments operating. Then -r
27 we've been doing building block
28 i0 in JOP 26 on the west limb, (N
29 grating position of 0000. Started
30 out initially with a false roll m
31 andwe got - hit the wrongroll and m
32 that got - squaredaway on that when "_
33 operating on a roll of - minus 5h00. O
34 And then,I'vebeen ableto do six Z
35 mirror auto rasters. One - number F
36 I was that ofiminus 900 in up/down.
37 A left/right _f minus 270, then we
:38 moved to the right to ... minus,
39 %_nichwas a position of zero and
40 then sort of to the right,to a
41 position of plus 270. Then we moved
42 down to minus!llT0, and remained
43 at a left/right of plus 270, then
44 remained at that up/down again and
45 moved back across at a left - left/right
46 of zero and then a left/right

48 j

Dump_Tape 026-0h
!Page2o_11 [

i .................. of--zer6 and-tKe-n_a- 3_ef'Cl_Yght of

2 minus 270. So the motion went as
3 a U - shaped,beginningat six
4 mirror auto rasterswith 30 arc -
} _026 15 37 23 SPT Before each one of these 54,
2 I got a singleframe of 2 for
o 5 minutes. I chose single frame
10 2 because 5 minutes was the only
11 one of the - number 2 was the only
12 one of the filters which could take
13 a - betteron the ... , anything _
14 lessthan 8 minutes. I would liked _4
]5 to have been able to have taken
uJ _"_ somewiththefilters4 and 5 Z
(ID 17 alternating so that you'd get .4
o_ 18 scmetemperatures in addition to 0_
19 any changes.But apparently 5 b0
-_ 20 minutesis too shortfor that. So
2_ m_ybein filter2 you'llsee _1
22 hopefully, some small changes - O
23 something of significance and long nl
-- 24 exposures evenly spaced. Six of them. --
O 25 The counts were relatively low and
-r 26 oXygen VI, as I saw the raster_ !
u- 27 especially the ones at minus 1170
O 28 in up/down. And if I had more time,
29 then I would probablyhave - do a double -r
O 30 rasterfor eachone of those. If DI
_- 31 I had it to do over again, I'm not m
32 sure Just how! I would handle it. It
SS turns out in this particular case, 0
54 since we don't have to say single Z[-
35 plume but we've got active regions - ,<
36 or act - a single streamer or feature
37 to worry about, but we have both active
33 regionsthere, 33 and 21. So we can't
39 isolate ourselves above either one
40 of them to get the full story of
41 what's happening on the limb. Hope-
_2 fully, you'll have enough strength and -
43 some of those lines to at least
44 outline the features for you.
46 026 15 39 I0 SPT SPT out.
_Dump__Tg.!oe_026 - 04_. • ..........
3 of ii L.......

l SPT Oh, yeah, let me add something

2 to this. Turns out that on the last
3 one where Just 400 K is coming
at aboutline 49 for you, so on the
5 last exposure, last sequence, you're
6 below 400 K for everything,line 50
7 to 60. :
8 !
9 J026 15 39 41 SPT And that's atla pointing of minus
I0 llT0 aud minus 270 and up/do_-n and

1211 left/right.
13 026 15 41 24 SPT This is another addition of this 0_
14 lastATM report.We dida JOP 7 _
15 at the end. And looking at - you .!
un 16 need a limb where active region 34 - .--
< 17
18 excuse me - 33 should be. Anyway _,
__ we've only had counts of around
19 2000 in oxygen VI. We started with --0r
_n 20 mirror line scan without 2 minutes O
21 remaining, r;
22 O
23 026 15 hl 51 SPT SPT out. ._
c_ 24
0 25
u_ 27
0 28 (,,',
29 026 16 24 53 CC Got it, SPT, '.d,this is Neil. It
30 is necessary, you were right in the
31 middle of a a ... __
33 026 16 25 03 PLT Okay, what w have here is a O
34 continuation Of - - Z
36 CO ...
38 SPT Okay.
40 CC Would you res the numbers that I
41 asked you to _.. up oxygen VI, but
42 on that we .._ some reason we're
43 somewhere in the hole, so that they
44 get a higher _ignal in the chromospheric
45 ... eonstiguents, but maybe you'd
46 better ...- - I
47 I
48 SPT We y have a_._mould_you_say_that_ j
again, please'. --
Dump Tape 026-04 _

)26-1-6"-25-i8PLT .... We have a --a-coupie of things to

2 demonstrate regardingbubbles -
3 three bubbles that we'd like to
complete. More or less terminate
our study of bubbles in zero gravity.
I have here a - a bubbleof
7 water which has got a sme]l smount
of ink in it, for dying it, makes
9 it a littlebit easierto see. And
I0 I have two food cans here between
11 which I've stretched some thread.
12 This enablesme to move the bubble
13 srou_d and maneuver it. There are _0
14 tWO thingsthat I'd like to demonstrate.
15 l'd like to demonstratethe shape,the __:
Lu 16 appearance the bubble takes - after :
O 17 it has beenrotated.And I shall --
<__ 18 use the stringsto rotatethis bubble _0
19 - likethis. And then I would like _D
20 to demonstrate the recombination of --
21 two free water droplets. Now what l'm
22 goingto do is turn my hand facing O
N 23 yOU and rotatethe bubbleso that the -_
2- axisof rotationfacesyou or thatyou -_
O 25 would be looking at the wheel edge on
26 as it were. Ed, would you show - Ed, --
u_ 27 would you show VTR, please? Ed, would 09
O 28 you show _R. please? £n
29 -m
0 30 SPT Firstof all Tou've
got - - r_
_- 31 DI
$2 CC ••.
33 O
026 16 26 39 SPT - - you've g ... longer here. r
36 026 16 26 40 PLT Yeah. Yeah, get the thing
37 going before use up tape.
39 PLT What kind of icture are we getting
40 here ?
42 SPT Just forward ,nd essentially one -
43 wait ... - -
45 PLT Well, the thi g is, I - it's
46 probably going to - -
1-- ._7
Dump Tape 026-0h
[P e5ofi1.... ............

i SFI'.... Okay, _l-"we probably _.. ..................

3 PLT I'm going to try to get the thing

7. stable. See, that's what I was afraid
would happen. Okay. Get this turned
_ up again here. No. I'm recording
7 voice. What - what I am here for the
TV people. It takes a while to get
9 the proper configurationso this is
10 Just - these are Just extraneous
11 co_ents. I'm - I had the VTR off to
12 save VZR time. Okay, Ed, would you c

16 aPT _.u_. it back in' please? -i
17 PLT Thank you. All right now, what we -
18 have here is the - the bubbles now _i
19 rotating, the cir - same spherics/ 7;
20 bubble that you saw before, l'm hold- C
21 ing my handbehindit to more or less _:_
22 highlight it. And you can see that it -
23 it assumesa more or lessa peanut
24 shape or a dog-boneshape. What I --
25 would like to do is get this to rotate
26 at a more or less critical speed so that I
27 the - you can see the more or less
28 two teardrop shapes forming here. (D
29 And I'd like to get the two of them
30 to seperate,i0kay,Jer, now let's see if _I
31 this makes a better picture. D1
32 J -I
33 FLT Isthis_uybetter? O
j z
35 PLT Okay, I'm going to put it down here. _<
36 •
37 PLT As the bubble I- as this bubble continues
to rotate, it will more or less maintain
i this position_.

41 J
026 16 29 33 PLT I
What I would like to do is nudge it
42 a little bit, increase the rate of
43 rotation mud see if we can get the
44 bubble to actually separate into two
45 seperate ones.
46 F

47 D26 16 29 42 PLT Now you can see that - it looks like

48 ! ___

I± -
., '.

Dump Tape 026-01_ ....................

page6.of .ll................ L

.......................it that was Just aBout enough to do ...........

2' it there and one more nudge will
" probablydo it. Oh, I'd like for
it to do it on its own. Oh, there
.5 it went. Now I would like to
6 capture the bubble, maneuver them
into position so that they will
recombine. And I will do this by
using the thread. Okay. We have now
_( two bubbles here. And you'll notice
'._ the - Just as a side point, that -
_._ the bubbles will tend to attach them- C
]3 selvesto theithreadand this enables
14 me to maneuverthem into fairlyclose [q
15 position for contact. Okay, that one __
uJ _ didn't want to move. I - I'ii try this I
(5 17 one here. A little bit reluctant --
<'a.. ]2, there to get together. Let's see if
19 I canmove this oneback in now. Now
-J 20 I'd likefor themto touch- I', O
<_ 2? going to blow slightly. Okay, that's - rq
22 this is very interesting because- O
23 see th - theyIdid not go together. -- -q
cz -_ 24 Okay, what i,m - i - i had assumed -{
I 25 now erroneously that they were going _-
-"6 to combine into a single bubble but
u_ Z7 they didn't, iThey bounced off each
O 28 other. This ks, course, interesting £0
e- 29 in itself. Now I'iibringthemback I
O 30 again into el_se proximityand see
_- 3! if we can get Ithem to combine this ._
$2 time. And they're Just a little bit
_3 difficult to get together this O
3_ morning.There,we got themto 1-
35 Join together_. Okay, Ed, you can
36 kill it. Oka#, I want to try it once
3- more - one more take.

c, CC ... way, Just! reached the critical
40 point. I can!see it.
41 t
_2 026 16 32 00 PLT Okay, TV people, I'm going to try
43 one more at this - at the rotaiton and
4_ the recombine%ion.

<_ 'DL-_6_i6 _q _9 I_LT Okay_ would y u turn it on please?

_ ...... ..,_'_r_ _-On- __

D_np Tape 026-04

........ -PLT .... Thank you. _ Okay, now, once again; I .............
have - we now here have the bubbles
_ in rotation. Before it was round and
spherical. Now it's rotatingand
_ because of the centrifugal forces, it's
6 pulled it apart and you can see it
7 looks more or less like a peanut or
_i a dog-bone. Now this - you can see it's
sort of trying to tear itself apart.
10 What I would like to do is not only
_l control the position it, whoops. Okay,
12 kill the VTR,_please. I lost my bubble
13 too. C

15 SC ...
17 PLT Try one more,iJer, and it will get you _
]8 there. _ Co
19 ! _g
20 CDR Don't worry about mine.
21 i o
22 SPT I think you ought to show winding
23 it up, too. That was - that is kind O
24 of an interesting picture. --
25 '-I
26 PLT Okay.
28 SPT Get your bubble at the base there, 0_
29 let us turnit on, and you can wind
30 itup,andthen- m
31 J rtl
32 PLT Now let's seeL We'll put this one "_
33 here. Let'sget one shot of water. O
34 J Z
35 BPT What is the temperatureof the water? r
36 I
37 PLT It has a lot _o do to with it. Oh,
O_ yeah. The bis - the warmer the water
39 is, the more the less drift [?] it
40 has.
42 SC Eeaagh
44 PLT Yeah, it's pretty hard to _age,
4:_ isn't it? Seems like it has a mind of
46 its own. Okay, get the thing under
_v control. Didn't quitehack it.
48 I

_-_ _!_ i
_)ump_Tape_D26-D4 ........
_e 8 9fll ...... ' _ J

' }
_ Didn'tquitehack it.
• {
! PLT Needs to be a reasonable size or you -
"_I course, you can't see the doggone thing.

6 !026 16 36 33 PLT Ah, that's good.

7 i
i026 16 36 39 PLT Okay, try once more. I'll get a stable
positionhere, Jer, and then I'll
!0 turn the VTR on.
11 !
12 PLT Okay,Ed, wouldyou turnthe VTR
13 on again,please?
15 SPT Got it. -_

17 PLT We're continuing the study of the t0

I_ action of bubbles, and water in
19 particular. I have here a device I've --
20 made for handling bubbles in - in free
21 space. All it is is a coupleof food
22 cans with three threads stretchedbetween O
23 them, but this does enableme to man- __
24 euver the bubbles around. They're
25 quite difficult to mix, course, once -_
26 they'refloatin _ freely. This h_bhle
27 contains two small air bubbles. Now what
28 I intend to do - or hope to accomplish, _0
29 that is, aretwo things. I want to -r
SO spin this up _ud watch what happens,at DI
31 what shape the bubble will take after .4
32 it's rotatingIand possibly what the -
33 the bubbleifiit - if it tendsto fly X
34 apart, I'ii be able to determine more or _-
35 lessthe dynamics of the - the
38 bubble at the!point at which it actually
37 separates. Then if it does separate,
38 I would like to recombine the two pieces.
39 So, I'm going to turn my hand facing
40 you- you've made -maybe difficult
41 to see but I'm going to be rotating
42 the bubble with these threads using
43 the surface tension of the bubble. And
44 as I rotate this, the axis of rota-
45 tion will be _acing you and you will
_ be looking as if it were a wheel, you
47 would be looking at the wheel edge on,
43 L { -_
Dump Tape 026-04
_9_ °_f--ll D

_ '- as it were. Okay, I rotated. As I

2 rotated it will assume a - a rather
3 peculiar shape, I think. It has been
4 doing this. And we'll more or less
_,i take a look at it and see what happens.
• i
o i
7 026 16 38 59 PLT Okay, as I withdraw the thread, you
can see that this is more or less
9 elongated.
i0 !
11 026 16 B9 03 PLT And it's assumed a sort of a peanut
12 shape and another thing happens too. C
13 You'ii noticethat the bubble- the _,
14 two bubblesare therehave - are now
15 combinedand they have movedto the _:
16 centerof rotation. Course,the air is --
17 less dense or less massive than the --
18 water and the:- the water displaces
19 it at the outer edge of the rotation. Ot
20 Now I 'mgoingto attemponeother
21 thing. I would like to nudge this V,
22 into a slightly faster rotation. And O
23 see if I canget the peanutor the _
24 hot dog, as it were, to separate into -4
25 two pieces. Now you can see it sort

26 of necking down or narrowing in the

27 middle, more or less an hourglass
28 shape in the middle. There it went (D
29 now I cheateda littlebit there. I -r
30 think I - I used the - the wore - the f_
31 thread itselfto - to cut the peanut. -4
32 Now I would like to maneuver the
33 two bubblestogetherand get them to O
34 Join. I'll do this by using the F
35 threads to - to move them into .<
36 position with each other. The - the
37 threads themselves sort of provide
38 an interesting, dynamic response on
39 the bubble because of the surface
40 tension of the bubble. Okay, now
41 that we're getting them close together,
42 we'll try to Stabilizethe situation
43 a little bit.i See the last one there.
44 Okay, I'll start moving them down a
45 little bit. Okay, we're Just about to get
4:. them together I think. Okay. Now
D_npTape026-0h ........ •
Page i0of ii .... L_

i........... we'lltry it once- o -with ........

2 i set-up. I'ii move the - the bubble
3 i back over and I 'm working actually
4 .i with my food tray in the wardroom.
_ Provides more of a convenientwork space.
6 And we can - we'll start spinningup
7 again. Okay, now you can see that's
it's really necking down the middle,
9 it seems more or less an unstable
10 configuration

12 j026 16 hi 30 PLT The piece's trying to fly apart but

13 the surfacetensionof the water is 0_
14 holdingtogetherand they'refighting F_
_5 eachother,j _,

17 i026
16 41 36 pLT !
And the two differentforces are -L
more or less battlingit out and
19 they're in fairly critical balance _tfi
20 rightnow. What I wouldlike to do C
21 again is try to nudge this without rq
22 being too forcefulaboutit. In fact, ©
23 I'm goingto wait Justa bit - I may m.
24 not - I may not haveto do it. What --
25 I'd llke to do is get them to separate -4_
26 On their own, and therethey go. Okay.
2'7 That's a very - it's very difficult
28 to get them to do that. Quite happy I got Cq
29 that recorded on television. -r
30 m
31 CC -•• -4
33 PLT Onemore recombination
- - O

35 CC ...next station contact is Ascension in -<

36 I0 minutes. We think semebody's using
37 the recorder, and the tapes Just about
3S full, So woth some remaining that's on
39 there, we'd like to go ahead and
43 redesignate it, and we'll make you stop
41 recording for a minute while we do
42 that. i
43 1
44 I_T Okay, now we got the two to come
45 together once again. And - we'll
4;, stabilize the bubble once more.
47 i

Dump Tape 026-0h
:Page ii of ii i :....

-- Skylabj Hou_st -C_sm we_get SomebOdy

F ,I to confirm - we'll be redesignating
3 I the recorder?

: : PLT Okay, Crip. Go ahead. Tell me when

_ ! ypu're ready•
1026 16 h2 hi CC Okay. I

12 J _
14 m

uu 16 __
O 17
< 18
19 Or)
"_ 20

21 rq

__ _.,,; 23 C)
,-._ 24
O 25 -4
u_ 27
0 28 m
29 "r'
O 30 m
I.- 31 ITI
32 -4
33 0
34 Z
35 .<
Dump Tape 026-05
Time: 026:16:43 to 026:17:23 _
_i/26/74 . ? ..... __
pagei of h ............

D26 16 43 26 PLT- - floating freely here is space. -0nce ......

F again we have a bubble floating
i freely in space. I touch it with
" the thread and it "will attach.
_ The purpose of disc - discussing
6 these bubbles and ex_ing their
) actionin - in zero gravityis
$ to learn a littlehit more and
$ about quiet a few basic properties
i( possessedby not only fluids
li but also particles. And the
!2 applications thatthe- the
13 studies of the bubbles have are 0"_
_4 - actually applynot onlyto D.
15 Jfluidsthem selvesbut alsoto _,
i6 particle physics. So even though
17 this is a lot of fun stirring ..
up the bubbles and _¢atching -
_ seeing _hat - what happens to them, 'I_
-- it - it does have some rather
2t far reaching applications in i_q
22 particle physics and - and basic ©
23 research.Oncemore,the rotating _ !
2z peanut. Okay,Ed, you can turn --
25 it off. Well, I think I - I did
26 whatI - -
28 026 16 h4 34 PLT Tb_ you.
29 I
30 SFi' ... m
31 F_
32 026 17 16 3_I SPT _ZI'at 17:16 _ ops. Orbit
33 _aich began at ... O
, F
35 CDR Turn off the VTR, Ed. Ed, I
36 was going to recordedthis TV
37 thing, and if you got to do an
,;_, A__ debrief, we're going to have
39 to quit.
40 i
4_ SPT How long will you be, Jerry?
42 I
43 CDR Well, if it goes right the first
44 time, I'ii be done in about
4_ 5 to i0 minu£es.
46 '_


-'_' --_ ' [222 ' "

_aEe2 of4......... !

.......... -you anttodehrie g

,o eadj.............
and I'll wait for you.
SPT Okay, why don't you do that. I'll
try to get this over in a hurry.

CDR Fuck.

Sl_f ...
Ii 1026 17 17 G7 SPT 0kay, we starting out with building
12 block 32. That went straightforwBrd. C
13 And then we tried to work the coronal _O
14 holeproblem.And Justas I was D]
15 getting set up for it, we suggest --
I_ ...thatwe try to finda point Z
17 in the coronal hole at which
18 magnesium X is still low but
]9 oxygen VI is high, namely on a "_
20 boundary of a chromospheric
21 network. Well, first of all to
22 get linedup forthe coronal O
23 hole we had to use the XUV monitor. -q
24 We used a picturethat I had this
25 morning and the XUV monitor -r

26 itself.Theunfortunate part
27 about using the XUV monitor in
28 finding the boundary of a coroan] tO
29 hole is that it's got those little
30 fiducila marks in the center which
3] make everything look dark in
32 that area, and when you try to get
33 close to them - a hole boundary, 0
34 you can get very easily deceived r-
35 if you actually are on one but .<
36 yoU still have plage behind you.
37 And that took a long time to
3_ _ecipher that out and to get the
39 rightroll.
4o !
41 026 17 18 12 PLT What I was hoping was that I would
42 be able to get it so i would
43 Just have step the 55 GRATING
44 6 steps to one way and then 6 steps
45 the other way to be in and out of
_6 the coroanl hole and make the
47 observations, and that would be it, !

/)ump _Tape 026-05 _:
ofk .... i

............ and at the same time have the two

2 X-ray instruments running for a full
3 orbit. Well, it just never panned
out that way. First of all, when I
tried to get into the - establish
where it was in m_gnesium X_ I was
7 able to do that fairly well with
the boundary. Boundarywas not too
sharp, but certainly well enough
I_ for what I was workingwith, in
_ terms of plus or minus 30 arc seconds.
12 Found the magnesium X count to be less C
13 than 10 or so inside and maybe 30 5_
14 to40 outside.

,_ 16 1026 17 19 O0 SPT As I tried to get lined up and _-

<3; !7 then move the slit - or move the
a_ 1$ aperture6 steps to it would
19 havebeenmy left- I was working
-J _ at a rollof minus860andwas _9
_- 2_ working on the eastern side of n
22 the coronalhole which Justblended O
23 intosomeveryuniformXUV plage-
-- _ 2z or XUV - normal Xirq background not -4
O 2_ plage. When I triedto do that,it :_
26 turnedoutthatthe - as I moved
u- 27 around the -08 maxima [?] defined
0 28 I m
29 in oxygen VI was quite far over. -r
c_ And it corresponded to what I could F_
O s0
see in the display. But in order
32 to get up to_ say, 300 or bOO in -4
33 o_gen VI, even200,I hadto go O
34 way overwhichjustreallythrew Z
35 my pointing all off. F

36 026 17 19 53 PLT
Then I decided, well, maybe I can
23 still work it at that point. But
then I had lost my reference for
40 where the boundary of the hole was.
41 I had go back to magnesium X which
_2 involved taking more - another lap
43 around the grating. I went back to
4_ magnesiumX to find out where the
45 boundary was, had it squared away,
hut turned out that I was quite
47 a few - I was almost an are minute
4_ and the boundary,and that didn't
seem_o_-be_-too_us_. _o then I
]_ump _Tape026-05 .......
__Page h of h ........

l .................trie
i to-going
--I r ad"
_ F up and down as well to find
t oxygenVI pointwhichwas a
4 : maximum in. And then started
to go back to magnesiumX to
_,i confirm that I still was in the hole
becauseit's very marginalon
_ the XUV monitorand that taked
i a long intrrgration.

', i026 17 20 &l SPT Net result of it was that I think

12 I finally figures out a location
13 end a way in which I can work it. (
14 but you justdon'thaveenough _i
15 displaysavailable to you simul- ,
_.6 taneousiy to do the Job right. _
17 The XUV monitorfirstof all has -
the fiducialmarks and it requires
19 long intregrations to see it. _D
20 The 55, you do not have both these
21 withmagnesium X andoxygenVI Di
22 available to you and everytime C
23 you want to see one or the other _]
24 it involves a lap aroundthe --
25 grating. So',with the present
26 systemwe have,this is Justnot --
27 an optionalway to go for - for
28 tryingfindthe typeof feature _
29 we'reafterhere. It'sa - it's -r
30 a verygoodobjective but ATM _1
31 as it'spresently constructed -4
32 doesn't permit - doesn't facilitate
33 this very easily. Now, maybe, O
34 if we thought long and hard about F-
35 it, we could find a much more .(
36 efficient way to do it. But it's
37 taked me the whole orbit to get
_ this thing lined up and essentially
39 no observations. What I plan to do
40 is to try to make another orbit out
41 this one and do the Job right.
42 And l'm not sure just how l'll fit
43 that into the rest of the day right
44 now.
46 026 17 21 50 SPY SPY out. i

"' " " "L _.q ", L_

Dump Tap_ 026-06
TD!!e: 0_6:18:19 to 026:19:38 GMT
Page i of 7

026 18 20 22 SPT SPT at 18:20, ATM. I got an orbit

in here of, oh, around i0 minutes
duration beginning at 19:56.
And I got a building block 32 in
Sun center. 56 and 54 operating.
... me back on what took place
previous orbit. The problem of
trying to do what we had set out
to do of looking at magnesium
X and oxygen Vl, and trying to
find a single point with both
characteristics in a corona/ hole,
low magnesium X, high oxygen VI,
is very difficult from the fact that
we don't have displays of each at
the same time.

SC ...

- SPT So we have to mvoe the grating

around. Also the fact that the
XUV monitor requires long intregrates
and does not have the resolution
to tell when you're right at
the boundary, especially with the
tick marks on there - the overlay
over the display itself. IT's not
the overlay. I guess it's built
right into the camera, the video
system. So that does cause a -
a little bit of a problem. And it
makes what might seem like a relatively
easy thing to do exceptionally
quite hard to isntrument with the
physical hardware you got in front
of you. I think we ought to keep
that in mind and - information
di splays.

026 18 22 26 SPT SPT out.

026 18 23 45 PLT PLT. Time is 18:24, reporting handheld

photographs of Hasselblad. And
this the Bulf of Venezuela, HH83-1,
Dump Tape 026-G6
Page 2 of 7

and the small bay, or lake to

the south. Two stero pairs and
one frame of an unusual outcropping
striations in the Venezuelan
interior. Those are frames 93 through
97, taken at f/8, one hun - 100
millimeter lens, 1/250.

026 18 28 47 CDR This is the CDR at 18:29 Zulu.

The subject is Earth observation,
handhelp photos. We were coming
northeast up through the Caribbean,
and I got some pictures with the
Nikon 300. And some of these
pictures are also corollated with
pictures taken by the PLT with
the Hasselblad. Over the island
of Hispaniola we noticed a fulat
in the mountains south of Port-au-
- Prince,and took a picturewith
Charlie X-ray 43, the Nikon 300.

CC ...

CDR Stand by.

026 18 34 Ii CDR This is the CDR at 18:3h Zulu

continuing with Earth - Earth
observation, handheld photo
debriefing, I mentioned the fault
zone in the mountains south of
Port-au-Prince, Charlie X-ray 43;
that was frame number 37, taken
at 5.6, 1/1000. Then at 18:20 Zulu,
we noticed a red area that was
east of the Port-of-au-Prince,
Port-au-Prince and it looked like
a guarry. The SPT - or PLT took
a look at it in the binoes and we
think that's what it is. But I
went ahead and took a picture Just
for interest, and that's frame
number 36, which is 5.6 or - and
1/1000. And the - my reason for
this was Just to see if we were
right,thatwas a quarry,and if -
if so it's something you can see
from this an al - altitude.

Dump Tape 026-06

Page 3 of 7

026 18 35 02 CDR Then at ,8:22 we cross the Guajira

Peninsual in Venezuela, and frames
35 through 32 covered the Guajira
Peninsula which is HH83. And the
peninsula that's across the bay
from it is final frame. That's
5.6, i/i000. Then at 18:23, LaMe
Maracaibo present itself as a good
picture. There's a lot of
sedimentation or - I don't think
it's blooming; I think it's
probably algae more than anything
else. But I took 2 frames of
that for Charlie X-ray h3. Those
are frames 31 and 30 at 5.6, 1/1000.
Then 18:24, Just inland south of
LaMe Maracaibo is a rather peculiar
looking land form, a very straited
area, very much eroded. I think I
- took a picutreof this abouta
_nth ago, and Bill and I each took
another picutre of it today, one
with the Hasselblad and one with
the Nikon. The Nikon is Charlie
X-ray 23, frame number 29; the - it
was a 5.6, 1/1000.

026 18 36 09 CDR And then at about 28, 18:28, or

18:29 - better yet, it's more
like 18:32, I guess, just as we
were crossing the South American
coast. I was looking down
between Rio and Sao Paulo, and
I noticed that sun glint was
particularly good off the coast,
and there was very good indication
of current there. So frame
number 28 of Charlie X-ray h3 is
current in sunglint, and it was
taken at 5.6, 1/lO00.

026 18 36 h4 CDR CDR out.

Dump Tape 026-06
Page 4 of 7

026 19 i0 19 PLT PLT, time is 19:10, and Delta 6 is

reading 3h percent. PLT out.


026 19 27 25 PLT Okay, coming up on 19:28. T

minus i0 I record the readings.
Alfa 2, 56; Alfa 3, 87; Alfa _,
92; Alfa 5, h0; Alfa 6, full scale
low; Alfa - well, we don't need
to go any further on that.
Bravo 2 is 53; Bravo 3 , 79;
Bravo 4, 91; Bravo 5, 56;
Bravo 6 is 49; Bravo 7 is 34;
Bravo 8 is about l; Bravo 9 is
58. Charlie 2 is 57; Charlie 3
is 88; Charlie 4 is 53, Charlie 5
P is 83, Charlie 6 is 47; Charlie 7
is 50; Charlie 8 is 52. Delta 2,
58; Delta 3, 82; Delta 4, hS;
Delta 5, 13; Delta 6, 55; Delta 7
is 51; Delta 8 is full scale low.
Okay, the ALIGNMENT switch has nto
been moved since the last
performance. Waiting for T minus

026 19 32 29 PLT Okay coming up on 38, T minus 5- 192

MODE to READY; DOOR, OPEN; waiting
60 seconds. And there come up
Alfa 2 and Bravo 2. Charlie 3's
... is coming up also.

CDR Okay, San Francisco's first.

Coming up at 40:20.

PLT Okay, 192 READY light is on;

SWITCH light off; ... it is.
and PRESS TO TEST those lights;
their good.

CDR Okay running my first DAC film off.

PLT Preoperation configration good.

Dump Tape 026-06
Page 5 of 7

CDR Runs okay. We're at 126.

026 19 3h 02 PLT TAPE RECORDER, ON; READY on;

it is. 92, ON; READY out; go
to CHECK; door open, verified.
91, ON; READY on; COOLER, 0N;
and door wired open. 90 is
ON now; READY's out; STANDBY;
verify; and door's open, and I
see light coming through. RAD
READY lights out. ALTIMETER,
on. And standinb by for C&D
pad. And, let's see, my first
AUTO CAL is not until 50:30
19:50 and 30 seconds.

026 19 35 22 CDR Breaking into clear water. Looks

like if I Just follow interstate
highways from San FRancisco
to Bakersfield and turn west, I
got it made.

PLT Good. (Laughter)

CDR Ho, ho.

PLT Hang in there Jet, I'm pulling for you.

CDR Yes, I hope I can find it today.

You know that aerial photograph
we got makes it look like it's
real easy to find by I -

PLT Yes.

CDR - just that particular sun angle,

and on other days ...

PLT Listen, I - I found that - -

CDR - - almost all the fields look


PLT - that Black Hills site Just by

fluke. You know, it looked
Just like the map, - -
L_p 2ape 026-06
Page 6 of 7

CDR Yes.

025 19 36 04 PLT - - the pictures, the photographs.

But not very many of them, I
don't think, you can say that
for. But the black hills are
classic black and white - or
shades of gray I guess I should
say, but anyways was quite pleasantly
surprised by that one.

PLT Okay, I've got a question for

young Crip as soon as we come
up here. Let's see, 191 READY
light's coming on at 53:10,
and it's after a call out of
53:24 on the pad. I'm not sure
if those are out of sequence
or the time is wrong. H_m.

CDR Uh-oh, we're getting back into

clouds again. Come on San Fran
open up. Whence [sic] do they
have the AUTO CAL?

PLT The AUTO CAL's at 50 - let me find

it here - 50:30, 50 minutes
and 30 seconds after the hour.

CDR Okay, that's well down into the - -

PLT Yes.

CDR - - Caribbean.

PLT Maybe I'd better give you - a

call on that, because there's
nothing up above.

026 19 37 49 CC We're with you here stateside.

Got you for about 15 minutes.

PLT You're coming through way down

in the mud, Crip.

_ CDR Yes, you're very, very weak.

Dump Tape 026-06
Page 7 of 7

CC Okeydoke.

PLT Okay, that's better.

CC Is that better?

CDR Oh man that 's neat.

PLT I got a quick question for you,

Crip, before I start here.

CC Go.

PLT Okay_ check S - READY on, S191

at 53:10. It looks to be out
of chronological sequence.

026 19 38 13 PLT Okay, stand by for 38:20.

CDR Nadir swatch, because we were

north of the cirrus ...

PLT Okay, waiting for 45:30.


_-_ Dump Tape 026-07
Time: 026:19:39 to 026:21:12 GMT
1/25/T _
Page i of 20

PLT •..

026 19 39 04 PLT Forty minutes even, Ed. POWER, ON,

that is.

CDR You're . .. the coast of CaJLifornie

PLT And waiting for 39:53. Okay, Ed
about 20 seconds ETC POWER, ON.

CDR Oh, boy, its nice and clear.

PLT Beautiful. Stand by for 39:53.

026 19 39 52 PLT MARK 190 MODE, AUTO. Standing by

for h0 minutes even.

026 19 41 00 PLT MARK. Okay, 19& MODE to MANUAL. I

_ got a MALF, light on number 5 and
and ETC wants to go to POWER, ON
at that time. Waiting for 40:50.

CDR Now it's clouding up. Wouldn't you

know it.

CC Okay, it should break out pretty

clear for you, Jer. And Bill, you
were correct, it is - the time is
correct and it's out of sequence.
Also that REF 6 does go with the

PLT Understand; thank you. Standing

by for 40:50. And, at is 41 minutes
even, 15 secOndS and now ETC will
be going to AUTO.

PLT ...

CDB Okay.

PLT ... MODE to READY ...

CDR ... !
Dump Tape 026-07
Page 2 of 20

PLT Got a TAPE MOTION green light and

it's nice and steady.

CDR All right, I'm going to try giving

you lower San Franscisco Bay. That's
a good, uniform area.

PLT And ETC 's in AUTO.

CDR Right off Alameda.

PLT Stand by. Waiting for 41:20. Stand

by -

026 19 hi 20 PLT MARK. RAD to STANDBY and SCAT,

ON .... SCAT, ON - went ON 3 seconds
early. Okay, RAD, ON now.

CDR Okay.

PLT And at h2 minutes even, ETC to


CDR Okay, my tracking point was right -

right near the Bay Bridge, right off
the coast where you can find - -
ten seconds almeter stand by.
All right

PLT lO seconds to - -

CDR Alameda


CDR All right, Itm looking for lavic

lake now

PLT Stand by fori42:04

CDR Oh brother.


we are in ..

CDR Found it '

Dump Tape 026-07
Page 3 of 20

PLT Here we are in 192 mode of _er_--

tion. We go OFF at 43:50.

CDR DAC's on and tracking the lava.

PLT Okay, waiting for 42:48.

026 19 42 37 PLT Okay, and at 43 minutes even ETC

to STANDBY again .... Okay. 42:48.

026 19 42 47 PLT MARK. POLARIZATION, 4.

CDR All right going to ... There is is.

026 19 42 50 PLT MARK. 43 minutes, ETC STANDBY.

TAPE MOTION's nice and steady at

CDR Okay, we got our data. Very good.

PLT Great.

CDR Now how about a little Salt on Sea.

It's - unit's for grabs. Pick up
an alternate here. Okay, this is
from the Salton Sea. That's enough
of that.

PLT Stand by. 43:50.

CDR Okay, going for the cirrus now.

026 19 43 50 PLT MARK. Okay. 43:50, 192 we - MODE

is CHECK. Waiting for 44:20.

CDR I missed the cirrus all together.

PLT And at 44:30, Ed, ETC to STANDBY

again. Okay, stand by.

026 19 44 20 PLT MARK. 44:20, POLARIZATION, 1. And

at 44:30, coming up in about 5 seconds
ETC to stand by.

CDR Okay, I haven't seen anything that

either - even look like cirrus clouds.
It's clear as a bell.
Dump Tape 026-07
/'_" Page h of 20

PLT Ntunber 45:04. Things looking good


CDR Okay, I left it at IMC so the first

minute of the cirrus tracking was
not at a good nadir swath. It was
in IMC.

PLT Stand by.

CDR Now we're getting the cirrus.

026 19 45 04 PLT MARK ....

CDR Oh, yeah.

PLT 44:05 [sic].

CDR At 45:08 - I'm going to continue

tracking this nadir swath because
we were north of the cirrus for a
swat h.

PLT Okay, waiting for 45:30. Stand by.

026 19 h5 29 PLT MARK. 45:30, ALTIMETER to STANDBY.

45:36. Stand by.

026 19 45 36 PLT MARK. REFERENCE to 2 on 191.

47:10, ETC POWER, ON again, Ed.

CDR Okay, terminating the nadir swath

at 45:44. The cirrus was considerably
south of where we figured it was.

CREW ...

CDR GuadalaJ ara'

026 19 46 21 CDR Can't find Mexico City heh?

PLT Okay, at 46:40 in 30 seconds ETC

POWER, ON again.

026 19 47 17 PLT Okay POWER's ON ETC. Waiting for

47:40. Stand by.
Dump Tape 026-07
Page 5 o£ 20

026 19 47 40 PLT MARK. 47:40, INTERVAL to i0. Waiting

for 48 minutes at - SHUTTER SPEED
to lh0 on ETC. And then at 48:10.
ETC to AUTO. Okay, coming up on
48:10. ETC to AUTO. Waiting for
48:h0. Stand by.

026 19 48 39 PLT MARK. SCAT, STANDBY -

026 19 h8 42 PLT MARK. At 42 RAD to STANDBY. Waiting

for 49. ETC is AUTO CAL at 50 plus 30.

CDR Okay. Oh, sun of a gun.

026 19 h8 59 PLT Stand by.

PLT MARK 192 MODE to READY. I got to ...

and I got a a green light. Okay, I
Just lost the green light. And stand
by .... 15, ALTI_TER, ON. Okay,
waiting for 50.

CDR Look like Mexico City has a little

fog problem today.

PLT Stand by for 50.

026 19 50 00 PLT MARK. 192 MODE to CHECK. And

changing speeds, waiting for 50:14.
And at 50:30 I need a VTS AUTO CAL.

CDR All right.

PLT Waiting for 50:14. Stand by -

026 19 50 14 PLT MARK. INTERVAL to 20 on the 190.

Units at 50 plus 30, in ten seconds
roughly - - Yes auto Cal

CDR All right

PLT VTS AUTO CAL. On my mark -

026 19 50 30 PLT MARK.

CDR You got it.

Dump Tape 026-07
F _" Page 6 of 20

PLT Okay, thank you. Waiting for 52.

light and I didn't know it. Did
not notice when it came on, but I
still have a READY light. Okay,
my 5 MALF light's still on. Okay,
I Just locked my READY light on the
ALTIMETER. Going to STANDBY at 18.[?]
20:53, ALTIMETER back on. Okay, it's
looking good. Everything else is
looking good. I'm waiting for 52 min-
utes for a READY light - READY, out
on 190.

026 19 51 49 CDR Okay, I thought I'd swing out to the

right and then look for the Galapagos.
Not sure I can see that far to the
right, though, I'm afraid.

CC Skylab, Houston. We're about 30 seconds

from LOS. See you again at ...

PLT ... - -

CDR Rog, Crip.

PLT - - on 190, frames 7 and INTERVALS, 10.

Okay, waiting for 53:10.

PLT 190 checks out good. I'm going to

cycle the POWER, OFF just to give that
number 5 camera another chance.[?]
I got an ALTIMETER UNLOCK light again
at 29. Waiting for 53:10.

026 19 53 04 PLT Okay, coming on 53:10. I keep on

getting a READY light on 191. There
it is. REFERENCE to 6. Okay, waiting
for 53:24. Still have the READY light
on ALTIMETER. Stand by -

026 19 53 2_ PLT MARK. 53:24, Altimeter to STANDBY,

MODE to 5 and RANGE, 65. Okay,
waiting for 53:39. And ALTIMETER
will be coming back ON.
Dump Tape 026-07
Page 7 of 20

026 19 53 39 PLT MARK. ALTIMETER, ON at 53:39.

53:47 S190 MODE to SINGLE. Stand by.

026 19 53 46 PLT MARK. MODE to SINGLE. And let's see.

MALF number 5 light came back on.
Okay. Waiting for 54:46. 193 seems
to be doing pretty well. No UNLOCK
lights. Just came on at 09, 54:09.

CDR Oh, Galapagos ... I couldn't look far

enough to the right. Under the clouds.

PLT Waiting for 54:46 for another SINGLE.

Stand by.

026 19 54 46 PLT MARK 54:46. 190 MODE to SINGLE.

Waiting for 56:04.

026 19 55 38 PLT Okay, I lost READY light on 193. I

will turn it off in 15 seconds.
Waiting for 56:04. ALTIMETER back
on mark. Wait for 56:04.


UNLOCK light is flicking - flickering.
Waiting for 56:56.

CDR Okay, I 'm looking at Guayaquil.

PLT UNLOCK light at 38, 56:38. READY

light's still on .... 56:56.

CDR Start taking a few - about eight

or ten DAC frames of the river
inching into the ocean there at
Guayaquil. There's a lot of- -

026 19 56 56 PLT MARK.

CDR - - sediment.


STOP .... The 21:0 - 01:17, that
is for EREP, you have to START again.

• 026 19 57 52 cDR Okay, our next swath is at 06:57.

Quite a ways from now. Coming up
on Lima here pretty quick.

Dump Tape 026-07

Page 8 of 20

026 19 58 44 CDR That looks like it might be Lima.

Ah ha' Lima, Peru. And I see some
red plankton forming in the - right
in the ocean off of it. I'm going
to go ahead and take some DAC film
now. And I'm going to push some
data. Lot of plankton blooming
off the coast of Lima. And some
red plankton, the red side or what-
ever you want to call it. Okay.
Okay we got terrific Sun glint.
I'm taking some more DAC photos
here. Ease up on your DAC now.

026 19 59 56 CDR Yeah, I'm pretty sure that's Lima.

There's a little island Just
offshore. And on the north end
of that island, near the city of
Lima itself, is where all of the -
- whereall the red thingwas in -
in the ocean.

026 20 00 58 PLT Okay, waiting for 01:17. On my


026 20 01 17 PLT MARK. EREP, START. Okay, got a

green light. Okay, waiting for 23.

026 20 01 23 PLT MARK. 190 MODE to AUTO and 194 to

MANUAL. Waiting for 2:30. This'll
include seven exposures.

CDR Oh, Lake Titicaca is clouded over.

And I was hoping I might be able to
get a few shots of the Atacama Fault
down near Anto fagasta, but it's
all clouded-in. And Antofagasta
itself is just off my gimbal limit.

CDR Can't quite gimbal far enough to

the right to get it.

026 20 02 20 PLT Okay, waiting for 02:30.

CC With you through the Vanguard for

l0 minutes.
Dump Tape 026-07
Page 9 of 20

026 20 02 30 PLT MARK. And READY, out.

CDR Roger, Crip.

PLT And EREP to STOP. 190 MODE to


CDE I saw a lot of plankton blooming

right off the coast - right at
Lima. There's a little, offshore
island Just off of Lima. And mixed
in with the blooming, the green
blooming, was some red. And I
took some DAC of it and also got
some 191 data from it.

CREW ...

026 20 03 59 PLT Okay, waiting for 04:27. Stand by.

026 20 Oh 26 PLT MARK. 0_:27, EREP, starting. 04:33,

190 MODE to AUTO. Stand by.

026 20 0h 32 PLT MARK. 190 MODE, AUTO; READY light,

on. 0h:45,waitingfor 92 MODE to
READY. Stand by.

026 20 04 42 PLT MARK. MODE, READY, Corner MALF

light ; changing speed and MALF light
is out. And I got a green light.
Waiting for [0]5:30.

026 20 05 06 CDR Okay, it looks like we're coming in

over the - that agriculture area up
around Asunci@n. And we have
scattered clouds. And we're coming
up on nadir swath now.

PLT Stand by.

CDR Crossing the Rio Parana[?] now.

026 20 05 30 PLT MARK. 05:30, 192 MODE to CHECK.

CDR Okay, looks like we're starting

to get into the frontal weather

Dump Tape 026-07
Page i0 of 20

026 20 05 57 CDR Lot of strato-cum down there in this

area. Must not be a very strong front.

026 20 06 51 PLT Okay, waiting for 07:12. Coming up ...

CDR 6:57, nadir - -

PLT ...

CDR - - swath time. DAC is ON. Lots

of ... - - that the line ...

PLT Stand by -

026 20 07 12 PLT MARK. SHU'I'_R SPEED to _DIUM. And

then the DAC.

CDR Crossing over the coastline. Hardly

a cloud in sight.

PLT Okay, that's 20:09. We need to start

the SI maneuver.

CDR Right.

PLT Okay. At 8 minutes I should get a

READY out on my 190.

CDR Okay, now we're starting to get to

some clouds here.

PLT Okay, Jer. I didn't look at the

pad. Do I perform SI?

CDR No, I do.

PLT Okay. All right, you should - yes,

I did_ as I guess I do have the READY,
out on S190.

CDR Okay, at 08:25 I terminate nadir swath

and initiate the solar inertial.
Houston, I'm going to leave the nadir
swath going while I go do the solar
inertial start because I think we're
Just getting into that front now.
Dump Tape 026-07
Page ii of 20

PLT Stand by -

CDR For their extra 35 seconds - -

026 20 08 31 PLT MARK. 191 ... at 08:30.

CC Copy, that, Jer. That's fine.

CDR Okay coming up on solar inertial

time. Okay, going to solar inertial.

CC Okay, very good. As a matter of

info, you might get a BAT CHARGE

CDR Okay, we got a BAT CHARGE LOW light -

alert light right now.

PLT Stand by for 09:30 .... VTS AUTO CAL

at 09:32.

CDR Will do her.

CDR Okay, I'm still on the DAC now.

PLT Stand by.

026 20 09 30 PLT MARK VTS AUTO CAL.

CDH You got it.

CDR Okay, so, essentially, the nadir

swath lasted an extra minute.

CDR Would you believe that ... Lake looks

just like the pictures?

PLT Yes.

CDR I can't believe it. What a pleasant


CC PLT, Houston. Bill, can you tell

us what the situation was with the -
tape recorder light that had - did -
was it continuous, was it ... what?
Dump Tape 026-07
/_ Page 12 of 20

PLT Okay, on that 192 sequence - "i:%

first 192 sequence - the light was
steady for a long period of time,
after the - the exchanges in 60 ...
Then it started flickering and very
shortly thereafter, before I could
even report the flickering, it went
out and stayed out oh, for ten or
15 seconds. And - however, on the
next sequence it operated normally.

026 20 l0 56 CDR Oh, you know it's done that on me,

too, and I pushed open the cover of
the tape recorder just to look, and
then closed it up, again. And it
was running fast.

PLT Yes, well, you, the minute you get

a RECORDER MALF light you assume that
all you've done is, maybe, say, a -
one-logic, but not both of them. The
malfunction procedures say if you
have a recorderMALF light,and you
still have a READY light - excuse
me - you lost the tape motion light,
and you still have a READY light, it's
supposed to be working I think; or
maybe if the recorder MALF AND TAPE
MOTION are both on, I don't know.
It's Just sort of Just the opposite
of that ... recorder MALF light ...
by itself mean that the thing is bad.
If you've got tape motion green light
and the recorder MALF light's on,
you ass_m_ it's all right. What I
had - I had both lights out.

026 20 ll 51 CDR Well, what I'm saying is the recorder

MALF light - seems to me that has to
do with whether or not there's modu-
lation on one of those two frequencies,
or two channels, isn't it?

PLT No, I thought it had - had to do with

the speed, too.
Dump Tape 026-07
Page 13 of 20

CDR Yes, it's a function of speed.

I'ii have to look that up I guess.

PLT Waiting for 12:30. 12:10. So, 191

READY light is on. EREP to STOP
and I will do the DOOR CLOSE, but
go do the 193 alarm before I do
anything else. Okay. EREP post.

026 20 12 39 CC Okay, we are about 30 seconds from ...

at Canary at 20:30.

PLT Okay, Crip, I assume there's no

reason to leave all the rest of the
stuff running and hold Jer up. He's
waiting to clean up the 190 and all
that. Right?

CC That's affirmative. And when we get

to the tape load we're going to load
that tape and tape recorder, too.
And I'iitalkto you more in ...

PLT Okay.

CDR Okay.

PLT I thought it already had tape in it.

CDR It does.

CDR Okay, you through recording, Bill?

026 20 13 21 PLT Yes.

Sl_f ... the center which make everything

look dark in that area.

026 20 13 27 SPT And when you try to get close to

them *** ... you get very easily
deceived that you actually are are
one but *** ... have plage behind
you. And that's ...

Dump Tape 026-07
Page 14 of 20

026 20 45 Ol CDR I'm using this toy GYRO in order to

try to demonstrate to you today, the
principle of gyroscopic precession.
You notice that this gyro is not
spinning right now. And the reason
why, is because I first want to look
at a free floating body, so that we
can just see what happens when you
put translational deflections or
translational forces on it and
rotational forces or disturbances.
Now you can see here, as I tap this
with these little staws that I'm
holding, that I force rotations and
I force translations. And you notice
there's no natural tendency of this
wheel to damp those out, or to resist
any of these forces that I'm - that
I'm putting on here. Now you notice
not only in rotation,but in transla-
tion, when I put the force on it
continues to go until I do something
to stop it.

026 20 46 29 CDR Zoom in.

CDR You're supposed to zoom in, Bill.

026 20 47 03 SPT *** max them in. And then try to go

back to magnexlum X to confirm that
I still was ... make a curve in it.
the ...

026 20 47 23 CDR l'm using this toy gyro as a method

to try to demonstrate the principle
of gyroscopic precession. And you'll
notice that this gyro right now is
not spinning. And the reason why is
because first I want to talk about
the kinds of disturbances or forces
that are put on a gyro. Now we have
translations, which I've done and you
can see it as I translate this little
gyro as a free floating body unspinning,
that I put a disturbance on it and it
goes either in translation or rotation.
Dump Tape 026-07
Page 15 of 20

And it will keep going in tha_

direction until I do something to
stop it. It doesn't seem to have
_uy natural resistance of it's own
to motion.

026 20 50 34 CDR Let's put a string on this gyro and

spin it up, get it up to speed. And
then let's take a look again at what
happens when we put these translationals
and rotational forces on it.

CDR We've got it all spun up. And now

let's take a look at the disturbances
in translation. You notice that I push
it down, it Just keeps right on going
down. It doesn't seem to have any
resistance to translation. If I
push it to the side, it Just keeps
right on drifting. So we can see
that at least in translation, it's
still a free body. It hasn't changed
a bit.

026 20 56 43 CDR All right now, what about rotation?

What if I put a rotational force?
Let's put a couple on it in this
direction. A torque to the right.
Well look at that. I put a torque
from right to left as far as the
way you're looking, but it tilted
back. And that demonstrates the
principle of gyroscopic precession.
And what it boils down to is that -
in very simple terms - that if there -
the gyro is spinning this way, then
in - and you put a force on the
edge of the gyro wheel, say, down-
ward, what the wheel seems to do is
take the force and carry it 90 degrees
along the direction of the spin and
deflects 90 degrees away from where
you put the force in. Now there -
there in physics you can work out the
formulas and it will all be quite
plain mathematically as how it's done.
Dump Tape 026-07
Page 16 of 20

But let's Just keep it simple _'.are

and let's - using that concept, let's
see if we can get this thing to tip
back up straight again.

026 20 58 01 CDR Now, what wetll do is if we want this

front part to tip back down again,
then that means that over here, where
it's spinning toward that direction,
I need to push here and that part will
go down. So what it means it that I
need to torque in this direction, like
this. And we're doing it. And there
it is, back vertical again.

CDR Now gyros are a very valuable piece

of our equipment that we use in
space. We use gyros in order to
maintain our attitude in space. We
can move around - that is we can
translate in space, but we need to
rotate sometimes under very precise
conditions. And in our command and
service module, we have sets of gyros
that are spun up. And all we do is
we orient the axis, the spin axis
of the gyro in a given direction,
and hygelendire the one that we parti-
cularly want to orient it in. And
then - we spin the gyro up.

026 20 59 19 CDR And now the gyro will will remember

that position and it will stay there.
And any time that we move the space-
craft, if it drifts away from that
attitude, the gyro alerts the com-
puter on board the spacecraft and the
computer fires the thrusters and
essentially zeros out the error that
the gyro has sensed and puts the
spacecraft back in it's original
position. And that's what we call
Now gyros are very, very stable
platforms. And they need to be
stable if you're going to try to
maintain your spacecraft in an
Dump Tape 026-07
_-_ Page 17 of 20

attitude inorder to watch the stars

or to do work on - with the Sun. Now
here in Skylab, we have these little
gyros to sense or remember our attitude,
but we also have some great big gyros
that do the moving. We don't use
thrusters as much as Skylab; we use
great big gyros.

026 21 00 23 CDR And what we do is we fasten the -

the Skylab on to these gimbals and
when our little gyros sense an error,
they sent a cow,hand to the computer.
The computer sends a torque - an
electrical torque to our great big
heavy gyros, which weigh about
140 pounds a piece and they're about
3 feet in diameter. And when they
torque this big gyro, then the - the
big gyro moves like we've been demon-
strating right here. And the big
gyro is what holds us in our position
in Skylab. Actually, we have three
big gyros and they're all are placed
in such a manner that they complement
each other.

026 21 01 23 CDR No we've taken the gyro and we've spun

it up in at top rating in it's normal
mode. Now, let's see what these very
same forces are like, that is transla-
tion and rotation. And let's see how
the gyro reacts to these force dis-
turbances now, once that we have it
spinning. All right, first of all
translation. What happens? I hit
it in translation and it Just keeps
right on going until I do something
about it.

CDR Now what about rotation? I'll put a

torque on it in this direction.

CDR And what happened? I put a torque

on it in one direction, and it rotates
in another direction, 90 degrees from
Dump Tape 026-07
Page 18 of 20

the direction in which I did the

torquing. Now that is a demonstration
right there of the principle of gyro-
scopic precession.

026 21 06 07 CDR Okay, now, establishing this principle,

or applying this _roscopic principle,
let's see if we can predict how it's
going to come back. And what I want
to do is bring the - the axis of rota-
tion back up verticle and tip it towards
you a little bit. So that means that
if I want this axis here to go down,
then the principle of precession says
that I need to push here, because
then the wheel will essentially -
will appear to transform the force
over here 90 degrees and deflect down
in that direction. So let's just see
if that really works out. I want to
push down on this side here. So I
can put on a torque in this direction
like this. And, hopefully, if I'm
right, the front edge will come down
toward you. So let's see what happens.

CDR Lo, and behold, it tips down. But

because of friction between the straws
and the axis, we've also got a little
bit of side tip here. Let's see if
we can take that out. We want this
to go down. The wheel is sitting this
way, so therefore if I push here that
side will go down.

026 21 07 3h CDR And this is a principle that is used

very heavily in space flight, that is,
the gyroscopic principle. We use
gyros in order to maintain our attitude
in space. Since the gyro is not want
to move around in rotation, we can take
a gyro like this and we can point the
axis in whatever direction we prefer -
like say celestial north, or something
like that - and we can spin up our
gyro. And then we can connect our gyro
up to a computer, and any time the
Dump Tape 026-07
Page 19 of 20

spacecraft dl_ifts away from the

attitude that we want it at, this
gyro will notify the computers that
it is - it is having some force put
on it, or it is showing drift. The
computer will then issue commands
on the thruster system on the space-
craft and the spacecraft will be
maneuvered back to it's original
position. That is to say, the
error is taken out.

026 21 08 32 CDR So that's how we use a gyro, in

order to sense where we are, or to
remember, essentially, which way
is the up. Now in Skylab, we not
only use little gyros like this in
order to remember where we want te
point, but we also use huge gyros
which weigh on the order of 140 pounds,
and are something like 3 feet in
diameter. We use these huge gyros
as our forces for moving the space-
craft around. We do not use the
thruster, except as a backup. And
the - little gyro sends a signal to
the computer and this time the com-
puter does what my straws are doing.
The computer sends torquing forces to
the axis of the gyro, and the axis
of the GYRO is connected to our
spacecraft, the large launch GYRO,
that is. And when we put a torque
on that axis, then the whole axis
moves the spacecraft, since the
spacecraft is connected to it, and
thereby we have an attitude control
system that is strictly gyro con-
trolled and uses gyro momentum.

026 21 l0 26 CDR *** TV of gyroscopic demonstration.

What we did was two sequences of the
first part - the - about a minute and
a half sequence showing the unspinning
Dump Tape 026-07
Page 20 of 20

026 21 i0 48 CDR The ones I personally prefer were

the second cut of the first sequence
and the first cut of the second se-
quence. And we've got the routine
worked out pretty well. If neither
of these sequences worked out Just
right, if either one of them needs
another whack, let us know and we'll
try to get around to doing it. The
other TV subject that I need to find
out about is when you want us to get
on with this EREP thing. I think
that it would be well - that if you
get them to schedule us some time
for that. It doesn't look like the
sort of a thing that could be done
easily during free time, because I 'm
not sure that the PLT and I will
always have free time available at
the same time to do it. So I sus -
I would suspect you probably ought
to schedule it.

026 21 12 O0 CDR CDR out.

Du_p Tape 026-08
T_ri_e: 026:20:56 to 026:22:07 GMT
Page ] of h

026 21 58 01 SPT SPT at 21:58. ATM ops. SPT

at 21:58. ATM ops. Orbit
which began at 21:02. Okay,
again it took a little while to
search around after I did the
building block 32 ....... at
5h. T_ke a little while to
search around and get exactly what
I wanted to - just the way of
points in and outside of the
coronal hole to make the grating
auto scans. Could use - made use
of the previous experience, went
to a roll of 8600 and then I worked
at line 25 and I had an up/down of
00. Picked up the mirror over
to 2527 position. And I just
had established previous, that
all along that line that magnesium
X was a - at a count of around
6 plus or minus 2, maybe occasionally
up to tempo [?]. And that when I
move over to - about 660, the 6
become a little bit over i0, and
640 it was above 20 and then it
Just went on up to 40 or 50's
and there on out. So then my
pointing was a left/right of 737,
up/down of all zeros. I did a
grating auto scan at 25:27
which is which the oxygen VI was
i00 to 102, which was well above
the background and from what
I could judge was honey-colored
... network boundary in a ... and
display. It was not a very nicely
formed network boundary but there
were dark spicules - dark potions
of spicules indicating that that
was a boundary. The cell itself
was not very well defined but
the - the boundar itself had the
right characteristics.

Dump Tape 026-08
Pa_e 2 of 4

026 22 0] 14 SPT Magnesium X at that point was

around 6 plus or minus. I gave
full grating auto scan starting
at 19:41 grating position and
ending up there. Then gave a -
about i or 2/3 of grating auot
scan at 25:53 mirror position.
That's a difference of around
28 or lh0 arc seconds away. Again
that large difference was due
to the fact that I started to
out the lines. I need position
inside so it would be out of
boundary. I could have very easily
made that difference only 60 arc
seconds but the - on strength
of trying to get that on a oxygen VI
high made that difference quiet
a bit larger than what we
orignally discussed. And the
teleprinter message which came
up, we suggested possibly it's
30 on either side of the boundaries.
However, I still think it does
the job. Oxygen VI was around
200 at that point. Magnesium X
was running 30 or 40. AFter that
we gave two mirror auto rasters,
one down to line h0 at grating
position of all zeros. And one
at 772. And unfortunately because
of the time constraint we only
got down to line 30 on that one.
Before we want below 400K. And
the grating, course, kept going.

026 22 02 55 SPT I believe we got down to line 30

before very much was done.

026 22 03 00 SPT But we did cross essentailly the

point where the grating auto scans
were made and a considerable
distance beyond that. So - so iL
is where the pointing was done
and also where that total area.
It doesgiveyou a handleon the
Dm_p Tape 026-08
7_e } =f 4

color difference_ the little

color diff - the little color
temperature differences that you
might expect. For you have that -
you have been indicating. I was
looking at a line of eontinules.
But it looks like a real good
program to run out, unfortunately
setting up for it with the
displays we have is a real problem.
Before I get into that a little
bit let me give the other two
•.. that've recieved some data.
5h, it used single frame 5 for
36 minutes and 56 recieved long
exposure for 36 minutes with the
grating in. And the roll which
we had, I believe, gave a
reasonable dispersion for their -
for their ... rotation and dispersion
in axis. We've acted a pointing,
that's - while I think about it -
what would really be useful here,
is to have a XUV Monitor-type
device and only one without all
of the ex- excess filtering in
it, so actually use it as a TV
display, and has filters which
could be inserted .... that you
will let them on a rotating
wheel the same way we have.

026 22 05 53 SPT So they should be ... filters on

5h and 56. As in, sort of
wavelengths which were characteristic
of some altitudes in the

026 22 06 02 SPT And that would be ... hard to do

I guess because you're talking
about looking at single lines.
And anyway in which a visual
presentation spatially at -
characteristic of a given
altitude to the atmosphere
_- should be presented would be
exceptionally useful as you
Dump Tape 026-08
Page h of 4

can see here. I would have been

no problem whatsoever to get
this wrapped up by adding a
good TV display. You could point
right to the heart of the coronal
hole and then get - hit a peak
and oxygen VI has somewhat of
a location to ... the network
and you'll be home.

026 22 06 50 SPT SPT out.

Dump Tape 026-09
Time: 026:23:29 to 026:23:45 GMT
1 of 3 I I , I I
! 026 23 29 58 SPT SPT at 23:30, IATM ops, pass which
2 began at 22:35. STarted off with a
3 buildingbloc_ 2 to get the
5 to 56. GRATING, OUT. 82A
6 WAVELENGTH,LONG, 2 minutes. And
7 MIRROR, AUTO RASTER at 0000. Took
8 a quick look at the emergin flux
9 regions and a_ - active regions
19 aud then went lup to try to look

11 for a polar pl_es. And I went 30

12 arc seconds o_f the limb; looked
13 in oxygen VI, landreally could not see
14 much of anything at either poll.
15 And l did spe_d a fair amount of -4
time searchin_ in a low rate and
in the high rate in the - with
18 a roll, and aJlow rate plus,
19 or minus abou_ 16 degrees around
20 solar north a_d solar south and
21 I could not s_e much enhancement at
22 _11. So I we_t back over to an C1
23 interesting p_ominence at around ll0.
24 Interesting, I ecause it was a - I --
25 suppose a few sections linear element
26 which stood s/out 80 arc seconds
27 in length. _ ey climb maybe 20
28 degrees to th_ limb towards the
29 south and a mere diffuse part of _"
SO it up to the zorth, not - not .1
31 very extensive along the limb -4
32 but protrudin_ very far above it. O
SS I knowit - i_ certainly in Z I
$4 appearance di( not resemble a r-
surgebecauseof the - the lines
werenot stra_
ght. It was not a _ __
37 G_am_c appealing structure. _
39 26 23 32 45 SPT I set it on t_at roll, the 82B
40 SLIT parallel to it with the
41 tip of the SL: 20 arc seconds off
42 the limb. Ga_ 82B a WAVELENGTH
43 SHORT for 9 m: _tes and WAVELENGTH,
44 LONG for 7 mi:ites. The reason I
45 had to cut the 3e less than i0 was
46 i
48 .

JSC Form 886 (Oct 69) _sA-Jsc

Dump Tape 026-09
2of3 i I , II

2 Had I startedlouton the structure

3! at the very
because beginning,
of th_ I think
4 could have done - done a much better
5 Job in getti_ those exposures
6 and also some comparative spectra.
7 But with the length of exposures
8 required end he hunting and searching
9 that went on or a polar plumes,
10 it Just wasn' possible.
12 _26 23 33 27 SPT Also I menage( to blow another 82A r-
13 on that one. In my haste to get 82B
14 going on the second exposure, I m
15 hit %he START/ISTOP switch for 82A -4
end there was no calling it back.
So, again, my lapologies to those
18 folksforgoingdown onemore frame.
19 55 recieved a }MIRROR, AUTO RASTER

2_ down to
them line _0; received four
at severalpositionsin of
looking 8
22 at the struct lure, GRATING POSITION
23 of all zeros, end 0028, GRATING of

24 59h and at lO! 6. Of course, the -- -4

25 nrs_ one we'] well aware what
26 that gave you. AT 28, I thought
27 the Lyman BetE llne would be
28 interesting- see what that showed
29 up. 594 gave you some more of Z
30 the Lyman Con_ inuum, hydrogen Pl
31 continut_n, en( some neon - neon VIII, -4
32 but I think mcst of the - the
33 interest probably there would be O
34 in the hydroge_n continuum end r" •
35 the hydrogen Lyman Alpha in the _ _i
36 wing. | _
37 J
38 )26 23 35 08 SPT 772 gave you _ore hydrogen Lyman
39 Continu_n end ithe neon VII lines,
40 which I thought would be a - a
41 useful one. _nd lastly, 1042 "!
42 was mostly I _Uess a hydrogen i
43 continuum end _yman Continuum end _i
44 Just for chandle neon - I'm sorry,
45 iron XVI, if j__hing should be _|
46 seen there. _lthough you know it _'i
47 was above a relatively hot part :!i
48 _f the speetv%1m The f',_'.lrr'_. Y 2_4
was looking a_ certainly would no ;_|
JSC Form 886 (Oct 69) exhibit it. NASA-JSC ;

Dump Tape 026-09
3of3 I I ' I I
! 026 23 36 20 SPT SPT out. |
23 36 h6 CREW

026 23 38 36 SPT

SPT again, J
the last ATM pass,
I did line uplthe
SLITT, I used
oxygen VI as $ source and turned

8 the - msximized - maximized it

9 at SLIT, center and also in the
10 end of the SL_T towards the Sun.
11 And they both|came out to be about
12 the same loca$ion in - in left/right, C
13 so thatI thi_kyou got gooddata,
14 relativelyat|leastin the oxygenVI. _1
15 I thinkwhat I'iiprobably do next
16 time is to tr_ and take a look at
17 it in the Lymanl Beta Line and see
18 what cues in up there.
19 &9
20 026 23 39 36 SPT SPT out. O
21 m
22 026 23 hO 08 CREW "'" O
24 026 23 h3 23 CDR ...
28 (_
29 "r
30 m
31 _ ,--I
33 Z
34 I-
.3S .<


48 i

JSC Form 886 (Oct 69) NASA-JSC

" I _"
DumpTape 027-01
Time: 027:01:07 to 027:03:33 GMT
Page 1 of ll

027 01 09 ll SPT SPY at 01:09, debriefing ATM pass

which began at 00:09. This is the
seventh orbit which I worked on today.
I'll try and give you an overall
s,_mary of the general things which
were done as each orbit just so we
do not get confused. I'm going to
debrief this orbit first and then we'll
pick up with that overall s_im_ry.
Started off with a building block 32,
with 56 and 54 operating. Then I did
a search for polar plumes with
magnesium X - the south pole; could
not find anything. It was between
0 and l0 - I was maybe 30 arc seconds
off the limb - between 0 and l0
counts the polar regions intensified
20 degrees and then outside of that
._ about30 counts- 20 to 30 counts. I
went back to the promenence which I
felt I had not really worked very well
for 82B previously. And debated the
best way align the SLIT so they could
get comporetlespectra. And I could
have aligned it along the feature,
but there wag a lot of other small
features of lesser intensity in H-ALPHA
which protruded off of this in both
directions. And I ... move over quite
a bit. I felt the best way _ to
put the SLIT horizontal to the limb,
per chance - I should say parallel to
the limb. And I was about 40, maybe
50 are seconds off the limb. And I had
SLIT center. I then lost 55 - 55's
input in oxygen VI and it turns out that
maximized right on the center of the
prominence which is over at ii0.
Slightly below that in my display, was
another ... feature, another part of

Dump Tape 027-01
Page 2 of ii

027 01 12 13 SPT Hold on; I'Ii conclude this de-

briefing in a moment.

CDR Go ahead, Story.

CC Jet, that TV-103 on liquid films,

the performance was super, and we
think you've done about a good a
job as you can do on that. And we
suggest that you move onto some
of the other. If you pick up some
extra time later, you can go back
to TV-103.

CDR Okay, about the only improvement I

can put on that thing - I didn't
like it at all - was to get the closeup
lens and get some of those thin films
where the people can see them on
the closeup lens and then call it

CC Okay, and we're thinking of - we're

thinking of sending you a single hand-
held pad that's got all the sites
on it, and we're wondering what you
think of that and how many copies
you'd like. We'd also like some
cormnents from you on the n1_her we're
sending up. We think that you'd
probably like to have an awful lot
of them and catch those ones that
you can, like we're sending up 13

CDR Okay, that's fine; I think we ought

to have three copies and on a
separate pad. It makes no difference to
us whether it's in the details or
separate. I guess the only thing we
regret is frequently we get one of
those goodies while we're laying in
the SENP or something like that.
We kind of hate to miss them.
Dump Tape 027-01
Page 3 of ii

CC Okay, which would you prefer, a

separate handheld pad or in the

CDR We're - we're satisified with the

way it's going right now on the details,
unless you folks would rather change

CC We'd rather put it - -

CDE - - the details.

CC We'd rather put it on a separate pad if

that's okay with you.

CDR Okay, let's give it a try; if it

gives us trouble, we'll holler.

CC Okay, and we'll send you three copies.

And we're about to go LOS here. The
next ones Guam in about 40 minutes
at 01:56.

CDR We'll see you.

027 O1 19 16 SPT SPT again at 01:19 picking up

again on the ATM debrief, started
00:09 to 00:59. If there's a little
noise in the background, is we've
got a gas purge going on in here,
Bill Pogue cleaning a tape recorder
behind me; Jerry Carr working on a
tape recorder beside me and CAP COMM
talking in my ear. So the first part
of this may not be as coherent as you
would - you would like - or I would
like. Okay, after we'd ran the
magnesium X search of the south pole,
found nothing, we went over to the
prominence at ll0. Put the SLIT tan-
gent to the limb, parallel to it,
about 50 are seconds off the limb,
rolled about Sun center so that we
/_ got the maximam in oxygen VI which was
Dump Tape 027-01
Page 4 of ii

at SLIT center and that turned out to

be a count of about 150, very signi-
ficantly above the background. Gave
82B a 60-minute exposure at that
point. About one-third of the SLIT
was filled. There was a - in H-ALPHA.
There was feature not anywhere as
bright, but right below the primary
prominence, which protruded about
80 arc seconds off and was maybe
i0 arc seconds wide, and inclined
20 to 30 degrees to the south. The
exact coordinates for the exposure
were minus 8597 for ROLL, UP/DOWN
was minus 33, and LE_T/RIGHT was
minus 1053 .... position, 56 got
a SINGLE FRAME 4 for about 15 minutes;
55, two GRATING, AUTO SCANs at the
SLIT Center which is where we
maximized oxygen VI. We had one
TION of zero. We then rolled about
Sun center. I stepped the 55 aperture
down to the bottom of the SLIT and
rolled so that we moved up. And
when we saw the SLIT was completely
clear of these features, that is,
the oxygen VI count dropped down to
around 8 to l0 counts, then I moved
the 55 aperture back up to SLIT cen-
ter and gave 82B about a 16-minute
exposure and again I cut it off at
about 400 K .... about a 16-minute
exposure; 56 SINGLE FRAME 5 for
17 minutes and 55 Just received
GRATING POSITION of zero .... it was
And also right now, I was reading 184
because ... in there. But I'm pretty
sure that it essentially was a
except for that uncertainty of 2. Now
i_inediately Just below that - that
f was to the north - displayed the
results of a high count in oxygen VI
where there was nothing visible. And
I did not have time to explore that.
Dump Tape 027-01
Page 5 of ll

027 Ol 23 25 SPT The fact that they reported loops

above the limb is interesting and
I would like to go back and try to
do that. I though we had covered
part of that earlier today day with
the JOP 26 although we did it at a
GRATING POSITION of zero, perhaps
if we had a better definition of
exactly where those loops were we
could use a GRATING POSITION receiving
neon VII, give you repetitive MIRROR,
AUTO RASTeRs in several locations.
This orbit has taken - I'd sam this
objective has taken two orbits same
as the objective of trying to get
good spectra inside and outside of
a coronal hole. So this essentially
has got me two orbits behind. I'm
glad I've got the extra time today
to - to make it up so we can m_ke
up and get those objectives.Let me
just run through the outline for you
where we - where we are in this whole
thing, where we started what wetve

027 01 24 54 SPT At the orbit beginning at 6 - 13:16,

we gave a building block i and building
block a 32 with null bias in all the
observing time. The orbit beginning
at lh:_9, we gave building block i0,
is on the west - on the West limb.
That orbit also started With a buildinb
block 32. A% 16:22, We Started with
a building bl_k 32, and did some
coronal hol@ exploration although
we did not _et data. At 17:56, we
were just able to sneak in a building
block 32. That Was Just before the
EREP Z-LV p_ss started. At 21:02,
we gave a building block 32 and got
lined up and got the C_ronal hole
data, along With the X-RAY exposures.
At 22:35, we did a building block 32
and got Some _ some prominence data
for 82B at a GRATING _ And then at
Dump Tape 027-01
Page 6 of ii

00:09, the orbit we just completed, we

gave another building block 32 and
further data on the prominence which
I've just described. For the last
orbit, I plan to go Sun center and
give building block 1 Bravo for -
essentially for - 52 will receive
6-1/2 minutes. 55, GRATING, AUTO
SCAN, line 25, and then MIRROR,
AUTO RASTER. 52 will receive . ..
0, 5, 256 followed by 17-minute
exposure. And 56 will receive a
SINGLE FILTER 5 [sic] for as long
as possible in the orbit. And I'll
recap when it's all done. That
concludes the efforts that I've put
in on this today and let me describe
my first reaction without a lot of
deep thought on it .... how well I
worked from my standpoint. I think
having operated this mode for the
first time, I think it went pretty
well. I think we have a certain degree
of flexibility up here which just does
not permit us ... to have. And this
has been ... restraint so I'm not
trying to say any positive or for
it - negative against that. Of course,
the real advantage, us doing some of
this scheduling up here is that you
are in closer touch with what's going
on at the present time.

027 01 28 23 SPT However, the whole thing today did

not really allow me to make maximum
use of that. But I did put a little
observing time in for myself, which
I did not gather data and just spent
that time looking - looking over the
Sun. But I still think that you really
need more of that. I would think that
I should have taken a whole orbit at
the very beginning in order to get that
z- done. I didn'treallyhave time to
look at the new active region emerging.
I hope to take a look at that Just
Dump Tape 027-01
Page 7 of ll

before this next orbit. I did look

at 36, but I don't look at the north
of the pole other than to identify
that it in the XUV MONITOR. As far
as going around the limb, I did do
that several times and I think I had
a good feel for what lines and what
was worthwhile stuc_ving. Except for
the place which cannot be seen in
H-ALPHA, such as loops. So that is
where we're going to require addi-
tional type of instrumentation here.
And I think I have described that in
another session. However, as pointed
out here, if we could have either ...
in XUV M0N type display which would
allow us to see loops or features of
various temperatures that ... in other
words, have their active region ...
arising from different altitudes and
atmosphere. That would be exceptionally
useful. You know, like you may not be
able to do that with a series of filters
and a fundamental ... It may turn out
to be that ... where S055 does not
present the results of the rasters.
Well, that's on either site. Something
you've been doing - a problem which I
won't try to addres here, but I think
functionally there is a need to be
able to see a picture of the Sun at
a various altitudes to identify the
various types of phenomena we were
trying to explore today. And I think
the coronal hole - we were wondering
at the spectra in the coronal hole but
over the place where the oxygen VI
count was high, that ... segment with
boundaries that were exceptionally ...
good illustrations. H-alpha unfor-
tunately does not give you that very
fine pointing required to - to get an
oxygen VI maximum. It probably Just
tells you what region to start looking
for this other pinpointer. Another one
is looking for loops above the limb.
Okay, getting a little off the track
Dump Tape 027-01
Page 8 of Ii

027 01 31 27 SPT The - the second advantage of some-

thing I had today, which may not
always exist, depending upon how ...
laboratory is run. Because if I had
trouble in one orbit, I knew I had a
couple of orbits that I had kind of
tucked away in my pocket at the end
of the day which I could slide every-
thing back into so I could still meet
the the objectives of what I was trying
to do. This may not be a bad way to
operate. We have found the same thing
to be true of observing time.

SPT Many times you can stay ahead of the

timeline, but sometimes if you drop
behind, you don't behind just a little,
you drop behind a lot. And when that
happens, you either give up the the
observation or try to slide it into
another orbit. Luckily I was able to
do the latter here.

027 01 32 29 SPT We've started laying out the schedule.

Pretty much of a set routine. It's not
too hard at all. The synoptic, you
know what time of the day you want to
do things, at various instruments, 1-A
and 1-B are exceptionally straightforward
building blocks. You know when - when
you want to do that, and you know when
you - you'd like to put a STANDARD MODE
into the middle of a day for 52, building
block 32's otherwise. And you can get
on it with the specialized operations
in each orbit which depend upon the
nature of the Sun that day. I don't
find onboard scheduling to be very
much of a problem at all. It's taken
a good part of my time, I will say,
today, but it's . .. with what I was
up here to do. Alone, I think I
could operate like this day after day
and very and be very happy doing it.
I'm not sure that eight orbits might
be what I would want, but certainly
think six orbits could be - could be
Dump Tape 027-01
Page 9 of ii

tolerated and stay fairly ... Do you

know how many ... were sent up from
the ground? I hadn't really thought
about it today; it has been pretty
good .... has been a little more
specific than others, which is no
problem. You expect the variability.
I think I do lack, though, I feel a
little bit - away from, is what you've
learned so far.

027 01 B_ 17 SPT I think because it's the air=to-ground

loop, does not really permit the type
of conversation which would be most
useful. By that I mean, when - Neil
started telling me some things today,
and I felt, you know, that they're
interesting and I should have isolated
them where I could start taking some
knowledge home. And when I get back
I'll certainly sit down - sit down
and talk with him about these things.

027 01 34 4h SPY On the other hand, I feel if we went

on for a half an hour like that, I
really think an awful lot of eyeba]Is
would roll into the back of the head,
in the MDCR Just because they've
still ... many other things to do and
certainly they do. What I would pro-
pose in the future on the shuttle
payload is that you've got your own
loop between the guys who are working
a given instrument which essentially
is a Ib_11-time Job, and the guys who
are supporting them rather than trying
to funnel everything through one
individual - the CAP COMM. I think
that really places a burden on the
CAP COMM and it's by ne - necessity
filters out information to everybody,
not Just ATM but all kinds of other
experiments being done up here.

z 027 01 35 32 SPT Of course, ... major effort like this

if you need to put another observatory
like this into space, I would think
Dump Tape 027-01
Page i0 of ii

you would want pretty much continuous -

as near to continuous co-,, as the orbital
dynamics would permit, orbital mechanics ...
and not have it in a way which would be
cluttering up some of the other things
which you had to be carrying on at the
same time of - of an operational nature
or experimental such as in - in another
field. After being up here, I really
feel this is true. Now Bill Lenoir has
done an excellent Job. He's Just
really - really come on strong and -
and I think much of this - much of
our understanding of what's - what
to do up here and the quality of the
data in coming back is due to his efforts
and I know that, as he says, he's the tip
of the iceberg and there's a lot of people
behind him, which I'm sure is true.

027 01 36 32 SPY But that type of conversation which I

was able to get with him daily gave me
a feedback for what was going on. If
I didn't have that I would - I would
really be lost. I'd be operating on
information 2 months old and I don't
think be - be stimulated to thinking
a new and different way. And I think
more so, in the future, we're going
to need more of that type of thing
and there's no reason that I can see
why we shouldn't have a continuous,
a - or, at least a better channel
which all of these small details can
be discussed, which are still strictly
on a scientific and - and observatory/
operational nature. Things which ...
and the operational aspect of a vehicle,
that's something different; that we
can't - can't handle in the same way,
of course.

027 Ol 37 37 SPY SPT out.

Dump Tape 027-01
Page ii of Ii

027 03 00 23 CDR This is the CDR at 03:00 Zulu. The

subject is end of mission meals. This
message is for the food people. I
have looked over the special menu for
the end of mission meals and this is
for the substitute menu, the special
menu, that will - will substitute for
high density dates. A few comments
we'd like to have you work on, if you
would. In the case of the CDR, you
call out macaroni ; stand by -

027 03 O1 07 CDR Yes, you call out macaroni for the

CDR for meal Charlia and, unfortunately,
that is one food that I cannot tolerate.
I would appreciate it if you would try
to substitute something for the macaroni.
And the SPT doesn't feel that he can in
any good conscience take veal and
spaghetti both in the same meal or,
let alone, in the same day; and he
would like to limit the menu to Just
one of those, And he will be more
than happy to throw in the peanuts if
you need something else to make the
adjustment on minerals and calories.
We have selected day 82 - 81 as the
day that we Would llke to use the
special menu_ so you've got plenty of
time to work these things out.

027 03 Ol 55 CDR So let me repeat, for the CDR, meal

Charlie would like not to have macaroni;
would llke t9 have something else sub-
stituted, if possible. And, for the
SPT, would like to drop either the
veal or the spagetti and would also
wouldn't mind losing the peanuts. CDR out.

027 03 29 22 PLT PLT at 03:30, with the rate _rro ... tem-
peratures. X-ray 5, 96 degrees; X-ray 6,
96 degrees; ,.. 5, 92 degrees; ... 6,
92 degrees_ Zulu 5, 96 degrees; Zulu 6,
96 degrees. PLT out.

D_mp Tape 027-02
Time: 027:11:09 to 027:11:_0 GNT
1/27/74 ,1 --.--- '

U2Tll- Zi Oi _,u; _y--i-_;-_Oii_i_: . .. _ .i_u_ l,-_e-_rees =.........


_ SPT SPT at ii:ii., M133 Log. Day 027, man-hours
i sleep, qualit_'s good, remarks, 4. And
} I woke once -I once during the night, but
-. I I was able to go right back to sleep.
£ :

,,,,!027 ii ii 3h SPT SPT out.

,: :027 ii ii 52 SPT SPT at ii:12.1 PRD readings: _,

!;i_, ! _t. / o_. c

'027 ii 48 59 CDI_ This is the _R at 11:37 Zulu, which

.- " is Tango 2, t_me ntm_ber T-2. From the (_;
R Delta 6 reads kO. -


y , F

! "

! ¸ i

' i

D_mp Tape 027-03
Time: 027:12:02 to 027:13:06 GMT
Page 1 of 23

027 12 02 13 CDR This is the CDR and the time is

thir - is 12:02 Zulu.

CDR The subject is Earth resources,

EREP C and D on the film advance.
Camera number 1 only advanced 2. So,
therefore, I repeated the film
advance advance sequence again. And
all cameras advanced 3 times. So,
I don't know what the deal is with
camera number 1 but it appears to
have at least passed its test the
second time.

027 12 02 27 CDR I recorded a time T2, which was 11:57

Zulu. That Delta 6 was reading 40 percent%
at this time, which is 12:02:30, it's
reading 55 percent.

027 12 03 32 CDR Okay, I'm not going to wait any

longer for T minus i0. The monitor
-- readings are as follows: Bravo 2 is 55;
Bravo 3 is 86; Bravo h is 92. I'm
sorry, these are 9-11 alfas. Alfa 5
is h0 percent; Alfa 6 is zero. Now
we're talking to Bravos; Bravo 2
is 53; Bravo 3 is 79; Bravo 4, it
doesn't matter what it is; I'll
tell you what it is anyway, though
Just for laughs. That's 91.

027 12 04 17 CDR Bravo 5 is 55; and Bravo 6 is 50;

Bravo 7 is 33; Bravo 8 is i;
Bravo 9 is 58. Charlie 2 is reading 57;
Charlie 3 is reading 87; Charlie 4 is
reading 54; Charlie 5 is reading 83;
Charlie 6 is reading 47; Charlie 7
is reading 51.

027 12 04 57 CDR Delta 2 is reading 67; Delta 3 is

reading 82; Delta h is reading 46;
that's a tad on the low side.
Delta 5 is reading thirteen - 14
and Delta 6 is reading 55;

Dumu Tape _27-03
Page 2 of 23

Delta 7 is reading 51. We were

a tad low on Delta 4, and that's
the only one. It's reading h6

027 12 05 h2 CDR Okay, S192 alignment switch is

off and the cover is on; it hasn't
been touched in days. No, wait
a minute; it was touched yesterday.
You did an alignment check yesterday,
didn't you, Bill?

PLT Yes.

CDE Okay. And you're sure you turned the

alignment switch off?

PLT I don't know, but ...

CDR Okay. The alignment switch is on.


PLT ...

CDR Okay.

CDR S192 _DDE to READY. DOOR OPEN switch

to oPEN. Waiting a minute for a
DOOR OPEN light.

027 12 07 05 CDR Correction, for a READY LIGHT. The

S190 HEATer SWITCH OFF light is off.
Panel 117, DELTA TEMP's okay and
OVERTIME 's okay.

027 12 07 55 CDR Okay, we have a 192 BEADY light.

The door is open; MODE going to
CHECK. Now will do the preoperate
eonfigureation. TAPE RECORDER's on,
READY's on. 192 is ON; the READY is
out. We're at CHECK and the door is
open. 91 is ON and READY is on; the
COOLer is ON; the door is open. 190
is ON; READY is out; we're in STANDBY.
The door is open. RADIOMETER to
Dump Tape 027-03
Page 3 of 23

READY out. 94 is ON. READY on.

And the MALF light is out. Standing
by for an EREP START at 12:15. 12:13,

027 12 09 24 CDR I guess the first part of this pass,

Bill, is over Hawaii.

PLT Yes.

CDR Oe as they say down south, Hawaii,

How are ya.

PLT Well, no, no; not really.

CDR Oh, hey. Are - are you sure?

PLT i - -

CDR I thought we were doing geothermal

over Hawaii.

PLT Bet I've got that set wrong. 153.6 -

CDR Yes, that's right.

PLT You ... you know it's got enough

memory. You Just flop them back over

PLT In fact, we're - it looks like we

better get AOS in Hawaii.

CDR Sure does. Oh. What are -Where are

we at 137

027 12 O1 09 PLT At 137 Well, that'd be - that's the

crossing. The equatorial crossing.
It should be node.

CDR At 12:13:31, huh?

PLT Uh huh. So at 12:13 we're Just shy

of it.

CDE At 12:15 is when I start the EBEP.

Kind of strange.
D_np Tape 027-03
Page 4 of 23

PLT You're starting right down here at


CDR 12:15 I start an ERE]?.

PLT 12 :15?

CDR Yes, it's out there on the water

PLT ... right here.

CDR Huh. Okay.

027 12 i0 51 PLT We can coast in about 25 past the

hour. And - and we hit the coast
of Africa about 40 past the hour.

PLT Hey, we're about ready to start, huh?

CDR Yes. In about a minute end a half.

Let's see. Let's see, our AUTO CAL
is _t 32:15. That's after you've
already passed the coast.

PLT You've already taken some data, too.

CDR Yes.

PLT Got a nadir swath here from 16 to

to 25:44. Sounds like you go to -
when - when did you say the align is?

PLT ... is that AUTO CAL there.

027 12 12 08 CDR ... it's at :32.

PLT Okay.

027 12 12 ii CDR We're well inland.

PLT That's after the seneond one, actually.

CDR 32:15 is when.

PLT Okay, :00 has set in and all I do is ...

CDR Okay, we're coming up on 12:13.

D_p Tape 027-03
Page 5 of 23


PLT We use the DAC on the last one.

CDR On my mark it will be 12:13:00.

Stand by.
EREP START in 2 minutes.

CDR Well, let's see. We can be -be

getting the equatorial - equatorial
current, can't we? And the California

PLT Yes.

CDR On that -

PLT That 's right.

CDR - nadir swath.

PLT The - the Africa swath here, which is

not very long, 49:30 to 50:11, looking
for coastal upwellings.

CDR Coastal upwelling. Are we going

right by the Canaries? If so, they -
they're below -

PLT Just about.

CDR Yes. We've reported that a couple

of times.

PLT EREP start at 16, you say, or 137

CDR 15

PLT Okay.

CDR On my mark it will be 12:15:00 with

an EREP START. Stand by.

027 12 15 00 CDR MARK it. EREP START.

CDR :06. Stand by.

Dump Tape 027-03
Page 6 of 23

027 12 15 06 CDR MARK. 19_ to MANUAL. 15:30 is next.

CC Skylab, we're with you for 3-1/2

minutes, Hawaii.

CDR Hi, Hank. Okay, stand by for 15:30.

Stand by.



CDR We're cutting a wide swath through

the Pacific.

PLT Man, I don't see anything out of

this VTS.

CDR Must have left the cover on.

PLT Yes. See nothing or anything you want

_ to, depending on your frame of mind.
I can't concentrate on zero, zero,
zero, zero here .... drift a little
this morning.

CDR Hank, out of the monitor ehechout, the

only one that was not at the proper
value was Delta h and it's reading
about 45 percent. MY little cue card
says it ought to be between 57 and 87.

CC Okay. We copy, Jer.

PLT The first time you do a 192 to READY.

CDR 92 goes to READY at 25:36.

PLT Okay. That's Just about time we

coast in.

027 12 16 49 CDR What is that noise?

PLT Sounds like an ATM pump, Hank - -

CDR I think I know what it is. Take a

look at ATM coolant. We just heard a
pang ... noise up here.
Dump Tape 027-03
Page 7 of 23

CC Okay ...

PLT Going to get the San Joaquin Valley

there coming across it.

CDR Good. Well, that's where you got

your slow stratus. That's typical
for this time of the year, too.
- - sound like it's coming from?

027 12 17 31 PLT I - I Just sort of a general direction.

CDR Yes.

PLT You go ahead and watch that. [sic] -

027 12 17 35 CDR I've still got 8 minutes.

CC Skylab, Houston. The ATM C&D loop

flow has dropped down a little hit
since you started your pass and flow
seems to he a little bit erratic and
it may have been the pump.

CDR Okay, the 191 cooler is sounding

very bad. That's what it is. It's
beginning to quiet down now. Just
all of a - no, there it is.

PLT There it went again.

CDR It sounds like a high speed electric

motor, grabbing or loaded down and then
released. Hope we don't lose that

CDR So you might have the guys on the

ground keep an eye on their 191
temperatures and everything.

PLT ... Was it Charlie 7. No.

CDR Better look it up. Also, Hank, when -

oh, here it is. Yes, Charlie 7.

PLT ... keep an eye on Charlie 7, there.

Dump Tape 027-03
Page 8 of 23

027 12 18 42 CDR Okay. We're at ... right now.

CC We're about lO seconds from LOS.

See you in 3 minutes at Goldstone.

CDR Okay, Hank.

PLT There it goes again, ....

PLT The left thing is coming down

around our ears. (Laughter)

027 12 19 12 CDR Let's take a look at Bravo 7 and 8.

Those are a couple of them, too.
Bravo 8 is supposed to be very low
on that ... pressure. It's one.
And thermal detector temp looks
good, too.

027 12 19 33 PLT Yeah, l've had to make about, ao

I'd say, a half a dozen corrections
in up/down ...... zeroed and two
corrections left/right. This is -
this is a bit unusual. I haven't
never noticed this many corrections
being required before.

CDR I noticed yesterday it was a little

bit erratic.

PLT Swathing the nadir.

PLT We don;'t have any snares for that

thing either, I'm sure. Another
correction, up/down, it's going to
1 and up.

CDR To 1 up, huh? Boy. I usually carry the

zeros on the bottom and on the right.
That way when they shift to the top or
the left I can note.the drift a little
quicker and get them back.

PLT Okay, 1 to 1 left again. Goldstone's

locking up.

PLT Hey, about 3-1/2 -

Dump Tape 027-03
Page 9 of 23

CC Skylab, we're withyou for 9-1/2


CDR I'm okay, Hank. The 191 ...

case temp's hanging in there right,
was very steady. That cooler motor
or whatever it is is sure - changing
tone every once in a while.

CC I thought I heard it there once

while you were transmitting. Does the
pitch drop down?

CDR No, it goes up. - -

PLT I'll tell you what. Let me put bY

mike down there and see if they cna
get it.

CC If there is enough to see that it will

... - see that they push the tab.

CDR Give me your transmit button. You

hear that, Hank?

027 12 22 58 CC Roger.

027 12 23 00 CDR Let's see if we can't get it while

it's oscillating. It'8 such -
There, do you hear that?

PLT There. Right about there.

CDR There. You ought to heard that,


CC Yeah, we hear that. It sounded like

a bird chirping on top of it.

CDR Yeah, it's - it's a considerably -

very - very significant change in

PLT Just did it again. That's it. That

the bird chirping is - it is more or
less is the - the steady ... - there
is a definite change in frequency
that we were talking about, Hank.
Dump Tape 02_03
lo ,: I

How - I don't know if you heard

it or not.

CDR Yeah, what is it? About 4000 -

PLT Oh, gosh, I don't know.

CDR 4000 hertz - - Yeah. Yeah.

PLT That's about it.

CDR - - pumps up to about 6 or 8 and

then back down to h?

PLT Yeah and it -wooo-ooo, whooo-ooo.

CDR Yeah. That's it.

PLT Like that.

CC It shounded like a squeal there that

had like something was metal on
metal or something.

PLT Yeah, that what - that's Just what

I say, a grabbing sort of - sounds
like something's grabbing in there.

CDR Sounds like a high speed electric

motor that every once in a while
grabs - -

PLT Bearing shafts.

CDR - - or Just - gets a load on it -

it - it bears down on the load and
then freeze up again.

PLT Or a pump cavetti (?)

CDR Yeah, it could he that, too. Okay,

I've got a mark coming up here at

PLT Okay, and we're com-ng up onto the

Dump Tape 027-03
Page ii of 23

027 12 24 33 CDR Okay, ought to be able to see Santa

Barbara and some of those places on
your right.

027 12 24 37 PLT No, we can't do anything with the

_F_S though. I'm gonna nadir swath.

CDR Yeah. Let's see, you going in

over Vandenberg?

PLT Just about.

CDR Okay, you're Just north of Santa

Barbara, then. Right on the coast.

PLT Right.

CDR Beautiful city. Okay, coming up

on 25:16 for the next mark.

PLT Gonna pass right over Tonopah,

Nevada. A gorgeous spot.

CDR Right. 25 :16. Stand by.



A_TC. POLARIZATION i. 25:35 is
next. Stand by.

027 12 25 37 CDR MARK. 192 MODE to READY. Got a

high speed. TAPE MOTION is look-
ing steady. Break (?) 2, RADIO-
_TER, ON. I was 2 seconds late.
RADIOMETER came on at 25:44. Next
mark is 28:20,

CC Bill, when you get up here a little

further, we'd like to have you com-
ment on whether you can see the
Gulf of St. Lawrence. The times
that you'd be able to see it approxi-
mately 37:30 to 39:00.

PLT Okay.
D_mp Tape 027-03
page 12 of 23

CC What we're interested in there,

Bill, is the cloud cover.

PLT Okay.

PLT Yes/a, it's dark over California.

027 12 26 54 CDR Yeah, it's a fad early in the morn-

ing there.

027 12 26 58 CDR 5:30 in the morning.

PLT Time they got up and went to work.

CDR Right. Get an early start on the


PLT It's a low pass. Burn in there a

couple of times to wake them up.

CDR Okay. 1 minute from my next mark.

PLT There, should you - she went up on

Salt Lake. I still don't see any-
thing. In fact, we'll Just catch the
southern end of it.

CDR Get those nadir swathes.

PLT Yeah. This goes right up to - actu-

ally it - two segments, but it really
doesn't make any difference. It's all
the same. Really h6.

CDR Okay, we're coming up on 28:20 now.

Stand by.

027 12 28 21 CDR MARK. 192 MODE to CHECK. Give the

tape recorder on the 192 a rest and
then put it back in. Next mark's at
29:10. Stand by.

027 12 29 09 CDR MARK. 192 back to READY. TAPE

MOTION, we've set the fuse and look-
ing good. 30:20 is next. The 191
cooler case is still hanging in
there, 55 percent. Hank, would you
Dump Tape 027-03
Page 13 of 23

ask the guys on the ground if there

is anything else I could be looking

CC Okay, will do.

PLT Okay, we're just starting to get

some light. 30:46 - yeah, 30:h6
is the end.

CDR Coming up on 30:20. Stand by.

027 12 30 20 CDR MARK. 192 MODE to CHECK. 30:40

next. Coming up on 30:h0. Stand by.


angle roll of plus 1 - plus a 15.

PLT All right. 30:46.

027 12 30 53 PLT Okay, I'm gonna look ahead here.

CDR Next mark's at 12:31:00. Standby.


027 12 31 02 CDR MARK. SCATTEROMETER, ON. 15 is


PLT Okay, now I have an aut - VTS auto

eal over here somewhere, don't I?

CDE Yes-h, you're coming up at 32:15.

At 31:15. Stand by.

027 12 31 16 CDR MARK. 191 REFERENCE going to 2.

We're 1 minute from a VTS auto cal.

CC Roger. We're about 15 seconds from

LOS. Bermuda'll be coming up in
3-1/2 minutes and when we get a
chance, Jet, we'd like for you to
readout on Bravo 7 and Charlie 7.

CDR Okay, Bravo 7 is 33 percent. Char-

lie 7's reading 55.
Dump Tape 027-03
Page lh of 23

CDR Ah, hah! Sunlight in the window. Got

no excuses now, Bill, you can see the

PLT I can't.

PLT Still not light enough.


PLT Okay, let's see. You want the VTS

auto cal about -

CDR 32 :15.

PLT Okay.

CDR Stand by.

027 12 32 15 PLT MARK.

CDR Okay. 32:50 is next. Coming up on

32 :50. Stand by.


027 12 32 52 CDR MARK. RADIOMETER is OFF. Not off but

STANDBY. 33:05 is next. Stand by.

PLT Okay, let's see if you make ... --

027 12 33 05 CDR MARK. SCATTEROMETER is ON. Next mark

is at 33:30.

PLT ... It's starting to pick up day-

light now.

CDR Stand by for 30. 33:30. Stand by.


Angle is going to zero. POLARIZATION
to 4. Looking for 8190 READY on at

CDR Coming up on 34:55. Looking for a

30 - S191 READY light on. READY is
ON at 55. EP_P to STOP. 191 REFERENCE
to 6.
Dump Tape 027-03
Page 15 of 23

ALTISIET_{ is goin_ to STAfSDBY. _#alt-

ing for 36:_Z.

CC Back with - Lack with you for _ m[m-


CDR Okay, Hank. Hank, on the read: _

verification the guys in _he back
room on S190 should remember in the
frames callout to give us two
digits_ not one.

CC We copy.

CREW ...

PLT Also, on the maneuvers, Hank, I've got

the solar inertial maneuver but it's
only indicated on the maneuver pad
itself, which was given to the SPT.
It'd be nice in the middle of tile
column itself there - there in .._
VTS pad put PLT there for SI. SI
maneuver, where it's called out.
If he calls out all the maneuvers,
just because you got a maneuver
on your VTS or C&D pad, doesn't mean
you do it.

CC Okay. We copy.

PLT And I'm looking for clouds there.

I'm starting to see surface features
now barely.

CDR Okay, Ed. I've got an ETC POW_2 ON

at 36:43. Coming up on 36:43.

PLT Okay ....

CDR Stand by.

027 12 36 43 CDR MARK.

PLT ... see where you go for a stand by.


Dump Tape C27-03
Page 16 of 23

PLT Okay, the Gu±f of St. Lawrence is

overlaying by ... i0, stratus is -
looks like high - there's a haze
layer. That's about all I can te_
Hank. It's so diffused that sort
of puts everything out of focus.

PLTq It does not look a heavy cloud layer

at all.

CDR Okay, on my marl< it will be 37:51

with an EREP ST_T. Stand by -

027 12 37 32 CDR MARK. _EP START at 37:31. At _7,

stand by -

027 12 37 38 CDR MARK. The RADIOMETER is OR. At

h3, stand by -

027 12 37 #4 CDR MARK. S190 went to AUTO. LqC to

AUTO at the same time. 37:55 is next.
Stand by -

027 12 37 55 CDR MARK. 192 to MODE, RE_Y. 38:37

is our next mark. We go to shift to
of tape speed, looking good. I
got a I{_LF light on magazine number

PLT Okay, the Gulf of St. Lawrence is

clear. I can see the ice plume. Gee,
that's beautiful. That's the upper
Gulf of St. Lawrence probably.

CDR Okay, coming up on 38:37.

PLT Okay.

CDH Stand by for 37. Stand by -

027 12 38 37 CDR MARK. 192 MODE to CHECK.

PLT Since we're probably taking data here

anyway, I'm going to put - p

027 12 38 42 PLT _RK. - the DATA push button, and

I'm on ice plumes right now_ 38:K6.
b mlp Tape 027-03
Page 17 of 23

CDR Coming up on 38:5h. Star,d by -

027 12 36 :-_ CD}{ Yu_O_K. _L%D!G[ETER is to 2_AIiDF _'

PLq Okay, l;rl going to go to :l,!ar ,m.:_

of the water.

0_-_712 39 00 PLT DATA MAR]_ at 39 even.

CDR Okay, nere's 190 READy li 91_ w. l_i

ou_ at 03; ETC to S'fTC_uBY. 39:!2
coming up.

I'L_ Okay, now l'm going to g_: -- -

027 12 39 _2 Cbi_ _]{. 190 to STAi;DBY; S}i<:TSF.} :-_7:._

to _[ELIUM; FRPC[_ to 55. _9:3 is
_ next.

_L7 39:15 I improved started _a_nt!n_

a snow and ice covered is]zn_ _znd -._-::{.

CDR 39:30 Stan_ by.

027 12 39 =_) CDh "4A]{k. 193 to XTNCL/I{_ P<Lg_EiZ:=I'i_ii

is 5. 39:h2 coming up.

027 12 39 <2 CDR MAi_K. RAD!O!.IETER, OFF. _9:5('-_

coming up.

PLT Anyway I'm gonna use my i0 - -

027 12 35_ :_O CDR [%AI_>_. ALTI:']_'f_ is ON.

PLT 0kay, !O frames - -

CDR Carried a malf light on magazi<e

ntumber 5 all the way through. That
last pass with SlgO got an ALTI'ET]_-
UNLOCK light. Oh, 39:58 I missed

PLT ...

CDR I got it at I0, h0:lO.

PLT Oh, doggone camera.

Jt'mtp Tape 027-03
i ¢
Page: L8 of 23

CC Skylab, see _ou at. Canari ,_ b:


CDR Okay. o_i__

<-+'i- got 8n ALLI
-_'_" ,._,J
'? ....
U-_{LOCK, but "_tiii h_ve a :_!'[lv

._>LT Okay, my cam<_ra is contin ling _ ,

run_ but it'-_ not c]ic}:iu< o,_"_
frames. I c_,n't und_Tstand _,,,
noise it's m_kin_, l've cycle _ .
PO!I7"/j OFF an,/ "_,I] about 5 ti_,-os u'':
on 191.

CDi: Comh_g u_• on h0:5_. ' ....

_)U(%*. ' by
] --

327 12 40 _ _ CDR iC_d_K. 19C HOD_ S!]J]LF. _:)" i:"

next math.

PL l- Ed, you said somethinff_ on t:i_

intereomJ_, and ! "'_ '_ ,J,
_'ou said•

CDR Ro_er. Still got an >:LTI [ETg"}

U_LOCl ..... the ._j)'V_
.... li_-!!t. -_-,,
going OFF at 25 - correetion_ *
STA/;DBY at 25. _ _--,,m_o
l,Lil..r .....
..... b;'_ );
at 4]:40. Lookin_ for h2:]£. <_,
h2:0C had an ALTI.tiETER U_;LOC[[
light again. Stand by for 16.

027 12 42 16 CDR YdLRK. 190 MODE, SINGLE. 43:! 's

the next one with the ALTI[Z;%E5
to STA_DBY. l'm going to have to
go early. Went at 2°. Coming Oack
on at 37. Stand by -

027 12 42 3t CDR 1,lARK. ALTIiIETER's back O_J at

42:37. Next mark is h3:10 witk -;_),_
ALTII<ETEil to s AA'DBY. Got an
unlock light again. StanJ L.V -

027 12 h3 i0 CDR [CARL. ALTII<ET_-_ to o_A LBY_ i u,_,:

going tO 81. 43:25 is the next
m&rk. Stand by -

r)- . .__
027 12 43 _ CDR MARK. At 25 the ALTIIIET_I =s ",,.. .;-,
is next, 43:33. Stand b:! -
.Jzamp Tape Z27--03
Page 19 of" -!3

027 12 43 93 CDR _'_RK. 190 14_3DE,SIT:r;LE. I]ext

mark in a minute. ALTIHET_ff' U'.:LoCK
light now. ?hat was at _h. AhfliiTfT]b<
READY out at 41_L04 goin_ to STA ;bi_g
at 05. 44:20, the ,%LTIH}]T]]Ris bac_
ON. Coming up on 44:33. Stani by -

Ok_7 12 44 33 CDE MAF,K. 190 SINGLE. ALTI!:ETF,

UNLOCF light st 39.

CC Sky]ab, we're back w_th you, 9-[/2


CDR Roger. ALTIY_TER Just doesn't waist

to stay locked up. ALTIT'.ETF!_ ii_j_t's
out at - on the hour, and --or ._n
the minute I should say. I just
turned it to S%'ANDBY at :73.
ALTINET_{ is back 01_ at ]3. UF_OCK
ht's out. There comes the
ALTI_.[ET_R UNLOCK light again.
Coming up on 45:51. Stand [_ -
027 12 46 51 CDR MAI{K. 190 MODE, SINGLE. ALTIYETER,
READY light out at 04, 46:0i. Tame!
OFF at 05 - STAI{DBY, I should say,
at 05. ALTIr[ETER, ON again at 20.
Next mark is 46:45. Got an ALT!;;]'IZ!
UNLOCK light at 39. Stand by -

027 12 46 L6 CDP :,fAR}{.ALTI_,IETIIH

is now going to 78. h7:00 is next.
Stand by -

d27 12 47 'JO CDR _dKRK. ALTI._.UgTER,ON. hT:0t3 is nex'.

027 12 47 "33 CDR MA]{K. 190 ?40DE, single. I_I,T]?;T_I

UNLOCK light at 15.

PLT Quite a change in ... It was pretty

rough there about 2 minutes ago.

CDR Coming up is 48:08. Stand b)' --

027 12 48 03 CDR MARK. SINGLE on 190. ALTIIIkTER

READY light is out. Goin_ STA.q)BY
at ]3. 48:38, Ed_ we'll want the
Dump Tape C27-03
Pag.e 20 of 23

Okay, at 48:28 the ALTIMETER is

hack ON again. 48:38, stand by -

027 12 h8 38 CDR MARK. ETC POWER ON. h8:53 is


PLT Just saw ...

CDR 48:53, stand by -

027 12 48 53 CDR MARK. S190 MODE to AUTO. Still got

a MALF light on number 5. ETC
should be AUTO now. h9:05 is coming

PLT Standing by, nadir swath.

027 12 49 06 CDR MARK. 192 MODE to READY, 49:30 is

next. ALTIMETER UNLOCK on - is
on at 12. Coming up on 49: 30. I
need an ETC at STANDBY at 49: 30.

027 12 h9 3] CDR MARK.


Next mark's at 50:00.

PLT A few clouds.

CDR Still got a MALF on magazine 5.

PLT Low stratocu. Clear water.


was off at 50, and I went to STANDBY.
That was h9:50.

PLT ...

CDR At 50:00 ETC to STANDBY.

027 12 50 01 CDR MAP/(. 06 coming up, 12 - 50:06.

027 12 50 07 CDR MARK. 192 MODE to CHECK.

PLT Standby, Atlas Mountains,ii_

Dtump Tape 027-03
Page 21 of 23

CDR ALTIMETER is back ON ... That 'z

going to have to come OFF again at
20, 50:20. Stand by -

027 12 50 20 CDB MARK it. ALTIMETER to STANDBY.

At 26 -


193 MODE to XTC; *** plus 30;
POLARIZATION is i. 50:55 is the
next move.

PLT Okay. Now, I think l'm getting some

jet stream cirrus over the desert_
subtropical jets. I'll be pushing the
DATA button just for kicks.

CDE 50:55 coming up. Stand by -


027 12 50 55 CDR MARK. RADIOMETER, ON.

CC How do the coolers sound now?

CDR It's still doing the smame thing,

still cycling. Doesn't seem to be
getting any worse, though. Charlie
7 is reading 58. Bravo 7 is
reading 33. 51:35, Ed, ETC to
AUTO. Stand by -

027 12 51 55 CDR MARK. 51:35. Next mark's at 52:00.

PLT Tracking a poi - a clear point in the

desert. Wait until I get to zero
up/down and then I'll let these things
do a nadir swath across the cirrus.

CDR Coming up on 52:00. Stand by -

027 12 52 00 CDR MARK, 190 ... 1 REFERENCE is going

to 2. Got a 191 READY on at the same
time. 53:45 is the next mark.

CDR I did not notice when the S191 READY

light went off. It came on Just as
I was moving the REFERENCE from 6 to 2.
Dump Tape 027-03
Page 22 of 23

CDE Still got a MALF light on magazine

number 5.

CC Skylab, we're i minute from LOS.

Honeysuckle is next at 29. That's
36 minutes from now.

CD_ Okay, we'll see you then, Hank.

CDR Coming up on 53:45. Stand by -

correction, SCATTEROMETER. Now

PLT Okay, I'm going to go do the

SI maneuver.

CDR Stand by -

027 12 53 57 CDR MARK it. SCATTEROMETER is back

to ON again. 5h:20 is next.

CDR Coming up on 54:20. Stand by -

027 12 54 20 CDR MARK. 192 MODE to READY.

54:55 is next.
CDR At 54:55, Ed, we want the ETC
to STANDBY. Cc_ing up on 55.
Stand by -


on 190; ETC to STANDBY. 55:07
is next. Stand by -

027 12 55 07 CDR MARK. S192 to STANDBY. 55:15 -

027 12 55 15 CDR MARK. VTS AUTO CAL. 19h MODE

to MANUAL. 55:30 we wand the

CDR Coming on 55:30 -

• 027 12 55 30 CDR MARK it. *** for an S191 READY

on at 57:55
Dump Tape 0:'7-03
Page 23 of 23

CDR Well, I hope number 5's taking

pictures. We've had the darn
MALF light on the whole pass.

CDR Okay.

CDR Firing TACS already?

PLT Yes.

CDR Yes, we're probably - what we

got to gimbal up against a stop?

PLT ...

CDR 57:55 is next. That's when the

S191 READY should come on.

027 12 57 55 CDR 191 ready on and 54. 190 READY

out on the minute. EREP STOP.

PLT Okay....

CDR Okay,

CDR Okay, on the EREP post_ Charlie

7 is reading 59 percent right now;
Bravo 7 is reading 34 percent;
and Bravo 7 - let's see, I've
already got that for you. S192
DOOR going CLOSE now.

PLT ..., Jerry.

027 12 59 35 CDR Okay. RECORD switch OFF.

027 13 04 52 PLT PLT, the time is 13:05, with

the 190 mag readings: 0656,
2834, 0381, 9729, 1510, 0_47.

027 13 05 i0 PLT PLT out.

/_- Dump Tape 027-04
Time: 027:1_:23 to 027:15:38 GMT
Page i of 2

027 14 25 09 PLT PLT, M092-171 on the CDR. Time is

14:30. Left leg measurements, 12-3/4;
right leg, 12-5/8. And the start
time was 14:15.

027 14 25 25 PLT PLT out.


027 14 55 12 PLT PLT on the M092-171 on the - Yeah

l've already recorded the leg measurements:
12-3/4 and 12-5/8, Left and right leg,
respectively. Leghands are -

027 14 57 50 SPT SPT at 14:40 - 57 ATM ops. Stand by.


027 15 13 01 SPT SPT at 15:13 recording a few handheld photos

for aurora. On mag .. i0 -

SPT Frames 41 and 42. I had taken that

about 15:08 and also picture and film by ATM
solar array was through an open
spot in the aray, and there is some
aurora evidence of green glow above
the horizone not pariculary - a ...
glow of light but aurora nonetheless.
It was very diffused and not - not
localized as we have seen it in
the north about 5 weeks ago.

027 15 14 25 SPT SPT out.

SPT SPT again. Those were handheld photos

and they were 4 seconds of duration
each and I don not ... they were
strictly by hand and camera pressed
against the window and I tried to .. as low
as I could.

027 15 14 54 SPT out.


Dump Tape 027-04

Page 2 of 2

027 ]5 15 03 SPT SPT AT 15:15, ATM ops, orbit we began at

14:09. No problem while carrying
out the - what's specified on the
pad, building block i and the additional
52 operation. I took a look around the
limb and was able to see the one primary
feature called out the pad at 070.
Nothing else of real significance.
I then did the two side-by-side MIRROR,
AUTO EASTER as suggested on the coronal
hole and down to around h00L and about
- oh, between line 30 and line 40, recall
exactly which, on the second MIRROR,

027 15 15 5_ SPT SPT out.

027 15 17 12 PLT PLT time is 15:16 -

027 15 17 49 PLT PLT at 15:17 with MITI _. CAL N 2
Okay, CAL N 2 02 C02 is

H2O is 1137. CABIN AIR PRESSURE, 5567.


H2 0, 2.70. PERCENT C02, 1.92. VITAL

CAPACITY, 5.205, 5.149, 5.201.

027 15 18 24 PLT PLT out.

027 15 35 21 PLT The PLT, the time 15:35, reporting on the

completion of housekeeping lh Golf.
Water sampling at the wardroom water
table tested out Just about 4 parts per
million. No idoine addition was necessary.

027 15 35 38 PLT PLT out.

_-- Dump Tape 027-05
Time: 027:17:36 to 027:1_:iI GMT
Page 1 of 7

027 17 37 52 PLT Hi. It's PLT. Subject for Ml31 MS

test conducted this morning. Wen_
150 head movements, both directions.
No symptoms Lhat - really apparent.
I had gas on my stomach, but I always
have gas on my stomach. The change
in rotation direction caused a little
bit of muscular coordination confusion.
I guess I - about the first three sets
of head movements cause it was -
apparently I had been - been conditioned
to offset in the Coriolis effect as
I was moving my head around and - 8_nd
we always went around, think, in a
clockwise direction. And so when we
came to the counterclockwise direction
of size - whatever it was - I noticed
that I sort of had to retrain myself
as far as muscular coordination is
concerned. Okay, 8xivway I guess it was
the - the conditioning of the first
run as opposed to the direction of
the second one. So when I started the
second set of runs in the opposite
direction it took me about three sets
there to get my physical coordination
down. After that it was just about the
same as the first run with no noticeable

027 17 39 15 PLT PLT out.


027 17 54 36 SPT SPT at 17:5_. ED61. Film taken on

CIII0, Charlie Indigo 115, frames 59
to 65, that's frames total. Believe
that's the total film allotment.
Compartment l, seed Alfa. We have two
stems coming up towards the front
on the tog, hitting the front, and
turn to the right. Both of them are
green. They're- They turn a lighter
green as they go back towards their
source of - at the seed. But they are
still green.
Dump Tape 027-05
Page 2 of 7

027 17 55 18 SPT Just abov - back to the seed. There

is a third one coming out at the
seed now, which has gone off to the
left-hand side, and be - back left-hand
corner, close to the back left-hand
corner of the front side and then
turns forward and goes about halfway
up. And then all of a sudden makes
another straight line right back
towards the seed. And that one is
green, also. We have three green stems
on seed Alfa in 2 - compartment i.
Seed Bravo and Charlie are doing nothing.
Over in compartment 2, nothing. We
have both ... Compartment 3, three
seeds, seeds Alfa and Bravo, both
short curlicue-type stems. The first
one, about i seed-length long. The
second one, a straight part, which
is around 2 seed-lengths long with a
little curlicue on the end. Seed
Charlie's got a major seed -major stem
coming out of the bottom which divides
into three. And then a couple of muall
roots structures coming out, one of
which goes up towards the front, very
thin and hairy. Okay, over on the
compartment 4, the big performer there
is the seed Bravo, which has moved
itself down toward the seed, right
into the place of seed Charlie, Alfa
and Charlie are not doing anything.
This one has, as far as I can see,
nothing but roots. I see no stems
whatsoever on this one. It has got
four long roots and two of them -
three of them come out the right-hand
side, one goes towards the back -
back bottom, one center bottom, and
one the front bottom. And one of the
front bottom turns up, goes forward.

027 17 57 05 SPT The one on the back bottom Just goes

up to the top right-hand back and I
cannot see where it goes from there.

027 17 57 20 SPT And - the root, there's a root down

the ... stopper. The top side of the
Dump Tape 027-05
Page 3 of 7

seed comes forward, goes up to the

front - towards the front, that's
long and hairy. Got another one which
comes out. They're really tough to
follow in the - in this. Thank ...
'cause agar's got a few little splits
in it. And - when the seeds get
there, the ... seed makes clear corners
here and there and they're tough to
figure. Okay, we got one root that
comes all the way out the bottom and
goes up towards the front of the case,
hits the front of the case and rebounds
and makes a diagonal across _rom the
bottom - from the top right to the
bottom left. Now as I look close
there is one stem in there. And let
me see if I can trace down where
the heck it is coming from. From the
top right hand corner, and it is
slightly green, slightly green. I
can only see about half an inch
worth of it. Darn if I can tell where
it's from. I'm sure he's gotta be
from seed Charlie, but I don't quite
see how it gets up there. I know what
I'll do. No, I won't. No, I won't.
Yeah, thing Just goes right along the
back and up with the - it goes - hits
the back, The green stem hits the
back, goes up to the top and makes
a little curlicue there. And it is
a light green, very light green.
Compartment 5 we've got too many seeds
in there. Alfa and Bravo both have
stems which are around 5 seed-lengths
long, roughly more than 4 for Bravo,
5 for Charlie - for Alfa, a little
curlicue on the end, they're not green.
Okay, our friendly compartment 6 has
got something going.

027 17 59 47 SPT Alfa is doing nothing, Charlie doing

nothing, but Bravo going great guns,
putting out - my gosh, I guess there's
a - right at the moment two seeds in
there for the place of a Bravo slot.
Yeah, I thir_k so. There's a - we'll
Dump Tape 027-05
Page h of 7

take a look here. The top seed called

Charlie has got a _ a root structure
coming out, going to the back at the
bottom. And one coming out - stem coming
out of the top, going towards the top
of the case, and then over to the
right-hand side, and that is white.
The bottom of Chsrlie - Bravo seed
has got a couple of stems coming out -
one is actually - it looks red. Yes,
it is. One which is around 2 seed-
lengths long, kinda curly at the end,
goes off to the top right-hand side,
is actually red - bro_mish red. Whether
it means it died or not, I'm not sure.
A gap coming out of the - a lot of
growth coming out the way of stems in
the bottom of this - bottom of seed
Charlie. Most of it goes up to the
back right-hand side of the container.
Along the top and then it has finally
come down along the front right-hand
side and makes a big curlicue, starts
going back - towards the back,
then towards the center of the case
and then changes its mind, and hits
the side again. But that part of
the stem here is green. It's got a
light green cant[?] to it. Looks
like a very thin blade of grass almost.
So we've got green going in compartment
6 as well. We kind of have the suspicion
that anywhere a - as I look at it,
anywhere a stem system happens
to encounter an appreciable amount
of light, if it's got any length to
it all. Then it is something involved
in the light it must have, then it
turns green.

027 18 01 59 SPT The short stems which do see light,

do not have - are not green; the
long stems _hich do see light are green.

027 18 02 06 SPT That's true in compartment i and

compartment 6. And slightly in
compartment h. Guess that's to
Dump Tape 027-05
Page 5 of 7

have - any generalizations you can

make. And I'm not sure whether that's
known and whether they have them -
the seeds on - in I g or not. Going
... over to compartment 7 we got
Bravo, Charlie, no growth. Alfa
has - if one - one stem which splits
into two, is not 2 seed-lengths long,
curly, going towards the back. No
biggie. C_upartment 8 has got Bravo
doing the only thing and that's just
got a short, i seed-length long stem,
weight going to its right-hand side
to another. Okay, generalizations.
Now to ... it grow. Those which have
long stems that make it to the point
where they can see some light turn
green. I would not say there's any
preferential growing, though, towards
the front of the case. I see green
stems turn around and start heading
right on back towards the other
direction. One case here rather
abruptly in compartment l, the one
that's on the top left-hand side,
it just makes a 135 degree turn.
Just goes straight back, just looks
like it was folded. Now one which
is up there at the top in Bravo
are interesting - I'm sorry in compartment
one, has started to turn back. That's
a green one and is around a third of
the way towards the back of the
container. Wonder if that'll turn
around and get smart. It ... coming
up to the front where it gets more
light. The stems, in general - well,
now wait a minute, now wait a minute.
One thing I guess I ought to say.
It's over in compartment 6. The stem
which comes down, goes to_rds the
back, makes a big - big U-turn from
the bottom rlght-hand side and then
goes up towards the front again, and
that's the one that turned slightly
Dump Tape 027-05
Page 6 of 7

027 18 04 26 SPT Well, maybe this is something

to it.

027 18 04 28 SPT But that's _,heonly one that

demonstrates it to me.

SPT I have not noticed a remarkable

amount of huddling of the stems
all but towards the front of
the case. Some make a turn and
go back; some make a turn and
go forward. If I were a
betting man, I'd say that
the length does not influence
the direction of travel of
the stem. They hamper
the grow in that direction
which brings them front,
then they turn green, if they
see some appreciable light.

SPT So again the evidence here

is rather shaky, so Y'm Just
a little suspicious of this.
I've got to face it right
now. I can't find any
consistent pattern.

SPT Well, even though this ...

to your photos .,. , we'll
keep these solids growing
and probably in about another
4 or 5 days, the last at
which time we're going
to have a chance to look
at them. And we'll Just
see how they look at that

SPT No consistent trend unfortunately.

Roots go to the front, towards
the light ; stems go to the
back, away from the light -
some do, some don't.

027 18 06 01 SPT SPT out.

Dump Tape 027-05
Page 7 of 7

027 18 09 25 SPT SPT at 18:09. Featuring

urine ... in Mll0. So
the subdivision is urine
drawers. Block 44 and
block 49 have been inter-
changed. That is, we have
a block 44-1/2 here and -
in input. This - and
that's the stuff that
was scheduled for -
drawer number - block
number 49. The - the
urine was put in 44 by
myself by mistake so
we'll Just interchange
44 and 49. So if you'll
change the two numbers
around on - on the drawers
everything will look the
same as specified in the
reservation [?] setup.

027 18 i0 16 SPT SPT out.

_ Dump Tape 027-06
Time: 027:18:41 to 027:02:00 GMT
Page i of 20

027 18 42 ]9 PLT Okay, the PLT; time is 18:42

and a half. Time to do the MONITOR
readings. Alfa 2 is reading 56;
Alfa 3, reading 86: Alfa 4, 92:
Alfa 5, 40: Alfa 6, off-scale low.
Bravo 2, 54; Bravo 3, 79; Bravo 8,
approximately i; Bravo 9, 59.
Charlie 2, 57; Charlie 3,88, okay;
Charle 4, 54, a little bit low;
Charlie 5, 83, okay; Charlie 6, 46;
Charlie 7, 53- Delta 2, 68;
Delta 3, 83: Delta 4, 45, okay,
a little bit low; Delta 5 is 14:
Delta 6, 55; Delta 7, 51. Delta
3 - Delta 4 is 45, ... a little
bit low, Delta 4.

CDR ...

PLT Yes.

CDR ... day ... hooked that on about

day i0 or 12 or something like. And I
couldn't remember where the hell I
got the pictures.

CREW ...

PLT Okay, waiting for T minus 5.

PLT What'd they do, Just give you a

few graphics coordinates?

CDR They didn't even give me that.

They just gave me the names
of them.


CDR It sounded like it was in the

handheld photography book.

CDR Aw, luck.

Dump Tape 027-06
Page 2 of 20

PLT What's the matter?

CDR l'm getting in a hurry and getting

. . ,

CDR ...

PLT yeah - -

CDR ...

PLT - - I got burned like that one day.

CDR ...

PLT Is it those four volcanoes

that are all in a row? Yeah,
they gave them to me
one day. I found two,
but I never was which - sure
two it was. That
picture isn't quite good
enough either.

027 18 47 08 PLT Okay, coming up on 5 minutes.

CDR ...

PLT no.

CDR ...

027 18 48 26 PLT Okay, coming up on T minus 5-

We'll go ahead with a 2, MODE,

027 18 48 33 PLT MARK. Okay. Waiting for 35 - 49:35.

PRESS TO TEST light both of them
are good. OVEETEMP light's off.

027 18 49 42 PLT Okay, got a READY light. Okay,

and the HEATER SWITCH OFF light
is off. Coming up on preoperate
configuration. TAPE RECORDER,
on READY, on. 192,ON.
Dump Tape C27-06
Page 3 of 20

Okay ... good. Should have

gone to CHECK, okay.
All right, 192. ON.
190, ON; READY_ on: cooler, ON
door is open. 90, ON, for now;
READY, out; STANDBY and the door
is open. I can see light. 93,RAD
out; 94, on; ready, on.
Stand by for operate. And
the first AUTO CAL will be at 3 minutes
past the hour.

CDR How do you read now, Bill.

PLT I read you 5 square.

CDR Okay.

PLT i guess that's just a little bit

too soon. Oh, it doesn't hurt
anything. I was looking at my

PLT Okay, standing by for 18:54.

CDR okay, you said that VTS, AUTO CAL was

going to be at 03 something?

PLT That's affirmative. That's 3 past the

Stand by for SCAT to STANDBY.

CDR Okay.

027 18 54 00 PLT MARK. Okay 18:54 SCAT to STANDBY. That'l! be

at 19:03, even.

CDR Yeah, we got a pretty solid overcast

so far.

CC Sounds like we've locked up with you.

_ We got you for about 15 mintuesthrough
the States.
Dump Tape 027-G6
Page 4 of 20

CDR Roger _ Bob.

CDR Now l'm seeing nothing but a

solid overcast right now.
I finally located those
volcanoes. I found a reference
to them in the Earth Observations
Catalog and found on the maps that
we have - the Eart observations maps,
some little crosses that show rougly where
they are.

CC That 's all you got. That 's

what I was going to refer yo to.

CDR Okay. I wish they'd have mentoned

that in the - in the pad. It would
have saved me a lot of sweating
- and strain looking for it.

CC Roger.

PLT ... to me.

CC Sure glad I didn't - I didn't --

CDR I knew l'd heard of them before because I

had them back on about day l0
or 12 or so, but it was cloudy and I couldn't
see them. But I couldn't remember where it
is I'd located pictures of them or - or
map coordinates or comething.

027 18 55 B8 PLT Okay, Ed, about 1 minute at 56:50 we'll


CDR Okay, coming up on Walker Lake. If I

don't see it inmlediately, I'm
going to shift to Red Lake
and Just forget it.
Dump Tape 027-06
Page 5 of 20

PLT i0 seconds for EREP START.

CDR Okay, I see the California coast and the

clouds are breaking some.

PLT Stand by -

027 18 56 O_ PLT MARK. EREP, START. 194, MODE to

MANUAL. We're off and running.

PLT Okay. Another 30 seconds for ETC

POWER 0N. Stand by for 56:30.

027 18 56 30 PLT MARK. 56:30. SCAT, ON; and


PLT Okay. Standing by for ETC


027 18 56 50 PLT MARK. ETC POWER, ON.

CDR Okay. I think I've got Lake Tahoe.

CDR Now, we're coming right over

Lake Tahoe.

PLT 56:43. On my mark, 190 MODE,

AUTO. And at 57:50 which is 20
seconds off. ETC to AUTO.

CDR Son of a gun, Walker Lake is the

only place that's got clouds over
it. It's socked in.

PLT Stand by -

027 18 57 43 PLT MARK. 57:43, 190 to MODE AUTO,

and stand by for ETC AUTO.


CDR Okay, going for Red Lake.

PLT ... MALF light on number 5.

CC Okay, guys be advised, you do have

anattitude error right now, but soon
as you get about 6 minutes into your
Dump Tape 027-06
Page 6 of 20

Z-LV, you should correct it.

PLT Okay, stand by 5 seconds, 58:20 -

027 18 58 21 PLT MARK, MODE, READY. And there we

go_ a good green TAPE MOTION igith.
Or e at.

CDR Okay. We got Red Lake loud and


PLT Oh, gotten - getting lots of good

192 data on that area down there.

027 18 59 44 CC Okay, guys. Be advised we have an

outer gimbal drive going on
currently. You got out about a
15 degrees attitude error.

CDR Okay.

CC Should be correcting itself, thought.

CDR Okay_ it's still looking itself,


CDR Okay, it's still looking good here,

outh through the VTS, anyway. Going
for Kathrine Playa now.

PLT Standing by. Yes, your cross track

angles are probably all screwed up.

CDR Yes, it's kind of cloudy out there

at Kathrine Playa way.

PLT Okay, standing by for 35 seconds

at - (tone) - now, okay, there
goes a caution and warning. Stand

CC It's - don't sweat. That's just - -

PLT I'll - I'll kick it off in Just

a minute. Stand by.
Dump Tape 027-06
Page 7 of 20

CC You're 2 degrees out. That's no

problem. Okay - -

027 19 00 35 PLT MARK. MODE to CHECK. Okay, I got

a minute here. I 'm going to go
flush that out. ETC to STANDBY
at 01:38, Ed.

CDR Okay. Crosstrack's the big error

and that's going to keep me from
finding old Kathrine, I think.
Scanning around.

PLT ...

CDR Where are you Kathrine?

-_ PLT Okay_reading4 - -

CDR Okay, I 're got Kathrine Playa,

but I can't - I don't have enough
gimbal to get there.

PLT 138. That's too bad..

CDR Son of a gun.

PLT ETC STANDBY at i plus 38, about

15 seconds, Ed.
They want REFERENCE 2 at 44.

CDR Too bad.

PLT Okay, stand by -

027 19 01 44 PLT MARK. 191 REFERENCE, 2.

027 19 01 51 PLT MARK. Got a READY, out on the

to 24.

CC Okay. Look, we need one of you to

break away. We're still going out
of attitude. Put in a 6- minute
maneuvertimeand entera zero

CDR I'll do it.

Dump Tape 027-06
Page 8 of 20

CC - - maneuver.

CDR Okay. 6-minute maneuver time, 50:30.

Want to go to STANDBY first, don't I?

PET He's got - he wants to go to

STANDBY first doesn't he?

CC It - it doesn't make any difference.

You can ... - -

CC Whatever way - all right. Yes,

right. Go to STANDBY, and then

PLT Okay. And I need to get an AUTO

CAL here at 3 minutes. Now
sweat on that. I can get that
easy. Back and make sure I
haven't skipped anything.
One - -

CDR Back to Z-LV.


CDR Okay, it's in, Crip.

CC Okay, this may not work. If it

does not, we'll probably have
to go ahead and terminate the -
the Z-LV.

CDR 0kay.

CDE I went to STANDBY, put in 6 minutes

maneuver, went back to Z-LV.

CC All right.

PLT About 8 seconds to go in AUTO

CAL, Jer.

CDR All right.

PLT Stand by -

027 19 03 O0 PLT MARK.

Dump Tape 027-06
Page 9 of 20

CDR You got it.

PLT VTS AUTO CAL. Thank you. Okay,


CDR Which way did we drift out, in ROLL?

CC That's affirmative, about X.

CDR Yes, that's too bad. Did it roll

to the right?

CC Minux X.

PLT Okay. About i minute for ETC

POWER ON, again. We carry on here
until you tell us, shouldn't we,

CDR Minus X.

PLT That would have rolled you to the

south, wouldn't it?

CDR Yes, is that right roll to the

south - the error?

CC Yes, that's affirm. That's affirm.

CDR Okay, that's why Kathrine Playa was

clear over on my left gimbal.

PLT Yes.

027 19 02 00 PLT MARK. 4 minutes, ALTIMETER to


CDR I'll have to stay to the left to

get these volcanos.

PLT Okay, Ed, coming up i0 seconds


f CDR Okay, we're comingup on the Guf of

Mexico. What l'm going to do is
Just track the coastline down. And
when ! get to - -
Dump Tape 927-06
Page i0 of 20

PLT Okay. Stand by for 04:30, VTS AUTO.

CDR - - the very bottom of it there which

is - whateve_ _ that bottom part
is, I'Ii just cut across.

027 19 Oh 30 PLT MARK. ETC, AUTO. 36, ! want


027 19 04 _6 PLT MARK. SCAT, STANDBY.

027 19 04 38 PLT MARK. RAD, STANDBY. 42, 93 A2_GLE -

okay, ANGLE HIGHT and PLUS 30.

027 19 Oh 55 PLT MARK. ETC, STANDBY.

CDR Okay, l've found the Pacific

coast now, just go down the
attitude looking now?

CC Looks like it's slowly coming


CDR Good show.

CDR It'll be a miracle if I find them now.

027 19 05 12 PLT SCAT, ON and PAD, ON. I got those

late, because I was trying to
figure out that - it will be
05:33 190 MODE to AUTO.

027 19 05 3.0 PLT MARK. 190 MODE to AUTO. 05:40 -

027 19 05 39 PLT MARK. I have a READY light on 191;

REFERENCE going to 6. And at 05:50,
in about 5 seconds, ETC to AUTO.

027 19 06 18 PLT MARK. SCAT, STANDBY.

027 19 06 2;-
) PLT MARK. RAD, STANDBY. 06:32 standby
for ETC going to STANDBY.

CDR Okay, the clouds here are going from

broken to overcast. This is up
around -

Dump Tape 027-06

I_af_.eIi of 20

027 19 06 52 PLT MARK. ETC STANDBY.

CDR Julapa (?).

CDR Okay, I'm already passed acquisition

time, for Santiaguito, and it's - -

PLT Stand by -

CDR Solid overcast.

CDR ...

027 19 07 06 PLT MARK. 07:05, MODE READY on 192.

Waiting for 07:14.

027 19 07 ;J5 PLT MARK. RAD OFF. Waiting for 20.

CDR ... to look at some of the hold

of the clouds, maybe I'ii see

027 19 07 21 PLT MARK. ALTIMETER, ON.

CDR I see a runway. Okay, let's

see, we should be overhead at 7:49.
Yup, l'm in the right area.
We're just - we're clouded over.
... all the way to the ...

PLT ... 08:16 -

027 19 08 17 PLT MARK. Okayg we wernt STANDBY, 192.

And I got a good ... down.
ALTIMETER UNLOCK light at 08:30.

CC Okay, we're about a minute from

LOS. Next station contact is
through the Vanguard, and that's
at 19:19. A little reminder,
you do not have the correct time
in to go back to solar inertial,
now, that's 90 minutes. So you'll
have to reenter that when you do
it. That should be during the
Vanguard pass. I'll give you a
reminder there.

Dump Tape 027-06

Page 12 oP 20

CDR Okay, thank you, Crip. We'll _ee

you there.

027 19 08 '_3 PLT ALTIMETER to STANDBY; MODE to 5.

CDR Looks like the volcanos are in

Guatamala 's are bummers. There's
just too much - oo many clouds.

CDR Copy. And your attitude is looking

good. You san probably expect
continued firing for desat.

PLT Waiting for 09:10.

027 19 09 20 PLT MARK. ALTIMETER, ON.

CDR Bay of Fonseca is all clouded over.

PLT Waiting for 09:30. I should get

a READY out on 190.

027 19 09 29 PLT MARK. IT's READY is out 2 seconds

early. MODE to STANDBY; FRAME 50.
Wow: 50.

PLT Okay, waiting for 10:18. We're

going to singles, but I don't know
why we set tha up like that.

CDR Well, that's too bad, darn it.

PLT Yes, it's too bad. Lose the one

target you know you can see.
Okay waitnig for 10:18.

CDR Now - -

SPT ...

CDR Say again?

SPT ...

CDR Okay, thanks.

027 19 l0 18 PLT MARK. 190 M3DE, SINGLE.


Dump Tape 027-06

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