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TEACHING "HUMAN SECURITY" IN THE POSTGRADUATE
AND MASTER'S DEGREE PROGRAMS
(04.04.05 INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS)

Ekaterinburg, 2016
Министерство образования и науки Российской Федерации
Уральский федеральный университет имени первого Президента России
Б.Н. Ельцина
Департамент международных отношений
Центр исследований и образования в области безопасности
и нераспространения

ОПЫТ ПРЕПОДАВАНИЯ ПО ТЕМАТИКЕ «БЕЗОПАСНОСТЬ ЧЕЛОВЕКА»


В АСПИРАНТУРЕ И МАГИСТРАТУРЕ ПО НАПРАВЛЕНИЮ
МЕЖДУНАРОДНЫЕ ОТНОШЕНИЯ

Методические рекомендации

Рекомендовано учебно-методической комиссией ИСПН УрФУ в качестве


методических рекомендаций для студентов, обучающихся по программам магистратуры
по направлению подготовки «Международные отношения» (41.04.05)

Екатеринбург
Издательство Уральского университета
2016

2
Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation
Ural Federal University
Department of International Relations
Center for Research and Education
in the Field of Security and Non-Proliferation
Institute of Social and Political Sciences

Teaching "Human Security" in the Postgraduate and Master's Degree


Programs (04.04.05 International Relations)

Ekaterinburg
Ural University Publishing House
2016
Авторы:
В.Д. Камынин
Ю.Ю. Ковалев
Е.А. Лапанович
А.В. Лямзин
Е.Б. Михайленко
Д.И. Победаш

Научный редактор

В. И. М и х а й л е н к о, доктор исторических наук, профессор, заведующий


кафедрой теории и истории международных отношений Уральского
федерального университета

Рецензенты
А.А. Жлоба, кандидат юридических наук, доцент кафедры экологического и
аграрного права Юридического факультета Белорусского государственного
университета;
Л.С. Щекалева, директор Информационно-образовательного центра атомных
городов Урала

Опыт преподавания тематики «Безопасность человека» в аспирантуре


и магистратуре по направлению Международные отношения : [методические
рекомендации] ; науч. ред. В.И. Михайленко ; М-во образования и науки Рос.
Федерации, Урал. Федерал. Ун-т. – Екатеринбург : Изд-во Урал. Ун-та, 2016 –
49 с.

В методических рекомендациях представлены материалы по структуре


магистерской программы и программы аспирантуры, а также содержание
модуля по «Безопасности человека», разработанного в рамках проекта
ТЕМПУС No. 530644-TEMPUS-1-2012-1-ES-TEMPUS-JPCR – «Безопасность
человека (окружающая среда, качество еды, здравоохранение и общество) на
территориях, зараженных радиоактивными веществами».
Этот проект был профинансирован Европейской комиссией.
Публикация отражает точку зрения только авторов, и Комиссия не несет
ответственности за дальнейшее использование материалов, содержащихся здесь.

© Уральский федеральный университет, 2016


© Камынин В.Д., Ковалев Ю.Ю.,
Лапанович Е.А., Лямзин А.В.,
Михайленко Е.Б., Михайленко В.И.,
Победаш Д.И.
Authors:
V.D. Kamynin
Y.Y. Kovalev
E.A. Lapanovich
A.V. Liamzin
E.B. Mikhaylenko
D.I. Pobedash

Editor:

V.I. Mikhaylenko, Doctor of Science of History, Professor, Head of the Chair of


Theory and History of International Relations, Ural Federal University

Reviewers
А.А. Zhloba, PhD, Associate Professor of the Law Department, Belorussian State
University;
L.S. Shcekaleva, Director of the Nuclear Cities Educational Information Center

Teaching "Human Security" in the Postgraduate and Master's Degree


Programs (specialization International Relations) : [guidelines]; editor.
V.I. Mikhailenko; Ministry of Education and Science of the RF, Ural. Federal.
Univ. – Ekaterinburg: Publishing House of the Ural Fed. Iniv., 2016 - 49 a.

The methodological recommendations to the Master’s and PhD programs


include information on the structure of the programs and the content of the "Human
Security" module, developed in the framework of the TEMPUS Project No. 530644-
TEMPUS-1-2012-1-ES-TEMPUS-JPCR – “Human Security (environment, quality of
food, public health and society) on the Territories Contaminated by Radioactive
Agents”.

This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This
publication reflects the views only of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held
responsible for any use, which may be made of the information contained therein.

© Ural Federal University, 2016


© Kamynin V.D., Kovalev Y.Y.,
Lapanovich E.A., Liamzin A.V.,
Mikhaylenko E.B., Mikhaylenko V.I.,
Pobedash D.I.
ПРЕДИСЛОВИЕ

В 2013 году исполняется 20 лет программе Европейского


Союза (ЕС) Темпус. Цель проекта – способствовать модернизации
высшего образования в партнерских (соседних) странах, оказывая
финансовую поддержку сбалансированному сотрудничеству между
высшими учебными заведениями стран ЕС и партнеров. Четвертый
этап программы (Темпус IV) должен завершиться в 2016 году.
Брошюра была создана в рамках Совместного Европейского
проекта Темпус «Безопасность Человека (окружающая среда,
качество еды, здравоохранение и общество) на территориях,
зараженных радиоактивными веществами», запущенного
в 2012 году. В проект ЕС вовлечены следующие участники:
Университет Кордобы (Испания) – координатор проекта,
Университет Пармы (Италия), Университет Флоренции (Италия),
Шведский университет сельскохозяйственных Наук (Швеция)
и Рижский технический университет (Латвия). Проект включает три
партнерские страны – Беларусь, Россия, Украина, представленных
следующими организациями: Белоруский государственный
университет, Международный экологический институт
им. А.Д. Сахарова, Гродненский государственный медицинский
университет, Гродненский государственный аграрный университет,
Воронежский государственный университет, Тюменский
государственный медицинский университет, Уральский
федеральный университет (Екатеринбург), Челябинский
государственный университет, Информационно-образовательные
центры ядерных городов, Винницкий национальный медицинский
университет, Житомирский государственный технологический
университет, Киевский международный университет,
Севастопольский национальный университет ядерной энергии
и промышленности, Полесский филиал украинского НИИ лесного
хозяйства и агролесомелиорации им Г. Высоцкого.
Можно выделить следующие задачи проекта:
1. Развивать междисциплинарные магистерские и докторские
(PhD) программы по тематике «Безопасность человека для людей,
живущих в местах, пострадавших от аварий на заводах
производящий ядерную энергию / использующих ядерное топливо
по следующим специальностям»:
Экология и исследования окружающей среды –
«Безопасность человека и окружающая среда»;

6
Контроль за качеством еды – «Безопасность человека
и качество еды»;
Медицина – «Безопасность человека и здравоохранение»;
Политические и социальные науки – «Безопасность человека
и общество»;
2. Ввести данные дисциплины в программы 12 университетов,
по 4 с каждой страны-партнера в сентябре 2014;
3. Развивать совместную систему улучшения профессиональных
качеств преподавательского состава университетов стран-партнеров.
Система должна концентрироваться на решении
междисциплинарных проблем для обеспечения высокого уровня
подготовки студентов программ магистратуры и аспирантуры.
Она должна быть запущена в январе 2015.
В ходе имплементации проекта ожидается достижение следующих
основных результатов:
Модифицированные междисциплинарные программы
магистратуры и докторантуры (PhD) с учетом изученного
европейского опыта и практики;
Совместная система улучшения профессиональных качеств
преподавательского состава университетов стран-партнеров;
Улучшение навыков 40 преподавателей из университетов
Беларуси, России и Украины в рамках обучающих стажировок
в европейских вузах;
Электронные образовательные материалы для поддержки
обучения студентов по представленным магистерским программам,
разработанные, опубликованные и размещенные в электронных
библиотеках;
Созданные ресурсные центры для обучения студентов по
программам магистратуры;
Первый выпуск студентов магистратуры, прошедших
обучение по междисциплинарным программам, включая
стажировки в европейских вузах;
Начало обучения в аспирантуре в рамках представленных
докторских (PhD) программ.
Представленная брошюра содержит основную информацию о
магистерской программе, разработанной в Уральском федеральном
университете по специальности 04.04.05 «Международные
отношения», направление «Глобальная и региональная
безопасность и урегулирование конфликтов» и аспирантской
программы: общие характеристики подготовки в магистратуре
в УрФУ; распределение содержания образовательных
и профессиональных программ в соответствии с общим объемом
7
кредитов и циклов обучения; специальность, расписание обучения;
учебный план; программа курса; перечень основных компетенций
специалиста, и некоторые другие документы. Брошюра составлена
для студентов, преподавателей и иных участников
образовательного процесса, а также для административного
персонала, вовлеченного в организацию образовательного процесса.
Кроме того, преподаватели и административный персонал
образовательных учреждений партнерских стран могут
использовать Брошюру для ознакомления с результатами проекта
Темпус. Результаты могут быть использованы для обучения
специалистов в регионах, пострадавших от аварий на ядерных
заводах или на заводах, использующих ядерное топливо.

8
СОДЕРЖАНИЕ

Предисловие
Список терминов и сокращений

ВВЕДЕНИЕ…………………………………………………………………………..10

ОБУЧЕНИЕ МАГИСТРАНТОВ В УРАЛЬСКОМ ФЕДЕРАЛЬНОМ


УНИВЕРСИТЕТЕ…………………………………….……………………………...19
Развитие двухуровневой образовательной системы в России и изменение
в подготовке студентов
в УрФУ……………………………………………………………………………….19
Общая информация о магистерских программах по направлению
международные отношения в Уральском федеральном
университете…………………………………………………………………………20

ПРОГРАММА МАГИСТРАТУРЫ ПО БЕЗОПАСНОСТИ ЧЕЛОВЕКА


В УРАЛЬСКОМ ФЕДЕРАЛЬНОМ
УНИВЕРСИТЕТЕ……………………………………………………………………24
Цели и задачи новой магистерской программы «Глобальная и региональная
безопасность и урегулирование
конфликтов»………………………………………………………………………….24
Модуль безопасность человека
и общество…………………………………...………………………………………25

ПРОГРАММА АСПИРАНТУРЫ…………………………………………………..26
Приложение I..…...…………………………………………………………………..27
Приложение II..………………………………………………………………………30
Приложение III……..………………………..………………………………………49

9
ВВЕДЕНИЕ

Эта публикация создана с целью продемонстрировать


образовательную программу выпускникам по специальности
«Международные отношения», которая должна обеспечить
доступный и современный обзор на проблемы человеческой
безопасности, исторический анализ радиоэкологических катастроф,
а также обеспечить инструкциями о том, как оценивать
экологические и социальные риски по этой проблеме, будущих
чиновников, технических специалистов, экспертов. В своей
структуре программа содержит модуль, состоящий из
специализированных курсов по человеческой безопасности
и обществу. За последние годы концепция «человеческой
безопасности» стала популярной, существует множество различных
интерпретаций и теоретических подходов к вопросам человеческой
безопасности. Данный модуль относится к междисциплинарным
исследованиям по радиационной и человеческой безопасности
в зараженных территориях и роли общества в выработке
социальной политики. Курсы модуля подготавливают студентов
для определения, разработки и осуществления эффективных
решений проблем окружающей среды на территориях,
подвергшихся эффекту радиации, как на национальном, так
и международном уровне. Важнейшая цель заключается в обучении
будущих ответственных лиц в правительстве, международных
структурах и некоммерческих организациях. Модуль основан на
концепции междисциплинарных исследований и предполагает
соединение программ дисциплин как в теоретических
исследованиях, так и в исследованиях окружающей среды. Модуль
«Безопасность человека и общество» составлен для того, чтобы
проверить способность студентов интегрировать теорию и практику
в систематический анализ и управление ключевыми проблемами
окружающей среды в междунарожную и региональную социальную
повестку.
Эта брошюра разделена на три основных части и содержит
три приложения.
Первая часть включает в себя краткое описание процесса
магистерского обучения в России и особенности магистерской
программы по направлению «Международные отношения».
Вторая часть представляет собой обзор истоков, целей
и структуры магистерской программы, содержащей модуль по
безопасности человека. Она сфокусирована на изменении
структуры магистерской программы, включая рекомендованные
базовые курсы и список необходимых курсов по выбору. Кроме

10
того, данный раздел предлагает возможный график имплементации
в учебный процесс программы магистратуры, включая
длительность в часах для каждого курса, а также показывает
взаимосвязь предыдущей и новой магистерских программ.
Третья часть содержит краткое описание особенности
подготовки по модулю «Безопасность человека» в аспирантуре.
Приложение 1 представляет структуру учебного плана
магистерской программы «Глобальная и региональная безопасность
и урегулирование конфликтов».
Приложение 2 представляет содержание новых
и усовершенствованных курсов по Человеческой безопасности.
Приложение 3 содержит структуру учебного плана
программы аспирантуры.

11
FOREWORD

In 2013 the European Union (EU) Tempus program celebrated its


20th anniversary. The aim of the program is to encourage modernization
of higher education in partner countries (neighboring countries) supporting
financially the balanced cooperation of higher educational establishments
(primarily, universities) of the EU member states and partner countries.
The fourth phase of the Program (Tempus IV) is to be finished in 2016.
The brochure was created within the framework of the Joint
European Tempus Project “Human Security (environment, quality of
food, public health, and society) on Territories Contaminated by
Radioactive Agents”, the implementation of which started in 2012. The
EU project participants are: University of Cordoba (Spain) – Project
Coordinator, University of Parma (Italy), University of Florence (Italy),
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (Sweden) and Riga
Technical University (Latvia). The project involves three partner
countries – Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine, represented by the following
institutions: Belarusian State University, International Sakharov
Environmental University, Grodno State Medical University, Grodno
State Agrarian University, Voronezh State University, Tyumen State
Medical Academy, Ural Federal University (Ekaterinburg), Chelyabinsk
State University, Nuclear Cities Educational Information Center, Vinnitsa
National Medical University, Zhytomyr State Technological University,
Kyiv International University, Sevastopol National University of Nuclear
Energy and Industry, Polissya branch of G.M. Vysotsky Ukrainian
Research Institute of Forestry and Forest Melioration.
The main objectives of the project are:
1. To develop the interdisciplinary Master’s and Doctoral (PhD)
programs in the field of Human Security of people living in areas
affected by accidents at nuclear power plants / nuclear fuel
processing plants for the following specialties:
Ecology and Environment Sciences – “Human Security and
Environment”;
Food quality control – “Human Security and Quality of Food”;
Medicine – “Human Security and Public Health”;
Political and Social Sciences – “Human Security and Society”;

12
2. To implement these programs at 12 universities, 4 from each
partner country in September 2014.
3. To develop a joint system of upgrading the professional skills of
teaching staff of partner countries’ universities. The system should
concentrate on solving interdisciplinary problems to ensure a high
level of training of Master’s and Doctoral programs students, and
to be implemented in January 2015.
During the project implementation, it is expected to achieve the
following main results:
To modify interdisciplinary Master’s and Doctoral (PhD)
programs taking into account the studied European experience
and practice;
To work out a joint system of upgrading professional skills of
teaching staff in partner countries’ universities;
To upgrade teaching skills of 40 teachers from the Belarusian,
Russian and Ukrainian universities within the training sessions at
the European universities;
To develop, educational and training materials that support
students’ teaching within the introduced Master’s programs, have
them published and placed in the E- library;
To establish the Resource Centers for teaching students within
the Master’s programs;
To achieve the graduation of the first Master’s students who
were trained in accordance with the standards of the
interdisciplinary approach, including internships at the EU
universities;
To commence the Postgraduate training within the introduced
Doctoral (PhD) programs.

The proposed brochure provides the basic information on the


Master’s program, developed at Ural Federal University (specialty
04.04.05 “International Relations”, specialization "Global and
Regional Security and Conflict Management” and Doctoral Studies):
general characteristics of Masters’ training at UrFU; distribution of
educational and professional programs content according to the total
volume of credits and to the cycles of training; specialty, schedule of
training; curriculum; syllabi; list of the main competencies of a specialist,

13
and some other documents. The brochure is written for students, teachers,
and other participants of the training process and for the administrative
personnel who are engaged in planning and organization of the teaching
process. Besides, the teachers and administrative personnel of the
educational establishments of the partner countries can use the brochure to
know the results of the Tempus Project. The results can be used in the
process of training specialists for the regions that suffered from nuclear
power plants / nuclear fuel reprocessing plants accidents.

14
CONTENTS

Forewords
List of abbreviations and terms

INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................ 17
MASTER’S TRAINING AT URAL FEDERAL UNIVERSITY ....................................... 19
Development of Two-Level Educational System in Russia and transformation of
Graduate training at UrFU ................................................................................................................. 19
General Information on Master’s Programs in the sphere of International Relations at
Ural Federal University ....................................................................................................................... 20
MASTER’S PROGRAMME IN HUMAN SECURITY AT URAL FEDERAL
UNIVERSITY ....................................................................................................................... 23
Aim and objectives of the new Master’s Program “Global and regional Security and
Conflict Management” ........................................................................................................................ 23
Human Security and Society Module ............................................................................................. 24
DOCTORAL PROGRAM .................................................................................................... 26
Appendix I .......................................................................................................................... 27
Appendix II ......................................................................................................................... 30
Appendix III ....................................................................................................................... 49

15
ABBREVIATIONS & TERMS

ACADEMIC Hours, which are planned for each course.


HOURS Academic hours include teaching hours and
hours for students’ out-of-class work.
CONTACT Hours, which are planned for in-class work
HOURS (contact hours).
COURSE Discipline
CREDIT One credit is equal to 36 academic hours.
CREDIT SYSTEM A systematic way of describing an
educational program by attaching credits to
its components. The Credit System is based
on different parameters, such as students’
workload, learning outcomes and contact
hours.
ELECTIVES Elective courses
FOUNDATIONAL Courses which are obligatory for all
COURSES Master’s students of the specialty 41.04.05
“International Relations”
HS Human Security
IR International Relations
MODULE Set of courses which are united under the
general concept or topic
PROFESSIONAL Required courses for all Master’s students
COURSES of the specialty 41.04.05 “International
Relations”
SPECIAL Courses which are developed by each
COURSES University independently according to the
aims of a concrete Master’s program
THEME Course can include several topics or
problems which are united into a general
theme

16
INTRODUCTION

This publication is to demonstrate the educational program to IR


graduates; it is to provide an accessible and current overview of Human
Security, a historical analysis of radioecological catastrophes and provide
future policymakers, technical specialists, and experts with the guidelines
on the evaluation of ecological and social risks of these issues. The
program includes the module of specialized courses on Human Security
and Society in its structure. The concept of Human Security has become
popular during the last years; there are many different interpretations and
theoretical approaches to Human Security issues. This module refers to
cross-disciplinary studies of radiation security, human security in the
contaminated territories and the role of society in elaborating human-
oriented policy. The courses of the module prepare students for
identifying, developing and implementing effective solutions to
environmental challenges on territories contaminated by radiation, both in
a national and in an international context. The primary objective is to
educate future decision-makers in government, international structures,
and non-profit organizations. The Module is based on the Concept of
Interdisciplinary Studies (CIT) and offers the convergent disciplinary
curricula in both theoretical and environmental studies. «Human Security
and Society» module is designed to challenge students' ability to integrate
theory and practice for systematic analysis, and management of key
environmental problems in international and regional social contexts.
This publication is divided into three main sections and includes
three appendices.
Section 1 briefly describes the development of the Master’s
training in Russia and focuses on the special characteristics of a typical
Master’s program in IR.
Section 2 provides an overview of the background, objectives and
structure of the Master’s program with the added module on Human
Security. It focuses on the re-structuring of the Master’s program,
including the recommended prerequisite courses and the list of required
and elective courses. It proposes a pre-thesis practice. Further, this
section indicates a possible schedule for the implementation of the
Master’s program, including duration in hours for each course, and
illustrates the interrelation between the previous Master’s program and
the new one.
17
Section 3 gives short information on the PhD program that includes
courses on Human Security.
Appendix I presents the structure of the Master’s Program
curriculum on Global and Regional Security and Conflict Management.
Appendix II contains the syllabi of the new and modernized
courses on Human Security.
Appendix III is comprised of the structure of the Doctoral
curriculum.

18
MASTER’S TRAINING AT URAL FEDERAL UNIVERSITY

Development of Two-Level Educational System in Russia and


transformation of Postgraduate training at UrFU

The idea of a two-level structure in the Russian higher education


system emerged at the beginning of the 2000s when the second version of
the State Educational Standards was adopted. It included a compromise, a
system of the three levels of education: 5-year study (Specialist), 4-year
study (Bachelor) and 2-year study (Master). Universities could choose
what type (types) of educational programs they want to license.
Specialists as well as Bachelors had opportunity to be admitted to
Master’s programs. It was the compromise between the introduction of
Bologna process in higher education system and the firm resistance of
universities’ rectors to adopt a two-level system of education. Many
universities, especially technical, pedagogical, and medical ones, had
refused to license the Bachelor’s and Master’s programs. During a long
period, Master’s programs were seen as similar to Post-graduate ones.
In 2003, the new State Educational Standard for the IR Study was
adopted by the Russian Ministry of Education; and the Department of IR
prepared documents for the accreditation commission for opening all
three types of programs. The first Master’s program aimed at giving basic
knowledge in IR Issues and there was no special name for it. The
University could include 70 per cent of its own courses in it. Thirty per
cent of courses were recommended by the Standard. The first groups of
students were very small; according to the state funding of this program
there were only 2 scholarships, so during the first years there were up to 5
students in a group in each admission. Many students preferred classical
Soviet system of 5-year program, because many employers did not
understand what a Bachelor is, nor they clearly understood what was the
difference between a Specialist and a graduate student. The first Master’s
programs did not bring substantial income and its implementation
depended on the ability of the Department’s administration to transfer the
inner funds.
In the middle of the 2000s it became clear that training of graduate
students should be more specific and applied to regional demands; many
Master's programs became highly specialized; amendments were made to
the curriculum in line with the objectives and the needs of employment.
19
In 2007 the Department of IR seriously changed its Master’s program in
such a way that it aimed at preparing employees for governmental
agencies, regional ministries, etc. In 2007 some courses on
Nonproliferation Issues (Export Control, Political Risks in Energy
Security, Terrorism Studies) were included in the new curriculum.
The process of restructuring of the higher education system in
Russia was and is very complicated. A great part of Russian universities
had not used the opportunity of testing the two-level training and
continued to train 5-years students. Especially technical universities had
been firmly opposed to this issue. In 2011-2014 the new Educational
Standards were developed by leading universities. New educational
programs include the new elements such as module’s system,
competence-based approach, qualifications framework, learning
outcomes, joint curricula, assessment of students’ activities, etc.

General Information on Master’s Programs in the sphere of


International Relations at Ural Federal University

Specialty and training programs. All educational programs in


Russia are developed in the framework of concrete specialty. Department
of IR develops both Master’s and Bachelor’s programs in the framework
of specialty “IR”. Department enrolls students in two educational
programs in the framework of specialty “IR” – “Global and Regional
Security” and “International Law Issues and IR”.

Training period. In Russia an academic year is divided into the


two semesters: the fall semester and the spring one. The fall semester
starts in the first week of September and ends in the middle of January.
The second semester begins in February and ends in June. The duration
of a semester at UrFU is about 18 weeks. There is one more peculiarity
regarding semesters in Russia: after the ending of lecture courses, there is
a three-week period for preparing and taking exams (for example, during
a semester there are three lecture courses; students should have time at
the end of the semester to prepare and pass these lecture courses’ exams).
At Ural Federal University in the framework of Master’s training
only three semesters have lecture courses, the spring semester of the

20
second year is free from classes, and students have an opportunity
to conduct research and to write their thesis.

Curriculum. Curriculum is a list of courses, offered for Master’s


program students. At Ural Federal University a curriculum includes
foundational (obligatory) courses, courses of specialization and elective
courses. As a rule, students have a good opportunity to choose different
courses in the framework of their gratitude studies. The main task of
a student is to get a certain number of credits per semester. At UrFU
students should get 120 credits for the whole period of training
(see Table 1):

Table 1. Statistics on the distribution of credits in the curriculum


of the UrFU Master's program
Parts of Curriculum Ural Federal
University
(Credits)1
The educational part of curriculum (lecture 63
courses, seminars, workshops)
Other (Internship, thesis) 57
Total 120

Here it is the distribution of credits per semesters (see Table 2)

Table 2. Statistics on the distribution of credits per semesters in the


curriculum of the UrFU Master's program
Semesters Ural Federal
University
(credits per semester)
st
The 1 (fall) semester 30
nd
The 2 (spring) semester 30
rd
The 3 (fall) semester 30
th
The 4 (spring) semester 30
Total 120

1
Curriculum of Master’s program “Global and regional security and conflict management”, Ural
Federal University, is designed on the base of State Educational Standards of the Russian Federation
(Decree of the Ministry of Education of the RF № 225, 29.03.2010).
21
A curriculum of an UrFU Master’s program have several modules,
some of these modules are obligatory or highly recommended for
participation, and some modules have a list of courses, which students
can choose according to their professional interests. At Russian
universities all Master’s programs have the two obligatory modules
(foundational courses and professional specialized courses). The list of
courses for these two modules is drawn up not by the university or
a department itself, but by the Main University, which is responsible for
preparing documents for the Ministry of Education for each educational
program. The University’s team according to the specialization of
Master’s program constitutes the other modules in accordance with
a concrete Master’s program. The Foundational and Professional modules
for Global and Regional Security program, which is based on the
International Relation Studies Standard, are drawn up by MGIMO-
University.
The curriculum of Master’s Program “Global and Regional
Security” is the basic program in IR at the Department. The curriculum of
the program and its translation is at the Appendix 1. Here are the main
modules of this Master’s Program (see Table 3).

Table 3. Comparison of mandatory and optional modules of the


Master's program
Modules Number of Credits
Required Courses (Foundational courses & 24
Professional module in IR issues)
Special courses (developed by UrFU and can 8
be transformed)
Electives (developed by UrFU and can be 24
transformed)
Pre-thesis practice and thesis writing 30
Internship 24
Exam 6
Total 120

The description of the elements typical for Master’s training in the


Russian Federation and at Ural Federal University helps to understand
some differences of Master’s training in Russia from that in Europe,
Ukraine or Belarus.
22
MASTER’S PROGRAM IN HUMAN SECURITY AT URAL
FEDERAL UNIVERSITY
Aim and objectives of the new Master’s Program “Global
and regional Security and Conflict Management”

HS has become the basic concept and doctrine in nowadays life.


HS can be explained as the protection of the foundations of human lives
through enhancing human freedoms and their implementation. HS means
protecting fundamental freedoms. It intends protecting people from
serious and pervasive threats and situations by strengthening their power
and empowerment. It also means creating political, social, environmental,
economic, military and cultural systems that provide people with the
basic elements for the survival, dignity and existence.
The high level of anxiety remains a significant social and
psychological consequence for people living in the disaster areas of
radioactive contamination. Inappropriately high level of anxiety reduces
their quality of life, accompanied by psychological maladjustment,
increased levels of physical morbidity.
With projection of an increase in nuclear energy demands, it is
becoming clearer that this nuclear revival will not be limited to countries
with extensive experience in nuclear programs, but will also affect those
with currently limited nuclear activities and countries planning to expand
their nuclear activities in the future. Hence, there is a demonstrated
increased need for well-qualified experts, specialists in converged area of
radiological, ecological, and social studies in order to promote the
enhancing norms of HS on the contaminated territories. The concept of
“Human Security” has become popular during the last years and there are
many different interpretation and theoretical approaches towards HS
issues. In Russian Master’s programs this issue is not well examined
either by Professors or by graduates. Aspects of HS towards health, food,
ecology and human society on the contaminated territories have become
vitally important for Russia after the Chernobyl catastrophe and came to
forefront again after the Fukushima accident. Ural is the region where the
main nuclear facilities of Russia are located. So developing a Master’s
program in order to promote information on HS issues has become
important for Ural Federal University.
A new Module on HS in Master’s Program “Global and Regional
Security” was developed in the framework of specialty “IR”. It was
23
decided to integrate the new module into existing curriculum and add
some new topics into required courses. Thus, the program “Global and
Regional Security” formed the basis.
The structure of the proposed Master’s program curriculum with
the Module on Human Security is in the Appendix I.

Human Security and Society Module

“Human Security and Society” is a convergence-based module for


graduate and post-graduate students. This module deals with cross-
disciplinary studies of radiation security, HS on the contaminated
territories and the role of society in elaborating human-oriented policy.
The module’s courses prepare students for identifying, developing and
implementing effective solutions to environmental challenges in the
radiation contaminated territories, both in a national and in an
international context. Their aim is to educate future decision-makers in
government, international structures, and non-profit organizations. The
module is based on the Concept of Interdisciplinary Studies (CIT) and
offers a convergent disciplinary curricula in theoretical and
environmental studies that challenge students' ability to integrate theory
and practice for systematic analysis, and management of key
environmental problems in international and regional social contexts.
As a cross-disciplinary development approach, the Module
comprises not only various forms of radiation, environmental, and human
safety and security; it also refers to the issues of non-traditional security
challenges such as disasters, human factor, human rights on the
contaminated territories, psychological and social consequences of
radiation threats.
The aims and objectives of the Module and CIT approach determine
the following structure of the Module (courses):

Table 5. Structure of the Teaching issues on “HSS”


N Module/ Course Credits Contact Semester
Hours
1. Required Courses / Course 3 12 1
“Global Security”
(New sub-themes on HS and
project work)
24
2. Required Courses / Course 1 4 1
“Thesaurus of an International
Relations Researcher”
(New sub-themes on HS and
project work)
3. Electives / Module on HS 3 24 2
Issues
Course “Historical And Social
Consequences of Radioactive
Disasters And Problems of
Human Security”
4. Electives / Module on Human 3 24 2
Security Issues
Course “Sustainable
Development Issues”
5. Pre-Thesis Practice and 30 2,3,4
Thesis Writing
TOTAL 40 64

These courses integrate different approaches towards theoretical


understanding of HS and radiological approach, perceptions of radiation
disasters in human psychology and in society and the role of law and
implementations of human rights on the contaminated territories. The
three Universities involved in the Module implementation are Ural
Federal University, Chelyabinsk State University, and Belarusian State
University.
Students who choose Master’s Program on HS will have an
opportunity to receive significant theoretical and historical background
on HS issues on the contaminated territories, as well as develop practical
analytical skills for the evaluation of social problems in the areas where
nuclear facilities are located.
The Pre-Thesis Practice and Research in the framework of Master’s
Program are devoted to the aspects of HS.

25
DOCTORAL PROGRAM

Implementation of the Tempus Project into the


curriculum of the Doctoral program

The curriculum of the doctoral program 46.06.01 “Historical


sciences and archeology” (07.00.15 – History of International Relations
and Foreign Policy) for up to 3 years of training (180 credits), was
adopted in 2014. During these three years, Doctoral students are to
accomplish their training that includes required and elective disciplines,
to pass the state exams and to present their final thesis. The students are
to take the prerequisite courses as well as the elective ones and to work
during the research seminars.
Both the prerequisite and elective courses as well as the research
seminars are taught by the academics of the Chair of Theory and History
of International Relations including the participants of the Tempus
Project (Doctor of Science of History, Professor V.I. Mikhaylenko and
Doctor of Science of History, Professor V.D. Kamynin).
The problems related to the Tempus Project are included into the
required course “Globalization and security challenges”
(V.I. Mikhaylenko) (3 credits). The theme within this course “New
security challenges” includes the following topics: Security. The basic
concepts. Modern security challenges. New and traditional security
challenges. Human security ensuring.
V.D. Kamynin teaches the elective course “Social and Historical
and Social Consequences of Radioactive Disasters and Problems of
Human Security” (3 credits).
PhD theses deal with HS issues. Postgraduate students choosing
these kinds of themes are involved in the process of the research seminar
“The Basics of PhD students’ Research” (6 credits). This seminar is held
during the entire Postgraduate training.
The research seminar “The Basics of PhD students’ Research” is
conducted by the scientific advisers of PhD students, including the
Tempus Project participants.

26
Appendix I
Curriculum of the Master’s Program “Global and Regional Security
and Conflict Management”

N Module/Course Credits Comments


Required Courses
Module “ Contemporary
1 12
International Processes ”
1.1. Project work 4
The Evolution of Contemporary
1.2. International Relations and 4
Russian Foreign Policy
1.3. Global Security 4
Module “Methodology of
2 Scientific Research in 6
International Relations”
2.1. Project work 1
Methodology of Scientific 3
2.2. Discourse in Contemporary
International Relations
Methods of International Issues 2
2.3.
Expert Evaluation
Module “Foreign Language for 6
3
Professional Communication”
Thesaurus of International 3
3.1.
Relations
Foreign Language for Academic 3
3.2.
and Scientific Purposes
Special courses
Module “Conflicts and Security 12
4
in International Relations”
4.1. Project work 2
Modern Foreign Policy Strategy 4
4.2.
and International Conflicts
4.3. Geopolitics and Geoconflictology 3
Non-State Actors of World 3
4.4.
Politics (in English)
Module “International Legal 6
5
Aspects of Security”
Theory of Diplomacy and the 3
5.1.
Contemporary Diplomatic System
27
Contemporary Issues in 3
5.2.
International Law
Electives
Module “Diplomacy And 6
6
Negotiation Process”
6.1. Project work 1 Group of electives 1
6.2. Ethnic Diplomacy 3
6.3. Diplomatic Practicum 2
Module “Applied Analysis of 6
7 International Relations and
World Politics”
7.1. Project work 1 Group of electives 1
The Media and Information 2
7.2.
Security
Applied Analysis of Foreign 3
7.3.
Policy Process (in English)
Module “ Regional Aspects of 6
8
Security ”
Theory of Regionalism and 3 Group of electives 2
8.1. Security Issues in Eurasia (in
English)
Regional Aspects of Nuclear Non- 3
8.2.
Proliferation (in English)
Module “Regional Integration 6
9
And Security Issues”
Regional Integration and Security 3 Group of electives 2
9.1.
in Asia
Regional Organizations in the 3
9.2.
Post-Soviet Space (in English)
Module “Regionalism and the 6
10
EU Foreign Policy”
10.1. The EU External Regional Policy 3 Group of electives 2
10.2. The EU Policy in Asia 3
Module “Economic Aspects of 6
11
Security”
11.1. Innovative World Economies 3 Group of electives 3
11.2. Energy Diplomacy 3
Module “Human Security 6
12
Issues”
12.1. Sustainable Development Issues 3 Group of electives 3

28
Historical and Social Aspects of 3
12.2. Radioactive Catastrophes and
Human Security Issues
13 Minors 3
14 Trainings, including thesis 51
14.1. Thesis 30
14.2. On-the-job training 6
14.3. Pedagogical skills training 3
14.4. Pre-graduation training 6
15 State Final Examination 6
15.1. Final Interdisciplinary State Exam 3
15.2. Master’s thesis 3

29
Appendix II
Master’s Program “Global and Regional Security and Conflict
management”
Department of International Relations, Ural Federal University
Autumn 2016

Module: Contemporary International Relations


Course: GLOBAL SECURITY ISSUES2
Dates: September - December, 2016
Times: TBA
Classroom location: TBA
Credits: 4
Hours per week: 4
Project: 2 Credits
Prerequisites: none
Instructor: Ekaterina Mikhaylenko
Office location: 386
Office hours: TBA
E-mail: ekamikhaylenko@gmail.com

Course Syllabus

Overview. The course is an interdisciplinary overview covering some of


the most pressing international security problems the world faces
today. The course addresses such issues like what Security Studies means,
what it means to be secure, and how something actually becomes a
security issue. The course combines several theories of Security Studies,
each supplemented with a case study describing actual challenges and
threats to global security. The course has four main objectives:
1. to teach students traditional and alternative social science theories
in order to understand contemporary international security
problems;
2. to provide the basic technical and scientific information necessary
to understand the entirety of such problems;
3. to explore the policy options that are available to decision-makers
in the RF and other states;
4. to inspire students and provide them with the intellectual tools
needed in order to continue studying international and global
security issues after the end of the course.
In order to complete the course successfully, all students are expected to
1) attend the lectures; 2) know the reading materials; 3) participate in the

2More information about the course see Electronic Resource №12073 [Web-Site]
URL: https://study.urfu.ru/Aid/ViewMeta/12073
30
seminars; 4) complete the weekly assignments; and 5) pass the midterm
and final exams.

Lectures and reading materials. Participating in the lectures and


reading the assigned papers is the most essential part of the course. All
enrolled students are therefore expected to participate in all lectures and
read all the papers assigned.

Seminars. The seminars are organized and conducted by the Instructor.


The student performance at the seminars will be assessed based on the
three criteria: attendance, preparedness, and activity.

Assignments. For each part of the course there will be an individual


assignment to write a short paper addressing a specific question. The
assignments will be graded and commented by the Instructor with
a paragraph-length comment.

Exams. There will be a midterm exam after the first half of the course.
The final exam will be given after the entire course is completed. Both
the midterm and the final exams consist of in-class short, test questions.
In addition to the in-class exam, the final exam additionally consists of
a home-take assignment.

Plagiarism and Cheating. Plagiarism is the use of somebody's work as


one's own, without quotation marks and references to the original source.
Cheating is the use of materials that are not allowed at the exam. Neither
plagiarism nor cheating is allowed under any circumstances whatsoever.

Grading. The course grade will be determined by the four factors:


weekly assignments (30%), seminar participation (20%), mid-term exam
(20%), and final exam (30%). All weekly assignments, midterms, and
finals will be graded with points ranging from 40 to 100. The points will
be converted into the final grade according to the following rule:

Numbers Grade Russian Grade


100-90 A 5
89-80 B 4
79-70 C 3
69-59 D 2
58-0 F (Fail) 1

31
INTRODUCTION

Week 1.
Lecture 1. Course Introduction

PART 1: GLOBAL TRENDS


Week 2.
Lecture 2. Globalization
Seminar 1. Globalization

Week 3.
Lecture 3. Fragmentation, Localization
Seminar 2. Glocalization

Week 4.
Lecture 3. Globalization and Economic In-Security
Seminar 3. Globalization and economic security of RF

Week 5.
Lecture 5. Hegemony in IR
Seminar 4. Global Governance or What Does America want to do?

Week 6. Global Technological Trends


Seminar 6. Informational Revolutions and their consequences

PART 2. GLOBAL SECURITY

Week 7.
Lecture 7. Critical Security Approaches: Social Constructivism,
Gender and Security, Human Security
Lecture 8. Copenhagen School of Thought

Week 8.
Lecture 8. Theorizing Global Security: Russian Schools of Thought
Seminar 7. Critical Thinking Towards Global Security Issues

Week 9.
Lecture 9. Broadening and Deepening the Security Agenda: “Old”
and “New” challenges towards Global Security
Seminar 8. Weapons of Mass Destruction: Nuclear Weapon
Nonproliferation and Disarmament

32
Week 10.
Seminar 9. Weapons of Mass Destruction: Biological and Chemical
Warfare
Seminar 10. Terrorism

Week 11.
Seminar 11. Conflict and Humanitarian Intervention

MID-TERM EXAM

Week 12.
Seminar 12. The Defense Trade
Seminar 13. Transnational Crime

Week 13.
Lecture 10. Sustainable Development: Theoretical and Analytical
Approaches Concerning Ecological Issues.
Lecture 11. Ecological Implications of Development and the Range of
Actions and Responses to Ecological Issues.

Week 14.
Seminar 14. Environmental Security

Week 15.
Seminar 15. Health and Security
Seminar 16. Energy Security

Week 17.
Seminar 17. The Past, Present, and Future of Global Security Studies

Week 18.
Seminar 18. Course Wrap-up and Discussion

FINAL EXAM

33
Master’s Program “Global and Regional Security and Conflict
Management”
Department of International Relations, Ural Federal University
Autumn 2016

Course: Historical and Social Consequences of Radioactive Disasters


and Problems of Human Security
Dates: September – December 2017
Times: TBA
Classroom location: TBA
Credits: 6
Hours per week: 4
Prerequisites: none
Professor: Vladimir Kamynin
Associate Professor: Andrey Lyamzin
Office location: 386
Office hours: TBA
E-mail: kamyninv@yandex.ru; lyamzin@mail.ru

INTRODUCTION

Overview. The course "Social and Historical Consequences of


Radioactive Accidents and Problems of Human Security" is included in
the curriculum as an elective course (according to students’ choices).
The history of the Soviet atomic project has attracted more and more
attention of researchers in recent years.
The Soviet nuclear project consisted of the following parts:
The military part – the Soviet atomic bomb project – included basic
research, development of technologies and their practical implementation
in the USSR aimed at creating weapons of mass destruction with the use
of nuclear energy. Soviet activity in this area largely intensified because
of the research activities at the scientific institutions and military
industries of Western countries, including Nazi Germany, and then in the
United States.
The economic part – the creation of the Soviet nuclear industry – was
devoted to the construction of plants producing fissile materials for
warheads (enriched uranium for a uranium bomb, weapon-grade
plutonium – for a plutonium bomb), facilities for production and
processing of nuclear materials; as well as facilities that provide storage
of nuclear materials.
The social part focused on the establishment of the infrastructure required
(e.g., closed cities), development of specific legislation to regulate

34
working conditions of nuclear power plants employees and lives of
people in the closed cities and territories contaminated by radioactive
accidents.
The objectives of the course are to provide graduates with the information
and skills in the field of contemporary issues of ensuring international
and Russian national security.

35
CONTENTS

Unit Topics
The beginning of radioactivity research in the
USSR. World War II and its impact on the
intensification of the Soviet nuclear project.
Implementation of the nuclear project at the
History of the Soviet beginning of the Cold War. The system of the
Atomic Industry Soviet nuclear industry. Khrushchev thaw and the
development of nuclear technology. Détente and
changes in the Soviet nuclear industry. The new
foreign policy of Gorbachev and its impact on the
nuclear industry in the USSR.
Totskiy landfill and nuclear tests in 1954, problems
Nuclear Tests of the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site. The cessation
of nuclear tests.
Poisoning the Techa River basin in 1947–1951
years. The accident at the plant "Mayak" in 1957
and the East-Ural radioactive trace. Wind
Nuclear Accidents in the separation of radioactive nuclides in the 1967
USSR accident at the Beloyarsk nuclear power plant in
1979. Radiation accident at the factory "Red
Sormovo" (Nizhny Novgorod) in 1979. The
Chernobyl disaster in 1986.
The evolution of norms and standards for the
protection of workers and the local population on
the territory of nuclear plants. The behavior of the
The Strategy of Social
state in terms of responding to a radioactive
Policy in Contaminated
catastrophe, transformation of state approaches.
Areas
Reporting and interpretation of radioactive
accidents in the state press, censorship and the
impact of the foreign press.
The daily life of the closed cities, food, medical
care, security and human rights restrictions. The
The Daily Life of the
perception of the local population of the state policy
Closed Cities
before and after radioactive accidents. Rumors,
myths, panic and social protests.
The Chernobyl disaster and the growth of
skepticism to the nuclear industry. Nuclear
Modern Problems of the
renaissance in 2000–2011. The accident at
World Nuclear Industry
Fukushima in 2011 and the end of nuclear
romanticism. The problem of nuclear waste. The

36
modern experience of emergency response at
nuclear plants. The model of bilateral cooperation
between governmental and non-governmental
actors to address the problems associated with
radiation. Public participation in decisions affecting
the environment.

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

Basic bibliography:
1. Jenciklopedija «Atomnye goroda Urala. Gorod Lesnoj»,
Ekaterinburg, 2012.
2. Kompleksnyj doklad o sostojanii okruzhajushhej prirodnoj sredy
v Cheljabinskoj oblasti v 2011 g.: inform. sb. Cheljabinsk, 2012.
3. Kuznecov V. N. Jelektromagnitnyj sposob poluchenija
obogashhenija urana dlja atomnoj bomby: hronologija prinjatija
pravitel'stvennyh reshenij // Industrial'naja Rossija: vchera, segodnja,
zavtra. Ekaterinburg: Izd-vo UMC – UPI. Ekaterinburg. 2012.
S. 332–337.
4. Kuznecov V. N. Zavod № 814 v atomnom proekte SSSR //
Voennaja istorija kak faktor patrioticheskogo vospitanija. Sbornik statej
Vos'myh Ural'skih voenno-istoricheskih chtenij, posvjashhennyh 70-letiju
Ural'skogo dobrovol'cheskogo tankovogo korpusa. Ekaterinburg, 2013.
S. 73–77.
5. Kuznecov V. N. Drugoj Berija // VESI. 2013. № 4. S. 65–72.
6. Kurenkov Ju. V. Voenno-promyshlennyj kompleks //
Modernizacija rossijskoj jekonomiki: strukturnyj potencial. Ivanovo,
2010. S. 121 – 134.

Complementary bibliography:
1. Aleksandrov A. P. Jadernaja fizika i razvitie atomnoj tehniki
v SSSR. M.: Nauka, 1979.
2. Alekseev V. V. Atomnyj kompleks v kontekste istorii Rossii.
Ekaterinburg, 1999
3. Artemov E. T., Bedel' A.Je. Ukroshhenie urana. Ekaterinburg, 1999
4. Astashenkov P. T. Podvig akademika Kurchatova. M., 1979.
5. Atomnaja otrasl' Rossii: sobytija, vzgljad v budushhee / Red.
I. K. Hodakov. M., 1998
6. Bazuev A. K. Zalozhniki: Dok. povest'. Cheljabinsk: Rifej, 1997.
7. Baklanov O. D., Batkov A. M. Otechestvennyj voenno-
promyshlennyj kompleks i ego istoricheskoe razvitie. M.: Ladoga-100,
2005.
37
8. Bakunin A. V. Istorija sovetskogo totalitarizma. Ekaterinburg,
1997. Kn. 2: Apogej
9. Barabanov V. A. Rossijskij VPK: istorija i sovremennost'. M.:
Al'fa, 2002.
10. Goncharov V. V. Pervye (osnovnye) jetapy reshenija atomnoj
problemy v SSSR. M., 1990.
11. Gorbushin N. G., Ivanov V. I. K istorii sovetskogo atomnogo
proekta: N. V. Timofeev-Resovskij i radiobiologija // Voprosy istorii
estestvoznanija i tehniki. 2008. № 2. S.65–77.
12. Gubarev V. S. Cheljabinsk-70. M.: IzdAT, 1993
13. Gubarev V. S. Sekretnye akademiki. M., 2008.
14. Zhuchihin V. A. Pervaja atomnaja. M., 1993.
15. Zakrytye atomnye goroda Rossii (osobennosti razvitija
i upravlenija). Ekaterinburg, 2002
16. Zaslavskij Ju. B. Istorija kraja, v kotorom zhivem. Cheljabinsk-65,
1987.
17. Zemlin P. S., Gashev I. I. Desant polkovnika Bystrova. Ozersk,
1999
18. Ivanickaja M., Malafeeva A. Istochniki postuplenija tritija v
okruzhajushhuju sredu. Vystuplenie na obshhestvennyh slushanijah
«Tritij – jeto opasno. Naseleniju prosto o slozhnom». Cheljabinsk, 2000.
19. Istorija goroda Lesnogo: jepoha i ljudi. Ekaterinburg, Izdatel'stvo
Akademkniga, 2002
20. Korabel'nikov M. A. Vzaimodejstvie tehno- i biosfery regiona:
Jekologicheskij krizis na Urale (konec 1950-h – nachalo 1960-h gg.).
Ekaterinburg, 1992
21. Kruglov A. K. Jadernye katastrofy, ih posledstvija i perspektivy
razvitija atomnoj jenergetiki. M.: CNIIatominform, 1992.
22. Kruglov A. K. Kak sozdavalas' atomnaja promyshlennost' SSSR.
M., 1994.
23. Kuznecov V. N. Obshhestvenno-politicheskaja zhizn' v zakrytyh
gorodah Urala. Pervoe desjatiletie. Ekaterinburg: OAO «Poligrafist»,
2003.
24. Kuznecov V. N. Atomnyj proekt za koljuchej provolokoj.
Ekaterinburg: OAO «Poligrafist», 2004.
25. Kuznecov V. N. Cena svobody – atomnaja bomba. Ekaterinburg:
OAO «Poligrafist», 2005.
26. Kuznecov V. N. Komsomol v zakrytom gorode. Ekaterinburg:
OAO «Poligrafist», 2006.
27. Kuznecov V. N. Zakrytye goroda Urala. Istoricheskie ocherki.
Ekaterinburg: OAO «Poligrafist», 2008.
28. Kuznecov V. N. Istorija Atomnogo proekta na Urale. Ekaterinburg:
Izdatel'skij dom «Avtograf», 2009.

38
29. Larin V. I. Kombinat «Majak» – polveka problem. M., 1996.
30. Larin V. I. Kombinat «Majak» – problema na veka. 2-e izd. M.,
2001.
31. Lesnoj: istorija zakrytogo goroda. Ekaterinburg, 1997
32. Litvinov B. V. Atomnaja jenergija ne tol'ko dlja voennyh celej.
Ekaterinburg, 2002
33. Mediko-biologicheskie i jekologicheskie posledstvija
radioaktivnogo zagrjaznenija reki Techa. M, 2000.
34. Mel'nikova N. V. Zakrytyj gorod: naselenie i ego mentalitet (1950–
1960-e gg.). Ekaterinburg, 2001
35. Minsredmash SSSR – Minatom Rossii. 1949 – 1999. M., 1999
36. Mironov P. M., Hromyh L.A. Radiacionnyj sled na Juzhnom
Urale: problemy sel'skogo hozjajstva i social'noj zashhity naselenija.
Cheljabinsk, 1996.
37. Mironova N. I. Vystuplenie na obshhestvennyh slushanijah
«Tritij – jeto opasno. Naseleniju prosto o slozhnom». Cheljabinsk, 2000.
38. Mokrov Ju. G. Rekonstrukcija i prognoz radioaktivnogo
zagrjaznenija r. Techa. Ozersk, 2005. 148 s.
39. Nikipelov B. V., Mikerin E. I., Romanov G. N. i dr. Radiacionnaja
avarija na Juzhnom Urale v 1957 g. i likvidacija ee posledstvij. Vena,
1990.
40. Nikoljaj L. G. Rodnoe Trehgor'e. Trehgornyj, 1996
41. Novoselov V. N. Sozdanie atomnoj promyshlennosti na Urale.
Cheljabinsk, 1999.
42. Novoselov V. N. Jadernyj shhit velikoj derzhavy // Ural
v panorame HH veka. Ekaterinburg, 2000. S. 315 – 324.
43. Novoselov V. N. VPK Juzhnogo Urala v 1945–1965 gg. //
Promyshlennost' Urala v HIH – HH vv. Sb. nauch. tr. M.: AIRO-HH,
2002. S. 273–297.
44. Novoselov V. N., Tolstikov V. S. Tajny "Sorokovki". 2-e izd.
Ekaterinburg: IPP «Ural'skij rabochij», 1995.
45. Novoselov V. N., Tolstikov V. S. Atomnyj sled na Urale.
Cheljabinsk: Rifej, 1997.
46. Novoselov V. N., Tolstikov V. S., Klepikov A. I. Istorija Juzhno-
Ural'skogo upravlenija stroitel'stva. Cheljabinsk, 1998.
47. Pacula A. F. Jekologicheskaja politika v Cheljabinskoj oblasti.
Cheljabinsk, 2008.
48. Pestov S. B. Bomba: Tajny i strasti atomnoj preispodnej. SPb.,
1995
49. Petrushkina N. P. Zdorov'e potomkov rabotnikov predprijatija
atomnoj promyshlennosti PO «Majak». M., Radjekon, 1998.
50. Problemy jekologii Juzhnogo Urala. Cheljabinsk, 1999.

39
51. Radiacionnye avarii na Juzhnom Urale: uroki i vyvody.
Cheljabinsk, 1997.
52. Raskryvaja pervye stranicy: K istorii goroda Snezhinska
(Cheljabinska-70). Ekaterinburg, 1997
53. Tihonov V. Zakrytye goroda v otkrytom obshhestve. M , 1996.
54. Tolstikov V. S. Social'no-jekonomicheskie posledstvija razvitija
atomnoj promyshlennosti na Urale (1945–1998). Cheljabinsk, 1998
55. Cheljabinskaja oblast'. Likvidacija posledstvij radiacionnyh avarij.
Cheljabinsk, 2008.
56. Jekologicheskie posledstvija radioaktivnogo zagrjaznenija na
Juzhnom Urale. M., 2003.
57. Jadernaja industrija Rossii. M., 2000.
58. Jadernyj shhit Rodiny. Cheljabinsk, 2000

Foreign bibliography:
1. Iojrysh A. I. Jadernyj dzhin. M.: IzdAT, 1999
2. Medvedev Zhores. Jadernaja katastrofa na Urale (glavy iz knigi) //
Jenergija: jekonomika, tehnika, jekologija. 1990. № 1 – 3.
3. Medvedev Zhores. Novoe o jadernoj katastrofe na Urale //
Jenergija: jekonomika, tehnika, jekologija. 1990. № 10–11.
4. Medvedev Zhores. Atomnyj GULAG // Poisk. № 33–34. 10–16
sent. 1994.
5. Medvedev Zhores. Atomnyj GULAG // Ural. 1994. № 12.
6. Holoujej D. Stalin i atomnaja bomba. Novosibirsk, 1997.
7. Bernstein V. J. Seizing the Contested Terrain of Early Nuclear
History: Stimson, Conant, and Their Allies Explain the Dccinion to Use
the Atomic Bomb // Diplomatic History. 1993. Winter. Vol. 17. № 1.

40
Master’s Program “Global and Regional Security and Conflict
Management”
Department of International Relations, Ural Federal University
Autumn 2016

Course: Sustainable Development Issues


Dates: February–May 2017
Times: TBA
Classroom location: TBA
Credits: 6
Hours per week: 2
Prerequisites: none
Professor: Juri Kovalev
Office location: 386

Office hours: TBA
E-mail: ууkowaljow@gmail.com

INTRODUCTION
Overview. The course "Sustainable Development Issues" is an integral
part of the section on HS Issues. It addresses the issues of formation of
the discourse of sustainable development and the concept of
"sustainability", problem "fields" of unsustainable development, the
formation of a global policy of stability and the alternative pathways,
which lead to the co-evolution of territorial systems. The main attention
is paid to the three dimensions of sustainable development:
environmental, social and economic sustainability. These types of
stability are considered non-insulated, and their close relationship, the
complex interaction.
The part on environmental sustainability deals with the problems of
global climate change, destruction of the environment. The relationship
between economic development and increasing pressures on ecosystems
are analyzed.
The part on social sustainability studies issues of demographic
development in various countries of the world, as well as problems
associated with demographic processes. Another aspect of social
sustainability is social equality. The part also analyses causes and
consequences of social inequality in countries and regions of the world.
The part on economic sustainability analyzes the causes of poverty,
underdevelopment of countries. Political, social and cultural aspects of
development are studied. The course considers indicators of development
and their evolution, analyzes alternative ways of economic development,
new policy initiatives concerning equitable development.

41
The part on "Sustainability Policy" examines the transition model to the
concept of sustainable development at both the global and regional level.
It considers the ecological modernization of the world, the concept of
"green" economy, and theory of Degrowth.

CONTENTS

Unit Topics
The concept of "territorial system". Features of
Territorial systems. Co- interaction of natural and social systems areas.
evolution of territorial Structures and properties of the systems. The
systems evolution and co-evolution of natural and social
systems.
Main stages of the genesis of the concept of
The history of the discourse "sustainable development". The United Nations
of "sustainable Conference on Sustainable Development. Types of
development". sustainability. Aims and objectives of sustainable
development. The Millennium Development Goals
Causes of the crisis of modern civilization. Global
problems of humanity. Features of instability in
Global instability developed and developing countries, states with
transforming economies. Ways to solve instability
problems.
Historical aspects of environmental degradation
under the influence of human activities. Problems
of atmospheric heating and climate change.
Types of sustainability.
Strategies to solve the climate problem. The
Environmental
destruction of the environment in countries of the
sustainability.
core and the periphery. Natural resources.
Renewable and non-renewable resources of the
Global Environmental Politics.
The growth of the world population. The phases of
the demographic transition. Types of human
reproduction. Demography and the environment.
Social sustainability Urbanization. Problems of urban growth. The
Human Development Index. The quality of human
life. Social inequality and the environment. Social
fairness and human rights.
Globalization and regionalization. The new
Economic sustainability economic order. Economic inequality, its causes
and consequences. Problems of social and

42
economic backwardness. Development,
underdevelopment, overdevelopment.
International and regional energy and climate
policy. Activities on climate and environmental
protection. Ecological modernization.
Sustainable Development
Decarbonization of national economies. "Green"
Policy
economy. Economy "degrowth". The new
economic order. Fair trade. Social and economic
equality. Participatory democracy.

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND ADDITIONAL RESOURCES


Basic bibliography:
1. Mirkin B. M., Naumova L.G. Ustoichivoe razvitie Vvodnii kurs.
М.: Universitetskaja kniga, 2006. – 312 p.
2. Marphenin N. N. Ustoichivoe razvitie chelovechestva. М.:,MGU,
2006. – 624 p.
3. Armenskii А. Е., Коchubei S. E., Ustugov V. V. Economika
ustoichivogo razvitija. Prorivnie idei I technologii. М.: Izdatelstvo
«Sozialnii proekt», 2009 – 424 p.
4. Fomichev А. N. Problemi konzepzii ustoichivogo ecologicheskogo
razvitaja. Sistemno- metodologicheskii analiz. М.: Izdatelstvo
«Librokom»., 2009 – 216 p.
5. Vernadski V. I. Biosfera I noosfera. М., Aires-Press. 2004 – 243 p.

Complementary bibliography:
1. Kapiza S. P. Demograficheskaja revoluzija i Rossija. Vek
Globalizazii. 2008. № 1. p. 128–143.
2. Knajzeva E. N., Kurdumov S. P. Sinergetika. Nelineinost vremeni i
landschafti koevoluzii. М., 2011.
3. Kotljakov V. M., Komarova А. I. Geographija:ponjatija i termini.
М., 2007.
4. Reclus E. Chelovek i Zemlja S. Pb. 1909. T. 5: Novaja Istorija.
Sovremennaja istorija.
5. Reclus E. Chelovek i Zemlja S. Pb., 1909. Т. 6 Sovremennja istoria.
6. Asefa S. The Economics of Sustainable Development. Kalamazoo,
Michigan 2005
7. Growing Greener Cities: Urban Sustainability in the Twenty-First
Century. By Eugenie L. Birch, Susan M. Wachter. University of
Pennsylvania Press. Philadelphia, 2008
8. Binswanger H. C. Vorwärts zur Mässigung. Perspektiven einer
nachhaltigen Wirtschaft. Hamburg, 2009.

43
9. Chakrabarty D. Das Klima der Geschiсhte: Vier Thesen. In:
KlimaKulturen. Soziale Wirklichkeiten im Klimawandel. Harald Welzer,
Hans-Georg Soeffner, Dana Giesecke (Hg.). Frankfurt; N. Y., 2010.
10. Climate Change 2014. Synthesis Report. Summary for
Policymakers. N. Y., 2015.
11. Gonstalla E. Das Klimabuch. Hamburg, 2012.
12. Grunwald A. Nachhaltigkeit Frankfurt 2012
13. Hansen J. E. Storms Of My Grandchildren: The Truth About the
Coming Climate Catastrophe and Our Last Chance to Save Humanity.
N. Y., 2000.
14. International Law and Sustainable Development. Principles and
Practice. Editors Schrijver N. and Weiss F. Leiden. Boston 2004
15. Klingholz R. Sklaven des Wachstums. Die Geschichte einer
Befreiung. Frankfurt a/M, 2014.
16. Kurz R. Schwarzbuch Kapitalismus. Ein Abgesang auf die
Marktwirtschaft. Frankfurt a/M, 1999.
17. Laurent E. Demokratisch, Gerecht, Nachhaltig. Die Perspektive der
Sozial-ökologie. Bern, 2012.
18. Messner D. Globale Strukturanpassung: Weltwirtschaft und
Weltpolitik in den Grenzen des Erdsystems. In: KlimaKulturen. Soziale
Wirklichkeiten im Klimawandel. Harald Welzer, Hans-Georg Soeffner,
Dana Giesecke (Hg.). Frankfurt; N. Y., 2010.
19. Morin E. Der Weg. Für die Zukunft der Menschheit. Hamburg,
2012.
20. Ostrom E. Was mehr wird, wenn wir teilen. Von gesellschaftlichen
Wert der Gemeingüter. München, 2011.
21. Pufe I. Nachhaltigkeit. München 2012
22. Sampson G. P The WTO and Sustainable Development. United
Nations University, 2005

44
Master’s Program “Global and Regional Security and Conflict
management”
Department of International Relations, Ural Federal University
Autumn 2016

Course: Thesaurus of an International Relations Researcher


Dates: September–December 2016
Times: TBA
Classroom location: TBA
Credits: 3
Hours per week: 2
Prerequisites: none
Instructor: Dmitry Pobedash
Office location: 386
Office hours: TBA
E-mail: pobedash@mail.ru

COURSE DESCRIPTION

The objective of the course is to provide the students with knowledge of


the most relevant vocabulary, terminology, expressions, and speech
patterns used in professional discourse of theorists and researchers of IR.
The students receive a broad overview of major theoretical approaches to
studying IR and practice using appropriate words and expressions in texts
and utterances of their own.
The overview of theories is presented in lectures supplemented with
PowerPoint presentations. Short questions, comments, and remarks from
the students are welcome during the lecture. By the end of every lecture,
there will be a 10-12 minute period for questions and answers. In some
cases, there will be a 10-12 minute role-play when students will be
encouraged to speak on behalf of either a political personality or a
consistent follower of a certain theoretical perspective.
The practical part of the course includes role-plays in a group and
individual oral presentations aimed at practicing relevant vocabulary in
students’ utterances, translation of texts dealing with theoretical issues of
IR from English into Russian and group discussions of appropriate
translations, preparing presentations of their academic research.

45
Upon the completion of the course, students are expected to:
Understand most important concepts of IR and world politics as
interpreted by the major theoretical approaches;
Know the key vocabulary and relevant expressions used in
contemporary academic discourse;
Be able to use appropriate terminology and expressions in their
own texts and speeches;
Develop practical skills of translating academic texts on IR from
English into Russian and from Russian into English.

COURSE REQUIREMENTS
Participation in role-plays and group discussions – 10 points or per cent
of the final grade
Mid-term exam – 30 per cent
Oral presentation – 30 per cent
Final exam – 30 per cent

A: 100-91 points
B: 90-81
C: 80-71
D: 70-61

Points for participation in role-plays and discussions are awarded if the


students use vocabulary and expressions from reading material and make
explicit reference to the author and to the book or article they have used.

Mid-term exam consists of translation of a 500-word passage from a


theoretical text dealing with issues of global politics and IR.

Oral presentation:
A 25-30 minute oral presentation of the student’s scholarly research. The
presentation is to be followed by a brief Q and A session. Presenters are
expected to demonstrate their use of theoretical and methodological tools
discussed during the course for analysis of the subject of their
presentation. Proper academic citation of the sources used is required.

Final Exam consists of translation of a 250-word text from Russian into


English and writing a short academic essay (2,500 words) in English on
one of three suggested topics.

COURSE OUTLINE
Week 1. Course Introduction
46
Week 2-5. Mainstream theoretical discussions of international relations.
Neoliberalism. Neorealism. Thesaurus of neo-neo mainstream.
Week 6-9. Critical theories discourse. Neo-Marxism, feminist and post-
modernist approaches. Differences between positivism and post-
positivism.
Week 10-13. Social constructivism, the “English school”.
Week 14-16. Language and politics. Stylistic peculiarities of political
speech. Propaganda. Political correctness. Extra-linguistic aspects of
communication.
Final exam

READING MATERIAL:
1. Booth K. Theory of World Security. Cambridge University
Press, 2007.
2. Bull H. Arms Control and World Order // International Security,
Vol. 1, No. 1, (Summer, 1976), pp. 3–16 Published by: The
MIT Press Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2538573
Accessed: 02/06/2008 02:27
3. Diehl S. J., Moltz J. C. Nuclear Weapons and Nonproliferation.
2nd Ed. ABC-CLIO, 2008.
4. Dunne A. The Proliferation Security Initiative Legal
Considerations and Operational Realities SIPRI Policy Paper
No. 36. SIPRI, 2013.
5. Human Security in Theory and Practice. Application of the
Human Security Concept and the United Nations Trust Fund for
Human Security. URL:
www.tr.undp.org/content/dam/.../UNDP-TR-
HSHandbook_2009.pdf
6. Jioeva A. Insights into Politics and the Language of Politics: a
Course of English. Moscow: KNORUS, 2010.
7. International Relations Theory for the Twenty-First Century:
An Introduction / Ed. by Martin Griffith. Routledge, 2007.
8. Kaldor M., Martin M., Selchow S. Human Security: A New
Strategic Narrative for Europe Source: International Affairs
(Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-), Vol. 83, No. 2,
Europe at 50 (Mar., 2007), pp. 273–288 Published by: Wiley on
behalf of the Royal Institute of International Affairs Stable
URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4541698
9. Lee Ray J., Kaarbo J. Global Politics. Houghton Miflin
Company, 2008.

47
10. Weber C. International Relations Theory: A Critical
Introduction. Routledge, 2008.
11. Kubjas L. N. Anglijskij jazyk dlja specialistov-
mezhdunarodnikov = English for Experts in International
Relations: [uchebnik dlja vuzov po napravlenijam podgotovki i
special'nostjam "Mezhdunar. otnoshenija" i "Regionovedenie"] /
L. N. Kubjas, I. V. Kudachkina; Mosk. gos. in-t mezhdunar.
otnoshenij (Un-t) MID Rossii. – M.: AST: Vostok-Zapad,
[2008]. – 562 s.

48
Appendix III
Curriculum of the Doctoral Program “History of international
relations and foreign policy”

N Module/Course Credits Semester


B.1
Basic part
1.1 History and Philosophy of 3 1
Science
1.2 Foreign Language 6 1
Elective part
1.3 History of Science 3 2
1.4 Higher Education Pedagogy 3 2
1.5 Methodology of Scientific 3 2
Research
1.6 Research seminar 6
Major course № 1 History of 3 3
International Relations and
Foreign Policy
Major course № 2 3 4
Globalization and Security
Challenges
B.2 Trainings 5
Elective part
2.1 Pedagogical training 3 5
B.3
Elective part 1-6
Postgraduate Students’
Research
B.4
Final State Certification 6
State Exam 3 6
Thesis 6 1-6

49