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,ay;: 3 kdpjts Nkyhz;ik

kdpj tsk;:

kdpjtsk; vd;gJ ,d;W r%fj;jpy; gutyhff; Ngrg;gl;L tUfpwJ jdp

kdpjid xU tsk; vdf; fUJk; jj;JtNk kdpjtsk; vdg;gLfpwJ. ,aw;if

tsq;fisg; Nghy kdpjDk; tsk; vdf; fUjg;gLfpwhd;. kdpjdy;yhj ,aw;if

tsq;fs; my;yJ nra;if tsq;fis KOikahf Kiwahfg; gad;gLtjw;F

kdpjtsk; mtrpakhfpwJ.

[Prpay; vd;gtH kdpjtsj;ij „kdpjf;$W‟ vdf; Fwpg;gpLfpwhH. mjhtJ

clypay;> cstpay;> xOf;ftpay; $Wfis cs;slf;fpaJk; xd;iwnahd;W

rhHe;jpUf;fpwJk; ghpkhw;wk; nra;af; $baJk; ,itfs; ,ize;j KOikahd xd;W

jhd; „kdpjf;$W‟ vd tpsf;fk; jUfpwhH.

kdpjts Nkk;g hL:

kpfTk; Kf;fpaj;jtk; tha;e;j kdpjtsj;ij Nkk;ghL ngwr; nra;Ak;

topKiwfis tpsf;FtNj kdpjts Nkk;ghl;bd; mbg;gilf; Nfhl;ghlhFk;.

Jdpkdpjid kl;Lk; tsg;gLj;jp Nkk;gLj;JtJ> kdpjidf; FOthf;fpf; nfhz;L

tsg;gLj;jp Nkk;gLj;JtJ> kdpjid ,dkhff; nfhz;L xl;L nkhj;jkhf

Nkk;gLj;JtJ vdg; gytifapy; kdpjts Nkk;ghl;L Kiwfs; mikfpd;wd.

nghJthf kdpjts Nkk;ghl;L nray;Kiwfs; nray;ghLfs;> fUtpKiwfs;

vd gy tifahd El;g Kiwfs; mwpag;gLfpd;wd.

kdpjts Nkyhz;i k:

Nkyhz;ikapaypy; ngUksT tsHr;rp ngw;Ws;s gphpT kdpjts Nkyhz;ik

MFk;. kdpjtsj;ij Nkk;gLj;jp Nkyhz;ik nra;tjd; %yk; epWtd ,yf;Ffis

vl;l KbAk;.

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xU epWtd mikg;gpd; Nehf;fq;fis xg;gpl;L mbg;gilapy; miltjw;fhf

mq;F jdp kdpjdhfTk; FOf;fshfTk; gzpGhpAk; kpf Kf;fpa kjpg;G kpFe;j

kdpjHfis Nkyhz;ik nra;tjw;fhd tpA+fk; tFf;fg;gl;l mZFkiwjhd;

kdpjts Nkyhz;ik vd tiuaWf;fpwhH ikf;Nfy; Mk];uhq; vDk; mwpQH.

kdpjts Nkk;g hLk; kdpjts Nkyhz;i kAk;:

kdpjtsj;ij vj;jifa tifapYk; KiwfspYk; Nkk;gLj;Jfpw nray;ghLfs;

njhlHghdJ kdpjts Nkk;ghL vdyhk;. kdpjtsj;ij Nkk;gLj;Jfpw

nray;kiwfspy; jiyikahdJ kdpjts Nkyhz;ik vdg;gLfpwJ. NkYk; kdpj

ts Nkyhz;ikr; nray;Kiwfspd; thapyhf kdpjtsj;ij Nkk;gLj;j KbAk;.

kdpjts Nkk;ghl;bw;fhd top kdpjts Nkyhz;ik vd;why; kdpjts

Nkyhz;ikapd; KbT kdpjts Nkk;ghlfpwJ. Kdpjts Nkyhz;ikapd; fPo;

tpsf;FgtHfs; ngUk;ghYk; xU epWtdj;ij ikag;gLj;jp fUj;jhf;fq;fis

tpsf;Ffpd;wdH. epWtdj;jpw;F kdpjtsj; jpl;lkply; MnsLj;jy; gzpakHj;Jjy;>

gapw;rp> Cjpa epHzak;> gzpepiwTg; Nghd;w gphpTfis kdpjts Nkk;ghl;bd; fPo;

tpsf;Ffpd;wdH.

kdpjts Nkyhz;i kapd; Kf;f paj;J tk;:

xU epWtd mikg;gpd; kpf Kf;fpa %yjdk; kdpjtskhFk;. Vnddpy; epWtd

mikg;gpd; kw;w tsq;fisf; nfhz;L nray;glr; nra;tJ kdpjtskhFk;. epWtd

mikg;gpd; Fwpf;Nfhis mila kdpjts Nkyhz;ik mjpKf;fpaj;Jtk;

tha;e;jjhFk;.

kdpjts Nkk;g hl;L r; nray;K iwfs;:

kdpjts Nkk;ghL vd;gNj xU nray;Kiwf; Nfhitaikg;ghFk;. ,j;jifa


kdpts Nkk;ghl;Lr; nra;Kiwfs; %ykhf epWtd mikg;gpd; ,yf;Ffis
KOikahf vl;lKbAk;. jdpahs; my;yJ FOf;fs; nfhz;l Ntiyahl;fspd;

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nray;jpwd;fisj; jpl;lkpl;L njhlHe;J tsg;gLj;Jk; nray;Kiwfs; epWtdj;jpw;fhd
kdpjtsNkk;ghL MFk;.

kdpjts Nkyhz;i kapd; nray;g hLfs;:

epWtdj;jpy; jtpHf;f Kbahjjhfptpl;l kdpjts Nkyhz;ik gy;NtW

nray;ghLfs; nra;Kiwfis topKiwfis cs;slf;fpajhFk;. Kdpjts NrHg;G>

jpwg;ghL kjpg;gpLjy;> gzg;gad;> xUq;fpizg;G kw;Wk; guhkhpg;G kw;Wk; njhopyhsH

njhlHG Nghd;w Kf;fpar; nry;ghLfs; nfhz;ljhFk;. mt;tifapy; jpl;lkply;>

Fwpf;Nfhs; tiuT> KbT Nkw;nfhs;Sjy; GJik fz;lwpjy;> epWtikj;jy;>

gzpakHj;jy;> ,af;Fjy;> jiyik jhq;Fjy;> nray; J}z;ly;> fl;lisapLjy;>

Jtf;fj;J}z;ly; njhlHG nfhs;Sjy;> kjpg;gpLjy;> fl;lg;gLj;Jjy;> xUq;fpizj;jy;

rhHG gq;Nfw;G epUtfpj;jy; vd;gdthFk;.

epWtd mikg;gpd; gy;NtW JiwfSf;F Vw;wthW kdpjts Nkyhz;ikr;


nray;ghLfs; mikAk;. gzpahsHfisj; NjHe;njLj;J> Nkk;gLj;jp rhpahd Neuj;jpy;
rhpahd ,lj;jpy; gad;glr; nra;tjhFk;.

gjpndz;f Po ;f ;f fzf;f py; kdpjts Nkyhz;i k:

“kdpj rf;jpahdJ ntWk; xU nghUs; kl;Lk; md;W. mJ xU MjhuKk;

MFk;.” vd;w fUj;jpay; cUthfptUk; njhopy;El;gf; fhyj;jpd; cr;r epiyapy;

tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;Nwhk;. ,aw;ifNahL ,ize;Jk;> gpize;Jk; jd; tho;it

mikj;Jf; nfhz;l njhy; jkpoDila tho;tpaiy rq;f ,yf;fpaq;fs; gjpT

nra;Js;sd mf czHr;rpAk;> Gw czHr;rpAk; rq;f ghly;fspy; NkNyhq;fpapUe;jJ

ntspg;gil. rkak;> gz;ghL> nkhop fyg;gpdhYk;> Ml;rp khw;wq;fshYk; mf> Gw

czHr;rpfspy; Vw;gl;l ghjpg;GfshYk; kf;fspilNa cUthd kaf;f epiyfis

ePf;Ftjw;fhf mwE}y;fs; ,aw;wg;gl;ld. ,f;fhyf; fl;lj;jpy; tho;e;j jkpoHfs;

fl;LghLfs; epiwe;j tho;f;ifiaAk; xOf;fj;ijAk; tpUk;gpdH vd;fpwhH KidtH

M. NtYg;gps;is 1.

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jdpkdpj xOf;fKk;> fl;Lg;ghLk; mtdJ tho;f;if newpia NeHj;jpahf;Fk;

mNj Ntisapy; mtdJ kdpjts Mw;wYk; mjd; tpisthf tho;f;if Nkk;ghLk;

Nkd;ikAk; mile;jij tuyhWfs; nka;g;gpf;fpd;wd. jdpkdpj tho;tpy; mwj;jpd;

Njitia tho;tpay; newpiaj; njhFj;Jj; jUtdthf mike;jitNa

gjpndz;f;fPo;f;fzf;F E}y;fs;. kdpj Mw;wiy tsg;gLj;jy; kdpj tho;f;ifia

Nkk;gLj;Jjy; vd;w tiffspy; fhzyhfpd;w ,e;E}y;fspd; fUj;Jfisj;

njhFj;jspg;gNj ,e;E}y;fspy; Nehf;fk; MFk;. Nkw;Fwpj;j ghHitapy; ,f;fl;Liu

miktpw;F mbg;gilahf mike;jJ KidtH.M. NtYg;gps;isapd; “jkpo;

,af;fpaj;jpy; fhyKk; fUj;Jk;” vd;w E}yhFk;. mwf; fUj;Jfisj; jdp kdpjH

Vw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;fhd nghJf; fhuzq;fSk; rpy $wyhk; . jd; ea ehl;lk; mwf;

fUj;Jf;fs; rpy Vw;fg;gLtjw;Fk; fhuzkhfpd;wJ. xUtDila Nehf;fk; Mir

my;yJ ,yl;rpaj;jpy; KOf;ftdKk; nrYj;jp Kd;Ndwr; rpy mwf;fUj;jfs;

cjTfpd;wd. r%fj;jpd; ed;ik fUjpr; rpy mwq;fs; Nghw;wg;gLfpd;wd. mtd;

mwtho;f;ifapNy njhlHe;J epw;f Ntz;Lnkd mtidj; J}z;Ltjw;fhf kW ,d;gk;>

Nkhl;rk; Kjypatw;iw tpjd;W $wp ePjpawq;fs; fw;gpf;fg;gl;ld. 2 vd;wthW

me;E}ypy; $wg;gl;Ls;s xU fUj;Nj mt;tbg;gilahFk;.

rKjhak; vd;w $l;likg;gpd; mbj;jskhf miktJ jdpkdpj tho;f;ifahFk;.


jdpkdpjHfs; Kd;Ndw;wkhdJ FLk;gkhfTk; > FLk;g Kd;Ndw;wk; rKjha
Kd;Ndw;wkhfTk; ,r;rKjha Kd;Ndw;wk; ehL Kd;Ndw;wkhfTk; xU ehl;bd;
Kd;Ndw;wNk cyf Kd;Ndw;wkhfTk; mikAk;. ,e;j tifapy; ghHf;Fk;NghJ
cyf Kd;Ndw;wj;jpw;Fk;> Nkk;ghl;bw;Fk; xU Kf;fpa mbg;gilahf miktJ
jdpkdpjHfspd; nrayhw;wyhFk;. ,j;jifa nrayhw;wiy tsg;gLj;Jtij mw
,yf;fpaq;fs; Nehf;fkhff; nfhz;Ls;sd vdyhk;.

kdpjDila nrayhw;wy;fis tsg;gLj;Jtdthf miktd mtdJ rpe;jid

tsq;fshFk;. „cs;sj;jidaJ caHT‟ vd;Wk; „vz;zk;Nghy; tho;T mikAk;‟

vd;w ek; Kd;NdhH thf;Fk; ,q;F epidT $wj;jf;fjhFk;. kdpjdJ

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rpe;jid tskhdJ rpwg;ghfTk;> NeHj;jpahfTk;> fl;Lg;ghlhfTk; ,Uf;Fkhapd;

mtdJ tho;T Nkk;gLk; vd;gij ek; jkpo; ,yf;fpaq;fs; gythW

typAWj;jpAs;sd. ,jid mw,yf;fpaq;fs; gl;bapypLfpd;wd.

kdpjts tho;Tf;F NeubahfNt> kiwKfkhfNth gad;gLtd vy;yhk;

tsq;fshFk;. ,aw;ifapy; fpilg;gij kdpjd; jd; mwpthy; njhopy;El;gj;jhy;

gad;ghLf;F chpadthd cl;glj;Jk;NghJ mit tsq;fshf khWfpd;wd. kdpjdpd;

Njitfs; kpFjpahf fhzg;gLfpd;wd. msg;ghpad. mtw;iw epiwT nra;a kdpjd;

gy;NtWgl;l tsq;fis Nkk;gLj;j Ntz;bAs;sJ. jdpkdpj NjitNghd;Nw xU

r%fj;jpd;> xU ehl;bd; NjitfSk; kpFjp. mtw;iw epiwT nra;a kdpjd;

gy;NtWgl;l tsq;fis Nkk;gLj;j Ntz;bAs;sJ. jdpkdpj Njit Nghd;Nw. xU

r%fj;jpd;> xU ehl;bd; NjitfSk; mjpfkhff; fhzg;gLfpd;wd mjw;F Vw;g

tsq;fis Nkk;gLj;Jk; #oy;fSk; mikfpd;wd.

nghJthf tsq;fis ,U tifg;gLj;jyhk;.

 ,aw;if tsk;

 kdpj tsk;

,aw;if tskhdJ ngsjPf tsk; vd;Wk; ,jid caphpay; tsk;

(fhL>tpyq;F)> capuw;w tsk;(fdpk tsk;) vd;nwhy;yhk; tifg;gLj;jp

tpsf;Ffpd;wdH. nghUspay; rhHgpy; ,jidg; GJg;gpf;Fk; tsk; (ePH> tsp) GJg;gpf;f

,ayh tsk; (fdpkk;) vd;Wk; $WtH.

kdpj tskhdJ gz;ghl;L tskhFk;. GtpapayhsHfs; kdpj ,dj;jpd; tsHr;rp

tuyhwhdJ #oYf;Fk; kdpjdpd; mwpT tsHr;rpf;Fk; ,ilNa epfo;e;j Nghuhl;lNk

vd;fpd;whHfs;. tsq;fs; gw;wp tpthpf;Fk; mwpQHfs; gyH kdpj tsNk> cyfpd;

vy;yh %ytsq;fspYk; rpwg;ghdJ vd;fpd;wdH.

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kdpjDf;Fs;Ns nghjpe;Js;s tsq;fs; midj;Jk; cldbahfg; gad;ghl;bw;F

te;J tpLtjpy;iy. rpe;jid> mwpT> ek;gpf;if vd;w %d;Wk; kdpj tsj;jpd;

mbg;gilahFk;. ,k;%d;Wk; xd;NwhL xd;W gpd;dpg; gpize;jit.

njspthd mwptpd; mbg;gilapNyNa ek;gpf;iffs;g; gpwf;Fk;. rpe;jid ,d;wp


mwpT gpwg;gJ ,y;iy. mwpT mw;w ek;gpf;ifNa %l ek;gpf;ifahd
ntspg;gLfpd;wd. vdNt rpe;jid> mwpT> ek;gpf;if ,tw;wpd; mbg;gilapy; kdpj
tskhdJ mikjy; Ntz;Lk;.

,j;jifa kdpj tsj;jpd; Njit vd;gJ fhyj;jpd; mbg;gilf; NjitahfTk;

mtrpakhfTk; mikfpd;wJ. ,t;nthU kdpjDf;Fk; tho;f;ifapy; ntw;wp vd;gNj

,yf;fhf mikfpd;wJ. xU kdpjdpd; kdpj tsq;fs; ve;j mstpw;F

tsHf;fg;gLfpd;wNjh Nkk;ghl;lhy; me;j mstpw;F Vw;g mtdJ ntw;wp mikAk;.

xUtd; jdJ tsq;fis tsHj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;F Vw;g tho;tpd; ,yf;if

milfpd;whd;. ,yf;if mile;jtd; jiyikj;Jtj; jpwidAk; ngWfpd;whd;.

fzj;jpw;Ff; fzk; kpf Ntfkhf tsHe;J tUk; tpQ;Qhd njhopy;El;g

cyfj;jpy; kdpj tsNkk;ghl;bw;F xU ngUk; jilahf Nehahf miktJ kdpr;

(gzk;) rpf;fNyahFk;. gzp mOj;jk;> r%fr; #oy;> mjpNtf Kd;Ndw;wk; Nghl;b

#o;e;j cyfk; ,tw;wpy; rpf;fpr; RoYk; kdpjd; kdk; njhlHghd Neha;fSf;F

MshtJ ,ay;ghdNj. kdpj tsq;fs; Nkk;ghl;lhy; kl;LNk ,jw;F jPHTfhz

KbAk;. cyfpd; vy;yh gpur;rpidfSf;Fk; jPHT kdpj tsq;fis Nkk;ghila

nra;tNj vd;fpd;wdH cstpay; mwpQHfs;. ,d;iwaf; fhyfl;lj;jpd; Njitf;F

Vw;g> kdpj tsHr;rpf;Fk; Nkk;ghl;bw;F Njitahd fUj;Jf;fis mwnewpf; fhyj;jpy;

vOjg;gl;l gjpndd;fPo;f;fzf;F E}y;fspNyNa fhzKbtJ vd;gJ jkpohpd;

vjpHfhytpay; Fwpj;j rpe;jidapd; xU ntspg;ghlhfTk; nfhs;s Kbfpd;wJ.

kdpj Nkk;ghl;bw;F mbg;gilahd kdpj tsj;jpid Ie;J tpjkhf gphpj;J

Muhayhk;.

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o mwpT tsk;
o Md;kPf tsk;
o kd tsk;
o xOf;f tsk;
o cly; tsk;

Nkw;$wpa Ie;J tsq;fSk; xU kdpjd; tho;f;ifapd; ntw;wp ,yf;fpid mila

mbg;gilahf mikfpd;wd. jdpegH Nkk;ghL (Individual Development) vd;gJ

kdpjts Nkk;ghl;bd; Nehf;fq;fSs; xd;whFk;. me;j tifapy; xt;nthU jdpeghpd;

gz;G eyd;fis Nkk;gLj;JtNjhL r%f mq;fPfhuk; kw;Wk; kdpj kjpg;GfSf;F

Kf;fpaj;Jtk; jUk; tifapy; mt;Nkk;ghlhdJ mikjy; Ntz;Lk; vd;gij

Nkw;$wpa Ie;J tif tsq;fSk; typAWj;Jfpd;wJ.

,d;iwa fy;tpahsHfspilNa Nkyhz;ikf; fy;tp nghpJk; tuNtw;G ngw;w

xU JiwahFk;. mjpy; kdpj ts jpl;lkpLjypd; Nehf;fq;fs; (Objective of human

Resource Planning) vd;W $Wk;NghJ> “kdpj ts juk;> Mw;wy;> mwpT> jFjp>

xUq;FzHT Mfpatw;iw Nkk;gLj;Jjy; vd;W Fwpg;gpLfpd;wJ. NkYk; “vjpHfhy

kdpj ts Mw;wypd; epiy> jFjpfs;> mwpthw;wy;> kjpg;Gfs;> Nghf;Ffs;

Nghd;wtw;iw ntspg;gLj;Jtjhf Nkyhz;ik fy;tp Nghjpf;fpd;wJ. jdpkdpjdpd;

tsNk xU epWtdj;jpd; (r%fk; (ehL) tskhf ntw;wpahff; fUjg;gLtijf;

fy;tpahsHfs; Nkyhz;ikj; Jiwapy; $Wtijg; gz;ilj; jkpo; GytHfspd;

gjpndd;fPo;f;fzf;F E}y;fs; r%ftpay; mbg;gilapy; $wpapUg;gijf; fhz

Kbfpd;wJ. njhd;ik fhyj;Nj kdpjdpd; kd czHTfis ed;F czHe;J mtdJ

nray;fis nrk;ikahf miktjw;F Ntz;ba mwr; rpe;jidfisf; fPo;fzf;F

E}y;fs; ntspg;gLj;Jfpd;wd.

kdpj tho;Tf;F mbg;gilj; NjitfSs; xd;W nkhop. ,k;nkhopapd; gz;gl;l

tsHepiyNa ,yf;fpakhFk;. ,j;jifa nkhopAk;> ,yf;fpaKk; fhye;NjhWk;

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ghpzhk tsHr;rpf;F cl;gl;L kdpj rKjhaj;jpw;fhfNt ,aq;fp tUfpd;wd. ,J

kdpj tho;f;ifa Nkk;gLj;Jk; Nehf;fpYk; kdpjd; kdpjdhf thoTk; khkdpjdhf

Nkk;glTk; Njitahd MSikj; jpwid toq;fTk; nra;fpd;wd.

gjpndd;fPo;fzf;F E}y;fs; xU kdpjd; kdpjdhf> khkdpjdhf Nkk;ghlilaj;

Njitahd midj;J tsq;fisAk; Fwpg;ghf Nkw;Fwpg;gpl;l mwpT> Md;kPfk;> kdk;>

xOf;fk;> cly; Mfpa tsq;fisf; jd;Ds; nfhz;Ls;sd.

mwpT tsk;:

Vw;fdNt Fwpg;gpl;lJ Nghd;W njspthd rpe;jid> mwptpDf;F toptFf;Fk;.

mwptpd; mbg;gilapy; ek;gpf;ifg; gpwf;Fk;. rpe;jid ,d;wp mwpT ,y;iy vd;gij

typAWj;Jk; tifapy; fPo;f;fzf;F E}y;fs; kdpjd; mwpTiladhf ,Ug;gjd;

mtrpaj;ij typaWj;Jfpd;wd. mjw;F mbg;gilahf> jd;idf; Fwpj;Jk;> jd;idr;

Rw;wpAs;s cyfk; Fwpf;Fk; rpe;jpf;f itj;jJ mjd; %yk; ngWk; mDgt mwpNt

xU kdpjid Nkk;gLj;j typAWj;Jfpd;wd.

fPo;fzf;F E}y;fs; $Wk; mwpT tskhdJ.

 #oy; rhHe;j mwpT tsk;


 Ik;Gy czHT rhHe;j mwpT tsk;
 Nfs;tp mDgtk; rhHe;j mwpT tsk;
 fw;wy; rhHe;j mwpT tsk;

vd;w epiyapy; mikfpd;wd.

vt;t J ciwtJ cyfk; cyfj;N jhL


mt;t J ciwtJ mwpT (Fws;: 426)
vd;W $Wk; ts;StH> cyfk; vt;thW eilngWfpd;wJ> vd;gJ mwpe;J

cyfj;NjhL> ehKk; $b mj;jifa rpwe;j jd;ikfSld; tho;tNj mwpthLk;.

E}y;fs; fhl;Lk; topapy; kl;Lkd;W cyifg; ghHj;Jk; mjid vl;b elg;gNj mwpT

vd;fpwhH.

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Ik;Gyd; rhHe;j mwpT tskhf>

xUikAs; MikNghy; Me;J mlf;f k; (Fws;: 126)

fz;L Nfl;L cz;L capHj;J cw;w wpAk; Ik;G tDk; (Fws;: 1101)

nghwpthapy; Ie;j tpj;j hd; (Fws;: 6)

Ie;j tpj;j d; Mw;w y; (Fws;: 25)

ahfhuhapYk; ehfhf;f (Fws;: 127)


vd Ik;nghwpfisg; gf;Ftg;gLj;jpatdJ Mw;wy; Nkk;gLtijr; Rl;Lfpd;wJ.

mNjNghd;W ,dpait ehw;gjpy;>

Itha Ntl;i f mth mlf;f y; Kd; ,dpNj (,dpait. 25)

vd;W nka;> tha;> fz;> %f;F> nrtp Mfpatw;iw mlf;Fjy; ,dpJ vd;fpd;wJ.

mwpTilik mjpfhuj;jpy; mw;wk; fhf;Fk; fUtp (Fws;: 42) nka;nghUs;

fhz;gJ Ez;nghUs; fhz;gJ (Fws;: 424) ed;wpd;ghy; ca;g;gJ (Fws;: 422)

vjpufhf; fhg;gJ (Fws;: 429) vd;gdthf mwptpd; nray;ghLfis ts;StH

gl;baypLfpd;whH. NkYk; mwptpDf;F Kf;fpaj;Jtk; nfhLj;J> fy;tp> Nfs;tp>

fy;yhik mjpfhuq;fisAk; gilj;Js;shH.

vy;yhtw;wpf;Fk; rpfukhf>

mwptpdhd; MFt Jz;l h gpwjpd; Neha;


je;N eha; Nghy; Nghw;w hf; fil (Fws;: 315)
vd;w kpf caHe;j kdpj Neaf; Nfhl;ghl;bidf; fPo;fzf;F E}y; fhl;Lfpd;wJ. ,jd;>
jhf;fk;> gpw;fhyj;jpy; “thba gapiuf; fz;lnghnjy;yhk; thbNdd;”. Vd;w
ts;syhhpd; [Pt fhUz;aj;jpy; ntspg;gLfpd;wJ vd;Wk; $wyhk;.

Ie;jpid vOgjpy;>

rhd;w tH Nfz;i k rpijT ,d;w hk; Cd;w p


typahfpg; gpd;D k; gaf;F k; nkypT ,y; 3
mwpTilatd; el;G kpfr; rpwe;jJ mopahky; epiyj;J epw;gJ typikahd

Jizahf epw;gJ vd;W $wtjpd; %yk; mwpTilatHfspd; NjitiaAk;>

typikiaAk; mjd; %yk; fpilf;Fk; Nkk;ghl;ilAk; njspthf ntspg;gLfpd;wJ.

51
fy;tpahy; fpilf;Fk; mwptpidf; fPo;fzf;F E}y;fs; tpae;J ghuhl;Lfpd;wd.

Fbg;gpwg;ig tpl fy;tp Njit vd;gij>

MHfyp cyfj;J kf;f l;n fy;y hk;


Fyd; cililapd; fw;G r; rpwe;j d;W (KJfhQ;r p: 1-7)
fy;tp mwptpd; Kf;fpaj;Jtj;ij>

fzf;f haH ,y;y hj CUk;


ed;i k gaj;j y; ,y (jphp.10)

kWikf;F mzpfyk; fy;t p (jphp. 52)

mwnewp NrHjw;F nra;f ngUE}iy (jphp.90)

vd;Wk;>

Fyj;j py; gpwe;j t d; fy;y hik ,d;dh (,d;dh.19)

iftha;g ; nghUs; ngwpDk; fy;y hw;f z; jPH T ,dpNj

(,dpait. 25:2)

vy;y hk; ntFz;l hH Kd; Njhd;w hf; nfLk; (ehd;k zp.10)

xUtd; kjp ed;W khrwf; fw;g pd; (ehd;k zp: 72)

fy;tpahy; tUk; mwptpd; mofpid ehybahH>

ey;y k; ahk; vd;W k; eLT epiyikahy;


fy;t p moNf moF> (ehyb:131:3-4)
vd;fpd;wJ. capHfSf;Ff; fz;nzd tpsq;Fk; fy;tpahy; mwpthdJ tphptilfpd;wJ.

tphptilAk; mwpthdJ gFj;Jg; ghHf;Fk; mwpthfTk; mJ nka;g;nghUs; fhZk;

mwpthfTk; Nkk;gLtij ts;StH gy mjpfhuq;fspy; czHj;jpAs;shH.

mwpT tsk; ngw;w xUtdpd; nray;ghLfs; Fwpj;J $Wk; ts;StH>

md;G mwpT Njw;w k; mth,d;i k ,e;e hd;F k;


gz;F tilahd; fhl;N l njspT (Fws;: 513)

52
vd;fpwhH. kdpj tsj;Js; xd;whd mwpT tsk; ngw;w xUtdpd; nray;ghLfspy;

njspT kw;Wk; rPHikNahL $ba Nkd;ikj; jd;ik ntspg;gLtijf; fPo;f;fzf;F

E}y;fs; Rl;Lfpd;wd.

Vl;L Riuf;fha; fwpf;F cjthJ vd;gJ Kd;NdhH nkhop mDgt

mwpTk;>Nfs;tp mwpTk; jdp kdpj kw;Wk; r%f Nkk;ghl;bw;Fg; nghpJk; Jiz

epw;gdthFk;.

„nry;t j;J s; nry;t k; nrtpr;n ry;t k; ‟ (Fws;: 411)

fw;w pyd; MapDk; Nfl;f (Fws;: 414)

vidj;j hDk; ey;y it Nfl;f (Fws;: 416)

Ezq;f pa Nfs;t pahH (Fws;: 419)

fw;w ypd; Nfl;l Ny ed;W (gonkhop.143)

vdf; Nfs;tp mwptpd; Kf;fpaj;Jtj;ijg; gjpT nra;fpd;whH.

xt;nthU jdpg;gl;l kdpjUk; rpwe;j mwpTld; tpsq;FthHfNsNahdhy;

mtHfis ahuhYk; Vkhw;w ,ayhJ. njspe;j rpe;jidAld; $ba tsHr;rpNa

,Uf;Fk; vd;gjdhy; fPo;f;fzf;F E}y;fs; kdpj tsj;Js; mwpT tsj;jpw;Fg; nghpJk;

Kf;fpaj;Jtk; mspj;Js;sJ.

Md;k Pf tsk;:

,aw;if newp fhyk; vdg; Nghw;wg;gLk; rq;ffhy kf;fspilNa Md;kPf


rkaq;fs; Kf;fpa ,lk;ngwtpy;iy vd;gij rq;fg; ghly;fs; njspthf;Ffpd;wd. ,J
Fwpj;Jf; $Wk; NtYg;gps;is> nja;tKk; nja;t topghl;L KiwAk; ,y;yhj kf;fs;
,dk; ,y;iy. jkpohpilNaAk; ,it ,Ue;jd. Mdhy; itjpfk;> rkzk;> ngsj;jk;
vd;w tl ,e;jpar; rkaq;fs; jkpo;ehl;bw;F tutpw;F Kd;G jkpo; kf;fspd; tho;f;if
Md;kPf <Nlw;wj;ijf; Nehf;fkhf nfhz;bUe;jJ vd;W fUj mf;fhy ,yf;fpar;
rhd;Wfs; ,le;jutpy;iy. ,aw;ifahd tho;f;ifapy; <LghL kpFe;jtHfshf
tpsq;fpa mf;fhyj; jkpoHfs;> kf;fSf;Fhpa ,ay;ghd jd;ikfisNa Nghw;wpdH
(jkpo; ,yf;fpaj;jpy; fhyKk;> fUj;Jk; g.18) 4 vd;fpwhH.

53
„tpidNa capuhjy;‟, ey;yJ nra;jy; Mw;wPuhapDk; my;yJ nra;ahJ

,Uj;jy;> gopnadpd; cyFld; ngwpDk; nfhs;syh> nghpNahiu tpaj;jYk; ,yNk>

rpwpNahiu ,fo;jy; mjdpDk; ,yNk> Gfo; vdpy; capUk; nfhLg;gh> <jy; flNd>

Kdptpyh ahJk; CNu ahtUk; NfspH Nghd;w caHjdpg; gz;Gfspy; ehl;lk; nfhz;l

kf;fspd; nray;ghLfs; ahTk; mwj;ijAk; xOf;fj;ijAk; mbnahw;wpNa

mike;Js;sd. ,t;thwhd gz;G eyd;fspy; Njf;fNkh> jilNah Nehpbd; gopAk;

ghtKk; #Ok; vd;W ek;gpdH. Mwj;Jld; tUk; ,d;gj;jpidNa tpUk;gp Vw;w kf;fs;

mjidNa Md;kgykhf Md;kPf ek;gpf;ifahfTk; nfhz;bUe;jdH.

gjpnzd;fPo;f;fzf;F E}y;fs; $Wk; mwq;fSk; ngUk;ghYk; ,jd;

mbg;gilapNyNa mike;jd vdpDk; rkz> ngsj;j rkaq;fspd; nfhs;iffs;

,ilapl;ld. rkar; rhHGfspd; ,ilaPl;lhYk;> r%fj;jpd; ed;ik fUjp rpy mwq;fs;

Nghw;wg;gl;ld.

mwq;fs; rpy r%fj;jpy; xOq;ifAk;> mikjpiaAk; epiyehl;l top

nra;fpd;wd. xUtUila ,d;gk;> kw;wtUf;Ff; Jd;gk; gathf Kiwapy; fpilf;f

top miktJz;L. tPuDila Mw;wiyf; fl;LgLj;Jtjd; %yk; gytP df;Fk; thOk;

re;jHg;gk; fpilf;fpd;wJ.

mwj;ij Vw;W tho;gtd; ,t;Tyf ed;ik milahkw; NghtJz;L. mtd;

mwtho;f;ifapNyNa njhlHe;J epw;f Ntz;Lnkd mtidf; J}z;Ltjw;fhf

kWikapd;gk; Nkhl;rk; Kjypad tpje;J $w ePjpawq;fs; fw;gpf;fgl;ld.

Nkhl;rj;ij ehlhky; cyfpay; ,d;gq;fis mjpf mstpy; Ja;f;f

tpUk;GgtHfSf;fhfj; NjtNyhfk;> NghfG+kp vd;gd vLj;Jf; $wg;gl;ld.

fw;gfj;jU> fhkNjD vd;gd NjtNyhfj;jpy; tpUk;gpatH tpUk;gpadnty;yhk;

nfhLf;Fk; ftHr;rpg; nghUspy; rpy. mwtopia Vw;fhJ cyf ,d;gq;fisj;

Ja;g;gtHfSf;F eufj;Jd;gk; E}y;fspw; fw;Wzu topNfhyg;gl;lJ. mwtho;f;ifia

54
kf;fs; vd;gjw;F ,g;NghjidfSk; XusT fhuzkhapUe;jd vd;W M. NtYg;gps;is

Fwpg;gpLfpd;whH.

mwf;nfhs;ifia Md;kPfj;Jld; ,izj;Jf; fhZk; epiyNa> mwnewpf;

fhyj;jpy; fhzg;gl;lJ vd;gij fPo;f;fzf;F E}y;fspd; rhd;W fhl;Lfpd;wJ.

capHf;nfhiy nra;tJ mwkd;W> mJ Md;knewpapy; nra;ag;gLkhapDk;

mwkd;W vd;gijr; Rl;Lk; tifapy;>

mtpnrhhpe;J Mapuk; Nfl;l ypd; xw;w d;


capHnrFj; fz;z hik ed;W (Fws;: 259)
Mjpgftd;> Ie;jtpj;jhd; jdf;Ftik apy;yhjhd; ,U tpidAk; Nruhjhd;> kyHkpir

Vfpdhd; vd;nwhy;yhk; $Wk; ts;StH kz;Zyfpy; vt;TapUk; nja;tk; vd;w

rpe;jidia ,J Kd;itf;fpd;wJ. capHfSf;Fr; nra;Ak; njhz;Nl ,iw njhz;L

vd;Nw Md;kPf tsj;ijf; Fws; fhl;Lfpd;wJ. mwpitAk; Md;kPfj;ijAk; ,izf;Fk;

Nghf;F jdpkdpj Nkk;ghl;bd; mbg;gil vd;gij tpsq;fpf; nfhs;s Kbfpd;wJ.

nja;t j;j hy; MfhJ vdpDk; Kaw;r pjd;


nka;t Uj;j f; $yp jUk; (Fws;: 619)
vd;W jdpkdpj Kaw;rpapd; ngUikia Md;kPfj;Jld; xg;gpl;L fhl;Lfpd;whH.

,t;Tyifg; gilj;j flTs;> gpr;ir Vw;wthW capHtho Ntz;Lk; vd;W tpUk;gp

capHfisg; gilj;jpUg;ghdhapd; mtDk; mt;TapHfisg; NghyNt miye;J mopf

vd kdpj Neaj;Jld; rgpf;fpd;whH.

rpwg;n ghL Grid nry;y hJ thdk;


twf;F Nky; thNdhHf;F k; <z;L (Fws;: 18)
kio ,y;yhtpl;lhy; ,t;Tyfpy; nja;tq;fSf;Fk; jpUtpohf;fhy jpdg;G+ridfSk;

eilngwhJ vdf; $Wk; ts;Sthpd; rpe;jidapy; Md;kPftsj;ij tpl kf;fs; eyNk

NkNyhq;fp ,Ue;jJ. kf;fspd; tho;f;if Nkk;ghl;bd; jd;ikf;F Vw;g Md;kPfk; tsk;

ngWk; vd;gij ,f;Fws; Kd;itf;fpd;wJ.

55
Vyhjp vd;w E}ypy;>

nfhiyGhpahd; nfhy;y hd; Gyhy; kaq;f hd; $Hj;j


miyGhpahd; tQ;r pahd; ahJk;- epiyjphpahd;
kz;z tHf;F k; md;w p kJkypA+q; Nfhjha;
tpz;z tHFk; Nkyhk; tpLk; (Vyk;: 7)
nfhy;yhik> Gyhy; cz;zhik> gpw capHfl;Fj; Jd;gQ; nra;ahik jk;ikg;

Gfohik> gpwiu ,fohik Nghd;w mwr; nray;fis nra;gtHfSf;F tpz;Zyf

tho;T fpl;Lk; vd;W $Wfpd;wJ. NkYk; tpUe;jdhplkpUe;J ,dpa nrhy;>

cztspj;jy;> gzpT> fye;J cwthLtJ Nghd;wtw;iwr; nra;Ak; xUtid

tpz;Zyf NjtHfs; te;J Nghw;WtH vd;W mwj;jpd; topg;gl;l tho;f;ifiaAk;>

Md;kPfj;ijAk; ,izf;Fk; Nghf;fpidf; fhzyhk;.

mwE}y; topepd;W tho;tNj fhyd; tUk; topiaj; jLf;Fk; muz; vd;fpwJ

Vyhjp. ,Nj Nghd;W KJnkhopf; fhQ;rpapy;>

Gfo;n ta; NahHf;F k; Gf;n fhs;e hL vspJ (KJ.fhQ;r p: 8.1)

ahuhYk; Gfog;gLk; mwr; nray;fis tpUk;gpr; nra;thUf;F NjtHfs; thOk;

tpz;zhL (nrhHf;fk;) fpilg;gJ vspJ vd;W $Wfpd;wJ.

gjpndz;fPo;fzf;F E}y;fspy; ,lk;ngWk; Md;kPfk; Fwpj;jhd gjpTfspy;

kdpj rKjha Nkk;ghl;bDf;Fj; Jiz nra;Ak; Nghf;Nf tpje;J fhzg;gLfpd;wJ.

,k;ik> kWik> NjtUyfk;> tPL> eufk; vd;gd mwg;NghjidfSf;F

Ntz;bapUe;jd. mwk;> Gz;zpak; vd;W fUjg;gl;lJ. mwj;jpw;F kWjiyahdJ

ghtk;. cyf tho;f;if Jd;gk; epiwe;jJ vd;gij epiyahikf; nfhs;if

tw;GWj;Jfpd;wJ. Md;kh mehjpahdJ. clk;G cyfk; vd;gdtw;wpd; NtwhdJ

cyfj; Jd;gj;jpypUe;J ePq;fg; gpwtp mw Ntz;Lk;. gpwtp mw;w epiy tPL>

gpwtpia mWg;gjpy; <Lghby;yhky;> tho;f;if ,d;gq;fisj; Ja;f;f tpUk;GNthHf;F

tpz;Zyfk; my;yJ nrhHf;fk; fpilf;Fk; vdg;gLfpd;wJ. ghtpfs; nry;y Ntz;ba

,lk; eufk;. mwk; msT fle;J tw;GWj;jg;gl;l #oypy flTSf;F mjpf

56
Kf;fpaj;Jtk; fhzg;gltpy;iy vd;W $Wk; NtYg; gps;isapd; $w;W ,q;F

Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

gjpndz;fPo;f;fzf;F E}y;fspy; ,lk;ngWk; Md;kPf tskhdJ rkz> ngsj;j>

itjPf rka gf;jp newpKiwfSf;F ,lk; jUtijtpl> jdpkdpj kw;Wk; kdpj

r%fj;jpd; tsHr;rpf;Fk;> Nkk;ghl;bw;Fk; nghpJk; ,lk; mspj;jJ vd;gij tpsq;fpf;

nfhs;s Kbfpd;wJ.

kd tsk;:

kdpjid kdpjdhf ntsp cyfpw;F ntspg;gLj;Jk; fUtpfshd kdk;> nkhop>

nray; vd;w Kd;wpYk;> kdNk jhafkhf tpsq;Ffpd;wJ. jdpkdpjdpd; rpe;jid>

mwpT> nray; Mfpad Nkk;ghl;ila mbg;gilahf miktJ ey;y kdtsNkahFk;.

„kdk; Nghy; tho;T‟ Nghd;w tof;fhWfs; kdtsj;jpd; ntspg;ghLfshFk;. kdpj

r%fj;jpd; Nkk;ghl;bw;Fj; Njitahd tsq;fSs; kdtsKk; xd;W vd;w

Nkyhz;ikj; Jiwapd; ,d;iwa fUj;jhf;fj;ijf; fPo;fzf;F E}y;fs; md;Nw gjpT

nra;Js;sd.

jdpkdpj nray;ghLfSf;Fk; Fzeyd;fSf;Fk; ,tw;why; Vw;gLk; Nkk;ghl;bw;F

mbg;gilahf miktJ kdj;J}a;ik ,jid> ts;StH

kdj;J f;f z; khR,yd; Mjy; midj;j wd;


MFy ePu gpw (Fws;: 34)
vd;fpwhH.

kdj;ijj; J}ajhf> Fw;wk; Fiwfs; ,y;yhj kdkhf mikj;Jf; nfhs;tNj


kpfr; rpwe;j mwk; vd;W $WtNjhL kdeyk; nrk;ikahf Nkk;ghL mila>
,dpait $wy; tha;ik> mOf;fhwhik> nt/fhik> ntFshik> mth mWj;jy;>
,Lf;fz; mopahik> jPtpidar;rk; vd gy mjpfhuq;fs; kdtsj;jpid
Nkk;gLj;Jtjhf mike;Js;sd.

mNjNghd;W jdpkdpj kw;Wk; rKjha Nkk;ghl;bw;Fj; Jiz nra;tJ

Fwpf;NfhshFk;. kdj;jpy; xU Fwpf;Nfhis tFj;J f;nfhz;L mjid miltNj

57
tho;tpd; ntw;wp vd vz;ZgtDf;Fj; Jiz nra;Ak; tifapy; kdtsf;

fPo;f;fzf;F E}y;fs; jd;Ds; nfhz;Ls;sd. „cs;StJ vy;yhk; caHcs;sy;‟

(Fws;: 596) vd kdj;jilf;Fk; kdj; jsHr;rpf;Fk; kUe;J jUfpd;whH. kdf;

fl;Lghl;bid typAWj;Jk; tifapy; nrd;w ,lj;j hy; nrytplh jPJxhP, (Fws;: 422)

vdTk; kdcWjp ,y;yhjj; jd;ikia epiw neQ;rk; vdTk; kdte;jp ,y;yhjj;

jd;ikia “epiw neQ;rk; ,y;ytH Nja;tH” (Fws;: 917) vd;Wk; $Wfpd;whH. ey;y

kdtsk; nfhz;ltHfs; md;GilatuhtH. md;G tho;tpy; midj;ijAk; rhjpf;Fk;

ty;yikAilaJ vd;gij Fws;> ehybahH E}y;fs; typAWj;Jfpd;wd.

kdr;NrhHT Vw;gLk; NghJ jd;khd czHr;rp jsHtiltijj; jtpHf;Fk;

tifapy; „khdk; mope;jgpd; thohik Kd;,dpNj‟ (13) vd;Wk; “khdk; glthpd;

thohik Kd;,dpNj” (27) vd;Wk; ,dpait ehw;gJ Fwpg;gpLfpd;wJ.

,Nj fUj;ij ehybahUk;>

jd; clk;g pd;


Cd; nfbJk; cz;z hHifj;J cz;z w;f (ehyb: 80:1-2)
vd;Wk;>
nghw;f yj;J g; nga;j GypcfpH thd; G Of;f y;
mf;f huk;> ghNyhL mkuhH ifj;J cz;l ypd;
cg;G ,ypg; Gw;i f> capHNghy; fpisQHkhl;L
vf;f yj; jhDk; ,dpJ (ehyb: 206)
vd;Wk;>
ehs;t ha;g ; ngwpDk;> jk; es;s hjhH ,y;y j;J
Ntshz;i k ntq;fUiz Ntk;G MFk; Nfsha; (ehyb: 207:1-2)
vd;Wk; jd;khdj;jpd; rpwg;ig ehybahH $Wfpd;wJ.

kdtsj;jpd; kw;nwhU $W jd;dk;gpf;if. kdkhdJ jd;dk;gpf;if

,of;Fk;NghJ tho;tpy; gy Jd;gq;fs; NehpLk;> ,jid ehybahH>

ey;dpiyf;f z; jd;i d epWg;g hDk; jd;i d


epiyfyf;f pf; fPo ;, L thDk; epiyapDk;
Nky;N ky; caHj;J epWg;g hDk;> jd;i dj;
jiyahfr; nra;t hDk; jhd; (ehyb: 248)
xUtDila Nkk;ghl;bw;Fk;> jho;tpw;Fk; mtdtdJ kdNk fhuzk; vd;fpd;wJ.

58
kdk; khR ,y;yhJ> Jd;gk; ,y;yhJ mika Ntz;Lk; vd;gJk; mt;thW khR>

Jd;gk; Nghd;wd jk;ik mZfhjthW fhj;Jf; nfhs;tJk; Njit vd;gij

Nkyhz;ik typAWj;Jfpd;wJ. kd Nehia Vw;gLj;jf; $batw;iw rpWgQ;r%yk;>

muk;Nghy; fpis> mlq;fhg; ngz; tpaf;fj; njhz;L>

kuk;N ghy; kfd;> khW Ma; epd;W - fuk; Nghyf;


fs;s Neha; fhZk; may; Ie;J k; MFNky;
cs;s k; Neha; Ntz;l h capHf;F (rpW.%.: 60:2-4)
vd gl;baypLfpd;wJ. kdtypikf; Fd;whJ> Cf;fj;NjhL nray;gl;lhy; CioAk;

cg;gf;fk; fhzyhk; vd;w ts;Stf; Nfhl;ghL Nkyhz;ikj; Jiwapd; jhuf

ke;jpukhFk;.

kdeyk; ve;j #oypYk; ghjpg;GFs;shfhjthW ghJfhf;f Ntz;Lk;. kdeyk;

ghjpf;fg;gLtjhy; cly;> mwpT> rpe;jid ghjpg;G Vw;gl;L jd;epiy kwe;J gpwhpd;

ntWg;Gf;F Mshfpj; jhDk; Jd;Gw;Wg; gpwiuAk; Jd;GWj;jp ,Wjpapy; kdpjd;

kdpjdhf ,y;yhj epiy Vw;gLk; vdNt kdpjd; kw;iwa eyj;ijtpl kdeyk;

Nghw;wpg; ghJf;fhf;fg; gl Ntz;ba vd;W vd;gij Nkyhz;ikapy; $Wtijf;

fPo;f;fzf;F E}y;fs; md;Nw gjpT nra;Js;sd.

xOf;f tsk;:

kdpjd; jdpj;J tho ,ayhj mNj rkak; r%fj;jpd; XH mq;fkhfj;

jpfo;gtd;. r%fj;jpd; gy;NtW cwTfshy; gpizf;fg;gl;l mtd;. r%fj; ijr;

rhHe;Jk;> cwtpidr; rhHe;Jk; thof;$ba fl;lhaj;jpw;F cs;shfpd;wdH ,J mtid

NkYk; nghWg;Gs;stdhf flikkpf;ftdhf thoNtz;ba fl;lhaj;ij

cUthf;Ftjhy; jdpkdpj xOf;fj;jpw;F kjpg;Gj; jUgtdhfpd;whd;.

xOf;f newpfNs xUtDf;F Nkd;ikiaj; jUtjhf mikAk;NghJ mJ


capiutplTk; rpwe;jjhfg; Nghw;wg;gLfpd;wJ. fPo;f;fzf;F E}y;fs; fhl;Lk; xOf;f
newpfis xUtd; gpd;gw;wpdhy; tho;f;ifapy; Nkk;ghL milayhk;. ey;xOf;fk;
ed;wpf;F tpj;jhtjhfTk;. jPnahOf;fk; Jd;gk; jUk; vd;w Kd;NdhH top tho;jNy
xOf;f tsj;jpd; mbg;gilahFk;.

59
xOf;fj;jpd; rpwg;gpid> mjdig; gpd;gw;WNthH ngWk; Nkd;ikapid ts;StH

xOf;fKilik mjpfhuj;jpy; “ghpe;Njhk;gpf;fhf xOf;fk;” (Fws;: 132)> “xOf;fk;

cilik Fbik” (Fws;: 133) “XOf;fj;jpd; ey;yhH cuNthH” (Fws;: 136)>

xOf;fj;jpd; va;JtH Nkd;ik” (Fws;: 137) “xOf;fk; cilatHf;F Vy;yhNt jPad;”

(Fws;: 139) vd gythW tpje;J $Wfpd;whH. Nkw;Fwpg;gpl;l E}y;fs; ahTk; jdpkdpj

xOf;fj;jpd; $Wk; ghd;ikapy; mike;Js;sd. ,tw;wpd; Kjd;ikahd Nehf;fNk

ey;y tskhd r%fj;ij cUthf;f mbg;gilj; Njit xOf;fNk ew;Fbg; gpwg;G>

gz;ghL> ew;rpe;jid ,tw;wpd; mbg;gilapy; kdpjdplk; mikAk; xOf;f tskhdJ

jd;id Nkd;ikailar; nra;tNjhL> r%f Nkk;ghl;bw;Fk; Jiz nra;Ak;. ,jd;

mbg;gilapy; Nkyhz;ik ty;YdHfs; jdpegH xOf;fj;jpw;F Kf;fpaj;Jtk;

jUfpd;wdH. jd;dif; fhj;Jf; nfhs;shjtd; xUNghJk; jhd; rhHe;j r%f

epWtdj;ijf; fhf;f KbahJ vd;gij ,d;W gl;lwpNthL $Wtij md;Nw mDgt

mwpthy; fPo;f;fzf;F E}y;fs; $wpAs;sd.

cly; tsNkyhz;i k:

RtH ,Ue;jhy; jhd; rpj;jpuk; tiua vd;w ek; Kd;NdhH nkhop cly;

tsj;jpd; Kf;fpaj;Jt ntspg;ghlhFk;. ey; czT> J}a;ik> ew;rpe;jid ,tw;wpd;

mbg;gilahf mikAk; cly; tsk; kdpj Fy Nkk;ghl;bd; mbg;gilahf mikAk;

cly; tsk; kdpj Fy Nkk;ghl;bd; Mzp NtwhFk;. „clypid cWjp nra;‟ vd;w

ghNte;jhpd; thpfs; cly; tsj;jpd; Nkyhz;ikiar; Rl;LtNj MFk;.

Vyhjpapy;> kf;fs; midtUk; jplkhf> cuk; tha;e;jtHfshf Nehapd;wp

tho;gtHfshfj; jpfo clw;gapw;rp Njit vd;gij typAWj;Jfpd;wJ.

vLj;j y;> Klf;f y;> epkpHj;j y;> epiyNa


gLj;j NyhL Mly;> gfhpd; (Vyk;: 69)
vd tUk; ghly; jkpoHfs; neLq;fhykhf clw;gapw;rpia cly; tsj;jpw;fhf

nra;jdH vd;gij ntspg;gLj;Jfpd;wJ.

60
,d;iwa #oypy; nghJr; Rfhjhuj;jpy; xUtDila cly; eyj;jpd; ey

tho;Tf;Fk; Neha;f;Fk; mtNd nghWg;ghfpd;whd;. Rj;jkhd czT> ePH> fhw;W>

gof;ftof;fq;fs;. ,jpy; Kf;fpa ,lk;ngWfpd;wd vd;W Nkyhz;ikf;fy;tp cly;

tsj;jpd; Njitia typAWj;Jfpd;wJ. ,jid 2000 Mz;LfSf;F Kd;Ng „kUe;J‟

(Fws;: 95) „Gyhy; kWj;jy;‟ (Fws;: 26) „fs; cz;zhik‟ (Fws;: 93) Mfpa

mjpfhuq;fspy; cly; eyj;jpd; Njitia ts;StH typAWj;jpAs;shH.

xUtDila clypy; thjk;> gpj;jk;> fgk; ,it %d;Wk; kpFe;jhYk;>

Fiwe;jhYk; Neha; cz;lhFk;> cz;l czT ed;F nrhpj;j gpd;dNu kWgbAk;

cz;z Ntz;Lk;> mstpwpe;J cz;Zjy; ed;W> xt;thj czTfis ePf;Fjy;>

cz;L nrhpj;j czT ntspNawpa gpd; cz;Zjy; vd clYf;Fj; Njitahd

cztpd; gad;ghl;L epiyfis ts;StH typAWj;jpf; $wpfpd;wdH.

cztpidf; $Wk; mNj Ntisapy;> cly;eyj;ij Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;F

xOf;fkhd eltbf;iffSk; Njit vd;gij gpwd;,y; tpioahik> xOf;fk;

cilik> $lhxOf;fk;> tiutpd; kfspH Nghd;w mjpfhuq;fisg; gilj;Js;shH.

kUe;Jfspd; $l;Lf; fyitapd; ngaHfisf; fPo;f;fzf;F E}y;fs;

nfhz;bUg;gjd; mbg;gilf; fhuzk;> cly; Nehiaj; jPHg;gd Nghd;W csNehia

jPHf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w mbg;gilapNyNa vd;gij M. NtYg;gps;is jdJ E}ypy;

Fwpg;gpLfpd;whH.

“mwf; fUj;Jf;fis Vw;wpuhj rKjhak; Neha; nfhz;lJ vd epidj;J mwf;


fUj;Jf;fis kUe;jhff; nfhz;L> kUe;Jg; ngaHfspy; mwE}y;fis vOjp
ntspapLk; Kaw;rpAk; mwE}y;fs; fhyj;jpy; ele;jJs;sJ.

rkz> ngsj;jj; Jwtpfs; kf;fSf;F kUe;J jhdr; nra;tjpDk; ftdQ;


nrYj;jpAs;sdH. mNrhfH kd;dd; jkpo;ehl;Lf;Fj; jUkg; gpurhufHfis mDg;gpd
nghOJ> kUe;J nra;a ty;ytHfisAk; mDg;gpdhH. jphpfLfk;> rpWgQ;rKk;> Vyhjp
vd;w mwE}y;fs; ,t;tifapy; vOe;jd Neha; vd;gJ jsHr;rp (nkypT>

61
Neha;ikiar; nra;tJ Neha;). te;j Nehia eP f;FtJk; Nehia tuhky; jLg;gJk;
kUe;J. jphpfLfk;> rpWgQ;r%yk;> Vyhjp vd;w kUe;Jfs; cly; Nehiaj; jPHg;gJ
Nghy mNj ngaHfshy; ey;nyhOf;f Kiwfisj; njhFj;jikf;fg;gl;l mwE}y;fs;
csNehiaj; jPHf;f cjtpd.

jphpfLfk; %d;W kUe;Jr; ruf;FfisAk; rpWgQ;r%yk; Ie;J kUe;J

NtHfisAk; Vyhjp Vyk; Kjyplk; Ie;Jf;F Nkw;gl;l kUe;Jr; ruf;FfisAk;

nfhz;lhf;fg;gLtjhy; ,g;ngaHfisAila E}y;fSk; KiwNa %d;W> Ie;J>

Ie;Jf;F Nkw;gl;l xOf;f Kiwfisj; njhFj;Jf; $Wfpd;wd. Nkw;$wpa

kUe;Jfspw; NrUk; xt;nthU kUe;Jr; ruf;Fk; jdpjdpNa clYf;Fg; gyg;gy

eyd;fisr; nra;Ak; Mw;wy; gilj;jJ. mit xd;W NrUkplj;J NkYk; gy jdp

eyd;fis tpistpf;fpd;wd.

,e;E}y;fspYs;s xt;nthU nra;AspYk; $wg;gLk; mwq;fs; mt;thW

gad;gLnkd vjpHghHf;fg;gl;lJ vd;W Fwpg;gpLtJ cly; tsj;jpd; kPJ cs;s

mf;fiwapd; ntspg;ghlhFk;.

Cd; cz;gjd; jPikia ts;StH $wpaJ Nghd;Nw ehd;kzpf;fbif

“capiuf; nfhs;shJ cz;gtd; ,dpJ cz;lhd;” (ehd;kzpf;fbif.58) vd;Wk;

Cidj; jpd;W> Cidg; ngUf;fy; ,d;dh (,d;dh ehw;gJ. 22) vd;W ,d;dh

ehw;gJk; Fwpg;gpLfpd;wJ.

mfj; J}a;ikf;fhf fPo;f;fzf;F E}y;fs; ,aw;wg;gl;ld. vdpDk;>


mfj;J}a;ikNahL Gwj; J}a;ikAk; kdpjts Nkk;ghl;Lf;F mtrpak; vd;gij
Mrhuf;Nfhit czHj;Jfpd;wJ. itfiwapy; Japy; vOjy; Kjy; cwq;Fjy;
tiuapyhd midj;J epiyfspYk; cly;eyk; rhHe;j mwpTiufshd Nkyhz;ikia
Kd;itf;fpd;wJ.

,dpg;ghd czTfis KjypYk;> frg;ghd czTfis ,WjpAk; Vida

czTfis ,ilapYk; cz;f vd;W czT nrhpkhdk; miltjw;fhd rhpahd

Kiwia mwptpay; El;gj;Jld; $Wfpd;wJ. mNjNghd;W Rfhjhuk; Fwpj;Jf;

62
$Wk;NghJ “jiyapNy jltpf;nfhz;l vz;izahy; NtW ve;j cWg;igAk;

njhlf;$lhJ. gpwH fl;bf;fopj;j mOf;fj; Jzpfisj; njhlf; $lhJ> vt;tsT

mtrukhdhYk; gpwH jhpj;j eilad;fis khl;bf; nfhz;L elj;jy; $lhJ

vd;fpd;wJ.

Fspj;jy; vd;why; mJ jiy KOFjiyNa Fwpf;Fk; vd;Wk; cly; tsj;jpw;F

mbg;gilahf “fha;e;jJ vdpDk; jiy KOFjypd; mtrpaj;ijf; Fwpg;gpLfpd;wJ.

,d;iwa fy;tp epiyaq;fspy; fy;tpf;Fj; jUk; Kjd;ikia clw;fy;tpf;Fk;

jUtJ ,jd; mbg;gilapNyNa vd;why; mJ kpifad;W.

mwE}y;f spy; el;G Nkyhz;i k:

md;G vd;Dk; czHit xUtH cs;sj;jpy; ,d;ndhUtH cz;lhf;FtNj

el;ghFk;. el;G kdpjidg; gz;Gs;stdhfTk;> ehfhpfKs;stdhfTk; khw;WfpwJ

el;Gf; nfhs;tJ vd;gJ Kfj;jstpy; kfpo;e;jpUg;gJ md;W xj;j czHthy;

xd;WgLtjhFk;.

el;G vd;gjw;F epfuhd Mq;fpyr; nrhy; Friendship vd;gjhFk;. el;ghdJ

cwtpdH my;yhNjhUld; nfhs;Sk; cwtpidNa Fwpf;fpwJ. ez;gHfspd; caHitj;

jkJ caHthfTk; mtHfspd; gopapidj; jdJ gopahfTk; nfhs;sf;$baNj

cz;ikahd el;ghFk;. rhd;NwhH el;ghdJ gpiwj;jpq;fisg; Nghy xt;nthU ehSk;

KiwKiwNa tsUk; jd;ikAilaJ vd;gij>

nghpatH Nfz;i k gpiwNghy ehSk;


thpir thpirah ee;Jk; (ehyb: 125:1-2)
ehybahH el;gpd; Nyhz;ikia czHj;JfpwJ. gidkuj;jpw;F xhpUehs; ePHthHj;J

epWj;jptpl;lhYk; neLq;fhyk; tsHe;J cz;Ztjw;F Eq;F jUk; njhlHe;J

je;Jnfhz;NlAk; ,Uf;Fk; ey;ytH el;Gk; ,j;jifaNj vd;gij>

vz;z mUk; ngz;i kg;N ghd;W ,l;l Qhd;W ,l;l Nj


njhd;i k cilahH njhlHG (ehyb: 216:3-4)
63
vd;W rkz KdptHfspd; ghly; vLj;Jiuf;fpwJ. ey;y ,ay;Gs;stHfSld; el;G

nra;jNy ey;nyhOf;fkhFk;.

ey;y pdf;f j;N jhL el;l y; (M.Nfhit. gh.:3)

vd;Dk; ghlyb top el;gpd; Nkyhz;ik gz;ghL ntspg;gLfpwJ.

jhdhf cjTjy;:

kdpj tho;f;ifapy; ,lHghLfs; Vw;gLtJ ,ay;G mt;tplHghLfspy;

mfg;gl;Lf;nfhz;l xUtiu mtuJ ez;gH jhdhfr; nrd;W cjtpnra;J fhf;f

Ntz;Lk;. ez;gDf;Fj; Jd;gk; te;jNghJ mtd; Nfl;fhkNyNa jhNd nrd;W

cjTtNj ey;y el;ghFk;. xUtH nra;Ak; cjtpiaf; nfhz;Nl mtUila jsuh

el;ig mwpaKbAk; vd;gij>

Nrhuh ey;e l;G cjtpapd; mwpg (KJ. fhQ;. gh.: 3)


vd;Dk; KJnkhopf;fhQ;rp ghlypd; top mwpaKbfpwJ.

neUq;fpa ez;gdpd; Jd;gj;ijf; fz;L mikjpahf ,Uj;jy; $lhJ vd;W>

el;l hH ,Lf;f z; fhz;l y; edp,d;dh (,d;dh. 26)

vd ,d;dhehw;gJ ghlybAk; vLj;jpak;GfpwJ.

cLf;i f ,oe;j td; ifNghy Mq;N f


,Lf;f ; fistjhk; el;G (Fws;: 788)

vd;Dk; Fws; ez;gDf;Fj; Jd;gk; NeHe;jhy; mtd; Nfsh Kd;Ng nrd;W me;jj;

Jd;gj;ijg; Nghf;FtNj el;ghFk;. vd;W el;gpw;F tpsf;fk; jUfpwJ.

,lH ,d;dh> el;l hHfz; <ahik ,d;dh (rpW.%. gh.12)

vd;w ghlyb ez;gHfs; JaUw;w fhyj;jpy; mtUf;F Ntz;Lk; nghUisf;

nfhlhjpUj;jy; Jd;gj;ijj; jUk; vd;W ciuf;fpwJ.

64
,y;y wk;- nrhy; tpsf;f k;:

,y;ywk; vd;gij ,y; +mwk; vdg; gphpf;fyhk;. ,y;ywj;jpypUe;J nra;Ak;

,y;ywk; vdg;gLfpwJ.

,y;t ho;f ;i f:

,y;tho;f;if vd;gJ xUtDk; xUj;jpAk; $b tho;tjhFk; mjhtJ jdf;fhf

,y;yhky; gpwUf;fhf tho;tJ ,y;tho;f;if. ,y;tho;f;ifapy; mbg;gilahf

fUjgLgts; ngz;Nz ngz;zpDila FzNk mt;tPl;il ey;y epiyf;F nfhz;L

nry;Yk; vd;Dk; ,f;fUj;ij>

kidf;F Mf;f k; khz;l kfspH (ehd;k zp: 18:1)

vd;Dk; ,g;ghly; top mwpaKbfpwJ. NkYk; gz;Gila newpgpwohy;

ele;Jnfhs;ths;. vj;jizf; fhty; ,Ue;jhYk; jd; fl;Lg;ghL ,y;yhjts; jhd;

tpUk;gpathW jPa gof;fq;fspy; xOFths; vd;gij>

gl;l hq;N f gl;L xOFk; gz;G cilahs;@ fhg;g pDk;


ngl;l hq;F xOFk; gpizapyp@ (ehd;k zp:89:1-2)
vd;w ghly; thapyhf mwpa KbfpwJ. ,y;ywj;jpy; tUtha;f;Fj; jf;f nryT ,Uf;f

Ntz;Lk;. mg;gb ,Uf;ff;$ba ,y;ywNk jiyrpwe;J tpsq;Fk; vd;w

,k;Nkyhz;ikg; gz;gpid>

jj;j k; tsj;J mida tho;t hH tof;F (ehd;k zp: 70:4)

vd;w ghlyb vLj;jpak;GfpwJ. NkYk; kze;J nfhz;l fztUld; ngz; xd;Wgl;L

tho;jy; kpfr;rpwg;G vd;w Nkyhz;ik rpe;jidiaAk;>

xd;W Cf;fy; ngz;b H njhopy;eyk; vd;W k; (ehd;k zp: 84:1)

MZk;> ngz;Zk; ,ize;J thOk; tho;f;ifNa ,y;ywj;jpd; rpwg;G vd;gijAk;

,g;ghly;top mwpaKbfpwJ.

65
tpUe;N jhk;g y; Nkyhz;i k:

,y;tho;f;ifapd; capHehb tpUe;Njhk;gy; MFk;. tpUe;Njhk;gypy;yh ,y;ywk;

,y;ywkhfNt ,Uf;fhJ. xUtd; ,y;ywk; Nkw;nfhs;tjd; Nehf;fk; tpue;jpdiu

tuNtw;W cgrhpg;gNj MFk;> ,jid ts;StH>

,Ue;N jhk;g p ,y;t ho;t njy;y hk; tpUe;N jhk;g p


Ntshz;i k nra;j w; nghUl;L (Fws;: 81)

,f;Fwspd; thapyhff; Fwpg;gpLfpwhH. tpUe;jpdiu ,d;Kfj;NjhL tuNtw;W tpUe;J

nfhLg;gJ tpUe;jpdiu kfpo;tpf;Fk; tpUg;gkpy;yhky; tpUe;J nfhLg;gJ

mtHfSila kfpo;r;rpiaf; nfLf;Fk; vd;gij>

nrd;w tpUe;j k; tpUg;G ,yhH Kd; rhk;@ mUk; GzHg;g pd;

(ehd;kzp: 44:1-2)

vd;w ghlypd; top tpUe;Njhk;gypd; Nkd;ikahd Nkyhz;ikia mwpa KbfpwJ.

tpUe;j pdiug; Ngzy;:

cz;b f;F moF tpUe;NjhL cz;l y;5 (ey;t op: 10)

vd;ghH mjptPuuhkghz;baH. ,t;tsT rpwg;Gkpf;f tpUe;jpdUf;F nra;a Ntz;ba

rpwg;Gfshf>

KWty; ,dpJiu fhy;e PH kizgha;


fpilf;i fNahL ,t;i te;J k; (M. Nfhit: 54:1-2)

te;j tpUe;jpdHfSf;F cztspj;jJld;> tpUe;jpdHfisg; Gd;KWtNyhL tuNtw;wy;>

fhy; fOt ePH mspj;jy; mkHtjw;F ,Uf;if mspj;jy;> cwq;fg; gha; jUjy;>

jq;Ftjw;F ,lk; nfhLj;jy; ,it Ie;Jk; tpUe;jpdHf;fSf;Fr; nra;Ak;

Nkyhz;ikg; gz;Gfshff; Fwpg;gplg;gLfpwJ.

66
el;g pd; Nkd;i k:

cyfpy; vy;NyhH kPJk; el;Gf; nfhs;tJk; capiuf; nfhLg;gJ Nghd;w

xd;whFk;. gz;ila jkpo; ,yf;fpaq;fSk; el;ig gw;wp vLj;Jf; $wpapUf;fpwJ. Kfk;

kl;Lk; kyHtJ el;gd;W md;ghy; mfKk; kyHtJ jhd; el;G vd;gjidNa>

Kfef el;g J el;g d;W neQ;r j;J


Mfef el;g J el;G (Fws;: 786)
vd;W ts;StH $WfpwhH.

xt;nthU jdpgl;l kdpjDf;Fk; NjitahdJ el;G. kdpjDf;F el;G vd;W

nrhy;yg;gLfpd;w cwT fpilf;FNkahdhy; mtd; rpwe;j kdpjdhf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;

vd;Wk; mwnewp el;igj; NjHe;njLj;Jf; nfhz;L tho;f;if. tho;gtDila tho;T

rpwg;ghf mikAk;. r%fj;jpy; ey;ytHfshf tho KbAk; vd;Wk; ehybahH $WfpwJ.

cs;nshd;W itj;J Gwnkhd;W NgRgtHfspd; el;ig> ehybahH ahidiag;

Nghd;wtHfsJ el;ig tpl;L ehiag; Nghd;wtHfsJ el;igj; jOtpf;nfhs;Sjiyg;

Nghd;wJ el;gpd; Nkyhz;ik vd;fpwJ ,jid>

ahid midatH ez;n ghhp, ehaidahH


Nfz;i k nfoP, f; nfhsy Ntz;L k; ahid
mwpe;j wpe;J k; ghfidNa nfhy;Y k; vwpe;j Nty;
nka;a eh thy;F iyf;F k; eha; (ehyb:213:1-4)
vd;w ghlypd; %yk; mwpe;Jnfhs;s KbfpwJ.

Ntiyiag; gfpHe;j spj;j y;:

cyfpy; cs;s capHfspy; kpfTk; rpwe;j Mw;wy; kdpj Mw;wNy kdpjd; jd;

kdj;jhy; rpe;jpj;Jr; nray;gLk; nraNy kpfr; rpwe;j Mw;wyhFk;. xUtiuf;

fz;lTlNd mthpd; cUT fz;L eiff;fhJ mtUila nray; jpwikawpe;J

nray;gl Ntz;Lk;. ,t;thW Ntiyia gy;NyhUf;Fk; gfpHe;jspj;Jr; nray;gl

Ntz;Lk; vd;gij> ts;StH>

cUTfz;L vs;s hik Ntz;L k; cUs;n gUe;N jHf;F


mr;r hzp md;dhH cilj;J (Fws;: 667)

67
vd;;fpwhH. NjHf;Fr; rpW mr;rhzpg;Nghy ,t;Tyfpy; tbtj;jhy; rpwpatuha; ,Ue;jhYk;

,Ug;gH vd;W $Wk; mtH.

tpidj;j pl;g k; vd;g J xUtd; kdj;j pl;l k;


kw;i w vy;y hk; gpw (Fws;: 661)

vd;W Ntiyj;jpl;lnkd;gJ mjidr; nra;Ak; kd cWjpNa Vida mjidf;

fhl;bYk; rpwg;Gila ey;y vd;fpwhH.

mjpfhuKk; nghWg;G k;:

xU jpl;lj;ij epiwNtw;Wk; nghUl;L> mt;thjpfhuj;jpw;F chpatd; vt;thW

,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;Wk; mj;jpl;lj;ijg; nghWg;Gld; vt;thW nrayhw;w Ntz;Lk;

vd;gijAk;>

tPn wa;j p khz;l hH tpidj;j pl;g k; Nte;j d;f z;


Cnwa;j p cs;s g; gLk; (Fws;: 665)
vd;Wk;>

vz;z pa vz;z pahq;F va;J g vz;z paH


jpz;z paH Mfg; ngwpd; (Fws;: 666)

vd;W jpl;lj;ijr; nray;gLj;JNthH jpz;zpa cWjpAilatuhf ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;

vd;Wk; ts;StH Fwpg;gpLfpwhH.

Nkyhz;ikg; gz;Gfspy; kpfTk; Kf;fpakhdg; gz;G xOf;fkhFk; ,jid>

ghpe;N jhk;g pf; fhf;f xOf;f k; njhpe;N jhk;g pj;


NjhpDk; m/Nj Jiz (Fws;:132)
vd;w Fws; ,jid vLj;jpak;GfpwJ.

xU Kfkhf topelj;J jy; :

nray; nra;fpd;wtHfspd; Mw;wiyAk; khw;whdpd; typikAk;

JiztypikiaAk; rPHJ}f;fpg;ghHj;J topelj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk; vd;gij>

tpidtypAk; jd;t ypAk; khw;w hd; typAk;


JiztypAk; J}f;f pr; nray; (Fws;: 471)
vd;Wk; mt;thW nray;gl Jzpe;jgpd; mjdpypUe;J gpd;thq;Fjy; ,Of;F vd;gij>

68
vz;z pj;J zpf fUkk; Jzpe;j gpd;
vz;Z tk; vd;g J ,Of;F (Fws;: 467)
vd;w Fwspd; %yKk; tpsf;fpAs;shH.

rkj;J tk;:

kdpjHfs; kdg;gz;gpdhy; caHe;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk; mJNt caHT. jd;

typikapDk; Fiwe;jhiu vs;sp eifahly; nra;tJ gz;GilahH nra;Ak;

nrayy;y. NkYk; md;ghy; rkj;Jtj;ij Nkw;nfhs;sNtz;Lk; vd;gij>

cWg;n ghj;j y; kf;f nshg;G md;w hy; ntWj;j f;f


gz;n ghj;j y; xg;g jhk; xg;G (Fws;: 993)
vd;w Fwspd; %yk; Rl;bf;fhl;bAs;shH.

epWtd Nkyhz;i k:

epWtd Nkyhz;ik vd;gJ ,d;W xU ngUq;fy;tpahf tsHe;J tUfpwJ.

,d;W fy;tpf; fofq;fspYk; njhopy; epWtdq;fspYk;> epjp epWtdq;fYk; gue;J

tphpe;J tsHe;Njhq;fp tUfpwJ ,d;iwa r%f tho;tpw;Fk;jdpkdpj tho;tpw;Fk;

mf;fy;tpahdJ ,d;wpaikahjjhf mike;Js;sJ.

ehLk; epWtdKk;:

ts;StH fhyj;jpy; coTj;njhopiy mbg;gilaf; nfhz;l rKjhak;

epytpaJ. gpw njhopy;fis Mq;fhq;Nf Fwpg;gpl;l ts;StH coTf;Ff;nfd;W

jdpnahU mjpfhuj;ij tFj;Js;shH ifj;njhopy;> thzpfk; gw;wpa Fwpg;GfisAk;

fhzKbfpwJ.

thzpfr; nra;t hHf;F thzpfk; Ngzpg;


gpwTk; jk;N ghy; nrapd; (Fws;: 120)

vd;Dk; Fwspy; thzpfQ; nra;NthH jk;nghUs; Nghyg; gpwH nghUisAk; vz;zp

ghJfhf;Fk; Kiwapy; thzpfQ; nra;thuhapd; mJ rpwg;ghd thzpfkhFk;.

epWtdk;:

jiytd; ,y;yhj ,lj;jpy; fl;Lg;ghL ,y;iy. fl;LghL ,y;yhj ,lj;jpy;

tsHr;rp ,y;iy. ,JNt eilKiw cz;ikahf fhzg;gLfpwJ. vdNt epWtdk;

69
vd;why; mjw;F ey;y jiyik mtrpakhFk; murDf;Fhpa jFjpfisg; gw;wpf;

Fwpg;gpLk; ts;StH>

mQ;r hik <if mwpTCf;f k; ,e;e hd;F k;


vQ;r hik Nte;j w;F ,ay;G (Fws;: 382)

vd;fpwhH. murd; vdg;gLgtd; mQ;rhik <if ey;ywpT Cf;fk; cilik Nghd;w

ew;gz;Gfisf; nfhz;ltdhf kl;Lkpd;wp J}q;fhik> fy;tp> JzpTilik Mfpa

%d;W gz;GfisAk; nfhz;ltdhfTk; ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk; vd;gij>

J}q;f hik fy;t p JzpTlik ,k;% d;W k;


ePq ;f h epydhs; gtHf;F (Fws;: 383)
vd;w Fwspy; Rl;bf; fhl;bAs;shH.

tpw;gidahsH jd; epWtdj; jahhpg;gpd; ngUikfisAk; epiwfisAk; Nghl;b

jahhpg;gpd; FiwfisAk; ed;F njhpe;jpUj;jy; mtrpakhFk;. ,ijj;jhd;

jpUts;StH>

tpidtypAk; jd;t ypAk; khw;w hd; typAk;


JiztypAk; J}f;f pr; nray; (Fws;: 471)
vd;fpwhH. tpidtyp vd;gJ>

o tpw;gidf;Fhpa nghUs;

o nghUspd; juk;

o nghUspd; tpiy vd;gdthFk;.

jd;t yp vd;g J:

tpw;gidahshpd; jFjpfs; MFk; tpw;gidahsH nghUisg; gw;wpa mwpTk;

nghUspd; mUik ngUikfis vLj;Jr; nrhy;Yk; ghq;Fk; jhd; nrhy;y

epidj;jij epWTk; ghq;Fk; nfhz;ltuhf ,Uj;jy; mtrpak;.

70
khw;w hd; typ vd;g J:

jdJ epWtdj;jpd; jahhpg;Gf;F Nghl;bahfg; gpw epWtdq;fs; jahhpf;Fk;

nghUisg; gw;wpAk; me;epWtdj;jhhpd; gz;Gfs; nrad;ikfs; gw;wpAk; mwpAk; mwpT.

Jiztyp vd;g J:

epWtdj;jpd; jahhpg;Gf;Fg; Nghl;bahf ,Ug;gtHfs; gw;wpajhFk; ve;jr;

nrad;ikia vthplk; nfhLj;jhy; rpwg;ghfr; nra;gtHfs; vd;gij Muha;j;jwpe;J

nra;jy; mtrpak; vd;w epiyapy; Jiztyp kpfTk; ,d;wpaikahjhFk;.

gzpahsH eyd;:

epWtdj;jpd; tsHr;rpf;Fk; gzpahsHfspd; gq;fspg;G vd;gJ gzpahsHfspd;

<Lghl;NlhL Kbfpw nra;jp md;W. gzpahsHfs; cz;ikahd <Lghl;NlhL gzpahw;w

Ntz;LNkahdhy; mjw;fhd #oiy epHthfk; nrt;tNd nra;J juy; mtrpakhFk;.

Kiwnra;J fhg;g hw;W k; kd;dtd; kf;f l;F


,iwvd;W itf;fg; gLk; (Fws;: 388)

vd;gJ ts;StH thf;F. Kiwnra;J fhg;ghw;Wk; kd;dd; vg;gb kf;fSf;F

,iwtdhfpd;whNdh mjNghy gzpahsHfSf;Fj; Njitahd midj;J trjpfisAk;

nra;JnfhLj;J mjd;%yk; cz;ikahd <Lghl;NlhL epWtd tsHr;rpapy;

mf;fiuAld; gzpahw;w Ntz;Lk; vd;w czHitg; gzpahsHfs; eLNt Vw;gLj;Jk;

epHthfj; jiyikNa ey;y jiyikahff; fUjg;gLk;.

tpw;g id El;g q;f s;:

tzpf Kiwapy; ntw;wp vd;gJk; Njhy;tp vd;gJk; mZFKiwapNyNa

mikfpwJ. ,jid tpw;gid El;gq;fs; vdyhk;.

gad;fis kl;Lk; nrhy;Yjy; Njitfis epidT+l;Ljy; glq;fs;

tptuq;fSld; tpsf;Fjy; tpUg;gijj; Njitahf khw;Wjy; re;jpg;ig Kd;gjpNthL

71
nra;jy; Nghd;wtw;iw nra;aj;jf;fdthfTk; thjk; nra;jy;> thrypy; tpw;gidiaj;
njhlq;Fjy; thbf;ifahshplkpUe;J nghUl;fis vjpHghHj;jy; Nghd;wtw;iw
nra;aj;jf;fjdthfTk; Fwpg;gpLtH ngUk;ghyhtHfspd; Njhy;tpf;Ff; fhuzk; Kjypy;
nrhy;yg;gl;lij nra;ahkypUg;gJk; gpd;dhy; nrhy;yg;gl;lij nra;tJNk MFk;.
,jid> nra;j f;f my;y nraf;n fLk; nra;j f;f
nra;a hik ahDk; nfLk; (Fws;: 466)
vd typAWj;JfpwhH ts;StH.
md;G ilik:

kdpjid kdpjNdhLk; gpw capHfNshLk; ,ize;J itg;gJ md;G kdpj

tho;f;ifapd; capHehbahf tpsq;Fk; md;gpid „md;gpd; topaJ capHepiy‟ vd;ghH

ts;StH ,ijNa ghujpAk; thof; $ba topKiwfshff; Foe;ijfSf;Fr; nrhy;Yk;

NghJ>

md;G kpFe;j nja;t k; cz;L –Jd;g k;


mj;j idAk; Nghf;f ptpLk; ghg;g h 6

capHfsplj;j py; md;G NtZk; nja;t k;


cz;i knad;W jhdwpa Ntz;L k;
tapuKila neQ;R NtZk; ,J
thOk; Kiwikab ghg;g h 7

vd;W thOk; Kiwiag; gw;wp tpsf;fk; jUfpwhH mwKiug;gtH $l md;Gilatuhf

,Ue;jhy;jhd; mtuJ tha;nkhopia ey;NyhH jkf;F nghpJk; gaDilajhff;

nfhs;tH ,jid>

mUspd; mwKiuf;F k; md;G ilahH thar;n rhy;


nghUshf; nfhs;tH GytH (ehyb: 321)
vd;w ehyb ghly; ,jid typAWj;JfpwJ.

gq;f kpy; nra;i fa uhfpg; ghpe;J ahHf;F k;


md;G ilik uhjy; ,dpJ (,dpait: 9:3-4)

vd;w thpfspy; ,w;wkpy;yhj eilAilatuha; ahtHf;Fk; ,uq;fp

md;GilauhapUe;jhy; mtHf;F ,d;gk; te;J NrUk; vd;w tpsf;fk; jUfpwJ.

72
fy;t p:

fy;tp vd;gJ xUtDila %isapy; gy tp\aq;fisj; jpzpg;gjd;W khwhf

xOf;fk; mspg;gJ typikiaj; jUtJ xUtidj; jd;typik nfhz;L

jd;dk;gpf;ifAld; ,Uf;fr; nra;tJ Nghd;witahFk; fy;tp vd;gJ xUtDf;F

vt;thW gads;sjhfpwJ vd;gij>

fw;g fopklk; m/Fk; klk;m /fg;


Gw;f k; jPH e;J ,t;T yfpy; NfhSzUk; NfhSzHe;j hy;
jj;J tk; Md newpglUk; me;n ewpNa
,g;g hy; cyfj;J ,irepwP, - cg;g hy;
caHe;j cyfk; GFk; (ehd;k zp: 27)

vd;w ehd;kzpf;fbifg; ghly; czHj;JfpwJ. ,jpy; xUtd; fw;Fk; mwpT E}y;fshy;

mwpahik ePq;f ngWfpwhd;. mt;thW ePq;f ngWtjd; fhuzkhf ,t;Tyfpd; ,ay;ig

mwpaKbfpwJ. ,t;Tyf ,ay;ig mwptjd; %ykhf cz;ikahd mUs;newpapy;

nry;y KbfpwJ vd;w ,g;ghlypd; fUj;jpypUe;J fy;tpahdJ cz;ikahdJ

Gyg;gLfpwJ.

ts;StUk; ,jidNa fw;wgpd; epw;f mjw;Fj; jf vd mwj;jpd; top

tho;f;if elj;JjiyNaf; fy;tpapd; gadhff; fUjg; gLfpwJ. mt;thNw KJnkhopf;

fhQ;rpAk;>

NeuhJ fw;w J fy;t pad;W (KJ.fhQ;: 56)

vd;w ghlypd; %yk; tho;f;if mDgtj;NjhL nghUe;jpg; NghfhjJ fy;tp my;y

vdf; Fwpg;gpLfpwJ.

xOf;f Kilik:

rKjha xOf;fj;jpw;Fj; jdpkdpj xOf;fk; mtrpak; jdpkdpj xOf;fj;jpw;F

tho;tpay; filg; gpbg;gJ mtrpakhfpawJ mjdhNyNa xOf;fj;ij caphpDk;

Nkydjhfr; Rl;LfpwhH ts;StHg; ngUe;jif>

xOf;f k; tpOg;g k; juyhd; xOf;f k;


caphpDk; xk;g gLk; (Fws;: 131)

73
vd;w Fws; ,jidr; Rl;LfpwJ. xOf;fj;NjhL $ba fy;tpNa xUtDf;Fg;

gaDilajhf mika KbAk;. ,jid>

xjypw; rpwe;j d;W xOf;f Kilik (KJ. fhQ;: 1)

vd;w KJnkhopf;fhQ;rp ghlyb vLj;jpak;GfpwJ.

tho;tpay; kjpg;Gfs; ngUk;ghYk; xOf;fnewpapd; gy;NtW $WfshfNt>

ghpkhzq;fshfNt mike;jpUg;gijf; fhzKbfpwJ. xOf;fkpy;yhj kdpjidr;

rKjhak; tpyf;FfpwJ. rhd;whf: <nad <uj;jy; ,ope;jd;W‟ vdr; rKjhak;

,opthff; fUJk; ahrfj;jpidf; $l xOf;fkpy;yhjtdplj;jpUe;J ngWtij

tpyf;FfpwJ ,jid>

vd; ngwpDk;
nfhs;sw;f nfhs;s hH ifNkw;g l! cs;R bDk; (ehd;k zp:1:1-2)

vd;fpwJ ehd;kzpf;fbif. nry;tk; vd;gJ nghUsy;y mJ rpwe;j xOf; fNk

vd;gij>

jpU xf;f k; jPJ ,y;; xOf;f k;@ nghpa (ehd;k zp:6:1)

vd;w ghlybAk; ,jid vLj;jpak;GfpwJ. caHe;j xOf;fNk rpwe;j Nkyhz;ikg;

gz;ghFk;.

Gydlf;f k;:

jdpkdpj xOf;fj;jpw;F ,d;wpaikahjJ Gydlf;fk;. rKjhaj;jpy; Vw;gLk;

gpur;rpidfSf;Fg; Gydlf;fkpd;ikNa fhuzkhf mikfpwJ. Ik;Gyd;fspd; top

gpwf;Fk; mOf;fhW> mth> ntFsp> ,d;dhr; nrhy; Mfpa ehd;Fk; xd;Nwhnlhd;W

njhlHGilait. ,tw;iw mwj;jpw;F vjpuhd ,Ug;gitahf ts;StH Fwpg;gpLfpwhH.

kdj;jpdpd;Wk; gpwf;Fk; nghwhik MirahfTk;> mJ epiwNtwjhj epiyapy;

NfhgkhfTk;> Nfhgk; kpFe;J ,d;nrhy;yhfTk; ntspg;gLfpwJ. vdNt> vtndhUtd;

74
jd; Gyd;fspd; topr; nry;yhky; jd; topapy; khw;wpaikf;fpd;whNdh mtd; tho;tpy;

ntw;wp ngWthd;. vd;gjid>

nka;t ha; fz;% f;F r; nrtpnadg; NgHngw;w


Itha Ntl;i f mthtpidf; iftha;f ;
fyq;f hkw; fhj;J a;f ;F k; Mw;w Yilahd;
tpyq;f hJ tPL ngWk; (ehyb: 59)
vd;w ehybahH ghly; Glydlf;f Nkyhz;ikia czHj;JfpwJ.

eLTepiyik:

tho;tpay; kjpg;G Nfhl;ghl;bd; gb eLTepiyik vd;gJ vy;yh capHfisAk;

xNu jd;ikajha; ghtpj;jy; vdg;gLfpwJ.

nfLty;a hd; vd;g J mwpf jd;n eQ;r k;


eLxhP, my;y nrapd; (Fws;: 116)

vd;w Fwspd; %yk; jd;neQ;rwpe;J eLepiy jtwp KiwNflhf ele;jhy; jhd;

mope;JtpLNthk; vd;w Nkyhz;ik czHT NkNyhq;fpatd; eLepiyNahL epw;ghd;

vd;fpwJ ts;Stk;.

nrg;g KilahH kiyaidaH (jphp: 83)

vd kiyNahL eLepiyahsid xg;gpLfpwJ jphpfLfk; ,jid rpWgQ;r%yNkh>

„eiljdf;F f; Nfhlh nkhoptdg;G f; Nfhw;F ‟

vd;fpwJ xUtd; xOf;fj;jpw;F eLTepiyikapd;W jtwhikNa mofhFk; vd;Dk;>

mj;Jld; nrq;Nfhy; nrYj;Jk; kd;dDf;Fk; mJNt moF vd;Wk; $WfpwJ.

mwq;$Wk; mitapy; xUghw; Nfhlhj gz;G ,dpjhdJ vd;gjid>

kd;w f; nfhLk;g hL ciuahj khz;g pdJ (,dpait:30)

vd;fpwJ ,dpait ehw;gJ. ,g;ghlypd; %yk; rKjhaj;jpy; cs;s kjpg;ig

mwpaKbfpwJ.

$btho;j y;:

vt;t J ciwtJ cyfk; cyfj;N jhL


mt;t J ciwtJ mwpT (Fws;: 426)
75
caHe;NjhH nrd;w topapidg; gpd;gw;WtJ xUtDf;F rpwe;j mwpthFk; vd;fpwhH

ts;StH jhd; rhHe;j r%fj;jpd; tsHr;rpapy; mf;fiwAs;s xUtd; Kjypy; mjd;

mwg;gz;GfNshL xj;Jg;Nghjy; mtrpakhFk;. gpwhpd; czHTf;F kjpg;gspf;fhj

xUtd; capNuhL ,Ug;gpDk; ,we;jhUs; xUtdhfNt fUjg;gLthd; vd;gij>

xj;j jwpthd; capHtho;t hd; kw;i wahd;


nrj;j hUs; itf;f g; gLk; (Fws;: 214)

vd;wg; nghJkiw ,jid czHj;JfpwJ. ,jd;%yk; $btho;jy; vd;gJ rpwe;j

Nkyhz;ikg; gz;ghff; fUjg;gLfpwJ.

kdpj ,dk; $bthOk; ,ay;gpid cilaJ. r%fj;jpypUe;J gphpe;J jdpj;J


,Ug;gNj tWik vd;fpwJ KJnkhopf;fhQ;rp. jdpauha;g; ngWk; ,d;gKk; Jd;gNk
MFk;.
jhd; XH ,d;G wy; jdpikapd; Jt;t hJ (KJ.fhQ;. 40)

jdpauha;g;ngWk; ,d;gk; Jd;gnkdpy; gpwNuhL fye;J gpwUf;fhg; ngWk; Jd;gk;

,d;gNk vd;gijAk; mwpaKbfpwJ. vdNt jkf;fhf kl;Lk; thohJ gpwUf;fhf

thOk; tho;f;ifapd; Vw;gLk; Jd;gk; Jd;gky;y mJNt ,d;g Cw;whfg;

ngUf;nfLf;Fk; ,jid>

thohky; tUe;j paJ tUj;j kd;W (KJ. fhQ;: 57)

vd;W KJnkhopf;fhQ;rpf; Fwpg;gpLfpwJ. cyfk; ,d;Dk; mopahkypUg;gjw;Ff;

fhuzk; $Wk; GwehD}w;Wg; GytDk;>

jkf;n fd Kayh Nehd;j hs;


gpwHf;n fd KaYeH cz;i kahNd

vd;w GwehD}w;Wg; ghly; thpapypUe;J $btho;tjhy; fpilf;Fk; caHitAk;


rKjhaj;jpw;fhhfj; jd;id mhpg;gzpj;Jf; nfhs;tjhy; Vw;gLk; jpahf czHitAk;
mwpe;Jnfhs;s KbfpwJ.
murHfSf;F hpa mwr;n ray;f s;:

xUtd; murdhtjw;Fr; nra;a Ntz;ba mwq;fs; vd;ndd;d vd;git gw;wp Vyhjpg;

ghly;fs; vLj;jpak;Gfpd;wd. gpw capHfisf; nfhy;yhik> nfhy;thNuhL

76
Nruhik> fs; cz;zhik> nrUf;ff; nfhs;sjtd;. jd; FLk;gj;ij ey;y epiyapy;

itj;J gpwHf;F cjTgtd; rhd;Nwhhpd; mwpTiufisf; Nfl;L elg;gtd;> gzptpid

cilatd;. midtUf;Fk; czT nfhLg;gtd; murdhf tPw;wpUe;J ehl;il Ms;thd;

vd;gjhk; ,jid>

ngha;a hd; ngha; Nkthd; Gyhy; cz;z hd; ahtiuAk;


itahd; toprPj ;J thybrpy;- ijahNj
<j;J z;g hd; MFk; ,Uq;f ly;# o; kd;durha;g ;
ghj;J z;g hd; Vj;J z;g hd; ghL (Vyk;: 44)

vd;w Vyhjp ghly; vLj;jpak;GfpwJ. rq;f E}y;fspy; murHfisg; gw;wpAk; mtHfspd;

FLk;gk;> nfhil> tPuk; Kjypatw;iwg; gw;wpAk; rpwg;ghf vLj;Jf; $wpAs;sdH.

jdpkdpj mwk;:

xt;nthU kdpjDk; mwk; nra;J tho Ntz;Lk;. nfhiy nra;ahik> Gyhy;

cz;zhik> gpwHf;Fj; Jd;gk; nra;ahik> gpwH Jd;gj;ij ePf;Fjy;> gopj;jw;Fhpa

xOf;fj;jpdpd;W ePq;Fjy; gy ngz;fspd; topr; nry;yhik> gzpTld; ,Uj;jy; ey;y

ez;gHfisg; ngWjy; Mfpad jdpkdpj mwq;fshf $wg;gLfpd;wd.

,d;n rhy; mshty;, lk; ,dpJ}z; ahtHf;F k;


td;n rhy; fise;J tFg;g hNdy;- nkd;n rhy;
KUe;N ja;f ;F k; Kl;N ghy; vapw;w pdha; ehSk;
tpUe;N jw;g H tpz;N zhH tpiue;J (Vyk;: 7)
vd;w Vyhjp ghly; vLj;jpak;GfpwJ.

jdpkdpjd; rhpahf ,Ue;jhy; FLk;gKk; rhpahf ,Uf;Fk; vd;gjhk; FLk;gk;

rpwg;ghf mika nra;a mwq;fshf>

vs;N s gUj;j pNa vz;n za; cLj;j hil


ts;N s JzpNa ,tw;N whL - nfhs;n sd
md;G w;W mrdk; nfhLj;j hd; JizapNdhL
,d;G w;W tho;t hd; ,iae;J (Vyk;: 50)

tPl;il ,oe;jtHfs;> fz;iz ,oe;jtHfs; mdhijfs; if> fhy;> ,oe;jtHfs;>

Nehahy; Jd;Gw;wtHfs; MfpNahUf;F cjtp nra;jhy; mtHfSila FLk;gk; rpwe;J

tpsq;Fk; vd;gjhFk;.

77
tPL NgW:

xU kdpjDf;F ,we;j gpd;Dk; gpwg;G cz;L mg;gpwg;G VNjDk; XH capuhf

,Uf;fyhk;. mt;thW gpwg;G Vw;gLkhdhy; kPz;Lk; Jd;gj;ij mDgtpf;f NehpLk;

Mjyhy; gpwg;igj; jtpHj;J> ,iwtd; jpUtbia miltNj tPLNgwhFk; tPLNgW

miltjw;F jhd jUkq;fisr; nra;a Ntz;Lk; vd Vyhjp $WfpwJ.

caHe;j hd; jiytndd;( W) xg;g ilj;j hd; Nehf;f p


caHe;j hd; E}y; Xjp xLq;f p- caHe;j hd;
mUe;j tk; Mw;w r; nrapd; tPl hk; vd;w hH
ngUe;j tk; nra;j hH nghpJ (Vyk;: 64)

tho;f;ifia tPNzf;fopf;fhky; ewpnray;fisr; nra;jy; rhd;NwhH $wpa Kiwg;Ngb

elj;jy; Mfpad tPLNgW miltjw;Fhpa topfshFk;.

jdpkdpj tho;t pay;:

jdpkuk; Njhg;ghfhJ vdpDk; jdpkuk; ,d;Nwy; Njhg;Gk; ,y;iy. mJNghy

xl;Lnkhj;j rKjha mikg;Gk; xOf;fj;ijg; gpd;gw;wNtz;Lkhdhy; jdp kdpj

tho;tpYk; xOf;fj;ijg; gpd;gw;wpajhy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;top xOf;fj;jpw;Nfw;w fy;tp

KiwapidAk; typAWj;JfpwJ.

kdk;> nkhop> nray; Mfpa epiyfspy; ,aq;Fk; jdpkdpjd; Ngz Ntz;ba

xOf;fq;fSs; jiyahjJ kdj;J}a;ik> tpidj;J}a;ik Mfpad tho;tpd;

mbg;nghUl;fs; MFk;.

rKjha tho;t pay;:

kdpjHfspd; $l;likg;Ng rKjhak; vdg;gLfpwJ. ,/J FLk;g rKjha


mikg;Gfshf tphpthf;fk; ngWfpd;wd. jdf;nfd thohJ gpwHf;nfd thOk;
tho;f;ifapy; ngWk; Jd;gk; Jd;gkhdJ my;y vd;gjw;F>
thohky; tUe;j paJ tUj;j nkd;W (KJ.fhQ;. :57)

vd;w ghlyb nghUj;jkhf mikfpd;wJ. ,q;F $btho;jy; kdpj mwkhfpwJ. ,jd;

Kjdpiy ,y;ywtho;T MZk; ngz;Zk; $bf; fhkk; EfHjNyhL epd;W $lhJ

78
Nkd;ikkpf;f re;jjpfisg; ngw;Wj; jUjNy ,t;twj;jpd; Nehf;fk; vd;gjid

mwE}y;fs; kpFjpAk; typAWj;Jfpd;wd.

ngWktw;W s; ahkwpt jpy;i y mwptwpe;j


kf;f l;Ng wy;y gpw (Fws;: 61)
vd;fpwJ jpUf;Fws; ,jidNa KJnkhopf; fhQ;rpAk;>

MHfyp cyfj;J kf;f l; nfy;y hk;


kf;f s; Ngw;w pd; ngUk;N gW ,y;i y (KJ.fhQ;. 61:1-2)
vLj;jpak;GfpwJ.

ehybahH mwpTWj;J k; mwk;:

mwk;> nghUs;> ,d;gk;> tPL Mfpa ehd;Fk; jdp kdpj tho;f;ifia tsk;

mila nra;fpd;wd Ie;jwpT capHfspy; ,Ue;J khWgl;L gFj;jwpAk; mwpthf

cs;sJ ,e;j khDl tho;f;if.

itfYk; itfy; tuf;f z;L k; m/JzuhH


itfYk; itfiy itFnkd; wpd;G WtH
itfYk; itfy;j k; tho;e hs; Nky; itFjy;
itfiy itj;J zuh jhH (ehyb: 39)
vd;w ghlypd; %yk; mwpa KbfpwJ.

nry;t k; epiyahik Fwpj;j mw Nkyhz;i k:

mWRit Az;b mkHe;j py;y hd; Cl;l


kWrpif Az;l hUk; twpQuha;r ;

mWRit czTfis tpUg;gNjhL kidtp ehyb Cl;l mtw;wpy; Kjw;gpbia

kl;Lk; Vw;W mLj;j gpbAzit ntWj;J Ntz;lhnkd;W ePf;fp cz;l

ngUQ;nry;tHfSk; jrhpj;juHfshfg; gpwpNjhhplj;J nrd;W $opid ahrpg;ghHfs;.

tho;f;ifapd; jd;ik ,g;gb ,Ug;gjhy; nry;tk; epiyaw;w jd;ik vd;W ,q;F

Rl;lg;gLfpwJ. ,t;Tyfj;jpy; epiyf;Fk; vd;W fUjg;gl;l nry;tq;fs; vy;yhk;

epiyj;J epw;gd my;y vd;gij czHe;J ek;khy; nra;af;$ba mwq;fis ehk;

nra;a Ntz;Lk;.

cz;z hy; xspepwhd; Xq;F Gfo; nra;a pd;


Jd;dUq; NfspH JaH fisahd; nfhd;N d

79
jd;dplKs;s nry;tj;ij mDgtpf;fjtdhfTk; ehyb mijf; nfhz;L

jd;ngUikia epWj;jpf; nfhs;shjtdhfTk; ,j;jifa jd;ikia cilatd;

nry;tj;ij ,oe;J tpLthd; ,jpypUe;J nry;tk; epiyahik Fwpj;j mwk;

ntspg;gLfpwJ. GwehD}w;Wg;ghlypy; jdpkdpj mwk; ghly; xd;W fhzg;gLfpwJ.

<nad ,uj;j y; ,ope;j d;W mjndjpH


<Nad; vd;w y; mjdpDk; ,ope;j d;W
nfhs;v sf; nfhLj;j y; caHe;j d;W mjndjpH
nfhs;N sd; vd;w hy; mjdpDk; caHe;j d;W 8
<nad ,ue;J epd;W thOk; jd;ik ,y;yhky; kdKte;J gpwHf;F jUk; ,d;gNk

Nghpd;g epiyahFk;.

,sik epiyahik Fwpj;j mwk;:

nrhw;w sHe;J NfhYd;w pr; NrhHe;j eilapduha;g ;


gw;f od;W gz;l k; gopfhWk; ,w;n rwpe;J (ehyb: 13:1-2)

tNahjpfj; jd;ikapy; eil jsHe;J jbA+d;wp KjpHe;j taJ nfhz;L clk;ghfpa

nghUs; kw;wtHfshy; gopf;fg;gLk; tiuapy; ,y;tho;tpy; kpf;fg; gw;WjNyhL ,Ue;J

Mirg; ghijapNyNa ghHitiar; nrYj;Jfpd;wtHfSf;Fg; Nghpd;gkhfpa

Kj;jptopapy; nry;Ytjw;F tifapy; NrhiyapYs;s kuq;fs; midj;Jk; xU

fhyj;jpy; fdpfnshy;yhk; cjpHe;J nghyptpd;wp tpOtijg; Nghyj;jhd; ,sik

gUtKk; kw;Wk; ,sik gUtj;jpw;F>

neUey; csndhUtd; ,d;w py;i y vd;W NkhH


ngUik cilj;j py; TyF (Fws;: 336)

vd;W ts;StH rpe;jidapy; mwk; vd;gJ vd;Wk; epiyj;J epw;Fk; ,ay; G cilaJ.

gpwHf;Fg; gfpHe;jspf;Fk; mwk; Kjd;ikahd mwkhff; fUjg;gLfpwJ.

tpUe;N jhk;g y; fhl;L k; mwk;:

jkpofj;jpy; tpUe;jpdiug; Nghw;Wk; gz;G kpfr; rpwg;GilaJ ,y;ywk;

ngw;wjd; gad; tUe;jiy Nghw;Wjy; Ntz;Lk;. tpUe;jpdiu cgrhpf;Fk;

jd;ikaw;w ,y;ywk; MfhJ jhDk; cz;L jd;id ehb te;jtHf;Ff; nfhLj;J


80
cz;gNj rpwg;G. jhd; cz;gJ mkpo;jk;MapDk; tpUe;jpdHfNshL NrHe;j

cz;zNtz;Lk; vd;w gbNa ehybahFk; tpUe;jpdH cgrhpg;G gw;wpf; Fwpg;gpLfpwJ.

FlePH ml; vz;Z k; ,Lf;f l; nghOJk;


fldPH mwTz;Z k; NfspH thpDk;
fldPH ik ifahwhf; nfhs;S k; klnkhop
khjH kidkhl;r p ahs; (ehyb: 382)
vd;w ghly; vLj;jpak;GfpwJ.

fy;t p fhl;L k; mwk;:

kdpjdpd; kdij Nkk;gLj;j caHj;jpf; nfhs;s fy;tp kpfTk; mtrpakhf

fUjg;gLfpwJ fy;tpahdJ ey;y newpapy; mwpNthL thoj; Jiz Ghpfpd;wJ. ey;y

E}y;fisf; fy;yhj ,ay;Gila kf;fSf;F mwpTld; $ba xOf;fk; Vw;gLtJ

,y;iy vd;gij>

9
xjhjtHf;F ,y;i y czHnthL xOf;f k; (ey;t op: 91)

vd;fpwhH xsit ehybAk; fy;tpNa rpwe;j vd;Dk; vd;gij typAWj;Jfpd;wJ.

FQ;r p moFk; nfhLe;j hidf; Nfhl;l oFk;


kQ;r s; moFk; mofy;y - neQ;r j;J
ey;y ahk; vd;D k; eLT epiyikahy;
fy;t p moNf moF (ehyb: 131:1-4)
cs;sj; J}a;ikNa rpwe;j moF vd;w rhd;Nwhhpd; rpe;jidNa cs;sj;J}a;ikapd;

fy;tpia mspf;fpd;wJ cs;sj;J}a;ikiaj; jUk; fy;tpNa rpwe;j mwkhf ehybahH

Fwpg;gLfpwJ.

nghwhikia ePf ;F tJ mwk;:

Fw;wq;nfy;yhk; Kjd;ikahf tpsq;ff; $baNj nghwhik vdr;


nrhy;yr;$ba mOf;fhwhFk;. nghwhikapd; nfhLikia tpsf;f mOf;fhwhik
vd;Dk; mjpfhuj;ijg; gilj;Js;shH. ts;StH
mwd; Mf;f k; Ntz;l hjhd; vd;g hd; gpwd;M f;f k;
NgzhJ mOf;f Wg; ghd; (Fws;: 163)

vd;gjd;top nghwhikia ePf;FtNj mwk; vd;W nrhd;d ts;Stj;jpd; topapy;

nrd;why; kdj;J}a;ik ngw;W thoyhk; vd;gjhFk;.


81
Miria xopj;j y; mwk;:

nt/fhik> mthmWj;jy; vd;w ,uz;L mjpfhuq;fSk; Mirapd;

nfhLikapidAk; Miria ePf;Ftjhy; cz;lhFk; mwj;ijAk; tpsf;Ffpd;wd.

mLj;jtPl;Lg; nghUis xUtd; ftu epidj;jhy; mtdJ FbAk; Fw;wKk; te;J

NrUk; vdTk; vtndhUtd; gpwH nghUis tpUk;ghJ ,Uf;fpwhNdh mtdplk;

nry;tk; te;J NrUk; vd;gij>

mwdwpe;J nt/fh mwpTilahHr; NrUk;


jpwdwpe;J Mq;n f jpU (Fws;: 635)
vd;w Fwspd;%yk; vLj;Jf;fhl;bAs;shH.

MirNa xUtdpd; moptpw;F fhuzkhfpwJ vd;gjhk;. MfNt vtndhUk;

Miriaf; fz;L mQ;RfpwhNdh mJNt mtDf;F rpwe;j mwkhff; fUjg;gLfpwJ.

mQ;R t NjhUk; mwNd xUtid


tQ;r pj; NjhUk; mth (Fws;: 366)

vd;w Fwspy; Miria xopj;J mwtopapy; elf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w vz;zk;

epyTfpwJ. Nkyhz;ikg; gz;ig Nkw;nfhz;L Miria xopj;jJ Ntz;Lk;.

Nfhgj;i jAk; nfhLQ;n rhy;i yAk; ePf ;F tJ mwk;:

rpdnkd;Wk; vd;Dk; nfhy;yp jd;idr; NrHe;jtiuf; nfhy;Yk; mwk; nfl;L

jPikNa tUk; Mifahy; ahhplj;jpYk; Nfhgg;glf; $lhJ vd;w nra;jpiaAk;

Gyg;gLj;JfpwJ.

kwj;j y; ntFspia ahHkhl;L k; jPa


gpwj;j y; mjdhy; tUk; (Fws;: 303)

rpdk; Njhd;Wk; nghONj mjDld; nfhLQ;nrhy;Yk; Njhd;WfpwJ vd;gjid „jk;gp

cilahd; gilf;F mQ;rhd;‟ vd;w gonkhop vLj;jpak;GfpwJ.

md;N g mwj;j pd; mbg;g il:

kdpjdplk; fhzg;gLk; ey;y czHr;rpfs;jhd; mtid mwk; nra;a

J}z;LfpwJ vdyhk;. xUtdplk; md;G ,Ue;jhy; mtd; tho;f;ifapy; rpwe;j


82
,lj;ijg; ngWthd; vd;gJk; Fwpg;gplj;jf;fjhFk;. md;gpy;yhj tho;f;if tho;f;if

my;y. mJNghyNt mwkpy;yhj tho;f;ifAk; tho; thfhJ mtdJ tho;T GOg;

Nghd;wjhFk; vdf; Fwpg;gpLfpwhH ts;StH.

vd;g p yjid ntapy;N ghyf; fhANk


md;g p yjid mwk; (Fws;: 77)

vdNt xUtd; md;G epiwe;jtdhf ,Ue;jhy;jhd; mwr;nray;fisr; nra;aKbAk;

vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fjhFk;.

,dpait $wYk; mwNk:

xU kdpjd; kw;wtHfsplk; vg;gb Ngr Ntz;Lk; vd;gij vLj;Jiug;gNj

,dpait $wy; MFk;. ey;y nrhw;fisj; NjHe;njLj;Jg; NgRtjd; thapyhf

jPikiaj; jLj;J ed;ikia mila KbfpwJ. tPl;bw;F tUk; tpUe;jpdhplk;

KfkyHr;rpNahL Ngrpdhy; mJNt rpwe;j mwkhff; fUjg;gLfpwJ.

gpwd;k id Nehf;f hik Nguwk;:

gpwd; kidtpia tpUk;ghjtdhf fhkj;NjhL ghHf;fhjtdhf ,Uf;fpwhNdh

mtNd mwnewpg;gb tho;gtdhthd; mJNt mtDf;F mwkhFk; vd;gjid>

mwdpayhd; ,y;t ho;t hd; vd;g hs; gpwdpayhd;


ngz;i k dath jtd; (Fws;: 147)

gpwd;k id Nehf;f hj Nguz;i k rhd;N whHf;N f


mwd;Q d;N wh Md;w XOf;F (Fws;: 148)
Fws;fs; fhl;Lk; gpwd;kidtp Nehf;fhj NghwNk rpwe;j mwkhFk;.

mlf;f Kilik mwNk:

mlf;fk; vd;gjw;F gytifahd nghUs; cz;L i) nraypy; Ngr;rpy;

vz;zj;jpy; czHr;rpfspy; mlf;fj;ij filgpbj;jy; ii) nrUf;fpd;wp gzpTld;

ele;J nry;Yjy; iii) Mirtopapy; kdj;ijr; nry;ytplhky; Gydlf;fj;Jld;

83
,Uj;jy; iv) gzpTld; NgRjy; v) cs;sj;jpy; rpdk; Njhd;whJ fhj;jy; ,itadj;Jk;

kdpjdpd; tho;f;if newpfshFk;.

xUtd; vg;nghOJ fw;wwpTilatdha; cs;sj;jpy; rpdk; Njhd;whky;

,Uf;fpwhNdh> mtdplNk mwk; nrd;W NrHfpwJ vd;gij>

fjk;f hj;J f; fw;w lq;f y; Mw;W thd; nrt;t p


mwk;g hHf;Fk; Mw;w pd; Eioe;J (Fws;: 130)
vd;w Fws; Rl;bf; fhl;LfpwJ.

nghWikAld; tho;t Jk; mwNk:

nghWikia ifahs epidg;gtd; epyj;ijg; ghHj;J nghWik vj;jifa

jd;ik cilaJ vd;gij fw;W nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. Vnddpy; epykhdJ jd;id

Njhz;Lfpd;wtidAk; fPNo tpohky; jhq;FfpwJ mJNghyNt jk;ik ,fo;e;jhiuAk;

nghWikAld; ghHj;Jf; nfhs;tJk; xU rpwe;j mwkhFk; ,jid>

mfo;t iuj; jhq;F k; epyk;N ghy jk;i k


,fo;thiug; nghWj;j y; jiy (Fws;: 151)

vd;w Fwspy; Rl;LfpwhH. NkYk; xUtH jkf;F jPik nra;jhYk; mtHkPJ rpdk;

nfhs;shky; mtUf;F ed;ik tpisAk; tifapy; ele;J nfhs;tJk; rpwe;j

mwkhFk; vd;gij>

jpwdy;y jw;g pwH nra;a pDk; Nehnehe;J


mwdy;y nra;a hik ed;W (Fws;: 157)

vd;Dk; Fwspd; %yk; nghWikAld; tho;tNj rpwe;j mwkhfTk; mJNt kdpjDs;

kdpjidf; fhl;Lk; Nguwkha;j; jpfo;fpwJ vd;gijAk; mwpa KbfpwJ.

ngha;a hikAk; nfhy;y hikAk;:

,t;tpU gz;GfSk; kdpjdpd; caHe;j Nkyhz;ikg; gz;Gfshff;

fUjg;gLfpd;wd. cs;sj;jpy; cz;ik> thf;fpdpy; tha;ik> nraypy; nka;ik vd

thOk; tho;f;ifNa rpwe;j mw tho;f;if vd Fwpg;gpLfpwhH ts;StH. ngha;ahik

vd;w nrhy;ypw;F ngha;ah tpsf;F vd;w nrhy;iyAk; gad;gLj;jpAs;shH.

84
ngha;a hik ad;d Gfopy;i y va;a hik
vy;y h mwKk; jUk; (Fws;: 296)

ngha;a hik ngha;a hik ahw;w pd wk;g pw


nra;a hik nra;a hik ed;W
(Fws;:297)

vd;w nra;jpapid ,f;Fws;fspd; %yk; mwpe;J nfhs;s KbfpwJ. ngha; Ngrhky;

,Ug;gJk; gpw capHfis jk;KapH Nghy; fhj;Jf;nfhs;SjYNk rpwe;j mwkhFk;.

gFj;J z;L gy;Y apH xk;G jy; E}NyhH


njhFj;jtw;Ws; vy;y hk; jiy (Fws;: 322)
xd;w hf ey;y J nfhy;y hik kw;w jd;
gpd;r hug; ngha;a hik ed;W (Fws;: 328)
vd;w Fws; $Wk; mwq;fs; kdpjdpd; mwpitAk; Md;khitAk; gf;Ftg;gLj;Jk;

mwq;fshFk;.

mwKk; kdpjNkk;g hLk;:

mwk; vd;gjw;F jHkk; nra;tJ vd;Nw nghUs; $wpAs;sdH. Mdhy;


ts;StNuh>

kdj;J f;f z; khrpyd; Mjy; midj;j wd;


Mfy ePu gpw (Fws;: 34)

murpaYk; kdpjNkk;g hLk;:

kd;duhl;rpNa tpjp vd;wpUe;j fhyj;jpy; me;j Ml;rp KiwapNyNa

kf;fshl;rpapd; Nfhl;ghl;ilAk; GFj;jpAs;shH.

Kiwnra;J fhg;g hw;W k; kd;dtd; kf;f l;F


,iwnad;W itf;f g; gLk; (Fws;: 388)
vd;w Fws; kf;fshl;rpapd; Nkyhz;ikj; jd;ikia ntspg;gLj;JfpwJ.

nghUspYk; kdpj Nkk;g hLk;:

nghUspy;yhHf;F ,t;Tyfkpy;iy vd typAWj;jpa ts;StH nghUshjhuj;

JiwapYk; kdpjtsj;ij Nkk;gLj;jpAs;shH. ,d;iwa muR tuTnryT

jpl;lq;fis vt;thW tiuaWf;Fk; vd;gij>

,aw;w Yk; <l;l Yk; fhj;j Yk; fhj;j


tFj;j Yk; ty;y juR (Fws;: 385)
85
vd;w Fwspd; %yk; njspthf tpsf;fpAs;shH. NkYk; ,d;iwa Nfhl;ghLfs;

vy;yhtw;Wf;Fk; typikahd gpd;Gykhfj; jpfo;fpwJ.

,y;y wKk; kdpj Nkk;g hLk;:

,k;i k gpwg;g py; gphpayk; vd;N wdhf


fz;z pw ePH nfhz; lds; (Fws;: 1315)

vd;Dk; Fws; ,y;ywj;jpd; rpwg;ig vLj;jpak;GfpwJ. mjhtJ caphpy; fye;J

czHitj; njhLfpd;w Mokhdf; fhjYzHitg; Gyg;gLj;Jk; ,y;yw Nkd;ikiar;

Rl;bf;fhl;bAs;shH. NkYk; ,y;ywtpaiy>

,y;ywtpay;

,y;tho;f;if tho;f;ifj; Jiz eyk; kf;fl;NgW

Mizg;gw;wpaJ ngz;izg;gw;wpaJ ngw;Nwhiug; gw;wpaJ

vd;w gFg;G epiyapYk; ,y;ywtpaypd; Nkd;ikia vLj;jpak;Gs;shH.

jdpkdpjd; NjitAk; gz;G k;:

jdpkdpjd; jd; vz;zj;jpy; tsKWk;NghJ mtidr; rhHe;j tsk; ngWfpwJ.

FLk;gtsk; rKjhatskhfpg; gpd; cyftsj;ijg; Gyg;gLj;JfpwJ. ey;y

r%fj;jpw;fhd milahsq;fis tho;tpay; gz;Gfspy; tsg;gLtJ tho;tpaypd;

mtrpaj;NjitahfpwJ. md;G> gz;G> nrk;ik> nrOik> NeHik> J}a;ik

Mfpatw;iwf; filgpbj;jhy; mJ kdpjid caHj;Jk; ,jw;F mbg;gil mwTzHT

Nkk;gLjNy MFk;. „mwk;‟ vd;gjw;F „gpwHf;Fg; gpd;Dk; Jd;gk; juhik Kbe;jtiu

„gpwiu kfpor; nra;tJ‟ vdg;nghUs; $WtH rhd;NwhH.

mwTzHT Nkk;g hl;b w;f hd Nkyhz;i kr; nray;f s;:

mwTzHT Nkk;ghl;bw;F ,ay;ghf kdpjdplk; rpy nray;fs; mike;jpUf;f

Ntz;Lk; vd typAWj;Jfpd;wdH.

86
jdpkdpjd; rpwg;Gw mwpNthLk; mikjpNahLk; thoj; jd; Njitfisg; G+Hj;jp

nra;Jnfhs;sj; jkJ ciog;ig gad;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;

jkJ tho;f;ifr; nray;fisg; gpwHkdk;> cly; tUe;jhj tpopg;G epiyNahL

mikj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;

czTf;f hf capHnfhiy $lhJ

gpwuJ tho;ThpikiaAk;> gpwHjk; nghUl;fisAk; kjpj;J> fhj;J gpwf;F cjtp

tho Ntz;Lk;

Jd;gg;gLk; capHfl;F ek;khy; Md cjtpfisr; nra;a jahuhf ,Uf;f

Ntz;Lk; vd;gdthFk;

gpwH czHit kjpj;j y;

kw;wtHfspd; czHr;rpfSf;F kjpg;Gf; nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ khdpl

tpOkpaq;fSs; xd;whFk;. Gyhy; cz;zhjtHfspd; kdk; NehFk; tz;zk;

mtHfspd; ,y;yj;jpy; ,Ue;J ,iwr;rp cz;gJ ed;wd;W vd;gij>

me;j zH ,y; ,Ue;J Cz; ,d;dh (,d;dh.1)

vdf; $WfpwJ. ,d;dhehw;gJ Jd;gk; nra;ahky; ,Ug;gJ kl;Lk; my;yhky;

Jd;gj;ijg; Nghf;fTk; Ntz;Lk;. Jd;gk; Nghf;Ftjw;F „kdpjd;‟ vd;Dk; xNu xj;j

msTNfhiy kl;Lk;jhd; nfhs;sNtz;Lk; vd;W kpf mOj;jkhf ePjp ciug;gJ

ehybahH MFk;.

,d;dh ,idaH vkHgpwH vd;D k; nrhy;


vd;D k; ,yuhy; ,ay;g pdhy; Jd;dpj;
njhiy kf;f s; Jd;g e;j PH g; ghNuahH khl;L k;
jiykf;f s; Mfw;g h yhH (ehyb: 205)

jd;id mz;batHfs; ahuhf ,Ug;gpYk; mtHfisf; fhg;ghw;WtJ ,dpa mwk;

vd;gJ fUj;jhFk;.

Mf;fk; jUk; mwtpidfisr; nra;a Ntz;Lk; vd rpWgQ;r%yk; Fwpg;gpLfpwJ.

,jid>

87
rpiwf;f ple;j hH nrj;j hf;F Neha; g hH gyehs;
ciwf; fple;N jhH xd;w pilapl;L cz;g hH - gpiwf;f ple;J
Kw;w idj;J k; cz;z hJ mtHf;f PH e;j hH kd;dtuha;f ;
fw;w idj;Jk; tho;thH fye;J (rpW.%. 71)
vd;w ghlypd; top mwpaKbfpwJ.

newp jtwh ePH ik:

Mirfis ngz;zhir> nghd;dhir> kz;zhir vd;W %tifg;gLj;jtH.

,it cyf tho;Tf;F mbg;gilahdit. Mdhy; ,tw;iw mwnewpapy; ngWjYk;

msNthL mDgtpj;jYk; Ntz;Lk; mwj;jpw;F khwhd epiyapy; ,tw;iwj; NjLjy;

$lhJ.

jdf;F chpikapy;yhj ngz;jd;idj; Njb te;jhy; jhd; me;epiyapy;

kaq;fhky; ,Uj;jYk; jdf;F chpikapy;yhj nghUs; jd; topapy; njd;gl;L jd;

iff;Ff; fpilf;fg;ngw;why; mjid mDgtpf;fhky; ,Ug;gJk; epiyahik newpfis

czHe;J kz;zhir nfhs;sky; ,Ug;gJk; newp jtwhj ePHikfshFk; ,jid>

ngz;t pioe;J gpd;n rypDk; jd;n rytpy; Fd;w hik


fz;t pioe;J ifAwpDk; fhjy; nghUl;L ,d;i k
kz;t pioe;J tho;e hs; kjpahik ,k;% d;W k;
E}z; tpioe;j E}ytH Nehf;F (jphp: 29)
vdj; jphpfLfk; vLj;jpak;GfpwJ.

fy;t p:

kdpjdpd; tho;itAk; mwpitAk; Nkk;gLj;jf; fy;tp ,d;wpaikahjjhfpwJ.

fy;tpapd; ,d;wpaikahikia czHj;j ts;StH xUtd; ,g;gpwg;gpy; fw;w

fy;tpahdJ VNoO jiyKiwf;Fk; Gfo;jUk; vd;fpwhH NkYk; fy;yhjthpd;

,opepiyia>

fz;Z ilaH vd;N ghH fw;N whH Kfj;j puz;L


Gz;Z ilaH fy;y hjtH (Fws;: 393)
vd;w Fwspd; %yKk; mwpaKbfpwJ.

mwptpw; rpwe;jtHfspd; mwpit MuhAj;jpwd; mtHfisg; Nghy mwptpw;

rpwe;jtHfSf;Nf tpsq;Fk; vd gonkhop ehD}Wk; vLj;jpak;GfpwJ.

88
xOf;f Nk mwk;:

mwk; vd;gJ ePjp> flik> jUkk; vd;gd Nghd;w gy nghUs; Fwpf;Fk;

xUnrhy; mwk; vd;w nrhy;Yf;F vl;L tifahd nghUs; jUfpwJ jkpo; Ngufuhjp.

NkYk; ePjp tof;fk;> flik> Gz;zpak;> <if> mwf;flTs;> rkak; vdg; gy;NtW

nghUs;fSk; $wg;gLfpd;wd. ghpNkyofH „mwk;‟ vd;gjw;F „ey;nyhOf;fk;‟ vd;Nw

nghUs; $WfpwhH.

rKjha czHTfshd kdkhR ,d;ikia „mwk;‟ vd ts;Stk; tUf;fpwJ

kdj;Jf; fz; khrpydhjy; mwk; vd;Wk; mOf;fhW> mth> ntFsp> ,d;dhr;nrhy;

ehd;Fk; ,y;yhikNa „mwk;‟ vd typAWj;JfpwhH ts;StH.

ey;n yhOf;f k;:

xU kdpjd; jd; tho;tpy; Nkd;ikj; jd;ikfis mila Ntz;Lk; vd;why;

ey;nyhOf;fj;ijf; iftplhJ ,Uj;jy; vd;gJ ,d;wpaikahjjhFk;. Mrhuf;Nfhit

vd;Dk; ePjp E}ypy; kdpjd; gpd;gw;w Ntz;ba xOf;fq;fisg; ngUthapd; Ks;spahH

Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shH. nra;e;ed;wpawpjy; Kjyh vz;tif xOf;fq;fisf; $wpAs;shH.

,jid>

ed;w pawpjy; nghiwAilik ,d;n rhy;N yhL


,d;dhj vt;T apHf;F k; nra;a hik fy;t pNahL
Xg;G uT Mw;w mwpjy; mwpTilik
ey;y pdj;j hNuhL el;l y; ,itnal;L k;
nrhy;ypa Mrhu tpj;J (M.Nfhit:1)
vd;w ghly; vLj;jpak;GfpwJ.

tho;f;ifapy; caHe;jit vdf;$Wk; newpKiwfis vf;fhyj;Jk;

vt;tplj;jpYk; ,ilahwhJ Nkw;fnfhz;nlhOFtijNa xOf;fk; vd;gH ,jid>

xOf;f k; tpOg;g k; juyhd; xOf;f k;


caphpDk; xk;g g; gLk; (Fws;: 131)
vd;W ts;StH Fwpg;gpLfpd;whH.

89
kdpjNeaf; fUj;J fs;:

mw,yf;fpa E}y;fspy; kdpjNeaf; fUj;Jfs; epuk;gpf; fplf;fpd;wd. ,ij

ghly;fspd; top vLj;jpak;Gfpd;wd.

gyUk; tpUk;Gk; tpjk; kdpjNeaj;Jld; tho;gtHfs; eLT+hpy; fha;j;j

ngz;gid kuj;jpw;F xg;ghtH. gpwHf;Ff; nfhLj;J cz;zhjtHfs; RLfhl;bypUf;Fk;

Mz;gid kuj;jpw;F xg;ghtH vd;gij>

eLT+Us; Ntjpif Rw;W f; Nfhs;G f;f


gLgid ad;dH gyH er;r tho;t hH
Fb nfhOj;j f; nfhLj;J z;z h khf;f s;
,LfhLs; Vw;i wg; gid (ehyb:96)

vd;w ghly; czHj;jfpwJ. NkYk; vt;TapiuAk; nfhy;yhky; fha;fwp czTfis

cz;gtNd ,dpikahdtd;. KfkyHr;rp ,y;yhky; tho;gtd; cyfj;jhuy;

xOf;fg;gLthd; vd;Wk; ahUf;Fk; cjtp nra;ahjtd; Jizapy;yhjtd; vd;Wk;>

ehd;kzpf;fbiff;$WfpwJ. ,jid>

,dpJcz;g hd; vd;g hd; capHnfhy;y hJ cz;g hd;


Kdpjf;f hd; vd;g hd; Kfd;x ope;J tho;t hd;
jdpad; vdg;g Lthd; nra;j ed;W ,y;y hd; (ehd;k zp:58:1-3)
vd tiuaWf;fpd;wJ.

jd;id kjpj;J te;jtiu ,fohky; Vw;Wf; nfhs;tJk; nry;tk; kpFe;j

fhyj;jpy; ez;gH KjypatHfis kwthky; Nghw;wtJk; gpwhpd; ey;tho;itf; fz;L

kfpo;tJk; ey;y kdpjNeak; tsu Jizg; Ghpfpd;wd vd;gij>

jd;dr;r p nrd;w iu vd;dh xUtDk;


kd;dpa nry;t j;J g; nghr;r hg;G ePj ;j hDk;
vd;W k; mof;f hW ,fo;e ;j hDk; ,k;% tH
epd;w GfOil ahH (jphp: 30)
vd;w jphpfLfg; ghly; vLj;jpak;GfpwJ.

90
ts;S tk; fhl;L k; kdpjNeak; Nkyhz;i k:

kdpjDf;F Ntz;baJ Jd;gkw;w tho;f;if mjw;Ff; „fw;wgpd; epw;f‟ mjw;Fj;

jf vd;w ts;Sthpd; ts;Sthpd; thf;Fg;gb fw;Wij> czHe;jij tho;f;ifapy;

filgpbj;J ey;ypzf;fj;Jld; thOk; kdpj Neag; gz;igg; ngw Ntz;Lk;.

vt;TapHf;Fk; nre;jz;ik G+z;nlhOFgtHfs; mwNthuhfpa me;jzH vd;gij>

me;j zH vd;N ghH mwNthH kw;n wt;T apHf;F k;


nre;j z;ik G+z;n lhO fyhd; (Fws;: 30)
vd;w Fws; top ts;StH $WfpwhH.

xUtH nra;Ak; nraiyg; nghWj;J ed;ikAk; jPikiaAk; tpisAk; vd;gij

kdpjNeak; nfhz;NlhH Ghpe;J nfhs;thH vd Mrhuf;Nfhit tpsf;Ffpd;wJ. gy

E}y;fis fw;WzHe;jhH gyH xd;W $b ,Uf;Fk; nghOJ gpwiu gope;Jiuf;f

khl;lhH gyH eLtpy; cwq;f khl;lhH xd;iw nra;tjhff; $wp nra;ahky;

,Uf;fkhl;lhH Viofis ,fo;e;JiuahH vd;gij>

gopahH ,opahH gyUs; cwq;f hH


,irahj NeHe;J futhH ,irT ,d;w p
,y;y hiu vs;s p ,fo;e ;J ciuahH js;s pAk;
jhq;f mUq; Nfs;tp atH (M. Nfhit: 50)
vd;w ghly; czHj;jfpwJ.

gonkhop ehD}W fhl;L k; kdpjNea Nkyhz;i k:

$b tho;jy; xU jiy $b tho;jYf;F xU kdpjNeak; Njitg;gLfpwJ.

mq;F Jd;g epiy jtpHf;fg;gLfpwJ jdf;F te;j Jd;gk; gpwHf;Fk; chpadthf;

fUjg;gLfpwJ. Mjyhy; jhd; nra;Ak; nraypdhy; xU gaDk; ,y;yhky; tPzha;g;

gifiaf; nfhz;L gpwH JaHcWk; NghJ Muha;e;J nra;ahJ jtpHj;jy; Ntz;Lk;

vd;gij>

tpidg;g ak; xd;W ,d;w p Ntw;W ik nfhz;L


epidj;J g; gpwHgdpg;g nra;a hik Ntz;L k;
Gdg;n ghd; mtpHRdq;f pd; G+q;n fhk;g H md;dha;!
jkf;f pd;dhH ,d;dh gpwHf;F (go.eh. 266)
vd;w ghly;top mwpa KbfpwJ.
91
mNjNghy; xUtd; ngha; nrhy;yhikAk; gpwHnghUisf; fsT nra;ahikAk;>

vspatiuj; jpl;lhikAk; cs;sj; jsuhikAk; gpwpNjhUld; gpd; jiria tpUk;gp

cz;zhikAk; ,Ug;gJ cz;ikahd kdpjNeak; vd;gjid>

ngha;a hik nghd;n gwpDk; fs;s hik nky;y pahH


itahik thH FoyhH er;r pDk; ieahik
xHj;J lk;G NgUk; vd;W Cd;M tha; cz;z hNdy;
NgHj;J clk;G Nfhly; mhpJ (rpWgQ;. %:17)
vd;w ghly;top czHj;jg;gLfpwJ.

,d;dpiy fhl;L k; kdpj Neak;:

ey;y xOf;fKilatHfis NgZjy; jQ;rk; vdj; jd;dplk; te;jtHfspd;

Jd;gj;ij ePf;Fjy;> gapHfisg; ghJfhj;jy;> tUe;JgtHfspd; Jd;gj;ijg; Nghf;Fjy;

Nghd;w kdpjNeag; gz;Gfis filgpbf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gij>

Iq;F utH Xk;g y; ,d;dy; ePf ;f y; NrHe;N jhHf;F k;


igq;$ o; fisfisg; ghHj;j spe;j idAsj;j Hf;
Fw;w ghp tPH j;j y; vz;z hd;F mwnewpapy;
cw;w Ghpjy; fld;1 0

vd;w ,d;dpiyg; ghly; tpsf;fk; jUfpwJ.

murpay; Nkyhz;i k:

ts;StH fhyj;jpy; ,Ue;j Ml;rp Kbahl;rpahff; fUjg;gLfpwJ. „ngU epy

KOjhSk; ngUkfd; jiyitj;j xU jdpf; Fbfs;‟ (rpyk;G: 31-32) vd;W

rpyg;gjpfhuj;jpy; $wg;gLtJNghy murd; vd;gtd; Fbfspy; xUtdhfTk;

FbfSf;Fj; jiytdhfTk; fUjg;gLfpwhd;. „kd;dd; capHj;Nj kyHjiyAyfk;‟ vd

kd;didg; Nghw;wpa epiyf;Nfw;g ts;StUk; murdpd; flikfisAk; mtDf;F

,Uf;f Ntz;ba Nkyhz;ikg; gz;GfisAk; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shH.

mf;fhyj;jpy; murpay; gzpapy; <LgLNthH midtUk; murdpd;fPo;

gzpahw;WgtHfNs Fbg; gpwg;gpy; caHe;NjhNuNa mikr;ruhfj; NjHe;njLe;jdH

vd;gij>

92
,isaH ,idKiwaH vd;w pfpohH epd;w
xspNah nlhOfg; gLk; (Fws;: 698)
vd;w Fwspd; %yk; mwpe;Jnfhs;s KbfpwJ mikr;rHfNs J}jHfshfTk;

gzpahw;wpAs;sdH vd;gJk; Fwpg;gplj;jf;fjhFk; murpay; gzpapy; ,d;d ,d;d

gphpTfs; ,Ue;jJ vd;gijAk; murpaypy; gytpj gzpfs; ,Ue;jJ vd;gijAk;

murpaypy; gytpj gzpfs; ,Ue;jJ vd;w Nkyhz;ikr; rpe;jidfis>

nra;t hid ehb tpidehbf; fhyj;N jh


nla;j czHe;J nray; (Fws;: 516)

tpidf;F hpik ehba gpd;i w mtid


mjw;F hpa dhfr; nray; (Fws;: 518)
,f;Fws;fs; czHj;Jfpd;wd.

gilj;n jhopy;:

gilkhl;rp gilr;nrUf;F vd;Dk; mjpfhuq;fs; gilj; njhopyhdJ

mf;fhyj;jpy; Nt&d;wp ,Ue;jikiag; Gyg;gLj;JfpwJ. mf;fhyj;jpy; NghH

epfOq;fhy; gpw gy njhopy;fspy; <Lgl;bUf;Fk; kf;fSk; gilf;fyq;fs; jhq;fpg;

NghH Kidf;Fr; nry;Yk; ,ay;ghdJ mw E}y;fs; fhyj;jpYk; fhzg;gl;Ls;sd

vd;gij>

tpidte;J ntd;w Pf Nte;j d; kidfye;J


khiy maHfk; tpUe;J (Fws;: 1268)

vd;w FwshdJ jiytdhdtd; Nghhpy;yhj fhyj;J jd; ,y;yj;jpy; ,Ue;Jk; gpd;

NghHfyq;fspy; NghHf;Fr; nrd;Wk; tho;e;J te;jhd; vd;gij Gyg;gLj;JfpwJ.

thzpgk;:

rq;f fhyj;jpYk; rq;f kUtpa fhyj;jpYk; jkpo;ehl;by; cs;ehl;L thzpgKk;

ntspehl;L thzpgKk; rpwg;Gw;wpUe;jikia mwpaKbfpwJ. fyj;jpDk; fhypDk;

jUtdH <l;lf; fyj;jpw;Fd;whf; nfhOq;Fb nry;tH (rpyk;G: 2(7-8) fly;

thzpgj;jpdhYk; jiu thzpgj;jpdhYk; nghUs; <l;bj; jUtH vd;W rpyg;gjpfhug;

ghly; vLj;jpak;GfpwJ.

93
thzpfQ; nra;N thHf;F thzpfk; Ngzpg;
gpwTk; jk;N ghy nrapd; (Fws;: 120)

vd;w FwshdJ thzpfQ; nra;NthH jk;nghUisg; NghyNt gpwH nghUisAk;


vz;zp mijAk; ghJfhf;Fk; Kiwapy; thzpfQ; nra;thuhapd; mJ rpwe;j
thzpfkhff; fUjg;gLfpwJ.

eLTepd;w ed;n dQ;rpNdhH


tLtQ;r p tha;n khope;J
jkTk; gpwTk; xg;g ehbf;
nfhs;t J}ck; kpifnfhshJ
nfhLg;g J}cq; FiwnfhlhJ
gy;g z;l k; gfHe;J tPR k;
njhy;n fhz;b j; Jtd;w pUf;i f 1 1

vd;w gl;bdg;ghiyabfSk; tzpfhpd; eLTepiyik vLj;Jf; $Wfpd;wdJ.

mf;fhyj;jpy; epWf;Fk; Jyhf;Nfhy;fSk; ,Ue;jd. mit thzpgj;jpy;

gad;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sd vdTk; Fwpg;gpLfpd;wd. njhb> f/R vd;Dk; msTfs;

mf;fhyj;jpy; tof;fpy; ,Ue;jikAk; ,it thzpgj;jpy; <LgLj;jgl;bUe;j

nra;jpiaAk;>

Ez;z pa nkd;g hH msf;F q;N fhy; fhZq;f hy;


fz;z y;y wpy;i y gpw (Fws;: 710)

Nfl;b Dk; cz;N lhH cWjp fpisQiu


ePl ;b msg;g NjhH Nfhy; (Fws;; 796)
vd;Dk; Fws;fs; ePl;lysitf; Fwpf;Fk; Nfhy;fshfTk; kw;Wk; thzpg topapy; Jzp

Kjypatw;iw msf;Fk; fUtpahfTk; gad;gl;bUg;g ij mwpaKbfpwJ.

rhd;N whH:

gjpndz;fPo;f;fzf;F mwE}y;fs; kdpjHfspd; tho;f;iff; Fwpj;j

tiuaiwfis czHj;Jk; tho;tpay; E}y;fs; vd;W $wyhk;. ,t;tho;tpay;

E}y;fspd; fUj;Jfs; midj;Jk; kdpjHfs; vy;NyhUk; caHe;j gz;GfNshL tho

Ntz;Lk; vd;gij typAWj;Jk; tifapy; mike;Js;sd. mt;tifahd kdpj

MSikg; gz;Gfspy; xd;whfr; rhd;whz;ik tpsq;FfpwJ. ,r;rhd;whikg; gz;gpidg;

gpd;gw;wp thOk; gz;ghsHfisNa rhd;NwhHfs; vd;W $Wfpd;Nwhk;.

94
ek; jkpo;ehL rhd;NwhHfis kpFjpahf; nfhz;lJ. ,tHfNs ek; jkpo;ehl;by;

rpwe;j nry;tq;fs; vDk; mstpw;F Kjd;ik ngw;wpUf;fpd;wdH. ,r;rhd;NwhHfspd;

rpwg;igf; $Wkplj;J> NruehL Ntok; cilj;J@ ghz;baehL Kj;Jilj;J@ NrhoehL

NrhWilj;J@ njhz;ilehL rhd;NwhUilj;J vd;gJ xsit %jhl;bapd; thf;F>

,f;fUj;jpypUe;J epy tskhfpa ney;Yk;> kiytskhfpa ahidAk;> fly; tskhfpa

Kj;Jk; Nghy kf;fspd; mhpa tskhf tpsq;FgtH rhd;NwhH vd;gJ ed;F

njspthfpd;wJ.

rhd;w hz;i k tpsf;f k;

rhd;whz;ik vd;w nrhy; rhd;W> MSik vd;w ,uz;L nrhw;fspd; $l;lkhFk;.

Mz;ik vd;gJ Mz; jd;ik vd;Wk;> ngz;ik vd;gJ ngz; jd;ik vd;Wk; $WtH.

Mz;ikia tPuj;jpw;Fk;> ngz;ikia md;gpw;Fk; xg;Gf; $WtJ cyf eilKiw.

Mdhy; Mz;ik vd;gJ tPuj;jpw;Fk;> typikf;Fk; kl;Lk; chpajd;W m/J

md;Gf;Fk; rfpg;Gj; jd;ikf;Fq;$l Ntz;lg;gLk; xd;W mg;NghJjhd; me;j Mz;ik

rhd;whz;ikahf khWfpwJ vd;W mwpQH $WtH.

Mz;ik vd;w nrhy;Yf;F MSe;jd;ik vd;gJ nghUs; thshz;ik this

Ms;tJ> jhshz;ik jhis Ms;tJ> Ntshz;ik Ntis kz;iz Ms;tJ>

rhd;whz;ik jd;id Ms;tJ MFk;. xOf;fj;ij caphpDk; nghpjhff; fUJtJ

ew;Fzq;fspy; xd;W> ew;Fzq;fs; gytw;iwg; gilj;NjhH ey;NyhH mf;Fzq;fis

Ms;gtH Mz;ikAilNahH. mf;Fzq;fspy; vJTk; jd;id tpl;Lg; gphpe;J Ngha;

tplhky; mlf;fp Mz;L tUgtH rhd;whz;ik cilNahH. rhd;whz;ik cs;stNu

rhd;NwhH vd;gtH caHe;NjhH vd;W $WtH.

rhd;whz;ik vd;gJ kw;wtH gpd;gw;Wk;gb ele;J fhl;ba Mz;ik vd;Wk;>

rhd;NwhH vd;gtH gpwUf;Fr; rhd;whf tho;e;NjhH vd;Wk; nghUs; $wpdhYk;

jtwhfhJ. MapDk;> rhd;w vd;w nrhy; „rpwe;j‟ vd;w nghUs;fspNyNa ifahsg;

ngw;wpUf;fpwJ. ,t;Tz;ikia jif rhd;w nrhy;> ciu rhd;w E}y;> tha; rhd;w

95
nghUs; vd;w nrhw;fshy; ed;fwpayhk; vd;W fp.M.ng. $Wk; tpsf;fj;jpd; Clhf

rhd;NwhUf;Fhpa tpsf;fk; ed;F GydhFk; ngaH.

rhd;NwhH vd;NghH CH tho;Tk;> ehL nropf;fTk;> cyfpy; cs;s kf;fs;

midtUk; tho cWJizahf tpsq;Fk; ew;gz;Gfshy; epuk;gg; ngw;wtHfs; MtH.

,g;gz;G epuk;gpatHfisr; rhd;NwhH> mwpQH mwptH> caHe;NjhH> jpwNthH> nghpNahH>

khrhw;whH vd;W rpwgpj;Jf; $Wfpd;wd.

,r;rhd;whz;ik nfhz;ltH fle;j fhyj;ijAk; ,dptUk; fhyj;ijAk;

epfo;fhyj;Jld; xg;Gikg;gLj;jp> Muha;e;J ey;ytw;iwAk;> ehl;bw;F cfe;jtw;iwAk;

nray;gLj;Jk; gz;ghsHfshtH. ,tH tpz;Zf;Fk; kz;Zf;Fk; ,ilapyha

midj;ijAk; gFj;jwpaf;$ba fy;tpawpT epuk;gpatHfs; nrUf;fpd;wp mlf;fNk

cUtha;f; nfhz;L tpsq;FgtH.

nrd;w fhyKk; t&ck; mkaKk;


,d;w ptd; Njhd;w pa xOf;f nkhL ed;F zHe;J
thdKk; epyDk; jhk;K J czUk;
rhd;w nfhs;ifr; rhah ahf;i f
Md;W mlq;F mwpQH nrwpe;jdH Nehd;k hH (kJiu.fhQ;.: 477)
vd;W kJiuf;fhQ;rp nkhopfpd;wJ. ,j;jifa rhy;Gfs; ahTk; mike;jtH rhd;NwhH

MtH. rhy;G vd;gJ ew;gz;igf; Fwf;fpd;wJ.

,r;rhy;igf; $Wk; ts;StH>

nfhy;y h eyj;j J Nehd;i k gpwHjPi k


nrhy;y h eyj;J rhy;G (Fws;: 984)
vd;ghH. rhd;Nwhhpd; ,ay;G gpwUila Fw;wq;fisf; $WtJ kl;Lky;y. khwhfg;

gpwhplk; fhzg;ngWk; Fzq;fisAk; epiwfisAk; $WtNjahFk;. ,r;rhy;G epiwe;j

gz;G mtHfSila epiw Fzj;ijr; Rl;LtjhFk;.

rhy;G vDk; nrhy;ypd; mbr;nrhy; „rhy;‟ vd;gjhFk;. ,r;nrhy;Yf;F NeHik

vd;W nghUs; $WtH> MfNt NeHikiaAk; ,ad;w gz;GfisAk; MSe;jd;ik

rhd;whz;ik vdg; ngaH ngWk;. kdpjd; ngwNtz;ba ew;gz;Gfs; midj;ijAk;

Fwpf;Fk; xNunrhy; khz;G vd;gjhFk;. kdpjd; jd; FLk;g tho;f;iff;Fk;


96
rKjhaj;jpw;Fk; Mw;w Ntz;ba flikfs; midj;ijAk; Fwpf;Fk; nrhy; mwk; vd;W

$WtH. mwKk; khz;Gk; xd;W NrhHe;j jd;ikNa rhy;G vdg; ngw;wdH.

,r;rhd;Nwhiu>

“ifAW rpwg;g pd; caHe;N jhH”1 3

vd;W njhy;fhg;gpak; ngUikg;gLj;Jfpd;wJ. ,f;Fzeyd; epuk;gpatHfSf;F ts;StH

rhd;whz;ik vd;w xU jdp mjpfhuk; mikj;Js;sJ ,td; Rl;lj;jf;fjhFk;.

rhd;whz;ik epuk;gpNahhpd; rpwg;igf; Fwpg;gpLk; ts;StH>

md;G ehz; xg;G uT fz;N zhl;l k; tha;i kNahL


Ie;J rhy; G+d;w pa J}z; (Fws;: 983)
vd;W $wpAs;shH. jd;idr; rhHe;jtHfsplk; nfhz;Ls;s md;Gk;> gopghtq;fSf;F

ehZfpd;w ehZk;> vy;NyhUf;Fk; cjtp nra;fpd;w xg;GuTk;> gifthplj;jpYk;

nrYj;Jk; fz;Nzhl;lKk;> cz;ikiaf; nfhz;likAk; caHthd tha;ikAk;

Mjpa Ie;J gz;GfSk; rhd;whz;ikf;F chpa MSik Nkk;ghl;Lg; gz;Gfs; vd;W

ts;StH Fwpg;gpLfpd;whH.

rhd;whz;ik vr;#oypYk; ew;gz;GfspypUe;J Fd;whjjhr; nray;gLk; rpwe;j

,ay;ghFk;. ,ij Fwpg;gpLk; jphpfLfk; MrphpaH ey;yhjdhH “Njhy;tw;wpr; rhapDQ;

rhd;whz;ik Fd;whNj” vd;W Fwpg;gpLtH. ,J Fwpj;Jf; $Wk; xsitahH ey;y

kfdha; gpwe;Jk; Rk;kh jphpahNj rhd;Nwhd; vdj;jphp vd;ghH.

gprpuhe;ijahH jdf;F eiuKb Njhd;whjjw;Fhpa fhuzq;fisf; Fwpg;gpLk;

NghJ> jhd; thOk; Chpy; vy;yh tifahd caHe;j ew;Fzq;fSk; epuk;gpa

rhd;NwhHfs; tho;fpd;wdH. Mjyhy; vd; jiyKbapy; eiu Njhd;wtpy;iy vd;ghH>

,jid>

Md;w tpe; jlq;f pa nfhs;i fr; rhd;N whH 1 4

vd;w ghly; nka;g;gpf;fpd;wJ.

rhd;NwhUf;Fhpa MSik $Wfis gpd;tUkhW ghFg;gLj;jyhk;.

97
rhd;N whUf;F hpa Nkyhz;i kf; $Wfs;:

rhd;NwhUf;Fhpa MSikf; $Wfs; ve;epiyapYk; epiyfyq;fhjitahf

tpsq;fpf; Njhd;WtdthFk;. ,t;thSikf; $Wfs; tho;ehs; ,Wjp tiu jdpkdpj

tho;f;ifapYk;> FLk;g tho;tpYk;> rKjha tho;tpYk; gpd;gw;wp xOFk;

ey;nyhOf;fq;fs; MFk;. ,jid>

 jd; epiyapy; jhohik

 el;ig caphpDk; Nkyhff; fUJjy;

 tha;ikapy; cWjpAilik

 Fbg;ngUik fhj;jy;

 tWikapy; nrk;ikAilik

 giftH khl;Lk; fUiz cs;sk;

Mfpa $Wfspy; fhzyhk;.

jd; epiyapy; jhohik:

rhd;NwhH vdg;gLNthH kw;wtHfSf;F vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf thOk; jd;ikapy;

ve;epiyapYk; jk; GfOf;Fk; ngUikf;Fk; ,Of;F cz;lhfhjtW ele;J nfhs;Sk;

nre;jd;ik G+z;L tho;gtH.

MSikg; gz;G fspy; tpyfhj epiy

rhd;whz;ikf; nfhz;L thOk; rhd;NwhH> jhk; thOk; cyfpy; ,aw;if

NguopTfs; te;Jw;whYk;> jk; MSikg; gz;Gfspy; vd;Wk; khWghL mw;wtuhf

tho;thH. ,r;rhd;Nwhhpd; cWjpia tpsf;Fkplj;J>

Cop ngahpDk; jhk; ngauhH rhd;w hz;i kf;


fhop nadg;g LthH (Fws;: 989)
vd;W jpUf;Fws; Rl;bf; fhl;LfpwJ.

98
kd cWjp:

kdpj tho;f;if ,d;gKk; Jd;gKk; ,uz;lw xUq;F fye;jdthFk;. Mifahy;

ew;gz;G nfhz;l rhd;NwhH kd cWjp cs;stHfshf tho;tH. ,tHfs; jdf;Ff;

Jd;gk; cz;lhdhYk;> ,d;gj;jpw;Fhpa epfo;Tfs; te;jile;jhYk; ,uz;ilAk;

xd;whfNt Vw;Wf; nfhs;tH. eLepiyik nfhz;l kdcWjpapy; ,Ue;J vd;Wk;

tpyfkhl;lhH. ,f;fUj;ij tpsf;Fkplj;Jf;

NfLk; ngUf;f Kk; ,y;y y;y neQ;r j;J f;


Nfhlhik rhd;N whHf; fzp (Fws;: 115)
vd;W jkpo;kiw tpsf;fpAiuf;fpwJ.

eLepiyik:

rhd;NwhH> jd; tho;tpy; njhlf;f fhyk; Kjy; tho;ehspd; ,Wjp ehs; tiu>

jd;Dila jFjpf;Fg; nghUe;jhjr; nray;fspy; <Lglkhl;lhH. ,t;thSikg; gz;G

Jyhf;Nfhy; nghUs; ,y;yhjg; NghJ rkkhf ,Uf;Fk; mNj Nghy; nghUisr;

rPHj;J}f;fk; epiyapYk; rkkhf ,Uf;Fk; epiyik Nghd;wjhFk; ,q;Fr

; rkd;n ra;J rPH J}f;F q; Nfhy;N ghy; mike;n jhUghw;

Nfhlhik rhd;N whHf; fzp (Fws;: 118)


vd;Dk; jpUf;Fws; mikfpd;wJ.

jPi k nra;g tUf;F k; ed;i k nra;A k; ,ay;G :

rhd;NwhH jd; epiyapy; ,Ue;J jho;e;J Nghfhjj; jd;ikaH. ,t;tpay;


mtHjk; tho;f;ifapd; xt;nthU nraiyAk; cWjpgLj;Jk;. jhk; nra;j ed;wpia
epidahky; jk; nray;fSf;Fj; jPq;F nra;Ak; fPo;kf;fSf;Fk; rhd;NwhH jPq;F nra;a
khl;lhHfs;. mjw;Fkhwhf Nkd;NkYk; ew;nray;fisr; nra;gtHfs; fPo;kf;fspd;
Fw;wj;ij kdjpy; ,Uj;jpf; nfhz;L Nfhgk; mila khl;lhHfs;. ,r;rpwe;j
jFjpapypUe;J NtWglhj rhd;Nwhhpd; caHe;j jd;ikiaf; $Wtjhf>
cgfhuk; nra;j jd; XuhNj jq;f z;
mgfhuk; Mw;w r; nrapDk; - cgfhuk;
jhk; nra;t jy;y hy; jtw;w pdhy; jPq ;$ f;f y;
thd;N jha; Fbg;g pwe;j hHf; fpy; (ehyb: 69)
vd;Dk; ehybahH ghly; Rl;bf; fhl;Lfpd;wJ.

99
rhd;N whhpd; ,ay;G Fd;w hj epiy:
rhd;NwhH Fd;whj ,ay;G> vd;Wk; epiyj;J epw;Fk; jd;ikaJ MFk;. mJ

fUk;gpidg; gy;yhy; ed;F fbj;jhYk;> mjd; fZf;fis cile;J NghFk; tiu

Miyapy; rpijj;jhYk; mf;fUk;G rhwpd; Rit FiwahJ. mr;Ritiag; Nghd;wJ

rhd;Nwhhpd; Fd;whj epiyahFk;. ,f;fUj;ij>

tLg;g l itJ,we;j f; fz;Z k; Fbg;g pwe;j hH>


$whHjk; thapd; rpije;J (ehyb.156:3-4)
vd;W KbAk; ehybahH tpsf;Ffpd;wJ.

jFjp Kuz;g lhik:

rhd;whz;ik nfhz;nlhOFk; MSikahsHfs; jPatHfNshL NrHe;jpUf;f

Ntz;ba #oy; te;jhYk;> jd; jFjpf;F Kuzhd nray;fspy; mtHfspd; kdk;

nry;yhJ> ,r;nray; Ntk;gpd; ,iyfspilNa thioj; jhHfis Cjpg; gOf;f

itj;jhYk;> frf;fhJ jd;ikaHfshf tpsq;FthHfs; ,f;fUj;ij nka;g;gpf;Fkplj;J>

,de;j P njdpDk; ,ay;G ilahH Nfz;i k


kdj;j Pj hk; gf;f k; mhpJ (ehyb: 244:3-4)
vd;w ghly; mikfpd;wJ. rhd;NwhH jd;dplk; el;G nfz;ltHfsplkpUe;J kdk;

khWglhj ,ay;gpdH vd;Dk; fUj;Jf; $l;bf; fhl;Lfpd;wJ.

,iwQ;r p epw;w y; ,y;i y:

rhd;whz;ik nfhz;L xOFk; MSik Nkk;ghl;lhsHfs; jhk; ngw;Ws;s

nry;tNk mopAk; epiy Vw;ghl;lhYk;> Copd; fhuzkhf jhd; tWik milAk;

#oypd; NghJk; kdk; jsukhl;lhH> NkYk; Cf;fk; nfhz;l cs;sKilatuhf

caHe;j nray;fisNa cWjpahfg; gpbf;Fk; njspe;j mwptpy;yhj fPNohHg; gpd;Nd

nrd;W jd; jFjp jho;e;J ,wf;Fk; njhopypy; <Lglkhl;lhHfs;.

jpUj;j d;i d ePg ;g pDk; nja;t k; nrwpDk;


cUj;j kdj;N jhL caHTs;s p d;y ;y hy;
mUj;j k; nrwpf;F k; mwptyhH gpd;n rd; W
vUj;J ,iwQ;rp epy;yhjhk; Nky; (ehyb: 304:1-4)

100
vd;w ,g;ghly; rhd;Nwhhpd; jd; khdj;jFjpf; nfhz;l rpwg;igf; $Wtjhf

mikfpwJ.

gpwHf;F ,dpatw;i w nra;A k; epiy:

nfhy;yH jhk; fz;l nghUs;fs; Nghd;wtw;iwNa nra;tH. rhd;NwhH jk;ik

rhHe;J thOk; kf;fs; tpUk;Gk; tz;zk; thOk; jifikr; rhd;wtHfs; Ik;Gyd;fis

mlf;fp Ms;gtH gad; cz;L vdf; Nfl;lijNa jhk; nra;tH. ey;y ,ay;Gfisf;

nfhz;l rhd;NwhH kw;wtH tpUk;gpa ,dpatw;iwNa nra;gtHfs; ,t;tpay;ig

tpsf;Fkplj;Jf;

fz;l Nj nra;g thq; fk;k paH cz;n ldf;


Nfl;l Nj nra;g Gydhs;t hH- Ntl;l
,dpaNt nra;g mike;j hH@ KdpahjhH (ehd;k zp: 41:1-3)
vd;w ehd;kzpf;fbifg; ghly; Rl;Lfpd;wJ.

J}a;i k Fiwahepiy:

J}atHfspd; nray;fisf; $Wkplj;J> ,tHfs; ePuhb tpl;L cz;ZjYk;

rhl;rp $Wk; NghJ vt;tsT ngUk; gaid miltjha; ,Ue;jhYk; xU gf;fkhfr;

rhHe;J ngha;rhl;rp $whky; tpLjYk; czT ,y;yhjjhy; Njhy;tptw;wp cly; thb

moptjhf ,Ue;jhY; xUtd; jd; ngUe;jd;ikapypUe;J Fd;whik ew;gz;G

nfhz;Nlhhpd; nray;fisg; gpd;gw;WtJ ey;yJ. mt;thW gpd;gw;Wtijf; $Wtjhf>

cz;n ghOJ ePu hb cz;l Yk; vd;n gwpDk;


ghy;g w;w pr; nrhy;y h tpLjYk; Njhy;t w;w pr;
rhapDk; rhd;w hz;i k Fd;w hik ,k;% d;W e;
J}cak; vd;g hH njhopy; (jphp. 27:1-4)

vd;w ghly; mike;Js;sJ. ,g;ghly; kdk;> nkhop nka;fshy; Fw;wkw;wr;

rhd;NwhHfspd; tho;f;if fz;L gaDf;Fhpa nray;fspy; <Lglyhy; vd;W

vLj;Jiuf;fpd;wJ.

cWjpahd xOf;f k;:

rhd;Nwhhpd; MSik Nkk;ghl;Lf; $Wfisr; Rl;Lk; jphpfLfk; cWjpahd

MSikg; gz;gpidj; njspTgLj;JfpwJ. mt;thW Fwpg;gpLk;NghJ rhd;NwhHfsplk;


101
xU ngz; jhNd NrutpUk;gp mtHfs; gpd;dhy; nrd;whYk;> me;jg; ngz;iz mila

khl;lhH. gpwd; nghUs; typa te;J jd;dplk; NrHe;jhYk; Mirapy;yhjhy;> mij

chpik ghuhl;l tpioahH. mNjhL epy cyfpy; Ml;rp nra;tjw;fhf mwj;jpw;F

khwhd nray;fspy; jd;id <LgLj;jpf; nfhs;skhl;lhH. nghUe;jhj nray;fSf;Fr;

rhd;NwhH <L nfhLf;fhj cWjpNahL thOk; xOf;fk; nfhz;ltH. ,f;fUj;ij

Rl;Lkplj;J>

ngz;t pioe;J gpd;n rypDe; jd;n rytpw; Fd;w hik


fz;t pioe;J ifAwpDq; fhjy; nghUl;f pd;i k
kz; tpioe;J tho;t hd; kjpahik ,k;% d;W k;
Ez;t pioe;j E}ytH Nehf;F (jphp. 29:1-4)
vd;Dk; ghly; mike;Js;sJ. rhd;NwhH vt;tpjkhd xOf;ff; Nflhd nray;fSf;Fk;

jd;id <LgLj;jpf; nfhs;shj xOf;f Nkk;ghl;lhsH vd;gJ ngwg;gLfpd;wJ.

jdf;F g; nghUe;j hj nray;f spy; <Lglhik:

rhd;Nwhhpd; jdpepiyj; jhohj MSik Nkk;ghl;L ,ay;gpid Mrhuf;Nfhit

$WfpwJ. xUtH tpsf;fpd; xypapd;%yk; ew;nray;fspy; <Lgl;bUf;Fk; NghJ

rhd;NwhH mt;nthspia kiwf;Fk; tpjkhf ,ilapy; nry;ykhl;lhH. mJ Nghd;Nw

jdf;F FspH mjpfkhdjpd; fhuzkhf gpwpnjhUthpd; Milia NghHj;Jf; nfhs;shH.

NkYk; RtHfspd; Nky; vr;rpy; ckpo;jy;> mLj;jtHfs; Nky; jk; Milf; fhw;W

gLkhW nry;Yjy;> gyUk; ,Uf;Fk; NghJ jd; Milia cjWjy; Nghd;w

nghUe;jhjr; nray;fspy; <Lkhl;lhH. ,r;rpwe;j nray;fspy; <Lglhj MSikiaf;

$Wtjhf>

gyhpil ahil AjpuhNu nad;W q;


fldwp fhl;r p atH (M.Nfhit: 36:4-5)
vd;W KbAk; ghlybfs; Rl;Lfpd;wd.
gpwHf;n fd tho;j y;:

ew;Fzq;fs; kpFe;j rhd;NwhH gpwUf;fhf thOk; MSikj; jd;ik nfhz;L

tho;gtHfs; MtH. ,tHjk; Msikiaf; Fwpg;gLtJ.

102
jkf;n fd WiyNaw;w hH jk; nghUl;^ z; nfhs;s hH
mLf;f is nar;r pw; glhmH kidg;g yp
Cl;b dik fz;L z;L Cz; (M.Nfhit: 39:1-3)
vd;w ghly; ,g;ghlypy; rhd;NwhH jdf;nfd czT itf;fhky; gpwUf;F cjt

Ntz;Lk; vd;Nw ciy itg;ghH. ,tHfs; kf;fSf;F ciog;gNj jd; ,yl;rpakhff;

nfhz;L nray;gLthH. mjw;fhfNt jhd; czT cz;ghH. mNjhL jhd; rikf;Fk;

czit vr;rpy; gLj;j khl;lhH. jd; tPl;by; ,iwtopghL nra;J> flTSf;Fg;

gilj;J> mjw;Fg; gpwNf cz;Zg; gz;GilatHfshtH.

gadw;w nrhw;f isg; Ngrh epiy:

rhd;NwhH gpwH Fwpj;J tQ;ridr; nrhw;fisAk;> gpwUf;Fg; gadw;w

nrhy;iyAk;> ehtlf;fk; mw;w nrhw;fisAk;> gpwiug;gopahfg; NgRfpd;w

thHj;ijfisAk;> gpwpnjhUtiuf; Fwpj;Jg; Gwq;$WjiyAk; KOikahf ntWj;J

xJf;Fk; jd;ikaHfs; MtH. ,q;F

gbWk; gadpyTk; gl;b AiuAk;


tirAk; GwDk; ciuahNu nad;W k;
mirahj cs;s j; jtH (M. Nfhit. 52:1-3)
vd;Wk; ghly; tpsf;fpAiuf;fpd;wJ. MfNt rhd;N whH jdf;Fg; nghUe;jkw;w gadw;w

nrhw;fisg; NgRtjpy;iy.

,og;g pYk; cjTk; ghq;F :

rhd;NwhHfs; jq;fspd; tho;it ,oe;J tpl;lhYk; mt;tpog;G gpwUf;F

Mf;fkhfNt ikAk; jd;ikaJ. Mr;nray; tPL mope;J NghdhYk; mjpy; cs;s

kuq;fs; NkYk; NtwhH tPL fl;Ltjw;Fg; gad;gLtijg; Nghd;wjhFk;. rhd;Nwhhpd;

,og;gpYk; kw;wtHfSf;F cjTk; jd;ik tpsf;Fk; ,ay;gpdH MtH.

khlk; ,be;j f;f hy; kw;W k; vLg;g NjhH


$lfhuj;j pw;F j; Jg;g hFk;- m/NjNghy;
gPL ,yhf; fz;Z k; nghpNahH ngUe;j ifaH
<L,y;y jw;F ,y;i y ghL (go.eh.96:1-4)
vd;w gonkhop ehD}W ghly; vLj;Jiuf;fpd;wJ.

103
eyq;F d;w pDk; kdq;F d;w hik:

rhd;NwhHfs; jk; cly;eyk; nfl;L mopAk; mstpw;F grpj;Jd;gk; thl;bdhYk;

gpwUila nghUs;fisg; ngw ahrpf;f khl;lhHfs;. ,r;nray; flNyhL JUk;G

xUNghJk; xd;W Nru Kbahjijg; Nghd;wjhFk;. ,j;jd;epiyj; jhohjijf; Fwpf;Fk;>

klq;f hg; grpg;g pDk; khz;G il ahsH


njhlq;fpg; gpwUilik NkthH (go.eh. 372:1-2)
vd;w gonkhop ghly; tpsf;Ffpd;wJ.

rhd;Nwhhpd; jd;epiy jhohj epiyiar; rpWgQ;r%yk; ghly; xd;W

$Wfpd;wJ. ,g;ghly;>

ehnzspJ ngz;i k eifnaspJ el;l hNdy;


VnzspJ Nrtf Ndw;n ghpahH- NgnzspJ
nfhk;G kiwf;F k; ,ilah aspad;k PJ
mk;G Gwj;j yhpJ (rpW. %..89:1-4)

vd;fpwJ. ,g;ghlypy; xUj;jp ngz; Fzj;ij cilashapd; mtSf;F ehzk;

vspJ. xUtd; kw;nwhUtNdhL el;L nfhz;lhy; mtHfs; kfpo;e;J rphpg;gJ vspJ.

mNjNghy; xUtd; rpwe;j Nrtfdhapd; mtDf;F typik ,ay;ghdJ. Mdhy;

MSikg; gz;gpy; Nkk;gl;l rhd;NwhHf;F kw;wtHfisg; ghJfhj;jy; rpwe;j

FzkhFk;.

el;i g caphpDk; Nkyhff; fUJjy;:

gz;ghl;L tsHr;rpapy; el;Gf;Fr; rpwg;gplk; cz;L. el;G vd;gJ tho;tpd;

gw;Wf;NfhL. el;G ,y;iy vd;why; ehl;by; kf;fspilNa cwT ,y;iy. kdpjd;

kdj;Jf;F md;Gk;> mikjpAk;> MWjYk; jUtJ el;igf; fhl;bYk; NtW

vJTkpy;iy. el;G kdpjg; gz;ghl;Lld; fye;J tpl;l rpwe;j xU tho;tpay;

newpahFk;. kf;fspilNa kdpj Neak; tsHe;J kyHtjw;F topfhl;bahFk;.

jdp kdpjdhf thOk; kdpjidr; rKjhaj;Jld; xd;wpizg;gJ el;G.

,t;tifahd el;igg; Nghw;Wk; NghJ rKjhaj;jpy; xw;WikAk; mikjpAk; epyTk;.

104
cz;ikahd el;G> gaidNa Fwpf;Nfhshff; nfhz;L tho tpUk;ghky;. jd;idr;

rhHe;j my;yJ jhd; rhHe;J thOk; ez;ghpd; ed;ikia tpUk;Gk; jd;ik

nfhz;ljhFk;. vdNt cwTfs; vy;yhtw;wpYk; el;G cz;ikahdJ.

ehSk; tsUk; el;G :

,sikg; gUtj;jtHfs; jk; xj;j gz;GilatHfSld; cs;sk; fye;J el;gha;

,izfpd;wdH.

ehk; thOk; rKjhaj;jpy; gpwUld; $b thOk; NghJ el;G tsHfpd;wJ. el;G

gyUld; cwT nfhs;s cw;wj;Jizahfpd;wJ. jdp kdpjd; rKjhaj;NjhL cwthl

el;lj; Jiz nra;fpd;wJ. kdpjHfspilNa cyfyhtpa kdpj Nea xUikg;ghl;il

ed;F Nkk;gLj;j el;G cWJizahf mikfpd;wJ.

rq;f fhy el;G :

rq;fg; GwehD}w;wpy; Nfhg;ngUQ;Nrhod;- gprpuhe;ijahH el;G xUtiu xUtH

fhzhJ cs;sjhy; xd;wpa el;ghFk;. gprpuhe;ijahiu cd; murd; ahnudf;

Nfl;gPHfshdhy; Nfhg;ngUQ;NrhoNd vd;W mtH $Wtjhf GwehD}W

Gyg;gLj;Jfpd;wJ.

jd;n gaH fpsf;F q; fhiy nad;n gaH


Ngijr; Nrho ndd;D Q; rpwe;j
fhjw; fpoikA Kilad;1 5
vd;Wk;>

,fo;t pyd; ,dpad; ahj;j ez;g pdd;


Gfo;n fl t&ck; ngha;N tz; lyNd 1 6
vd;Wk; mike;j thpfs; gprpuhe;ijahUf;Fk; Nfhg;ngUQ;NrhoDf;Fk; ,ilNa epytpa

el;gpd; caHitg; Gyg;gLj;Jfpd;wJ.

Nfhg;ngUQ;Nrhoidr; #o;e;jpuf;Fk; rhd;NwhH gprpuhe;ijahH tUthNuh vd

IAw;wNghJ jd; ez;ghpd; el;gpd; ,ay;gpid czHe;jtdhd Nrhod; $Wk; NghJ>

nry;t f; fhiy epw;g pDk;


my;y w; fhiy epy;y yd; kd;N d 1 7
vd;W ciuf;fpd;whd;.
105
Nrhodpd; vjpHg;ig cWjpg;gLj;Jk; tz;zk; gprpuhe;ijahH tUfpd;whH. ,ij
mwpe;j nghj;jpahH vDk; GytH ,Uthpd; el;gpd; Nkd;ikiaf; $Wkplj;J>
,irku ghf el;G f; fe;j hf
,idaNjhH fhiy apq;F tUjy;
tUt ndd;w NfhdJ ngUikAk;
mJgK jpd;w p te;j t dwpTk;
tpaj;n jhWk; tpag; gpwe;j d;N w 1 8
vd;W Nghw;Wfpd;wd.

xsitahH mjpakhd; ehl;ilAk; Gwg;ghly; vLj;Jiuf;fpd;wJ. mjpakhd;

jdf;F mhpjpd; fpilj;j ney;ypfdpia xsit %jhl;bf;Ff; nfhLj;jJ el;gpd;

nraNy MFk;. mNjhL fgpyH ghhpapd; el;igAk; rq;f ,yf;fpaj;jpy; mwpe;J

nfhs;syhk;. ghhp %Nte;jHfspd; #o;r;rpahy; ,we;J tpLfpd;w #oy; Vw;gLfpd;wJ.

mr;#oypy; el;gpd; fhuzkhf fgpyH ghhpapd; ,Ukfs;fisAk; cld; mioj;Jr;

nrd;W mtHfs; ,UtUf;Fk; jpUkzk; nra;J itf;fpd;whH. ,r;nray; el;ghf Vw;Wf;

nfhz;ltHf;F ,d;dy; te;Jw;wNghJ cjTk; jd;ikia czHJfpd;wJ.

rq;f mf ,yf;fpaq;fspYk; jiytd; jiytp xUtHkPJ xUtH nfhs;Sk;

md;gpid> fhjiy el;G vd;w nrhy;yNy Fwpg;gpLfpd;wdH. ,q;F>

epyj;j pDk; nghpNj caHe;j d;W


ePh pDk; Muytpd;N w rhuy;
fUq;N fw;w FwpQ;r pg; G+f;n fhz;L
ngUe;N jd; ,iof;F k; ehlndhL el;N g 1 9
vd;W FWe;njhifg; ghly; jiytp FwpQ;rp kiyehl;bd; jiytNdhL jhd;

nfhz;bUf;Fk; el;G epyj;ijtpl nghpaJ. thidtpl caHe;jJ> flypd; Moj;ijtpl

mjpfkhd jd;ikiaf; nfhz;lJ vd;W $Wfpd;whs;.

,Nj Nghd;W jiytd; jiytpapd; fhjiyr; rpj;jhpf;Fk; mfehD}w;Wg; ghly;>

ahf;i ff;F
caphpiae; jd;d el;g pd; mt;T apH
tho;j y; md;d fhjy;
rhjy; md;d gphpTmhp NahNs; 2 0
vd;W el;igf; fhjyhff; $WfpwJ.

106
rhd;Nwhhpd; MSik Nkk;ghl;Lf; $Wfspy; el;ig caphpDk; Nkd;ikahff;

fUJjy; rpwg;gplk; tfpf;fpd;wJ. el;gpd; ,yf;fzj;ijf; $Wk; jpUf;Fws;>

cLf;i f ,oe;j td; ifNghy Mq;N f


,Lf;f z; fistjhk; el;G
(Fws;: 788)
vd;W Rl;bf; fhl;Lfpd;wJ. el;gpd; rpwg;ig mwpe;j ts;StH> el;G> el;ghuha;jy;>

goik> eP el;G> $lhel;G Mfpa Ie;J mjpfhuq;fspy; Fwpg;gpLfpd;whH. el;G

cs;sq;fis ,izf;Fk; ghyk; vd;W $wyhk;. ,f; fUj;ijf; $Wk; ts;StH>

GzHr;r p goFjy; Ntz;l h czHr;r pjhf;


el;g hq; fpoik jUk; (Fws;: 785)
vd;W czHr;rp xj;jNy el;G vd;W $Wfpd;whH. ,t;TzHr;rp xj;jj; jd;ik rhd;NwhH

el;ghs;MSik vd;W fl;Lfpd;wJ.

gofpa ez;g Hfshf el;G nfhs;S jy;:

rhd;whz;ik Fzq;fs; epuk;gpa rhd;NwhH el;ig Nkd;ikahf epidj;J thOk;

jd;ikapdH> ,tHfs; jhd; nry;Yk;NghJ Gjpjhf xUtiu xUehs; fz;lhYk;

Kd;dH gofpa ez;gHfshfNt fUjp md;G kpFjpAld; el;G nfhs;SthHfs;. ,J

fy;epiwe;j kiyg;gFjpf;Fr; rpyehl;fNs nrd;W te;jhYk;> mk;kiyapYk; top

cz;lhtijg; Nghd;whjhFk;. ,jid>

nry;t opf; fz;n zhUehl; fhzpDQ; rhd;w tH


njhy;topf; Nfz;i kapw; Nwhd;wg; Ghpe;jpahg;gH (ehyb.:154:1-2)
vd;w ehybahH ghly; czHj;JfpwJ. ,g;ghly; rhd;N whhpd; GJKfj;ijAk; gofpa

ez;gHfshfNt fUjp el;G nfhs;Sk; epiyia vLj;Jiuf;fpd;wJ.

khiy Neuj;J epoy; Nghd;w el;g pdH:

el;gpw;F ,yf;fzkhf tpsq;Fk; rhd;NwhHfspd; el;G khiy Neuj;jpd;

epoy;Nghd;W tsHe;Jnfhz;Nl ,Uf;Fk;. ,t;tifahd el;gpidr; rhd;NwhH Nghw;Wk;

jd;ikapdH> ,f;fUj;ij tpsf;Fkplj;J>

tpsptpd;w p
my;F epow;N ghy; mfd;w fd; NwhLNk
njhy;G ohsH njhlHG (ehyb.166:2-4)
vd;w ghly; Rl;bf; fhl;Lfpd;wJ.

107
cjtpf;f hf tUgtHfisAk; gyehs; el;g hfg; Nghw;W jy;:

ew;gz;G nfhz;nlhOFk; rhd;Nwhhfsplk; Kd;gpd; mwpKfk; ,y;yhjtHfs;

te;jhYk;> mtHfis ez;gHfshfNt fUj;jpy; nfhz;L Vw;Wf;nfhs;Sk; gz;ghsHfs;.

,tHfspd; gpd;dhy; te;J Kd;G mwpKfk; ,y;yhjtH jd;Dila Njitapd;

epkpj;jk; te;J epd;whYk; mtHfis md;NghL Vw;Wf; nfhs;thH. mtHfs; jk;kplk;

gyehl;fs; gofpa ez;gHfshfNt epidj;Jg; Njitahd cjtpfs; midj;Jk; kdk;

Nfhzhky; nra;thHfs;. ,e;jr; rpwe;j el;gpd; caHit tpsf;f>

gioa hptnud;W gd;dhl;g pd; epw;g pd;


cioapdpa uhFtH rhd;N whH (ehyb: 349:1:2)
vd;Dk; ehybahH ghly; tpsf;fpAiuf;fpd;wJ.

el;G Fw;w k; fhzhJ:

rhd;NwhHfs; jk;khy; md;G nra;ag;gLgtHfs; rpwe;j ew;Fzkpy;yhjtuhf

,Ue;jhYk;> mtH kPJ nrYj;Jtij tpyf;fpf; nfhs;skhl;lhHfs;. ,r;nray;

mtHfspd; MSik Nkk;gl;lg; gz;ghFk;. ,ay;G epiyapy; xUtH kPJ md;G

nrYj;jpdhy; gjpYf;F mtH jpUk;g ek;kPJ md;G nrYj;JtJ cyfpay;

tho;f;ifapy; vjpHghHf;ff; $ba xd;Wjhd;. Rhjhuz kf;fs; ,k;khjphpahd

nray;fisr; nra;tJ jpahfkhf epidg;ghHfs;. Mdhy; me;jj; jpahfNk

rhd;NwhUf;F vspikahd nrayhFk;. ,J xUtUf;F CH mwpAk;gbypUe;J

nfhLg;gJ vt;tsT rpwe;jNjh mJ Nghd;wjhFk; ,f;Fw;wk; fhzhj rhd;NWhhpd;

el;igf; $Wtjhf>

ghpag; gLgtH gz;g pyh NuDk;


jphpag; ngWgNth rhd;N whH (go. eh. 101:1-2)
vd;w gonkhop ehD}w;Wg; ghly; mikfpd;wJ.

108
Jd;g j;j py; cjTjy;:

MSik Fzk; epiwe;j rhd;NwhH jkf;F el;ghf tpsq;FgtHfSf;Fj; Jd;gk;

Vw;gl;lhy; jdf;Nf mj;Jd;gk; cz;lhdjhf epidj;J mtUf;F cjtp nra;thH.

mNjhL mj;Jd;gj;jpy; jhDk; gq;Nfw;Fk; jd;ikauhf jpfo;thH. ,r;rhd;NwhH

gq;Nfw;Fk; Jd;gq;fshf Vyhjp $Wkplj;Jr; rhT> ,ilA+W> gifik> tUj;jk;>

,d;gk; ,itNghd;wit #oy;fspy; gw;Nfw;ghH vd;W Rl;Lfpd;wJ> ,jidr;

rhf;f hL NfL gifJd;g kpd;g Nk


ehf;f hL ehl;l iw Nghf;F nkd – ehf;f hl;l
el;l hHf; fpiaapw; wkf;f piae;j $Wlk;
gl;l hHthag; gl;l J gz;G (Vyk;. 79)
vd;Dk; ghly; czHj;JfpwJ.

tha;i kapy; cWjpAilik:

xUtHf;F Vw;gLk; ed;ikAk; jPikAk; gpwuhy; tUtd my;y> mtutH nra;j

tpidg; gadhy; tpistd. rhd;NwhH mwptpy; nghpNahiu tpaj;jpYk;> rpwpNahiu

,fo;jYk; ,y;iy> rhd;NwhH vg;nghOJk; ngha; $whj tha;ikAilatHfs;>

,f;fUj;jpid tpsf;Fk;>

mwpfhp ngha;j ;j y; Md;N whHf;f py;i y 2 1

vd;W FWe;njhif ghly;thp cWjpg;gLj;Jfpd;wJ. rhd;NwhH jhk; tho;tjw;fhf ngha;

$Wk; tof;fk; ,y;iy. ,tHfs; epyk; jd;dpiyapy; jphpapDk; jhk; $wpa nrhy;

khwhj gz;GilatHfs;> ,jid>

epyk;G il ngaHtJ MapDk; $wpa


nrhy;G il ngaHjNyh ,tNu 2 2

vd;W ew;wpid vLj;Jiuf;fpd;wJ. jk; fz;nzjpNu xU jPik ele;jhYk;> mij

mg;gbNa Vw;fhJ mjd; cz;ik epiyiaf; Nfl;L Muha;e;J mwpe;j gpd;dNu Vw;Fk;

gz;GilatHfs; MtH.

109
,r;rhd;NwhH mwpit mq;F ,q;Fkhff; nfhz;L jk; jFjpf;F Vw;w mwKk;

nghUSk; tOthJ ehbr; rKjha eyk; tpisAkhW vz;zpa nraiy Kbj;jypy;

rpwe;J tpsf;FgtHfs; MtH.

tha;i kf;F vjpuhd nray;f isr; nra;a hik:

Fw;wkw;w mwptpidAila rhd;NwhH fsT nra;akhl;lhHfs;> kJ mUe;j

khl;lhHfs;> jhk; tpyf;fj; jf;ftw;iw ntWj;J mtw;wpypUe;J ePq;fp tho;tH.

kw;wtHfsif; Nfyp Ngrpg; gopj;Jiuf;f khl;lhHfs;. jtWjyhfTk; jk; thapypUe;J

ngha;ahd nrhw;fisg; Ngrkhl;lhHfs;. ,it Nghd;w caHe;j xOf;fq;fis

Nkw;nfhz;ltH rhd;NwhH. ,tHfs; ,itNghd;w ew;nray;fspy; <LgLtjhy; jhk;

jho;e;JNghFk; epiy r%fj;jhy; Vw;gl;lhYk; tUj;jk; milahHfs;. ,f;fUj;ij

tpsf;Fkplj;J>

tUTW fhl;r paH


rhapw; ghhptJ ,yH (ehyb: 157)
vd;W KbAk; ehybahH ghly; mikfpd;wJ.

jPa nrhy; Ngrhik:

ew;Fzk; epuk;gpa rhd;Nwhhpd; tha;ik cWjp vf;fhyj;Jk; khw;wk; milAk;

jd;ikaJ ,y;iy. ,tHfs; jk; thapdhy; tQ;ridr; nrhw;fisg; Ngrkhl;lhHfs;.

kw;wtHfSf;F Jd;gj;ij Vw;gLj;Jk; jPa nrhw;fisAk; Ngrkhl;lhHfs;. ,tHfspd;

jPr;nrhy; nrhy;yh cWjpAilikia>

tLr;n rhy; eakpy;y hH tha;j ;N jhd;W k; fw;w hH tha;r ;


rhapDk; Njhd;w h fug;G r;n rhy; -jPa
gug;G nrhy; rhd;N whHtha;j ; Njhd;w h fug;G r;n rhy;
(ehd;kzp. 98:1-3)
vd;W ehd;kzpf;fbif nkhopfpd;wJ.

cjtpf;F kaq;f hik:

rhd;NwhHfs; jk; tho;tpy; xU NghJk; ngha;ikiag; GfohHfs;. tha;ikia

ciuf;F kdcWjp nfhz;ltHfs;. ,tHfs; NghH nra;jtd; nghUl;lha; xd;W

jpuz;L tPuj;Jld; epd;w NghHfsj;jpy; giftH $Wk; jtwhd ciufisf; Nfl;L


110
khWgl;L elg;gtHfSf;F cz;ikahd nrhw;fshy; ve;jnthU gaDkpy;iy> Mdhy;>

mwpT epiwe;j rhd;NwhHfs; gpwH nfhLj;j nghUis cz;lhYk;> jdf;F cjtp

nra;jhHfs; vd;gjw;fhf kw;wtH nghUis cz;lhapDk; cz;ikiaNa $Wk;

kdg;gf;Ftk; nfhz;ltHfs;. ,f;fUj;ij>

nkha;n fhz; nlOe;j mkufj;J khw;w hH tha;g ;


ngha;n fhz; liwNgha;j ; jphpgtHf;F
ikAz; lkHe;j fz; khzpoha; rhd;w tH
ifAz;L k; $WtH nka; (go. eh. 241)
vd;Dk; ghly; Rl;Lfpd;wJ.

jPi kfis ePf ;f pa tha;i k:

rhd;NwhH jd; jFjpf;Fg; nghUj;jkw;w nray;fspy; <Lglkhl;lhH. kw;nwy;yhg;

gz;GfNshLk; tha;ikAk; kdcWjpAk; cilatwhf nrayhw;WthH ,f;fUj;ijf;

$Wtjhf>

nka;N a AzHe;j hH kpfTiug;g H –ngha;N a


Fwis fLQ; nrhw; gadpynrhy; ehd;F k;
Kiwiyapd; thapdth kw;W (Vyk;. 28:2-3)
vd;W vLj;jpak;Gfpd;wJ. rhd;NwhH nkd;ikahd ew;nrhw;fisNa NgRtH. tha;ikapy;

cWjpNahL xOFgtHfs;. fPo;kf;fspd; thapy; tUtdthfpa ngha;> Gwq;$Wjy;>

td;nrhw;fs;> gadw;w nrhw;fs; MfpathFk;. Nkw;Fwpg;gpl;l gpwUf;Fg; gad;glhjr;

nrhw;fisr; rhd;NwhH Ngrkhl;lhHfs;.

Fbg;n gUik fhj;j y;:

rhd;NwhH tho;T caHe;j tho;f;ifahd jk; Fbg;ngUikiaf; fhf;Fk;

ey;nyhOf;f KilatHfs; MthH. ,tHfs; jk; Fbg; ngUikf;Ff; fsq;fk;

cz;lhfhj tifapy; thok; jd;ikaH> kzp> nghd;> Kj;J ,tw;whyha

mzpfyd;fs; gOjile;jhy; mijr; rhpnra;J nfhs;syhk;. Mdhy; Fbg;ngUik

Fd;Wk; nray;fSf;Fr; rhd;NwhH rpwpJk; ,lk; nfhLf;f khl;lhHfs;.

111
xOf;fj;ijj; jd; caphpDk; Nkd;ikahff; fUJtH rhd;NwhH. jhd; Njhd;wpa

Fbg;ngUikiaf; fhg;ghw;Wk; gz;gpduha; rpwe;J tpsq;FgtH. rhd;Nwhhpd;

Fbg;ngUikia tpsf;Ftjhf jpUf;Fwspy; Ie;J Fws;fs; mikfpd;wd.

,Wjptiu Fbg;n gUikiaf; fhj;j y;:

ew;gz;G nfhz;l rhd;NwhH jhd; thOk; ehl;fspy; jd; ,Wjp fhyk; tiuf;Fk;

jd;id cUthf;fpa Fbapd; ngUikf;F CW tpistpf;fhj mstpw;Fg;

ngUikNahL tho;thH. ,f;fUj;ij>

kdeyk; ed;F ila uhapDk; rhd;N whHf;F


,deyk; Vkhg; Gilj;J (Fws;;. 458)
vd;W ts;StH ,ak;Gfpd;wJ. rhd;NwhH jhd; Njhd;wpa jhd; thOk; r%fj;Jf;F

ew;fhtyhf miktH. mNjhL Nkd;NkYk; rKjhaj; ij nrk;ik gLj;Jk; ew;gz;G

epuk;gpatHfshf tpsq;FtH.

Nkd;k f;f spd; ,ay;G :

rhd;NwhH fPo; kf;fs; jFjpaw;w nrhw;fshy; jho;thfr; nrhd;dhYk;>

Nkd;kf;fs; jk; thapdhy; jpUk;g mj;jho;thd nrhw;fisNa nrhy;ykhl;lhHfs;.

mNjhL jd; Fbg;ngUikiag; Nghw;wpg; ghJfhf;Fk; caHthd nray;fspilNa

<LgLthHfs;.

,r;rpwe;j rhd;NwhHfs; ,fo;rr;pf;Fhpa nray;fspy; <Lglkhl;lhHfs;. ,tHfspd;

cahpa nraiyf; $Wkplj;Jf;

fPo ;k f;f s; fPo ha nrhy;y pafhw; nrhy;g Nth


Nkd;k f;f s; jk;t hahy; kPl ;L (ehyb. 70:3-4)

vd;w ghly; Rl;Lfpd;wJ. ,g;ghlypy; rpdk; kpFe;J eha; xUthpd; clk;igf; fbj;jf;

firiag; gpLq;Ftijg; ghHj;J> mjw;F vjpuhfj; jk; thapdhy; jpUk;gp ehaiaf;

fbg;gtHfs; ,y;iy> mJ NghyNt rhd;NwhUk; jkf;Fj; jPq;F nra;Ak; fPo;

kf;fSf;F vjpuhfr; nray;glhky;> jd; Fbg;ngUikiaf; fhj;jiyj; jd;

Fwpf;Nfhshff; nfhz;L tho;tH.

112
tWikapYk; Fbg;n gUik fhj;j y;:

rhd;NwhH jhk; Njhd;wpa Fbapd; ngUikia ekf;Ff; Nflhd epiy te;J

NeHe;jhYk; gpwUf;F cjTk; jd;idapdpd;W khWglhj gz;gpdH> ,f;fUj;ij>

cWGdy; je;J y $l;b mWkplj;J k;


fy;Y }w; WopA+Wk; MNwNghy;- nry;t k;
gyHf; fhw;w pf; nfl;L te;j f; fz;Z k; rpyHf;f hw;w pr;
nra;t H nraw;g h yit (ehyb. 185)
vd;w ghly; czHj;jfpwJ. ,g;ghlypy; rhd;NwhH Fbg;ngUikiaf; $Wk;NghJ>

kpFjpahd ePiuf; nfhLj;J cyfj;jpdUf;F cjTk; ,ay;gpdJ MW. mt;thW

cjTk; MW tw;wpdhYk;> jz;zPH Ntz;LNthH Njhz;Lk; NghJ Mw;wpy; Cw;WePH

Rue;J cjTk;. mJ Nghd;Nw rhd;NwhH jkf;F tWik te;J NrUkhapDk;

kw;wtHfSf;F cjTk; Fbg;ngUikia vLj;Jiuf;fpd;wJ.

jd; Fbg;n gUikf;F khwhd nraypy; <Lglhik:

fhdfj;jpy; thOk; GypahdJ jhd; tPo;j;jpa fhl;Lg;gR jdf;F ,lg;Gwkhf

tPo;e;jhy; jpd;dhky; nrd;WtpLk;. mNj Nghy;> jd; Fbg;ngUikiaf; fhj;njhOFk;

rhd;NwhH ngUk;gug;Gila tpz;ZyfNk jkf;F iftrkhtjapUe;jhYk;> mr;nrayhy;

jk; Fbf;F ngUik nfLk;gb tUtjhapUe;jhy; mij tpUk;g khl;lhHfs;. ,jid>

thdfk; ifAwpDk; Ntz;l hH tpOkpNahH


khdk; mOq;f thpd; (ehyb. 300:3-4)
vd;Dk; ehybahH czHj;jfpwJ.

xOf;f j;j pw;F f;N fL Neuhjj; jd;i k:

rhd;NwhH jk; Fbg;ngUikia vd;Wk; tOthky; Nghw;wpg; ghJfhf;Fk;

jd;ikaH. ,tHfSf;Fr; nry;tk; mjpfkhfr; nry;tk; mjpfkhfr; NrHe;jhYk;>

nry;tk; kpFjpahdhy; jd; rpwg;gpw;Fg; nghUj;jkw;w nray;fisr; nra;a khl;lhHfs;.

,jidg;

ngUeil jhk; ngwpDk; ngw;w p gpioahJ


xUeil MFtH rhd;N whH (ehyb. 343)
vd;w ghly; nkhopfpd;wJ.

113
Fb xOf;f j;i jf; fhj;j y;:

rhd;Nwhhpd; Fbg;ngUik fhj;jy; Fwpg;gjhf %d;W ghly;fs; gonkhop

ehD}w;wpy; mikfpd;wd. caHFbg; gpwe;j ehd;NwhH fy;tp fw;fhtpl;lhYk; jk;

Fbg;gpwg;gpw;F Vw;g tho;tH. ,tHfsplk; caHFbg;gpwg;gpd;wpf; fy;tp xd;iw kl;Lk;

mwpe;jtd;. MSikf; $Wfis tpsf;fpf; $wj; Njitapy;iy. ,J vj;jifaJ

vd;why; nfhy;yHfs; thOk; njUtpy; Crpia tpw;f Ntz;ba mtrpak; ,y;yhjJ

Nghd;wjhFk;. mNj Nghy; ew;Fb gpwe;jtHfSf;F mtHfsplk; ew;gz;Gfs; Fwpj;J

vLj;Jf;$wj; Njitapy;iy. Vnddpy; jk; Fb xOf;fj;ijf; fy;tp fw;fhj

epiyapYk; rpwe;j rhd;whz;ikahsHfs; ,ay;ghfNt ngw;wpUg;gH. ,f;fUj;ijf;

fw;w njhd; wpd;w p tpbDk; Fbg;g pwe;j h H


kw;n whd; wwpthhpd; khzkpf ey;y hy;
nghw;g ciug;g hd; GfNtz;l h nfhw;N ruj;
Jd;D }rp tpw;g tH ,y; (go.eh. 73)
vd;w ghly; vLj;Jiuf;fpd;wJ.

,uj;j pdj;j pd; ,ay;i g xj;j Fbg;n gUik:

caHe;j Fbg;ngUik cila jiykfDila ngUik E}whapuk; NgUf;F

xutH rkk;. Mifahy; ,JNghd;Nw rhd;Nwhhpd; Fbg;ngUik ,uj;jj;jpd; xspia

ePhpNy gpbj;jhYk; xl;lhjj; jd;ikiag; Nghd;wjhFk;. ,g;ngUikia

ePW MHe;jJk; xl;l h epfhpy; kzpNa Nghy; (go.eh. 24:1)

vd;W njhlq;Fk; gonkhop ghly; tpsf;fpAiuf;fpd;wJ.

rhd;NwhH vt;tifahd Jd;gj;ij mile;jhYk; jk; MSik Nkk;ghl;Lf;Fhpa

,ay;gpypUe;J tOthjj;jd;ikaH. ,tHfisj; NjHe;jwpAk; rhd;NwhH mtHfs;

mile;j Jd;gj;jpdhy; jho;thf epidf;fhky; vd;Wk; caHthfNt epidg;ghHfs;.

,r;nray; ,uj;jpdj;jpd; ,ay;ig mwpAk; jpwikAs;stHf;F ,uj;jpdk; Nrw;wpNy

mOf;Fld; fple;jhYk; ,uj;jpdkhfNt Njhd;Wtijg; Nghd;wjhFk;. ,t;nthj;j

,ay;igf; $Wtjhf>

114
mzpkiy ehl mswhbf; fz;Z k;
kzpkzp ahfp tpLk; (go.eh.:78:3-4)

vd;w ghly; vLj;jpak;Gfpd;wJ.

Muha;e ;J nray;g Lk; ,ay;G :

rhd;NwhH jk; Fbg;ngUikf;F mtg;ngaiu nfhz;LtUk; nray;fspy; ,Ue;J

xJq;fpa tho;tH. Mjyhy; nghpNahHfs; ,Uf;Fk; ,lj;jpy; rphpj;jy;> ,ufrpak;

NgRjy;> jkf;F elghdtHfSf;fhf xU rhHghf NgRjy;> jk; ,ay;gpw;F

nghUe;jhjtHfisg; giftuhf epidj;Jg; NgRjy;> ghl;Lf;F ciu nrhy;Yjy;

Nghd;witfshy; jd; Fbg;ngUikf;F ,Of;F te;J NrUk; vd;W fUjp Muha;e;J

nray;gLk; jd;ikaH. ,jid>

eifNahL ke;j puk; el;l hHf;F thuk;


gifnahL ghl;L iunad; iwe;J e; -njhifnahL
%j;N jhH ,Ue;J op Ntz;l hH KJE}Y}s;
ahj;j h uwpe;j t uha;e ;J (rpW. %. 83)
vd;w rpWgQ;r%yk; ghly; ,lk;ngWfpd;wJ.

Fbg;n gUik NrHf;F k; MSikf; $Wfs;:

caHFbg; gpwe;jhHf;F moF NrHf;Fk; MSikiaf; $Wtjhf Vyhjpg; ghly;

mikfpd;wJ. ,g;ghlypy; rhd;Nwhhpd; Fbg;ngUik gw;wp Fwpg;gpLk;NghJ jhd; thOk;

cyfpy; midj;Jj; jpirfspYk; gue;j Gfo;> nghUl;nry;tk;> jFjptha;e;j caHr;rp>

Mz;ikf; Fd;whj epiy> fy;tp> <if Mfpa gz;Gfisf; nfhz;lJ vd;W

tpsf;fpAiuf;fpd;wJ.

nrd;w Gfo;n ry;t kPf ;$ w;w wQ; Nrtfk;


epd;w epiyfy;t p ts;s z;i k- vd;W k;
topTe;j hH G+q;N fhjh ahW kiwapd;
topTe;j hH fz;N z tdg;G (Vyk;. 01)
vd;w MWk; Fbg;ngUikf;Fhpajhf mikfpwJ vd mike;Js;sJ.

md;G k; mUSk; nfhz;L tho;j y;:

rhd;Nwhhpd; Fbg;ngUik tpsf;Fk;NghJ> KJnkhopf; fhQ;rpapy;>

115
MHfyp Ayfj;J kf;f l; nfy;y hk;
Nghpw; gpwe;jik <uj;j pd; mwpg (KJ.fhQ;. 2:1)
vd;w ntz;gh mikfpd;wJ. ,t;ntz;ghtpy; fly; #o;e;j cyfj;J kf;fs; thOk;

r%fj;jpy;> ngUq;Fbapy; gpwe;j rhd;Nwhhpd; md;Gk; mUSk; nfhz;L tho;tJ

,tHfspd; rpwe;j rpwg;ghFk;.

gpwiug; gopf;f hj epiy:

rhd;whz;ikf; nfhz;l ew;gz;gpdH Kd;gpd; mwpahj ehl;bw;Fr; nrd;whYk;>

mt;tplj;J kf;fspd; tho;f;if Kiwiag; gopj;jg; Ngrhjf; Fbg;ngUikiaf;

fhf;Fk; MSikahsuhf tpsq;FthH. ,f;fUj;ij>

mwpahj; Njrj; jhrhuk; gopahH (KJ.fhQ;. 3:8)

vd;w KJnkhopf;fhQ;rp Rl;Lfpd;wJ.

fPo ;k f;f isg; gopf;f hj Fbg;n gUik:

rhd;NwhH jk; Fzq;fspy; caHe;J tpsq;Fk; jd;ikaH. ,tHfs; rpWikf;


Fzk; nfhz;ltHfSila fPo;j;jukhd nray;fisf; fz;lhYk; gopj;Jiuf;fhjf;
Fbg;gpwg;ghsHfs; ,f;Fbg;ngUikiar;

rpwpah nuhOf;fk; rpwe;NjhUk; gopahH (KJ.fhQ;: 3:10)


vd;Dk; ghly; thp tpsf;fpAiuf;fpd;wJ.

tWikapy; nrk;i kAilik:

rhd;Nwhhpd; MSikf; $Wfspy; mLj;jhf rpwg;gplk; ngWtJ tWikapy;

nrk;ikAilikahFk;. ,tHfs; vg;gbahtJ tho;tJjhd; tho;f;if vd;wpy;yhky;>

,g;gbjhd; ehk; tho Ntz;Lk; vd;W tiuaiwfis tFj;Jf; nfhz;L thOk; rpwe;j

xOf;f Nkk;ghl;lhsHfs; MtH.

,tHfs; gy;NtW cyfpay; njhlHGila Njitfs; Vw;gl;lhYk; cs;sk;

tUe;Jk; jd;ikaH ,y;iy. mjw;F khwhf cs;sk; nrOikAld; thOk; kdg;ghq;F

nfhz;nlhOFgtHfs;.

116
nfhs;i fapy; Fiwahik:

nfhs;ifr; rhHe;j tWikapd; fhuzkhfj; jhd; cLj;jpa Mil fpope;J

mOfpof;f NeHe;jhYk; cz;gjw;F ey;y czT ,y;yhjhy; cly; jsHe;J NghFk;

epiy Vw;gl;lhYk;> jd; caHe;j ,yl;rpaq;fisf; iftplkhl;lhH. ,t;nthOf;fk;

rhd;w nfhs;ifapdpd;W tOthjepiy> tpyq;fpdq;fspd; murd; vd;W nrhy;yg;gLk;

rpq;fk; jdf;F grp mjpfkhf ,Ue;jhYk; Gy;iyj; jpd;dhjijg; Nghd;wjhFk;.

,f;fUj;ijr; Rl;Ltjhf>

cLf;i f cywp clk;g ope;j f; fz;Z k;


Fbg;g pwg; ghsHjk; nfhs;i fapw; Fd;w hH (ehyb.:141:1-2)
vd;w ehybahH ghly; mikfpd;wJ. ,q;F Ie;jwpT nfhz;l tpyq;fpdq;fNs jdf;F

nghUe;jhijr; nra;ahJ. Mdhy; rhd;whz;ikapy; rpwe;J tpsq;Fk; caHFbapy;

gpwe;jtH jhNd mope;jhYk; jd; nfhs;ifapdpd;W Fd;whj jd;ikaH vd;W ghly;

tpsf;fpAiuf;fpd;wJ.

ey;n yhOf;f k; jtwhik:

rhd;NwhH tWikahy; cly; ,isj;J NjhYk; euk;Gk; vYk;Gk;

ntspj;Njhd;Wk; mstpw;F tWik te;jhYk; jd; ey;nyhOf;fk; vd;Dk;

vy;iyiakPwp jtWfs; nra;akhl;lhHfs;. ,f;nfhba tWikapYk; mwpthfpa gird;

rl;lj;ij cs;sk; vd;Dk; ehhpdhy; fl;b kdij xuKfg;glj;jpr; nra; a Ntz;ba

ey;ywq;fisr; nra;thHfs;. ,tHfs; jkf;F NeHe;Js;s tWikia fhuzk; fhl;b

thOk; jd;ik nfhz;nlhOFgtHfs; ,y;iy. ,jid>

euk;n gOe;J ey;$ He;j h uhapDQ; rhd;N whH


Fuk;n ghOe;J Fw;w q; nfhz;N lNwhH (ehyb: 153:1-2)
vd;Dk; ghlybfs; tpsf;Ftdthf mike;Js;sd.

117
tWikapYk; gpwHf;F Tjy;:

NkNyhH tWikaile;jhYk; jq;fshy; Kbe;jkl;Lk; kw;wtHfSf;F cjTk;

MSikg; gz;ghsHfs;. ,r;rhd;Nwhhpd; nray; fpzW jd; ,ay;G ePH twz;L

NghdhYk;> Cw;WePhpd; %yk; kw;wtHfSf;F cjTk; jd;ikajhFk;. vdNt

miytPRk; ngUq;flypd; mUNf jz;zPH Ntz;Lk; vd;W ahUk; nrhy;ykhl;lhHfs;>

mNj Nghy cNyhgpfspd; nry;tk; gpwHf;F cjthj nry;te;jtHfspd;

nry;tj;ijtpl tWikapYk; gpwHf;F cjTk; Nkd;kf;fspd; tWikNa

Nkd;ikahdjhFk; ,jid>

kWik mwpahjhH Mf;f j;j pw; rhd;N whH


fopepuy; FuNt jiy (ehyb.:275:3-4)
vd;W KbAk; ghly; Rl;Lfpd;wJ.

flik jtwhj ,ay;G nfhz;N lhH:

mwptpy; rpwe;j ey;nyhOf;f newpnfhz;l rhd;NwhH jd;flik jtwhjtHfsha;


thOk; ,ay;gpdH. ,tHfs; njhlHe;J tWikNa mile;jhYk;> jhk; nra;a Ntz;ba
flikfisr; nra;Ak; ,ay;G nfhz;ltHfs; MtH. ,tHfs; jkf;F tWik ePq;fpd
gpd;dH kw;wtHf;F cjTNthk; vd epidf;fkhl;lhHfs;. vg;gbahtJ jk; tWikapYk;
gpwHf;F cjTNthk; vd;Dk; flik jtwhj jd;ikf; nfhz;L tho;gtHfs;.
,f;fUj;ij tpsf;Fkplj;J>

klk; nfhz;l rhay; kay; md;dha;! . rhd;N whH


flq;n fhz;L k; nra;t hH fld; (go.eh:216:3-4)
vd;w gonkhop mike;Js;sJ.

tWikapy; kdk;k hWglhik:

rhd;NwhH epidT epiyapy; kl;Lky;y> epidtw;w epiyapYk; jk; nrk;ikahd

gz;gpd;W gpwokhl;lhHfs;. ,J Gyp grpj;jNghJk; Gy; cz;zhky; ,Ug;gjw;F

xg;ghFk;. Gyp Gy; cz;zhky; ,Ug;gJ XH caphpay;ghfk;. mJNt jd; epidtw;w

epiyapYk; Gy;Yz;Zjiy nra;ahJ. mt;thNw ew;gz;igj; jd; ftrkhff; nfhz;L

thOk; rhd;NwhH jd;epiyapy; jho;r;rp mile;J tWikAw;w NghJk; caHe;j

epiyapypUe;J kdk; khWkhl;lhHfs;. ,f;fUj;ij>

118
jd;N ky; eypAk; grpnghpJ MapDk;
Gd;N kah jhFk; Gyp (go.eh: 119:3-4)
vd;Dk; gonkhop ,lk; ngw;Ws;s ghly; nkhopfpd;wJ.

giftH khl;L k; fUiz cs;s k;:

rhd;NwhHfs; giftHfsplKk; fUizNahL ele;J nfhs;Sk; jd;ikaHfs;.

,tHfs; ,Uf;Fk; mitapy; nfhy;Yk; nfhba er;Rj; jd;ikf; nfhz;l ghk;Ng

nrd;whYk;> mJ rhfhky; jg;gptpLk;. mJNghy rhd;NwhH jkf;F Jd;gk; nra;jtH

giftNu MapDk; jhk; Jd;gk; mile;jjw;fhf kPz;Lk; mtHfSf;Fj; Jd;gk;

nra;akhl;lhHfs;. mjw;Fg; gjpyhfg; giftHfSf;F ,uf;fk; nra;thHfs; ,jid>

kw;W k;f z; NzUtH Nkd;k f;f s; njw;w


eitf;f g; gLe;j d;i kj; jhapDk; rhd;N whH
mitg;g bd; rhthJ ghk;G (go.eh:313:3-9)
vd;w gonkhop ehD}W tpsf;Ffpd;wJ. er;Rj; jd;ik cs;s ghk;G ekf;Fj; jPq;F

nra;ahj NghjpYk; mijf; nfhy;tJ ghtky;y vd;gJ cyfpay;G. mijf; nfhy;tJ

epahak; vd;W $l Rl;btplyhk;. Mdhy; rhd;NwhHfs; ,Uf;Fk; ,lj;jpy; ghk;G

nrd;whYk; mijf; nfhy;yfpd;w tha;g;G mtHfSf;F vspjhff; fpilj;jhYk;>

rhd;whz;ikapy; rpwe;J tpsq;Fk; MSik Nkk;ghl;lhsHfs; mij

nfhy;ykhl;lhHfs; vd;gJ ,q;Fg; ngwg;gLk; fUj;jhFk;.

rhd;N whUf;F Mfhjg; gz;G fs;:

xOf;fj;jpd; ciwtplkhf jpfo;fpd;w rhd;NwhH vr;#oypYk; jkf;F Ntz;lhj

nray;fspy; <LgLk; jd;ik nfhz;NlhH my;yH. ,tHfs; jPa nray;fSf;F mQ;Rk;

kdg;ghq;F nfhz;L thOk; gz;gpdHfs;. rhd;NwhH jd; Fbg;ngUikf;Fg; nghUe;jhjr;

nray;fspy; <Lglhj rpwe;j gz;ghsHfs;. ,tHfs; jk; nfhs;iffspy; ,Ue;J

ePq;fhky; epiyj;J thOk; caHe;NjhH. ,tHfSf;F Ntz;lhjitfshf gy;NtW

fUj;Jfisf; $wyhk;. ,q;F>

 jPatHfNshL NrUjy;
 gopf;F mQ;rhj ghd;ik
vd;w ,uz;L fUj;Jf;fisf; fhzyhk;.

119
jPj ;j pwj;j hH gf;f k; NrUjy;:

ew;gz;ghsHfshd rhd;NwhH jdf;F vg;gbg;gl;l Mjhak; fpilj;jhYk;

fPo;kf;fsplk; NrUjy; Ntz;lhj nray; vd;W ed;F czHe;jtHfs;. Mjyhy;>

,tHfs; jd; epiyapy; vd;Wk; cWjpAld; thok; ew;gz;G Nkd;ikf; nfhz;L thok;

,ay;gpdH MtH. ,tHfspd; jPj;jwpe;jhH gf;fk; NrUjy; $lhJ vd;gij ehybahH>

gonkhop vLj;Jiuf;fpd;wJ.

gyehSk; gf;f j;j hH MapDk; neQ;r py;


rpyehSk; xl;l hNuh nlhl;l hH- gyehSk;
ePj ;j hH vdf;i f tplYz;N lh jk;n eQ;r j;J
ahj;j hNuhL ahj;j njhlHG (ehyb. 214)
vd;w ghly; Rl;Lfpd;wJ.

jPj ;j pwk;:

rhd;NwhH jPNahH jk;ikf; fhg;gtHfs; Nghyf; $Wk; ngha;ahd nrhw;fSf;F

vg;nghOJk; ,zq;fkhl;lhHfs;. ,tHfs; jPatHfNshL Nruhj nray; fhf;if

tpy;iyf; fz;lJk; tpyfpr; nry;tijg; Nghd;wjhFk;. ,q;F tpy; vd;gJ fhfj;jpw;Fj;

jPikiar; nra;tjhFk;. mJNghyr; rhd;NwhHfs; jPatHfisf; fz;lJk; ngUk;

mr;rj;Jld; tpyfpr; nry;thHfs;. ,f;fUj;ij tpsf;Fkplj;J>

tpy;N yhL fhf;i fNa Nghd;W (go.eh. 193:4)

vd;w gonkhop mike;Js;s ghly; vLj;Jiuf;fpd;wJ.

gopf;F mQ;r hjg;g hd;i k:

ew;gz;G G+z;nlhOk; ghd;ikaH gopf;F mQ;rhj ,ay;gpaduhf tho;tH.

,tHfs; gopf;Fhpa nray;fspy; <LgLtij KOtJkhf ntWj;J xJq;fp thOk;

xOf;f rPyHfs;. ,g;gz;gpdH jd; capNu mopAk; epiy Vw;gl;lhYk; gopr;nray;

nra;akhl;lhHfs;.

120
gopr;n ray;:

rhd;NwhH ghtk;> gop cz;lhf;Ffpd;w nray;fspy; <Lglkhl;lhHfs;. mt;thW

<Lglhjjhy; jd; capNu Nghtjhf ,Ue;jhYk; mQ;rhky; tho;gtHfs;. ,tHfs; jhk;

,wg;gJ xU ehs;> xU rpwpJ NeuNk jkf;Fj; Jd;gk; jUk; vd;W mQ;rkhl;lhHfs;.

Mjdhy; gop ghtj;jpw;Ff; fhuzkhd nray;fspy; jhk; <Lglkhl;lhHfs;. ,f;fUj;ij>

ghtKk; Vidg; gopAk; gltUNt


rhapDk; rhd;w tH nra;f yhH (ehyb. 295:1-2)
vd;Dk; ehybahH ghly; czHj;JfpwJ.
jtWf;F j; jz;l iz:

rhd;NwhH mwpakhy; nra;j jtWf;F tUe;JtH. mj;jtWf;F jz;lid

ngWthHfs;. mt;thW jPa nray;fSf;F cl;gLk; epiy Vw;gl;lhy; jdf;Fj; jhNd

jz;liz nfhLj;Jf; nfhs;thfs;. ghz;ba kd;dd; jhd; nra;j jtW jd;

jFjpf;Fj; jfhj nray; vd epidj;jj; jd;Dilaf; ifiaf; Fiwj;Jf;

nfhz;lhd;. ,j;jz;lidf;F mQ;rhj ghd;ikia>

jdf;F fhpMthd; jhsha; jtw;i w


epidj;Jjd; ifFiwj;jhd; njd;dtDk; fhzhH
vdr; nra;a hH khzh tpid (go. eh:102)
vd;gJ gonkhop ghly; thpfs;.

fPo;f;fzf;F E}y;fs; kdpjhpd; cahpa gz;Gfis nray;fis midj;J

kf;fSk; mwpe;J gpd;gw;w mtw;iwj; njhFj;J mwf;fUj;Jf;fs; vd;w ngahpy;

czHj;jpd. ,e;j mwf; fUj;Jf;fspd; nry;thf;F jkpoH gz;ghl;bd; tsHr;rpia>

rKjha mikg;ig> ntspfhl;bd. ,e;j mwE}y;fs; tho;f;ifia Nkk;ghL milar;

nra;aNt vOe;jd. ,uz;lhapuk; Mz;LfSf;F Kd;dNu kdpj Fy Nkk;ghl;bd;

mtrpaj;ijj; jkpoHfs; mwpe;jpUe;jdH vd;w fUj;jhf;fNy gpwnkhopapdH

mwpe;jpUe;jdH vd;w fUj;jhf;fNk gpwnkhopapdH jkponkhop kPJ ftdj;ijj;

jpUg;gpajw;F mbg;gilahf ,Ue;jJ. kdpjts Mw;wy;fs; gythapDk; mwpT>

121
Md;kPfk;> kdk;> xOf;fk;> cly; Mfpa tsq;fs; tho;f;if Nkk;ghl;bw;F mbg;gil

vd;gijf; fz;lwpa Kbfpd;wJ.

khwpf; nfhz;NltUk; jd;ikAs;s r%fj;jpy; mwptpay; fy;tpAk; tzpf

kakhd fy;tpAk; kdpjid capUs;s ,ae;jpuq;fshf;fp kdpj tsj;jpd; gRikfis

cyu itj;Js;sd. jdpkdpj chpik Ntl;ifAk; mstw;w jd;dyg;gw;Wk;

Nt&d;wpAs;sJ. mwptpay; GJikfs; ms;spj; je;Js;s tho;f;if trjpfs;

vy;iyNa fhzhj Njitfis cUthf;f> ,j;Njitfisg; ngw vij

Ntz;LkhdYk; nra;aj; jaq;fhj cs;sg;Nghf;F cUthfpAs;s ,f;fhyfl;lj;jpy;

ekJ nrk;nkhop ,yf;fpaq;fis ,tw;wpd; mbg;gilapy; (Nkyhz;ik) mZFtJ

fhyj;jpd; Njitahfpd;wJ.

cyfkakhf;fg;gl;l ,d;iwa #oypy; kdpj tsq;fs; jdpkdpj Nkk;ghL vd;w

ngahpy; tpw;gidf;F chpa nghUshfNt Mf;fg;gl;Lf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd. ,jw;F

khwhf> goe;jkpohpilNa epytpa kdpjtsf; fUj;Jfs; jdpkdpj tsHr;rpiaAk;

r%fj;jpd; tsHr;rpiaAk; mwk; rhHe;j nghUs; Nfhl;ghl;bd; mbg;gilapy;

,izg;gjhf miktijNa fhz Kbfpd;wJ. gjpnzd;fPo;fzf;F E}y;fspypUe;J

,d;iwa kdpj tsj;ij Nkk;ghl;iliar; nra;tjw;F ehk; ngwf; $ba rpe;jid

,JthfNt mikAk;.

122
mbf;F wpg;G
1. jkpo; ,yf;fpaj;jpy; fhyKk; fUj;Jk; :g. 13
2. NkyJ : g. 53
3. Ie;jpiz : 70: 1-2
4. jkpo; ,yf;fpaj;jpy; fhyKk; : g.18
5. eWe;njhif : g. 10
6. ghujpahH ftpij : 9: 3-4
7. NkyJ : 15:1-4
8. Gwk; : 495: 1-4
9. ey;top : 91
10. ,d;dpiy : 37(1-4)
11. gl;bdghiy : 207-212
12. kJiuf;fhQ;rp : 477-481
13. njhy;. fstpay; : 26
14. Gwk; : 191:6
15. NkyJ : 216: 8-10
16. NkyJ : 216: 6-7
17. NkyJ : 215: 8-9
18. NkyJ : 217: 5-9
19. mfk; : 339:11-14
20.FWe; : 184:1
21. ew; : 289:2-3

123