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Сопловые воздухораспределители

CO]ãOÇõE ÇOáÑYïOPAC]PEÑEãàTEãà

CÓÔÎÓ‚˚ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎË V[-1 CÓÔÎÓ‚˚ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎË


CÓÔÎÓ‚˚ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎË Ô‰̇Á̇˜ÂÌ˚
‰Îfl ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎÂÌËfl ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ‚ ÔÓÏ¢ÂÌËË Ì‡
Á̇˜ËÚÂθÌÓ ‡ÒÒÚÓflÌË Á‡ Ò˜ÂÚ ‰‡Î¸ÌÓ·ÓÈÌÓÒÚË
‚ÓÁ‰Û¯ÌÓÈ ÔËÚÓ˜ÌÓÈ ÒÚÛË ÔË ÌËÁÍÓÏ ÛÓ‚ÌÂ
¯Ûχ. àÒÔÓθÁÛÚÒfl ‰Îfl ÔÓ‰‡˜Ë Óı·ʉÂÌÌÓ„Ó ËÎË
̇„ÂÚÓ„Ó ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡. àÁ„ÓÚÓ‚ÎÂÌ˚ ËÁ
‡ÌÓ‰ËÓ‚‡ÌÌÓ„Ó ‡Î˛ÏËÌËfl Ë ÓÍ‡¯ÂÌ˚ ÏÂÚÓ‰ÓÏ
ÔÓÓ¯ÍÓ‚Ó„Ó Ì‡Ô˚ÎÂÌËfl ‚ β·ÓÈ ˆ‚ÂÚ RAL ÔÓ
Ê·Ì˲ Á‡Í‡Á˜Ë͇. CÓÔÎÓ‚˚Â
‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎË ÏÓ„ÛÚ ÒÓÒÚÓflÚ¸ ËÁ Ó‰ÌÓ„Ó
ÒÓÔ· ËÎË ÌÂÒÍÓθÍËı, Ó·˙‰ËÌÂÌÌ˚ı ‚ ·ÎÓÍË, ˜ÚÓ
Á̇˜ËÚÂθÌÓ Û‚Â΢˂‡ÂÚ ‰‡Î¸ÌÓ·ÓÈÌÓÒÚ¸ ÒÚÛË.

CÓÔÎÓ‚˚ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎË V[-4 CÓÔÎÓ‚˚ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎË V[ -1


CÓÔÎÓ‚˚ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎË V[-1 ËϲÚ
ÒÓÔ· ‚ ‚ˉ ÌÂÔÓ‰‚ËÊÌ˚ı ÍÓÌÛÒÓ‚, ÍÓÚÓ˚Â
ÏÓ„ÛÚ ·˚Ú¸ Ó‰ËÌÓ˜Ì˚ÏË ËÎË Ëı ÏÓÊÂÚ ·˚Ú¸
ÌÂÒÍÓθÍÓ, Ó·˙‰ËÌÂÌÌ˚ı ‚ ·ÎÓÍË.

CÓÔÎÓ‚˚ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎË V[ -4
CÓÔÎÓ‚˚ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎË V[-4 ËϲÚ
ÔÓ‰‚ËÊÌ˚ ÒÓÔ· Ò ˆÂθ˛ ËÁÏÂÌÂÌËfl
̇Ô‡‚ÎÂÌËfl ÔÓ‰‡˜Ë ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡. Y„ÓΠ̇Ô‡‚ÎÂÌËfl
ÔÓ‰‡˜Ë ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ÏÓÊÌÓ ËÁÏÂÌflÚ¸ ‚Û˜ÌÛ˛ ËÎË Ò
ÔÓÏÓ˘¸˛ ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰‡ ‚ Ô‰Â·ı ±30˚.

CÓÔÎÓ‚˚ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎË V[ -5
CÓÔ· ÚËÔ V[-5 „ÛÎËÛ˛ÚÒfl Ú‡ÍËÏ Ê ÒÔÓÒÓ·ÓÏ
Í‡Í ÒÓÔ· ÚËÔ V[-4. CÓÔÎÓ ‰Îfl ÔÓ‰‡˜Ë ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡
ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÎÂÌÓ ‚ ÍÓÔÛÒÂ Ë Ì ‚˚ÒÚÛÔ‡ÂÚ Á‡
CÓÔÎÓ‚˚ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎË V[-5 ÔÓ‚ÂıÌÓÒÚ¸ ÒÚÂÌ˚.

]Ó„‡ÏÏÌÓ ӷÂÒÔ˜ÂÌË Klima ADE 5.4 ]Ó„‡ÏÏÌÓ ӷÂÒÔ˜ÂÌË Klima ADE 5.4
]Ó„‡Ïχ ‰Îfl ÔÓ‰·Ó‡ Ë ‡Ò˜ÂÚ‡ ÒÓÔÎÓ‚˚ı
‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎÂÈ ‚Íβ˜‡ÂÚ ‚ Ò·fl:
• P‡Ò˜ÂÚ ÒÍÓÓÒÚË ‚˚·ÓÒ‡, ‚˚˜ËÒÎÂÌÌÓÈ Ì‡
ÓÒÌÓ‚‡ÌËË ËÁÏÂÂÌËÈ
• P‡Ò˜ÂÚ ÂÊËÏÓ‚ ÓÚÓÔÎÂÌËfl Ë Óı·ʉÂÌËfl
• P‡Ò˜ÂÚ ÚÂıÌ˘ÂÒÍËı Ô‡‡ÏÂÚÓ‚ ÔÓ‰‡˜Ë ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡
ÒÓÔÎÓÏ ËÎË Û˜ÂÚ ‚Á‡ËÏÓ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚Ëfl ̇Ô‡‚ÎÂÌÌ˚ı
̇‚ÒÚÂ˜Û ‰Û„ ‰Û„Û ÒÚÛÈ, ÒÓÁ‰‡‚‡ÂÏ˚ı
ÒÓÔ·ÏË
• P‡Ò˜ÂÚ ÒÍÓÓÒÚË ‚˚·ÓÒ‡ ‰Îfl ‚ÒÂı ‡ÁÏÂÓ‚
V[-4 Ë V[-5
ÇOáÑYïOPAC]PEÑEãEHàE
CÓÔÎÓ‚˚ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎË

CÓÔÎÓ‚˚ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎË ÒÚ‡Ì


CÓÔÎÓ‚˚ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎË V[-1.............................................................................................................................. ...............................................................208
CÓÔÎÓ‚˚ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎË V[-4 .............................................................................................................................................................................................215
CÓÔÎÓ‚˚ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎË V[-5 .............................................................................................................................................................................................221

TÂıÌ˘ÂÒÍË ÒËÏ‚ÓÎ˚

{ÎÂÏÂÌÚ ËÁ„ÓÚÓ‚ÎÂÌ ËÁ ‡Î˛ÏËÌË‚˚ı ÔÓÙËÎÂÈ, ÎËÒÚÓ‚ ËÎË ÓÚÎË‚ÓÍ.


St {ÎÂÏÂÌÚ ËÁ„ÓÚÓ‚ÎÂÌ ËÁ ÎËÒÚÓ‚ÓÈ ÒÚ‡ÎË.
RAL
9010 {ÎÂÏÂÌÚ ÓÍ‡¯ÂÌ Òڇ̉‡ÚÌÓÈ Í‡ÒÍÓÈ ‚ ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚ËË Ò Ô‡ÎËÚÓÈ ˆ‚ÂÚÓ‚ RAL 9010. Ü·ÂÏ˚È ˆ‚ÂÚ ÒΉÛÂÚ Û͇Á‡Ú¸ ‚ Á‡Í‡ÁÂ.
á‡ÚÂÏÌÂÌÌ˚ ÒËÏ‚ÓÎ˚ ÓÁ̇˜‡˛Ú ‚ÓÁÏÓÊÌÓÒÚ¸ ‚‡¸ËÓ‚‡ÌËfl χÚÂˇ·, Á‡˘ËÚÌÓ„Ó ÔÓÍ˚ÚËfl, ‚ˉ‡ ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰‡ Ë Ú.‰.
{ÎÂÏÂÌÚ Ô‰̇Á̇˜ÂÌ ‰Îfl ‚ÒÚ‡Ë‚‡ÌËfl ‚ ÔÓÎ.
{ÎÂÏÂÌÚ Ô‰̇Á̇˜ÂÌ ‰Îfl ‚ÒÚ‡Ë‚‡ÌËfl ‚ ÒÚÂÌ˚.
{ÎÂÏÂÌÚ Ô‰̇Á̇˜ÂÌ ‰Îfl ‚ÒÚ‡Ë‚‡ÌËfl ‚ ÔÓÚÓÎÓÍ Ë ÒÚÂÌ˚.
{ÎÂÏÂÌÚ Ô‰̇Á̇˜ÂÌ ‰Îfl ‚ÒÚ‡Ë‚‡ÌËfl ‚ ÔÓÚÓÎÓÍ (‚˚ÒÓÚ‡ ÔÓÏ¢ÂÌËfl ‰Ó 4 Ï).

{ÎÂÏÂÌÚ Ô‰̇Á̇˜ÂÌ ‰Îfl ‚ÒÚ‡Ë‚‡ÌËfl ‚ ÔÓÚÓÎÓÍ (‚˚ÒÓÚ‡ ÔÓÏ¢ÂÌËfl ÓÚ 6 ‰Ó 15 Ï).


{ÎÂÏÂÌÚ Ô‰̇Á̇˜ÂÌ ‰Îfl ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎÂÌËfl ̇„ÂÚÓ„Ó ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ (ÓÚÓÔÎÂÌËÂ).
{ÎÂÏÂÌÚ Ô‰̇Á̇˜ÂÌ ‰Îfl ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎÂÌËfl Óı·ʉÂÌÌÓ„Ó ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ (Óı·ʉÂÌËÂ).
M {ÎÂÏÂÌÚ ‰ÓÔÛÒ͇ÂÚ ‚ÓÁÏÓÊÌÓÒÚ¸ ‡‚ÚÓχÚ˘ÂÒÍÓ„Ó „ÛÎËÓ‚‡ÌËfl (˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰˚ [ÂÎËÏÓ).
F
EU...
{ÎÂÏÂÌÚ Ô‰̇Á̇˜ÂÌ ‰Îfl Ó˜ËÒÚÍË ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ÓÚ Ô˚ÎË.(ÇÒÚÓÂÌ ÙËθÚ Í·ÒÒ‡ EU...)
CD ÇÓÁÏÓÊÂÌ ‚˚·Ó Ë ‡Ò˜ÂÚ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎÂÌËfl Òӄ·ÒÌÓ ËÒıÓ‰Ì˚Ï ‰‡ÌÌ˚Ï Ò ÔÓÏÓ¯¸˛ ÔÓ„‡ÏÏ˚ äÎËχ ADE.
CO]ãOÇõE ÇOáÑYïOPAC]PEÑEãàTEãà V[-1

CÓÔÎÓ‚˚ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎË V[-1

èpËÏeÌeÌËe:
RAL
CÓÔÎÓ‚˚ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎË Ô‰̇Á̇˜ÂÌ˚
‰Îfl ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎÂÌËfl ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ‚ ÔÓÏ¢ÂÌËË Ì‡
Á̇˜ËÚÂθÌÓ ‡ÒÒÚÓflÌË Á‡ Ò˜ÂÚ ‰‡Î¸ÌÓ·ÓÈÌÓÒÚË
‚ÓÁ‰Û¯ÌÓÈ ÔËÚÓ˜ÌÓÈ ÒÚÛË ÔË ÌËÁÍÓÏ ÛÓ‚ÌÂ
¯Ûχ. O·˙‰ËÌÂÌË ÓÚ‰ÂθÌ˚ı ÒÓÔÂÎ ‚ ·ÎÓÍË
‰‡ÂÚ ‚ÓÁÏÓÊÌÓÒÚ¸ ¢ ·ÓΠۂÂ΢ËÚ¸
‰‡Î¸ÌÓ·ÓÈÌÓÒÚ¸ ÒÚÛË. [ÎÓÍË ÏÓ„ÛÚ ·˚Ú¸
ËÁ„ÓÚÓ‚ÎÂÌ˚ ËÁ ‡ÁÌ˚ı χÚÂˇÎÓ‚ Ë ‡ÁÌÓÈ
ÙÓÏ˚, Ú‡Í ˜ÚÓ·˚ ÓÌË Ì‡ËÎÛ˜¯ËÏ Ó·‡ÁÓÏ
ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚Ó‚‡ÎË ËÌÚÂ¸ÂÛ ÔÓÏ¢ÂÌËfl.

OÔËÒ‡ÌËÂ:
CÓÔÎÓ‚˚ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎË V[ -1 ËϲÚ
ÌÂÔÓ‰‚ËÊÌ˚ ÒÓÔ·. àÁ„ÓÚ‡‚ÎË‚‡˛ÚÒfl ËÁ
‡ÌÓ‰ËÓ‚‡ÌÌÓ„Ó ‡Î˛ÏËÌËfl Ë ÓÍ‡¯Ë‚‡˛ÚÒfl ‚
β·ÓÈ ˆ‚ÂÚ Òӄ·ÒÌÓ Ô‡ÎËÚ RAL ÔÓ Ê·Ì˲
Á‡Í‡Á˜Ë͇.

b
TËÔ˚ Ë ‡ÁÏÂ˚:
CÓÔÎÓ‚˚ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎË V[ -1
ËÁ„ÓÚ‡‚ÎË‚‡˛ÚÒfl ¯ÂÒÚË ÚËÔÓ‡ÁÏÂÓ‚: ÓÚ 20 ‰o
250 ÏÏ.

CÔÓÒÓ·˚ ÏÓÌڇʇ:
φD2

φD1
φC

φd

CÓÔÎÓ‚˚ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎË V[ -1
ÚËÔÓ‡ÁÏÂÓ‚ 20 Ë 50 ÍÂÔflÚÒfl Ò ÔÓÏÓ˘¸˛ ÍÎÂfl,
ÚËÔÓ‡ÁÏÂÓ‚ 100, 140, 160 Ë 250 Ò ÔÓÏÓ˘¸˛
Á‡ÍÎÂÔÓÍ ËÎË Ò‡ÏÓÂÁÓ‚ 3,5 ÏÏ. CÓÔÎÓ‚˚Â
‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎË V[-1 ÔÓÒÚ‡‚Îfl˛ÚÒfl ·ÂÁ
ÓÚ‚ÂÒÚËÈ ‰Îfl ÍÂÔÎÂÌËfl.

O·‡Áˆ Á‡Í‡Á‡:
TËÔÓ‡ÁÏÂ φd φD1 φD2 b φC Aef (Ï2) CÓÔÎÓ‚˚È
20 20 40 52 60 46 0.00025 ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂθ: V[-1
50 50 100 116 100 108 0.00181 P‡ÁÏÂ: 100
äÓ΢ÂÒÚ‚Ó: 25
100 100 200 220 160 210 0.00785
140 140 250 290 250 270 0.01496
160 160 250 290 250 270 0.01960
250 250 400 440 350 420 0.04830

208
CO]ãOÇõE ÇOáÑYïOPAC]PEÑEãàTEãà OÑàHO≤HõE V[-1 TEïHà≤ECäàE ïAPAäTEPàCTàäà

TÂıÌ˘ÂÒÍË ı‡‡ÍÚÂËÒÚËÍË Ó‰ËÌÓ˜Ì˚ı


A≥10d ÒÓÔÎÓ‚˚ı ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎÂÈ V[-1:
CÓÔÎÓ‚˚È ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂθ Ò˜ËÚ‡ÂÚÒfl
Ó‰ËÌÓ˜Ì˚Ï, ÂÒÎË ‡ÒÒÚÓflÌË ÏÂÊ‰Û ÒÓÔ·ÏË A
·Óθ¯Â ‰ÂÒflÚË Í‡ÎË·Ó‚ (͇ÎË· - ‰Ë‡ÏÂÚ ÒÓÔ· d).
H‡Ë·ÓΠ‚‡ÊÌ˚È Ô‡‡ÏÂÚ, ı‡‡ÍÚÂËÁÛ˛˘ËÈ
ÒÓÔÎÓ‚˚È ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂθ, - ˝ÍÒÔÂËÏÂÌڇθ̇fl
ÔÓÒÚÓflÌ̇fl, ËÎË ˜ËÒÎÓ ÚÛ·ÛÎÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË m.
A

чθÌÓ·ÓÈÌÓÒÚ¸ ÒÚÛË Ó‰ËÌÓ˜ÌÓ„Ó


d

ÒÓÔÎÓ‚Ó„Ó ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎfl:

L=
d
+
d ⎧v ⎫
× O - 0.63 (Ï)
A m 0.128 ⎩ vL ⎭

±ÓÏÛ· ‰Îfl ÓÔ‰ÂÎÂÌËfl Ë̉Û͈ËË:

L L
i= 2m
d
xo

x’o

Qs
vo 20˚ vL
d

vo= (Ï/c)
φ

Aef

d
m=
xo
fl‰Ócurka
jedro ÒÚÛË

xo= 0.946 x’o + 3.47 d

v0 (Ï/Ò) CÍÓÓÒÚ¸ ‚˚ÔÛÒ͇ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡


TËÔÓ‡ÁÏÂ m (ÒÍÓÓÒÚ¸ ̇ ÓÒË Ì‡˜‡Î¸ÌÓ„Ó Û˜‡ÒÚ͇ ÒÚÛË)
20 0.180 Q[ (Ï3/Ò) P‡ÒıÓ‰ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ˜ÂÂÁ Ó‰ËÌÓ˜ÌÓ ÒÓÔÎÓ
50 0.155 Aef (Ï2) ]ÎÓ˘‡‰¸ ÊË‚Ó„Ó Ò˜ÂÌËfl ÒÓÔ·
100 0.150 vL (Ï/Ò) CÍÓÓÒÚ¸ ̇ ÓÒË ÒÚÛË ‚ Ò˜ÂÌËË Ì‡
140 0.145 ‡ÒÒÚÓflÌËË ‚˚·ÓÒ‡ L
L (Ï) ÑÎË̇ ‚˚·ÓÒ‡ ÒÚÛË
160 0.145
(‰‡Î¸ÌÓ·ÓÈÌÓÒÚ¸)
250 0.150
m ˜ËÒÎÓ ÚÛ·ÛÎÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË ÒÓÔ·
ΔtL (OC) å‡ÍÒËχθ̇fl ‡ÁÌÓÒÚ¸ ÏÂʉÛ
ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛÓÈ ÔÓÏ¢ÂÌËfl Ë
ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛÓÈ Ì‡ ÓÒË ÒÚÛË
(ËÁ·˚ÚӘ̇fl ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ‡ ‚ ÒÚÛÂ)
ΔtZ (OC) P‡ÁÌÓÒÚ¸ ÏÂÊ‰Û ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛÓÈ
ÔÓÏ¢ÂÌËfl Ë ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛÓÈ
ÔËÚÓ˜ÌÓ„Ó ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ (‡·Ó˜‡fl ‡ÁÌÓÒÚ¸
ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ)
i à̉Û͈Ëfl- ÓÚÌÓ¯ÂÌË ӷ˘Â„Ó
ÍÓ΢ÂÒÚ‚‡ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡, ‚Ó‚ÎÂ͇ÂÏÓ„Ó
ÒÚÛÂÈ ‚ ‰‚ËÊÂÌËÂ, Í ÍÓ΢ÂÒÚ‚Û
‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ˜ÂÂÁ ÒÓÔÎÓ
A (Ï) P‡ÒÒÚÓflÌË ÏÂÊ‰Û ÒÓÔ·ÏË
g (Ï/Ò2) YÒÍÓÂÌË ҂ӷӉÌÓ„Ó Ô‡‰ÂÌËfl
d (Ï) ÑˇÏÂÚ ÒÓÔ·
Tp (OK) A·ÒÓβÚ̇fl ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ‡ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ‚
ÔÓÏ¢ÂÌËË

209
CO]ãOÇõE ÇOáÑYïOPAC]PEÑEãàTEãà OÑàHO≤HõE V[-1 TEïHà≤ECäàE ïAPAäTEPàCTàäà

P‡Ò˜ÂÚ ÓÚÍÎÓÌÂÌËfl Ú‡ÂÍÚÓËË


ÌÂËÁÓÚÂÏ˘ÂÒÍÓÈ ÒÚÛË ÓÚ ÓÒË:
+ ]Ë ÌÂËÁÓÚÂÏ˘ÂÒÍÓÈ ÒÚÛÂ, ÍÓ„‰‡ ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ‡
‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ‚ ÒÚÛ ÓÚ΢‡ÂÚÒfl ÓÚ ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ˚ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡
ÔÓÏ¢ÂÌËfl, ÌÂÓ·ıÓ‰ËÏÓ ÓÔ‰ÂÎflÚ¸ ÓÚÍÎÓÌÂÌËÂ
Ú‡ÂÍÚÓËË ÒÚÛË ÓÚ ÓÒË y Ë ËÁ·˚ÚÓ˜ÌÛ˛ ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛÛ
-y
‚ ÒÚÛ ΔtL (ÎË·Ó ÓÚÌÓÒËÚÂθÌ˚È ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛÌ˚È
ÔÂÂÔ‡‰ ΔtL / ΔtZ): Δ tL
Δ tZ

y = 0.33d × m × Ar ⎧
L ⎫3(Ï)
+y ⎩d ⎭
„‰Â Ar - ÍËÚÂËÈ AıËω‡:

-
L

Ñˇ„‡Ïχ ‰Îfl ÓÔ‰ÂÎÂÌËfl ÛÓ‚Ìfl Á‚ÛÍÓ‚ÓÈ ÏÓ˘ÌÓÒÚË, ËÁÎÛ˜‡ÂÏÓÈ ÒÓÔÎÓ‚˚Ï Ar = d ×2Δ tZ × g


‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎÂÏ: vo ×Tp

34
OÚÌÓÒËÚÂθÌ˚È ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛÌ˚È ÔÂÂÔ‡‰:

32 Δ tL 3
= × d oz.
Δ tZ 4 m×L
30

28 Δ tL = 3 × d × Δ tZ (0C)
4 m×L
26
L (‰Å(A))

24
WA

22

20

8 9 10 11 12 13 14

Vo(Ï/c)

210
CO]ãOÇõE ÇOáÑYïOPAC]PEÑEãàTEãà Ç ÇàÑE [ãOäOÇ V[-1 TEïHà≤ECäàE ïAPAäTEPàCTàäà

A<4d
O·˙‰ËÌÂÌË ÒÓÔÎÓ‚˚ı
Lcel
‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎÂÈ ‚ ·ÎÓÍË:
d
xo= x2 L
m CÓÔÎÓ‚˚ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎË Ó·˙‰ËÌfl˛ÚÒfl
b’
xo ‚ ·ÎÓÍË ‰Îfl ‡Á‰‡˜Ë ·Óθ¯Ó„Ó ÍÓ΢ÂÒÚ‚‡
ÔËÚÓ˜ÌÓ„Ó ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡, ÍÓ„‰‡ Ú·ÛÂÚÒfl Á̇˜ËÚÂθ̇fl
‰‡Î¸ÌÓ·ÓÈÌÓÒÚ¸ ÒÚÛË.
v2
vL
φd

20˚
h’

Q0 (Ï3/Ò) Q[ x n Ó·˘Â ÍÓ΢ÂÒÚ‚Ó ÔËÚÓ˜ÌÓ„Ó


A

‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡
n äÓ΢ÂÒÚ‚Ó ÒÓÔÂÎ ‚ ·ÎÓÍÂ
A vo
bxh Q2 (Ï3/Ò) P‡ÒıÓ‰ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ‚ Ò˜ÂÌËË Ì‡ ‡ÒÒÚÓflÌËË x2
Qo
v2 (Ï/Ò) CÍÓÓÒÚ¸ ̇ ÓÒË ÒÚÛË ‚ Ò˜ÂÌËË Ì‡
‡ÒÒÚÓflÌËË x2
b (Ï) òËË̇ ÒÚÛË Ì‡ ‡ÒÒÚÓflÌËË x2
h (Ï) Ç˚ÒÓÚ‡ ÒÚÛË Ì‡ ‡ÒÒÚÓflÌËË x2
L (Ï) P‡ÒÒÚÓflÌË ÓÚ Ò˜ÂÌËfl, „‰Â ÓÚ‰ÂθÌ˚Â
ÒÚÛË ÒÎË‚‡˛ÚÒfl ‚ Ó‰ÌÛ, ‰Ó Í‡ÈÌ„Ó
Ò˜ÂÌËfl (‰‡Î¸ÌÓ·ÓÈÌÓÒÚ¸ Ó·˘ÂÈ ÒÚÛË)
Lcel (Ï) O·˘‡fl ‰‡Î¸ÌÓ·ÓÈÌÓÒÚ¸ ÒÚÛË
Qcel (Ï3/Ò) P‡ÒıÓ‰ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ‚ Í‡ÈÌÂÏ Ò˜ÂÌËË Ì‡
‡ÒÒÚÓflÌËË ‰ÎËÌ˚ ‚˚·ÓÒ‡ L

P‡Ò˜ÂÚ ‰Îfl ËÁÓÚÂÏ˘ÂÒÍËı ÛÒÎÓ‚ËÈ Ë ÔflÏÓÛ„ÓθÌÓ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇ ÒÓÔÎÓ‚˚ı àÁÓÚÂÏ˘ÂÒÍË ÛÒÎÓ‚Ëfl -


‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎÂÈ ÔË b / h ≤12 ÔflÏÓÛ„ÓθÌ˚È ·ÎÓÍ ÒÓÔÂÎ:
]˂‰fiÌÌ˚È ‡Ò˜fiÚ ÔÓ‰ıÓ‰ËÚ ‰Îfl ËÁÓÚÂÏ˘ÂÒÍËı
5. CÍÓÓÒÚ¸ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ̇ ÓÒË ÒÚÛË ‚ Ò˜ÂÌËË Ì‡ ÛÒÎÓ‚ËÈ Ë ÔflÏÓÛ„ÓθÌÓ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇ ÒÓÔÂÎ b x h < 12.
1. P‡ÒÒÚÓflÌË ÓÚ ‚˚ÔÛÒ͇ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ‰Ó ÒÎËflÌËfl
Ç ÒÎÛ˜‡Â ÌÂËÁÓÚÂÏ˘ÂÒÍËı ÛÒÎÓ‚ËÈ ÌÂÓ·ıÓ‰ËÏÓ
ÒÚÛÈ ‚ Ó‰ÌÛ: ‡ÒÒÚÓflÌËË L:
‡Ò˜ËÚ‡Ú¸ ÔÓ‰˙fiÏ Ë Ô‡‰ÂÌË ÒÚÛË ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ËÁ-Á‡
x2 = 9.5 ×⎧ A - ⎫
3
d v0 × d × ÷ n ‡ÁÌˈ˚ ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ.
(Ï) vL = (Ï/Ò)
⎩ 2 ⎭ m×L

2. P‡ÒıÓ‰ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ‚ Ò˜ÂÌËË ÒÚÛË Ì‡ ‡ÒÒÚÓflÌËË X2: 6. чθÌÓ·ÓÈÌÓÒÚ¸ Ó·˘ÂÈ ÒÚÛË:

3
v0 × d × ÷ n
Q2 = 2 × Q0 ⎧ ⎫(Ï /˜‡Ò)
2x Ï3 3
L= (Ï)
x0 ⎩Ò⎭ m × vL

3. P‡Ò¯ËÂÌË ‚ÓÁ‰Û¯ÌÓÈ ÒÚÛË Ì‡ ‡ÒÒÚÓflÌËË x2: 7. O·˘‡fl ‰‡Î¸ÌÓ·ÓÈÌÓÒÚ¸ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎfl:

b = b’ + 0.2x2 (Ï)
F2 = b × h (Ï2) Lcel = L + X2 (Ï)
h = h’ + 0.2x2 (Ï)

4. CÍÓÓÒÚ¸ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ̇ ÓÒË ÒÚÛË ‚ Ò˜ÂÌËË Ì‡ 8. O·˘‡fl Ë̉Û͈Ëfl ÒÓÔÎÓ‚Ó„Ó ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎfl:


‡ÒÒÚÓflÌËË x2:
Q2 Qcel 3
v0 × d × ÷ n 3
v2 = (Ï/Ò) i= Qcel = 2Q2 (Ï /˜‡Ò)
F2 Q0 m × vL

211
CO]ãOÇõE ÇOáÑYïOPAC]PEÑEãàTEãà Ç ÇàÑE [ãOäOÇ V[-1 TEïHà≤ECäàE ïAPAäTEPàCTàäà

P‡Ò˜ÂÚ ‰Îfl ËÁÓÚÂÏ˘ÂÒÍËı ÛÒÎÓ‚ËÈ ‰Îfl Í‚‡‰‡ÚÌÓ„Ó ËÎË ÍÛ„ÎÓ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇ ÒÓÔÎÓ‚˚ı àÁÓÚÂÏ˘ÂÒÍË ÛÒÎÓ‚Ëfl -
‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎÂÈ: Í‚‡‰‡ÚÌ˚È ËÎË ÍÛ„Î˚È ·ÎÓÍ ÒÓÔÂÎ
ÑÎfl ÒÓÔÎÓ‚˚ı ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎÂÈ ‚ ‚ˉÂ
1. 䂇‰‡ÚÌ˚È ·ÎÓÍ ÒÓÔÂÎ: 2. äÛ„Î˚È ·ÎÓÍ ÒÓÔÂÎ: Í‚‡‰‡ÚÌ˚ı ËÎË ÍÛ„Î˚ı ·ÎÓÍÓ‚ ÒΉÛÂÚ ‚ÌÂÒÚË
ËÁÏÂÌÂÌËfl Òӄ·ÒÌÓ Ó·ÓÁ̇˜ÂÌËflÏ, Ô˂‰ÂÌÌ˚Ï
b=h=a b=h=d Ò΂‡.
F2 = a 2 F2 = π x d 2 / 4
m = 0.20

P‡Ò˜ÂÚ ‰Îfl ÌÂËÁÓÚÂÏ˘ÂÒÍËı ÛÒÎÓ‚ËÈ: P‡Ò˜ÂÚ ‰Îfl ÌÂËÁÓÚÂÏ˘ÂÒÍËı ÛÒÎÓ‚ËÈ:


Ç ÌÂËÁÓÚÂÏ˘ÂÒÍËı ÛÒÎÓ‚Ëflı ÓÚÍÎÓÌÂÌËÂ
1. ]flÏÓÛ„ÓθÌ˚È ·ÎÓÍ ÒÓÔÂÎ: 2. äÛ„Î˚È ·ÎÓÍ ÒÓÔÂÎ: Ú‡ÂÍÚÓËË ÒÚÛË ‡ÒÒ˜ËÚ˚‚‡ÂÚÒfl ÔÓ ÙÓÏÛ·Ï,
3 3 Ô˂‰ÂÌÌ˚Ï Ò΂‡.
y = 0.4h × ÷m × Ar ×⎧ y = 0.33 × m × Ar ⎧
L⎫ L⎫
(Ï)
⎩ m⎭ ⎩ m⎭

äËÚÂËÈ AıËω‡(Ar):

ÑÎfl ÔflÏÓÛ„ÓθÌÓ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇: ÑÎfl ÍÛ„ÎÓ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇:

g × h × Δ tZ d × Δ tZ × g
Ar = Ar =
v22 × Tp v22 × Tp

m<4d

d x2 L
xo =
m
]˂‰ÂÌ̇fl ÏÂÚÓ‰Ë͇ ‡Ò˜ÂÚ‡ ‰Îfl ÒÓÔÎÓ‚Ó„Ó
+
‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎfl ·ÎÓ˜ÌÓ„Ó ÚËÔ‡ fl‚ÎflÂÚÒfl
-y
ÛÔÓ˘ÂÌÌÓÈ. ÑÎfl ·ÓΠÚÓ˜ÌÓ„Ó ‡Ò˜ÂÚ‡ ÒÎÓÊÌ˚ı
v2 Ó·˙ÂÍÚÓ‚ ÔÓÂÍÚËÓ‚˘ËÍ ÏÓÊÂÚ Ó·‡ÚËÚ¸Òfl ̇
φd

Ô‰ÔËflÚËÂ, „‰Â ÔÓÎÛ˜ËÚ ‰ÓÔÓÎÌËÚÂθÌÛ˛


+y
ÍÓÌÒÛθڇˆË˛. ]Ë ÌÂÓ·ıÓ‰ËÏÓÒÚË ÏÓ„ÛÚ ·˚Ú¸
Ôӂ‰ÂÌ˚ ËÒÔ˚Ú‡ÌËfl ‚ ··Ó‡ÚÓËË.
-

212
CO]ãOÇõE ÇOáÑYïOPAC]PEÑEãàTEãà Ç ÇàÑE [ãOäOÇ V[-1 TEïHà≤ECäàE ïAPAäTEPàCTàäà

Ñˇ„‡Ïχ ÔÓÚÂ¸ ‰‡‚ÎÂÌËfl:


150 150 150

100 100 100


90 90 90
80 80 80
70 70 70
60 60 60
50 50 50

40 40 40
pcel (è‡)

pcel (è‡)

pcel (è‡)
30 30 30

140
ÏÂ

0
Â 10
P‡Á

20 20 20

250
P‡ÁÏ
 50

Â
ÁÏ
 20
P‡ÁÏÂ

15 15

P‡
15

160
P‡ÁÏÂ

Â
ÁÏ
P‡
10 10 10

3 4 5 6 7 8 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 1.5 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 10 15

vo (Ï/Ò) vo (Ï/Ò) vo (Ï/Ò)

]ÓÚÂË ‰‡‚ÎÂÌËfl:

ρ 2
pst = 1.05 v (è‡)
2 0
ρ−ÔÎÓÚÌÓÒÚ¸ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ (Í„/Ï3)

pst

vo

g (Ï/Ò2) YÒÍÓÂÌË ҂ӷӉÌÓ„Ó Ô‡‰ÂÌËfl


d (Ï) ÑˇÏÂÚ ÒÓÔ·
h (Ï) Ç˚ÒÓÚ‡ Ò˜ÂÌËfl ÒÚÛË Ì‡ ‡ÒÒÚÓflÌËË x2
Δtz (0C) P‡ÁÌÓÒÚ¸ ÏÂÊ‰Û ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛÓÈ
ÔÓÏ¢ÂÌËfl Ë ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛÓÈ
ÔËÚÓ˜ÌÓ„Ó ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ (‡·Ó˜‡fl ‡ÁÌÓÒÚ¸
ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ)
Tp (0K) A·ÒÓβÚ̇fl ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ‡ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ‚
ÔÓÏ¢ÂÌËË
m ÒÚÂÔÂ̸ ÚÛ·ÛÎÂÌÚÌÓÒÚË
(m=0.25 ‰Îfl ÔflÏÓÛ„ÓθÌÓ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇ Ë
m=0.20 ‰Îfl ÍÛ„ÎÓ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇)
L (Ï) ÑÎË̇ ‚˚·ÓÒ‡ ÒÚÛË (‰‡Î¸ÌÓ·ÓÈÌÓÒÚ¸)

213
CO]ãOÇõE ÇOáÑYïOPAC]PEÑEãàTEãà Ç ÇàÑE [ãOäOÇ V[-1 TEïHà≤ECäàE ïAPAäTEPàCTàäà

xo O·‡Áˆ ‡Ò˜ÂÚ‡:
x’o
T·ÛÂÏ˚È ‡ÒıÓ‰ ÔËÚÓ˜ÌÓ„Ó ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ‚ ıÓÎÎ:
15000 Ï3/˜‡Ò.
TÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ‡ ÔÓÏ¢ÂÌËfl: tp= 20°C
Qs
TÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ‡ ÔËÚÓ˜ÌÓ„Ó ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡: tz= 26°C
vo 20˚ vL
d

vo= (Ï/c)
(Ï/c) ÑÓÔÛÒÚËχfl ÔÓ‰‚ËÊÌÓÒÚ¸ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ‚
φ

Aef
Ó·ÒÎÛÊË‚‡ÂÏÓÈ ÁÓÌÂ: vL= 0.5 Ï/Ò
d
m=
xo P¯ÂÌËÂ:
ü‰Ó ‚ÓÁ‰Û¯ÌÓÈ
jedro curka ÒÚÛË
ÑÎfl ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎÂÌËfl Ú‡ÍÓ„Ó ÍÓ΢ÂÒÚ‚‡ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡
xo= 0.946 x’o + 3.47 d
ÔÓÚ·ÛÂÚÒfl 52 ÓÚ‰ÂθÌÓ ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÎÂÌÌ˚ı ÒÓÔ·
V[-1 ÚËÔÓ‡ÁÏÂ‡ 100. P‡ÒıÓ‰ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ˜ÂÂÁ
Ó‰ÌÓ ÒÓÔÎÓ ÒÓÒÚ‡‚ËÚ:
15000
QS = = 292Ï3/˜‡Ò = 0.08011Ï3/Ò
52

1. CÍÓÓÒÚ¸ ‚˚ÔÛÒ͇ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡: 4. OÚÍÎÓÌÂÌË ‚ÓÁ‰Û¯ÌÓÈ ÒÚÛË: 6. ]ÓÚÂË ‰‡‚ÎÂÌËfl:

3
y = 0.33 × 0.1 × 0.15 × (-1.931 x 10-4) ×⎧ ⎫ =
QS 0.08011 16 1.15 2
V0 = = = 10.2 Ï/Ò
⎩0.1 ⎭ pst = 1.05 × (10.2) = 62.7 è‡
Aef 0.00785 2
= -3.9Ï

2. ÑÎË̇ ‚˚·ÓÒ‡: 5. OÚÌÓÒËÚÂθÌ˚È ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛÌ˚È ÔÂÂÔ‡‰: 7. YÓ‚Â̸ Á‚ÛÍÓ‚ÓÈ ÏÓ˘ÌÓÒÚË, ËÁÎÛ˜‡ÂÏÓÈ


‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎÂÏ:
⎧ 10.2 - 0.63⎫=16Ï
Δ tZ 3
L=
0.1
+
0.1 = × 0.1 = 0.031
0.15 0.128 ⎩ 0.5 ⎭ Δ tZ 4 0.15 x 16 OÔ‰ÂÎflÂÚÒfl ÔÓ ‰Ë‡„‡ÏÏ ÔË ÒÍÓÓÒÚË
v0 = 10.2 Ï/c
Lwa = 25 ‰Å (A)
3. äËÚÂËÈ AıËω‡:

(0.1) × (-6) × (9.81) -5.885


Ar = = × 10-4 =
(10.2)2 × 293 3.047
= -1.931 × 10-4

214
CO]ãOÇõE ÇOáÑYïOPAC]PEÑEãàTEãà V[-4

ëoÔÎo‚˚e ‚oÁ‰yıopacÔpe‰eÎËÚeÎË V[-4

èpËÏeÌeÌËe:
RAL
CÓÔÎÓ‚˚ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎË Ô‰̇Á̇˜ÂÌ˚
‰Îfl ÔÓ‰‡˜Ë Óı·ʉÂÌÌÓ„Ó ËÎË Ì‡„ÂÚÓ„Ó ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ‚
ÔÓÏ¢ÂÌËÂ, „‰Â Ú·ÛÂÚÒfl Á̇˜ËÚÂθ̇fl
‰‡Î¸ÌÓÒÚ¸ ‚˚·ÓÒ‡ Ë ÌËÁÍËÈ ÛÓ‚Â̸ ¯Ûχ. ]Ë
Ó·˙‰ËÌÂÌËË ÌÂÒÍÓθÍËı ÒÓÔÂÎ ‚ ·ÎÓÍ
Á̇˜ËÚÂθÌÓ Û‚Â΢˂‡ÂÚÒfl ‰ÎË̇ ‚˚·ÓÒ‡
‚ÓÁ‰Û¯ÌÓÈ ÒÚÛË. àÒÔÓθÁÛ˛ÚÒfl ‡Á΢Ì˚Â
M ‚‡ˇÌÚ˚ ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍË.

OÔËÒ‡ÌËÂ:
CÓÔÎÓ‚˚ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎË V[-4 ËϲÚ
ÔÓ‰‚ËÊÌ˚ ÒÓÔ· Ò ˆÂθ˛ ËÁÏÂÌÂÌËfl
̇Ô‡‚ÎÂÌËfl ÔÓ‰‡˜Ë ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡. Y„ÓΠ̇Ô‡‚ÎÂÌËfl
ÔÓ‰‡˜Ë ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ÏÓÊÌÓ ËÁÏÂÌflÚ¸:
• ‚Û˜ÌÛ˛ ‚Ó ‚ÒÂı ̇Ô‡‚ÎÂÌËflı ‚ Ô‰Â·ı ± 30o
• Ò ÔÓÏÓ˘¸˛ ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰‡ ‚ „ÓËÁÓÌڇθÌÓÏ
ËÎË ‚ÂÚË͇θÌÓÏ Ì‡Ô‡‚ÎÂÌËË ‚ Ô‰Â·ı ± 30o
L3 Ç˚·Ó ۄ· ÓÔ‰ÂÎflÂÚÒfl ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛÓÈ
L2 ÔËÚÓ˜ÌÓ„Ó ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡.
L1 e
CÓÔÎÓ‚˚ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎË V[-4
ËÁ„ÓÚÓ‚ÎÂÌ˚ ËÁ ‡ÌÓ‰ËÓ‚‡ÌÌÓ„Ó ‡Î˛ÏËÌËfl Ë
φg

ÓÍ‡¯ÂÌ˚ ÏÂÚÓ‰ÓÏ ÔÓÓ¯ÍÓ‚Ó„Ó Ì‡Ô˚ÎÂÌËfl ‚


β·ÓÈ ˆ‚ÂÚ Òӄ·ÒÌÓ Ô‡ÎËÚ RAL ÔÓ ‚˚·ÓÛ
Á‡Í‡Á˜Ë͇.
30˚
φC

φD
φB

P‡ÁÏÂ˚:
P‡ÁÏÂ φD φB φc e L1 L2 L3 φg n Aef (Ï2)
80 80 175 196.5 7 43 96 139 6.5 3 0.004778 n ÍÓ΢ÂÒÚ‚Ó ÓÚ‚ÂÒÚËÈ ‰Îfl ÍÂÔÎÂÌËfl
100 100 215 236.5 7 51 115 166 6.5 3 0.007543
125 125 265 286.5 7 52 142 194 6.5 3 0.011882
160 160 340 361.5 9 75 180 255 6.5 4 0.019607
220 220 425 446.5 9 95 219 314 6.5 4 0.037325

215
CO]ãOÇõE ÇOáÑYïOPAC]PEÑEãàTEãà V[-4

V[-4/D/B V[-4/E

150

φDc

φA
ExE

CÔÓÒÓ·˚ ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍË:
P‡ÁÏ. ExE φDcÏËÌ φA f • åÓÌÚ‡Ê ‚ ÍÛ„Î˚È ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‚Ó‰ (Ó·ÓÁ̇˜ÂÌË D)
80 200 200 158 40 • åÓÌÚ‡Ê ‚ ÚÓˆ ÍÛ„ÎÓ„Ó ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‚Ó‰‡ (Ó·ÓÁ̇˜ÂÌË E)
100 240 250 198 40
125 290 300 248 40
160 365 380 313 40
220 450 500 398 65
èË Á‡Í‡Á ÌÂÓ·ıÓ‰ËÏÓ Û͇Á‡Ú¸ φDc.

O·‡Áˆ Á‡Í‡Á‡:
V[-4 / D 300 / B ‡ÁÏ. 125

Òڇ̉‡ÚÌ˚Â
‡ÁÏÂ˚ 80, 100, 125, 160, 220

R Û˜ÌÓ ÛÔ‡‚ÎÂÌËÂ
B4 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Belimo NM 24A
B5 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Belimo NM 230A
B6 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Belimo NM 24A SR
J4 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Joventa DAS 1
J5 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Joventa DAS 2
J6 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Joventa DMS 1.1

‰Ë‡ÏeÚ ÍaÌaÎa φDc

D ÏÓÌÚ‡Ê ‚ ÍÛ„Î˚È ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‚Ó‰


E ÏÓÌÚ‡Ê ‚ ÚÓˆ ÍÛ„ÎÓ„Ó ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‚Ó‰‡

216
CO]ãOÇõE ÇOáÑYïOPAC]PEÑEãàTEãà V[-4 TEïHà≤ECäàE ïAPAäTEPàCTàäà

CÚÛfl Óı·ʉÂÌÌÓ„Ó ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡


L (Ï) ‰ÎË̇ ‚˚·ÓÒ‡ ÔË ËÁÓÚÂÏ˘ÂÒÍËı
ÛÒÎÓ‚Ëflı
H2
L
αH (°) Û„ÓÎ ‚˚ÔÛÒ͇ Óı·ʉÂÌÌÓÈ ÒÚÛË
αT (°) Û„ÓÎ ‚˚ÔÛÒ͇ ̇„ÂÚÓÈ ÒÚÛË

y
αH C (Ï) ‡ÒÒÚÓflÌË ÔÓ „ÓËÁÓÌÚ‡ÎË ÓÚ ÒÓÔ·
‰Ó ÚÓ˜ÍË ‚ÒÚÂ˜Ë ‰‚Ûı ÒÚÛÈ
v̄L
dt L
H (Ï) ‡ÒÒÚÓflÌË ÓÚ ÒÓÔ· ‰Ó „‡Ìˈ˚
C Ó·ÒÎÛÊË‚‡ÂÏÓÈ ÁÓÌ˚
H2 (Ï) ‚ÓÓ·‡Ê‡ÂÏÓ ‡ÒÒÚÓflÌË ÔÓ
H

H1
‚ÂÚË͇ÎË ÓÚ ÛÓ‚Ìfl ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍË ÒÓÔ·
v̄H1
dtH1
‰Ó ÚÓ˜ÍË ‚ÒÚÂ˜Ë ‰‚Ûı ËÁÓÚÂÏ˘ÂÒÍËı
ÒÚÛÈ, ‚˚ÔÛ˘ÂÌÌ˚ı ÔÓ‰ Û„ÎÓÏ αH
O·ÒÎÛÊË‚‡Âχfl ÁÓ̇ 1,8 Ï Hmax (Ï) χÍÒËχθ̇fl ‚˚ÒÓÚ‡ ÔÓ‰˙Âχ ÒÚÛË
(ÚÓθÍÓ ‰Îfl ‚˚ÔÛÒ͇ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ‚
‚ÂÚË͇θÌÓÏ Ì‡Ô‡‚ÎÂÌËË)
H1 (Ï) ‡ÒÒÚÓflÌË ÔÓ ‚ÂÚË͇ÎË ÓÚ „‡Ìˈ˚
Ó·ÒÎÛÊË‚‡ÂÏÓÈ ÁÓÌ˚ ‰Ó ÚÓ˜ÍË
‚ÒÚÂ˜Ë ‰‚Ûı ÒÚÛÈ
CÚÛfl ËÁÓÚÂÏ˘ÂÒ͇fl Y (Ï) ÓÚÍÎÓÌÂÌË Ú‡ÂÍÚÓËË
L ÌÂËÁÓÚÂÏ˘ÂÒÍÓÈ ‚ÓÁ‰Û¯ÌÓÈ ÒÚÛË
G (Ï) ‚ÂÚË͇θÌÓ ‡ÒÒÚÓflÌË ÓÚ ÛÓ‚Ìfl
ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍË ÒÓÔ· ‰Ó ÚÓ˜ÍË Ì‡
v̄L ÓÚÍÎÓÌÂÌÌÓÈ Ú‡ÂÍÚÓËË ÒÚÛË,
dtL ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚Û˛˘ÂÈ ‰ÎËÌ ‚˚·ÓÒ‡
ÌÂËÁÓÚÂÏ˘ÂÒÍÓÈ ÒÚÛË
vH1 (Ï/c) Ò‰Ìflfl ÒÍÓÓÒÚ¸ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ÔË ‚ıÓ‰Â
H1

ÒÚÛË ‚ Ó·ÒÎÛÊË‚‡ÂÏÛ˛ ÁÓÌÛ


v̄H1
dtH1
vL (Ï/c) Ò‰Ìflfl ÒÍÓÓÒÚ¸ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ‚ ÚÓ˜ÍÂ
‚ÒÚÂ˜Ë ‰‚Ûı ÒÚÛÈ
O·ÒÎÛÊË‚‡Âχfl ÁÓ̇ 1,8 Ï dtz (K) ‡·Ó˜‡fl ‡ÁÌÓÒÚ¸ ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ (ÏÂʉÛ
ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛÓÈ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ‚ ÔÓÏ¢ÂÌËË
Ë ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛÓÈ ÔËÚÓ˜ÌÓ„Ó ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡)
dtL (K) ËÁ·˚ÚӘ̇fl ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ‡ ‚ ÒÚÛÂ
(‡ÁÌÓÒÚ¸ ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ ÏÂʉÛ
ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛÓÈ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ‚ ÔÓÏ¢ÂÌËË
Ë ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛÓÈ ‚ ÒÚÛ ̇
‡ÒÒÚÓflÌËË L)
CÚÛfl ̇„ÂÚÓ„Ó ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ dtH1 (K) ËÁ·˚ÚӘ̇fl ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ‡ ‚ ÒÚÛ ̇
‚ıӉ ‚ ‡·Ó˜Û˛ ÁÓÌÛ (‡ÁÌÓÒÚ¸
ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ ÏÂÊ‰Û ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛÓÈ
‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ‚ ÔÓÏ¢ÂÌËË Ë
αT ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛÓÈ ‚ ÒÚÛ ̇ ‚ıӉ ‚
Ó·ÒÎÛÊË‚‡ÂÏÛ˛ ÁÓÌÛ)
G

v̄L dpt (èa) ÔÓÚÂË ÔÓÎÌÓ„Ó ‰‡‚ÎÂÌËfl


H

dtL
LWA (‰Å(A)) ÛÓ‚Â̸ Á‚ÛÍÓ‚ÓÈ ÏÓ˘ÌÓÒÚË
L
y

O·ÒÎÛÊË‚‡Âχfl ÁÓ̇ 1,8 Ï

217
CO]ãOÇõE ÇOáÑYïOPAC]PEÑEãàTEãà V[-4 TEïHà≤ECäàE ïAPAäTEPàCTàäà

Ñˇ„‡Ïχ 1: CÍÓÓÒÚ¸ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ̇ ÓÒË ÒÚÛË Ì‡ ‡ÒÒÚÓflÌËË


‰ÎËÌ˚ ‚˚·ÓÒ‡

10

3 /˜
ac
ê‡
Òı Ó

15
‚Ó

0
Á
‰Û
ı‡

L=
6
8
10

30
0
12
15
17

40
20

0
25
30

60
0
80
0
10
00
15
00
22
00
30
00

2,5 1,5 1,0 0,7 0,5 0,4 0,3 0,2 220 160 125 100 80
VL(Ï/c) P‡ÁÏÂ

Ñˇ„‡Ïχ 2: OÚÍÎÓÌÂÌË ‚ÓÁ‰Û¯ÌÓÈ ÒÚÛË

OÚÍÎÓÌÂÌË ‚ÓÁ‰Û¯ÌÓÈ ÒÚÛË ±y (Ï)

0,2 0,5 1 2 3 5 7 10 20
L=

K
+ 2
30

-
Ï
25

4K
20

+-
6K
15

+-
12

0K
+- 1
10

5K
+- 1
8
6
„ÎÛ

5
·Ë
̇
Ô
ÓÌ
Ë͇
ÌË
flÒ
ÚÛ
ËL

OÚÍÎÓÌÂÌË ‚ÓÁ‰Û¯ÌÓÈ ÒÚÛË y:


0 - ÔÓÎÓÊËÚÂθÌÓ ÔË ‚˚ÔÛÒÍ ̇„ÂÚÓ„Ó ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡
30
- ÓÚˈ‡ÚÂθÌÓ ÔË ‚˚ÔÛÒÍ Óı·ʉÂÌÌÓ„Ó ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡
c 0
/˜a 40 00
80 3
Ï 0 10
70 60
0
100 10
0 80 00
Ûı‡ 15
Á‰
P‡ÁÏÂ

0 Ó
125 15 ‰‚ 00
ÒıÓ 22
P‡
160 00
30

220

218
CO]ãOÇõE ÇOáÑYïOPAC]PEÑEãàTEãà V[-4 TEïHà≤ECäàE ïAPAäTEPàCTàäà

Ñˇ„‡Ïχ 3: CÍÓÓÒÚ¸ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ̇ ÓÒË ÒÚÛË ÔË ‚ıӉ ‚ Ñˇ„‡Ïχ 6: å‡ÍÒËχθ̇fl „ÎÛ·Ë̇ ÔÓÌË͇ÌËfl ÒÚÛË ÔË
Ó·ÒÎÛÊË‚‡ÂÏÛ˛ ÁÓÌÛ ‚˚ÔÛÒ͠ ‚ ‚ÂÚË͇θÌÓÏ Ì‡Ô‡‚ÎÂÌËË
0,50

150
0,40

Ï/
3 ˜ac
P‡Ò
0,30

ıÓ‰
c
Ï/
,5

‚ÓÁ
=L 2

‰Ûı
V
2,0


Q (Ï
3 /˜ac
0,20
1,5

)
1,2
VH1(Ï/c)

300
0,15 1,0

+7 K
0,8

5
+1 K
+

0K
tZ =
0,12

+2 K
0,6

5
0K
+1
400
0,10 0,5

0,07

600
800
0,05

100
15 12 10 8 6 5 4 3 2 1,5

0
150
H1(Ï)

0
250
0
Ñˇ„‡Ïχ 4: OÚÌÓ¯ÂÌË ËÁ·˚ÚÓ˜ÌÓÈ ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ˚ ‚ ÒÚÛ ̇
‡ÒÒÚÓflÌËË L Í ‡·Ó˜ÂÈ ‡ÁÌÓÒÚË ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ 220 160 125 100 80 20 15 10 8 6 5 4 3
P‡ÁÏÂ å‡ÍÒËχθ̇fl „ÎÛ·Ë̇ ÔÓÌË͇ÌËfl ÒÚÛË Hmax (Ï)
0,30

P‡Ò˜ÂÚ Ò Û˜ÂÚÓÏ ‡Á΢Ì˚ı Û„ÎÓ‚ ‚˚ÔÛÒ͇ ÒÚÛË


0,20

Oı·ʉÂÌÌ˚È ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı (αH)


0,15 a) Ç˚·ÂËÚ ۄÓÎ ‚˚ÔÛÒ͇ (αH):
C
0,12 b) OÔ‰ÂÎËÚ ‡ÒÒÚÓflÌË L: L= (Ú‡·Îˈ‡ 1)
0

cos(αH)
22
ÓÚÌÓ¯ÂÌË ËÁ·˚ÚÓ˜ÌÓÈ ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ˚

Â

0,10
ÁÏ

c) Ç˚˜ËÒÎËÚ H2: H2 = tg(αH) x C (Ú‡·Îˈ‡ 1)


P‡

0
16

d) ]Ó ‰Ë‡„‡ÏÏ 1 ÓÔ‰ÂÎËÚ ÒÍÓÓÒÚ¸ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ vL.


5
12

0,07
e) ]Ó ‰Ë‡„‡ÏÏ 2 ÓÔ‰ÂÎËÚ ÓÚÍÎÓÌÂÌË ÒÚÛË y.
0
10

f) Ç˚˜ËÒÎËÚ ‡ÒÒÚÓflÌË H1: H1=H+H2-y


80

0,05 g) ]Ó ‰Ë‡„‡ÏÏ 3 ÓÔ‰ÂÎËÚ ÒÍÓÓÒÚ¸ vH1.


0,04 h) ]Ó ‰Ë‡„‡ÏÏ 4 ÓÔ‰ÂÎËÚ ÓÚÌÓ¯ÂÌË ËÁ·˚ÚÓ˜ÌÓÈ ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ˚ ‚ ÒÚÛ Í
‡·Ó˜ÂÈ ‡ÁÌÓÒÚË ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ ΔtH1 ËÎË: ΔtL
0,03 ΔtZ ΔtZ
30 20 15 12 10 7 5 4 3
ΔtH1 ΔtL
P‡ÒÒÚÓflÌË L ‚ Ï (‰Îfl ̇„ÂÚÓ„Ó ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡)
ΔtH1= x ΔtZ ΔtL= x ΔtZ
P‡ÒÒÚÓflÌË L+H1 ‚ Ï (‰Îfl ËÁÓÚÂÏ˘ÂÒÍÓÈ ÒÚÛË ËÎË Óı·ʉÂÌÌÓ„Ó ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡) ΔtZ ΔtZ

àÁÓÚÂÏ˘ÂÒ͇fl ÒÚÛfl
Ñˇ„‡Ïχ 5: ]ÓÚÂË ‰‡‚ÎÂÌËfl Ë ÛÓ‚Â̸ Á‚Û͇ àÒÔÓθÁÛÈÚ ‰Ë‡„‡ÏÏ˚ 1 Ë 3
500 H‡„ÂÚ˚È ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı (αT)
a) ᇉ‡ÈÚÂÒ¸ ÒÍÓÓÒÚ¸˛ vL.
300 b) ]Ó ‰Ë‡„‡ÏÏ 1 ‚˚·ÂËÚ L.
c) ]Ó ‰Ë‡„‡ÏÏ 2 ÓÔ‰ÂÎËÚ ÓÚÍÎÓÌÂÌË ÒÚÛË y.
55

200
d) Ç˚˜ËÒÎËÚ ۄÓÎ ‚˚ÔÛÒ͇ ÒÚÛË.
50

150
G+y
sin(αt)= (Ú‡·Îˈ‡ 1)
45
]ÓÚÂË ‰‡‚ÎÂÌËfl p (]a)

100
L
P‡Á
40

70
e) ]Ó ‰Ë‡„‡ÏÏ 4 ÓÔ‰ÂÎËÚ ÓÚÌÓ¯ÂÌË ËÁ·˚ÚÓ˜ÌÓÈ ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ˚ ‚ ÒÚÛÂ
ÏÂ

Í ‡·Ó˜ÂÈ ‡ÁÌÓÒÚË ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ ΔtH1 ËÎË ΔtL :


35

50

ΔtZ ΔtZ
30

80

30
100

ΔtH1 ΔtL
L WA

ΔtH1= x ΔtZ ΔtL= x ΔtZ


125
25
(‰Å

20 ΔtZ ΔtZ
(

160
A))

20

ÇÌËχÌËÂ: EÒÎË ‡ÒÒÚÓflÌË ÏÂÊ‰Û ÒÓÔ·ÏË ÏÂÌ ˜ÂÏ 0,14 x C, ÚÓ ÒΉÛÂÚ


220

10
3000 1500 1000 500 300 200 130 70
‚‚ÂÒÚË ÔÓ‚˚¯‡˛˘ËÈ ÍÓ˝ÙÙˈËÂÌÚ Ì‡ ÒÍÓÓÒÚ¸ vL Ë ËÁ·˚ÚÓ˜ÌÛ˛ ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛÛ
3
P‡ÒıÓ‰ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ (Ï /˜ac) ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ΔtL ≈ 1,5.

219
CO]ãOÇõE ÇOáÑYïOPAC]PEÑEãàTEãà V[-4 TEïHà≤ECäàE ïAPAäTEPàCTàäà

]ËÏÂ: Ú‡·Îˈ‡ 1
Ñ‚‡ cÓÔ· ÛcÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÎÂÌ˚ ̇ ‡ccÚÓflÌËË ‰Û„ ÓÚ ‰Û„‡ 18 Ï Ì‡ ‚˚cÓÚ 7 Ï ÓÚ αH cos(αH) tg(αH) αt sin(αt)
ÔÓ·. 0 1 0 0 0
5 0,996 0,0875 5 0,087
]‡‡ÏÂÚ˚ ÔËÚÓ˜ÌÓ„Ó ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡:
10 0,985 0,176 10 0,174
‡cıÓ‰ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡:V =600Ï3/˜‡c (˜ÂÂÁ Ó‰ÌÓ cÓÔÎÓ)
Δtz = -6K (ÎÂÚÓ) 15 0,966 0,268 15 0,260
20 0,940 0,364 20 0,342
Δtz = +4K (ÁËχ)
25 0,906 0,466 25 0,423
Ç˚·Ë‡ÂÏ: cÓÔÎÓ V[-4 ÚËÔÓ‡ÁÏÂ160 30 0,866 0,577 30 0,500
Oı·ʉÂÌÌ˚È ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı: (αH) = 10°
a) P‡ccÚÓflÌË L: L = c/cos αH = 9/0,985 = 9,14 Ï (Ú‡·Îˈ‡ 1)
b) Ç˚cÓÚ‡ H2: H2= tg(αH) x 9= 0,176x9=1,578 Ï (Ú‡·Îˈ‡ 1)
c) OÔ‰ÂÎflÂÏ cÍÓÓcÚ¸ vL ÔÓ ‰Ë‡„‡ÏÏ 1: vL=1,05 Ï/c
d) ]Ó ‰Ë‡„‡ÏÏ 2 ÓÔ‰ÂÎflÂÏ ÓÚÍÎÓÌÂÌË cÚÛË y: y=-0,6 Ï
e) Ç˚˜ËcÎflÂÏ H1: H1 = H + H2 - y H1= 5,2+1,587-0,6=6,187 Ï
f) ]Ó ‰Ë‡„‡ÏÏ 3 ÓÔ‰ÂÎflÂÏ cÍÓÓcÚ¸ vH1: vH1=0,08 Ï/c
g) ]Ó ‰Ë‡„‡ÏÏ 4 ÓÔ‰ÂÎflÂÏ ÓÚÌÓ¯ÂÌË ËÁ·˚ÚÓ˜ÌÓÈ ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ˚ Í
‡·Ó˜ÂÈ ‡ÁÌÓcÚË ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ ΔtH1/ΔtZ;
ΔtH1= ΔtH1 / ΔtZ x ΔtZ = 0,048 x (-6)= -0,288 K

H‡„ÂÚ˚È ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı: (αt)


a) ᇉ‡ÂÏcfl cÍÓÓcÚ¸˛ vL: vL=0,71 Ï/c
b) ]Ó ‰Ë‡„‡ÏÏ 1 ÓÔ‰ÂÎflÂÏ ‡ccÚÓflÌË L: L=13,5 Ï
c) ]Ó ‰Ë‡„‡ÏÏ 2 ÓÔ‰ÂÎflÂÏ ÓÚÍÎÓÌÂÌË cÚÛË y: y = +1,3 Ï
d) Ç˚˜ËcÎflÂÏ Û„ÓÎ ‚˚ÔÛc͇ cÚÛË (αt):
sin(αt)= G+y/L=4+1,3/13,5=0,3926 ⇒ αt≈23°
e) ]Ó ‰Ë‡„‡ÏÏ 4 ÓÔ‰ÂÎflÂÏ ÓÚÌÓ¯ÂÌË ËÁ·˚ÚÓ˜ÌÓÈ ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ˚ Í
‡·Ó˜ÂÈ ‡ÁÌÓÒÚË ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ
ΔtL
ΔtL= x ΔtZ = 0,055 x 4 = 0,22 K
ΔtZ
f) ]Ó ‰Ë‡„‡ÏÏ 5 ÏÓÊÂÚ ·˚Ú¸ ÓÔ‰ÂÎÂÌ ÛÓ‚Â̸ Á‚ÛÍÓ‚ÓÈ ÏÓ˘ÌÓÒÚË
LWA = 27 ‰[(A)
Δpt = 43 è‡

220
CO]ãOÇõE ÇOáÑYïOPAC]PEÑEãàTEãà V[-5

ëoÔÎo‚˚e ‚oÁ‰yıopacÔpe‰eÎËteÎË V[-5

èpËÏeÌeÌËe:
RAL
9010
CÓÔÎÓ‚˚ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡cÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎË V[-5
Ô‰̇Á̇˜ÂÌ˚ ‰Îfl ÔÓ‰‡˜Ë Óı·ʉÂÌÌÓ„Ó ËÎË
̇„ÂÚÓ„Ó ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ‚ ÔÓÏ¢ÂÌËÂ, „‰Â Ú·ÛÂÚcfl
Á̇˜ËÚÂθ̇fl ‰‡Î¸ÌÓcÚ¸ ‚˚·Óc‡ Ë ÌËÁÍËÈ
ÛÓ‚Â̸ ¯Ûχ. ]Ë Ó·˙‰ËÌÂÌËË ÌÂcÍÓθÍËı
cÓÔÂÎ ‚ ·ÎÓÍ ‰ÎË̇ ‚˚·Óc‡ ‚ÓÁ‰Û¯ÌÓÈ cÚÛË
Á̇˜ËÚÂθÌÓ Û‚Â΢˂‡ÂÚcfl. àcÔÓθÁÛ˛Úcfl
‡Á΢Ì˚ ‚‡ˇÌÚ˚ ÛcÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍË.

OÔËc‡ÌËÂ:
CÓÔÎÓ‚˚ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡cÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎË V[-5 ËϲÚ
M ÔÓ‰‚ËÊÌ˚ cÓÔ· c ˆÂθ˛ ËÁÏÂÌÂÌËfl
CD ̇Ô‡‚ÎÂÌËfl ÔÓ‰‡˜Ë ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡. Y„ÓΠ̇Ô‡‚ÎÂÌËfl
ÔÓ‰‡˜Ë ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ÏÓÊÌÓ ËÁÏÂÌflÚ¸:
• ‚Û˜ÌÛ˛ ‚Ó ‚cÂı ̇Ô‡‚ÎÂÌËflı ‚ Ô‰Â·ı ±300;
• c ÔÓÏÓ˘¸˛ ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰‡ ÔÓ „ÓËÁÓÌÚ‡ÎË ËÎË
ÔÓ ‚ÂÚË͇ÎË ‚ Ô‰Â·ı ±300.

Ç˚·Ó ۄ· ÓÔ‰ÂÎflÂÚcfl Á̇˜ÂÌËÂÏ ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ˚


ÔËÚÓ˜ÌÓ„Ó ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡.
]Ó‰‚ËÊÌÓ cÓÔÎÓ ÛcÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÎÂÌÓ ‚ ÍÓÔÛc ڇÍ, ˜ÚÓ
‰‡Ê ‰Îfl c‡ÏÓ„Ó ·Óθ¯Ó„Ó ÚËÔÓ‡ÁÏÂ‡, 400, ÓÌÓ
Ì ‚˚cÚÛÔ‡ÂÚ Á‡ ÔÓ‚ÂıÌÓcÚ¸ cÚÂÌ˚ ·ÓΠ˜ÂÏ Ì‡
45 ÏÏ (cÏ. ‡ÁÏÂ L2 Í‡Í ÙÛÌÍˆË˛ ۄ·).
CÓÔÎÓ‚˚ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‡cÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂÎË V[-5
ËÁ„ÓÚÓ‚ÎÂÌ˚ ËÁ ¯Ú‡ÏÔÓ‚‡ÌÌÓ„Ó ‡ÌÓ‰ËÓ‚‡ÌÌÓ„Ó
‡Î˛ÏËÌËfl. OÌË ÏÓ„ÛÚ ·˚Ú¸ ÓÍ‡¯ÂÌ˚ ÏÂÚÓ‰ÓÏ
ÔÓÓ¯ÍÓ‚Ó„Ó Ì‡Ô˚ÎÂÌËfl ‚ β·ÓÈ ˆ‚ÂÚ cӄ·cÌÓ
Ô‡ÎËÚ RAL ÔÓ ‚˚·ÓÛ Á‡Í‡Á˜Ë͇.

L1 L2
30˚
Do

D4

Dz
10

O·ÓÁ̇˜ÂÌËfl Ë ‡ÁÏÂ˚:
TËÔÓ‡ÁÏÂ φDo φDz φD4 L1 L2* Aef (Ï2) Bec (Í„) V
100 98 146 40 87 -5 0,0013 0,20 L2* … Á‡‚ËcËÚ ÓÚ Û„Î‡ ̇Ô‡‚ÎÂÌËfl ÔÓ‰‡˜Ë
125 123 171 64 91 -1 0,0032 0,27 ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ 0°
160 158 206 82 98 11 0,0053 0,3
200 198 252 108 108 19 0,0092 0,55
250 248 312 136 121 29 0,0145 0,77
315 313 377 174 145 35 0,0238 1,12
400 398 472 230 171 45 0,0415 1,64

221
CO]ãOÇõE ÇOáÑYïOPAC]PEÑEãàTEãà V[-5

CÔÓcÓ·˚ ÛcÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍË:
• [ÂÁ ‚cÚ‡‚ÍË (Ó·ÓÁ̇˜ÂÌË V)

Do+10
CÓÔ· ·ÂÁ ‚cÚ‡‚ÍË ÍÂÔflÚcfl c ÔÓÏÓ˘¸˛ ÚÂı
‚ËÌÚÓ‚ cÓ cÚÓÓÌ˚ Îˈ‚ÓÈ ÔÓ‚ÂıÌÓcÚË, ÍÓÚÓ˚Â
Á‡ÚÂÏ Ï‡cÍËÛ˛Úcfl ‰ÂÍÓ‡ÚË‚Ì˚ÏË Í˚¯Í‡ÏË.
P‡ÁÏÂ ÓÚ‚ÂcÚËfl ‰Îfl ÛcÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍË cÓÔ· ‡‚ÂÌ
φDo + 10ÏÏ.

10
• YcÚ‡Ìӂ͇ c ÍÛ„ÎÓÈ ‚cÚ‡‚ÍÓÈ
(Ó·ÓÁ̇˜ÂÌË D, K, E)

‚ ÍÛ„ÎÓÏ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıӂӉ (D) ‚ ÔflÏÓÛ„ÓθÌÓÏ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıӂӉ (K) ‚ ÚÓˆÂ ÍÛ„ÎÓ„Ó ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‚Ó‰‡ (E)

L3 L3 L3+10

Dc
Da+20

Do
Da

Da

Da
Dz

Dz

Dz

40

CÓÔ· Ûcڇ̇‚ÎË‚‡˛Úcfl ̇ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıӂӉ c ÔÓÏÓ˘¸˛ ‚cÚ‡‚ÓÍ, ÍÓÚÓ˚ÏË ÓÌË ÍÓÏÔÎÂÍÚÛ˛Úcfl ÔË Á‡Í‡ÁÂ. ÇcÚ‡‚͇ Ûcڇ̇‚ÎË‚‡ÂÚcfl ÌÂÁ‡‚ËcËÏÓ ÓÚ cÓÔ· ‚
ÇcÚ‡‚͇ Á‡ÍÂÔÎflÂÚcfl ̇ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıӂӉ c ÔÓÏÓ˘¸˛ Á‡ÍÎÂÔÓÍ ËÎË c‡ÏÓÂÁÓ‚. ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‚Ó‰ cڇ̉‡ÚÌÓ„Ó ‡ÁÏÂ‡ ÍÛ„ÎÓ„Ó ËÎË
Ȯ ÏÓÊÂÚ ·˚Ú¸ ÓÍ‡¯Â̇ ÏÂÚÓ‰ÓÏ ÔÓÓ¯ÍÓ‚Ó„Ó Ì‡Ô˚ÎÂÌËfl ‚ β·ÓÈ ˆ‚ÂÚ cӄ·cÌÓ Ô‡ÎËÚ RAL ÔÓ Í‚‡‰‡ÚÌÓ„Ó c˜ÂÌËfl.
‚˚·ÓÛ Á‡Í‡Á˜Ë͇. ]Ë Á‡Í‡Á cΉÛÂÚ Û͇Á‡Ú¸ ‰Ë‡ÏÂÚ ÍÛ„ÎÓ„Ó ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‚Ó‰‡ φDc.

222
CO]ãOÇõE ÇOáÑYïOPAC]PEÑEãàTEãà V[-5

• YcÚ‡Ìӂ͇ cÓÔ·:

CÓÔ· ÙËÍcËÛ˛Úcfl ‚ÌÛÚË ‚cÚ‡‚ÍË cÓ cÚÓÓÌ˚


Îˈ‚ÓÈ ÔÓ‚ÂıÌÓcÚË, ̇ ÍÓÚÓÓÈ ÔË ˝ÚÓÏ
ÓÚcÛÚcÚ‚Û˛Ú ‚ËÌÚ˚.

TËÔÓ‡ÁÏÂ φDo φDz φDa φDa+20 L3 φDc ÏËÌ


100 98 146 118 138 90 125
125 123 171 143 163 95 150
160 158 206 178 198 100 180
200 198 252 224 244 110 224
250 248 312 284 304 120 315
315 313 377 349 369 150 355
400 398 472 444 464 170 450

CÔÓcÓ·˚ „ÛÎËÓ‚‡ÌËfl:
• PÛ˜ÌÓ „ÛÎËÓ‚‡ÌË ‚Ó ‚cÂı
̇Ô‡‚ÎÂÌËflı ‚ Ô‰Â·ı ±300(R)

• P„ÛÎËÓ‚‡ÌË c ÔÓÏÓ˘¸˛
˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰‡ ÔË ÛcÚ‡ÌÓ‚Í cÓ
‚cÚ‡‚ÍÓÈ
B4 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Belimo NM 24A
B5 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Belimo NM 230A
B6 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Belimo NM 24A SR
J4 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Joventa DAS 1
J5 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Joventa DAS 2
ÏÏ J6 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Joventa DMS 1.1
]ËÏÂÌflÂÚcfl ‰Îfl ‚cÂı ‚‡ˇÌÚÓ‚ ÛcÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍË D, K Ë E.
ÑÎfl ‚cÂı ‚‡ˇÌÚÓ‚ ÛcÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍË ‡ÁÏÂ L3 ‡‚ÂÌ 250 ÏÏ.

• P„ÛÎËÓ‚‡ÌË c ÔÓÏÓ˘¸˛
˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰‡ ÔË ÛcÚ‡ÌÓ‚Í ‚ cÚÂÌÂ
NB4 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Belimo NM 24A
NB5 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Belimo NM 230A
NB6 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Belimo NM 24A SR
NJ4 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Joventa DAS 1
NJ5 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Joventa DAS 2
NJ6 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Joventa DMS 1.1
]ËÏÂÌflÂÚcfl ‰Îfl ‚cÂı ‚‡ˇÌÚÓ‚ ÛcÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍË D, K Ë
E Ë ÚËÔÓ‡ÁÏÂÓ‚: 160, 200, 250, 315 Ë 400. ÑÎfl
‚cÂı ‚‡ˇÌÚÓ‚ ÛcÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍË ‡ÁÏÂ L3
ÏÏ
‡‚ÂÌ 450 ÏÏ.
223
CO]ãOÇõE ÇOáÑYïOPAC]PEÑEãàTEãà V[-5

CÔÓcÓ·˚ „ÛÎËÓ‚‡ÌËfl:
• P„ÛÎËÓ‚‡ÌË c ÔÓÏÓ˘¸˛
˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰‡ ÔË Â„Ó ‚ÌÛÚÂÌÌÂÈ
ÛcÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍÂ

G4 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Gruner 223D-024-150 (24 VAC)


G5 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Gruner 223D-230-150 (230 VAC)
G6 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Gruner 223F-024-150 (24 VAC/DC)

]ËÏÂÌflÂÚcfl ‰Îfl ‚cÂı ‚‡ˇÌÚÓ‚ ÛcÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍË D,


K Ë E Ë ÚËÔÓ‡ÁÏÂÓ‚: 160, 200, 250, 315 Ë 400.
ÑÎfl ‚cÂı ‚‡ˇÌÚÓ‚ ÛcÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍË ‡ÁÏÂ L3
ÏÏ
‡‚ÂÌ 550 ÏÏ.

O·‡Áˆ Á‡Í‡Á‡:
V[-5 / D / R / C0 ‡ÁÏ. 160

Cڇ̉‡ÚÌ˚ ÚËÔÓ‡ÁÏÂ˚ 100, 125, 160, 200, 250, 315, 400

C0 Ó·‡·ÓÚ‡ÌÌ˚È, ̇ÚÛ‡Î¸Ì˚È ˆ‚ÂÚ ‡Î˛ÏËÌËfl (C0)


RAL cڇ̉‡ÚÌ˚È ˆ‚ÂÚ RAL 9010 (30% ·ÎÂc͇)
(ÔÓ Ú·ӂ‡Ì˲ Á‡Í‡Á˜Ë͇ β·ÓÈ ˆ‚ÂÚ cӄ·cÌÓ Ô‡ÎËÚ RAL)

R Û˜ÌÓ „ÛÎËÓ‚‡ÌËÂ
B4 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Belimo NM 24A cÓ ‚cÚ‡‚ÍÓÈ
B5 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Belimo NM 230A cÓ ‚cÚ‡‚ÍÓÈ
B6 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Belimo NM 24A SR cÓ ‚cÚ‡‚ÍÓÈ
J4 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Joventa DAS 1 cÓ ‚cÚ‡‚ÍÓÈ
J5 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Joventa DAS 2 cÓ ‚cÚ‡‚ÍÓÈ
J6 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Joventa DMS 1.1 cÓ ‚cÚ‡‚ÍÓÈ
NB4 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Belimo NM 24A ÛcÚ‡Ìӂ͇ ‚ cÚÂÌÂ*
NB5 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Belimo NM 230A ÛcÚ‡Ìӂ͇ ‚ cÚÂÌ *
NB6 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Belimo NM 24A SR ÛcÚ‡Ìӂ͇ ‚ cÚÂÌÂ*
NJ4 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰Joventa DAS 1 ÛcÚ‡Ìӂ͇ ‚ cÚÂÌÂ*
NJ5 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Joventa DAS 2 ÛcÚ‡Ìӂ͇ ‚ cÚÂÌÂ*
NJ6 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Joventa DMS 1.1 ÛcÚ‡Ìӂ͇ ‚ cÚÂÌÂ*
G4 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Gruner 223D-024-150 (24 VAC; ON-OFF)*
G5 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Gruner 223D-230-150 (230 VAC; ON-OF)*
G6 ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔË‚Ó‰ Gruner 223F-024-150 (24 VAC/DC; SR)*

V ·ÂÁ ‚cÚ‡‚ÍË - ÍÂÔÎÂÌË ÚÂÏfl ‚ËÌÚ‡ÏË


D ÛcÚ‡Ìӂ͇ ‚ ÍÛ„Î˚È ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‚Ó‰ (cΉÛÂÚ Û͇Á‡Ú¸ ‰Ë‡ÏÂÚ φDc)
K ÛcÚ‡Ìӂ͇ ‚ ÔflÏÓÛ„ÓθÌ˚È ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‚Ó‰
E ÛcÚ‡Ìӂ͇ ‚ ÚÓˆÂ ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‚Ó‰‡
* àcÔÓÎÌÂÌË ‚ÓÁÏÓÊÌÓ ÚÓθÍÓ ‰Îfl cÓÔÂÎ ‡ÁÏÂÓ‚ 160, 200, 250, 315 in 400.

224
CO]ãOÇõE ÇOáÑYïOPAC]PEÑEãàTEãà V[-5 TEïHà≤ECäàE ïAPAäTEPàCTàäà

CÍÓÓcÚ¸ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ̇ ÓcË cÚÛË Ë ‰ÎË̇ ‚˚·Óc‡


10
P‡ÒxÓ‰ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûx‡ (Î/Ò)

15
20

ÑÎ
Ë Ì‡
‚˚
·
ÓÒ
‡L
30

=5

)

6
50

8
10
12
70

15
1
20 7
100

25
30
150
200 300
160 5 00
00

315 000
00
4
200 7
1
100
125

250

400

0.20 0.25 0.30 0.40 0.50 0.70 1.00 1.20 1.50 2.00 2.50
TËÔÓ‡ÁÏÂ C‰Ìflfl ÒÍÓÓÒÚ¸ ̇ ‡ÒÒÚÓflÌËË VL (Ï/Ò)

OÚÍÎÓÌÂÌË ‚ÓÁ‰Û¯ÌÓÈ c‰˚

OÚÍÎÓÌÂÌË ‚ÓÁ‰Û¯ÌÓÈ ÒÚÛË ± Û (Ï)

0.20 0.3 0.5 0.7 1.0 1.5 2.0 3.0 5.0 7.0 10.0 15.0 20.0

K
+2
t= -
K
+ -4
K
ÑÎ

+ -6
ËÌ

K
‡‚

+ -10
˚·

K
Ó

+ -15
Ò‡
L=
30

)
25
20
17
15
12
10
8
6
5

100
125 10
160
15
200 20
TËÔÓ‡ÁÏÂ

250 30
315
50 70 100 150 200 300 400 500 700 100
0
400

P‡ÒxÓ‰ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûx‡ (Î/Ò)

225
CO]ãOÇõE ÇOáÑYïOPAC]PEÑEãàTEãà V[-5 TEïHà≤ECäàE ïAPAäTEPàCTàäà

]ÂÂÔ‡‰ ‰‡‚ÎÂÌËfl Ë ÛÓ‚Â̸ ¯Ûχ

00
1
ÁÏÂ
1500
]ÂÂÔ‡‰ ‰‡‚ÎÂÌËfl P (]‡)

Ó‡
TËÔ

1000

125
700

160
500

200

250
300

315

400
LWA
200 50 ‰[
150 45 ‰
[
40 ‰
100 [
35 ‰
[
)

30 ‰
(A)

50
A ‰[

[
LW (

25 ‰
[
30
20 ‰[
20
15

10
20 30 50 70 100 150 200 300 500 700 1000
P‡ÒxÓ‰ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûx‡ (Î/Ò)

226