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Code No: RR210302 Set No.

1
II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, November 2007
BASIC ELECTRONICS
( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Production Engineering and
Automobile Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
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1. (a) Draw and explain the energy band diagrams of conductor, semiconductor and
insulator.
(b) Draw the V- I characteristics of an ideal diode. Distinguish between avalanche
and zener break down. [8+8]

2. (a) Explain how the transistor acts as an amplifier


(b) Define
i. Emitter efficiency
ii. Transport factor
iii. Large signal current gain and
iv. Emitter resistance. [6+10]

3. (a) What are the advantages and disadvantages of negative feed back in amplifiers.
(b) Explain the effects of Negative feedback in an amplifier on,
i. Distortion,
ii. Stability of transfer function. [8+8]

4. (a) Compare transistor timer with relay load control and SCR delay timer.
(b) Draw the circuit diagram of asynchronous welding control system and explain.
[8+8]

5. (a) Explain the application of induction heating for


i. Brazing and
ii. Annealing of Brass and Bronze items.
(b) Discuss the selection of suitable electrodes for dielectric heating. [8+8]

6. (a) Explain magnetic deflection system employed for deflecting the beam in CRO.
Derive the expression for magnetic deflection sensitivity.
(b) Explain the need of coating the screen with fluorescent materials and list
different fluorescent materials commonly used. [8+8]

7. (a) Write an assembly program to add two 8-bit numbers.


(b) Explain the functions of an ALU. [8+8]

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Code No: RR210302 Set No. 1
8. (a) What are the advantages of R-2R ladder technique over binary weighted re-
sistor technique?
(b) Obtain an expression for the O/P voltage of R-2R DAC. [8+8]

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Code No: RR210302 Set No. 2
II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, November 2007
BASIC ELECTRONICS
( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Production Engineering and
Automobile Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) Draw the atomic structure for P and N type semiconductors. Explain about
minority and majority carriers.
(b) Draw Bridge rectifier circuit and explain the working of it. What are the
advantages of it over the full wave rectifier with centre tapped transformer?
[8+8]

2. (a) Draw the circuit diagram of a transistor in C- E mode and draw and explain
its input and output characteristics.
(b) Draw and explain the EBERS -MOLL model for a n-p-n transistor. [8+8]

3. (a) Distinguish between voltage feedback and current feedback. How could you
check whether a given feedback is current feedback or voltage feedback?
(b) Define Bandwidth and gain bandwidth product of an amplifier. Why are these
parameters important in the study of performance of an amplifier? [8+8]

4. (a) Compare and contrast the following timers


i. Thermal Timers
ii. Electromechanical Timers
iii. Mechanical Timers
iv. Electrochemical Timers
(b) Explain
i. Bimetal strip timers
ii. Thermal expansion timers [8+8]

5. (a) Discuss important applications of induction heating.


(b) Briefly explain the principle of dielectric heating? Explain what is loss factor.
[8+8]

6. (a) Draw the block diagram of CRO and explain the function of each block.
(b) Derive the expression for the electro-static deflection sensitivity of a cathode
ray tube. [8+8]

7. (a) What are the functional units of central processing unit. Briefly explain each
of them.

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Code No: RR210302 Set No. 2
(b) What is stack? What are its functions? [8+8]

8. (a) Define the terms with reference to DAC:


i. Linearity error
ii. Offset error
iii. Gain error.
(b) Compare the performance of various ADCs. [9+7]

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Code No: RR210302 Set No. 3
II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, November 2007
BASIC ELECTRONICS
( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Production Engineering and
Automobile Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) Define the terms


i. Mobility
ii. Conductivity
iii. Current density and
iv. Carrieer concentration with reference to semi conductor materials.
(b) Define the ripple factor. Calculate the value of ripple factor for half wave
rectifier. [8+8]

2. (a) Derive the generalized transistor equation in CB configuration.


IC = −αIE + ICO (1 − eVC /VT )
(b) Draw the V- I characteristics of S C R. Explain its application in oscillator
circuits. [8+8]

3. (a) What are the advantages and disadvantages of negative feed back in amplifiers.
(b) Explain the effects of Negative feedback in an amplifier on,
i. Distortion,
ii. Stability of transfer function. [8+8]

4. (a) Explain the operations of spring loaded bimetal thermal timer and thermal
delay relay timer.
(b) What are the applications of timing circuits. [8+8]

5. (a) Discuss important applications of induction heating.


(b) Briefly explain the principle of dielectric heating? Explain what is loss factor.
[8+8]

6. (a) Draw the block diagram of CRO and explain the function of each block.
(b) Derive the expression for the electro-static deflection sensitivity of a cathode
ray tube. [8+8]

7. (a) What are the various general purpose registers? Explain.


(b) What are the functions of the accumulator and program counter?
(c) What are various flags in 8085 microprocessor? [6+5+5]

8. (a) Which is the fastest ADC and why?

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Code No: RR210302 Set No. 3
(b) What do you mean by quantization error in A-to-D converters?
(c) Define the terms
i. Stability
ii. Accuracy
iii. Conversion time
iv. Settling time. [5+5+6]

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Code No: RR210302 Set No. 4
II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, November 2007
BASIC ELECTRONICS
( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Production Engineering and
Automobile Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) Explain the effect of temperature on V-I characterististics of p-n junction


diode.
(b) Derive the expression of ripple factor for full wave rectifier with capacitor filter.
[8+8]

2. (a) Prove that for CE transistor in active region the collector current is given by
IC = β IB + (1 + β) ICO
(b) Define
i. Emitter efficiency
ii. Base-transport factor and
iii. Dynamic emitter resistance [8+8]

3. (a) Draw a JFET RC phase shift oscillator and derive the expression for the
frequency of the oscillation.
(b) Draw the emitter follower circuit. What is the feedback employed in the
emitter follower. Explain the effect of this feed back on input and output
impedances. [8+8]

4. (a) Briefly explain the operation of electromechanical timers.


(b) Discuss important controls used in resistance welding. [8+8]

5. (a) Discuss important applications of induction heating.


(b) Briefly explain the principle of dielectric heating? Explain what is loss factor.
[8+8]

6. (a) Explain magnetic deflection system employed for deflecting the beam in CRO.
Derive the expression for magnetic deflection sensitivity.
(b) Explain the need of coating the screen with fluorescent materials and list
different fluorescent materials commonly used. [8+8]

7. (a) What are the specifications of microprocessors? Give the specifications of 8085
microprocessor.
(b) Mention some of applications of micro processors. [10+6]

8. (a) Explain the principle of operation R -2R type D-to-A converter.

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Code No: RR210302 Set No. 4
(b) What are its advantages? [8+8]

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