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УДК 373.167.1:811.

111
ББК 81.2Англ–922
Б59

Аудиоприложение к учебнику доступно на https://drofa-ventana.ru/audio

Учебно-методический комплект Enjoy English / «Английский 


с удовольствием» для 5 класса состоит из следующих компонентов:
• учебника
• книги для учителя
• рабочей тетради
• аудиоприложения

Биболетова, М. З.
Б59 Английский язык : 5 класс : учебник для общеобразовательных орга-
низаций / М. З. Биболетова, О. А. Денисенко, Н. Н. Трубанева. — 2-е изд. ,
стереотип. — М. : Дрофа, 2018. — 200 с. : ил. — (Enjoy English / «Английский
с удовольствием»).
ISBN 978-5-358-20724-0
Учебно-методический комплект Enjoy English / «Английский с удовольствием»
(5 класс) является частью учебного курса Enjoy English / «Английский с удовольствием» для
2—11 классов общеобразовательных организаций.
Учебник основывается на современных методических принципах и отвечает требова-
ниям, предъявляемым к учебникам начала третьего тысячелетия. Тематика и аутентичный
материал, используемые в учебнике, отобраны с учётом интересов и возрастных особенно-
стей пятиклассников.
Учебник состоит из четырёх разделов, каждый из которых рассчитан на одну учебную
четверть. Разделы завершаются заданиями для самопроверки (Progress Check), позволяю-
щими учащимся оценить достигнутый ими уровень овладения языком.
Учебник соответствует Федеральному государственному образовательному стандарту
основного общего образования.
УДК 373.167.1:811.111
ББК 81.2Англ–922

© Биболетова М. З., Денисенко О. А. , Трубанева Н. Н., 2016


ISBN 978-5-358-20724-0 © ООО «ДРОФА», 2016
Contents

CONTENTS

Section Grammar focus Function Vocabulary

UNIT 1 1. School Life The Present / The Past / Talking about school School subjects
The Future Simple Talking about past events Classroom
Welcome
(review) Making comparisons School day
to Our
Making polite requests
School
Page 6
2. Best Wishes Word formation Talking about school School life
to Russian (to work = work) Expressing opinions
Students Modal verbs: may, can,
could (review)

3. My Summer Word formation Talking about summer Summer holidays


Holidays (to work = work) holidays in the country /
(review) Describing negative at the seaside
The Past Simple and positive features Famous people
(review) Stating facts
Many / a lot of / a few /
much / a little

4. Places of Adjectives (degrees Talking about summer Summer holidays


Interest of comparison) holidays City / town /
to Visit (review) Describing places village
Prepositions

5. The Best Word formation Talking about school School clubs


School (suffixes -er, -or, -ist; clubs Advertising
Club noun + man) Talking about hobbies
I like to do = I like doing Giving reasons
Tag-questions and explanations
Stating likes / dislikes

6. School Tag-questions (review) Talking about School life


Rules Imperative Mood Self-Regulation Day School day
Writing rules for teachers School subjects
and students School uniform
Expressing opinions
Giving reasons

7. British Plural nouns (review) Talking about British School day


Schools school Family
Describing school
uniform
Making comparisons
Discussing pros
and cons

Homework

Key vocabulary

Progress check

Project “About My School”

3
Contents

Section Grammar focus Function Vocabulary

UNIT 2 1. An Word formation Talking about Personal


Invitation (suffix -tion) the invitation letter information
We Are
Letter Modal verb shall Arranging a party, Health
Going to
a picnic
London
Making suggestions
Page 50 Storytelling
2. Getting To be going to do Talking about plans Personal
Ready something Talking about hobbies information
for a Visit Seeking factual Holidays
information Travelling
Hobbies
3. What Is The Present Continuous Describing actions Family
She Doing? (Progressive) Talking about New Year School life
Holidays
4. Winter Talking about winter Seasons
Holidays holidays Weather
Describing actions Winter holidays
Making comparisons
Expressing wishes

Homework

Key vocabulary

Progress check

Project “Winter Holidays”

UNIT 3 1. Enjoy the Article the Talking about London City / Town
Sightseeing! The Present Simple and and places of interest Places of interest
Visiting
the Present Continuous Making comparisons
London
(Progressive): love, Describing actions
Page 84 need, want etc.
2. Walking Article: the Talking about London City / Town
Around Wh-questions (review) Describing actions Places of interest
London Tag-questions (review) and places
3. Have You I’ve been to ... Asking for directions City / Town
Ever Been Word formation Expressing apologies Places of interest
to...? (suffix -er) (review) Describing places
Expressing opinions
4. A Wonder- Forms of the verbs Describing actions City / Town
ful View Participle I and places Places of interest
and Participle II Storytelling
Wh-questions (review)
5. Worth The Present Perfect Describing actions City / Town
Visiting and places Places of interest
Talking about places At home
of interest
6. Enjoy the The Present Perfect Talking about food Parties
Party! The Past Simple and tastes Eating and
(review) Talking about a birthday drinking
party
Being polite during
the meals

4
Contents

Section Grammar focus Function Vocabulary

7. Talking Word formation Talking about famous Biographies


about (suffixes -ist, -ian, -ect) people Books
British (review) Talking about books
Writers Making comparisons
Expressing opinions

Homework

Key vocabulary

Progress check

Project “Welcome to My Town!”

UNIT 4 1. Writing Tag-questions (review) Giving / Getting Personal


Letters The Present Simple and personal information information
Family
the Present Continuous Describing places Families
Talks
(Progressive) Characteristics
Page 136
2. Describing Word formation Giving / Getting Personal
the Family (un-, im-, in-, non-) personal information information
(review) Describing people Families
Stating likes / Dislikes Characteristics
Make comparisons
3. Have You The Past Simple Describing people Pets
Got a Pet? (review) Expressing opinions Appearance
Giving reasons
Storytelling
4. Different The Present Simple / Giving / Getting Hobbies
Hobbies The Present Continuous personal information Friends
(Progressive) / The Talking about friends
Present Perfect (review) Expressing opinions
5. I Am To be going to do Giving / Getting Families
Going to something personal information Jobs
Be ... (review) Talking about jobs
Seeking factual
information

Homework

Key vocabulary

Progress check

Project “Different Hobbies”

APPENDIXES УСЛОВНЫЕ ОБОЗНАЧЕНИЯ


Appendix 1. Grammar Reference . . . . . . . . 166 — текст для аудирования
Appendix 2. List of Irregular Verbs . . . . . . . 170
— работа в парах
Appendix 3. Learning Strategies . . . . . . . . . 173
Appendix 4. Cultural Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 — работа в группах
Vocabulary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 — задание повышенной сложности

5
1 WELCOME TO OUR SCHOOL
SECTION 1 School Life

1 Listen and say where Chris is from. Guess what the date is today.

2 Listen, read and act out.


Egor: Hi, Sveta! It’s nice to see you again. This is Chris.
Chris: Good morning! Nice to meet you, Sveta!
Sveta: Hello! Nice to meet you, Chris!
Egor: Chris is from Britain. He will be in our class.
Sveta: Now we’ll have 12 boys and 12 girls in our class.
Chris: That’s great!
Sveta: Let’s have a look at our new timetable!

3 Look at the school timetables. Say what time each lesson starts
and finishes on Wednesday.

Time Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday

9.00—9.45 Russian English Maths Nature Maths


Studies

9.50—10.35 Literature History Russian Russian Literature

10.40—11.25 Maths Music Nature Maths Nature


Studies Studies

6
SECTION 1
UNIT  1 Section 1

Time Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday

Long break Lunch Lunch Lunch Lunch Lunch

11.45—12.30 Art Russian English Art Russian

12.35—13.20 Maths Physical Information History English


Education Technology
(P.E.) (I.T.)

PRONUNCIATION FOCUS GRAMMAR FOCUS:


THE PRESENT, PAST, FUTURE SIMPLE
4 Listen, repeat and read.
5 Read and make up new sentences
[eɪ] — break, education, nature, using the table. Use the Grammar
information Reference if necessary.
[ʌ] — lunch, subject, Russian, studies,
Monday Present I meet my school friends
[ʤ] — project, page, June, July, Simple every day.
technology
Past I enjoyed my summer
[ʧ] — chair, nature, March, lunch,
Simple holidays.
literature
Future We will have 28 students
Simple in our class this school year.
6 Say what subjects you have today /
had yesterday / will have tomorrow.
8 Listen, repeat and read.
7 Tell Chris what you usually do
in the lessons. 1. Will he be in our class? — No, he won’t.
2. Where is she from? — She is from Great
Use: write, count, ask questions, sing Britain.
songs, read a lot, listen to stories, learn by 3. Did they have good summer holidays? —
heart, draw, answer questions, discuss Yes, they did.
Example: We ask and answer questions in 4. Is it nice to have new subjects this
our English lessons. school year? — Yes, it is.

9 Work in pairs. Discuss your school subjects.


a) Answer the following questions.
1. Will you have lessons on Saturdays?
2. Does your teacher of Maths give you a lot of homework?
3. Did you have I.T. last year?
4. What did you do in the P.E. last year?
5. Why do you like English lessons?

b) Make up your own questions about school life


and ask them your classmates.
Use: Do you ...? Does he / she ...? Did you ...? Will you ...?
7
UNIT  1 Section 1

10 Complete Chris’s message to his teacher using am, is or are.

To: Julia Nelson 2nd September 2016


From: Christopher Moll
Title: My Russian School

Dear Mrs Nelson,


How are you?
I am fine. My family and I . . . in Russia this year. My dad . . . a journalist
and he has got an interesting job here. I like my new Russian school.
It . . . big and modern. I . . . a newcomer in the class. I’ve got a new
timetable. There . . . many interesting subjects. I like I.T. best of all!
I . . . happy because I made two new friends. They . . . Sveta and Egor. Now there . . .
12 boys and 12 girls in the class. Today we had five lessons. But we didn’t get any
marks. During the breaks today my classmates asked me many questions about my
old school in Britain. After our classes Sveta and Egor explained the History and
Literature homework to me. I hope I will get only good marks in my new school.
Send warm wishes to my classmates
in London! LOOK AND LEARN!
Best wishes, a timetable [ˈtaɪmˌteɪbl] — расписание
Chris Moll a subject [ˈsʌbʤekt] — школьный предмет
I.T. (Information Technologies) — информатика
a mark [mɑ:k] — оценка
a break [breɪk] — перемена
History [ˈhɪstri] — история
Literature [ˈlɪtrəʧə] — литература

11 Read Chris’s message once again and answer the following questions.
1. Does Chris like his Russian school?
2. Is he happy? Why?
3. How many lessons did Chris have on Tuesday?
4. What did he and his classmates do during the breaks?
5. What did Sveta and Egor do after classes?
6. Does Chris want to be a good student in his new school?
12 Listen to the dialogue and say which holidays Sveta likes best of all.
13 Read the dialogue and answer the questions.
1. How many times a year do students have their holidays?
2. What is Chris’s favourite season?
3. What are your favourite holidays? Why?
Chris: Sveta, tell me about the school holidays in Russia, please.
Sveta: We have four holidays each school year. Our holidays last one week in
autumn, two weeks in winter and one week in spring. And there are summer
holidays, of course!
Chris: And when are the longest holidays?
Sveta: The longest holidays are in summer. They last three months! June, July and
August. They are my favourite months!
Chris: That’s great! Summer is my favourite season, too!
8
UNIT  1 Section 1

WORD FOCUS 15 Fill in the gaps with speak, say


or tell. Use them in the correct form.
14 Read, compare and learn.
A.
to speak — говорить, выступать
a) Do you speak Spanish?  — No, 1. He’ll tell us about his visit to Omsk.
I don’t. I only speak English. 2. Betsy ... that she doesn’t like the Art
b) Speak slowly, please. I don’t lessons.
understand you. 3. “You have got so many questions!” our
c) Will she speak at the meeting teacher ... yesterday.
tomorrow? — I think she will. 4. German students ... English well.
to say — сказать, говорить (что-либо) 5. My granny always ... me that I should
a) He says that he is happy to be back get only good marks at school.
in Russia. 6. “Can I ... to Chris, please?”  — “I’m
b) She didn’t say anything about her afraid he is not at home.”
trip to England.
c) They say: “An apple a day keeps the B.
doctor away.” Julia Nelson, our English teacher, ... us
to tell  — говорить (кому-либо), about her visit to Russia. She ... us that she
рассказать (что-либо) liked Moscow very much. “You can ask
a) Tell us about your summer holidays, me any questions you like,” she ... . “Do
Fred. Russian students ... English well?” we
b) My mum told me to buy some bread asked. “Yes, Russian students ... English
after school. very well. They ... me many interesting
c) Tell the story about your last visit to things about Moscow.” She ... that we
the zoo. would visit Russia next year.

16 Make up sentences.

ask a lot of questions


learn new words in the
I talk loudly classroom.
We usually run between the desks in the lesson.
My classmates often discuss different problems during the
Girls sometimes draw funny pictures on break.
Boys seldom the board in the school
Teachers run around in the classroom yard.
have a cup of tea and a sandwich after classes.
play football

PRONUNCIATION FOCUS

17 Listen, repeat and read.


[ə] — computer, ruler, rubber, answer, [ʊ] — put, woman, good, look, textbook,
teacher workbook
[e] — pen, pencil, tell, letter, desk [i:] — clean, e-mail, need, week, read,
[u:] — do, two, ruler, school, classroom please
[ju:] — new, pupil, during, computer, [aɪ] — ride, bike, timetable, blinds,
super, use surprise

9
UNIT  1 Section 1

18 Read the dialogue and say what Chris and his friends see in the classroom.
Sveta: Come in!
Chris: What a nice classroom! Oh, there are many plants here!
Egor: Yes, Sveta waters them during the break.
Sveta: We like our plants very much. Chris, look at the photos! Do you like
them? We took these photos last year during our trip to Tver.
Chris: Yes! The photos are very nice. I like taking photos, too!
Egor: Oh, look! There is a new computer with a multimedia projector! This
year we can watch films in our English lessons in this classroom.
Sveta: It will be better now with the new blinds on the windows. There were
no blinds before the summer. What a nice surprise!
Chris: There are many books on the bookshelves. Can I borrow some of
them? I enjoy reading Russian books.
Sveta: Sure. You are welcome to them.
Egor: There is a new computer classroom with the
Internet in our school this year. You can use LOOK AND LEARN!
the computer during the break.
Chris: Oh, great! I just need to check my e-mail. to borrow [ˈbɒrəʊ] — брать взаймы,
Egor: OK. Let’s go! на время

19 Look at the pictures and compare the classrooms.


Example: There were no blinds on the windows last year.
Now there are white blinds on the windows.

before the summer

10
UNIT  1 Section 1

20 Say what you / your classmate would


like to have in your classroom.
Example: I would like to have an exotic
plant in our classroom. after the summer
Egor would like to have the Internet in our
classroom.
24 Fill in the gaps with speak, say
21 Write about your classroom: or tell. Use the correct tense forms
what you have there now and of the verbs.
what you would like to have there.
1. Chris ... that he is from Great Britain.
22 Listen, choose and say what Chris 2. My classmates ... me about a newcomer
liked on his first day at school. in the class yesterday.
1. He liked the weather very much. 3. Yesterday my grandpa ... us about his
2. He liked his teacher very much. first day at school.
3. He liked his homework very much. 4. Don’t ... so loudly in the classroom.
5. Tomorrow she ... us about her visit to
GRAMMAR FOCUS: Africa.
THE PRESENT, PAST, FUTURE SIMPLE 6. Many students from our class can ...
23 Answer the questions. Use the German well.
Grammar Reference if necessary.
1. Do you remember your first day at PRONUNCIATION FOCUS
school?
2. Do your classmates remember their 25 Listen, repeat and read.
first day at school? [ju:] — you, computer, new, news,
3. Do you usually get a lot of homework few
on the first day at school? [i:] — we, please, she, read, meet,
4. Did you get any marks on the first speak, teacher
day at school? [ʊ] — good, book, full, put, look
5. Will you have many lessons tomor- [e] — very, tell, desk, welcome,
row / the day after tomorrow? lesson, letter

11
UNIT  1 Section 1

26 Look at the pictures and match them with the phrases.

b) make a v
ideo of som e) go home at 12.00
а) have a few lessons ebody

kfast
c) have brea f) clean teeth

d) put on clothes
rents
g) get up ea
rly h) go to school with pa

a holiday
i) be tired j) celebrate

1 2 3 4

5 6 7

8 9 10

12
UNIT  1 Section 1

27 Complete the text with the correct forms


of the verbs in brackets.

Fred got up (get up) early. He ... (clean) his teeth and ... (have) breakfast. It ...
(be) 7.30 a.m., the 1st of September. It ... (be) his first day at school. He ... (put
on) his new school uniform and ... (take) flowers for the teacher. He ... (go) to
school with his parents. His father ... (make) a video of him when he ... (give) the
flowers to the teacher. That day he had just a few lessons and ... (come) home
early. After lunch he ... (go) for a walk with his new friend Tony. They ... (speak)
about their first day at school. Then they ... (tell) each other about their summers.
It was late and the new classmates went home. Fred ... (say), “Goodbye, see you
tomorrow.” And Tony said, “OK, see you, bye.” Fred was tired but happy.

28 Answer the questions.


BE POLITE!
1. Why did Fred get up early on the 1st of
September? 30 Read and remember.
2. What did his father do at school? When you need something, say:
3. What did the boys speak about after Could you give / show / me ...?
lunch? Could I use / take ...?

29 Say what you liked best of all Saying thank you


on the first day at school this year. For something small:
Compare it with your first day at school Thanks. / Thank you.
five years ago.
For something more important:
Use: get up early, wear a school uniform,
carry a new schoolbag, be happy to meet Thank you very much.
old friends, make new friends, get a new That was kind of you.
timetable, get good marks, talk with my I’m very grateful.
friends during the breaks, take pictures — Could you help me to repair my com-
(make a video) of my classmates and puter?
teachers, give flowers to the teachers, have — Of course. Let’s do it on Sunday.
many (a few) lessons, have lunch, have fun — OK. Thanks.
during the break

31 Work in pairs. Read the situations and make up dialogues for them.
1.
Student 1: You need a pen and a workbook. Ask your classmate to lend them to you.
Student 2: You have a pen and a workbook. Lend them to your friend.
2.
Student 1: You want to help to do the washing-up after lunch.
Student 2: You are very busy. Thank your friend for helping.
3.
Student 1: You are ill. You have a headache.
Student 2: Offer your friend a cup of hot tea with a chocolate.

32 Write about your first day at school.


13
SECTION 2 Best Wishes to Russian Students

33 Listen and say why Chris is happy.

34 Read and act out the dialogue.


Sveta: Hello! Chris, you look very happy today.
Chris: Well, I think it’s because of Mrs Nelson. I’ve got a letter from her.
Sveta: Oh, that’s great! Mrs Nelson was our favourite English teacher!
She taught us English last year. What does she say in her letter?
Chris: No idea. I didn’t want to open it and read it by myself. Let’s do it
together.
Sveta: Do you want me to read it aloud?
Chris: Yes, please, of course!
Sveta: Hurry up, then!1

35 Match the words to make the phrases.

e) an invitation
1. to stay a) English
2. to miss
3. to teach f) girls and boys
b) the story
4. to get
5. to see
6. to enjoy in
c) in Russia g) you aga
7. to speak
8. to tell
d) friends h) holidays

36 Read and remember.


Noun Существительное Verb Глагол
finish финиш / конец finish заканчивать
help помощь help помогать
hope надежда hope надеяться
show представление show показывать
start начало / старт start начинать
stay остановка stay оставаться
wish желание wish хотеть / желать
work работа work работать

1
Hurry up, then! — Поспешим тогда!
14
SECTION 2
UNIT  1 Section 2

37 Read and say what Mrs Nelson suggested to Chris and his new classmates.

To: Chris Moll


From: Julia Nelson
Title: Invitation letter

Dear Chris,
Thank you for your letter. I’m glad that you
started the new school year well. I hope your
Russian will improve in your new school. I’m sure
that you will like the new school and your new
classmates, because I know them well. I worked
there, you know. And it was a pleasure for me
to teach Russian boys and girls. They are very
similar to English students1: happy, bright and
a bit lazy!
Here in London your classmates and I miss you very much. Without you, there are
now 19 girls and boys in my class. I wish I were in Russia now2. I told the class about
my stay in Russia. I showed them some photos and described my Russian students.
We would like to invite your new friends to London. What do you think of that idea?
We will send the invitation letter soon. It will be great to see my Russian students
again.
What’s the news? Did you enjoy your summer holidays? Do you like your new
subjects? Who is the new English teacher in your class this year? Do you like your
new textbooks? I hope your new friends Egor and Sveta will help you with your
Russian. They were my best students and they speak English very well.
I hope to hear from you in the near future.
Give my best wishes to your teachers and classmates,
Julia Nelson

LOOK AND LEARN!

to improve [ɪmˈpru:v]  — улучшать,


совершенствовать
to miss [mɪs] — скучать
to invite [ɪnˈvaɪt] — приглашать
an invitation letter [ˌɪnvɪˈteɪʃn ˈletə] —
письмо-приглашение

1
They are very similar to English students. — Они очень похожи на английских
учеников.
2
I wish I were in Russia now. — Мне бы очень хотелось оказаться в России.

15
UNIT  1 Section 2

38 Read the letter once again and find five words, which you can use as a noun
and as a verb.
Example: hope (надежда) — to hope (надеяться)

GRAMMAR FOCUS: MODAL VERBS

39 Read and remember.


can — выражает способность что-то делать
a) Can you run? — Yes, I can run very fast.
b) I can play tennis but I can’t ride a bike.
can — выражает вежливую просьбу
a) Can I borrow your textbook, please? — Here you are.
b) Can I go to the party? — Yes, you can. But don’t stay up late.
could — выражает вежливую просьбу сделать что-то
a) Could you give me a cup of tea, please? — Yes, of course. Here you are.
b) Could you open the window, please? — No, I’m afraid not. It’s very cold today.
could — выражает способность что-то делать в прошлом
Could you swim when you were six? — No, I couldn’t but I could ride a bike.
may — выражает разрешение / личную просьбу
a) May I come in? — Yes, you may.
b) May I ask you a question? — Yes, please, do.

40 Work in pairs. Ask your partner if you can / could / may:


come in, sit down, open the window, water flowers, use his / her book, help him /
her, switch on / off video (MP3 player, TV), borrow his / her rubber, go out, close
the door.
Example: Can I ...? — Yes, of course. Could you ...? — No, I’m afraid not. May I ...? — Sure.

41 Match the questions with the answers.

1. Can you speak German? a) Sure, but be back by 10 o’clock.


2. May I go out tonight? b) Yes, I can, I know this language very well.
3. Dad, could I borrow your car, c) No, I’m sorry. I’m afraid you are not old
please? enough.
4. Fred, can I take this pencil, please? d) Yes, of course. And I hope to hear from
5. Could you write me an e-mail, you, too.
please? e) No, I’m afraid not. I need it to draw
a picture.

42 Work in pairs. Make up your own questions. Use Ex. 41 to help you.

43 Imagine you are one of Julia Nelson’s students.


Answer the questions from her letter (Ex. 37). Write down your answers.
16
SECTION 3 My Summer Holidays

44 Listen, choose and say what the students decided to do.


o.
The students decided ...
a) to visit some places in Russia.
b) to write about some places in Russia.
c) to spend their summer holidays in Russia.
45 Read Egor’s letter. Put the verbs in brackets
in the past simple.

M
Moscow
Russia
24th September 2016
Dear
D Linda,
L d
Thank you for your message. I think it’s a great idea to visit you
in London. All my classmates will be happy to get the invitation
letter very soon.
I want to write you about my summer holidays. They . . . (be)
great! I spent my holidays in the country. This place is called
Konstantinovo. My granny has a country house there. Konstanti-
novo is near Ryazan, one of the oldest Russian cities. Many years
ago Sergei Yesenin, a great Russian poet, . . . (live) in Konstantinovo.
His mother and his sisters had got a house there. Sergei Yesenin
created many poems in that place. Now it is a museum. There is
a popular tradition to celebrate Sergei Yesenin’s birthday in this
place on the 3rd of October. Many festivals and concerts take
place in Kostantinovo every year.
The weather . . . (be) fine every day. My friends and I spent a lot of time outdoors.
We . . . (swim), . . . (play) and . . . (ride) our bikes. Sometimes we . . . (walk) in the nearby
forest.
In the evening we usually . . . (make) a fire, . . . (play) the guitar and . . . (sing) songs.
I . . . (take) a lot of photos of my friends and me. This one is for you. I hope you’ll
recognize me.
You know I have a sweet tooth, so I . . . (ask) my LOOK AND LEARN!
granny to make some cherry jam. I . . . (help) her
a little to make it. I’ll take some of it to London to spend [spend] (spent) — проводить
with me and you’ll get a chance to taste it. a poet [ˈpəʊɪt] — поэт
Sending you best wishes from Chris and all of to create [kriˈeɪt] — творить, создавать
my classmates, popular [ˈpɒpj͏ələ] — популярный
Egor to recognize [ˈrekəgnaɪz] — узнавать

17
SECTION 3
UNIT  1 Section 3

46 Read the text again and answer 47 Complete the table.


the questions.
Noun / Существительное /
1. Where did Egor spend his summer
verb глагол
holidays?
2. Why did Egor like his holidays? visit / to visit
3. What did Egor do during his stay in надежда / надеяться
Konstantinovo?
taste / to taste
4. When did his friends make a fire?
5. What do you know about Konstanti- желание / хотеть
novo? play / to play

48 Read and translate the word combinations. Use them in your own sentences.
to school friends / parents
abroad (за границу) to miss History lessons
to go
shopping (скучать; a good film
(идти, ехать)
away (уезжать) пропускать) a football match

care of (заботиться о) the holidays


part in (принимать to spend weekends / the weekend
to take
участие в чём-то) (проводить, a lot of time doing
(брать)
place in (происходить тратить) something
где-то / когда-то) money

49 Complete the sentences with the verbs spend, go, miss


or take in the correct forms.
1. Last summer my parents went abroad. I ... my parents very much.
2. My sister Emily likes to ... shopping and ... money.
3. My brother Fred likes to ... the summer holidays in the country. But then he
always ... the summer football matches in our city.
4. My grandpa had a nice puppy. I ... care of it when I stayed in the country.
5. My dad gave me a new camera. So I can ... a lot of pictures now.
6. Our classmates will ... part in our school sports festival.

50 Read the texts, look at the photos and say what you know
about these famous people and the places where they lived.

There is a museum of Victor Vasnetsov, the famous Russian


artist, in “Teremok” in Moscow. Vasnetsov lived there for
many years and created there his famous pictures: “Alenush-
ka”, “Bogatyrs” and others. There are many portraits of his
friends in the museum. They were all talented writers, poets,
artists and singers: Maxim Gorky, Ilya Repin, Fyodor
Shalyapin, Anton Chekhov and others.
LOOK AND LEARN!

an artist [ˈɑ:tɪst] — художник


a portrait [ˈpɔ:trət] — портрет

18
UNIT  1 Section 3

The famous Russian musician Pyotr


Tchaikovsky lived in a place called Klin. It
is not far from Moscow. He created his
last famous works of music there. Now his
house is a well-known museum of Tchai-
kovsky. Every year famous musicians and
singers come to Klin to take part in clas-
sical music concerts.

LOOK AND LEARN!

a musician [mju:ˈzɪʃən] — музыкант


well-known [ˌwel ˈnəʊn] — известный
to take part in — принимать участие в

The famous British writer and artist


Beatrix Potter is the author of “Peter Rab-
bit” books. Nowadays people buy Beatrix
Potter’s books all over the world.
When Beatrix was a small girl, she lived
in London. She often spent her holidays
in Scotland. She loved it very much. Now
there is a museum in Hill Top Farm in
Scotland where she lived for a long time.

LOOK AND LEARN!

famous [ˈfeɪməs] — знаменитый


writer [ˈraɪtə] — писатель

WORD FOCUS

51 Read, translate and remember.


art — an artist
music — a musician
poetry — a poet
science — a scientist
to sing — a singer
to write — a writer

19
UNIT  1 Section 3

52 Look at the pictures and say what these people


are famous for.
Example: William Shakespeare is a famous English writer
and poet.
a) a scientist
b) a singer
c) an artist
d) a writer

1 William Shakespeare

2 Isaac Newton 3 William Turner 4 Joanne K. Rowling 5 John Lennon

53 Listen and say what Chris wanted to know about Russia.


54 Read the dialogue and answer the questions.
1. Where did Sveta spend her summer holidays?
2. Did you spend your last summer holidays at your dacha / in a camp?
Chris: Sveta, I’ve got a question. Could you answer it, please?
Sveta: Yes, of course.
Chris: What is “a dacha”?
Sveta: A dacha is a piece of land, often with a small country house on it. Usually
people grow different plants, vegetables and fruit there.
Chris: Have you got a dacha?
Sveta: Yes, my parents have.
Chris: Did you spend your summer holidays at your dacha?
Sveta: Usually I do. But it’s boring to go there every year. This summer I was in
a holiday camp on the Black Sea.
Chris: Did you enjoy your time on the Black
Sea?
Sveta: Yes, it was hot and sunny. At the camp I LOOK AND LEARN!
sunbathed a lot, swam in the sea, and
vegetables [ˈveʤtəblz] — овощи
played with my new friends. Every day we
fruit [fru:t] — фрукты
had different sports competitions and
to sunbathe [ˈsʌnbeɪð] — загорать
played popular outdoor games.
at the seaside [æt ðə ˈsi:saɪd] —
Chris: That’s great! I like to spend my summer
на побережье
holidays at the seaside too.
20
UNIT  1 Section 3

GRAMMAR FOCUS: 57 Read and fill in the gaps with


MANY, MUCH, A LOT OF, A FEW, A LITTLE a few, a little, many, much, a lot of
in Emily’s weekend diary.
55 Read, translate and remember.
Use the word combinations Saturday
in your own sentences. We arrived (прибыли) in Cambridge
students in the classroom in the early morning. We spent much
books in the bag time there. We visited ... museums,
Many / pens in the pencilbox parks and other places of interest. It’s
a lot of / pencils on the desks strange but we saw ... young people in
a few / few chairs in the room the streets. I wonder, do students
(несколько) trees in the garden study on Saturday?
subjects in your timetable
Sunday
Today we’ll go back home. I think
time there are no towns like Cambridge in
Much / money Britain: where else can you see so ...
a lot of / homework nice old houses? It’s a pity that we
a litte / little water didn’t have ... time to see the town to-
(немного, snow day. I would like to study here very ...!
чуть-чуть) attention
sugar
Remember!
a few; a little — немного (но достаточно)
few; little — мало (недостаточно)

56 Complete the sentences


with the correct words (a—c).
1. Sveta has got ... letters from Chris’s
classmates.
a) little b) many c) much
2. Egor spends ... time at his granny’s
dacha.
a) many b) a few c) a lot of
3. After summer holidays there are ...
changes in her classroom.
a) much b) a few c) a little
4. There are ... museums in Moscow she
didn’t visit. 58 Make up questions for
a) much b) a little c) a few the sentences with the words you put
in Ex. 57.
5. Her French is not very good. She knows
Example: How many ... / much ...?
only ... French words.
a) many b) a few c) a little 59 Tell about your weekend. Say where
6. Ilya has ... homework every day. you went, who you had plans to meet
a) a few b) many c) much with, what you saw, what you did etc.
21
UNIT  1 Section 3

60 Listen, read and repeat


the tongue-twister.

I can think of six thin things, but I can


think of six thick things too.

61 Write your weekend diary.


Use Emily’s diary as a model. (Ex. 57)

62 Listen to the dialogue and say when Chris visited Cyprus.


63 Listen to the dialogue once again and fill in the gaps with the words
from the box.

mountains, visited, at the seaside, sea, like

Sveta: Chris, did you spend your last summer holidays at the seaside?
Chris: No, I didn’t. But I ... Cyprus the year before.
Sveta: And what’s the name of the ... there?
Chris: It’s the Mediterranean [ˌmedɪtəˈreɪnɪən], of course.
Sveta: What did you ... there best of all?
Chris: It’s hard to say. Cyprus is a beautiful island. I enjoyed the history and
the natural beauty. It’s also a good place if you like to go sightseeing.
Sveta: Are ... high there?
Chris: Yes, they are.

LOOK AND LEARN!

to go sightseeing [ɡəʊ ˈsaɪtˌsi:ɪŋ] — осматривать


достопримечательности

64 Work in pairs. Ask your partner about the places he / she visited this
summer.
22
UNIT  1 Section 3

65 Read the text and complete it with the verbs in the past simple.

Linda Covert spent (spend) her holidays with her parents at the seaside. They ...
(take) a trip to the Black Sea. Linda and her parents wanted to visit Bulgaria. Linda’s
dad ... (buy) the tickets. They ... (arrive) at the airport on time. Linda ... (see) a lot of
big and modern planes. Onboard Linda ... (eat) tasty sandwiches and ... (drink) some
juice. Linda ... (read) a book and ... (watch) an interesting video.
In the afternoon Linda and her parents arrived at the hotel. From the window she
... (can) see the Black Sea. She ... (want) to go sightseeing. She ... (take) a lot of pho-
tos of nice big park with the different green plants. For two weeks she ... (have) a lot
of sunbathing, ... (smell) beautiful flowers ... (swim) and ... (watch) the beautiful fish
in the sea all day long. She ... (be) very happy at the seaside.

66 Make questions about the text. 68 Name some important events


1. What did Linda’s family ...? from your last summer holidays.
2. Where did Linda ...? Example: My father brought me a new
3. When did ...? bike in June.
4. How long ...?
5. Who ...? 69 Listen, read and repeat the poem.
6. Why ...?
THIRTY DAYS
67 Listen, read and repeat
Thirty days have September,
the tongue-twister.
April, June, and November;
February has twenty-eight alone,
A sailor went to sea All the rest have thirty-one,
To see what he could see. Excepting leap-year — that’s the time
And all he could see was sea, sea, sea. When February’s days are twenty-nine.

23
UNIT  1 Section 3

70 Talk about summer holidays on a farm (a dacha) or at the seaside.

Places What people can do

on a farm spend a lot of time outdoors, feed the farm animals, ride horses, go into
(a dacha) the forest, swim in the river, make jam, walk in the fields, grow different
plants, grow vegetables and fruits, make a campfire, play the guitar, visit
famous places of interest

at the seaside spend the summer holidays by the sea, buy tickets, fly in a plane, see
exotic animals / trees / flowers, do a lot of sunbathing, swim in the sea
all day long, smell the beautiful flowers, visit new islands, go sightseeing,
find seashells

71 Work in pairs. Why do you like to spend your summer in the country
(at the seaside)?
Example: Student 1: I like to spend my holidays on the farm. I can get up late.
Student 2: I like to spend my holidays at the seaside. I can swim and
sunbathe all day long.

72 Complete the table.

In the city In the country At camp

What’s good? I can go to the disco. I can walk I can play with my
... in the fields. friends all day long.
... ...

What’s not so There are not so many It’s boring to go I miss my family.
good? friends around in summer. there every year. ...
... ...

73 Work in pairs. Ask your classmate to talk about his / her summer holidays.
Ask questions to get more information.
Example: Student 1: I spent my holidays with my parents.
Student 2: Did you spend your summer holidays at your family’s dacha?
Student 1: Yes, in June. But in July we went to the seaside.
Student 2: What ...

74 Say where you’d like to spend 75 Write where you would like to
the weekend / the next summer spend your summer holidays
holidays. What would you like to do (in the country or by the sea). Why?
there?
Example: I’d like to spend the next week- TEST YOURSELF
end on the farm. I’d like to ride the horse
and feed the animals. Do the exercises in your Workbook.
24
SECTION 4 Places of Interest to Visit

76 Listen and say where Chris’s friend


spent his summer holidays.
77 Listen once again and say what Vika
can write to Tony about.
78 Read the letter and say how long
Tony was in Russia.

London
Great Britain
24th September 2016
Dear Vika,
My name is Tony. I am from Great Britain. I’m Chris Moll’s
friend. I live in London. Last summer my dad and I went abroad,
we visited Russia. We were in St Petersburg. It was really great!
It’s such a beautiful city. We spent two weeks there. The weather
was fine. We went sightseeing. We travelled on a comfortable
bus round the city. But best of all I enjoyed the palace which is
situated near St Petersburg. We were in Peterhof.
There is a great and very beautiful palace in Peterhof. It was
amazing to see so many different fountains there. The guide told
us a lot of old legends about them. It was interesting to listen to
her. After the trip we returned to the city by ship. It was fantastic!
For a minute I imagined myself as a seaman!
I was very happy to visit Russia. It helped me decide to study
the Russian language. I would like to learn more about Russian
history and literature. I know a little French. And I can write short
stories and draw funny pictures. My dream is to become a famous
artist one day!
Do you have any hobbies? Do you like to travel? And how did
you spend your summer?
Best wishes, LOOK AND LEARN!
Tony Brown
to go abroad — ездить за границу
palace [ˈpæləs] — дворец
to return [rɪˈtɜ:n] — возвращаться
a language [ˈlæŋɡwɪʤ] — язык

25
SECTION 4
UNIT  1 Section 4

79 Answer the questions. 82 Read Tony’s letter once again.


1. Where did Tony spend his summer Find in the text all of the adjectives.
holidays? Put them in two forms.
2. What places did he and his dad visit? Example: fine — finer — (the) finest
3. What palace did he like best of all?
4. What is Tony’s dream? 83 Read and act out.

80 Complete the sentences. — Excuse me, could you tell


Use the information from Tony’s letter. me how to get to the bus
1. Peterhof is ... . station?
2. Tony visited ... .
3. It wasn’t boring ... .
4. The guide told them ... .
5. Tony would like to learn ... .
6. Tony’s dream is to become ... .
GRAMMAR FOCUS: COMPARATIVE
AND SUPERLATIVE DEGREES

81 Listen, read and remember. Use — Yes, ... umm ... go right at the
the Grammar Reference if necessary. corner, then left on the high
big — bigger — (the) biggest street ... no, sorry, right again,
happy — happier — (the) happiest and then ... umm ... go left on ...
long — longer — (the) longest umm ... then ask again.
beautiful  — more beautiful  — (the)
most beautiful 84 Translate from Russian into English.
interesting — more interesting — (the) Make up your own sentences using
most interesting these word combinations.
Remember! 1. прекрасная погода
bad — worse — (the) worst 2. комфортабельный автобус
good — better — (the) best 3. большой дворец
little — less — (the) least 4. прошлым летом
many / much — more — (the) most 5. удивительно видеть
6. великий город

85 Work in pairs. An English tourist asks you to tell him / her what is there
on the advert (реклама, объявление). Help the tourist. Act it out with your
partner. Use the picture.

26
UNIT  1 Section 4

86 Read the letter and say where Vika 87 Answer the questions.
spent her summer holidays. 1. Where did Vika go last summer?
2. Where did she spend two weeks?
3. What did she and her friend Liza do in
the morning?
4. What did the students do in London?
5. What city in Great Britain would Vika
like to visit again?

88 Complete the sentences with


the information from the text.
1. Vika likes to travel and ... .
2. In summer she and her friend Liza
went ... .
Dear Tony,
3. She improved her English because ... .
It was nice to get a letter from you.
4. She would like to visit ... .
That’s great that you like St Petersburg.
5. Vika wants to be ... .
I like it very much too. I like to travel and
learn more about different places. I also GRAMMAR FOCUS: PREPOSITIONS
travelled a lot last summer. In July my
friend Liza and I went to Great Britain. 89 Choose the correct prepositions.
We spent two weeks in Oxford 1. They are on / in / at the fifth form.
in a summer school. 2. Our students study two foreign lan-
In the morning we spent three hours guages on/ to / at school.
learning English. In the lessons we did 3. Are there any new subjects at / on /
different class activities: read and dis- in our timetable?
cussed texts and poems, used the com- 4. Next Tuesday my friend will go at /
puters. We also read interesting stories to / in school.
about British history and traditions. Now 5. May I go off / in / out?
we speak, read and write English much 6. Julia’s students invited my friends
better than last year. at / to / in London.
We also took a trip to London. I went 7. Vika’s best pen friends are from /
sightseeing together with Liza and our at / on Oxford.
new friends from summer school. We took 8. It isn’t boring to listen to / on / of
a lot of photos and had fun. It was great! his story.
Next time that we go to Great Britain,
I’d like to visit London again.
Chris says Julia Nelson is your English 90 Work in pairs. Imagine Chris and his
teacher. Fantastic! Last year she taught us friends come to your town. What places
English too. She was my favourite teacher! of interest would you suggest visiting?
I want to become an English teacher like Explain why. Then plan a tour for them.
Mrs Nelson. Send my kind regards to her. Use: street, museum, church, park, zoo,
Best wishes, theatre, your school, your dacha
Vika
91 Tell your classmates about your tour
LOOK AND LEARN! with Chris and his friends.

a tradition [trəˈdɪʃn] — традиция 92 Write an advert for visitors to


your town.
27
SECTION 5 The Best School Club

93 Listen and say what Egor wants to do after classes.

94 a) Put the sentences in the correct order (1—4).


— That’s very interesting! Can I go with you?
— Sorry, Chris. I can’t today. I promised Sveta and Vika I’d make a poster
about our school clubs.
— Of course, Chris. We can choose clubs for us.
— Egor, would you like to play football after classes today?
b) Listen to the dialogue and check the order.

LOOK AND LEARN!

a school club — школьный кружок

95 Read the posters (a—l) and match them with the pictures (1—12).

COME TO OUR SCHOOL CLUBS!

a) Explorer’s Club
We go sightseeing and study the history
of different places of interest. Do you
like travelling? Then you are welcome to
our club. Get the map, make the plan of
the trip and go!
1 2
b) Photo Club
Take the best photo of the month and
get a fantastic prize! A new camera!
Show off your artistic side! Be the best
photographer of this year!

c) Football Club
Let’s play football together! We need 3 4
strong and fast runners who like football
best of all!

d) Swimming Club
Do you like swimming? Our new swim-
ming pool is for you! You will become
the best swimmers.
5 6

28
SECTION 5
UNIT  1 Section 5

e) Dance Club
Do you like dancing? Master your dance
steps in classical, modern, folk dances,
aerobics and even breakdancing. With
master classes you’ll have all you need.

f) Drawing Club 7 8
Do you like to draw? Do you want to be-
come an artist? We’ll help you improve
your drawing skills.

g) School Theatre
Theatre is one of the best arts! Come
and create a play with us!
9 10
h) Music Club
Come and play the piano, the violin, the
guitar, the drums or choose from our
many other instruments! Let’s make a
school orchestra together!

i) Singing Club
We invite you to our singing classes. Let’s
11 12
sing the most popular songs
together. It’ll be cool!
WORD FOCUS

j) Computer Club 97 Read, translate and remember.


We can’t imagine a world without comput- to dance — a dancer
ers. Make the world a more creative place to jump — a jumper
with our modern computer programmes! to run — a runner
to play — a player
to programme — a programmer
k) Young Naturalist’s Club
to swim — a swimmer
Would you like to be a naturalist? Come
to sing — a singer
and grow exotic plants and beautiful
to teach — a teacher
flowers, and even save wild animals!
to travel — a traveller
We’ll teach you how to take care of pets
to write — a writer
too. Let’s save the planet together!
art — an artist
chemistry — a chemist
l) Chess Club
a piano — a pianist
So you like playing chess and you want to
science — a scientist
be a chess master? Play a chess match with
a champion. Come and show us your skills! a camera — a cameraman
a show — a showman
sport — a sportsman
96 Read the adverts once again.
to act — an actor
Which club would you choose? Why?
29
UNIT  1 Section 5

98 Look at the symbols. Guess which 101 Tell your classmates about
clubs they are for. Which club’s symbol your favourite school club.
do you like best?
102 Write a poster for your favourite
school club. Create a new symbol
for the club you chose.

103 Listen and say what Liza likes to do


best of all.

104 Now read and say what Chris


likes to do and what his best hobby is.

1 2
Liza: Do you have any hobbies, Chris?
Chris: Yes, Liza, I like to play football.
Liza: Fine! As for me, I like drawing
best of all. It is not only my hobby
but I hope my future career. I
would like to become a famous
artist. There are a lot of other
things I like to do too, like
3 computer games, swimming,
4
singing ... but drawing is my fa-
vourite!
Chris: Well, I don’t know what I want to
be. I like to learn about literature,
history and traditions of other
countries. And I like travelling
a lot. My best hobby is taking
photos.
5 Liza: Perhaps you’ll be a famous jour-
nalist!
Chris: Maybe. I don’t know yet. What
time is it now?
99 Work in pairs. Ask your classmate
Liza: Half past four.
about his / her hobbies. Try to guess
Chris: Oh, sorry. I’m late for our School
which club he / she chose.
English Theatre. Bye!
Example: Do you like playing the gui- Liza: Bye!
tar? — Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.
Masha / Misha likes / doesn’t like playing GRAMMAR FOCUS:
the guitar. She / he chose / didn’t choose LIKE DOING SOMETHING
the Music Club.
105 Read, compare and remember.
100 Say what you like to do. Compare
like to do = like doing
your answers with your classmates’
answers. I like to travel. = I like travelling.
Example: I like travelling. I chose the I like to draw best of all. = I like drawing
Explorer’s Club. Misha likes playing the best of all.
guitar. He chose the Music Club.
30
UNIT  1 Section 5

106 Read Chris’s letter about the School English Theatre.


Say which club Chris wanted to choose.

Hi, Tony,
Thank you for your letter. As for me I am fine. I want to tell you about my new
school club. I chose the School English Theatre as my club. In London we had
Drama lessons in our school. In my Russian school they don’t have such lessons but
they have a club called “English Theatre”. This month we’re performing “Peter Pan”
by J. M.  Barrie. Our English teacher asked me to star as Peter Pan! It’s really cool!
At first I was a little nervous. But now everything is all right. I am not very shy now.
I know the words like a real actor, and my classmates help me to play my role
professionally.
How are you? How are our classmates,
Mrs Nelson and other teachers? LOOK AND LEARN!

Write me back soon, Drama — драматизация (школьный


Chris предмет в Великобритании)
It’s cool! — Здорово!

107 Ask your friend about his / her 110 Write a letter to your British pen
hobby. Tell him / her which club friend and describe your favourite club.
is best for him / her. Give your reasons.
111 a) Read the poem and fill in the gaps
108 Ask your classmates which club with the verbs from the box.
they prefer. Find out: visit, become, open, play, be
a) Which club is the most popular among
your friends? Hooray! It’s cool! It’s Sunday!
b) Which club is chosen only by boys and Today I start anew.
which is chosen only by girls? Why? Today I’ve decided to ... a wizard1,
It’s true!
Names of Results Or maybe I will learn to fly
No. Club
classmates girls boys Or how to walk through stars
Or I’ll ... other planets
1 Singing Marina, Sveta, 3 1 And I’ll meet the aliens2 in their magic cars.
Club Yulya, Denis I’ll travel to past times.
2 Photo Nina, Pavel And I’ll ... football with a dinosaur
Club And he will mark the score!
I’ve got so many wonderful plans!
3 Computer Misha, Oleg, But now I have to ... the door.
Club Vitya, Kolya I’m starting the right way.
4 Dancing Yes, this will ... the best day!
Club Hooray! It’s cool! It’s Sunday!

5 b) Listen to the poem and check


your answers.
109 Say what the most popular club 1
a wizard [ˈwɪzəd] — волшебник
in your class is. Explain why. 2
an alien [ˈeɪliən] — инопланетянин
31
UNIT  1 Section 5

112 Read the posters. Guess which clubs they are from.

COMPUTER:
a processor,
a monitor,
a keyboard,
a mouse

GADGETS:
a smartphone,
TAKING CARE OF PETS: a tablet,
cook special food a smartboard
feed regularly
wash and brush it INTERNET:
go for a walk an e-mail,
a site,
visit the vet
a forum,
play with it
a chat room,
a blog

COMPUTER GAMES:
strategy,
action,
arcade,
simulator …

113 Work in pairs. Make a poster of your favourite club with your classmate.
Which key words did you use?

GRAMMAR FOCUS: TAG QUESTIONS

114 Read, compare and remember.


You don’t go to sports school, do you? — No, I don’t. / Yes, I do.
Вы не ходите в спортивную школу, не так ли? (не правда ли?)
He is a very good student, isn’t he? — Yes, he is. / No, he isn’t.
Он очень хороший ученик, не так ли?
She can’t skate, can she? — Yes, she can. / No, she can’t.
Она не умеет кататься на коньках, не так ли?
You liked the song, didn’t you? — No, I didn’t. / Yes, I did.
Вам понравилась песня, не так ли?
They were in England a year ago, weren’t they? — Yes, they were. / No, they weren’t.
Они были в Англии год назад, не так ли?
We must do our homework every day, mustn’t we? — No, we mustn’t. / Yes, we must.

32
UNIT  1 Section 5

GRAMMAR FOCUS: TAG QUESTIONS


115 Work in pairs. Make up questions
using the tags from the box. 116 Read, translate and remember.
Example: My friends aren’t students, are can (could), must, will
they? to be (am, is, are, was, were)
My friends are students, aren’t they? to have (has, had)
She can’t finish this work today, can
... don’t you? / do you? she?
... won’t you? / will you? You won’t be late, will you?
... doesn’t she? / does she? They are good swimmers, aren’t
... wasn’t he? / was he? they?
... couldn’t you? / could you? He has a big house in the country,
... didn’t we? / did we? hasn’t he?
... weren’t we? / were we? do (does, did)
You like funny stories, don’t you?
Linda plays the piano very well,
117 Complete the questions with doesn’t she?
the tags from the boxes. Your friends didn’t see us, did they?
1. It’s a lovely day, isn’t it?
The sportsman swims very fast, ...
It was a wonderful music, ... doesn’t he?
We will come here again, ... wasn’t it?
You could go there together, ... won’t we?
You know my brother, ... isn’t it?
don’t you? will she?
2. They don’t need any help, ... couldn’t you? is he?
He doesn’t speak German at all, ... are they?
Mark isn’t good at Maths, ... do they?
Your grandparents aren’t from Russia, ... was it?
Our football match wasn’t interesting today, ... does he?
Our teacher won’t give us much homework for the weekend, ...

118 Match the questions with the answers.


1. Mary couldn’t stay after lessons, could she? a) No, he didn’t.
2. He isn’t from England, is he? b) Yes, she was.
3. She was nervous in the lesson, wasn’t she? c) No, she couldn’t.
4. Mark met a group of Russian students, didn’t he? d) No, he isn’t.
5. We won’t go to the seaside next summer, will we? e) Yes, they must.
6. They must work hard, mustn’t they? f) No, we won’t.
7. You are in the fifth form, aren’t you? g) Yes, I am.

119 Answer the following questions. 120 Ask your classmates five tag-
1. You don’t like school parties, do you? questions about their weekend.
2. You helped the old people on your way
to school, didn’t you? 121 Now write down your five tag-
3. Your friend can’t drive a car, can he / questions and your classmates’
she? answers.
4. You won’t have school exams this year,
will you?
33
SECTION 6 School Rules

122 Look at the posters and guess what day will be at school tomorrow.
Does your school have a similar day?

Attention!
Tomorrow is Self- Attention!
Regulation Day! Tomorrow is Open
Be creative, respon- Doors Day!
sible and sociable! Be kind, friendly
and helpful!

Attention!
Tomorrow is Sport
Day! Be strong,
healthy and active!

123 Listen and check your answer.

124 Read and say what the students will do during Self-Regulation Day.
Chris: Sveta! I’ve read the poster in the hall “Attention! Tomorrow is Self-Regulation Day!
Be creative, responsible and sociable.” What should I do? Can you explain it to
me, please?
Sveta: Oh, Chris! I am sorry. We forgot to tell you about this important day.
Chris: It’s not a holiday, is it?
Egor: No, it’s not a holiday but it is a very special day. We will be completely independent
all day long. Our teachers will be only observers and we will study and work in our
hobby groups all on our own.
Sveta: The students from Grades 10 and 11 will be our teachers tomorrow. Usually on this
day they give us only good marks but sometimes they give too much homework.
Vika: Chris, I will be an English teacher tomorrow and teach our small pupils from
Grade 2. Would you like to come to my lesson? The kids would be happy to
meet you.
Chris: With pleasure! I like your idea. Thank
you. What are you going to do, Egor? LOOK AND LEARN!
Egor: I will help Sveta to water the plants.
And then I’ll go to the swimming pool. creative [kriˈeɪtɪv] — творческий
sociable [ˈsəʊʃəbl] — общительный
Vitaliy Kuraksin, a student from Grade
responsible [rɪˈspɒnsəbl] — ответствен-
11, who is the best swimmer and our
ный
school champion, will be our teacher
independent [ˌɪndɪˈpendənt] — независи-
tomorrow.
мый
Chris: That’s great! I would like to meet
a grade [ɡreɪd] — класс
him too.
34
SECTION 6
UNIT  1 Section 6

125 Read the adjectives in the table. • read detective • wear jeans
Match the opposites. stories during the • play jokes
lesson • be very polite
Positive (+) Negative (–) • listen to music • talk loudly during
strong ill during the lesson the break
• enjoy learning • copy long
creative irresponsible English sentences
• explain dull • give good / bad
sociable angry
grammar rules marks
kind unsociable • work hard

friendly dull 128 Complete these sentences


and make some more of your own.
responsible weak
Use the word combinations from Ex. 127.
healthy unfriendly a) Last year I had a teacher whom I liked
very much. I liked him / her because
he / she ... .
126 Read the “Rules for teachers”
b) Linda doesn’t like John because he ... .
and “Rules for students” and discuss
them with your classmates. 129 Work in pairs. Make up a dialogue
Then add your own rules for teachers between a teacher and a student.
and students. Include:
Rules for teachers a) the beginning of the lesson;
1. Don’t give your students any home- b) the checking of the homework;
work. c)  the explaining and writing down the
2. Give only good marks to your students. hometask.
3. Listen to modern music during the les-
son! 130 Work in pairs. Discuss what
4. Make your students happy! students should do and what teachers
should do in the lesson and during
Rules for students the break.
1. Always do your homework!
Use: I think teachers should ... .
2. Get only good and excellent marks!
To my mind ... .
3. Don’t talk in class!
4. Make your teacher happy! 131 Give arguments for and against
the following statements.
127 Read the words and phrases below. 1. Students should spend the whole day
Then say: at school (from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.).
a) what teachers do; 2. Students shouldn’t do homework on
b) what students do. Sunday.
• do homework • learn poems by
132 Work in groups. Make a poster
every day heart
with the “Rules for students” and with
• ask clever questions • have holidays
the “Rules for teachers”. Choose
• get good / bad many times
the best poster. Give your reasons.
marks a year
• answer silly • give instructions
questions • draw funny TEST YOURSELF
• give nicknames to pictures on the
their classmates board Do the exercises in your Workbook.
35
SECTION 7 British Schools

133 Listen to a British student talking about her school.


Then complete the table.

Topics Melinda Your classmate You


Age
School
Favourite subjects
School uniform
Hobbies

134 Work in pairs. Introduce yourself to a British student.


Tell him / her about yourself and your friend. Ask him / her questions.
Use the dialogue and the table in Ex. 133.
PRONUNCIATION FOCUS

135 Listen, read and repeat.


— uniform, school uniform, to wear a school uniform
— summer holidays, Easter holidays, Christmas holidays
— English, Russian, British, Spanish, German, Italian, French
— foreign language, the English language, to study languages
— Physical Education, Information Technology,
English Literature, Science, History, Maths, Art, Drama

136 Match the questions with the answers.


1. When does the school year start a) At age 11 or 12.
in Great Britain? b) It starts in September.
2. At what age do students go to c) It lasts 40 or 45 minutes.
secondary school? d) Yes, they do. French is often the first
3. Do British students wear a school foreign language they learn at school.
uniform? Sometimes they also learn a second foreign
4. Do students in Britain learn foreign language: Spanish, German, Russian ... .
languages at school?

36
SECTION 7
UNIT  1 Section 7

5. What school holidays do British e) Most students do. The favourite colours
students have? for school uniform are blue, black, grey
6. How long does a lesson in a British and green.
school last? f) They have Christmas holidays, Easter
holidays and summer holidays. Schools
also have special half-term holidays
in the middle of each term. These holidays
last a week.

LOOK AND LEARN!

a school uniform — школьная форма Science [ˈsaɪəns] — естественные науки


foreign [ˈfɒrən] — иностранный (школьный предмет в Великобрита-
British [ˈbrɪtɪʃ] — британский нии, объединяющий физику, химию,
French [frenʧ] — французский биологию и т. д.)
German [ˈʤɜ:mən] — немецкий a library [ˈlaɪbrəri] — библиотека
Spanish [ˈspænɪʃ] — испанский

137 Listen to the dialogue and check your answers.


Then read the dialogue with your partner.

138 Look at the Maple Walk London School website. Read the information below.

WELCOME TO THE MAPLE WALK LONDON SCHOOL SITE!

Thank you for visiting!

Home

About us

School life
Subjects

Contact Us Students go to school 6 days a week. There are


no lessons on Saturday mornings, only sports games
Parents and activities.
The most popular subjects are P.E. (Physical Educa-
Evenings Timetable tion), I.T. (Information Technologies), Maths, Drama,
English Literature, Art, Foreign Languages, History,
Calendar and Science.
The Library is open from 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. daily.
Exams Many students come to school on special buses.
Our dining hall gives the students lunch (hot meals,
salads, sandwiches).
© Maple Walk London School

37
UNIT  1 Section 7

139 Answer the questions. 141 Work in pairs. Read and act out
1. How many days a week do students go the dialogue.
to school? A: Do you have any new subjects this year?
2. What do they usually do on Saturday B: Yes, we do. We have Science, Informa-
morning? tion Technology and Drama.
3. What are the most popular subjects? A: Oh! Drama? What do you do in Dra-
ma?
140 Read what British students say B: We usually sing and dance. Sometimes
about their favourite subjects. we act out short plays.
What can you say about the subjects A: Oh, that sounds fun!
you are learning this year?
142 Listen to a student talking
1. In Drama lessons they act out short
about his school. Does he wear a school
plays.
uniform?
2. In Science lessons students do experi-
ments and learn about the world around 143 Listen to the interview again and
them. It’s fun! say if the statements are true or false.
3. Our pupils love their Art lessons. Their
1. Jim is twelve years old.
drawings and pictures are on the walls
2. His teachers are really good, especially
of their classroom. Parents love to see
his Literature teacher.
their children’s pictures.
3. Jim likes to wear his school uniform.
4. In I.T. classes students learn how to use
4. It’s uncomfortable to play football in
computers.
the uniform.
5. Most students in our school enjoy P.E.
5. Jim’s hobby is football.

Science Art Physical Education

Drama Information Technology

38
UNIT  1 Section 7

144 Read the article and say what kind of school uniform British girls and boys wear.

School Uniform
Most British schoolchildren wear a school uniform. Boys wear a shirt
and a tie, dark trousers and a pullover. Girls usually wear a white
blouse with a dark skirt and a pullover. The colours of the pullover
may be grey, brown, blue or green. Boys often wear school caps and
girls sometimes wear hats. Shoes are usually black or brown.
Children of ten and eleven don’t often like their school uniform,
especially the hats and shoes. Sometimes they do not wear the correct
uniform. Schools often give them a warning the first time this happens.
But the second time they are punished if they don’t wear the correct
uniform.

145 Answer the questions. GRAMMAR FOCUS:


1. Do British schoolchildren wear a PLURAL NOUNS
school uniform?
2. What are the most popular colours for 146 Read, translate and remember.
school uniform in Britain? trousers, jeans, shorts, clothes — plural
3. Do British schoolchildren like to wear a nouns
school uniform?
How much are the trousers?
4. What do British schools do to children
My jeans are blue.
who don’t wear the correct uniform?
His shorts were clean yesterday.
5. Would you like to wear a school uni-
But usually his clothes are dirty.
form like British schoolchildren do?
6. Why? / Why not?

147 Read and answer the questions. Ask your classmate these questions.
Then complete the table.
Names Your
Steve You
Questions classmate
Do you wear a school uniform? Yes, I do.
What clothes do you like to wear? I like to wear T-shirts and jeans.
What school uniform would you I’d like to wear shorts and trainers.
like to wear?

148 Work in pairs. Give arguments AGAINST


for and against the following statement: It’s difficult to play football. It’s boring to
wear a school uniform because it’s not
“Students should wear a school uniform.”
modern and stylish.
Example:
149 Work in groups.
FOR Design an ideal school uniform.
A school uniform disciplines the students.
Everybody wears the same colour. So it 150 Write an article about the ideal
makes the classmates seem like a team! school uniform.
39
HOMEWORK

1 What is your favourite subject? 4 Combine the words to make


Write about: new phrases. Then translate them into
a) why you like it; Russian.
b) what you do in the lessons. Example: popular music  — популярная
Example: a)  I like Literature because I музыка
learn a lot of interesting things about poets A. popular work
and writers. secret subject
b)  In Literature lessons we read and dis- interesting music
cuss many interesting books. useful information
B. to start a new school year
2 Complete the sentences with speak,
to stay in the lesson
tell or say in the correct form.
to work in the classroom
A. to finish Great Britain
1. “Speak louder, please,” the teacher
asked Nick in the Maths lesson. 5 Do Ex. 42 on p. 16 in written form.
2. She was very sad and ... her friend: “Be
serious! Don’t laugh at him!” 6 Complete the letter with
3. Yesterday the King ... “But how could the prepositions in, from, of, about, for,
I get rid of the mice?” with if necessary.
4. Last year the students from the seventh
Dear Kate,
form ... good English.
Thank you for your letter. It was so nice
5. When we arrived at Sam’s house, his
to hear . . . you! I would like to tell you . . .
mother ... us the good news. my weekend . . . the country. Last weekend
B. I went to visit . . . my grandma . . . my dad.
Yesterday Garry ... me all about his sum- We missed . . . her very much. She lives . . .
mer holidays. He spent them at a language the country in her own house.
summer camp. “Did you make a lot of She was very glad to see us. I took
new friends?” I asked him. “Yes, of a lot . . . photos . . . my family and . . . myself.
course. But I missed my old friends too!” . . . the evening we had dinner and sang
he ... . “So now we can ... English to each songs. Next time we’ll visit . . . my grandma
. . . you. Please write me . . . your last
other!” I answered. Then I ... him about
weekend.
my summer holidays.
Best wishes . . . us all.
3 Translate from Russian into English. Yours,
Liz
1. первый день в школе
2. рано вставать
3. дарить цветы
4. носить школьную форму
5. новое расписание
6. получать хорошие оценки
7. совершенствовать английский
8. Он был рад встретить своих школь-
ных друзей.
9. У меня было пять уроков в пятницу.
10. После обеда он пойдёт гулять со
своими новыми друзьями.
40
HOMEWORK
UNIT  1 Homework

7 Complete the story with the right words. Use much, many, little, few, a lot of.

YOUNG SCIENTIST

A Visit to Mr Thompson
We continue our talk about hobbies. Today
we will meet Mr Thompson. He will show us his
collection but he has asked us to hurry up be-
cause he has very little time to spare. Richard
Thompson has an interesting hobby. He collects
old radio sets. He has so ... radio sets that they
are everywhere in his house. There are ... radio
sets in the living room, in the bedroom, in the
kitchen and even in the bathroom! “Did you buy
all of these radio sets yourself?” we asked him.
“Oh, no, I don’t have that ... money. Most of
them were from people who didn’t want them
anymore. ... of the radio sets didn’t work when
I got them. So I repaired them. Now all the
radio sets work!” “Thank you, Mr  Thompson,
for your time.” Mr  Thompson’s hobby is very
unusual indeed and very ... people understand
him.

8 Do Ex. 58 on p. 21 in written form. 10 Use the comparative or superlative


form of the adjectives in brackets to
9 Fill in the table with the missing complete the sentences.
words. 1. My brother thinks Maths is more
difficult (difficult) than History.
swim плавать swimmer пловец
2. Mark is ... (bright) in our class.
run 3. This year we have ... (easy) subjects in
петь our timetable than we had last year.
4. Who has ... (funny) nickname in your
play
class?
учёный 5. Our Russian language teacher is ...
путешество- (good) teacher in the world.
вать 6. English is ... (interesting) subject for
me and my classmates.
art artist
dance
writer
учитель

41
UNIT  1 Homework

11 Complete the sentences with 13 Read the answers and make up


the prepositions to, by, in, from, about, questions for them.
on, into if necessary. Example: There are three popular clubs in
Example: The Italian tourists returned to our school.— How many popular clubs
the city by ship. are there in your school?
1. We travelled ... a comfortable bus round 1. My friend wants to become a popular
the city. actor. — Who ...?
2. My friend likes to learn more ... differ- 2. Yesterday Liz invited us to her Sports
ent places of interest. Club. — When ...?
3. In our summer school we translated 3. The boys from our class like our Foot-
many new words ... Russian. ball Club. — Why ...?
4. It was great to get a postcard ... you. 4. Paul took a fantastic photo of a cham-
5. Yesterday Oleg and his classmates in- pion. — What ...?
vited us ... Moscow. 5. He will become a strong runner.  —
6. My family decided to take a trip ... What kind of ...?
Greece.
14 Do Ex. 117 on p. 33 in written form.
12 Complete the sentences with 15 Complete the sentences
the correct new words formed from with the words from the box.
the words in brackets.
creative, helpful, responsible,
Example: David is the best ... in our
sociable, independent
school. (swim) — David is the best swim-
mer in our school. 1. My older brother often helps me. He is
1. The popular ... took part in the concert quite ... .
yesterday. (dance) 2. My little sisters are very ... . They have
2. Paula wants to become an English ... . got many friends.
(teach) 3. The students of the Drama Club are
3. Isaac Newton is a world-famous ... . very ... . They write plays and put on
(science) performances.
4. This club is only for famous ... of our 4. The most ... students will act as the
country. (travel) teachers on Self-Regulation Day.
5. I think you will be a successful ... in the 5. Next Monday will be Self-Regulation
future. (write) Day. Be ... and active!

16 Match the subjects with the activities.

Subjects What we do in the lessons


1. Maths a) do experiments
2. English b) learn how to use computers
3. P.E. c) draw and paint pictures
4. History d) study past events
5. Science e) translate new words
6. I.T. f) learn poems by heart
7. Art g) run, jump and play
8. Literature h) do sums (solve different problems)

42
UNIT  1 Homework

17 Read the names of the subjects. Write them down in the two columns
of the table.

Russian, Maths, Geography, Information Technology (I.T.), English, Art, Science,


English Literature, History, Physical Education (P.E.), Russian Literature,
French, Music, Nature Studies, German, Drama

At a Russian school At a British school

Russian Literature English Literature


... ...

18 Complete the text with the words from the box.

Friday, homework, English, heart, learn, do, questions, into, timetable, happy

Look at our timetable. We have got English


on Monday, Wednesday and ... . In English
lessons we ... new words, translate from
Russian ... English, ask and answer a lot
of ..., sing ... songs and learn poems by ... .
I enjoy learning ... . But I don’t like to ...
my homework. On Fridays there is no ... .
I like English on Friday.

Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday


English Maths Russian Nature English
Studies
Maths Nature Maths Russian Maths
Studies
I.T. Russian English I.T. History
Art Literature History Literature Russian
Russian P.E. Music Maths P.E.

19 Answer the questions with short answers.


Example: Do many British students wear a school uniform? — Yes, they do.
1. How long does a lesson last in British and Russian schools? — ...
2. What are the favourite colours for school uniforms in Britain? — ...
3. Which is the first language at schools in Britain? — ...
4. What other languages do British students study at school? — ...
5. How many holidays do British students have? — ...
6. What are the British holidays? — ...
7. Do you wear a school uniform? — ...
8. Would you like to wear a school uniform? — ...
43
UNIT  1 Homework

20 Translate from Russian into English.


1. школьная форма
2. естественные науки (школьный предмет)
3. современная школьная библиотека
4. иностранный язык
5. рождественские каникулы
6. Тебе нравится испанский язык? — Да, он очень красивый.
7. Вы говорите по-французски? — Да.
8. Многие британские школьники носят школьную форму.

21 Match the questions with the answers.

1. What will the teacher ask you tomorrow? a) Nice to meet you. I’m Peter.
2. Who’s Jason? b) Yes, very good.
3. Is she good at English? c) OK.
4. Let’s go to school together. d) Maybe something about my
5. What’s her nickname? homework.
6. Hello! I’m Jason. e) I’ve got no idea!
f) Our new classmate.

KEY VOCABULARY

Nouns: tradition Word combinations:


artist vegetable at the seaside
break writer go abroad
British go sightseeing
Drama Verbs: invitation letter
French borrow school club
fruit create school uniform
German improve take part in
grade invite It’s cool!
History miss Could you show me, ...?
Information Technology recognize
language return
library spend
Literature sunbathe
mark Adjectives:
musician creative
Nature Studies famous
palace foreign
poet independent
Science popular
seaside responsible
Spanish sociable
subject well-known
timetable

44
PROGRESS CHECK

PART I

LISTENING

Послушайте три рассказа детей о том, как они провели летние каникулы.
Определите место, где прошли каникулы детей.
Вы услышите запись дважды.
1 Tom spent his summer holidays ... .
a) at the seaside b) in the city c) at camp
2 Bess was ... last summer.
a) at camp b) at the seaside c) in the city
3 Ann enjoyed her summer holidays ... .
a) in the city b) at camp c) in the country

Послушайте разговор Дэна и Софи. Выберите картинки, которые


соответствуют содержанию их разговора. Вы услышите запись дважды.
4 When did Sophie get up on her first day at school?

1 2 3

5 What did Sophie wear on her first day at school?

1 2 3

45
Progress check
UNIT  1 Progress check

6 What did Sophie do after classes on her first day at school?

1 2 3

Points /6

READING

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 7—13.

On Monday George said to his Mum and Dad: “I don’t know what to do in
the future. I don’t know what job to choose.” His Mum answered: “You have a lot
of interesting clubs at school. Find out about them and choose the one you like best!
It will help you to choose your job.”
“OK, Mum!” answered George. “I like dancing, so maybe I will be a dancer.
I’ll go to the Dancing Club tomorrow and find out!”
On Tuesday George and his friends went to the Dancing Club. George enjoyed
dancing. He was happy. “I’m going to be a dancer, I’ve decided,” George told his
parents that day. And they smiled.
On Wednesday Miss Rumble, their new Science teacher, came to class. She spoke
about nature and told the children how to take care of animals and birds. In the
evening George said to his parents: “I don’t want to be a dancer anymore. I want
to join the Nature Studies Club now. I want to be a scientist!” And his parents smiled
again.
On Thursday George went to the swimming pool. “I don’t want to be a scientist
anymore. I like swimming, I like water and the swimming pool. I want to be a
famous swimmer!” he told his parents. And his parents smiled again.
On Friday George went to the theatre. The actors were amazing and at that
moment he decided to become an actor!
At the weekend George was very sad and he said to his parents: “It’s so difficult to
choose! I like to dance, to swim, and to take care of animals. But yesterday I decided
to become an actor. How can I choose the right job?”
“Don’t be in a hurry, son!” said his Dad. “You are too young to make this choice
yet! Wait and you will find what you like best,” said his Mum.
“OK, I’ll think about it later!” said George.

46
UNIT  1 Progress check

В заданиях 7—9 выберите правильный ответ на вопрос (a—c).

7 Why didn’t George want to be a dancer anymore?


a) His father said that George danced badly.
b) His teacher told him interesting things about nature.
c) His mother wanted her son to be a scientist.

8 Why did George want to become an actor?


a) He enjoyed the performance.
b) His father was an actor.
c) His friend decided to be an actor.

9 What was George’s final choice? — George decided to ...


a) become a dancer.
b) take care of plants and animals.
c) make his choice later.

В заданиях 10—13 определите, какие из приведённых утверждений


соответствуют содержанию текста (True), a какие не соответствуют (False).

10 One day George decided to choose his future job.

11 George’s parents didn’t give him any advice (совет).

12 George thought that the swimming pool was the worst thing in the world.

13 George decided to choose his job later.

Points /7

WRITING

14 Заполните анкету для поступления в школьный кружок.


Name  .
Surname  .
Grade (Class)  .
What is your favourite subject?  .
What do you like to do? — I like to  .
On what day of the week would you like to go to a club?  .
What clubs did you join last year?  .

Points /7

20—18 17—14 13—10 < 10

Very good! Good! Not bad! Try again!

47
UNIT  1 Progress check

PART II

SPEAKING

15 Выберите одну из карточек. Дайте устный ответ.

Card 1 Card 2

Talk about your last summer holidays. Talk about your favourite school club.
Say: Say:
• where you spent your last summer • what clubs you have got in your
holidays; school;
• what you did during your last summer • what club(s) you have joined and what
holidays. you do in your club.

16 Выберите один из диалогов и разыграйте его со своим одноклассником.


Dialogue 1

Student 1 Student 2

There is a new student in your class.


• Ask him / her what his / her name is.

You are a new student in the class.


• Answer your new classmate’s question.
• Ask what his / her name is.

• Answer the question.


• Ask your new classmate what his / her
favourite subjects are.

• Answer the question.


• Ask what he / she likes to do.

• Answer the question.


• Invite him / her to play ... / to go to ... /
to go for a walk together.

• Agree to play... / to go to ... / to go


for a walk together.

48
UNIT  1 Progress check

Dialogue 2

Student 1 Student 2

You begin the conversation. • Answer your classmate’s questions.


• Ask your classmate: • Ask him / her:
— where he / she spent the holidays; — where he / she spent his / her holidays;
— what he / she did during the summer — whether he / she made new friends.
holidays.
• Answer his / her questions.

Project
“About My School”
• Read the instructions and do the project in your Workbook.

49
2 WE ARE GOING TO LONDON
SECTION 1 An Invitation Letter

PRONUNCIATION FOCUS
1 a) Listen to the telephone
conversation and mark the sentences
2 Listen, repeat and read.
as true or false.
[ɒ] — lot, got, responsible
1. Anna Jones is a student of the Maple
[u:] — school, group
Walk London School.
[eɪ] — great, state, invitation, stay
a) True b) False
[aɪ] — time, kind, idea, invite
2. Ms Sergeeva, the headteacher of a Rus-
sian school, got some news from Lon-
don. 3 Read the invitation letter
a) True b) False from Mr Anderson, the headteacher
3. Mr Anderson, the headteacher of an of the Maple Walk London School.
English school, and his students want Answer the questions.
to come to Russia in spring. 1. How many students does Mr Anderson
a) True b) False invite?
4. Mr Anderson will send a special letter 2. When does Mr Anderson invite the
to his Russian colleague. Russian students to come?
a) True b) False 3. Where will the Russian students live
during their visit?
b) Correct the false sentences. 4. Who will be responsible for the social
programme?
50 SECTION 1
UNIT  2 Section 1

London
Maple Walk London School
Attention to: Ms Sergeeva
Headteacher of
State School No. 15
10th November 2016
Dear Ms Sergeeva,
As headteacher of the Maple Walk London School I would like to invite a group
of students and two teachers from your school to visit us. There can be up to
15 students in the group. I suggest that you come for 10—15 days in March.
Your group may stay with the families of the students from our school.
Julia Nelson will be responsible for the social programme. I am sure she will do
her best to make your visit interesting and exciting.
Yours sincerely,
Chris Anderson LOOK AND LEARN!
Headteacher
Maple Walk London School a group [ɡru:p] — группа
to suggest [səˈʤest] — предлагать
to be responsible for — быть ответственным
за (что-то / кого-то)

WORD FOCUS 4. I think he has the largest ... of stamps


in the town. (to collect)
4 Read, translate and remember. 5. Thanks for the ... to your birthday par-
to collect (собирать)  — a collection ty. (to invite)
(коллекция) 6. The ... of Victory Day takes place all
to celebrate — a celebration over the country. (to celebrate)
to describe — a description
to inform — information 6 Listen to the phone conversation.
to invite — an invitation Complete the sentences.
to suggest — a suggestion 1. According to Julia Nelson it is not ... in
to translate — a translation London in March. Sometimes it is ...
and ... .
5 Make up nouns from the verbs 2. Julia Nelson suggests that the Russian
in brackets and complete the sentences. students take ... with them to London.
Example: At the police station she gave a
full ... of the man. (to describe) — At the
police station she gave a full description
of the man.
1. You can read this book in Russian ... .
You’ll enjoy it! (to translate)
2. Does she have any ... on our school
clubs? — Let’s ask her. (to inform)
3. In December you can see Christmas ...
all over the city. (to decorate)
51
UNIT  2 Section 1

7 What two questions would you like to ask Julia Nelson about the future
visit to London? Compare your questions with those of your classmates.
Choose the most interesting questions.
8 Translate the word combinations. Make your own sentences using
the words. (5 minutes)

a large / small group


a group of students / of teenagers / of scientists

at home / at school / after lessons


to stay with your grandparents
at / in a hotel

a meeting at the library / at 11 o’clock


to arrange a date and time

9 Complete the text with the words from the box.


There are two extra words in the box.

arrange, responsible, colourful, Sunday, outdoors, flowers, stays, for, photos

More than 46 countries all over the world


celebrate Mother’s Day. It is the holiday when
children try to show their mothers how much
they love them.
In Russia people celebrate Mother’s Day
on the last ... of November. Children try to ...
a celebration for their mothers. Daughters
and sons give their mothers ..., cards and
handmade gifts. Sometimes the children
decorate their living room with ... balloons.
On this day the families do not want their
mother to cook, so fathers and children are ...
for the special dinner. If the weather is fine,
the family often goes ... a walk. If the weather
is bad, the family ... at home and enjoys the
holiday. And how do you celebrate Mother’s
Day?

52
UNIT  2 Section 1

10 Read the dialogue. Decide whether the following sentences


are true (T) or false (F). Correct the false sentences.
Mr Marks Tomorrow is Mother’s Day. I think it’s silly to stay at home. Let’s go to the
(father): cinema all together.
Alex (son): Great! Mum likes watching films.
Susan Maybe we’ll first ask mum what she wants to do? It’s her day, isn’t it?
(daughter):
Alex: It is, but let’s give her a surprise.
Mr Marks: All right. Could we arrange the celebration programme right now?
Susan: What if we go to the cinema at 5? And before the film we can also go to the café
to celebrate Mother’s Day.
Mr Marks: A good idea! But what film will we watch?
Alex: There is a new film about Sherlock Holmes. In the film he goes to Australia and
helps the police to find a criminal there. It’s a great film. I would like to see it.
Susan: But tomorrow is Mother’s Day, not your holiday. And mum doesn’t like detec-
tive films. Let’s watch some comedy.
Alex: OK. Don’t get angry. We’ll watch a comedy.
Mr Marks: And who will be responsible for buying the tickets?
Alex: No problem. I’ll buy the tickets via the Internet.
Susan: And we also have to think about gifts, don’t we?

1. Next Sunday is Mrs Marks’s birthday.


2. It is Mr Marks’s idea to go to the cinema on Sunday.
3. Susan suggests going to a café after the film.
4. Mrs Marks enjoys detective films.
5. Alex is responsible for buying the tickets to the cinema.

LOOK AND LEARN!

to stay [steɪ] at home — оставаться a detective film [dɪˈtektɪv fɪlm] —


дома детектив
a cinema [ˈsɪnəmə] — кинотеатр a comedy [ˈkɒmədi] — комедия
to arrange [əˈreɪnʤ] — устраивать a gift [ɡɪft] — подарок, сувенир
to celebrate — отмечать, праздновать

53
UNIT  2 Section 1

11 Say how your family celebrates I think we’ll stay at home.


holidays and special days. 1 It’s cold and it’s raining again! What
Answer the questions to make a story. shall we do?
1. What is your favourite holiday? That’s a good idea! Let’s go to the
2. When do you celebrate your favourite kitchen! We’ll make a sweet pizza
holiday? with pineapples.
3. What are you usually responsible for?
(decoration / music / presents / invita-
tions etc.)
4. How do you usually celebrate the holi-
day? (stay at home or go to the café / to
the park / to the cinema, play, dance
and sing, take photos, make a cake,
invite guests etc.)

12 Put the sentences from the dialogues


in the correct order. Listen and check.
Act out the dialogues.
A.
Let’s stay at home and watch TV. GRAMMAR FOCUS:
There is a new film on. MODAL VERB SHALL
1 It’s a wonderful day, isn’t it? What
are we going to do?
13 Read and remember.
OK. Let’s do that. Shall we take It’s hot in this room. Shall I open the
some sandwiches? We may get hun- window?
gry there. It’s cold and rainy outdoors! What shall
Oh, no! I want to spend this Sunday we do?
outdoors. Let’s go to the park and go Shall we go shopping? — No, we have
roller skating. everything for today’s party.

14 Work in pairs. Make up a dialogue:


suggest what to do when the weather
is good or bad.
Use: It’s very hot today, isn’t it? / It’s a
cold (windy, rainy) day, isn’t it? What shall
we do? Let’s ... OK ...

PRONUNCIATION FOCUS

15 Listen, repeat and read.


[e] — bed, lemon, breakfast, ready
B. [ɒ] — hot, holidays, responsible
[ɔ:] — door, sore, ball, fall , forehead
OK. I don’t mind. There are a lot of
[eɪ] — day, stay, arrange, wake
interesting things to do at home too.
[aɪ] — invite, eyes, sign, sighed
We can do a jigsaw puzzle, watch TV
[әʊ] — go, open, cold, woke, throat
or make a pizza.
54
UNIT  2 Section 1

16 Read the text.


LOOK AND LEARN!
Choose the best title for it.
1. A Wonderful Day to wake up [ˈweɪk ʌp] — просыпаться
2. A Busy Day to hurt [hɜ:t] — болеть (о чём-то)
3. An Unhappy Day to have a sore throat — болит горло
to fall asleep — засыпать
to fall ill — заболеть

17 Answer the questions.


1. When did Kevin wake up?
2. Why did he want to stay in bed?
3. Was it cold in the room?
4. What did Kevin’s mother say to her son?
5. What did Kevin ask his mum to bring
him?
6. Why was Kevin sad?

It was Saturday. Kevin woke up and 18 Match the words in the two columns.
looked at the clock — it was 9 a.m. Kevin Make up your own sentences with
closed his eyes. He didn’t want to get up. the word combinations.
His hands and legs hurt and he had a
1. to have a) in bed
sore throat. Though it was warm in the
2. to feel b) out of the window
room, he felt cold. Kevin fell asleep
3. to come c) a sore throat
again.
4. to stay d) ill
Half an hour later, Kevin’s mum came
5. to look e) into the room
into the room, “Kevin, Happy birthday!
6. to fall f) much better
Why are you still in bed, dear? Are you
OK? There are a lot of things we have to
do. We’re having your birthday party this 19 Tell the story as if you are Kevin.
afternoon, aren’t we?” Use the following:
Kevin didn’t answer. Mum came to the 1. That day I woke up late ...
window and opened it. The sky was blue 2. I didn’t want to get up because ...
and the sun was shining. 3. Soon my mum ...
Kevin looked sadly out of the window, 4. She opened the window and I saw that
“Sorry, Mum, but I’d better stay in bed. the weather was ...
I have a sore throat. Could you bring me 5. I asked her to bring me ...
some tea, please?” Mum came up to Kev- 6. I was sad. It was my birthday and
in and put her hand on his forehead. Then I couldn’t ...
she said, “I think you have a temperature.
I’ll bring you hot lemon tea. It’ll make you 20 Work in pairs. Think about how
feel much better.” Mum left the room. Kevin’s story could end. Then tell
Kevin was sad. It was very unfair that your classmates the ideas.
he had fallen ill on his birthday. He had Use: phone / visit a sick friend, wake up,
been looking forward to it for the whole feel fine / better / bad, be happy, get a lot of
year. “And now I can’t go to my own gifts, arrange another date and time for his
birthday party,” Kevin sighed and fell birthday party, fall asleep and have a nice
asleep ... dream. Get well soon! (Поправляйся!)
55
SECTION 2 Getting Ready for a Visit

GRAMMAR FOCUS:
21 Listen and say what Alex is going to
TO BE GOING TO ( DO SOMETHING )
do on Saturday.
Start with: Alex is going to ... . 23 Read and remember.
to be going to do something  —
22 Listen to the dialogue once again coбираться что-то делать
and complete the sentences.
— Alex, what ... you going to do on Satur-
day afternoon?
— We ... going to put on a show, ‘Alice in
Wonderland’.
— No, Linda ... going to be Alice and I ...
going to be the Queen.

— Alex, what are you going to do?


— I’m going to take a photo of Alice
and the Queen.

be going to + infinitive
(неопределённая форма глагола)

I am
He / She / It is going to play
We / You / They are

I am not (I’m not)


He / she is not (isn’t) going to play
They are not (aren’t)

24 Make sentences.

I visit Great Britain.


My sister stay at home tomorrow.
am
Our teacher be responsible for the gifts.
is going to
Mr Anderson improve her Spanish.
are
We invite them for a picnic.
A group of students take part in the school concert.

56
SECTION 2
UNIT  2 Section 2

25 Say what you (and the members of your family)


are going to do at the weekend.
Use: get up early / late, stay at home, walk in the park, listen to music, play sport,
arrange a party, watch TV, play computer games, read a book / a magazine / a
newspaper, do my homework, visit my grandparents, do some shopping, clean the
flat, make a cake etc.
Example: I am going to do my homework on Saturday.

LOOK AND LEARN!

to play sport — заниматься спортом


a magazine [ˌmæɡəˈzi:n] — журнал
a newspaper [ˈnju:zˌpeɪpə] — газета

26 Kevin has got a storybook as a birthday gift. Here is one of the stories.
Read the story and say who:
a) decided to spend the whole morning in bed;
b) wanted to go for a walk on Sunday morning;
c) wanted to give the pet to someone else;
d) played hide-and-seek;
e) made some chocolate biscuits;
f) was sorry for what she said.

It was a cold winter Sunday morning. Penny woke up and looked out of the
window. She thought, “I’m not going to play outdoors today. It’s windy and snowy.
I am going to stay at home all day.” Then she closed her eyes and tried to fall asleep.
Suddenly the door opened and her mother came in. She said, “Penny, wake up!
It’s time to take Toby for a walk.”
Penny opened her eyes and sat on the bed. She looked at her mother and said,
“I don’t want to get up. I don’t want to take Toby for a walk in the snow. I’m going
to stay in my warm bed for the whole day.”
But her mother answered, “Penny, get up! Toby wants to go out. He is your dog.
You must take him for a walk.”

57
UNIT  2 Section 2

“I don’t want to,” said Penny and closed her eyes.


“OK,” said her mother. “If you don’t want to take care of Toby, I will give him to
Andrew or Helen. They will be happy to take Toby for a walk and play with him.”
She closed the door and went into the kitchen.
Penny stayed in her bed. “I don’t want to get up. But I don’t want to give Toby to
Andrew or Helen either1,”— she thought.
Penny sighed and put on her clothes. “All right, Mum. I’m going to take Toby for
a walk.”
It was cold outside. Toby barked and ran around in the snow. He tried to catch
snowflakes. He was nice and funny and Penny smiled, “Oh, Toby, I love you. I’m
sorry I didn’t want to take you for a walk.” And they started playing hide-and-seek.
When Penny and Toby came back home, they were cold but happy.
After breakfast Penny’s mother said, “Penny, can you ...?”
“No! I don’t want to,” Penny said, before her mum could finish the sentence.
“I was going to ask you to help me make some chocolate biscuits, but if you don’t
want to ... .” Penny liked to help her mother in the kitchen and she liked chocolate
biscuits very much.
“Oh, I want to do it, Mum. Let’s make some biscuits,” Penny said. “And ...
I’m sorry, Mum.”
They spent the rest of the morning in the kitchen. The biscuits turned out2 very
tasty.

2
LOOK AND LEARN!

a biscuit [ˈbɪskɪt] — печенье

27 Translate the underlined sentences


into Russian.
3
28 Look at the pictures in Ex. 26.
In the text find the sentences
which match the pictures.
Read them aloud.

29 Look through the text and put


the sentences in the correct order.
Penny and Toby went outside.
Mum got angry with Penny.
1 Penny looked out of the window.
Mum asked Penny for help.
1 They made tasty chocolate biscuits.
either — тоже
2
turned out — оказались They had fun in the snow.
58
UNIT  2 Section 2

30 Look at the pictures and say GRAMMAR FOCUS:


what Kevin and Angela are going to do TO BE GOING TO DO SOMETHING
in the evening.
31 Read, translate and remember.
Example: I think Kevin is going to read an
article from the magazine. ?

Am I
going to
Is he / she
write a letter?
Are we

Are we going to take a test today or


tomorrow?
What is he going to do?
When are you going to write the let-
ters?
Where are the boys going to play foot-
ball?
Jack is going to arrange a party, isn’t
he?
They aren’t going to stay after lessons,
are they?

32 a) Work in groups. Write down


your plans for the weekend.
b) Ask your classmates what they
are going to do this weekend.
Compare their answers with your plans.
Example:
— What are you going to do this weekend?
— Olga and I are going to play computer
games. Egor is going to take his dog for
a walk.

59
UNIT  2 Section 2

33 Read and say what Helen and her relatives are going to do.

Dear Chris,
Thank you for your letter. It was interesting to read about your
Russian friends and your new school. You are going to study
Russian, aren’t you? How long are you going to stay in Moscow,
then? What places are you going to see and visit there?
I am on a trip to the USA with my aunt, my uncle and my cousin
Simon. We are in Washington now. We came to the American
capital last Sunday. We went sightseeing and took lots of photos.
There are many famous museums in Washington. But I think that
the National Air and Space Museum is the most interesting. It has
the largest collection of planes and spaceships1 in the world.
We spent 4 hours in the museum.
Two days ago, on the 31st of October, people celebrated the
holiday of Halloween. It was great! People decorated their houses
with orange pumpkins. In the evening they arranged Halloween
fancy dress parties2. There were witches, monsters and ghosts
everywhere. Funny, isn’t it? There are some photos in the file, have
a look!
We have a lot of other plans for the rest of our trip.
Tomorrow we are going to visit our friends who live not far from
the capital.
Then we are going to travel by car and see New York. Sounds
great, doesn’t it?
Well, that’s all for now. We are going to be back to London
in two weeks.
Best wishes, LOOK AND LEARN!
Helen Stock
to decorate [ˈdekəreɪt] — украшать
a sound / to sound [saʊnd] — звук / звучать
Sounds great! — Здорово!

1
planes and spaceships — самолёты и космические корабли
2
fancy dress parties — костюмированные вечеринки

60
UNIT  2 Section 2

34 Read Helen’s letter again Sveta: In Sochi.


and mark the following sentences as Martin: Are ...?
T (true) or F (false). Correct the false Sveta: No, by plane.
sentences. Martin: How long ...?
1. Helen came to the USA with her par- Sveta: A week.
ents and her brother. Martin: ...?
2. Helen and her relatives are in the capi- Sveta: With my relatives. My aunt lives
tal of the USA now. in Sochi.
3. Helen liked museums in Washington. Martin: ...?
4. In her letter Helen wrote about her Sveta: Well, I’m going to go snow-
American summer holidays. boarding with my cousin.
5. Helen took some photos of the Hallow-
een celebrations. 37 Listen and choose the correct
6. Helen and her relatives are going to answer to the following queston.
travel to New York by plane. What are the Russian students going
7. Helen is going to come back home in to give to Ms  Nelson when they come to
a month. London?
35 Complete the sentences, a) Some traditional Russian souvenirs.
using the information from the text. b) Some badges for her collection.
1. The Americans celebrate Halloween c) An album with photos and stories.
on ... .
2. The Americans put ... on the window- LOOK AND LEARN!
sills.
3. There are Halloween ... in the evening. a souvenir [ˌsu:vəˈnɪə] — сувенир
a badge [bæʤ] — значок
36 Complete the conversation
a mug [mʌɡ] — кружка
between two friends. Act it out.
Martin: Where are you going to spend
your winter holidays?

38 a) Ask your classmates what collections they have got. Fill in the table.
Use: toys, stamps, badges, calendars, teddy bears, mugs, coins, key rings, stones
and minerals etc.

Names
Sveta Nikita ...
Questions

What things do you collect? dolls coins

How many things are there in your collection? seven

When did you start to collect them? 3 years ago

b) Say who has the biggest / the most unusual collection.


Whose collection would you like to see?
Example: Nikita has the biggest collection of mugs. He started to collect them when
he was 7 (3 years ago).
61
UNIT  2 Section 2

39 Complete the sentences on the right with the correct form of be going to.
Match the sentences on the left with the sentences on the right.

1. I decided to take up a new hobby. a) She ... be a singer.


2. Anna loves music. b) They ... visit this country again.
3. Andrew collects badges. c) I am going to collect stamps.
4. The Browns spent their holidays in Spain d) We ... put up decorations.
last summer. e) He ... show us his collection.
5. The sky is dark. f) I think it ... to rain.
6. There are only 3 days left before New Year.

BE POLITE!

40 While preparing for their trip to London, the Russian students found out
some useful information. Read the texts and match the titles with the texts.
1. How to Greet1 People at Different Times of the Day
2. The Correct Answer to the Question
3. Do Not Forget to Say These Words
4. Be Polite When You Are Visiting British Family

A. In Britain people often start conversations with their friends by saying: “Hello, how
are you?” Remember that it is not really a question about health. The answer is “Fine
(or not bad), thank you. And you?” Do not explain how you really feel.

B. There are different words to greet people in English: good morning, good afternoon
(until 6.00 p.m.), good evening (until midnight) and hello. You can say hello in the
morning, in the daytime or in the evening.

C. If a British family invites you to their house, be careful to come on time. In Britain it is
not necessary to take your shoes off when you enter someone’s house. But it is impo-
lite2 for men to wear hats in the house.

D. Always say please and thank you. They are very important words in the English lan-
guage. It is polite to say Thank you (Thanks, Thanks a lot or Thank you very much)
for everything in Britain. Say please when you ask for something.

41 Answer the questions. 4. What polite words in the English lan-


1. What is the answer to the question guage do you know?
“How are you?”
2. How should you greet people at 3 p.m. TEST YOURSELF
and at 9 p.m.?
3. Is it polite to be late in Britain? Do the exercises in your Workbook.
12

1
to greet — приветствовать
2
impolite — невежливо
62
SECTION 3 What Is She Doing?
42 Look, read and compare.

Alice draws very well. She wants to David is drawing at the moment. He is doing
become an artist. his Art homework. He is working hard.
THE PRESENT SIMPLE THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS
I usually watch TV with my family. I am watching TV now. There’s a very inter-
Обычно я смотрю телевизор со своей esting film on.
семьёй. Сейчас я смотрю телевизор. Показывают
Ann plays tennis three times a week. очень интересный фильм.
Энн играет в теннис три раза Ann is playing tennis now.
в неделю. Энн играет в теннис сейчас.
GRAMMAR FOCUS: THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS ( PROGRESSIVE )

43 Read and remember.


Если ты говоришь о том, что происходит обычно (every day, every year,
every week, usually, ...), то глагол надо употребить в present simple.
She plays the piano every day. She wants to become a musician.
We don’t go to school on Sundays.
НО: если ты хочешь сказать о том, что происходит в момент речи (now, at the
moment), то глагол надо употребить в present continuous. Present continuous
образуется следующим образом:

am / is / are + 1-я форма смыслового глагола + ing

+ — ?
I am sleeping. I am not sleeping. Am I sleeping? — Yes, I am. /
No, I am not.
You are sleeping. You aren’t sleeping. Are you sleeping? — Yes, you are. /
No, you aren’t.
He / She / It is sleeping. He / She isn’t sleeping. Is he / she sleeping? — Yes, he / she
is. / No, he / she isn’t.
We are sleeping. We aren’t sleeping. Are we sleeping? — Yes, we are. /
No, we aren’t.
You are sleeping. You aren’t sleeping. Are you sleeping? — Yes, you are. /
No, you aren’t.
They are sleeping. They aren’t sleeping. Are they sleeping? — Yes, they are. /
No, they aren’t.

63
SECTION 3
UNIT  2 Section 3

44 Read and translate the questions. Match the questions with the answers.

1. What kind of books do you usually read? a) I am reading a story about Sherlock
2. What book are you reading at the Holmes.
moment? b) I usually read stories and books on
3. Do you speak Spanish? history.
4. Are they speaking Spanish or Italian at c) I think they are speaking French.
the moment? d) No, I don’t. But I would like to learn it.

45 Match the parts of the sentences. Read the sentences.

1. We are watching the film in French a) because we are going to have guests in
2. The little girl is staying in bed the evening.
3. Jane is watering the flowers b) because it’s his birthday soon.
4. Mum is making a cake c) because he wants to get a good mark.
5. They are buying their son a present d) because she has a sore throat.
6. Chris is doing his homework e) because it’s a good way to improve our
language.
f) because it’s a very hot day.

46 Listen and read.

speak + ing = speaking take + ing = taking

play + ing = playing put + ing = putting

Singing, running, dancing, writing, having, going, making, reading, listening,


walking, talking, watching, meeting, drawing, travelling, staying, arranging, shaking,
smiling, dreaming, learning, feeding, asking, flying, saying, sitting.

47 Look at Chris’s photos. Say what the children are doing.

1 3

He is ... . We are ... .


2 4

She is ... . They are ... .


64
UNIT  2 Section 3

5 6 7

She is ... . He is ... . Thе boys are ... .

48 Listen to the telephone 50 Say whether these sentences


conversation and answer the questions. are true or false. Correct the false
1. What is Chris doing? sentences.
2. What is Sveta doing? 1. The Andersons are in the kitchen.
3. What are they going to do? 2. Mr Anderson is sitting in the armchair.
3. Mr Anderson and his son Martin are
49 Look at the picture. Complete
playing chess.
the text. Put the verbs in brackets
4. Mrs Anderson is watering the plants.
in the present continuous.
5. Their daughter Sue is watching TV.
It’s a Friday evening. The Andersons 6. The cat is looking in the mirror.
are in their living room. Mr Anderson and 7. The parrot is playing with the ball.
his son Martin are sitting (sit) on the sofa.
They ... (play) chess. Mrs Anderson ...
(not / watch) TV. She ... (read) a maga-
zine. Her daughter Sue ... (draw) a picture
for her granny. There are two pets in the
family: a cat and a parrot. The cat ... (not /
look) out of the window. The parrot ...
(look) in the mirror.

65
UNIT  2 Section 3

51 Mime an activity. Let your classmates guess what you are doing.
Example:
Student 1: Look! What am I doing?
Student 2: Are you drawing a picture?
Student 1: No, I’m not.
Student 3: Are you writing a letter?
Student 1: Yes, I am.
52 Complete Egor’s letter. Put the verbs in the present continuous.

Dear Linda,
I’m in Velikiy Ustyug with my family. It’s a nice,
small town. But a lot of children and grown-ups
come to the town every year because Ded Moroz
lives here. He lives in a wonderful Palace. My family
and I are in the Palace now. I . . . (write) you a post-
card. My father . . . (take) photos of the Palace.
My mother and my younger sister . . . (make) New
Year decorations with other tourists. We . . . (have) a
great time in this fairytale town. Christmas and New
Year are coming! Tomorrow we are going to travel
on a sleigh1.
See you soon,
Egor
1
sleigh [sleɪ] — сани

53 Would you like to visit Ded Moroz at his palace? What questions would
you ask him? Compare your questions with those of your partner.
66
UNIT  2 Section 3

54 Look at the pictures and complete the sentences.


Use the present continuous.

Еxample:
Where is Jane? — She is in the kitchen. Where are Martin and Sue? — ... in the
What is she doing? — She is helping her living room.
mother. They are making a cake. What ...? — ...

Where is the student? — ... in the classroom. Where is the puppy? — ... in the yard.
What ...? — ... What ...? — ...
67
UNIT  2 Section 3

55 Work in pairs. Complete the sentences. Use the present continuous


of the verbs in brackets. Choose one funny dialogue and act it out.

1 3

Grandpa: What ... you ... ( read)? A fairy tale? Mum: What ... you ... (do), Alice ?
Sue: I don’t know. Alice: I ... (write) a letter to William.
Grandpa: You don’t know? But you are Mum: But you can’t write!
reading aloud (вслух)! Alice: That’s OK, Mum. William can’t read!
Sue: Yes, I ... (read), but I ... (not listen).

2 4

Granny: What ... you ... (do), John? Mr Thompson: Why ... you ... (carry) your
John: I ... (play) computer games. umbrella over your head,
Granny: Well, what about your homework? Jane? It ... (not rain), is it?
It’s already late. Jane: No, it isn’t. But I ... (walk)
John: Granny! It is never too late to learn, with this umbrella now,
is it? because when it rains, my
mum always takes it.
68
UNIT  2 Section 3

GRAMMAR FOCUS:
THE PRESENT SIMPLE AND THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS ( REVIEW )

56 Read, translate and remember.

The Present Simple The Present Continuous

every year (day, week, month), always, now, at present, at the moment
usually, often, sometimes, in the evening
(morning) etc.

I always ride my bike in the park on Sundays. But I am doing a puzzle at home
now. It’s raining.

Andrew usually goes for a walk in the evening. But now there’s an interesting
film on. Andrew is watching TV.

57 It’s Sunday morning. Say what you (and the members of your family) usually
do on Sunday morning and what you are doing at the moment.
Example: I usually play football with my friends on Sunday morning.
But now I’m at home. I’m playing with my little cousin.
58 Look at the photos. Describe the photos. Say:
a) where the children are;
b) what they are wearing;
c) what each of them is doing.

69
SECTION 4 Winter Holidays

59 Listen and say what season Helen PRONUNCIATION FOCUS


and Philip like and why.
Example: Helen likes ... . She likes ... be- 61 Listen, read and repeat.
cause ... . [ʌ] — London, Londoners, colour,
Philip likes ... . He likes ... because ... . coloured, money
[ɔ:] — for, before, thought, law,
Norway
60 Work in groups. Ask your [ə] — collect, decorate, consist,
classmates what season they like potato
and why. Find out what season most [θ] — the 25th of December, the 24th
of your classmates like. of December
Is it your favourite season too? [k] — decorate, decoration, capital,
Example: Most of my classmates like ... . carols, consist, Christmas
They like it because ... . [s] — city, centre, central, celebrate,
I like ... too. / But my favourite season is December
... . I like ... because ... .

62 Read the text and choose


the correct statement.
1. The text is about the sights of London.
2. The text is about a holiday in Britain.
3. The text is about traditional British food.

Lots of tourists come to Britain in Decem-


ber. Why do they visit the country in winter
time? They want to take part in the Christmas
celebrations. British people celebrate Christmas
on 25th December. It’s a big holiday and there
are lots of Christmas traditions in Britain.
Every year Londoners get a gift from the
people of Norway  — a big Christmas tree. It
stands in Trafalgar Square. The central London
streets have got beautiful decorations at Christ-
mas time. There is also a nice skating rink in
the centre of the capital. A lot of people come
to enjoy the Christmas decorations and to skate.
Before Christmas, groups of singers perform
traditional Christmas songs, or carols, in the
streets and squares. They collect money for
charity1.
People usually decorate their trees on Christ-
mas Eve — on 24th December. Christmas is the
best day of the year for children. On Christmas

1
charity — благотворительность

70
SECTION 4
UNIT  2 Section 4

Eve they leave biscuits and a glass of milk for


Father Christmas (or Santa). When they wake
up in the morning, they find gifts under the
Christmas tree.
Christmas Day is the time for gifts, guests,
wishes and special meal. British people wish
each other ‘Merry Christmas!’ and have Christ-
mas Dinner. Traditional Christmas Dinner
consists of a roast turkey with carrots and po-
tatoes and Christmas pudding.

LOOK AND LEARN!

a skating rink [ˈskeɪtɪŋ rɪŋk] — каток


traditional [trəˈdɪʃnəl] — традиционный
special [ˈspeʃl] — особый, специальный
meal [mi:l] — пища, еда
to consist (of) [kənˈsɪst] — состоять (из)

63 Answer the questions.


1. When do British people celebrate
Christmas?
2. What gift do Londoners get every year
from Norway?
3. Why do people come to the centre of
London at Christmas?
4. What songs can you hear in the streets
of London at Christmas time?
5. What do the singers collect money for?
6. When do people usually decorate their
Christmas trees?
7. What does traditional Christmas dinner
consist of?
64 Look at the pictures in Ex. 62.
Find the sentences in the text
to describe the pictures.
Read them aloud.

71
UNIT  2 Section 4

65 Look at the picture. Say what


the members of the Nelson family
are doing on Christmas Eve.
It is 24th December, Christmas Eve. Julia
and her family are in their living room.
They are going to celebrate Christmas.
1. Mr Nelson ... .
2. Julia and their daughter ... .
3. Their little son ... .
4. The grandfather ... .
5. The grandmother ... .
6. The dog ... .

BE POLITE!

66 Read the situations in the left column and match them with the correct
phrases in the right column.
1. Your friend asks: “How are you?” a) Happy birthday!
2. Your friend is going to visit London. b) Get well soon!
3. Your friend is ill. c) I’m fine, thanks.
4. Your friend is going to take a test. d) Happy New Year!
5. You are at your friend’s birthday party. e) Have a nice trip!
6. You phone your English friend on 25th f) Good luck!
December. g) Merry Christmas!
7. You meet your friend on 1st January.

72
UNIT  2 Section 4

Dear Egor,
Thanks for your letter
and the photos of Velikiy
Ustyug. I like the photos
very much. The Russian Santa,,
Ded Moroz, lives in a wonderful ful
place!
We are having a busy time here now.
My family and I are getting ready for
Christmas. A lot of my relatives are com-
ing to stay with us over Christmas. My
elder sister and her husband are going to
come. They are going to bring their chil-
dren with them. My niece is only ten
months old and my nephew is three years
old. The girl cries non-stop, and the boy
enjoys playing with me. Next week I will
be very busy cleaning my room and shop-
ping for Christmas gifts. I still don’t know
what I’ll buy for my parents but I already
know what I’ll get for my niece and neph-
ew — a cute teddy bear and a big red car.
It’s really cold and windy here at the
moment. It never seems to stop raining1.
Do write soon.
Best wishes,
Linda

67 Work in pairs. Make up short 69 Read the sentences and mark them
dialogues where you can use the polite as T (true) or F (false). Correct the false
phrases from Ex. 66. Act them out. sentences.
Example: 1. In his letter Egor sent Linda the photos
A: Denis, why didn’t you come to the of his niece and nephew.
school party yesterday? 2. Linda’s elder sister is going to stay with
B: I fell ill. I had a temperature and a sore Linda and their parents over Christmas.
throat. 3. Linda’s niece is older than Linda’s
A: That’s a pity. The party was really fun. nephew.
Get well soon! 4. Linda is going to clean her room before
B: Thank you! Christmas.
5. Linda bought a nice gift for her parents
68 Read Linda’s letter. yesterday.
Answer the questions. 6. Linda is not going to buy any gifts for
1. Who is going to come to Linda’s house her niece and nephew.
1
for Christmas?
2. What kind of Christmas weather are 1
It never seems to stop raining.  — Ка-
they having? жется, что дождь никогда не прекратится.
73
UNIT  2 Section 4

70 Work in pairs. Describe the New 2. What is another name for Santa in Brit-
Year’s celebrations in your city / town / ain?
village. Use the questions to guide you. a) Father Christmas.
b) Father Frost.
1. When does your city / town / village
c) Father New Year.
start to prepare for New Year?
2. Are there any decorations in the streets? 3. What does Santa find in some houses
3. How do people prepare for New Year’s on Christmas Eve?
Eve? a) Some fruit and sweets.
4. What do people usually do on New b) Some Christmas cakes.
Year’s Eve? c) Some milk and biscuits.
5. Do you like the holiday? Why?
72 Read the text and choose
71 Listen to the dialogue. the heading for each paragraph.
Choose the correct answers 1. How does Father Christmas bring gifts
to the questions. to children?
1. Why do British children get up early on 2. What does Father Christmas look like?
25th December? 3. Why do most children like Christmas?
a) They want to speak to Santa. 4. How does Father Christmas learn
b) They want to open their presents. about children’s wishes?
c) They want to play outdoors.

Christmas is one of the favourite children’s holidays in Great Britain and Europe.
It is a wonderful holiday which brings children a lot of gifts, sweets and tasty cakes.
Gifts are very important at Christmas. According to the legend, Father Christmas
brings gifts only to good children. In all English-speaking countries he is called
Santa Claus.
Father Christmas is a man of 70 with a beard1 and moustache2. He has a red and
white coat and a black belt. He wears black boots and a red cap on his head. There is
a large sack3, full of gifts, on his back.
In December children usually write letters to Father Christmas and ask him for
gifts. In the past children put their letters at the back of the fireplace. Children
thought that the letters flew through the chimney4 to Father Christmas.
It is believed that Father Christmas lives at the North Pole. The whole year his
elves5 make toys for Christmas. In December Father Christmas puts the toys into his
sack and brings them to the children. Father Christmas works hard on Christmas
Eve. He travels in a sleigh pulled by nine reindeer. On Christmas night Father Christ-
mas goes through the chimney into the house and puts gifts for the children in spe-
cial Christmas stockings or under the Christmas tree.

1 LOOK AND LEARN!


a beard — борода
2
moustache — усы to work hard — работать усердно
3
a sack — мешок
4
a chimney — дымоход, труба
5
elves — эльфы (сказочные человечки)
74
UNIT  2 Section 4

73 Look at the pictures and find the sentences in the text to describe
the pictures. Read them aloud.

1 2 3

4 5 6

74 Complete the sentences. Use Ex. 72.


1. It is believed that only ... children get gifts on ... .
2. In many countries Father Christmas has another name — ... .
3. Father Christmas’s coat is ... . There is a ... belt on his coat.
4. Father Christmas has a funny red ... on his head.
5. Father Christmas carries gifts in ... .
6. Every December Father Christmas gets a lot of letters. Children ask him for ... .
7. According to the legend, Father Christmas lives at ... .
8. ... help Father Christmas. They make ... to give children at Christmas.
9. Father Christmas has a ... and nine ... .
10. On Christmas children find their gifts ... .
75 Work in pairs. Compare Father Christmas and Ded Moroz.
Example: Ded Moroz lives in Russia, and Father Christmas (or Santa) lives
at the North Pole.

TEST YOURSELF

Do the exercises in your Workbook.


75
HOMEWORK

1 Complete the text with the new words formed from the words
in brackets.

Mr Anderson is the headteacher of an English school. Last


week he sent an invitation (invite) letter to a Russian school.
In the letter there was a ... (suggest) to visit London and a ...
(describe) of the visit. There was also some ... (inform) about
a social programme.
The Russian students were happy to get the letter. They hoped
to take part in the ... (celebrate) of the school festival. The parents
of the Russian students got a ... (translate) of the letter.

2 Complete the text. Use the words from the box.

had, responsible, suggested, enjoyed, outdoors, group

This year we’ve got a new Maths teacher. In September our teacher ... a picnic in
the country. It was a great idea to spend Saturday ... . We took warm jackets, hats and
umbrellas. But we didn’t need them. The weather was very warm and sunny. The
girls were ... for lunch and the boys made a fire. We ... our picnic and then spent time
playing volleyball. A ... of boys and the teacher flew a kite. We took photos, played
football and badminton. We ... the picnic.

76
HOMEWORK
UNIT  2 Homework

3 Complete the text with the words 5 Complete the text with am, is, are
from the box. or aren’t.
bad, time, ill, sore, on, stayed,
came (×2)

On Monday Jim woke up at 7.30 am.


He sighed and looked out of the window.
He didn’t want to go to school because of
the French test. His mother ... in, “Jim,
it’s ... to get up! You’ll be late for school!”
Jim closed his eyes and said, “Mum,
I can’t go to school. I feel ... . I have a ...
throat. I think I fell ... .”
Jim ... in bed all the day. He was sad.
He wore a warm scarf and had much tea,
lemon and honey.
After school Jim’s friends ... to visit
him. They didn’t have any test. They will
have French test ... Thursday.
Linda will be very busy next week. On
4 Read what the children like and then Monday she ... going to write a letter to her
guess what the parents are going to give pen friend Paul. On Tuesday Linda and
them for Christmas. Use the words from her mother ... going to visit their granny.
the box to make sentences. When ... Linda going to arrange her
birthday party? — On Sunday. Linda loves
an alarm clock, a box of chocolates, pets. Her friends ... going to give her a kit-
a camera, football boots, a dog, ten, ... they? And Linda’s parents ...
a book, paints going to give her a camera.
Example: Martin’s parents are going to ... you going to come to Linda’s par-
give him an alarm clock. ty? — Yes, I ... . I have got a nice gift for
Linda. I ... going to give her a cute teddy
1. Martin is always late for school.
bear.
2. Linda has a sweet tooth.
3. Tim likes to play football.
4. Pamela loves animals. 6 Translate from Russian into English.
5. Andrew likes to draw. 1. хороший перевод
6. Ann likes to read. 2. большая коллекция монет
7. Steven likes to take photos. 3. интересный журнал
4. больное горло
5. группа учащихся
6. английская газета
7. Скоро Новый год (New Year is com-
ing.) Когда вы собираетесь украшать
классную комнату?
8. Ты собираешься фотографировать
участников спектакля?  — Да, ко-
нечно.
9. Когда вы собираетесь посмотреть
этот фильм? — Завтра вечером.
77
UNIT  2 Homework

7 Read the children’s stories. Answer the questions.


Write about your hobby.
Mark: I like playing basketball. I started playing
basketball 2 years ago. Now I can play
basketball well. I’m a member of school
basketball team.
Marina: I have a big collection of bells. I collect bells
with my dad. When we visit a new town or
a city we buy a bell there. There are 20 bells
in our collection. The bells are different:
small and big, white and colourful, metal
and glass.
Alex: I enjoy playing computer games. I like
strategies most of all. I like building new
towns. But I only play computer games on
Saturdays and Sundays because I’m busy
on weekdays.
1. Whose hobby involves1 travelling?
2. Whose hobby is possible only at weekends?
3. Whose hobby is sport?

8 Write the verbs from the box


in the -ing form.1
Example: talk  — talking, sit  — sitting,
take – taking
4. what / the boys / do? — ...
arrange, ask, decorate, stay, get, work, skate / in the park — ...
listen, do, have, sleep, swim, create, 5. who / Chris / feed? — ...
invite, study, smile, go, say, travel, feed / his puppy — ...
listen, make, enjoy, shake, play, give,
speak, visit, read, fall, translate, 10 Complete the sentences with the
collect, learn, teach, dance verbs in the correct forms.
Example: What ... she (do)?  — She ...
9 Make questions with the words (dance).  — What is she doing?  — She is
and give the answers. dancing.
Example: where / Steve / take photos? — 1. Look! The man ... (feed) the squirrels.
Where is Steve taking photos? They are not afraid of him.
take photos in / the zoo — Steve is taking 2. She ... (feed) her pets in the morning
photos in the zoo. and in the evening.
1. what / Ann / draw? — ... 3. What ... you (do) in the kitchen? — I ...
draw / a princess — ... (make) chocolate biscuits. Would you
2. what / the sisters / do? — ... like to try?
decorate / their house — ... 4. The students ... (do) different experi-
3. where / the children / play hockey? ments in Science lessons.
— ... 5. The children often ... (go) to the skating
play hockey / in the playground. — ... rink in winter. They like skating.
6. Sorry but I can’t. I’m busy. I ... (clean)
1
to involve — предполагать my room.
78
UNIT  2 Homework

11 Make up questions for these answers. 14 Complete the letter with the words
Example: The children are playing basket- from the box. Two words are extra.
ball at the playground. (Where ...?) — Where
for, decorate, invite, suggest, dinner,
are the children playing basketball?
congratulate, dance, under, at
1. The girl is drawing a funny cat on the
blackboard. (What ...?) My favourite holiday is New Year. We
2. The cat is sleeping on the sofa. (Where ... the New Year tree with balls and toys.
...?) My mum cooks a special ... and makes a
3. The friends are riding their bikes in the tasty cake. We ... our relatives and friends
park. (Where ...?) to our place. At midnight we ... each other.
4. Tim is playing the guitar in the living There are nice gifts for everyone ... the
room. (Who ...?) New Year tree. Then we go ... a walk and
5. The children are decorating the house. set up the fireworks. We play, ..., sing and
(Why ...?) watch TV during the New Year night.

12 Do Ex. 65 on p. 72 in written form.


Use: decorate a New Year tree, write a let-
ter to Santa, take photos of, play with a
puzzle, watch TV, talk on the phone, sleep
on the floor.

13 New Year is coming. On New Year’s


Eve people usually make resolutions.
Write down some of your resolutions.
Example: I am going to keep my room in
order.

KEY VOCABULARY

Nouns: Verbs: Word combinations:


badge arrange be going to do something
biscuit celebrate be responsible for something / somebody
cinema decorate consist of
comedy hurt (hurt, hurt) detective film
gift sound fall asleep
group stay fall ill
magazine suggest get well soon
meal wake up (woke, woken) have a sore throat
mug Adjectives: play sport
newspaper special skating rink
sound traditional Sounds great!
souvenir stay at home / at school / in bed
suggest somebody do something
work hard

79
PROGRESS CHECK

PART I

LISTENING

Послушайте три рассказа детей о том, как они провели выходные.


Определите место, где они были. Вы услышите запись дважды.

1 Jill spent Saturday ...


a) at home.
b) at a birthday party.
c) in the park.
2 John was ... the whole Sunday.
a) at a party
b) in the cinema
c) at home
3 Last Saturday Peter and his family went ...
a) to the cinema.
b) to the park.
c) to a party.

Послушайте разговор Джона и Венди и выполните задания 4—6.


В задании 4 определите, соответствует ли приведённое утверждение
содержанию прослушанного разговора (True)
или не соответствует (False).

4 John and Wendy are talking about Wendy’s friend.


a) True
b) False
В заданиях 5—6 закончите предложения, выбрав один вариант
из трёх предложенных (a—c).

5 On Monday Nikita will go to a school in London ...


a) to learn English.
b) to take part in a Drama project.
c) to swim in the school swimming pool.
6 John invites Wendy ...
a) to his family celebration.
b) to their Drama performance.
c) to a football match.

Points /6

80
Progress check
UNIT  2 Progress check

READING

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 7—14.


Read this information from our British correspondent, Susan White, who writes
for our online magazine “Young Explorer”. You can read her stories about different
interesting places in the world. Her last trip was to Antarctica.

Dear girls and boys,


Here is the story I promised to write for you. Imagine a lot of snow, ice and cold
all in one place. It’s called Antarctica! And it is the coldest part of the world. It is
also the highest and the windiest place. There are a lot of icebergs in Antarctica.
Do you know what icebergs are like? They are large and beautiful pieces of ice like
mountains made from glass and snow.
Scientists from different countries stay here for short periods of time. Usually
they live at special stations.
There are some unusual birds that live in Antarctica. They are called penguins.
They are quite big birds and they can’t fly at all. But they are excellent swimmers and
divers. While the penguins mums spend the winter time at sea, their dads take care
of the eggs for nine weeks. During this time they don’t eat or drink. For extra warmth
these brave, strong birds live in big groups. Together they try to keep their children
out of the cold air and wind.
The blue whale lives in Antarctica too. It is the largest animal in the world.
But I will write to you about the whales in my next story.
Send your letters with your questions to our magazine. I will try to answer all
of them.
Susan White
Correspondent for the online magazine “Young Explorer”

В задании 7 выберите правильный ответ на вопрос (a—c).

7 What is the text about?


a) About an unusual land.
b) About young polar explorers.
c) About an online magazine.

В заданиях 8—9 закончите предложения, выбрав один вариант


из трёх предложенных (a—c).

8 Antarctica is the coldest and the ... place in the world.


a) sunniest
b) windiest
c) wettest
9 The correspondent is staying in Antarctica ...
a) in a town hotel.
b) at a scientific station.
c) in an iceberg cave (пещера)
81
UNIT  2 Progress check

В заданиях 10—14 определите, какие из приведённых утверждений


соответствуют содержанию текста (True), a какие не соответствуют (False).

10 Antarctica is famous for its cold weather.


a) True b) False
11 Most scientists live in Antarctica for many years.
a) True b) False
12 Penguins can swim very well.
a) True b) False
13 In penguin families, the mums look after the eggs.
a) True b) False
14 The largest animal in the world lives in Antarctica.
a) True b) False

Points /8

WRITING

15 Напишите письмо своему другу по переписке (Henry / Sandra).


• Поздравьте его / её с новогодними праздниками.
• Сообщите, когда начинаются ваши зимние каникулы.
• Напишите, что вы собираетесь делать во время зимних каникул.
Не забудьте:
• обратиться к другу по имени;
• попрощаться с другом;
• подписать письмо.

Points /6

20—18 17—14 13—10 < 10

Very good! Good! Not bad! Try again!

82
UNIT  2 Progress check

PART II

SPEAKING
16 Выберите одну из карточек. Дайте устный ответ.
Card 1 Card 2
Talk about your favourite holiday. Say: Talk about a collection at home. Say:
• what holiday you like best and why; • what you collect and how many things
• how you usually spend this holiday. you have got;
• why you began to collect these things.

17 Выберите один из диалогов и разыграйте его со своим одноклассником.


Dialogue 1
Student 1 Student 2
Your classmate feels ill and stays at home.
Ring him / her up and ask how he / she
feels.
You don’t feel well.
• Answer your classmate’s question.
• Ask what he / she does at home.
• Answer your classmate’s question.
• Ask how many lessons they had today.
• Answer your classmate’s question.
• Ask your classmate what they did
in the English lesson.
• Answer your classmate’s question.
• Say goodbye because you have to start
doing your homework.
• Wish your classmate good health.
• Thank your classmate. Say goodbye.

Dialogue 2
Student 1 Student 2
You begin the conversation. • Answer your classmate’s questions.
• Ask your classmate: • Ask him / her:
— whether he / she likes winter holidays — what he / she is going to do during
or not, and why; the winter holidays;
— what New Year gift he / she would like — how he / she is going to decorate his /
to get. her house for the New Year.
• Answer his / her questions.

Project “Winter Holidays”


• Read the instructions and do the project in your Workbook.
83
3 VISITING LONDON
SECTION 1 Enjoy the Sightseeing!

1 Listen and complete the sentences.


1. London is the .... of Great Britain.
2. London is the largest city in ... .
3. It is one of the most ... cities in the world.
4. There are a lot of ... to visit in London.

2 Match the words with the descriptions.

1. a shop a) It’s a place where people


2. a theatre [ˈθɪətə] can walk and enjoy the
3. a museum trees and flowers.
[mju:ˈzi:əm] b) It’s a place where people
4. a park can watch films.
5. a cinema c) It’s a place where people
can see collections of
different things.
d) It’s a place where people
can buy things.
e) It’s a place where people
watch plays.

84
SECTION 1
UNIT  3 Section 1

GRAMMAR FOCUS:
THE PRESENT SIMPLE AND THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS

3 Read and remember.


Большинство глаголов употребляется и в present simple, и в present continuous.
The Present Simple The Present Continuous
She waters the flowers every day Look! Ann is watering the flowers.
in summer.
Но: некоторые глаголы не употребляются в форме present continuous:
know (знать) Now I know this grammar rule very well.
love (любить) She loves her children dearly.
like (нравиться) Does he like his new classmates?
want (хотеть) What do you want for your birthday?
hate (ненавидеть) The little boy hates porridge.
need (нуждаться) We need warm clothes for winter.
see (видеть) Do you see that woman in a hat?
have (иметь какую-нибудь вещь) He has an old black car.
Но: Where are the children? — They are in the kitchen. They are having lunch.

4 Complete the sentences. 3. Can I use your computer? I ... (need)


Example: What’s the name of this some information.
street? — I ... (not know). — I don’t know. 4. The sisters ... (hate) rainy weather.
They can’t go for a walk when it’s rain-
1. My grandparents live in the country. ing.
They ... (have) two dogs and a cat. 5. What ... you ... (want) for break-
2. She ... (not like) snakes and frogs. She fast?  — A cup of tea and a cheese
is afraid of them. sandwich.
6. ... you ... (see) that bright star? — Yes,
it’s wonderful, isn’t it?

PRONUNCIATION FOCUS

5 Listen, read and repeat.


[ʌ] — London, Londoner, much,
lovely, country
[ə] — England, London,
Scotland, Ireland
[æ] — family, fantastic, travel,
capital
[eɪ] — famous, favourite,
Great Britain, Wales
[aɪə] — dialogue, Ireland,
Northern Ireland

85
UNIT  3 Section 1

6 Look at the map and complete the sentences.


1. The official name of the country is the ... .
2. The short name is the ..., or the United Kingdom.
3. The country consists of ... parts. They are ... .
4. The capital of the country is ... .

The United Kingdom of Great Britain


and Northe
Northern
ern Irelan
Ireland
nd

SCOTLAND

Edinburgh

NOTHERN
IRELAND Belfast

ENGLAND

WALES
Cardiff
London

7 Listen and check if you were right.

8 Look up some extra information about the UK, its capital and different parts
in the Cultural Guide.
86
UNIT  3 Section 1

9 Listen to Helen and Egor. Answer the questions.


1. Do Helen and her family like to travel?
2. What gift did Egor give to Helen?
3. What Russian cities did Egor tell Helen about?
4. What are these cities famous for?
5. What other place did Egor speak about? Why do people visit it?

10 Make up sentences. Complete the first column with three names


of people / places / sights.

Russia popular countries in the


St Petersburg famous theatres world.
Alexander Pushkin is one of hospitable writers in the
... the most beautiful cities country.
... well-known museums in our city.
... interesting actors in Europe.

11 Make complete phrases with WORD FOCUS


the words. Then translate them.
12 Read and remember.
1147 — eleven forty-seven
to be in 1147 (eleven forty-seven) 1177 — eleven seventy-seven
founded
1703 — seventeen oh three
1860 — eighteen sixty
modern / old buildings 1979 — nineteen seventy-nine
to be full of places of interest 2016 — twenty sixteen
its historical buildings /
to be lovely houses
famous for famous writers / scientists
87
UNIT  3 Section 1

13 Read the texts from the book “About Russia”.


In which text can you find information about
a) the weather in the city?
b) the city’s places of interest?
c) a famous person?
d) the national food?

1. This famous Russian city was founded in 1147 by Prince


Yuri Dolgoruky. Now it is the capital of the Russian
Federation. Though the city is the business centre of the
country, there are more than 90 museums, 10 large sta-
diums, and 40 theatres in it. It is famous for Red Square
and the Kremlin, the Tretyakov Gallery, the Pushkin
Museum and the Bolshoi Theatre.

2. Vladivostok is the largest Russian sea port on the Pacific


Ocean. It was founded in 1860. Due to its position the city
has long, foggy springs and warm but rainy summers. The
winters are cold, windy and snowy. The best time to visit
Vladivostok is from August to the end of October. It’s
warm and sunny in autumn. The blue sky and colourful
trees make Vladivostok look lovely.

3. The city is often called the third capital of Russia. Kazan


has a long history. It was founded in 1177. Every year lots
of tourists from different countries visit Kazan. Kazan is a
hospitable city. It is famous for its traditional “tatar”
dishes. Tourists can enjoy local meat dishes, pies with dif-
ferent fillings and cakes with nuts and honey.

4. Arkhangelsk was founded in 1583, not far from the White


Sea. This northern city has a rich history. It is famous for
its places of interest and for its people. Mikhail Lomono-
sov, the famous Russian scientist, was born in 1711, in a
village near Arkhangelsk. He did a lot for Russian science.
In 1755  he founded the Moscow University. Nowadays
the Moscow State University, named after Lomonosov,
is known all over the world.

LOOK AND LEARN!

to be founded — быть основанным


a museum [mju:ˈzi:əm] — музей
a stadium [ˈsteɪdiəm] — стадион
to be famous for — быть знаменитым
a square [skweə] — площадь
hospitable [ˈhɒspɪtəbl] — гостеприимный

88
UNIT  3 Section 1

14 Choose one of the cities from Ex. 13


and read aloud the information
about it.

15 Listen to the text and complete


the sentences.
1. Vladimir is one of ... .
2. The city stands on ... .
3. The city is famous for ... .
4. There are many ... .
5. Tourists can buy ... .

GRAMMAR FOCUS:
ARTICLES

16 Read and remember. 17 Answer the questions about


Артикли a и the НЕ употребляются the cities from Ex. 13.
перед названиями: 1. Which city is the oldest / the newest?
• улиц — Regent Street, Baker Street, 2. Which cities are situated near the sea?
Arbat Street, Nevsky Prospect 3. Which city is situated in the north of
• площадей — Trafalgar Square, Red our country?
Square, Times Square 4. Which city is famous for its national
• городов — Moscow, London, Paris dishes?
• большинства стран  — Russia, 5. Which city would you like to visit?
Italy, France, Spain Why?
Но: the Russian Federation, the UK,
the United States, the Netherlands

18 Match the words from the two boxes to make word combinations.
Use them to make your own sentences.
Example: a famous monument
Look to your right! It is a famous monument to a fairytale character.

famous, historical, city / town, place, building,


interesting, modern, monument, house, souvenir
lovely, old, traditional,
beautiful, handmade

19 Write about the place where you live (your city / town / village).
Answer the following questions.
a) When was it founded?
b) Is it big / small; old / modern; nice / beautiful; hospitable?
c) What is it famous for?

89
SECTION 2 Walking Around London

20 Listen to the announcement on the tourist boat trip.


Complete the sentences.
1. The Thames is the most ... English river.
2. The Thames is also the longest river in ... .
3. It’s ... and there are a lot of fish in it.
4. During our trip we’ll see many ... of interest.

21 Look at the photos. Complete


the sentences with the correct names
of the places. Use the Cultural Guide
if necessary.
1. ... is a well-known English cathedral.
2. ... are the buildings where the British
Parliament sits.
3. ... is the most famous bridge in London. 1
Westminster Abbey
4. ... is an ancient fortress.
5. ... is the symbol of London and Great
Britain. The clock and the bell are
known all over the world.
6. ... is London’s central square.

LOOK AND LEARN!

a cathedral — собор
ancient — древний, старинный
a fortress — крепость The Houses of Parliament 2

90
SECTION 2
UNIT  3 Section 2

Tower Bridge 3 The Tower of London 4

Big Ben 5 Trafalgar Square 6

GRAMMAR FOCUS: THE  DEFINITE ARTICLE

22 Read and remember.


Определённый артикль the употребляется с названиями некоторых
исторических учреждений и сооружений:
the Bolshoi Theatre the Houses of Parliament
the Kremlin the Tower of London
the British Museum
the London Eye
Но:
Red Square Westminster Abbey
Palace Square Big Ben
Krymsky Bridge Tower Bridge
London Bridge

91
UNIT  3 Section 2

23 Read the texts (A—D).


Match the texts with the questions. C. Westminster Abbey is situated not far
from the Houses of Parliament and
1. What can tourists see on London’s
Big Ben. The Abbey was built in 1065.
main square?
Westminster Abbey has been the fa-
2. Is it a museum or a church?
vourite church of English kings and
3. Why do the birds live there?
queens for many years. Today, West-
4. Whose name is it?
minster Abbey is a working church
and a monument to the history of
England. Many famous writers, scien-
tists, poets and musicians are buried
in Westminster Abbey.
D. All the tourists that come to London
visit Trafalgar Square. Trafalgar
Square is often called the heart of the
capital. Tourists like to take photos of
this famous sight. Trafalgar Square is
the location for Nelson’s column with
four lions at its base. There are also
lovely fountains and monuments
there. Different concerts and festivals
take place in the square. Every year in
A. London has a lot of places of interest. winter you can see a large Christmas
One of the most famous sights in tree in the centre of the square.
London is the Clock Tower (or the
Elizabeth Tower) with Big Ben. It
stands near the Houses of Parliament. LOOK AND LEARN!
Many tourists come to the centre of
London to see the clock and hear the a sight [saɪt] — взгляд, достопримеча-
bell. Sometimes people name the tow- тельность
er and the clock Big Ben. But this is a tower [ˈtaʊə] — башня
not quite correct. Big Ben is a bell in to be situated — находиться
the tower. The bell is over two metres a church [ʧɜ:ʧ] — церковь
tall and chimes every hour.
24 Say whether the following
B. The Tower of London, an ancient for-
sentences are true or false.
tress, is situated on the banks of the
Correct the false sentences.
River Thames. The Tower is very old,
it was founded in 1066. It was a for- 1. Big Ben is the name of a large bell.
tress, a royal palace, and a prison. To- 2. The big bell in the Elizabeth Tower
day the Tower of London is a muse- chimes every 60 minutes.
um. It is also famous for the black ra- 3. Nowadays the Tower of London is
vens that live there. According to the a royal palace.
legend, the Tower and Great Britain 4. The black ravens live in the garden of
will disappear if the ravens ever leave Westminster Abbey.
the fortress. That’s why a special man, 5. Nelson’s column is situated in the
the Raven Master, feeds the ravens Tower of London.
and takes care of them. 6. Londoners and tourists can enjoy dif-
ferent shows in Trafalgar Square.
92
UNIT  3 Section 2

25 Read and say which places of interest these words can describe.
Talk about one of the London’s sights.
1. ... is called the heart of ... . 3. ... is situated next to ... .
... go there to take photos. ... is a working church.
... is the location for different festivals. Famous people are buried in ... .
2. ... is situated by the River Thames. 4. ... is one of the most famous ... .
... is a historical museum now. ... is situated in the Clock Tower.
... is famous for the black birds that live ... chimes every hour.
there.

26 Write a short article about the most famous Russian square.


Use the Cultural Guide if necessary. Use these questions to guide you.
1. What square is the symbol of Moscow and Russia?
2. Is it well-known all over the world?
3. What is it famous for? (St Basil’s Cathedral, the State Historical Museum,
the Kremlin etc.)
4. Do many tourists visit it every day?
5. What events take place in the square? (military parades, different shows and
festivals; skating rink)

27 Listen and complete the sentences.


1. Egor and Sveta ...
a) live not far from London.
b) visited London two years ago.
c) are in London now.
2. They decided to go first to ...
a) Westminster Abbey.
b) the Tower of London.
c) the Houses of Parliament.
3. They’ll go ...
a) on foot.1
b) by bus.
c) by car.

1
on foot — пешком
93
UNIT  3 Section 2

28 Say what tourists usually do when 29 Look at the pictures and say what
they visit a new country or a city. Sveta and Egor are doing.
Use: take photos, stay in a hotel, buy
a map of the place, go sightseeing, visit
museums, walk in the parks, go to the the-
atre in the evening, go shopping, buy sou-
venirs, enjoy traditional meals in cafés,
have a good time.
Example: Tourists usually take a lot of
photos.

WORD FOCUS

30 Read and remember.


place (происходить, иметь место)
to take part (участвовать)
(брать, взять photos (фотографировать)
(что-то) care of ... (заботиться о ...)
off (снимать (об одежде))

94
UNIT  3 Section 2

31 Read the text about the Tower of London.


Complete the sentences with the words from the box.

photos, place, part, care

Welcome to the Tower of London!


There are lots of wonderful sights and interesting activities in this ancient fortress.
You can visit the museums and see the famous Crown Jewels in one of them. You
can take ... of the famous black ravens that live in the Tower. There are six of them
and each raven has a name. You can enjoy historical performances that take ... in
the White Tower!
The guards of the Tower, known as beefeaters, take ... of the fortress and tell the
tourists about its long and cruel history. You can also take ... in historical trips. We
hope you’ll enjoy your day.
LOOK AND LEARN!

historical [hɪˈstɒrɪkl] — исторический

The White Tower

The Tower of London Beefeater

A raven
The Crown Jewels
95
UNIT  3 Section 2

32 Look at the photos (Ex. 31). 33 Complete the tag-questions


Read about the Tower of London, and answer them.
the White Tower and Beefeaters in the Example: The Tower of London is situat-
Cultural Guide. Answer the questions. ed next to Trafalgar Square, ...?  — The
1. What is the Tower of London famous Tower of London is situated next to Tra-
for? falgar Square, isn’t it? — No, it isn’t.
2. What can you see in the armour
1. The Tower of London was founded in
museum?
1066, ... ?
3. Where is the White Tower situated?
2. Beefeaters are the guards of Tower
What can you see there?
Bridge, ...?
4. Who are the beefeaters?
3. You can see the Crown Jewels in the
5. Where do the famous ravens live?
Tower, ...?
6. Would you like to visit the Tower?
4. The White Tower isn’t situated in the
Tower, ...?
5. The black ravens live in the Tower, ...?

34 Take part in the Quiz. Match the questions with the answers.
Use the Cultural Guide if necessary.

1. Where can tourists see the Crown Jewels? a) In Westminster Abbey.
2. Where is Nelson’s Column situated? b) On the bank of the Thames.
3. Where is Big Ben? c) In the Tower of London.
4. Where were some famous English people d) In the Clock (Elizabeth) Tower.
buried? e) In the centre of Trafalgar Square.
5. Where was the Tower of London built?

35 Listen and complete the following sentences.


The first letters of the missing words will help you.
1. Buckingham Palace is the place where the British Q... and her family live.
2. The royal Guard changes in f... of Buckingham Palace every morning from April
to the end of July.
3. Lots of t... come to Buckingham Palace to see it and take photos of it.
4. The Guard wear r... coats with white belts and b... hats.

Buckingham Palace Changing of the Guard

96
UNIT  3 Section 2

36 Read the letter and complete the sentences below.

Dear Sasha,
I’m writing to you from London. We came here a week ago
at the invitation of London West Square School. It’s our first
visit to London and we are enjoying sightseeing. Let me tell
you about our stay here.
On Monday we went to Buckingham Palace and saw
the Changing the Guard. There were a lot of tourists there.
Imagine, there are more than 600 rooms in the palace
and the royal family has got a cinema and a swimming pool! The
next day we visited the Tower of London. I took lots of photos.
Next to the Tower there is the famous Tower Bridge.
I was lucky to take photos of it when it opened.
We spent Wednesday in Greenwich. We went there by boat.
We visited the home of the “Prime Meridian”. It divides
the world into the East and the West. I took a photo of this
fantastic place too.
Yesterday it was rainy and windy, so we went to the British
Museum. You collect coins, don’t you? I bought a special souve-
nir for you there. Hope you’ll like it. Today it’s sunny and warm,
so we are going to the London Eye.
Well, I must go now. It’s time for us to leave.
Best wishes,
Egor
LOOK AND LEARN!

royal — королевский
East — восток
West — запад

1. On Monday Egor visited ... .


2. On Tuesday Egor ... . He ... .
3. On Wednesday ... .
4. On Thursday ... .
5. On Friday Egor ... .
97
UNIT  3 Section 2

37 Here are four sentences from Egor’s 39 Work in groups.


letter. Read his letter once more a) Look at the picture in Ex. 20 (page 90).
and decide where to add the sentences. Choose any place of interest you can
Mark the possible place in the text. see on the River Thames. Write a short
Listen to the text and check if you were story about this place. Use information
right. in this section and the Cultural Guide.
1. Everyone wanted to see the royal guards Follow the plan.
and their huge fur hats. 1. When it was founded / it was built.
2. I’ve got a paper saying that I visited the 2. What it is famous for.
“Prime Meridian”. 3. What it is (a cathedral / a church,
3. It opens up and ships go up and down a palace, a tower, a bridge, a square
the Thames. etc.).
4. The Beefeater told us all about the for-
tress and showed us the black ravens. b) Read your story to your classmates
but don’t name the place. Let them
38 Read the answers. guess what your choice was.
Make up questions.
Use: What (2)? When? Where? How?
How many? How long?
Example: How long did Egor stay in the
Tower of London? — The whole day.
1. The Tower of London.
2. More than 700.
3. The whole day.
4. On Wednesday.
5. By boat.
6. A souvenir for his friend.
7. To the London Eye.

98
SECTION 3 Have You Ever Been to. . .?

40 Complete the dialogue with the phrases from the box.

Excuse me, ...


You’re welcome.
Go down ...
... to get to ...
It’s not far ...

Tourist: Excuse me, could you tell me how ... London


Zoo?
Policeman: Yes, of course. ... from here. You have to
cross the park. Can you see that lane over
there?
Tourist: Yes.
Policeman: ... that lane and it will lead you to the zoo.
Tourist: Thank you.
Policeman: ... . Have a nice day!
— Excuse me, can you tell me where
41 Listen and check if you were right. the nearest underground station is?

42 Read and act out.

— Excuse me, I’m looking for


Westminster Abbey. Could you tell
me where it is, please?

— No, I’m afraid I can’t.


You’d better ask a policeman.

BE POLITE!

43 Read and remember.


Excuse me ... — Простите! Извини-
те! (before we do something or ask
somebody)
Excuse me, could you tell me .. ?
Sorry / I’m sorry — Простите! Изви-
— It’s just in front of you! Look! ните! (after we have done something)

99
SECTION 3
UNIT  3 Section 3

44 Change the questions according to 45 Listen and repeat. Find the pairs
the example. of words which sound similar
Example: Could you close the door, in Russian and in English.
please?
Excuse me, could you close the door, 1. photo a) турист
please? 2. park b) фрукты
1. Can you tell me where Baker Street is? 3. centre c) фото (фотография)
2. Could you pass me the book? 4. tourist d) банан
3. Can you tell me how to get to Trafalgar 5. banana e) центр
Square? 6. fruit f) парк
4. How can I get to Oxford Street?
5. Would you mind opening the window?

46 Complete the text. Use the present simple or the present continuous
of the verbs in brackets.

London Zoo is one of the oldest in the world. It was founded in 1828. The zoo is
situated in Regent’s Park, in London. A lot of different animals and birds ... (live) in
the zoo. Children and their parents can have a perfect day out here. There’s always
a lot to see, to do and to learn at the zoo.
I usually ... (go) to the zoo on Saturdays. There are more than 16,000 animals in
the zoo but I .... (like) the monkeys most of all. They are smart and funny. I often ...
(take) photos of them.
Look at the first photo! The two little monkeys ... (jump) over the bushes. They ...
(play) hide-and-seek.
Monkeys ... (love) carrots, apples, oranges and bananas. To stay healthy they ...
(need) to eat lots of fruit and vegetables. Look at that monkey in the second photo!
The monkey ... (eat) a banana.
Look at the third photo! The monkey ... (see) the zookeeper with the oranges in a
bowl. It .... (want) an orange. In a second the monkey is on his shoulder. Look, the
monkey ... (take) the biggest orange from the bowl!

100
UNIT  3 Section 3

47 Answer the questions. 48 Listen and repeat. Look at the pho-


1. How old is London Zoo? tos and match the names of the coun-
2. Where is the zoo situated? tries with the places.
3. How many animals live in the zoo? Example: Red Square is a symbol of Rus-
4. What animals does the author usually sia.
take photos of? Australia Great Britain
5. What are the author’s favourite ani- China Russia
mals? Why does he like them? Canada the USA
6. What is your favourite animal? Why do
you like it?

1 2
The Houses of Parliament The White House

3 4
The Sydney Opera House Red Square

5 6
The CN Tower The Great Wall

101
UNIT  3 Section 3

49 Read about the famous places 6. Why did the people of China build the
from the photos on page 101 Great Wall?
in the Cultural Guide. Answer
the questions. 50 Say what your village / town / city is
famous for.
1. When is the flag flown above the Hous-
es of Parliament? Use: places of interest (an old church /
2. Where is the White House situated? cathedral, an interesting museum, a mon-
3. Why do tourists like visiting the CN ument, a historical building, a fortress,
Tower? a tower, a bridge, a big stadium); a nice
4. Why was Red Square named “red”? park, a river, a lovely lake; its history;
5. What can you do in the Sydney Opera a festival; famous people who were born
House? or lived there.

GRAMMAR FOCUS: I’VE BEEN TO   . . .

51 Read and remember.


I have been to London. = I visited London.
Jess has been to Australia. = Jess visited Australia.
I have been = I’ve been
I have not been = I haven’t been
He has been = He’s been She has been = She’s been
He has not been = He hasn’t been She has not been = She hasn’t been
They have been = They’ve been They have not been = They haven’t been
Have you ever been to London? — No, I haven’t. I’ve never been to London.
But I hope to see it one day!

52 Work in pairs. Ask and answer 54 Listen, read and act out.
the questions. Change the names A: What are you going to do tomorrow?
of the cities (or the countries) B: I don’t know yet. And do you have any
each time. plans?
Example: Have you ever been to Smo- A: Yes, I do. Have you already been to the
lensk? — Yes, I have. / No, I haven’t. Robot Exhibition?
• London / Ottawa / Sydney / Moscow / B: No, I haven’t.
St Petersburg / Sochi? A: My father and I are going there to-
• Great Britain / China / France / morrow morning. Would you like to
Spain / Italy? go with us? The exhibition is worth
seeing.
53 Say where you’ve never been
but would like to visit, and explain why. LOOK AND LEARN!
Use: take photos of, go to, go sightseeing,
visit, buy, play, walk (along / in), enjoy an exhibition [eksɪˈbɪʃn] — выставка
is / are worth seeing  — стоит посмо-
Example: I have never been to Lake Bai-
треть
kal. I’d like to visit the lake because people
say it is a wonderful place. It is beautiful
there.
102
UNIT  3 Section 3

55 Make up sentences.
Example: The zoo is worth visiting because you can see exotic animals there.

The Harry Potter films


The story of Tom Sawyer
visiting
The exhibition in the Russian Museum
reading because
The Moscow Kremlin Museums is / are worth
seeing ...
London Zoo
listening to
The young musicians’ concert
The ancient fortress

56 Complete the dialogue. Act it out with your classmate. smate.


A: Have you been ... ?
B: No, I haven’t.
A: ... . It’s worth visiting / seeing. Let’s visit / see ... .
B: OK. I’d love to ... . / I’m afraid I can’t.

57 Listen and complete the sentence.


The photo exhibition is about ...
a) the school and its students.
b) life in the town.
c) the students’ pets.

58 Match the words with the definitions.

1. a writer a) a person who writes poems


2. a singer b) a person who plays sport
3. a scientist c) a person who sings songs
4. a poet d) a person who does experiments
5. a sportsman e) a person who writes stories and novels

WORD FOCUS

59 Complete the table.


to sing петь a singer певец / певица
to visit посещать a visitor посетитель
бежать a runner
to dance a dancer
a swimmer
to teach учить a ...
to write a ....

103
UNIT  3 Section 3

PRONUNCIATION FOCUS
61 Work in pairs. Read the texts.
Ask your partner about the museum
60 Listen and read. he / she has read1 about.
[u:] — school, room, group, souvenir Answer his / her questions.
[ɜ:] — learn, birthday, work, worth 1. When was the museum founded?
[ʃn] — decoration, collection, exhibi- 2. Where is it situated?
tion 3. What can visitors see in the museum?
[k] — character, chemistry, Christ- 4. What can visitors do in the museum?
mas, detective 5. When can people visit the museum?
[ks] — exercise, exhibition, experi- 6. Have you got a similar museum in your
ment city / town?

1
has read — читал(-а)

The Sherlock Holmes


Museum
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle wrote four novels and fifty-six stories about the famous
detective Sherlock Holmes and his friend Dr Watson. According to the books, they
lived in London, at 221B Baker Street.
In 1990 the Sherlock Holmes Museum was opened at this address.
The rooms in the museum look exactly as in the books. The visitors can sit in
Mr Holmes’s armchair, put on his famous cap and see his violin and his chemistry
equipment. They can also visit Dr Watson’s room.
On some days the visitors can meet Dr Watson who will answer any questions
about Sherlock Holmes and his flat. The part of Dr Watson is played by an actor.
There are some special souvenirs in the museum shop. The museum is open every
day of the year (except Christmas Day) from 9.30 a.m. to 6 p.m.

104
UNIT  3 Section 3

The Science Museum


It’s one of the most popular of London’s museums. It is situated in the centre of
the capital. The museum was founded in 1857. The Science Museum is worth visit-
ing because it is famous for its collections (everything from aeroplanes to micro-
chips). There are also different exhibitions and special activities both for adults
and children. Visitors can learn a lot about modern science and take an active part in
different experiments.
Visitors can also spend a Science Night in the museum and see a film in the IMAX
3D cinema. The museum also arranges  fantastic birthday parties. In the museum
visitors can buy original souvenirs for their family and friends.
Children and grown-ups can come to the museum every day from 10.00 a.m. to
6 p.m.

LOOK AND LEARN!

according to  — согласно ..., в соот-


ветствии с
62 Write a passage about any museum
an activity — занятие, деятельность
in your city / town or any museum you
have been to. Follow the plan.
a) The name of the museum.
b) When it was founded.
c) What you can see in the museum. TEST YOURSELF
d) What you can do in the museum.
e) Why it is worth visiting. Do the exercises in your Workbook.
105
SECTION 4 A Wonderful View

PRONUNCIATION FOCUS
The London Eye
64 Listen, repeat and read.
[u:] — soon, souvenir, true
63 Listen to the phone conversation. [i:] — people, metres, wheel
Complete the sentences. [əʊ] — also, photo, slowly, show
1. Sveta has already been to ... . [aɪ] — hi, eye, London Eye, high,
2. Today Sveta and her classmates are height, inside
going to ... . [ʤ] — just, giant, enjoy, arrange

65 Here is a short text about the London Eye from the Cultural Guide.
Read the text and answer the questions.
The London Eye is a giant wheel1 which is situated on the south bank of the River
Thames. It was put up in 2000. The London Eye is 135 metres high and turns very
slowly. There are 32 comfortable capsules2 for people to stand and sit in. The visitors
have a wonderful view over the Thames and central London. The trip takes 30 min-
utes. More than 3 million people visit the London Eye every year. There is a shop
below the London Eye where tourists can buy different souvenirs.

1. Where does the London Eye stand? LOOK AND LEARN!


2. Is the London Eye a high construction?
3. Does the London Eye turn slowly or quickly? to turn [tɜ:n] — поворачивать(ся)
4. How many capsules does the London Eye have?
5. How long does a trip on the London Eye last?
6. Is the London Eye popular?
7. Do you have a giant wheel in your city / town?

1
a giant wheel — гигантское колесо
2
a capsule [ˈkæpsju:l] — капсула, кабина на колесе обозрения
106
SECTION 4
UNIT  3 Section 4

66 Match the words in the two 67 Look at the picture and say what
columns to make word combinations. the tourists are doing. Would you like to
Make up your own sentences with them. ride the London Eye? Why? / Why not?
1. to make a) left / right Use: ride the London Eye, sit on the
2. to turn b) fun bench inside the capsule, take a selfie, take
3. to have c) place photos of London, talk on a mobile
4. to take d) sightseeing phone, listen to music, enjoy the trip.
5. to go e) hard Example: Some tourists are riding the
6. to work f) friends London Eye. They are enjoying the trip.

68 Match the questions with the answers.


Say what you have learnt about the Ostankino Tower.
1. Is the Ostankino Tower an old fortress?
2. When was the Ostankino Tower built?
3. Why was it named the Ostankino Tower?
4. What is the height of the Ostankino Tower?
5. Is it possible to go inside the Tower?
6. Why do people visit the Tower?
a) Of course! The lift takes tourists to the observation deck1.
b) Ostankino Tower is 540 metres high. It is a member of
the World Federation of Great Towers.
c) They can enjoy a bird’s-eye view2 of Moscow. There is
also a glass floor, so people, if they are brave enough, can
even enjoy watching Moscow under their feet.
d) Almost 50 years ago, in 1967.
e) The Tower got its name from the Ostankino district of
Moscow where it’s situated.
f) No, it’s not. It’s a modern television and radio tower.
It’s also a symbol of Moscow.
1
an observation deck — смотровая площадка
2
a bird’s-eye view — вид с высоты птичьего полёта
107
UNIT  3 Section 4

69 Is there any place in your town / 70 Listen to Chris and Olga.


city / village where you can enjoy Say what places Chris recommends
a bird’s-eye view? What is it famous for? Olga to visit in London.

GRAMMAR FOCUS: FORMS OF THE VERBS

71 Read and learn.


the -ing form (Participle I) the 3rd form (Participle II)
Regular verbs + ing + ed
a smiling girl — a painted house —
улыбающаяся девочка покрашенный дом
Irregular verbs a burning candle — a written letter —
горящая свеча написанное письмо

72 Read the story. Say who:


a) went to the park on a sunny morning? f) sat down and began reading a book?
b) bought a packet of crisps? g) took crisps from the opened packet?
c) saw the children and their mothers in h) gave the last crisp to the other person?
the playground? i) stood up and left the park?
d) found a bench under the tree? j) found a packet of crisps in the bag?
e) had a newspaper to read?

It was sunny and warm that Saturday morning, and Olivia decided to spend the
day in the park. She came out of the house, bought a packet of crisps, turned to the
left, passed a newly painted building and came into the park. Olivia walked slowly
along the lane. She went past the playground where she saw playing children and
their smiling mothers. It was very noisy. Olivia turned to the left. There was nobody
there. Olivia saw only the singing birds in the trees and the jumping squirrels.

108
UNIT  3 Section 4

Soon Olivia found a nice bench1. An old man was sitting there2. He was reading3
a newspaper. Olivia sat down on the bench, took out her book and started to read.
Olivia took some crisps from the opened packet of crisps between her and the old
man, and he took some crisps from the packet too. Olivia was surprised. She looked
at the strange man, but he was calm. Olivia didn’t say anything and started reading
again.
Every time Olivia took some crisps from the packet, the old man took some crisps
too. Soon there were only a few crisps left in the packet. The girl looked at the strange
old man. He took the last two crisps and gave one to Olivia. The girl was surprised.
She put the book into her bag and left the park as fast as possible.
When Olivia came home and took the book out of her bag, she saw the packet of
crisps in her bag.
LOOK AND LEARN!

to be surprised — удивляться

73 Read the underlined phrases in the text again and translate


them into Russian.

74 Answer the questions.


1. Why do you think Olivia left the park and went home?
2. What did Olivia find in her bag when she came home?
3. Why did the old man take crisps from the packet on the bench?

75 Put the sentences in the right order.


Olivia was surprised when the old man began to eat her crisps.
Olivia found a packet of crisps in her bag.
The old man was reading his newspaper.
1 Olivia came to the park to enjoy the nice weather.
The old man gave Olivia the last crisp.
The girl saw a bench in the park. An old man was sitting there.
Olivia put the book into her bag and went home.
Olivia started reading her book and took a crisp from the packet.

76 Try to tell the story from Olivia’s point of view.


123

1
a bench — скамейка
2
An old man was sitting there. — Пожилой человек сидел там.
3
He was reading... — Он читал...
109
SECTION 5 Worth Visiting

77 Listen to the joke and complete the sentences.


Act the joke out with your classmate.
Father: Phil, ... you ... the water in the aquarium?
Philip: No, what for, Dad? The goldfish ... not drunk
this water yet.
78 Read the sentences. Compare the forms
and meanings of draw.
1. Alice is 5. She likes to draw. She draws every day.
2. Alice is in her room now. She is drawing flowers for
her mum.
3. Alice has already drawn the flowers. They are nice.
Would you like to have a look at her picture? GRAMMAR FOCUS:
THE PRESENT PERFECT
79 Read and remember.
Глаголы в present perfect используются для выражения действий, которые
произошли в прошлом, но результат можно наблюдать в настоящем.
The doctor told me her name but I have forgotten it. — Доктор называла
мне своё имя, но я его забыла (cейчас я не помню её имени).
Часто present perfect используется для того, чтобы сообщить о том, что
случилось только что:
Mum, I have done my homework! May I go for a walk? — Мама, я сделал
домашнее задание! Можно мне пойти погулять?
Спутниками present perfect являются слова:
already (уже), just (только что), recently, lately (недавно), not yet (ещё не),
never (никогда), ever (когда-либо).
Present perfect образуется с помощью вспомогательных глаголов have или
has и основного глагола в 3-й форме:
have / has + 3rd form of the verb (Participle II)

I
We have + lost = ’ve lost
You
I’ve lost my ruler. Could you give me your ruler, please?
He
She has + lost = ’s lost
It
He’s lost his key and can’t open the door.

80 Put the verbs from the box in the present perfect.


Example: have done; ...
do, ask, begin, open, go, take, catch, make, find, collect, write, wash, choose, drink,
decorate, buy, read, see, feed, work, leave, finish, get, have, come, arrange, bring

110
SECTION 5
UNIT  3 Section 5

81 Make sentences with the words from the table.

drawn the picture.


I visited the museum.
We done the Maths test.
have already
They watered the plants.
has just
She arranged the meeting.
Mike read the book.
fed the pets.

82 Look at the pictures and say what has happened.


Use: just, already
Example: Penny has just made chocolate biscuits.

1 2

Penny … (make) chocolate biscuits. Peter … (wake) up.

3 4

Jim and Jill … (find) their Christmas gifts. The sisters … (have) their lunch.

5 6

Julia Nelson … (buy) some souvenirs Egor … (send) a message to his friend.
for her Russian students.
111
UNIT  3 Section 5

83 Make sentences with the words from the table.

sent the letter (yet).


I
translated the text (yet).
We
haven’t repaired the bike (yet).
They
hasn’t written the letter (yet).
He
made a snowman (yet).
She
had a picnic (yet).

84 Complete the sentences. Say what hasn’t happened yet.


Example: I’ll phone you later. I ... (not finish) my homework. — I haven’t finished
my homework yet.
1. Tomorrow they will have a fancy-dress party at school. However, Jill ... (not
choose) a fancy dress for the party.
2. Tim ... (not see) the new comedy. He is going to see it tomorrow.
3. We ... (not have) lunch. We are going to have it in half an hour.
4. They are going to leave London tomorrow. However, they ... (not be) to the Tower.
5. Kate plays the guitar very well. But she ... (not take) part in any school concerts.

85 Do you know the fairy tale about 86 Work in pairs. Say what you have
Cinderella? Every day she has a lot to do already done today and what you have
at home. Say what Cinderella has not done yet .
already done (+) and what she hasn’t Example: I’ve already taken my dog for
done yet (–). a walk but I haven’t played tennis yet.
Example: Cinderella has already made
the beds. She hasn’t washed the clothes
87 a) Listen and say what William has
yet.
already done.
William says that he:
• water the plants + a) has already done his homework;
• feed the hens and the ducks – b) has already taken his pet for a walk;
• do the washing-up + c) has already done the washing-up;
• make the beds + d) has already bought some bananas;
• sweep the floor + e) has already made a banana cake.
• cook breakfast –
• clean the room + b) Has William really done all
• wash the clothes – the things he says or was it a joke?

112
UNIT  3 Section 5

GRAMMAR FOCUS: THE PRESENT PERFECT

88 Read and remember.

The Present Perfect

+ – ?

I / you / we / they I / you / we / they haven’t Have I / you / we / they done


have done done the homework. the homework?
the homework. He / she hasn’t done Has he / she done
He / she has done the homework. the homework?
the homework.

89 Complete the dialogues. Put the verbs in brackets in the present perfect.
Then choose the funniest joke. Act it out with your classmate.

1. Mother: Mary! Sue! I asked you not to eat your sweets until lunch. And you ...
already ... (eat) all your sweets.
Mary: No, we haven’t. Sue .... (eat) my sweets and I ... (have) her sweets.

2. Teacher: Mike! Your father ... (write) this exercise for you!
Mike: Sorry! But my mother was too busy yesterday.

3. “Granny, can you give me another piece of cake, please?” asked Pete.
“Dear, I ... already ... (give) you two,” answered his granny.
“Just one more, please. It’s so tasty!”
“OK, here you are. But this piece of cake will be the last.”
“Thanks, Granny. But I have to say that you don’t have any will power1”

GRAMMAR FOCUS:
THE PRESENT PERFECT: SHORT ANSWERS

90 Read and remember.


Have you seen the film? — No, I haven’t.
Have they bought any souvenirs? — Yes, they have.
Have they been to the Science Museum? — Not yet.
Has Ben ever flown a kite? — Yes, he has.
Has Angela been to the cinema recently? — Yes, she has.
Has Tim taken part in a concert? — No, he hasn’t.
Has the dog found the ball? — No, it hasn’t.
1

1
will power — сила воли
113
UNIT  3 Section 5

91 Work in pairs. a) Ask your classmate if he / she has ever done these things.
Use: see a whale, swim with dolphins, ride a camel, eat a mango, drive a car, visit
London, write a song
Example: Have you ever swum with dolphins? — Yes, I have. / No, I haven’t.
b) Say what your classmate has never done.
Example: Dima has never swum with dolphins.

92 Read the list of things the Russian students were going to do


in London. Listen and say what they have already done and what they haven’t
done yet.
1. Visit the Tower of London.
2. Take photos of the ravens.
3. Hear how Big Ben chimes.
4. Travel on a famous London bus.
5. Go on the London Eye.
6. Visit London Zoo. ✓
7. Go to the Sherlock Holmes Museum.

93 Put the verbs in brackets in the present perfect.


Match the two parts of the sentences. Translate the sentences.
1. I’m afraid, I can’t take part in the game, a) because she ... just ... (run) a long distance.
2. Wow! We ... (finish) the project, b) so we can make a fruit salad for lunch.
3. My uncle ... just ... (return) from India, c) because I ... never ... (play) cricket.
4. I ... (buy) apples, bananas and oranges, d) so let’s watch another one.
5. I ... already ... (see) the film, e) so it’s time to have a rest.
6. Helen is very tired, f) so he can tell us about this country.
114
UNIT  3 Section 5

PRONUNCIATION FOCUS 95 Read the word combinations.


Make your own sentences with them.
94 Listen, repeat and read.
[ʌ] — London, Londoners, among, to be rich in monuments
love (быть богатым) parks and gardens
[ɑ:] — park, Regent’s Park, garden,
Kensington Gardens
to be proud of your city
[i:] — tree, green, believe, free, leave
(гордиться) your family
[aʊ] — around, playground, without,
proud, outdoor
[aɪ] — find, Hyde Park, horse riding, free park
sight (свободный; museum
бесплатный) time

96 Read the text.


Say what Londoners and tourists can do in the parks.

London is very rich


i h in k and
i parks d gardens.
d
Londoners love their parks and are proud of
them. London’s parks are full of trees, birds,
nice flowers, ponds and small lakes. You can
spend the whole day in the country — without
leaving London.
There are eight Royal Parks in and around
London. ... (1) They are Hyde Park, Green
Park, St James’s Park and Kensington Gardens. 4

115
UNIT  3 Section 5

Hyde Park is the biggestst of these four


four.
It has a lot of monuments and other sights.
... (2) Londoners ride their bikes and roll-
er-skate on the park roads, play tennis or
go horse riding there. From November to
January they can also skate in the Park.
There is a well-known place called Speak-
er’s Corner in Hyde Park. On a Sunday 8
morning anyone can speak about anything
he / she believes to be important. Regent’s Park is a lovely place for relax-
St James’s Park, the oldest of London’s ing and playing sports. There is a theatre
parks, is very beautiful with its green trees where in summer you can enjoy Shake-
and colourful flowers. In summer there speare’s plays outdoors. Since 1828, the
are free music concerts in the park. It is park has been home to London Zoo.
also a very popular place for picnics. The ... (5) Its lovely parks and gardens are
park’s lake has been home to many birds, free to all.
including swans and the famous pelicans.
... (3) LOOK AND LEARN!
Kensington Gardens are situated to the
west of Hyde Park. People enjoy walking to be rich in — быть богатым
there. ... (4) Many tourists come to Kens- to be proud of — гордиться
ington Gardens to take photos of the boy to be full of — быть наполненным
who lived in a magic land. free — свободный; бесплатный

97 Complete the text (Ex. 96) with the sentences.


a) London is one of the greenest cities in the world.
b) Four of them are situated in the centre of London.
c) There is a statue of the famous fairy tale character, Peter Pan.
d) It is famous for its outdoor activities.
e) In the 17th century Russian ambassador1 gave two birds with strong beaks2 to the
English King as a present.
1
an ambassador — посол
2
a beak — клюв
116
UNIT  3 Section 5

98 Look at the photos from Ex. 96. Find the sentences in the text to describe
the photos. Read them aloud.
99 Say which parks these words can describe.
1. ... is famous for its summer theatre.
... is a perfect place for playing sports.
... is home to London Zoo.
2. ... suggests different outdoor activities.
... has a lot of sights.
... has a special place for people to speak about any subject.
3. ... is not far from Hyde Park.
... is a lovely place for walking.
... has a monument to a fairy-tale character.
4. ... is the oldest park.
... is a lovely place for picnics.
... is home to swans and pelicans.
100 Have you read the story of Peter Pan? What is he famous for?
Use the Cultural Guide if necessary.

101 What do the parks look like in your city / town? Write about one
of the parks. Use these questions to guide you.
1. Where is it situated? (in the centre of ..., not far from the city, town)
2. Is it large / small? (nice / lovely / wonderful)
3. What can people do in the park? (walk, ride their bikes, roller-skate, play tennis /
football, go horse riding, have picnics, go on the rides, take part in festivals, visit
live music concerts)
4. Do you like your park? Why? / Why not?

117
SECTION 6 Enjoy the Party!

102 Listen to the dialogues. 103 Join the words in the first column
Guess where the action takes place. with the words in the second column
Complete the table. One place is extra. to make word combinations. Make your
a) In a museum. own sentences with them.
b) In a cinema. Example: orange juice; Would you like
c) In a shop. some orange juice? — Yes, please.
d) At a birthday party. 1. orange a) club
2. birthday b) game
Dialogue 1 Dialogue 2 Dialogue 3 3. invitation c) office
4. post d) pie
5. apple e) juice
6. school f) letter
7. board g) party

104 Read and say why Jess invited Sveta to her place.

Dear Chris,
Thanks for your email. Of course, I’ll tell you about our stay
in London. I have already written you about our visit to the
Tower and Science Museum, about our trip to Greenwich
and our ride on the London Eye, remember?
Today I want to tell you about a birthday party. One of our
English friends, Jess, had her birthday. Jess turned 12 that day.
She invited me and some other Russian students to her party.
We had a good time. We made new friends, played games,
danced and took photos. I have attached some of the photos
to this letter. Have a look! In the first photo I am chatting
with my new English friends. I spoke English and you’ll be
surprised but we managed to understand each other. In the
second photo, Egor is playing a board game with Philip.
And in the third photo, we are singing “Happy Birthday to
you!” around the birthday cake. The cake is nice, isn’t it?
And it was very tasty. I had two pieces of it.
So our London trip is going on. I’ll write you again
tomorrow.
Best wishes,
Sveta

LOOK AND LEARN!

to turn — исполняться
to chat — болтать
each other — друг с другом, друг друга и т. д.
а board game — настольная игра

118
SECTION 6
UNIT  3 Section 6

105 Match the verbs from 4. What did you do at the party? Did you
the text with their meanings. play any board games?
1. to chat a) to join a file to 5. Did you have a birthday cake? Did your
2. to go on an email friends and relatives sing a special birth-
3. to understand b) to talk friendly to day song to you?
4. to attach a person 6. What gifts did you get?
5. to invite c) to continue 7. Did you have a great time?
d) to ask to come
e) to know what 108 Listen to the dialogue.
a person has said Complete the sentence.
106 Read the sentences and say Egor would like some ...
whether the following sentences a) tea.
are true or false. b) apple juice.
1. It is the first Sveta’s letter to Chris. c) tomato juice.
2. Jess invited Russian children to her
PRONUNCIATION FOCUS
party.
3. Sveta enjoyed the birthday party.
4. Sveta took some photos at the party. 109 Listen, read and repeat.
5. Sveta spoke Russian with her new friends. [ɪ] — drink, rich, biscuit
6. Sveta didn’t eat the birthday cake. [i:] — eat, tea, people, piece, between
[ɒ] — coffee, popular, strong
107 Say how you celebrated your last [aɪ] — like, slice, pie, invite, knife
birthday. Use these questions as a plan. [ʌ] — cup, mug, lunch
1. When is your birthday?
2. Did you celebrate your last birthday?
Did you arrange a birthday party?
3. Who did you invite?

110 Read the text. Choose the best title.


1. It Became a Tradition
2. The History of Tea
3. Tea or Coffee?
British people like drinking tea. Tea became
the national drink of Great Britain long ago.
Nowadays British people drink tea at breakfast,
lunch, tea-time (around 3—5 o’clock) and dinner. They like tea more than coffee.
Tea came to Britain from China in the 17th century. At that time British people
usually had breakfast (in the morning) and dinner (in the evening). Some of them
were hungry in the afternoon. The Duchess Anna Maria of Bedford decided to have
a cup of tea and a little snack (slices of bread and butter) around 5 p.m. Then she
started to invite guests to her “afternoon tea”. Soon “the afternoon tea” became
popular. But tea was very expensive and only rich people could drink it.
Nowadays “afternoon tea” is still popular with all the people in the country. Brit-
ish people have it between three and five in
the afternoon. They set the table and have a LOOK AND LEARN!
cup of tea and a snack (a biscuit, a piece of
cake or a toast). English tea is usually very a slice [slaɪs] — (отрезанный) ломтик
strong. Most people have it with some milk. to set the table — накрывать на стол

119
UNIT  3 Section 6

111 Say whether the following WORD FOCUS


sentences are true or false.
Correct the false sentences. 113 Read and remember.
1. Nowadays British people drink more A slice of cheese / ham / bread — a
coffee than tea. thin piece of food which a person cuts
2. British people started drinking tea in from a larger piece.
the 17th century.
3. A rich woman started the tradition of
“afternoon tea”. BE POLITE!
4. Nowadays British people don’t have
“afternoon tea”. 114 Read and remember.
5. British people like tea without milk. Before you start dinner
Sometimes the English say:
112 Linda is going to arrange a party. Enjoy your meal! or Bon appetit!
Look at her list and say what she has During dinner
already done for the party Would you like some more pudding?
and what she hasn’t done yet. Yes, please. / No, thank you.
Just a little, please.
Example: Linda has already bought ba-
nanas, apples and oranges. But she hasn’t Don’t forget to say compliment to
set the table yet. your host during the meal
This is delicious!
Things to Do This is lovely!
1. Invite Ann, Helen, Sam and Philip. –
After dinner
2. Buy apples, bananas and oranges. + After dinner it is polite to say to your
3. Make cheese and ham sandwiches. – host:
4. Make a pizza. +
5. Ask Andrew to bring board games. + Thank you! That was very nice.
I really enjoyed it.
6. Decorate the room. –
7. Set the table. –

115 Work in pairs. Complete the dialogues with the phrases from the boxes.
Act them out with your classmates.

1 Mum: Jim, ... me to lay the table for tea?


What a lovely ... Jim: ... .
Of course. Mum: And don’t forget about the flowers, please.
... could you help ... Jim: OK. Wow! ... cake! What are we celebrating today?

Mrs Stock: ... another piece of pie? 2


Would you like ...
Alice: ... but no, thank you. I can’t eat any more. That was very nice ...
I really enjoyed it.

3 Egor: The fish was really tasty.


I really enjoyed it.
No, thank you. Mrs Stock: Oh, thank you. ... you liked it.Would you
I’m glad ... like some salad?
Egor: ... . The dinner was very nice. ...

120
SECTION 7 Talking about British Writers

116 Listen to the names of the popular


English novels and stories. Say which
books you have read in Russian.
“Oliver Twist”
“The Life and Strange Surprising
Adventures of Robinson Crusoe”
“Sherlock Holmes” stories
“Peter Pan”
“Winnie-the-Pooh”
“Alice in Wonderland”
“The Jungle Book”
“The Hobbit”
The “Harry Potter” series

117 Work in pairs. 118 Work in pairs. a) Do the quiz: say
a) Ask your classmate which books what books the following writers wrote.
by British writers he / she has read. Use the Cultural Guide if necessory.
Use the information from Ex. 116. Example: Charles Dickens wrote the book
Example: Have you read “Winnie-the- “Oliver Twist”.
Pooh”? — Yes, I have. / No, I haven’t. • Daniel Defoe
b) Compare your and your classmate’s • James M. Barrie
answers. • Rudyard Kipling
• Charles Dickens
Example: Dima and I have read ... . • Alan Alexander Milne
I have read ... but Dima hasn’t read it yet. • John R. R. Tolkien
• Arthur Conan Doyle
• Lewis Carroll
• Joanne K. Rowling
b) Listen and check if you were right.
121
SECTION 7
UNIT  3 Section 7

119 Read the texts. Say in which of the texts you can find
the information about:
a) how the hero got the first name;
b) who asked the author to write his / her book;
c) how the book helps people who have fallen ill;
d) how to play an outdoor game.

1. James  M.  Barrie’s story about Peter 2. Joanne K. Rowling invented her story
Pan was published1 in 1904. It’s a story about Harry, a young magician, and
about a boy who never grows up. The his friends in a train in 1990. But she
story became very popular. The au- published the book only in 1997. The
thor gave all the rights2 to his book to main character, Harry, got the sur-
one of London’s hospitals. Nowadays name from one of the writer’s friends.
the hospital gets all the money from When Joanne was a young girl, broth-
all films and performances of Peter er and sister Ian and Vikki Potter lived
Pan. The money is used to improve nearby.
the work of the hospital.
LOOK AND LEARN!

1
was published — была опубликована to invent — придумать, изобретать
2
gave all the rights  — отдал все права main — главный
(на книгу) a character — герой (рассказа, книги),
персонаж

3. Lewis Carroll told his story about a young


girl and her trip to a magic country to his
friend’s daughters. The three sisters liked
the story very much. They asked him to
repeat the story again and again. And the
youngest of the sisters, Alice, asked Lewis
Carroll to write the story down. Soon the
book “Alice in Wonderland” was pub-
lished.

122
UNIT  3 Section 7

120 Read the texts again


and answer the questions.
1. When did the writer publish his book
about Peter Pan?
2. Who did the writer give all the rights to
his book “Peter Pan”?
3. Where did the writer invent her story
about a young magician?
4. Did the young magician get his sur-
name from the writer’s relatives?
5. Who asked Lewis Carroll to write down
4. In his book, Alexander Milne wrote
his story about Wonderland?
about Poohsticks, a game for children.
6. Where can children play Poohsticks?
You can play it with your friends on
7. Can you play Poohsticks alone? Why?
any bridge over the running water. The
players drop their sticks into the water PRONUNCIATION FOCUS
on one side of the bridge, then they
run to the other side of the bridge. The 121 Listen, read and remember.
child whose stick first sails1 under the Mind the stress.
bridge becomes a winner. This game
′character ′island ad′venture
has become very popular in Britain.
′author ′desert sur ′prising
1
whose stick first sails  — чья палочка ′writer ′publish in′vent
первая проплывёт ′sailor ′manage de′scribe

122 Read the text and say why the novel about Robinson Crusoe
became popular.

Daniel Defoe (1660—1731) was a famous English writer. He wrote more than 500
books but only his novel “The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson
Crusoe” made him famous.
In his novel Daniel Defoe described the real adventures of a sailor, who lived
alone for four years on a desert island1. When his character, Robinson Crusoe, found
himself alone2 on an island, he managed to live using only the things he had on
the island. Robinson also met a man whom he called Friday. Friday became his
friend.
When the book was published in 1719, it became popular. Defoe made his story so
realistic that people believed it.
Defoe didn’t write his novel for children. But nearly every child now knows about
Robinson Crusoe and his adventures: how he learned to domesticate goats and to
make pots, how he made an umbrella and a calendar.
For writing his novel “Robinson Crusoe”, Daniel Defoe is called “the father of
English prose”3.
LOOK AND LEARN!
1
a desert island — необитаемый остров
2
found himself alone — оказался один a novel [ˈnɒvəl] — роман
3
“the father of English prose” — «отец an adventure [ədˈvenʧə] — приклю-
английской прозы» чение

123
UNIT  3 Section 7

123 Answer the questions.


1. When did Daniel Defoe write his most famous novel?
2. What is the title of the book?
3. What did Robinson Crusoe learn to do on the desert island?
4. Did Daniel Defoe write the novel about Robinson Crusoe for children?
5. Have you read the novel or watched the film about Robinson Crusoe? Do you
like the main character? Do you think that the novel is worth reading?
124 Look at the pictures. Say what Robinson Crusoe has already done.
Use the phrases from the box.
Example: Robinson has already made an umbrella.

build a house, make an umbrella / pots, cook bread, domesticate goats,


draw the calendar, meet Friday, make friends with Friday

125 Complete the sentences


about Daniel Defoe’s book.
1. Daniel Defoe wrote his novel “...” in ... .
2. Robinson Crusoe, the main character,
spent ... years on ... . 126 Listen to the interview and answer
3. He was clever and ... . the questions.
4. He learned to ... . 1. What books does Simon like reading?
5. Robinson Crusoe met a ...  on the 2. Who is Simon’s favourite character?
island. 3. Why does Simon like this character?
6. The novel “The Life and ...” is ... 4. What books does Alice like reading?
(interesting / boring). 5. Who is Alice’s favourite writer?
124
UNIT  3 Section 7

127 Work in pairs. Complete the dialogue with the texts (a—c).
Act out the dialogue.

A: What’s that? What are you doing? a) The life of the author is interesting too.
B: I’m preparing my PowerPoint He was born in 1892, in South Africa.
presentation for the Literature lesson. Then his family moved to Britain. He
A: Really? What is it about? invented Bilbo, the hobbit, during his
B: (1) ... trip when he was only 19. But he only
A: No, I haven’t but I’ve seen the films. published the book in 1937.
The films are very interesting. b) Yes, he spoke about 20 languages and
B: (2) ... even made up six his own languages. By
A: I’ve read that Tolkien could speak the way, he invented several new words
several languages. Is it true? for the English language, for example
B: (3) ... the word “hobbit”.
A: Wow. And ...
B: OK. I’m leaving. But I’ll come back. c) About John Tolkien, the author of “The
Hobbit” and “The Lord of Rings”.
Have you read them?

128 Tell about your favourite book. 3. What book have you read recently?
Follow the plan. What was it about?
1. My favourite book is ... . 4. Have you ever read a book in English?
2. It was invented (written, created) by ... . 5. Do you read any newspapers / maga-
zines? (name them if you read any)
3. This is the story about ... .
4. The main character is ... . b) Find out and say
5. The novel (book / story) is ... (interest- a) who in your group likes reading;
ing / funny) and it’s worth reading. b) what kind of books is the most popular
with the students of your group;
129 Work in groups. c) if anyone in your group has read a book
a) Answer the questions of the survey. in English;
1. Do you read much? d) if anyone in the group reads newspa-
pers / magazines.
2. What kind of books do you like read-
ing? (detective stories, adventure sto- TEST YOURSELF
ries, fantasy, fairy tales, stories about
children, poems) Do the exercises in your Workbook.
125
HOMEWORK

1 Complete the text. Put the verbs in the present simple or the present continuous.
Think how you can end the text.

I am sitting (sit) in the park and I ... (write) my notes at the moment. It ... (be)
hot. I ... (hate) this hot weather . I ... not ... (want) to sit here. But Sam ... (play) ten-
nis with his friend. They ... (run) and ... (laugh). They ... not ... (ask) for any ice
cream or cold lemonade. They ... (have) fun. They ... (like) the hot weather.
Oh, but I ... (see) an ice cream man! Ice cream ... (be) cold and tastes great.
Now I ... .

2. Read the text. Write questions 3 Complete the text.


to the answers (1—5). Fill in the if necessary.
Example: Novosibirsk is the fourth largest
city in Russia, isn’t? — No, it’s
the third.

Nowadays Novosibirsk is the third larg-


est city in Russia, after Moscow and St I live in one of the most beautiful cities
Petersburg. The city was founded in the of the world. Sometimes ... St  Petersburg
middle of Russia, in 1893. It stands on the is called the second capital of ... Russian
banks of the Ob, the longest Russian river. Federation. Tourists from different coun-
People say that the Ob is very beautiful in tries come to ... St Petersburg to visit its
autumn when the water is clear and the famous museums and to walk along ...
trees on its banks are red, yellow and Nevsky Prospect. You can see tourists
brown. from ... Italy and ... China, ... United
States and ... UK in ... Palace Square.
1. ... — In the centre of Russia. There are also lots of Russian tourists
2. ... — On the banks of the Ob. from ... Krasnodar and ... Vladivostok,
3. ... — No, it’s the longest Russian river. from ... Kaliningrad and ... Moscow.
4. ... — In autumn. Would you like to visit ... St  Petersburg
5. ... — There are colourful trees on its some day?
banks.
126
HOMEWORK
UNIT  3 Homework

4 Complete the sentences 6 Write the questions to the words


with the if necessary. in bold.
Example: ... Kremlin was founded as a Example: Trafalgar Square is situated in
fortress in the 14th century. — The Krem- the centre of London.
lin was founded as a fortress in the 14th Where is Trafalgar Square situated?
century. 1. The Tower of London is famous for the
1. Where is ... Westminster Abbey situat- black ravens that live there.
ed? — In the centre of ... London. 2. The Raven Master feeds the ravens.
2. What is ... Palace Square famous for? 3. Tourists come to the Elizabeth Tower
3. ... Tower of London was founded in to see the clock and to hear the
1066. famous bell.
4. ... Bolshoi Theatre is situated in ... 4. On Monday Egor and his friends went
Teatralnaya Square, in ... Moscow. to Buckingham Palace.
5. ... Big Ben is the name of a large bell, 5. There are more than 600 rooms in
not the clock. Buckingham Palace.
6. In the evening, the friends went to ...
Red Square. 7 Match the words in the two columns
7. There are lots of places to see and to to make word combinations.
visit in ... London: ... Houses of Parlia- Make up and write down five sentences
ment, ... Tower Bridge, ... Trafalgar with them.
Square, ... London Eye, ... British Mu- Example: Buckingham Palace is a place
seum. where the royal family lives.

5 Complete the text with the words 1. The Houses of a) Abbey


from the box. 2. Westminster b) Palace
3. The Tower of c) Square
photos, part, place, care 4. Big d) London
5. Buckingham e) Bridge
6. Trafalgar f) Ben
Kirill and Sasha are friends. There is 7. Tower g) Zoo
the Natural Studies Club at their school. 8. London h) Parliament
The friends are the members of the Club.
Kirill and Sasha take ... of the pets that live 8 Complete the sentences with have,
in the school. Kirill likes to take ... of the has, was and were.
pets. He often takes ... in photo exhibi- 1. ... you ever been to Red Square? — Of
tions. In November the photo exhibition course, I ... . We visited Moscow last
took ... in Moscow. Kirill’s photo won the summer and ... there.
prize. 2. My little niece ... not been to the zoo
yet. ... your little sister been there?  —
Yes, she ... . She ... at the zoo last Sat-
urday. But I ... not been to the zoo for
ages. Let’s go together!
3. The sisters ... already been to the Mos-
cow Kremlin. They ... there the day be-
fore yesterday.
4. I ... never been to the Robot Exhibition.
Is it worth visiting?  — Yes, it is. I ...
there yesterday and it is very interest-
ing.
127
UNIT  3 Homework

9 Translate from Russian into English.


1. интересный музей
2. новая выставка
3. знаменитый театр
4. историческое здание
5. королевский дворец
6. Выставку фотографий стоит посетить.
7. Музей знаменит своей коллекцией картин.
8. Британский музей был основан в 1753 году.
9. В соответствии с программой фестиваль (festival) начнётся в субботу.

10 Fill in prepositions from, for, of, to or in.

I have never been ... Nizhny Novgorod before. I stayed in the hotel not far ...
the centre of the city. I went sightseeing every day. Nizhny Novgorod is famous
... its ancient Kremlin, old churches and cathedrals, museums and monuments.
The city is situated on the bank ... the Volga River. It is one ... the most beautiful
rivers ... the world. I took a lot ... photos. Would you like to see them? I can send
you them by e-mail tomorrow. The photos are worth seeing.

11 Write the 3rd form of the verbs from the box.


Refer to the List of Irregular Verbs if necessary.
Example: write — written, play — played

invite, take, improve, travel, think, go, tell, return, come, eat, arrange, have, give,
swim, leave, make, buy, wake, shake, work, do, see, be, sing, run, sleep, fall,
send, turn, choose, learn, decorate, teach, wash, drive, fly, read

128
UNIT  3 Homework

12 Complete the sentences with have, haven’t, has or hasn’t.


1. ... the students read the text? — Not yet.
2. Let’s make chocolate biscuits. ... you got any butter, flour (мука) and sugar?
3. Ann ... done her homework yet. She won’t go for a walk with us.
4. ... Jim finished his Maths test yet? — Yes, he ... just finished it.
5. We ... already translated the sentences and learnt the poem by heart.
6. What ... happened? You look happy. — Oh, I ... got an “excellent” in Science.
7. The friends ... bought any souvenirs yet. They are going to do it tomorrow.

13 Do Ex. 103 on p. 118 in written form.

14 Complete the sentences with the verbs in brackets in the past simple
or the present perfect.
Example: We ... (not / see) the new film yet. — We haven’t seen the new film yet.
1. The tourists ... (just / come) into the museum.
2. The girl looks surprised. She ... (never / get) any letters.
3. ... (be) you to Lake Baikal? — No, I ... not. But I want to go there once.
4. We ... (turn) to the right, ... (cross) the square and ... (see) the theatre.
5. He is very tired. We ... (just / run) a marathon.
6. The children ... (go) to the Hermitage yesterday.
7. I ... (cook) a sweet pizza. Would you like to try?

15 Complete the text with the words from the box. There are two extra words.

colourful, guests, birthday, chatting,


time, next to, board, gifts

It’s Linda’s birthday. She has invited a lot of ...  . Her birthday party is in the
garden. All the guests are wearing ... paper hats. Jess and Ann are standing ... the
table. They are smiling and ... with each other. Some children are dancing. Kevin
and Jim are looking serious. They are playing a ... game. Tim is taking photos of his
friends.
Linda and her friends are happy. They are having a good ... .

129
UNIT  3 Homework

16 Do Ex. 112 p. 120 in written form. 18 Read the text about Robison Crusoe
(Ex. 122 on p. 123). Write the questions
17 Translate from Russian into English. to the answers.
1. главный герой Example: What novel made D. Defoe fa-
2. написать роман mous? — “The Life and Strange Surpris-
3. придумать сказку ing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe.”
4. знаменитый писатель
5. опубликовать книгу 1. ...? — More than 500.
6. Артур Конан Дойл (Sir Arthur Conan 2. ...? — He lived on a desert island.
Doyle)  — знаменитый английский 3. ...?  — Yes, he did. His friend’s name
писатель. Он написал 4 романа и was Friday.
56 рассказов о Шерлоке Холмсе 4. ...?  — It was so realistic that people
и  Докторе Ватсоне (Sherlock Hol- believed it.
mes, Doctor Watson). 5. ...?  — No, he didn’t. He wrote it for
7. Ты любишь читать? Какая у тебя grown-ups.
любимая книга?
8. Какую книгу ты прочитал недав- 19 Do Ex. 128 on p. 125 in written form.
но? — «Хоббит» (“The Hobbit”)

KEY VOCABULARY

Nouns: Verbs: Word combinations:


activity chat according to
adventure invent board game
cathedral turn each other
character be famous for
church Adjectives: be founded in
East ancient be full of
exhibition cultural be proud of
fortress free be rich in
museum historical be situated
novel hospitable be surprised
sight main I believe ...
slice royal It’s worth (doing)
square Adverbs: set the table
stadium already turn left / right
tower ever
West just
lately
never
recently
yet

130
PROGRESS CHECK

PART I

LISTENING

Послушайте два диалога. Определите место, где они происходят.


Вы услышите запись дважды.

1 Dialogue A
a) In the street b) In the museum c) In the shop

2 Dialogue B
a) In the school b) In the park c) In the museum

Послушайте рассказ о Пабло (Pablo). Выберите картинки, которые


соответствуют содержанию рассказа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

3 What did Pablo do in the park?

1 2 3

4 What did Pablo have for breakfast?

1 2 3

131
Progress check
UNIT  3 Progress check

5 What did Pablo buy for his friend?

1 2 3

6 What did Pablo and his friend do in the evening?

1 2 3

Points /6

READING

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 7—14.

This is a story about my Granny. She’s really the most fantastic old lady in the
world! Her real name is Elizabeth, but I call her Granny Beth! Before she moved to
the city, she lived in the country, in a large farmhouse.
Granny Beth lived alone in her house. But she didn’t feel lonely there because she
had many animals to take care of: a cow, six hens, two sheep and a cat.
My parents and I couldn’t visit her very often. But I was always happy to spend
my summer holidays with her in the country.
One day Granny Beth fell ill. She was not very seriously ill but my father said to
her: “You should move to the city and live with us.” Granny Beth thought about it
and agreed with my Dad. “All right!” she said. “I’ll move to the city.”
It was very difficult for her to say goodbye to her animals. But some kind people
from another farm promised to take care of them.
In the city Granny Beth wasn’t very happy. But one day she had an idea. There
was a large and sunny balcony in our flat. She liked it very much and decided to grow

132
UNIT  3 Progress check

some flowers there. Soon the balcony became green and colourful. But Granny Beth
wanted more.
“I’m missing my animals,” she said.
“Then why don’t you go to the country and bring them here?” I suggested. And
Granny Beth smiled.
She came back in a day or two with her cat and hens. We brought them to the bal-
cony and helped my granny to feed them.
Nowadays Granny Beth is much happier with her flowers and her animals on the
balcony. But there is still one question: “How is she going to bring her cow and sheep
to the city?”

В заданиях 7—9 выберите правильный ответ на вопрос (a—c).

7 What is this story about?


a) About Granny Beth and her farmhouse.
b) About Granny Beth and her animals.
c) About Granny Beth and her neighbours (соседи).
Закончите предложения, выбрав правильные ответы (a—c).

8 Granny Beth moved to the city because ...


a) she wanted to live in a flat.
b) she had some health problems.
c) she was unhappy in the country.
9 One day Granny Beth ...
a) moved back to her farmhouse.
b) brought her cow and sheep to the city.
c) made a little farm on the balcony.
В заданиях 10—14 определите, какие из приведённых утверждений
соответствуют содержанию текста (True), a какие не соответствуют (False).
10 Granny Beth lived with her grandson in the farmhouse.
a) True b) False
11 One day she gave her animals to the other farmers.
a) True b) False
12 In the city, Granny Beth planted flowers on the balcony.
a) True b) False
13 Her grandson didn’t want to bring any animals from the farm.
a) True b) False
14 Granny Beth couldn’t live in the city and went back to her farmhouse.
a) True b) False

Points /8

133
UNIT  3 Progress check

WRITING

15 Представьте, что вы получили письмо от английского друга


по переписке Мартина (Martin). Вот отрывок из его письма.

. . . Yesterday our teacher asked us to write about the place we would like to
visit. I wrote about Australia. . . .
. . . And what place would you like to visit? Why do you want to go there?
When (in what season) do you want to go there? . . .

Напишите Мартину письмо и ответьте на три его вопроса.


Не забудьте:
• обратиться к другу по имени;
• попрощаться с другом;
• подписать письмо.

Points /6

20—18 17—14 13—10 < 10

Very good! Good! Not bad! Try again!

134
UNIT  3 Progress check

PART II

SPEAKING

16 Выберите одну из карточек. Дайте устный ответ.

Card 1 Card 2

Talk about one of London’s sights. Say: Talk about your favourite book. Say:
• what the place is famous for; • what this book is about;
• why the place is worth visiting. • why you like it.

17 Выберите один из диалогов и разыграйте его с одноклассником.


Dialogue 1

Student 1 Student 2

You are about to get your school lunch.


• Ask your classmate what he / she
would like to have for lunch.

• Answer your classmate’s question.


• Ask him / her what his / her favourite
food is.

• Answer his / her questions.

• Invite him / her to have lunch


together.

• Agree to have lunch together.

Dialogue 2

Student 1 Student 2

You begin the conversation. • Answer your classmate’s questions.


• Ask your classmate: • Ask him / her:
— whether he / she likes reading; — what kind of books he / she likes to
— who his / her favourite writer is. read;
• Answer your classmate’s questions. — what his / her favourite character is,
and why.

Project
“Welcome to My Town!”
• Read the instructions and do the project in your Workbook.

135
4 FAMILY TALKS
SECTION 1 Writing Letters

1 Listen to Melinda Helford’s


interview, a student of Maple Walk
London School. Say what you have
learnt about her. Use these topics.
1. Foreign languages she speaks
2. Her favourite hobbies
3. Musical instruments she plays
4. Her friends

2 Listen and repeat. Find and read


the pairs of words which sound similar
in Russian and in English.

correspondent, group, information,


hobby, humour, instrument, interview,
local, musical, theatre, piano, guitar,
typical, manager, serious, student

группа, корреспондент, хобби


(увлечение), студент, театр,
музыкальный, интервью, гитара,
местный (локальный),
пианино (фортепиано), юмор,
типичный, менеджер, серьёзный,
инструмент, информация

3 Read and translate the word combinations.


Make your own sentences using these word combinations.
• a local group • to be a serious student
• a local train • to have a hobby
• a busy manager • to go to a theatre
• a musical instrument • to play the piano / the guitar
• a student’s interview • to arrange a trip
• a correspondent’s information • to have a good sense of humour
• an exchange arrangement
136
SECTION 1
UNIT  4 Section 1

4 Complete the text. Use the words from the box.

musical, an interview, foreign, for, invited, her

Melinda Helford is a student of Maple Walk London School. Her school ...
some Russian students to visit London during their spring holidays.
Melinda is responsible ... the arrangement of the English-Russian student
exchange. Melinda gave ... to a correspondent of a school website “School
friends”. She told him about her hobbies, the ... instrument she can play, the ...
languages she can speak and about ... friends.

5 Work in pairs. Read Melinda’s interview. Say where the Russian students
are staying in London and what sights they have visited already.
Correspondent: Melinda, could you answer some questions about the English-Russian
student exchange?
Melinda: Yes, of course.
Correspondent: Where do Russian students stay?
Melinda: All Russian students have got a host family through their pen friends.
It was arranged before their coming to London. For example, we offered
Vika to stay with Linda’s family. Tony offered Egor to stay with his
family. And my pen friend Sveta is staying with my family. Charlie, my
classmate, and his family are having a party for our guests at their place
next weekend.
Correspondent: What are you going to show your Russian friends during these two weeks?
Melinda: We’ve planned a lot of things for our guests and have discussed our plans
with our teacher Mrs Nelson. We want to make their stay in London an
interesting and unforgettable experience.
Correspondent: What places have you visited already?
Melinda: We have been to the London Eye, Trafalgar Square, the Tower of London
and the Science Museum. They say they’ve enjoyed the sightseeing.
Correspondent: Thank you very much. I am going to ask them some questions about their
staying in London tomorrow morning.

LOOK AND LEARN!

an exchange [ɪksˈʧeɪnʤ] — обмен


a host family — принимающая семья
unforgettable — незабываемый

137
UNIT  4 Section 1

6 Imagine that you are in a student exchange group in London now.


Tell the correspondent about one of the sights of London
you have visited already.
Use: have a great time in London, like ... most of all, unforgettable place / view /
time, be famous for, learn about history, buy some souvenirs, take photo of ...,
admire the place, it was great / fantastic

WORD FOCUS

8 Read, translate and remember.


change (сдача) — to give change, to
have no change
Here is your change. — Thank you.
to change (менять, меняться,
сменить, поменять) —
7 Complete the tag-questions to change one’s name
and give short answers. to change a dress (for a party)
Use the Grammar Reference to change pounds for rubles
if necessary. — Would you mind changing places?
Example: Melinda is a student of Maple — No problem.
Walk London School, ...? —
Melinda is a student of Maple Walk She is going to change her dress for
London School, isn’t she? — Yes, she is. dinner.
Can we change English pounds for
1. She can play the piano, ...? Russian rubles here?
2. Melinda speaks Spanish, ...?
Is the weather changing?
3. She doesn’t take part in the English-
Russian student exchange, ...? Let’s go to the theatre for a change.
4. Her hobbies are music and theatre, ...? (для разнообразия)
5. She has got a foreign pen friend, ...? an exchange (обмен) — a student
6. Yesterday Melinda gave an interview to exchange
the correspondent, ...?
138
UNIT  4 Section 1

9 Read Sveta’s letter and say what she wrote


about her stay in London.

Great Britain
London
14th April 2016
Dear Mum,
I am writing you in English just as you asked me to. I can’t believe I’m
staying in London for two weeks. Things are going really well here. So far
everything is unforgettable.
My host family is great and so friendly! Melinda and her parents are
very kind and hospitable. They have made me feel like a part of the family.
We do a lot of things together. I’m happy to have such an amazing
opportunity like this and to live with this fantastic family. I like speaking
English.
I’ve made some new good friends at school too. All the kids are very
friendly. I am having a really good time. I haven’t even been homesick.
We are going to Oxford tomorrow morning. At the weekend we are
going to have a party at Charlie’s house. As you can see, I’m quite busy!
Do you think we can invite Melinda and Charlie to our place? It will
be great!
Sending lots of love and best wishes to Dad and Granny.
Kiss you,
Sveta LOOK AND LEARN!

an opportunity [ˌɒpəˈtju:nəti] — возможность


homesick [ˈhəʊmsɪk] — тоскующий по дому
(родине)

10 Read and decide if the sentences are 4. Look! Our kitten ... (sleeps / is sleep-
true or false. Correct the false sentences. ing) in the hall.
5. My Dad ... (reads / is reading) his
1. Sveta wrote her letter in Russian.
newspaper every Sunday.
2. She is staying in London for a week.
6. Please call her later! She ... (has / is
3. Her host family is very hospitable.
having) a party.
4. She hasn’t made new friends at school.
5. She is going to Oxford tomorrow morn-
12 Imagine that you are staying
ing.
in London with Sveta and her friends.
Tell your classmates about your visit.
11 Complete the sentences Don’t forget to tell them about your
with the correct forms of the verbs. exchange partner, your host family,
1. Where is Jim? — He ... (plays / is play- sightseeing in London and your
ing) football in the yard. impressions.
2. What are they doing? — They ... (watch /
are watching) a football match. 13 Write a letter to your parents
3. What foreign languages does she about an interesting sight you have
speak? — She ... (is speaking / speaks) visited. Use the letter in Ex. 9
French. as a model.
139
UNIT  4 Section 2

SECTION 2 Describing the Family

14 Listen, read and act out the story.

Garry, Jimmy and Ozzy wanted to make their grandma happy. Garry said: “I am first
in Sience.” Jimmy said: “I am first in Maths.” Then grandma asked little Ozzy: “What
are you first in, Ozzy?” “Well, I am the first one out of the door when the bell rings.”

15 Work in pairs. Read and say what you have learnt about Melinda’s family.
Correspondent: Melinda, could you answer some questions about your family?
Melinda: With pleasure.
Correspondent: What would you say your family is like?
Melinda: We are a close family and we get on well with each other.
Correspondent: What do your parents do?
Melinda: My mum is a nurse and my dad is an office manager.
Correspondent: Melinda, how would you describe yourself 1?
Melinda: Well, I think I am curious and have a good sense of humour.
Correspondent: Have you got any brothers or sisters?
Melinda: I have got a sister, who is 5 years older than me, and a brother, who
is 3 years younger than me.
Correspondent: Do you get on well with them?
Melinda: Yes, I usually do, but sometimes my brother is a little naughty. As for
my sister, she is a very serious and understanding girl.
Correspondent: Have you got any family traditions?
Melinda: Yes, we always celebrate Christmas Day together.

LOOK AND LEARN!

close [kləʊs] — близкий, дружный a good sense of humour — хорошее


to get on well with somebody — хорошо чувство юмора
ладить с кем-либо naughty [ˈnɔ:ti] — капризный
a nurse [nɜ:s] — медсестра, няня serious [ˈsɪəriəs] — серьёзный
a manager [ˈmænɪʤə] — менеджер understanding [ˌʌndəˈstændɪŋ] —
curious [ˈkjʊəriəs] — любопытный понимающий

16 Choose the correct prepositions. PRONUNCIATION FOCUS


1. They get at / in / on well with each
other. 17 Listen, repeat and read.
2. He has a good sense by / of / on hu- [e] — friendly, athletic, intelligent,
mour. independent
3. Her brother is first in / at / on Maths. [æ] — activity, athletic, tactful
4. There are three of / with / from us in [ʌ] — butterfly, loving, understanding
our family: Mum, Dad and me. [ə] — opinion, polite, obedient
5. Let’s go to the cinema by / with / for [ɒ] — strong, optimistic, responsible,
a change. hospitable
[ɔ:] — tall, formal, talkative, naughty
1
describe yourself — описать себя
140
SECTION 2
UNIT  4 Section 2

18 Read about Charlie’s family.


Find all the members of his family in the picture.

This is my dad. His name is George My grandma is the greatest granny in


Dexter. He is the head of the family. He is the world! She is very polite and tactful.
an engineer. He is brave, strong, athletic She has a good sense of humour. She is
and friendly. He likes travelling and doing very interested in gardening and cook-
outdoor activities. ing.
My mum’s name is Susan. Mum works They say we are a close family. We try
in the British Museum. She is a guide. She to spend our free time together and ar-
likes to be well-dressed. Her favourite co- range regular dinners and fun birthday
lours are pink and light blue. She is very parties for all of us.
kind and loving. She likes reading, cook- My family is happy to arrange a party
ing and spending her free time with me for our Russian guests in our house this
and my little sister Charlotte. weekend.
Charlotte is five years old. She is curi-
ous and talkative. Usually she is obedi- LOOK AND LEARN!
ent but sometimes she’s a little naughty.
She likes butterflies and everything that is an engineer [ˌenʤɪˈnɪə] — инженер
pink and purple. athletic [æθˈletɪk] — атлетический
Freddie is my uncle. He is my Dad’s friendly [ˈfrendli] — дружелюбный
brother. He is a computer programmer. loving [ˈlʌvɪŋ] — любящий
He is very smart and intelligent. He talkative [ˈtɔ:kətɪv] — разговорчивый
doesn’t like formal clothes at all. He pre- obedient [əˈbi:diənt] — послушный
fers to wear jeans, pullovers and trainers. smart [smɑ:t] — умный
He has his beautiful wife, Alice. They have intelligent [ɪnˈtelɪʤənt] — сообразительный
got their cute puppy Brady. wise [waɪz] — мудрый
My granddad likes playing a game of polite [pəˈlaɪt] — вежливый
ping-pong from time to time. He doesn’t tactful [ˈtæktfl] — тактичный
usually talk much. He is very responsible, to be interested (in)  — интересоваться
independent and wise. (чем-либо)

141
UNIT  4 Section 2

19 Look at the picture of Charlie’s 23 Listen, repeat and learn the poem.
family on page 141. Describe each mem-
Your Sister
ber using the words from the box.
Example: His uncle is a tall, handsome Don’t ever kick your sister,
and strong man with dark clever eyes and Don’t do such an awful thing!
black hair. Don’t shout at her “Stupid!”,
Don’t slap her on her chin.
tall, handsome, dark (blue) eyes, Don’t take a funny mouse,
clever, slim, elegant, beautiful, he Don’t put it in her bag.
(she) looks like someone, fair / black Don’t put a “Kick Me!” sticker
/ grey hair, smart, energetic On your sister’s back.
Don’t leave your dirty trainers
20 Answer the questions about Inside your sister’s bed.
Charlie’s family. Don’t take a plastic spider,
1. What are Charlie’s mother’s favourite Don’t put it on her head.
colours?
2. What does his sister like? Don’t do this to your sister
3. What does his uncle usually wear? For if you ever do,
4. What does his granddad like doing? I’m sure she may also
5. What does his grandma enjoy doing? Do something worse to you!
6. What are the main characteristics of the
members of Charlie’s family?
24 Listen and repeat. Match
21 Make short descriptions the pairs of opposites.
of one of your relatives or your best Use: kind, polite, unfriendly, cruel,
friend. Use descriptions from Ex. 18 obedient, clever, naughty, non-athletic,
and Ex. 19 as a model. friendly, rude, silly, stupid, noisy, athletic,
quiet, wise, tactful, impolite
22 Write some stories about
your family. Example: beautiful — ugly

BE POLITE!
Do you mind! Can I see your ticket,
You are standing on my foot! please?
Oh, I’m very sorry. I’m sorry, I can’t find it.
It’s so crowded here. Will I have to buy another one?

142
UNIT  4 Section 2

25 Read the joke. What do you think 28 Describe your mum, dad, sister,
happened next? brother or your best friend. Which
of these words would you like to use?
Little Oswald is sitting on his father’s
knees in a crowded bus. An old lady gets A.
on the bus and the boy jumps down at athletic, non-athletic, strong, tall,
once and says: “May I offer you my seat?” short, slim, handsome, dark / fair /
grey hair, short / long hair,
blue / grey / dark / green eyes

B.

intelligent, sociable, responsible,


loving, shy, independent, clever,
beautiful, friendly, kind, polite,
unfriendly, cruel, obedient, naughty,
rude, stupid, noisy, brave, quiet

26 Make your family album so you


can tell your British partner about
your family.
a) Label the photos describing all family
members.
b) Write a story about a family tradition
(a birthday party, a New Year’s Eve party
etc.).

27 Listen, repeat and learn the poem.

My Elder Brother
I quarrelled with my brother, 29 Choose one of your classmates
I don’t know what about, to describe. Then let the others
One thing led to another guess who it is.
And somehow we fell out. WORD FOCUS

The start of it was slight, 30 Listen and repeat. Guess the mean-
The end of it was strong, ing of the words with un-, im-, in-,
He said he was right, non-.
I knew he was wrong! athletic — non-athletic
friendly — unfriendly
We hated one another.
famous — infamous
The afternoon turned black.
happy — unhappy
Then suddenly my brother
lucky — unlucky
Pushed me on the back,
real — unreal
And said, “OK, guy, come along! pleasant — unpleasant
We can’t go on all night — polite — impolite
Sorry, I think I was wrong ...” possible — impossible
So I knew he was right! usual — unusual

143
UNIT  4 Section 2

31 Find out the meaning of these words. 36 Read the joke. Act it out.
Use the dictionary if necessary.
Say the words with the opposite
meaning.

unfriendly — friendly
unwell — ...
untidy — ...
informal — ...
unlucky — ...
unpleasant — ...
impolite — ... — Granny, do you think Mum knows how
unknown — ... to bring up1 children?
independent — ... — Why are you asking about it, dear?
unlike — ... —  She makes me go to bed when I’m
to unzip — to ... awake and she makes me get up when I’m
to undo — to ... sleepy.

1
to bring up — воспитывать
32 Work in pairs. Interview your
classmate. Use the interviews in Ex. 1
and Ex. 5 as models.
37 Read the funny rules for parents
Use:
and their children.
Personal characteristics Add some of your own rules.
athletic, creative, curious, intelligent, re- Rules for parents
sponsible, sociable, independent, shy, 1. Buy chocolate cakes and new computer
rude, loving, kind, funny, naughty, talk- games every day.
ative, non-athletic, cruel, friendly 2. ...
3. ...
Family characteristics
Rules for children
active, hospitable, caring, warm, close, 1. Let your parents help you do your
traditional, loving, social Maths homework. They will have no
time to ask you questions about school
33 Say what kinds of people you like. and your social life.
Explain why. 2. ...
Example: I like kind people. They are 3. ...
thoughtful and easy to be around.
38 Describe an ideal family.
34 Find out what kinds of people Example: There are four people in the
your classmates like. family: a mother, a father, a brother and
Ask them why. a sister. The elder brother reads books to
his sister and takes her to the Children’s
35 Describe the person you would like Theatre. They live close to their grand-
to be friends with. Why? parents. ...

144
SECTION 3 Have You Got a Pet?

39 Read the interview about pets. Say what pets these children have got.
Correspondent: Have you got a pet? Could you tell a few words about your pet
for our magazine.

Tony Charlie Julia


My pet’s name is Bart. He I haven’t got a pet of my My pets are very different.
is very smart. He brings my own. But my uncle has a Puss is noisy. Kitty is lazy.
bag to me. I’m sure he un- cute pet. He is very curious. Tim is brave. But they get
derstands a lot of English I like playing with him. on well with each other and
words. I like them all very much.

Melinda Egor Sveta


My pet’s name is Kiwi. He My granny has got a lot of Her name is Ariel. She is
is very talkative. My ham- pets on her farm. There is a quiet and peaceful. I believe
sters are Jeremy and Honey. cow, some sheep, some she can grant my wishes.
They never stop playing. hens and a cockerel. But I She likes swimming all day
like Kuzya best of all. He is long.
smart and very energetic.

1 2 3

4 5 6

145
SECTION 3
UNIT  4 Section 3

40 When do we usually describe people’s appearance? Give some examples.


Example: When we are meeting someone for the first time at the airport.
When the police are looking for a criminal.
41 Read the detective story. Who are the main characters?
Answer the questions below.

Charlotte and Her Dog Muzzy


Poor Mrs Jonathan was left lying on the
ground with her eyes closed. Mum and
other people rushed to help her. Nobody
saw the robber except for Charlotte and
Muzzy.
“After him, Muzzy!” said Charlotte.
They followed the robber down Royal
Street and into Belfast Road. They didn’t
get too close. But they could see Mrs Jon-
athan’s bag inside his jacket.
Halfway along Sainsbury Street the
robber stopped and looked around.
“Let’s walk and play, Muzzy!” Charlotte
told Muzzy. Behind him, the robber saw
just a small girl walking with her big dog.
“We only want to see where he goes.
We don’t want to catch him,” said Char-
lotte.
Part 1 Before number ten the robber stopped,
Charlotte and her dog Muzzy were opened the door and went inside.
close friends. Muzzy thought Charlotte “Got it! Number 10 Sainsbury Street,”
was the kindest girl in the world. Charlotte said Charlotte.
thought Muzzy was the smartest dog in She opened her schoolbag, took out
the world. a sheet of paper, wrote a note and gave it
Charlotte’s mum thought they got on to Muzzy.
well with each other. They were the most I’ll stay here and watch for him. You go
loving family in the world. Muzzy could for help, Muzzy. Give the note to Mum.
play all kinds of games with Charlotte and Go!” she said.
could bring in magazines and newspapers
from the letterbox to her mum every day. 1. Who were Charlotte and Muzzy?
Muzzy and Charlotte went together ev- 2. What things could Muzzy do?
erywhere. He could carry Charlotte’s bag 3. Where did they go together every day?
to school. He waited when the lessons 4. What did they see one day?
were over and Charlotte came out. After 5. What did Charlotte’s mum and the
school they visited Charlotte’s mum at other people do?
work. She worked in the café near their 6. What did Charlotte tell Muzzy?
house. 7. Whom did the robber see behind him?
One day they saw a robbery. It was in 8. What did Charlotte want to see?
front of mum’s café. A robber pushed Mrs 9. Who went for help?
Jonathan, took her bag and ran off. 10. What do you think Charlotte wrote in
the note?
146
UNIT  4 Section 3

42 Complete the text with the words 47 Write a short story about your pet
from the box. or your friend’s pet.

bring, friends, note, her, smartest, 48 Listen and repeat the tongue
ran, robber twisters.

Swan swam over the sea,


Swim, swan, swim!
Charlotte has a close friend called
Swan swam back again
Muzzy. Muzzy is a kind and intelligent
Well swum, swan!
dog. Charlotte was sure that Muzzy was
the ... dog in the world. Muzzy could ...
magazines and newspapers from the let- Black bug bit a big black bear.
terbox to Charlotte’s mum. One day the ... But where is the big black bear
saw a robbery. A robber pushed a woman, that the big black bug bit?
took ... bag and ran off. Nobody saw the ...
except for Charlotte and Muzzy. They
went after the robber. Then Charlotte Kitty caught the kitten in the kitchen.
wrote a ... with the address and gave it to
Muzzy. Muzzy ... to Charlotte’s mum.
49 Read the end of the detective story.
Say how the police caught the robber.
43 Make a list of all verbs used
in the text. Compare your list with your Charlotte and Her Dog Muzzy
classmate’s. Then say the three forms
Part 2
of the verbs from your list.
Example: Muzzy looked for Charlotte’s mum at
were — be — was (were) — been home, but she was not there. Muzzy
thought — think — thought — thought thought about it and went to the café. He
saw a lot of people there. One of them was
a police officer. Mrs Jonathan and mum
44 Try to guess what happened next
were sitting down and talking with the
in the story. Choose from the following:
police officer.
a) Muzzy lost the note so the police didn’t “Muzzy!”  — mum came over to the
catch the robber. dog. “Where is Charlotte?” Muzzy gave
b) Charlotte couldn’t see the robber and mum the note and she read it aloud. “The
he got away. robber is at 10, Sainsbury Street. Get the
c) The police arrived in time and the rob- police!”
ber was arrested. “What a brave girl, and what a smart
dog you are!” said the police officer. “Go
45 Work in pairs. Discuss the question. straight to the police car. Hurry up!”
What pets do you have or would like to Charlotte was standing behind a tree
have? Why? waiting for Muzzy. She knew Muzzy and
mum would be back soon. But she
46 Tell your classmates about your pet. couldn’t see the robber anymore. Sudden-
(If you haven’t got a pet, imagine one.) ly the door opened and the robber came
out from the house. He was going to get
Use: My pet is ... (a dog, a cat, a hamster,
into his car. Charlotte wished she still had
a parrot etc.). Its name is ...  . It can ...  .
It likes ... . It is funny, smart ... .
147
UNIT  4 Section 3

51 Make a list of all verbs from


the text. Compare your list with your
classmate’s.
Example:
saw — see — saw — seen
was sitting — sit — sat — sat

52 Work in pairs. Discuss the following


questions.
1. What characters do you like / dislike in
the story about Charlotte and her dog?
Muzzy with her.1 The robber looked Why? / Why not?
around. He saw the girl hiding behind the 2. Is the story interesting to you? Why? /
tree! “Hey, kid! I saw you earlier. Come Why not? What do you want to change
here!” Charlotte was in danger now. She about it?
was ready to take off. The robber was com-
ing at her ... 53 Write down the main points
“Stop where you are!”2 The police car of the story. Retell the part of the story
arrived just in time. The robber stopped. which you like best.
Then Charlotte heard loud barking. Muzzy Example:
and mum were running toward her. They
1. Charlotte and Muzzy are close friends.
were so happy to see her. The police
2. The robbery.
officers made the robber get into the police
3. ... .
car.
“Charlotte! Next time you decide to go
catch a robber, please tell me first!” said 54 Use Ex. 53 to write
mum. the summary of the story.

55 Imagine that you are Charlotte


50 Answer the questions. or her mum and write a short story
1. Where did Muzzy look for Charlotte’s about your dog Muzzy.
mum at first?
2. Who did Muzzy find in the café? 56 Work in pairs. Imagine your pet won
3. Did he give the note to the police offi- the first prize in a TV show.
cer? Talk about your pet to a correspondent
4. What words did Charlotte hear the rob- of the magazine “Our Pets”.
ber say? Use: to be like, noisy, quiet, loving,
5. How did Charlotte, her mum and naughty, friendly, unfriendly, to feed, to
Muzzy finally meet? eat, to go for a walk, to like doing
6. What did Charlotte’s mum say to her
when she saw her?
TEST YOURSELF
12

1
Charlotte wished she still had Muzzy Do the exercises in your Workbook.
with her. — Шарлотта очень хотела, чтобы
Музи был рядом с ней.
2
“Stop where you are!” — «Оставайтесь
на месте!»
148
SECTION 4 Different Hobbies

57 What hobbies do you know? Look at the pictures and say


what these people’s hobbies are.

1 2 3

4 5 6

58 Interview your classmates and say what their hobbies are.


Use: writing, cooking, playing sports, collecting (stamps / postcards), playing
computer games, listening to music, watching TV, going to the theatre or cinema,
dancing, swimming, reading, playing the musical instrument(s), going shopping

59 Say what you think about different hobbies.


Make sentences using the words in the columns.

Cooking
dull / fun / pleasant.
Writing
the best / the worst.
Sport
for active people.
Playing computer games
for lazy kids.
Collecting stamps / postcards
for intelligent people.
Listening to music is
good for your health.
Watching TV / films are
useful for your family.
Going to the theatre
for clever people.
Dancing
not fun.
Reading books / magazines
no use to anyone.
Playing musical instruments
not easy but interesting.
Taking photos

149
SECTION 4
UNIT  4 Section 4

60 Read the story and say what the famous writer said
about the boy’s character. Think about the title of the story.

A famous French writer Honoré de


Balzac [ˈɒnəreɪ də ˈbælzæk] had a strange
hobby. He liked to tell a person’s character
by his or her handwriting. He was very
proud of his hobby.
One day his friend brought him an
exercise book and said: “My dear friend!
I want to know what you think of this
boy’s character. Tell me the truth. He is
not my son.”
Balzac was very glad to demonstrate his
talent. He began to study the handwriting.
After some minutes of careful studying he
said: “All right, I’ll tell you the truth. This
boy is a bad and lazy fellow.” “ That’s very
strange,” said his friend and he smiled,
“because this is your exercise book from
when you were a boy.”

61 Make five questions in the past simple about the text.


Ask your classmate the questions and let him / her answer them.
Use: Who? When? Why? What?

62 Read the story and say what Liza is doing in the bathroom.
Think about the title of the story.

Liza’s dad is walking down the corri-


dor. When he is passing the bathroom, he
hears his daughter talking to somebody in
a kind voice. The door of the bathroom is
open. The dad is surprised and lookes in.
He sees his daughter holding the puppy in
her arms and cleaning its teeth with his
toothbrush. Liza doesn’t see her dad and
continues her cleaning. Liza’s dad calls his
wife. Liza’s mum comes in and lets the
puppy go. But the little girl says: “Why?
I’m sure daddy needn’t make such a fuss1
about it, because it isn’t the first time I
cleaned the puppy’s teeth with that tooth-
brush.”

1
a fuss — шум

150
UNIT  4 Section 4

63 Read and correct the false sentences.


1. Liza’s mother is walking down the cor-
ridor.
2. Liza is talking to her puppy in an angry
voice.
3. The father sees his daughter in the
bathroom with the puppy.
4. Liza is cleaning her teeth with her fa-
ther’s toothbrush.
5. Liza’s mother lets the puppy go.
6. Liza is surprised.

64 Choose the present simple


or the present continious of the verbs
in brackets to complete the dialogues.
A.
— Do you speak (speak) French?
— Just a little.
— ... they ... (speak) French or Russian at
the moment?
— I think they ... (speak) German.
B. 68 Interview your classmate about
—  What kind of books ... you usually ... his / her hobbies. Write a summary
(read)? of your interview.
— I usually ... (read) detective stories and Example:
stories about adventures.
—  What book ... you ... (read) at the We talked with Flora about her hob-
moment? bies. She is a very creative and sociable
—  I ... (read) a story by Mark Twain.
person. So she has an unusual hobby. She
A very good one.
collects mugs. She asked her relatives and
65 Describe your best friend. Add some friends to bring her mugs from different
details about his / her hobbies. places they have visited. Then she reads a
Include his / her: lot about history, well-known sights, the
• name; • characteristics; famous people who have lived there. By
• age; • hobbies; now she has collected at least twenty-five
• appearance; • pet(s). mugs.

66 Work in pairs. Choose a famous


person (a singer, an actor, a writer)
and describe him / her. Don’t tell your
partner his / her name. Let your
classmate guess who the famous
person is.

67 Think of the most interesting


or strange hobby you can imagine.
Tell your classmates about it.
151
SECTION 5 I Am Going to Be . . .

69 Listen, repeat and learn the poem.


I like computers very much.
The Life for Me It’s much easier to work
with them than to speak
What are you going to be?
with people all day.
What are you going to be?
I’ll be a driver, Charlie
That’s the life for me.
What are you going to be?
What are you going to be?
I’ll be a doctor, I like acting and doing
That’s the life for me. drama lessons.

Julia
70 Listen, repeat and remember.
Occupations / Jobs I like taking care of animals.
worker, farmer, librarian, dentist, nurse, I’ve got three pets at the
lawyer, engineer, computer programmer, moment. And they always
office worker, teacher, housewife, taxi need my help and care.
driver, businessman / businesswoman, Melinda
postman / postwoman, police officer,
doctor, architect, pilot, vet, mechanic,
scientist, gardener, sportsman / sports-
woman, manager, correspondent, writer,
poet, artist, actor, journalist, firefighter I like doing sports very
much.
71 In Ex. 70 find the words for
occupations which sound similar Egor
in English and in Russian.
Example: engineer — инженер
I would like to help people
72 Listen to the interview. feel better.
Say what Tony’s parents do and
what Tony wants to be. Sveta
73 Read and say what these students
are going to be. Use the words from
I like studying English and
Ex. 70.
I want to teach kids.

Vika

I like travelling, taking I like drawing pictures and


photos and creating stories.
p portraits of people.
Tony Dasha
152
SECTION 5
UNIT  4 Section 5

74 Read and match the jobs with the definitions.

1. a nurse a) plans the building of roads, bridges, machines etc.


2. a dentist b) takes care of all members of her family
3. an engineer c) takes care of sick people
4. a farmer d) catches criminals
5. a housewife e) solves people’s problems with their teeth
6. a driver f) works in the fields and with farm animals
7. a postman g) puts out (stops) fires
8. a firefighter h) drives cars
9. a policeman i) brings letters and postcards to people
10. a vet j) arranges work for others in a company
11. a mechanic k) repairs cars, planes, ships etc.
12. a manager l) takes care of sick animals

75 What characteristics are necessary for the jobs


in column A? Complete the table with the most
suitable words.

A B

a doctor responsible, kind, friendly

a dentist

an engineer

a farmer

a housewife

a driver

a postman

a firefighter

a police officer

a vet

a mechanic

a manager

153
UNIT  4 Section 5

76 Say what you think you will be in ten years’ time.


Why do you like this job? What characteristics are necessary for it?
Example: In ten years’ time I think I will be a nurse. Nurses help people get better.
Nurses should be kind and responsible.

77 Interview your classmates about what they are going to be.


Find out what the most popular jobs are.
Example:

Jobs Names of classmates

1. a computer programmer Dima, Oleg, Olesya

2. a doctor Natasha, Nadya, Pavel

3. a driver

4. a manager

5. a teacher

78 Listen to Mrs Parker and Mr Smith talking about their jobs.


Guess what they do.

79 Read the texts and check your guesses.

I’m Nora Parker. I live in Liverpool. I work from


9 a.m. till 6 p.m. I don’t work at weekends or on public
holidays. There are a lot of different books, newspa-
pers and magazines at my workplace. I work with both
books and people. And I always try to be friendly and
polite. I help people to find books and magazines. My
favourite part of the job is to answer questions about
modern writers and their novels. I love my job. I think
it’s very important.

I’m Fred Smith. I’m from England. I work


outdoors almost the whole year round. It’s nice in
summer but not so good in winter. My working day
begins at 6 a.m. I work both on weekdays and at
weekends. My wife and two sons help me. We have lots
of animals, such as sheep and cows. We work in
the fields. I am very busy but I really like my job. What
am I?

154
UNIT  4 Section 5

80 Match the sentences with


the pictures.
a) Here are your letters, Mrs Smith.
b) Black cabs are London taxis.
c) Don’t be afraid! Open your mouth,
please.
d) One day I’ll win Wimbledon1.
e) May I help you?
f) Would you like to work in our office?
1 2

3 4 5 6

81 Describe your parents’ jobs. Use Ex. 79 as a model.

82 Work in groups. Choose one of the texts and read it together.


Discuss these questions in your group.
1. Why do people choose these jobs?
2. What other jobs do you know?

Text 1. Teachers
We can’t imagine the world we live in without knowledge.
Almost everyone wants to know how to read, write, count and
explore many important things about life. People of all profes-
sions have usually been to school at some point in their lives. All
presidents, politicians, business people, rock stars, vets, computer
programmers and others have studied at school and often remem-
ber their schoolteachers.
Being a teacher is a very important job. People who are intelli-
gent, sociable, responsible, loving, friendly and kind become good
teachers! Good teachers are ready to help their students in many
different situations. They teach their students how to learn, how
to solve problems and how to choose a future job. Teachers are
responsible for their students and their future.
1

1
Wimbledon — Уимблдонский теннисный турнир
155
UNIT  4 Section 5

Text 2. Computer Programmers


Computers are very important to people. We have comput-
ers at home and in offices, at schools and in banks, in shops
and in libraries. Some computers help doctors to treat people
in the hospitals and professors to teach students at the univer-
sities. Computers help people work and enjoy their free time
playing games.
For people who love computers, working as a computer
programmer is an ideal job. Programmers create many kinds
of new programs for computers. Some new programs help us
do experiments in science, create new technologies and make
new machines. New clever programs help people control driv-
ing their cars, flying planes, and sailing ships.
Lots of people use computers at home. Sometimes they
need the help of a computer programmer who can repair their
computer. Programmers can protect computers from hackers
who start new computer viruses.

Text 3. Vets
Animals are very important to people. We keep dogs and
cats as pets. Some farmers have sheep and cows to produce
meat and milk. We ride horses. We watch lions and tigers in
the zoos.
For people who love animals, working as a vet is an ideal
job. Vets treat many different kinds of animals, such as dogs,
cats, cows, pigs and horses. Some vets even treat zoo animals
such as tigers, monkeys and giraffes.
Vets have to be careful when they treat animals. A scared
animal can bite or kick them. They have to know how to treat
animals well.

83 Share your information with a group that has read a different text from
yours. Use these questions.
Teachers
1. Why is a teacher an important job?
2. Who becomes a good teacher?
3. What is a teacher responsible for?
Computer programmers
1. A computer programmer is an important job, isn’t it? Why yes or no?
2. Who can become a computer programmer?
3. What does a computer programmer do?
156
UNIT  4 Section 5

Vets
1. A vet is a dangerous job, isn’t it? Why yes or no?
2. Who can become a vet?
3. What do vets have to learn about?

84 Complete the information in the table. Use Ex. 79, 82 and your own ideas.

Occupation / Where job takes What he / Special


Job place she does characteristics

1. a teacher school teaches pupils responsible,


clever, kind

2. farm

3. a vet

4. wherever the client is

5. creates new computer


programs

6. a librarian

85 Describe your ideal job. Rank the following job factors 1—10
(1 — most important, 10 — least important).
Compare your list to your classmate’s.
 to have a good salary1  to start early in the morning
 to work outdoors  to help other people
 to work in an office  to teach people
 to make a report  to work at home
 to travel a lot  to risk your own life

86 Write about your ideal job. Describe:


a) the place you’d like to work in;
b) the things you’d like to do;
c) the characteristics you should have;
d) the results you expect.

TEST YOURSELF

Do the exercises in your Workbook.

1
salary — зарплата
157
HOMEWORK

1 Complete the text with the verbs in the correct form.

Jim is (be) the correspondent of our


school magazine. Usually he ... (be) re-
sponsible for the holiday social pro-
gramme. Last week he ... (arrange) our
visit to the museum. He ... (have) a good
sense of humour. He ... (play) different
musical instruments. But most of all he ...
(like) playing the guitar. He ... (take part)
in a concert in the local club tomorrow.
He ... (live) not far from our town and ...
(go) there by bus.

2 Add the appropriate tag. 4. His parents are very kind and hospita-
Example: Melinda speaks French, ... ? — ble people. (Who...?)
Melinda speaks French, doesn’t she? 5. We’ll ask them three questions tomor-
row. (How many ...?)
1. Melinda is arranging the student ex-
change, ... ?
2. Sveta is staying with a host family in 4 Translate from Russian into English.
London, ... ? 1. самостоятельный и серьёзный уче-
3. Dan can’t play different musical instru- ник
ments, ... ? 2. капризный младший брат
4. They can speak foreign languages, ... ? 3. понимающая и любящая мама
5. You have got one close friend, ... ? 4. послушная и вежливая ученица
6. A football player has given an inter- 5. любопытный и дружелюбный котё-
view, ... ? нок
6. Наша бабушка любит путешество-
вать и проводить время на свежем
3 Read the answers.
воздухе.
Make questions for them.
7. Эта вежливая и тактичная библиоте-
Example: They are going to take part in карь — моя старшая сестра.
the Russian-English student exchange. 8. У этого серьёзного инженера хоро-
(What ...?) — What are they going to take шее чувство юмора.
part in? 9. Мой младший брат не любит офи-
1. Last week they visited many interesting циальную одежду и короткие во-
places. (When ...?) лосы.
2. Last year her father had an opportunity 10. Мой друг хорошо ладит со своей
to travel to Africa. (Where...?) капризной сестрой.
3. They have been happy in this host fam-
ily. (Why ...?)
158
HOMEWORK
UNIT  4 Homework

5 Combine the words from the two boxes to make 15 new phrases.
Add the indefinite article a / an.
Example: a naughty girl

naughty, kind, polite, non-athletic, woman, dad, grandmother, driver,


cruel, clever, quiet, friendly, rude, engineer, librarian, computer
silly, noisy, athletic, wise, tactful, programmer, brother, question, man,
obedient grandfather, girl, guide, sister, mum

6 Complete the table with the missing words.

happy счастливый unhappy несчастливый

unfriendly недружелюбный

usual необычный

possible возможный

known незнакомый

приятный

зависимый independent

famous

7 Make up questions for the answers.


Example: Her mum worked in the café. (Where...?) — Where did
her mum work?
1. Charlotte and Muzzy were close friends. (Who ...?)
2. Muzzy often carried Charlotte’s bag to school. (What ...?)
3. They went to school together every day. (Where ...?)
4. The robber pushed Mrs Jonathan and took the bag. (What ...?)
5. Nobody saw the robber. (Who ...?)

8 Match the questions with the answers.

1. Your cat has got the first prize in a TV a) Yes, Edward is the smartest puppy
show, hasn’t he? in the world!
2. Could you answer a few questions b) He can count birds.
for the magazine “Our Pets”? And I’m sure he understands a lot.
3. What can your puppy do? c) He is very kind, loving and funny. He
4. What is your puppy like? is friendly to cats and other animals.
5. What do you like to do together? d) We like to play and go for walks
together.
e) Yes, of course.

159
UNIT  4 Homework

9 Complete the text with the words 12 Do Ex. 64 on page 151 in written form.
from the box.
13 Complete the text with the words
big, little, kiss, wanted, best, morning from the box.

with, different, collects, interesting,


smart, subjects, eleven
Mark got up early in the morning. It
was his tenth birthday. “At eight o’clock
My best friend’s name is Natasha. She
my parents will come to my room and say
is eleven years old like me. She is a very
“Happy Birthday!” They will probably ...
pretty girl ... grey eyes and curly blond
me and give me a shirt or a bag,” Martin
hair. She is not too tall or too short. She is
thought. He really ... a funny puppy or
very tactful and ... . Her favourite ... are
a cute kitten. But his parents were against
Maths and English. Natasha has got an ...
pets.
hobby. She ... minerals. There are a lot
Suddenly Mark’s mum and dad came
of minerals in a box in her room. They
in. “Happy Birthday!” they said and gave
are ... in colour and size. I think Natasha
him a ... bag. Mark opened the bag and
is great.
a ... puppy jumped out of the bag. It was
the ... day in Mark’s life!
14 Complete these sentences
with the adjectives.
Example: A good librarian is intelligent
10 Translate from Russian into English. and sociable.
1. спортивный кружок
1. A good engineer is ... .
2. независимый спортсмен
2. A modern farmer is ... .
3. разговорчивый дедушка
3. A nice nurse is ... .
4. гостеприимная бабушка
4. A real friend is ... .
5. любящие родители
5. If you like your pet, you are ... .
6. Собака и девочка всегда ладят друг
6. An excellent policeman is ... .
с другом.
7. Попугаи  — самые шумные домаш- 15 Name the jobs of the people
ние питомцы. and complete the sentences.
8. Хани — очень капризный хомяк. 1. A postman or a postwoman is a person
9. Вчера был мой день рождения. who brings letters, postcards and news-
10. Эта книга была очень интересная. papers to the people’s houses.
2. Nowadays there are many people who
11 Complete the text with prepositions work with computers. But some of
if necessary. them create their own programs. They
are ... .
3. When you have problems with your
My hobby is listening to music. My teeth, you must visit a ... .
favourite type ... music is rock. I don’t 4. In any office you see a lot of ... . They
play ... any musical instruments. But I like are usually dressed in dark suits and
to listen ... music. All my friends are fond white shirts.
... rock music too. Our dream is to start 5. My mum takes care of sick people in
a rock band and to invite our families and the hospital. She is a ... .
friends ... the concert. 6. Would you like to be a ...? If so, you
have to learn many songs by heart.
160
UNIT  4 Homework

16 Translate from Russian into English. 4. Charles Darwin is ... great English sci-
1. независимый корреспондент entist.
2. сильный, но грубый спортсмен 5. She is going to be ... librarian, isn’t she?
3. гостеприимная домашняя хозяйка 18 Complete the sentences with
4. добрый и общительный водитель the new words formed from the words
5. Многие люди имеют компьютеры in brackets.
дома.
6. Учитель — лучшая профессия. Example: Miss Clark is a ... at my school.
7. Я хочу стать ветеринаром. (teach)  — Miss Clark is a teacher at my
8. Кем ты хочешь стать? school.
1. Mark Twain is a famous American ... .
17 Complete the sentences (write)
with the articles a / an or the. 2. Did you know that Samuil Marshak
was a good ...? (translate)
Example: Stella takes care of people in
3. Would you like to be a ... for famous
hospital. She is a nurse.
people? (drive)
1. Would you like to be ... actor? 4. We’ve invited him to the Young ...’s
2. Miss Smith said he is ... best detective Club. (travel)
writer. 5. The best ... will appear in the perfor-
3. Ron writes articles for a newspaper. mance tomorrow. (dance)
He is ... correspondent. 6. What do you do? — I am a ... . (library).

KEY VOCABULARY

Nouns: Adjectives: Word combinations:


change athletic be interested in
engineer curious get on well with somebody
exchange friendly have a good sense of humour
housewife homesick host family
manager intelligent
nurse loving
opportunity naughty
obedient
Verb: polite
change serious
smart
tactful
talkative
understanding
unforgettable
wise

161
PROGRESS CHECK

PART I

LISTENING

Послушайте два диалога. Определите место, где они происходят.


Вы услышите запись дважды.

1 Dialogue A
a) In the street
b) In a museum
c) At the zoo
2 Dialogue B
a) At home
b) In a café
c) At school

Послушайте беседу корреспондента с Джессикой.


В заданиях 3—6 закончите предложения, выбрав один вариант
из трёх предложенных (a—c). Вы услышите запись дважды.
3 Jessica’s brother is ...
a) an artist.
b) a student.
c) a teacher.

4 Jessica is going to be ...


a) a vet.
b) a doctor.
c) an artist.

5 Jessica has ...


a) no pets at home.
b) several pets at home.
c) a parrot at home.

6 Jessica likes drawing and ...


a) dancing.
b) collecting things.
c) go roller skating.

Points /6

162
Progress check
UNIT  4 Progress check

READING

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 7—14.


Dear Dimitris,
I’m writing my first letter in English, as I promised you. I’m in Oxford now. There
are a lot of students from different countries here. We learn English, play sports
and have fun together.
In your letter you asked me to write about my host family and my new friends.
As for my host family, they are really very nice and hospitable people. Their
names are Charlotte and Henry, and they have a son, Oliver. Charlotte is a housewife
and, like our mum, she takes care of the family and the students who live in her
house. She is friendly and tactful. Henry is a firefighter. He has a very good sense
of humour and enjoys playing jokes on his son and me. I was surprised to learn that
Charlotte and Henry do not speak any foreign languages. So I have to speak English
to them. Oliver is a boy of six, he is nice but sometimes naughty. He likes playing
football and wants to become a famous football player. I get on well with all the
members of my host family.
I have made some friends at the English Language School too. We are working
hard to improve our English. We learn English in the morning and in the afternoon,
but we don’t have any homework to do in the evening.
Next Saturday we’re travelling to London. We are going to spend two days there.
We’ll be doing sightseeing. I’m looking forward to the trip. I’ll write to you about it
in my next letter.
You can see my life here is wonderful but I miss my family and Greece.
Hugs and kisses to everyone.
Best wishes,
Kirill

В задании 7 закончите 10 Henry is an English teacher


предложение, выбрав один вариант in the Language School.
из трёх предложенных (a—c). a) True b) False
7 The letter is about ... 11 Oliver is going to become
a) the best way to learn English. a sportsman.
b) the life of a Greek student in Britain. a) True b) False
c) London and its sights.
12 Kirill doesn’t have any friends
В заданиях 8—14 определите, какие in his English Language School.
из приведённых утверждений соот- a) True b) False
ветствуют содержанию текста (True),
a какие не соответствуют (False). 13 Kirill does a lot of homework
every day.
8 Kirill is learning a foreign language
in Oxford. a) True b) False
a) True b) False 14 At the weekend, Kirill is going to
the British capital.
9 There are four people in Kirill’s
host family. a) True b) False
a) True b) False Points /8

163
UNIT  4 Progress check

WRITING

15 Представьте, что вы получили письмо от английского друга


по переписке Кейт (Kate). Вот отрывок из её письма.

... In my house, there is a cat, two hamsters and a parrot. I like animals. I would
like to be a vet in the future ... .
... Have you got any pets? What is your favourite animal? What do you want to be
in the future? ...

Напишите Кейт письмо и ответьте на три её вопроса.


Не забудьте:
• обратиться к другу по имени;
• попрощаться с другом;
• подписать письмо.

Points /6

20—18 17—14 13—10 < 10

Very good! Good! Not bad! Try again!

164
UNIT  4 Progress check

PART II

SPEAKING

16 Выберите одну из карточек. Дайте устный ответ.

Card 1 Card 2
Talk about your family. Say: Talk about your hobby. Say:
• what your family is like; • what you do in your free time;
• what the members of your family like • what hobbies the members of your
to do together. family have.

17 Выберите один из диалогов и разыграйте его со своим одноклассником.


Dialogue 1

Student 1 Student 2
• Ask your classmate whether he / she
has a friend.
• Answer your classmate’s question.
Say something about your friend
(name, age, hobby).
• Ask your classmate what he / she likes
to do with his / her friends.
• Answer your classmate’s question.
• Ask him / her what hobbies they have.
• Answer your classmate’s question.
Invite him / her to play ... / to go to ... /
to walk together.
• Agree to play ... / to go to ... / to walk
together.

Dialogue 2

Student 1 Student 2
You begin the conversation. • Answer your classmate’s questions.
• Ask your classmate: • Ask your classmate:
— what his / her family is like; — whether he / she has a sister, a brother
— what they like to do together. or a cousin;
• Answer his / her questions. — whether they get on well with each
other; what they like to do together.

Project “Different Hobbies”


• Read the instructions and do the project in your Workbook.
165
GRAMMAR REFERENCE Appendix  1

PRONOUNS (Местоимения)
Personal Pronouns
(Личные местоимения) Possessive Pronouns
Reflexive Pronouns
Object Form (Притяжательные
Subject Form (Возвратные
(Объектный падеж: местоимения:
(Именительный местоимения)
кого? что? кому? чему? чей? чья? чьё?)
падеж: кто? что?)
кем? чем?)

I me my myself
you you your yourself
he him his himself
she her her herself
it it its itself
we us our ourselves
they them their themselves

NUMBERS (Числа) / Numerals (Числительные)


1
1—21 1—21-й 10—100... 10-й, 100-й /2 — a half
1
/4 — a quarter
one first ten tenth
11/2 — one and a half
two second twenty twentieth
1.7 — one point seven
three third thirty thirtieth
four fourth forty fortieth
five fifth fifty fiftieth
six sixth sixty sixtieth
seven seventh seventy seventieth
eight eighth eighty eightieth
nine ninth ninety ninetieth
ten tenth a hundred hundredth
eleven eleventh two hundred two hundredth
twelve twelfth a thousand thousandth
thirteen thirteenth a million millionth
fourteen fourteenth
fifteen fifteenth
sixteen sixteenth 100 — a / one hundred
seventeen seventeenth 200 — two hundred
eighteen eighteenth 1,000 — a / one thousand
nineteen nineteenth 4,000 — four thousand
twenty twentieth 1,000,000 — a / one million
twenty-one twenty-first 1,000,000,000 — a / one billion

137 — one hundred and thirty seven hundreds of students


5,253 — five thousand two hundred and fifty three thousands of books
2,500,000 — two million five hundred thousand millions of people

166
Appendix  1 Grammar Reference

VERB TENSES (Глагольные времена)


The Present Simple (Простое настоящее)
+ – ?
Positive Negative Question
I I I
You You you
speak English. don’t speak English. Do speak English?
We We we
They They they
He He he
She speaks English. She doesn’t speak English. Does she speak English?
It It it

I / we / I / we /
Yes, do. No, don’t.
you / they you / they
Short answers:
Yes, he / she/ it does. No, he / she/ it doesn’t.

The Past Simple (Простое прошедшее)


+ – ?
Positive Negative Question
I I I
You You you
We We we
They spoke English. They didn’t speak English. Did they speak English?
He He he
She She she
It It it

Short answers: I / you / he / she / I / you / he / she /


Yes, did. No, didn’t.
it / we / they it / we / they

The Future Simple (Простое будущее)


+ – ?
Positive Negative Question
I will (shall) I won’t (shan’t) Will I
speak English?
We speak English. We speak English. (shall) we
You You you
They They they
will speak won’t speak
He He Will he speak English?
English. English.
She She she
It It it

Yes, I / we will (shall). No, I / we won’t (shan’t).


Short answers: you / they / you / they /
Yes, will. No, won’t.
he / she / it he / she / it

167
Appendix  1 Grammar Reference

The Present Continuous (Настоящее продолженное)

+ – ?
Positive Negative Question

I am I am Am I
We We we
You are You are Are you
not writing
They writing now. They they writing now?
now.
He He he
She is She is Is she
It It it

I am. I am not.
Yes, No,
Short answers: we / you / they are. we / you / they are not.
Yes, he / she / it is. No, he / she / it is not.

The Present Perfect (Настоящее завершённое)

+ – ?
Positive Negative Question

I I I
We have written We haven’t written we
Have
You the story. You the story. you
They They they written the
He He he story?
has written hasn’t written
She She Has she
the story. the story.
It It it

I / you / I / you /
Yes, have. No, haven’t.
Short answers: we / they we / they
Yes, he / she / it has. No, he / she / it hasn’t.

Have got (Иметь)

+ – ?
Positive Negative Question

I I I
We have got We haven’t got we
Have
You a computer. You a computer. you
They They they got
a computer?
He He he
has got hasn’t got
She She Has she
a computer. a computer.
It It it

I / you / I / you /
Yes, have. No, haven’t.
Short answers: we / they we / they
Yes, he / she / it has. No, he / she / it hasn’t.

168
Appendix  1 Grammar Reference

DEGREES OF COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS


(Степени сравнения прилагательных и наречий)

Adjective Comparative Degree Superlative Degree


(прилагательное) (сравнительная степень) (превосходная степень)

old older the oldest


short shorter the shortest
big bigger the biggest
nice nicer the nicest
pretty prettier the prettiest
hard harder the hardest
popular more popular most popular
beautiful more beautiful most beautiful
carefully more carefully most carefully

• Remember

good better best


bad worse worst
far farther farthest
well better best
much more most
little less least

YES / NO QUESTIONS WH-QUESTIONS

Do you speak English? When did you go to Britain?


Do ...? Will ...? What ...? — Что? Какой?
Does ...? Have ...? Who ...? — Кто?
Did ...? Has ...? Whom ...? — Кого? Кому?
Can ...? Had ...? Where ...? — Где? Куда?
Could ...? Am ...? Why ...? — Зачем? Почему?
May ...? Is ...? Which ...? — Какой (из)? Который?
Must ...? Are ...? When ...? — Когда?
Would ...? Was ...? How ...? — Как?
Should ...? Were ...? How long ...? — Как долго?
Shall ...? How much ...? — Сколько (для неисчисл. сущ.)?
How many ...? — Сколько (для исчисл. сущ.)?
What time ...? — Который час?
At what time ...? — В какое время?
Whose ...? — Чей?

169
LIST OF IRREGULAR VERBS Appendix  2

Infinitive Past simple Past participle


be [bi:] быть, находиться was [wɒz] (ед. ч.) been
were [wɜ:] (мн. ч.)
beat [bi:t] бить beat beaten
become [bɪˈkʌm] становиться became [bɪˈkeɪm] become
begin [bɪˈɡɪn] начинать(ся) began [bɪˈɡæn] begun [bɪˈɡʌn]
bite [baɪt] укусить bit bitten [ˈbɪtn]
break [breɪk] ломать broke broken
bring приносить, приводить brought [brɔ:t] brought
build [bɪld] строить built [bɪlt] built
buy [baɪ] покупать bought [bɔ:t] bought
catch [kæʧ] ловить, поймать caught [kɔ:t] caught
choose [ʧu:z] выбирать chose [ʧəʊz] chosen
come [kʌm] приходить, приезжать came come
cost [kɒst] стоить cost cost
cut [kʌt] резать, рубить cut cut
do [du:] делать, поступать, did done [dʌn]
выполнять
draw [drɔ:] рисовать, чертить drew [dru:] drawn [drɔ:n]
dream [dri:m] мечтать dreamed / dreamed /
dreamt [dremt] dreamt
drink пить drank drunk
drive вести машину drove [drəʊv] driven [ˈdrɪvn]
eat [i:t] есть, кушать ate [et] eaten
fall [fɔ:l] падать fell fallen
feed кормить fed fed
feel [fi:l] чувствовать felt felt
fight [faɪt] сражаться fought [fɔ:t] fought
find [faɪnd] находить found [faʊnd] found
fly [flaɪ] летать flew [flu:] flown [fləʊn]
forget забывать forgot forgotten
get получать, добираться got got
give [ɡɪv] давать gave given [ˈɡɪvn]
go ходить, идти, ехать went gone [ɡɒn]
grow [ɡrəʊ] расти, выращивать grew [ɡru:] grown [ɡrəʊn]
170
Appendix  2 List of Irregular Verbs

Infinitive Past simple Past participle


have [hæv] иметь, владеть had had
hear [hɪə] слышать heard [hɜ:d] heard
hold [həʊld] держать held held
hurt [hɜ:t] ушибить(ся), обидеть hurt hurt
keep держать, хранить kept kept
know [nəʊ] знать knew [nju:] known [nəʊn]
lay [leɪ] класть, положить, накрывать laid [leɪd] laid
lead лидировать, вести (за собой) led led
learn [lɜ:n] учить что-то, learnt [lɜ:nt] learnt
узнавать, учиться learned learned
leave уезжать, оставлять left left
lend [lend] давать взаймы, одалживать lent lent
let позволять, разрешать let let
lose [lu:z] терять, проигрывать lost lost
make делать, заставлять made made
mean [mi:n] означать, иметь в виду meant [ment] meant
meet встречать(ся), познакомиться met met
pay платить paid paid
put [pʊt] класть, ставить put put
read [ri:d] читать read [red] read [red]
ride [raɪd] кататься верхом rode [rəʊd] ridden [ˈrɪdn]
ring [rɪŋ] звонить rang rung
run бежать, бегать ran run
say [seɪ] говорить, сказать said [sed] said
see видеть saw [sɔ:] seen
seek [si:k] искать sought [sɔ:t] sought
sell продавать sold [səʊld] sold
send посылать, отправлять sent sent
set ставить, класть set set
shake [ʃeɪk] трясти shook [ʃʊk] shaken [ˈʃeɪkn]
shine [ʃaɪn] светить shone [ʃɒn] shone
show [ʃəʊ] показывать showed [ʃəʊd] shown [ʃəʊn] /
showed
shut [ʃʌt] закрывать, захлопывать shut shut
sing [sɪŋ] петь sang sung
171
Appendix  2 List of Irregular Verbs

Infinitive Past simple Past participle


sit сидеть sat sat
sleep спать slept slept
smell нюхать, пахнуть smelt / smelled smelt / smelled
speak говорить, разговаривать spoke [spəʊk] spoken
spend [spend] тратить, проводить spent spent
stand стоять stood [stʊd] stood
sweep [swi:p] подметать swept swept
swim плавать swam [swæm] swum
take брать, взять took [tʊk] taken [ˈteɪkən]
teach учить taught [tɔ:t] taught
tell сказать, рассказать told [təʊld] told
think думать, полагать thought [θɔ:t] thought
understand понимать, предполагать understood understood
[ˌʌndəˈstænd] [ˌʌndəˈstʊd]
wear [weə] носить (одежду), изнашивать wore [wɔ:] worn [wɔ:n]
win [wɪn] выигрывать, побеждать won [wʌn] won
write [raɪt] писать wrote [rəʊt] written [ˈrɪtn]

172
LEARNING STRATEGIES Appendix  3

How to write a personal letter


Mind the structure of a typical personal letter. Follow these steps:
1. Write your short address (your city / town / village, your country) and the date
(е. g. October 2, 2016; 2nd October 2016; 2.10.2016) in the top right hand corner.
2. Greet your partner: Dear Mag, (or any other name).
3. Give your reasons for writing:
Thank you for your letter ...
I was very glad to get your letter ...
It was great to hear from you ...
4. Give an answer to your pen friend’s question or give the necessary information.
Ask your questions if you have any.
5. Finish your letter. Use one of these remarks:
Write back soon. / Hope to hear from you soon.
Best wishes, / All the best, / With love,
6. Write your name (not surname): Alina
Example:

Moscow
Russia
16th October 2016
Dear Mag,
I was very glad to get your letter. I liked your story about the
summer club, your new friends and adventures.
You asked me about the most popular holidays in my family. Well,
I think that the most popular holidays are New Year and Easter . . .
And what are the most popular holidays in your family? Which
holiday do you like most of all? How do you spend it?
Write back soon.
Best wishes,
Alina

How to write an e-mail message


To write an e-mail message follow these steps:
1. Write the name of a person you are addressing to: John Brown
2. Write your name: James Wilson
3. Write the title of your message: My new school (or any other topic you are
going to write about).
4. Write the date: 2nd September 2016
5. Greet your partner: Dear John, (or any other name).
6. Start your message, giving the reasons for writing:
Glad to hear from you ...
It was great to hear from you ...
7. Give an answer to your partner’s question or give the necessary information.
173
Appendix  3 Learning Strategies

8. Finish your message. Use one of these remarks:


Please write soon. / Hope to hear from you soon.
Best wishes, / All the best, / With love,
9. Write your name: James
Example:

To: John Brown


From: James
Wilson
2nd September 2016
Dear John,
Glad to hear from you. I am like my new Russian school.
There are lots of interesting subjects here.
I am happy because I made two new friends. They are
Natasha and Oleg. Today we had five lessons. After lessons we
went home together.
You asked me about the books teenagers read in Russia.
My friends prefer fantasy, detective stories, sometimes fiction.
Write soon and tell me about our school. I miss you and all
my classmates in Britain.
Best wishes,
James

How to deal with fill-in-the-gap tasks


Fill-in-the-gap tasks usually begin with: “Fill in the missing words / phrases ...”,
“Complete the sentences ...”, “Complete the text with the words ...”, “Complete the
sentences with the correct form of the word (in brackets)” “Complete the sentences with
new words formed from the words in brackets” etc.
1. Fill-in-the-gap tasks sometimes offer a word that you should use in the correct form:
Please write ... of your favourite place. (to describe). Use the context to guess the
necessary form: Please write a description of your favourite place.
2. Fill-in-the-gap tasks can also have a group of words for your choice: Jim said,
“I feel ... . I have a ... throat. I can’t go to school.” (time, bad, poor, sore).
Make sure you know all the words before you fill in the gap. Read the sentence.
Choose the words that fit best of all:
Jim said, “I feel bad. I have a sore throat. I can’t go to school.”
3. Sometimes a fill-in-the-gap task doesn’t give you a choice: When you have prob-
lems with your teeth you must see a ... .
Read the sentence and use the context and the example to guess the correct word.
Fill in the word.
Check your answer by reading the whole sentence or text. If it is not clear, revise your
answer.

174
CULTURAL GUIDE Appendix  4

A Canada [ˈkænədə]  — a country in North


America; capital: Ottawa.
Antarctica [ænˈtɑ:ktɪkə]  — the continent Carroll [ˈkærəl], Lewis (1832—1898)  — an
mostly covered with ice. English writer. He wrote two well-known
Arkhangelsk [ʌˈkɑ:nɡelsk] — a city in the children’s stories: “Alice’s Adventures in
north of Russia. Wonderland” and “Through the Looking-
Australia [ɒˈstreɪliə]— a country and a conti- Glass” («Алиса в Зазеркалье»).
nent between the Indian and the Pacific Changing of the Guard [ˈʧeɪnʤɪŋ əv ðə
Oceans; capital: Canberra. ɡɑ:d] — a ceremony held at Buckingham
Palace. The guards in red uniforms and
B
black hats replace others.
Baikal (the) (Lake Baikal) [baɪˈkæl] — a lake China [ˈʧaɪnə]  — a country in Asia; capital:
in Russia. Lake Baikal is the largest fresh- Beijing.
water lake in the world. Christmas [ˈkrɪsməs] (or Christmas Day)  —
Baker [ˈbeɪkə] Street — a street in London. a public holiday on 25th December. It is
The famous detective Sherlock Holmes held in honour of the birth of Christ.
from A. Conan Doyle’s stories lived there. There are lots of Christmas traditions in
Barrie [ˈbæri], Sir James Matthew — a fa- Britain.
mous Scottish writer of plays and stories. Cinderella [ˌsɪndəˈrelə] — a character of a fa-
His most famous children’s story is “Peter mous fairy tale.
Pan”. CN Tower (the)  — an observation tower in
Beefeater [ˈbi:fˌi:tə] — a soldier who is a Toronto, Canada.
guard in the Tower of London. He wears a Conan Doyle [ˌkəʊnən ˈdɔɪl], Sir Arthur
special uniform. (1859—1930) — a British doctor and writ-
Big Ben [ˌbɪɡˈben] — a bell in the Clock er. He wrote stories about the famous de-
(Elizabeth) Tower. The tower with Big tective Sherlock Holmes.
Ben is a symbol of London and Britain. Crown Jewels — the British kings and queens
Bolshoi [ˌbɒlˈʃɔɪ] Theatre (the) — a famous wore and wear the crowns and jewels on
theatre  in Moscow, Russia. It holds per- important state occasions. You can see
formances of ballet and opera. Crown Jewels in the Tower of London.
Bristol [ˈbrɪstl]— a city in the south of Eng- Crusoe [ˈkru:səʊ], Robinson  — the main
land. character of the famous novel “The Life
British Museum (the) [ˌbrɪtɪʃ mju:ˈziəm]— and Strange Surprising Adventures of Ro-
the biggest museum in London. It was bison Crusoe” by Daniel Defoe.
founded in 1753. It has national collec-
tions of prints and drawings, coins and D
medals, sculptures and statues etc.
Defoe [diˈfəʊ], Daniel (1660—1731)  — an
Buckingham Palace [ˌbʌkɪŋəm ˈpæləs]  —
English writer. His most famous novel is
the London home of the British Royal
“The Life and Strange Surprising Adven-
family. Outside Buckingham Palace we
tures of Robison Crusoe”.
can watch a colourful ceremony of the
Dickens [ˈdɪkənz], Charles (1812—1870)  —
Changing of the Guard.
a famous English writer. His most popular
novels are “Oliver Twist”, “David Cop-
C
perfield” etc.
Cambridge [ˈkeɪmbrɪʤ] — a city in England. Doctor Watson [ˈwɒtsn] — a character of the
It is famous for its old university. famous stories about Sherlock Holmes.
175
Appendix  4 Cultural Guide

E I
Europe [ˈjʊərəp]  — one of the seven conti- Ireland [ˈaɪələnd]  — an island; a country,
nents. capital: Dublin. It is a green land of moun-
Elizabeth II [ɪˈlɪzəbəθ ðə ˈsekənd], Queen — tains and lakes. There are many small
the Queen of Britain since 1952. towns. People speak English and Irish.
Elizabeth Tower (the) — (or the Clock Tow- Italy [ˈɪtəli]  — a country in Europe; capital:
er) is a symbol of London. It is situated in Rome.
the centre of London.
England [ˈɪnɡlənd]  — the largest country in K
Great Britain; capital: London.
Kazan — a large city in Russia.
Kensington Gardens [ˌkənzɪŋtən ˈɡɑ:dnz] —
F
a beautiful London park. It is famous for
France [frɑ:ns] — a country in Europe; capi- the statue of Peter Pan.
tal: Paris. Kremlin (the) / Moscow Kremlin  — an an-
cient fortress in the centre of Moscow.
G The Russian government sits in the Krem-
lin.
Great Britain (GB) [ˈɡreɪt ˈbrɪtn] — the larg-
est island of the British Isles.
L
Great Wall of China (the) — an ancient wall.
It was built in China to defend against en- Lennon [ˈlenən], John (1940—1980)  — an
emies. English singer, guitar player and song-
Greece [ɡri:s] — a country in Europe; capi- writer. He was the leader of the Beatles.
tal: Athens. London [ˈlʌndən] — the capital of Great Brit-
Greenwich [ˈɡrenɪʧ]  — a place in London, ain. It is one of the biggest and most inter-
on the River Thames. The zero meridian esting cities in the world.
(an imaginary line which divides East and London Eye (the)  — a giant wheel on the
West) goes through the grounds of the south bank of the Thames. It is 135 metres
British Royal Observatory situated here. high. As it turns the passengers in the cap-
sules enjoy a fantastic view over the
H Thames and central London.
London Zoo (the) [ˌlʌndən ˈzu:]  — the
Halloween [ˌhæləʊˈi:n] — a holiday which is world’s oldest zoo. It was opened in Lon-
celebrated on 31st October. British and don in 1828. It is the most famous British
American children dress as witches, ghosts zoo. It is situated in Regent’s Park.
etc. Sometimes people make lamps from Lomonosov, Mikhail (1711—1765)  — a fa-
pumpkins. mous Russian scientist, mathematician
Holmes [həʊmz], Sherlock — a famous de- and writer.
tective from Arthur Conan Doyle’s stories
and novels.
M
Houses of Parliament (the) [ˌhaʊzəz
əvˈpɑ:ləmənt]  — the buildings on the Mediterranean [ˌmedətəˈreɪniən] Sea
Thames where the British Parliament sits. (the)  — a large southern sea. There are
The UK flag is flown when the Parliament many popular places for spending holidays
is in session. on its coast.
Hyde Park [ˌhaɪd ˈpɑ:k]  — a large London Milne [mɪln], Alan Alexander (1882—1956) —
park. People go to walk or relax there. It is a famous English writer. He is famous for
famous for its Speakers’ Corner. his children’s book “Winnie-the-Pooh”.
176
Appendix  4 Cultural Guide

Moscow — the capital of the Russian Federa- P


tion. It is one of the largest and most
beautiful cities in the world. Paris [ˈpærɪs] — the capital of France.
Mother’s Day — is a special day for honor- Palace Square — the central square of St Pe-
ing mothers throughout the world. People tersburg.
give cards and gifts to their mothers to Peter Pan [ˌpi:tə ˈpæn] — the hero in the sto-
show their love for them. ry of James Barrie. Peter is a young boy
who lives in a magic land  — Neverland.
N Peter never grows up. Together with his
three friends, real children, Peter has ma-
National Air and Space Museum (the) — a ny adventures. There is a statue of him in
museum  in Washington, the USA. It has Kensington Gardens, London.
the largest collection of historic  aircraft Poohsticks  — a simple sport which Alan
and spacecraft in the world. Alexander Milne described in his books
Nelson [ˈnelsən]  — a famous English admi- about Winnie-the-Pooh. The game can be
ral. He won the battle of Trafalgar in 1805. played on any bridge over the river.
Now there is a very tall stone column with Potter [ˈpɒtə], Beatrix [ˈbɪətrɪks] (1866—
a statue of the admiral in Trafalgar Square, 1943) — an English writer and illusatrator.
London. She is famous for her book “The Tale of
Nevsky Prospect  — one of the main streets Peter Rabbit”.
in St Petersburg. Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts (the) — one
New York [ˌnju: ˈjɔ:k]  — the largest city in of the biggest museums in Moscow. It is
the USA. famous for its collections of European Art
Newton [ˈnju:tn], Isaac [ˈaɪzək] (1642— and ancient coins.
1726)  — a famous English physicist and
mathematician. R
Northern Ireland [ˌnɔ:ðən ˈaɪələnd] — a part
of Great Britain; capital: Belfast. Regent’s Park [ˌri:ʤəntsˈpɑ:k]  — a large
North Pole (the) [ˌnɔ:θ ˈpəʊl]  — the most park in London. It is home of the London
northern point of the Earth. Zoo.
North Sea (the) [ˌnɔ:θ ˈsi:]— a sea between Rowling [ˈrəʊlɪŋ], Joanne K. (1965—)  — a
Great Britain and northwest Europe. It is modern English writer. She is famous for
full of fish. her Harry Potter books.
Norway [ˈnɔ:weɪ] — a country in Europe; its
capital: Oslo. S
Novosibirsk [ˌnəʊvəʊsɪˈbɪəsk]  — a large city
in the centre of southeast of the West Si- Science Museum (the)  — one of the most
beria, Russia. popular London museums. It is famous
for its collections (from airplane to micro-
chips).
O
Scotland [ˈskɒtlənd]  — a country in Great
Ostankino Tower (the)  — a television and Britain; capital: Edinburgh. Scotland has
radio  tower  in  Moscow, Russia. It is 540 many beautiful lakes and islands. In the
metres high. north there are many mountains.
Ottawa — the capital of Canada. Shakespeare [ˈʃeɪkspɪə], William (1564—
Oxford [ˈɒksfəd]  — a town on the River 1616) — a famous English poet. He is fa-
Thames. It is famous for its old university. mous for his plays and sonnets.
Oxford Street — one of the central streets of Sherlock Holmes Museum (the)  — one of
London. It is famous for its shops. the most famous London museums.
177
Appendix  4 Cultural Guide

Spain [speɪn] — a country in Europe; capital: is the only bridge across the Thames which
Madrid. can be lifted.
St Basil’s Cathedral  — a beautiful church Tower of London (the) [ˌtaʊə əv ˈlʌndən] —
in Red Square in Moscow, Russia. an ancient fortress in London. Now it’s
St James’s Park [seɪnt ˌʤeɪmzɪz ˈpɑ:k]  — a museum of armour where you can see
a small royal park near Buckingham the Crown Jewels there. It’s also famous
Palace in London. You can see and feed for the Beefeaters and the black ravens.
ducks, swans and pelicans there. Trafalgar Square [trəˌfælɡəˈskweə] — Lon-
St Paul’s Cathedral [ˌsənt pɔ:lz kəˈθi:drəl ] — don’s central square. Nelson’s Column
a fine cathedral in central London. It was stands there.
built by Sir Christopher Wren [ren]. Turner [ˈtɜ:nə], Joseph [ˈʤəʊzɪf] (1775  —
St Petersburg  — the second largest city in 1851) — a great English painter, a master
Russia. It was founded in 1703. The city is of watercolour and oil landscapes.
famous for its historical buildings, palaces
and cathedrals, museums and monu- U
ments.
Sochi — a city in Russia. It is situated on the United States of America (the) (the
Black Sea coast. Sochi was the host of USA)  — a country in North America;
the XXII Olympic Winter Games. capital: Washington.
Sydney [ˈsɪdni] — a large city in Australia. United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Sydney Opera House (the) [ˈsɪdni ˈɒprə Northern Ireland (the) (the UK)  — a
ˌhaʊs]  — an art centre in the Australian country in northwest Europe. It consists
city of Sydney. It is a complex of theatres of England, Scotland, Wales and North-
and halls. It presents theatre, opera, mod- ern Ireland; capital: London.
ern dance, ballet, music, exhibitions and
films. The Opera House works 24 hours a V
day, every day of the year except Christmas
Day. Vladivostok [ˌvlædɪˈvɒstɒk] — a large Russi-
an port on the Pacific Ocean.
T
Thames [temz] (the)  — the most famous W
British river. London stands on it. It is Wales [weɪlz]  — a country in Great Britain;
346 km long. More than 25 species of fish capital: Cardiff. It is famous for its nature
live in the Thames. and wildlife.
Times Square [ˈtaɪmz ˌskweə] — a square in Washington [ˈwɒʃɪŋtən] — the capital of the
the centre of New York. USA.
Tretyakov Gallery (the)  — a famous muse- Westminster Abbey [ˌwestmɪnstə ˈæbi]  — a
um of Russian art in Moscow. famous gothic church in the centre of
Tolkien [ˈtɒlki:n], John Ronald Reuel London. It was built in the 11th century.
(1892—1973)  — an English writer. He is Many famous British people are buried in
famous for his books “The Hobbit” and the Abbey.
“The Lord of the Rings”. White House (the) [ˈwaɪt haʊs]  — the offi-
Tongue-twister — a phrase which is hard to cial home of the President of the USA. It
speak fast. If you want to get the full effect is situated in Washington.
of a tongue-twister, you should try to re- White Sea (the) [ˌwaɪt ˈsi:] — a northern sea.
peat it several times.
Tower Bridge [ˌtaʊə ˈbrɪʤ]  — the most fa-
mous British bridge. It was built in 1897. It

178
VOCABULARY

A almost [ˈɔ:lməʊst] — почти


alone [əˈləʊn] — один, одинокий
a [ə] (an) — неопределённый артикль along [əˈlɒŋ] — вдоль, по
abbey [ˈæbi] — аббатство aloud [əˈlaʊd] — громко, вслух
about [əˈbaʊt] — о, около already [ɔ:lˈredi] — уже́
above [əˈbʌv] — над also [ˈɔ:lsəʊ] — тоже, также
abroad [əˈbrɔ:d] — за границей although [ɔ:lˈðəʊ] — хотя; несмотря на то,
to go abroad — ездить за границу что
absentminted [ˌæbsəntˈmaɪndɪd] — always [ˈɔ:lweɪz] — всегда
рассеянный a.m. (am) [ˌeɪ ˈem] — (время) до полудня
absolutely [ˈæbsəlu:tli] — абсолютно am [æm] (см. to be) — глагол-связка
across [əˈkrɒs] — через amazing [əˈmeɪzɪŋ] — удивительный
act [ækt] — играть, разыгрывать (роль) America [əˈmerɪkə] — Америка
active [ˈæktɪv] — активный American [əˈmerɪkən] — американский
activity [ækˈtɪvəti] —деятельность among [əˈmʌŋ] — среди, между
actor [ˈæktə] — актёр ancient [ˈeɪnʃənt] — древний, старинный
actress [ˈæktrəs] — актриса and [ænd] — и
add [æd] — добавлять anecdote [ˈænɪkdəʊt] — эпизод; анекдот
address [əˈdres] — адрес angry [ˈæŋɡri] — сердитый,
adjective [ˈæʤɪktɪv ] — имя раздражительный
прилагательное animal [ˈænɪml] — животное
admire [ədˈmaɪə] — восхищаться anniversary [ˌænɪˈvɜ:səri] — годовщина
adventure [ədˈvenʧə] — приключение announce [əˈnaʊns] — объявлять
adverb [ˈædvɜ:b] — наречие another [əˈnʌðə] — ещё один, другой
advert [ˈædvɜ:t] — реклама, объявление answer [ˈɑ:nsə] — отвечать; ответ
advertisement [ədˈvɜ:tɪsmənt] — реклама Antarctica [ænˈtɑ:ktɪkə] — Антарктида
advise [ədˈvaɪz] — советовать antonym [ˈæntənɪm] — антоним
afraid [əˈfreɪd] — испуганный any [ˈeni] — какой-нибудь, сколько-
to be afraid of — бояться чего-либо нибудь, любой
Africa [ˈæfrɪkə] — Африка anybody [ˈenibɒdi] — кто-нибудь, любой
African [ˈæfrɪkən] — африканский anymore [eniˈmɔ:] — больше не, не больше
after [ˈɑ:ftə] — после чем
afternoon [ˌɑ:ftəˈnu:n] — полдень anyone [ˈeniwʌn] — кто-нибудь, любой
again [əˈɡən] — опять anything [ˈeniθɪŋ] — что-нибудь
against [əˈɡenst] — против anywhere [ˈeniweə] — где-нибудь, куда-
age [eɪʤ] — возраст нибудь
agent [ˈeɪʤənt] — агент appear [əˈpɪə] — появляться
ago [əˈɡəʊ] — назад appearance [əˈpɪərəns] — внешность
agree [əˈɡri:] — соглашаться appetite [ˈæpɪtaɪt] — аппетит
air [eə] — воздух apple [ˈæpl] — яблоко
open air — свежий воздух apple pie [ˌæpl ˈpaɪ] — яблочный пирог
airport [ˈeəpɔ:t] — аэропорт application [ˌæplɪˈkeɪʃn] (form) — анкета
album [ˈælbəm] — альбом April [ˈeɪprəl] — апрель
alike [əˈlaɪk] — похожий, подобный appropriate [əˈprəʊprieɪt] — подходящий,
all [ɔ:l] — весь, вся, всё, все соответствующий
allow [əˈlaʊ] — разрешать architect [ˈɑ:kɪtekt] — архитектор
179
Vocabulary

architecture [ˈɑ:kɪtekʧə]— архитектура ballet [ˈbæleɪ] — балет


Arctic [ˈɑ:ktɪk] — Арктика ballon [bəˈlu:n] — воздушный шарик
are [ɑ:] (см. be) — глагол-связка banana [bəˈnɑ:nə]— банан
area [ˈeərɪə] — площадь, пространство bank [bæŋk] — банк; берег (реки)
argue [ˈɑ:ɡju:] — спорить banker [ˈbæŋkə] — банкир
argument [ˈɑ:ɡjʊmənt] — довод, baseball [ˈbeɪsbɔ:l] — бейсбол
аргумент based [beɪst] — базирующийся,
arm [ɑ:m] — рука (от плеча до кисти) основанный
armchair [ˈɑ:mʧeə] — кресло basketball [ˈbɑ:skɪtbɔ:l] — баскетбол
around [əˈraʊnd] — вокруг bathroom [ˈbɑ:θru:m] — ванная комната
arrange [əˈreɪnʤ] — устраивать, be [bi:] (am, is, are) — быть, находиться
договариваться, организовать to be going to do smth — собираться
arrangement [əˈreɪnʤmənt] — что-либо сделать
договорённость, приготовление beak [bi:k] — клюв
arrive [əˈraɪv] — приезжать, прибывать bear [beə] — медведь
art [ɑ:t] — искусство beat [bi:t] (beat, beaten) — бить
article [ˈɑ:tɪkl] — артикль; статья beautiful [ˈbju:tɪfəl] — прекрасный
artist [ˈɑ:tɪst] — художник because [bɪˈkɒz] — потому что
as [æz] — как become [bɪˈkʌm] (became [bɪˈkeɪm],
ashamed [əˈʃeɪmd] — стыдящийся become) — становиться
to be ashamed of — стыдиться bed [bed] — кровать
чего-либо bedroom [ˈbedru:m] — спальня
ask [ɑ:sk] — спрашивать Beefeater [ˈbi:fˌi:tə] — служитель охраны
asleep [əˈsli:p] — спящий в Тауэре
to fall [fɔ:l] asleep — засыпать before [bɪˈfɔ:] — до
at [æt] — на, за, в begin [bɪˈɡɪn] (began, begun) — начинать
athletic [æθˈletɪk] — атлетический beginning [bɪˈɡɪnɪŋ] — начало
Atlantic [ətˈlæntɪk] — атлантический behind [bɪˈhaɪnd] — за
atmosphere [ˈætməsfɪə] — атмосфера believe [bɪˈli:v] — верить, думать
attention [əˈtenʃn] — внимание bell [bel] — колокол
August [ˈɔ:ɡəst] — август belong [bɪˈlɒŋ] — принадлежать
Australia [ɒˈstreɪlɪə] — Австралия below [bɪˈləʊ]— ниже, внизу
Australian [ɒˈstreɪliən] — австралийский bench [benʧ]— скамья
author [ˈɔ:θə] — автор berry [ˈberi]— ягода
autumn [ˈɔ:təm] — осень beside [bɪˈsaɪd] — рядом, около
away [əˈweɪ] — прочь, далеко best [best] — самый лучший,
наилучший
B better [ˈbetə] — лучше
between [bɪˈtwi:n] — между
baby [ˈbeɪbi] — ребёнок, младенец bicycle [ˈbaɪsɪkl] (bike [baɪk]) — велосипед
back [bæk] — назад big [bɪɡ]— большой
backyard [ˌbækˈjɑ:d] — задний двор bill [bɪl]— счёт
bad [bæd] — плохой bird [bɜ:d]— птица
badge [bæʤ] — значок birthday [ˈbɜ:θdeɪ] — день рождения
badly [ˈbædli] — плохо biscuit [ˈbɪskɪt] — печенье
bag [bæɡ] — сумка, портфель bit [bɪt] — кусочек
balcony [ˈbælkəni] — балкон bite [baɪt] (bit, bitten) — укусить
ball [bɔ:l] — мяч black [blæk] — чёрный
180
Vocabulary

(black)board [ˈ(blæk)bɔ:d] — доска buy [baɪ] (bought, bought) — покупать


(в классе) by [baɪ] — в, на, по, у
blinds [blaɪndz] — жалюзи by bus [ˌbaɪ ˈbʌs] — на автобусе
blue [blu:] — голубой, синий bye [baɪ] — Пока!
board [bɔ:d] — борт судна goodbye — до свидания
boat [bəʊt] — лодка, корабль
boating [ˈbəʊtɪŋ] — катание на лодке C
body [ˈbɒdi] — тело
boil [bɔɪl] — варить café [ˈkæfeɪ] — кафе
bold [bəʊld] — жирный (шрифт) cake [keɪk] — торт, пирожное
book [bʊk] — книга calendar [ˈkæləndə] — календарь
booklet [ˈbʊklət] — брошюра, буклет call [kɔ:l] — зов; звать, называть
boot [bu:t] — ботинок to give a call (to call up) — звонить
boring [ˈbɔ:rɪŋ] — скучный, calm [kɑ:m] — спокойный
надоедливый camel [ˈkæml] — верблюд
born [bɔ:n] — рождённый camera [ˈkæmərə] — фотоаппарат
to be born — родиться camp [kæmp] — лагерь
borrow [ˈbɒrəʊ] — брать взаймы, campfire [ˈkæmpˌfaɪə] — походный костёр
на время can [kæn] — мочь, уметь
both [bəʊθ] — оба, обе canal [kəˈnæl]— канал
box [bɒks] — коробка canary [kəˈneəri] — канарейка
boy [bɔɪ] — мальчик candle [ˈkændl] — свеча
bracket [ˈbrækɪt] — скобка capital [ˈkæpɪtl] — столица
brave [breɪv] — храбрый capsule [ˈkæpsju:l] — капсула
bread [bred] — хлеб caption [ˈkæpʃn] — заголовок
break [breɪk] (broke, broken) — ломать; car [kɑ:]— легковая машина
перемена card [kɑ:d] — открытка
breakfast [ˈbrekfəst] — завтрак саrе [keə] — забота, уход
bridge [brɪʤ]— мост to take care of smb — заботиться
bright [braɪt] — яркий о ком-либо
bring [brɪŋ] (brought, brought) — при- careful [ˈkeəfl] — внимательный
носить carefully [ˈkeəfli] — внимательно,
Britain [ˈbrɪtn] — Британия осторожно
British [ˈbrɪtɪʃ] — британский caring [ˈkeərɪŋ] — заботливый
(the) British — британцы carol [ˈkærəl] — гимн
brother [ˈbrʌðə] — брат carrot [ˈkærət] — морковь
brown [braʊn] — коричневый carry [ˈkæri] — нести
bubble [ˈbʌbl] — пузырь cartoon [kɑ:ˈtu:n] — мультфильм
build [bɪld] (built, built) — строить cat [kæt] — кошка, кот
building [ˈbɪldɪŋ] — здание catch [kæʧ] (caught, caught) — ловить,
bulldog [ˈbʊldɒɡ] — бульдог поймать
buried [ˈberid] — похороненный cathedral [kəˈθi:drəl] — собор
business [ˈbɪznəs] — бизнес celebrate [ˈseləbreɪt] — праздновать
businessman [ˈbɪznəsmæn] — бизнесмен celebration [ˌseləˈbreɪʃn] — празднование
busy [ˈbɪzi] — занятый (делами) central [ˈsentrəl] — центральный
but [bʌt] — но centre [ˈsentə] — центр
butter [ˈbʌtə] — масло century [ˈsenʧəri]— век
butterfly [ˈbʌtəflaɪ] — бабочка certain [ˈsɜ:tn] — определённый
181
Vocabulary

certainly [ˈsɜ:tnli] — конечно, close [kləʊz] — закрывать


несомненно clothes [kləʊðz] — одежда
chair [ʧeə] — стул club [klʌb] — клуб
championship [ˈʧæmpjənʃɪp] — чемпионат coat [kəʊt] — пальто
chance [ʧɑ:ns] — шанс coffee [ˈkɒfi]— кофе
change [ʧeɪnʤ] — менять, меняться; coin [kɔɪn]— монета
сдача cold [kəʊld] — холодный
channel [ˈʧænl] — канал collect [kəˈlekt] — собирать,
character [ˈkærəktə] — характер, герой коллекционировать
characteristic [ˌkærəktəˈrɪstɪk] — характер- collection [kəˈlekʃn] — коллекция
ная черта, особенность colour [ˈkʌlə] — цвет
charity [ˈʧærɪti] — благотворительность coloured [ˈkʌləd] — цветной
chat [ʧæt] — болтать, разговаривать colourful [ˈkʌləfl] — красочный
chat room [ʧæt ru:m] — чат column [ˈkɒləm] — колонка, столбец
check [ʧek] — проверять; контроль, combination [ˌkɒmbɪˈneɪʃn] — соединение,
проверка сочетание
cheek [ʧi:k] — щека come [kʌm] (came, come) — приходить,
cheese [ʧi:z] — сыр приезжать
chemical [ˈkemɪkl]— химический comfort [ˈkʌmfət] — отдых, покой,
chemistry [ˈkemɪstri] — химия комфорт
chess [ʧes] — шахматы comfortable [ˈkʌmftəbl] — удобный
chew [ʧu:] — жевать comment [ˈkɒmənt] (on) — высказывать
child [ʧaɪld] — ребёнок мнение (о)
children [ˈʧɪldrən] — дети comparative [kəmˈpærətɪv] —
chime [ʧaɪm] — бить (в колокол), звонить сравнительный
China [ˈʧaɪnə] — Китай compare [kəmˈpeə] — сравнивать
chips [ʧɪps] — чипсы competition [ˌkɒmpəˈtɪʃn] — соревнование,
chocolate [ˈʧɒklət] — шоколад конкурс
choice [ʧɔɪs] — выбор complete [kəmˈpli:t] — завершать,
choose [ʧu:z] (chose, chosen) — выбирать закончить
Christmas [ˈkrɪsməs] — Рождество compose [kəmˈpəʊz] — составлять,
church [ʧɜ:ʧ] — церковь сочинять
cinema [ˈsɪnəmə] — кино, кинотеатр composer [kəmˈpəʊzə] — композитор
circle [ˈsɜ:kl] — круг composition [ˌkɒmpəˈzɪʃn] — сочинение
circus [ˈsɜ:kəs] — цирк computer [kəmˈpju:tə] — компьютер
city [ˈsɪti] — город (большой) computer programmer [kəmˈpju:tə
class [klɑ:s] — класс ˈprəʊɡræmə] — программист
classical [ˈklæsɪkl] — классический concert [ˈkɒnsət] — концерт
classmate [ˈklɑ:smeɪt] — одноклассник congratulate [kənˈɡræʧəleɪt] —
classroom [ˈklɑ:sru:m] — классная поздравлять
комната consist [kənˈsɪst] (of) — состоять (из)
clean [kli:n] — чистить, убирать; чистый consult [kənˈsʌlt] — советоваться
clear [klɪə] (the table) — убрать (со стола) contain [kənˈteɪn] — содержать, вмещать
clever [ˈklevə] — умный continent [ˈkɒntɪnent] — континент
client [ˈklaɪənt] — клиент control [kənˈtrəʊl] — контролировать
climb [klaɪm] — забираться, подниматься conversation [ˌkɒnvəˈseɪʃn] — разговор
clock [klɒk] — часы cook [kʊk] — готовить; повар
close [kləʊs] — близко cookbook [ˈkʊkbʊk] — кулинарная книга
182
Vocabulary

cool [ku:l] — прохладный; danger [ˈdeɪnʤə] — опасность


классный (разг.) dangerous [ˈdeɪnʤərəs] — опасный
copy [ˈkɒpi] — переписать dark [dɑ:k]— тёмный
corner [ˈkɔ:nə]— угол darling [ˈdɑ:lɪŋ] — дорогой, дорогая
correct [kəˈrekt] — исправлять; (обращение)
правильный date [deɪt] — дата
correctly [kəˈrektli] — правильно daughter [ˈdɔ:tə] — дочь
correspondent [ˌkɒrəˈspɒndənt] — day [deɪ] — день
корреспондент dear [dɪə] — дорогой, дорогая (обращение)
corridor [ˈkɒrɪdɔ:] — коридор December [dɪˈsembə] — декабрь
cost [kɒst] (cost, cost) — стоить decide [dɪˈsaɪd] — решать
costume [ˈkɒstju:m] — костюм decorate [ˈdekəreɪt] — украшать
could [kʊd] — мог, могла, могли decoration [ˌdekəˈreɪʃn] — художественное
count [kaʊnt] — считать оформление, украшение
country [ˈkʌntri] — сельская местность deep [di:p] — глубокий
in the country — за городом definite [ˈdefənət] — определённый
to the country — за город definitely [ˈdefənətli] — определённо
course [kɔ:s] — курс definition [ˌdefəˈnɪʃn] — определение
of course — конечно delicious [dɪˈlɪʃəs] — очень вкусный
cousin [ˈkʌzn] — двоюродный брат, dentist [ˈdentɪst] — зубной врач
двоюродная сестра describe [dɪˈskraɪb] — описывать
cow [kaʊ] — корова description [dɪˈskrɪpʃn] — описание
cream [kri:m] — сливки desert [ˈdezət] — пустыня
create [krɪˈeɪt] — творить, создавать design [dɪˈzaɪn] — дизайн
creative [krɪˈeɪtɪv] — творческий designer [dɪˈzaɪnə] — дизайнер
criminal [ˈkrɪmɪnl] — преступник desk [desk] — парта
crisps [krɪsps] — чипсы detail [ˈdi:teɪl] — деталь
cross [krɒs] — пересекать, переходить detective [dɪˈtektɪv] — детектив;
crossing [ˈkrɒsɪŋ] — перекрёсток, переход детективный
crowd [kraʊd] — толпа development [dɪˈveləpmənt] — развитие
crown [kraʊn] — корона dialogue [ˈdaɪəlɒɡ] — диалог
cruel [ˈkru:əl] — жестокий, безжалостный diary [ˈdaɪəri] — дневник
cry [kraɪ] — плакать, кричать dictionary [ˈdɪkʃənri] — словарь
cultural [ˈkʌlʧrəl] — культурный die [daɪ] — умереть
culture [ˈkʌlʧə] — культура died [daɪd] — умерший
cup [kʌp] — чашка difference [ˈdɪfrəns] — различие
curious [ˈkjʊərɪəs] — любопытный different [ˈdɪfrənt] — различный
curly [kɜ:li] — кудрявый difficult [ˈdɪfɪklt] — трудный
custom [ˈkʌstəm]— обычай dinner [ˈdɪnə] — обед
cut [kʌt] (cut, cut) — резать, рубить dirty [ˈdɜ:ti] — грязный
cute [kju:t] — симпатичный discuss [dɪˈskʌs] — обсуждать
dislike [dɪsˈlaɪk] — не любить
D dive [daɪv] (dove, dove) — нырять
divide [dɪˈvaɪd] — делить
dacha [ˈdæʧə]— дача do [du:] (did, done) — делать
dad [dæd]— папа (разг.) doctor [ˈdɒktə] — доктор
dance [dɑ:ns] — танцевать; танец documentary [ˌdɒkjuˈmentəri] — докумен-
dancer [ˈdɑ:nsə] — танцор, танцовщица тальный
183
Vocabulary

dog [dɒɡ] — собака either [ˈaɪðə] — тоже


doll [dɒl] — кукла elder [ˈeldə] — старший (родственник)
dolphin [ˈdɒlfɪn] — дельфин elephant [ˈelɪfənt] — слон
domestic [dəˈmestɪk] — домашний eleven [ɪˈlevn] — одиннадцать
domesticate [dəˈmestɪkeɪt] — приручать else [els] — ещё
door [dɔ:] — дверь e-mail [ˈi:meɪl] — электронная почта
down [daʊn] — вниз end [end] — конец
downstairs [ˌdaʊnˈsteəz] — вниз (по сту- endangered [ɪnˈdeɪnʤəd] — находящийся
пеням) под угрозой вымирания или
drama [ˈdrɑ:mə] — драма уничтожения
dramatise [ˈdræmətaɪz] — инсценировать ending [ˈendɪŋ] — конец (фильма,
draw [drɔ:] (drew, drawn) — рисовать, истории и т. д.)
чертить engineer [ˌenʤɪˈnɪə] — инженер
drawing [ˈdrɔ:ɪŋ] — рисование England [ˈɪŋɡlənd] — Англия
dream [dri:m] (dreamt, dreamt) — меч- English [ˈɪŋɡlɪʃ] — английский;
тать; мечта английский язык
dress [dres] — платье English-speaking [ˈɪŋɡlɪʃ ˌspi:kɪŋ] — англо-
drink [drɪŋk] (drank, drunk) — пить говорящий
drive [draɪv] (drove, driven) — ехать на enjoy [ɪnˈʤɔɪ] — получать удовольствие
машине, вести машину enjoyable [ɪnˈʤɔɪəbl] — приятный,
driver [ˈdraɪvə] — водитель доставляющий удовольствие
drop [drɒp] — падать; падение enough [ɪˈnʌf] — достаточно
dry [draɪ] — сухой escape [ɪˈskeɪp] — убегать; спасение
duck [dʌk] — утка especially [ɪˈspeʃli] — особенно
dull [dʌl] — скучный etc. = etcetera [etˈsetrə] — и так далее
during [ˈdjʊərɪŋ] — на протяжении, Europe [ˈjʊərəp] — Европа
во время (когда?) European [ˌjʊərəˈpi:ən] — европейский
Eve [i:v] — канун
E even [ˈi:vn] — даже
evening [ˈi:vnɪŋ] — вечер
each [i:ʧ] — каждый event [ɪˈvent] — событие
each other — друг друга, друг другу ever [ˈevə] — когда-либо
и т. д. every [ˈevri] — каждый
ear [ɪə] — ухо everybody [ˈevriˌbɒdi] — все (люди)
early [ˈɜ:li]— рано everyone [ˈevriwʌn] — каждый (человек)
earth [ɜ:θ] — земля everything [ˈevriθɪŋ] — всё
east [i:st] — восток, восточный everywhere [ˈevriweə] — всюду
Easter [ˈi:stə] — Пасха exam [ɪɡˈzæm] — экзамен
easy [ˈi:zi]— лёгкий; легко example [ɪɡˈzɑ:mpl] — пример
eat [i:t] (ate, eaten) — есть, кушать excellent [ˈeksələnt] — отличный;
editor [ˈedɪtə] — редактор отлично
education [ˌedjuˈkeɪʃn] — образование except [ɪkˈsept] — кроме
educational [ˌedjuˈkeɪʃnəl] — образователь- exchange [ɪksˈʧeɪnʤ] — обмен
ный excite [ɪkˈsaɪt] — возбуждать, волновать
egg [eɡ] — яйцо excuse [ɪkˈskju:z] — извинять; извинение
eight [eɪt] — восемь exercise [ˈeksəsaɪz] — упражнение
eighteen [ˌeɪˈti:n] — восемнадцать exercise book [ˈeksəsaɪz bʊk] — тетрадь
eighteenth [ˌeɪˈti:nθ] — восемнадцатый (для упражнений)
184
Vocabulary

exhibit [ɪɡˈzɪbɪt] — выставлять, fight [faɪt] (fought, fought) — сражаться


показывать fill [fɪl] (in) — заполнять (пропуски),
exhibition [ˌeksɪˈbɪʃn] — выставка вставлять (слова и т. п.)
exotic [ɪɡˈzɒtɪk] — экзотический film [fɪlm] — фильм
experiment [ɪkˈsperɪment] — опыт, film star [ˈfɪlm stɑ:] — кинозвезда
эксперимент final [ˈfaɪnl]— финал; финальный
explain [ɪkˈspleɪn] — объяснять finally [ˈfaɪnli] — наконец
expression [ɪkˈspreʃn] — выражение find [faɪnd] (found, found) — находить
extra [ˈekstrə] — дополнительный; find out — выяснять
лишний fine [faɪn] — хороший, прекрасный
eye [aɪ] — глаз finish [ˈfɪnɪʃ] — заканчивать
fire [ˈfaɪə] — огонь
F firefighter [ˈfaɪəˌfaɪtə] — пожарный
firework [ˈfaɪəwɜ:k] — фейерверк
face [feɪs] — лицо first [fɜ:st] — первый; сначала
fact [fækt] — факт at first — на первых порах, сначала
fair [feə] — ярмарка fish [fɪʃ]— рыба
fairy [ˈfeəri] — фея five [faɪv] — пять
fairy tale [ˈfeəri teɪl] — сказка flash [flæʃ] — вспышка
fairytale [ˈfeəriteɪl] — сказочный no flash — Не фотографировать!
fall [fɔ:l] (fell, fallen) — падать flat [flæt] — квартира
false [fɔ:ls] — неправильный floor [flɔ:] — пол
family [ˈfæməli] — семья fly [flaɪ] (flew, flown) — летать; муха
famous [ˈfeɪməs] — знаменитый fly a flag — поднимать флаг
to be famous for — быть знаменитым focus [ˈfəʊkəs] — центр
fantastic [fænˈtæstɪk] — фантастический, follow [ˈfɒləʊ] — следовать
превосходный following [ˈfɒləʊɪŋ] — следующий
far [fɑ:]— далёкий; далеко fond [fɒnd] — любящий
farm [fɑ:m]— ферма to be fond of (smb, smth) — любить
farmer [ˈfɑ:mə]— фермер (кого-то, что-то)
fast [fɑ:st] — быстрый; быстро food [fu:d] — еда, пища
fat [fæt] — толстый, жирный foot [fʊt] (мн. ч. feet) — ступня
father [ˈfɑ:ðə] — папа, отец football [ˈfʊtbɔ:l] — футбол
favourite [ˈfeɪvərɪt]— любимый football player [ˈfʊtbɔ:l ˌpleɪə] — футболист
feather [ˈfeðə] — перо for [fɔ:] — для, в течение (как долго?)
February [ˈfebruəri] — февраль forecast [ˈfɒ:kəst] — прогноз
Federation [ˌfedəˈreɪʃn] — федерация foreign [ˈfɒrən] — иностранный
feed [fi:d] (fed, fed) — кормить foreigner [ˈfɒrənə] — иностранец
feeding [ˈfi:dɪŋ] — кормление forest [ˈfɒrəst] — лес
feel [fi:l] (felt, felt) — чувствовать forget [fəˈɡet] (forgot, forgotten) —
female [ˈfi:meɪl]— женский забывать
festival [ˈfestɪvl] — фестиваль fork [fɔ:k] — вилка
few [fju:] — немного, мало form [fɔ:m]— класс
a few — несколько formal [ˈfɔ:ml]— формальный
field [fi:ld] — поле formality [fɔ:ˈmæləti]— формальность
fifteen [ˌfɪfˈti:n] — пятнадцать fortress [ˈfɔ:trəs] — крепость
fifth [fɪfθ] — пятый forward [ˈfɔ:wəd] — направить; вперёд
fifty [ˈfɪfti] — пятьдесят fountain [ˈfaʊntɪn] — фонтан
185
Vocabulary

four [fɔ:] — четыре glad [ɡlæd]— довольный


fourteen [ˌfɔ:ˈti:n] — четырнадцать to be glad — радоваться
France [frɑ:ns] — Франция glass [ɡlɑ:s] — стакан; стекло
free [fri:]— свободный, вольный, go [ɡəʊ] (went, gone) — ходить, идти,
бесплатный ехать
freedom [ˈfri:dəm] — свобода to go to bed — ложиться спать
French [frenʧ] — французский, to go for a walk — прогуляться
французский язык to go by bike — кататься на велосипеде
Friday [ˈfraɪdeɪ] — пятница to go shopping — ходить за покупками
friend [frend] — друг goat [ɡəʊt] — коза, козёл
to make friends with smb — подру- goldfish [ˈɡəʊldfɪʃ] — золотая рыбка
житься с кем-либо good [ɡʊd] — хороший, добрый
friendly [ˈfrendli] — дружелюбный goodbye [ˌɡʊdˈbaɪ] — до свидания
frighten [ˈfraɪtn] — напугать Goodness! [ˈɡʊdnəs] — Господи!
from [frɒm]— от grade [ɡreɪd] — класс
front [frʌnt] — передний grammar [ˈɡræmə] — грамматика
frosty [ˈfrɒsti]— морозный grandfather [ˈɡrændˌfɑ:ðə] — дедушка
fruit [fru:t] — фрукты grandma [ˈɡrænmɑ:] — бабушка (разг.)
full [fʊl] of smth — полный чего-либо grandmother [ˈɡrændˌmʌðə] — бабушка
fun [fʌn] — веселье, удовольствие grandpa [ˈɡrænpɑ:] — дедушка (разг.)
funny [ˈfʌni] — смешной, забавный grandparents [ˈɡrændˌpeərənts] — бабушка
future [ˈfju:ʧə] — будущее; будущий и дедушка
grandson [ˈɡrænsʌn] — внук
G granny [ˈɡræni] — бабушка, бабуля (разг.)
grass [ɡrɑ:s] — трава
gallery [ˈɡæləri] — галерея great [ɡreɪt] — великий
art gallery — художественная галерея Greece [ɡri:s] — Греция
game [ɡeɪm] — игра green [ɡri:n]— зелёный
gap [ɡæp]— пропуск Greenwich [ˈɡrenɪʧ] — Гринвич
garden [ˈɡɑ:dn] — сад grey [ɡreɪ] — серый; седой
gardening [ˈɡɑ:dnɪŋ] — садоводство ground [ɡraʊnd] — земля
gather [ˈɡæðə] — собирать group [ɡru:p] — группа
German [ˈʤɜ:mən] — немецкий; grow [ɡrəʊ] (grew, grown) — расти,
немецкий язык выращивать
Germany [ˈʤɜ:məni] — Германия growl [ɡraʊl] — рычать
get [ɡət] (got, got) — получать grown-up [ˌɡrəʊn ˈʌp] — взрослый
to get up — вставать guard [ɡɑ:d] — стража, караул
to get along / to get on — уживаться guess [ɡes] — догадываться
to get rid of — избавиться guest [ɡest] — гость
to get ready — готовиться guide [ɡaɪd] — гид
giant [ˈʤaɪənt] — гигантский guitar [ɡɪˈtɑ:] — гитара
gift [ɡɪft] — подарок, сувенир
giraffe [ʤəˈrɑ:f] — жираф
H
girl [ɡɜ:l] — девочка
give [ɡɪv] (gave, given) — давать, подавать hair [heə]— волосы
to give presents — дарить подарки half [hɑ:f] — половина
to give up smth — отказываться от hall [hɔ:l] — холл, зал
чего-либо, бросать делать что-либо Halloween [ˌhæləʊˈi:n] — Хэллоуин
186
Vocabulary

ham [hæm] — ветчина hold [həʊld] (held, held) — держать


hamster [ˈhæmstə] — хомяк holiday [ˈhɒlədeɪ] — праздник
hand [hænd] — рука (кисть) holydays [ˈhɒlədeɪz]— каникулы
handmade [ˌhændˈmeɪd] — ручной работы home [həʊm] — дом; домой
handsome [ˈhænsəm] — красивый homeless [ˈhəʊmləs]— бездомный
handwriting [ˈhændˌraɪtɪŋ] — почерк homesick [ˈhəʊmsɪk] — тоскующий
happen [ˈhæpən] — случаться, по дому
происходить homework [ˈhəʊmwɜ:k] — домашняя
happy [ˈhæpi] — счастливый работа
hard [hɑ:d] — трудный; усердно honey [ˈhʌni] — мёд
to work hard — усердно трудиться hope [həʊp] — надеяться; надежда
hardly [ˈhɑ:dli] — едва, с трудом horse [hɔ:s] — лошадь
hate [heɪt] — ненавидеть horse riding [ˈhɔ:s ˌraɪdɪŋ] — катание
hat [hæt] — шляпа на лошади
have [hæv] (had, had) — иметь hospitable [ˈhɒspɪtəbl] — гостеприимный
he [hi:] — он hospital [ˈhɒspɪtl] — больница
head [hed] — голова host [həʊst] — хозяин; принимающий
headteacher [hedˈti:ʧə] — директор школы hot [hɒt]— горячий
heading [ˈhedɪŋ] — заголовок hotel [ˌhəʊˈtel]— гостиница, отель
health [helθ] — здоровье hour [ˈaʊə] — час
healthy [ˈhelθi] — здоровый house [haʊs] — дом
hear [hɪə] (heard, heard) — слышать housewife [ˈhaʊswaɪf] — домашняя
heart [hɑ:t] — сердце хозяйка
by heart — наизусть housework [ˈhaʊswɜ:k] — домашняя
работа (работа по дому)
hello [həˈləʊ] — привет
how [haʊ] — как (вопросительное слово)
help [help] — помогать; помощь
How old are you? — Сколько вам /
helpful [ˈhelpfl] — полезный
тебе лет?
hen [hen] — курица
How long? — Сколько? Как долго?
her [hɜ:] — её
however [haʊˈevə] — однако
here [hɪə] — здесь
human [ˈhju:mən] — человеческий
hero [ˈhɪərəʊ] — герой
humour [ˈhju:mə] — юмор
herself [hɜ:ˈself] — (она) сама
hundred [ˈhʌndrəd] — сотня
Hi! [haɪ] — Привет!
hungry [ˈhʌŋɡri] — голодный
hide [haɪd] (hid, hidden) — прятать(ся) hunting [ˈhʌntɪŋ] — охота
high [haɪ] — высокий hurry [ˈhʌri] — спешить
him [hɪm] — его hurt [hɜ:t] (hurt, hurt) — ушибить(ся),
himself [hɪmˈself] — (он) сам обидеть; вред
hike [haɪk] — длительная прогулка, поход husband [ˈhʌzbənd] — муж
to go on a hike — ходить в поход
hill [hɪl] — холм
I
his [hɪz] — его
historic [hɪˈstɒrɪk] — исторический I [aɪ] — я
(имеющий историческое значение) ice [aɪs] — лёд
historical [hɪˈstɒrɪkl] — исторический iceberg [ˈaɪsbɜ:ɡ] — айсберг
(связанный с историей) ice cream [ˌaɪs ˈkri:m] — мороженое
history [ˈhɪstri] — история idea [aɪˈdɪə] — идея
hobby [ˈhɒbi] — хобби ideal [aɪˈdɪəl] — идеальный
hockey [ˈhɒki] — хоккей if [ɪf] — если, ли
187
Vocabulary

ill [ɪl] — больной invite [ɪnˈvaɪt] — приглашать


to be ill — болеть Ireland [ˈaɪələnd] — Ирландия
image [ˈɪmɪʤ] — образ irregular [ɪˈreɡjʊlə] verb — неправильный
imagine [ɪˈmæʤɪn] — представить, глагол
вообразить is [ɪz] (см. be) — глагол-связка
impolite [ˌɪmpəˈlaɪt]— невежливый, island [ˈaɪlənd] — остров
неучтивый it [ɪt] — это, оно
important [ɪmˈpɔ:tnt]— важный Italian [ɪˈtæljən] — итальянский;
impossible [ɪmˈpɒsəbl] — невозможный, итальянский язык
невыполнимый
impression [ɪmˈpreʃən] — впечатление J
impressive [ɪmˈpresɪv] — производящий
глубокое впечатление, выразительный jam [ʤæm] — варенье
improve [ɪmˈpru:v] — улучшать(ся), January [ˈʤænjuəri] — январь
совершенствовать(ся) jeans [ʤi:nz] — джинсы
in [ɪn] — в jewels [ˈʤu:əlz] — драгоценности
include [ɪnˈklu:d] — заключать, содержать job [ʤɒb] — работа
в себе join [ʤɔɪn] — присоединяться, вступать
indefinite [ɪnˈdefənət] — неопределённый joke [ʤəʊk] — шутка
independence [ˌɪndɪˈpendəns] — journalist [ˈʤɜ:nəlɪst] — журналист
независимость journey [ˈʤɜ:ni] — путешествие
independent [ˌɪndɪˈpendənt] — joy [ʤɔɪ]— радость, веселье
независимый jubilee [ˈʤu:bɪli:] — юбилей
India [ˈɪndiə] — Индия juice [ʤu:s] — сок
infinitive [ɪnˈfɪnətɪv] — инфинитив July [ʤʊˈlaɪ] — июль
(неопределённая форма глагола) jump [ʤʌmp]— прыгать
inform [ɪnˈfɔ:m] — сообщать, June [ʤu:n] — июнь
информировать just [ʤʌst] — только что
informal [ɪnˈfɔ:ml] — неофициальный
information [ˌɪnfəˈmeɪʃn] — информация K
Information Technology (I.T.) —
информатика (учебный предмет) keep [ki:p] (kept, kept) — держать, хранить
inside [ˌɪnˈsaɪd] — внутри, внутрь to keep fit — быть в хорошей форме
instead [ɪnˈsted] — вместо этого key [ki:] — ключ
instrument [ˈɪnstrəmənt] — инструмент kick [kɪk] — пинок; пинать
intelligent [ɪnˈtelɪʤənt]— kid [kɪd] — ребёнок
сообразительный kind [kaɪnd] — вид, разновидность;
interest [ˈɪntrəst] — интерес добрый
to be interested in smth — king [kɪŋ] — король
интересоваться чем-либо kingdom [ˈkɪŋdəm] — королевство
interesting [ˈɪntrəstɪŋ] — интересный kiss [kɪs] — целовать; поцелуй
Internet [ˈɪntənet] — Интернет kitchen [ˈkɪʧən] — кухня
interview [ˈɪntəvju:] — интервью kite [kaɪt] — бумажный змей
to give an interview — давать интервью kitten [ˈkɪtn] — котёнок
into [ˈɪntu:] — внутрь knife [naɪf] (мн. ч. knives [naɪvz]) — нож
introduce [ˌɪntrəˈdju:s] — представлять, know [nəʊ] (knew, known) — знать
знакомить knowledge [ˈnɒlɪʤ] — знания
invitation [ˌɪnvɪˈteɪʃn] — приглашение Kremlin [ˈkremlɪn] — Кремль
188
Vocabulary

L lion [ˈlaɪən] — лев


list [lɪst] — список
label [ˈleɪbl] — этикетка listen [ˈlɪsn] — слушать
lady [ˈleɪdi] — дама, леди literary [ˈlɪtrəri]— литературный
lake [leɪk] — озеро literature [ˈlɪtrəʧə]— литература
land [lænd] — земля
little [ˈlɪtl] — маленький; мало
language [ˈlæŋɡwɪʤ] — язык
a little — немного, чуть-чуть
lap [læp]— колено
live [lɪv] — жить
large [lɑ:ʤ] — большой
local [ˈləʊkəl] — местный
last [lɑ:st] — прошлый, последний
Londoner [ˈlʌndənə] — лондонец
late [leɪt]— поздно; поздний
lonely [ˈləʊnli] — одинокий
I am late.— Я опоздал(а).
long [lɒŋ] — длинный
lately [ˈleɪtli]— в последнее время
look [lʊk] — смотреть, выглядеть
later [ˈleɪtə] — позже, спустя
to look at — смотреть на
latest [ˈleɪtɪst] — последний
to look for — искать
laugh [lɑ:f] — смеяться
to look like — быть похожим на
lawyer [ˈlɔ:jə]— юрист
to look out — выглядывать
lay [leɪ] (laid, laid) — класть,
lord [lɔ:d] — лорд, господин
положить
lose [lu:z] (lost, lost) — терять,
to lay the table — накрыть на стол
проигрывать
lazy [ˈleɪzi] — ленивый
lots [lɒts] of; a lot of — много
lead [li:d] (led, led) — лидировать, вести
loud [laʊd] — громкий
за собой
loudly [ˈlaʊdli] — громко
leader [ˈli:də] — лидер
love [lʌv] — любить; любовь
learn [lɜ:n] (learnt, learnt) — учить что-то,
lovely [ˈlʌvli]— симпатичный, приятный
узнавать
loving [ˈlʌvɪŋ] — любящий
leave [li:v] (left, left) — уезжать,
luck [lʌk] — счастье, удача
оставлять
lucky [ˈlʌki] — счастливый, удачливый
lecture [ˈlekʧə] — лекция
lunch [lʌnʧ] — еда в середине дня (ланч)
left [left]— левый
leg [leɡ] — нога
legend [ˈleʤənd] — легенда M
lemon [ˈlemən] — лимон
lend [lend] (lent, lent) — давать взаймы, ma [mɑ:] — мама (разг.)
одалживать madam [ˈmædəm] — мадам
lesson [ˈlesn] — урок magazine [ˌmæɡəˈzi:n] — журнал
let [let] us = let’s — давай(те) magic [ˈmæʤɪk] — волшебный
letter [ˈletə] — буква, письмо magician [məˈʤɪʃn] — фокусник,
letterbox [ˈletəbɒks] — почтовый ящик волшебник
librarian [laɪˈbreəriən] — библиотекарь main [meɪn] — главный
library [ˈlaɪbrəri]— библиотека make [meɪk] (made, made) — делать,
life [laɪf]— жизнь изготавливать, заставлять
life-size [ˈlaɪfsaɪz]— в натуральную male [meɪl] — мужской
величину man [mæn] — мужчина
lift [lɪft] — лифт manage [ˈmænɪʤ] — справляться
light [laɪt] — светлый manager [ˈmænɪʤə] — менеджер
like [laɪk] — любить, нравиться man-made [ˌmæn ˈmeɪd] — искусствен-
line [laɪn] — линия ный, созданный руками человека
189
Vocabulary

many [ˈmeni] — много money [ˈmʌni] — деньги


mар [mæp] — карта monkey [ˈmʌŋki] — обезьяна
March [mɑ:ʧ] — март month [mʌnθ] — месяц
mark [mɑ:k] — отметка monument [ˈmɒnjumənt] — памятник
master [ˈmɑ:stə] — хозяин moon [mu:n] — луна
match [mæʧ] — подбирать (в пару) more [mɔ:] — больше, более
Mathematics [ˌmæθəˈmætɪks] (Maths) — morning [ˈmɔ:nɪŋ] — утро
математика most [məʊst] — самый
matter [ˈmætə] — вопрос, дело mother [ˈmʌðə] — мама; мать
What’s the matter? — В чём дело? Motherland [ˈmʌðəlænd] — родина
may — модальный глагол mouse [maʊs] — мышь
May I ...? — Можно мне ...? mouth [maʊθ] — рот
May [meɪ] — май move [mu:v] — двигать(ся),
me [mi:] — мне, меня передвигать(ся)
meal [mi:l] — пища, еда much [mʌʧ] — много
mean [mi:n] (meant, meant) — означать mug [mʌɡ] — кружка
I mean — я имею в виду mum [mʌm] = mummy — мама
meaning [ˈmi:nɪŋ] — значение museum [mju:ˈzi:əm] — музей
meat [mi:t] — мясо mushroom [ˈmʌʃrʊm] — гриб
medicine [ˈmedsn] — лекарство music [ˈmju:zɪk] — музыка
meet [mi:t] (met, met) — встретить, musical [ˈmju:zɪkl] — музыкальный
познакомиться musician [mju:ˈzɪʃn] — музыкант
meeting [ˈmi:tɪŋ] — встреча must [mʌst] — должен
member [ˈmembə] — член my [maɪ] — мой, моя, моё, мои
memory [ˈmeməri]— память myself [maɪˈself] — (я) сам
meridian [meˈrɪdiən]— меридиан
merry [ˈmeri] — весёлый
N
merry-go-round [ˈmeri ɡəʊ ˌraʊnd] —
карусель name [neɪm] — имя
mice [maɪs] — мыши napkin [ˈnæpkɪn] — салфетка
middle [ˈmɪdl] — середина natural [ˈnæʧrəl] — естественный,
midnight [ˈmɪdnaɪt] — полночь природный
milk [mɪlk]— молоко nature [ˈneɪʧə] — природа
million [ˈmɪljən] — миллион naughty [ˈnɔ:ti] — непослушный
mind [maɪnd] — возражать near [nɪə] — около, рядом, близко
mineral [ˈmɪnrəl] — минерал nearly [ˈnɪəli] — близко, почти
minister [ˈmɪnɪstə] — министр necessary [ˈnesəseri] — необходимый
minute [ˈmɪnɪt] — минута neck [nek] — шея
just a minute — подождите минуточку need [ni:d] — нуждаться; нужда
in a minute — через минуту nervous [ˈnɜ:vəs] — нервный
mirror [ˈmɪrə] — зеркало never [ˈnevə] — никогда
miss [mɪs] — пропускать; скучать new [nju:] — новый
mobile [ˈməʊbaɪl] — мобильный newcomer [ˈnju:kʌmə] — новичок, вновь
modal [ˈməʊdl] — модальный прибывший
model [ˈmɒdl] — модель, образец news [nju:z] — новость, новости
modern [ˈmɒdn] — современный newspaper [ˈnju:zˌpeɪpə] — газета
moment [ˈməʊmənt] — момент next [nekst] — следующий, ближайший,
Monday [ˈmʌndeɪ] — понедельник будущий
190
Vocabulary

nice [naɪs] — красивый, приятный onion [ˈʌnjən] — лук


nickname [ˈnɪkneɪm] — прозвище only [ˈəʊnli] — только
niece [ni:s] — племянница open [ˈəʊpən] — открывать; открытый
night [naɪt] — ночь opinion [əˈpɪnjən] — мнение
nine [naɪn] — девять opportunity [ˌɒpəˈtju:nəti] — возможность
nineteenth [ˌnaɪnˈti:nθ] — девятнадцатый opposite [ˈɒpəzɪt] — напротив;
no [nəʊ] — нет противоположный
nobody [ˈnəʊbədi]— никто or [ɔ:] — или
noise [nɔɪz] — шум orange [ˈɒrɪnʤ] — апельсин
noisy [ˈnɔɪzi] — шумный order [ˈɔ:də] — порядок
non-athletic [ˌnɒn æθˈletɪk] — organise [ˈɔ:ɡənaɪz] — организовывать,
неспортивный устраивать
north [nɔ:θ]— север other [ˈʌðə] — другой, иной
northern [ˈnɔ:ðn] — северный our [ˈaʊə] — наш
Norway [ˈnɔ:weɪ]— Норвегия ourselves [aʊəˈselvz] — (мы) сами
nose [nəʊz] — нос out [aʊt] — вне, за, из
not [nɒt] — отрицательная outdoors [ˌaʊtˈdɔ:z] — на открытом
частица не воздухе
note [nəʊt] — заметка, запись outside [ˌaʊtˈsaɪd] — за пределами; вне
nothing [ˈnʌθɪŋ] — ничто, ничего over [ˈəʊvə] — над
notice [ˈnəʊtɪs] — замечать, обращать owl [aʊl] — сова
внимание own [əʊn] — собственный
noun [naʊn] — имя существительное
novel [ˈnɒvl] — роман
November [nəʊˈvembə] — ноябрь P
now [naʊ] — теперь, сейчас package [ˈpækɪʤ] — упаковка
number [ˈnʌmbə] — номер packet [ˈpækɪt] — пакет
nurse [nɜ:s] — медсестра, няня
page [peɪʤ] — страница
nut [nʌt] — орех
paint [peɪnt] — рисовать (красками)
painting [ˈpeɪntɪŋ] — рисунок, полотно,
O картина
pair [peə] — пара
obedient [əˈbi:diənt] — послушный
occupation [ˌɒkjuˈpeɪʃn] — работа palace [ˈpæləs]— дворец
ocean [ˈəʊʃn] — океан pan [pæn] — кастрюля
October [ɒkˈtəʊbə] — октябрь pancake [ˈpænkeɪk] — блин
of [ɒv] — предлог, указывает на принад- panic [ˈpænɪk]— паника
лежность, передаётся род. падежом paper [ˈpeɪpə] — бумага
offer [ˈɒfə] — предлагать paragraph [ˈpærəɡrɑ:f]— параграф; абзац
office [ˈɒfɪs] — офис parent [ˈpeərənt]— родитель
often [ˈɒfn]— часто park [pɑ:k] — парк
OK = okay [əʊˈkeɪ] — хорошо, parliament [ˈpɑ:ləmənt]— парламент
всё в порядке parrot [ˈpærət]— попугай
old [əʊld] — старый part [pɑ:t] — часть
older [ˈəʊldə] — старше (по возрасту) participle [ˈpɑ:tɪsɪpl] — причастие
Olympic [əˈlɪmpɪk] — олимпийский partner [ˈpɑ:tnə] — партнёр
on [ɒn] — на party [ˈpɑ:ti] — приём гостей, вечеринка
once [wʌns] — однажды pass [pɑ:s] — проход
one [wʌn] — один past [pɑ:st] — прошедший
191
Vocabulary

pay [peɪ] (paid, paid) — платить playground [ˈpleɪɡraʊnd] — спортплощадка


peace [pi:s] — мир pleasant [ˈpleznt] — приятный
pen [pen] — ручка please [pli:z] — пожалуйста
pen friend [ˈpenfrend] — друг по переписке pleasure [ˈpleʒə] — удовольствие
pencil [ˈpensl] — карандаш plump [plʌmp] — пухлый
penguin [ˈpeŋɡwɪn] — пингвин plural [ˈplʊərəl] — множественное число
people [ˈpi:pl] — люди p.m. (pm) [ˌpi:ˈem] — пополудни
perfect [ˈpɜ:fɪkt] — совершенный poet [ˈpəʊɪt] — поэт
perform [pəˈfɔ:m] — выступать poetry [ˈpəʊətri] — поэзия
performance [pəˈfɔ:məns] — представле- point [pɔɪnt] — пункт, точка
ние, спектакль to point out [pɔɪnt ˈaʊt] — указать
perhaps [pəˈhæps] — возможно police [pəˈli:s] — полиция
period [ˈpɪəriəd] — период policeman [pəˈli:smən] (police officer) —
person [ˈpɜ:sn] — человек, личность полицейский
personal [ˈpɜ:snəl] — личный polite [pəˈlaɪt] — вежливый
pet [pet] — домашний питомец, politely [pəˈlaɪtli] — вежливо
любимое домашнее животное political [pəˈlɪtɪkl] — политический
phone [fəʊn] — звонить по телефону; politician [ˌpɒləˈtɪʃn] — политик
телефон politics [ˈpɒlətɪks] — политика
photo [ˈfəʊtəʊ] — фотография pond [pɒnd] — пруд, водоём
phrase [freɪz] — фраза pool [pu:l] — бассейн
Physical [ˈfɪzɪkl] Education (P.E.)— poor [pɔ:] — бедный
физкультура (учебный предмет) popular [ˈpɒpjələ] — популярный
pianist [ˈpi:ənɪst] — пианист portait [ˈpɔ:trət] — портрет
piano [piˈænəʊ] — пианино possible [ˈpɒsəbl] — возможный
pick up [ˈpɪk ʌp] — собирать postcard [ˈpəʊstkɑ:d]— открытка
picnic [ˈpɪknɪk] — пикник poster [ˈpəʊstə]— плакат
picture [ˈpɪkʧə]— картина postman [ˈpəʊstmən]— почтальон
pie [paɪ] — пирог potato [pəˈteɪtəʊ]— картошка
piece [pi:s] — кусок pot [pɒt] — горшок
piglet [ˈpɪɡlət] — поросёнок pound [paʊnd] — фунт
pile [paɪl] — груда, куча practice [ˈpræktɪs] — практика
pillowcase [ˈpɪləʊkeɪs] — наволочка prefer [prɪˈfɜ:] — предпочитать
pink [pɪŋk] — розовый prepare [prɪˈpeə] — приготавливать(ся)
pipe [paɪp] — труба, трубка preposition [ˌprepəˈzɪʃn] — предлог
pity [ˈpɪti] — жалость present [ˈpreznt] — подарок; настоящий
pizza [ˈpi:tsə] — пицца present [prɪˈzent] — представить,
place [pleɪs] — место показать
place of interest — достопримечатель- presentation [ˌpreznˈteɪʃn] — презентация,
ность представление
plan [plæn] — план president [ˈprezɪdənt] — президент
plane [pleɪn] — самолёт pretty [ˈprɪti] — хорошенький,
plant [plɑ:nt] — растение миловидный
plate [pleɪt] — тарелка prince [prɪns] — принц
play [pleɪ] — играть; игра prize [praɪz] — приз
to play jokes — шутить probably [ˈprɒbəbli] — вероятно
to play sport — заниматься спортом problem [ˈprɒbləm] — проблема
to play the piano — играть на пианино produce [prəˈdju:s] — производить
192
Vocabulary

program [ˈprəʊɡræm] — программа recently [ˈri:səntli] — недавно, на днях


programmer [ˈprəʊɡræmə] — программист recognise [ˈrekəɡnaɪz] — узнавать
progress [ˈprəʊɡres] — прогресс, red [red] — красный
развитие reference [ˈrefrəns] — справочник
progressive [prəʊˈɡresɪv] — прогрессив- region [ˈri:ʤən] — область
ный, передовой registered [ˈreʤɪstəd] — зарегистрирован-
project [ˈprɒʤekt] — проект ный
promise [ˈprɒmɪs] — обещать regular [ˈreɡjʊlə] — регулярный
pronounce [prəˈnaʊns] — произносить relation [rɪˈleɪʃn] — отношение
pronunciation [prəˌnʌnsɪˈeɪʃn] — произно- relative [ˈrelətɪv] — родственник
шение remember [rɪˈmembə] — помнить
propose [prəˈpəʊz] — предлагать repair [rɪˈpeə] — чинить
prose [prəʊz] — проза repeat [rɪˈpi:t] — повторять
protect [prəˈtekt] — защищать resolution [ˌrezəˈlu:ʃn] — решение,
proud [praʊd] — гордый обещание
to be proud of — гордиться чем-либо responsible [rɪˈspɒnsəbl] — ответственный
publish [ˈpʌblɪʃ] — публиковать, печатать to be responsible for smb, smth —
pudding [ˈpʊdɪŋ] — пудинг быть ответственным за кого-либо,
pupil [ˈpju:pl] — ученик что-либо
puppet [ˈpʌpɪt] — марионетка, кукла rest [rest] — отдыхать; отдых
puppy [ˈpʌpi] — щенок result [rɪˈzʌlt] — результат
put [pʊt] (put, put) — класть, ставить retell [ˌrɪˈtel] — пересказать
puzzle [ˈpʌzl] — пазл, головоломка return [rɪˈtɜ:n] — возвращаться, отдавать
review [rɪˈvju:] — обзор
Q rich [rɪʧ] — богатый
to be rich in (smth) — быть богатым
queen [kwi:n] — королева (чем-либо)
question [ˈkwesʧən] — вопрос ride [raɪd] (rode, ridden) — кататься
quick [kwɪk] — быстрый верхом
quiet [ˈkwaɪət] — тихий to ride a bike — кататься
quite [kwaɪt] — довольно; вполне на велосипеде
right [raɪt] — правый; правильный
R all right — всё в порядке
ring [rɪŋ] (rang, rung) — звонить
rabbit [ˈræbɪt] — кролик rink [rɪŋk] — каток
racket [ˈrækɪt] — ракетка river [ˈrɪvə] — река
radio [ˈreɪdiəʊ]— радио road [rəʊd] — дорога
rain [reɪn] — дождь roast [rəʊst] — жареный
rainy [ˈreɪni] — дождливый robber [ˈrɒbə] — грабитель
raspberry jam [ˈrɑ:zbəri ʤæm] — малино- rock [rɒk] — рок
вое варенье role [rəʊl] — роль
rather [ˈrɑ:ðə] — довольно(-таки) room [ru:m] — комната
raven [ˈreɪvn] — ворон rose [rəʊz] — роза
read [ri:d] (read, read) — читать round [raʊnd] — круглый
ready [ˈredi] — готовый royal [ˈrɔɪəl] — королевский
real [rɪəl] — подлинный, истинный rubber [ˈrʌbə] — ластик
really [ˈrɪəli] — действительно rubbish [ˈrʌbɪʃ] — мусор
reason [ˈri:zn] — причина rucksack [ˈrʌksæk] — рюкзак
193
Vocabulary

rude [ru:d] — грубый secretary [ˈsekrətəri] — секретарь


ruler [ˈru:lə] — линейка section [ˈsekʃn] — параграф, раздел
run [rʌn] (ran, run) — бегать see [si:] (saw, seen) — видеть
runner [ˈrʌnə] — бегун seek [si:k] (sought, sought) — искать
rush [rʌʃ] — бросаться, мчаться seem [si:m] — казаться, представляться
Russia [ˈrʌʃə] — Россия self-regulation [ˌself ˌreɡjuˈleɪʃn] — само-
Russian [ˈrʌʃn] — русский; управление
русский язык sell [sel] (sold, sold) — продавать
send [send] (sent, sent) — посылать
S sense [sens] — чувство
sense of humour [ˈhju:mə] — чувство
sad [sæd] — грустный, печальный юмора
sailor [ˈseɪlə] — моряк sentence [ˈsentəns] — предложение
salad [ˈsæləd] — салат September [sepˈtembə] — сентябрь
same [seɪm]— тот же самый serious [ˈsɪəriəs]— серьёзный
sandwich [ˈsænwɪʤ] — бутерброд seriously [ˈsɪəriəsli]— серьёзно
Saturday [ˈsætədeɪ] — суббота session [ˈseʃən]— заседание
save [seɪv] — спасать set [set] (set, set) the table — накрывать
say [seɪ] (said, said) — говорить, на стол
сказать (что-то) setter [ˈsetə] — сеттер (порода собак)
saying [ˈseɪɪŋ]— поговорка seven [ˈsevn]— семь
scarf [skɑ:f] — шарф several [ˈsevrəl] — несколько
scene [si:n]— сцена shake [ʃeɪk] (shook, shaken) — трясти
school [sku:l]— школа shall [ʃæl] — вспомогательный глагол,
schoolbag [ˈsku:lbæɡ]— школьная сумка модальный глагол
schoolchildren [ˈsku:lˌʧɪldrən]— школь- shame [ʃeɪm] — стыд
ники share [ʃeə] — делиться, пользоваться
schoolmate [ˈsku:lmeɪt]— школьный друг, вместе
школьная подруга sharp [ʃɑ:p]— острый
Science [ˈsaɪəns] — естественные науки sharpener [ˈʃɑ:pnə]— точилка
(учебный предмет) she [ʃi:] — она
scientific [ˌsaɪənˈtɪfɪk] — научный sheep [ʃi:p] — овца(ы)
scientist [ˈsaɪəntɪst] — учёный sheet [ʃi:t] — лист
score [skɔ:] — счёт shelf [ʃelf] (мн. ч. shelves [ʃelvz]) —
Scotland [ˈskɒtlənd] — Шотландия книжная полка
Scottish [ˈskɒtɪʃ] — шотландский shine [ʃaɪn] (shone, shone) — светить
scratch [skræʧ] — царапина ship [ʃɪp] — корабль
script [skrɪpt] — сценарий shirt [ʃɜ:t]— рубашка
scriptwriter [ˈskrɪptˌraɪtə] — сценарист shoe [ʃu:] — туфля
sculpture [ˈskʌlpʧə] — скульптура shop [ʃɒp] — магазин
sea [si:] — море shop assistant [ˈʃɒp əˌsɪstənt] — продавец
seashell [ˈsi:ʃel] — морская ракушка short [ʃɔ:t] — короткий
seashore [ˈsi:ʃɔ:] — побережье shout [ʃaʊt] — кричать
season [ˈsi:zn] — время года, сезон show [ʃəʊ] (showed, shown) — показывать;
seat [si:t] — место представление, шоу
second [ˈsekənd] — второй shut [ʃʌt] (shut, shut) — закрывать
secondary [ˈsekəndəri] — средний shy [ʃaɪ] — застенчивый
secret [ˈsi:krət] — секретный sick [sɪk] — больной
194
Vocabulary

side [saɪd] — сторона soldier [ˈsəʊlʤə] — солдат


sigh [saɪ] — вздыхать; вздох solve [sɒlv] — решать (задачу, пример)
sight [saɪt] — взгляд, достопримечатель- some [sʌm] — несколько, некоторое
ность количество
sign [saɪn] — подписывать(ся); знак somebody [ˈsʌmbədi] — кто-то
silly [ˈsɪli]— глупый someone [ˈsʌmwʌn] — кто-то
similar [ˈsɪmələ] — подобный, похожий something [ˈsʌmθɪŋ] — что-то
simple [ˈsɪmpl] — простой sometimes [ˈsʌmtaɪmz] — иногда
since [sɪns] — с тех пор как son [sʌn] — сын
sincerely [sɪnˈsɪəli] (yours) — искренне song [sɒŋ]— песня
(Ваш) soon [su:n]— скоро
sing [sɪŋ] (sang, sung) — петь sore [sɔ:] — больной, воспалённый
singer [ˈsɪŋə] — певец sorry [ˈsɒri]— извините
sir [sɜ:] — сэр sound [saʊnd]— звук
sister [ˈsɪstə] — сестра souvenir [ˌsu:vəˈnɪə] — подарок
sit [sɪt] (sat, sat) — сидеть south [saʊθ] — юг
sitting room [ˈsɪtɪŋ ru:m] — гостиная Spain [speɪn] — Испания
situation [ˌsɪʧuˈeɪʃn] — ситуация Spanish [ˈspænɪʃ] — испанский;
six [sɪks] — шесть испанский язык
sixth [sɪksθ] — шестой speak [spi:k] (spoke, spoken) — разгова-
skate [skeɪt] — кататься на коньках
ривать, говорить
ski [ski:] — кататься на лыжах
speaker [ˈspi:kə] — оратор, говорящий
skill [skɪl] — навык, умение
special [ˈspeʃl] — особый, специальный
skin [skɪn] — кожа
speech [spi:ʧ] — речь
sleep [sli:p] (slept, slept) — спать
spend [spend] (spent, spent) — проводить,
sleigh [sleɪ] — сани
тратить
slice [slaɪs] — (отрезанный) кусочек,
spoon [spu:n] — ложка
ломтик
sport [spɔ:t] — спорт
slim [slɪm] — тонкий, стройный
slow [sləʊ] — медленный; медленно sportsman [ˈspɔ:tsmən] — спортсмен
slowly [ˈsləʊli] — медленно sportwoman [ˈspɔ:tswʊmən] —
small [smɔ:l] — маленький спортсменка
smart [smɑ:t]— умный spring [sprɪŋ] — весна
smell [smel] (smelt, smelt) — пахнуть, square [skweə] — площадь
нюхать; запах squirrel [ˈskwɪrəl] — белка
smile [smaɪl] — улыбаться; улыбка stadium [ˈsteɪdiəm] — стадион
snow [snəʊ] — снег stamp [stæmp] — марка
snowball [ˈsnəʊbɔ:l] — снежок, снежный stand [stænd] (stood, stood) — стоять
ком star [stɑ:] — звезда
snowman [ˈsnəʊmæn] — снеговик start [stɑ:t] — начинать; старт
snowy [ˈsnəʊi] — снежный state [steɪt] — государство
so [səʊ] — так, такой; поэтому statement [ˈsteɪtmənt] — утверждение,
sociable [ˈsəʊʃəbl] — общительный заявление
social [ˈsəʊʃl] — социальный, station [ˈsteɪʃn] — станция
общественный statue [ˈstæʧu:] — статуя
social programme — культурная stay [steɪ] — пребывание
программа to stay at [ˈsteɪ æt] — останавливаться
sofa [ˈsəʊfə]— диван to stay with [ˈsteɪ wɪð] — гостить
soft [sɒft] — мягкий step [step] — шаг
195
Vocabulary

still [stɪl] — всё ещё T


stocking [ˈstɒkɪŋ]— чулок
stop [stɒp] — останавливать(ся); table [ˈteɪbl] — стол
остановка tablecloth [ˈteɪblklɒθ] — скатерть
stormy [ˈstɔ:mi] — штормовой tactful [ˈtæktfəl] — тактичный
story [ˈstɔ:ri] — история tag-question [ˈtæɡ ˌkwesʧən] — раздели-
straight [streɪt] — прямой; прямо тельный вопрос
strange [streɪnʤ] — странный tail [teɪl] — хвост
street [stri:t] — улица tailor [ˈteɪlə] — портной
strong [strɒŋ] — сильный take [teɪk] (took, taken) — брать, взять
student [ˈstju:dnt] — ученик, студент to take part — участвовать
study [ˈstʌdi] — изучать to take place — происходить, иметь
stupid [ˈstju:pɪd] — глупый место
subject [ˈsʌbʤɪkt] — (учебный) предмет to take care of — заботиться о
success [səkˈses] — успех to take off — снимать (об одежде)
such [sʌʧ] — такой to take out — выносить, убирать
suddenly [ˈsʌdnli] — вдруг talent [ˈtælənt] — талант
suggest [səˈʤest] — предлагать, tale [teɪl] — рассказ, сказка
советовать talk [tɔ:k] — разговаривать; разговор
suggestion [səˈʤesʧən] — предложение, talkative [ˈtɔ:kətɪv] — разговорчивый
совет tall [tɔ:l] — высокий
summary [ˈsʌməri] — краткое изложение task [tɑ:sk] — задание
summer [ˈsʌmə]— лето; летний taste [teɪst] — пробовать на вкус; вкус
sun [sʌn]— солнце tasty [ˈteɪsti] — вкусный
sunbathe [ˈsʌnbeɪð] — загорать taxi [ˈtæksi] — такси
Sunday [ˈsʌndeɪ] — воскресенье tea [ti:] — чай
sunlight [ˈsʌnlaɪt] — солнечный свет tea break [ˈti: breɪk] — перерыв на чай
sunny [ˈsʌni] — солнечный teach [ti:ʧ] (taught, taught) — учить
sunshine [ˈsʌnʃaɪn] — солнечный свет кого-либо, обучать
superlative [sʊˈpɜ:lətɪv] — превосходный teacher [ˈti:ʧə] — учитель
(о степени сравнения) team [ti:m] — команда
sure [ʃʊə] — уверенный technology [tekˈnɒləʤi] — технология
surname [ˈsɜ:neɪm] — фамилия teeth [ti:θ] — зубы
surprise [səˈpraɪz] — удивление telephone [ˈtelɪfəʊn] — телефон
swan [swɒn] — лебедь television [ˈteləˌvɪʒən] — телевидение
sweep [swi:p] (swept, swept) — подметать tell [tel] (told, told) — рассказывать,
sweet [swi:t] — конфета; сладкий сказать кому-то что-то
to have a sweet tooth — быть слад- temperature [ˈtemprəʧə] — температура
коежкой ten [ten] — десять
swim [swɪm] (swam, swum) — плавать tennis [ˈtenɪs] — теннис
swimmer [ˈswɪmə] — пловец tense [tens] — грамматическое время
switch [swɪʧ] — переключать; term [tɜ:m] — учебный семестр, четверть
переключение terribly [ˈterəbli] — ужасно
to switch on [swɪʧ ˈɒn] — включать terrier [ˈteriə]— терьер (порода собак)
(свет, телевизор) terrifying [ˈterɪfaɪɪŋ] — ужасающий
to switch off [swɪʧ ˈɒf] — выключать test [test] — тест
(свет, телевизор) text [tekst] — текст
symbol [ˈsɪmbl] — символ textbook [ˈtekstbʊk] — учебник
196
Vocabulary

than [ðæn] — чем too [tu:] — тоже, также, слишком, очень


thank [θæŋk] — благодарить tooth [tu:θ] (мн. ч. teeth) — зуб
that [ðæt] — тот, та, то top [tɒp] — верх
the [ði:] — определённый артикль topic [ˈtɒpɪk] — тема, предмет обсуждения
theatre [ˈθɪətə]— театр tour [tʊə] — тур
their [ðeə] — их (чей?) tourist [ˈtʊərɪst] — турист
them [ðem] — им, их (кого?) tower [ˈtaʊə] — башня
themselves [ðəmˈselvz] — (они) сами town [taʊn] — город (небольшой)
then [ðen] — потом, затем toy [tɔɪ] — игрушка
theory [ˈθɪəri] — теория tradition [trəˈdɪʃn] — традиция
there [ðeə] — там, туда traditional [trəˈdɪʃnəl] — традиционный
these [ði:z] — эти train [treɪn] — поезд
they [ðeɪ] — они trainer [ˈtreɪnə] — тренер
thin [θɪn] — тонкий trait [treɪ] — черта (характера)
thing [θɪŋ] — вещь translate [trænsˈleɪt] — переводить
think [θɪŋk] (thought, thought) — думать translation [trænsˈleɪʃn] — перевод
think over [ˌθɪŋk ˈəʊvə] — обдумать travel [ˈtrævl] — путешествовать, ехать;
third [θɜ:d] — третий путешествие
thirteenth [ˌθɜ:ˈti:nθ] — тринадцатый travelling [ˈtrævlɪŋ] — путешествие
this [ðɪs]— этот traveller [ˈtrævlə] — путешественник
those [ðəʊz] — те treat [tri:t] — лечить
though [ðəʊ] — хотя, несмотря на tree [tri:] — дерево
thousand [ˈθaʊznd] — тысяча trip [trɪp] — путешествие, поездка
three [θri:] — три trousers [ˈtraʊzəz] — брюки
throat [θrəʊt] — горло true [tru:] — верный
through [θru:] — через, сквозь truth [tru:θ] — правда
Thursday [ˈθɜ:zdeɪ] — четверг try [traɪ] — пытаться
ticket [ˈtɪkɪt] — билет T-shirt [ˈti:ʃɜ:t] — футболка
tiger [ˈtaɪɡə] — тигр Tuesday [ˈtju:zdeɪ] — вторник
till [tɪl] — до, до тех пор пока turkey [ˈtɜ:ki] — индейка
time [taɪm] — время; раз turn [tɜ:n] — поворачивать; очередь,
in time — вовремя поворот
how many times — сколько раз TV [ˌti:ˈvi:] — телевизор
timetable [ˈtaɪmˌteɪbl] — расписание twelve [twelv] — двенадцать
tin [tɪn] — консервная банка twenty [ˈtwenti] — двадцать
tired [ˈtaɪəd]— усталый twice [twaɪs] — дважды
to be tired of— устать от two [tu:] — два
title [ˈtaɪtl] — заголовок, название type [taɪp] — тип
to [tu:] — к (предлог) typical [ˈtɪpɪkl] — типичный
today [təˈdeɪ] — сегодня
together [təˈɡeðə] — вместе
U
toilet [ˈtɔɪlət] — туалет
tolerant [ˈtɒlərənt] — терпимый UK (the) [ˌju: ˈkeɪ] — Соединённое
tomorrow [təˈmɒrəʊ] — завтра Королевство
ton [tʌn]— тонна umbrella [ʌmˈbrelə] — зонт
tone [təʊn]— тон uncle [ˈʌŋkl] — дядя
tongue [tʌŋ] — язык uncomfortable [ʌnˈkʌmftəbl] — неудобный
tonight [təˈnaɪt] — сегодня вечером under [ˈʌndə] — под
197
Vocabulary

underground [ˌʌndəˈɡraʊnd] — метро viewer [ˈvju:ə] —зритель


underline [ˌʌndəˈlaɪn] — подчеркивать village [ˈvɪlɪʤ] — деревня
understand [ˌʌndəˈstænd] (understood, violin [ˌvaɪəˈlɪn] — скрипка
understood) — понимать visit [ˈvɪzɪt] — посещать; посещение
understanding [ˌʌndəˈstændɪŋ] — visitor [ˈvɪzɪtə] — посетитель
понимающий vocabulary [vəʊˈkæbjʊləri] — словарь
unforgettable [ˌʌnfəˈɡetəbl] — voice [vɔɪs] — голос
незабываемый volleyball [ˈvɒlibɔ:l]— волейбол
unfriendly [ʌnˈfrendli] — недружелюбный, voyage [ˈvɔɪɪʤ] — морское путешествие
неприветливый
unhappy [ʌnˈhæpi] — несчастливый,
W
несчастный
uniform [ˈju:nɪfɔ:m] — форма wag [wæɡ] — махать; взмах
unit [ˈju:nɪt] — раздел wait [weɪt] — ждать
university [ˌju:nɪˈvɜ:səti] — университет waiter [ˈweɪtə] — официант
unknown [ˌʌnˈnəʊn] — неизвестный walk [wɔ:k] — гулять, ходить пешком;
unlike [ˌʌnˈlaɪk] — непохожий на прогулка
unlucky [ʌnˈlʌki] — неудачливый wall [wɔ:l] — стена
unpleasant [ʌnˈpleznt]— неприятный, want [wɒnt]— хотеть
отталкивающий warm [wɔ:m]— тёплый; тепло
unreal [ʌnˈrɪəl] — ненастоящий, was [wɒz] (past simple от be ед. ч.) — был,
поддельный была, было
untidy [ʌnˈtaɪdi] — неопрятный, wash [wɒʃ] — мыть, мыться, умываться,
неаккуратный стирать
until [ənˈtɪl] — до wash up [wɒʃ ˈʌp] — мыть посуду
unusual [ʌnˈju:ʒuəl] — необычный Washington [ˈwɒʃɪŋtən] — Вашингтон
unwell [ʌnˈwel] — нездоровый waste [weɪst] — терять; потеря
unzip [ˌʌnˈzɪp] — расстегнуть молнию watch [wɒʧ] — смотреть, наблюдать,
up [ʌp] — вверх, вверху следить
us [ʌs]— нам, нас water [ˈwɔ:tə] — поливать; вода
USA (the) [ˌju: es ˈeɪ]— США wax [wæks]— воск
(Соединённые Штаты Америки) way [weɪ] — путь
use [ju:z] — использовать, применять we [wi:] — мы
useful [ˈju:sfl] — полезный weak [wi:k] — слабый
usual [ˈju:ʒuəl]— обычный wear [weə] (wore, worn) — носить
usually [ˈju:ʒuəli] — обычно (одежду)
weather [ˈweðə] — погода
website [ˈwebsaɪt] — вебсайт
V
Wednesday [ˈwenzdeɪ] — среда
vegetable [ˈveʤtəbl] — овощ week [wi:k] — неделя
verb [vɜ:b]— глагол weekend [ˌwi:kˈend] — уикенд (время
very [ˈveri] — очень отдыха с пятницы или субботы до
vest [vest] — жилет понедельника)
veterinarian [ˌvetərɪˈneəriən] (vet) — welcome [ˈwelkəm] — приветствовать
ветеринар well [wel] — хорошо
victory [ˈvɪktəri] — победа well-known [ˌwel ˈnəʊn] — известный
video [ˈvɪdiəʊ] — видео were [wɜ:] (past simple от to be мн. ч.) —
view [vju:] — вид были

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west [west] — запад wooden [ˈwʊdn] — деревянный
western [ˈwestən] — западный word [wɜ:d] — слово
wet [wet] — сырой work [wɜ:k]— работать; работа
what [wɒt] — что, какой workbook [ˈwɜ:kbʊk]— рабочая тетрадь
wheel [wi:l] — колесо world [wɜ:ld] — мир
when [wen] — когда all over the world — во всём мире
where [weə] — где, куда world-famous [ˌwɜ:ldˈfeɪməs] — всемирно
wherever [weərˈevə] — где бы ни, известный
куда бы ни worse [wɜ:s] — хуже
whether [ˈweðə] — частица ли worship [ˈwɜ:ʃɪp] — боготворить
which [wɪʧ] — который, какой worst [wɜ:st] — самый плохой,
while [waɪl] — пока, в то время как наихудший
white [waɪt] — белый worth [wɜ:θ] — сто́ящий
who [hu:] — кто to be worth doing smth — стоит того,
whole [həʊl] — целый чтобы что-либо сделать
whom [hu:m] — кого, кому и т. д. would [wʊd] — модальный глагол
whose [hu:z] — чей Would you like ...? — Вам хотелось
why [waɪ] — почему бы ...?
wide [waɪd] — широкий write [raɪt] (wrote, written) — писать
wife [waɪf] (мн. ч. wives) — жена writer [ˈraɪtə] — писатель
wild [waɪld] — дикий wrong [rɒŋ] — неверный; неверно
will [wɪl] — вспомогательный глагол,
служит для образования будущего Y
времени
win [wɪn] (won, won) — выигрывать yard [jɑ:d] — двор
window [ˈwɪndəʊ] — окно year [jɪə] — год
windy [ˈwɪndi] — ветреный; ветрено yellow [ˈjeləʊ] — жёлтый
wing [wɪŋ] — крыло yes [jes] — да
winter [ˈwɪntə] — зима yesterday [ˈjestədeɪ] — вчера
wise [waɪz] — мудрый yet [jet] — ещё
wish [wɪʃ] — желать; желание youghurt [ˈjɒɡət] — йогурт
with [wɪð] — с you [ju:] — ты, вы, тебе, вам, тебя, вас
within [wɪðˈɪn] — внутри young [jʌŋ] — молодой
without [wɪðˈaʊt] — без your [jɔ:] — твой, ваш
wizard [ˈwɪzəd] — волшебник yourself [jɔ:ˈself] — (ты) сам
wolf [wʊlf] (мн. ч. wolves) — волк yourselves [jɔ:ˈselvz] — (вы) сами
woman [ˈwʊmən] (мн. ч. women) — youth [ju:θ] — молодёжь; молодёжный
женщина
wonder [ˈwʌndə] — удивление, чудо Z
wonderful [ˈwʌndəfl] — чудесный
zoo [zu:] — зоопарк
wonderland [ˈwʌndəlænd] — страна чудес
zoological [ˌzəʊəˈlɒʤɪkl] — зоологический
wood [wʊd] — небольшой лес, роща

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