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Ministry of Education

Minusinsk Pedagogical College

English Grammar

Adverb

A self- study reference and practice


book for students

With tests

T. N. Kaufmann

Minusinsk 2007

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Печатается по решению научно- методического отдела колледжа

Составитель: Т.Н. Кауфманн, преподаватель английского языка


специальность 050303 Иностранный язык

Рецензент: кандидат филологических наук,


заведующая кафедрой иностранных языков и методики преподавания ХГУ
им. Н.Ф. Катанова
Ангелина Васильевна Безрукова.

Английская грамматика

наречие

Данное пособие предназначено для студентов 1 курса педагогического колледжа,


обучающихся по специальности «050303 – Иностранный язык», по дисциплине
«Практическая грамматика английского языка». В пособие включены теоретический
материал, а также практические задания, которые позволяют студенту не только развивать
грамматический навык в классе, работая в сотрудничестве с преподавателем, но и
работать самостоятельно, постоянно осуществляя самоконтроль, более того, в книгу
включён тест, который поможет студентам увидеть и осознать собственный прогресс /
регресс по изучению темы, что заложит основы формирования навыков рефлексии.
Пособием могут воспользоваться студенты 2 и 3 курсов с целью повторения данного
материала. Пособие составлено в соответствии с требованиями программы по
дисциплине.

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CONTENTS
Grammar guide
Accuracy practice
Practice activities
Test

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Grammar guide
1. Fill in this chart.

Question Answer
1. What part of speech do adjectives
describe?
2. Do adjectives have different forms in
plural and singular?
3. How can adjectives be used in a sentence?
4. What do adjectives express?
5. What is the order of adjectives in a
sentence?

2. Adverb is a word denoting circumstances or characteristics which modify an


action, state or quality.
3. MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS

SIMPLE WELL, SOON, NOW

DERIVED COMPOUND
ADVERBS
craftily (хитро), they are formed by 2 stems:
forward (внерёд), sometimes, somewhere,
likewise (также) downstairs

COMPOSITE consist of 2 or more word forms:


a little bit, far enough, now and then

4. SEMANTIC CHARACTERISTICS
-ADVEBS OF MANNER say HOW something happens.

COMPARE
ADJECTIVES OF MANNER ADVERBS OF MANNER

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An adjective tells us more about a noun An adverb of manner tells us more about a
verb
She’s a beautiful singer. She sings beautifully.
He’s a slow worker. He works slowly.

- ADVEBS OF PLACE say WHERE something happens.


Example: here, in the park.

- ADVEBS OF TIME say WHEN something happens.


Example: now, yesterday.

- ADVEBS OF FREQUENCY say HOW OFTEN something happens.


Example: always, normally, usually, frequently,often, sometimes,
occasionally, rarely, seldom, hardly ever, never, ever.

- ADVEBS OF PROBABILITY say HOW SURE we are about something.


Example: certainly, definitely, obviously, probably.

- ADVEBS OF DEGREE say HOW MUCH something happens.


Example: fairly, quite, rather / pretty, very.
Compare:
Quite is a little stronger than fairly. e.g. I’m fairly tired, but I don’t think I’ll go to bed.-
I’m quite tired, I think I’ll go to bed now.

Rather / pretty are stronger than quite. Rather / pretty mean “more than is usual”, “more
than is wanted”, “more than is expected”. e.g. The TV is rather /pretty loud. Shall I turn it
down? We ‘re rather / pretty late. We’d better hurry.

5. COMPARISON: ADVERBS
Most adverbs form the comparative with MORE and the superlatives with MOST.
beautifully more beautifully most beautifully
carefully more carefully most carefully

One- syllable adverbs add –ER in the comparative and –EST in the superlative.
fast faster fastest
hard harder hardest

Some adverbs have irregular comparatives and superlatives.


well better best
badly worse worst
far farther/ further farthest/ furthest

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Making comparisons using adverbs

We use the same structures when we make comparisons using adverbs or adjectives:

comparatives
Example: You should drive more carefully.
They arrived later than I’d expected.

comparative + and + comparative


Example: It snowed more and more heavily as the day went on.

the + comparative clause, the + comparative clause


Example:The sooner we leave, the earlier we’ll arrive.

superlatives
Example: She runs the fastest of all the girls.

as … as
Example: I’m working as fast as I can.

6. ORDER OF ADVERBS
- Adverbs of manner, place, and time normally go after the direct object.
direct object + adverb

Example: I read the letter carefully.


We saw Maria in the park.

- If there is no direct object, the adverb normally goes after the verb.
verb + adverb

Example: She drove carefully.


He lives here.

- If there is more than one adverb, the usual order is:


manner + place + time

Example: I slept very well last night. (manner + time)


He lives here now. (place + time)
We worked hard at school yesterday. (manner + place + time)

- Note that an adverb does not normally go between a verb and its direct
object.
verb + direct object + adverb

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Example: I like Maria very much.
He drank his coffee quickly.
We played tennis yesterday.

- Some of adverbs of manner, place, time, frequency can also go at the


beginning of a clause. Adverbs of frequency can also go at the end of a
clause. Adverbs of definite frequency DAILY, WEEKLY, ONCE A WEEK normally
go at the end of a clause. Such adverbs of probability as PERHAPS, MAYBE
normally go at the beginning of a clause. YET normally goes at the end of a
clause. We can also use already at the end of a clause foe emphasis. Any more,
any longer, no longer. These adverbs go at the end of a clause.

Example: Slowly, he started to walk away.


In London, we went to the zoo.
Tomorrow, I have to go to the doctor’s.
Sometimes I walk to work.
Do you see your parents often?
They watch TV every evening.
The post is delivered here twice daily.
Perhaps I’ll see you later.
Maybe you’re right.
“Have you passed your driving test yet?” “No, not yet.”
I’ve seen the film already.
Have you finished already?
Annie doesn’t live here any more.
My father is not a young man any longer.

- Such adverbs as usually, never, always, probably, certainly, still, already,


just, almost, only normally go before a full verb. We use STILL before a
full verb.
adverb + verb

Example: They usually watch TV in the evenings.


I never eat sweets.
He probably knows what to do.
My brother is 18, but still behaves like a child.

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- Usually, never, always, probably, certainly, still, already, just, almost, only normally go after
the verb BE or an AUXILIARYy verb. We use STILL after an AUXILIARY
verb or after BE. We normally use ALREADY before a full verb, or after BE or
an AUXILIARY verb. Normally any more, any longer, no longer go before a FULL
verb, or after BE or an AUXILIARY verb.

be + adverb

Example: They’re usually in bed by 11.30.


He’s probably at home now.
We’re still here.
“Has Andrew woken up?” “No, he is still asleep.”
I can still remember the first time we met.
You don’t need to tell Ken the news; he already knows.
“What time is Sue going to be here?” “She’s already here.”
Annie no longer lives here. She moved last year.
My father is no longer a young man.

auxiliary verb + adverb

Example: I’ve never eaten Chinese food.


We’ll probably be late this evening.

- When there is more than one auxiliary verb the adverb normally goes
after the first auxiliary.

Example:These curtains have never been cleaned.


Ken has probably been working all day.

- In negative sentences, adverbs of probability go before the negative:

Example: We probably won’t be here tomorrow.

- Still, yet
We also use STILL after the subject in negative sentences.

Example: The received the bill a month ago and they still haven’t
paid it.
I’ve known Mike for years, but I still don’t understand
him.

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We use YET only in questions and negative sentences.

Example: Have you had your results yet?


I wrote to her a week ago, but she hasn’t answered my
letter yet.

- The adverbs FAIRLY, QUITE, RATHER,PRETTY, TOO, ENOUGH modify


adjectives or other adverbs. They normally go before the adjective or
adverb which they modify .QUITE can also modify verbs. We also use TOO
MANY, TOO MUCH and ENOUGH before nouns or alone.

Example: The film was quite good. (adverb + adjective)


I know her fairly well. (adverb + adverb)
The animal was quite dead. (adverb + adjective)
I quite understand. (adverb + verb)
I don’t think I’ll go out tonight. I’m too tired.
Are you warm enough, or do you want me to switch on the
heating?
We aren’t working quickly enough. We’d better hurry.
I bought too many eggs.
There’s too much salt in this soup.
We haven’t got enough eggs.
There’s enough salt in the soup.
We need some more eggs. We haven’t got enough.

We use QUITE before A/AN, but FAIRLY and PRETTY after A. RATHER is used
before or after A/AN.

Example: He is quite a young man. It was quite an interesting film.


He is a fairly young man. It was a pretty interesting film.
It was rather an interesting film. It was a rather
interesting film.

QUITE and RATHER can also modify verbs; they go before a full verb, but after
an auxiliary verb.

Example: She quite enjoyed the film.


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I’d rather like driving at night.
He is quite enjoying himself.

RATHERcan be used before comparatives.


Example: rather colder, rather more expensive.

- After TOO and ENOUGH we can use FOR + OBJECT.

Example: This jacket is too small for me.


The flat isn’t really big enough for all of us.

- After TOO and ENOUGH we can use the TO INFINITIVE.

Example: It’s too early to have dinner.


He isn’t old enough to drive a car.

- We can also use the structure TOO/ ENOUGH + FOR + OBJECT +TO INFINITIVE.

Example: It’s too early for us to have dinner.


This jacket isn’t large enough for me to wear.

- We can modify too (but not enough) with much, a lot, far, a little, a bit,
rather.

Example: much too heavy, far too cold, a bit too fast

- SO and SUCH
We use such before a noun, with or without an adjective.

Example: She’s such a nice woman.


Don’t be such a fool!

We use so before an adjective alone, without a noun, also with an adverb.

Example: She’s so nice!


Don’t be so foolish!
He works so slowly.

We can use so with many and much.

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Example: There were so many people on the train.
I have got so much to do today.

We can use such before a lot of.

Example: There were such a lot of people on the train.


I have got such a lot to do today.

After so and such, we can use a that- clause to express result.

Example: The table was so heavy that I couldn’t move it.

7. Some adverbs have the same form as adjectives.


Learn them!
Best, better, big, cheap, clean, clear, close, cold, daily, dead, dear, deep, direct,
dirty, early, easy, extra, far, fast, fine, free, further, hard, high, hourly, inside,
kindly, last, late, long, loud, low, monthly, past, quick, quiet, right, slow, straight,
sure, thin, thick, tight, weekly, well, wide, wrong, yearly etc.

Not all words ending in –ly are adverbs. Some adjectives also end in –ly eg
friendly, lovely, lonely, silly, ugly. These adjectives have no adverb forms;
instead we have different structures eg in a … way.

Example: She smiled in a friendly way.

GOOD/WELL
Good is an adjective. Well is an adverb.

Example: Your English is good. You speak English well.

But well is also an adjective with the meaning “in good health”.

Example: “How are you today?” “I’m very well, thanks”.

8. Adverbs with two forms and differences in meaning.


deep = a long way down full = exactly; very
deeply = greatly fully = completely
direct = by the shortest route hard = intently; with effort
directly = immediately hardly = scarcely (едва)
easy = gently and slowly high = at / to a high level
free = without cost highly = very much
freely = willingly last = after all others
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late = not early lastly = finally
lately = recently near = close
pretty = fairly nearly = almost
prettily = in a pretty way short = suddenly
sure = certainly shortly = soon
surely = without a doubt wide = off-target
wrong = incorrectly widely = to a large extent
wrongly = unjustly (wrongly goes before verbs)

9. Fill in this chart.


Questions Answers
What parts of speech do adverbs describe?
What do adverbs tell us about?

A. Accuracy practice
1. Complete the sentences with adverbs. The first letter(s) of each adverb
are given.
 We didn’t go out because it was raining H________.
 Our team lost the game because we played very BA_____.
 I had little difficulty finding a place to live. I found a flat quite EA_____.
 We had to wait for a long time but we didn’t complain. We waited PA_____.
 Nobody new George was coming to see us. He arrived UNEX_____.
 Mike keeps fit by playing tennis RE_____.
2. Answer the questions.
 How do you usually feel before an interview? (nervous/nervously)
 How do you usually walk when you are tired? (slow/slowly)
 How do you feel when you get good news? (happy/happily)
 What kind of a driver are you? (careful/carefully)
 How do you usually study before an exam? (hard/hardly)
 What kind of a dancer are you? (wonderful/wonderfully)
 How should you pick up a baby? (careful/carefully)
 What is your English like? (good/well)

3. Complete the sentences by putting the parts in brackets in the order:


object + manner + place + time.
 Sue can play _____ (now / very well / the piano)
 I posted _____ (early this morning / in the town centre / your letters)
 The children have been playing _____ (this afternoon / in the park / football)
 It snowed _____ (yesterday evening / heavily / in the north of Scotland)
 They studied _____ (carefully / later on in the day / the map)
 He walked _____ (out of the room / at the end of the meeting / angrily)
 She played _____ (at the concert / last night? beautifully / the guitar)

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4. Put the adverb in brackets into the correct place (with the verb).
 They’ve been trying to contact us. (probably)
 She went to the meeting last week. (probably)
 They take their summer holidays in May. (normally)
 Have you lived in a foreign country? (ever)
 I’ve eaten Indian food. (never)
 Do you live in the same flat? (still)
 He wants to borrow the money. (only)
 I won’t see Martin again until next weekend. (probably)
 We’ve finished painting the outside of the house. (almost)
 I try to go jogging at least three times a week. (always)
 We haven’t got any time to lose. (certainly)
 I can lend you some money until next week. (certainly)
 He’s complaining about something. (always)
 I don’t watch this TV programme. (usually)

5. Complete the sentences using still, yet, already.


 When we arrived at the cinema, the film had _____ started.
 Paul has been looking for a job for ages, but he _____ hasn’t found one ____.
 Do you _____ drive the same car or have you sold it?
 Have you had your exam results, or are you _____ waiting for them?
 She only started the book yesterday, but she’s finished it _____.
 “They started the job ages ago. Haven’t they finished it _____?” “No, not
_____ .”

6. Put the word in brackets in the correct place in the sentence.


 You needn’t clean the kitchen; I’ve done it. (already)
 You don’t need to tell me: I know what to do. (already)
 Haven’t you received your invitation to the party? (yet)
 I can’t decide what to do this evening. (still)
 I can remember the first time I flew in a plane. (still)
 Robert works for the same company in London. (still)

7. Put the correct word in brackets in the correct place in the sentence.
 Sue works for the same company in London. (any longer / no longer)
 My brother isn’t a young child. (any more / no longer)
 Her father is unemployed. (any longer / no longer)
 There is a large ship-building industry in retain. (any more / no longer)

8. Put the adverbs in the correct place in the sentences.


 I’ve seen that programme on TV. (never)
 He’s late for appointments. (hardly ever)
 They go to the cinema nowadays. (rarely)
 Is he bad-tempered? (often)
 They listen to the radio. (every morning)
 I’m at home before 8 o’clock. (seldom)
 Have you had a really serious illness? (ever)
 I’ll forget our holiday together. (never)
 She’s been interested in music. (always)
 I brush my teeth. (always / three times a day)

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9. Put the adverbs in the correct place in the sentence.
 Simon is at Sarah’s house at the moment. (probably)
 There will be an election early next year. (probably)
 We’ll play tennis later this afternoon. (perhaps)
 They enjoyed the film very much. (obviously)
 You should go and see the doctor. (definitely)
 I don’t want to be home late tonight. (definitely)
 Computers are becoming more and more important in our lives. (certainly)
 The bridge has been repaired by now. (probably)

10. Complete each sentence using the correct word in brackets.


 I’ve made _____ a stupid mistake. (pretty / rather)
 She _____ enjoys working at night. (fairly / quite)
 It was a _____ boring football match. (pretty / rather)
 I’m _____ looking forward to the party on Saturday. (pretty / quite)
 The weather was _____ worse than we/d expected. (quite / rather)
 My grandfather was _____ an amazing man. (quite / fairly)
 Maria speaks English _____ well, doesn’t she? (quite / pretty)
 I’m feeling _____ better today. (fairly / rather)

11. Complete the sentences using the most suitable expression in the box. Use each
expression only once.
quite useless quite sure quite impossible quite original quite different
 He is not at all like his sister: they’re _____
 This clock keeps on breaking down. It’s _____ really.
 I like your idea. It’s really _____: I’ve never heard anything like it before.
 “What are you going to do this evening?” “I’m not _____”
 We can’t finish the job by tomorrow. It’s _____

12. Complete each sentence using TOO or ENOUGH and an adjective or adverb in
the box.
warm dark early quietly loud
 We couldn’t see what was in the room because it was _____ .
 I couldn’t hear everything she said because she spoke _____ .
 They missed their plane because they didn’t leave home _____ .
 He told them the music was _____ so they turned it down.
 We didn’t go to the beach yesterday because the weather wasn’t _____ .

13. Complete the sentences using TOO MUCH, TOO MANY, ENOUGH.
 I’d like to go to the cinema, but I haven’t got _____ money.
 I can’t drink this soup. It’s got _____ salt in it.
 Doctors say that _____ sugar is bad for you.
 We didn’t really enjoy the party; there were far _____ people there.
 We couldn’t make an omelette because we didn’t have _____ eggs.

14. Complete these sentences using ENOUGH with one of the following
adjectives or nouns.
adjectives: big warm well

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nouns: cups milk money qualifications room time
 I’d like to buy a car but I haven’t got _____
 Have you got _____ in your tea or would you like some more?
 Are you _____? Or shall I switch on the heating?
 It’s only a small car. There isn’t _____ for all of you.
 Steve didn’t feel _____ to go to work this morning.
 I didn’t answer all the questions in the exam. I didn’t have _____
 Do you think I’ ve got _____ to apply for the job?
 Try this jacket on and see if it’s _____ for you.
 There weren’t _____ for everybody to have coffee at the same time.

15. Complete the answers to the questions. Use TOO or ENOUGH with the word in
brackets.
 I need to talk to you about  (busy) Well, I’m afraid I’m _____ to
something. you now.
 Let’s go to the cinema.  (late) No, it’s _____ to the cinema.
 Why don’t we sit in the garden?  (warm) It’s not _____ in the garden.
 Would you like to be a politician?  (nice) No, I’m _____a politician.
 Do you want to play tennis today?  (energy) No, I haven’t got _____
tennis today.
 Did you hear what he was saying?  (far away) No, we were _____ what
he was saying.
 Can he read a newspaper in English?  (English) No, he doesn’t know _____
a newspaper.
16. Make one sentence from two. Complete the new sentence using
TOO or ENOUGH.
 I can’t drink this coffee. It’s too hot. This coffee is _____
 Nobody could move the piano. It was too heavy. The piano _____
 I don’t wear this coat in winter. It isn’t warm enough. This coat _____
 I can’t explain the situation. It is too complicated. The situation _____
 Three people can’t sit on this sofa. It isn’t wide enough. This sofa _____
 We couldn’t climb over the wall. It was too high. The wall _____
 You can’t see some things without a microscope. They are too small. Some
_____

17. Complete the sentences using SO or SUCH.


 She’s _____ shy. She always gets very nervous when she meets people.
 You shouldn’t eat _____ quickly: you’ll give yourself indigestion.
 It’s _____ an interesting town; there really is _____ much to do there.
 I was _____ disappointed I failed my driving test.
 He felt _____ tired that he decided not to go out.
 It was _____ a hot day that they had to open all the windows.
 I’ve made _____ many mistakes in this letter, I think I’ll type it again.
 He had _____ a lot of luggage that we couldn’t get it all into the car.

18. Put in SO, SUCH, SUCH A.


 I was surprised that he looked _____ well after his recent illness.
 Everything is _____ expensive these days, isn’t it?
 The weather is lovely, isn’t it? I didn’t expect it to be _____ nice day.
 I have to go. I didn’t realize it was _____ late.He always looks good. He
wears _____ nice clothes.

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 It was _____ boring film that I fell asleep while I was watching it.
 I couldn’t believe the news. It was _____ shock.
 I think she works too hard. She looks _____ tired all the time.
 The food at the hotel was _____ awful. I’ve never eaten _____ awful food.
 They’ve got _____ much money, they don’t know what to do with it.
 I didn’t realize you lived _____ long way from the city centre.
 I can’t decide what to do. It’s _____ problem.

19. Make one sentence from two. Use SO or SUCH.


 I was tired.  You could hear it from miles away.
 We had a good time on holiday.  You would think it was her native
 She speaks English well. language.
 I’ve got a lot of things to do.  We spent the whole day indoors.
 The music was loud.  I couldn’t keep my eyes open.
 I had a big breakfast.  I didn’t eat anything else for the rest
 It was horrible weather. of the day.
 I don’t know where to begin.
 We didn’t want to come home.

20. Complete the sentences using the correct form of the words in
brackets. Add THAN, THE, or AS where necessary.
 She always arrives at work much _____ anyone else. (early)
 The children are behaving far _____ they normally do. (badly)
 Of all the animals in the world, which one lives _____ ? (long)
 Our new central heating system works a lot _____ our old one did.
(efficiently)
 He doesn’t speak French as _____ his sister. (fluently)
 The car went _____ and _____ down the hill. (fast)
 They normally play much _____ they did last night. (well)
 Andrew is studying a lot _____ usual now that his exams are getting closer.
(hard)

21. Choose two words (one from each box) to complete each sentence.
 I thought the restaurant would be expensive but it was _____.
 George’s mother is _____ in hospital.
 What a big house! It’s _____.
 It wasn’t a serious accident. The car was only _____.
 The children are normally very lively but they’re _____ today.
 When I returned home after 20 years, everything had _____.
 The film was _____. It couldn’t have been much shorter.
 A lot went wrong during our holiday because it was _____.

absolutely unusually badly seriously unnecessarily completely slightly

changed damaged enormous ill long planned quiet

22. Put in GOOD or WELL.


 Your exam results were very _____.
 You did very _____ in your exams.
 The weather was very _____ while we were on holiday.

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 I didn’t sleep very _____ last night.
 How are you? Are you ____?
 George speaks German very _____
 George’s German is very _____
 Our new business is going very _____ at the moment.
 I like your jacket. It looks _____ on you.
 I’ve met her a few times but I don’t know her very _____

23. Complete these sentences using WELL + one of the following


words:
 I’m surprised you haven’t heard of her. She is quite _____
 Our neighbours’ garden is neat and tidy. It is very _____
 You should eat different types of food. Your diet should be _____
 Ann knows a lot about many things. She is quite _____
 His clothes are always smart. He is always _____
 Jill has a lot of responsibility in her job but she isn’t very _____
 Congratulations on passing your examinations. _____

balanced done dressed informed kept known paid


24. Write sentences with HARDLY. Use of the following verbs (in the
correct form):
change hear recognize say sleep speak
 You are speaking very quietly. I can _____ you.
 I’m very tired this morning. I _____ last night.
 We were so shocked when we heard the news, we could _____
 Kate was very quiet this evening. She _____ a word.
 You look the same now as you looked 15 years ago. You’ve _____
 I met Keith a few days ago. I hadn’t seen him for a long time and he looks
very different now. I _____ him.

25. Finish the sentences using AS … AS, THE MORE … THE –ER, or
THE MORE … THE MORE/LESS.
 John and Mary are equally good guitarists. John plays the guitar ________
 If your salary goes up, the amount you pay in tax also goes up. The more your
salary goes up, ________
 You cannot say that one of them is cleverer than the other. They get the same
exam results. They are ________
 If you do a lot of work now, you will feel happier about the examination. The
more work you do now, ________
 If a lot of people help now, we will have less to do later. The more people help
now, ________

26. Choose one word from each box to make an adverbial of place which completes
the sentence.
on (3 times) in outside

the corner the door the top shelf the left the fridge

 Put the milk _____ to keep it cold.


 You can leave those tins of food _____ of the cupboard.

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 Can you get us both a meal from the take-away _____?
 Go down this corridor to the last door _____. That’s the bathroom.
 Could you stand your bike up _____, please?

27. Complete the text using these adverbs of manner.


honestly, deliberately, miserably, happily, quietly, excitedly, carelessly
He ran up to us on the beach 1 _____, out of breath, his eyes wild. He was obviously
bringing some bad news. A big lorry had crashed into our house and had done a lot of
damage. Richard kept saying that the driver had not done it 2 _____, as if that helped
us at all. It seems that the lorry had been parked 3 _____ at the top of the hill. and some
children had taken the handbrake off. We sat there 4 _____, our holiday ruined and
both of us close to tears. Then Richard calmed down. “I’m doing all I can, “ he said 5
_____. “I’ve told you 6 _____ that there is a lot of damage but I’ll do what I can to
help.” I started to feel sorry for myself. Our first holiday for years and Janice and I had
been sitting on the beach so 7_____ before Richard appeared.

Activities
1 Dinner with the famous
Work on your own. You have decided to invite a lot of famous people to a
party. Write down the names of the five famous people you would most like to
invite.

Work in pairs or small groups. Persuade your partner to invite the people on
your list, not the people on your partner’s list, by comparing the people on the
two lists. Use as many comparative and superlative adjectives and adverbs as
you naturally can.

Example: Woody Allen is far more interesting than Queen Elizabeth.

Work as a class. List sentences comparing the people that the class used and
try to think of more ways of comparing the people. Decide, as a class, which
five people in the world you would most like to invite for dinner.

2. You can put your sleeping bag on the sofa


Work as a class. Make sure you understand this situation.

At the end of a holiday A cannot get home. (Why? Bad weather? A strike?)
An old friend , B, lives in the town where A spent her holiday, so A decided
to visit B.
A arrives at B’s flat unexpectedly with two big cases, a rucksack and a
sleeping bag. (What is in the cases, and the rucksack?)
A wants to stay with B for a while.

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Work in pairs. You are both A Make as many questions as you can about where
you can sleep, and where you can put all the things you have brought with you,
Each question must have an adverb or adverbial of place in it.

Example: Can I put my clothes in your cupboard, please?

Now you are both B. Make as many sentences as you can telling A where
everything is that A might need, and making any necessary arrangements for
A’s stay. Each sentencemust have ab adverb or adverbial of place in it.

Example: There’s a big washing machine for all the flats in the basement. You
can put your sleeping bag on the sofa.

3. David and Goliath


Work in groups. Look at one of the groups of adjectives and adverbs below
and put as many as possible into the story of David and Goliath. You can
change the story as much as you want to add new words and sentences if you
like. Make sure that you know the vocabulary below before you start.

Vocabulary: shepherd, stone, harp, palace, army, enemy, battle, sword


Group 1: enormous, completely, extremely, real, fairly
Group 2: totally, enormously, really, slightly, quite
Group 3: absolutely, very, complete, total, pretty

David and Goliath


David was a shepherd. He used to sit in the sunshine watching the sheep,
throwing stones or playing his harp. People came up the mountain to listen to
him playing. David even played for King Saul, at the king’s palace. David’s
music made the king forget, for a while, that the army of his old enemies, the
Philistines, was coming from the north. David had three brothers in King
Saul’s army. One day he went to take them some food. King Saul’s army was
facing the Philistines, waiting for the battle. Then a huge man, a Philistine,
stepped forward. His mane was Goliath. He asked for someone from King
Saul’s army to come out and fight him. David said that he wanted to fight
Goliath. Little David walked towards the Philistine army wearing only his
long shirt and carrying his shepherd’s stick. As he walked he picked up a
stone. Goliath and the Philistine army laughed at him. David threw the stone
at Goliath. It hit him on the head and he fell. David ran forward, took
Goliath’s own sword and killed him. The Philistine army turned and ran.
King Saul’s army had won.

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Work as a class. Read your version of the story to the whole class. Listen to
other people’s versions of the story. Could any more words or different words
from the groups be put in?

4. Adverb game
Work in pairs, A and B. You need one piece of paper between the two of you.
 Person A: Write the first part of a sentence putting in someone’s name,
a verb and an adverb of manner.

Example:(Name) was (verb) (adverb of manner) along the street when he/she …

Fold the paper so B cannot see what you wrote and pass it to B.
 Person B: Write this part of a sentence putting in someone’s name, an
adverb of manner and an adverb phrase of place.

Example: saw (name) going (adverb of manner) into a shop (adverb phrase of
place).

Fold the paper so A cannot see what you wrote and pass it to A.
 Person A: Write this sentence putting in an adverb of frequency.
Example: Do you (adverb of frequency) go in there?

Fold the paper and pass it to B.


 Person B: Write this sentence putting in a sentence adverb, an adverb
of frequency and a noun.
Example: (Sentence adverb) I (adverb of frequency) go in there to buy my
(noun).

Open the paper out and change the story, if you need to, until it makes
sense.

Read the story out to the class.

TEST

1.Which of these are not adverbs?


badly, beautiful, yesterday, table, here, fast, everywhere, sat
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2. Which of these are adverbs of manner, which are adverbs of time and
which are adverbs of place?
yet, anywhere, recently, nastily, fast, eventually, upstairs

3.Put in the most appropriate comparative or superlative adjective or adverb.


 She’s only been doing the job for a month. Of all the staff she has _____
experience.
 That was a terrible meal. I think it was one of _____ meals I’ve ever eaten.
 We have been walking for an hour already. It’s _____ I thought to the next
village.
 I have to start work _____ you do. You don’t start until eight but sometimes
I start before seven in the morning.
 He’s so noisy. It’s a lot _____ when he isn’t here.

4. Complete the sentences using one of the words in brackets.


 Goliath was an _____ man. (enormous, enormously)
 This is his first piano lesson. He’s an _____ beginner. (absolute, absolutely)
 Julie plays the guitar _____ well. (extreme, extremely)
 I _____ like talking to you. (very, really, extremely)
 Rebecca speaks Italian _____ fluently, but she makes a lot of mistakes with
the grammar. (real, quite, total)
 Didn’t you like the film? I _____ enjoyed it. (fairly, quite, pretty)
 Robin paints _____ marvelously. (total, really, absolute)
 We got on _____ well, as soon as we met. (completely, slightly, extremely)
 There was _____ no need to tell Jane such bad news at this time. (absolutely,
absolute, very)
 I think reading this book was a _____ waste of time. (pretty, totally, total)
 He plays football _____ well, but he’s not good enough for the club team.
(totally, fairly, absolutely)
 Young Tom is _____ clever at working out difficult problems.(real,
absolutely, quite)

5. Rewrite each sentence beginning with the words given.


 Ursula is a very quick learner. Ursula learns _____ .
 Richard can cook really well. Richard is a _____ .
 Your behaviour was extremely foolish. You behaved _____.
 The hotel staff treated us in a very friendly manner. The hotel staff were
_____.
 I don’t think that’s a practical suggestion. That suggestion doesn’t sound
_____.
 Philippa is usually a hard worker. Philippa usually works _____.
 Have the children been good today? Have the children behaved _____.
 I wish you could swim fast. I wish you were _____.

6. Choose the correct form from each pair of words.

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Dear Natasha,
Well, here I am in England. Thank you for your 1 kind/kindly letter.
You ask me what it’s like here. I must say, it’s pretty 2 good/well.The language school is
very 3 efficient/efficiently organized. On the first morning we had to do a test, which I
found rather 4 hard/hardly. However I got a 5 surprising/surprisingly good mark, so I am
in the second class. I didn’t talk much at first, because I couldn’t think of the words 6
quick/quickly enough,but 7 late/lately I’ve become much more 8 fluent/fluently. I’m
studying with a family who live 9 near/nearly the school. They are 10 pleasant/pleasantly,
although I don’t see much of them because I’m always so 11 busy/busily with my friends
from school. I was surprised how 12 easy/easily I made new friends here. They come from
13 different/ differently parts of the world and we have some 14 absolute/absolutely
fascinating discussions. I do hope you will be able to join me here next term. I’m sure we’d
have 15 good/well fun together.
All the best,
Misha
P.S. Aren’t you impressed at how 16 accurate/accurately my English is now?!

7. Find the mistakes and correct them. If there is no mistake, write RIGHT.
 “Please get a move on!” shouted Trevor impatient. __________
 I believe she is a very lonely woman. __________
 I didn’t like this plan, which seemed unnecessary complicated to me. __________
 I’m sure you could win the match if you tried hardly. __________
 I have an awful headache, so could you please be quite. __________
 Soraya’s only been in France a year, but she speaks perfectly English. __________
 The reason Bruce gets so tired is that he has an exceptional demanding job.
__________
 My mother was very ill last year, but she’s good enough to go on holiday now.
__________
 David ran as fast as he could but he still arrived late. __________
 In spite of the fact that Jean always says she’s short of money, I happen to know she
actually has a very good-paid job. __________

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BIBLIOGRAPHY:
1. Beaumont, D., Granger, C. English Grammar. Heinemann, 2004.
2. Dean, M. English Grammar Lessons. O.U.P., 2004.
3. Dooley, J., Evans, V. Grammarway 3. Express Publishing, 2004.
4. Dooley, J., Evans, V. Grammarway 4. Express Publishing, 2004.
5. Murphy, R. English Grammar in Use. C.U.P., 2001.
6. Hashemi, L. with Murphy, R. English Grammar in Use Supplementary
Exercises. C.U.P.,2003.

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