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Е.Ю.

Першина

АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК
ДЛЯ НАЧИНАЮЩИХ

Учебное пособие

2-е издание, стереотипное

Москва
Издательство «Флинта»
2012
УДК 802.0(07)
ББК 81.2Англ-9
П279

Першина Е.Ю.
П279 Английский язык для начинающих [Электронный ресурс] :
учеб. пособие / Е.Ю. Першина. – 2-е изд., стер. – М. : Флинта,
2012. – 86 с.

ISBN 978-5-9765-1383-9

Данное учебное пособие включает в себя вводно-фонетический курс,


грамматические основы изучаемого языка, лексические основы чтения
текста на английском языке. Пособие способствует формированию, разви-
тию и закреплению фонетических, грамматических и лексических умений
и навыков в изучении английского языка.
Пособие предназначено для студентов и слушателей заочной формы
обучения с использованием дистанционных образовательных технологий.

УДК 802.0(07)
ББК 81.2Англ-9

ISBN 978-5-9765-1383-9 © Издательство «Флинта», 2012


3

ȼȼȿȾȿɇɂȿ

ȼ Ƚɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɵ ɩɨ ɢɧɨɫɬɪɚɧɧɵɦ ɹɡɵɤɚɦ ɞɥɹ


ɜɭɡɨɜɧɟɹɡɵɤɨɜɵɯɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɫɬɟɣɜɤɥɸɱɟɧɵɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ
 ȼɥɚɞɟɧɢɟ ɢɧɨɫɬɪɚɧɧɵɦ ɹɡɵɤɨɦ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɨɛɹɡɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɦ ɤɨɦɩɨɧɟɧɬɨɦ
ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɣɩɨɞɝɨɬɨɜɤɢɫɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɝɨɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɢɫɬɚɥɸɛɨɝɨɩɪɨɮɢɥɹ
 ȼɭɡɨɜɫɤɢɣ ɤɭɪɫ ɢɧɨɫɬɪɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɹɡɵɤɚ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɨɞɧɢɦ ɢɡ ɡɜɟɧɶɟɜ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ
©ɲɤɨɥɚ– ɜɭɡ – ɩɨɫɥɟɜɭɡɨɜɫɤɨɟɨɛɭɱɟɧɢɟ ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɟɤɜɚɥɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢɫɚɦɨɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ
ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ªɢɤɚɤɬɚɤɨɜɨɣɩɪɨɞɨɥɠɚɟɬɲɤɨɥɶɧɵɣɤɭɪɫ
ȼɭɡɨɜɫɤɢɣɤɭɪɫɢɧɨɫɬɪɚɧɧɨɝɨɹɡɵɤɚɧɨɫɢɬ ɤɨɦɦɭɧɢɤɚɬɢɜɧɨ-ɨɪɢɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɣ
ɢ ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨ-ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɵɣ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪ ȿɝɨ ɡɚɞɚɱɢ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɸɬɫɹ
ɤɨɦɦɭɧɢɤɚɬɢɜɧɵɦɢ ɢ ɩɨɡɧɚɜɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɦɢ ɩɨɬɪɟɛɧɨɫɬɹɦɢ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɢɫɬɨɜ
ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɟɝɨɩɪɨɮɢɥɹɐɟɥɶɤɭɪɫɚ– ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɟɧɢɟɫɬɭɞɟɧɬɚɦɢɤɨɦɦɭɧɢɤɚɬɢɜɧɨɣ
ɤɨɦɩɟɬɟɧɰɢɢ ɭɪɨɜɟɧɶ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɣ ɧɚ ɨɬɞɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɷɬɚɩɚɯ ɹɡɵɤɨɜɨɣ ɩɨɞɝɨɬɨɜɤɢ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɟɬ
ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶ ɢɧɨɫɬɪɚɧɧɵɣ ɹɡɵɤ ɩɪɚɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɤɚɤ ɜ ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɣ
ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɢ ɧɚɭɱɧɨɣ  ɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ ɬɚɤ ɢ ɞɥɹ ɰɟɥɟɣ ɫɚɦɨɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɉɨɞ
ɤɨɦɦɭɧɢɤɚɬɢɜɧɨɣ ɤɨɦɩɟɬɟɧɰɢɟɣ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɟɬɫɹ ɭɦɟɧɢɟ ɫɨɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɶ ɹɡɵɤɨɜɵɟ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚ ɫ
ɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɵɦɢ ɫɮɟɪɚɦɢ ɫɢɬɭɚɰɢɹɦɢ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɦɢ ɢ ɡɚɞɚɱɚɦɢ ɨɛɳɟɧɢɹ ɋɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ
ɹɡɵɤɨɜɨɣ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɤɚɤ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɨ ɪɟɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɪɟɱɟɜɨɝɨ ɨɛɳɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɢ
ɟɝɨɨɬɛɨɪɟɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɟɬɫɹɮɭɧɤɰɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨ-ɤɨɦɦɭɧɢɤɚɬɢɜɧɵɣɩɨɞɯɨɞ
 ɇɚɪɹɞɭ ɫ ɩɪɚɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɰɟɥɶɸ – ɨɛɭɱɟɧɢɟɦ ɨɛɳɟɧɢɸ ɤɭɪɫ ɢɧɨɫɬɪɚɧɧɨɝɨ
ɹɡɵɤɚɜɧɟɹɡɵɤɨɜɨɦɜɭɡɟɫɬɚɜɢɬɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɟɢɜɨɫɩɢɬɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɟɰɟɥɢȾɨɫɬɢɠɟɧɢɟ
ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɰɟɥɟɣ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɚɫɩɟɤɬɟ ɝɭɦɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɢ ɝɭɦɚɧɢɬɚɪɢɡɚɰɢɢ
ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹɢɨɡɧɚɱɚɟɬɪɚɫɲɢɪɟɧɢɟɤɪɭɝɨɡɨɪɚɫɬɭɞɟɧɬɨɜɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɟɢɯ
ɨɛɳɟɣɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɵɢɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹɚɬɚɤɠɟɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɵɦɵɲɥɟɧɢɹɨɛɳɟɧɢɹɢɪɟɱɢ
ȼ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɫɨɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɦ ɡɚɤɚɡɨɦ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɚ ɢ ɩɟɪɟɱɢɫɥɟɧɧɵɦɢ
ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɦɢɰɟɥɢɨɛɭɱɟɧɢɹɢɧɨɫɬɪɚɧɧɨɦɭɹɡɵɤɭɜɜɭɡɚɯɧɟɹɡɵɤɨɜɵɯɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɫɬɟɣ
ɫɮɨɪɦɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɵ ɤɚɤ ɤɨɧɟɱɧɵɟ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɤ ɤɚɠɞɨɦɭ ɢɡ ɬɪɟɯ ɭɪɨɜɧɟɣ ɩɨɞɝɨɬɨɜɤɢ I
ɭɪɨɜɟɧɶ– ɫɬɭɞɟɧɬɫɧɟɩɨɥɧɵɦɜɵɫɲɢɦɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɦII ɭɪɨɜɟɧɶ– ɛɚɤɚɥɚɜɪIII ɭɪɨɜɟɧɶ
– ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɢɫɬɫɩɨɥɧɵɦɜɵɫɲɢɦɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɦɦɚɝɢɫɬɪ
Ɍɚɤɢɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɟ ɨɛɭɱɟɧɢɹ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɤɚɤ ɧɟɤɚɹ ɦɨɞɟɥɶ
ɟɫɬɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɨɛɳɟɧɢɹ ɭɱɚɫɬɧɢɤɢ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɝɨ ɨɛɥɚɞɚɸɬ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɦɢ ɢɧɨɹɡɵɱɧɵɦɢ
ɧɚɜɵɤɚɦɢɢɭɦɟɧɢɹɦɢɚɬɚɤɠɟɫɩɨɫɨɛɧɨɫɬɶɸɫɨɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɶɹɡɵɤɨɜɵɟɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚɫɧɨɪɦɚɦɢ
ɪɟɱɟɜɨɝɨɩɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɹɤɨɬɨɪɵɯɩɪɢɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɸɬɫɹɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɢɹɡɵɤɚ

ɋɌɊɍɄɌɍɊȺɍɑȿȻɇɈȽɈɉɈɋɈȻɂə

Ⱦɚɧɧɨɟ ɭɱɟɛɧɨɟ ɩɨɫɨɛɢɟ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɨ ɞɥɹ ɫɬɭɞɟɧɬɨɜ, ɧɟ ɢɦɟɸɳɢɯ ɡɧɚɧɢɣ


ɭɦɟɧɢɣ ɢ ɧɚɜɵɤɨɜ ɮɨɧɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɝɪɚɦɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɢ ɥɟɤɫɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɨɫɧɨɜ ɚɧɝɥɢɣɫɤɨɝɨ
ɹɡɵɤɚɚɬɚɤɠɟɜɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɛɚɡɨɜɨɝɨɤɭɪɫɚɞɥɹɬɟɯɤɬɨɠɟɥɚɟɬɢɡɭɱɚɬɶɚɧɝɥɢɣɫɤɢɣɹɡɵɤɜ
ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɜɬɨɪɨɝɨɢɧɨɫɬɪɚɧɧɨɝɨɹɡɵɤɚ
ɍɱɟɛɧɨɟ ɩɨɫɨɛɢɟ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɟɬ ɤɭɪɫ ɮɨɧɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɨɫɧɨɜ ɚɧɝɥɢɣɫɤɨɝɨ ɹɡɵɤɚ
ɝɪɚɦɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɟɨɫɧɨɜɵɱɬɟɧɢɹɢɝɨɜɨɪɟɧɢɹɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɝɨɬɟɤɫɬɚɢɥɟɤɫɢɱɟɫɤɢɟɨɫɧɨɜɵ
ɱɬɟɧɢɹɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨ-ɨɪɢɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɝɨɬɟɤɫɬɚ
ɍɱɟɛɧɨɟ ɩɨɫɨɛɢɟ ɫɨɫɬɨɢɬ ɢɡ  ɚɭɞɢɬɨɪɧɵɯ ɩɪɚɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɭɪɨɤɨɜ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɸɳɢɯ
ɮɨɧɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɝɪɚɦɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɢ ɥɟɤɫɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɚɫɩɟɤɬɵ ɢ  ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɵɯ ɪɚɛɨɬ
ɪɚɫɫɱɢɬɚɧɧɵɯ ɧɚ ɡɚɤɪɟɩɥɟɧɢɟ ɢ ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɶ ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɟɧɧɵɯ ɧɚɜɵɤɨɜ ɢ ɭɦɟɧɢɣ
ɮɨɧɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯɢɥɟɤɫɢɤɨ-ɝɪɚɦɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɝɥɢɣɫɤɨɝɨɹɡɵɤɚ
4

ɌɊȿȻɈȼȺɇɂəɉɈȼɕɉɈɅɇȿɇɂɘɂɈɎɈɊɆɅȿɇɂɘ
ɄɈɇɌɊɈɅɖɇɕɏɊȺȻɈɌ

1. ɋɬɭɞɟɧɬ ɞɨɥɠɟɧ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɬɶ  ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɵɟ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɩɨ ɚɧɝɥɢɣɫɤɨɦɭ ɹɡɵɤɭ ɜ


ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɭɱɟɛɧɵɦ ɩɥɚɧɨɦ ɜɭɡɚ ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɵɟ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ʋ  ɢ  ɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɸɬɫɹ
ɫɬɭɞɟɧɬɚɦɢɧɚɩɟɪɜɨɦɤɭɪɫɟɚɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɵɟɪɚɛɨɬɵʋɢɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɧɚɜɬɨɪɨɦ
ɤɭɪɫɟ .
2. Ʉɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɵɟ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɬɶ ɜ ɩɢɫɶɦɟɧɧɨɦ ɜɢɞɟ ɜ ɬɟɬɪɚɞɢ ɇɚ
ɬɢɬɭɥɶɧɨɦɥɢɫɬɟɞɨɥɠɧɵɛɵɬɶɨɬɪɚɠɟɧɵɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟɞɚɧɧɵɟɮɚɦɢɥɢɹɢɦɹɨɬɱɟɫɬɜɨ
ɲɢɮɪɝɪɭɩɩɚɢɚɞɪɟɫɫɬɭɞɟɧɬɚɚɬɚɤɠɟɧɨɦɟɪɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɨɣɪɚɛɨɬɵ
3. Ʉɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɵɟ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɫɞɚɸɬɫɹ ɩɪɟɩɨɞɚɜɚɬɟɥɸ ɪɟɰɟɧɡɟɧɬɭ ɜ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɧɵɟ
ɫɪɨɤɢɞɥɹɩɪɨɜɟɪɤɢɢɪɟɰɟɧɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ

ɂɋɉɊȺȼɅȿɇɂȿɄɈɇɌɊɈɅɖɇɈɃɊȺȻɈɌɕɇȺɈɋɇɈȼȿɊȿɐȿɇɁɂɂ

1. ɉɪɢ ɩɨɥɭɱɟɧɢɢ ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɨɣ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɟɧɧɨɣ ɪɟɰɟɧɡɟɧɬɨɦ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ


ɜɧɢɦɚɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɩɪɨɱɢɬɚɬɶ ɪɟɰɟɧɡɢɸ ɨɡɧɚɤɨɦɢɬɶɫɹ ɫ ɡɚɦɟɱɚɧɢɹɦɢ ɪɟɰɟɧɡɟɧɬɚ ɢ
ɩɪɨɚɧɚɥɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɬɶɨɬɦɟɱɟɧɧɵɟɜɪɚɛɨɬɟɨɲɢɛɤɢ
2. Ɋɭɤɨɜɨɞɫɬɜɭɹɫɶ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɢɹɦɢ ɪɟɰɟɧɡɟɧɬɚ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɩɨɜɬɨɪɢɬɶ ɧɟɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨ
ɭɫɜɨɟɧɧɵɣ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥ Ɋɚɛɨɬɚ ɧɚɞ ɨɲɢɛɤɚɦɢ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɷɬɨɣ ɠɟ ɬɟɬɪɚɞɢ ɜ ɤɨɧɰɟ
ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɨɣ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɢɜɧɨɜɶ ɫɞɚɟɬɫɹ ɧɚ ɩɨɜɬɨɪɧɭɸ ɪɟɰɟɧɡɢɸ ɩɨɩɟɪɜɨɦɭ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɸ
ɪɟɰɟɧɡɟɧɬɚ

ɉɈȾȽɈɌɈȼɄȺɄ ɁȺɑȿɌɍ ɂ ɗɄɁȺɆȿɇɍ

ȼɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɟɩɨɞɝɨɬɨɜɤɢɤɡɚɱɟɬɭɢɷɤɡɚɦɟɧɭɪɟɤɨɦɟɧɞɭɟɬɫɹ
1. ɩɨɜɬɨɪɧɨ ɩɪɨɱɢɬɚɬɶ ɢ ɩɟɪɟɜɟɫɬɢ ɧɚɢɛɨɥɟɟ ɬɪɭɞɧɵɟ ɬɟɤɫɬɵ ɢɡ ɭɱɟɛɧɨɝɨ
ɩɨɫɨɛɢɹ;
2. ɩɪɨɫɦɨɬɪɟɬɶɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ ɢɡɚɞɚɧɢɹɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɵɯɪɚɛɨɬ;
3. ɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɬɶ ɜɵɛɨɪɨɱɧɨ ɨɬɞɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɭɩɪɚɠɧɟɧɢɹ ɢɡ ɭɱɟɛɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɫɨɛɢɹ ɞɥɹ
ɫɚɦɨɩɪɨɜɟɪɤɢ ɢ ɫɚɦɨɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɹ ɭɩɪɚɠɧɟɧɢɹ ɞɥɹ ɫɚɦɨɩɪɨɜɟɪɤɢ ɢ ɫɚɦɨɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɹ
ɨɬɦɟɱɟɧɵɜɭɪɨɤɚɯ*);
4. ɩɨɜɬɨɪɢɬɶɝɪɚɦɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɣɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɢɥɟɤɫɢɱɟɫɤɢɣɦɢɧɢɦɭɦ

ɌɊȿȻɈȼȺɇɂəɄ ɁȺɑȿɌɍɂɗɄɁȺɆȿɇɍ

Ʉ ɭɫɬɧɨɦɭ ɡɚɱɟɬɭ ɩɨ ɚɧɝɥɢɣɫɤɨɦɭ ɹɡɵɤɭ ɞɨɩɭɫɤɚɸɬɫɹ ɫɬɭɞɟɧɬɵ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɜɲɢɟ


ɜɫɟɭɫɬɧɵɟɢɩɢɫɶɦɟɧɧɵɟɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɩɨɥɭɱɢɜɲɢɟɡɚɱɟɬɩɨɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɵɦɪɚɛɨɬɚɦ.
Ʉ ɷɤɡɚɦɟɧɭ ɩɨ ɚɧɝɥɢɣɫɤɨɦɭ ɹɡɵɤɭ ɞɨɩɭɫɤɚɸɬɫɹ ɫɬɭɞɟɧɬɵ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɜɲɢɟ ɜɫɟ
ɭɫɬɧɵɟ ɢ ɩɢɫɶɦɟɧɧɵɟ ɡɚɞɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɩɨɥɭɱɢɜɲɢɟ ɡɚɱɟɬ ɡɚ ɩɪɟɞɵɞɭɳɢɣ ɤɭɪɫ ɨɛɭɱɟɧɢɹ ɢ
ɡɚɱɟɬɵ ɩɨɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɵɦɪɚɛɨɬɚɦ.
Ⱦɥɹɫɞɚɱɢɷɤɡɚɦɟɧɚɫɬɭɞɟɧɬɞɨɥɠɟɧ
1. ɭɦɟɬɶɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨɱɢɬɚɬɶɢɩɨɧɢɦɚɬɶɛɟɡɫɥɨɜɚɪɹɭɱɟɛɧɵɟɬɟɤɫɬɵɢɡɭɱɟɧɧɵɟ
ɜ ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟ ɞɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɩɟɪɢɨɞɚ ɨɛɭɱɟɧɢɹ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥ ɡɚɞɚɧɢɣ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɧɵɯ
ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɵɯɪɚɛɨɬ;
2. ɭɦɟɬɶ ɩɪɨɱɢɬɚɬɶ ɢ ɩɟɪɟɜɟɫɬɢ ɫ ɩɨɦɨɳɶɸ ɫɥɨɜɚɪɹ ɬɟɤɫɬ ɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɧɵɣ ɧɚ
ɩɪɨɣɞɟɧɧɨɦɥɟɤɫɢɱɟɫɤɨɦɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɟɇɨɪɦɚɱɬɟɧɢɹɢɩɟɪɟɜɨɞɚ– 1 ɩɟɱɚɬɧɵɯɡɧɚɤɨɜ
ɜɱɚɫɞɥɹɩɢɫɶɦɟɧɧɨɝɨɩɟɪɟɜɨɞɚɢɥɢ ɩɟɱɚɬɧɵɯɡɧɚɤɨɜ ɜɱɚɫ ɞɥɹɭɫɬɧɨɝɨɩɟɪɟɜɨɞɚ
5

ȼȼɈȾɇɈ-ɎɈɇȿɌɂɑȿɋɄɂɃɄɍɊɋ

1. ȺɇȽɅɂɃɋɄɂɃȺɅɎȺȼɂɌ

ɉɟɱɚɬɧɵɟ Ɋɭɤɨɩɢɫɧɵɟ ɇɚɡɜɚɧɢɟ ɉɟɱɚɬɧɵɟ Ɋɭɤɨɩɢɫɧɵɟ ɇɚɡɜɚɧɢɟ


ɛɭɤɜɵ ɛɭɤɜɵ ɛɭɤɜ ɛɭɤɜɵ ɛɭɤɜɵ ɛɭɤɜ
Aa Aa >HÕ@ Nn Nn [en]
Bb Bb [bi:] Oo Oo [ou]
Cc Cc [si:] Pp Pp [pi:]
Dd Dd [di:] Qq Qq [kju:]
Ee Ee [i:] Rr Rr [Į:]
Ff Ff [ef] Ss Ss [es]
Gg Gg [d i:] Tt Tt [ti:]
Hh Hh [HÕWǏ] Uu Uu [ju:]
Ii Ii [DÕ] Vv Vv [vi:]
Jj Jj [d HÕ] Ww Ww [d bl ju:]
Kk Kk [NHÕ] Xx Xx [eks]
Ll Ll [el] Yy Yy [ZDÕ]
Mm Mm [em] Zz Zz [zed]

2. ɈɋɇɈȼɇɕȿɉɊȺȼɂɅȺɑɌȿɇɂə

Ⱥɧɝɥɢɣɫɤɢɟɝɥɚɫɧɵɟɢɢɯɫɨɱɟɬɚɧɢɹ

ɋɥɨɝɢ ɍɞɚɪɧɵɟɫɥɨɝɢ
ɇɟɭɞɚɪɧɵɟ
ɝɥɚɫɧɚɹr+ ɫɥɨɝɢ
Ȼɭɤɜɵ ɨɬɤɪɵɬɵɣ ɡɚɤɪɵɬɵɣ ɝɥɚɫɧɚɹɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɚɹ
>HÕ@ [æ] ar+ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɚɹ [Į:] arĺ>ԥ@
A take glad ar+ɝɥɚɫɧɚɹ >İԥ@ similar
park, care
[ou] [฀] or+ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɚɹ=[฀:] orĺ>ԥ@
O no not or+ɝɥɚɫɧɚɹ=[฀:] doctor
port, more
[ju:] [ ] ur+ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɚɹ [ԥ@
U tune sun ur+ɝɥɚɫɧɚɹ=[juԥ@
burn, pure
[i:] [e] er+ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɚɹ [ԥ@ erĺ>ԥ@
E be let er+ɝɥɚɫɧɚɹ >Õԥ@ letter
her, here
>DÕ@ >Õ@ ir+ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɚɹ [ԥ@
I like it ir+ɝɥɚɫɧɚɹ >DÕԥ@
girl, tired
Y >DÕ@ >Õ@ yr+ɝɥɚɫɧɚɹ >DÕԥ@ yĺ>Õ@
my gym tyre very

Ⱥɧɝɥɢɣɫɤɢɟɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɵɟɢɢɯɫɨɱɟɬɚɧɢɹ

[s] ɩɟɪɟɞ e, i, y:
Ѭ cent, pencil, cycle ck ĺ>k]: black
1. ɋ ѭ [k] ɜɨɫɬɚɥɶɧɵɯɫɥɭɱɚɹɯ: cat, clear
6

[d ] ɩɟɪɟɞ e, i, y:
Ѭ gentle, gin, gym
2. G
ѭ [g@ɜɨɫɬɚɥɶɧɵɯɫɥɭɱɚɹɯ
garden, gate

[s@ɜɧɚɱɚɥɟɫɥɨɜɚɢɜɤɨɧɰɟɫɥɨɜɚɩɟɪɟɞɢɩɨɫɥɟɝɥɭɯɨɣ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨɣ
Ѭ send, blocks, desk
3. S ѭ
[z] ɩɨɫɥɟɝɥɚɫɧɨɣɢɡɜɨɧɤɨɣɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨɣɦɟɠɞɭɝɥɚɫɧɵɦɢ
please

ch ѭ
4. [tǏ] : chair, match
tch Ѭ

5. sh ĺ [Ǐ] : she

>ș@WKLFN
6. th ĺ
[ð] : this

7. ng ĺ [ƾ@WKLQJORQJ

ɋɨɱɟɬɚɧɢɟɝɥɚɫɧɵɯɢɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɵɯ

ee, ea ĺ [i:] : meet, tea


eer, ear ĺ >Õԥ] : deer, hear
ay,ai ĺ >HÕ@ : day, rain
air ĺ >İԥ@ : chair
a+ll, a+l+ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɚɹ ĺ [฀:] : wall, always
oo ĺ [u] (ɩɟɪɟɞ k, d) : book
ĺ [u:] : cool
oa ĺ [ou] : coat
oy, oi ĺ [฀Õ@ boy, oil
ou, ow ĺ [au] : out, brown
oor ĺ [uԥ] : poor
wor+ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɚɹ ĺ [ԥ:] : word
qu ĺ [kw] : quite

ɍɊɈɄ 1

Ɏɨɧɟɬɢɤɚ: Ɂɜɭɤɢ [t], [d], [l], [n], [e], [k], [s], [z], >Õ@ [p], [b], [m], >HÕ@ >DÕ@ [฀], [f],
[ou], [j], [ԥ@.
Ƚɪɚɦɦɚɬɢɤɚ ɉɪɨɫɬɨɟ ɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ ɫ ɝɥɚɝɨɥɨɦ to be ɭɬɜɟɪɞɢɬɟɥɶɧɚɹ
ɨɬɪɢɰɚɬɟɥɶɧɚɹɢɜɨɩɪɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɚɹɮɨɪɦɚ .
Ɍɟɤɫɬ An Office.
7

ɎɈɇȿɌɂɄȺ

ɍɩɪ1. ɉɪɨɢɡɧɟɫɢɬɟɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟɡɜɭɤɢɢɫɥɨɜɚ:

[t, d, l, n, e] [k, s, zÕ@ [p, b, m, eÕ] [aÕ@

et Õt meÕ PDÕ
let Õ] SHÕ EDÕ
tel SHÕO QDÕV
ten ÕWƍÕ]QƍW WHÕEO WDÕP
den ÕWV OHÕEO
det NÕG HÕW
VÕNV

[฀, f] [ou] [j] [ԥ@

n฀t sou jen ԥƍpen


l฀t lou jel ԥƍGHVN
st฀p nou jes ԥƍWHÕEO
f฀ks nout jet ԥƍWHOÕNV
ƍ฀IÕV ould ԥƍSHQVO
ƍRXQOÕ ԥƍOHWԥ
ԥQƍ฀fԥ

ɍɩɪ2. ɉɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɫɥɨɜɚɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨɩɪɚɜɢɥɚɦɱɬɟɧɢɹ

end, came, tin, line, fine, lot, box, nice, no, close, yes, dinner, pen, date, plate, ice, cable, cost,
stop, yet, elder, letter.

ȽɊȺɆɆȺɌɂɄȺ

ɉɪɨɫɬɨɟɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɫɝɥɚɝɨɥɨɦto be

A – ɧɟɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɣ ɚɪɬɢɤɥɶ ɇɟɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɣ ɚɪɬɢɤɥɶ ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɩɟɪɟɞ


ɢɫɱɢɫɥɹɟɦɵɦɢ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɦɢ ɜ ɟɞɢɧɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ ɤɨɝɞɚ ɪɟɱɶ ɢɞɟɬ ɨ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɟ
ɢɥɢ ɥɢɰɟ ɭɩɨɦɢɧɚɟɦɨɦ ɜɩɟɪɜɵɟ ɢɥɢ ɧɟɢɡɜɟɫɬɧɨɦ ɫɥɭɲɚɸɳɟɦɭ ɉɟɪɟɞ ɫɥɨɜɚɦɢ
ɧɚɱɢɧɚɸɳɢɦɢɫɹɫɝɥɚɫɧɨɣɛɭɤɜɵɧɟɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɣɚɪɬɢɤɥɶɢɦɟɟɬɮɨɪɦɭan (an offer).

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 1. It is a ѭpen. = It’s a ѭpen.

| a desk. | a desk.
| a telex. | a telex.
| a cable. | a cable.
It is | a pencil. It’s | a pencil.
| a letter. | a letter.
| an office. | an office.

My – ɩɪɢɬɹɠɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ ɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɟ ©ɦɨɣª ©ɦɨɹ», «ɦɨɟ», «ɦɨɢ» ɉɪɢ ɧɚɥɢɱɢɢ


ɩɪɢɬɹɠɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɹɚɪɬɢɤɥɶɩɟɪɟɞɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɦɧɟ ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɟɬɫɹ
8

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 2. It is ѭmy pen. = It’s ѭmy pen.

| desk. | desk.
| cable. | cable.
It is mɭ | telex. It’s my | telex.
| pencil. | pencil.
| letter. | letter.
| office. | office.

ȼɨɬɪɢɰɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɣɮɨɪɦɟɩɨɫɥɟɝɥɚɝɨɥɚto be ɫɬɨɢɬɱɚɫɬɢɰɚnot.

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 3. It is ѭnot a pen. = It’s ѭnot a pen.

| a desk. | a desk.
| a telex. | a telex.
It is not | a pencil. It’s not | a pencil.
| a letter. | a letter.
| an office. | an office.
| an offer. | an offer.

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ It is ѭnot my pen. = It’s ѭnot my pen.

| desk. | desk.
| cable. | cable.
It is not mɭ | telex. It’s not my | telex.
| pencil. | pencil.
| letter. | letter.
| office. | office.

ȼɜɨɩɪɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣɮɨɪɦɟɝɥɚɝɨɥto be ɫɬɚɜɢɬɶɫɹɩɟɪɟɞɩɨɞɥɟɠɚɳɢɦ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 5. Is it a Ѭpen? ĺ ѭYes, it ѭis.


ѭNo, it is ѭnot. = ѭNo, it ѭisn’t.
| a desk?
| a cable?
Is it | a table? Yes, it is.
| a letter? (No, it isn’t.)
| a pencil?
| an office?

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ Is it Ѭmy pen? ĺ ѭYes, it ѭis.


ѭNo, it ѭisn’t.
| desk?
| cable? Yes, it is.
Is it my | table? (No, it isn’t.)
| letter?
| pencil?
9

| office?
ɍɩɪ. 3. ɉɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɢɩɟɪɟɜɟɞɢɬɟɬɟɤɫɬɢ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹɧɨɜɵɟɫɥɨɜɚ.

Ɂɚɩɨɦɧɢɬɟɫɥɨɜɚ
1. it >Õt] - ɷɬɨ ɭɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɟɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɟ
2. to be [bi:] - ɛɵɬɶɧɚɯɨɞɢɬɶɫɹ
is >Õz] - ɟɫɬɶ ɥɢɱɧɚɹɮɨɪɦɚɝɥɚɝɨɥɚto be ɜ-ɦ
ɥɢɰɟɟɞɢɧɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨɱɢɫɥɚ 
3. a, an [ԥn] - ɧɟɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɣɚɪɬɢɤɥɶ
4. my [maÕ@ - ɦɨɣɦɨɹɦɨɟɦɨɢ
5. an office [ƍ฀fÕs] - ɨɮɢɫ, ɤɨɧɬɨɪɚ
6. a desk [desk] - ɩɢɫɶɦɟɧɧɵɣɫɬɨɥ
7. a letter [ƍletԥ@ - ɩɢɫɶɦɨ
8. an offer [ƍ฀fԥ@ - ɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ ɤɨɦɦɟɪɱɟɫɤɨɟ
9. a cable [keÕbl] - ɬɟɥɟɝɪɚɦɦɚ
10. a telex [ƍtelÕks] - ɬɟɥɟɤɫ
11. a pen [pen] - ɪɭɱɤɚ
12. a pencil [ƍSHQVO@ - ɤɚɪɚɧɞɚɲ
13. yes [jes] - ɞɚ
14. no [nou] - ɧɟɬ
15. not [n฀t] - ɧɟ
16. a table >WHÕEO@ - ɫɬɨɥ

TEXT
An office
It’s an ѭoffice. It’s ѭmy office.
It’s a ѭdesk. It’s ѭnot a table.
It’s a ѭpen. It’s ѭnot a pencil.
It’s a ѭletter. It’s an ѭoffer.
It’s a ѭcable. It’s ѭnot my cable.
It’s a ѭtelex. It’s ѭmy telex.

Bell: Is it a Ѭletter, Tom?


Tom: ѭYes, it ѭis.
Bell: Is it Ѭmy letter?
Tom: No, it ѭisn’t. It’s ѭmy letter. It’s an ѭoffer.
Bell: Is it Ѭmy telex?
Tom: ѭYes, Mr. Bell.
ɉɪɢɦɟɱɚɧɢɟ. Mr. [ƍPÕVWԥ@– ɫɨɤɪɚɳɟɧɧɚɹ ɮɨɪɦɚ ɨɬ Mister – ɝɨɫɩɨɞɢɧ, ɦɢɫɬɟɪ.

ȽɈȼɈɊɂɌȿɉɈ-ȺɇȽɅɂɃɋɄɂ

ɍɩɪ4. ɚ ɇɚɡɨɜɢɬɟɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟɫɥɨɜɚ:

a desk, a pen, a pencil, a table, a cable, a letter.


10

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ It’s a ѭdesk.

ɛ ɋɤɚɠɢɬɟɱɬɨɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɩɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɢɬɜɚɦ
Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ It’s ѭmy desk.

ɜ ɋɩɪɨɫɢɬɟɬɚɤɥɢɧɚɡɵɜɚɟɬɫɹɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɭɸɳɢɣɜɚɫɩɪɟɞɦɟɬ ɋɨɛɟɫɟɞɧɢɤ
ɞɚɟɬ ɭɬɜɟɪɞɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣɨɬɜɟɬ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ: – ƍIs it a Ѭdesk?


– ѭYes, it ѭis.

ɍɩɪ5. Ƚɨɜɨɪɹɳɢɣɧɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨɧɚɡɵɜɚɟɬɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɉɨɩɪɚɜɶɬɟɟɝɨ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ: – It’s a ѭpen.


– ѭNo, it is ѭnot a pen. It’s a ѭpencil.

1. It’s a letter. (a telex) 2. It’s a telex. (a cable) 3. It’s a table. (a desk) 4. It’s a pencil. (a pen)
5. It’s a cable. (a telex) 6. It’s a desk. (a table)

ɍɩɪ6. Ɂɚɞɚɣɬɟɜɨɩɪɨɫɵɧɚɤɨɬɨɪɵɟɦɨɠɧɨɞɚɬɶɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟɨɬɜɟɬɵ.

1. No, it is not a pen. 2. Yes, it is a telex. 3. No, it is not a letter. 4. Yes, it is a cable. 5. No, it
is not an offer. 6. Yes, it is an office.

ɍɊɈɄ 2

Ɏɨɧɟɬɢɤɚ: Ɂɜɭɤɢ [i:], [ ], [Į:], [æ], [u], [u:], [İԥ@>g], [h], [d ], [Ǐ], [r], [w], [ð].
Ƚɪɚɦɦɚɬɢɤɚ 1. Ɋɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɧɨɟɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɫɝɥɚɝɨɥɨɦto be.
2. Ɉɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɣɚɪɬɢɤɥɶ
3. ɋɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɟɜɨɩɪɨɫɵɫɝɥɚɝɨɥɨɦto be.
Ɍɟɤɫɬ: In the Office.

ɎɈɇȿɌɂɄȺ

ɍɩɪ1. ɉɪɨɢɡɧɟɫɢɬɟ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟɡɜɭɤɢɚɡɚɬɟɦɫɥɨɜɚ:

[i:] >Õ– i:] [ ] >Į@ [ – Į@

i:t ÕW – i:t s Įt k t – NĮW


si:m IÕO – fi:l b t SĮN l k – OĮN
mi:n pÕW – pi:t m st VWĮW d k – GĮN
fi:l ƍO ndԥQ ƍNĮSÕW
pi:s ƍN mpԥQÕ

[æ] [e – æ] [u] [u:] [u – u:]

æn men – mæn kuk tu: luk – lu:p


mæn pen – pæn buk tu:l tuk – tu:l
lænd ten – tæn put ku:l kuk – ku:l
11

stænd tuk pu:l


fæks luk blu:
ƍI PÕOÕ
>İԥ@ [g] [h] [d ] [Ǐ]

Eİԥ get hi: d HÕ Ǐi:


Sİԥ g฀t KÕ] SHÕG Ǐou
Iİԥ gud help OĮG ƍIÕQÕǏ
Nİԥ gou houp ƍN฀WÕG mԥƍǏi:n
kԥPƍSİԥ gDÕG hu:z ƍP QÕG ԥ

[r] [w] [ð]

red wen ðÕs ðԥƍN฀ntrækt


ri:d w n ðæt ðԥƍWHOÕIRXQ
UDÕW w฀t ði:z ðԥƍP QÕG ԥ
rum Zİԥ ðouz ðÕƍ฀fԥ
ƍN฀ntrækt wumԥQ ZÕð ðÕƍ฀IÕV

ɍɩɪ2. ɉɪɨɢɡɧɟɫɢɬɟɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟɡɜɭɤɨɫɨɱɟɬɚɧɢɹ:

a) [Õzðԥ] b) [Õn ðԥ, ฀n ðԥ, ԥt ðԥ@


ƍÕ]èԥѭWHOÕNV ฀nðԥѭtԥÕbl
ƍÕzðԥѭkeÕEO Õnðԥ ѭdesk
ƍÕzðԥѭk฀ntrækt ԥWèԥѭdesk
ƍÕzðÕѭ฀fԥ ÕQðÕѭ฀IÕV
ƍÕzðÕѭ฀fÕs

ȼɫɥɨɜɚɯɨɤɚɧɱɢɜɚɸɳɢɯɫɹɧɚ -r ɢɥɢ -re, ɛɭɤɜɚ r ɱɢɬɚɟɬɫɹɬɨɥɶɤɨɜɬɟɯɫɥɭɱɚɹɯɟɫɥɢ


ɩɨɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟɫɥɨɜɨɧɚɱɢɧɚɟɬɫɹɫɝɥɚɫɧɨɣ

c) the letter is [ðԥѭletԥUÕ]@


the offer is [ðԥѭ฀fԥUÕ]@

ɍɩɪ3. ɉɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟɫɥɨɜɚɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨɩɪɚɜɢɥɚɦɱɬɟɧɢɹ:

meet, speak, cup, pump, card, start, fair, large, actor, bad, can, fact, food, book, soon, good,
garden, shelf, sheep, ship, just, jam, hot, dry, well, wet, way, with, bathe, pair, read.

ȽɊȺɆɆȺɌɂɄȺ

1. Ɋɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɧɨɟɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɫɝɥɚɝɨɥɨɦto be

ɍɩɪ. 4. Ɍɪɟɧɢɪɭɣɬɟ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ.

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 1. It’s a ѭpen. It’s a ѭgood pen.

| a pencil. | pencil.
| a desk. | desk.
12

It’s | a table. It’s a good | table.


| an offer. | offer.
| an office. | office.
Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ It’s a ѭpen. It’s ѭnot a good pen.

| a pencil. | pencil.
| a desk. | desk.
It’s | a table. It’s not a good | table.
| an offer. | offer.
| an office. | office.

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ Is it a Ѭgood pen? ĺ ѭYes, it ѭis.


ѭNo, it ѭisn’t.

| pencil?
| offer?
Is it a good | table? Yes, it is.
| desk? (No, it isn’t.)
| office?

2. Ɉɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɣɚɪɬɢɤɥɶ

Ɉɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɣ ɚɪɬɢɤɥɶ the ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɩɟɪɟɞ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɦ ɤɚɤ ɜ


ɟɞɢɧɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɦɬɚɤɢɜɨɦɧɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɦɱɢɫɥɟɤɨɝɞɚɪɟɱɶɢɞɟɬɨɛɭɠɟɢɡɜɟɫɬɧɵɯɥɢɰɚɯ
ɢɥɢɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɚɯ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 4. It’s a ѭpen. The pen is ѭgood.

| a pencil. | pencil |
| a table. | table |
It’s | a desk. The | desk | is good.
| an office. | office |
| an offer. | offer |

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 5. It’s a ѭpen. The pen is ѭnot good

| a pencil. | pencil |
| a table. | table |
It’s | a desk. The | desk | is not good.
| an office. | office |
| a cable. | cable |

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 6. – Is the pen Ѭgood? – ѭYes, it ѭis.


– ѭNo, it ѭisn’t.

| pencil | |
| offer | |
13

Is the | desk | good? | Yes, it is.


| office | | (No, it isn’t.)
| table | |
Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 7. – Is the pen on the Ѭdesk? – ѭYes, it ѭis.
– ѭNo, it ѭisn’t.

| pencil | |
| offer | |
Is the | telex | on the desk? | Yes, it is.
| cable | | (No, it isn’t.)
| letter | |

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 8. – Is Mr. Bell (Nancy) in ѬLondon? – ѭYes, he (she) ѭis.


– ѭNo, he (she) ѭisn’t.

| | | Yes, | he | is.
| | in London? | | she |
Is | Tom | in the office? |–––––––––––––––
| Kate | at the desk? | No, | he | isn’t.
| | | | she |

3. ɋɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɵ ɫ ɝɥɚɝɨɥɨɦ to be

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 9. – ѭWhat’s it? – It’s a ѭpen.

| a pencil.
| a letter.
What’s it? It’s | a cable.
| an offer.
| a telephone.

ȼɜɨɩɪɨɫɚɯɧɚɱɢɧɚɸɳɢɯɫɹɫwhereɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟɤɚɤɜɟɞɢɧɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɦɬɚɤɢɜɨ
ɦɧɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɦɱɢɫɥɟɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɸɬɫɹɬɨɥɶɤɨɫɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɦɚɪɬɢɤɥɟɦ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 10. – ѭWhere is the pen? – It’s on (in) the ѭdesk.

| pencil? | | |
| letter? | | |
Where is the | cable? | It’s | on | the desk.
| offer? | | in |
| telephone? | | |

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 11. – Whose ѭpen is it? – It’s ѭmy pen.

| telex | | | | telex.
| desk | | | | desk.
Whose | table | is it? | It’s | my | table.
| office | | | his | office.
14

| telephone | | | | telephone.
| secretary | | | | secretary.

ɍɩɪɉɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɢɩɟɪɟɜɟɞɢɬɟɬɟɤɫɬɢɞɢɚɥɨɝɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹɧɨɜɵɟɫɥɨɜɚɢɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ

Ɂɚɩɨɦɧɢɬɟɫɥɨɜɚ
1. a company [ƍk mpԥnÕ@ - ɤɨɦɩɚɧɢɹɮɢɪɦɚ
2. a manager [ƍmænÕd ԥ@ - ɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɸɳɢɣɦɟɧɟɞɠɟɪ
3. his [hÕz] - ɟɝɨ ɩɪɢɬɹɠɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɟɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɟ
4. in >Õn] - ɜ ɩɪɟɞɥɨɝɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɚɸɳɢɣɦɟɫɬɨɧɚɯɨɠ-
in | the office ɞɟɧɢɟ)
| London
5. London [ƍl ndԥn] - Ʌɨɧɞɨɧ
6. the [ðԥ@ - ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɣɚɪɬɢɤɥɶ
7. large [OĮ:d ] - ɛɨɥɶɲɨɣ
8. at [æt, ԥt] - ɜ, ɡɚ, ɭ (ɩɪɟɞɥɨɝ, ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɚɸɳɢɣ
at the desk ɦɟɫɬɨɧɚɯɨɠɞɟɧɢɟ)
at (in) the office
9. he [hi:] - ɨɧ ɥɢɱɧɨɟɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɟɦɭɠɫɤɨɝɨɪɨɞɚ
ɞɥɹɨɞɭɲɟɜɥɟɧɧɵɯɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ
10. white [waÕt] - ɛɟɥɵɣ
11. a telephone [ƍtelÕfoun] - ɬɟɥɟɮɨɧ
12. on [฀n] - ɧɚ ɩɪɟɞɥɨɝɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɚɸɳɢɣɧɚɯɨɠɞɟɧɢɟ
ɧɚɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢɱɟɝɨ-ɥɢɛɨ
13. a secretary [ƍsekrԥtrÕ@ - ɫɟɤɪɟɬɚɪɶ
14. she [Ǐi:] - ɨɧɚ ɥɢɱɧɨɟɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɟɠɟɧɫɤɨɝɨɪɨɞɚ
ɞɥɹɨɞɭɲɟɜɥɟɧɧɵɯɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ
15. good [gud] - ɯɨɪɨɲɢɣ
16. nice [naÕs] - ɩɪɢɹɬɧɵɣ
17. a woman [ƍwumԥn] - ɠɟɧɳɢɧɚ
18. and [ænd, ԥnd] - ɢɚ
19. what [w฀t] - ɱɬɨ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟɫɥɨɜɨ
20. whose [hu:z] - ɱɟɣ, ɱɶɹ, ɱɶɟ
21. from [fr฀m, frԥP@ - ɨɬ
e.g. an offer from GML
22. where [Zİԥ@ - ɝɞɟ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟɫɥɨɜɨ
23. a contract [ƍN฀ntrækt] - ɤɨɧɬɪɚɤɬ
24. with >ZÕð] -ɫ
25. it >Õt] - ɨɧ, ɨɧɚ, ɨɧɨ (ɥɢɱɧɨɟ ɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɟ ɞɥɹ
ɧɟɨɞɭɲɟɜɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ)

TEXT
In the Office
It is Mr.ѭBell. He is the ƍcompany ѭmanager. It is his ƍoffice in ѭLondon. The ƍoffice
is ѭnot large. Mr. ƍBell is in the ѭoffice. He is at the ѭdesk. It is his ѭtelephone. It is ѭwhite.
The ƍtelephone is on the ѭdesk.
It is ѭNancy. Nancy is a ѭsecretary. She is a ƍgood Ѭsecretary and a ƍnice ѭwoman.
15

Bell: ѭWhat’s it, Nancy?


Nancy: It’s an ѭoffer, Mr. Bell.
Bell: ѭWhose offer is it?
Nancy: It’s an ƍoffer from Rus ѭexport.
Bell: And ƍwhere is the ƍcontract with ƍGƍMѭL?
Nancy : It’s on my ѭdesk.
ɉɪɢɦɟɱɚɧɢɟ: – GML [ƍG i:ƍHPƍHO@ – General Machines Limited – «Ⱦɠɟɧɟɪɚɥ ɦɚɲɢɧɡ Ʌɢɦɢɬɟɞ».

ȽɈȼɈɊɂɌȿ ɉɈ-ȺɇȽɅɂɃɋɄɂ

ɍɩɪ. 6. ɚ) ɇɚɡɨɜɢɬɟ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɵ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɫɥɨɜɚ (a desk, a pen, a table, a


cable, a telephone). Ɉɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɡɭɣɬɟ ɢɯ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɨ, ɫɤɚɠɢɬɟ, ɱɬɨ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɵ
ɩɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɚɬ ɜɚɦ.

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ: It’s a ѭdesk. It’s a ѭgood desk. It’s ѭmy desk.

ɛ ɇɚɡɨɜɢɬɟ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɵ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹ ɫɥɨɜɚ ɢɡ ɭɩɪɚɠɧɟɧɢɹ 6ɚ  Ɉɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɡɭɣɬɟ


ɢɯɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɨ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ: – It’s a ѭdesk. – The desk is ѭnice.

ɜ ɋɩɪɨɫɢɬɟɨɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɤɚɠɞɨɝɨɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɚɋɨɛɟɫɟɞɧɢɤɞɚɟɬ ɭɬɜɟɪɞɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ
ɨɬɜɟɬ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ – Is it a Ѭnice desk? – ѭYes, it ѭis.

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ – Is the desk Ѭgood? – ѭYes, it ѭis.

ɝ ɇɟɫɨɝɥɚɫɢɬɟɫɶɫɦɧɟɧɢɟɦɝɨɜɨɪɹɳɟɝɨɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɚɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɚ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ: – It’s a ѭgood desk. – ѭNo, the desk is ѭnot good.

ɍɩɪ. 7. ɉɨɛɟɫɟɞɭɣɬɟ ɫ ɞɪɭɝɨɦ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɢ-ɦɨɞɟɥɢ.


Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 1. – Is it a Ѭpen?
– ѭNo, it’s ѭnot a pen.
– ѭWhat is it?
– It’s a ѭpencil.

a letter (a telex); a desk (a table); a telex (a cable); a contract (an offer).

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 2. – Is the telex on the Ѭtable?


– ѭNo, it ѭisn’t.
– ѭWhere is it?
– It’s on the ѭdesk.
16

a letter, a contract, an offer, a telephone.

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 3. – It’s a ѭpen.


– ѭWhose pen is it?
– It’s ѭmy pen.
a telephone, a table, an office, a cable, a telex, a desk, a letter.

ɍɩɪ 8. ɚ Ɂɚɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɩɪɨɩɭɫɤɢɚɪɬɢɤɥɹɦɢ
ɛ Ɂɚɞɚɣɬɟɜɨɩɪɨɫɵɤɤɚɠɞɨɦɭɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɸ

It is Oleg Stepanov. He is … company manager. He is in … office. It is … desk. …


desk is large. It is … telephone. … telephone is on … desk. It is … offer from Green and Co.
It is … contract with GML.
ɉɪɢɦɟɱɚɧɢɟ: Green and Co – ɧɚɡɜɚɧɢɟ ɮɢɪɦɵ. Co – ɫɨɤɪɚɳɟɧɧɚɹ ɮɨɪɦɚ ɨɬ Company ɜɫɟɝɞɚ
ɱɢɬɚɟɬɫɹɩɨɥɧɨɫɬɶɸ

ɍɊɈɄ 3

Ɏɨɧɟɬɢɤɚ: Ɂɜɭɤɢ [฀@>Õԥ@>DX@>DXԥ@>Y@>WǏ], [ș], [ƾ@


Ƚɪɚɦɦɚɬɢɤɚ ɉɪɨɫɬɨɟɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɟɜɪɟɦɹɝɥɚɝɨɥɚto be.
Ɇɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɹthis, that.
Ɇɧɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɟɱɢɫɥɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ
ɉɨɜɟɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟɧɚɤɥɨɧɟɧɢɟ
Ɍɟɤɫɬ: Lavrov and Mr. Bell.

ɎɈɇȿɌɂɄȺ

ɍɩɪ1. ɚ ɉɪɨɢɡɧɟɫɢɬɟɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟɡɜɭɤɢ, ɚɡɚɬɟɦɫɥɨɜɚ:

[฀:] [฀ – ฀:] >Õԥ@ [au] [auԥ@ [v]

฀:l p฀t – p฀:t dÕԥ aut auԥ lÕv


฀:dԥ st฀p – st฀: KÕԥ hau pauԥ faÕv
ƍk฀:nԥ d฀t – ƍd฀:tԥ NOÕԥ braun tauԥ ƍverÕ
ƍd฀:tԥ ,end ÕƍQÕԥ wÕƍèaut flauԥ ƍvÕzÕt
w฀:l ƍvÕlÕd
sevn

[tǏ] [ș] [s – ș] [ƾ@ [n – ƾ@

tœi:z șÕk sÕn – șÕn l฀ƾ sÕn – sÕƾ


tœaÕld șÕn si:m – și:m j ƾ kÕn – kÕƾ
tœİԥ n฀:ș mÕs – mÕș brÕƾ t n–t ƾ
mætœ ti:ș șæƾN ƍm฀:nÕƾ
w฀tœ bĮ:ș ƍÕƾJO՜

ɛ ɉɪɨɢɡɧɟɫɢɬɟɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟɮɪɚɡɵ:
17

ƍèÕs Õz ԥѭpen ƍÕz ðÕs ԥ Ѭpen?


ƍèÕs Õz ԥ ѭtelÕks ƍÕz ðÕs ԥ ѬtelÕks?
ƍèÕs Õz ԥ ѭk฀ntrækt ƍÕz ðÕs ԥ Ѭk฀ntrækt?
ɍɩɪ. ɉɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟɫɥɨɜɚɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨɩɪɚɜɢɥɚɦɱɬɟɧɢɹ:

wall, dear, town, cheese, bench, bring, tower, corner, our, chair, thank, match, all, very, think,
five, north, deer, thin, near, now, long.

ȽɊȺɆɆȺɌɂɄȺ

ɉɪɨɫɬɨɟɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɟɜɪɟɦɹɝɥɚɝɨɥɚto be

ɍɬɜɟɪɞɢɬɟɥɶɧɚɹɮɨɪɦɚ

I am. = I’m [aÕm]. We are. = We’re >ZÕԥ@


You are. = You’re [juԥ]. You are. = You’re [juԥ@.
He is. = He’s >KÕ]@. They are. = They’re [ðeÕԥ@.
She is. = She’s [ǏÕ]@.
It is. = It’s >ÕWV@.

ɍɩɪ 3. ɋɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟ ɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɩɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟ ɢɯ.

I | |
The company manager | am |
The secretary | is | in the office.
Mr. Bell and Nancy | are |
They | |

Ɉɬɪɢɰɚɬɟɥɶɧɚɹɮɨɪɦɚ

,DPQRW ,¶PQRW>DÕPƍQ฀t]. We are not. = We aren’t.


You are not. = You aren’t [ju ƍĮQW@ You are not. = You aren’t.
+HLVQRW +HLVQ¶W>KÕƍÕ]QW@ They are not. = They aren’t.
She is not. = She isn’t.
It is not. = It isn’t.
ɍɩɪ4. ɋɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɢɩɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɢɯ

I | |
The company manager | am not |
The secretary | isn’t | in the office.
Mr. Bell and Nancy | aren’t |
They | |

ȼɨɩɪɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɚɹɮɨɪɦɚ

Am I ? you
Are you ? I
Is he ? he
Is she ? Yes, she are (aren’t).
Is it ? (No), it am (am not).
18

Are we ? we is (isn’t).
Are you ? they
Are they ?
ɍɩɪ5. ɋɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɜɨɩɪɨɫɵɢɨɬɜɟɬɶɬɟɧɚɧɢɯ
| you | |
| the company manager | |
Are | the secretary | in the office? | Yes, …
Is | Mr. Bell and Nancy | | No, …
| they | |
2. Ɇɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɹ this, that
This (that) – ɩɨɞɥɟɠɚɳɟɟ This (that) – ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɟ
«ɷɬɨ», «ɬɨ». «ɷɬɨɬ», «ɬɨɬ».

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 1. – This (that) is a ѭdesk. – This (that) desk is ѭgood.

| | an office. | office |
| | a company. | company |
This | is | a manager. This | manager | is good.
That | | a secretary. That | secretary |
| | a child. | child |

3. Ɇɧɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɟɱɢɫɥɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ

Ɇɧɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɟ ɱɢɫɥɨ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɨɛɪɚɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɩɭɬɟɦ ɩɪɢɛɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ


ɨɤɨɧɱɚɧɢɹ-sɤɨɬɨɪɨɟɩɪɨɢɡɧɨɫɢɬɫɹ
[z] – ɩɨɫɥɟɝɥɚɫɧɵɯɢɡɜɨɧɤɢɯɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɵɯɡɜɭɤɨɜ pens, offers);
[s] – ɩɨɫɥɟɝɥɭɯɢɯɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɵɯɡɜɭɤɨɜ desks, contracts);
>Õ]@– ɩɨɫɥɟ ɡɜɭɤɚ [s] (offices).
ɉɨɫɥɟ ɛɭɤɜɨɫɨɱɟɬɚɧɢɣ ss, sh, ch, x ɩɪɢɛɚɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɨɤɨɧɱɚɧɢɟ -es ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ
ɩɪɨɢɡɧɨɫɢɬɫɹ>Õz] ( a telex – telexes).
Ɂɚɩɨɦɧɢɬɟ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ
ɦɧɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨɱɢɫɥɚ

f v a wife – wives
ɫɨɝɥ. + y ie a company – companies
ɧɨ: a day – days

ɂɫɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɹ: a child – children [tǏDÕOG– ƍWǏÕOGUԥQ@


a man – men [mæn – men]
a woman – women [ƍZXPԥQ– ƍZÕPÕQ@

ɍɩɪɌɪɟɧɢɪɭɣɬɟɦɨɞɟɥɢ
Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ These (those) are ѭdesks. These (those) desks are ѭgood.

| | offices. | | offices |
| | companies. | | companies |
| | managers. | | managers |
These | are | secretaries. | These | secretaries | are good (nice).
19

Those | | children. | Those | children |


| | men. | | men |
| | women. | | women |
Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 3. These | are (ѭnot) ѭpens.
Those |

| | | desks.
| | | telexes.
These | are | (not) | letters.
Those | | | offices.
| | | secretaries.

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 4. – Are these Ѭletters? – ѭYes, they ѭare.


– ѭNo, they ѭaren’t.

| | pens? |
| | cables? |
Are | these | telexes? | Yes, they are.
| | offers? | No, they aren’t.
| | pencils? |

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 5. – Are the pencils on the Ѭdesk? – ѭYes, they ѭare.


– ѭNo, they ѭaren’t.

| pens | |
| cables | |
Are the | contracts | on the desk? | Yes, they are.
| telexes | | No, they aren’t.
| telephones | |

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 6. – What are ѭthese (those)? – These (those) are ѭpencils.

| | | cables.
| | | desks.
What are these (those)? | These | are | telexes.
| Those | | offers.
| | | contracts.
| | | offices.

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 7. – ѭWhere are the pencils? – They are on the ѭdesk.

| | | pens? | | | |
| | | cables? | | | |
Where | are | the | telephones? | | | |
| | | offers? | They | are | on | the desk.
| | | contracts? | | | in |
| | | letters? | | | |
20

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 8. – Whose ѭpencils are these (those)?


– These (those) are ѭmy pencils.

| letters | | | | | | letters.
| tables | | | | | | tables.
Whose | desks | are | these? | These | are | my | desks.
| pens | | those? | Those | | | pens.
| telexes | | | | | | telexes.
| children | | | | | | children.

3. ɉɨɜɟɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟɧɚɤɥɨɧɟɧɢɟ

ɍɬɜɟɪɞɢɬɟɥɶɧɚɹɮɨɪɦɚɩɨɜɟɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨɧɚɤɥɨɧɟɧɢɹɫɨɜɩɚɞɚɟɬɫɮɨɪɦɨɣɢɧɮɢɧɢɬɢɜɚ
ɛɟɡɱɚɫɬɢɰɵto.

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 9. Come and meet Mr. ѭBell.

| Mr. Bell.
| Lavrov.
Come and meet | the company manager.
| the office manager.

Ɋɟɱɟɜɵɟɦɨɞɟɥɢ
Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 1. – What ѭare you? – I’m an engiѭneer.
– What is Lavѭrov? – He is an engiѭneer.

| | you? |I | | an engineer.
| are | Mr. Bell? | Mr. Bell | am | the company manager.
What | is | Nancy? | Nancy | is | a secretary.
| | they? | They | are | engineers.

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 2. – How ѭare you? – Very ѭwell, Ѭthank you.


– How is Mr. ѭBell?

| | you? |
How | are | Oleg Stepanov? | Very well, thank you.
| is | Nancy? |

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 3. – I’m glad you are in ѭLondon.

| Moscow.
| Leningrad.
I’m glad you are in | Kiev.
| Paris.
| my office.

ɍɩɪ7. ȼɵɭɱɢɬɟɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟɱɢɫɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ
21

1 – one [w n] 4 – four [f฀:] 7 – seven [sevn] 10 – ten [ten]


2 – two [tu:] 5 – ILYH>IDÕY@ 8 – eight [eÕt] 11 – HOHYHQ>ÕƍOHYQ@
3 – three [șUL:] 6 – six [sÕks] 9 – nine [naÕn] 12 – twelve [twelv]

ɍɩɪ. 8. ɉɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɢɩɟɪɟɜɟɞɢɬɟɬɟɤɫɬ ɢɞɢɚɥɨɝɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹɧɨɜɵɟɫɥɨɜɚɢɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ

Ɂɚɩɨɦɧɢɬɟɫɥɨɜɚ
1. this [ðÕs] - ɷɬɨɬɷɬɚɷɬɨ
2. that [ðæt] - ɬɨɬɬɚɬɨ
3. these [ði:z] - ɷɬɢ
4. those [ðouz] - ɬɟ
5. young [j ƾ@ - ɦɨɥɨɞɨɣ
6. a man [mæn] - ɱɟɥɨɜɟɤɦɭɠɱɢɧɚ
men [men] - ɦɧ. ɱ.
7. an engineer [‚end ÕƍQÕԥ@ - ɢɧɠɟɧɟɪ
8. of [฀v, ԥv] - ɩɪɟɞɥɨɝɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɣɪɭɫɫɤɨɦɭ
ɪɨɞɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɦɭɩɚɞɟɠɭ
9. now [nau] - ɫɟɣɱɚɫɬɟɩɟɪɶ
10. a morning [ƍP฀QÕƾ@ - ɭɬɪɨ
good morning - ɞɨɛɪɨɟ ɭɬɪɨ
11. you [ju:] - ɜɵɬɵ
12. are [Į:] - ɥɢɱɧɚɹɮɨɪɦɚɝɥɚɝɨɥɚto be ɞɥɹɜɫɟɯɥɢɰɦɧɱ
13. how [hau] - ɤɚɤ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟɫɥɨɜɨ
14. very [ƍYHUÕ@ - ɨɱɟɧɶ
15. well [wel] - ɯɨɪɨɲɨ
16. thank you [ƍșæƾkju:] - ɫɩɚɫɢɛɨ
17. too [tu:] - ɬɨɠɟ ɫɬɚɜɢɬɫɹɜɤɨɧɰɟɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ
18. I [aÕ@ -ɹ
19. am [æm, ԥm] - ɥɢɱɧɚɹɮɨɪɦɚɝɥɚɝɨɥɚto be ɞɥɹ-ɝɨɥɟɞɱ
20. your [j฀:] - ɜɚɲɜɚɲɚɜɚɲɟɜɚɲɢɬɜɨɣɬɜɨɹɬɜɨɟɬɜɨɢ
21. a wife [waÕf] - ɠɟɧɚ
22. Moscow [ƍm฀skou] - Ɇɨɫɤɜɚ
23. our [auԥ@ - ɧɚɲɧɚɲɚɧɚɲɟɧɚɲɢ
24. a child [tǏaÕld] - ɪɟɛɟɧɨɤ
children [ƍtǏÕldrԥQ@ - ɦɧ.ɱ.
25. a son [s n] - ɫɵɧ
26. a daughter [ƍG฀:tԥ@ - ɞɨɱɶ
27. a picture [ƍSÕN tǏԥ] - ɮɨɬɨɝɪɚɮɢɹ
28. a family [ƍI PÕOÕ@ - ɫɟɦɶɹ
29. we >ZLZÕ@ - ɦɵ
30. to come [k m] - ɩɪɢɯɨɞɢɬɶ
31. to meet [mi:t] - ɡɞ ɩɨɡɧɚɤɨɦɢɬɶɫɹ

Ɂɚɩɨɦɧɢɬɟɮɪɚɡɵ
1. How are you? - Ʉɚɤɜɵɩɨɠɢɜɚɟɬɟ"
2. I’m glad (you are in London). - ə ɪɚɞ, (ɱɬɨ ɜɵ ɜ Ʌɨɧɞɨɧɟ.)
3. What are you? - Ʉɬɨ ɜɵ? (ɩɨ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ)
I am an engineer. - əɢɧɠɟɧɟɪ
4. Come and meet (my family). - ɉɪɢɯɨɞɢɬɟɩɨɡɧɚɤɨɦɢɬɶ (ɫ ɦɨɟɣ ɫɟɦɶɟɣ).

TEXT
Lavrov and Mr. Bell
22

ƍThis is Lavѭrov. He is a ƍyoung ѭman. Lavƍrov is an engiƍneer of Rusѭexport. ƍNow


he is in ѭLondon.
Bell: Good ѭmorning, Mr. Lavrov. How ѭare you?
Lavrov: I am ƍvery ѭwell, Ѭthank you. And how are ѭyou, Mr. Bell?
Bell: ƍVery ƍwell ѭtoo. I’m ƍglad you are in ѭLondon. ƍIs your ƍwife in ƍLondon Ѭtoo?
Lavrov: ѭNo, she is in ƍMoscow with our ѭchildren. And ƍis ƍthis a ƍpicture of Ѭyour family,
Mr. Bell?
Bell: ѭYes. This ƍwoman is my ѭwife and ƍthese are my ƍsons and my ѭdaughter.
Lavrov: Your ƍchildren are ѭnice and your ƍwife is ƍvery ƍnice ѭtoo.
Bell: ѭThank you. ƍCome and ƍmeet my ѭfamily, Mr. Lavrov.

ȽɈȼɈɊɂɌȿɉɈ-ȺɇȽɅɂɃɋɄɂ

ɍɩɪɚ ɇɚɡɨɜɢɬɟɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟɫɥɨɜɚ (telephones, women, men, children).

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ: These (those) are ѭpens.


These (those) pens are ѭgood.

ɛ ɋɩɪɨɫɢɬɟɢɨɬɜɟɬɶɬɟ ɧɚɜɨɩɪɨɫɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹɷɬɢɠɟɫɥɨɜɚ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ: – Are these (those) Ѭpens? – ѭYes, they ѭare.

ɍɩɪ. ɇɟɫɨɝɥɚɫɢɬɟɫɶɫɦɧɟɧɢɟɦɫɨɛɟɫɟɞɧɢɤɚ
– Ann is an engiѭneer.
– ѭNo, she ѭisn’t an engineer. She is a ѭsecretary.
1. Nancy is the company manager. (a secretary)
2. Mr. Bell is the office manager. (the company manager)
3. Lavrov is an economist. (an engineer)
4. Ann is an economist. (a secretary)
5. Ann and Nancy are engineers. (secretaries)
6. Tom and Dick are economists. (engineers)
ɉɪɢɦɟɱɚɧɢɟDQHFRQRPLVW>ÕƍN฀nԥPÕVW@– ɷɤɨɧɨɦɢɫɬ.

ɍɩɪ 11. ɉɨɛɟɫɟɞɭɣɬɟɞɪɭɝɫɞɪɭɝɨɦɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹɞɢɚɥɨɝɢ-ɦɨɞɟɥɢ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 1. – Are these (those) Ѭcables?


– ѭNo, they are ѭnot.
– What are ѭthese (those)?
– These (those) are ѭtelexes.

desks (tables), contracts (offers), pens (pencils), letters (telexes).

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 2. – This is Mr. ѭBell.


– What ѭis he?
23

– He is the company ѭmanager.

Nancy – a secretary; my daughter – a secretary; Lavrov – an engineer; my wife – an


economist; my son – the office manager.

ɍɩɪ2.* ɏɨɪɨɲɨɥɢɜɵɡɧɚɟɬɟɝɥɚɝɨɥto be.


ɚ Ɂɚɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɩɪɨɩɭɫɤɢɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɟɣɮɨɪɦɨɣɝɥɚɝɨɥɚ.
ɛ ɉɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɜɟɫɶɬɟɤɫɬɟɳɟɪɚɡ
ɜ Ɂɚɞɚɣɬɟɜɨɩɪɨɫɵɤɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɦ
ɝ ɉɟɪɟɫɤɚɠɢɬɟɬɟɤɫɬ

This … a picture of a family. The family … large and nice. This … Stepanov. He … a
young man. He … an engineer. And this … his wife. She …a young woman. She … an
economist. These … their children. They … very nice children.
ɉɪɢɦɟɱɚɧɢɟtheir [ðİԥ@– ɢɯ ɩɪɢɬɹɠɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɟɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɟ

ɍɩɪ.* Ɉɬɜɟɬɶɬɟɧɚɜɨɩɪɨɫɵ

What is your husband? What are you?


Is he an engineer? Is your family large?
Is your husband young? What is your wife?
Where is he now? Is she a young woman?
How is he? Where is she now?
ɉɪɢɦɟɱɚɧɢɟ: husband[ƍK zbԥQG@ – ɦɭɠ

ɍɩɪ.* Ɂɚɞɚɣɬɟɜɨɩɪɨɫɵɧɚɤɨɬɨɪɵɟɦɨɠɧɨɞɚɬɶɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟɨɬɜɟɬɵ

1. I am well, thank you.


2. No, my husband is not in London now.
3. This woman is an economist.
4. Yes, those are my children.
5. The offers are on the desk.
6. Yes, that is a picture of my family.

ɍɊɈɄ

Ɏɨɧɟɬɢɤɚ Ɂɜɭɤɢ>ԥ@>฀Õ@.
Ƚɪɚɦɦɚɬɢɤɚ ɉɪɢɬɹɠɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɟɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɹ
ɉɪɢɬɹɠɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɣɩɚɞɟɠɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ
Ƚɥɚɝɨɥɶɧɚɹɮɨɪɦɚhave got.
Ⱥɥɶɬɟɪɧɚɬɢɜɧɵɣɜɨɩɪɨɫ
Ɍɟɤɫɬ: Mr. Bell’s House.

ɎɈɇȿɌɂɄȺ

ɍɩɪɚ ɉɪɨɢɡɧɟɫɢɬɟɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟɡɜɭɤɢɚɡɚɬɟɦɫɥɨɜɚ:

[ԥ:] [ԥ: – ฀:] [wԥ:] [wԥ:] – [w฀:] [฀Õ]


24

ƍԥlÕ bԥ:d – b฀:d wԥ:d wԥ:d – w฀:k ฀Õl


gԥ:l tԥ:n – t฀:n wԥ:k wԥ:m – w฀:m b฀Õ
ƍșԥzdÕ fԥ– f฀: ƍwԥkԥ wԥld – w฀:l t฀Õ
ƍșԥƍti:n wԥV k฀ÕQ
ƍVԥWԥQOÕ wԥOG

[tǏ – d ] [v – w]
tǏes – d æz vet – wet ƍYHUÕѭwel
kætǏ – NHÕG YHÕO– ZHÕO ƍYHUÕ ѭwaÕd
UÕWǏ – EUÕG vi:l – wi:l ƍYHUÕ ѭw฀:m

ɛ) ɉɪɨɢɡɧɟɫɬɢ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɡɜɭɤɨɫɨɱɟɬɚɧɢɹ:


Į:r‫ک‬ԥt ðԥ ѭdesk Į:r‫ک‬฀n ðԥѭteÕbl Į:r‫ک‬Õn ðÕѭ฀fÕs

ɍɩɪɉɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɫɥɨɜɚɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨɩɪɚɜɢɥɚɦɱɬɟɧɢɹ

girl, bird, burden, third, work, worse, wall, wet, chess, rich, page, bridge, vet, cage, catch,
elder, kitchen, large, nice, name, meeting, green, her.

ȽɊȺɆɆȺɌɂɄA

1. ɉɪɢɬɹɠɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɟɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɹ

Ʌɢɱɧɵɟɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɹ ɉɪɢɬɹɠɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɟɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɹ
I my
you your
he his
she her
it its
we our
you your
they their

ɍɩɪ. 3. Ɍɪɟɧɢɪɭɣɬɟ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ.

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 1. – Whose ѭfamily is this? – This is ѭmy family.

| | her |
| | his |
Whose family is this? | This is | our | family.
| | your |
| | their |

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 2. – Whose ѭletters are these? – These are ѭmy letters.

| | his |
| | her |
Whose letters are these? | These are | our | letters.
25

| | your |
| | their |

2. ɉɪɢɬɹɠɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɣɩɚɞɟɠɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ

ɋɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ ɜ ɩɪɢɬɹɠɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɦ ɩɚɞɟɠɟ ɫɥɭɠɢɬ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɟɦ ɤ ɞɪɭɝɨɦɭ


ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɦɭ ɜɵɪɚɠɚɟɬ ɩɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɧɨɫɬɶ ɢ ɨɬɜɟɱɚɟɬ ɧɚ ɜɨɩɪɨɫ whose.
ɉɪɢɬɹɠɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ ɩɚɞɟɠ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɜ ɟɞɢɧɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ ɨɛɪɚɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɩɭɬɟɦ
ɩɪɢɛɚɜɥɟɧɢɹɤɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɦɭɨɤɨɧɱɚɧɢɹ-’s (my son’s, Nancy’s).
Ɉɤɨɧɱɚɧɢɟ ɩɪɢɬɹɠɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɩɚɞɟɠɚ ɱɢɬɚɟɬɫɹ ɬɚɤ ɠɟ ɤɚɤ ɨɤɨɧɱɚɧɢɟ -s
ɦɧɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨɱɢɫɥɚɢɦɟɧɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 3. This is Mr. ѭBell’s desk.

| | Nancy’s |
| | my son’s |
Whose desk is this? | This is | our secretary’s | desk.
| | my daughter’s |
| | the manager’s |
| | Lavrov’s |
ɉɪɢɬɹɠɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ ɩɚɞɟɠ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɜɨ ɦɧɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɚɟɬɫɹ
ɬɨɥɶɤɨɨɞɧɢɦɚɩɨɫɬɪɨɮɨɦɤɨɬɨɪɵɣɫɬɚɜɢɬɫɹɩɨɫɥɟɨɤɨɧɱɚɧɢɹ
-s (the engineers’ desks, the secretaries’ letters).
Eɫɥɢ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ ɜɨ ɦɧɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ ɧɟ ɢɦɟɟɬ ɨɤɨɧɱɚɧɢɹ -s ɬɨ
ɩɪɢɬɹɠɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɣɩɚɞɟɠ ɨɛɪɚɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɤɚɤ ɭ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɜ ɟɞɢɧɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ the
children’s room).

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 4. These are my ѭsons’ letters.

| | my sons’ |
| | the engineers’ |
Whose letters are these? | These are | the economists’ | letters.
| | our secretaries’ |
| | my children’s |

3. Ƚɥɚɝɨɥɶɧɚɹɮɨɪɦɚhave got

Ƚɥɚɝɨɥɶɧɚɹɮɨɪɦɚhave got ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɟɬɪɭɫɫɤɨɦɭɝɥɚɝɨɥɭ©ɢɦɟɬɶª

ɍɩɪ. 4. ɉɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɢɩɟɪɟɜɟɞɢɬɟɢɯ

1. I have got a small family.


2. My friend has not got a son. He has got a daughter.
3. – Have your children got a large room?
– Yes, they have.
26

ɍɬɜɟɪɞɢɬɟɥɶɧɚɹɮɨɪɦɚ

I have got = I’ve got. We have got = We’ve got.


You have got = You’ve got. You have got = You’ve got.
He has got = He’s got.
She has got = She’s got. They have got = They’ve got.
It has got = It’s got.
ɍɩɪɋɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɢɩɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɢɯ

I | | a nice sitting-room.
You | | two children.
They | have got | a good office.
Our manager | has got | two offers from GML.
The secretary | | a small family.

Ɉɬɪɢɰɚɬɟɥɶɧɚɹɮɨɪɦɚ

I have not got = I haven’t got. We have not got = We haven’t got.
You have not got = You haven’t got. You have not got = You haven’t got.
He has not got = He hasn’t got.
She has not got = She hasn’t got. They have not got = They haven’t got.
It has not got = It hasn’t got.

ɍɩɪɋɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɢɩɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɢɯ

We | | a large kitchen.
They | haven’t got | a carpet in the sitting-room.
Our manager | hasn’t got | a telephone.
The secretary | | offers from GML.
| | a large family.

ȼɨɩɪɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɚɹɮɨɪɦɚ

Have I got …?
Have you got …? Yes, you have.
Has he got …? I has.
Has she got …? he
Has it got …? she
Have we got …? No, it haven’t.
Have you got …? we hasn’t.
Have they got …? they

ɍɩɪɋɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɜɨɩɪɨɫɵɢɨɬɜɟɬɶɬɟɧɚɧɢɯ

| | | a nice kitchen? |
| you | | two sons? |
| they | | a large room? | Yes, …
Have | your children | got | a good office? | No, …
Has | your manager | | a large family? |
27

| the secretary | | a large sitting-room? |

4. Ⱥɥɶɬɟɪɧɚɬɢɜɧɵɣ ɜɨɩɪɨɫ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 5. – Is your friend an engiѬneer or an eѭconomist?


– He is an eѭconomist.
| Nancy | a secretary or | | |
| | an engineer? | | |
| Mr. Bell | the company manager | | | a secretary.
Is | | or the office manager? | He | is | the company manager.
| Lavrov | an engineer or | She | | in London.
| | an economist? | | | an engineer.
| | in London or | | |
| | in Moscow now? | | |

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 6. – Is your bedroom Ѭlarge or ѭsmall? – It’s ѭlarge.

| your sitting-room | | |
| your kitchen | | | large.
Is | your friend’s office | large or small? | It is |
| your secretary’s desk | | | small.
| Mr. Bell’s house | | |

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 7. – Have you got a Ѭson or a ѭdaughter? – I’ve got a ѭson.

| you | | | | |
| your manager | | | I | |
Have | Mr. Bell | got | a son or | He | have got | a son.
Has | Nancy | | a daughter? | She | has got | a daughter.
| Lavrov | | | They | |
| they | | | | |

ɍɩɪ. 8. ȼɵɭɱɢɬɟ ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɱɢɫɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ.

13 – thirteen [ƍșԥƍti:n] 17 – seventeen [ƍsevnƍti:n]


14 – fourteen [ƍf฀:ƍti:n] 18 – eighteen [ƍHÕƍti:n]
15 – fifteen [ƍIÕIWLQ@ 19 – nineteen [ƍQDÕQƍti:n]
16 – sixteen [ƍVÕNVƍti:n] 20 – twenty [ƍWZHQWÕ@

30 – thirty [ƍșԥWÕ@ 21 – twenty-one


40 – forty [ƍf฀WÕ@ 32 – thirty-two
50 – fifty [ƍIÕIWÕ@ 43 – forty-three
60 – sixty [ƍVÕNVWÕ@ 54 – fifty-four
70 – seventy [ƍsevntÕ@ 65 – sixty-five
80 – eighty [ƍeÕtÕ@
90 – ninety [ƍnaÕntÕ@

Ɋɟɱɟɜɵɟɦɨɞɟɥɢ
28

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 1. – What colour is the ѭpen? – It’s ѭgreen.

| | the table? | |
What colour | is | the pencils? | It’s | green.
| are | the telephone? | They are | white.
| | the desks? | | brown.

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 2. – What is your ѭname? – My name is ѭAnn.

| | your | | | |
| | your son’s | | My | |
What | is | your daughter’s | name? | His | name | is …
| are | your wife’s | names? | Her | names | are …
| | your children’s | |Their | |

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 3. – How old is your ѭson? – He is ѭ12.

| | your daughter? | | am …
| | your child? | I |
How old | is | your children? | She| is …
| are | you? | He |
| | Mr. Bell? | They | are …
| | Nancy? | |

ɍɩɪ9. ɉɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɢɩɟɪɟɜɟɞɢɬɟɬɟɤɫɬɢɞɢɚɥɨɝɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹɧɨɜɵɟɫɥɨɜɚɢɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ

Ɂɚɩɨɦɧɢɬɟɫɥɨɜɚ
1. her [hԥ@ - ɟɟ ɩɪɢɬɹɠɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɟɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɟ
2. its >Õts] - ɟɟɟɝɨ ɩɪɢɬɹɠɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɟɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɟɨɬɧɨ-
ɫɹɳɟɟɫɹɤɧɟɨɞɭɲɟɜɥɟɧɧɵɦɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɦ
3. a house [haus] - ɞɨɦ
4. a sitting-room [ƍVÕWÕƾUXP@ - ɝɨɫɬɢɧɚɹ
5. a name >QHÕP@ - ɢɦɹ
6. a friend [frend] - ɞɪɭɝ
7. elder [ƍeldԥ@ - ɫɬɚɪɲɢɣ
8. a boy [b฀Õ@ - ɦɚɥɶɱɢɤ
9. a sofa [ƍsoufԥ@ - ɞɢɜɚɧ
10. red [red] - ɤɪɚɫɧɵɣ
11. green [gri:n] - ɡɟɥɟɧɵɣ
12. an armchair [ƍĮPWǏİԥ@ - ɤɪɟɫɥɨ
13. brown [braun] - ɤɨɪɢɱɧɟɜɵɣ
14. a carpet [ƍNĮSÕW@ - ɤɨɜɟɪ
15. a room [rum] - ɤɨɦɧɚɬɚ
16. comfortable [ƍk mfԥWԥEO@ - ɭɸɬɧɵɣ, ɭɞɨɛɧɵɣ
17. a kitchen [ƍNÕWǏÕQ@ - ɤɭɯɧɹ
18. small [sm฀:l] - ɦɚɥɟɧɶɤɢɣ
19. a girl [gԥO@ - ɞɟɜɨɱɤɚ
20. a bedroom [ƍbedrum] - ɫɩɚɥɶɧɹ
21. to have got [hԥYƍg฀t] - ɢɦɟɬɶ
22. a flat [flæt] - ɤɜɚɪɬɢɪɚ
23. a bathroom [ƍEĮșUXP@ - ɜɚɧɧɚɹ
24. a city [ƍVÕWÕ@ - ɝɨɪɨɞ
25. certainly [ƍsԥt(ԥ nlÕ@ - ɤɨɧɟɱɧɨ, ɧɟɫɨɦɧɟɧɧɨ
29

26. colour [ƍk lԥ@ - ɰɜɟɬ


27. what [w฀t] - ɤɚɤɨɣ

Ɂɚɩɨɦɧɢɬɟ ɮɪɚɡɵ
1. It’s nice to meet you. - ɉɪɢɹɬɧɨɩɨɡɧɚɤɨɦɢɬɶɫɹɫɜɚɦɢ
2. What about you? - Ⱥɤɚɤɜɵ" ɤɚɤɧɚɫɱɟɬɜɚɫ"
3. What’s your name? - Ʉɚɤ ɜɚɫ ɡɨɜɭɬ?
4. How old are you? - ɋɤɨɥɶɤɨ ɜɚɦ ɥɟɬ?
TEXT
Mr. Bell’s House
This is Mr. ƍBell’s ѭhouse. Mr. ƍBell and his Ѭsons are in the ѭsitting-room. His
ƍsons’ ƍnames are ƍTom and ѭJim. They are ƍgood ѭfriends. The ƍelder ƍboy ƍTom is Ѭ13 and
Jim is ѭ10.
The ƍsofa in Mr. ƍBell’s ƍsitting-room is Ѭred and the ƍarmchairs are ѭbrown. The
ƍcarpet is ѭgreen. The ƍroom is ƍvery ѭcomfortable. Mrs. Bell is ѭnot in this room. She is in
the ѭkitchen.
Their ƍdaughter’s ƍname is ѭSusan. She is a ѭsmall girl. She is ѭfive. Susan is ѭnot
well now. She is in the ѭbedroom.
ɉɪɢɦɟɱɚɧɢɟMrs. [ mÕsÕz] – ɝɨɫɩɨɠɚ ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɟɬɫɹɩɟɪɟɞɮɚɦɢɥɢɟɣɡɚɦɭɠɧɟɣɠɟɧɳɢɧɵ

***
Mrs. ƍBell, Lavƍrov and his ƍfriend are in the ѭsitting-room now.
Lavrov: It’s ƍnice to ѭmeet you, Mrs. Bell. You’ve ƍgot a ƍvery ƍgood ѭhouse.
Mrs. Bell: ѬThank you. And what about ѭyou, Mr. Lavѭrov? ƍHave you got a Ѭhouse
or a ѭflat?
Lavrov: We’ve ƍgot a ƍthree-ƍroom ƍflat in ѬMoscow with a ƍlarge ƍkitchen and a
ѭbathroom.
Mrs. Bell: ƍIs ƍMoscow a Ѭnice city?
Lavrov: ѭYes, ѭcertainly.

ȽɈȼɈɊɂɌȿ ɉɈ-ȺɇȽɅɂɃɋɄɂ

ɍɩɪ. 10. ɇɟ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɢɬɟɫɶ ɫ ɦɧɟɧɢɟɦ ɫɨɛɟɫɟɞɧɢɤɚ.

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 1. – This is Mr. ѭGreen’s office.


– No, it’s not ѭhis office. It’s Mr. ѭBell’s office.
the secretary’s desk (the manager), Tom’s room (Susan), Nancy’s family (Lavrov), Mrs.
Bell’s bedroom (her daughter).

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 2. – Is this your Ѭdaughter’s room?


- ѭNo, this is not ѭher room. This is ѭmy room.
your daughter’s pens, your son’s bedroom, Tom and Jim’s pencils.

ɍɩɪ. 11. ɉɨɛɟɫɟɞɭɣɬɟɞɪɭɝɫ ɞɪɭɝɨɦɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹɞɢɚɥɨɝɢ-ɦɨɞɟɥɢ


Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 1. – Is this ѬNancy’s house?
30

– ѭNo, this is not ѭher house.


– ѭWhose house is this?
– This is Mr. ѭBell’s house.
Tom’s room (Jim), the secretary’s telephone (the manager), your son’s flat (my daughter), the
secretary’s desk (the manager).

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 2. – Is Mr. Bell’s desk Ѭwhite?


– ѭNo, it ѭisn’t white.
– What ѭcolour is his desk?
– It’s ѭbrown.

Nancy’s house (red, green), your daughter’s sofa (brown, red), your friend’s telephone (white,
red), Mrs. Bell’s carpet (brown, green).

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 3. – Are your pens Ѭgreen?


– ѭNo, they ѭaren’t green.
– What ѭcolour are your pens?
– They are ѭbrown.
your armchairs (green, brown), the desks in your office (white, brown).

ɍɩɪ. Ɂɚɞɚɣɬɟɜɨɩɪɨɫɵɤɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɦ ɦɨɞɟɥɶ ɢɫɥɨɜɚɦ ɦɨɞɟɥɶ ɢɨɬɜɟɬɶɬɟ


ɧɚɧɢɯ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 1. – Is Jim Ѭfour or ѭten?


– He is ѭten. He is very nice ѭboy.

The house is large (small). The man is 40 (20). The bathroom is small (large).

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 2. – Are these Ѭcables or ѭtelexes?


– These are ѭtelexes. They are ѭLavrov’s telexes.

desks, pens, telexes, pencils, tables.

ɍɩɪ. 13. ɉɨɛɟɫɟɞɭɣɬɟ ɞɪɭɝ ɫ ɞɪɭɝɨɦɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹɞɢɚɥɨɝɢ-ɦɨɞɟɥɢ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 1. – I’ve got a ѭthree-room flat. And what about ѭyou?


– I ѭhaven’t got a three-room flat. I’ve got a ѭtwo-room flat.

a large kitchen (small); four armchairs (two); a red carpet (green); a small family (large).

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 2. – My friend has got a ѭthree-room flat. And what about ѭyour
friend?
31

– My friend ѭhasn’t got a three-room flat. He has got a ѭtwo-room


flat.

a large sitting-room (small); two children (one child); two telephones in the flat (one); a
brown sofa (green).

ɍɩɪ.* ɏɨɪɨɲɨɥɢɜɵɡɧɚɟɬɟɮɨɪɦɭɝɥɚɝɨɥɚhave got?


ɚ ɉɨɞɱɟɪɤɧɢɬɟɧɭɠɧɭɸɮɨɪɦɭɝɥɚɝɨɥɚ
ɛ ɉɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɬɟɤɫɬɭɩɪɚɠɧɟɧɢɹɟɳɟɪɚɡ
ɜ ɁɚɞɚɣɬɟɞɪɭɝɞɪɭɝɭɜɨɩɪɨɫɵɨɤɜɚɪɬɢɪɟɅɚɜɪɨɜɚ
ɝ Ɋɚɫɫɤɚɠɢɬɟɨɟɝɨɤɜɚɪɬɢɪɟ

Lavrov and his wife (have got, has got) two children – a son and a daughter.
They (have got, has got) a three-room flat in Moscow. They (have got, has got) a
sitting-room, a bedroom, a children’s room, a large kitchen and a bathroom. They (have got,
has got) a sofa, a small table and two armchairs in the sitting-room. The sofa is red and the
armchairs are red too.
Their daughter (have got, has got) a nice brown desk. It is in the children’s room.
Their son (haven’t got, hasn’t got) a desk. He is very small.

ɍɩɪ.* Ɉɬɜɟɬɶɬɟɧɚɜɨɩɪɨɫɵ

1. Have you got a family?


2. Is your family large or small?
3. What’s your wife’s (husband’s) name?
4. How old is she (he)?
5. What is she (he)?

***
6. Have you got children?
7. Have you got a son or a daughter?
8. What’s your son’s (daughter’s) name?
9. Is he (she) a small boy (girl)?
10. How old is he (she)?

***
11. Have you got a flat in Komsomolsk-na-Amure?
12. Is Komsomolsk-na-Amure a very nice city?
13. Is your flat large or small?
14. Is it comfortable?
15. Have you got a sitting-room?
16. Is it large?

***
17. Have you got a sofa and armchairs in your sitting-room?
18. What colour is the sofa?
19. And what about the armchairs?
20. Have you got a carpet in your bedroom?
21. What colour is the carpet?
32

ɍɩɪ .* ȼɵɭɱɢɬɟ ɞɢɚɥɨɝ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ɜɵ ɦɨɠɟɬɟ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶ ɜɫɬɪɟɱɚɹɫɶ ɫ


ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɢɬɟɥɹɦɢɢɧɨɫɬɪɚɧɧɵɯɮɢɪɦɢɜɨɫɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɞɢɬɟɟɝɨ

– Oh, Mr. Bell (Mr. Lavrov), it’s nice to meet you. I’m glad you are in Moscow (in London).
How are you?
– Very well, thank you. And what about you?
– I’m well too, thank you.

ɍɩɪ.* ɑɬɨɜɵɦɨɠɟɬɟɪɚɫɫɤɚɡɚɬɶɨɫɜɨɟɣɫɟɦɶɟɢɤɜɚɪɬɢɪɟɢɥɢɨɫɟɦɶɟɢɤɜɚɪɬɢɪɟ
ɫɜɨɟɝɨɞɪɭɝɚ?
ɍɩɪ .* ɉɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɶɬɟ ɱɬɨ ɜɵ ɜɫɬɪɟɱɚɟɬɟɫɶ ɫ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɢɬɟɥɟɦ ɢɧɨɫɬɪɚɧɧɨɣ ɮɢɪɦɵ
Ɋɚɫɫɩɪɨɫɢɬɟ ɟɝɨ ɨ ɫɟɦɶɟ ɢ ɤɜɚɪɬɢɪɟ ɞɨɦɟ  ɧɚɱɚɜ ɛɟɫɟɞɭ ɫ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɚ ɭɩɪ
16).

ɍɩɪ.* ɋɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɞɢɚɥɨɝɢɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹɦɨɞɟɥɢ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 1. – It’s an office.


– Whose office is it?
– It’s Mr. Bell’s office.

1. It’s a house. (my friend)


2. It’s a family. (our manager)
3. It’s a picture. (my daughter)
4. It’s a telephone. (our secretary)
5. It’s an office. (Lavrov)

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 2. – Have you got a house?


– No, I haven’t got a house. I’ve got a flat.

1. Have you got a son? (a daughter)


2. Have you got a two-room flat? (a one-room flat)
3. Has your friend got a large family? (a small family)
4. Has your manager got a small desk? (a large desk)
5. Have you got a green sofa? (a red sofa)
6. Has your friend got a brown carpet? (a red carpet)

ɍɩɪ.* Ɂɚɞɚɣɬɟɜɨɩɪɨɫɵɧɚɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɦɨɠɧɨɞɚɬɶɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟɨɬɜɟɬɵ

1. Yes, I’ve got a family.


2. My family is not large. It’s small.
3. My husband is an economist.
4. Yes, I’ve got two children.
5. Their names are Kate and Max.
6. Kate is three and Max is seven.
7. No, we haven’t got a house.
8. We’ve got a flat in Moscow.
9. Yes, we’ve got comfortable armchairs in the sitting-room.
10. The armchairs are green.

ɍɊɈɄ
33

Ɏɨɧɟɬɢɤɚ Ɂɜɭɤɢ[ ], [uԥ].


Ƚɪɚɦɦɚɬɢɤɚ ɉɪɨɫɬɨɟ ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɟ ɜɪɟɦɹ (The Simple Present Tense).
ɇɚɪɟɱɢɹɧɟɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɨɝɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ.
3. Ɉɬɪɢɰɚɬɟɥɶɧɚɹɮɨɪɦɚɩɨɜɟɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨɧɚɤɥɨɧɟɧɢɹ.
Ɍɟɤɫɬ After Lunch.

ɎɈɇȿɌɂɄȺ

ɍɩɪɉɪɨɢɡɧɟɫɢɬɟ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟɡɜɭɤɢɚɡɚɬɟɦɫɥɨɜɚ:

[ ] [uԥ] [f – ș] [d – ð]

ƍme ԥ Ǐuԥ fri: – șri: den – ðen


ƍple ԥ tuԥ f฀:t – ș฀:t deÕ – ðeÕ
ƍtre ԥ ƍdjuԥrÕƾ def – deș dİԥ – ðİԥ
ʭtelÕƍvÕ n ƍju: uԥlÕ

[w – ð] [w – d – ð] [Õ – e – æ]

wen – ðen wen – den – ðen bÕn – ben – bæn


weÕ – ðeÕ weÕ – deÕ – ðeÕ dÕd – ded – dæd
wİԥ – ðİԥ wİԥ – Gİԥ – ðİԥ tÕn – ten – tæn
ZÕð – ðÕV

[฀ – ฀: – ou]

k฀t – k฀:t – kout


r฀t – r฀:t – rout
tǏ฀k – tǏ฀:k – tǏouk

ɍɩɪ ɉɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɫɥɨɜɚɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨɩɪɚɜɢɥɚɦɱɬɟɧɢɹ

turn, street, walk, joke, back, berry, top, ship, poor, dress, heat, sport, start, see, little, mix,
then, chat, sun, work, pleasure.

ȽɊȺɆɆȺɌɂɄȺ

1. ɉɪɨɫɬɨɟ ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɟ ɜɪɟɦɹ (The Simple Present Tense)

The Simple Present Tense ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɞɥɹ ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ ɩɨɫɬɨɹɧɧɨɝɨ ɢɥɢ


ɩɨɜɬɨɪɹɸɳɟɝɨɫɹɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ

ɍɩɪ. 3. ɉɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟ ɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ.

1. I read letters and telexes in my office every day.


2. My friend comes to the office at 9.
3. Our engineers do not write letters every day.
4. – Does your manager come to the office at 8?
34

– No, he does not.


ɍɬɜɟɪɞɢɬɟɥɶɧɚɹɮɨɪɦɚ

I ѭcome We ѭcome
You ѭcome You ѭcome
He ѭcomes
She ѭcomes They ѭcome
It ѭcomes
ȼ-ɦɥɢɰɟɟɞɢɧɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨɱɢɫɥɚɝɥɚɝɨɥɵɜ Simple Present ɢɦɟɸɬɨɤɨɧɱɚɧɢɟ -s
(-es)ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟɱɢɬɚɟɬɫɹ
[z] – ɩɨɫɥɟɡɜɨɧɤɢɯɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɵɯɢɝɥɚɫɧɵɯ: come – comes, go – goes;
[s] – ɩɨɫɥɟɝɥɭɯɢɯɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɵɯmeet – meets;
>Õz] – ɩɨɫɥɟɲɢɩɹɳɢɯɢɫɜɢɫɬɹɳɢɯɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɵɯfinish – finishes.

Ɉɫɨɛɟɧɧɨɫɬɢɩɪɚɜɨɩɢɫɚɧɢɹɨɤɨɧɱɚɧɢɹ-s

ȿɫɥɢɝɥɚɝɨɥɨɤɚɧɱɢɜɚɟɬɫɹɧɚ-o, -s, -ss, -sh, -ch, -xɬɨɜ-ɦɥɢɰɟɟɞɢɧɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨɱɢɫɥɚ


ɤ ɧɟɦɭ ɩɪɢɛɚɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɨɤɨɧɱɚɧɢɟ -es: to go – goes, to finish – finishes, to discuss –
discusses.
 ȿɫɥɢ ɝɥɚɝɨɥ ɨɤɚɧɱɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɧɚ -y ɫ ɩɪɟɞɲɟɫɬɜɭɸɳɟɣ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨɣ ɬɨ ɜ ɬɪɟɬɶɟɦ ɥɢɰɟ
ɟɞɢɧɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨɱɢɫɥɚɤɧɟɦɭɩɪɢɛɚɜɥɹɟɬɫɹɨɤɨɧɱɚɧɢɟ-es, a ɛɭɤɜɚ y ɦɟɧɹɟɬɫɹɧɚ i: to
study – studies. ɇɨ to stay – stays.

ɍɩɪ ɋɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɢɩɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɢɯ

I | | |
He | | |
We | read | |
The secretary | reads | cables | in the morning.
Our engineers | | |
My friend | | |

Ɉɬɪɢɰɚɬɟɥɶɧɚɹ ɮɨɪɦɚ

I do ѭnot (don’t) come


You (don’t) come
He do ѭnot (doesn’t) come
She does ѭnot (doesn’t) come
It does ѭnot (doesn’t) come
does ѭnot
We do ѭnot (don’t) come
You (don’t) come
They do ѭnot (don’t) come
do ѭnot

Ɉɬɪɢɰɚɬɟɥɶɧɚɹ ɮɨɪɦɚ ɝɥɚɝɨɥɨɜ ɜ Simple Present ɨɛɪɚɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɩɪɢ ɩɨɦɨɳɢ


ɜɫɩɨɦɨɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɝɥɚɝɨɥɚ do [du@ ɜ ɬɪɟɬɶɟɦ ɥɢɰɟ ɟɞɢɧɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɱɢɫɥɚ does [d z@  ɢ
ɱɚɫɬɢɰɵnotɋɨɤɪɚɳɟɧɧɵɟɮɨɪɦɵdon’t [dount], doesn’t [d znt].
35

ɍɩɪ ɋɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɢɩɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɢɯ

I | |
She | |
The manager | don’t | write letters in the morning.
Our engineers | doesn’t |
Nancy | |

ȼɨɩɪɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɚɹ ɮɨɪɦɚ

Do I Ѭcome? you ѭdo (ѭdon’t).


Do you I
Does he Ѭcome? he ѭdo (ѭdon’t).
Does she Ѭcome? Yes, she ѭdoes (ѭdoesn’t).
Does it Ѭcome? (No), it ѭdoes (ѭdoesn’t).
Do we you
Do you Ѭcome? we ѭdoes (ѭdoesn’t).
Do they Ѭcome? they ѭdo (ѭdon’t).
Ѭcome? ѭdo (ѭdon’t).
Ѭcome? ѭdo (ѭdon’t).

ȼɨɩɪɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɚɹɮɨɪɦɚɝɥɚɝɨɥɚɜSimple Present ɨɛɪɚɡɭɟɬɫɹɫɩɨɦɨɳɶɜɫɩɨɦɨɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ


ɝɥɚɝɨɥɚ do (does) ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ɫɬɚɜɢɬɫɹ ɩɟɪɟɞ ɩɨɞɥɟɠɚɳɢɦ Ʉɪɚɬɤɢɣ ɨɬɜɟɬ ɫɨɫɬɨɢɬ ɢɡ
ɩɨɞɥɟɠɚɳɟɝɨ ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɦ ɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɟɦ ɢ ɜɫɩɨɦɨɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ
ɝɥɚɝɨɥɚ

ɍɩɪɋɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɢɩɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɢɯ

| you | |
| he | |
Do | they | read letters in the morning? | Yes, …
Does | your manager | | No, …
| your engineers | |

ɍɩɪ Ɍɪɟɧɢɪɭɣɬɟɦɨɞɟɥɢ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 1. – When do you come to the ѭoffice?


– At 9 in the ѭmorning.

| | you |
| | your friend |
When | do | the secretary | come to the office?
| does | the manager |
| | Lavrov |
| | your engineers |

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 2. – What do you do in the office in the ѭmorning?


36

– I read cables and telexes.

| | you | |
| | your friend | |
What | do | your engineers | do | in the office in the morning?
| does | the manager | |
| | Mr. Bell’s secretary | |

ɇɚɪɟɱɢɹɧɟɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɨɝɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ

ɇɚɪɟɱɢɹ ɧɟɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ often ©ɱɚɫɬɨª usually ©ɨɛɵɱɧɨª seldom


©ɪɟɞɤɨª sometimes ©ɢɧɨɝɞɚª always ©ɜɫɟɝɞɚª ɨɛɵɱɧɨ ɫɬɨɹɬ ɩɟɪɟɞ ɫɦɵɫɥɨɜɵɦ
ɝɥɚɝɨɥɨɦ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 3. Our manager often writes letters in the ѭmorning.

| always |
| seldom |
Our manager | often | writes letters in the morning.
Our secretary | sometimes |
| usually |

ɇɚɪɟɱɢɹ ɧɟɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ ɫɬɚɜɹɬɫɹ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɝɥɚɝɨɥɚ to be.


Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 4. My friend is always in the office at ѭ9.

| | always |
I | am | seldom |
My friend | is | often | in the office at 9.
The engineers | are | sometimes |

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 5. – Do you write Ѭletters in the office?


– I ѭoften do.

Do | you | write letters in the office?


Does | your manager |

| always |
I | often |
He | seldom | do.
| sometimes | does.
| usually |

Ɉɬɪɢɰɚɬɟɥɶɧɚɹɮɨɪɦɚɩɨɜɟɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨɧɚɤɥɨɧɟɧɢɹ

Ɉɬɪɢɰɚɬɟɥɶɧɚɹ ɮɨɪɦɚ ɩɨɜɟɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɤɥɨɧɟɧɢɹ ɨɛɪɚɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɩɪɢ ɩɨɦɨɳɢ


ɜɫɩɨɦɨɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɝɥɚɝɨɥɚ do ɫ ɨɬɪɢɰɚɧɢɟɦ not (don’t) ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ɫɬɚɜɢɬɫɹ ɩɟɪɟɞ
ɫɦɵɫɥɨɜɵɦɝɥɚɝɨɥɨɦ
37

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 6. Don’t write this letter ѭnow!

| read the cables |


| do this work |
Don’t | go home | now!
| watch television |

Ɋɟɱɟɜɚɹ ɦɨɞɟɥɶ
I know your company is very ѭlarge.

| your city is very large.


| you’ve got an offer from GML.
I know | your friend is the office manager.
| you’ve got a nice flat.
| Mr. Bell’s daughter is a small girl.

ɍɩɪɉɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɢɩɟɪɟɜɟɞɢɬɟɞɢɚɥɨɝɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹɧɨɜɵɟɫɥɨɜɚɢɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ

Ɂɚɩɨɦɧɢɬɟɫɥɨɜɚɢɫɥɨɜɨɫɨɱɟɬɚɧɢɹ
1. lunch [l ntǏ] - ɥɟɧɱɨɛɟɞ
to have lunch - ɨɛɟɞɚɬɶ
2. after >ĮIWԥ@ - ɩɨɫɥɟ
3. to [tԥ@ - ɜɧɚɤ ɩɪɟɞɥɨɝɜɵɪɚɠɚɸɳɢɣɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ
ɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɹ)
4. to go [gou] - ɢɞɬɢ
to go to the office
5. to know [nou] - ɡɧɚɬɶ
6. different [ƍGÕIUԥQW@ - ɪɚɡɧɵɣ, ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɣ
7. seldom [ƍseldԥP@ - ɪɟɞɤɨ
8. a customer [ƍk stԥPԥ@ - ɡɚɤɚɡɱɢɤ
9. every [ƍHYUÕ@ - ɤɚɠɞɵɣ
10. a day [deÕ@ - ɞɟɧɶ
11. when [wen] - ɤɨɝɞɚ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟɫɥɨɜɨ
12. usually [ƍju: uԥlÕ@ - ɨɛɵɱɧɨ
13. to stay [steÕ@ - ɧɚɯɨɞɢɬɶɫɹɨɫɬɚɜɚɬɶɫɹ
to stay in the office
14. all [฀:l] - ɜɟɫɶ, ɜɫɹ, ɜɫɺ, ɜɫɟ
15. often [ƍ฀fԥQ@ - ɱɚɫɬɨ
16. to read [ri:d] - ɱɢɬɚɬɶ
17. to write >UDÕW@ - ɩɢɫɚɬɶ
18. to do [du:] - ɞɟɥɚɬɶ
19. to be busy [ƍEÕ]Õ@ - ɛɵɬɶ ɡɚɧɹɬɵɦ
20. always [ƍ฀:lwԥ]@ - ɜɫɟɝɞɚ
21. till >WÕO@ - ɞɨ
22. o’clock [ԥƍkl฀k] - ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɟɬɫɹɞɥɹɭɤɚɡɚɧɢɹɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ
at 9 o’clock - ɜ 9 ɱɚɫɨɜ
38

23. to finish [ƍIÕQÕǏ] - ɤɨɧɱɚɬɶ


24. work [wԥN@ - ɪɚɛɨɬɚ
25. home [houm] - ɞɨɦ, ɠɢɥɢɳɟ
at home - ɞɨɦɚ
to stay (to be) at home - ɧɚɯɨɞɢɬɶɫɹ (ɛɵɬɶ) ɞɨɦɚ
26. to come (go) home - ɩɪɢɯɨɞɢɬɶ (ɢɞɬɢ) ɞɨɦɨɣ
27. an evening [ƍLYQÕƾ@ - ɜɟɱɟɪ
in the evening (morning) - ɜɟɱɟɪɨɦ (ɭɬɪɨɦ)
28. sometimes [ƍs PWDÕP]@ - ɢɧɨɝɞɚ
29. to go out [ƍgou ƍaut] - ɡɞ. ɩɪɨɜɨɞɢɬɶ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɜɧɟ ɞɨɦɚ
30. but [b t] - ɧɨ
31. a book [buk] - ɤɧɢɝɚ
32. to watch television - ɫɦɨɬɪɟɬɶ ɬɟɥɟɜɢɡɨɪ
[ƍw฀tǏʭteli:ƍYÕ n]
33. really [ƍUÕԥOÕ@ - ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ

Ɂɚɩɨɦɧɢɬɟ ɮɪɚɡɭ:
That sounds [saundz] nice! - ɑɭɞɟɫɧɨ!

TEXT
After Lunch
After Ѭlunch Lavƍrov, his ƍfriend and Mr. ƍBell ƍgo to the ѭsitting-room.

Lavrov: I ƍknow your ƍcompany is ƍvery ѭlarge, Mr. Bell.


Bell: ѭYes, we’ve ƍgot ƍoffices in ƍdifferent ѭcities. I ƍmeet our ƍcustomers every
ѭday.
Lavrov: Oh, Ѭreally! And ƍwhen do you ƍusually ƍcome to the ѭoffice?
Bell: At 9 in the ѭmorning.
Lavrov: ƍDo you ƍstay in the ƍoffice ƍall Ѭday?
Bell: I ѭoften do. I ƍread ƍcables and Ѭtelexes and ƍwrite ѭletters.
Lavrov: I ƍdo that in my ƍoffice in ƍMoscow ѭtoo.
Bell: ƍAre you ƍalways ƍvery Ѭbusy?
Lavrov: ѭYes, ƍvery ƍbusy till ƍ6 o’ѭclock.
Bell: I ƍfinish my ƍwork at 6 Ѭtoo and ƍcome ƍhome at ѭ7.
Lavrov: ƍDo you ƍalways ƍstay at ƍhome in the Ѭevenings?
Bell: ѭNot always. ƍSometimes we go Ѭout, but ƍsometimes we ƍstay at Ѭhome and
ƍread Ѭbooks or ƍwatch teleѭvision.
Lavrov: ƍThat ƍsounds ѭnice.

ȽɈȼɈɊɂɌȿɉɈ-ȺɇȽɅɂɃɋɄɂ

ɍɩɪ 9. ɉɨɛɟɫɟɞɭɣɬɟɞɪɭɝɫɞɪɭɝɨɦɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹɞɢɚɥɨɝɢ-ɦɨɞɟɥɢ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 1. – I finish my work at ѭ5. And what about ѭyou?


39

– I ѭdon’t finish my work at 5. I finish my work at ѭ6.

1. I stay at home in the evenings. (to go out)


2. I watch television every evening. (to read books)
3. We meet customers in the evening. (in the morning)
4. Our engineers have lunch at 11 o’clock. (at 12)

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 2. – My friend finishes his work at ѭ5. And what about your ѭfriend?
– My friend ѭdoesn’t finish his work at 5. He finishes his work at ѭ6.

1. Our manager stays in the office all day. (till 5)


2. Our secretary reads cables and telexes in the morning. (after lunch)
3. My friend reads books in the evening. (to watch television)

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 3. – I come to the office at 10 in the ѭmorning.


– Do you Ѭreally come to the office at 10?
– ѭYes, I ѭdo.

1. I go out every evening.


2. My children watch television every day.
3. Our engineers meet customers every morning.
4. We finish our work at 5.

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 4. – I know Mr. Bell comes to the office at ѭ8.


– Does he Ѭreally come to the office at 8?
– ѭYes, he ѭdoes.

1. I know Nancy stays in the office after 6.


2. I know Mr. Bell has lunch at 3 every day.
3. I know Susan watches television after 9 in the evening.
4. I know Lavrov often goes to London.

ɍɩɪ . ɋɤɚɠɢɬɟ ɱɬɨ ɜɵ ɞɟɥɚɟɬɟ ɬɨ ɠɟ ɫɚɦɨɟ ɍɩɨɬɪɟɛɢɬɟ ɨɞɧɨ ɢɡ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɯ ɫɥɨɜ
always, often, sometimes, usually, seldom.

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ: – I come to the office at ѭ10.


– I sometimes come to the office at 10 ѭtoo.

1. I have lunch at 2.
2. I stay in the office all day.
3. Our manager meets customers in the morning.
4. Our secretary reads cables and telexes in the morning.
5. My wife (husband) comes home at 7 in the evening.
6. Our engineers are busy till 6 o’clock.
7. My children watch television after lunch.
8. My friend’s son (daughter) is at home at 4.
40

ɍɩɪ1. ɉɨɛɟɫɟɞɭɣɬɟɞɪɭɝɫɞɪɭɝɨɦɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹɞɢɚɥɨɝ-ɦɨɞɟɥɶ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ: – I don’t come to the office at ѭ9.


– When do you usually come to the ѭoffice?
– I always come to the office at ѭ8.

1. I don’t finish my work at 6. (at 7)


2. Our manager doesn’t meet customers in the morning. (after lunch)
3. My child is small. He doesn’t watch television in the evening. (in the morning)
4. Mr. Bell doesn’t come at 6. (at 7)
5. Our engineers don’t have lunch at 3. (at 2)
6. My son (daughter) doesn’t read books after lunch. (in the evening)
ɍɩɪ12. ɋɤɚɠɢɬɟɨɬɜɟɬɧɵɟɪɟɩɥɢɤɢɜɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢɫɨɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɦɢɦɨɞɟɥɹɦɢ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 1. – I come to the office at ѭ8 every day.


– And I ѭdon’t come to the office at 8. I come to the office at ѭ9.

1. My friend writes letters to the customers in the evening.


2. My child watches television after lunch.
3. I always stay at home in the evening.
4. The manager of the office usually meets customers at 11 o’clock in the morning.
5. Our engineers have lunch at 1.
6. We finish our work at 7.
7. I stay in the office till 4 o’clock.

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 2. – I finish my work at ѭ3.


– Do you Ѭreally finish your work at 3? And I finish my work at ѭ6.

1. Our secretary comes to the office at 8.


2. Our engineers meet customers in the evening.
3. Our manager stays in the office till 9 in the evening.
4. The economist of our offices finishes his work at 5.
5. I always have lunch at 4.

ɍɩɪ3. ɉɨɩɪɨɫɢɬɟɫɨɛɟɫɟɞɧɢɤɚɧɟɞɟɥɚɬɶɱɟɝɨ-ɥɢɛɨ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ: Don’t stay in the office after ѭ6.

1. to watch television after 10.


2. to read telexes and cables now.
3. to write letters now.
4. to meet the customers after lunch.
5. to finish the work now.
6. to read this book.

ɍɩɪ 14.* ɏɨɪɨɲɨɥɢɜɵɩɨɦɧɢɬɟɚɪɬɢɤɥɢ"


ɚ ȼɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɚɪɬɢɤɥɢɝɞɟɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ
ɛ ɉɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɬɟɤɫɬɟɳɟɪɚɡ
41

ɜ Ɂɚɞɚɣɬɟɞɪɭɝɞɪɭɝɭɜɨɩɪɨɫɵɨɪɚɛɨɱɟɦɞɧɟɉɟɬɪɨɜɚ
ɝ Ɋɚɫɫɤɚɠɢɬɟɨɟɝɨɪɚɛɨɱɟɦɞɧɟ

Lavrov has got … friend. His name is Petrov. He is … engineer of Soyuzexport. It is


… large company. They’ve got … customers in … different cities. At 9 o’clock Petrov comes
to his office. He stays in … office all day. In … morning he reads … cables and telexes, and
after lunch he writes … letters to … different companies.
Petrov usually finishes his work at 6 in … evening, but sometimes he stays in …
office till 7 o’clock.

ɍɩɪ 5. ɉɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟ ɢ ɩɟɪɟɜɟɞɢɬɟ ɞɢɚɥɨɝ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹ ɧɨɜɭɸ ɥɟɤɫɢɤɭ ɡɚɞɚɣɬɟ ɤ ɧɟɦɭ
ɜɨɩɪɨɫɵɢɜɨɫɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɞɢɬɟɟɝɨ

Ɂɚɩɨɦɧɢɬɟɧɨɜɵɟɫɥɨɜɚ
1. at weekends [ƍwi:kendz] - ɜɤɨɧɰɟɧɟɞɟɥɢ
2. a place >SOHÕV@ - ɦɟɫɬɨ
3. there [ƍðİԥ@ - ɬɚɦ
4. near >QÕԥ@ - ɨɤɨɥɨ

Lavrov: What do you usually do at weekends, Mr. Bell?


Bell: Oh, at weekends we often go to Brighton [ƍEUDÕWԥQ@
Lavrov: Brighton? Is it a nice place?
Bell: Yes, it’s a very nice place near London. We go to Brighton in the morning and
stay there all day.
Lavrov: That sounds nice.
Bell: But we don’t always go out at weekends. Sometimes we stay at home and meet
our friends or watch television.
Lavrov: We often do that at weekends too.

ɍɩɪ6.* Ɋɚɫɫɤɚɠɢɬɟ: ɚ ɨɜɚɲɟɦɪɚɛɨɱɟɦɞɧɟ

1. What are you?


2. Is your company large or small?
3. When do you usually come to the office?
4. Do you always stay in the office all day?
5. Are you very busy all day?
6. When do you finish your work?
7. When do you come home in the evening?
8. What do you sometimes do at home in the evenings?

ɛ ɨɜɵɯɨɞɧɵɯɞɧɹɯɜɚɲɟɝɨɞɪɭɝɚ

1. To what place does your friend sometimes go at weekends?


2. Is it a nice place?
3. Does he go there with his family?
4. When does he come there?
5. Does he stay there all day?
6. When does he come home in the evening?
7. What does he do in the evening at home?
42

8. Does he often or seldom meet his friends at weekends?

ɍɊɈɄ 6

Ɏɨɧɟɬɢɤɚ: Ɂɜɭɤ >DÕԥ@


Ƚɪɚɦɦɚɬɢɤɚ: 1. ȼɨɩɪɨɫɵ ɤ ɩɨɞɥɟɠɚɳɟɦɭ.
2. ɉɪɢɥɚɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ many, much.
3. Ɋɚɫɱɥɟɧɟɧɧɵɟ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɵ.
Ɍɟɤɫɬ: Is it Difficult for You to Learn English?

ɎɈɇȿɌɂɄȺ

ɍɩɪɉɪɨɢɡɧɟɫɢɬɟɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟɡɜɭɤɢɡɜɭɤɨɫɨɱɟɬɚɧɢɹɚɡɚɬɟɦɫɥɨɜɚ:

[aÕԥ] [tw] [tr] [fr] [pl]


faÕԥ twelv traÕ fraÕ pleÕt
taÕԥd ƍtwentÕ tri: fri: SOHÕn
kwaÕԥW twaÕs tri:t fri:z plĮ:nt
rÕƍkwaÕԥ twi:d træm frend pli:z
ÕnƍkwaÕԥrÕ treÕn ƍple ԥ

[i: – Õ – e] [æ – – ฀] [ – ฀ – ฀:]

fi: – IÕO– fel kæt – k t – k฀t k t – k฀t – k฀:t


ri:d – UÕG– red læk – l k – l฀k Ǐ t – Ǐ฀t – Ǐ฀:t
si:t – VÕW– set sæƾ– s ƾ– s฀ƾ tǏ k – tǏ฀k – tǏ฀:k

ɍɩɪɉɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɫɥɨɜɚɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨɩɪɚɜɢɥɚɦɱɬɟɧɢɹ

talk, worse, summer, port, chose, hard, lamp, fire, much, match, pay, tractor, rain, tire, shirt,
play, coin, teacher, film.

ȽɊȺɆɆȺɌɂɄȺ

ȼɨɩɪɨɫɵɤɩɨɞɥɟɠɚɳɟɦɭ

ȼ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɟ ɤ ɩɨɞɥɟɠɚɳɟɦɭ ɫɤɚɡɭɟɦɨɟ ɫɬɨɢɬ ɜ -ɟɦ ɥɢɰɟ ɟɞɢɧɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɱɢɫɥɚ


Ʉɪɚɬɤɢɣ ɨɬɜɟɬ ɧɚ ɬɚɤɨɣ ɜɨɩɪɨɫ ɫɨɫɬɨɢɬ ɢɡ ɩɨɞɥɟɠɚɳɟɝɨ ɢ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɟɣ ɮɨɪɦɵ
ɝɥɚɝɨɥɨɜto be ɢɥɢto have.
Ⱦɥɹ ɜɫɟɯ ɨɫɬɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɝɥɚɝɨɥɨɜ ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɚɹ ɮɨɪɦɚ
ɜɫɩɨɦɨɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨɝɥɚɝɨɥɚdo.

Ɉɛɪɚɡɟɰ:
– Who is the president of your company?
– Mr. Brown is.
– Who has got a large family?
– My friends have.
– Who comes to the office at 9?
43

– Our engineers do.

ɍɩɪɚɠɧɟɧɢɟ 3. Ɍɪɟɧɢɪɭɣɬɟɦɨɞɟɥɢ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 1. – Who is the manager of Bell & ѭCo?


- ѭI am.

| the secretary of your office?


| your office manager?
Who is | the secretary of Mr. Bell’s office?
| the president of your company?
Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 2. – Who has got a large ѭflat?
- ѭI have.

| three children?
| a nice secretary?
Who has got | a three-flat in Moscow?
| a large office?
| a comfortable sitting-room?
Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 3. – Who meets customers in your ѭoffice?
– Our manager does.

| writes letters |
Who | reads cables | in your office?
| writes telexes |

2. ɉɪɢɥɚɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ many, much


ɉɪɢɥɚɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ many «ɦɧɨɝɨ» ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɟɬɫɹɫɢɫɱɢɫɥɹɟɦɵɦɢɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɦɢ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ Our manager writes many letters every day.

| | | letters |
| reads | | telexes |
My friend | writes | many | cables | every day.
| | | offers |

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 2. – How many children have you ѭgot?


– I’ve got ѭtwo children.

| children |
| rooms|
How many | armchairs | have you got?
| friends |
| books |
| customers |
44
ɉɪɢɥɚɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ much ©ɦɧɨɝɨª ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɫ ɧɟɢɫɱɢɫɥɹɟɦɵɦɢ
ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɦɢ
Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 3. I don’t drink much coffee in the morning.

I | don’t | | | coffee |
My elder son | doesn’t | drink | much | tea | in the morning.
| | | | milk |

3. Ɋɚɫɱɥɟɧɟɧɧɵɟ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɵ
Ɋɚɫɱɥɟɧɟɧɧɵɟ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɵ ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɸɬɫɹ, ɤɨɝɞɚ ɝɨɜɨɪɹɳɢɣ ɨɠɢɞɚɟɬ ɨɬ ɫɨɛɟɫɟɞɧɢɤɚ
ɩɨɞɬɜɟɪɠɞɟɧɢɹ ɜɵɫɤɚɡɚɧɧɨɣ ɦɵɫɥɢ ȼ ɪɭɫɫɤɨɦ ɹɡɵɤɟ ɢɦ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɬ ɨɛɨɪɨɬɵ ©ɧɟ
ɬɚɤɥɢ"ª©ɧɟɩɪɚɜɞɚɥɢ"ª
Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 4. – Nancy is a ѭgood secretary, Ѭisn’t she?
- ѭYes, she is.

Lavrov | | a young man, | |


You | is | very busy all day, | isn’t | he?
Your ɪresident | are | in London now, | aren’t | they?
Our engineers | | at the lesson now, | | you?

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 5. – Lavrov has got a flat in ѭMoscow, Ѭhasn’t he?


- ѭYes, he ѭhas.

| | a large family, | |
Mrs. Bell | | a nice house, | hasn’t | she?
Your friends | has got | a two-room flat, | haven’t | they?
You | have got | many books at home, | | you?

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 6. – Lavrov sometimes goes to ѭLondon, Ѭdoesn’t he?


- ѭYes, he ѭdoes.

| comes to the office at 9, |


| meets customers in the morning, |
Mr. Bell | stays in the office till 6, | doesn’t he?
| goes to Brighton at weekends, |
| watches television in the evening, |

Ɋɟɱɟɜɵɟɦɨɞɟɥɢ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ We usually have lessons in the ѭmorning.

I | | | |
Our office manager | sometimes | | lunch | at 12.
Pavlov | often | have | talks | in the morning.
We | seldom | has | lessons | in the evening.
Our engineers | | | |
Our secretary | | | |
45

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ It’s a pleasure to stay at home in the ѭevenings.

| to watch television.
| to go to London.
| to read good books.
It’s a pleasure | to meet friends at weekends.
| to come home after work.
| to go out in the evenings.

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ It’s difficult (for me) to write many letters every ѭday.

| to stay in the office till 7 |


| to read many cables |
It’s difficult (for me) | to meet many customers | every day.
| to finish work at 8 |
| to come to the office at 8 |

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 4. – Is Brighton a Ѭlarge city?


– ѭNo, I ѭdon’t think so.

– Is Smolensk a Ѭlarge city?


– ѭYes, I ѭthink so.

Is it difficult to meet many customers every day? |


Is Jim Mr. Bell’s elder son? |
Is Lavrov’s family in London? | No, I don’t think so.
Does your manager meet customers in the evening? | Yes, I think so.
Are Lavrov’s children nice? |
Is Lavrov’s wife a young woman? |

ɍɩɪ. ɉɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɢɩɟɪɟɜɟɞɢɬɟɬɟɤɫɬɢɞɢɚɥɨɝɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹɧɨɜɭɸɥɟɤɫɢɤɭ

Ɂɚɩɨɦɧɢɬɟɫɥɨɜɚɢɫɥɨɜɨɫɨɱɟɬɚɧɢɹ
1. into [ƍÕntԥ@ - ɜ ɩɪɟɞɥɨɝɜɵɪɚɠɚɸɳɢɣɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ
ɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɹɜɧɭɬɪɶ
2. to want [w฀nt] - ɯɨɬɟɬɶ
3. tea [ti:] - ɱɚɣ
4. coffee [ƍk฀fÕ@ - ɤɨɮɟ
5. please [pli:z] - ɩɨɠɚɥɭɣɫɬɚ
6. to drink [drÕƾk] - ɩɢɬɶ
7. milk [mÕlk] - ɦɨɥɨɤɨ
8. to be tired [taÕԥd] - ɭɫɬɚɜɚɬɶ
9. much [m tǏ] - ɦɧɨɝɨ
10. to speak [spi:k] - ɝɨɜɨɪɢɬɶ
to speak with (to) - ɝɨɜɨɪɢɬɶ, ɪɚɡɝɨɜɚɪɢɜɚɬɶ ɫ ɤɟɦ-ɥɢɛɨ
11. English [ƍÕƾglÕǏ] - ɚɧɝɥɢɣɫɤɢɣ
46

to speak English - ɝɨɜɨɪɢɬɶ ɩɨ-ɚɧɝɥɢɣɫɤɢ


12. pleasure [ƍple ԥ@ - ɭɞɨɜɨɥɶɫɬɜɢɟ
13. to work [wԥN@ - ɪɚɛɨɬɚɬɶ
14. foreign [ƍf฀UÕQ@ - ɢɧɨɫɬɪɚɧɧɵɣ
15. a foreign trade company - ɜɧɟɲɧɟɬɨɪɝɨɜɚɹ ɮɢɪɦɚ
16. to learn [lԥQ@ - ɭɱɢɬɶ
17. a lesson [lesn] - ɭɪɨɤ
18. to have lessons - ɡɚɧɢɦɚɬɶɫɹ ɧɚ ɭɪɨɤɚɯ
19. a week [wi:k] - ɧɟɞɟɥɹ
20. who [hu:] - ɤɬɨ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟɫɥɨɜɨ
21. me [mi:] - ɦɧɟ, ɦɟɧɹ
22. a president [ƍSUH]ÕGHQW@ - ɩɪɟɡɢɞɟɧɬ
23. interesting [ƍÕQWUÕVWÕƾ@ - ɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɧɵɣ
24. to translate >WUĮQVƍOHÕW@ - ɩɟɪɟɜɨɞɢɬɶ
to translate from French
into English - ɩɟɪɟɜɨɞɢɬɶ ɫ ɮɪɚɧɰɭɡɫɤɨɝɨ ɧɚ ɚɧɝɥɢɣɫɤɢɣ
25. to think >șÕƾN@ - ɞɭɦɚɬɶ
26. difficult [ƍGÕIÕNԥOW@ - ɬɪɭɞɧɵɣ
27. to discuss >GÕVƍk s] - ɨɛɫɭɠɞɚɬɶ
28. many [ƍPHQÕ@ - ɦɧɨɝɨ
29. a problem [ƍpr฀blԥP@ - ɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɚ
30. to help [help] - ɩɨɦɨɝɚɬɶ
31. talks [t฀:ks] - ɩɟɪɟɝɨɜɨɪɵ
to have talks - ɜɟɫɬɢ ɩɟɪɟɝɨɜɨɪɵ
at the talks - ɧɚ ɩɟɪɟɝɨɜɨɪɚɯ
32. a language [ƍlæƾJZÕG ] - ɹɡɵɤ
the English language
33. French [frentǏ] - ɮɪɚɧɰɭɡɫɤɢɣ
34. only [ƍounlÕ@ - ɬɨɥɶɤɨ

Ɂɚɩɨɦɧɢɬɟ ɮɪɚɡɵ:
1. I am too tired [ƍWDÕԥG@to (speak English).- ə ɨɱɟɧɶ ɭɫɬɚɥ (ɝɨɜɨɪɢɬɶɩɨ-ɚɧɝɥɢɣɫɤɢ).
2. It’s a pleasure to (speak English). - ɉɪɢɹɬɧɨ ɝɨɜɨɪɢɬɶ ɩɨ-ɚɧɝɥɢɣɫɤɢ 
3. It’s difficult [ƍGÕIÕNԥOW@for me to
(learn English). - Ɇɧɟɬɪɭɞɧɨ ɭɱɢɬɶɚɧɝɥɢɣɫɤɢɣ 
4. I don’t think so. - ɇɟ ɞɭɦɚɸ.

TEXT
Is it Difficult for You to Learn English?
Mrs. ƍBell ƍcomes into the ѭsitting-room.

Mrs. Bell: ƍTea or Ѭcoffee, Mr. Lavrov?


Lavrov: ѭTea, please. I ƍdon’t ƍdrink ѭcoffee.
Mrs. Bell: ƍDo you ƍwant Ѭmilk in your tea?
Lavrov: ѭYes, Ѭthank you, but ƍnot very ѭmuch.
Mrs. Bell: ƍAre you ƍtoo tired ƍto ƍspeak ѬEnglish, Mr. Lavrov?
Lavrov: ѭWho? ѬMe? Oh, ѭno. It’s ƍalways a ƍpleasure to ƍspeak ѭEnglish.
Mrs. Bell: Your ƍEnglish is ƍvery ѭgood.
47

Lavrov: ѬThank you, Mrs. Bell. I work ƍfor a ƍforeign ƍtrade Ѭcompany and ƍlearn
ƍEnglish in my ѭoffice.
Mrs. Bell: How ƍoften do you ƍhave ѭlessons?
Lavrov: We have ƍfour lessons ƍevery ѭweek.
Mrs. Bell: ƍIs it Ѭdifficult for you to learn English?
Lavrov: I ѭdon’t think so.
Mrs. Bell: Your ƍwork ѭhelps you, Ѭdoesn’t it?
Lavrov: It ѭcertainly does. I ƍoften ƍspeak English at the Ѭtalks and disƍcuss ƍdifferent
ƍproblems with our ѭcustomers. And how ƍmany ƍforeign ƍlanguages do ѭyou
speak, Mrs. Bell?
Mrs. Bell: ƍOnly ѭone – ѭFrench and ƍnot ƍvery ѭwell.
ɉɪɢɦɟɱɚɧɢɟWho? Me? – Ʉɬɨ"ə"
ȽɈȼɈɊɂɌȿɉɈ-ȺɇȽɅɂɃɋɄɂ

ɍɩɪ. ɉɨɛɟɫɟɞɭɣɬɟɞɪɭɝɫɞɪɭɝɨɦɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹɞɚɧɧɵɟɦɨɞɟɥɢ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ – Nancy ѭdoesn’t write letters in the ѭoffice.


– And ѭwho writes letters?
– ѭSally does.
1. Mr. Black doesn’t meet customers in the office. (Mr. Bell)
2. My son doesn’t drink coffee in the morning. (my husband)
3. Petrov doesn’t often go to London. (Lavrov)
4. Our secretary doesn’t learn English. (our engineers)
5. Our secretary doesn’t translate letters. (our engineers)

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 2. – Mr. Black hasn’t got an office in ѭLondon.


– ѭWho has got an office in London?
– Mr. ѭBell has.

1. Stepanov hasn’t got a three-room flat. (Lavrov)


2. Lavrov hasn’t got three children. (Mr. Bell)
3. Mr. Brown hasn’t got a house in London. (Mr. Bell)
4. My family hasn’t got a large flat. (my friend)
5. Nancy hasn’t got a carpet in the sitting-room. (Mrs. Bell)

ɍɩɪ. 6. ɉɨɛɟɫɟɞɭɣɬɟɞɪɭɝɫɞɪɭɝɨɦɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹɞɢɚɥɨɝɢ-ɦɨɞɟɥɢ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 1. – Does your friend know foreign Ѭlanguages?


– ѭYes, he ѭdoes.
– Haw many ѭlanguages does he know?
– He knows ѭtwo languages.

1. Do you have English lessons every week?


2. Do the engineers of your office learn foreign languages?
3. Do you translate English letters every day?
4. Does your wife speak foreign languages?
48

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ 2. – Nancy drinks coffee every ѭday.


– Does she drink Ѭmuch coffee?
– ѭYes, she ѭdoes (ѭNo, she ѭdoesn’t).

1. My son drinks tea every day.


2. My daughter drinks milk every morning.
3. My children drink coffee with milk every day.
4. My friend’s wife drinks coffee every morning.
5. Mrs. Bell drinks tea with milk at lunch.

ɍɩɪ. Ɂɚɞɚɣɬɟɜɨɩɪɨɫɵɫɨɛɟɫɟɞɧɢɤɭɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹɞɚɧɧɭɸɦɨɞɟɥɶ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ. – Your manager speaks good English, Ѭdoesn’t he?


- ѭYes, he ѭdoes.

1. to work at the Ministry of Foreign Trade. (Lavrov)


2. to translate letters from Russian into English. (You)
3. to discuss many problems at the talks. (Your engineers)
4. to speak English to customers. (Your president)
5. to have got a nice flat in London. (Nancy)
6. to be tired after his work. (Mr. Bell)

ɍɩɪ. ɉɨɛɟɫɟɞɭɣɬɟɞɪɭɝɫɞɪɭɝɨɦɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹɦɨɞɟɥɶ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ. – I usually have lunch at ѭ2. And when do ѭyou have lunch?
– I don’t have lunch at ѭ2. I have lunch at ѭ3.

1. Sometimes (to have talks).


2. Sometimes (to have lessons).
3. Often (to have lunch).

ɍɩɪ. Ɂɚɞɚɣɬɟɜɨɩɪɨɫɵɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹɦɨɞɟɥɶ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ. – My son drinks coffee.


– My daughter drinks milk.
– Who drinks coffee and who drinks milk?

1. Lavrov learns English. Pavlov learns French.


2. Nancy writes letters. Mr. Jackson translates cables.
3. Lavrov has got a flat in Moscow. Mr. Bell has got a house in London.
4. Mr. Bell is the company manager. Stepanov is the office manager.
5. Lavrov speaks English. Mr. Bell speaks French.

ɍɩɪ. Ɋɚɫɫɤɚɠɢɬɟɨɜɚɲɟɣɪɚɛɨɬɟ

1. Where do you work?


2. Your company is large, isn’t it?
49

3. How many engineers work for your company?


4. How often do you meet customers in your office?

***
1. When do you come to your office?
2. What do you do in the office?
3. You discuss many problems at the talks, don’t you?
4. When do you have lunch?
5. What do you do in your office after lunch?

***
1. Who is the manager of your office?
2. He knows foreign languages, doesn’t he?
3. How many foreign languages does he speak?
4. Does he know English?
5. Does he speak good English?

***
1. Do you learn a foreign language?
2. How often do you have English lessons?
3. Is it difficult for you to learn English?
4. What do you do at the lessons?
5. Does your work help you to learn English?
***
1. Is it a pleasure to learn English?
2. Are your lessons interesting?
3. Do you have English lessons in the morning or in the evening?
4. Are you sometimes tired after lessons?
5. Where do you go after the lessons?

ɍɩɪ .* ɂɬɚɤ ɜɵ ɩɨɡɧɚɤɨɦɢɥɢɫɶ ɫ ɝ-ɧɨɦ Ȼɟɥɥɨɦ ɢ Ʌɚɜɪɨɜɵɦ ɑɬɨ ɜɵ ɦɨɠɟɬɟ
ɪɚɫɫɤɚɡɚɬɶ ɨ Ʌɚɜɪɨɜɟ ɟɝɨ ɪɚɛɨɬɟ ɟɝɨ ɫɟɦɶɟ ɨ ɡɚɧɹɬɢɹɯ Ʌɚɜɪɨɜɚ
ɚɧɝɥɢɣɫɤɢɦɹɡɵɤɨɦɨɝ-ɧɟȻɟɥɥɟɟɝɨɮɢɪɦɟɢɟɝɨɪɚɛɨɱɟɦɞɧɟɨɫɟɦɶɟɝ-
ɧɚȻɟɥɥɚɟɝɨɞɨɦɟɢɨɬɨɦɤɚɤɨɧɢɩɪɨɜɨɞɹɬɫɜɨɢɜɵɯɨɞɧɵɟɞɧɢ

ɍɩɪɚ ɉɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɩɟɪɟɜɟɞɢɬɟɢɜɨɫɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɞɢɬɟɷɬɨɬɞɢɚɥɨɝ

Ɂɚɩɨɦɧɢɬɟɧɨɜɵɟɫɥɨɜɚɢɮɪɚɡɵ
1. the Ministry for Foreign Economic Relations - Ɇɢɧɢɫɬɟɪɫɬɜɨ ȼɧɟɲɧɟ-
>Õkԥƍn฀mÕk] ɷɤɨɧɨɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɫɜɹɡɟɣ
2. I’m sorry. [ƍs฀rÕ@ - Ʉ ɫɨɠɚɥɟɧɢɸ, ɢɡɜɢɧɢɬɟ.
3. Good-bye. [gudƍbaÕ@ - Ⱦɨ ɫɜɢɞɚɧɢɹ.
4. You are welcome. [ƍwelkԥP@ - ɇɟ ɫɬɨɢɬ. ɜɨɬɜɟɬɧɚ ɛɥɚɝɨɞɚɪɧɨɫɬɶ 

Nancy: Bell and Co. Good morning.


Pavlov: Good morning. This is Pavlov from the Ministry for Foreign Economic Relations.
Is Mr. Bell there?
Nancy: No, he isn’t in his office now.
Pavlov: What’s about Mr. Blake?
Nancy: I’m sorry. Mr. Blake’s busy now.
Pavlov: Thank you. Good-bye.
50

Nancy: You are welcome.

ɍɩɪ. ȺɬɟɩɟɪɶɧɟɦɧɨɝɨɸɦɨɪɚɉɪɨɱɬɢɬɟɞɢɚɥɨɝɊɚɫɫɤɚɠɢɬɟɨɱɟɥɨɜɟɤɟɤɨɬɨɪɨɝɨ
ɡɧɚɟɬȻɟɬɫɢ

Ɂɚɩɨɦɧɢɬɟɧɨɜɵɟɫɥɨɜɚ
1. lazy [ƍleÕzÕ@ - ɥɟɧɢɜɵɣ
2. never [ƍnevԥ@ - ɧɢɤɨɝɞɚ

Ann has got a friend. Her friend’s name is Betsy. Betsy knows a lazy man.

Ann: Does he always come to the office at 9?


Betsy: No, he never comes to the office at 9.
Ann: Does he often stay in the office after 6?
Betsy: No, he never stays in the office after 6.
Ann: Does he always help in the house?
Betsy: No, he never helps in the house.
Ann: Does he often go out in the evenings?
Betsy: No, he never goes out in the evenings.
Ann: Does he usually watch television in the evenings?
Betsy: He always does.
Ann: Who is this man?
Betsy: It’s my husband.

ɍɊɈɄ

Ƚɪɚɦɦɚɬɢɤɚ Ʉɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹthere is/are


2. Ƚɥɚɝɨɥ to be ɜ ɩɪɨɫɬɨɦ ɩɪɨɲɟɞɲɟɦ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ(The Simple Past Tense).
3. ɉɨɪɹɞɤɨɜɵɟɱɢɫɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ
4. Ɇɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɹ some, any.
Ɍɟɤɫɬ: There is no Place like Home.

ȽɊȺɆɆȺɌɂɄȺ

1. Ʉɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹthere is/are

Ʉɨɝɞɚ ɧɭɠɧɨ ɫɨɨɛɳɢɬɶ ɨ ɬɨɦ ɱɬɨ ɢɡɜɟɫɬɧɵɣ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬ ɥɢɰɨ  ɧɚɯɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɜ


ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɨɦ ɦɟɫɬɟ ɬɨ ɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ ɧɚɱɢɧɚɸɬ ɫ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɚɸɳɟɝɨ
ɞɚɧɧɵɣɩɪɟɞɦɟɬ ɥɢɰɨ ɋɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟɜɷɬɨɦɫɥɭɱɚɟɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɟɬɫɹɫɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɦ
ɚɪɬɢɤɥɟɦ
Ʉɨɝɞɚ ɧɭɠɧɨ ɫɨɨɛɳɢɬɶ ɨ ɬɨɦ ɱɬɨ ɜ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɨɦ ɦɟɫɬɟ ɧɚɯɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɤɚɤɨɣ-ɧɢɛɭɞɶ
ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬ ɥɢɰɨ ɬɨɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɧɚɱɢɧɚɸɬɫɨɛɨɪɨɬɚthere is/are.
Ɏɨɪɦɚ ɝɥɚɝɨɥɚ to be (is, are) ɡɚɜɢɫɢɬ ɨɬ ɬɨɝɨ ɜ ɤɚɤɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ ɫɬɨɢɬ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟ ɡɚ
ɧɟɣɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ
There is a table in the room.
There are two armchairs in Mr. Bell’s sitting-room.

ɍɩɪɋɪɚɜɧɢɬɟɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɢɢɯɩɟɪɟɜɨɞ

1. The telex is on the desk. – Ɍɟɥɟɤɫ ɧɚ ɫɬɨɥɟ.


There is a telex on the table. – ɇɚ ɫɬɨɥɟ ɬɟɥɟɤɫ.
2. The engineers are in the office. – ɂɧɠɟɧɟɪɵ ɜ ɤɨɧɬɨɪɟ.
There are engineers in the office. – ȼ ɤɨɧɬɨɪɟ ɢɧɠɟɧɟɪɵ.
51

ɍɩɪɉɪɨɱɬɢɬɟɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɢɩɟɪɟɜɟɞɢɬɟɢɯɧɚɪɭɫɫɤɢɣɹɡɵɤ

1. There are three pencils on the desk: white, green and black.
2. There is a sofa in their sitting-room.
3. There is a table in our office.
4. There is a telephone and a telex on the table.
5. There are many cables on the desk.

ɍɩɪȼɦɟɫɬɨɩɪɨɩɭɫɤɨɜɩɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɭɸɮɨɪɦɭɝɥɚɝɨɥɚ to be.

1. There … a desk in my office.


2. There … a telephone and many cables on the desk.
3. There … many letters on the secretary’s desk.
4. There … armchairs and a sofa in our sitting-room.
5. There … a sitting-room, a children’s room and a kitchen in my flat.

Ⱦɥɹ ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ ɨɬɪɢɰɚɧɢɹ ɜ ɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɯ ɫ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɟɣ there is/are


ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɟɬɫɹɨɬɪɢɰɚɧɢɟno.

ɍɩɪɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟɪɟɱɟɜɭɸɦɨɞɟɥɶ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ: There is no pen on the table.

1. books; 2. pencil; 3. letters; 4. cables; 5. telephone; 6. offers; 7. contract.

ȼ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɯ ɫ ɨɛɨɪɨɬɨɦ there is/are ɮɨɪɦɵ ɝɥɚɝɨɥɚ to be


ɫɬɚɜɹɬɫɹɧɚɩɟɪɜɨɟɦɟɫɬɨ

ɍɩɪ5. Ɂɚɞɚɣɬɟɜɨɩɪɨɫɵɩɨɨɛɪɚɡɰɚɦ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ: – Are there many engineers in your company?


– Yes, there are. (No, there aren’t.)

1. many armchairs in your sitting-room; 2. a desk in your children’s room; 3. many cables on
the secretary’s desk; 4. a telephone on the president’s table; 5. three letters with the offers on
the desk.

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ: – What is there in your sitting-room?


– There is a sofa there.

1. my kitchen; 2. our office; 3. their company; 4. their children’s room.

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ: – There are many engineers in your company, aren’t there?


– Yes, there are.

1. two children in my family; 2. many companies in our city; 3. three economists in our firm;
4. a red sofa in your sitting-room; 5. a nice carpet in your children’s room.

2. Ƚɥɚɝɨɥ to be ɜ Past Simple


52

Ƚɥɚɝɨɥ to be ɜ ɩɪɨɲɟɞɲɟɦ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ ɢɦɟɟɬ ɮɨɪɦɭ was ɞɥɹ -ɝɨ ɢ -ɝɨ ɥɢɰɚ
ɟɞɢɧɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɱɢɫɥɚ ɢ were ɞɥɹ -ɝɨ ɥɢɰɚ ɟɞɢɧɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɱɢɫɥɚ ɢ ɜɫɟɯ ɥɢɰ
ɦɧɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨɱɢɫɥɚ

ɍɬɜɟɪɞɢɬɟɥɶɧɚɹɮɨɪɦɚ Ɉɬɪɢɰɚɬɟɥɶɧɚɹɮɨɪɦɚ
I was an economist. I was not (wasn’t) … .
You were an economist. You were not (weren’t) … .
He was an economist. He was not (wasn’t) … .
She was an economist. She was not (wasn’t) … .
It was a table. It was not (wasn’t) … .
We were economists. We were not (weren’t) … .
You were economists. You were not (weren’t) … .
They were economists. They were not (weren’t) … .

ȼɨɩɪɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɚɹɮɨɪɦɚ Ʉɪɚɬɤɢɟɨɬɜɟɬɵ
Was I … ? Yes (No), I was (wasn’t).
Were you … ? Yes (No), you were (weren’t).
Was he … ? Yes (No), he was (wasn’t).
Was she … ? Yes (No), she was (wasn’t).
Was it … ? Yes (No), it was (wasn’t).
Were we … ? Yes (No), we were (weren’t).
Were you … ? Yes (No), you were (weren’t).
Were they … ? Yes (No), they were (weren’t).

ɍɩɪɁɚɞɚɣɬɟɜɨɩɪɨɫɵɢɞɚɣɬɟɨɬɜɟɬɵɩɨɦɨɞɟɥɢ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ: – Was the President of the company in the office in the morning?
– No, he wasn’t. He was at home.

1. Mr. Bell/at home; 2. Mrs. Bell/in the sitting-room; 3. Nancy/in the kitchen; 4. the
secretary/in the office; 5. Lavrov’s sons/ in the children’s room; 6. the engineers/ at the talks;
7. my husband/ at lunch.

3. ɉɨɪɹɞɤɨɜɵɟɱɢɫɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ

ɉɨɪɹɞɤɨɜɵɟ ɱɢɫɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɡɚ ɢɫɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟɦ ɩɟɪɜɵɯ ɬɪɟɯ ɨɛɪɚɡɭɸɬɫɹ ɨɬ


ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯɱɢɫɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯɫɩɨɦɨɳɶɸɫɭɮɮɢɤɫɚ -th.
Ɉɛɪɚɬɢɬɟ ɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ ɧɚ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɟ ɩɪɚɜɨɩɢɫɚɧɢɹ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɯ ɩɨɪɹɞɤɨɜɵɯ
ɱɢɫɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ
five – fifth
twelve – twelfth
eight – eighth
nine – ninth
twenty – twentieth
ɋɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɩɟɪɟɞ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɦ ɫɬɨɢɬɩɨɪɹɞɤɨɜɨɟ ɱɢɫɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɫ
ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɦɚɪɬɢɤɥɟɦɇɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ the sixth lesson.

the 1st – first the 20th – twentieth


the 2nd – second the 30th – thirtieth
the 3rd – third the 40th – fortieth
the 4th – fourth the 50th – fiftieth
the 5th – fifth the 60th – sixtieth
the 6th – sixth the 70th – seventieth
53

the 7th – seventh the 80th – eightieth


the 8th – eighth the 90th – ninetieth
the 9th – ninth the 21st – twenty-first
the 10th – tenth the 43rd – forty-third
the 11th – eleventh the 52nd – fifty-second
the 12th – twelfth the 67th – sixty-seventh
the 13th – thirteenth the 85th – eighty-fifth
the 14th – fourteenth the 99th – ninety-ninth
the 15th – fifteenth
the 16th – sixteenth
the 17th – seventeenth
the 18th – eighteenth
the 19th – nineteenth
ɍɩɪȼɨɫɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɞɢɬɟɩɨɦɨɞɟɥɢ.

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ: – Is it lesson one?


– Yes, it is the first lesson.
1. twelve; 2. fifteen; 3. nine; 4. twenty; 5. thirty-two; 6. five; 7. forty-three.

4. Ɇɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɹ some, any

Ɇɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɟ some [s m] [sԥm] ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɟɬɫɹ, ɤɚɤ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɨ ɜ ɭɬɜɟɪɞɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ


ɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɯ
ɚ  ɩɟɪɟɞ ɢɫɱɢɫɥɹɟɦɵɦɢ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɦɢ ɜɨ ɦɧɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ ɫɨ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟɦ
©ɧɟɫɤɨɥɶɤɨª©ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɟª
I’ve got some books at home.
ɛ  ɩɟɪɟɞ ɧɟɢɫɱɢɫɥɹɟɦɵɦɢ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɦɢ ɫɨ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟɦ ©ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɧɟɛɨɥɶɲɨɟ 
ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨªȼɷɬɨɦɫɥɭɱɚɟɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɟsome ɧɚɪɭɫɫɤɢɣɹɡɵɤɧɟɩɟɪɟɜɨɞɢɬɫɹ
I like some coffee.

ȼ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɢ ɨɬɪɢɰɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɯ ɤɚɤ ɫ ɢɫɱɢɫɥɹɟɦɵɦɢ ɬɚɤ ɢ ɫ


ɧɟɢɫɱɢɫɥɹɟɦɵɦɢ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɦɢ ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɟ any ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɜ
ɨɬɪɢɰɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɯ ɢɦɟɟɬ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ©ɧɢɤɚɤɢɟª ©ɧɢɫɤɨɥɶɤɨª ɚ ɜ
ɜɨɩɪɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ– ©ɤɚɤɢɟ-ɧɢɛɭɞɶª©ɫɤɨɥɶɤɨ-ɧɢɛɭɞɶªɈɱɟɧɶɱɚɫɬɨɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɟany ɧɚ
ɪɭɫɫɤɢɣɹɡɵɤɧɟɩɟɪɟɜɨɞɢɬɫɹ
Have you got any friends in Moscow?
I haven’t got any tea at home.

ɍɩɪ8. ɉɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɜɦɟɫɬɨɩɪɨɩɭɫɤɨɜɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɹsome ɢɥɢany.

1. We’ve got … offers from this company.


2. We haven’t got … armchairs in our bedroom.
3. Are there … newspapers on the bookshelf?
4. Are there … engineers in your firm?
5. There are … magazines on the carpet.
6. We haven’t got … offers from British companies.
7. Lavrov has got … good pictures of London.
8. Nancy hasn’t got … books about Moscow.
9. I like … tea with milk.
10. There are … telephones on the president’s table.
54

ɍɩɪ9. ɉɪɨɱɬɢɬɟɢɩɟɪɟɜɟɞɢɬɟɬɟɤɫɬɢɞɢɚɥɨɝɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹɧɨɜɭɸɥɟɤɫɢɤɭ

Ɂɚɩɨɦɧɢɬɟɫɥɨɜɚ
1. to live [lÕv] - ɠɢɬɶ
2. some [s m] [sԥm] - ɧɟɫɤɨɥɶɤɨɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɟɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ
ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨ
3. any [ƍenÕ] - ɤɚɤɨɣ-ɧɢɛɭɞɶɫɤɨɥɶɤɨ-ɧɢɛɭɞɶ
4. people [pi:pl] - ɥɸɞɢ
5. own [oun] - ɫɜɨɣ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɣ
6. a floor [fl฀:] - 1.ɷɬɚɠ; 2.ɩɨɥ
on the ground [graund] floor - ɧɚ ɩɟɪɜɨɦ ɷɬɚɠɟ
on the first floor - ɧɚɜɬɨɪɨɦɷɬɚɠɟ ɜȺɧɝɥɢɢ
on the floor - ɧɚɩɨɥɭ
7. traditional [trԥƍdÕǏԥnԥl] - ɬɪɚɞɢɰɢɨɧɧɵɣ
8. England [ƍÕƾglԥnd] - Ⱥɧɝɥɢɹ
9. to like [laÕk] - ɧɪɚɜɢɬɶɫɹ
10. to show [Ǐou] - ɩɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɬɶ
11. Sunday [ƍs ndÕ@ - ɜɨɫɤɪɟɫɟɧɶɟ
12. a visitor [ƍvÕzÕtԥ] - ɩɨɫɟɬɢɬɟɥɶ
13. British [ƍbrÕtÕǏ] - ɛɪɢɬɚɧɫɤɢɣ, ɚɧɝɥɢɣɫɤɢɣ
14. to invite [ÕnƍvaÕt] - ɩɪɢɝɥɚɲɚɬɶ
15. a place [pleÕs] - ɦɟɫɬɨ; ɡɞ. ɞɨɦ, ɤɜɚɪɬɢɪɚ
16. to spend [spend] - ɩɪɨɜɨɞɢɬɶ
17. a garden [gĮ:dn] - ɫɚɞ
18. a study [ƍst dÕ] - ɤɚɛɢɧɟɬ
19. downstairs [ƍdaunstİԥz] - ɜɧɢɡɭ, ɜɧɢɡ
20. upstairs [ƍ pstİԥz] - ɧɚɜɟɪɯɭ, ɧɚɜɟɪɯ
21. sunny [ƍs nÕ] - ɫɨɥɧɟɱɧɵɣ
22. a TV-set [ƍti:vi:ƍset] - ɬɟɥɟɜɢɡɨɪ
23. to make [meÕN@ - ɞɟɥɚɬɶ
24. a bookshelf [ƍbukǏelf] - ɤɧɢɠɧɚɹ ɩɨɥɤɚ
25. a wall [w฀:l] - ɫɬɟɧɚ
26. to love [l v] - ɥɸɛɢɬɶ
27. to sit [sÕt] - ɫɢɞɟɬɶ
28. a fire-place [ƍfaÕԥpleÕs] - ɤɚɦɢɧ
29. lovely [ƍl vlÕ] - ɤɪɚɫɢɜɵɣ, ɩɪɟɤɪɚɫɧɵɣ
30. here [hÕԥ] - ɡɞɟɫɶ
31. a magazine [‚mægԥƍzi:n] - ɠɭɪɧɚɥ (ɧɚɭɱɧɨ-ɩɨɩɭɥɹɪɧɵɣ)
32. long [l฀ƾ] - ɞɥɢɧɧɵɣ, ɞɨɥɝɢɣ
33. a district [ƍdÕstrÕkt] - ɪɚɣɨɧ ɚɞɦɢɧɢɫɬɪɚɬɢɜɧɵɣ
34. built-in [ƍbÕltƍÕn] - ɜɫɬɪɨɟɧɧɵɣ
35. furniture [ƍfԥ:nÕtǏԥ] - ɦɟɛɟɥɶ
36. a hall [h฀:l] - ɯɨɥɥ
37. a window [ƍwÕndou] - ɨɤɧɨ
38. light [laÕt] - ɫɜɟɬɥɵɣ
39. which [wÕtǏ] - ɤɚɤɨɣ ɩɪɢɜɵɛɨɪɟ
40. to listen [lÕsn] - ɫɥɭɲɚɬɶ
41. music [ƍmju:zÕk] - ɦɭɡɵɤɚ
42. quiet [kwaÕԥt] - ɫɩɨɤɨɣɧɵɣ
55

43. a newspaper [ƍQMXVSHÕSԥ@ - ɝɚɡɟɬɚ

Ɂɚɩɨɦɧɢɬɟ ɮɪɚɡɵ:
1. There is no place like home. - ɇɟɬ ɧɢɱɟɝɨ ɥɭɱɲɟ ɫɜɨɟɝɨ ɞɨɦɚ.
2. the Dunns - ɫɟɦɶɹ Ⱦɚɧɧɨɜ (Ⱦɚɧɵ)
3. DVD – Digital Versatile Disc - ɰɢɮɪɨɜɨɣɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɚɥɶɧɵɣɞɢɫɤ
[ƍGÕG ÕWԥOƍYԥVԥWDÕOGÕVN@

TEXT
There is no Place like Home
Many English families have got their own houses, but some people live in the flats.
There are two floors in the traditional English houses: the ground floor and the first floor.
People in England like their homes and always show them to their visitors.
Mr. Dunn, a British businessman, often comes to the Russian Trade Delegation and he
knows Voronin very well. One Sunday he invites Voronin and some engineers to his place to
spend an evening with his family.
Mr. Dunn’s family lives in a small house with a garden. There is a sitting-room and a
study downstairs. The kitchen is downstairs too. The sitting-room is large and sunny. There is
a sofa, two armchairs and a TV-set there. The nice carpet on the floor makes the room
comfortable.
The study is a small room with bookshelves on the walls. Upstairs there are two
bedrooms and a bathroom.
The Dunns love their house and think: “There is no place like home”.
Now Mr. Dunn, Voronin and his friends are near the fireplace in Mr. Dunn’s study.

Voronin: This is a lovely room, Mr. Dunn.


Dunn: I’m glad you like it. It’s always a pleasure to sit here and read newspapers and
magazines after long day in the office. And where do you live in Moscow, Mr.
Voronin?
Voronin: We live in a three-room flat in a new district of Moscow.
Dunn: Is your flat comfortable?
Voronin: Yes, very. There’s much built-in furniture in out hall and in the kitchen. The
windows are large and the rooms are light.
Dunn: In which room do you like to spend evening hours?
Voronin: In the sitting-room. We usually watch television or DVD there or listen to
music.
Dunn: Yes, it’s always nice to spend a quiet evening with the family.
Voronin: I think so too.

ɍɩɪ10. ɋɨɝɥɚɫɢɬɟɫɶɢɥɢɨɩɪɨɜɟɪɝɧɢɬɟɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹɤɥɢɲɟ
You are right. – ȼɵ ɩɪɚɜɵ.
You are wrong. – ȼɵɧɟɩɪɚɜɵ

1. English people don’t like to show homes to their visitors.


2. Mr. Dunn’s family lives in a traditional English house.
3. The Dunns house is very large.
4. There are four rooms downstairs in the Dunns’ house.
5. Mr. Dunn likes to spend evening hours in the sitting-room.
6. Voronin has got a three-room flat in Moscow.
7. There is no built-in furniture in the Voronins’ flat.
8. Voronin spends evening hours in his study.
56

ɍɩɪ1. Ɂɚɩɨɦɧɢɬɟɞɧɢɧɟɞɟɥɢ

Sunday [ƍV QGÕ@ - ɜɨɫɤɪɟɫɟɧɶɟ


Monday [ƍP QGÕ@ - ɩɨɧɟɞɟɥɶɧɢɤ
Tuesday [ƍWMX]GÕ@ - ɜɬɨɪɧɢɤ
Wednesday [ƍZHQ]GÕ@ - ɫɪɟɞɚ
Thursday [ƍșԥ]GÕ@ - ɱɟɬɜɟɪɝ
Friday [ƍIUDÕGÕ@ - ɩɹɬɧɢɰɚ
Saturday [ƍsætԥdÕ@ - ɫɭɛɛɨɬɚ

ɍɩɪ2. Ɂɚɩɨɦɧɢɬɟɦɟɫɹɰɵɢɫɟɡɨɧɵɝɨɞɚ

There are 12 months in the year:

January [ƍd ænjuԥrÕ@ - ɹɧɜɚɪɶ July [d uƍODÕ@ - ɢɸɥɶ


February [ƍfebruԥrÕ@ - ɮɟɜɪɚɥɶ August [ƍ฀:gԥVW@ - ɚɜɝɭɫɬ
March [mĮWǏ] - ɦɚɪɬ September [sepƍWHPEԥ@ - ɫɟɧɬɹɛɪɶ
April [ƍHÕSUÕO@ - ɚɩɪɟɥɶ October [ԥNƍtoubԥ@ - ɨɤɬɹɛɪɶ
May >PHÕ] - ɦɚɣ November [nouƍYHPEԥ@ - ɧɨɹɛɪɶ
June [d u:n] - ɢɸɧɶ December >GÕƍVHPEԥ@ - ɞɟɤɚɛɪɶ

There are 4 seasons in the year:

winter [ƍZÕQWԥ@ - ɡɢɦɚ


spring >VSUÕƾ@ - ɜɟɫɧɚ
summer [ƍV mԥ@ - ɥɟɬɨ
autumn [ƍ฀:tem] - ɨɫɟɧɶ

ɍɊɈɄ

Ƚɪɚɦɦɚɬɢɤɚ 1. ɉɪɨɫɬɨɟɩɪɨɲɟɞɲɟɟɜɪɟɦɹ The Simple Past Tense).


ɉɪɢɥɚɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɢɧɚɪɟɱɢɹlittle, few, much.
ɋɬɟɩɟɧɢɫɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɹɩɪɢɥɚɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɯɋɪɚɜɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ
ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ
Ɍɟɤɫɬ: Talking about Holidays.

ȽɊȺɆɆȺɌɂɄȺ

1. The Simple Past Tense

Simple Past ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɟɬɫɹɞɥɹɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɹɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɣɫɨɜɟɪɲɢɜɲɢɯɫɹɜɩɪɨɲɥɨɦɢɧɟ


ɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɵɯ ɫ ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɢɦ ɦɨɦɟɧɬɨɦ ɫɦ ɭɩɪ  ɩɪɢɦɟɪ “a”  ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɞɥɹ ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ
ɩɨɜɬɨɪɹɸɳɢɯɫɹɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɣɜɩɪɨɲɥɨɦ ɫɦɭɩɪɩɪɢɦɟɪ “b”).

Simple Past ɦɨɠɟɬɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɬɶɫɹɫɨɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɦɢɨɛɫɬɨɹɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚɦɢɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ


yesterday [ƍjestԥdÕ] - ɜɱɟɪɚ;
the day before yesterday - ɩɨɡɚɜɱɟɪɚ;
57

yesterday morning (afternoon, evening) - ɜɱɟɪɚ ɭɬɪɨɦ (ɞɧɟɦ, ɜɟɱɟɪɨɦ);


last [lĮ:st] - ɜɩɨɫɥɟɞɧɢɣ ɩɪɨɲɥɵɣɪɚɡ 
last week (month, year, Sunday) - ɧɚ ɩɪɨɲɥɨɣ ɧɟɞɟɥɟ ɜ ɩɪɨɲɥɨɦ ɦɟɫɹɰɟ ɝɨɞɭ ɜ
ɩɪɨɲɥɨɟɜɨɫɤɪɟɫɟɧɶɟ 
last night - ɜɱɟɪɚ ɜɟɱɟɪɨɦ;
a week (month, year) ago [ԥƍgou] - ɧɟɞɟɥɸ ɦɟɫɹɰɝɨɞ ɬɨɦɭɧɚɡɚɞ
the other [ƍ șԥ@day - ɧɚ ɞɧɹɯ;
in 1970 - ɜɝɨɞɭ

ȼɪɟɦɹ ɫɨɜɟɪɲɟɧɢɹ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɧɟ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɨ ɧɨ ɹɫɧɨ ɢɡ ɤɨɧɬɟɤɫɬɚ ɢɥɢ
ɫɢɬɭɚɰɢɢ ɫɦɭɩɪɩɪɢɦɟɪ³c”).

ɍɩɪɉɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɢɩɟɪɟɜɟɞɢɬɟɦɢɧɢ-ɞɢɚɥɨɝɢ

a) – I think your son is tired.


– Yes, he studied English from 8 to 12 yesterday.
b) When Sedov lived in France, he often went to different companies to meet with customers.
c) – Did you have a nice weekend?
– No, I didn’t. The weather was not good and I stayed at home.

ɍɬɜɟɪɞɢɬɟɥɶɧɚɹɮɨɪɦɚɜSimple Past

Ƚɥɚɝɨɥɵ ɜ ɭɬɜɟɪɞɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɮɨɪɦɟ ɜ Simple Past ɧɟ ɢɡɦɟɧɹɸɬɫɹ ɩɨ ɥɢɰɚɦ ɢ ɱɢɫɥɚɦ
ɋɭɳɟɫɬɜɭɸɬɝɥɚɝɨɥɵɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɵɟɢɧɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɵɟ
ȼ Simple Past ɤ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɵɦ ɝɥɚɝɨɥɚɦ ɞɨɛɚɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɨɤɨɧɱɚɧɢɟ –ed Ʉɚɠɞɵɣ
ɧɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɵɣ ɝɥɚɝɨɥ ɢɦɟɟɬ ɫɜɨɸ ɮɨɪɦɭ ɩɪɨɲɟɞɲɟɝɨ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ ɫɦ ɉɪɢɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ
ɬɚɛɥɢɰɚ 

I
You lived in Kursk 5 years ago.
He
She
It
We
You came to Moscow in 1979.
They

ɍɩɪɋɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɩɨɦɨɞɟɥɢ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ: I wrote letters yesterday.

1. to translate the letters; 2. to speak to the manager about his visit to our company; 3. to study
the catalogues of Blake and Co; 4. to phone Mr. Bell; 5. to read offers in the office.

ɈɬɪɢɰɚɬɟɥɶɧɚɹɮɨɪɦɚɜSimple Past
58

Ɉɬɪɢɰɚɬɟɥɶɧɚɹ ɮɨɪɦɚ ɝɥɚɝɨɥɨɜ ɜ Simple Past ɨɛɪɚɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɩɪɢ ɩɨɦɨɳɢ


ɜɫɩɨɦɨɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɝɥɚɝɨɥɚ did ɢ ɨɬɪɢɰɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɱɚɫɬɢɰɵ not ɩɪɢ ɷɬɨɦ ɫɦɵɫɥɨɜɨɣ
ɝɥɚɝɨɥɫɬɨɢɬɜɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɣ ɩɟɪɜɨɣ ɮɨɪɦɟ

I
You
He live in Kursk 5 years ago.
She
It did not (didn’t)
We
You
They come to Moscow in 1979.

ɍɩɪɋɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɦɢɧɢ-ɞɢɚɥɨɝɢ ɩɨɦɨɞɟɥɢ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ: – They say your engineers started work at 10 yesterday.


– No, they didn’t start work at 10. They started work at 9.15.

1. to have talks with British businessmen; 2. to make a contract with Brown and Co; 3. to
write three letters to the IBM Company; 4. to spend a weekend out of town; 5. to receive two
contracts from Green and Co.

ȼɨɩɪɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɚɹɮɨɪɦɚɜSimple Past

ȼɜɨɩɪɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɯɜSimple Past ɜɫɩɨɦɨɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɣɝɥɚɝɨɥdid ɫɬɚɜɢɬɫɹ


ɩɟɪɟɞɩɨɞɥɟɠɚɳɢɦ

I You
you I
he live in Kursk 5 years ago? he
she she
Did it Yes (No), it did (didn’t).
we we
you come to Moscow in 1979? they
they

ɍɩɪɋɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɜɨɩɪɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɢɞɚɣɬɟɧɚɧɢɯɨɬɜɟɬɵɤɚɤɩɨɤɚɡɚɧɨɜ
ɦɨɞɟɥɢ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ: – Did you stay at home last night?


– No, I didn’t. I went out.

1. to go to the office; 2. to watch television; 3. to live in a new district of Moscow; 4. to invite


friends to your place; 5. to receive many letters.

ɍɩɪɉɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɩɪɨɩɭɳɟɧɧɵɟɝɥɚɝɨɥɵɜSimple Past.

1. I (to come) to the office at 9.30 the day before yesterday.


2. They (to live) in Moscow three months ago.
3. The British company (to write) a contract with our firm last week.
59

4. He (to invite) the delegation of Russian engineers to his place yesterday evening.
5. In 1990 the Petrovs (to spend) holiday in Sochi.
6. The manager (to translate) letters in the office from 2 to 3 yesterday.
7. They (not/to like) to go out the other day.
8. The company (not/ to receive) offers last month.
9. You (did/to go) to England last year?
10. They (did/ to work) at foreign company in 2001?

2. ɉɪɢɥɚɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɟɢɧɚɪɟɱɢɹlittle, few, much

Ɋɭɫɫɤɨɦɭɫɥɨɜɭ©ɦɚɥɨªɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɬɞɜɚɚɧɝɥɢɣɫɤɢɯɩɪɢɥɚɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ: few, little.


Few ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɟɬɫɹɫɢɫɱɢɫɥɹɟɦɵɦɢɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɦɢlittle – ɫɧɟɢɫɱɢɫɥɹɟɦɵɦɢfew
letters, little coffee.
ȼ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟ ɧɚɪɟɱɢɣ ɫɥɨɜɚ much ©ɦɧɨɝɨª ©ɨɱɟɧɶª ɢ little «ɦɚɥɨª ɫɬɨɹɬ ɩɨɫɥɟ
ɝɥɚɝɨɥɨɜ
ɇɚɪɟɱɢɟmuch ɜɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɢ©ɦɧɨɝɨªɦɨɠɟɬɡɚɦɟɧɹɬɶɫɹɫɥɨɜɨɦ a lot.
ɍɩɪɉɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɢɩɟɪɟɜɟɞɢɬɟɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ

1. I’ve got few letters on my desk today.


2. I drink little coffee in the morning.
3. He has got few English books at home.
4. They have got few offers from French companies.
5. They drink little milk every day.
6. She had little milk in her tea yesterday.
7. At our lessons we speak English much.
8. People in England love their homes very much.
9. I know about Tashkent very little.
10. They worked a lot last month.

3. ɋɬɟɩɟɧɢɫɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɹ

ɋɬɟɩɟɧɢ ɫɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɢɥɚɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɢ ɧɚɪɟɱɢɣ ɜ ɚɧɝɥɢɣɫɤɨɦ ɹɡɵɤɟ ɨɛɪɚɡɭɸɬɫɹ


ɞɜɭɦɹɫɩɨɫɨɛɚɦɢ
I ɫɩɨɫɨɛ ɞɥɹɨɞɧɨ- ɢɥɢɞɜɭɫɥɨɠɧɵɯɩɪɢɥɚɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɤɨɫɧɨɜɟɫɥɨɜɚɩɪɢɛɚɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ
ɫɭɮɮɢɤɫɵ –er ɢ –est ɞɥɹ ɫɪɚɜɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɫɬɟɩɟɧɢ ɢ ɩɪɟɜɨɫɯɨɞɧɨɣ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ ɩɪɢ
ɱɟɦ ɩɟɪɟɞ ɩɪɢɥɚɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɦ ɜ ɩɪɟɜɨɫɯɨɞɧɨɣ ɫɬɟɩɟɧɢ ɫɬɨɢɬ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɣ ɚɪɬɢɤɥɶ the:
young – younger – the youngest.
II ɫɩɨɫɨɛ ɞɥɹ ɦɧɨɝɨɫɥɨɠɧɵɯ ɩɪɢɥɚɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ  ɩɟɪɟɞ ɩɪɢɥɚɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɦ ɫɬɚɜɢɬɫɹ
ɫɥɨɜɨ more ɜ ɫɪɚɜɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɫɬɟɩɟɧɢ ɢ the most ɜ ɩɪɟɜɨɫɯɨɞɧɨɣ interesting – more
interesting – the most interesting.

ɋɭɳɟɫɬɜɭɟɬɪɹɞɩɪɢɥɚɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɯɢɧɚɪɟɱɢɣɤɨɬɨɪɵɟɨɛɪɚɡɭɸɬɫɬɟɩɟɧɢɫɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɹɧɟ
ɩɨɨɛɳɟɦɭɩɪɚɜɢɥɭ
good (well) better the best
bad (badly) worse the worst
much, many more the most
little less the least
far farther, further the farthest, the furthest
old older, elder the oldest, the eldest

ɍɩɪ  Ɉɛɪɚɡɭɣɬɟ ɫɪɚɜɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɭɸ ɢ ɩɪɟɜɨɫɯɨɞɧɭɸ ɫɬɟɩɟɧɢ ɭ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɯ


ɩɪɢɥɚɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ
60

large, far, nice, interesting, many, comfortable, lazy, bad, sunny, lovely, badly, long, much,
light, little, late, new, quiet, well, small, young, old.

ɋɪɚɜɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ

Ʉɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹ ɉɟɪɟɜɨɞ ɉɪɢɦɟɪ


… than «ɱɟɦ My son is younger than your son. – Ɇɨɣ
ɫɵɧ ɦɨɥɨɠɟ, ɱɟɦ ɬɜɨɣ (ɫɵɧ).
as … as ɬɚɤɨɣ ɬɚɤ ɠɟ«ɤɚɤ Today is as sunny as it was yesterday. –
ɋɟɝɨɞɧɹ ɬɚɤ ɠɟ ɫɨɥɧɟɱɧɨ, ɤɚɤ (ɛɵɥɨ)
ɜɱɟɪɚ.
English is not so easy as French. –
not so … as ɧɟɬɚɤɨɣ ɬɚɤ «ɤɚɤ Ⱥɧɝɥɢɣɫɤɢɣ ɹɡɵɤ ɧɟ ɬɚɤɨɣ ɥɟɝɤɢɣ, ɤɚɤ
(not as … as) ɮɪɚɧɰɭɡɫɤɢɣ.
The more we study the more we know. –
the … the … ɱɟɦ«ɬɟɦ ɑɟɦ ɛɨɥɶɲɟ ɦɵ ɭɱɢɦ, ɬɟɦ ɛɨɥɶɲɟ ɦɵ
ɡɧɚɟɦ.
ɍɩɪ  Ɂɚɦɟɧɢɬɟ ɩɪɢɥɚɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ ɢɥɢ ɧɚɪɟɱɢɟ ɜ ɫɤɨɛɤɚɯ ɧɚ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɭɸ ɮɨɪɦɭ
ɫɬɟɩɟɧɟɣɫɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɹ

1. Moscow is (large) city in Russia.


2. My son is (young) than your daughter.
3. Today is as (sunny) as last Monday.
4. This book is (interesting) in our library.
5. The (much) we speak English the (well).
6. The second text was not so (long) as the first one.
7. This flat is as (comfortable) as that house.
8. The Mississippi is (long) river in the world.
9. Moscow is (old) than St. Petersburg.
10. My daughter is (old) than my son.

ɍɩɪɉɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɢɩɟɪɟɜɟɞɢɬɟɬɟɤɫɬɢɞɢɚɥɨɝɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹɧɨɜɭɸɥɟɤɫɢɤɭ

Ɂɚɩɨɦɧɢɬɟɫɥɨɜɚ
1. a holiday [ƍh฀lÕdÕ] - ɨɬɩɭɫɤ
2. to mean (meant, meant) [mi:n] - ɡɧɚɱɢɬɶ, ɨɡɧɚɱɚɬɶ
3. a thing [șÕƾ] - ɜɟɳɶ
4. rest [rest] - ɨɬɞɵɯ
5. while [waÕl] - ɜ ɬɨ ɜɪɟɦɹ, ɤɚɤ
6. other [ƍ șԥ] - 1. ɞɪɭɝɨɣ; 2. ɟɳɟ ɨɞɢɧ
7. to enjoy [Õnƍd ฀Õ] - ɧɚɫɥɚɠɞɚɬɶɫɹ ɩɨɥɭɱɚɬɶ ɭɞɨɜɨɥɶɫɬɜɢɟ
8. active [ƍ ktÕv] - ɚɤɬɢɜɧɵɣ
9. seaside [ƍsi:ƍsaÕd] - ɩɨɛɟɪɟɠɶɟ
10. to become (became, become) [bÕƍk m] - ɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɶɫɹ
11. a hotel [houƍtel] - ɝɨɫɬɢɧɢɰɚ, ɨɬɟɥɶ
12. to rent [rent] - ɫɧɢɦɚɬɶ
13. a boarding-house [ƍb฀:dÕƾKDus] - ɩɚɧɫɢɨɧɚɬ, ɦɟɛɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɟ
ɤɨɦɧɚɬɵ ɫɨ ɫɬɨɥɨɦ
14. a bed [bed] - ɤɪɨɜɚɬɶ
to go to bed - ɥɨɠɢɬɶɫɹ ɫɩɚɬɶ
15. breakfast [ƍbrekfԥst] - ɡɚɜɬɪɚɤ
16. to call [k฀:l] - 1. ɧɚɡɵɜɚɬɶ; 2. ɡɜɨɧɢɬɶ ɩɨɬɟɥɟɮɨɧɭ
17. accommodation [e‚k฀mԥƍdeÕǏn]- ɧɨɦɟɪ ɜ ɝɨɫɬɢɧɢɰɟ
61

18. expensive - ɞɨɪɨɝɨɣ


[ÕksƍpensÕv]
19. a car - ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɶ
[kĮ:]
20. a plan - ɩɥɚɧ
[plæn]
21. a coast - ɩɨɛɟɪɟɠɶɟ (ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɫ ɝɟɨɝɪɚɮ.
[koust]
ɧɚɡɜɚɧɢɹɦɢ
22. a sea [si:] - ɦɨɪɟ
23. water [ƍw฀:tԥ] - ɜɨɞɚ
24. a resort [rÕƍz฀:t] - ɤɭɪɨɪɬ
25. hot [h฀t] - ɠɚɪɤɢɣ
26. dry [draÕ] - ɫɭɯɨɣ
27. to sunbathe [ƍs nbeÕð] - ɡɚɝɨɪɚɬɶ
28. to swim (swam, swum) [swÕm] - ɩɥɚɜɚɬɶ
29. a beach [bi:tǏ] - ɩɥɹɠ
30. a train [treÕn] - ɩɨɟɡɞ
31. an idea [aÕƍdÕԥ] - ɢɞɟɹ, ɦɵɫɥɶ
Ɂɚɩɨɦɧɢɬɟ ɮɪɚɡɵ ɢ ɝɟɨɝɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɧɚɡɜɚɧɢɹ:

1. Holidays mean different things to different people. - Ɋɚɡɧɵɟ ɥɸɞɢ ɨɬɞɵɯɚɸɬ ɩɨ-
ɪɚɡɧɨɦɭ.
2. in the open air - ɧɚ ɨɬɤɪɵɬɨɦ ɜɨɡɞɭɯɟ
3. that is why - ɜɨɬ ɩɨɱɟɦɭ
4. to be on a camping holiday - ɠɢɬɶ ɜɨ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɨɬɩɭɫɤɚ ɜ ɩɚɥɚɬɤɟ
5. to get (got, got) to - ɞɨɛɢɪɚɬɶɫɹ ɞɨ… , ɞɨɟɯɚɬɶ ɞɨ …
6. to go (went, gone) by train (car) - ɟɯɚɬɶ ɩɨɟɡɞɨɦ, ɦɚɲɢɧɨɣ
7. the Caucasus [ƍN฀:kԥVԥV@- Ʉɚɜɤɚɡ
8. the Crimea >NUDÕƍPÕԥ@- Ʉɪɵɦ
9. to be close to - ɪɚɫɩɨɥɚɝɚɬɶɫɹɛɥɢɡɤɨɤɱɟɦɭ-ɥɢɛɨ

TEXT
Talking about Holidays
Holidays mean different things to different people. Some people like to have a quiet
rest, while other people enjoy active, open-air holidays.
Some years ago a lot of English people went to foreign countries during their holidays.
But now the English seaside becomes very popular. When people spend their holidays at the
seaside they stay at hotels or rent rooms. A lot of people live in boarding-houses where they
have “bed and breakfast” (the English people call it “B and B”). But accommodation at the
seaside is very expensive. That is why people who have got their cars go on camping
holidays.
Every year before the talks at the Russian Trade Delegation Voronin and Mr. Blake
speak about their holidays.

Blake: What are your plans for the holiday, Mr. Voronin?
Voronin: I don’t know yet. Last year I went to Gagra in the Caucasus. It’s the most
beautiful place on the coast of the Black Sea. The weather is usually fine and
the water is warm there in the summer season.
Blake: Yes, I know a lot about your resorts in the Caucasus and the Crimea. We’ve
got a lot of beautiful holiday places too. Do you know about Brighton, Mr.
Voronin?
Voronin: I know it’s a popular resort.
62

Blake: Oh, it’s a lovely place and I like to spend my holiday in Brighton. Last summer
I went there with my family.
Voronin: Was the weather good?
Blake: Yes, very hot and dry all the time. We sunbathed and swam in the sea every
day.
Voronin: Did your children enjoy the holiday too?
Blake: They certainly did. They played on the beach and swam a lot. Brighton is close
to London and it’s very easy to get there by train. I recommend you to go and
see the place.
Voronin: Thank you. That’s a good idea.

ɍɩɪɋɨɝɥɚɫɢɬɟɫɶɢɥɢɨɩɪɨɜɟɪɝɧɢɬɟɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹɪɚɡɝɨɜɨɪɧɵɟɮɪɚɡɵ
I agree. - əɫɨɝɥɚɫɟɧ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɚ 
I disagree. - əɧɟɫɨɝɥɚɫɟɧ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɚ 
To my mind. - ɉɨɦɨɟɦɭɦɧɟɧɢɸ

1. Holidays mean different things to different people.


2. The English seaside was very popular some years ago.
3. At the seaside the English people usually rent rooms.
4. Camping holidays are very popular in Great Britain.
5. Voronin likes to spend his holidays in the Caucasus.
6. Mr. Blake doesn’t know about Russian resorts.
7. Brighton is a popular resort in Great Britain.
8. Last summer the Blakes went to France to spend their holiday.
9. It’s difficult for Londoners to get to Brighton.

ɍɩɪɁɚɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɢɡɬɟɤɫɬɚɢɞɢɚɥɨɝɚ ɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɜ Simple Past.

ɍɊɈɄ

Ƚɪɚɦɦɚɬɢɤɚ ɉɪɨɫɬɨɟɛɭɞɭɳɟɟɜɪɟɦɹ The Simple Future Tense).


2. ɉɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɧɵɟɫɥɨɜɚ ɨɬ some, any, no, every.
3. Ɇɨɞɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɝɥɚɝɨɥɵ can, may, must.
Ɍɟɤɫɬ: At the Airport.

ȽɊȺɆɆȺɌɂɄȺ

1. The Simple Future Tense

Simple Future ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɞɥɹ ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɩɪɨɢɡɨɣɞɟɬ ɜ


ɛɭɞɭɳɟɦ ȼɪɟɦɹ ɫɨɜɟɪɲɟɧɢɹ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɨ ɫɦ ɩɪɢɦɟɪɵ ³a”, “b”,
ɭɩɪ ɢɥɢɦɨɠɟɬɩɨɞɪɚɡɭɦɟɜɚɬɶɫɹ ɫɦɩɪɢɦɟɪ³c´ɭɩɪ 

ɍɩɪɉɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɢɩɟɪɟɜɟɞɢɬɟɦɢɧɢ-ɞɢɚɥɨɝɢ

a) – Is Mrs. Dane at home?


– No, she will be at home in an hour.
b) – Will you study the catalogues today?
– I’m afraid, I shall have no time today, but I’ll do it tomorrow.
– Good.
c) – Let’s go to the cinema, Jane.
63

– I’d like it very much, but I think there’ll be very many people there.
– Oh, no, there won’t. Not on Monday.

Simple Future ɨɛɪɚɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɩɪɢ ɩɨɦɨɳɢ ɜɫɩɨɦɨɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɝɥɚɝɨɥɨɜ shall ɢ will ɢ


ɢɧɮɢɧɢɬɢɜɚ ɫɦɵɫɥɨɜɨɝɨ ɝɥɚɝɨɥɚ ɛɟɡ ɱɚɫɬɢɰɵ to). Shall ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɞɥɹ -ɝɨ ɥɢɰɚ
ɟɞɢɧɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨɢɦɧɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨɱɢɫɥɚ will – ɞɥɹɨɫɬɚɥɶɧɵɯɥɢɰ

ɍɬɜɟɪɞɢɬɟɥɶɧɚɹɮɨɪɦɚ

I shall/will I’ll
You will You’ll
He (she, it) will He’ll(she’ll, it’ll) go to the seaside next summer.
We shall/will We’ll
You will You’ll
They will They’ll

ɍɩɪɋɩɪɨɫɢɬɟɢɨɬɜɟɬɶɬɟɩɨɦɨɞɟɥɢ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ: – Did you receive this journal last month?


– No, I didn’t. I’ll receive it tonight.

1. to receive the latest catalogues; 2. to sign the contract with the British company; 3. to show
Moscow to the foreign businessmen; 4. to read lesson 11; 5. to spend holiday at the seaside.

Ɉɬɪɢɰɚɬɟɥɶɧɚɹɮɨɪɦɚ

Ɉɬɪɢɰɚɬɟɥɶɧɚɹ ɮɨɪɦɚ Simple Future ɨɛɪɚɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɩɪɢ ɩɨɦɨɳɢ ɱɚɫɬɢɰɵ not ɤɨɬɨɪɚɹ
ɫɬɚɜɢɬɫɹɩɨɫɥɟɜɫɩɨɦɨɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɯɝɥɚɝɨɥɨɜ shall/will.
ɋɨɤɪɚɳɟɧɧɵɟɮɨɪɦɵ– shan’t/won’t [ǏĮ:nt], [wount].

I shall not/will not (shan’t/won’t)


You will not (won’t)
He (she, it) will not (won’t) go to the seaside next summer.
We shall not/will not (shan’t/won’t)
You will not (won’t)
They will not (won’t)
ɍɩɪ. 3. ȼɨɫɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɞɢɬɟɩɨɞɚɧɧɨɣɦɨɞɟɥɢ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ: – I’ll watch a film on TV tonight.


– And I won’t watch a film, I’ll watch the news programme.

1. to rent a room at the seaside; 2. to stay at home; 3. to learn English; 4. to be at the office all
day; 5. to go to seaside by train; 6. to buy new furniture.

ȼɨɩɪɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɚɹɮɨɪɦɚ

ȼɜɨɩɪɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣɮɨɪɦɟSimple Future ɜɫɩɨɦɨɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɣɝɥɚɝɨɥshall/will ɫɬɚɜɢɬɫɹ


ɩɪɟɞɩɨɞɥɟɠɚɳɢɦ

I you will (won’t).


64

you I shall/will (shan’t/won’t).


Shall he go to the next summer? Yes, he will (won’t).
Will she seaside (No,) she will (won’t).
it it will (won’t).
we we shall/will (shan’t/won’t).
they they will (won’t).

ɍɩɪɋɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɦɢɧɢ-ɞɢɚɥɨɝɢɩɨɦɨɞɟɥɢ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ: – Will you come home early tonight?


– No, I shan’t. I’ll work late.

1. to study the contract from GML; 2. to buy a plasma TV-set; 3. to go on a camping holiday;
4. to spend a holiday at the seaside; 5. to send cables to the foreign customers.

Ⱦɥɹɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɹɧɚɦɟɪɟɧɢɹɝɨɜɨɪɹɳɟɝɨɫɨɜɟɪɲɢɬɶɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɨɟɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟɜɛɭɞɭɳɟɦ
ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɬɫɹɮɨɪɦɚto be going ɢɧɮɢɧɢɬɢɜ.
I’m going to meet my friends tonight. – əɫɨɛɢɪɚɸɫɶɜɫɬɪɟɬɢɬɶɫɹ ɫɨɫɜɨɢɦɢɞɪɭɡɶɹɦɢ
ɫɟɝɨɞɧɹɜɟɱɟɪɨɦ

ɍɩɪɋɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɩɨɦɨɞɟɥɢ

Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ: He’s going to watch TV tonight.

1. I/to translate letters; 2. you/to sign a contract with English company; 3. he/to spend a
holiday at the seaside; 4. we/to go to the resort by train; 5. they/to receive catalogues.

ɉɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɧɵɟɨɬsome, any, no, every

ɉɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɧɵɟɨɬɧɟɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɯɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɣsome, any, no, every ɫ


-thing ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɸɬɫɹɤɨɝɞɚɪɟɱɶɢɞɟɬɨɧɟɨɞɭɲɟɜɥɟɧɧɵɯɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɚɯ ɫɦɩɪɢɦɟɪ³a”,
“b´ɭɩɪ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɧɵɟɫ-body ɢ-one – ɨɥɸɞɹɯ ɫɦɩɪɢɦɟɪ³c´ɭɩɪ ɫ -where – ɨ
ɦɟɫɬɟ ɫɦɩɪɢɦɟɪ “d”ɭɩɪ .
ɉɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɧɵɟ ɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɹ ɫ -body ɢ -one ɜ ɪɨɥɢ ɩɨɞɥɟɠɚɳɟɝɨ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɭɸɬɫɹ ɫ
ɝɥɚɝɨɥɨɦɜ ɟɞɢɧɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɦɱɢɫɥɟɢ ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɸɬɫɹɜɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɢɩɨɬɟɦɠɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɚɦ
ɱɬɨɢɧɟɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɟɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɹ some, any, no.

Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɧɵɯɫɥɨɜ

-thing -body -one -where


something somebody someone somewhere
[ƍs mșÕƾ] [ƍs mbԥdÕ] [ƍs mwԥn] [ƍs mwİԥ]
some ɱɬɨ-ɬɨ ɤɬɨ-ɬɨ ɝɞɟ-ɬɨ
ɱɬɨ-ɧɢɛɭɞɶ ɤɬɨ-ɧɢɛɭɞɶ ɝɞɟ-ɧɢɛɭɞɶ
ɤɭɞɚ-ɧɢɛɭɞɶ
anything anybody anyone anywhere
[ƍenÕșÕƾ] [ƍenÕ‚b฀dÕ@ [ƍenÕw n] [ƍenÕwİԥ]
any ɱɬɨ-ɬɨ ɤɬɨ-ɬɨ ɝɞɟ-ɧɢɛɭɞɶ
65

ɱɬɨ-ɧɢɛɭɞɶ ɤɬɨ-ɧɢɛɭɞɶ ɤɭɞɚ-ɧɢɛɭɞɶ


ɥɸɛɨɣ
nothing nobody no one nowhere
no [ƍn șÕƾ] [ƍnoub฀dÕ] [ƍnouw n] [ƍnouwİԥ]
ɧɢɱɬɨ ɧɢɤɬɨ ɧɢɤɨɝɨ ɧɢɝɞɟ
ɧɢɱɟɝɨ ɧɢɤɭɞɚ
everything everybody everyone everywhere
[ƍHYUÕșÕƾ@ [ƍHYUÕE฀GÕ@ [ƍHYUÕZ n] [ƍHYUÕZİԥ@
every ɜɫɺ ɜɫɟ ɤɚɠɞɵɣ ɜɟɡɞɟ
ɩɨɜɫɸɞɭ
ɜɫɸɞɭ

ɍɩɪɉɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɢɩɟɪɟɜɟɞɢɬɟɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ

1. Everybody likes reading.


2. Do you know anything about the IBM Company?
3. There is something interesting to read in the magazine.
4. There is nobody at home.
5. Somebody phones me every evening.
6. There are gardens everywhere in London.
7. I found no one in the office.
8. Do you know anybody in your group?
9. This book is somewhere on the bookshelf.
10. There wasn’t anyone at home yesterday.

Ɇɨɞɚɥɶɧɵɟɝɥɚɝɨɥɵcan, may, must

Ɇɨɞɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɝɥɚɝɨɥɵ ɩɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɸɬ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɹ ɤ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɸ ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɧɨɦɭ


ɢɧɮɢɧɢɬɢɜɨɦ
1. Ƚɥɚɝɨɥ can [kæn, kԥn@ ©ɦɨɝɭª ©ɭɦɟɸª ɜɵɪɚɠɚɟɬ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɶ ɫɨɜɟɪɲɟɧɢɹ
ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ ɫɦɩɪɢɦɟɪɭɩɪ 
2. Ƚɥɚɝɨɥ must [mǘst, mԥst@ ©ɞɨɥɠɟɧª ɜɵɪɚɠɚɟɬ ɞɨɥɠɟɧɫɬɜɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɢɥɢ
ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɶɫɨɜɟɪɲɟɧɢɹɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ ɫɦɩɪɢɦɟɪɭɩɪ 
3. Ƚɥɚɝɨɥ may [meÕ@ ©ɦɨɠɧɨª ɜɵɪɚɠ ɚɟɬ ɪɚɡɪɟɲɟɧɢɟ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɬɶ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟ ȼ
ɪɚɡɝɨɜɨɪɧɨɣɪɟɱɢɜɦɟɫɬɨmay ɱɚɫɬɨɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɟɬɫɹcan ɫɦɩɪɢɦɟɪɭɩɪ 

ɍɩɪɉɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɢɩɟɪɟɜɟɞɢɬɟɞɢɚɥɨɝɢ

1. – Can you read this newspaper?


– No, I can’t, but I can read this book for you.

2. – I can’t speak to you now. I must go home.


– Must you go now?
– Yes, I must.

3. – May I go to the cinema?


– No, you mustn’t. The film is not for children.
– You can watch TV at home.

ɉɪɢ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɢ ɨɬɪɢɰɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɣ ɦɨɞɚɥɶɧɵɟ


ɝɥɚɝɨɥɵɧɟɬɪɟɛɭɸɬɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɟɧɢɹɜɫɩɨɦɨɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨɝɥɚɝɨɥɚ
66

ȼɜɨɩɪɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɯɦɨɞɚɥɶɧɵɣɝɥɚɝɨɥɫɬɚɜɢɬɫɹɩɟɪɟɞɩɨɞɥɟɠɚɳɢɦ

ɍɩɪɉɟɪɟɜɟɞɢɬɟɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɧɚɪɭɫɫɤɢɣɹɡɵɤ

1. She can read books in English.


2. May I translate the next text?
3. You must stay at the office till evening.
4. I can’t phone her, I don’t know her telephone number.
5. You may not go to the cinema without me.
6. You mustn’t smoke here.
7. I can speak English, but he cannot speak French.
8. Our company must sign the contract tomorrow.
9. The company manager can read telexes from our customers.
10. My son may leave for Moscow in June.

ȼ ɨɬɪɢɰɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɨɬɜɟɬɚɯ ɧɚ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɵ ɫ ɝɥɚɝɨɥɨɦ must ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɦɨɞɚɥɶɧɵɣ


ɝɥɚɝɨɥ need ɜ ɨɬɪɢɰɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɮɨɪɦɟ needn’t  ɞɥɹ ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ ɨɬɫɭɬɫɬɜɢɹ
ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɢ

ɍɩɪȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɣɦɨɞɚɥɶɧɵɣɝɥɚɝɨɥ

1. We (can, must, may) sign the contract with the IBM only next Monday.
2. – (Can, must, may) I smoke here?
– Yes, you (can, must, may).
3. Passengers (can, must, may) come to the airport an hour before the take-off time.
4. – (Can, must, may) I open my luggage?
– No, you (cannot, mustn’t, mayn’t, needn’t).
5. – (Can, must, may) I watch television, mother?
– No, you (cannot, mustn’t, mayn’t, needn’t), Bob. It’s too late.

ɍɩɪ. 10. ɉɪɨɱɬɢɬɟ ɬɟɤɫɬ ɢ ɞɢɚɥɨɝ ɢ ɩɟɪɟɜɟɞɢɬɟ ɢɯ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹ ɧɨɜɵɟ ɫɥɨɜɚ ɢ
ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ

Ɂɚɩɨɦɧɢɬɟɫɥɨɜɚ
1. an airport [ƍİԥp฀:t] - ɚɷɪɨɩɨɪɬ
2. hundred [ƍh ndrԥd] - ɫɬɨ
3. a plane [pleÕn] - ɫɚɦɨɥɟɬ
4. to land [lænd] - ɩɪɢɡɟɦɥɹɬɶɫɹ
5. to take off [ƍteÕk ƍ฀f] - ɜɵɥɟɬɚɬɶ, ɨɬɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶɫɹ
6. thousand [șauzԥnd] - ɬɵɫɹɱɚ
7. a passenger [ƍpæsÕnd ԥ] - ɩɚɫɫɚɠɢɪ
8. to get (got) on [ƍget ƍ฀n] - ɫɚɞɢɬɶɫɹ (ɧɚ ɫɚɦɨɥɟɬ, ɜ ɩɨɟɡɞ)
9. to get off [ƍget ƍ฀f] - ɫɯɨɞɢɬɶ ɫ
10. a reservation [‚rezԥƍveÕǏn] - ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ ɡɚɤɚɡ
11. a flight [flaÕt] - ɪɟɣɫ, ɩɨɥɟɬ
to make a flight - ɫɨɜɟɪɲɚɬɶ ɩɨɥɟɬ
12. in advance [ԥdƍvĮ:ns] - ɡɚɪɚɧɟɟ
13. to fly (flew, flown)[flaÕ, flu:, floun] - ɥɟɬɚɬɶ
14. back [bæk] - ɨɛɪɚɬɧɨ, ɧɚɡɚɞ
67

15. to arrive [ԥƍraÕv] - ɩɪɢɛɵɜɚɬɶ, ɩɪɢɯɨɞɢɬɶ


16. to check in [ƍtǏek ƍÕn] - ɪɟɝɢɫɬɪɢɪɨɜɚɬɶɫɹ
a check-in-desk - ɦɟɫɬɨ ɪɟɝɢɫɬɪɚɰɢɢ
17. a passport [ƍpĮ:sp฀:t] - ɩɚɫɩɨɪɬ
18. to put (put) [put] - ɤɥɚɫɬɶ
19. luggage [ƍl gÕd ] - ɛɚɝɚɠ
20. scales [skeÕlz] - ɜɟɫɵ
21. to pay (paid) [peÕ, peÕd] - ɩɥɚɬɢɬɶ
22. extra [ƍekstrԥ] - ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣɥɢɲɧɢɣ ɛɢɥɟɬ
23. a charge [tǏĮ:d ] - ɰɟɧɚ, ɩɥɚɬɚ
24. to take (took, taken)[teÕk, tuk, teÕkn] - ɛɪɚɬɶ
to take out - ɜɵɧɢɦɚɬɶ
25. a couple [k pl] - ɩɚɪɚ, ɞɜɚ
26. then [ðen] - ɬɨɝɞɚ
27. a boarding pass [ƍb฀GÕƾƍSĮ:s] - ɩɨɫɚɞɨɱɧɵɣ ɬɚɥɨɧ
28. information desk[‚ÕQIԥƍPHÕǏn] - ɫɩɪɚɜɨɱɧɵɣ ɫɬɨɥ
29. to leave (left) [li:v, left] - ɭɟɡɠɚɬɶ, ɩɨɤɢɞɚɬɶ, ɭɯɨɞɢɬɶ, ɨɬɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶɫɹ
30. on time - ɜɨɜɪɟɦɹ ɜɬɨɱɧɨɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɨɟɜɪɟɦɹ
31. a delay [dÕƍleÕ@ - ɡɚɞɟɪɠɤɚɨɩɨɡɞɚɧɢɟ
32. probably [ƍpr฀bԥblÕ@ - ɜɟɪɨɹɬɧɨ
33. over [ƍouvԥ@ - ɛɨɥɶɲɟɱɟɦɫɜɵɲɟ
34. a departure lounge[dÕƍSĮ:tǏԥƍlaund ] - ɡɚɥɞɥɹɨɬɴɟɡɠɚɸɳɢɯɩɚɫɫɚɠɢɪɨɜ
35. to wait >ZHÕW@ - ɠɞɚɬɶ
36. an announcement[ԥƍQDXQVPԥQW@ - ɨɛɴɹɜɥɟɧɢɟ
37. to hear (heard) >KÕԥKԥG@ - ɫɥɵɲɚɬɶ
38. to listen [lÕsn] - ɫɥɭɲɚɬɶ
39. to collect [kԥƍOHNW@ - ɡɚɛɢɪɚɬɶ, ɜɡɹɬɶ
40. a hand [hænd] - ɪɭɤɚ
41. a gate [geÕt] - ɡɞ. ɜɵɯɨɞ ɤ ɫɚɦɨɥɟɬɭ
42. Heathrow Airport - ɏɢɬɪɨɭ (ɧɚɡɜɚɧɢɟ ɚɷɪɨɩɨɪɬɚ ɜ Ʌɨɧɞɨɧɟ)
43. clerk >NOĮN@ - ɫɥɭɠɚɳɢɣ

TEXT
At the Airport
Heathrow Airport in London is very large. Hundreds of planes land and take off and
thousands of passengers get on and off planes at Heathrow every day. People usually make
reservations for flights in advance, especially in summer time.
Voronin was in London and today he is going to fly back to Moscow. He is at
Heathrow now. He is at the check-in-desk.

Voronin: Can I check for the flight to Moscow here?


Clerk: Yes, sir. May I have your ticket and passport, please?
Voronin: Certainly. Here you are.
Clerk: Will you put your luggage on the scales? Oh, it’s too heavy. You must pay an
extra charge, I’m afraid.
Voronin: I’ll take out a couple of these catalogues then.
Clerk: Can you put the luggage on the scales again, sir? It’s all right now. You may
take your ticket and passport and here is your boarding-pass.
Voronin: Thank you.
68

Now Voronin is at the information desk.

Voronin: Is the plane for Moscow leaving on time?


Clerk: There’ll be a delay, but it probably won’t be over 30 minutes. Will you go to
the departure lounge and wait for the announcement?
Voronin: Thank you very much.
Clerk: You are welcome.

Soon Voronin will hear the announcement: “Passengers for flight 230 for Moscow
please collect your hand luggage and go to gate 3. Thank you.”
Voronin will fly by an Aeroflot plane.
He’ll enjoy the flight. Three and a half hours later the plane will land at Sheremetyevo
Airport in Moscow. Voronin will be at home again.

Note:
Is the plane for Moscow leaving on time? – Ɋɟɣɫ ɧɚ Ɇɨɫɤɜɭ ɨɬɩɪɚɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɩɨ ɪɚɫɩɢɫɚɧɢɸ?

ɍɩɪ 11. ɋɨɝɥɚɫɢɬɟɫɶɢɥɢɨɩɪɨɜɟɪɝɧɢɬɟɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹɪɚɡɝɨɜɨɪɧɵɟɮɪɚɡɵ


I agree. - əɫɨɝɥɚɫɟɧ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɚ 
I disagree. - əɧɟɫɨɝɥɚɫɟɧ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɚ 
It’s not quite right. - ɗɬɨɧɟɫɨɜɫɟɦɬɚɤ
According to the information from the text… - ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɢ ɢɡ ɬɟɤɫɬɚ…
I do think so. - ə ɬɨɠɟ ɞɭɦɚɸ ɬɚɤ.

1. Heathrow Airport in London is very large.


2. People usually make reservations for flights in advance.
3. Voronin’s luggage was too heavy and he paid an extra charge.
4. The plane for Moscow left on time.
5. Voronin won’t enjoy the flight.

ɍɩɪ12. ɇɚɣɞɢɬɟɜɬɟɤɫɬɟɨɬɜɟɬɵɧɚɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟɜɨɩɪɨɫɵ

1. Why do people make reservations for flights to and from London in advance?
2. Why did Voronin take out some catalogues?
3. Why will Voronin enjoy the flight?
69

ɄɈɇɌɊɈɅɖɇȺə ɊȺȻɈɌȺ ʋ

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ 1. Ɂɚɦɟɧɢɬɟ ɜɵɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɟɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟɥɢɱɧɵɦɢɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɹɦɢ

1. Mr. Bell is the company manager.


a) he b) she c) they
2. Lavrov is in London now.
a) they b) he c) it
3. Is Nancy a nice woman?
a) I b) you c) she
4. Stepanov and Ivanov are economists.
a) you b) they c) he
5. The telephones are on the desks.
a) they b) I c) it
6. The cable is on the table.
a) he b) she c) it
7. How are your children? – Very well, thank you.
a) I b) they c) you

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ 2. ɋɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟ ɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɢɡ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɯ ɫɥɨɜ. ɉɨɥɭɱɟɧɧɵɟɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ


ɩɟɪɟɜɟɞɢɬɟɧɚɪɭɫɫɤɢɣɹɡɵɤ

1. in the evening, is, my elder son, at 7, at home, usually.


2. stay, we, at home, often, in the evening.
3. in the morning, writes, usually, the secretary, letters.
4. watch, after 10, don’t, television.
5. your manager, finish, at 7, his work, sometimes, does?

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ3. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɣɚɪɬɢɤɥɶ

1. I haven’t got … three-room flat.


a) a b) the
2. I’ve got … two-room flat.
a) a b) the
3. … sitting-room is not very large.
a) a b) the
4. We’ve got … sofa in … sitting-room.
a) a b) the
5. … sofa is green.
a) a b) the
6. We often stay at home in … evenings.
a) a b) the
7. I come to … office at 9.
a) a b) the
8. I read telexes and write letters in … morning.
a) a b) the
10. She is … manager.
a) a b) the
70

ɁɚɞɚɧɢɟɁɚɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɩɪɨɩɭɫɤɢɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɦɥɢɱɧɵɦɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɟɦ

1. … has a family.
a) she b) I c) you
2. … am an economist.
a) he b) they c) I
3. … are friends.
a) they b) I c) she
4. … have got a son.
a) she b) you c) it
5. … read letters every day.
a) I b) it c) she
6. … writes letters in the mornings.
a) they b) you c) he

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ 5. Ɂɚɦɟɧɢɬɟ ɩɪɨɩɭɫɤɢ ɩɪɢɬɹɠɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɦɢ ɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɹɦɢ.

1. I have a daughter. … daughter is very nice.


a) your b) his c) my
2. He has got a flat. … flat is very large.
a) my b) their c) his
3. Lavrov and … wife have got three children.
a) their b) his c) your
4. You study English. … English is good.
a) my b) your c) her
5. My husband and I love … children.
a) our b) their c) your

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟȼɦɟɫɬɨɩɪɨɩɭɫɤɨɜɩɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟmuch ɢɥɢmany.

1. He drinks … coffee in the mornings.


2. She reads … letters in the office.
3. They watch … television.
4. I like … milk in the tea.
5. He writes … books.
6. They have got … customers.
7. You know … foreign languages.

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟɉɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɭɸɮɨɪɦɭɝɥɚɝɨɥɚ to be ɜɦɟɫɬɨɩɪɨɩɭɫɤɨɜ

1. I … well, thank you.


a) is b) am c) are
2. My husband … not in London now.
a) is b) am c) are
3. This woman … an economist.
a) is b) am c) are
4. Those … my children.
a) is b) am c) are
5. The offers … on the desk.
a) is b) am c) are
71

6. That … a picture of my family.


a) is b) am c) are
7. I … a manager of a foreign firm.
a) is b) am c) are

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟɇɚɩɢɲɢɬɟɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟɜɨɦɧɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɦɱɢɫɥɟ

office, company, manager, secretary, child, wife, day, evening, man, desk, table, woman,
pencil, pen, firm, contract.

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟɉɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɝɥɚɝɨɥɵɜɫɤɨɛɤɚɯɜɩɨɜɟɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟɧɚɤɥɨɧɟɧɢɟ

1. (to come) to my home.


2. (to read) cables.
3. (not to meet) my friend.
4. (not to read) letters.
5. (to write) offers.

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ ȼɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɭɸɮɨɪɦɭɝɥɚɝɨɥɚ to have.

1. Stepanov … a very large flat.


a) have b) has
2. Children … lunch at 2 o’clock usually.
a) have b) has
3. Our firm … many offers from foreign companies.
a) have b) has
4. We … talks in the evenings.
a) have b) has
5. He … lessons in the mornings.
a) have b) has
6. Petrov … three children.
a) have b) has

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ1. ɉɪɨɱɬɢɬɟɢɩɟɪɟɜɟɞɢɬɟɬɟɤɫɬɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹɫɥɨɜɚɪɶɩɨɦɟɪɟɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɢ

Our Classroom
We are in our classroom. We are at an English lesson. The classroom is light and
clean. There is much air in the room. The ceiling is white, the walls are blue, and the door and
the floor are brown. They are not yellow.
There is a blackboard in the room. It is on the wall. It is big and nice. There are many
tables and chairs there. Is there a map on the wall? No, there isn’t. There is no map on the
wall. There is a picture there. It is a picture of a town.
How many tables and chairs are there in the room? There are ten tables and twenty
chairs there. They are brown. There is a bookcase there too. It is full of English books. There
are few Russian books there, too.

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ 12. Ɂɚɩɨɥɧɢɬɟ ɩɪɨɩɭɫɤɢ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɦɢ ɫɥɨɜɚɦɢ: bookcase, town, map,


tables, lesson, tables and chairs, classroom.

1. We are at an English … .
2. The … is light and clean.
72

3. There are many … and chairs there.


4. Is there a … on the wall?
5. It’s a picture of a … .
6. How many … … … are there in the room?
7. There is a … there, too.

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ13. Ɂɚɤɨɧɱɢɬɟɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɩɨɥɶɡɭɹɫɶɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɟɣɢɡɬɟɤɫɬɚ

1. We are in … .
2. There is much … .
3. The ceiling is white, … .
4. The blackboard is big and … .
5. There are ten tables and … .
6. The bookcase is full of … .

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ14. ɋɨɨɬɧɟɫɢɬɟɞɜɟɱɚɫɬɢɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɣ

1. We are in … a) … of a town.
2. The walls … b) … Russian books.
3. Is there a map … c) … on the wall?
4. It is a picture … d) … our classroom.
5. There are few … e) … are blue.

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ15. ȼɵɩɢɲɢɬɟɢɡɬɟɤɫɬɚɩɪɢɥɚɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɟɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɚɸɳɢɟɰɜɟɬ

ɄɈɇɌɊɈɅɖɇȺəɊȺȻɈɌȺʋ

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɵɣɪɚɫɱɥɟɧɟɧɧɵɣɜɨɩɪɨɫ

1. Nancy is a good secretary, …?


a) isn’t she b) doesn’t she c) hasn’t she
2. Your friends have got a nice house, …?
a) aren’t they b) don’t they c) haven’t they
3. Mr. Bell comes to the office at 9, …?
a) isn’t he b) doesn’t he c) hasn’t he
4. You are very busy all day, …?
a) aren’t you b) don’t you c) haven’t you
5. They have many books at home, …?
a) aren’t they b) don’t they c) haven’t they
6. The president watches television in the evening, …?
a) isn’t he b) doesn’t he c) hasn’t he

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ2. ɍɩɨɬɪɟɛɢɬɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɭɸɮɨɪɦɭɝɥɚɝɨɥɚɜSimple Present Tense.

1. My friend … letters to the customers in the evening.


a) write b) writes
2. My child … television after lunch.
a) watches b) watch
3. I always … at home in the evening.
a) stays b) stay
73

4. Our engineers … lunch at 1.


a) have b) has
5. We … our work at 6.
a) finish b) finishes
6. They … in the office till 4 o’clock.
a) stays b) stay

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ 3. ɋɝɪɭɩɩɢɪɭɣɬɟɫɥɨɜɚɩɨɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɧɵɦɬɟɦɚɦ
I. Ɋɚɛɨɬɚ
II. ɋɟɦɶɹ
IIIɀɢɥɢɳɟ
IV. ɋɜɨɛɨɞɧɨɟ ɜɪɟɦɹ.

1. office, 2. flat, 3. house, 4. to watch television, 5. cable, 6. to read books, 7. table, 8. sofa, 9.
friend, 10, daughter, 11. son, 12. to meet friends, 13. desk, 14. telex, 15. husband, 16.
armchair, 17. carpet, 18. wife, 19. to go out, 20. engineer.

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ4. ȼɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɩɪɨɩɭɳɟɧɧɨɟɫɥɨɜɨ

1. I am an … .
a) read b) cable c) economist
2. He has got a … .
a) flat b) writes c) three sons
3. My … is not very large.
a) nice b) sitting-room c) has
4. This is a … of my family.
a) television b) meet c) picture
5. They … books in the evenings.
a) watch b) read c) television
6. We have got a … in the sitting-room.
a) sofa b) engineers c) stay

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ5. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɵɣɜɚɪɢɚɧɬɨɬɜɟɬɚ

1. Do you have English lessons every day?


a) No, we don’t. b) Yes, we are.
2. Your company is small, isn’t it?
a) Yes, it is. b) No, it doesn’t.
3. How many engineers work for your company?
a) No, they haven’t. b) 10 engineers do.
4. What do you do in the office?
a) I write letters. b) No, you don’t.
5. Does your son drink milk?
a) Yes, he does. b) Yes, he is.
6. Have you a nice large flat?
a) Yes, I am. b) No, I haven’t.
7. Is Petrov your friend?
a) Yes, he is. b) Yes, he does.
74

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ 6. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨɟ ɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ.

1. a) You are at the lessons.


b) You is at the lessons.
2. a) The president have talks with his customers in the evening.
b) The president has talks with his customers in the evening.
3. a) Lavrov learns English.
b) Lavrov learn English.
4. a) Nancy write letters.
b) Nancy writes letters.
5. a) Mr. Bell are the company manager.
b) Mr. Bell is the company manager.
6. a) I come to the office at 9.
b) I comes to the office at 9.

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ7. ɋɨɨɬɧɟɫɢɬɟɞɜɟɱɚɫɬɢɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɣ

1. Petrov learns …
2. The sofa is …
3. His house is …
4. The secretary comes to …
5. Read and write …
6. Sometimes I meet customers from …
7. Our engineers are …
8. I usually come home …

a) … letters.
b) … at 6.
c) … English.
d) … at the talks now.
e) … green.
f) … the office in the morning.
g) … foreign companies.
h) … very nice.

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ8. ɍɤɚɠɢɬɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɭɸɨɬɪɢɰɚɬɟɥɶɧɭɸɮɨɪɦɭ

1. He … stay at home on weekend.


a) doesn’t b) isn’t c) hasn’t
2. I … a secretary.
a) don’t b) am not c) haven’t
3. Stepanov and his wife … a large flat.
a) don’t b) aren’t c) haven’t
4. The cable … on the table.
a) doesn’t b) isn’t c) hasn’t
5. They … watch television in the evening.
a) don’t b) aren’t c) haven’t
6. You … a family.
a) don’t b) aren’t c) haven’t
7. He … a telephone on the table.
a) doesn’t b) isn’t c) hasn’t
75

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ9. ɂɫɩɪɚɜɶɬɟɨɲɢɛɤɭ

1. He does an engineer.
a) is b) has
2. She is a large family.
a) does b) has
3. They write television in the evenings.
a) read b) watch
4.Our engineers are lunch at 12.
a) have b) do
5. I read to the office at 10 in the morning.
a) come b) am
6. Our secretary watches telexes after lunch every day.
a) reads b) is
7. We have always very busy.
a) do b) are

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ 10. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɵɣɤɪɚɬɤɢɣɨɬɜɟɬ

1. Is he an engineer?
a) Yes, he is. b) Yes, he does. c) Yes, he has.
2. Do you always stay in the office all day?
a) Yes, I am. b) Yes, I do. c) Yes, I have.
3. Is your company large?
a) Yes, it is. b) Yes, it does. c) Yes, it has.
4. Are you very busy all day?
a) Yes, we are. b) Yes, we do. c) Yes, we have.
5. Has Lavrov a flat in Moscow?
a) Yes, he is. b) Yes, he does. c) Yes, he has.
6. Do you drink much coffee?
a) Yes, I am. b) Yes, I do. c) Yes, I have.
7. Is Nancy a good secretary?
a) Yes, she is. b) Yes, she does. c) Yes, she has.

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ 11. ɉɪɨɱɬɢɬɟɢɩɟɪɟɜɟɞɢɬɟɬɟɤɫɬɫɩɨɦɨɳɶɸɫɥɨɜɚɪɹ

At Home
At night when I fell tired and sleepy, I go up to my bedroom and switch on the electric
light. I take off my shoes, undress and put on my pajamas. Then I get into bed and switch off
my light. After a few minutes I fall asleep. I sleep the whole night through.
Punctually at seven thirty in the morning the alarm clock rings and wakes me up. I get
out of bed, put on my dressing-gown and slippers and go into the bathroom, where I turn on
the hot and cold water taps. I wash my face and neck and clean my teeth. Then I turn off the
taps and have my bath. Sometimes I have a shower. Then I dry myself with a towel and get
dressed.

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ 12. ȼɫɬɚɜɶɬɟ ɜɦɟɫɬɨ ɩɪɨɩɭɫɤɨɜ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɫɥɨɜɚ: night, face and neck, switch
on, bathroom, morning, taps, sleepy, shoes, pajamas, towel.

1. At night I fell tired and … .


2. I … the electric light.
76

3. I take off my … , undress and put on my … .


4. I sleep the whole … through.
5. In the … the alarm clock rings.
6. In the … I turn on hot and cold water … .
7. I wash my … … … and clean my teeth.
8. I dry myself with a … .

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ13. Ɂɚɤɨɧɱɢɬɟɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɢɫɯɨɞɹɢɡɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɹɬɟɤɫɬɚ

1. At night when I fell tired and sleepy, … .


2. I take off my shoes, undress and … .
3. I get into bed and … .
4. At seven thirty in the morning … .
5. I wash my face and neck and … .
6. Sometimes I have … .

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ14. ɋɨɨɬɧɟɫɢɬɟɞɜɟɱɚɫɬɢɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɣ

1. I go up to my bedroom and …
2. Then I get into bed and …
3. After a few minutes …
4. The alarm clock rings and …
5. I get out of bed and …
6. I turn off the taps and …
7. Then I dry myself with a towel and …

a) … wakes me up.
b) … get dressed.
c) … switch off the light.
d) … switch on the electric light.
e) … I fall asleep.
f) … have my bath.
g) … go into the bathroom.

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ5. ȼɵɩɢɲɢɬɟɢɡɬɟɤɫɬɚɫɥɨɜɚɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɚɸɳɢɟɚ ɱɚɫɬɢɥɢɰɚɢɬɟɥɚɛ ɨɛɭɜɶɢ


ɨɞɟɠɞɭ

ɄɈɇɌɊɈɅɖɇȺəɊȺȻɈɌȺʋ3

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɭɸɮɨɪɦɭɝɥɚɝɨɥɚ

1. Mr. Bell is/ are a manager.


2. They have/has a nice flat.
3. The secretary reads/read letters in the morning.
4. I are/am an economist in a large company.
5. Write/writes letters.
6. Yesterday we translate/translated letters in the office.
7. Our family will go/ went to the seaside next summer.
8. Voronin will be/ was in London last year.
9. Our company will sign/signed the contract with IBM next Monday.
10. Voronin heard/hears the announcement in Heathrow Airport.
77

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ2. ɍɩɨɬɪɟɛɢɬɟɧɭɠɧɭɸɮɨɪɦɭɝɥɚɝɨɥɚto be.

1. I … an engineer.
a) am b) is c) are
2. They … in the office now.
a) am b) is c) are
3. The secretary … a nice woman.
a) am b) is c) are
4. You … customers from different companies.
a) am b) is c) are
5. He … the president of our company.
a) am b) is c) are
6. The house … very large.
a) am b) is c) are
7. Her sitting-room … large.
a) am b) is c) are
8. Their sons … lazy boys.
a) am b) is c) are

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ3. Ɂɚɩɨɥɧɢɬɟ ɩɪɨɩɭɫɤɢɚɪɬɢɤɥɹɦɢa(an), the.

It is Mr. Bell. He is … president of … company. He is in … office now. It is … table.


… table is large. It is … telephone. … telephone is on … table. It is … offer on … table. …
offer is from Black and Co. It is … contract with GML.

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ4. ɋɨɨɬɧɟɫɢɬɟɫɥɨɜɚɢɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɹɩɨɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɦɬɟɦɚɦ
IɊɚɛɨɱɢɣɞɟɧɶ
IIȾɨɫɭɝ

1. to stay in the office, 2. to read book, 3. telex, 4. tɨ go out, 5. customer, 6. talks, 7. a foreign
trade company, 8. to meet friends, 9. to have lessons, 10. to have talks, 11. to watch
television, 12. many books at home, 13. to be very busy all day in the office, 14. to finish
work at 8, 15. to stay with family all weekend; 16. to go to the seaside; 17. to make a
reservation for a flight in advance; 18. to sign contracts; 19. to meet with foreign customers;
20. to sunbathe and swim in the sea.

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ5. Ɂɚɩɨɥɧɢɬɟ ɩɪɨɩɭɫɤɢ ɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɢɦɢ ɫɥɨɜɚɦɢ: very, family, man, picture, doctor,
engineer, children, wife, young.

This is a … of a family. The … is large and nice. This is Pavlov. He is a young … . He


is an … . And this is his … . She is a … woman too. She is a … . These are their … . Their
children are … nice.

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ6. ɍɤɚɠɢɬɟɤɚɤɢɟɨɬɜɟɬɵɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɬɤɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɦɜɨɩɪɨɫɚɦ

1. What are you? a) I am an economist.


b) I read books in the evenings.
c) Yes, I am.
2. Is your family large? a) No, they don’t.
b) Yes, it is.
c) We always meet our customers.
78

3. How are you? a) We are in the office.


b) No, I am not.
c) Very well. Thank you.
4. Where are you now? a) We are at the lessons.
b) We translate from English into French every
day.
c) Yes, we are.
5. Have you a son or a daughter? a) I am in the office now.
b) No, I haven’t.
c) I have a son.

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ7. ɋɨɨɬɧɟɫɢɬɟɥɢɱɧɨɟɢɩɪɢɬɹɠɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɟɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɹ

1. I a) our
2. you b) their
3. he c) my
4. she d) his
5. it e) its
6. we f) her
7. they g) your

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ 8. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɬɟ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɫɬɨɹɬ ɜɨ ɦɧɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɦ


ɱɢɫɥɟ

table, cables, child, telex, days, women, companies, sons, man, daughter, houses, flat, offers,
customer, morning, rooms, colours, friend, presidents, pen, children, city, armchairs, men,
carpet.

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ9. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɟɫɬɨɹɬɜɩɪɢɬɹɠɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɦɩɚɞɟɠɟ

boy’s, desks, cables, office’s, president’s, children, lunch, daughter’s, sons’, customers’, pens,
sons, letters, wife’s.

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ0. Ɂɚɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɩɪɨɩɭɫɤɢ

1. She drinks … coffee.


a) much b) many
2. They translate … texts.
a) much b) many
3. He has … children.
a) much b) many
4. … cables are on the desk.
a) much b) many
5. You know … foreign languages.
a) much b) many
6. He doesn’t drink … milk.
a) much b) many
7. I always have … milk in tea.
a) much b) many
8. The secretary writes … letters in the office.
a) much b) many
79

9. Their large company has … customers in different cities.


a) much b) many
10.Our family likes to swim … .
a) much b) many

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟȼɩɢɲɢɬɟɩɪɨɩɭɳɟɧɧɵɟɮɨɪɦɵɩɪɢɥɚɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɯɢɧɚɪɟɱɢɣ

1. good – … – the best


2. nice – nicer –…
3. … – less – the least
4. much – … – the most
5. famous – more famous –…
6. … – younger – the youngest
7. interesting – … – the most interesting
8. … – worse – the worst
9. old – … – the eldest
10. expensive – more expensive –…

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ 12. Ɂɚɩɢɲɢɬɟ ɱɢɫɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɰɢɮɪɚɦɢ.

1. twenty five; 2. one hundred and seven; 3. thirteen; 4. eight; 5. sixty six; 6. seven hundred
and nine; 7. three thousand; 8. eight thousand four hundred and fourteen; 9. forty four; 10.
fifteen.

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟȼɩɢɲɢɬɟɧɭɠɧɨɟɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɟ

1. Here are (some, any) letters for you.


2. Take (any, some) coffee, please.
3. There aren’t (any, some) books.
4. Give me (something, anything) to read.
5. (Nobody, anybody) knows him.
6. How (much, many) letters are there on my table?
7. He has (little, few) milk in the tea.
8. May I have (little, few) coffee?
9. (Everybody, somebody) must translate this text.
10. How (little, few) words you know!

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟɋɪɚɜɧɢɬɟɚɧɝɥɢɣɫɤɢɟɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɢɪɭɫɫɤɢɣɩɟɪɟɜɨɞɤɧɢɦ

1. My friend studies at the University.


2. My friend studied at the University two years ago.
3. My friend will study at the University next year.
4. Voronin took out a couple of catalogues from his luggage.
5. Voronin always makes a reservation for a flight in advance.
6. Voronin will enjoy the flight.

a) Ɇɨɣɞɪɭɝɛɭɞɟɬɭɱɢɬɶɫɹɜɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɢɬɟɬɟɜɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɦɝɨɞɭ
b) Ɇɨɣɞɪɭɝɭɱɢɬɫɹ ɜɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɢɬɟɬɟ
c) Ɇɨɣɞɪɭɝɭɱɢɥɫɹɜɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɢɬɟɬɟɞɜɚɝɨɞɚɧɚɡɚɞ
d) ȼɨɪɨɧɢɧɜɫɟɝɞɚɡɚɪɚɧɟɟɡɚɤɚɡɵɜɚɟɬɛɢɥɟɬɵɧɚɫɚɦɨɥɟɬ
e) ȼɨɪɨɧɢɧɛɭɞɟɬɧɚɫɥɚɠɞɚɬɶɫɹɩɨɥɟɬɨɦ
f) ȼɨɪɨɧɢɧɜɵɬɚɳɢɥɩɚɪɭɤɚɬɚɥɨɝɨɜ ɢɡɛɚɝɚɠɚ
80

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɭɸɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɭɸɮɨɪɦɭ

1. Planes for London … from Sheremetyevo airport.


a) leave b) left c) will leave
2. When will the plane leave? The plane … in ten minutes.
a) takes off b) took off c) will take off
3. Last year we … our holiday in Sochi.
a) spend b) spent c) will spend
4. The English seaside … very popular.
a) is b) was c) will be
5. Last summer was very hot and we … a lot.
a) swim b) swam c) will swim
6. Voronin always … a reservation for flight.
a) makes b) made c) will make.
7. Our family … on a camping holiday next autumn.
a) go b) went c) will go
8. His company … contracts every month.
a) signs b) signed c) will sign
9. I … to my office by bus.
a) get b) got c) will get
10. We … a new comfortable flat last year.
a) get b) got c) will get

ɄɈɇɌɊɈɅɖɇȺəɊȺȻɈɌȺʋ

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɣɦɨɞɚɥɶɧɵɣɝɥɚɝɨɥ

1. She … speak English.


a) can b) may c) must
2. He … translate from English into Russian.
a) cannot b) mayn’t c) needn’t
3. You … come tomorrow.
a) can b) may c) must
4. … smoke here?
a) can b) may c) must
5. You … study well.
a) can b) may c) must
6. Must I go there now? – No, you … .
a) cannot b) mayn’t c) needn’t
7. Must we always buy tickets to the cinema in advance? – No, you … .
a) mayn’t b) mustn’t c) needn’t
8. “You … watch television, Bobby,” said mother.
a) can b) may c) must
9. We … help our friends.
a) can b) may c) must
10.We … be late to the examination.
a) cannot b) mayn’t c) mustn’t

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ2. Ʉɚɤɨɣɩɟɪɟɜɨɞɞɚɧɧɨɝɨɚɧɝɥɢɣɫɤɨɝɨɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɟɧ"

This book is less interesting than that one.


81

1. ɗɬɚɤɧɢɝɚɛɨɥɟɟɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɧɚɹɱɟɦɬɚ
2. ɗɬɚɤɧɢɝɚɬɚɤɚɹɠɟɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɧɚɹɤɚɤɬɚ
3. ɗɬɚɤɧɢɝɚɫɚɦɚɹɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɧɚɹ
4. ɗɬɚɤɧɢɝɚɦɟɧɟɟɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɧɚɹɱɟɦɬɚ

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ 3. ȼ ɤɚɤɨɦ ɢɡ ɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɣ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬ ɨɛɥɚɞɚɟɬ ɧɚɢɜɵɫɲɢɦ


ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɨɦ"

1. This house is newer than my house.


2. This house is as new as my house.
3. This house is very new.
4. This house is the newest in our town.

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ4. ɄɚɤɨɟɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɜɵɛɵɜɵɛɪɚɥɢɟɫɥɢɛɵɯɨɬɟɥɢɫɤɚɡɚɬɶɱɬɨɆɨɫɤɜɚ–
ɫɚɦɵɣɛɨɥɶɲɨɣɝɨɪɨɞɜɊɨɫɫɢɢ"

1. Moscow is a large city of Russia.


2. Moscow is the largest city of Russia.
3. Moscow is one of the largest cities of Russia.

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ5. ɇɚɩɢɲɢɬɟɬɪɢɮɨɪɦɵɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɯɝɥɚɝɨɥɨɜ

to be, to make, to receive, to spend, to sign, to read, to write, to translate, to give, to get.

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ6. ɉɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɢɩɟɪɟɜɟɞɢɬɟɬɟɤɫɬɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟɫɥɨɜɚɪɶ

***
Mrs. Foster lives with her husband in New York City, but her daughter lives in France.
Today Mrs. Foster is going to fly to Paris.
“The plane is leaving at 11,” she told her husband. “But I must be at the airport an
hour in advance to check in for the flight. Where is the car?”
“The car is here. The driver is going to put the luggage in,” Mr. Foster said.
A few minutes later Mr. and Mrs. Foster went out and got into the car. At the airport
Mrs. Foster went to the information-desk:
“Is the plane to Paris leaving on time?”
“No,” the clerk said. “There is a delay as it’s foggy and windy. But please don’t leave
the airport. The weather can clear any moment.”
When Mrs. Foster heard the news she went to the departure lounge. Only at 6 in the
evening she heard the announcement:
“Flight 205 to Paris will leave at 11 o’clock tomorrow.”
Mrs. Foster was very tired, but she didn’t want to leave the airport and go home.

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ7. Ɂɚɩɨɥɧɢɬɟ ɩɪɨɩɭɫɤɢ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɦɢ ɫɥɨɜɚɦɢ: announcement, in advance,


tired, husband, weather, leaving, delay, leave, luggage, departure, windy.

1. Mrs. Foster lives with her … in New York City.


2. The plane is … at 11.
3. Mrs. Foster must be at the airport … … .
4. The driver will put the … in.
5. There was a … as it’s foggy and … .
6. The … can clear any moment.
7. Mrs. Foster went to the … lounge.
8. Only at 6 she heard an … .
9. Flight to Paris will … at 11 tomorrow.
10. Mrs. Foster was very … .
82

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ8. Ɂɚɤɨɧɱɢɬɟɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɩɨɥɶɡɭɹɫɶɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɟɣɢɡɬɟɤɫɬɚ

1. Mrs. Foster’s daughter lives … .


2. Mrs. Foster must be at the airport in advance to … .
3. A few minutes later the Fosters went out and … .
4. At the airport Mrs. Foster went to … .
5. There was a delay as … .
6. When Mrs. Foster heard the news she … .
7. Mrs. Foster was tired and … .

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ9. ɋɨɨɬɧɟɫɢɬɟɞɜɟɱɚɫɬɢɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɣ

1. The Fosters live ...


2. Their daughter lives …
3. Mrs. Foster is going to fly …
4. The car was …
5. Mrs. Foster must be at the airport in advance …
6. The driver was going …
7. At the airport Mrs. Foster went …
8. There was a delay as …
9. The weather can clear …
10. Flight to Paris will leave …

a) … to put the luggage in.


b) … in France.
c) … any moment.
d) … it’s foggy and windy.
e) … to check in for the flight.
f) … in New York City.
g) … to Paris.
h) … at 11 o’clock tomorrow.
i) … to the information-desk.
j) … waiting.

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ10. Ɂɚɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɩɪɨɩɭɫɤɢɧɟɞɨɫɬɚɸɳɢɦɢɩɪɟɞɥɨɝɚɦɢat, with, to, in, out, into.

1. Mrs. Foster lives … her husband … New York City.


2. Today she is going to fly … Paris.
3. The plane is leaving … 11.
4. She must be … the airport … advance.
5. The Fosters went … and got … the car.
6. … the airport Mrs. Foster went … the information-desk.
7. Only … 6 … the evening she heard the announcement.

Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ11. Ɉɬɜɟɬɶɬɟɧɚɜɨɩɪɨɫɵɩɨɬɟɤɫɬɭ

1. Where does Mrs. Foster live?


2. Has she a daughter?
3. Her daughter lives in France, doesn’t she?
4. Does Mrs. Foster go to Paris by plane?
5. Is there a delay of Mrs. Foster’s flight?
6. Did she leave the airport?
83

ɉɊɂɅɈɀȿɇɂȿ
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚʋ
ɌȺȻɅɂɐȺɇȿɉɊȺȼɂɅɖɇɕɏȽɅȺȽɈɅɈȼ

ɢɧɮɢɧɢɬɢɜ ɩɪɨɲɟɞɲɟɟɜɪɟɦɹ ɩɪɢɱɚɫɬɢɟII ɩɟɪɟɜɨɞ


(2-ɹɮɨɪɦɚ (3-ɹɮɨɪɦɚ
be was, were been ɛɵɬɶ
become became become ɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɶɫɹ
come came come ɩɪɢɯɨɞɢɬɶ
do did done ɞɟɥɚɬɶ
drink drank drunk ɩɢɬɶ
find found found ɧɚɯɨɞɢɬɶ
fly flew flown ɥɟɬɚɬɶ
get got got ɩɨɥɭɱɚɬɶ
go went gone ɢɞɬɢ
have had had ɢɦɟɬɶ
hear heard heard ɫɥɵɲɚɬɶ
know knew known ɡɧɚɬɶ
leave left left ɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɬɶ
make made made ɞɟɥɚɬɶ
mean meant meant ɡɧɚɱɢɬɶ
meet met met ɜɫɬɪɟɱɚɬɶ
pay paid paid ɩɥɚɬɢɬɶ
put put put ɤɥɚɫɬɶ
read read read ɱɢɬɚɬɶ
say said said ɝɨɜɨɪɢɬɶ
see saw seen ɜɢɞɟɬɶ
send sent sent ɩɨɫɵɥɚɬɶ
sit sat sat ɫɢɞɟɬɶ
speak spoke spoken ɝɨɜɨɪɢɬɶ
spend spent spent ɬɪɚɬɢɬɶ
swim swam swum ɩɥɚɜɚɬɶ
take took taken ɛɪɚɬɶ
think thought thought ɞɭɦɚɬɶ
write wrote written ɩɢɫɚɬɶ
84

ɋɉɂɋɈɄɂɋɉɈɅɖɁɍȿɆɈɃɅɂɌȿɊȺɌɍɊɕ

 Ⱥɧɝɥɢɣɫɤɢɣ ɹɡɵɤ ɞɥɹ ɫɬɭɞɟɧɬɨɜ-ɡɚɨɱɧɢɤɨɜ Ƚɭɦɚɧɢɬɚɪɧɵɟ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ


ɭɱɟɛɧɨɟɩɨɫɨɛɢɟɅȼɏɜɟɞɱɟɧɹ ɢɞɪ– Ɇɧȼɵɲɲɤ– ɫ
 Ȼɨɧɤ ɇȺ ɍɱɟɛɧɢɤ ɚɧɝɥɢɣɫɤɨɝɨ ɹɡɵɤɚ  ɇȺ Ȼɨɧɤ ȽȺ Ʉɨɬɢɣ ɇȺ
Ʌɭɤɶɹɧɨɜɚ– ɂɜɚɧɨɜɨɎɢɪɦɚ©Ɏɨɪɚª– ɑ– ɫ
 Ƚɨɥɢɰɢɧɫɤɢɣ ɘȻ Ƚɪɚɦɦɚɬɢɤɚ ɫɛɨɪɧɢɤ ɭɩɪɚɠɧɟɧɢɣ  ɘȻ Ƚɨɥɢɰɢɧɫɤɢɣ–
ɋɉɛɄȺɊɈ– ɫ
4. Ⱦɪɨɡɞɨɜɚ Ɍ.ɘ. English Grammar: Reference and Practice ɌɘȾɪɨɡɞɨɜɚȺɂ
ȻɟɪɟɫɬɨɜɚȼȽɆɚɢɥɨɜɚ– ɋɉɛɈɈɈ©ɏɢɦɟɪɚª0. – ɫ
 ɍɱɟɛɧɢɤ ɚɧɝɥɢɣɫɤɨɝɨ ɹɡɵɤɚ ɞɥɹ ɞɟɥɨɜɨɝɨ ɨɛɳɟɧɢɹ  ȽȺȾɭɞɤɢɧɚ Ɇȼ
ɉɚɜɥɨɜɚɁȽɊɟɣȺɌɏɜɚɥɶɧɨɜɚ– Ɍɂɡɞ-ɩɨɥɢɝɪɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɟɢɦɂɛɧɋɢɧɵ
– ɑ– ɫ
85

ɋɈȾȿɊɀȺɇɂȿ

ȼɜɟɞɟɧɢɟ.................................................................................................................................... 3
ȼɜɨɞɧɨ-ɮɨɧɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɣɤɭɪɫ ..................................................................................................... 5
ɍɪɨɤɎɨɧɟɬɢɤɚ ..................................................................................................................... 7
Ƚɪɚɦɦɚɬɢɤɚ ɩɪɨɫɬɨɟɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɫɝɥɚɝɨɥɨɦ“to be” ........................................ 7
ɌɟɤɫɬAn Office ........................................................................................................ 9
Ɋɚɡɝɨɜɨɪɧɚɹɩɪɚɤɬɢɤɚ................................................................................................ 9
ɍɪɨɤɎɨɧɟɬɢɤɚ .................................................................................................................. 10
Ƚɪɚɦɦɚɬɢɤɚɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɧɨɟɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɢɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɟɜɨɩɪɨɫɵɫ
ɝɥɚɝɨɥɨɦ“to be”ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɣɚɪɬɢɤɥɶ .............................................................. 11
Ɍɟɤɫɬ: In the Office ................................................................................................... 14
Ɋɚɡɝɨɜɨɪɧɚɹ ɩɪɚɤɬɢɤɚ.............................................................................................. 15
ɍɪɨɤ 3: Ɏɨɧɟɬɢɤɚ .................................................................................................................. 16
Ƚɪɚɦɦɚɬɢɤɚɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɟɜɪɟɦɹɝɥɚɝɨɥɚ“to be”ɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɹthis, that;
ɦɧɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɟɱɢɫɥɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯɩɨɜɟɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟɧɚɤɥɨɧɟɧɢɟ;
ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟɱɢɫɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ .............................................................................. 17
Ɋɟɱɟɜɵɟɦɨɞɟɥɢ....................................................................................................... 20
Ɍɟɤɫɬ: Lavrov and Mr. Bell ..................................................................................... 21
Ɋɚɡɝɨɜɨɪɧɚɹ ɩɪɚɤɬɢɤɚ............................................................................................. 22
ɍɪɨɤɎɨɧɟɬɢɤɚ .................................................................................................................. 23
Ƚɪɚɦɦɚɬɢɤɚɩɪɢɬɹɠɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɟɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɹɩɪɢɬɹɠɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɣɩɚɞɟɠ
ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯɝɥɚɝɨɥɶɧɚɹɮɨɪɦɚhave gotɚɥɶɬɟɪɧɚɬɢɜɧɵɣɜɨɩɪɨɫ;
ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟɱɢɫɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ............................................................................. 24
Ɋɟɱɟɜɵɟɦɨɞɟɥɢ....................................................................................................... 27
ɌɟɤɫɬMr. Bell’s House ........................................................................................... 28
Ɋɚɡɝɨɜɨɪɧɚɹɩɪɚɤɬɢɤɚ............................................................................................. 29
ɍɪɨɤɎɨɧɟɬɢɤɚ .................................................................................................................. 33
Ƚɪɚɦɦɚɬɢɤɚɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɟɩɪɨɫɬɨɟɜɪɟɦɹɧɚɪɟɱɢɹɧɟɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɨɝɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ
ɨɬɪɢɰɚɬɟɥɶɧɚɹɮɨɪɦɚɩɨɜɟɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨɧɚɤɥɨɧɟɧɢɹ ............................................ 33
Ɋɟɱɟɜɵɟɦɨɞɟɥɢ....................................................................................................... 37
ɌɟɤɫɬAfter Lunch ................................................................................................... 37
Ɋɚɡɝɨɜɨɪɧɚɹɩɪɚɤɬɢɤɚ............................................................................................. 38
ɍɪɨɤɎɨɧɟɬɢɤɚ .................................................................................................................. 42
Ƚɪɚɦɦɚɬɢɤɚɜɨɩɪɨɫɵɤɩɨɞɥɟɠɚɳɟɦɭɩɪɢɥɚɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɟmuch, many;
ɪɚɫɱɥɟɧɟɧɧɵɟɜɨɩɪɨɫɵ .......................................................................................... 42
Ɋɟɱɟɜɵɟ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ...................................................................................................... 44
Ɍɟɤɫɬ: Is It Difficult for You to Learn English? ...................................................... 45
Ɋɚɡɝɨɜɨɪɧɚɹɩɪɚɤɬɢɤɚ............................................................................................. 47
ɍɪɨɤȽɪɚɦɦɚɬɢɤɚɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹthere is/areɝɥɚɝɨɥ“to be” ɜɩɪɨɲɟɞɲɟɦɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ
ɩɨɪɹɞɤɨɜɵɟɱɢɫɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟɦɟɫɬɨɢɦɟɧɢɹsome, any ........................................... 50
Ɍɟɤɫɬ: There is no Place like Home ......................................................................... 53
ɍɪɨɤȽɪɚɦɦɚɬɢɤɚɩɪɨɫɬɨɟɩɪɨɲɟɞɲɟɟɜɪɟɦɹɩɪɢɥɚɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɟɢɧɚɪɟɱɢɹlittle, few,
muchɫɬɟɩɟɧɢɫɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɹɩɪɢɥɚɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɯɫɪɚɜɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ…….56
ɌɟɤɫɬTalking about Holidays ................................................................................ 60
ɍɪɨɤȽɪɚɦɦɚɬɢɤɚɩɪɨɫɬɨɟɛɭɞɭɳɟɟɜɪɟɦɹɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɧɵɟɫɥɨɜɚɨɬsome, any, no,
everyɦɨɞɚɥɶɧɵɟɝɥɚɝɨɥɵcan, may, must ............................................................ 62
ɌɟɤɫɬAt the Airport ............................................................................................... 66
Ʉɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɚɹɪɚɛɨɬɚʋ1 ..................................................................................................... .69
Ʉɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɚɹɪɚɛɨɬɚʋ....................................................................................................... 72
Ʉɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɚɹɪɚɛɨɬɚ ʋ....................................................................................................... 76
Ʉɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɚɹɪɚɛɨɬɚ ʋ....................................................................................................... 80
ɉɪɢɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɬɚɛɥɢɰɚɧɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɵɯɝɥɚɝɨɥɨɜ .................................................................. 83
ɋɩɢɫɨɤɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɦɨɣɥɢɬɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ ...................................................................................... 84
Учебное издание

Першина Елена Юрьевна

АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК
ДЛЯ НАЧИНАЮЩИХ

Учебное пособие

Подписано в печать 20.02.2012.


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