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Respected Sir,

Subject: SUBMISSION OF LABORATORY REPORT-04

This report is submitted in account of practical performed on January 31st ,2011 in the laboratory
session of CVE 332: Geotechnical Engineering Laboratory.
It was a group task in which we used a soil sample and determined “Atterberg limits” under all
the conditions that apply for safety measures and laboratory use. We were supervised by the
laboratory staff and instructor throughout the lab session.
This report presents the data collected during the practical and details of performance to show
various details of the practical.

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Signature here!!

YOUR NAME, title


ATTERBERG LIMITS DETERMINATION

(PLASTIC LIMIT & LIQUID LIMIT)

Performed on January 31, 2011

Submitted on January 31, 2011

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members
INTRODUCTION
Atterberg limit test is performed on a sample of soil which posses white and powdery form. The
practical are conducted as per ASTM standards which specified the method and the apparatus.
Liquid limit test is performed on Casagrande Liquid Limit Device.

RESULTS

Following are the results obtained by the ATTERBERG LIMIT DETERMINATION TEST:
• Liquid Limit of the soil is found to be 56.07%.
• Plastic Limit is found to be 34.32%.
• Flow index is found to be 9.01.
• Plasticity Index is found to be 21.740.

DISCUSSION

Standard Reference:
ASTM D4318 Standard Test Methods for Liquid Limit, Plastic Limit and Plasticity of Soils.

The standard stated above, unlike other standards does not provide specifications to ensure safety
and it is up to the user to stay on the safe side.
Atterberg Limits are the limits that distinguish the several consistency states of soil. Liquid Limit
and Plastic Limit is collectively termed as Atterberg Limit of Soil. Sample is prepared for Liquid
Limit by adding adequate water to the soil and by varying the moisture. Plastic Limit is
performed on the sample prepared for Liquid Limit.

According to ASTM D4318;


Liquid Limit is defined as: “The water content, in percent, of a soil at the arbitrary defined
boundary between the semi-liquid and plastic states”.
Plastic Limit is defined as: “The water content, in percent, of a soil at the boundary between the
plastic and semi-solid states”.
APPENDIX

DATA SHEET
LIQUID LIMIT
Can No. 14 20 22
Mass of can (g) 10.43 10.35 10.25
Mass of Wet Soil + can (g) 42.77 27.97 31.3
Mass of Dry Soil + can (g) 31.75 21.79 23.64
Mass of Dry Soil (g) 21.32 11.44 13.39
Mass of Moisture (g) 11.02 6.18 7.66
Water Content, w% 51.6886 54.021 57.2069
No. of Blows N 44 34 21

PLASTIC LIMIT
Can No. 39
Mass of can (g) 10.29
Mass of Wet Soil + can (g) 18.9
Mass of Dry Soil + can (g) 16.7
Mass of Dry Soil (g) 6.41
Mass of Moisture (g) 2.2
34.321
Water Content, w% 4

SAMPLE CALCULATIONS
LIQUID LIMIT
At N=25 blows ; Liquid Limit = 56.07

PLASTIC LIMIT
Plastic Limit = Mass of Moisture Mass of Dry Soil *100 = 34.32

FLOW INDEX
Flow Index , Fl =w1(%)-w2(%)lnN2-lnN1 = 9.04

PLASTICITY INDEX
Plasticity Index, PI = LL – PL = 56.07 – 34.3214 = 21.7486
GRAPHS

REFERENCES

1. ASTM D4318
2. Laurence D. Wesley, "Fundamentals of Soil Mechanics for Sedimentary and
Residual Soils" , 2010 by John Wiley and Sons
3. Kaniraj, Shenbaga R. Kaniraj , “Design aids in soil mechanics and foundation
engineering”, 1988 by Tata Mc-Graw-Hill