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Adjustment

2S-E and 3S-GE Engines


Fig. 1: Connecting a tachometer to adjust idle speed — 2S-E
engine

Fig. 2: Connecting a tachometer to adjust idle speed — 3S-


GE engine

1. Warm up the engine until it reaches normal operating temperature.


2. The air cleaner should be in place and all wires and vacuum hoses connected. All accessories
should be off and the transmission in neutral.
3. Connect a tachometer to the engine.
Fig. 3: Pinching vacuum hose No. 1 — 3S-GE engine

Fig. 4: Disconnecting the vsv connector — 2S-E engine

Fig. 5: Adjusting the idle speed — 2S-E and 3S-GE engines


4. Run the engine at 2,500 rpm for 2 minutes. This insures that the oxygen sensor and other
sensors are fully up to temperature and stabilized.
5. Let the engine return to idle. Pinch the No.1 air intake chamber vacuum hose on the 3S-GE. On
the 2S-E, disconnect the Vacuum Switching Valve (vsv) from the Idle Speed Control (isc)
motor.
6. Set the idle speed by turning the idle adjusting screw to obtain the proper idle speed.
7. Remove the tachometer and reinstall any covers or caps which were removed from the service
connector.

3S-FE Engine
1. Make sure all these conditions are met before attempting to adjust the idle: all lines and hoses
connected (including vacuum hoses), all fuel injection wiring correctly connected, air cleaner in
place, all electrical accessories switched off, transmission in neutral (parking brake set and
wheels blocked).
2. Warm the engine to normal operating temperature.
3. Connect the tachometer.
4. Use a jumper wire to connect terminal te1or T and terminal E1of the check connector.
5. Hold the engine at 1000–1300 rpm for 5 seconds. Release the throttle and check the idle speed.
With the jumper wire in place, the idle should be about 650 rpm.
6. If the idle is not at specification, remove the cap and adjust the idle speed adjusting screw on the
throttle body.
7. Remove the jumper wire and check the idle speed again; it should now be the value in the
Specification Chart.
8. If the idle is not at the specified value, start the engine and idle it for 30 seconds. Turn it off,
then repeat the entire pattern (start — idle — off) several times. This should store the correct
idle value within the Idle Speed Control unit (isc) and the idle rpm will be at the correct setting.
9. Disconnect the tachometer and replace any covers or plugs which were removed from the
service connector.
Fig. 6: Shorting the check connector terminals for adjusting
the idle speed — 3S-FE and 1990 5S-FE engines

Fig. 7: Adjusting the idle speed — 3S-FE and 1990 5S-FE


engines

5S-FE Engine

1990

1. Make sure all these conditions are met before attempting to adjust the idle: all lines and hoses
connected (including vacuum hoses), all fuel injection wiring correctly connected, air cleaner in
place, all electrical accessories switched off, transmission in neutral (parking brake set and
wheels blocked).
2. Warm the engine to normal operating temperature.
3. Connect the tachometer.
4. Use a jumper wire to connect terminal te1or T and terminal E1of the check connector.
5. Hold the engine at 1000–1300 rpm for 5 seconds. Release the throttle and check the idle speed.
With the jumper wire in place, the idle should be about 650 rpm.
6. If the idle is not at specification, remove the cap and adjust the idle speed adjusting screw on the
throttle body.
7. Remove the jumper wire and check the idle speed again; it should now be the value in the
Specification Chart.
8. If the idle is not at the specified value, start the engine and idle it for 30 seconds. Turn it off,
then repeat the entire pattern (start — idle — off) several times. This should store the correct
idle value within the Idle Speed Control unit (isc) and the idle rpm will be at the correct setting.
9. Disconnect the tachometer and replace any covers or plugs which were removed from the
service connector.

1991–93

1. Make sure the engine is at normal operating temperature. Connect a tachometer and race the
engine at 2500 rpm for 90 seconds. Check the idle speed and compare to the Specifications
Chart.
2. If the rpm is not in specification, check the isc valve.
A. Connect terminals te1 and E1 of the check connector with a jumper wire.
B. After the engine rpm are kept at 900–1300 rpm for 5 seconds, check that idle speed
returns.
C. Remove the jumper wire.
D. Disconnect the isc valve connector.
E. Measure the resistance between the terminal +B and the other terminals (iscc, isco). The
resistance should be 19.3–22.3 ohms each.
F. If the resistance is not as specified, remove the isc valve and gasket from the throttle
body and replace them.
3. If the idle speed is still not within specifications, check the ecu wiring and ecu system.
Fig. 8: Checking the isc valve resistances — 1991–93 5S-FE
engine
3S-GTE Engine

1988–89

1. Make sure the engine is at normal operating temperature.


2. Disconnect the isc valve connector.
3. Check that the engine rpm are at 1000 rpm or more.
Fig. 9: Disconnecting the isc valve connector — 1988–89 3S-
GTE engine

Fig. 10: Reconnecting the isc valve connector — 1988–89 3S-


GTE engine
Fig. 11: Checking the isc valve resistances — 1988–89 3S-
GTE engine

4. Reconnect the isc valve connector.


5. Check that the idle speed returns to 700–800 rpm. If the rpm operation is not as specified, check
the isc valve.
A. Disconnect the isc valve connector.
B. Measure the resistance between the terminal +B and the other terminals (isc 1, isc 2).
The resistance should be 16.0 ohms each.
C. If the resistance is not as specified, remove the isc valve and gasket from the throttle
body, using the proper procedures, and replace.
6. If the rpm still are not within specifications, check the ecu wiring and ecu system.
Fig. 12: Removing the isc valve — 1988–89 3S-GTE engine
Fig. 13: Replacing the isc valve gasket — 1988–89 3S-GTE
engine

1990–93

1. Make sure the engine is at normal operating temperature.


2. Disconnect the isc valve connector.
3. Check that the engine rpm are at 1000 or more.
4. Reconnect the isc valve connector.
5. Check that the idle speed returns to 750–850 rpm. If the rpm operation is not as specified, check
the isc valve.
A. Disconnect the isc valve connector.
B. Measure the resistance between the terminal +B and the other terminals (rsc, rso). The
resistance should be 19.3–22.3 ohms each.
C. If the resistance is not as specified, remove the isc valve and gasket from the throttle
body and replace them.
6. If the rpm still are not within specifications, check the ecu wiring and ecu system.
Fig. 14: Disconnecting the isc valve connector — 1990–93
3S-GTE engine

Fig. 15: Reconnecting the isc valve connector — 1990–93 3S-


GTE engine

Fig. 16: Checking the isc valve resistances — 1990–93 3S-


GTE engine
Fig. 17: Removing the isc valve — 1990–93 3S-GTE engine

4A-FE Engine
1. Make sure all these conditions are met before attempting to adjust the idle: all lines and hoses
connected (including vacuum hoses), all fuel injection wiring correctly connected, air cleaner in
place, all electrical accessories switched off, transmission in neutral (parking brake set and
wheels blocked).
2. Warm the engine to normal operating temperature.
3. Connect the tachometer.
4. Hold the engine at 2500 rpm for approximately 2 minutes.
5. Use a jumper wire to connect terminals Te1 and E1 of the check connector. The idle speed
should be 800 rpm with the cooling fan (radiator fan) off.
6. If the idle is not at specification, remove the cap and adjust the idle speed adjusting screw on the
throttle body. Make the adjustment with the cooling fan off.
7. Remove the jumper wire and disconnect the tachometer. Replace any caps or covers removed
from the service connector.
Fig. 18: Shorting the check connector terminals for adjusting
the idle speed — 4A-FE engine

Fig. 19: Adjusting the idle speed — 4A-FE engine