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Dimmable Offline LED Driver with iW3610

(AC Input 180 ~ 264 VAC, Output 5-6 LEDs 18 V / 350 mA)
EBC864

iWatt Inc
101 Albright Way
Los Gatos, CA 95032
USA

1.0. Introduction��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������2

2.0. Design Features������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������2

3.0. Schematic����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������3

4.0. Bill Of Materials��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������3

5.0. Performance������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������5

5.1. Constant Current and Efficiency�����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������5

5.2. Dimming Curve ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������5

5.3. Current Harmonics��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������5

5.4. Dimmer List�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������6


Reference Design
Dimmable LED Driver with iW3610
(AC Input 180 ~ 264 VAC, Output 18 V / 350 mA)
1.0 Introduction
This reference design describes a 5-6 LED output (6.3 W), high line input (230 VAC) power supply for dimmable LED
applications. For this design the iW3610 is used.

DC Output
AC Input to LEDs

a) PCB Top

56 mm

15 mm 25 mm

AC Input DC Output
to LEDs

40 mm
iW3610

b) PCB Bottom

Figure 1.1  PCB Assembly

2.0 Design Features


●● Isolated ac-dc offline 230 VAC ●● Resonant control to achieve high efficiency
●● Output 5-6 LEDs at 350 mA ●● 0.7 power factor without dimmer
●● Intelligent wall dimmer detection ●● Temperature degradation control to adjust the LED
under increased temperature conditions
xx Leading-edge dimmer
●● Primary-only sensing eliminates opto-isolator feedback
xx Trailing-edge dimmer
and simplifies design
xx No dimmer
●● Low output LED ripple current
●● Multiple dimming control scheme
●● Low in-rush current
xx Hybrid dimming scheme
●● Wide dimming range from 2% up to 100%
●● No visible flicker

Rev. 1.0 EBC864 Page 2


Jul, 2010
Reference Design
Dimmable LED Driver with iW3610
(AC Input 180 ~ 264 VAC, Output 18 V / 350 mA)
3.0 Schematic
L1
4.7 mH

R1
4.7 kΩ D1 D6
AC Input BR1 UF 4007 SB315/HER204
From Dimmer C1 MB8S VOUT
0.033 μF R3 L3
L2 EE8.5 D2 R10
4.7 mH 270 kΩ C4
1.5mH UF 4007 220 kΩ 470 pF / 250 V
R8
F1 330 kΩ
R4 R5 C7 D3 R17
1A 250 V 240 kΩ 560 Ω 10 nF/500 V FR 107 C5 + 22 kΩ
R2 2W R9
4.7 kΩ + 10 µF
Q2 C3 330 kΩ 50 V C8
R20 02N6 4.7 µF / 400V +
22 kΩ 10 µF
50 V
R6
Z2 47 Ω
20 V RTN

Q3
02N6

U1 R14
D4 10 Ω
iW3610 1N4148
D5
1N4148
R15 1 OUTPUT(TR) VCC 8
24 kΩ R11 Q1
100 Ω 02N6
2 VSENSE OUTPUT 7
R18
R16 1 kΩ
2.2 kΩ 3 VIN ISENSE 6
C3 C6 + C4
47 µF R13
4.7 nF 4 VT GND 5 100 pF 3.9 Ω
25 V
C10
10 nF NTC
47 kΩ

Figure 3.1  Design Schematic

4.0 Bill Of Materials


Qty. Ref. Description Qty. Ref. Description
Capacitors Resistors
1 C1 E-CAP, 4.7μF/200V, 105°C 2 R1, R2 R0805, 4.7kΩ
1 C2 X7R, 470pF/250V 1 R3 R1206, 270kΩ
1 C3 X7R, 2.2nF/16V 1 R4 R1206, 240kΩ
1 C4 E-CAP, 47μF/25V 1 R5 2 W, 560Ω
2 C5, C8 E-CAP, 10μF/50V 2 R6 1 W, 47Ω
1 C6 X7R, 100pF/25V 2 R8, R9 R1206,330kΩ
1 C7 X7R,10nF/400V 1 R10 R1206, 220kΩ
1 C9 X7R, 22pF/25V 1 R11 R0805, 1100Ω
1 C10 X7R,10nF/25V 1 R13 R1206, 3.9Ω
1 CY1 Y-CAP, 680μF 1 NTC R0805, NTC, 47kΩ
1 CX1 X2, 0.033μF/275V 1 R14 R0805, 10Ω
Bridge Rectifier 1 R15 R0805, 24kΩ
1 BR1 MB8S, SMD 1 R16 R0805, 2.2kΩ
MOSFET 1 R17 R0805, 22kΩ
2 Q1, Q2 2N60, TO-251 1 R18 R0805, 1kΩ
1 Q3 F501, N-Depletion, 500V, SOT23 1 R19 R0805, 39kΩ
1 R20 R0805, 22kΩ

Rev. 1.0 EBC864 Page 3


Jul, 2010
Reference Design
Dimmable LED Driver with iW3610
(AC Input 180 ~ 264 VAC, Output 18 V / 350 mA)
4.0 Bill Of Materials (Cont.)
Qty. Ref. Description PFC Choke and EMI Inductor Specifications (L3)
Inductors Schematic:
2 L1, L2 5mH, 8x10mm 6
Diodes
0.11•1•300 Ts
2 D1, D2 UF4007, DO-41
1 D3 FR107, DO-41 1
3
2 D4, D5 1N4148, 0.1A/100V, LL-34 Ground pin
1 D6 SR5200
Electrical Specifications:
Fuse
1. Primary Inductance (Lp) = 2.5 mH @10KHz
1 F1 1A 250V
Materials:
Controller
1. Core : EE8.3
1 U1 iW3610, Digital PWM Controller,
(Ferrite Material TDK PC40 or equivalent)
Dimmable, SO-8
2. Bobbin : EE8.3 Horizontal
Transformer Specifications (T1) 3. Ferrite core is connected to pin 2 after
Schematic: assembly
4. Cut remaining pins after wires termination
1 A
3
5. Varnish the entire assembly
Primary Secondary
70T 18T

2
6 B

Bias/Sense
14T

Electrical Specifications:
1. Primary Inductance (Lp) = 2.1 mH @10KHz
2. Primary Leakage Inductance
(Lk) ≤ 40 μH @10KHz
3. Electrical Strength = 3KV, 50/60Hz, 1 Min.
Materials:
1. Core : RM6
(Ferrite Material TDK PC40 or equivalent)
2. Bobbin :RM6 Vertical, Primary = 3,
Secondary = 3
3. Magnet Wires (Pri) : Type 2-UEW
4. Magnet Wire (Sec) : Triple Insulated Wires
5. Layer Insulation Tape: 3M1298 or equivalent.

Rev. 1.0 EBC864 Page 4


Jul, 2010
Reference Design
Dimmable LED Driver with iW3610
(AC Input 180 ~ 264 VAC, Output 18 V / 350 mA)
5.0 Performance
5.1 Constant Current and Efficiency
Measurements made with no dimmer connected to LED power supply.

VIN PIN VOUT IOUT Ripple Efficiency Power


# of LEDs Factor
(V) (W) (V) (A) (mA) (%)
210 7.50 17.51 0.351 124 82 0.753
220 7.50 17.50 0.351 120 82 0.748
6 LEDs
230 7.49 17.50 0.351 120 82 0.739
240 7.51 17.50 0.352 120 82 0.724

5.2 Dimming Curve


Measurements made with typical dimmer where 0 dimmer graduation is maximum phase cut and 11 dimmer graduation is
minimum phase cut.
Dimming Curve

350

300
IOUT (mA)

250

200

150

100

50

Dimmer Graduation

Figure 5.1  IOUT (mA) vs. Dimmer Graduation

5.3 Current Harmonics

AC Current Waveform
Current Harmonics V : 109.87 VRMS (600 VP ) frequency : 50.0 Hz
PF = 0.760 @ 230 VAC

70.0
60.0
π 2π 3π 4π
% of fundamental

50.0
40.0
30.0 I : 89.81 mARMS (0.3 AP ) frequency : 50.0 Hz
20.0
10.0
0
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 π 2π 3π
Harmonic Order

Figure 5.2  Current Harmonics Figure 5.3  AC Current Waveform

Rev. 1.0 EBC864 Page 5


Jul, 2010
Reference Design
Dimmable LED Driver with iW3610
(AC Input 180 ~ 264 VAC, Output 18 V / 350 mA)
5.0 Performance (Cont.)
5.4 Dimmer List
Dimmer Dimmer VIN Dimming
Manufacturer
Model # Type (VAC) Range
BUSCH 2250U Leading Edge 2 ~ 100%
BUSCH 2200-UJ Leading Edge 13 ~ 100%
BUSCH 6513 Trailing Edge 8 ~ 100%
CLIPSAL 32E450L Leading Edge 6 ~ 91%
CLIPSAL 32E450T Trailing Edge 11 ~ 100%
EVERFLOURISH EF700DA Leading Edge 13 ~ 93%
JUNG 266GDE Leading Edge 8 ~ 95%
KOSLO Leading Edge 230 44 ~ 100%
MERTEN Leading Edge 2 ~ 100%
NIKO Leading Edge 8 ~ 100%
OPUS 852.39 Leading Edge 7 ~ 100%
SCHNEIDER Leading Edge 37 ~ 100%
SIEMENS 5TC8-284 Trailing Edge 9 ~ 100%
SOBEN Leading Edge 14 ~ 100%
VADSBO TD350 Trailing Edge 10 ~ 73%

Rev. 1.0 EBC864 Page 6


Jul, 2010
Reference Design
Dimmable LED Driver with iW3610
(AC Input 180 ~ 264 VAC, Output 18 V / 350 mA)
About iWatt
iWatt Inc. is a fabless semiconductor company that develops intelligent power management ICs for computer, communication,
and consumer markets. The company’s patented pulseTrain™ technology, the industry’s first truly digital approach to power
system regulation, is revolutionizing power supply design.

Trademark Information
© 2008 iWatt, Inc. All rights reserved. iWatt, the iW light bulb, EZ-EMI and pulseTrain are trademarks of iWatt, Inc. All other
trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective companies.

Contact Information
Web: http://www.iwatt.com
E-mail: info@iwatt.com
Phone: 408-374-4200
Fax: 408-341-0455
iWatt Inc.
101 Albright Way
Los Gatos CA 95032-1827

Disclaimer
iWatt reserves the right to make changes to its products and to discontinue products without notice. The applications
information, schematic diagrams, and other reference information included herein is provided as a design aid only and are
therefore provided as-is. iWatt makes no warranties with respect to this information and disclaims any implied warranties of
merchantability or non-infringement of third-party intellectual property rights.

Certain applications using semiconductor products may involve potential risks of death, personal injury, or severe property
or environmental damage (“Critical Applications”).

iWatt SEMICONDUCTOR PRODUCTS ARE NOT DESIGNED, INTENDED, AUTHORIZED, OR WARRANTED TO


BE SUITABLE FOR USE IN LIFE‑SUPPORT APPLICATIONS, DEVICES OR SYSTEMS, OR OTHER CRITICAL
APPLICATIONS.

Inclusion of iWatt products in critical applications is understood to be fully at the risk of the customer. Questions concerning
potential risk applications should be directed to iWatt, Inc.

iWatt semiconductors are typically used in power supplies in which high voltages are present during operation. High-voltage
safety precautions should be observed in design and operation to minimize the chance of injury.

Rev. 1.0 EBC864 Page 7


Jul, 2010

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