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PASSIVE VOICE

1 SIPIL 1 PAGI
GROUP 1:

LUTHFIKA ADITYO

GINDO PASARIBU

PUTRA NUGROHO

PRIMATIA PALWANI M.

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PREFACE

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CONTENTS LIST
"#$ !$cc c c c %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%cc

!&'$'(c(c c c %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%c

!&'$'(c

)($*c& c" ((+$c+&!$c c %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%c

&#c& c" ((+$c c c %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%c

$, "$c& c" ((+$c+&!$c  c

&-# "./c c c %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%c

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Passive voice is used when the focus is on the action. It is not important or not known, however, who
or what is performing the action.

p  
 

In the example above, the focus is on the fact that my bike was stolen. I do not know, however, who
did it.

Sometimes a statement in passive is more polite than active voice, as the following example shows:

p    

In this case, I focus on the fact that a mistake was made, but I do not blame anyone (e.g. You have
made a mistake.).

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pxample: A letter was written.

When rewriting active sentences in passive voice,

note the following:

 the object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence

 the finite form of the verb is changed (


 + past participle)

 the subject of the active sentence becomes the object of the passive sentence (or is dropped)

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A. Si l P t
A ti : M t    t l t .
P i :T l t  c   c t .

B. P t ti
A ti : T  ct il i .
P i :T l i i  c  .

C. P tP f t
A ti : S  c   c ll t.
P i :H ll t  c c   c

D. P t P f t C ti
A ti : T  c c ct
P i : T  c c c  c t

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A. Si l t
A ti : T t ilt t i .
P i :T i ilt t tl t .

B. P t C ti
A ti : T ti l .
P i :T l i t .

C. P t P f t
A ti : T f .
P i :T t f it.

D. P t P f t C ti
A ti : Rit  c c ct l
P i :T i  c c  t Rit

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A. Si l F t
A ti : PNJ c c il i
P :A il i c cc PNJ

B. F t C ti
A ti : J c c ct f t l
P i :T c c  c J f t l

C. F t P f t
A ti : T c c  ct i i fi
P i :T i i c c c  c fi

D. F t P f t C ti
A ti : J c c c  ct fil .
P i : T fil c c c  l t J .
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A. P t F t
A ti : T   c ct if t t
P i :T   c c  if t t

B. P t F t C ti
A ti : H   c cct t if it¶
P i :T t   c c c cif it¶

C. P t F t P f t
A ti : I   c c  ct l tt l
P i : T l tt   c c c  c li .

D. P t F t P f t C ti
A ti : T i   c c c   t i .
P i : T i   c c c  l t i .

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