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THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES ON THE INTERPERSONAL


RELATIONSHIPS OF ISPSC STUDENTS
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Table of Contents
Approval Sheet««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««.i
Abstract«««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««.ii
Acknowledgement««««««««««««««««««««««««««««..iii
List of Tables««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««..vii
List of Figures««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««viii
Chapter 1: THE PROBLEM AND BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Introduction«««««««««««««««««««««««««««...1
Conceptual Framework..««««««««««««««««««««««.3
Statement of the Problem«««««««««««««««««««««...5
Scope and Delimitation«««««««««««««««««««««««6
Significance of the Study««««««««««««««««««««««.7
Definition of Terms«««««««««««««««««««««««««8
Chapter 2: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
Conceptual Literature«««.««««««««««««««««««««11
Research Literature«««..««««««««....««««..««««««..14
Justification of the Study««.««....««««««««««««««««..16
Chapter3: METHODOLOGY
Research Design«««««««««««««««««««««««««17
Sampling Technique«««««««««««««««««««««««..17
Research Instruments««««««««««««««««««««««...18
Data Gathering««««««««««««««««««««««««««19
Statistical Treatment«««««.«.....«««««««««««««««...20

Chapter 4: PRESENTATION ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA


Problem1««««««««««««««««««««««««««««..13
Problem2««««««««««««««««««««««««««««..16
Problem3««««««««««««««««««««««««««««..23
Chapter 5: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Summary««««««««««««««««««««««««««««.25
Conclusions«««««..««««««««««««««««««««««28
Recommendations««««««««««««««««««««««««..29
Bibliography
Appendices
Curriculum Vitae

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APPROVAL SHEET
This research entitled ³The Influence of Social Networking Sites to the
Interpersonal Relationship of the Students in ISPSC´ prepared and submitted by
Rodrigo M. Sarmiento, Jr. and Yves Luigi Ventura in partial fulfillment of the
requirements in English 102.

ABSTRACT
Social Networking Sites are increasingly popular nowadays. Many SNS
developers like Facebook, MySpace, Twitter and others are competing to give the best
features in terms of socialization, interaction, privacy and even entertainment. It is not
surprising that many people are hooked on with these sites since it is free and easily
accessible with the use of a computer connected to the internet and even with the use
of a mobile phone that enables SNS applications or internet browsing. However, does
SNS usage affect interpersonal relationships? Do people rely too much on the fastest
way communicating on the internet despite the lack of face-to-face interaction?
This research aims to determine the effects of SNS to the interpersonal
relationships. It also focuses on analyzing the level of interpersonal relationship after
using SNS. The thesis will then consider how social networking sites impact
interpersonal relationship in the real world. This research is based on a survey of
239purposively selected respondents that use social networking sites everyday with the
status of their interpersonal relationship with family, friends, teachers and others as they
use social networking sites.

CHAPTER 1
THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
A. Introduction

Social Networking Sites (SNS) are one of the most popular topics being

talkedabout by the students in Rogationist College. Examples of social networking sites

areFriendster, Facebook, Twitter and Plurk. Social Networking Sites help us


tocommunicate with our friends, classmates, and relatives but they also allow us

tocommunicate with other people who share common interests with us. For instance

aperson added another person as a friend on Facebook since both of them is

addictedon playing Restaurant City. Through these SNS, we develop virtual

interpersonal relationships.

An interpersonal relationship is a relatively long-term association between two

ormore people. This association may be based on emotions like love and liking,

regularbusiness interactions, or some other type of social commitments.

Interpersonalrelationships take place in a great variety of contexts, such as family,

friends, marriage,acquaintances, work, clubs, neighborhoods, and churches. They may

be regulated bylaw, custom, or mutual agreement, and are the basis of social groups

and society as a whole.


Social networking sites influence the interpersonal relationship of students in
many ways. Through social networking sites, users come to meet other people

worldwide. These people can affect the user¶s interpersonal relationship with other
people close to him/her. This influence can either be good or bad for the user.

The researchers chose the topic about the influence of social networking sites

tobe studied because it is shown evidently that most of the students in

RogationistCollege use Social Networking Sites as part of their activities done in the

internet.

Many students always log in to their account on Facebook, Friendster, etc. as

apart of their everyday routine. Could you imagine the number of all the students
loggingin to these social networking sites, everyday? That would be millions of students

loggingin social networking sites. Why students are interested on these sites?

Social networking sites typically offer many features and those features

arepositively the reason why many students are interested in checking out these sites.

Oneof the general features of SNS is profiles. A profile contains all the information

about theperson plus their photos, videos, applications that they use and

comments/messagesposted by other persons. Well, SNS also offers special features

like for example,Facebook has social games like Restaurant City and Pet Society.

It is evident that many students greatly rely on these sites in order to interact

withtheir friends and other people whether they know them or not. Being dependent to

thesesites promotes online friendships which are not good since they might encounter

peoplethat are suspicious in behavior. These sites hinder face-to-face friendship but

manystudents reason out that they use SNS in order to communicate conveniently with

theirfaraway friends. What do these SNS possess to make the students keep on

using them?


Why do students upload photos, videos, post comments/messages on

otherprofiles and play social games? What are the benefits and purpose of doing

theseactivities? Why are social networking sites frequently used by students nowadays?

The researchers¶ goal is to address these questions and have an in-depth

studywith regards to those questions stated above. Students¶ usage of social

networking sitesprovides long-lasting insights to identity construction, social behavior


and peer-to-peerinteraction therefore studies such as this arises that found out the real

perspective ofstudents about social life

B. Conceptual Framework

In general, online relationships contain much weaker ties than face-to-

facerelationships (Vitak, 2008). Social networking sites such as Facebook offer users

aconvenient method for maintaining a large number of weak ties. While maintenance

ofstrong ties typically requires significant commitments of time and energy, weak ties

maybe managed solely through the connections that link Facebook ³friends.´

Facebookallows users to stay up-to-date on their weak ties¶ lives simply by viewing

theinformation available in those friends¶ profiles and by connecting through actions

suchas pokes, private messages, wall postings and photo comments. By offering

multiplemethods of interaction, Facebook saves users significant time, thus enabling

them tocreate and maintain a massive social network, although one predominantly

composedof weak connections between users. For example, a recent survey found that

the average user had 180 friends on the website, which is far more ³friends´ than the
average person would say they have in the real world (Golder et al., 2006).

In cases where factors such as distance change a face-to-face relationship into


aprimarily online relationship, strong ties are maintained and even strengthened
further.Social networking sites is a tool for person to keep in touch with his distant
friends byfollowing their updates, sending a message or posting comments²users have
a quickand easy way to stay connected thus keep the relationship healthy when they
are toobusy to commit more time to face-to-face interaction (Vitak, 2008).
For more vivid picture of the study, Figure 1 served as the research paradigm.
Paradigm of the Study
Th
Figure 1. The influence of social networking sites on the interpersonal
relationships of the students
The paradigm above shows the influence of social networking sites to
theinterpersonal relationship of students. There are two possible types of
interpersonalrelationship that students tend to develop. These are the following:
Stronger
Social
Networking Sites
Interpersonal
Relationships


interpersonal relationship of students with their friends, teachers, and parents.
Thishappens if a student or a person knows well how to use a social networking
site.Students are always updated with the status of their close friends, teachers, or
eventheir parents that are added in their friends list in the social networking sites that
theyare using. It will also be easier for the user to know when will be the birthday of
his/herfriends and so he/she can greet them easily, even if they are apart and also, with
lesstime and effort. Students, aside from developing a stronger interpersonal
relationship, incontrast, tend to develop a weaker interpersonal relationship with their
friends, teachers,and parents. This is due to too much dependency of students to the
internet andcomputer as a medium of communication with their friends, teachers, and
parents.Sometimes, students can only tell what they want to other people whenever
they arechatting, or when they post comments on the wall of a person¶s account or
profile. Ifthey do this over and over again, this develops into a habit and be used to it
until thetime comes that they just depend on the internet and computer on telling what
theywant. Through this, a person can¶t express his emotions that results to an
unhealthyrelationship with other people. There are also times that social networking
sites don¶thave any effect on the interpersonal relationship of a student or a person with
otherpeople. This is why researchers identified the influence of social networking sites
to thestudents of Rogationist College.
C. Statement of the Problem

This study aimed on determining the Influence of Social Networking Sites to


theinterpersonal relationship of the students. Particularly, the researchers seeked for
theanswers in the following questions:
1.What is the profile of the students in terms of:
1.1 Age?
1.2 Gender?
1.3 Year Level?
2.What is the profile of the students in terms of using Social Networking Sites?
2.1Frequency of Using
2.2Purpose of Using
2.3Number of close friends. Online friends

3.What is the influence of SNS to interpersonal relationship of students toward their:

3.1Family
3.2Friends
3.3Teachers
Ô 

D. Scope and Delimitations of the Study


The researchers conducted a study about the influence of social networking
siteson the students of Rogationist College.This study considered every aspect of
studentsincluding the age, gender and year level in terms of social networking sites and
theirsocial interaction at home, with classmates, teachers and friends. They also studied
theinterpersonal relationship of students toward their friends, teachers, and parents as
wellas the influences of social networking sites to their interpersonal relationship. This
studyfocused on the influences of social networking sites to the interpersonal
relationship ofstudents. This research involved 239 current high school students of
RogationistCollege within the school year 2009 to 2010 who use social networking sites
every day.This study used purposive sampling to determine the respondents since
everyday usersof SNS are only considered.
E. Significance of the Study
The researchers determined the role of social networking sites on the social
aspects of students.
Guidance Counselors. This study will help the guidance counselors to be aware of the
influences of social networking sites to the students in Rogationist College. Byinforming
them of this matter, they will be able to relate more with students and togive accurate
advices to students that have problems involving SNS¶s.
School Administrators. This study will help the school administrators, like the guidance
counselors, to be aware of the influences of social networking sites tothe students in
Rogationist College. With enough information about SNS¶s andtheir influence to the
students, school administrators can help in solving problemsof the students regarding
this topic and give advices that are appropriate to thesituation when SNS¶s affect the
interpersonal relationship of students.

Social Networking Sites Developers. The result of this study will make the developers
of different SNS¶s aware of the influences of the SNS¶s that they are maintainingand
making. Because of this, they will be trying their best to develop a socialnetworking site
that will only have good effects to the user and will help them todevelop a strong
interpersonal relationship of the user to other people.
Students. The result of this study will make the students aware of how does social
networking sites influence them and how does it affect their interpersonalrelationships.
This will educate the students regarding the proper usage of socialnetworking sites.
This will help the students to improve their social life with theuse of social networking
sites.

Teachers. This study can help the teachers by suggesting some ways in order for them
to relate with student¶s social activities especially with regards of using socialnetworking
sites. In line with this, teachers, as student¶s second parents, willknow a way how to
help the students if they will be encountering a problemregarding the relationship of
their students with other people.

Parents. This study will help parents to understand their child¶s purpose of using social
networking sites and for them to be aware of the influence from social networking
sites that might affect their children.With enough knowledge, parents can think


of possible preventive ways if their child is prone to develop a weak
interpersonalrelationship with other people because of too much usage and
dependence fromsocial networking sites.
Future Researchers. This study can help the further studies of future researchers
regarding the influence of social networking sites on the interpersonalrelationship of
students. This can serve as a reference for further improvementsto be done in their
study.
F. Definition of Terms
This study, which is about the influence of social networking sites to
theinterpersonal relationship of the students, used the following terms defined
conceptuallyand operationally. These terms are used within the context of the study.
Face ± to ± face friendship . It is a type of friendship wherein you can actually be with
them and see them more often and you know about them well enough.
Offline Friend. It is a term used to call a person who is your friend in real life.
Online Friend. It is a term used to call a person added on your Social Networking Site
account.

Privacy.It is the ability of an individual or group to secure their personal information


and activities apart from others.
Profile. This is offered by social networking sites that contains all the personal
information about the person and their activities.

Social behaviour. It is behaviour directed towards society, or taking place between,


members of the same species.

Social Games. They are defined as games found in social networking sites which allow
social interaction with friends during the gameplay. (e.g. Pet Society)
Social Networking. It refers to making a social structure made of nodes that are tied by

one or more specific types of interdependency, such as friendship, kinship,financial

exchange, dislike, sexual relationships, or relationships of beliefs,knowledge or prestige.


Social Networking Sites. It focuses on building online communities of people who

share interests and/or activities, or who are interested in exploring the interestsand

activities of others. Social networking sites are web based and provide avariety of ways

for users to interact.

CHAPTER 2
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This chapter contains the review of related literature of the study and

thejustification of the conceptual and research literature gathered from books,

journals,researches and online sources.


A. Conceptual Literature

Social networking sites have added entirely new meanings to interpersonalinteraction

and community. It is the interplay between internet and real lifecommunication and its
subsequent effect on interpersonal relationships. Popular socialnetworking websites

such as Facebook have bundled many of the internet communication standards such as

e-mail, forums, and instant messaging into oneresource. However, its usage has

become a staple activity in a young adult¶s life. Whileit varies slightly among gender and

race groups, overall, young adults (college aged)who have internet access use

Facebook regularly for some type of social contact. Withthis mass assimilation into daily

life, it has already begun to change the way in whichinterpersonal relationships are

defined. It is one of the, if not the top medium for youngadults to ³scope out´ and

³research´ potential partners. With Facebook playing a largerole in many romantic

relationships, it¶s important to see how this will continue to shapeinterpersonal

communication in the future. The importance of this research proposal isto look at how

Facebook is an extension of real life.

This aims to discover how far Facebook is used to define, cultivate, and maintainreal life

interpersonal romantic relationships. Through looking at previous research onFacebook,

online romantic relationships, and disclosure through internetcommunication, we will

see what direction research needs to go to find validconclusions on the interplay of real

life and Facebook in the development ofinterpersonal romantic relationships. Internet

based communication has beenincorporated into the development of interpersonal

relationships. Likewise, as popularsocial networking sites MySpace and Facebook have

cropped up over the years,affecting the way in which people communication, so has

limited research on the socialmediums. It was found that 28% of the students in the

study had been deceptive in theirinternet communication. The students were found to
do this through both directcommunication using the wall post and private message

features as well as indirectly bythe viewing of others profiles. While Facebook is used to

cultivate old and new relationships, it is also used by students in romantic relationships

to display and checkthe status and commitment of their relationship. When people write

and develop theirprofile, choose their profile picture, and publicly write on other user¶s

Facebook ³walls,´Research has shown that when college aged males posted

information about culturallynegative moral behaviors (partying, sexism, etc.) that they

were participating in on otherusers ³walls.´ their perceived attractiveness went up.

However, when females did it,their attractiveness went down.

In the area of romantic relationships, no Facebook research has looked at howmuch

real life interaction is required before a potential romantic partner is not seen as

a³stalker´ or in any kind of negative light. Since internet usage is directly related

topsychological well-being, relationships, and the identity of self, it is of interest to

notethat there is a positive relationship between measures of internet usage and

loneliness.No research has looked into how lonely or desperate a Facebook user is

when trying tofind a potential romantic partner. Matsuba¶s research has shown that real

liferelationships are looked at as more ³real´ in the negative and positive dimensions

ofpersonal qualities, while internet only relationships were less extreme. If real

liferelationships are seen as more ³real´ and Facebook is an online medium

ofcommunication for those real life relationships, then research needs to look at how

farFacebook defines the romantic relationships. Research has found that those who

usethe internet to create and maintain a secondary romantic relationship in addiction to


areal life one showed higher levels of relational certainty and high expectations of

futureinteraction with their online partners. It¶s also been found that time spent online

andpositive views of the internet lead to a more favorable view of online romantic

relationships. Therefore, there¶s a possibility that personal romantic beliefs are

usedmore for a conventional relationship than an online-only relationship. While

thesestudies have little relevance to the cultivation of a real life romantic relationship

throughFacebook, it is important to see the connections and disconnects between real

life andinternet life. This needs to be developed further to see how much Facebook is

used inthe initial stages of romantic relational development compared to usage when

thepartners have a highly developed real life relationship. Some study found

individualswho reported high levels of social and/or dating anxiety were not more likely

to use theinternet to make online relationships than those who reported lower levels of

social ordating anxiety. However, the research did show that certain online media

(particularlywebcams) are more likely to be used by people with social and dating

anxietysymptoms, than those with less. This could play into new research about

whethercertain features of Facebook are used more so in romantic relational

development bysocial and dating anxious than other features.

According to WebCredible social networks provide encouragement and

support;establish identity with others and fulfil the need to feel included; provide the

outlet forsome people to establish their need for recognition, social status, control or

leadership;provide the necessary control over aspects of lives for those who don't want
to beleaders; help establish friends, relationships and the opportunity to interact with

others.
Conversely, introverted adolescents used online communication to compensatefor their
lacking of certain social skills. However, along with these characteristics came astronger
motivation to talk online, resulting in more online based friendships. It isinteresting to
note that the introverts use the internet to compensate for their lack of social skills. The
studies show how important a user¶s perception of internetcommunication affects their
levels of self disclosure. Interpersonal trust is found onlinethrough how much the users
perceive the other person to be telling the truth. However,with Facebook interaction,
things could be different. Research needs to look into howknowing someone directly
could directly affect the way in which disclosure, empathy,and trust is built through
Facebook. We also see an entirely new set of internet basednon-verbal forming. While
there have been numerous studies on internet basedcommunication concerning
romantic relationships, self disclosure, and socialnetworking, this research proposal
takes it a step further to look at the social utility ofFacebook and the subsequent
interplay of real life and on-line life in defininginterpersonal romantic relationships.

B. Research Literature

According to Vitak (2008), there are some reasons why an individual uses asocial

networking site. The first reason is for them to meet strangers and becomefriends with

them. This type of relationship is what we call a weak interpersonalrelationship. The

majority of respondents of her research paper (57%) said they wereinitially introduced to

those ³friends´ through mutual friends, which increases thelikelihood of such

relationships developing into strong ties. On the other hand,responses to a separate

question overwhelmingly support the hypothesis. While asignificant portion or

respondents said they have at least a few online-online friends,85% said they do not

communicate with the majority of their online-only friends, and justone respondent said

that he/she considered those friends as a strong tie. Throughsocial networking sites like

facebook, the user tends to maintain his weak interpersonalrelationship with his online
friends because of an easy communication. He can useprivate messaging, chat rooms,

and other method of communicating provided by thewebsite. On the otherhand, a strong

interpersonal relationship with his offline friendsneeds time and effort to be maintained.

Distance between two users that can change an offline relationship into

onlinerelationship is also a reason why an individual uses SNSs. Nearly two-thirds

(65%) ofrespondents said the majority of their friends have a Facebook account, which

suggeststhat many students use the site to stay in touch with their offline friends.

Keeping intouch with friends remains the primary reason for site usage across both

years in schooland gender. Furthermore, approximately one-third (31%) of respondents

with friendswho do not have a Facebook account say they would be closer to those

friends if theywere on the site, and 87% of respondents said they had never

experienced negativeconsequences in their offline relationships due to content in their

Facebook profiles,which suggests that most respondents benefit from using the site.

With the use ofprivate messaging and chat rooms of this site, students can

communicate and maintaina healthy relationship with their friends from far places with

ease that takes only a fewseconds to complete it.

Social Networking Sites also have negative effects in offline relationships. Somethings

found in the site can lead to misinterpretation for some people. Because of

onlinemessaging or comments that are visible to everyone in the friends list of a user,

anoffline relationship can be affected or destroyed due to fights that will happen. For

example, a jealous boyfriend saw a comment from a mysterious boy posted on the

wallof his girlfriend that says intimate words, because of this, the relationship between
thegirl and his boyfriend can be broken. Another negative effect is, because of

postingcomments on the wall of a user became much easier, it will also be effortless for

otherpeople to spread rumors and gossips that can destroy a life of an individual.

As a larger percentage of communication moves into the digital arena, we

willsee a general weakening of ties between people. This weakening will be less

pervasiveamong a person¶s closest circle of friends and more obvious among lesser

friends, asdigital communication will become the primary mode of communication in

these relationships.
C. Justification of the Study

This related studies and concepts helped in determining the influence of

socialnetworking sites on the interpersonal relationship of students in Rogationist

College ofthe school year 2009-2010. This supported and validated or reversed the

ideas ofMatsuba and Golder (2006), and Vitak (2008). There were some studies

conducted thatdealt with social networking and its effects towards teenagers in different

aspects.Interpersonal relationship, particularly that ofhigh school students in

RogationistCollege, isn't one of those aspects, although some of the aforementioned

studies havetackled somewhat similar aspects to that of the one being studied on by

the researchers.

HAPTER 3
METHODOLOGY
This chapter contains Research Design, Sampling Technique, Research
Instrument, Data Gathering Procedure and Statistical Treatment of Data.
A. Research Design
This study used descriptive research design. It involves the description,recording,
analysis, and interpretation of the present nature, composition, or processesof
phenomena. It focuses on prevailing conditions or how a person, group, or thing
behaves or functions in the present. It often involves some type of comparison or

contrast.

The researchers used the survey technique which is under descriptive

researchdesign. Survey technique, requires gathering of facts that requires sufficient

andaccurate interpretation. This technique is used to collect demographic data

aboutrespondent¶s behavior, beliefs, opinions, interests and the like and then the

gathereddata are analyzed, organized, and interpreted.


B. Sampling Technique

The researchers used purposive sampling. This sampling method

includedrespondents that fall under the purpose of the study and others that are not

useful forthe study are positively excluded. The study focused on the effects of SNS to

theinterpersonal relationship thus a survey is conducted to the high school students

ofRogationist College that are using social networking sites every day.
C. Research Instrument

The researchers used questionnaires and survey forms as research

instruments.The survey form asked if the respondents are using social networking sites

and theirfrequency of using the sites. After determining those who use social networking

siteseveryday, the questionnaire asked for the profile of the respondents and the status
oftheir interpersonal relationship with their family, friends, teachers, classmates

and others.
D. Data Gathering Procedure



The researchers will distribute a survey form to each section in order

todetermine the users of social networking sites and must be accomplished within two

tothree days. After the researchers collected the survey forms, a list of the

respondentswhich are SNS users will be organized then copies of the main

questionnaire will beproduced. The copies of the main questionnaire will depend on the

number of therespondents. However, extra copies will be reproduced if some

respondents loss theirquestionnaires. The respondents will be given two to three days

allowance to answerthe main questionnaire. An officer of each section will be selected

to distribute andcollect the questionnaires. Once the deadline of the questionnaires

arrived, theresearchers will coordinate with the officers to retrieve all the questionnaires

completely.The questionnaires gathered will contain all the needed data for the study

and it will beorganized, summarized, analyzed, and interpreted.


E. Statistical Treatment of Data
The researchers used the following formulas to analyze the results of the survey:

Frequency is the number, proportion, or percentage of items in a

particularcategory in a set of data, while percentage is the proportion or share in relation

to awhole. This technique is used to determine the percentage of our respondents out

oftotal population in terms of frequency of using Social Networking Sites. Through

this,the researchers also determined the percentage of the respondents who are
affected bythe influence of social networking sites. The formula for frequency and

percentage is:


f
P =------- x 100 %
N
Where:

P is percentage

f is number of respondents falling under a particular category

N is total number of population

The mean, or average, is the sum of the values divided by the total number of

values. This determined the average result of the data gathered from

different respondents.
n
x
x
™
=
Where:
X represents the sample mean
N represents the total number of respondents
X represents the frequency

CHAPTER 4
PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA
In this chapter, the data gathered by the researchers has been tabulated,
analyzed and interpreted to get a meaningful conclusion about the data.
PROBLEM 1: What is the profile of the students in terms of year level, age,
gender?
Table 1.1 Year Level of the Respondents
Year Level
Frequency
Percentage
First Year
61
25.52
Second Year
75
31.38

Third Year
43
17.99
Fourth Year
60
25.10
TOTAL
239
100.00

Using frequency and percentage, the results in Table 1.1 showed that out of

239respondents, 75 or 31.38 percent are sophomores, 61 or 25.52 percent are

freshmen,60 or 25.10 percent are seniors, and 43 or 17.99 percent are juniors.
Table 1.2 Age of the Respondents
Age
Frequency
Percentage
12
25
10.46
13
70
29.29
14
54
22.59
15
49
20.50
16
41
17.15
TOTAL
239
100.00
Using frequency and percentage, the results in Table 1.2 showed that out of

239respondents, 70 or 21.29 percent are 13 years old, 54 or 22.59 percent are 14

yearsold, 49 or 20.50 percent are 15 years old, and 41 or 17.15 percent are 16 years

old, and25 or 10.46 percent are 12 years old.


Table 1.3 Gender of the Respondents
Gender
Frequency
Percentage
Male
112
46.86
Female
127
53.14
TOTAL
239
100.00
Using frequency and percentage, the results in Table 1.3 showed that out of 239
respondents, 127 or 53.14 percent are females while 112 or 46.86 percent are males.

PROBLEM 2: What is the profile of the students in terms of preferred SNS,


frequency of SNS usage, purpose of using SNS and number of SNS friends?
Table 2.1 Preferred SNS of the Respondents
SNS
Frequency
Percentage
Facebook
220
92.05
Friendster
10
4.18
Twitter
3
1.26
Multiply
1
0.42
Others
5
2.09
TOTAL
239
100.00

Using frequency and percentage, the results in Table 1.4 showed that out of

239respondents, 200 or 92.05 percent preferred Facebook, 10 or 4.18 percent

preferredFriendster, 5 or 2.09 percent preferred other SNS, 3 or 1.26 percent preferred

Twitter,and 1 or 0.42 percent preferred Multiply.


Table 2.2 Respondents¶ Frequency of SNS Usage
Hours
Frequency
Percentage
Less than 1 hour
21
8.79
1-2 Hours
80
33.47
3-4 Hours
76
31.80
5-6 Hours
27
11.30
More than 6 Hours
35
14.64
TOTAL
239
100.00

Using frequency and percentage, the results in Table 1.5 showed that out of

239respondents, 80 or 33.47 percent use SNS for 1-2 hours, 76 or 31.80 percent use

SNS for 3-4 hours, 35 or 14.64 percent use SNS for more than 6 hours, 27 or 11.30

percent use SNS for 5-6 hours, and 21 or 8.79 percent use SNS for less than an hour.
able 2.3 Respondent¶s Purpose of Using SNS
Purpose
Frequency
Percentage
Keeping in Touch with
family
25
10.46
Keeping in Touch with
friends
76
31.80
To meet new people
18
7.53
Just for fun and
entertainment
117
48.95
To be µin¶ because it's
popular nowadays
2
0.84
Others
1
0.42
TOTAL
239
100.00

Using frequency and percentage, the results in Table 1.6 showed that out of

239respondents, 117 or 48.95 percent agreed that their puspose of using SNS is³Just

forfun and entertainment;76 or 31.80 percent agreed on ³Keeping in touch with

friends´;25 or 10.46 percent agreed on ³Keeping in touch with family´; 2 or 0.84 percent

agreedon ³To be µin¶ because it's popular nowadays´; and 1 or 0.42 percent agreed on

other purpose.
Table 2.4 Respondents¶ Number of SNS Friends
Number of Friends
Frequency
Percentage
Less than 100
18
7.53
100+
45
18.83
200+
39
16.32
300+
38
15.90
400+
28
11.72
500+
21
8.79
600+
15
6.28
700+
7
2.93
800+
8
3.35
900+
6
2.51

1000+
14
5.86
TOTAL
239
100.00

Using frequency and percentage, the results in Table 1.7 showed that out of

239respondents, 45 or 18.83 percent has 100+ friends, 39 or 16.32 percent has

200+friends, 38 or 15.90 percent has 300+ friends, 28 or 11.72 percent has 400+

friends, 21or 8.79 percent has 500+ friends, 18 or 7.53 percent has less than 100

friends, 15 or6.28 percent has 600+ friends, 14 or 5.86 percent has 1000+ friends, 8 or

3.35 percenthas 800+ friends, 7 or 2.93 percent has 700+ friends, and 6 or 2.51 percent

has 900+ friends.


PROBLEM 3: What is the interpersonal relationship of students toward their
Family, Friends, Teachers, and Others?
Table 3.1 Respondents¶ Interpersonal Relationship with their Family
QUESTIONS:
MEAN INTERPRETATION
1. You want to interact more with your
family because of SNS.
2.75
Often
2. You prioritize on having quality time with
your family.
3
Often
3. You always want to keep in touch with
your family.
3
Often
4. You have better communication
with your family.
3
Often
5. You can express yourself more
with your family.
3
Often
6. You can balance your time with
your family.
3
Often
7. Your relationship with your family is much better
after using SNS.
2.5
Sometimes
8. You obey the rules of
your parents.
3
Often
9. You¶re ready to help when your
family needs you
3
Often

Legend:3.51 ± 4.00 = Always

2.51 ± 3.50 = Often

1.51 ± 2.50 = Sometimes

0.51 ± 1.50 = Seldom

0. 00 ± 0.50 = Never

Table 3.1 shows the respondents¶ interpersonal relationship with their family.

Themean score of Table 3.1 is 2.9 or often. As a result of using social networking sites,

therespondents prioritize on having quality time with their family (3); want to keep in
touchwith their family (3); have better communication with their family (3);

expressthemselves more with their family (3); balance their time with their family (3);

obey therules of their parents (3); are ready to help when their family needs them (3);

enjoyhaving time with their family (3); want to interact more with their family (2.75);

havebetter relationship with their family (2.5).


Table 3.2 Respondents¶ Interpersonal Relationship with their Friends
QUESTIONS
MEAN
INTERPRETATION
1. You want to interact more with your friends
because of SNS.
3
Often
2. You can relate to your friends since you use SNS
that they also use.
3
Often
3. SNS makes you in good terms with
your friends.
3
Often


4. You always want to keep in touch with your
friends.
3
Often
5. Social networking sites help you much better in
terms of communicating with your friends.
3
Often
6. You prefer to spend more time with your friends
like hanging-out with them.
3
Often
7. You express yourself more with your friends in
social networking sites.
3
Often
8. You are open with your
friends.
3
Often
9. You¶re ready to help when your friends need
you.
3
Often
10.You enjoy spending time with your
friends.
3.25
Often
MEAN SCORE
3.03
Often

Legend:3.51 ± 4.00 = Always

2.51 ± 3.50 = Often

1.51 ± 2.50 = Sometimes

0.51 ± 1.50 = Seldom

0. 00 ± 0.50 = Never
Table 3.2 shows the respondents interpersonal relationship with their friends.The

mean score of the Table 3.2 is 3.0 or often. As a result of using social networkingsites,

the respondents enjoy spending time with their friends (3.25); interact more withtheir

friends because of SNS (3); relate to their friends since they also use SNS (3);have

good terms with their friends (3); always want to keep in touch with their friends(3); have

better communication with their friends because of SNS (3); prefer to spendmore time

hanging-out with their friends (3); are open with their friends (3); are ready tohelp when

their friends need them (3).

Table 3.3 Respondents¶ Interpersonal Relationship with their Teachers

QUESTIONS
MEAN INTERPRETATION
1. You want to interact more with your teachers
because of SNS.
2
Sometimes
2. You keep your focus on the lesson being
discussed by your teacher.
3
Often
3. You prioritize academic-related
activities.
3
Often
4. You can communicate with your teachers easily
with the use of SNS.
2
Sometimes
5. Social networking sites helped you much better
in terms of asking your teachers regarding your
school works.
2
Sometimes
6. You can easily talk or approach your
teachers.
2.5
Sometimes
7. You can express yourself more with your
teachers because of social networking sites.
2
Sometimes
8. You are open with your
teachers.
2
Sometimes
9. You prioritize tasks given by your
teachers.
3
Often
10. You enjoy interacting with your
teachers.
3
Often
MEAN SCORE
2.45
Sometimes

Legend:3.51 ± 4.00 = Always

2.51 ± 3.50 = Often

1.51 ± 2.50 = Sometimes

0.51 ± 1.50 = Seldom

0. 00 ± 0.50 = Never

Table 3.3 shows the respondents¶ interpersonal relationship with their

teachers.The mean score of Table 3.3 is 2.4 or sometimes. As a result of using social

networkingsites, the respondents keep their focus on the lesson being discussed by

their teachers(3); prioritize academic-related activities (3); prioritize tasks given by their
teachers (3);enjoy interacting with their teachers (3); easily approach their teachers

(2.5); interact

more with their teachers because of SNS (2); communicate easily with their

teacherswith the use of SNS (2); have better communication with their teachers in terms

ofschool works with the help of SNS (2);express themselves more with their

teachersbecause of SNS (2); open with their teachers (2).


Table 3.4 Respondents¶ Interpersonal Relationship with Others
QUESTIONS
MEAN
INTERPRETATION
1. You ignore friend requests from people
you don¶t know.
2.25
Sometimes
2. You block people that are suspicious.
2
Sometimes
3. You are cautious to people that you
meet in SNS.
2.75
Often
4. You make your contact number and address
visible only to your friends.
3
Often
5. You delete comments or posts from other
people that you don¶t know but are added in your
friend¶s list.
2
Sometimes
6. You only share limited information about
yourself on your profile.
3
Often
7. You make your profile visible only to
your friends.
3
Often
8. You visit profiles of people added in your list
but you do not know.
2
Sometimes
9. You post comments to people you don¶t know
but are added to your list.
2
Sometimes
10. You send friend requests to people
you do not know.
1.75
Sometimes
MEAN SCORE
2.38
Sometimes

Legend:3.51 ± 4.00 = Always

2.51 ± 3.50 = Often


1.51 ± 2.50 = Sometimes

0.51 ± 1.50 = Seldom

0. 00 ± 0.50 = Never

(3); obey the rules of their parents (3); are ready to help when their family needs

them(3); enjoy having time with their family (3); want to interact more with their family

(2.75);and have better relationship with their family (2.5).

The mean score of the Table 3.2 Respondent¶s Interpersonal Relationship

withtheir friends is 3.0 or often. All the statements were gathered under the mean of

2.55 to3.55. As a result of using social networking sites, the respondents enjoy

spending timewith their friends (3.25); interact more with their friends because of SNS

(3); relate totheir friends since they also use SNS (3); have good terms with their friends

(3); alwayswant to keep in touch with their friends (3); have better communication with

their friendsbecause of SNS (3); prefer to spend more time hanging-out with their

friends (3); areopen with their friends (3); and are ready to help when their friends need

them (3).

The mean score of Table 3.3 Respondent¶s Interpersonal Relationship with

theirteachers is 2.4 or sometimes. The statements that were gathered under the mean

of2.55 to 3.54 are the ff.: the respondents keep their focus on the lesson being

discussedby their teachers (3); prioritize academic-related activities (3); prioritize tasks

given bytheir teachers (3); and enjoy interacting with their teachers (3). The statements
thatwere gathered under the mean of 1.55 to 2.54 are the ff: the respondents

easilyapproach their teachers (2.5); interact more with their teachers because of SNS

(2);communicate easily with their teachers with the use of SNS (2); have

bettercommunication with their teachers in terms of school works with the help of SNS

(2);express themselves more with their teachers because of SNS (2); and open-up

withtheir teachers (2).

The mean score of Table 3.4 is 2.4 or sometimes. The statements that

weregathered under the mean of 2.55 to 3.54 are the ff: the respondents make their

contactnumber and address visible only to their friends (3); share limited information

aboutthemselves (3); make their profile visible only to their friends (3); and cautious to

thepeople they meet in SNS (2.75). The statements that were gathered under the mean

of1.55 to 2.54 are the ff: the respondents ignore friends requests from the people

theydon¶t know (2.25); block people that are suspicious (2); delete comments or posts

fromother people that they don¶t know but added in theirfriend¶s list(2); visit profiles

ofpeople added in their list but they don¶t know (2); comments to people they don¶t

butadded in their list (2); send friends requests to people they don¶t know (1.75).
B. Conclusions
After analyzing the data gathered by the researchers, they arrived with the
following conclusions:
1.) Using social networking sites helped the respondents to develop a strong
interpersonal relationship with their family, friends, teachers, and with others.
2.) Most of the respondents are using Facebook just to have fun and entertainment
because of its available features for the users.

3.) The respondents are cautious with the strangers that they meet in SNS's because of

having a limited friends added to their account that they know.


4.) The respondents intend to open-up more with their friends in social networking sites
than with others.
5.) Most of the respondents use social networking sites for only 1-2 hours in a day.
C. Recommendations
Based on the conclusions that the researches made, they have formulated the
following recommendations:
1.) Parents, school administrators, teachers, and guidance counselors must encourage
the students to use SNS since it promotes good interpersonal relationships.
2.) Students must properly use social networking sites and not just for fun and
entertainment but for communication with their family, friends and teachers.

3.) Social networking site developers and companies must improve the security

andprivacy that they are giving to its users to promote a safe environment especially

forchildren and teenagers.

4.) Students must also encourage their classmates to use SNS frequently since

itpromotes good communication with their teachers regarding school works and

related activities.
5.) Students must also encourage their friends to use SNS since it promotes good
relationship making friendship ties grow stronger.

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