Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 14

R1àR1/3 R2àR2-2R1 R3àR3-R1 R3àR3+R2

1 0 0
0 1 0
0 1 1
1 0 0 1 0
0 1 0 0 1
-1 0 1 -1 1
1 0 0 1 0
-2 1 0 -2 1
0 0 1 -3 1
1/3 0 0 1/3 0
0 1 0 - 2/3 1
0 0 1 -1 1
3 6 9 1 2
2 5 1 0 1
1 1 8 0 0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
1
3
-5
0
4 5 3
A -1 4 2
7 1 1
1 1 1/4 3/4
-1 4 2
7 1 1
1 1 1/4 3/4
0 5 1/4 2 3/4
7 1 1
1 1 1/4 3/4
0 5 1/4 2 3/4
0 -7 3/4 -4 1/4
1 1 1/4 3/4
U 0 5 1/4 2 3/4
0 0 - 4/21
- 1/2 1/2 1/2
-3 3/4 4 1/4 2 3/4
7 1/4 -7 3/4 -5 1/4

Elementales en Orden (i…f) Elementales en Orden (f…i)


R1--> R1/4 1/4 0 0 1 0 0
0 1 0 0 1 0
0 0 1 0 1 10/21 1
1 0 0 1 0 0
R2-->R2+R1 1 1 0 0 1 0
0 0 1 -7 0 1
1 0 0 1 0 0
0 1 0 1 1 0
R3-->R3-7R1 -7 0 1 0 0 1
1 0 0 1/4 0 0
0 1 0 0 1 0
R3-->R3+(31/21)R2 0 1 10/21 1 0 0 1
4 5 3
5+ 1/4 = 20/4 + 1/4 = A -1 4 2
21/4
-7-3/4 =−28/4 - 3/4 = - 7 1 1
31/4

21/4*X = 31/4
X= - (31/4)/21/4 = -
31/21 1/4 0 0 4 0
0 1 0 0 1
0 0 1 0 0
1 0 0 1 0
1 1 0 -1 1
0 0 1 0 0
1 0 0 1 -0
0 1 0 0 1
-7 0 1 7 0
1 0 0 1 0
0 1 0 0 1
0 1 10/21 1 -0 -1 10/21
3/4 U
2 3/4
- 4/21
Producto de las Elementales en Inversas de Elementales en Orden Producto de las Inversas de
orden (f…i) (i…f) Elementales
4 0 0
wegadhadhrns 0 1 0 rgthrfgng
0 0 1
1 0 0 1 0 0 4 0 0
0 1 0 -1 1 0 -1 1 0
-7 1 10/21 1 0 0 1 0 0 1
1 0 0 1 -0 -0 4 0 0
1 1 0 0 1 0 -1 1 0
-5 11/21 1 10/21 1 7 0 1 7 0 1
1/4 0 0 1 0 0 4 0 0
1/4 1 0 0 1 0 -1 1 0 L
-1 8/21 1 10/21 1 -0 -1 10/21 1 7 -1 10/21 1
1 1 1/4 3/4 4 5 3
0 5 1/4 2 3/4 U -1 4 2 A
0 0 - 4/21 7 1 1

0
0
1
0 4 0 0
0 -1 1 0
1 0 0 1
-0 4 0 0
0 -1 1 0
1 7 0 1
0 4 0 0
0 -1 1 0
1 7 -1 10/21 1
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
ELEMENTALES EN ORDEN INVERSAS DE ELEMENTALES
1/3 0 0 3 0 0
0 1 0 0 1 0
0 0 1 0 0 1
1 0 0 1 -0 -0 3 0
-2 1 0 2 1 0 2 1
0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
1 0 0 1 0 0 3 0
0 1 0 0 1 0 2 1
-1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0
1 0 0 1 0 0 3 0
0 1 0 0 1 0 2 1
0 1 1 0 -1 1 1 -1
1 2 3 3 6
U 0 1 -5 2 5
0 0 0 1 1

U=L^-1*A
0
0 A = L*U
1 3 6 9
0 2 5 1
0 1 1 8
1
0 U*L
0 L 10 -1 3
1 -3 6 -5
9 0 0 0
1 A
8
EJERCICIO PARA LOS DEL GRUPO
1. Encuentre la matriz triangular superior (U).
2. Calcule U como producto de elementales y A.
3. Calcule A como producto de elementales y U.
4. Calcule A como L*U

1 2 3 4 10 - 19/337 - 13/538 91/967 26/423


0 4 -7 1 -2 10/337 11/865 - 52/509 7/96
6 -3 0 2 5 16/337 - 80/653 - 3/61 19/614
8 8 0 1 17 72/337 89/972 25/388 - 58/773

1 2 3 4
0 4 -7 1
R3--> R3-6R1 0 -15 -18 -22
8 8 0 1

R4--> R4-8R1 1 2 3 4
0 4 -7 1
0 -15 -18 -22
0 -8 -24 -31

1 2 3 4
R4--> R4+2R2 0 4 -7 1
0 -15 -18 -22
0 0 -38 -29

R3--> R3+(15/4)R2 1 2 3 4
0 4 -7 1
0 0 -44 1/4 -18 1/4
0 0 -38 -29

1 2 3 4
R4--> R4+(-152/177)R3 0 4 -7 1
0 0 -44 1/4 -18 1/4
0 0 0 -13 58/177
ELEMENTALES
1 0 0 0
0 1 0 0
-6 0 1 0
0 0 0 1
1 0 0 0
0 1 0 0
0 0 1 0
-8 0 0 1
1 0 0 0
0 1 0 0
0 0 1 0
0 2 0 1
-26.25 1 0 0 0
-44 1/4 0 1 0 0
0 3 3/4 1 0
176 0 0 0 1
1 0 0 0
-18.25 0 1 0 0
0 0 1 0
44.25 0 0 - 152/177 1
44.25
0
-
(176/4+1/4
)=-177/4

-38X=177/4
X= -177/152
U
ELEMENTALES*A INVERSAS DE ELEMENTALES EN ORDEN
1 -0
0 1
6 0
0 0
1 0 0 0 1 -0
0 1 0 0 0 1
0 3 3/4 1 0 0 0
0 -3 13/59 - 152/177 1 8 0
1 0 0 0 1 0
0 1 0 0 0 1
0 3 3/4 1 0 0 0
0 -1 13/59 - 152/177 1 -0 -2
1 0 0 0 1 0
0 1 0 0 0 1
0 3 3/4 1 0 -0 -3 3/4
-8 -1 13/59 - 152/177 1 0 0
1 0 0 0 1 0
0 1 0 0 0 1
-6 3 3/4 1 0 0 0
-2 50/59 -1 13/59 - 152/177 1 0 0
1 2 3 4
0 4 -7 1
U
0 0 -44 1/4 -18 1/4
0 0 0 -13 58/177

1 2
0 4
2301 6 -3
2359 8 8
13 1/3
13 3/7
1
SAS DE ELEMENTALES EN ORDEN
-0 -0
0 0
1 0
0 1
-0 -0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 1 0 0
1 0 6 0 1 0
0 1 8 0 0 1
0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 1 0 0
1 0 6 0 1 0
-0 1 8 -2 0 1
0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 1 0 0
1 -0 6 -3.75 1 0
0 1 8 -2 0 1
0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 1 0 0
L
1 0 6 -3 3/4 1 0
6/7 1 8 -2 6/7 1
1 2 3 4
0 4 -7 1
6 -3 0 2
8 8 0 1

1 2 3 4
3 4 0 4 -7 1
-7 1 6 -3 0 2
0 2 8 8 0 1
0 1
A b
2 3 2 4 4
4 10 -4 0 -8
-3 -2 -5 -2 -4
-2 4 4 -7 -1

2 3 2 4
R2-2R1 0 4 -8 -8
-3 -2 -5 -2
-2 4 4 -7

2 3 2 4
0 4 -8 -8
R3+(3/2)R1 0 2.5 -2 4
-2 4 4 -7

2 3 2 4 4*X= 5/2
0 4 -8 -8 X= 5/8
0 2 1/2 -2 4
R4+R1 0 7 6 -3

2 3 2 4
0 4 -8 -8
R3-(5/8)R2 0 0 3 9
0 7 6 -3

2 3 2 4
0 4 -8 -8
0 0 3 9
R4-(7/4)R2 0 0 20 11

2 3 2 4 2 3
0 4 -8 -8 4 10
U
0 0 3 9 -3 -2
R4-(20/3)R3 0 0 0 -49 -2 4
2 3
4 10
-3 -2
-2 4
ELEMENTALES INVERSAS DE ELEMENTALES
1 0 0 0 1 -0 -0 -0
-2 1 0 0 2 1 0 0
0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0
1 1/2 0 1 0 -1 1/2 -0 1 -0
0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0
0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
1 0 0 1 -1 0 0 1
1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0
0 - 5/8 1 0 0 5/8 1 0
0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
0 1 0 0 -0 1 -0 -0
0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
0 -1 3/4 0 1 0 1 3/4 0 1
1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0
0 0 1 0 -0 -0 1 -0
0 0 -6 2/3 1 0 0 6 2/3 1

2 4
-4 0
A
-5 -2
4 -7
2 4
-4 0
-5 -2
4 -7
L

1 0 0 0
2 1 0 0
-1 1/2 0 1 0
0 0 0 1
1 0 0 0
2 1 0 0
-1 1/2 0 1 0
-1 0 0 1
1 0 0 0
2 1 0 0
-1 1/2 5/8 1 0
-1 0 0 1
1 0 0 0
2 1 0 0
-1 1/2 5/8 1 0
-1 1 3/4 0 1
1 0 0 0
2 1 0 0
L
-1 1/2 5/8 1 0
-1 1 3/4 6 2/3 1