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l l p o a e p r ax o A an e A a n un p u B o A a 3aueHa n e p e A H eH1u4x r e f oi n o p bnt o A B e c K [
B b l ( I f r o q ecHunefnl f l e H u t .......67 c u n o B oaf rop e r a r a . ........91
f l p o a e p r ay p o B H M f l a c n a( p a 6 o r e r , r 3 a v e r ao a g r e frru x r e f i o n o p r n
r oABecK
x l 4 A K o c )r [a x o p o 6 x en e p e A a l 67 c t 4 I t 0 B 0a
r 0r p e r a T a 92
l l p 0 B e p x3aa u u TbHt xt e x n 0 B V c r a H o s rnao p u n fnl e p B o rq0[ [ [ H g p a
n p n B o f lnoeBp e A HK[ xo r e c. . . . . 6 8 B n o r o xxeeH HlleBe M Tr a K x rTaac x a r lirl f , . . . g2
f l p o e e p xr ae x Hq e c K o r o G x s r r e ,
A e S e K r o B I a
c o c r oH e n r4 e r a n e nf i e p e A H en foi A B e c K u I y c r a H o BM Ka xoBlxa . . . .. . .. .93
H aa B r o M o 6 [ n e .......68 3 a u e r a A e r a n e i
l l p o a e p xrae x Hu q e c K o rcoo c r o R H u f l ylroTHelrrABlrarertn .........93
Aeranem 3 a A H enf o A B e c K u 3 a u e H n
a p o K n a A K l
p t b t r x K t 4
H aa e r o [ 4 0 6 [ n e . . . . . . .69 r o a o B K6r n 4 o x aq n n u H g p o. B. . . . . . . . . . 9 3
l i p o s e p xr ap e r y n u p o B K a 3 a u e r an p o K n a ArKo[n o s r u6 r o x a
y r n 0 By c T a H 0 BKKor 4 flec 70 qnn[HApoB ....94
0 c N o r pu n p 0oBBeeppKp KayanneeB 0 r 0 3 a u e r aM a c r o c t e M HKbot rxn a q K o.B. . . . 9 7
ynpaBneH Huaar a r o l 4 o 6 u n e ....70 3 a u e r an p o K n a A e Knl ry c r r o frip y 6 u r . . . . 9 8
l l p o e e p rcaB o 6 o A H oxroo4 a( a o g r a ) 3 a m e r a
c d n u H n x o
x o
e n e H . { a r o r b - e a. n . .a9 9
p y n e B o rKoo n e c .a . . . . .71 3 a u e r a y n r o r H e H h g
[ l p o a e p xrae p M e r u g H o cr IrAt 4p o n p u B o A a M a c r r H o r o K a p r e p a. . . . . . . . . 1 0 0
r 0 p M 0 3 H 0 [ c l 4 c T e M b t. . . . . . . . . 7 1 3 a v e r ac a r b H t 4 K o B
f l p o e e p xcar e n e H u B H o c a r o p M o s H b t x p a c n p e Au er en b n Hb t xB a n o B ....100
K o n o A o KA,rr4 c K o B .....72 3 a u e r ay n r o r H e H [Hf la n p a B n r t o u { e f
llpoeepxa p a 6 o r bBt a K y yHM or o y K a 3 a T e ny fpi o B H M r acna 101
y c [ n [ r e nTf ol p M o 3 o B .........73 P e r y n u p o e r 3a a 3 op o B
llpoeepxo aSSeKTIBHocl4 B n p l B o f iKer a n a H o B . . . . . . . . . . 10 1
p a 6 o r ur o p u o s r o cf in c r e u u r ....74 F o i o s x6an o x qa l n r n g p o .B. . . . . . . . . . . 1 0 2
l l p 0 B e p Kc ar o e H 0 r { H 0 r 0 r 0 p M . .0. .s.a . 7 4 u H 9 Te , A e Q e K T o BUKyaC T a H 0 B K a
06cnyxneaHne p a c n p e A e f i u r e n b H b t x B a f i o B. . . . 1 0 2
aKKyMynnropHo[6araper ......74 I l p r r r p r aK J t a n a H o B ....105
f f p o a e p xra p e r y n u p o B cKBae r aS a p . . . . 7 5 Crcreua Gna3Kx . . ! . . . . . . . . . . 10 5
, J a M e HQaI n b T p a0 ' ]t 4 c T K t 4 0 c o 6 e u H o c r n K o H c r p y K q r 4 r 4. . . . 1 0 5
n o c r y n a o q eBr o canoH B o 3 g y x.a. . . . . . 7 5 C t s r n eu y c r a H o B K a
C M a s xaap M a r y px by t3 o B a . .....76 M a c n r H oHfaoc o c. a .........106
I t p 0 9 1 4 c TAKpae H a x H b t x C H q r n Ie y c r a H o B K a
o r B e p c r [Kn y 3 o s a. ....77 MacnrHoro$[nbrpa ........107
B r o p o er e x t t r e c x o e C r c r e m ao x n a x A e l r f , . . . . . . . . . 10 8
o 6 c n y x r B a H( T r e0 - 2 ). .........77 0co6ersocrnKoHcrpyKtlnll ....108
3an,tera Q nnurpyrorLle ro ofleMeHTa u H 9 Te U y C T a H 0 BSKfal e K T p o B e H T U f l R T o p a
B o 3 A y l x H 0 fQ
0 u nb r p a 77 p a A u a r o pcau c T ebMro x n a x A e H r ' r 9
3 a u e nua o 6 c n y x u d a n r , r e . A B u r a r e rBr c 6 o p ec K o x y x o M .109
c B e , {3eaf x n r a H. .[ .s . .....78 3 a u e r ap a A n a pr oa
3 a u e xpae M Hnrp n B o f l a cIcTeMb o rx n a x A e Hff .110
BCn0M0faTenbH a rb0rexr a T o B 78 3 a u e HB a o l sH o r oH a c o c a. .112
3 a m e r ap e M H ne p u B o A a C r s r n eu y c r a H o BrKeap M o c r a r.a. . . . .113
r a 3 0 p a c n p e A e n u T e nMbH
e x0af 0H u 3 M a L ; H f l T I EU V C T A H O B K A
4aurarene Z r1l 6 X E RZ, 1 8X E R , pacuhpureflbHoro6atlKa......114
Z 2 0L E R rZ21LEH . . . . . . . . . 7 9 C r c r e m aB b r n y G Ko ar p a 6 o r a B u x rxa s o s . . 1 1 5
3 a ue ra r o p M 0 3 H o xnf AKocl4 B 0co6ernocrrKoHcrpyKql4ll ....115
r u A p 0 n p i l B o ATa0xp M 0 3 0 B J a M e Hnao A y u e K n 0 A B e c Kc u14cTeMbl
B b t K n | o ' r e Hc n
u te n fel H u t 83 Bb r n y c K0aT p a 6 0 r a B u rnax3 o B. . . . . . . . 1 1 5
6 .OPELASTRA

3 a u e n oa c H o B H or n r oy u n r e r f .l . . . . . . 1 1 6 C n s r u eu y c r a H o B K a y a u c bp rb t q a f a
3 a u e r aA o n o n H r r e n b Hronryou n r e n R. . . 1 1 6 y n p a B a e rHohpro 6 x on iel p e A a. .q. . . . . 1 5 5
3 a u e u an p n e u r o r p, ry 6 u t. ....117 P e r y n n p o enrpaI B o Ayan p a e n e H u e
C r s r u eu y c r a H o B KKaa r K o n n e K T o. p. a. . 1 1 7 x o p o 6 x on iel p e A a q ....155
C r r r u eu y c r a H o B rKeap M o o K p a H. o. .B . 1 1 8 ] rox n e c.
I l p n r o 4 rnre p e f l H K . . . . . 15 6
GrcrelranlranltAB]rrarenfl ....119 0 c o 6 e H u o c r u K o H c r p y K q r .4.u. . 1 5 6
0co6errocruKoHcrpyKtlt4l4 ....119 C H q r uuey c r a H o B K a
n p o B e p KAaa B f i e H n e n p [ B o AnoeBp e A HKuoxI e c. . . . . . . . . . 1 5 7
B c u c r e M en u r a H u f l . . . . . . . . .121 3aNera u a p H u p opBa B Hb t xy r n o B b t x
C r n x e n u eA a B n e H [ g c r o p o c r enf pi u B o A n oeBp e A Hruoxn e c. . . 1 5 8
Bc l r c r e M n uer a H [ s .........122
C H g r n eu y c r a H o B KBao 3 g y rHxor o P A 3 A E7I.X 0 [ 0 8 A 9 f fA C T .b. . . . . . . . . . 1 6 0
.... .123 n e p e A r n or l B e c K a . . . . . . . . . . 16 0
$ r , r n u r pI aB o s A y x o B o 4 a 0 c o 6 e r r o c r n K o H c r p y K q n l .l . . . 1 6 0
C H s r u ep, e M o H T1 4y c r a H o B K a
T o n n u B HHo ar o c o c. a ........124 c H R r U eU y C T a H O B a
KMa O p, l 3 a T O p H O r
3 a u e H rao n n n s H o r6oa x a c r o t , t nKenp e A Hneo[g e e c x.n. . . . . . . . 1 6 0
I e r oH a f l n B Hr o p ry,6r u t .......126 P e u o r ra M o p r u 3 a r o p H c roo1fK4i u
C H s r nu e ycraHoBK r oan n n g H opf ai u n u t . . . 1 2 7 n e p e A H e [ n o A B e c K. . . . . . . . . 1 6 2
C r s r r e ,n p o B e p K a 3 a N e t aB e p x H eo1n4o p bat M o p l , t 3 a r o p H o r
u y c r a H o BQKoap c y H o K .......128 c r o 1 4nKeup e A Hn eo ng e e c x. u. . . . . . . . 1 6 4
C t g r n eu y c r a H o B K a 3 a u e Hu a a p o B o of in o p bat Mop rt 43a r opH0 t 4
f l p o c c e n b Hy o3 rnoa. . .......129 c r o m Kn ne p e A HneofA B e c K. .n. . . . . . . 1 6 4
C H s r u eu y c r a H o B Knae A a n ny n p a B n e H h f l 3auesa p b r q a rnae p e f l H ne oi A e e c r. [. . . 1 6 4
ApoccenbH sao cf n o H x o f i ......130 3 a u er a A e r a n ecf ir a 6 u n u s a r onpoan e p e . t H 0 [
l l p o e e p r a[ 3 a M e HnaH e B M o K a M et 4p b r y c r o i r n e o c rnue p e A Hneo1A 4BecK . .u. . . 1 6 5
0neKTp0MarH[TK H n0 ar 0n a Hnap n B 0 A a C H q r l en y c r a H o B K n oaB 0 p o r H 0Kr 0 ynaKa
s a c n o H Ka1n4y c x H orrp, ry 6 s r . . . . . . . . . . 1 3 1 n e p e g r ne of iA B e c K u ... ....166
C r c r e N ay n a B n x B a Hnxaf ,p o BT o n n l B a. . . 1 3 1 3 a u e r an e p e A Hcer fyi n r q b t ....167
0co6eHuocruycrpoficrea .....131 C H g r une y c r a H oBK a
C x s r u eu y c r a H o B KaaA c o p 6 e pca[ c r e M b l n e p e A H e r o n o A p a M H u K. a .....168
y n a B n u B a Hnuafpl o Br o n f l n B a . . . . .. . ..'l32 3 a A x nnno [ B e G K a .....170
C H R r u en ,p o B e p Kuay c r a H o B K Kan a n a H a 0 c o 6 e r x o c r u K o H c r p y K q t 4 l .4. . . 1 7 0
n p o A y B K r 4 a 4 c o p 6 e p a. . . . . . . . 1 3 2 3 a u e r aa Mo p r r 3 a r o p a
gaAHefi .......'171
P A 3 I E6I .T P A H C M I 4 .C. .C. ]. 4 . .f.l. . . . 1 3 3 3 a N e Hnnaop yAxel 4eHcsbK [....
n o A B e c K. n. . . 1 7 1
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.
0 c o 6 e r r o c r n K o H c r p y K q l 4 l 4. . . . 1 3 3 C r s r n en y c r a H o B K
6 n a K [
f l p o e e p rna p e r y n u p o BxKoaA an e A a n u n o 4 e e c. K. . . .......173
n p n B o ABab r K n o g e H c qr fel n n e H u.g. . . . 1 3 4 s a 4 r e f i
C u r r uue y c r a H o Bc K qa e n n e H. u . .f.l. . . 1 3 5 P A 3 A E L nP y I I E Bv0nEP A B f l E .H. .l 4 . .E.175
3auena p a 6 o r e r o
U [ n n H A pn ap u B o A a 0co6errocrrKoHcrpyKqxt{ .....175
B b t K I l 0 ' r e Hc[ q9 e n n euHf l c n 0 A U u n H u K 0 M P y n e B ax n oroHKa .....175
B b r K n o g e cHunef n l neHur ......136 C r s r u eu y c r a H o B pKyan e B o rKoo n e c a . . .175
3aueHa r n a B H o rqou n I H A pnap u B o A a C H q r uIe y c r a H o B K a oxyxoB
B b l K r l r o q e H u s c u e n n e H [ r. . . . . . 1 3 7 p y n e e oKio n o H K r 4 ....176
3 a u e r au n a H r an r p y 6 x t rt u A p o n p h B o A a C r s r u en y c r a H o B pKyan e e oxt ,otn o r x t.t . . 1 7 7
B b r K n o g ecHquern r e eH ......138 Pyneourerrrl.. ......179
C H R r uney c r a H o B K nae A a n cuq e n n e H u. s. . 1 3 9 3 a v e HH aa p y x oHr o H a K o H e q H u K a
l l p o K aKear u A p o n pBI o A aB b r K r r o q e H u f l pyneBofTern.. .....179
cuenfleH[e .........140 3 a N e spay n e a o r frl,rr . . ......179
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0 c o 6 e n r o c r n K o H c r p y K r . I 4 r 4. . . . 1 4 0 b rr I E p 0 y c u nr e n e
f l p o x a r xcau c r e M
f l p o a e p ryap o B H eA,o n I B K a p y n e B o r o y n p a B n e H x t. . . . . . . l 8 0
u 3 a M e HM a a c n aB M e x a H [ . t e c K 0 t 4 3 a u e Hp ay n e B oMr e o x a H u s. M ..a.....180
K o p o 6 Knee p e A aIg p a o o q e fx u A K o c r r 4 3 a u e r ao f l e K T o o -
B a B T o M a r I q e c xrooi pl o 6 x en e p e A a r . . . 1 4 1 r n A p a B n u q e c K o f o M o E y n.e. . . . 1 8 1
p o 6 r un e p e A a q. . . 1 4 3
3 a u e r ac a f l b H 1 4 Kx o B
C r s r n eu y c r a H o B K a
x o p o 6 x nn e p e A a ., i. . 1 4 3 P A 3 [ E9n.T o P M 0 3 HCA] 4f lC T E. M
. . .A. . 1 8 2
P a e 6 o p xuac 6 o p x ax o p o 6 r un e p e A a e , 0co6errocrr[olcrpyxqxr{.....182
A e S e K T o B eKeaA e r a n e r 4 . . . . . .145 I l p o r a r x ar r A p o n pBxo E a
P e u o r Br T o 0 1 4 r H la... ......150
B oa rf o T o p i , r o 3 Hr o GrT e M b r ..........184
P e u o u rc n H X p o H n s a r o.p.a. . . . . . . . . 1 5 3 I l p o e e p rna0 r o x e H [ fn, e A a r xr 0 p M 0 3 .a. . 18 4
P e u o r rA n $ S e p e r q u a f l .a. . . . . . . . . . 1 5 4 f n a s H Ur o I p u o o t tqolin x H A.p. . . . . . . . . 1 8 5
OPEL ASTRA O 7
3 a u e r a6 a ,xra r n a s H o r o B u r r n r c q a r e( snar u o x3) a x r r a H l n. . . . . . 2 1 7
T o p M o 3 H o r o q u n [ H A p. a. . . . . . 1 8 5 0 c o 6 eHHo c r K n oHc rp y K1tnl4 ....217
3 a u e H raf l a B H o r o I l p o e e p rB ab r Krroqa r e rr
r 0 p M 0 3 H 0 f 0 q [ n r H A p a. . . . . . . 1 8 6 (3aMKa)3axuraH[r .........218
B a r y y u n uylc r n l r e n rbo p n o s o .B. . . . . . 1 8 8 C H R r uuey c r a H o B B Kb atKntoqarenfl
3aueuB a a K y y M Hyocr to4 n h r e n . .e. . . . . 1 8 8 ( 3 a M K a ) 3 a x u r a H u r. . . . . . . . . 2 1 8
3 a u e x au r a l r o B r r p y O o r C r c r e u ay f l p a B n e nAl nB l r a r e r e M. . . . . . 2 1 8
r [ [ p 0 n p ] r B 0 A a r 0 p M 0 3 0 B. . . . . . . 1 8 9 0co6errocruKoHcrpyKqt4r4 ....218
3 a n a e H a r o p Muon3aHHbrtox.B. . . . . . . 1 8 9 e ycraHoBKa
C H g r uu
3 a u e r rao p M o 3 Hr b p tvx6 o .K. . . . . . . . . 1 9 1 M o A y n3
f la x hr a Hu 9 221
C n n r r er y c i a r o r x an e [ a n rr o p M o 3 .a. . . 1g 1 C H q r huey c r a H o BoKrae K T p o H H o r o
T o p u o e r r rMee x a n r 3 Mnbetp e f l H K x xo n e .c. . 1 9 2 6 n o K ya n p a B a e HAuBf l[ r a r e r e u. . . . . . . 2 2 2
3 a ue ra r o p M o 3 H bKroxI t o A oTK o p M 0 3 H b'192 tx l l p o e e p xuag a M e HAaa r g u K ocB 14creMbr
MexaHu3M n e0 pBe A HK hox nec ynpaBneHurAoufarereM ......223
3 a v e r ac y nnop r ar o p M 0 3 H o r o 0 c e e q e n r ec,B e r o B arf ,3 B y r o B a f ,
M e x a H u 3nMe ap e A H eKr o0 e nca clrHanx3aqrf, ........227
B c 6 o p ec H a n p a B n r o u x. loenf io 4 o x. . . . 1 9 3 0 c o 6 e r r o c r u K o H c r p y K q r 4 r .4. . . 2 2 7
J a M e HT a 0 p r M 0 3 H 0f lrh0c K aT 0 p M 0 3 H 0 f 0 3 a u e r an a u n - . . . . . .228
MexaHh3M nea p e A H e rKoo f l e c a. . . . . . . . 1 9 4 3anera6nox-Sapur .........232
T o p u o o r r r eM e x a H l | o M3batA H l xK o n e c. . . 1 9 4 3an,te6 Hoax o e o rdoo H a o n
3 a u er a r o p M o 3 H bKt xo n o A oTKo p M 0 3 H o r o y K a 3 a T e I fnl 0 B 0 p o T a 232
M e x a H [ 3sMa aA H e Kr oo f l e c .a. . . . . . . . 1 9 4 3 a u e r a3 a A H e $ r ooua p r 233
3 a n , t e rcay nnop r a r o p M 0 3 H o rM o e x auH3M a 3 a u e t aA o n o a H [ T e r b H o r o
3 a A H e rKoo n e c B a c 6 o p ec r a n p a e a R o q e I cron-c[rHana .......233
KonoAoK .....196 3 a l r e HS a or a pe r lo c B e u l e H n f l
3 a uex a r o p M o 3 H o A r o[ c K ar o p M o 3 H o r o H o M e D H3oHr a oKa ....234
M e x a H [ 33Ma aA H e rKoo r e c .a. . . . . . . . 1 9 6 3 a n e r an n a d H ooB
C r o r r o q n ur oi p n o 3 ..........1 97 ocBeueHurcanoHa .........234
P e r y n u p o B nKpau B o A a 3auenn a n a doH a
c T o f l H 0 r { H 0 rT0 0DM 0 3 a 147
o c B e u e H6raf lr a x r u x a .......235
3 a u e r an e p e A H er rpoo c an p n B o A a 3 a u e r an na S or a o c B e u l e H u r
c T o 9 H 0Hq0 r 0T 0 pM0 3 a 197 B e q e B orruo{ u K .a ....236
3 a l l t e r a3 a A H [ xr p o c o Bn p B o A a 3 a u e n aM o A y nnno A p y n e B b r x
c T o t H 0Ht 0 r 0T 0 0 M 0 3 a 1 9 8 ne p K e nt o ae r eer1 4. . . . .......236
C H r r u ue y c r a H o BpKbat q a rnap u B o A a C t R r u en y c r a H o B K a
c T o f l H 0 q H 0 r 0T 0DM 0 3 a 200 3 B y K o B 0 rc0I r H a n a 237
P A 3 A E1 I0 .3 I E K T P 0 0 E 0 P y A 0 B . .A. 2H0u1E3 a u e u aM 0 T o p e l y K T oGpTae K r o 0 r r l r c r l r e r t
0 c o 6 eerrnnooccrK rrlo H c rrppyyrrqqrlrl l . . . . . 2 0 1 B e r p o B oorK0H a . . .....238
A r a r H 0 c r x KHae l c n p a B H o c 6 r eonp r o r o r o 3 a u e r aM o r o p e A y K r o p a
o n e K r p o o o o p y l o B a H t | n . . . . . . . . 2 0 1 c r e K r 0 0 ' r l G T l r e0r [rH aA B e p 3 [ a I K a. . . . 2 3 8
M o n r a x r r6r e norr. ..........202 C r n r r er y c r a n 0 B KoaM b r B a r ecnrre K l t a
P a c n o n o x e r n ep e A o x p a H n r e n en tat e , xIx B e T p 0 8 0 r
0 0
K H ar c T e [ I a
B c r a Buo0Ke n ue n x s a M e .H. .a. . . . . . 2 0 2 o K H A a B e p 3x a A K .a . .. .239
C u r r u eu y c r a H o B K a C r e x n o n o A r e mnHexpKe A H A e fB e p [. . . . . 2 4 1
MoH T a xbxH f 6 n o K o. B ........205 3 a u e H6an o x ay n p a e n e H n r
Axxyuynrroprar.6arapen ......207 9 I e K T p 0 C T e K n 0 n o A bKeaMMHn
0 c o 6 e n u o c r u K o H c r p y K q t 4 l.4. . . 2 0 7 I H a p y xbHr M 1 43 e p K a n a M [ .....241
V x o 4s a a K K y M y n f l r o p6Haor ia p e e r.,.r . . 2 0 7 3 a u e H aM o r o p e A y K r ocprae K r o -
I l p 0 B e p KcaT e n e H 3[ a p t x e H H 0 c T 1 4 noflbeMHn [ Ke ap e A HAe B
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flo oxoH,raHrilperynilpoBKr4 :a6rorupyrare
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floaoporov pyKoFTKr4 nepeKflnqarern Ha-


pyxHoro ocBeu.leHilR BKroqaor ra6aprrHura,
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ttrvl <ll> ronuro Ao MoMeHTa HoM3axil[aHuun oxprtroi ABepuBoAilTenfl
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Mf yAepxilBaHilflpbrqara. raquilaeroMo6nnR 4rcnreircnyxurAnRnonyqe-
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llpnmeronre nn oH ycraHoBneH), Arn Bn3yanbHofo KoHTponR
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BKnrr.turcf, aBToMaruqecxn (eaaucur (
oronrreHilfl poBaHilfl
KoHAr/r.ll4oH
14 ) cafl
oHa,a raK-
or KoMnneKra4uu)npu BKnpqeHnu fle- xe pa3BneKarenuHoti cncrevoti(ecrr nepevuc-
peAaqn SaAHeroxoAa, ecnu pb,.tar cfeK- reHHbre ycraHoBneHbr
cilcreMbr Haaerovo6ure).
nooqnonTenfl Haxo,qnrcf,B nonoKeHnu
(2>, tt3>nnu t4>,

5 - xom6rnaqrnnpr6opoa(cu.nKou6n-
xaqnnnpr6opoa>,c.243).
6 - pyneaoeKoreco.
!lprmeronne
Ilo saxazy a cnuqb, pyneBoro KonecaMo-
ryr 6ant yoaHoBneHbt nynbrbt AnqaH-
uuoHHoro ynpaBneHuf,PaSBneKaTenb- 10 - euKrpqarenu aaapninofi cnrxanr-
noi cuoeuofi n ayAnocuoenofi. 8 - euKntoqarenr o6orpeea c,rgeHbf, Bo- BbrKnpqare-
3aulrvr.llpr Haxarrr HaKnaBuuy
Alrrern. B rasilcr4llocril or rpe6yeuoracreneiru nf,3aropaoTcR Milraou.I4M BceyKa3aTe-
cBeToM
o6orpeeacilAeHbflHaxMilTeHaKHonKyBbrKrro- JIil nOBOpOTa il COOTBeTCTByOqUe rM KOHTpOnb-
qarerr oAr4Hr4ril HecKorbKopa:. flpr KaxAoM HbreJraMnbr,ycraHoBneHHbre B KoMoilHaLlilt4
Haxa\AV creneHb o6orpeea yBen[qilBaeTcf npn6opoe.flpr noeropnoMHaxarilh HaKnaBu-
il B KHOnKe3aTOpaeTCF eu.leOAnHCrrHanil3aTop. ury cr rHanil3aqilfl oTKrroqaeTcF.
[rn BbrKJrogeHrflo6orpeea Haxrvarlre
Ha KHOnKyHeCKOTbKO pa3 AO TeX nop, nOKa llpnmeronre
HenoTacHVT BCeCrrHafin3aTopbt. Aaapufi naa cnrHann3a4uf,padoraet npn
np6on nonoxeHun KnKrqaB BHKnKrqa-
llprme.roxnn rcne (nuxe) saxnraHuf,.

7 - putrar nepexnpqarenn creKrooql4crl,t-


Tenf l4 oMbtBaTengBeTpoBoro oKHa l,l oKHa
ABepx 3aAKa (Ha aeroMo6rnnx c Ky3oBaMil
yHilBepcanr xrr,{6er) BKrloqaer3neKTp14qecKue
uenq npn BKnogeHHoM3axvfaH|/1.vlt4 MoxeT
6urruycraHoeleHB cneAytou1r4e noroxeHilh:
1 - crexnooqrcrilTeflbBbtKlpqeH:
vcrPoncrBo ABToMoErrrRa) t 9
11 - aeqegoi cqux. Cnyxur Arr xpaHeHhn 23 - eurKnloqarenr(rauor) raxuraxun,
L4eIKr,lX AeUlera U OTKpUrAabrCn nph HaxaruLl o6leguHeHHuri c nponaaoyroHHbrMycrpotao-
Ha pyqKy3aMKaBBepx.flogpo6uoAonorHilrerb- BoM,pacnonoxeH pyneaoll
c npaaoircropoHbr
HbreQyHKqrlrlBeuleBofoflrJ.lilKa onrcaHbrB noA- KonoHKt4. KrtoHe aavreMoxer3aH/Marb oAHo
pa3Aene (BeuleBbre flu.1,1Kil
caroHail 3neKrp/qec- il3 gerbtoex
noloxeHun:
ran po:erral, c. 29.
14,27- nynwu ynpaBneHur tneKrpocreKno-
nO.qbeMHnKaMU U HapyxHblMl,l3epKanaMu
3aAHeroel4Aa,B cooTBeTcrBypu.I4x noEpa3Aenax
nogpo6HoonilcaHbr npileMbrynpaBneHrrcreKno-
noAbeMHuKaMn (cv. <Soroabre Aeepil), c. 22)
(cu. <3eprana
il 3epKaJraMil 3a,qHefoan4a>,c. 28).
18 - puvar ynpaBneH[f,ropo6roi nepe-
Aa,{(cv. <PurqaT
ynpaBneHrfl
ropo6rora
nepe-
c. 30).
Aa,1),

- 0 (6rorilpoeKa) - 3axilraHre BbrKnoqeHo,


npil BbrHrroMKllroqeBKrogeHonpoTt4BoyfoH-
HOeycrporacreo.
,[rn rapaHrrpoBaHHoro 6rorupoaauunaana
pyneBoroynpaBneHilfnoBepHuTe pyneBoeKo-
neco BnpaBohrr4 BreBoAo Lqen9Ka.
15- qexrpanrHbreconra cncreMbrBeHTr- ,$R auruoveuilR npon4BoyrorHoroycrporT-
nf,Auun oronfleHtan canoHa.Arropnrv yn- CTBA BCTABbTEKIOII B BbIKJ]loqATE'Ib 3AXfifAHilF
paBneHilflnoToKoM
14r,4
HTeHc[BHocTblo Bo3Ayxa il, crerKa noBopaqilBaflpyneBoeKoleco Bnpa-
qepe3ueHrpanbHbrecorra raroi xe, qro L4Alr 19 - putvar cronHorrHororopMo3a,.Qrnroro BO-BreBO, nOBepHrTe KrOqB nOrOXeHre (l);
6oroeurxconen2n12. rro6ut raroputo3ilTbaBToMo6ilnucroRHo.rlur\4
ropN/0-30M,
noAHr4r/hTepbrqarAo ynopa BBepx- llpe4ynperKAeHHe
l BKOMOilHaUilil
npilOOp0B 3arOpilTCfr KpaCHbrM
CBe- He euxnpqairre 3axnraHne n He BuHn-
Tol,4 Jrar/na3 (cv. pr,rc.
cr4fHaflbHafl 1.7). uafrre xnnq n3 saMKaBo BpeMnABuxe-
EE If,
Hus:pyneBoeynpaBneHne6yger sa6no-
KnpoBaHou aarouo6nnb craHer He-
ynpaBnf,eMbtM.

16 - naxenuynpaBreHreay4rocucreuoi.
[lpueuurynpaBr]eHilfl
ayAilocrcreMor,r
nogpo6Ho
onhcaHbr B pa3A.10 <3rerrpoo6opyAoBaHile) Annroro vro6urpacropvo:ilruaerol,ro6ilru,
(cv. <AeroMo6hlrb
HaR )),c. 246).
ayAlrocl4creMa pbtqarHeMHotoBBepx,HaxMrTe
noTflHilTe
HaKHOnKyBTopqepyKOflTKr4
pbrqara...
llpnme,roxre
lToutu uo op raHoBynpaBneHuf, ayqu o- - | (AononHrarerbHoe - ra-
cncremofr Ha naHenn 16.psaBucuuoc- o6opy4oaauue)
Tn or KoMnneKTa,luu aetoilro6nnn xhTaHreBbrKnloqeHolKI|roq , py-
HeBbrHilMaeTcf
uoryr 6urt ycraHoBneHH opraH* yn- neBoeynpaBneHre pa:6norrpoBaHo.
Brlpse-
paBneHue unQopua4uoHHo-pasBne- HblqenhnnraHnfl3ByKoBofo Hapyx-
ct4THara,
xarenanoh cucrentofi n 6oproaun Ct f1an43allilil AaIbH11MCBe-
HOTOOCBeU.leHVfl,
KOMnbKrTepoM, rov Qap,pagraoo6opy4oBaHrF,
nprKypilBare-
n Rh n p . ;

pbrqar -
...honycTflTe Ao ynopaBHil3 KoH-
rponbHaF JraMna
AonxHanoracHyrb.
20 - ne4anuaKcefleparopa.
21- ne.qanrropMo3a,
22 - neAanucqenneHrq.

17- 6nox ynpaBneH[f,cucreuofioronre-


nnn (ror4ur4r4oHlrpoBaHuf,)
u eerrunnquu - ll (eKnoqeHo)- :axrrarr4e BKrtoqeHo,
canoHa.llprevurynpaBneHrFcucrevoionn- pyneBoeynpaBneHre
KIloq He BblHl4t\4aeTCf,
Bpa3A.
caHbr 13<CrcreuaBeHTilrfll1414,
oronre- par6norrpoaano. BrrtroqeHur
3axilraHile, npil-
Hr4R
14KoHAr4qr4oHupoeaHrn>,
c. 305. qenil;
6opurr,rBce3neKTpl,rqecKhe
2(D O opel AsrRA

- lll (craprep)- euoveHbr3axilTaHre


il crapTep, pyneBoe
KflloqHeBbrH[MaeTcfl, yn-
paBneHile pa:6nornpoaaHo.3ro noroxeHile
KnoqaHeQHKcl4poBaHHoe, npn oTnycKaHilil
unv no4geicrlueu yeAnn+npyxr4Hbr -
Bo3Bpa
uaercnB noloxegre <ll>.

35 34 33 32 3130 n 2827 % 25 24 n 22 21n 1 9 1 8 17


Puc. 1.7. Kom6uxaqrq npr6opoe

1 - cmrxanunagraMna HexcnpaBHocni cr- np4!9!qrIe


creMu Open & Start, ecrh 3ra c[creMaycra-
HoBJreHa (co ceeroQunurpoM xenroro qaera).
Ecnuaatouo6unt c xopodxofi nepe4a,l
flauna uuraer, ecfln chcreMaHe pacno3Haer Easytronicne eaQuxcnpoBaH crorHo,t-
Hb,M TOqMO3OM nOArc OCfaHOBKn, CUr-
rnerroogHuri KnoqBcanoHe aaroi/o6unRrc-la
HanbHannaMna cocrof,Huf, topuosnofi
ero HeucnpaBHocln nnu HenpaBilnbHoTono.no-
24 - sHKnoqarerb 3ByKoBoroclrrHafla. xeHrn (KnoqHenb3n cucfeMb, MuFaeTB TeqeHueHecKonbKnx
ocraBrnTb B 6afaxHilKe
.rro6ur
eKro,l,rrurayroeoli cr4THar, ilnH pacnonafaTb ceKyHAnocne Bb,Kn,oqeHng 3axuraHng.
.f,nnroro nepeAilHQopMaLliloHHbrM
HaxMhreua lo6oe MecroqeHTparuHor7 Ha- .qilcnneeM), a raKxeecnilpa3pnxeHa 6arapei-
KnaAKr pyneBoro Koreca. ra. [1puHehcnpaBHocru C4creMbrnaMnaropr4T 4 - cnrxanrHagraMna HehcnpaBHocrvr
NOCTORHHO. 6esonacxocnr(co caeroQrnurpon
noAyurKr,r
KpacHoroqaera).3aropaercn npil BKnpqeHhvr
llpnrneqoxre 3axilTaHhfl,ecfit1Bo3Ht4KIa
HeilcnpaBHocrb
Cnrnantnaenanna HencnpaBHoon cuc- BcilcreMe
no.qyuKl4 6elonacHocru.
renu Open& Startuoxer roperbnocro- llpeeynpexneHrre
nHHo,ecnn ocranocbsadnoxupoeaxxun
pyneBoeKoneco, flpu saropanuu cnrHitnbHoi naunu ne-
ueptenno o6parnrecb B aBTocepeuc,flo-
llpegynpe)KrqeHrre MUMO BOSMOXHOTO OTKa3a nOAyUKU
Equ cnrnantHan naMna HencnpaBHoou cnryaquu,oHaMoxerHeo-
e aaapnrtnort
cncreMbt Open & Start saropenacb xnAaHHocpa6otat Bo Bpeus Annxe-
BO BPeMf, ABUXeHUf,, HeMeAteHHO OCfa- Hnf,, qTo nPuBeAeT KTf,XenbtM noaleAa-
HoBure aatouo6unt: Bo3MoxHo, npo- BNf,M.
25 - pyrorrKa npnBo,qa3aMKa Kanora n3ouna owu6xa, Koropaf, cnocodna
(cv.<Kanor>,
c.30). npnBequ K azapuu aerono6nnn.
2 - cunranuxanraMnaaBaprixorona[exrn
AaBreHnruacna (co caeroQunurpov KpacHoro
LlBeTa) 3aropaeTcgnpn BKroqeHuil
3axhraHilfl
il npeAynpeMaeT, qTo.qaBleHue
BcilcreMe
cMa3-
Kr4ABilrarerf,Hr4xeHopMbr.
Cpa:ynocre nycra
IaMnaAoIXHanoracHyrb.
ABilfaTenfl
llpeaynpe)KIeHxe
fl,auxenue aarouodunn c ropnt4efi nau-
nofi sanpe4aercf,, TaK KaK npuBeqer
K nonoMKeABuraTenf,. 5 - raxouerp 3neKrpoHHoro rfina noKa3brBa-
eTeacroryBpaqeHuf, KoreHqaToTo BanaABhra-
3 - cnrranurar naMnacocroqHlrsropMo3- rens.Urana rMeerAereHhnor 0 Ao 80, qeHa
26 - punar 6noxrporxnnonoxeHhrpy- xofr cucreuur(cocaeroQrnurpoM KpacHofo qBe- AeneHhR 2,5. Ntn roro ,rro6uronpeAenilTbqac-
neeoi xonoxxr,r (PerynilpoBKa
(crr,r. nonoxe- ra) raropaercnnpil BKnoqeHHoM 3axhraHililBcny- ToryBpauleHilt KoreHqaroro aanaa uun-',Hyx-
HilRpyneBofoKoneca).c. 28). qaeepe3MepHoro cHilxeHrflypoaHrropr,rorHoi HoyMHoxr4rb noKa3aHt,tf,
raxouerpaHa100.
xl4AKOCil4B OaqKemaBHOrO qUnUHApa TOpMO3a 6 - curxansnat naMna cltcreMbrAtaHa-
unnnpv noAHRToM pbrqare ropMo3a. Mu,{ecroficra6nnnsaqhu (ESP)(co csero-
crof,HoqHoro
Qrnurpov xerroTo qaera).[1puernnveunn
PacnoroxeHnenpr,r6opoer crrHanr3aropoB llpenynpexteHxe 3axilfaHnfl3afopaeTcF Ha KopoTKoe BpeMR.
e rola6uHaqilh
npr6opoenoKa3aHo napuc.1.7. ,Qauxenue aerouodwa c ropnqefi nam- lpu euoveHilil cl4creMbt naMnaHaqilHaer
B rov6rHaqnnnpra6opoe ycraHoBneHbt
cne- Milfarb,a npil HeilcnpaBHocTr4 - To-
cl4creMbt
nort zanpet4aercn.
npr6opur
Ayror!ile 14
crrHar[3aropbr. pilTnocToFHHo.
vcrPorcrBo ABToMoExrn o 21
7 - cnrrantxag naMna HenpucrerHyroro rpodeuzouacocanpu orcyrsBnu Henpe- TeMaycraHoBneHa). loprr noooflHHbrM xer-
peuxn 6eronacHocn4Bogureflf, (co ceero- puenofi no4alu ronnuBa c nonaAaHueM TbrM cBeroM npu HeilcnpaBHocru cncrevur.Mn-
Qmurpou KpacHoro qeera).3aropaercnnpr B cucfeMy Bo3Alua nPuBe4er K Bbxoatl raHilenaMnbtcB[AeTenbcrByeT o nepeKjlloqe-
BKNloqEHilil3AXT|AHilfl il TACHCT NOCIENDilCTE. Hacocaue opoa! Hl4hcrcreMbt HaoexilMciltr,ltr4eroil.tHoro
6lt4x-
fvBaHVfl pevxn6eronacHocr4 Bo4rrena.Ecnv, HefocBeTa.
HaqaB ABilXeHUe, BOAilTenb TaKn Henpncrer- 13- xoxrponuHasnaMnaBKntor{eHrg npa- 20 - curxanunarnaMnasxntoqext,ts caeqefr
Hyncn peMHeM, naMnaHaqilHaeT M[faTb. BOrOyKa3arenenoBopora (B BilAecrpenKil npeflnycxoBoro no4orpeBa (aerovo6ilnu
8 - cnrxanuxatnaMnaHe3aKpbrrbtx ABe- co cBeToQHnbTpoM 3ereHofo qeera)raropaercR c Ail3enbHbrM garrarereu).Ecnnnpr BKnorie-
pei rnr Kpblr.rKli6araxura (cocaeroQunu- Milfapull4M
TpoMKpacHoro uBeTa) 3afopaeTcfl npr BKnoqe- yKa3aTeng
Hilil 3aXNraHUfl, eCnV OTKpbrTbrABepil ilnil
KobruJKa 6araxHura.
9 - cnrxanuxaf,flaMnapa3pnAaaKKyMy- KOM-JII4OO
cBeToM
noBopoTa
HileKoHrpolbHorZ
cBrEeTenbcrByeT
npu BKn|oqeHilLl
(crxxpoHuo
naMnbr c ygeoeHHoi
o nepefopaHhil
yKa3aTene
npaBoro HVn3ax.UfaHVF
c rrv). Mrra- cKoMABil raTefl
qacroroi oHanoTacHer.
naMnbrB Ka- o qpe3MepHoM
npaBoronoBopoTa unil
naMna3afopenocb,
c Heo6xoAr4lr,to
AoxAaTbcn,
I
TonepeAny-
KofAa
MuraHrenaunbtcBilAerenbcrByer
3acopeHuil caxeBofoQilnbrpa.
2'l - ronponuHac naMnaBKrxrqeHtar 3aA-
nnroprofr6araper (coceeroSmurpoM Kpac- o neperopaHflLl npeAoxpaHilrenfl Beroqenil. Hlrx npon{BoryMaHHbrx Qonapefr(co ceero-
HOrO qBeTa)3afopaeTcfl npr BKItoqeHiltA 3axv- QilnbTpoMxeflToTocBeTa,3aropaercffnph
raHrn.Cpary noore nycKaABnrarennfiaMna BKnoqeH!414 3aAHrxnpon4BoryuauHurx $oHapera.
AolxHanoracHyrb. lopeHrenavnurilnueecBe- 22 - xomponbHas laMna BKnpqeH]rn
qeHileBnorHaKana npu pa6orar:qena ABilrare- AanbHeroceera$ap (co caeroQrnurpoM cl4-
ne yKa3brBaeT Ha orcrrcrBile3apFAHofo ToKa, HeroLlBera) 3aropaercr npu BKnoyeHnil Aanb-
Bbl3BaHHOe HehCnpaBHOCrbo reHepaTopa ilflil HerocBeraQap.
perynrropaHanpffxeHhff, a raKxecna6btM Ha- 23 - roxrponuxrti cllMBonBKrrlqeHnf,
TflxeHileM (mr o6pueov)peunsnpilBoAa re- 3rMHero pexhMa B aBToMarltqecxoiunn
Heparopa. po6orurnpoaarroi uexaru,{ecxoi xopo6-
Kenepeflaq,BKnlo,{aercs HaAilcnneeKoHTponfl
llpegynpe)Kf,eHre ycraHoereHHoi nepeAaqil npr BKnpqeHilil
3r4M-
fleuxenneaerouo6umcropnqertnaunofi HefopexnMaB KopooKe nepeAa9.
3anper4aeTcfl,TaK KaK,noMuMo nonHoro 24 - roxrponurrrfr ct,tMBonBl<nxrqeHrf,
14 - cnn4omerpnoKa3brBaer, c raroi cropo- cnopruBHoro pexuMa e astoiiatvtqecroi
pa3pf,Aa aKKyMynsropnofi 6arapen, ero
MOXeTyKa3HBaTbHa 3aMbKaHUeB 4enn cruo e gaHHuriMoMeHT ABilxercR aarorrro6rnu. nnr po6ornrnpoearxoi lrrexaxuqecroi ro-
3apnAKn,KoropoeqpeBaronoxapoM. IJJrananporpagyilpoBaHa or 0 no 260ru/v, qe- po6xenepe4aq.BrnoqaercR HaAilcnreeKoH-
HaAereHilR 10ru/,r. TponflBKflOqeuHora nepeAarilnpu BKnoqeHilh
10 - roxrponbHaenaMnaBKntoqeHus re- 15 - cnrxanuHaqnaMna HexcnpaBHocnl cnopl4BHoro pexilMae ropo6renepe.qaq.
Boro yKa3arenf,noBopora (e erapecrpefiKh clrcTeMbrrefirpannraquu orpa6oraeurx 25 - Aucnnei KoHrponreKflpqexxoi ne-
coceeroQrrurpoM 3eneHoro qeera):aropaercn rasoe(coceeroQrnurpoM xeflroToqeera).3a- pe4aqx B aaroMarrqecxofi nnn po6orusu-
MilTaOUll4M CBeTOMnpil BKfilOtleHrh IeBOTO fooaeTcfl nocreBKrtoqeHVfl il facHeT poaaxrofi MexaHvrqecKoi
3axvfaH|//'fl xopo6xenepegaq
yKa3arenffnoBopora (crHxpoHHo c urv). Mrra- nocnenycKa lopenrenavnurnocro- (yoaHoereHTorbKoHa aerolrro6unRx,
ABilrarenff. ocHa-
HileKoHTponbHofr naunurc y4aoeHHori vaco- FHHbTM cBeroMnpr pa6oraoqeMABilrarere qeHHblx aBToMar[qecKoil vnu po6otulr4poBaH-
Toi cBr,qerefibcrByer o neperopaHrr4 raMnbl npeAynpexAaeTo noBbrureHuil ToKcr4H HocTr4 oT- Hoi ropo6roi nepe.qa,r). flpn nepeueqeHrr
e rarou-rn6oyKa3arene neBoronoBopora ilnh pa6oraeurnx ragoa.MnTaFrhe raMnbrnpupa6o- pbrqaraceneKropa ynpaBneHhF aBToMaThqec-
o nepefopaHhh npeAoxpaHilrenf Beroqenr. Taou.leM .qBuraTene cBhAeTenbcrByeT o Heuc- roil unn po6orrrnpoaaHuoi ropo6ornepeAaq
11 - curxanuHaf,,raMna MltHltManbHoro npaBHocTr4, KoTopafMoxer nphBecrhK no- B KaKOe-flr4OO nOflOXeHile, HaAnCnIeenOflBJrfl-
peepBa ronnrBa s 6are (coceeroQnnurpourBpexgeHiloKararilTr4qecKoro Herirpanuaaropaercfl cl4MBonaur6pannoropexilMa ilnil HoMep
xenTofoqBeTa) 3afopaeTcfl npil ocraTKe Tonflil- OTOAOOTABUilX TA3OB. eKno,reHHoir nepeAagr.
eae 6arenpilMepHo xa 80 rv nyrr.
llpeaynperxeeHre
llpegynpe)Kf,eHxe
EcnunamnaMnraer npu padotarct4em
I7oeoguoxnoqn us6erartre $A,b, Ha pe- A,Burarene,HeMeMeHHoo6parnrect
3epBHoMocrarKe ronnnBa. Padora enex- Mf, ycTpaHeHufHeucnpaB-
BaBTOCepBUC
rpo6eneonacocanpu orcyroBuu Henpe- HOCTU,
puanoi no4a.tn ronnuBa c nona4aHueM
B CnCTeMy BO3AyxanpugeAer K Bbtxo4y 15 - curranrHaf,naMna HexcnpaBHocni
Hacocaus ctpon! amr6noxuposo,{xoi c}rcreMb! TopMosoa(co
ceeroQrrurpoMKpacHoro qeera).3aropaercn
npuBKnoqeHHoM 3axilraHililHa3 c. flocrenyc-
KaABilfaTerflnaMnaAonxHacpa3ynoracHrrb.
Ilpn oxare cilcreMbr
raMnaropr4T nofioflHHo.
26 - 4rcnnefi rnerrporroro cqerquKa
llpenynpexneHrre cyMMapHoroh cyroqHoronpo6eralrntaBpe-
flpu saropanuu naMnw odparurecr e aa- MeHU(ecril3TaOnqnflycraHoBneHar.
TOCe?BUC, TaK KaK TOpMOXeHUe BO BCeX
cnyuanx6yger npoucxoAurb 6es ytacrnn
antu6n oxup oaoqn ofi cu creMH.
17- curranuxagnaMnactacreMbt KoHTpo-
nR AaBneHnR B UtrHax (ecnilcilcreMayfia-
12 - yrararenb ypoBmnronnhBarneKrpo- HoereHa). 3aropaercn KpacHbrM cBeroMnpla
MarHrrHoro nprHqilna,qeicrBr4n.3aurprxo- qpe3MepHoM naAeHhr e raroi-116o
EaBneHilff
BaHHar 3oHaBneBoiqacrhurKarbro3Haqaeroe- r43ul4H.3arooaxueflaMnbtxerrbrM cBeroM
repeHutriocaroKTonrilBa. cBilAeTenbcrByeT
o HercnpaBHocil4 Bcr4cTeMe.
18 - rourponbHaf,raMna crcreMbrKpy-
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KreMM aK-
uerrpoo6opy4oBaHilF,cHavarao6Raareluuo O6cnyxuaanre r peMoHT aerovo6ilrne re- ryvyrnropHora
6araperil KpenneHrenpoBoAoB
oTcoeAilHilTenpoBo,qoTKneMMbt (Mt4Hyc)aKKy- qeHilerapaHrilriHoro
cpora Heo6xo4uvo npo- HaHr,1x.Ocla6leHHoe
KpenneHile vnt/1oKVCne-
vyrnropHori6araper. BOAr4TbTOIbKO Ha CTaHUilFXTeXHilgeCKOTO
Ob- Hre KJteMMMOXeTBbtBeCTilt43CTpOfllneKTpOH-
flpr aurnorHeHur pa6oror-
lneKrpocBapovHurx cnyxilBaHilR c o6s:arenuHora orruerrora o npo- Hurenpra6opuraerovo6ilrn.
coegnHnlare npoBoAaor aKKyrvynfl
ropHol,t
6arapen BeAeHilu pa6ora raroHaxceparcrorT KHrxKr4, 3anovrrre, qro KfleMMbr arryvylnropuora
il feHepaTopa, a TaKXeKonoAKr4 c npoBoAaMil ilHaqeBbrr14ul/Tecb Haaerovo6ilru. 6araper pa3HoroAilaMerpa:noroxflTeJ]bHafl
fapaHTil14
or 3JreKrpoHHoro peurarenev!
6nora ynpaBneHilfl Clegyer/Merb B Br4Ay, 9ToAaxe y aBToN,ro-KreMMa6o-nuueorp14LlarenbHorZ. CreArre
6uneno1nonMoAenil, BbrnyqeHHbrx npaKThqe-3a TeM,qTOObr npoBoAa obrrl4noAcoeArHeHbl
IlpeAynpe)KrqeHHe cKt4oAHOBpeN4eHHO, eCTbr4HAr4Br4AyanbHbre C yraraHHOt4Ha rX HaKOHegHvl-
B COOTBeTCTBI4I4
Ecnuna aarouo6nna ycraHoBneHa aBTo- oco6eHHocrr noBeAeHilF HaAopore.lzlcnorueo- KAXT KIEMMAXNO'IflOHOCTbIO.
MarHnronac xogupoexofr,Tonpu orcoe- BaTbto'|HocTbto cKopocrHbte il AilHaN4hqecKt4el-1pn rapngeaKKyMynnropHora 6arapen Heno-
AnHeHnn npoBoAa oT KneMMbt aKKyMy- B03MoxHocl4 aerovo6ilrn peKoMeHpyercfl cpeAcTBeHHo Ha aeroN,ro6ilIe
oT BHeuiHero rc-
nnropnou 6arapen aBToMarHnrona 6no- no MepenpilBbrKaHilfl K HeMy,nocTilxeHrfr efo ToqHilKa
rora o6RrarerbHo orKrtorrreeeor re-
Knpyercq,notToMyAnf, ee nocneAy,oqe- xapaKTepa il TorbKonocjrenpoxoMeHL4fl aBTo- Heparopa(cHrv.nre c aKKyMyrff
ropHon 6anpeu
ro BKnpqeHuanotpe6yercs BBecrnKoA. uo6rrer,r nepBbrx 2000-3000 rv c co6roge- KneN/My(nr|oc)).
Kog aaromaruuron* HaHeceHHa Kap- HileMOfpaHilqeHrr,r, yraraHHbrx B noApa3Aene HerapyLuarare cpoKr4npoBeAeHufl KoHTporb-
To.tKy,npnnaraeMypx asrouo6nn,o. <O6rarra aaroMo6hne). c.36. Ho-ocr\rorpoBbrxr pernaMeHrrurx pa6or. Bce
tlepe4 noe:4roranporper,rre ABilrarenb pa6orurnpoBopl,lTeB norHorvo6reve. llepuo-
llpu gauxeruuHaKaroM HeaurKno.rarzre:a- HaxorocroN/xoAy,nocKotbrypa6oraHenpo- ,ql,tqHocrb npoBeAeHiln pa6oryKa3aHa B pa3.q.
xrraHue,ilHaqeMoxer cpa6orarunporilBo- rperoroABtararerF HanoBbruJeHHbrx o6oporax 4 <TexHil,{ecKoeo6cryxreaHre>, c. 56.
yroHHoe ycrporlcrao B 3aMKe nxv'rauvn,6no- yN/eHbLlaer cpoKefo cryx6ur.flpn auoveHuu
Kr4pyroqee aar pyneaora KoroHKr4.
BauasroMo- cTapTepa pbrqaf ynpaBneHilF MexaHuqecrola ro-
6rru voxer crarbHeynpaBrReuuru! po6rorarepeAaLr Perouexgaqlrx
AonxeHHaxoAr4Tbcn e Heir-
tro 6e3otracHocr1l flBrr(eHrln
SeHEuH, aHrnQpr:il He3aN,rep3aoulafl xuA- panbHoM noroxeHrh,pbrqafceneKTopa aBTo-
KocrbroKcr4gHbr, no3ToMy -
co6rogarTreuepur varr,recrohropo6rranepeAag B noroxeHril CrurueoxgeHrnr y4o6creonoca4Kil BoAr4-
npeAocropoxHocril npr 3anpaBKe aBroN/oor4rfl<N>(HerZrpanu) vnu<P>(cronrra). TerRBrl4nlorHacreneHb 6e:onacrocrn. no:ro-
TEXHilqecKil M14XI4trKOCTfl
M14. Hegonycrarare pa6orygarrarerRc qacrorolZ vy eurnorrnrare crefiyoqee:
B cuoel,te BbnycKaorpa6oraeuux ra3oByc- Bpau.leHrn KoreHqaToTo Bana,npil roropora - o6Rrareruro nprcrerraarZrecupevHev6e-
raHoBreHKararilTilgecKilra Herarpanurarop.llpu cTpenKa TaxoN4erpa Haxo.qr4rcFe rpacHora .qaxeecnilynpaBnfleTe
rore 3onacHocTfi, aBToMooh-
pa6oregerrarerfl oH14HafpeBatorcfl Ao reMne- L!Karbt. neMB ropoAe;
parypbrcBbrue600'C, no3roMyeo il:6exaHile 3anpeqaercnHagrHarbABrxeHre aBToMo- - y6egnrecu BToM,qro BCenaccaxhpbr, Aa-
noxapa npil napKoBKecneArre, ,rro6ur no,q 6nnn c vecra (Ha craprepe).Tporarucnc Mecra xe Ha3a,qHrx np[cTefHyTbr
cil,qeHbflx, peMHRMI4
AHr/uleM aarovo6ilnRHe6uno cyxorlrpaeurnnu MOXHOTOnbKO Ha I nepeAaqenpil norHocrbto 6e:onacHo_crr. llaccaxrpur,He npilcrerHyrbre
rop|oYt/xMaTe0hajtoB. onyuleHHoMpbrqarecToflHogHotoTopMo3a, peMHFt\4t4 Oe3OnaCHOCTt4, aBaphhnoA-
B CnyLtae
3anpeqaercn 3Kcnnyaraqrr aaroMo6hrR nraBHooTnycKan neAalbcuenleHilf. Beprapr onacHocl4ce6n, aogrrelfl v1 Apyn x
c ropnqeracrruarusorZravnoi aeaprrauoro He npeeuruaireHopN4br rpy3ono4beMHocn4,naccaxhpoB;
-
naAeHilR Macla: oHaAonxHa KpaTKo- yKa3aHHbre
AaBIreHhfl e rexHil,lecrotlxapaKTepflcrhKe aB- MF nepeBo3rrgereir B Bo3pacre.qo 12ner
BpeMeHHo (He 6oree qeM Ha 2 c) raroparucn rovo6rns: nepefpy3Ka nphBoAhrK noBbrueH- rcnoruryfire cneqilarbHbreAercKileKpecna,
nuurb npr nycKe .qBilfarenn.Jro orHocr4Tcfl HOMy,43HOCy Luur r 4eralett nOABeCKil,K nore- B Koropbrxpe6eHorHaAexHoQrrcnpyercn or-
14K cr/rHanbHorinavne pa3pr.qaaKKyNlynrrop- pe rypcoaoraycrorZvraocrr.He 4onycrar,rre HOCilTeTbHO KpeCJta, a Kpecno- oTHocrTeIbHo
HOhOaTapeil, TaKKaKrHOrAanpilqilHoilee 3a- ABilXeHilfl nO.qOpOraM CHr43Kr,,1M
KaqeCTBON4nO- aaroN406ilrR;
ropaHnn voxer 6urru KoporKoe3aMbtKaHile Kpbrl4nHa noBbrueHHbrx cKopocrflx. <<f1po6or> - orperyrnpyraleBoAr,lTeJrbcKoe cilAeHbeTaK,
npoBolKr4,nphBoAfluleeK noxapy B MoropHoM noABecKrl, KoTopbr Mr,1,KaK npaB!4no,conpoBox- ,rro6utN/oxFro 6uuo rerro AornHyrucn go no6o-
orcereaerovo6ranR. AaercFAB/xeHhe B raKilx pext/lMax,nprBoAflT ro opraHaynpaBneHiln;
3anpeqaercnpa6oraru no4 aarovo6rrev, K noBpe4eHilo r 4eQopvaqtzt"ly3nol xoAoaor/ - orperylupyirre noJroxeHrle
pyneBoroKone-
noAHflTbrM AoMKparoN/.O6RrareruHo no4- qacrH asroN,ro6rrR.B :rol,l cjlyqae N4oryT Bo3- ca rar, qro6ur6unn eugHuracenpr6opure rov-
fiaBbre noA Ky3oBHaAexHbre onopbr. Hr/KHyrbnoBpexleHhru geQopuaqrn Ky3oBa. 6rtnaunvnpn6opoe,a pyKuHapyneBoM Konece
3anpeqaercnKypr4Tb orKpbr- PeryrnpHo npoeepnrareAaBreHile Bo3,qyxa HaxoAl4rrlcb
14norb3oB_arbcfl e Hau6oreeygo6Hov noJroxeHuh;
- y6egrrecu e ceo6o4Hov nepeMeqeHrll
rbrMuraMeHeM npil 3anpaBKe il oocnyxilBaHhr B UilHaX: nOHilXeHHOe AaBneHrenpr4BOAI,4T
i aarovo6hrn. K ilHTeHcilBHoMyl43Hocy trrH. PaEHilua:Ha,re- acexnegalela;

I
I
36 O oPEL ASTRA
- He caAhrecb3a pynb B cocTofHr4r4onbflHe- ev ror,rrpy6urcr/creMbrBbr
nycKaorpa60raaLu rx 5. 3aveHacraHAaprHbrx y3noBr{ arperaroB
Hiln. ynorpe6rreHhearrKoronR,HapKor4KoB ra3oBKBbrnycKHoMy KonneKTopy ABilrarenn. Ha He npeAycMorpeHHbre roHcrpyrqnera aero-
n HeKoTopbrx Me[hlll4HcKr4x
npenapaToBHefa- flocreo6rarrr (1500rv) nocer[recraHuilro vo6nnR.
ThBHOCKa3brBaeTCf Ha OpraHaX L|yBCTB,
CKOpO- TexHilrecKoro o6cryxreaHrnAnFnpoBeAeHnn 6. YcraHoera EonoJlHilTerbHoro o6opygoea-
cTr peaKqilrlqeroBeKa,ero BoAr.lTeIbcKr/x
cno- repBoro nraHoBoro TO.Arn rorovro6urrapaH- Hhf, He peKoMeHAoBaHHoro 3aBoAorv-l43foro-
co6HocTFX, yBen/qilBaerpilcK co3AaHhFaBa- rhn npoAonxara geicraoaaru,rpe6ytare or pa- BilTEICM.
ptAIHOnA|TyaqAVil nonygeHrFTpaBMbr; 6orHrroaCTO:aHeceHnfl BTaroHbr ceparcHott 7. l,4cnoru:oaaHile aarovo6r4rflB ToHKax hr14
- HecaAilrecb3a pynb,eort4ou_lyu]aeTe
ycra- KHrXKTI OTMeTKLI O npOBeAeHilil TeXHilqeCKOrO C O D C B H O B A H T F X .
nocrb.qaqe ocraHaBnrBairecb AnflorAbrxa(He o6cryxuaaHnn.
pexe eeMqepe3Kaxlqbte2 q); flocrenpo6era 1500rv orpaHilqeHrF cHilMa-
- BeArlTeaBTOMO6ilnb COCKOpOCTbTO, COOT- rorcn, HoMF oKoHqarerrbHoi nprapa6orrr Aera- noIroToBKA
BeTCTBylOu.leinHTeHCilBHOCTT4ABUXeHrfl, tO- rei ganrarennaerovo6ilru AonxeHnpotZrr ABTOMOEII.|If,
roAHbrM14AopoxHbrMycnoBilnM.flovHnre: npilMepHo 3000ru. K BbrE3Rv
ynpaBnFeMocru aerovo6urR, ero ropMo3Hbre
KagecrBa e 6oruuror,r creneHH 3aBrcFT flepegeure:goN4 npoBepbrerexHrgecKoe co-
oT cuenreHilfrrljr4Hc AopoxHbrN4 noKpbrTileM. tKCn,|yATAllrrf, croflHreaerovo6ilrR.Burrarparrre He6oree
BecuvaonacHbryqacrKl4 Aopor co cBexeyno- ABTOMOEII'If, .qecnTr4 MkrHyr, 3aro6ygereyBepeHbr B ilcnpaB-
xeHHbrM acQanbroM.Ha vorpola Aopofe N,to-
xeT Bo3HilKHyTb IQQeKTaKBannaHhpoBaHhF,
B TAPAHTr,THbTfi HOCTT4 Cr4CTeM
aepryHeo6xo4r4Mo
il arperaroBaBTOMO6ilnfl.
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il npr exeAHeB-
B 3TON4CnyqaeBO3MOXHa nOrHaFnoTepf yn- nEPnoR Hoi:rcnryaraqruaerovo6rnfl, AaxeecrilBaM
oaBrfeMocTt4: 3rcuyaraqran aBrorvo6,4nra raparrrauHurn Kaxercn,eTo Bce pa6oraer6e:yropn:reHHo.
- coonoAarre yKa3aHilR 3HaKoBolpaHilqe- nepiloAxapaKTepu3yeTCF ocHoBHbrM14 Hacrupa6orMoxHonpoBecrrBo BpeMF npo-
AByr\4fl
Hr4fcKopocTt4. MOMEHTAMN: rpeBaABhraTenfl , c3KoHoMl4
BHecKorr bKoMr4H)fi .
(npo6er
1) nepnogovo6rarru aero[4o6l1rR
ruuuKMr;
nepBol4
OEKATKA r) Bo3MOXHOCTbTO ycrpaHeHilf BO3HilKaOqilX
ABTOMOElI.'If, H e r c n p a a H o c r e r a H a c e p B 1 4 c H b r xc T a H L l v r f l x
3a CqeT3aBOAa-il3|OTOBtlTeIf .
Aarovo6rrr OpelAstraorrr4qaorcflBbrco- nepiloApeKoMeH,qyercfl
B rapauruirurrT :
Kl4t\,4
Kaqec|Borv il3roToBtreHrfl il npil MeHfl
eMbtx - crporoco6noAarunpaBr4ra o6KarKraBTo-
MaTephanoB, nosToMyoH,4cpa3yfoToBbtK ron- Nro6ilnr (cu.<O6rarra aeroMo6ilnn), c. 36);
HOUeHHOi 3Kcnnyaraqrilr He rpe6yor cneqr- - BHnMarerbHo r43yrrrbrapaHrufiHure o6n-
anuroi o6rarrr. OAHaroa Fra,rarruHurfi neproA 3aTerbcrBa 3aBo[a - h3roToBilTenfl aBTot\4oot4lf
JKcnnyaralliln aeroNro6urR(nepaue 1500 rv r opraHil3aLlL114, npogaeueieaNr aerovo6rru,
npo6era)npoilcxoAr4rilHreHCilBHafl npupa6or- crporoBbrnonHffTb ycnoBilflfapaHTil14 co csoer4
ra gerareir.lrn noaurureHuF HaAexHocn4, Aon- cropoHbr;
ToBeq Hocl4 r/ f KoHor\4l4qHocrr aerouo6rln npr - B HagarbHbrra neprogsKcnflyaTaqur il3y- 1. [o4xoAn K MecrycroflHKr4, o6parure eHn-
ero garuHeiu.rerTr :rcuyaraqilil h nocre Kanil- grrb xapaKTepH ureoco6errocrr pa6orur BauJe[o MaHre,HeTnr noA aBToMoor4reM cneAoByreq-
rarbHofo peMoHTaABilFaTenfr peKoMeHAyeMaarovo6hrnBpa3nilqHbrx pexilMax(nora:aHrR Kr Macra ilnil 3KcnnyaTaqiloHHbtx xrArocrera.
BbrnoJrHflTb cneAyoulnenpaBhna3Kcnnyaraqilu npra6opoa B KoM6taHallilr/, uryMbr npr pa6ore flo eo:Nroxr-rocn4 ycrpaHilTereqb Ao Bbre3Aa.
aerovo6r4rR. arperaroB A EstAxeHrll asroMo6nns, oco6eHHo- 2. O6nsareruFronpoBepbreAaBfleHileBo3Ay-
1. nepeA KaxAbrMBbre3AoMnpoaepnr,rre fiil nycKaABilraTenfl, nepeKnoqeHrF nepeAaq xa B uilHax n npr Heo6xoAr4r\rocl4 AoBe!ilTe
ur npr Heo6xogl4Mocr4 AoBoA/Te Ao Hopt\,tbl r,rr.n.),.rro6ur oneparilBHo BbrflBr4Tb Bo3HilKao- ero Ao peKoMeHAoBaHHoro AnB AaHHofoTilna
AaBIeHreBO3AyXa B U14HaX. u.lile il3N4eHeHilR t4 fpaN4oTHO t43IOXt4TbnpeTeH- urH. Pa:HrqarHaqeHnr,r AaBneHilrB npeAenax
2. He gonycrar,rre pa6orurAB!4rarerrc noBbr- 3r r npv noceqeHilil cepBilcHorl craHrlr4n; 0,2-0,3 rrc/cr'r' rvoxer yxyAul4TbnapaMerpbl
ueHHoi qacrorofrBpauleHurKoreHqaroroBara -
Anfl SKOHOMI4r BaUJetOBpeMeHil, ecrr BO3- ynpaBnfleMocTil, nraBHocrbxoAa aBTorvoor4lfl
(6onee 4500-5000 vrr-'). Ht,,1Kalou.lileHeilcnpaBHocTl4He BIl4flloTHa be3o- il npilBecTilK HexeraTerbHoMy 3aHocytArt cHo-
3.CeoeepellerHo, BcoorBercrBr4l4 c Aopox- nacHocrb 3Kcnnyaraqhil aarovo6rrn,ycrpa- cy npil TopMoxenwt.lAt-zanoHilxeHHor-o !aB-
HbrMl4 ycnoBilfM/nepexoAr4Te HaHl43r-uyo ne- HFTbr4XOAHOBpeMeHHO CnpOBeAeHreM TeXHr- reHr,1fl B lunHax6urcrpeer3HauilBaercnnporeK-
peAaqy, .rro6urilr6exarb HexerarerbHbrx ne- qecKoTo o6cryxreaHrn. Top I pacxogyercq6oruue ronr]ilea.
perpy3oK ABilraTenn. flpoeograrerexHIqecKoeo6cnyxreaHue 3. O6olaArare BoKpyraBroMo6nrn. flpoeepure
4.Inn nyvuera npupa6orrrropMo3Hbrx Kono- il peN/oHT aerovo6rrRa rapaHrrrZrurra nepilo4 cneAytorJ.lee:
gor oapararecu r:6erarupe:ruxropvoxeuura. TOI b KO Ha aTTeCTOBa HHbtX3aBOAOM - l/3rOTOB tl -
- KoN/nreKTHocrb gerarerZ(qerrr
cbeNrHbrx
5. l1o vepe Bo3MoxHocrrl nr6erarare e:Aur TeneMnpeAnpnffTLrFX TexHrqecroro o6cryxr- cTeKjrooLr HapyxHbre3epKanan T.n./ ;
r4clr4Tenfl,
no my6orovycHery,necKy, rpfl3r/. a a H n n( C T O ) ,a A p e c aK o r o p b rnxp r B e . q e H b l - uelocTb cTeKonKy3oBa,pacceraarererz
6. He6yrcrpyrare npilLleril no Bo3MoxHocl4 a ceparcrorZ KHilxKe. Pa6oruraru CTOo6nsaHur Qap r QoHaper,r. He orua.qurBatTe 3aMeHy pa3-
crapairrecu rr6eraru6yrcrpoarnApyrrxaBTo- BHeCTilB TaflOHbt CeparCUOtA KHT|XKI4 OTN/eTKil6nrurx paccerearererT. TpecuyrurecreKnaKy3o-
vo6uneir. o npoxo4eHril TexHhqecKoro o6criyxnaaHnn ea :aveHRritrenpr nepaoraBo3MoxHocrr,l;
7. flpuveunrTre <vRrrnrZ> cn4lb BoxAeHnfl n rapaurrrZHoro peMoHTa c yKa3aHileM npoBe- - cocronHileurH. Y pa4ilanbHbtxuJt4H Mffr-
aeroN/o6nrs, il:6eraqpe3Kilx pa3roHoB, TopMo- AeHHbrx pa6or,rHaverapaHTrFHaasrovo6ilru rre 6oroerHur.LllrHurc HoMuHarrbHbrN4 BHyr-
xeHnla, MaHeBpilpoBaHiln. aHHynilpyeTcF. peHHilMAaBneHreMBbrrrfl.qfrnphcnyuleHHbr-
8. Henpeeururafire 4axe HacnycKax cKopo- Kpove roro, BnaAeneqaerovo6rrq riluJaer- vn. 3anovHurerx aHeuHilrZ elaA(ocaary);
cr4ABilxeHilR 130ru/v. cn rapaHrriHoro o6cryxneaHhn B cne6you-14x - Hanilqneil cocToflHHe HoMepHbtx 3HaKoB.
9. flepuoguvecrr npoeepnirre r npnHeo6xo- cnyqaFX.
Ar,lMOCrr perynrpyrare HaTflxeHilepe.MHfl npilBo- 1. HapyueHreyra:aHrri n rpe6oaaHura, n:- llpegynpe)KfleHre
EOBBCnOMOrareJrbHblX afperaToB (reHeparoparoxeHHbrxB (PyKoBoAcrBe no 3Kcnnyaraqilil) {Dapu, noqQapnuxu, 3a4Hue Qonapu
il KoMnpeccopa KoHAr4qhoHepa). B Ha.tanuHuri3aBO.Oa - h3|OTOBvlTeUfl . n HoMepHue3HaKuAonxHbt 6urt quc-
nepuoA3Kcnnyarallur4 peMHH MoryrHau6olee 2. Heco6rogeHlleyKa3aHHbrx a ceparcHori TbtMu.
nHTeHCUBHO OaCrRrUBaTbCfl . KH[xKe MexcepBilcHbrx npo6eroe Mexfly nna-
10.CleAnre3acocrorHreM BcexKpenexHbrxHOBb|\4tl TeXHilqeCKilMil OOCIyXUBaHilf M14. 4. lipoeepure ypoBeHb MacraBKaprepe ABil-
3fleMeHToB aerovo6hnR r npr Heo6xoAt/luocrt 3. lloepexgenile aerovo6/rr B pe3ynbrare TarerFr npr Heo6xo4raMocnr AoBeAilreero
nogrnrueaire ux.Oco6oe BHrMaHne o6par4ata-AOpOXHO-TpaHCnOpTHOrO npOilCUeCTB14f . AO HOpMbr.
*TeHaKpenleHue Konec, 4eralerapyneBoro yn- 4. CavocroRrerbHoe cHflTl,rer peMoHTy:noB 5. llpoaepureypoBH14 ropvorHora xuAKocn4
nepegHeuh 3aAHeilnoABecoK, npil- n arpefaToB aBTor\/ro6ms e raparrrarTHurir nepiloA. a 6a,ireTraBHoro ropMo3Horo qiln/HApail ox-
PEKOMEHEAqnn nO tKCnryATAqr,|U O t7
naxAapqei xilEKocl4 B pacuJt4pilrerbHoM
6avre. llpn ueo6xoguvocrngoleire xilAKocrr4
llpecynpe)Kll,eHre
,qoHopMbt. He xypure u ne nonwyiTecb orKpbtrbtM
6. tlpoaepure ypoBeHbpa6oreraxilAKocn4 orHeMBo BpeMf,3anpaBKu.
e 6aere rilApoycilnilTenn.
l-lpr Heo6xo.qilNrocll
AOBeEhTe ero Ao HopMbt. lloaesxHe coBerbl
7. PeroveH4yeMno Bo3MoxHocrilnpoBeprrb Ecnu na A3C, rge Bbrpacc,turbtBanusa-
ypoBeHbMacraB ropo6re nepegaer npraHeo6- npaBurb aBTouodnn, TonbKoqro auBa-
xoAt4rvocTl4 AoI[4TbMaCr]O. nu ronnuBo us 6e,tgoaoga,nyque nouc-
8. flpoaepurepa6ory croflHoqHoTo ropMo3a. Karb Apyryto KonoHKynu6o eepnyntcn
_
l-un rToro, noAHilMaflpbt9arAoynopa. noAcqLt- qepe3 HecKonbKoqacoB. ,Qeno e rom,
TailTe KolilgecrBo u.lengKoB.Ecrr uler.troe qro He BceKonoHKuo6opygoeautt xopo-
6oruue rpex, croflHorJHurrZ ropvor HaAoorpe- wuuu QuntrpaMu oqucrKu u HyxHo
rynrpoBarb. BpeMf,,tro6u aca rpnar e 6eusune ocena 4. lloaepuure
npo6ryronrilBHoro
6aranpo-
9. I poeepuretacnpaBHocfb 3ByKoBot-oct4rHal]a. HaAHo 4ncrepnu A3C. 3anpaennfire ae- rtaeqacosoit
croerKfi...
10. flpoaepurepa6ory Qap, ragHux QoHa- rouo6unt Ha npoBepeHHuxA3C. Mor4-
pel4,AononHrTelbHofocTon-cilfHarar vKa3a- HOCfb U AOnTOBeqHOCTb ABnraTenf, Ha-
reletanoeopora.HercnpaaHute raN4nbl3aMeHh- npf,My,o3aBucf,Tor KaqecrBa6euguxa. llocxonxy napbr ronnnBa MorW co3Aa-
Te(cM.(3aMeHa raMn>,c.228). Senzuu, nonaswufi Ha Aerann KysoBa, Barb BHytrpu6axa noa*weHHoe AaBne-
i1. flpoeepure pa6ory KoHrponbHo-r43Me- cpasyxe Bbtrpurevncrofi rpnnxofi. Hue, orBopaquaafrrcnpo6xy nanuauofi
pilTenbHbrx npr6opoe, oqilcrnrerfl h oMblBa- Ilpu zanpaexene ucnonnyrtre nnaoMac- ropnoBuHbr MeEneHHo.2ro noseonnt
renfl BeTpoBorocTeKrail cTeKraABeph 3aAKa coBbreKaHncTpH unu eMKocTu,TaK KaKgF
(y aerovo6merZ c ry:oeaur xarv6er r ynr-
ypoBHf,TbAaBnenueenyrpu 6aKac arMo-
r4eqByeT onacHocTbBo3HUKHOBeHUf, t4C- cQepnuu. Ecnn aatyBnAnre nap Bbrxo-
Bepcanr. Kpbtu3-3a cfaTuqecKorotneKrpuqecfBa. gn4ui n3-no,4 npo6xu, unu ycrruwnre
12.nepeg noergrori o6nrareruHonpoBepbre
uunaqufi 3ByK,To npeKparnre orBopa-
Ha HenoABt4xHov aerovo6ilre pa6ory ropMo3- quBarb npo6xy n noAoxAnre, noKa trn
Hotacrcrevul, HaxaBHa ne,qanbropvo:a. Ecltt
(npoBarfiracb)
3ByKu He npeKparf,Tcf,.Ilnaqe ronnuao
neAanb 6e: conporuareHr4ff
Moxer BbrnnecHytbcnns 6axa,
AO nona, 3Ha9ilT,TOpMO3Hafl CilCTeMaHeilC-
npaBHa.3rcnlyaraqrn raKoro aBToMo6unnza-
npeueHa.

Ifpnmeroxne
llepeg ganoneri noeeAxofr n nocne Mu-
renbHoro nepepHBa B tKcnnyaTaquu
npoBepbrecocrof,Hue3anacHoroKoneca,
yxounnexryire aarouo6unb nHcrpy-
MeHTaMU U npu Ha,4nexHocTgMu, flpo6raronruaHoro6ara pacnonoxeHa Hanpa-
BOM3aAHeM Kpbtne
noAoTKl4gHorarpururora.
B cryvaeo6HapyxeHrn HercnpaBHocrrnpn- qeHrparuHurrisavor, ua-
1. Paa6rorrapyrare
MilTepeueHre(c yverorurpe6oeaHrillpaern xaB Ha cooTBeToBytot4yto KHonKynynbTaArc-
AOpOXHOTO ABr4XeHrff)O Haqafienoe3AKt4 t4nil raHqiloHHoroynpaBneHrflpa6o.teforrtro.la(cv. 5. ...cHrurreee...
peMoHTe aaroN4o6unR. (Knoer aaroMo6ilnn>, c. 14).
flogpo6HoBcenpoBepKilonr4caHbt
B no,qpa3.qe-
re <<Exe4HeaHoeo6cryxuaaHre(EO)>,c. 56.

3ANPABKA
ABTOMOEII.|IR
EEH3lIHOM
Jlprrvre,{oxrre
3anpaannfrre aerouodnnt Heernnnpo-
BaHHbtM qucnoM
deugnxou c oKTaHoBbtM 6. ...r rarpenrreHaKpoHurerZHerpurr.urr.
ne menee95. 7. Bcraaurenilcrorerronnreo:anpaao,lHorl
KOJIOHKT4 B HanhBHyloropnoBilHyTonrilBHoTo
Bav norpe6yorcfl: KaHilcrpac 6eu:nHovr, 6ara ra 3anpaBbre aerovo6ilru.Ecril sur :a-
cnellilanbHaF
BopoHKa AJtnropnoBilHbt
TonnhB- 2. Orxporare
KpbtrxKy... npaBnflere aarovo6r4rut43KaHrcrpbt,
ro nepeg
Horo6ara, r,rl,tenqeri
cyxeH!4e,
ncKnoqaoulee ranpaerOttBCTaBbTe B rOpnOBhHy TOnII14BHOrO
3anpaBKy 3TilnilpoBaHHbtv
6et:uHot'rr. oaKaBopoHKyil 3are,4Te beH3ilHr43KaHrcTpbt.
8. flocne3anpaBKLI3aBepHilrenpo6ry no va-
llprme,ronne coeoracrperre .qo u.lenqKa.
flpo6ra cna6xeHa
Y naxoueqnnxoB 3anpaBoqHbtx nu crone- orpaHt4r{rTeneMN4oMeHTa 3aBopaq14BaHhF, no-
ToBKonoHoKMn STnnupoaanuoro 6eu- 3roMynocneu.lenqKa 6y4er nporpyrilBarbcn.
auna (xonouxu craporo odpas4a co crpe- 9. 3arporareKpbtrxKyJtoKaHarilBHorarpy6ur
nolHbtMn yxatatennun) 6un yeenuuen- vy1anwe norerr 6eHrrHaBerouJblo.
nufi guauerp. lloerouty gnn ucKnroqeHnf,
cnytafruoi 3anpaBKn raxnM 6exgunou
AnaMerpuanuanoi ropnoBnHu Bb,non- 1|CNO,|b3(DBAHIIE
HeHMeHbWnM, qeMy HaKoHeqHnKoB nu- 4OMKPATA
cTonefoBtTnx KonoHoK,cne4oBaTenbHo,
n HaKoHeqHnK BopoHKngonxex 6art f1pr,rrcnolu:oBaHfiil AoMKparaHa MFTKoM
ManoroAnaMeTpa, 3. ...noee QurcaqnrB orKpbtroM
noroxe- rpyHTenoAKtaAuraalare
noA ocHoBaHreAoM-
HNVI. rpara 6pyc nnil AocKy.
3A OOPEL ASTRA
1.Oxporare6araxHrr. YcranasnnsaiTenany AoMKparaB cneuu- ,[nn 6yrcnpoarr aerovo6t/rq (ilrr hcnoru-
rH$Aa, pacnonoxeHHbte
anbHbrc Hanopo- 3oBaHilBero B KaqecrBe6yroapoar.rlaKa) 3a-
e6nueuKilKAoroKoneca,
raxKy3oBa rpenrntarerpoc ToIlbKoB cneuilaflbHonpeAHa3-
HaqeHHblx uta ltoi't qellil MecTaxla nepegHeta
r :a.qHerlqacrRxaerovo6tars.
1.Orrporare6araxrrr.

nora...
KoBpilK
2. CHuvure

14nctpy x4u n n o n cnon b3oBaHn p Ha Hece'


ua na narneiKy Ha AoMKpare,

2. CHrl,trreKoBprKnona.

3. ...uaocraHure roleco(cv. <3a-


3anacHoe
vera roneca>,c. 54).

raK...
no! noporKy3oBa
6. YcraHoailre,qoMKpar

3. ...uaocraHure roleco(cv. <3a


3anacHoe
MeHa c. 54).
Koneca>,

4. lzl:ererilrev3 Ht utAArr 3anacHotoKoreca


6orc Arn AoMKparail ilHcrpyMeHroB...
pe6ponoporapa3Mecrhnocb
7. ...ero6ut Bna-
A E 3yronoBKr4 .qoN4Kpara.
Ilpe4ynpe)KgeHne
flepeg no4reMoM Koneca BKnpqnre nep-
Byp nepeAaqy, 3aropMo3nre aBroMo-
6nnu crosno,lHbtM TopMo3oM n noryo-
xnre ynopb, noA Koneca c nporuBono' Arff 3anacHotoKoreca
4. ly':arerrre v3 HtAwtA
noxuou cropoHbt. 6orc Ars AoMKpara il rHcrpyMeHToB...
He pa6orairc nog aeromo6nneM, noq-
HflTbtM Ha AoMKpare, Ho ecnu 6ez eroro
ue o6oitrucc, ycraHoBnre noA ocb npo'l-
uate n yctoivnBbrc onopb,.

EYKC]IPOBKA
gocraHure
5. ...r,r A r ero
ug 6orcaAoMKpar ABTOMOE]INf,
aoooror5.
llpnme.ronun
flawrarenw aaroMlo6nnefi , o6opy4oaan-
Hd x Karannr n qecKnM ueitpan nsatopou
orpa6oraawwx ra3oB, Henb3fl nycKarb
6yxcupoexortnnn ronKaHneu,9ro uo-
xer npnBecTnK neperpeBy n Bb,xoAy
n3 crpoe nefirpannsaropa.B cnyuaepas-
psAKnaKKyMynnropnoi6arapen Henb,- npo-
5. ...r AocraHuren:6orca 6yrcrpHyro
rairec a nycrnr b ABn r arent 6yxcnpoexoi yuraHy A n uov 6 gln 6orroeKpenneHrF Ko-
unn roflKaHueuaerouo6unn.
tec.
PEKOTUTEHIAq]TX
nO tKcnnyATArltrn O 39
13....ncununte3arnyuKy

6.[.nr ycranoarr6yrcrapHora
npoyrut4Hbt
cnepe. 10....hgarRHure
Ao ynopa,ucnonb3yfl
Kno'{
Au HaxMilTe ua nnxnnnrpai :amyuruB nepeA- B KaqecrBeBopoTKa. 14.Baepnure
6yrcrpHyro or pyKt4,
npoyulr4Hy
Heu6aunepe c npaeorZ
cropoHbtasroN4o6urs... Bpaqasee npol4B.racoeoicrpenKu(xa 6yr-
cupHoinpoyurrHeneaaspesu6a),r 3arflHure
AOynopa,hcnonb3yf,
KnoqBKaqecrBeBopoTKa.

rpnr 6yrcrpo-
11.3arpennre3a npoyurxHy
.7. ...,rro6ur
ee$urcaropurBbtunLi
il33aqenre- BOqHOTO
TpOCa.
Hnnc 6aunepou...

15.3arpenure3a npoyulr4Hy
rpnr 6yrcupo-
BOqHO|-OTOOCa.
16.CHruurenpoyr.ur4Hbr
e o6parHou
nopr4Ke.
l-lepe46yrcr,rpoaroiaauero aeroMo6uns
ycTaHoBhTe KrroqB 3aMKe 3axuraHilgB nono-
xeHue(t) H BKnoql4Te cBeToByto
curHaflh3a-
r.lr4ocofracHoflpaeunauAopoxHoroABhxe-
Hufl. Purqar ynpaBfleHunuexaHrqecroi
ropo6roi nepegae(purvarcenerropaynpaB-
fleHuflaBroMaru,recroi ropo6roranepeAa,{)
12. Ann ycraHoBKl4 6yrcrapxora npoyrut4HblycraHoBilTe B HeriTpanbHoenoroxeHre(<N>).
8. ...r oreegure3arnyuKy
BcropoHy. Ga.qflHaXMnTe Ha HilXHl4ttrpata3arnyuKl4 Ecnil eoluroxHo.6yrcrapyrare aBToMo6ilnb
B 3aAHeM 6aunepec npaeofrcropoHbt aBroMo- c pa6oraoul,rMABurarereM,vro6sr ycuane
6ilnn,,rro6ur
BbrBecrueenpyxuuHurfr Qrrcarop HaneAanilTopMo3a H pyneBoM KoreceHeBo3-
u33auenreHtan c 6aunepout... DacTano.
llpegynperxgeHre
Baxyyunurt ycunnrenb ropMosuofi cuc-
reMb, n tneKrporuAPoycunurenb pyne-
Boro ynpaBneuun 4eficraynr ronbKo
npn padotarct4ew ABnrarene, Ilozrouy
y,tnTbtBafiTe
ro o6ctonrentoao, 9Tonpn
6yxcupoaxe aBTowodnnf,c xepadotan-
uluu ABnraTeneM p$Ko Bo3pacTaef
9. Beepurre6yrcrapnyro or pyKt4,
npoyrxt4Hy ycunue Ha neAanu TopMo3au pyneBoM
Bpau.lan crpenrn(Ha6yrcr,rp-
npon4BeacoBora KOnece.
neaanperu6a)...
Hoi npoylruHe
7. He :arpuraarKanor(a cryvaeAoxIF ilnL1
IBnrATErrb cHeronaganprrporZreero), cagurecu3a pynb.
HE 3ABO[]rTCfl Bgoqure 3axiltaHrle,noBepHyBKnoq B Bbt-
Krpgarere 3axiltaH14F B noroxeHtae<l>. [1pr
OSqre nprreubr froM BKrrorl4Tcn uerrpo6eH3oHacoc.fl ycrltre
nycKa flEr|fanenf, 3a-
ABrraTenb,noBepHyBKlloq B BblKroqareJle
[lpuevurnycKaABilrarennc cucrevoraonpurc- XilIAHilfl B TIOIOXCHilE (II).
KaronrilBa o.qHilu re xe nptano6oi reunepa-
TypeHapyxHoroBo3Ayxail xnAKocTr4 B cLlcTeMe llonegxure coBerbr
oxnaxAeHilF.qBrtaTerfl . Kanor nyuwe gaKpbtrb, nocrle roro KaK
lrr nycra AocrarogHororbKo BKrloqhrb ABurarenbHavner padorart. flepeq zruu
CrapTep,He npilKacaflcbK neAanr aKceneparo- xenarenbHo et4e pa3 ocMorperb ABnra-
pa. CncrevaynpaBneHhfl caMocro-
ABilrarelreNl rcn4 y6e4urocf, B orcyrcrBuu te,aei ton-
FTerbHoycraHoBLirHeo6xoguvute,qnn nycKa 3. flpoaepureypoBeHb
oxna4atoqet xilA nuBa, Maara, oxnax(Aa,ot4efixugxocru,
napaMeTpbr noAaqhronrilBa r onepexeHilfr3a- KOCTI4. nocropoHHuxsByKoBe ero pa6ore,
xL4faHl4F,. Eannno xaxofi-nndo npuquHeBo BpeMf,
neyAaqnoil nonbnKu nycKa6ygyr rsanu-
Tbt> cBeqn gaxuraHur, eocnonnyfirect
pexuMoM npoAyBKu 4unun4poe. flnn
?TOrOHaXMUTeHaneAanbaKceneparopa
Ao ynopa u BKnpqnre craprep. B erou
pexuMe no4aqa TonnuBa oTcyTcTByer
u u3 4unuHApoBnoToKoMcBexero Bo3-
Ayxa y4anf,ercs nnunurt 6enzuu, npu
troM cBequ3axuraHur gruarca. flocne
npoAyBKu noBTopuTe nonbtTKy nycKa
a o6*qnou nopflAKe.

4. BHuuareruHoocMorptaTeABrtarenb EcrngenrarerbHe3aBercfl, rpt4


cyqecrBytor
Hace6spyKoFTKyil noAKanorHoe
Kanor,norflHyB
1.Oxpor,rre npocrpaHcrBo.
O6panareeHr- ocHoBHbrenDil914Hbl:
npilBoAa
ero3aMKa. Macra,ropvornora - He pa6oraercilcreManycKa;
MaHreHanorerr 6eHluHa,
s qe- - He pa6oraer cilcreMa 3axvraltr;
xu,qrocrerZ.
n oxnax,qaoulei Y6egrarecs
- He paooTaercilcTeManvTaH|,/.fl.
3fleKTpOnpOBO,qKh.
IOCTHOCTT4

Ilprmeronre
llouumo nepeqncneHHbtx ocHoBHbtx
npuquH, ABuraTenbMoxeT He nycKaTbcf,
npu HencnpaBHoon KnanaHanpoAyBKu
agcop6epaunu npn noAcoceBosAWaqe-
p$ coeg,nHeHug unaHroB cucTeMbt
ynaBnuBaHugnapoB TonnnBa.

HencnpaeHoctrr
B Cxcreile nycKa
2. Macrou:raephrenbHbrvr
luynoM il3Mepbre HercnpaaHocrilB cl4creMenycKanponBnFor-
ypoBeHbvacra. OHAorxeH 6urru.... 5. llpoeepureHa.qexHocfb Ko-
npucoe4llHeHilff cff B HeHopN/anuuorapa6ore craprepa. Moxuo
noAKilxryTanpoBoAoB K MoAyno3axnraHilfl... BbrAenilTbcneAyloqhe nFTb ocHoBHblxHeilc-
npaaHocrerTcraprepa.

..ueXAYBepxHeril HilxHeil MeTKaMil ..il 3aTnxKyAByx KpenneHilf


Br4HroB N4olynfl.
HEnCnPABHOCT]rB nvfn o 4t
'1. - npsxeHne npnMepHo 15 000 B, u xorn KreMMeaKKyMyfinTopHora ). flonpocu-
6arapera
CraprepHe BKrpeaercn.flpuvnHut no-
BpexgeHilenraeroit Nr18
BcraBKil e 6rore npe- npu nanofi BenwMHeroKa oHo He onac- TenoMollHhKa npoBepHyTb cTapTepoM KoneH-
goxpaHnreletiil pene B noAKanorHoMnpoc- Ho Mf, Xu3Hn, eozuoxnufi yEaP ToKoM qarurra ear ABhfarenfl.
paHcrBe, HapyueH ile KoHTa
KTHblx coeAilHeH!4 14, npu npoBePKecuoeMil saXUraHUgMO-
xeT npuBecTuKTf,xenbtv noaneACTBunM,
llpe4ynpe{Eetti
o6puremn KoporKoe 3aMbrKaHile B qenflxBKno-
qeHilncrapTepa,HeilcnpaBHocrb TfroBoropefle. nogfoMy, ecnn Bbt 6epetect 3a BbtcoKo- Ha4,exxufr KoHraKT KoPnYca cBevu
2. flpn aooveHilil craprepacrbttllHblMHoto- gontruui npoBoq nPu BKnKt.leHHoM c Kwaccortnodnsatenen, TaKKaKnpu no-
KparHbre ulerqKu. flpuvrHut - HeilcnpaBHocrb 3axuraHuu, eocnonwyfirecb rondoi pe- f,BneHuu AononHurenbHoro ncKPoBoro
yAepxilBaoqetao6uorru rfToBofo pere, crnb- suHoBortnepqarxortunu e xpafineu cny- npoMexpKa, dontwero, ,4eM 3a3oP
Hopa3pnxeHa aKKyMynFTopHan 6arapen,ocla6- .tae naccaruxaMu c u3onnpoBaHHbtMu Mexnt ?neKTpo4aMucBeqn, Bo3MOXHO
JreHbrKoHTaKrHbre coeAhHeHrfl B qenil crapTepa. pwKaMu. floBpexAeHue 6noxa cnoeut ynpaBne-_
3. CraprepBKflloqaercfl, uo ero nropu nr6o HUf, ABnrareneM unu BbtcoKoBonbTHou
He Bpaqaercr, nn6o Bpaqaercr MeAfleHHo.
llonegxui coBer uenn MoAynf,3axnraHns,
IpuvuHur- pa3pnxeHaaKKyMynflropHan 6ara- Ilepeg npoaepxoi cnqeuu 3axuraHne Yxaeaunyn npoBePKY nPoBo4ure
pefl, HapyueHblKoHTaKTHble COeAilHeHilfl, noA- yoaHoBuTePb,.lar neperuwrqeHugnepe' ne 6oneensru ceKyHA,uro6u ne noape-
fopenil KoHTaKTbr TffoBoto pene, 3afpR3HeH 4au e nefrrpantHoe nofloxeHue n ocraab- 4nt nefirpanusarop otpadoraBwux ra-
KOflreKTOp t4llt4l43HOUeHbl qeTKil, MexBilTKO- Te BKnKrqeHHbtM qonxovnnil ToPMo3. 3OBB p$ynbTare nonaAaHuf,B Hero He-
Boeilru KoporKoe3aMbrKaHile e o6Moxax. cropeBuero B qnnnH4pax A,Bnrareng
4. CraprepBKroeaercfl.ero RKopbBpaulaer- 6ensuna.
Cfl,HOMaXOBI4K OfiaeTcfUenogeuXHutt',1. [lpr-
qnHur- ocra6reHheKpenneHilfl craprepaKKap-
repy cqenneHrf, noBpeMeHile 3yobeBMaxo-
BVKavrvl uecTepHil nphBoAa, npooyKcoBKa
uyQru cao6ogHoroxoga npnBoAa,_nonoMKt4
pbrgara,noBoAKoBofoKonbqa ujlt4 oyQepHol4
npyxr4Hbr npilBoAacraprepa.

1.flpoaepure 3arnxKyBt4HroB Mo-


KpenreHilfl
nnoT-
Aynf 3axilfaHilR,TaKKaKOHaOnpeAenFeT
MOAynRHa CBeqh.
HOCrbnocaAKil HaKOHeHHnKOB
HnrroeorurHoi
2. flpoaepureilcnpaBHocrb 5. Ecnr ucKpbtHer Hr4Ha o[HoM BblcoKo-
qenilMoAynfl
3axilraHilR. BblBOAe
BOflbTHOM MOAynR, He ne-
npoBepbTe,
pefopenarh nnaBKarBCraBKa Ng20e MoHrax-
Hov 6nore, pacnonoxeHHoMB noAKanorHoM
npocrpaHcrBe.EcrI efiasra nepefopefia, 3aMe-
HhTeee r nycrilTeABufaTeIb.
5. CraprepHeBbrKnoqaercfl noole nycKaABil-
llpeeynpex(eeHne
rarern. flpnvrHbl- HeilcnpaBHocrb MyQrblcBo-
6oAHoro xoAa craprepa, cneKaHileKoHTaKIoB He ycranaenuaafite nnaaxne BcraBKn'
TflroBoropene. B cnyrae rarotZ HeflcnpaBHocru paccqnraHHb,ena dontwnrt HowuHenb-
HeMe.qneHHo ocraHoBr4TeABurarelul nati tox, tro Moxer npuBecruKnoBpex-
AeHnK' znextpoodopygoBaHus u Aaxe
K noxapy.
6. EcnrilcKpbtHer,3aMeHhre Mogynb 3axil-
TaHr4RHoBbrM(cu. <CHnrreil ycIaHoBKaMogynn
3. Ecrn Hh3KoBorlbrHan qenb KaryuKr 3axil- 3axr4raHilr), t4cKpa
c.221).Ecstvt ecrb,HoABr4-
raHhfl hcnpaBHa,npoBepbTeHannHileilcKpbl faTeflbHe 3aBOAl4TCf, 3aMeHrTecBeHl4 3axilra-
Ha cBegax3ax[raHnr. CHrvute Mo,qynb3axr- Hr4gHoBbrMt4. MoxHo npeABapr4TenbHo raKxe
ra{t4fl t4 onflTb npilcoeAhHilTeK HeMyKOIOAKy nonpo6oearuycraHoBt4Tb HeHoBble,Ho npoBe-
xryra npoBoAoB. peHHbre,c <pa6oveta MauilHbt).
7. Eant v nocne3TofoABilrarerb He3aBoAt4T-
cR,npoBepbreilcnpaBHocrb cl4fieMblynpaBne-
H14rABilrarerev ( ctu.<HercnpaBHocrl4 chcreMbl
HencnpaeHocru
YraraHsste rpe6yorreanr$r- BnpbrcKa ronnilea>,c. 42).
BMeuaTerlbcrBa
LplpoBaHHofo BaBTocepBilce nnr
no nphe3AeBrapax(cv. pasA.l0 <3nerrpoo6o- llpoeepxa cilcretbr
MoxHo
I
pyAoBaHile),c. 201).flpe4aapurenuno nlltaHl|t f,Errfatcrlt I
nilurbnpoBeprTb cleneHbpa3pfxeHHoclil aKKy-
uynnropHota6arapeuc noMou1blo OcHoeHutN,tnoKa3arefieM ilcnpaBHocrl4cl4-
.BorlbrMerpa
(HanprMep, B cocraBeaBrorecrepa, il 3arrxKy creMbt nilTaHhRABr4rarenflFBrflercf .qaBne-
coeAnHeHnlZ
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YxazanuytonpoBepKynpoBoAnre ne 6o- rarpy4HeHHurrlnycKABnrarenr
r Heycroivuayo Hurb cBe.rnHoBbtMu,nonpodyrtre yqa-
neensru ceKyHA,tto6u npn nocrreAyKr- pa6ory ABilrarenR.llpoeepure, He 3a- nuTb 9Tor Haner, norpySnB cBe,lu
,4eM nycKe He noBpeAurb nefirpanuza- $murp, hcnpaBHbr
6rr nr eorgyurHurra nil Ear- Ha Aecf,TbMnHyr p6rauu n3onf,ropoB
rcp orpa6oraBwux ra3oB nonaBuuM rl4KilTeMneparypbr oxnax4aoqei xrArocru a oproQocQopHyK,Kuarcry unu npeo6-
B Hero HecropeBwuMB qunuHApaxABU- il BCaCbrBaeMoro
Bo3Ayxa. pa3oBareflb pxaBqnHv (co4epxur op-
rarens densnnou. roQocQopnyrc xucnory), Ilocne eroro
llonerruf, coBer o,tncrure Haner Henerannnqecxofi t4er-
EcnuHararora-lr6ocBerre orcyrcrByer rc- Ucnonrcyrtre 6onee <ropnvyto> cBeqy. rofi (moxno crapofi eyduofi 4enort)
Kpa,Bo3MoxHo, 3TacBeqaHeilcnpaaHa. lnn n npoutofite caequcHaqanaBoAofi, a sa-
npoBepKh nouennrireMecraMilB MoAyne3ry reu deuguuon.
cBeqy ta3aBeAoMo ilcnpaBHyro,
Haroroporl6ur-
na ficKpanph npeAbrAyrqerZ npoeepre.floero-
pilre npoBepKy: eolil r4cKpa
orcyrcrByeril npil
ycraHoBKe a ApyroraHaKoHeqHr4KMoAynR, cBeqa
HehcnpaBHa. EcnrucrpaHacBegenorBr4racb,
HeNCnpaBeH MOAynb 3axhTaHufl,
3aMeHilTe eTo.
Ecrr e perynurarenpilHflrbrxvep nepe6on
ABrraTenR HeycrpaHeHbr, npoBepbTe KoMnpec-
cr4roB KaxAoM143 qilnnHgpoB(crr,r.
<flpoeepra
KoMnpeccril B LlilnxHgpax),
c. 87). Hopvaru-
HaR KoMnpecciln - 6onee1,0Ml-la(10rrc/crr,r'),
orlr4eile6onee0,1 M[la (1 rrc/cu') B oAHoM
qilnilHApecBil.qeTenbcrByeTo Heooxo,qilMocrt4 3. MaclnHure orloxeHilff.
peMoHTa ABITarenf. 3avacneHHure 3neKTpoAbr 14r43onnTop cBe-
vn. flprvnHa- nonaAaHile MacraB KaMepy
cropaHnff. Macro nona.qaer B KaMepy cropa- 5. OnnaerexHure
3neKrpogbr.
[]|ATHOCT]rKA Hr/Rtrepe3HanpaBnffpul/e KranaHoB ilnr{qe- PaHHee3axnraHne. lzlsolnrop 6enafir,
cocTonltnf IB[rATEftf, pe3 nopuHeBbre Konbqa.Bursureaer 3arpy,q- Ho Moxer 6urruaarpnrneHil3-3anponycKoB
no BHETTHEMy Brrnv HeHHurrZ nycK,nponycKne pa6oreqilnrH,qpa l4cKpbt t/ nonaAapu.ll4x Ha HeTootnoxeHrta
il ( noAepfnBaHrn> pa60raou.lero ABilrarens. il3 KaMepbr cropaHilf.Moxer npilBecrilKno-
CBEqET 3AX(ITAH'f, Heo6xoArvpeMoHT rofloBKr46rora qrnrH.q- BpexAeHiloABilrarefl npoBe-
fl. Heo6xogutr,to
poBr nopluHeeor7 rpynnugerrarenR. 3ave- pt4TbcoorBeTcrBile rrna cBeLtr3axilraHrff,
HTTCCBE9il 3AXilTAHilR. r,tr4crory
pacnurnrrenera QopcyHorh ronrr4B-
uoro $rnurpa, pa6ory cilcreMoxlaxgeHrfl
il cMa3Kil.

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cee,ia.
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BeTCrBileTenIOBOTO3HaqeHilfl CBeqil Anff ABr4- OuoxeHus Ha o6re il3onnTopaoKilcloB
h pa6ovnx
rarenn ycroaufr xere3a KrpnilqHo-KpacHofo qBeTail3 aHTilAe-
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llonesxrrf, coBer (QepporleHoe)r 6eH:raHy.OxraAutsaorcR 6. llenenuHore orroxeHilr.
Ilpu zamenecaeqeil Ha HoBbteyoaHaB- poBHbrM, nrorHbrMcroev. llpn pa6oregeura- Ceeuo-roprvHeBbre orlloxeHilfl, noKpbt-
nueafite ceequc reMu xe xapaKrepucru- rerR c 6orurLror,r
HarpyrroranoA aosAer4crgilev Baou.lileroprora qeHrparsHutfr n 6oroaofr
KaMU U3.|UAn peKOMeHAOBaHHbtX 3aBO- eurcoroi TeMneparypbr n AaBneHrrB KaMepe 3neKTpoAbr. Bur.qengnrcRta3nprca4oKKMac-
AOM-U3|OTOBUTeneM. cfopaHilffoKl4clbtBoccTaHaBruBaoTcf B ToKo- fiy vnv 6eH:rHy.Eonuuoeilx KonrgecrBo
npoBoAflu.lileAopoxKr4qhcToToxefle3a, 3aMbr- MOXeTnprBecrr,lK r43oflflut4r 3neKTpo.qoB
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3ro eusuteaer nponycKr43axilTaHilfl 14, KaK Hrr r nepe6ornpil pa3roHe. Ecnnvpervep-
cneAcrBile, naAeHne MoulHocTt4 ABhTarerfl HbreorroxeHrn o6pa:yorcfl 3a KoporKoe
il noBbtuleHHbttZpacxoA ro nnil ea. ll o Nrt4[,ro :ro - BpeMff unil npr He6onuuovnpo6ere,aave-
To Moxer 6urru noapexgeH ratalrrrvecrnil Hrre Mac.nocbeMHbte KornagKhHanpaBrnlo-
ueirpanrrarop orpa6oraeu:ilx ra3oB.cr4rbHo r!r4xKranaHoB, qro6urnpeAorBparilTb nona-
neperpeBapu.lnnCa nptt nonaAaHhilB HeTo AaHileMacnaB KaMepy cropaHilfl.
He cTopeBueroB LlilnilHApaxgarrarerR 6eH-
lrHa. HanernpaKTuqecKil HeyAanReM MexaHil- Jlonegxurf, coBer
qecKhMcnoco6ou n He Bbrropaernpil Anr- Ecnu ornox<euus qaduntuo o6pazyrcr-
TerbHoM .qBilxeHilr c 6oruuotl cKopocrbro. cg npu Annrenbuom npo6ere, npnluHa
Ecln :ror HanernonBflflercflHa HoBbtxcBeqax B Ka.recrBe6enguna - cMeHure Mecro
nocre ue6onruLoro npo6era, cMeHnreMecro 3anpaBKn,
2. OrnoxeHuR
caxn 3anoaBKil.
46 OOPEL ASTRA
EpoccenbHoro yua. l1or'rrvorroro cneqrQu- MOXHOnonpObOBaTb CaMOCtOflTerbHO Bbtnor-
puraroeaarovo6urnOpel
vecrori npr,rvraHoi HrTbcneAyoqee:
Astra,ocHaqeHHoro crcreMoiuerrpoHHoro - BHrMaTerbHoocMoTpilTenoAKanorHoe
ynpaBneHilsApoccenbHbrM y:rov, voxer 6urru npocrpaHcrBo.Burrnovilre 3axilraHile il npo-
HencnpaBHocrb neAanilaKcefi
epaTopa. Bepbre HaAexHocTbKpenneHilflil nocaAKrl
flpvruanuv,nHeKoropbtx HaBbtKoB npilqilHy Ha CBeqaXMO.qyJlF 3axilraHilfl tl Ha,qeXHOOb
oblBKoBMoxHo BbtflBt4TbcaMocToflTerbHo. coegilHeHnffero pa3beMa.llycrrre ABrfarenb
n nprcnyuarZrecbK ero pa6ore:rpecKnpil npo-
6oe rora BbrcoKofoHanpffxeHrn Ha (Maccy)
Prrgor B ilotellt
cna6urra.
Hoor.rernrauri. B norHor,rreMHorexo-
Haqara fiBxr(eHxf, pouroBr4AHol4cKpynpil npo6oe;
qaule BceTo -
B uoueHr Haqara ABnxeHr4R 3AMEHilTE CBCVil 3AXilTAHilfl HE3ABilCI4MO
ilMeerMecronpegeruuurra cryvarapurara- npo- or r4xcocroflHr4n r npo6era.O6parure BHilMa-
7. l4zonatopcBeqr pacrpecraewvitcnvnu san. Car,4ure HenphFTHbre oqyqeHhfl cBr3aHbr HileHacocToflHile cBeqer4:ecl|fioHoHecooTBeT-
co cKoraMr. ilMeHHO C 3ana3AblBaHilev oreerHotlpeaKqhr oByeT HopMe,Bo3MoxHo,nphAercflpeMoHl4-
leroHaqrn. 3ro Moxer nprBecrh ABrTaTenrHa Haxarile neAanr ra:a. ly'Hor4a poBaTbABuraTerbvltt eto crlcTeMbr.
KnoBpexgeHrto nopurHfl. V6egrrecs,vro oK- ABilrarefibnpil sToMAaxe moxHer.Pureoreo:-
TaHoBoe .{ilcno6enlilFtacoorBercrByer rpe- HilKaeTB MOMeHT Haqala OTKpbrTt4F ApOCCenb-
6yeuorr,ty. HOl4 3aCflOHKr4, KOTAanOCilfHaflyAaTqilKa nOnO-
xeHilR.qpoccenbHoi3acnoHKh 35Y onpeperner
MOMeHT nepexoAah3 pexilMa xorocToToxoAa
Ha Hafpy3ogHbrr,r pexuu 14AoIXeH yBenhlrr4rb
KOIT4qeCTBO nOAaBaeMOrO qepe3QOpCyHKr4 TOn-
nrea. flpr HeAocraroqHoM AaBneHililB TonrilB-
HOI pavne,Aaxe nph yBeruqeHhh.qrilrerbHo-
cTil BnpbrcKa, TonrrBa MR nnaBHoroTporaHilg
c MecraHe xBaraer.Merogrry npoBepKhAaB-
reHNFTonflrBa cM. B noApa3Aene([poBepKa
AaBneHhF B chcreMennawa>, c.121.
STOrOpblBOKMOXeTBO3H14KHyTb CneqrQrvecron
flot',lut',lO npvuuaoilpbrBKoB npil yc-
il BCneACrBre HeilcnpaBHocril 3neKTpoMexaHn-TaHoBr4BUeMcR ABilxeHililaarovo6urnOpel
qecrorZqacrr.qpoccenbHoro y3na,a raKxe B pe- Astrauoxer 6urruaurxog r43crporAaryilKa no-
3ynbTaTe 3afpfl3HeHrflgpocceruuora3aoroHKr4 IOXeHilfl ApOCCenUUOI3aCrOHKr4,BCTpOeHHOTO
oTIOXeHTRMil t43Ka0Te0Hbrx ra30B. B KpbrurKy ApoccenbHoroy3na. ,qononHrrenb-
8. MexaHu.{ecrile noBpexgeHrn 3neKTpoAoB HbrM14 cilMnToMa Mh, no,qTBepxAaou.{r4Mfi Heilc-
14h3oIFTODa CBeqr. npaBHoclbSToTo EarquKa,flBrflrorcs:
lloapexgeHrn voryr 6urruBbt3BaHbt hHopoA- - HepaBHoMepHan pa6ora ABilTarerflHa xo-
HbrMilnpeAMeTaMh, nonaB[ur4M14B KaMepycro- flpuruHoi pbrBKoB npil pa3roHeuoxer 6urru, nocloM xo,qy;
paHiln, a B cnyqae hcnorb3oBaHhflcrl4urKoM KaKil B npegbrAyuleM cnyeae(cur,<PureoK B Mo- - cHilxeHre uarcrvanuHorZMoulHocril
nBil-
.uiaHuoracBevilee 3neKTpoAbr MoxeT3allenilTb MeHTHaqaraABilxeHnR>,c. 46), HeAocraroq- rATEIfl.
nopueHb.3ro npreogur K pa3pyueHhocBeer, HOeAaBIeHneTOnIilBaA rOnlraHOttpaVne. Kpurr.ura ApoccenbHofoy:na Hepar6opxan
oTKnoqeHr|oqilnrHApa h MoxeT noBpeAilTb 3nerrpoHuurri6nor ynpaereHilr ABr4TarefleM,il no3ToMyHepeMoHTonpilfo4Han. Ecrr onpe-
nopueHb.Ygarrre rHopogHurinpe.qMer il3 Lg4- nonyqhBoT EaTgrKanoroxeHrF 4pocceruHora AeJreHa HeilcnpaBHocrbAarqilKa ( cir. <11poaep-
nilHApau (unn) 3aMeHilTe cBeey. 3acroHKr4crrHan o6 ilHTeHcilBHoM orKobtrr4tl Ka il 3aMeHaAaTquKoBcr4cTeMbr ynpaBneHiln
3acnoHKr,l Ha 6oabujorlyron, crpeMrTcflMaKcr- ABilrareneM,c. 223), 3aMeHrreApocceruHurra
MarbHoyBeflilqilTbno,qaqyTonrilBa, Ho t43-34 y:er e c6ope c rpurr.urorl.
ABTOMO6]|,|b noHilxeHHoTo AaBneHhR TonIhBa He B coctofl-
lBrrxGTCf, PbtBKAMll H1414 3Toroc,qenarb.Ipr,rvrHurraKoro FBreHilf
u cnoco6npoBepKil cM. B noApa34elerPursor ABTOMOE]|,|b nrOXO
llprveHrreruHo r aerovo6ilnp pbrBoK- 3To B MOMeHT HaqalaABhXeHVArr, C.46. PA3TOHf,ETCR
KparKoBpeMeHHoe caMonpoil3BojlbHoe 13Me- fiovnvo yKa3aHHbrx npher4H, pbrBKilnpr pa3-
HeHre qacToTbtBpauleHl4ffKofleHqaToro Bafia roHeaerovo6ilflff c aBToMarilvecroiropo6rori
ABt/lfaTengHe3aBrcrMooT noj]oxeHilfl neAanil nepe.qaquroryr6urru Bbr3BaHbr KaKHeAocraroq-
rala. B noacegHeeHol4 3Kcnnyaraqilr,KaKnpa- HbrMKorr4qeoBovpa6overa xilAKocril a ropo6-
Brno, taMeoTMefio cepilil pbrBKoB.flpe4elu- Ke,raK r HeilcnpaBHocrbo caMoi ropo6rm.
HUr CryVara pbrBKa- npoBan,ou.lyrilN,toe
3ana3-
AbrBaHile oreerHoripeaKquilABrrarerfl Ha Ha- llpnmeroxne
xaTile neAaril aKcenepaTopa. Aatouo6nnt c aBToMarn.recxoit xopo6-
VcroaHoMoxHoBbrAerilTb rpr4BilAapbrBKoB: xoi nepegat uoxer pagroHf,Tbcs pbtBKa-
- B MOMeHT HaqalaABilXeHhF;
- npil pa3foHe; Mu B Ha.tane nepeofi noeg4Kn noare or-
- npr ycraHoBr4BueMcfl KnKr.reHug u odpatnoro noAKnpqeHnf,
ABr4xeHrh,T.e. npil aKKyMyneropxoi 6arapeu. 9ro ue sann-
nocroflHHoM noroxeHilil neAannaKcenepaTopa. eTcflHencnpagHocTbto, TaKKaKnoute He-
,ftn onpegereHhRnphr{rHpbrBKoB npta.qBil- cKonbKuxpa3roHoB enexrponnufr 6nox I aK pacnofioxeHbr B noAKanoTHoM npocrpaH-
xeHilil aBToMoor4IrR c r4HXeKTOpHbtM ABilfaTe- orrapupyer ynpaenenue xopo6xoi u ne- cTBey3nbt, HehcnpaBHocrb KoropbrxBrilRer
reu rpe6yercncneqhaflbHoeAharHocrilqecKoe peKn,c,qeHne nepe,4aqcTaHeTilraBHbtM, HaAilHaMilKyaerovo6hnR.
o6opy4oeaHne,no3roMy peroueHgyev o6pa- [1pr,rvr,rHyxyAueHiln AVHaMVKVMHoro, oc-
Tr4TbCRHa CepBrC, Cneqranil3npy|or.r.lilracq HOBHbre MOXHO OnpeAerilTb TaK.
Ha peMoHTe cucreMBnpbrcKa ronrilBa. OAHaro,
Prtgrn nprr ycrauoBlrBlrercn 1. HercnpaaHocrbABrTareflfl - cHilxeHile
KaKnoKa3brBaer npaKTilKa,e 6orulrnHcreecly- FBr|r(GHrtX KOMnpeccilft B oAHoMl4jlhHecKoIbKt4x qilnhH,q-
qaeB pbrBKr6utaatorBbr3BaHbr HeAocraroqHbrM laKr4epbtBKl4 9aule BceTo B b l 3 B a H b l pax, noAcocAonorHrTerbHoTo Bo3AyxaBo Bny-
AaBneHileMTonnilBas ronnreHoll paMne ilnil HeilcnoaBHocrbto ct4creMbr3axvf aHVA. Heo6xo- crHott rparr ABhraTenfl . 3arorcoeuteaHtAecvc-
HeilcnpaBHocTbo .qaTqilKanoJtoxeHflf Apoc- Ar4Mbl,qrarHocTVKav peMoHT(cM. pa3A. reN/brBbrnycKa ilnh noBpexAeHueHerarpanr:a-
cenuHoti3acroHKu,BcrpoeHHoroB KpbruJKy 10 <3nerrpoo6opy,qoBaHile)), c. 201). B nyru TOpaoTpaooTaBUrx ra3oB.
B nvrl|
HEnCnPABHOCTIT o 47
2. HercnpaaHocrb ct4creMbr ntAraHVA - 3aco- cqenlteH!,1fl. tcjll4 ABhrarenb 3affloxHeT,cLlen- pBaHHOM peMHeABilrarenbHeoyAeTnycKarbcfl
peHile QopcyHoK, ronrrilBHoro QnnbTpa reHre /cnpaBHor He6yrcyer.Ecrngeltrareru 6e: ergruurx npilqilH.
1,,1
uJflaHToB ct4creMbtnoAaqilTou!t,tBa.HeAocra- He moxHeT,cqenjreHre il3HouJeHo il Tpeoyer Kpove roro, BHe3anHyo ocraHoBKy ABilrare-
ToqHafl noAaqa6eH:oHacoca. flpruereHneron- 3aMeHbr. rF u HeBo3N/OXHOCTb nOCneAyOUlerO nycKaMo-
nilBaHr3KOrO KaqecrBa. XCT BbI3BATb OTKA3 IATqTKANOTOXCHilflKOIEH-
3. HercnpaaHocrb cilcreMbr 3axilraHrfl- Bbr- qaToroBanarnr oTcoe.qilHeHre oT HeroKorloA-
xog 143crpoffcBevil3axr4raHrn,npo6orl eutco- 4Br|rATErb 3ArrOX Ku xryra npoBoAoB.
roaolurHorauenil crcTeN4br. BO BPEMf, IBn)KEHllfl flor',ruvoonilcaHHofo,cneqrQnvecrotanpn-
4. HeucnpaeHocrbc14creMbr ynpaBneHilF qilHorlocraHoBKl4 ABilrarerfl, o6opygoaaHHoro
- PaHorrr no34Hora4utta BogrrenbMoxer crcreuoi r43MeHeHrr
ABilrareneM orKa3AarqilKoBcrcrevut. [1pu Qa: ra:opacnpeAeneHilfl ,
oTKa3eKaKoro-lu6o garvura rrerrpoHHuttZ nonacrbB o4TyaLihro, KofnaaBTorvo6ilnb, eule voxer 6utru orKa3SreKTDoMa[HhrHbrx KJ]ana-
6nor ynpaaneHrflnepexoAr4r Ha pa6ory no pe- HecKolbKovrHogeHili Ha3a[ noAqilHReuilt4cRHoBcr4creMbr urr 6rora ynpaBneHilfl.
repalott nporpaMMe,noraolnoqeta AoeXaTb BCeMKOMaHAaM, BApyrnepecral pearrpo-BaTb
AOlapaxa urh aBrocepB[ca,Ho npil 3ToMcHr4- Ha HaxaTileneAanilra3a,a Ha nproopHoilna-
xapTcfl Mor]lHocrHbre 143KoHoMr4qecKre xapaK- Hetril 3aropaorcn KpacH breoroHbKt4.leu rarelu YNA,|O
Tepilcrl4Kr ABLlrarerR. nepecran pa6oraru, aerovo6uru repner cKo- AAB,|EH]|E MACnA
5. HencnpaeHocrb cr4creMbr u:r',reHeurnQar poclb. 9ro AenarbB rarott cnryaqrr?
fa3opacnpeAeneq[fl- oTKa33neKTpoN4arHilT- CaNIoe maaHoe- HeHeoBHrHattre! Butoqnre
HblxKflanaHoB wAoroKa ynpaBreHnR cilcTeMbr. aeaprlrHyroct4fHalr3aqillo,BbrxMilTeneAanb
6. flpo6yrcoara cuenreH/r BcreAcrBilen3- cqenneHrRt,l,flcnonb3ynilHepuilloaerovo6r-
HOCarlrr HeilcnpaBHocTr4 9neMeHToB fr4Apo- flfl, nooapar4TecbocropoxHo nepeMecrilTbcfl
npIBoAaefo BbrKrroqeHilR. K Kpao npoe:xetZ .r,acrt/t tA ocraHoBt4Tbcfl KaK
7. HeucnpaeuocrbropMo3Hora crcreuur - MoxHo npaBeey o6ovnHur, a ecril Bo3MoxHo,
npilTopMaxhBaHileO.qHOrO ilIlr HeCKOIlbKl,lXro 3a npe.qenaMrnpoerxelavacrr.
Korec Ha xoAy, HenpaBilnbHafl perynupoBKa
cTo9HOqHOfO TO0M03a. IIpe4ynpexpeHue
7. HeAofiaro,lr-roe
AaBreHre Bo3Ayxa B uuHax. Vqrure, qro npu nepa6orarcqeM ABwra-
8. l-leperpyrraaBToNro6r4rr. rene tQQexrnBHocrb ropuoenoi cncre-
florHyro AilafHocrfiKyaeroNro6urRAonxHbl uot aatouo6nns cHnxaercf, u F,ns rop-
npoBoAr4rb esrcororeanrQilUllpoBaHHbre cne- Mor(eHnfl Moxer notpedoearacn 6onu-
uilaflilcrblc nprMeHeHreMcneqilanbHoroAna- wee ycunue Ha ropMo3Hofr negann. Brov6nHaqrn npr6opoe Baueroaerovo6il-
rHocrreecKoroo6opy4oaaHnn,norror,ryo6pa- To xe camoe npoucxoAur c pylreBuM yn- Ilfl eCTbCl4fHaJlbHafl naVna aeaprttHOfO naAe-
TilTeCb B aBTOCepB!1C. paBneHueM, odopygoeannbM tneKrpo- HilRAaBneHilfMaCJra B ABilfarene.,qln HaAex-
CavoooqrenuHoMoxHo npoBecrr cneAyto- Hori pa6orur ABtllarerR Heo6xoAt4N,to, ,{ro-
ru4poycnflureneM.
Ure Pa6orbr. 6ur e crcreve cMa3Kh nocrofHHo o6ecne,1ilsa-
1. flpoeepureil AoBeA/TeAo HopMbrAaBne- BrltpqnrecronHovxutta ropvo3;ecnhaBToMo- rocb AocTaTotHo BbrcoKoe AaBIeHile.
HileBO3AyXa B U.rnHaX. 6hru ocraHoahflcflHa yKroHe, ncnoruryire
2. l-lpoeeprre pa6ory pa6overaropuorHoi npol4BoorKarHbre ynopbr.flpr croxHutx yclo- llpegynpe)KgeHr,re
cilcreMbtt4CroflHoqHofo ropMo3a.CHuvaruro- Br4flXAB/XeHilRr Ha3arOpOAHbrx AOpOrax Bbl- Ecnu npu pa6ora,otueM ABurarene 3aropa'
neca Mfl 3TofoHeo6fl3aTellbHo. Hail.qilrepoe- craBbreuar asapnrlHol/r ocraHoarr, KaKlro ercn curHaflbHasnaMna aaapuunoro na$e-
Hsri yracror Aoporr 14B cyxylo6eraerpeHuyto npegycMorpeHollpaauravu AopoxHoro ABt4- HUqAaBneHnflMacnau flpoAoflxaeT ropeTb
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6era aerovo6ilns. AsroMo6ilrs gonxeH 6utru Hr4Tb BO3H14Kuryo HerCnpaBHOCrb. ro tro rpeBoKuau npuzuax, Hyxno neueg-
nolHoclbro3anpaBneH, B cafloHeToJlbKo BoAr4- Cyqecreyor gee ocHoBHbre npilqilHbr: ITeHHO npeKpaTnTbABwKeHue,ocTaHoBurb
reru. Pagronure asroMo6hnugo 50 ru/v, au- - HepaooraercilcTeMa3axrTaHrfl;
ABurarenb u BbtflcHurbnpuquHy.fl,anwei-
poaHnire cKopocrb,a 3areMBbrKntogilTe nepe- - HepaooTaeTcrcTeMant4TaH4fl.
wan pa6ora ABurarenn npn noHhxeHHoM
gavy n gerrararecbno uHepllhr4go norHoi oc- lrR Havara BbrflcHrre,ecrb nil a 6are 6eH- A,aBneHunMacna MoxeT npnBecTvlK cepb-
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HoM HanpaBneHru.But6erAonxeH cocraBr4Tb Ha yKa3arenbypoBHnronnrea. Ecrr crpenKa BHMsaTpaTaMHa peMOHT.
ororo 500 v. yKa3aTenff noKa3btBaeT Hanrqre TonrrBa,a cilr-
3. llpoaepure pa6ory crcreubr 3axilraHr4fl, HarbHaflnaMna oe3eoBHoroocTaTKa TonrilBa
; llpoaepxa crcreilbt cila3Kr I
KaKOnilCaHO Bbtue. B KOMOilHaLlilr4npilOOpOB He roprT, MOXHO
npeAronoxrlTb,qro6eHrlrHa 6areecru.
OrrporareKanoril BHilMarerbHo ocMorpilTe pfTb ypoBeHbMacla B ABuraTeIe- 4at,4reevy
noAKanorHoe npocrpaHcrBo.O6parrreBHilMa- crerlbBMacrflHbtr,rra prep,rro :alaverAae-T -
pv MIA
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ABn-
HaMecrenil BcenpoBoAa, Herril ooopBaHHblx,fATCJ]b_ HETIIil HAHCMCBEXTX NOTCKOBMACIA.
cropeBUilx,c noBpex4eHHott u:onnqrei.Oc-
M O T p r 4 T eo e H 3 i l H O B b l e U J I l a H r r , T O n I i l B H y r o
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flpe.qynpe)KAeHHe
Ecnn nogrexaer 6enznu, Hu B KoeM cny-
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ycrpa HeHu s Hencnpa eu ocr n !
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rocroroxoAa- npuMepHo 1500wUH-I. 3arop- npucrynarZreK npoBepKechcreM 3axr4raHlrn
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nog nepeAHoro
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cocloFHilepeN4Hfl Kaprep
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t- 48 OopelAsrRA
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cril npnonrxaeTcFKKpt4Tl4LtecKoN4y
3HaHeHhlo.
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Toro MaawHoro Kaprepa, nonurafitect
BpeMeHHoSaAenarbee na uecte. Ans llpoaepxa
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3ynbTaTMoxeT AaTb npuMeHeHue coBpe- HOil3-noA KanOTa He BbrpbrBaoTcF Kjryobrnapa,
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HoMypoBHeravna aeapurZHoro nageH14F AaB- BrltoHrre aeaprraHyocr4rHaru3aqrlo, Bbr-
IeHilfl MaCJtanoTacla, MoxHo npoAonxaTb xN4ilTeneAarb cqenneHilR,3aTeM,uctorb3yfl
ABI4xeHile. Ecrr ravna He racHer,npoBepbre ilHepqiltoaerovo614rR, nocraparTrecu ocropox-
rctpaBHocrbAarqrKaAaBneHilR vacla.,[arvnr HO nepeMecThTbcf K Kpao npoe3xer4,racTLl
ycraHoBreH BHr43yB nepegHera vacrn6rora qr- h ocraHoBr4TbcflKaKMoxHonpaBeey o6ovnHur,
nilHApoB,pfAor\4c BoARHbTM HacocoM noA Bbr- a ecrtLlBO3MOXHO, TO3a npe.qenaMrnpOe:Xer7
nyCKHblM KOIIeKTOpOM 1,1BoAopacnpeAenr- vacrr. laire ABrrareno nopa6orarunapy M14-
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HaufAHocfl4aurnycrHola KonneKTop 14BoAopa- HanonHyo Morl]HocTb oTon/TeIeM.
cnpeAenilTenbHan rpy6a cHnrur).BureepHrre
3. O6panare BHuMaHileHa HracrqHurrZurarHurrTAarvilKAaBreHilRH,tacla(cH,r. <3ave- llpegynpe)KEeHre
Qmurp. Macro voxer noAreKarb il3-nog pe3il- Ha .qarqrKa curHaluloi lavnur aaaprrZHoro He ocrauaanueatzre4aurarent cpasy!
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cra6o :arnHyra.lzlHorAa6uraaer4ocraroqHoHe- Ecru 4aaneHrenpil HopManbHor,l vacroreapa- Ecnunonnyn unn cocKoqunwnanr nu6o
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c pocroM qacro-
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O ropnuuegeranu Aaurarens uoxno o6- 3reKTot4qecKaf uenb. npuAeTcf,ocTaHoBnTb HeMeMeHHo.
xeqbcf,, nEToMy HaAeHbTenepqaTKu
n o4ex4y c MuHHbrMupyKaBaMu.
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4 e T a I R M 1 4A B i l r a T e l f l
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napoBbrxnpo6or.3ro RsreHue
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nprgilH AaBneHileMacna B EBl4rareneHeAo-
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il peMoHrBBhrarenff(cv. parg. 5 (ABhra-
T e I l b ) ,c . d b ) .

llpegynpe)KgeHre
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rotarputurr Qrnurpa,3aN4eHilTeee ynnorHr,l- ABurarenb enilAer w crpof,. Ot6yxcu-
TerbHoe (cla.<3avena
Konbllo MaclaB ABilra- pyure gtn peMoHTaaBToMo6wntc xepa-
rere il N/acrnHoro c. 64).
Qr,rnurpa>, 6orarc4uu gBurareneM.
JlonegHrri coBer
llpexgeueu npucrynurb K peMoHry ABU-
2. OxporareKanorh ocMorphrenogKanorHoe
raTenf,, npoBepbTe cocfoflHue MaarfHoro
npocrpa Onpe4errre, orKyAa
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cn nap.Ipn ocN/orpe.qBilrarern
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5. BurHure qyn, nporpureelo 9r4c-
l,racnRHurrl nEPETPEB[B]rrATErrf, paAilaTopa,
BbrxurraHToB, TepMocTaTa.
roi rpnnroirt4BcraBbre
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craHbreu.lynil npoBepbTe ypoBeHbMacna. f1pr,rpa6oreABilrarenn flcnpaBHaflcilcreMa llpegynpe)K,qeHrre
OH4onxeHHaxoAr4rbcn Mex4yBepxHeil n uv- oxraxAeHrr noAAepxilBaer onrrvaluHurrZ
xuetauetraur. reMneparypHbrfipexrv. HapyueHnn a pa6ore
6. EcrttypoaeHb MaoraHrxe HrxrelZverrr, crcleMbroxnaxAeHrF MoryTnphBecTil K nepe-
MacroAo HopMbr.
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Maan MoxHo ncnonb3o8aTbEopoHKy, peMoHT ABhraTenF.
n3roroBneHHyot n3 nnacruKoeou 6y- B rov6rnaqrn npil6oposBauJero aeroNao6/-
HurorAa He orKpuBartre cpa3y npo6xy
TUnKU. nfl HaxoAl4rcr cilrHarbHaff ravna 29 (cl,t. pacuupnrenbHoro
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HE]TGnPABHOCTIB nyr]r o 49
B CnCTeMe OXnaXAeHUf, HaXOAUTCf, nOA 5.lerrareru Moxerneperperbcfl BcflyqaeBbt- 7. 3avesurennaBKyro
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roropurrZperynnpyer Ha$oro crpenrora)
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neHuepe3Koyna4eT, xu4KocTb 3aKunuT npoxox.4eHhe noToKa
xuAKocil4B cilcreMeox- xpaHrrelei r pene,ycraHoBneHHoM B noAKa-
u ee dpbBrn Moryr Bac ounapurb. EaM naxAeHilR qepe3pa,qilarop
ilnil MrMosero.(Ern norHoMnpocrpaHcrBe. Ecnr nocne3aMeHbl
Bbt xoTuTe oTKpbtrb npodKy pacuupu- ycKopeHilnnpofpeBaxono.qHoro ).
ABt4rarenf nnaBKoiBcraBK!4BeHTunflTopHeHavalpa6o-
TenbHoro6aqxa na ropf,.teMABnrarene, rarb, npoBepbre MR qero
3neKrpoABhrarenb,
npe4BapnTenbHoHaKuHbTe caepxy nnor- BO3bMUTe npoBoEa
ABaAOnOIHtlTeIbHblX n nO-
Hy,oroncryK, TpgnKyu ronbKonocne9ro- Aaire naHeTonuraHile
HenocpeAcrBeHHo or aK-
ro ooopoxHo noeopatnaafite npo6xy, ryuyrnropHoi 6araper. flpoeopaAonxHbl
obrTb Ha.qexHo
3aKpenfleHbr
14r43onilpoBaHbt.
3.3arnnHnre noAnaHeflbnpu6opoe co cro-
poHbr nepeAHefo naccax[pa- HeTJll4noAgera llpegynperxgelrrq
xrArofi il, Bbt-
rerv viv cle,qoBoxnaxAaoulera He gonycxaire sanbmaHnf, npoBoqoB
reraoqei il3 pa,qilaropa
oronilTerfl. MexAy codort! Odparnre BHnMaHue
Ecnra o6HapyxeHa reqboxraxgaoqeraxrg- Ha nonf,pHocfb noAKnKr.teHuf,:,neKTpo-
Kocrr, ronHyBwvilunaur MoxHoBpeMeHHo
ABUrafenbAonxeH Bpar4aTbcf,TaK,,tTo-
BoccraHoBr4Tbc noMoutbto
nrnKoi neHTbt. 6u aentunnrop HarHeranBBAyx qepe3
paAuaTopHaABnraTenb,a HanpaBneHnfl
llonesHurf, coBer ,[.nnnpoeepxurepMocraTa
HyxHoHanporpeToM o6pazyeuoro noroKa n Haderapr4ero
Ocodenxo xopouo pn erort qeflu noA- ABilraTere npoBepilrbHa otqynbTeMneparypy (nyreaoro) noroKa BosAyxacoBnaqanu.
xo4ur apMupoBaHHae(nanpuuep, cepe- ufl aHra,coeAilHHroqero
TepMocraTc paAilaTopoM.
6puooro 4eera) nunxan neura, KoropyK, EcrnunaHrpa4ilaropa xoloAuslra,
repMooarHe- Havanpa6oraru,He-
Ecrr anerrpogBilTarenb
uoxno npno6pecrn a aBToMara3uHax. ilcnpaBeH, qepe3
qupKynnqilr paAilaTop
Her. ilcnpaBHbr3neKrponpoBoAKa,npeAoxpaHrrenb
ilnn peneBKnoqeHnf BeHTilnfTopa
cucTeMbr ox-
Tevupagraropa,TepMocrara rrn oronrrerfl eclr HeT- TaKXe
naxrqeHilfl; HercnpaBHbt 3ne-
AOEOJIbHO CTOXHO ycrpaHilTbHaMecre,nosTo- KrponpoBo.qKa ilnr co6creeHHo3neKTpoABilra-
uy a raroficvryauntA
Heo6xo4ruo poll4rbBct4- renu.Pere,npeAoxpaHrrenb il 3neKTpoABilra-
creMyoxnaxgeHnfBoAyil npl4ABnxeHVtA BHn- TefibHepeMoHTonpilFoAHbr,3aMeHhre ilx (cM.
MaTenbHo cneAuTb 3a yKa3aTefleM
TeMnepaTy- parn.l0 <3nerrpoo6opyAoeaHre>, c. 201).
pbl, nepro.qilgecKn ypoBeHb
BoccraHaB.nilBaf
B CUCreMeOXIIaXIeHhfl. llonegnue coBerbl
llpe4ynpe)qEleHxe B npofixe pacwnpurenbHoro 6atra ycta-
HoBneHbt ABaKnanaHa- BnycKHoin Btl,-
flnutentnoe ucnonb3oBaH ue BoAb,BMec- nycrnofi. Bunycxnort KtanaH urpaer
ro anruQpusa npulo4ur K o6pazoaaunrc 6ontwyn ponb B odecneqenuu onru-
HaKnnuB cncfeMeoxnaxAeHugABuraTe- ManbHoro reuneparypHoro Pexnua
ng, wAweHu,o ero oxnilKAeHug H, KaK 6. O,{eHreacro'npilqhHori neperpeaa 4erra- EBurarenf,. On nopgepxnaaer B cucreMe
arcAcfBue,K coKpaqeHu,opecypca. Terf, cr4ceMa oxnax.qeHilf KoTopofo ocHauleHa us6tttoqnoe AaBneHue He MeHee
Huxor4a xe gonneafirc xonoAHyK,BoAy 3neKTpt4qecKIMBeHTUJIRTOpOM, CraHOBI4TCflBbt- 0,145 MIla (1,45 xrc/cuf), o6ecne,tuaas
e neperperuhgBnnrenu Ongonxeu ootr xoA BeHTilnflropail3 crpofl. flycrure ABilrarenb, noBbrtaeHueTeMneparypb,HaqiunaSaKn-
BarbcorKpbfibiru
KanoroMHeMeHee30 uun. creAure 3a reMneparypora r o6parure BHhMa- naHuf, oxnax4atot4efr xuAKocru u npe-
Hile HaTO,BKrrOqaeTCR nil npil nepefpeBeABil- uHreHcuBHoenapoo6paso-
AynpexAas
Tarerfl BeHTilngropct4creMbt oxlaxgex nn. f1pr - BaHue, K coxanenup, npn 3aKnnHuBa-
qilHaMilHeBKntoqeHhR BeHTilnRTopa voryr 6urr Hnu KnanaHa B SaKpbtToMnonoxeHuu
neperopeeuura npeAoxpaHurenb (nnaeran npu nePerpeBeBo3HuKaeT 3HaquTenbHoe
BcraBKa), HeucnpaBHoe pere BKnoqeHl,1ff ... npeBbtueHnengdb,ToqHoro AaBneHuf,-
6onee0,15MIla (,5 xrc/cnt),.tro Moxer
npuBean K paspbrBypacwnpnrenbHoro
6aqxa unu cpbrBy o4,Horo us unaHroB.
B caon ouepe44 ?aKnuHuBaHue KnanaHa
B OTKpbtfoM nonoxeHnn npuBoAuT
K npo,(AeBpeMeHHoMy3aKunaHuK,ox-
naxgarcr4efr xu4xoau.
4. 06puramu ocna6neHue HarRXeHilR peMHR
npilBo.qa
feHepaTopa h BoAfHoroHacocanpaKruqec-
KuBcerga npilBofll/T
K neperpeBygarrarern.Ecnu
peMeHb qefl,npoBepbre (cv. <llpo-
eroHarflxeHile
BepKa peMHfl npilBoAa BcnoMofaTerbHbtx
afpera-
roe),c. 63).Ecrtu
npon:ouero6pure mr pevenu ...oKr4cfleHHbre
KoHTaKTbt B KonoAKexryTa
l43H0UeHH4ctoflbKo,rlToaBToMaTilqecKoe
HaTfxHoe npoBoAoB,neperopeBUee co-
AononHilTeIbHoe
yaporaaaoHeo6ecne,{ilgaet HopManbHofo HaTRXe- nporilBneHile BeHTilJlflTopa
rlr cropeauri
HilflpeMHn,
3aMeHHTe peueHu(cv. (3aMeHa peMHfl lneKTpoABuraTenb.
nphBo.qaBcnoMofareflbHbrxarperaroe>,c. 63).

[Iozrouy paz B roA npowbrBafiyenpo6t<y


pacwnpnrenbuoro 6aaxa nporo,lHoil Bo-
Aoi. Ectru nof,Bnnncb'coMqeHns,3ane-
nure npo6t<y.Oueaq4no, qro ecnn Ha ne-
perperoM ABurarGnecnnt npo6t<ypac-
unpnrenbHoro 6arxa u no BpeMeHn?To
AefroBue coBna4erc rennoBbtwy4apo6,
50 OOPELASTRA
'1. 6. Ecnr peMeHb HopManbHo, npo-
ro BcKunaHnexuAKocfu u odpasoBaHue llpoeepure, ueo6opeaH nr peMeHb npilBo- HarRHyr
BosAywHbrxnpodor a cuoene oxnax4e- .qareHeparopa. Ecnrnponrouero6puta,:aue- Bepbre,He nepefopenhnu npeAoxpaHnrenh
nun 6yger rapaHrnpoBaHo. Hure peMeHb(ctu. <3aueHapeMHfinpuBoAa (norarauutcrpenranan) B AonorHrrenbHoM
Paea roA npogyeartrcsqertxupaAuaropa BcnoMoTarerbHbtx arpeTaroB), c.78). 6nore, pacnoroxeHHoM pn.qoM c MoHTaxHbtM
ctpyefi cxaroro Bosqyxa (nanpnuep, 2. Ecrr peuenbqen,npoBepbre ero HarFXe- 6norounpeAoxpaHurereta u pele,ycraHoBneH-
ot xonnpeccopa),HanpaBnrsopyp cuaqa- Hre (cu. (npoBepKa peMHflnpilBoAa BcnoMo- HbrMB noAKanorHoM npocpaHcrBe. Ecnunpe-
na HaBrlpe,+yna6erant4euy Bog4ywHowy TarelrbHbrx arperaroB),c. 63). EcnnpeMeHb AoxpaHilTenu 3aMeHxre
neperopeflil, ux,nycrv'
noTo,(y,a SaTeMno efo HanpaBneHnK,
Mf, r43HOUeH HaCTOnbKO, qro aBTOMaTvqeCKOe Ha- TeABhrarerbil npoBepbre, noracnaril fiaMna
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Cryx g xa,{ane ABHxeHnqagrouo6unq
C"ryx*r B nogBecKe paBHHx
llaroc rLlapxrpoa yilroBuxcKopofiei 3aMeHure uapH[pb'
Her4cnpaBHHe
H TpaHC|Y|lrCCnrr eaeop
uecrepeHrnagHoine- Orperynupyilre
3a3opB 3aqeflneHuil
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pelaqH
flpr noRelerurrnocropoHHrlx cryKoBB no4-
BecKeABr4xyu-lerocF aBroMo6/nR Heo6xo!r,4Mo l4snocoraepcrrn noAocb carennnroaa xopo6regnQQe- 3auerureKopo6Ky AnQQepeHuilana
0eHufiana
cpa3yxe ycTaHoBl,4Tb r,rxlcTogHl,4K
He3aB/cl,'11\,,1o
oT TOTO, nOCTOgHHbrtlITOCTyKt1tl nOFBJtfieTCF Cryx,qenqxunpuABl,rxeHrlr
asrouo6uncB noBopore
pl.4npoe3le HepOBHOCTel,4.
ToIloKo r-1 rapyxHorouapHlrpapaaHblx
14eHoc yfnoBbrx
cKopocTe!l 3aueHrre uapHnp
ueucnpaaHufr

*[rr aarovo6nrer,rc l,4exaH/cerKoil


ropo6rorz nepe4ar

f l p o a e g z r e n p o B e p K yn o A B e c K h cor,racilo
MeroAr,lKe, /3roxeHHor B pa3A.4 <TexHrqec- Ilpu,rura HeHcnpaBHocru Cnoco6 ycrpaHeHt,tc
KoeoocnyxrBaHL4e) ( cM.<[l poaeprarexHtlqec- 3a3opB noAtJnnHhKax
YeennqeHHufi cTyn[qnepqAH[xKonec nofluInHilKt4
3aMeHhre
(ofo cocToFHl,4n qerarei repelFet no4Bec(r1 raer rpenneHhg
0cna6neHue uapoBbxnanbqeBpyneBHx rsf 3arssurerafrxu
H a a B r o M o 6 / r e ) c, . 6 8 ; < f l p o a e p r ar e x H r ! e c - 3a3opB uapoBuxuapHupaxpyfleBbtx
YsenuqeHxuil rflr pyneBux
HaKoHeqHxKr4
3al,rennre rtr
r O lO C O C l O f l H tA4ef lr a fe t l 3 a A l e / r O E B e C, 4f 3a3opB pynesoMMexaHu3Me
VeenilqeHHHi OrpenonrrpyfrrepyneBoil
MexaHll3M
H aa B T o N / 0 6 r 4 nc e. 6>9, ) . 0cna6nerueKpenneHr4g pyneBoroMexaHu3Ma pyneBoro
3argnnreKpenneHr4g MexaHmMa

I
I
HEI|GnPABHOCTIIB nvT]l o 53
llpe.qynpexqeHxe reper 30 000 rrr,tnpo6eraunn2 roga(a 3aBtActA'yAepxilBafl neAaltb, nycrilre 4enrareru. Ecln
MOCTI4OTTOTO. HTO paHbuer.
HaCrynilT nocl|e nycKaABilraTenR neAanbHeMHofoonyc-
Cooosnne pyneBoroynpaBneHuf,B 3Ha- Heroropute Bo4r,lTenilnpeHe6peraor3TLIM
co- TrTCn,BaKyyMHUtt yCUlrrenuilcnpaBeH.
qurentuofi fieneHn Bnuf,er He ronbKo BeToM, nocKonbKy B oaqKeKaxeTcfl
xl4AKocrb
na ygodoao ynpaBneHuf,aeronodnneu, ilM AOCTaTOqHO ,1ilCrOt4,
t4COBepUeHHO HanpaCHO.
Hou HadegonacuoqoABnxeHu* lero a rou, rrroropMo3Hafl xilAKocrboqeHbrilf-
pocKonugHa - oHaBnilTblBaeT Bnaryil3 BO3AyXa,
llprvrHoracTyKoB14era6par4araHapyneBoM a 3TaBraraco BpeMeHeM HeToflbKo pa3pyuaeTno-
KoreceMoxer obrTbHeilcnpaBHoe cocrofHile BepxHocru ropl/03HblxLlilnilHApoB, TpyoonpoBo-
uJapoBbrxuapHilpoBpyneBblxrfr h pyneBoro AoB 14,KaKUreAcrBile,npnBoAl4T K npexAeBpe-
MexaHn3Ma, fl poeepsre
rorecaerol,ro6nnn. py- MeHHoMy Bbrxofly r43crpor y3noBropvorHoi crc-
neBoeynpaBneHile cornacHoMeToArKe, il3no- TeMbr,Ho 14cyqecrBeHHo cHuxaeTTeMneparypy
xeHHoiBnoApa3gene (OcMorpn npoBepKa py- KilneHilfl
ropvorHotixt4AKocril. HopvanuHar reu-
neBoro ynpaBneHilfl
HaaeroMo6ilneD, c. 70. nepaTypa KuneHrflTopl/o3Hblx xn4rocretauacca
"C.
DOT-4coaasnner210-260
Jlonegnue coBerbt flpu vacrutx t4HTeHcilBHbtx ropMoxeHilflx
TOpM03a OqeHb ct4rl
bHo HafpeBaoTcf , Heno4erxHoi,
ocranacb
2. Ecnrne.qalu npo-
Boznoxnofi npntnnofi eu6pa4uu u yAa- A14CKOBble
poB Ha pyneBoM Konecenpu ABnxeHuu npu 6onuuot',l coAepxaHuh BoAblTopMo3Haf BepbTeqenocTbr HaAexHocTb coeAhHeHilR
xr4EKOCrb MOXeTBCKilneTb, qTo, KaKnpaBilno, unaHfa BaKyyMHOfO ycvnnTenflco uryqepoM
co cKopocrbrctauwe 70-80 x*t/t uoxet
nepeAHnx Konec.o6pa' npilBoAr4rK oTKa3y ropMo3oB. rpy6egarrarern...
HaanycrHofi
6tttt
AucdanaHc
TUTeCb UnU nyHKTUUHO-
B aBTOCepBnC llonegrue coBerbt
MoHraxa Ms npoBepKu 6anancnpoexn
nepe4HuxKonec. tpn roro qro6u a 6yayueu He no4Bepr-
Eouygapu n au6pa4ut na pyneBoMKo' nyrc ce6n HenpeABuAeHHbtM pacxoAaw
NECE NOf,BTIflK'TCf, B MOMEHT HAXQTUf, Ha peMoHTHe ronbKo topuoznort cuae-
Ha neAanb ropMo3a, neodxo4uua saue- Mbt,Ho u Bceroastouoduns, nyttwe cBo-
HaTOpMO3HbrXKOnOAOK,peMOHTUnU 3a- eBpeMeHHoSaMeHf,Tbxu4KocTb B Top-
MeHa nepeAHux ropMosHbtx gucxoa (cu. MO3HOhCUCTeMe.
(Topwo3Hbre MexaHu3Mb, nepe4Hux Ko' PexouenqyeM 3aMeHf,rb roPMoSHYK)
c.192),
17ggrr, xu4Koab uepez 1 rog,
llpn nonanenuunpo6nemcrcpuozauunpo-
xauaitreropnosnyacnoeuy(cn. Kllpoxaq-
NPOE'IEMbT xa ropnoznortcncrenbDr,c, 53).Eou oro 3. ...r c ycmureneu.HeucnpaaHbl, uflaHr3aMe-
HeAanoxenaeuorope3ynbrara, Heodxoqn- HVre vlnt orperr,loHrrpyire.Eclu una Hr hcnpaBeH,
C TOPMO3AM]I Heo6xoAuvo:aMeHilTbBaKyyMHutt,t ycunurelu (ct',1.
Mo fl4aTenbHonpoBepnTbBc,oropMo3Hy,o
ToovolHaRcrcreMa Bauero aero[4o6ilnR, cucreMy,KaKonucaxonuxe (cu. KnpoBepKa <3aueHa BaKyyMHofoycranrrern>, c. 188).
cHa6xeHHaR BaKyyMHbrM ycilnhrereM v1aHTV' rcpuoenofi cnoemto4 c. 531
6norilposoqHorlcncrevorl (ABS), AoeoruFto
llprmeronre
r$QerrueHa. CHnxeHre aQQerrreHocrn rop-
MoxeHrfl,raHocaarot4o6vnl npv ropMoxeHilr
AOnXHbr Ann cpovHotanpoBep-
fiaTb cr4THanoM EcnuropurogHan neAanbcrala <vRTKoi>,
Kt4TO0MO30B. a npil HecKoIbKilx Haxaru-
nooleEoBaTenbHblx
fx cTaHoBr4TCfl(TBepXe)), B fl4ApaBnil-
3HaqilT,
llpegynpelqqeHre vecrni ropl,rorHoinpneognonanBo3Ayx.
.[nn yAaneuun Bo3Ayxa n3 cr4creMbtHeo6xo-
Ar4Mo npoKaearb ropMo3a. Ilpoqe4ypa npo{aq-
Kr4TOpMO3OB AOBOIbHO npocrafl,Ho yAooHee
npoBoAr4Tbeec noMollH14KoM.
llogpo6Hoe onilcaHilenpoKaqKr ropuorHoi
cilcreMbreutHafrAere a par4.9 (TopMo3HaR cil- Unanr &r,WMHorloycnnutennnSnoroB-
creva>(cr,r.([poKaqKa fl4AponphBoEa ropMo3- neHta oA,lottenaecoapaffib,MKnanaHo&,
Hoircrcreuur>, c. 184). flpoeep*e eFopafiorocnoco6nocrt(cu,
KnpoBepnapafiott eaxwunoroycnntfi*
c 73),B cnryaeHencnPaB-
nn ropuosoBrr,
noctn odpamoro KnanaHazaueHnre
unaHrBatryM,totoycunntenne c6ope.
6reln-
conpoBoxAaercn
Ecnrropl,roxeHile
Perynnpno npoaepnfire ypoBeHb roP'
eM u nyfibcaq[etiropvo:Hoi neAanh,cl]e.qyer
Mosnofr xu4Kocru a 6a,axe rnaBHoro
B nepBylooqepe.qbnpoBepnTbcoctoflHnene-
TopMo3HoroUnnuHApa.Ypoaent rcP-
peAHhxArlcKoBblx TopM03HblxMexaHr3MoB.
nognoi, xuAKocru AonxeH 6urc oxono
metxn <MAXv xa xopnyce6aaxa.
flaAenreypoBHn cBilAererbcrByer
xilAKocrt4
nn6oo6 yrevreropvoruotaxhAKocrilu3cilfie-
nu6o o gpe3MepHoM
tr,rur, l43Hoce ropMo3Hblx
KonoAoK. Ecru na npra6opnovqilTKe3arope.
O Ht43KoM
IldCb IldMfi0; Cl4fHanl,13upylOtJ{afl
ypoBHeropuo:Hoi xl4AKocrt/, rQQerrreHocrr rop-
Heroponurecb 1. flpravrHoi cHilxeHr4fl
ee,BHaqane
cpa3yAonhBarb npoBepbre bHaR
ronqu- MoxeHu F rrroxer 6utru HeyAoBJIerBopt4TeJt
KOIOAOK:MOXeToblTb,
Hy HaKnaAoKTOpMO3HbIX pa6ora aaryyuHoro ycilnilTelln. ,[ns ero :rc-
npruno BpeMfl 3aMeHururolo4rr? npecc-npoBepKil pa3Hane-
HaxMilTeHecKorlbKo
peKoMeHnyorAanb ropMo3anpil HepaooTaoqeMABilrarene,
fl porraogrrenhaetolrto6ilnR 4. YcraHoera nooqe-
HaAoMKpar,
aero[4o6t4ru
X[4AKOCTbB Cl4CreMe qro6utcHnrupa3pexeHileB ycilnnrene,a 3areM,
MeHfTb BCIOTOpMO3HyIO peAHocHt4MilrenepeAHhe il ocMorpilTe
Koneca
54 O opel A5TRA
TopMo3Hbre grcru. TonulruaropMo3Horo AilcKa He nutafirect go6partcn Ao uuHoMoH-
AnaMeTpoM 256 rr,rrr,|
AonxHa6uru He laeHee taxnofi uaoepcxofi Ha nonHocrb,ocny-
21.0ut'rl,AuaMerpoM - 22,0uu,
280 n 308 trltr,t t4eHHOM KOneCe: AOC|aTO.|HO npoexaTb
- 25,0rr,rrr,r.
321urrvr
AuaMerpoM TaK HeCKOnbKO AeCflTKOB MeTpOE, U WUHy
npugerct eu 6pacb,Barb.
llprmelorre
HaaetouodnnnOpelAstrae aaBucuwoc- HyxHoraueHurbnoBpexrqeHHoe Koreco3a-
Tu oT KOMnneKTaqUn ycTaHagnnBaKtt nacHbrM. 3ra ,qoaonuuo npocranonepaLliln reM
TOpMO3Hb'e MeXaHU3Mbt nepe4Hnx KO- Heueueerpe6yerHeKoropbrx HaBbrKoB.
nec c TopMo3Hb,Mu AucKaMn Auarrerpow flpu nporoneKoneca BKnoqure aaapuiHyro
256,280,308 n 321nu. cilrHanr3aLluro, nIaBHo3aTopMo3rTe aBToMo-
6mu 4o cKopocrn 2-3 rult, HanepBoinepe-
floeepxHocru AilcKaAonxHa6urrupoenorZ AaqenofiaparTecb ocropoxHonepeMecruTbcfl
r rnagrofr c o6erxcropoH. EcnnnoeepxHocrullpoeepte noABnxHocrb nopuHf, rop- K Kpa|onpoeaxelaqacril il ocraHoBr4Tbcf KaK
AilcKaMecraMh noKpblra pxaevrHori, qroo6urq- MOSHOTO MeXaHU3Ma TaKXe, KaK?tO Ae- MoxHonpaBee y o6o9rHbr, a ecril Bo3MoxHo,
Ho 6ure-aer nocnenpo.qonxurenuHor7 croRHKt4 nanu Mf, nepeAHeroTopMBa. TO3anpeAenaMh npoe3xet,racril.Ecnilnoreo-
aBToMOOl4JlfC HenpocyueHHblMl,lTOpMo3aMil,
llonegHrri coBer nfl|or AopoxHbre ycnoBilfl 143ToHenpoTr4Bope-
nonpooynre 3aqilcrr4rbpaooeytonoBepxHocrb qr4T Tpe6oBaH[nu flpaaurAopoxHofoABuxe-
MerKhMHax[aqHbtMnolorHoM. Ecnr rra npo- Ctosnoqnnfr ropMo3 npnaogm a 4efia- HVfl,nptA nporoneno6ofoKoreca c npaaora cro-
qeAypa He noMoma, nprEercfl orAarb Al4cKl4 BUe3aAHUeTOpMO3a fpOCaMn,COeAUHf,- poHbraBToMo6vna npvxuuairecu r npaeoi
B UflUQOBKy t4IU3aMeHhTb HOBbtMl4. Kr,4nMn pbr.tar cTof,Ho,tHoro TopMoSa o6o,tt1He, npil npoKone cneBa- r reeota.Cra-
u MexaHu3MbtynpaaneHuf,fopMoSHHMn oaiTecbHeocraHaBrrBaru aerovo6r4rb B Mec-
KonoAKaMn.Muorue eognrenu oapaKrr- Tax,fEelqopora nnoxonpocMaTp[BaeTcn: BKpy-
cf, KaKMOXHOpexe nOnb3OBaTbCg CTOfl- TbrxnoBopoTax, HacnycKax u noAbeMax, Moc-
Ho.rHb,M fopMo3ou, vro6u npownrb ero Tax, B ToHHerRx. Ecrr,raerovo6hru ocrarcfl
(xn3Hbn, u Aoduaaptcn npornBono- Hanpoerxei qafiil, B nepBylo ovepe4uo6ec-
noxHoro p$ynbrara, Esu stt He norrb- ne,{ure co6creeHHyo 6e3onacHocrb u 6eronac-
Syefecb cTof,Ho,lHbtM ToprttoSoM,e o60- HOCrb .qpy[4xyqacrHrlKoB AopoxHofoABnxe-
noqKax TpocoB sacTanBaKrTcl rp93b Hrn!Brnto,rure aeapuiHyro crrHanil3aqup il yc-
t/t Bnara, rpocrt o6paoanr pxaetunofi, TaHOBilTe 3HaK aBaOhliHOi OCraHOeril.
neperrarctr nepeuer4arbcnu odpuearcr-
cn. floerony nonrcyfrrect crof,HovHbw
TopwogoM,Kor4a?ToHeo6xoguuo, noxe
saduaartte BpeMf, or BpeMeHnperynn- llpe4ynpex.qeHre
5. ['lpoeepurenoABr4xHocrb nopuHRropMo3- poaarb ero npuBoA (cu, rPsry11sOo"*"
Horo MexaHu3Ma. .[nn troro cHl4MureropMo3- npuBoAacrosHo,rHororopnoza4 c. 197), Sygwe BHuMarenbHbrnpu 3aueHenpo-
HbreKono.qKh (cu. <3aueHaropMo3Hbtx KonoAoK Konororo Koneca.Bosuoxuo, ero npoKo-
TOpMO3HbIX MeXaHT3MOB nepeEHUXKOneC), NPOKO.|I KO'TEGA nonu snoyMb,wneHHnKu,utodtt yxpaot
c.192) n nonpo6yrarec4Bt4Hyrbc Mecra nop- 4eHHbreBet4u u3 canoHa aBToModunf,
ueHb pa3ABr4xHbtMr naccarrxaur. Ecnn nop- flporor Koreca- 3ToHenphrrHocrb, c Koro- B To Bpeur, KorAa Bbl,6*nu sansru ero
ueHb HeyAaeTcfclBr4Hyrb,3HaqhT, efo 3aKnil- porapaHonnil no3AHo cTarKhBaeTcf raxAurra aaueuort.
Hr4roB ropMo3HoM tlilnhHApe. BoAilTerb. Bo:gyxur npoKonororo KorecaMo-
xer BbrxoAr4Tb 6urcrporlln MeAneHHo, 3To3a-
llpegynpe)KrqeHle Bvtcvr vior pa3Mepa nperqMera, xoropurinporo-
3axnnnnaanue nopuHr ropMosHoroun- Jlo'| KOIeCO,t4 OTTOTO,KaKile UJrHbtyCraHOBne-
nuHApa npugoAur K nocrof,HHoMynpu- HbrHa aBToMo6nnu: rauepHurerlr 6ecrauep-
TOpMaXUBaHnp COOTBeTCTByK\UeTO KO- Hure.C ue6orur.unu rBo3AeMe 6ecraMepHoi
neca npu ornyt4ennofi ne4anu u saHocy lurHe MoxHo e3AilTbMHoro4xei, npexge veu
aetouo6unn npn ropMoxeHuu. Bbr3aMeTuTe, qToKoreco(cnycrilno).
OqeHueaxHo BoBpeMR onpeAeflnrb,qro npo-
Ecrr ropuoxeHreconpoBo4aercfl pbtBKaMhh3oueflnpoKorKoneca.Bo epeun4euxeHilR06-
aetovo6urR 14cKpunoMe parToHe3aAHrx Konec, paqatareBHnMaHile Ha noBeAeHileaBToMo6hnr:
a nphuHTeHcilBHoM
TopMoxeHililnporcxo.quT3a- ecru oH cran nfloxo pa3ToHffTbcfl,
yBenilqhnocb
Hoc:a4Heiqacruagtovo6r4nn,npoBepbrecocro- ychnue Ha pyneBoMKonecenpil MaHeBpHpoBa-
flHneTopMo3Hbtx
MexaHn3MoB 3a[HilxKoIec. HVA vnv yxyArxilnacb KypcoBanycroivraocru,
oof3aTejrbHonpoBepbTe AaBneHileB Konecax. 1.Orrporare6araxsnrc(e Hev Haxo,qilrcff
Bce
llpnrneroxne Cauurrl npocroi cnoco6 orpeMoHrrpoBarb Heo6xogr,rruoe AnR3aMeHbr roneca)A cHtAMATe
Koneco- o6parurucne 6lnxarauyo ul4HoMoH- KoBpr4K nona6araxHrra(unmnpunoAHl4Mhre
TaxHyroMacrepcKyro, ,{acrb).
r4e peMoHrcAenapr 6urc- ero3aEHloto
rpo, npoQeccroHaflbHo14, KaK npaBrno.
no BnonHeAocrynHoi qene.

llpegynpex(f,eHre

llpoeepare ton4uHy AncKa raK xe, KaK


tro Apnanu Mf, nepeArero ropuoza (cu,
n. 4), ronquxa ropMosHoro,qucKaAonx-
ua 6ut xe uenee8,0 uu,
2.Oraepurre...
I
j
HE]|CnPABrrOCtnB nvT]| a) 5 5
8. C nououluro
AoMKpara cnerKanpunogHl4-
vhre aeroMo6r4rb,Horar, .lro6stKoreco,Tpe-
6yroqee3aMeHbr. He orpbrBarocb or Eoporil.
SannogHurtr,t
KJltoHoMocra6ure ngru 60nroa
Koreca.
KoenfleHflf
Jloneguue coBerbl
fl,nn toro qto6w nerqe 6uno oreepnynt
KonecHbre6ontu, MoxHo Bocnonb3o-
BarbcnHe pyKanu, a xorofi, Hacrynag
cBepry HapyKof,n<y6announoro KnKrqa.
Aan o6neraenun euaopaluaanun 6on- 11.Onycrr,rre aarolro6unur oKoHqarerbHo
roB peKoMeHAyeMnpnodpeou cne4u- 3arflHilTe6orrur.3arRrreafrre ronecHrte6onrul
3. ...r cHrvrreQrrcarop3anacHoro
Koneca. antnatfi 6annonuufi KnKr.tc renecKonu- '{epe3oAt4H no oKpyxHocril. Bor:6exanneno-

I
,tecxofi pyxonrxofi. YAodno pafiorat BpexgeHrn AilcKaKofiecaHenbtraiTecb ((Aorfl-
u 6annonnuu KnKr,toMxpeooo6paznofi Hyru>6onrutKpenneHilf, Koreca,Hax!4Mafl Ho-
roi na pyronxymova.
Qoputr.
llonegxue coBetbl
flnn rcro uto6u notyaoaoeatt neo6xo-
A,uMoeycuflne itirrsxlu 6ontoa Kpenne-
Hur Koneca,nepBoe epeun npnuennfrre
AnHaMoMerpuqecxufixnor (uonexr sa-
rnxxu 110H.u).
He cmasueaitrepesa6oeyrc qarrit donroe
KpenneHuf,- ?ToMoxeT nPuBeou K ca-
MoorBopaquBaHuK,dontoa Bo BpeMf,
4. Burnure
3anacHoe Kofleco'r3 6araxnura ABuxeHuf, astouo6nns. fl,onycxaercn
14nonoxhTeero pRAoM
c 3aMeHfeMbrM KoflecoM. cwa3arb roHKuM gtoeu xoucnoentnofr
cMaSKU KOHyCHyK' qaffb 6OnrOB.
9. flo,quuuure
AoMKpaToM asroMo6uru rar,
,tTo6brKonecooropBaflocb nocregero
or Aopofr4, 12.YcraHoeilre KonnaK.
AeroparuaFtuli
nonHocrbo BbrBepHilTe Koreco.
6omurn cHilMilTe
llpegynpexf,eHrre
Crapafirca, qro6at asrouo6unr xax
MOXHOMeHbWeBpeMeHn HaXOAUnCf,
B BbBeUeHHOM COC|Of,HUUCO CHf,TbtM
KonecoM.
flpunog,nnuaitre aatono6nnt AoMKpa-
roM TonbKo Ha Bbtcory, neo6xoguuyrc
Mf, CHsrnf, u ycTaHoBKn Koneca.
Ecnu pa6oraere Ha MnrKoM rpyHre, 13.nepegreM KaKnpoAonxnrbABtaxeHile,
5. CHuvrregeroparuaHuriKoflnaK,
npeoAo- nouroxnTe no4 ocHoBaHne AoMKpaTa o6RsareruFro Bo3.qyxa
npoBepbreAaBneHtae
neBarycxnileeroQurcnpyoqei npyxttHut. ToncryK, AocKy. He npuuennfrre Ann ycraHoBneHHoro
B rlrnHe n npnHeo6xo-
Koneca
6. Butovilre nepByro
nepe.qaqy
r cronHoq- gtofr 4enn Kupnu.tu - oHn nerKo pac- AUMOCTh eroAo HopMbl.
AoBeAUTe
HurrZ ropvor. YcraHoanreAoMKparnog aBTo- KanuBaprcn, u aatouo6unb MoxGT
vo6nnu pnAoMc KoflecoM,KoropoeHyxHo llonesHrre coBerbl
copBaTbcfl c AoMKPaTa,ff,xeno TPaB-
3aMeHrrb (cv. <lzlcnolu3oBaHile
AoMKpara), MUqOBaB BaC, Haaarouo6nntyoaxoanenu&cxaueryue
c. 37). wunu, Eun y BireHe4ocrrafutuo
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npoBoAr4rbcF B npocTopHoM, xopoulo BeHT[It - Haxo,qurbcn
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paBHoMepHo, qepeB Kax4bre 10 000 KM HH


npo6era nepecraBnniTe Koneca B coor-
BeTCTBnnCOCXeMOiHa pUC.4.1. " {
Kpoure roro, .tepe3 Kilt(Aue 20 000 xru eE-
npo6era aanaucupyire Koneca u npoBe- "I1r:*-,-:*a-
pnnTe yrnil ycraHoBKt4nepeqHux Konec.
,Qnnororo o6part4Tecb B cneqnanu3npo- 1. Orupoi,rre
Kpbrr-rrKy
r,roKaHaf14BHora
rpy6ur
BaHHytoMacrepcKyp. iOnf /BlrO O 6o.d L 4 J B , l e r t i l Q L 4 3! e p r d l e J F

Pasuepurux Ilepegxre xoneca Sagxue xoneca Maropaauepuoe 3anacHoeKoreco


A0 rpex 9e,|oBeK noflHa9 AU I PEA AC'IU norHac T1 15t70 R16
B CaIOHe Harpy3Ka B CanoHe Harpy3Ka
185/65R15 250 210 290
195/60R15 200 210 200 250
195/65R15 200 210 200 250
205/55Rl6 200 210 280 310 420
205/s0Rl7' 240 250 240 290
215145R17 270 250 230 280
225145R17 230 200 210 250
225140R1B 250 230 260 300

lrrr] ABftxeHilt la cropocrr go 160 rruli.t


ufrHax, peKo[iefrAvetloe
,[aslerlte s xc,rol]Hbrx
r f c n y a K a e l ai rl a f o f b l o B a H r l reo l b K o I K a q e a T Bl feN t f i l x u r f .
TEXHIITIECKOE OEC'IY)KIIBAHIIE O 59
Haee nerne KJ'lroq
AnF orBopagilBaHilF
Kornaq- Ilpuane,roxne Mecra pacnonoKeHntt uHAuKaropoB no-
KOB BEHTilNCi KONEC. tue.reHbrna doxoanue wnHbt rpeyronb-
HnKoM nnw 6yxaaun <<TWlt.

2. OreepHrreKornaLtoK
or BeHTulfl Tax eatrnsAur aat4ntnati Konna.toK peroparu
10.CHr,rvrre aHutta
KortnaK.
c KnpqoM Anfl 3aTgil<Kn3onorHuKa.

flpe,qynpex(AeHHe
ng 3onorHnKoB
Ec.tws6exa n ne,zarpfl 3HeH
rie tKcnnyarnpynre aaronto6una 6es ga-
LiJr4r4axKcflnaqr,aB. Ecnn xonnaqxu 6t,t-
nLt yrept Hbt, o6ssarenaxo yardHoll4Te
HOAbie.

7. Aln roro vro6urnpoeephrbTepMerilLrHocrb


3OIOTHilKa, HaMOLrrlTe
OTBepCT/e BeHT/Jlfl
.
qero Bo3-
Ecrh nose!,ul,1cbny3brpbKr4BbrxoAr
Eyxa, 3aMeHl/lTe 3ofloTH14K, BbrBepHyBHer'1c-
3. l-lpoaepure Bo3Ayxa
4aBreHrle a urHe. lrn noaeHu[4 c noMou]btoKornaqKa c KIloqoM. 11....r,r npoaepure 6orroarpeuerltn
3arflxKy
:roro c6pocurenoKa3aHilfl
MaHoN/erpaHaHorb, Konec. MoMeHT 6olroa rpeueHtlflKo-
3ar8xKl,1
HaxaBHacneLl/anbHyro HaKopnyceN/a-
KHofrKy r e c a ' l ' 1H0' u r .
HOMerpa,noAcoeAhHilTeMaHoN4eTpK BeHT/rro
il HAXMilTE HA 3O'IOTH[4KHAKOHCqHilKOM MAHO.
llporeplra ypoBnf, 1r llonxBKa
MeTpa. I

Baunorpe6yorcn: Macro,BopoH-
MoropHoe
K a ,t h c r a 9 T p f l n K a .

flpuane.roxne
3aeog-usroraBurenbpeKoMeHAyer npuMe-
HflrbMacnoypoBHflKaqecrBaGM-LL-A-025,
APISJ/51unn ASEA A2/ 82,KflaccaBffiKoc-
ocraroHHyto ru SAE0W-30,SAE0W-40,5AE
8. ly':vepureuJTaHreHqilpKyneM 5W-30,SAE
rty6uuynporeKropa. Ecrr my6raranporeKTopa 5W-40,SAElAW-30,SAE10W-40(a zaan'
1,6uv nnv,N/eHbule,
3aNIeHl,tTe
L!ilHy. cnMocru or KnnMaruqecxnxycnoeui ).
llpegynpe)KgeHHs
rpe6yeruoro,nog-
4. EcnilEaereFrileMeHbLl.ie llepegnpoaepxouypoannMacnanoarcno-
coeAilHhTe HaKoHeqHrlKUrIaHraHacocaK BeH- sAKn 3arnywuTeABhraTeIIb h noAoKAure
Tr4rror noAKagarareao:pyx, KoHrponilpynAaB- 5-10unn, noKaMacfloHeconbercq BKaprep.
IEHhC NO MAHOMETDV. Bt3Ko-
,Qonnaafrreuacno roi xe MapKLt,
5. Ecrr,r
AaareHhe6oruuerpe6yeMoro,
Ha- cTnn KnaccaKa.lecTBa,KaKk v ncnonb3o-
BbrcTynoM
AaBilrecneq/arbHbrM MaHoMeTpa BaHHOTOpaHee.
HAHAKOHELIHI4K 3O'IOTHilKAU BbINYCTilTE
BO3AYX Ypoaeut Macna B Kaprepe p,Buiaren*
143ul4Hbr.3al,lepureMaHoMerpoN,r AaBneHre. He Aon)t<eH npeBilwarb MerKy (MAX,,
floeropnn iril onepauhil, AoBeAhreAaBneHue uHaqe Bo3MoxHH Teqt, .lep$ ilpoKnaEKn
AOHOpMbr. u canbHuKu, noaatwenuati pac/oA A4a(lte,
llpoaepnire ypoBeHb, ycrailftErlB sPTo"^
9. Ecrr nog pyrota Her uJTaHteHqupKynn, u o 6 n n u u a p o s H e i iL1i1t/t3c:;T31rici
ro my6r,rHynporeKTopaMoxHo npoBepl4r6BVt- nnotuag,i(e.
3yanbHono rHAilKaTopaM uJrHbrB Bille
|/|3Hoca
nonepelHblx
cnl|oulHbrx no'IocHanpoleKTope.

l'lpnrne.loure

I b. tcrr4 Bbt3aMeTrjtil,9ToAaBtreH/eBo3Ayxa
i B rxr,lHaxnocToFHHo naAaeT,nonpo6ytarenory-
I xe 3aBepHyrb3onoTH14K c noMou.lbro
KoInaqKa roploarlut pacno-
Ipo6ra MacroHar!4BHota
c KItor.toN,|. noxeHaHaKpbrr!Ke 6nora qnlrtgpoe.
[oroBKr,4
6() O opel AsrRA
Yra:arelu (rLlyn)ypoeFrnMacnapacnonoxeH tl cHl.4Mt4Te
ee
e reaol/ ,racrta
6rora u/n14HApoB
nepeATepN/o-
]KpaHoN/ BblnycKHoroKonneKropa.

6a,roryctaHoBreH
Paculr,rpurerururra B noA-
6. 3arerareMacroBABTrrarerb,
KoHrporrpyn KanoTHor\,4
npocrpaHcTBe
c reeora
cTopoHbr,
c noMou.lbroyKa3arern
eroypoaeHb.Iepe4revr
L B u u s r ye< a : a r e n( u t y n ) . . yKa3arenb,
KaKBblHr,,r\,larb no[o4hre 2-3 vua,
vro6ur paruN/acny
creqbBKaprep.
7. Iocre roToKaKypoBeHbMacraEocrrrHer
rpe6yevoro, 3aBepH/Te
npo6ryroproB14Hbr.

llpoeepxa ypoBHfl H nornBr<a


oxnax4aroulefr rxnnrocru
Bav norpe6yrorcn:
oxraxAaoulafl
xr4AKocrb,
BOpOHKa
9 ,/ C r a f lT p F n K a .

flpmnaeuoxur
3asog-naroroBr4TenbpeKoMeHAyernph- 1.VpoaeruoxraxgaouleraxrAKocr,lnpr xo-
MeHnrb oxnaxqa,oulyn xnnxocrt (au- loAHorv!Bnrarete lorxeH bbrrbHeMHOto Bbr-
2 . . . . n p o r p u r qe t a c r o rpFnKo14
ra l/] cHoBa TnQpw) Ha ocHoBetrnneHrnr4Konfl. uKALT/COLD>.
Lre[,4erKr] rauecerrotTr
HacTeH-
BCTABbTCHA N,4CCTO. He cruewnaailTe )KuqKocrn pasHoro UBe- KypacL!14pilTenbHoro
oa9Ka.
Ta n pa3Hbtx npon3BoAilTenei. Ecnh aau
neo6xoguuo Aannrb oxnalKqarcqyn
x(kplKocTb,Ho BbtHe 3HaeTeMapKy 3ann-
rofr e cwcreuy )Kt4AKocrn,3aMeHnre Bcto
)t<tlAKOCTbB Ct4CTeMe
OXnaX<EeHng.
flpnueunnre npoAyKun,o ronbKo npoBe-
peHHbtx naroroeurenei. llotvtnute,
e'e
Lrta npnMeHeHue Hh3KoKaqecrsennot;l
oxfiax^an4en xnAKocTn npnBoAnT
3. lloaroproBbrHbre yKa3arenb (ufyn).Ypo- K AoporocroeqeMy peMoHry penrarenn!
BeHbMacrflHora nleHrr lonxeH HaxoAfllbcF tlepe,anauanou pa5oru ycraHoBt4reaB-
MexAyBepxHera n urxreraMerKaM/. Ecrr,r ypo- rouo6nna Ha poBHyto ropt4so+ranbHy,o
BeHbMacnanpu6rrxaercRr rrxHelr vexe noBepxHocTb.
Huxeee,goneireHaaclo.
t+fil+ 2.Irn Aorrartaxl,tgKocrur npo6ry
orBepHilre
flpegynpe)Krq,eHr,rc oaclx14D/TerbHoro
6aqra,..
llpoaepnwre ypoBeHbox,nax(Eanqei xng-
KOCTVTTOnbKO tn XOnOA,HOM AB!4raTene.
Oxnaxgarcqan )KnAKocrb roKcugHa, irc-
aroMJ/ npn pa6ore c nen co6nrcgaire
Mep bt np e4o cTop 01<HocT14.
He Hanuaailte x<n4Kocrbp 6aqax uauuo-
ro Bbtureuerxn rKALT/CALDry, nocxona-
Ky nph paSore genrarerrs ee c6aeu yee-
nn9uTcfl.
flpu nycxe fiBr4rarenfi npoSxa pacruhpu-
TenbHoro 6auxa ganxna 6ant rinorHo
3AKpbtTa.
4. lrn golreKu N,4acra
noBepHhrenpo6ry
N,,laCrOHarhBHOrA
rOpnOAnUUrnpOrra ,lacoeoh llonegxue coBerbr 3. ...u DonenreoxnaxAaolqyo xflgKocrb
cTpetKr4... go rpe6yevoroypoBHfl.
IToctosuno cne4nre ga ypoBHeM oxnax-
Aapqefi xuAKocrn, Ero pesxoe cHnxe-
HUe UnU yBennqeHue EoDKHo cTaTb
cnrHanoM Ans HeMeqflennoir npoeepxn
cncTeMH oxn ax4eH uf EBnraTen f,,
Ecnu ceexesanurcfi anruQpw Bqpyr Heo-
xnEaHHo 6ttctpo u3MeHnn uBer Ha Kopu.t-
Hea*i, 3Haqnr, BaM npoAann norypnKy,
B Koropy,o usa6unuv Eo6aauh nuru6nro-
pb, Koppnnn. Kax uoxno 6ucrpee saue-
HnTexu4KocTb, noKa oHa He ycnena pa3b-
ecTbcucTeMyoxn ilKAeH u n.
TEXHNqECKOE OECNY)KIIBAH]IE O 6I
npo6rypacurapilrenuHoro
4. 3aeepHure 6aqra. flonaAanue ropuosnoh )Ku4Kocru 4. 3aeepHurenpo6ry6avra,nporrryoxug-
Ha flpoBoAa, nnacfMaccoBbreunu oKpa- Kocrb .lrcrorZ
BbrroilTe rpnnrot4.
llpeAynpexf,eHrre ueHHbreAeTanuKysoBaMoxer BbBBaTb
llpodxy pacwnpurenbHoro 6aqxa saeo- nx noBpex4eHue, no?ToMynpu 3annBKe
llposepxa ypoBnn x f,,ornBKa I
pauuaafrrc nnorHo. llpu pa6otanqeu Bcer4anoAxnaAuaartTe,rucruerprnKn, paSo{ei rKrlKocrr s 6aqor
flpu nonaganuu xuAKocru Hatrn Aeranu I
Aaurarene pacuupurenbnui 6a,aox na- rneKrpofxlpoycxtrxrern
xoAnTcf, noA AaaneHueM, notToMy cpa3yxe nporpnre ux quqofi rpanxofi. I
n3-noA cna6o zaeepnyrou npo6xu uo-
xeT noTeqb oxnaxAa,ot4af, xnAKocTb Bav norpe6yorcfl:xr4AKoclbAnfl fl4Apoyctl-
nu6o npodxy Moxer copBarb. nfiTenf pyneBoroynpaBneHilfl,eilcrafl TpflnKa,
BOpOHKa.

llporepra ypoEnf, x fiorxBKa llpnmeroxne


ropnogHoi nrn1xocrn r 5a.ror B 6aqox sneKrpornApoycunureneAonu-
rxIponprrBof,oB ToprosHon eafire xuAxocrb, peKoMeHAoBaHHyp
3a-
Gf,Cf,etDt l| EblKrrol|enrn BoAoM-nsroroBureneM(mapxy xuAKoc'
Gqennenrtrr rn MoxHo ysHaray gunepa Opel),
cR: TOpMO3HafXHAKOCTb,1il4-
cranrpgnKa.
flonegnue coBerbr '1. ypoBeHb
llpoaepure ropvo:uolaxilAKocrh
Tnn ropuosxoh xu4xoou - DOT-4. Mex4yMerKaMil
e 6a.rre.OHAonxeHHaxo4r4Tbcfl
Pexoueugyeu npoaepf,TbypoBeHb ne- <MlNru (MAX),HaHeceHHbrMr4
Haropnyc 6avra.
peqKax,+brr Bb,,esAoM u npn neo6xo4n-
MocruAonuBarbxuAKocrb B 6aqox, Ecnu
AonuBarb ropMosHyK,xuAxoctt e 6aqox
npuxoAurcf, AoBonbHo uacro, uafi4ure
(c*t. <llpoeepra repMeruqHocru ruApo-
npuBo4a rcpuosxofi cucreusu>, c. 71)
u ycrpaHure HeucnpaBHofrb(cu. pazg.
SavorycrauoaneH qacrilMoropHoro
e raAHetZ
9 <<Topuosnan cttcteMarr,c, 182).
flpn nuexe rcpuoenofi xngKocru B cucre- orceKacnpaBaeHn:y(HaQoro re BilAeH, raK
Me3anoMHnTe unn SanuwnTeMapKyxnA- KaK3aKpbrr anycrHoirpy6otlu .qpoccenbHbtM
Koctn, Koropan 6yger 3anura, wo6u npn v:rola)...
AOnuBKe UCnOnBOBarbry xe MapKy,
2. Ecnn ypoBeHb xt4AKocl4 Hilxe MerKr
(MlN), orBepHhre ee.
npo6ry 6a,.trail cHt4Mrre

llpe4ynpe)KAeHre
Iloctenennoe noHuxeHne ypoBHf, rop-
uosnofi xuAKoou npu oroficrBun yre-
,teKyKa3brBaer,
cKopeeBcero,na neo6xo-
AnMOCTb 3aMeHH TOqMOSHb'X KOnOAOK.
flpoaepwe cocrosHue ropMo3HbtxKono-
gox (cu. KnpoBepKacreneHnu3Hocarop-
Mo3HbtxKonoAoKu AucKoaD,c.72). He-
cBoeBpeMeHHaf, 3aMeHaKonoAoKnPnBo-
...HaKopnyce 3neKrpoHacocaycruhTenFpy-
Anr KAoporocrof,rueMypeMonry pauena
bayoKycTaHoBreH Ha TraBHoM
llilnilHApe ro pMo3HbtxAucxoa, cynn oproe)! neBoro ynpaBreHnn, BcBolo
roroputtZ, oyepeAb,
TopMo3a MoropHoro
c reeoi cropoHbr orceKa 3aKpenneH a rpoHuretaHeHa nepeAHeM noA-
y rl]r4ranepeAKa. paMHrKe (Mfl HarnnAHocil,l
cHrr Bo3.qyxonoA-
eognulnrapyKaB y:ra).
Apoccenunoro
llpeAynpe)KrqeHHe
CodnpAafirc Mepu npeAocropoxHocru
npu pa6orc c ropurosttofi xnAKocrbto:
oHa ToKcnttHa,
Jlonernue coBerbr
Ann roro wo6* e 6y4yqeu ne no4aepr-
nyrc ce6n HenpeABuAeHHbrM pacxoAaM
no peMoHry rop*tozxoil cucreMu,
a ro u Bceroaetouo6unn a 4enoM, cBoe-
3. florerareropMo3Hylo Ao MerKil
xr4AKocrb
(MAX).
BpervreHHosaueHsfite ropMo3Hyp xuq-
xoot csexefr. Ona ouent rnrpocKonuqHa rpyuuttt qyn
B npo6re 6avra ycraHoereH
n nornot4aeTBnary rc Bo34yxa,qTo,no-
c AByMfl KOnbqeBblMvlMeTKaMil.
MuMo norBneHnf, Kopposuu geranefi
rcpmosnoil ctlcreubr, noHnxaer reune- llprmeuoxr,te
parypy KuneHnscamoi xuAxocrli, a ?ro
Moxer npuBequ K orKasy TopMo3oBnPu B saeucutilocru ot Qupnu - n3roroBn-
qacTbtxuHTeHcuBHbrx ToDMoxeHuf,x. Tenf, Hacocat4yna B npo6xe 6a,axauo-
He ucnonnyfire cnuryn n3 cucreMbt xeT u He6Hr4 xo e sroM aryqae Ha Kop'
xu4Kocrb noBTopHo: oHa SarpssHeHa, nyc 6auxa HaHeceHHMerKu c(MAXD
Haobrt4eHa eOZgyXOtlU AnarOi. u ttMlNt>,
62 OopEL ASTRA
Ha xoro4rov AB/rarereypoBeHb
pa6overa Ilpegynpe)KAeHl,re 3. 3acopeHuutri
xilKnep oMbtBarenfl npoLil4c-
xr4AKOCTr4 AOnXeH HaXOAt4TbCfMeXIy lTt4t\4h rilre Ueel4HOlavrnOt't t'tnV'TOHKTIMOCTp/eM
NileTKa
Mf . 3aeop-wsrorothrenb He peKoMeH,4yer KHonKh. ErolaoxHoorperynilpoBarb il HanpaB-
ucnonb3oBaHneo6Hquon Bo4bt Mn 3a- neHilecTpyt4oN/|utaaoqett Xl4AKoCrl,'1.
llprmeroxne nofl HeHus 6aqxa o uH aatens.
Ypoeeuapa6ouehxu4xocrn eneKrporuq- 3aueplauue )Kup,Kocrns 6a,axe oMutsa- flpe4ynpe)KgeHHe
poycnnnrenn pyneBoroynpaBneHuflnpo- rent, npnBeAer K ero pa3pyweHn,o.
flnn npouncrxnn perynnpoBKr4 )KnKnepa
aepaire npn nepa6oraaqeu EBurarene. npntuennire ronbKo He3aKaneHHbrc ur-
nH hnh 6ynaexn.O6nounennufi xouqnx
saxaneuuotinrnu y4anr'rrbu3 orBepcrnn
x<n Knepa HeBo3Lto x<He.

[lpoaepurepa6ory Qap, :agHraxQoHapera,


AOnOITHT/TeIbHOTO CTOn-ChrHana, yra:arelera
noBopora r Qorapn ocBeuleHilflHoMepHofo
a M n b t 3 a f , 4 e H n r( e
r H a r a . H e r c n p a B H b rI e cv.
(3aNreHa rarr,tn>. c. 228).
HarheHaRropnoBrHa6aqraovurearenfl
pac- Ha aarovo6tannxnpuMeHror cnegyou1re
1.CHrunrenpo6ry6avra,noBepHyB
eeHa90" noloxeHaB MoTopHoN/
oTceKecleBa... raMnbt.
qacoBota
npoTrlB croelrr... Enor-Qapur:

...ra aepxleranonepeqilHe
paMKrpaAilaropa.

2. ...ecraaure
BeroroploBr'tHy
BopoHKyt4Ao-
reire Heo6xogr4N/oe pa6oveixra4-
KoJlrqecreo
KOCTl/t.

1 - ravnaAanbHero cBera, riln naMnbt H1;


2 - nal,rna nepeAHero ra6apilrHoro cBera, rrn
raranur W5W;
3 - n a v n a 6 l r x H e r o c B e r a r, r n l a M n b l
H 7 ( n p u y c r a H o B KQea p r c e H o H o B o r iol -
n a- D Z S ) ;
4 - rauna nepeAHero yKa3arenr noBopora,
1.lrn nonorHeHrn
oxporirenpo6ry6aqra... Trn JraMnbr H21(npr,r ycraHoBKe QaprceHoHo-
Bororrna - PY21W).
llepegHr,re npol4BoryMaHHure Qapur(ecnra
ycraHoBneHbr): rrn naN/rlbr W55W.
3aAxre Qoxapu:
3.3aeepnrare
npo6ryu Bbtrpilre
noreKr

llponepxa ypoBnf, x f,onlrBKa


rKr|IKOCTl| E 6a{OK OMldBareIs
Bav no-rpe6yrorcfl:
neroM_- KoHLleHTpar
cne-
xr/AKocTt4
uila'|bHot4 .qnFoa'lKaoMbtBaTeIfl,
pa:ae4euHurriqrcroneo4otz;:nvoi - He3a-
r,4ep3a|ou.laR
xl4AKocrb. B HeroxriAKocrugo HnxlerZ
2. ...gorerZre
KporvKr4ropnoBilHbt
r :arporare
npo6ry.
llonegnue coBerbt
Ucnonaayfrre He3auep3a,or4y,oxnA-
KOCTb npOU3BOACfBa rcBeCTHbtX QUqM,
He coAepxaqyp onacnuh gnn 34opoBbr
MeTaHOn.
llpu noeuweHuu reMneparyp* oKpwa-
'l -
Ktr4ero Bo3Ayxa ne pas6aannfite nesa- raurna3aAHero yKa3arern noBopora, Thn
Mep3a,or4y,oxn4KocTb B qeflfx ?KoHo- navnsrPY21W;
u u n. ITouuuo noBbr
ueHuf, TeMneparypbt 2 - r a v n a c B e r a3 a A H e rxoo g a ,T i l nn a M -
3aMepsaHus,y pae6aenennofi xupxoctu nurP21W;
p$Ko yxy4,waprcf, Motot4necaoicraa. 3 - nal,rna3aAHero npol4BoryMaHHoro Qo-
Hape, rr4nlaulnurP21W;
TEXH]|qECKOE OECNY)K]IBAH]IE O 63
4 - lavna cronHorlHoro
ceeraP21W; rarenbHbtx arperaroB - xaparrcpnufi .fun npoeeprnpeMHnnpilBoAara3opacnpe-
5 - launa 3agHero n ra6apur-
cron-curHana cauct (npocxannu eanue penxn). MexaHr3Ma
AenrTenbHoro HaaBToMoohne Bbl-
run naunu P21W;
HorocBera, nonHrTecneAypqheonepaqril.
lnn npoaeprnHarnxeHrnpeMHrnpilBoga
BCnOMOraTerbHbrxaroeraToB
BblnorHhrecfle-
Ayroqee.
roreco (ctr,t.
1. CHrvure npaBoenepe.qHee
<3auesaroneca>,c. 54).

- raMna cron-cilfHana,
AononHhrefibHoTo '1.,[nn

!
TilnraMnbrP5W(6 ur.); o6nerveHilR
AocrynaKpeMHpnprBo4a
bHoroMexaHH3Ma
ra3opacnpe.qenurefl cHnMilTe
aor4yuLHura$murp (cu. <CHRrue
il yoaHoBKa
Bo3AyrrHoro$ranurpa c. 123).
u Bo3AyxoBoAa>,
2. Cauuttrenpaeui 6psnrosurABnrarenfl
(cu. <CHnrreu ycraHoBKa r ra-
6putsroauroe
lu.lr4Tbr gerrarenn>,
Kaprepa c. 89).

- naMna6oroaoroyKa3arern
noBopora,
Tiln
naunuPY5W;

2. CnuvrreneperqHoo npuBoAa
KpbrurKy ra-
3opacnpeAennrenbHoTo MexaHr3Ma (cut.<3a-
MeHapeMHR nphBoAa ra3opacnpe.qenilTerbHo
ToMexaHn3Ma)), c.79).
3. flpoeepure HarflxeHilepeMHr HaxarueM
nanbqa Ha BerBbpeMHnMeXAy ulKilBaMuKo- llprmeroxre
fleHqaroTo Banail BoAflHoroHacoca.flpr Haxa- Ha ocranuttx Aanrarenrx nepeAHKrK,
rvu c yctnuew100H (10rrc) nporr6peuHn Kpb,uKyra3oPacnpeBennfenbHoro
Mexa-
AoflxeH cocraBrflrb 10-15 tr,ttr,t. HugMacHuMaKrraHanorwfio, Pasnuua-
B pacnonoxenuu 6ontoa ee KpenneHus
- raMnbr ocBeqeHurHoMepHoro
QoHaper,r
llprrne.roxne (cu. r3anena peuHs npuBoAa rasopac-
Tilnraunu W5W.
3HaKa, fl,nn npoaepxn HarnxeHun MoxHo uc- npe4enurenbHoroMexaHusuar, c. 79).
nonb3oBarb eecu-6esuen, orrgrnBal
nx KpKtt,KoMBeTBbpeuHf,. 3. OqeHrrecoctonHue peMHF nprBo4afa3o-
NEPBOE TEXH]ITIECKOE pacnpe.qenilTenbHoroMexaHh3Ma.3aveHure
oEctrylr(lrBAHrrE (To- { I llourauo 3rofo npaBnnuHo uarnHyrutipe- peMeHb, euro6Hapyxure:
ecflHnpil ocMo]p_e
- cneAbr peMHfl;
MeHbAOflXeH npoBopaquBarbcg BAoIboct4 Macna Ha'noooilnoBepxHocr[
xa 90'or ycnnilflnarbqeB
15-20H (1,5-2rrc).
AeranrB nopnAKe,
4. VcraHosilre o6parHora
CHfTtllO.
PeueHunpuBoAa BcnoMorarenbHbrx arpefa- llpoaepure cocrorHhe peMHflBHeuHhMoc-
roaHerpe6yerperynhpoBKr HarrxeHnrBTeqe- MorpoM.Ecru xa penHeo6HapyxeHbr npr43HaKil
HileBcerocBoefocpoKacnyx6ut,TaKKaKB ero cr4rbHoron3Hoca(ilcqe3HoBeHile.qByx hnil oo-
npeAycMorpeH
KoHcrpyKr-lhr4 aerovatilvecrhi nee coceAHrxpe6eppyvueaHayvacrre4rrHoti
HarflxilTenb.Ecnilug-ra qpe3MepHoro il3Hoca 6onee 13 uv), npoEonuHbreilnr4 nonepeqHbte
- cneAbr rpe-
urHocary6varoinoaepxHocrr,
rlIrupacrflXeHnflpeMHflHaTFXrTeflbHeBcocTo- TpeqilHbt,orcnoeHuepe3uHbll4JlupeMeHb3a-
RHilro6ecne.turb ero HoDMaflbHoe HarRXeHueMacneH,ero Heo6xoAttMo3aMeHrrb(cu. <3a- r{r4Hbr, noApe3bl,
cKna,qKil TKaHI
h oTclloeHhe
(purvarHarnxnrefiR Aouer Ao ynopaHaKopny- MeHapeMHflnprBoAa BcnoMofarerbHblx arpe- oTpe3rHbr;
ce),a rarxe no perflaMeHry rexHhqecroro o6- raroell, c. 78).
cryxilBaHilfpeMeHb 3aMeHRor (ctr,t.
<3aueua
peMHfl npilBoAaBcnoMoTaTenbHblx arpefaroB),
c.78). npoeepKa peMHrnpuBoAa
HarflxeHfifl
BCnOMOraTenbHbrx afperaToBnoKa3aHa Hanph-
MepeAB[Tarern Z 16XER.Y ooanuHurx,qeilra-
relei HarnxeHHe npoBepf,or
aHaron4trHo. FlpoaeprapeMHrnptaBo,qa fa3opacnpegenil-
TenbHoToMexaHil3Ma noKa3aHaHa nphMepe
llprmeroxre ABilTarerrZ 16 XER.Ha ocranuuutxABflrarerrx
- rpequHbr, cKnaAKh,yrny6neHununr4Bbr-

Aononnutentnurt npnenaxneo6xoAu- ee npoBoARTaHarorrqHo, pa3Hilqa cocTot4r nyKnocrilHaHapyxHotanoBepxHocrilpeMHfl;


- pa3noxMaqnBaHVevru paccnoeHile
Harop-
MOC|USaMeHb' PeMHf, npnBo,4a BCnOMO- B noAroToBuTenbHbrx onepaqvflx Anfl nonyqe-
Hr4fAOOynaK peMHo. qoBbrxnoBepxHocrflX
peMHfl.
64 O oPEL ASTRA
flpeAynpe)KgeHHe nurb HoBoeMacno4o rpe6yeMoro ypoBHe
(go aepxnei MerKu Ha qyne).
Peuent co cne4aMn MoropHoro Macna
na np6on ero noBepxHocrn Ha.qoo6nsa- fl!pqldytp**.r\***e
TenbHo3aMeHhrb, TaKKaK macno 6atcrpo
- .,. -
lle cnnsarlre orpaSarauuoe MetLrio
pa3pywaer pesuny. flpnunuy nonaqaHns
Ha 3eit|nK).
Macna Ha peMeHb (o6ttuuo BcneAcrBr4e
HapyweHufl repMeTnqHocTn canbHnKaB
KoneHqaToro n pacnpeAennTenbHux Ba"
noe) nago ycrpaHnrb HeMeAfieHHo.

6. OraepHnre
Kpbru.rKy
MacrflHoro
Qurnurpa

1. Cruvure3aulilryK a p r e p a , q a r r a r(ecrvs.
( C H f l T / e 1 4y c r a H o B K a6pur:roarroa
143aulltrbl
K a p r e p aA B t 4 f a l e n f l ) ,c 8 e )

4. [lpoaepureHarFXeH!4e pevrn. flpaerluto


HarnHyrstra peN/eHbAorrxeH noBopaq|,1BarbcF
H a9 0 ' o r y c l , t n hnRa n b L l e1e5 - 2 0H ( 1 , 5 - 2r r c ) ,
np/noxeHHoror aegyrLlera serg/ pevHq(nora- 7. ...u cr,ur,ture
ee BN/ecre
c Qnrurpyoqrv
raHa crpenror,r). tlpraHeo6xoAriN/ocTr4 orpery- ]ICN,4CHTON,1.
rtupyureHarexeHile pevrn (cul.<3averapevHR
npl4BoAata3opacnpeAett4TerbHoTo MexaHrl3- fil]firiAe'q&HYte
N , 4 a )C
. . /9 ).
fl:Iacnnsui $unarp ycraHoBrieH Ha fie-
5. YcraHoeLare
lerar/ B nopflAKe,
o6paruov peguefi qacru Snaxa Unltn+,tlpal A*ura-
CHflTI,4IO.
renn e pa',tone 4-ro unnnri,qpa.

3amexa lnacrra B 4Bxrarerre :


r-lv|acnflHor-o snnrrpa 2. OcucrureN,lerarrtagecKora
ulexora,a 3are[.4
rpflnKotnpo6ry cnhBHoro orBepcrhRMaclflHo-
peKoN/eHEaUtar
CoTracHo 3aBoAa-/3roroBr-fo KapTepaABrlraTets.
qe-
TetlFMaCrOB ABrtrarenecneAyeT3aN,4eHflTb
pe31ro[ sKcnryaraUrrilnl 15rbtc.rv npo6era
(g:aar,1c/vocrta
or rofo,qroHacrvntlT paHuue).

llonesxurfi coBer
B rqxen*x ycnoBnex ?Kcnnyaraunu
B KPynHOMropoAeunn cnnbHo3anbneH-
nofi MecrHocrt4 gauensrtte Macno
w Qnnaryyrct4nit zneueur MacneHoro
Qnnwpa.lepe: Kax4bte10 000xu. 8. lz1:srerhre
h3KpbrLxKr,4 ue-
Qrrurpyorllrr,r
veur,npovorTre Kpbr.uKy
6eu:uuovor orroxe-
Bavnorpe6yrorcn: tvoropHoe vacno,orreuuurra Hnralr npocyurre.
Qrr urpyoqnratreN,4eHT
[,1aclfl
HoTo $nl urpa,vrc-
TaflTpffnKa,
eN/Kocrb(ueveHee 5 n) anncnrBae- ,?. O_ r. e- p_ nr u, ,r .r r. o, - , ,nrn_n_6,l .r ir , I r[ , 4 B H O f O O T B e p C T t l f l , iI ir +g ;l n i; el*..rie lr v,e
rvoroN/aoa,Mo,rTORX T45,ropqoean roroBKa npeABaprlTenbHo noAcTaBrBeMKocTbAIlfl cttt -
nHa24r,BOpoToK, uapuupHurra yAfl4Hr1Tenb. B a e M o rM o acla,..

Jloneenue coBerbl
Macno anuBahTenoarc noeg4Kn,noKa
ABnrareflb et4e He ocrbn, Ecnn ,4Bnra-
renb xonoAHufr, nycrure n nporpeire
ero go padouefi reuneparypu.
3annaafire Macno rci )Ke MapKn,
tiro u y Maana,Koropoe6uno a geurare-
ne. Ecnu Bu Bcexe pewnnn 3aMeHnrb
MapKyMacna,npoMofire cucreMycMasKu
npoMb,Bo.tHbtM MacnoMnnn uacnou rofi
MapKn,Koropaf, 6y4er ncnonrcoBarbcfl.
Ans etoro nocneanuBacraporoMacfla3a-
nefirc uoeoeg,oHnxHefrMerKnMacnon3-
MepurenbHoro4yna. llycrnte ABnrarenb 4, ...r clerare
vaclo.
n 4atire euy nopadorara10nnn na xono- 3anotuxute. 6 Ka(oi!4 nonoxexitu 6un
croMxoAy. CnefrreMaao u ronbKonocne flpegynpe)KAeHHe
)lcraHoBileH B KpbtiJtKyQwn*pyto4nn
groro 3aMeHnteQnn*pytot4ni aneuenr 6y,4ureocrcpoxHbr:uacno ropnuee! SneueHT,tx;ou ycranoawtt uoeatk lne-
MactreHoro Qnnwpa. Tenept Moxere 3a- AneHT TaKMmxe o6pasom.
5 . 3 a a e p r r rnep o 6 r y .
TEXH}IqECKOE OEC'IYX(IIBAHI'IE O 65
'12.
Oraeprrare
npo6ryvacrouaruaHorZ
rop- 1.OroxvnreoraepxounpyxrzrHHurr,r
Qrarca-
roBrlHbr. TooHaKoHeqH/Ka
ulraHTa
cr4cTeN/br...

9. lo4ea oreeprror

13. 3aner,rre qilcroe Moropuoel,racro(cv. KpbrLx-


2. ...v,orcoegv,Hrre[!raHt or uJryl.{epa
(|]poBepKa ypoBHfl t/ rorrBKaN4acra
BcrlcreMy Kf1rol'roBKr46rora urrt,tHApoe.
c H , t a : r nc>. 5. 9 ) .

10. ...cutzttr,tnre pe3rlHoBoe


c KpbrrxKLl ynnol-
HilTerbHoe Konbuo

llprrr,revoxnn

14. VcraHoailreHa Mecronpo6ry N/acroHa- 3. AHarornHHo aropotararo-


orcoeArlHrlTe
rneFioi rooJloB14Hbt. HeqH,4 bHoroy3na
KrxraHra oTurTyqepa,qpoccen
15. llyclare ABrrarenb r,rAarZreevy nopa6o- f1cHTtM/Te UrraHr.
TaTbHa xotocToMxoAy HecKonbKo (ctlf-
N4r,4HyT
HaIbHaR lavna aeapnraHoro naleHr.lfl
AaBneHhff
Ilpraarevoxne
N/acraAorxHa noracHyrbvepe: 2-3 cnocue ny- flnn uarnnpuocrn cHflT Bo3AyxonoqBo-
cKa ABilrarern). Bo epevn pa6orurABl4[arern gn4un pyxae BoiAywHoro Snn*pa.
npoBepbTe, Herril noreKoB N/acna u3-no,qnpob-
Kh cnrlBHoroorBepcTrlfrt1 KpbtulKt4 N4acrFHoro
$rrurpa. OcraHoanreABilrarenb,npoBepbre
YnnornurentHoe Konb4o odsgarentuo ypoBeHbN/acna,npr Heo6xogrrrvocrrporelrre
3aMeHnTe HOBbtM, OHO BXOAUT B COCTaB Macro, no.qrflHrarenpo6ry il KpbrxKySrlurpa.
Ko M nne KTa Qnnwpy rc4e ro ?n e M eHTa. 16. Vcraroanre 3aul/Ty KaprepaABilrarerfl
(cH,t.
<CHqvre,4 ycraHoBKa 6pur:roerroen :a-
r.urrbrKaprepaABtzrarenfl), c. 89).

O.rlrcrra crrcreilbr
BeHr1|rrf,q||x Kaprepa
L0 BpeMeHeN4 B Cl4CTeMe BeHTrlrffLlflll
KapTepa
llBr/rarer ff HaKanI l/1BaoTcfrct\40It1cTbte 14fl
0TrrOxeH 4. CHnvrre KpbrLlJKy 6nora qltlrrA-
roloBKr4
13 KapTepHbrx ra3oB,3arpyAHflrou_lile 0TB0A3Tt1x poa (cv. <3avenanpoKnaAK/KpbrtxKr,'rroroBKtl
ra30BB urnilHEpbrABilfaTenfl Arfl cxilraHL4fr.6rora qlur,trApoar,c. 93).
713-3a 3T0t0,qaBreHile ra30BBHyrpl4 ABrfaTenfln0-
BbruaeTcfl il noflBItfltoTcfr
TeLIU Maclaqepe3ynnoT- llonegHHfi coBer
HeHrR.,[rnroro,]ro6urlroro He6uno, neprogr- llpu xaxgou cHf,Tuu KpbruKn ronoBKu
O6parure BHuMaHueHa MapKupaBKy vecrr orrulaire n npovuraalrre crcreN/y, 6noxa qunnn4poa sauennhTe ee flpo-
Hoaili sneuenr Bav norpe6yercfl orBeprKa c nnocKnr\.4
re3BreN/. r,nagxy noaofr.
Qnntpytoqero rneMe+Ta,
npuo6perairec rcxofi xe mapxwpoaxoi.
llonegxuri coBer
r,r3reMeHTMac-
11.VcraHoarlre QranurpyrorLl,r Oqnqairre cncreMy BeHTnnsquu Kapre-
nnHoroQnnurpa B nopflAKe,o6parHov cHfll,lro. pa nepeq xaxAofr eauenofi uacna.

6es:nHovr1rr,4
5. Ilpovorare KepocrHor\4
N/acJro-
BHyrpeHHOro
OTpaxarenil, KpbruJKr4
noBepxHocrb
6noraqnnrrtHgpoe
TorroBKLr r eenarpy6or...
66 O OPEL AsTRA
3. ..,taoraoAsuleTo
lulaHToB

{-e

6. ...ararxe LtraHrchcreN,tbt.
7. YctaHoanteKpblLrJKy 6lora qr-
ToJtoBKtl
n14HApOB r/ njraHTcl,lcTeMbr
BeHTLlnflqrl11
KapTe- y3troM
.14c ApoccenbHbrN/
pa B nopfllKe,o6parnovcHflrhto. 4. Ocvorprre coegL4
HeHLtff ulr aHroB crlcreN/
bl
oxraxleHnff c narpy6ravr pa[haropa oronL4- ;t.r,
TeIlff. . . ( :;,:trl i :
llporepxa rurraHroB i I i t ti Fl,:ri-.ii: t,tl, i ),'i l, i ! ! ) ii i,

n coegrHeHnfr cttcreubl | ().t I i L; l.i e l;.4 O :i,1 ! i I r.t i l'!:,,4 |j A f .

oxrtax(f,eHHfl
llonegnure coBerbl
B npo6xe pacwupnrenbHoro 6auxa ycra-
HoBneHu ABa KnanaHa: anycxnoi u au-
nycxnofi. Bunycxnofi KnanaH urpaer
6onuayrc ponb B o6ecneqenwu onrn-
ManbHoro reMneParypHoro pexnMa
ABurarenfl, On nog4epxnBaer B cncreMe
u36btroqHoe AaBneHue He MeHee
0,12-0,13 Mlla (1,2-1,j xrc/ctvf ), o6ecne-
quBaf, noBblweHne TeMneparypu Ha.tana
3aKnnaHns oxnax4a,ot4efi xngxocrn
). ..,r,,1
c narpyoKaN/r
N/oAylFrepN/ocTaTa
u npeqynpex4afl uHreHcuBHoe napoo6-
pa3oBaHue. K coxanennn, npn saKnnHn-
BaHnn ManaHa B 3aKpbtToMnonoKeHnu
1.OxpoltreKanor11ocN/orprre
noAKanorHoe
n Pn n ePerpeBe Bo3Hu KaeT3HaquTenbHoe
[1pr ocvorpeganrarelno6pa-
npocrpaHcrBo.
npeBbtweHne ng6brroqHoro AaBneHug -
T i l T eB H r M a H t l eH a H a I l 4 q h eo x n a x A a o q e l a
6onee 0,2 MlIa (2 xrc/cwf), .tro Moxer
xl4AKocl,lB pacllt4prrenulov 6avre, Ha L1e-
npuBecru K pa3pb,By pacunpnrenbHoro
nocTbpe3|4H0Bbrx urJlaHfoB, pa[haTopa.
6aqxa nnu cpbtBy o4Horo us wnaHroB,
Jloneaxufi coBer B caorc ouepegb, 3aKnuHuBaHneKnanaHa
B OTKqbtTOM nOnOXeHUn npnBOAWT
Ilonnyawuil unaHr MoxHo BpeMeHHo K nPexEeBpeMeHHoMy 3aKunaHup ox-
BoccraHoBurbc noMot4bronnnxoit nentu. naxgant4ei xugxocru,
Oco6ennoxopowo gtn erofr Uenu noA-
xo4ur apMupoBaHHaf,nunKannenra (na-
npnMep, cepe6pucroro 4aera), Koropyn 6. [lpoaepure TepN/erL4r]Hocrb
coegnHeurr,r
MoxHo npno6pectn B aBToMara3nHax. LIInaHTOB
C BOAffHbIM
HaCOCOMr rpOttHrrOV...

llozromy pas B roq npoMbrBaire npo6ry


pacuupnrenbHoro6aqKanpotouuoit eo-
Aon, a KranaHnpoaeptfite na orcyrcrBue
3annnaHugHilKarueM tonxoi orBepr-
Koti, Ecnu nosBunucb coMHeHnn,3aMe-
Hure npo6Ky.
c paAuaropoM 7. ...crepvocrarov
2. OcvorpnrecoeArHeH/R
no[BoAfl
u]ero... Ilposepra cncrerubr BbrnycKa
oTpa6oraBunx ra3oB
C r c r e v a B b r n y c K ao r p a 6 o r a a u r x r a : o a
Herpe6yercneq/arrbHoro o6cryxreaunn.,[o-
craroqHo nephoEhqecKrlnpoBepflrbHaAex-
Hoclb 3arffxKr1 pe3b6oBbrx coegrHerrr,rr qe-
nocrb no.qyLrteK noABecKil. B cnyvaenoBpe4e-
Hr,rF,
cKBo3Hot Koppo314ki rinr nporapatreN4eH-
Tbro4creMbr 3aMeHFtoT a c6ope.

llpegyrrpex€fie!{rde
flepep petuourotw gati're crcrbtrb ct4crenie
Bbrnycka,TdKKaKao epeun pa6aru ABt4-
8. ...cpacu.trplrrerbHbtt,4
6avrol,l..
TEXHIIqECKOE OECNYT(r|BAHNE O 67
faTenfl oHa HarpeBaeTcg Ao BbtcoKon 3. ...coegrHeHre c KranaHoM 1.HeuaxnvasHanegarb,r43Mepbre
rpy6onpoaopoB paccro-
reMneparypbL npoAyBKrlagcop6epa crcreMbrynaBnrBaHrffrHile Mex4y Haoa4roi negan[ il KoBpr4Korv
Orpa6oraewne ra3il e4oBurbt, orpaBne- napoB ronnrBar c agcop6epora... nonaKy3oBa. 3ro paccronHne
AonxHocoq-aB-
Hne uMn nponcxoAuT He3aMeTHo,no,To- rflTboKoro125vu.
My nepeA nycKoM ABuraTenfl B rapaxe
o6saarenauo orxpofire aopora!

llonesHrre coBerbr
ITpunoeuwennoM ypoBHerayMa or cuc-
TeMb,BbrnycKanpoBePbTeee repMeTuq-
noou fl,nnztoro nycrure ABurarenbu oc-
Morpnre Bcro cucreMy. Ilpoeegn pyxoi
HaAMecraMuaozuoxnofi yteqKu, He Ka-
caf,cby3noB, Bbt cpa3y ot4yrure yreqKy
raeoe. llpu neo6xoguuocru saMeHure
npop)KaBeBuueu nporopeBuue y:nbt,
flpn neaozuoxnocrn 3aMeHnrbgeQexr- 4. ...ronrileHotrtuarvtctpartu c HanopHbtM

I
Hun y3enHoBbtM MoxHo BpeMeHHo Boccra- TOnnilBOnpoBoAoM TOnTUBHOT pal,rnur... 2. He rrveHgn noroxeHng nunerttrvt.na-
HoBurb ero padorocnocodHocrb,HanoxnB xrilrTe Ha neAanbAo ynopar BHoBb,43MepbTe
MeTaflfluqecKy,o3annaTKyHa noBpexAeH- paccTofHl4e MexAy HaKnaArota neAanr r roa-
HOeMeCTO n 3aKpennBee xoMyTaMnnnu prror,r.Pa:HocrbAByxn:uepenrri AorxHa co-
npoaonoxoir.llog zannarxy peKoueH4yer- c r a B r F r b ( 1 1 5 1 5 ) v r r r . P e r y r r p o B K ax o , q a
cnnonnoxurb nnct ac6ecta. neAanil B 3KcnnyaTaLllrrHe npeAycN/oTpeHa.
B uaragunax aBTosan.tacrefi 6naa,or 3HaqrreruroeorKnoHeHtae xoAa or yKa3aHHo-
B npo4axe cnequanbHbreKoMilreKTbt TO 3Ha9eHrfl,COnpOBOXAapqeeCfl HeHOp-
Mf, BOCCTaHOBneHnfl y3nOB CnCTeMbt Bbt- varurota pa6oror,r cqenreHrfl(,,npo6yrcoeut-
nycxa orpa6oraBunx ra3oa, c noMor4b,o BACT),(BEAET>,PbIBKI4 B MOMCHT TPOTAHIF
KOTOpbtX MOXHO BpeMeHHO yCTpaHUTb c vecra), cBh.qererrbcrByror o noBpexgeHilr
noBpex4eHuf, cucreMbr, wo6u goexart cuenleHilR ilnil nprBoAa ero BbtKfltoqeHrfl.
AOaBTOCepBuCa unu rapaxa. I p r H e : H a q r r e r b H b r xo r K r o H e H i l f l xx o A a
oT yKa3aHHO|O 3HaqeHrfl,HO npil ncnpaauota
5. ...ilronrraonpoBoAaMh
ronrileHoro6ara. pa6ore cqenreHheMoxHo npoAonxarb 3Kc-
llporepra repilerxlHocrl nnyaThpoBaTb.
ronnr|BonpoBoloB

llpoeepxa ypoBHr Macna


(pa6oqef, xcrnxocrn)
B r(opoSKe nepef,ra{
Bau norpe6yercflKlrotr<ua 131

Ilpurnevoxrn
3amenu uacna ne rpe6yerca(ronwo go-
nnaxa) B TeqeHneBcerocpoKacnyxdat
xopo6xn nepe4aq.
B uexanuuecxyro nnn aBToMarngecKyto
6. Ocuorpure ronnilBonpoBo4bl14r4xKpenne- xopodxy nepeAa.t3anuBafrrecoorBercr-
1.Ocrrrorprre
coeAlrHeHilF
TonnrBonpoBoAoB
Hr,lF K AHhu.ly
Ky3OBa. flprao6napyxeHr[Tpe- BeHHoMacno nnu pa6otyto xnAKocrb,
c ronrreHor4pavnoi... r!r4H,noTepTocrei unil noreKoBTourl4Ba3aMe- TOnbKO peKOMeHAyeMbte 3aBOAOM-n3ro-
HhrenoBpexAeHHbre rorrr4Bonpoaogur. 3ave- roenreneu (tnn n MapKyMacna,3annroro
HilTenoBpexAeHHbre KpenneHnfl. e xopo6xy nepe4aqBauero aBrouo6nnn
MOXHO y3HaTby Annepa,npoAaBweroaB-
llpnrrre.roxne rouo6unt).
3aquruufi xoxyx rpy6onpoBo,qoBMq
Harnf,AHocTucHgT. .fun npoaepruypoBHflMacnaB MexaHrt{ec-
rofr ropo6re nepeAaqBbrnorHrrecneAyoqee.
1. Ycranoeilreaerovo6r4ruHa notrbeMHrK
llporepxa xofia nelarrx r4fl
r1cMoTpoByloKaHaBy.
r|prBoIa BbtKtftoqeHnf,
cqennexlff,
XoA neAarr cqenreHhflnpoBepflorAnfloqeH-
2. ...coe4rHeHre
SopcyHorc ronrreHo14 Kil eTOTeXHr9eCKOt-O V nOV BbrflCHe-
COCIOflHT4F,
pavnott... HwAnptArttH pa6orur(crlenneurae
HeHopvaruHorl
(BeAer),(npo6yKcoBbrBaer>
n r.n.).

npo6ry KoHrponbHoro
2. Buraepnrare orBep-
cTiln KopooKfi nepeAa9, pacnoroxeHHofo
Ha KapTepeKopooKr4nepeEaqpfiAoMc BHyr-
peHHilMUrapH!4poM npilBoAareBoTo Kojleca.
6a O oPEL ASTRA
VpoeeHu N/,racnaAorxeH 6urruy rpovrr ron- ypoBeHb paooqe/xl/AKocrl4cl4nbHonoHilxeH,!0- 4. AHarorrvHoocMorprre3aulhrHbre gexJlbl
rponbHofooTBepcr4fl ilnu 9yrbHrxe (MoxHo rerareeeYepe3cneuilanbHoe orBepcr/eHaKapTepe uapHrpoB npt4BoAa npaBoroKoJreca.
AocrarbAo noBepxHocrh MacrananbqeM). ropo6rranepe.qae.t-lpoqegypa 3aMeHbrpa6ovela 5. [lpoaepurenrrorHocrb nprneraHilR noFc-
3. Ecnuypoeeub Macracrlulo nourxet (le xr4pKocrilB aBToMarrqecKora ropo6renepe.qaq no- KOB qex.na r HaAexHocTb KpenfleHilR
xoMyToB.
yAaercnnpoKoHTponilpoBarb narbqeN4 Bep- gpo6HoonucaHaa par4.6 ((TpaHcMr4ccl4ff),
), Bbt c. 133. rexor HeAorxeH npoBopaguBaTbcfl HauapHrl-
HhTenpooKyoTBepcrilF Anfl3anilBKl4
N4acna, pac- pe,a xoMyrbr - Haqexre.B nporraHov cryrae
noroxeHHoro cBepxy HaKopnyce MexaH,43Ma ne- 3 A N / C H T TXCO M V T b I .
peKjlloqeHr4nnepeAa't, n galerareMacnounpil-
llporepxa 3aulrrHbIx {exroa I
qov (cv. (flpoBepKa ypoBHfl,AonilBKa !,13aMeHa
MaclraB vexaHil,{ecroi ropo6renepegaq r pa- lloaesHuf, coBer GOCTOEHr|f,Ieraref,
6ovefixragrocrrBaBToMarqqecrorZ ropo6rene- l|CpeIHefi
peAaH),c. 141).l-'lpoqegypa3aMeHbt MacraBMe- Uapnnpu npnBo4oBo.reub AonroBeqHu. nolEecKr| fla aBrouoSrae
xaHilqecrolZropo6renepegaq nogpo6Ho onrca- Ognaxonpn noBpoK4eHun3at4urHbtxqex- Bcenpoeeprnr pa6orurnpoBoAilre cHr3yaB-
HaBpa3A. 6 <TpaHcvuccr,rn>, c.133. nog B wapHupbrnona4aeTBoAa u fpf3b, rovo6rrs, ycraHoBneHHoro Ha noAbeMHilKe
Ypoeeuu pa6overa x[AKocruBaBToMarnqe- B p$ynbrare qero oHn 6ucrpo BbtxoAf,T rnil cMorpoBorZ raHase(c aurseuieHHurMil ne-
cxofrropo6re nepe4aqMoxHonpoBepilrb KaK n3 crpos,Padorano 3aueHenpuBo4oBne- peAHrlMr4 KOneCaN/ilJ.
e xolo4HorT, TaKil B nporperora 4o pa6overa pe4Hnx Konec AoBonbHo rpyAoeMKae, flpu raxgonl r_exHilqecKoM o6clyxnaaurr
reMneparypbr ropo6re nepe4a'r. flpoaepnor a npnBo4uHe4eweau,flnn toro wo6u ce- h peMoHreHaAoooF3aTenbHo npoBepRTb cocTo-
ypoBeHb c noMollbro yKa3arenn ypoeHn(u1yna) pb$eBHo c?KoHoMnTb cBoeBpeMf,n AeHbru, flHre3aqilTHbrx qexloBLllapoBbrx onopnoABec-
(puc.4.2), BcraBreHHoro B Kaprepropo6rr ns6erartre noBpexAeHnssat4nrHbtx qex- Kr, Ha qexrax HeAorxHo 6uttu trlexaHnqecrrx
a eroaepxHer,rqacrr. HacropoHy a ulynaHaHe- rroBwapHnpoe(nanpnuep,BcneAcrBneHa- noepexgerrra.
ceHbrN/eTKil.qnFnpoBepKil ypoBHffB xolo4Hon $Aa Ha ropqaqyp n3 3eMnnnpoaonoxy) BurRcHrre, Her ril Ha AeranFXnoABecKh rpe-
ropo6re,A nacropoHy 5 - a nporperorZ. n HeMeMeHHosaueunfrte nx npn uanefr-
UVIHt4rtt4 cJleAoB3aAeBaHrF o AopoxHblenpe-
wux noBpqK4ennsx.EcnnB wapHnp qepe3 nrrcrBhfl vntA Ky3oB,geQopvaqrr pbrqaroB,
noaper(AeHHbtfrqexon nonaAer BoAannn
uJTaHTr cra6rru:aropa h ee croeK,4erarelane-
nwnb ou awiAer rc crpon .tepe3HecKonbKo peAKaKy3oBaB N4eCTaX KpenneHhffy3noBr Ae-
coreHKnnoMetpoenpo6era. ralett nO4eeCrr.
flpoaepure cocrorHre pe3ilHoMerannilqec-
'1.
YcraHoailre
aeroN/o6rru
HacMorpoBvp
Ka- Kl4xuJapHilpoB,
pe3rHoBbrx
noAyr.ueK,
uapoBbrx
HaByt4|vl3CTaKaAy. uapHrpoB noABecK14, a raKXe cocToflHile
(ocaAry) BepxH!1x onop renecKon|/lqecKilx croeK
notrBecKil.
Pe:rHoverarl/qecK/e uapHupbril pe3rHo-
BbrenoAyrxKr4 no.qrexaT3aMeHe npil pa3pbrBax
1 4 o A H O C T O p O H HBebMr n y r r B a H i l hp e 3 i l H b r ,
a raKXenpil noApe3aHilr ilx TopqoBbrx noBepx-
HocrerT.
Pacnoroxeune3reMeHroB nepe4nerT nogae-
cK/ HaaBToMo6rrenora:aHora prc. 4.3.
Puc. 4,2, Y ragarenu ( u4yn) 4nn npoBepKlt ypoBHf,
pa6oqefi xr,rAKocrx B aBToMarlqecroi ropo6xe na pe3rHoBbrx.qeTanflx noABecK/HeAonyc-
nepeAaq: A - cropoHa yKa3arengAne npoBepKu KaloTcfl:
ypoBHcB xonoAHoi Kopo6KenepeAaq;6 - cropoua
- npil3HaKil cTapeHilfl pe3ilHbr;
yKa3arenq.qrtenpoBepKhypoBHns ropo6re nepe4av, - N/exaHilqecKue noBpexAeHilf.
nporperof Ao pa6o,{ei reMneparypbl Ha pe3ilHoMeTarJlr4HecKilx uapHrpax HeAo-
2. Ocvorpnre gexrbr
3aulrrHbre JreBoro
BHyr- nycKaloTcff:
peHHero... - npil3HaKilcTapeH/fl,TpeulilHbr,oAHo-
lrn npoaeprrypoBHn B xonogrorlKopo6Ke cTopoHHeeBbrnyqr4BaHr4e pe3r4HoBoro Mac-
nepeAaq r3BreKnTe ulyn h Ha elo cTopoHe cilBa:
c o6o3Ha.reHrev <*20"C>nocMorp/Te, KaKyp - oTpbrB pe3hHoBoro N/accfiBa or apMarypbr.
MerKynoKpbrBaer N/acrrHafl nreHKa. VpoeeHu HercnpaBHbre Aerarh3aMeHhre.
AonxeH 6uru vexgy vexoi (MlN) r eepxHeri
veTKora Hau1yne. llpeaynpe)KAeH]re
lepe4 npoeeprora ypoaHnB rporpero,4Ko- Oco6oeannuauue o6parute HaMexaHn-
pooKenepeAa9 BbrnorHrTecneAyoulee. qecKue noBpex4eHun (4eQopua4nn,
pa6ovyro
1. tlporperare xrAKocrbB Kopo6Ke rpequHbt u gp.) zneueHroB no4BecKu,
nepeAa'{ go pa6orera
reMneparypbt(70-80"C), oco6enuo puuaroa,
coBepuilB He6onbuJylonoe3AKy.
2. YcraHosnre aetoNro6/ruua poeHora
ropr,r-
:outaruuoinnoulaAKe h 3aroprvo3rre
cronHoq-
HbtMTO0M030M. 3. ...ilreeoroHapyxHoro uapH/poB.Havex-
3. Haxae Ha KHonKy 6norrpoerr Ha pbtqare rax HeAorxHo6urrurpeulrr rapa:pureoa. [1o-
ceneKTopa u Ha neAanbTopMo3a,nooqepeAHo B p e x A e H H b t eg e x l b t 3 a M e H i l T e .
ycraHaBnuBarTe pbtgarceneKTopa Bo Bcenoro-
xeHilflor <P>(cronHra)Ao <D>(AailxeHrene-
pe,qH[M xoAoM) c KopoTKl4Ml4 ocTaHoBKaMil
B KaXrqOM nOrOXeHhilAnR3anonHeHils xil.qKo-
crbro n4AporpaHc$opvaropar rnApaBnilqec-
rora croevut. flocre aroro ycTaHoBilTe pbtltar
ceneKTopa B noroxeHr,le<N>(Her,rrpalu).Orny-
cTilTene.qanbTopMo3a il octaHoBilTe
ABrraTelb.
4. lAzeneKfieqyn il Haero cropoHec o6o:Ha,re-
srev <*80'C>nocMorpure, KaKyoMerKynoKpblBa- 1. IpoaepurecocroflHile
3au]ilTHbrx
rexJroB
eTMacrflHafl
nleHra.YpoaeHb flonxeH6uru vexgy uJapoBbrxonop.Eclr,rgexnbrnoBpex,qeHbr,
3a-
NlerKotl(MAX) t4 Ht4xHeul,lexota Ha uvne. Ecnta N/eHhTeuJapoBbre
onopbr Bcbope.
TEXHITIECKOE OECNY)KNBAHI|E O 69
6. tlpoaepureaMoprh3arop Ha tepMerilr-
rocru.Ioterr xrAKocr,lHeAonycKatorcfl.
tanhnoBpexAeHHble
7. HeucnpaaHure Aeranr
3aMeHUTe.

Ilponepra rexHrrqecKofo
cocrof,||nr f,eraner saIHer
nofiBec|(n na arrorroSnne
Bcenpoaeprr r pa6orutnpoBo4rrecHil3yaB-
rovo6rrR, ycraHoBreHHoTo Ha no.qbeMHrKe
nrir4cMorpoBorZ raHase(c auteeuleHHurMh ne-
peAHil r\4
14KorecaN/il r.
Burncxure,Her rr4 Ha AeranRXnoABecKrl Tpe-
r)tAHt rlt4cneAoB3a,qeBaHilfl o AopoxHblenpe-
rlffTCrBr4f ilnil Ky3OB,AeQOpMaqrnpbleafoB,
urarrr cra6nrr3aTopa,Aerareta3a.qKaKy3oBa
B Meoax KpenreHhe
flpoaepure cocronHnepe3nHoN/erannrltec-
Kl4XUrapHrpoB,pe3nHoBbrx
nr,re(oca.qry)rpyxt/H noABecKn.
PeEuHoverarrrgecKre
noAyr.IJeK, I
y3noBil Eerarei no.qBecKil.

cocroF-

uiapHrpbrn pe3ilHoBbte
:ii noAyuJKr4 noMexaT 3aMeHe npil pa3pblBax
r oA-
t HOCTOpOHHeM BbrnyqilBaHhLlpe3rHbl, a TaKXe
npr noApe3aHhu l4XTOpUOBbIX nOaepXHOOett.
PacnoloxeHre lreMeHToB:aguetanopaecrn
Haasro[4o6hrrenoKa3aHo na pttc.4.4.
9 8 7 6 5 Ha perltroverarrnqecKrxuapHilpaxHeEo-
nycKaloTcfl;
P9rc.4.3. PacnoroxeHre oneMeHToBnepeAHei noABecKraxa aerorvro6rne: 1 - nepe4HufiLuapHup(cail- - npr3HaK/cTapeHilfr, TpeulilHbr;
lenr6lor) pbrqaranepeAHeilnoABecKh;2 - crofiKacra6rruaaropa nonepernofi ycrofivnaocrr; 3 - auopru- - oAHOOOpOHHee
3aropHaecroilKa;4-noBoporHHfrynar;5-ruapoBaqonopa;6-putqarnepeAHefinoABecKr4;7-uraHracra- Bbrny9rBaHre pe3hHoBofo
6n.nnearopanonepevxoi ycrofirnaocrn; 8 - 3aaHhi uapH!4p(cafinenr6nox)pbrgaranepeAHefinoABecK[; N/accr Ba.
9 - nepeaxnirnoApaMHhK leQerrHureAerarn 3aMeHilTe.
fl poeepureorcyrclBileMexaHilqecKilx noBpex-
Aenr,ila(4e$opvaquta,rpeqraHr r.n.) lneMeHToB
3. [lpoaepure
HaorcyrcrBre noQranepegHre. noABecKu. Ipr npoaepreBbrnorHrre cne.qyouee.

BepxHre..
1.Ocr'rorpnre
2. flpoeepure
uapoBbre Kpen-
onopbrHaHarilqile 4....nnguue caineHr6rorrB N/ecrax
noQroB.Ecrlr noqerrilcuroQrur uapoBbrx neHrFpbr9aroB
KnoApaMHLlKy.
nalrbueB, onopbl.
3aMeHilTe
JlonegHui coBer
flpoeepnrc wapoBbteonopbt Ha Hanu.rue
nnQta MoxHo raKxe noKaquBaHueM
B BeprnKanbHofinnocKocruBuBeueHHo-
ro nepe4HeroKoneca.Ognaxonpn nxofr
npoilepKeuHor4a 6anaer rpy4Ho pasnu-
pe3ilHOBbleBTynKr KpenneHhF
l. ...1/1Hl4XHVe
tnto nnQrat B no4uunHuKax crynuu
u B uapoBbtx onopax. ITonpocute no- aMopTil3aTopoB.
MOt4HnKaHaXaTb Ha ne4anb TopMo3a:
eclru u B tToM ary.lae oqyrute nrcQt, 5.flpoaepure
cocroflHne
croeKil pe3ilHoBbrx
n0-
TOHeUCnpaBHH uapoBbte onopbt, gyuercra6rnra3aropanonepeqHoraycrottv
ltaoou,
uraHry cra6nnu3aropa
noKaLrilBas BBepx-
BHl,13.

3. tl poeepure
pe3ilHoMerannileecKile
uapHr-
pu (carrueHr6norn)
rpeueHra6anrnzalnen
notrBecKil.
70 OOPEL ASTRA
ABa-Tpr4 pa3aycrnhe392-490H (40-50 rrc),
HanpaBneHHoe cBepxyBH143, cHaqaraK3aAHeMy
6avnepy,a 3areMK nepeAHeMy. Korecaasro-
Mo6ilnflAonxHbr6urrupacnoroxeHbr napan-
flerbHonpoAonbHori octaaBToMo6rnr.
flpr npoaeprefl peryJrllpoBKe yfnoByfia-
HOBKh nepeAHrx KoneccHaqajra npoBepbTe
yronnpoAojrbHoTo HaKroHa ocil noBopoTa, 3a-
TeMyfon pa3Bana Kolec4 B nocneAHoro oqe-
pe,qb cxoxAeHreKorec.
Yron npogonuHoroHaKnoHa ocx noBopo-
Ta nepeAHero Konecaoopa3oBaH BeprilKanb|o
v nvHv,eh, npoxoAnqeta qepe3cepeAilHy Bepx-
Hei onopbtreflecKonilqecKov crotAKV r,rqeHTp
cQepur uapoaolronopur, 3aKpenneHHoi HaHr-
xHeMpbrqare. Perynupoara yrnanpoAonbHoro
HaKIOHa OCilnOBOpOTa HenpeAyCMOTpeHa KOH-
crpyrqraer,r aBroMo6ilnn. flpr oruoxeH/ Myrna
OTHOMIHANbHOTO 3HAqCHilfl3AMCHilTE NOBOEX-
AeHHbre il AeQopMNpoBaHHbre AeTan14.
Yron paraananepeAHlxKonecxapaKrepr-
3yercfloTKnoHeHileM cpeAHen uocrocru apa-
qeHilFKoneca or BeprilKanh. Peryrrpoarayma
pa3Bana nepeAHhx KorecHe npeAycMoTpeHa
roncrpyrLlaeiaarovo6r4rR.
CxoxgennenepeAHxxKonecnpeAcra BnFer
co6orayror MexgynnocKocrbro BpauleHtaflKo-
7 6 5 necail npoAonuHola ocuroaeroMo6ilrs. Cxox-
Pvtc, 4,4, Pacnoaoxenre gneMeHToB3aAxei noABecK[ Ha aarouo6nae: 1 - eepxHnnnpoKnagKanpyxr4- AeHile nepeAHilx KorecperynrpyoTr43N/eHeHil-
Hbr(coBMeqeHac 6yQepoMcxar[g 3a,q,Hefi noABecKu);2 - npyxraHa3aAHet noABecKur; 3 - avoprrsarop; eMMilHbrpyneBbrx Tflr.
4 - caineur6nor6anrn sa4aefr noABecKh;5 - 6anra saAHet noABecKu;6 - purvar sagHet noABecKil;7 - Hr4- flpoeepure cnegyoulreyrnbrycraHoBKta 3aA-
xHq9 npoKra.qKanplDKhHbl Hr4X KOIreC.
Yron pasaana3aAHlrxKonecxapaKTepr3y-
erceorKroHeH uev cpegHera nrocKocTr4 Bpau.{e-
Hilr 3aAHefo Korecaor BeprhKanil. Peryrrpoe-
llporepxa x pefylf,poBr<a Kayrnapa3Bana 3a.qHrxKorecHenpeAycMoTpe-
yf'|oB ycraHoBKrl Norec
HaKoHcrpyKur4eri asrovo6ilrq.
BurnoriHRrunpoBepKy n perynrpoBKy yfnoB Cxox,qexue3aAHuxKoflecnpeAcraBnfler
ycraHoBKr4 KonecHeo6xoAhMo Ann o6ecneqe- co6ora yror Mex.qy nnocKocrbto BpaqeHnR 3aA-
HhqxopouetrycrotrHilBocrh il ynpaBnfeMocrr4HeroKoneca r npogonuHoi ocuo aarovo6ilrR.
aBTOMOOI4IF,a TaKXe paBHOMepHOrOil3HOCa Perynrpoerayrna cxoxrqeHhn 3aAHyrx Korec
uilH npr43KcnnyaTaqnr. YmurycraHoarnKorec HenpegycMorpeHa KoHCrpyKLlileri aarovo6ilrn.
npoBepflpr il perynilpytor Ha cneqilaflbHbtx
creHAaxcomacHo14HcrpyKql4flM no rx 3Kcnnya-
Taunt4.
Ocnorp rr npoBept<a pyreBoro I
ynpaBnenrg Ha aBToro5
HecooreercraileAeicrBr4TenbHbtx 3HaqeHri,
3aMepeHHbrx Ha aBToMo6ilne,KoHTporrbHbtM PeryrnpHo npoeepnirecocrolHhepyneBoro
3HageHhFM, yKa3aHHbrM HilXe, O6yCnOBneHO ynpaBneHilF, TaKKaKor Hero3aBhcr4T 6egonac-
r43HocoM il AeQopMaqilet AeTanet noABecKil HOCTbTBilXCHilf.
rnr AeQopvaqhei Ky3oBa flpu ocvorpe pyneqoroyrpaBneHrffoco6oe
4. flpoeepurenpyxl4Hbt A r cocroRnrega- BHilMaHreo6paqarareHacocroflHile3aqrrHbrx
rl]r4rHoroKoxyxaaMopTfl3aTopa 5, a rarxe cau llpe4ynpe)K,qeH]re eexroB r,1peru6oaurxcoegr,rHeHui. flopaaHHure,
aMopTil3aTop. Ha Hev HeAonycKapTcF noTeKil 3auena unu peMoHTAeranefr no4BecKn noTpecKaBUJilecfl vnv noTepflBrJJre 3racTilr-
xl4AKOCTl4 il 3anoTeBaHfie. MOKernoBneqb3a coaoit n3MeHeHne yr- HocTbDe3ilHoBbre qexlbr obfl3arenbHo 3aMeHil-
5. flpoaepureraKxe no4ur4nHrKil cryn[q noBycTaHoBKn Konec,nolToMy npoBepKa Te,rHaqenonaBureB y3nbrBoAa,nbrnbr fpfl3b
3a.qHhx Konec HaHanrqrenoora. yrnoBycTaHoBKn Koneco6ffiaTenbHa. obrcrpoBbrBeAyr fix r43Clpof.
flpoaepurecocroffHue uJraHfoBu rpy6onpoao-
llonegrrlf, coBer VmurycraHoarilnepeAHilx il 3aAHilxKorec AoB,coeAilHflolJ]tlXHacoc)neKTpofl,lApoycl4llrTe-
O6parnre BHuMaHueHa cucreMy Bbnyc- npuco6creeHHor,r Macceaerovo6ilnR nprBeAe- nfl pyneBoroynpaBneHilfl n pyneaonMexaH/3M.
xa orpa6onBwux ra3oB. flooopounne Hure ra6r.4.3. flpoaepure pacnonoxeHnecnrq pyneBoro
cTytKu,u34aBaeMbteeK),,'IacTonpuHuMa- flocneycraroerraerovo6ilrfl,Ha creH,q(He- Koreca, KoTopbrenpil rpffMonilHerauovnoro-
,orsa cryKBsaguefrnogaecxe.flpnnene- nocpe,qcTBeHHo nepeAnpoBepKor yrnoB)(npo- xeHril nepeAHilxKorec AonxHbr6urru pacno-
Hne Heoau4aprnux geranefi unn o6pbtB xMrTe) noABecKy aBToN406ilflR,
npilKnaAbtBaflIOXeHbt CflMMeTp/r.rHO OTHOCilTenbHO BepTU-
,neMeHTOBnOABeCKn rnyuuTenf, MoxeT
BbBBarb cunbHbrit oyx, ocodenHo npn
nepera3oBKax.flnn npocepxn ocfaHoBu-
Te ABUraTenb,BHUMaTenbHO OCMOTqUTe
cucTeMy BbrnycKa, npoBepbre HaAex-
HOCrbKpenneHuf,n noABecKyrnyunTenn.
Bssawncr sa KoHeUauxnonnofi rpy6rt,
noxaqaire rnywurenb BBepx-BHu3
n ug cropoHbt B cropoHy - cryKoB 6btrb
He AOnXHO.
TEXHIqECKOEOECNYT(]IBAH]IE .),TI
KanbHoi och.B npoTr4BHoM cnyqae onpeAenilTe 4. llpoeepurecocrorHhe3aqhrHbrx qexroB
npntlilHyHeilcnpaBHoor4 14ycrpaHilTeee. pyneBbrx rnr. floepexgeHHure qexnuto6Rla-
floeopavreanpyneBoeKonecoor ynopa TeflbHo 3aMeHhTe.
.qoynopa,npoBepbTe Bil3yanbHo il Hacnyx:
- HaAexHocrb KpenfleHilfl pyneBoroMexa-
Hr3MaUpyneBoro Koneca;
- oTcyrcrBile3a3opaBo BrynKax pyneBbrxTgf
il urapoBbrx
uapHilpaxHaKoHetrHr4KoB pyneBbrx
Tflr; llpu yeelrveuHorr,r
cgo6oAHoM xoAepyneBo-
- HaAexHocrb 3arFXKl4 14cronopeHilfl6onroe ro Koneca3arpyAHnercf ynpaBneH[e aBToMo-
KpenneHilR rnr r perareu raeKnarbqeBuapo- 6unev, TaKKaKoH c ono34aHueM pearilpyer
BbrxuapHilpoB; Ha,qeticrsilnBoghrenff.Kporrreroro,yBenuqeH-
- orcyrcrBile
3aegaHnrZ 14noMex, npenrrcrBy- xurfrxoA,roropurrlHeygaercrycrpaHilTb pery-
rou.lrxnoBopory pyneBoro Koneca. nrpoaroi pyneBoro MexaHn3Ma, cBhAererbct-
Ecnrsuro6napyxrrecTyKvl v13aegaHrfl,or- Byero HencnpaBHocil4 pyneBofoynpaBneHiln 5. l4rruepure no o6o4y paccronHne Mexrqy
coeArHilTe pyneBbre Tflfl4oTnoBopoTHbrx pblLra- (ocna6nexne KpenneHrfl pyneBofoMexaHh3Ma,MerKaMh. OnoAonxHo6urruHe6onuuepac-
TOBTeJIeCKOnhileCKrX CrOeKh nOBTOphTenpo- pyneBblx rArvnv rrHocrx Aeranei). cqnraHHoTo 3HaqeHrff. Ecru paccronuile (ceo-

r
aepry.EcrucryKVv1 3aeAaHnF HenpeKparflrcfl, flpoeepnrare noQr pyneaoro KorecaHaaBro- 6oAHurra xoApyneBoro roreca)6onuu:e,Heo6-
cHilMr4Te pyneeoi MexaHu3M c asroMo6nrs MOOUne,yCTaHOBneHHOM Ha pOBHOMHeCKOnb3- xoAr4Mo ycraHoBlrrb npilquHy14ycrpaHhTb ee.
u orpeuonrrpyl,tre. KoMnoKpbrl4l4. flo$r re gonxexnpeasru:aru 5".
Moxxo onpeAenilrb noQr r e rrHeraHurx e4r-
(vv) no Qoptrryne
Hr,rrlax
L = (5'1360")zD,
rgeL - no$r pyneBoro Koreca,uu; n = 3,14;
D - HapyxHuri AraMerppyfieBoro Koneca,MM. .[nn npegynpexrqeHuflBHe3anHoroorKa3a
,[nn pyreeoroKoneca,HapyxHurra AHaMerp ropvorHorl cr4creMbrrqarerbHo npoeepntare
Koroporococraerner380 vt',r,rtoSr HeAofixeH cocrorHheecexrpy6onposogoe.3avenure Ae-
nDeBbruarb
' 16-18t'rv. Tarn HoBbrMr4, ecril ecrb laaleiuee coMHeHile
Bau norpe6ynrcR: nnneira. uer (mr npo- B ilx npilfo4Hocrr. Bcepe3nHoBbre Aeranilrop-
eonora)Anr HaHeceHilfl MeroK. Mo3Hbrx y3noB(unaHril, MaHxerbr14Ap.) H$a-
1. VcraHoeure nepeAHre KofiecaB nofloxe- Bt4ct4Mo or t4x cocroflHunlaveHnire HoBbtMl4
Hile,coorBercrByoqee npRvonrHeiHoMy ABr4- veper 100 000 rr,,rnpo6erailnh eepe35 ner rrc-
xeHfloagtotr,,to6flR. nnyaTaqilr(B 3aBilct4MocrH or roTo, qro Hacry-
1. flpoaepure cocroflHile3aqrrHbrx qexroB nnr panuue), vro6u npe4ynpeAilTb
BHe3anHbre
HaKoHegHilKoB pyneBbrx rRr.3aveHurenopBaH- pa3pbrBbr
r43-34crapeHilf.
Hbte,noTpecKaBujhecfl nIil noTepflBulileSrac-
Tl4r{HOCrbqexrbt. llonegxui coBer
2. Pe:ro noBopaquBaRpyneBoe Kofieco Topnosnanxu4xoot o,teHbrnrryKonwt-
e o6onx HanpaBneHilRx (:ro AonxeHAelrarbno- Han nornoqaeTBnaryrc BBAlxa, qTo,no-
uor4nrr), npoBepbre Bh3yanbHoil Ha cnyx MuMonof,BneHnsKoppnnu geranefi rcp-
KpenneHilepyneBoroMexaHh3Ma. llepeueqe- uosnofi cnoeMb1 noHuxaer rewneparyy
HneMexaHil3Ma v cryKlAHeAonycKapTcfl. KnneHngcauoil xuAxocrn, a tro Moxer
npnBecfn K orKasy TopnosoBnpu qacrbtx
nHTeHcuBHbrx ropwoxeHusx, llonony pe-
KOMeHAyeM saueHgTbTOPMoSHyKt XnA-
KOCrbHepexe o4Horopa3aBroA,
rrHeiry rar, .{ro6utee ropeq
2. YcraHoeilre fl poaepnrare
repMernqHocrb HapyxHbrM oc-
ynilpancrB naHenbnpu6opoe, a nrocKocrb Jlt4- MOTOOM:
Heirr racanacuHapyxHora noaepxHocru o6oga - cBepxy r43-noAKanoTa;
pyfleBofoKoneca.HeveHRq nonoxeHrn nugei- - cHr43y aarovo6ms (ra noAtevHurennr
Kh,noBepHrlTe pyneBoe KorecoBreBoAo Mo- e cuorpoaoiraHas'e);
MeHraHaqaflanoBopoTanepeAHl/rx Konec. - c 6oroeaeror\ao6ilng KofiecaMh.
co cHRTbrMr4
Brrou noroxeHtahHaHecilTeHao6oApyneBoro
Koneca MerKy(:arpenurenpoaorory). Jlonesxui coBer
3. flpoeepureHarilrrnernQroe B uapoBbrx Ocnotp qaon rn4ponpnBoga, pa6ono-
uapHilpaxHaKoHeqHrKoB pyneBbrxrRr. Haro- uefi noAAaanenneu,npoBoAurec nomot4-
HevHnKr4,UapHnpbrKoTopbrx nueor oqyrrvurrl HuKoM. On Aonxeu tterbrpe-ngrb pa3
no$r, :aueHrre. flpoeepureraKxe HaAex- Haxarb Ha ne4anbropuosa (wo6u nxnu
HOfib3aTRXKr4raeKnalbqeBuapoBbrx uapHn- o6pasoucoE4arbAaaneHue BruqponpnBo-
poBHaKoHeqHuKoB pyneBbrx TRr. ge) u ygepxuaat ee naxarort Ao rex nop,
noKaBbrHeocMorpnrernAponpnBo4.
OcutotprugponpnBoqa, He Haxo4s'4/'ero-
cf, noA AaBneHneM,AonycruM, Ho MeHee
aQQercruaen.
llpnmeronrn
llpn o6napyxeHuuHapyueHuerepme-
TnqHocTu coe4uHeHnh noATsHHTe
xoMy-
3. HeuensgnoroxeHilgnunehrn,noBepHx- tu, sarnywxu,raixu,
TepyneBoeKonecoBnpaBoAo MoMeHTa Haeana Wnaxrun tpy6onpoaogwc MexaHuqec-
noBopoTa nepeAHhx
Konec. KUMU nOBpeXAeHUf, MU 3aMeHUTe.
4. BraKoMnonoxeHilu Hao6o4py-
HaHecilre Eanunerepuerutnu pa6ouue4unuHA-
neBofoKojrecaBTopyro
MeTKy(3aKpenhTe
npo- pH,3aMeHUTe UX,
eororv).
72 OOPEL ASTRA
5. TularenuHo
ocMorp/Te roptvto3Hbte
unaH- 10....r uanaHur
BbrnycKa
Bo3Ayxa.
rr. Harrx HeAonxHo6urrurpeulnH,HaApbtBoB
HaxvnreAo ynopaHaneganb
r noreprocrelt.
TOpN4O3a:eCIr Ha UIaHte nOFBt4Iil4Cb
B3AyTt4fl,
3HaqhT,nopBan/cb Ht4TilonIeTK/ UJIaH[a 14ero
ueo6xoarvo 3aN/eHilTb.

1. Ocvorpnre6a,lor maetororopMo3Horo
uilnrHApa...
'11.
flpoaepure KpenreHilerpy6onpoeogoe
B AepxarenflxHaAH14lqeKy3oBa.3aveHure_no-
BpexAeHHbre AepxaTenil,TaKKaK,1xocrabJre-
HVet4Irvl
nonoMKa np/BoAr4Tr eu6paquun, rax
6. OcvorprrecoeAilHeHufl c pa6o- cneAcrBtae,
ulraHroB K noloN/Kerpy6onpoaogoa.
9LrN.414
UilnilHApaMil nepeAHrX KOIeC...
Ilprmevoune
3aqnrnafi xoxyx rpydonpoBo4oBMf,
HarngAHocTncHf,T,

l . . . . i l r e p M e T i l q H o c Tnbp / c o e A r H e H H o r o llpoeepra crenenr rsnoca


K HeMyuraHra K rnaBHotvy LihnlHApynphBoAa TopiroSHbrx r(otrofioK x IrcKoB
BbrKJrlo9eHilR CUenneHhfl ... Bav norpe6yercfluraHreHqtapKylt;ttrttr rttA-
Hetara.

flplm,reuoxne
Ecnnnpn ropMoxeHunaatamo6nnayeo-
|. ...c1nMtTe3aulilTHbil/
KOIna9OK il npoBepbTe Anr B cropoHynnn cnbtweHnocroponnui
Ha oTcyTcrBre yTeeeK KnanaHbtAnfl BbtnycKa803- wyM, npoBepbTecocTosHneTopMo3Hbtx
AyxaTopMo3Hbrx MexaHil3MoB nepeAHhx Konec. KOnOAOK.

1. YcraHoailreaerovo6rru Ha norbeMHrlK
ilnil AoMKpar(noAcraern).
2. CHuvnrenepeAHeeKoneco.

3. ...coe4raHeHun
rpy6onpoaoAoB
rnaBHoro
TOpMO3HOT-OLlhnIHApaC3neKTpOrhApaBruqec-
xru 6rorov arrr6norrpoeoqHoi
crcrevur.
llprmevoxre
Pacwnpurentu*i 6aqox cncreMbroxnax-
AeHUfl AEUraTens M9 Harnt AHOCTnCHflT. 8. Ipoeepure coeAilHeHre ropMo3Hbtx
rpy-
6or c coeguHurerbHbtN4t4
tr,lyoravra.

qepe3orBepcrreB cynnopre
3. flpoeepure
cocronHile
KonoAoK.
EcrrrorquHaSpnrqnoH-
HbrxHaKraAoKMeHee (ra6n.4.4),
Aonycrilvora
3aMeHhre ropMo3Hbre
KonoAKr4(cv. <3aveHa
TOpMO3HbIXKOITOAOK
TOpTVO3HOTO
N/eXaH/3Ma
nepeEHero
Koreca),c. 194).

4. flpoaepure,Her Jl14yreqKrxrAKocl4
u: coe4nHeHura
ropMo3Hbtx rpy6orco ulaHra- 9. Ocl,lorpnrecoe,qnHeHHe
ropMo3HbtxulraH-
M i l 3 a A H i l XT O p t \ 4 O 3 H bMt e
XX a H i l 3 M O B . roe c pa6ovuvtA\tArttAHEpaMtA
3aAHilxKolec...

4. ly':vepure
ronulnHy
ropMo3Horo grcra.Ec-
Iil eroTolrtur,lHa
N/eHee
EonycTtlMoLr(ctv.Taon.
4.4),:aveHrreropvorHol,t4rcr (cv. <3aveHa
TOpt\4O3
HOrOAilCKaTOpN4O3HOTOMeXaH!13M4ne -
peEHero Kofleca), c. 194).
Iepeaxue ropMo3Hbre
MexaHr3Mbl
Al4aMeTp T0pMo3l{0f0
Ar4cKa 256,280,308,321'
TonulrHaroplrosHoroAncKaAraMerpor\r:
256 ur'.l 24
280 tr,tl.l 25
308 t'.lt'.t 25
321 t"nt 28
MnHuna.nuHan ronuilHaropMo3HoroAr4cKanpil [3Hoce:
256 t'ttit
2 . . . . n l o r t o c r sn o c a 4 K L
B/a K y y N / H ourror a H r a
_ l a | 1 v 1 o n o q - \ , . F n L / n r 6" o . . .
YJ
280 t',rt"t z l
308 t',lu 22
321 r,ttrr 25
flonycruuarpa3Huua pa6o,reinoBepxHocr4
Tonu]rHbr
3HaqeHt,lfr 0,01
MaxcuLlaluxoe 6ueglreAncxa 0,1
TonquHaQpuxqroHHofr HaxragxuropMo3HoiKonoAKt4 2,0
3a.qnhe roptltosHbte MexaH]t3Mbl
A[aMerp ropMosHof
0 Ar4cKa 240,2M,278'
Tonquua ropuoeuoroA[cKaAuaMerpoM:
240ruu 10
264utr,t 10
27BMM 10
MnHuuarusas ronut,lHa
ropMo3Hofo npr4u3Hoce:
Ar4cKa
240t',tt'l B L/rB KpbrLlrKe yctntreflfr
BaKyyMHoro
264ur'r B
278t',ttl B
flonycrur.larpa3HuuagHa,reHuf pa6oqefr
TonquHbr nooepxHocl4 0,01
Maxcut.raluHoe 6ueHueaucxa 0,03
2,0

H a a a r o u o 6 r l n O p eA s t f a B 3 a B r l c n M o c r / o r K o t 4 f n e K T a U i l i l y a r a H a B f i l B a o r r o p M o r H b efM
eep xe a. qHf i l rxM
K bo f e a c r o p
[ i o ] f b r M /l l i l c K a MA
r r 4 a f v l e T p2o5M6 ,2 8 0 , 3 0 8 r 3 2 ' ]v u .
H a a e r o v o 6 r r r O p e A s t r aB l a B / a r N r o c To/ TK o M n , ' t e K T a U
y c/ /r a H a B r i l B a or or p [ 4 o ] H b rM
e e x a H / i M br a , q H r xK o n e ac r o p M 0 3
HblMil!ilcKaN1il 240, 264 v 218 w.
Al,rar,4eTpoM

4 .! r n n p o a e p . np a 6 o t o0t 6 p a r i oo r n a t a p a
CHill\,1t4Te BaKyyMHbll,l UnaHr,Ar'lFqetOCOXN4l,lIe
n^. -,,.,^-^ j
I l p / B b l r O l e / t l p O F B d K y y l V H OOl V . V n l l r e r a Q r , r K c a T o pKbpr e n r r e H / fB a K y y r v H o rLor r a H T a
3 H a q r l T e r i b H oB o 3 p a c T a e TY c t 4 r v e H a n e . q a J r r , 1 K urryuepy BnycKHo14 Tpy6br14oTCoeATrHr/Te
-opMola,
t l o H e r 6 r 7 g q 6c K a r bB a e T . cl l a y r p a B - u r a H r o TL r T y u e p a .
IreHrrl aBTOrvo6rrleN4.
F cn u y , u n v t c l a n e A a n , i r p i 4 t o p M o { e F l r ' t i l a
eTHO y Belr rl I l,4lrOCb n O Cp a BHe Hrl rOC O6 bII HbIN,,1,
r\,4
n p o B e p b T ey c r l l r r T e J r bT o p M o 3 o BH a H e n o A B r x
H O Na4B r O M 0 6 r l r e .
5. AHa,rorn,lronpoBepbre
rof u1L4Hy
roprvr03 B a v n o r p e 6 y e r c f l p e 3 L / H o B a rep y u a
Hbrx!r,1cKOB
14Qpr4Ku/oHHbrx
HaKnaAoK
Top-
Nt03HbtxMexaHr43M0B
3aEHi,1X
Kotec.

5 . 1 , 4 : e n e r / THea r o H e - F / r L r f a i a , 4 i o r B e p
C I L 4 9K p b l t l l K l K O p n y c aB a K y y l \ 4 H O tyOC 1 4 , r t l l e r ' l F
r o p M o 3 o B...

1. tlpL,tr-repa6oraouleM
ABrTarereHaxN'1r,1Te
rFlo-ll€Clb p0l Hd nO[d,lo IOpVO]4. yleO,{,1/
839 fl0[3,1o IOprVO3a B Hdnd OlV narO/'ol.Il,
n\tartlra norrr:ronr -. ,l l.o-n,: ,r l o f O P ! 1 O 3 4! C n ) Y F a
F e p e v e / T , . 1 ' bBLr F . ctz, oro re nooL/lo
e p e AE
Lrrrro n ,p o B e p b T e . . . t l c H l , . 1 M r ,B
1TaK
e yyN/HbM
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74 O OPEL ASTRA
Koreca, il He oTnycKailTeee Ao nonHoil ocra-
HOBKT4aBTOMO6ilnf .
Burragrreils asroMo6rnn r ocMorpilre rop- Oquqafirc noBepxHocrb KpbtwKnronbKo
MO3Hbte CfleAbt,ocraBreHHbte KoflecaMuaBTo- npu nnorHo 3aBepHrybtxnpo6xax ao nz-
Mo6rnf,. Ecrr ropl,rorHure
cneAbrnepeAHilxKo- 6exa nue sarpneHeH uf, gneKTponnra,
rec HecKonbKo MLrHHee3aAHilx,a AfiilHacne-
AOBCneBail CnpaBaoAilHaKOBa, TOTOpr\4O3Haff Cne,qrrera rev, ,rro6urnpo6rr BcerAa
6brnil
cilcreMailcnpaBHa.B nporraHov cnyqaeorpe- nnorHo3aBepHyrbr B ropnoBilHu6aHor.Hepe-
pyr,treCilCTeMy.
ni|OHrn xe o4Horopa:ae 2 Hegenrnpoaepnrare vrcro-
ry oreepcrrra
AneBbrxo.qarasas npo6rax(ecnr
oH14B Hr4xeurnorHeHur)
ilnil e 6oroeurx creHKax
He enoynorpe6nsire nogo6nofi o4en- raK KaK3acopeHile
KpbrrJKr4, rrrx oreepcrurrz
7. I-lpoaepsrepa6orocnoco6HocrbKranaHa, xoi, nocxontKy oHacBf,gaHac noBb,ueH- Bbr3oBernoBbrueHile
AaBreHilR ra:a anyrpra
6a-
ycraHoBIeHHoro B BaKyyMHoM urraHTe,Enfl qe- HbtM oAHOCTO?OHHWM U3HOCOM UnH,
qToMoxeTnpilBecril
Tapeil, KeenoBpexAeHrlo.
ro nrorHo BcTaBbTe Hocr4Kpe3rHoaolr rpyuLr .[nn npegorepau]eHr4n
oKr4creHilfl noflocHbrx
B TOTKOHeLIBaKyyMHOfO UrJraHTa,
KOTOpbTM BbrBoEoB 6araperil HaKoHegHilKoB npoBoAoB
unaHr noAcoeAhHffrcfK BaKyyMHoMy ycilnhre- llposepra perynfpHoorrqarZreBbrBoAbr il HaKoHerrHilKfr,
no, 14coxMhre ee. Bor4yx il3 rpyur4 AonxeH
ctof,HoqHofo roFnoEra CMA3bIBAiTEilX TCXHilgCCKilMBA3EINHOM!4JI14
guil4rilqepe: KlanaH. CroRHo.rHuri ropMo3AonxeHy.qepxuBarb roHcrcreHrHorZ cvasrorZ.Cle,qrre3a nrorHoc-
8. Ornycrnre rpyuy. Ecru oHa ocralracb aeroMo6ilru HayuoHe257onphnepeMeuleHnrrblo coeAnHeHilF HaKoHeYHilKoB npoBoAoB
B CXaTOM 3HaqilT,KIanaH ilCnpa- pbreafaB caloHeaBroMo6rlRna 7-9 ry6qoa t4BbtBoAoB.
COCrOflHl4r4,
eeH. flpr orcyrcTBr4r4 r-pyur4MoxHo npoAyrb (rLlenvroa) xpanoBoro ycrporacrea.
KnanaHpToM. 1..{rn npoaeprilnpaBilnbHocrr perynilpoBKr4 lloneenuf, coBer
9. Ecnrao6parHurrirrtanaHnponycKaerBo3Ayx croflHortHoTo TopMo3aHailArTeBo,rll43il Mefia Buecro rexHuqecKoro Ba3erluHa unu
e o6oilx HanpaBneHilflx, 3aMeHilTeaaryyvnurrZ cToflHKn BauJeToaeroN/o6ilnR 3craKaAyvnv no- o6uqnwx KoHcucreHTHbrx cMa3oKNrf,
uraHf B coooec KJtanaHoM. rpyrovHurranaHAycBbrcororaH : 1,25 rrr npr 3at4uTbtoT oKnateHuf,BbtBoAoBu HaKo-
10.YcraHoeilreAerar!4B nopfl.qKe,o6parHovr AnrHeBbe3gaL: 5 v (prac.4.5).TaroecoorHo- He.tHuKoBny.tue BceronpuMeHflTbuMe-
CHflTI4IO. ueHne coorBercrayeryuoHy 25%. Kil4UeCf B flpOAaXe TOKOnpOBOAgr4ne
2. llpu orcyrcrBilr raKoronaHAycaMn ynpo- MeAecoAepxa r4ue cMa3Ku,
uleHnolr npoBepKilooflHoqHoroTopMo3ano-
llporepxa r$OerilBrocrf,
craBbreaeroMo6ilru ua poaHora nnou.la,qre.
Put- fleprogrvecrr npoaepnrare HaAexHocrb
qaTnepeKn0geHilfl nepeAaqycraHoBuTe e Hehr- KpenreHilR
6araperHaaerovo6nre,npuHeo6-
flpoaepnrs r$Serrrenocrupa6orur ropMo3- panbHoenonoxeHile, noAHr4MilTe noflHocrblo xoAr4Mocn4 nogrRrreafireero Bo il36exaHre
Hoi crctevutxelarenbHoHa cneuilarbHbtxpbtqaIcroflHoqHoro ropMo3a.Bulta.qrreil3 aBTo- noflBfleHilfl
Tpeu.14HHauoHo6nore.
TopMo3Hbrx creHgax(aHaroril,rHurxnprMeHRe- Mo6unr n nonpo6yrarecABrHfrb ero c Mecra.
uurv ftulSll npunpoBeAeHilr roAoBororexHil- Ecnil eaN43ToyAaflocb,Heo6xogl,ttr,ro
cpo9HooT- Jlonegxurf, coBer
qecKoroocMorpaaerovo6hnefr).B rpariHeu perynilpoBarb npilBoA crofHorrHoroTopMo3a yuenrwenua eu6pa4urt,nepe4arc-
,Q,an
cny9ae opreHTnpoBoqHyro KoMnneKcHylo oqeH- (cv. <PeryrupoBKanprBoAa cronHogHororop- r4uxcf,na uono6nox 6arapeu,u gnn
ry pa6oruropuo:HorichcreMbr MoxHoBbtnor- uo:a>, c. 197). npe4oTBPar4eHuf, noBpexBeHuf, naKo-
Hrrb Ha poaHora ropil3oHTanbHoi nnou.lagre, KpacoqHoro noKpblTufl B clry.lae BHTeKa-
:arpurrorZ Anr ABilxeHrnrpaHcnopra. Xela- Huf gneKTponnra n3 axxynynnropnoil
rerbHo,vro6urnnoqagKa6btnapaBHoMepHo 6arapeu ycraxaenueartrc 6araperc
noKoblTaToHKt4M
cIoeMnecKa. HaKOBpnKUs KnArcTOqOfiKOrt p$UHbt,
OnucaHHyroHyxe npoBepKy MoxHonpoBo- llpr ncnoruroeaHrro6cnyxuaaeuoiarry-
ronbKoHaasrol,4o6ilnnx,
Al4Tb Heo6opygoeaH- vynnropHoi6arapeuHe pexe oAHoropa3a [lpoaogaAonxHbr6urrunprcoe4ilHeHbrKBbr-
HutxABS.Ecnlaeau aerovo6ilnuo6opy4oaaH a 2 Hegerr ygarnrarecyxoi eerouutonbrnb eoAaM6araperco cna6nHoi,TaKKaKHarflxe-
aHrn6rorrpoaoqHoi crcrevora.ro lyrue o6- 14rpr3bc noBepxHocl4 voHo6riorail KpbrurKr4Hre npoBoAoB MoxeTnprBecrnK pacuaTbrBa-
oarrrbcnHaCTO. 6arapera.EcnrHaKpbrrJKecryvaraHo oKa3ancfl Hl4roBbrBoAoB
B KpbrrJKe
il Teqil3reKTpoflilTa.
PasroHrreasrouo6ilnu6eaHarpyaru(a ca- gneKTponhT, yAanrTeero .{rcrol4BeTouJblo, flepuo4rvecru,HepexeogHoropa:ae 2 He-
roHe rorbKoaoArreru)Ha nepeoi nepe4aqe cvoqeHHo14 10%-HurvpacrBopoM HauJarbrpHoro Aenil npoBelnire ypoaexb gneKrponnra
AocKopocril
npilMepHo 15rna/v.PegroHaxvr- cMpra nntt co4u. 3aren,lHacyxonporpilreno- B3reMeHTaX OaTapeil.
TeHane.qarbropMo3a, .rro6ur:a6rorilpoBarb BepxHocrb KpbrurKr4.
llpumeroxne
Y darapeir c o6qefr Ms Bcex tneMeHroB
xpttwxofr , ocHat4eHHofrxongencaropnofi
nonocTbto, AoflycKaeTcf, npoBepgTb ypo-
BeHbtneKrponura oAuH pa3 B 2 uecn4a.

YpoaeHu lneKTponura Bo Bcex 3reMeHTax


AOnxeH6urruua 5-10 r"rr',r
aurLueaepxnerirpov-
Kt4CenapaTopoB,qTo cooTBeTcrByeT Haxoxrqe-
ypoBHrMexgy MerKaMr<MlN>>
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HacreHKenonynpo3paeHoro Kopnyca6arapen.

JlonegHuf, coBer
llpoaepnt ypoBeHb ?neKrponnra HaA
aepxnefi xpouxofi cenaparopoBygo6no
creKngHHort rpydortxofr: onycrure
ee B ?neMeHr Ao ynopa B cenaparop
u, saKpbrBcao6o4nufi xone4 rpy6ovxu
nanbueM, BbtHbTe u3 tneMeHTa.
ypoBHFsneKTporr4Ta
.[nn eoccraHoBneHilfl
Pnc. 4.5. llpoaepxa cronHoqHoro ropMoaa gonraaire roflbKoAr4crilfl
nilpoBaHHylo
BoAy.

E*
;
J TEXHI,TqECKOEOECry)KnBAHnE o 7t
rcrlil ToqHo ycTaHoBneHo, LlTonpillt4Hot4 Ht43-
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To AonhBatTe3neKTponrrroraxe nnorHocrr,
r{Tot4ocraBuiltZcRe aneveHre 6araoer. Eclu
ypoBeHbBbruJeHopMbr,oxa,latrre 3reKTpo-
nilT pe3ilHoBora
rpyuer,r c :6oHilroeurv Haro-
HCqHilKOM.

IlpegynpexgeHne
flonuaart B aKKyMynsropuyto 6araperc
KOH4eHT?U?OBaHHy'C' KuCnOry KaTerO-
pnqecKn 3anpet4aerce!

Ecrr e npoqecce3KcnnyaraLlililnonBr4Ju4cb
3arpyAHeHilfc nycKoMlBrlarenf, npoBepbTe
creneHb 3aprxeHHocru aKKyMynFTopHolr 6a-
Taper no nnoTHocril3neKTpoJrr4Ta ilnil Hanpfl-
xeHilo Ha ee BbrBoAax B HeHarpyxeHHoM co-
(ra6r. 4. 5 ). lnn npoaeprn nrorHocil,l Pxc.4,6. PeryrrpoBKa cBera Oap
cr oflHttt/1
3neKTpOnilTa nonuryttrecuapeoMeTpoMilnh
ilN4eOU_lflMCR B npOAaXenOnIaBKOBbtM r4HAvr-
KaTOpOM nIOTHOCTT4 3neKTpOnUTa. HanpfxeHile
HaBbrBoAax 6arapeuMoxHor43Meprru ro6urv
3auena Srnrrpa o.rlrcrKrr
BOnbTMeTpOM nOCTOflHHOTO rOKa C npeAeflOM
nocrJmaloulefo B GaroH Bo3llyxa
il3MepeHrfl 20 s (noAo6HHiaorurverp BXoAr4r QunurpoqrsrKrnocrynaoulero BcaroHBo3-
B COCTaB BCeXilN/eOU]LlXCf B npOAaXeaBTOTeC- Ayxa pacnonoxeH nog naHerbonpn6opoe
repoe). c npaaoracropoHbr3a BeuleBbrMRU-[4KoM
il cny-
Eclr qeneHu3apflxeHHocril 6arcpen75Vov'nvt xilT ,qnf oqilcrKilBo3AyxaoT KonoTn,nbrrr4,
Huxe,Heo6xogr4rvo cHRTb ee c aerovo6ilrq il :a- r cnoppacreHuir.
nbrnbLlbr
pflAr4rbc noMou1bo3apnAHoro ycrporacaa(cv.
<3apn4raaKKyr\rynrTopHor,r 6araper>, c. 208). Ilpnme.roxre
Ha aatorvo6nnn Opel Astra, o6opygo-
llpoaepxa BaHHbte KoHAnuuo HepoM, ycTaHaBnn Ba-
| 7. o*porareKanorr, Bpaula'perynilpoBoq- lor npocrbrcnpornBonbtneeueQnnorpu,
HbleBr4HTbl, nOflOXeHhe
Orperynr,rpyrare Ha3K- a Ha aaroMo6unu 6es cucreM* KaHAU-
l-lpoeepryr perynrpoBKy
cBeraQaplpo- paHecBeroBoronFrHaAnFKaxAor4Qapbrno fo- 4HoHupoBaHufl- Qnnnpu c yronbHbtM
BOATTe Ha CHapffXeHHOMaBTOMOOr4reot430HTaril... HanonHureneu, llpu 3aMeHe noaufr
(c nonHocTbro3anpaBneHHbrM TouhBHbrM coorBercrBoBarb
Qnnwp AonxeH
6arov, KoMnreKToMr4HcrpyMeHToBr 3anac- no MapKe3aMeHf,eMoMy.
HbtMKOfleCOMr.
Bau norpe6yercrKlrorl-uefiilrpauHrr<Ha6>. Bau norpe6yorcfl:ToprloBanrofloBKa(Ha
1. fipepeaprrenbHonpoBepbrer npr Heo6- 5,5>,rnnqTORX T20.
xoAr4Mocril AoBeA[Te.qo HopMbr AaBneHhe Bo3-
AyxaB urHax.
2. YcraHoeilre asrovo6lanb nepneHAlrKy-
nnpHornapKorZ creHe(Hanpravep,a rapaxe)
Ha paccroffHr4r3 u. flonoxhre Ha cil.qeHbe
BOAilTertR AOnOrtHrlTenbHUttt rpyr VaCCOIZ
75 rr. PasMerureHa creHerKpaH,KaKnoKa3a-
Ho Ha pilc. 4.6. flpogonuHannflocKocrbcr4M-
Merpilr4 aerovo6rnn AonxHa npoxoAr4Tb
no nt HtAtA 0 Ha erpaHe. Ka.rHllreaerovo6!4nu 8. ...u eeprurantt,ecrv pacnoroxeHile cBe-
c6ory, vro6ur caMoycraHoBlrllr4cb npyxr4Hbl TOBbTX nffTeHHeCOOTBeTCTByeT pLrCyHKy.
no[BecoK. 9. Oapur cqilTatorcflorperyn[poBaHHbrMr4,
3. ly':r"lepureHa BaueM aerovo6nle eurcory Kor4aBepxHherpaHilubrresurx qacrei caero-
qeHTpoBQap or nora. 3ro 6y4er paccronHue BblxnflTeH coBnaAaprcrrnnen4,a BeprilKanb-
h Harrpare. Hu'e rvHtAt41 r 2 npoxo4nTqepe3 ro,rrr El eer4eaotZ
1.Orrporare flu.14K
BnaHeflhnpr,r6o-
4. YcraHoailreperynrrop3neKTpoKoppeKTopau E2 nepeceveHilflropil3oHTarbHbrx r,rHaKroH- poB 14tl3BIreKilTeU3 HeTOCbeMHyp nonKy.
ceeraQap Ha naHenhnpu6opoeB noroxeHile, HbtxygacTKoB cBeToBbrxnFTeH.
cooTBeTcrByoulee Hafpy3KeaBroMoorlflRc oA- Ecnu Ha aerolao6rne ycraHoBneHbr npol4-
HflMBo.qilTeneM. BoryMaHHbre Qapur,ro HanpaBneHile ilx nyg-
5. Br.no,lhre6rlaxHrrTrceer. Ka cBera Heo6xo4uvo orperynilpoBarb rorb-
6. PeroueHgyercrperynhpoBarbHanpaBne- K o n o B b r c o r e .B p a q a n p e r y r r p o e o r H s t r , r
Hre cBeroBoronRTHa MR raxgorl $apur e or- arHr, 4o6eirecu, ,rro6ur BepxHre rpaHuLlbl
AerbHocrh.BropyroQapy eo BpeMrperynhpoB- cBeToBblx nflTeHHaxo!ilIt4cb Ha nltHlttt4vnA
rn :arporareHenpo3paqHbtM MaTephaIoM. rlvTbHt4xeee.

Hanpmanre
naiueoi8l(s 12,65 12,45 12,24 12,06 11,80
2. BureepHrre 6onraKpenreHilR
verurpe flult4-
C\enefi
r sapmr€fi
Hognr,% tfi) 75 50 25 0 n0ilooooB.
KaKnaHeJtt4
76 Oopel AsrRA
/. ...t4cHtAMVre
KpbrrxKy, ynpy-
npeoAoneBan
Toe conpol4BreHileee Qurcaropoe BBepxy
t4BHIA3V.

llpnrnelonre

(uroropHoe
1.fleur gaepela vacro)
3. lzl:ererrareil3 rHe3AaB creHKeBeu.leBoro
nqrra ua$oH ocBeuleHilfl ...

Tax pacnonoxenu Qnxcaropbt Kpenne-


Hnl KpbtwKuQun*pa oqucrKnnocryna-
rcqero B canoHBo3Ayxa.

2. flareq r MexaHrl3MorpaHhqhrennorKpbl
ABepil(cruilronoaaRcna:ra).
BaHilff
4. ...orcoe.qrHl,lre
or uaQoHaKonoAKy
xryra
npoBo,qoBil cH14N4ilTe
ero.

8. lzl:ererfireQrrurp 13 rHe3Aa
B Kopnyce
oTonilTerfl,HeN4Horo eToil cMe-
AeQopMr,4poBaB
c T t 4 BB H t 4 3 .

Ilpegynpe)K4eHrre
3anouunre opneHra4u,o Qnnwpa
B rHei4e Kopnycaoronnrens, wo6u yc-
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3. 3avrr gaepelr
5. lzl:ererilre eeqeeoraflu.il4K
h3 npoeMana-
Herr npu6opoe. llpnalevoxne

.D
a \-
fr
4. ...ranora (crrilroHoaaq cMa3KaB alpo-
O6parnre BHnMaHueHa MapKnpoBKy
6. Yepe:npoeMB naHenrnpu6opoB,orKpbtB- qro6tr npuo6pecrn ra- :orurorl ynaroare)...
uilircq nocre cHFThflBeqeBofoffulnKa,BbrBep- Qun*pa,
xoi xe noaui Qnnwp.
Hilre rpil 6orra rpenreHhfl KpburKrlQmurpa
oqilCrKr4nocrynapqeroB caJroH Bo3Ayxa... 9. VcraHoailre
AeranrB ropFAKe,
o6parHov
cHRTt4lO.

lrn yaernverrffcpoKa cryx6urKy3oBa cMa-


ruraal4re
TpyrJ.lrecn
Aeranrnpil KaxAoM TexHil-
recKoMo6cryxnaauun(He pexe qeMlrepe3
15000 rv npo6eravtrttAoEtAHpa: a roA).tlpra
noflBJteHilLr
cKpilnoB,:aegaunlacpa3yoqhcT/Te
cooTBeTcTBytou.lile
AeTanrl,a 3aTeMHaHecflTe
cva:ry(rrn cMa3Kh yKa3aHa cro6rax).
KyroeuyxHocMa3brBarb Bcne4you1r4xroqKax. 5 . . . . r g a e p r 3 a A K (ac h n r K o H o e ac R
va:ra).
TEXHITIECKOE OECJIY)KXBAHr|E O 77
l. ...araKxe B ABepil3aAKa

llpnnreuonne

6. l-lmuugp BbrK;lloqarenr
3aMKa nepefqHeil 11.flernraABepil3aAKa(voroproe r,tacao).
Eaepr (cilrilroHoBaFcMa3Kaa a r p O r O l U l O t t
ynaKoBKe ).
fl,penaxnete orBepcrnf,I noporax nona
3aKpbtrbrp$nHoBbtMu3arnywxauu. l7e-
pnoqnqecKuaunnuahre ux Ar,f, aMBa
KoHAeHcaran BoAb,,cnyuaiuo nonaB-
wefr a nonocru noporoB. T
BTOPOE TEXHITIECKOE
oECrry)KrrBAHlrE (To- 2)
12.Pe:rHoesre paeper,r
ynnorHrrenil r npo
eva 6araxuura(cilrilroHoaafl
cMa3Ka
B alpo 3amena $rnrrpyruulero
ynaroare).
:oruHora trrerf, eHTa Bolf,yurHoro $nnrrpa
7. flernu (chrilronosancN/a3Ka
B aspo3onb- LOmacHo peKoMeHAa url143aBola-il3roToB|4Te-
u o r ay n a r o a r e ) . . . TbQrlurpyoLLlrra3reN/eHT
rrfl3aN4eHfl -
Bo3AyLrHo
llporncrra
ro QmurpacneAyer vepe:3 roAalKcrnyarallur4
flpcHax(Hrrlx oreepcrri
ilnl qepe330 rurc.rv npo6era(e :aehcrvocrra
Bo apevn3KcnnyaraUr14 B norocrffxnoporoB, oT TOTO,rlIO HaCryn/I paHbLl]eJ.
Aaepet/ il KpbrrllKe
6araxHnra cKanlilBaercfl
Brafa, Bbr3brBaoqaeKoppo3r4ro.lln ygalelrn
llonegxurfi coBer
Bnarr cnyxarApeHaxHbre oTBepcTrfl,pacnono- Ilpu arcnnyara4nu aarouo6nna B yap-
XeHHblecHrl3ynoporoB,geepettt/ B KpblUJKe Buf,xnoBbrwenuoi zanunenHocruBo3Ay-
6araxHnra(4eepraragra). Ouu nocronHHo:a- xa (uanpuuep, B KpynHoMropoge) pexo-
6Ltsaorcs rpn3bro, nosrotvy
_npoqhulaiTe MeHAyeMsaMeHf,rbQnnwpytor4ufi ne-
ux npu KaXAof,4 TexHrqecKoM oocnyx/BaH/Ll MeHrqat4e- uepez20 rotc.xu npo6era,
(repe: raxgsre20 000 rv npo6era).[1pnrrc-
nnyaraq/taaBToMo6ilnflHarpocenoqHbrx Aopo- Bav norpe6yercn orBeprKa
c rpecroo6pa:-
lry onepaurlroqaule.
rax npoBoAilTe H b I MI I E 3 B N C M .
8....rau1erry..
lloneenuf, coBer
llpotuqafirc ApeHaxHbteorBepcruf,ne-
peg mofixofi aarouodnns.

Bav norpe6yercn
orBeprKa
tanta
roHKaF
Aepe-
B f l H H A f lN A I O q K A .

1.BureepHrre qerbrpe
BrHTaKpenneHr4fl
Bepx-
HetarpurLurn KopnycaBo3AyLx
HoroQr,rn
urpa...
9. ...r npegoxpaurreluHurra
Kpor.ioK
Kanora
(NroropHoe vacro). llprmeqqxne

1. flpovncrmreApeHaxHbreorBepcl4fl B ne-
peAHLrx il 3a.qHfix
ABepfx...

Tax pacnonoKeHu BUHTil KpenneHnl


10.LIJapHnp
HapyxHoro3epKana(crrurouo- KpuwKn BuAywHoro Qnnorpa (xonogxa
BaR
cN/a3Ka ynaroere).
e alpo:orurora
78 O OPEL ASTRA
)KryTa npoBoAoB EaTqnKa MaccoBoro 5. flpoeepure
KpyrnbrM 3a3opN/exAy
r.UynoM lne-
pacxo4a Bo34yxa Me Harnf,AHocTnoTco- 1,0-1,1VrVr.
CBeq/.0H [OnXeH COClaBtrflTb
KTpO,qaMil
e4nHeHa).

1.Curvnre N4oAynb 3axhTaHilfl (cv. <Crnrne


il yCIaHOBKa N/OAynfl nxv'raav'n>,c.221).
2. npogyr/recBegHbre KonoAubr cxarbrMBo3-
A y x o M , , r T o 6 b rh 3 6 e x a T bn o n a , q a H i lrf p
l n3k1
l. ...nOAHt/Mt/tTe KpblLlJKy 1,4 ll3BIeKhTe |z13 KOp' B r_.{t/1nhHAp ABrlrarenflnph BbrBopaqhBaHhLl 6. Ecllrraroporlr.iaercfl or yKa3aHHoro
3Ha-
n y c a Q i l n b T p aQ r r u r p y o r q n r z l r e N , 4 e H T . cBeqr. LieHnR, ero,nogrn6aR
orperyn,4py,4re 6oroso/
rneKrpoA.
flpe4ynpe)K,qeHl,te
Perynnpyire sa3op ronbKo nogru6auw-
eM 6oxoeoro ?neKrpoqa.Ilro6on usrn6
4eHTpanbHoro9neKTpoAa npnBeAeT
K nonoMKeh3onqTopacBeqn.
7.flpr ycrauoare 3axuraHrF
caeqer,l BBepHr-
re hxcHaqara (6e:aopoKa),a 3areM
pyror,r 3a-
TflHilTE K'IIOI]ON/.

3auena peuHr rrprrBofla


3. OcllorpnreQrrurpyoqura uel,reHr.[1po- 3 . B u r e e p H cr raee r y . . BGnOilOf af peraroB
aTe'|bHbl)(
gyrareero cxaTbrN/Bo3EyxoM. Crruro 3afpfl3-
Herrurrir
Qmurpyoqrra lrreMeHT 3aMeHhre. PeveuunplraogaBcnoMofarerbHbrx arperaroB
4. EcrtvtHeo6xo4rvo, yAanhrenbnb L4rpfl3b HaBCeX ABilraTeflfXCH,1MaOT nptlt/epH00Al/HaKOBbr-
-
h3 KopnycaBo3AyLxHoro $ururpa. i,4/llt
np/eN/aN/r. lzlcrrto,reFrileABrfarerb714 XEP,
5 V r r e u n p r r r-o ryh. ,u. ,n, rT p y l O L ! l . 1 r l l I e N i l e H l AnecHFrl4f peN/Hf KOTOpOTO rpe6yercn cneul/anbHoe
r KpbrrxKy
Kopnyca
Bo3AyurHofo
Qnrurpaa no- np/cnoco6reHile, a raKxe Heo6xoAl4M AeMoHTax
pnlre,o6parHoN/
cHRTu
ro. npaBot/ onopbrnoABecKLl crlroBofoarpeTaTa.
!ln :aveuurpeN/Hfl nprBofqaBcnoN,4oTarerb-
llpnanevonnn HbrxarperaroB.qB/rarenn Z 16 XERBbruorH/re
cneAyloqee.
Bav norpe6yercnKrro,it,lnilTopqoBanrono-
B K a( H a 1 9 ) .
1.CHrvrre npaBoenepeAHee Koreco.
4. ...Vlt43BteKUTeee il3 CBeqHOTO
KOIOEUa 2. Cr,v't'ttnenpaeurh6pur:roanr EBrltareln
(cv. <CHqvleI ycraHoBKa 6pur:roerroen ra-
l'lpnnreroxrae llr,lrbrKaprepaAsrrarern), c. 89).

O6parnre BHnMaHt4e Ha MapKupoBKy


Qnnarpyrc4ero zneMeHra,Hosav ane-
menr npno6perairre c raxoi xG MapKn- Ocuorpnre cBe.ty n oqeHure ee cocros-
poBKoit. Hne no BHeuHeMy eugy (oo. KAnarHoc-
(Dunrrpytouqwfineuenr hMeer npsMo- rt4KacocTof,HuflABnraTeng no BHewHeMy
yronbHyto Qopuy, caorBercrBytouly,o engy ceeuei saxnranusv, c. 45).
Qopme KopnycaBo3AyuHoroQnnarpa, 3. IoeepHnre Kr]toqoN/npor/B qacosor,l
no,ToMyHenpaBnnbHag ycTaHoBKa)ne- cTpenKhponrK HarFXHoroycrporacrsa
!o oc-
MeHTa UCKnpqeHa. peMHF...
na6reHrsHarFXeHt,tfl

llpnme.ronne
3amena n oScrryrrKxBauxe
cBerteil 3atKnfaHrn
Barr,l norpe6yercffcneqharbHbrtr Kntog(Ha 16)
ArF BbrBOpaeilBaHilR CBeyer4 3axilraHilff(c pe-
3f1HoBor4 BTynKorZAnffyAepxrBaHilflcBerr).
Ceerr, npuveHffeN/bte Ha ABhTarelflxaBTo-
rr,ro6r,rneri Opel Astra nepeqhcneHbt B npilnoxe-
u u u 6 . 3 a : o p v e x 4 y 3 n e K r p o A a Mcr B e L r e t
1 , 0 - 1 ,v1v .
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7 TEXH]ITIECKOEOEC'IY)KIIBAHIIE O 79
I Tax pacnonoxeH Ha Kopnyce Harsruoro 3. floaepHure KrtoHoMnporr4BqacoBot 5. flpoeepurre(oneHqarbr4 Bar Harpr non-
I
ycrpoicrB a ABeHaAUarn rp a HHn KAn s no- crpenKil ponilK HarFXHofo ycTpor,4cTBaHbrxooopoTa,qTooblpeN4eHb nprBoAaBcnoMo-
i BOpOTaHaTilKHOTO pOnUKa. 3a LleHrpanbHurra 6orr A (pnc. 4.7) Ao ocna6- raTerbHbrx arperaToB34HflflnpaBilnbHoe toJto-
I
I
fleHrF HaTflXeHhF peMHfl,CHr4Mr/Te peMeHb X E H h C H AU K / B A X .
!
npilBoAa BcnoMoTaTerbHbrx arpefaToB lrR :aveHurpeN,rHr npilBoEaBcroMorarerb-
c HaTflxHotoponilKa r nofiHocTbtot43BfleKilTe HblxaTperaroBABIrarenflz 14 XEP BbrnorHrre
oeMeHb. cneAytoulee.
4. VcraHoerreHoBbripeN/eHb npilBoAaBcno- 1.CHrvrre npaBoenepegHee Koreco.
MorareubHbrx arperaroBB nopFAKe, o6paruou 2. CHuvrre npaBbu46punroararABhrarerfl
cHFT14lO. (cla. <Cnnrreil ycraHoBKa 6pur:roerroar :a-
5. llpoeepHnreKoneHL.iarbrZ BarrHarpil non- r!ilrbr KapTepa ABilraTenf)),c. 89).
Hbrxo6opora, ,rro6brpeMeHbnpr4BoAa BcnoMo- 3. Curvrre eo:gyurHurra Qranurp(cv. <CHn-
faTerbHbtxarperaToB3aHflnnpaBilnbHoenoro- rile 14ycraHoBKa Bo3.qyuJHoro QilnbTpal,1Bo3Ay-
XEHTCHAUKNBAX. x o B o E a )c, . u J l .
,[ln :aveHutpeMHR nprlBoAaBcnoN/orarerb- 4. Cruuure npaByo onopy noABecKt'I cvtro-
4. ...CHr,lMrTe peMeHbnpilBoAaBcnoMoTa HblxarperaroB[Bilrarenei Z 20 LERnZ20LEH BOrOarperara(0r,r.<3avera onop noABecKn cr4-
TerbHbrx arperaToBc HaTFXHofo ponhKa... BbrnorHilTe cneAyoqee. roBoro arperara),c. 90).
1.CHrurre npaBoenepeAHee Koreco. 5. lzlcnons:yn cneuilanbHoe npilcnoco6neHre
2. Cnuutrte npaBbrrZ 6pur:roelrr ABilrarenfl 2 (pv'c.4.9) KM-955-2 oroxvrre HarqxHor4
(cla. <CHnrrae ta ycraHoBKa6purs.roarroar ra- pon|,4K B HanpaBreHhh, noKa3aHHoM cTpenKot,
u.I4Tbr KaprepaABilfarenfl),c. 89). AO Ocna6neHilfl HaTfXeHhfpeN4Hfl 143aorKcr-
3. loaepHure Kror]oM no qacoaor4crpenKe pyrareero B SroMnonoxeHilr4,cH14MilTe peMeHb
por r4KHarRXHoroycrpoircrBa3a qeHrpanbHbrrl npt4BoAa BcnoMorarerbHbrx arpefaroBc HaTflx-
6orr A (pr,rc.4.8) go ocra6reuufl HarflxeHile HOrOpOIilKail nOTHOCTbTO r43BIreKhTepeMeHb.
peMHfr,cHr4r\4r4Te peMeHbnpilBo,qaBcnoMora- 6. VcraHoehre HoBbn4 peMeHb nprBoAaBcno-
TelbHbtxarperaToBc HaTflxHoTo pon/Ka il non- MOraTeIbHblX arperaToBt1 BCeCHFTble AeTanr,
HOCTbIO t43BreKrTe DeMeHb B nopfAKe,o6paTHoM cHflTr4lo.
4. VcraHoeilreHoeurra peueHunpilBogaBcno- 7. CHuvure cnellilarbHoe npilcnoco6neHre
N/orarerbHbrx arperaroBB nopflAKe,o6parHoN/ KM-955-2 il npoBepHureKoreHHarbrtlBaJr
cHflTt4to. HaTpr norHbrxo6opoTa,ero6brpeN/eHb np/Bo-
5. ...il nol|HOCTbIO
t43BIeKilTe
0eMeHb Aa BCnOMOfaTeJrbHblx arperaToB3aHFnnpa-
6. VcraHoahre peveHunpilBoAaBcnoi,lo-
Hoaurri BrIbHOenoroxeHileHaulKrBax.
larenbHbrx arperaroB
BnopRAKe, o6parHoucHrrro.
7. llpoeepHureroreH,]aruri Ban Ha rpll ron-
Hbrxo6opora,ero6brpeNreHb
3amena peuHq rrprrBof,a
nprBoAaBcnoMo-
f a3opacnpenel [Terr bHof o
raTelbHbtx arperaToB3aHflIr
npaBhJlbHoe nono-
ilexaH[3ilra f,B]|faterer
XCHNC HAUK/BAX.
z t6 xER, z {8 xER, Z 2(t LER
,[rn :aveHurpeMHR nprBoAaBcnoMorarerb-
||Z2(lLEH
HbrxarperaroBABilrarennZ 18 XER BbrnorHilre
cneAyloqee. I a3opacnpeAeflilTeIlbHbll,l MeXaH!43|V ABil raTe-
nen Z 16 XER,Z 18 XER,Z 20 LERn Z 20 LEHnpr-
BOAr4rCfl :y6varuru pe3rHoBbrM ap[/l4poBaHHbrM
pei/HeM,a ABilfarerflz 14 XEP- qenbo.3aMeHa
peMHflnp[BoAara3opacnpeAerilTerbHofo Mexa-
H/3Ma OTHOCT4TCF K pernaMeHrHbilV pa6OTaMTeX-
H/qecKoroo6cnyxilBaH/flr onilcaHaB AaHHoM
noApa3,qene. l-lenu:aveHnor npl4TeKyu]eM l4nh
KanilTatrbHor\,4 peMoHTe ABl4raTeflg B cryqaeHeo6-
xoAl/Mocril,no3ToMy pa6oTano ee3aMeHe on!4ca-
Pxc. 4.8. Gxnrraepeuxr npxBoAa BcnoMorarerb- Ha B pa3A.12 <0co6eHHocrh il pe-
KoHcrpyKLil,il4
Hbfx arperaroB gaurareaei Z 20 LER n Z 20 LEHI MOHTa ABil[arefln>, C.288.
A - UeHrparuHuri6o.nr HarqxHoro ponilKa Comacro peKoMeHAaqilil 3aBoAa-il3roroBl4-
TenflpeMeHbnpnBoAara3opacnpeAenrrerrbHo-
2 3 fo N/exaHr3Ma Heo6xoAr4Mo 3aMeHflTb qepe3
150rurc.KMnpo6era.PeverunpilBoAara3opac-
npeAelnTeIbHoTo MexaHll3M4 3aMeHROT 14BTOM
cnyrae,ecnn npr ocMoTpeBbro6Hapyxr4Te:
- cneAbrMacnaHanlo6oi noeepxHocru pevun;
- cneAbrrrroca :y6varoranoaepxHocru, rpe-
rl]rlHbr,no.qpe3bl,cKraAKr t4 oTcrroeH/eTKaHil
oT pe3/Hbr;
- Tpeu.[4Hbr, cKna,qKil, yfnyoneHuflr4nr4Bbr-
nyKlrocTr4 Ha HapyxHoi noBepxHocTh peMHfl;
- pa3noxN4a9ilBa1t/1e VrV paCCnOeHhe Harop-
l_loBbrx noBepxHocTRX peMHF.
Pnc. 4,7. Crcrne peMHr npxBoAa BcnoMora-
TerbHbrx arperaroB ABrrarenq Z 1 I XER: A - qeH- llpegynpexgeHxe
TpanbHbrt60rr HarqxHoro ponuKa
Peuent co cne4aMu MoropHoro Macna
na np6oi ero noBepxHocru nago o6n-
3arenbHo 3aMeHurb, TaKKaK Macno 6bt-
1.CHrvrrenpaBoe nepe.qHee
KoJteco. Pxc. 4.9. Cxcrre peMxs nprBoAa BcnoMora-
crpo pa3pywaer pe3uHy. Ilpnuuny no-
2. CavutnenpaeurrZ6purrroaurABhrarenn TerbHbfx arperaroB ABrrarens Z 14 XEP: 1,
3 - 6onrbf KpenneHr4qHarexHoro ponura;2 - npu- fla$aHus Macna Ha peMeHb (o6uuno ato
(ct,t.<CHnrre
I ycraHoBKa
6pulrroerroe
r aa- cnoco6neHileKM-955-2gnq ocna6rernq xarqxNoro HapyweHne repMeTu.tHocTu canbHnKoB
rl1r4rbr geurarern>,
Kaprepa c. 89). ycrpoicrBa
ao .) OPEL ASTRA
KoneHqaToro n pacnpeAennTenbHb,x Ba- porlt4-
HarflxHoTo
6onrKpenreHtafl
11,Buraepurare
noB) HaAo ycrpaHnTb HeMeAneHHo. KapeN4Hfl
nprBOlaBcnoMo[aTelbHblx
arperaroB...

llpnnrrevoxr,re
Pa6oty npoBoAure na cmorpoeoit xaua-
Be, tcTaKaAe nnn no go3Mo)t(Hocru
Ha no4beMHnKe.

!rR raveHurpeN/Hn np!4BoAa ra3opacnpeAe-


rurerbHoro MexaHta3r\,4a trB/rarerfl Z 16 XER
BbrnolrHr,.1Te cneAy|ou_.{ee.
Bav norpe6yorcfl:Klroel4TORX E14, E18,
T50,rloq-Luecr/rpaHHrlK <ra 6>,ropqoaanro- peMeHbHeArfl 3aMeHbr,
8. EcrrrrcHr,rvaere no-
t o s K a( H a1 1 ) . MerbreQtoN4acTepoM HanpaBneHile[BrlxeHrfr
1. CHrvrre peMeHbnprBoAaBcnol,4orarerb- peMHflnp/ pa6oregarrarers, qro6urHeil3[,4eHr1rb
HbrxarperaroB(cv. <3avera peMHflnpilBoAa lro HanpaBreHtae ycraHoBKe.
nprao6paruora 12....tr,cnuxluteponnK.
BcnoMoTarerbHurx arperaroa>,
c. 78).
l'lpnanevoxne
jy6w peunn npuBoAa ra3opacnpe,1enu-
renbHoro MexaHu3Ma npnpaqarueantcn
x zy6uaraw wKnBaM KoneHqaroro n pac-
npe4ennTeflbHbtx BanoB o4HocropoHHe.
14smenenne HanpaBneHns ABnxeHng
peMHe npngeAeT K efo ycKopeHHoMyn3-
Hocy u3-3a noaropuori npnpa6orxu.

13.Buraeprrre verurpe Htl-


6orraKpenreHhR
2. ,[rn o6lerveHilflAocryracHrlMflreBo3- xlel,t rputtlrr nprlBoAa la3opacnpeAenuTenb-
gyunurr,r (cv.<Cunfure
Qrarurp il ycraHoBKaBo3- H O I OM e X a H / 3 N / 4 . . .
AyuHoro Qmurpail Bo3AyxoBoga>, c.123).
3. CuuurrenpaBoe nepeAHee Kofleco.
4. CuuH,tnrenpasurr/ 6pur:roenr ABnrarenfl
(cu. <Cunueh ycraHoBKa 6pur:roelrroar :a-
ull,lTbr
Kaprepa4enrarern>, c. 89).
5.VcraHosilrenopueHb 1-roqnnnH.qpa a no-
loxeHre BMTrarra cxarrn (cv. <VcraHoaKa 9. BuraepHnre urKilBa
6orr rpenreHufl KoreH
nopu.lHflnepBoroqrnuHEpa a noroxeFrile BMT 9 a T O r OB a I a . . .
rarracxarrR>. c. 92).

Kpbu.rKy.
14....n cavLr.r,ttte

10....r,1 urKr4B.
cHr,rvure
Jlonegxuri coBer
6. BuraepHnre4ea 6orra KpenneH/ff
nepe!- 6ont xpennenut wKnBa KoneHqaroro Ba- 15.Ocra6ure3arflxKy6orrarpeueHrlnnpo-
Herarpururr nphBoAara3opacnpe[enilTerbHo- na 3arf,Hyr oqeno dontwuM MoMeHToM, ponrlKa,
MexyToLtHoro HocoBceN/eToHeBbrBo-
ro MexaHil3Ma... Ann roro uro6u zaQuxcupoBarb KoneH-
pavra
aatare.
qatilfi aan or npoBopaqnBaHug, BKnroqu-
A
re V nepe4auy u HilKMnre Ha ne4anb rop-
uosa (aro gonxeH c4enarb noMoqnux).

7. ...ttcnuvureKpbtulKy.
TEXII]IqECKOE OECNY)Kr|BAHNE O 8I
16.Ocra6ureHarrxeHrepeMHR npuBoga ra- .,.u npoMexwo,tHbtu ponnKu, TaK KaK e nonoxeHile
nopurHrnepBoroLlunilH.qpa BMT
3opacnpeAenilTenbHoro MexaHil3Ma,Anfl gero ux peqpc yxe cHuxeH u npu ycfaHoBKe TaKTa
cxarrn),c.300).
KJror{oMA noeepHure crpen- npexHux ponuKoB qepeBcpaBHurenbHo
ponilKno vacoeora
Ke .qo ynopa,npeoAoneBafl conpoTilBneHilexoporxni npome,rr(yroK BpeMeHnMoxer
npyxr4HbrponilKa... norpe6oeartcn noBropHaepasdopxagnn
nx girueHbt.llouuuo troro BenuKpncK
paspyueHuf, gonro padoraBwux ponu-
Kax, .tro nPuBeqer K aaapnfinofi nonoM-
Ke ABnrarenf,. Cngrue npoMexytoqHoro
ponuKa onucaHo Bb,ue B AaHHoMnoA-
pa3Aene(cm.nn. 15-17)...

17....a :areu, y.qepxilBaffrarnxHor,rponrr


B 3TOM noroxeHilil,BbrBepHnTe 0orr Kpenne-
HilgnpoMexyroqHofo pojlilKail cH14MvrTe
eTo.

Prc. 4.1O. Cxsrlre nepeAHetr KpbluKl,t npuBoAa


ra3opacnpeAelrrerbHoro MexaHr3Ma .qBllrare-
nq Z 18 XER: 1 - nepeAHcaKpbruKanpuBoAara3o-
..,Atrf, cHf,Tuf, Haff,xHoro ponuKa BbtBep- pacnpeAen[TenbHoro MexaH]43Ma; 2 - 6orru rpen-
uure 6ont ero KpenneHuf,. neH14enepeAHei Kpbil.!Kr4

20. YcraHoerre ponlrKr4,ecrvl tAxcHilMaril,


B nopf.qKe,o6parHov cHrn4lo. rpr 6onra2 (puc.4.10)Kpenne-
6. BuraepHure
21. flpoaepure coBnageHileycraHoBoeHbrxHUrnepegHerrr 1 npuaogara3opacnpeEe-
Kpbrr.UKr4
MeTOK KOneHqaTOrOil pacnpeAenilTenbHblx Ba- JrilTeflbHoro il cHr4MilTe
MexaHil3Ma KpbrurKy.
noe (cv. <YcraHoeKanopurHfnepBoroqilnrH,q- cHruaerepeMeHb
7. Ecrr,l HeAnR3aMeHbl,no-
18.CHuvure peMeHb c:y6varorouKnBaKo- pa B nonoxeHileBMTrarra cxarun>, c. 92). uerureQrovacrepoM HanpaBreHre ABilxeHilfl
I e H q a T o T oB a f i a . . . 22. HaAeHurepeMeHbHa:y6varuttauiKr4B Ko- peMHF npr pa6oreganrarern,qro6utHen3Me-
reHqaroroeara. 3aee4rre Begyu-lyroBerBb peM- Hr4Tb 3TOHanpaBIeHile ycraHoBKe.
npr,ro6parHora
He3anpoMexyroqHula ponnKr, HarFHyB ee, Ha-
AeHbTeHa uKrlBbrpacnpeAeIilTeIbHbrx BanoB. llprmevonne
3aaeA/re 3a,qHtotoBerBb peMHflga HarRxHota 3y6n peunn npnBoAarasopacnpeAenn-
ponrK,npeABaphrenbHo noBepHyB ero no qaco- TenbHoro MexaHrc Ma np upa6ann a prcn
eol,tcrpenrego ynopa(cv. n. 16). xaydtattm wKuBaMKoneH.taroro u pac-
npeAennTenbHb,xBanoB oAHocTopoHHe.
llprmeroxre l/lsuenenue HanpaBneHueABuxeHng
Ilocne npeKpaueHus sozAertctaus peMHf,npnBeAer K ero ycKopeHHoMyu3-
na nanxxoit ponnK oH noA Aeilcreneut Hocyus-3a nonropxort npupa6orxu,
npyxuHbt npnMer neodxoAnnoe Anf,
HopManbHoroHaTgxeHns peMHfl nono- HarnxrorlponilKpeMHn
8. Cur,rrurre npilBoAa
xeHue, BcnoMofarerbHbrx arperaroB,BblBepHyBoonr
rgererrTe peMeHb
19,...14 npilBoAara3opac- a (cv. puc.4.8)eroKpenneHilF.
npeAeJthTeIbHoroMexaHfi
3Ma. 23.BaeoHnre BxBocroBr4K Bara
KoreHraroro
6orr rpenneHrfluKr4Ba KoneH-
il npoBepHilTe 1 2 3 4
llonesHurf, coBer varurrlsar Hagaa o6opora,qro6utHarRxHoti
flpu xaxgofi saueHepeMHf,npuBoAa ra- ponilKooecneqilrHoMilHaIbHoe HaTFXeHile
3opacnpeAenuTenbHoro MexaHu3Ma3a- peMHfl.
t 24. llpoeepure coBna.qeHileycraHoBoqHbrx
uensfrte...
I
N4eTOK KOfleHqaTOrOil pacnpeAerilTerbHblx Ba-
tl roe. flpu HecoBnaAeHhu noBropilre ycraHoBKy
t OCMHR.
25. VfiaHoeilre Bce paHee cHFTbre .qeraril
- B nooe.qoBarerbHocn4, o6parHotacHFn4ro.
j
j ,[rn :aveHsr peMHnnprBoga ra3opacnpeAe-
I rilTerbHoro MexaHr3MaABrrareflRZ 18 XER
BbrnojrHLlTe cneAyloqee.
I'
1. Cur,rvnrepeMeHbnpilBoAaBcnoMorarerb-
HbrxarperaroB (cu. <3auesa peMHFnprBo,qa
,..ero HaTf,xHon... BcnoMorarelrbHbrx arperaroB),c. 78 ).
2. ,[nn o6nerveHrg Aocryna cHilr\lrlTeBo3-
AyuHurra $ranurp(cv. <CHsrueh ycraHoBKa Bo3-
AyurHofoQrnurpa r Bo3AyxoBoAa>, c. 123).
3. CHrurnrenpaBoenepeAHeeKoneco. Pnc. 4.11. Cxsrue urKr,rBaKoteHqaroro Bata
4. CHrvure npaaurrl6putrroanr ABilrarenr u nuxxei KpbrurKr,rnp[EoAa raeopacnpegenu--"
(cu. <Cnnrren ycraHoBKa 6putlroeuroen ra- TenbHoro MexaHr3Ma aBrtrarenq Z 18 XER:
1 - HuxHcc KpbrujKanpnBoA,ara3opacnpeBenxrenb-
ltlr4rbrKaprepaAeilrarenf), c. 89). Horo MexaHh3Mai2 - 6ont KpenreHt4eHl4xHei
, 5. VcraHoehre nopueHb1-roqunnHgpaa no- Kpbr.rKr4;3 - 6onr KpenneHrn urKhBaKoreH'{aroro
I noxeHile BMT rarra cxarrfl (ct'rt.<YcraHoeKa Bata: 4 - ulKhBKoreHqaroro BEua
I
82 OoPELASTRA
9. BureepHrre6onr3 (prac. 4.11)rpenleuran 22. Ocra6urerarnxry 6onra 2 (cv. pr,rc.4.13)
urruea4 KoreHHaroro Barail cH14Ml4TeuKhB. KpenJteHilR HaTflxHofoponhKail yTo9Hr/Te cre-
10. BureepHrre 6onr 2 rpenreHrRHrxuei neHb HarFXeHrrpeMHn(cv. n. 19 B [aHHoM
KpbrrxKl41 ra3opacnpe.qerrrerbHoroMexa Hr13- noApa3Aene/.
Man cHuMnTe KpbrrxKy. 23. YcraHoarre Bce paHee cHflTbreAerarll
11.OrcoeArHnre or roJtoBKr46rora qrrrHA- B noclleAoBaTeIbHocTl,l, o6parHotacHflTilto.
poBAarHilK Qa:ur2 (puc.4.12),BbrBepHyB ABa flopngor Aencravvnpr 3aMeHepeMHflnpr-
oonTaefo KDenreHilF. BOAa ra3OpacnpeAenilTenbHoTo MexaHil3Ma
12. YcraxoaurenoA ABilrarenbHaAexHyto genrarenera Z 20 tER u720LEH nphHr.lilnnanb-
onopy. HO He OTnilqaeTCfl OT nopfl,qKapettCraUnnpV
13.CHlrvrrenpaByoonopy1 (cu. prr,c. 4.12) aHafion4qHoipa6ore ua ABrfarere Z 18 XER,
noABecKrl cr4roBofoarpefaTa,BbtBepHyB Tprl HOrMeeTCfleAynulre oTltvtvfl.
6onra3 eeKpenneHilflK.qBilTarero n rpn 6onra 1. Harnxuoriporrr 1 (puc.4.15)peMHrnpil-
4 rpenneHnn KKy3oBy. BOAaBCnOMOfaTerbHbrx arperaToBnprKpenneH
14.Ocna6ure peMHF
HarflxeHile npilBogafa- AByMn6onraMil2.
3opacnpeAenhTerbHofo MexaHh3Ma, AnRLlefo 2. Ulrila 2 (prric.4.16)KoneHqaroro Bananpu-
ocra6ure3arFXKy 6ona 2 (pr,rc.4.'13)Kpenne- KpenneH qerbrpbMfl 6orraur 3.,Qrnero cHnrrn
HilFHaTflXHOTO ponilKa,r noBopaqrBattre po- Heo6xoAr4Mo BbrBepHyrb 3Tr 6onrbr KnoqoM1,
Jlr4K
KlrogoM 3 nporue,lacoeorl crpenKrAo rex Puc. 4.14, Yxasarens peryrtripoBo{Horo ysna yAepxrBan KoneHqaTb[z Ban or npoBopaenBa-
nop,noKayKa3arenb 2 (pv'c.4.14) HarsxHoro HaTcxHoro porl4Ka npxBoAa ra3opacnpeAenr4- Hl4FTopqoBolzronoBKoi l4llil HaKhAHbrM Klro-
ycrpolrcrea He ycraHoBr4Tcna rpaiHeeleeoe TerbHoro MexaHr3Ma AB[rarenr Z 18 XER: 5 - '.loM4.
yKa3aTeng nph ycTaHoBKeHoBoro peMHF;
noJroxeHile.3arRHrre 6orr roenleHuflHarFX- nonoxeHue
-
3. frn cHnrrn HilxHefi KpbrurKr4 1 (puc. 4.17)
A noroxeHne yKa3arenc nph ycraHoBKe peMHq,
HOTOOOIL1KA. npl4BoAara3opacnpeAenilTerbHoTo MexaHfi 3Ma
6brB[uero B gKcnnyaraqilh; 1 - MerKa Arc KoHTpong
15.CHlrvrrepeMeHb
c :y6rarorouKrBaKo- HarqxeHhg nph ycraHoBKe peMHF, 6btBuero B oKc- Heo6xoAr4Mo BbrBepHyrb gea 6olra 2 ee rpen-
IeHgaTOrO peMeHb
BaIran U3BIeKrTe npflBoAa nnyaraqru; 2 - yxasareru peryn!4poBoqHoro y3na; IEHilF.
fa3opacnpeAenhTefl
bHoTo MexaHil3Ma. 3 - naerra 4rt9 KoHTponq HargxeHhg npr ycraHoBKe 4. Vra:arenuperynilpoBogHoroy3naHarflx-
HOBOTO peMH9 HoroponilKavoxer 6urruB,qByxBapilaHTax
uc-
norHeHrfl. A (prac.
flpr aapuaHre 4.18)Annpe-
HarrxeHilrpeMHfl
rynilpoBKr4 HarRXHoi ponilK
Jloaernui coBer
llpn xaxgofi zaueHepeMHf,npuBoAara-
3opacnpeAenuTenbHoroMexaHu3Ma3a-
MeHf,fiTeero HarilKHofi u npouexytou-
HHfr ponuKu, a rap,e eo4nnort nacoc
(utrue ao4nHoro Hacoca BbtnonHger
Qyur4un Broporo npoMexyrotrHoro po-
nuKa), raK KaK nx pecypc We cHuxeH
n npu yqaHoBKenpexHux ponuKoB.te-
p$ cpaaHurenbHoKoporKui npouexy-
ToKBpeMeHuMoxer norpedoBarbcf, no-
BropHas pa36opKaAnf ux sauenil. [lo-
MUMOtTOrO aerruK pucK paspyueHuf
Aonro padoraBunx ponuKoq qro npuBe-
Aer K aBapuilHortnonoMKeABurarens,

4 16.YcraHoailreponvKvtn ao4nHorZ Hacoc,ec-


nv t4xcHVMantA,
BnopFAKe, o6parHoM cHrrr4ro. Prc. 4.15. Cnqrl,re HarrxHoro ponx(a peMHt
Puc. 4,12. CHrrr,reAar.{rKa Oa3bt r npaeoi ono- ycraHoBoriHbtx
prt noABecKlr ABrrareng Z 18 XER: 1 - npaBac
17. flpoeepurecoBna4eHile nplBoAa BcnoMoraTenbHbtx arperaToB ABxraTe-
onopa noABecKucl4noBoroarperara; 2 - Aarqhr Oa-
N4eTOK KOreHqaTOrO'4 pacnpeAerilTerbHbrxBa- neh Z 2O LER n Z 2O LEH: 1 - HarnxHoi pornr;
sur;3 - 6olru KpenneHunnpaBoil onopbt noABecKh noB(cM.(ycraHoBKa nopulHn nepBoro qilnrHA- 2 - 6onrbt KoenneHilqHarqxHoro DonilKa
cri.noBoroarperara KABhrareno; 4 - 6onrbt Kpenne- pa BnonoxeHne BMTrarracxarilr),c. 300).
'18.
Hun npaeoi onopbr noABecKhct4loBoro arperara Ha4eHurepeMeHb Ha3y6earblZ uKyrBKo-
K Ky3OBy neHqaroro Bana.
3aBeAilre BeAyu.lyto
BeTBbpeM-
Hr3anpoN/ex)flolnurirpolnr r, HarflHyB
ee,Ha-
,qeHbTe pacnpeAenilTelbHblx
HaUJKtlBbl BanoB.
HaTflHhTe BeAON/yrOBeTBbpeMHHil HaAeHbTe
ee Ha3y6qarbrfirxKr4B BoAflHoTo Hacoca,a 3areN4
3aBeAilTe ee 3a HaTFXHOT pOrrr.
19.Ocra6ure3arrxKy6ona2 (cru.prac.4.13)
KpenneHrff HarflxHoropon,4Ka r noBopaqilBat-
Te ponilK KJloqoM3 no qacoaoi crpeJtKe Ao rex
nop, noKayKa3arenb 2 (cr',1.
prac.4.14)HarnxHo-
ro ycrpoioea He ycraHoBklrcn nporr4BMerKil1
(.,USED> - peMeHb,6atawnnB 3KcnnyaraUr4il)
ranr,r 3 (<NEW>- HoBbri peMeHb).3arRHrre
6orr rpenreHrr HarFXHoroponilKa.
20. BseoHrreB xBocroBl4K KoreHqaroroBara
6orr rpenreHrRu.rKtaBa r npoBepHilTe Kor]eHqa-
ruri aar HaABa o6opora, qro6urpeMeHb3aHfln
HOPMAIIbHOC NOIOXEHilCHAU]KI4BAX T DOI]TKAX. Puc. 4.16, Cxsrue urKl4BaKonexqaroro Bana
Pnc. 4.13. Ocna6nexre sarsxeHrr peMHs npuEo- g,er,rrarenel Z 20 LER n Z 2O LEH: 1, 4 - Kno,rr4;
21.flpoaepurecoBna4eHue ycraHoBoLrHbrxMe-
Aa ra3opacnpeAerrTenbHoro MexaH[3Ma AB]tra- 2 - urue KoreHqaroro eana: 3 - 6ontu roenneHuq
rensZ 18XER: 1 - HarqxHot ponrr; 2 - 6orr rpenne- TOKKOneHqaTOrO r pacnpeAenuTelbHbrx BaroB. urKhBaKoreHqaroro Bana(,{erBeprufi 6onr Hear4ex,
Hilc HarcxHoro ponuKa;3 - Knog-uecrhrpaHHhK fl pn recoanageHilfinoBToplrre ycraHoBKy peMHF. TaKKaK3aKpbrrKnro.{oM4)
TEXHNqECKOE OECNY)K]IBAHr|E .) 83

PeromexAoqrt
Topnosnan xt4prKocrboqeHb rurpocKo-
nuqHa (nornou/#'/er Bnary n3 BosAtua),
qro, nounuo nofluEHnf, Kopp@nn Ae-
Tanert ropwoSHort ct/tcteUbr,noHn Kael
rewneparypy KnneHnf,canort xtl4KocTu,
a tTo Moxer npnBacfn K ofKasy ropMo-
3OBnpw qactblx nHfeHcuBHbtxTopuoxe-
HUf,X.noerowy peKoneHAyert sarreHg7b
ropnosHyto xuAKocfb KatKAurtro&
1. Oraepnnrenpo6ry 6arra maeHorotop-
MO3HOTOUrnrHApa.
ropuorHoi xt4AKocril
llepe4rarr,teHor,t npo-
Bepbre repN4erilqHocrb (cM.( npo-
f l4AponpilBoAa
BepKa repMerhgHocril rilAponpilBo[aropMo3Hoi
c.71) raycrpaHraTe
cilcreMbr), HeilcnpaBHoc[4.
Bavnorpe6yorcn: Krlolrgrn rpy6onpoeogoa
(Ha 10), Krrorr(Ha l7>,ropuro:Hafl xilAKocrb,
pe3nHoBbrrz ilnil npo3paeHbrrl unaHr,npo3paq-
Hbl14 cocyA.
nplBoAa ra-
Pnc, 4.17. Cnsrue xrxnei KpbnuKr,r
3opacnpeAerxrerbHoro MexaHr43MaABrrare- Ilpnmerorre
nefiZ2OLERrZ2OLEH. 1 - xuxnsc Kpbrtt.tKa
npr4-
BOAa ra3opacnpeAenuTerbHoro MexaHu3Ma;
2 - 6onru KpenneHxnHuxHefiKpbrtuKn
npuBoAara-
30pacnpeAenuTenbHoroMexaHil3Ma 2. ,[oreraree 6a9oryilcryo ropMo3Hylo
xt4A-
KocrbAo Hrxuer7KpoMKr4 HanreHot4ropnoBilHbt.
1 2 1 2
llpegynpe4qeHHe
3aropuozwe aetouo6nnc crosHoqHbtM
TOqMBOM n yCTaHOBnTenOA3aAHneKofle-
ca nporuBoorKarxueynopu (a6awuaxn>).

Tax enrnsAnr cnequanbHui xnpq Ms


raex tpy6onpoBoAoB,
Pexomexnoqxr
3aneny rcpuoznofi xryKoon peKoMeH-
Aye7c, nPoBoAuTb c noiro,4HuKoM,
npeABapurenbHo ycfaHoBnB aBtouo-
6unt na cnorpoByto KaHaBy,?craKaAy 3.Ovrorre or rpn3r4
KranaHbt Bo3,qyxa...
BbtnycKa
Pxc. 4.18. YxagarenrperynrpoBoqHoroy3rtaHa- nnn noAbeMHnK(ne norpeaye7cf, cHn-
TqxHoroponnKanprBoaa Fa3opacnpeAerlrerb-
HoroMexaHr,r3MaAenrateneiZ2o LERr Z 2OLEH: Marb Koneca),
A, 5 - BaphaHTbr yKasarercperynnpo-
ilcnonHeHuq llpunenartte ropwosHyto xuAKocrb
BoqHoro y3naHarcxHoroponilKa;I - yKa3arenbpery- DOT-4,
nhpoBor{Horoy3naHarqxHoroporura; 2 - ueru Ouepegnoot saMeHbtxnAKocrn B Top-
MOSHb]X MeXaHUSMaX:
- 3awufi npaBufi;
noBopaqilBaoT no qacoBoi cTpenKeAo coBna- - nepe4Hurt
neaurt;
AeHilflyKa3arenfl1 c qeHrpoMMerKil 2 (rpey-
- 3a4Hufr
neBb//rt;
rollbHbriBbrpe3B ocHoBaHililperynilpoBogHoro
- nepeAHufi
npaBbtfr,
ycrpohcTBa) npil ycraHoBKeHoBotopeMHRl4tlt4
Ha4 MMneBee3TOTO nOrOXeHUfnpn yCIaHOBKe
Ilpegynpe)KrqeHre
peMHF, 6brBuefoB 3Kcnnyara\nvi. npv BapilaH- He ucnonayfrre awryp n3 cncteMH)KnA-
Te 5 Anfl perynhpoBKr4 HarflxeHrfl peMHflHa- KOCtbnoETOpHO: OHa3arpffiHeHa,Hacb,l4e- 4. ...n cuvunte 3aqhrHbteKorlnaqKrKflana-
TflXHOi pOnUKnOBOpagilBaOT nO gaCOBOh HaBo3AyxoM n anarofi.Bcergagonneartrc Hoepa6ovrx qnnuHgpoBTopMo3Hbrx MexaHil3-
crpenKeAo Texnop, noKayKa3aTenb HaTFXHoro B CUCTeMy rOnbKOHOByK'XUAKOCnItOfi MOB3aAHrX...
ycrpo14cTBa He ycTaHoBr4Tcn npoTr4BMeTKr MapKn,Koropas6una zannra npexge.
(USED) (peveHu, 6ureuuraB 3Kcnnyaraqrr4) Topuosxan xuAKocrb rurpocKonuqHa
ilnil (NEW>(HoedrapeMeHb). (anurueaer anary w oKpyxa,ot4ero Bo3-
gyxa), nozromy ee HenBf, xpaHnrb a or-
I
3anena "opuornof, rxnpxocrr xprnofinpe.
, B fxlponprlBof,ax roptomB Feperure npupogy! He cnndahte ucnono-
I lt Ebrf,tiloqeHrt clJlent|eilf,n .. : sOBaHHyprOpMO3HypXUAKOC|b B nO.''By
t unu KaHann3a4uoHHyKt cncreMy. O pac-
CouacHo peKoMeHAaqhh - nonoxeHnu B BaueM paione nyHKToB
r 3aBoAa-h3roroBt4
I

TerF 3aMeHRTb TOpMO3HyIOxl4AKOCrb Cne.qyeT npueMa orpa6orauut,x tKcnnyarauuoH-


,repe:2 roAa 3Kcnnyara\tttA t4t1t4 vepe: 30 rutc. Hbtx xu4Koctei uoxno y3Harb B Mecr'
rn,tnpo6era(e raercrMocrr or roTo,LrroHacry- Hb,xopraHax anacru,
nuTpaHbuJe). Korec.
5. ...unepe4Hrx
84 OOPELASTRA
gr4crar
BbrreKarb xilAKocru6esnvsurpuroB
Bo3- Kocru B 6aqxe rnaanoro ropMogHorouu-
Ayxa). nuHqpa, o6qeu Ane ruAponpuBoAoB
TO?MO'OB n BbrKn'OqeHnfl CqenneHwf,.
He 4onycxaire naAeHnq ypoBHs xuAKo-
cru B HeM Huxe MerKu KMIND, Ceoeepe-
MeHHo gonneaire xnqKocrb, nHaqe
B CUCTeMynona4ef BO3Ayx n ee npu4eT-
cfl npoKaquBaTb.

18. 3aaepHrreKranaH,Ha4eHbre
:aqnrHurr,r
KOrnaqoK.

6. Ha4eHurepe3ilHoBblirxraHr Ha KJtanaH
Bo3Ayxapa6oqerouhnilH,qparopMo3-
BbrnycKa
HO|-OMexaHil3r\4a
3aAHerOKOneCa il norpy3rTe 12.flocne 3aMeHbr ropMo:HorZxnArocrr o6n-
KoHequnaHfa e ,{ilcruri npo:pavHurrZ
cocyg. 3aTerbHo HaAeHbTe3auilTHbre KoInaHKil
HaKranaHbr BbrnycKa Bo3Ayxa.
13. l-lpoaepureKavectBoeurnorHeHHorZpa6o-
Tbr:HaxMilTeHecKoIbKopa3 Ha neAanbTopMo-
3a - xoA neAaailil ycrnre HaHerigonxuut 6trru
oArHaKoBbrMr,,l
npil KaxAoMHaxarilr. Ecnr rro
HeraK,BepHrrecbKBbrnonHeHilo onepaqura 6-8.

19.AorenreropNlo3Hylo AoypoBHn
xvrAKocrb
MexAyMerKaMr <MlN>n <MAX>Ha creHKe
6aqrar 3aBepHilre
npo6ry
20.YcraHoeilre
AeranhBnopnAKe,
o6parHora
cHffTt4lo.

7. flovorLlnnrAonxeHpe3KoHaxaTbHane-
yerbrpe-nRTbpa3(c rHTepBanoN/ 3anena oxrarxflarorr1ef
AanbropMo3a
,l(xIl(oGTX
Mex.qy Haxarilaunl-Zc),nocreqefoyAepxil-
BarbnenarbHaxarofi. Cornacro peKoMeHAaqilil
3aBoAa-n3roro-
8. OreepHure na 112-314o6oporarnanaH BnTeflfloxJraxAaou]yoxl4AKocTbcneAyer3a-
BbrnycKaBo3Ayxa.t13uraH[a HaqHerBbtreKarb MeHFrbvepe: 45 Tbrc.KMnpo6eravnv 2 roga
oapan(rpnrHar) ropMo3HanxilAKocrb.
fleAaru 3Kcnnyaraqil14(g raeucrvocl4 or roro,
TopMo3a B 3ro BpeMflAoIXHanlaaHoAol,trr ropuorHorZxnAKocn4B fr4A- qro HacrynilTpaHuue).
14. ltn 3aMeHbr
Ao ynopa.Kar ronuro xr.qKocrbnepecraHer ponpilBoAe BbrKJr0geHhRcqenneH!4F cHLlt\4ilTe Bau norpe6yorcr: orBeprKac uocKr4Mre3-
BblTeKaTb,
3aBepHhTeKnanaH BbtnycKa
Bo3Ayxa. raqrrHurraKornaqoKc KIaraHa AnF yAaneHilg BileN4, X/AKOCIb,L[4CfaF
OMaXAaOU.lafl TpfnKa,
Bo34yxanr pa6overournhHApa. eMKOCTb xilAKo -
4rn CrlraaevolaoxraxAa lou.lera
llprme,roxne cril BMefiilMocrboHeMeHeel0 l. naccarnxn.
lloctonnno cneAuresa ypoBHeMxnAKoc-
ru a 6aqxe, He AonycKaf, ero cHuxeHuf, llpe4ynpe)KfleHre
Ao MerKu ttMlNll na creHKe6awa, llpu llpuuenafrrc oxnax4apt4ne )Ku4Kocru
neodxo4uuoau gonuaartte HoByKtrop- Ha ocHoBeerunenrnuxona (anruQpne).
MosHyKtxyf.Kocrb, ,rto6H xe Aony$urb 3aueusfire oxnax4a,ot4yK, xuAKocrb
nona,qaHunBo3ryxa a rugponpuao4. Ta- TOnbKO HaXOITOAHOM ABUraTene,
xuu odpasou o6ecnequaaercs nocre- Oxnax4apqae xu4Kocrb roKcnqHa,flo-
neHHoe BbtrecHeHuectapoi xuAKosu ercuy 6ygwe ocropoxHbt npn pa6ore
xoaoi 6es ocyueHus ruApocnaeMbl c nefi.
flpu nycxe ABnrarens npo6xa pacwupu-
TenbHoro6auxa 4onxna 6utt saxputa.
3aaopatuaafrre npo6xy 6aqxa nnowo
15.HaAeHure HaKJranaH urraHrr onyfihre ero Cncremaoxnax,qeHnnnpu pa6onn4eu
KoHeuB eMKocrbc He6orur.unvKorr4qeoBoM ,4BnraTeneHaxoAnTcgnoA AaBneHueM,
xllAKocril. llon pocrre noMotlHil Ka
ropvro:Hor,r noeroMy npu cna6o zaeepnyrort npodxe
Haxarb Ha negarb cUenneHnfl 4-5 pat c ilHTep- ng-noA HeeMoxer noieqt oxtaxAa,o-
BaJraMil2-3 c, a 3areMyAepxilBaruee Haxaroi. t4a9 xnAKoob.
BureepHure uiryqepna 3/4 o6opora,y4epxhBan
nepexo.qHrK BTopbrM KJiloqoM or npoBopagrBa- 1.YcraHoetare HapoBHyoropr-
aarovo6taru
uvta.WzuraHra B eMKocrb6y.qeraurxoAhructa- 3OHTanbHyro rnou.laAKy.
pan (rpn:Han)ropMo3Han xilAKocfb.
16.3aeeprrre KranaHil nonpochrenoMol!-
HilKaOTnyCn4Tb neAanbcuenleHilff.
9. Tarnuxe cnoco6otr,r
3aMeH/Te ro0M03HVlo 17.floeropnrareonepaqilil 14 v 15go nonHoi
xr4gKocrba pa6oveuqiln!4Hgperofr',ro:Horo 3aMeHbr xr4EKocrr B n4AponpilBoAeBbtKnoqe-
MexaHu3Ma neBofonepeAHeToKoreca. HhF CqenneHilf(r43uJnaHraAonxHa BbrTeKaTb
10. 3areu 3aMeHhre xr4AKocrb qncrar xil,qKocru6er ny:ulpuroaeorgyxa).
ropt\4o3Hyto
Bo BropoMKoHrype (cHaqalaa pa6over,l
r4,r-
nrHApeTopMo3Horo MexaHil3Ma
reBoro3aAHe- llpeeynpex(AeHxe
ro KoJreca,
3aTeM
npaBoronepeAHero). Bo apeua npoKavKnruAponpuBoAa ne-
11.lloeropnrare
onepaqru6-8 Aonoluoi:a- pno4uqecKu npoeepnire ypoBeHb),uA-
MeHbr Bnp/BoAe(h3unaHraAonxHa
xrrqKocTr
TEXH]ITIECKOEOECNY)K]IBAHXE') 85
2.OraepHrre
npo6rypacuLraprrenuHoro
6avra. 5. ,Un o6ecneqeHilfl
norHoToclt,lBaxrgKoc- 13.3anonHrrecilcreMyoMaxAeH14R ABrfare-
Tr4143Cr4CTeMbrr rapaHrilpoBaHHoroyAaneHilF If , 3anhBaFoxnaxnaou]y|oxr4AKocrbB pacuit4-
il3 HeeBO3AyXa npr 3anpaBKecoxMilTeycnKll prreruHutta 6a,ror.qorex nop, noKaoHaHeHaq-
xoMrra KpenneHhfUljtaHranoAofpeBaApoc- HeTBbuilBarbcnil3 ulryqepa npouexyrovuori
cerbHoToy3na,cABr4HbTe xoN4yT
no unaHry... rpy6rrarar43cHflToTo urraHra.B H,to[4eHr
Ha,Jara
BbrTeKaHilfl xhAKocril ycTaHoBrTe uJflaHfHaMe-
cTor 3aKpenrTe xoMyToM.
14.llycrureABilfarerbu nporperare efo Ao pa-
6orerarevneparypur(Ao BKrroqeHilfl BeHTurflTo-
pa). flocre :roro ocraHoBure.qBIrarerb,npoBepb -
TeypoBeHb oxraxAapu.lerax/AKocl4 u npu Heo6-
xo4l4Moct-t4 ee B pacuhprlTeruHutta
,qoletare 6a,{or
HeMHoro BbrureMerKil(KALT/COLD).

llpnrnerorre
3. HageHureua narpy6or crilBHofo KpaHa llpn pafiore ABurarens na6nngafirc
HapaAnaTope cncreMbtoxnaxAeHhff,pacnono- sa cnrHanbHofinamnortneperpeBa ABn-
xeHHofos Hr4xHeiqacril 6a,Jrac npaaofrcto-
rarens e xo*t6nna4nnnpn6opoe,Eau
poHbrpaAraTopa,oTpe3oK ulflaHfano.4xoAfl
ule- 6. ...r,r
cHrunreunaHrco uryqepanpoMexy- cnrHanbHag naMna3aropenac,d B€Hrl".t-
fo AilaMeTpa,no.qcraBbTe
eMKocTbnoA ulaHr ro.rHoirpy6rn nogeoAaoxna4aouler,rxng- nflTOppaAnaTopaHe ButEr.tnncn,BKnb-
h, orBepHyB
KpaH... KOOI4 y3ny.
KApoccenbHoMy qI4Teoronurenbn npoBepbre,xaxoi aog-
7.3aeeonilre crreHotzroaH. Ayx qepe'rHeronpoxoAut.Ecnnoronn-
llprmerorre TenbnoAaernogorpetfi eozgyx,cKopee
E6ero,HencnpaBeH BeHtunnTop, a ecnu
Ecnnpacwnputentxurt6aqoxcnntno noAaerxonoqHbtiBoSAyx, SHaqtnT,B cn-
3arpn3HeH,ro cHuMnTe(cn. <cnarne cremeoxnaxAeHnnABnnrenf, o6paso-
u ycTaHoBKapacunpuTenbnoro 6aq&a>, Banacb BosAywHae npo6xa,finn eeyga-
c,114)n nponortre ero, neHnn3arnyumeBBnraTenb, gaite euy
ocrbtrbu orBepHnrenpo6xy pacuupn-
8. llpouorarecilcreMyoxfla4eHilF,Anflqefo TenbHoro6aqxa, llycrnte ABurarenb,
ycraHoBLlTe
HaMecrouJtaHrnoABoAa oxnaxAao- gartrc emy nopadorat B te.teHne
qei xilAKocnlKApoccenbHoMy Wnyv MeAfleHHo 3-5nunn eaaepnnrc npo6xy6auxa,
HanorHure cilcreMyeogoi vepe:pacuilpilTenb-
6aror go ypoBHfl
Hurr,r napoorBo4rqeirpy6rca. lloneExrre coBerbl
4. ...crerZre
xugKocrb. 9. flycrnregenrarerur 4aire eraynopa6oraru
llnn nyuuero ganotrHeHuf,cuqeuu 6ez
AOMOMeHTa BKflOqeHrf3neKrpoBeHvnflTopa.
BosAyraHbrxnpodox nepuoguqecKnnpo-
llpe4ynpe)Krqexre 10.3arnyunregBr4rarerb u cnerireeo4y.
xuuafrre unaHrn paAuaropa pyrofi.
AnruQpus cueprenbHorAoBur Atrf, Bcero 11.flpouuraararecrcreMyoxrax,qeHrn Eorex tlepes necxontxo Anei ?KcnnyaraUuu
xuBoro. flnn roro qto6u He rnrpf,3Hf,Tb nop,noKaHeHaqHeT cnilBaTbcfl
vt4crafl
BoAa.
aBToModunf,nocnesaMeHb,oxnilK4aKt-
oKpyxa,ot4y,o cpeAy, cnueafrre ero 12.CHoeaorcoeghHrreuflaHror uryqepa qefi xuAKocru npoxonrponupyrtrc
rc pa4naropa qeper BopoHxy (xanpu- npoMexfroqHoir tpy6rn noABoAa ouaxAao- ee ypoleHb. [Ipu neodxo4uMocrn Boc-
Mep, usroroBfleHHyrc ug nnactuxoaoi u.1eixh.qKocrn KApoccenbHoMy Fny. nonHuTeyPoBeHb.
6yrunxu gnn rasupoeaunofr eogu). Eanu uepez oqeHbKoporKoeBpeMf, 4Ber
cBexefi xu4Kocru cran Kopn.lHeBbtu,
3HattuT,Bbr3anunn no4,AenKy,BKoTopyro
npougBoAnrenb Kga6btn>Aodaaurb un-
ru6nroptt xopposnn. Kpone roro, oAHnM
u3 npu3HaKoBno4l4enKuf,BIrf,eTcf,pe3-
KoenonHoe o6ealaeuueanue xnAKocrn.
Kpacntent KaqecrBeHHofi oxnaxqap-
t4efi xngroou o,teHb croeKn co Bpeue-
HeM TonbKorenHeer. O6ec4aeunzaercn
xuAKocrb, no4KpaweHHaf, deflbeBort
cuHbKort.Tarofi <auruQpuet neodxogu-
uo duopee zaweHuTb.
OCOEEHHOCTr| llopurxeeure nanbqbr ycraHoaneHute 6o-
6ururax nopuHei c 3a3opoMil 3anpeccoBaHbl
KOHCTPyKqnn c HaTFroM B BepxHileroroBKtl uaTyHoB,KoTo-
ltn poccuncroro pbrHKa aerovo6rarra Opel pble CBOtlM14 fOtlOBKaMh
HVIX'HVIMV: COeAhHeHbi
Astrarovnrerryor cneAyou.1,iM14 ABilTarerfl M14: c uaTyHHbtMt4UetarauvtKoreHgaToro Bafla9e-
1 , 4t Z 1 4 X E P( 9 0n . c . )1; , 6r Z 1 6X E R( 1 1r5. c . ) ; pe3ToHKOCTeH f Ko-
KoHcrpyKul4
HbreBKraAbltlll4,
1 , 8n Z 1 8X E R( 1 4 0
r . c .) ;2 , 0n 7 2 0L E R ( 2 0 0L r . c . ) TOpbrx KopeHHblx.
aHarorilqHaKoHcTpyKl-lt4t4
n 2 , 0n Z 2 0 L E H( 2 4 0r i . c . )I .a h r a r e r a Z 1 4 X E P ,
ocHaqeH Hurricrcrevoi Twinport,ycraHaBnrBa -
rorrorbKoHanFTHABepHbri xar96er,a ABhrare-
nn Z 16XERr,rZ 18XERc ,43N/eHfleMbrMr Qaravu
ra3opacnpeAeneHilR ycraHaBnilBanT HaBceaB-
rovo6nru,KpoMe cnopl4eHurx rovuerraqru
TpexABepHoro xlre6era.lerrarenr Z 20 LER Pacnpe4enurenbHble Barbt nrrbte, !.tyryH-
n 7 20 LEHc ryp6oHaggyaoM ycraHaBnrBaprrure. Pacnpe,qerrrerbHbre BanbrnpilBoAaBny-
TorbKo HarpexgaepHuri xrrq6erB cnoprt4BHbrx KranaHoBcHaoxeHblpo-
cKHbtx14BbtnycKHbtx
KOMnreKTaUrflX. OOeCneqrBaou.lt4Mt4
TOpaMilCr4HXpOHr3aqhil,
B AaHHovpa3AeneonhcaHbrKoHcrpyKqr,lfl paoory AarerKoB nonoxeHuf pacnpeAenr-
y3AOBil Cr4CreM
il peMoHTHeKOTOpbTX ABilfaTerrfl TerbHbrxsaroe. B BaaaxnpilBoAaBnycKHbrx
rvron. Z 16 XER(105r.c.). PeruoHr ABurarenn il BbtnycKHbrx KranaHoB MacIflHble
BbtnorHeHbt
vog.Z 16XER,a rarxe HeKoropbre acnerrur o6- KaHaIbl,no KoTopbtM K MexaHil3MaM lJJaryxur cTarbHbre,KoBaHbte,
cilcTeMbl co crepxHeM
cayxhBaHnfl il peMoHTa Aeilrarener4 voA. h3MeHeHilr Qar raropacnpeAeneHilr .qByTaBpoBofoce9eHfl
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