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Improvement of Performance Parameters (KPIs) in a GSM RF

Network Service Area using Optimization Tools

The main aim of this project is to provide seamless network coverage to the customers
through the improvement of KPIs in a GSM network area. India is one of the fastest growing
countries of the world in the field of mobile telecommunications. As it grows up the needs of the
users is going to be increased. GSM technology has been the major obstacle for mass adoption of
a true Cellular experience and achieving a seamless Cellular communication. RF Network
Optimization is an ongoing activity for all wireless networks. By gathering and analysing the
network data and revising network parameters using proper RF Planning and Optimization,
efficient and effective cellular communication is achieved. GSM system network planning has
undergone extensive modification so as to fulfil the ever-increasing demand from operators and
mobile users with issues related to capacity and coverage.
Key Performance Indicators: For RF network optimization, it is necessary to have
decided on KPIs. These KPIs are parameters that are to be observed closely when the network
monitoring process is going on. Mainly, the term KPI is used for parameters related to voice and
data channels, but network performance can be broadly characterized into coverage, capacity and
quality criteria also that cover the speech and data aspects. For proper working of base station
many parameters are defined such as the coverage area of a cell which depends on different
factors including the transmitting power of the base station, obstructing buildings in cells, height
& location of base station etc. The Drive Test (DT) is performed in GSM network to assure the
availability, integrity, & reliability of the network. For this, the radio frequency planning has to
be carried out properly and these plans have to be fine tuned to meet the requirements and
standards. The final radio plan consists of the coverage plans, capacity estimations, interference
plans, power budget calculations, frequency plans; parameter set plans related to signalling, radio
resource management, etc. The quality of the network is ultimately determined by the
satisfaction of the users of the network, the subscribers. Drive tests give the ‘feel’ of the designed
network as it is experienced in the field.
Submitted by:
Rafia Tasneem