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Queen of Heaven, Goddess & Saint

Mary is celebrated around the world as the Divine Feminine by millions of

people, many of them Catholics. Those who are devoted to Mary, honor Her
as the mother of Jesus. The Blessed Virgin Mary is known as the dispenser of
mercy, the ever patient mother, and protectress of humanity. She is the
special protectress of women and children.

Many believe that with the rise of Christianity and papal power, the Goddess
slowly disappeared from westen culture and faded into the Mists of Avalon . .
. . So great was devotion to the Goddess that She was ressurected in the
hearts of the people by a new Goddess, Mary, Mother of Jesus, the Christian
version of the GreenMan.
Officially, the Catholic Church teaches that Mary was mortal and is not a
Goddess, but despite this official position, many Catholics honor Mary as a
Goddess. Other Catholics revere Mary as Mother of Jesus, but not as divine.

Visions of the Virgin Mary have appeared to thousands of people around the
world. Her sacred shrines are at Lourdes in France and Guadalupe in
Mexico, as well as many other places. Her apparitions are often to children.
Artemis Diana of Ephesus

Mary was declared to be the "Mother of God" by the Christian church in the
5th century at Ephesus, Turkey. Ephesus was the home of a magnificent
temple to the Goddess, Artemis Diana, one of whose titles was "Queen of

The Christian church also conferred the Goddess's title on the mother of
Jesus. They called Her,"Mary, Queen of Heaven" and "Mary, Queen of the

The Madoona and child have been revered since the earliest times. Isis and
Her son Horus, Mary and Her son Jesus, Demeter and Her daughter Kore,
all have attracted a devout following. Long before Isis, and long before Mary
or Demeter, the human psyche fashioned Madonna and child icons and
placed them in sacred shrines.
Through time, the names and sometimes the images of the Madonna nad
child have changed, but the location of these shrines, and the wide devotion
to them has remained constant.

Demeter and Kore

One of the most beloved images in all Christianity is the The Black
Madonna. Devotion to the Black Virgin has never been stronger, Her shrines
attract thousands of worshippers each year. The Black Madonna is revered
througout the world, particularly in France, Poland, Italy and Spain. She is
the Blessed Virgin Mary of the Crusades and holy pilgrimages.
The Black Madonna is honored as a true Goddess figure, and has been since
Christianity entered Europe. She is honored by many as Isis, Gaia, Kali,
Mary, "the Other Mary" (Mary Magdalene), Diana, Sheela Na Gig, and the
Ancient Primal Earth-Mother Goddess.

For many European Christians, the blending of their ancient Goddesses with
the Blessed Virgin Mary has been a well accepted fact of their faith for
centuries, there is no conflict. The Black Madonna, be She called Isis, or
Mary, or Kali, or Diana, embodies all the aspects of Female Divinity for
many millions of people. Mary's blessings and intervention are still sought

Mary Magdalene
Believed by many to be the wife of Jesus. At the very least, she was Jesus'
chief Apostle and a Priestess in her own right. Church fathers have tried for
two thousand years to erase Mary Magdalen as a woman of importance,
spirituality and power. They have failed, Mary Magdalen remain a figure of
great importance for women. The Apostle Mary Magdalene is not a fallen
woman, she is a free woman.
For more on the Virgin Mary, read the book "The Virgin" by Jeffrey Ashe or
"A Woman Clothed in Light".
Pope John Paul II was deeply devoted to the Blessed Mother and did much to bring
honor and a vitality to Her worship. His deep devotion to Mary is shared by many
millions of Catholics around the world. It is because of the love for Mary that the
Church considered elevating the Blessed Virgin Mary to the role of Co-Redeemer.

IsIs ~ Demeter ~ Arinna ~ Yemaya ~ Diana ~ Inanna ~ Ishtar ~ Hecate ~

Brigid ~ Freyja ~ Nammu ~ Astarte ~ Sophia ~ AuLat ~ Maat ~ Minerva ~
Nut ~ Otohime ~ Hathor ~ Mawu ~ Aphrodite ~ Kanayama-hime ~ Luna ~
Kali Ma ~ Quan Yin ~ Selene ~ Kore ~ Amaterasu ~ Pandora ~ Medusa ~
Nathor ~ Venus ~ Gaia ~ Funadama ~ Sedna ~ Iris ~ Corn Mother ~ Dana
~ Kannon ~ Cerridwen ~ Irene ~ Macha ~ Rhiannon ~ Kishimo-jin ~ Hel ~
Mary ~ Benzai-Ten ~ Frigga ~ Vinca ~ Lady of the Beasts ~ Uba ~ Rowan ~
Artemis ~ Ma ~ Ki ~ Gabjauja ~ Lhamo ~ Amentet ~ Gabija ~ Laka ~
Selene ~ Allat ~ Uac Rapito ~ Pavasiya ~ Lahar ~Zemyna ~ Securitas ~
Sechat-Hor ~ Pandara ~ Saps ~ Rheia ~ Ma-Zu ~ Ran ~ Quiritus ~ Prende
~ Kishi-Bojin ~ Flora ~ Mayahuel ~ Chup-Kamui ~ Mafdet ~ Diti ~ Fauna
~ Aradia ~ Kaminari ~ Vaisgamta ~ Atabey ~ Pales ~ Zeme pati ~ Kaupuole
~ Rasyte ~ Marisha-Ten ~

Artemis of Ephesus ~ Kami-Musubi ~ Aparajita ~ Hina ~ Oya ~ Zenenet ~

Bona Dea ~ Uma ~ Daphne ~ Heket ~ Ixtab ~ Saule ~ Caca ~ Baubo ~ Eye
Goddess ~ Ixchel ~ Helene ~ Quilla ~ Izanami ~ Queen of Heaven ~ Unut ~
Ostara ~ Benzai-Ten ~ Zana ~ Bastet ~ Anuket ~ Sothis ~ Ana ~ Oshun ~
Hygeia ~ Sengen ~ Pele ~ Sauska ~ Aditi ~ Lilith ~ Toyouke-Omikami ~ She
Who is Many ~ Athena ~ Zemes Mate ~ Ceres ~ Fulla ~ Ningal ~ Marama ~
Uni ~ Lucina ~ Grandmother Spider ~ Am-No-Tanabata-Hime ~ Nepit ~
Adraste ~ Persephone ~ Ba ~ Jord ~ Cybele ~ Hera ~ Anath ~ Parvati ~ Jian
Lao ~ Asthoreth ~ Inar ~ Laka ~ Epona ~ Uzume ~ Circe ~ Damona ~
Camunda ~ Anat ~ Rosmerta ~ Zuimaco ~ Anahita ~ Pomona ~ Eos ~ Tyche
~ Peitho ~ Korrawi ~ Sachmet ~ Isara ~ Nemetona ~ Kubaba ~ Fortuna ~
Aurora ~ Jurate ~ Antum ~ Hine-nui-te-po ~ Ala ~ Karitei-mo ~ Ahurani ~
Kybele ~ Kaltes ~ Nana ~ Ida ~ Pachet ~ Milda ~ Zemyna ~ Fravasi ~
Brigantia ~ Blodeuwedd ~ Yuki-Onna ~ Artio ~ Nakatsu-Hime ~ Selket ~
Tlazolteotl ~ Abundantia ~ Alpan ~ Uli ~ Neith ~ Krumine ~ Venus of
Laussel ~ Vinca Bird Goddess ~ Ame-No-Mi-Kumari ~ Medeine ~ Bride ~
Asherah ~ Jurakan ~ Ihuanaboina ~ Acatl ~ Pergubre ~ Moon Goddess ~
Laima ~ Giltine ~ Laksmi ~ Gusti Kanjeng Ratu Kidul ~ Minoan Snake
Goddess ~ Brigit ~ Gaea ~ Kali Ma ~ Kuan Yin ~ Mother Earth ~ Neoilithic
Goddesses ~ Dolni ~ Haniyasu-hime ~ Kojin ~ Kishijoten ~ Goddess of the
Amazons ~ Dewi Sri ~
and all the Ancient Goddesses ~

Goddess of the Hunt
A Quick Summary | The Birth of the Twins | The Making of Artemis | Actaeon and Other
Idiots | Loyalty to Leto | Protectress of Maidens? | DON'T INSULT A GODDESS |
Leader of the Pack | Orion and Artemis

A Quick Summary - Read summaries of other major goddesses

Artemis is a super sexy tomboy virgin goddess. Being a virgin, for

her, means being at that stage in life when you are most attractive to
eligible bachelors and yet still titillatingly off limits. She was a
complete Daddy's girl and, endowed with the precociosity of all the
gods, sat on Zeus' knee not long after her birth and demanded of him
a long list of things including his word to never force her into
marriage. Unlike Athena, she is very committed to her mother Leto
and her defense helps gain Artemis the name "Arrow-pouring." She
may have spent her time running through the woods like the hunter
she was, but she still stepped up to defend herself and other Olympians against giants.
Artemis was a strong protectress of young women and even young men, but expected
perfection from her followers and her punishment for those who didn't meet her
expectations was often death.

The Birth of the Twins

Artemis (as well as her twin brother,

Apollo) was the daughter of the goddess
Leto and Zeus. Interesting note, they got it
on in quail form. Now, Hera wasn't too
happy about her hubby, Zeus, messing
around on her like that, and sent all sorts of
horrible things after Leto (like a Gadfly
and a scary dragon/serpent named Python.
She also made a decree that Leto could not
be allowed to rest anywhere on solid ground. Poor Leto eventually made it to Ortygia,
where Artemis was born. Artemis was a really good daughter, because when she was
born, she saw her mother in pain, and helped Leto over to the straits between Ortygia and
Delos. There, between an olive-tree and a date palm (the two sacred trees of Leto as the
Egyptian and Palestinian Lat), Artemis played midwife as her brother Apollo was born.
They say that until Apollo's birth, Delos had been a floating island, but as the baby boy
was spilled upon its sand, the island grew roots and had been fixed since. But even there,
Hera forbid Eileithyia, the Goddess of Childbirth, to come to her. Eventually, the gods
bribed Hera with a beautiful necklace, and Eilithyia went to Leto. Some stories say that
Artemis, the first born, was a relatively easy birth, but her brother definitely wasn't. And
so immediatly after she was born, Artemis became her mother's midwife and after like
nine hours, brought her brother into the world. So, since then, Artemis has been
considered a Protectress of Childbirth.

There are other versions of the birth (there always are). The
one above is most widely accepted, but there are other
things too. Some say that Apollo was born underground.
Homer says he was born in Lycia. The Ephesians say he
was born on Ortygia (near Ephesus), and two other random
countries claim him as their native son as well. He is much
loved, is Apollo. Artemis has more reference in the myth
above. Originally (pre-Hellenic myth), Artemis was an
orgiastic goddess - and as that, the quail was her sacred
bird. The island of Ortygia (Quail Island) was the resting
place of flocks of quails as they migrated north in the

The Making of Artemis

Artemis was a self-made goddess. As a child, she crawled into Daddy Zeus' lap and asked
him to support her in her plan to be a huntress goddess and live in the mountains. She
asked for sixty nine-year-old (remember? maidenhood!) Oceanides in her retinue, twenty
nymphs from the river Amnisos. She didn't care about towns, but she got 'em anyway.
She also reiterated her earlier commitment to assisting women giving birth. Next stop?
Bow and arrows! She got the Cyclops to make them for her, and they were silver and
spectacular and they made her the counterpart of her archer brother. She didn't stop there,
though. She went on to Pan, a forest-y type god, and he gave her hounds for her hunting
activities. Self-made goddess all the way.

Artemis' Bad Side

Even though Artemis had sweet and loving beginnings, and

indeed, she could love most intensely, she could also be very cold
and unforgiving. This is a very god-like trait that every god and
goddess (barring Hestia) has, at some point, displayed. One well-
known story of her chilly personality has to do with the hunter
Actaeon. This story, by the way, has a longer and better written
version in the Myth Pages. But I digress. So Artemis had just had
a long day of hunting, and was sweaty and gross, and ready for a
nice bath. This was deep in the woods in a sacred pool, and it
wasn't very likely that anyone would come upon her. But people
of Actaeon's family had a history of bad luck, and he did just that. Now, every man knows
that if you see a naked goddess (unless it is Aphrodite, or she invites you to see her
naked) you run away, and PRAY that she doesn't notice. But either Actaeon wasn't very
bright or he was so enraptured by her beauty that he didn't move. What he did was stare.
Bad idea. Artemis heard him, turned around, and in fury threw water at him. As the thre
droplets hit him, he was transformed into a stag. At that, Artemis whistled for his hounds,
and they ripped their unfortunate master apart.

Loyalty to Leto

Artemis and her brother were passionate. And one

person they both loved dearly, beyond each other
(for their bond was almost comletely
unbreakable), was their mother Leto. The twins
loved and defended their mother with a passion
unparalleled, and woe to the god or mortal who
offended her. One such woman was named Niobe.
Now, I have little pity for Niobe, because she was
just stupid. She had the gall to complain loudly
that people paid too much respect to Leto. She
cried that Leto had only two children, where she
had seven boys and seven girls. Hmmmm. Not for long, smartgirl. Once the twins heard
they came to her house and Apollo shot everyone of the boys with his golden arrows of
extreme pain. Artemis shot the girls with her painless silver arrows, and they all lay down
on their beds and died. Some stories say that the youngest girl, Chloris, was spared, but it
is unclear why. Niobe wept uncontrollably, and I think some kind god turned her into a


Like most goddesses, Artemis was not a happy camper when she was insulted. It is a
generally good rule to follow, that one should not insult the gods by calling them names
or even by comparing oneself to their beauty, skill, or anything else. The same rule
applies with most nymphs. One idiot, for example, named Chione, bore the penalty for
daring to compare herself to Artemis. She asked Apollo to tell her she was more beautiful
than the goddess. This he would not do (smart man), but Artemis found out, and shot
Chione. She also killed Ethemea for not sacrificing to her. Another example was when
some dude forgot to sacrifice to her and she sent the
Calydonian Boar to ravage everything. A girl named
Gerana was turned into a crane for talking smack.

Protectress of Maidens?

There are two versions of this story, but the more well-
known, and generally accepted version, is pretty grim. It
has to do with Iphigenia. We have already clarified, I
believe, DON'T PISS OFF A GODDESS, and Iphigenia's
daddy, Agamemnon (see him in such blockbusters as The
Iliad, or incorrectly but amusingly portrayed in Troy), blatantly ignored this most
important of rules, and upon expert shooting of a deer, declared that even Artemis
couldn't do it better! Bad move. Also, Iphigenia's grandad had welched on a sacrifice he
was supposed to make (disrespect all thru this family!), so that didn't help matters.
Anyway, time passes, and the Trojan War is about to start led by our own Agamemnon.
So he starts off and then the poop hits the fan. The sea goes crazy (depending who's
telling the story, there's no wind, or it's an insane hurricane) and it becomes quite clear
that Artemis is making answer to their leader. Agamemnon is forced to sacrifice
Iphigenia, more or less, and sends her off (telling her she's gonna marry hunky Achilles)
to die. Now see, that seems highly problematic to me, because ain't this goddess supposed
to be protecting dewy virgins? The Greeks were divided on this. Some say she died
believing to the last she was gonna marry Achilles. Some say that Artemis turned her into
Hecate. And some say that at the very last second, Artemis substituted the girl's body with
a deer's and Iphigenia went off to become a minor goddess. Really, it's hard to tell, but it's
easy to see that Artemis had a lot of different perceptions, and was no wilting flower.

Leader of the Pack

In addition to being a strong goddess in her own right,

with all the foibles that accompany that, Artemis was also
the leader of a band of wood nymphs (Draiads). These
nymphs, like Artemis, were sworn to chastity and stuff. So
when they got raped, or chose to mess around, there were
some pretty serious consequences. One story is that of
Callisto. Callisto had the misfortune to be raped by Zeus,
and Hera turned her into a bear that Artemis promptly
shot. There are a few questions about whether or not Artemis knew who she shot, but
most people think she knew. Or at least I think so. There are other nymphs and women
who suffered similar fates, but I will not go into them.

Orion and Artemis

I will not tell the whole story of Orion here, since there are
many myths connected to him. Instead I will only discuss
his relationship with Artemis. In my favorite version,
Artemis starts really digging hanging out with Orion 'cuz
he's like super-hunter dude. Now, Orion was sleeping with
Eos - who was known for digging on guys already - and
Apollo got worried about the chastity of his sister, and
started worrying that Artemis would be as taken in as Eos.
That doesn't really appear to be the case, but Apollo was
jealous, so he went and arranged with Gaia to send this
crazy big scorpion after him. Now, some say that this
animal was just too much for Orion and killed him (and that
Artemis was pissed for a while, but relented when Apollo
helped her hang Orion in the sky). Another version says that
Orion ran away from the scorpion - or rather, swam away to Eos' island, hoping that the
Goddess of Dawn would protect him. But then Apollo told his sister that the figure
bobbing in the sea was a villain who had just seduced one of her priestesses. Then he
challenged her to hit the bobbing object. She did, and killed her friend unknowingly. She
tried to get Asclepius to revive him, but Zeus destroyed him before he got the chance.
And so ended Artemis' only romance before it could begin.

Not Quite Classical ... (more information than you probably want)

The myths above come mostly out of Classical mythology, and they reflect the society in
which they were written - but if you're trying to really understand the depth of this
goddess, you need to look a little further. As mentioned above, although the Classical
stories peg her as Apollo's twin (where she tends to pale in comparison), she wasn't
always a sibling. Like lots of other gods and goddesses (tho not Apollo, actually),
Artemis seems to come from goddesses in a lot of different Mediterranean and eastern
cultures, and she wasn't always as sweet as she appears for the Greeks. In some of her
cults she was an orgiastic goddess, and in a few she required human sacrifice. Sound
familiar? (See Iphigenia's story if you can't quite recall.)

Great! Now you know the Classical stories. Really, it's the only story people bother to tell
anymore. However, it's not the only story that exists. In fact, even though Artemis seems
pretty overshadowed by her brilliant brother, there was a time when they weren't even
considered siblings. Apollo has always been a Greek God, but Artemis was a Goddess
who came from a lot of different cultures. For instance, earlier myths place her as the
daughter of Dionysus and Isis or of Zeus and Persephone. It was a while before people
started making her Apollo's twin, but once they did, her power seems to pale a bit.

The Names of Artemis

Acraea ~ High Aeginaea Aetole
Agoraea Agrotera Alphaea ~ Wheat
Angelos Apanchomene Aricina
Ariste Aristobule Astrateia
Brauronia Britomartis Calliste ~ Most Beautiful
Caryatis Chitone Chrysaor ~ Golden
Cnagia Colaenis Condyleates
Cordaca Coryphaea Coryphasia
Corythallia Curotrophos Daphnaea
Delia Delphinia Derrhiatis
Diana ~ yep, that's her
Dictynna Eileithyia
Roman name!
Ephesia Eucleia - Well Named Eurynome - Wide Named
Gaeeochos ~ protector Genetyllis Hecaerge
of the earth
Hegemone Hemeresia Heurippe
Hymnia Iphigeneia ~ read this Issoria
Laphria Leogeneia Leucophryne
Limenia Limnaea Locheia
Loxo Lyceia Lycoatis
Lygodesma Lysizona Melissa - Honeybee
Munychia Mysia Oenatis
Orthia Ortygia Parthenia ~ Virgin
Peitho ~ Persuasive Pheraea Phoebe
Phosphoros ~
Pitanatis Saronia
Sarpedonia Soteira ~ savior Stymphalia
Tauropolis ~ Bull City Thoantea Triclaria
Upis ~ Her name at the original temple to Artemis, set up by Amazons in
Ephesus. Upis was also the name of the nymph that supposedly reared her, and
also called the name of her father (in one story). Delian brides dedicated their
hair to Upis (and Hecaerge).
Should we worship and pray to the virgin Mary Home Page
reveal the truth to you. So I'm
delighted to be making such an
impact on people's lives for the
Lord Jesus Christ. Also
remember never take my word
for anything, do your own
research, and read the Bible and
see for yourselves, after all how
*SCAM WARNING* do you know I have not like so
many others taken things out of
Have you been scammed yet by anyone from 
context, read the verses before
Nigeria or Ghana, even so you better check my  and after, okay
page out now, it could save you thousands in 
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THE most popular form of idolatry that ever captivated the human heart is the worship of
Mary. To the unwedded priest of contemplative mind, Mary has every beauty, every
charm, every divine grace. Pure enough to be the chosen mother of that human body in
which Deity dwelt, unapproached in her unparalleled honors, chaste as the unspotted
snow; she is the queen of his imagination, the ravishing idol of his heart. And as the
mistress of his affections, he sings her praises, proclaims her glories, and gives her
glowing homage. Those who fail to worship Mary, in his sight, are destitute of moral
taste and perception; they are blind to beauty; they are governed by heartless ingratitude;
they have no ear for the sweetest voice that ever fell on the ears of angels, or sent its
thrilling melodies through the wounds of a bleeding heart.
To the masses of the Catholic world, Jehovah does not appear as a pitying Father,
governed by a compassion too vast for finite conception, a love which led him to give up
his only Son to the nails, the crucifix, the spear, the burning wrath of indignant justice,
the ghastly arms of the universal destroyer, and to the loathsome grave, that "he might
redeem us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us." He is the awful God who
breathes thunders; whose eyes flash forth lightnings; whose feet, as they touch our world,
start the jarring earthquakes; whose voice is like the roarings of many cataracts; who is
holy, terribly just, sparing neither age nor sex, and never appalled by the numbers who
fall before his avenging righteousness. Jesus is not the God-man. He is simply Jehovah,
without anything to make him our brother, to proclaim his intense and eternal human
sympathies. The only conception the Catholic masses have of Christ's humanity is a

[pg. 313]

little child sitting in helpless and unconscious innocence on the knees of a loving mother;
to them Jesus is the infinite God, moving through the universe as its master, to inflict
punishment; and to be coaxed into acts of mercy by a mother whom he loves.
They view Mary as the personification of maidenly modesty, of motherly love, of all
beauty, goodness, and gentleness. There is not a pure and loving quality known to the
human imagination which is not attributed to Mary. She has pity in ocean fullness; she is
ever ready to intercede for her penitent petitioners; she has unlimited sway over the heart
of her Son. She is the queen of love, of goodness, and of heaven. She is the most
venerated divinity in the Catholic Church. Little wonder that Mohammed should say: *
"Believe therefore, in God and his apostles, and say not there are three Gods, forbear this;
it will be better for you." His commentator tells us the three Gods of whom he spoke
were the Father, the Son and the Virgin Mary.

The Worship of Mary began in Arabia. †

About the end of the fourth century certain women in Arabia, once in twelve months,
dressed a car[t] or square throne; spread a linen cloth over it; and on a clear day placed a
loaf of bread or cakes called collyrides upon it, which they offered to the Virgin Mary. It
would seem that this was a transfer of the services of the Lord's Supper to Mary from her
Son. These first worshippers of Mary were called Collyridianians. This service, though
offensive to the churches at first, under another and milder form spread rapidly over the
East and West. ‡


* Koran, p. 80 Philada., 1868.

† Mosheim, iv. cen. chap. v. sec. XXV.
‡ Neander, ii. 339.

[pg. 319]


Litany of the Blessed Virgin.

This Litany was composed in Loretto, and sung in the processions in that city; and on
that account it is often called, "The Litany of Loretto." Sixtus V., June 11th, 1587, granted
to all Christians an indulgence of two hundred days for each time this Litany was piously
repeated. This indulgence was confirmed by Benedict XIII., January 20th, 1728. †
The portion of it about Mary is blasphemous in the highest degree; it is the most
idolatrous prayer ever presented to a dead woman.

"Holy Mary, ‡ pray for us.

Holy Mother of God, pray for us.
Holy Virgin of Virgins, pray for us.
Mother of Christ, pray for us.
Mother of Divine Grace, pray for us.
Mother most pure, pray for us.
Mother most chaste, pray for us.
Mother most inviolate, pray for us.
Mother undefiled, pray for us.
Mother most amiable, pray for us.
Mother most admirable, pray for us.
Mother of our Creator, pray for us.
Mother of our Redeemer, pray for us.
Virgin most prudent, pray for us.
Virgin most venerable, pray for us.
Virgin most renowned, pray for us.
Virgin most powerful, pray for us.
Virgin most merciful, pray for us.
Virgin most faithful, pray for us.
Mirror of Justice, pray for us.
Seat of Wisdom, pray for us.
Cause of our Joy, pray for us.
Spiritual Vessel, pray for us.

‡ "The Garden of the Soul," p. 297-8. London.

[pg. 320]

Vessel of Honor, pray for us.

Vessel of singular Devotion, pray for us.
Mystical Rose, pray for us.
Tower of David, pray for us.
Tower of Ivory, pray for us.
House of Gold, pray for us.
Ark of the Covenant, pray for us.
Gate of Heaven, pray for us.
Morning Star, pray for us.
Health of the Weak, pray for us.
Refuge of the Sinners, pray for us.
Comforter of the Afflicted, pray for us.
Help of Christians, pray for us.
Queen of Angels, pray for us.
Queen of Patriarchs, pray for us.
Queen of Prophets, pray for us.
Queen of Apostles, pray for us.
Queen of Martyrs, pray for us.
Queen of Confessors, pray for us.
Queen of Virgins, pray for us.
Queen of All Saints, pray for us.

Language is exhausted in applying titles to Mary, pilfered from her divine Son. Not in
any tongue used by mortals has such a list of impious compliments been given to a
woman living or dead. Nor has any religion or superstition ever showered such praises
upon a female divinity. Every sentence is but the prayer:

"Come, then, our advocate,

O turn on us those pitying eyes of thine;
And our long exile past,
Show us at last
Jesus, of thy pure womb the fruit divine;
O Virgin Mary, mother blest!
O sweetest, gentlest, holiest!"
Mary and Eve, the Authors of Sin and Salvation

The Rev. M. Hobart Seymour, an Episcopal clergyman, spent some time in Rome at
the period when Puseyism [Edward Bouverie Pusey, (1800 - 1882)] threatened to

[pg. 321]

carry the Church of England into the arms of the "Scarlet Lady;" and as it was assumed in
Rome that he was there to join the Church of the Dark Ages, provided some difficulties
were explained, certain Professors of the Collegio Romano, of the order of Jesuits, visited
him repeatedly to remove his objections. One of these Jesuits declared to him, * "That as
it was a woman brought in sin, so a woman was to bring in holiness; that as a woman
brought in death, so a woman was to bring in life; that as Eve brought in dissolution, so
Mary was to bring in salvation; that as we regard Eve as the first sinner, so we are to
regard Mary as the first Saviour; the one as the author of sin, the other as the author of its

The Virgin More Merciful than her Son.

One of these professors declared that the "feeling was universal among Romanists that
the Virgin Mary was more merciful, more gentle, and more ready to hear than Christ." †
On another page the same doctrine is taught by one of these Jesuits: "It is the opinion of
many of the fathers that God hears our prayers more quickly when they are offered
through the blessed Virgin than when they are offered through anyone else." And again:
"Many of the fathers were of the opinion that even Christ himself was not so willing to
hear our prayers, and did not hear them so quickly, when offered simply to himself, as
when they were offered through the blessed Virgin." And again, the professor says: "The
Romanists feel Mary is altogether of their own nature, and that this insures a more perfect
sympathy, so as to make Mary more accessible than Christ; and this feeling leads them to
pray with more frequency, as well as with more confidence to Mary than to Christ."

The Two Ladders to Heaven.

St. Bernard had a vision once, in which he beheld two ladders extending from earth to
heaven. ‡ At the top of one ladder the Saviour appeared; and Mary at the top of the other;
those try-

* [Rev. M. Hobart] Seymour's "Mornings among the Jesuits [at Rome]," p. 44. N. Y.,
† Id., pp 48, 49, 102, 106.
‡ Id., p. 56.

[pg. 322]
ing to enter heaven by Christ's ladder were constantly tumbling down, and meeting with
perpetual failures; those who attempted to reach the skies by Mary's always succeeded,
for she put forth her hands to assist them. Seymour says: * "I saw this as an altar-piece (a
picture of it) in a church at Milan—none succeeding by the Saviour's ladder, none failing
by the Virgin's."

The Triangular Trinity.

In the Baptistery of Parma [Italy] there is a representation of the Trinity. At the top of a
triangle is the Father; at the two angles of the base are the Son and Mary; the two arms of
the Father resting on the heads of the Son and Mary, form the legs of the triangle; while
the arms of the Son, extended to the head of Mary, form the base. The Sacristan called it
the Trinity of the Father, Son and Virgin. †

Four Persons in the Godhead.

Seymour quotes from Meyrick's "Working of the Church in Spain," the form of
doxology admired in that country: ‡

"Glory be to the Father,

Glory be to the Son,
Glory be to the Holy Ghost,
Glory be to the Holy Virgin,
Throughout all ages, forever and ever. Amen."

The Chief Source of St. Mary's Merits.

To have had such a Son as Jesus is the common basis of Mary's claim to the peculiar
respect of our race; but the Jesuits of the Collegio Romano have discovered another
foundation for these merits. "Assuredly," says one of them, "there was merit in the
sufferings undergone by the blessed Virgin in giving birth to the child Jesus. There was
no necessity whatever; no reason whatever why she should have subjected herself to
them; and therefore her having

* "Mornings among the Jesuits," p. 56. N. Y., 1849.

† [Rev. M. Hobart] Seymour's "Evenings with the Romanists," [Robert Carter and Bros.]
p. 258. N.Y., 1856.
‡ Id., p. 256.

[pg. 323]

actually undergone such sufferings, was meritorious. * She had some claim upon God for
it." Here the doctrine is that maternity inflicted on Mary without her consent gave merit
to her enforced sufferings. If so, then every case of compelled maternity has overflowing
merit to blot out the sins of others, even when the mother is a heathen.

The Religion of Italy, the Gospel of Mary, not the Dispensation

of Jesus.

The intelligent observer already quoted confirms the universal testimony of travellers
who have visited Italy about the extent of Mary worship. He says: † "The whole
devotional system of the Church of Rome, the prayers of the Virgin, the countless images
of the Virgin, the many churches dedicated to the Virgin, the universal devotion rendered
to the Virgin, the manner in which all the services and prayers of the church and people
are impregnated with thoughts of the Virgin, the extent to which, in conversation, all
classes went, in speaking of the Virgin, all had impressed me with the feeling that the
religion of Italy ought to be called: The religion of the Virgin Mary, and not the religion
of Jesus Christ."
"If I enter the church of the Augustines, I see there an image of the Virgin Mary as
large as life. Some are decking her with jewels as votive offerings; some are suspending
pictures around as memorials of thankfulness; some are placing money in a box at her
feet; some are devoutly kissing her feet and touching them with their foreheads; some are
prostrate in profound devotion before her; some are repeating the rosary before her; all
are turning their backs upon the consecrated host; upon that which the priest is elevating
upon the high altar, and which he and they devoutly believe to be Jesus Christ Himself
bodily and visibly among them; turning their backs upon Christ and their faces upon
Mary, practically forsaking Christ for Mary, with a prostration the most profound before
her image—a prostration that was never surpassed in the days of heathen Rome, and can
never be justified in Christian Rome." ‡

* "Mornings among the Jesuits," p. 192. N. Y., 1849.

† Id., p. 107.
‡ Id., p. 55-6.

[pg. 324]
And one of these Jesuits told Mr. and Mrs. Seymour, * "That the devotion to the Virgin
was very popular; that latterly it had become increasingly so, and that he knew many
facts that proved it a growing devotion among all classes. He mentioned the frequency
with which he hears the poor and simple people praying to the Virgin, singing hymns to
her pictures, at the corners of the streets early in the morning, appealing to her for
protection in times of danger; and he narrated an instance of a little child appealing to the
Virgin whose piety so touched his heart that a tear glistened in his eye as the told the

This Devotion rests upon the highest Authority.

The Council of Trent gave birth to modern Romanism; its decisions have greater weight
in the Papal Church than passages of Scripture. The fathers of Trent had two classes of
decrees to which they gave their sanction, the first originated with themselves, the second
was made up of bulls, and commandments of other and commonly inferior synods. The
Council of Trent in its fifth session, in its articles on "Original Sin," adopted the
following from a decree of Sixtus IV.: † "When we investigate with the scrutiny of devout
consideration the exalted insignia of the merits with which the Queen of the heavens, the
glorious Virgin mother of God, advanced to the celestial dwellings, shining amidst the
constellations as the morning star, and revolve beneath the secrets of our breast, that she
herself as the path of mercy, the mother of grace, and the friend of piety, the consoler of
the human race, the sedulous and vigilant advocate of the salvation of the faithful, who
are opposed by the load of their offenses, intercedes with the King whom she has brought
forth . . . . that thereby they may

* "Mornings among the Jesuits," p. 55-6. N. Y., 1849.

† Canones et Decrete Conc. Trid., p. 260. Lipsiae, 1863.

[pg. 325]

become more fit for divine grace by the merits and intercession of the same Virgin." Here
Mary is the path of mercy, the mother of grace, the consoler of the human race, with
merits and intercession to qualify men for divine grace; and that, by the decree of the
authoritative Council of Trent.

The Catechism of the Council of Trent,

Speaks with equal significance: * "Therefore, we, exiled sons of Eve, who inhabit this
vale of tears, ought assiduously to invoke the Mother of Mercy, and the advocate of the
faithful people, that she might pray for us sinners, and that from her, in prayer, we might
implore aid and assistance; for no one, unless impiously and wickedly, can doubt but that
she has the most surpassing merits with God, and the highest desire to assist the human

Gregory XVI., in 1832,

Says, in his Encyclical Letter [MIRARI VOS], published August 15th of that year: † "But
that all things may have a prosperous and happy issue, let us raise our eyes and hands to
the most holy Virgin Mary, who only destroys all heresies, who is our greatest hope; yea,
the entire ground of our hope."
Such is the position occupied by that modest, unassuming woman, who gave birth to
Jesus, in the Church of Rome. She is adored with a worship of the loftiest order; she is
venerated by many millions who neglect her Son and his Father. She is at this moment
the great divinity of the papal world. Nor is there a doubt by that she would denounce this
impious idolatry if she were on earth, and drive her images and worshippers from every
Christian temple.

* Catechismus Conc. Trid., pars iv. cap. vi. quest. 8, p. 405. Lipsiae, 1865. [link]
† [Charles] Elliott's [On Romanism:] Delineations of Roman [Catholic]ism. p. 754.
London, 1851.

[pg. 326]

Not one Prayer was ever addressed to Mary when living, nor was
any Worship ever offered her.

While her Son lived on earth, she was respected by his followers, simply as the mother
of the Baptist, or any other godly woman was esteemed. After his death, there is nothing
in the sacred records about her; nor is there one single instance, in the New Testament, of
reverence, veneration, dulia, hyperdulia, or latria given to Mary. Romish prayer-books
are full of petitions to the Virgin; the Scriptures are absolutely silent about any
supplications to and worship of the Saviour's mother.

The Lord rebukes his Mother for interfering with his Business.

At the marriage of Cana, when the wine failed, Mary, concerned for the honor of the
family, told Jesus, and undoubtedly hinted to him the propriety of performing a miracle.
According to the Vulgate, the only Bible recognized by the Council of Trent, the Saviour
answered: * What is it to me and thee, woman? my hour is not yet come." The use of the
word "woman" by the Saviour, does not lead one to think that he regarded her as "queen
of heaven." His answer to her is a refusal, coupled with an intimation that she was
ignorant of the time when he should assume his divine authority before men.

The Saviour decides that every one who does his Father's Will is the
equal of his Mother.

On one occasion, it was announced to Jesus, that his mother and brethren were
without, and wished to speak to him: the Saviour's reply, according to the Vulgate, was: †
"Who is my mother, and who are my brothers? and, extending his hand to his disciples,
he said: Behold my mother and my brothers; for whosoever shall do
* John ii. 4, Vulg., edita et recognita jussu Sixt. V. et Clem. VIII. London, 1846.
† Matt. xii. 48, 49, 50, Vulg., edita et recognita jussu Sixt. V. et Clem. VIII. London,

[pg. 327]

the will of my Father, who is in heavens, he is my brother and sister and mother." He
refuses to go and speak with the "refuge of sinners, the comfortress of the afflicted," and
he makes the declinature publicly, as if to show that even his mother must not interfere
with him in discharging the duties he owes his Father. And he immediately rebukes the
idea that his mother was any more to him, as the Great Teacher, than any other disciple;
whosoever does his Father's will is dear to him, and powerful with him, as "brother, sister
and mother."

The Saviour declares that there is a greater Distinction on earth

than that of being his Mother.

On one occasion, while he was speaking, a delighted woman, most probably a mother,
exclaimed, according to the Vulgate: * "Blessed is the womb which bare thee, and the
breasts which thou hast sucked; and he said: Nay, rather, they are blessed who hear the
word of God, and keep it." This woman properly pronounced Mary blessed for giving
birth to the Redeemer. But the Saviour, while admitting that Mary had a blessing in being
his mother, declares that the hearing and keeping of the word of God was a greater honor
—a happier distinction. And if the inferior honor justifies the worship of Mary, on the
same principle higher worship should be given to all who hear God's word and keep it.
But we very much fear that if this rule was observed, most of the present Catholic saints
would be discarded, and millions of godly persons, who were never inside a Romish
Church, would have their images put in Catholic shrines, and prayers and devotions
presented to them—because they heard GOD'S WORD AND KEPT IT, instead of
observing the traditions of men.
A woman so deaf that she can hear nothing, has a powerful son, persons are ignorant of
her deafness, and anxious for the favor of the mighty son; they seek the intercession of
his deaf mother. But though they plead earnestly, they appeal to her in vain; she cannot
hear them. In regard to all earthly prayers and devotions, Mary is a deaf woman; she
cannot hear. She knows nothing of all the words addressed to her.

* Luke xi. 27, 28, Vulgate. London. 1846.

Source: The Papal System: From Its Origin to the Present Time, by William Cathcart,
D.D., published in 1872 by Menace Publishing Company, Aurora, Mo., pages 312, 313,
The Franciscan Chronicles relate that a certain Brother Leo saw in a vision two ladders,
the one red, the other white. On the upper end of the red ladder stood Jesus and on the
other stood His holy Mother. The Brother saw that some tried to climb the red ladder; but
scarcely had they mounted some rungs when they fell back, they tried again but with no
better success. Then they were advised to try the white ladder and to their surprise they
succeeded, for the Blessed Virgin stretched out Her hand and with Her aid they reached

NOTE: This apparition is by no means incredible; nor is it right to say that it makes the
power of Mary superior to that of Christ. The symbolic significance of the vision must be
borne in mind. The idea has been expressed repeatedly in the words of St. Bernard, and
more recently by Popes Leo XIII and Benedict XV: "As we have no access to the Father
except through the Son, so no one can come to the Son except by the Mother. As the Son
is all-powerful by nature, the Mother is all-powerful in so far that by the merciful
disposition of God She is our mediatrix of graces with Christ. Therefore says Eadmer:
"Frequently our petitions are heeded sooner when we address ourselves to Mary the
Queen of Mercy and Compassion than when we go directly to Jesus who as King of
Justice is our Judge." 45

(44.) Wadding, Ann. 1232 n. 28. [See also The Glories of Mary, St. Alphonsus Liguori, translated from the
Italian, Second Edition, Chapter VIII, Section III. Mary leads her Servants to Heaven, published by Burns,
Oates & Washbourne LTD, London, 1868, pgs. 213-214.]

(45.) De Excell. V. c. 6.

Source: Fatima Network website

The White Ladder

Devotion to Mary is that white ladder seen in a celebrated vision by Brother Leo of the
early Franciscans. In this vision the holy friar saw an immense field, and in it there were
so many friars of the Order that to get them all within view the throng had to extend
upward. Two ladders so appeared, rising into the sky, one of them red and one of them
white. At the top of the red one St. Francis was seen alongside Jesus, and he invited the
friars to mount up. The friars faithfully undertook the climb, but afterwards fell back,
some from the first rung, others from the second rung, and others from the third. Even the
few who seemed to reach the top rung with great labor fell back down. Then the Seraphic
Father encouraged his sons, "Hasten over there to the white ladder." And there, in all Her
beauty, the Immaculate Virgin was inviting Her protégés to climb up to Her. Then - how
wonderful to see it! - they all nimbly climbed the white ladder the whole way to the top!
It is all-important to realize then that true devotion to the Madonna is the most perfect
way to Jesus - the most beautiful way.

Source: Fatima Network website

Our Lady assures us of our salvation with our own cooperation in using the means given
to us: prayer, the sacraments, mortifications, good works, and particularly Marian
devotion. Even St. Francis of Assisi in the famous vision of Friar Leo on the white ladder
and the red ladder assures us that devotion to Our Lady is a guarantee for salvation. Thus,
those who were saved on the white ladder at whose peak was the Blessed Virgin entered
heaven; those on the red ladder --what a loss!

Source: Fatima Network website








VATICAN CITY, MAY 7, 1997 (VIS) - The Holy Father dedicated today's general
audience to the Virgin Mary, and commented on the words that Jesus spoke from the
Cross to St. John: "'Behold your mother', ... with which he reveals to the Blessed Virgin
the pinnacle of her motherhood."

John Paul II expressed his wish that all might discover in these words of Jesus "the
invitation to accept Mary as their mother, responding as true children to her motherly

At the moment that Jesus entrusts his mother to St. John, "it is possible to understand
the authentic meaning of Marian worship in the ecclesial community ... which
furthermore is based on the will of Christ."

"The words 'Behold your mother'," continued the Holy Father, "express Jesus's intention
to awaken in his disciples an attitude of love and trust toward Mary, leading them to
recognize in her their mother, the mother of all believers. In the Blessed Virgin's school,
the disciples learn, as John does, to know the Lord deeply" and to love him.
John Paul II underlined that "the history of Christian piety teaches that Mary is the path
that leads to Christ, and that filial devotion to her does not at all diminish intimacy with
Jesus, but rather, it increases it and leads it to very high levels of perfection."

The Pope remarked that when the Gospel says that St. John welcomed Mary into his
house, this "seems to show his initiative, full of respect and love, ... to live the spiritual
life in communion with her."

He concluded by asking all Christians "to make room (for Mary) in their daily lives,
acknowledging her providential role in the path of salvation."

In his greetings in different languages at the end of the audience, the Holy Father
reminded the Slovak pilgrims that tomorrow is the liturgical solemnity of the Ascension
of the Lord: "The eternal Son of God, who lived for 33 years on Earth to be our Master
and Redeemer, went up to heaven to prepare a place for us."

AG/MARY/... VIS 970507 (350)

Source: Catholic Information Network

Prayer to the Blessed Virgin

Most Holy and Immaculate Virgin! O my Mother! Thou who art the Mother of my Lord,
the Queen of the world, the advocate, hope, and refuge of sinners! I, the most wretched
among them, now come to thee. I worship thee, great Queen, and give thee thanks for the
many favors thou hast bestowed on my in the past; most of all do I thank thee for having
saved me from hell, which I had so often deserved. I love thee, Lady most worthy of all
love, and, by the love which I bear thee, I promise ever in the future to serve thee, and to
do what in me lies to win others to thy love. In thee I put all my trust, all my hope of
salvation. Receive me as thy servant, and cover me with the mantle of thy protection,
thou who art the Mother of mercy! And since thou hast so much power with God, deliver
me from all temptations, or at least obtain for me the grace ever to overcome them. From
thee I ask a true love of Jesus Christ, and the grace of a happy death. O my Mother! By
thy love for God I beseech thee to be at all times my helper, but above all at the last
moment of my life. Leave me not until thou seest me safe in heaven, there for endless
ages to bless thee and sing thy praises. Such is my hope. Amen.― (Prayer of St.
Alphonse Liguori, 3 yrs indulgence, Raccolta, 342)

Source: With Mary to Jesus: a collection of Marian prayers, by Fr. Theodore Anthony
Zaremba. O.F.M., Franciscan Printery, Pulaski, Wis.,1954. The introduction says: "The
indulgenced prayers contained herein are from the latest official edition of the
Enchiridion Indulgentiarum (Raccolta), a compilation of prayers and devotions enriched
with indulgences by the authority of the Holy See."
18. It is therefore, a pleasure for us, a full century having passed since the Pontiff of 
immortal memory, Pius IX, solemnly proclaimed this singular privilege of the Virgin 
Mother of God, to summarize the whole doctrinal position and conclude in these words 
of the same Pontiff, asserting that this doctrine "vouched for in Sacred Scripture 
according to the interpretation of the Fathers, is handed down by them in so many of their 
important writings, is expressed and celebrated in so many illustrious monuments of 
renowned antiquity, and proposed and confirmed by the greatest and highest decision of 
the Church" (Bull Ineffabilis Deus), so that to pastors and faithful there is nothing "more 
sweet, nothing dearer than to worship, venerate, invoke and praise with ardent affection 
the Mother of God conceived without stain of original sin. (Ibidem.)

33. But where ­ as is the case in almost all dioceses, there exists a church in which the 
Virgin Mother of God is worshipped with more intense devotion, thither on stated days let 
pilgrims flock together in great numbers and publicly and in the open give glorious 
expression to their common Faith and their common love toward the Virgin Most Holy. ...

34. But let this holy city of Rome be the first to give the example, this city which from the 
earliest Christian era worshipped the heavenly mother, its patroness, with a special 
devotion. As all know, there are many sacred edifices here, in which she is proposed for 
the devotion of the Roman people; but the greatest without doubt is the Liberian Basilica 
[St. Mary Major], in which the mosaics of Our predecessor of pious memory, Sixtus III, 
still glisten, an outstanding monument to the Divine maternity of the Virgin Mary, and in 
which the "salvation of the Roman people" (Salus Populi Romani) benignly smiles.

Source:  FULGENS CORONA, Encyclical Of Pope PIUS XII, September 8th, 1953.

What does the Bible say about the virgin


Question: "What does the Bible say about the virgin Mary?"

Answer: Mary the mother of Jesus was described by God as “highly favored” (Luke
1:28). The phrase “highly favored” comes from a single Greek word, which essentially
means “much grace.” Mary received God’s grace.
Grace is “unmerited favor,” meaning that something we receive despite the fact that we
do not deserve it. Mary needed grace from God just as the rest of us do. Mary herself
understood this fact, as she declared in Luke 1:47, “. . . and my spirit rejoices in God my
Savior. . .”

Mary recognized that she needed the Savior. The Bible never says that Mary was anyone
but an ordinary human whom God chose to use in an extraordinary way. Yes, Mary was a
righteous woman and favored (graced) by God (Luke 1:27-28). At the same time, Mary
was a sinful human being who needed Jesus Christ as her Savior, just like everyone else
(Ecclesiastes 7:20; Romans 3:23; 6:23; 1 John 1:8).

Mary did not have an “immaculate conception.” The Bible doesn’t suggest Mary’s birth
was anything but a normal human birth. Mary was a virgin when she gave birth to Jesus
(Luke 1:34-38), but the idea of the perpetual virginity of Mary is unbiblical. Matthew
1:25, speaking of Joseph, declares, “But he had no union with her until she gave birth to a
son. And he gave Him the name Jesus.”

The word “until” clearly indicates that Joseph and Mary did have sexual union after Jesus
was born. Joseph and Mary had several children together after Jesus was born. Jesus had
four half-brothers: James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas (Matthew 13:55). Jesus also had
half-sisters, although they are not named or numbered (Matthew 13:55-56). God blessed
and graced Mary by giving her several children, which in that culture was the clearest
indication of God’s blessing on a woman.

One time when Jesus was speaking, a woman in the crowd proclaimed, “Blessed is the
womb that bore You and the breasts at which You nursed” (Luke 11:27). There was never
a better opportunity for Jesus to declare that Mary was indeed worthy of praise and
adoration. What was Jesus’ response? “On the contrary, blessed are those who hear the
word of God and observe it” (Luke 11:28). To Jesus, obedience to God’s Word was more
important than being the woman who gave birth to the Savior.

Nowhere in Scripture does Jesus, or anyone else, direct any praise, glory, or adoration
towards Mary. Elizabeth, Mary’s relative, praised Mary in Luke 1:42-44, but her praise is
based on the blessing of giving birth to the Messiah. It was not based on any inherent
glory in Mary.

Mary was present at the cross when Jesus died (John 19:25). Mary was also with the
apostles on the day of Pentecost (Acts 1:14). However, Mary is never mentioned again
after Acts chapter 1. The apostles did not give Mary a prominent role. Mary’s death is not
recorded in the Bible. Nothing is said about Mary ascending to heaven or having an
exalted role there. As the earthly mother of Jesus, Mary should be respected, but she is
not worthy of our worship or adoration.

The Bible nowhere indicates that Mary can hear our prayers or that she can mediate for
us with God. Jesus is our only advocate and mediator in heaven (1 Timothy 2:5). If
offered worship, adoration, or prayers, Mary would say the same as the angels: “Worship
God!” (See Revelation 19:10; 22:9.) Mary herself sets the example for us, directing her
worship, adoration, and praise to God alone: “My soul glorifies the Lord and my spirit
rejoices in God my Savior, for He has been mindful of the humble state of His servant.
From now on all generations will call me blessed, for the Mighty One has done great
things for me — holy is His name” (Luke 1:46-49).

Is prayer to saints / Mary Biblical?

Question: "Is prayer to saints / Mary Biblical?"

Answer: The issue of Catholics praying to saints is one that is full of confusion. It is the
official position of the Roman Catholic Church that Catholics do not pray TO saints or
Mary, but rather that Catholics can ask saints or Mary to pray FOR them. The official
position of the Roman Catholic Church is that asking saints for their prayers is no
different than asking someone here on earth to pray for you. However, the practice of
many Catholics diverges from official Roman Catholic teaching. Many Catholics do in
fact pray directly to saints and/or Mary, asking them for help – instead of asking the
saints and/or Mary to intercede with God for help. Whatever the case, whether a saint or
Mary is being prayed to, or asked to pray, neither practice has any Biblical basis.

The Bible nowhere instructs believers in Christ to pray to anyone other than God. The
Bible nowhere encourages, or even mentions, believers asking individuals in Heaven for
their prayers. Why, then, do many Catholic pray to Mary and/or the saints, or request
their prayers? Catholics view Mary and saints as "intercessors" before God. They believe
that a saint, who is glorified in Heaven, has more "direct access" to God than we do.
Therefore, if a saint delivers a prayer to God, it is more effective than us praying to God
directly. This concept is blatantly unbiblical. Hebrews 4:16 tells us that we, believers here
on earth, can "...approach the throne of grace with confidence..."

1 Timothy 2:5 declares, "For there is one God and one mediator between God and men,
the man Christ Jesus." There is no one else that can mediate with God for us. If Jesus is
the ONLY mediator, that indicates Mary and saints cannot be mediators. They cannot
mediate our prayer requests to God. Further, the Bible tells us that Jesus Christ Himself is
interceding for us before the Father, "Therefore He is able to save completely those who
come to God through Him, because He always lives to intercede for them" (Hebrews
7:25). With Jesus Himself interceding for us, why would we need Mary or the saints to
intercede for us? Who would God listen to more closely than His Son? Romans 8:26-27
describes the Holy Spirit interceding for us. With the 2nd and 3rd members of the Trinity
already interceding for us before the Father in Heaven, what possible need could there be
to have Mary or the saints interceding for us?

Catholics argue that praying to Mary and the saints is no different than asking someone
here on earth to pray for you. Let us examine that claim. (1) The Apostle Paul asks other
Christians to pray for him in Ephesians 6:19. Many Scriptures describe believers praying
for one another (2 Corinthians 1:11; Ephesians 1:16; Philippians 1:19; 2 Timothy 1:3).
The Bible nowhere mentions anyone asking for someone in Heaven to pray for them. The
Bible nowhere describes anyone in Heaven praying for anyone on earth. (2) The Bible
gives absolutely no indication that Mary or the saints can hear our prayers. Mary and the
saints are not omniscient. Even glorified in Heaven, they are still finite beings with
limitations. How could they possibly hear the prayers of millions of people? Whenever
the Bible mentions praying to or speaking with the dead, it is in the context of sorcery,
witchcraft, necromancy, and divination - activities the Bible strongly condemns
(Leviticus 20:27; Deuteronomy 18:10-13). The one instance when a "saint" is spoken to,
Samuel in 1 Samuel 28:7-19, Samuel was not exactly happy to be disturbed. It is plainly
clear that praying to Mary or the saints is completely different from asking someone here
on earth to pray for you. One has a strong Biblical basis, the other has no Biblical basis

God does not answer prayers based on who is praying. God answers prayers based on
whether they are asked according to His will (1 John 5:14-15). There is absolutely no
basis or need to pray to anyone other than God alone. There is no basis for asking those
who are in Heaven to pray for us. Only God can hear our prayers. Only God can answer
our prayers. No one in Heaven has any greater access to God's throne that we do through
prayer (Hebrews 4:16).

Recommended Resource: The Gospel According to Rome: Comparing Catholic

Tradition and The Word of God by James McCarthy.

This page is also available in: Español, Português, Deutsch, Nederlands, Italiano, Polski,

Is the perpetual virginity of Mary


Question: "Is the perpetual virginity of Mary Biblical?"

Answer: It is the official position of the Roman Catholic Church that Jesus' mother Mary
remained a virgin for her entire life. Is this concept Biblical? Before we get into looking
at specific Scriptures, it is important to understand why the Roman Catholic Church
believes in the perpetual virginity of Mary. The Roman Catholic Church views Mary as
"the Mother of God" and "Queen of Heaven." Catholics believe Mary to have an exalted
place in Heaven, with the closest access to Jesus and God the Father. Such a concept is
nowhere taught in Scripture. Further, even if Mary did occupy such an exalted position,
her having sexual intercourse would not have prevented her from gaining such a position.
Sex in marriage is not sinful. Mary would have in no way defiled herself by having
sexual relations with Joseph her husband. The entire concept of the perpetual virginity of
Mary is based on an unbiblical teaching, Mary as Queen of Heaven, and on an unbiblical
understanding of sex.

So, what does the Bible say about the perpetual virginity of Mary? Using the New
American Bible, which is a Catholic translation of the Bible, we can see that the
perpetual virginity of Mary is not taught in the Bible. Matthew 1:25 NAB tells us, "He
had no relations with her until she bore a son, and he named him Jesus." He, Joseph, did
not have sexual relations with her, Mary, UNTIL after she bore a son, Jesus." The
meaning of this Scripture is abundantly clear. Joseph and Mary did not have sexual
relations until after Jesus was born. Matthew 13:55-56 NAB declares, "Is He not the
carpenter's son? Is not his mother named Mary and his brothers James, Joseph, Simon,
and Judas? Are not His sisters all with us?" Catholics claim, correctly, that the Greek
terms from "brothers" and "sisters" in these verses could also refer to male and female
relatives, not necessarily literal brothers and sisters. However, the intended meaning is
clear, they thought Jesus to be Joseph's son, the son of Mary, and the brother of James,
Joseph, Simon, and Judas, and the brother of the unnamed and unnumbered sisters.
Father, mother, brother, sister. It is straining the meaning of the text to interpret brothers
and sisters as "cousins" or "relatives" with the mentioning of Jesus' mother and father.

Matthew 12:46 NAB tells us, "While He was still speaking to the crowds, His mother and
His brothers appeared outside, wishing to speak with Him." See also Mark 3:31-34; Luke
8:19-21; John 2:12; and Acts 1:14. All mention Jesus' mother with His brothers. If they
were His cousins, or the sons of Joseph from a previous marriage, why were they
mentioned with Mary so often? The perpetual virginity of Mary cannot be drawn from
Scripture. It must be forced on Scripture, in contradiction to what the Scriptures clearly

Recommended Resource: The Gospel According to Rome: Comparing Catholic

Tradition and The Word of God by James McCarthy.

This page is also available in: Español, Português, Deutsch, Nederlands, Italiano,

What is the Assumption of Mary?

Question: "What is the Assumption of Mary?"

Answer: The Assumption of Mary (or the Assumption of the Virgin) is a doctrine which
teaches that after the mother of Jesus died, she was resurrected, glorified, and taken
bodily to heaven. The word assumption is taken from a Latin word meaning “to take up.”
The Assumption of Mary is taught by the Roman Catholic Church and, to a lesser degree,
the Eastern Orthodox Church.

The doctrine of the Assumption of Mary had its beginnings in the Byzantine Empire
around the 6th Century. An annual feast honoring Mary gradually grew into a
commemoration of Mary’s death called the Feast of Dormition (“falling asleep”). As the
practice spread to the West, an emphasis was placed on Mary’s resurrection, and the
glorification of Mary’s body as well as her soul, and the name of the feast was thereby
changed to the Assumption. It is still observed on August 15, as it was in the Middle
Ages. The Assumption of Mary was made an official dogma of the Roman Catholic
Church in 1950 by Pope Pius XII.

The Bible does record God “assuming” both Enoch and Elijah into Heaven (Genesis
5:24; 2 Kings 2:11). Therefore, it is not impossible that God would have done the same
with Mary. It is not wrong to believe that God “assumed” Mary into heaven. The problem
is that there is no biblical basis for the Assumption of Mary. The Bible does not record
Mary's death or again mention Mary after Acts chapter 1. Rather, the doctrine of the
Assumption is the result of lifting Mary to a position comparable to that of her Son. Some
Roman Catholics go so far as to teach that Mary was resurrected on the third day, just like
Jesus, and that Mary ascended into Heaven, just like Jesus. The New Testament teaches
that Jesus was resurrected on the third day (Luke 24:7) and that He ascended bodily into
heaven (Acts 1:9). To assume the same thing concerning Mary is to ascribe to her some
of the attributes of Christ. While the idea of the Assumption of Mary is not heretical in
and of itself; in the Roman Catholic Church, the Assumption of Mary is an important step
towards why Mary is venerated, worshipped, adored, and prayed to. To teach the
Assumption of Mary is a step toward making her equal to Christ, essentially proclaiming
Mary’s deity.

Recommended Resource: Reasoning from the Scriptures with Catholics by Ron


This page is also available in: Español, Português, Deutsch, Nederlands, Italiano,

What is transubstantiation?

Question: "What is transubstantiation?"

Answer: Transubstantiation is a doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church. The Catechism

of the Catholic Church defines this doctrine in section 1376:
"The Council of Trent summarizes the Catholic faith by declaring: 'Because Christ our
Redeemer said that it was truly his body that he was offering under the species of bread,
it has always been the conviction of the Church of God, and this holy Council now
declares again, that by the consecration of the bread and wine there takes place a change
of the whole substance of the bread into the substance of the body of Christ our Lord and
of the whole substance of the wine into the substance of his blood. This change the holy
Catholic Church has fittingly and properly called transubstantiation."

In other words, the Roman Catholic Church teaches that once an ordained priest blesses
the bread of the Lord's Supper, it is transformed into the actual flesh of Christ (though it
retains the appearance, odor, and taste of bread); and when he blesses the wine, it is
transformed into the actual blood of Christ (though it retains the appearance, odor, and
taste of wine). Is such a concept Biblical? There are some Scriptures that if interpreted
strictly literally would lead to the “real presence” of Christ in the bread and wine.
Examples are John 6:32-58; Matthew 26:26; Luke 22:17-23; and 1 Corinthians 11:24-25.
The passage pointed to most frequently is John 6:32-58 and especially verses 53-57,
“Jesus said to them, ‘I tell you the truth, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and
drink His blood, you have no life in you. Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood has
eternal life … For my flesh is real food and my blood is real drink. Whoever eats my
flesh and drinks my blood remains in me, and I in him … so the one who feeds on me
will live because of me.’”

Roman Catholics interpret this passage literally, and apply its message to the Lord’s
Supper, which they title the “Eucharist” or “Mass.” Those who reject the idea of
transubstantiation interpret Jesus’ words in John 6:53-57 figuratively or symbolically.
How can we know which interpretation is correct? Thankfully, Jesus made it exceedingly
obvious what He meant. John 6:63 declares, “The Spirit gives life; the flesh counts for
nothing. The words I have spoken to you are spirit and they are life.” Jesus specifically
stated that His words are “spirit.” Jesus was using physical concepts, eating and drinking,
to teach spiritual truth. Just as consuming physical food and drink sustains our physical
bodies, so are our spiritual lives saved and built up by spiritually receiving Him, by grace
through faith. Eating Jesus’ flesh and drinking His blood are symbols of fully and
completely receiving Him in our lives.

The Scriptures declare that the Lord's Supper is a memorial to the body and blood of
Christ (Luke 22:19; 1 Corinthians 11:24-25), not the actual consumption of His physical
body and blood. When Jesus was speaking in John chapter 6, Jesus had not yet had the
Last Supper with His disciples, in which He instituted the Lord’s Supper. To read the
Lord’s Supper / Christian Communion back into John chapter 6 is unwarranted. For a
more complete discussion of these issues, please read our article on the Holy Eucharist.

The most serious reason transubstantiation should be rejected is because it is viewed by

the Roman Catholic Church as a "re-sacrifice" of Jesus Christ for our sins, or as a “re-
offering / re-presentation” of His sacrifice. This is directly in contradiction to what
Scripture says, that Jesus died "once for all" and does not need to be sacrificed again
(Hebrews 10:10; 1 Peter 3:18). Hebrews 7:27 declares, "Unlike the other high priests, He
(Jesus) does not need to offer sacrifices day after day, first for his own sins, and then for
the sins of the people. He sacrificed for their sins ONCE for all when He offered

Recommended Resource: The Gospel According to Rome: Comparing Catholic

Tradition and The Word of God by James McCarthy.

This page is also available in: Español, Português, Deutsch, Nederlands, Italiano,

Are Catholic beliefs and practices


Question: "Are Catholic beliefs and practices Biblical?"

Answer: The issue concerning any church and its practices should be “Is this Biblical?”
If a teaching is Biblical (taken in context), it should be embraced. If it is not, it should be
rejected. God is more interested in whether a church is doing His will and obeying His
Word than whether it can trace a line of succession back to Jesus’ apostles. Jesus was
very concerned about abandoning the Word of God to follow the traditions of men (Mark
7:7). Traditions are not inherently invalid…there are some good and valuable traditions.
Again, the issue must be whether a doctrine, practice, or tradition is Biblical. How then
does the Roman Catholic Church compare with the teachings of the Word of God?

Salvation: The Roman Catholic Church teaches that salvation is by baptismal

regeneration and is maintained through the Catholic sacraments unless a willful act of sin
is committed that breaks the state of sanctifying grace. The Bible teaches that we are
saved by grace which is received through simple faith (Ephesians 2:8-9), and that good
works are the result of a change of the heart wrought in salvation (Ephesians 2:10; 2
Corinthians 5:17) and the fruit of that new life in Christ (John 15).

Assurance of salvation: The Roman Catholic Church teaches that salvation cannot be
guaranteed or assured. 1 John 5:13 states that the letter of 1 John was written for the
purpose of assuring believers of the CERTAINTY of their salvation.

Good Works: The Roman Catholic Church states that Christians are saved by meritorious
works (beginning with baptism) and that salvation is maintained by good works
(receiving the sacraments, confession of sin to a priest, etc.) The Bible states that
Christians are saved by grace through faith, totally apart from works (Titus 3:5;
Ephesians 2:8-9; Galatians 3:10-11; Romans 3:19-24).
Baptism: In the New Testament baptism is ALWAYS practiced AFTER saving faith in
Christ. Baptism is not the means of salvation; it is faith in the Gospel that saves (1
Corinthians 1:14-18; Romans 10:13-17). The Roman Catholic Church teaches baptismal
regeneration of infants, a practice never found in Scripture. The only possible hint of
infant baptism in the Bible that the Roman Catholic Church can point to is that the whole
household of the Philippian jailer was baptized in Acts 16:33. However, the context
nowhere mentions infants. Acts 16:31 declares that salvation is by faith. Paul spoke to all
of the household in verse 32, and the whole household believed (verse 34). This passage
only supports the baptism of those who have already believed, not of infants.

Prayer: The Roman Catholic Church teaches Catholics to not only pray to God, but also
to petition Mary and the saints for their prayers. Contrary to this, we are taught in
Scripture to only pray to God (Matthew 6:9; Luke 18:1-7).

Priesthood: The Roman Catholic Church teaches that there is a distinction between the
clergy and the “lay people,” whereas the New Testament teaches the priesthood of all
believers (1 Peter 2:9).

Sacraments: The Roman Catholic Church teaches that a believer is infused with grace
upon reception of the sacraments. Such teaching is nowhere found in Scripture.

Confession: The Roman Catholic Church teaches that unless a believer is hindered, the
only way to receive the forgiveness of sins is by confessing them to a priest. Contrary to
this, Scripture teaches that confession of sins is to be made to God (1 John 1:9).

Mary: The Roman Catholic Church teaches, among other things, that Mary is the Queen
of Heaven, a perpetual virgin, and the co-redemptress who ascended into heaven. In
Scripture, she is portrayed as an obedient, believing servant of God, who became the
mother of Jesus. None of the other attributes mentioned by the Roman Catholic Church
have any basis in the Bible. The idea of Mary being the co-redemptress and another
mediator between God and man is not only extra-biblical (found only outside of
Scripture), but is also unbiblical (contrary to Scripture). Acts 4:12 declares that Jesus is
the only redeemer. 1 Timothy 2:5 proclaims that Jesus is the only mediator between God
and men.

Many other examples could be given. These issues alone clearly identify the Catholic
Church as being unbiblical. Every Christian denomination has traditions and practices
that are not explicitly based on Scripture. That is why Scripture must be the standard of
Christian faith and practice. The Word of God is always true and reliable. The same
cannot be said of church tradition. Our guideline is to be: “What does Scripture say?”
(Romans 4:3; Galatians 4:30; Acts 17:11). 2 Timothy 3:16-17 declares, “All Scripture is
God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting, and training in
righteousness, so that the man of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work.”

Recommended Resource: Reasoning from the Scriptures with Catholics by Ron


This page is also available in: Español, Português, Deutsch, Nederlands, Italiano,

Is salvation by faith alone, or by faith plus


Question: "Is salvation by faith alone, or by faith plus works?"

Answer: This is perhaps the most important question in all of Christian theology. This
question is the cause of the Reformation - the split between the Protestant church and
Catholic church. This question is a key difference between Biblical Christianity and most
of the "Christian" cults. Is salvation by faith alone, or by faith plus works? Am I saved
just by believing in Jesus, or do I have to believe in Jesus and do certain things?

The question of faith alone or faith plus works is made difficult by some hard-to-
reconcile Bible passages. Compare Romans 3:28, 5:1 and Galatians 3:24 with James
2:24. Some see a difference between Paul (salvation is by faith alone) and James
(salvation is by faith plus works). In reality, Paul and James did not disagree at all. The
only point of disagreement some people claim is over the relationship between faith and
works. Paul dogmatically says that justification is by faith alone (Ephesians 2:8-9) while
James appears to be saying that justification is by faith plus works. This apparent problem
is answered by examining what exactly James is talking about. James is refuting the
belief that a person can have faith without producing any good works (James 2:17-18).
James is emphasizing the point that genuine faith in Christ will produce a changed life
and good works (James 2:20-26). James is not saying that justification is by faith plus
works, but rather that a person who is truly justified by faith will have good works in his
life. If a person claims to be a believer, but has no good works in his life – then he likely
does not have genuine faith in Christ (James 2:14, 17, 20, 26).

Paul says the same thing in his writings. The good fruit believers should have in their
lives is listed in Galatians 5:22-23. Immediately after telling us that we are saved by faith,
not works (Ephesians 2:8-9), Paul informs us that we were created to do good works
(Ephesians 2:10). Paul expects just as much of a changed life as James does, “Therefore,
if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation; the old has gone, the new has come” (2
Corinthians 5:17)! James and Paul do not disagree on their teaching on salvation. They
approach the same subject from different perspectives. Paul simply emphasized that
justification is by faith alone while James put emphasis on the fact that faith in Christ
produces good works.
Recommended Resource: Faith Alone: The Evangelical Doctrine of Justification by
R.C. Sproul.

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How can salvation be not of works when

faith is required? Isn't believing a work?

Question: "How can salvation be not of works when faith is required? Isn't
believing a work?"

Answer: Our salvation depends solely upon Jesus Christ. He is our substitute, taking
sin’s penalty (2 Corinthians 5:21); He is our Savior from sin (John 1:29); He is the author
and finisher of our faith (Hebrews 12:2). The work necessary to provide salvation was
fully accomplished by Jesus Himself, who lived a perfect life, took God’s judgment for
sin, and rose again from the dead (Hebrews 10:12).

The Bible is quite clear that our own works do not help merit salvation. “Not by works of
righteousness which we have done” (Titus 3:5). “Not of works” (Ephesians 2:9). “There
is none righteous, no not one” (Romans 3:10). This means that offering sacrifices,
keeping the commandments, going to church, being baptized, and other good deeds are
incapable of saving anyone. No matter how “good” we are, we can never measure up to
God’s standard of holiness (Romans 3:23; Matthew 19:17; Isaiah 64:6).

The Bible is just as clear that salvation is conditional; God does not save everyone. The
one condition for salvation is faith in Jesus Christ. Nearly 200 times in the New
Testament, faith (or belief) is declared to be the sole condition for salvation (John 1:12;
Acts 16:31).

One day, some people asked Jesus what they could do to please God: “What shall we do,
that we might work the works of God?” Jesus immediately points them to faith: “This is
the work of God, that ye believe on Him whom He hath sent” (John 6:28-29). So, the
question is about God’s requirements (plural), and Jesus’ answer is, “God’s requirement
(singular) is that you BELIEVE Me.”

Grace is God’s giving us something we cannot earn or deserve. According to Romans

11:6, “work” of any kind destroys grace—the idea is that a worker earns payment, while
the recipient of grace simply receives it, unearned. Since salvation is all of grace, it
cannot be earned. Faith, therefore, is a non-work. Faith cannot truly be considered a
“work,” or else it would destroy grace. (See also Romans 4—Abraham’s salvation was
dependent on faith in God, as opposed to any work he performed.)

Suppose a unknown benefactor—someone with whom I had no previous dealings

whatsoever—sent me a check for $1,000,000. The money is mine if I want it, but I still
must endorse the check. In no way can signing my name be considered earning the
million dollars—the endorsement is a non-work. I can never boast about becoming a
millionaire through sheer effort or my own business savvy. No, the million dollars was
simply a gift, and signing my name was the only way to receive it. Similarly, exercising
faith is only the way to receive the generous gift of God, and faith cannot be considered a
work worthy of the gift.

True faith cannot be considered a work because true faith involves a cessation of our
works in the flesh. True faith has as its object Jesus and His work on our behalf. See
Matthew 11:28-29 and Hebrews 4:10.

To take this a step further, true faith cannot be considered a work because even faith is a
gift from God, not something we produce on our own. “For by grace are ye saved,
through faith; and that [faith] not of yourselves: it [faith] is the gift of God” (Ephesians
2:8). “No man can come to Me, except the Father which hath sent Me draw him” (John
6:44). Praise the Lord for His power to save and for His grace to make salvation a reality!

Recommended Resource: Faith Alone: The Evangelical Doctrine of Justification by

R.C. Sproul.

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Worship of Mary
(From Forerunner Commentary)

A major area of doctrine that sets Roman Catholicism apart from the rest of this world's
Christianity is its view of Mary, the mother of Jesus. Many weighty schools of thought
and doctrine center on the person and function of Mary, and if one examines Roman
Catholicism to any degree, the importance Catholics place on the mother of our Savior
becomes readily apparent.

These beliefs are not just intellectual. They have led to applications and manifestations
that literally fill volumes. For example, when a Catholic prays the rosary, the "Hail Mary"
is said nine times as often as the Lord's Prayer. Every Catholic church boasts a statue of
Mary, if not an outright shrine, and the graven images of Mary often have more
prominence than those of Christ.

This emphasis on Mary caused Mark Twain to observe in The Innocents Abroad,
Volume II:

In all seriousness—without meaning to be frivolous—without meaning to be

irreverent, and more than all, without meaning to be blasphemous,—I state as my simple
deduction from the things I have seen and the things I have heard, that the Holy
Personages rank thus in Rome:

First—"The Mother of God"—otherwise the Virgin Mary.

Second—The Deity.


Fourth—Some twelve or fifteen canonized Popes and martyrs.

Fifth—Jesus Christ the Saviour—(but always as an infant in arms).

I may be wrong in this—my judgment errs often, just as is the case with other men's
—but it is my judgment, be it good or bad.

Just here I will mention something that seems curious to me. There are no "Christ's
Churches" in Rome, and no "Churches of the Holy Ghost," that I can discover. There are
some four hundred churches, but about a fourth of them seem to be named for the
Madonna and St. Peter. There are so many named for Mary that they have to be
distinguished by all sorts of affixes, if I understand the matter rightly.

David C. Grabbe
Is Mary Worthy of Worship?

Luke 1:26-30 (Go to this verse :: Verse pop-up)

This is the sole scriptural reference that even remotely suggests that Mary might be
worthy of worship. While the angel gives Mary a number of high compliments, nothing
indicates that she is worthy of worship, let alone being an intercessor between Jesus
Christ and His followers, a Co-Redemptrix, sinless for her entire life, or given any other
honor aside from being God's chosen vessel for the purpose of the Son of God being
made flesh and blood. This is not to denigrate that role in the least, because truly it is a
great honor, but God has throughout the ages chosen various people to fill different roles
according to His will and purpose—and none of them are shown to be worthy of worship.

In verse 28, Gabriel tells Mary in his salutation that she is "highly favored," and in
verse 30, that she "has found favor with God." The Greek word translated highly favored
means "to grace," "to endue with special honor," or "to be accepted." The only other place
it is used is Ephesians 1:6, where Paul says to the church at Ephesus and to the body of
Christ generally, ". . . to the praise of the glory of His grace, by which He made us
accepted in the Beloved." From this example, we can see that being "highly favored" is
not synonymous with being worthy of worship. Everyone in the body of Christ is highly
favored because God has accepted us through the justification brought about by Christ's

In verse 30, Gabriel tells Mary that she has found favor with God. "Favor" is the Greek
word charis, which means "graciousness of manner or action." It indicates favor on the
part of the giver and thankfulness on the part of the receiver. It is most often translated
"grace" in the New Testament. Gabriel tells Mary that she is the recipient of charis, of
grace and favor by God—the emphasis is on what God is doing. The type of grace
bestowed on Mary is implied to be sweetness, charm, loveliness, joy, and delight. Again,
we see nothing in this verse to give any indication that Mary should be worshipped. She
simply received God's favor by being chosen to fulfill this role.

David C. Grabbe
Is Mary Worthy of Worship?

Luke 1:26-30 (Go to this verse :: Verse pop-up)

The references to Mary in Luke 1 are the core scriptures that Catholic scholars use to
try to prove that Mary is worthy of our worship. It is evident that the verses say little
more than that Mary was given grace and favor by God, as we all have. They simply
cannot be used as a starting point for establishing a doctrine of worship.

Aside from the little that the Bible says about Mary, there are other significant biblical
principles that directly contradict a doctrine of Mary-worship. We could examine a whole
host of scriptures relating to human death and resurrection to show that Mary is in the
same condition as the rest of the dead in Christ—awaiting the resurrection, without
consciousness, and not in heaven (Psalm 146:3-4; Ecclesiastes 9:5; Job 14:12; John 3:13;
Acts 2:29-34; I Corinthians 15:12-55; see also Is Heaven the Reward of the Saved?). We
could look at a vast array of scriptures that show that Mary-worship is indeed idolatry,
because only God the Father and Jesus Christ are worthy of our worship (Exodus 34:14;
Matthew 4:10). We could delve into the singular role that Jesus Christ plays as Mediator
of the New Covenant—a role in which He does not need any help (Hebrews 8:6; 9:15;
12:24). These are not difficult concepts. Nevertheless, there is a vital lesson to be learned
from this obviously erroneous doctrine.

The veneration of Mary, like many pagan practices, has its origin in the heathen
religious system created by Nimrod and Semiramis, and more specifically, from the
worship of the "Mother and Child." Through the millennia, the symbol of the "Mother
and Child" has been endlessly repeated; one can find evidence of Mother-and-Child
worship in all of the nations in ancient times. Though her characteristics varied from
culture to culture, the common element is that the Mother was the Queen of Heaven, and
she bore fruit even though a virgin.

In China, Semiramis became known as the "Holy Mother." The Germans named her
"Hertha." The Scandinavians called her "Disa." Among the Druids, the "Vigo-Paritura"
was worshipped as the "Mother of God." To the Greeks, she was "Aphrodite." To the
Romans she was known as "Venus," and her son was "Jupiter." The Canaanites, and
sometimes even the Israelites, worshipped "Ashtoreth" (Judges 2:13; 10:6; I Samuel 7:3-
4; 12:10; I Kings 11:5, 33; II Kings 23:13), who was also known as "the queen of
heaven" (Jeremiah 7:18). In Ephesus, the Great Mother was known as "Diana." T.W.
Doane in his book Bible Myths sums it up this way: "Thus we see that the Virgin and
child were worshipped in pagan times from China to Britain . . . and even in Mexico the
'Mother and child' were worshipped."

This false worship, having spread from Babylon to the various nations, finally became
established at Rome and throughout the Roman Empire. James George Frazer in his The
Golden Bough observes:

The worship of the Great Mother . . . was very popular under the Roman Empire.
Inscriptions prove that the [Mother and the Child] received divine honors . . . not only in
Italy and especially at Rome, but also in the provinces, particularly in Africa, Spain,
Portugal, France, Germany, and Bulgaria. (vol. 1, p. 356)

One of the repeated patterns of the Roman church is syncretism, bringing pagan beliefs
and practices into the church to keep certain groups happy. This is the same mechanism
by which Christmas, Easter, Sunday-worship, and the pagan trinity-god were brought into
the Roman church—and which most of mainstream Christianity has accepted without
question. The church allowed the pagans within it to continue their practices—in this
case, the worship of the Great Mother—only in a slightly different form and with a new
name. Many pagans had been drawn to Christianity, but so strong in their mind was the
adoration for the Mother-goddess, that they did not want to forsake her. Compromising
church leaders saw that, if they could find some similarity in Christianity with the
Mother-goddess worship of the pagans, they could increase their numbers by bringing
many pagans into their fold. Of course, Mary fit the bill perfectly. So the pagans were
allowed to continue their prayers and devotion to the Mother-goddess, but her name was
changed to Mary. In this way, the pagan worship of the Mother was given the appearance
of Christianity, and the course was set.
Scripture cannot be used as a starting place for attempting to prove that Mary is worthy
of worship. The true beginning for this practice lies with Semiramis and the Babylonian
system begun by Nimrod. When the Catholic Encyclopedia presents as proof the
historical fact that early Catholics venerated and worshipped Mary, it conveniently leaves
out the fact that this adoration started in paganism and was shifted to the personage of the
mother of Christ. Once the Roman Church adopted this practice, support had to be found
for it, so it "interpreted" Scripture in a way that would lend credence to this practice.
However, in these explanations it is apparent that Catholics start with a conclusion and
then attempt to find support for it.

David C. Grabbe
Is Mary Worthy of Worship?

Luke 1:41-42 (Go to this verse :: Verse pop-up)

Mary's cousin Elizabeth is inspired to recognize that Mary's baby is not just an
ordinary baby, and she calls both Mary and her unborn Son "blessed." Blessed literally
means "to speak well of." It signifies celebrating with praises and invoking blessings
upon a person. The New Testament uses it frequently, sometimes in relation to Christ, but
often in relation to inanimate objects such as fish and loaves of bread. The Amplified
Bible translates it as "favored of God." Again, nothing in the wording indicates that Mary
is worthy of worship.

Mary is not the only woman to be given the title of "blessed" in the Bible. In the Song
of Deborah, Jael—the woman who invited the fleeing Sisera into her tent, encouraged
him to sleep, and then drove a tent peg through his skull—is accorded this same honor:
"Most blessed among women is Jael, the wife of Heber the Kenite; blessed is she among
women in tents" (Judges 5:24). Here, she is lauded as "blessed"—even "most blessed"—
but there is no record of a shrine dedicated to her or of anybody worshipping her. She is
simply recognized with a very honorable mention for the part she played in carrying out
God's plan.

David C. Grabbe
Is Mary Worthy of Worship?

Luke 11:27-28 (Go to this verse :: Verse pop-up)

During Christ's ministry, a woman tries to draw special attention to Jesus' mother, and
Christ puts things in the proper perspective for us.
Jesus agrees that, even though his mother was "happy and to be envied," as the
Amplified Bible puts it, even more blessed is anyone who hears God's Word and obeys it.
He acknowledges that, yes, His mother was a fine lady—but anyone focusing on the
personage of Mary was really missing the point. Christ was interested in the attitude and
conduct of people, not their veneration of any human being!

We see a similar phenomenon within mainstream Christianity. Protestants tend to twist

the gospel into simply a message about the person of Jesus Christ, and they like to gloss
over the message that He actually spoke: "Repent [hear and obey], so you can be in
alignment with the soon-coming Kingdom of God!" (Matthew 3:2; 4:17; Mark 1:15).
They are so in love with the personality that they cannot hear what He says.

David C. Grabbe
Is Mary Worthy of Worship?

Exposing the Idolatry of Mary Worship: Catholic

Dogma, Pt. 1
Selected Scriptures GC 90-315

John MacArthur
All Rights Reserved

A copy of this message on CD may be obtained by visiting www.GTY.org or by calling 1-


As you are well aware, tonight we are going to do the second in a series of the
idolatry of Mary worship. Just to begin with, I want to call two portions of
Scripture to your attention as a kind of a biblical beginning for what it is that I am
going to say. And the first portion of Scripture is one with which we concluded
last time from Jeremiah’s prophecy. In the prophecy of Jeremiah and chapter 7,
we read about the children of Judah as those who gathered wood, verse 18,
Jeremiah 7, kindled fire and the women kneed dough to make cakes for the
Queen of Heaven. In the forty-fourth chapter of Jeremiah, this same kind of
pagan idolatry is addressed again. Jeremiah 44 verse 17, “God indicts Judah
further for burning sacrifices to the Queen of Heaven and pouring out libations to
her.” This is not new, our forefathers did it, our kings, our princes did it in the
cities of Judah, in the streets of Jerusalem. There was widespread worship of
this goddess called the Queen of Heaven. It was addressed by the prophet.
People were asked to cease doing it. They refused to do that. When trouble
came, finally they acquiesced, diminished their attention to the Queen of
Heaven. And when the judgment of God fell, they blamed it not on the way they
had dealt with God, but on the fact that they had stopped sacrificing to the queen
of heaven. They were consumed with the worship of the goddess, and it comes
up again in verse 25 of Jeremiah 44, again referring to burning sacrifices to the
Queen of Heaven.

God condemns apostate Judah for worshiping this goddess of paganism called
the Queen of Heaven that has had a number of different names throughout
history. The latest name for this goddess, sad to say, is a name borrowed from
the earthly mother of our Lord, none other than Mary who has now been
morphed by apostate Christianity into the latest edition of the Queen of Heaven.
Is it important to address this issue? It is. First Timothy chapter 1 lays out for
anyone in ministry what is an important mandate. First Timothy 1:3, Paul says, “I
urge you that you may instruct certain men not to teach strange doctrines, nor
pay attention to myths and endless genealogies which give rise to mere
speculation, rather than furthering the administration of God which is by faith.”

You have to address the people who teach strange doctrine and myths. And
verse 5, “And the goal of our instruction is love from a pure heart.” It’s important
to say at the outset that this is not because we are mad or hateful or resentful,
but it is love from a pure heart. If you do not address error, if you do not address
strange doctrine, damning heresy, this is not love, this is indifference. Love from
a pure heart and a clear conscience and a sincere faith demands such a
confrontation. And so we come to address this same age-old goddess heresy of
paganism in its newest form with the modern goddess having stolen the name of
Mary, a terrible dishonor to her. But there is nothing sacred to Satan anyway.
And to address it is not a lack of love, but is the sincerest, purest kind of love
rising out of a good conscience and a sincere faith.

Now in part 1 I surveyed a brief representation of Mary worship from Roman

Catholic dogma and Roman Catholic testimony. Starting from the fifth century
into the eighteenth century, we looked at a book called The Glories of Mary by
St. Alphonsus Delaguarie(?) originally written in 1745. It is a history of devotion
to Mary reaching back to the fifth century, reprinted many, many times. The
particular edition that I had is a reprint copy of a 1931 edition, translated out of
Italian, it was originally written in Italian. Always with the official imprimatur of the
Catholic Church. I have another edition of it, 1981, with the official stamp of the
Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York.

The inescapable conclusion from all of that 750 pages of material collected
through all the centuries and the additional things that have come since the
eighteenth century, many of which I referred to, is that the Roman Church has
deified Mary. This is their own affirmation, called for worship to be given to her,
affirmed that she possesses attributes that belong only to the Triune God. And
such worship and attribution is blasphemous and satanic and assaults God the
Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit. So we dealt with the Roman
Catholic attitude toward Mary, as noted from the history of devotion to her.

I want to dig a little deeper now and I want to look not at expressions and prayers
directed at Mary, but I want to look at actual Roman Catholic doctrine. What do
they actually affirm to be true, that is from God inspired revelation regarding
Mary. Everything I am going to say to you is foreign to Scripture. So if you
expect me to give you passages in which they find these things, there are none.
In most cases, even in their own literature, they will acknowledge that there are
no Scripture passages to support any of these dogmas. However, that is not a
problem. Conveniently in all forms of false Christianity you have other revelation,
whether it’s the Book of Mormon, or Science and the Key to the Scriptures, or
whatever it is, heresy is going to come from other sources of revelation. So in
Roman Catholic theology you have another source of revelation, that is the
Magisterium, that is the Church tradition, that which the Church, the Pope who
represents Christ says is inspired by God. That is in reality not only the equal of
Scripture but superior to Scripture, since the Church is the only valid interpreter,
authoritative interpreter of Scripture, it sits in judgment on the Scripture. So it’s
not a problem for them that there’s no Bible support for any of these views. They
find their support in their own tradition which they consider to be equal to, if not
superior to Scripture.

Let me give you a list of these dogmas about Mary. The first one is called the
Doctrine of the Immaculate Conception...the Doctrine of the Immaculate
Conception. Most people misunderstand this, they think it means that Mary gave
birth to Jesus as a virgin. It has nothing to do with the birth of Jesus. The
Doctrine of the Immaculate Conception is about the birth of Mary. It has nothing
to do with the birth of Jesus. It was 1854 and Pope Pius IX issued the famous
Bull Effabillis(????), ineffable, ineffabilis. Ineffable means sacred, it means
divine, it means transcendent. This bull, this document that came out of the
Pope is even called ineffabilis deus, God’s ineffable declaration. It says this,
quote: “Mary was preserved by Immaculate Conception when conceived in her
mother’s body and was miraculously free from pollution of sin inherited from
Adam. She was in soul and body holy, sinless, stainless, undefiled, pure
innocence,” end quote. That is a segment of this ineffabilis deus from 1854. If I
would give you even more, it says this, “Accordingly by the inspiration of the Holy
Spirit through the Pope for the honor of the holy and undivided Trinity for the
glory and adornment of the Virgin Mother of God, for the exaltation of the
Catholic religion by the authority of Jesus Christ our Lord, of the blessed
Apostles, Peter and Paul, and by our own...that is our own blessed Apostles...we
declare, pronounce and define that the doctrine which holds the Most Blessed
Virgin Mary in the first instance of her conception by a singular grace and
privilege granted by Almighty God in view of the merits of Jesus Christ, the
Savior of the human race, was preserved free from all stain of Original Sin. This
is a doctrine revealed by God and therefore to be believed firmly and constantly
by all the faithful,” end quote.

The same Pope, Pius IX, stated how serious an issue it is to reject this dogma.
And I quote, “Hence, if anyone shall dare which God forbid to think otherwise
than has been defined by us, let him know and understand that he is condemned
by his own judgment, that he has suffered shipwreck in the faith, that he has
separated from the unity of the Church and that furthermore by his own action he
incurs the penalties established by Law if he should dare to express in words or
writing or by any other outward means the error he thinks in his heart,” end

You are damned and you will be excommunicated if you question this doctrine.
Now this is part of the system that by sheer fear and intimidation and heavy
handedness binds people to do what they say you must do or be damned. The
Church further says, “God exempted Mary from sin to make her the repairer of
the lost world. We are all saved by Mary from the shipwreck of sin. By Mary the
whole human race was rescued from death. She crushed the head of the
serpent. She to do this had to be guiltless, free from Original Sin and personal

Delaguarie in his book on page 297 writes, “Even her body was preserved from
corruption after death.” Quote: “The flesh of Mary and that of Christ are one, the
glory of the Son with that of His mother.”

So, the first of the Catholic dogmas to which one must adhere or be
anathematized is that Mary was immaculately conceived, that is she was without
the stain of original sin. The second and obvious corollary is the Doctrine of her
Permanent Sinlessness....her Permanent Sinlessness. The Roman Catholic
Catechism from 1994, page 490, number 2030 says this, quote: “The Church
finds its example of holiness and recognizes its model and source in the all-holy
Virgin Mary.” Delaguarie says, quote: “There never was and never will be an
offering on the part of a pure creature greater or more perfect than that which
Mary made to God when at the age of three she presented herself in the temple
to offer God not aromatic spices, nor calves, nor gold, but her entire self in His
honor. At three she came to the temple, fell down, kissed the ground, adored
God’s majesty, thanked Him for His favor, and without reserving anything, all her
powers and all her senses and her whole mind and body, she vowed virginity
saying, ‘My Lord and my God.’”

Page 348 of Delaguarie says, “She is called the holy child and she progressed in
perfection.” Born sinless, the all-holy virgin progressed in sinless perfection.
One wonders why she says in Luke 1:47, “My spirit has rejoiced in God my
That leads to a third dogma and this is one, I think, is well-known by most people
who have any association with the Roman Catholic Church because it’s been
around a long time, it’s the Doctrine of Perpetual Virginity. This gets very
bizarre. Not only did she not have Original Sin, immaculately conceived without
the Original Sin of Adam, not only was she sinless, but she was a perpetual
virgin. This was held in 553, sixth century, and it was actually made dogma in the
seventh century at the Laterin(?) Council, 649, under Pope Martin I. This dogma
of perpetual virginity states that she was a virgin before Jesus’ birth...that is
accurate, by the way, Matthew 1:25. She is clearly indicated to be a virgin. She
was a virgin, said this council in 649, and says this doctrine, listen...she was a
virgin during Jesus birth. What does that mean? Quote, “Mary gave birth in
miraculous fashion without any opening of her womb and injury to her body and
without pain.” Now without getting very descriptive about that kind of thing,
simply say this, they cannot allow a sinless Mary to have any wound or any injury
to her physical body whatsoever. So the dogma says Jesus came out some
miraculous way without ever coming through the birth canal because that would
have created some injury to her perfect body. This is not some obscure doctrine,
this I have read in numerous places.

She was a virgin, it’s true, before His birth. They want to make her a virgin even
during the birth, and that’s a kind of a strange approach to virginity. But the
absolute untouched, unscarred, unwounded body of this goddess to them is
important. And then and most importantly, that after Jesus’ birth, she remained a
virgin for life. This is what her perpetual virginity is all about. Shreck(?) in The
Basics of the Faith, a Catholic Catechism, says, “Out of respect for the fact that
God Himself had dwelt and grown in her womb, she remained a virgin all her
life....all her life.” This, of course, is utterly contrary to what the Scripture says.
Matthew 1:18, the birth of Jesus Christ was as follows. “When His mother Mary
had been betrothed to Joseph before they came together, she was found to be
with child.” What does that tell you? Before they came together means at some
point they came together. How hard is that? Things are so utterly obvious and 1
Corinthian 7 says that if she withheld her body from her husband, she sinned.
First Corinthians 7:3 to 5 says, “It’s a sin to withhold yourself from your husband.
Your body is not your own, it is your husband’s even as your husband’s body is
not his, it is your’s.” Matthew 13:55, “Is not this the carpenter’s son? Is not His
mother called Mary and his brothers, James and Joseph and Simon and Judas
and His sisters are they not all with us?” Everybody knew Mary had sons,
daughters. John 7 talks about Jesus’ brothers not believing in Him, later they did
after the resurrection.

What does the Roman Catholic Church say about this? They say they were all
cousins. Even though none of those passages uses the word anepsios which is
the word for cousin, but whenever it refers to the brothers it uses adelphos which
means brothers. So you have these strange doctrines, Immaculate Conception
which means conceived without sin; perpetual sinlessness which leads to the
obvious perpetual virginity. At the end of her life we come to what they call the
fourth of their important doctrines concerning Mary, the doctrine of the
Assumption. You may have heard of that, the Assumption, or the Ascension.
This doctrine didn’t find a place in the actual canon of Catholic theology until
1950. It was November the first, 1950, Pope Pious XII made it official that Mary
ascended into heaven. Quote, “The bodily assumption of the Blessed Virgin
Mary into heaven is a dogma of the divine and Catholic faith.” Born without sin,
lived without sin, lived as a virgin and left this world by ascending into heaven.

Now this idea about Mary, though it really wasn’t formally dogmatized until the
twentieth century goes way, way back and you start to read about this in the fifth
century as paganism and pagan goddess worship at the very earliest gets
mingled. Remember the Holy Roman Empire, as it was called, the Holy Roman
Empire was really not holy, it was Roman, for sure, but the emperor in the 325
decided that the best thing to do to unify the great empire was to make
everybody automatically a Christian. And since the emperor was rife with
paganism, they just married a kind of Christianity with paganism and all of this
came very early. So it’s in the rule of somebody who calls himself Galacius(?) I,
a self-appointed leader of the church in the fifth century, this comes up at that
time. There’s a discussion about Mary being assumed into heaven. So already
this goddess cult has imposed itself on poor Mary. And it was at first considered
heretical. There was no evidence for it historically, there’s no evidence for it
biblically, obviously. So the earliest appearance of this idea is in a very
apocryphal work, an unreliable work like the gospel of Judas and hundreds of
others. It was called Transidus Getti Marii (???) and it was in the fifth century it
was denounced as a heresy. So when it first showed up in the fifth century, the
400's, it is denounced as a heresy. But things began to develop over the years in
regard to Mary. Praying to Mary arrives in 600...400 or 500 years later the rosary
comes into play in 1090. But it’s not until 1950 that this original idea which was
considered to be a heresy that Mary was assumed into heaven in an ascension,
it isn’t until 1950 until it finally becomes dogma.

One of the modern day apologists for Roman Catholicism is a man named Carl
Keating (??). Carl Keating is very aggressive in defending Catholicism, writing
about it, particularly he goes after evangelical Protestants who are ignorant and
unwitting and are easily victimized. Carl Keating says this in his book,
Catholicism and Fundamentalism. That will tell you where he’s directing his
efforts at advocacy for the Catholic Church. Carl Keating writes, quote: “It was
the Catholic Church that was commanded by Christ to teach all nations infallibly.
The mere fact that the Church teaches the Doctrine of the Assumption as
something definitely true is a guarantee that it is true.” Carl Keating, probably
one of the two or three leading apologists in our day for Roman Catholicism, if
the church commanded by Christ to teach all nations infallibly says it’s true, then
the fact that the Church says it’s true is a guarantee that it’s true. Catholic
theology says that Mary went to heaven intact to reign and to take possession of
the Kingdom of Heaven.
There are hymns to Mary at her death. Here’s one. “Uplift the voice and sing,
the daughter and the spouse, the mother of the King to whom creation bows.
Praise to Mary, endless praise, raise your joyful voices, raise. Praise to God who
reigns above, who has made her for His love. When Mary lingered yet in exile
from her Son, like fairest lily set mid thorns of earth alone.” And then the chorus,
“Praise to Mary, endless praise,” etc. “To be with God on high, her heart was all
on fire. He sought...She sought and asked to die with humble sweet desire. At
length her heavenly spouse who loved her with such love, invites her to repose
with him in heaven above. Praise to Mary, endless praise, raise your joyful
voices, raise.” Delaguarie(?) writes, page 144, “At her ascension, purgatory was
emptied out.” Whoever at that moment was in purgatory was released.

So you have those four very, very strange and unbiblical ideas about Mary. To
deny any of them, to deny any official dogma of the Roman Catholic Church is to
be anathematized, condemned and damned. And from the Church’s viewpoint,
excommunicated. Those four have considerations for her earthly life. She came
in sinless. She lived sinlessly. She lived as a virgin and upon death was
immediately ascended or assumed into heaven.

Now that puts her into heaven and we turn the page and talk about how the
Catholic Church views her role in heaven. The first four, how they view her on
earth. The remainder, how they view her in heaven. And I want to be careful
about this and I want to be somewhat detailed because it’s so important that you
understand this and that we make sure the sources are indicated. Let’s make
this number five in our list, the first four relating to life here, the next relating to
life in heaven from the Catholic view.

The first thing you want to know about Mary in heaven is she is immediately
identified as the mother of God and the Queen of Heaven. Ludwig Ott, page 211,
his theology, “Mary’s right to reign as Queen of Heaven is a consequence of her
divine motherhood.” She is ever and always the mother of God, the mother of
God, the mother of God...a very, very misleading statement, a very unbiblical
statement. She, in fact, dominates the whole church calendar. There are, and I
counted them with my finger over the Catholic calendar, there are about 50
annual feasts and festivals devoted to Mary, 42 of them on set days, and five of
them are variable. Starting in January and running through December, there are
47 to be exact, feasts and festivals devoted to the mother of God and the Queen
of Heaven. It was John Paul II who dedicated himself and his pontificate to
Mary. He is the Pope who was just replaced. His personal motto, Totus(?)
Tuos(?) Sum Maria, “I am all yours, Mary.” On October 8th, the year 2000, before
the image of Fatima virgin, an early appearance...supposed appearance of Mary,
the Pope stood before the image of Fatima and consecrated the world and the
new millennium to his personal and heaven’s own queen whom he called “Mary
most holy.” Pious XII, the same one we mentioned earlier, put forth this
statement, Ad coelli(?) reginam(?), quote: “The Blessed Virgin Mary is to be
called queen not only on account of her divine motherhood, but also because by
the will of God she had a great part in the work of our salvation. In this work of
redemption, the Blessed Virgin Mary was closely associated with her Christ, just
as Christ because He redeemed us is by a special title our King and Lord, so too
His blessed Mary are queen and our mistress because of the unique way in
which she cooperated in our redemption. She provided her very substance for
His body, she offered Him willingly for us and she took a unique part in our
salvation by desiring it, praying for it and so obtaining it,” end quote. So she
deserves to be called the mother of God and the queen of heaven.

It was Newsweek magazine, it was August 1997, Newsweek said, “Mary has
changed the Trinity into a holy quartet. Mary is viewed as the spouse of the Holy
Spirit, the mother of the Son and the daughter of the Father. And even an
outsider looking in can see that she is treated as a fourth member of the

Where did this idea of “mother of God” come from, so misleading, as if God had
a mother who gave birth to Him? This was first used by Alexander Bishop of
Alexandria in the fourth century. Goddess worship, the very outset, the Holy
Roman Empire comes into existence in the fourth century, early in the century.
This mother of God comes in rapidly by the year 431 and the Council of Ephesus
and 451, The Council of Chalcedon, this is established. She is to be called the
mother of God, this contributes to centuries and centuries and centuries of
accumulated deification of Mary. She becomes equal to God. And though the
Church tries its best to wiggle out of this, it tries its best to deny this, the truth of
the matter is, she really is superior to God and superior to Christ as becomes
very evident in what they say and in how they portray her in cathedrals all over
the world. She rules in heaven as queen, sovereign, saving, sanctifying,
sympathizing, all this power is given to her that belongs only to God. Again it’s
Carl Keating who’s trying to sell the Catholic faith to fundamentalists who says,
quote, “God’s grace is not conferred on anyone without Mary’s cooperation.”

Number six in my list as to how the Catholic Church views her is not so much a
dogma but it is an experience of Mary that is so widely accepted and
acknowledged. It’s as good as a dogma. Let’s just call it apparitions. Mary
keeps appearing. Have you noticed? She keeps appearing. She descends from
heaven to earth to make herself known to people. She comes quite frequently.
She always comes with secret messages. She comes with secret messages for
very isolated people.

She came to Benoit(?) near Liege in Belgium. In 1933 she appeared eight times
to an eleven-year-old peasant girl. She came again to Barrange(??) in Belgium
in 19...it’s really about the same period of time, started in ‘32 and ended in ‘33.
She appeared 33 times to five little children in the garden of a convent. She
came to Fatima which, by the way, I should have said earlier, is in Portugal. She
appeared there six times in 1917 to three children in a field. Fatima is north of
Lisbon. She came to Guadalupe, Mexico, appeared four times back in 1531 to
an Indian by the name of Juan Diego on a hill outside Mexico City. She came to
Lasalette(?), France appearing as a sorrowing and weeping figure again to two
peasant children. She came to Lourdes, you probably heard about Lourdes in
France, identifying herself as the Immaculately Conceived Mary, affirming the
Catholic doctrine. She appears 18 times between February 11 and July 16,
1858, all 18 times to a 14-year-old named Bernadette Subiero(??). She appears
at a grotto near Lourdes, which again is in southern France. She appears three
times in 1830 to Catherine Lavorae(??) in the chapel of the mother house of the
Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul in Reudebak(?) near Paris. And
those are just a few that come out of the Catholic Almanac.

She comes a lot. She comes quite regularly. In fact, the apparitions are
presently becoming numerous. The latest Pope, Pope Benedict XVI, previously
known as Cardinal Ratzinger(?) said this, noted this, “In 1984 Joseph Cardinal
Ratzinger, the head of the Roman Catholic Church’s congregation for the
Doctrine of the Faith,” that was where he came from, he came from being the
doctrinal gate keeper of Roman Catholicism, “declared, quote: ‘One of the signs
of our times is that the announcements of Mary in apparitions are multiplying all
over the world,’” end quote. He made this observation as a comment on the
many reports of the appearances of the Blessed Virgin Mary to individuals
located in a wide variety of countries, cultures and political systems. In fact, the
last century and a half has seen numerous appearance of the Blessed Virgin,
they say, and they have received official approval by the Roman Catholic
Church. You may have remember some...some of the Catholic mystics of the
past, Elizabeth Von Chaneau(?), Mary appeared to her, she lived in the twelfth
century. Mary appeared to her repeatedly. She appeared to another woman,
Anna Katarina Emmerick(??), this is in the basically the end of the eighteenth
century, the early nineteenth century. She kept appearing and appearing and
appearing and there’s a lot written about these two mystical women and all the
appearances of Mary. And one wonders why the Lord Jesus never bothers to get
equal time. He’s definitely losing the popularity contest because He never shows
up, which reinforces the whole Mary deal because Jesus seems to be indifferent
to everybody while Mary is so sympathetic, she always shows up in obscure
places and talks to peasant people. She’s certainly a lot more lovable than

Through these apparitions, according to one writer, Mary has called Catholics to
repentance, to perform acts of penance, to pray the rosary for the conversion of
sinners, and to pray for peace in the world. She has asked Catholics to give
themselves to greater devotion to her under the titles of her immaculate heart
and her immaculate conception. And that sinlessness is the immaculate heart
idea...immaculate conception and immaculate heart. When you think of
Catholicism you think of the immaculate heart, don’t you? That’s something
they....they portray constantly. You see a picture of Mary, a picture of Mary with a
great big huge heart there.
Religious practices have also developed as a result of these appearances, such
as the wearing of the miraculous medal and scapular medal, both of which bear
images of Mary. In one appearance, supposedly to Pope John XXII, that was
fourteenth century, Mary is said to have instructed Catholics to wear the scapular
which is two squares of cloth often bearing images, connected by string and
hung around the neck. Mary promised Pope John that Catholics who died
wearing the scapular in honor of her would be delivered from purgatory on the
first Saturday after their death. So if you want to get out of purgatory the first
Saturday after you die, you spend your whole life cause you don’t know when
you’re going to die with that stuff around your neck. Each year five-point-five
million Roman Catholic pilgrims visit Lourdes, almost that many go to Fatima and
to the cathedral of the Virgin of Guadalupe near Mexico City. In central Europe,
the primary focus of Mary’s appearances and the pilgrims’ attention is the Shrine
of Our Lady of Sestakowa(???), a wooden icon of a black Madonna dating from
the fourteenth century. The best known, however, is Majorie(?) in Bosnia,
Herzegovina. There Mary supposedly appeared to six peasants. She appeared
to them around 1981 almost every day. Over ten million Catholics have gone to
Majorie to drink in some of whatever happens when Mary’s been someplace.

A book in 1993 had about a thousand appearances of Mary that were

documented thirty times in the eighteenth century, 200 times in the nineteenth
century and 450 times in the twentieth century. So they are escalating at a rapid
rate. Cardinal Meisner claims that Mary brought Christ to Europe from Fatima
and one would ask where was he before that if she brought him? She visited a
farm in Georgia, an office building in Clearwater, Florida and a subway wall
recently in Mexico City. She comes so often and she comes to the down and out
and she comes to the little children, she comes to the peasant people and this
validates the fact that she is this loving sympathetic merciful tender-hearted
compassionate person. Let me read you from apparitions.org commenting on
the Majorie phenomenon, quote, “Since the apparitions began in 1981 at Majorie,
millions of people of all faiths from all over the world have visited Majorie and
have left spiritually strengthened and renewed,” I’m not sure what the dynamic is
there. “Countless unbelievers and physically or mentally afflicted have been
converted and healed. Our Lady continues to give messages to six young
people from the village of Marjoie. Ivan, Yakov, Maria, Marianna, Vica and
Ivanka(????), these six young people referred to as visionaries have had
apparitions of the Blessed Virgin Mary since June 24, 1981. In addition to these
messages, our Lady is to give each of the six visionaries a total of ten secrets, or
happenings that will occur on earth in the near future. Only one of the secrets so
far has been revealed by the visionaries....there are nine more to go. Our Lady
has promised to leave a supernatural, indestructible and visible sign on the
mountain where she first appeared. When each of the six visionaries has
received all ten secrets, our Lady will stop appearing to them on a daily basis.
Currently Maria, Vica and Ivan have received nine secrets and our Lady still
appears to them every day wherever they are at 5:40 P.M. during daylight
savings time, and 6:40 P.M. the rest of the year, Majorie time. Marianna, Yakov
and Ivanka have received all ten secrets and our Lady appears to them once per
year and will do so for the rest of their lives.” So they’re all moving toward having
all the ten and each of them has ten for a total of sixty and when they’re all in, the
virgin is going to write something on the mountain that’s going to effect the whole

The only person if there is someone really appearing to them is right out of hell.
This is demonic, for sure....for sure. But what assurances and what cleverness
the demons offer for the deceived and the damned with their hellish counterfeits.

Well there’s more. Here’s a seventh and very important doctrine regarding Mary.
This has swirled around in Catholicism for a long, long time. This is Mary as
Mediatrix...Mary as Mediatrix, or Mediatress, if you will, either one is correct.
Mary is that channel of all divine grace through which God touches people.
Listen to the Catholic Church official statement, Ludwig Ott, quote: “No grace is
conferred on man without her actual intercessory cooperation,” Ott page 212,
page 211. “Mary’s sublime dignity as Queen of Heaven makes her supremely
powerful in her maternal intercession for her children on earth. She intercedes to
God and Christ to get the grace for whatever we need and it never comes except
by her intercession.” Delaguarie says, page 159, “We may be afraid to go to God
because it is His infinite majesty we have offended, Mary has nothing in her to
terrify us,” end quote. And that’s the bottom line. Mary is harmless,
compassionate, tender. Don’t go to God, He’s tough. Don’t go to Jesus, He’s
harsh and He never shows up so He’s indifferent. Go to Mary. That’s the

And so, Satan has diverted all these people who say they worship God and
Christ into an inordinate worship of Mary. Roman Catholic Catechism page 252,
number 969, “Therefore the Blessed Virgin is invoked in the Church under the
title of Advocate, Helper, Benefactrix and Mediatrix. She is the chief and
sovereign refuge of Catholics in their trials.”

Here is a statement called supreme apostalotos, a Catholic church, quote, “The

Catholic Church has always and with justice put all her hope and trust in the
Mother of God. She who is associated with Him in the work of man’s salvation
has favor and power with Her Son greater than any other human or angelic
creature has ever obtained or ever can obtain.” The point is, you go to Mary
because Jesus can’t resist Mary. And Mary, because she’s so merciful, can’t
resist you. Mary, claims the Church, can persuade God to grant what He
otherwise wouldn’t grant.

Another Roman Catholic document, “All men...quote...moreover are full of the

hope and confidence that prayers which might be received with less favor from
the lips of unworthy men will be accepted by God when they are recommended
to Him by the most holy Mother and will be favorably heard.” You’re really
banging on steel if you go to God yourself. Go to Mary and He listens to Mary.
Fausto Apententi(???) Dea, another Roman Catholic document says, quote:
“St. Dominic knew well that while on the one hand Mary is all powerful with her
divine Son,” just remember that, she is all powerful with her divine Son, “who
grants all graces to mankind through her. On the other hand, she is by nature so
good and so merciful that inclined to aid spontaneously those who suffer she is
absolutely incapable of refusing her help to those who invoke her. The Church is
in the habit of greeting the virgin as the Mother of Grace and the Mother of Mercy
and so she has always shown herself, especially when we have recourse to her
by means of the holy rosary.”

You see, Roman Catholicism is pagan goddess worship, completely distracted.

God is reinvented as judgmental, harsh. Christ is reinvented as indifferent.
Everybody worships Mary.

Listen to what Superiori Anno(??), another document says about God. “We have
a confident hope that God will at length let Himself be moved and have pity upon
the state of His Church and give ear to the prayers coming to Him through
Mary.” Pope Pius XII taught, “While Peter...quote...has the keys of heaven, Mary
has the key to God’s heart. When she turns the key, the Church guarantees the
lock will open.”

Another Catholic document says, “We could not find a more powerful protectrix
or one more irresistible before God, she is for us the best of mothers, our safest
confidante and, in fact, the very motive of our hope. She obtains all she asks for
and her prayer is always heard.”

Another quote, “Mary is all powerful with her divine Son for she is the mighty
mother of God.” Tonto Studio(??) another document, “For while the prayers of
those in heaven have certainly some claim on the watchful eye of God, Mary’s
prayers place their assurance on the right of a mother, for that reason when she
approaches the throne of her divine Son, she begs as advocate, she prays as
handmaid, but she commands as mother.” She commands Jesus.

Who is this person? Who is this? This is a false god. Mary is even given the
power to save us. When praying the “Hail Mary,” Catholics say this, “Pray for us
sinners now and at the hour of our death.” Asking Mary to extend salvation. The
catechism of the Catholic Church says this, quote, “By asking Mary to pray for
us, we acknowledge ourselves to be poor sinners. We address ourselves to the
Mother of Mercy, the all-holy one. We give ourselves over to her now in the
today of our lives and our trust broadens further, already at the present moment,
to surrender the hour of our death wholly to her care. May she be there as she
was at her Son’s death on the cross. May she welcome us as our mother at the
hour of our passing to lead us to her Son, Jesus, in paradise.”

Is this some kind of a movement among ignorant people? Is this some kind of
commoners movement? I don’t think so. There was a day in the life of John
Paul II, a frightening day for him. He was shot in the stomach by Mimmet Ali
Odgga(???), psychopathic terrorist and a convicted murder, 23-year-old Turk.
He had a nine millimeter Browning automatic pistol and he was in St. Peter’s
Square and he fired at the Pope and hit him. A friend caught the falling Pope and
heard him pray, “Mary, my mother, Mary, my mother.” The biographer says that
plea was still on his lips fifteen minutes later when he passed out at Gamelli
Hospital, dropping blood pressure threatening his life. He was immediately
ministered Last Rites. St. Peter’s Square was crowded with people. Some went
to the throne of the Pope and placed a picture on the throne and the picture was
a picture of Mary. And on the back of the picture it was written, “May our Lady
protect the holy father from evil.” Immediately the rosary was broadcast over
Vatican loud speakers. By eight o’clock the Pope was stable, confident quote,
“That God had heard Mary’s plea for his life.” And the crowd began to disperse.

This is not some uneducated commoner’s view, this comes right from the top.
Going back a little bit in John Paul’s history, after the death of his mother when
he was eight-years-old, his real name Karl Woydewa(??), he developed at that
very early age an intense devotion to Mary because that was part of the whole
system. When he became Pope in 1978 he formally rededicated himself and his
whole Pontificate to Mary. In his travels as a Pope he constantly visited the
Marion shrines and they’re all over the world. He made devotion to Mary the
primary focus of his prayers, the primary emphasis of his own personal

He had a crest that John Paul had as his coat of arms. On the central part of that
crest was a huge M for Mary. And when he died, his coffin was decorated with
this large letter M signifying what he had said so many years before, “I am totally
yours, Mary.”

In notes included in his will, he quoted the words of a former Polish cardinal
which had inspired him, quote: “Victory when it comes will be through Mary.”
Anyone who follows at all the preaching of John Paul could see his intense
devotion to Mary. On Wednesday the seventh of May, 1997, John Paul said,
quote: “The history of Christian piety teaches that Mary is the way that leads to
Christ.” He wrote a book called John Paul II Book on Mary. The ad copy inside
the book says, “It’s a book for people who seek a deeper relationship with Jesus
and His mother.” The Table of Contents in the book lists all the titles that John
Paul credited to Mary: “ate of Heaven, Mediatrix of all graces,” which is what
we’re talking about, “mirror of perfection, mother of the Church, mother of mercy,
pillar of faith, seat of wisdom.”

Here’s a sample of things from the book. “Mary shares our human condition but
in complete openness to the grace of God. Not having known sin, she is able to
have compassion on every kind of weakness. She understands sinful man and
loves him with a mother’s love. Precisely for this reason she is on the side of
truth and shares the Church’s burden in recalling always and to everyone the
demands of morality.” Another time he said, “For every Christian, for every
human being, Mary is the one who first believed and precisely with her spouse
and mother, she wishes to act upon all those who entrust themselves to her as
her children. And it is well known that the more her children persevere and
progress in this attitude, the nearer Mary leads them to the unsearchable riches
of Christ.” If you ever want to get to Christ, you’ve got to go to Mary.

And I ask again...who is this? This is a satanic fabrication. This is worshiping

demons. He says further, “As Christians raise their eyes with faith to Mary in the
course of their earthly pilgrimage, they strive to increase in holiness, Mary the
exalted daughter of Zion helps all her children wherever they may be and
whatever their condition to find in Christ the path to the Father’s house.” He said,
“Nobody else can bring us as Mary can into the divine and human dimension of
the mystery of the gospel.” He said, “We can turn to the Blessed Virgin trustfully
employing her aid in the awareness of the singular role entrusted to her by God,
the role...listen to this...of cooperator in the redemption which she exercised
throughout her life and in a special way at the foot of the cross.”

Now that...that’s a pretty bold statement. She is not only the mediatrix of all
grace, the channel through which all grace comes, the one to whom we go for
everything, but she is even involved in our redemption. Leo XIII said, “According
to the church, Mary is God’s unique channel of blessing. God grants all graces
to mankind through her.” And Benedict XV affirmed that. She is the seat of all
divine graces. Quote, “An almost infinite treasure to whom the Church exhorts
the faithful to flee in time of need.”

Now I could go on and on with all of this, but I think you get the picture. The
Church says nothing comes to us except through Mary’s mediation for such is
God’s will. The Church says Mary is the most powerful mediatrix and advocate
of the whole world with her divine Son. “Hail,” one of the prayers of the rosary
says, “Hail, holy queen, mother of mercy, hail, our life, our sweetness and our
hope. To you do we cry, poor banished children of Eve, to you do we send up
our sighs, mourning and weeping in this valley of tears. Turn then, most gracious
advocate, your eyes of mercy toward us and after this, our exile, show unto us
the blessed fruit of your womb Jesus. O clement, O loving, O sweet Virgin Mary,
pray for us, O holy Mother of God, that we may be made worthy of the promises
of Christ.”

This is what Delaguarie said, reaching way back, “Mary was made mediatrix of
our salvation, not a mediatrix of justice, of course, but of grace.” He says, “She
has been made the ladder to paradise, the gate of heaven...that’s what John
Paul II called her...the most true mediator between God and human beings.”
Delaguarie says, “God decreed all graces through her hands.” He said, “Mary is
the source of every good and the absolute master of all graces.” And again, Ott,
the Roman Catholic theologian, “No grace accrues to men without the
intercession of Mary.” Beri totus splendor(???), from John Paul II says, “She is
the mother who obtains for us divine mercy.”

There are two more that I need to talk about. But you’ve endured a lot. I think
what I’m going to do, this is probably wise, is finish this next Sunday night
because there are only two more but there are a lot more pages in my notes.
And I would be unfaithful to the duty that is mine if I didn’t also at the end of all of
this go to the Word of God and take a real biblical look at this. So, I understand
next Lord’s day is Easter Sunday, but next Sunday night we had planned a Q&A,
but this is much more important and we’ll wrap this up next time.

In case you’re wondering what the remaining two are, I shouldn’t tell you, I
should make you come, but because I want to be kind, we’ve already suggested
one, that she is co-redemptrix, co-redeemer with Jesus, and the final one,
equally shocking, that she is the source of eternal merit. She not only participated
in our redemption, but she was so much more holy than she needed to be that
she had more holiness than she needed which is now available to sinners for a
price. And that gets us into the whole idea of selling indulgences, selling the
excess righteousness of Mary and that’s what infuriated Martin Luther and
launched the Reformation. Having looked at those two, we will then look at the
Word of God and what it has to say about worshiping a false god.

And so, Lord, we feel like we have seen Satan’s throne. It’s frightening, terrifying
and what is equally tragic is how many unwitting people want to embrace this
system as if it was true. These people who are in this system are worshiping a
false god, violating the first commandment. They have another god, it was God
Himself who said, “You shall have no other God before Me.” They’re worshiping
a goddess by Satan’s design, who obliterates the truth of Christianity and leaves
only meaningless vestiges of Christianity corrupted by demonic tradition. We say
all this in love from a clear conscience and a sincere faith because the truth
matters, it matters more than anything else. It matters more than people being
happy with us or liking us or having, quote/unquote, a good relationship. Truth
matters more than anything because what you do with the truth of the gospel
determines your eternity. We would be unfaithful and unloving in the worst way if
we weren’t willing to confront errors here. We trust that the attitude with which
it’s been dealt is one of stern concern and at the same time genuine love.
People need to be rescued from this system. It doesn’t need to be identified as if
it were Christian, this is idolatry, blasphemous paganism of the worst kind
because being mingled with Christianity makes it even more deceptive. Help us
to find ways to bring people away from this, who are caught in it, to Christ where
alone salvation lies. Anyone trusting in Mary for salvation has polluted the gospel
and whatever it is that they look to Jesus for is inadequate because He demands
all our faith and all our affection and all our trust and all our hope be placed in
Him and Him alone. So use this, we pray, in the lives of those who have heard it,
who will repeat it, and who will yet hear it down through the years, as this
message is repeated. And we acknowledge again the blessing of having the
truth and knowing the living truth, the Lord Jesus Christ, in His name we pray.

Pagan Sun Worship and Catholicism

The Sunburst Image, the Queen of Heaven and Baal.

Here you see a ceiling decoration in the Sala delle Arti Liberali. It is the coat of arms for
the Borgia Pope (Alexander VI, 1492-1503).

From the book Art Treasures of the Vatican

© 1974 by Smeets Offset B.V.
Prentice-Hall, Inc.

It consists of the 3-tiered Papal Tiara, and the keys to the kingdom, common symbols of
Papal authority. The pagan sunburst predominates around the coat of arms as shown on
the overview at right. Notice the animal on the left side of the shield? That is a golden
bull, the heraldic animal of the Borgia family. It is more than just a little reminiscent of
the golden calf the Israelites made at Sinai. Sunbursts and images of golden bulls. How
much more pagan can you get?
The Apis bull, as depicted in this Egyptian
statuette, is likely to be the pattern used
for the golden calf the Israelites made at
Mount Sinai (Exo. 32), since they were
undoubtedly quite familiar with it as a
result of their long captivity in Egypt.
Note the sun disk on the head, and the
serpent in front of the sun disk. In
Scripture the serpent is symbolic of Satan.
(Gen 3, Rev. 12:9)

The British Museum

At left is the central scene of the

"Coronation of the Virgin",
painted around 1444 by Filippo
Lippi. Mary is being crowned as
the Queen of Heaven, which is a
title conferred on Mary by
Catholicism. One document
where this can be found is
Apostolic Constitution Defining
the Dogma of the Immaculate
Conception, of Pope Pius IX,
December 8th, 1854. It closes
with the following paragraph-
(emphasis is mine)

Let all the children of the Catholic Church, who are so very dear to us, hear thee words of
ours. With a still more ardent zeal for piety, religion, and love, let them continue to
venerate, invoke and pray to the most Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of God, conceived
without original sin. Let them fly with utter confidence to the most sweet Mother of
mercy and grace in all dangers, difficulties, needs, doubts and fears. Under her guidance,
under her patronage, under her kindness and protection, nothing is to be feared; nothing is
hopeless. Because, while bearing toward us a truly motherly affection and having in her
care the work of our salvation, she is solicitous about the whole human race. And since
She has been appointed by God to be the Queen of heaven and earth, and is exalted
above all the choirs of angels and saints, and even stands at the right hand of her only-
begotton Son, Jesus Christ our Lord, she presents our petitions in a most efficacious
manner. What she asks, she obtains. Her pleas can never be unheard.

In 1954, Pope Pius XII officially declared Mary the Queen of Heaven.
Here is the full text of his encyclical AD CAELI REGINAM.

There has been a complete substitution of Mary for Jesus, in the work of our salvation,
and in whom we pray to in times of need. The impression is that Mary will listen, but
God is cold and unapproachable. Mary will grant your wishes, when God might
otherwise reject them, and God is bound by the will of Mary. Salvation is obtained from
Mary and God will rubberstamp her decisions. There is a word for this, it is AntiChrist.
(The word anti means in place of, or substitution, as well as against.)

Another place this can be found is in The Dogmatic Constitution on the Church (LUMEN
GENTIUM) by Pope Paul VI, November 21, 1964, paragraph 59- (emphasis is mine)

... Finally, the Immaculate Virgin, preserved free from all guilt of original sin, on the
completion of her earthly sojourn, was taken up body and soul into heavenly glory, and
exalted by the Lord as Queen of the universe, that she might be the more fully
conformed to her Son, the Lord of lords and the conqueror of sin and death.

The last part of that sentence (that she might be the more fully conformed to her Son) can
be rephrased as follows ... that she might be more like her Son... As I said, this is plainly
AntiChrist. This paragraph from LUMEN GENTIUM was most recently quoted and
reaffirmed in the Vatican's new Catechism, paragraph 966.

Here is the full text of LUMEN GENTIUM online at EWTN.

(NOTE: Official Roman Catholic Documents are usually published first in Latin, and
then later translated to other languages. Some translations can vary slightly in their
wording. Such is the case with paragraph 59 of LUMEN GENTIUM. The printed
document I have and the version available online at EWTN are slightly different. One
refers to Mary as Queen of the universe, the other says she is the Queen over all things.)
There is even a rite in the Catholic
Church that involves crowning statues
(idols) of Mary as the Queen of heaven.
Once placed on a statue, the crown
remains permanently.

Here is the crowned statue of Mary in the

Notre Dame du Cap, Cap-de-la-
Madeleine, Quebec, Canada. Crowned in
1904 at the orders of Pope Pius X, it is
the only statue of Mary to be crowned in
all of Canada. The title of Queen of
Heaven can also be found in scripture,
but not in reference to Mary-

From the book

"Miraculous Images of Our Lady",
by Joan Carroll Cruz -Copyright © 1993,
TAN Books and Publishers, INC.,
Rockford, Illinois 61105.

Jer 7:18 The children gather wood, and the fathers kindle the fire, and the women knead
their dough, to make cakes to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto
other gods, that they may provoke me to anger.

Jer 44:17 But we will certainly do whatsoever thing goeth forth out of our own mouth, to
burn incense unto the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her, as we
have done, we, and our fathers, our kings, and our princes, in the cities of Judah, and in
the streets of Jerusalem: for then had we plenty of victuals, and were well, and saw no
Jer 44:18 But since we left off to burn incense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out
drink offerings unto her, we have wanted all things, and have been consumed by the
sword and by the famine.
Jer 44:19 And when we burned incense to the queen of heaven, and poured out drink
offerings unto her, did we make her cakes to worship her, and pour out drink offerings
unto her, without our men?

The Queen of Heaven, if you check in most any commentary, is none other than Ishtar,
Ashtoreth, or Astarte the very pagan goddess that Israel worshipped when they fell into
apostasy and paganism-

Judg 2:13 And they forsook the LORD, and served Baal and Ashtaroth.
In the apocryphal book of Baruch, which is considered to be inspired scripture by the
Catholic Church, we find a very interesting description of the pagan practices of the
Babylonians, who at the time held the Jews in captivity. The following quotation is from
the Catholic Douay Rheims Bible:

Baruch 6:3 But now, you shall see in Babylon gods of gold, and of silver, and of stone,
and of wood borne upon the shoulders, causing fear to the Gentiles.
Baruch 6:4 Beware therefore that you imitate not the doings of others, and be afraid, and
the fear of them should seize upon you.
Baruch 6:5 But when you see the multitude behind, and before, adoring them, say you in
your hearts: Thou oughtest to be adored, O Lord.
Baruch 6:6 For my angel is with you: And I myself will demand an account of your souls.
Baruch 6:7 For their tongue that is polished by the craftsman, and themselves laid over
with gold and silver, are false things, and they cannot speak.
Baruch 6:8 And as if it were for a maiden that loveth to go gay: so do they take gold and
make them up.
Baruch 6:9 Their gods have golden crowns upon their heads; whereof the priests
secretly convey away from them gold, and silver, and bestow it on themselves.

So clearly it was the practice of the pagan Babylonians to crown the statues of their gods.
This Pagan practice has also been adopted by the Roman Catholic Church.

Below you see John Paul II himself, bowing down and paying homage to crowned statues
of Mary, the "Queen of Heaven", in direct violation of the Commandments of God:

Exo 20:4 Thou shalt not make

unto thee any graven image,
or any likeness of any thing
that is in heaven above, or that
is in the earth beneath, or that
is in the water under the earth:

From the "Be Not Afraid" series of videos, Copyright ©1992,

Apostolate for Family Consecration

Exo 20:5 Thou shalt not bow

down thyself to them, nor
serve them: for I the LORD
thy God am a jealous God, ...
From the "Be Not Afraid" series of videos, Copyright ©1992,
Apostolate for Family Consecration

Here is a better photo of John Paul II bowing down before a crowned statue of Mary in
front of St. Peter's Cathedral in an ACT OF CONSECRATION TO THE

Dan 11:38 But in his estate shall he honour the God of forces: and
a god whom his fathers knew not shall he honour with gold, and
silver, and with precious stones, and pleasant things.

This statue of Mary and the Christ child is in the Church of the
Virgin of the Pillar, Zaragoza, Spain. The wooden 15 inch high
statue stands on a six foot high jasper pillar covered with gold,
silver and bronze. Around the statue is a field of 148 stars, 80 of
which are studded with jewels.

Images from the book

"Miraculous Images of Our Lady",
by Joan Carroll Cruz -Copyright © 1993,
TAN Books and Publishers, INC.,
Rockford, Illinois 61105.
On occasion this statue is also draped with a gold embroidered
cape which is heavily studded with jewels, and a golden aureole is
added around the jewel encrusted sunburst halo.

La Virgen del Pilar


Below on the left is a typical depiction of "The Blessed Virgin Mary", the "Queen of
Heaven", with a quite sizeable sunburst behind her head and the children of Fatima
kneeling at her feet. The sunburst has become quite pervasive in the various forms of
Catholic religious imagery. The sunburst is also referred to as an aureole, nimbus, or halo,
and is a very common device to designate divinity or holiness in various forms of
religious art. A sun worshipping pagan entering a Catholic cathedral for the first time
would immediately recognize his god, the sun, in virtually every painting or icon, and
feel right at home.
The goddess Isis of Egypt, the sun disk above
Our Lady of Fatima her head, with the infant Horus.
The British Museum.

Above - coin of the pagan emperor Constantine I, inscribed on the reverse with
SOLI INVICTO COMITI - Sol, Invincible Comrade (of Constantine ) with the
sun god wearing a rayed solar crown, and one hand raised in blessing, the other
hand holding a globe. Below - coin of Pope Innocent XII dated 1698 with a
virtually identical figure supposedly representing Christ, inscribed IPSE EST
PAX NOSTRA - He is our peace.
Catholics acknowledge the pagan origin of the aureole / nimbus / halo:

Why is a halo put on the head of a statue of a Saint, and what is its symbolic
The halo, or circle, which is supposed to represent a ring of light, is symbolic of the
light of grace bestowed by God. It may be regarded in art as the development of the
aureole, the nimbus and the gloria.
The aureole is a cloud or glow of light in oval form surrounding the whole figure. The
nimbus is a cloud or glow of light around the head. The gloria is light emanating from the
The halo or nimbus around the head of Christ is symbolic of His divinity.
The pagans used such devices before the Christian Era to signify power and majesty or
prominence. Even in the Christian Era the symbols were used for famous personages, but
Pope Urban III (1623- 1644) forbade the use of the nimbus for persons who are not at
least beatified.

Source: The Catholic Universe Bulletin, Official Newspaper of the Cleveland

Diocese, August 14th, 1942, The Question Box.

In the plastic arts (painting and sculpture) the symbolism of the nimbus was early in use
among the pagans who determined its form. In the monuments of Hellenic and Roman
art, the heads of the gods, heroes, and other distinguished persons are often found with a
disc-shaped halo, a circle of light, or a rayed-fillet. They are, therefore, associated
especially with gods and creatures of light such as the Phoenix. The disc of light is
likewise used in the Pompeian wall paintings to typify gods and demigods only, but later,
in profane art it was extended to cherubs or even simple personifications, and is simply a
reminder that the figures so depicted are not human. In the miniatures of the oldest Virgil
manuscript all the great personages wear a nimbus. The custom of the Egyptian and
Syrian kings of having themselves represented with a rayed crown to indicate the status
of demigods, spread throughout the East and the West. In Rome the halo was first used
only for deceased emperors as a sign of celestial bliss, but afterwards living rulers also
were given the rayed crown, and after the third century, although not first by Constantine,
the simple rayed nimbus. Under Constantine the rayed crown appears only in exceptional
cases on the coin, and was first adopted emblematically by Julian the Apostate.
Henceforth the nimbus appears without rays, as the emperors now wished themselves
considered worthy of great honour, but no longer as divine beings. In early Christian art,
the rayed nimbus as well as the rayless disc were adopted in accordance with tradition.
The sun and the Phoenix received, as in pagan art, a wreath or a rayed crown, also the
simple halo. The latter was reserved not only for emperors but for men of genius and
personifications of all kinds, although both in ecclesiastical and profane art, this emblem
was usually omitted in ideal figures. In other cases the influence of ancient art tradition
must not be denied.

Source: The Catholic Encyclopedia, 1913 edition, online - Nimbus.

Here is a web page with a number of pictures of statues and paintings of Mary. Note that
many contain a sunburst and portray Mary as the crowned "Queen of Heaven":

The MaryTalk Picture Gallery

Note the following pictures that each contain pagan sun images.

Church of St. Catherine of Alexandria in Bethlehem.

St. Catherine's in Bethlehem (at night).
The Cloister window in Bethlehem.
Traditional birthplace of Jesus - Basilica of the Nativity, Bethlehem.
Bethlehem homepage for the above links.

Golgatha, Basilica of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem.

Homepage for the above link.

New sunburst dome for the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.

Judg 2:13 And they forsook the LORD, and served Baal and Ashtaroth.

Baal worship is sun worship, and Ashtoreth / Ishtar / Astarte is the queen of heaven. This
is why there are so many sunburst images in Catholicism and why Mary is called the
Queen of heaven. It is the apostasy of idol worship of Baal and Ashtaroth in the church -
yet again.

It is as true today as it was then, just with different names.

Comparison Chart of Wicca and

St. Michael's Tower is part of a church that once stood on Glastonbury Tor, a sacred site
revered by Neopagans. Photo: Sacred Destinations.

Below is a chart comparing the history, stats, beliefs, practices and ethics of Wicca and
Christianity. As with all charts of this type, information is oversimplified for the sake of
brevity and should not be used as the sole source of information on either Wicca or

Terminology & Stats Wicca Christianity

Name of religion Wicca or Neopaganism Christianity
Either "wise ones" or "to
Meaning of name "Followers of Christ."
bend or shape."
Main symbol Pentagram Cross
Name of adherents Wiccans, witches, pagans Christians
Number of adherents Estimate of 1-3 million 2 billion
Areas w/ highest UK, Canada, United States North and South America,
concentrations Europe
History & Texts Wicca Christianity
Founder Gerald Gardner (1884– Jesus of Nazareth (c. 4 BC-30
1964), a retired English civil AD), a Palestinian Jew
When and where
1950s England 1st century Israel/Palestine
Ancient Celtic and Norse pagan Hebrew monotheistic religion;
roots/influences religion Greco-Roman philosophy and
Foundational text(s) Gerald Gardner, The Witch Bible (esp. New Testament)
Cult in Western Europe and
The God of the Witches
Major creeds Charge of the Goddess, Apostles' Creed, Nicene Creed
Wiccan Rede
Beliefs & Doctrine Wicca Christianity
View of time Cyclical Linear
Afterlife Reincarnation until reach the Resurrection, judgment, eternal
Summerland heaven or hell
Polytheism (many gods) or
Monotheism (one god, who is
Type of theism pantheism (god/gods are part
separate from nature)
of nature)
Ultimate reality "The All" or "The One," an One God
unknowable Supreme Being
Deities The Goddess and her One God, who is a Trinity of
consort, the horned god; Father, Son and Holy Spirit
various other pagan deities
like Diana, Thor, Zeus, etc.
Venerated male figures The God; Adonis, Apollo, Jesus Christ; saints like Francis,
Dionysus, Odin, Osiris, Pan, Anthony, etc.
Thor, Zeus, etc.
Venerated female The Goddess; Athena, Brigit, The Blessed Virgin Mary; saints
figures Ceridwen, Diana, Hecate, like Mary Magdalene, Teresa,
Ishtar, Isis, Venus, etc. Bridget, etc.
Rituals & Practices Wicca Christianity
Assembled Coven Church; congregation
worshippers called
Place of worship Outdoors Church; chapel; meeting hall;
sometimes outdoors
Prayer, casting a circle,
Drawing Down the Moon, Prayer, singing, reciting
Regular rituals reciting spells, dancing, Scripture, Eucharist (bread and
singing, sharing cakes and wine)
wine or beer
Initation, handfasting
Special rituals Baptism, confirmation, marriage
Regular worship days 13 Esbats (full moons) each Sundays
Major holidays Samhain, Beltane, equinoxes, Lent; Easter; Advent; Christmas;
solstices various feasts
Ethical and Social Wicca Christianity
Basic moral code Wiccan Rede: If it harms Golden Rule: Do unto others as
none, do what you will. you would have them do unto
Status of women Equal in value to men Equal in value to men
Women in religious Accepted in all traditions Accepted in some
leadership denominations
Women in secular Accepted in all traditions Accepted in all denominations
Accepted and celebrated in
Homosexuality Rejected in most denominations
nearly all traditions
Concern for Emphasized in all traditions Increasingly emphasized in
environment many denominations, but overall
less so than Wicca