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∆P at Gas Flow Horizontal Plant Piping based on Simplified of Darcy formula in GPSA Vol.

11, Section 17
ODpipe = 4.5 in = 0.114 m
Wall thk = 0.5 in = 0.013 m
IDpipe = 3.500 in
T= 30.000 F=
o
489.670 R
o

P= 30.000 psig = 44.700 psia

Qg = 0.485 mmscfd
ρVapor = 0.246 lb/ft3
ρv at stdard = 0.049 lb/ft3
ρAir = 0.076 lb/ft3
S= 0.648
Z= 0.650
Act. Gas flow = 67.780 acfm
W= 1.000 1000lb/hr
From fig 17.8, GPSA Vol 11
C1 = 0.001
From fig 17.9, GPSA Vol 11
C2 = 1.590
∆P100 = 0.006 psi/100ft
GPSA Vol.11, Section 17
∆P at Gas Flow Horizontal Piping based on Re, GPSA Vol.11, Section 17
ODpipe = 8.63 in = 0.219 m
Wall thk = 0.500 in = 0.013 m
IDpipe = 7.625 in
Length = 100.00 ft = 0.019 mile
From fig 17.3, GPSA Vol 11
ε= 0.00015 ft
ε/D = 0.00023
T= -38.320 F=
o
421.350 R
o

P= 267.00 psig = 281.700 psia

gc = 32.2 (ft.lbm)/(lbf.s2)
Qg = 3.000 mmscfd
ρVapor = 1.820 lb/ft3
ρv at stdard = 0.062 lb/ft3
ρAir = 0.076 lb/ft3
S= 0.811
µVapor = 0.009 cP = 0.000006 lb/ft.sec
Z= 0.805
Vg = 3.727 fps ~ 3.727 fps
Re = 693,697 Turbulance
Act. Gas flow = 70.904 acfm
W= 7.743 1000lb/hr
Laminar Flow
fm = 0.00009
ff = 0.00002
Poiseuille's law for laminar flow
∆Pf = 0.00004 psi
Turbulance Flow
From fig 17.3, GPSA Vol 11
fm = 0.01534
ff = 0.00384
Darcy-Weisbach equation
∆Pf = 0.00658 psi
∆P at Gas Flow Horizontal Piping based on Re, API RP 14E
ODpipe = 8.63 in = 0.219 m
Wall thk = 0.500 in = 0.013 m
IDpipe = 7.625 in
Length = 100.00 ft = 0.019 mile
T= -38.320 o
F= 421.350 o
R
P= 267.00 psig = 281.700 psia
gc = 32.2 (ft.lbm)/(lbf.s2)
Qg = 3.000 mmscfd
ρVapor = 1.820 lb/ft3
ρv at stdard = 0.062 lb/ft3
ρAir = 0.076 lb/ft3
S= 0.811
µVapor = 0.009 cP = 0.000006 lb/ft.sec
Z= 0.805
Vg = 3.727 fps ~ 3.727 fps
Re = 693,697 Turbulance
Act. Gas flow = 70.904 acfm
W= 7.743 1000lb/hr
From fig 2.3, API RP 14E
fm = 0.01534
ff = 0.00384
General ∆P eq.
P2 = 281.6934 psia
∆P= 0.00659 psi
Approximate ∆P eq.
∆P= 0.00659 psi
∆P at Liquid Flow Piping based on Re, GPSA Vol.11, Section 17
ODpipe = 4.5 in = 0.114 m
Wall thk = 0.5 in = 0.013 m
IDpipe = 3.500 in
Length = 213.00 ft = 0.040 mile
From fig 17.3, GPSA Vol 11
ε= 0.00015 ft
ε/D = 0.00051
T= 30.000 F=
o
489.670 R
o

P= 30.000 psig = 44.700 psia

gc = 32.2 (ft.lbm)/(lbf.s2)
Ql = 275.000 bpd
ρLiquid = 42.659 lb/ft3
ρWater = 62.400 lb/ft3
S.G. = 0.684
µLiquid= 0.437 cP = 0.000294 lb/ft.sec
Vl = 0.269 fps ~ 0.267 fps
Re = 11401.261 Turbulance
W= 2.742 1000lb/hr
HORIZONTAL PIPING
Laminar Flow
fm = 0.00561
ff = 0.00140
Poiseuille's law for laminar flow
∆Pf = 0.00137 psi
Turbulance Flow
From fig 17.3, GPSA Vol 11
fm = 0.01667
ff = 0.00417
Darcy-Weisbach equation
∆Pf = 0.00406 psi
VERTICAL PIPING
Elevation = 20.0000 ft
∆Pe = 5.921 psi
∆P at Liquid Flow Piping based on Re, GPSA Vol.11, Section 17
ODpipe = 4.5 in = 0.114 m
Wall thk = 0.5 in = 0.013 m
IDpipe = 3.500 in
ε= 0.00015 ft
ε/D = 0.00051
T= 30.000 F=
o
489.670 R
o

P= 30.000 psig = 44.700 psia

gc = 32.2 (ft.lbm)/(lbf.s2)
Ql = 275.000 bpd = 8.021 usgpm
ρLiquid = 42.659 lb/ft3
ρWater = 62.400 lb/ft3
S.G. = 0.684
µLiquid= 0.437 cP = 0.000294 lb/ft.sec
Vl = 0.269 fps ~ 0.267 fps
Re = 11401.261 Turbulance
W= 2.742 1000lb/hr
Laminar Flow
fm = 0.00561
ff = 0.00140
Turbulance Flow
From fig 17.3, GPSA Vol 11
fm = 0.01667
ff = 0.00417
ff = 0.00417
∆P100 = 0.0019 psi/100ft
∆P at Liquid Flow Piping based on Re, API RP 14E
ODpipe = 4.5 in = 0.114 m
Wall thk = 0.5 in = 0.013 m
IDpipe = 3.500 in
T= 30.000 F=
o
489.670 R
o

P= 30.000 psig = 44.700 psia

gc = 32.2 (ft.lbm)/(lbf.s2)
Ql = 275.000 bpd = 8.021 usgpm
ρLiquid = 42.659 lb/ft3
ρWater = 62.400 lb/ft3
S.G. = 0.684
µLiquid= 0.437 cP = 0.000294 lb/ft.sec
Vl = 0.269 fps ~ 0.267 fps
Re = 11401.261 Turbulance
W= 2.742 1000lb/hr
From fig 2.3, API RP 14E
fm = 0.02800
ff = 0.00700
∆P100 = 0.0032 psi/100ft
ODpipe = 4.5 in = 0.114 m
Wall thk = 0.5 in = 0.013 m

Length = 213.00 ft = 0.040 mile

IDpipe = 3.500 in Dukler Frictional Pressure Drop Calc. at Horizontal
ρLiquid = 42.659 lb/ft3 λ= 0.040
ρWater = 62.400 lb/ft3 µn = 0.027 cP =
ρVapor = 0.246 lb/ft3 Trial, HLd = 0.040
ρAir = 0.076 lb/ft3 ρk = 1.962 lb/ft3
µLiquid= 0.437 cP = 0.000294 lb/ft.sec VsL = 0.362 fps
µVapor = 0.010 cP = 0.000007 lb/ft.sec VsG = 8.592 fps
σLiquid = 18.725 dyne/cm Vm = 8.954 fps
σWater = 72.400 dyne/cm Rey = 279036.4
QLiquid = 0.024 ft /sec
3
From fig 17.18, GPSA Vol 11
QVapor = 0.574 ft /sec
3 HLd = 0.0500
Flow Regime at Horizontal ρk = 1.635 lb/ft3
VsL = 0.362 fps VsL = 0.362 fps
VsG = 8.592 fps VsG = 8.592 fps
From fig 17.15, GPSA Vol 11 Vm = 8.954 fps
Flow Regime at = Stratified Flow Rey = 232543.5
From fig 17.18, GPSA Vol 11
HLd = 0.0600
fn = 0.015
y= 3.207
ftpr = 2.525
∆Pf = 0.396 psi
ODpipe = 4.5 in = 0.114 m
Wall thk = 0.5 in = 0.013 m

Elevation = 41.00 ft
ssure Drop Calc. at Horizontal IDpipe = 3.500 in
ρLiquid = 42.659 lb/ft3
0.000018 lb/ft.sec ρWater = 62.400 lb/ft3
ρVapor = 0.246 lb/ft3
ρAir = 0.076 lb/ft3
µLiquid= 0.437 cP = 0.000294 lb/ft.sec Flanigan Elevation Pressure Dr
µVapor = 0.010 cP = 0.000007 lb/ft.sec HLf =
σLiquid = 18.725 dyne/cm ∆Pe =
σWater = 72.400 dyne/cm
QLiquid = 0.024 ft3/sec
QVapor = 0.574 ft3/sec
Flow Regime at Vertical
YA = 1.275
XA = 1.882
VsL = 0.362 fps
VsG = 8.592 fps
NY = 0.462 fps
NX = 16.169 fps
From fig 17.16, GPSA Vol 11
Flow Regime at = Fronth Flow
ODpipe = 4.5 in = 0.114
Wall thk = 0.5 in = 0.013

Pavg = 30.000 psia

Pb = 14.730 psia
Lm = 213.00 ft = 0.040
IDpipe = 3.500 in
ρLiquid = 42.659 lb/ft3
ρVapor = 0.246 lb/ft3
Flanigan Elevation Pressure Drop Calc. at Vertical QLiquid = 0.024 ft3/sec
0.260 QVapor = 0.574 ft3/sec
3.162 psi µLiquid= 0.437 cP = 0.000294
σ= 18.725 dynes/cm
Eaton holdup correlation, for better liquid holdup determination in liq
VsL = 0.362 fps
VsG = 8.592 fps
NLV = 0.863
NGV = 20.457
Nd = 4.434
NL = 0.0030
NE = 0.046
From fig 17.20, GPSA Vol 11
HLe = 0.1300
IL = 0.013 ft3 = 0.096
m
m

mile

lb/ft.sec

tter liquid holdup determination in liquid inventory calc.

USgallon
Equation at Surface Prod. Opr. Vol.1, Ken Arnold and Maurice Sterwart for Horizontal Pressure drop Ca
ODpipe = 4.5 in = 0.114 m
Wall thk = 0.5 in = 0.013 m
IDpipe = 3.500 in
Length = 100.00 ft = 0.019 mile
f= 0.015
T= 30.000 F=
o
489.670 o
R
P= 30.000 psig = 44.700 psia
Qg = 0.200 mmscfd
ρVapor = 0.246 lb/ft3
ρv at stdard = 0.049 lb/ft3
ρAir = 0.076 lb/ft3
S= 0.648
Z= 0.650
Ql = 275.000 bpd
ρLiquid = 42.659 lb/ft3
ρWater = 62.400 lb/ft3
S.G. = 0.684
R= 727.273 ft3/bbl
W= 3156.829 lb/hr
ρm = 1.814 lb/ft3
∆P = 0.053 psi
wart for Horizontal Pressure drop Calc.
Equation at API RP 14E for Horizontal Pressure Drop Calc.
ODpipe = 4.5 in = 0.114 m
Wall thk = 0.5 in = 0.013 m
IDpipe = 3.500 in
f= 0.015
T= 30.000 F=
o
489.670 R
o

P= 30.000 psig = 44.700 psia

Qg = 0.200 mmscfd
ρVapor = 0.246 lb/ft3
ρv at stdard = 0.049 lb/ft3
ρAir = 0.076 lb/ft3
S= 0.648
Z= 0.650
Ql = 275.000 bpd
ρLiquid = 42.659 lb/ft3
ρWater = 62.400 lb/ft3
S.G. = 0.684
R= 727.273 ft3/bbl
W= 3156.829 lb/hr
ρm = 1.814 lb/ft3
∆P100 = 0.056 psi/100ft