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ë 
Once upon a time there lived a little girl named Snow White. She lived with her aunt and uncle
because her parents were dead.

One day she heard her uncle and aunt talking about leaving Snow White in the castle because
they both wanted to go to America and they didn¶t have enough money to take Snow White.

Snow White didn¶t want her uncle and aunt to do this so she decided it would be best if she ran
away. The next morning she ran away from home when her aunt and uncle were having
breakfast. She ran away into the woods.

Then she saw a little cottage. She knocked but no one answered so she went inside and fell
asleep.

Meanwhile, the seven dwarfs were coming home from work. They went inside. There they found
Snow White sleeping. Then Snow White woke up. She saw the dwarfs. The dwarfs said, ³What¶s
your name?´ Snow White said, ³My name is Snow White.´

Doc, one of the dwarfs said, ³If you wish, you may live here with us.´ Snow White said, ³Oh
could I? Thank you.´ Then Snow White told the dwarfs the whole story and Snow White and the
seven dwarfs lived happily ever after.
 !"#$%&' ("$'
A fox fell into a well and couldn¶t get out. By and by a thirsty goat came along. Seeing the fox in
the well it asked if the water was good. ³Good´, said the fox ³It¶s the best water I¶ve tasted in all
my life. Come down and try it yourself.´

The goat was thirsty so he got into the well. When he had drunk enough, he looked around but
there was no way to get out. Then the fox said, ³I have a good idea. You stand on your hind legs
and put your forelegs against the side of the well. Then I¶ll climb on your back, from there. I¶ll
step on your horns, and I can get out. And when I¶m out, I¶ll help you out of the well.´

The goat did as he was asked and the fox got on his back and climbed out of the well. Then he
coolly walked away. The goat called out loudly after him and reminded him of his promise to
help him out. The fox merely turned to him and said; ³If you only had thought carefully about
getting out, you wouldn¶t have jumped into the well.´

The goat felt very sad. He called out loudly. An old man walking nearby heard him and put a
plank into the well. The goat got out and thanked the old man.

 

Once upon a time there was a man who liked hunting very much. He often went to the forest to
hunt any animal he met.

One day he went hunting into the forest. He intended to shoot any animal he saw. He brought his
gun with him. When he was searching for his prey, suddenly he saw a bird perching on a branch
of a tree. It was a dove. When he was aiming his gun at the dove, suddenly an ant came and bit
his foot. He was so startled that he didn¶t shoot the dove. It was safe and then flew away.

Several days later, the dove was flying over a lake. He saw an ant floating on the surface of the
water. It was the ant that had saved the dove¶s life from the hunter. The ant was almost drowned.
The dove got an idea, he picked up a big leaf and dropped it onto the surface of the water near
the ant. Luckily the ant could get on the leaf.

The ant tried to bring the leaf to the edge of the lake and landed on the ground. The ant was safe
because the dove helped him.

    
Once upon a time, there was a beautiful girl called Cinderella. She lived with her stepsister &
stepmother. They were very bossy. She had to do all the housework.

One day, an invitation to the ball came to the family. Her stepsister did not let her go, so
Cinderella was very sad. The stepsister went to the ball without her.

Fortunately, the fairy godmother came and helped her to get to the ball. At the ball, Cinderella
danced with the prince, who fell in love with her, then later he married her. They lived happily
ever after.

 )*+%, --$%&' ) $
There once was a prince who wanted to marry a princess, but it had to be real princess. So he
went all over the world looking for a real princess. Everywhere he met young ladies told him
they were real princess, but could never be completely sure that this was true. There was always
something about them that did not seem quite right. And so, after along time, the prince went
back home to his parents and was very sad.

One evening there was a terrible storm. It rained heavily and there was thunder and lightning in
the sky above the royal castle. Then there was a knock at the castle gate. The old king went out
to see who it could be.

A princess was standing outside the gate. The rain ran down over her hair and clothes and into
her shoes. She told the king that she was a real princess, and he asked her to come inside.

³Well, said the old queen. We¶ll soon find out if that is true. She went into the guest bedroom
and took the mattress and blanket of the bed. Then she put a little green pea on the bed. She put
twenty mattress on top of the pea, and then twenty mattress on top of the pea, and then twenty
blankets on top of the mattress. This was where the princess was going to spend the night.

The next morning the queen asked the princess how she had slept.

³oh, it was terrible´ answered the princess. Í didn¶t close my eyes all night. I don¶t know what
was in my bed, but I lay on something hard, and now I am black and blue all over. It was quite a
terrible night.´

Now, the king, the queen and the prince could be sure that this was a real princess she had felt
the little pea trough twenty mattresses and twenty blankets. Only a real princess will be able to
do that.

So the prince married the princess and the pea was put in a museum for everyone to see, unless
someone has taken it, it¶s still there today.

 ".& % ((- 
Long time ago a remote village, in central China was inhabited mainly with farmers and hunters.
One day, a poor farmer lost his entire livestock to flood. He prayed hard to God for help or his
family would die of starvation.

Few days later, an old man with long grey beard, passed by his house took pity on him. He gave
him a goose and said ³ I don¶t have any expensive thing to give you and hope this goose will
help you to ease your hardship.´

A week later to almost surprise the farmer found and egg in his yard. This was no ordinary egg.
It was a golden egg. He was suddenly overcome with joy.

Thereafter, his livelihood had rapidly improved but the farmer had forgotten his earlier hardship.
He became lazy, arrogant and spendthrift.

Strangely, the goose only laid one golden egg every six months. The greedy farmer lost his
patient and slaughtered his goose thinking there were plenty of golden eggs inside its stomach.

Though he very much regretted for his foolishness, it¶s already too late.

 

Once upon a time, there lived in Japan a peasant and his wife. They were sad couple because
they had no children. They kept praying to their god pleading to give them a child.

While cutting wood by a stream one day, the man saw a large peach floating on the water. He ran
to pick it up. His wife was excited because she had never seen such a large peach before. They
were about to cut the peach when they heard a voice from inside.

The couples were surprised to do anything. The peach then cracked open, and there was a
beautiful baby inside. The couples were very happy, of course. They named the baby Momotaro,
which meant µpeach boy¶.

Momotaro grew up to be clever, courage young man. His parents loved him very much.

One day, Momotaro told his parents hat he was going to fight the pirates who always attacked
their village. These pirates lived on an island a few kilometers away. Momotaro¶s mother packed
his food, and his father gave him a sword. Having blessed Momotaro, they sent him off on his
journey.

Sailing on his boat, Momotaro met an eagle going in the same direction. They became good
friends; soon, both of them arrived on the island of the pirates.

Momotaro drew out the sacred sword his father had given him and began to fight the pirates. The
eagle flew over the thieves¶ heads, pecking at their eyes. Finally, the pirates were defeated.

Momotaro brought home all the goods that pirates had stolen. His parents were proud of him,
and they were overjoyed at his victory and save return.
p

ë  
Many years ago, there lived a hermit in a forest in Sumatra. He did not grow food but depended
on the jungle fruit to survive. Soon, there was a drought, and all the plants and fruit trees in the
jungle died.

The old man had nothing to eat now, so he turned to begging. He went to a nearby village trying
to get some food. At first, the villagers were happy to help him. However, when he came
continually, they refused to give him any more food. They told him to grow his own food.

One day, while the hermit was sitting in his hut, sad and hungry, he began to think about
growing his own food. Just then, a boatman stopped by and taking a pity on hermit gave him
some ³paddy´ seeds.

Before the boatman went away, he said, ³These seeds will grow and give you everlasting harvest
if you work very hard. If you are tired of the work, the ³paddy´ plants will turn into weeds.´

The old hermit worked hard to clear the land and sowed the seeds before the rain came.
Strangely, after a short period of time, the ³paddy´ was ready for harvesting. The old man got a
lot of rice from the harvest. After each harvest, the plants grew back again right away.

When the villagers heard about the hermit and his wonderful ³paddy´, they flocked to his
³paddy´ field and took home as much ³paddy´ as they could.

One day, hermit became so tired of harvesting the ³paddy then he shouted,´ Oh, stop growing,
you wretched thing!´ As soon as he had said this, the ³paddy´ plants turned into weeds.

 *   +/-$%&01 %"!*$2+$


Maura, who liked to be thought of as the most beautiful and powerful queen of Arabia, had many
suitors. One by one she discarded them, until her list was reduced to just threes sheiks, all
equally young and handsome, rich and strong. It was very hard to decide who would be the best
of them.
One evening, Maura disguised herself and went to the camp of the three sheiks, as they were
about to have dinner, and asked them for something to eat.
The first gave her some leftover food; the second gave her some unappetizing camel¶s tail; the
third sheik, who was called Hakim, offered her some of the most tender and tasty meat. After
dinner, the disguised queen left the sheiks¶ camp.
The following day the queen invited the three sheiks to dinner at her palace. She ordered her
servants to give each one exactly what they had given her the evening before.
Hakim, who received a plate of delicious meat, refused to eat it if the other two could not share it
with him, and this act finally convinced Queen Maura that he was the man for her.
³Without question, Hakim is the most generous of you,´ she announced her choice to the sheiks,
³So, it is Hakim I will marry.´
* !+-
Once three fish lived in a pond. One evening, some fishermen passed by the pond and saw the
fish. µThis pond is full of fish¶, they told each other excitedly. µwe have never fished here before.
We must come back tomorrow morning with our nets and catch these fish!¶ So saying, the
fishermen left.
When the eldest of the three fish heard this, he was troubled. He called the other fish together
and said, µDid you hear what the fishermen said? W must leave this pond at once. The fishermen
will return tomorrow and kill us all!¶ The second of the three fish agreed. µYou are right¶, he
said. µWe must leave the pond.¶
But the youngest fish laughed. µYou are worrying without reason¶, he said. µWe have lived in
this pond all our lives, and no fisherman has ever come here. Why should these men return? I am
not going anywhere ± my luck will keep me safe¶.
The eldest of the fish left the pond that very evening with his entire family. The second fish saw
the fishermen coming in the distance early next morning and left the pond at once with all his
family. The third fish refused to leave even then.
The fishermen arrived and caught all the fish left in the pond. The third fish¶s luck did not help
him ± he was caught and killed.

 1*- "!".&


A beggar found a leather purse that someone had dropped in a market place. Opening it, he
discovered that it contained 100 pieces of gold. Then he heard a merchant shouted, "A reward! A
reaward to the one who find my leather purse!"

Being an honest man, the beggar came forward and handed the purse to the merchant saying,
"Here is your purse. Will you keep your word to give a reward now?"

"Reward?" scoffed the merchant greedily counting the amount of gold. "The purse I dropped had
200 pieces of gold in it. You've already stolen more than the reward I'll give to you.! Go away or
I'll tell you to the police."

"I'm an honest man," said the beggar defiantly. "Let's take this matter to the court!" In the court,
the judge patiently listened to both sides of the story and said, "I believe you both. Justice is
possible! Merchant, you stated that the purse you lost contained 200 pieces of gold. Well, that's a
considerable cost. But the purse the beggar found had only 100 pieces of gold. Therefore, it
couldn't be the one you lost."

And, with that, the judge gave the purse and all the golds to the beggar.
p

p
 ( %&"!3$%&43$% 
A candy maker in Indiana wanted to make a candy that would be a witness, so he made the
Christmas Candy Cane. He incorporated several symbols for the birth, ministry, and death of
Jesus Christ.

He began with a stick of pure white, hard candy. White to symbolize the Virgin Birth and the
sinless nature of Jesus, and hard to symbolize the Solid Rock, the foundation of the church, and
firmness of the promises of God.

The candy maker made the candy in the form of a "J" to represent the precious name of Jesus,
who came to earth as our Savior. It also represents the staff of the "Good Shepherd" with which
He reaches down into the ditches of the world to lift out the fallen lambs who, like all sheep,
have gone astray.

Thinking that the candy was somewhat plain, the candy maker stained it with red stripes. He
used the tree small stripes to show the stripes of the scourging Jesus received by which we are
healed. The large red stripe was for the blood shed by Jesus on the Cross so that we could have
the promise of eternal life, if only we put our faith and trust in Him. Unfortunately, the candy
became known as a Candy Cane - a meaningless decoration seen at Christmas time. But the
meaning is still there for those who "have eyes to see and ears to hear".
p

$**$'+5  #'%(.+-")"62$.1
ONCE upon a time there were a handsome hunter, his name was Lawongo. In the jungle he only
hunted wild hogs. The animals often always destroyed the villagers' fields. The villagers were
very grateful. With Lawongo's help, their field were safe from the wild hogs.

Lawongo was also very great in playing a flute, it was so melodious. Everybody always enjoyed
listening his playing the flute. One of the people was a beautiful girl. She always listened
attentively. Lawongo knew there was a beautiful girl who always paid attention to him. Lawongo
fell in love with her. The girl also loved him, later they got married.

They were very happy. They loved each other and promised to be always together. They would
be together until they died.

In one night, Lawongo had a strange dream. In his dream he was hunting a very big wild hog.
The hog attacked him. He did very hard to kill the hog. He used his knife to stab the hog and it
finally died.
On the next morning, Lawongo went hunting. It was still early in the morning and he did not
want to wake his wife up.
In the jungle ha did not see any animals. He could not find any wild hog either. He felt very
strange. He walk and he felt very thirsty. He picked a coconut. And when he wanted to open it
using his knife, he saw his knife was full of dried blood. He was confused. Suddenly he
remembered his wife. Somehow he had a bad feeling about his wife. He immediately went home.

When he arrived home, many people were in front of his house. One of the people said,"We're
sorry for your wife, Lawongo. Please accept our condolences."

"What happened?" asked him. He rushed into his house. He saw his wife was dead. Her body
was full of blood. Lawongo was very sad. He felt very guilty. He knew last night he stabbed hi
wife. He then told the villagers to do something.

"I cannot live without my wife. Please prepare two coffins, one for me and the other one is for
my wife."
"No, please don't do it. You are still young and we still need you here. Besides that we still want
to hear you play the flute." said one of the villagers.

"Don't worry, I still play the flute for you. Male a hole on the coffin's cover. If you cannot longer
hear my playing, it means I'm dead. You go to the beach. A strange thing will appear from the
sea. Do not point at that thing and do not say anything. It is my reincarnation." said Lawongo.

Later, the villagers buried the two coffins. At the first night, they could still hear his playing.
However the sound was getting weaker and weaker. And finally the villagers did not hear
anything.

They did Lawongo's request. They went to the beach. They all set down on the beach. Suddenly,
a strange thing appeared from the sea. It was very big. They all were surprised. However they did
not say anything. The thing finally stooped growing.

The villagers used their sampan and came to the thing. It was a coral island. They named the
island as Napombalu, which is from the words Napo and Nawalu. Napo means a coral island and
Nawalu means a strange thing which turn into an island.

$**$'+5  #'+%%(.+-7$%'1*$%& %1*

JANTUR and Menur were twins. Jantur was a boy and Menur was a girl and they had different
personalities. Jantur was lazy, he got angry easily. He always said bad words when he was angry.
However, Menur was a very kind, diligent, patient and always helped their parents. She always
reminded her brother to behave well.
³Menur! Where are you? I¶m hungry! Give me some food!´ said Jantur. ³Be patient Jantur I¶m
still cooking, the food is not ready yet. Why don't you help me mop the floor? Father and mother
will be home soon,´ said Menur. ³Arrrgggh! What took you so long? I¶m hungry, you are so
slow!´ said Janur. And he said bad words to Menur.

Menur was very sad. She cried. When their parents went home, Menur told them about Jantur¶s
bad behavior. Her father then advised him. However, Jantur did not want to listen to him. He
ignored him, and it was getting worse.

Jantur asked his parents and his sister to leave the house. They were very sad. They never
thought that Jantur would ask them to leave the house. After his parents and his sister left her
house, Jantur lived alone. At first he felt very happy because no one disturbed him. He could do
anything he wanted. He even spent his parents¶ money for bad things. When all the money was
gone, he sold his parents animals, cows, goats, cocks and hens.

Meanwhile, Menur and her parents lived in another place. When they left home, they did not
bring anything. Because they worked very hard, they could build a new home and they had new
animals.
They were rich.

How about Jantur? Soon all his parents¶ wealth was gone. Jantur was lazy, he did not want to
work. He wanted to have much money in an easy way. So he sold the last wealth, it was the
house. After Jantur sold the house, again, he spent the money foolishly. It was not surprising that
Jantur became poor again.

He did not have any money and he did not have a house. His body was very thin. He suffered
skin disease, his skin was full of black dots.

Jantur did not have a way to go, he just walked and walked. Finally, he arrived at his parents¶
house. Menur was in front of the house sweeping the floor. At first, they did not recognize each
other. Menur thought that Jantur was a beggar.

³Are you hungry? Here, I have some food,´ said Menur. Jantur was happy. He was so hungry
that he did not recognize his sister. However Menur knew him. ³Jantur? Is that you brother?
Father, mother, Jantur is here!!´ screamed Menur. ³Jantur my son, what happened to you?´ said
his mother. Jantur was surprised. ³Mother, is that really you? Father, mother, and Menur! Please
forgive me. I was punished by God. I suffer an illness, I¶m poor, and I don¶t have a house to live.
I have done bad things to you all. I promise I will be good,´ promised Jantur.
The family now reunited. They have already forgiven Jantur and amazingly Jantur was cured.
And as he promised, Jantur became a very good man.

 +. %'"5 
Once, there was a couple who love very much each other. From the very Begining, the girl's
family objected strongly on her dating this guy. Saying that it has got to do with family
background & that the girl will have to suffer for the rest of her life if she were to be with him.

Due to family's pressure, the couple quarrel very often. Though the girl love the guy deeply, but
she always ask him: "How deep is your love for me?"

As the guy is not good with his words, this often cause the girl to be very upset. With that & the
family's pressure, the girl often vent her anger on him. As for him, he only endure it in silence.

After a couple of years, the guy finally graduated & decided to further his studies in overseas.
Before leaving, he proposed to the girl: "I'm not very good with words. But all I know is that I
love you. If you allow me, I will take care of you for the rest of my life. As for your family, I'll
try my best to talk them round. Will you marry me?"

The girl agreed, & with the guy's determination, the family finally gave in & agreed to let them
get married. So before he leave, they got engaged.

The girl went out to the working society, whereas the guy was overseas, continuing his studies.
They sent their love through emails & phone calls. Though it's hard, but both never thought of
giving up.

One day, while the girl was on her way to work, she was knocked down by a car that lost control.
When she woke up, she saw her parents beside her bed. She realised that she was badly injured.
Seeing her mum crying, she wanted to comfort her. But she realized that all that could come out
of her mouth was just a sigh. She has lost her voice......

The doctors says that the impact on her brain has caused her to lose her voice. Listening to her
parents' comfort, but with nothing coming out from her, she broke down.

During the stay in hospital, besides silence cry,.....it's still just silence cry that companied her.
Upon reaching home, everything seems to be the same. Except for the ringing tone of the phone.
Which pierced into her heart everytime it rang. She does not wish to let the guy know. & not
wanting to be a burden to him, she wrote a letter to him saying that she does not wish to wait any
longer.

With that, she sent the ring back to him. In return, the guy sent millions & millions of reply, and
countless of phonecalls,.. all the girl could do, besides crying, is still crying....
The parents decided to move away, hoping that she could eventually forget everything & be
happy.

With a new environment, the girl learn sign language & started a new life. Telling herself
everyday that she must forget the guy. One day, her friend came & told her that he's back. She
asked her friend not to let him know what happened to her. Since then, there wasn't anymore
news of him.

A year has passed & her friend came with an envelope, containing an invitation card for the
guy's wedding. The girl was shattered. When she open the letter, she saw her name in it instead.

When she was about to ask her friend what's going on, she saw the guy standing in front of her.
He used sign language telling her "I've spent a year's time to learn sign language. Just to let you
know that I've not forgotten our promise. Let me have the chance to be your voice. I Love You.
With that, he slipped the ring back into her finger. The girl finally smiled.
p

$' *4 -
Once in a city, there was a skinny young boy who loved football with all his heart. Practice after
practice, he eagerly gave everything he had. But being half the size of the other boys, he got
absolutely nowhere. At all the games, this hopeful athlete sat on the bench and hardly ever
played. This teenager lived alone with his father, and the two of them had a very special
relationship.

Even though the son was always on the bench, his father was always in the stands cheering. He
never missed a game. This young man was still the smallest of the class when he entered high
school. But his father continued to encourage him but also made it very clear that he did not have
to play football if he didn't want to. But the young man loved football and decided to hang in
there. He was determined to try his best at every practice, and perhaps he'd get to play when he
became a senior.

All through high school he never missed a practice nor a game but remained a bench-warmer all
four years. His faithful father was always in the stands, always with words of encouragement for
him.

When the young man went to college, he decided to try out for the football team as a "walk-on."
Everyone was sure he could never make the cut, but he did. The coach admitted that he kept him
on the roster because he always puts his heart and soul to every practice, and at the same time,
provided the other members with the spirit and hustle they badly needed.

The news that he had survived the cut thrilled him so much that he rushed to the nearest phone
and called his father. His father shared his excitement and was sent season tickets for all the
college games. This persistent young athlete never missed practice during his four years at
college, but he never got to play in a game.
It was the end of his senior football season, and as he trotted onto the practice field shortly before
the big playoff game, the coach met him with a telegram. The young man read the telegram and
he became deathly silent.

Swallowing hard, he mumbled to the coach, "My father died this morning. Is it all right if I miss
practice today?" The coach put his arm gently around his shoulder and said, "Take the rest of the
week off, son. And don't even plan to come back to the game on Saturday."

Saturday arrived, and the game was not going well. In the third quarter, when the team was ten
points behind, a silent young man quietly slipped into the empty locker room and put on his
football gear. As he ran onto the sidelines, the coach and his players were astounded to see their
faithful teammate back so soon. "Coach, please let me play. I've just got to play today," said the
young man. The coach pretended not to hear him. There was no way he wanted is worst player in
this close playoff game.

But the young man persisted, and finally feeling sorry for the kid, the coach gave in. "All right,"
he said. "You can go in." Before long, the coach, the players and everyone in the stands could
not believe their eyes. This little unknown, who had never played before was doing everything
right. The opposing team could not stop him. He ran, he passed, blocked, and tackled like a star.

His team began to triumph. The score was soon tied. In the closing seconds of the game, this kid
intercepted a pass and ran all the way for the winning touchdown. The fans broke loose. His
teammates hoisted him onto their shoulders. Such cheering you never heard.

Finally, after the stands had emptied and the team had showered and left the locker room, the
coach noticed that this young man was sitting quietly in the corner all alone. The coach came to
him and said, "Kid, I can't believe it. You were fantastic! Tell me what got into you? How did
you do it?"

He looked at the coach, with tears in his eyes, and said, "Well, you knew my dad died, but did
you know that my dad was blind?" The young man swallowed hard and forced a smile, "Dad
came to all my games, but today was the first time he could see me play, and I wanted to show
him I could do it!".

 .&8"6$%$%&  )$**"9


Once upon a time, there lived a kind hearted man and his wife. One morning, his wife found a
poor little sparrow. She took it gently and fed it. To show its gratitude, the sparrow stayed with
them and sang every morning. But there was an ill-tempered old woman who didn't like the
sparrow. She cut the sparrow's tongue. That's why the bird flew away to its previous nest.

Knowing that their sparrow flew away, the kind man and his wife looked for the sparrow. They
walked a long way, crossed the bridges, climbed the mountains and passed the woods.

At last, they could find the sparrow's nest. The sparrow welcomed them and provided a feast for
them. Before they went home, the sparrow brought two baskets; one was large and looked heavy,
and the other one was small and light. The sparrow asked them to choose only one. They chose
the small and that was the best choice. There were many rolls of silk and piles of gold in it.

Being jealous, the ill-tempered old woman did the same thing as the kind man and his wife did.
She chose the big basket which actually contained wasps and venomous crawlers, such as
scorpions, centipedes, and other horrible creatures. Finally, aaathey stung and bit her to death.
p

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In the town of Verona there lived two families, the Capulets and the Montagues. They engaged
in a bitter feud. Among the Montagues was Romeo, a hot-blooded young man with an eye for the
ladies. One day, Romeo attended the feast of the Capulets', a costume party where he expected to
meet his love, Rosaline, a haughty beauty from a well-to-do family. Once there, however,
Romeo's eyes felt upon Juliet, and he thought of Rosaline no more.

The vision of Juliet had been invading his every thought. Unable to sleep, Romeo returned late
that night to the Juliet's bedroom window. There, he was surprised to find Juliet on the balcony,
professing her love for him and wishing that he were not a "Montague", a name behind his own.
"What's in a name? That which we call a rose by any other name would smell as sweet." Romeo
was ready to deny his name and professed his love. The two agreed to meet at nine o-clock the
next morning to be married.

Early the next morning, Romeo came to Friar Lawrence begging the friar to marry him to Juliet.
The Friar performed the ceremony, praying that the union might someday put an end to the feud
between the two families. He advised Romeo kept the marriage a secret for a time.

On the way home, Romeo chanced upon his friend Mercutio arguing with Tybalt, a member of
the Capulet clan. That qurreling last caused Merquito died. Romeo was reluctant no longer. He
drew his sword and slew Tybalt died. Romeo realized he had made a terrible mistake. Then Friar
Lawrence advised Romeo to travel to Mantua until things cool down. He promised to inform
Juliet.
In the other hand, Juliet's father had decided the time for her to marry with Paris. Juliet consulted
Friar Lawrence and made a plot to take a sleeping potion for Juliet which would simulate death
for three days. The plot proceeded according to the plan. Juliet was sleeping in death.

Unfortunately, The Friar's letter failed to reach Romeo. Under the cover of darkness, he broke
into Juliet's tomb. Romeo kissed the lips of his Juliet one last time and drank the poison.
Meanwhile, the effects of the sleeping potion wear off. Juliet woke up calling for Romeo. She
found her love next to her but was lying dead, with a cup of poison in his hand. She tried to kiss
the poison from his lips, but failed. Then Juliet put out his dagger and plunged it into her breast.
She died 

 $'"%5$%, 61'1$.

He traded Covered Call Funds Change

Selling covered calls on stocks in your portfolio are a way to earn additional income. Many
experts consider this strategy to be a low risk way to increase portfolio returns.
However, the options are complicated, much more so that seem at first. Few people, even many
experienced investors, not fully understood. There is also a huge number of options to choose
from. You can sell in the money calls, close to the money calls and out of the money calls. You
can sell with expiration dates or three years ago in the future.
However, not all of these options will produce the same return, and some are riskier than others.
Therefore, many people prefer to have professionals apply this strategy to their advantage. They
just do not have the time, knowledge, confidence or consent to implement its own covered call
writing strategy.
When you write a covered call, sell someone the right to buy 100 shares of those shares from you
at a certain price (the strike) for a certain period (before the expiry date). Why sell something of
value, is paid any money from it. That money is called the premium.
If the market price of the stock never reaches the strike by expiration date, the actions and keeps
the premium. That's the ideal situation for a covered call writer, but life is not always ideal.
If the market price of shares up to and past the strike price, then those shares will be sold in its
portfolio. You still kept the premium, and sales value. Unless, of course, for the commission.
This situation is not considered ideal, because it lost the difference between the true market price
and the strike value. But most investors covered call shrug their shoulders at this. They still have
made a profit. And if they just bought and held the stock, they would not have realized the full
gain anyway.
The exchange traded funds or ETFs is a form of mutual fund closed-end. Most have some sort
index. Covered call writing is actively managed ETFs. That is, fund managers select which
shares to buy and they visit these shares to be sold.
ETFs somehow using covered calls to increase their returns include:
Trust BlackRock Global Equity Opportunities (BOE), Dow 30 Premium & Dividend Fund
(DPD), Eaton Vance Income Increased equity funded (EOI), Eaton Vance Income Increased
equity funded (EOS), Eaton Vance Income Tax-Managed Buy-Write Finance (ETB), First
Advantage Trust Fiduciary Management Covered Call Fund (FFA), Gabelli Gold, Natural
Resources and Income are wary of (GGN), the Trustee / Claymore Dynamic Equity Income
finance (HCE), ING Global Equity Dividend & Premium Fund (IGD), Global Advantage
Nuveen Equity Premium (JLA) Nuveen Equity Income from premiums financed (JPZ), Equity
Opportunity Fund of Nuveen Premium (JSN), Growth Come / Claymore Income Enahanced &
Finance (LCM), Madison / Claymore Covered Call Fund (MCN), Nicholas-Applegate
International & Premium Strategy Fund (NAI), NFJ Dividend , Premium and Interest Strategy
Fund (NFJ), and PIMCO Global Stocksplus Revenue & Finance (PGP).
These funds are different. Some sell covered calls on stocks in their portfolios. Some are sold in
only a portion of your portfolio, some in their entire portfolios. Some of them sell only outside
money calls. Some also buy protective puts.
All dividends paid monthly or quarterly.
You should evaluate various ways. First, what is your management fees? The management fees
of the lower background, higher long-term performance.
p

2 -'61'1$.!1%&-!"*
Best mutual funds for 2011 - Contra Bond Funds Funds Sell

Consider this a warning if it takes the best mutual funds for 2011 and years to be re vs bond
funds. stock funds. Millions of people have these funds and many are wondering what is the best
funds to own in these times of high uncertainty. Here we compare and discuss some things about
which you may never have thought.
With the year 2011 approached a trend in mutual funds became very clear. Investors pulled
money funds exhausted and ran to the perceived safety of bond funds. The reason: Bond funds
had a good record, while equity funds investors had beaten up big time ... twice in the "lost
decade" from 2000 to 2010. Forward could be a serious mistake to assume that the best mutual
funds for 2011 and beyond will again be those that invest in fixed income securities called
bonds. Let's look at the nature of both types of funds.
Bond funds are often marked INCOME funds because their goal is to earn relatively high interest
income for its investors by investing in fixed income securities. The second objective is
preservation of principal or stable prices of fund shares (security). Stock funds are often called
Equity funds because they invest their money in equities (stocks) in the pursuit of total return ...
higher with a higher degree of risk. Earn money here when stock prices rise, and secondarily
dividend income. Most people have learned the value or price of their equity funds fluctuate,
going up and down. Many have not learned that bond fund values fluctuate too, but pursues a
relative price stability.
Few people care for their mutual funds, but they know more if you make or lose money. For
example, few would know how or why they made a total yield of 10% for the year in a bond
fund when paid only 3% or 4% dividend (interest) income. Where did the rest of the profits?
Very simply, the price of fund shares rose on the year as interest rates fell in the economy. This
has been the basic trend for years as interest rates have fallen to new lows. A consequence of
falling rates of fixed income securities in bond fund portfolios have become more attractive to
investors in general - which has offered up bond prices to higher levels and higher on the open
market.
In vs bond funds. equity funds will debate could say that the former is more predictable. If the
economy remains lackluster and interest rates continue to fall, bond funds might well be the best
mutual funds for 2011 and future years. Moreover, these funds are even more predictable in the
short side. If interest rates rise appreciably virtually all the bonds in the stocks become less
attractive and lose value. Then make the funds that invest in them. This is one of the only
ironclad rules to investing. Another is that each investment is at risk ... and there is significant
risk to the investor relied on income funds when interest rates are at or near new lows. Plus, there
is little potential gain upper left. After all, how much further they can fall in interest rates?
Equity funds, as the stock market has always been unpredictable from year to year. That's why
these funds are required to warn investors about the risks involved in investing in them. On the
other hand, they have produced long-term gains (returns) on the average about 10% per year vs.
5% to 6% returns for income funds. Some years they have produced returns of 30%, 40% or
more for investors. Another advantage is the variety of equity funds available to average
investors: general diversified funds, international, emerging markets, and specialty funds that
specialize in gold, real estate and natural resources sectors to name a few. Not all equity funds
tank when the U.S. stock market gets beaten for a loop.
In the best mutual funds for 2011 debate vs bond funds. equity funds here are my final thoughts
for you. The average investor should invest in both. You can do this and cut their overall risk if
you do the following. Avoid long-term fund income because they are very sensitive to higher
interest rates. Go with intermediate-term funds for less risk. In the equity diversified funds the
department as crazy even international and specialty funds in your portfolio. The general
diversified equity funds should be your primary properties, but mix it up a little. Funds that
specialize in the likes of gold, real estate, and oil stocks can sometimes bucking the trend in a
lousy stock market.
You should not find the best mutual funds for 2011 and beyond on any category to succeed.
Need the best collection of funds of stocks and bonds that bring their overall risk portfolio at a
level that can live with.





2.$,/*",/61'1$.!1%&-

Principal Management Advantage Concrete 2011


Companies benefit management are handled by experienced professionals to manage the benefits
of investors. The recession and economic slowdown have affected the performance of these
management companies and securities investment funds. As the economy recovers steadily, the
AMC has started to do well.
Several AMC operates in India that are started by Indian companies. Part of the AMC would
have been started as a joint venture between Indian companies with a foreign partner. But most
of the Indian AMC than in many areas when compared to Indian companies with a foreign
partner.
According to the study of marketing, AMC in India will grow at a rate of over 30% in one year.
The companies hope to take this opportunity to expand your business and generate more income.
Part of Major Benefit Management Companies for 2010 are listed below. These companies have
launched various schemes for mutual fund investors and the schemes also perform well.
* The Unit Trust of India (UTI) AMC Limited
* Dependency Management to Senior Advantage Limited
* Enter the Bank of India Funds Management Private Limited
* HDFC AMC Limited
* Prudential ICICI AMC Limited
* ES Franklin Templeton (India) Private Limited
* Sundaram BNP Paribas AMC Limited
* Private Investment Managers Limited BlackRock DSP
* Tata ES Private Limited
* ABN Amro AMC Pvt Limited
* Kotak Mahindra AMC Private Limited
The fund outlined launched by these companies give good returns to investors. You can also earn
more if you invest in the best funds.
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There was once upon a time a king who had three sons, of whom two were clever and wise, but
the third did not speak much, and was simple, and was called the simpleton. When the king had
become old and weak, and was thinking of his end, he did not know which of his sons should
inherit the kingdom after him. Then he said to them, go forth, and he who brings me the most
beautiful carpet shall be king after my death.

And that there should be no dispute amongst them, he took them outside his castle, blew three
feathers in the air, and said, you shall go as they fly. One feather flew to the east, the other to the
west, but the third flew straight up and did not fly far, but soon fell to the ground.

And now one brother went to the right, and the other to the left, and they mocked simpleton, who
was forced to stay where the third feather had fallen. He sat down and was sad. Then all at once
he saw that there was a trap-door close by the feather. He raised it up, found some steps, and
went down them. Then he came to another door, knocked at it, and heard somebody inside
calling - little green waiting-maid, waiting-maid with the limping leg, little dog of the limping
leg, hop hither and thither, and quickly see who is without.

The door opened, and he saw a great, fat toad sitting, and round about her a crowd of little toads.
The fat toad asked what he wanted. He answered, I should like to have the prettiest and finest
carpet in the world. Then she called a young one and said - little green waiting-maid, waiting-
maid with the limping leg, little dog of the limping leg, hop hither and thither, and bring me the
great box.

The young toad brought the box, and the fat toad opened it, and gave simpleton a carpet out of it,
so beautiful and so fine, that on the earth above, none could have been woven like it. Then he
thanked her, and climbed out again.

The two others, however, had looked on their youngest brother as so stupid that they believed he
would find and bring nothing at all. Why should we give ourselves a great deal of trouble
searching, said they, and got some coarse handkerchiefs from the first shepherds' wives whom
they met, and carried them home to the king.

At the same time simpleton also came back, and brought his beautiful carpet, and when the king
saw it he was astonished, and said, if justice be done, the kingdom belongs to the youngest. But
the two others let their father have no peace, and said that it was impossible that simpleton, who
in everything lacked understanding,
should be king, and entreated him to make a new agreement with them.

Then the father said, he who brings me the most beautiful ring shall inherit the kingdom, and led
the three brothers out, and blew into the air three feathers, which they were to follow. Those of
the two eldest again went east and west, and simpleton's feather flew straight up, and fell down
near the door into the earth.
Then he went down again to the fat toad, and told her that he wanted the most beautiful ring. She
at once ordered her big box to be brought, and gave him a ring out of it, which sparkled with
jewels, and was so beautiful that no goldsmith on earth would have been able to make it.

The two eldest laughed at simpleton for going to seek a golden ring. They gave themselves no
trouble, but knocked the nails out of an old carriage-ring, and took it to the king, but when
simpleton produced his golden ring, his father again said, the kingdom belongs to him. The two
eldest did not cease from tormenting the king until he made a third condition, and declared that
the one who brought the most
beautiful woman home, should have the kingdom. He again blew the three feathers into the air,
and they flew as before.

Then simpleton without more ado went down to the fat toad, and said, I am to take home the
most beautiful woman. Oh, answered the toad, the most beautiful woman. She is not at hand at
the moment, but still you shall have her. She gave him a yellow turnip which had been hollowed
out, to which six mice were harnessed. Then simpleton said quite mournfully, what am I to do
with that. The toad answered,
just put one of my little toads into it. Then he seized one at random out of the circle, and put her
into the yellow coach, but hardly was she seated inside it than she turned into a wonderfully
beautiful maiden, and the turnip into a coach, and the six mice into horses. So he kissed her, and
drove off quickly with the horses, and
took her to the king.

His brothers, who came afterwards, had given themselves no trouble at all looking for beautiful
girls, but had brought with them the first peasant women they chanced to meet. When the king
saw them he said, after my death the kingdom belongs to my youngest son. But the two eldest
deafened the king's ears afresh with their clamor, we cannot consent to simpleton's being king,
and demanded that the one whose wife could leap through a ring which hung in the centre of the
hall should have the preference. They thought, the peasant women can do that easily, they are
strong enough, but the delicate maiden will jump herself to death.

The aged king agreed likewise to this. Then the two peasant women jumped, and jumped through
the ring, but were so clumsy that they fell, and their coarse arms and legs broke in two. And then
the pretty maiden whom simpleton had brought with him, sprang, and sprang through as lightly
as a deer, and all opposition had to cease. So he received the crown, and has ruled wisely for a
length of time.
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"".& %""- 
There was a man who had three sons, the youngest of whom was called Dummling, and was
despised, mocked, and sneered at on every occasion.

It happened that the eldest wanted to go into the forest to hew wood, and before he went his
mother gave him a beautiful sweet cake and a bottle of wine in order that he might not suffer
from hunger or thirst.
When he entered the forest he met a little grey-haired old man who bade him good-day, and said,
do give me a piece of cake out of your pocket, and let me have a draught of your wine, I am so
hungry and thirsty. But the clever son answered, if I give you my cake and wine, I shall have
none for myself, be off with you, and he left the little man standing and went on.

But when he began to hew down a tree, it was not long before he made a false stroke, and the axe
cut him in the arm, so that he had to go home and have it bound up. And this was the little grey
man's doing.

After this the second son went into the forest, and his mother gave him, like the eldest, a cake
and a bottle of wine. The little old grey man met him likewise, and asked him for a piece of cake
and a drink of wine. But the second son, too, said sensibly enough, what I give you will be taken
away from myself, be off, and he left the little man standing and went on. His punishment,
however, was not delayed, when he had made a few blows at the tree he struck himself in the leg,
so that he had to be carried home.

Then Dummling said, father, do let me go and cut wood. The father answered, your brothers
have hurt themselves with it, leave it alone, you do not understand anything about it. But
Dummling begged so long that at last he said, just go then, you will get wiser by hurting
yourself. His mother gave him a cake made with water and baked in the cinders, and with it a
bottle of sour beer.

When he came to the forest the little old grey man met him likewise, and greeting him, said, give
me a piece of your cake and a drink out of your bottle, I am so hungry and thirsty.

Dummling answered, I have only cinder-cake and sour beer, if that pleases you, we will sit down
and eat. So they sat down, and when Dummling pulled out his cinder-cake, it was a fine sweet
cake, and the sour beer had become good wine. So they ate and drank, and after that the little
man said, since you have a good heart, and are willing to divide what you have, I will give you
good luck. There
stands an old tree, cut it down, and you will find something at the roots. Then the little man took
leave of him.

Dummling went and cut down the tree, and when it fell there was a goose sitting in the roots with
feathers of pure gold. He lifted her up, and taking her with him, went to an inn where he thought
he would stay the night. Now the host had three daughters, who saw the goose and were curious
to know what such a wonderful bird might be, and would have liked to have one of its golden
feathers.

The eldest thought, I shall soon find an opportunity of pulling out a feather, and as soon as
Dummling had gone out she seized the goose by the wing, but her finger and hand remained
sticking fast to it.

The second came soon afterwards, thinking only of how she might get a feather for herself, but
she had scarcely touched her sister than she was held fast.
At last the third also came with the like intent, and the others screamed out, keep away, for
goodness, sake keep away. But she did not understand why she was to keep away. The others are
there, she thought, I may as well be there too, and ran to them, but as soon as she had touched
her sister, she remained sticking fast to her. So they had to spend the night with the goose.

The next morning Dummling took the goose under his arm and set out, without troubling himself
about the three girls who were hanging on to it. They were obliged to run after him continually,
now left, now right, wherever his legs took him.

In the middle of the fields the parson met them, and when he saw the procession he said, for
shame, you good-for-nothing girls, why are you running across the fields after this young man. Is
that seemly?

At the same time he seized the youngest by the hand in order to pull her away, but as soon as he
touched her he likewise stuck fast, and was himself obliged to run behind.

Before long the sexton came by and saw his master, the parson, running behind three girls. He
was astonished at this and called out, hi, your reverence, whither away so quickly. Do not forget
that we have a christening to-day, and running after him he took him by the sleeve, but was also
held fast to it. Whilst the five were trotting thus one behind the other, two laborers came with
their hoes from the fields, the parson called out to them and begged that they would set him and
the sexton free. But they had scarcely touched the sexton when they were held fast, and now
there were seven of them running behind Dummling and the goose.

Soon afterwards he came to a city, where a king ruled who had a daughter who was so serious
that no one could make her laugh. So he had put forth a decree that whosoever should be able to
make her laugh should marry her. When Dummling heard this, he went with his goose and all
her train before the king's daughter, and as soon as she saw the seven people running on and on,
one behind the other, she
began to laugh quite loudly, and as if she would never stop.

Thereupon Dummling asked to have her for his wife, but the king did not like the son-in-law,
and made all manner of excuses and said he must first produce a man who could drink a cellarful
of wine.

Dummling thought of the little grey man, who could certainly help him, so he went into the
forest, and in the same place where he had felled the tree, he saw a man sitting, who had a very
sorrowful face.

Dummling asked him what he was taking to heart so sorely, and he answered, I have such a great
thirst and cannot quench it, cold water I cannot stand, a barrel of wine I have just emptied, but
that to me is like a drop on a hot stone.

There, I can help you, said Dummling, just come with me and you shall be satisfied.
He led him into the king's cellar, and the man bent over the huge barrels, and drank and drank till
his loins hurt, and before the day was out he had emptied all the barrels. Then Dummling asked
once more for his bride, but the king was vexed that such an ugly fellow, whom everyone called
Dummling, should take away his daughter, and he made a new condition, he must first find a
man who could eat a whole
mountain of bread. Dummling did not think long, but went straight into the forest, where in the
same place there sat a man who was tying up his body with a strap, and making an awful face,
and saying, I have eaten a whole ovenful of rolls, but what good is that when one has such a
hunger as I. My stomach remains empty, and I must tie myself up if I am not to die of hunger.

At this Dummling was glad, and said, get up and come with me, you shall eat yourself full. He
led him to the king's palace, where all the flour in the whole kingdom was collected, and from it
he caused a huge mountain of bread to be baked. The man from the forest stood before it, began
to eat, and by the end of one day the whole mountain had vanished. Then Dummling for the third
time asked for his bride, but the king again sought a way out, and ordered a ship which could sail
on land and on water. As soon as you come sailing back in it, said he, you shall have my
daughter for wife.

Dummling went straight into the forest, and there sat the little grey man to whom he had given
his cake. When he heard what Dummling wanted, he said, since you have given me to eat and to
drink, I will give you the ship, and I do all this because you once were kind to me. Then he gave
him the ship which could sail on land and water, and when the king saw that, he could no longer
prevent him from having his daughter. The wedding was celebrated, and after the king's death,
Dummling inherited his kingdom and lived for a long time contentedly with his wife.
p

 
"49",*+ &8".!
There was once a shepherd-boy who kept his flock at a little distance from the village. Once he
thought he would play a trick on the villagers and have some fun at their expense. So he ran
toward the village crying out, with all his might,

³Wolf! Wolf! Come and help! The wolves are at my lambs!´

The kind villagers left their work and ran to the field to help him. But when they got there the
boy laughed at them for their pains; there was no wolf there.

Still another day the boy tried the same trick, and the villagers came running to help and got
laughed at again. Then one day a wolf did break into the fold and began killing the lambs. In
great fright, the boy ran for help.
³Wolf! Wolf!´ he screamed. ³There is a wolf in the flock! Help!´

The villagers heard him, but they thought it was another mean trick; no one paid the least
attention, or went near him. And the shepherd-boy lost all his sheep.


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This is a very strange story about the moon, a balloon and a spoon-but who's to say it isn't true?
It happened late one night when everybody had gone to bed. All the children in the houses had
been fast asleep for hours, and all the grown-ups too. Only the cats that sat on the rooftops were
wide awake in the monnlight.

Suddenly there came a noise like..,,,...thunder perhaps, or a jet plane maybe, or the roaring,
rushing sound of a hurricane......no-one could really say for sure.

All at once everyone was out of bed opening their windows and looking up into the sky.
There it was again, and again, and again. The noise was so loud that it knocked off some of the
chimney pots and sent them rolling down the roofs.

"What is it?" the people in the houses cried with fright.

A ginger cat who had been sitting on the roof seemed to know the answer.

"Its the Moon!" he purred, looking very aloof. "The Moon has a bad cold and he keeps on
sneezing!" and the ginger cat strolled off to find a quieter rooftop.

Sure enough when the people looked up into the sky, they could see that the Moon had a
dreadful cold red nose and all!

The stars were scattered across the sky, for they found it very difficult to hang on when the
Moon was sneezing so hard.

All through that night the moon sneezed and sneezed. No-one got a wink of sleep and everyone
felt very tired and grumpy next morning.

"What are we going to do?" neighbours asked one another-but nobody had the least idea.

"How long does a bad cold usually last?" someone asked the chemist in the shop down the street.

"At least a week," he said gravely, "and in some cases up to a fortnight!"

Everybody groaned. No sleep for a fortnight.....it was unthinkable!.

"What the Moon really needs is a bottle of my best cold medicine," the chemist went on, "that
will stop him sneezing in a jiffy."

"This all sounds very silly indeed," said a lady who lived in one of the houses. "How on earth
can we give medicine to the Moon?"

"Somebody could float up there in a ballon," said one little boy "they do it all the time in nursery
rhymes and fairy stories!"
"That sounds like a very good idea to me," a man spoke up, "I have a hot-air balloon and would
gladly help the Moon's bad cold!"

First the medicine had to be mixed. The chemist found everything he needed and put all the
ingredients into a great big bowl. He had a giant bottle in his shop window so he carefully
poured the cold mixture into that.
"So far so good," smiled the chemist looking very pleased with himself.

"We shall need a giant spoon!" piped up the little boy (whose idea it was in the first place).
"I've just the thing," cried the baker. "I use it to stir my cakes at Christmas time.......I've such a lot
to make!"

So straight away he ran to his shop to fetch the giant spoon.

The man who owned the hot-air balloon started getting things ready.

The little boy (whose idea it was in the first place), was going up in the basket to give the Moon
the medicine.
By the time darkness fell and the Moon appeared in the sky, everything was ready.

You could hear that the Moon's cold was no better, in fact he sounded much worse. Even the
clouds were being blown all over the place.

"Soon we shall be sneezing instead of twinkling," some of the stars grumbled loudly.
At long last the man in the hot-air balloon and the little boy, (whose idea it was in the first place),
reached the Moon.

Very, very carefully the little boy gave the Moon the cold medicine from the giant spoon.

"Is it alright to take the whole bottle?" asked the Moon wheezing and sneezing.

"Perfectly alright," the little boy replied, "it says so on the label!"

The cold medicine worked wonders. In next to no time the Moon recovered and all was peace
and quiet.
Everyone in the houses had a good night's sleep, for there was nothing to disturb their
slumbers......and the cats walked along the rooftops as usual and gazed up at the moon, who was
asleep too!

p

$9$%( *$$%&
$9$%(1'+
BAWANG Putih lived with her step mother and her step sister, Bawang Merah. Bawang Putih's
mother died when she was a baby. Her father remarried another woman and later her step sister
was born. Unfortunately, not long after that her father died. Since then, Bawang Putih's life was
sad. Her step mother and her step sister treated Bawang Putih badly and always asked her to do
all the household chores.

One morning, Bawang Putih was washing some clothes in a river. Accidentally, her mother's
clothes were washed away by the river. She was really worried so she walked along the river side
to find the clothes. Finally she met an old woman. She said that she kept the clothes and would
give them back to Bawang Putih if she helped the old woman do the household chores. Bawang
Putih helped her happily. After everything was finished, the old woman returned the clothes. She
also gave Bawang Putih a gift. The old woman had two pumpkins, one pumpkin was small and
the other one was big. Bawang Putih had to choose one.

Bawang Putih was not a greedy girl. So she took the small one. After thanking the old woman,
Bawang Putih then went home. When she arrived home, her step mother and Bawang Merah
were angry. They had been waiting for her all day long. Bawang Putih then told about the
clothes, the old woman, and the pumpkin. Her mother was really angry so she grabbed the
pumpkin and smashed it to the floor. Suddenly they all were surprised. Inside the pumpkin they
found jewelries. "Bawang Merah, hurry up. Go to the river and throw my clothes into the water.
After that, find the old woman. Remember, you have to take the big pumpkin," the step mother
asked Bawang Merah to do exactly the same as Bawang Putih's experience. Bawang Merah
immediately went to the river. She threw the clothes and pretended to search them. Not long after
that, she met the old woman. Again she asked Bawang Merah to do household chores. She
refused and asked the old woman to give her a big pumpkin. The old woman then gave her the
big one. Bawang Merah was so happy. She ran very fast. When she arrived home, her mother
was impatient. She directly smashed the pumpkin to the floor. They were screaming. There were
a lot of snakes inside the pumpkin! They were really scared. They were afraid the snakes would
bite them. "Mom, I think God just punished us. We had done bad things to Bawang Putih. And
God didn't like that. We have to apologize to Bawang Putih," said Bawang Merah.

Finally both of them realized their mistakes. They apologized and Bawang Putih forgave them.
Now the family is not poor anymore. Bawang Putih decided to sell all the jewelries and used the
money for their daily lives.p

p
c+' :-$. ù
The sun shone brightly and the west breeze blew. The kite was flying this way and that way tied
to her string.
Suddenly the string snapped. The kite was free. She soared high in the air until she could see far,
far away.
The kite followed some parrots who took her to see the rainforests. The air was cool and the kite
got wet.
The kite followed some crocodiles who took her to see the rivers. The air was misty and the kite
caught a fish.
The kite followed some wallabies who took her to see the deserts. The air was hot and the kite
got tired.
So the kite followed the sun who took her back home, right to her string

"' "%$**$'+5  #'


The example of Narrative above is taken from Jeany Eather. We see that Narrative will be a
narrative if the text include any complication among the characters. Narrative is mainly to tell a
story. Telling a story is intended to entertain as well teach certain moral values.
From the narrative example above, we can see the specific generic structure which actually
makes this text different from other text types
The first paragraph is setting the scene. This scene set up will include information of who, what,
when and where. This is actually what we know as Orientation to introduce the participant in the
text, kite and information near it.
The second paragraph is introducing a problem as complication set which is followed by other
three paragraphs as series of event.
The last paragraph is the resolution to end the story. Resolution can be good or bad.

  '"*4"! $%(/1*+$%($%&$%(/12$% *$1"1%'$+%

Once, there was a kingdom in Priangan Land. Lived a happy family. They were a father in form
of dog,his name is Tumang, a mother which was called is Dayang Sumbi, and a child which was
called Sangkuriang.
One day, Dayang Sumbi asked her son to go hunting with his lovely dog, Tumang. After hunting
all day, Sangkuriang began desperate and worried because he hunted no deer. Then he thought to
shot his own dog. Then he took the dog liver and carried home.

Soon Dayang Sumbi found out that it was not deer lever but Tumang's, his own dog. So, She was
very angry and hit Sangkuriang's head. In that incident, Sangkuriang got wounded and scar then
cast away from their home.

Years go bye, Sangkuriang had travel many places and finally arrived at a village. He met a
beautiful woman and felt in love with her. When they were discussing their wedding plans, The
woman looked at the wound in Sangkuriang's head. It matched to her son's wound who had left
severall years earlier. Soon she realized that she felt in love with her own son.

She couldn't marry him but how to say it. Then, she found the way. She needed a lake and a boat
for celebrating their wedding day. Sangkuriang had to make them in one night. He built a lake.
With a dawn just moment away and the boat was almost complete. Dayang Sumbi had to stop it.
Then, she lit up the eastern horizon with flashes of light. It made the cock crowed for a new day.
Sangkuriang failed to marry her. She was very angry and kicked the boat. It felt over and became
the mountain of Tangkuban Perahu Bandung.

ù$.+%c1%&$%( '"*4ù
A long time ago, in a small village near the beach in West Sumatra, a woman and her son lived.
They were Malin Kundang and her mother. Her mother was a single parent because Malin
Kundang's father had passed away when he was a baby. Malin Kundang had to live hard with his
mother.
Malin Kundang was a healthy, dilligent, and strong boy. He usually went to sea to catch fish.
After getting fish he would bring it to his mother, or sold the caught fish in the town.
One day, when Malin Kundang was sailing, he saw a merchant's ship which was being raided by
a small band of pirates. He helped the merchant. With his brave and power, Malin Kundang
defeated the pirates. The merchant was so happy and thanked to him. In return the merchant
asked Malin Kundang to sail with him. To get a better life, Malin Kundang agreed. He left his
mother alone.
Many years later, Malin Kundang became wealthy. He had a huge ship and was helped by many
ship crews loading trading goods. Perfectly he had a beautiful wife too. When he was sailing his
trading journey, his ship landed on a beach near a small village. The villagers recognized him.
The news ran fast in the town; ³Malin Kundang has become rich and now he is here´.
An old woman ran to the beach to meet the new rich merchant. She was Malin Kundang¶s
mother. She wanted to hug him, released her sadness of being lonely after so long time.
Unfortunately, when the mother came, Malin Kundang who was in front of his well dressed wife
and his ship crews denied meeting that old lonely woman. For three times her mother begged
Malin Kundang and for three times he yelled at her. At last Malin Kundang said to her "Enough,
old woman! I have never had a mother like you, a dirty and ugly woman!" After that he ordered
his crews to set sail. He would leave the old mother again but in that time she was full of both
sadness and angriness.
Finally, enraged, she cursed Malin Kundang that he would turn into a stone if he didn't
apologize. Malin Kundang just laughed and really set sail.
In the quiet sea, suddenly a thunderstorm came. His huge ship was wrecked and it was too late
for Malin Kundang to apologize. He was thrown by the wave out of his ship. He fell on a small
island. It was really too late for him to avoid his curse. Suddenly, he turned into a stone.

(Re-written from www.st.rim.or.jp)


$**$'+5 %$.4-+-"% % *+, '*1,'1* 
Many believe that a story can teach a society certain moral value. Most stories are build in
narrative. Because it is a narrative story, it must consists of complication. That complication, in
fact, is the moral value which like to be taught.
*+ %'$'+"%; the first paragraph is set to be the story introduction. Reading the orientation,
reader will know that the story is characterized with Malin Kundang and his mother. Wes
Sumatra is set as the place.
3"6).+,$'+"%; this is the main element of narrative story. From the Malin Kundang myth, we
know that there are more than one complication. Many stories are composed with multi
complications. They are minor complication and major complication. When Malin Kundang and
her mother did life hard, it can be the minor complication. this hard life in the first time was
solved by his successful trading as new merchant. However this narrative sotry is more
interesting when we see the major complication among the participants- Malin Kundang denied
his mother after being successful merchant. In every story, complication must be ended; happy
ending or sad one
-".1'+"%; this is the end of the story, the sad ending one. Malin Kundang faces his curse of
turning into a stone.

ù*$2+$% '"*4ù
Maura, who like to be thought of as the most beautiful and powerful queen of Arabia, had many
suitors. One by one she discarded them, until her list was reduced to just three sheiks. The three
sheiks were all equally young and handsome. They were also rich and strong. It was very hard to
decide who would be the best of them.

One evening, Maura disguised herself and went to the camp of the three sheiks. As they were
about to have dinner, Maura asked them for something to eat. The first gave her some left over
food. The second Sheik gave her some unappetizing camel¶s tail. The third sheik, who was called
Hakim, offered her some of the most tender and tasty meat. After dinner, the disguised queen left
the sheik¶s camp.
The following day, the queen invited the three sheiks to dinner at her palace. She ordered her
servant to give each one exactly what they had given her the evening before. Hakim, who
received a plate of delicious meat, refused to eat it if the other two sheiks could not share it with
him.
This Sheik Hakim¶s act finally convinced Queen Maura that he was the man for her. ³Without
question, Hakim is the most generous of you´ she announced her choice to the sheiks. ³So it is
Hakim I will marry´.

$**$'+5 3"6).+,$'+"%+% % *+, '*1,'1*


The above example of narrative text tells a story which can amuse the reader. Amusing and
entertaining are the power of narrative text to attract the reader. Reader will tend to follow the
whole story.
As it is said many times that the heart of narrative text is the existence of the complication. It will
drive the plot of the story to keep amusing. The existence of conflict inside the Queen Maura is
what builds the story keep running. The psychological conflict inside Maura, which she strike
against herself, is arousing the readers attention to continue reading the story. They want to know
what next will happen, who will be chosen by Queen Maura, in what way she will decide who is
the best. Keeping knowing them really entertaining as well increasing the moral value added.
*+ %'$'+"%: the text introduce the Queen Maura and three sheiks in Arabia once time.
3"6).+,$'+"%: Queen Maura find out that it was very difficult to choose one as the best among
them
-".1'+"%: finally Queen Maura has a convincing way to choose one and he is Sheik Hakim
p

ù  6$*' -'$**"'ù


Once upon time, a man had a wonderful parrot. There was no other parrot like it. The parrot
could say every word, except one word. The parrot would not say the name of the place where it
was born. The name of the place was Catano.
The man felt excited having the smartest parrot but he could not understand why the parrot
would not say Catano. The man tried to teach the bird to say Catano however the bird kept not
saying the word.
At the first, the man was very nice to the bird but then he got very angry. ³You stupid bird!´
pointed the man to the parrot. ³Why can¶t you say the word? Say Catano! Or I will kill you´ the
man said angrily. Although he tried hard to teach, the parrot would not say it. Then the man got
so angry and shouted to the bird over and over; ³Say Catano or I¶ll kill you´. The bird kept not to
say the word of Catano.
One day, after he had been trying so many times to make the bird say Catano, the man really got
very angry. He could not bear it. He picked the parrot and threw it into the chicken house. There
were four old chickens for next dinner ³You are as stupid as the chickens. Just stay with them´
Said the man angrily. Then he continued to humble; ³You know, I will cut the chicken for my
meal. Next it will be your turn, I will eat you too, stupid parrot´. After that he left the chicken
house.
The next day, the man came back to the chicken house. He opened the door and was very
surprised. He could not believe what he saw at the chicken house. There were three death
chickens on the floor. At the moment, the parrot was standing proudly and screaming at the last
old chicken; ³Say Catano or I¶ll kill you´.

"' -"%$**$'+5  #'


It is important to know that the social function of the narrative text is to inform and entertain.
Narrative text will tell the story with amusing way. It provides an esthetic literary experience to
the reader. Narrative text is written based on life experience. In literary term, experience is what
we do, feel, hear, read, even what we dream.
Narrative text is organized focusing at character oriented. It is build using descriptive familiar
language and dialogue. There are some genres of literary text which fit to be classified as the
narrative text. Some of them are:

°p Folktales, it includes fables, legend, myth, or realistic tales


°p Mysteries, fantasy, science or realistic fiction

Commonly, narrative text is organized by the story of grammar. It will be beginning, middle and
end of the story. To build this story grammar, narrative text need plot. This plot will determine
the quality of the story. Plot is a series of episodes which holds the reader¶ attention while they
are reading the story.
Conflict is the main important element of the plot. This conflict among the characters will drive
the story progress. In this conflict, readers will be shown how the characters face the problem
and how they have ability to handle that problem.

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*+ %'$'+"%: It sets the scene and introduces the participants/characters. In that parrot story, the
first paragraph is the orientation where reader finds time and place set up and also the participant
as the background of the story. A man and his parrot took place once time.
3"6).+,$'+"%: It explores the conflict in the story. It will show the crisis, rising crisis and climax
of the story. In the parrot story, paragraph 2, 3, 4 are describing the complication. Readers will
find that the man face a problem of why the parrot can not say Catano. To fix this problem, the
man attempted to teach the bird. How hard he tried to teach the bird is the excitement element of
the complication.
-".1'+"%: It shows the situation which the problems have been resolved. It must be our note
that ³resolved´ means accomplished whether succeed or fail. In the last paragraph of the smartest
parrot story, readers see the problem is finished. The parrot could talk the word which the man
wanted. The parrot said the word with higher degree than the man taught the word to it. That was
the smartest parrot.

ù  6$*' -'%+6$.ù


Once there was a farmer from Laos. Every morning and every evening, he ploughed his field
with his buffalo.
One day, a tiger saw the farmer and his buffalo working in the field. The tiger was very surprised
to see a big animal listening to a small animal. The tiger wanted to know more about the big
animal and the small animal.
After the man went home, the tiger spoke to the buffalo; ³you are so big and strong. Why do you
do everything the man tells you?´ The buffalo answered; ³oh, the man is very intelligent´.
The tiger asked; ³can you tell me how intelligent he is?´. ³No, I can¶t tell you´, said the buffalo;
³but you can ask him´
So the next day the tiger asked to the man; ³Can I see your intelligence?´. But the man
answered; ³it at home´. ³Can you go and get it?´ asked the tiger. ³Yes´ said the man; ³but I am
afraid you will kill my buffalo when I am gone. Can I tie you to a tree?´
After the man tied the tiger to the tree, he didn¶t go home to get his intelligence. He took his
plough and hit the tiger. Then he said; ³Now you know about my intelligence even you haven¶t
seen it.
 % *+, '*1,'1* %$.4-+-
1. Orientation; introducing specific participants; farmer and his buffalo, once in Laos
2. Complication; revealing a series of crisis: the tiger wanted to know more about the farmer and
the buffalo, the tiger wanted to know about the farmer¶s intelligence.
3. Resolution; the crisis is resolve: the farmer hit the tiger
$%(1$(  $'1* %$.4-+-
o Using saying verb; answered
o Using thinking verb; saw, was surprised to, Using action verb; tie, hit, Using time conjunction;
once, one day
o Using connectives; after, the next day
o Using past tense; there was a farmer, the man tied the tiger.
p