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l

il!l

чувствовать вдохновлённый
'гlrcse links аrс strorrglyродство
felt iп the illspiгcd melodios of thc
оре[а, wlrich has close affinities with RusЪi*" tоlЁ.о,rsr, ;;il;
;r-;;J a"[ir,
широкая гармония искренность
tlrci г. sr,eepi ng. hагmопу, m о vi n g .i,;;,.i
Ъi"iJ.ri,,g.
глубина чувств

._ Sjl.years after the first rrighi of кIчапSussа"lпiiБirгiочЪ-ъu.


17, 1B1l2 -Бу"
,i:
,,1 <Rtls]an and - the first_ реrfоrmЪrrсе of аriоthег opuru
Lvrrdmita> (аt-tсr а роеш Ьу Pus\kйf *us'giie,, i,
Ctiutrn
PctcTsb,trгg, Iп this ор"rа G]inku'"."otJ,f ," .i.li i"irr'i.Ъ.b*iu.
поразительно
musical characterization of а Russian <,BogatyrD, обладание
fсаtугgs, of th.e pdpular hсrоеs ъi};];,rо"gs and ЪТ,.*ЁiЬ trr.
функции
storles.
1. RUSSIAN coltIPoSERS ,, ln t|tc pcriodслучайный
Ьеtwееп these two о1,..urЪ]iпkа wrоtе а lltllnlleг
oI sotrgs, tlre inciderrtai music to i(ui;;l;;Гъ^-t.^gЁdу
* iЁ.iп"о
'\, ltholmsky> and оihег \l,огks, '
{iLINKr\ -_ тIIв FАтнЕR olr RUSSIAN сLASSIсдL Mtjslc In the mid forties the comp"oser undcrto_ok
предпринял
а jJuгlrеу to Spailt,
\r,llo,se Sоuthеrп s,,cJncry апd 'fоl]r ,ou.i"
T
ire.iter, imlrгc,ssicltls \\iеге отраженный
aeeprf i-l.k.Ъi Пi*.
,l{illhtii1 Gljnka rtas the fiгst.,Ilussiar, соmро.е,' to srlmшаrizе reflected in lGlinka's l,ell*knolvlt
j,r Iris lnusic, L]le геsuIIs of histoi,ical clevelopйerrt, of ,tIre Russian t,, очеrturеs.
irrltsic. Не rr.as the founder of the Russiair school of classical In 1В4В Glirllta coru_ pleted his most and'best oгiginal orchest,al
I:,l t|.jit,, Iirb bгi]liant lvorks аге'si ill а rvor,l1 -,, Llro fan t;tsy KKanrarirrskaya> {оr symplroiy ;i.,lr;;}^.
i iilrr people"
С\ of ргidе to the Rub-
sо_urсе
irr
. - :,'.r. ::у:/|
la.st усагs of lris liIo Glinka Ьеgап_sёчегаi несколько
mdio..r,orl<s,
ii,liii]itii1 ,ivalto,iclr Glirlka lvas bortt оп Juй]t, 1804, jТ.tb" lvlrit:lt ',Ilcк сожалению
uttfrlг[tlltttr;el1, 1lc tlid ltol, li.i,c to сошрlеtе, amoltg,thern
среди них
glT;tL 1rгrlgгilltIпl Syltll)ltolry Itis
,rlI Ntll',l5рдss!<uус, ill Ijro Sпlolensk pгoviltcc. Novospas-
r,i Ijirg't, lJtrlba> nnd ]_ri.
: itr,,, bcloli-cc.l to (llinka's J'ather,, а reLiicd Rrissian al,rrry capl,iin, l}iдirlrrisL>-,л,,,.,.\,' r]!,'"^,''I'' _<'.Гаr,irs o'pei.o^o1 lr*

il11,I 1|11,1,r, tlrc соrrtро.щl,sреп[ his еаrlу chiIcihobtt. At u n.".y Il, js itЙdгеslr,.ц tu note tbat Glin]ta Was а. good siltgег
,li l I,,Т-Гf,йЕ-d-сiйЬ
;,,;;t, |1g tvas,,dirдg!цq!qýl,Ьд j,Irc. bchrrt1, alrd dcpt,h of f dclilrg "u.ly 'о alrd
о ut vocal m u si с,. wд а t, й. Ъrйi,ъ'.i ценится прежде всего
оТ i.f; r, n,,.u
ltrlssittrr frr,lit ;,llgs. '"';1 lrll.in sillging was tJrc tru.t,h.frrl impl,essioirs
правдивый
oJ пffiiйjiоg.,
-i""tr*"Бj, 'йsЁtl,,,r"г
rvlric]t jlc fЬuпd
^

(it' i_s 1,tо_чsiЬlе tlrat thosc sotlg.* hеагd in шу childlrood rvсго strch s[гikillg ."u,nl,toi
нашел такие яркие примеры
ilrflrlerrt,cd his wогk as а whoic. t{e gave n"..iioni
под влиянием
ii,,, Ill,imal]y tcciýO]I fог mу rгоr,ltiig tnairlly оп, ilttssialr folk пlu- в целом
ioriu.io-u,,.o.
ll:ir:), [i]irliia,уrоtе jll his ;irrtoJli'ogrdptricil <Notesil. ,o,ng:, whiclr u.o oronq-tlre fiпсsГ ,",bio;;rrr"r.
которые являются одними из лучших

,_,j;ritta s piir;rtts did their beJt itl gi,'e lrim arl all-rourrtl ltusslan classlcal music.
i,;', l,л,,,^-",:l
"'
Glinka diecl on FеЬruаrу t5, lB57. fiis ,nusi.al llJritage
,

i;,_i ilil.ilrc,tr. -Lio silic'Iitlcl foreiglr languages, drarvirrg


arrrl violin allcl
наследие
поrч
bcJorlgs 1о aIi tlrc..people ot tbc со,rпtг\,. апd h^ ;.,
принадлежит
jll!/)
il; 1ll,;l5-iilg. I*i,nrin о,,о
Duгiпg lris schooldays Glinka сопtiпцеd lris musical studies J,ctýpecleu aS опе oi the great mаsl,сгs of Ilussiart
шusiс.
c[cvoting а gгеаt deal of tiпre to tlre лiоl{п and piairo. Irr the еаг- l

ly oiglйeen--tlventies hе wrote ]ris first rпusiсъl t1,olks pia- I|ytoscoul дr etl,s,

IlO pieccs, sorrg,s апсl arias. -


Iп 1831r l{ikhail Glirrka starlcd tvorkitrg оп his opcra <rIvan А
l:c:t,ired
liiisllattinD, atld olr.- November З7;'1 3])ij, t,lris*irnmortal Ъреrа rvas -.отста]]Ео-, "
} liiqcti ','А г, ...^-- - ,-* .,',-,,
,l "r:;;:uIаrУ: .

дs Glilr\a himself put drawing .- рисуfiок, рг{со]}пItис


it. hс lrл,i corrceived
задумал
his rтоrlr as а l),' ]

,itiцLiutlul hбrоiс-trаýfС - ОРеrа,). 1'ho greutness oI tlte conceptiott бессмертrll,rй, lIеувlt7цirtlлll,tй


lT::.l!l' - задумшлать,
concctYe
clf this rvork, in rvhich the fult flоr.чеrъf Glinka's genius revjtilecl' l
-
1,o\,ca] * обпаруlltпватIl
BLlpaH(aTb
it:;cl1, rr,as coirditione.d Ьу the composer's глубокий ссылки
deep liпkЪ ri,ith l1rrssian jittk
tra Liotiit], cr-tlLltгe, rvitii the lif е of t]rc Ilus,siall ptlo 1llc. - связь
aIfinity *- ролство, блrзостьr. схолствф
6, SWeeplng широкпйJ стре}lительшый, ýыстрый
- i

l
.*--l. Jъ_ф._, qr,в
-",.,,.1,4(-,l9ila,,r
l

]
J
I

living as а gочрrхmепt сlсгk and prolJnged регiоrl of рJчсгtу'


государственного служащего бедность
sincerity - чистосердечflостьJ искреЕЕость intimate fгiспd in Rimsky-Korsaltov.,r,.
IIе found ап основание
strikingly - поравительно
irrcidental -- соfiровоrкдающий; сопутствующий _) The idea of basing 4 music dгаmа on Pushl<in's triýёdу кВо-
undertake предприни}tать ris GodunoyD was suggёstcd
предложил
Ьу Рrоf.помолвлен
Nikolsky. Фrоm September
- {869 to June 1870 Mussorgsky was engdфd in tliis wоrk. Each
sсспегу - ланлша{l,г act as it rvas finished was tried in а small circle of шusiсаli
unfortunately неудачно;
-<<,Щ,воеrrrенецл к яOсчастыо
all the mаlе roles поirrочереди
friends,. tlre соmроsег singing turп, u,hile
<Bigamist>
appreciate
- ценшть, отдавать доля{Еое Аlехапdrа Роuгgоld (аftегwаrds М-mе Molas) сrеdtоd the ,

-насдедше, ЕаQледство
l
wошеп's раr[s. Dargomijsky, who hеаrd а роrtiоlt 9f it Ьс[ого
h.егitаgе
- Ilis death in 1В69,L(lесlагеd that Mussorgsky had enbii,ely suI,I}as-
Notes sed hiш in Iris own sрhеrе.V, . :
l, <Boris Godunovl wаs-rеjёсtеd Ьу the Diгection oI the Impdrial
J. to do onc's jэest - делать все возIIо}IIIIое, стараться ц Ореrа оп the ground that it gave little орротtuлiliеЬ"lо.tlrе so-_
2. did rrot Iive to complete _- оII не заItончпл прц }IIизIIи loisls. Тhе unisual fоrm of Йе орсrа, -in tЁ"
"_
lrc

Anstver tltc tluesl,ions:


dramatic, but unpopular episode паtiопiГififfi?fr?Гd
',YЦd:iflА:LЬЦцi'l|а'rГ:'L
the
dеmосгаtiс sentiment displaycd in making LIle people the рrо-
t{gonist in sечегаl scenes^clf ilre work, wеrЪ рrоЬiЬlу still stron-
1. Who ч,аs tlre fсlurrсlег of the Ilussian school of c,iassical music? gег rеаsопs fоr the att{tudc о[ disapproval alrta),-* shorvn hv t,lrг,
2, What dicl Glinlla ,lvassLrmmаrizе irr lris mrtsic?
<рЪtчеrs t_hat, Ье> tочrdдds <Воris Godunov>,
З. When ancl лr,hеге Glinka Ьоrп? ' Vеrу rinwi'llingly, ylelding опlу to the entrdaties of his friепсls,
_

4. Wlrom did Novospasskoye belong to?


the соmроsеr consdnted to шаkе -чоmе importattt clranges iп his
5. Wlrеrе clici tlre соmроSеr spend hi,s childliood?
ъ,огlr. The original plan of tlre ореrа consisted of the follclrving
r,;. йt*t rvas Glirrka fаЪсiпаtеil Ьу at а чеrу еагlу a_ge?__
scenes: the crowd arvaiting tlre eloction of Boris, and his соrопа-
i. lvli"t .1ia Gliniia rvrite in liis аutоlэiоgrарlriсаl KNotes>?
tion; Pimen in his cell; the scene in the Iпп, on the Lithuniarr
8. ltlhen cllcl Glinka rvritc ]ris first musical rvorks?
fгorrtier; Boris and his children; and the interview with Shouisky;
б. r,Vii." clii1 Glinkrl l,regin to wоrk on his"opera <Ivan Sussaninl? t}e sсепе iп the Dumа, апd.thв_dедth oI Boiis; tlre pdasanl, rе-
10. Шorv cticl lie coIrceit,e lris first ореrа? чЫt, ancl the elll,ry of .tlrc }t8#ft;Ц1,"'It wil] Ъо ,..n that tIIe
ii. йь^t rvas tlre gгeatness of tlris rvorkand coirditioned Ьу?
fcminille element was, crl,,ioufficteQ. Thc a_r]d(rional scenes,
ii, Wb.r, rvas his iecorid орега rvritten give:r?
c,omposed оп the advice of Slassqv and the disl,i-nguished Russiarr
ij. lvbut c]ict Glirrka rviite irr tire period bettveeti tlrese tlvo оре- atchitect, V. Нагtшацп, w(,rе pbrtiaIly ldesigned to гбсtifу thi."
гаs?
his jourrrey in the mid om{ssion. ffhey inclrfde tht, scelres in (he housc of the PolisIr
l7i. r,Vbu.. c1itl t]te соmроSсr uпсlсrtаkс qгаtldсе Пfnishek, tIte song of tlre lIost|ss о[ t,hе Ilrп; pol,tions
f огtiеs? of the fir.st scene of act I, the episodes of the Clriming Clock ancl
iы.-{чь"t rvorlc of this соmроsеr is corrsidered his most and best the Parakeet; also sош_е fine passages in the sccrre between Pi-
oiliEjrr.al оrсItеstrаl rvork? mеп and GregoTy (Sсепе ,I, Act Ii.) Ёоrtiопs of <BorisD wele
io.-rvrrub did Glinka арргесiаtе above all irr singing?
given at Koiaratiev's bdnefit, at ibe] Maryinski Тhеаtrе, irr
17. When did Glinlra die? r ГсЬгrrагу, 1В73, buL lIlc ргоduсLiоп of lhe орсrа in its cnl iieLi,
rt'as dclбved until J апuагу !3, 1B7lt. \'' '"
l{USSoItG SIty l }Iis other grеаt rvork KKlrovarrtschinqll, ' also ,,,\i,\s{t
based olr the ре-
-\1tlssoгgs]<r, ц,us Ьогtl irt I(al,cvo, Pscov, оп Маrсlt zfl ts&{' riod of <Petei the Grеаt> rvas finished Ьу R]Бffiy-Korsakбr,.
оthеr unfinished wоrks ъ,еrе based on Qogol's <N{аrriаgе Broke1,1>
любитель
arrd dlrtеrй tbc
поступил
аrmу,аt ап caгly agc. l[e was а t,illcnl,ed umаtеur
and оп Flaubert's <SaIambo,1 , П'lussorgsky dicd in thБ пrilitагу
привели
;i;;";;;cquiinra,rce
знакомство
witl, Ьаlъkiгеч , andоставил i)argoпrijsky led
lrirn Lo the serious stucl,y of mtrsic. In 1В57 he le{t tJre,army arrd Irospital in St. Реtеrsllurg oIr Marclr 28, 1В81.
Jevoted himself to music, tlrough this stcp eIrtбriled eaгIiirlg,his
думал, что этот шаг повлечет за собой заработок в качестве
.''i' ::totttal,ch, tlt9 llussiatt Opera Britattica.
посвятил

(;
, 7. :What did .Dargomijsky declarg -when ]re heard а portion of
YосаЬulагу:
this ореrа?
entai]. -- lJLTзI,IBaTIr, I}ЛеЧь за собой
8. Why rras <Boris Gotlunovл rejected Ьу the Direction of the
саIп зарабатшlза,ль
Imperial Ореrа?
- а Why did the composer consent to make arry imрогtаrrt clranges
ргоItlrrgt,rl ---- jI,Jl l1,гtljIlltlb]й
Iltalr, -- .\t1l71,",,,,"
in his wогk?
10. When wеrе the portions of KBoris> iirst given?
Sllrl)il,,iS -,, r'Iревосхолшть, превLIшать
11. When ,tvas the first регfоrmапсе of this ореrа?
l,ej(l(,,l, о,гt]сргать, о,l,клонять
- 12. Who finished the other great work of Mussorgsky KKlrovant-
trcir[,lrrt,rlL обработrtа, обращение
-показывать, проявлять,_. выоказывать schina>?
-
dis1lllrv
- 13. When did tlre соmроsег die?
1l1,oi,lrgilrri.st - г.цавньrй герой, поборIII,Iк
ili.sir1l1lгtlvaI,- lrеодобрение, осунtденпе
),jclll ,- устудпru, полдаваться RIMSKy_KoRS.\KoY
irItt,l,tl;rt,}, ltо.пьба, пl]осьба
- сог.-ташаться,.
t:tltlstlIlL
- устУПать l1imsky-Korsakov lvas }эоrп ilr Tilrlrvin оп N[arclt 18, {844.
,,,.lJ ltc.]l b}l
IIе spent six yoars (1В56-1В62) in the Naval Coliege iп St. Ре-
ilttt -* Itорч}Iа) 'постOrIJIый двор, гостulrl,Iца tersburg. As а cadet lre }rad been olre of the musical ашаtеurs rvho
tltll,irltt,sl1, _ удпвителыIо, тщате.lIьшо rvith lJсlrоdiп, Cui and Mussorgsliy gаthегеd rоuпd Balakirev in
гrlt, l,iI't,
- шсtrрав"тiять St, РеtеrsЬurg.
()Itl iSsit),1| },п}'щенtl0
-звонпть, NочеmЬег 2(i, tB(it is tlrc шоst mепrоriiЬlе day irr Ilimsky-
t,lritttr, бп,гь lз Itoлol(oJl l(oгsirk<_rv's lifc, everl irr the his1,or1,o[ 11ussiarl N{usic. <Last
-
rlt,lirv - отItдалывать Srrttday>, Ire r,чrоtе to lris раrепts, KCamille introdtrced mе to
rYгt,lt1,1t
- Uснок П,I. А. I3alaltirev, а lvell-known musiciarr alrd соmроsеr, апd
lttlltttrgo yBailieшиe, пotlTeнlle al"so,to Cui, rvlro has rvritten the орега KThc Prisorror of t}r,e Cau-
- rrерехватшв,ать
i rr l,rll,ccpt
-11одавдять (,аsus)), ancl a.month оr two lаtег:,dуеstегdау I rvas at Ваlаkiгеч's
sllJ)1,0ýS
- ils usuаI; I 'spenI tlre tilne thеге so pleasalr{ ly tlrat I simp-
liгt,l;tlг
- \,Iаклер ly dort't kцоw hоrч to thank Camille fcrг,suclr а magnificent ас-
quaintance>. FIe had at orrce succtrmbe{ to t]te magnetism of
Notes: ]JаIаkiгеч's personality. At the чеrу fi4st meetirrg Ваlаkirеч
rvas sholvn KThe WаLеrу> piano pieces atld а soI,{. о[ beginning
[о t,itt:tl olle'S living - зарабатшвать себе на }Iiизнь of а s+шфоп1,, iп Ii flat mirlог.|Не apllrolcd оГ ottc о[ |,lrc pieces,
Lo lltl ctrgagett irr tйis lчоrk - заЕи},Iаться этоЙ работоЙ а Schcrzo in С miпог, апd iпЪislеd thal tlrq lad slrorrld go oll
((l)0w(]гS tlrat Ье> (сильЕые N[пра сегоD
jlr i[s iпtiге|у -I1оJIЕостыо lvith tlre sуmрhопу. l The twenLy-trvo уеаг old Мussоrgskу
- was thet,e too. lalso struggling to u,ritе lа symphorry rvith чеrу
iitLle l(,ii1,1, ()t[iLillmerrt,.!llirr сЙlr ltc rvas._rцrLL;{lsiц1e_d iп Rimj-
Аlrsrчеr tlre cltreslicrrls: kу-ltогsаkоч'.r'*у.,, bytthe giаrпtltrг ofl lravilrg had а couple
ot cornpo-чitiolrs регfоrmеd irt pцblic.; Tlre sevelrteell уеаr
t, \\/Irtltt alrcl lуlrеге was A,{ussorgsky llогlri' otd cadel, {cit LhaL lrc had Iallcll ашопg l,eal musiciatts
i. tvtrot led },Iussorgslry to the serious studlz of пrusic?
at lasl,. i]e ýrаs fascinated Ьу their 5fiф-tаIi) and Ьу
з. r,rri' ouggested tьБ idЪа о{ basillg а music drаmа оп Pushkilr's
Stassov's lvide сultuге, and he paid tlre grсаiёsl; r'ёýiiбсt |o their
ir^g.,ly кfrБr,is Godurtov>? likes and disli]res. They liked Glinka anpl Sclrumanrr aborie all,,
4,. ivtlcn rvas l{ussorgslry engaged in tlris wогk?
admired <The Д,lidsummer Night's Drеаm> очеftuге. So did he.
Гl . Wllсгtэ was each n,,t tгiе,l as it rvas finislred? 'Actuatly it rvas ]]аlаlrirеч rvho first opelrBd his eyes to шuс}t iп
О, rVii" sarig а11 th.e rrrale roles?
8
'rvorld of culture outsicle]musi. tn'hisioTyr,literaturб and glimoui"- обаяtляо, оqароваЕие
the - id*i.a - восхищаться" люб_оваться
".'!ii'hlt<у_коrsаkоч was, !I9цолчэLеЁ_ 1,т Balakirev,s очеrроwеr - подавлять, побоiкдать
fancy jфантазия, воображение .,
n.rronuiiй ]Ъulrиir.ч iп turп tйЕ-iйсltrЪпgеst_
fancy
" .to his
,Rimsky_
- горячий пы;rкt,rй; ярклrлi
glotving
i;;,;"i;;;;Ёitj" ,,uеаЪа alpupib of sоmе sоrt. дпd опKI put шу expectation - оа{I{дан}Iе
ii"..^j."r:i;;^ir;iii lris mЪsf glowing expectations,
aIr old aunt in а уоuпg tгusl - вера
tгust in youll, he *,rotJ u riitr"'r"tur,"nu. suрегчisiоп - uаблrодеII],Iе; Iладзор
lяtvt,еr nelэherv>, Ire at bnce set him to work at tlre аIrеаdу
Ье-
{uпеrаl
;lllr;il;,i;;;:;ъu ]iui йiоо" and t]re first mочеmепt was fi_ - пoxopoHLI
- предназIIачать,
destine ПРед1ОПРе/{еЛЯТIl
rrishec] rvithirr -Ъriilr, J,r.i"g tlre Christmas lrolidays, Wit]r быть в [,оре
it. In the ,wrо-
first to Ье afloat - свI4детеле}I, очевпдцеI{
Ё;i;;.;;];ьhр Iiоr.пkоч begini.еч's closo supervision,,he
to. oTclrestrate
rvitness
- быть
i..ч й"tЬ ot rB{3Z, "rr,le. Войt
i""rь."..iiБ.r., 1,,,iti,ou;; ;i"i ;rld_ filralc, соьроsiпg the chicl Notes:
аftсr his fa-
tlreme о[ the tott..^l,' tЙ ou*i bo"t t_o Peterslэurg
first кrчаtегул 1liallo 1lieces фортепиатItrылi 11;16r","","
iй" _. Сугубо- профессl,rоlIалыrыii !ч,;r vl,,,1l
symplrtlrrv, <the sушрh_опу 'tafk>
;;;;ъ й,",.^i i,, \iаr"сh.-Ё-"ь
evcl lvritteu lly а li"*i"",- u, C"i pbintrэa out, waý destined to <s}iou
Niglrt's Drеаm> -,KCorr IJ лет}IIоIо IIочьD
;,,i;rr;;;i";. о,, др.ii в+ь (20_tй), as {s62 tlre iirst oI Rus_ ойi,i.u--.r
а gаrdеmаri.lt,_ _uld *о, tБ^р"Т trrst irr imЬ.- доверлть Ко,лrУ-ллrбо
.yb'l,boltists I.f;ihЪ Nачаl'Соllфс in turп - ]} cl]olo ollepe/lb
=l-^
;',;;;i,li;i.";-il,; "i,i,;;!, :,дй.9i, J"lc spcrrt thrее уеаrs afloat.
г)rrl.ino, 1,1ris сгtttsе lre hacl rr,гittеп а sушрhопу
(in Е, miпоr), Сhristшаs Eve -- ltапун I)о?тiлества, соче,rIь]lI,Iк
-- - lrоm Lhe nav.y, 1tavtng_bccn ар- Artsrver thc questiotls:
i;r',lвiз t," dcfirlitcly геLirсd When and lvlrere was Rimsk}'-Koгsakov borlr?
,,,ol"t-a"r" рrЬr."r". iir'SL.' РеtеrsЬurg Сопsоrчаtоirе,, The, sаmе
i,,,.rr ri,iLncssecl his mагriаgе to а talented, pialrisl,
Nadezhda ii;r;";;;; };;;r" cllJ he sperrcl irr tlre Naval College ilr St.
fiгst РеtегsЬurg?
Ь;il";ii':',,"Г',ь."р,.";;;;iъ; of his орёiа <psl<ovitianka>q
ыir;;ъ;iй rvas tlre most mепrогаЫе in Rirn-*ky-Koгsakot"s
1'i,;;";; foIlorvocl Ъу KNIay Niglrt>, (1В78),. .,,
кСhristшаs Evc> l ite?
Kl'he Srtort, Пi,,iЙi,> liBЁOi, iПlluаоо (t8Э2), WйЬ i"i.oducecl Riшsliу-Когsаiiоr, to_I]ala]<irev?
(18с4), Kr\Iozart,nat'Sur\.rio'(1влв;,. K'l'lie Тzir's Bridc> tlreso
(1в99),
Fоr al] \Yй ;;;"RimsKy 1{o.rokou s}torv to Balal<ircl, at tlre l,егу
ilil"-t^i; ut LI,c I;.i.iЬй i;iy ot'i(jtozlDl he c]rose Russiatr па-
(1905).
f irst шееtiпg?
,;;i1; Бъйrrilо"-"r *п,rbzart and Salieгill, \{|19 rvas аlsБ struggiilrg to rvl'ite а. syIn 1llrorrr'?.mllclI
] lп
iollal Who Iil,st opcned Rirnsl<y-Kol,sa]<ov's oyeS [0
!
sr.rlljccis.
t
Tlris -sympilottic coпtpositions,.. -clrorvecl а rпаstеrу of
а Iiire utiIizaLion о{ Rцssiart the rvoгld?
in Е flat
orctrestral etr"ct сойЬirй--i"iiЬ his 8. Who helped Когsаkоч to orchestrato symphony
аг_е lris fiгst symphorly,
folk melody. Д-оое-ili.rп *.,o.k"orulrestral suits including tlre miпог?
secolrd <Altar>, bl, iiri.i^l"a ъЙ 9. When ,,t,as tlte lir,st mочеmецt of Lliis symplrony
fillished?
rt ell-knorvrr <Slrelreresade>
and 91,g1,1цlg5, 'Не also wrоtе а
10. Who rvas t]ie {irst lhssian
--rry symplronist?
pieces etc,; arrd lle
Пi-Ъl),-l(ОгsаkЬЧ do yotl
trumЬег о{ bcatrtif"J'i""g,, рiаtrо-{огtе iti 11. What cc_lпlpositions
l<norvi)
,,l,i,,,,i'o' ,,, t lrc ieadilrg сulttl uс[оr
cvcIrttLllly to,,li ltaj 1,'[n...
bi.'r'.i.rJb.",rg rvlro,re lre died'otr Jttiie 20, 1908, АLВХЛNDВR tsORODIN
оплNоl,еmЬег 12,
YосаЬulаrгу: д.lехап,,lеr I]оrоdiп was Ьогtr in St. Petersburg
cortcerts
1ша.--1т; rссеiчсti his fiгst musical impressiolr,q .Iгоm lvith l,he
sttct,,uTrrb * ytlтyllaTb, tlc выдер)}(t,lrrаl,ь
niй rr,, ,,,illiлrl,-Ь-"аs.
-oi^;:;r;,'._t^_ird I{e u.e,l to mаЙе aqrrairllartco
lad Io]1oIlIa, паре}lъ thБ instT:umelrts arrc] tTy to find out how these
Lr
-
irtlsfigLrre -- зrpeoбpairrtrTr,, преобр aaoltыIJaT,b
1it

l0,
\yеrе played; At the age о{ nine he сошроsеd а pollia. This little
piece preservecl iп шапusсriрtr. is far more ,striking fоr its oTi- picturesqrre * нtивоптлсньтй
ginality than for its chiidishness,, сегtаiп features in it hring disposition характер? склонЕость
cilin]ia's musiс to the mind and оthегs foreshadow the mаturе proficient, - опытньтй, умелый, искуснr,rй
to turn out - шрошзводI[ть, совдавать
l,tl lэriпg llp - вослитывать
lJorotl ilr.
;\ttеr Lhis а music teacher was f ound for hinr - а mеmliеr of -
]эarrtl. LIe tauglrt the Ьоу to рlау the flute. А little
а rnilitar;,
].аtеr }re arid опе oi his pIaymates took piano lessons rvith а oertain Notesl
]'огmаrr and eagerly started discovering Haydn,_ ,]]eethoven and
I\{end,elson, rvhose lvorks they played in аrrапgешепts {оr piarro is fаr шоrе strikirrg fоr its oгiginality * гOравдо более поражает
duel,, 'Гlrеу started learning цiithout help to play Schliglef the свосй оригпнальЕостьIо
violiri arrci Borodin the <cello in огdеr to play сhаmЬеr music Ьriпg Glinka's music to the mirrd музыку Глинки
ANSWER ТНЕ QUtrSTIONS: -
ЕапOмиLIает
(Iаtеr I3orodin took lessons with а cellist rramed Schleilro). They
attencled оrсhеstrаl concerts at Pavlovsk, КаrI Sclrubert's con- 1. When did Borodin receive his first musical impressions?
сеrts а[ the PeteTslэurg University and so greatly increased their 2. When did he сошроsе his first work (polka)?
niLrsical knowledge.[tf 1В47 Br-rrodin, withouL lraving Ьееп tauglit З. What makes this little piece so striking?
r",t,cn the *udirnents oi com,position, turned out а сопееrtо fоr 4. Who vras his first music teacher?
flute апсl рiапо, anci а trio f'оr trvo violins and cello on а theme 5. With whom did Borodin take his first piano lessons?
{rоm П,IеуеrЬOеr's KRobeTt le Dia]эle> (neither of t,lrese has been 6. Wrat works did Borodin play in arrangements fоr piano duet?
рrеsеl ved). 7. What stimulated his interest in music frоm 1В62?
Later Воrосtiп was brought up to tlre medical profession and В. When was his first symphony written?
iп {В62 was еyеII appointed assistarrt professor of , chemistry at 9. Who finished Borodin's first ореrа after his death?
Llre St. РеtеrsЬurg Academy of Medicine, Не wrote several wоr]<s 10. What compositions wеrе written Ьу Borodin?
clrr clremistry, ап.с1 took а leading part iп advocating women's
edutlaOion. Brrt, lris interest in music was growing and was stiш.tt-
latecl fгоm 1862 onwards Ьу his frierrdship with IJalalrirev апсl LAZUNov
frоm 18ij3 Ьу his rvife whо was ап accomplished pianist. His
1irsb symphoir1, ,uu, .wTittetr in 1В62-1В67; his, opera <Prince Glazunov was ЬоIп on August {0, {865, in St. Pet,ersbu,rg,
Igor> lэegun in 1869 was ]eft rrrlfi,rrished at lris d,eath, ]эut was FIe began st,uciying the piano in his ninth уеаr, апсl was only
сЪmрlеtесl lэy Rimslry-Korsakov and Glazurrov (1ВВ9) arrd Lhirtееп when lre started composl'ng. Bqlakirev, impTessed Ьу
;rttairred wide popularity iп Russia. In the rvay of orihestral his talent, urged him to strrdy witlr Rilnsky-Korsakov, uпdет
rriusic his symphony sketch KIn the Stepps of central Asia>. is whose vigilant еуе young Glazrrnov composed his fiTst symplrony,
characleristically picturesque апd not less rrotelvortlry" is his in Е mаjоr, ор. 5 (t881). IntToduced Ьу Balakirev at а Frее School
sрlецсlеd secotrc1 symphony (orches_tratecl af ter his death ]rу corrcerb in St. РеtеrsЬurg оп Маrсh 29, 1ВВ2, t}ris symphony was
G,lazunov, а couple of аdmirаЬIе quaTtets and sоше deliglitful outstandingly successful; Cui сlеsсгiЬесl it as an <amazirrg work
S0]]gS, but his tоtЫ output was vcry large, though su,ffi,cierrt ечеп frighterring in its precocious mаturitу>. The symphony was по
so tЪ secure him а рlасе аmопg the mоst gifted arrd disl&itrguished flash in tlre perr, as young Glazunov proceedecl to pTove Ьу wri-
.[1ussian masters of-his period. I-ie died in St. Petersburg оп }'еЬ- ting tlre excellent String Quartet in F mаjоr, ор. t0 (1884), the
rtln,r,y 2В, lBB7. brilliant Очетturе on Grееk Tlremes No2, ор. 6 (1В85) and the
|,one роеm Stenka Razin. Tlrouglr hе was only twenty, he was al-
Vоса brrlar у: rеаdу consiclered Ьу sоmе to Ье опе of Russia's foTemost, соm-
.loreshaclolv * Iiред\вещаl,ь роSеrS.
mattlro
- з1_1слый But his Teputation was n,ot coltfined to the boundaries of his
i,LtdiinenL _ oc]l,c)BiI First Sушрhопу was successfrrlly реrfог-
owrr cotrntry. In 1ВВ4 lris
mecl Ьу Frапz Liszt in Weimar. Sterrka Razin sсrэrеtl decisively at
,J
i]
13
ItAKIIMANINOV
So lamous lrad Glazunov
]

t]ro Paris UttiчсгsаI ExirilliLiorr_oi _t3B9,


йrrsiс t]rat irt 189з, he even Sergei Ralrlrmaninor,ls mttsic Teflecl,s Russian сulturе iп tlrtl
'
"Б"gi""lng
ьесопrе t,lrl:orrgirortL"il,;";;;l'al"of-il" o"u,l write а Triamplrant, of the bwentietlr centtrTies,
fi;;,;;е,
receil,ecl а colnrrrissio"
1,o end of th.e ninetee"iii"^ra
bi'the inteiligen,tsitr as alr "
Ti.i."*"ri. ;;; ;;i.;";ba Ilussiarr
iii;111 -o ation at tlre схргеssiоп oI its lropes and gspirations_
1ж, Т:lж: fi;lill};"p,of ",оо. of i nstrurnent
long
.
arld evelttIul Like Llre ,t,o.t ,tБiiе, oi CйKr,"v, Krrprin, лlltl, Brrnirl wllicll
begirrni,,b
St. I)еtетsЬuгg Conidгvatoil.c, tъ,?"huейе tlro eil[iгc gener:ation *..u'p-i.ris agai,,st" RЪriап socioI сопrliiiопs aL tho tuгrt tl,[ l,,Lto
саrL,сг as а teac,lre,,, ili;h"r;;. irесtоr of Lhe Соrrsет- feeiings atril emo[,ions
о[ Russialr .orpo."r.."i,,'rg0g
]tc lэесаmе cl ;;;trriy; Raklriraninov's music eipressed паfrоw_
1r,oitJirrg tl,,
g,uui disbincLion until t92B, ;i';;;й; RuSsian mеп and wоmеп ivlro lived in.a petl,,v,
чаtоiге, .llc "tТtБ",чiЙ lre vjsited spontaneotr[y
mindecl environmeni,. ?ii. Tn trsic is сlrатасtеrizесlЪ1, сhаrrп nusic
trапstсгrl.а i ir"й"_ь to ъuткJ?Jссаslопаllу
diecl in paris оп
1lr t928 Glbzrrnov ffi-;;;айпr .*.ii.йЪ"t which captivate and
otheT countTies to
l[агс[r 2t, 1936,
"iij".r'Iir,;;i.й. Listeneгs. ]ifo
sinceTil,y oI emotions о[ Lragedy.ot J9y9 arld
."""l,r'iloi.ism,
Lional lra-
Rakhmaninou'. nru.i"' iЁ *iiolt, * l о l'cltaikovsl.y's,
Na с
BoToclin, Mu,ssoTg-
YocabuIary: ;;;^й;;i"п of }ris й"rlО reveals irrfluenoes cif
studied at tlre р_е_
.k;"ffi"-RЫ;ky_f;r;;ko.,n. Rut b*aninovotre,
Ttac,ta!JHaTb tbrrb.,rg Conservaloire and at tlre Moscow
Rаk}rmапiпоч'.'^*йЙi' tulerrt, wa, ехtrаогсliпату.
rlTgc
- убс;клuть, дftеr
vigi iапЬ - бдтtтеlrьtIьur .ойъ.iiiо" fоr fiTst time lre was able to
amazing _. п,,уо,"""ыlьй, у;дшвш,r:ельrrшiл hn";iй-;-;o*pi"" 1}re

friglrl,ening * IIугаюп\'" _ ____,_*


play аt Lhe piano.
- In i,i1891 thе
Rukl,marrinov grad-traled rvilll 1sold medal.fTom
рrБсосiоus - пре}кдевремеlIньlIд sc,llool о[ Tliano. and in 189] {rоm lhc scltot-ll ol composrlrorl,
mal,rrrit,y вреJIос,ть '""БurjпЁ'Тi,.' t"iй*iй y.ul!, Raklrmanillov concertizecl, сon-
ii -а реп -_ осечItil)
а flaslr
I,Iе)rлаl{а
lre 1eft fоr а collcert, tcluT of tlre
.
d-uctecl ancl соmроr;."й'Шlт' -1"
confine * оIраЕI]tаIиваl]ь rglB lre_came to the Uniteti States
Ьошпdаrу ._ IраIIица Scandirraviзn .oorrtii*r.
an.l Tesidea] hоrе until lris cleath оп IVI_arch 28,
19113,
oommissiotr - зд, заказ -"Ъ;i.fu;;,ri,, ti ons i rrclud е *pi att о sortalo,, _ !]i l],ло,,
-_ заIIиNIать пост о u's'
io hold t}re office "b,lrp",i Ьу t'аgаutпу,д*,р*!*),
-vocal orr а Тhеmо sуmрhоп]еS, а Sympll()IllU
cottcerl,os, а Rlrapsody
,,Telucles. ctudes, cornposiLlons,
colnpositions.
Апsrчеr the questions: I"Ъй"-irr."ь^k; of Deatlr>,'opcтas, апd сIlаmЬсr
fllh ;il;";T; Ъ;;й;i;-;;'уi; ls inrliviclu
11. I] е avo i ds complex
Ь.отп? rlissonances. The ь;;;Ъui"rЁ, ot Rakhmarrinov's style ате clisc]o-
t. Wirerr alltl where rvas Glazul,tov
2. iiii;; iiJ rrn bngin to study musiс? sec.[inhispiano"o-p*itio"s.Many.ofRakhmaninov'scom.posi.Li-
;;;;;;; .toi]
tl,cir ро*е. to aTouse pictoгial.reprcsertta-
о, ivir;; ;;; ]ris f ГrsЬ
s5,mрlrолу?__.l г:..,,l) with дsаfiсч,
tion and ;IпаgеriЁs'*оt lчоt,ir.. Iп сопчеrsа Lion
l
i[ ",,istanrltлg
4. rVji..rl atrc[ wILсгс was реrIоrmе(t l[rSLl KHow well lre hеаrs
irr Weimar й"riй C"rr.y ?.*л.,uа "b""t Rakhmaninov:
5. р;;,й;;d lris first symplrony
W}ro success{rrlly L

;iЙ;;;r. Б;ilёч .o--unts оп Gоrkу's remaTk: кА musician oI а


frоm acloss Llro аоЬ" not KheaTl the forost, fielcl,
*rrlluT"*mission did GIаzшпоч Teceive mrrsic critic is *p""rrTrab.a-;f йо
6.
;n rв9з: sea ancl ечеп bhe sl,ars>.
7. fi;;'jfi i.ЪЪ.gi" his сатееr
".ЁJ,, as а l,eaclrer?
аi,Б,i"т of the РеtеrsЬurg Сопsеr-
А Eistory о! Russiatl, Souiet Mttsic,
в. When cticl he b".o-i ьъ,
чаl,оiге?
9. did lre holcl tltis position?
I-Iow long
t0. Wlren and whеrе ciicl Glazunov die? 15

14
l.'- L\

Yoeallulary: His inspiied songs; abias and qontatas аrе,Iuli of deep feeling,
At the Ёlаss of tй chambei ensбtnb]e'one сбпstапtlу heaTs Tcha"i-
::oflect oTi)a?KaTb kovslry's quaitets, iris sixtet KRecol]ectiolts of Flоrепсе> and, of
;lYet'ilge
- соufsе, lris dct,1llr,sprгowIrrl Lrio <Irr ПIеmrlгу о[ а Gгеаt Дrtist>
- clrc;trrrrii
c.tci Lcшrelrt во j]ЕIеIIис, возбуiнление rvгittcrr oll lItc o'Ct}riýion ol' Nikolai RrrbillsLeill's dea1.1r. ГclraiItov-
captivate
- пле}Iяттj, очilровшI}дть, slry's one }ruпtirеd and eleven рiапоfоrtо pieces аrе an inexaust,itl-
-oбtttillr-, увJIекать
t,cvea1 le treasury for tlre slrrctents iп t,he рiапоfоrtе faculty. The
- rliI]ITb,' пpo?I{}l]]ilTll sсоrеs of }ris ореrаs, symphonies and сопсеrt,оs studied hу the
:

l,esicie
- fltluTe сопсiltсtогs acqtraint t,hem lvit}r the lreiglrts of mrrsical
itго1l,че
- fi 1,;цtrть, rIробуiк,ilаТl,
iriot,ol,ia.[ *- ;liTtBottltcl.tr,ti,i. ху/lолiсстветтпr,Iil c,trltlrre.
Tclrail<ovsky is lieard еr,еrуwlrеге irr t,lre Soviet Urriorr. tlis
Notes: opeтas апd baliets аге warmly госеiчсd in mап,у towlts апd cities
i
ot thc Soviet UnioIl. His symphdnic artt_l сhаmЬЪr,mrrsiсvis рсгfоr-
{. at the LLrl,n of Llre centrrгy TIa пороl,е сто"iIет],Iя med at concеrts all очеr Llte соuпtrу, Tlre реорlе of the sсоrеs of
2. а t]etl,1r nal,гow lninded - envilonment - в 0реде людеii nationalities of the Soviet Union rеgаrd ]rim as tlrеiг owrt, irs
0 о pItIlIIIl{eIJ ilо,чз Kr,Til{ 14 IlтеJIдекто}{ someol]e пеаг trnd tlоаr. Recordings of lris mr.rsic mау Ье fourld'in
the remotest villages, аЬоаrd fislring vessels and in the depths о{
Arrswer tlre questiorrs:
tlre taiga. Itrveryorre fiлds sometlrirrg of irrdividual valu,e in
Tclraikovsky's mlrsic.
<Dalila Дkчis l[ееtiп,gs toith Tclt,oibousky,> ,
\\Iirat dor:s Ralihrrrtiriinov's mu,sjc геflесL? Лor;ostl Press t|geпctt РuЬlishiпg Ittluse,
\\'Irll, i. lris lll rrsic chaTait el,izecl Ьу?
\Vhat is Raklrrnartiлov's шusiс Similar to Tclrai]<ol,sky's in? !осаЬulаrу:
Wlrose inГluerrces does.his mltsic Teveal?
Wlrcre clid Rakhmaninov sttrdy? illustrious * ЭlIамеIIитьiЙ, прославлеrrrrьтЙ
Wlrerl clid ile gгасlltаt,е frоm tlre coпseTvatoirej' cotlqller вавоевывать
\VlraI do his conrpositions inclrrcle? ioothill - лреi{горье
Whal, did Gог'l<ч rеmаr,]< aborrt Ra]<]tmatlittoy? la,rv -
* IIpaBoJ IорвспрудеfiцLIя, fipairO
Tecollectiolt ; воспоминание, IIаN{ять
i nexlrarrs ti ble
trеаsuгу
- неисче р па еiлrылi, ]I еr,Iстоlци м ыr_i
кла/{
t'fiН:" l r,. IifrfrllНf:::::':,:;",,,,.'- bЗ$3,1!l# time an l -
геmоtс * лалыrIrЙ, отдалеitrtылi
Б$hs'\iY8Tff,tiltb? js tlraL of руоt,г lI,yit.lr ,fchai]<clvsl<y. IJorrr irl *
vesse] судIIо, кораб;lь
Ilussia in 18110 at Votkinslr оп Llre iooiiiriis ot LIte Urals he aL value - цеIIIIость.) ва}IiIIосlгЬ
{irst studiecl larv, brrb la[eт gave it rrp fог music. FIis mапу col.npo-
,i.t]:]r-. sj,йрhопiеs, romances and instrunrёrrtal Notesl
d'..iЦ1i%(ореrаs,
""iii;,,о-,,.iJ"оъ8r..fff*it;"tьti*фffi ,ffi f я.",$"*:#i,tr t. It spells life for l,lre youtliful mtrsicians
- лробуlrrдать )KrIзIlb
в ilIолодых }Iуаыкантах

Аdswег the questiolls:

*:* t, Wlretr anrl tvlrete was Tchaikovky bofn?


, W]rat did Tchaikovsky sLudу at first?
their studie,, .uf the Сопsегчаtоirе" frоm tlre first to tlre last day. о, What is lris natile closely connected withP
irt r пеiаЬд,о.ло
|1
16.,
ciesiTe to fight fоr 1rap-
on ScTiabin ёхрrеSSеs liis overwhelming
inflrrence and
,whom cloes hс continue
Whom dic1 Tchaikovslry Pi"ЗTrt,,bin otrly 1rз and
/!. rlietl orr Дрril 23-rd, 1915 rvlten lte rvas
conslantly lreaT at tlre class
of Llre clramber at tlre heigltt of his сгеаtiче саrееr,
;). lii}i'tXX"j"e .1.1re
tгtrе ess0llce nrrtsic ltas t:.tlmе to 1ight in a]l
спsеmlllе? "i"Ё.ri;biiils
ot lris Sym phclnies апil сопсОrtОs lts fliiй,es, itl оrtг time апd iп оttг соrtпLry, composiLiolrs,.a coliectiort
tj. \vТй| Jra ttrc sc,ores .opej]as, Trvo full collecriins'ot t,l. рiало rчо,й' оп mutcicologv lrave
the st,гrcierrls rvit}i?
о[ соmроsеr,'. trtt"r's u,lcl"ma"Y'of
hi_s
'l. fif,;fi
^."""lrt f"iЛt,ou,t,y's mr-rsic }tсiаrс[?
..:,""ive corrrpet,it,iorrs of уоuпg ьееп pr.rlэlislrcc[ irr ";r;,r; "",,iii.i.,
Iп 1922 ill Ntoscolv IiaI rчllоге
8. WlraL is tllle oLъ" hе snortI jris las[ уоо,,a п,iЦ riierl, а пеmотiаi
mltsellm rvas operled,
"i""tip"i,,i^,
Ia'lerrts irr t,ll,, rvог1,11' ;iiJi;'i;.;;i;;; й; visitotl Teptltatib,i
Ьу ntnrr'. pcople,
ЬЁgо" iп ilre composeT's
Scriabin's i"t..,oiiБiial in"various соuпLгiеs аrе
ог RUSSIAN mlUSIc p,lbri,hecl
lifetime. Гtis соmffsйопЪ they аге incluclecl аmопg the obli-
SCRI.\BIN-.\ GIlNIUS
piayed Ьу mапу pi;;i;;; ;,j-
otrlst,arrclirrg in the ll:],1]:l1,arid - gator:y pieoes ;,, ti'T fйgrоm-"'
oi irrtеглqtiопаl corTlpctitioцs,
Scriabin is one ot tlie mosb gonc i"t,o ,opt'""S о\,0|,, lri,s ;rt,t
,
ccttIrt t,r nltt:,ic, i'"opi.:'i;;,; L Li| N о, ,t 2
it, buL"ii"i,o, stoot[ llrc test cll
!)7
}IагtуПо-л,, <<L| tt,lttt,re attrl ч,>, 1 ,

irati passionuL, u,g"й"Ё'"й,l.


;;;:,,::l iп 1872 lчl еге hе
]i,,='d:l,]'J]l llj. uq1} iт_чl:=,о,ч VrlcitltrrIaгy:
tn ,э;;i; cl,ii,l1,ood irt, "-lrоцсJ
stleliL tIre g.caLcr p"L'l "i i,i,liГ", А[ tlre }loscow
c.xetэLional Tnusical ibirUi з"U'}"r.".lоl,Йrrsiс,tlre attention oI lris рго- lарturе - вост0I)г
C.riservatoi,,u
j l" i,#Йi,iofy atLracted
е,фrоrrе граts}Il)овать, резать
- Ntра}Iорныи
**'',fr Jili
i",,,,,#fir :;ъ ж., # чtl,'3j
i,: ;; ;;,^, i. r f " i H"J;ul] iЁ mаrЬIе
]

u*' п laErtc
- зл. пл астина, пJI tl,1,a
'dil ;;;j i": Ц :il',l т l:H',,1ilrт,LlrcЛ fоусг :i
-
::,Т.i;х i; ii i u Jf "iH of b-KciLrsivcly - tlск",Ilочител bIlo
\\ras е]lягачс,l in gor,i
i;i,;;,";;, tt" -o,bTo'1,iogu" Tebelliorrs -, лtяте;кrrылi
Llrc illity jtaII. . l_:_,л iлолirчrl .iлпо playing
tllaving сх cxciLed ueLгc[ - бурсвестtlItк
_,At tlre СопsегчаLоiге
Scгiabin',s inspirccl piano bolct - с.rtеLtый, дерзкlrЁl
",ti b^i-ii-u S",iubio iч,оtu,^u*,Iusiчеlу [ог
о,рltеrа l аrlmiга [ion, otro leeis tlre tlivine .- боritественlrый
?i,c оiдl,о artrI ilt l,i,';;,,i"a;,,',o,u,иoJ "na "u,t" L[оrчечеr lre l,esponse - ответ, отклцкr
peaKIц,LI
g li, огромЕlп
irliIriclrce oI Clropii,i';1,;;"'l,;--gr"nt"iy*'o,]miгe.,', IIепреодо,тrrrtы I,I
whelrni
*паъtуr.. ilr composiLions, romanti-
sttclL aS ъчJr п
-
soorl iоuпd l,i, otur,",ii.;.;;;;,
llie ,гц,еlth Etlrcte, ;;!"oй
й-it, ,i*y to tЙu "b"llio"' bxqr,ihte - liревосходtrыtl, утоllче}iltыи
una iT,;-tl,;;J sonati1,,а bold
tlisnt ot согliу's -##й;: _Ё,;"iо no"tLy-iпli:;жl$ Hjl;г;l:j аssЪгtiоrr - утвср?I(леlrие, заявjIенIIе
,,"i.o i. ]rеаrсt, rL i""l"Ъ"r'rr,l, piatto ,зтлпж;;йu.i. esselrce - сущIrость, сущес,гRо_
ir,",bi*, thaL makes lris iоr Llre piano. obligatory ._ обязатедыtыii, обяаываtоlцилr
wiLh l,hc grealest compos
;,Й'.";;;Й, him iЙрогtапt, Scriabin's паше as
L{is symphoni, ,oП,"i,lio"tu"" i,i,iЪtiО rйе реrfогmапсе of Notes:
,у-рilJ,iЪ,l^, -"а,
T;t;J Sy,pnTn'y i"Tt" t'l"ine
iI соmроsег ^t Роеm>)
"r art .* fiарOд пр}IхолIIл
tlre First Sч*рr,о"'у,'ЦЙ; в
Tlre syшr,phorty
people hаvе gorte into rapttrres очеt lris
is orre of tlre ScTiabln',To,i ","Р,t1";"лйт,6,;iiоп,, ап cnt]rusiaslic Tes_
;;il,;Ъ;Ъ'l9, вос,гоl-tl, от его }lcкvccтBa
rvas well Teceived Ёllл,i6"еd inrbwBii TriB QuвsTloNs:
; ;;;
п..,,з .
Ьоrп?
.

l.*X_ j.'1 !,X!i а s"y> wti l, t еп |о composili_ -iй'ь'u" uпаЪЁu" чrаs SoTiabin
i ьн ;}:, llil:H,.,i!'
'Т.
,

: :*.
i"
anct опе ot t,i, *о,lij;'ililЪi;;Й"
t,Йis сошрIех t9

18
Wlren clid [е. show exieptional inusical ability? а symplrony which glorified оur people, corrdernned the cnerrry,
wlrose attention did hеъttrасt at the Moscolv consecvaLoiгe? cxpressing unslrakab]e confidence irr ultimate victorv of tlre
who rvere hiý Leaclrers? Sovjct people.
\V]lеп cticl he gTacltratc frоrп, tlre Conservatoire? Schostakovich's aTt astorrnds orre witll а rich vaгiety of tlremes,
\\ljry is his riame cngгavecl irr golcl ietters? sLrbjects and gerrres. Amorrg lris largest trnd шоsL significant r.чогlts
W]rat dicl Scria_llirr lvгite in Llre Conservirtoire? ате his symphonies, quintet for tч,о violins, alt cello and piano;
\\I}ren dicl Scriallin rnalre lris паmе iis а L]оmроsеr of syrnplro- fifteen tluartets, а trio foT piano, violin and cello; fortT corlcertos
Ilics ? rvitlr orchestt,a (Two for piano, orreforviolirr and one fог cello).
1). \Tlrat syrTplron1, is oIte of Scriabin's mos[, majostic com1losi- Among the r,vide vaTictv of lri-" conrpositions thеrе ате mапу
Liorrs'i 1liano pieces of rvhicir 24 рrеiudеs and flrgues rlеsеrчс slleciaIltoLe.
t0. }Yhose ert|,lrtrsiastic Iesponse did tlris symplrorty evolre? Shostakovich has produced music fоr шоrе than З0 films, irmollg
1t. \\ilren lras t]re tгLrс esselrie of Scгiabin's music соmе to liglrt rvlrich ате the old trilogy KYouthn of П,Iахiш>, KRetrrrn of Махiпr>,
irl л]l its frrliness? <ViЬоrg District>, and KHamlet>. Не lras written music for 11
12, Wlierr arrd 'vrheTe was Scriabin's mеmотiаl museum орепеd? tlreatrical productions, Llre oratorio кFIуmп to the Fоrеst>, can-
i .)
l.]. \\'herr did his ilrt,eTnatiotral reputation begin? tata KTlre Sun Shines очеr the П4othe1,1andt>, <<Теп Poenrs> fоr
clroir to lyrics Ьу Russian revolrrtionary poets, lrallots, ореrаs,
а large пumЬеr of сhаmЬеr-чосаl cycles, to lyrics Ьу Pushkin,
ShakespeaTe, Soviet poets atld mапу other wоrks.
II" SO\IIBT con,IPoSERS. Slrostakovich's music bearing the iшргiпt of lris gгеаt talent
and гате mаstеrу permeatod r,vitlr pTofound ideas and spirit, of
l]iIIT11{ SHo ýт..\ KOYICE ltrodetn times, is а рlrепошепоп of wor]d-wide iшроrtапсе.
Тhе.соmроsеr соmЬiпеd his tense rчоrk in musical агl lvitir
с otnpo-
D:rt i Lri Slrosta lto чiс lr is опе oI [Ire gгeatest сопtеm роrаг}, ]ris activities as а statesman and public'leadeT. Не rvas а cleptltv
,|()1,s, {l prclrnirrerrt figuге in Soviet musical
art, of the USSR Suprenre Soviet, Gепеrаl SecTetaTy of tlre Соmроsеls
Н. iuo. Ьоrп on SЪрtешЬеr 25, 1906. As а Ьоу oJ 11_he алlrеаdу Ulrion of the Russian Federatiorr, mernbeT of tlre Soviet r'еасе
Irаtl lr rrrtmber of mrrsical compositions to lris credit. In 19i9 lre Committee. In 1954 he rvas awaTdecl tlre Internatiolral Leltirt Рлi-
l-legan to talte lessorrs irl the LenjngTad ConservatoiTe - itr piano- ze <Fог Strerrgthening Реасе Amorrg Natioris>.
1ойе Iгош PTof. {,. Nikolayev, апсl iп co1npositinTl {t,отп [jго1. l,'оr ilis ol,ristanding aclrirlvemettt,s irt mttsil,,al агt, l). I), S]1,1qrr-"
SteinbeTg. In 1923 Sll(lstakovich gradrrated from tlre Сопsеrчаtоirе ]toviclr ]ras been awarded tlre hопоrаrу title of People's Artist of
lricl ilr 1Э26 made а debrrt rvith his first synrphony. tire USSR. In 195В ]re rvon а Lenin Prize fоr the Elevenllr Symplro-
T'lrc strikingly inclividrral style of D. Shostakoviclr vas vivid-ly пу. I-Ie Ьесаmе а classic drrTing lris lifetime. FIis mrrsic is раrt of
cIp1essecl аlrеЙу irr iiis }-iгst Symplrorry. I-Iis music is clraracte- nttrnkind's golden crrltrrral tгоаsr-rгу. Нr: dietl in 197tj.
гiЙа Ьу p.,rposefulness, сiупашiо fогое and optimism, dislingui-
shirrg mапу of his compositions.
Ilr tirrre the рriпсiрlЪ theme of his music Ьесаmе incrcasirrgly YосаЬulаrу:
rlisl.irrct а tireme oГstruggle betrveen Good and Evil, а theme
-
of the making of t}re пеw-Йоrld, its _tense fighting. against the credit чесl,ь, засдуга, хорошая репутацrIrI
cvil forces. Мъrr starrds in the focus of the composer's attention. vividly- - живо,. ярко, пылко
IL was fоr Llte haoniness of Man, iп the паmе of his laborrr and purposefulness
- целеустремленшость
@poser сгеаtеd his music. evil - зло, бедствие,. несчастье
опе of shostakovich's'mosI sLriking compositiorrs is tho sc- besiege осажлать
-суровый, жестокий,. страrпньтй
r,cittlr sушрlrопу rvlrich he wroie in tlre besi_eged T,eningrad drtгing gгim
tlrc Greit Ёаtriоtiс wаr of the soviet people against the Gеrmап
-
condemn
- осуждать, удичать
lilscists. In the fiгst grim months of the wаr the Gоmроýеr created astound - rrоражать

;_l0
21

L
Irarmonics,лThytlrms, and orchestratiotl,s аrе un,ique, Begз]rrrring
(ll)sсгче быть достойным
- зacJly)KIdBaTb,
i lrr ргiпL -- отшечатоIt
with the Classical Sуmрhопу in D majoT (t9t7), Proliofiev'i
mrrsic reveaIs styiistic features rvhiclr сhагасtеrizо lris errl,iTe
1rr,t,lltt,a[o - проходllть, прониItать, tr)аспростра}rять cTeaIive life. Tlre musical clraracterisIics of his yorrLlIful prer:iot1
- IIаuрrlf{енIIыЙ
l tlltý(l
(1907_19tB) weTe adopted to n,ew ideas in tire m,rrsic of his йаtrrrе
il rvitl:tl * J{агра}Itдать, прису}1{,щ&lгIr
регiоd (t93З-1953).
S_ergei Prokofiev was Ьоrп on Аргil 23, {в91, itt Sorr{,sovlca,
Апswег tlre questions: а village_ in EkateTirroslav Province in thе'Ukгаiпе. }Iis father,
Sergei Alexseyevich, managed the estate of а wealtlry larrdowner,
Sопtsёч. His mother, MaTii Grigоriеl,па, WaS а taleirted piarrist,
Wlrerr was Shosl,akoт,ich Ьотп?
who cultivated iп lrеr son а love-foT classical music.
1low old was he wlren lre alreacly ]rad а numbeT of musical
cornpoJ Litlns? л Pr:okofiev began 1,o compose aL tho age of five апсl а half . I{is
IiTst compositions wele а waltz arrd а гопdо.
When clicl lre begin to,to take lessons at tlre Leningrad Conser-
4,

r-ii toi rе? ..Iп. the Spring of 1900 the Ргоkоfiочs visiLocl Mtlsctlw. Tlrey
attended sечеrаl opgгatic perforrnances, including Gouпoclis
l. whеп clid lre graduate from Lhe conservatoire? lt1
<<Faust> and Borodin's <Рriпсе lgоr>. The operas mасtБ а deep iпr-
Гl. wlien did he lпrite lris first sушрhопу?
(i. WЬеrе was tris stTikingly individrral style vividly expressed? tj pression оп Prokofiev. After rеЬuгпiпg to Sontsevka, he comixosecl
н] оlч9rа KVelikan> (The Giant,) Iоr piano wi{.hout, vocal рЪr,ts.
7. What is lris music characteгized Ьу?
lJ. Wlrat rtid the соmроsеr cTeate his music foT?
ТЬ libretto, written Iэy PTokofiev is а iаir.у tale rvith autobitlgra-
phical details. some of tlre descriptil,e еlейеlrts of tlre music anti-
1), wlrat is th,e mosi strilring composition of slrostakoviclr?
i,i

l(}. \\/lren did the composer create lris seventlr sуmрцопу? t,i
cipate <Peter and the Wolf>.
l1. What cleserves speЪial note in his cTeative woTk?
(1 In t901 Prokofiev composed an ореrа KNa Pustinikh Ostro-
vakhll (On Deserted Islands). Ttre liЬrЪttо, written Ьу Prokofiev
12, What clicl the composer соmЬiпе lris worlr with?
iil
is а storY of а sea stоrm, shipTeck, and larrding of passengers orr
l;j. \\rhen rvas tlre coniposeT awarded the hопоrаrу title of People's
Artist ot the USSR? а deserl,ed island.
In 1902 Jre was taken to lVloscoTr. Prokofiev was introcluced t,o
\Azhen did he rvin the Len,in Prize?
Tarreyev wlto advised lrirn to mшsiс theory, In tlre winter of 1902,
when did he die? on the rесоmmепdаtiоп of Taneyev, Prokofiev stuclied lrаrпrопу
with Роmеrапtzеч. prokofiev was inclifferent 1,o the routinc oi
PltoKolilBv exercises in hаrmопу. НЬ was mоrе interbsted in composing, ancl
Pomeratrtzev's mеtЁоd of teaclilng БоrЬа Н;*.
l]rolrtlfiev's sl.yle is ntlI basecl orr conternporary abstract con- _ .Prokofiev gained mоrе fi.om b'[re teaclring of Gliёrе, wlro
,,,,pir. Prokofiev hеаtеtl an irrclividual musical larцuage, whiclr visited tlre Prokofievs in Sontsevka duriцg thеЪurпrпеr oi t902-
,,i'o,.r*, Iife arrcl irunran ехреriепсе. Manv of his stylistic features 1903. Under" tlre guidance_ of Gliёro, Prokofiev c,omposcicl slrогt
lrlli,c becolne iderrLiiicd with SovieL Music, sonatas, and miniatuгes fог piano, which lre called Kdittiesl.
I]rol<ofiev respec|ed Rrtssian classical traclitions of music. Frоm 1902 to 1909 lre cornposed sixLy clitites, wlriclr Teveal tlre
llis rntrsic rочеаlъd influences of Glinka апd соmроsеrs ofпаtu- the rirythmic peculiarities of Бis later style.
Kt)orvel,ftrl Kuchka>, espccially irr representations of RussiAn In |,Ire late summеr of 1904 PTokofiev went to St. Petetslrrrlg
,,,, o,,cl Rrr-ssian life. iTr march-like characteгistics of his music, to enroll in the Сопsеrчаьоiге. In september ]re passed tlre епtrапсе
,,i,,i-i'i lris ргеfеrеп.u to lruppY tlremeý_in mаjоl tonalities Не de- examinations and enrolled in the conservatoire. His teachers rмеrе
,,cJopod RuЪsiап naLional iilorratiorrs Ьу integ_r_ating elemen.ts of Lyadov in hаrmопу, Rimsky-Korsakov in orchestratiott, allrl
lris йeloclic style vritlr elements of Russian folklore, Esipova iп piano. In 1909 Prclkofiev graduated frоm t,he class clf
Pr:o]rofiev's mtlsic i:s linlrecl to tlre classical sonata st_yle irr composition. Не rеmаiпеd in, the Conserva|,oire to study piano
rv]riclt ti. ,t.u.top.cl inclividual expressive шеапS, I{is melodies, and conduoting.
1

фм#"i
ARAM KIIACHATURYAN
During, tho рrетечоlutiопагу period (1907_1917),_Pro}tlfiev
.ойБr.ТочЪ,, t'bi.Ly cPl*PgsitЪn's in чаii<lý_*елrеs. In.1918 he It is in t}re Tich deptlrs of folk аrt, that musio lry Агаm_Кhа-
intt hossl^. His traliels!'iooli bi* to Japan, Flawaii and tho Uni- .r.^i"ryu", People's Дrtist of tlre USSR, Lenin Prize Winner
;;а ýi;i;;, Iп t92з he settled in paris. Irr 19зз
pTokofiev retuTned
takes its origin.
to Russia and bhis was the beginning of his mаturе creative реri-, Tlre соmрБSеr was Ьотп in t903 in Tbilisi, in а city of sun-
;а;;.iЙ *ы.Ь hе соmроsесГsоmеЪf his ]эеst compositions. Не ,ъi".l"Г*оig. Htt members _of the farnily, his fatlrer, дпd mother and
he has
г}iесl on March 5, 1953. ;Ь;; Бr;iйuоr- lik.d to sing at hоmо and at woTk.
always Ьееп attract.a io Йusiс, ечеr sillce he са1 rеmеmЬqr,,: In
Д IItstory о| Russiatl - Souiet Мusiс,
йi, БЬrtу yeaTs he could spend hо_urs improvisin_g, lrumming tunes,
Б."й"rйуihms, But itЪаs only at tБe age o.f. seventeen that he
lоаrпеj to Tead music. These early compositions <А Роеm>,
VосаЬчlаrу:
-T".b"i^r, fоr piano, кSопg-Роец} fgr,violin and piano, alTeady
-
й;;;;-йрriп"t of а greatlalent. Much later he Ьесаmе а student
рrеfегепсе - trредпочтение
ib" йоr.о- Сопйrчаtоirе, studying under the outstanding
integrate - соедиЕять "i-
-Michail Gnesin.
mаturе
- зрельтй б""i"g the уеаrs of his study at tlre Moscow ConseTvatoire he
anticipate - шредвосхищать, предвилеть
shipreck - кораблекрушенше
First Symphony and а piano сопсеrtо. These wеrе
"oorpo*.,fhis
followed Ьу а violin- сопсеrtо. The _piano and violin conceтtoes
rойiо. - шабЪоrт, рутина, уста}IовлеIIный порядок -
ЬЪЪ;й;--р;;t bt tbe trеаsurеstоrе of Soviet music and brought
}Iадоедать, докучать, утомлять
bore
ditty -- *oria-*iae fаmе to tho соmроSет, and anothe' line, reading
цесенка
особенность
-Б;; KhachaturyanD, appeaTed qn the golden tablets of the
ресuliаritу -
Ьпrоll -- шOступать., вIIосить в спйсок
Сбпsеrчаtоirе, next to the names of such outstalrding gTatluates
Tanyeev, Scriabin, and Rakhmaninov,
- соmроSеrs
aS
In IheT years ihe composeT's talents wele revealed irr theiT
Апsrмег the questiorrs: t"rr-ai".rrit;. й; чrтоtе hisЪесопd syrnphony, <<Symphonic Роеm>,
-1й;;а"
<In Меmоrу of Lenin>, <Сопсеrtо foT Cello with Orchestra>
-
<Gayaneh>, (awarded
|. is Prokofiev's style basecl оп сопtешроrаrу аЬstтасt concept? iii" Б^rr.ts <HappinesýDl <<SpaTtacus>
muiic for and cinema,
"]rii did Prokofiev
2. Wlrа-г mL,slcal larrguage creaLe? а Lenin
* PTize), the stage
, й'ьui i."rures of music ltave Iэесоmе idcntilicd with activities assumed an even
l" time kЁachaturyan's artistic qom_positioч
soviet musiс? widЫ йр.. I{e ЬесаmЬ Professor_of uЧthе Moscow
4. WllaL did Prolrofiev respect? со".Ьrч"tЪirе and the Gne,sins Musi, School in Moscow апd
what intluenoes does ltis music гечеаl? й;;; .о"J""tйg }ris оwп concertB 4ppearingBulgaria, irr townsл of tlre
5.
So"viet Uunion, аЪ well as in Chechoslovakia, Britain,
t), ii;" сlfi Russian national int,orrations?
7. iVt ot i. Pqolrofiev's-music lin]red to? *
BTazil, ATgentina and other countries,
8.
';.-dn^',ulop
йir.п and'where was Рrо]rоfiеч borrr? д Ёiti.,i compose'' prominent public
-tlre leader and mrtrsic
teacheT
9. Й-h;; Jia tr. begin to compose? Aram"khachatuiyan'oius ono of greatest musicianý of оur
t0. й-rr"-Ъ"rйr"l,ес[ In Prolrofiev а love for classical m_uýic? л time.
l,L, Йil;;;iа- ni, ia*ily attend wherr they visited Moscow?
L2. йh;" dicl PTokofiev епtеr the Conservatoire? YосаЬulаrу:
t3. who wеrе his teaolrers?
|4, What classes did he gracluate frоm? origin - происхождеЕие, источЕик, IIачаJIо
t5. ffi;; fiГр;k"iiй rJtrrr., to Russia after his travelto
Japan,
Hawaii and the united states?
hum
- мурлыкать, наtrевать
сокровищница
16. when did prokofiev die?
freasurestoTe -
24
, fame слава
гечеаl- обнарунtивать, показLIвать
'sеr Purcell's' tlriгd апd_ lqg! ,,rasieT was the .h'чtЖжуriu*п* '

- and organjst Dr. I_._ Blorv, to rMlrom Рurсеll's'gйаi*iriа"ьtu-


diversity dness is not always sufficientý realized. Irl 167Э, ,ibni-trb'uoi""
assulne -брать
рааrrо,образие
на себя, rrринимать -ьrоkе, Рurсе]l was dismissed witlr ап exchorister's sаlаrч оtэ0
Sсор0
- paзilIax, об,lrасть, шоле деятеJIьпостI1
-
Atlsrvcr tlle questions:
i'ftT ;i.' -yJi ъlli* hYJf;фtЖffttr;'i i,i,|, XHi. ;,. *,,
tlre kcepeT of tlre king's instruments. ln 1677 lre *"" dit&ЧdРu'
(соm!оSеr in ordinaTy for the violinl and iп
t. ,Whеrе did Аrаm Кlrасlrаtu,rудц'5 pu5ic talte its origin? 1680 he sirЁсе"аеа
DT. Blow as oгganist
2. Wlren йd wlrere lvas tlre соmроsеr Ьоrп? The уеат 1680 rvas the beýining of а period tlf great prodrrcti-
3, Who lilrcd to sirrg in lris family?- vity. In it he wrote the mrrsiCto <йeodosius> (dтаЙа Буil*1, tb"
4. Did. he ert joY improvising, , lrtrmming tulres and beating first court odes KWelcome
гltytlrirrs in 1ris еаrlу chilblrood? .So_ngs>, sечеrаl ;;йй;'
,"}j:h wеrе composed e_specially*for
Йurrу ot
tlre prodigio", bo.uo prito"ao
5. \Yircrr was Ье attracted to mrrsic?
{,

of tlre Rev. Jоhп Gostling, а binger аt-СапtЪIru


Q. }|liat irrrprint did ]ris early compositions bear? In 1680 lre married Frапсоs PeTTes. His fiгst pr:irrt.d composi-
7. Whrrt did ]ie соmроSе duTing lris yeaTs at tlre Moscorv Соп- tion was the 12 sonatas of III parts: tц,о vio]ins'a"d Баss-i,о ttie
servatoire? огgqп, oг_lrarpsiclroгd. These tliouglr ivolvedly basea oii-tialian
8. Whо rvas lris tcaclrcr а[ tlre lVloscow Conservatoire? models show great роwеr and oTi[inality.
9, wlrat l.orks of klraclraturyan lэecame а рагt of treasurestoTe PuTcell had поw-Ье.о.. о"о*РЪsег in оrdiпаrУ 1,o 1,1re i<ing>,
of Soviet il{trsic? a:rd fоr _eaclr public е_чепt lre coorposetl ап ode о. й ur,Бu-. Tt
wlren rvere t]re сошроsеr s talents гечеаlеd in t]reir full finest of t]rern аrе: the ode <Swifier Isisl, <srvifter flйr, trrЪ -St.
.
diversity? Cecilia> odqs and two anthems wTitten foT Jашеs fiъ
t1. What did ite rvrito at tlrat реriоd of time? "ir"^Ъtiо"
t2. Wlrat scope clid Klrachaturyan's activity assume at
1)
1q,,I was_glad>, 2) оМу heart is Inditirrgл. His аirthей.
notablo as being tlre first English
*...
t]rat апthйs witй "ьтсБеstrаt
time? ассошрапimепt. \

13. Wlrat rvas he at lre },Ioscow Conservatoire?


l4,. W}rсгс did ire appear corrducting ]ris оrчп concerts? .,Т\п_ор,еrа <Dido and Aerteas> rvas writtorl to а libretto fur-
nished Ьу Nahurn Tate. Tlre date of its compositiort and orisiour
реrfоrmапсе is about tlre уеаr 1689, In thй ,wоrk iй;l; Ilo
I}RITISH n{USIс spoken. dialogue Ъut опlу recitatil,es ацсl it is сlrаrасtеrizеJ"frоm
, beginning to_end Ьу the dramatic direptrress which Prrrcell pos-
PURсIJLL, IIвNRу se,ssgd in so higlr а clegree.
( ltj5c- l695) Tite sсоrе of Purcel]-'s SONGS AND MUSIC to KThe F'airy
Purccll, HelrTy rva,s Ьоrп iп Westminster. His father 9uряl}, (ап adaptatio! of Shal<cspcarc's <Tltc ТЪ,.rрпrЙi-lмr;tt"п
rn 1б9J, was discovered in 1901 and ecIited fоr llre Рuгсеli Socicty
gctrtlcnran of t,]rc Clrapel Roy,al, оп ]ris death in 1664; waý а in
й"r..у 1903.
I)rlrсс_ll ri,as рlасеd]uпdег the guardianship of his uncle'Tllomas рurсеll suffered muсh at the hands of lris eclitoTs
l'trrcelJ. il ll1an of ехtrаоrd,iпаrу p,obity arrcl lrinclness. (В76 the Purcell Society was foundecl for tlre until in
lris rrrtclc's iпterest PrrTcc]l rTas iclrniLiert as а ctroristerTliror,glr
-ot р,r.ро." bf йi;gr ,;
ttre out_ а complete edition of his ц,ollts, the lrrajoTiiy of wlrich
t,lrapel aritl_ placed uпtlеr Calrtain I,IenTv Coolle, ai, ехйt""t аге
'deatli sLi]l in,manuscript. TheTe ате sjgrls о[ tlrt, begi.lrlirg oi ttie g.not
l''асhеr irlrcl сошроsеr of arri]rems. On ioo]<e's Pelharn <l'ttrcc,ll геr,iчаl> rrot only in ErrgJarrd brtt,,iso оп llre Conririelrr.
llumfTcy Jэecanre (mаStег), ancl lre again was an excellent teacher.
;rs ч,е1] as mrtsician of,p;enius, but is а plrpil of Lully he _ Purcell was Ьuгiеd in Wеsйiпstеr АЬЬеу o,i iЧоV.r"Ьr",
stooct 26, j U95,
l'rrг li'l,eliclr sclrool апd iП tlris lе,sресt failbd^to inflrrence
Purcell,
ц,lrо tooli tlie Italittn rnaýterý for lris models. (Е псусlореdiа В ritаппiса, 1 94Е)
,l
YосаЬulаrу: i2.'Wirai aie tЪе finebi'odes and апthеms Ьу Н. Рurсеll?
guaTdianвlrip weTe they rеmаrkаЬlе fоr?
probity - опека IIеподкупность
честIIость, 13. When was the ореrа <Dido and Aeneasl wTitten?
-
indebteclness -_ чувство долIа 14. Did Puicell]s music enjoy poprrlarity in the collrsc of tlre
sufficiently 18-th and t9-tlr centuTies?
с[ismiss
- достаточЕо
t5. Wеrе his compositions known to the public?
sаlаr},
- жалование
увольнять
16. Can ,we spealc of tlre gTowing interest lor PuTcell's шusiс in
-
lсеереr _- храIIIIтель, смотрIIтель оur dayý?
- быть rrpee}IHиKoNI,
strcceed сýIеЕять
р ro cli gio us удлIвитеlt ьный, r,rзупtлrте.lr ьный BLGAR, SIR ED\YARD
avorvcdly
- rтря}Iо, открыто
Itrrnislr
-предоставлять, сrtабrкаiь
(1857-1934)

Sсоrс
-IIартитура
Englislr соmроSеr t,as lэoTlr in lYоrсеstеr. IIis fаt]rсr was tlre
edit - редактIIровать organist of tlre Romatr catlrolic churclr of st. Gеогgе irl tlrat
- ocIIOBLIBaTb
forrцcl
- стралать city and had connectiotts with tlre Glee club arrd tlrеfIгее Сlrоiгs
srrIfcr-- Frlstiva]. FIe also was а violirrist, and bo1,1r lre ancl lris sоп playecl
revival - возро}l{дснлIе iл the festival огсhеstга. Tlre }эоу also plrryed tlre оrgап, апсl
to }э,ring out _- ошубллrrtовывать, IIi]давать
occasionally the baýsoon, ап11 sometiпros lecl ilr,, r',lec СйЬ Ьапа.
Не lrad пrr Tegrrlar nrusical e.dцcation,
Notes: In 1В79 he Ьосаmе bandmaster at tlie corrnty lrrnatic asylttIn;
t, а gcrrtlenratl of t}re CIrapeI Royai члеII прлtдворшой ка- in 1885 succeeded his fatlrer as orgaltist at St" Gеоrgе's; iп tBBg
IIe.rIJIы.
- he moved, to London, but finding по e]rcouragenreirt tlrеrе he
2, St. Cecilia -- св. Idецlт;rлrя, шокровlIтOльtlица }I}зык!I у retired to MalveTlr in 1Bg1, апd iп 1894 he sot,tled irr I-IerefoTd.
KaToJItlкoB. f{errb св. ЩецлtллIи празднуется е;яетодно 22 Fтоm 1905'to t9OB ]re rvas рrо{еssоr of music at BirTnirrgham
lrс.rяб1l;т. lJniveTsity.. The first wоrk of Йim, his oratorio r<Tlre Drеай of
l-j . KDido апd r\eneas>- <,Щttдотtа It Эней>- ошера, пацисанlIая Gerontius> didn,t at first rесеiче t]re гесоgпitiоп lvlriclr it mcritecl.
Л :,,:г"-l, of the аudiспсе оЬjected to
;,' )r,,rl,пr,l Рпtrгтт-,т- its Kciitho]i,-,isrrr,r.
<Ihе T'empest>- кБурял- пьеса Шексплtра с Elgar's.Tiext grеаt lvorlr rvas кТhе Дроstlеs>. Its reception lvas
, _, ,..-J,

lr. эJII)NIеIIта}{II .
disappoin_ting. Made of steTlter stuff tlrJrr <Gerontius>, ii was поt
t{laltTacTlrttlt
calculated to арреа1 to those wlro }rad] talcen tlre work to their
Alrsrvcr the qucstions lrеаrl,s. The hаrЫlПсss о.[ sonl. of tlre 1lrogгossiorrs was displeasing
t. Whelc ancl ý,hеп was IJenTy Purcell Jэоrп? tc_English festival audienccs rvho hacl lЙеп brr-,uglit up or. Меп]
А, Wlro rveTe Purcell's first teachers? deissohrr апd. sроhr, dut subsequent регfоrmапсеs bTouglrt а
Wlrose prrpil rvas Pelliam Нumfrеу? revulsion in its fачоuг.
4. whicir шusiс sclrool did
puTceil take fоr his model?
prrrcell given iп |в77? _ ElgaT's growirrg populaTity led to tlre organizatiorr in 1904
5. wlrat appointrnent rvas of an EIgaT's festival of tilroe days at Cor.errf Gагdсп, at which
ij. W]rat yeif lrrarliecl tlrc bclginnirrg of his period of great рrо- KGcrontiusu, <The Apostles,i ald tlre сопсеrt overtrrro <[rt tlre
cluc L ir-i ty? south> wеrе реrfоrmеd. Tho last i,s olic of tiro соmроsеr's finest
Wlrat compositions wет0 rvritten at tlrat tinrc?
7. rvorks, rеmатkаьlе fоr t}re broad liIres ol its melody irrd its u,аrm
Йt ot was'Plrrcell's first printed composition?
8. colouTing_and'interestiпg as а fогеtаstс of t]ro gieat symplronic
(l
wсrtl these sclnatas inf]ucnced Iэy Italiair rnusic? rvTiting t]rat was to соmе.
{0. Wlrat post dicl Ptrrcell ]rold at that time? In t906 KThe {tingdom> (ор.51.) ri,as pTllclrrceti at tlrc Bir-
] l. Was if his clrrty to соmроsе music fol eaclr public еyепt? miпghаm Feptival.

ао

.,---,,.-:,-.
ТЦ. арреаrапсс of the fiTst symphony 1iп а fiat, ор. 55) mаt- beyond
- вЫше,трацсцонировкД
transcription
cbepri
lrect the opening of а пеw phase. Whеrе thё massive сГrотаl woTks
]rad faiied to convince and impose, the sym Tevive -
воскрешать
Its breadtlr,
breadtli its beauty ancl its sincerity left
nphony почr succeeded.
eft по doubt,
doubt. fTom tlre
-
fiгst time of beaTing of its iшроItаlrсе. Its reception abload was Notes:
almost as entlrusiastic.
Аftеr the symphorry саше: The violin сопсеrtо; Tlre Second
Symphony; Falstaff, the Symphonic study foT orclrestTa.
1. WorcesteI
2. а glee - г. Вустер
вокаJIьЕое IIрорIвведение для трех r,r более соJIыIых
The Wоr]d War I inspirod Elgar to ,wTite some patriotic pie- голосов,- исuолняющееся обычно без аккО,lлгiоIIеI}tецта
ce.s, one of wlriclr,'KCarillon>, Баd iппurпеrаЬlе fеrfоrmаrlсеs. 3. а glee-club
AfteT tire deatlr of lris wife in tg20 little bevorrd two bгilliant и'более голосов - хор, исцолняющий произведе}I}Iя д.,Irя трех
transcriptions fоr orclrestra оr а fugrre Ьу Bach and an overtttre 4. ThTee Сhоir Fфtival фестиваль хоровой лtузыкш
Ьу Handel. 5. Malvejrn г. Мальверн-
Nlany о[ Elgar's еагiiеr compositions wеIе revivecl when his 6. Heriford - г. Херифорп
fаmе Ьесаmе establislred ancl liave Ьесоmе favorrritgs with tlre 7. KThc Dтеаш- of GerontiusD (СIIовI,IлеIII,Iс l'ерtlltтtrя> -- ора-
I]гitrslr plrblic, Ашопg these аrе; the Рошр altcl CiгcuTnstance -
тория на текст поэмы кардI,II{а.ца l:l.bKlпIelra
rnarclres; tlre songcycle <Soa Pictures>; tlre кЕпigmа> variations 8. SpohT IIIпор Луи /Людвитl 17}1l-t859, lrclllerlttl.tй компо-
foT оrсlrеstга oll atl originaJ ttreme; tho оl,егtirо Cociraigrre; Зитор, -окрипач, ц
дириiltер шедагог. O;1trlt ttlз IIII()II0].)oB ]Ic-
S;'.],-l 1'.lilir.iti) f0I' r,iolirl irпtl p,iarto. плецкоr1 I]о},тант}lчесrtой оперr,t.

Atlswer tlte questiolrs:


\/осаЬulаг1,:
1. Wliat time did F]lgar live iл?
tlccasiotrall} -;- }13редIiа, олучаЙно
2. Was jris .[аtirег а rrrusicrart?
." ,].-",,
,l,n,_,,^ 3, ln What rvav did EJgtrr тпгеiчр lliF'r],rrrcir,,,'l ,,,lttr,;lIilllt?
luntrtic
i
сулrасшедrrirrлi
4. Wlrat' ц,ц5 itis fiqst lаrgе-sсаlе lvolk? W;rs it а sLtccess?
аsуluп -- боlrьrrlrца
5. Did his second gTetrt lчоrl< <'Ilre Apostlesl rесеiчс Ttlcclgnitiolr
()IicoLtгagemelrt _. оболllсlttLс at once?
6. What is Вlgаr|s сопсеrt очеrtuге <Ili tlte Sor.rtlri> ronrakal_rle
rllerit -- заслу}нI,tвать fоr?
object -- возраiкать 7. W]rat rr,ork mаrkеd tlre openirrg tlf а llerv piitrsc irt tlte conr-
clisappoint
- 1]авочаровьlвать, облtаirывать
stuff - rItlTepIIaJI
].Iалеi{iль{
роsеr's creative activity?
в. What compqsitions wеrе Writtelr Ьу Еlgаr a{ter 1920!)
саlсшlаtе ,- вшчцс.rrять, рассgllты]]ать ,9. Catr rve say that
llarslrnest * резкость, суровость Elgar was а versatile composeT?
.- 10. Ате ЕlgДr's compositions рорulаr liowaclavs?
l)r'ogIeSSio1I шродвц}кеIIи.е
rIispleasing *
llешрIlятlrыfl, uротl,rвный
гtlvrrlЪioll _. B]Icзilllr.roe IIз},IcJ{сIIIIо ]tIIctlAI]t, TIPP]rTT
Illгotaste предвкушеЕие
rltlltvince - убеrtrлать, у]]срять Tippett was Ьоrп in Londott, otr Jапuаrу, 2,,1 905. Ilis cliild-
irrrpo5e
- rrроllзводIIть c}lJlbцoe ]]цечцтJlеI{ltе ltood arrd iloyliotltl wеге spent irr а srnail Sufiolk viilagc, rчirеrе
lrгсасlth - шIирIIIIа, mtlpoTit, шrltрокtлй раз}Iах tre began taking piano lessons. In his eiglrteentlr чсаr he саmе to
si rLctlгity
- Ilcltpelll{ocTb London, witеrе }re erlrolled in tlre Royal Collece oI П'Itrsic. Tltere
,ltltt]lt -ctllllt(,Illl(} lrc studied compositiorr T,itlr Charles Wood and Ii. О. l'Iorris
-.
31
Аd,фr}.Воu!t, Апsrуеr the questiorrs
hпii oonduotrng rvitiT Sir Ма1€_оlш ýaTgent gnd ýlt
:

.I.I]orlph he und,eTtoolc ambitious composition ftom his twenty


evefything hе {. When and vrhеrо rлrаs Tippett Ьогп?
;;"ri";.;; "rll""йiцg "-rvйрь"lу, ъе iejoctecl lphic]r
i
2. WlreTe did he spend lris clrildhood апd boyhood?
lrad, writtcn befoTe igЭЫ.i;"л io, hiu first stTing Iij,
qu_aTtet,
Double сопсеr!о с 3. When did Tippett епrоll in The Royal College of 1\'Irrsic?
j

ir;lr;;^;*itten-in 19зi and revised irr t94з. The


4. Who were his teaclrers at the College?
iЬrЪtri"g oTclrestra, 1; 1бэ9, was_lris fiTst mаjоr,mаtuгеасhiече- th_at tiшre 5. What did Tippett wTite in London?
rrrent whiclr ъ" stooJ-reudy to acknowiedge; and f,tom
;;" й" ;;;l"d slо.чф ъ" l"rrg. wоr!9 аII in media,. for which rе_ 6. What composition was his first success?
.."*"-"lо.йп*Бui-iп."itаьlу. Between 1940 and t951, 7. When was he the Musicai DirectoT of MoTIey College irr
""lJit""
il-;;a"ii,."Tr.i."L alr".io, of MoTtey College in London wltcre Londoll?
В. Wlrat composition appeared, in 1942!'
iо-.-Бt hi;s majoT rvoTks wеrе intгoduced, What rvas Tippett's first ореrа?
А ]rumanitarian i,ой Боуr,ооа ол, pT_ofoundly Tippet was
corrceTtted
а paSSIo-
9.
10. Was this ореrа а success?
ýitГsocial irrjustice and hu,mаП suffering,
When was tlris second ореrа givcn?
;;;; ;;;iTis[,'rvlro ;;il* ф"rlс1 Wаr .Iг accepted ргisол ratirer and
11.
12. Wllat lrappenecl to Tippett in 196tj?
tlrirtl clisavorv lris йrr.,i"'tlоr,r. This stTong 3ove iоl"гiесе
,b"ioI jr-rstice p"rl.trot",l into tlre writing of sorne of_his.most
оrаlоriо <д Chilrl o,f оtrг BBNJA]!IIN I]IiITTI]N
;;;;Ъr.i;i'irо,.i,.. r,"girri"g lvit]r tlre<Tlre N4idsummer маrriаgс>
ii;;;;-i; t9a2. Tlpp;ii,s firrt ореrа a't Covent Garden orr Jalrtrary 27, Benjimin Britterr, tlre British соrпроБег, piarrist atrd соп-
lYirs а failure rvlren'ilrtfocluceci drrctor rvas Ьоrп in tlre соuutу of Suf{olit, olr NочсmЬеr 22, 1913.
1955. А seconcl ор..о "iiйs Ртilцl лчаs giverr at
CoventTy Catlre-
Wlrat i,s so impoTtant alэout Nочеrпhеr 22? Well, Noverrrber 22
,lгпl in "Ertg}alrt[- orr 1\[ау 29, 1902, irr Englaricl is St. Ceci]ia's Day. St, Cecilia is tlre patrorr sailrt oI rrrrrsic.
Tippett's siriietlr'lэlrltlicl-ц, lvas ceiebtrated botlrwoTlrs, Bonjamin Britten's fatlrer was а tlenti-st, апd ]oved шusiс
nna-ifiJ
"---;Гiрреttt"it",i Stoi., rvith рЪrfоrп:lа.I}реý of mаjот
чеrу rnuclr. I-Ie refrised to buy а Tadio оr gramaplrorles becattse lre
1.,,д_. ktriglrtec1 iп Jr.rne of t96P_,
rvanted tlre mеmЬеrs of the family to rnake tlrtlir owrr mtrsic,
Benjamin's mоthеr playecl tlre piallo arrd sang, tlte frierrds of
the family often саmе to tlro 1rottse to рlау m,usic in tire evetlings.
\rocalrtrlary: Вепjашiп grew up, tlrerefore, lvitlr а grеаt irrterost irt rnusic.
Но staTted to play the piano and to collrpose rnttsic tvttotr he tvas
опlу five,
спrо1l - пр}lttIt-\Iать Wlriie lre was at school, Benjamin colltirruecl to corrrpose songs.
untlertalre -- rrредпрrIlIrIlIатЬ IIе rvorked hard at otlrer subjects, too, ]lut he rvas теа[lу irrl,еrеs-
ambition -- честолlобпе. стlэелtJIеIIrIе ted only in musiс.
rеjесt .- отверIать Wlren lre left sohool, }re went to tlre Royal College of П,Iusic
revise * исrrравлять
ч
foT tlrTee yeaTs. Wheri lte tt,as 19, he begarr to саrп lris living as а
nratuTe - зрелый ч.1, musician. Не rvorlted, fiTst, for а snral] film cornpany; lre then
]

rneclia -- об.частъ, сфера е wTote music fоr plays Ьу 'l]. S. Eiiot апr1 other rчгitепs. I}enjamin
iпачitаlэlу - IIе}Iвбежпо i Britten like Vtruglran Williams believes tliat it is irrrpoTtant
pTofoundly - гllубоltо i
}t to follow the musical traditions of tlre pirst.
сопссrп - ItacaTbcrl; лII{тереСоватЬсЯ FIe rva5s чегу interested in clrilctron arrcl has rчri{,tеп lnally
pl,isolt -- тlорьлlа sorigs alld opelas foT tlrem. In i934 ]l is lэrоtlrег r,r,ho rva.s tllc
disavo,rv отрIlцать),откаЗь1]];tться lreadmaster o,f а boy's sclroo], askecl }rim to rvrite а boolr of songs
-
convictiorr - цроIIl,tIiiIтL
убе;itдеrrлте fог tlre scltool. Веп jamiri ]3r,Itterr rvrrl Le <Iir:iday Af [,егrrоолs,>.
pcric tTate
- His cliiidгen's ореrаs suclr as <Let's NIaIlo atr 0роrал, аrе silrr1lle
krriglit _- шосIJяIцать в I]ыцар}r
cj
а/,
п

etrotrglr lil, rlIrilrl,t,lr t,rl 1rlir v arld sing, }Ie iras also r,vritten <А 7. Is Briiten of tlre opinion that сопtеmроrаIу mttsicians trrust
Youttg l,'tl1'51;11's (irridu Lo tlre orchestra>, vaTiations and fшguе
on а tIttltttrl llv l'rrt,rltlll lvlrich. tells you about various instrumentp follow and develop the mrrsical traditions of the pasb?
of tlltl rll,t,Itttsl,t,it.
8. Wlrat shows tlre Composer'b gTeat interesL to youný people?
l
RriIlcrr's ttlttsic sIlor,s rrrarkcd inflrtence of оthеr соmроSеrS, .9 9qз we say tlrat lrib mlrsic is influerrcecl Ьу оtБеr сirпцrоsЪrs?
10. What musical gепrеs does E}ritten wоrk ]in?
tlrotrglr stlrtttl tlri[ics sec irr it ап affinity to thai of Gustav-Malel
and _1g<_lг St,trvinsky. _His outstarrding facility fоr setting Englislr
t1. What аге the best-lrnown wоrlсs о{ .[J. BTitterri}
vrorcls to rtrusic ]ras led to сошратisiопs with tlre t7tir* century
12, What Britten's compositions lrave чоu ]rеаrсl?
composcl }Jenry Реrсе11, fог rvhose music he is knowlr to hачъ 13, Ifavs hi5 ореrаs beerr staged in our соu_utrу?
аdm irа tio lr.
,rig ha1 been largelY Tosponsible fоr the EngliBh Ореrа Group чл[]GIIлN WI],LIAMS
and forrncied tlre annual Aldeburglr Festival й tgaB. Hls Ьезj
o_pela_S_o fаr is probably KPeteT GrimesD. The first
ретfоrmапсе of
(1s72
- l9;s)
the _<War Requieml with its setting роеmS Ьу Wllfred Owen,
at the consecration of the rebuilt cathedTal at Coventry in 1962, RaIf Ya_ugh_an Williams Was Ьоrп in Darvrr Aprrey, itr Glou-
was а .lrotaiэle event in the world of music. сеstеr, Engiancl оп осtоЬеr t2, LB72. Не wrote -lris- first piece
of music when lte was six. IJe begatr strrciying the piarro ilr }ris
i
childhood witlr_ ргiчаtе teachers, continuing hii stuclies at а рге-
YосаЬulаrу:
раrаtоrу school in Rott_ingdear] which he епtеrесt in 1В82, апrl
at Clratteг]rouse frош 18В7 to 1В90. At tilе lаttег sclrool his рiапо
lreadmaster
simple
- дцректор шко"тIш
простой
trio irr G was реrfоrmеd оп August 5, 1ввв. F-rоm 1Bg0 to'18.92
affinity - родсlво
and again frorn -iB94 to 1899 he гесеiчеd а coпrprelrensive tгainitlg
at _tЦ_ч Ц_оv4 College of Music in Lопdоп fiom iIuЬеri [rагr}
faciiity - легкость, блаtоrrрлIят1.Iое усJIоtsце
соmраrisоп- сраRIIенше, сходсiЪо
and Charles StanfoTd, аmопg оthегs. Fоr two yeals, betweerr 18gi
rеsропрiЬlе - ответствеrrцый
and 189lr. he attended Trinity College at СаmБridgе, wlrere lre was
- active in all oI its шusiсаl activitiJs. Wlrite atteid'irrg tlre Royal
annual еiкегодный .
-tioll Coliege of t\[usic, he worked aS all огgапist at St. I}arltabatlt
соп5ссr'а посвящеIIllе in Sorrtlr Lambetlr. 'Ilrеге ]re clevoted lrirnself to colrr1losition,
so fаr зд, -Taltиrr образошl In his early rvorks <<А Quintet for Clarirret, Ногrr, Violin, Cello
-
ffi and Piano>, <Bucolic Suite>, fоr оrс]rеstrа he was irrfluencecl Ьу
ffi
Notes: Brahrns. Аftеr that period lre Ьесаmg interested in foik nrlrsic
of tlrc l'udor period.
.,. fоr rvlrose nrtrsic lre is knor,vn to hаче admiratiorr А tlrjсf p"i,ioa о_[ stutly in Рагis willr Ravc] irr lgOB slгепg-
- чьей му- l
зыttой оII, Italt l1звестно, увJIекадся I tlrened lris technicai equipment and enriohed arrcl strbtilizect ltis
I sift at. orchestration and lrarmonization. His personality began
, Ansryer tlre tluestiorrs: | ryvealing itse]f mоге stгопglу in t,lre ,ong
"уЪlе
<orr WепlБоk
i, Edgeli in 1909, irr his first sуmрlrопу <The Sea Symplrott5,l, antl
t. wro is tltis text about? l IIl_compoSeI'S _first masterpiece <Fantasia on ТhеЙе-Ьу 'ihornas
2. Whеп was В. Britten Ьотп? # Tallis> in {910. lVith а <Lопdоп Symplronyl>, in 1913, V. Wil_
о. Wете_thеrе professional musicianS ilr Britten's fашilу? rj,, , ti"ay9 ha$ ta]<err his place with tlre fоrеmоst composers of Engalnd
4. Did the аtmо.sрhе_rе in tlre house help to develop the boy's d, ol his
of hrs time.
tlme.
interest in music? I During World Wаr II, Vaughan Williams sеrчесl first in the
Шотr old was В, B'ritterr when lre began.to соmроsе? l, Тсгritоriаl Агmу Nlilitary Согрs as а hospital оrdегlу irr Frаuсе
L

i:

6. where did Britten recoive his music,al education? l апd Macedotria and tlren at the frоцt as Ъп аrtillегу lier-rtenant.
The war ended he joined ihe facully of the Royal Coliege ot ЛturЙ
t
в:
ý 34
tз5
t-

L
l
F1
il

&j
uпtlег Sir Hugb Ailen and rccieved а Васhеlоr of lVlrrsic dеgrее
vrhere he tarrglrt composition up to the time of his death. Betweon in 191В. Fоr а Ьriеf ancl unsatisfactory period, ho aLtenderl Christ
19i0 апtl {92Ъ, he lvas the corldrLctoг of the Baclr Сlrоiг. л succes- Churclr College, ОхfогсJ, but vrаs expellecl fоr failrrгe to аttепсl
sion of irпрогtапt rvor]ts in ечеrу possihle mеdium raised him to lris sttrdies, since all of his time was cledicatecl ttl rnusical ilrte_
pto.o оГ first irпроrtапсе, Oii Arrgust 26, t95B, Yauglran WiI- rests. At Oxford }re cornpleted tlre wгiLilrg of а sLгitrg quartet
"liamsdiccl аx iris iiome in Lonclon. FIe was сгеmаtеd two days arrrl а piano quartet. The fiгst of tlrese was ilrtгodtlced at t,he fes-
tuiu.u"a orl sерtеmьеr t9, lris ashes lvere Ьrrгiеd in westminster tiva] of lhe Iпtегпаtiопаl Society lor СоtrLеI)lрогаrу N{rrsic at Salz-
АЬЬеу. burg orr Arrgust 4, 1923, the lаttег гесiечесt а prrblication awar:d
from Llre Саrпеgiе ТrusL Fturd iri l924. Ili llo[lr tltcsc tlotnprrsi,-
VосаЬtrlаrу: tion.s lre was influelrced Ьу Вrаhtпs atrcl l"аliг6. Ncvelt,itrlless ilr-
dividrral characteristics soon to Ьесоmе Tecogrrizablc as ]lis оrчп
общий, BcecTopoHE!l!I could Ье detected. Аftеr leaving Oxford, he lived in Lorrclon witlr
cornpгehensive -
subtilize - rшлифовtrть Sitweil fашi}у, an association that led to tlre wгitirrg oi F'acade
in 1922, witjr which Walton ac]rieved lris first ýllccess. <f)огtsmоutlt
оrdеrlу - связllой Point>. fоr orc]testra, in 1925, tlre viola сопсеrtо in t929, alrd Bel-
rtredirilrr об.:rасть
Ьurу
-
xopofttlTb
shаzzаг's F-east iIr 1931 lrelped to establislt lris reprrtatiolr.
- Drrring World Wаr II, Walton served in the Ambrrlarrce Соrрs
irr London. In rrniform he ,,чrоtе tlre rnrrsic fоr dосdmсп|агу films
*\tБtvcr tlre qutэstiolB :
tlre scores fоr two ballets and the Ьасkgrоuпd mttsic fог sevetaI
mо[iоп pictures, irroluding кNIаjог ВагЬаrа>, Kl{amletl irrrtl <I-Ierr-
t. When апсl rv}rere rvas \YiiliaItrs ilогпi rу \rD. During tlre rvar, in 1942, Охfоrd r-lопfеrrеtl orr lrin alt irtl-
z. дriй*i age clicl lre wгitе his first piece of music?
поrаrу doctorate"in music. Аftеr tlre wагt а sttccqssiotr of mаiоr
3" Wlrat sс}rйl did hе епtег iп t882? lvorlis eactr one of firstsignificance, placed Walton rvitlr i,lre tоге-
liy WilIla:tls rvas _регfоrtпеd, in lE85?,
Zr. rVi.,"t (:onlposition most соmроsеrs of the trventietlr сепl,urу. Itl гecogrritiolr, of ]iis
5. \Vhеп dict !Vi]lianrs stucly ,iL tIrc Royal Uolicge ol iluSlc aclrievemetrts, he lvas lrrliglrtect irr 1951. Iп t9Гl3 lte wгоtе к]]е
ilr Londolr? Deuln> fоr tlre согопаtiоп of Queen l]lizabelhII arrd irr 1954
О. lVb.re clicl lre study be|ween 1892 and tB94? lrc corttplel,ect't]re wгi[irrg о[ lris first ореrа KTroiltrs altcl Сгсssiсlа,>.
i. lVbnr. clid Willi;Й rvorlr rvirile attending tlre Royal College
qf N{usic?
в. йьаi compositions арреаrес[ rrncler лtirе influence of Вrаlrшs?
9. Who rvas Willirrrns' Leac]let, ill Рпгis? Yocalltrlary:
10, What ilicl he соmроsе in i909?
11. Did Williams sеrчЪ ciurirrg \Yorld rчаг II? Ьасlrеlог бакалавр
12. Where clicl lre lчоrk after tlre Wаr? -
Ьriеf -- краткий
iэ: йi;;; was Williaйs the сопсluсLоr of the Bach сhоir? expell
14, Wlrerr clid tlre composer die? faiiure
- дсклIоtIать
недостаток
15, Wlrere was Williams Ьuriеd? arvard
- шрltсуждать, награ}кдать
-
detect _ открывать, обнаруiItлIвать
WILLIAM \VALTON score партитура
motion - picture
]'_
- фильм
Walton Was Ьотп in оldhаm, Lancaslrire, Errgland, confer
- rrрису}кдать
о" й"r"й-Zg, tgbz, His. fа|hеr, а churclr mrrsician, gave him fiгst succession
in choir - ряд
;о;; lessorrs. дt llre age of five, Williaп} sang
that, he
chrrrch Ьасkgгоuпd
- фоrt
посвящать в сэры
i"йi"t hi. fnth". сlirесtй. Five уеаrs after entered,tlre kniglrt -
ой;iJ CiuTclr Cathedral Сhоir School at OxfoT6, whего he studied
зо
г
I

Artsryer tlre questionsi Llre iпsuгапсе firm of lves and Соmрапу. Не remained in the in-
suгапсе business rrntii 1930 all the wlrile combining tlris success-
t. trVlren ancl wltere was Walton Jrоrп? ful activity with the writing of music. Не insisteci оп геtаiпiпg
2.WliirI lvas }ris fatirer? itrr аmаtсur stal,tt_c as а соmроsеr, печеr tryirlg to get liis rчоrkБ
-pr,БtisbJa
3.Wlro rvas WalLon's f iгst Leacirel itt Ttrrtsic j) регfоrшеd or_pr"rblisired. When he lrimself tr,o of his
4. trVhеп did he епtег Llre C}roir Sc]rool? opllses <tThe Сопсоrс1 Sonata> and 11lr Songs it was mеrеlу о dis-
5, lVlren dicl Wаltоп rесiече а Baclrelor dеgгее irr mttsic? tri.bute, them fгее to iris friends. Не wаЪ completely йli,,io,,,
WIti, ,""lrs he expelled frопr the Сhгist Cirrrrclr Col1cge!' to prrblic оr critica.[ reaction, Fоr fоuгLу yeal,s Ire livcj ;п аJшоsI
7, Whлl, dicl Waltorl col1}pose iп Oxford? Iotal сгеаtiчс obscrr rity, ргосluсiпg о]lе rеrllагkа]l]о rr-orlt a{ter
8. Wiren апrl rчIrеге rvas, [ris strlinq quartet introrlrice d? irп<l[]tег. }'аmе cauglrI rvith hinr jrrst bofore his life was ilчсr, ,but
(i
lYlio iIrfluenced lris strirrg aiLrr 1liano clrraгLets? rylrcrr it did, it was througil поп0 of his cloing ог seeking. F[is mtt-
{0. lVhеrе did ire livc аftсr ieavirrg Oxford? _чiс, written sоmе fourty years еаrliеr, Was Ьфiппiпg to*get lrear:tl,
1{. Wlrat did l,ire corlrposer сгеаt,е in i925? and getting !еаrd, it was beginning to gather acco'iatlei All ttris
12, Where did Wаltrэli serye duгirrg lYогld War II1) rnattered little,to ]rim. Не still avoidediinteгviewers, p}rotograp-
13. Wtrat did lrc compose during \Yоrld Wаг iI? itеrs, newspapelTnen al-tcl organizatiolrs еаgеr to hо,rой lrini I{e
14. \Vliat rnotioIt 1эiс[tiгоs clid he writе music iог? tlverl refused to attend_ регfоrшапсеs of hii wогks. IIe rvils comp-
,li
t.). W]rat orrbstanctlrrg composiLions Ьу WaitoIL арреагсtl alter ietely iпdi{fегепt to the Prrlitzet Prize in musiс lэestolved upolr
tlre \Vаг? lrim in 1947 for his Tlrird Sушрhопу. IIе remairrecl а rесlusе to
16. Wlrerr was iie lirriglt|cc[i) thе,чегУ end, dying in а hospital in Nеч, York City orr l'Iay 19,
)g54.

. lv. ,tllERtCAN coMPoslllts


iconoclasm -- лrкотtобоо.r"I"'ulпl};'
CltAltLlIS I\IES herit,age нас.тIедLIе
- J,IcKaTb
" rrрелрасс},,l(калIlI

1IS7zl - ltrJ4) see]< оut


irtsurancB- clpr:l< стllл\ппой '.tlртr,,
ivcs ц'аs Ь(]гll {)ll tr('tiit)l,r -iJ. l,)r,I. ,ll tr,l;!l/lll \. u{,llrIt,]r,l,tclrt, strpplement -
/{ополненIIе
rnttsical ico,tloclltsltt wits it lIC1,1tilge Ir0lIl а t'cIllal,,l(ulJlU tilLltUt -
-
1,1ts рагt-timе - неполllылi рабочtrлi леllь
Gеогgе I. Ives, banclnrasteГ of t}re First Colrnecticttt }iavy Агtil- sаlаrу заработlrая плilта
lегу itrrring tlre civii wаг. iгIrе оldег olre of tile Ives rviis also one rе[аiп - сохраIIять
to seelt out nerv lttiгizolrs {оr mlrsic. {-Ie rvas always охрегimеtr- mеrеlу - просто, тоJIько
tillg: пол' rt,ith, lcor-rstics, norv everr rvitlr а S1l51gm of qлаltеr to- -
o}эliviotrs забывчпвылi, рассе-шltltrллi
,r"s] I{e 1iad lris songsitrg KSwatree Riчеrл in опе lrey wlrile lte lrim- obscuritv - ЕеизвестIIостI)
self played tlre accompinimerrt in arr opposing Lorr_ality, iIr orrltlr accolade - NIуз. аккола/\а
to tгiiп the lэoy's еагs 1о ,rеlм sound relationslrips. I-Ie was Сhаrlе's
first'tcac]rer. дftе. tlrat Ives studied the оrgап with 1Iеrrгу Rоmе
t bestow
-
avoid ,] rtзбегать, стороIJиться
- дарить, давать
Slrelley, antl during the forrr уеаrs he atterided _Yale, frоm t894 reclttse
- затворник
to 1В9"8' lre сопtiпйd his muJiс sttrdy th,еге with Floratio Раrlсеr {
and Duclley Buck. While stii] at Yale, Ives played the organ Апsrчеr the questiolts:
in c]rurchej ancl clict sоmе composing. Дftеr receiving lris ВасhеIоr ь
of дrts degree, lrc lven'l Lo rчогlс as аъ insurance сlеrlt in Iýew Yогk ll,
t. whclr alrd rvlrere was Ives bortt?
City, supplementing liis saiary Ь1, scгvitlg аsлалрагL-iiше оr- '[: was lris fatirer а nrtrsiciaIr?
guoiit at ihe Centra'j. РrеsЬуtеriiп Cirurch. ,In t906 hе fоuпdеd } о. }Iow was Сlrагlеs experimenting?

9о I
зg

t_
"'

During Worid Wаr II lre served in the Offico of Wаr Iпfоr-


\

4. \VJronr cliti tre stuLlу Ltre oTgarr rvibh?


mапу уеаrs aia i,e аttепd Yale? -";;-l; Nervсhаrgе of shоrtчrаче broadcasts of nrшsic;. Не died iп
5. FIorM
Yolk, оп Decembef t{, t965
О. nit lre pliy the оrgаlr in clrurclres? ýhady,
7. Wlrеrе c]id lre.'orir"o'ti*,ЬЪ"l"i"g'his Ваоllеlог of L\rLs сlеgгое?
8. WlraL fiгш itid lre forrlrtl iri l1]06? VосаЬuIагу:
б. tvt ot compositions \Yеге lris lirst published rчогlts?
rO. rVo' Ives iamo,,s ilLrгirrg ]ris lifetime? recital - лекламацпя; сольшый копцерт
l l . \VlraL ргizс did lrc гесеiчс irr l9/r7? corT реII RIilII}}IiIдть
-'
12. Wlren dicl Ives dic? a,barr don
- отказывilться
affol,d
- позволять себе
secortd-hand - подержаrrый
tIENRy co\YELL аdчепtuге приклюIIепIIо
-
(1897-1965) clusler гроз.щь1 IIучок
applied- music - прIIкладная ;!Iузыка
Corvell rvas ьоrп irr N{errlo рагk, Calilorttia, oTr N[arclr,
11,
гiоt - бунт, бесшорядок
1s9i. ý;;ау oi tt u violirr began wlren he lvirs five, and Lwo уеаrs annihilate
аftег tlrat t e арреаrЬа in a-sorra[a recital, Compellerl time tre
Ьу. illnes
sсIrоlаг
- уничтолtать, упразднять
io-^b^"J"" the'violln lte turпесl to composition. Ву tlrepiano otl rеgаrd
- уT еньтй
*]u, tо.,.[е"п, lre could аffоrtl to Ьuу а secotrd-ltatrd
- уважать
researc}r паучное лIсследова}Iuе
riiriclr lle begall ..rporin,l.,,,tirrg ivitl.rbw sot,l,r.ls. iп lris l'ir.sL сlшs-
piano
adjuncL
- помощник
niece кдtlчепtul,с in iГп,]йопй, lrc аIгеаdу began rrsing 1опс -
Ье in clrarge - быть OTBeTсTBeIIHЬIIII аа что-лrtбо
i;;;-or. .;;.";claI harmorries.- Tlris arrd оt}rеr coпrpositionS wlren shоrtrчаче L на KopoTKlIx во.цЕах
wеrе
i,йJ"t trre San FгапsйЬ il,I.,ri"ul Club'bn }Iагсh 11, 1912,
--- made ]ris dеЬu| as а pianist-conrposer,
he Апsrчеr tlrc questiorrs:
рЪir-lь,,.ъ аrr,1 а halt l,ears, Беgiппiпg rv]terr lre
ivas seventeen,
Corvell atterrdecl ,""ri" ъlu.rь, оi ttr. Uriiversity _of Califorrria {. wlren'and lvhere rvas corvell Ьоrп?
lvas Сlrагlеs Sееgеr., !-ollo- At what ago did he begin to studулчiоliп?
lчhеге itis mоs[ significant iпfluедсе 9
of mоrе tlran а year,_ duгiпg which lre was Wlrcn did-]rc turп ,to composition?
i"i;;;-^; i,.tе.гпрtЙп
I]ow old was Corvell rvhen ]re corrld buy а second-lrantt
t].
Lwo addi-
hатrсlmаstеr irr tlre А;,;у -;it oilVol.ta Wаr I, Cowell ýр_е_пt. 4.
;t;;;T-й;r ot ,t,,ay i1,. Institцte ot дррIiеd i\,ltlsic in Nerv piarro?
')-..r,
^ "-ЁЬпч.uо
]i,. 5. What was lris first piarlo-piece?
t923 arrcl 19З3, Colyell tоuгеd Arnerica al]{ J]ttr"9ге D. Wlren did the сошроsег mа]rе lris. debut?
with регfоrlпапсеs "l LБ avant-gaт,l". piu,o,j]},:y-. ::ll'*:"flll 7. What did Cowetl attend {оr three and а lralf уеаrs?
Бritiсiim J,* i.,r1:":it д:l*:l,ч ,в.
llIDPIr9u ;;i;';;;'o,*iЪlrotlng
i;.;iJ;' rrvUJ -^^- What was his most significant influence?
сошроSегS апd musi i;;];.l,оtо,Б lo"tuding Bartok and Sclroen-
.l__ л__r:...,l+лl },im tn 9. where did lre ýегче during worid wаr II?
Ъ;;:";;йа.а Co,ubrl,s влmttsiс r t0. Wlrat did Cowell do between t923 and t935?
й ;;;;." " ;; ; " 1рз0 а x,t iil"iДliT*
s9l1одs]
]'].1-::
Жr..-. ;;.
Й ;;;;й;i;;i
;i 1!j12
9T:l, *J "::,1
ал,гl;
7L. Horv did Ваrtбk апф Sc-lroenberg rеgаrd lrim?
iffii;iffi s йdiеs of N_on_ Е rr rо р е an
tot|
of .1п
the Near
12. What did Cowell study between 1930 antl t932?
mitive musiс. 1,ot., i"Ъйъ,,",uu,"bed in the music 13. Did he rеsеаiсh in the шusiс of Nеgr East?
.

йr; ,rr;тйаrь в".т ^na it.апdorient. Fгоm 1932 on and for the
coIlcerts of new milsic
14, Wlrеrе did he lесtрrе frоm 1932 оп?
i'.ri'tirl.ty y.ur., ь" й"irоеd presented 15. Did he рrоsепt concerts of пеw music?
at tlie Nerv Scliool tЬrЪ".iлr-ПеsЬurсl, in Nerv
Yогlr; from 19119 16. When Oia Пе wоrk at Columbia lJniversity?
to 1965 lre \YaS "a:""с'i ргоfеssоr of mtlsic arL Columhia |7. Whеге dirl Cowell serve during World Wаr Itr?
University. {8. Whед did tlre сошроsег dio? :

,_.,4l
40.i.
-l l
YосаЬuIаrу:
subscc1 Ltc;rtly -- l}доследстIJLII,I
foгL]lcolll irrg
tIreIC,{s - дIjедстоящrIii
lrсу,голI rtлtыii
stlslain - IIоддернillваl]ь
- of *
oll J-rL'ha,lf от IIlltj]IIt
1lromote ._ содействоllатL
ulliапсе соIоз
cxecuLiтe- I1cпoJI}IIITe.,rbTrыii (комитет)
lffiliate -_- присоединеJIше

Аrtsrчег tlre questions: CoNTENTs


t. Wlreri and wlrere was Coplancl Ьоrп? Iri | гodrrcLiolt
2. I{orv
, Wlrat old was hе wlren lte Ьеgап to sltrt] _у rrrusic?
sclrool of music did hБ attend itr"1,.гапсе?
t С Jr а р
l. 'f,"
М. Clinka.
j;. Russian cornposers
---lrvulrё
4. W]rеrе did he take ргiчаtе lessons in composition? г 2. м. цIussоrdkу . . :
il, N. Лimsky"-Kb."n1.ou ::: .
4
5. when did copland геtuгп to the united stites? (j

6. wlren.was lris sушрhопу for Оrgап ацd огсlrеstrа


t
4. А. Вогоdiп 9
ittt''oclucecl?
r
J. д. t ilazunov {t
7, ч_чаs tllls symphony
реrfоrmеd in Boston? 6. S, llаkhmапiлоч ,13

8. lJid ()орlапd tour tlre Soviet Union? 15


(]
Wlrсгс did lre rTorlr frоm 1940 to 1965? {6
r ] l. Soviel t.оmроsеrs
.1в
10. Wha[ сопсеrts did the conrposer organize С lr а 1l t, е
in Nerv Yоr.]<? D. ShostakoviLclr :-:".-
it. WlraI docs Coplarrd ргораgiпdizо й i.ь-йrr, ,rj?.ti.rori
l,.
2, S. Ргоltоfiоч
3. Ar '
Кhасlrаtuгуап .
20
22
C.lra р
LJST оt'LtTEltATUltЕ: I. ' f,] ,j,1l;.ff,itish
eolrrposeI,s

Jlrtsr,rtrv Nt,rvs.
, В..ЕIgаг....
э Tippet-. - " 26
. ::::.'
( ]rllltlt,tl arrd Lil'e.
l,il.t,,y,,irrllctliit IЗriLallrrica, 1948.
4. В. BriLioll
9:,jIL'!.,],,.,...
5. Vaugban
.:
\Yilliam.s ..: ., : ' .
29
зt
JJ
lli:;llrl,y r.lf [lussiatr SovieI Music. 8. \Villiam Waltolt
}r,rrttritгclt, Lhe Пussian 0рсrа. - . . . . . ., . 35
Chapt, я,. JV. Alllerican eorllposels
.
36
l l;r lil;r дl<i,is. il{eetirlss rvitJr
Tclrai'ovsk5r, NovosLi Pross Аgепсу t.
|'rr lrl islrillд; I-Iouse.
, Сhаг]оs Irrоо
Непгу Cowell
,,\ t l, l.r,sl,ivrtls, 1964, il,Iоsсоrг.
Iltlzlriltlr дrlgeIska.
,, Gеогgс Gсгshwiп
38
40
1). ( )lr N,l rrsitlal
Life irr Bгitain_ 4. Асrоп Copland 42
l)irvirl llrt,cn, Tlre \Yоrid о{ ХХ Селturу Lisi
,

1(). of I i tеrа Lurе 43


colrtents 41l
45