Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 158

NEW EDITION

first certificate

Sally Burgess
with Richard Acklam

II

Contents
Introduction Exam overview to the Exam Maximise,.

p4

p.s

NIT

s
p.35 p.36 p.37 p38 p 38 p.39 p39
pAD key word trensformaticns

UNIT
Vocabulary:
Reading: Listening: Writing:

.1
wived Paper 3, Pari 2
matching Paper 1, Part 4 multiple gap fill

Grammar: reported statements Grammar: reported questions.


Grammar:

p7 p.8

Word formation:

Paper 3, Part 5
Pape-r 4, Part 2 letter Paper 2, Pan 1

o.s
p 10
p.l1

transactional vocabulary: feelings


Grammar: questions

Speaking: Interacting

Paper 5, all parts

p.12 pl2 p.13

Paper 3, Part 3 Grammar: error correction Paper 3, Part 4 Vocabulary: love end marnaqe Listening: multiple choice Paper 4, Part 1 Writing: background reading texts Paper 2, Pari 2 Reading: multiple choice Paper 1, Part 2

II NIT
Vocabulary:

2
multiple choice doze Paper 1, Part 3 Paper 4, Pert 2

UN I T
Grammar: Listening: Grammar: Vocabulary: Vocabulary: Speaking: Writing: Reading:

6
gerunds key word multiple education short responses matchillg and infinitives

p4~
p.43

Paper 3, Part 1 Reading: gapped text Listening: Word vocebulery: Speaking: Grammar: Writing: note taking formation:

p.14 p.lS p16


p,16

note taking:

Paper 4, Part 2

transformations

Paper 3, Pari 3 choice doze Paper 3, Part 1

p43 p.44 p45 p.45 p.4D pAS

Paper 3. Pari 5

jobs/employment priOritising Paper 5. P.;Ht 3 present tenses transactionalletter Paper 2, Part 1

p.17 p18 p.19 p.20

Paper 5, Pan 1 Peper 1, Pert I

decurswe multiple

Paper 2, Part 2

UNIT
Vocabulary: Listening: Reading: Word Writing: Grammar:

.1
describing multiple multiple making choice people Paper 4, Part 3 Paper 1, Part 2 matching

UNI
p.21 p.21 p.21 p.24
p.24 Grammar: Listening:

7
error correction selecting and

Paper

Paper 3, Part 4 4, Part 4 open cloze

Vocabulary: Vocabulary

entertainment grammar:

p.49 p49 p.50 p.50 p.51 p.52 p.54 p.55

formation: transactional

Paper 3. Part 5 comparisons letter

Paper 2. Part 1

p.26

Paper 3, Part 2 Grammar: Present Perfect Writing: report

Ul\IT
Reading: Grammar: Vocabulary: Listening:

4
multiple- matching Paper 1, Part 1

Paper 2. Part 2 4

lik.e

P(lrt 3 phrasat verbs (take) matching Paper 4, Part 3

Paper 3.

multiple

Writing: narrative Paper 2, Part 2 Vocabulary and grammar: open (laze Paper 3, Part 2 Speaking: picture prompts Paper 5, Part 2

p.28 p.30 p3l p.31 P 32 p.33 p.34

Reading: Speaking:

multiple choice Paper 1. Part 2 opinion excbanqe Paper 5, Part

l_;N IT
listening: Vocabulary: Grammar:

8
morupte clothes used tolwould matching Paper 4, P.;Ht 3

Paper 2. P.art 2 Writing: description vocabulery and grammar: open doze Paper 3, Part 2

p.S6 p.56 p.17 p.SS p.59

Reading:

pepped problem

text

Paper 1. Pi;lrl3

Word

formation:

Paper

3, Part 5
Paper

Speaking: Grammar: Grammar:

solvmq

5,

Part

canlcouldlmay/might

p.60 p61 P 61 p.62 p.62

Grammar: Grammar: Reading: Vocabulary: Listening:

error

fuwe to/don'r hav~ lo/mu5tlneed correctron Paper 3. Part 4


malching matching Paper I, Part 4 Paper 4, Part 3 Pari media

p.86 p.87 p.S8 p.B9 p.90 p.90

multiple

key word trensforrnanons

multiple

Paper 3, Part 3

Word

formation:

Paper 3,

UNl T

9
choice

UNIT13
doze
p.63 /uncountsbles Paper Vocabulary:

vocabulary: multiple
Paper 3, Part 1 Grammar: countables note

animals
problem and solving Paper

p.91

Speaking:
Grammar: Vocabulary Vocabulary: Wri1ing:

5,

Part

p.92
p.92

tlstenlnq:
Speaking: Grammar: Vocabulary: Reading:

taking

4,

Part

2
Part

plannilig

Paper 5,

Part

error correction multiple m.;ltching

Paper

3 3.

phrasal verbs. (pur) Paper

1, Part 4

p.64 p.64 p.65 p.6S p.66 p66


p.68 p68

conditionals.
grammar:

open

doze p_93 p.94 Part

Paper 3, Part 2
places

Gremmar: future forms Vocabulary: shopping

describing places Paper 2, Grammar: key word transformations. Paper 3, Pari 3


gap fill muttiple Paper 4, Part 2 matching Reading:

p.94 c 96
p.96 p.97

Listening:

Writing:

letter

of sppjcatlon

Paper

2,

Part 2

p69

Paper 1, Part 1

UN I T
Vocabulary: Reading: Grammar: Vocabulary: Writing: Listening:

10
do/make p.70

UNIT
Vocabulary:

14
crime
multiple choice Paper p.98

multiple relative

choice

Paper 1,

Part

p.70
p.72

Reading:
Grammar: Vocabulary: Writing: Vocabulary: Listening: Speaking: Grammar:

l, Part 2

dausevpronouns

make/fer/allow phrasal verbs (make) narrative> multiple multiple opinion Paper 2, Part 2 choice cloze

p.98 p.100

money multiple choice

discursive

Peper 2. Part 2 Paper 4,

Part

p.73 p 74 p.75
p,76 p76

e.ioo
P 101 p.102

vocabulary: numbers Speaking: prionusinq

Paper 3, Pari 2 choice Paper 4, Pan 1 Paper 5, Pert 4

Paper 5, Part 3

UI\ l T
Writ~n9:

11
Paper 2. i,

passives

103 p.l03 p.104

Reading:
Grammar:

transactionalletter gapped text Paper


weather the article and

Part 1

Part 3

p.77 p.78
p.79

UNIT15
Grammar:
Grammar: hypothetical
(0

Vocabulary:

meaning

p.105 p.106 P P

p.79
open

Spea~ ing: Paper 5. Grammar:

Vocabulary
Grammar: Grammar: Speaking:

grammar:

doze
p8D (past) p.80 p.81

air pans h.ave something done


Peper 3. Part 4

Paper 3, Part 2 medals of deductlcrvcriticem key word picture transformations Paper 5. Part 2 4. Part 4

error correction

Paper 3, Pan 3 prompts

p.82

Reading: gapped text Paper 1. Part 3 vocabulary: spoken and written ~anguage Listening: selecnnq Paper 4, Part 4 Writing: discursive Paper 2, Part Z

107 108 p.IOS p.110

c.uo
p.ll1

vcrabutary:
Listening:

problems/disasters

p.83
p.S3

selecting

Paper

PRACTICE ANSWER

EXAlvl KEY

p.112
p.129

UN
Writing:

12
opinion Paper 5,

Speaking:

Part

p.84
p.84 p.85

li{1king e):pre:s.~ioflS-

Writing: discursive Paper 2, Part 2 Grammar: modifiers/intensifiers Vocabulary: phrasal verbs

p.86
p86

(geO

Introduction to the Exam Maximiser


What is the First Certificate Exam Max;m;ser?
The Firs! CerfifictHi.' designed to maximise in Gold Exam MoJ.'rmi5f>f stud-ents' chance'>

Gold
is 5peoally

Who is the First Certificate Gold Exam Maximiser for and how <an it be used?
The Exam MllximisE!f1$ stud-ents in
II

of success

tn the

extremely
01

llexible

and can be used bl'

FifSI Cenificale

~ngli~h examination.

I'ariety

suuatens

and in a ",,,ri-ell'.of ways

The Exam Maximiser offers:


f~rther grammar pra.(tice with a!1 the important and skills that you study in the vocabulal)',
fil$(

Here are some typical sltuetcns:

C!iY1ific a re

You are doin.g a First Certificate students planning probably

course

with other

Gold COlJrsebook the filers Certificate on the oepers and ouesnons in the First exam. The Exam OverViEW on page 6 g~ and

over an academic

year. You are all

to lake the exam at the same lime in or

vov are uSing the Ftrsf Cemfic;:l(e Gold Coorsebook oess. even though Sometimes you will also do the related

you mtormauoo all each ot the five papers stpp-b r-step guidanN' with the- Strategies recbmqees marks There ale also lOIS.of
Hot tips!

exercises

whole

Unit

from the Btam Ma~imi5l!f in class, from It at or on

you need to gel a good grade in the eX3m, IQ help you get extra

your teacher will ask you to do exereses You

home as well

Will

use the enure ~m

M;:Ixlmiser

you and your teacher Will use II sele<tM>ly, depending your needs ana the time available.

~.It,"m· ty/f' '"erdU!'~ so that you can practise using .


the techniques. sanlp(e dn~
"S

to exam questions, showing

YO(l

howe

already done a First Certiticate course

course end to prepare for

you Ihing~ ~ou sho1Jld try to do and things you should a\lOid doing in the exem. There ani! also

you are now dOing an mterswe the exam. as Since you have already waned Cel"/llkale
ta

wolcelteacher's
prQ cttce

correcnons

and examiner's

comments

well as sample enswees for you 10 grade

through

the First

with
_"heets

troJnsferring

rough work

Gold CQur5ebook or perhaps another just coursebcck. you Will use the Exam Maximiser with the First CefUficatf' Gold and highly

dnswer

used in the exam surprises.

This means that you

Certificate PriKllce

know eKilclly what 10 expect in each paper end that

In class This, together

there are no
help

unpleasant
uSI-ng

Exams, will gl\l'e you a concentrated

wit"

tmw- ~ffPf:tiwaly

focused short exam course in the' exam so You have a Ceruhcate


V&ry

that you can avoid the problem YOU run out of time complete sample CoorstmOOk

of losing marb because covers what you Gold This means that

snort period

in which

to take the First

exam which

exam.

have learnt while USing the First Certiftcaie

ano
exam

The level 01 your English IS already nearing Fl1st Cerutlcete exam standard. First Cernlicate skills. You willl}se practice
IfI

the Exam M.3)(lmiser

though

you have not been follOWing a YOl} now need


sxerrunsnon

yOI) know what It actually feels: like to do the First

Certmcete
Exams

coursebook.

You can then get fun her practice in Ihi~ the Firsr Certificate Gold Praaice

the Exam Maxlmiser a coursebook.

independently, them.

by working through

thai is 10 say without

because you need

the exam taSKS arid how to approach

You are re-Iaking uolonunately attempt

the Firs! Certificate

eXCim as in your

you were not successful

tnst

'rou may be hailing to re-take the exam because you were not SUfliClL?nUy ramili-ill wiLh the exam reqcsements. will not need to follow fi.:am Maximiser
iii

VOU ~nd

coorsebook.

but you will use the

to develop your exam techniques

build up your confidence.

You are preparing lor the exam on your own . • Perhaps you are in 13class where the reecber IS 1J51r'!Q the Firs! Certiflmfe Gold Cour:oebook class who ate not artually homework, takinq

as a

gener",1 English in your for Your

course. ThiS means there are prob<rblll students the exam

teacher will recommend us,eof the Exam Maximise( so thai everyone can revise and practise what they have lfiU'nt yourself additional

However. you can also use n on You (an give

your own to prepare for the exam

practice by uSing the Firs! Cenificale a F,rst Cenifcate ..:IliSS,but wi~h You by u$ing the Exam

Gold Practi(e £i@ms ivst before you take the exam . • You are not attending to take the exam and prepare for it iri;deperid~ntll'. Will gel the practice and preparation Mall/miser to use the Fim Cenificate

by itself. Near [he exam tjme jou mOl!!,wish Gold PfCKfice Exams as well

Exam overview
Paper
Paper 1

Name
Read~ng

Timing
1 hour 15 minutes

Content
4 long texts. or 3 long and 2 or more short texts: 35 re-ading comprehension questions. Part 1: compulsory leiter Pert 2: a choice of writing tasks

Test focus
Ouestions test your und@rstanding of the qeneral idea, the m13"1n points. specific details, the structure of the text and specific intormstion Ouestions test your ability to write letters. reports. articles enc compositions for specific audiences. Questions test your knowledge of grammar and vocabulary.

Paper

Writing

1 hour 30 minutes

Paper 3 Use of English

1 hour

15 minutes

5 sections with 65
questions altogether

focusing on grammar and vocabulary.


Paper 4 Listening

40 minutes (approximately)

2 longer recorded texts and 2. series.of short extracts: 30 hsteninq comprehension questions. A conversation divided into
four parts between two

Questions test your ability to understand the main idea, the main pomts, detail Dr specific intormetion.

Paper

Speaking

15 minutes fapprosirnetelyl

The four parts test your ability to exchange personal end factual information, to express your own opinions and anitud€-S and to find out about other people's. opinions and attitudes.

candidates and an
interlocutor. Another

examiner will be in the room with you 10 assess your performance.

NIT

1 A sense of adventure
Vocabulary: travel

®ii?].

Part

:>

About the exam In Paper3, Part 2 you fill in the qaps in a text

Strategy
Alwaysreed the whole text all the way through before you begin t_o_fil_Ii_"_th_"_;:g'-ap'-' -----'

1 Fill in the gaps in the following text with an eppropriate word or phrase from the box You do not need to use all of the

wo-os.

canoe trsvelhng liner


destination hire maps Laking off

missing trip
visit chec:l:.mg in departure sail travel

fly

catching

WeI!P_lff/!!

oDOtu'tf.e
the Amazon

First Certificate Gold Exam Maximiser!


Like (7) in the moumnlns. preparing difficult. for across alone lb.l"0Ugh the desert or an ocean or down easier. a river, When

Jl')lagine thut you are about to set cut on n nnther complicated but exciting journey. Perhaps you arc going to drive a jeep across (he Sahara desert. (t )....... . across the Pacific Ocean or travel down Naturally (3)................ plane or (4).... (5) whu have already need to consult to people will (6)...... with you. Preparing examination questions to answer to HIke First Certi llcutc You have 10 know is very like going whut the of in a (2) . for u journey
<I

PCE; 011

your own would

be very

But with a guide it is much

you arc travelling. like this of on a talk you your journey cbances (8). The First

a guide can help you make the you arc going. maxlrnlse TTl

you wi ~I prepare

mosl or your money and lime so lJlfll you enjoy nnd get to wherever help

\/cry thoroughly.

rt

is nQI just

question

at

:1Il

airport

and getting

other words a guide can


of travelling

you

your

a untn or bus. You will ... and atlases. been to the places what 10 take and decide

safely

and arriving

at your

. ..... on time. Cf'rll"/h'([/e Gold b."(lm Maxuntser is like

guide. It is designed

to help you Jearn everything of exam success. So and

you need hi kr10~1/to PilSS PCE, LIJother WDL"d~it masfmlses welcome safe (9) final destination. your chances aboard the ,.

011a journey.

First Certificate Gold E.wm


,. .. and that you reach your wi(h absolutely
{llC

will be like and what kinds you will be asked. the various 10 avoid. kinds of questions

Maximiser.
and

We hope you have an enjoyable

You need to learn how

welt

FeE,

everything

w haL dangers

you need LQdo really

well in

exam

UNIT

sense

01 adventure

Travel Games
groups of words relate to ships, but there is one word or that does not belong. Cirde this which

ADDING
ptayer picks

UP
a number

Each

2 phrase word

The following
10

trains. planes. cars or buses.


each group and the other

or phrase

then write
words wheel

type of

transport
fXAMPU:

relate to

a steering

brakes a boot

<@
1 a dual carriageway the fast lane 2 a cruise a platform a lay-by a flight a lifeboat a liner

a guard
4

port

platform

a track off

to check in

a slngl€ lounge

a departure a parking a saatbelt


6

to

take

meter

a driving
inspector CI

test

an

an inspector a steward
a cabin

a stop

fare
a deck

a seatbelt

a cruise

Learner training
When you learn new words, put them into oil

categories, for example 1fansport: ships; cars; planes. Later, think of a cateqory and write down the words you can remember.

r Paper

Reading: multiple matching


" Part 4

:>

Then

Strategy Read the text through quickly to get a general study the questions. Read the text Qgoin unoerlme the relevant rnformancn in €ilch
paragraph.

I Long car journeys can be pretty boring - especially if you are using motorways. Before too long everyone is fighllng over what cassette 10 put on or what radio station to lislen to - Dad wants Ihe football, Mum wants Ihe classical music station, someone else wants heavy 10 metal and nobody can agree. One way to get over this problem is 10 play some kind of game as you are driving ~IOrlg The following trevel games might be JUS!the thing when tempers are geftil"lg h!ll"ed or when you simply want to have some fun. A OBSERVATION 10 With your partners, make a list 01 ten aems you are likely 10 see cot 01 the wncow on your journey such as a woman with a pram, a boy on a brcycte, somebody hilChhlklng, a bank, a statue. etc. Each player has to try and spot the ten items first. When a player sees one 01 the obje<:ls, he or she shoots out 30 and claims il: ~ cannot be used by other players. The one 10 spol art Ihe items first islhe winner. B CRAZY STORIES Each player lakes it in turn 10 be the srorv-tejer, During the story he or she will make the occasional deliberate mistake which l(1e other players w~1l 1\C1have 10 Ify and spot. When thev do, th-ey must shout cur and the first one 10 shout gels a polra. An example of a mistake would be: 'I went to the toomal! p.ilch and had a game 01 gotl. While I was there I met a little girl who was my nephew.' There are two mistakes here as yOI.J do not play golf on a football pitch and 50 she was his niece, not his nephew. Now you have a go.

between 10 and 20. The oblect of the game is 10 find car number plates which add up to your chosen n1.lmbeL FQr example. if you chose the number 17 then a number plate 60 of F458 GHU would be a success. However a number plate of 0981 SYT would be 01 no use 10 you The lusl playel to spot nis or her number wins the round. Every-one chooses another number and the game begins aqafn. Continue tmlil one p'ayer has. won three rouncs. 0 AN IMAL~ to VEGETABLE OR MtNERAL? One Dlayer has 10 lhjnk of an Object, but ~II-he or she tells Ihe others is whemer il is animal, vlOIgetble, or mineral. Mineral a can be used lor art o"bJa.-:ts which are not animal or vegetable. For e:o:ample,a horse or an egg would be animal. A 80 tomato or a loat 01 bread would be vegetable. A diamond ring would be mineral. The other players have to Iry and find out what the objecl is by asking qu€slions which !he player is only allowed 10 answer wllh a 'Yes' or 'No'. If you Ihio~ you know what the object is, you can ask a question like: 'Is." a 00 horse?'. I~lhe answer i$ 'yes-, you win. If no one has guessed the objec~ aUer20 queslions, the person who thouqnt 011118 object wins E I WENT ON A TRIP One player b69!ns. 'I weot o-na trip ami took a lishing ner. The nsxt ptayer ~OIyS,·1went On a trip andtook a fishing nel and 100 "W bowler hal'. The next in turn says, 'I wenl 00 a hip and I took a fishing net, my bowler hat and a bvcket and epece,' Tt"le game continues until one of me play'e,!Sforgets something on the li~_... Sl<lrt again with a new list •

idea. and

Read lhe text opposite


Which journey? of the games would

through

once quickly

\{OU like to play on a long

from

Tr-!lvm

Game:;:

by

lynn Gucsi

Now read the followmg questions end write the appropriate letter for each game in the gaps_ SOme gam€!sare used more than once. The first two questions have been answered for you. Look at the notes before you answer the other questions.
Which gClme:

The following sentences all come from the listening exercise on page 14 in the Fif5( Certificate Go(d Coursebook Look at the underlined words in each sentence and decide whether they ere adjectives, adverbs, nouns or verbs. 1 And so began two hours. and forty minutes of .d.!s.b..eli.ef {.. l'1ou/,!. .I, rear and finally horror For the 2,300 passengers of the 'unsjnkal;llif
{..Jjdjii~{I{~ .. ) Titanic

'.... ould be best for people who enjoy guessing g.ames? 1.0 Notes: rhe reteVdr'lt inform<?ltion for this qUEStion '-5 ifl /)n~84. It Xi}'S the- pl/rpose of the gamf;' j~ to 'find out w~t (he ouea is'. 'Find out' means arm05r rhe same Illing as 'guess'. {Quid only be 2 ... L.
the important Informalion m)mber plates' in line 55. played

2 For that was all the time that it took for the biggest and ~ ( ... ", ..... ,,) safest liner in the world to sink beneath the icy waters of the- North Atlantic The myth of the Titanic's unsmkabjlity was only aile
otar'1~( )~

If yQUwere travelling by car?


heff'

Notes:

i~ 'find

car

(...

) of human errors

involveslistening very carefully?


3

could be played on a plane as well? 4.....


must

4 Although the Titanic struck the iceberg at 11.40 p.m., it was not I)nW five minutes. after midnight that the order was given, '~ ( ...) the lifeboats!'
5 In one of the last ~ ( ._ .> lifeboats to leave the Titanic stood Mrs Emily Richards, then twenty-four, and going off to JOll1 her husband In the USA.

6
than

be prayed by more be effective? 7 ..

two

players

to

6 The

sea was full of ~ bodies.

(...

) and

Word formation
Paper 3, Part 5

7 One of the st-eocest aspects. of this disaster W.;lS that it had been foreseen ill ~ (. ) derail in a novel published fourteen years earlier 8 The book, written by Morgan Robertson, toJd the story of the biggest and most 'uxuriou~ ( .) liner ever built

About the exam 10 Paper 3, Part 5 you lead a text with gaps. At the end of each line of the text ther!? IS a word in capitalletters You use thiS word to form a new word for each gap. __ ~ eeeeeee ....
Strategy

Before you try to fillin the gaps, decide whether the missing word is an adjective (e.q. beautifu/), an adverb (e.g. carefully), a noun (e_g information) or a verb (e.g. believe).

I S:~~~ ~~ Iexample. do you need the positive or the negative Iorm


Iof the
word in this sentence?

r Hot tip

:::tv~e~~ ~I~:;;t~~ee ::~~~:%need a


-------,

I~i~·~~~~·~f··ih~I:~I~~g~~~~~~)flISSed the fits! ten I L.. -----.J

Now fiU in the qaps in the- ~onowlng sentences. with the correct form of the word in ceorters. Decide what part of speech to U5~ and whether you need CI positive or a neqatlve word.
I ThejocalpeqolP.jjr.e~~ .. unfr.(f;lI.d1y and otter, seem to went to avoid the tounsts. {FR'END) Notes: the missing word is an Qdjective. You know 1/)1$ becease 'are' and 'rarher' come before it. The idea of tile senterce is negative

1 Read the followmg instructions and notes.and then mark. the statements below T (true), 'F (farse) or?
(don't know).

listen to a young traveller giving a report on a place sne vrs!ceo': Matc" the numbered phrases ill Column A with a word or phrase 11"1 Column 8 Write the appropriate letter in the gaps. 'there are two extra items in Column B which you do nat need to use.
Reporter:

Diane Pilgrim
A to Gczc by

Destination:

60;;:0,

MalIa

2 It"s no use getting ... just because there's a long Queue to check in. (PATIENT) 3
The man in the tourist

Column
To

She gal

information office was very and gave us lots of free maps and
it

explore {he island she

brochures.

(HELP)

3 There is an old castle on the island that is used


4 Marsalforn. Ramla bay

4 They decided to close the hotel because never been very "'"..... (PROFIT)

had

and San B'as bay

are best for 5 The church in Jspinu has been used Column
b) B

5 We had lovely weather the-whole time we were there (SUN) 6 Don't the cost 01 hotel accommodation when you plan your next hohoay (ESTIMATE) 7 A dishonest waiter tned to our meal. (CHARGE)
.. us for

a) as a disco plane and ferry. a film.


c) m

d) swimming e) lured a moped.


f) g)

8 Take an umbrella if you go in autumn as it is very to rain. (UKE) 9 there ate ... people in mO:;1of the worfd's big dues nowadays. (HOME)
10 there were

wster-skiinq. restaurants

Statements
t

The satan park. was a bit of a too few animals. (APPOINT)

3S

You will hear more than one person speaking on the cassette. You will hear somebody telling a story.
'Q',

Listening:

gap fill

I Paper

4,_Part

<~ ->

3 You only have to write in the letters 'b', 'c', etc

4 The speaker will give her opiraon about the place. lt would be a good Idea to listen carefully for words for types- of transport and the places mentioned. 2 Now hsten to the cassette end do the exercise.

About the exam In Paper 4, Part 2 you listen to a talk or conversation and complete short sentences with a WOrd or phrase

Strategy Always spend at least 45 seconds look.ing carefully at the instructions alld questions before you listen

10

".";'T I

Asense cr adveonrre

Writing: transactional letter


Paper 21 Part 1 About the exam Part 1 of Paper 215 compulsory. There is no choice. You always wnte a letter 10 ask for or give information of some kind

Strategy Always read the instructions carefully and decide what kmd of letter you are supposed to write, Formal or informal? To a friend or to someone you
don't know?

2
1 Look at

A formal

feller is a letter you write or don't

to someone

this task arid the underlined words. Will your answer be formal Dr informal?

you don't know

know very well, especially

companies and institutions. An informal leiter is the kind of letter you write 10 friends, members. of your family and other people you know well. WhICh of the followin.g phrases arid sentences would you expect 10 lind in a formal ~elter? Which would you expect to
lind in an informellerter? Mark them F (formal) Of

Some y.oUOQ pepple you met planning 10 visH your country

last summgr are on holiday and have asked you 10-suggest some places 01 interest to see. Write a letter of reply using the notes below.
- when? -how long?

I (informall. I Dear Sir/Madam,

- come and 6tay? Now look at thiS plan for the above task and put [he points in a logical order. Write the numbers
1-7
In

the gaps,

ymtl1exlWeek.lc2b1i1ardtYh'{)fit! to rece
i

.J

4 I look forward your reply.

vi.nc

5 ~,,"r5.fait~jt.IP!f'
AM ~al'da Herrera. 6 1 am writing in reply to your let. ter of 15 May. 7 Give my love to your parents
B Should you require a.ny fu r-cher-

ApoIClfJise fiJr,.,t replyi"g sooaer. b) 7h~l1k Hlem -{by#teir letter. -_ .. oJ Ask when #ley will be c_il1g .,." OJ rd/>'Iwn tv _ife "'iPil1 ". eJ Jirvife {hem to smy for" f'ew daY'" " 'f}gesf plae&;"" vf,;it /illings m do. gJ SPy why y"" haven't replied sooner: '
Think of ideas: a reason far not replying; places to vert: things they m~ght enjoy domg and seeing. rs there a particularly good time of year to visit these places?' What can your friends do there)

information, do not hesitate to contact us at the above address.

4 Wnte

your letter In 120-180 words.

10 I'm sorry I haven't written tor such a long time, but I've been really busy,
11

Check it carefully for any grammar, spelling or vocabulary mistakes your teacher has corrected In your written work before If necessary, write your letter out again, Strategy Read the instructlcns very careful'y, write a plan, think 01 ideas .and check your work thoroughly.

1..... 'ee. lV\ost 51'.:o.t'e~\ I( :jr.N. CC\1\J. ~e "J "w,6. '1"1'1'12. o.~,:j ~n+.e.(" reJ,elfa. ...t ,;.(;; <1.,1';,.-(1. ......

11

Vocabulary:
f
IS

feelings
words wrth a oefuution in the gaps. There letter

Learner training
Keep a rec~rd of mistakes you make in your writing (e.q. wtth -mgl-ed adjectives). Make sections in your n~tebook for Grammar mistakes. Vocabulary mistakes work and Spelling the correct mistakes you often and write make. in your

Match

(he following

?e1ow. W~ite the appropriate one deflnltion terrified

wtuch you do not need to use, ... ~. 5 nervous ..

f....
e 6. ...
I

examples of
for the

forms. Alw~ys check

2 confused 3 rnisereble
4 astonishing CI}

..

11......

K..

6 cross
7 8 depressing thrilled ..

mistakes

.. ~..

causinq anger or

impatience

Grammar:
7

questions
in

b) vel)' pleased c) d)

Or :}.;Itislied

Put the words Write

the

correct

order to make below and

making you '€leI very sad causing great surprise shock


might or fear happen or do worried about about what what

questions.

the sentences

out in your notebook.

Then match each Question to an answer write the eppropriete letter in the box

e) In a state of extreme

f')

people

how learn do new words!

g} uncertain h) unhappy' i)

to think

do what we have do to? you 4 5

tited and urnnterestsd

do. eqree

you don't? spare doing time your? go to this weekend?

angry, bad-tempered
2 Now look at with

do you like- in whal do you where want

n r
I]
l

1 I

this

letter a student

wrote Write

in the

why get you do nervous so? who you angry were with'

answer mistakes

to the writing

task on page '11 and find sil: in your notebook. 9 10

the form of adjectives.

sentences

out again correctly

what mean does 'miserable"


each you traoslete you drd cefininon are word write
(I

[
gOing to? of? []

2>lkJTL~ and Tifft, /m~/~t~btl~..ldnr~,,Jnd;


l'lIIf-~..£.ud~ aiJmd'"fl~1.<1...f;P'~

'cruise'

[J

a) The dictionary

says 'very He drives it from

unhappy'
crazy rome-times.

""""'

~e£u.

I;",j<..t

./wLn< II .... I _.,

bl
c)

My brother.

me

~".'·m/~I"""';r~· ;,.. -e. 71'? ~ ~

Yes. I copied By
finding

the dktronary to the cinema them while you hsten

1"",",~klwvp....tti""""'P~"'=
<>A<ll "'"""""
i/>W"&>£"'I

ok d.tlpht,Ad..k

.k..
Th.e tk

d) Playing basketball e)
(3

and going

y=bth."":1. y"" <Ulud abnd

are,_uy

wiU f1m-"s. I t...t~, k...t ~_"'_.J..d


Andhr
1),.,..

"*" ~
'"'"

~.rc,,;.;.t. """"Jed

v.-. wi:lh

~-"'#

_d<
..."".

good way of reccrdinq my phctoqraph

f) I have [0 describe g) I think h) I don't

I'd like to stay here. actually. know. Exams always rrtake me teet like this I don't ones

pi.......

of.t/um.""'"' ~ 10== h..",. earlj<.

0/'
~ II:' ·umrlh

i,
j)

No, I'm afraid

No, just the important

IJ"='pkoa.& vWi';' ZhI ~ M<M<>4(_....,edotd~= w.nderf"' ~=t~. vi"'7at=il1Un.of!fV""'~;r)u~

¥cudh. ~

~
m.I!

.h a;UU etdI~ed

(....z.th Me ~)u.a£.

wdl, / hM.6dUr~. ~,

Wn.'tB~

a,nd....{d

.h.nuu.r

~'1I""""rpIaA.t.=·

~
12

nxrr

A S!!I'15eof edventure

Fill in the gaps ill the following sentences with an epproprtate question tag Then match each question to en answer below and write the appropriate lette-r in the box
I

3 How many tourists visil your country each year?


like to know)

(I'd

You're Polish, .. , ...... ; .... ? .. 1 ?

4 Does this bus go to Oxford Street?' (I 5 Where is the tourist office'

wonder)

2 I've seen you somewhere before, 3 Janusz IS your older brother, 4 Your sister studies English. too, You went on
the

rr

(Could you tell me)

trip to Oxford, .

Janusz really enjoyed it,


7

n n
D
[J [l

0 D

6 Are

there aoy museums near here?

(00 you know)

He'd been there before, . You used to li\ll?in Germany, . You'll be at school tomorrow, .....

.1

7 What sre we supposed to do? telling me) she English or American?'

(Would

you mind

;
to

Is

(I don't know)

10 You wouldn't

know

Piccadilly,
a)

which "?

bus I

get

That's fight. He went a couple of years ago. think you get the number
14 it

Speaking: interacting
'Paper allparts:> >.
About fhe exam Paper 5 is a conversation between you and candidate and/or the tnterlocutocexemmer.

b) I c)

No, j didn't actually. I hear


you

was really good.


anothe

d) Yes. He wants to go again next weekend eJ Yes, l sm How did


I) Yes, g)

guess?

that's where

my

father's from.

Maybe You look slightly familiar, too. No, not any more. She's gone back \0 Poland.

h) Oh, so you're a friend of his, are you?


I)

Strategy In Paper 5 you have to answer questions, but you also have to ask them.

jl I'm afraid not. I'm taking my First Certificate

exam.
candidates doing Part 3 at Paper 5 have been asked to discuss suitable holidays for three families The candidates mak-e-four mistakes with questions. Find the mistakes.
Two
~YLVI~: t:AT~INA: SYLVIE:

!I

Now listen to the questions. Sam asks ebcve and check your answers. Does his voice go up Or down Oil the Question tags; Is he ti;lirly sure or not very sure that the information is correct?' Merk the tagsP(up) or\r(down). Then practise saying them yourself.
Write

indirect questions usrng the words given. to do?


(I

KATRINA:

I What am I going

don't know)

.!.~~~:~ ~~~:::,~. .k.M.,?~.


Why did she say that?

SYlVIE:

~~.~~if7~r~o. do.
(t wonder)

SYLVIE:

Are you ready to start? WhQt we have to do? Choose holidays for these three families. OK. Where you think would the Smith family like to go? J think the Channelislands would be good for them because there are sate beaches. and they have small children. Where we will send the- Jones family? Do you know when are they t~king their holiday? Probably in August like everyone else.

13

UN.lT

Work and play


2 Fill ,n the gaps In [he folloWlllg an appropriate word from the bo« ashamed s.atisfled
1 Don't ask of heights

Vocabulary: multiple choice cloze

I Paper!: Part

>

sentences with

About the exam


In Paper 3, Part I you choose- between four alte-rnatives to filj gaps in a text.

good responsible keen~t~",:::ri:::fie:.:d me


to drnb

proud

suspicous
_j

up there. I am

Strategy
Sometimes the COrrectalternative is .a word that goes with the word after the gap. Here is an example First Certificate Exam success ... _on adoptinq the right strategies. A consists B revolves C depends 0 results Alternative C is the correct choice because the verb depends is the only one that gQ4;>S with the prepositron Oft. The other verbs go with these prepositions: consIsts of, ff'volve;.; around, and
resu/rs in. 4

ln this house I am for making sure everyone helps with the washing·lIp. You must be very. well in the exammsticns
I was

........ of her tor doing SO With my results In the

not very

test
He

is not

on high risk sports.

The guard seemed to be of the museum viSitors and never took his eyes off them I think athletes who use drugs should be ... of themselves She speaks twe languQge:s., ut she is not V€ry b .... at mathematics. 3 Read the foJlowlng Job advertisement and' then choose the correct alternecve to riJl in the g.aps 1 A seekrng B looking A Interested I;l keen 3 A qualified B good 4 A keen B interested 5 A in charge B responsible 6 A capable B SUitable 7 A $peCla'~sed B satisfied
2 A Join

Always look at the words before and after the gap. They will help you choose the correct alternative

on, from,

Fill in the gaps in the following sentences of, for or ro.

with

1 At the beginning of my English class, I spent aqes searching. my favourite poe-no but j couldn't find It anywt1ere Eventually I borrowed one next to me. the girl sitting

WANTED
We are (i) ....... men :111d women We are (2)
HO

Young People
no .....

for Yllung

to work a" tour in


~

guide".

interviewing
at

young

people of ,Ill all will be them

However, I was stili worryinq about the pen and I couldn't concentrate the lesson properly. 4: When' got home I saw my brother using a pen that rerrunded me a lot ...... rrune. 5 'Don't use things that don't bejonq ..... I said, taking the pen. you!'

ftllliunalilic,<,.who ure OJ ...... ..._. ~ comnnmica.lin_g with people of


.. on Successful candidates

ilge" and (4)

(ravclling.
(5.) cticms
011 IOll~ (6)

II. the
uf
'lI1i~hed

........ for meellng our olrpon and escorting area. YOu will be for
[he

Ill';:

6 'And don't accuse methings I haven't dane!' he-sefd 'This is my peon.Mum bought it tor me this morning'

•• ".:... :... " ....... " ... "

9 belong

~;,;·'·;~~·r';;~'·;::I~·~'·(8')il.l I,~.::~~:~~c ..
~~.~~.i,~~ ..
[he

havc

job if YULI s.ccoml<uy schoo] alJ(~ have

14

A~soci<Hlon

Profcssionnt
prt:fei~1lCe

Tourist

Guit.lc~ wi IJ he given

l"K"tl':!

Work

aru:jplllY

Reading:

gapped text

Paper 1. Part 3

2 The follOWing sentences have been removed from the text below. Read the text and decide- which sentence goes In each ot the numbered gaps. A Since starting his new finn -lWnt-A-Cali _ Mr Benz has received hundreds of calls frcm potential clients.

About the exam


In Paper 1, Part 3 you look (It some sentences or peraqrephs that have been removed from a text. YOuread the text and decide where the sentences fit. There is always one extra sentence which you do not need to use.

Strategy
Look at words like pronouns ( e.g, it. ;;he) demonstratives ( ego {hiS, that) and possasslve ~die(_ti\les e.g. my, her) in the sentences that have ( been removed from the text and decide what they refer to. Read these paragraphs from the art.de 'Why do we risk in' (First Cenilicste Gold COUf5€'oook, page 8) and decide what the underlined words refer to. Write the word or phrase in the qaps
RISK SPORTS are one of the fastestgrowmg l,cLsure aCliviti(:s: Daredevils uy anytllllig from Q(ga_n,,,ed bungee jumps to illegul+y Jumping off huildlngs. These people never feel s~ alive ns when ~ are risking their lives. (~) . Som-e ~ny sports me wnk:;h,~
~~~~I ~~

One man wan led to be telephoned by a woman asking him out to the theatre in order to make his wire reel jealous.

'I'lais ide a came to him earlier this YC::.'lI' after noticing how many Germans have mobile phones - but that very few ever get caned on them.

Rent-A-Phonecall
Joachim Benz. a German businessman,

will telephone customers on their mobile phones when they want to talk about whatever they want. (1___) Mr Benz, who is twenty-nine, said, 'I t struck me that although the
reason for displaying these phones Waf;

to create all impression of being incredibly important and busy, there


was no point in having one if it never l'ill1.g:

LlWI

fCCiClil,S

thai people tod;IY crave adventure. 111 ~n ancmpt to guammee safety, our culture has climifl'ltcd risk. 'The world h:l1\. become <I bland lind safe place,' says Lewis. 'People used (0 be able to seck adventUre by hunting wild animale, Or tllkillg part ill expedition s, Now ~ turn 10 nsk sports <IS an escape.' (3) ..

~r; ;~j~.;; ~ ii~ ~. i~'g';~;:· ~~~


2 ~~

people \\"'0 do li~~ ugninst a ~odely feel has become dUll and

(l__j Most have been businessmen anxious to Impress colleagues or clients by having their mobile phone ringing at a vital moment in the negotiatjons Inquiries have also come from people wanting to put on an act fOT a new
boyfriend or &tirlfrieI1d. (3__j

from

The Age

newspaper

Risk spMIS howe a positive side us well. IIl£Y help people _10 ove,rtome fears 111l1.l affect them m their real lives. (4) " " This makes risk sports parllcularly veluabtc fur cJi.eclltive~ irl office jobs who need to stay alert so Ih:'ll ~ can cope when things go wrong (5) ..

15

l,"'NIT' 2

Woo.

and play

~ Listening: note taking

Word formation
!P_3.part5

About the exam In another type of exercise In Paper 4. Part 2 you listen and
complete Ilotes

The following sentences come from the interview with Meregan Turner. Look at the- underlined word in each sentence and decide if it is an adjective. ecverb or nOUr1. 1 I just couldn't believe that anything could be so ~
(.

L!X::se!

I DON'T write more than three I lour words irl note-rektnq

r Hot tip!

... ---,
01

.J

I I

2 II'S~ Were men ~

(...... (

..

) taken over my life. ) of you on the track] (.

4 But sometimes you get real ~.

Listen [0 an interview in which a woman talks about an unusual occupation and complete the following summary of what she

5 When I f.!.o.a!lt (... . ... l succeeded, he ~ (. ) turned into my wheels 6 I SUppose because he understands what it's actually like he's less likely to thinklt':s.~. I. .) 2 A sum.;. is added to the end of a word to chenqe it 10 another part of speech. Study the suffixes In itali(5 in the words In Exercise 1 and complete the following information. 1 If you add
.Iy

SO".

Occupation:

(l)

Relative with 'Same-occupation: (2) Compares racing to: Occasional reactions


from: (4) (3)

to adjectives like. you make adverbs.

........ or

If you drop the -e and add ........ to adjectives like hO$tiie-, you can make nouns. hostility 3 If you add ....... to verbs like protect that end in -rKt, you can make adjectives or nouns (eg. detect ...... ). 4 Ii you add -ces to nouns lik€' .. " you make adjectives

of

Reason for becoming a driver: (5) Father's attitude to her racing: (6) Boyfriend's attitude to her (aCing:
(7) ..

3 ThE;'ollowing €>xtractscome from the listening Unpopular jobs on f page 17 of the Fif3r Certificate Gold COI.If5ebook Read the extracts and then fill In the gaps with an appropriate form of the words In capitals at the end of each line PRIVATE INVESTIGATOR It can be quite a (1) ..... job and you can meet some really nasty types. , suppose it's not really very (2) ...... but some people don't like it much If they find out you've been spying on them ... - they car' get pretty (3) DEBT COLLECTOR I think It'Svery (4) .... that this kind of work has such a bad reputation. In fact, w~ all have to be-licensed and follow strict guidelines. The worst part about the job? Well, rve had several (5) ..... phone calls in the office .... What do I like most about it? ... lunch hours- probably 00, (6) ., I think it's the fact that there's lots of (7) ...... I'm certainly always busy. DANGER SURPRISE PLEASANT

Boyfriend's country of origin:

(8)

Location of boyfriend's hotel: (9) Circumstances in which she mel boyfrie-nd: {IO) .. .... .. In his hotel

FAIR

ABUSE SERIOUS VARY

16

U:-iIT2

WOIkandplay

Vocabulary:

jobs/employment

Mark wherE' the main stress falls in the followinq

jobs then check your answers. in the dictionary. Match the jobs. in Column A with e phrase from Column B. Be cereful' The word conductor has more than one meaning. Wrile the appropriate EXAMf'LE: commerdal

'artist 6' nightdub


7
1

letter

in the

1 debt
2

collector

bouncer

g'p'

social worker traffic

plastic/surgeon

3
4

warden

8 bus conductor 9
senior librarian editor

private Jnvesnoator

ta"

inspector

10 'oewspaper
in the grid below to match

find following

words

the has

been
Column A

given to

definitions. The first letter of each word help you. paid for professionaljob
forrnaliy

1 2
3

money

s...
10

1 Bouncers.
2 A traffiC warden 3 A stockbroker

announce

that

you are going

leave a
to Iry to

job a

.
of nme when workers stop work
So ..

period

get better 4 money makes

pay and conditions

II The conductor 5 Referees


6 An editor 7 A plumber

paid to a salesperson

for e-ach sele sllle

c. ..
because you are of money added

5
6

stop working an amount b.

old

r...

to your usual pay

usu-Clllybecause
7 8 9

you have

worked bare

8 The destmen 9 Nurses


Column B

dismiss

from a job

5 ... wel~ s . or

the ability to do something

ill doesn'l drive the bus. SIne collects the tares


b) prepares books and newspapers lid tor printing

person who is paid to work e.

for somebody

.a

company

1O

get money

by

working

e ...

(, are always leaving the

off our rubbish bin

d) buys end sells stocks and shares.


e) are always awarding penalties against Our team'

fJ keep troublemakers out of clubs or discotheques.


g)

checks that vehicles are n01 place. are 90i"9 on hospitals.

parked

in the wrong

h)

strike next month

over conditions

in

i)

is coming round bathroom.


violinist

{O

'ix the le..;lk;llg tap in the


and looking at the first

j) is. picking

up her baton

C8XH5 L0 NR 5 MNM0 T EUSMR ASFTI RGUBK NW HVE 5A LAR KIJXE EMP L0

K A P

Lie

C Z S E5 YIF55 YR0I I DEGG0 Y E E NtJ

PQ CC RK EC TX

50 DM KM ,R I

17

Il:"iIT2

WOl!:andp~y

Speaking:

collaborative

task

Now listen to Petra and Stefan Otg.;lrll and coruplete the following questions which they Ask each other. , nurses? 2 What shall we .... editors' 4 let's see .. 5 ..... before editors? to put them put dustmen after

Abo",t

the exam

In Paper 5, Part 3 you talk to the other candidate or the examiner about some pictures, maps or plans. Often you talk about putting things in order of pnonty Strategy Ask the other person what s/he thinks and say wh.:.ther you agree or disagree with wh-'lt $/he says..

L_______
~

r Hot tip! ---------,


• DON·r ake "!""'h'~' m

_ ___
)j
In

.J •

3 Listen once more and write down three words or phrases they use for agr~.:.ing and one word or phrase they use for disagreeing .

n'

Listen to SOmestudents doing a task Part 3 and look at the pictures.

Paper 5,

18

Grammar:

present tenses

1 Fill in the gaps In the following sentences with the correct Present Simple or Present Continuous form of the verbs. in brackets. Put the adverbs in the correct
position. 1," . ((rotllike) genilig up in the

2 Look at Column 6 in the jobs vocabulary on page 17 again and write the numbers of the sentence or sentences that: • are complaints about an irritating situation that OCCurS regularly_' ._... 2 • are explanations of the meaning of the word . 3 """"4 """""""" """""""" S 6 7 • is said by a radio announcer while watching what is happening on stage. 8 . • are statements about events that will dMinitely teke place in the future. 9 .... 10 .. 3. Now look at what urea an FCE candidate, said about the two photos he was asked to compare and contrast in Pan 2 of Paper 5_ Look at the photos and fill in the gaps With the correct Present Simple or Present Continuous form of the verbs in brackets. These two photographs show different places where people (1) (go) on holiday, In the first photograph there are people on a beach. Some of them (2) (sunbathe) and others (3) """"""" I,w;m)", (4) """" """"(walk) .along the beach. A big difference between the two photographs ISthat in the first one there are a lot of people, but in the second one I can only Seeone person. 1(5) , ,not know) if it is a man or a woman, but she or he (6) .. .. (ski) and seems to be completely alone in this beautiful landscape.
A

morning.
2 My brother and I .. ...

(have)

10 get up

quite early to get to school on time

3 Our father but on other days weschool bus

(sometime'S/drive) us,
(get) the

4 We almost .. . . (neverlget) to the bus stop on time and the bus .. ._., (tum) the (alway5lwair) when WF; corner. 5 The bus driller "' up and we ..... ..... (rell) us to hurry
.......... vump) on the bus.

6 We .... (not/go) to school next Monday because irs a holiday 7 Jnstead air the people from my class (mee;.tj in the rnounteins for a picnic
8 I ..... .... (make)

chocolate (oring)

friend ioarma the others.; and soft cnnks.

(bring)

cake, my a salad and meat. bread

9 loenna . (rmg) me up every evening end asks, 'What.. . (have) to do for homework)'
10 She, .... (givt?)

(notlli5ten) when the teacher us our homework for that

night 11 She ... 12 When toenna you ...


13 And I .. (talk) (drive)

(always/talk) In class which all Ihe reachers crazy.

_ .......... (rmg) me up. she """" (always/say)" 'What ?' (do)


..... (answer) ,I

to you, silly!'

lli\I1·2

Worl:"'r"ldplay

Writing: transactional

letter
words.

Now write

the letter follow

In Exercise 1 ill 120-180 this procedure and underline the words have

YOu should

1 look: at the instructions took at the following task. Ar~ you esked to a formal or an informal letter?

and do

phrases. that

1f'1Iyou exectly what you


you want

to

write

2 Think of four questions leller. Look at the advertisement alld the notes you hall€ made below II. Then write a letter of between 1:20" and 180 words in an appropriate style asking for more Information covering the points In your notes. Do not write any addresses. Decide what

to ask in your

order you want

to

put them ill (if5t

Write your letter.

Use linking words such as all, also, as wel/.=is this, finally.

of

e heck

your letter carefully

for any grammar

or

WANTED NEWMEMDERS
For water sport .s uluh Water-skiing, scuba diving, jel ski, windS~lrlingl You name i[ - if il·S a warcrspon, we otTer tnserucncn and facilities Jor it Plenty of opponurury LO pracnse your chosen sport wuu other eomnsrasts ill Club Aquarius! For your mcmbcrshipapplkation form write (Q: nlt_~&>cro'm:)' GubAlpWriliS ill·/k».:312
l.i11/dI<llI'l/>f(j/, S,tAA'XSU3,}}T

speUing mistakes. laid Out

Make Sure your letter is properly

Strategy You have answers

1 hour and 30 minutes

to

wnte

two

Spend 45 minutes mmutes lik:e this: • 5 minutes underlrning

on each question.

Divide

the 45

reading the instructions very carefully, key words and checking how many have

things you
• 10 minutes • 25 minutes • 5 minutes correcting

to do
of ideas and writing your answer. carefully and a plan.

thinl:.ing wfiting

- Membtm$hlp fee? or monthly paymetl!;? - U6t: offac/1(t{e~ free to memuer6'f - Sport" not mentioned iM aaverti6emtinCl
- AtltlUaJ

checking your work any mistakes:

them

Are the following statements T (true) Of F (fCllse). letter:

true or false? Mark

I~~~:;:~~~:;~n:~~~~~o:~U~~:~;k~t I :;r~;~i:~~te I~:~i~s~~~r ~a:>y toread. L-- =~kj:)D~~:g~~~itisnot ..JI

r Hot tip!

-,

In a formal ,

you include your name in your address.

you

include

the name and title (Managing to in herlhis address like this: .

Director,

Head Teacher, etc.) of the person

you are writing you wnte 'fifteenth 4

the whole

date in words, nineteen

of November.

Oin~ty-Iline' you

If you begin the letter Dear Sir/Madam. finish it WIth YOU(5 faithfully. . you can begin your letter with Dear

the

addressee's

tide.

for example

O&Jr

Secretary-

20

UN I T

3
,

Nearest and dearest


Listening:
with
t

Vocabulary: describing people


Match a word '1'1 Column A with a word B which

multiple matching

Paper 4. Part 3

the opposite meaning in Column B. Be carefull There


{Ire two exira words in Column you do not need to use. Write the appropriate letter in the gaps. B

>

Column A
1 hard-working

Column

2 ~ind 3 gen€rou$ 4 stubborn


5 naughty 6

<1-

a) mean b) silly '-'""t) well-behaved Y"d) lazy ........ tough e) Y1}

'" :4,

About the exam In Paper 4, Part 3 YOLlhear short extracts. You listen to people spE'aldng about a theme. YOu select inform.ation from ea-ch extract to go with statements or questions

Strategy
Note key words and phrases. when cassette for the first time . you listen to the

sensible
modest

.~

cruel
flexible

..~.i

vg)
i)

h) narrow-minded

arrogant
sentences with

Igj

Fill in the gaps In the following

1 listen to four people talking about how their position In the family has affected their personality. Which of the following adiecuves are used to descnbe each p051Mn child), child) in the family? Mark them E (eldest M (middle child), Y (youngest child)

an appropriate word from Exercise 1


1 He's rather ...

p.:.t:vo~f
he IS.

and never stops telling

or

0 (only

you how wcnderfu'

If you don't stop being .... , gel an icecream

'I'Q.#~"!) ..." YOu won't


Why can't

1 open-minded

6 ambitious
7

2 serious 3 independent 4 self-confident


5 selfish

aggressive

3 I wisM you weren't

so .... "rl'1',~...

8 adaptable 9 relaxed 10 responsible

you pay for the coffee for once?


4 Going out in the was

a rather ....

5 They're They let us stay theJr house and lent us a car. 6 There's no need to be so ..... ~~f.... deserve to be proud or yours_;l,f. i61 e, 7 If you were a
see his point bit more ..... ~. of view. I'm sure you'd

r.~:~~ ... ;;. .... very ~


n:Jiddle of

wlnter thing

without 10 do

a jacket

in

Listen to

the speakers
Write

again and answer the the

You

following (1, 2, 3 a) Who b) Who

or

questions 4) in 1he

number

of the speaker

gaps

rnes

to do what people expect?


works best in a team

and tried to 9E't along


~~e:s~it

probably or group?

~~~~~d:.J~nSdm:fl~a~~~::c~i!~: ~:~

c)

Who probably as a child?

had the most freedom dorranete others?

d) Who may try to e) I)

Who may be a brt frresponsible? Who may blame other people for h~rlhi5 own mlstekes?

21

{'NIT'.)

Nearesl aoo de<lrl!~1

Reading:

multiple choice

[Paper 1. Part 2'

=:>

About the exam In Paper 1, Part 2 you choose between four alternatives to answer questions. about a text.

Strategy
• Re.sd

• Read the text once quickly. it ag.ain..


the questions without looking at the alternetlves.

• Answer

• Find an alternative thst is like your answer.

Read the following article and decide which of these adjectives bast
describes Janet Jackson, 8 positive C aggressive D sophisticated A uohappy

The Other Jackson


Jnuct .lnchson, rim vcungesr of nine children,
bern T\' {he the in 1966, She became soups aIter pa:.l lust llli[i;dly len
I \\'0

was

By r:lIllily's

the

~Ige

of seven

she

W:1S

perturmiujl brother

in 1I1l: n;ullly in \'allcy in the series

~I child spotted has

star in

of American
II

llve s[<lg,e (lCI_ Janet


\\"(lSL

being she

television Five. III album», twelve .urd


IIWII

would do tmpresstons
and ~1:Ic Protcsstunnl, cruermtunnnu a

or Sonny
for with she YOrk.

and her &

Chcr, W.(1. Fields

nppcnrnncc

wnh her brothers, years of them

The Jackson recorded her Itvc with brothers

1'hel1, come her enrolment school children bustrn ..ss. snHll1 pnru, moved She James

pro..,i{~nt'
hy

in TV
1\W:lY

Amertcun

Top Five singles. overshadowed singing tor example


m'-II1:r_gi.'d CO creme

and a rccordil1~ contract


her 1\[ [he ([_!!eof elgluecn family to lrve ill New marr-ied marri:I~C Motown in her :1 hamlful l"IClII"IOli

A&1I1 lb,.. '-C:onl.... From the sccrurlv The

sisters,
other scrtuns mixture perfect much her She

she :lni~IS

has now become famous


star .. only WhiLlley l\1.'ldollIlCl,

then

ri~JI1, ,\s ;1 female (;llIr1,<1 Estcfan, competition h:ls


.1:111\:1

of

:.in(:cr

Dc Bargu.

:111l1

provide
a new

1-1(')1' ith w
;11'(

only lasted «txtv duvs and ended in «nnuhnenr. 'All my lift: I had people lcllillg nle wh.u to do, I wanted co do sornct hill,g all Illy CI\\'11.. ;:';0 I
ran :IWiIY to Janor dornlnant
tt:l

form, rather

married.' from lllar~e, ti~,ht-Imil father who f:ullily lIIrne,1 those wlth a Irnrn III ambitious

of ml.l~ic, for
11101'1;:

dClIlCC

and

fashion small

which and

to;

came and

the

video

a~c, She)",

shy which

1II:ll.:e5 namrnl

her :::CCIil "~IIl:r:lblc,She


thou
Wt:SI

i~ :11J'iQ

tunny of todav's Const in when till: she

stars
W:IS IWO

his own minor music eare... to direct cr children. Tfyillg W become independent
control would of her life must be understandable huvc been she had
\II'lI"\'

his
It

and
difficult.
10

J}~.n

,LIIICI \1'<1~ born (:m1!~Y to the was brought

in Gllr)" lndinnn, up

but moved with deluxe .lnckson zoo


1(1
II)

tf

had

,!.!lw; up ag~in. I and

some thir\~.

Dol's she have e xaurly g_()()d or


lilt:

any ro~rcls-~ same,


W:IS

compound (Iml cartoon '}\BC'

in bnctno, likenesses

Ontifcnun.

wtch its own d:1II0il1!l.

'No, None .. If I had

my life 10 live ~III ever till,: had, (or


:1

and private ctuema. She would turn on the TV


of III:r brothers lind 'I want YOU bnch'.

I'd

do

it

~~very!h;n~ rensnn, nnd tomorrow,'

expcrtcnccd,

rhar was to prepare

fur rodny

22

Write ~nswers Information

to the following

questions

usmq

Alternative

B In Question In

1 is wrcnq.

The text

from the text

SClyS. she staO


questions number

wa-s 'spotted NOT

a television appearance
the following

with

1 How did Janet Jackson be-come a TV

her brothers'

by

her brothers,

Look at the other statements altemetwe in question

again
and the

and match

to the incorrect the gaps.

alternatives. Wnte the letter of the incorrect

2 Why was

her childhood

unusual?

1 This IS wrong

because it says the opposite text

of 2
3 Why did

what

the

says.
it

This

is wrong

because

says

something In the text

she

move

away

and get married?

that might

be true which because

is not

This is wrcnq

it seys

something
~~I~

the text does not say.

4 How does

she-feel

about

her

life

so far?

r Hot tip!

---------,
COI~I, gtl€ssl

I ~l~~R~~~~~ _ ~~:e~~~hu~I~~~:ir~~i!S L___


Lool:: again at the text and follOWIng

.J

Now look et of the questions A

these alternative

answers

10 each answer,

find

words WIth the

above and choose the correct

meanings
less important (para. 2)

or

B,

1 made to appear
with her on

fA

Question 1 Someone saw her perfcrmmq

rv

brothe-rs

.J.... OV"'r~c1~
on

B Her brothers Question


I

saw

he-r performing her family family

Tv. so often.

~,,~~I

a small number {o1 people)

(pilr",. 2)

2 because moved because her were very rich

3 can be

understood

(para.

7)

A It was excmnq
B It was uousvel and famous

~d~,<f<y,d.~

Question 3 -fA Because she wanted B Because she didn't wedding.

to be Independent want anyone to come to the

vA

Question 4 She feels that


have prepared

the

things

[hal have happened

10 her In ~

her well far the

life

she

reads.
them

B She?feels sorry about some Ihirlgs. that happened the past and Wishes she (Quid change

'f

be! orhe-r people's

parenrs. don'r pur rheir kids ullder much pressure'

rhi-:o

23

Word formation

keapE 3. Part 5
Learner training
Pay attention

"' a

>
and endings of words. YOu (an often

Grammar: making comparisons


1 Read the article- Opposite. Which of the families i:s. most like your own'

to the beginnings

work out the meanrng of new words. if you can break them up into parts. For example: un·believ-able.

T (trUE') 1 Look at the words. in Exercise 5 on p(lge 23 that


yOI)

Read the erucle again and mark the following statements or F (false).
1 Peter

found

in the

text on Janet Jackson and find 1 that can en adjective


a suffIx be

added to a verb to make 2

Menzel and his team vjsited the same number of families as countries.

a suffix that means 'the amount contained in'


a prefix that means 'from above' or 'too much'

~~:n

Caa~~:~Ot~::~~~~

~:~::~s, r
T

I"

3 Th..y have fewer domestic appli-ances than the Ptrtzners orrthe utnas. 4 ~~~~~~1~~ Pfttzners

2 tonn

Read the- following of the word

text and then fill in the qaps wtth an appropriate at the end of each line.

in capitals

~~~~r~~i ;$a~:

Strategy • Read the text all the way through once quickly • Decide what part of speech goes In each gap • Think of possible words. to fill each gap. • Form words. from the words in capitals. • Check that each word is the right part of speech • Check that each sentence makes SE'nse,for example that you have used a neg;;l1ivepref'x in a sentence with a negative meaning
Although mol hers. my two sisters and I have {OJ _.. 4!ff.~!:~nf; DIFFER UKE APPEAR TEND EAT CHilD . ilnd OUf We all ADAPT CHARACTER

5 :~:e~~~~~'bdo~~g:ft~~:iYO is Pfitzners' sons. 6 The Pfnzners seem to have a bit more free time than the other families 7 ::~~ ::~a~hp~e;~~~~I~~e othe-r lamihes. 8 Th~ seem to be mar", concerned about the furore their country than the other
families

we

are definiloely

In .".. though
on welght_ The

This is not lust a matter of (2) we are all smllll wrth curly h ai( and a (3) ..

to

(4) ..

... and

put

resemblance

"r

goes. mucro funher

than

that. nvcuohout

cur

(5)

we were we

brought up to be very (6)

... llily to accept chanqe ISerother (7) b

:r:;~:n~:~~::~U8~a;: a (9);;~~··Ihis ("°o~~J~


into

snare. Another would be (8)

hate

SHY

means

t~~~rous'
FASHION FORTUNATE AGREE

3. Now write five more sentences like the ones In Exercise 2 comparing the fartulies in the
text.

we

are ilil

uuerested

in wearjng (11) .

. clothes. this causes and

We etten share our clothes. (12)

arguments. We reall~ should come to some (13)

about who

can

borrow what from whom -

wnen.

24

FAMILIES AROUND THE WORLD


III 1994, file lnternationot Year of till! Family; Pf'ICr Mellzel, an American ph%!:mpJter. decided /0 take pllolOxraphs /0 sfwlV ttie many di{ja/"eru lL'{{y,\"1omj{ie~' live (lmllll(/ 'he world, Willi a /l'W1l0! 1)liOlOgr(lplters (md journatlsts he visited lliirty overage families iii thirty dijJer<'t1t countries. Tiley 80110 know ttte families and took piwtagrcphs of/hem outside their iwmes surrounded oy their possessions. Here lire sOllie of {he results:

The Carballo family, Argentina


"!lamilymcmbcr,,; Juan Clrlm;, husband. 42 M~I1:1 Elizabeth, wife, 31 M~riil Pil~. daughtel'. 6 ~brla BeMn, daughter. 8 Nahucl, ~0Tl. \} Mr Imd Mrs Carballo beth work :J.S photogruphers. Ihcy arc nor rich. bUI [he), could afford 10 buy a new stereo. tulcvlginn and video recently, Bill rimes nrc not easy arid 1~ley have had [0 move in wil~ one of ,\1r;;C:lrhallo'S aunts. Sunday efrcmoon is their favourite nmc of me week. 111<:)" all gel together round [lie barbecue LOcat, dance and bugh. Si~c of ffrmily humc: .3 rooms in Mr-; C:lrh;JIII)"~ ainu's h()II~C:. W{lrkin~ week: husband ](J 10 35 hours. wife 40 hours. DIlme~tic appliances: I radio. I telephone> IICk~'i~IOIl, I video, I stC~, Whal jhe~' weru lor the future: :l more

The Uki!a family. Japan


Fumii)' memhers: Kazoo. husband. 45 Sayo, wife. 43 Mlyo, d.mgr,t~f. 9 Maya. daughter. 6 Mr Ukita :1IId Mrs Uk!lIl <l1\dlhdr children neve very bll~Y lives. Miyo. the older daughter, dreams of taking part in rne Olympic games. Five days a week she rides her hicycJ.e LO the IOC~ll snorts centre where she: spends 11'.10 hours swimming lengths of the peel. She also goes to extra cresses to prepare for the diffic~ll IlaliOllal ~xalm. This !c~I\'C~ IWf a nute lime lefl for watching television and Inc Ul-ila:; have ooe with II special button so thai they can watch foreign programmes In the crigluul langllilge. Size uf family home: a fbi measuring 132 square metres. including livilll> morn, dining mum. kitchen and bathroom. working week: husband 40 hours. wife 60 hour:;; (housework). J)ULTlCSIiC-lI[lpJianc("s: J radius

The Pfitz.er family, Germany


Famih' members: 8cmh;n:I, husband. Brigiuc. wife. ]6 Manuel.eon? Chrio:ti:III,!>Qn.4 38

Bernhard Pfill.llcl' works ;1~:1 physiotherapist in Ncuss. 'l city tlC;(f Cologne. He works hard. gel~ heme hue and is often tired. He would like to be able to «pcnu more rime WiU1 his :;.Q11~ and dreams of owning a house in the country. Mrs Pfitzner work ...hard. too. She is very
concerned ~JbnUL cnvtromacm«! issues. She

docs 001 "";:1111 her 111'0 SUllO; to grow lIP hell\·ily influenced by television so ~hc only lct~ Ihem wmch for between half all hour and an hour a day, Size of family horne. a rented nat lI1ca~uring 83 square metres wah four bedrooms, kitchen, fl.lIJ\\,<ly nnd burln'oom WorkiJig week: husbnml 4() hnu)";. wife 50 hours (hClu,;.eworl.;). Domestic all;>Ii:rn[e~: J radios. l radio cassette, I television. I vider.. I video

:a\~~I&be~r¥~;~~;~r~o,
luun-e:
a bigger

Whal Ihey want f(lf the bouse with more space.

c:
•• ...:..:t'i"i:.:,·'T:_:.1:..._;N:::"':;":::":::";:,;,."'"':;;"::::eSI

Writing:
Pa er

transactional letter
Part 1

2,

~r=n.:....

I DON'T waste time ill the exam counting words! Wor!: cut how many words I vou normally write on a bne and multiply this by the number of nnes you have

r Hot tip! ....-

-,

..1

I I

Reed the following task and the i'lfls.wers.that

two

candidates wrote

Your younger sisteebrother is going to visit relatives in an English-speaking country. Your rejatives have (Jot met her/hlm before. Write telling them about hershls travel arrangements and explaining how they should recognise her/him. Include Ihese notes times in your answer: Candidate - chec:k flight - ae9c;ribe - gift from B

alothe5 here?

Candidate A

I wriLtU!g inf'.".", ff= aJl,uu:t; "'if s«;ter traref. io .f""",.. en fl;. [6 16r;, fhmr 6ared""" and' ",,"we ~""r WurU:'lI a.t 6 o'd'o& .

sg"

Sc:m~ -<JA o ccaeo ~ '&d SA, Contad &.no Q4;, ~. Sf..e wiff.& drfiOO"'rf " If4... t,..:nv.ler and' " ydi''''''~. I ~i:f"" <m£~.
w.tf ,_,

turtl Sf,~

Sf.,

i4e "'./""'. io ~ SJ'i" ,.,t;..dlmc v.,._.,a,4I~ ....,.ifKa.rd'.,..",..:'i.~.

f.

rettf}

wifj,

Bf<m.1e /,,,,;_,,

IDa !1""

I<nvIC tlW: sAe 'rJ<'U a g</t? Sf,e Can 1Jr"'f} a tipieaR !=f or cP~. You ~ ""'lI "'" wIud die if"" 1ik..

I'x:u.,

'g~e,

'&r&

AlJij'le~.

26

\1

Now look at the following exammer's reports. and decide which 15for Candidate A and which is for Candidate B

Find five spelling mistakes in Candidate B's letter and wnte the words out again correctly in your notebook. 4 Find five sentences in Candidate 6'5 letter which contam mistakes with verb forms and write them out again correctly in your notebook. Fmd five sentences in Candldete B's letter which contem mistakes with .arudes (aiM, the) end write them out apain correctly in your notebook. 6 What verb normetly goes with the words

Candidate: Grade: unsatis factory Some points in instructions not covered. Beginning and ending of the letter are inappropriate. Letter is quite wellstructured. Basic errors (spelling, grammar and vocabulary) , Inappropriate vocabulary for an informal letter.
Not. enough Lnfozrne t.i.on about

glasses, contact lenses and rrousers:l

7. Rewrite the unsatisfactory letter using the good letter as a model. learner training Do extra Writing exercises and exch-:lOgethem with CIfriend. Gel your friend to correct your mistakes Correct your friend's mistakes.

flight

details.

Candidate: Grade; very good

Clear paragraphs covering all the points in the instructions Appropriate beginning and ending t.o the letter * SOme good structures * Wide vocabulary. SOme poor expression, but almos t no errors . • People reading letter would know exactly what to do.

27

UNIT

Seeing is believing

Reading: multiple matching


[raper 1. Part 1 About the exam
jn Peper 1, Part 1 you read a text and either match headings or summ~ry sentences to e.3ch paragraph

-~

>

Strategy
learn t~ r~ognis.;. the structure (like a plan) of the text. ,ThiS wilt help you decide on the paragraph

When a computer error IS a fatal mistake

headll'lg:s.or summary sentences.

-IO~)

Re_ad the following

article about

computer

errors

:~~~:~~e
A

which of these two plans the writer

ur lives depend un computers. ·n,~y control our money, transport, our exam results. Yet their progrnms. arc now <;0 complex that 110 one call get rid or all the mistakcs.

De6cribe the f5ituation.

• Describe a problem.
• Defscdbe

un8ati5factory 6ollJtion6.

Life without computers has become unimaginab\e.. They are designed to look after so many boring but essential tasks - from ralcrowave cooking 10 flying across the Atlantic: (hal we have become dependent 00 them.

• State the problem again.

1'_)

• Ask"'1"esfiO>t. • AJiswer'"me q;;esfi"" • GiVe o/'ctRc e~es • Ask anoU1er' <t<l~fion .

But as the demands placed on c:ompl~tcrsgrow, so have the Dumber of incidenls involving computer errors. Now computer experts are warning that the traditiunal ways of building computer systems arc just not good enough to deal with complex tasks like ilyillt) planes. meintamtng nuclear power stations. ILis only II mailer of nrnc before a computer-made catastrophe OCcurs,
(JJ'

12_) As early as. 1889, a word entered the language that wall to become all \.00 farni1iar 10 computer scientists- <I 'bug', meaning a mistake. For decades bugs and 'do-bugging' were mkcn to be part of every computer engineer's job. Everyone

---

28

2 .Now read the article again and choose a heading for each paragraph from the list below. There IS on~ extra heading which you do not need 10 use The first one has been done for you. . accepted that there would systems thai fly planes, kill, This
is obviously always be some mistakes in any new system. But 'safety critical' drive trains or control nuclear power stations C:JO have bugs that could

unacceptable.
systems is 10

A An 'Old problem with serious consequences. B Two new approaches, but can they solve the problem? C A potentially tragic error D But are they here to stay?
E Experts say 'Bfing G We couldn't back rnaths!'

(3_) One way to stop bugs in com puler

get dirrerent

teams of programmers 10 work in isolation from each other, That way, runs the theory, they won', all make the same type of mistake when designing and writing computer codes. In fad research shows that programmers think alike. have the same type of training - and make similar mistakes. So even if they work

F Old methods are no longer satisfactory live Without them.

find

words

or phrases

in

the text with

the

followinq

me.anings: to
imagine (para. 0) (para.

separately,

mistakes can still occur. Another technique is to produce back up systems that start 10 operate when the first system fails. This

1 impossible

2 needing support from 3 long-established. (para. 1')

OJ

has beco used on everything from the space shuttle to the A320 airbus. but unfortunately problems that cause one compnter to fall can ma.ke an the others fail, too. 14_) A growing number
believe the lime 'pa\c"" or computer has come safety trying

conventional
1)

4 sudden great disaster (para. 5


often

seen or heard (para.


2)

2)

experts
to

6 not good enough (para.


7 separately {PQra. 3} {para. 3)

to stop

"'P' c;nm\1u\l!{ S'1~\em$. The'! programmers. have 10 learn to think to be able to dcmorl~tl'att: through

";.a,/ ctcerty and matilL::n1atka!

support

symbols that the program cannot go seriously wrong. Until programmers learn to do this, we will probably just have 10 live with the results of

9 terrible events that cause qreat sadness (p;;Ir<;l. 5)


10 about to happen (para. 5)

computer bugs.
(5_)

Of course. more

often

than

1I0t

the

errol'S

are just

annoying. but sometimes tl1cy can come dose LO causing tragedies. all the Piccadilly [L11e in London's Underground a driver who was going south along a track got confused while moving his empty train through a cross-over' point. He started to head north straight at a south-bound ualn full of people. The computerised signalling system failed to warn him of impending daastcr and it was only his quick human reactions that

prevellted a crash

from secus meqenoe

Grammar:

like

The following dialogue- contains rune mistakes with the use of lik~. Find the mistakes and write the sentences out again correctly in your notebook is your SISler like? She's the same height like me and she's blonde, 100. She IOQ~sso much like rne you'd think we we(f! twins JOAQUiN; By the way, woutd you like going to the cinema at the weekend? f.lEIDI: That sounds 'as a good idea JOAQuft-J: Do you like to see .anything il"! partjcuJar? HeiDI Let's see something funny I'd like comedies. JOAQufN: OK. 1"11 come round to your house at five. it you like it. H"EIDI: Fine. he yOI,J your brother. always .;IS late? JOAQurN No. I like my mother, afways on time. HEIOI: Good, I like punctual people. rll be ready at rive o'oock. JOAquIN:Perhaps your sister would like to come, too HEIOJ: No, I don't think so. She's already going out on Saturday nlghl JOAQUIN' OK. See you on Saturday. HEIDI: See you then
JOAQuiN: How H[IDI"

About the exam


In Paper 3. Part 3 you read sentences and complete

new sentences. so thai they have i'I similar meaning You heve to use a word that IS printed in bold to complete the new sentence

L for Check
I

Hot

tip! -third person

- - - - - - - -,
singulilf
's'

in

the Present SImple .•

.J

., Complete the second sentence 50 Ih;;lt it has a similar meaning to the first sentence. Use the word 1(1 bold and other words to complete each sentence. EXAMf>l.(: am I like
I very

similar to my btother
..

My brother 00 you want

;8 '(.~r;t..!~~~...

me.

me to help you tidy up?

like Would" 2 Cen you describe him for me?


tetj

you tidy up?

Can you .., I tbmk rjke It .....


it

..... like?

rnust be a dog barkinq


..... a dog bar~ing.

4 She plays racket sports, such as tennis and squash. like She , tennis and squash. 5 They eruoy going to the beach at the weekends. like They. et the weekends. 6 I think I can smell smoke. like That .. .
7 My

smoke

sister and I are very alike physically. look I.. my sister. telt
me about the COurSE" . know about th€'

Can you

like
I

course.

30

Vocabulary: phrasal verbs (take)


March the first hall of the sentence in Column A w~ththe second half of the sentence in Column B.
Write the appropriate letter in the box Then fill in the
f

There ore mistakes in tOlJr of the follOWing sentences. Find the mis-takesand wnte the sentences out again correctly in your notebook 1 She took off me so welt l had to jaugh.
1

9aPS WIth on, off (x3), up (x2)' in or over. Column A

The meeting had only been going for a few minutes- and he'd taken it ever completely.
it

1 I fei3lly shouid take a day


1

>

3 The doctor said I should swirn. so I've taken up 4 They've already made them redundant and they only took on them a month ago 5 We won't be very busy this wee-k take off it?
90

The manager said they were not taking ..

3 I'm sorry to have taken 4 My older sister was always takinq S II was hilarious! He was laking .. 6 teke ... 7 We.thought these virtual reality would really take . .. here, S I wasn't taken
Column B things.
0'

L [I
[J

why don't you

o
r rl

6 She\; sucn a clever liar she always takes me in.

~ Listening:

multiple matching

a) lor a moment when she se.o she had been ill. bl voJleybaJl, Jt'll do YOLIthe- world of good.

e!

SO

much of your tjme.


kitchen.

d) work end paint the

e~ Our games. when we were children. r, but they've been a complete finendal disaster.
a) Jr"ly h)

more bar ste-t for the time bemq.

one of the reachers when she walked in. You are going to hear five people talking about problems they have had with msctunes end electronic devices of various kmds. listen and match one of the following statements A-£ to one of the speakers There IS one statement which you do not need to use. A 8 C D E
F

fill In the gaps in the following sentences with an appropriate phrasal verb from Exercise 1.
1 You

can use .. .........• with words hke a sport or a hobby or names of specific sports and hobbies.
sraff

2 You can use . with the word with words for specific jobs 3 People who study or work can days, two weeks, a momh. etc 4 Activities, things or people (an
mu(h/.;J IOl of (ime/space.

or

....... a few

too/so

She/he-was frightened She/he foulld herse't'hlmself in the wrong place. She/he disturbed some other people . She/t1esaid something she/he didn't mean to say. She/he asked someone to help her/him She/he almost forgot where she/he was.
1

Speaker

S Bos.sy people often . other prop Ie's jobslgame5Iconvers<:Jtionslmeefings, etc.

Speaker 2 , Speaker 3 Speaker 4 Speaker 5

31

Writing: narrative

Moments upwards

later

they the

felt
light

themselves

bemq drawn force.

towards

by

an irresistibte

L'I

P:.:a:!:"",::.r:.!"1~:==""::.:rt~2=-_-t>
k.) About the exam
In Paper 2, Part 2 you choose one question answer aut of four. One of the questions a Story. Here is the last paragraph of the story, but it you to write to may ask When they looked up to see where the noise was

commg from they were almost intense yellow light

blinded

by an

contains. six Below ate the first two paragraphs from a story. but the sentence-sare in the wrong order. Put the sentences in the correct crder. Write the numbers 1-11 in the- gap5. Use the words and phrases in bold
to help you. mistakes

mistakes with

and

write

the

verb tenses. Find the paraqraph out again correctly

ill your notebook. The captain

Paragraph
found

I out to lock for the men and 100

bas not believed their story at first After all they could have easily hitched OJ ride with a p.35s.ing~orrydriver, What was more difficult to
was the fact that even though few hours, they have

explain two hours. later more than

a) A search party went them

been missing 10, only a

kltometres away
b) In 1970 an army training

.
battalion weI'€' doing plain
In

been found they all have long have not shaved for six months. or rncre. They had all been absolutely dean shaven when they had

when they had beards. as if they

basic of

on an enormous

the north-west

disappeared.

China ..... ,
c)

They seemed dazed and confused and their


uniforms were badly torn.

d) One morning

a thick

fog came down

and three

soldiers e) They

became separated the


following

from

the

others and of what


had

were reported gave

missing at about

ten o'clock.

explanation their two-hour

happened

to them dunng

absence

f)

Nevertheless,

they were

in

perfectly

good .

health

and did not have any physical injuries

Pi;;Iragraph 2
g) Apparently this pomt the three men lest though some

consciousness
feeling and they

at

they all reported

were inside
remembered h) Suddenly overhead

kind

of

aircraft

they ell
as if

seelnq coloured they heard a loud helicopter

flashing whirring

light:;. .. noise

an enormous

were somewhere

As the

three

soldiers battalion them

looked

around

for the

rest of the

they realised they were someone

alone though
was watching

they felt as if

or

somethmg

32

, Read the Iollowinq task


Write a story that

Vocabulary and grammar: open doze


ends
with the tne strange object

begins as

or

following words:
, stared

in amazement
beneath

disappeared

the surface

of the lake.

Strategy
Remember to read the text all the way through first- Then decide what part of speech is missino from each gap

Decidewhether you want to begin story with the words provided.

or finish

your

2 Think of ideas. Ask yourself questions like: What diXJpPeQred~Where did it come from? Who else sawir? 3 Write a plan with your ideas in order. 4 Write your story in 120-180 words. 5 (heck your work very carefully for errors with verb tenses. Strategy If you can't think of any ideas, ask yourself questions like: • When did it happen? • WMere did It happen? • What happened first? • What happened after that?

Read the io~lawing text and then fill in the gaps with an appropriate word, You have been given the first three letters of each word to help you

When you read magazine articles about (1) sci. , discoveries or tee advances. you can gel a very false impression of the way SCientists. end technicians actually work in (3) lab ... Of course the (4) res. they do solves (5) pro... .. or leads 10 the (6) dev of new theories. But it is. not all as carefully planned .;ISwe might imagine. A lot of the discoveries thet have (7) rev...... the way a disease is treated or a crop grown were made by chance. A chemist might add a (8} d-e.; . to a test tube and (9) pro ,,, " a new substance. A professional (10) inv "" " might try out all sorts. of unsuccessful dE!signsbefore coming up with a brilliant invention almost by accident.
(2)
n.

r Hot tip!
L

---------,

I~n~o~~~n~~~~~ Ia gal) blank! You cannot

~:a:I;~r~;~~~ I ~~~:h~~~~~; I
lose marks
for

wrong answers.

.J

Learner training Make your own gap filling exercises. USE!he t reading texts. and tapescripts from thIS book. Get a friend to take out a word ~ery six or seven words

'FQrheaven's Qlke Maureen. not everybody wants to _;:ee photographs of our granrkhildr~n
c

33

_----...:"::.'N.:.:'T...:.'.....:."::."..c"":..:.,,""'::...c""'-'·09

Speaking: picture prompts

I P"p!r
feelabout

5, Part 2

About the exam In Pari 2 of Paper 5 you t.:Jlkabout some photcqraphs and say how you
them

Strategy If you do not know the English word for something in the picture, paraphrase. Say things like: 'It's a thing you use for ..: or 'It's a kind of ..:

iii

t listen to two candidates dOing this part of the interview and look at
the photos below. Which candidate did well laura or Ahmet?

listen

to the first candidate

again and complete

the Io'lowinq sentences with the words laura uses .


1 .... "

......... ~ 'parabolic: antenna' or


............. dish. receiving satellite TV

aerials

Hottip!_--------,

I~Os~~T, ;~~~h!~;~lii~:r·:a~~~: ~~'


L

~:a~li;~~~~:::~at else I .J

34

UNIT

All you need is love


reported statements
wrote

Grammar:

Read the following to her friend

extract

from a letter

Laura

Suzie and complete

the dialogue

Read the. followirlg converseuon between a doctor and a young patient and then complete the doctor's notes below OOCTOR; Well. what seems to be the trouble? lAURA: , feel fine, but my parents are worried about
me. They think lAW: I'm acting strangely.

i
r'b

J Ct'.7U/dn't

geU07

nt?

Wi~e it. He c.t:Lme Up .t.t:o me Z~ the schor:N' hu$. J.i4! o.sked me ;P r U/DS
Q5

d07"n.g a.AyL"i.l~ go ~

1'/6J(1;

llleehvtd.

I s<:u"d

!)ad

OOCTORre you sleeping well at night? A


I sleep well, but I wake up very €i;lrly.

llO(TOFIAnd what about meals? Are YOu €!.at~ng normally?


LAU~: 00CT0tl. No. I haven" eaten a full meal for a week. I never feel hungry

And has anything happened to upset you? A


problem at school or perhaps at home?

hl.!I p.::tf'en.b; on Su.nd~. 6u& thnL ti2p<Vt- ~ tIIa.t I did.n 't- hoot!? a."l_g spet:.ia.l p/a..?:S. ~ k Q;Skdl"F' z!::l .se~ m~ /"t~ licvris.:m ;:;!,rd ~Un. :r sakl.T h.:rd..,c, hut that "!¥ iyotIJdr had .t'otd me t:hu- ~e had ~ -!:JOyed ie. h'~ ashed I~ I ~~ to.go a/Jd Se.e it wi6?him em ~"YI n.lSn? e:y,dI
un'&;

m 4-..,aIJ

LAuRA:It's nat really a problem, But there's a new student at school and well, doctor; he's the most wonderful person I've ever met. He's
kind, inreljjgent and so qood-look'nq.
J

said~sou~g~. llMv?t:ed a, go
the
6."D

Heas~~
I'D

~mer
cmwded, sa

/he. ~~
~s

.r:;nd J"said r thuught"


U$LlaV.!:Il~

SC!2U'",~

~$U~~~~a.c~e~~d ~t'.s:.~

cen't

trunk about anything else. He name's Steve and hoe'sgot a motorcycle .. IlOCTOfI:: Well, young I.~dy.I don't think. there's really very much the matter With you.

and that-

W~

~/d

/1.:11.-=_ ~~

amr~$

. .rhm.®7't
.s~$

d~OIo:1

yet:, buL- ;V,G.+/

I d3n b.:7t-nxo

c plzz.a to Wear hts-r n~ top.

STEVE' LAURA

Hi, how are

you?
wondt='(ing Are you doing . _~

STM:
LAURA:

Oh, hi. Fine. Listen, 1 was


anything from

next weekend?

we~!I)..!/~_~d(,:,~.~y',""~!.~.,lbut

tWatm_.""

,.._

..

apart

Have-you

SEen the flew Harrison .

Ford film? but my

No, (3)......... brother (4) ...


STEVE:

Yes, everyone says it's bnfient. Would you like 10 go and see it on Saturday nighti'
(5). time do you want to go? At six or at ...". the sb o'clock (It What eight?

LAURA: That
-mVE

I.AlJRA: (6)",."

session (7)" ...


srrvs: OK. Shall we meet at the cinema pizza etter the film.

about S.4S? Perhaps we could go tor a

35

Grammar: reported questions


Laura got home from her evening out wnh Steve very late a~ her mother diary.

was anqry, Read their conversation and then complete Laura's

Pe.v Z>i<uy.
I77t.un /5
aUCUlt!!d a.tI
I"~

.6e~~

mQ'r"lli

19

a'!5l~ bU/'tn fl7e. ~ ~srm /lie tr>go ~ WI(;/; St"~ et..>e; 0._9a..Y? a,.,d T 9r:>t ~ a cd t¢Ce. 7Jle <7e:x:.t: 5h~ 4/rn(/dn't" 5mp asking me
~ lUI:f5.fi..rs~ t./ke WJ'I.uCI

1.lh!.$bdns. h'cn~~

pcilt.

VJcerra..9~.'Sh~
C11?d hl:lw

re

tv___
sh.£
Wi31?t$
~$

a5h~mo!!i tc
h~

(1)
he ~

_ .

when.Tsafd

5d1ool..

(3)
l:I~

didn't" anrnc fJt!v $oIjll:;~:s<v"dhJ!! U/bsn't happY

n. find

md: Chat"he's eJj;M~t: &d sh~ .:511£ ~Med

aiJiC

.And

M"th

that:,
-then

m
O"?

iMt».

tne :;.tz:vc~

.t..d?a~

ha,pptened tAU- nJj}hZ". ~qu~m,ed wh_ (5) , idl«t b;"~


lV1d'wiJarf(,) MOT"ER- Whafs lAURA: Steve. his. name?

(&)

vrre a..6cn

_
~

ar6Er~ehll:1lqil!.
.:.v.snl!' ~

SaId ~

fkzv.

a piz:u:/, sh~

MOTHE:R Stelle wliat? What's. his surname?


LAURA: I don't know. MornER; Well how did you get to know him?

M --_

.And
a ~~d.e~

she:

asked
l"'o

kn""" h=-(.)
S"a!-velutd

oF course .~

~nCec:t' a

I t-old her /i~/

:!§"n~ n..-any ~d

LAURA He goes to school. MOTf.lEII:: What year is he in at school? i"AL..LRA: Err I'm not sure. He's-a bit alder then me. MOltltR: How much older is. he? lAURA: A couple of years. I think he's about sixteen or seventeen MOrt<lER see. So he's a lot alder than you. And where I did you go?
lAURA
LAURA:

I told you. We went

to

see

a movie.

M01HE!I: WhCll tim€> MOHlER: LAURA: MOTH£R LAUAA:

drd the movie finish) At about eight o-coee And what did you do after that?
We went to have a pizza. How long were you in the restaurant? doesn't lake four hours. to eat a pizza! It took quite a long time to get home on It

MOTH~R: And how dLd you get home? LAUFW On Steve's motorcycle, but it broke down the way MOTK£Ft: On Steve's. motorcydel think yourself about this! Listen my girlhasn't

that's Just heard 'Mum'" be down in a minure. Whllr: you're waiting would YOCI~ike to !hE' videa of her first wedding;"

the last time you go out with this Steve lucky your father

see

36

U:.l1T

All yOIJ need

rs love

Grammar:

key word transformations

'But 1 tried to phone

him yesterday.'

XI,d Laura.

admitted
laura ..

.............. him the day before


r could meet your parents.' said

Ifo~~·:fc::r~~e3~hden:~s.glVer.' L
Complete the second sentence
meaning to the first sentence.

r Hot tip!

'Perhaps

Steve.

---------, You must Us.€'the same

.JI

sugges1ed Steve
9 'No, I will not speak

. Laura's parents to
him,'

said

laura's

mother.

refused
50

that

it

has s similar
in bold 10

laura's 'Try said

mother

.. more

.... Sieve.

Use the word

ilnd other words

10

complete each sentence.


home so

being a bit the doctor,

understanding.

Mrs Carter:

encouraged (XAMP~E: 'I'm sorry apologised

r got

late:

said laura __home 50

The doctor

.a

bit

more

understanding.
11 'I've made up my mind. I'm going to ask Steve to

Laura .. i1poJogI8ed.far.ge«in~ late.


I 'I won't tell anyone promised about

it: said

Suzie.

lunch on decided
laura's

Sunday,'
..

said laura's

mother. . Steve

mother

Laura's friend Suzie .. aoy-alle about it


2 'Laura. you should

lunch
12 honest with your

to

on SUllday. us. on Sunday.

try being parents,' said the doctor. advised The- doctor her parents.
go cut With that

'Would you like to have lunch with Steve?' sard laura's mother. invited Laura's mother .. them on Stmday. you're right. Steve

.......

lunch with

honest With 13 said Laura's

., think so late,' agreed

Laura is too young

to stay out

3 'oon't

boy again!'

said

father. warned Laura's father .... Steve again.


4 'You've been meeting hacen't you?' your boyfriend said Mum ...... SChool. ....

Steve go
out

..

too young 10 Slay out so

with
14

late 'Next time we could take Andrew Stelle with us,'

said

after school,

offered
Steve; brother 15 . Laure's younger With them the next time. be better to go out in Laura's tether. .

accused Laura's mother boyfriend after

her

S 'lend me your qameboy or I'll tell Mum and Dad: said Laura's brother
threatened brother" unless sJle lent him her qameboy 6 'I haven't laura denied Laura night

'Perhsps it would afternoons.' said recommended Laura's father;

the

_ in the

laura's

her parents

afternoons

seen Steve since Saturday night,' sad

...........

Steve since Saturdav

37

(',_

';

..:""", ·,,'T.;.<...,;.;.';.;' '..:'",,"..:"'..:"..:";:'' ;:'

Grammar: error correction

Vocabulary: love and


marriage
Read the follOWing letter t-o a problem paqe. Then fill in the gaps. with an appropriate word or phrase from the box. USe the correct form of the verbs. best man infatuated get married fall iii love annivl;'rsary go out get engaged choir vicar aisle have an affair bridesmaid bouquet have a baby have rows get a divorce near Madge-,
Tom and (me, a! L1dance aboUi five years ago. We smncd (J) .. , .. Logether and al_lhough at the. begim;i~~ I

. ""'''-'.1'_e~r_3'-, ,-Pil",rt-,-,4_~~> 1...


About the exam In Paper 3, Part.4 you read a text in which each line is numbered, Some lines are correct arid other lines have all extra, unnecessary word. For the COrrectlines you put a tick (v) at the end of the line, For the incorrect lin@syou circle the extra word and write it at the end of the line ln the actual exam you will transfer your answers from the question I;looklet to the separate answer -sheet,

Strategy
If you see any of the following in a line. check that they should be there • definite and Indefinite articles e.q. t go to school by@bu$ .. auxiliaries (do, have, are, etc.I e.q. She asked me where@1 put the keys. • the word 'more' e,g He is~taller than me. • prepositions E'9, My parents ~\le(@me a book • pronouns e.q. The man who~told me 10 come back today sounded German

II1011gluwllsjus((2) l ,... I'.'jdl him. J.;dQre iong We borh rcali~'~ Read the following text and decide which lmes are correct and which have an additional incorrect word. There are two examples at the beginning (0 and OO) o '9received a realiy nice long letter last week 00 from a girl called Laura I met on holidaylast summer. 1 In the letter shE'told to me about her new boyfriend
z He (3) We wunred :~~.llIilirary (,S) . rc wait service .

until
bCI~:;~

:=

he had finished

have ......

went 11110 the anny, The wedding was uII the more wonderful
because we had had to wait, Tom asked his [~~~) _ ,' _ 'IAl ~~::~~i~:~tl~

anyway, before

he

goes. to her school, but is quite a lot more older. 1 At first her patents did not like 10 him very much 4 because they went out together and she got home late, 5 When she told her mother he had -a motorcycle, she was (, very upset and refused that [0 allow Laura to go out with ] him aqain. Laura was vel"y upset and went to the family doctor 8 for to discuss her problem wilh her The doctor suggested OJ that Laura should to be more honest with her parents. She spoke 10 to my friend's mother and advised her to be more of understandinq. 11 Eventually my friend's parents met her new boyfriend and 12 got on qUite well with him. HE'promised 10 make sure Laura always gets at home before eleven o'clock and suggested taking laura's younger brother when they go out 15 Laura seys me her parents really like her boyfriend now
13

fell so happy r thought I would die. when rho (8), , said, 'luow pronounce you mnn end wife.' and the (9) _ S!lllg 'Ave Maria' cvc~one could see how happy I was. Ol.llslde: the Church I threw my (lOj. , _ :n;: high 3!) 1 could and Illy Sisler Mary cangbr it. BLI[ not long hfter that (flings started [0 go wrong .. Wc started (0 (11) , ., ., ,.," and not long arrer lltue Lucy was born r found out that Tom (12) , ,,,.

about 5111.1' Il1m,gs


I don't

know what to do. I stililovc

him

but he.wants (13).............................. . Shnuld i flgree? Yours, COM'USED

38

\·:\,IT.5

All

you need is love

~ Listening:

multiple choice

Writing:

background

reading texts

l~p~·pce~'_4~.~P~a~rl~1_F __ ~»
About the ex-am In Paper 4, Part 1 you wlil hear people talking in drtlerent situaucns. You choose the best of three answers 10 qussnons
Strategy

I Paper 2.,-,P,-,a;.;.rl=2~~_»
About the exam In Paper 2. Pert 2 there is always a Question on the background reading texts. Th,s Question is optional.

r Hot tip!
L.
Strategy

--------any of

listen for dues. about: • what the people are talking about • how they feel about what they are saying. • the relationships. between the people e.q. friends, business colleagues

I~~N~kl~~;~~~i~l~ ~~~~~~~~~:::~~~~~ead

I .J

lsten to the extracts on the cassette and choose the correctalternative to complete the following statements. 1 You are watching television. You hear this- woman talkinq She is talking about A a film she didn't enJoy very much B a- play that she didn'l think was Vf;_ry good. a book that she tcund very excrtmq.

Read the book once .;IIIthe way through. Then read the book again and keep notes of: • what happens in the story • the characters. • the places. • the way you feel about the Ihings that happen Read the book again quickly a week or two before the eX<lm.

-----

2 You are listening to the radio. You hear this man speaking. He think.s people lis.temng A speak Spanish. B may not speak Spanish. C do not speak Spanish 3 You overhear this. girl talking on the telephone She A politely refusing to go out with the person who phoned her B acceptinq an lnvltaticn trom the person who phoned her. e inviting the person who phoned her to go out. 4 You hear this. woman talking about her husband. The:>y et m
A B

Think of a book or storv that you have read recently in English or In your Own language. Write a composition retelling the story In your Own words. so that a friend of your own age could decide whether to read It Or not 1 Underline the important words in the instructions 2 Make a list of the important events in the story. 3 Plan your composition. Decide how many paragraphs you are going to write and which events you wilt mention in each paragraph. Will you write about what happens at the end? 4 Write
your

composition

In

120-180 words.

5 Check your composition for spelling and gramm<Jr mistakes. Be parucolerly careful with reported speech.

at a cinema. on a picnic in class.


(I

5 You overhear these two boys talking on first boy

bus. The

A doesn't mind meeting the girl's parents. B is afraid of meeting the girl's parents. C has met the girt's parents before.

Learner training There are film versions of mi;lny of the books that are set as bsckqround reading texts. If you see the film (preferably in English) before you read the book. it will make it easier to understand. Remember that it will stili be absolutely necessary to read the book sIO'veralimes as.well t -----1

39

,-nE
Reading: multiple choice
About the exam In another type of muJliple choice question in Paper 1, Part 2' you say what word_slike pronouns Ie.q. it she. t~ey) and possessve adjectives (e.g his our. rh@ir) In the text ref€>rto ' ,

WORLD is divided into the 'haves' and the 'have 11Ots': those who have had their names used in popular songs and the rest. The 'haves' include anyone named Eleanor, Carol, Bernadette, Marta, Frankie or Johnnie. Girls called Sue or Suzfe are especially fortunate, what with 'Wake up Little
Suzie' and SO on. The 'have-nets', a large and

Strategy
To work out what a word refers to

• fook at the sentences before Of after the word. • remember that words lil::e 'it' and 'this' Or 'do' and 'so' can refer to verbs, nouns. adjectiVEs and a-dverbs, or to phrasas and craoses

The following lines aU(orne from Elton John's }bur Song {page 47 of the Firsr Certificate Gold Cou(sebookJ. Look at the underuned WQ{dsend write
what they refer to.

1 irs a linl!';' bit funny. This feeling inside. Don't have much money, if I dkL

But boy

3 And you cao_tell everybody this is your song. It may be qorte Simple. but now that Irs done, 4 But, the sun's been quite kind song,
It's for people like you

wtute I wrote this

that

keep

u turn~

00.

5 So excuse me-forgetting, but these things I QQ,

Read the aftide opposite and then choose


best title from the Irst b~row

the

A 50, love. this is your .song. B The successful pop song: a recipe. C What's in a namep: what to call your baby.

40

nntu.lPPYgroup, Include people named Graham/ Druce, Jacqueline- and a great many others. Anyone 10 with a flame like these is likely 1.0 go through life without ever hearing their name in a song on the radio 01· anywhere else, But help is at hand. Serge Romano has started a business called 'Songs for You' in Melbourne, Australia. Anyone can have a song written, recorded, preserved and presented to fittheir specifications . Serge got the idea. fOL· 'Songs fOI" You' about a year ago when he and his wife Cathy were at a 20 wedding. 'The groom had got a song done for his bride. The reaction from her and the bridesmaids and other guests was fantastic. A little while later 1 was discussing it with friends, and it struck me that this could reilly take off: Aiming at the wedding and engagement market, the Romanos advertise un cards in Ilonsts and photographers' studios, bULthey will also take requests for songs for birthdays, Chnsrmas and anniversaries. The minimum fee is $300. For this, clients get a recorded version of their song on cassette (a CD is extra). plus a framed copy or the lyrics. The creative pro-cess begins with a client filling out a questtounatre: About your song. This seeks details of the special occasion, relationship with the 1)f'I'SI)n be immortalised in song, how they met, [0 habits and most memorable moments. The musical style can be tailored to suit the client. FOl"lovers, something romantic; for a younger listener a heavy40 metal feel rrugfu be more appropriate. Each client gets a different song, though Serge mhuits that they may repent a line from lime to time. They try 10 avoid this as there is always the danger that two clients may meet-and compare SOngs, but most songs are so personal, they couldn't be about anyone else. 'They rnighLinclude utcknames or references to some special habit. Most of Serge's custoruere are very satisfied with their songs. 'Yesterday J met 3. glrl who'd had a song: so done for her for Christmas. She played it in the bank where she works. She was nearly crying, explaining to me how much It meant to her. She knows the words by heart,' says Serge. 'To anyone else', he suggests, 'it might seem just like any oth-er song, but Mary certainly doesn't think so.' Are there <mysituations that Serge and tus songwriters couldn't deal with? For example a woman about to split up with a man who wants 1.0 leave him a song 00 remember her by'? Could Serge 60 and his team come up with something appropriate? 'Sure. We could do that Though lt's not a snuauou we've ever been presented with. Thank goodness!'
31)

Choose the correct alternative 10 answer the following questions. 1 Doesthe word 'these' in line 10 refer 10
A names like B names like { names like D names like

Use your general knowledge and the context to work out what the followmq words; from the above article mean. Circle the correct altemauvs. 1 Often people have ideas very suddenly. So 'struck' (line 23) means A hit sharply Or forcefully. 8 came immediately to the mind.
2A

Maria, Frankie or Johnnie? Graham, Bruce or Jacqueline? eleanor, Carol or Bernadette? Sue or 'Suzie?

7 Doesthe word 'her' in line 2' refer to A Serge'swife Cathy? B the groom? C Serge? D the bride? l Doc-s word 'this' in the
A fine

song is a combination of words and music. So 'lyrics' (line 32) means

A the words of a song, especially a modern popular song. B a musical instrument. 4.3 refer to 3 Something that only friends usually know about a person is the special name they like to be called So 'nickname' (line 47) means A the same as surname. 8 a name used intormefly ins-tead of a person's real name. 4 If you listen to a song a lot you eventually remember the words. $0 'she knows the words by heart' (line 53) means A she has memorised the words. 8 she feels strongly about the words. Find words in the text So, love, (his is your song with the fo"owing mesnlnqs,
1A

repeating a line from time to time? B two dents meeting? C writillg different songs for each dent? D clients comparing songs? 4 Doesthe word 'so' in
line

55 refer to the fact

A that there are srtuarions that Serge and his songwriters couldn't deal with? B that It meant a lot to her? ( that it seems just like any other song? o (hat she knows the words by heart? 5 Does the word 'that' In line 61 refer to A leaving him with a song to remember her by? B comrng up with s.omething appropriate? ( boeingpresented with a situation? D d€!oaling with the request? Learner training You can improve your English and do well in FeE if you read newspapers, maqezines and books in EnglishWhen you read widely rike this, you will see wordsthat are new 10 you. Sometimes it is necessary look them up in a bilingual dictionary to SometimesIt IS better to work out the me-aning usingyour qeneral knowledge and the WOrds. and sentences around the new word.

word meaning 'man about to be married'

2 A word meaning 'woman about 10 be or recently married'.


A word meaning 'unmarried girls; who help the woman getting married at a marriage ceremony'. 4 A word meaning to marry'

'agreement

5 A word meaning 'a dale that is remembered because it is an exact number of years after an event'

41

"_'"

UN I T

It's all in the mind


gerunds and infinitives
2 Fill in the gaps in the following sentences With the correct form 01 [he verbs jn brackets.
1 If

Grammar:

they're too bIg, try


(wear)

them

with thicker sods 2 I'd like more about works.


how

, ... (know) the brain

3 I remember ..,..... (wake up) very early fifth 4 Try

on my

birthday.

not; . . (""'ke) rmstakes with verb tenses in the exam.


I sropped,..

necklace. There are grammatir.:~1mistakes in seven of them. Find the


mistakes and write the sentences 1 At first Mary denied to steal the necklace.
2 Even when

1 The following sentences

come from

;;I

story called Lady MusgroJl@'S

to a friend

was late tor class because I ... (talk) I melon the way_

out again correctly in your notebook

6 Today is a holiday, but luckily I remembered .. (go) to the bank yesterday.


7 I stepped .

her fingerprints were found all over lady Musgrove's. dn::.~ing room, she continued to claim she was innocent

(smoke) three years ago 8 I like .. . (go) to the beach at the weekends. but it's seldom warrn enouoh.

3 She pretended not to hear when tlley asked her where she had been the evening the necklace vanished. 4 But eventually she admitted to take it. S The i;lstomshing thing was that she refused saying where she had hidden it, even when lord and lady Musgrove offered to drop the charqes. 6 Finally, when the police were arranging take her to the station, she agreed returning it 7 She seemed to be genuinely sorry, and lord and lady Musgrove promised 10 let her keep her job However, she said she would prefer to work as.a shop essrstent and that she intended to go to London 9 She hoped finding a job there. 10 lady Musgrove said she? would try helping her find work.
11

Mary Slopped to cry and thanked her for her kindness.

42

C"/IT6

It's ..[Jin~mlnd

Listening:

note taking

I Pap.r 4, Part 2

>

i2I

Now

listen end ccrnplete

the sentences.

About the exam In nus type of exercise in Paper 4 you listen for: • the main POints . • specific information

r Hot tip! - - - - - - - -, L!E~~:!Y~d~~ve!:::e.:r:!e;:.:e=n.:._j


Grammar: key word transformations
[paper 3, Part 3
Complete meaning the second sentence to the first sentence.

>

Strategy
Studythe Incomplete notes befer€:,you listen to
work Out what kind of information you need to

so that it has a similar use the word in bold

and other words. 1 He


didn't ribrary. want to

lis1en for.

teke

the

books back to the

1 vou ore going

to hear a scientist

talking

about

feel

the body clock. First look at the sentences and think about the kind of information you need to complete them
1 It

He .. the library.
afford

......... the books

back

to

That overcoat costs too much.


t •••• .•

is

only

when that

our
WE':

no.rme L routine noticeour

is

that overcoat.
on

or ." e~~~~~!?:?j:c~.1 _r~~~~~,. ..


2 Everyone's determined biological by

interrupted

physical

He-hates it if afternoons stand He afternoons

he has to study

Saturday

rhythms

are

.. on Saturday
accept my

of night, night into day


.••

day

into
W01;'ks

She said she would few days late.

FeE

registration

agreed
She ..

best. around miOnight.


4 Short term memory Lae t s abou t

reqistreticn

a few

. days late. buy

my FeE

5 Tbe best

time

to

do

problem

solvtng

tasks is around
in the morning. the afternoon is when works 1A Ii Three in

Would you dictionary)

Do you think I should suggest ...

a bilingual cktionary?
a

bilingual

She wouldn't refused

lend me her notebook. her notebook said they were plumbers. .... plumbers

best.
peak

She

person-s between.
of

reflexes

are

at

their . ...

The burglars pretended The burglars.

o'clock. b l as t

8 A splash

cold

wane-r- and

can help :} Inside

you

wake

up two

in

the

morning

Do you expect Do you

think

you will pass the

exam?

the exam? you


do the

the

brain to body sunlight

t.Lny

structures

COnnected control

'Why don't encouraged

exam

again!"

he said.

our

clock. helps people

He .. 10 I haven't smoked for gave


I

the exam again


three years " three years ago

Iii 1i-xposure to

43

.,_

-------lIj\.lT(.
It'Si!I!llnlhl'miM

Vocabulary: multiple choice cloze

EDUCATION IN AUSTRALIA
In ustralia most children (I) ....

About the exam


Apart from adjectives of which and ve-rbs that are followed words to use in particular by prepositions, knowll?dge you will be tested on your

contexts Strategy
Check that each of the alternatives the context, A agenda For example. B timetable can

be

used in

look at these words: C

ptogramme that
is planned. would be But in a text

All of the words 'tjmetable' a text about about

refer to time school,

is the most likely alternative 'agenda' meeting:and 'programme'

about classes ln a
concerts

best

in

jn a text

Read the following alternative Remember alternatives below that in

text and then choose the correct for each of the numbered exam choose gaps.

the for you to

them will from.

be

four

1 A attend 2 A A brought personal matters up

B assist B educated B private B courses.

ego
C trained

C C

particular subjects

4A
5

primary school from the age of five. Only rwo per ccnr of children of primary setH,",1 age arc (2).. at home. Some children who go 10 school abo take-up extra activities such 3" learning to pillY a musical instrument or dancing, and they go to (3) .. classes for these and for school (4).. they find difficult or particularly interesting, such as languages, mathematics or computing. Ninety-five per cent of rhe populmio» go on to secondary school, bUI a much smaller percentage (5). ...... the final year ~Irecondary s school examinations and complete a university (6}.... . At (he moment university (7).... . ami graduates make up less than <I third of tile total population. Australian universities are modern and well-equipped. Most teaching is by a combination of(8) .. nnonals and practical classes. The humanities courses like History and Philosophy. usually involve :1 ~Q[of extra (9)..... .. ... in the library To become ~I rimary or secondary p school (lO)c<c it is usually necessary to study at :1 university for three ye a rs ur more.

A succeed degree

B pass.
B

C spprove
C career C students. C talks C training C teacher

6A
7 8

curriculum

A pupjls A lectures. lectures

B trainees B conferences 8 readillg B professor

Learner training
'False friends' art" words Jn Englisil that look very in

9A
10

similar to
something mean: It would person. friends'.

words

other

languages,

but mean is en example. someone languages

different.

'Sympathetic'

If

A lecturer

you say 'She was very sympathetic,' 'She showed else's suffering.' In many other thoLJght

in English, you

that she understood European

mean that you

It is a good idea to make

she was.a nice e list of 'false

r Hot tip! L
I The

- - - - - - - -, Incorrect attemewes are sorneumes 'ta'se friends'

.J I

44

lTXIT(,

Irsal! in the rrund

Vocabulary: education
Find len words in the grid below to do with

Speaking:

short responses

education.Then write a definition of eech word. EXAMl'lf


tfuam:

a student who stays away from


permission Al the beginning encourages of Paper 5 the Interlocutor information about you to give personal

school without

CA P R lMTG AY E 5 5BRM 50MT BHV D


G ( W R

HEAT MBAFZ ECKPK Q WM AR x5E IRZ 5V FVHQuI P I NA E DAY 5 5 JFIXNJNE YK0LTMZ X


C

yourself Strategy Make 'Sure you know how to \(1110:: about: • why you ere learning English • subjects you study/studied at school/University. • free time activities.
• your family • the area where you live.

R P
K L E

Or

5
S

" your plans for the future

0
N Heft;' are some €;qjmples of candidates doing the first part 01 Peper 5_Who gives the best response in each case? So are and


j~ the

Match a word in tile box below with an obrect picture.


calendar lamp stapler pencil

INTERLOCUTOR:

you

Daniel

Nilgun_

First of all about you,

bookcase

we'd about about


DANIEl:

like to know yourselves.

something What

'Sharpe-ner biqhliqhter
waste-paper bin

calculator

notebook

so I'm going to ask. you some questions do you like most

paper clips

your school? I like ... I don't know how to say it in


English ... inforrnatlc? and sport. What do you like most, Nilgun?

INTEFILOCUTQR:

NllGCrN:

Ilike everythjnq really The things I find most mterestinq are maths and science subjects. Chemistry is my favourite

NltRlO(UlOR~

What
I don't
What

will

you do when you

leave school,

Nilgun? NllGUN:
INTERLOCUfOR:

know will you do, Daniel?

DAN!EL:

I'd like to go to university to study engineering or computer science.

Now roleplay

this part of Paper 5 With two each take it in turns to

friends.

You should

play

the part of the examiner.

45

l~'IT

(,

II's

eu ill

'th(,'

mind

Writing:

discursive
Pa7t'2 •'

I Paper

2,

>
an antde express.ing your

About the exam


opiliion about

In Paper 2. Pan 2 you rni;lY be asked to write somethmg.

Look at the following has made SiK mistakes and disagreeing. correctly

task and the an~f and write

one ~ndidate

wrote, ,He

with the language

of gwing

opruorrs

and agreeing out again

Find the mistakes

the sentenc~

in your notebook. \

An international magazine has asked" yo~ to write an ~rlicle expressing your opinion about the lol1owmg statement. Co-educa!ion is a disaster for girls

r---------~--------------I"", rwt ~ frrr IwtA It"'


~

Wrile a short article for the maqazlne, based on your own experience.

wifJ.. th< ",~fin..r·'O"MjI~Co·~

stat---.t 'Co- ~ ""'"'-~

"

J..-ve bctit ~"a'"


SM<e<>.

o~
~

tJuzt g<rIJ M>Wi M ""


tu'e M.tn"e

StU - ~

welL ,_;,_ :tJu,

~
f;q

of~.

B~ ~

gd

II"VW"

<t ~

.tv

tMr~,

'F 10 kn"w ~

~~ Wt/.e..", ~
o(

wi)j_

,,_.,_.

/.u..
h..w,
Sel<

~
tN. ~~
[e"._,-",tg

I am."f"U

"Pte- a p4i.n.t tM.t

f'C'%W< "'- «>-ed«~

scJ..m,1<,

,,,",,,eo <W. rwJt ~ $~ed. ~ ~ ""-'-"l11hvn to ~e,_.ifh

k owre I>uA: u.... "tWo ,_;,_ sa0~ """'"""'-.

Anotitu- ~-.t

"'t..<Mf co-~ ,;s that ~ maJi.u.< M<1l'e ~ :tha,.. ~ <>Mi tkd thi< hcu. til back. 7hi<" truIA up J" poin-t, W sUH.I<J tI\.< bcy-s ~de IiJ-r thi< -'" .-thv """if'. 7Ju. seees an ddr"""" alttr- al1 and M -liM- "" T "'" ~

theu. diH~

are "

F'" tiling.

So Id's N7I: s~ b~ and ~ ....... In "'iJ pqi..t vitw we ~~irWedo.o.

or

F '" aur
lU'f ~

~ tIum

46

l~NIT

r,

1n

all

In

!he

mmd

Rewrite the following letter with correct punctuanon. 1 dear mr


{etlJl$

1 Underline key words in the instructions. Make two columns: one headed FOR, [he other AGAINST. Think of arguments for or in favour of the statement. Wnte them in the first column Think of arguments against and write them in the second column. 3 Choose one of these two plans. (They are .QQ!b good plens.)

m!l tfl1u,yhterheten tuiIll10C k etHe att'Md scllcol tomorruw I'1'/Clrning

to

"PLANA
she has at ruae
all

apptrir"ttment

od.n:k

MM the cientist

r"trod~cfiO'Yl: my crpirncm.

• Paragraph 1: paint forMe stat..",,,,,t;


t!r9",menf ,,:y,U1sf 1his P<""t. • P"ragraph 2: pan! frrr 1he st"femerlt;

4 dr me/rQses suryvy ($ a.kut tW-e-U!I mvudes.;nm. tfs ceNre 0/ CamUndye


It is wUike'r th4i kfore midd"'fl '<WI

"rijument "9";"5t this point. Umd~5il1l1: state opi"''''' "9"in.

get

hden

to school

,,~"'''
, umuid "" _gmiifui if JPU =uWex""" frOm. en.Jush (1.l'Id ma.l/i~ic$ classes her

• "\."~-,d ..v.~·.""'j"?'-...c",, l"o.r~~r~ \. W-~""mD.oh "" ~<Wovr


"'"3u.m...",ts

-e

or
~

\:h.. s\A"",..",l:·

• l""'''j<~ z.

':j~

sl:P.te.m.e.n.t ("""\.us",,," sWe~


• Read the following task .3nd [hen write your answerin 120- 180 words. Use the language of agreeingand disagreeing from Exercise 1 and make sureyou use correct punctuation. Youhave been asked to write an article for an English language newspaper aimed at parents with your-g children. Your article should be a response to the following statement: Foreign langt.J$ges ShOuld b8 !aught at nursery
schoof level.

"':5";'"

4 Write your article. S Check carefully for mistakes with verb forms Strategy If you cannot think of arguments for sed against, imagine what people you actually know would think about the question. What would your mother think? How about your best friend? And your grandparents?

47

-..

----';...;.;..;.....;.;.;----'-~

U~IT (,

It's all in [he mind

How to boost
your memory
(1£) Perhaps you do badty in exams because you can't recall facts and ligures or words and srnctures in ::I loreign ranguage. Are you always losing things or lorgefling Ihe books )IOU need tor school that day? Or uc )IOU Iorgs-t what Mum wanled you to gel at the corner shop? Relax! Hetp is close at h3nd. There's a tremendous lange of methods to boost your memory-

15_)
Normal, healthy people can imprOYEl tMlr memories .... easily. First 01 all ery learn 10 relax if you're trying to memorise somelhlng. You may miss important items if your mind is on SOmething else or if you weren't pay! attention because of anxiety - you retain informalion eest when you are alert and ccncentreunq. II you're na . trouble concentrettoq. increase the II 01 oXygenated blood 10 tne brain Despite Its small size the brain uses per cent of the body's oxygen requirement. So try to combine study with exercise. particularly the kind of exercise thaI gals you breathing laslel' Keep your mind Ilf as well as vour by doing menial wcrkcers. CrOS:SWQ Scrabble arid quizzes all h.elp to keep the mind in shape. 16_) You can also Irain your memory in certain ways. The ancient Greeks invented memory systems called mnemonics. and they still work today. Most systems Involve associating tna things you want to remember with something you atreedv have safely stored in your head, arid the most effective systems make USB of visual imagery. smeu, lauch and sound. If want to remember some-one's name, I to find something distinctive aboullh hair, nose or eyes to associate with I name, e·9· Jane's wearing-jewellery, Dm's iall or .6.111·sot a beard. If vcu g want 10 remember numbers nv to mal: associancns between numbers in sequence -I!link 01 people's apes, special dates, whether they're odd or even.

Reading: multiple
matching

Strategy
Find

the sentence that

expresses the main idea in each paragraph. The headings you choose from will also express the main idea.

1>-1
article and from done
US!='.

Read the following

choose
below

a heading

the list The

for each paragraph

fJrSl one has. been

for you
which

There IS one extra heading you do not need to

Your memory is like a brljleru. but unreltable computs-r storing a vast amount of mrcrmetlon. In lacl the memory's capacity is theoretically unlimited. The brain can reccrc more than 86 bnaon bits 01 information every dal" and our memories can probably hold 100 Iriliion bils in a liletime.

A A very powerful mechanism. B two ways of remembering.


C Why we forget
OUf

13_1
Nevertbetess only ebout 20 per cent of our daily experience is registered, and 01 that only a liny proportion is loaded into long term memory. Most of the images and ideas that pass through our minds during a day are held for only 25 1030 seconcs. This is Just long enough lor us to be able to keep the words of a sentence in our head as we read it so we understand its meaning. (4_) We atsc remember difrarent things in two diHerent ways: declarative and nondeclarative. Declarative memory deals wilh concrete things, specific events and facls such as what we have been doing and our recall of Ihings. lhal hWe happened. Non-declarative memory lnenmee Irnowledge of generallhings. how to rjde a bicycle, how 10 behave and so on. Someone with amnesia will almost always remember how to ride a bike, but may well forget her OWn name. One sad victim ollhis type 01 amnesia announces every ten minutes that he has 'jUS! woken up'. Every I!me his wile walks into Il1e room he th-rows his arms around her as if he has not seen her for veers, even though she nas only been gaM for a few minutes, Yet this man, formerly a highly-tatented musician, is still able to play the plano and conduct a choir Ihrough 11 long and comptlcaied concert piece.

earliest

memones.
o Short term and long term

memory
E Healthy body; healthy F An oJd approach but one. G Are you forgetful?

a good

mind.

lea,.ner
Label real paper with

traimng
objects
in your room smell pieces of the English

or house witn

words

written on them. You can learn other words in this way as well For example, if YOu want to learn all the words for school

subjects, stick pieces of paper these words on objects in your room. Try to associate the
with word words. walking with the object. When the

~
D

~:-

rr",

you want to

remember imagine voursef round

~~
e

the room and with

seeinq the various objects the labels.

48

UNIT

The price of fame


Strategy
You will hear the cassette twice. Before yov listen underline key words in the questions. listen for mention of these key words the first time you hear the cassette listen to an interview with Alex Dirnitrtades. the star of em Australian TV series, and rrerk the following statements T (true) or F (false.). 1 Alex found it ei;lSY ge-t to used to being famous. Alex has been In several plays. 3 Alex wants to get a part in another film 4- Alex hasn't seen all of Robert de Niro's films. The interviewer asks Ale)( a lot of questions about his private life. The interviewer is interested in how he feels about being famous

Grammar: error correction


'iJper 3. Part 4 Strategy As you (@adthe text, 'say' the words in your mind. Readthe following text and look carefully at each line. Some of the lines arecorrect and some have en exira incorrect word that should not be there. If a hne is correct, put 2l tkk (....) next to it If a line has a word that should not be there. circle the word end write It at the end of the line Thereare two examples at the be-ginning (0 end 00) Stagefright o EVM the most experienced performers suffer from 00 @stagE'fright. Sometimes this can be so extreme 1 that it almost completely paralyses the person concerned.
a They stand in the willgs. 130 or their heart beatinq at a rate of

V the

3
4

5
6

1 II 9
10
11

12

n
lq

15

135 for e minute and often seriously think about not going 01'1_ Some even they find it impossible to remember the performance at QIIafter it is ever. Othe-rs geou,ne'y believe they have completely forgotten all their lines or one of in parncujar. Most have feel ill. They sweet and shiver anc their stomachs are make strange noises Considering the agonies that even such as well-known ectors as Dustin Hoffman or Robert de Niro go through, it is surprismq that less experienced performers ever have the courece to walk on stage at all. 50 next time that you are feeling ne-rvous before a job intetview or an oral examination, remember you are in good company. The world's top performers know exactly how do you feel. They Should. They often feel a lot worse

Learner training
If you have a short wave radio, you can listen to broadcasts jn English from aU over the world. This will help you get used to the different accents you may hear in Papers 4 and 5

lllistening:

selecting

P"P!'_r~.Part 4 About the exam 111 Paper4 you may hear djfterent accents such as Australian and Scottls.h accents as well as speakers whose first language is not Eflg];s-h.

49

'.- ....

_.::U~c:".:_T.:_7 _,",,=,c:ii(::,,;;Q';,;";;.""::

..

Vocabulary: entertainment
Look at the followmq sentences and uedde if the people are talking about theatre, music. film, painting or sculpture. Mark thE!'sentences T (theatre), M (musid, F {film}, P (paintmg) o( S (sculpture). In some of the sentences more than one category IS possible. 1 My audition went really well and 1got the part. The !ead sing.er also plays guitar. His first exhjbition op-ens oext week. 4 I don't know who tom posed favourite piece.
5 We it,

Vocabulary and grammar: open cloze


"Paper 3, Part 2

>

Strategy Read the text all 1he way through and make sure you know what !t IS about before you begin to answer.

bUI it's my

Read the foJlowJng text and answer the5€cuesnons. 1 Is.it about a play or a film? .

could only gE!'ttickets in the front row so we were much too close 10 the screen. One of the critics said the director should hav~ stuck to actmq. It had such a sad ending that elmost everyone in the audience was crying.

2 How many lines of the text do you have 10 read before you can be certain? .. When we got to the booking office, there were \lery (1) tickets left so we couldn't sit (2L. George sat in the front (3).... because he likes.to be near the (4)... and I sat towards the back of the (Sl... A .. 'Soon a:; it started, I knew I wasn't (6) to like it. I really can't (7) that kind of thing. Something like . ten people were killed in the first ten rmnutes, and the director (8)... .. ... made Sure that he didn't miss a sir.gle detail. There was one (9) that made me feel qcne sick, I don't think they should be allOWEdto show (10)... violent films. I'm sure they have a bad effect Oil people. I suppose [he only good thing about it was the actor who played the (11 ) of the gangster_ He was. really brilliant. The soundtrack was good, too. There were songs.by all the best known (12)... .... trom the slxtlss. like the Beatles and the Rolling 'Stones. I might try and buy the CD when it (13) ..,.. out I got the impression the (est of the (14) ..... didn't enjoy it much either. It just goes to show you (15) never trust what you read in reviews In the press. The critics have such stranqe taste in films.

8 Are there any well-known heavy metal groups in your country? He almost forgot his lines in the p€'rlormam:e we saw. 10 11
J thought that young woman conductor was. really brilliant

He did all

the statues in the park

12 The audience went on eppleudinq even after the last curtain call. 13 The photography was wonderful, but I didn't think much of the plot. 14 Have you heard their latest album? 15 They're very modern and the colours are amazing,

Now read the text again and fill in the gaps with an appropriate word.

50

l;N"IT 7

the pnce 01 lame

Grammar:

Present Perfect
,n the- following dialogues. with Find

The following English children.

sentences

were a~1written mistakes with

by
the Past

They contain and

Fill in the gaps

Simple end past partklple

forms of irregular

verbs

the correct Past Simple. Present Perfect Simple or Prese-ntPerfect Continuous form of the verbs in brackets.
A 11: (1 ).. . (~) ...... the latest Arnold (see) it .. _ (th,nk) (like)

the mistakes

write the sentences

out again

correctly

in your notebook.

Scbwerzeneqqer film? s: Yes. I (2)


A: What (3).

last weekend of it?

lbe Wlri:I has blowed down all the tree, in our street

it.
i1

but [ violent.

(rhink)
(be) a

bit

A:

(71.

(hurt) your hand? lt's all red ...... (hit) it with a hemmer .. (go) to . ...

and swollen
8: Yes.' (8). this morning. I (9)

carpentry classes for the test couple of weeks. A:


{lO)...

(make) any furniture yet?


(make) a small It was her

B: Yes, I (1)

cottee table for my wife last week.

birrbday present.
(nor/see) Alex for weeks. (go)

away somewhere? .
. .

s: No. j trunk he (14)._.... earn and so he (15)...


out very much lately. Hey! (16)...

(study)

tor em

(not/go)

(p<Iss)
A~

your driving

lest last week' .... (fail) and that's the

No I (J 7)...

thirdtime! (8).

.....

(take)

the test!

51

'",-,

------"---'---

II:-;n 7

The

pnce

ct fame

Writing:

report

Paper 21 Part 2 About the exam In Paper 2. Part 2 you may be asked to write a report on a place have visited and what it offers ~ p.;lrtl(ul<;lf group of people

you

, Look at the following task and the iJ.iISW€(S two candidates. wrote which the examiner has. already marked.
You work in a language school helping to crqsnlse excursions and trips for students. The school director has asked you to prepare a report on a museum in your area. Write your report in 120-180 words describing the Candidate 8

1<eP"'rl +he S¢.;<'!-<"1ce To: S.::.h¢ol "Dire.:::~


ct"I

Mu::;;;su.,.,

F~:
l::bt<!'!

museum and what it has to offer students of English as.a foreign language. Mention both good and bad paints in your report.
Candidate A

EXc..ur.si.:!'"r'l~ Q+Rcer dvili-it: 12 Ap.--,-, ~ Sc.ie"ce ~~ I will


I'Ifo::Ika

h.:!.,.a vi$i+ed i; ,t '.Vilt

MuSeum

las+
en

decJde S~

-ICrr sfude.nts .::::.:m. ....


a.,ts

IoW':4k-; .fn:.m -ffls.


-f+I.,_

-it>

see.

;oIIO'Wi~:

pl""i~,

in+~"'e.:st, "::JT1.E'-4~e

It
This

Costs
j$ ~

£5
r'lE

Tin-Jen--tral1C@.

~"

+ic~+

-fh~

mUSt!!.Lm'f~

Thera 11-''''''''61.

+.:>0 axpensiv'i:; 1Dr n10sr a spoe.ci.:lj pl""i~ On We.dnaoli:d~


rn~f

s+t...dO!!!.l'1tG'l n>n'I"l'lin.a:!

(£2.5.0), but

sn..00-ri-b +hs.
mu§~1'YI

ard.

J" class .0+ +hi:5


it

H.Qlo'IIe. ...er,

IS
.i"n',;1k.e.-s

Y"e~

(-see nex,l- soectiOT'l) sa +hi_5 2.IMterest Tho!ll""E. l(S! d


fflr;Io~

WDrfhi.

ir"1+ero!ll:stlr;.a

exhibi-fs

and

oIi5pkJ_.!Js, .o~h c/~ -6::w

the $eC+ian C'J"o ~-h-.:>,..aIYl~ t"oEl'~O'l5) Most p$QpJe_ will


intel""as+S

was.

-/i·l"ldSUn'le.ff1ir:!£j

+hctt
en

tne.

I-'l«man

them. I~+he bod..!J.

~e<;:h:m

3_ LQ~UQge AU aF the. e><hibd-s haye ~ d.@..lt


1I.s.~n;n.s

~ort i$ ~n.

t~

I" ~'}g(ish
'50""1<9

€l(pliCC'lti'1Brh...+ 1:Iat. =..Id ~ :5G'n'\~+im(l;S.

exhibits a

had ~pe-s

Iisten.(.Th~w<Sf"e.

In '5pita rnp.a:s.
Ieit'd:;;

<» --fhjs.

bit

I -think

rn.:il'lS:l

s-h.;d,g",+S cou(d

imp-ov.:\< the:Jr ~n.E{ish

-to

the';i-o

C:OI'lc..tusj~n: this mt.jS6um.

.I thi.,k: The

4-

al"ld

!i>ha:uld

lIi~>it

~.:::her"'$

~h~ld we are

prepdlre.

sam~ ac:fivitic5

+0 do

......nile

-there,

52

l'NIT 7 'lbe prke ot fame

Now read the examiners comments below. l/oIhich comments apply to Candidate A and which to Candidate B~

.. despite-lin spjte of • although/even though • However ColumnA

• but • On the other hand

1 Comments: Candidate GIlde: Good The task of writing done wel L, with careful attention

.......•••••••.

lOur

visit 10 the museum was enjoyable

2 We managed to see the exhibits on new technologies a report layout of tense has been and and uses more than the range a clear 3 Most students thought the museum loterestinq was

to the instructions,

Several students bought copies of the guide We found it a bit difficult to understand alJ the recorded Information With some exhibits Visits 10 museums csn be a bit boring sometim€-S
Column .a) b) 8 thst they cost £15,00.

jhere ere some errors vocabulary, but

the cendi.date contains

linking words very well. Although the report candidate could

the fact

the minimum number of words, have used of vocabulary.

some of that section of the museum was. closed.

a wider

c) they are en excellent way to learn abo Lit the world and to practise our English
d) the high €»

entrance

lee

and the Crowds. us a lot


of

our teachers

had taucht

the vocabulary.

2 Comnents: Candidate Grade: Unsatis factory There are some good structures vocabulary, but there is erite a report specific points
1

1)

some of us felt that there wasn't encuqh information about the exhibits. Now write a report in 120-180 words in answer to the task in Exercise 1,

and to

no attempt

or to cover

any of the

in the instructions. of a linking and there tenses. with verb

1 Think of good and bad points about the museum, especially in relation to students of English
2 Join

Thf!fe is one example are also two mistakes

eapression used incorrectly

{he good and bad points using the linking expressions listed in Exercise 4.
into

Organise your sentences paragraphs.

numbered
In

4 Write your report following the layout Bs answer, Look at the two candidates' answers 3gain. The eamner has marked a number of mistakes if) orange. W~le the sentences with mistakes out again correctly 10 your notebook. Join the phrases and sentences in Column A with those in Column B using an appropriate rink.ing word/phrase from the following list. Write the (DmpJet~ sentences in your notebook. YOu will need to usesome ot the linking words/phrases more than once.Becareful of punctuation.
S Check your

Candidate

answer carefully for mistakes with verb

tenses.

53

-r,

..,;l;;.",..,;,r..,;'_..,;Th::".::,,::.e:.;o::.,;;:,,::::me

Reading:

multiple choice

Answer

the followmg the article

I Pa"..r

1. Part 2

>
questions

questions

about

About the exam


In this part of Peper 1 YOu may be asked relationship between words in the text about the

1 The writer uses the word 'guitar' sixteen time-s in this text. What two other words

does he lise

Instead of "guitar'?

Strategy
Apart from

In paragraph people who wordlwords that 10 refer

1 the writer play guitars.

uses What

words

like pronouns

(e.q. ;t them)

and demonstratives

(e.q. in

the phrase 'pop stars' to refer to does. he use before

this, that), nouns and verbs can refer beck or Forward to other words the text. For example:

Making the wax models is a highly skilled and tengthy process. From start to finish it takes months of work for me artists and craftsmen who combine to produce tile final figure, All the waxworks. are lite-sue replicas 01 the real oerson. down to the last detail
The words. 'wax the models'. 'figure', 'waxworks' related and "replicas" ~II refer to words like this, This will

to pop stars?

Paragr.aphs 4 and S are about What 0) b)

same

th~ng.

look

for

networks ot

materials used to make- guitars. mate-rials are mentioned?

help you understand

the text

1 Read the
following A companies

following is not

subjects

text about guitars and referred to.

decide

which one of the

c) . d) 0) . f)

that make guitars

B materials guitars are made of ( the role of technoloqy D other musical Instruments

1 lNhether il'$ tlie melodic sound of an Enc Clapton solo or the growt 01 a hea\l)' metal band, tlie electric guitar has influenced popular music and cullure mora than any other msnoment. Rock's greatest musicians h~ve always been closely identified With their guitars. But the jnstnments being oesfonec tor tomorrow's pop II) stars may look and sound rather differenl from toceys familiar electric and acoustic guitars It is only sixty years since the electric guitar was Invented. Since then there have been incredibl-e changes to uie technical oesrno of the lnsuumaru. From what was once a rounded wooden cox wilh lit hole in the front, the quuar has evolved inlo tlie smooth solid body of [he rock gtJiiar~s1's 'axe', The most modem guitars aru- 11.:3111" computer-controlled symhestsers. Adolph Bickenbacser's Electro

String Company produced the worrcs first elecelc guilar. It was made of wood and played on U"Ieusaf's lap The lirst real breaklMrough in design came in 1950 when Leo Fender. a 30 Californian ramo repauman. made me first solid-bodied electric guitar, the Fender Telecaster. Soon ajter Ihe inventor Les Pau1 made the temcus Gibson Les Paul. Fender launched its stylish Stralocaster (wo years laler. These punsrs became standard instruments againsl which newer guilar designs are measured. All sorts of different meterlals have <to been used to make guitars. ACOLISUC aunara are made from wood, whICh gives a soft tone. Wood is also e popular rnaterlal in electric guitar maruaacture. but more modem materials such as glass and carbon tlbre are also used rnere have aiso been guitars with metal bodies and necks though these were never pcpcrer with players, who claim metal SJ; feels cold lntne hand Plastics, on me other hand. have been. more used in guitar bodies. A company thai makes parts for the aerospace lildustf'y has begun to use

a kilid of fibreglass that was origmally used in helicopter blades to make the bodies lor its electuc-acousuc instruments. OIt1e{ makers have begun to experiment graphile, a 60 material that is ten times stiffer than wood but mucllligilter 11 doesn't expand or connect as the iernperelure or hl.unidlly cnanqes etlller, ThiS makes u particularly SUItable lor guilar necks and for tennis rackets, for which It is also

wnn

70

As IOllg as sclerntsie and musicians wOrk together harmoniously, the electric guitar will continue to benelit from technological innovations. Bul for all the efforts of the guitar companies' design engilieers, prooucnon managers and quality controllers, irs the musicians who linaJly make the Instruments sing - and not necessallly 111 the way the guitar maker intended.

used

ItOm

Focm

magazme

11:>iIT'

'lhe price- 0-1 f,;,JYI~

Choose the correct altematve to answer the following questions. 1 What is hk€!ly to change in the future? A the influence of the guitar on popular culture B styles of guilaf music C the guitars themselves D how musldans feel about their guitars 2 The first electric guitar was computer-controlled'. played sitting down. C not hollow inside o designed by Leo Fender.
A B

Speaking:

opinion exchange

Strategy Make sure you know how to: • ask someone else what their opinion is. • express your opinion • aqree/disaqree politely with someone else's.opinion. • ask for/give advice.

3 The guitars that in the fifties

were designed

I!!l

1 Listen to two candidates doing Paper 5, Pan 4 and fill in the qeps in the following extracts.
It

A were unsuccesst ul Bare etten compared 10 qurtars designed today. C were made of wood o werf! played sitting down. 4 Which material was disliked by musicians?
A

depends on the instrument.

if you only want to enjoy playing, ... if you want to have a good time, you can start to learn when YOLlare quite old and it doesn't matter. 3 Well, .. .. .a good teacher like me ...... a clarinet at the beginning. .. to see if you like it ....

metal 4

every

day,

B wood

C plastic D carbon fibre S Why is graphite a good material for guitar necks? A
B

wert.

. a small drum kit and practise- while you listen to albums by your favourite groups. When you are a little bit better, ... a group. Oh, and ., to lots of rock concerts and watch the drummers. That's the best way to
H" ..

leem

used for tennis rackets. It is heavier than wood. e It i'> more flexible than wood D It is not affected by atmospheric conditions, ~

n has.been

2 In which extract or extracts is the candidate: al giving advice

b, giVIng an opinion
disagreeing politely

c)

6 Recent technological innovations have not really improved the electric guitar. B have been ignored by musicians. C cannot determine the way the guitar will be played. D ar~ not what musicians
A hoped for.

3 Listen to the follOWing sentences/phrases on the cassette and mark the word on which the main stress falls. Then practise saying the sentences yourself
EXAMPj_£ I

don't really aoree. 4 From my point of view .. 5 I couldn't agree more.

1
2

As I

far as I'm concerned .

comple-tely agree

3 That's right

55

.....

UN I T

Looking good
multiple matching Vocabulary:
Write words

Listening:

clothes
for the following 1 items of clothing.

About the exam


You may hear other sounds such <;IS traffic noise. machinery or people ta~king In the on the- recordinq This 15. to make it more reehstrc. There are no sounds once the actors start s.peaking
n015~ from background

Ii]

YOI) ere gOfng to clothes.

hear

five women

talking

about

Listen and match

each

extract

to a situation

below where It IS tJ~ing place. There is one extra situation which you do not need to use. Write the number

of the appropriate extract

in

the gaps. airport

A outside B In a shop

in at

an

college party

at'

home

F at a

Now listen to the extracts again and

match

them to the following statements. There is one extra statement which you do not need to use. Write the number of the appropriate it extract in the gaps.

A She thinks
B She doesn't C D

looks silly.
want about 10 leave the house what he would need.

Sh€> She

thought didn't

know

what

caused the problem before.

E Her mother F

hadn't

seen the clothes

She

is \I~I)' pleased with them.

56

• Read the following descriptions of the models in the pictures below. There are two mistakes of meaning In each sentence. Find the mistakes and write the descriptions out again correctly in your notebooks 1 Claudia is wearing a hlgh~heeled evening dress and long shoes. 1 Nick is wearing checked trousers and a grey skirt
3

Grammar:
A with

used to/would

1 Match the first parts of the sentences in Column the second parts in Column B. Write the appropriate letter in the gaps
A

Column
2 Are 3

Column

1 Did you you


U518d

a) to getting up so early. b) walk along the river holding hands

Paulis wearing a striped blouse, jeans and wellington boots

They

4 Wewould
5 I'm 6 We

cl use to smoke?
d)
f) to five

4 Kate is wearing a spotted dress and striped tights. 5 Tim is wearing a scarf and dungaree-s with leather bow-tie.
,fl

not used . didn't

near here.
50

plain,

e) getting used to the food?


USE!'

to watch

much

TV:

In which of the following sentences (cHI you use both would and used ro? Mark them witli a tick (....). In which sentences is there only One possibility? Cross out the one you cannot use.
1

When I was younger. we town on Saturday nighl.


would/used to spend afternoon getting ready.

used to/would

go into

2 We

most of Saturday

My friend Diana would/us@(} to Iilie only a few minutes walk from my house 4 She used m/would come- over to my house after lunch 5 We used 10 wear
to/would

wash our hair anc decide what

6 We us.ed to/would thjnk we looked really glamorous in our neree troU518(S, platform shoes and little tops. Mark where the main stress falls in the following words:
EXAMPlE:

7 My older brother wouldlu5ed to give lJSa lift into town clOdarrange to pick: U~ up rater. Complete the follOWing sentences in your own words. , When I was younger, I used to

'cardigan 6 sweatshirt 7 raincoat 8 eenmqs 9 waistcoat 10 T~5hirt

1 sandals 1 pullover 3 bracelet 4 pyjamas 5 dung.arees

My friends and I would .....

One thing r don't think older people will used to is ..

ever

get

57

Description

My /arlJUrife refafive. i5 my Au"t Lucy.


Writing: description
....

rPaper 2;":Part 2

>

Abo..,t the exam YOIJmay be asked to write a descriptron of a


person in Paper 2. Part 2.

5he tS my moiher$ older sisfer. She ~ -&rIy yettrs old, buf 5he looks yQlmger ·Hldn -1t1df. She h<ls dark h>1lrand i<: ,/;m wI#I green eyes. She 1Ui?t:(rstJ'ClSses.
favdlJrife colours are green and blue. She has a mce fJ..feen Jt:(ci<et thot she wears. 11 SUfis her. :she does nof wear very milch
SIlver fi'/j f,lk

She likes 6shiond61e c!ofh",;. Her

twO

students wrote. Which Description A Or Description

Read the following task and the answers that one is more interesting,
B?

Jewellery apart !rom"

Write a description 01 your favourite relative.


Description A

f)f"'mp In fhe 1?Jwn where she 7ives. She IS " leader af a high school-fhere tlfld her sfudenf.5 like her.

She ha~ a nice voice, Ske sin_qsin a

T/hink shfE/s

C/

very good pe;SJn.

Read the following comments a teacher wrote on Description B. Then write Q descnption of a f€l.alill€ fol!owing the teacher's advic€-and using the outline on page 59

lflf1#. ~
.ar.mah

lIdNA ~;

a~

a&~,

.DUC

t;t=c-

nu;

mpU

VJUr~.
d,",,~~?",,~

7M ~I-p('e_
;w~

1I.n(.4.:w ~

#d1V ~h tJ~Ql.:' at<l'>U.~tL..'.ku

-kn;
k~

,A ~ -: A Lot? "4rA.A4M:,~ZI,ffl"""G:>:·t_~ tC 14 ~2:~ tH. ..¢z~1r.( .awt in 4h-lAJl. .:n.4Ao-.u? Aiu;{ ~ du .&M yr::u.J~ ~

Jk=~? i/.:u.
£II

~"'.'M<~"""""'''''"'~'-<';'lI'
"_.;'~reUU4.:;J
t:thuf ZA.L

"', "#""?A~~~_..{~

.. ~",,

JlPft ~
?ha.t LK
~

~t~ p-lCle#t,
~at

1v1taC'

I"da~ ..d.'W «u. ,.:aft

t~ ~ ~

~ ~

nt( mI

4"And~~""~·>iMwd_..w
:IUr!4AK-.?

ne~_;)

~ ~ ........ dc 'Zfec:~d

~.~ ~
uat:

d~

..6, Vt A(,")

o<I!tli/ot,:>

1/""'-

~~d "'"' ..Iu~ l.=l~t:. il..n:z(. /uce~./"4- d ~ ""Z -4,*, (U,dpt&IL.? ~ ".(",lu;r4t'Udl':A4~ki:?

""*"

dn't'i'tt.4

An.d~"';"~

h/'A4t

d'g~""",#~.A...?

58

U:-''I'r

Ii

lOoking

good

Outline
I suppose rhe first thing anyone IS oUI .. notices about my ...
VE'fY

her/his .... SIne's got ... and .... Slhe's not

Vocabulary open cloze

and grammar:

most abour herlhim is the Onceyou get to know herlhim certeslhe ..


W/r.;lt f like

way 51he ...


YO(I

rffili5@

About the exam


Paper 3. PCli12 tests your knowledge of grammar and vocabulary. Sometimes there IS more than one possible word for vocabulary gClp5 Str~~gy II more than one word seems possible, choo5€' the one which fits the context best. For example: We have to ...... for the play we're putting on. In this sentence practisf:! and (@hearsewould both be possible, but rehearse is specific to the context of theatre and plays.

SJhe

a/ways wears

... S/he'~ also gOl

8ur the Slheis reJarille

most distinctive

thing about her/him i~ 15uppose chat's why sme is my favourite

3 Now write a description of another person likeand adrrure in 120-180 words.

you

I Decidewhich person LOwrite about. 2 Think about this person's • physical features (hair, beard/moustache, nose, eyes, mouth, hands). • general build. • unusual habits and/or hobbies. • fevourlte items of clothing • voice or laugh. 3: Write a plan including the points. you thought 4 Write your description. S /l5 always, check your work carefully. of.

Two different students have completed the following sentences- from gap fill exercises. Circ1e the best answer in each case.
I When we qot

to the cinema there were very few tickets left 50 we couldn't s.it.4ownftogetheIF

The common cold has been caljed the single most expensive iIIMt:661pCQQNm in the world. -,

r !lot tip!

I L~~e!

DON'T jusl write a list of delilil~ about the person ~OI.J are (le-scribingl Think of general charectertsrks and how t~

I
.J

Runners suffer more injuries than many other F2P0-pleJathletes. 4 All kinds oH:I1}ng9lmatenals have been usee to make guitars: wood. fibre glass, plastic and metal.
He is very secretive. He never tells anyone Imyt;hin9kwrytlTtrrg about his personallife

P':_SO_: ::r~e::...

Write a description of a famous person but do not say who ~tis. When you have finished show it to anotherstudent and see if s/he can guess who it is

6 She W.i;3S weannq sandals althou9h1beca~t cold ilnd wet outside.

was

7 He decided to i1e/.become a professional football player and gave up his job et the bank. 8 Do you like to wear a particular braMdLkitl.d-of trelners such as Nike Or Reebcks?

I~:~e~t:~~~~'~:i~kg~~:r;~~r~~~~~{ t~:enght I I~~ Y~~ri;;:d,~~ ;;~:~~~k~~r this. II I L .J


59

r Hot tip!

-001--- ----, I:~e~:~

,...-------""L'i'"OIT

lool:lng

good

Reading: gapped text

I?:i#t!, Part

'"

;;:.

I
3

One such chin belonged to Klng Camp Glllene. a I:r.Ivelling salesman from Wisconsin, in the United States. One of Gillette's bosses was William Painter, the inventor of the disposable bottle-cap. Painter told Gillette thathe would become rich it only he invented 'something which wilJ be used once and thrown away',

About the exam


In this part of Peper 1 you decide where to put sentences or paraqraphs that have been removed from the text

(3_j

Is the main Idea that

A Gillette got some useful advice1 B Gillette had a boss ceued Painter?

Strategy
The sentences that heve been removed often express the main Idea of the paragraph. As you read, wnte down what the main idea of each pari;lgraph is.

I
4

The answer came to Gillette in rr(ln~ of his ~ha"i~g mirror in 1895. (4..-1 Why not subSihtule a thin steel blade thai could be held in a clamp and thrown away? 'I stood before the mirror in a trance of joy,' he wrote to his wife. 'Our future is made.'

rs the main idea that

Read the following article about the invention of safety razor. answering the questions at the end of each paragraph as you read
the

A Gillette suddenly had an idea? B he wrote to his wife?'


(5"-> Finally things began to change when he met William Nickerson. Together they formed the American Safety Raser Company. They look out a patent in Boston in 1901. In 1903 they sokl jus! 51 razors and 168 blades. 'mey persevered and by the end of 1904they had parted

with 90,000 razors and 124,000,000 blades, IS the me!n ieee thet A Gillette formed the company with someoneelse? B the razor W;;IS not immediately successful? The following sentences have been removed from the text. Decide in which numbered qep each sentence should go and write III the appropriate leiter. Be-careful! There is one extra sentence that you do
not need to use.

A Hairy Problem Solved


(l__) Cave drawings show that the earliest ,ral'.Ol'S were shark!;.' teeth and clam shells. Sharpcne:'I Illnt was used where it could be found. The Egyptians 6000 years ago made razors from scud gold. By the eighteenth century they had developed into elaborate steel devices. Nevfl:rtheles'S one painful problem remained- men continued to cut themselves.

1 Is this paraqraph mainly about A the history of the razor?


B expensive materials used for razors?

A
B

fashioned However,

He realised that only the straight. edge razor was doing any work.
his invention remained

of his

old-

relatively

1762, Icund a
In au a ching

a Frenchman named Jean-jacques Perret way of protecting the shover's skin by a safety guard to the steel blade. Perret even

unknown.

c The customer would have to come back and buy


another. o Men have always searched for the

wrote a book about shaving called Pogotonomy or !he Art ofuarning to Shave. (2__).As a result, millions of mille chins still suffered the consequences daily. 2 Is.the ma'ri idea that Perret A invented a safe way of shaving? B wrote a book about shaving?

perfect dose shave.


E Gillette realized someone else. But for he needed to work

WiUI
people.

six

years.

Gillette failed 10 convince

60

U:-.'I'I'8

Looking good

Wordformation

Speaking: problem solving


'Paper 5, Part 3

>

Strategy Check ~OlJr spelling, In the word you form, you may need to: • decide if you need to double a consonant. • decide if you need to drop an 'e'. • decide if the word ends in -ence or -ence. • decide if the word ends 10 -sian or -tioo. • decide if the word ends in -able or -!ble.

About the exam


In Paper 5, Part 3 the examiner may ask you enc the other candidate to find a solution to a problem This is 50 thai he or she ran hear you both speak spontaneously

r Hot tip!
L

I rbere is no 'nghl' or 'wrong' solution, so don't I ~~~~:~~iner stops you before you have solsed

---------,

worry il ths

1 Fill in the gaps in the following sentences with the correct form of the word in capitals. Use your dictiorrcuyif you are uncertain about spelling 1 We haw: all gOI used to products such as razors alld napples. (D!SPOSE) 2 Thetelephone is a wonderful
(INVENn

.J

I I

..
bandage

~~~~e enusepuc Ilozenoes

{j
e~
drops

3 The
shaving.

of the safety razor revolutionised


(PRODUCE)

4 Attacks on young people wearing expensive


clothing are a common .. (OCC UR)

~ ear
drops

5 Neverthelessm.i;lnyyoung people show a marked


........... for particular labels. (PREFER)

We

visited Stratford-on-Avon and saw a ... of Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet

(PERFORM)

listen to an examiner giving two candidates. instructions for Part 3 01 Paper 5 and look at the pictures, Then decide if the followmg statements are true or false. Mark them T (true) or F (false).
1 They

7 In the of her composition she said she did not ttunk co-education WCl~ a good idea.
(CONCLUDE)

have

to put the

items in order of importance.

They have to choose a limited number of items They Can add other items. that are not in the picture .. 4 They should each decide on their own answer .. Strategy It you do not understand what you are supposed to do, ask the examiner rc explain again. Say: 'I'm sorry. Could you repeal that?' or 'Could you explain again; I'm not sure what we have to do: You may lase marks if you do not do what the examiner has asked you to
do.

S When she was offered the part in the film, she acceptedwithout Q moment's ..
(HESITATE)

Leamer training Useyour dictionary to check sp<>lIingand word stress as well as meaning.

Mark where>the main stress ralls In each wordsyou farmed above.


[).'AMI'I.[:

of the

ci'sposable

61

'.._:,-

:::""::.',T:.;"::..'

..,;L::;""";;;;;;;""",,,,,,:::::,

Grammar:

canlcou/dlmaylmight
sentences usmq can,

Grammar:

key word transformations

Rewrite the following could, mayor might.

1 It is. possible that he is Italian.

In Paper 3.
2 Do

Strategy

Part

3there are etten questions lesting: dt comparatives. e) reported speech. f) modal verbs
IS

you

know

how

10

play the

piano?

a) ·ingl-ed adjectives. b) structures with like. c) gerunds and infinitives.


TI)'

3 YOI)are not allowed to speak during the exam

to recognise what the question

testing.

4 It

is not possible that

they ere

still

on

holiday.

5 You

are not allowed to smoke on the plane.

Decide which of the above the following items test. Write the appropriate letter a} - f} in the box. Then complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence using the word In bold and other words.
1I

It

is possible that it will be a nice day tomorrow.

will not lend you my refuse I

jacket

my

jacket.

7 He didn't know how 10 spell 'ccnsooos'.

2 Claudia isn't as thin as Kate. than Kale is


,n..

Claudia.

8 Am I allowed to reave the room?

Psychology interests me. am I ............... psychology 4 I want a cup of coffee. would


I ........ .

c
t:

There are mistakes in all of the followmg sentences. find the mistakes and write the sentences. out again correctly in your notebooks. , That mustn't be the postman. He never comes this etlrly. I might not to come 10 class on Wednesday. I've got to go to the dentist. 3 Could you riding a brcycre when you were seven? 4 You couldn't borrow my new blouse. I want to weiJr it myself
5 I don't think we should not like the colour,

a (UP

01

coffee

5 'Do you enjoy football?', she asked him. if She asked.... .... football. He hat€'Stravelling by bus stand He

o o
[

by bus.

My advice is to buy a computer, ought You ...... . ....... • ... a computer, 8 Tom is a faster worker than Mike works Tom ....... Mike. 9 You can't smoke here. allowed YOu ................. here

buy

him

shirt.

He could

6 You oupbt to take a raincoat. II might rained.

[]

[J

62

UNIT

Too much of a good thing


multiple
1 A dish 2 3 4 B meat C food B relying B D plate C according 0 corresponding 0

Vocabulary: choice cloze

A depending A

receipt

menu

prescription
C grated D eggs

recipe

A made A peeled

Bserved B skinned B

C cooked

D prepared D crsckeo

A butter

salt

C peas

frying

roastinq C fry

C cookinq
D scramble

D boiling

A boil

8 roast

9 A ladle B knife Leamer training Instructions for machines are often in English. Practise reading the Instructions as. you usethe machine Read following text and the choose the correct alternative filleach gap.
lOA

C saucepan 0 spatula
0 whisk

stir

mix
6 pour

C sprinkle

1 J A saucepan
12 A drop 13 14 A

S plate
C put B bowl

C bowl
0 mix C ptate

0 dish

course

0 pan 0 warmth

A hear

B hot

C hearing

to

15 A hard

B strtt

C ngid

0 crisp

Spanish Omelette

Sprinkle {71,

I he POI.aloes wah (6) , , [II a l:.Lfge pan, heat the v(;'gct~lb'c oil. j\cld the

POI,HOC$ ,HI(' onions and (8) ,_ them medium heat for 15 minutes, tUrIlI.ig them occaSiollnJly lI'ltii they are properly Remove from the I)HII with a (9)., __.. , most of Ihe excess oil. (10) Spanish omelette is a full (1) ,,' III L:,mily product'S its OWJlindividual version ofil (2) to the season and the !he traditional the e:/,:"gsin a {I 1)

over

Ii

cooked al1d sort. alld drain off

with a linle

Itself. F'... ch Spanish a

";'11t.add the potato mixture and mix well. In a smaller non-slick frying J):.lO.heat the olive oil and (12) in the: egg mixture, rotatillg the pan in order to spread ii, evenly Cook over a medium heat until it starts to SOlidify, then (Urn down the he<J!". \Vhile Cooking. shape the omelette into a round pressinR pan. Ihe edges away from the sides of the f;yillg

availability of vegetables.

The following

(3L

oo~·e er. is the most (,1milklr. ellen also conf.<lining v :stI1PS red and gn,:CII peppers. It can be (4) of hQIOr at room l(:ml.H:'ralurc Salt
g potatoes, {S) ,_ oil peeled 011111i.ncly chopped t washed and finely sliced

IfJ!)1ll1vegl2lulJlc 1 large

:lacc
invert

f!

6 eggs 4-51;JbI-espooll!': olive oil

onion.

large (1~1),.. ,..... ,.. ,.. Over the pfln alld quickly the oll1dcue on LOit, SUd€: LlJe omelcne lJack

into the (rying ,Pnu ,IUd return il to the (14) ,.__.... ,..... fOI"a Iurther S...6 minutes, shaping il Into a neat circle. Serve with n (15) green ~lI"IIL

63

UNIT

'J

Too much

of 11good fhlllY

Grammar: countables I uncountables


Circle- the one alternative in the following sentences which is hot possible.
1 Would 2

you like some/;.

Ijttle/a

few

more chicken?
of that

another piecelh,smp/bir delicious chocolate?


Can I have I had

somf;'/.;l bit ofla

good

news the
jeans, but

other

day

on a/somefa pair of suit me.


I trted

they didn't

I d01l'1 usu.al'y have much/many/a spare time dUring the week.

great deaf of

6 She gave me 50m@/apiece ofknany good advice about the exam. 7 Many/Few/Much Jocel people came to [he meeting. S Why not come and stay pair of/a tevv days?
with

Strategy Make good use of your ttme during the test • The fjrst time you listen. answer (IS many questions as you can. Write in note form {e.g, Mon for' Monday) and don't worry about spelling. • Check your answers. especially spelling, in the first pause. • When you hear the cassette the second time, listen for the joforlil~tion you need to answer the other questions. • Check your answers to these questions dUring the second pause • You have five minutes before the end of the test to transfer your answers from the question paper to the answer sheet. Check your answers again.

us for a

couple

ofla

r Hot tip!
I~~e~·i~:~~~~ L.

Wou~d you like anolherlsomf>lmQr€' toast? 10 The/SomefA police arrived sWright away. 11 We usually have a lor of/afsome very nice weather at this time of veer.
I2

~:~~~i~~~~(r .J
sneer while you are

---------,

Listen to a doctor talking about foods and how they effect our moods and complete the following notes,
Typic~1 summer Contain foOt1~:

many lumpsfteaspoonsls/ice-s you ~~ually have in your coffee?


How Could

of sugar do

(1)...

Effect: r300cl mood

13

you gWe me another piec.elsh€€tlslice of


plea-se'

che'mical~

euch as:

paper,

14 You haven't brought much/many/a tor of luggage with you. 15 I would like somel.;! bit of/a few information about your courses,

~
Effl:c;t: Makes you fed (2) ......

Found in (3)............. . (4) B"st eource: eptnsch

, qin!3t, ~n.::;l

~ Listening:

note taking

~ ~

Ddi.;:remcy caueee (5). eleepleeeneee. forgetfulne~,


(6) ..

frrit.abifiCy

About the exam


You hear each reccrolnq twice. There is a pause before you hear the recordmq for the second tune and another peruse before the next recordmo beqms.

06ficlency

GaU~5

FOl1t1~In {7)

..... , eunffowsr

seeds,

~tt:r$.

cereale, grape!:> and (8-) ...

QM6f: fourrd in: snchovlee and e;.ar.dine:::iEffect: Improve""(9) a~iI'ty to (10) ...

and

64

UNIT

Too muci'l

Q.il

a -goad Ihing

Speaking:

planning

Grammar:

error correction
_

I Paper
About the exam
111 Paper 5, Part 3 you m~y be

3. Part_1_,_,

>
sections in Units 1-9 in the Exam the

S'lrdtegy
Look: back through the grammar

asked 10 plan som~hlOg,


ecncte

for

a Journey or a meal.

Maximiser and the first Certificafe Gold COI),;:,ebook As you read followillg text look for errors with the language points you have
studied.

Sf,ateqy Yo>]should be able to: • ask far/make sucqestions. • ecceptrpolitely reject other people's sugg~5tions..

Read the following are correct.

text and look carefully

at each line, Some of the lines word which should not be

and some contain line is

(In extra incorrect

there. If a
word the line.

correct, put a

tick (v") at the end of the line, If e line has a and write

which

should

not be there, circle the word

it

et the end of

1 listen to two candidates doin9 Paper S, Part 3 and complete the following extracts
They will be v~ry hUr1gl)1 after

Why don't we eat what we should?


, Accordillg should rice and to the World Health Orqanlsatlcn of
;;I

almost

helt our diet end and

a
:31 4

consist of starchy food

like such as potatoes fresh fruit

we

should

eat five portions

veqetables they should to going prefer told.

every dsy Unfortunately

it

will to take a long time it cernes usually they are

s 6 1

for the British diet to approach to the supermarket .e-aling what 'obese'
Of

this. ideal, People know what In fact people what of people 1980 and 199t

hikin.gall morning 1 In probably quite cold,


H •••••

eat, but they are not quite :5-0good at when to buy food. they want fat doubled rather than eating between

to ste-t

to

withWl)p

Perhaps this. is

why

did the proportion

1Q considered

A fish soup would be good.


4 Mmm ..

.... .... .. serve vegetable S OK.We'll serve vegetable


first. And what n~ll., ,

soup.
50Up

shall we h .• e w .

s.
-with

a meat sauce
XlIi3d

t. serve a

next?

In which extract/extracts are thecancidates A asking tor suggestions? B making suggestions? C ~(ce-ptiflg sugge5tions? D politely I'f'jE'd:ing
sugg€'Stions? 'W5 {asl, bvt {miTI tlJl~ (;h~wing and swallowing'

65

Vocabulary:
1. Put tile correct order

phrasal verbs (put)


questions in the

He's always

makiog

h@r look fOQlish - I don't

know

why

she

goes out with him

words. in the following

1 put could the to director

you through

me?

5 Ple.as€' ~

your ciqarattes

2 they wedding have off put their why?

6 I think we'll have- to pO'Stpon~ the match untilafter


the exam,

pUI

money

do rainy day you by for 3'

7 They manage

to ~

some money every week,

.;1

how put could up you with be-haviour rude such?

8 Two horses- were so badly injured

that they had to

be ~
5

after the race

prices put

they up have aqain the? 9 ! don't know why you ~ he-r rude-ness,

6 how firemen

fire out did put that the?

vet

why have did to the cat your put down?

Reading: multiple matching

I PilRE'1:
pur me could

Part

:>

london

when

come l up YOu to?

trying you always why put down me are to?

About thp exam In Paper I you may be asked whel'€ a tsxt comes from (fer example, a newspaper or magazine) and what its purpose is. (for example. to warn Of
inform).

Write the following sentences again using a pbrasel verb with put instead of the underlined words YOu may haY€-to chance the word order in some
sentences. 1 They've increased the price of tinned tomatoes.

Strategy P8Y attention


kinds of text

to

the strurtuees

usee in various

Read the texts. opposite the 2 Can you prpyide acrommodation wh-e-n he (Ornes to Madrid? for my nephew

and mark with a lick

(v')

geographical reqions, countries end continents below which are mentioned.


1 Africa 7 Greece

I'm just trying to ~ be busy,

you, but the line seems.to

2 Asia 3 4 Australia Britain

India

9 Th-e-Middle East
10 11 Portugal Spain

5 Europe6 Fr.M1C@

12 The west

66

r:-;rr

I)

Toomuchof

11

good

thirtg

Text A Chimes Chillies are the seed pods. of a South Arnericsn plant. They contain capsaicin, one of the most powerful substances used by a plant to stop predators eattnq its seeds. The red colour of the seed pod is nature's customary warning that what is inside is herrntul. Chillies were first cul1ivqted in South Ameri@ gOOyears ago. The Incas.prized the chilli, vehnnq it in religious rites, even using the pods as a form of currency. Columbus brought the chilli back to Europe ln the 15th century The ~ortuguese then carried it to trading colonies. in lndia and Africa, where it quickly became a key flavour In local cooking TextS
Eating out

TeX1 D Cooking a Chinese meal The cooking methods the Chinese use ere those that are -familiQf in the West boiling, ceep-fryinq, steammq and roasting. In addition there is stir frying, which means stirring and tossinq the ingredients in very little oil over high heat. II does mean that all the preparation must be done before the cooking starts, and all tile ingredients are cut into pieces of even size and shape. The cooklnq time is often only five minutes from start to funsh. Let your gyests wait -for the food rather than the other WiN rQlJod If the food has to wait, jr will continue cooking in its own heat and the effect will be spoilt.

Look at the underlined sentences in each text and match them to the following labels. Direct speech: Text Instructions:
A 4 A

Metrocentre etters mor€' than 50 places to eat and drink, lncludinq a 650 seater food court. You can try MeXican chilji beans, the best of Italian pastas and pizzas, paella or seafood from Spain, moussaka and delicious pastries from Greece or a SpiCY Thai stir fry. If you're more of il traditionalist you might prefer the good old English pub with excellent Pub food and a <boice of fine beers and soft drinks Many of these places to ear are open late to allow you \0 shop flr:s.t (lnd relax.and enJoy a meal afterwards. Some are- open on Sunday as weir, 50 bring the kids far a family day out. They'll love OUf cecreem parlourl Text C Indians
are mango-mad in four minutes? Moore Or with learns
1:1

rsxt
Text fact:

suggestion:

statement of
Answer

Text ...
questions about

3.

the following

the

texts.

1 Which text comes from aJ a newspaper article" Text .... b) a cookery book? "lext .. c) an encycJopedia? TeX't..
d)

a brochure? Text ... text js rnemly intended to factual


end information? Text . "lext ,.

whictt Could you eat 3 kilos of fwil (ross a mango Dell-Ii lives

a) teach people how to do something? Text


In New b) provide c) entertain

rose? Molly

and

surprise people?

Slice them, su-ck them 01 slurp them - no matter how you cut them, there's not a fnnt on earth that produces more passion among lndlans than the mar1go.Sunny Mohar is the-living proof 8t1.er gatino over 3 krlps of tile fryit in four minutes flat !he elec:trollics engineer aged 24 turned to tile cameras and de<laffid Too crazy about mangoesl'
Jeved Fandi, aged 55, while no less enthusiastic, is

dJ attract people end persuade them to do somethinq? Text ...... Learner training
We read different types of text for different purposes. When we read for specific Information, we scan the text until we have found the information we need. Whell we read something we know we will probably have to read again, we read quickly or skim the first time we read to get a qeneral idea,

more reserved III his. praise. A mango grower like his father before him, he has created 300 hybrids of Indja~ most popular fruit, illcjuding a mango crossedwith a rose and another the size of a grape.

67

,.~,'~

UNIT9

Too much

O!;3 good

thing

Grammar: future forms


There IS Ellmislake in each of the following

Vocabulary: shopping
Fill in the gaps in the appropriate word. MoniER' sipping following

conversation

with

an

sentences. find

the

mistake end write the sentences


in your notebook,

out aqein correctly

1 By the time you read this I am in a cera near the Eiffel Tower. 2. Tomorrow there
3 4 is heavy

chempaqne

OK, let me look at my lis-t. First of ajJ we need to go to the (1) .... because

rajn

in the north

{2)

Bye! I see you next week. We've got to be at the airport Our plane will take off I'm

two

hours before

SAAAH

I want to send some flowers to your Aunt Mary, And then we'll go over to the so that I (an send these Christmas cards off. Oh Mum, that'tl take ages! There- are always
long (3) on Fridays. You go

5 By the time ccrnftekes.

twenty
wall will

I wm eat lOOO collapse


dinner. I'm r-ot

bowls of
MOTHER

and post your letters while I go end gel"tthe bread from the (4) "" , ,. Could you pop into the (5)
and get thai cough
U'S

took out! That


7 8 I don't think

mixture

for your fattter7


.;I

JUSI next door to the (6) ....

I am having

hungry_
you. I

I'm

afraid I can't

come

to the cinema with to the circus

Actuelly you could pop ill there too end get couple of onions end a cautitlcwer. No, lets
get all tile fruit end veqetables other thillgs (7).
SARAI--I:

will take my nephew 9 10 I'm sure you ere doing

with

all the

we need from the

very well in the exam. I buy a new computer,

l've made up my mind.

Didn't (8)

you

-sayyou wanted to go back to that where you bcucht those


that they'll g~ve me a in the And I

sandals. that the heel came oft?

Fill in the gaps in the following

letter wlth

an

MOTI-l-ER: es, but I doubt Y

appropriate

form 01 the verb in brackets.

(9) I bought them end of season (10) ..


thought (11l they were such a .... ., at only Whal's the- matter? I can't find my(l2) £10. Oh ...

no!

I (1) .... ,.,., o;JuiJe$

.oc.,., ..... (wrJu)

ln

ro?b'

ttl your

fldw.:rU"ertlerlt

~ARAH:
for tour

MDTI-lER: !

in 'OJ".t TI.I.;:~.a.y'(I

Cl1rOrlic1~. wurifottl my COLJ~e at.

(ewJy) (f/tlJ!"lh) ;'Ivilil.ll\lle Apart


elaeeee

the

S1"-<'IU

jouriem (4

60(;1'1001.

I must have left it at home and it's got the original (13), ,", tor the sandals and all my credit (14}... SARAH I've gal still get the things
Oil

next:

JI,lIy

OJnd

l-,·,·,········,·,--·· ..

in it. can

-r.o

.5t.!lIort-

won;
fur

immedia~l)' I (5).
for my

aft.c:rwiii.-d.!i-.

plenty of money so we

from thl: touri-s-m ccuree.


in the !!:venin'3'"

,.,.,---·..·,···(st:r.end)
<li'lJ I .['I::> pert.

the list Wf' could go mall in Waverly and ... on another didn't pair

Fr~licn

over to that big shopping I could OS}..

t-I-l-e: rlext-

!:Il)( m~nthf. <3 month

(6) __ ,.,..------(90) to France ~ch.llm;J~ rr.ogrami11.fl I am eure

",po!;:!!:'"

(improw.:) ae a r~ult. FurtherMore, lty t-olIri6m cJijpklmi'i I (8-), ----,.,., , (~ke) _ .;I. (I:rtifi"at:e in t:n~li~n -e;xamimiltlotl. My uacl-1~r'" r;:~rt:';;ln I

,:h~t~I:~~;~~:':~~:~
French (7}-_,.,., ,.,.-"

of.s

-;,tud-1!t'lt-

of those trousers. They


.

have my
I was there with

(16)...

jn when

Sue 1i3-S-t week end the


hardly breathe

(17)

pair I tried on WE!(e so around the waist I could

(-9)...
(10)
c. ,'

.... (e.e:t-) at
__ ..

1!!:<I~t a paM Germ~i1

g.rade

~n the

&:.am._,

(1iiUlrr)

clao;~~~

i'le)(t: w.e~k al3 N:l11

If you r-t-ql.lire any further infcrttl3t;ion, I con be C-Ol'1UiGt-ed b:Y telerl-l(lnc on 0171134 8972_ l (11)... ,.,'.-- ..... ,..... ,.. (b<l) at home evr.:ry
s+temccn month.

thto;! week and it'l the

1110m1n-e"

until '1 for the nsxt.

I look forwarn to
'rcure-

heiJril'1~

from

you.

faitr.fu~I:y,

68

Katerina Geraki

U:-;'IT 'J

Too mUal

of

i!

qood

IlW19

Writing: letter of application

Look at the following task. You see the following advertisement in the newspaper. Write a letter applying for one of these positions and asking for more details about the discounts. Do nol write any addresses. Trainee Travel Agents

Trading and Commercial Bank Trainee Managers


We will be rccruitiog trainee managers to start work Jn lme June or early July in Our branches ~II over Europe. Applicants degree in an appropriate The Personnel Trading Offi(CI', Uank. should have a in writing
10:

W€ are Jooklng for students who are tnterested in rratnmg to become travel agents. To juln our tJ':'Lining scheme you must have a knowledge of English and an Interest in travelling. These positions are unpalrl, but YOLl will receive large discounts on all Our organised tours and holidays.

area lind a knowledge

of English and/or Gem~fin. Apply and Commercial

Write

ro: Maria Sampras, Director,

TRAVELWlSE,
Via Ardipani, Rome 04100

134 Cullin s Street,

Manchester 1 Underline the key words in the instructions. Thesentences in this reply are in the wrong order. Put lhern in the correct order. Write the numbers 1-6 in
tJ1egi;lps

2 Think about the form of your letter. • Will your letter begin in the ser-e way.as the letter in Exercue 1? • Will lt end
In

r SirIMad$m, (_

the same wc.y?

6'9';'~tile: mOr"Mlnge: or at
) 1 MaV8 a

)I

GaM

j:t"" t:onta~1:8d

by tel"photl8

on 01202

3 Plan your letter. Follow the order of the letter in Exercise 1 4 Write your letter in 120-130 words.

the above addNi!tis. a.tld

t:

working knowled66 of Ger~3n m.ceI1tly pa€16ed th(J University of CamlmdfJe

Check for errors with future forms. Learner frajning YOu can practise your letter writing skills by writing to real companies asking for information. Try writing to banks and embassies. They are often willing to send you brochures and even posters.

flr5t

ffieate In En~115h eX8ttlinatlon. ( ) I look forwsrrl to receiving


t;O

your reply.

(.." ) I am wrrtine in rtlply last 1ut:saay'" Evenfn{J News.


(.,,, •...) f wW ;altiC aomplete

your

adverti5ement

d~lJree

in

Banking

FIllantt'l j'n June and will be aorailablc

for work

edi.ately afterward5. (" •••".) I would IIkc9!


1:0

apply for one of the trainee

~ii~erPO!'lftJOl'l8 yov adl'crt[!l-e,

~cdeS"UZ8

69

1
,.;,UN 1 T

10
Fil]
In

How to make a fortune


do/make
sentences with the correct form of do or

Vocabulary:
make. 1 Don't and that's that!
2 3 4 Ccold I you ..

Reading: multiple
choice

the gaps in the following

excuses:

You didn't.

your homework

r-e a favour

and lend

me your
?'

notebook?

want to

notes

while

the teacher .

is exptatnlnq.

I've lost my wallet.

What am I goll1g to ..

My parents expect up and so on


My father ,...

me to

....... things in the house 'Such as


my brothers.. ... the washing

Strategy Spend on equal amount time (about 18 minutes) each of the four parts of Paper 1, Divide each 18 minutes up like this' of on

my bed, helping

....... the ironing

and he also

spaghetti sauce in the universe!


7 I dldn"t

the best

realise

they

were

......

fun of me.

suppose

•3

... a fool of myself. If you want ............. 9 r know to .. . well in the exam. you'll just have to more of an effort. . a lot of mlstekes. but I really am

minutes reading the text and questions once quickly .

•8

minutes fe<lding the text again and answerinq the your

I always ..

questions . .. 4 minutes ched:'lfIg

my best.
10 .. sure you come to crass tomorrow. .... a test. Take We're going to

answers and enswerinq remaining questions. • 3 minutes trensferrlnq

ally
your

answers from [he question


It won't paper to the answer sheet

11

a day

off

.......... you the world of good 12


j

and any

harm.

,..... nothing for a change. In fact it will probably .

.......... you
Read the following the job text

didn't

want

to.

a fuss, but I really telt l had to They hadn't

................ a formal properly at all 13 both our 14

complaint.

about a woman who has won a


lot of competitions and mark With a cross (X) the things below which are not mentioned,

companies

business with you has. been a qreet pleasure. I'm sure will ." a lot of money out of it. has a massive loss

I am afraid that the company financial year. Stop important

thiS

1 a car
aTV a re» machine

15

so much noise! phone call

I've got to

a very

4 a compact disc 5 a dog


6 7
.CJ

system

a 8a

computer dishwashe refrigerator

70

Enter Mrs Win-a-lot


Introducing the undisputed of competitions queen
~11._<;ide Smaljbum's home is parked a sparkling Riw blue Renault Clio. Mrs Smallbum. won it. It is the fifth Cat she has won. Inside her sitting 1"00111nrc a video, television, compact (lise system, three-piece suite, ram ..en of cutlery! decanter and glasses, silverware, Trivial flUI"fIHi1., Scraoure and an enormous bottle of ch.arnpugnc:

~J'»rtaes

ln her kitchen

an; a dishwasher,

microwave,

French

saucepanset, toaster, coffee maker, electric carvtng knife,


kettle, can opener lind iron: more prizes. In fact there is virtually nothing in Mrs SmalJbum's entire house, apart from her dog. which she hasn't won. She diel not <lctually wtn tho ~101.LS€he and her fiUTlUy live s it!, hLltSCWIl years ago she- won another one W0l1h S50,OOO which she sold two y<'81':8later for SlOO.OOl), For the last sixteen yC<U'S slIP has been the 'Quee(l or Competitions' or 'compers' as they are known in, the trade. Locally she is known as Mrs win-a-lot, Since she gave up her job as a geography teacher stxteeu ~(!;)f$ ago, Mrs Srualllnun believes she has become much more ~kill€d at wil1nillg competntons. 'I expect to wln between lwenty and fol1Ji per cent of the coropetlttons I CRK:Ij'she says. 'But my winnings could vary enormously y~ by year, One yea.' J might win £3,000. The next it could be ~OO,OOO: All her earnings are tax-free.

She enters only about twelve compcnttous a month 110W, down from 3 peak or about fifty when she was younger. Nowadays she is busy running a consuuancv in which she shares her compeuuon winnl11g skins with OLl1l'H'Swho would like to achle v'e success, but lilt': pcstrnan'a an'iv;)l is still a thrill. If her family wants something, she will try to win it, At the moment she is compettng for a fax machine. She wouldn't, dream ofbuyin_g anything. It is an mid lire, though MI;'5 Smanburn denies it is an obsession. '11.':-; 11101", like an extreme enthusiasm,' she says. 'Io work, the thrill must ue in the wtnnlng rawer tJ11lJ1the p:riies. The disadvantage is the lack or rreedom to buy what you choose. The dog is not allowed 1.0 have his favourite brand of pet food. He has tQ be content wnn a year's supply of another brand Mrs Smaljburn won.

from The TImes newspaper ChOOSe the correct alternative to answer the 4 Mrs Smallburn A want that Mr:s. B want D live. does not

followIng questions.
1 Which of the A.

Time

yourself!
is something in competitions"

10 buy a

followIng Smellbum drd not win A house.


B The house where

to

win

fax a fax

machine machine ccmrc.

C look forward

to the postman her fQmil~

try to

win things

want
entering

the family

5 What is Mrs Smsllbom's attitude to £3.000.


competitions] A She 15 obsessed B She is with it.

Money and goods

to the value of

D fwe

cers.
burn used to than she does now. teacher. competitions. than she is geography

2 Mrs Smail e
work

very

keen on

it.
with the things she wins. earn a living.

A win more money

C She is disappointed D She thinks The writer 'extreme

as a

it is a strange Wc'lIO

C be better at Winning

of the text thinks enthusiasm' she

Mrs Smejlbum's

now. o pay le-ss lax


r10W?

is the result of winning. she wants

than she does now. spend most 01 her time

A the excellent B the feeling

prizes she has won.

3 How does Mrs Smallbum A teaching B enterinq C working geography competitions

gets. from

C not being free to buy what D eo obsession 7 The article is Jntended A shock the reader. B annoy the reader, the reader. reader feel sad. C entertain to

rn her own company

o looking after her family

o make the

71

;(-

Grammar:
Column A with

relative clauses/pronouns
the other half in Column Write B usinc an

There are several proverbs the

sbout

money. is

Make complete sentences by Joining we half in appropriate relative pronoun, If the- pronoun can be
Jett out, write it '''' brackets.
ill YOUf

I agree with the one which says: 'Money root of ~II eVil'

the complete 6

sentences
~MPL~:

out
Mr~

notebook.
Ii!

The Cer-t-et European University which has its headquarters in Prague bes ;;I brench in Budapest. My
Q

Witl-a-Jot

tHe name (that)


neighbour:;;; call her.

child

Mr5 BmaHburl'l~ Column 1 2 3 A

uncle who was very shy when js now a multimillionaire.


dOES nDI

he was

'Mrs. wm-a-tot' The £50,000 Mrs Smallbum

IS the name

.....

show off his wealth by Wl:'iuii1g expensive clothes and accessories gives.a lot of money 10 charities
My

uncle who

house IS not the one expects to win between twenty

8 Several groups- pl-ayed at the festival. The first qroup who played were Dire Straits.

and tony per cent of the competitions 4 That is the compact disc system
5 6 7 8 9 Mrs Smallburn

tri-e-s

to win the things-

The blue Renault Clio ls the fifth cer There ls hardly anything in Mrs Smallbum's house

There are mistakes in six of the foHowllig sentences Find the mistakes and write IhE.'sentences out again correctly in your notebook 1
2 The

Spanish omelette

she

COOkedW~5 delicious. live in


W.;IS

ThE' dog has to eat a brand of pet food Mrs Smallbum B competition. competition is one of the rare people

The house where

w~ us-ed to

bigger

then this one. My boyfriend,


who

Column

used 10 be a bril!iJi"lt athlete.


most is

a) she has won in e


b)

has put Oil five kilos in the last two months

she hasn't

won

in .a

The single object

c) Mrs Smallbum and her famrly live


d)

what I treasure coin my gf1l1idfath@r gavE"me

an old

e~rnings are tax-free. ...... a


prize like

e) Mr:; Srnaflburn's neighbours cajl her.


f) was g}

The woman I spoke to told me I could heve e refund if I brought the orrginal receipt.
The wajter, didn't even

he doesn't
her

very much 7

to who J gave a very generous lip, thank me.

h)
i)

family needs.

she enters.

insurance on the house, that was very expensive. didn't (over the cost of the repairs.
The Th€-

Do the following sentences contain defining or non-defininq relative clauses? Mark the sentences D (defining) or N Inon-defininq). Add commas where necessary. , She lent me .a book. I lost th€ book that she lent me.

loan I took out been I/ery usetul.


whi-ch has

to pay

tor

my

studies. has

Inflation, crippling

risen to 200 per cent. is


his

the economy.

10 He inherited a lot of money from who he was extremely well-off

grandfather,
didn't

2 Mrs SITl311burnhas won five cars. A blue Renault Clio which is one of the cars she won fs parked outside her house 3
Pink Floyd who wrote were the song 'Money'

11 Tile salesman who he sold me this 't-shlrt tell me I couldn't return il.
the last ten years.

12 The town where I was born has changed a lot in

performing

live in London

recently.

72

{",'IT

In

HOW 10

flliI.~t!

a tOflune

Vocabulary: money

Now fill in the gaps in the following

sentences

with an appropriate word, The first two letters of each word have been given to help you 1 The cashier would nOI let me take any more money out of my cu.; . account as I was already £50 ov_ .•.... 2 Excuse me. Would you have ch. £20 no 7
3

...... for a
.... or by

would you
ch.. I wouldn't

like to pay ca..;

.. ... or

credit

card; in that company if I last year.

buy sh.;

were you. They made a 10........

5 The waiters in that restaurant get low wa ...... but they make a fOI1UJ'le in
ti ... 6 You can

st..
7

withdraw money end order a bank hom ca.. .. rnachlnes.


house, go to
Q

If you want to buy a scoetv for your rno

bUilding

The problems. with the have etfectec the- ax...


9

ec

... in my country
fa... ....... badly. 00

A(ross 4 to take out money you have put in the bank 5 to USA;' money to make a profit cut at somethinq that will increase in value 7 to give someone the use of something. such as. money.for a limited pe(iod of lime 9 to get money by workmq Dc.wn 1 to have enough money to do or buy something
without difficulty

I'm a bit ha.; ... think YOucould le.;


By donating money

up at the moment.

you

...... me £ 10'
you can often

10

to cl'1......

get substantial ta..

....

deductions.

2 to have to IXIY money 10 someone because they ~nt it to you 3 10risk your money Or property on horse races, in card games or in business S to receive money. goods or property from someone who has died or moved on 8 something that you owe to someone else

£DM FrDr
Psts$
73

Writing: discursive
~truc Now look at tile answer agilill. It is very werl. tlired. bur tht;>reare five mistakes with verb
{en~es. Find the mlsta~es .and write tllf' sentenr

About the exam


In Paper 2. Part 2 you choose alletn~lt~ve qup:s.tlons one 01 four

sqam cOrreclly in your notebook

es oul

These may include a re art ~~~~ a desmpllon, an ertide or another I€'U:r, y~~ tex!s lave [he option 0' writing about one 01 the set

There are also two mistakes with vee b


:~~~~htl'y m,.oistakesand

""'-

write the sentences :CJ~~9~'iJl your notebook.

Strategy
~al:.e

s~re your

mstructions

answer '5 appropriate fer tile and covers all th,:. points m.=antioned

• Read the fOllowing answer a st d question In Paper 2. Part 2. What bn~ ernt
this Student A a report Irying to write? 0

wrote to ansv.-er IS

a story

C -9n article giving an opjnron

In m~ opinim1 students shautd do some paid W!lYR while tll"':} are sWd<j""9 There are tlue£. maw' reasons why I am thirtkm9 this. i.t LS impartMt#<w€ Wl7rk ..,pe-rience. If :1"" had nev ec woYkod bme, it is very dlFfiwlt to get used to wark when !::fOU .f1rushed your studies I have a part-time """''' In m~ motlJer's oFRee and I am sure this helps me in the future. First of believe

a.u I

to

Secondly 1 think young peaple must to learn to oppteaote the vawe of mon"':) and they can on£y do this if they earn same thems.,)ves If your parent:« Just gQve you mon"':) fur everything 'Iou want, 'f'U can never understand about saving 1i1r- thiJ1gs. My parents give me some mon~ each weeR, but r also S<Ute money from my work. Finally, by wOT~in9 students am know other peop/.e who are not at school. This is good because ':Jou Caf) learn new things a.b.:n« the wartd. At I1UJ mather's
office] knew Q 9irl who has ,",ugh! me many things about the eI1viranmgnt and poUu-tian.

74

FOr these rae.sons J think Ii. i5 important fur 'P""9 people to wark of course th.~ sh""ld not warR too much. 7l1eLJ h<we to have time to 5tudlj too I

uxrr

to

How to make a

Jcrtune

Write your answer to the following question local English language newspaper has asked students to write articles expressing their opinions about this question:
A Should stvdenlS do parl·time work?

You are In a community centre. You hear this man talking In a meeting room. The mao wants A to persuade the audience to buy something. S the audience to tell him what they think about something C to get the audience to answer some question-s; 3 You walk past a classroom and hear this exchenqe. The teacher wants. Adela to A show the others how she found the answer. S tell the others the answer, ( explain why she diddt do the homework 4 You hear a girl talking on the telephone. She is talking to A a friend who has started a nEW job B someone who might give her e job. C a teacher at the school she attends You hear this man talking on the radiQ The person he IS talking about A is gOing to make a record. B has recently made a record. C has Just been on tour. 6 You hear two people talking in a bank What IS the woman doing? A enquiring about bank procedures B applying for a loan C arguing about bank rules
7

Write your article for the newspaper. 1 Payattention to the key words in the lnstrocuons: article English language newspaper opinion 2 Think of at least three arguments to support your opinion. 3 Write a plan putting your arguments in order. 4 Write your answer In 120-180 words. Use these
linkeo

.. First of alllFirstlylln the first place • SecondlyAn the second place

• Finally

S Check your work very carefully for mistakes with verb tenses. vocabulary and relative clauses.

Listening:

multiple choice

You hear tbrs man talkmq about a newspaper ertide he has read. What was the article about?
A

crime B health economics

Strategy Studythe questions carefully. Are you asked a) what they are talking about? b) who they are talking to? c} what they want someone to do)

You hear this man talking on the telephone. How does the other speaker react to what the man says? A He refuses to accept a reservation for such .;I small group. B H€' asks the man to celt back the next day. C He otters various additional services

look at the following question s and write a), b) or () (see Strategy box above) In the gaps according to what you arE!asked. I YOlJ heer this man talking on man IS arranging A to hold a meeting. R to gille a party C to pl~y sport
Q

121

public phone. The

Now listen and choose the correct alternative in each case

75

UN]T

10

How

10

m21l:e e

iOrlurlE!

Vocabulary: numbers
I,gJ
t
write a) .. b) . Listen to the cassette and the numbers. that you hear.

t Paper 5, Part !..."


About the exam

Speak i"9: prioritising

>

This parr of the test lasts for about three minutes.

<l
d} e) . .

L I

r Hot tip! ... --------------, ~~~·I:;;~ ~:~~':u


Strategy Don't try to
interaction. dominate Encourage

~~~~~~~~~~~i~~

~~~~~:~$~7n~~~.r, The

eeammer~ ~

g) ...

hi ..
i) .....

the other cand'd ate. You may also gel marks lor the other person to speak by:

• .asking her/him

questions.

What they? Match you wrote following appropriate

kind of numbers the numbers Write

ere

• makjng suggestions. • saying a word if vhe hesitates or paus€'S for 1.00 loog. Don', interrupt the other pe>rson. Wait until slhe has finished

speaking

that

above to one of the

cateqcrtes.

the

Below are some> pictures of things which money on. listen to

young according

people

like

(0

spend

letter In the gaps.

two pairs

of candidates

doing

Part 3 ot Paper 5, The~ to how important

a .a

temperature number score of


Q

must put the things in order of priority

they

a telephone football the population town

think

they are. Which

candidates

do you think

got good marks fer

interaction? interview 1: Lcukas

Inrerview 2: Olivier

Dominique

a a
7 8

speed weight

a decimal
a fraction

9 a pnce

121
0)

Prectrse saying thenumbers.

following

Theil listen to the

cassette and check 0121 730654


f)

16

bl 13 c) 50
d) I~

91 £3 SO h) $1999
I)

647.958

e) 4.75

Ii 5,340,414

76

UN IT

11
Writing; letter

The planet Earth


TI~
A'I"t!.

transactional

Tra.l'''i

""Ii 1'," ~O'\"'S


f'~AA'~
At
.v.1l:1H!t\,

~1/M11''''' ..fine,

1'1:1 ","ell

'Run lD'Lt ~e\ki".!l 011\ D~" of:' ~0\I41" ~II'W. +, OK l'


Do.~ ..

tpaper 2. Part 1

==- >
have to or

w tr" ...." left


1-0
\4Alle

w.v.t, 1 ~-t *tr.;,,~ 'So'dol


tx.,\

~c(,na~ rJ ",""I!ks~. ~~. ~4~_ ca. bit \o.te. 1:... W,,1 s\O.t""f'O'.J .;...,_ -\\ie ill ...&\. ~\ \eft Al'CNno\ -+w.e.{\I ••
red,

AboU't the exam Part \ of Paper 2 is (Qmpulsory There 15only one


question. You alway:; a formal writ", either

bd,~tbDll e,G!?, OI'~e w..;....1+~'br;~t 1tiOI~ ~~ ...~ ~c.tte(lt\~ 4j.Cl~i1'\~ C"uc01"" ~\\'S. '(w,'!JiI! gao1·\"t, "'AVe,,\ ,QI,I.'? Let me. kr.c- ..... -f~ ....n.u",,,,,'t, r
~eri
'I'IiI~

t.,.IID\11"i!e

II '51

J.k';.

look at th€>instructions belO'Wand the letter a candidate W1{llein reply, Then decide which of the following examiner's commentswere made ebout the letter. Ma,\:: them WJtl1 a tick (t/'). 1 The le1t€'r ;'5- very accurate.
2 The lett~ is not well-structured.

Bt.... '"k".\~

R...!.

'S~.t,r ~ and. .... JI,,,-II.. b .. t,

"k, .

Strategy
!t asked to write to an official or a company. you should not use:

3 Thelettet ;5 in an inapproprrate s.tyie. " Thewriter has followed the


ili~tructions.

• question tags. .. contractions (e.q. aren't, it'lI, you've} • linkers like weJ" ~nywa:v.:by the way. • All tile best or tore at the end of your tetter.
You should' • begin your

S The letter provides all the necessaryinformation Youwere travelling by train recently and left something thai betonqs to you on the train. Write a letter to the lost property officer enquiring about me thing
you lost. Use these notes in

letter

with

either Dear

5irlMad~m

or

MrlMslOr ... the

• use torrnat language (e-9. I look forward to fe(€!iving YOllr replyJ_ • end your letter with YOU(5 ;.in(erelyIYOrJ~ faithfully. • s.ign your letter with your full name.

persons surname

Write l Write .. • •

.;I

leiter

in answer

to the question follow

in Exercise 1.

a plan. You should

this structure. descrtbe it

your lettef_ Do not write any addresses.


date of journey and depar"CurB tIme - ~tI~ijnation

Explain why you are wriling you lost and when; in Ask how you (an get Thank them

• S6Y what

it advance

back.

2 Write vour letter

in the a?~rO?f\ate:

~t~\.ein

'\2O-~8\)

WOT&"

_ deac;;riptlon of o~ject

Check your letter carefufly

77

Reading: gapped text

A Predicting when end where ligl"ttning is likeljr to strike is one of the ways we have made it less a danger. Forecasting lightning is taken most seriously '11America, where scientists kecp a constant lookout for weather paucms that could lead to violent storms using weather satellites and ground-based stations Once the storms appear, teams of observers in the areas at risk report buck: on where the sturm is end where it is going.

,. ,
About the exam
In Part 3 of Peper 1 you read a text from which

or

various paragraphs (or sentences) have been removed. These pereqrephs (Ire in e different order
on another paqe. YOu decide where to put each

pareqraph. There is always an extra paragraph does not belon


Strategy .. Read the text through once. • Read the extracted paraqrephs. • When you think. you know which between this parepraph paraqraph and the

that

Things used to be much 'WorSC.According

to .~.scarch

goes.

b Dr Derek Elsem the number of fatalities has d~Oppcd by 8~ per. cent since the micl-1850s. This isn't because lightning is less common, but became fewer people now work in the open .

~n each gap, check that there is a re~a1ionship in meaning

pi3ragraphs

that g.o before and after it

c
Before scientists started this vital work people could »ct do very much to. protect themselves or their buildings from lightning. In fact up until the eighteenth century people were given dramatic proof that lightning really can strike the same place twice. Between 1388 and 1762, the famous bell (ower of San Marco in Venice was severely damaged or completely destroyed nine lil11BS.

LIGHTNING

STRIKE

It is not surprising thai people in the past were afraid of lightning and thought that it was a sign of anger from lhelr gods, In fact we slill find lighmjng thrilling and fascinating. It is now also an important area of research for scientists, who are tryil:1g to uncover its secrets and an: looking for ways 10 predict storms and protect people against lightning strikes. (1__J In England and wales things are not quite as bad as they were in HOlly, but about a dozen people are struck by lightning every year and a QUarter of those <Ire killed as !I result. Men are six times more Hkely tc be struck by lightning than women. (2__J The experience of Roy Sullivan just goes to shuw how dangerous it can be 10 work outside. Roy, a Ionner park ranger in Virginia, USA, held the world record for being struck by lightning. He was first hit in 1942, losing just the nail from his big toe. He was srruck again in ]969. 1970, 1972 and 1973. In 1976 a strike hurt his: ankle and in 1977 he suffered chest and stomach bums. After surviving all this, he killed himself in 1983 ()__J
1

o
Many people - including scientists - claim 10 hll.~e seen ball lightning and arc in no duuh_l abo_ut. Its existence. The experiences of a certam ~llha~ Moms during a thunderstorm In 1936 are tYPical: I saw a red-hot ball come down Ircrn the: sky. It struck our house, cui the telephone wire. burnt the window Ireme C111d then buried itself in a tub of hot water; Th.e water boiled for some time afterwards, but when It W'"dS coo] enough for me La search I could find nothing there.'

But even the most advanced forecasting systems carl sometimes be caught out when the weather springs one oftts surprises. In March 1993, Florida and other states of America were struck by driving blizzards _ and severe lightning storms. At the peak the 'Sunshine State' was hit by an astonishing 5,000 strikes an hour. The cause of the storm and the reason it suddenly died out as it travelled north. is yet another mystery of the lighLning phenomenon.

78

Vocabulary: weather
Choosethe correct alternative to fill each gap in the followmg sentences. 1 It's absolutely .. outside, so wear your gloves. A (old
2 Wfi!

Grammar:

the article
In

Fill In the gaps article is needed.

the fOllowin<) dialogue with a, all, the or H

If

no

The ghastly quest guide A: Working as a hotel manager, you must have some Interesting stories to tell about guests Q Yes, indeed Although we have (1) many very charming clients. some of our guests do incredible things, A: Such .35? B Well, (2) . people will steal anything. All kinds of lhings go from (3) hotels, including (4)... dinner plates. One couple stole (5) sheets and blankets from their bed, but one of the maids saw them do it. $0 (6).. ........ hall porter who carried their luqqaqe down, took (7) sheets and blankets out and replaced them with (8)... . .. set of telephone directories We else gel some very unreasonable requests. I worked at (9} hotel in ('10) London where (11 ) couple wanted to have (12). .... dinner all on their own if) (13) ...... hotel ballroom, with (14). .... gypsy violinists end (15) palm tree. And they also wanted to be able to see (16) moon! Some people completely destroy their rooms. One couple meneqeo to spill (17) coffee over en area nine metres square. And they didn't ellen tell us ebout It. It was everywhere - on (18) Tv, across (19), .. floor (lnd on (20) ,' bedclothes!

B chilly

C freezing

had to postpone the match because it started 10 really


B pour C shower

A drizzle

3 Tomorrow will be mild with the possibility of .;I few ..


m the evening.

A
4

rain

B showers
a bit of lighl

C sleet
need

~rs only
A sleet

You won't an umbrella B drizzle C hail

5 Clost>to the Equator the weatllef is hot and .. ,....... and there are often electrical storms A damp B mild (humid

6 Theold house was very cold and , in winter.


A humid C B damp

Read the following text and look carefully at each nne. Some of the lines are correct, and some have an extra incorrect word which should not be there. If .;I line is. correct. put a trek (....) at the end of the line. If ~ fine has a wo-d which shoujd not be there, circle the word. In tbrs cass. arl of the extra incorrect words ¥€ articles. What is jet lag? o When you fly from the Europe to the Middle East. America or 1 Asia the flight will be longer than the four hours and will involve crossing several time zone':'. The time diHerence between your point 01 departure .and final destination C.;If1 4 be as much as the twelve hours. It can also mean flying from winter to summer or spring to autumn. You leave the Athens Cit seven c'dock on a winter's mornmq and arrive in Melbourne. 7 which is.seven hours. ahead, more than a twenty hours later on a hot summer's day. Naturally your body s.till thinks you are in Athens, Because of this you wjll almost inevitably 10 s.uffer from a mild or ev_:e_:n.c_qu::it=e_:se::v_:e"'::.::Je:.:_t_:I._;:9 Strategy Sometimes. the extra words in this kind of exercise will be articles. Check each fine carefully, Are all the articles necessary?

freezing

7 Open the Window. There's a lovely tool outside


A breeze 6 gale C gust

8 There was such a that my umbrella blew inside


OUI

A rein

B breeze

C gale

9 Theground was completely whIte, I thought it was Snow et fust but it was Just a heavy A hail B frost c sleet

....J

79

.'::'------_....:..._.;;......
UNIT IJ

Tllep'anI'IE<lrth

Vocabulary and grammar: open doze ~rl,"a"2~


About the exam
there are fifteen gaps In the text. The gap:; test your voc a bulary and grammar.
knowledge of

Grammar: modals of
deduction/criticism (past)
1 Matct1,:, sentence ln Column A with a sentence in Column B_ Write the appropriate letter in the geps. Column A t You must have had a terrible fright.
I might come. 3 be able 1.0

>

Strategy
These are the most common qrammatical words that are removed from {he text. prepositions (e.g on, in, fo). quantifiers (e.g. lirr'e, ff!w). auxiliary verbs (e.g. do, sue. have). determine-rs (e.g. the, most Mother) relative pronouns (e.g. whom, who, where). possessive adjectives (e.g. my, his, their) Check for these when you fill in the gaps. ----'

That

can't

be

Mary.

4 You should take a coat. S He can't have forgotten aqam 6 That must be Michael.
7 You

Read the following text through once quickly and then fill in the gaps with an appropriate word Where are the rainforests?
(1)...

should

have totd

me. B ShE'might not know.


9 You can't have

Rainforests once occupied atrncst all the land around the Equator, .. there is hot sun and rainfall almost every day. In these hot. wet areas, trees and (2)_. ........ kinds of vege~tion grow last. feeding massive numbers (3)....... " insects and animals.
f&ent!y,

spent

it all. 10 Thev might hav€' seen It. Column


B

Until
(4)...

(5} ..... islands (6}....

the rainforests filled river valleys in warmer countries Australia. They dimoed hlllades of gre(l\ chains such as the South American Andes. and covered Borneo to the West lnoies.

a) He always gets horne from work at about this time


b) I

only qeve it to you yesterday

In West Africa, the rainforests cover (7)..... wide strip of the coast from Sierra leone to Gebon. In the lest century these forests (8}. mostly uninhabited. The Europeans arriv.e-d end 500n began chopping (9). . the trees for timber and to make way for massive plantations of cocoa peanuts and cotton

c)

been on for a couple of weeks.


11'5 fifty

d) I reminded hrm about tnnes present.


f)

Today, two thirds of the Wes.t African forests (1O}... .." gone. But elsewhere In Central Africa it 01 L .. stili possible to find huge undisturbed forests. Nineteenth century explorers .along (12)" _river Zaire called Africa the 'dark continent'. Even today {13L.. ....,..... _ are no roeds In some places. The inhabitents .. include pygmies, (14)... .... are trying to lead (15).. [wes In harmony With the forest.

el I would have gOI you a


It's going to get cold later. certainly haven't told he-r.

g} You're still trembling.


h) I i)

She is supposed to be at school. I'll have to ask my parents though.

80

-,

I"XIT

11

Thi;lplilr1!!1

Eilrlh

There are mistakes in flve ct the following sentences. Find the m~tdke$ and write the sentences out again correctly in your notebook. ] Would you mind buying me a coffee? 'must leave my money In my other coat. 2 Theycan't have left already We're only five rmnuteslate.
3 YOL1'd better phon€' him

Grammar:

key word transformations

I Paper 3J>art

3--=

"":J>

About the exam There are ten key word transformation questions They test your knowredge of grammar and vocabulary, such QS COIlOCc1\ion and idioms. as well as phrasal verbs.

Strategy
Before you

complete-the sentences try

to work

out what

the

question

is

about the match. He might have torqonen. 4 Don't wait for me. I mjght nave been late. 5 It mustn't have b€€'fl Mary who stole the money. She was with me all evening 6 Shemight be offended. She is very sensitive you know. 7
It

testing.

1 Look at tile forrowing questions. Are they testing grammar. vocabulary or phrasal verbs? Mark them G (grammar" V ( vocabulary) or PV (phrasal verbs)

1 Could I stay with you for the weekend? put Could you . tot the weekend? 2 It IS not can't Tim .....
What much How .... .-'I ..... possible

that Tim

W35

angl)'

can't be snowing! II's the middle of July.

... angry.
price

S. I might have stayed at home lnis Scl.\urday night. I've got a test on Monday.
9 That can't be the- answer. You

IS the

ot this bag?
cost?

musthaw" mace a mistake somewhere. 10 Youshould tell me. , didn't know you were coming.
S

I don't like this wet, Windy weather at "II stand I .. ......this wet. windy weather. You should stop smoking give You should
may

smoking

6 You are (lot allowed to speak during the eamiosuon You


7 She was. imitating a

dunnq the examination. teacher when the headmaster walked


in.

taking She was .... walked in.

a teacher when the headmaster

'l'Ou'(I";"

nor Ihi(Jking of pulling 00,,, in rh&re are you?/

me

Now compere each sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence. Use the word in bold and other words. YOu must use between two and five words.

81

-: •

-.:'.;;.!',.;,,:"'.;;" '.;.'

_':::h:.;' ":;:";::"'.:.'::,.::::"h

Speaking: picture prompts

I Paper

S, Part

2;

>
in Peper 5. Part 2 will

About the exam Sometimes the photographs


you speculate

be deSigned to

make

Strategy Make sure that you can use medals QI deduction accurately.

I~~~ 5 you h s I L ;~~~~:~l~t~~icl~~~Sai~~~~:;~;!~:~;. a~ow you 1eelabout~


if

r Hot tip!

... -

-,

Listen to a candidate dOing Part 2 01 Paper S. look at the photos and write down: 1

.,
b)

three examples the

of

deductions

about

past .

c) "

three examples QI deductions about the present.


.)

....

bl
c)

.
) b)

two examples personal

of

Eleru making
about the

comments

photos .

82

Vocabulary; problems/disasters
Complete this crossword puzzle.

~ Listening;

selecting

Paper 4 Part 4 About the exam In this part of Paper 4 you may have to answer True/false or 'res/No questions about a ccnversanon Or an interview Strategy Listen for details that make the statements true or false or provide a 'yes' or 'no' answer to the questlons.

r
,

I
f-

r
I
fte

III

..-ff-

"

"-J
"

11

"l II

I~~~:~~:aav!I~YQ~:~,~~~tu~aann~e~!:Sing so righi, La

Hot

tip! -----

----,

.J

Across 1 a great overflow oCwater onto a ctace that is usually dry 3 an illness caused by an infection Or disorder in the body or mind, not by accident ' 5 an orcarusauon that gives money and help to peopje who are poor, sick or in difficulty 6 a person who has been forced to leave their country far polmca! or religious reesons 9 bad weather conditions witM wong wind end often rejn. lightning and thunder i2 an. unexpected and danqercus situation that must be dealt with ourckly 13 a very violent wind that spins at great speed
15 the situation in which living in one place Down there are toa many people

You are going to hear an interview with Dr Goodman, scientist who works With UNESCO's biosphere programme. listen and answer 'Yes' or 'No' to the foHowing questions. 1
D,d the

project start receraJy?


;;I

2 Are there biosphere reserves in countries)

lot 01 different

3 Is the new Brazilian reserve far from the cepnal city? 4 Are there animals and plants that are threatened with extinction on this re-serve?,..... S Do UNESCO scientists work on their own on the reserves) 6 Does Brazil have
7 8 Are all the Are all the

more than one reserve? .


size? parts

a long period of dry weather when there is not enough water 4 a Sudden, violent shaking of the Earth's surface 7 a very Serious lack of food 8 the killing or death of the last remaining animals of (I cenam kind lOa small piece of rock or metal [hat bums brightly when j[ falls into the air round the Earth Il the noun from solve 14 money rood and services given 10 people who neec them
2

reserves the same reserves in warmer

of the

world?

Do SCientistsworking on the reserves ever get to meet? .. 10 Do some reserves share very Similar circumstances and experiences? .

83

."."_ UN I T

12

The great persuaders

Speaking: opinion
(paper '5'. Part 4

=>

Writing: linking expressions


Read the text below and

circle

[he aftemetive

which

IS not

possible

in each

case 1
2 A On the other A therefore hand B Purtherrnore B however B However B However B Although C However C

About the exam The examiner asks you to express your opinion about
questions Part 3. related to the task in

as

well as these

3 A Furthermore 4 A Despite A So 6A
on

C In addition

C Nevertheless
C Therefore C however C In spite of

Strategy You are asked for your opinion There is no 'right' answer, For example. il the examiner asks you: 'What is the best age to
start learning moment e foreign 3 you out what

the other hand

as well

as this

7 A Alrhouqh 8 A In additionto 9 A because


10 A Because this

B Despite S Purthermore

C Although C as C So

language?', pause for


to work

B because of
8 Therefore

think. Use expressions like: • Well. it depends • I'm not sure, but r think
• {suppose

__

A lot of people think

that

televifiion

It'l my OOUl"ltry ha~ Impro~d wh.o think it hi'J~ got

.over

tne

la5t few years.

(1) ..,,,..... ,

there are people

It the examiner says something ftke. 'Do you think so?', it is because sII1e wants you to say Q bit more Of give reasons for
your opimon, not because you

W0t"98.

are wrong

Only ten yearo 8g.o the .only televi6ion channel5 were the two eeate.owned ~tat;om;, NowadElY~. 2) ( , in a!mo~t evs/,),part of the country you oen receive as many iii€> four more channeltii with your MrmaJ TV $eC. (3) .......... ou can buy a e;st;el/}te d;$h or pay to receive y ~bl~ te.fe'.'i6j·clM.
(4) .... ,...__ doeG t:hi" . mBan the quality of wh.;lt ;~ $MOWn has improved? ,ma t~1!' thjng' and about: dramatic There al"fl a lot more. mo'.'je'$. game !'ihow.'ii, ~pof1;s proe~mme,=J !flo-called that want realit:y 6hoW6 In which real peopl!'! talk to tnem, h<1ll.'e happened tdlevi~jon

Listen to two candidates domq


Part 4 of Paper 5 and make notes

of a" the worcvphrases they use to express their opinions and 10 agreE'/djs~gree

(5) .......

ti you like a

lot: oe onotce

to be entertained

more than Improved.

anything

el$e~ yOu would prot7af:tfy

...ay that

hae

If. (6) ... "'''.


probably number poorer

you thought charmel§,

of television with what

a ... an edvcational

aid. you are the la~.,

very dit;appointed

on offer, that

(7)

of

thel"e' sre definitely

fewer documentary are ~hown are .of are steo fewer heve foun~ that ago. fhere

programme$. quality programmes

(8)
than about

, the documentariB6 thlS1Y Wo!lrQa few year


art ana mU$lc (9) attract

8dvertl~eF->

the:!>e pr09ramme6

only a small audlencf),

(10)
ae much

and the choice

Inform.at.ion

ulevi5ion ha£i improved in t<:!rm!> of the number of ahannel~ of programmeeJ', but, Irt my op;nlon, j't doee nat: provide as it u~r!Id to, which i5 Ite main purpofie.

84

Writi ng: discursive ~['P",.",p",e:..r",2''-'P'"'''::.rt=2__ About the exam


In Paper 2, Part 2 you may have the option writing of lin article in whcb you talk about the advantages and disadvantClges.of something, the srquments for and against something a subjea: or in which you write your opinion about

Plan B

~>

Introduction:

tjue5tian Be a ~"tatemeMt; two point6 of '1~·ew: describe a !iiirustic" before. - mote

chantle/:!'i' than faragraph 2:

more

choice; II'ntert-ainmel1t

mainly.

Paragraph:!'i:

not educatIonal: fewer dccumentarie6; fewer cultural p,.ogr.ammee.

The article on page 84 was written the fo~lowirlg task

In answer

to Conclus/on:

what
what

m06[;

people think;

I think.

You have been asked 10 write an article for a student newspaper on the following topic: Has television improved in your country over !he

fast ran years?


Write your articlesaying what most people thinK

Did the- writer of the text on page 84 follow the right plan fOJ the task? 2 Write
your

and giving your own point of view.

answer

to

the question in Exercise 1

1 Underline key words In the instructions. Readthese two plans and deuce which one the wrrter followed Plan A
mtroduetion: my opinion (tefevi6ion Par:agroph ft:Irofjrap" h describe 4

Think

of

arguments

for and aqeinst.

Write a plan using Plan B above as a basis write your article in 120-180 words us.ing appropriate linklnq expressions from paqe 84
Check your work carefully. • Does it answer the question? • Have you used linking expressions correctly? • 15your answer grammatically correct?

tlM-

Olbout

~tatl':ment improved).
"the

a sjttJ.;ition.

2: firSt- reaeon for my opinion (more ch.,mne!~ = more programms!ii =- more. choice).
mOllie6, game s;,",ows, ~p.ort6 proerammea, reality !jl1ow~.

Ex8mp!ee:

Para9raph:3:

second reaecn for my opinion (no more !:oorin!!! educational progr<imme~),

I From now until I Ito your teacher.

r Hot tip!

---------,
the exam wrue at least one extra

L.:n:e:'lffl! CI_:e:!.
about:

~~~~!~:~~; :~i~~~gS~~~d(::c~~~u;~~~n~On it I I
if
your teacher is too busy.

exchange

dOGumentarie~. art and culture.


I

pro!!lramme'~

Canclueion;

s~te

my opinion

aeain:

tefev/:3ion

ha6 improved entettainlt'l!!!.

~ecau!:ie it!; more

85

I'. "......

..,;1.;.;[1,'..,;11·..,;':;.'

_T..,;"":;.'",~:.:""P_;'":.:",:.:d:;.;'"

Grammar; modifiers/intensifiers
Circle the correct sentences 1 Thanks. The party was v~rylreally fantastic terrible, but alternative in the lollowjng

Grammar: have to/don't have tal must/need


., correct Put the words order. compositions? In the following sentences in the

2 I thought

the film

was

ab5a/urelylvery
enormous big. good-looking

1 have how we to do many write

Mary quite enjoyed 3 Their house is bathroom 4 My 5

it.
Even the 2 with YOLJ help needn't the shopping.

really/very

is

absolutely/very

boss

is really/absolutely soon!

3 See you Have- a ierdficlterrifylng there ume were 4 along the side of the road

needn't

you gOIi€> much

to so have trouble

I'd

certainly

90

eqaln. The staff

~ry/i;lbsolu'e'yhelpful.
7 The amount of rubbish incredible. terrible meal. for a

to

JUS!

I've got

P.i;lSS

was
8 9

quifl;'lvery

5 to
match

you

often

have

do

weekend

study

at the?

She cooked I haven't lonq time

.;I(n) absolucely/qui!e

seen such a delicious/superb

are how words

write

we to many supposed?

10

Their

new secretary

is verylab50luu~/y

efficient 7 mustn't ink use you.

Vocabulary; phrasal verbs (get)


There are mistakes all of the following write the sentences notebook. 1 rile been trying telephone to get him through to on the with word order or the particle Find the mistakes in your rn sentences. and

draft

to we

need do write

a7

out again correctly

Now appropriate all afternoon, but the line is enqaqed. The exam is

match each of the

the

sentences

above to an of the

response below.

Write the number

sentence in
a) Between

qep.

120 and 180.

You really must get up to some work in a 3

tew

weeks'

lime She alwayslets

b} I know, but I'd like to.


c) What am I supposed to wnte with then?

I know

how to gel Over our Mum. I want. on with

me do what 4 I

d} Don't worry. very well. S-he's not my

I'm sure you Will Part 1 and another Part 2.

don', get Mary kind of person

e) The letter from question from

5 I hope you

won', get

anything

up to

while

we're

out. The babysitter

will

tell

f)

Yes, I'm .afraid I do

me if you do. g) It was a pleasure to get down. h) No, but you Should always plan your work before you start (0 write.

6 She doesn't
7 I'd never

earn a lot - just enough dishonest

I'd never do anything

because "m sure

get

away it with

86

U!\IT

L!

Ihe qr....Il i

persu~dNS

choose eltemative the following 1I supermarket. lunch A heve 10 21 haven't

the

correct

Grammar:

error correction

to till in the gaps in sentences. go to the

iPaper,.
The

Part 4
eX(fm

>
error correction

My

Mum

me to get some things

asked for

About the
fifteen I lines

texts used

for

are alw.ays

at least

seventeen
answer

Jines

long. The first two 8

lines an? examples your answers

and you have to check another on the- separate sheet.

needn't

You write

...... go years

to the dentist. been lot more than have


to

Strategy
Answer in the question the booklet sheet. first. When you are sure, transfer your

two A

answers tc B
must .. .... go to

answer

don't

3 She said she.. the supermarket A must 4 You..

Look at each line of the following

text. Some of thelines

are COrrect and

B had to ....... drive me to the the bus.

aicpcrt. I can get


A

some-have a word Which should not be there. If a fine is correct, cut a lick ( ..... J by the number on the separate answer sheet. If a line has a word which should not be there. write the word on the separate answer sheet. There are two exernples at the beginning (0 and 00). How lV helped
o When me learn

don't

need to
I

must

a language to
learn to speak quickly suggested ..... a

5 How wonderful Saturday up CIt 6"45 A

Tomorrow's get

first carne to live in Spain, I could not@

and we
B don't ..

00 1

speak any because television

01 my

Spall

ish I had

job. Some friends out to

to buying at

2 have
to 3 4

and this turned

be- a

really

good advice.

mustn't

At the first, I did not really understand aU, but little I would so I knew

anything

You .... .. a S!?CreL A

tell anybody. It's

by

little I began

to pick up the main ideas, the same day the world around

been read an Eng!ish newspaper that what was happening and I could understand for learr-mp

needn't

a mustn't
retake any of She passed

anyway

the oews. But the best of

7 She. them all A didn't 8 You ......


In

programmes

net examinations. June

I must
10
'rt

months patterns

Spanish were the game shows. have watched hundreds 01 them in the first few after I came to rille here. Because of the same
are repeated almost I began again and aqain. you learn the rules automatically. Despite of the fact I would normally
J

need

B needn't

12 13 14 1S

of the language have watched,

. get a good the exam.

that they were not the kinds. of programmes speak Spanish well now, I stili watch

night'S sleep before A must B have to

to quite enjoy of them.

Although

them sometimes,

F'art4 0 00 1

to V

8
9 10

2
3 4

n
12 13 I• 15

5
7

87

Reading: multiple matching

I Paper

1, Part 4

>

Strategy
Read the

Not just a bUSiness, but a way of life


to the

texts once very quickly Underline key words. Read the text(s) very quickry. Underline key words.
Match the statements to the text.

statements

you hav~ to match

Howa company presents itself can have an important influence on how much investment they attract. Here is what four clothing companies have to say about themselves
A FU8U is .. bout pride and NIlS-peel in what YIl-U wear and who yc-u are! FUBU nunco ill 1992 when Daymoml..lohndeddedt-Qll)' :lJid IYIflkcwmc,1I0llCYOY (Ie.~ignillg nrt.d ~eUin!l the kind of"at:; he wanted to weur !limselfool coust 'lever find. DI_ymona tunt&:1 half of his IKIffie in QlJCCns. New York imo u faclory and tbe other h:lIrint('l<l living space for [he 'Team'. The 'Team' eonstsrcd or a group of neighbourhood fricntl~. all or whom are all illtcgml part of the company. By 1995 ruau were m:iI:i,)£ ·r::;hirts. rugbyfi.hirlS;. cmuests. Srul~i~go and Fernando tmvelhxl all O\'I;~lJ1C world on ~llrf!rJps. III Ur;v.ir Y1Cj' ilI(ll J.sfmthtl rmmLlf~crul'f;r. ~LIIdIx:!llln imponing 100 ~~ull1als 10 Iheir surf :ill0P. Soou the brol.her<; decidecilOIlI(lIltOJ1 from selling to de:<:igalng wtml l)(;(umcooooflilcllIOOI i,11loVllllw:reaeh:>aJKhJIse....,.r made. Toc13y,RuefBral.i1 m*e~ not only sandals, Imt 1I~. socks, nnd a whole tine of giri~' foolwt:UJ. But. although you can find R\:ef Brazil pl"Oductsin over 90 countries worldWide, lhe brothcrsha"cnotfoq:onen why me)' started the busioc:;:;:; loliveaOOIlI.lr1Urelh.::lifC$l),lc they love

You are gOing to read about four modern companies. For questions 1-13 choose from
the companies A-D.

Its founder started by making something


he couldn't buy at the time. It has an International

design

staff.

doesn't live up to
Il

work WJth people who den-t Its standards. people who

It was. started by a group of all hved in the same place. Its approecn has attracted

a lot of

swceutaru. denim. undilrwl"<lr.

interest
II originally sold two kinds of qcods.

The people who work

for the company

have a lot of independence.


It has gained the support of some

famous people
It was founded in one country but now

outerwcat, booI~ and shoes whh raw 1\1lIh.lri.ll~ from llr<lUll(f Ihe world. TOLIllY l'lIUU make W{lIlI~I)'S fUll.! t'hirclrerl's clollle.~M wdl.1't~ couecuon i~IlI~rn>old illlem.~lionlitly ill Fr.mce. Jupan, Germany Imd A"~lmli u Top mesical ~ITtislssu-ch es fI,'lariah CM!y lind SIIOOj) Do!!1lY Dog Imvc gfven FUBU tbclr SHimp of apprl.l\'at

cernes the name of another country. Though their headquarters are in one place, they are imemCitionaJ companies.
goods

Lio 11 '-_'----.--'-"~~

1f

They don't make such a Wide range of as the other companies


a particular

It is closely connected with leisure actIVIty

Reer Br.azil is a company based on a commitment to .. particular liIe-strle that ineludes travelling and boarding spOrls, The Sl()ry of Red staned in 1977 when Iwul>rolhffi. Fenmndi) and Santiago AgucITC..for'TJledlll7 'AMlt"13Clon Argenlm.-1 de Surf'. wl1i(:h evcnrueuy convinced tOO SO"CnIIll>CIIIto liliobrulullliut1inf:.ln 1979. remall(lo~nd S~\Dliago O!)CIlOO II sUlfsJlIJp in .Mar(jc-I PIlll~l. Argenti.," lind started i1romotillg. -Il scrtas of surf

Di.fI!lel is Ihe 'Haute C-ollture' of Casual. Diesel was born 20 years ago und i~LOJI:tY.1I1iIIllI:lW~!j"c d<::signO;:Oillp.llIlY, 1I11tnllf:t(lurin,gjM.ll<:Jnd eQ~II~1 clollling~.I. w~1I u:; a\:cessorir.:.o.. It i~presem in o .... er80,;crunlrtl:swith II.OCXI poims or selc and 20 ccmseny-owned acres. WiI(O Rcnao ROS_~Q founded the COmpany in 1978, he surrounded hilll-.clfwilh creative. l:l1t:nteoJ pcopie _ innt)vlliors who, like him. rejected Iheconvelllionsof the fashion indu<:l!),. Hega\'e his Qptn-milldt:d .Iew desig'Ii;~ brood ~tyJi~li(" freoootn. The Dieset $Iuffig made up of a wide variO:ly or people aild peNon~Jilie.; from 1111 pans orrhe gjobc. Die'>!;l people mid their working methods nre so LmOOIIVcntiorl;'l1 [Ilallhey ~~\'¢ been Ihe ~Ilbj&-Lof eeenuess m;1j;_alim::mnllcw5papcr

88

:..'' '::,;'.;.'.:;'':.....:':;:h,..:O:;:' ea;,;':;;''';::''.:;"'.:;'';::" ;

.''' ... ,

Vocabulary:
arrkles as well as
Jocllmcrtiliry tefevislon

media

prograrnm1:l>. They have abo been studied by (;ons~lci!lg organiS3lion~.intcmlllional rnngIClrnerM\!:j. um v <:r.dtie~ ODdbusfness schools. The lJe~dqmln(lr;,<: <Ire located in Moh'cnll, in the rcrtn-casrern pw1oflully. wberc thc ccepany manages J5 wb~idi~ries acm~~ Burepe. '\siu.md thc Americas. Diesel Il:IIlplOJl~ever 1.000 people worldll.idc.

1 Find words in this. word search grid to match the following definitions.

J C R 0
5

H
0 F

E U A K

D 5

L L K

I G

YE

oM

RG
F0

R
5 L T Q S L X

C
A

R T00N5

for evM}' genltration


Ihara'ta Qap.

NNXVU5 5 P0 CHAHE I WG B A W K L t: P 0E0IT0R IA R Q p B I L VWS


0C0XJ
UX P0
i,..,

Don Fisher cpcned 111(: irst G~_pIW)I'.;: ill f 1%9. on Ocean A\'enue in San Fmncis.:;o. Till: store, lI;hkh sold jeans and records. ~.;!.\ mlm~d afler ~ ~Llliural ~lR)(Uenon .hat was the talk o(~~ times: 'the gcnennion gap', In 1991 Gap again focused on Ih.HI-<:,1rlietem lllithil,instalitly recognizable r.Ill1p-,ign. 'Poe every tt!ler.lli(m there's a G.1p·. 'IlKl ~11pWly ha~ worjd hQJqlL.1nth in !he San fl'ollidSCl) B~l)' Arcu in California. in addition 10 a produ~t develcpmcm orrtce ill Nell' VOlt. II «lsc operates Qffi('l!sine.ac1\oflhe toonlriC5lnl'.'h.ichG-ap~lIs jaos. c~gll,ll clorhlag. (Io;mSOfi~sand tcileeics for dJil~ren end adl.llts - an: L'Ii.i!<:d ingdQI'lI. Cll.lladu. K Ff>oct.Jap-iln:Ul(tGcrlll,lnj·. G3~ln~.ma inI3ill~ fl 'Cocle or Conduct' which is de~i~ncd to ~nsure tliat business parmers ~per:lleelhicllll)' and .h;'ll ITK:rt~a~Jio.c ill produced uDderappropriu\c conditions inlhcUnitooStmes!HlC! lI\1lIod the world. Gap will 11Ql'Jilbn!il1('s!>whh people lIo11arefu<;e (0 abide by the CIl;:k.~lldm:1kc ilt,;le;lrlhat rompmrnising rhe Ietter or ljlilil.fJfLhcCO(Iowillrcsulc
In~scOll<:eq1J"'"f\CeS-IlP

Gap founder

T
the news in all
in

1 humorous drawing often deCiling with something amusing w8y the pan of the newspaper giving the opinion the newspaper on a problem or event .
01

the person

chargE' of

3 the title pdrued In large letters above a story m a newspaper 4 informal talk or writmg about other people's private lives . a person whose- job consists of collecting information end wriling things for newspapers and magazines .
word game which you do by fitting words quessed from questions and information into a pattern of numbered squares going down and across ........ a punted

Fir, in the gaps in the foHowing dialogue with all appropriate The first letter of each word has been given to help you

word

A" I can't seem to find the SBC World Service on this radio. Perhaps the(I) f... has changed. e It might JuSI be that the (2) b. .... are getting Jaw. Shall I get some when I go out 10 the newsagent's? A Could you? I went to listen to the news (3) h....... .... at eight. e: 1'1190just as soon as this has finished, These (4) s..... ....... are absolute rubbish, but once you've seen a couple of episodes you're

hooked.

ItfIIIinatlonoforrleP';l1l11lany
rulJll'¢busleess de.lli'lgs

.".iuKI ill~lllciil1_g II,e

You don't seem to be gening very good reception, Perhaps you should move the (5) a... e. Oh, we never get Channel S vert clearly Pass me the (6) r..... c... . .. ...... , will you? r just want to change over to see if the match has. started /1.: I thoughl you said you were going to the shops as soon as 'OaY5of OU( lives' had finished. E!: Couldn't you go instead?
A"

89

~ Listening: matching
P~per 4, Part

multiple

Word formation i!'aper 3, Part 5 About the exam

&;>
In

About the exam


There ere always five different

There are ten gaps

each word answer

tormetion

text. You write

the- words

YOIl form on a separate


Strategy • • Read the text through Form words Check that Be careful

sheet.

speake-rs who talk about a theme such .as travel, the


media or health

once to gel CIgeneral them

Idea of what

it

is about.

• Decide what part of speech

is missing for each gap. above the gap~.

Strategy
Read the instructions and ask any questions before the cassette starts listen for dues to match each speaker to the prompts. Check your answers wh£on you hear the cassette again.
Don't leave ally questions

to fill each gap and write

Read the completed

text to check that it makes sense. sheet

[he
to

words are spelt correctly the right numbering.

Transfer your answers to the answer

fellow

Read the following each line 10 form example

text and use the word a word that

given in capitals at

the

end of

fits.

in the gap in the same jine

There is an

unanswered on the answer sheet - guess if necessary!

at the beginning

(0). Writt=! your answers

on the answer sheet.

EXAMPLE: (0) variety Media career opponunities VARY JOURNAliST OPTION Newer . ENTeRtAIN AVAILABLE ENtHUSIASM

YOu w~11 hear five different men talking about experiences th.ey
have had with the media. For questions 1-5 look at the statements A-F end match them There is one to the speakers

Nowadays

there is a (O) .. !'~.~~i!!t,.y career opportunities .. of

m the media. It is possible to study (1)....... at most universttles, many of which offer (21... courses ~n re-porting degrees students as. recently on sports and (3) which were (4) {S)... in media studies,

extra statement which you do not neeo to use. Use the letters once only. Speaker 1 . Speaker 2 Speaker 3
A He was taken in by an

as ten years ago, attract

from QII over the country prefer to work to use their in (6) . ADVERTISE

Some
{S)....

gradu"tes

Speaker 4 Speaker 5

. .

as it 3110Vls them

('7)..

in

the

CREATE PRODUCE

... of Jnc:reasingly sophisticated

'TV and

press advertisements. (9}.... not all gradu.;Ites1ind work easily as there is still a lot ot (10)...... .. in the media industry. but things are improlfiog fORTUNATE EMPLOY

advertisement.
B He was interviewed radio. C He o
W.;IS

on the

in a television he wrote was in

edverttsement.
Something newspaper
He W.;IS

.a

rejected because he

didn't

seem natural.

11'

III

F He was. worried thet people would notice something.

90

"

It's a mad world


2 Label the features on these enlrnals and then wnte the name of one real animal which has each feature.

Match the sentences in Column A to a response in Column B Write the appropriate letter 10the gaps.. Column A
1 Are you sure

irs

true that they're

getting

mamed? 2 I'll never meet a girl as beautiful as Helen 3 It was meant \0 have been a surprise party, but it was obvious. he knew about It all along.
4

What dtd your Dad say when you told him you'd decided not to sit for your exams?

5 She'll be furious when she finds aut I broke her favourite vase.
6 1''Ie <Jotto

go into town to tomorrow morning.

the doctor

1 Shetold him she thought he was a really terrible manager. Column B


el

Why don', you kill two to the bank as well'

birds with

one stone and go

10

5 6

. .

11

b) fhat must have really put the cat among the piqeons
{) He nearly had kittens at first. but then he calmed

down and was quite nice about it dl Wouldn't it be better to take the bull by the horns and tel her? e) What nonsense! There are plenty more fish in the sea ~ So who do you think let the cat out of the bag' g) We-Ii,I heard
it

What animal is being talked about in the following sentences?


1 HI? always.

barks

01 the postman. from

I can hear them mooing over the hill 3 4 He

gave

a mIghty

roar. and hosed

straight from the horse's mouth

II. raised its head

She neighed es I came into the field. If you stroke her, she purrs loudly

91

Speaking: problem solving


[ Paper 5, Part 3

Grammar: conditionals
1 Fill in the gaps 10the followrng sentences with the most likely form of the verbs in brackets, 1 If you wstem..
What ......... (Will) (b@) (be) (work)

>

About the exam


In Paper 5 you are given marks for use of grammClf and vocabulary, pronunciation, f1uer1CY. nd ability a to commemcate. The examiner may also assess you on task achievement (how well you do each of the things you are asked to do in Paper 5).

happy, your immune well.

(you/buy) If you the lottery? home by SIX thirty unless ... (bEt) late

3 I..
my

. plane

Strategy When you do a problem solving task: • make sure YOu understand what 10 do. • cover ell the points you are asked to talk about. • ask for the other candidate's opinion (g] 1 Listento the interlocutor
instructions for 9111in9 1wQ

4 It I .... ...... (have) time tornorrcw evening, I .. ... (sew) those green buttons on your Jacket. 5 No matter how hard you you . ... (norlcof)vim:eJ right.
6 We.. (notldn've) all

..... (try), me you're the W<;I\j to the the-ir plane

cerodetes
Mark

task and Study the map below

the following statements T (true) or F Oalse>. 7 1 Each candidate has to talk for three minutes 2 The candidates should decide together Which animals they want to see 3 The problem close- soon.
4 The IS-

airport if we had been delayed.


If

(know)

you (divide) two thousand fIVe hundred and ninety-six by fifty-four, you ........... (g@l) forty-eiqht point oh sever.

that the zoo is going 10

8 They .. she birthday


9I (promi:s-e) 10 If r

(meet! three years earlier If


(come) party. (lend)

to my eighteemh

candidates will need [0 know the words for various kinds of ammals.

you my new shirt to wear

to the party, so long as you

to give- It back
.. (be)

you.

(,.11) him.
11 If you,

you ..

...... (mix) an alk.;lli With a fat, (make) soap.

12 I.. (leO you stay up and watch TV tonight provided that you ..... (finish) your homework first.
13

he .. ... (nortsrand) under that dUring the thunderstorm last week, he ....... (nor/ger) struck by lightrllng
If ......... (be) (yew/do) If you Prime Minister'

tree

14 What.

listen to Dimitra and Giorqcs doing the task Who got good marks for interactive communication)

92

t'xrr

1:1

Ir';.<1

mad WOfrd

Complete the following sentences m an eppropnate way 1 If I do weir In my exams, my parsrus . ., .

Spend oil mexenum at fifteen minutes filling ill the gaps. In the following text and copying them on to the answer sheet

2 I might

not

have

met my

best friend if

.
the lenqth Qr a double-decker bus. A tiger depends (6) its sharp eyes and keen ears. rl waits in 00\18' and rushes at the .animals il hunts. iumping on (7) . If n tails, it etten (8) up because I gels tiled very easily, H can go lor more than a weex ~ (9)... .._ calching anything Tigers comrncrrcare by many The tiger can jive in elmost sounds. inCluding a roar (hal {OJ .. ~!!y , . natural can be PO) .. . .. over envjrorimerd from not, steamy several miles. Adujt tigels Junglss to enowfteros with sub. usually live alone. Zero lempefatures A female (11).. .. they are quite tiger has her first Cubs when frrendly Wlt~ each other. They sne is less (1 J. ... four mOsllyhunt(12)_ " years old. Aboul half usually die rllght Theil olten rneer while betore Il1ey (2).... .a they {13J_ . "..... ,out year old They killiheir first small huntrng rub heads logelher and animals when Ihey are about then parr. one .;lnd teave rnetr moine- a They have similar bodies Ileal (3) ... (t4}._,.. . ..... lions. Tigers are gOOd SWTrT)m8rs, Neverjheless:, (15}" eM climb trees (4) .. " ..... ,,.,_ .. never mate together if1 the wild eat 23 kilos of mea! in a nigh!. Occasionally lhey do in ZOos They can jump nearly nine and their airs-pring are Called metres, (5).. .., is sbcur 'tiglons· or ·tigons'.

3 If I could change one thing about myself. I

4 The world would be a better place if

5 If I stay out in the sun In the

summer,

6 If I had to choose two records (or CDs or cassettes) to take to a desert island. I

7 1wouldn't live anywhere else in the world unless

Vocabulary and grammar: open cloze

AbDut the exam 'rou have 1 hour and 15 minutes to do the five tasks in Paper 3 and transfer your answers to the answer sheet. Strategy
• Read the text • Read it

........
DoMI

once qUICkly to find out what

It

is

about. again, paying attention to the words around the gap. • Decide wh.at part of speech is missing • Fill in the gaps on the question paper. Read the text again to make sure it makes sense. Make guesses for any gaps you cannot fill. Iransfer your answers to the answer sheet. ...All of this :-hould take you no more than flttesn minutes.
I I I

10

n ,. ,.
13 1S

= = = = == == == == ='= = "= =" = "= = "= = "= ., =

= = = =

93

.Jl,

-,

:..,.._------....;;;.;.._'-'-.;.._ Vocabulary:

LIN IT

],'

II'Sal'l'ladwofld

places

Writing:

describing places

[paps?). Part 2

::>

About the exam Another option you may have to choose from In Paper 2 is desCfihing a piece or building

I~:~;::.I L.

r Hot tip! -----get better marks


if

---,
your oescnpnon
i~mtere.s.W'l91

.J

1. Cirde the best alternative sentences

in

the folJowlng

1 If you likl;' water sports. your vj5~t10 Lake Eildon will certainly be spe((ijcularlenJoyable The new cernpsite and sports centre ere located just outside the [own in colourful/gloriouS countryside 2 .. " 5 .. 3 One thing that makes the cathedral different is its exoticluru15u~1 spire. A Vienna is the pl(lc€ to visit for music-lovers and its cafes are famous for their charmlngld@!icioo5 cakes. and pestres 5 The lsndscspe is vaned, ofler[llg spectacular/c%urlul views 01 the valleys. 6 The market is very ,o/ourlu/ldel;:ciov~ With stallholders in traditional costume selling exotic/glorious fruit and vegetables. 7 II you visft the mountain lIillages, have umch in one of the chilrm,iJglenJoyable taverns where the local wme .s served. LOOkat the following task and the answers two candidates wrote. Then match the candidates" answers to the examiner's comments. Describe your ideal home, saying where it would be and how you would decorate one ollhe rooms.

Fill in Ihe g.;lps in the following sentences with an appropriate word. The first letter of each word has been given to help you. , My father expects me to help mow the I... . at the weekends gardening tools in the corner of the garden
He keeps all the There's no in a 5.

room

Ior

those sunceses down here. Put

them up in the

0 .... "

4 The burg',m got In by climbing up a d and through the bathroom window. They got on so well with their neighbours they decided to take down the f... .. between their qardens. 6 There must be someone home. I can see smoke coming out of their c...
7 We keep

all the wme in th~ c i1"5 so much cooler down there

..... because

I cou'dn't se€ over the h.... but I could hear children playing in the front qarden

94

Candidate A
1 COll'!!l@Dtson caodidate

"JI""" Mm< um&t ~


"'p,'lom
wkr.
I

a~';'

tk <awdtY

Grade: There

Unsatisfactory is lit_tle attempt to structure the

t:u<
tfu

I""'" t!.iId ~

J.v,g.14w- = • Mt i"'" """.&,


It "","",1Ia.ve
sp.d.~

answer in terms of the Inat ruct Ions .


The vocabulary used entirely aDl?~opriate 'rhere are basic errors is very to the with simple task . verb and not

,~n/.s"u.c.Mdr=.

...,. n/ tk ~,..,I.;,A ,;,. ~ ckr"""",. on.{d!. _ Jt.w. WmdJ t.. ~<.5"""~ ~ til. ,{,....,.

forms

and

'.... oro order . The use of


the Present Simple would confuse the reader. making it difficult to tell if the writer W.;iS describing an ideal or simply his actual horne. 2 C'Qrrrrneflts Grade: Very on Candidate
"s

!JI1'~,tUI&w~

plad< and

-""',&d t>......

J&~"""'"""",,,J!-o4s.""""_"'.~' ""'" si<..d -teA rIl. 5mJl fo<ksJ::;: ~


"" tA..~. rk
~~

/,.,..u I.4td .w-f";"'~ ~


no;;m.
,$g ~

9Qswer

lwi;!g

u-e equi!d _:p

<nd

(.4.v.e

good of of

qn..

evtJ{_'{a.!.

t.&.s14N:,JfI&~E~

b,JJ.,!,9~"Q~"",=Jd& ""~ 7!1u-. ~ &~

=u..

well-organised piece meets the recui.renents instructions.


A

wri tiog
the

which

s7'"

nnd=mfor'./h.

~C_dU~u..SIt.n..

1'}g.<-.. w.uU
tktoU':!fIl'~

oh.;r... U",.,~

~,. =d.,;,,,

A range of ideas is cOmmuniCated with e good range of vocabulary and st roct-ures . though there are two minor er-ror-s with vccabu Lar-y .

..d!h~

<=ld~

l!If.~/q~~aut.,,""""'"-'I:.:UIel.M,:;Utcr;.

T;,e use of the conditional I wo.uld) makes. it clear that the wri ter is taHt.:lng about an ideal, though the last eenrence is inappropriate in a description of this kind.

Candidate B

3 Find the two VOQlbul(31)1 mistakes the examiner mentions in the good composition. Write the sentences with these mistakes out again correctly in
your notebook.

4 1

Now write

your

answer

to the

task

in

Exercise 2.

Underline

key words in the

instructions

Tlunk 01 ideas: What kind of house Dr tJat would you choose? Would you build it in the country Or in city, town or viljage? Whi;lt would you be able to see/do there? Which room will you describe?
(3

Write a plan of your composition foHowing Candidate A's answer.


4 Write your description in 12Q-180 words making

sure that you use some of the vocabulary you studied in this unit and appropriate conditional forms 5 Che(k c(lrefutly for spelhng error; and mistakes with verbs.

95

..~ : .. ----..;;..~;_:===;:
u>:n 1.1 It·sllm.;ldworld

Grammar:

key word transformations

~ Listening:

gap fill

Strif'tegy .. Complete the sentence5 on the question paper without changing the form of the word given. • Check for spelling and verb form mistakes. .. Wrrte only the missing words in the space on your answer sheet. .. Check that you have copied your enswers accurately.

Strategy
• listen for the general idea and specific information . • Answer as many questions as you can the firs.t time you hear the recording .. FiUIn the other answers the second time you listen • In the pause (heck spelling and grammar.

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meamnq to the- fi~t sentence. Use the word in bold and other words to complete each sentence. 1 She said she would lend me her notes. promised She ...... me her notes 2 Although she studied very hard, she didn't do very well in the exam, despite She didn't do very weollin the exam ...... very hard.
My father used My father etten played

YOuwill hear a man being Interviewed about ghosts and haunted buildings in Europe. Listen and complete the gaps in these notes which Summarise what the speaker says. After you have heard the recording for the second time, transfer your answers to the 8nsw.e, sheet. Spend only one minute doing this. Number of sites visited in Britain
(1)

Marks of violent past events released by (2) , .... and particulerlv sensitive people. Dracula: real person: ruled part of Romania in
(3) .....

the

cane

while

we

~ng.

while we sang

4 If I don't feel better tomorrow. 1"11 go [0 the doctor. unless I'll go to the doctor tomorrow better. S YOu mustn't talk during the test. supposed You. .. during the test.
6 I couldn't put tolerate

Ti(govrste: (4)... . ..... of Dracula's kingdom and where he had his palace. Said to have killed more than (5)... people. location of E:cclescrieg House, the castle that inspired Bram Stoker: Aberdeenshlre,
(6).

One member of the family who lived there was the commander (7)..... Died In mysterious circumstances. Body
(8) ..

her bad behaviour any longer. ...... her bJd

I couldn't. behaviour any longer

Durmottar castle: used to imprison rebels alter Royalist rebellion in (9) .. More than dungeon
Part 2 1 2 3 5 (10)," .

7 I have a degree (lnd also extensive sales experience. addition I have extensive sales experience ........ a degree 8 She lost her job because her work was careless carefully II she . she would not beve lost her Job.

people kept in


7

s
9
10

96

1J~\ltTU

It's;.. m~cfwolld

Reading: matching

multiple

Paper 1, Part I

>

Strategy • Read the paragraph headings and the text once quickly to get a general idea.
I

necessities
The solidly butlr stone is set amid forest in the hills sign by the gates private property. house 01 wood and fifty acres of Scottish above Cleneagtes. A warns that this is A cuetorn-bmtt coach parked In front cost S.120.000. but as we all know stars ate very fussy about these things. a forty-uve foot swimming the garden - but when this particular star ..... workil'lg in as Hollywood he had his own jacuzzi 100. Beside the pool is a liUle log cabin with a pile of rubber lyres Inside. Go into the house itself und you notice thai everything is big - up to and including the meals

Bear..

cUD

Pay attention

to the structure

01 the text. • rmd the main idea in each pareqraph • Wfile the paragraph headings 10 the spaces On the question paper.
• Read the text through with

He went to Ih€ USA and met an Indian who 'kept a bear. When Andy got rnerrted, he confessed to his wife thnt he wanted a bear as part of the family. Most women would probably have begun divorce proceedings. but nOI Maggie, a farmer's daughter and keen horse-rider. Hercules was bought almost fifteen years !l,go from the Wildlife park in Scotland where he was bern. He was four feet tall, but very wild then. TO(\;lY a's eight feel from the ground to the Up of his nose, IS__j Commercials and Illms have made him famous, and when he was lost a few years ago it was headline news. But there was nothing Ior the public to worry about. Hercules Is a very tnendty bear. His owners say this has stood in his way professionally when he has gone for roles thai need a big bad bear. 'He's tried to gel se-rous parts lI1 films - but he's got all awfully soft face,' says Maggie. 16__j AI home, three children up the road etten come round to lea. This is Hercules' house as much as it is the Robins' so he goes where he Hkes. H~'II watch TV when there's something g()()d and loud On, like a 10m and Jerry cartoon. And he appreciates an occastcnal curry or perhaps something Italian for supper for a change. 17__j He sleeps in the log cabin by the pool, but he loves the pretty lour-poster bed in the Robins' bedroom. To some degree this house has been made 'Hercules-proof' wlth bare walls and corridors that have been made wider than usual. 'It's true there aren't that many ornaments about,' :';OIY"Maggie, 'bur that's really more because of Andy than Hercules.'

the headmqs. • Iranster your answers to the answer sheet. .. Do net spend more than eighteen minutes on thispart of tile test

12__j There's

pool In

Readthis magazine article aboct a pet bear. Choose the


most suitable heading from the

lislA-H for each pert 01 the article 1-7. There js one extra heading which you do not need to use. Iransfsr your answers to the answer sheet below
A A mystety resident With a big

appetite.
E! Make yourself at home. C Specially designed D A nasty temper. t A bit of 'uxury. F Too gentle for his own good G An understandmq wife. H Keep ouu

13__j In the knchen most 01 the Iced is lirmly 1000kedaway, but on the breakfast bar In the morning you'll flnd a healthy portion of baked beans wttf bread and o!;ggs, plus ccrree with Jots of sugar and cream. And ut teatime, a dish cooked with tomato soup, potatoes and Hlreen pouncts of fresh meat. It makes YOu WOnder who on earth lives here. Fhe solution is provided by a sign outside Andy and Maggie Robins' home. It reads: 'Warning - Hercules the bear walks free beyond this gate' (4__j It <Ill started back ill the days when Andy was stili a protesstonal wrestler.

,4, ,4,

= b
,4,

=
,4,

J!, J!, J!, J!, J!, b

~
2; 2; 2;

~
C

2;

g, g, g, g, g, g, g,

s:

do
d,

s. "'"
.b .b

do
d,

~ "'"

do do do

.g, .g, .g,

s.

.g, .g,

.::.
d!, d!, d!, d!, d!,
h.orn
IYOUI":I<

db

d!,

97

,··v·

UN I T

14
1 She was.

Guilty or not guilty?


Reading: multiple choice
to firl the gaps in the

Vocabulary: crime
Choose the best alternative

following sentences. .. by it man who threatened to tell


about her past.

Aaout in
2 this

the exam
you may be esked

her employer

There are four types of questions

A hijacked The, .....

B blackmailed hed e knife so she galle him her bag.

part of the exam.


about about what the text means. 01 pronouns (e.g. the meaning

1 Questions Questions

A smuggler B mugger
Department stores lese millions from

it. rhem) those)


3 4 Ouestions

and demonstratives about the indreduel

rhis, (hat

re.c.

A pid:pocb:.ting
4 A He A forged When

B shoplifting Iii the fire.


signature On £20.000 worth

words

The poltce [oink a'an

Ouestions about where what its purpose is.

the text comes trom or

arsonist

forger

hts father's B

Strategy
For questions whIch ask you about looking what the text

of cheques.
smuqqfed transport. always keep

means you

should: at the alternatives. for your answer in the text. closest 10 your answer.

• answer without find evidence

you travel on public

your bag carefully closed in case of A hijackers B pickpockets 7 The"


A

• find the alternative

• make sure the other answers are wrong. Do the-y say the opposite of what the text says) Do they say somethjnp that may be true but which is not the bank in the text? Do they say something exactly the same as the text? hours to dedde. Spend eighteen minutes only similar but not

.... said she was sure he W;;lS the man shoe


away from B Judge twenty-tour B jury they m.anaged to reach a B verdict him

had seen running

witness

It rook the A accused Eventually A plea

reading

the text

opposite. answerjng the ouesuors and tr.ansierrin.g your answers to the answer sheet. . 1 What B did the court decide about never Mr Howarth?

10 11
12

The

judge gave

suspended

A punishment

B sentence the

A That he should

...... exists.in some parts of


A Probation The police have with A arrested B accused to .. .. B Capital

USA.
in connection

be allowed to drive aqam. That he should pay a fine and be prohibited from driving lor a year.
take another driving lest at once. not be punished Mr Howarth? reported him

punishment

C That he should D That he should

a woman

last Tuesday's- robbery

How did the police learn about A Men carrying out roadworks B Other drivers reported him. on ball. C A police D Another
C.;l(

13

The Judge- agreed A acquit

her

had to swerve to avoid him. them

B release

driver telephoned

98

FNIT 1,1 Guilty or net gLlilty!

3 Why A

did Mr Howarth

step

In the end?

Some S Another

policemen managed to S[OPturn. drJver stopped him


they would catch him eventually. on the road and he

Why

did Mr Howarth

plead

gUilty?

C He realised o There were 10 stop.

road

works

had

4 Mr Howarth did because

not realise

his

mistake

at first

A Beceuse he thought he had done a terr.ble thing. S Because he was dazed .;Ind contused C Because he Mad driven off when the policeman stopped him. o Because he had not Stopped as SOon as he could
have done. 7 How did Mr Howarth S Angry

A there WE're otner cars travelling in the same direction. 8 the incident happened at night. C there were not many cers and he couldn't see the other sJde of the road clearly. o he W.i;lS not wearing his glasses. 5 Mr Howarth
the road A when the- police stopped him to avoid him.

fee' A Ierrrtrsd and UPSEt!.


and frustrated.

about

the

Incident?

C He did not think he had done o He was glad jt was over. 8 Mr Howarth's A S ( this was lawyer daimed thet

anything

wrong

realised he was on the wrong side of

he had done a v.ery not typical

wicked

thing. behaviour

of his normal

8- after driving seventeen mites. C when he saw other cars swerving o before he h.;ld crwen II whole mile

he was not 10 blame for what he was too old to be drilli()g.

happened.

82-ycnr.l1ld chartered accountant .-00 has had a perfect driving record M~ pa~sing his test before me Second lVo,td W~r was Lmnned for a year \~eroiil" for travelling ~c.,.eIIIL'l:!IIllk~ I ~ the wrong direcucn on a dUll carriage uy. "'1Ili,}m Howarth became confused as hi: fried 10 ;wnid roadworks and set Q1f ona rood between Oxford and Newb u ry il'Ilhe wrong direction. magistrates III Abingdon were told Hcwanh. who U~l'S ~~ hearing uld <11111. 'lI.'t.1N; glasses, W'I~ (trlvillg IJ) {he fast I bne of (he nonhbcund c'lrriagcway iI~ he tnl.~elledsouth causing :.cv('ral drivers 10 !1I'l:1'YC a dark January afternoon. }\ on pelice car ill the 'OIT!::!:1 lone drove !1(lJlg,.~ioje Howarth's car find SIOPpe.cJ hun, but as the policeman climbed (l):er jlecenuul barrier Howarth set Oilligilll1. lie comlnued fOI' another ten miles u • police road hleek run:<:d nim 10 stop. Howarth pleaded gulll)' to dangerous dnvill!! and wa~ also fined t175. 1·lewas ookre:lto re-take his test if he wants 10 ~ril'e <\,galH nner the rear in which he is tmmm hom dn ...mg I" <;Ner. '
An

nut

He leaned forward as he ~lmiJll'd 10 hear yesterday as Mr John Horn, prosecuting. said police received a number of ~99 cnltc sityin;g it (M was travelling itt rbe wrnllg otrccnen MI' Robert Hawes, defending said Howarth sul! worked five day" a week as an accountant. sometimes I.ln~iI eighl 111 nlg~l . and h.ad <1'perfect' 60-),(:-1.11' .... dri ing record. lie had driven oro 10 the rood as he tried to avoid roadworks and had nor al flNt rearlsed he was in the wrong June because lraffi<: wa .. lighl and lre,~s blocked his view of tbc opposue camagcway 'Withiro a mile. he realised he was on rhe wrong cilrri<1Scl't'ay nnd hu, i~ltCllliQIl was 10 g":l orr as quickly R.~ possjblc and gel back all to the right road. 'There w ere in ("0;;( eight lay-bys along uic roUIC where he cnuld nave siopped alld for thai reasoe he accepts tl'ml he is
gutuy . . '-nlis was 1101 a Wicked plcce of driving. Mr Howarth wa~ disuric,lIlated. It was a nightmare journey for him and he was dazed, confused all(1 ln obvious :;\;I_\.'tC.\;.:

= =
A A

.b

= =
A A

.b

,!',
,!', ,!',

& &
,!',

.b b

=
B B

db db db db db db db db

.£, .£, .£, .£,

£ £ £

s.

99

.L

Grammar: make/let/allow

Vocabulary: phrasal verbs (make)


Match the following phrasal verbs with make to a definmon below. One of the verbs goes wrth tWO of the definitions. Write the numbers 1-5 in the gaps.

,.

There are mistakes In seven of the foHowing sentences. Find the mistakes and write the sentences out again correctly.
1 The police maoe him to stop. 2 The judge deeded not to allow him to drive.

Are you allow

to stey out after ten o'clock?

4 Do your parents make you studymq English?


5 Will the teacher let us. go home early) to the party.
Oil

1 make up 2 make out 3 make tor 4 make out (that) 5 make up for
a) to see, hear or understand difficulty b) to prepare something by putting something with

6 They allowed

us- going

7 DoE'')she lei you stay up late


8 My parents

Fridays'? like.

different

parts

together

e.q. a bed
of something

make me wear clothes. I didn't I didn't allowed to go me

c) to reduce d)

the bad effect

When t was younger, swimming

unless my parents were with let me to go. paragraphs

to

pretend something

10 rbsy wouldn't Complete

e} to move towards

f)
the follOWing in your own

to invent a story or piece of information

in order 2

to

deceive

people

words
Children , wouldn't of your own let my sons or daughters I probably wouldn't allow There is a mistake the following the sentences. with word order in each of Find the mistakes and write out again correctly in your notebooks. all

sentences
night. You'll

them .
And I think I would probably make

either. them .....

1 You won't

make for lost time up by working be too tired 10 work tomorrow,

The SOCiety I don't should think

we

llye in should be allowed In fact I think

2 WhClI he told me wasn't

true. He just made up it. him where hIS had been rne out

people

3: Whell the ponce asked they


4 that night.

he made that he had been with in

be made ... .. What's more we shouldn't let our

but I was

Prance

that week:

politicians ....

The escaped

prisoners. tried to make the mcontems they would be able to hide.

lor where they thought the

I don't

think

police- should

be ajlowed I thmk people who 6 think we made .....

She muttered some-thing under her breath, but I couldn't make exactly cut what she said.
If your friend wants- to spend e couple of days

commit

violent let ..

crimes should be

here.

And I don't

we could make a bed for her in the spare room up. They had a terrible other for a couple row and didn't of speak to each made up It

should

days,

but they've

and are the best of frfends again.

100

Оценить