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N. Dementyeva, N.

Akimova

ENGLISH TENSES:
GRAMMAR
PRACTICE ACTIVITIES
Samara State Pedagogical University

N. Dementyeva, N. Akimova

ENGLISH TENSES:
GRAMMAR PRACTICE ACTIVITIES

Samara 2007
УДК 8 11.111 (075.8)
Д-30
Печатается по решению редакционно-издательского совета
Самарского государственного педагогического университета

Р ец ен зен т ы :
кандидат филологических наук, доцент Э.П. Васильева
(Самарский государственный университет);
кандидат филологических наук, доцент Е.В.Гусева
(Самарский государственный педагогический университет).

Н.Я. Дементьева, Н .Ф. Акимова


ВИДО-ВРЕМЕННАЯ СИСТЕМА АНГЛИЙСКОГО ГЛАГОЛА:
учебное пособие по практической грамматике. - Самара: Изд-во СГПУ,
2007. - 84 с.

ISBN 5-8428-0118-Х

Настоящее пособие имеет целью развитие и совершенствование


навыков употребления временных форм английских глаголов в устной и
письменной речи. Грамматические навыки поэтапно закрепляются в ходе
выполнения разнообразных языковых, условно-речевых и коммуникативно
ориентированных упражнений.
Материалы пособия отражают современные нормы употребления
временных глагольных форм в американском варианте английского языка.
Пособие предназначено для занятий со студентами-филологами,
учащимися гимназий и колледжей с углубленным изучением языков, а также
для самостоятельной работы совершенствующихся в английском языке.

© СГПУ, 2007

© Дементьева Н.Я., Акимова Н.Ф., 2007


English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

PREFACE

The book “English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities” is designed for pre-
intermediate students of English departments at philological universities. It may
also be used by a wide circle of English learners who are interested in improving
their grammar and communication skills.
The book is based on the communicative approach and includes various
interactive tasks with the means and motivation to practice grammatical structures
and language functions in speech. At the same time each unit offers a reasonable
number of structure-focused drills providing accuracy in using grammatical
models, as well as translation exercises enhancing the students' awareness of
multiple correlations between English and Russian tense forms.
The structure of the book reflects the language issues under study: the three
main parts correspond to grammatical categories of the Present, Past and Future
tenses, while the units within each section are related to Simple, Progressive,
Perfect and Perfect Progressive forms.
Each unit opens with short and clear explanations concerning the structure and
meaning of English tense forms and provides a sufficient number of examples
illustrating their use in speech. The commentaries deal with the norms of using
tenses in modern American English, but they also indicate the most considerable
differences between the American and British variants of English.
The Practice section contains drills and interactive grammar activities on
English tenses which help to put the rules into practice. There are additional
speaking activities in the Extension section that has been designed to improve the
students’ communicative skills. A number of challenging speaking tasks focus on
learners’ own experience and opinion and encourage students to exchange their
ideas in class.
The Test Yourself section brings together the main points from the units and
provides materials for training before the final test.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

We would like to give credits to our colleagues who contributed to the


production of this grammar book:
- Julia Udaltsova for effective and highly professional support in printing the
final variant of the book;
Victoria Gudkova and Helen Streltsova for supplying grammar materials at
the initial stage of the project;
- Gulnara Dudnikova for her meticulous attention to the draft of the book as
well as fruitful ideas for improving it;
Rowena Jane Boldwin for precise remarks on numerous issues which helped
to polish the language materials offered in the book;
- all the colleagues for supporting this challenging project.
~ Elvira Vasilyeva and Elena Gusseva for devoting their time to reading and
evaluating the book.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice, Activities

PRESEN T TEN SES

TH E PRESENT SIM PLE TENSE

I / you / we / they work (study, go, like etc)


he / she / it works (studies, goes, likes etc)
9 do I / you / we / they work (study, go, like etc)?
does he / she / it work (study, go, like etc)?
I / you / we / they do not / d o n ’t w ork (study, go, like etc)
he / she / it does not / doesn’t work (study, go, like etc)

FORM AND M EANING

1. This monument stands in the center Simple facts in the present,


of the city. permanent actions.
They work at the plant.
She is a talented actress.
' 2. The sun rises in the east. General truths, laws of nature,
Water freezes at 0°C. various rules.
Schoolchildren in Russia have winter
holidays in January.
3. My grandfather always wears glasses Repeated, or habitual actions in the
when he reads. present.
On Sundays Jim and. Ted play tennis. (the following words and phrases are
My neighbors go to the seaside every common in such sentences: always,
summer. usually, often, never, sometimes,
every day f week / month etc, once /
twice a week etc.
4. He doesn’t want to see you. Actions in progress expressed by
1 suppose you are right. non-progressive verbs, such as be,
Do you see any mistakes in the see, hear, feel, know, like, want,
sentence? suppose, understand etc.
5. a) The train arrives at 6.15. Future actions: a) which will happen
Can you tell me when the concert according to a time-table, program;
starts, please?
b) When you finish your work, bring b) in adverbial clauses of time and
me the papers, please. condition.
If he goes to London, he will visit his
relatives.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

PRACTICE

I. Read the sentences and translate them into Russian. Explain the use o f the
Present Simple.

1. The plane leaves in two hours. Hurry up!


2. I like your idea of spending the week-end in the country.
3. If you see Jane, tell her to come home at once.
4. Bill, always asks lots of questions. To tell you the truth, he is sometimes
boring.
5. They don’t: understand what you are saying. Speak slower,
6. As soon as I find his address, I'll send him a letter.
7. Penguins cannot fly but they use their wings for swimming.
8. Are you attentive in class? I’m afraid you don’t always follow the teacher’s
instructions carefully.
9. My friends live in Maryland, USA. When I go to the USA next time, I’ll stay
with them for a week or so.
10. My class starts at 12, so we still have plenty of time.

II. Act out the following conversations. Pay special attention to the use o f the
Present Simple.

- Have you got much homework for tomorrow?


Yes, we have six classes tomorrow and all the subjects are difficult. I must do
three exercises in English, two equations in Algebra and learn a theorem in
Geometry.
- All right, then. I’ll come to see you tomorrow evening, if you don’t mind.

- Where’s Jack? The show starts in 10 minutes, and he’s not here yet.
- I’m afraid, he’s late. He lives in the suburbs and it takes him one hour to get
downtown.
- I’m tired of waiting for him every time. If we miss the show, I'll be mad!
- Don’t worry! There he is!

- I think this is the best park in the city. I always come here when I have free
time.
- Me, too. There are so many amusements here. Why don’t we ride on the roller
coaster?
- Oh, no! I’m scared of heights!
- But. it’s so exciting! If you. try it once, you’ll love it!

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

III. The verb “to be” has special forms for the Present Simple.

+ ! ? «
I am 1 am I (but aren ’t I) I am not
he / she / it is is he / she / it he / she / it is not
you / we / they are j are you / we I they you / we / they are not
Contracted forms:
I’m
you’re / we’re / they’re he / she / it isn’t
he’s / she’s / it’s you / we / are a re n ’t

Complete the sentences with the verb to be and a suitable word or expression
from the box.

interested busy hungry tired thirsty fond good sorry


__....eager sleepy___ in a hurry at-home late on tim e __ over______

1. How about Saturday? We can meet at our place. On Saturday we __are


usually at home in the afternoon.
2. Let’s put the children to bed. They______ already______ .
3. Do you know that Jean has two hamsters, a dog, a parrot and a goldfish in the
house? ~ Really? 1 guess, sh e ______ of pets.
4. You keep looking at your w atch.______ y o u ______ to leave?
5. No lemonade for me, thanks, I ______ n o t_______.
6. My brother likes sports. H e ______ especially_______in football.
7. My exam s______ at last! - Great! Now you can relax.
8. How cold it is! It doesn’t look like spring at all. - Right. Spring______ this
year.
9. You always tell me to be more punctual. Well, I hope I ______ today.
10. Can you help me to solve this difficult problem, Liz? - Sorry, I can’t. Ask
Mary or Jason, they______ b o th ______ at maths.
11. I feel like going to the cafeteria. And how about yo u ?______ y o u _______?
12. I don’t know what to give Bill for his birthday. -- I hear, h e ______ to have a
puppy-
13. Let’s go on working. I ______ n o t______ yet.
14. Please, don’t disturb Kate. S h e______ writing an essay.
15. W hy______ y o u ______ for her? She deserves the punishment.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

IV. Read, the sentences in the singular making all the necessary changes.
Remember that with he / she / It we pronounce the ending o f the verb as follows:

L.. . 1

m
W

N
[JLZ]

after voiceless consonants after vowels and voiced after the sounds
consonants M, M . 1j], [tfi. [<fe]
makes, meets, stops, snows, offers, flies, loves, misses, rises, washes,
laughs brings, plays catches, engages
Memorize: do - does [dA z]; have - has [haez]; say - says [sez]

Model: My friends work in London; they buy and sell cars. - My friend works in
London; he buys and sells cars.

1. Their little girls always thank us when we give them a present.


2. Animals find shelter when it rains.
3. Do they go out on Saturday evenings, or do they stay at home?
4. Birds build their nests in the summer and fly south in the autumn.
5. They never find the money they lose.
6. These apples are very green.
7. My friends cook fish very well, but they don 4 like to cook meat.
8. They have breakfast at eight o’clock and eat their lunch at half-past one.
9. These chairs are very comfortable but they are very expensive.
10. Our friends leave for Paris at two today and arrive there at about six.
11. Some of my friends hate reading but love going to the cinema; such people
lose a lot of pleasure in life.
12. Small boys cry when they hurt themselves, but as they grow older they hide
their feelings and don’t complain about trifles.
13. Housewives have to work very hard. They cook the meals, wash up, clean the
house and do the washing.
14. They say they don’t go to the south every year’. They prefer to spend their
holidays in different places and see the sights.

V. Complete the sentences. Put the verbs in parentheses in the Present Simple
Tense. Observe the following spelling rules.

for verbs ending in


-s, -sh, -ch, -x, -o a consonant + у
add -es change у into i and add ~es
misses, washes, catches, fixes, goes study - studies, try - tries

1. Laura is a diligent student, she always her homework, (do)


2. A cup of coffee in the morning is enough for me, but my husband usually
______ bacon and eggs for breakfast, (have)

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

3. The old m an______ to go for a walk regularly, (try)


4. Don’t worry, Mrs. Lang, your d au g h ter______ well with other children.
(mix)
5. Mr, Hope always______ British Airways, because he likes the service, (fly)
6. The hat is very becoming and i t ______ your coat, (match) Why not buy it?
7. The road______through a beautiful valley, (pass)
8. My father al w ays______ this TV program, (watch)
9. Can you believe it? Now sh e______ everything, (deny)
10. John wants to be good at languages. H e ______ Spanish, Italian and French.
(study)
11. Ask Helen how often sh e ______ her dog. (wash)
12. Professor Rice m ostly______ senior students, (teach)
13. H e ______ too much cash on him. (carry) Doesn’t he know it’s dangerous?
14. The old fisherman______ fish using special equipment, (catch.)

VI. Say that the person you are asked about does the same / doesn't do it.

Model: You live in North London. And your brother? - My brother lives there too.
They don’t drink coffee. And. you? - We don't drink it either.

1. I know that you don’t, smoke. And your husband?


2. Our relatives come to see us every summer. And how about your relatives?
3. I have a lot of homework every day. And what about you?
4. Jay and Nick work for this company. And what about Mr. Hoggin?
5. My children don’t eat cabbage. And yours?
6. The Nevils play golf every Saturday. And what about their neighbor?
7. I don’t know the city very well. And you?
8. My parents don’t feel, well in hot weather. And what about your mother?
9. Bob prefers jazz. And his friends?
10. I often think of the holiday we spent together in France. And you?
11. These girls are very good singers. And what about their brothers?
12. My grandmother doesn’t keep pets in the house. And yours?
13. Clare is interested in arts. And you?
14. Mr. Willard is on business in Geneva. And Mr. Hart?

VII. The following statements are false. Correct them making two sentences each
time.

Model: The Sun goes round tire Earth. - The Sun doesn’t go round the Earth. The
Earth goes round the Sun.

1. Painters make sculptures.


2. The Volga flows into the Black Sea.
3. Bananas grow well in a cold climate.
4. Nurses look after healthy people.

Ю
English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

5. A turtle runs very fast.


6. Journalists ask simple questions.
7. It seldom snows in Russia in winter.
8. Water freezes at 10° C.
9. Penguins use their wings for flying,
10. A pianist plays the guitar.
11. Moscow has very few places of interest.
12. People in Russia celebrate Christmas on December 25.
‘13. Michael Jackson sings songs in German.
14, Most Canadians speak German and. Spanish.

VUi. React to the statements expressing your doubt or disbelief. Follow the model.

Model: I never eat meat. - Do you really never eat meat?

1. His working day begins at 7 a.m.


2. These lakes never freeze in winter.
3. I look through a dozen of newspapers every morning.
4. It usually takes him five minutes to learn a poem by heart.
5. It is impossible to reach this village by car.
6. These pills are very effective.
7. Betty makes wonderful portraits of her friends and presents them for their
birthdays,
8. The mall closes up for renovation.
9. Nick is so sorry about it.
10. Temperatures rise up to 40° C in the shade in this part of the country.
11. Let’s not speak about it now. I’m in a hurry.
12. This sportsman wins every race he takes part in.
13. Kids go to school at the age of 5 in the USA.
14. Bill is eager to help you.

IX. Write special questions to the following sentences. Begin with the words in
parentheses. Remember that the word order doesn't change in questions to the
subject (who / what?) or its attribute (whose / which / what kind o f...?).

Model: Peter studies at the University. (Who?) - Who studies at the University?
Peter studies at the University. (Where?) - Where does Peter study?

1. Emily speaks French, English and German. (What languages?)


2. My son plays the guitar when he has time. (When?)
3. The Whites receive letters from their children every month. (Who?)
4. My neighbor leaves home at 8 a.m. every day. (What time?)
5. Pine trees grow well in this climate. (What kind?)
6. My friend often spends his holidays by the sea. (Where?)
и
English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities _ _____ _

7. I never drink coffee in the evening* because it keeps me awake all the night.
(Why?)
8. Mary has two daughters. (How many?)
9. My father is a lawyer. (Whose?)
10. I always feei happy when my friends are around. (When?)
11. You criticize his work all the time. (What?)
12. We see this man in the park every Saturday. (Whom?)
13. His mother teaches him to play the piano. (Who?)
14. It takes us twenty minutes to get to the office by bus. (How long?)
15. My parents are eager to see this performance. (Who?)

X. Translate into English using the Present Simple.

1. В Лондоне часто идет дождь.


2. Никто не знает', где он живет.
3. Этот профессор говорит на пяти языках.
4. Она всегда опаздывает на занятия? •- Да, она никогда не приходит
вовремя.
5. Эти цветы хорошо растут- в теплом климате.
6. Я. люблю читать детективы, а мой брат предпочитает приключенческие
романы.
7. Он всегда с тобой соглашается, не так ли?
8. Джейн не знает ответа на этот вопрос.
9. Почему ты не приходишь к item больше?
10. Сколько стоит эта книга?
11. Мы любим рыбу, но не едим ее каждый день.
12. Он пишет мне каждую неделю, но ничего не рассказывает о своей
работе.
13. Сэм надеется успешно сдать все экзамены.
14. Вы часто покупаете продукты на рынке?

EXTENSIO N

I. Speak on the following points using the Present Simple.


a) State some fa d s in the present concerning:
yourself
your native town
your mother / father
your pet

b) State some universally known facts concerning:


water
the sun
the Volga river
dogs
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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

c) Describe some habitual actions in the present which you perform / which your
friend performs:
in the morning
on Sunday
in class
in the country
on the beach

d) Make up 5 sentences in the Present Simple with the following stative verbs:
think
see
prefer
include
belong

II. Use the cues to make up a conversation.

Partner A Partner В
Ask your partner about his / her You can either answer your partner's
hobbies. You can use the given cues questions by using the following notes or
though you can ask other questions as by talking about your real hobbies.
well.
What hobby? photography

Others? surfing, playing chess

How much time? take photos on holidays, play chess with


a friend once a week, surfing in summer

How started? Father plays chess; got a camera as a


birthday present

Why these? surfing is fun; can play chess anywhere

Bad points? film is expensive; need someone with a


car for the surf board
Source: F.Klippel, p.143

III Role-play the following situation.

You come to a new school and you would like to know more about your
classmates. Ask one of them, Mary, about her hobbies, friends, family, pets,
favorite books, films, music etc.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

In her turn,. Mary would like to ask you some questions about your sphere of
interests and the usual pastime. Try to find some common interests that you share
and speak about them to the class.

IV. Ask each student in your group a question about his / her eating habits. Write
down the answers briefly and get ready to sum up your findings to the class.
Suggested questions:

1. How many meals a day do you have? Do you sometimes have snacks in-
between?
2. What kind of dessert(s) do you like?
3. What kind of drink(s) do you like?
4. Do you sometimes have meals in a cafe? How often?
5. When do you prefer to have the most substantial meal: in the morning, in the
afternoon, or in die evening? Why?
6. Are you good at cooking? What is your favorite dish?
7. What do you usually have for breakfast?
8. What do you call healthy food?
9. What do you call junk food?
10. What traditional English dishes do you know?
11. What dishes do you. cook for a New Year party?
12. Which of the dishes that your mother cooks do you like most of all?

V. Complete the quotations with the verbs from the box. Agree or disagree with
them, giving your reasons.

come know happen make (twice) start


__МУе_ lie wait catch have (twice)

1. The man w ho_____ no mistakes does not usually make anything. E J. Phelps
2. It’s not that I’m afraid to die. I just don’t want to be there when i t ______ .
Woody Allen
3. Everything______ to him w ho______ . Traditional
4. The brain is a wonderful organ. I t ______ working the moment you get up in
the morning, and it doesn’t stop until you get to the office. Robert Frost
5. There is nothing either good or bad, but thinking______ it so. Shakespeare
6. If there is any one secret of success, i t ______ in the ability to get the other
person’s point of view and see things from that person’s angle. Henry Ford
7. A drop of honey______ more flies than a gallon of gall. Abraham Lincoln
8. Experience is the name everyone______ to his mistakes. Oscar Wilde
9. An expert is one w ho______ more and more about less and less. N.M. Butler
10. H e ______ the right to criticize w h o _______ the heart to help. Abraham
Lincoln

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

TH E PRESENT PROGRESSIVE TENSE

i am
+ he / she / it Is learning (playing, sleeping etc)
we / you / they are
am i
9a is he / she / it learning (playing, sleeping etc)?
are we / you / they
I am not / I ’m not
he / she / it is not / isn’t learning (playing, sleeping etc)
we / you / they are not / aren ’t

FORM AND MEA NING

1 .' You are driving too fast. Temporary actions, or situations


I am using John’s mobile phone occurring at the moment of
because I’ve left mine at home. speaking.
2. The weather Is getting hotter and hotter. Temporary situations existing or
I am staying with my friends at the changing during the present time.
moment.
3. He is flying to Madrid tomorrow. Fixed arrangements in the future.
Our relatives are coming to visit us next
week.
4. She is constantly biting her nails. Annoying habits and actions
You’re always borrowing money- characteristic of certain persons
(usually with words like always,
constantly).

PRACTICE

L Read the sentences and translate them into Russian. Explain the use o f the
Present Progressive.

1. Due to global warming the climate of the Earth is changing.


2. Are you singing at the concert next Friday?
3. Jack and Maggie are still looking for a perfect house.
4. Mary is at the seaside. She is having a good time there.
5. I’m tasting the milk to see if it’s OK.
6. W e’re meeting Jack this afternoon. We must discuss art important question.
7. Tom. is always speaking on the phone for hours.
8. Susie is working very hard. She wants to get a good score at her English exam.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

II. Change the sentences into the Present Progressive using now, nowadays, at the
moment. Add a sentence to develop the situation.

Model: Rick paints his house every year. - Rick is painting his house now. Let's
help him.

1. She studies art,


2. It snows here in winter.
3. He has a shower every morning.
4. We swim, in the swimming-pool every Sunday.
5. Chris drives very fast.
6. You smoke a lo t
7. I don’t drink coffee more than twice a day.
8. She speaks good English.
9. They do the shopping on Saturdays.
10. Tony plays golf with his friends.
11. 1 write to my parents every week.
12. My sister listens to classical music.
13. Nick plays the guitar to his friends.
14. They have a French class three days a v/eek.

111. a) Write Participle I o f the verbs paying special attention to the spelling rules.

The mute e is dropped before -mg tak e-tak in g


dance - dancing
The final у is not changed before -ing try ~~trying
say - saying
The letters ie are replaced by у before -log die - dying
lie - lying
The final consonant is doubled if it is preceded by get -- getting
a short stressed vowel put - putting

The final I is always doubled before -ing in Br.E.;


level - levelling (B.E);
it is not doubled in Am.E. if it is preceded by a
leveling (A.E.)
short unstressed vowel

fry, study, lie, lay, put, fly, make, tell, sit, rise, win, go, begin, drive, bring, call,
visit, see, close, look, refer, cut, travel, tie.

b) Write the verbs in parentheses in the Present Progressive.

1. John and I (stay) in a beautiful hotel.


2. You (wait) for a letter from your parents?
3. 1 (try) to listen to the radio but it’s very noisy in here.
16
English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

4. Why you (sit) idle? There are so many things to do!


5. What (lie) over there on the table?
6. Sue and Joe (make) a cake for dessert because their friends (come) to see them
tonight,
7. The sun (shine) brightly today and many people (wear) glasses.
8. They (travel) in Italy now.
9. I can’t hear what you (say), the traffic (make) too much noise.
10. They (think) of renting a cheaper flat.
11. Where is Kate? - She (tidy) up her room upstairs. Our friends (come) to see us
tonight.
12. What you (look for)? - 1 (look for) the key. I hope I haven’t lost it.

IV. Work in pairs. Partner A changes the sentences into tag questions. Partner В
answers them negatively and adds a sentence in the Present Progressive to develop
the situation.

Model: Pam is traveling in Germany now, isn’t she? - No, she isn’t. She is
traveling in Austria,

1. She is having an English lesson now.


2. They are watching an exciting film at the moment.
3. Jane is still writing her test.
4. My father is listening to the news.
5. Their teacher is explaining a new grammar rule to them.
6. My colleagues are discussing the new project in the next room.
7. The tourists are waiting for the guide near the exhibition.
8. Little Janet is playing a computer game.
9. My neighbors are having a party.
10. Sam is reading an interesting story by E' Hemingway.
11. My mother is cleaning the apartment.
12. Mary is cooking a delicious dinner for the kids.
13. The students are meeting Mr. Cheever at 10 tomorrow.
14. My son is sleeping now.

V. Fill in the correct tense o f the verb in parentheses and act out the dialogues.

Remember that we do not normally use believe, forget, hate, know, like, love, need,
prefer, realize, remember, suppose, understand, want, appear in the Present
Progressive.
Eg. I don’t believe you.
The verbs think, taste, see, look, smell, feel, have can have progressive forms, but
there is a difference in meaning.
Eg. I think he is too arrogant. (I think ~ I believe)
I ’m thinking about moving to Chicago. (I am thinking = I'm considering)

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

1 A: Jane still (think) of renting that house?


B: Well, she (like) it but she (think) it’s too expensive.
A: Yes, she’d better look for another one.

2 A: What you (look) at?


В: I (watch) the man standing by our house. Don’t you think he (look) queer?

3 A: Why you (smell) the milk? I only bought it this morning!


B: Well, it (not smell) good to me!

VI. Complete the letter with the correct form s o f the Present Progressive or the
Present Simple using each suggested verb once. The first is given as an example.

stand seem write be make shine stay taste look cost feel face

Dear Sarah,
1 am writing to you from Barcelona where everything______ to be just fine; we
______ great and relaxed. W e _______in a wonderful hotel w hich_______an old
fortress. I t ______ at the top of the hill just opposite our hotel and we can see this
wonderful building through our window! I t ______ wonderful! The hotel is good,
but unfortunately i t ______ a lot to stay here! The food is delicious. Have you tried
gazpacho? It’s a cold cucumber and tomato soup which th e y ______ with oil,
vinegar and garlic and i t ______ delicious.
Well, outside the s u n ______ , so I’m going to the beach. I hope y o u _______OK
there in Liverpool.
Love,
Lucy

VII. Underline the correct tense form, Present Simple or Present Progressive, in
the following sentences.

1. We are not traveling / do not travel by train very often, we like traveling by
plane.
2. If you do not listen / are not listening to the radio, why don’t you switch it off?
3. You usually are making / make this dish using pork, spices and potatoes.
4. I’m sorry, I feel / am feeling too tired tonight to go to the Smiths’. Do you
mind if we stay at home this evening?
5. London is great and we are having / have a good time here.
6. My car is quite old and I think / am thinking of buying a new one.
7. You look / are looking wonderful in this dress tonight!
8. I am preparing / prepare for a report now, don’t disturb me, please.
9. Do you still do / Are you still doing your homework, Jane? It’s late and you
should go to bed at once.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

10. It’s November already and it’s getting / it gets colder and colder.
11. What’s wrong? Why do you look / are you looking at me so angrily?
12. My sister has taken her English exam recently. Now she waits / is waiting for
the results of the exam.
13. I think / am thinking his German is good.
14. Bob, why do you / are you always talking during the lesson?

VIII. Translate the sentences into English paying special attention to the use o f the
Present Progressive.

1. Посмотри! Мой брат идет сюда.


2. Когда ты уезжаешь в Лондон? - На следующей неделе.
3. Не шуми! Родители отдыхают.
4. Взгляни, как красиво! Солнце заходит.
5. Сейчас идет дождь. Давай подождем, пока он закончится.
6. Кому ты звонишь? Своему однокласснику.
7. В котором, часу мы встречаемся сегодня? - В пять.
8. На каком языке он говорит? Я не понимаю ни слова.
9. Где Кэтлин ? - Она разговаривает по телефону.
10. Что ты сейчас делаешь? ~ Читаю новый журнал.
11. Кто-то стучит в дверь. Открой, пожалуйста.
12. Темнеет. Пойдем скорее домой.
13. Он сейчас усиленно изучает немецкий язык, так как он будет работать с
немецкими партнерами.
14. Кого ты ждешь? - Виктора. Мы вместе идем в театр.

EXTENSION

I. Work in pairs. Take turns and ask your partner about his / her plans for:

this week-end
next Sunday
next week
tomorrow
this evening

Find out the plans you have in common with your partner and tell the class about
them.

II. Act out the following situation.

You call your friend on the phone. He picks up the receiver and says that he is
doing something unusual at the moment. Guess what he is doing by asking yes- /
no-questions in the Present Progressive. Your partner must think of an action

19
English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

before you start the conversation and write down a sentence describing it on a card.
Take turns in asking and answering questions.

Model: Are you cooking some special meal? - No, I’m not.
Are you playing a musical instrument? - No, I’m not.
Are you painting a picture? - Yes, I am.

Ш. You are a radio commentator. You are giving a commentary to tell people what
is happening at The Day O f The City festivities. Make your commentary as detailed
as possible.

IV. What’s happening ? Give a detailed description o f a series o f pictures in the


Present Progressive.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

TH E PRESENT PER FE C T TENSE

I / you / we / they have / ’ve done (studied, worked, gone etc)


he / she / it has / ’s done (studied, worked, gone etc)
. have I / you / we / they done (studied, worked, gone etc)
* has he / she / it done (studied, worked, gone etc)
I / you / we / they have not / haven’t done (studied, worked, gone
etc ^
he / she / it has not / h asn ’t done (studied, worked, gone etc)

FO RM AND M EANING

1. Mike has bought a new CD player. He A completed action connected


is listening to it now. with the present by its result.*
I haven’t found her number yet, so I
can’t phone her.
2. Have they taken the final test this An action which is over but the
week? period of time within which it
I have been to France two times this was performed is not yet over.
year.
3. My aunt Alice has worked with An action which begins before
children all her life. We have known the moment of speaking and
each other lor several years. continues into it or up to it.
He went to Spain on holiday and has Prepositions for, since are
lived there ever since. common in such sentences.
She has phoned us only once since she
left.

* Common words and phrases used in the Present Perfect refer to "any time up to
now". They are: ever, never, often, just, already, yet, before, lately, recently, o f
late, this m orning/evening/ week/ m onth/ year, today etc.
21
English Tenses: Grammar Practice. Activities

** In American English the Past Simple can be used instead of the Present Perfect
to give news.
Eg. Did you hear the news? Jane won a lottery! (Br.E.: Jane has won a lottery!)

PRACTICE

I. Read the sentences and translate into Russian. Explain the use o f the Present
Perfect.

1. They haven’t left for the country yet. Their car is in front of their house.
2. Has he kept his promise? - Not yet. But he says he will.
3. I’ve lived in. the same house since I was bom.
4. Glad to see you, Pete. Haven’t seen you for ages!
3. Have you done ah the packing? It’s time to go.
6. Robert hasn’t had time to say good-bye to Lynn and he is very sorry about it.
7. My uncle is an experienced doctor. He has worked as a GP for many years.
8. Have you spoken to Mr. Bennet? What impression did he make on you?
9. We have never been to the British Museum before and we look forward to
visiting it.
10. Mary has just had a talk with her son. He promised not to cut classes any
more.
11. This is the only time I’ve seen such an extraordinary phenomenon.
12. The bell has gone. Let’s begin our class.
13. Nobody has entered the room since we started work.
14. Have you been to Rome? Go there if you have a chance. It’s a wonderful city.

11. Act out the following conversation and the rhyme. Pay special attention to the
use of the Present Perfect.

- Have you ever been to the US?


- Yes, I’ve been there several times.
- What about Mexico and Brazil? Have you been there, too?
- Yes, I’ve visited both countries.
- What other countries have you been to?
- I must admit, I’ve traveled a lot. I’ve been to sixteen different countries in Asia,
A frica, Europe and America.
- I can’t but envy you,

- Pussy Cat, Pussy Cat, where have you been?


- I’ve been to London to look at the Queen.
- Pussy Cat, Pussy Cat, what did you do there?
- I frightened a mouse under her chair.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

III. Write sentences in the Present Perfect indicating that the action has already
been performed.

Model: I am not learning to drive. - Tve already learnt to drive.

1. We are not having lunch.


2. Roger is not taking bis exam.
3. They are not repairing the tape-recorder.
4. She is not writing her composition.
5. They are not building a garage for their car.
6. He is not having a rest.
7. Mary is not doing the washing up.
8. Mrs. Black is not making tea.
9. David is not typing his letter.
10. Mr. Black is not painting tire door of his house.
11. I am not reading a book.
12. Mother is not cooking dinner.

IV. Write sentences indicating that the action hasn’t yet been performed.

Model: I am. going to read this letter. - 1 haven’t, read it. yet,

1. Mary is going to do the gardening.


2. Little Nelly is going to drink the milk.
3. Miss Green is going to send a fax.
4. Mrs. North is going to watch this film.
5. Tom is going to learn the poem by heart.
6. Roger is going to put a stamp on the envelope.
7. I am going to return the book to the library.
8. We are going to order this book by post.
9. Mr. Black is going to lock the door.
10. They are going to tell us an exciting story.
11. We are going to do the Christmas shopping.
12. I am going to clean the carpet.

V. Make up your own sentences with the verbs according to the model

Model 1. 1 have already seen this film. (look through / write / solve)
Model 2. We haven’t talked about, it yet. (pay / finish / send)
Model 3. He has just called you. (break / type / make)
Model 4. Have you ever thought of it? (try / climb / cook)
Model 5. She has never been to the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, (mention / use /
tell)

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English Tenses; Grammar Practice Activities

VI. Use the suitable adverbs from the box. Read the sentences aloud.

ever never yet already before just lately recently

Model: I’ve received an important fax. - I’ve just received an important fax.
Have you brought the sandwiches? - Have you brought the sandwiches
yet?

1. Sam hasn’t found a new job.


2. She isn’t hungry. She has had lunch,
3. Have you been to the Canary Islands? - Yes, several times.
4. Has he given an answer? - Yes, I’ve received his letter.
5. She has done a great deal of work.
6. I haven’t made plans for the holiday.
7. We’ve been to Paris, (negative)
8. The secretary has sent letters to all the big companies.
9. Have you been to the new office?
10. Has your brother owned a car?
11. We have discovered interesting facts.
12. Has he spoken to you like that?
13. She has translated texts from Chinese, (negative)
14. They have taken a new assistant this year.

VII. Rewrite the sentences adding tags. Remember that we use non-negative tags
after never, no, nobody, nothing, hardly, scarcely, little. In the tag we use they
to refer to nobody, somebody, everybody; we use it to refer to nothing.

Model: You have read the new play by John Lee. - You have read the new play by
John Lee, haven’t you?
She has never made an effort to help you. - She has never made an effort
to help you, has she?

1. His friends have not visited him since his arrival.


2. You’ve just come from New York.
3. Everybody has made his choice.
4. Mr. Radley hasn’t explained anything yet.
5. They have never tried to interfere in my affairs.
6. Tim has hardly noticed anything.
7. Nobody has come to meet James at the station.
8. She has been veiy lonely of late.
9. You haven’t called John lately.
10. Nothing has come out of your plan.
11. All his friends have already offered him help.
12. His parents have never liked his wife.
13. You’ve contacted Mr. Widler’s office.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

14. The kids have hardly understood what happened.

VIIL Make up sentences using the Present Perfect according to the model.

Model: That, important, problem, he, solve. - That is the most important
problem he has ever solved.

1. That, ancient, monument, they, see.


'2. This, silly, question, I, hear.
3. This, expensive, dress, she, wear.
4. This, unusual, show, we, attend.
5. It, interesting, play, he, stage.
6. That, bad, mistake, you, make.
7. This, silly, thing, he, do, in his life.
8. That, delicious, dish, I, eat.
9. This, fast, car, she, drive.
10. She, nice, person, we, know.

IX. Choose the correct tense.

1. He can’t hand in the composition today, because he (hasn’t finished / didn’t


finish) it yet.
2. I ’m phoning about your car. (Have you sold / Did you sell.) it or is it still
available?
3. Let’s go and see Phil. We last (have seen / saw) him a fortnight ago.
4. (Have you met / Did you. meet) any of our friends at the concert?
5. (Has he given! Did he give) you my message when he (has seen / saw) you?
6. (Have you met / Did you meet) before? Sheila, this is Alex.
7. (Have you seen / Did you see) any good shows recently?
8. I ’m sorry I (haven’t attended / didn’t attend) classes last week. I (have
stayed / stayed) in bed with flu.
9. My ear aches badly. So I (have made / made) an appointment with the
doctor for next Thursday.
10. I t’s nice to be back in Prague. This is the third time I (have come / came) here.
11. What a day! 1 (’ve lost / lost) my English notebook and I (’ve quarreled /
quarreled) with my class-mate.
12. When (have they got. / did they get) married?
13. I (’ve often wondered / often wondered) how she manages to keep that great
house alone.
14. How many times (have you been / were you) abroad?

X. Choose a verb from the box and put it in the Present Perfect or the Past Simple.
Pay attention to the difference in meaning between:

Chris has taught Spanish in Cuba for three years. (He still teaches there.)

25
___ ________ English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

Chris taught Spanish in Cuba for three years. (He no longer teaches there.)

| put agree continue be disappear move ring j


[ shew _ break_ solve _ write _ sta y ___ work appear wear j

1. Experiments have shown that swimming can help patients overcome this
illness.
2. A squirrel______ in my garden one day last week.
3. Oh no! My ca r______ !
4. Five years ago h e ______ his last great work.
5. There’s not much more to do, now that w e______ the main problem.
6. In the summer of 2000 M ik e______ dividing his time between business and
sport.
7. When she was 17, her parents______ to Paris.
8. At my sister’s wedding I ______ a long blue dress.
9. T his_____ his home for over thirty years. He no longer lives here.
i(). W e______ with Richard and Nora last weekend. It was great!
11. My colleague______ in Los Angeles for two years and is still working there
12. Phone for an ambulance. I think M ax______ his leg.
13. W hen______ y o u _____ _ the ad in the newspaper?
14. The doorbell ju s t______ Go and unlock the door, will you?
15. I thought it was a good idea, but s h e ______ n o t_____ .

XL Write special questions to the following sentences. Begin with the words in
parentheses.

Model: According to yesterday’s newspapers, astronomers have discovered a new


planet. (What?) - What have astronomers discovered?

1. Quite a few people have already asked about the conference. (Who?)
2. My schoolmate has enjoyed skiing since she lived, in Switzerland. (Since what
time?)
3. We have received over a hundred letters of support recently. (How many?)
4. They have already spent $300 on food this month. (How much?)
5. You know, Bill has watched all TV shows with this TV host. (What?)
6. Unfortunately, I have never met anybody really famous. (Whom?)
7. We’ve had the dishwasher for three years. (How long?)
8. Granny has felt unwell of late. (When?)
9. My cousin has made great changes in her life recently. (What?)
10. Bill and Maggy have quarreled again. (Who?)
11. I’ve recorded Professor Johnson’s lecture. (What?)
12. We have met Sally in the park today. (Where?)
13. Ken has worked with me for two years. (How long?)
14. Mark has changed jobs three, times this year. (When?)

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

XII. Choose the correct time expression.

1. 1 can’t remember (how long / when) I’ve had this computer.


2. I used to know the Bennets, but I haven’t met them (for / since) years,
3. My brother was an officer in the army (recently/ for a few years). He had to
give it up for health reasons.
4. Have you eaten Japanese food (before / already)?
5. I haven’t spoken to Lynn (for / since) a long time. How is she?
6. I lived here (at: / since) the end of last year and enjoyed my stay very much.
7. Helen hasn’t been in the Alps (since / when) we went there together.
8. It’s a long time (ago / since) I saw a really interesting film.
9. Actually I’ve had dinner (today / two hours ago). I’m not hungry, thank you.
10. I’ve written to my German pen pals (lately / last week) and look forward to
hearing from them.

ХШ. Translate into English using the Present Perfect, or the Past Simple.

1. Я могу помочь тебе приготовить обед. Я вижу, ты пригласила много


гостей.
2. Когда я был моложе, я играл в хоккей. Много времени прошло с тех пор.
3. Питер нашел это письмо в саду. Это вы обронили ею?
4. Они были в Японии два раза. Им там очень понравилось.
5. Мы знаем эту семью всю жизнь и всегда восхищались ими.
6. Джейн ушла несколько минут тому назад. Я не знаю, куда она ушла.
7. Когда вы приехали в Россию? Заметили ли вы какие-нибудь перемены с
вашего прошлого визита?
8. С ней происходит такое в первый раз. По крайней мере, она никогда не
теряла ключей.
9. Концерт еще не начался. Давайте сходим в кафе.
10. Кейт так изменилась с тех пор, как я видел ее в последний раз. Она
стала совсем взрослой, не правда ли?
11. Роберт принес свой старый альбом с марками. Давай посмотрим,
хорошо?
12. Рад видеть тебя. Где ты был все это время? Не видел тебя целую
вечность.
13. Я никогда не была в Большом Театре и мечтаю сходить туда.
14. Сейчас 12 часов. Делегация находится здесь уже два часа. Они
обсуждают очень важный вопрос.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

EXTENSIO N

I. Review the rules o f using the Present Perfect and make up sentences o f your
own, Say

a) what changes have recently taken place


in your family
at the university
in your home town
in the country
in the world

b) what places you have visited 'lately;

c) what, cities and towns you have been to;

d) what things you have never done.

II. Following the model and taking turns discuss with your fellow student his / her
past experience.

Model: - Have you ever taken part in a competition?


-• Yes, I have. When i studied at school, I took part in a tennis competition.
I won the second place.

1. to work as an interpreter
2. to sing in a choir
3. to take part in a performance
4. to write a poem or a story
5. to paint a picture
6. to knit a sweater
7. to repair something with your own hands
8. to create a new recipe

HI. Ask your group-mates one o f the following questions. (Each student in the
group chooses one question to ask.) Write dovm the answers briefly and sum up
your findings to the class.

1. What cities have you been to?


2. Have you ever borrowed money? Where?
3. Have you owned anything valuable in your life? What?
4. Have you done anything that you regret very much? What?
5. Have you ever told a lie?
6. Has anyone deceived you / told you a lie?

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________ _____English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

7. What art, sport or job have you already tried?


8. What food have you ever tasted or cooked that you liked very much?
9. What good resolutions have you made this year?
10. What interesting films / shows have you seen recently?
11. Have you ever performed on the stage?
12. What unusual gifts have you received?

IV. Speak on the following situations using the cues.


i

1. You've been a member of a sport club at your college for some time. Sum up
your sport achievements.
(train regularly, take part in competitions, win a prize etc)

2. You’ve started teaching your younger sister / brother English. Sum up her / his
progress.
(learn the alphabet, play games, memorize rhymes, draw pictures, make good
progress etc)

3,. It is Saturday evening. Your mother is very tired. Sum up what she has done
about the house.
(do the rooms, make meals, wash the linen, clean the refrigerator, go shopping
etc)

V. Role-play the following situation. You ’ve had a really bad- day today. Tell your
partner what has gone wrong. Use the cues.

What a terrible day!


I’ve had a very bad day today.
What: else can go wrong?
Things haven’t gone very well today.

Model: - What’s up, Helen? You look so miserable.


- No wonder! I’ve had one of those days today when everything goes
wrong.
- Really? What happened?
- I’ve lost my purse and besides I’ve quite forgotten about an important
date.
- Cheer up! It can happen to anybody.

Now role-play the situation A Lucky Day.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

TH E PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE TENSE

I / you / we / they have /’ve been doing (working, studying, going etc)
+
he / she / it has / ’s been doing (working, studying, going etc)
? have I / you / we / they been doing (working, studying, going etc)
has he / she / it been doing (working, studying, going etc)
I / you / we / they have not / haven’t been doing (working, studying,
going etc)
-
he / she / it h a s not / hasn’t been doing (working, studying,
going etc)

FORM AND M EANING

I have been sitting here since 9 o’clock. Actions in progress which begin in the
He has been writing the article for four past and continue into the present or up
hours. to the present, usually used with since,
It has been raining all day. for, all the time.
He is tired. He has been making Actions which were in progress not long
experiments. ago and which explain or give reasons
Oh, them you are. I’ve been looking for you. for the present state of things.

PRACTICE

I. Read the sentences and translate them into Russian. Explain the use o f the
Present Perfect Progressive.

1. Jane is learning a poem. She has been learning it for an hour, but she can’t
memorize it.
2. Here you are at last. I’ve been trying to contact you all day!
3. it’s 2 o’clock. The boys have been playing football since 10. They must be
very tired.
4. What have you been discussing there so long?
5. Alex has been talking on the phone for half an hour. I hope he will hang up
soon.
6. Are you crying? What’s the matter? - Oh, I’m fine. I’ve just been cutting up
onions.
7. It has been snowing since the morning and now the street looks very beautiful.
8. I think there is nothing suspicious about this man. Have you been reading
detective stories again?
9. My sister is a third-year student. She has been studying English for over two
years.
10. She’s been feeling better since she consulted a psychoanalyst.
11. What have you been doing since I saw you last?

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

12. They have been experimenting with this machine since September and have
got very good results.
13. Your clothes are all covered with paint. - No wonder, I’ve been painting the
wall.
14. How long have you been waiting? - For an hour or so.

II. Act out the following conversations. Pay special attention to the use o f the
Present Perfect Progressive.

- Morning, Dad!
- Morning, dear! Did you wake up early today?
- Yes. I’ve been up since seven. Г ve been jogging in the park.
- Good. I’m just going to have breakfast. Would you like to join me?
- Willingly. I’m hungry as a wolf.

- Hi, Phillip. What are you doing?


- Fm repairing my bike.
- It looks like it needs a lot of work. Have you been repairing it long?
Yes, I have been working at it for more than two hours, but I have only fixed the
pedals and the wheels.
- I could help you if you like.
- Thanks, it would be great.

- You look tired, Jill.


- I am tired indeed.
- You’ve been working too much lately. You should give yourself a break.
- But how can I? My boss has been giving me more tasks than usual since we
started the new project.
- You should talk to him. You’ll work more effectively after having a rest.

III. Say that the person / persons named in parentheses has / have been doing
something different. Make two sentences each time.

Model: Mary’s been playing the piano for the last 30 minutes. (Aim)
- Ann hasn’t been playing the piano. She has been reading.

1. Roger and Henry have been studying for their exam since Friday. (Victor and
Julia)
2. Mother has been cleaning the rooms since early in the morning. (Liz)
3. John has been watching TV all day. (His younger sister)
4. My parents have been traveling in Europe since May. (My grandparents)
5. Mike and David have been arguing for an hour already. (Rick and Bill)
6. Mr. West has been playing golf a lot lately. (Mr. Smith)
7. Miss Green has been typing letters since morning. (Miss Brown)

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English lenses: Grammar Practice Activities

8. Andy has been working very hard all this time (Jim)
9. They have already been skiing for an hour. (Their friends)
10. Jake has been listening to rock music since he came home from college.
(Willy)
11. The boys have been planting trees in the yard. (The girls)
12. Helen has been sleeping all the afternoon. (Her brother)

/V. Write special questions to the following sentences. Begin with the words in
parentheses.

Model: George has been waiting for them for two hours. (How long?) - How long
has George been waiting for them?

1. Mr. Grey has been studying this problem for three months. (What?)
2. Mr, Flynn has been traveling across Spain on a bicycle. (How?)
3. Martha has been working as a doctor since she graduated from a medical
college. (Since what time?)
4. My aunt has been feeling unwell for two weeks. (Who?)
5. Professor West has been teaching at the University since 2000. (Where?)
6. It has been snowing for three hours. (How long?)
7. Roger and Alice have been climbing mountains for five years. (What?)
8. You have been doing the cooking since morning. (Who?)
9. We have been discussing the results of the work in the main office. (Where?)
10. John has been repairing his grandmother’s cuckoo clock for a week. (Whose?)
11. They have been hiking in the bike District for the last three days. (How long?)
12. I’ve been waiting to talk to you for ages. (What...for?)
13. Lynn has been trying to contact 'Fed since she received that letter. (Whom?)
14. The girl has been crying for an hour already. (How long?)

V. Change the sentences into disjunctive questions according to the model, Ask a
fellow student to reply adding a sentence or two to develop the situation.

Model: Jane has been learning Spanish for two years.


~ Jane has been learning Spanish for two years, hasn’t she?
- Oh yes, she has. She is very good at it.

1. They have been staying in the country for nearly a month.


2. My nephew has been doing a very difficult sum for an hour.
3. Our husbands have been fishing since early morning.
4. Jack and Helen haven’t been talking to each other since last Friday.
5. The boys have been jogging for a couple of hours.
6. Benny has been watching cartoons for quite a long time.
7. The girls have been trying on the new dresses for more than half an hour.
8. The students have been writing the test for nearly two hours.

32
English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

9. Bob hasn’t been sleeping well lately.


10. Amy and Clark have been quarreling all the morning.
11. Ken’s brother has been helping him with his lessons again.
12. Helen has been playing tennis professionally for five years.

V i Complete the sentences. Put the verbs in parentheses in the Present Perfect or
Present Perfect Progressive. Pay attention to the difference in meaning between:
I’ve been reading your book. = I’m still reading it.
I’ve read your book. = I’ve finished it.

1. I’m glad you (come). We (wait) for hours.


2. He (write) his homework all evening. He didn’t know it would take so long.
3. Carol (not be) at work quite a while. She (take care of) her husband after a
serious operation.
4. I (think) about, what you said and I (decide) to take your advice.
5. How long you (sell) computers and how many you (sell)?
6. They meet in the same cafe every evening. They (go) there for years.
7. I (fix) your watch. Here it is.
8. Dave (stay) in London for two weeks. He (see) many sights.
9. Barbara (win) the European tennis championship this year. I wonder how long
she (play) tennis.
10. Your clothes are so dirty. What you (do)?
11. Their children (grow up) and will soon move to another city as they (enter)
the University.
12. I (look) forward to meeting you since 1 saw you at the concert.
13. We (walk) for hours. Let’s have a rest.
14. Angela, you (read) my letters, don’t deny it.

VII. Put the beginnings and ends together.

1. Dr. Nixon has given a. a very interesting lecture.


Dr. Nixon has been giving b. the same lecture to students for the
last ten years.
2. The situation has got a. worse over the last decade.
The situation has been getting b. far worse.
3. He has played for the national team a. in 20 matches so far.
He has been playing for the national b. since last spring and has scored
team quite a number of goals.
4. I have visited Geneva a. since 2001 and have always
I have been visiting Geneva admired the city.
b. three or four times before.
5. We’ve stayed a. at a luxurious hotel near the sea.
We’ve been .staying b. at this hotel a couple of times
before.

33
English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

6. An important paper has disappeared a. since a new clerk started working in


Important papers have been our office.
disappearing b. from our office.

VIII. Write a sentence with since or fo r describing the situation.

Model: Jake runs a small business. He started doing it five years ago. - Jake has
been, running a small business for five years.
Andy lives in Dublin. He moved there last year. ~ Andy has been living in
Dublin since last year.

L Bob drives a Mercedes. He bought it five years ago.


2. Jan is staying at a hotel. He came to stay here in autumn.
3. Sam is learning Turkish. He started four years ago.
4. I am wearing glasses. My optician prescribed them to me last year.
5. We are having a very dull time. We came to stay here in October.
6. He is walking in the rain. He went out more than two hours ago.
7. Jean is taking music lessons. She had her first lesson four months ago.
8. The company is advertising the new product. They began advertising it in May.
9. The scientists are still experimenting with this medicine. They started
experiments last winter.
10. The sportsmen are training at the stadium. They came there in the morning.
11. It’s snowing heavily. It started snowing on Tuesday.

IX. Think o f what might have caused the following situations. Ask questions using
the verbs from the box.

walk run paint sing rain overwork repair


play____s i t ______climb _ smoke _ argue____ train______

Model: Your eyes are red. - Your eyes are red. Have you been crying?

1. You are out of breath.


2. His clothes are dirty.
3. You look tired.
4. Helen is quite voiceless.
5. The streets are wet.
6. The air in the room is hazy.
7. Ron’s pants are tom.
8. Your hands are cold.
9. I see your feet hurt you.
10. Laura has Ieamt to swim rather well.
11. The kids are so excited.
12. You both look very angry.

34
English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

X. Translate into English using the Present Perfect Progressive, the Present
Perfect or the Present Progressive.

1. Я изучаю французский уже пять лет, но я впервые посетил Францию


только в этом году.
2. Мой отец преподает математику уже 20 лет. Сейчас он работает в
математическом лицее.
13. Где ты был? Ты играл в теннис все это время?
4. Я знаю, что ваш друг - писатель. Он написал более десяти романов, не
так ли?
5. Мой брат коллекционирует старинные монеты. -- Давно он их
коллекционирует? Сколько монет в его коллекции?
6. Привет, Джо! Не видел тебя целую вечность. Где ты пропадал все это
время?
7. Они работают над этой пьесой три месяца, и у них уже готовы костюмы
и декорации.
8. Извинйте, пожалуйста! Вы меня давно ждете?
9. Я рад сообщить вам, что команда играет очень хорошо весь сезон.
10. Я давно хочу обсудить с вами этот вопрос.
11. Более двух лет я пытаюсь найти этого человека.
12. Какая прекрасная машина! Как давно она у вас?
13. Они живут в соседней квартире вот уже четыре года, и мы часто
видимся с ними.
14. Спасибо вам за чудесный музыкальный центр, Я давно о таком мечтал.
15. Я живу здесь с детства, но я никогда не посещал этот удивительный
музей.

XL Make any corrections if necessary.

1. The phone has been ringing. Can you answer it?


2. Over the last three months Bob is learning to play the guitar.
3. Bullfighting has been popular in Spain for centuries.
4. I have always been finding it difficult to get up on winter mornings.
5. She’s been living in St. Petersburg ever since her family moved there.
6. I’m receiving the magazine for some time and enjoy reading it.
7. Don’t disturb her. She has been reading for her exams.
8. They are discussing the problem, for several days.
9. It’s snowing heavily all night. There will be traffic jams on the road.
10. How many times have you phoned Jack?
11. Those two guys have been walking up and down the street for hours.
12. How long have you learned playing the guitar?
13. I’ve been meeting a lot of friends recently.

35
English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

EXTENSION

I. Name three actions you, your friend(s) or relative(s) have/has been performing
recently using since or fo r.

Model: My sister has been training for secretarial work since September and has
done lots of things. She has been, working very hard and has learnt how to
use a computer.

II. Work in pairs. In turn ask each other questions about your hobbies, sports and
favorite pastime. Use the Present Perfect Continuous and the. Present Perfect.
Write down the most interesting answers and gel ready to sum up your findings to
the class.

Suggested questions:

Have you ever had a hobby?


How long have you been doing / collecting / playing it?
Why do you like it?

III. Role-play the following situation.

The teacher comes into the classroom and sees that the room is in a mess. The
teacher wonders what has been going on. Interrupting each other the children begin
telling the teacher what has been wrong.

Use the following cues:

fight tease
chew gum shout loudly
try to calm somebody down break
do tricks eat somebody’s lunch
quarrel with a desk-mate make faces
try to concentrate on something call somebody names

IV. Go on with the conversation using your imagination. Add 5-6 guesses.

- I’ve just had a dream, you know.


- Oh, what have you been dreaming about?
- Try and guess. I’ve been doing something out of the ordinary in. my dream.
- Have you been, flying to Mars?
- Oh no...
- Have you been ... ?

36
English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

PAST TENSES

THE PAST SIM PLE TENSE

+ I / you / he / she / it / we / they worked (studied, went, saw etc)


0 did 1 / you / he / she / it / we / they work (study, go, see etc)?
I / you. / he / she / it / we / they did not / d idn’t w ork (study, go, see
etc)

FORM AND M EANING

""1. We met her six months ago. 1 felt One-time or permanent actions and
homesick when I studied abroad. situations in the past.
They had a lovely house in the
country.
2. Miss Gregson stayed with us the Actions which went on for some time
whole evening. and finished in the past.
She lived in France for many years.
3. Ray found the switch, turned on the A succession of past actions.
light and settled down to read.
The dog ran up to me and cheerfully
wagged its tail.
4. You often, mentioned her in your Repeated or habitual actions in the
letters. past.
After dinner the family usually
gathered in the drawing-room.
5. He didn’t w ant to go away. Past actions in progress expressed by
We thought the story was amusing. non-progressive verbs.

PRACTICE

I. Read the sentences and translate them into Russian. Explain the use o f the Past
Simple.

1. What a beautiful photo! You were a cute baby,


2. When I was at. school, I wanted to be a doctor.
3. I’ve had a terrible day. I was late for work, my secretary went home sick and
we lost three major contracts.
4. Who gave you permission to do that?
5. I usually get up at 7, but yesterday I didn’t hear the alarm-clock and got up at
7.30.
6. Of course, I remember George. We often met at Rachel’s parties last year.

37
English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

7. When my grandmother lived in Germany, she worked as a teacher for two


years.
8. We all liked the old man. He always smiled at. children and gave them sweets.
9. Hallo, John! You left a note that you wanted to see me.
10. My uncle traveled a lot and he told us wonderful stories about his trips.

11. Act out the following con versations. Pay special attention to the use o f the Past
Simple.

- Did you have a nice holiday, Rita?


- Yes, it was great, thanks.
- Where did you go?
- I went to Rome with a friend. We had a lot of fun.
- Was the weather good?
- Oh yes, it was warm and sunny. We enjoyed our stay very much.

- I’m tired this morning.


- Did you go to bed late?
- No, not really, but I didn’t sleep very well.
- Why? What happened?
- I had a bad headache. I took an aspirin, but it didn’t help.
- Poor thing! You should consult a doctor.

-■ Did you like school, John?


- School? 1 hated it.
- Are you kidding? I enjoyed going to school, though we had lots of classes every
day and I had to work hard.
- I bet you were a brilliant student, Terry. As for me, I didn’t like my classes and,
besides, I didn’t have many friends.
~ I am sony. Well, don’t you have any good memories of school?
- Just one, I guess. I played in the school basketball team. That was fun. We even
won several championships.

III. Write questions in the Past Simple using the words in parentheses in the
correct order and adding the necessary form o f the verb to be.

+ 9
а

1 / he / she / it was was I / he / she / it I / he / she / it was not


you / we / they were were you / we l they you / we / they were not

Contracted forms:
I / h e / sh e/ it w asn’t
you / we / they w eren’t

38
English Tenses; Grammar Practice Activities

Model: (late / you / this morning / why?).


Why were you late this morning? - There was a traffic jam. on the road.

1. (difficult / your exam?)


_______________ __________________ - No, not at all.
2. (last week / where / Ann and Chris?)
___________________________________ - On holiday in Miami.
3. (you wanted to buy / the camera / how
much?)
__________________ - Sixty pounds.
4. (angry / you /yesterday /why?)
___________________________________ - Because Jake was late again.
5. (nice / the weather / last week?)
___________________________________ - Oh, it. was beautiful.
6. (not / last .Monday /Dr. Jones / at the
conference / in Oxford?)
_________________________________ - No, unfortunately, he couldn’t
go.
7. (to India / your first visit / it?)
_____ ____________________________ - Yes, and I liked it so much that I
hope to go there again next year.
8. (you / why / against my plan?)
_________________________________ - 1 found it too complicated.
9. (after that walking tour / tired / you?)
_________________________________ - Tired? I was exhausted.
10. (many mistakes / there / in my last test,
Mrs. Bates?)
______ ___________________________ - Well, not too many. But I still
think you can do better than this,
Mike.

IV Read the sentences in the Past Simple making all the necessary changes.
Remember that we pronounce the ending -ed o f regular versb as follows:

iti Id] fi-d]


after voiceless consonants after vowels and voiced after the sounds [t], [d]
consonants
liked, missed, laughed snowed, changed, smiled invited, ended

Model: My friend works for General Motors now. (last year) - My friend worked
for General Motors last year.
39
English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

1. My mother bakes a delicious cake every Saturday, (last Saturday)


2. The film ends on a hopeful note.
3. The teams change sides at half time.
4. The police ask the witnesses a lot of questions, as they want to get as much
information about the crime as possible.
5. Who waters the flowers? (last week)
6. We stay at home on Sundays, (last Sunday) We prefer to have a quiet
weekend.
7. When we arrive at the airport, we check in and board the plane.
8. We often visit Aunt Jane, (last year)
9. My sister plants a lot of flowers in front of her house, (last spring)
10. Who paints the floors pink?
11. When the water boils, I add some salt and spices.
12. The maid cooks dinner, wash.es up and cleans the house.
13. As a rule, we start early in the morning and return home before sunset.
14. What surprises you so much?
15. That strange neighbor of ours always looks sad and never smiles.

V. Use the Past Simple instead o f the infinitives in parentheses. Observe the
following spelling rules:

for verbs ending in


a short stressed a short vowel (stressed a stressed vowel a consonant
vowel or unstressed) H" Г +У
+ a consonant +1

double the double the final 1and double the final r change у into i
consonant and add -ed in Br.E.; 1is not and add -ed and add -ed
add -ed doubled In Am.E if it is
preceded by a short
unstressed vowel
'stopped, travelled (Br.E.), pre'ferred, study — studied,
reg’retted 'traveled (Am.E.) re'ferred try- tried

1. S h e______ out for help, but nobody could hear her, (cry)
2. My grandfather was a great stay-at-home person. H e ______ not to go out, if
he could, help it. (prefer)
3. What happened to your boots, Mat? They are all wet. - Sony, Mom. I ______
in a puddle, (step)
4. I don’t think Sue loved her husband. S he______ money, (marry)
5. Our fam ily______ by car last summer, (travel) It wasn’t comfortable at all,
and we were too tired to enjoy the trip.

40
English Tenses: Gratmnar Practice Activities

6. The play was a success, the audience______ enthusiastically at the end of the
performance, (clap)
7. Do you recognize any of these men, sir? Yes, that one, on the right. He
__ ___me of my watch, (rob)
8. The guests began to leave, and the room _____ _ very quickly, (empty)
9. You say John, wanted to be a doctor and even ______ medicine? (study) -
Yes, but he was too lazy. H e ______ out of college after two years, (drop)
10. When I ______ the dress on, i t _______me like a glove and I couldn't help
* buying it. (try, fit)
11. Don’t you know that there is a film festival in Moscow? All newspapers
articles about the opening ceremony, (carry)
12. Cathy______ to look like her elder sister, (want)
13. My speech was a success. I to my notes several times, but they say it
didn’t spoil the impression, (refer)
14. I ______ that this exam might be too difficult for my students, but they all did
very w ell (worry) -- Congratulations!

VI. Disagree with the following statements. Make two sentences each time using
the words in parentheses.

Model: Mary got a gold chain for her birthday. (I am afraid, you are mistaken...) -
I am afraid, you are mistaken, she didn’t get a gold chain. She got a gold
bracelet.

1. I hear your parents went to Portugal last summer. (Oh no,..)


2. Kate says Julia was wearing a yellow dress at Tom’s party. (Well, as far as I
know...)
3. Can you believe it? Jake won a million dollars in a lottery. (I know for sure
that...)
4. You know, the Newmans took their children to Disneyland last month. (Not
exactly.... Disney World)
3. Are you going to have your English today again? But you had it only
yesterday. (You’ve mixed it up...)
6. I remember that the postman brought not one but two letters. Where is the
other one? (Oh no, Granny...)
7. I hear Mr. Thom bought a new car a few days ago. (In fact...)
8. I can’t find my glasses. I put them, on the shelf just now. (I’m sure...)
9. What’s the matter? My mother says you called me a dozen times yesterday.
(Weil, your mother is exaggerating...)
10. I remember Mr. and Mrs. Grant very well. They kept a small shop here a few
years ago. (Actually.... a small hotel)
11. Your sister says you learnt several foreign languages last year. (She is
boasting...)

41
English. Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

12. What a horrible accident! Poor Frank broke both arms. (As far as I know, it
wasn’t that serious...)
13. Don’t you remember the boss told you to come here at 5? (I’m sure...)
14. They say the fire burnt all the houses in the neighborhood. (In feet... just a
few)

VII. Write, special questions to the following sentences. Begin with the words in
parentheses.

Model: He called when you were at the University. (When?) - When did he call?

1. They went to see their grandparents last week. (Whom?)


2. We didn’t go to the mountains at the weekend because of the foul weather.
(Why?)
3. Mr. White met us at the station. (Who?)
4. The man wanted to know Harry’s address. (What?)
5. They planted some maple trees around the school building. (What kind?)
6. We moved here a few months ago. (When?)
7. Our friends spent their holiday in Bulgaria. (Where?)
8. My son reads a lot. He read five books last month. (How many?)
9. Helen bought Christie a bottle of perfume for her birthday. (What?)
10. Rick painted his mother’s portrait for the exhibition. (Whose?)
11. She stayed with her friends when she was in Germany. (Where?)
12. I had a swim in the sea almost every day last summer. (How often?)
13. He learnt to read and write all by himself, nobody taught him. (How?)
14. We stayed only two days in Moscow and then went to St. Petersburg. (How
long?)

VIII. Review the rules o f using the Present Perfect and Past Simple. Open the
parentheses choosing the correct tense form.

1. How long (know) Dave? ~ I (know) him for five years. - Where you (meet)
first? ~ At the conference.
2. Jennifer (come) yet? - No, but she (call) a few minutes ago. - What she (say)?
3. You (see) Luke lately? - Yes, I (see) him several times this week. - When you
(see) him last? - On Thursday, if I am not mistaken.
4. Peter just (offer) me a new job! He (say) I was just the person he needed.
5. You (read) Stephen King’s last book? - No, I don’t read much now. But when I
(be) at school I (read) a lot of his books.
6. Is that you in the picture, Jane? I (not know) you (do) snowboarding,
7. We (visit) Australia last month. - Really? I always (want) to go to Australia,
but I never (have) a chance.
8. My elder daughter Maria (leave) school last year, but she (not enter) any
college yet. - You (speak) to her about her plans for the future?

42
English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

9. You (be) to the Crimea? - No. We (want) to go there last summer, but my son
(fall) ill and we (stay) at home.
10. You already (make) all the preparations for your trip? - Oh yes, long ago. First
I (book) the tickets, then Г (make) all the arrangements about the apartment and,
finally, 1 (pack) my things.
11. Nice picture! Where you (take) it? I never (see) such a beautiful place.

IX. Translate into English using the Past Simple.


i

1. Мои родители в прошлом году переехали в другой район города.


2. Все выглядели расстроенными и не знали, что сказать.
3. Старик всегда носил странную (strange-looking) шляпу и курил сигары..
4. Когда мы учились в школе, Тед никогда не приходил вовремя, он всегда
опаздывал.
5. Я постучала в дверь, но никто не ответил. Очевидно, дома никого не
было.
6. Куда ушел Билл? Он оставил записку?
7. Хорошо мы вчера провели время (to have a good time), правда? - Да, это
был прекрасный вечер.
8. Вчера вы. не ответили на мой вопрос. Вы готовы ответить сейчас?
9. Мои очки! Где ты их нашел? - Вы положили их на окно.
10. Где человек, который был. здесь минуту назад? На нем была синяя куртка
и джинсы (to have on).
11. Майк ничего не брал с твоего стола. Он вошел, положил какие-то бумаги
на стол и вышел.
12. Роберт писал мне каждую неделю, но я не хотела отвечать на его письма.
Сейчас я сожалею об этом.
13. Как вы провели прошлые выходные? Ездили куда-нибудь? - Да, мы
посетили аквапарк.
14. Кто подарил тебе эти бусы? - Мой брат привез их мне из Индии в
прошлом году.

EXTENSIO N

I. Ask your partner questions about his last trip (it can be an imagined trip). Speak
about your partner’s trip in class. The following hints may be helpful

Where / go? What / do in the evenings? (during the day?)


How / get there? Meet any interesting people?
Who / go with? What / do in bad weather?
Stay in a hotel? The food / good?
How long / stay there? The excursions / interesting?
The hotel / good? Be satisfied?
The weather / fine?

43
English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

II. Think o f situations in the past when you were

scared courageous
lucky unlucky
worried calm
happy unhappy
exhausted full of energy

Choose one o f the situations and tell your classmates a story about it. Remember
the surroundings, the time, the people engaged etc.

III. Split into two teams, Each team chooses a famous person in history. The rival
team try to guess who he / she wcs by asking 15 general questions in the Past
Simple about the personality. I f they fa il to guess, they can ask three special
questions. The teams get I point off fo r each grammar mistake and 10 points o ff if
they fail to guess the person after asking all the questions.

IV. a) The following jumbled sentences make up a story. Put them in the right
order using the correct forms o f verbs in each sentence. (The task can be done in
groups: the group, who is the first to complete the task and whose story is
grammatically and logically correct, is the winner.)

1. But soon a loud noise (wake) him up and to his horror Androcius (see) a big
lion coming into die cave.
2. The People in the audience (be) surprised, and when Androcius (tell) them the
whole story, they all (beg) the slave’s master to give them both freedom.
3. In Ancient Rome there (live) a poor slave called Androcius.
4. They (become) good friends and (live) in the cave for a long time.
5. One day he (find) a cave, (lie) on the ground and (fall) asleep.
6. He (have) a very bad master and one day Androcius (run) away.
7. The next moment Androcius (understand) that there (be) something wrong with
the lion’s foot - it (not move).
8. The slave (raise) the lion’s paw, (see) a big thorn in it and (pull) it out.
9. But one day Androcius (be) caught and taken to his master.
10. So, the two friends (get) their freedom and (live) happily together for many
years to come.
11. When the master’s servants (bring) Androcius to the arena and let out the lion,
the slave (give out) a cry of joy as he (recognize) his old friend.
12. For many days he (hide) in the forest without any food.
13. The lion (jump) at Androcius and (begin) to lick his face and hands.
14. To punish the slave the master (make) him fight a hungry lion.

44
English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

b) Create a similar task for your fellow students. Make up a 10-1.5 sentence story,
jumble the sentences and let your groupmates put them in the correct order, using
the verbs in the Past Simple.

V. Work in groups o f three or four. In each group ask each other questions to help
you to remember different life experiences:

A competition in which you participated


'A restaurant where you ate out not long ago
An unusual celebration or party you attended
An unusual gift that you gave or received
An eventful bus, train or airplane journey
A historic site or famous place you have seen

VI. What happened? Give a detailed description o f a series o f pictures in the Past
Simple.

Model: On Saturday morning the Browns decided to go to the country.

45
English lenses: Grammar Practice Activities

'y у/л vVW ^ \' \ i A* 1 f ^

TH E PAST PROGRESSIVE TENSE

1/ he /sh e / it was , 4
+ , . . looking (listening, dancing etc)
we / you / they were °
was 17 he /sh e /it , .. n. . . , . . V1
* , , . looking (listening, dancing etc)?
were we / you / they
1 /he/she/it was not / wasn’t , ,. n. . . , . , 4
- , , ,, , . looking (listening, dancing etc)
we / you / they were not / w eren’t

FORM AND M EANING

1. At 10 o’clock the students were Continuous actions in progress at a


writing a test. certain moment in the past.
When you called me 1 was watching a
funny show on TV.
2. It was raining the whole day yesterday. Continuous actions in progress at a
We were playing tennis from 4 to 6 last certain period of time in the past.
Sunday.
3. Ted was constantly interfering in myIn emotional speech it denotes
business relations. actions characteristic of a certain
Sally was always making jokes about person in the past. In such sentences
her brother. adverbs always and constantly are
often used.
4. Peggy was wearing a beautiful blue Descriptions of temporary past
dress that night. situations.
It was a wonderful day. The sun was
shining brightly and the birds were
singing in the trees.

PRACTICE

/. Read the sentences and translate them into Russian. Explain the use o f the Past
Progressive.

1. I remember that Liz was always fussing about things of no importance.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

2. While we were walking home, we were speaking about the party at Jason’s.
3. At 8 o’clock I was jogging in the park as usual.
4. They entered the hail. Most of the guests were dancing, some were drinking
champagne, and the others were talking with the host,
5. When the parents returned home, the children were playing in the yard.
6. Bob was feeling fine in the morning but now he looks very pale.
7. My father was repairing the car all day long yesterday.
8. The boy couldn’t speak. His lips were trembling.
9. While the children were listening to the recording, the teacher wrote down a
few new words on the board.
10. What were you doing from 2 to 4 p.m. yesterday?

II. Act out the following conversations. Pay special attention to the use o f the Past
Progressive.

- You know, when I was walking in the street yesterday, I looked into the
window of a very expensive clothes shop and saw Jane there.
- Was she buying something?
- I think so. At least she was trying on a beautiful white dress.
- You don’t say so! She told me she was not going to accept Tom’s proposal.
- Maybe she has thought better of it.

- Did you enjoy yesterday’s party?


- To tell you the truth, I felt ill at ease there,
- Why? I thought you knew most of the guests.
- Yes, but they were mostly speaking about politics or gossiping about other
people, and I 'm not interested in either of the subjects.

HI. Imagine that you had a very busy day yesterday. Write sentences saying what
you were doing at the indicated time.

Model: At 7.15 I was doing morning exercises.

7.15
8.20
9.55
12.30
16.00
18.15
19.45
22.00

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

IV. Make up 5-6 sentences describing what different people were doing in the
following situations:

a) A group of friends (Mary, Betty, Sue, Jack, Brian and Chris) were preparing for
the New Year’s party at Mary’s house.
b) There were a lot of people on the beach on a hot summer day when you went
there.
c) When the teacher came into the classroom, she saw that the children were not
doing the task she had given them.

V. Write special questions to the following sentences. Begin your questions with
the word(s) in parentheses.

Model: We were going to the mall when we saw Jane. (Where?) - Where were you
going when you saw Jane?

1. Five beautiful swans were swimming in the pond. (How many?)


2. My parents were having dinner when the telephone rang. (Who?)
3. I was working in the library all the afternoon yesterday. (When?)
4. Betty was constantly chattering in the cinema. (Where?)
5. That night Bill was wearing an elegant grey suit. (What kind?)
6. The children were playing hide-and-seek in the garden. (What?)
7. I saw that the girl was writing something in her notebook very quickly.
(How?)
8. When we were traveling in the mountains, a terrible thunderstorm broke out.
(Where?)
9. The secretary was typing some papers when I entered the office. (When?)
10. Sam was laughing wildly at the little monkey’s tricks. (W hat.. .at?)
11. The boys were running home all the way back from the river in the rain.
(Who?)
12. My brother was walking around the room and talking enthusiastically about
his plan. (What...doing?)
13. Ann was training hard for a whole year before the competition. (How long?)
14. That night we were having dinner in a beautifully decorated room.
(Where...?)

VI. Make up a compound sentence from the two sentences saying that one
action was interrupted by, or performed in the process o f another action.

Model: Sue washed up. I came in. - When I came in, Sue was washing up.

1. William drove too fast. He crashed into a tree.


2. I bought a ticket. The train left.
3. The fire alarm started. The parents took their children from school.

48
English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

4. He wrote his last book. He fell ill.


5. We went out. It rained heavily.
6. Mr. Berkley spoke to the salesgirl. He became more and more agitated.
7. I listened to the song. I imagined beautiful landscapes.
8. The burglar came into the house. All the family had lunch in the garden.
9. We crossed the river by boat. We noticed a strange object in the water.
10. I made my plans for the summer. I received your letter.
11. The tourists came down the hill. They watched the sunset.
12. You typed a letter. You made a mistake.
13. The kids broke a vase. They played in the dining-room.
14. Sarah saw a snake. She walked in the forest.

VII. Complete the sentences. Put the verbs in parentheses in the Past Progressive
or the Past Simple.

1. We (go) to see how she (be) and found she (feel) much better.
2. The campers (look) up into the sky and (see) that the clouds (get) thicker and
thicker.
3. At six o’clock this morning I (have) a wonderful dream, but then the alarm-
clock (go) off.
4. My granny (sit) on the veranda when I (arrive) at the country-house.
5. I (see) Max when I (come) home this afternoon. He (mow) the lawn.
6. This time yesterday I (enjoy) myself on the beach.
7. When Robert (enter) the room, his wife (read) a letter. She even (not. notice)
him.
8. We (walk) into the foyer where all the people (discuss) the play.
9. He (hurt) his ann badly while he (repair) the roof of his house.
10. They (tell) me they (start) a new project.
11. Kathy (realize) that she (stand) in front of the secret door.
12. 1 (have) a feeling that Rob (lie) to me.
13. The police (arrive) when the man (get) out of the house.
14. That day I (be) on a hiking trip in the mountains and (not know) anything
about what (go on) in town.

VIII. Translate into English using the Past Progressive or the Past Simple.

1. Когда мы вошли в комнату, все гости уже сидели за столом.


2. Я выглянул из окна и увидел, что мы проезжаем мимо живописной
деревеньки.
3. Каждое утро мистер Грейсон работал с 9 до 12 в своём кабинете. В это
время все члены его семьи старались не беспокоить его.
4. Вчера .мои родители пытались отговорить меня от этой поездки, но им не
удалось убедить меня.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

5. Я совершенно уверен, что кто-то следил за мной, когда я подходил к


этому дому.
6. Над чем работал Сэм в то время? - Он готовил новую статью в журнал
«Время и люди».
7. К сожалению, я не знала, что профессор Робинсон принимает участие в
этом семинаре.
8. А что ты делала с 4 до 5? Гуляла? - Нет, я была дома и убиралась у себя в
комнате.
9. Я не понимал, почему они все так разглядывают меня, и чувствовал себя
неловко.
10. Бен проснулся поздно в то утро. На улице шёл снег, и мальчишки во
дворе играли в снежки.
11. Кто это стоял у окна, когда мы проходили гю коридору?
12. Я познакомился с этим человеком, когда ехал на теплоходе по Волге.

EXTENSION

/. Develop the following situations. Use the verbs in parentheses to make up


sentences in the Past Progressive.

Model: The office was full of people, (look through, discuss) - They were looking
through some papers and discussing something with the boss.

1. I saw that Ann was very excited. ( talk, laugh)


2. The boy looked very sick, (shiver, cough, sneeze)
3. Jenny looked quite happy at the party, (dance, smile, make jokes)
4. It seemed that the old man did not notice anybody around him. (sit, stare)
5. The fans went wild at the pop concert, (shout, whistle, stamp one’s feet)
6. My granny was always busy, (knit, cook, clean)
7. Bill was very nervous at the exam, (write, cross out, rub)
8. Our neighbors were redecorating the house, (paint, whitewash, change)
9. The man was obviously in a hurry, (walk, look)
10. Everybody helped Mother to prepare a great dinner (make, cut, wash)

11. Say what your friend/friends was / were doing while you were

1. ... watering the flowers in the garden.


2. .. .washing up in the kitchen.
3. .. .playing a game of chess with your brother.
4. ...watching TV.
5. ... looking through a photo album.
6. ...making dinner.
7. ...speaking on the phone.
8. ... working on the computer.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

9. .. .decorating the Christmas tree.


10. .. .trying to open the door.

III. Complete the sentences using the Past Progressive.

1. When we came to the theatre, the audience...


2. I looked into the classroom. The children... and the teacher...
3. When we entered the house we saw that a team of workers...
4. They couldn’t go out without an umbrella because it...
5. I couldn’t understand why all the people in the square...
6. There was a traffic jam, and lots of cars...
7. The master was very surprised at the dog’s behavior. It...
8. When the train arrived there were a lot of people on the platform. They...
9. The police arrested a man who,.,
10. How can you explain the fact that you ... ?
11. Sue telephoned me when I. ..
12. The baby fell asleep while its mother...

IV. Respond to the statements using the Past Progressive.

Model: I saw Janet on the street but she didn’t notice me. - No wonder, she had a
terrible toothache and she was going to the dentist.

1. I called you several times in the evening but nobody answered the phone.
2. We met Mr. Dowl at die railway station yesterday.
3. I went to the office to see the boss this morning but he was not in.
4. We invited Lynn to join us but she didn’t want to go to the cinema.
5. When I spoke to you on the phone yesterday you sounded a bit nervous.
6. Robert says he was busy from morning till night last week.
7. When I opened the window I heard the children shouting and whistling in the
yard.
8. When the professor entered the classroom the students kept on talking about
something excitedly.
9. Ann looked distracted during the test. I wonder what’s wrong with her.
10. I saw Ken standing at the entrance to the Art Gallery. I didn’t know he was
keen on art.

THE PAST PER FEC T TENSE

+ I / he / she / it / we / you / they had / ’d done (taken, seen, revised etc)


? had I / he / she / it / we / you / they done (taken, seen, revised etc)
I / he / she / it / we / you / they had not / h adn’t done (taken, seen,
revised etc)

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

FORM AND M EANING

Ah action completed before another


action or a certain moment in the past.
The past moment may be indicated by
a) By five o'clock he had done all his a) a prepositional phrase
daily duties.
b) When we came to the theater, the b) a time clause
play had already begun.
c) After he had tried on a dozen of c) the main clause
shirts, he finally chose one to his
liking. d) a separate sentence
d) She felt happy. She had never been
so happy in her life before.
It was September. She had already An action which began before a
stayed at the seaside for two months. definite moment in the past and
They entered the room. Nothing in it continued up to that moment or into
had changed since their last visit. it. Prepositions fo r and since are
common in such sentences.
She told me that she had changed her Past actions in indirect speech
job. I asked John how he had found introduced by the main clause in the
me. Past Simple.
We had scarcely entered the house Past actions in the main clause of
when we heard a strange noise. Hardly complex sentences with conjunctions
had he crossed the road when a car hardly ... when, scarcely ... when, no
passed by at a terrific speed. sooner... than.

PRACTICE

I. Read the sentences and translate them into Russian. Explain the use o f the Past
Perfect.

1. My husband said that he had found a very good place in the country to stay for
the summer.
2. It was a collection of old china his grandmother had received as a wedding
gift.
3. Suddenly Liz realized how much her brother had changed since she last saw
him.
4. We were told that the plane had just taken off.
5. It was nine o’clock. It had stopped raining and the moon was trying to get
through the clouds.
6. After dinner Jim suggested playing a game of tennis. We had not played tennis
since last summer.

52
English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

7. I phoned at ten and they said that. Patty had left half an hour before.
8. She took her temperature again and found that it had gone up.
9. We arrived two minutes late. The train had departed by that time.
10. Scarcely had the father entered the room when the children screamed with joy.
11 . The tourists were tired. By noon they had covered ten miles.
12. After I had looked through all the drawers in my desk, I started searching on
the bookshelf.
13. By the end of September they had conducted three major experiments.
14. When Leo had shown me ail his pictures 1 decided to arrange an exhibition of
his best paintings.

II. Act out the following conversations. Pay special attention to the use o f the Past
Perfect.

- Who’s the tall girl next to Jane?


- That’s Mary. Didn’t you say you had met her at John’s party?
- No, I wasn’t at John’s party.
- Oh! Then let me introduce you to her now.

- What made you quarrel with Conrad?


- Well, he proposed to me again last night.
- Where was the harm in that?
- My dear, I had accepted him the night before.

III. Complete the sentences with the Past Perfect using the phrases from the box.

save sb do the greater part of the work hear from sb


settle the problem finish the operation consult many specialists
speak to sb prepare the draft take steps
make all the necessary preparations find out all the details

Model: By the time we got into contact with them... - By the time we got into
contact with them, they had settled all the problems.

1. By the moment the director cam e,...


2. Before they started on an expedition,...
3. I wrote to him after...
4. By the time she turned to me for h elp ,...
5. We let them know about the incident as soon as...
6. They did not come to any agreement until...
7. By the time he gave us instructions...
8. They did not lift a finger until...
9. Ted changed his opinion of Peter after...
10. The patient was X-rayed as soon as...

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

IV. Read the sentences in the past making all the necessary changes.

Model: She says she has not noticed any difference between the two pictures. ~
She said she had not noticed any great difference between the two pictures.

1. Everyone wonders why Helen did not arrive a week ago.


2. He emphasizes the fact that they have gained very good results.
3. It is quite clear that she has told a lie again.
4. From what he says I gather that they made several attempts to reach the top of
the mountain but in vain.
5. I always believe that they have been true friends for years.
6. She says she apologized to her mother for being so rude.
7. We know there has been no rain here for the last two months.
8. The boys say that they did not enter the classroom during the break.
9. 1 wonder if she has enjoyed her trip to the Caucasus.
10. No one knows that he turned down a proposal to work, in France last year,
11. It is obvious that somebody left the door unlocked.
12. Bob is sure that his brother tried to contact him more than once.
13. I believe that he was really eager to help me.
14. Our neighbor Mr. Sadley asks if we received any parcels for him while he was
away on holiday.

V. Make up one sentence o f the two using the Past Perfect. Begin the sentences
with when, after or by the time.

Model: She spent all her money. She complained she was penniless. -- When she
had spent all her money, she complained she was penniless.
The bell rang. They handed in their papers. ~ By the time the bell rang,
they had handed in their papers.

1. The guests left. She began washing up.


2. It began pouring. We got home.
3. She had her cup of coffee. She went back to the library.
4. He graduated from the University. He received a grant for his further research.
5. I arrived at the station. The train left.
6. Jane applied for a job. They invited her for an interview.
7. He won his third Olympic gold medal. He decided to work as a coach.
8. She tried on a dozen of blouses. She decided she did not like any of them.
9. We understood everything. The teacher explained the rules to us.
10. I saw my friends off. I felt like crying.
11. Mike gave up smoking. His health improved considerably.
12. The girls quarreled. They stopped talking to each other.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

VI. Choose the correct tense form.

].. By the time I (got / had got) to the kitchen, the water (ran. / had run) over the
sink.
2. I (was / had been) just about to leave when I (heard / had heard) the telephone
ring.
3. My sister (told/ had told) me that her husband and she (got / had got) divorced.
4. John (was / had been) pleased. He (found / had found) what he was looking
'for.
5. I suddenly (discovered / had discovered) that my neighbors (moved / had
moved.) out.
6. She (walked / had walked) into the house only to find that the children
(escaped / had escaped).
7. I (was / had been) sure that nothing like that (happened / had happened)
before.
8. She (felt / had felt) relieved. She (posted/ had posted) three letters that day.
9. Mr. Brown (did not recognize / had not recognized) me, (passed / had passed)
by and (turned / had turned) round the corner.
10. By the time he (stopped / had stopped) speaking, everybody (left / had left).
11. I just (wanted / had wanted) to ask them what decision they (made / had
made).
12. In the dining-room he (noticed I had noticed) that someone (removed / had
removed) the furniture.
13. What she (said / had said) was quite different from what she (told / had told)
me before.
14. He (was / had been) the only one who (suspected / had suspected) that I (did
not tell / had not told) all the truth.

VII. Complete the sentences. Put the verbs in parentheses in the Past Simple or the
Past Perfect.

Model: S h e ______ me many unpleasant things about him after h e _______ . (tell,
leave) - She told me many unpleasant things about him after he had left.

1. H e ______ after h e ______ seriously ill a long time, (recover, be)


2. I ______ awfully soiry that I ______ him. (be, hurt)
3. W here______ you before y o u _______to Glasgow? (live, move)
4. I ______ him I never______ such a thing before, (tell, do)
5. When she ...... ......to herself, s h e _______ w h a t_______ to her. (come, ask,
happen)
6. H e ______ to his horror that h e _______all. his money, (discover, spend)
7. W e______ our mistake after w e _______so many risks, (realize, take)
8. Nobody ______ to the meeting because Andy ________ the aimouncement.
(come, not make)

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

9. Jo h n ______ in that condition for more than half an hour, then h e _______ to
the house, (remain, return)
10. S h e ______ the tablecloth,______ the pretty silver candies,_______the table
with her favorite dishes. S h e ______a lot from, her mother, (spread, light, lay,
learn)
11. I ______ surprised when one afternoon after I _______there at least a month,
h e ______ me to go for a walk with him. (be, be, ask)
12. W h y ________ you angry with me? What I _______ ? I ______ anything
wrong, (be, do, not do)
13. They never__ ____ the place where h e ______ the map. (find, hide)
14. The c a t______ all the food I ___ to it greedily, (eat, give)

Vllh Use the words in parentheses to complete the sentences with attributive
clauses in the Past Perfect.

Model: The phenomenon______ was later described in their reviews, (observe) -


The phenomenon they had observed was later described in their reviews.

1. The opinion ____shocked everybody, (express)


2. The success______ was due to her strong w ill (reach)
3. The results____ „„ influenced our further investigation, (obtain)
4. He felt a sharp pain______ . (experience)
5. The trip ______ brought about a complete change in her outlook, (make)
6. The statement______ was a surprise to everybody present, (make)
7. I thought it was a jo k e ______ on her. (play)
8. I took out the fruit ___ from the bag, (buy)
9. A man whom.______ suddenly greeted me with a smile, (see)
10. I tried to recall the answer______ . (give)
11. I gave Mother the mushrooms______ on the way home, (pick up)
12. She handed me the telegram______ the day before, (receive)

IX. Translate into English using the proper past tense forms.

1. Как хорошо она выглядела! Она не изменилась с тех пор, как мы


расстались,
2. Никто из нас не знал, где он был и что он сделал.
3. После того как мы прослушали эту запись, мы всё поняли.
4. Я была уверена, что он надежный человек. Я знала его с детства.
5. Они проехали по дороге километров двадцать или тридцать, как вдруг
что-то случилось с машиной.
6. Едва он открыл глаза, как попросил меня связаться с его родителями
7. Когда я вышел на улицу, я обнаружил, что оставил все бумаги на столе в
прихожей.

56
English■Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

8. К тому времени, как мы завершили эксперимент, мы собрали достаточно


материала и опубликовали его.
9. После того, как я высказал своё мнение об этих планах, я встал и вышел
из аудитории.
10. К вечеру она закончила приготовления к поездке и теперь отдыхала, сидя
в кресле.
11. После того, как ему удалось выбраться из этого дома, он позвонил в
полицию.
12. Было раннее утро. Солнце еще не поднялось, когда мы отправились в
путь.
13. Вопрос оказался гораздо сложнее, чем мы думали, поэтому мы
попросили еще немного времени, чтобы обдумать его.
14. Я не видела своих одноклассников долгое время, и, когда мы
встретились, я с трудом, узнала некоторых из них.

EXTENSION

I. In pairs discuss the situations using the phrases from the box. Follow the model.

it was quite natural / obvious / evident... that no / small / little wonder


everybody knew that I had a feeling / an impression that
Oh, what a shame! Oh, I see. Poor thing!

Model: Ann looked so unhappy.

- What was the matter with Ann? She .looked so unhappy.


- Small wonder. She had taken part in a music contest and (had) failed in it. (She
had been quarreling with her boy-friend the whole evening, etc.)
- Oh, what a shame!

1. Your roommate looked pale.


2. Jim was embarrassed.
3. Helen was unusually excited.
4. Bob’s parents looked worried.

II. Make up complex sentences in the past starting with when, before, by the time
etc. Use the cue words.

Model: become a university student - By the time Sam became a university student
he had not tried any jobs yet.

apply to a technical college


visit Great Britain

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

get a driving license


leave school
get acquainted with sb
go in for figure-skating
complete the reconstruction
reach the village
join the national swimming team
write a best-seller

l i t Role-play the following situation: You are a group o f teachers sharing your
teaching experience. Begin your remarks with after>when, before.

Model: design individual tasks - After I had designed various individual tasks for
the children, they stopped breaking order and got involved in class
activities.

Steps taken Results obtained


praise restore the order
have more respect for improve attendance
demand strict discipline make better progress
tell sb off behave oneself
organize a competition get interested
have a serious talk with ... in private feel more responsible for
co-operate with parents influence sb / sth
punish change one’s attitude to
treat sb kindly / fairly win sb’s love and respect
make sb do sth (wash the floor, clean stop clowning / talking back / making
the blackboard) faces / breaking order
allow to wear any clothes / use make-up give up the habit of doing sth
explain to sb become attentive / cooperative/ friendly
remain unpredictable / stubborn / rude / let the authorities know
badly behaved / cheeky / unruly organize field trips

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

THE PAST PERFECT PROGRESSIVE TENSE

I / he / she / it / we / you / they had / ’d been doing (walking, making,


________________________ ___________sitting etc)__________ _________
ey had I / he / she / it / we / you / they been doing (walking, making, sitting
___________________________________etc)_______________________________
I / he / she / it / we / you / they had not / h adn’t been doing (walking,
___________________________________ making, sitting et c ) ____ _______ ____

FORM AND M EANING

When I came home, Rick had been Actions in progress that began before a
waiting for me for two hours. Mary's certain moment in the past and continued
eyes were red. I understood that she up to it or into it.
had been crying.
Mrs. Jones said that she had been, Continuous actions in the past in indirect
watching TV all the evening. Mary speech introduced by the main clause in
asked me how long I had been the Past Simple.
writing that story,

PRACTICE

I. Read the sentences and translate


Perfect Progressive.

1. Her body ached all over. She had been training in the gym all the morning.
2. They suddenly realized that it was very late. They had been talking for quite a
time.
3. I felt sick and tired after I had been listening to his silly jokes for several
hours.
4. His clothes were dirty. He said that he had been washing his car.
5. Pauline went through the notes of the lectures she had been making the last
few weeks.
6. Part of the motorway was covered with water: it had been pouring all night
long.
7. They had been gardening for about an hour when their neighbor Mr. Lorrane
came up to the gate.
8. Suddenly we both realized that we had been screaming at each other so loudly
that people on the street could hear us.
9. The manager found out that the clerk had been cheating him for several
months by forging his signature.
10. He had been driving for two hours when he understood that he was moving in
the wrong direction.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

П. Act out the following conversations. Pay special attention to the use o f the Past
Perfect and Past Perfect Progressive.

- I say, Bob! I was at Phil’s yesterday and he wondered how long you'd been
playing golf before you joined the golf club.
- I can’t remember exactly. But I would say that by the time I finished school, I’d
been playing it with my father and my elder brother for quite a while.

- Did you see Jane in the office?


- Yes, she came there at 9 o'clock, as usual.
- Did you tell her that we had been calling her all the morning?
- Yes, I did. She said she had been jogging in the park.

Ш. Rewrite the sentences using the Past Perfect Progressive and the cues.

Model: I have been listening to this text for an hour. (He said) - He said that: be
had been listening to that text for an hour.

1. We have been cleaning the house today. (She remarked)


2. Lucy has been telling us an interesting story about wolves. (My son said)
3. It has been snowing for three days in that region. (We didn’t know)
4. His wife has been waiting for him the whole evening. (He was sorry)
5. Lily has been trying to make up with Ron all the week, (I learnt)
6. Who lias been playing with my jewelry box? (I wanted to know)
7. Three of the students have been missing classes this week. (The teacher
pointed out)
8. She has been shopping all day and has bought lots of presents for the kids.
(She said)
9. He has been doing a good job for us of late. (The boss mentioned.)
10. Who has been bringing flowers to her all this time? (I wondered)
11. How long have you been practicing this piece? (My music teacher asked)
12. I've been searching for this book all over the place. (My brother said)

IV. Match the two parts o f the sentences.

1. Ralph had been cycling for a a. before he was able to buy a new car.
long time
2. The plane had been flying for b. that we felt we deserved a holiday.
an hour
3. Edgar had been saving money c. before they finally went out and
for two years bought one.
4. We had been studying so hard d. before they found out who the artist
was.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

5. They had been, talking about e. before he reached the highway.


buying a new dishwasher for
months
6. She had been staying in bed f. before she received a promotion.
for a week
7. Eric had been looking for a g- when suddenly they invited him for
job for a month an interview.
8. My cousin had been working h. before the doctor prescribed this
for this company for two medicine for him.
years
9. They had been examining the i. when it was hijacked.
painting for a long time
10. My grandpa had been j- before the doctor allowed her to get
suffering from severe up.
headaches

V. Develop the situation using the Past Perfect Progressive.

Model: His coat was wet through. - His coat was wet through. Obviously he had
been walking in the rain for hours.

1. At last we found the Stewarts’ house.


2. The ground was wet.
3. The boys were excited when they came home.
4. Paul came into the room quite breathless.
5. At last Sam got a job.
6. My friend played the violin in a symphony orchestra.
7. Susan was taken ill yesterday.
S. Peter was happy. He had finished his first play.
9. Dad felt very tired last night.
10. They won the race.

VI. Complete the sentences with the necessary past tense forms.

Model: We (have) lunch for half an hour when Sarah (come) and (join) us. - We
had been having lunch for half an hour when Sarah came and joined us.

1. We (listen) to music for some time when Dan (phone) and (tell) us the news.
2. Jim’s score for the maths test was very high. - It’s only natural. He (prepare)
for it very thoroughly.
3. 1 (know) that Paul (dream) about playing tennis since he (be) seven.
4. Mom (sleep) for about an hour when she (hear) screams outside.
5. Dick (injure) his feet. He (wear) tight shoes on a hiking trip.
6. We (know) that Jane always (do) well in reading and listening tests.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

7. They (look) through a hundred of ads in the newspapers before they (see) this one.
8. The expedition (travel) about Africa for nearly two months when half of its
members (be) taken seriously ill.
9. When we finally (get) to the stadium, the match (end) and the players (leave)
the field.
10. I (be) glad to find the book. 1 (look) for it for quite a long time.
11. Lewis (not answer). I (realize) he (not; hear) my question. He (not listen) to
me.
12. By the time I (finish) packing things the clock (strike) midnight.

VIL Translate into English using the past tense-forms.

1. Когда я пришел, мои одноклассники уже давно сидели в аудитории и


ждали меня.
2. Мы удивились, что Питер отказался принимать участие в нашей
дискуссии.
3. Она вдруг поняла, что всё это время, она набирала неверный номер.
4. Он сказал, что ищет Роберта с самого с утра.
5. Я была приятно поражена. Они изучали язык полгода и добились
хороших результатов.
6. Бабушка устала. Она пекла пироги с самого утра.
7. Она жила в маленьком городке с детства, а затем поехала учиться в
Москву,
8. В домике было холодно и сыро. Дождь шел несколько дней.
9. На них были купальники, и я поняла, что они только что плавали в
бассейне.
10. Флора отложила книгу, которую она читала, и посмотрела на часы.
11. Мы не смогли его найти. Очевидно, он никого не хотел видеть и уехал
сразу же после спектакля.
12. Я рассказала тётушке, что вчера я просматривала наш семейный альбом
и нашла там эту фотографию.

VIII. Make corrections, if necessary.

1. They were very tired by the end of the trip. They were walking for more than
twelve hours.
2. Dick was unhappy when he sold his motorcycle. He had had it for a very long,
time.
3. When I arrived, Roger had been expecting me. He was waiting for me for
about an hour.
4. When Jane entered the room, everybody stopped talking. She realized they
were gossiping about her.
5. Jim was out of breath and looked pale. He had been carrying a heavy suitcase.
I offered him my help.

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English lenses: Grammar Practice Activities

6. We were very good friends. We had been knowing each other for years.
7. The teacher got angry when somebody’s cell phone rang.
8. James had been sitting in the cafe for a quarter of an hour when a young girl
with a bunch of roses came up to him.
9. She was disappointed when she had to cancel her cruise. She looked forward
to it so long.
10. When Bob had worked in London, he went to die office by bus.

EXTENSION

I. Review the use o f the Past Perfect Progressive. Match the two parts and make up
sentences following the model

Model: mechanic / fix engines - I knew Ben was a skilled mechanic. He had been
fixing engines for many years.

pilot play with the national orchestra


mechanic act for a travel company
gym teacher treat outpatients
artist teach students
dentist experiment with chemicals
travel agent fly planes
lab assistant count money
general practitioner fill cavities
lecturer coach gymnasts
architect. paint landscapes
bank teller fix-engines
pianist practice law
solicitor design houses

II. Add a sentence in the Past Perfect or Past Perfect Progressive giving reasons
fo r states and actions.

Model: No wonder we felt tired. - No wonder we felt tired. We had been working
all day long.
At last he could have a rest. - At last he could, have a rest. He had
completed his work,

1. She was unwilling to go out.


2. We all looked forward to seeing St. Paul's Cathedral.
3. The hotel was full.
4. It was already midnight and she grew more and more anxious.
5. John went to bed early that night.
6. We were lucky to get home quickly.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

7. Susan couldn’t speak.


8. We were very hungry,
9. Jim had to buy a new cell phone.
10. Professor Hall did not attend the conference.
11. They all felt relieved.
12. Betty was horrified at the sight of that man.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

FUTURE TENSES

THE FUTURE SIM PLE TENSE

I / we shall / will / ’ll work (study, take, see etc)


+
you / he / she / it / they will / ’ll work (study, take, see etc)
? shall I / we
work (study, take, see etc)?
will you / he / she / it / they
I / we shall not / sh an ’t / will not / w on’t work (study,
you / he / she / it / they take, see etc)
will not / won’t work (study, take, see etc)

FORM AND M EANING

1. We’ll return from the journey on. An action or a simple fact in the
August 6. future.
Will Mr. Gumming be present at the
opening ceremony?
2. - Somebody is knocking at the door. A future action at the moment of
- I’ll go and see. making a decision to perform it.
Fm tired. I think I’ll go to bed.
3. Are you sure that he’ll keep his Future actions in object clauses of a
promise? compound sentence.
My sister says that she will help me
to prepare for the exam.
4. I'll call on Jane and speak to ile r A succession of actions in the future.
about your offer.
We’ll see the White House, go round
the Mall and then have lunch in the
cafe.
5. Believe me, Robert will soon change A future fact or action predicted or
his mind. promised by the speaker.
The climate will get much warmer in
the next few decades.

* The Future Simple is not used in adverbial clauses of time or condition after
conjunctions when, till, before, if unless, etc. In such cases the Present Simple is
used instead.
Eg. Turn off the gas when the soup is ready, please.
If he does it again, I'll scream.
As soon as I find Nick’s address, I’ll call you.

** Three present forms are quite common in sentences referring to the future:

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

1. The Present Progressive denotes actions planned by the speaker for the nearest
future.
Eg. We are leaving early in the morning tomorrow.
What are you doing tonight?

2. The Present Simple denotes future actions in reference to schedules and


programs.
Eg. The train arrives at 5.30. We’ll have to wait for half an hour.
The show starts in an hour. We still have time to have a snack.

3. “To be going to” denotes


a) actions which a person intends to perform.
Eg. Pm going to climb to the top of the hill.
Chris is going to buy a new car.
b) actions which are predicted by using the present evidence.
Eg. Look at that dark cloud ~ it’s going to rain!
Take the clock from the kids - they’re going to break it.

PRACTICE

I. R ead the sen ten ces a n d tran slate th em into R u ssian . E xplain the u se o f the
Future Sim ple.

1. Fashion styles will be very different in a hundred years.


2. The film will be on at several cinemas starting from June 15.
3. How will you get home at such a late hour?
4. I’m afraid their marriage won’t last long.
5. There will be a very interesting match next Sunday.
6. I'll show the guests around the house, treat them to some snacks and then
we’ll go to the garden.
7. Jim says he’ll drop into the supermarket on the way back and buy everything
we need.
8. Oh, what a lovely vase! I think I’ll buy it.
9. We’ll change the wall, paper in this room, move the furniture and hang some
pictures on the walls. You’ll see - it will look quite different!
10. Who says that it will be easy? Of course not. But I’m sure we’ll be a success
in the long run.

II. A c t ou t the fo llo w in g con versation s. P a y sp e c ia l a tten tio n to the use o f the
F uture Sim ple.

- What are you going to do on your birthday, Ann?


- Oh, I don’t know. Maybe my friends and I will go on a picnic. Will you join us?

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

- I’d love to, but I’m afraid the weather is going to change. According to the
forecast, it will be rainy on Saturday.
- Really? Well, if the weather changes, we’ll go to a cafe.

- Please, don’t give Jane this book. She’ll either lose it or she’ll forget to return it.
- But she says she’ll bring it back in two days.
- Well, if she doesn’t, I ’ll be very angry.

When will you be back, Dave?


The workshop will be over at 2, so I'll come home at about 3.
- Will Professor Turner be there?
- I bet he will. He’s going to make a presentation of his new project.

III. Match the beginnings and the ends.

1. Let’s get off at the next stop. a. W e’ll talk about it later.
2. Don’t leave the door open. b. Maybe, but when will it happen?
3. Ask Jane to come over tomorrow c. I'll be back very soon.
morning.
4. He will understand that you are d. I’m afraid he won’t even listen to
right one day. you,
5. You’d better change this pipe e. She will help you.
6. If he doesn’t complete this course, f. and you will see her picture in
glamorous magazines.
7. Mary must see it with her own g. The cat will run away.
eyes,
8. Don’t worry, h. otherwise she won’t believe us.
9. One day she will be famous i. he will drink it.
10. Maybe, if you add sugar to it, j. or it will leak.
11. I have no time to discuss it now. k. he won’t get a promotion.
12. Do you think Alan needs your l. We’ll change the bus there.
advice?

IV. Promise to do things. Use the words and phrases from the box and the cues.

Cues: sure of course OK good by all means with pleasure don’t worry

in the evening after dinner very soon on the way back next Sunday
tomorrow when I have free time tonight next week

Model: I’m afraid Melissa is still angry with me. - Don’t worry. I’ll talk to her and
explain everything tonight.

1. Could you buy a newspaper for me?

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

2. I wonder if yon could hand this book back to Jane.


3. How about inviting Tim to the party?
4. Can 1 have a look at your new paintings?
5. Could you meet Aunt Emily at the station?
6. You must clean the room. It’s such a mess!
7. Can you repair this bike?
8. You are becoming a workaholic! Are you going to work late again?
9. I ’d like to meet Mr. Robinson so much. Could you invite him to dinner?
10. I ’m afraid I left my umbrella in your house.

V. Take turns in askin g a n d a n sw erin g q u estio n s.

1. At what time will the classes be over?


2. When will you get home?
3. What will you do first when you get home?
4. Where will you be at this time tomorrow?
5. When will you call, me?
6. Will you have time to go for a walk in the evening?
7/ Will the shops be open at 8 this evening?
8. Do you think X will come to the cinema with me if I ask him / her?
9. When will it get dark this evening?
10. When will you see your friend next time?

VI, M ake p re d ic tio n s ju d g in g b y the p r e s e n t situ ation . Use to b e g o in g to a n d the


cues.

Model: You've already eaten three ice-creams, (catch a cold) - You’re going to
catch a cold.

1. The car is coming at a terrific speed, (turn over)


2. The cat is watching the bird, (catch)
3. The woman in the river is screaming loudly, (drown)
4. The pail is filled with water to the edge, (spill)
5. The conductor has raised his baton, (start)
6. It’s getting colder, (snow)
7. Janet is buying maternity clothes, (have a baby)
8. The Masons are buying lots of food at the supermarket, (have a party)
9. Tom is training hard in the gym. (take part)
10. Our neighbors have put an ad in the newspaper about their house, (sell)
11. Look at that crazy man climbing to the top of the tree, (fall down)
12. Sally has sent her resume to several firms, (change)

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

VII. Which form is best?

1. Take an umbrella. It’s going to rain / will rain.


2. Professor Spencer conducts / will conduct a workshop for the postgraduate
students on Monday.
3. Will you / Are you going to stay here long?
4. I am leaving / will leave by the 4 o’clock train.
5. If the rain lasts for another day or two, it will be / is going to be impossible to
' reach that place by car.
6. You needn’t bake a cake. I’m buying / ‘m going to buy doughnuts for dessert.
7. The potatoes are going to / will boil, very soon. Have you put salt into the
water?
8. I’m afraid Ryan won’t / isn’t going to talk to you after this quarrel.
9. We’ll need / are going to need this sum of money on December 10.
10. This book will tell / is going to tell you a lot of interesting facts about ancient
Rome.
11. The show starts / is starting at 7. Don’t be late.
12. My friend says she’ll bring / is going to bring a few brochures on. Egypt for
you to see.
13. W e’ll go / are going to the shop and you’ll / are going to decide for yourself
what kind of bag to buy for your trip.
14. I like this picture most of all. I think it’ll look / ‘s going to look wonderful in
our dining-room.
15. П1 ring / am going to ring you up tomorrow.
16. The bus doesn’t / won’t pass via Bradford.

VIM. T ran slate from . R u ssian into English..

1. Я оставлю вам свой электронный адрес. Пожалуйста, если у вас будет


информация о новых конференциях, сообщите мне о них.
2. Не волнуйся, мама. Я обещаю, что позвоню тебе, как только мы
прилетим в Грецию.
3. Завтра в 10 часов профессор Сноу будет читать лекцию об английской
живописи 19 века.
4. Что вы делаете в эти выходные? Вы мне ещё не рассказывали о своих
планах.
5. Боюсь, что будет очень трудно уговорить Лидию пойти с нами на этот
вечер.
6. Не доверяйте этому человеку. Он обманет вас.
7. Ричард намерен принять участие в этих соревнованиях. Более того, он
уверен, что выиграет их.
8. После ланча мы немного отдохнём, потом ещё поработаем в саду, а
вечером сходим на реку и искупаемся.
9. Я звонила Тому. Он встретит нас на станции и отвезёт домой.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

10. He убирай эти инструменты. .Мне они понадобятся завтра утром.


11. Ты веришь, что когда-нибудь Олимпийские игры будут проводиться в
нашем городе?
12. По прогнозу завтра будет в основном облачно, а к вечеру пойдёт дождь.
13. В сентябре состоится презентация новой книги этого популярного
автора.
14. Сколько приглашений они собираются разослать? - Они говорят, что на
вечере будет более ста гостей.

IX. D e v e lo p the situ ation s using the verb s fro m the box o r an y o th er su ita b le verbs.

listen wait tell have lunch take pictures sit read see ask
do write___g o hikin g .___ c o o k __ go___ present ___take part in ___pick

Model: We’ll go to the forest We’ll go to the forest, pick mushrooms and
berries and have a rest near the river.

1. First we’ll go shopping and then ...


2. I'll call Ann and ...
3. The students will review the grammar rules and after th a t...
4. In the camp you’ll live in a te n t...
5. During the day the tourists will, visit the History M useum ,...
6. After school the boys will play football,...
7. Tomorrow we’ll go to the Zoo and ...
8. I think I’ll stay at home and....
9. After his trip Bob will come to our place and ...
10. I'll make a copy of this picture and ...
11. We’ll send Dale a letter and ...
12. During the festival you’ll see a lot of performances ...

X. Put in the correct verb form (present or future).

1. He certainly (do) it if it (be) possible.


2. If we (go) downtown, we (visit) the Art Gallery.
3. I (leave) Pete a message if he (not be) in.
4. I am not sure if I (be) at home at 8.
5. Jack doesn’t know when he (come) back.
6. I (be) happy when it (be) all over.
7. They don’t say if they (go) together with us or on their own.
8. Can you tell me when you (see) Mary next time?
9. We (take) more pictures of that wonderful, place when we (go) there again.
10. If you (find) the ring, give me a call, please.
11. The children (be) more diligent if they (be) better motivated.
12. We (not go) out unless it (stop) raining.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

13. Go and see this movie if you (have) time.


14. Peggy (look) like her mother when she (grow) up.

XL N am e on e o r m ore a ctio n s w hich you w ill p e rfo rm w hen

1. you go on holiday
2. you prepare for an exam
3. you meet your pen pal
4. you go to the gym
5. you come to London
6. you get to the beach
7. you redecorate your room
8. winter comes
9. you get your first salary
10. you meet your former classmates

ХП. C o m p lete th e sen ten ce s w ith cla u ses in the Future S im p le o r P re se n t Sim ple.

1. She will sing a song for you if ...


2. I don’t like meat unless...
3. Take a bus tour of Paris when ...
4. Contact Mr. Bailey i f ...
5. Jack won’t come unless ...
6. Let’s meet at 10 tomorrow if ...
7. She will put on weight unless ...
8. W e’ll take a rest as soon as ...
9. Let’s drop in at this shop before ...
10. Nick would like to know if ...
11. I can’t say now i f ...
12. His parents are not sure if ...

EXTENSIO N

I. M ake p r e d ic tio n s f o r the fu tu re o f y o u r n a tive town. What w ill it b e like in a


hu n dred y e a r s f r o m n ow ? C om pare y o u r p r e d ic tio n s w ith y o u r p a r tn e r 's an d
ch o o se the o n es w h ich sou n d m o st realistic.
You m ay also con sider the follow in g topics: fashion, school, traveling, recreation.

II. M ake a f e w reso lu tio n s to d o som eth in g im portant. U se the cues:

1. Starting from tomorrow I’ll...


2. I 'l l ... from now on.
3. Next year I’ll ...
4. After I graduate from the university I’l l ...

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

III. C om plete the sen ten ces w ith y o u r ow n ideas.

1. I’ll know English better i f ...


2. П1 move to another city if ...
3. I won’t accept a job offer unless ...
4. I’ll be happy if ..,
5. I don’t know exactly if (when) ...
6. I’ll have an apartment of my own when ...
7. I won’t learn Japanese unless...
8. I’ll have more opportunities to get a good job i f ...

IV. In grou ps o f 3 o r 4, brainstorm , f o r the p o s s ib le co n seq u en ces o f the fo llo w in g


im agin ary situations.

1. People will communicate by mind-reading.


2. Religion will be introduced as a compulsory subject at school.
3. All university students will have to pay tuition fees.
4. The humanity will contact aliens from another planet.

Model: If people learn to communicate by mind-reading, it will be quite easy to


contact a person in any part of the world.

.Share y o u r id ea s w ith the rest o f the c la ss a n d ch o o se the m o st o rig in a l ones.

THE FUTURE PROGRESSIVE TENSE

I/we shall / will / ’ll be working (studying, taking,


seeing etc)
you / he / she / it / they will / T1 be working (studying, taking, seeing
etc)
9 shall I / w e
be working (studying, taking, seeing etc)?
will you / he / she / it / they
I / we shall not I shan’t / will not / won’t work be
working (studying, taking, seeing etc)
you / he / she / it / they will not / won’t be working (studying, taking,
seeing etc)

F O R M A N D M E A N IN G

1. I’ll be writing an exam from 10 to 12 tomorrow. An action in progress at a


Just fancy - we’ll be lying on the beach particular time in the
tomorrow morning! future.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

2. Mr. Freeman will be meeting the representatives A planned, expected or


of the Kraft Food company next week. anticipated action in the
Harry will be staying in Washington for a whole future.
month and he intends to see all the major sights
of the city.
3. Will you be packing up tonight? A polite enquiry about the
Will you be using the calculator today? If not, future plans.*
can I borrow it?

* Compare the meanings:


Will you be packing up tonight? (just asking about, plans without trying to
influence people)
Are you going to pack up tonight? (asking about the intentions, perhaps pressing
for a decision)
Will you pack up tonight? (request or order)

PRACTICE

I. R e a d the sen ten ce s a n d tra n sla te into R ussian. E xplain the u se o f the Future-
P ro g re ssiv e .

1. It’s stuffy in here. I'll be waiting for you outdoors.


2. Jane will be having a dance class for an hour or so. You’d better call her when
it’s over.
3. The company will be producing a new model of cars next year.
4. What will you be doing on the week-end? - Oh, lots of things. We’ll be doing
the house, gardening - and, of course, preparing the room for Nancy, as she is
coming on Monday.
5. The ship will be undergoing repairs during the next three months.
6. How long will you be training today? - For at least two hours.
7. Don’t be so cross. You’ll be accusing yourself of being too strict with the boy
very soon.
8. The government will be taking appropriate measures to prevent drug
trafficking.
9. The drama theatre will be staging a new production of “Pygmalion” this
season.
10. I’m afraid I can’t see you off at the station tomorrow. I'll be having an
important business meeting in the morning.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

II. M ake up a new sen ten ce sayin g w h at yo u w ill be d o in g a t a p a r tic u la r m om en t


in the future.

Model: I’m writing an e-mail to our partners, (in an hour) - I'll be writing an e-
mail to our partners in an hour.

1. The Prime-minister is speaking on TV. (at 9 p.m.)


2. Helen is singing Russian folk songs, (at the school concert)
3. Hundreds of people are coming to this skiing resort now. (in December)
4. My brother is watching a football match at the moment, (after supper)
5. They are celebrating the tenth anniversary of their company today, (next
Friday)
6. My Father and my elder brother are fishing in the bay. (tomorrow morning)
7. We are meeting school teachers from Great Britain and the USA. (at the next
conference)
8. Dance groups from all over the country are participating in this festival, (next
week)
9. The tourists are flying home, (this time tomorrow)
10. We are finishing the discussion, (in a few minutes)

III. M ake up qu estion s in the F uture P ro g re ssiv e to a sk so m e b o d y p o lite ly .

1. what time they are planning to leave


2. whether they are going to use the headphones
3. how they intend to spend the vacation
4. what they are going to have for breakfast
5. how soon they intend to finish their work
6. what poems they are going to recite at the school-leaving party
7. when they plan to meet the boss
8. whether they are planning to stay in the country for another week
9. how they intend to travel in the desert
10. whether they intend to speak at the meeting
11. where they are going to stay in London
12. whether they are planning to visit their relatives this week

IV. A n sw e r the fo llo w in g q u estio n s in the n eg a tive. Say w h a t yo u w ill b e d o in g


in ste a d using the cu es f r o m the box.

change take a bus plant trees bake-a-cake work print the papers finish
start have lunch watch T V __ make a fire play make an experiment

Model: Are you going to buy dessert for dinner? - No, I’m not. I'll be baking a
cake.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

1. Is your father going to quit his job this year?


2. Will you be in the office at noon?
3. Are they planning to complete the reconstruction of the office building this
month?
4. Are the kids coming with us?
5. Are they planning to get the results of the experiment soon?
6. Would you like to go for a walk with me?
' 7. Is the secretary going to file the papers today?
8. Will you go for a swim in the lake with us?
9. Are you planning to catch the 6 o’clock train?
10. Are the tourists leaving the camp tomorrow?
11. Are you going to cut the grass in the garden?
12. Will the financial policy of the management remain the same?

V. T ran slate into E n glish using the Future P ro g re ssiv e .

1. Эта молодая певица будет исполнять партию Татьяны в опере «Евгений


Онегин».
2. Я буду ждать вашего звонка завтра утром.
3. Руководство нашей фирмы обсудит эти предложения на следующем
заседании.
4. Будете ли вы покупать какие-нибудь сувениры для ваших зарубежных
друзей?
5. На этом концерте мы увидим много оригинальных выступлений
(numbers).
6. Я уверен, что уже через неделю ты будешь думать о доме и скучать о
семье.
7. В каком платье ты будешь на этой церемонии?
8. Будет ли президент встречаться с журналистами во время своего
короткого визита в Прагу?
9. Кейт будет присматривать за нашими цветами, когда мы уедем в отпуск,
К). Вы будете расплачиваться наличными или кредитной карточкой?

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English Tenses; Grammar Practice Activities

THE FUTURE PER FEC T TENSE

SIM PLE PROGRESSIVE |


+ I shall / will / ’ll have built + I shall / will / ‘ll have been building

? will you have built? ? will you have been building?

he will not / won’t have built he will not / won’t have been building

An action that will have been An action that will have continued for a
completed by a certain moment in period of time by a certain moment in the
the future. future. The emphasis is on how long it will
last.

Eg. They will have built the new Eg. I’ll have been working for the
house by autumn. company for 10 years next month.
By the time you arrive we’ll By the end of the marathon the
have finished all the repairs. sportsmen will have been running for over
4 hours.

PRACTICE

I. Complete the sentences using the Future Perfect.

1. We’ll get to the theatre only at 8. The performance (start) already.


2. I’m afraid I (not read) this book by Friday. Can I keep it for a few more days?
3. I’ll have to stay in the office longer than usual today. By the time I come home
my mother (finish) all the preparations for the party.
4. They (be) married for thirty years next June.
5. By the end of my course of studies I (take) over twenty exams.
6. John (teach) for ten years this autumn.
7. We hope that we (collect) all the necessary information by tomorrow.
8. By the end of October all wild ducks and geese (fly) away to the South.
9. The river (freeze) by mid-December.
10. I (drive) for six hours non-stop by midday.
11. If you do your best you (complete) the work by tomorrow.
12. The city authorities say that they considerably (improve) the transport
communications by 2008.

II. Answer the questions in the Future Perfect using the cues.

Model: Have you passed all the exams? (July) - Not yet, but I’ll have passed all
the exams by July.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

1. Have the farmers gathered the crops? (the end of August)


2. Has Peggy collected all the necessary papers? (next Monday)
3. Have all the fishing boats returned to the port? (mid-September)
4. Have you written the letter to the electronics company? (lunchtime)
5. Has Marion prepared the report? (Thursday)
6. Have you saved enough money for buying the house? (next summer)
7. Have you made a decision? (tomorrow)
8. Has Dr. Newman studied ail the samples of this substance? (the end of the
1month)
9. Have you considered all the options for financing this project? (next week)
10. Have the students finished writing their essays? (2 o’clock)

III. L ook a t the city recon stru ction p la n a n d co m m en t on how the situ a tio n w ill
h a ve ch a n g ed b y

February the end of June


the end of March October
May December

Model: By February they will have started the reconstruction of the city hospital.

1. Reconstruction of the city hospital, (January - October)


2. Foundation of a new amusement park. (April - June)
3. Broadening the R1 highway. (May - September)
4. Pulling down the old bus terminal. (March)
5. Construction of the new bus terminal. (April -- December)

If you know anything about the reconstruction plan of your city, add some more
sentences to the list.

IV. T ran slate f r o m R u ssian into E nglish u sin g th e F uture Perfect.

1. К концу года наше издательство (publishing house) выпустит новый


сборник стихов молодых поэтов.
2. Не волнуйся, я сошью это платье к завтрашнему вечеру.
3. Боюсь, что к этому времени Дэниел ещё не вернётся с работы.
4. По прогнозу, к концу недели погода сильно изменится.
5. Если контракт будет подписан, но к своему восемнадцатилетию этот
молодой актёр снимется уже в десяти фильмах.
6. К приходу гостей я испеку два пирога, а ты приготовишь салаты.
7. Мистер Кэмерон не уверен, что закончит писать эту картину к
Рождеству.
8. Если ты будешь пользоваться специальным словарём, то переведёшь
статью к понедельнику.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

9. Сэм закончит курс обучения в колледже к середине июня.


К). К концу года фирма завершит реконструкцию бассейна.
П. Не расстраивайся так. К кошту дня ты уже забудешь об этой
неприятности.
12. Нужно запретить собирать это редкое растение, иначе через несколько
лет оно исчезнет.

IV. M ake up qu estion s a n d a sk y o u r p a r tn e r h o w lon g he / she w ill h a ve been


p erfo rm in g the fo llo w in g a c tio n s b y next sum m er:

learning English
studying at the University
living in the present house
using the computer
going in for skating / swimming / jogging etc

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

TEST YOURSELF

L Complete the texts with the appropriate tense form ,

A. John Lennon 1, (be) murdered just before 11 p.m. on the 8th of December
1980 outside his home in the Dakota Apartment Building in New York City. He
just 2. (get) out of a car and 3. (walk) to the entrance when a voice 4. (call): “Mr.
Lennon!” Lennon 5. (turn) round and 6. (be shot) five times. The killer 7. (throw)
"his gun down and 8. (stand) there smiling. “You 9. (know) what you just 10. (do)?”
11. (shout) the doorman. “I just 12. (shoot) John Lennon,” the killer 13. (reply).
Lennon 14. (be) rushed to hospital in a police patrol car, but it 15. (be) too late.
The killer 16. (be) twenty-five year-old Mark Chapman from Hawaii. Earlier the
same evening he 17. (ask) Lennon for his autograph. In fact he 18. (hang) around
outside the apartment building for several days. Chapman 19. (be) a fan of the
Beatles and Lennon, and 20. (try) to imitate him in many ways. He even 21.
(believe) that he 22. (be) John Lennon.

B. Do You Believe My Story?


The first thing I 1. (do) when I 2. (wake) up in my favorite house yesterday 3.
(be) to admire the fabulous view from my bedroom window. As soon as I 4. (do)
an hour’s exercise with my personal fitness trainer, my housekeeper 5. (prepare)
my breakfast. After a luxurious bath, I 6. (spend) some time with my secretary and
7. (tell) her to sell cheques to all the charities I 8. (support). Just as I 9. (leave) the
house a special delivery 10. (arrive). It 11. (be) a present from my secret admirer.
I 12. (not get) to the airport until midday, so I 13. (instruct) the pilot to use our
fastest plane and take me to my favorite city. During the flight I 14. (have) a light
lunch and 15. (look) at photographs of my last holiday. As we 16. (land) I 17.
(contact) a dear friend of mine who just 18. (finish) her latest film and 19.
(arrange) a meeting with her for dinner later. I 20. (spend) the rest of the afternoon
doing what I 21. (love) doing most.
By the time I 22. (meet) my friend at the restaurant, I 23. (starve), so I 24.
(order) all my favorite things on the menu. While we 25. (leave) the restaurant, I
26. (spot) somebody I always 27. (want) to meet. It 28. (be) the perfect end to a
perfect day.

II. Correct the underlined verb form s, i f necessary.

1. Have you ever eaten oysters? How have you liked them?
2. He hadn’t made a very good impression on me the first time we met.
3. I had been trying to contact Mr. Berry today, but he doesn’t answer the phone,
4. She is going to the gym twice a week to keep in shape.
5. He makes an excellent pianist if he practice more, I’m sure.
6. We all had a good laugh but Pete could not see the funny side of it.
7. I hardly slept at all and I was feeling awful in the morning.
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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

8. My hair is wet because I was swimming.


9. I smiled at her in a friendly way before I had realized that I have forgotten her
name.
10. The participants of the conference all agreed that, the planet had become
warmer in the last ten years.
11. When you’ll turn round the comer, you will see a bus stop on your left.
12. She is terribly fond of chocolates, therefore she is keeping putting on weight.
13. They made a film based on the book but it had not been a success.
14. Have you tried to tell him what are you thinking about the problem?
15. I had been looking for a new job recently but I didn’t find anything interesting
yet.
16. Computer techno logy is changing very quickly, and it gives lots of new
opportunities to computer users.
17. Good news! F ve been having a pay rise.
18. lie thinks Sue enjoys living away from home when she goes to college next
autumn.

Ш. Underline the appropriate verb fo rm «

A. A Visit to a Concert

Mrs. Richards was / had been late for the concert. When, she had come / came,
the concert had been beginning / had begun. She was entering / entered the hall and
was finding / found her seat. The orchestra had been playing / was playing some
music.
Mis. Richards had listened / was listening for a while before she had asked /
asked her neighbor: “What do they play / are they playing?” “The ninth
symphony,” he answered. “Oh, dear! I missed / have missed the first eight!” she
exclaimed.

B. Good News

When the boxer had returned / returned to his dressing room, he looked / had
looked quite exhausted, for he was having / had had a terrific beating at the ring.
He has been feeling / felt absolutely done. The boxer lay / was lying on the couch
to have a rest. He had opened / opened his eyes when the promoter was
approaching / approached him. “1 have / am having good news for you,” he said.
“1 was / have been lucky enough to fix a return match for you.”

IV. T ran slate in to E n g lish .

I. Чем aam-шаетея сейчас Сам? Насколько я знаю, у него свой бизнес, и


он преуспевает (to do well) с rex пор, как занялся (to start.) им.
English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

2. Было темно, когда мы подошли к лагерю. Луна еще не взошла (rise). Дул
сильный ветер. Становилось все холоднее и холоднее.
3. Я встречаюсь со своим, итальянским партнером сегодня днем. Мы
обсудим все детали нашего проекта.
4. Моя племянница начала изучать английский язык, когда ей было шесть
лет. Отец учил ее.
5. Почему ты опять ворчишь (grumble)? Я сделал что-то не так?
6. Не успел он выйти из здания, как толпа репортёров окружила его.
7. Я впервые в этом городе. Здесь много прекрасных музеев, красивых
зданий и парков, и я планирую осмотреть все основные
достопримечательности.
8. Я уверен, все будет хорошо. Они закончат эксперимент к пятнице, а на
следующей неделе доложат о результатах (report the results).
9. Где вы были? -- В парке. - Что вы там делали? - Мы фотографировали
выставку цветов.
10. Мистер Гранд придет и даст вам все необходимые инструкции, прежде
чем вы начнете работу.
11. Они, бывало, пили чай и беседовали в гостиной. Это было их любимое
занятие (pastime).
12. Ты почувствуешь себя гораздо лучше, после того как отдохнёшь неделю
за городом.
13. Мы вошли в зал. Концерт еще tie начался. Музыканты настраивали свои
инструменты (tune up).
14. Что здесь происходит, мальчики? Почему вы разбросали все вещи (to
throw about)? Вы опять дрались?
15. Все эти годы Джейн хранила, его письма и сейчас время от времени
перечитывает их.

V. Complete the sentences with the appropriate verb form in one o f the Present
Tenses.

1. He always (tell) everyone how good he (be). I can’t stand it.


2. I (feel) sleepy. I (be) up all night revising for an exam.
3. My cousin (learn) to drive for two months but he (not make) much progress.
4. Please, don’t to make so much noise. The baby (sleep).
5. Your dog (chase) a man on a bicycle, - Don’t be silly. My dog (not ride) a
bicycle.
6. Your son’s car always (look) quite new. When he (buy) it?
7. The boys constantly (make) fun of Jim. I (wonder) why. He never (do) or
(say) anything out of the ordinary.
8. Look! It (pour). How silly of me! I (leave) my umbrella at home.
9. He (receive) plenty of job offers but he yet (not make) up his mind which to
take.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

10. It (be) fifteen years since I (visit) my home town. They (say) it (change)
beyond recognition.
11. You (think) this tattoo (suit) me? - To be honest, I (think) it (make) you look a
bit silly.
1.2, I (lose) my key. - You (have) any idea where you lost it?
13. He (belong) to any sports dub now? - 1 (not think) he (do).
14. He (stay) at a hotel for a week or so until he (find) a cheapapartment. It(cost)
a fortune to stay at a hotel, you know,

VI. Complete the sentences with the appropriate verb form in one o f the Past
Tenses.

1. She (not know) that the price (include) the tax. Nobody (tell) her that.
2. By the time we (get) to the top, we (be) completely breathless. We (have) to
pause to get our breath back.
3. I (know) that a lot of people (put) money into this project.
4. He (try) to express his feelings in his paintings but nobody (understand) him.
5. I (cut) my finger while I (peel) potatoes. It (be) a bad cut.
6. Dennis is so stupid. He (phone) his teacher to say he (cannot)come because he
(lose) his voice.
7. Hardly the game (begin) when the center forward (fail) and (hurt) his leg.
8. What you (do) when I (call) you?
9. After Jim (play) computer games for about three hours, he (feel) tired.
10. Where you (be) when I (need) you? I (look) for you everywhere.
11. By the time he (be) fifteen he (try) several jobs. He (not like) any of them.
12. When Paul (live) in Berlin, he (spend) two hours a day traveling to and from
work.
13. Jean said that she still (cook) dinner when the guests (arrive).
14. Where he (live) before he (move) to Rome? - I don’t know. He never
(mention) the place when we (meet).
15. They (enjoy) French until a new teacher (come) to their class.

VII. Use the appropriate verb form to express a future action.

1. Before John (make) his decision, he certainly (get) in touch with you.
2. You (do) anything this evening? - Nothing special Why? - 1 (go) to see Jane.
You (join) me? -- With pleasure.
3. By the time you (arrive), I (collect) your suit from the cleaners’.
4. I (have) to contact Mr. Brent tomorrow morning. I hope I (clear up) all the
questions with him,
5. You know, Mum and Dad (come) round tonight. - I guess we (go) to have a
jolly family evening.
6. You (get) to the railway station by bus 30. It (not take) you long if the bus
(come) in time.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

7. Bob and I (stay) in Rome for a week by the time you (get) my letter.
Remember we (return) home shortly after Christmas.
8. Whoever (win) the election, nothing really (change), I'm sure.
9. At this time next week we (have) the time of our lives in the mountains. And
now we must consider how much luggage we (take) on the trip.
10. I hope this medicine (do) her good and she (recover) soon.
11. If you (have) any problems, let me know. I (do) my best to help you.
12. He has no idea when he finally (manage) to find what he is looking for.
13. The train (start) in a few minutes. Hurry up I
14. We (see) Ann next Monday. We (have) a music class. It (begin) at 11.30.
15. No matter how you (do) it, it (cost) a lot of money and effort.

VIII. Match the two parts.

1. I've forgotten most of German a. I am afraid I'll. get lost.


2. Somewhere in the distance a bell b. so she went outside to see who
rang was there.
3. I haven’t been here for some c. Yes, I am. 1 am studying French
years and Art.
4. She left home late one morning d. I'll drive you to the airport.
5. I'll be disappointed e. Oh, really? Have a good time.
6. You are not a student, are you? f. when he started, training again.
7. I am going on holiday next week. g . and he needs to give it a name.
8. Hardly had he recovered from the h. I learnt at school.
accident
9. Paul has just bought a yacht i. I’ll get on with something else.
10. She heard someone calling her j . if I don’t get the job.
name,
11. If you don’t find anyone else, k. and we haven’t seen her since.
12. While you are making dinner, l. and I decided to go in that
direction.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

BIBLIOGRAPHY

1. М аслыко E. A. и др. Настольная книга преподавателя иностранного


языка. Минск, 1996.
2. Akhand, D. Grammar Practice. University of Pittsburg Press, 1987.
3. Allen, W. S. Living English Structure. Longman, 1971.
4. Azar, B. Understanding and Using English Grammar. Prentice Hall Regents,
1987.
5. Celce-Murcia, M., Hilles, S. Techniques and Resources in Teaching
Grammar. Oxford University Press, 1988.
6. Close, R. A. A Reference Grammar for Students of English. M., 1979.
7. Gordon, E . M„, Krylova, I. P. A Grammar of Present-Day English. М., 1979.
8. Kaushanskaya, V. L. et al. A Grammar of the English Language. L., 1973.
9. Klippel, F. Keep Talking. Cambridge University Press, 1985.
10. K obrina, N.A. et ah An English Grammar. M.,1985.
11. Krutikov, Y. A. et ah Exercises in Modem English Grammar. M., 1960.
12. M urphy, R. English Grammar in Use. Cambridge University Press, 2006.
13. M urphy, R. Essential Grammar in Use. Cambridge University Press, 2006.
14. New Ways in Teaching G ram m ar. Edited by M. C. Pennington. TESOL,
Inc., 1995.
15. Q uirk, R. et al. A University Grammar of English. M., 1982.
16. Reznik, R.V. et a l. A Grammar of Modem English Usage. M., 1998.
17. Simkhovich, Y.A. English Grammar in Communication. Минск:
«Экоперспектива», 2001..
18. Swan, M. Practical English Usage. M., 1984.
19. Swan, M., W alter, C. How English Works. Oxford University Press, 1997.
20. Ur, P. Grammar Practice Activities. Cambridge University Press, 1988.
21. Vince, M., Advanced Language Practice. Oxford, Heinemann, 1994.
22. W erner, P. K. et ah Interactions II: A Communicative Grammar. McGraw-
Hill, Inc., 1990.

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English Tenses: Grammar Practice Activities

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preface ............................................................................................................ 4
1. Present Tenses.......................................................................... . 6
The Present S i m p l e ....................................................... 6
The Present Progressive ...................................................................... 15
The Present Perfect .............................................................................. 21
The Present Perfect Progressive ........................................................ 30
2. P ast Tenses ................................................................................................ 37
The Past Simple ................................................................................... 37
The Past Progressive ........................................................................... 46
The Past Perfect ................................................................................... 51
The Past Perfect Progressive .............................................................. 59
3. F uture Tenses ........................................................................................... 65
The Future Simple ............................................................................... 65
The Future Progressive ..................................................................... 72
The Future Perfect: Simple and Progressive ....................... 76
4. Test Yourself ............................................................................................ 79
5 . Bibliography ........................................................................................... 84

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