Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 214

61986a00.

fm Page i Thursday, May 6, 1999 3:35 PM

700 Series
1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111
Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ

:iiZjZlu#B<E

No. G-061986-00
<uimkd A
K_gly[jv#1998

4280 Hacienda Drive


Pleasanton, CA 94588-2719 USA

*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:33. Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ


61986a.book Page ii Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

..........................................................................
BgnhjfZpby#h[#Z\lhjkdbo#ijZ\Zo
&RS\ULJKW#4<<;#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#,QF1#(DV\1HE/#:73/#:93#b#:33#6HULHV#y\eyxlky#lh\Zjgufb#
agZdZfb#nbjfu#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#,QF1#<k_#ijZ\Z#aZsbs_gu1#:iiZjZlu#B<E#:33#6HULHV#
+\dexqZy#ZiiZjZlu#:73 b#:93 ,#ijhba\h^ylky#\#khhl\_lkl\bb#k#iZl_glh\Zgghc#bgnhjfZpbc#
nbjfu#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW/#aZsbs_gghc#iZl_glZfb#KR:#beb#bghkljZggufb#
w d\b\Ze_glZfb=#8/857/948>#8/873/555>#8/8<9/<;7>#8/965/5:3>#8/997/893#b#8/9:6/9;<1#
BgnhjfZpby/#kh^_j`ZsZyky#\#w lhf#jmdh\h^kl\_/#y\ey_lky#bkdexqbl_evghc#kh[kl\_gghklvx#
nbjfu#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#,QF1#b#g_#fh`_l#dhibjh\Zlvky#[_a#jZaj_r_gby1#Wlh#jmdh\h^kl\h#
fh`_l#[ulv#i_j_jZ[hlZgh#beb#aZf_g_gh#nbjfhc#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#,QF1#\#ex[h_#\j_fy#b#[_a#
m\_^hfe_gby1#<u#^he`gu#[ulv#m\_j_gu/#qlh#jZkiheZ]Z_l_#gZb[he__#kh\j_f_gghc#\_jkb_c#
^Zggh]h#jmdh\h^kl\Z1#?keb#\u#khfg_\Z_l_kv#\#w lhf/#lh#h[jZlbl_kv#\#hl^_e#l_ogbq_kdbo#
im[ebdZpbc#nbjfu#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#,QF1#G_kfhljy#gZ#lh/#qlh#ijb\_^_ggZy#gb`_#
bgnhjfZpby#y\ey_lky#^hklZlhqgh#lhqghc/#hgZ#g_#fh`_l#kem`blv#hkgh\Zgb_f#^ey#aZf_gu#
ijhn_kkbhgZevguo#j_r_gbc1
:iiZjZl#B<E#^he`_g#w dkiemZlbjh\Zlvky#b#h[kem`b\Zlvky#lhevdh##ki_pbZebklZfb1#
Bkdexqbl_evgZy#hl\_lkl\_gghklv#nbjfu#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#\#hlghr_gbb#ZiiZjZlZ#b#_]h#
bkihevah\Zgby#mklZgZ\eb\Z_lky#h]jZgbq_gghc#]ZjZglb_c1
GbdZdZy#qZklv#^Zggh]h#jmdh\h^kl\Z#gbdhbf#h[jZahf#g_#h]jZgbqb\Z_l#ijZ\h#nbjfu#1HOOFRU#
3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#[_a#m\_^hfe_gby#^hjZ[Zlu\Zlv/#baf_gylv#beb#fh^bnbpbjh\Zlv#h[hjm^h\Zgb_#
+b ijh]jZffgh_#h[_ki_q_gb_,/#hibkZggh_#\#^Zgghf#jmdh\h^kl\_1#Ijb#hlkmlkl\bb#ki_pbZevgh]h#
ibkvf_ggh]h#kh]eZr_gby#k#ihlj_[bl_e_f#nbjfZ#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#g_#bf__l#h[yaZl_evkl\#
^h\h^blv#ex[u_#bkijZ\e_gby/#baf_g_gby#beb#fh^bnbdZpbb#^h#k\_^_gby#\eZ^_evpZ#beb#
ihevah\Zl_ey#h[hjm^h\Zgby#+b#ijh]jZffgh]h#h[_ki_q_gby,/#hibkZggh]h#\#^Zgghf#jmdh\h^kl\_1

Dhff_glZjbb
GZk#bgl_j_km_l#\Zr_#fg_gb_#h#lhqghklb#b#ihe_aghklb#^Zggh]h#jmdh\h^kl\Z1#
>ey#lh]h/#qlh[u#]ZjZglbjh\Zlv/#qlh#\u#b#[m^msb_#ihevah\Zl_eb#[m^_l_#
bf_lv#jmdh\h^kl\h#kZfh]h#\ukr_]h#dZq_kl\Z/#ih`ZemcklZ/#\urebl_#\Zrb#
dhff_glZjbb#ih#ke_^mxs_fm#Z^j_km=
Nellcor Puritan Bennett Inc. Nellcor Puritan Bennett Europe BV
4280 Hacienda Drive Hambakenwetering I
Pleasanton, CA 94588-2719 5231 DD ’s-Hertogenbosch
USA The Netherlands
L_e_nhg=#+<58,#79607333 L_e_nhg=#.641:6197;8533
NZdk=#+<58,#79607753 NZdk=#.641:619743<48
(0PDLO=#WHFKSXEV#PNJ1FRP
........

ii
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page iii Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

..............................................................................
Hij_^_e_gby
>Zggh_#jmdh\h^kl\h#bkihevam_l#ljb#ki_pbZevguo#mdZaZl_ey#^ey#\u^_e_gby#
hkh[hc#bgnhjfZpbb=

Ij_^mij_`^_gb_

MdZau\Z_l#gZ#mkeh\b_/#dhlhjh_#fh`_l#m]jh`Zlv#iZpb_glm#beb#
hi_jZlhjm1

<gbfZgb_
MdZau\Z_l#gZ#mkeh\b_/#dhlhjh_#fh`_l#ih\j_^blv#h[hjm^h\Zgb_1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
MdZau\Z_l#gZ#fhf_glu/#dhlhju_#iha\heyxl#k^_eZlv#nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_#
\_glbeylhjZ#[he__#w nn_dlb\guf#beb#m^h[guf1

Ij_^mij_`^_gby#b#ijbf_qZgby
GZc^bl_#\j_fy/#qlh[u#hagZdhfblvky#k#ke_^mxsbfb#ij_^mij_`^_gbyfb/#lZd#
dZd#hgb#hlghkylky#d#ijZ\beZf#[_ahiZkghklb/#ki_pbZevguf#lj_[h\Zgbyf#ih#
m^h[kl\m#h[jZs_gby#b#bgkljmdpbyf#ih#bkihevah\Zgbx#ZiiZjZlh\#B<E#
k_jbb#:331

Ij_^mij_`^_gb_

Qlh[u#ba[_]Zlv#ihjZ`_gby#w e_dljbq_kdbf#lhdhf#ijb#h[kem`b\Zgbb#
ZiiZjZlZ/#m[_^bl_kv/#qlh#ZiiZjZl#iheghklvx#h[_klhq_g/#l1#_1#\k_#
bklhqgbdb#iblZgby#hlkh_^bg_gu#hl#ZiiZjZlZ#b#\k_#\udexqZl_eb#
iblZgby#\udexq_gu1#
........

iii
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page iv Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

..........................................................................
Ij_^mij_`^_gb_

Qlh[u#ba[_`Zlv#jbkdZ#\ha]hjZgby/#^_j`bl_#kibqdb/#aZ``_ggu_#
kb]Zj_lu#b#^jm]b_#bklhqgbdb#h]gy/#\dexqZy#h]g_hiZkgu_#
Zg_kl_abjmxsb_#\_s_kl\Z#b#gZ]j_\Zl_eb/#\^Zeb#hl#ZiiZjZlZ#b#
dbkehjh^guo#reZg]h\1#
G_#bkihevamcl_#baghr_ggu_/#h[lj_iZggu_#beb#aZ]jyag_ggu_#`bjZfb#
beb#fZkeZfb#dbkehjh^gu_#reZg]b1#+L_dklbev/#fZkeZ#b#^jm]b_#]hjxqb_#
\_s_kl\Z#e_]dh#\ha]hjZxlky#b#]hjyl#k#[hevrhc#bgl_gkb\ghklvx#\#
\ha^mo_/#h[h]Zs_gghf#dbkehjh^hf1,
<#kemqZ_#ih`ZjZ#beb#aZiZoZ#^ufZ#g_f_^e_ggh#hlkh_^bgbl_#ZiiZjZl#hl#
bklhqgbdZ#dbkehjh^Z#b#bklhqgbdZ#w e_dljbq_kdh]h#iblZgby1

Ij_^mij_`^_gb_

Dhgljhev#aZ#iZpb_glhf#gZ#`bag_h[_ki_qb\Zxs_f#h[hjm^h\Zgbb#
^he`_g#hkms_kl\eylvky#dhfi_l_glguf#f_^bpbgkdbf#i_jkhgZehf/#
Z lZd`_#k#ihfhsvx#bguo#dhgljhebjmxsbo#mkljhckl\1
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:33#g_#y\ey_lky#ijb[hjhf/#h[_ki_qb\Zxsbf#
iheguc#dhgljhev#aZ#khklhygb_f#[hevgh]h/#b#g_#fh`_l#\dexqZlv#kb]gZe#
lj_\h]b#ijb#jZaebqguo#hiZkguo#khklhygbyo#m##iZpb_glh\/#gZoh^ysboky#
gZ#`bag_h[_ki_qb\Zxs_f#h[hjm^h\Zgbb1

Ij_^mij_`^_gb_

I_jbh^bq_kdb#ijh\_jycl_#ZiiZjZl#\#khhl\_lkl\bb#k#bgkljmdpbyfb#
jmdh\h^kl\Z#ih#h[kem`b\Zgbx#b#g_#bkihevamcl_#_]h/#_keb#hg#
g_bkijZ\_g1#G_f_^e_ggh#aZf_gbl_#qZklb/#_keb#hgb#jZa[bebkv/#
ihl_jyebkv/#baghkbebkv/#bkdjb\ebkv#beb#aZ]jyagbebkv1

Ij_^mij_`^_gb_

Ijb#bkihevah\Zgbb#ZiiZjZlh\#B<E#k_jbb#:33#\k_]^Z#^he`_g#[ulv#
^hklmi_g#aZiZkghc#bklhqgbd#\_glbeypbb1
........

iv
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page v Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

..............................................................................
Ij_^mij_`^_gb_

>ey#h[_ki_q_gby#ijZ\bevgh]h#h[kem`b\Zgby#b#ij_^hl\jZs_gby#
ih\j_`^_gby#h[hjm^h\Zgby#h[kem`b\Zlv#ZiiZjZl#beb#ijhba\h^blv#_]h#
kZgdpbhgbjh\Zggu_#fh^bnbdZpbb#^he`_g#lhevdh#d\Zebnbpbjh\Zgguc#
i_jkhgZe
Ihevah\Zl_ev#w lh]h#mkljhckl\Z#g_k_l#bkdexqbl_evgmx#hl\_lkl\_gghklv#
aZ#ex[hc#k[hc/#dhlhjuc#ijhbkoh^bl#\#j_amevlZl_#h[kem`b\Zgby#beb#
jZ[hlu#k#ZiiZjZlhf#i_jkhgZeZ/#g_#ih^]hlh\e_ggh]h#nbjfhc#1HOOFRU#
3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW1

Ij_^mij_`^_gb_

I_j_^#l_f#dZd#ihevah\Zlvky#\_glbeylhjhf#g_h[oh^bfh#lsZl_evgh#
ijhqblZlv#^hdmf_gl#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ#^ey#ZiiZjZlh\#B<E#k_jbb#
:33#^ey#[he__#]em[hdh]h#ihgbfZgby#ijbgpbih\#_]h#jZ[hlu1

Ij_^mij_`^_gb_

I_j_^#\dexq_gb_f#dZdhc0eb[h#qZklb#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#ijh\_jycl_#
ijZ\bevghklv#__#nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgby#b/#_keb#g_[oh^bfh/#aZimkdZcl_#
dhjhldbc#\gmlj_ggbc#l_kl#+D<L,/#dZd#hibkZgh#\#^Zgghf#jmdh\h^kl\_1

<gbfZgb_
N_^_jZevguc#aZdhg#KR:#jZaj_rZ_l#ijh^Z`m#beb#aZdZa#w lh]h#
mkljhckl\Z#lhevdh#\jZqZf1

=ZjZglby#
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:33#]ZjZglbjh\Zg#hl#^_n_dlh\#ijhba\h^kl\_ggh]h#
oZjZdl_jZ#\#khhl\_lkl\bb#k#=ZjZglb_c#F_^bpbgkdh]h#H[hjm^h\Zgby#
+0HGLFDO#(TXLSPHQW#:DUUDQW\,#nbjfu#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#\#l_q_gb_#
h^gh]h#]h^Z#kh#^gy#ijh^Z`b1#>ey#h[_ki_q_gby#^_ckl\_gghklb#]ZjZglbb/#
khojZgbl_#aZibkv#h#l_ogbq_kdhf#h[kem`b\Zgbb1
........

v
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page vi Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

..........................................................................
=h^#\uimkdZ
=h^#\uimkdZ#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#k_jbb#:33#mdZau\Z_lky#iylhc#b#r_klhc#pbnjZfb#
k_jbcgh]h#ghf_jZ/#jZkiheh`_ggh]h#gZ#gb`g_f#djZ_#ebp_\hc#iZg_eb#
ZiiZjZlZ1

Ijhba\h^bl_ev
1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#,UHODQG#/WG1
0HUYXH/#*DOZD\
,UHODQG#+BjeZg^by,

We_dljhfZ]gblgZy#qm\kl\bl_evghklv
:iiZjZlu#B<E#k_jbb#:33#m^h\e_l\hjy_l#lj_[h\Zgbyf#,(&#9340405#
+klZg^Zjl#(0&,/#\dexqZy#lj_[h\Zgby#d#\hkijbbfqb\hklb#
w e_dljhfZ]gblgh]h#ihey#gZ#mjh\g_#43#<#gZ#4#f_lj#\#^bZiZahg_#qZklhl#hl#
59 0=p#^h#4#==p#b#(6'0lj_[h\Zgby#w lh]h#klZg^ZjlZ1#L_f#g_#f_g__/#^Z`_#gZ#
w lhf#mjh\g_#mklhcqb\hklb#hij_^_e_ggu_#mkljhckl\Z#i_j_^Zqb#+khlh\u_#
l_e_nhgu/#i_j_ghkgu_#jZpbb/#[_kijh\h^gu_#l_e_nhgu/#i_c^`_ju#b#l1i1,#
]_g_jbjmxl#jZ^bhqZklhlu/#dhlhju_#fh]ml#ij_j\Zlv#jZ[hlm#ZiiZjZlZ/#_keb#
w lb#mkljhckl\Z#jZkiheh`_gu#kebrdhf#[ebadh1#Ljm^gh#hij_^_eblv#fhf_gl/#
dh]^Z#kbeZ#ihey#hl#w lbo#mkljhckl\#klZgh\blky#qj_af_jghc1#<jZqb#^he`gu#
agZlv/#qlh#w fbkkby#jZ^bhqZklhl#kdeZ^u\Z_lky/#b#qlh#^ey#ba[_`Zgby#
ij_ju\Zgby#jZ[hlu#ZiiZjZl#B<E#^he`_g#[ulv#jZkiheh`_g#gZ#^hklZlhqghf#
jZkklhygbb#hl#i_j_^Zxsbo#mkljhckl\1#G_#bkihevamcl_#ZiiZjZl#B<E#lZf/#
]^_#gZoh^ylky#ijb[hju#k#\hafh`ghklvx#\hagbdgh\_gby#fZ]gblgh]h#
j_ahgZgkZ#+05,,1#<#]eZ\_#“Lj_\h]b#+Z\Zjbcgu_#ij_^mij_`^_gby,”#^Zggh]h#
jmdh\h^kl\Z#ijb\_^_gu#\hafh`gu_#lj_\h]b#ZiiZjZlZ#b#kihkh[u#
j_Z]bjh\Zgby#gZ#gbo1#<#kemqZ_#ij_ju\Zgby#nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgby#ZiiZjZlZ#
beb#i_j_^#i_j_f_s_gb_f#ex[h]h#h[hjm^h\Zgby#ih^^_j`Zgby#`bagb#
h[jZlbl_kv#d#\Zr_fm#[bhf_^bpbgkdhfm#bg`_g_jghfm#hl^_em1

H[kem`b\Zgb_#
Ih#\hijhkZf#^Zevg_cr_c#ih^^_j`db#h[jZsZcl_kv#d#j_]bhgZevghfm#
ij_^klZ\bl_ex#nbjfu#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW1
........

vi
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page vii Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Kh^_j`Zgb_ 4
.............................................................................
4 <\_^_gb_ 1-1
414 HibkZgb_#nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgby 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 4-6
415 Kbf\heu#b#yjeuqdb 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 4-<
416 DeZ\bZlmjZ #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 4-47
41614 G:KLJHCDB#<?GLBEYLHJ:1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 4-48
41615 >:GGU?#I:PB?GL:##1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 4-5:
41616 KL:LMK#<?GLBEYLHJ:# #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 4-66

5 GZkljhcdZ#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E 5-4
514 Ih^dexq_gb_#b#jZ[hlZ#\gmlj_gg_c#b#\g_rg_c#[ZlZj_c #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 5-5
515 Kh_^bg_gb_#k#bklhqgbdhf#iblZgby #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 5-9
516 Kh_^bg_gb_#k#bklhqgbdhf#dbkehjh^Z #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 5-;
517 FhglZ`#^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 5-43
518 MklZgh\dZ#dhee_dlhjZ#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 5-46
519 MklZgh\dZ#^_j`Zl_ey#dhglmjZ #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 5-47
51: MklZgh\dZ#m\eZ`gbl_ey1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 5-49
51; Bkihevah\Zgb_#l_e_`db1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 5-4:

6 Ih^]hlh\dZ#d#jZ[hl_ 6-4
614 <dexq_gb_#iblZgby#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 6-4
615 <u[hj#gZkljh_d#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 6-7
616 Ijhkfhlj#b#baf_g_gb_#gZkljh_d#lj_\h] #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 6-:
617 <oh^#b#\uoh^#ba#j_`bfZ#h`b^Zgby#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 6-;

7 KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#+l_klu#D<L#b#I<L,# 7-4
714 Dhjhldbc#\gmlj_ggbc#l_kl#+D<L, #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 7-6
715 Iheguc#\gmlj_ggbc#l_kl#+I<L, 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 7-46
........

YLL
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page viii Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Kh^_j`Zgb_
..........................................................................
8 Ihke_#aZimkdZ#\_glbeypbb 8-4
814 Baf_g_gb_#gZkljh_d=#djZldbc#h[ahj# #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1 8-4
81414 Baf_g_gb_#gZkljh_d 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1 8-4
81415 I_j_dexq_gb_#f_`^m#^uoZgbyfb#9&9/#3&9#b#369#1#1#1#1#1#1 8-5
81416 Baf_g_gb_#j_`bfZ 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1 8-6
815 Ijhkfhlj#b#baf_g_gb_#ij_^mij_`^_gbc=#djZldbc#h[ahj# #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1 8-6
816 J_]mebjh\dZ#iZjZf_ljh\#:IGHW# #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1 8-7
817 Ijhkfhlj#^Zgguo#iZpb_glZ# #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1 8-9
818 DeZ\brb#433(#25#b#JMQGHC#<>HO #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1 8-<
819 DeZ\brb#I:MA:#<U>HO:#b#I:MA:#<>HO:#+lhevdh#:93, 1#1#1#1#1#1 8-43

9 DeZ\brZ#F?GX 9-4
914 :dlb\gu_#lj_\h]b#+ij_^mij_`^_gby, 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1 9-8
915 :\lhk[jZku\Z_fu_#lj_\h]b 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1 9-9
916 L_klu#kZfh^bZ]ghklbdb 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1 9-:
917 GZkljhcdb#ihevah\Zl_ey##1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1 9-:
918 >Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1 9-<
919 J_`bf#h`b^Zgby# #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1 9-44
91: H#[ZlZj_yo#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1 9-45
91; <_jkby#IH#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1 9-45
91< K_j\bkgZy#k\h^dZ# 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1 9-45
9143 JZkiuebl_ev #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1 9-46

: 7j_\h]b#+Z\Zjbcgu_#ij_^mij_`^_gby, :-4
:14 :\lhk[jhk#ij_^mij_`^_gby#+Z\lhfZlbq_kdb#
k[jZku\Z_fu_#lj_\h]b, #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1 :-6
:15 IZmaZ#ij_^mij_`^_gby#+lj_\h]b, #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1 :-6
:16 K[jhk#ij_^mij_`^_gbc#+lj_\h], 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1 :-7
:17 Debgbq_kdb_#b#l_ogbq_kdb_#lj_\h]b #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1 :-8
........

YLLL
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page ix Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Kh^_j`Zgb_
..............................................................................
Ijbeh`_gb_#$ H[kem`b\Zgb_#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E# $-4
$14 HqbkldZ/#^_abgn_dpby#b#kl_jbebaZpby #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# $-5
$1414 HqbkldZ=#h[sb_#ijbgpbiu 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# $-8
$1415 >_abgn_dpby#b#kl_jbebaZpby 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# $-9
$15 IjhnbeZdlbdZ1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# $-:
$1514 ;Zdl_jbZevgu_#nbevlju#\^hoZ#b#\u^hoZ=#
_`_^g_\gh#beb#ih#g_h[oh^bfhklb# #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# $-<
$1515 Dhee_dlhj=#_`_^g_\gh#beb#ih#g_h[oh^bfhklb 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# $-43
$1516 <eZ]hk[hjgbdb=#_`_^g_\gh#beb#ih#g_h[oh^bfhklb##1#1#1#1#1#1# $-44
$1517 DZeb[jh\dZ#^ZlqbdZ#dbkehjh^Z=#ijb#g_h[oh^bfhklb# 1#1#1#1#1# $-44
$1518 Nbevlj#hoeZ`^Zxs_]h#\_glbeylhjZ=#
q_j_a#dZ`^u_#583#qZkh\#+beb#jZa#\#f_kyp,# 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# $-44
$1519 Nbevlj#\ha^mohaZ[hjgbdZ=#q_j_a#dZ`^u_#4333qZkh\#
+beb#ljb#f_kypZ#bkihevah\Zgby,# 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# $-45
$151: Ijh\_jdZ#[_ahiZkghklb=#dZ`^u_#5#]h^Z1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# $-46
$151; OjZg_gb_1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# $-47
$151< MiZdh\dZ 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# $-47

Ijbeh`_gb_#% Ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo#qZkl_c %-4

Ijbeh`_gb_#& Ki_pbnbdZpbb &-4


&14 Nbabq_kdZy#ki_pbnbdZpby#O #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# &-5
&15 Ki_pbnbdZpby#hdjm`Zxs_c#kj_^u# #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# &-6
&16 We_dljbq_kdZy#ki_pbnbdZpby##1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# &-6
&17 Ih^^_j`dZ#klZg^Zjlh\##1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# &-8
&18 L_ogbq_kdZy#ki_pbnbdZpby##1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# &-9

Ijbeh`_gb_#' IhklZ\dZ#^uoZgby '-4


'14 J_`bf#<KIHFH=:L?EVGU?#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# '-6
'15 J_`bf#KIHGL 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# '-7
'16 J_`bf#6,09# #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# '-7
'1614 KbgojhgbaZpby#^uoZgby 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# '-8

Ijbeh`_gb_#( L_klbjh\Zgb_#lj_\h] (-4

Ijbeh`_gb_#) Ig_\fZlbq_kdZy#ko_fZ# )-4

Ijbeh`_gb_#* =ehkkZjbc# *-4

Ij_^f_lguc#mdZaZl_ev
........

L[
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page x Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Kh^_j`Zgb_
..........................................................................
........

[
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page xi Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Jbkmgdb 5
.............................................................................
Jbk1#4-41 NmgdpbhgZevgZy#ko_fZ#jZ[hlu#ZiiZjZlZ#
B<E#k_jbb#:33#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 4-8
Jbk1#4-51 DeZ\bZlmjZ#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#:73 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 4-47
Jbk1#4-61 DeZ\bZlmjZ#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#:93 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 4-48

Jbk1#5-41 Ih^t_f#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 5-5


Jbk1#5-51 Bg^bdZlhj#aZjy^Z#\gmlj_gg_c#[ZlZj_b #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 5-6
Jbk1#5-61 Ih^dexq_gb_#\g_rg_c#[ZlZj_b#d#ZiiZjZlm#B<E 1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 5-8
Jbk1#5-71 Hldexq_gb_#\g_rg_c#[ZlZj_b #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 5-9
Jbk1#5-81 Ijbkh_^bg_gb_#rgmjZ#iblZgby#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 5-:
Jbk1#5-91 OjZg_gb_#rgmjZ#iblZgby#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 5-:
Jbk1#5-:1 Ih^kh_^bg_gb_#bklhqgbdZ#dbkehjh^Z#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 5-<
Jbk1#5-;1 FhglZ`#^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 5-45
Jbk1#5-<1 MklZgh\dZ#dhee_dlhjZ#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 5-46
Jbk1#5-431 MklZgh\dZ#^_j`Zl_ey#dhglmjZ #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 5-47
Jbk1#5-441 MdhjZqb\Zgb_#^_j`Zl_ey#dhglmjZ #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 5-48
Jbk1#5-451 MklZgh\dZ#m\eZ`gbl_ey##1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 5-49
Jbk1#5-461 ;ehdbjh\dZ#b#jZa[ehdbjh\dZ#i_j_^gbo#dhe_k#l_e_`db#1#1# 5-4:

Jbk1#6-41 MklZgh\dZ#lmf[e_jZ#iblZgby#\#ihabpbx#
Ä,³#+\dexq_gh, #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 6-5

Jbk1#8-41 Ijhkfhlj#^Zgguo#iZpb_glZ #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 8-:


Jbk1#8-51 =jZnbq_kdbc#bg^bdZlhj#h[t_fZ#+lhevdh#:93,1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 8-;

Jbk1#9-41 Bkihevah\Zgb_#nmgdpbb#f_gx#:dlb\gu_#ij_^mij1#
^ey#ijhkfhljZ#Zdlb\guo#lj_\h] 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 9-8
Jbk1#9-51 Bkihevah\Zgb_#nmgdpbb#f_gx#:\lhk[jhk#ij_^mij1#
^ey#ijhkfhljZ#Z\lhk[jZku\Z_fuo#lj_\h]#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 9-9

Jbk1#:-41 Ijhkfhlj#Zdlb\guo#lj_\h] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2

Jbk1#$-41 MklZgh\dZ2m^Ze_gb_#dhee_dlhjD##1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# $-43


Jbk1#$-51 DjurdZ#hoeZ`^Zxs_]h#\_glbeylhjZ1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# $-45
Jbk1#$-61 Nbevlj#\ha^mohaZ[hjgbdZ 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# $-46

Jbk1#%-41 IjbgZ^e_`ghklb#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# %-<


........

[L
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page xii Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Jbkmgdb
..........................................................................
Jbk1#&-41 J_dhf_g^m_fZy#dhgnb]mjZpby#^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ#1#1#1 &-<

Jbk1#'-41 NhjfZ#djb\hc#ihlhdZ 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1 '-5


Jbk1#'-51 <j_f_ggu_#bgl_j\Zeu#^uoZgby#6,09 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1 '-8
Jbk1#'-61 Bgl_j\Zeu#kbgojhgbaZpbb#^uoZgby#k#mkbeb_f#
iZpb_glZ1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1 '-8
Jbk1#'-71 KihglZggh_#^uoZgb_#\#l_q_gb_#j_`bfZ#6,09 #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1 '-8
Jbk1#'-81 Ijbgm^bl_evgh_#^uoZgb_#\#l_q_gb_#j_`bfZ#6,09 #1#1#1#1#1 '-9
Jbk1#'-91 Jmqghc#\^ho#\#l_q_gb_#j_`bfZ#6,091#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1 '-9
........

[LL
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page xiii Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

LZ[ebpu 6
.............................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#4-4= J_`bfu#b#lbiu#^uoZgby/#^hklmigu_#
\#ZiiZjZlZo#B<E#:732:931#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 4-5
LZ[ebpZ#4-5= Baf_g_gb_#\#l_dmsbo#gZkljhcdZo#\#j_`bf_
\_glbeypbb#hddexabb1 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 4-;
LZ[ebpZ#4-6= DeZ\bZlmjZ1#G:KLJHCDB#<?GLBEYLHJ: 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 4-4:
LZ[ebpZ#4-7= DeZ\bZlmjZ1#>:GGU?#I:PB?GL: 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 4-5:
LZ[ebpZ#4-8= DeZ\bZlmjZ1#KL:LMK#<?GLBEYLHJ: 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 4-66

LZ[ebpZ#7-4= L_klu#kZfh^bZ]ghklbdb#ZiiZjZlh\#B<E#k_jbb#:33#1#1#1# 7-5


LZ[ebpZ#7-5= Ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv#l_klh\#D<L 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 7-<
LZ[ebpZ#7-6= J_amevlZlu#D<L 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 7-45
LZ[ebpZ#7-7= G_h[oh^bfh_#h[hjm^h\Zgb_#^ey#I<L# #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 7-46
LZ[ebpZ#7-8= Khh[s_gby#l_klZ#I<L 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 7-47
LZ[ebpZ#7-9= Ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv#l_klh\#I<L 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 7-4:
LZ[ebpZ#7-:= Nmgdpbb#deZ\br#\h#\j_fy#I<L 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 7-56
LZ[ebpZ#7-;= Ih^kdZadb#\h#\j_fy#I<L #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 7-57
LZ[ebpZ#7-<= J_amevlZlu#I<L 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 7-59

LZ[ebpZ#8-4= >hklmigu_#lbiu#^uoZgby#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 8-5

LZ[ebpZ#9-4= Nmgdpbb#f_gx 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# 9-6

LZ[ebpZ#:-4= Debgbq_kdb_#lj_\h]b #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# :-8


LZ[ebpZ#:-5= L_ogbq_kdb_#lj_\h]b . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-13

LZ[ebpZ#$-4= HqbkldZ/#^_abgn_dpby#b#kl_jbebaZpby 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# $-6


LZ[ebpZ#$-5= I_jbh^bqghklv#ijh\_^_gby#ijhnbeZdlbdb #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# $-;

LZ[ebpZ#%-4= Dhfie_dlmxsb_#qZklb#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# %-5

LZ[ebpZ#&-4= Nbabq_kdZy#ki_pbnbdZpby 1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# &-5


LZ[ebpZ#&-5= Ki_pbnbdZpby#hdjm`Zxs_c#kj_^u #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# &-6
LZ[ebpZ#&-6= We_dljbq_kdZy#ki_pbnbdZpby #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# &-6
LZ[ebpZ#&-7= Ih^^_j`dZ#klZg^Zjlh\ #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# &-8
LZ[ebpZ#&-8= L_ogbq_kdZy#ki_pbnbdZpby #1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1#1# &-9
........

[LLL
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page xiv Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

LZ[ebpu
..........................................................................
........

[LY
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 1 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

=eZ\Z
<\_^_gb_ 1 1
.............................................................................
:iiZjZlu#B<E#k_jbb#:33#+\dexqZy#ZiiZjZlu#B<E#:73#b#:93,#h[_ki_qb\Zxl#
j_kibjZlhjgmx#ih^^_j`dm#dZd#^ey#\ajhkeuo#iZpb_glh\/#lZd#b#^ey#^_l_c#\#
rbjhdhf#^bZiZahg_#debgbq_kdbo#mkeh\bc1#L_ogbdZ#kf_rb\Zgby/#bkihevam_fZy#
\#^Zgghf#ZiiZjZl_/#iha\hey_l#ijbf_gylv#_]h#^ey#\_glbeypbb#djblbq_kdbo#
iZpb_glh\#k#baf_gy_fufb#dhgp_gljZpbyfb#dbkehjh^Z#[_a#bkihevah\Zgby#
kf_kbl_ey/#dhfij_kkhjZ#beb#gZkl_gghc#jZa\h^db#k`Zluo#]Zah\1
:iiZjZlu#B<E#k_jbb#:33#fh]ml#jZ[hlZlv#hl#k_lb#i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ#
beb hl Zddmfmeylhjguo#[ZlZj_c1#DZ`^uc#ZiiZjZl#\dexqZ_l#^\Z#
fbdjhdhgljhee_jZ=#h^bg#^ey#ih^^_j`db#^uoZgby#+mijZ\ey_l#\_glbeypb_c,/#
Z#\lhjhc#^ey#h[_ki_q_gby#bgl_jn_ckZ#k#ihevah\Zl_e_f#+ihdZau\Z_l#
khklhygb_#ZiiZjZlZ#b#^Zggu_#iZpb_glZ,1#LZdbf#h[jZahf/#bkihevah\Zgb_#
^\mo#g_aZ\bkbfuo#fbdjhdhgljhee_jh\#ij_^hojZgy_l#hl#h^gh\j_f_ggh]h#
\uoh^Z#ba#kljhy#kbkl_fu#mijZ\e_gby#b#kbkl_fu#dhgljhey1
:iiZjZlu#B<E#k_jbb#:33#ih^^_j`b\Z_l#ijbgm^bl_evgh_#beb#kihglZggh_#
^uoZgb_#ijb#ihfhsb#ihjrg_\hc#ig_\fZlbq_kdhc#kbkl_fu1#<#lZ[e1 4-4#
ijb\_^_gu#j_`bfu#b#lbiu#^uoZgby/#dhlhju_#h[_ki_qb\Zxl#ZiiZjZlu#B<E#
:73#b#:931#Ijbgm^bl_evgh_#^uoZgb_#fh`_l#[ulv#\_glbeypb_c#k#dhgljhe_f#
ih#h[t_fm#+9&9#0#YROXPH#FRQWURO#YHQWLODWLRQ/#^hklmigh#gZ#:73#b#:93,#beb#
\_glbeypb_c#k#dhgljhe_f#ih#^Z\e_gbx#+3&9#0#SUHVVXUH#FRQWURO#YHQWLODWLRQ/#
^hklmigh#gZ#:93,1#<_glbeypby#k#dhgljhe_f#ih#h[t_fm#ihklZ\ey_l#iZpb_glm#
^uoZgb_#k#aZ^Zggufb#^uoZl_evguf#h[t_fhf/#ibdh\uf#ihlhdhf/#nhjfhc#
djb\hc#b#dhgp_gljZpb_c#dbkehjh^Z#ijb#fbgbfZevghc#qZklhl_#^uoZgby1#
<_glbeypby#k#dhgljhe_f#ih#^Z\e_gbx#ihklZ\ey_l#iZpb_glm#^uoZgb_#k#
aZ^Zggufb#^Z\e_gb_f#\^hoZ/#khhlghr_gb_f#\^ho=\u^ho#beb#\j_f_g_f#
\^hoZ/#\j_f_gguf#nZdlhjhf#jhklZ#+dZd#[ukljh#^Z\e_gb_#\^hoZ#ih\urZ_lky#
^h#^hklb`_gby#aZ^Zggh]h#^Z\e_gby#\^hoZ,#b#dhgp_gljZpb_c#dbkehjh^Z#ijb#
fbgbfZevghc#qZklhl_#^uoZgby1
KihglZggh_#^uoZgb_#^himkdZ_l#ihlhd#\^hoZ#iZpb_glZ#^h#633 e2fbg#k#beb#
[_a#\_glbeypbb#k#ih^^_j`dhc#^Z\e_gb_f#+369#0#SUHVVXUH#VXSSRUW#YHQWLODWLRQ,1#
<#ZiiZjZl_#B<E#:93#fh`gh#mklZgh\blv#\j_f_gghc#nZdlhj#jhklZ#b#
qm\kl\bl_evghklv#ihlhdZ#\u^hoZ#+lhqdm/#\#dhlhjhc#ZiiZjZl#B<E#i_j_oh^bl#
hl#\^hoZ#d#\u^hom,#ijb#\_glbeypbb1
:iiZjZl#B<E#gZqbgZ_l#\_glbeypbx#Zighw /#_keb#\#l_q_gb_#aZ^Zggh]h#
530k_dmg^gh]h#bgl_j\ZeZ#Zighw #g_#ijhbkoh^bl#\^hoZ/#bgbpbbjh\Zggh]h#
iZpb_glhf#beb#hi_jZlhjhf1#
........

1-1
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 2 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

1 <\_^_gb_
..........................................................................
<_glbeypby#:IGHW#Zdlb\gZ#lhevdh#\#j_`bf_#KIHGL1#<#ZiiZjZl_#B<E#
:73#ijb#\_glbeypbb#:IGHW#^hklmigZ#lhevdh#\_glbeypby#k#dhgljhe_f#ih#
h[t_fm#9&91#<#ZiiZjZl_#B<E#:93#ijb#\_glbeypbb#:IGHW#^hklmigu#
\_glbeypby#k#dhgljhe_f#ih#h[t_fm#9&9#b#ih#^Z\e_gbx#3&91
<#ZiiZjZl_#B<E#:93#lZd`_#bf__lky#\hafh`ghklv#\uihegylv#jZkq_lu#f_oZgbdb#
^uoZgby#b#j_kibjZlhjgu_#fZg_\ju#k#ihfhsvx#ki_pbZevguo#deZ\br#I:MA:#
<U>HO:#+qlh[u#\uqbkeblv#Z\lh03((3,#b#I:MA:#<>HO:#+qlh[u#\uqbkeblv#
khijhlb\e_gb_#^uoZl_evguo#iml_c#b#dhfieZcgk#iZpb_glZ,1

LZ[ebpZ#4-4=#J_`bfu#b#lbiu#^uoZgby/#^hklmigu_#
\#ZiiZjZlZo#B<E#:732:93

:iiZlZj#B<E# :iiZlZj#B<E#
J_`bf2Lbi#^uoZgby
:73 :93

<_glbeypby#k#dhgljhe_f#ih#h[t_fm# • •
9&9#+lbi#^uoZgby,#

<_glbeypby#k#dhgljhe_f#ih#^Z\e_gbx# •
3&9#+lbi#^uoZgby,

<_glbeypby#k#ih^^_j`dhc#^Z\e_gb_f# • •
369#+gZkljhcdZ#ih^^_j`db#^Z\e_gb_f,#

<_glbeypby#k#ih^^_j`dhc#^Z\e_gb_f# •
369#+gZkljhcdb#\j_f_ggh]h#nZdlhjZ#
jhklZ#b#qm\kl\bl_evghklb#\u^hoZ,

J_`bf#6,09 • •

<_glbeypby#:GHW# • •
+lbi#^uoZgby#9&9,

<_glbeypby#:GHW#+\u[jZlv#lbi# •
^uoZgby#9&9#beb#3&9,

F_oZgbdZ#^uoZgby#+I:MA:#<U>HO:# •
b#I:MA:#<>HO:,

>Zggh_#jmdh\h^kl\h#kh^_j`bl#bgnhjfZpbx#h#lhf/#dZd#bkihevah\Zlv#b#
ih^^_j`b\Zlv#\#jZ[hq_f#khklhygbb#ZiiZjZlu#B<E#k_jbb#:331#NbjfZ#
1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#j_dhf_g^m_l#hagZdhfblvky#k#^Zgguf#jmdh\h^kl\hf#b#
ijbeZ]Z_fufb#d#ijb[hjm#yjeuqdZfb/#ij_`^_#q_f#\u#ihiulZ_l_kv#
bkihevah\Zlv#beb#h[kem`b\Zlv#ZiiZjZl1#
........

1-2
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 3 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

<\_^_gb_ 1
..............................................................................
?keb#\Zf#g_h[oh^bfu#^hihegbl_evgu_#dhibb#^Zggh]h#jmdh\h^kl\Z/#
h[jZlbl_kv#d#ij_^klZ\bl_ex#nbjfu#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHW1
>ey#h[_ki_q_gby#hilbfZevgh]h#nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgby#ZiiZjZlh\#B<E#
k_jbb :33#nbjfZ#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHW#j_dhf_g^m_l/#qlh[u#i_jbh^bq_kdmx#
ijhnbeZdlbdm#\uihegye#d\Zebnbpbjh\Zgguc#k_j\bkguc#ki_pbZebkl1#
AZ ^hihegbl_evghc#bgnhjfZpb_c#h[jZsZcl_kv#d#ij_^klZ\bl_ex#nbjfu#
1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW1

414##HibkZgb_#nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgby
Hi_jZlhj#\\h^bl#\#ZiiZjZl#dhfZg^u#b#^Zggu_#k#ihfhsvx#deZ\bZlmju#b#
i_j_dexqZl_ey#+jbk1#4-41,1#Fbdjhdhgljhee_j#bgl_jn_ckZ#h[jZ[Zlu\Z_l#w lm#
bgnhjfZpbx#b#ihf_sZ_l#__#\#iZfylv#ZiiZjZlZ1#Fbdjhdhgljhee_j#
ih^^_j`db#^uoZgby#bkihevam_l#w lm#bgnhjfZpbx#^ey#mijZ\e_gby#b#
dhgljhey#aZ#ihlhdhf#\ha^moZ/#gZijZ\ey_fh]h#d#iZpb_glm#b#hl#g_]h1
>ey#hij_^_e_gby#^uoZl_evguo#mkbebc#iZpb_glZ#\#ZiiZjZlZo#B<E#k_jbb#:33#
bkihevam_lky#ihlhdh\uc#ljb]]_j1#Ljb]]_j#ke_^bl#aZ#ihlhdhf/#kha^Z\Z_fuf#
ihjrg_f#\h#\j_fy#\u^hoZ1#Ijb#\^ho_#^Z\e_gb_#\#dhglmj_#iZpb_glZ#
g_kdhevdh#kgb`Z_lky#hlghkbl_evgh#dhg_qgh]h#^Z\e_gby#gZ#\u^ho_#
+^Z\e_gby#3((3,1#<#lh#`_#\j_fy#ihjr_gv/#i_j_f_sZykv#\i_j_^/#gZijZ\ey_l#
ihlhd#\#^uoZl_evguc#dhglmj#ZiiZjZlZ#b#ih^^_j`b\Z_l#aZ^Zgguc#mjh\_gv#
3((32&3$31#Mjh\_gv#w lh]h#ihlhdZ#aZ\bkbl#hl#^uoZl_evguo#mkbebc#
iZpb_glZ1#?keb#mjh\_gv#w lh]h#ihlhdZ#ij_\urZ_l#mklZgh\e_gguc#
hi_jZlhjhf#mjh\_gv/#kjZ[Zlu\Z_l#ljb]]_j#b#ZiiZjZl#i_j_dexqZ_lky1#
Dhgkljmdlb\gh#ZiiZjZl#\uiheg_g#lZd/#qlh#hg#iulZ_lky#ih^^_j`b\Zlv#
^Z\e_gb_#3((3#^Z`_#ijb#gZebqbb#ml_qdb#dhglmjZ1#Ihkdhevdm#^ey#
dhfi_gkZpbb#ihl_jb#^Z\e_gby#\ke_^kl\b_#ml_qdb#ihjr_gv#m\_ebqb\Z_l#
ihlhd/#g_h[oh^bfh#m\_ebqb\Zlv#mjh\_gv#ihlhdZ#ljb]]_jZ/#kgb`Zy#l_f#
kZfuf#qm\kl\bl_evghklv#ljb]]_jZ/#qlh[u#ba[_`Zlv#Z\lhaZpbdeb\Zgby1
<h#\j_fy#\u^hoZ#ihjr_gv#ZiiZjZl#\ly]b\Z_l#\ha^mo#b#\#pbebg^j_#
kf_rb\Z_l#_]h#k#dbkehjh^hf1#:iiZjZl#B<E#bkihevam_l#dhfgZlguc#\ha^mo>#
w lh#hagZqZ_l/#qlh#hg#fh`_l#jZ[hlZlv#[_a#dhfij_kkhjZ#beb#gZkl_gghc#
jZa\h^db#k`Zluo#]Zah\1#DhfgZlguc#\ha^mo#ihklmiZ_l#g_ihkj_^kl\_ggh#
\gmljv#dhjimkZ#ZiiZjZlZ#b#d#khe_ghb^m#q_j_a#kf_gguc#aZsblguc#nbevlj#
\ha^mohaZ[hjgbdZ#ijb#Zlfhkn_jghf#^Z\e_gbb1#Wlhl#nbevlj#aZ^_j`b\Z_l#
i_j_ghkbfu_#ih#\ha^mom#bghjh^gu_#qZklbpu1
........

1-3
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 4 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

1 <\_^_gb_
..........................................................................
Dbkehjh^#ba#[ZeehgZ#beb#kl_gghc#fZ]bkljZeb#ihklmiZ_l#\#ZiiZjZl#q_j_a#
reZg]#b#dbkehjh^guc#nblbg]#+^hklmigu#jZaebqgu_#\b^u#nblbg]h\,1#
<gmljb#ZiiZjZl#ijhbkoh^bl#kgb`_gb_#^Z\e_gby#dbkehjh^Z#^h#jZ[hq_]h#
agZq_gby#ZiiZjZlZ/#aZl_f#dbkehjh^#kf_rb\Z_lky#k#\ha^mohf#\#khhl\_lkl\bb#
k#mdZaZgghc#hi_jZlhjhf#\_ebqbghc#( 251
I_j_dexqZxsZy#ihlhd#kbkl_fZ#ihjr_gv2pbebg^j#b#dhgljhee_j#^\b]Zl_ey#
h[_ki_qb\Zxl#mijZ\e_gb_#ihlhdhf#\ha^moZ#d#iZpb_glm1#<#ZiiZjZl_#B<E#
:93#ijb#3&9#beb#369#kdhjhklv#ihlhdZ#lZd`_#hij_^_ey_lky#k#ihfhsvx#
aZ^Zggh]h#\j_f_ggh]h#nZdlhjZ#jhklZ1#WlZ#kbkl_fZ#bf__l#k\_jofZeuc#aZahj#
f_`^m#ihjrg_f#b#kl_gdZfb#pbebg^jZ#+lhesbghc#\#lhgdbc#ebkl#[mfZ]b,1#
LZdh_#dhgkljmdlb\gh_#j_r_gb_#mkljZgy_l#lj_gb_#f_`^m#ihjrg_f#b#
pbebg^jhf/#iha\heyy#ZiiZjZlm#j_Z]bjh\Zlv#[he__#[ukljh/#q_f#
Ä]_jf_lbqgZy³#kbkl_fZ1
G_[hevrh_#dhebqgkl\h#]ZaZ#ijhkZqb\Z_lky#q_j_a#aZahj#f_`^m#ihjrg_f#b#
pbebg^jhf1#WlZ#ml_qdZ#mqblu\Z_lky#ijh]jZffguf#h[_ki_q_gb_f#ZiiZjZlZ#
B<E#b#dhfi_gkbjm_lky#ijb#^\b`_gbb#ihjrgy1#
Ihjr_gv#ihklZ\ey_l#kf_kv#\ha^moZ#b#dbkehjh^Z#q_j_a#ljm[hijh\h^#\^hoZ#d#
iZpb_glm1#Dhgp_gljZpby#dbkehjh^Z#b#l_fi_jZlmjZ#ihklZ\ey_fh]h#]ZaZ#
dhgljhebjmxlky#ijb#ihfhsb#]Zev\Zgbq_kdh]h#^ZlqbdZ#dbkehjh^Z#b#
l_jfbklhjZ1#=Zev\Zgbq_kdbc#^Zlqbd#]_g_jbjm_l#gZijy`_gb_/#
ijhihjpbhgZevgh_#iZjpbZevghfm#^Z\e_gbx#dbkehjh^Z/#ba#dhlhjh]h#
jZkkqblu\Z_lky#dhgp_gljZpbb#dbkehjh^Z1#?keb#dhgljhebjm_fZy#
dhgp_gljZpby#dbkehjh^Z#hlebqZ_lky#hl#mklZgh\e_ggh]h#mjh\gy#( 25#[he__#
q_f#gZ#43#(/#ZiiZjZl#bgbpbbjm_l#lj_\h]m1#Ljm[hijh\h^#\^hoZ#lZd`_#
\dexqZ_l#\#k_[y#deZiZg#[_ahiZkghklb#^ey#kgb`_gby#ijb#g_h[oh^bfhklb#
^Z\e_gby#\#^uoZl_evguo#imlyo#iZpb_glZ#+gZijbf_j/#_keb#^uoZl_evguc#
dhglmj#i_j_djmq_g#beb#aZdmihj_g,1
Kbkl_fZ#iZpb_glZ#\dexqZ_l#\g_rgb_#ijbgZ^e_`ghklb#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E/#
dhlhju_#h[_ki_qb\Zxl#ijhoh`^_gb_#]ZaZ#f_`^m#ZiiZjZlhf#b#iZpb_glhf1#D#
w lbf#ijbgZ^e_`ghklyf#hlghkylky#nbevlj#\^hoZ#+aZsbsZ_l#hl#aZ]jyag_gby#
fZ]bkljZev#f_`^m#iZpb_glhf#b#ZiiZjZlhf,/#m\eZ`gyxs__#mkljhckl\h/#
^uoZl_evguc#dhglmj#+dhglmj/#q_j_a#dhlhjuc#ih^Z_lky#]Za,/#dhee_dlhj#
+aZsbsZ_l#kbkl_fm#\u^hoZ#hl#\eZ`ghklb#\#\u^uoZ_fhf#]Za_#b#fh`_l#
hihjh`gylvky#[_a#gZjmr_gby#^Z\e_gby#J??J#dhglmjZ,#b#nbevlj#\u^hoZ#
+g_ iha\hey_l#[Zdl_jbyf#ba#\u^uoZ_fh]h#iZpb_glhf#]ZaZ#ihiZ^Zlv#\#
dhfgZlguc#\ha^mo#beb#\gmljv#ZiiZjZlZ,1
........

1-4
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 5 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

<\_^_gb_ 1
..............................................................................

- +

740 Ventilator

DeZ\bZlmjZ

J_]meylhj

Dbkehjh^#
Kbkl_fZ#ih^Zqb#
]ZaZ
Kbkl_fZ Nbevlj Dhfg.\ha^mo
ihjr_gv2pbebg^j
Ljm[hijh\h^#
\^hoZ

Kbkl_fZ#<u^ho2#
3((32&3$3
Nbevlj#\^hoZ

Nbevlj#
\u^hoZ

M\eZ`gyxs__#
mkljhckl\h
Dhee_dlhj

>uoZl_evguc#dhglmj#
ZiiZjZlZ#+ebgby#\^hoZ,

IZpb_gl
>uoZl_evguc#dhglmj#
ZiiZjZlZ#+ebgby#\u^hoZ,
7-00017

Jbk1#4-41##NmgdpbhgZevgZy#ko_fZ#jZ[hlu#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#k_jbb#:33
........

1-5
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 6 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

1 <\_^_gb_
..........................................................................
Ih^h]j_\Z_fZy#kbkl_fZ#\u^hoZ#ke_^bl#aZ#ihlhdhf#\u^uoZ_fh]h#iZpb_glhf#
]ZaZ/#bkihevamy#^bnn_j_gpbZevguc#^Zlqbd#^Z\e_gby1#IZpb_gl#\u^uoZ_l#
q_j_a#deZiZg#\u^hoZ1#<#l_q_gb_#\u^hoZ#kbkl_fZ#3((32&3$3#ih^^_j`b\Z_l#
\u[jZggh_#hi_jZlhjhf#^Z\e_gb_#\#^uoZl_evghf#dhglmj_1
<#l_q_gb_#j_kibjZlhjgh]h#pbdeZ#^Zlqbdb#^Z\e_gby#dhgljhebjmxl#^Z\e_gb_#
\^hoZ/#^Z\e_gb_#\u^hoZ#b#Zlfhkn_jgh_#^Z\e_gb_1#LZd`_#dhgljhebjm_lky#
l_fi_jZlmjZ#ig_\fZlbq_kdhc#qZklb#b#\^uoZ_fh]h#]ZaZ1#BgnhjfZpby#k#w lbo#
^Zlqbdh\#g_ij_ju\gh#bkihevam_lky#^ey#dhjj_dpbb#ijhp_kkZ#\_glbeypbb1#
+>bZ]jZffZ#ig_\fZlbq_kdhc#kbkl_fu#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#b#^uoZl_evgh]h#
dhglmjZ#ijb\_^_gZ#\#ijbe1 ),1
IblZgb_#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#hkms_kl\ey_lky#hl#klZg^Zjlghc#k_lb#i_j_f_ggh]h#
lhdZ#beb#Zddmfmeylhjghc#[ZlZj_b1#;ehd#iblZgby#aZsbs_g#hl#ij_\ur_gby#
gZijy`_gby/#l_fi_jZlmju#beb#lhdZ1#>_j`Zl_ev#rgmjZ#iblZgby#
ij_^hojZgy_l#rgmj#hl#kemqZcgh]h#jZat_^bg_gby1
:iiZjZl#B<E#bf__l#\gmlj_ggxx#[ZlZj_x#b#^hihegbl_evgh#fh`_l#[ulv#
hkgZs_g#\g_rg_c1#<#aZ\bkbfhklb#hl#gZkljh_d#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#j_a_j\gZy#
[ZlZj_y#iblZgby#fh`_l#h[_ki_qblv#^h#5/8#qZkh\#jZ[hlu#ijb#bkihevah\Zgbb#
\gmlj_gg_c#[ZlZj_b#b#^h#:#qZkh\#ijb#bkihevah\Zgbb#\g_rg_c#[ZlZj_b1#H[_#
[ZlZj_b#i_j_aZjy`Zxlky#\#ijhp_kk_#iblZgby#ZiiZjZlZ#hl#k_lb#i_j_f_ggh]h#
lhdZ1#?keb#mklZgh\e_gu#h[_#[ZlZj_b/#lh#ijb#hldexq_gbb#k_l_\h]h#iblZgby#
kgZqZeZ#bkihevam_lky#\g_rgyy#[ZlZj_y1#?keb#\g_rgyy#[ZlZj_y#jZajy`_gZ#
beb#g_#mklZgh\e_gZ/#ijb#hldexq_gbb#k_l_\h]h#iblZgby#bkihevam_lky#
\gmlj_ggyy#[ZlZj_y1#Lbi#bklhqgbdZ#iblZgby#b#mjh\_gv#aZjy^Z#\gmlj_gg_c#
[ZlZj_b#ihklhyggh#bg^bpbjmxlky#gZ#deZ\bZlmj_1
Djblbq_kdb_#j_`bfu1#:iiZjZl#hij_^_ey_l#mkeh\b_#g_\hafh`ghklb#
nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgby#+<?GLBEYLHJ#G?BKIJ:<?G,#ijb#ZiiZjZlghf#k[h_#
beb#djblbq_kdhc#hrb[d_#ijh]jZffgh]h#h[_ki_q_gby/#dhlhjZy#fh`_l#
\ua\Zlv#kgb`_gb_#[_ahiZkghklb#^Zevg_cr_c#\_glbeypbb1#<#lZdhf#kemqZ_#
aZ]hjZ_lky#bg^bdZlhj#<?GLBEYLHJ#G?BKIJ:<?G#b#ZiiZjZl#\oh^bl#\#
khklhygb_#ÄdeZiZg#[_ahiZkghklb#hldjul”#+khklhygb_#692,1#>ey#
mkljZg_gby#djblbq_kdh]h#j_`bfZ#ZiiZjZl#B<E#g_h[oh^bfh#\udexqblv/#
aZl_f#\dexqblv#_]h#kgh\Z1#Ijb#\dexq_gbb#hi_jZlhj#^he`_g#\uihegblv#
iheguc#\gmlj_ggbc#l_kl#+I<L,1#:iiZjZl#^he`_g#ijhclb#I<L/#ij_`^_#q_f#
ghjfZevgZy#\_glbeypby#fh`_l#[ulv#\hah[gh\e_gZ1
........

1-6
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 7 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

<\_^_gb_ 1
..............................................................................
DeZiZg#[_ahiZkghklb#iha\hey_l#iZpb_glm#^urZlv#dhfgZlguf#\ha^mohf#[_a#
bkdmkkl\_gghc#\_glbeypbb/#dh]^Z#ZiiZjZl#B<E#gZoh^blky#\#khklhygbb#
ÄdeZiZg#[_ahiZkghklb#hldjul³1#:iiZjZl#hklZ_lky#\#w lhf#khklhygbb#^h#l_o#
ihj/#ihdZ#kZfhl_kl#3267#g_#ijh\_jbl#^h#dhgpZ/#ijb_fe_fu#eb#mjh\gb#
gZijy`_gby#\#ZiiZjZl_/#ijZ\bevghklv#nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgby#dhgljhee_jZ#
^\b]Zl_ey#b#fbdjhdhgljhee_jh\/#b#ihdZ#hi_jZlhj#g_#ih^l\_j^bl#gZkljhcdb1
?keb#ZiiZjZl#B<E#\oh^bl#\#khklhygb_#ÄdeZiZg#[_ahiZkghklb#hldjul³#b#
kZfhl_kl#3267#g_#\uihegy_lky/#aZ]hjZ_lky#bg^bdZlhj#DE:I:G#;?AHI:K
GHKLB#HLDJUL#b#a\mqbl#kb]gZe#\ukhdhijbhjbl_lghc#lj_\h]b1#:iiZjZl#
\oh^bl#\#khklhygb_#ÄdeZiZg#[_ahiZkghklb#hldjul³/#_keb#hg#hij_^_ey_l#k[hc#
ZiiZjZlguo#beb#ijh]jZffguo#kj_^kl\/#dhlhjuc#fh`_l#\ua\Zlv#kgb`_gb_#
[_ahiZkghklb#^Zevg_cr_c#\_glbeypbb1#<#kemqZ_#k[hy#ijh]jZffgh]h#
h[_ki_q_gby/#hl\_qZxs_]h#aZ#hldjulb_#ij_^hojZgbl_evgh]h#deZiZgZ/#_klv#
ZgZeh]h\Zy#p_iv/#dhlhjZy#hldju\Z_l#ij_^hojZgbl_evguc#deZiZg/#dh]^Z#
kbkl_fgh_#^Z\e_gb_#ij_\urZ_l#448#kf+52#+446#]IZ,1
?keb#ZiiZjZl#B<E#hij_^_ey_l#hddexabx#beb#ijh^he`bl_evgh_#gZebqb_#
\ukhdh]h#^Z\e_gby#\^hoZ/#hg#hldju\Z_l#deZiZgu#[_ahiZkghklb#b#
\u^hoZ/qlh[u#\uimklblv#baebrg__#^Z\e_gb_/#aZl_f#aZdju\Z_l#bo#b#\oh^bl#\#
j_`bf#\_glbeypbb#hddexabb1#<#w lhf#j_`bf_#ZiiZjZl#B<E#bkihevam_l#
l_dmsb_#gZkljhcdb/#aZ#bkdexq_gb_f#gZkljh_d#mdZaZgguo#\#lZ[e1 4-511#?keb#
ZiiZjZl#kgh\Z#h[gZjm`b\Z_l#hddexabx#beb#ijh^he`bl_evgh_#khklhygb_#
\ukhdh]h#^Z\e_gby/#hg#kgh\Z#hldju\Z_l#deZiZgu#[_ahiZkghklb#b#\u^hoZ/#
aZl_f#\hah[gh\ey_l#j_`bf#\_glbeypbb#hddexabb1#?keb#hi_jZlhj#gZ`bfZ_l#
deZ\brm#k[jhkZ#lj_\h]b#beb#ZiiZjZl#B<E#g_#h[gZjm`b\Z_l#hddexabb#beb#
ijh^he`bl_evgh]h#gZebqby#\ukhdh]h#^Z\e_gby/#hg#\ha\jZsZ_lky#\#j_`bf#
ghjfZevghc#\_glbeypbb/#bkihevamy#ihke_^gb_#ijbgylu_#gZkljhcdb1
........

1-7
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 8 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

1 <\_^_gb_
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#4-5=#Baf_g_gb_#\#l_dmsbo#gZkljhcdZo#\#j_`bf_
\_glbeypbb#hddexabb1

GZkljhcdZ Baf_g_gb_#\#gZkljhcd_

Lj_\h]Z#<UKHDH?# MklZgh\e_gZ#\#63#kf+52
>:<E?GB?#+lbi#
^uoZgby#9&9#,

3((3#+\k_#j_`bfu, MklZgh\e_gZ#\#3#kf+52

(#25#+\k_#j_`bfu,# MklZgh\e_gZ#\#433(

J_`bf#KIHGL# >uoZgb_#ihklZ\ey_lky#k#qZklhlhc#452fbg#b#\j_f_g_f#\^hoZ#5 k_d1


+lbi#^uoZgby#369,#

IH>>?J@D:# ?keb#f_g__48#kf+52=#mklZgh\e_gh#\#48#kf+521
>:<E?GB?F# ?keb#48#kf+52#b#\ur_=#bkihevam_lky#l_dmsZy#gZkljhcdZ#
+lbi#^uoZgby#369,# +[_a baf_g_gby,1

IH>>?J@D:# ?keb#f_g__48#kf+52=#mklZgh\e_gh#\#48#kf+521
>:<E?GB?F# ?keb#48#kf+52#b#\ur_=#bkihevam_lky#l_dmsZy#gZkljhcdZ#
+lbi#^uoZgby#3&9, +[_a baf_g_gby,1

<J?F?GGHC# MklZgh\e_gh#\#:3(
N:DLHJ#JHKL:#
+lbi#^uoZgby#3&9,#
........

1-8
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 9 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

<\_^_gb_ 1
..............................................................................
415##Kbf\heu#b#yjeuqdb
GZ#ZiiZjZlZo#B<E#k_jbb#:33#bkihevamxlky#ke_^mxsb_#kbf\heu#b#yjeuqdb1

Ihabpbb#\udexqZl_ey#iblZgby#+ih#lj_[h\Zgbyf#,(&#93404,1
Ä,³0#\dexq_gh>#Ä2³#0#\udexq_gh1

KkuedZ#gZ#jmdh\h^kl\h#+ih#lj_[h\Zgbyf#,(&#93404,1#?keb#gZ#ijh^mdl_#
mdZaZg#w lhl#kbf\he/#lh#w lh#hagZqZ_l=#Ä>ey#ihemq_gby#bgnhjfZpbb#kfhljbl_#
! ^hdmf_glZpbx³1

Ihl_gpbZevgZy#lhqdZ#\ujZ\gb\Zgby#+ih#lj_[h\Zgbyf#,(&#93404,1#

Kh_^bg_gb_#k#\g_rg_c#[ZlZj__c
– +

Ij_ju\Zl_ev#p_ib

K_jbcguc#ghf_j
SN
I_j_f_gguc#lhd

H[hjm^h\Zgb_#lbiZ#<#ih#klZg^Zjlm#,(&#93404

MdZau\Z_l#h[_ki_qb\Z_fmx#kl_i_gv#aZsblu#+\eZ]hg_ijhgbpZ_fhklv,1

IPX1
........

1-9
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 10 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

1 <\_^_gb_
..........................................................................
MdZau\Z_l#gZ#khhl\_lkl\b_#^bj_dlb\_#0HGLFDO#'HYLFH#'LUHFWLYH/#
<62752((&1

0050

K_jlbnbdZpby#&6$#b#157/#+1DWLRQDOO\#5HFRJQL]HG#7HVWLQJ#/DERUDWRU\,/#
\u^Z_lky#&6$1

Eh]hlbi#789#5KHLQODQG#hagZqZ_l#ijhoh`^_gb_#bkiulZgbc#lbiZ#789#
5KHLQODQG#7\SH#7HVW#ih#$QQH[#,,,#^bj_dlb\u#0HGLFDO#'HYLFH#'LUHFWLYH

JZat_f#\uoh^gh]h#ihjlZ

! <UOH>GHC

JZat_f#ebgbb#\^hoZ

D
I:PB?GLM
JZat_f#ebgbb#\u^hoZ

HL
I:PB?GL:
........

1-10
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 11 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

<\_^_gb_ 1
..............................................................................
Yjeud#\oh^gh]h#ihjlZ#dbkehjh^Z

25

fZdk

Yjeud#\ha^mohaZ[hjgbdZ

Yjeud#hoeZ`^Zxs_]h#\_glbeylhjZ

Yjeud#h[s_]h#ij_^mij_`^_gby#^ey#`bag_h[_ki_qb\Zxs_]h#h[hjm^h\Zgby
........

1-11
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 12 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

1 <\_^_gb_
..........................................................................
Yjeud#aZ^g_c#iZg_eb#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#:73
........

1-12
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 13 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

<\_^_gb_ 1
..............................................................................
Yjeud#aZ^g_c#iZg_eb#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#:93

........

1-13
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 14 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

1 <\_^_gb_
..........................................................................
416##DeZ\bZlmjZ
<gbfZgb_
Qlh[u#ba[_`Zlv#ih\j_`^_gby#deZ\bZlmju/#g_#gZ`bfZcl_#gZ#g__#
hkljufb#ij_^f_lZfb1

DeZ\bZlmjZ#+jbk1#4-51#0#^ey#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#:73/#jbk1#4-61#0#^ey#ZiiZjZlZ#:93,#
jZa^_e_gZ#gZ#ljb#k_dpbb=
• G:KLJHCDB#<?GLBEYLHJ:=#a^_kv#mklZgZ\eb\Zxlky#agZq_gby#
gZkljh_d#^ey#ih^^_j`Zgby#^uoZgby1
• >:GGU?#I:PB?GL:=#a^_kv#mklZgZ\eb\Zxlky#ij_^_eu#lj_\h]/#b#
fh`gh#gZ[ex^Zlv#aZ#\_ebqbgZfb#^Z\e_gbc/#\j_f_ggufb#iZjZf_ljZfb#
^uoZl_evguo#pbdeh\#b#h[t_fZfb1
• KL:LMK#<?GLBEYLHJ:=#a^_kv#fh`gh#ke_^blv#aZ#khklhygb_f#lj_\h]#b#
jZ[hqbf#khklhygb_f#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E1

>Zggu_#iZpb_glZ KlZlmk#\_glbeylhjZ

7-00048
GZkljhcdb#\_glbeylhjZ

Jbk1#4-51##DeZ\bZlmjZ#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#:73
........

1-14
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 15 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

<\_^_gb_ 1
..............................................................................
>Zggu_#iZpb_glZ KlZlmk#\_glbeylhjZ

GZkljhcdb#\_glbeylhjZ

Jbk1#4-61##DeZ\bZlmjZ#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#:93

41614##G:KLJHCDB#<?GLBEYLHJ:
K_dpby#deZ\bZlmju#G:KLJHCDB#<?GLBEYLHJ:#iha\hey_l#\u[jZlv#
j_`bf#\_glbeypbb/#lbi#^uoZgby#b#gZkljhcdb1#;he__#ih^jh[gmx#
bgnhjfZpbx#h#j_`bfZo#\_glbeypbb#b#ih^^_j`d_#^uoZgby#kf1#\#ijbe1 '1
>ey#baf_g_gby#j_`bfZ#b#gZkljh_d#\u[_jbl_#j_`bf/#aZl_f#lbi#^uoZgby#b#
gZkljhcdb#ZiiZjZlZ1#<#l_q_gb_#\j_f_gb#mklZgh\db#b#baf_g_gby#j_`bfZ#
deZ\brb#fb]Zxl/#qlh#h[_ki_qb\Z_l#\bamZevguc#dhgljhev#gZ^#\k_fb#
g_h[oh^bfufb#gZkljhcdZfb1#DeZ\bZlmjZ#jZajZ[hlZgZ#lZd/#qlh[u#
fbgbfbabjh\Zlv#kemqZcgu_#beb#g_ij_^gZf_j_ggu_#baf_g_gby1
........

1-15
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 16 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

1 <\_^_gb_
..........................................................................
<#lZ[e1 4-6#ijb\_^_gh#hibkZgb_#nmgdpbc#deZ\br/#i_j_dexqZl_ey#b#
bg^bdZlhjh\#k_dpbb#G:KLJHCDB#<?GLBEYLHJ:1#GZkljhcdb#ZiiZjZlZ#
lZd`_#h]jZgbqb\Zxlky#ke_^mxsbfb#]jZgbpZfb#iZjZf_ljh\#ih^^_j`db#
^uoZgby=
• khhlghr_gb_#\^ho=\u^ho#≤#7=4#^ey#3&9#+lhevdh#ZiiZjZl#B<E#:93,#b#
≤#6=4#^ey#\k_o#^jm]bo#lbih\#^uoZgby>
• \j_fy#\^hoZ# #3/5#0#;#k_d#+bkdexqZy#ieZlh,>
• \j_fy#\u^hoZ#≥#3/5#k_d>
• 3((32&3$3#.#IH>>?J@D:#>:<E?GB?F#beb#>:<E?GB?#G:#
<>HO?#≤ ;3#kf+52#+;3#]IZ,>

IJBF?Q:GB?=
FZdkbfZevgZy#IH>>?J@D:#>:<E?GB?F# #:3 kf+52/#fZdkbfZevgh_#
>:<E?GB?#G:#<>HO?# #;3 kf+521

• IH>>?J@D:#>:<E?GB?F#beb#>:<E?GB?#G:#<>HO?#.#
3((32&3$3#?#<UKHDH?#>:<E?GB?#0#5#kf+52#+5#]IZ,>
• <UKHDH?#>:<E?GB?#+\#j_`bfZo#<KIHFH=:L?EVGU?#b#6,09,#!#
3((32&3$3#.#: kf+52#+:#]IZ,>
• <UKHDH?#>:<E?GB?#+\#j_`bf_#KIHGL,#!#3((32&3$3#.#
IH>>?J@D:#>:<E?GB?F#.#5#kf+52#+5#]IZ,>
• <UKHDH?#>:<E?GB?#!#GBADH?#>:<E?GB?#G:#<>HO?>
• fbgmlguc#h[t_f#≤#83#e2fbg#ijb#khhlghr_gbb#\^ho=\u^ho#5=41
........

1-16
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 17 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

<\_^_gb_ 1
..............................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#4-6=#DeZ\bZlmjZ1#G:KLJHCDB#<?GLBEYLHJ:

DeZ\brZ2
Hij_^_ey_l111 >bZiZahg
bg^bdZlhj

GZkljhcdb#j_`bfZ#b#lbiZ#^uoZgby

<KIHFH=:0 J_`bf#<kihfh]Zl_evguc2 Lbiu#^uoZgby=#9&9#


L?EVGU( Ijbgm^bl_evguc#+:2K,1 +\_glbeypby#k#dhgljhe_f#ih#
h[t_fm,#b#3&9#+\_glbeypby#k#
dhgljhe_f#ih#^Z\e_gbx,1
+3&9#^hklmigh#lhevdh#gZ#
ZiiZjZl_#B<E#:931,

6,09 J_`bf#kbgojhgbah\Zgghc#+k# Lbiu#^uoZgby=#9&9/#3&9#


iZpb_glhf,#ij_ju\bklhc# +lhevdh#gZ#:93,/#b#369#
ijbgm^bl_evghc#\_glbeypbb1 +\_glbeypby#k#ih^^_j`dhc#
^Z\e_gb_f,1

KIHGL KihglZgguc#j_`bf1 Lbi#^uoZgby#3691

9&9 Lbi#^uoZgby#9&91 9&9#^hklmi_g#gZ#:73#b#:93#\#


j_`bfZo#6,09#beb#
<KIHFH=:L?EVGU?1

3&9 Lbi#^uoZgby#3&91 3&9#^hklmi_g#gZ#:93#lhevdh#\#


j_`bfZo#6,09#beb#
<KIHFH=:L?EVGU?1

369 Lbi#^uoZgby#3691 369#^hklmi_g#\#j_`bf_#6,09#


beb#KIHGL1

GZkljhcdb#ijbgm^bl_evgh]h#j_`bfZ#+9&9,

Q:KLHL:# FbgbfZevgh_#qbkeh#ijbgm^bl_evguo# 6#0#:3#jZa2fbg


>UO:GBY ^uoZl_evguo#pbdeh\/#ihemqZ_fuo# Lhqghklv=
iZpb_glhf#\#fbgmlm1 “#+3/4#.#4(,#2fbg

>UO:L?EV0 H[t_f/#ihklZ\ey_fuc#iZpb_glm#\# 73#0#5333#fe


GUC#H;T?F l_q_gb_#ijbgm^bl_evgh]h# Lhqghklv=
^uoZl_evgh]h#pbdeZ/#dhfieZcgk0 “#+43#fe#.#43(,#hl#gZkljhcdb
dhfi_gkbjh\Zgguc#b#
kdhjj_dlbjh\Zgguc#gZ#klZg^Zjlgu_#
l_fi_jZlmjm/#^Z\e_gb_#b#\eZ`ghklv#
+%736,1
........

1-17
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 18 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

1 <\_^_gb_
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#4-6=#DeZ\bZlmjZ1#G:KLJHCDB#<?GLBEYLHJ:#+ijh^1,

DeZ\brZ2
Hij_^_ey_l111 >bZiZahg
bg^bdZlhj

GZkljhcdb#ijbgm^bl_evgh]h#j_`bfZ#+9&9,#+ijh^1,

IBDH<UC# FZdkbfZevguc#ihlhd#]ZaZ/# 6#0#483#e2fbg


IHLHD ihklZ\ey_fuc#\#l_q_gb_# Lhqghklv=
ijbgm^bl_evgh]h#^uoZl_evgh]h#pbdeZ/# “#+8#.#43(#hl#gZkljhcdb,#
dhfieZcgk0dhfi_gkbjh\Zgguc#b# e2fbg
kdhjj_dlbjh\Zgguc#gZ#klZg^Zjlgu_#
l_fi_jZlmjm/#^Z\e_gb_#b#\eZ`ghklv#
+%736,1#+Kh\f_klgh#k#^uoZl_evguf#
h[t_fhf#ibdh\uc#ihlhd#hij_^_ey_l#
Zdlb\gmx#qZklv#\j_f_gb#\^hoZ1,

IE:LH#+k_d, >ebl_evghklv#iZmau#\^hoZ#ihke_#lh]h/# 313#0#513#k_d


dZd#[ue#\uiheg_g#ijbgm^bl_evguc# Lhqghklv=#
^uoZl_evguc#pbde/#\#l_q_gb_#dhlhjhc# “#3/38#k_d
]Za#g_#ihklZ\ey_lky1

GZkljhcdb#ijbgm^bl_evgh]h#j_`bfZ#+3&9,#+lhevdh#^ey#:93,

Q:KLHL:# FbgbfZevgh_#qbkeh#ijbgm^bl_evguo# 6#0#:3#jZa2fbg


>UO:GBY ^uoZl_evguo#pbdeh\/#ihemqZ_fuo# Lhqghklv=
iZpb_glhf#\#fbgmlm1 “#+314#.#4(,#2fbg

>:<E?GB?#G:# >Z\e_gb_#\ur_#J??J#\#l_q_gb_#nZau# 8#0#;3#kf+52#+8#0#;3#]IZ,


<>HO? \^hoZ#ijb#^uoZgbb#3&91 Lhqghklv=
+lhevdh#:93, “#+6#.#518#(#hl#gZkljhcdb,#
kf+52
........

1-18
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 19 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

<\_^_gb_ 1
..............................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#4-6=#DeZ\bZlmjZ1#G:KLJHCDB#<?GLBEYLHJ:#+ijh^1,

DeZ\brZ2
Hij_^_ey_l111 >bZiZahg
bg^bdZlhj

GZkljhcdb#ijbgm^bl_evgh]h#j_`bfZ#+3&9,#+lhevdh#^ey#:93,#+ijh^1,

7,2KHHLGH0 <u#fh`_l_#bkihevah\Zlv#deZ\brm# <j_fy#\^hoZ#+7,,=


R?GB?# F?GX#qlh[u#\u[jZlv#\j_fy#\^hoZ# 3/5#0#;#k_d
<^ho=<u^ho +7,,#beb#khhlghr_gb_#\^ho=\u^ho#dZd# Lhqghklv=#“#3/38#k_d
+lhevdh#:93, \j_f_ggmx#gZkljhcdm#^uoZgby#^ey# Khhlghr_gb_#\^ho=\u^ho=#3#7=4
3&91#<u#fh`_l_#baf_gblv#\u[jZggmx#
Lhqghklv=#“#+3/4#.#5(,
\j_f_ggmx#gZkljhcdm#^uoZgby#+7,#beb#
khhlghr_gb_#\^ho=\u^ho,/#gh#
gZkljhcdZ#hklZ_lky#ihklhygghc#ijb#
baf_g_gbb#qZklhlu#^uoZgby#\#3&91
<u[jZggh_#khhlghr_gb_#\^ho=\u^ho#
mklZgZ\eb\Z_l#hlghr_gb_#\j_f_gb#
\^hoZ#dh#\j_f_gb#\u^hoZ#^ey#^uoZgby#
3&91#

<J?F?GGHC# <j_fy/#aZ#dhlhjh_#^Z\e_gb_#\^hoZ# 8#0433


N:DLHJ# ih\urZ_lky#hl#3#^h#<8(#hl#mjh\gy#
JHKL:# p_e_\h]h#^Z\e_gby#ijb#^uoZgbb#3&91
+lhevdh#:93, GZkljhcdZ#433#h[hagZqZ_l#433#fk_d#
\j_fy#jhklZ/#gZkljhcdZ#8#h[hagZqZ_l#
;3(#hl#\j_f_gb#\^hoZ#beb#5833#fk_d/#
qlh#f_gvr_1
Ijb#j_]mebjh\d_#w lhc#gZkljhcdb#hdgh#
khh[s_gbc#ihdZau\Z_l#nZdlbq_kdh_#
\j_fy#^hklb`_gby#<8(#hl#p_e_\h]h#
^Z\e_gby#+\#k_dmg^Zo,1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
Qlh[u#ihfhqv#hij_^_eblv#ijZ\bevgmx#gZkljhcdm#\j_f_gb#\^hoZ/#\h#\j_fy#3&9#hdgh#
khh[s_gbc#hlh[jZ`Z_l#ibdh\uc#ihlhd#\^hoZ/#ihlhd#dhgpZ#\^hoZ#b#ihlhd#dhgpZ#\u^hoZ#
\#e2fbg1
........

1-19
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 20 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

1 <\_^_gb_
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#4-6=#DeZ\bZlmjZ1#G:KLJHCDB#<?GLBEYLHJ:#+ijh^1,

DeZ\brZ2
Hij_^_ey_l111 >bZiZahg
bg^bdZlhj

GZkljhcdb#kihglZggh]h#j_`bfZ#+369,#

IH>>?J@.:# >Z\e_gb_#\ur_#^Z\e_gby#J??J/# 3#0#:3#kf+52#+#3#0#:3#]IZ#,


>:<E?GB?F ih^^_j`b\Z_fh_#\#l_q_gb_# Lhqghklv=#“#+6#.#518(#hl#
kihglZggh]h#\^hoZ1#Ih^^_j`dZ# gZkljhcdb,#kf+52
^Z\e_gby#aZdZgqb\Z_lky/#dh]^Z#ihlhd#
\^hoZ#iZ^Z_l#^ey#:93=#^h#58(#ibdh\h]h#
ihlhdZ#\^hoZ#beb#^h#gZkljhcdb#
qm\kl\bl_evghklb#\u^hoZ/#^ey#:73=#^h#
43#e2fbg#beb#58(#ibdh\h]h#ihlhdZ/#
qlh#f_gvr_1#FZdkbfZevgh_#\j_fy#
\^hoZ#0#6/8#k_d#^ey#\ajhkeuo#iZpb_glh\#
b#5/8#k_d#0#^ey#^_l_c1

<J?F?GGHC# <j_fy/#aZ#dhlhjh_#^Z\e_gb_#\^hoZ# 8#0#433


N:DLHJ ih\urZ_lky#hl#3#^h#<8(#hl#mjh\gy#
JHKL: ibdh\h]h#^Z\e_gby#ijb#^uoZgbb#3691#
+lhevdh#:93, GZkljhcdZ#433#h[hagZqZ_l#433#fk_d#
\j_fy#jhklZ/#gZkljhcdZ#8#h[hagZqZ_l#
;3(#hl#\j_f_gb#\^hoZ#beb#4833#fk_d#
+ijb#\u[hj_#\ajhkeh]h#^uoZl_evgh]h#
dhglmjZ,#beb#933#fk_d#+ijb#\u[hj_#
i_^bZljbq_kdh]h#^uoZl_evgh]h#
dhglmjZ,/#qlh#f_gvr_1
Ijb#j_]mebjh\d_#w lhc#gZkljhcdb#hdgh#
khh[s_gbc#ihdZau\Z_l#nZdlbq_kdh_#
\j_fy#^hklb`_gby#<8(#hl#ibdh\h]h#
^Z\e_gby#+\#k_dmg^Zo,1
........

1-20
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 21 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

<\_^_gb_ 1
..............................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#4-6=#DeZ\bZlmjZ1#G:KLJHCDB#<?GLBEYLHJ:#+ijh^1,

DeZ\brZ2
Hij_^_ey_l111 >bZiZahg
bg^bdZlhj

GZkljhcdb#kihglZggh]h#j_`bfZ#+369,#+ijh^1,

QM<KL<B0 Ijhp_gl#ibdh\h]h#ihlhdZ#\u^hoZ/#ijb# 4#0#78(


L?EVGHKLV# dhlhjhf#ZiiZjZl#B<E#i_j_dexqZ_lky#
<U>HO:# kh#\^hoZ#gZ#\u^ho#\#l_q_gb_#
+lhevdh#:93, kihglZggh]h#^uoZgby1#Ihlhd/#ijb#
dhlhjhf#ZiiZjZl#B<E#i_j_dexqZ_lky#
kh#\^hoZ#gZ#\u^ho#\#l_q_gb_#^uoZgby#
3691#<u^ho#gZqbgZ_lky/#dh]^Z#ihlhd#
\^hoZ#klZgh\blky#f_gvr_/#q_f#
aZ^Zggh_#agZq_gb_1
Qlh[u#ihfhqv#mklZgh\blv#
khhl\_lkl\mxsmx#QM<KL<BL?EV0
GHKLV#<U>HO:/#ibdh\uc#ihlhd#
\^hoZ#b#ihlhd#dhgpZ#\^hoZ#
hlh[jZ`Zxlky#\#hdg_#khh[s_gbc#ijb#
^uoZgbb#3691#+Qlh[u#m[_^blvky#\#
lhqghc#hp_gd_#w lbo#ihlhdh\/#
g_h[oh^bfh#aZimkdZlv#D<L/#qlh[u#
jZkq_lu#dhfieZcgkZ#dhglmjZ#[ueb#
ijZ\bevgu1,

H[sb_#gZkljhcdb

3((32&3$3 Iheh`bl_evgh_#dhg_qgh_#^Z\e_gb_# 3#0#68#kf+52#+3#0#68#]IZ,


\u^hoZ2Ihklhyggh_#iheh`bl_evgh_# Lhqghklv=#“#+3/5#kf+52#.#7(#
^Z\e_gb_#\#^uoZl_evguo#imlyo1# hl gZkljhcdb,
FbgbfZevgh_#^Z\e_gb_/#
ih^^_j`b\Z_fh_#\#l_q_gb_#nZau#\^hoZ#
b#\u^hoZ1

QM<KL<B0 <_ebqbgZ#ihlhdZ#\^hoZ/#jZa\b\Z_fh]h# 4#0#53#e2fbg


L?EVGHKLV#LJ iZpb_glhf/#dhlhjZy#bgbpbbjm_l#
B==?J:# aZimkd#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#^ey#ih^^_j`db#
+e2fbg, ^uoZgby1#Q_f#\ur_#mjh\_gv#ihlhdZ/#
l_f#gb`_#qm\kl\bl_evghklv#ljb]]_jZ1
........

1-21
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 22 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

1 <\_^_gb_
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#4-6=#DeZ\bZlmjZ1#G:KLJHCDB#<?GLBEYLHJ:#+ijh^1,

DeZ\brZ2
Hij_^_ey_l111 >bZiZahg
bg^bdZlhj

H[sb_#gZkljhcdb#+ijh^1,

(#25 Ijhp_gl#\^uoZ_fh]h#dbkehjh^Z#\# 54#0#433(


]Zah\hc#kf_kb/#ih^Z\Z_fhc#iZpb_glm1 Lhqghklv=#“#6(#iheghc#rdZeu

IJBF?Q:GB?=
Ijhp_glgh_#kh^_j`Zgb_#dbkehjh^Z#fh`_l#klZ[bebabjh\Zlvky#\#
l_q_gb_#g_kdhevdbo#fbgml1

Ijhqb_#deZ\brb/#i_j_dexqZl_ev#b#bg^bdZlhju

DeZ\brZ# Iha\hey_l#\u[bjZlv#9&9#beb#3&9#+lhevdh#^ey#ZiiZjZlZ#:93,#^ey#
I:J:F?LJU# \_glbeypbb#:IGHW#b#gZkljhcdb#\_glbeypbb#:IGHW1#Bgl_j\Ze#:IGHW#
:IGHW mklZgh\e_g#\#53#k_dmg^1#<_glbeypby#:IGHW#fh`_l#[ulv#Zdlb\ghc#lhevdh#
\#j_`bf_#KIHGL1#>bZiZahg#iZjZf_ljh\#:IGHW#0#kf1#ijbgm^bl_evgu_#
gZkljhcdb#9&9#b#3&91#

F?GX Iha\hey_l#ijhkfZljb\Zlv#Zdlb\gu_#b#Z\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_fu_#
ij_^mij_`^_gby#+lj_\h]b,/#\uihegylv#D<L#b#I<L/#j_]mebjh\Zlv#
hij_^_e_ggu_#gZkljhcdb#+]jhfdhklv#lj_\h]b/#\j_fy#3&9/#]jZnbq_kdbc#
bg^bdlhj#h[t_fZ/#jZaf_j#WL#ljm[db/#^ZlZ#b#\j_fy,/#ihemqblv#^hklmi#d#
nmgdpbyf#^ZlqbdZ#dbkehjh^Z#+dZeb[jh\dZ/#\dexq_gb_#b#\udexq_gb_#
ij_^_eh\#lj_\h]b#(#25/#\dexq_gb_#b#\udexq_gb_#hlh[jZ`_gby#ihdZaZgbc#
^ZlqbdZ#dbkehjh^Z,/#\dexqZlv#j_`bf#h`b^Zgby/#ijhkfZljb\Zlv#
bgnhjfZpbx#h#[ZlZj__/#hlh[jZ`Zlv#\_jkbx#ijh]jZffgh]h#h[_ki_q_gby#b#
kem`_[gmx#bgnhjfZpbx/#jZ[hlZlv#k#nmgdpbyfb#jZkiuebl_ey#(DV\1HE1#
+H bkihevah\Zgbb#nmgdpbc#f_gx#kf1#]e1 91,

433(#25 I_j_dexqZ_l#(#25#gZ#433(#\#l_q_gb_#^\mo#fbgml/#aZl_f#\ha\jZsZ_lky#\#
l_dmsmx#mklZgh\dm#(#251#>\mofbgmlguc#bgl_j\Ze#Zdlb\babjm_lky#
dZ`^uc#jZa/#dh]^Z#\u#gZ`bfZ_l_#deZ\brm#433(#251#Ihke_#aZimkdZ#w lhc#
nmgdpbb#\u#fh`_l_#gZ`Zlv#deZ\brm#HQBKLD:#^ey#hklZgh\db#fZg_\jZ#
+ihdZ#\u#g_#bkihevam_l_#nmgdpbb#deZ\brb#F?GX#beb#g_#\u[bjZ_l_#
gZkljhcdm,1
........

1-22
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 23 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

<\_^_gb_ 1
..............................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#4-6=#DeZ\bZlmjZ1#G:KLJHCDB#<?GLBEYLHJ:#+ijh^1,

DeZ\brZ2
Hij_^_ey_l111 >bZiZahg
bg^bdZlhj

Ijhqb_#deZ\brb/#i_j_dexqZl_ev#b#bg^bdZlhju#+ijh^1,

JMQGHC#<>HO H[_ki_qb\Z_l#iZpb_glm#h^bg#ijbgm^bl_evguc#\^ho#kh]eZkgh#
l_dmsbf gZkljhcdZf#ijbgm^bl_evgh]h#j_`bfZ#+\#j_`bfZo#
<KIHFH=:L?EVGU?#beb#6,09,#beb#l_dmsbf#iZjZf_ljZf#:IGHW#
+\j_`bf_#KIHGL,1#<u#fh`_l_#bkihevah\Zlv#JMQGHC#<>HO#\#ex[h_#
\j_fy#\#l_q_gb_#nZau#\u^hoZ#^uoZgby/#ihdZ#ihlhd#\u^hoZ#g_#klZg_l#
f_gvr_#63(#hl#ibdh\h]h#ihlhdZ#\uoh^Z/#gh#g_#\#ijhp_kk_#\_glbeypbb#
:IGHW1

I:MA:# Iha\hey_l#bf_jylv#Z\lh0J??J#^ey#iZpb_glZ1#GZ`Zlb_#deZ\brb#I:MA:#
<U>HO: <UOH>:#aZklZ\ey_l#ZiiZjZl#B<E#aZdjulv#deZiZg#\u^hoZ#\#dhgp_#nZau#
+lhevdh#:93, \u^hoZ#b#g_#ihklZ\eylv#ke_^mxsbc#ijbgm^bl_evguc#^uoZl_evguc#pbde1#
<#dhgp_#^_ckl\by#\#hdg_#khh[s_gbc#[m^_l#ihdZaZgh#jZkkqblZggh_#
agZq_gb_#Z\lhfZlbq_kdh]h#J??J#+^Z\e_gb_#\u^hoZ#\#gZqZe_#^_ckl\by#
fbgmk#^Z\e_gb_#\u^hoZ#\#dhgp_#^_ckl\by,#b#iheguc#J??J#\#l_q_gb_#63#
k_dmg^1
<#hdg_#khh[s_gbc#hlh[jZ`Z_lky#ihlhd#dhgpZ#\u^hoZ#\#e2fbg#\#gZqZe_#
dZ`^h]h#^uoZl_evgh]h#pbdeZ1#?keb#bf__lky#ihlhd#\u^hoZ/#dh]^Z#ZiiZjZl#
B<E#ihklZ\ey_l#ke_^mxsbc#^uoZl_evguc#pbde/#ijbkmlkl\m_l#
Z\lhfZlbq_kdbc#J??J1
I:MA:#<U>HO:#ijh^he`Z_lky#lZd#^he]h/#ihdZ#\u#m^_j`b\Z_l_#
deZ\brm/#b#^he`gZ#ijh^he`Zlvky#^h#l_o#ihj/#ihdZ#g_#klZ[bebabjm_lky#
^Z\e_gb_#\u^hoZ1#FZg_\j#I:MA:#<U>HO:#aZdZgqb\Z_lky/#dh]^Z#\u#
hlimkdZ_l_#deZ\brm/#iZpb_gl#bgbpbbjm_l#^uoZgb_/#\hagbdZ_l#lj_\h]Z#
nZaZ#\u^hoZ#+\dexqZy#fZg_\j,#ijh^he`Z_lky#[he__#53#k_d/#beb#ZiiZjZl#
B<E#hij_^_ey_l#ml_qdm1
:\lh0J??J=
>bZiZahg=#4#0#68#kf+52
Lhqghklv=#“#+4#kf+52#.#6(#hl#ihdZaZgby,1#
........

1-23
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 24 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

1 <\_^_gb_
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#4-6=#DeZ\bZlmjZ1#G:KLJHCDB#<?GLBEYLHJ:#+ijh^1,

DeZ\brZ2
Hij_^_ey_l111 >bZiZahg
bg^bdZlhj

Ijhqb_#deZ\brb/#i_j_dexqZl_ev#b#bg^bdZlhju#+ijh^1,

I:MA:#<>HO: Iha\hey_l#baf_jylv#dhfieZcgk#b#khijhlb\e_gb_#^uoZl_evguo#iml_c#
+lhevdh#:93, iZpb_glZ1#JZkrbj_ggZy#iZmaZ#\^hoZ#lZd`_#iha\hey_l#m\_ebqb\Zlv#e_]db_#
iZpb_glZ#\#l_q_gb_#^h#43#k_dmg^1
GZ`Zlb_#I:MA:#<>HO:#g_f_^e_ggh#aZklZ\ey_l#ZiiZjZl#B<E#i_j_clb#d#
h`b^Zgbx#dhgpZ#nZau#\^hoZ#l_dms_]h#beb#ke_^mxs_]h#ijbgm^bl_evgh]h#
^uoZl_evgh]h#pbdeZ#+#\#j_`bf_#KIHGL#ZiiZjZl#B<E#ihklZ\ey_l#
ijbgm^bl_evguc#^uoZl_evguc#pbde#k#ihfhsvx#deZ\brb#JMQGHC#<>HO#
\#khhl\_lkl\bb#k#gZkljhcdZfb#:IGHW,/#hklZgZ\eb\Z_l#ihklZ\dm#^uoZgby#
b#^_j`bl#deZiZg#\uoh^Z#aZdjuluf1#I:MA:#<>HO:#ijh^he`Z_lky#^h#l_o#
ihj/#ihdZ#ZiiZjZl#B<E#g_#h[gZjm`bl#klZ[bevgh_#^Z\e_gb_#ieZlh#beb#g_#
ijhc^ml#5#k_dmg^u1#J#_kibjZlhjguc#fZg_\j#I:MA:#<>HO:#
aZdZgqb\Z_lky/#dh]^Z#^hklb]gmlh#klZ[bevgh_#ieZlh#beb#\hagbdZ_l#lj_\h]Z1
GZ`Zlb_#deZ\brb#I:MA:#<>HO:#\#l_q_gb_#5#beb#[he__#k_dmg^#ihke_#
gZqZeZ#iZmau#aZklZ\ey_l#ZiiZjZl#B<E#m^_j`b\Zlv#iZmam#\^hoZ#^h#l_o#ihj/#
ihdZ#\u#m^_j`b\Z_l_#deZ\brm1#JZkrbj_gguc#j_kibjZlhjguc#fZg_\j#
I:MA:#<>HO:#aZdZgqb\Z_lky/#dh]^Z#\u#hlimkdZ_l_#deZ\brm#beb#ijhreh#
43#k_dmg^1
<u#fh`_l_#gZ`Zlv#deZ\brm#HQBKLD:#beb#hlimklblv#deZ\brm#I:MA:#
<>HO:#\#ex[h_#\j_fy/#qlh[u#hlf_gblv#^_ckl\b_#I:MA:#<>HO:/#b#
lj_\h]b#lZd`_#hlf_gyxl#j_kibjZlhjguc#fZg_\j1
<#dhgp_#^uoZl_evgh]h#pbdeZ#\#hdg_#khh[s_gbc#ihdZau\Z_l#jZkkqblZggh_#
agZq_gb_#^ey#dhfieZcgkZ#b#khijhlb\e_gby#+_keb#ijbgm^bl_evguc#
^uoZl_evguc#pbde#ihklZ\eyeky#\#j_`bf_#9&9,#beb#dhfieZcgkZ#+_keb#
ijbgm^bl_evguc#^uoZl_evguc#pbde#ihklZ\eyeky#\#j_`bf_#3&9,#\#
l_q_gb_#63#k_dmg^1
DhfieZcgk=
>bZiZahg=#4#0#483#fe2+521#
Lhqghklv=#“#+4#fe2kf+52#.#53(#hl#ihdZaZgby,1#
Khijhlb\e_gb_=
>bZiZahg=#3#0#483#kf+522e2k_d1#
Lhqghklv=#“#+6#kf+522e2k_d#.#53(#hl#ihdZaZgby,1#
........

1-24
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 25 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

<\_^_gb_ 1
..............................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#4-6=#DeZ\bZlmjZ1#G:KLJHCDB#<?GLBEYLHJ:#+ijh^1,

DeZ\brZ2
Hij_^_ey_l111 >bZiZahg
bg^bdZlhj

Ijhqb_#deZ\brb/#i_j_dexqZl_ev#b#bg^bdZlhju#+ijh^1,

HQBKLD: GZ`Zlb_#deZ\brb#HQBKLD:#i_j_^#l_f/#dZd#ijbgylZ#gZkljhcdZ/#hlf_gy_l#
ij_^eZ]Z_fmx#gZkljhcdm1#GZ`Zlb_#deZ\brb#HQBKLD:#g_#hlf_gy_l#
ijbgylu_#gZkljhcdb1
>\hcgh_#gZ`Zlb_#deZ\brb#HQBKLD:#\ha\jZsZ_l#ZiiZjZl#B<E#\#
ij_^u^ms__#khklhygb_#+djhf_#jZ[hlu#k#nmgdpb_c#deZ\brb#F?GX/#
dhlhjZy#lj_[m_l#hl#\Zk#g_kdhevdbo#gZ`Zlbc#deZ\brb#HQBKLD:,1
GZ`Zlb_#deZ\brb#HQBKLD:#\h#\j_fy#^_ckl\by#433(#25#hlf_gy_l#w lh#
^_ckl\b_1

<<H> >_eZ_l#baf_g_gby#\#gZkljhcdZo#^_ckl\mxsbfb1#?keb#\u#g_#gZ`bfZ_l_#
deZ\brm#<<H>#\#l_q_gb_#63#k_dmg^#ihke_#baf_g_gby#gZkljhcdb/#
dhgljhee_j#bgl_jn_ckZ#\_jg_l#ZiiZjZl#\#ij_^u^ms__#khklhygb_1

I_j_dexqZl_ev Baf_gy_l#agZq_gb_#gZkljhcdb#beb#\u[bjZ_l#nmgdpbx#f_gx1#Fb]Zxs__#
agZq_gb_#gZkljhcdb#hagZqZ_l/#qlh#i_j_dexqZl_ev#k\yaZg#k#w lhc#
gZkljhcdhc1#Ih\hjhl#i_j_dexqZl_ey#ih#qZkh\hc#klj_ed_#m\_ebqb\Z_l#
agZq_gb_#gZkljhcdb/#Z#ih\hjhl#ijhlb\#qZkh\hc#klj_edb#mf_gvrZ_l#__1

L?DMS?? K\_lblky/#dh]^Z#ZiiZjZl#B<E#jZ[hlZ_l#kh]eZkgh#hlh[jZ`Z_fuf#
gZkljhcdZf#beb#\#j_`bf_#\_glbeypbb#:IGHW1#+H^bg#bg^bdZlhj#0#^ey#
ijbgm^bl_evguo#^uoZgbc#b#h^bg#0#^ey#kihglZgguo#^uoZgbc1,

IJ?>IHE:0 K\_lblky/#dh]^Z#\u#aZ^Z_l_#j_`bf#beb#lbi#^uoZgby#beb#mklZgZ\eb\Z_l_#
=:?FH? iZjZf_lju#:IGHW1#DZd#lhevdh#ij_^eZ]Z_fZy#gZkljhcdZ#ijbgbfZ_lky/#
hgZ#klZgh\blky#^_ckl\mxs_c#gZ#ke_^mxs_f#pbde_#^uoZgby1

bg^bdZlhj# K\_lblky/#dh]^Z#Zdlb\gZ#\_glbeypby#:IGHW1
I:J:F?LJU# K\_lblky#\f_kl_#k#bg^bdZlhjhf#IJ?>IHE:=:?FH?/#dh]^Z#\u#
:IGHW mklZgZ\eb\Z_l_#iZjZf_lju#:IGHW/#b#h[Z#bg^bdZlhjZ#\udexqZxlky/#
dh]^Z#iZjZf_lju#:IGHW#ijbgylu1
........

1-25
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 26 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

1 <\_^_gb_
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#4-6=#DeZ\bZlmjZ1#G:KLJHCDB#<?GLBEYLHJ:#+ijh^1,

DeZ\brZ2
Hij_^_ey_l111 >bZiZahg
bg^bdZlhj

Ijhqb_#deZ\brb/#i_j_dexqZl_ev#b#bg^bdZlhju#+ijh^1,

Hdgh#khh[s_gbc IhdZau\Z_l#^h#q_luj_o#kljhd#bgnhjfZpbb#+53#kbf\heh\#\#kljhd_,1
I_j\Zy#kljhdZ=#aZj_a_j\bjh\ZgZ#^ey#\ukhdhijbhjbl_lghc#Zdlb\ghc#
lj_\h]b#beb#Z\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_fhc#lj_\h]b1#>ey#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#
:93/#_keb#g_l#Zdlb\guo#lj_\h]#b#^hklmigh#hlh[jZ`_gb_#ihdZaZgby#^ZlqbdZ#
dbkehjh^Z/#\#hdg_#khh[s_gbc#hlh[jZ`Z_lky#(#251
<lhjZy#kljhdZ=#bgnhjfZpby#h#nmgdpbb#f_gx#beb#gZkljhcdZo/#
hklZ\r_fky#\j_f_gb#iZmau#lj_\h]b#beb#l_dmsbo#^Zl_#b\j_f_gb1#<h#\j_fy#
ghjfZevghc#\_glbeypbb#hlh[jZ`Z_l#ÄIhlhd#+e2fbg,1³
Lj_lvy#b#q_l\_jlZy#kljhdb=#aZj_a_j\bjh\Zgu#^ey#^jm]bo#khh[s_gbc1#
>ey#dZ`^h]h#lbiZ#^uoZgby#ibdh\uc#ihlhd#b#ihlhd#dhgpZ#\^hoZ#
hlh[jZ`Zxlky#gZ#lj_lv_c#kljhd_/#Z#ihlhd#dhgpZ#\u^hoZ#hlh[jZ`Z_lky#gZ#
q_l\_jlhc#kljhd_#+bkdexqZy#lh/#qlh#ihlhd#\^hoZ#g_#hlh[jZ`Z_lky#\#
l_q_gb_#^uoZgby#9&9#beb#\_glbeypbb#:IGHW#9&9,1
........

1-26
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 27 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

<\_^_gb_ 1
..............................................................................
41615##>:GGU?#I:PB?GL:#
K_dpby#deZ\bZlmju#>:GGU?#I:PB?GL:#iha\hey_l#ke_^blv#aZ#
^Z\e_gb_f/#kbgojhgbaZpb_c#b#h[t_fhf#^uoZgby#iZpb_glZ1#<ufh`_l_#lZd`_#
\b^_lv#gZkljhcdb#lj_\h]1#K\_lysZyky#deZ\brZ#mdZau\Z_l/#qlh#\u[jZgh#
baf_j_gb_#b#agZq_gb_#baf_j_gby#ihdZaZgh#\#hdg_1#AgZq_gby#hlh[jZ`Zxlky#b#
h[gh\eyxlky#g_ij_ju\gh#\#ijhp_kk_#\_glbeypbb1
<#lZ[e1 4-7#kh^_j`Zlky#nmgdpbb#deZ\br#b#bg^bdZlhjh\#\#k_dpbb#
deZ\bZlmju#>:GGU?#I:PB?GL:1

LZ[ebpZ#4-7=#DeZ\bZlmjZ1#>:GGU?#I:PB?GL:

DeZ\brZ2
Nmgdpby >bZiZahg
Bg^bdZlhj

>Z\e_gb_

KJ?>G??# IhdZau\Z_l#jZkkqblZggmx#\_ebqbgm# 3#0#<<#kf+52#+3#0#<<#]IZ,


>:<E?GB? ^Z\e_gby#^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ#\#l_q_gb_# Lhqghklv=#
ihegh]h#j_kibjZlhjgh]h#pbdeZ1# “#+6#.#7(#hl#ihdZaZgbc,#
H[gh\ey_lky#\#gZqZe_#dZ`^h]h# kf+52
^uoZl_evgh]h#pbdeZ1

IBDH<H?# IhdZau\Z_l#fZdkbfZevgh_#^Z\e_gb_/# 3#0#473#kf+52#+3#0#473#]IZ,


>:<E?GB? baf_j_ggh_#\#l_q_gb_#\^hoZ1#H[gh\ey_lky# Lhqghklv=
\#gZqZe_#dZ`^hc#nZau#\u^hoZ1#+>Z\e_gb_/# “#+6#.#7(#hl#ihdZaZgbc,#
hlh[jZ`Z_fh_#ih#mfheqZgbx1, kf+52

>:<E?GB?# IhdZau\Z_l#^Z\e_gb_/#baf_j_ggh_#\#dhgp_# 3#0473#kf+52#+#3#0#473#]IZ,


IE:LH i_jbh^Z#ieZlh#ijbgm^bl_evgh]h#\^hoZ# Lhqghklv=
+lhevdh#:93, +\^ho#ijb#ihklhygghc#\_glbeypbb#9&9# “#+6#.#7(#hl#ihdZaZgby,#
beb#qZklv#^_ckl\by#iZmau#\^hoZ,1# kf+52
H[gh\ey_lky#\#gZqZe_#dZ`^hc#nZau#
\u^hoZ1#WdjZg#>:<E?GB?#hklZ_lky#
imkluf/#_keb#ZiiZjZl#B<E#g_#
h[gZjm`b\Z_l#klZ[bevgh_#^Z\e_gb_#ieZlh1

3((32&3$3 IhdZau\Z_l#^Z\e_gb_/#baf_j_ggh_#\#ebgbb# 3#0#473#kf+52#


+lhevdh#:93, \u^hoZ#i_j_^#ex[uf#mkbeb_f#\^hoZ1# +3#0#473#]IZ,
H[gh\ey_lky#\#gZqZe_#dZ`^hc#nZau#\^hoZ1 Lhqghklv=#
“#+6#.#7(#hl#ihdZaZgby,#
kf+5H
........

1-27
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 28 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

1 <\_^_gb_
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#4-7=#DeZ\bZlmjZ1#>:GGU?#I:PB?GL:#+ijh^1,

DeZ\brZ2
Nmgdpby >bZiZahg
Bg^bdZlhj

KbgojhgbaZpby#^uoZgby

Q:KLHL: IhdZau\Z_l#jZkkqblZggmx#\_ebqbgm# 6#0#4<<#2fbg


+2fbg, h[s_c#qZklhlu#^uoZgby/#[Zabjmxsmxky# Lhqghklv=#“#+3/4#.#4(#hl#
gZ#ij_^u^msbo#93#k_dmg^Zo#beb#;# ihdZaZgbc,2fbg
^uoZgbyo#+dZdhc#bgl_j\Ze#dhjhq_,1#
H[gh\ey_lky#\#gZqZe_#dZ`^h]h#^uoZgby1#
+Hlh[jZ`Z_lky#ih#mfheqZgbx1,
>Zggu_#k[jZku\Zxlky#+b#w djZg#hqbsZ_lky,#
\#gZqZe_#ijhp_kkZ#\_glbeypbb/#\#gZqZe_#
\_glbeypbb#:IGHW#beb#ijb#Z\lhk[jhk_/#
dh]^Z#\u#baf_gy_l_#j_`bf/#lbi#^uoZgby#
beb#gZkljhcdm#Q:KLHLU#>UO:GBY/#Z#
lZd`_#dh]^Z#\u#gZ`b\Z_f_#deZ\brm#k[jhkZ#
lj_\h]1

KHHLGH0 IhdZau\Z_l#khhlghr_gb_#baf_j_ggh]h# 4=<</<#0#</<=4


R?GB?# \j_f_gb#\^hoZ#d#baf_j_gghfm#\j_f_gb# Lhqghklv=#“#+3/4#.#5(,
<^ho=<u^ho \u^hoZ1#H[gh\ey_lky#\#gZqZe_#dZ`^h]h#
^uoZl_evgh]h#pbdeZ1

<j_fy#\^hoZ Baf_j_ggh_#\j_fy#\^hoZ/#\dexqZy# 3/4#0#</<3#k_d


+lhevdh#:93, ^uoZl_evgu_#pbdeu/#dhlhju_#khdjZs_gu# Lhqghklv=
ba0aZ#lj_\h]b#<UKHDH?#>:<E?GB?1# “#3/38#k_d
H[gh\ey_lky#\#gZqZe_#dZ`^hc#nZau#
\u^hoZ1
........

1-28
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 29 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

<\_^_gb_ 1
..............................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#4-7=#DeZ\bZlmjZ1#>:GGU?#I:PB?GL:#+ijh^1,

DeZ\brZ2
Nmgdpby >bZiZahg
Bg^bdZlhj

H[t_f

H;T?F# IhdZau\Z_l#baf_j_gguc#iheguc#h[t_f# 3#0#<#e


<U>HO:#+fe, \u^hoZ#iZpb_glZ/#mkj_^g_gguc#aZ# Lhqghklv=#
ihke_^gb_#8#^uoZl_evguo#pbdeh\#+^ey#$2&# “#+43#fe#.#43(#hl#ihdZaZgbc,
9&9#^uoZgbc/#bgbpbbjm_fuo#ZiiZjZlhf#
3&9#^uoZgbc#b#^uoZgbc#:IGHW#3&9,#
beb#^ey#iheghklvx#aZ\_jr_ggh]h#^uoZgby#
+^ey#\k_o#^jm]bo#^uoZgbc,1#
Kdhjj_dlbjh\Zg#gZ#%736#b#dhfieZcgk0
dhfi_gkbjh\Zg1#H[gh\ey_lky#\#gZqZe_#
dZ`^h]h#^uoZgby1#+Hlh[jZ`Z_lky#ih#
mfheqZgbx1,
>Zggu_#k[jZku\Zxlky#\#gZqZe_#ijhp_kkZ#
\_glbeypbb/#\#gZqZe_#\_glbeypbb#:IGHW#
beb#ijb#Z\lhk[jhk_/#dh]^Z#\u#baf_gy_l_#
j_`bf#beb#lbi#^uoZgby/#Z#lZd`_#dh]^Z#\u#
gZ`b\Z_f_#deZ\brm#k[jhkZ#lj_\h]1

H;SBC# IhdZau\Z_l#baf_j_gguc#fbgmlguc#h[t_f# 3#0#<<#e


FBGMLGUC \u^hoZ#iZpb_glZ/#[Zabjmxsbcky#gZ# Lhqghklv=
H;T?F#+e, ij_^u^msbo#93#k_dmg^Zo#beb#;#^uoZgbyo# “#+43#fe#.#43(#hl#ihdZaZgbc,
+dZdhc#bgl_j\Ze#dhjhq_,1#H[gh\ey_lky#\#
gZqZe_#dZ`^h]h#^uoZgby1
>Zggu_#k[jZku\Zxlky#\#gZqZe_#ijhp_kkZ#
\_glbeypbb/#\#gZqZe_#\_glbeypbb#:IGHW#
beb#Z\lhk[jhkZ/#Z#lZd`_#ihke_#gZ`Zlby#
deZ\brb#K;J1IJ?>MIJ1

>HKL:<0 IhdZau\Z_l#baf_j_gguc#^uoZl_evguc# 3#0#6333#fe#


E?GGUC# h[t_f#\u^hoZ#^ey#ihevghklvx# Lhqghklv=
H;T?F#+fe,# aZ\_jr_ggh]h#3&9#b#369#lbiZ#^uoZgby1# “#+43#fe#.#43(#hl#ihdZaZgby,
+lhevdh#:93, Kdhjj_dlbjh\Zg#gZ#%736#b#dhfieZcgk0
dhfi_gkbjh\Zg1#H[gh\ey_lky#\#gZqZe_#
dZ`^h]h#\^hoZ#^ey#3&9#b#369#lbiZ#
^uoZgby1#
........

1-29
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 30 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

1 <\_^_gb_
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#4-7=#DeZ\bZlmjZ1#>:GGU?#I:PB?GL:#+ijh^1,

DeZ\brZ2
Nmgdpby >bZiZahg
Bg^bdZlhj

H[t_f#+ijh^1,

KIHGL:G0 IhdZau\Z_l#baf_j_gguc#fbgmlguc#h[t_f# 3#0#<<#e


GUC# \u^hoZ#iZpb_glZ#^ey#\k_o#kihglZgguo# Lhqghklv=
FBGMLGUC# ^uoZgbc/#[Zabjmxsbcky#gZ#ij_^u^msbo# “#+43#fe#.#43(#hl#ihdZaZgbc,
H;T?F#+e, 93#k_dmg^Zo#beb#;#^uoZgbyo#+dZdhc#
+lhevdh#:93, bgl_j\Ze#dhjhq_,1#H[gh\ey_lky#\#gZqZe_#
dZ`^h]h#^uoZl_evgh]h#pbdeZ1
>Zggu_#k[jZku\Zxlky#\#gZqZe_#ijhp_kkZ#
\_glbeypbb/#\#gZqZe_#\_glbeypbb#:IGHW#
beb#Z\lhk[jhkZ/#Z#lZd`_#ihke_#gZ`Zlby#
deZ\brb#K;J1IJ?>MIJ1

GZkljhcdb#lj_\h]

<UKHD:Y# :dlb\gZy#lj_\h]Z#mdZau\Z_l#gZ#lh/#qlh# 6#0#433#2fbg


Q:KLHL: baf_jy_fZy#qZklhlZ#^uoZgby#\ur_# Lhqghklv=#“#+314#.#4(#hl#
gZkljhcdb#lj_\h]b1 gZkljhcdb,2#fbg

<UKHDBC# :dlb\gZy#lj_\h]Z#mdZau\Z_l/#qlh#h[t_f# 53#0#9333#fe


>UO:L?EV0 ijb#\u^ho_#^ey#lj_o#ba#q_luj_o# Lhqghklv=#“#+43#fe#.#43(#hl#
GUC#H;T?F ihke_^h\Zl_evguo#^uoZgbc#[ue#\ur_# gZkljhcdb,
gZkljhcdb#lj_\h]b1

GBADH?# :dlb\gZy#lj_\h]Z#mdZau\Z_l/#qlh# 6#0#93#kf+52#+6#0#93#]IZ,


>:<E?GB?# dhgljhebjm_fh_#^Z\e_gb_#dhglmjZ#\#dhgp_# Lhqghklv=#“#+4#.#6(#hl#
G:#<>HO? \^hoZ#gb`_#gZkljhcdb#lj_\h]b1#G_Zdlb\gZ# gZkljhcdb,
ijb#\k_o#klhglZgguo#^uoZgbyo1

GBADBC# :dlb\gZy#lj_\h]Z#mdZau\Z_l/#qlh# 3#0#5333#fe


>UO:L?EV0 ihklZ\ey_fuc#h[t_f#^ey#6#ba#7# Lhqghklv=#“#+43#fe#.#43(#hl#
GUC#H;T?F ihke_^h\Zl_evguo#^uoZl_evguo#pbdeh\# gZkljhcdb,
[ue#gb`_#gZkljhcdb#lj_\h]b1#+?keb#w lZ#
lj_\h]Z#mklZgh\e_gZ#\#3#fe#b#lbi#^uoZgby#
3&9/#Zdlb\gZy#lj_\h]Z#mdZau\Z_l/#qlh#
ihklZ\ey_fuc#h[t_f#f_gvr_#6#fe#^ey#6#ba#
7#ihke_^h\Zl_evguo#^uoZl_evguo#pbdeh\,
........

1-30
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 31 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

<\_^_gb_ 1
..............................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#4-7=#DeZ\bZlmjZ1#>:GGU?#I:PB?GL:#+ijh^1,

DeZ\brZ2
Nmgdpby >bZiZahg
Bg^bdZlhj

GZkljhcdb#lj_\h]#+ijh^1,

<UKHDH?# :dlb\gZy#lj_\h]Z#mdZau\Z_l/#qlh#^\Z# 43#0#<3#kf+52#+43#0#<3#]IZ,


>:<E?GB? ihke_^h\Zl_evguo#^uoZgby#[ueb#mj_aZgu/# Lhqghklv=
ihkdhevdm#^Z\e_gb_#dhglmjZ#^hklb]eh# “#+4#.#6(#hl#gZkljhcdb,
gZkljhcdb#lj_\h]b1

GBADBC# :dlb\gZy#lj_\h]Z#mdZau\Z_l/#qlh# 3#0#83#e


FBGMLGUC# dhgljhebjm_fuc#fbgmlguc#h[t_f#f_gvr_# Lhqghklv=
H;T?F gZkljhcdb#lj_\h]b/#[Zabjmykv#gZ# “#+43#fe#.#43(#hl#gZkljhcdb,
mkj_^g_gbb#^Zgguo#aZ#;#^uoZl_evguo#
pbdeh\#beb#aZ#ij_^u^msmx#fbgmlm/#qlh#
f_gvr_1

Ijhqb_#bg^bdZlhju

=jZnbq_kdbc# IhdZau\Z_l#^Z\e_gb_#\#j_Zevghf#\j_f_gb# 043#0#<3#kf+52


bg^bdZlhj# \#kZglbf_ljZo#\h^gh]h#klhe[Z#+kf+52,#beb# +043#0#<3#]IZ,
^Z\e_gby ]_dlhiZkdZeyo#+]IZ,1#K\_lh^bh^# JZaj_r_gb_=#4#kf+52#+4]IZ,
ihdZau\Z_l#l_dmsmx#gZkljhcdm#
ij_^mij_`^_gby#<UKHDH?#>:<E?GB?#
b#ibdh\h_#^Z\e_gb_#ihke_^g_]h#^uoZgby#\#
l_q_gb_#\u^hoZ1

=jZnbq_kdbc# IhdZau\Z_l#h[t_f#\u^hoZ#\#j_Zevghf# ?keb#gZkljhcdZ#<UKHDBC#


bg^bdZlhj# \j_f_gb#\#fbeebebljZo#+fe,1#H[t_f# >UO:L?EVGUC#H;T?F#?#
h[t_fZ# dhfieZcgk0dhfi_gkbjh\Zg#b#%7360 833#fe=
+lhevdh#:93, kdhjj_dlbjh\Zg1# 3#0#833#fe
:dlb\gZy#rdZeZ#hij_^_ey_lky#gZkljhcdhc# JZaj_r_gb_=#8#fe
lj_\h]b#<UKHDBC#>UO:L?EVGUC#
H;T?F1#Bg^bdZlhj#ihdZau\Z_l#l_dmsb_# ?keb#gZkljhcdZ#<UKHDBC#
gZkljhcdb#lj_\h]#<UKHDBC#
>UO:L?EVGUC#H;T?F#
>UO:L?EVGUC#H;T?F#b#GBADBC# !#833#fe=#3#0#5333#fe
>UO:L?EVGUC#H;T?F1#<u#fh`_l_#
JZaj_r_gb_=#53#fe
bkihevah\Zlv#deZ\brm#F?GX/#qlh[u#
jZaj_rblv#beb#g_l#]jZnbq_kdbc#bg^bdZlhj#
h[t_fZ1
<h#\j_fy#\u^hoZ#bg^bdZlhj#ihdZau\Z_l#
fZdkbfZevguc#h[t_f#\u^hoZ#^ey#
ihke_^g_]h#^uoZl_evgh]h#pbdeZ1
........

1-31
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 32 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

1 <\_^_gb_
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#4-7=#DeZ\bZlmjZ1#>:GGU?#I:PB?GL:#+ijh^1,

DeZ\brZ2
Nmgdpby >bZiZahg
Bg^bdZlhj

Ijhqb_#bg^bdZlhju#+ijh^1,

IJBGM>BL K\_lblky#\#gZqZe_#dZ`^h]h#^uoZgby/#qlh[u# G_l


mdZaZlv#gZ#lh/#qlh#h[_ki_qb\Z_lky#
ijbgm^bl_evgh_#^uoZgb_/#bgbpbbjh\Zggh_#
ZiiZjZlhf#beb#hi_jZlhjhf1

<KIHFH0 K\_lblky#\#gZqZe_#dZ`^h]h#^uoZgby/#qlh[u# G_l


=:L mdZaZlv#gZ#lh/#qlh#h[_ki_qb\Z_lky#
ijbgm^bl_evgh_#^uoZgb_/#bgbpbbjh\Zggh_#
iZpb_glhf#+k i_j_dexq_gb_f#ih#ihlhdm,1

KIHGL K\_lblky#\#gZqZe_#dZ`^h]h#^uoZgby/#qlh[u# G_l


mdZaZlv#gZ#lh/#qlh#h[_ki_qb\Z_lky#
kihglZggh_#^uoZgb_/#bgbpbbjh\Zggh_#
iZpb_glhf#+k#i_j_dexq_gb_f#ih#ihlhdm,1
........

1-32
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 33 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

<\_^_gb_ 1
..............................................................................
41616##KL:LMK#<?GLBEYLHJ:#
Bg^bdZlhju#k_dpbb#deZ\bZlmju#KL:LMK#<?GLBEYLHJ:#ihdZau\Zxl#
khklhygb_#jZ[hlu#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#b#g_ij_ju\gh#h[gh\eyxlky#\#ijhp_kk_#
jZ[hlu1#<#lZ[e1 4-8#kh^_j`Zlky#nmgdpbb#deZ\br#b#bg^bdZlhjh\#\#k_dpbb#
deZ\bZlmju#KL:LMK <?GLBEYLHJ:1

LZ[ebpZ#4-8=#DeZ\bZlmjZ1#KL:LMK#<?GLBEYLHJ:

DeZ\brZ2
P\_l Nmgdpby
Bg^bdZlhj

LJ?<H=: DjZkguc Fb]Z_l/#dh]^Z#Zdlb\gZ#\ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#


+\ukhdbc# lj_\h]Z1#Ih\lhjyxsZyky#ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv#
ijbhjbl_l, lj_o/#aZl_f#^\mo#a\mdh\uo#kb]gZeh\1#K\_lblky#
ihklhyggh/#dh]^Z#\ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z#
[ueZ#Z\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jhr_gZ1

<GBF:GB? @_eluc Fb]Z_l/#dh]^Z#Zdlb\gZ#kj_^g_ijbhjbl_lgZy#


+kj_^gbc# lj_\h]Z1#Ih\lhjyxsZyky#ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv#
ijbhjbl_l, lj_o#a\mdh\uo#kb]gZeh\1#K\_lblky#ihklhyggh/#
dh]^Z#kj_^g_ijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z#[ueZ#
Z\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jhr_gZ1

GHJF: A_e_guc K\_lblky/#dh]^Z#g_l#Zdlb\guo#lj_\h]1

<?GLBEYLHJ# DjZkguc K\_lblky/#qlh[u#mdZaZlv/#qlh#ZiiZjZl#B<E#g_#


G?BKIJ:<?G +\ukhdbc# jZ[hlZ_l/#b#deZiZg#[_ahiZkghklb#hldjul1#Ij_`^_#
ijbhjbl_l, q_f#fh`_l#[ulv#ijh^he`_gZ#ghjfZevgZy#
\_glbeypby/#d\Zebnbpbjh\Zgguc#k_j\bkguc#
ki_pbZebkl#^he`_g#\dexqblvZiiZjZl#B<E#b#
\uihegblv#iheguc#\gmlj_ggbc#l_kl#+I<L,1
?keb#mkeh\b_/#\ua\Z\s__#hldjulb_#deZiZgZ#
[_ahiZkghklb/#[hevr_#g_#kms_kl\m_l#b#bg^bdZlhj#
<?GLBEYLHJ#G?BKIJ:<?G#\udexq_g/#
gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#k[jhkZ#lj_\h]#^ey#
\hah[gh\e_gby#\_glbeypbb1
........

1-33
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 34 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

1 <\_^_gb_
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#4-8=#DeZ\bZlmjZ1#KL:LMK#<?GLBEYLHJ:#+ijh^1,

DeZ\brZ2
P\_l Nmgdpby
Bg^bdZlhj

DE:I:G# DjZkguc K\_lblky/#dh]^Z#deZiZg#[_ahiZkghklb#b#deZiZg#


;?AHI:KGHKLB# +\ukhdbc# \u^hoZ#hldjulu/#b#iZpb_gl#^urbl#lhevdh#
HLDJUL ijbhjbl_l, dhfgZlguf#\ha^mohf1
Fh`_l#mdZau\Zlv#gZ#lh/#qlh#ZiiZjZl#B<E#g_#
jZ[hlZ_l#beb#qlh#bf__lky#aZdmihjdZ#\#
^uoZl_evghf#dhglmj_1#?keb#\hafh`gh/#\#hdg_#
khh[s_gby#[m^_l#ihdZaZgZ#lj_\h]Z/#dhlhjZy#
\ua\ZeZ#hldju\Zgb_#deZiZgZ#[_ahiZkghklb/#b#
kdhevdh#\j_f_gb#ijhreh#k#l_o#ihj/#dZd#[ueh#
ijhba\_^_gh#ihke_^g__#^uoZgb_1

K?LV#<DE2 A_e_guc K\_lblky/#dh]^Z#ZiiZjZl#B<E#jZ[hlZ_l#hl#k_lb#


IH>A:JY>D:1# i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ/#b#[ZlZj_b#aZjy`Zxlky1
;:L:J?B

<GMLJ?GGYY# @_eluc K\_lblky/#dh]^Z#ZiiZjZl#B<E#jZ[hlZ_l#hl#


;:L:J?Y#<DE1 \gmlj_gg_c#[ZlZj_b1

<G?RGYY#;:L:J @_eluc K\_lblky/#dh]^Z#ZiiZjZl#B<E#jZ[hlZ_l#hl#


?Y#<DE \g_rg_c#[ZlZj_b1

KL?I?GV A_e_guc IhdZau\Z_l#hlghkbl_evguc#mjh\_gv#aZjy^Z#


A:JY>:#<GMLJ \gmlj_gg_c#[ZlZj_b1
1;:L1

@_eluc I:MA:#IJ?>MIJ1=#HldexqZ_l#a\mdh\hc#kb]gZe#
5#fbg# lj_\h]b#\#l_q_gb_#^\mo#fbgml#k#fhf_glZ#
ihke_^g_]h#gZ`Zlby#deZ\brb1

G_l K;J1#IJ?>MIJ1=#HqbsZ_l#\k_#bg^bdZlhju#
bg^bdZlhju/#hlf_gy_l#iZmam#lj_\h]b#b#
K;JHK
k[jZku\Zxl#hlh[jZ`Z_fu_#^Zggu_#iZpb_glZ1#
?keb#mkeh\b_/#\ua\Z\r__#lj_\h]m/#\k_#_s_#
kms_kl\m_l/#lj_\h]Z#\gh\v#Zdlb\babjm_lky1#
Hlf_gy_l#\_glbeypbx#:IGHW/#_keb#hgZ#Zdlb\gZ1#
<gh\v#mklZgZ\eb\Z_l#ij_^u^msb_#gZkljhcdb#b#
\hkklZgZ\eb\Z_l#\_glbeypbx/#_keb#ZiiZjZl#B<E#
bkijZ\_g1#
........

1-34
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 1 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

=eZ\Z

GZkljhcdZ#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E 5 2
.............................................................................
WlZ#]eZ\Z#hibku\Z_l#fhglZ`#qZkl_c#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E/#\dexqZy=
• ih^dexq_gb_#b#jZ[hlm#\gmlj_gg_c#b#\g_rg_c#[ZlZj_c>
• ih^dexq_gb_#w e_dljbq_kdh]h#iblZgby>
• kh_^bg_gb_#k#bklhqgbdhf#dbkehjh^Z>
• k[hjdm#^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ>
• mklZgh\dm#dhee_dlhjZ>
• mklZgh\dm#^_j`Zl_ey#dhglmjZ>
• mklZgh\dm#m\eZ`gbl_ey>
• bkihevah\Zgb_#l_e_`db#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E1

Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
• Qlh[u#ba[_`Zlv#hijhdb^u\Zgby#beb#ih\j_`^_gby#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E/#
g_evay#deZklv#gZ#g_]h#^jm]h_#h[hjm^h\Zgb_1#:iiZjZlu#B<E#
k_jbb :33#fh]ml#mklZgZ\eb\Zlvky#gZ#l_e_`dm#beb#ihedm1#Wlb#
^_ckl\by#^he`gu#ijhba\h^blvky#d\Zebnbpbjh\Zgguf#k_j\bkguf#
ki_pbZebklhf1#?keb#lj_[m_lky#ih^gylv#ZiiZjZl#B<E/#[_jbl_kv#aZ#
hkgh\Zgb_#dhjimkZ#b#jZ[hlZcl_#\^\h_f/#kh[ex^Zy#khhl\_lkl\mxsb_#
f_ju#l_ogbdb#[_ahiZkghklb1#Kihkh[#ih^t_fZ#ihdZaZg#gZ#jbk1 5-41
• Qlh[u#g_#ijbqbgblv#\j_^Z#iZpb_glm#b#^ey#]ZjZglbb#ijZ\bevgh]h#
nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgby#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#g_#ih^dexqZcl_#gbdZdbo#
mkljhckl\#d#ihjlm#Ä<UOH>³/#_keb#^Zggu_#mkljhckl\Z#g_#
jZaj_r_gu#^ey#bkihevah\Zgby#nbjfhc#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW1
• Qlh[u#fbgbfbabjh\Zlv#jbkd#\ha]hjZgby#ba0aZ#dbkehjh^gh0
h[h]Zs_gghc#kj_^u/#g_#bkihevamcl_#ZiiZjZl#B<E#\#dZf_jZo#=;H1
• Qlh[u#ba[_`Zlv#m\_ebq_gby#dhgp_gljZpbb#dbkehjh^Z#\#dhfgZlghf#
\ha^mo_/#bkihevamcl_#ZiiZjZl#B<E#\#ohjhrh#ijh\_ljb\Z_fhf#
ihf_s_gbb1
........

2-1
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 2 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

2 GZkljhcdZ#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E
..........................................................................
<gbfZgb_
G_#aZkehgycl_#hoeZ`^Zxsbc#\_glbeylhj1

Ih^gbfZcl_#\^\h_f

Ih^gbfZcl_#lhevdh#aZ#
hkgh\Zgb_
7-00053

Jbk1#5-41##Ih^t_f#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E

514##Ih^dexq_gb_#b#jZ[hlZ#\gmlj_gg_c#b#\g_rg_c#[ZlZj_c
Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
;ZlZj_b#nbjfu#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#^he`gu#[ulv#\k_]^Z#mklZgh\e_gu#
\#ZiiZjZl_#B<E1#;_a#[ZlZj_b#ZiiZjZl#g_#aZsbs_g#hl#iZ^_gby#beb#ihl_jb#
gZijy`_gby#\#k_lb#i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ1#G_#bkihevamcl_#ZiiZjZl#B<E/#
ihdZ#g_#mklZgh\e_gZ#[ZlZj_y#ih#djZcg_c#f_j_#k#fbgbfZevguf#aZjy^hf1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
?keb#ZiiZjZl#B<E#ojZgbeky#\#l_q_gb_#^ebl_evgh]h#\j_f_gb/#i_j_^#
\dexq_gb_f#^Zcl_#_fm#\hafh`ghklv#ijbkihkh[blvky#d#mkeh\byf#
hdjm`Zxs_c#kj_^u1#Ijb#w lhf#\u#[m^_l_#m\_j_gu/#qlh#ihke_#\dexq_gby#
ZiiZjZl#aZjZ[hlZ_l#ijZ\bevgh1
........

2-2
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 3 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

GZkljhcdZ#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E 2
..............................................................................
DZ`^uc#ZiiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:33#\#dZq_kl\_#j_a_j\gh]h#[ehdZ#iblZgby#bf__l#
\gmlj_ggxx#[ZlZj_x/#dhlhjZy#ihklZ\ey_lky#\#dhfie_dl_#k#ZiiZjZlhf#B<E1#
<gmlj_ggyy#[ZlZj_y#fh`_l#h[_ki_qblv#^h#5/8#qZkh\#jZ[hlu#\#aZ\bkbfhklb#hl#
gZkljh_d#ijb[hjZ#b#mjh\gy#aZjy^Z#[ZlZj_b1#:iiZjZl#B<E#jZ[hlZ_l#hl#
j_a_j\gh]h#iblZgby/#dh]^Z#gZijy`_gb_#\#k_lb#i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ#bkq_aZ_l#
beb#iZ^Z_l#gb`_#hij_^_e_ggh]h#fbgbfmfZ1#Mjh\_gv#aZjy^Z#\gmlj_gg_c#
[ZlZj_b#g_ij_ju\gh#hlh[jZ`Z_lky#gZ#deZ\bZlmj_#+kf1#jbk1 5-5,1#:iiZjZl#
B<E#\u^Z_l#kb]gZe#lj_\h]b/#dh]^Z#hg#hij_^_ey_l/#qlh#ijb#l_dmsbo#
gZkljhcdZo#hklZehkv#aZjy^Z#lhevdh#gZ#8#fbgml#jZ[hlu1

- +

Mjh\_gv#aZjy^Z#[ZlZj_b

7-00054

Jbk1#5-51##Bg^bdZlhj#aZjy^Z#\gmlj_gg_c#[ZlZj_b

>hihegbl_evgZy#\g_rgyy#[ZlZj_y#h[_ki_qb\Z_l#^hihegbl_evgh#^h#:#qZkh\#
jZ[hlu#\#kemqZ_/#_keb#gZijy`_gb_#\#k_lb#i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ#bkq_aZ_l#beb#
iZ^Z_l#gb`_#hij_^_e_ggh]h#ij_^_eZ1#+BgnhjfZpbx#h#aZdZa_#\g_rg_c#
[ZlZj_b#kf1#\#ijbe1 %,1#?keb#\g_rgyy#[ZlZj_y#mklZgh\e_gZ/#hgZ#y\ey_lky#
i_j\bqguf#bklhqgbdhf#j_a_j\gh]h#iblZgby1#:iiZjZl#B<E#bkihevam_l#
\gmlj_ggxx#[ZlZj_x/#_keb#\g_rgyy#[ZlZj_y#jZajy`_gZ#beb#g_#
ih^kh_^bg_gZ1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
Dh]^Z#ZiiZjZl#B<E#hldexqZ_lky#ba0aZ#g_^hklZldZ#aZjy^Z#[ZlZj_b/#
\udexqbl_#lmf[e_j#iblZgby#^ey#ij_^hojZg_gby#[ZlZj_b#hl#ihegh]h#
jZajy^Z1#Ih^dexqbl_#ZiiZjZl#d#k_lb#i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ#dZd#fh`gh#
kdhj__1
........

2-3
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 4 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

2 GZkljhcdZ#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E
..........................................................................
Ih^aZjy^dZ#\gmlj_gg_c#b#\g_rg_c#[ZlZj_c#hl#k_lb#i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ#
ijhbkoh^bl#\h#\j_fy#jZ[hlu#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#beb#\#j_`bf_#h`b^Zgby#ijb#
ih^dexq_gbb#d#k_lb#i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ#+ki_pbnbdZpbx#gZ#[ZlZj_b#kf1#\#
ijbe1 &,1#?keb#ijb[hj#jZ[hlZ_l#hl#[ZlZj_b/#\u#fh`_l_#bkihevah\Zlv#
deZ\brm#F?GX/#qlh[u#hp_gblv#\j_fy/#hklZ\r__ky#^h#lh]h#fhf_glZ/#dh]^Z#
g_h[oh^bfh#i_j_aZjy^blv#\gmlj_ggxx#beb#\g_rgxx#[ZlZj_x#
+bkihevah\Zgb_#deZ\brb#F?GX#hibkZgh#\#]e1 9,1#:iiZjZl#B<E#^he`_g#
jZ[hlZlv#g_#f_g__#43#fbgml#^h#lh]h/#dZd#hg#kfh`_l#hp_gblv#hklZ\r__ky#
\j_fy#jZ[hlu#[ZlZj_b1#
<u#fh`_l_#hldexqZlv#b#ih^dexqZlv#\g_rgxx#[ZlZj_x#\#ijhp_kk_#
ghjfZevghc#jZ[hlu#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E1#?keb#ijb[hj#jZ[hlZ_l#hl#[ZlZj_b/#lh#
\g_rgxx#[ZlZj_x#fh`gh#mklZgh\blv#gZ#l_e_`d_/#qlh[u#h[e_]qblv#__#
ljZgkihjlbjh\dm1#Qlh[u#ih^dexqblv#\g_rgxx#[ZlZj_x/#g_h[oh^bfh#
\uihegblv#ke_^mxsb_#^_ckl\by1
41 MklZgh\blv#\g_rgxx#[ZlZj_x#gZ#hkgh\Zgb_#l_e_`db#+beb#\#^jm]hc#
m^h[ghc#ihabpbb,1
51 Ih^dexqblv#dZ[_ev#\g_rg_c#[ZlZj_b#d#jZat_fm#+jbk1 5-6,1
61 GZ#jbk1 5-7#ihdZaZgh/#dZd#ih^kh_^bgblv#\g_rgxx#[ZlZj_x1
>ey#khojZg_gby#aZjy^Z#[ZlZj_c#hklZ\eycl_#ZiiZjZl#B<E#\#j_`bf_#
h`b^Zgby/#k#\dexq_gguf#i_j_dexqZl_e_f#iblZgby/#b#ih^dexq_gguf#d#k_lb#
i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ1#?keb#ijb[hj#g_#ojZgblky#\#lZdhf#j_`bf_/#i_j_^#
bkihevah\Zgb_f#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#ijh\_jvl_#mjh\gb#aZjy^Z#[ZlZj_c1

<gbfZgb_
?keb#\u#g_#ieZgbjm_l_#bkihevah\Zlv#ZiiZjZl#B<E#ih#djZcg_c#f_j_#\#
l_q_gb_#9#f_kyp_\/#lh#i_j_^#ojZg_gb_f#kgbfbl_#[ZlZj_b1#Ij_`^_#q_f#
bkihevah\Zlv#ijb[hj#kgh\Z/#mklZgh\bl_#\gmlj_ggxx#[ZlZj_x1#
MklZgZ\eb\Zlv#[ZlZj_x#^he`_g#d\Zebnbpbjh\Zgguc#k_j\bkguc#
ki_pbZebkl#kh]eZkgh#bgkljmdpbyf#\#^hdmf_gl_#Jmdh\h^kl\h#ih#
h[kem`b\Zgbx#ZiiZjZlh\#B<E#k_jbb#:331

?keb#\u#\dexqZ_l_#ZiiZjZl#B<E#ihke_#lh]h/#dZd#hg#[ue#hldexq_g#\#
l_q_gb_ ^ebl_evgh]h#i_jbh^Z/#fh`_l#ihy\blky#ij_^mij_`^_gb_#
J:AJY>#<GMLJ1#;:L:J?B1#<#w lhf#kemqZ_#ih^aZjy^bl_#\gmlj_ggxx#
[ZlZj_x/#hklZ\b\#ijb[hj#\dexq_gguf#\#k_lv#iblZgby#b#gZoh^ysbfky#\#
j_`bf_#h`b^Zgby#+[_a#iZpb_glZ,#gZ#i_jbh^#^h#;#qZkh\1
........

2-4
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 5 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

GZkljhcdZ#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E 2
..............................................................................
?keb#lj_\h]b#J:AJY>#<G?RG1#;:L:J?B/#J:AJY>#<GMLJ1#
;:L:J?B#beb#G?L#A:JY>DB#;:L:J?B#\k_#_s_#Zdlb\gu#ihke_#;#qZkh\#
ih^aZjy^db/#aZf_gbl_#[ZlZj_b1#?keb#\u#\udexqZ_l_#ZiiZjZl#B<E/#dh]^Z#
[ZlZj_y#hlkmlkl\m_l#beb#g_#aZjy`_gZ/#lj_\h]Z#G?L#IBL:GBY#[m^_l#
a\mqZlv#g_#f_g__#5#fbgml1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
Dh]^Z#ZiiZjZl#B<E#jZ[hlZ_l#hl#[ZlZj_b/#fb]Z_l#bg^bdZlhj#;:L:J
?Y#<DE1

JZat_f#
\g_rg_c#
[ZlZj_b

<g_rgyy#
[ZlZj_y

7-00055

Jbk1#5-61##Ih^dexq_gb_#\g_rg_c#[ZlZj_b#d#ZiiZjZlm#B<E
........

2-5
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 6 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

2 GZkljhcdZ#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E
..........................................................................

7-00051

Jbk1#5-71##Hldexq_gb_#\g_rg_c#[ZlZj_b

515##Kh_^bg_gb_#k#bklhqgbdhf#iblZgby
Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
• Qlh[u#ba[_`Zlv#jbkdZ#ihjZ`_gby#w e_dljbq_kddbf#lhdhf/#
bkihevamcl_#^ey#iblZgby#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#rgmj#k#aZa_fe_gb_f1#?keb#
\u#g_#m\_j_gu#\#p_ehklghklb#aZa_fe_gby#k_lb#i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ/#lh#
bkihevamcl_#\gmlj_ggxx#beb#\g_rgxx#[ZlZj_x1
• Ijb#bkihevah\Zgbb#\#KR:#ih^dexqZcl_#ZiiZjZl#B<E#d#k_lb#
i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ/#ihf_q_gghc#Ä+RVSLWDO#2QO\³#beb#Ä+RVSLWDO#*UDGH³#
+^ey#gZ^_`gh]h#aZa_fe_gby,1

DZ`^uc#ZiiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:33#ihklZ\ey_lky#kh#rgmjhf#iblZgby1#
>_j`Zl_ev#rgmjZ#iblZgby#aZdju\Z_l#dhglZdlu#b#jZat_f#^ey#aZsblu#hl#
ihiZ^Zgby#`b^dhklb#beb#kemqZcgh]h#jZat_^bg_gby1
........

2-6
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 7 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

GZkljhcdZ#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E 2
..............................................................................
Dh]^Z#ZiiZjZl#B<E#]hlh\#^ey#jZ[hlu#hl#k_lb/#\klZ\vl_#rgmj#iblZgby#\#k_lv#
i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ#+kf1#jbk1 5-8,1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
Ijb#jZ[hl_#hl#k_lb#i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ#^_j`Zl_ev#rgmjZ#iblZgby#\k_]^Z#
^he`_g#gZoh^blvky#gZ#f_kl_1

D#k_lb#
i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ
>_j`Zl_ev#rgmjZ#iblZgby
·

Rgmj#iblZgby
7-00056

Jbk1#5-81##Ijbkh_^bg_gb_#rgmjZ#iblZgby#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E

Dh]^Z#rgmj#iblZgby#g_#bkihevam_lky/#fh`gh#ojZgblv#_]h/#h[_jgm\#\hdjm]#
kdh[#gZ#aZ^g_c#iZg_eb#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#+kf1#jbk1 5-9,1

7-00057

Jbk1#5-91##OjZg_gb_#rgmjZ#iblZgby#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E
........

2-7
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 8 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

2 GZkljhcdZ#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E
..........................................................................
516##Kh_^bg_gb_#k#bklhqgbdhf#dbkehjh^Z
Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
• Qlh[u#h[_ki_qblv#ijZ\bevgmx#dhgp_gljZpbx#dbkehjh^Z/#g_#
aZ]hjZ`b\Zcl_#\ha^mohaZ[hjgbd#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E1
• Qlh[u#]ZjZglbjh\Zlv#ijZ\bevgmx#ih^Zqm#dbkehjh^Z#iZpb_glm/#
bkihevamcl_#lhevdh#dbkehjh^gu_#reZg]b#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW1#
Bkihevah\Zgb_#^jm]bo#dbkehjh^guo#reZg]h\#fh`_l#ijb\_klb#d#
h[jZah\Zgbx#g_Z^_d\Zgluo#beb#g_ih^oh^ysbo#^Z\e_gbc#dbkehjh^Z#
beb#d#_]h#ml_qd_1
• Ijb#bkihevah\Zgbb#dbkehjh^guo#[Zeehgh\#jZaf_sZcl_#bo#\#
hl^Ze_gbb#hl#\ha^mohaZ[hjgbdZ#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E1#Wlh#ihfh`_l#
ba[_`Zlv#i_j_h[h]Zs_gby#dbkehjh^hf#kj_^u/#\#dhlhjhc#gZoh^blky#
ZiiZjZl/#\#kemqZ_#g_bkijZ\ghkl_c#j_^mdlhjZ#dbkehjh^gh]h#[ZeehgZ1

:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:33#fh`_l#bkihevah\Zlv#dbkehjh^#ba#[ZeehgZ#beb#ba#
\g_rg_c#kl_gghc#fZ]bkljZeb1#>ey#ijbkh_^bg_gby#bklhqgbdZ#dbkehjh^Z#
\uihegbl_#ke_^mxsb_#^_ckl\by1
41 M[_^bl_kv/#qlh#ih^Z\Z_fh_#^Z\e_gb_#dbkehjh^Z#gZoh^blky#\#^bZiZahg_#
73#0#<3#SVL#+5:8#0#953#dIZ,1#J_dhf_g^m_lky#83#SVL#+678#dIZ,1

Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
Kh]eZkgh#kljh]bf#ijZ\beZf#gZ#dhgdj_lgu_#k[hjdb#reZg]h\#
+i_j_qbke_ggu_#\#lZ[e1 %-4,/#kgb`_ggu_#mjh\gb#),25#fh]ml#[ulv#
j_amevlZlhf#lh]h/#qlh#^Z\e_gb_#\#ihjl_#dbkehjh^Z#?#83#SVL#+678#dIZ,1#
>ey h[_ki_q_gby#ijZ\bevguo#mjh\g_c#),25#m[_^bl_kv/#qlh#ijb#
bkihevah\Zgbb#^Zgguo#k[hjhd#reZg]h\#^Z\e_gb_#\#ihjl_#dbkehjh^Z#
≥#83#SVL#+678#dIZ,1

51 Kh_^bgbl_#bklhqgbd#dbkehjh^Z#k#jZat_fhf#ihjlZ#dbkehjh^Z#gZ#
[hdh\hc#klhjhg_#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#+kf1#jbk1 5-:,1#M[_^bl_kv#\#lhf/#qlh#
ijb[hj#kh[jZg#k#lj_[m_fufb#Z^Zil_jZfb#+i_j_oh^gbdZfb,1
........

2-8
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 9 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

GZkljhcdZ#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E 2
..............................................................................
<gbfZgb_
Qlh[u#g_#ih\j_^blv#ZiiZjZl#B<E/#m[_^bl_kv#\#lhf/#qlh#ih^kh_^bg_gb_#
bklhqgbdZ#dbkehjh^Z#\uiheg_gh#lsZl_evgh#b#ZddmjZlgh1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
Dh]^Z#d#ZiiZjZlm#B<E#ih^dexq_g#bklhqgbd#k`Zlh]h#dbkehjh^Z/#
fZdkbfZevgZy#kdhjhklv#ihlhdZ#\#j_]meylhj_#dbkehjh^Z#khklZ\ey_l#
6 e2fbg/#^Z`_#dh]^Z#ijb[hj#g_#bkihevam_lky1#<k_]^Z#mqblu\Zcl_#w lm#
kdhjhklv#ijb#\uqbke_gbb#h[t_fZ#dbkehjh^Z#b#ijh^he`bl_evghklb#
jZ[hlu1#Wlh#hkh[_ggh#\Z`gh/#dh]^Z#ZiiZjZl#B<E#b#l_e_`dZ#
bkihevamxlky#ijb#ljZgkihjlbjh\d_#iZpb_glh\/#\_glbeypby#dhlhjuo#
hkms_kl\ey_lky#k#mjh\gyfb#),25#\ur_#Zlfhkn_jgh]h1

JZat_f#ihjlZ#dbkehjh^Z

DbFehjh^guc#reZg]#
<ha^mohaZ[hjgbd +d#bklhqgbdm#dbkehjh^Z,

7-00058

Jbk1#5-:1##Ih^kh_^bg_gb_#bklhqgbdZ#dbkehjh^Z
........

2-9
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 10 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

2 GZkljhcdZ#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E
..........................................................................
517##FhglZ`#^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ
Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
• Qlh[u#fbgbfbabjh\Zlv#jbkd#[Zdl_jbZevgh]h#aZjZ`_gby#beb#
ih\j_`^_gby#ijbgZ^e_`ghkl_c/#g_h[oh^bfh#\k_]^Z#hklhjh`gh#
h[jZsZlvky#k#nbevljZfb#\^hoZ#b#\u^hoZ#b#ijb#jZ[hl_#ih^dexqZlv#
bo#d#ZiiZjZlm#B<E1
• Bkihevah\Zgb_#\g_rg_]h#ig_\fZlbq_kdh]h#jZkiuebl_ey#k#
ZiiZjZlhf#B<E#k_jbb#:33#m\_ebqb\Z_l#ihlhd#\#^uoZl_evghf#
dhglmj_#ijb[hjZ1#Wlhl#^hihegbl_evguc#ihlhd#fh`_l#ih\ebylv#gZ#
ihklZ\ey_fu_#^uoZl_evgu_#h[t_fu/#kibjhf_ljbx#b#kb]gZebaZpbx#
kibjhf_ljbb/#ihklZ\ey_fuc#)L25#b#i_j_dexq_gb_#\_glbeypbb#
iZpb_glZ1#+H^gZdh#jZkiuebl_ev#(DV\1HEŒ#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#
jZajZ[hlZg#lZdbf#h[jZahf/#qlh[u#ihklZ\eylv#Zw jhahevgu_#
f_^bdZf_glu#iZpb_glm/#g_#\ebyy#gZ#jZ[hlm#ZiiZjZlZ#beb#^Zggu_#
iZpb_glZ,1
• Qlh[u#fbgbfbabjh\Zlv#jbkd#ijbqbg_gby#\j_^Z#iZpb_glm/#
ijbf_gycl_#lhevdh#^uoZl_evguc#dhglmj/#ijb]h^guc#^ey#jZ[hlu#k#
ZiiZjZlhf#B<E#k_jbb#:33#\#dbkehjh^gh0h[h]Zs_gguo#kj_^Zo1#G_#
bkihevamcl_#ZglbklZlbq_kdb_#beb#w e_dljhijh\h^ysb_#ljm[db1#
Qlh[u#]ZjZglbjh\Zlv#kh_^bg_gb_#[_a#ml_q_d/#bkihevamcl_#lhevdh#
jZat_fu#b#ljm[db#k#kh_^bg_gbyfb#ih#klZg^Zjlm#,62#+^ey#
g_klZg^Zjlguo#kh_^bg_gbc#bkihevamcl_#i_j_oh^gbdb#^ey#klZg^ZjlZ#
,62,1
• Bkihevamcl_#^uoZl_evgu_#dhglmju/#ij_^gZagZq_ggu_#1HOOFRU#
3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#^ey#jZ[hlu#k#ZiiZjZlhf#B<E#k_jbb#:33/#beb#
dhglmju/#dhlhju_#]ZjZglbjmxl/#qlh#g_#ij_\ur_gu#fZdkbfZevgu_#
agZq_gby#khijhlb\e_gby/#mdZaZggu_#\#lZ[e1 &-81#Bkihevah\Zgb_#
dhglmjZ#k#\ukhdbf#khijhlb\e_gb_f#g_#f_rZ_l#ijh\h^blv#
\_glbeypbx#\h#\j_fy#\uiheg_gby#l_klZ#D<L1

<gbfZgb_
>hihegbl_evgu_#ijbgZ^e_`ghklb#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#fh]ml#m\_ebqblv#
khijhlb\e_gb_#kbkl_fu1#M[_^bl_kv/#qlh#gbdZdb_#baf_g_gby#\#
j_dhf_g^h\Zgghc#dhgnb]mjZpbb#dhglmjZ#ijb[hjZ#g_#ijb\h^yl#d#
ij_\ur_gbx#agZq_gby#khijhlb\e_gby/#ij_^mkfhlj_ggh]h#\#ijbe1 &1
........

2-10
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 11 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

GZkljhcdZ#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E 2
..............................................................................
IJBF?Q:GB?=
• NbjfZ#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#j_dhf_g^m_l#\uihegylv#l_kl#D<L#
dZ`^u_#48#^g_c#f_`^m#h[kem`b\Zgb_f#iZpb_glh\/#Z#lZd`_#dZ`^uc#
jZa#ijb#baf_g_gbb#^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ1#NbjfZ#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#
%HQQHWW#ijbagZ_l/#qlh#ijhlhdhe#\uiheg_gby#l_klZ#D<L#fh`_l#
kbevgh#hlebqZlvky#hl#^jm]bo#ijhlhdheh\/#bkihevam_fuo#\#
mqj_`^_gbyo#a^jZ\hhojZg_gby1#Gh#nbjfZ#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#g_#
fh`_l#hij_^_eblv#beb#lj_[h\Zlv#ih#j_amevlZlZf#l_klZ#
hij_^_e_gguo#^_ckl\bc/#m^h\e_l\hjyxsbo#\k_f#\hafh`guf#
lj_[h\Zgbyf/#beb#hl\_qZlv#aZ#w nn_dlb\ghklv#lZdbo#^_ckl\bc1
• :iiZjZl#B<E#bkihevam_l#^Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z#^ey#\dexq_gby#lj_\h]b/#
_keb#ihklZ\ey_fuc#(#25#gZ#43#ijhp_glh\#\ur_#beb#gb`_#
mklZgh\e_ggh]h1#<u#fh`_l_#ijhkfhlj_lv#baf_j_gb_#(#25#k#
ihfhsvx#nmgdpbb#GZkljhcdb#iheva1#deZ\brb#F?GX1
• Ijh\_jvl_#ebgbb#\^hoZ#b#\u^hoZ#^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ/#dhee_dlhj#
b#\eZ]hk[hjgbdb1#Ijb#hij_^_e_gguo#mkeh\byo#hgb#fh]ml#[ukljh#
aZihegylvky#\h^hc1#<#kemqZ_#lj_\h]b#qZklbqghc#hddexabb#ijh\_jvl_#
gZebqb_#\h^u#\#^uoZl_evghf#dhglmj_1#<#hq_gv#k_jv_aguo#kemqZyo#
lZdh_#aZdmihjb\Zgb_#fh`_l#ijb\_klb#ZiiZjZl#B<E#\#j_`bf#
\_glbeypbb#hddexabb1#Ijb#g_h[oh^bfhklb#hihjh`gbl_#b#hqbklbl_#
dhee_dlhj#b#\eZ]hk[hjgbdb1
• NbjfZ#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#j_dhf_g^m_l#bkihevah\Zlv#ijb#
\_glbeypbb#iZpb_glh\#i_^bZljbq_kdb_#dhglmju#k#80ff#b#f_g__#
\gmlj_ggbf#^bZf_ljhf#\ha^mrgh]h#imlb1

GZ#jbk1 5-;#ihdZaZgh/#dZd#kh_^bgblv#^uoZl_evguc#dhglmj#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E/#
\dexqZy#nbevlj#\^hoZ/#m\eZ`gbl_ev#+_keb#bkihevam_lky,/#ebgbx#\^hoZ/#
ljhcgbd#iZpb_glZ/#ebgbx#\u^hoZ/#dhee_dlhj#b#nbevlj#\u^hoZ1
........

2-11
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 12 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

2 GZkljhcdZ#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E
..........................................................................

<_glbeylhj <_glbeylhj#
+hl#iZpb_glZ, +d#iZpb_glm,

Nbevlj#\^hoZ#
Nbevlj#\u^hoZ#
+klj_edZ#mdZau\Z_l#
+klj_edZ#mdZau\Z_l#
gZijZ\e_gb_#ihlhdZ,
gZijZ\e_gb_#ihlhdZ,

M\eZ`gbl_ev

Ebgby#\^hoZ#
^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ#
+mklZgh\e_g#(DV\1HE#
f_`^m#nbevljhf#\^hoZ#b#
ljhcgbdhf#iZpb_glZ,
Dhee_dlhj

Ebgby#\^hoZ#
^uoZl_evgh]h# Ljhcgbd#
dhglmjZ iZpb_glZ

Jbk1#5-;1##FhglZ`#^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ
........

2-12
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 13 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

GZkljhcdZ#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E 2
..............................................................................
518##MklZgh\dZ#dhee_dlhjZ
GZ#jbk1 5-<#ihdZaZgh/#dZd#ihf_klblv#dhee_dlhj#\#djhgrl_cgu#l_e_`db#beb#
ieZklbgu/#ijbdj_ie_gghc#d#kl_g_1

Djhgrl_cg#
+gZ#l_e_`d_#beb#
gZ#ieZklbg_/#
ijbdj_ie_gghc#
d#kl_g_,
Dhee_dlhj

7-00060

Jbk1#5-<1##MklZgh\dZ#dhee_dlhjZ

........

2-13
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 14 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

2 GZkljhcdZ#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E
..........................................................................
519##MklZgh\dZ#^_j`Zl_ey#dhglmjZ
GZ#jbk1 5-43#ihdZaZgh/#dZd#mklZgZ\eb\Zlv#^_j`Zl_ev#dhglmjZ#\#]g_a^h#k#
j_av[hc#gZ#ZiiZjZl_#B<E1

>_j`Zl_ev#
dhglmjZ

7-00061

Jbk1#5-431##MklZgh\dZ#^_j`Zl_ey#dhglmjZ
........

2-14
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 15 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

GZkljhcdZ#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E 2
..............................................................................
IJBF?Q:GB?=
?keb#^_j`Zl_ev#dhglmjZ#kebrdhf#\_ebd#^ey#mklZgh\db#\#lj_[m_fhf#
f_kl_/#\u#fh`_l_#mdhjhlblv#_]h/#m^Zeb\#kj_^gbc#k_]f_gl#+jbk1 5-44,1

M^Zeblv

M^Zeblv

M^Zeblv

7-00062

Jbk1#5-441##MdhjZqb\Zgb_#^_j`Zl_ey#dhglmjZ
........

2-15
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 16 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

2 GZkljhcdZ#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E
..........................................................................
51:##MklZgh\dZ#m\eZ`gbl_ey
GZ#jbk1 5-45#ihdZaZgh/#dZd#ihf_klblv#m\eZ`gbl_ev#\#djhgrl_cg#l_e_`db#
beb#ieZklbgu/#aZdj_ie_gghc#\#kl_g_1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
M\eZ`gbl_ev#^he`_g#bf_lv#g_aZ\bkbfh_#hl#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#
w e_djhiblZgb_#+ijb#iblZgbb#hl#k_lb#b#hl#[ZlZj_b,1

Djhgrl_cg#
+gZ#l_e_`d_#beb#
gZ#ieZklbg_/#
ijbdj_ie_gghcd
kl_g_,

M\eZ`gbl_ev
7-00063

Jbk1#5-451##MklZgh\dZ#m\eZ`gbl_ey#
........

2-16
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 17 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

GZkljhcdZ#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E 2
..............................................................................
51;##Bkihevah\Zgb_#l_e_`db
L_e_`dZ#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#h[hjm^h\ZgZ#hlk_dhf#^ey#jZaf_s_gby#\g_rg_c#
[ZlZj_b1#GZ#jbk1 5-46#ihdZaZgh/#dZd#fh`gh#[ehdbjh\Zlv#b#jZa[ehdbjh\Zlv#
i_j_^gb_#dhe_kZ#l_e_`db#gh]hc1

<gbfZgb_
Qlh[u#ij_^hl\jZlblv#ih\j_`^_gb_#h[hjm^h\Zgby/#ijb#i_j_f_s_gbb#
ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#q_j_a#ihjh]b#k#bkihevah\Zgb_f#l_e_`db#g_#lhedZcl_/#Z#
lygbl_#l_e_`dm1#M[_^bl_kv/#qlh#^_j`Zl_ev#^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ#
gZoh^blky#ki_j_^b#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E1

Hkgh\Zgb_#
+l_e_`dZ,#
ZiiZjZlZ#B<E

JZa[ehdbjh\Zgh

AZ[ehdbjh\Zgh

JZa[ehdbjh\Zgh

7-00064

Jbk1#5-461##;ehdbjh\dZ#b#jZa[ehdbjh\dZ#i_j_^gbo#dhe_k#l_e_`db
........

2-17
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 18 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

2 GZkljhcdZ#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E
..........................................................................
........

2-18
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 1 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

=eZ\Z

Ih^]hlh\dZ#d#jZ[hl_ 6 3
.............................................................................
<#^Zgghc#]eZ\_#ijb\h^blky#bgnhjfZpby#h#lhf/#dZd=
• \dexqblv#ZiiZjZl#B<E>
• \u[jZlv#gZkljhcdb#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E>
• ijhkfhlj_lv#b#baf_gblv#ij_^_eu#lj_\h]>
• \\_klb#b#\u\_klb#ZiiZjZl#B<E#ba#j_`bfZ#h`b^Zgby1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
NbjfZ#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#j_dhf_g^m_l#i_j_^#i_j\uf#
bkihevah\Zgb_f#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#ijhl_j_lv#_]h#\g_rgxx#ih\_joghklv/#
Z#lZd`_#hqbklblv#b#ijhkl_jbebah\Zlv#_]h#ijbgZ^e_`ghklb#kh]eZkgh#
bgkljmdpbyf#\#ijbe1 $#^Zggh]h#jmdh\h^kl\Z1#Ke_^mcl_#bgkljmdpbyf#
ih#hqbkld_#b#kl_jbebaZpbb#ZiiZjZlZ#b#ijbgZ^e_`ghkl_c1

614##<dexq_gb_#iblZgby#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E

IJBF?Q:GB?=
>ey#ih^^_j`Zgby#aZjy^Z#[ZlZj_b#hklZ\eycl_#ZiiZjZl#B<E#\#j_`bf_#
h`b^Zgby/#ih^dexq_gguf#d#k_lb#i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ/#b#k#\dexq_gguf#
lmf[e_jhf#iblZgby/#dh]^Z#w lh#\hafh`gh1#<udexqZl_ev#iblZgby#
mijZ\ey_l#ih^dexq_gb_f#d#k_lb#i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ#b#d#[ZlZj_yf#
ZiiZjZlZ1

41 <dexqbl_#\udexqZl_ev#iblZgby#+kf1#jbk1 6-4,1#:iiZjZl#B<E#\u^Zkl#
ke_^mxsb_#khh[s_gby=#
KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_111#
13%#:[3#62:#5HY#= [
>h#ijhn0db= [[[[[#q
Khh[s_gb_#Ä>h#ijhn0db³#khh[sZ_l#dhebq_kl\h#qZkh\/#hklZ\rboky#^h#
ieZgh\hc#ijhp_^mju#ijhnbeZdlbdb/#b#hkgh\u\Z_lky#gZ#dhebq_kl\_#
qZkh\/#ijhjZ[hlZgguo#ZiiZjZlhf#B<E1
........

3-1
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 2 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

3 Ih^]hlh\dZ#d#jZ[hl_
..........................................................................
Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
?keb#\#ijhp_kk_#\uiheg_gby#l_klZ#3267#g_#keur_g#h^bghqguc#
kb]gZe/#hkgh\gu_#a\mdh\u_#kb]gZeu#lj_\h]b#fh]ml#g_#
nmgdpbhgbjh\Zlv1#G_#bkihevamcl_#ZiiZjZl#B<E#b#h[jZlbl_kv#\#
k_j\bkgmx#kem`[m1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
• ?keb#ZiiZjZl#B<E#jZ[hlZ_l#hl#k_lb/#gh#mjh\_gv#aZjy^Z#[ZlZj_b#
gbadbc/#lh#ihke_#\dexq_gby#iblZgby#ZiiZjZl#fh`_l#gZqZlv#
\_glbeypbx/#bkihevamy#gZkljhcdb/#^_ckl\h\Z\rb_#ijb#ihke_^g_f#
\dexq_gbb/#b#fh`_l#\hagbdgmlv#ij_^mij_`^_gb_#
G?DHJJ?DL1I?J?A:IMKD1
• G_#\udexqZcl_#iblZgb_#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#\h#\j_fy#l_klZ#32671

7-00065

Jbk1#6-41##MklZgh\dZ#lmf[e_jZ#iblZgby#\#ihabpbx#Ä,³#+\dexq_gh,

51 Ihke_#lh]h/#dZd#kZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#ijb#\dexq_gbb#iblZgby#+3267,#
aZ\_jrblky#+g_kdhevdh#k_dmg^,/#ZiiZjZl#B<E#\u^Zkl#khh[s_gb_=
<\h^#mklZgh\hd#^ey
aZimkdZ#\_glbeypbb
Ijb#w lhf#ij_^klZ\e_gu#ihke_^gb_#ijZ\bevgu_#gZkljhcdb/#b#
khhl\_lkl\mxsbc#bg^bdZlhj#k\_lblky/#ihdZau\Zy#bklhqgbd#iblZgby#
ZiiZjZlZ#B<E1
........

3-2
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 3 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ih^]hlh\dZ#d#jZ[hl_ 3
..............................................................................
Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
<k_]^Z#^Z\Zcl_#ZiiZjZlm#B<E#ihjZ[hlZlv#43#fbgml#i_j_^#
ih^dexq_gb_f#d#g_fm#iZpb_glZ/#qlh[u#gZ]j_\Zl_eb#ijh]j_ebkv1#
G_^hklZlhd#ijh]j_\Z#ZiiZjZlZ#fh`_l#ijb\_klb#d#k[hyf#l_klZ#D<L#
^ZlqbdZ#ihlhdZ#b#aZ\ur_gbx#baf_jy_fuo#^uoZl_evguo#h[t_fh\#
\u^hoZ1

<gbfZgb_
NbjfZ#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#j_dhf_g^m_l#i_j_^#gZqZehf#\_glbeypbb#
aZimkdZlv#dhjhldbc#\gmlj_ggbc#l_kl#+D<L,#b#l_klbjh\Zlv#lj_\h]b#^ey#
ijh\_jdb#jZ[hlu#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#beb#\uihegylv#w lb#^_ckl\by#\#
khhl\_lkl\bb#k#ijhlhdhehf#\Zr_]h#mqj_`^_gby1#<uiheg_gb_#D<L#
hibkZgh#\#]e1 7/#l_klbjh\Zgb_#lj_\h]#\#ijbe1 (1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
?keb#\h#\j_fy#l_klZ#3267#ZiiZjZl#B<E#h[gZjm`b\Z_l#gbadh_#
^Z\e_gb_#dbkehjh^Z/#gbadbc#aZjy^#[ZlZj_b/#aZdmihjdm#beb#hlkmlkl\b_#
nbevljZ#\ha^mohaZ[hjgbdZ/#l_kl#g_#ij_ju\Z_lky1#Wlb#lj_\h]b#
klZgh\ylky#Zdlb\gufb#ihke_#aZ\_jr_gby#l_klZ#3267/#b#\u#fh`_l_#
b]ghjbjh\Zlv#bo/#gZ`Z\#deZ\brm#K;J1#IJ?>MIJ1

........

3-3
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 4 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

3 Ih^]hlh\dZ#d#jZ[hl_
..........................................................................
615##<u[hj#gZkljh_d#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E

IJBF?Q:GB?=
DZ`^h_#gZ`Zlb_#deZ\brb#^he`gh#\uau\Zlv#oZjZdl_jguc#a\md1#?keb#
_]h#g_l/#\hafh`gh/#ih\j_`^_g#^bgZfbd1#?keb#gZ`Zlb_#deZ\brb#g_#
\uau\Z_l#ihy\e_gb_#w lh]h#a\mdZ/#\udexqbl_#b#\dexqbl_#kgh\Z#
ZiiZjZl#B<E#^ey#\uiheg_gby#l_klZ#3267#b#ijh\_jdb#ijZ\bevghklb#
nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgby#^bgZfbdZ1

41 <u[_jbl_#j_`bf=#qlh[u#\u[jZlv#j_`bf/#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#
<KIHFH=:L?EVGU?/#6,09#beb#KIHGL1#+<#ijbe1 '#^Zgh#
ih^jh[gh_#hibkZgb_#w lbo#j_`bfh\#\_glbeypbb1,

<#j_`bf_#\kihfh]Zl_evguc2ijbgm^bl_evguc#
<KIHF +<KIHFH=:L?EVGU?,#\u#fh`_l_#\u[jZlv#lhevdh#
gZkljhcdb#ijbgm^bl_evghc#\_glbeypbb#k#dhgljhe_f#ih#
h[t_fm#+9&9,#beb#\_glbeypbb#k#dhgljhe_f#ih#^Z\e_gbx#
+3&9,1#+3&9#^hklmigZ#lhevdh#^ey#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#:93,1

<#j_`bf_#kbgojhgghc#ij_ju\bklhc#ijbgm^bl_evghc#
SIMV \_glbeypbb#+6,09,#\u#fh`_l_#\u[jZlv#gZkljhcdb#
\_glbeypbb#9&9#b#3&9#+lhevdh#:93,/#Z#lZd`_#gZkljhcdb#
\_glbeypbb#k#ih^^_j`dhc#^Z\e_gb_f#+369,1

<#kihglZgghf#j_`bf_#+KIHGL,#\u#fh`_l_#\u[jZlv#lhevdh#
KIHGL gZkljhcdb#\_glbeypbb#3691

51 Ih^l\_j^bl_#beb#baf_gbl_#gZkljhcdb=#^ey#dZ`^h]h#fb]Zxs_]h#
bg^bdZlhjZ#deZ\brb#gm`gh#gZ`Zlv#deZ\brm#+b#ijb#g_h[oh^bfhklb#
baf_gblv#gZkljhcdm,/#ij_`^_#q_f#\u#kfh`_l_#k^_eZlv#gZkljhcdb#
^_ckl\mxsbfb1#<u#fh`_l_#ih^l\_j`^Zlv#beb#baf_gylv#gZkljhcdb#\#
ex[hf#ihjy^d_1
........

3-4
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 5 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ih^]hlh\dZ#d#jZ[hl_ 3
..............................................................................
Ijb#gZ`Zlbb#deZ\brb#ij_^eZ]Z_fZy#
gZkljhcdZ#[m^_l#fb]Zlv/#mdZau\Zy#gZ#
lh/#qlh#i_j_dexqZl_ev#k\yaZg#k#w lhc#
gZkljhcdhc1#Hdgh#gZkljh_d#ihdZ`_l#
gZkljhcdb/#hdgh#khh[s_gbc#
hlh[jZabl#l_dmsmx#gZkljhcdm/#
^bZiZahg/#_^bgbpu#baf_j_gby/#bfy#
gZkljhcdb#b#__#iZjZf_lju1#Ih\_jgbl_# GZ`fbl_#dZ`^mx#fb]Zxsmx#
i_j_dexqZl_ev#^ey#baf_g_gby# deZ\brm#b#ih\_jgbl_#
gZkljhcdb#beb#gZ`fbl_#^jm]mx# i_j_dexqZl_ev#^ey#baf_g_gby
deZ\brm/#qlh[u#hklZ\blv#gZkljhcdm# 7-00066
dZd#_klv1#+GZkljhcdZ#i_j_klZg_l#
fb]Zlv1,
61 GZ`Zlb_#deZ\brb#HQBKLD:#hlf_gy_l#kZfmx#ihke_^gxx#
baf_g_ggmx#gZkljhcdm#b#\ha\jZsZ_l#gZkljhcdm/#^_ckl\h\Z\rmx#
ihke_^g_c1#+Wlh#nmgdpby#jZ[hlZ_l/#_keb#\u#_s_#g_#gZ`Zeb#deZ\brm#
<<H>,1#GZ`Zlb_#deZ\brb#HQBKLD:#ihke_#lh]h/#dZd#\u#gZ`Zeb#
433( 25/#hklZgZ\eb\Z_l#^_ckl\b_#433( 251#:iiZjZl#B<E#\u^Zkl#
a\mdh\hc#kb]gZe/#_keb#\u#ihiulZ_l_kv#\u[jZlv#gZkljhcdm#\ur_#beb#
gb`_#aZ^Zggh]h#^bZiZahgZ#gZkljhcdb1
71 3((32&3$3/#QM<KL<BL?EVGHKLV#LJB==?J:/##
b#(#25=#\u#fh`_l_#baf_gblv#w lb#gZkljhcdb#\#ex[hf# PEEP/CPAP
j_`bf_1#Wlb#deZ\brb#g_#fb]Zxl#ijb#\u[hj_#gh\h]h#
j_`bfZ/#b#g_l#g_h[oh^bfhklb#ih^l\_j`^Zlv#w lb#
gZkljhcdb1# QM<KL<BL1
LJB==?J:
e2fbg

% O2

IJBF?Q:GB?=
Kb]gZe#lj_\h]b#25#(#aZ^_j`b\Z_lky#\#l_q_gb_#63#k_dmg^#b#45#ebljh\#
^uoZl_evgh]h#h[t_fZ#ihke_#baf_g_gby#gZkljhcdb/#qlh[u#
dhgp_gljZpby#dbkehjh^Z#fh]eZ#klZ[bebabjh\Zlvky1
........

3-5
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 6 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

3 Ih^]hlh\dZ#d#jZ[hl_
..........................................................................
81 Ijbf_gbl_#gZkljhcdb=#GZ`fbl_#<<H>1
<<H>

7-00067

IJBF?Q:GB?=
?keb#\u#\u[jZeb#j_`bf#KIHGL/#bg^bdZlhju#deZ\br#
I:J:F?LJU#:IGHW#fb]Zxl/#ih^kdZau\Zy#\Zf#h#g_h[oh^bfhklb#
ih^l\_j^blv#beb#baf_gblv#iZjZf_lju#\_glbeypbb#:IGHW1#+H[#
baf_g_gbb#iZjZf_ljh\#\_glbeypbb#:IGHW#kf1#]e1 8,1#G_#lj_[m_lky#
i_j_kfZljb\Zlv#iZjZf_lju#:IGHW#i_j_^#ghjfZevghc#\_glbeypb_c1

<_glbeypby#gZqbgZ_lky#kh]eZkgh#hlh[jZ`_gguf#gZkljhcdZf#b#
kms_kl\mxsbf#ij_^_eZf#lj_\h]#+ij_^mij_`^_gbc,1#<Zf#ke_^m_l#
ijhkfhlj_lv#\k_#ij_^_eu#lj_\h]#b#baf_gblv#bo#ijb#g_h[oh^bfhklb1#
+kf1#]e1 616,1#Fh`gh#baf_gylv#ij_^_eu#lj_\h]#beb#gZkljhcdb#ZiiZjZlZ#
B<E#\#ijhp_kk_#ghjfZevghc#\_glbeypbb1

Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
<#gZkljhcd_#\_glbeypbb#369#g_\hafh`gh#mklZgh\blv#ih^^_j`dm#
^Z\e_gb_f#.#3((3#^ey#lh]h/#qlh[u#mfure_ggh#\ua\Zlv#lj_\h]m#
<UKHDH?#>:<E?GB?1#Ohly#nbjfZ#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#g_#
j_dhf_g^m_l#lZdb_#^_ckl\by/#hgb#\hafh`gu#\#gZkljhcd_#\_glbeypbb#
9&9#^ey#mklZgh\db#^uoZl_evgh]h#h[t_fZ/#dhlhjuc#\uau\Z_l#
khdjZs_gb_#^uoZgby#b#lj_\h]m#<UKHDH?#>:<E?GB?1#Qlh[u#g_#
\ua\Zlv#lj_\h]m#<UKHDH?#>:<E?GB?/#\u[_jbl_#khhl\_lkl\mxsb_#
gZkljhcdb#lj_\h]#>UO:L?EVGUC#H;T?F#b#<UKHDH?#
>:<E?GB?1
........

3-6
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 7 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ih^]hlh\dZ#d#jZ[hl_ 3
..............................................................................
616##Ijhkfhlj#b#baf_g_gb_#gZkljh_d#lj_\h]
<u#fh`_l_#ijhkfhlj_lv#gZkljhcdb#lj_\h]#\#ex[h_#\j_fy/#g_#hldexqZy#
\_glbeypbx/#gZ`Z\#khhl\_lkl\mxsmx#deZ\brm1#<#hdg_#G:KLJHCDB#
IJ?>MIJ?@>?GBC#hlh[jZ`Z_lky#agZq_gb_#gZkljhcdb#lj_\h]b1#
GZkljhcdb#lj_\h]#fb]Zxl#\#l_q_gb_#63#k_dmg^/#b#\u#fh`_l_#baf_gblv#bo#
\kydbc#jZa/#dh]^Z#hgb#fb]Zxl#\#hdg_1
<k_#gZkljhcdb#lj_\h]#[m^ml#^_ckl\h\Zlv#\#l_q_gb_#\_glbeypbb#
+aZ bkdexq_gb_f#lj_\h]b#GBADH?#>:<E?GB?#G:#<>HO?/#dhlhjh_#g_#
Zdlb\gh#\#j_`bf_#KIHGL,1#<u#fh`_l_#baf_gblv#gZkljhcdb#lj_\h]#\#ex[h_#
\j_fy#\#l_q_gb_#ijhp_kkZ#\_glbeypbb1#Fh`gh#baf_gylv#lhevdh#h^gm#
gZkljhcdm#aZ#h^bg#jZa1
Qlh[u#baf_gblv#gZkljhcdb/#dhkgbl_kv#deZ\brb/#ih\_jgbl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev/#
gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>1
41 Dhkgbl_kv#deZ\brb/#bg^bdZlhj#
deZ\brb#aZk\_lblky/#b#l_dmsZy#
gZkljhcdZ#lj_\h]b#[m^_l#fb]Zlv#\#hdg_#\#
l_q_gb_#63#k_dmg^1#Hdgh#khh[s_gbc#
ihdZ`_l#l_dmsmx#gZkljhcdm/#^bZiZahg#
b#_^bgbpu#baf_j_gby#gZkljhcdb#
lj_\h]b1 7-00066

51 Ih\_jgbl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev/#qlh[u#
baf_gblv#gZkljhcdm#lj_\h]b#+w lh#
\hafh`gh#lhevdh/#dh]^Z#\#hdg_#fb]Z_l#
gZkljhcdZ#lj_\h]b,1#<_glbeylhj#\u^Zkl#
a\mdh\hc#kb]gZe/#_keb#\u#ihiulZ_l_kv#
\u[jZlv#gZkljhcdm#\ur_#beb#gb`_#
^bZiZahgZ#gZkljhcdb1#
7-00068

61 GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>/#qlh[u#
<<H>
k^_eZlv#gh\mx#gZkljhcdm#lj_\h]b#
^_ckl\mxs_c1#Gh\Zy#gZkljhcdZ#lj_\h]b#
i_j_klZ_l#fb]Zlv/#b#\#hdg_#khh[s_gbc#
ihy\blky#khh[s_gb_=
MklZgh\db#ijbgylu
7-00067
........

3-7
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 8 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

3 Ih^]hlh\dZ#d#jZ[hl_
..........................................................................
Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
• <#kemqZ_#g_aZf_q_gghc#w dklm[Zpbb/#_keb#w g^hljZo_ZevgZy#ljm[dZ#
hklZ_lky#ijbkh_^bg_gghc#d#^uoZl_evghfm#dhglmjm/#fh`_l#ijb\_klb#
d#ih^^_j`Zgbx#^Z\e_gby/#ij_\urZxs_]h#gZkljhcdm#lj_\h]b#
GBADH?#>:<E?GB?#G:#<>HO?1#Lj_\h]b#GBADH?#>:<E?GB?#
G:#<>HO?#b#gbadh]h#h[t_fZ#^he`gu#[ulv#mklZgh\e_gu#
khhl\_lkl\mxsbfb1
• Qlh[u#]ZjZglbjh\Zlv#[_ahiZkghklv#iZpb_glZ/#\k_]^Z#mklZgZ\eb\Zcl_#
lj_\h]b#GBADBC#>UO:L?EVGUC#H;T?F#b#<UKHD:Y#Q:K
LHL:#>UO:GBY1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
Ij_^_eu#lj_\h]b#25 (#[Zabjmxlky#gZ#gZkljhcd_#( 251#<_jogbc#
ij_^_e#lj_\h]b#25 (#±#43#(#\ur_#agZq_gby#gZkljhcdb#( 25/#Z#
gb`gbc#ij_^_e#lj_\h]b#( 25#±#43#(#gb`_#agZq_gby#gZkljhcdb#( 251#
Baf_j_ggh_#( 25#hlh[jZ`Z_lky#\#hdg_#khh[s_gbc/#_keb#hlh[jZ`_gb_#
jZaj_r_gh#+bkihevamcl_#nmgdpbx#f_gx#>Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z/#
hibkZggmx#\#]e1 9,1

617##<oh^#b#\uoh^#ba#j_`bfZ#h`b^Zgby
J_`bf#h`b^Zgby#0#w lh#khklhygb_/#\#dhlhjhf#g_l#\_glbeypbb/#gh#ZiiZjZl#
B<E#ih^^_j`b\Z_l#k\hb#gZkljhcdb#b#aZjy^#[ZlZj_c1

Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
• ?keb#\#j_`bf_#h`b^Zgby#ZiiZjZl#B<E#ih^dexq_g#d#bklhqgbdm#
dbkehjh^Z/#lh#^ey#ba[_`Zgby#m\_ebq_gby#dhgp_gljZpbb#dbkehjh^Z#\#
dhfgZlghf#\ha^mo_/#m[_^bl_kv/#qlh#ZiiZjZl#B<E#gZoh^blky#\#
ohjhrh#ijh\_ljb\Z_fhc#dhfgZl_1#Hlkh_^bgycl_#bklhqgbd#
dbkehjh^Z/#_keb#\u#g_#ij_^iheZ]Z_l_#bkihevah\Zlv#ZiiZjZl#
g_f_^e_ggh1
• Qlh[u#g_#gZg_klb#\j_^Z#iZpb_glm#ba0aZ#g_^hklZldZ#\_glbeypbb/#g_#
i_j_\h^bl_#ZiiZjZl#B<E#\#j_`bf#h`b^Zgby/#dh]^Z#d#g_fm#
ih^dexq_g#iZpb_gl1#Ij_`^_/#q_f#i_j_\_klb#ZiiZjZl#\#j_`bf#
h`b^Zgby/#ijh\_jvl_/#qlh#iZpb_gl#g_#ih^dexq_g1
........

3-8
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 9 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ih^]hlh\dZ#d#jZ[hl_ 3
..............................................................................
IJBF?Q:GB?=
>ey#ih^^_j`Zgby#aZjy^Z#[ZlZj_c#ZiiZjZl#B<E/#gZoh^ykv#\#j_`bf_#
h`b^Zgby/#^he`_g#[ulv#ih^dexq_g#d#k_lb#i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ#b#
lmf[e_j#iblZgby#^he`_g#[ulv#\dexq_g1

>ey#i_j_\h^Z#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#\#j_`bf#h`b^Zgby#\uihegbl_#ke_^mxsb_#
rZ]b1
41 <dexqbl_#ZiiZjZl#B<E1#?keb#\_glbeypby#m`_#gZqZlZ/#g_h[oh^bfh#
\udexqblv#ZiiZjZl/#aZl_f#\dexqblv#kgh\Z#_]h#[_a#aZimkdZ#\_glbeypbb1#
Wlh#iha\hebl#\Zf#ihemqblv#^hklmi#d#nmgdpbb#f_gx#J_`bf#h`b^Zgby1
51 GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#F?GX1
61 Ih\_jgbl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev#gZ#\u[hj#j_`bfZ#h`b^Zgby1
71 GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>1#:iiZjZl#B<E#ihdZ`_l#ke_^mxs__#
khh[s_gb_=
IZpb_gl#hlkh_^bg_g"
de\1<\h^#0#Ijh^he`1
81 Ih^l\_j^bl_/#qlh#iZpb_gl#g_#ih^dexq_g/#gZ`Z\#deZ\brm#<<H>1#+?keb#
\u#g_#gZ`f_l_#deZ\brm#<<H>#ijb#hlh[jZ`_gbb#^Zggh]h#khh[s_gby/#
ZiiZjZl#B<E#g_#i_j_c^_l#\#j_`bf#h`b^Zgby1,
91 >Zggh_#khh[s_gb_#ih^l\_j`^Z_l/#qlh#ZiiZjZl#B<E#gZoh^blky#\#
j_`bf_#h`b^Zgby=
<#j_`bf_#h`b^Zgby
de\1HqbkldZ#0#<uoh^
<dexqZxlky#bg^bdZlhju#K?LV#<DE2IH>A:JY>D:#;:L:J?B/#
KL?I?GV#A:JY>:#<GMLJ?GG?C#;:L:J?B#b#DE:I:G#
;?AHI:KGHKLB#HLDJUL1#<#j_`bf_#h`b^Zgby#bg^bdZlhju#\k_o#
^jm]bo#deZ\br#hldexq_gu1#<#j_`bf_#h`b^Zgby#fh]ml#[ulv#Zdlb\gu#
lhevdh#ij_^mij_`^_gby#HOE1<?GLBEYLHJ#G?BKIJ:<?G/#
G?L#A:JY>DB#;:L:J?B/#G?L#G:IJY@?GBY#K?LB#b#
G?L IBL:GBY1
........

3-9
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 10 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

3 Ih^]hlh\dZ#d#jZ[hl_
..........................................................................
>ey#\uoh^Z#ba#j_`bfZ#h`b^Zgby#b#\hah[gh\e_gby#\_glbeypbb#\uihegbl_#
ke_^mxsb_#rZ]b1
41 GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#HQBKLD:1
51 :iiZjZl#B<E#hlh[jZ`Z_l#khh[s_gb_=
KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_111
61 Ihke_#g_kdhevdbo#k_dmg^#kZfhl_kl#3267#[m^_l#aZ\_jr_g/#b#ZiiZjZl#
B<E#gZqg_l#\_glbeypbx/#bkihevamy#ihke_^gb_#^_ckl\mxsb_#
gZkljhcdb1#
........

3-10
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 1 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_# =eZ\Z
+l_klu#D<L#b#I<L,# 7 4
.............................................................................
<k_#ZiiZjZlu#B<E#k_jbb#:33#bf_xl#\kljh_ggu_#l_klu#kZfh^bZ]ghklbdb=
• Dhjhldbc#\gmlj_ggbc#l_kl#+D<L,#0#w lh#dhjhldZy#+hdheh#506#fbgml,#
ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv#ijhkluo#l_klh\/#dhlhjZy#ijh\_jy_l#\gmlj_ggxx#
jZ[hlm#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E/#^uoZl_evguc#dhglmj#gZ#ml_qdb#b#baf_jy_l#
dhfieZcgk#dhglmjZ1#KZfhl_kl#ijb#\dexq_gbb#iblZgby#3267#y\ey_lky#
qZklvx#D<L1
• Iheguc#\gmlj_ggbc#l_kl#+I<L,#0#w lh#ihegh_#l_klbjh\Zgb_#
jZ[hlhkihkh[ghklb#w e_dljbq_kdhc#b#ig_\fZlbq_kdhc#qZkl_c#ZiiZjZlZ#
B<E1#L_klu#3267#b#D<L#y\eyxlky#qZklyfb#I<L1

Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
• I_j_^#\uiheg_gb_f#D<L#b#I<L#g_h[oh^bfh#hldexqblv#iZpb_glZ#hl#
ZiiZjZlZ#B<E1#AZimkd#D<L#b#I<L#ijb#ih^dexq_gghf#iZpb_gl_#
fh`_l#gZg_klb#\j_^#iZpb_glm1
• Hrb[dZ#\#l_kl_#D<L#beb#I<L#mdZau\Z_l/#qlh#ZiiZjZl#B<E#beb#_]h#
dhfihg_gl#g_bkijZ\_g1#G_bkijZ\gu_#qZklb#^he`gu#[ulv#
hlj_fhglbjh\Zgu#i_j_^#^Zevg_crbf#bkihevah\Zgb_f#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E/#
aZ#bkdexq_gb_f#kemqZy/#dh]^Z#fh`gh#k#m\_j_gghklvx#kqblZlv/#qlh#
^_n_dl#g_#\uah\_l#jbkdZ#^ey#iZpb_glZ#beb#g_#m\_ebqbl#hiZkghklv#
^jm]bo#jbkdh\1

<gbfZgb_
Qlh[u#]ZjZglbjh\Zlv#lhqghklv#D<L#b#I<L/#\uihegycl_#w lb#l_klu#k#
dhfgZlguf#\ha^mohf#+(25# #54(,/#ihke_#lh]h/#dZd#ZiiZjZl#B<E#[ue#
\dexq_g#\#l_q_gb_#g_#f_g__#43#fbgml#+I<L#lZd`_#lj_[m_l#ih^Zqb#
dbkehjh^Z,1
........

4-1
*0394986033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 2 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

4 KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#+l_klu#D<L#b#I<L,
..........................................................................
<#lZ[e1 7-4#ijb\_^_gu#nmgdpbb#D<L#b#I<L1

LZ[ebpZ#7-4=#L_klu#kZfh^bZ]ghklbdb#ZiiZjZlh\#B<E#k_jbb#:33

GZa\Zgb_ GZagZq_gb_ Dh]^Z#aZimkdZ_lky

Dhjhldbc DjZldZy#\_jkby#I<L/#dhlhjZy#^he`gZ# I_j_^#ih^dexq_gb_f#


\gmlj_ggbc# \uihegylvky#hi_jZlhjhf#i_j_^#gZqZehf# iZpb_glZ#d#ZiiZjZlm#beb#
l_kl#+D<L, jZ[hlu1#>_eZ_l#ih^jh[gmx#ijh\_jdm# ihke_#baf_g_gby#
jZ[hlhkihkh[ghklb#w e_dljbq_kdhc#b# ^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ#
ig_\fZlbq_kdhc#qZkl_c#ZiiZjZlZ1#LZd`_# ZiiZjZlZ#beb#kf_gu#
baf_jy_l#ml_qdb#kbkl_fu#b#dhfieZcgk#kbkl_fu2 m\eZ`gbl_ey1
dhglmjZ#^ey#dhfi_gkZpbb#ijb#ihklZ\d_#
^uoZgby1#
KZfhl_kl#ijb#\dexq_gbb#iblZgby#3267#
\uihegy_lky#dZd#qZklv#D<L1

Iheguc# Ihegh_#l_klbjh\Zgb_#jZ[hlhkihkh[ghklb# • Ijb#ijhnbeZdlbd_#


\gmlj_ggbc# w e_dljbq_kdhc#b#ig_\fZlbq_kdhc#qZkl_c# ZiiZjZlZ1
l_kl#+I<L, ZiiZjZlZ#B<E1#L_klu#3267#b#D<L#y\eyxlky# • DZd#qZlv#ijh\_jdb#
qZklyfb#I<L1 jZ[hlhkihklh[ghklb#
ZiiZjZlZ1
• Ijb#g_bkijZ\ghklb#
ZiiZjZlZ1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
Ijh\_jdZ#jZ[hlhkihkh[ghklb/#hibkZggZy#\#^hdmf_gl_#:33#6HULHV#
9HQWLODWRU#6\VWHP#6HUYLFH#0DQXDO/#0#w lh#gZb[he__#ihegh_#l_klbjh\Zgb_#
ZiiZjZlZ#gZ#khhl\_lkl\b_#ki_pbnbdZpbyf1#L_ogbq_kdbc#ki_pbZebkl#
aZimkdZ_l#qZklbqgmx#beb#ihegmx#ijh\_jdm#jZ[hlhkihkh[ghklb#ihke_#
k_j\bkgh]h#h[kem`b\Zgby#ZiiZjZlZ#b#j_]meyjgh#q_j_a#hij_^_e_ggu_#
ijhf_`mldb#\j_f_gb1
........

4-2
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 3 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#+l_klu#D<L#b#I<L, 4
..............................................................................
714##Dhjhldbc#\gmlj_ggbc#l_kl#+D<L,
<#lZ[e1 7-5#ijb\_^_gu#nmgdpbb#D<L1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
• NbjfZ#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#j_dhf_g^m_l#\uihegylv#l_kl#D<L#
dZ`^u_#48#^g_c#\#i_j_ju\Zo#f_`^m#h[kem`b\Zgb_f#iZpb_glh\#beb#
dZ`^uc#jZa#ijb#aZf_g_#^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ1#NbjfZ#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#
%HQQHWW#ijbagZ_l/#qlh#ijhlhdhe#\uiheg_gby#l_klZ#D<L#fh`_l#kbevgh#
hlebqZlvky#hl#^jm]bo#ijhlhdheh\/#bkihevam_fuo#\#mqj_`^_gbyo#
a^jZ\hhojZg_gby1#<f_kl_#k#l_f/#nbjfZ#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#g_#
fh`_l#hij_^_eblv#beb#lj_[h\Zlv#hij_^_e_gguo#^_ckl\bc#ih#
j_amevlZlZf#l_klZ/#m^h\e_l\hjyxsbo#\k_f#\hafh`guf#lj_[h\Zgbyf/#
beb#hl\_qZlv#aZ#w nn_dlb\ghklv#lZdbo#^_ckl\bc1
• Dh]^Z#D<L#aZijZrb\Z_l#\uiheg_gb_#dZdbo0eb[h#^_ckl\bc#+gZijbf_j/#
gZ`Zlv#deZ\brm#<<H>#beb#[ehdbjh\Zlv#ljhcgbd#iZpb_glZ,/#ZiiZjZl#
B<E#[m^_l#h`b^Zlv#w lb#^_ckl\by1

Qlh[u#aZimklblv#D<L/#\uihegbl_#ke_^mxsb_#rZ]b=
41 <dexqbl_#ZiiZjZl#B<E1#?keb#\_glbeypby#m`_#gZqZlZ/#g_h[oh^bfh#
\udexqblv#ZiiZjZl/#Z#aZl_f#\dexqblv#_]h#[_a#aZimkdZ#\_glbeypbb1#Wlh#
iha\hebl#\Zf#ihemqblv#^hklmi#d#nmgdpbb#f_gx#KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_1
?keb#\u#\u[jZeb#nmgdpbx#KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#\h#\j_fy#\_glbeypbb/#\#
hdg_#hlh[jZ`Z_lky#ke_^mxs__#khh[s_gb_=
G_^hklmi1#ijb#\_glbe
51 GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#F?GX/#ih\_jgbl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev/#qlh[u#\u[jZlv#
KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_/#aZl_f#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>1#H[uqgZy#630lb#
k_dmg^gZy#aZ^_j`dZ#\\h^Z#[m^_l#hldexq_gZ#ihke_#\u[hjZ#j_`bfZ
KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_1
61 <#hdg_#ihy\blky#ke_^mxs__#khh[s_gb_=
Dhjhldbc#\gmlj1#l_kl
Ijhkfhlj0<j1i_j_de1#
........

4-3
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 4 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

4 KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#+l_klu#D<L#b#I<L,
..........................................................................
71 Ih\_jgbl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev/#qlh[u#\u[jZlv#Dhjhldbc#\gmlj1#l_kl#
+beb#Iheguc#\gmlj1#l_kl,1#<#hdg_#ihy\blky#ke_^mxs__#khh[s_gb_=
Dhjhldbc#\gmlj1#l_kl
GZ]j_\#ZiiZj1#3<=8<
de\1HqbkldZ# Ijhimkd
?keb#ZiiZjZl#B<E#m`_#jZ[hlZe#[he__#43#fbgml#i_j_^#l_f/#dZd#\u#
\u[jZeb#Dhjhldbc#\gmlj1#l_kl/#w lh#khh[s_gb_#ijhimkdZ_lky#
+kf1#rZ]#8,1#?keb#ZiiZjZl#B<E#[ue#\udexq_g#g_^Z\gh#b#m`_#
ijh]j_eky/#\u#fh`_l_#gZ`Zlv#deZ\brm#HQBKLD:/#qlh[u#hldehgblv#
khh[s_gb_#GZ]j_\#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#b#gZqZlv#D<L1#H^gZdh/#\#w lhf#
kemqZ_#nbjfZ#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#g_#fh`_l#]ZjZglbjh\Zlv#
^hklh\_jghklv#j_amevlZlh\#l_klZ1#
81 <#hdg_#ihy\blky#ke_^mxs__#khh[s_gb_=
IZpb_gl#hlkh_^bg_g"
de\1<\h^#0#Ijh^he`1
91 GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>#^ey#ih^l\_j`^_gby#lh]h/#qlh#iZpb_gl#
hlkh_^bg_g#hl#ZiiZjZlZ1#+Beb#deZ\brm#HQBKLD:#^ey#\ha\jZlZ#\#
f_gx,1#<#hdg_#ihy\blky#ke_^mxs__#khh[s_gb_=
;ehdbj1#ljhcgbd
:1 AZ[ehdbjmcl_#ljhcgbd#iZpb_glZ#b#aZl_f#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>1
;1 :iiZjZl#B<E#aZimklbl#kZfhl_kl#3267#b#[m^_l#\#l_q_gb_#g_kdhevdbo#
k_dmg^#ihdZau\Zlv#khh[s_gb_=
KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_111#

Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
?keb#\#ijhp_kk_#\uiheg_gby#l_klZ#3267#g_#keur_g#h^bghqguc#]m^hd/#
w lh#hagZqZ_l/#]eZ\gu_#a\mdh\u_#kb]gZeu#lj_\h]b#fh]ml#g_#jZ[hlZlv1#
Ij_djZlbl_#bkihevah\Zgb_#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#b#h[jZlbl_kv#d#k_j\bkguf#
ki_pbZebklZf1#
........

4-4
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 5 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#+l_klu#D<L#b#I<L, 4
..............................................................................
IJBF?Q:GB?=
• ?keb#ZiiZjZl#B<E#jZ[hlZ_l#hl#k_lb#i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ/#gh#mjh\_gv#
aZjy^Z#[ZlZj_b#y\ey_lky#gbadbf/#lh#ijb#\dexq_gghf#iblZgbb#ZiiZjZl#
fh`_l#gZqZlv#\_glbeypbx#k#bkihevah\Zgb_f#ihke_^gbo#ijZ\bevguo#
gZkljh_d/#b#fh`_l#\hagbdgmlv#lj_\h]Z#G?DHJJ1I?J?A:IMKD1
• Ijb#jZ[hl_#l_klZ#3267#g_#j_dhf_g^m_lky#\udexqZlv#iblZgb_#
ZiiZjZlZ1

<1 AZl_f#\#hdg_#khh[s_gbc#ihy\blky#ke_^mxs__#khh[s_gb_=
Lbi#m\eZ`gbl_ey
<u[_jbl_#m\eZ`gbl_ev#
]^_#Lbi#m\eZ`gbl_ey#0#ihke_^gbc#\u[jZgguc#lbi/#ba#ke_^mxsbo=
• Bkdmkkl\_gguc#ghk=#l_ieh0#b#\eZ]hh[f_ggbd#+0(
• Ijh\h^#^\hcg1#gZ]j_\1=#M\eZ`gbl_ev#k#\gmlj_ggbf#ih^h]j_\hf#\#
\uoh^ghc#ebgbb#beb#\h#\oh^ghc#b#\uoh^ghc#ebgbyo1
• G_l#ijh\h^Z#gZ]j_\Z=#KlZg^Zjlguc#m\eZ`gbl_ev#[_a#\gmlj_gg_]h#
ih^h]j_\Z#dhglmjZ#\#\uoh^ghc#ebgbb1#
Ih\_jgbl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev/#qlh[u#\u[jZlv#lbi#m\eZ`gbl_ey/#aZl_f#
gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>1

Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
G_ijZ\bevgh_#hij_^_e_gb_#lbiZ#m\eZ`gbl_ey#\#oh^_#D<L#fh`_l#
ih\ebylv#gZ#lhqghklv#kibjhf_ljbq_kdbo#\uqbke_gbc1

431 AZl_f#\#hdg_#khh[s_gbc#ihy\blky#ke_^mxs__#khh[s_gb_=
Lbi#dhglmjZ
<u[hj#lbiZ#dhglmjZ
]^_#Lbi#dhglmjZ#0#ihke_^gbc#\u[jZgguc#lbi#^uoZl_evgh]h#
dhglmjZ1
Ih\_jgbl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev/#qlh[u#\u[jZlv#lbi#^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ#
+\ajhkeuc#beb#i_^bZljbq_kdbc,/#aZl_f#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>1
........

4-5
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 6 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

4 KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#+l_klu#D<L#b#I<L,
..........................................................................
Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
G_ijZ\bevgh_#hij_^_e_gb_#lbiZ#^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ#\#oh^_#D<L#
fh`_l#ih\e_qv#aZ#kh[hc#mklZgh\dm#g_\_jghc#qm\kl\bl_evghklb#^ey#l_klZ#
ml_q_d#b#lj_\h]b#HDDEXABY1#NbjfZ#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#
j_dhf_g^m_l#bkihevah\Zlv#i_^bZljbq_kdbc#dhglmj#ijb#\_glbeypbb#
iZpb_glh\#k#\gmlj_ggbf#^bZf_ljhf#\ha^mrgh]h#imlb#80ff#beb#f_g__1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
Qlh[u#]ZjZglbjh\Zlv/#qlh#dhfieZcgk0dhfi_gkZpby#nmgdpbhgbjm_l#
ijZ\bevgh/#g_h[oh^bfh#\uihegylv#D<L/#bkihevamy#lm#`_#dhgnb]mjZpbx#
dhglmjZ/#qlh#b#ijb#jZ[hl_#k#iZpb_glhf1

441 AZl_f#\#hdg_#khh[s_gby#ihy\blky#khh[s_gb_=
JZaf_j#WL=#[1[#ff
<u[_jbl_#jZaf_j#WL
Ih\_jgbl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev/#qlh[u#\u[jZlv#khhl\_lkl\mxsbc#jZaf_j#
WL#+w g^hljZo_ZevgZy#ljm[dZ,/#aZl_f#gZ`fbl_#<<H>1

Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
<u[hj#kebrdhf#[hevrh]h#jZaf_jZ#WL#ljm[db#fh`_l#\ua\Zlv#
ij_`^_\j_f_ggh_#aZ\_jr_gb_#\^hoZ#m#^_l_c#feZ^r_]h#\hajZklZ1#
<h \j_fy#ghjfZevghc#\_glbeypbb#fh`gh#bkihevah\Zlv#nmgdpbx#
GZkljhcdb#iheva1#deZ\brb#F?GX#^ey#baf_g_gby#jZaf_jZ#WL#ljm[db#
+kf1#]e1 9,1

451 :iiZjZl#B<E#Z\lhfZlbq_kdb#gZqbgZ_l#ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv#l_klh\#
D<L1#Khh[s_gb_#ihdZau\Z_l/#dZdhc#l_kl#\uihegy_lky1#?keb#l_kl#
aZims_g/#hg#g_#fh`_l#[ulv#ij_j\Zg1#<#[hevrbgkl\_#kemqZ_\#g_l#
g_h[oh^bfhklb#^_eZlv#qlh0eb[h/#ihdZ#\#j_amevlZl_#l_klZ#g_#[m^_l#
ihemq_gZ#Hrb[dZ#+k[hc,#beb#HldZa#+g_#ijhr_e,/#beb#g_#ihlj_[mxlky#
\Zrb#^_ckl\by1#Dh]^Z#h^bg#l_kl#ijhc^_g/#D<L#Z\lhfZlbq_kdb#
aZimkdZ_l#ke_^mxsbc#l_kl1
........

4-6
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 7 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#+l_klu#D<L#b#I<L, 4
..............................................................................
IJBF?Q:GB?=
=jZnbq_kdbc#bg^bdZlhj#>:<E?GB?#b#hdgh#w djZgZ#>:<E?GB?#ijb#
ijhoh`^_gbb#D<L#ihdZau\Zxl#^Z\e_gb_#\u^hoZ#\#gZ#ijhly`_gbb#\k_]h#
D<L1

<h#\j_fy#D<L#^hklmigu#ke_^mxsb_#deZ\brb=##

Qlh[u#ih^l\_j^blv/#qlh#aZ^Zggh_#^_ckl\b_#aZ\_jr_gh1
<<H>

Qlh[u#ih\lhjblv#l_kl/#\_jgbl_kv#d#ih^kdZad_#\#gZqZe_#l_klZ#beb#mdZ`bl_#
HQBKLD: lj_\h]m#[_a#a\mdZ#+lhevdh#\h#\j_fy#l_klh\#]eZ\gh]h#b#j_a_j\gh]h#^bgZfbdh\#
lj_\h]b,1#

Qlh[u#hldehgblv#j_amevlZl#l_klZ#G_#aZ\_jr_g#beb#K[hc1
JMQGHC
<>HO#

Qlh[u#i_j_aZimklblv#D<L#k#gZqZeZ1
K;JHK

Qlh[u#hklZgh\blv#l_klbjh\Zgb_#b#\uclb#ba#D<L1#
2 fbg
IJBF?Q:GB?=
?keb#\u[jZggu_#dhglmj/#lbi#m\eZ`gbl_ey#beb#jZaf_j#WL#ljm[db#
baf_gbebkv#kh#\j_f_gb#ij_^u^ms_]h#\uiheg_gby#D<L/#w lZ#deZ\brZ#g_#
[m^_l#^_ckl\h\Zlv#^h#aZ\_jr_gby#dhfieZcgk0l_klZ#dhglmjZ1
........

4-7
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 8 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

4 KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#+l_klu#D<L#b#I<L,
..........................................................................
461 L_kl#nbevljZ#<^hoZ2<u^hoZ#ihijhkbl#\Zk#\uihegblv#ke_^mxsb_#
^_ckl\by#+ih#hdhgqZgbb#dZ`^h]h#^_ckl\by#gZ`bfZcl_#deZ\brm#
<<H>,=

GZ#w djZg_#= +G_#hlkh_^bgycl_#nbevlj#\^hoZ,


Hlkh_^1#ljm[dm#<>HO
Ijbkh_^1ljm[dm#<^ho# - +

740 Ventilator

7-00069

GZ#w djZg_=
JZa[ehdbj1#ljhcgbd - +

;ehdbj1#ljhcgbd
740 Ventilator

7-00070

GZ#w djZg_= +G_#hlkh_^bgycl_#nbevlj#\^hoZ,


Hlkh_^1#ljm[dm#<U>HO
Ijbkh_^1#ljm[1<U>HO# - +

740 Ventilator

7-00071
........

4-8
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 9 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#+l_klu#D<L#b#I<L, 4
..............................................................................
471 Dh]^Z#ihke_^gbc#l_kl#\#ihke_^h\Zl_evghklb#D<L#aZ\_jr_g/#\f_kl_#k#
h[sbf#j_amevlZlhf#D<L#\u^Z_lky#ke_^mxs__#khh[s_gb_=
D<L#aZ\_jr_g
<#lZ[e1 7-6#ijb\h^ylky#\k_#j_amevlZlu#D<L#b#bgnhjfZpby#h#lhf/#qlh#
^_eZlv#\#dZ`^hf#kemqZ_1
481 JZa[ehdbjmcl_#ljhcgbd#iZpb_glZ/#aZl_f#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>1#
<_glbeylhj#i_j_aZimklbl#kZfhl_kl#32671##

LZ[ebpZ#7-5=#Ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv#l_klh\#D<L

L_kl Nmgdpby Dhff_glZjbb

IZpb_gl# Lj_[m_l#ih^l\_j`^_gby/#qlh# G_evay#\uihegylv#D<L/#ihdZ#iZpb_gl#


hlkh_^bg_g"# iZpb_gl#g_#ih^dexq_g#d# g_#hlkh_^bg_g1#
ZiiZjZlm1

L_kl#ml_qdb Ijh\_jy_l#^uoZl_evguc#dhglmj# Hrb[dZ/#_keb#l_kl#g_#ijhr_e1#


gZ#ml_qdb1#Hlh[jZ`Z_l#^Z\e_gb_# B]ghjbjh\Zgb_#hrb[db#fh`_l#\ua\Zlv#
\u^hoZ#gZ#]jZnbq_kdhf# g_ijZ\bevgmx#dhfieZcgk0
bg^bdZlhj_#^Z\e_gby1 dhfi_gkZpbx/#g_lhqgh_#h[_ki_q_gb_#
^uoZl_evgh]h#h[t_fZ#beb#
Z\lhaZpbdeb\Zgb_1

KjZ\g_gb_# Ijh\_jy_l#jZ[hlm# Hrb[dZ/#_keb#l_kl#g_#ijhr_e1#


>1<u^o#b# ij_h[jZah\Zl_e_c#^Z\e_gby#\h# B]ghjbjh\Zgb_#w lhc#hrb[db#fh`_l#
>1Pbe \gmlj_gg_c#ig_\fZlbd_#b# \ua\Zlv#g_ijZ\bevgmx#dhfieZcgk0
^uoZl_evghf#dhglmj_1# dhfi_gkZpbx/#g_lhqgh_#h[_ki_q_gb_#
Hlh[jZ`Z_l#^Z\e_gb_#\u^hoZ#gZ# ^uoZl_evgh]h#h[t_fZ#beb#
]jZnbq_kdhf#bg^bdZlhj_# Z\lhaZpbdeb\Zgb_1
^Z\e_gby1#

L_kl# Ijh\_jy_l#khhl\_lkl\mxsb_# HldZa/#_keb#l_kl#g_#ijhr_e1#


Z\lhh[gme1# nmgdpbb#+kihkh[ghklv#d#
khe1 hldjulbx#b#aZdjulbx,#
khe_ghb^h\#>1<u^hoZ#b#
>1Pbebg^jZ1#

DhfieZcgk0 Hij_^_ey_l#dhfieZcgk# Hrb[dZ/#_keb#l_kl#g_#ijhr_e1#


l_kl# ^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ1# B]ghjbjh\Zgb_#hrb[db#fh`_l#\ua\Zlv#
Hlh[jZ`Z_l#^Z\e_gb_#\u^hoZ#gZ# g_ijZ\bevgmx#dhfieZcgk0
]jZnbq_kdhf#bg^bdZlhj_# dhfi_gkZpbx#beb#g_lhqgh_#
^Z\e_gby1 h[_ki_q_gb_#^uoZl_evgh]h#h[t_fZ1
........

4-9
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 10 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

4 KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#+l_klu#D<L#b#I<L,
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#7-5=#Ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv#l_klh\#D<L#+ijh^1,

L_kl Nmgdpby Dhff_glZjbb

L_kl#ij_^hoj1 Ijh\_jy_l/#kgb`Z_l#eb#deZiZg# HldZa/#_keb#l_kl#g_#ijhr_e1


deZiZgZ [_ahiZkghklb#ba[ulhqgh_#
^Z\e_gb_#dhglmjZ1#Hlh[jZ`Z_l#
^Z\e_gb_#\u^hoZ#gZ#
]jZnbq_kdhf#bg^bdZlhj_#
^Z\e_gby1

L_kl#kbkl_fu# Ijh\_jy_l/#qlh#kbkl_fZ#3((3# HldZa/#_keb#l_kl#g_#ijhr_e1


3((3 fh`_l#h[_ki_qb\Zlv#b#
ih^^_j`b\Zlv#\u[jZgguc#
mjh\_gv#^Z\e_gby#3((31#
Hlh[jZ`Z_l#^Z\e_gb_#\u^hoZ#gZ#
]jZnbq_kdhf#bg^bdZlhj_#
^Z\e_gby1

L_kl#^Zlq1 Ijh\_jy_l#lhqghklv#^ZlqbdZ# HldZa/#_keb#g_#ijhr_e#l_kl#^ZlqbdZ#


ihlhd12H5# ihlhdZ#\u^hoZ#b#^ZlqbdZ# ihlhdZ1
dbkehjh^Z1 Hrb[dZ/#_keb#g_#ijhr_e#l_kl#^ZlqbdZ#
dbkehjh^Z1#Bkihevamcl_#nmgdpbx#
>Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z#deZ\brb#F?GX#
^ey#dZeb[jh\db#^ZlqbdZ#dbkehjh^Z#
+kf1 ]e1 9,1
B]ghjbjh\Zgb_#hrb[db#+^ey#l_klZ#
^ZlqbdZ#dbkehjh^Z,#fh`_l#\ua\Zlv#
g_lhqgh_#baf_j_gb_#(251

L_kl#nbevljZ# Ijh\_jy_l#iZ^_gb_#^Z\e_gby#\# Hrb[dZ/#_keb#l_kl#g_#ijhr_e1#Wlhl#


<>O2<U> ebgbyo#\^hoZ#b#\u^hoZ#\k_c# l_kl#g_#h[yaZl_e_g=#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#
kbkl_fu#iZpb_glZ1#Ijh\_jy_l# HQBKLD:/#qlh[u#ijhimklblv#_]h1
iZ^_gb_#^Z\e_gby#\#nbevljZo1 Ijhimkd#w lh]h#l_klZ#beb#
b]ghjbjh\Zgb_#hrb[db#fh`_l#
ijb\_klb#d#g_^hklZlhqghc#aZsbl_#hl#
[Zdl_jbc#beb#qj_af_jghfm#
khijhlb\e_gbx#gZ#\^ho_#beb#\u^ho_1

L_kl# Ijh\_jy_l#ijZ\bevghklv# Hrb[dZ/#_keb#l_kl#g_#ijhr_e1


gZ]j_\Zl_ey nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgby# B]ghjbjh\Zgb_#hrb[db#fh`_l#\ua\Zlv#
gZ]j_\Zl_e_c#\#ih^kbkl_f_# g_lhqguc#dhgljhev#aZ#h[t_fhf#\u^hoZ#
\u^hoZ1 beb#ih\j_^blv#^Zlqbd#ihlhdZ#b#deZiZg#
\u^hoZ1
........

4-10
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 11 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#+l_klu#D<L#b#I<L, 4
..............................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#7-5=#Ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv#l_klh\#D<L#+ijh^1,

L_kl Nmgdpby Dhff_glZjbb

L_kl#]eZ\g1 <u^Z_l#a\mdh\hc#kb]gZe#lj_\h]b# HldZa/#_keb#l_kl#g_#ijhr_e1#


lj_\h]b gZ#lj_o#mjh\gyo#]jhfdhklb#b# ?keb#kb]gZe#keur_g/#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#
ijh\_jy_l/#qlh#ihevah\Zl_ev#bo# <<H>1#?keb#g_l#0#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#
keurbl1 HQBKLD:1#

L_kl#j_a_j\1 Ijh\_jy_l#jZ[hlm#j_a_j\gh]h# Hrb[dZ/#_keb#l_kl#g_#ijhr_e1#?keb#


lj_\h]b kb]gZeZ#lj_\h]b1 kb]gZe#keur_g/#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#
<<H>1#?keb#g_l#0#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#
HQBKLD:1
B]ghjbjh\Zgb_#hrb[db#fh`_l#g_#
\ua\Zlv#j_a_j\gh]h#a\mdh\h]h#kb]gZeZ#
lj_\h]b#\#kemqZ_/#_keb#]eZ\guc#
a\mdh\hc#kb]gZe#lj_\h]b#g_bkijZ\_g1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
Hrb[db#+khh[s_gb_#ÄK[hc#D<L³,/#h[gZjm`_ggu_#\#l_q_gb_#D<L/#
fh]ml#ihlj_[h\Zlv#g_f_^e_ggh]h#hldZaZ#hl#debgbq_kdh]h#
bkihevah\Zgby#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#b#_]h#j_fhglZ1#L_f#g_#f_g__/#
ih^]hlh\e_gguc#hi_jZlhj#^he`_g#hp_gblv#kblmZpbx#b#hij_^_eblv/#
fh`gh#eb#bkihevah\Zlv#ZiiZjZl1#HldZau#+khh[s_gb_=#ÄD<L#g_#
ijhr_e³,/#\uy\e_ggu_#\#oh^_#D<L/#lj_[mxl#i_j_aZimkdZ#D<L#
+bkihevamy#deZ\brm#K;J1IJ?>MIJ,1#G_\hafh`gh#\uclb#ba#D<L/#
_keb#D<L#g_#ijhr_e1#?keb#D<L#b#^Ze__#g_#ijhoh^bl/#bkihevah\Zgb_#
ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#^he`gh#[ulv#ij_djZs_gh1
.
........

4-11
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 12 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

4 KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#+l_klu#D<L#b#I<L,
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#7-6=#J_amevlZlu#D<L

J_amevlZl#
Qlh#w lh#hagZqZ_l Qlh#^_eZlv
D<L

D<L#ijhr_e <k_#l_klu#ijhreb#mki_rgh1 GZ`fbl_#<<H>#^ey#\uoh^Z#ba#D<L#


beb#gZ`fbl_#K;J1IJ?>MIJ1#^ey#
i_j_aZimkdZ#D<L#k#gZqZeZ1

D<L#g_# <k_#\uiheg_ggu_#l_klu#ijhc^_gu# GZ`fbl_#K;J1IJ?>MIJ1#^ey#


aZ\_jr_g mki_rgh/#gh#g_dhlhju_#l_klu#[ueb# i_j_aZimkdZ#D<L#k#gZqZeZ#beb#
ijhims_gu1#Ijhims_ggu_#l_klu# gZ`fbl_#JMQGHC#<>HO#^ey#
ijhreb#mki_rgh#\h#\j_fy# b]ghjbjh\Zgby#j_amevlZlZ#b#\uoh^Z#
ij_^u^ms_]h#k_ZgkZ1 ba#D<L1-

K[hc#D<L H^bg#beb#g_kdhevdh#l_klh\#g_# GZ`fbl_#K;J1IJ?>MIJ1#^ey#


ijhreb1#Hkgh\u\Zykv#gZ#hp_gd_# i_j_aZimkdZ#D<L#k#gZqZeZ#beb#
kblmZpbb/#hi_jZlhj#fh`_l# gZ`fbl_#JMQGHC#<>HO#^ey#
jZkkfZljb\Zlv#w lh#kh[ulb_#dZd#g_# b]ghjbjh\Zgby#b#\uoh^Z#ba#D<L1-
\ebyxs__#gZ#\hafh`ghklv#
[_ahiZkghc#jZ[hlu#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E1

D<L#g_# H[gZjm`_gu#h^bg#beb#g_kdhevdh# GZ`fbl_#K;J1IJ?>MIJ1#^ey#


ijhr_e djblbq_kdbo#k[h_\1 i_j_aZimkdZ#D<L1#?keb#l_kl#D<L#g_#
ijhr_e/#lh#\uclb#ba#g_]h#
g_\hafh`gh1#?keb#D<L#ijh^he`Z_l#
\u^Z\Zlv#hldZau/#ij_djZlbl_#
bkihevah\Zgb_#ZiiZjZlZ#b#h[jZlbl_kv#
d#kem`[_#ih^^_j`db1
-#?keb#\u#gZ`bfZ_l_#deZ\brm#JMQGHC#<>HO/#qlh[u#\uclb#ba#D<L/#[m^_l#\u^ZgZ#ih^kdZadZ#h#ih^l\_j`^_gbb#lh]h/#qlh#
\u#ohlbl_#b]ghjbjh\Zlv#k[hc#beb#g_iheguc#l_kl1#Ih^l\_j^bl_#w lh/#gZ`Z\#deZ\brm#JMQGHC#<>HO#_s_#jZa1#
........

4-12
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 13 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#+l_klu#D<L#b#I<L, 4
..............................................................................
715##Iheguc#\gmlj_ggbc#l_kl#+I<L,
>ey#aZimkdZ#l_klZ#I<L#g_h[oh^bfh#bf_lv#h[hjm^h\Zgb_/#mdZaZggh_#\#
lZ[e1 7-71#

LZ[ebpZ#7-7=#G_h[oh^bfh_#h[hjm^h\Zgb_#^ey#I<L#

HibkZgb_# Ijhba\h^bl_ev2fh^_ev#beb#ghf_j#ih#dZlZeh]m
h[hjm^h\Zgby 1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW

>uoZl_evguc#dhglmj# Bkihevah\Zlv#\#dZq_kl\_#l_klh\h]h#dhglmj=#*039453;033#beb#
ZiiZjZlZ ZgZeh]bqguc#+\ajhkeuc/#fgh]hjZah\uc/#[_a#ijh\h^Z#gZ]j_\Z,

IJBF?Q:GB?=
Qlh[u#dhfieZcgk0dhfi_gkZpby#jZ[hlZeZ#ijZ\bevgh/#
g_h[oh^bfh#aZimkdZlv#D<L#b#I<L#k#^uoZl_evguf#
dhglmjhf/#kdhgnb]mjbjh\Zgguf#^ey#bkihevah\Zgby#k#
iZpb_glhf1

AZ]emrdZ/#ljhcgbd#+1 5, *03948:7033#beb#hl#f_klgh]h#ihklZ\sbdZ

AZ]emrdZ/#ihjl#\^hoZ# *03948:8033#beb#hl#f_klgh]h#ihklZ\sbdZ
+1 6,

Bklhqgbd#dbkehjh^Z/ Hl#f_klgh]h#ihklZ\sbdZ
73#0#<3#SVL
+5:8#0#953#dIZ,

Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
Ba0aZ#qj_af_jgh]h#h]jZgbq_gby#k[hjhd#reZg]Z#$LU#/LTXLGH/#$XVWUDOLDQ#b#'UlJHU/#fh`_l#
\hagbdgmlv#kgb`_gb_#mjh\gy#),25#/#_keb#\u#bkihevam_l_#\oh^gh_#^Z\e_gb_#dbkehjh^Z#?#
83#SVL#+678#dIZ,1#M[_^bl_kv/#qlh#\oh^gh_#^Z\e_gb_#dbkehjh^Z#≥#83#SVL#+678#dIZ,#ijb#
bkihevah\Zgbb#w lbo#k[hjhd#reZg]Z/#qlh[u#ih^^_j`Zlv#ijZ\bevgu_#mjh\gb#),251
........

4-13
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 14 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

4 KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#+l_klu#D<L#b#I<L,
..........................................................................
IJBF?Q:GB?=
NbjfZ#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#j_dhf_g^m_l#\k_]^Z#aZimkdZlv#iheguc#
I<L#i_j_^#\\h^hf#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#\#w dkiemZlZpbx#ihke_#k_j\bkgh]h#
h[kem`b\Zgby#b#dZd#qZklv#h[uqghc#ijh\_jdb#jZ[hlhkihkh[ghklb#
ZiiZjZlZ1#BgnhjfZpbx#ih#ijh\_jd_#jZ[hlhkihkh[ghklb#kf1#\#^hdmf_gl_#
Jmdh\h^kl\_#ih#h[kem`b\Zgbx#ZiiZjZlh\#k_jbb#:33#+:33#6HULHV#
9HQWLODWRU#6\VWHP#6HUYLFH#0DQXDO,1

>ey#aZimdkZ#I<L#\uihegbl_#ke_^mxsb_#rZ]b=
41 Ih^]hlh\vl_#ZiiZjZl#dZd#^ey#ghjfZevghc#\_glbeypbb/#mklZgh\b\#
m\eZ`gbl_ev/#_keb#hg#ijbf_gy_lky/#b#^uoZl_evguc#dhglmj#[_a#ml_q_d1
51 <dexqbl_#ZiiZjZl1#?keb#\_glbeypby#m`_#gZqZlZ/#g_h[oh^bfh#
\udexqblv#ZiiZjZl#b#\dexqblv#_]h#kgh\Z#[_a#aZimkdZ#\_glbeypbb1#Wlh#
^_ckl\b_#iha\hebl#\hclb#\#nmgdpbx#f_gx#KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_1
61 GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#F?GX/#ih\_jgbl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev/#qlh[u#\u[jZlv#
KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_/#aZl_f#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>1
71 Ih\_jgbl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev/#qlh[u#\u[jZlv#Iheguc#\gmlj1#l_kl1#
< hdg_#[m^ml#hlh[jZ`Zlky#khh[s_gby/#ijb\_^_ggu_#\#lZ[e1 7-81

LZ[ebpZ#7-8=#Khh[s_gby#l_klZ#I<L

Khh[s_gb_ HibkZgb_

Iheguc#\gmlj1# Wlh#khh[s_gb_#hlh[jZ`Z_lky#+ihke_#h[jZlgh]h#hlkq_lZ,/#_keb#\u#
l_kl lhevdh#qlh#\dexqbeb#ZiiZjZl1#I_j_^#aZimkdhf#I<L#ZiiZjZl#B<E#
GZ]j_\#ZiiZjZlZ# ^he`_g#[ulv#\dexq_gguf#\#l_q_gb_#43#fbgml#^ey#lh]h/#qlh[u#
B<E#[[=[[ l_fi_jZlmjZ#dhfihg_glh\#fh]eZ#klZ[bebabjh\Zlvky1
de\1HqbkldZ# ?keb#ZiiZjZl#g_^Z\gh#jZ[hlZe#b#m`_#ijh]j_eky/#\u#fh`_l_#gZ`Zlv#
Ijhimkd HQBKLD:/#qlh[u#Zggmebjh\Zlv#khh[s_gb_#GZ]j_\#ZiiZj1#b#gZqbgZlv#
D<L1#H^gZdh/#\#w lhf#kemqZ_#nbjfZ#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#g_#fh`_l#
]ZjZglbjh\Zlv#^hklh\_jghklv#j_amevlZlh\#l_klZ1

IZpb_gl# Ih^l\_j^bl_/#nZdl#hlkh_^bg_gby#iZpb_glZ/#gZ`Z\#deZ\brm#<<H>>#
hlkh_^bg_g" eb[h#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#HQBKLD:#^ey#\ha\jZlZ#\#k_j\bk0f_gx1

;ehdbj1#ljhcgbd MklZgh\bl_#aZ]emrdm#1#5#b#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>1
........

4-14
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 15 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#+l_klu#D<L#b#I<L, 4
..............................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#7-8=#Khh[s_gby#l_klZ#I<L#+ijh^1,

Khh[s_gb_ HibkZgb_

KZfhl_klbjh0 Ih^h`^bl_#g_kdhevdh#k_dmg^#^h#aZ\_jr_gby#l_klZ#32671
\Zgb_111
IJBF?Q:GB?=
• ?keb#\h#\j_fy#3267#g_#a\mqbl#h^bghqguc#kb]gZe/#]eZ\gZy#
a\mdh\Zy#lj_\h]Z#fh`_l#[ulv#g_bkijZ\gZ1#H[jZlbl_kv#d#
k_j\bkghc#kem`[_1
• <h#\j_fy#3267#g_#\udexqZcl_#iblZgb_#ZiiZjZlZ1

Lbi#m\eZ`gbl_ey Ih\_jgbl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev/#qlh[u#\u[jZlv#g_h[oh^bfuc#
<u[_jbl_# m\eZ`gbl_ev/#aZl_f#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>1#Lbiu#m\eZ`gbl_ey#
m\eZ`gbl_ev \dexqZxl=#Bkdmkkl\_gguc#ghk#+l_ieh0#b#\eZ]hh[f_ggbd#+0(,/#
Ijh\h^#^\hcg1#gZ]j_\1#+m\eZ`gbl_ev#k#ijh\h^Zfb#gZ]j_\Z#\#\#
ebgbyo#\^hoZ#b#\u^hoZ,#b#G_l#ijh\h^Z#gZ]j_\Z#+m\eZ`gbl_ev#[_a#
ijh\h^Z#gZ]j_\Z#\#ebgbb#\u^hoZ,1

Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
G_ijZ\bevguc#\u[hj#m\eZ`gbl_ey#\h#\j_fy#I<L#fh`_l#
ih\ebylv#gZ#lhqghklv#jZkq_lh\#kibjhf_ljbb1

........

4-15
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 16 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

4 KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#+l_klu#D<L#b#I<L,
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#7-8=#Khh[s_gby#l_klZ#I<L#+ijh^1,

Khh[s_gb_ HibkZgb_

Lbi#dhglmjZ Ih\_jgbl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev/#qlh[u#\u[jZlv#<ajhkeuc#dhglmj#beb#
<u[hj#lbiZ# I_^bZljbq1#dhglmj#b#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>1
dhglmjZ
Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
G_ijZ\bevguc#\u[hj#lbiZ#^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ#\h#\j_fy#
I<L#fh`_l#\ua\Zlv#g_khhl\_lkl\mxsmx#qm\kl\bl_evghklv#^ey#
l_klZ#ml_q_d#b#lj_\h]b#hddexabb1#NbjfZ#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#
j_dhf_g^m_l#bkihevah\Zlv#i_^bZljbq_kdbc#dhglmj#ijb#
\_glbeypbb#iZpb_glh\#k#80ff#beb#f_gvrbf#\gmlj_ggbf#
^bZf_ljhf#^uoZl_evguo#iml_c1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
Qlh[u#dhfieZcgk0dhfi_gkZpby#jZ[hlZeZ#ijZ\bevgh/#
g_h[oh^bfh#aZimkdZlv#I<L#k#^uoZl_evguf#dhglmjhf/#
kdhgnb]mjbjh\Zgguf#^ey#bkihevah\Zgby#k#iZpb_glhf1

JZaf_j#WL=#[1[#ff Ih\_jgbl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev/#qlh[u#\u[jZlv#khhl\_lkl\mxsbc#jZaf_j#
<u[_jbl_#jZaf_j# w g^hljZo_Zevghc#ljm[db#+WL,/#aZl_f#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>1
WL
Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
Kebrdhf#[hevrhc#jZaf_j#WL#ljm[db#fh`_l#\ua\Zlv#
ij_`^_\j_f_ggh_#aZ\_jr_gb_#^uoZgby#m#hq_gv#fZe_gvdbo#
i_^bZljbq_kdbo#iZpb_glh\1#<h#\j_fy#ghjfZevghc#\_glbeypbb#
fh`gh#\ua\Zlv#k#ihfhsvx#deZ\brb#F?GX#nmgdpbx#
GZkljhcdb#iheva1/#qlh[u#baf_gblv#jZaf_j#ljm[db#W7#
+kf1#]e1 9,1
........

4-16
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 17 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#+l_klu#D<L#b#I<L, 4
..............................................................................
81 :iiZjZl#B<E#Z\lhfZlbq_kdb#gZqbgZ_l#ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv#l_klh\#
+lZ[e1 7-9,1#Hi_jZlhjm#g_#gm`gh#gbq_]h#^_eZlv#^h#l_o#ihj/#ihdZ#l_kl#g_#
ihlj_[m_l#hl\_lguo#^_ckl\bc#+ZiiZjZl#[m^_l#h`b^Zlv#hl\_lZ,/#
j_amevlZl#l_klZ#g_#[m^_l#Hrb[dZ#+K[hc,#beb#HldZa#+g_#ijhr_e,/#
beb#I<L#g_#[m^_l#\uiheg_g#iheghklvx1#Ijb#\uiheg_gbb#
hl\_lguo#^_ckl\bc#bkihevamcl_#deZ\brb#ba#lZ[e1 7-:1

LZ[ebpZ#7-9=#Ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv#l_klh\#I<L

GZa\Zgb_#b#
Nmgdpby Dhff_glZjbb
ghf_j#l_klZ

41 Pbde1 Pbdebq_kdbc#l_kl#^ey#ijh\_jdb# HldZa/#_keb#l_kl#g_#ijhr_e1#


l_kl P:I0 nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgby#pbnjh0 G_l#\#D<L1
:PI ZgZeh]h\h]h#+P:I,#b#ZgZeh]h0
pbnjh\h]h#+:PI,#
ij_h[jZah\Zl_e_c1#

51#L_kl Ijh\_jy_l/#kgb`Z_l#eb#deZiZg# HldZa/#_keb#l_kl#g_#ijhr_e1


ij_^hoj1 [_ahiZkghklb#ba[ulhqgh_# LZd`_#_klv#\#D<L1
deZiZgZ ^Z\e_gb_#dhglmjZ1#

61#L_kl#^ZlqbdZ Ijh\_jy_l#^_ckl\b_# HldZa/#_keb#l_kl#g_#ijhr_e1


fhlhjZ \jZsZl_evgh]h# G_l#\#D<L1
ij_h[jZah\Zl_ey1 #

71#H[gme1 H[gmey_l#ij_h[jZah\Zl_ev# Hrb[dZ/#_keb#l_kl#g_#ijhr_e1#


Z[k1 ^Z\e_gby#j_]meylhjZ# G_l#\#D<L1
^Z\e_gb_ dbkehjh^Z1
Hlkh_^bgbl_#b#\gh\v# IJBF?Q:GB?=
ijbkh_^bgbl_#ih^Zqm#
dbkehjh^Z/#dZd#mdZaZgh1 B]ghjbjh\Zgb_#w lhc#hrb[db#
GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>/# fh`_l#\ua\Zlv#ihklZ\dm#
qlh[u#h[hagZqblv#bkiheg_gb_# g_ijZ\bevghc#dhgp_gljZpbb#
dZ`^h]h##aZijZrb\Z_fh]h# dbkehjh^Z1
^_ckl\by1
........

4-17
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 18 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

4 KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#+l_klu#D<L#b#I<L,
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#7-9=#Ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv#l_klh\#I<L#+ijh^1,

GZa\Zgb_#b#
Nmgdpby Dhff_glZjbb
ghf_j#l_klZ

81 L_kl Ijh\_jy_l#khe_ghb^u# Hrb[dZ/#_keb#l_kl#g_#ijhr_e1


khe_ghb^h\ dbkehjh^Z#b#^Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z1 G_l#\#D<L1
25
IJBF?Q:GB?=
B]ghjbjh\Zgb_#w lhc#hrb[db#
fh`_l#\ua\Zlv#ihklZ\dm#
g_ijZ\bevghc#dhgp_gljZpbb#
dbkehjh^Z1

91 L_kl#^ZlqbdZ Ijh\_jy_l#lhqghklv#^ZlqbdZ# HldZa/#_keb#l_kl#g_#ijhr_e1


ihlhdZ ihlhdZ#\u^hoZ1 LZd`_#_klv#\#D<L1

:1#L_kl#ml_qdb Ijh\_jy_l#^uoZl_evguc#dhglmj# Hrb[dZ/#_keb#l_kl#g_#ijhr_e1


gZ#ml_qdb1 LZd`_#_klv#\#D<L1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
B]ghjbjh\Zgb_#w lhc#hrb[db#
fh`_l#\ua\Zlv#g_ijZ\bevgmx#
dhfieZcgk0dhfi_gkZpbx/#
g_lhqgh_#h[_ki_q_gb_#
^uoZl_evgh]h#h[t_fZ#beb#
Z\lhaZpbdeb\Zgb_1

:1 KjZ\g_gb_ Ijh\_jy_l#jZ[hlm# Hrb[dZ/#_keb#l_kl#g_#ijhr_e1#


>1<u^o#b ij_h[jZah\Zl_e_c#^Z\e_gby#\h# LZd`_#_klv#\#D<L1
>1Pbe \gmlj_gg_c#ig_\fZlbd_#b#
+CjZ\g_gb_ ^uoZl_evghf#dhglmj_1
IJBF?Q:GB?=
^Z\e_gby
\u^hoZ#b B]ghjbjh\Zgb_#w lhc#hrb[db#
^Z\e_gby # fh`_l#\ua\Zlv#g_ijZ\bevgmx#
pbebg^jZ dhfieZcgk0dhfi_gkZpbx/#
0#lZd`_#qZklv g_lhqgh_#h[_ki_q_gb_#
l_klZ#:, ^uoZl_evgh]h#h[t_fZ#beb#
Z\lhaZpbdeb\Zgb_1
........

4-18
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 19 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#+l_klu#D<L#b#I<L, 4
..............................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#7-9=#Ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv#l_klh\#I<L#+ijh^1,

GZa\Zgb_#b#
Nmgdpby Dhff_glZjbb
ghf_j#l_klZ

:1 L_kl Ijh\_jy_l#khhl\_lkl\mxsb_# HldZa/#_keb#l_kl#g_#ijhr_e1#


Z\lhh[gme1 nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_#khe_ghb^h\# LZd`_#_klv#\#D<L1
khe1 ^Z\e_gby#\u^hoZ#b#^Z\e_gby#
+L_kl pbebg^jh\1#
IJBF?Q:GB?=
Z\lhh[gm0
e_gby B]ghjbjh\Zgb_#w lhc#hrb[db#
khe_ghb^h\ fh`_l#\ua\Zlv#g_ijZ\bevgmx#
0#lZd`_#qZklv dhfieZcgk0dhfi_gkZpbx/#
l_klZ#:, g_lhqgh_#h[_ki_q_gb_#
^uoZl_evgh]h#h[t_fZ#beb#
Z\lhaZpbdeb\Zgb_1

;1 DhfieZcgk0 Hij_^_ey_l#dhfieZcgk# Hrb[dZ/#_keb#l_kl#g_#ijhr_e1


l_kl ^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ1 LZd`_#_klv#\#D<L1

<1 L_kl#nbevljZ Ijh\_jy_l#iZ^_gb_#^Z\e_gby#\# Hrb[dZ/#_keb#l_kl#g_#ijhr_e1


<>O2<U> ebgbyo#\^hoZ#b#\u^hoZ#\k_c# LZd`_#_klv#\#D<L1#H[yaZl_e_g#\#I<L/#
kbkl_fu#iZpb_glZ1#Ijh\_jy_l# gh#^hihegbl_evguc#\#D<L1
iZ^_gb_#^Z\e_gby#\#nbevljZo1#
Hlkh_^bgbl_#b#\gh\v# IJBF?Q:GB?=
ijbkh_^bgbl_#ljm[dm#\^hoZ#+,,#
hl2d#\uoh^m#nbevljZ#\^hoZ#b# B]ghjbjh\Zgb_#w lhc#hrb[db#
ljm[dm#\u^hoZ#+(,#hl2d#\oh^m# fh`_l#ijb\_klb#d#
nbevljZ#\u^hoZ/#dZd#mdZaZgh1# g_^hklZlhqghc#aZsbl_#hl#
AZ[ehdbjmcl_#b#jZa[ehdbjmcl_# [Zdl_jbc#beb#qj_af_jghfm#
ljhcgbd#aZ]emrdhc#1#5/#dZd# khijhlb\e_gbx#gZ#\^ho_#beb#
mdZaZgh1 \u^ho_1
GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>/#
qlh[u#h[hagZqblv#bkiheg_gb_#
dZ`^h]h##aZijZrb\Z_fh]h#
^_ckl\by1
........

4-19
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 20 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

4 KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#+l_klu#D<L#b#I<L,
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#7-9=#Ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv#l_klh\#I<L#+ijh^1,

GZa\Zgb_#b#
Nmgdpby Dhff_glZjbb
ghf_j#l_klZ

431 L_kl Ijh\_jy_l#kihkh[ghklv# HldZa/#_keb#l_kl#g_#ijhr_e1


kbkl_fu kbkl_fu#3((3#h[_ki_qb\Zlv#b# LZd`_#_klv#\#D<L/#gh#g_#b^_glbqguc1
3((3 ih^^_j`b\Zlv#\u[jZgguc#
mjh\_gb#^Z\e_gby#3((3#\#
dZ`^hf#ba#^\mo#gZ[hjh\#
ij_^_eh\1#?keb#j_amevlZlu#
gZoh^ylky#\#jZfdZo#
\gmlj_gg_]h#gZ[hjZ#ij_^_eh\/#
l_kl#ijhoh^bl#\#i_j\uc#jZa1#
?keb#j_amevlZlu#\g_#\g_rg_]h#
gZ[hjZ#ij_^_eh\/#l_kl#g_#
ijhoh^bl#\#i_j\uc#jZa1#?keb#
j_amevlZlu#\g_#\gmlj_ggbo#
ij_^_eh\/#gh#\#jZfdZo#\g_rgbo#
ij_^_eh\/#ZiiZjZl#j_]mebjm_l#
k\hx#lZ[ebpm#dZeb[jh\db#\#
w g_j]hg_aZ\bkbfhc#iZfylb#
+195$0,#b#ih\lhjy_l#l_kl#^ey#
ijh\_jdb#dZeb[jh\db1#L_kl#g_#
ijhoh^bl/#_keb#dZeb[jh\dZ#g_#
fh`_l#[ulv#ijh\_j_gZ#ihke_#
8 ihiulhd1

441 L_kl Ijh\_jy_l#ijh\_jhqgu_# HldZa/#_keb#l_kl#g_#ijhr_e1


ijh\_j1 deZiZgu#gZ#\oh^ghf#b# G_l#\#D<L1
deZiZgZ \uoh^ghf#ihjlZo#pbebg^jZ#b#\#
ebgbb#\u^hoZ#^uoZl_evgh]h#
dhglmjZ1
........

4-20
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 21 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#+l_klu#D<L#b#I<L, 4
..............................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#7-9=#Ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv#l_klh\#I<L#+ijh^1,

GZa\Zgb_#b#
Nmgdpby Dhff_glZjbb
ghf_j#l_klZ

451 L_kl#ml_qdb Ijh\_jy_l#ml_qdm#ihjrgy#ih# HldZa/#_keb#l_kl#g_#ijhr_e1


deZiZgZ lZ[ebp_#agZq_gbc#ml_q_d/# G_l#\#D<L1
ojZgys_cky#\#195$01
KgZqZeZ#m^Zebl_#nbevlj#\^hoZ/#
aZl_f#[ehdbjmcl_#b#
jZa[ehdbjmcl_#ihjl#nbevljZ#
\^hoZ/#dZd#mdZaZgh/#bkihevamy#
aZ]emrdm#1#61#GZ`fbl_#
deZ\brm#<<H>/#qlh[u#
h[hagZqblv#bkiheg_gb_#
dZ`^h]h#aZijhr_ggh]h#
^_ckl\by1#MklZgh\bl_#gZ#f_klh#
ljm[dm#\^hoZ#\#dhgp_#l_klZ1

461 L_kl Ijh\_jy_l#jZ[hlm#\k_o# HldZa/#_keb#l_kl#g_#ijhr_e1


ih^k\_ldb bg^bdZlhjh\#b#w djZgh\1# G_l#\#D<L1
Ihkfhljbl_#gZ#dZ`^uc#
mdZau\Z_fuc#\#l_kl_#w djZg#b#
gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>#^ey#
ih^l\_j`^_gby#bkijZ\ghklb#
_]h#ih^k\_ldb1#GZ`fbl_#
deZ\brm#HQBKLD:/#_keb#
ih^k\_ldZ#w djZgZ#g_#jZ[hlZ_l1

471#L_kl#deZ\br Ijh\_jy_l#ijZ\bevghklv# HldZa/#_keb#l_kl#g_#ijhr_e1


jZ[hlu#\k_o#deZ\br# G_l#\#D<L1
deZ\bZlmju1
GZ`fbl_#dZ`^mx#mdZau\Z_fmx#
deZ\brm#+bg^bdZlhj#dZ`^hc#
deZ\brb#lZd`_#^he`_g#
k\_lblky,1#GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#
HQBKLD:/#_keb#bg^bdZlhj#
deZ\brb#g_#bkijZ\_g1
........

4-21
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 22 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

4 KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#+l_klu#D<L#b#I<L,
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#7-9=#Ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv#l_klh\#I<L#+ijh^1,

GZa\Zgb_#b#
Nmgdpby Dhff_glZjbb
ghf_j#l_klZ

481 L_kl#]eZ\g1 Ijh\_jy_l/#keurgu#eb#jZagu_# HldZa/#_keb#l_kl#g_#ijhr_e1


lj_\h]b a\mdh\u_#kb]gZeu#lj_\h]#+gZ# LZd`_#_klv#\#D<L1
fZdkbfZevghc#]jhfdhklb,1
IjhkemrZcl_#dZ`^uc#gZa\Zguc#
kb]gZe/#aZl_f#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#
<<H>#^ey#ih^l\_j`^_gby#_]h#
keurbfhklb1#GZ`fbl_#
deZ\brm#HQBKLD:/#_keb#
kb]gZe#g_#keur_g1

491 L_kl Ijh\_jy_l#jZ[hlm#j_a_j\gh]h# Hrb[dZ/#_keb#l_kl#g_#ijhr_e1


j_a_j\1 kb]gZeZ#lj_\h]b1 LZd`_#_klv#\#D<L1
lj_\h]b GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>/#_keb#
kb]gZe#keur_g#beb#deZ\brm# IJBF?Q:GB?=
HQBKLD:/#_keb#kb]gZe#g_#
keur_g1 Ijb#b]ghjbjh\Zgbb#w lhc#
hrb[db#fh`_l#hlkmlkl\h\Zlv#
a\mdh\hc#kb]gZe#lj_\h]b#hl#
j_a_j\gh]h##^bgZfbdZ#\#kemqZ_/#
_keb#hkgh\ghc#^bgZfbd#
g_bkijZ\_g1

4:1 L_kl Ijh\_jy_l#jZ[hlhkihkh[ghklv# HldZa/#_keb#l_kl#g_#ijhr_e1


hoe1 hkgh\gh]h#hoeZ`^Zxs_]h# G_l#\#D<L1
\_glbeylhjZ \_glbeylhjZ/#kqblu\Zy#[blu#_]h#
khklhygby1

4;1 L_kl Ijh\_jy_l#ijZ\bevghklv# Hrb[dZ/#_keb#l_kl#g_#ijhr_e1#


gZ]j_\Zl_ey nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgby# LZd`_#_klv#\#D<L1
gZ]j_\Zl_e_c#\#ih^kbkl_f_#
\u^hoZ1
IJBF?Q:GB?=
B]ghjbjh\Zgb_#w lhc#hrb[db#
fh`_l#\ua\Zlv#g_lhqguc#
dhgljhev#aZ#h[t_fhf#\u^hoZ#
beb#ih\j_^blv#^Zlqbd#ihlhdZ#
ZiiZjZlZ#beb#_]h#deZiZg#
\u^hoZ1
........

4-22
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 23 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#+l_klu#D<L#b#I<L, 4
..............................................................................
<#dhgp_#dZ`^h]h#l_klZ#hlh[jZ`Z_lky#gZa\Zgb_#l_klZ#b#_]h#khklhygb_=#
ijhr_e2g_#ijhr_e2k[hc1#Dh]^Z#l_kl#ijhr_e/#I<L#Z\lhfZlbq_kdb#
gZqbgZ_l#ke_^mxsbc#l_kl1#<Zf#g_#gm`gh#gbq_]h#^_eZlv/#aZ#
bkdexq_gb_f#kemqZ_\/#dh]^Z#j_amevlZl#l_kl#Hrb[dZ#beb#HldZa/#
beb lj_[mxlky#\Zrb#^_ckl\by1#?keb#l_kl#g_#ijhoh^bl/#\u#fh`_l_#
ijh^he`blv#I<L/#ohly#h[sbc#j_amevlZl#I<L#g_#[m^_l#
iheh`bl_evguf/#ihdZ#mkeh\b_#hrb[db#g_#[m^_l#mkljZg_gh1#
Ihkdhevdm bgnhjfZpby#h#fgh]hqbke_gguo#hrb[dZo#fh`_l#ihfhqv#
ijb#mkljZg_gbb#g_iheZ^hd/#fh`_l#[ulv#ihe_aguf#iheghklvx#
aZ\_jrblv#I<L#^Z`_#k#hrb[dZfb1

LZ[ebpZ#7-:=#Nmgdpbb#deZ\br#\h#\j_fy#I<L

DeZ\brb Nmgdpbb

Ih^l\_j^blv/#qlh#lj_[m_fh_#^_ckl\b_#\uiheg_gh1
<<H>

Ih\lhjblv#l_kl#beb#\_jgmlvky#d#ih^kdZad_#\#gZqZe_#l_klZ1
HQBKLD:

B]ghjbjh\Zlv#j_amevlZl#l_klZ#G_#aZ\_jr_g#beb#K[hc1
JMQGHC
<>HO

I_j_aZimklblv#D<L#k#gZqZeZ1
K;JHK

HklZgh\blv#l_klbjh\Zgb_#b#ijhimklblv#\k_#ihke_^mxsb_#l_klu#D<L1
5#fbg
IJBF?Q:GB?=
?keb#\u[jZgguc#dhglmj/#m\eZ`gbl_ev#beb#jZaf_j#WL#baf_gyebkv#kh#
\j_f_gb#ihke_^g_]h#aZimkdZ#D<L/#w lZ#deZ\brZ#\j_f_ggh#hldexq_gZ#
^h#aZ\_jr_gby#ijhoh^Z#dhfieZcgk0l_klZ1
........

4-23
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 24 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

4 KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#+l_klu#D<L#b#I<L,
..........................................................................
91 G_dhlhju_#l_klu#\u^Zxl#^hihegbl_evgu_#ih^kdZadb/#g_dhlhju_#ba#
dhlhjuo#lj_[mxl#hl#hi_jZlhjZ#hl\_lguo#^_ckl\bc1#Bo#kibkhd#
ij_^klZ\e_g#\#lZ[e1 7-;1

LZ[ebpZ#7-;=#Ih^kdZadb#\h#\j_fy#I<L

Ih^kdZadZ Hl\_lgu_#^_ckl\by

Hlkh_^1ih^Zq1#H5 Hlkh_^bgblv#hl#ZiiZjZlZ#bklhqgbd#dbkehjh^Z1#GZ`fbl_#<<H>1

Ijbkh_^1ih^Zq1#H5 Ijbkh_^bgbl_#d#ZiiZjZlm#bklhqgbd#dbkehjh^Z1#GZ`fbl_#<<H>1

IZ^_gb_#^Z\e1 [1[ IZ^_gb_#^Z\e_gby#+\#kf+52,#q_j_a#ij_h[jZah\Zl_ev#^Z\e_gby#


\u^hoZ#aZ#90k_dmg^guc#i_jbh^/#ihke_#lh]h#dZd#^Z\e_gb_#\#kbkl_f_#
^h\_^_gh#^h#83#kf+521#GZ`fbl_#<<H>1

DhfieZcgk [1[[ DhfieZcgk#\#fe2kf+521#GZ`fbl_#<<H>1

Hlkh_^1#ljm[dm#<>HO Hlkh_^bgbl_#ljm[dm#hl#\uoh^Z#nbevljZ#\^hoZ1#HklZ\vl_#nbevlj#
\^hoZ#gZ#f_kl_1#GZ`fbl_#<<H>1

IZ^1<^1 [#[1[#\#433 IZ^_gb_#^Z\e_gby#\#nbevlj_#\^hoZ#\#kf+52#ijb#ihlhd_#433#e2fbg#


beb +\ajhkeuc#dhglmj,#beb#73#e2fbg#+i_^bZljbq_kdbc#dhglmj,1#
IZ^1<^1 [#[1[#\#73 Ijbkh_^bgbl_#ljm[dm#d#\uoh^m#nbevljZ#\^hoZ1#GZ`fbl_#<<H>1
Ijbkh_^1ljm[dm#<^ho

JZa[ehdbj1#ljhcgbd M^Zebl_#aZ]emrdm#ba#ljhcgbdZ#iZpb_glZ1#GZ`fbl_#<<H>1

;ehdbj1#ljhcgbd <klZ\vl_#aZ]emrdm#\#ljhcgbd#iZpb_glZ1#GZ`fbl_#<<H>1

Hlkh_^1#ljm[dm# Ijbkh_^bgbl_#ljm[dm#d#\uoh^m#nbevljZ#\^hoZ#b#hlkh_^bgbl_#
<U>HO ljm[dm#hl#\oh^Z#nbevljZ#\u^hoZ1#HklZ\vl_#nbevlj#\u^hoZ#gZ#f_kl_1#
GZ`fbl_#<<H>1

IZ^1<u^1 #[1[#\#433 IZ^_gb_#^Z\e_gby#\#nbevlj_#\u^hoZ#\#kf+52#ijb#ihlhd_#433#e2fbg#


beb +\ajhkeuc#dhglmj,#beb#73#e2fbg#+i_^bZljbq_kdbc#dhglmj,1#GZ`fbl_#
IZ^1<u^# [#[1[#\#73 <<H>1#Ijbkh_^bgbl_#ljm[dm#d#\uoh^m#nbevljZ#\u^hoZ1
Ijbkh_^1#ljm[dm#
<U>HO

;ehdbj1#ihjl1n1<^ho Kgbfbl_#nbevlj#\^hoZ1#<klZ\vl_#aZ]emrdm#1#6#\#\uoh^#nbevljZ#
\^hoZ1#GZ`fbl_#<<H>1

Ijbkh_^1ljm[dm#<^ho M^Zebl_#aZ]emrdm#ba#\uoh^Z#nbevljZ#\^hoZ1#MklZgh\bl_#nbevlj#
\^hoZ1#GZ`fbl_#<<H>1
........

4-24
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 25 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#+l_klu#D<L#b#I<L, 4
..............................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#7-;=#Ih^kdZadb#\h#\j_fy#I<L#+ijh^1,

Ih^kdZadZ Hl\_lgu_#^_ckl\by

GZa\Zgb_#qZklb# GZ`fbl_#<<H>/#qlh[u#ih^l\_j^blv/#qlh#\k_#bg^bdZlhju#b#w djZgu#\#


iZg_eb mdZaZgghc#k_dpbb#k\_lylky1

A:IHEG?GH#<?JO1# GZ`fbl_#<<H>/#qlh[u#ih^l\_j^blv/#qlh#\k_#ibdk_eb#\#\_jog_c#
HDGH"# iheh\bg_#\#jZ[hq_f#khklhygbb1

A:IHEG?GH#GB@G1# GZ`fbl_#<<H>/#qlh[u#ih^l\_j^blv/#qlh#\k_#ibdk_eb#\#gb`g_c#
HDGH" iheh\bg_##\#jZ[hq_f#khklhygbb1

GZa\Zgb_#deZ\brb GZ`fbl_#mdZaZggmx#deZ\brm1

=jhfdbc#a\md#lj_\h]b Ih^l\_j^bl_#keurbfhklv#kb]gZeZ#lj_\h]b/#gZ`Z\#<<H>1

Kj_^gbc#a\md#lj_\h]b Ih^l\_j^bl_#keurbfhklv#kb]gZeZ#lj_\h]b/#gZ`Z\#<<H>1

G_l#a\mdZ#lj_\h]b Ih^l\_j^bl_/#qlh#\u#g_#keurbl_#kb]gZe#lj_\h]b/#gZ`Z\#<<H>1

J_a_j\1ij_^mij1\de1" Ih^l\_j^bl_#keurbfhklv#kb]gZeZ#lj_\h]b/#gZ`Z\#<<H>1

:1 Dh]^Z#ihke_^gbc#\#ihke_^h\Zl_evghklb#l_kl#aZ\_jr_g/#hlh[jZ`Z_lky#
khklhygb_#aZ\_jr_gby#I<L#+lZ[e1 7-<,1#Hl\_lvl_/#dZd#mdZaZgh1
?keb#hkgh\gu_#ih#agZqbfhklb##l_klu#g_#ijhoh^yl/#[_ahiZkghklv#
\_glbeypbb#fh`_l#hdZaZlvky#ih^#m]jhahc/#b#ZiiZjZl#i_j_oh^bl#\#
khklhygb_#g_jZ[hlhkihkh[ghklb/#^h#l_o#ihj#ihdZ#hg#g_#[m^_l#
bkijZ\e_g1#Wlh#khklhygb_#gZau\Z_lky#hldZahf#ZiiZjZlZ1#?keb#g_#
ijhoh^yl#f_g__#\Z`gu_#l_klu/#gh#\_glbeypby#\k_#`_#\hafh`gZ#+ih#
hp_gd_#ih^]hlh\e_ggh]h#hi_jZlhjZ,/#w lh#khklhygb_#gZau\Z_lky#
hrb[dhc#ZiiZjZlZ1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
Hrb[db#+khh[s_gb_#ÄK[hc#I<L³,/#h[gZjm`_ggu_#\#l_q_gb_#I<L/#fh]ml#
g_#lj_[h\Zlv#g_f_^e_ggh]h#hldZaZ#hl#debgbq_kdh]h#bkihevah\Zgby#
ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#b#_]h#k_j\bkgh]h#h[kem`b\Zgby1#H^gZdh/#hiulguc#
hi_jZlhj#^he`_g#hp_gblv#kblmZpbx#b#hij_^_eblv/#fh`gh#eb#
ihevah\Zlvky#ZiiZjZlhf1#HldZau#+khh[s_gb_=#ÄI<L#g_#ijhr_e³,/#
\uy\e_ggu_#\#oh^_#I<L/#lj_[mxl#g_f_^e_ggh]h#hldZaZ#hl#debgbq_kdh]h#
bkihevah\Zgby#ZiiZjZlZ#b#_]h#k_j\bkgh]h#h[kem`b\Zgby1
........

4-25
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 26 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

4 KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#+l_klu#D<L#b#I<L,
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#7-<=#J_amevlZlu#I<L

J_amevlZl#
Qlh#w lh#hagZqZ_l= Qlh#^_eZlv=
I<L

I<L# <k_#l_klu#\uiheg_gu#b# Qlh[u#aZimklblv#ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv#


ijhr_e ijhreb#mki_rgh1 l_klh\#ih\lhjgh/#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#
K;J1IJ?>MIJ1
Qlh[u#\uclb#ba#I<L#b#gZqZlv#
\_glbeypbx/#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>1
JZa[ehdbjmcl_#ljhcgbd/#dZd#mdZaZgh/#aZl_f#
gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>1#AZimklblky#3267/#b#
[m^_l#gZqZlZ#\_glbeypby#k#ihke_^gbfb#
ijZ\bevgufb#gZkljhcdZfb1

I<L#g_# <k_#l_klu#ijhc^_gu# Qlh[u#aZimklblv#ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv#


aZ\_jr_g mki_rgh/#gh#g_dhlhju_# l_klh\#ih\lhjgh/#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#K;J1IJ
l_klu#[ueb#ijhims_gu1# ?>MIJ1
Ijhims_ggu_#l_klu#ijhreb# Qlh[u#\uclb#ba#I<L#b#gZqZlv#
mki_rgh#ijb#ij_^u^ms_f# \_glbeypbx/#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#JMQGHC#
aZimkd_#l_klZ1 <>HO1#;m^_l#\u^ZgZ#ih^kdZadZ/#ohlbl_#eb#\u#
b]ghjbjh\Zlv#j_amevlZlu1#GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#
JMQGHC#<>HO#_s_#jZa#^ey#ih^l\_j`^_gby1#
JZa[ehdbjmcl_#ljhcgbd/#dZd#mdZaZgh/#aZl_f#
gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>1#AZimklblky#3267/#b#
\_glbeypby#[m^_l#aZims_gZ#k#ihke_^gbfb#
ijZ\bevgufb#gZkljhcdZfb1
........

4-26
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 27 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#+l_klu#D<L#b#I<L, 4
..............................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#7-<=#J_amevlZlu#I<L#+ijh^1,

J_amevlZl#
Qlh#w lh#hagZqZ_l= Qlh#^_eZlv=
I<L

K[hc#I<L H^bg#beb#g_kdhevdh#l_klh\# Qlh[u#aZimklblv#ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv#


g_#ijhreb1#Hkgh\u\Zykv#gZ# l_klh\#ih\lhjgh/#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#K;J1IJ
hp_gd_#kblmZpbb/#hi_jZlhj# ?>MIJ1
fh`_l#jZkkfZljb\Zlv#w lh# Qlh[u#\uclb#ba#I<L#b#gZqZlv#
kh[ulb_#dZd#g_#\ebyxs__#gZ# \_glbeypbx/#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#JMQGHC#
\hafh`ghklv#[_ahiZkghc# <>HO1#;m^_l#\u^ZgZ#ih^kdZadZ/#ohlbl_#eb#\u#
jZ[hlu#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E1 b]ghjbjh\Zlv#j_amevlZlu1#GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#
JMQGHC#<>HO#_s_#jZa#^ey#ih^l\_j`^_gby1#
JZa[ehdbjmcl_#ljhcgbd/#dZd#mdZaZgh/#aZl_f#
gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>1#AZimklblky#3267/#
b \_glbeypby#[m^_l#aZims_gZ#k#ihke_^gbfb#
ijZ\bevgufb#gZkljhcdZfb1

Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
G_#bkihevamcl_#ZiiZjZl/#I<L#gZ#dhlhjhf#aZ\_jrZ_lky#kh#k[hyfb/#[_a#
ijh\_jdb#ijZ\bevghklb#_]h#jZ[hlu#bgufb#kj_^kl\Zfb#b#hij_^_e_gby#
hlkmlkl\by#jbkdZ#^ey#iZpb_glZ1

I<L#g_# H^bg#beb#g_kdhevdh#l_klh\# H[jZlbl_kv#\#k_j\bkgmx#kem`[m1


ijhr_e g_#ijhreh/#qlh#fh`_l# Qlh[u#aZimklblv#ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv#
kgbablv#[_ahiZkghklv# l_klh\#ih\lhjgh/#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#K;J1IJ
\_glbeypbb1 ?>MIJ1#
Ijb#ihiuld_#kgh\Z#
\dexqblv#ZiiZjZl#[m^_l#
Zdlb\babjh\Zgh#khklhygb_#
<?GLBEYLHJ
G?#BKIJ:<?G1
........

4-27
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 28 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

4 KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#+l_klu#D<L#b#I<L,
..........................................................................
........

4-28
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 1 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

=eZ\Z

Ihke_#aZimkdZ#\_glbeypbb 8 5
.............................................................................
<#^Zgghc#]eZ\_#kh^_j`blky#hibkZgb_=
• baf_g_gby#gZkljh_d#+djZldbc#h[ahj,>
• ijhkfhljZ#b#baf_g_gby#ij_^_eh\#lj_\h]#+djZldbc#h[ahj,>
• j_]mebjh\db#iZjZf_ljh\#:IGHW>
• ijhkfhljZ#^Zgguo#iZpb_glZ>
• deZ\br#433(#25#b#JMQGHC#<>HO>
• deZ\br#I:MA:#<U>HO:#b#I:MA:#<>HO:1

814##Baf_g_gb_#gZkljh_d=#djZldbc#h[ahj#
Wlhl#jZa^_e#hibku\Z_l#ijhp_kk#baf_g_gby#gZkljh_d/#i_j_dexq_gb_#f_`^m#
\_glbeypb_c#k#dhgljhe_f#ih#h[t_fm#+9&9,/#\_glbeypb_c#k#dhgljhe_f#ih#
^Z\e_gbx#+3&9/#^hklmigZ#lhevdh#gZ#ZiiZjZl_#B<E#:93,#b#\_glbeypb_c#k#
ih^^_j`dhc#^Z\e_gb_f#+369,#b#baf_g_gb_#j_`bfh\1

81414##Baf_g_gb_#gZkljh_d
<u#fh`_l_#baf_gylv#lhevdh#lm#gZkljhcdm/#dhlhjZy#y\ey_lky#qZklvx#
l_dms_]h#beb#ij_^iheZ]Z_fh]h#j_`bfZ#beb#lbiZ#^uoZgby/#beb#h^ghc#ba#
lj_o#h[sbo#gZkljh_d#+3((32&3$3/#QM<KL<BL?EVGHKLV#
LJB==?J:#b#(#25,1#GZijbf_j/#\#j_`bf_#KIHGL#\u#g_#fh`_l_#baf_gblv#
>UO:L?EVGUC#H;T?F1#<u#fh`_l_#baf_gylv#jZaebqgu_#gZkljhcdb#kjZam#
beb#ihhq_j_^gh1
Qlh[u#baf_gblv#gZkljhcdm/#dhkgbl_kv#deZ\brb/#ih\_jgbl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev/#
gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>1
41 Dhkgbl_kv#deZ\brb/#bg^bdZlhj#deZ\brb#aZk\_lblky/#khhl\_lkl\mxsZy#
gZkljhcdZ#gZqg_l#fb]Zlv/#\#hdg_#khh[s_gby#ihy\ylky#l_dmsZy#
gZkljhcdZ/#^bZiZahg/#_^bgbpu#baf_j_gby#b#bfy#gZkljhcdb1#+?keb#
bf__lky#^hihegbl_evgZy#bgnhjfZpby#h#gZkljhcd_/#hgZ#lZd`_#[m^_l#
hlh[jZ`_gZ1,
51 Ih\_jgbl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev#^ey#baf_g_gby#gZkljhcdb1
........

5-1
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 2 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

5 Ihke_#aZimkdZ#\_glbeypbb
..........................................................................
61 Ih\lhjbl_#rZ]b#4#b#5#^ey#dZ`^hc#gZkljhcdb/#dhlhjmx#\u#ohlbl_#
baf_gblv1#GZ`Zlb_#deZ\brb#HQBKLD:#hlf_gy_l#kZfmx#ihke_^gxx#
gZkljhcdm1
71 Qlh[u#gh\Zy#gZkljhcdZ#klZeZ#^_ckl\mxs_c/#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>1#
Bg^bdZlhj#deZ\brb#ih]Zkg_l/#gh\u_#gZkljhcdb#[m^ml#hlh[jZ`_gu/#b#\#
hdg_#khh[s_gbc#ihy\blky#ke_^mxs__#khh[s_gb_=
MklZgh\db#ijbgylu

81415##I_j_dexq_gb_#f_`^m#^uoZgbyfb#9&9/#3&9#b#369
>ey#i_j_dexq_gby#f_`^m#lbiZfb#^uoZgby#g_h[oh^bfh#kgZqZeZ#
\u[jZlv#j_`bf/#dhlhjuc#w lh#iha\hey_l1#>ey#baf_g_gby#j_`bfZ#
ke_^mcl_#rZ]Zf#\#i1 814161
?keb#\u#iulZ_l_kv#\u[jZlv#lbi#^uoZgby#+\_glbeypbx,/#g_^hklmiguc#\#
l_dms_f#j_`bf_/#ZiiZjZl#B<E#ihdZ`_l#khh[s_gb_=#
<u[_jbl_#j_`bf#^h
\u[hjZ#lbiZ
<#lZ[e1 8-4#kh^_j`Zlky#lbiu#^uoZgby/#^hklmigu_#gZ#ZiiZjZlZo#B<E#:73#b#
:93/#b#mkeh\by#\u[hjZ#w lbo#lbih\#^uoZgby1#

LZ[ebpZ#8-4=#>hklmigu_#lbiu#^uoZgby

:iiZjZl#B<E Lbiu#^uoZgby Dhff_glZjbb

:iiZjZl# • <_glbeypby#k# • 9&9#g_#^hklmigZ#\#j_`bf_#KIHGL


B<E#:73# dhgljhe_f#ih#
• 369#g_#^hklmigZ#\#j_`bf_
h[t_fm#+9&9,
<KIHFH=:L?EVGU?
• <_glbeypby#k#
• <k_#lbiu#^uoZgby#^hklmigu#\#j_`bf_#6,091
ih^^_j`dhc#
^Z\e_gb_f#+369,

:iiZjZl# • 9&9 • 9&9#b#3&9#g_#^hklmigZ#\#j_`bf_#KIHGL


B<E :93
• 369 • 369#g_#^hklmigZ#\#j_`bf_#
<KIHFH=:L?EVGU?
• <_glbeypby#k#
dhgljhe_f#ih# • <k_#lbiu#^uoZgby#^hklmigu#\#j_`bf_#6,091
^Z\e_gbx#+3&9,
........

5-2
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 3 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ihke_#aZimkdZ#\_glbeypbb 5
..............................................................................
81416##Baf_g_gb_#j_`bfZ
<#ijhp_kk_#\_glbeypbb#k\_lblky#bg^bdZlhj#deZ\brb#l_dms_]h#j_`bfZ/#b#
hlh[jZ`Zxlky#gZkljhcdb1#Qlh[u#baf_gblv#j_`bf=
41 <u[hj#j_`bfZ=#GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<KIHF1/#6,09#beb#KIHGL1#
Bg^bdZlhju#deZ\br#^ey#gZkljh_d/#khhl\_lkl\mxsbo#\u[jZgghfm#
j_`bfm/#gZqgml#fb]Zlv1
51 <u[hj#lbiZ#^uoZgby=#?keb#\u[jZg#j_`bf#<KIHFH=:L?EVGU?#
beb#6,09/#\u[_jbl_#9&9#beb#3&9#+lhevdh#:93,1#?keb#\u[jZg#j_`bf#
6,09#beb#KIHGL/#\u[_jbl_#3691
61 <u[hj#gZkljh_d=#>h#lh]h/#dZd#gh\uc#j_`bf#[m^_l#aZ^_ckl\h\Zg/#^ey#
dZ`^h]h#fb]Zxs_]h#bg^bdZlhjZ#deZ\brb#gm`gh#dhkgmlvky#_]h#
deZ\brb#b#hlj_]mebjh\Zlv#gZkljhcdm#+_keb#w lh#g_h[oh^bfh,1
GZkljhcdb#3((32&3$3/#QM<KL<BL?EVGHKLV#LJB==?J:#b#(#25#
fh`gh#baf_gylv#\#ex[h_#\j_fy/#ih^l\_j`^_gb_#beb#baf_g_gb_#w lbo#
gZkljh_d#ijb#baf_g_gbb#j_`bfZ#g_#lj_[m_lky1
71 Ijbf_gblv#gZkljhcdb=#GZ`fbl_#<<H>1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
Ih^jh[gh_#hibkZgb_#j_`bfh\#b#lbih\#^uoZgby#^Zgh#\#ijbe1 '1

815##Ijhkfhlj#b#baf_g_gb_#ij_^mij_`^_gbc=#djZldbc#h[ahj#
<u#fh`_l_#ijhkfZljb\Zlv#gZkljhcdb#lj_\h]#\#ex[h_#\j_fy/#g_#\ebyy#gZ#
ijhp_kk#\_glbeypbb=#ijhklh#dhkgbl_kv#khhl\_lkl\mxs_c#deZ\brb1
<u#fh`_l_#baf_gblv#gZkljhcdb#lj_\h]#\#ex[h_#\j_fy#\#l_q_gb_#ijhp_kkZ#
\_glbeypbb1#AZ#h^bg#jZa#fh`gh#baf_gblv#lhevdh#h^gm#gZkljhcdm#lj_\h]b1#
>ey#baf_g_gby#gZkljhcdb#dhkgbl_kv#deZ\brb/#ih\_jgbl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev/#
gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>1
41 Dhkgbl_kv#deZ\brb/#bg^bdZlhj#deZ\brb#aZk\_lblky/#Z#gZkljhcdZ#
lj_\h]b#\#hdg_#[m^_l#fb]Zlv#63#k_dmg^1
51 Ih\_jgbl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev#^ey#baf_g_gby#gZkljhcdb#lj_\h]b1#
+GZkljhcdm#fh`gh#baf_gblv/#ihdZ#hgZ#fb]Z_l1,
........

5-3
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 4 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

5 Ihke_#aZimkdZ#\_glbeypbb
..........................................................................
61 Qlh[u#k^_eZlv#^_ckl\mxs_c#gh\mx#gZkljhcdm#lj_\h]b/#gZ`fbl_#
deZ\brm#<<H>1#Gh\Zy#gZkljhcdZ#lj_\h]b#i_j_klZg_l#fb]Zlv/#b#\#hdg_#
khh[s_gbc#ihy\blky#khh[s_gb_=
MklZgh\db#ijbgylu#
<u#g_#fh`_l_#baf_gblv#gZkljhcdb#lj_\h]#^h#l_o#ihj/#ihdZ#gZkljhcdb#
ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#g_#\\_^_gu#\#^_ckl\b_1

816##J_]mebjh\dZ#iZjZf_ljh\#:IGHW#
Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
Qlh[u#[ulv#m\_j_gguf#\#lhf/#qlh#iZpb_gl#ihemqZ_l#khhl\_lkl\mxsmx#
\_glbeypbx#\#kemqZ_#:IGHW#\#j_`bf_#KIHGL/#g_h[oh^bfh#
ijhkfhlj_lv#iZjZf_lju#:IGHW#b#ijb#g_h[oh^bfhklb#hlj_]mebjh\Zlv#bo1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
<#l_q_gb_#ba\_s_gby#h#lj_\h]_#:IGHW#\u#fh`_l_#baf_gblv
I:J:F?LJU#:IGHW/#gh#g_#^jm]b_#gZkljhcdb#KIHGL1

IZjZf_lju#:IGHW#fh`gh#ijhkfhlj_lv#beb#baf_gblv#lhevdh#\#j_`bf_#K
IHGL1
41 ?keb#ZiiZjZl#B<E#ijhba\h^bl# I:J:F
\_glbeypbx#\#j_`bf_#KIHGL/# :IGHW
gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#I:J:F?LJU#
:IGHW#^ey#ijhkfhljZ#gZkljh_d#
iZjZf_ljh\#:IGHW1#+?keb#\u#\u[jZeb#
j_`bf#KIHGL/#gZkljhcdb#iZjZf_ljh\#
:IGHW#hlh[jZ`Zxlky#Z\lhfZlbq_kdb/# 7-00086
\f_kl_#k#l_f#gZkljhcdb#KIHGL#
^hklmigu1,#Bg^bdZlhj#deZ\brb#I:J
:F?LJU#:IGHW#aZk\_lblky1#
Bg^bdZlhju#deZ\br#gZkljh_d#:IGHW#
[m^ml#fb]Zlv1#<#hdg_#khh[s_gbc#
ihy\blky#khh[s_gb_=
MklZgh\dZ#:IGHW
<u[hj#mklZgh\db 7-00066
........

5-4
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 5 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ihke_#aZimkdZ#\_glbeypbb 5
..............................................................................
Ij_`^_/#q_f#ijbf_gylv#gZkljhcdb/#^ey#dZ`^h]h#fb]Zxs_]h#
bg^bdZlhjZ#deZ\brb#g_h[oh^bfh#dhkgmlvky#_]h#deZ\brb#+b#ijb#
g_h[oh^bfhklb#hlj_]mebjh\Zlv#gZkljhcdm,1
• >ey#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#:73#^hklmigu#lhevdh#gZkljhcdb#\_glbeypbb#
:IGHW#9&9#+Q:KLHL:#>UO:GBC/#>UO:L?EVGUC#H;T?F#b#
IBDH<UC#IHLHD,1#
• >ey#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#:93#fh`gh#\u[jZlv#gZkljhcdb#\_glbeypbb#
:IGHW#9&9#beb#3&9#+Q:KLHL:#>UO:GBC/#>:<E?GB?#
<>HO:/#KHHLGHR?GB?#<>HO=<U>HO#beb#\j_fy#\^hoZ>#
<J?F?GGHC#N:DLHJ#JHKL:#nbdkbjh\Zg#gZ#83(,1
51 Qlh[u#baf_gblv#iZjZf_lju#:IGHW/#
dhkgbl_kv#dZ`^hc#fb]Zxs_c#deZ\brb1#
Bg^bdZlhj#^Zgghc#deZ\brb#i_j_klZg_l#
fb]Zlv/#aZfb]Z_l#khhl\_lkl\mxsZy#_c#
mklZgh\dZ/#b#\#hdg_#khh[s_gbc#ihy\blky#
l_dmsZy#gZkljhcdZ/#^bZiZahg/#_^bgbpu#
baf_j_gby#b#bfy#gZkljhcdb1
7-00068
61 Ih\_jgbl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev#^ey#
baf_g_gby#gZkljhcdb1
71 Ih\lhjbl_#^ey#\k_o#deZ\br#k#fb]Zxsbf#bg^bdZlhjhf1
81 GZ`fbl_#<<H>#^ey#ijbf_g_gby#gh\uo#
<<H>
iZjZf_ljh\#\_glbeypbb#:IGHW1#
Bg^bdZlhj#I:J:F?LJU#:IGHW#
\udexqblky#b#ihy\blky#khh[s_gb_=
MklZgh\db#ijbgylu
?keb#\u#gZ`bfZ_l_#deZ\brm#HQBKLD:# 7-00067

^h#lh]h/#dZd#gZkljhcdb#[m^ml#ijbgylu/#
iZjZf_lju#:IGHW#g_#[m^ml#h[gh\e_gu1#DeZ\brZ#I:J:F?LJU#
:IGHW#[m^_l#fb]Zlv/#b#ZiiZjZl#\u^Zkl#khh[s_gb_=
MklZgh\db#hlf_g_gu
Dhjj_dpby#:IGHW
........

5-5
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 6 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

5 Ihke_#aZimkdZ#\_glbeypbb
..........................................................................
817##Ijhkfhlj#^Zgguo#iZpb_glZ#
>Zggu_#iZpb_glZ#+^Z\e_gb_/#kbgojhgbaZpby#^uoZgby#b#h[t_f,#gZ#ZiiZjZlZo#
B<E#:73#b#:93#fh`gh#ijhkfhlj_lv#\#ex[h_#\j_fy/#g_aZ\bkbfh#hl#ijhp_kkZ#
\_glbeypbb/#gZ`Z\#khhl\_lkl\mxsmx#deZ\brm#+jbk1 8-4,1#Bg^bdZlhj#
deZ\brb#aZk\_lblky#b#agZq_gb_#iZjZf_ljZ#ihy\blky#\#hdg_1#AgZq_gby#
^Zgguo#iZpb_glZ#g_ij_ju\gh#h[gh\eyxlky#\#ijhp_kk_#\_glbeypbb1#
• <h#\j_fy#\_glbeypbb#gZ#ZiiZjZlZo#B<E#:73#b#:93/#_keb#g_l#Zdlb\guo#
beb#Z\lhk[jZku\Z_fuo#lj_\h]/#i_j\Zy#kljhdZ#\#hdg_#khh[s_gbc#
hlh[jZ`Z_l#( 25#+djhf_#kemqZy/#dh]^Z#hlh[jZ`_gb_#ihdZaZgbc#^ZlqbdZ#
dbkehjh^Z#hldexq_gh,1#BgnhjfZpby#( 25#i_j_aZibku\Z_lky#
bgnhjfZpbb#h#^_ckl\bb#+Z\lh0J??J/#jZkq_lu#dhfieZcgkZ#b#
khijhlb\e_gby,/#dhlhjZy#hlh[jZ`Z_lky#\#l_q_gb_#63#k_d#ihke_#
aZ\_jr_gby#^_ckl\by1#BgnhjfZpby#(#25#lZd`_#hlh[jZ`Z_lky#\h#\j_fy#
dZeb[jh\db#^ZlqbdZ#dbkehjh^Z1#?keb#bgnhjfZpby#h#^_ckl\bb#g_#
hlh[jZ`Z_lky/#i_j\Zy#kljhdZ#hklZ_lky#imklhc#ijb#\u[hj_#gZkljhcdb#beb#
bkihevah\Zgbb#deZ\brb#F?GX1
• GZ#ZiiZjZlZo#B<E#:73#b#:93#ibdh\uc#ihlhd#\^hoZ/#ihlhd#dhgpZ#\^hoZ#b#
ihlhd#dhgpZ#\u^hoZ#hlh[jZ`Zxlky#\h#\lhjhc/#lj_lv_c#b#q_l\_jlhc#
kljhdZo#hdgZ#khh[s_gbc#^ey#dZ`^h]h#lbiZ#^uoZgby#+aZ#bkdexq_gb_f#
lh]h/#qlh#ihlhd#\^hoZ#g_#hlh[jZ`Z_lky#ijb#^uoZgbb#9&9#b#\_glbeypbb#
:IGHW#9&9,1#Wlb#agZq_gby#fh`gh#bkihevah\Zlv#^ey#j_]mebjh\db#
gZkljh_d#KHHLGHR?GB?#<>HO=<U>HO#+\j_fy#\^hoZ,#^ey#^uoZgby#
3&9#b#QM<KL<BL?EVGHKLV#<U>HO:#^ey#^uoZgby#3691#Wlb#ihlhdb#
h[gh\eyxlky#\#gZqZe_#dZ`^h]h#\^hoZ#beb#\u^hoZ/#b#hlh[jZ`Zxlky#
ke_^mxsbf#h[jZahf=
Ihlhd#+e2fbg,
<>=Ibd=#[[#Dhg_p#[[
<u^=#dhg1#[[
GZ`Zlb_#deZ\brb#K;J1IJ?>MIJ1#hqbsZ_l#lj_lvx#b#q_l\_jlmx#kljhdm1#
Hdgh#khklhygby#fh`_l#i_j_aZibku\Zlv#w lm#bgnhjfZpbx#\#l_q_gb_#
63 k_dmg^1
• ?keb#^Zggu_#iZpb_glZ#baf_jyebkv#lZd/#qlh#gZoh^ylky#\g_#aZ^Zgghc#
h[eZklb/#\#khhl\_lkl\mxs_f#hdg_#fb]Z_l#fbgbfZevgh_#beb#
fZdkbfZevgh_#agZq_gb_1
........

5-6
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 7 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ihke_#aZimkdZ#\_glbeypbb 5
..............................................................................
• DeZ\bZlmjZ#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#:93#lZd`_#\dexqZ_l#]jZnbq_kdbc#bg^bdZlhj#
^Z\e_gby#+jbk1 8-5,/#dhlhjZy#fh`_l#[ulv#^hklmigZ#k#ihfhsvx#deZ\brb#
F?GX1

>Z\e_gb_#ihdZau\Z_lky#\#kf#\h^1#
kl1+kfH2O) beb#]IZ

gZkljhcdZ#
ij_^mij_`^_gby# >:GGU?#I:PB?GL:#
<UKHDH?#
IJBGM> <KIHFH= KIHGL
>:<E?GB?
>:<E?GB?

Ibdh\h_#^Z\e_gb_# cmH2 O hPa

l_dms_]h#^uoZl_evgh]h# KJ?>G?? IBDH<H?


>:<E?GB?
pbdeZ#\#ljhcgbd_# >:<E?GB?

iZpb_glZ#+ihdZau\Z_lky#
lhevdh#\#l_q_gb_#\u^hoZ,

GZ`fbl_#
khhl\_lkl\mxsmx# 7-00074

deZ\brm#^ey#ijhkfhljZ#
^Zgguo#iZpb_glZ

K\_lh^bh^u#
ihdZau\Zxl#
ih^t_f#b#kiZ^#
^Z\e_gby#dhglmjZ

7-00073

Jbk1#8-41##Ijhkfhlj#^Zgguo#iZpb_glZ
........

5-7
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 8 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

5 Ihke_#aZimkdZ#\_glbeypbb
..........................................................................
:dlb\gZy#rdZeZ#hij_^_ey_l#
gZkljhcdm#<UKHDBC#
>UO:L?EVGUC#H;T?F

GZkljhcdZ#lj_\h]b#<UKHDBC#
>UO:L?EVGUC#H;T?F

FZdkbfZevguc#h[t_f#\u^hoZ#
ij_^u^ms_]h#^uoZl_evgh]h#
pbdeZ#hlh[jZ`Z_lky#\h#\j_fy#
\u^hoZ#

K\_lh^bh^u#ihdZau\Zxl#
ih^t_f#b#kiZ^#h[t_fZ

GZkljhcdZ#lj_\h]b#GBADBC#
>UO:L?EVGUC#H;T?F

7-00050

Jbk1#8-51##=jZnbq_kdbc#bg^bdZlhj#h[t_fZ#+lhevdh#:93,
........

5-8
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 9 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ihke_#aZimkdZ#\_glbeypbb 5
..............................................................................
818##DeZ\brb#433(#25#b#JMQGHC#<>HO
GZ`Zlb_#deZ\brb#433(#25#\uau\Z_l#ih^Zqm#iZpb_glm#433(#dbkehjh^Z#\#
l_q_gb_#5#fbgml#\#ex[h_#\j_fy/#djhf_#\_glbeypbb#:IGHW1#GZ`Zlb_#
deZ\brb#HQBKLD:#\#ex[h_#\j_fy#ihke_#gZqZeZ#j_kibjZlhjgh]h#fZg_\jZ#
433(#25#hlf_gy_l#w lhl#fZg_\j/#b#dhgp_gljZpby#dbkehjh^Z#\ha\jZsZ_lky#\#
gZkljhcdm#(#251
41 GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#433(#25/#bg^bdZlhj# 100%
deZ\brb#aZk\_lblky/#b#h[_ki_qb\Z_fZy# O2
dhgp_gljZpby#dbkehjh^Z#m\_ebqblky#^h#
433(1
51 DZd#lhevdh#dhgp_gljZpby#dbkehjh^Z#
^hklb]Z_l#433(/#aZimkdZ_lky#
^\mofbgmlguc#lZcf_j/#b#ZiiZjZl#B<E# 7-00086

ihklZ\ey_l#iZpb_glm#433(#251#Ih\lhjgh_#gZ`Zlb_#deZ\brb#433( 25#
i_j_aZimklbl#^\mofbgmlguc#lZcf_j1
61 DZd#lhevdh#^\mofbgmlguc#bgl_j\Ze#hdhgq_g/#bg^bdZlhj#deZ\brb#
433( 25#\udexqZ_lky#b#dhgp_gljZpby#dbkehjh^Z#kgbablky#^h#
\_ebqbgu/#mklZgh\e_gghc#gZkljhcdhc#(#251

IJBF?Q:GB?=
Ihke_#lh]h/#dZd#\u#gZ`f_l_#deZ\brm#433(#25/#H;T?F#<U>HO:#^ey#
i_j\h]h#\a^hoZ#fh`_l#[ulv#\ur_/#q_f#nZdlbq_kdbc#h[t_f#\u^hoZ#
iZpb_glZ1#<ukhdbc#hlh[jZ`Z_fuc#h[t_f#0#j_amevlZl#gZqZevgh]h#
\kie_kdZ#^Z\e_gby#\#ZiiZjZl_#ijb#433(#25#b#g_#hljZ`Z_l#nZdlbq_kdbc#
h[t_f/#h[_ki_qb\Z_fuc#iZpb_glm1

DeZ\brZ#JMQGHC#<>HO#h[_ki_qb\Z_l#
JMQGHC
iZpb_glm#h^bg#ijbgm^bl_evguc# <>HO
^uoZl_evguc#kh]eZkgh#l_dmsbf#
gZkljhcdZf#+\ j_`bfZo#<KIHFH0
=:L?EVGU?#beb#6,09,#beb#
l_dmsbf#iZjZf_ljZf#:IGHW#
+\ j_`bf_#KIHGL,1#<u#fh`_l_# 7-00086
ijhba\_klb#JMQGHC#<>HO#\#ex[h_#
\j_fy#\#l_q_gb_#nZau#\u^hoZ1#+Qlh[u#h[_ki_qblv#JMQGHC#
<>HO/#^he`gh#ijhclb#533#fk_d#nZau#\u^hoZ/#b#ihlhd#\u^hoZ#
^he`_g#kgbablvky#^h#83(#hl#ibdh\h]h#ihlhdZ#\^hoZ1#
........

5-9
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 10 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

5 Ihke_#aZimkdZ#\_glbeypbb
..........................................................................
?keb#\h#\j_fy#j_`bfZ#KIHGL#\u#gZ`Zeb#deZ\brm#I:MA:#<>HO:/#
jmqghc#\^ho#ihklZ\ey_lky/#dh]^Z#aZdhgq_gu#533#fk_d#hl#nZau#\u^hoZ/#
b#ihlhd#\u^hoZ#f_gvr_#5#e2fbg#\#l_q_gb_#83#fk_d1,#
JMQGHC#<>HO#g_#jZ[hlZ_l#ijb#\_glbeypbb#:IGHW1
71 GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#JMQGHC#<>HO=#\Zf#g_#gZ^h#m^_j`Zlv#deZ\brm#
gZ`Zlhc1#AZk\_lblky#bg^bdZlhj/#b#ZiiZjZl#B<E#\u^Zkl#khh[s_gb_=
Jmqg1<^ho#^_ckl\m_l
81 Dh]^Z#jmqghc#\^ho#aZ\_jr_g/#bg^bdZlhj#deZ\brb#JMQGHC#<>HO#
\udexqZ_lky/#b#h[_ki_q_gb_#^uoZgby#ijh^he`Z_lky#kh]eZkgh#
kms_kl\mxsbf#gZkljhcdZf1

819##DeZ\brb#I:MA:#<U>HO:#b#I:MA:#<>HO:#
+lhevdh#:93,
<u#fh`_l_#bkihevah\Zlv#deZ\brm#I:MA:# I:MA:
<U>HO:#^ey#jZkq_lZ#Z\lh0J??J#iZpb_glZ# <U>HO:

+hp_gdZ#^Z\e_gby/#dhlhjh_#hklZ_lky#\#e_]dbo#
iZpb_glZ#\#dhgp_#\u^hoZ/#lZd`_#_s_#
gZau\Z_lky#\gmlj_ggbc#3((3#beb#kdjuluc#
3((3,1#>Z\e_gb_#ihlhdZ#dhgpZ#\u^hoZ#
+hlh[jZ`Z_fh_#\#hdg_#khh[s_gbc#dZd#<u^1=# 7-00086
dhg1#[[,#mdZau\Z_l#^Z\e_gb_#Z\lh03((31
41 GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#I:MA:#<U>HO:#\h#\j_fy#\^hoZ#beb#\u^hoZ=#
bg^bdZlhj#deZ\brb#k\_lblky/#b#ZiiZjZl#B<E#aZdju\Z_l#deZiZg#\u^hoZ#
\#dhgp_#nZau#\u^hoZ#[_a#ihklZ\db#^uoZgby1
>h#gZqZeZ#w lh]h#j_kibjZlhjgh]h#fZg_\jZ#ZiiZjZl#hlh[jZ`Z_l#
khh[s_gb_=
Lj_[1#iZmaZ#\u^hoZ
<h#\j_fy#j_kibjZlhjgh]h#fZg_\jZ#ZiiZjZl#hlh[jZ`Z_l#khh[s_gb_=
>_ckl\1#iZmaZ#\u^hoZ
51 FZg_\j#deZ\brb#I:MA:#<U>HO:#aZdZgqb\Z_lky/#dh]^Z#\u#
hlimkdZ_l_#w lm#deZ\brm=#m^_j`b\Zcl_#__#gZ`Zlhc#lhevdh#^h#l_o#ihj/#
ihdZ#g_#klZ[bebabjm_lky#^Z\e_gb_#\u^hoZ#+gZ[ex^Zcl_#aZ#
]jZnbq_kdbf#bg^bdZlhjhf#^Z\e_gby#beb#hdghf#khh[s_gbc,1
........

5-10
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 11 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ihke_#aZimkdZ#\_glbeypbb 5
..............................................................................
61 Dh]^Z#\u#hlimkdZ_l_#deZ\brm#I:MA:#<U>HO:/#\#hdg_#khh[s_gbc#
ijh^he`Z_l#hlh[jZ`Zlvky#jZkkqblZgguc#Z\lh0J??J#iZpb_glZ#\#
l_q_gb_#63#k_dmg^=
3((3=#g [[[#h [[[
]^_#g#0#\gmlj_ggbc#3((3#b#h#0#h[sbc#3((3#+h[sbc#3((3# #baf_j_gguc#
3((3#.#\gmlj_ggbc#3((3,1
Dh]^Z#j_kibjZlhjguc#fZg_\j#aZ\_jr_g/#ZiiZjZl#B<E#g_f_^e_ggh#
ihklZ\ey_l#ijbgm^bl_evgh_#^uoZgb_/#dhlhjh_#[ueh#ijbhklZgh\e_gh#
w lbf#fZg_\jhf1
J_kibjZlhjguc#fZg_\j#deZ\brb#I:MA:#<U>HO:#lZd`_#aZdZgqb\Z_lky/#
_keb#iZpb_gl#bgbpbZebabjm_l#^uoZgb_/#\hagbdZ_l#lj_\h]Z/#nZaZ#\u^hoZ#
+\dexqZy#iZmam,#ijh^he`Z_lky#[he__#53#k_dmg^#beb#ZiiZjZl#hij_^_ey_l#
ml_qdm1#?keb#j_kibjZlhjguc#fZg_\j#deZ\brb#I:MA:#<U>HO:#
hlf_gy_lky#ih#ex[hc#ijbqbg_/#ZiiZjZl#B<E#\u^Z_l#khh[s_gb_=
IZmaZ#\u^hoZ#hlf_g1
<u#fh`_l_#bkihevah\Zlv#deZ\brm#I:MA:# I:MA:
<>HO:#qlh[u=# <>HO:

• jZkkqblZlv#dhfieZcgk#+hp_gdZ#
w eZklbqghklb#e_]dbo#iZpb_glZ,#b#
khijhlb\e_gb_#iZpb_glZ#+hp_gdZ#
khijhlb\e_gby#\ha^mrguo#iml_c#
7-00086
iZpb_glZ/#hkgh\u\ZxsZyky#gZ#iZ^_gbb#
^Z\e_gby#\#aZ^Zgghf#ihlhd_,#ijb#gZ`Zlbb#deZ\brb/#aZl_f#g_f_^e_ggh#
hlimklblv#__1#DeZ\brZ#I:MA:#<>HO:#]_g_jbjm_l#djZldh\j_f_ggmx#
iZmam#\^hoZ#\#5#k_d#beb#f_g__>
• jZkrbjblv#e_]db_#iZpb_glZ#^ey#lZdbo#p_e_c/#dZd#j_gl]_gh\kdh_#
bkke_^h\Zgb_#beb#f_oZgbdZ#e_]dbo/#m^_j`b\Zy#deZ\brm#I:MA:#
<>HO:#[he__#5#k_dmg^#ihke_#gZqZeZ#iZmau/#qlh[u#k]_g_jbjh\Zlv#
jZkrbj_ggmx#iZmam#\^hoZ1#IZmaZ#ijh^he`Z_lky/#ihdZ#\u#m^_j`b\Z_l_#
deZ\brm#+fZdkbfZevgh#^h#43#k_dmg^,1#DhfieZcgk#b#khijhlb\e_gb_#
lZd`_#hlh[jZ`Zxlky#\#dhgp_#jZkrbj_ggh]h#j_kibjZlhjgh]h#fZg_\jZ#
I:MA:#<>HO:1
........

5-11
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 12 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

5 Ihke_#aZimkdZ#\_glbeypbb
..........................................................................
FZg_\j#I:MA:#<>HO:#\uihegy_lky#\#l_q_gb_#ijbgm^bl_evgh]h#^uoZgby/#
b/#_keb#\u[jZg#j_`bf#KIHGL/#ZiiZjZl#ihklZ\ey_l#ijbgm^bl_evgh_#
^uoZgb_#kh]eZkgh#l_dmsbf#gZkljhcdZf#:IGHW/#dh]^Z#ihlhd#\u^hoZ#^ey#
ihke_^g_]h#^uoZl_evgh]h#pbdeZ#iZ^Z_l#gb`_#5#e2fbg1#DhfieZcgk#fh`_l#
[ulv#jZkkqblZg#^ey#^uoZgbc#9&9#b#3&9/#khijhlb\e_gb_#0#lhevdh#^ey#
^uoZgby#9&91#
?keb#lj_[m_lky#djZldh\j_f_ggZy#iZmaZ/#\u#fh`_l_#gZ`Zlv#deZ\brm
HQBKLD:#i_j_^#beb#\h#\j_fy#iZmau/#qlh[u#hlf_gblv#j_kibjZlhjguc#
fZg_\j1#FZg_\j#I:MA:#<>HO:#+djZldh\j_f_gguc#beb#jZkrbj_gguc,#
lZd`_#hlf_gy_lky/#_keb#\hagbdeZ#lj_\h]Z#beb#^Z\e_gb_#dhglmjZ#^hklb]eh#
gZkljhcdb#<UKHDH?#>:<E?GB?1#
?keb#j_kibjZlhjguc#fZg_\j#I:MA:#<>HO:#hlf_gy_lky#ih#ex[hc#
ijbqbg_/#ZiiZjZl#\u^Z_l#khh[s_gb_=
IZmaZ#\^hoZ#hlf_g1
41 GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#I:MA:#<>HO:#\h#\j_fy#\^hoZ#beb#\u^hoZ=#
bg^bdZlhj#deZ\brb#k\_lblky/#b#ZiiZjZl#B<E#^h[Z\ey_l#ieZlh#
+^_j`Z#deZiZg#\u^hoZ#aZdjuluf,#\#dhg_p#nZau#\^hoZ#l_dms_]h#beb#
ke_^mxs_]h#^uoZl_evgh]h#pbdeZ1#
• >ey#djZldh\j_f_gghc#iZmau#gZ`fbl_#b#hlimklbl_#deZ\brm#
I:MA:#<>HO:1
• >ey#jZkrbj_gghc#iZmau#m^_j`b\Zcl_#gZ`Zlhc#deZ\brm#I:MA:#
<>HO:#[he__#5#k_dmg^#ihke_#gZqZeZ#iZmau1#
>h#gZqZeZ#w lh]h#j_kibjZlhjgh]h#fZg_\jZ#ZiiZjZl#hlh[jZ`Z_l#
khh[s_gb_=
Lj_[1#iZmaZ#\^hoZ
<h#\j_fy#j_kibjZlhjgh]h#fZg_\jZ#ZiiZjZl#hlh[jZ`Z_l#khh[s_gb_=
>_ckl\1#iZmaZ#\^hoZ
51 J_kibjZlhjguc#fZg_\j#I:MA:#<>HO:#aZdZgqb\Z_lky/#dh]^Z=#
• ZiiZjZl#h[gZjm`b\Z_l#klZ[bevgh_#^Z\e_gb_#ieZlh#beb#ijhreh#
5 k_d#+^ey#djZldh\j_f_gghc#iZmau,/#beb
• \u#hlimklbeb#deZ\brm#beb#ijhreh#43#k_d#+^ey#jZkrbj_gghc#
iZmau,1#
........

5-12
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 13 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ihke_#aZimkdZ#\_glbeypbb 5
..............................................................................
61 Dh]^Z#j_kibjZlhjguc#fZg_\j#aZ\_jr_g/#\#hdg_#khh[s_gbc#\#l_q_gb_#
63#k_dmg^#hlh[jZ`Zxlky#jZkkqblZggu_#dhfieZcgk#b#khijhlb\e_gb_#
^uoZl_evguo#iml_c#iZpb_glZ=
D# +[[[,"#K# +[[[,"
]^_=#
• [[[#0#jZkkqblZggu_#agZq_gby#dhfieZcgkZ#b#khijhlb\e_gb1
• AgZq_gby#\#^bZiZahg_#313#0#<1<#hlh[jZ`Zxlky#dZd#[1[/#agZq_gby#\#
^bZiZahg_#43#0#<<#hlh[jZ`Zxlky#dZd#B[[#b#\#^bZiZahg_#433#b#\ur_#
hlh[jZ`Zxlky#dZd#[[[1
• D#+dhfieZcgk,#baf_jy_lky#\#fe2kf+52/#K#+khijhlb\e_gb_,#
baf_jy_lky#\#kf+522e2k_d1
• Djm]eu_#kdh[db#+#,#mdZau\Zxl#ihl_gpbZevgh#g_lhqgu_#agZq_gby#b#
ihy\eyxlky#\hdjm]#h[hbo#agZq_gbc/#dh]^Z#\j_fy#\^hoZ#dhjhldh_#b#
dhfieZcgk#beb#khijhlb\e_gb_#[hevrh_1#+Ijh\_jvl_#^uoZl_evgu_#
imlb#iZpb_glZ#gZ#hddexabx#beb#mklZgh\bl_#gZkljhcdb#^ey#
m\_ebq_gby#\j_f_gb#\^hoZ1,
• AgZd#\hijhkZ#"#mdZau\Z_l#ihl_gpbZevgh#g_lhqgu_#agZq_gby#b#
ihy\ey_lky#ihke_#h[hbo#agZq_gbc/#_keb#^Z\e_gb_#[ueh#
g_mklhcqb\uf#\#dhgp_#ieZlh1#+<hafh`gufb#ijbqbgZfb#^ey#w lh]h#
fh]ml#[ulv#qj_af_jgZy#ml_qdZ/#qj_af_jgh_#i_j_f_s_gb_#ljm[db#
dhglmjZ#beb#[hjv[Z#iZpb_glZ#k#ZiiZjZlhf#B<E1,#AgZd#\hijhkZ#"#
ihy\ey_lky#ihke_#agZq_gby#khijhlb\e_gby/#_keb#ih\ur_gb_#
^Z\e_gby#\^hoZ#[ueh#kebrdhf#[ukljuf#beb#kebrdhf#f_^e_gguf1#
+<hafh`ghc#ijbqbghc#fh`_l#[ulv#ibdh\uc#ihlhd#beb#
^uoZl_evguc#h[t_fhf/#dhlhjuc#g_khhl\_lkl\mxl#^Zgghc#qZklhl_#
^uoZgby1,
• Ljb#ijhq_jdZ#+0#0#0,#ihy\eyxlky#ihke_#K/#dh]^Z#ZiiZjZl#ihklZ\ey_l#
^uoZgb_#3&9/#ihkdhevdm#khijhlb\e_gb_#g_#fh`_g#[ulv#baf_j_gh#\#
w lhf#j_`bf_1
........

5-13
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 14 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

5 Ihke_#aZimkdZ#\_glbeypbb
..........................................................................
........

5-14
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 1 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

=eZ\Z

DeZ\brZ#F?GX# 9 6
.............................................................................
<u#fh`_l_#bkihevah\Zlv#deZ\brm#F?GX#\#ex[h_#\j_fy#^ey#kh\_jr_gby#
ke_^mxsbo#^_ckl\bc=
• ijhkfhlj#\k_o#Zdlb\guo#lj_\h]#+ij_^mij_`^_gbc,>
• ijhkfhlj#\k_o#Z\lhk[jZku\Z_fuo#lj_\h]>
• aZimkd#D<L#B#I<L#+aZimkd#w lbo#l_klh\#hibkZg#\#]e1 7,>
• \u[hj#gZkljh_d#ihevah\Zl_ey/#\dexqZy#jZaf_j#w g^hljZo_Zevghc#ljm[db#
+WL,/#^Zlm#b#\j_fy#ZiiZjZlZ/#]jhfdhklv#lj_\h]b/#\j_f_ggu_#i_j_f_ggu_#
\_glbeypbb#3&9#+lhevdh#^ey#:93,#b#^hklmighklv#]jZnbq_kdh]h#
bg^bdZlhjZ#h[t_fZ#+lhevdh#^ey#:93,>
• bkihevah\Zgb_#nmgdpbc#^ZlqbdZ#dbkehjh^Z/#\dexqZy#dZeb[jh\dm/#
^hklmighklv#ij_^_eZ#lj_\h]b#25 (#b#^hklmighklv#w djZgZ#^ZlqbdZ#25>
• i_j_\h^#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#\#j_`bf#h`b^Zgby#+\\h^#b#\u\h^#ba#j_`bfZ#
h`b^Zgby#hibkZg#\#]e1 6,>
• ijhkfhlj#bgnhjfZpbb#h#[ZlZj_yo>
• ijhkfhlj#\_jkbb#ijh]jZffgh]h#h[_ki_q_gby>
• ijhkfhlj#k_j\bkghc#bgnhjfZpbb>
• bkihevah\Zgb_#nmgdpbc#jZkiuebl_ey#(DV\1HE/#\dexqZy#aZimkd#b#
hklZgh\dm#jZkiue_gby#b#ijhkfhlj#khklhygby#jZkiue_gby1
BgnhjfZpby#f_gx#hlh[jZ`Z_lky#\h#\lhjhc#kljhd_#hdgZ#khh[s_gbc1#
+I_j\Zy#kljhdZ#j_a_j\bjm_lky#^ey#hlh[jZ`_gby#kZfhc#\ukhdhijbhjbl_lghc#
Zdlb\ghc#beb#Z\lhk[jZku\Z_fhc#lj_\h]b/#_keb#hgZ#bf__lky/#b#ex[hc#
khhl\_lkl\mxs_c#bgnhjfZpbb#h#^uoZgbb#beb#^_ckl\byo1,
........

6-1
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 2 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

6 DeZ\brZ#F?GX
..........................................................................
>ey#^hklmiZ#d#nmgdpbyf#f_gx#ihfgbl_=#dhkgmlvky/#ih\_jgmlv/#gZ`Zlv#
<<H>1
41 Dhkgbl_kv#deZ\brb#F?GX1#Bg^bdZlhj#
deZ\brb#F?GX#aZk\_lblky/#b#\#hdg_# F?GX
khh[s_gby#ihy\blky#i_j\Zy#nmgdpby#
f_gx1

7-00086
51 Ih\_jgbl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev#^ey#\u[hjZ#
nmgdpbb#f_gx1

7-00068
61 GZ`fbl_#<<H>#^ey#\\h^Z#nmgdpbb#
<<H>
f_gx1#lZ[e1 9-4#kh^_j`bl#nmgdpbb#
f_gx1
• Ih\hjhl#i_j_dexqZl_ey/#
ijhdjmqb\Z_l#imgdlu#f_gx#beb#
baf_gy_l#gZkljhcdm#f_gx1
7-00067

• GZ`fbl_#<<H>#^ey#\u[hjZ#
nmgdpbb#beb#gZkljhcdb1
• GZ`fbl_#HQBKLD:#^ey#hldZaZ#hl#l_dms_c#nmgdpbb#beb#
hlh[jZ`Z_fhc#gZkljhcdb/#Z#lZd`_#^ey#\uoh^Z#ba#f_gx1
• <u#fh`_l_#ijhkfhlj_lv#ex[u_#^Zggu_#iZpb_glZ/#gZ`Z\#deZ\brm
K;J1#IJ?>MIJ1#eb[h#I:MA:#IJ?>MIJ1/#g_#\ebyy#gZ#nmgdpbx#
f_gx1
• GZ`Zlb_#ex[uo#deZ\br#gZkljh_d#ZiiZjZlZ#beb#deZ\br#gZkljh_d#
lj_\h]#\uau\Z_l#\uoh^#ba#nmgdpbb#f_gx#b#hlf_gy_l#ex[u_#
baf_g_gby1
........

6-2
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 3 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

DeZ\brZ#F?GX 6
..............................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#9-4=#Nmgdpbb#f_gx

Nmgdpby#F?GX HibkZgb_

41 #:dlb\gu_ <u^Z_l#kibkhd#ijhqbo#Zdlb\guo#lj_\h]#\#ihjy^d_#ijbhjbl_lZ1#
#ij_^mij1 +<ukhdhijbhjbl_lgu_#Zdlb\gu_#lj_\h]b#\k_]^Z#hlh[jZ`Zxlky#\#i_j\hc#
kljhd_#hdgZ#khh[s_gbc,1
Ih\hjhl#i_j_dexqZl_ey#hlh[jZabl#^jm]b_#Zdlb\gu_#lj_\h]b1
GZ`Zlb_#deZ\brb#K;J1#IJ?>MIJ1#hqbklbl#w lhl#kibkhd1
GZ`Zlb_#deZ\brb#HQBKLD:#\ha\jZsZ_l#mijZ\e_gb_#\#f_gx1

51 #:\lhk[jhk <u^Z_l#kibkhd#lj_\h]/#dhlhju_#[ueb#Z\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jhr_gu#k#
#ij_^mij1 fhf_glZ#ihke_^g_]h#gZ`Zlby#deZ\brb#K;J1#IJ?>MIJ1#
Ih\hjhl#i_j_dexqZl_ey#hlh[jZabl#^jm]b_#Zdlb\gu_#lj_\h]b#
GZ`Zlb_#deZ\brb#K;J1#IJ?>MIJ1#hqbklbl#w lhl#kibkhd1#
GZ`Zlb_#deZ\brb#HQBKLD:#\ha\jZsZ_l#mijZ\e_gb_#\#f_gx1

61 #KZfhl_klb0 AZimkdZ_l#dhjhldbc#\gmlj_ggbc#l_kl#+D<L,#beb#iheguc#\gmlj_ggbc#
#jh\Zgb_ l_kl#+I<L,1#;he__#ih^jh[gmx#bgnhjfZpbx#h#aZimkd_#D<L#b#I<L#kf1#
\#]e1 71

71 #GZkljhcdb <u[_jbl_#ke_^mxsb_#gZkljhcdb1
#iheva1 • Wg^hljZo_Ze1Ljm[dZ1#Iha\hey_l#\u[jZlv#jZaf_j#WL#ljm[db#^ey#
iZpb_glZ1#LZd`_#iha\hey_l#ZiiZjZlm#B<E#j_]mebjh\Zlv#ihklZ\dm#
^uoZgby#\#3&9#+lhevdh#:93,#b#369#khhl\_lkl\_ggh1
• >ZlZ#b#\j_fy1#MklZgZ\eb\Z_l#^Zlm#b#\j_fy#ZiiZjZlZ1#GZ`Zlb_#
deZ\brb#HQBKLD:#\ha\jZsZ_l#\#GZkljhcdb#ihevah\1
• =jhfdhklv#lj_\h]b1#<u#fh`_l_#hlj_]mebjh\Zlv#mjh\_gv#
]jhfdhklb#a\mdh\h]h#kb]gZeZ#lj_\h]b#hl#4#^h#8#+8#±#kZfuc#
]jhfdbc,/#aZl_f#\_jgmlvky#\#GZkljhcdb#ihevah\1#<u#fh`_l_#
hlj_]mebjh\Zlv#]jhfdhklv#kb]gZeZ/#^Z`_#dh]^Z#^_ckl\m_l#
I:MA:#IJ?>MIJ?@>?GBY1#GZ`Zlb_#deZ\brb#HQBKLD:#
\ha\jZsZ_l#\#GZkljhcdb#ihevah\1#[_a#khojZg_gby#baf_g_gbc1
• 3&9#0#gZklj1\j_f_g1#Lhevdh#^ey#:931#Fh`gh#\u[jZlv#gZkljhcdm#
khhlghr_gby#\^ho=\u^ho#beb#\j_f_gb#\^hoZ/#dhlhjZy#^he`gZ#
hklZ\Zlvky#ihklhygghc#ijb#baf_g_gbb#gZkljhcdb#qZklhlu#^uoZgby1
• Bg^bdZlhj#h[t_fZ1#Lhevdh#^ey#:931#Iha\hey_l#\dexqblv#beb#
\udexqblv#]jZnbq_kdbc#bg^bdZlhj#h[t_fZ1#GZ`Zlb_#deZ\brb#
HQBKLD:#\ha\jZsZ_l#\#gZkljhcdb#ihevah\Zl_ey#[_a#khojZg_gby#
baf_g_gbc1
........

6-3
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 4 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

6 DeZ\brZ#F?GX
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#9-4=#Nmgdpbb#f_gx#+ijh^1,

Nmgdpby#F?GX HibkZgb_

81 #>Zlqbd <u[_jbl_#ke_^mxsb_#nmgdpbb#^ZlqbdZ#dbkehjh^Z1
#dbkehjh^Z • DZeb[jh\dZ#^Zlq1#H51#Iha\hey_l#\uihegblv#^\molhq_qgmx#
dZeb[jh\dm#^ZlqbdZ#dbkehjh^Z1#>hklmigZ#lhevdh#i_j_^#gZqZehf#
ghjfZevghc#\_glbeypbb#+iZpb_gl#g_#^he`_g#[ulv#ih^kh_^bg_g,1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
NbjfZ#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#j_dhf_g^m_l#ijh\h^blv#
dZeb[jh\dm#^ZlqbdZ#dbkehjh^Z#jZa#\#g_^_ex#beb#^ey#dZ`^h]h#
gh\h]h#iZpb_glZ1

• Bgnh#h#lj_\h]_#H51#Iha\hey_l#\dexqblv#beb#hldexqblv#^Zlqbd#
dbkehjh^Z1#GZ`Zlb_#deZ\brb#HQBKLD:#\ha\jZsZ_l#\#GZkljhcdb#
ihevah\1#[_a#khojZg_gby#baf_g_gbc1
• IhdZaZgby#^Zlq1#H51#Iha\hey_l#jZaj_rblv#beb#aZij_lblv#
hlh[jZ`_gb_#\#hdg_#khh[s_gbc#ihdZaZgbc#^ZlqbdZ#dbkehjh^Z#
+djhf_#kemqZy/#dh]^Z#lj_\h]Z#Zdlb\gZ,/#dhlhju_#h[gh\eyxlky#
g_kdhevdh#jZa#\#k_dmg^m1#GZ`Zlb_#deZ\brb#HQBKLD:#\ha\jZsZ_l#\#
GZkljhcdb#ihevah\1

91 #J_`bf <\h^bl#ZiiZjZl#B<E#\#j_`bf#h`b^Zgby#[_a#\_glbebjh\Zgby1#
#h`b^Zgby Ih^jh[gu_#bgkljmdpb#ih#\oh^m#b#\uoh^m#ba#j_`bfZ#h`b^Zgby#kf1#
\ ]e1 61

:1 #H#[ZlZj_yo Hlh[jZ`Z_l#^ey#\gmlj_gg_c#b#\g_rg_c#[ZlZj_c#\j_fy/#hklZ\r__ky#^h#
g_h[oh^bfhc#i_j_aZjy^db1#+>hklmigZ#lhevdh#ijb#iblZgbb#ZiiZjZlZ#
B<E#hl#[ZlZj_c#ih#djZcg_#f_j_#\#l_q_gb_#5#fbgml1,#
DeZ\brZ#HQBKLD:#\ha\jZsZ_l#mijZ\e_gb_#\#f_gx1

;1 <_jkby#IH Hlh[jZ`Z_l#\_jkbx#ijh]jZffgh]h#h[_ki_q_gby/#mklZgh\e_ggh]h#\#
ZiiZjZl_#B<E1
DeZ\brZ#HQBKLD:#\ha\jZsZ_l#mijZ\e_gb_#\#f_gx1

<1 #K_j\bkgZy Iha\hey_l#ijhkfZljb\Zlv#hp_gdm#hklZ\r_]hky#kjhdZ#kem`[u#^ZlqbdZ#


#k\h^dZ dbkehjh^Z/#hklZ\r__ky#\j_fy#jZ[hlu#\gmlj_gg_c#[ZlZj_b#b#\j_fy#^h#
ke_^mxs_c#ijhnbeZdlbdb1

431 #JZkiuebl_ev Iha\hey_l#aZimklblv/#hklZgh\blv#b#ijhkfhlj_lv#l_dms__#khklhygb_#


jZkiuebl_ey#(DV\1HE/#ih^dexq_ggh]h#d#ZiiZjZlm#B<E1
........

6-4
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 5 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

DeZ\brZ#F?GX 6
..............................................................................
914##:dlb\gu_#lj_\h]b#+ij_^mij_`^_gby,
41 ?keb#\u#\u[jZeb#nmgdpbx#f_gx#:dlb\gu_#ij_^mij1/#gZ`fbl_#
deZ\brm#<<H>1
<#hdg_#khh[s_gbc#ihy\blky#kibkhd#l_dmsbo#Zdlb\guo#lj_\h]/#djhf_#
kZfhc#\ukhdhijbhjbl_lghc/#dhlhjZy#\k_]^Z#fb]Z_l#\#i_j\hc#kljhd_#
hdgZ#khh[s_gbc1
51 Ih\hjZqb\Zcl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev/#qlh[u#ijhebklZlv#kibkhd#Zdlb\guo#
lj_\h]/#dhlhju_#\u\h^ylky#\#ihjy^d_#ijbhjbl_lZ#+jbk1 9-4,1#DZ`^Zy#
lj_\h]Z#\#kibkd_#mdZau\Z_lky#lhevdh#h^bg#jZa/#^Z`_#_keb#hgZ#\hagbdZeZ#
g_kdhevdh#jZa1
61 GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#HQBKLD:#^ey#\ha\jZlZ#d#kibkdm#nmgdpbc#f_gx1
GZ`Zlb_#deZ\brb#K;J1IJ?>MIJ1#hqbklbl#kibkhd#:dlb\gu_#ij_^mij1
?keb#gh\Zy#lj_\h]Z#klZgh\blky#Zdlb\ghc#beb#l_dmsZy#Zdlb\gZy#
lj_\h]Z#Z\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jhr_gZ/#ZiiZjZl#\uoh^bl#ba#kibkdZ#
Zdlb\guo#lj_\h]#b#\ha\jZsZ_lky#\#kibkhd#nmgdpbc#f_gx1#

HLKH?>BG?GB?
1. <1Q:KLHL:#>UO:GBY

<#40hc#kljhd_#hdgZ#
Ih\_jgbl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev/#
khh[s_gbc#fb]Z_l#
qlh[u#ijhdjmlblv#kibkhd#\k_o#
\ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#
Zdlb\guo#lj_\h]/#dhlhju_#
Zdlb\gZy#lj_\h]Z.
gmf_jmxlky#\#ihjy^d_#
ijbhjbl_lZ.

Jbk1#9-41##Bkihevah\Zgb_#nmgdpbb#f_gx#:dlb\gu_#ij_^mij1#
^ey#ijhkfhljZ#Zdlb\guo#lj_\h]
........

6-5
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 6 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

6 DeZ\brZ#F?GX
..........................................................................
915##:\lhk[jZku\Z_fu_#lj_\h]b
41 ?keb#\u#\u[jZeb#nmgdpbx#:\lhk[jhk#ij_^mij1/#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#
<<H>1
<#hdg_#khh[s_gbc#ihy\blky#kibkhd#lj_\h]/#dhlhju_#[ueb#
Z\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jhr_gu#aZ#i_jbh^#k#fhf_glZ#ihke_^g_]h#gZ`Zlby#
deZ\brb#K;J1IJ?>MIJ1#KZfZy#\ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#Zdlb\gZy#
lj_\h]Z#\k_]^Z#hlh[jZ`Z_lky#\#i_j\hc#kljhd_#hdgZ#khh[s_gby1#?keb#
g_l#Zdlb\guo#lj_\h]/#\#i_j\hc#kljhd_#hlh[jZ`Z_lky#kZfZy#
\ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#Z\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_fZy#lj_\h]Z1
51 Ih\_jgbl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev/#qlh[u#ijhdjmlblv#kibkhd#Zdlb\guo#lj_\h]/#
dhlhjuc#\u\h^blky#\#ihjy^d_#ijbhjbl_lZ#+jbk1 9-5,1#DZ`^Zy#
Z\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_fZy#lj_\h]Z#mdZau\Z_lky#lhevdh#h^bg#jZa/#
^Z`_#_keb#hgZ#\hagbdZeZ#g_kdhevdh#jZa1
61 GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#HQBKLD:#^ey#\ha\jZlZ#d#kibkdm#nmgdpbc#f_gx1
GZ`Zlb_#deZ\brb#K;J1IJ?>MIJ1#hqbklbl#kibkhd#:\lhk[jhk#
ij_^mij1
?keb#gh\Zy#lj_\h]Z#klZgh\blky#Zdlb\ghc#beb#l_dmsZy#Zdlb\gZy#lj_\h]Z#
Z\lhfZlbq_kdb#kvjZku\Z_lky/#ZiiZjZl#B<E#\uoh^bl#ba#kibkdZ#Zdlb\guo#
lj_\h]#b#\ha\jZsZ_lky#\#kibkhd#nmgdpbc#f_gx1#

G1>:<E?GB?#<>HO:
41#G1#>UO1#H;T?F#<U>HO:

<#40hc#kljhd_#hdgZ#khh[s_gbc#
Ih\_jgbl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev/#
fb]Z_l#\ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#
qlh[u#ijhdjmlblv#kibkhd#\k_o#
Zdlb\gZy#lj_\h]Z1#(keb#g_l#Zdlb\guo#
Zdlb\guo#lj_\h]/#dhlhju_#
lj_\h]/#40Zy#kljhdZ#ihdZau\Z_l#
gmf_jmxlky#\#ihjy^d_#
\ukhdhijbhjbl_lgmx#
ijbhjbl_lZ.
Z\lhk[jZku\Z_fmx#lj_\h]m1

Jbk1#9-51##Bkihevah\Zgb_#nmgdpbb#f_gx#:\lhk[jhk#ij_^mij1#
^ey#ijhkfhljZ#Z\lhk[jZku\Z_fuo#lj_\h]
........

6-6
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 7 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

DeZ\brZ#F?GX 6
..............................................................................
916##L_klu#kZfh^bZ]ghklbdb
Hipby#f_gx#KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#iha\hey_l#aZimklblv#dhjhldbc#\gmlj_ggbc#
l_kl#+D<L,#b#iheguc#\gmlj_ggbc#l_kl#+I<L,1#D<L#ijh\_jy_l#ml_qdb/#
hij_^_ey_l#dhfieZcgk#^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ#b#ijh\_jy_l#ijZ\bevghklv#
nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgby#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E1#I<L#0#w lh#iheguc#l_kl#jZ[hlhkihkh[ghklb#
w e_dljbq_kdhc#b#ig_\fZlbq_kdhc#qZkl_c#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E>#hg#^he`_g#
\uihegylvky#d\Zebnbpbjh\Zgguf#k_j\bkguf#ki_pbZebklhf1#H#jZ[hl_#D<L#
b#I<L#kf1#]e1 71

917##GZkljhcdb#ihevah\Zl_ey#
41 ?keb#\u#\u[jZeb#nmgdpbx#f_gx#GZkljhcdb#ihevah\1/#gZ`fbl_#<<H>1#
Ih\_jgbl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev/#qlh[u#hlh[jZablv#h^gh#ba#ke_^mxsbo#
khh[s_gbc=
Wg^hljZo_Ze1Ljm[dZ#
>ZlZ#b#\j_fy
=jhfdhklv#lj_\h]b
3&9#0#gZklj1#\j_f_g
Bg^bdZlhj#h[t_fZ
GZ`fbl_#<<H>1
51 ?keb#\u#\u[jZeb#nmgdpbx#=jhfdhklv#kb]gZeZ/#\#hdg_#khh[s_gbc#
ihy\blky#khh[s_gb_=
=jhfdhklv#lj_\h]b=#o
Ijha\mqbl#a\mdh\hc#kb]gZe/#khhl\_lkl\mxsbc#o/#mjh\gx#]jhfdhklb#
kb]gZeZ#lj_\h]b#^ey#\ukhdhijbhjbl_lghc#lj_\h]b1#Ih\_jgbl_#
i_j_dexqZl_ev/#qlh[u#hlj_]mebjh\Zlv#]jhfdhklv#kb]gZeZ#hl#4#^h#8#
+8#±#kZfuc#]jhfdbc,1#GZ`Zlb_#deZ\brb#HQBKLD:#hlf_gy_l#ex[u_#
baf_g_gby1#GZ`Zlb_#deZ\brb#<<H>#mklZgZ\eb\Z_l#gh\mx#]jhfdhklv#
kb]gZeZ#lj_\h]b#b#\ha\jZsZ_l#mijZ\e_gb_#\#kibkhd#GZkljhcdb#
ihevah\1
61 ?keb#\u#\u[jZeb#gZkljhcdm#3&9#0#gZkljhcdZ#\j_f_gb#+lhevdh#:93,/#\#
hdg_#khh[s_gbc#[m^_l#ihdZaZgh#h^gh#ba#ke_^mxsbo#khh[s_gbc#
+hlh[jZ`Z_fh_#agZq_gb_#khhl\_lkl\m_l#l_dms_fm#\u[jZgghfm,=
<j_f1#i_j_f1 #LL
<j_f1#i_j_f1 #<^=<u^
........

6-7
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 8 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

6 DeZ\brZ#F?GX
..........................................................................
WlZ#hipby#iha\hey_l#baf_gylv#\j_f_ggmx#i_j_f_ggmx/#dhlhjZy#
hklZ_lky#ihklhygghc#ijb#baf_g_gbb#gZkljhcdb#qZklhlu#^uoZgby#\#
3&9#+l_dmsZy#\u[jZggZy#i_j_f_ggZy#k\_lblky#gZ#deZ\bZlmj_,1#
GZ`Zlb_#deZ\brb#HQBKLD:#hlf_gy_l#ex[u_#baf_g_gby1#GZ`Zlb_#
deZ\brb#<<H>#mklZgZ\eb\Z_l#\u[jZggmx#\j_f_ggmx#i_j_f_ggmx#b#
\ha\jZsZ_l#mijZ\e_gb_#\#kibkhd#GZkljhcdb#ihevah\1
71 ?keb#\u#\u[jZeb#nmgdpbx#Bg^bdZlhj#h[t_fZ/#ih\_jgbl_#
i_j_dexqZl_ev/#qlh[u#hlh[jZablv#h^gh#ba#ke_^mxsbo#khh[s_gbc=
<de1#bg^bdZl1#h[t_fZ#
<ude1#bg^bdZl1h[t_fZ
GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>/#qlh[u#\u[jZlv#\dexq_gb_#beb#\udexq_gb_#b#
\_jgmlvky#kibkhd#gZkljh_d#ihevah\Zl_ey1#GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#HQBK
LD:/#qlh[u#\uclb#[_a#khojZg_gby#baf_g_gbc1
81 ?keb#\u#\u[jZeb#nmgdpbx#JZaf_j#WL#ljm[db/#\#hdg_#khh[s_gbc#
[m^_l#ihdZaZg#l_dmsbc#jZaf_j#WL#ljm[db1#Ih\_jgbl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev/#
qlh[u#hlh[jZablv#ih^oh^ysbc#^ey#iZpb_glZ#jZaf_j1#GZ`fbl_#
deZ\brm#<<H>/#qlh[u#ijbf_gblv#gZkljhcdm#b#\_jgmlvky#\#kibkhd#
GZkljhcdb#ihevah\1#GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#HQBKLD:/#qlh[u#\uclb#[_a#
khojZg_gby#baf_g_gbc1
91 ?keb#\u#\u[jZeb#nmgdpbx#>ZlZ#b#\j_fy/#ih\_jgbl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev/#
qlh[u#hlh[jZablv#h^gh#ba#ke_^mxsbo#khh[s_gbc/#aZl_f#gZ`fbl_#
deZ\brm#<<H>=
MklZg1\j_fy
Mkl1^ZlZ
?keb#\u#mklZgZ\eb\Z_l_#\j_fy/#\#hdg_#khh[s_gbc#ihy\blky#h^gh#ba#
ke_^mxsbo#khh[s_gbc=
45q1=#qq=ff#DP
45q1=#qq=ff#SP
57q1=#qq=ff
<j_fy#+qq# #qZku>#ff# #fbgmlu,#hlh[jZ`Z_lky#\#450#beb#570qZkh\hf#
nhjfZl_1#Wlhl#nhjfZl#fh`_l#[ulv#baf_g_g#d\Zebnbpbjh\Zgguf#
k_j\bkguf#ki_pbZebklhf1
?keb#\u#mklZgZ\eb\Z_l_#^Zlm/#\#hdg_#khh[s_gbc#ihy\blky#h^gh#ba#
ke_^mxsbo#khh[s_gbc=
?<J1=#^^2ff2]]
KR:=#ff2^^2]]#
........

6-8
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 9 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

DeZ\brZ#F?GX 6
..............................................................................
>ZlZ#mdZau\Z_lky#\#_\jhi_ckdhf#+^_gv2f_kyp2]h^,#beb#Zf_jbdZgkdhf#
nhjfZl_#+f_kyp2^_gv2]h^,#b#fh`_l#[ulv#baf_g_gZ#
d\Zebnbpbjh\Zgguf#k_j\bkguf#ki_pbZebklhf1
Ih\hjhlhf#i_j_dexqZl_ey#fh`gh#hlj_]mebjh\Zlv#\_ebqbgu#dZ`^h]h#
\j_f_ggh]h#ihey/#ihke_#q_]h#gZ`fbl_#<<H>1#<u^_eblvky#ke_^mxs__#
ihe_1#>Z`_#_keb#\u#g_#^_eZ_l_#gbdZdbo#baf_g_gbc/#g_h[oh^bfh#gZ`Zlv#
<<H>#^ey#dZ`^h]h#ihey1#<u#^he`gu#ih^l\_j^blv#beb#baf_gblv#\k_#
\j_f_ggu_#ihey#ij_`^_/#q_f#gh\h_#\j_fy#[m^_l#mklZgh\e_gh1
Ihke_#lh]h/#dZd#\u#mklZgh\beb#gh\h_#\j_fy#beb#^Zlm/#hdgh#khh[s_gby#
\ha\jZsZ_lky#\#khklhygb_#Mkl1#\j_f_gb#b#Mkl1#^Zlu1#<u#fh`_l_#
ih\_jgmlv#i_j_dexqZl_ev#^ey#\u[hjZ#\j_f_gb#b#^Zlu#beb#gZ`Zlv#
deZ\brm#HQBKLD:#^ey#\ha\jZlZ#\#kibkhd#GZkljhcdb#ihevah\1

918##>Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z
41 ?keb#\u#\u[jZeb#nmgdpbx#f_gx#>Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z/#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#
<<H>1#Ih\_jgbl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev/#qlh[u#hlh[jZablv#h^gh#ba#
ke_^mxsbo#khh[s_gbc=
DZeb[jh\dZ#^Zlq1#25
Bgnh#h#lj_\h]_#25
IhdZaZgby#^Zlq1#25
51 GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>1
61 ?keb#\u#\u[jZeb#hipbx#DZeb[jh\dZ#^ZlqbdZ#H5/#ih\_jgbl_#
i_j_dexqZl_ev/#qlh[u#hlh[jZablv#h^gh#ba#ke_^mxsbo#khh[s_gbc=
GZqZlv#dZeb[j1#H5
<uoh^#ba#dZeb[j1#H5
?keb#gZqZlZ#ghjfZevgZy#\_glbeypby/#g_evay#\uihegblv#dZeb[jh\dm#
^ZlqbdZ#dbkehjh^Z#^h#l_o#ihj/#ihdZ#\u#g_#\udexqbl_#ZiiZjZl#B<E#b#
g_#\dexqbl_#_]h#kgh\Z#[_a#\oh^Z#\#j_`bf#\_glbeypbb1#+Qlh[u#
\uihegblv#dZeb[jh\dm/#ZiiZjZl#B<E#g_h[oh^bfh#ih^kh_^bgblv#
d#830SVL#bklhqgbdm#dbkehjh^Z1,#
71 Ih\_jgbl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev/#qlh[u#hlh[jZablv#GZqZlv#dZeb[j1#H5/#
aZl_f#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>1#IhdZ#\uihegy_lky#dZeb[jh\dZ#\#hdg_#
khh[s_gbc#hlh[jZ`Z_lky#ke_^mxs__#khh[s_gb_=
GZqZlv#dZeb[j1#H5
@^bl_#111
........

6-9
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 10 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

6 DeZ\brZ#F?GX
..........................................................................
?keb#gZqZlZ#dZeb[jh\dZ/#\u#fh`_l_#lhevdh#i_j_aZimklblv#dZeb[jh\dm#
beb#\uclb#ba#g__1#DZeb[jh\dZ#^ZlqbdZ#dbkehjh^Z#ijh^he`Z_lky#
ijbf_jgh#8#fbgml1
81 Dh]^Z#dZeb[jh\dZ#aZ\_jrblky/#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>/#ih\_jgbl_#
i_j_dexqZl_ev/#qlh[u#hlh[jZablv#hipbx#<uoh^#ba#dZeb[j1#H5/#aZl_f#
gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>1#:iiZjZl#B<E#i_j_aZimklblvky1#

IJBF?Q:GB?=
?keb#dZeb[jh\dZ#hdhgq_gZ#g_m^Zqgh/#h[jZlbl_kv#\#k_j\bkgmx#kem`[m1#
>ey#ijh^he`_gby#\_glbeypbb#+_keb#w lh#khhl\_lkl\m_l#ijhlhdhem#\Zr_]h#
mqj_`^_gby,#hldexqbl_#^Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z#+\u[_jbl_#\#nmgdpbyo#f_gx#
>Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z#hipbx#Bgnh#h#lj_\h]_#H5,1#NbjfZ#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#
%HQQHWW#j_dhf_g^m_l#ijb#hldexq_gbb#^ZlqbdZ#dbkehjh^Z#bkihevah\Zlv#
\g_rgbc#dhgljhev#dbkehjh^Z1

91 ?keb#\u#\u[jZeb#hipbx#Bgnh#h#lj_\h]_#H5/#ih\_jgbl_#
i_j_dexqZl_ev/#qlh[u#hlh[jZablv#h^gh#ba#ke_^mxsbo#khh[s_gbc=
K#ij_^mij1#H5.2043(
;_a#ij_^mij1#h[#H5
GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>/#qlh[u#\u[jZlv#\dexq_gb_#beb#\udexq_gb_#
lj_\h]b#H5#b#\_jgmlvky#\#nmgdpbx#>Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z1#GZ`fbl_#
deZ\brm#HQBKLD:/#qlh[u#\uclb#[_a#khojZg_gby#baf_g_gbc1
Nmgdpby#Bgnh#h#lj_\h]_#H5#iha\hey_l#\dexqZlv#b#\udexqZlv#
ij_^_eu#lj_\h]b#H5 (#k#ihfhsvx#ijbhklZgh\db#\k_o#k\hckl\#^ZlqbdZ#
dbkehjh^Z#hl#ebgbb#\^hoZ#ZiiZjZlZ1#Hldexq_gb_#lj_\h]b#H5 (#g_#
hldexqZ_l#lj_\h]m#GBAD:Y#IH>:Q:#H51

IJBF?Q:GB?=
Ij_^_eu#lj_\h]b#25 (#[Zabjmxlky#gZ#aZ^Zgghc#gZkljhcd_#( 25#b#g_#
j_]mebjmxlky#hi_jZlhjhf1#<_jogbc#ij_^_e#lj_\h]b#25 (#±#gZ#43#(#
\ur_#gZkljhcdb#( 25/#b#gb`gbc#±#gZ#43#(#gb`_#gZkljhcdb#( 251

Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
NbjfZ#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#j_dhf_g^m_l/#qlh[u#ij_^_eu#lj_\h]b#25 (#
[ueb#^hklmigu#\k_#\j_fy/#ihdZ#^Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z#g_#bklhs_g1#
G_jZ[hlhkihkh[guc#^Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z#aZf_gycl_#g_f_^e_ggh1
........

6-10
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 11 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

DeZ\brZ#F?GX 6
..............................................................................
IJBF?Q:GB?=
Dh]^Z#lj_\h]Z#25 (#g_^hklmigZ/#lh#\#ijhp_kk_#ghjfZevghc#\_glbeypbb#\#
hdg_#khh[s_gbc#ihy\blky#khh[s_gb_=
IJ?>MIJ1#(#H5#<UDE1
Dh]^Z#\dexqZ_lky#iblZgb_#beb#ZiiZjZl#B<E#\uoh^bl#ba#j_`bfZ#
h`b^Zgby/#^Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z#gZqbgZ_l#jZ[hlZlv#b#g_ij_ju\gh#baf_jy_l#
h[_ki_qb\Z_fmx#dhgp_gljZpbx#dbkehjh^Z1#Baf_j_ggZy#\_ebqbgZ#( 25#
hlh[jZ`Z_lky#b#Zdlb\babjm_l#lj_\h]m#ijb#hldehg_gbb#gZ#43#(#\ur_#beb#
gb`_#hl#mklZgh\e_ggh]h#( 251

:1 ?keb#\u#\u[jZeb#hipbx#IhdZaZgby#^Zlq1#H5/#\#hdg_#[m^_l#hlh[jZ`_gh#
h^gh#ba#ke_^mxsbo#khh[s_gbc#+hlh[jZ`Z_lky#l_dmsZy#\u[jZggZy#
hipby,=
JZaj_rblv#hlh[j1#H5
AZij_lblv#hlh[j1#H5
GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>#^ey#\u[hjZ#gm`gh]h#\ZjbZglZ#b#\ha\jZlZ#\#
nmgdpbx#>Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z1#GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#HQBKLD:#^ey#
\uoh^Z#[_a#\g_k_gby#baf_g_gbc1#?keb#hlh[jZ`_g#\ZjbZgl#jZaj_r_gby/#
\#i_j\hc#kljhd_#hdgZ#khh[s_gbc#hlh[jZ`Z_lky#ihdZaZgb_#( 25/#_keb#
lj_\h]Z#g_Zdlb\gZ1

919##J_`bf#h`b^Zgby#
J_`bf#h`b^Zgby#±#w lh#khklhygb_/#bkihevam_fh_#^ey#ih^^_j`db#gZkljh_d#
ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#b#aZjy^Z#[ZlZj_b#b#ijb#dhlhjhf#g_l#\_glbeypbb1#<\h^#b#
\u\h^#ZiiZjZlZ#ba#j_`bfZ#h`b^Zgby#hibkZgu#\#]e1 61

Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
Qlh[u#g_#ijbqbgblv#\j_^Z#iZpb_glm#ba0aZ#g_^hklZlhqghc#
\_glbeypbhgghc#ih^^_j`db/#g_#\oh^bl_#\#j_`bf#h`b^Zgby/#dh]^Z#
iZpb_gl#ih^dexq_g#d#ZiiZjZlm#B<E1#I_j_^#l_f/#dZd#i_j_\_klb#ZiiZjZl#\#
j_`bf#h`b^Zgby/#g_h[oh^bfh#m[_^blvky/#qlh#iZpb_gl#g_#ih^dexq_g1
........

6-11
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 12 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

6 DeZ\brZ#F?GX
..........................................................................
91:##H#[ZlZj_yo#
41 ?keb#\u#\u[jZeb#nmgdpbx#H#[ZlZj_yo/#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>1#
?keb#ZiiZjZl#B<E#iblZ_lky#hl#[ZlZj_b/#ih\hjhl#i_j_dexqZl_ey#
hlh[jZ`Z_l#h^gh#ba#ke_^mxsbo#khh[s_gbc=
<gml1[ZlZj_y#qq=ff
<g_r1#[ZlZj_y#qq=ff
Wlb#khh[s_gby#\u^Zxl#hp_gdm#\#qZkZo#+qq,#b#fbgmlZo#+ff,#\j_f_gb#
nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgby#+jZkkqblZggmx#ih#\_ebqbg_#aZjy^Z#b#lhdm#
[ZlZj_b,/#hklZ\r_]hky#^h#g_h[oh^bfhc#i_j_aZjy^db#[ZlZj_b1
?keb#ZiiZjZl#B<E#iblZ_lky#hl#k_lb#i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ#beb#jZ[hlZ_l#hl#
[ZlZj_b#ih#djZcg_c#f_j_#\#l_q_gb_#5#fbgml/#nmgdpby#H#[ZlZj_yo#
hlh[jZ`Z_l#h^gh#ba#ke_^mxsbo#khh[s_gbc=
<gml1[Zl1#g_^hklmigZ
<g_r1[Zl1#g_^hklmigZ
]^_#Äg_^hklmigZ³#ihdZau\Z_l/#qlh#bgnhjfZpby#g_^hklmigZ1
51 GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#HQBKLD:#^ey#\ha\jZlZ#\#kibkhd#nmgdpbc#f_gx1

91;##<_jkby#IH
<u[hj#nmgdpbb#<_jkby#IH#\u\h^bl#bgnhjfZpbx#h#\_jkbb#ijh]jZffgh]h#
h[_ki_q_gby/#mklZgh\e_ggh]h#\#ZiiZjZl_#B<E1#GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#HQBK
LD:#^ey#\ha\jZlZ#\#f_gx#<_jkby#IH1

91<##K_j\bkgZy#k\h^dZ#
Nmgdpby#K_j\bkgZy#k\h^dZ#^Z_l#\hafh`ghklv#ijhkfhlj_lv#ke_^mxsmx#
bgnhjfZpbx=
• Hp_gdZ#\#qZkZo#\j_f_gb/#hklZ\r_]hky#^h#aZf_gu#^ZlqbdZ#dbkehjh^Z#^ey#
l_dms_c#gZkljhcdb#( 25/#jZkkqblZggZy#ih#^ebl_evghklb#bkihevah\Zgby#
ZiiZjZlZ#B<E1
• Hp_gdZ#\#qZkZo#\j_f_gb/#hklZ\r_]hky#^h#g_h[oh^bfhklb#i_j_aZjy^db#
\gmlj_gg_c#[ZlZj_b/#jZkkqblZggZy#ih#mjh\gx#aZjy^Z#b#lhdm#[ZlZj_b#
+^hklmigh#lhevdh#ijb#jZ[hl_#hl#[ZlZj_b,1
• <j_fy#^h#g_h[oh^bfhc#ijhnbeZdlbdb#+\ujZ`_ggh_#\#hklZ\rboky#
qZkZo,/#jZkkqblZggh_#ih#^ebl_evghklb#bkihevah\Zgby#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E1
........

6-12
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 13 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

DeZ\brZ#F?GX 6
..............................................................................
41 Ihke_#lh]h/#dZd#\u#\u[jZeb#nmgdpbx#H#k_j\bk_/#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#
<<H>1
51 Ih\_jgbl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev/#qlh[u#ijhdjmlblv#kibkhd#k_j\bkguo#
khh[s_gbc1
61 GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#HQBKLD:#^ey#\ha\jZlZ#\#kibkhd#nmgdpbc#f_gx1

9143##JZkiuebl_ev
Nmgdpby#JZkiuebl_ev#iha\hey_l#aZimklblv/#hklZgh\blv#beb#ijhkfhlj_lv#
khklhygb_#jZkiuebl_ey#(DV\1HE/#ih^dexq_ggh]h#d#ZiiZjZlm#B<E1
41 <u[_jbl_#nmgdpbx#JZkiuebl_ev#b#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>1
?keb#\u#iulZ_l_kv#\u[jZlv#nmgdpbx#JZkiuebl_ev#i_j_^#gZqZehf#
\_glbeypbb/#beb#ZiiZjZl#B<E#g_#bf__l#mklZgh\e_gghc#hipbb#K\yav/#\#
hdg_#khh[s_gbc#[m^_l#hlh[jZ`_gh#ke_^mxs__#khh[s_gb_=
JZkiuebl_ev#g_#^hkl1
51 ?keb#\u#\u[jZeb#gZkljhcdb#ZiiZjZlZ#b#nmgdpbx#JZkiuebl_ev/#
ih\_jgbl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev/#qlh[u#hlh[jZablv#h^ghf#ba#ke_^mxsbo#
khh[s_gbc=
AZimkd#jZkiuebl_ey
HklZgh\1jZkiuebl_ey
Khklhyg1jZkiuebl_ey
61 ?keb#\u#\u[jZeb#AZimkd#jZkiuebl_ey/#b#jZkiuebl_ev#\dexq_g/#\#hdg_#
khh[s_gbc#[m^_l#hlh[jZ`_gh#ke_^mxs__#khh[s_gb_=
JZkiuebl_ev#m`_#\de1
?keb#jZkiuebl_ev#\udexq_g/#\#hdg_#khh[s_gbc#[m^_l#hlh[jZ`_gh#
ke_^mxs__#khh[s_gb_=
<j_fy#jZki1# #oo#fbg
MklZgh\10<j1i_j_de1
]^_#oo#0#jZg__#\u[jZggh_#\j_fy#jZkiue_gby1#Ih\_jgbl_#
i_j_dexqZl_ev/#_keb#ohlbl_#baf_gblv#\j_fy#+fh`gh#\u[jZlv#
4#0#93#fbg,/#aZl_f#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>#^ey#\uiheg_gby1#
........

6-13
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 14 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

6 DeZ\brZ#F?GX
..........................................................................
71 <#hdg_#khh[s_gbc#[m^_l#hlh[jZ`_gh#ke_^mxs__#khh[s_gb_=
NZaZ#jZki1 <>HO
MklZgh\10<j1i_j_de1
]^_#<>HO#0#jZg__#mklZgh\e_ggZy#nZaZ#^uoZl_evgh]h#pbdeZ#^ey#
jZkiue_gby1#Ih\_jgbl_#i_j_dexqZl_ev/#qlh[u#\u[jZlv#<>HO#
+jZkiue_gb_#kbgojhgbam_lky#k#nZahc#\^hoZ,/#<U>HO#+jZkiue_gb_#
kbgojhgbam_lky#k#nZahc#\u^hoZ,#beb#<?KV#PBDE#+ihklhyggh_#
jZkiue_gb_,1#GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#<<H>#^ey#gZqZeZ#jZkiue_gby#beb#
HQBKLD:#^ey#hlf_gu1#Dh]^Z#gZqbgZ_lky#jZkiue_gb_/#w djZg#
\ha\jZsZ_lky#\#nmgdpbx#Khklhyg1#jZkiuebl_ey1
81 ?keb#\u#\u[jZeb#HklZgh\1#jZkiuebl_ey/#b#jZkiuebl_ev#\udexq_g/#\#
hdg_#khh[s_gbc#[m^_l#hlh[jZ`_gh#ke_^mxs__#khh[s_gb_=
JZkiuebl_ev#m`_#\ude
?keb#jZkiuebl_ev#\dexq_g/#\#hdg_#khh[s_gbc#[m^_l#hlh[jZ`_gh#
ke_^mxs__#khh[s_gb_=
HklZehkv# #oo#fbg
HklZgh\blv#jZkiue1"
HqbkldZ+G,#<\h^+>,
GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#HQBKLD:/#qlh[u#hklZ\blv#jZkiue_gb_#[_a#
baf_g_gbc#b#hlh[jZablv#Khklhyg1#jZkiuebl_ey1#GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#
<<H>/#qlh[u#hlh[jZablv#HklZgh\1#jZkiuebl_ey1
91 ?keb#\u#\u[jZeb#Khklhyg1#jZkiuebl_ey/#b#jZkiuebl_ev#\dexq_g/#\#
hdg_#khh[s_gbc#[m^_l#hlh[jZ`_gh#ke_^mxs__#khh[s_gb_=
HklZehkv# #oo#fbg
NZaZ#jZki1 <>HO
de\1HqbkldZ#0#<uoh^
GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#HQBKLD:/#qlh[u#\_jgmlvky#\#nmgdpbx#f_gx
JZkiuebl_ev1
........

6-14
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 1 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

7j_\h]b#
=eZ\Z
+Z\Zjbcgu_#ij_^mij_`^_gby, :
7
.............................................................................
WlZ#]eZ\Z#hibku\Z_l#\hafh`gu_#lj_\h]b#+Z\Zjbcgu_#ij_^mij_`^_gby,#
ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#b#khhl\_lkl\mxsb_#bf#g_h[oh^bfu_#^_ckl\by1#Lj_\h]b#\#
ZiiZjZl_#B<E#k_jbb#:33#deZkkbnbpbjmxlky#dZd#\ukhdh0#beb#
kj_^g_ijbhjbl_lgu_1
• <ukhdhijbhjbl_lgu_#lj_\h]b#lj_[mxl#g_aZf_^ebl_evgh]h#
j_Z]bjh\Zgby#^ey#h[_ki_q_gby#[_ahiZkghklb#iZpb_glZ1#<h#\j_fy#
\ukhdhijbhjbl_lghc#lj_\h]b#fb]Z_l#djZkguc#bg^bdZlhj#LJ?<H=:/#
a\mqbl#kb]gZe#\ukhdhijbhjbl_lghc#lj_\h]b#+ih\lhjyxsZyky#
ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv#ba#60o/#aZl_f#50o#]m^dh\,/#\ hdg_#khh[s_gbc#
ihy\ey_lky#Z\Zjbcgh_#khh[s_gb_1
• Kj_^g_ijbhjbl_lgu_#lj_\h]b#lj_[mxl#h[yaZl_evgh]h#ijb\e_q_gby#
\gbfZgby1#<h#\j_fy#kj_^g_ijbhjbl_lghc#lj_\h]b#fb]Z_l#`_eluc#
bg^bdZlhj#<GBF:GB?/#a\mqbl#kj_^g_ijbhjbl_lghc#kb]gZe#lj_\h]b#
+ih\lhjyxsZyky#ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv#ba#60o#]m^dh\,/#\#hdg_#khh[s_gbc#
ihy\ey_lky#Z\Zjbcgh_#khh[s_gb_1
?keb#Zdlb\gZy#lj_\h]Z#y\ey_lky#h^ghc#ba#j_]mebjm_fuo#hi_jZlhjhf#lj_\h]/#
lh#bg^bdZlhj#deZ\brb#fb]Z_l#b#hdgh#G:KLJHCDB#LJ?<H=#imklh1#
Bg^bdZlhj#Zdlb\ghc#lj_\h]b#ijh^he`Z_l#fb]Zlv#b#ihke_#gZ`Zlby#deZ\brb#
I:MA:#IJ?>MIJ1#+J_]mebjm_fu_#hi_jZlhjhf#lj_\h]b=#<UKHD:Y#Q:K
LHL:/#GBADH?#>:<E?GB?#G:#<>HO?/#<UKHDH?#>:<E?GB?/#
GBADBC#FBGMLGUC#H;T?F#<UKHDBC#>UO:L?EVGUC#H;T?F#b#
GBADBC#>UO:L?EVGUC#H;T?F1,

IJBF?Q:GB?=
<u#\k_]^Z#fh`_l_#baf_gblv#gZkljhcdm#lj_\h]b/#^Z`_#dh]^Z#lj_\h]Z#
Zdlb\gZ1#>ey#w lh]h#g_l#g_h[oh^bfhklb#gZ`bfZlv#K;J1IJ?>MIJ1#beb#
`^Zlv#Z\lhfZlbq_kdh]h#k[jhkZ#lj_\h]b1
........

7-1
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 2 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

7 7j_\h]b#+Z\Zjbcgu_#ij_^mij_`^_gby,
..........................................................................
GZb[he__#\ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#Zdlb\gZy#lj_\h]Z#\k_]^Z#ihdZau\Z_lky#\#
i_j\hc#kljhd_#hdgZ#khh[s_gby1#?keb#g_l#Zdlb\guo#lj_\h]/#\#i_j\hc#kljhd_#
ihdZaZgZ#kZfZy#\ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#Z\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_fZy#lj_\h]Z1#
<u#fh`_l_#bkihevah\Zlv#nmgdpbx#f_gx#^ey#ijhkfhljZ#hklZevguo#
Zdlb\guo#b#Z\lhk[jZku\Z_fuo#lj_\h]1#+Bkihevah\Zgb_#nmgdpbc#kf1#
]e1 9 ^Zggh]h#jmdh\h^kl\Z,1#GZ#jbk1 :-4#ihdZaZgh/#dZd#ijhkfhlj_lv#Zdlb\gu_#
lj_\h]b1

LJ?<H=:
DjZkguc#bg^bdZlhj#LJ?<H=:#
fb]Z_l/#dh]^Z#Zdlb\gZ#
\ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z.

<GBF:GB?
- + @_eluc#bg^bdZlhj#<GBF:GB?#
fb]Z_l/#dh]^Z#Zdlb\gZ#
kj_^g_ijbhjbl_lgZy lj_\h]Z1

HldexqZ_l#a\md#lj_\h]b/#
gh gH#baf_gy_l#\bamZevgmx#
7-00054 2 fbg bg^bdZpbx1

gZkljhcdb#lj_\h]
<#40hc#kljhd_#hdgZ#
khh[s_gbc#fb]Z_l#Zdlb\gZy#
\ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z.

?keb#Zdlb\gZy#lj_\h]Z#fh`_l#[ulv#
baf_g_gZ#hi_jZlhjhf/#__#deZ\brZ#fb]Z_l/#
Z#hdgh#G:KLJHCDB#LJ?<H=#imklh1
7-00075

Jbk1#:-41##Ijhkfhlj#Zdlb\guo#lj_\h]
........

7-2
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 3 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

7j_\h]b#+Z\Zjbcgu_#ij_^mij_`^_gby, 7
..............................................................................
:14##:\lhk[jhk#ij_^mij_`^_gby#
+Z\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_fu_#lj_\h]b,
Dh]^Z#lj_\h]Z#Z\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jhr_gZ#+l1#_1#mkeh\b_/#\ua\Z\r__#lj_\h]m/#
kZfhmkljZgbehkv,/#hgZ#^h[Z\ey_lky#d#kibkdm#Ä:\lhk[jhk1#ij_^mij³1#>ey#
ijhkfhljZ#kibkdZ#Z\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jhr_gguo#lj_\h]#fh`gh#bkihevah\Zlv#
deZ\brm#F?GX1#+H[#bkihevah\Zgbb#nmgdpbc#f_gx#kf1#]e1 91,
Dh]^Z#lj_\h]Z#Z\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jhr_gZ/#bg^bdZlhju#LJ?<H=:#beb#
<GBF:GB?#ihklhyggh#k\_lylky#+Z#g_#fb]Zxl,1#Ex[u_#bg^bdZlhju#
deZ\br#ij_^mij_`^_gbc/#dhlhju_#fb]Zeb#\h#\j_fy#Zdlb\baZpbb#lj_\h]b/#
\ha\jZsZxlky#\#ij_^u^ms__#khklhygb_#+\udexq_gu#beb#ihklhyggh#
k\_lylky,1
GZ`Zlb_#deZ\brb#k[jhkZ#lj_\h]#g_f_^e_ggh#m^Zey_l#\k_#Z\lhk[jZku\Z_fu_#
lj_\h]b1#>ey#lhqghc#hp_gdb#mkeh\bc#lj_\h]#gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#ijb]emr_gby#
lj_\h]b#b#ijhkfhljbl_#Z\lhk[jZku\Z_fu_#lj_\h]b#+k#ihfhsvx#nmgdpbb#
Z\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jhr_gguo#lj_\h]/#dZd#hibkZgh#\#]e1 9,1

:15##IZmaZ#ij_^mij_`^_gby#+lj_\h]b,
Hlf_gy_l#a\mdh\hc#kb]gZe#lj_\h]b#gZ#5#fbg1#k#
2 fbg fhf_glZ#gZ`Zlby#deZ\brb1#+<bamZevgu_#
bg^bdZlhju#lj_\h]#g_#baf_gyxlky,1#?keb#\h#
\j_fy#iZmau#Z\Zjbcgh]h#ij_^mij_`^_gby#
ijhbkoh^bl#gh\Zy#lj_\h]Z/#a\md#lj_\h]b#
7-00086 \hah[gh\ey_lky1#?keb#mkeh\b_/#dhlhjh_#\uau\Zeh#
i_j\mx#lj_\h]m/#kms_kl\m_l#ih#bkl_q_gbb#
50o#fbg/#a\md#lj_\h]b#\hah[gh\ey_lky1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
?keb#ijbqbgZ/#dhlhjZy#\uau\ZeZ#lj_\h]m#<UKHDH?#>:<E?GB?/#g_#
mkljZg_gZ/#a\md#g_#fh`_l#[ulv#hldexq_g1
........

7-3
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 4 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

7 7j_\h]b#+Z\Zjbcgu_#ij_^mij_`^_gby,
..........................................................................
<h#\j_fy#l_dmsbo#ijhp_^mj#iZpb_glZ#fh`_l#ihlj_[h\Zlvky#hldexqZlv#a\md#
\gh\v#\hagbdZxsbo#lj_\h]1#GZ`Zlb_#deZ\brb#I:MA:#IJ?>MIJ1#ijb#
ghjfZevghf#khklhygbb#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#hldexqZ_l#a\md#lj_\h]b#gZ#5#fbg1#
?keb#\hagbdZ_l#gh\Zy#lj_\h]Z/#bg^bdZlhj#LJ?<H=:#beb#<GBF:GB?#
gZqbgZ_l#fb]Zlv/#b#Z\Zjbcgh_#khh[s_gb_#hlh[jZ`Z_lky#\#hdg_#khh[s_gby1#
<#ke_^mxs_f#kibkd_#ihdZaZgu#Z\Zjbcgu_#ij_^mij_`^_gby/#\hagbdgh\_gb_#
dhlhjuo#g_#\uah\_l#a\mdh\h]h#kb]gZeZ/#_keb#[ueZ#mklZgh\e_gZ#iZmaZ#
ij_^mij_`^_gby=
• :IGHW
• HLKH?>BG?GB?
• <1>UO1H;T?F#<U>HO:
• <1Q:KLHL:#>UO:GBY
• <UKHDH?#>:<E?GB?#+_keb#^Z\e_gb_#\#dhglmj_#miZeh#gb`_#
<3#kf+52#+<3#]IZ,,
• G1>UO1H;T?F#<U>HO:
• G1FBG1H;T?F#<U>HO:
• GBADH?#>:<E?GB?#G:#<>HO?
• G1Q:KLHL:#>UO:GBY

Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
>ey#\k_o#ijhp_^mj/#dZd#gZijbf_j/#jZat_^bg_gb_#^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ/#
nbjfZ#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#j_dhf_g^m_l#bkihevah\Zlv#iZmam#
ij_^mij_`^_gby#lhevdh#lh]^Z/#dh]^Z#\u#ieZgbjm_l_#\uihegblv#
ijhp_^mjm#g_f_^e_ggh1

:16##K[jhk#ij_^mij_`^_gbc#+lj_\h],
K[jZku\Zxlky#\k_#bg^bdZlhju#lj_\h]#b#
K;JHK hlf_gy_lky#iZmaZ#ij_^mij_`^_gby1#?keb#
mkeh\b_/#dhlhjh_#\uau\Zeh#lj_\h]m/#\k_#_s_#
kms_kl\m_l/#lj_\h]Z#\gh\v#Zdlb\babjm_lky1

7-00086
........

7-4
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 5 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

7j_\h]b#+Z\Zjbcgu_#ij_^mij_`^_gby, 7
..............................................................................
:17##Debgbq_kdb_#b#l_ogbq_kdb_#lj_\h]b
Debgbq_kdb_#lj_\h]b#\dexqZxlky#\#khhl\_lkl\bb#k#gZkljhcdZfb#ZiiZjZlZ#
B<E#beb#khklhygb_f#iZpb_glZ#b#fh]ml#\hagbdZlv#ijb#h[uqghc#jZ[hl_#k#
iZpb_glhf1#L_ogbq_kdb_#lj_\h]b#\uau\Zxlky#ijb#l_klbjh\Zgbb#ZiiZjZlZ#
B<E#b#baj_^dZ#\#ijhp_kk_#h[uqghc#jZ[hlu#ijb[hjZ1#<#lZ[e1 :-4#kh^_j`blky#
kibkhd#debgbq_kdbo#lj_\h]/#lZ[e1 :-5#kh^_j`bl#kibkhd#l_ogbq_kdbo#lj_\h]1

LZ[ebpZ#:-4=#Debgbq_kdb_#lj_\h]b

Dh]^Z#\u#
\b^bl_# Wlh#hagZqZ_l111 G_h[oh^bfh#k^_eZlv111
khh[s_gb_111

:IGHW <ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 Ijh\_jvl_#iZpb_glZ1


IZpb_gl#g_#ij_^ijbgbfZ_l#^uoZl_evguo# JZkkfhljbl_#\hafh`ghklv#
mkbebc#\#l_q_gb_#53#k_dmg^#bgl_j\ZeZ# \uoh^Z#ba#j_`bfZ#
:IGHW#+fh`_l#\hagbdZlv#lhevdh#\# KIHGL1
j_`bf_#KIHGL,1
:\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_lky/#dh]^Z#
iZpb_gl#kZf#ijhba\h^bl#5#
ihke_^h\Zl_evguo#^uoZl_evguo#pbdeZ1

G?IJ?J1#<1# <ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 Ijh\_jvl_#iZpb_glZ>#


>:<E?GB? Lj_\h]Z#<UKHDH?#>:<E?GB?#Zdlb\gZ/# h[_ki_qvl_#Zevl_jgZlb\gmx#
gh#^Z\e_gb_#dhglmjZ#g_#iZ^Z_l#gb`_# \_glbeypbx1
gZkljhcdb#<UKHDH?#>:<E?GB?1 Ijh\_jvl_#[ehdbjh\dm#
:\lhfZlbq_kdb#g_#k[jZku\Z_lky1#:iiZjZl# ihjlZ#<UOH>GHC1
B<E#\oh^bl#\#khklhygb_#\_glbeypbb# Ij_djZlbl_#bkihevah\Zgb_#
hddexabb1 ijb[hjZ#b#h[jZlbl_kv#\#
k_j\bkgmx#kem`[m1

HLKH?0 <ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 Ijh\_jvl_#iZpb_glZ1


>BG?GB? Baf_j_gguc#h[t_f#\u^hoZ#khklZ\ey_l# Ijh\_jvl_#kh_^bg_gby#
48(#beb#f_g__#hl#h[_ki_qb\Z_fh]h# ^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ1
^uoZl_evgh]h#h[t_fZ#^ey#70o# GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#
ihke_^h\Zl_evguo#^uoZl_evguo#pbdeh\1 K;J1IJ?>MIJ1
:\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_lky/#dh]^Z#
h[t_f#\u^hoZ#klZgh\blky#[hevr_#48(#hl#
h[_ki_qb\Z_fh]h#^uoZl_evgh]h#h[t_fZ#
^ey#h^gh]h#^uoZl_evgh]h#pbdeZ1
........

7-5
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 6 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

7 7j_\h]b#+Z\Zjbcgu_#ij_^mij_`^_gby,
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#:-4=#Debgbq_kdb_#lj_\h]b#+ijh^1,

Dh]^Z#\u#
\b^bl_# Wlh#hagZqZ_l111 G_h[oh^bfh#k^_eZlv111
khh[s_gb_111

<1>UO1H;T?F# Kj_^g_ijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 Ijh\_jvl_#iZpb_glZ1#


<U>HO: H[t_f#\u^hoZ#^ey#60o#^uoZl_evguo# JZkkfhljbl_#\hafh`ghklv#
pbdeh\#ba#70o#ihke_^h\Zl_evguo#[ue# baf_g_gby#ke_^mxsbo#
\ur_#aZ^Zggh]h#\#gZkljhcd_# gZkljh_d=#<UKHDBC#
<UKHDBC#>UO:L?EVGUC#H;T?F1 >UO:L?EVGUC#H;T?F/#
:\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_lky/#dh]^Z# >UO:L?EVGUC#H;T?F#
6 ^uoZl_evguo#pbdeZ#ba#70o# b#IH>>?J@D:#
ihke_^h\Zl_evguo#khhl\_lkl\mxl# >:<E?GB?F1
ij_^_eZf#gZkljhcdb#Z\Zjbcgh]h#
ij_^mij_`^_gby1

<1Q:KLHL:# Kj_^g_ijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 Ijh\_jvl_#iZpb_glZ1


>UO:GBY Dhgljhebjm_fZy#qZklhlZ#^uoZgby#\ur_# Ijh\_jvl_#ml_qdb#\#dhglmj_#
\_ebqbgu/#mklZgh\e_gghc#\#gZkljhcd_# ^uoZgby#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E/#
<UKHD:Y#Q:KLHL:1 dhlhju_#fh]ml#\ua\Zlv#
:\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_lky/#dh]^Z# Z\lhaZpbdeb\Zgb_1
qZklhlZ#^uoZgby#klZgh\blky#f_gvr_#beb# JZkkfhljbl_#\hafh`ghklv#
jZ\ghc#gZkljhcd_#Z\Zjbcgh]h# baf_g_gby#ke_^mxsbo#
ij_^mij_`^_gby1 gZkljh_d=#<UKHD:Y#
Q:KLHL:/#Q:KLHL:#
>UO:GBC#b#
QM<KL<BL?EVGHKLV#
LJB==?J:1
Ijh\_jvl_#khhl\_lkl\b_#
ih^^_j`db#\_glbeypbb#b#
kZfhqm\kl\by#iZpb_glZ1

IJ?>MIJ?@>?GB?=
Ij_^mij_`^_gb_#<1#Q:KLHL:#>UO:GBY#\u^Z_lky#k#aZ^_j`dhc#\#
63 k_d/#qlh[u#iha\heblv#h[_ki_qb\Z_fhfm#^uoZgbx#
klZ[bebabjh\Zlvky#b#[he__#lhqgh#hij_^_eblv#qZklhlm#^uoZgby1
........

7-6
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 7 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

7j_\h]b#+Z\Zjbcgu_#ij_^mij_`^_gby, 7
..............................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#:-4=#Debgbq_kdb_#lj_\h]b#+ijh^1,

Dh]^Z#\u#
\b^bl_# Wlh#hagZqZ_l111 G_h[oh^bfh#k^_eZlv111
khh[s_gb_111

<UKHDH?# <ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 Ijh\_jvl_#iZpb_glZ1


>:<E?GB? 5#ihke_^h\Zl_evguo#^uoZl_evguo#pbdeZ# Ijh\_jvl_#gZebqb_#\h^u#\#
mk_q_gu/#ihkdhevdm#^Z\e_gb_#dhglmjZ# ebgbb#\^hoZ#beb#i_j_]b[#
^hklb]eh#gZkljhcdb#<UKHDH?# ljm[db1
>:<E?GB?1#+NZaZ#\^hoZ#aZdhgq_gZ/#b# Ih\_jvl_#khhl\_lkl\b_#
deZiZg#\u^hoZ#hldjul/#qlh[u#g_# gZkljhcdb#<UKHDH?#
^himklblv#ij_\ur_gby#^Z\e_gby1, >:<E?GB?#b#gZkljh_d#
:\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_lky/#dh]^Z# ZiiZjZlZ#B<E1
^Z\e_gb_#dhglmjZ#f_gvr_/#q_f#gZkljhcdZ#
ij_^mij_`^_gby#^ey#8#^uoZl_evguo#
pbdeh\1#A\md#lj_\h]b#g_#fh`_l#[ulv#
hldexq_g/#_keb#__#ijbqbgZ#g_#mkljZg_gZ1

G1>UO1H;T?F# Kj_^g_ijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 Ijh\_jvl_#iZpb_glZ1#


<U>HO: H[_ki_qb\Z_fuc#^uoZl_evguc#h[t_f# Ijh\_jvl_#gZebqb_#
klZe#f_gvr_/#q_f#gZkljhcdZ#GBADBC# [ehdbjh\db#beb#i_j_]b[Z#
>UO:L?EVGUC#H;T?F#\#l_q_gb_#60o#ba# WL0ljm[db#+gZkljhcdZ#
70o#ihke_^h\Zl_evguo#^uoZl_evguo# GBADBC#>UO:L?EVGUC#
pbdeh\1#?keb#gZkljhcdZ#GBADBC# H;T?F#^ey#3&90#b#3690
>UO:L?EVGUC#H;T?F# #3#b#lbi# lbih\#^uoZgby# #3,1
^uoZgby#0#3&9/#w lZ#lj_\h]Z#mdZau\Z_l/#qlh# Ijh\_jvl_#khhl\_lkl\b_#
h[_ki_qb\Z_fuc#^uoZl_evguc#h[t_f#gZ#6# gZkljh_d=#IH>>?J@D:#
fe#f_gvr_#^ey#60o#ba#70o# >:<E?GB?F/#IBDH<UC#
ihke_^h\Zl_evguo#^uoZl_evguo#pbdeh\1 IHLHD/#GBADBC#
:\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_lky/#dh]^Z# >UO:L?EVGUC#H;T?F/#
ijh\_jy_fZy#\_ebqbgZ#klZgh\blky#ih# >UO:L?EVGUC#
djZcg_c#f_j_#jZ\gZ#gZkljhcd_# H;T?F
ij_^mij_`^_gby#\#l_q_gb_#60o#ba#70o# QM<KL<BL?EV1#
ihke_^h\Zl_evguo#^uoZl_evguo#pbdeh\1 <U>HO:/#<J?F?G1#
N:DLHJ#JHKL:#b#
IH>>?J@D:#
>:<E?GB?F1
........

7-7
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 8 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

7 7j_\h]b#+Z\Zjbcgu_#ij_^mij_`^_gby,
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#:-4=#Debgbq_kdb_#lj_\h]b#+ijh^1,

Dh]^Z#\u#
\b^bl_# Wlh#hagZqZ_l111 G_h[oh^bfh#k^_eZlv111
khh[s_gb_111

G1FBG1 Kj_^g_ijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 Ijh\_jvl_#iZpb_glZ1


H;T?F# Dhgljhebjm_fuc#fbgmlguc#h[t_f# Ijh\_jvl_#khhl\_lkl\b_#
<U>HO: f_gvr_/#q_f#gZkljhcdZ#GBADBC# GBADBC#FBGMLGUC#
FBGMLGUC#H;T?F1 H;T?F#b#gZkljh_d#ijb[hjZ1
:\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_lky/#dh]^Z#
ijh\_jy_fZy#\_ebqbgZ#ih#djZcg_c#f_j_#
jZ\gZ#gZkljhcd_1

IJ?>MIJ?@>?GB?=
Ij_^mij_`^_gb_#G1#FBG1H;T?F#<U>HO:#g_#^_ckl\m_l#^ey#43#
\a^hoh\/#ke_^mxsbo#aZ#gZkljhcdhc#433(#25/#baf_g_gb_f#gZkljhcdb#
3((3#beb#hdhgqZgb_f#khklhygby#6921#Hgh#aZ^_j`b\Z_lky#\#l_q_gb_#
63#k_d/#ke_^mxsbo#aZ#gZqZehf#\_glbeypbb#beb#baf_g_gb_f#j_`bfZ/#
qlh[u#iha\heblv#ihklZ\ey_fhfm#^uoZgbx#klZ[bebabjh\Zlvky1

G1>:<E?GB?# <ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 Ijh\_jvl_#iZpb_glZ1


G:#<>HO? Dhgljhebjm_fh_#^Z\e_gb_#dhglmjZ#\# Ijh\_jvl_#kh_^bg_gby#
dhgp_#nZau#\^hoZ#klZeh#gb`_#gZkljhcdb# ^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ1
GBADH?#>:<E?GB?#G:#<>HO?#+w lh# Ijh\_jvl_#khhl\_lkl\b_#
ij_^mij_`^_gb_#Zdlb\gh#lhevdh#\# gZkljhcdb#GBADH?#
j_`bfZo#<KIHFH=:L?EVGU?#b# >:<E?GB?#G:#<>HO?1
6,09,1
:\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_lky/#dh]^Z#
^Z\e_gb_#dhglmjZ#\#dhgp_#nZau#\^hoZ#
klZgh\blky#ih#djZcg_c#f_j_#jZ\guf#
gZkljhcd_#ij_^mij_`^_gby1

IJ?>MIJ?@>?GB?=
Dhf[bgZpby#^uoZgby/#bgbpbbjm_fh]h#iZpb_glhf#b#ibdh\uf#ihlhdhf#
ijb[hjZ#\#khhl\_lkl\bb#k#gZkljhcdhc/#fh`_l#\uau\Zlv#
ij_^mij_`^_gb_#G1>:<E?GB?#G:#<>HO?1#M[_^bl_kv/#qlh#
gZkljhcdZ#IBDH<UC#IHLHD#khhl\_lkl\m_l#ihlj_[ghklyf#iZpb_glZ1
........

7-8
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 9 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

7j_\h]b#+Z\Zjbcgu_#ij_^mij_`^_gby, 7
..............................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#:-4=#Debgbq_kdb_#lj_\h]b#+ijh^1,

Dh]^Z#\u#
\b^bl_# Wlh#hagZqZ_l111 G_h[oh^bfh#k^_eZlv111
khh[s_gb_111

G1Q:KLHL:# Kj_^g_ijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 Ijh\_jvl_#iZpb_glZ1


>UO:GBY :iiZjZl#B<E#g_#fh`_l#h[_ki_qblv# Ijh\_jvl_#kh_^bg_gby#
+Lhevdh#^ey# l_dmsmx#gZkljhcdm#Q:KLHL:# jZkkh_^bg_gb_#beb#
ZiiZjZlh\#B<E# >UO:GBY#+g_^hklZlhqgh_#\j_fy#^ey# hddexabx#^uoZl_evgh]h#
k_jbb#:93, \ly]b\Zgby#ihjrgy#b#h[_ki_q_gby# dhglmjZ1
ke_^mxs_]h#^uoZl_evgh]h#pbdeZ,1# Ijh\_jvl_#khhl\_lkl\b_#
Dhgljhebjm_fZy#qZklhlZ#^uoZgby#gZ#4# gZkljhcdb#Q:KLHL:#
^uoZgb_#\#fbgmlm#.#43(#gZkljhcdb#gb`_/# >UO:GBY#b#^jm]bo#
q_f#gZkljhcdZ#Q:KLHL:#>UO:GBY1 ijbgm^bl_evguo#gZkljh_d1
:\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_lky#q_j_a#63#k_d1# Ijh\_jvl_#Z^_d\Zlghklv#
GZ`Zlb_#dghidb#K;J1#IJ?>MIJ1# ih^^_j`db#\_glbeypbb#b#
g_f_^e_ggh#hldexqZ_l#lj_\h]b#b#hqbsZ_l# kZfhqm\kl\b_#iZpb_glZ1
kibkhd#Z\lh[jZku\Z_fuo#lj_\h]/#ihke_#
w lh]h#lj_\h]Z#kgh\Z#[m^_l#h[ty\e_gZ#
lhevdh#\#lhf#kemqZ_/#_keb#ihke_#
baf_g_gby#gZkljh_d#mkeh\b_#lj_\h]b#\k_#
_s_#khojZgy_lky1

IJ?>MIJ?@>?GB?=
Ij_^mij_`^_gb_#G1Q:KLHL:#>UO:GBY#\u^Z_lky#k#aZ^_j`dhc#\#
63 k_d/#qlh[u#iha\heblv#h[_ki_qb\Z_fhfm#^uoZgbx#
klZ[bebabjh\Zlvky#b#[he__#lhqgh#hij_^_eblv#qZklhlm#^uoZgby1
........

7-9
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 10 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

7 7j_\h]b#+Z\Zjbcgu_#ij_^mij_`^_gby,
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#:-4=#Debgbq_kdb_#lj_\h]b#+ijh^1,

Dh]^Z#\u#
\b^bl_# Wlh#hagZqZ_l111 G_h[oh^bfh#k^_eZlv111
khh[s_gb_111

<UKHDBC# <ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 Ijh\_jvl_#nbevlj#


(#H5 Baf_j_gguc#(#25#[he__#q_f#gZ#^_kylv# \ha^mohaZ[hjgbdZ#gZ#
ijhp_glh\#ij_\urZ_l#aZ^Zggmx# aZdmihjdm#b#aZf_gbl_#_]h#
gZkljhcdm#\#l_q_gb_#[he__#63#k_dmg^1 ijb#g_h[oh^bfhklb1#
:\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_lky/#dh]^Z# +Kf1#ijbe1 $1,
baf_j_gguc#(#25#mklZgZ\eb\Zxlky#\# Ijhkfhljbl_#baf_j_gby#
ij_^_eZo#^_kylb#ijhp_glh\#hl#aZ^Zggh]h1 dbkehjh^gh]h#^ZlqbdZ#b/#
_keb#gm`gh/#hldZeb[jmcl_#
^Zlqbd#+kf1#]e1 9/#nmgdpbb#
f_gx#>Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z,1
?keb#ijZ\beZ#\Zr_]h#
mqj_`^_gby#jZaj_rZxl/#
hldexqbl_#ij_^_eu#
Z\Zjbcgh]h#
ij_^mij_`^_gby#25#(#
+kf1#nmgdpbb#f_gx#>Zlqbd#
dbkehjh^Z,1

Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
NbjfZ#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#j_dhf_g^m_l#\k_]^Z#mklZgZ\eb\Zlv#
ij_^_eu#Z\Zjbcgh]h#ij_^mij_`^_gby#25/#aZ#bkdexq_gb_f#kemqZy/#
dh]^Z#^Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z#g_bkijZ\_g#beb#hlkmlkl\m_l1#G_bkijZ\guc#
^Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z#ke_^m_l#aZf_gblv#g_f_^e_ggh1

Ijh\_jvl_#iZpb_glZ/#
ijh\_jvl_#bklhqgbd#
dbkehjh^Z/#h[_ki_qvl_#
Zevl_jgZlb\gmx#
\_glbeypbx1#Ij_djZlbl_#
bkihevah\Zgb_#ijb[hjZ#b#
k\y`bl_kv#k#k_j\bkghc#
kem`[hc#+^ey#aZf_gu#
^ZlqbdZ#dbkehjh^Z,1
........

7-10
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 11 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

7j_\h]b#+Z\Zjbcgu_#ij_^mij_`^_gby, 7
..............................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#:-4=#Debgbq_kdb_#lj_\h]b#+ijh^1,

Dh]^Z#\u#
\b^bl_# Wlh#hagZqZ_l111 G_h[oh^bfh#k^_eZlv111
khh[s_gb_111

GBADBC#(#H5 <ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 Ijhkfhljbl_#baf_j_gby#


Baf_j_gguc#(#25#[he__#q_f#gZ#^_kylv# dbkehjh^gh]h#^ZlqbdZ#b/#
ijhp_glh\#gb`_#aZ^Zgghc#gZkljhcdb#\# _keb#gm`gh/#hldZeb[jmcl_#
l_q_gb_#[he__#63#k_d1# ^Zlqbd#+kf1#]e1 9/#nmgdpbb#
:\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_lky/#dh]^Z# f_gx#>Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z,1
baf_j_gguc#(#25#mklZgZ\eb\Zxlky#\# ?keb#ijZ\beZ#\Zr_]h#
ij_^_eZo#43#ijhp_glh\#hl#aZ^Zgghc# mqj_`^_gby#jZaj_rZxl/#
gZkljhcdb1 hldexqbl_#ij_^_eu#
Z\Zjbcgh]h#
ij_^mij_`^_gby#25#(#
+kf1#nmgdpbb#f_gx#>Zlqbd#
dbkehjh^Z,1

Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
NbjfZ#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#j_dhf_g^m_l#\k_]^Z#mklZgZ\eb\Zlv#
ij_^_eu#Z\Zjbcgh]h#ij_^mij_`^_gby#25/#aZ#bkdexq_gb_f#kemqZy/#
dh]^Z#^Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z#g_bkijZ\_g#beb#hlkmlkl\m_l1#G_bkijZ\guc#
^Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z#ke_^m_l#aZf_gblv#g_f_^e_ggh1

Ijh\_jvl_#iZpb_glZ/#
ijh\_jvl_#bklhqgbd#
dbkehjh^Z/#h[_ki_qvl_#
Zevl_jgZlb\gmx#
\_glbeypbx1#Ij_djZlbl_#
bkihevah\Zgb_#ijb[hjZ#b#
k\y`bl_kv#k#k_j\bkghc#
kem`[hc#+^ey#aZf_gu#
^ZlqbdZ#dbkehjh^Z,1
........

7-11
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 12 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

7 7j_\h]b#+Z\Zjbcgu_#ij_^mij_`^_gby,
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#:-4=#Debgbq_kdb_#lj_\h]b#+ijh^1,

Dh]^Z#\u#
\b^bl_# Wlh#hagZqZ_l111 G_h[oh^bfh#k^_eZlv111
khh[s_gb_111

HDDEXABY <ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 Ijh\_jvl_#iZpb_glZ1


AZdmihj_g#^uoZl_evguc#dhglmj#beb# Ijh\_jvl_#^uoZl_evguc#
nbevlj#\^hoZ#beb#\u^hoZ1#<_glbeylhj# dhglmj#b#nbevlju#\^hoZ#b#
gZoh^bl#jZagbpm#f_`^m#^ZlqbdZfb# \u^hoZ#gZ#hddexabx#beb#
^Z\e_gbc#\^hoZ#b#\u^hoZ#\ur_#ghjfu1# i_j_djmqb\Zgb_1#M^Zebl_#
:iiZjZl#B<E#\oh^bl#\#khklhygb_# \h^m#ba#ljm[hd1
\_glbeypbb#hddexabb1 GZ`fbl_#dghidm#
:\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_lky/#dh]^Z# K;J1IJ?>MIJ1
ZiiZjZl#B<E#[hevr_#g_#h[gZjm`b\Z_l# ?keb#ijh[e_fZ#g_#
hddexabb1 jZaj_r_gZ/#h[_ki_qvl_#
Zevl_jgZlb\gmx#
\_glbeypbx#b#h[jZlbl_kv#\#
k_j\bkgmx#kem`[m1

Q:KLBQG:Y# <ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 Ijh\_jvl_#iZpb_glZ1#


HDDEXABY AZdmihj_g#^uoZl_evguc#dhglmj#beb# Ijh\_jvl_#^uoZl_evguc#
nbevlj#\^hoZ#beb#\u^hoZ1#<_glbeylhj# dhglmj#b#nbevlju#\^hoZ#b#
gZoh^bl#jZagbpm#f_`^m#^ZlqbdZfb# \u^hoZ#gZ#gZebqb_#\h^u/#
^Z\e_gbc#\^hoZ#b#\u^hoZ#\ur_#ghjfu1# i_j_djmqb\Zgb_#beb#
:iiZjZl#B<E#ijh^he`Z_l#ghjfZevgmx# hddexabx#^jm]h]h#jh^Z1
\_glbeypbx1 ?keb#w lb#f_ju#g_#j_rZxl#
:\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_lky/#dh]^Z# ijh[e_fu/#h[_ki_qvl_#
ZiiZjZl#B<E#[hevr_#g_#h[gZjm`b\Z_l# Zevl_jgZlb\gmx#
hddexabb1 \_glbeypbx#b#h[jZlbl_kv#\#
k_j\bkgmx#kem`[m1

<J?FY#MKL1# <ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 Ijh\_jvl_#iZpb_glZ1#I_j_^#


IJHREH K#fhf_glZ#gZ`Zlby#deZ\brb#beb# ih^dexq_gb_f#
ih\hjhlZ#i_j_dexqZl_ey#ijhreh#[he__#63# ^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ#d#
k_dmg^#+\hagbdZ_l#lhevdh#ijb# iZpb_glm#m[_^bl_kv/#qlh#
\dexq_gbb,1 gZkljhcdZ#ijb[hjZ#
:\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_lky/#dh]^Z#\u# aZ\_jr_gZ1
gZ`bfZ_l_#deZ\brm#<<H>1 <u[_jbl_#khhl\_lkl\mxsb_#
gZkljhcdb#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E1
........

7-12
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 13 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

7j_\h]b#+Z\Zjbcgu_#ij_^mij_`^_gby, 7
..............................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#:-5=#L_ogbq_kdb_#lj_\h]b

Dh]^Z#\u#
\b^bl_#w lh# Wlh#hagZqZ_l111 Qlh#g_h[oh^bfh#k^_eZlv111
khh[s_gb_111

DZdh_0eb[h# :iiZjZl#B<E#ijb#ijh\_jd_#jZ[hlu# Ijh\_jvl_#iZpb_glZ/#


khh[s_gb_#h# h[gZjm`be#mkeh\b_#lj_\h]b1 h[_ki_qvl_#Zevl_jgZlb\gmx#
lj_\h]_/# \_glbeypbx1
dhlhjh]h#g_l#\# Ij_djZlbl_#bkihevah\Zgb_#
^Zgghc# ijb[hjZ#b#h[jZlbl_kv#\#
lZ[ebp_1 k_j\bkgmx#kem`[m1

G?L# <ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 M[_^bl_kv/#qlh#nbevlj#


<HA>MOH0 >Zlqbd#nbevljZ#\ha^mohaZ[hjgbdZ# \ha^mohaZ[hjgbdZ#
A:;HJ: h[gZjm`be#hlkmlkl\b_#nbevljZ1 mklZgh\e_g#b#jZaf_s_g#
Lj_\h]Z#Z\lhfZlbq_kdb#g_#k[jZku\Z_lky=# ijZ\bevgh1
g_h[oh^bfh#gZ`Zlv#deZ\brm# AZf_gbl_#nbevlj#
K;J1IJ?>MIJ1 \ha^mohaZ[hjgbdZ1
Ij_djZlbl_#bkihevah\Zgb_#
ijb[hjZ#b#h[jZlbl_kv#\#
k_j\bkgmx#kem`[m1

<HA>MOH0 <ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 Ijh\_jvl_#iZpb_glZ1


A:;1#;EHD1 <_glbeylhj#h[gZjm`be#\#nbevlj_# Ijh\_jvl_#\b^bfu_#
\ha^mohaZ[hjgbdZ#khijhlb\e_gb_#\ur_# hddexabb#+gZijbf_j/#
ghjfZevgh]h1 aZgZ\_kdb/#h^_`^Z/#beb#
Lj_\h]Z#Z\lhfZlbq_kdb#g_#k[jZku\Z_lky/# f_[_ev#[ehdbjm_l#
\u#^he`gu#gZ`Zlv# \ha^mohaZ[hjgbd,1
K;J1IJ?>MIJ1 GZ`fbl_#K;J1IJ?>MIJ1
AZf_gbl_#nbevlj#
\ha^mohaZ[hjgbdZ1#
+Kf1#ijbe1 $1,

G?L#A:JY>1# <ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 Ijh\_jvl_#kh_^bg_gby#b#


;:L:J?B GZijy`_gb_#[Zl_j_b#g_#\hajZklZ_l#\# aZjy^#\g_rg_c#[ZlZj_b1#Ijb#
l_q_gb_#ihke_^g_]h#qZkZ1 g_h[oh^bfhklb#aZf_gbl_#
Lj_\h]Z#Z\lhfZlbq_kdb#g_#k[jZku\Z_lky/# \g_rgxx#[ZlZj_x1
g_h[oh^bfh#gZ`Zlv# H[jZlbl_kv#\#k_j\bkgmx#
K;J1IJ?>MIJ1 kem`[m1
........

7-13
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 14 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

7 7j_\h]b#+Z\Zjbcgu_#ij_^mij_`^_gby,
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#:-5=#L_ogbq_kdb_#lj_\h]b#+ijh^1,

Dh]^Z#\u#
\b^bl_#w lh# Wlh#hagZqZ_l111 Qlh#g_h[oh^bfh#k^_eZlv111
khh[s_gb_111

H;J1#D#K?J<1 <ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 Ij_djZlbl_#bkihevah\Zgb_#


KEM@;? G_h[oh^bfh#ijh\_klb#h[kem`b\Zgb_# ijb[hjZ#b#h[jZlbl_kv#\#
ZiiZjZlZ#B<E1 k_j\bkgmx#kem`[m1

<GBF$#=:A# <ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 M[_^bl_kv/#qlh#dhfgZlgZy#


<UK1L?FI L_fi_jZlmjZ#\^uoZ_fhc#kf_kb#kebrdhf# l_fi_jZlmjZ#g_#kebrdhf#
\ukhdZy1 \ukhdZy1
:\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_lky/#dh]^Z# Ij_djZlbl_#bkihevah\Zgb_#
l_fi_jZlmjZ#mklZgZ\eb\Z_lky#\# ijb[hjZ#b#h[jZlbl_kv#\#
^himklbfhf#^bZiZahg_1 k_j\bkgmx#kem`[m1

<GBF$#=:A# <ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 M[_^bl_kv/#qlh#dhfgZlgZy#


GBA1L?FI L_fi_jZlmjZ#\^uoZ_fhc#kf_kb#kebrdhf# l_fi_jZlmjZ#g_#kebrdhf#
gbadZy1 gbadZy1
:\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_lky/#dh]^Z# Ij_djZlbl_#bkihevah\Zgb_#
l_fi_jZlmjZ#mklZgZ\eb\Z_lky#\# ijb[hjZ#b#h[jZlbl_kv#\#
^himklbfhf#^bZiZahg_1 k_j\bkgmx#kem`[m1

<G$#<1L?FI1 <ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 ?keb#ijh[e_fZ#khojZgy_lky/#


PDE1<U> L_fi_jZlmjZ#gZ]j_\Zl_ey#\#dhglmj_# ij_djZlbl_#bkihevah\Zgb_#
\u^hoZ#\ur_#^himklbfh]h#ij_^_eZ1# ijb[hjZ#b#h[jZlbl_kv#\#
:iiZjZl#B<E#ijh^he`Z_l# k_j\bkgmx#kem`[m1
kb]gZebabjh\Zlv#h#lj_\h]_/#ihdZ#mkeh\b_# Bf_cl_#\#\b^m/#qlh#w lh#fh`_l#
lj_\h]b#khojZgy_lky1 \ebylv#gZ#kibjhf_ljbx#
:\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_lky/#dh]^Z# +dhgljhebjm_fu_#agZq_gby#
l_fi_jZlmjZ#mklZgZ\eb\Z_lky#\# fh]ml#[ulv#\ur_/#q_f#
^himklbfhf#^bZiZahg_1 nZdlbq_kdb_,1

<G$#G1L?FI1 <ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 ?keb#ijh[e_fZ#khojZgy_lky/#


PDE1<U> L_fi_jZlmjZ#gZ]j_\Zl_ey#\#dhglmj_# ij_djZlbl_#bkihevah\Zgb_#
\u^hoZ#gb`_#^himklbfh]h#ij_^_eZ1# ijb[hjZ#b#h[jZlbl_kv#\#
:iiZjZl#B<E#ijh^he`Z_l# k_j\bkgmx#kem`[m1
kb]gZebabjh\Zlv#h#lj_\h]_/#ihdZ#mkeh\b_# Bf_cl_#\#\b^m/#qlh#w lh#fh`_l#
lj_\h]b#khojZgy_lky1 \ebylv#gZ#kibjhf_ljbx#
:\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_lky/#dh]^Z# +dhgljhebjm_fu_#agZq_gby#
l_fi_jZlmjZ#mklZgZ\eb\Z_lky#\# fh]ml#[ulv#gb`_/#q_f#
^himklbfhf#^bZiZahg_1 nZdlbq_kdb_,1
........

7-14
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 15 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

7j_\h]b#+Z\Zjbcgu_#ij_^mij_`^_gby, 7
..............................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#:-5=#L_ogbq_kdb_#lj_\h]b#+ijh^1,

Dh]^Z#\u#
\b^bl_#w lh# Wlh#hagZqZ_l111 Qlh#g_h[oh^bfh#k^_eZlv111
khh[s_gb_111

HOE1<?G0 <ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 M[_^bl_kv/#qlh#ZiiZjZl#


LBE1#G?BKI1 Nbevlj#hoeZ`^Zxs_]h#\_glbeylhjZ# jZah]j_l#^hklZlhqgh1
aZdmihj_g#beb#hoeZ`^Zxsbc#\_glbeylhj# Ijh\_jvl_#nbevlj#
g_#jZ[hlZ_l1 hoeZ`^Zxs_]h#\_glbeylhjZ#
:\lhfZlbq_kdb#g_#k[jZku\Z_lky/# b#ijhqbklbl_#_]h/#_keb#
gZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#K;J1IJ?>MIJ1 g_h[oh^bfh#+kf1#ijbe1 $,1
GZ`fbl_#K;J1IJ?>MIJ1
?keb#w lh#g_#jZaj_rZ_l#
ijh[e_fm/#h[jZlbl_kv#\#
k_j\bkgmx#kem`[m1

<1L?FI1G:# <ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 ?keb#ijh[e_fZ#khojZgy_lky/#


J?A1;:L1 <gmlj_ggyy#[ZlZj_y#bf__l#l_fi_jZlmjm# ij_djZlbl_#bkihevah\Zgb_#
\ur_#^himklbfh]h#ij_^_eZ1 ijb[hjZ#b#h[jZlbl_kv#d#
:\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_lky/#dh]^Z# k_j\bkghc#kem`[_1
l_fi_jZlmjZ#mklZgZ\eb\Z_lky#gb`_#
^himklbfh]h#ij_^_eZ1

<G$#<1KBKL1# <ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 Ijh\_jvl_#hoeZ`^Zxsbc#


L?FI?J1 L_fi_jZlmjZ#\gmljb#dhjimkZ#ZiiZjZlZ# \_glbeylhj#b#_]h#nbevlj1
\ur_#^himklbfh]h#ij_^_eZ1 GZ`fbl_#I:MA:#IJ?>MIJ1#
:\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_lky/#dh]^Z# beb#K;J1IJ?>MIJ1
l_fi_jZlmjZ#himkdZ_lky#gb`_# ?keb#ijh[e_fZ#khojZgy_lky/#
^himklbfh]h#ij_^_eZ1 ij_djZlbl_#bkihevah\Zlv#
ijb[hj#b#h[jZlbl_kv#\#
k_j\bkgmx#kem`[m1

G?L# Kj_^g_ijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 Ijh\_jvl_#p_ehklghklv#


G:IJY@1# IjhbahreZ#ihl_jy#gZijy`_gby#k_lb# kh_^bg_gby#k#k_lvx#
K?LB i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ/#ohly#j_a_j\gZy#[ZlZj_y# i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ1
^hklmigZ1 Ij_djZlbl_#bkihevah\Zgb_#
:\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_lky#q_j_a#5#fbg# ijb[hjZ#b#h[jZlbl_kv#\#
beb#ijb#\hkklZgh\e_gbb#iblZgby1 k_j\bkgmx#kem`[m1
........

7-15
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 16 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

7 7j_\h]b#+Z\Zjbcgu_#ij_^mij_`^_gby,
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#:-5=#L_ogbq_kdb_#lj_\h]b#+ijh^1,

Dh]^Z#\u#
\b^bl_#w lh# Wlh#hagZqZ_l111 Qlh#g_h[oh^bfh#k^_eZlv111
khh[s_gb_111

G?L# <ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 Ijh\_jvl_#p_ehklghklv#


IBL:GBY We_dljhiblZgb_#hl#k_lb#hlkmlkl\m_l#b# kh_^bg_gby#k#k_lvx#
[ZlZj_b#jZajy`_gu#0#iblZgb_#fh`_l#[ulv# i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ#b#[ZlZj__c1
ml_jygh1#Mkljhckl\h#[m^_l#hklZgh\e_gh# Ijb#g_h[oh^bfhklb#
q_j_a#8#fbg1 h[_ki_qvl_#Zevl_jgZlb\gmx#
:\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_lky/#dh]^Z# \_glbeypbx1
gZijy`_gb_#k_lb#i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ#beb# Ijb#g_h[oh^bfhklb#aZf_gbl_#
\g_rg_c#[ZlZj_b#\hkklZgh\e_gh1#Kb]gZe# [ZlZj_b#+\gmlj_ggb_#b#
ij_^mij_`^_gby#a\mqbl#^h# \g_rgb_/#_keb#mklZgh\e_gu,1
Z\lhfZlbq_kdh]h#k[jhkZ#ih#djZcg_c#f_j_#
\#l_q_gb_#5#fbgml#ihke_#ihl_jb#iblZgby#
hl#\g_rg_c#[ZlZj_b#b#k_lb1

IJ?>MIJ?@>?GB?=
NZdlbq_kdh_#hklZ\r__ky#\j_fy#jZ[hlu#hl#j_a_j\ghc#[ZlZj_b#aZ\bkbl#hl#
khklhygby#[ZlZj_b#b#gZkljh_d#ijb[hjZ1

J:AJY># <ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 Ijh\_jvl_#gZ^_`ghklv#


<G?R1;:L1 Ijb#kZfhl_klbjh\Zgbb#3267#h[gZjm`_g# bklhqgbdZ#i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ1#
gbadbc#mjh\_gv#gZijy`_gby#\g_rg_c# Ijh\_jvl_#kh_^bg_gby#
[ZlZj_b/#ohly#gZijy`_gb_#k_lb# \g_rg_c#[ZlZj_b1
i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ#^hklZlhqgh_1#Wlh# Ijb#g_h[oh^bfhklb#aZf_gbl_#
ij_^mij_`^_gb_#ihy\ey_lky#lhevdh/# \g_rgxx#[ZlZj_x1
dh]^Z#\gmlj_ggyy#[ZlZj_y#lZd`_#
bklhs_gZ#beb#hlkmlkl\m_l1
:\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_lky#ihke_#5#fbg#
beb#ijb#aZf_g_#\g_rg_c#[ZlZj_b1#Ihke_#
k[jZku\Zgby#g_#\hah[gh\ey_lky1
........

7-16
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 17 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

7j_\h]b#+Z\Zjbcgu_#ij_^mij_`^_gby, 7
..............................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#:-5=#L_ogbq_kdb_#lj_\h]b#+ijh^1,

Dh]^Z#\u#
\b^bl_#w lh# Wlh#hagZqZ_l111 Qlh#g_h[oh^bfh#k^_eZlv111
khh[s_gb_111

J:AJY># <ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 Ijh\_jvl_#gZ^_`ghklv#


<GMLJ1;:L1 Ijb#kZfhl_klbjh\Zgbb#h[gZjm`_g# bklhqgbdZ#i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ1
gbadbc#mjh\_gv#gZijy`_gby#\gmlj_gg_c# H[jZlbl_kv#d#k_j\bkghc#
[ZlZj_b/#ohly#gZijy`_gb_#k_lb# kem`[_/#qlh[u#ijh\_jblv#
i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ#^hklZlhqgh_1 \gmlj_ggb_#kh_^bg_gby#
:\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_lky#ihke_#5#fbg# [ZlZj_b#b#ijb#g_h[oh^bfhklb#
beb#ijb#aZf_g_#\g_rg_c#[ZlZj_b1#Ihke_# aZf_gblv#\gmlj_ggxx#
k[jZku\Zgby#g_#\hah[gh\ey_lky1 [ZlZj_x1

G1#IH>:Q:# <ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 Ijh\_jvl_#iZpb_glZ1


H5 Gbadh_#^Z\e_gb_#bklhqgbdZ#dbkehjh^Z/# Ijh\_jvl_#p_ehklghklv#
\_glbeypby#ijh^he`Z_lky#k# bklhqgbdZ#dbkehjh^Z#b#
mf_gvr_gguf#( 251#+Lj_\h]Z#g_# kh_^bg_gbc1#Ijb#
Zdlb\babjm_lky/#dh]^Z#gZkljhcdZ#( 25# g_h[oh^bfhklb#m\_ebqvl_#
khklZ\ey_l#54(1, ^Z\e_gb_#bklhqgbdZ#
:\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_lky/#dh]^Z# dbkehjh^Z1
mklZgZ\eb\Z_lky#^hklZlhqgh_#^Z\e_gb_#
bklhqgbdZ#dbkehjh^Z1

A:F?GBLV# <ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 Ij_djZlbl_#bkihevah\Zlv#


>:LQBD#H5 >Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z#hlkmlkl\m_l#beb# ijb[hj#b#h[jZlbl_kv#\#
\u^Z_l#g_ijZ\bevgu_#ihdZaZgby1 k_j\bkgmx#kem`[m1
G_#k[jZku\Z_lky#Z\lhfZlbq_kdb/#\u#
^he`gu#gZ`Zlv#K;J1IJ?>MIJ1

IJ?>MIJ?@>?GB?=
Wlh#ij_^mij_`^_gb_#g_#\hah[gh\ey_lky/#_keb#ij_^mij_`^_gby#H5#
[ueb#hlf_g_gu1

G?BKIJ:0 <ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 Ij_djZlbl_#bkihevah\Zlv#


<?G# Hkgh\ghc#^bgZfbd#^ey#ij_^mij_`^_gbc# ijb[hj#b#h[jZlbl_kv#\#
>BG:FBD g_bkijZ\_g/#jZ[hlZ_l#j_a_j\guc# k_j\bkgmx#kem`[m1
^bgZfbd1#Ijb#w lhf#ijb[hj#ijh\_jy_lky#
kgh\Z/#_keb#ijbqbgZ#ihehfdb#g_#
mkljZg_gZ1
G_#k[jZku\Z_lky#Z\lhfZlbq_kdb1
........

7-17
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 18 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

7 7j_\h]b#+Z\Zjbcgu_#ij_^mij_`^_gby,
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#:-5=#L_ogbq_kdb_#lj_\h]b#+ijh^1,

Dh]^Z#\u#
\b^bl_#w lh# Wlh#hagZqZ_l111 Qlh#g_h[oh^bfh#k^_eZlv111
khh[s_gb_111

I?J?DE1G:# Kj_^g_ijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z1 Ijh\_jvl_#kh_^bg_gby#


<GML1;:L1 Bklhqgbd#iblZgby#ijb[hjZ#i_j_dexq_g# \g_rg_c#[ZlZj_b1
gZ#\gmlj_ggxx#[ZlZj_x#ba0aZ#ihl_jb# AZf_gbl_#\g_rgxx#[ZlZj_x#
iblZgby#hl#\g_rg_c#[ZlZj_b#beb#k_lb# ijb#g_h[oh^bfhklb1
i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ1 Ijh\_jvl_#gZ^_`ghklv#k_lb#
:\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jZku\Z_lky#ihke_# i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ1
5 fbg/#dh]^Z#gZijy`_gb_#i_j_f_ggh]h#
lhdZ#\hkklZgZ\e_gh#beb#dh]^Z#\g_rgyy#
[ZlZj_y#aZf_g_gZ1
........

7-18
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 1 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ijbeh`_gb_

H[kem`b\Zgb_#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#$ A
.............................................................................
>ey#lh]h/#qlh[u#]ZjZglbjh\Zlv#ijZ\bevgh_#nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_#ZiiZjZlZ#
B<E/#\uihegycl_#ijhnbeZdlbq_kdb_#ijhp_^mju#q_j_a#j_dhf_g^m_fu_#
bgl_j\Zeu#\j_f_gb1#<k_#ijhp_^mju#^he`gu#[ulv#ijb\_^_gu#\#
khhl\_lkl\b_#k#ijZ\beZfb#b#j_`bfZfb#jZ[hlu#\Zr_]h#mqj_`^_gby1
>Zggh_#ijbeh`_gb_#kh^_j`bl#ke_^mxsb_#jZa^_eu=
• HqbkldZ/#^_abgn_dpby#b#kl_jbebaZpby
• IjhnbeZdlbdZ
• OjZg_gb_
• MiZdh\dZ
<#Jmdh\h^kl\_#ih#h[kem`b\Zgbx#ZiiZjZlh\#B<E#k_jbb#:33#^Zgu#[he__#
ih^jh[gu_#bgkljmdpbb#ih#^_lZevghfm#l_klbjh\Zgbx/#^bZ]ghklbd_#
g_bkijZ\ghkl_c#b#^jm]bf#k_j\bkguf#ijhp_^mjZf/#\dexqZy#hibkZgb_#
ijbgpbih\#jZ[hlu/#bgkljmdpbx#ih#dZeb[jh\d_/#kibkhd#ijbgZ^e_`ghkl_c#
b aZiZkguo#qZkl_c/#Z#lZd`_#ijbgpbibZevgu_#ko_fu1#+Hl^_evgu_#
w e_dljhgggu_#dhfihg_glu#g_#ih^e_`bl#j_fhglm1,

........

A-1
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 2 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

A H[kem`b\Zgb_#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E
..........................................................................
$14##HqbkldZ/#^_abgn_dpby#b#kl_jbebaZpby
<#lZ[e1#$-4#kh^_j`blky#hibkZgb_#ijhp_^mj#hqbkldb/#^_abgn_dpbb#b#
kl_jbebaZpbb#ijbgZ^e_`ghkl_c#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
NbjfZ#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#ihgbfZ_l/#qlh#f_lh^u#kZgblZjbb#fh]ml#
[ulv#jZaebqgu#^ey#jZaguo#mqj_`^_gbc#a^jZ\hhojZg_gby1#NbjfZ#
1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#g_#fh`_l#hij_^_eblv#beb#ki_pbnbpbjh\Zlv#\k_#
f_lh^u/#dhlhju_#fh]ml#ijbf_gylvky#^ey#w nn_dlb\ghc#hqbkldb/#
^_abgn_dpbb#b#kl_jbebaZpbb/#Z#lZd`_#^jm]b_#f_lh^u/#bkihevam_fu_#
ijb#moh^_#aZ#iZpb_glZfb1#>Zggh_#jmdh\h^kl\h#fh`_l#^Zlv#lhevdh#
h[sb_#jmdh\h^ysb_#ijbgpbiu#^ey#hqbkldb/#^_abgn_dpbb#b#
kl_jbebaZpbb1#Hl\_lkl\_gghklv#aZ#bkihevah\Zgb_#w lbo#f_lh^h\/#bo#
^_ckl\_gghklv#b#w nn_dlb\ghklv#e_`bl#gZ#ihevah\Zl_e_1

Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
• G_#iulZcl_kv#m^Zeylv/#qbklblv#beb#ijhfu\Zlv#^Zlqbd#ihlhdZ#dZdbfb0
eb[h#`b^dhklyfb#beb#k`Zluf#\ha^mohf1
• Ihkdhevdm#]Za/#\^uoZ_fuc#iZpb_glhf/#khijbdZkZ_lky#k#g_dhlhjufb#
qZklyfb/#dhlhju_#fh]ml#\iblu\Zlv#kl_jbebamxsb_#\_s_kl\Z/#
dhfihg_glu#g_h[oh^bfh#kl_jbebah\Zlv#kh]eZkgh#f_lh^bd_/#
hibkZgghc#\#lZ[e1#$-41#Ba[ulhd#kl_jbebamxsbo#\_s_kl\#fh`_l#
khdjZlblv#kjhd#kem`[u#g_dhlhjuo#qZkl_c1
• DZd#fh`gh#hklhjh`g_c#h[jZsZcl_kv#k#nbevljZfb/#qlh[u#k\_klb#d#
fbgbfmfm#jbkd#bo#[Zdl_jbZevgh]h#aZjZ`_gby#beb#nbabq_kdh]h#
ih\j_`^_gby1
........

A-2
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 3 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

H[kem`b\Zgb_#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E A
..............................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#$-4=#HqbkldZ/#^_abgn_dpby#b#kl_jbebaZpby

Dhfihg_gl Ijhp_^mjZ Dhff_glZjbc

GZjm`gZy#qZklv# Ijhljbl_#\eZ`ghc#qbklhc# G_#iha\heycl_#`b^dhklb#ihiZ^Zlv#


ZiiZjZlZ#B<E# ljyidhc#k#fy]dbf#fhxsbf# \gmljv#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E1
+\dexqZy# kj_^kl\hf1#>ey#hqbkldb#
deZ\bZlmjm#b# deZ\bZlmju#bkihevamcl_#
^_j`Zl_ev# kij_c#+ghf_j#*03948:9033,1
dhglmjZ,

Ljm[db# Fgh]hjZah\u_=#JZa[_jbl_#b# ?keb#\#ljm[dZo#bf__lky#`b^dhklv/#


^uoZl_evgh]h# hqbklbl_/#aZl_f#kl_jbebamcl_# i_j_^#bkihevah\Zgb_f#ijh^mcl_#bo#k#
dhglmjZ \#Z\lhdeZ\_/#iZkl_jbamcl_#beb# ihfhsvx#k`Zlh]h#\ha^moZ1#Ijh\_jvl_#
obfbq_kdb#^_abgnbpbjmcl_1 gZebqb_#lj_sbg#b#jZaj_ah\#b#ijb#
H^ghjZah\u_=# h[gZjm`_gbb#aZf_gbl_#ljm[db1#Ihke_#
>_abgn_pbjmcl_#beb# fhglZ`Z#gh\h]h#^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ#
kl_jbebamcl_/#aZl_f# \uihegycl_#D<L#^ey#ijh\_jdb#ml_q_d1#
\u[jhkbl_1 Ijb#mklZgh\d_#b#hqbkld_#ke_^mcl_#
bgkljmdpbyf#ih#dhglmjm1

<gbfZgb_
Kl_jbebaZpby#\#Z\lhdeZ\_#fgh]hjZah\uo#^uoZl_evguo#dhglmjh\#
fh`_l#khdjZlblv#kjhd#kem`[u/#mf_gvrblv#]b[dhklv#b#\ua\Zlv#
h[_kp\_qb\Zgb_#+ih`_el_gb_,#ljm[db1

<eZ]hk[hjgbdb JZa[_jbl_#b#hqbklbl_/#aZl_f# Ijh\_jvl_#gZebqb_#lj_sbg/#ijb#bo#


kl_jbebamcl_#\#Z\lhdeZ\_/# h[gZjm`_gbb#aZf_gbl_#\eZ]hk[hjgbd1#
iZkl_jbamcl_#beb#obfbq_kdb# Ijb#mklZgh\d_#b#hqbkld_#ke_^mcl_#
^_abgnbpbjmcl_1 bgkljmdpbyf#ih#dhglmjm1

Kh_^bg_gby#b# Kl_jbebamcl_#\#Z\lhdeZ\_/# ?keb#\#ljm[dZo#bf__lky#`b^dhklv/#


jZat_fu iZkl_jbamcl_#beb#obfbq_kdb# i_j_^#bkihevah\Zgb_f#ijh^mcl_#bo#k#
^_abgnbpbjmcl_1 ihfhsvx#k`Zlh]h#\ha^moZ1#Ijh\_jvl_#
gZebqb_#lj_sbg#b#jZaj_ah\/#ijb#
h[gZjm`_gbb#aZf_gbl_#ljm[db1#Ijb#
mklZgh\d_#b#hqbkld_#ke_^mcl_#
bgkljmdpbyf#ih#dhglmjm1#
........

A-3
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 4 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

A H[kem`b\Zgb_#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#$-4=#HqbkldZ/#^_abgn_dpby#b#kl_jbebaZpby#+ijh^1,

Dhfihg_gl Ijhp_^mjZ Dhff_glZjbc

Dhee_dlhj JZa[_jbl_#b#hqbklbl_/#aZl_f# Ijh\_jvl_#gZebqb_#lj_sbg/#ijb#bo#


kl_jbebamcl_#\#Z\lhdeZ\_/# h[gZjm`_gbb#aZf_gbl_1
iZkl_jbamcl_#beb#obfbq_kdb#
^_abgnbpbjmcl_1

;Zdl_jbZevgu_# Fgh]hjZah\u_=#Kl_jbebaZpby# G_#bkihevamcl_#obfbq_kdmx#


nbevlju#\^hoZ#b# \#Z\lhdeZ\_1 ^_abgn_dpbx#beb#kl_jbebaZpbx#WLH#
\u^hoZ H^ghjZah\u_=# +w lbe_gl_ljhhdkb^hf,1#Ijh\_jycl_#
>_abgnbpbjmcl_#beb# khijhlb\e_gb_#nbevljZ#i_j_^#
kl_jbebamcl_/#aZl_f# ih\lhjguf#bkihevah\Zgb_f1#Ke_^mcl_#
\u[jhkbl_1 j_dhf_g^Zpbyf#ba]hlh\bl_ey#^ey#
ih\lhjgh]h#bkihevah\Zgby1

Nbevlj# Q_j_a#dZ`^u_#583#qZkh\#+beb# AZf_gbl_#w e_f_gl#nbevljZ#aZ]jyag_g#


hoeZ`^Zxs_]h# 4#f_kyp#bkihevah\Zgby,#beb# beb#aZdmihj_g#beb#\u^Z_lky#
\_glbeylhjZ ih#g_h[oh^bfhklb=#\ufhcl_# ij_^mij_`^_gb_#HOE1<?GLBEYLHJ#
beb#aZf_gbl_1 G?BKIJ1

Nbevlj# AZf_gycl_#q_j_a#dZ`^u_# AZf_gbl_/#dh]^Z#\u^Z_lky#


\ha^mohaZ[hj0 4333#qZkh\#+beb#6#f_kypZ# ij_^mij_`^_gb_#<HA>MOHA1#;EHD1#
gbdZ bkihevah\Zgby,#beb#ih# G_#iulZcl_kv#qbklblv#beb#fgh]hdjZlgh#
g_h[oh^bfhklb1 bkihevah\Zlv#nbevlj#
\ha^mohaZ[hjgbdZ1

>Zlqbd# DZ`^u_#5#]h^Z#beb#ih# NZdlbq_kdbc#kjhd#kem`[u#^ZlqbdZ#


dbkehjh^Z g_h[oh^bfhklb=#aZf_gycl_# aZ\bkbl#hl#hdjm`Zxs_c#kj_^u1#
^Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z#+aZf_gm# Nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_#ijb#\ukhdhc#
^he`_g#ijhba\h^blv# l_fi_jZlmj_#beb#ijb#ih\ur_gguo#
d\Zebnbpbjh\Zgguc# mjh\gyo#),25#khdjZsZ_l#kjhd#kem`[u#
k_j\bkguc#ki_pbZebkl#\# ^ZlqbdZ1
khhl\_lkl\bb#k# Bkihevamcl_#nmgdpbx#F?GX#
Jmdh\h^kl\hf#ih# K_j\bkgZy#k\h^dZ#^ey#hp_gdb#
h[kem`b\Zgbx#ZiiZjZlh\# hklZ\r_]hky#kjhdZ#kem`[u#^ZlqbdZ#
B<E#k_jbb#:33,1 dbkehjh^Z#b#nmgdpbx#DZeb[jh\dZ#
^Zlq1H5#^ey#dZeb[jh\db#^ZlqbdZ#
dbkehjh^Z1
........

A-4
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 5 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

H[kem`b\Zgb_#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E A
..............................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#$-4=#HqbkldZ/#^_abgn_dpby#b#kl_jbebaZpby#+ijh^1,

Dhfihg_gl Ijhp_^mjZ Dhff_glZjbc

<gmlj_ggyy# DZ`^u_#5#]h^Z#beb#ih# NZdlbq_kdbc#kjhd#kem`[u#


[ZlZj_y g_h[oh^bfhklb=#aZf_gycl_# hij_^_ey_lky#mkeh\byfb#
\gmlj_ggxx#[ZlZj_x# bkihevah\Zgby1
+aZf_gm#^he`_g#ijhba\h^blv#
d\Zebnbpbjh\Zgguc#
k_j\bkguc#ki_pbZebkl#\#
khhl\_lkl\bb#k#
Jmdh\h^kl\hf#ih#
h[kem`b\Zgbx#ZiiZjZlh\#
B<E#k_jbb#:33,1

Ijhqb_# Ke_^mcl_#bgkljmdpbyf#
ijbgZ^e_`gh0 ijhba\h^bl_ey1
klb

$1414##HqbkldZ=#h[sb_#ijbgpbiu
G_evay#qbklblv#beb#ih\lhjgh#bkihevah\Zlv#h^ghjZah\u_#dhfie_dlmxsb_#
qZklb1#>ey#qbkldb#ijbgZ^e_`ghkl_c#g_#bkihevamcl_#`_kldb_#s_ldb#beb#
^jm]b_#bgkljmf_glu/#dhlhju_#fh]ml#ih\j_^blv#bo#ih\_joghklv1
41 Ijhfhcl_#^_lZeb#\#l_iehc#\h^_#k#fy]dbf#fhxsbf#kj_^kl\hf1
51 LsZl_evgh#ijhihehsbl_#^_lZeb#\#qbklhc#l_iehc#\h^_#+\h^Z#ba#djZgZ#
y\ey_lky#ijb]h^ghc,#b#\uljbl_#gZkmoh1
61 NbjfZ#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#j_dhf_g^m_l#ijh\_jylv#\k_#
dhfie_dlmxsb_#^_lZeb#ijb#dZ`^hc#hqbkld_1#AZf_gycl_#ex[u_#
ih\j_`^_ggu_#qZklb1
71 <kydbc#jZa/#dh]^Z#\u#bkihevam_l_#gh\u_#ijbgZ^e_`ghklb#\#ZiiZjZl_#
B<E/#aZimkdZcl_#dhjhldbc#\gmlj_ggbc#l_kl#+D<L,1

<gbfZgb_
Ke_^mcl_#bgkljmdpbyf#ba]hlh\bl_ey#fhxs_]h#kj_^kl\Z1#Ijbf_g_gb_#
fhxs_]h#kj_^kl\Z#\#[hevrbo#h[t_fZo/#q_f#g_h[oh^bfh/#fh`_l#
khdjZlblv#kjhd#kem`[u#g_dhlhjuo#qZkl_c1#HklZlhd#fhxs_]h#kj_^kl\Z#
fh`_l#\ua\Zlv#iylgZ#beb#f_edb_#lj_sbgu/#hkh[_ggh#\#^_lZeyo/#
ih^\_j]Z_fuo#^_ckl\bx#\ukhdhc#l_fi_jZlmju#ijb#kl_jbebaZpbb1
........

A-5
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 6 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

A H[kem`b\Zgb_#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E
..........................................................................
$1415##>_abgn_dpby#b#kl_jbebaZpby
G_evay#^_abgnbpbjh\Zlv/#kl_jbebah\Zlv#beb#fgh]hdjZlgh#bkihevah\Zlv#
h^ghjZah\u_#dhfie_dlmxsb_#^_lZeb1#Kl_jbebamy#ljm[db/#k\hjZqb\Zcl_#bo#
\#\b^_#[hevrbo#dhe_p#^ey#ba[_`Zgby#i_j_]b[h\#beb#i_j_k_q_gby#ljm[hd1#
<gmlj_ggyy#ihehklv#ljm[db#^h#k\_jlu\Zgby#^he`gZ#[ulv#hqbs_gZ#hl#
ex[uo#\b^bfuo#dZi_ev1
<uihegbl_#ke_^mxsb_#^_ckl\by#+ihjy^hd#aZ\bkbl#hl#f_lh^Z#^_abgn_dpbb2
kl_jbebaZpbb/#dhlhjuc#\u#bkihevam_l_,=

Kl_jbebaZpby#\# Obfbq_kdZy#
Z\lhdeZ\_ ^_abgn_dpby

41#JZa[_jbl_ 41#JZa[_jbl_

51#Hqbklbl_ 51#Hqbklbl_

61#Ijh\_jvl_ 61#Ijh\_jvl_

71#Kh[_jbl_ 71#>_abgnbpbjmcl_

81#Kl_jbebamcl_ 81#Kh[_jbl_

91#AZimklbl_#D<L 91#AZimklbl_#D<L

<gbfZgb_
NhjfZev^_]b^#b#n_ghe0kh^_j`Zsb_#^_abgnbpbjmxsb_#\_s_kl\Z#g_#
j_dhf_g^mxlky/#ihkdhevdm#hgb#fh]ml#\ua\Zlv#lj_sbgu#b#s_eb#\#
ieZklfZkkh\uo#qZklyo1#>_abgn_dpby#k#bkihevah\Zgb_f#[hevrbo/#q_f#
g_h[oh^bfh/#dhgp_gljZpbc#\_s_kl\/#fh`_l#khdjZlblv#kjhd#kem`[u#
ijbgZ^e_`ghkl_c1#Qlh[u#ba[_`Zlv#ihy\e_gby#ih\j_`^_gbc#b#iyl_g#hl#
\ha^_ckl\by#\ukhdhc#l_fi_jZlmju/#lsZl_evgh#ijhihehsbl_#b#
\ukmrbl_#ijbgZ^e_`ghklb1#
........

A-6
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 7 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

H[kem`b\Zgb_#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E A
..............................................................................
$15##IjhnbeZdlbdZ
<#lZ[e1#$-5#ijb\h^ylky#\j_f_ggu_#bgl_j\Zeu#b#ijhp_^mju#ijhnbeZdlbdb1#
Hjb_glbjh\hqgh_#dhebq_kl\h#qZkh\/#hklZ\r__ky#^h#g_h[oh^bfhc#
ijhnbeZdlbdb/#hlh[jZ`Z_lky#\#hdg_#khh[s_gby#\h#\j_fy#kZfhl_klZ#
iblZgby#+3267,1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
>Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z#b#\gmlj_ggyy#[ZlZj_y#^he`gu#aZf_gylvky#
ijb[ebabl_evgh#dZ`^u_#5#]h^Z#+ijb#lbih\hf#bkihevah\Zgbb,1#<u#
fh`_l_#bkihevah\Zlv#deZ\brm#F?GX#^ey#ijhkfhljZ#k_j\bkguo#
^Zgguo/#dhlhju_#\dexqZxl#hklZ\r__ky#\j_fy#bkihevah\Zgby#^ZlqbdZ#
dbkehjh^Z#b#hp_gdm#\j_f_gb#^_ckl\by#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#gZ#l_dms_f#
aZjy^_#\gmlj_gg_c#[ZlZj_b>Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z#b#\gmlj_ggyy#[ZlZj_y#
^he`gu#aZf_gylvky#ijb[ebabl_evgh#dZ`^u_#5#]h^Z#+ijb#lbih\hf#
bkihevah\Zgbb,1#<u#fh`_l_#bkihevah\Zlv#deZ\brm#F?GX#^ey#
ijhkfhljZ#k_j\bkguo#^Zgguo/#dhlhju_#\dexqZxl#hklZ\r__ky#\j_fy#
bkihevah\Zgby#^ZlqbdZ#dbkehjh^Z#b#hp_gdm#\j_f_gb#^_ckl\by#
ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#gZ#l_dms_f#aZjy^_#\gmlj_gg_c#[ZlZj_b1#+H[#
bkihevah\Zgbb#deZ\brb#F?GX#kf1#i1 9#AZf_gZ#dhfihg_glh\#b#
\uiheg_gb_#ijhnbeZdlbdb#hibkZgZ#\#Jmdh\h^kl\_#ih#h[kem`b\Zgbx#
ZiiZjZlh\#B<E#k_jbb#:331,

<gbfZgb_
Qlh[u#ba[_`Zlv#ih\j_`^_gby#ijbgZ^e_`ghkl_c#ba0aZ#qj_af_jgh]h#
baghkZ/#k\h_\j_f_ggh#\uihegycl_#ijhnbeZdlbdm#b#aZf_gycl_#
ijbgZ^e_`ghklb#\#j_dhf_g^m_fu_#kjhdb1#Bkihevamy#bgnhjfZpbx#h#
lbih\uo#kjhdZo#kem`[u#beb#j_dhf_g^m_fuo#bgl_j\ZeZo/#fh`gh#
hij_^_eylv#h`b^Z_fu_#^Zlu#aZf_gu#^ey#\k_o#ijbgZ^e_`ghkl_c1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
Mgbqlh`Zcl_#\k_#qZklb/#m^Ze_ggu_#ba#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#\#oh^_#
ijhnbeZdlbq_kdbo#ijhp_^mj#\#khhl\_lkl\bb#k#ijZ\beZfb#\Zr_]h#
mqj_`^_gby1#Kl_jbebamcl_#i_j_^#g_jZajmrZxsbf#mgbqlh`_gb_f1#
Ijb#ijh\_^_gbb#mgbqlh`_gby#beb#pbdeZ#i_j_jZ[hldb#dhfihg_glh\#
mkljhckl\Z#ke_^mcl_#f_klguf#aZdhgh^Zl_evguf#ZdlZf#b#ieZgZf#
i_j_jZ[hldb#hloh^h\1
........

A-7
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 8 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

A H[kem`b\Zgb_#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#$-5=#I_jbh^bqghklv#ijh\_^_gby#ijhnbeZdlbdb

I_jbh^bqghklv IjbgZ^e_`ghklv IjhnbeZdlbdZ

?`_^g_\gh#beb#\# >uoZl_evguc# Ijh\_jvl_#gZ#gZebqb_#\h^u/#ijb#g_h[oh^bfhklb#


khhl\_lkl\bb#k# dhglmj=#ebgbb# \ukmrbl_#b#hqbklbl_1
ijZ\beZfb#\Zr_]h# \^hoZ#b#\u^hoZ
mqj_`^_gby
;Zdl_jbZevgu_# Bkihevamcl_#D<L#^ey#ijh\_jdb#khijhlb\e_gby#
nbevlju#\^hoZ#b# nbevljZ#\kydbc#jZa/#dh]^Z#mklZgZ\eb\Z_lky#gh\uc#
\u^hoZ nbevlj/#beb#_keb#\u#ih^haj_\Z_l_#ba[ulhqgh_#
khijhlb\e_gb_1

Dhee_dlhj#b# Ijh\_jvl_#b#ijb#g_h[oh^bfhklb#\ukmrbl_1
\eZ]hk[hjgbdb

Q_j_a#dZ`^u_#583# Nbevlj# Hqbklbl_1#AZf_gbl_/#_keb#nbevlj#baghr_g#beb#


qZkh\#beb#4#f_kyp# hoeZ`^Zxs_]h# \u^Z_lky#ij_^mij_`^_gb_#HOE1<?GLBEYLHJ#
jZ[hlu#+beb#qZs_/# \_glbeylhjZ G?BKIJ1
_keb#g_h[oh^bfh,

Q_j_a#dZ`^u_#4333# Nbevlj# AZf_gycl_#q_j_a#j_dhf_g^h\Zggu_#bgl_j\Zeu#


qZkh\#beb#6#f_kypZ# \ha^mohaZ[hj0 beb#ijb#\u^Zq_#ij_^mij_`^_gby#<HA>MOHA1#
jZ[hlu#+beb#qZs_/# gbdZ ;EHD1
_keb#g_h[oh^bfh,

?`_]h^gh#beb# Fgh]hdjZlgh# AZf_gbl_1#Kl_jbebamcl_#ihke_#dZ`^h]h#iZpb_glZ#


ihke_#433#pbdeh\# bkihevam_fu_# b#ijb#baf_g_gbb#dhglmjZ/#beb#kh]eZkgh#ijZ\beZf#
bkihevah\Zgby# [Zdl_jbZevgu_# \Zr_]h#mqj_`^_gby1#
Z\lhdeZ\Z nbevlju#\^hoZ#b# Kl_jbebamcl_#i_j_^#g_jZajmrZxsbf#
\u^hoZ mgbqlh`_gb_f1

Ih#g_h[oh^bfhklb >Zlqbd# <uihegycl_#dZeb[jh\dm#k#ihfhsvx#hipbb#


dbkehjh^Z DZeb[jh\dZ#^Zlq1H5#f_gx#>Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z#
+ih#deZ\br_#F?GX,1#+D\Zebnbpbjh\Zgguc#
k_j\bkguc#ki_pbZebkl#fh`_l#ijhkfhlj_lv#\#
k_j\bkghf#f_gx#hklZ\rbcky#kjhd#kem`[u#
^ZlqbdZ#dbkehjh^Z,1

DZ`^u_#5#]h^Z#beb# >Zlqbd# D\Zebnbpbjh\Zgguc#k_j\bkguc#ki_pbZebkl#


ih#g_h[oh^bfhklb dbkehjh^Z#b# fh`_l#ijhkfhlj_lv#\#k_j\bkghf#f_gx#
\gmlj_ggyy# hklZ\rbcky#kjhd#kem`[u#^ZlqbdZ#dbkehjh^Z1#
[ZlZj_y Ijb#g_h[oh^bfhklb#aZf_gbl_1
........

A-8
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 9 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

H[kem`b\Zgb_#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E A
..............................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#$-5=#I_jbh^bqghklv#ijh\_^_gby#ijhnbeZdlbdb#+ijh^1,

I_jbh^bqghklv IjbgZ^e_`ghklv IjhnbeZdlbdZ

DZ`^u_#5#]h^Z <_glbeylhj#\# <uihegbl_#ijh\_jdm#mkljhckl\Z/#hibkZggmx#\#


p_ehf i1 $151:1

Q_j_a#dZ`^u_# Ijhqb_# Bkihevamcl_#khhl\_lkl\mxsbc#dhfie_dl#^ey#


48#333#qZkh\ ijbgZ^e_`ghklb ijhnbeZdlbdb#+ijhnbeZdlbdZ#^he`gZ#
\uihegylvky#d\Zebnbpbjh\Zgguf#ki_pbZebklhf#
kh]eZkgh#bgkljmdpbyf#\#Jmdh\h^kl\_#ih#
h[kem`b\Zgbx#ZiiZjZlh\#B<E#k_jbb#:33,1

$1514##;Zdl_jbZevgu_#nbevlju#\^hoZ#b#\u^hoZ=#_`_^g_\gh#
beb#ih#g_h[oh^bfhklb#
<gbfZl_evgh#hkfZljb\Zcl_#b#ijh\_jycl_#khijhlb\e_gb_#q_j_a#nbevlju#
\^hoZ#b#\u^hoZ#i_j_^#dZ`^uf#ih\lhjguf#bkihevah\Zgb_f/#b#ihke_#48#^g_c#
g_ij_ju\gh]h#bkihevah\Zgby#\#ebgbb#\u^hoZ1#Ijb#dZ`^hf#baf_g_gbb#
dhglmjZ#kl_jbebamcl_#fgh]hjZah\u_#nbevlju#k#ihfhsvx#Z\lhdeZ\Z#beb#
f_gycl_#h^ghjZah\u_#nbevlju1
• Khijhlb\e_gb_#nbevljZ#[he__#7#kf+52#+7#]IZ,#ijb#ihlhd_#433#e2fbg#
fh`_l#k\b^_l_evkl\h\Zlv#h#aZdmihjd_#nbevljZ1#Nbevlju#fgh]hjZah\h]h#
bkihevah\Zgby#ijhkl_jbebamcl_#\#Z\lhdeZ\_#b#ijh\_jvl_#khijhlb\e_gb_#
kgh\Z1#?keb#khijhlb\e_gb_#nbevljZ#hklZ_lky#[he__#7#kf+52/#
\u[jZku\Zcl_#_]h1#H^ghjZah\u_#nbevlju#\u[jZku\Zcl_#b#aZf_gycl_#
gZ gh\u_1
• Khijhlb\e_gb_#nbevljZ#f_g__#4#kf+52#+4#]IZ,#ijb#ihlhd_#433#e2fbg#
fh`_l#k\b^_l_evkl\h\Zlv#h#ijhju\_#nbevljZ1#AZf_gbl_#nbevlj1
AZf_gycl_#fgh]hjZah\u_#nbevlju#g_#j_`_/#q_f#q_j_a#]h^#bkihevah\Zgby#
beb#q_j_a#433#pbdeh\#Z\lhdeZ\Z#+\#aZ\bkbfhklb#hl#lh]h/#qlh#ijhbahc^_l#
jZgvr_,1#Dh]^Z#\u#mklZgZ\eb\Z_l_#fgh]hjZah\uc#nbevlj/#aZibrbl_#
h`b^Z_fmx#^Zlm#aZf_gu#gZ#nbevlj_#b#\_^bl_#aZibkb#ih#mq_lm#dhebq_kl\Z#
pbdeh\#Z\lhdeZ\Z/#q_j_a#dhlhju_#ijhoh^bl#nbevlj1#H^ghjZah\u_#nbevlju#
\u[jZku\Zcl_#ijb#kf_g_#iZpb_glZ1
........

A-9
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 10 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

A H[kem`b\Zgb_#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E
..........................................................................
$1515##Dhee_dlhj=#_`_^g_\gh#beb#ih#g_h[oh^bfhklb
Ijb#dZ`^hf#baf_g_gbb#^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ#kl_jbebamcl_#\#Z\lhdeZ\_#
beb#^_abgnbpbjmcl_#dhee_dlhj1#AZiZl_glh\ZggZy#dhgkljmdpby#dhee_dlhjZ#
ih^^_j`b\Z_l#^Z\e_gb_#dhglmjZ#+fbgbfbabjm_l#ihl_jx#^Z\e_gby#J??J,#b#
ij_^hojZgy_l#dhg^_gkZl#hl#jZkiue_gby/#dh]^Z#\u#m^Zey_l_#dhee_dlhj#ba#
^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ1
?keb#dhee_dlhj#aZihegbeky/#hqbklbl_#_]h#ke_^mxsbf#h[jZahf=
41 Qlh[u#\ugmlv#dhee_dlhj#ba#^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ/#ih\_jgbl_#_]h#
ijhlb\#qZkh\hc#klj_edb1
51 Hqbklbl_#dhee_dlhj#dZd#ihdZaZgh#gZ#jbk1#$-41
61 MklZgh\bl_#hqbs_gguc#dhee_dlhj=#ih\_jgbl_#ih#qZkh\hc#klj_ed_#^ey#
mklZgh\db#_]h#gZ#f_klh#b#\gh\v#hldjhcl_#^hklmi#d ^uoZl_evghfm#
dhglmjm1

7-00076

Jbk1#$-41##MklZgh\dZ2m^Ze_gb_#dhee_dlhjD#
........

A-10
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 11 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

H[kem`b\Zgb_#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E A
..............................................................................
$1516##<eZ]hk[hjgbdb=#_`_^g_\gh#beb#ih#g_h[oh^bfhklb#
Ijhkmrbl_/#_keb#g_h[oh^bfh1

$1517##DZeb[jh\dZ#^ZlqbdZ#dbkehjh^Z=#ijb#g_h[oh^bfhklb#
<ua\Z\#k#ihfhsvx#deZ\brb#F?GX#nmgdpbx#>Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z/#\u[_jbl_#
hipbx#DZeb[jh\dZ#^Zlq1#H5#^ey#\uiheg_gby#^\molhq_qghc#dZeb[jh\db#
^ZlqbdZ#dbkehjh^Z#\#ex[h_#\j_fy/#dh]^Z#ohlbl_#ijh\_jblv#ijZ\bevghklv#
jZ[hlu#^ZlqbdZ1#DZeb[jh\dm#^ZlqbdZ#dbkehjh^Z#fh`gh#ijh\h^blv#lhevdh#
g_f_^e_ggh#ihke_#\dexq_gby#iblZgby/#i_j_^#ih^dexq_gb_f#iZpb_glZ1#
+H[#bkihevah\Zgbb#deZ\brb#F?GX#jZkkdZau\Z_lky#\#i1 91,

$1518##Nbevlj#hoeZ`^Zxs_]h#\_glbeylhjZ=#q_j_a#dZ`^u_#
583#qZkh\#+beb#jZa#\#f_kyp,#
41 Kgbfbl_#djurdm#hoeZ`^Zxs_]h#\_glbeylhjZ#gZ#aZ^g_c#iZg_eb/#
hkeZ[eyy#^\Z#\bglZ#+kf1#jbk1#$-5,1
51 Kgbfbl_#nbevlj#hoeZ`^Zxs_]h#\_glbeylhjZ/#ijhfhcl_#_]h#\#fy]dhf#
fhxs_f#kj_^kl\_/#ohjhrh#ijhihehsbl_/#aZl_f#\uljbl_#gZkmoh1#?keb#
nbevlj#baghr_g#beb#aZdmihj_g/#beb#\u^Z_lky#ij_^mij_`^_gb_#
HOE1<?GLBEYLHJ#G?BKI1/#aZf_gbl_#_]h1
61 MklZgh\bl_#nbevlj#hoeZ`^Zxs_]h#\_glbeylhjZ#ih^#djurdm#
hoeZ`^Zxs_]h#\_glbeylhjZ1
71 AZdjhcl_#djurdm#b#aZ\_jgbl_#^\Z#\bglZ#+kf1 jbk1#$-5,1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
Qbklbl_#nbevlj#g_#j_`_#q_f/#q_j_a#dZ`^u_#583#qZkh\#+beb#h^bg#f_kyp#
bkihevah\Zgby,/#Z#lZd`_#ih#g_h[oh^bfhklb#beb#dh]^Z#ZiiZjZl#B<E#
\u^Z_l#ij_^mij_`^_gb_#HOE1<?GLBEYLHJ#G?BKI1#+G_dhlhju_#
mkeh\by#hdjm`Zxs_c#kj_^u#fh]ml#\uau\Zlv#[he__#[ukljh_#
aZiue_gb_1,
........

A-11
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 12 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

A H[kem`b\Zgb_#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E
..........................................................................

DjurdZ HoeZ`^Zxsbc#
\_glbeylhj
7-00077

Jbk1#$-51##DjurdZ#hoeZ`^Zxs_]h#\_glbeylhjZ

$1519##Nbevlj#\ha^mohaZ[hjgbdZ=#q_j_a#dZ`^u_#4333qZkh\#
+beb#ljb#f_kypZ#bkihevah\Zgby,#
41 Qlh[u#kgylv#djurdm#\ha^mohaZ[hjgbdZ/#hl\_jgbl_#^\Z#\bglZ#k#
gZdZlghc#]heh\dhc#+kf1#jbk1#$-6,1
51 <u[jhkbl_#bkihevah\Zgguc#nbevlj#\ha^mohaZ[hjgbdZ1

<gbfZgb_
G_#iulZcl_kv#qbklblv#beb#fgh]hdjZlgh#bkihevah\Zlv#nbevlj#
\ha^mohaZ[hjgbdZ1

61 MklZgh\bl_#\#ZiiZjZl#B<E#gh\uc#nbevlj#\ha^mohaZ[hjgbdZ1
71 MklZgh\bl_#gZ#f_klh#djurdm#\ha^mohaZ[hjgbdZ/#m[_^b\rbkv#\#lhf/#
qlh#ijhj_ab#\ha^mohaZ[hjgbdZ#gZijZ\e_gu#\gba/#b#aZ\_jgbl_#\bglu1
........

A-12
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 13 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

H[kem`b\Zgb_#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E A
..............................................................................
IJBF?Q:GB?=
AZf_gycl_#nbevlj#g_#j_`_/#q_f#q_j_a#dZ`^u_#4333#qZkh\#+beb#ljb#
f_kypZ#bkihevah\Zgby,/#Z#lZd`_#ih#g_h[oh^bfhklb#beb#dh]^Z#ZiiZjZl#
B<E#\u^Z_l#ij_^mij_`^_gb_#<HA>MOHA1#;EHD1#+G_dhlhju_#
mkeh\by#hdjm`Zxs_c#kj_^u#fh]ml#\uau\Zlv#[he__#[ukljh_#
aZiue_gb_1,

IJBF?Q:GB?=
>ey#ij_^hl\jZs_gby#lj_\h]b#<HA>MOHA:;1HLKML1#m[_^bl_kv/#qlh#
nbevlj#ijZ\bevgh#mklZgh\e_g1#

Nbevlj
\ha^mohaZ[hjgbdZ#

DjurdZ#
\ha^mohaZ[hjgbdZ#

7-00078

Jbk1#$-61##Nbevlj#\ha^mohaZ[hjgbdZ

$151:##Ijh\_jdZ#[_ahiZkghklb=#dZ`^u_#5#]h^Z
NbjfZ#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#j_dhf_g^m_l#dZ`^u_#5#]h^Z#\uihegylv#
ke_^mxsb_#ijh\_jdb=
41 Hkfhljbl_#\g_rgbc#\b^#ZiiZjZl#B<E#gZ#ij_^f_l#f_oZgbq_kdbo#beb#
\g_rgbo#ih\j_`^_gbc/#\uau\Z_fuo#f_oZgbq_kdbfb#m^ZjZfb#
+gZijbf_j/#iZ^_gb_f,1#Ex[h_#y\gh_#ih\j_`^_gb_#hagZqZ_l#
hljbpZl_evguc#j_amevlZl#w lhc#ijh\_jdb1
........

A-13
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 14 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

A H[kem`b\Zgb_#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E
..........................................................................
51 M[_^bl_kv#\#lhf/#qlh#ZiiZjZl#B<E#nmgdpbhgbjm_l#ijZ\bevgh/#lZd#dZd#
hibkZgh#\#^Zgghf#jmdh\h^kl\_1
61 Ijh\_jvl_#ijZ\bevghklv#nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgby#a\mdh\uo#b#\bamZevguo#
lj_\h]/#dZd#hibkZgh#\#ijbe1 (1
71 Ijh\_jvl_#yjeudb#gZ#m^h[hqblZ_fhklv1
AZibrbl_#w lb#^Zggu_#\#`mjgZe#h[hjm^h\Zgby1#?keb#ijb#ijh\_^_gbb#
ijh\_jdb#‹#4#0#6#ijhbahr_e#k[hc/#ij_djZlbl_#bkihevah\Zgb_#ZiiZjZlZ#
B<E1#Ihjmqbl_#h[kem`b\Zgb_#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#d\Zebnbpbjh\Zgghfm#
k_j\bkghfm#ki_pbZebklm#b#\uihegbl_#ihegmx#ijh\_jdm#
nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgby/#dZd#mdZaZgh#\#Jmdh\h^kl\_#ih#h[kem`b\Zgbx#
ZiiZjZlh\#B<E#k_jbb#:331#?keb#k[hc#ijhbahr_e#ijb#ijh\_jd_#‹#7/#
mklZgh\bl_#yjeudb#\#khhl\_lkl\bb#k#Jmdh\h^kl\hf#ih#h[kem`b\Zgbx1

$151;##OjZg_gb_
?keb#\u#g_#bkihevam_l_#ZiiZjZl#B<E#\#l_q_gb_#dhjhldh]h#kjhdZ#+43 ^g_c#
beb#f_g__,/#hklZ\eycl_#_]h#\#j_`bf_#h`b^Zgby#+kf1#i1 6,#b hlkh_^bgbl_#hl#
g_]h#bklhqgbd#dbkehjh^Z/#_keb#\u#g_#ieZgbjm_l_#w dklj_ggh#gZqbgZlv#
\_glbeypbx1
?keb#\u#kh[bjZ_l_kv#ojZgblv#ZiiZjZl#B<E#[_a#bkihevah\Zgby#\#l_q_gb_#
r_klb#f_kyp_\#beb#[he__/#nbjfZ#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#j_dhf_g^m_l/#qlh[u#
d\Zebnbpbjh\Zgguc#k_j\bkguc#ki_pbZebkl#kgye#\gmlj_ggxx#[ZlZj_x#
+kh]eZkgh#bgkljmdpbyf#\#Jmdh\h^kl\_#ih#h[kem`b\Zgbx#ZiiZjZlh\#B<E#
k_jbb#:33,#b#aZl_f#hlkh_^bgbe#\g_rgxx#[ZlZj_x1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
Lj_\h]Z#IHL?JY#G:IJY@?GBY#IBL:GBY#[m^_l#a\mqZlv#\#l_q_gb_#
5#fbgml#ihke_#lh]h/#dZd#\u#hldexqbeb#iblZgb_#b#[ZlZj_b1#

$151<##MiZdh\dZ
?keb#g_h[oh^bfh#miZdh\Zlv#ZiiZjZl#B<E/#ih#\hafh`ghklb#bkihevamcl_#l_#
miZdh\u\Zxsb_#fZl_jbZeu/#\#dhlhjuo#hg#ihklZ\eyeky1#?keb#hgb#g_#
^hklmigu/#aZdZ`bl_#gh\uc#dhfie_dl#miZdh\hqguo#fZl_jbZeh\1
;he__#ih^jh[gu_#bgkljmdpbb#kf1#\#Jmdh\h^kl\_#ih#h[kem`b\Zgbx#
ZiiZjZlh\#B<E#k_jbb#:331
........

A-14
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 1 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo#
Ijbeh`_gb_

qZkl_c % B
.............................................................................
<#w lhf#ijbeh`_gbb#ijb\_^_g#kibkhd#ghf_jh\#dhfie_dlmxsbo#qZkl_c#
ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#k_jbb#:331#GZ#jbk1 %-4#ihdZaZgu#dhfie_dlmxsb_#qZklb#
ZiiZjZlZ#B<E/#khhl\_lkl\mxsb_#ghf_jZf#\#lZ[e1 %-41

IJBF?Q:GB?=
Ohly#nbjfZ#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#%HQQHWW#g_#ij_^eZ]Z_l#h^ghjZah\u_#
^uoZl_evgu_#dhglmju#^ey#bkihevah\Zgby#k#ZiiZjZlhf#B<E#k_jbb#:33/#
ZiiZjZl#ijhl_klbjh\Zg#b#m^h\e_l\hjy_l#ki_pbnbdZpbyf#lZ[e1 &-8#ijb#
bkihevah\Zgbb#h^ghjZah\uo#dhglmjh\#nbjfu#%D[WHU#+HDOWKFDUH#
&RUSRUDWLRQ1#Ih#\hijhkm#ijbh[j_l_gby#w lbo#dhglmjh\#h[jZsZcl_kv#d#
ij_^klZ\bl_ex#nbjfu#%D[WHU#0HGLFDO1

........

B-1
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 2 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

B Ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo#qZkl_c
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#%-4=#Dhfie_dlmxsb_#qZklb#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E

i2i GZa\Zgb_ Ghf_j

4 >uoZl_evguc#dhglmj/#\ajhkeuc/#fgh]hjZah\uc1# *039453;033
<dexqZ_l=
Ljm[dZ/#\ajhkeZy/#4530kf#+5#rl1, *039476<033
Ljm[dZ/#\ajhkeZy/#730kf#+5#rl1, *0394773033
Ljm[dZ/#\ajhkeZy/#480kf *0394774033
Ljhcgbd/#\ajhkeuc *0394:4;033
Ljhcgbd/#\ajhkeuc/#k#l_fi_jZlmjguf#ihjlhf *039453<05:
<eZ]hk[hjgbd/#\kljh_gguc#+5#rl1, *0394546033
:^Zil_j/#\bedZ#550ff#[#\bedZ#550ff *03947;6033
Djhgrl_cg#^ey#ljm[db *0394547033
Bgkljmdpbb#ih#bkihevah\Zgbx/#^uoZl_evguc#dhglmj#k_jbb# *0394;88033
:332;33/#\ajhkeuc

>uoZl_evguc#dhglmj/#\ajhkeuc/#fgh]hjZah\uc/#k#gZ]j_\hf/#^ey# *0394568033
m\eZ`gbl_ey#)LVKHU#)#3D\NHO1-
<dexqZ_l=
Ljm[dZ/#\ajhkeZy/#480kf *0394774033
Ljm[dZ/#\ajhkeZy/#4830kf#+5#rl1, *039476;033
Ljhcgbd/#\ajhkeuc#k#l_fi_jZlmjguf#ihjlhf *039453<033
:^Zil_j/#\bedZ#550ff#[#\bedZ#550ff *03947;6033
Djhgrl_cg#^ey#ljm[db *0394547033
:^Zil_j/#gZ]j_\Zl_ev#reZg]Z *039476:033
>\hcghc#l_fi_jZlmjguc#^Zlqbd *03947:<033
GZ]j_\Zl_ev/#ebgby#\^hoZ *0394769033
GZ]j_\Zl_ev/#ebgby#\u^hoZ *0394768033
Ijh\h^#^ey#ijhly`db#gZ]j_\Zl_evghc#gblb/#4/8#f *03947:;033
Bgkljmdpbb#ih#bkihevah\Zgbx/#^uoZl_evguc#dhglmj#k_jbb# *0394;8:033
:332;33/#\ajhkeuc/#k#gZ]j_\hf#
-#G_#ihdZaZgh
........

B-2
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 3 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo#qZkl_c B
..............................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#%-4=#Dhfie_dlmxsb_#qZklb#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#+ijh^1,

i2i GZa\Zgb_ Ghf_j

4 >uoZl_evguc#dhglmj/#i_^bZljbq_kdbc/#fgh]hjZah\uc1-# *0394556033
+ijh^1, <dexqZ_l=
Ljm[dZ/#i_^bZljbq_kdZy/#4530kf#+5#rl1, *0394785033
Ljm[dZ/#i_^bZljbq_kdZy/#730kf#+5#rl1, *0394786033
Ljm[dZ/#i_^bZljbq_kdZy/#480kf# *0394787033
Ljhcgbd/#i_^bZljbq_kdbc/#ijyfhc *03947;3033
<eZ]hk[hjgbd/#\kljh_gguc#+5#rl1, *0394546033
:^Zil_j/#\bedZ#550ff2jha_ldZ#480ff/#k#l_fi_jZlmjguf# *03947;5033
ihjlhf
:^Zil_j/#\bedZ#550ff2jha_ldZ#480ff# *03947;4033
Djhgrl_cg#^ey#ljm[db *0394547033
:^Zil_j/#\bedZ#550ff#o#jha_ldZ480ff 70<33058067
:^Zil_j/#\bedZ#480ff#o#jha_ldZ#430ff 70<33058066
Bgkljmdpbb#ih#bkihevah\Zgbx/#^uoZl_evguc#dhglmj#k_jbb# *0394;89033
:332;33/#i_^bZljbq_kdbc#

>uoZl_evguc#dhglmj/#i_^bZljbq_kdbc/#fgh]hjZah\uc/# *039456:033
k gZ]j_\hf/#^ey#m\eZ`gbl_ey#)LVKHU#)#3D\NHO1-
<dexqZ_l=
Ljm[dZ/#i_^bZljbq_kdZy/#480kf# *0394787033
Ljm[dZ/#i_^bZljbq_kdZy/#4830kf#+5#rl1, *0394784033
Ljhcgbd/#i_^bZljbq_kdbc/#ijyfhc *03947;3033
:^Zil_j/#\bedZ#550ff#o#jha_ldZ#480ff# 70<33054067
Djhgrl_cg#^ey#ljm[db *0394547033
:^Zil_j/#gZ]j_\Zl_ev#reZg]Z *039476:033
>\hcghc#l_fi_jZlmjguc#^Zlqbd *03947:<033
GZ]j_\Zl_ev/#ebgby#\^hoZ *0394769033
GZ]j_\Zl_ev/#ebgby#\u^hoZ *0394768033
Ijh\h^#^ey#ijhly`db#gZ]j_\Zl_evghc#gblb/#4/8#f *03947:;033
:^Zil_j/#\bedZ#550ff2jha_ldZ#480ff/#k#l_fi_jZlmjguf# *03947;5033
ihjlhf
:^Zil_j/#\bedZ#550ff2jha_ldZ#480ff# *03947;4033
:^Zil_j/#\bedZ#480ff2jha_ldZ#430ff 70<33058066
Bgkljmdpbb#ih#bkihevah\Zgbx/#^uoZl_evguc#dhglmj#k_jbb# *0394;8;033
:332;33/#i_^bZljbq_kdbc/#k#gZ]j_\hf#
-#G_#ihdZaZgh
........

B-3
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 4 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

B Ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo#qZkl_c
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#%-4=#Dhfie_dlmxsb_#qZklb#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#+ijh^1,

i2i GZa\Zgb_ Ghf_j

5 >_j`Zl_ev#dhglmjZ 70365339033

6 Rgmj#iblZgby#^ey#K_\_jghc#:f_jbdb#b#Yihgbb *0394574033

Rgmj#iblZgby#^ey#:\kljZebb *0394575033

Rgmj#iblZgby#^ey#dhglbg_glZevghc#?\jhiu *0394576033

Rgmj#iblZgby#^ey#>Zgbb *0394577033

Rgmj#iblZgby#^ey#Bg^bb2X`ghc#:njbdb#+klZjuc#jZat_f# *039457:033
klZg^ZjlZ#<_ebdh[jblZgbb#k#djm]ehc#\bedhc,

Rgmj#iblZgby#^ey#BajZbey *039457;033

Rgmj#iblZgby#^ey#BlZebb *0394578033

Rgmj#iblZgby#^ey#R\_cpZjbb *0394579033

Rgmj#iblZgby#^ey#<_ebdh[jblZgbb *0393468033

7 ReZg]#dbkehjh^Z#\#k[hj_/#jha_ldZ#',66#+^ey#KR:#b#Yihgbb, 703347:7033

ReZg]#dbkehjh^Z#\#k[hj_/#\bedZ#',66#+^ey#DZgZ^u, *039459<033

ReZg]#dbkehjh^Z#\#k[hj_/#1,67#+^ey#<_ebdh[jblZgbb, *0394534033

ReZg]#dbkehjh^Z#\#k[hj_/#$LU#/LTXLGH#+^ey#NjZgpbb, *03944<3033

Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
<#k\yab#k#l_f/#qlh#d#w lhfm#reZg]m#ij_^ty\eyxlky##[he__#kljh]b_#h]jZgbq_gby/##
mjh\_gv#)L25##fh`_l#ihgb`Zlvky#ijb#ih\ur_gbb##^Z\e_gby#dbkehjh^gh]h#
ihjlZ#?#83#SVL#+678#dIZ,1#>ey#h[_ki_q_gby#g_h[oh^bfh]h#mjh\gy#)L25#
m[_^bl_kv#\#lhf/#qlh#^Z\e_gb_#dbkehjh^gh]h#ihjlZ#≥ 83#SVL#+678#dIZ,1

ReZg]#dbkehjh^Z#\#k[hj_#^ey#:\kljZebb *03944<;033
-#G_#ihdZaZgh
........

B-4
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 5 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo#qZkl_c B
..............................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#%-4=#Dhfie_dlmxsb_#qZklb#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#+ijh^1,

i2i GZa\Zgb_ Ghf_j

7 Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
+ijh^1,
<#k\yab#k#l_f/#qlh#d#w lhfm#reZg]m#ij_^ty\eyxlky##[he__#kljh]b_#h]jZgbq_gby/##
mjh\_gv#),25#fh`_l#ihgb`Zlvky#ijb#ih\ur_gbb##^Z\e_gby#dbkehjh^gh]h#
ihjlZ#?#83#SVL#+678#dIZ,1#>ey#h[_ki_q_gby#g_h[oh^bfh]h#mjh\gy#),25#
m[_^bl_kv#\#lhf/#qlh#^Z\e_gb_#dbkehjh^gh]h#ihjlZ ≥#83SVL#+678#dIZ,1

ReZg]#dbkehjh^Z#\#k[hj_/#Dräger#+^ey#=_jfZgbb, 8035<38<033

Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
<#k\yab#k#l_f/#qlh#d#w lhfm#reZg]m#ij_^ty\eyxlky##[he__#kljh]b_#h]jZgbq_gby/##
mjh\_gv#),25#fh`_l#ihgb`Zlvky#ijb#ih\ur_gbb##^Z\e_gby#dbkehjh^gh]h#
ihjlZ#?#83#SVL#+678#dIZ,1#>ey#h[_ki_q_gby#g_h[oh^bfh]h#mjh\gy#),25#
m[_^bl_kv#\#lhf/#qlh#^Z\e_gb_#dbkehjh^gh]h#ihjlZ ≥#83SVL#+678#dIZ,1

8 Dhfie_dl#\g_rg_c#[ZlZj_b#+\dexqZ_l#\g_rgxx#[ZlZj_x#b# *0394473033
nmleyj,

9 AZjy^gh_#mkljhckl\h#\g_rg_c#[ZlZj_b#^ey#K_\_jghc#:f_jbdb#b# *0394593033
Yihgbb-

AZjy^gh_#mkljhckl\h#\g_rg_c#[ZlZj_b#^ey#:\kljZebb- *0394594033

AZjy^gh_#mkljhckl\h#\g_rg_c#[ZlZj_b#^ey#dhglbg_glZevghc# *0394833033
?\jhiu-

AZjy^gh_#mkljhckl\h#\g_rg_c#[ZlZj_b#^ey#>Zgbb- *0394834033

AZjy^gh_#mkljhckl\h#\g_rg_c#[ZlZj_b#^ey#Bg^bb2X`ghc# *0394837033
:njbdb#+klZjuc#jZat_f#klZg^ZjlZ#<_ebdh[jblZgbb#k#djm]ehc#
\bedhc,-

AZjy^gh_#mkljhckl\h#\g_rg_c#[ZlZj_b#^ey#BajZbey- *0394838033

AZjy^gh_#mkljhckl\h#\g_rg_c#[ZlZj_b#^ey#BlZebb- *0394835033

AZjy^gh_#mkljhckl\h#\g_rg_c#[ZlZj_b#^ey#R\_cpZjbb- *0394836033

AZjy^gh_#mkljhckl\h#\g_rg_c#[ZlZj_b#^ey#<_ebdh[jblZgbb- *03947<<033
-#G_#ihdZaZgh
........

B-5
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 6 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

B Ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo#qZkl_c
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#%-4=#Dhfie_dlmxsb_#qZklb#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#+ijh^1,

i2i GZa\Zgb_ Ghf_j

: Dhee_dlhj#\#k[hj_1#<dexqZ_l= *0394554033

; Dhee_dlhj 00

< Ljm[dZ#\ajhkeZy/#48#kf#+kh_^bgy_l#dhee_dlhj#k#nbevljhf#\u^hoZ, *0394774033

43 ;Zdl_jbZevguc#nbevlj#\^hoZ/#550ff#,62#kh_^bgbl_ev/# 703:7934033
h^ghjZah\uc#+'2)OH[/#dZjlhg#45,

;Zdl_jbZevguc#nbevlj#\^hoZ/#550ff#,62#kh_^bgbl_ev/# 703:7933033
fgh]hjZah\uc#+5H2)OH[/#dZ`^uc,

44 ;Zdl_jbZevguc#nbevlj#\u^hoZ/#fgh]hjZah\uc# *0393858033
+5H2;:33/#dZ`^uc,-

;Zdl_jbZevguc#nbevlj#\u^hoZ/#h^ghjZah\uc# *0393859033
+'2;:/#dZjlhg#45,

45 Nbevlj#hoeZ`^Zxs_]h#\_glbeylhjZ#+9#rlmd#\#miZdh\d_,- *0394596033

46 Nbevlj#\ha^mohaZ[hjgbdZ#+9#rlmd#\#miZdh\d_,- *0394595033

47 FhglZ`guc#dhfie_dl#ihedb/#^ey#bkihevah\Zgby#k#m\eZ`gbl_e_f# *03945:<033
)LVKHU#)#3D\NHO1#<dexqZ_l#i148#b#h^bg#ba#w e_f_glh\#i1491-

FhglZ`guc#dhfie_dl#ihedb/#^ey#bkihevah\Zgby#k#m\eZ`gbl_e_f# *0394934033
+XGVRQ#5&,#&RQFKD7KHUP1#<dexqZ_l#i148#b#h^bg#ba#w e_f_glh\#
i1491-

48 Djhgrl_cg/#dhee_dlhj/#^ey#fhglZ`Z#gZ#ihed_- *03945;<033

49 FhglZ`guc#dhfie_dl#^ey#m\eZ`gbl_ey/#)LVKHU#)#3D\NHO/#lhevdh# *0394935033
^ey#fhglZ`Z#gZ#ihed_-

Djhgrl_cg/#m\eZ`gbl_ev/#+XGVRQ#5&,#&RQFKD7KHUP/#lhevdh#^ey# *0394936033
fhglZ`Z#gZ#ihed_-
-#G_#ihdZaZgh
........

B-6
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 7 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo#qZkl_c B
..............................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#%-4=#Dhfie_dlmxsb_#qZklb#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#+ijh^1,

i2i GZa\Zgb_ Ghf_j

4: Dhfie_dl#^ey#fhglZ`Z#gZ#l_e_`dH/#\dexqZy#fhglZ`#m\eZ`gbl_ey# *03948;4033
)LVKHU#)#3D\NHO

Dhfie_dl#^ey#fhglZ`Z#gZ#l_e_`dH/#\dexqZy#fhglZ`#m\eZ`gbl_ey# *03948;5033
+XGVRQ#5&,#&RQFKD7KHUP-

Kbkl_fZ#i_j_f_s_gby#(DV\&DUW#+[ukljhijbkh_^bgy_fuc#d# *0394:5:033
klZg^Zjlguf#dj_keZf#gZ#dhe_kZo/#aZdZa#fhglZ`gh]h#dhfie_dlZ#
m\eZ`gbl_ey#hl^_evgh,-

FhglZ`guc#dhfie_dl/#(DV\&DUW/#m\eZ`gbl_ev#)LVKHU#)#3D\NHO- *039455:033

FhglZ`guc#dhfie_dl/#(DV\&DUW/#m\eZ`gbl_ev#+XGVRQ#5&,- *039455;033

Dhfie_dl#^ey#jmqgh]h#fh[bevgh]h#kh_^bg_gby#(DV\&DUW#+^ey# *0394;78033
kludh\db#(DV\&DUW#k#g_klZg^Zjlgufb#dj_keZfb#gZ#dhe_kZo,-

4; FhglZ`guc#dhfie_dl/#dhee_dlhj/#^ey#fhglZ`Z#gZ#l_e_`d_ *0394457033

4< FhglZ`guc#dhfie_dl/#m\eZ`gbl_ev/#)LVKHU#)#3D\NHO/#^ey# *039455:033


fhglZ`Z#gZ#l_e_`d_

FhglZ`guc#dhfie_dl/#m\eZ`gbl_ev/#+XGVRQ#5&,#&RQFKD7KHUP/# *039455;033
^ey#fhglZ`Z#gZ#l_e_`d_-

53 L_klh\h_#e_]dh_ 70333945033

54 Dhfie_dl#m\eZ`gbl_ey/#)LVKHU#)#3D\NHO#05:63 *0394565033
-
55 Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ#^ey#k_jbb#:33/#gZ#q_rkdhf#yaud_ *0394<;;033

Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ#^ey#k_jbb#:33/#gZ#]heeZg^kdhf#yaud_- *0394<;<033

Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ#^ey#k_jbb#:33/#gZ#Zg]ebckdhf#yaud_- *0394;:7033

Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ#^ey#k_jbb#:33/#gZ#Zg]ebckdhf#yaud_-# *0393476033
+lhevdh#^ey#<_ebdh[jblZgbb,

Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ#^ey#k_jbb#:33/#gZ#njZgpmakdhf#yaud_- *0394<;4033

Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ#^ey#k_jbb#:33/#gZ#g_f_pdhf#yaud_- *0394<;3033
-#G_#ihdZaZgh
........

B-7
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 8 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

B Ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo#qZkl_c
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#%-4=#Dhfie_dlmxsb_#qZklb#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#+ijh^1,

i2i GZa\Zgb_ Ghf_j

22 Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ#^ey#k_jbb#:33/#gZ#blZevygkdhf#yaud_- *0394<;5033
+ijh^1,
Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ#^ey#k_jbb#:33/#gZ#yihgkdhf#yaud_- *0394<;:033
-
Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ#^ey#k_jbb#:33/#gZ#ihevkdhf#yaud_ *0394<;8033

Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ#^ey#k_jbb#:33/#gZ#ihjlm]Zevkdhf#yaud_- *0394<;7033

Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ#^ey#k_jbb#:33/#gZ#jmkkdhf#yaud_- *0394<;9033

Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ#^ey#k_jbb#:33/#gZ#bkiZgkdhf#yaud_- *0394<;6033
-
56 Jmdh\h^kl\h#ih#h[kem`b\Zgbx/#gZ#Zg]ebckdhf#yaud_ *0394;:8033

Jmdh\h^kl\h#ih#h[kem`b\Zgbx/#gZ#yihgkdhf#yaud_- *0394<<6033

Jmdh\h^kl\h#ih#h[kem`b\Zgbx/#gZ#ihevkdhf#yaud_- *0394<<5033

Jmdh\h^kl\h#ih#h[kem`b\Zgbx/#gZ#jmkkdhf#yaud_- *0394<<4033

57 >Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z1#+D\Zebnbpbjh\Zgguc#k_j\bkguc#ki_pbZebkl# *0394476033
^he`_g#aZf_gylv#q_j_a#dZ`^u_#5#]h^Z#beb#ih#g_h[oh^bfhklb,-

58 <gmlj_ggyy#[ZlZj_y1#+D\Zebnbpbjh\Zgguc#k_j\bkguc# *039446<033
ki_pbZebkl#^he`_g#aZf_gylv#q_j_a#dZ`^u_#5#]h^Z#beb#ih#
g_h[oh^bfhklb,-

59 Dhfie_dl#^ey#483330qZkh\hc#ijhnbeZdlbdb1#+IjhnbeZdlbdm# *0394499033
^he`_g#\uihegylv#d\Zebnbpbjh\Zgguc#k_j\bkguc#ki_pbZebkl,-

5: Dhfie_dl#^ey#633330qZkh\hc#ijhnbeZdlbdb1#+IjhnbeZdlbdm# *039449:033
^he`_g#\uihegylv#d\Zebnbpbjh\Zgguc#k_j\bkguc#ki_pbZebkl,-

5; :w jhahev#^ey#hqbkldb#deZ\bZlmju- *03948:9033

5< >hihegbl_evguc#dhfie_dl#^ey#k\yav#k_jbb#:33#+Hg#^he`_g# *0394;64033


mklZgZ\eb\Zlvky#d\Zebnbpbjh\Zgguf#k_j\bkguf#
ki_pbZebklhf,-
-#G_#ihdZaZgh
........

B-8
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 9 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo#qZkl_c B
..............................................................................

10

18
1

3
4
20 9
7
8

19
21

17

5
7-00079

Jbk1#%-41##IjbgZ^e_`ghklb#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E
........

B-9
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 10 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

B Ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo#qZkl_c
..........................................................................
........

B-10
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 1 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ijbeh`_gb_

Ki_pbnbdZpbb & C
.............................................................................
Wlh#ijbeh`_gb_#kh^_j`bl#ki_pbnbdZpbb#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#k_jbb#:33/#
\dexqZy=
• nbabq_kdmx#ki_pbnbdZpbx>
• ki_pbnbdZpbx#hdjm`Zxs_c#kj_^u>
• ki_pbnbdZpbx#iblZgby>
• klZg^Zjlu#b#ghjfu>
• l_ogbq_kdmx#ki_pbnbdZpbx1

........

C-1
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\Z#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 2 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

C Ki_pbnbdZpbb
..........................................................................
&14##Nbabq_kdZy#ki_pbnbdZpby#O#
LZ[ebpZ#&-4=#Nbabq_kdZy#ki_pbnbdZpby
<_k# :iiZjZl#B<E=# 63#d]#+99#nmglh\,
L_e_`dZ=# 4;#d]#+73#nmglh\,
<g_rgyy#[ZlZj_y=# 45/:8#d]#+5;#nmglh\,
=Z[Zjblu :iiZjZl#B<E=# 6:;#ff#[#848#ff#[#6:3#ff#
+47/<#[#53/6#[#47/9#^xcfh\,
:iiZjZl#B<E# 4588#ff#[#848#ff#[#6:3#ff#
b#l_e_`dZ= +7</7#[#53/6#[#47/9#^xcfh\,
JZat_fu JZat_f#ebgbb#\^hoZ=# ,62#550ff/#dhgbq_kdZy#\bedZ
JZat_f#ebgbb#\u^hoZ=# ,62#550ff/#dhgbq_kdZy#jha_ldZ
<uoh^ghc#ihjl#]ZaZ=# ,62#630ff/#dhgbq_kdbc
Ihjl#dbkehjh^Z=# ',66/#jha_ldZ#',66/#1,67/#$LU#/LTXLGH#beb#
:\kljZebckdbc#+hij_^_ey_lky#\#aZ\bkbfhklb#hl#
kljZgu#b#dhgnb]mjZpbb,
L_iehbaemq_gb_# 733#0#833#%78#+%ULWLVK#WKHUPDO#XQLWV,#\#qZk
Kjhd#kem`[u# GhfbgZevgh#5#]h^Z#+nZdlbq_kdbc#kjhd#kem`[u#aZ\bkbl#hl#mkeh\bc#
^ZlqbdZ# hdjm`Zxs_c#kj_^u>#gZijbf_j/#w dkiemZlZpby#ijb#\ukhdhc#l_fi_jZlmj_#
beb#ih\ur_gguo#mjh\gyo#)L25#khdjZsZ_l#kjhd#kem`[u#^ZlqbdZ,
Kbkl_fZ# Kdhjhklv#ihlhdZ/#ihklZ\ey_fh]h#iZpb_glm=#^h#633#e2fbg#ijb#
kf_rb\Zgby#]Zah\ kihglZgguo#^uoZgbyo#^ey#\_glbeypbb#ih^^_j`db#^Z\e_gb_f#+369,#
beb#ijb#ijbgm^bl_evguo#^uoZgbyo#^ey#\_glbeypbb#k#dhgljhe_f#ih#
^Z\e_gb_f#+3&9,>#6#0#483#e2fbg#ijb#jmqguo#beb#\kihfh]Zl_evguo#
^uoZgbyo#^ey#\_glbeypbb#k#dhgljhe_f#ih#h[t_fm#+9&9,1
Ml_qdZ#ba#h^ghc#]Zah\hc#kbkl_fu#\#^jm]mx=#g_#\hagbdZ_l#
+g_l#bklhqgbdZ#\ha^moZ#k#[he__#\ukhdbf#^Z\e_gb_f,1
JZ[hq__#^Z\e_gb_=#83#SVL#+678#dIZ,
>himklbfuc#^bZiZahg#^Z\e_gby=#73#0#<3#SVL#+5:8#0#953#dIZ,
IjhkZqb\Zgb_#j_]meylhjZ#dbkehjh^Z=#^h#6#e2fbg
Wnn_dlb\ghklv# Nbevlju#\^hoZ#b#\u^hoZ#+h^gh0#b#fgh]hjZah\u_,=#khojZg_gb_#<</<:(#
[Zdl_jbZevgh]h# 316#fdf#qZklbp#\#433#e2fbg1
nbevljZ
=jhfdhklv#lj_\h]b# Fbgbfmf#+mjh\_gv#4,=#:7#^;#gZ#4#f
FZdkbfmf#+mjh\_gv#8,=#;;#^;#gZ#4#f#
........

C-2
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 3 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ki_pbnbdZpbb C
..............................................................................
&15##Ki_pbnbdZpby#hdjm`Zxs_c#kj_^u#
LZ[ebpZ#&-5=#Ki_pbnbdZpby#hdjm`Zxs_c#kj_^u
L_fi_jZlmjZ JZ[hlZ=# 8#0#78#°&#+#74#0#446#°),#ijb#hlghkbl_evghc
\eZ`ghklb#43#0#<8(
OjZg_gb_= 073#0#93#°&#+0437#0#473 °),#ijb#hlghkbl_evghc#
\eZ`ghklb#43#0#<8(
:lfhkn_jgh_# JZ[hlZ= ;/4#0#49/3#SVL#+933#0#4433#]IZ,
^Z\e_gb_ OjZg_gb_=# :/6#0#49/3#SVL#+833#0#4433#]IZ,
<ukhlZ#gZ^# JZ[hlZ=# 78:3#f#+48333#nmlh\,
mjh\g_f#fhjy OjZg_gb_=# 48573#f#+83333#nmlh\,
<oh^ghc#ihjl# >Z\e_gb_=# 73#0#<3#SVL#+5:8#0#953#dIZ,
dbkehjh^Z#
Ij_^mij_`^_gb_
<#k\yab#k#qj_a\uqZcgh#\ukhdbfb#lj_[h\Zgbyfb/#ij_^ty\ey_fufb#
d#k[hjd_#reZg]Z##+kf1#lZ[e1 %-4,/#mjh\_gv#),25#fh`_l#ihgb`Zlvky#
ijb#ih\ur_gbb#^Z\e_gby#dbkehjh^gh]h#ihjlZ#?#83#SVL#+678#dIZ,1#
Qlh[u#ih^^_j`b\Zlv#ijZ\bevgu_#mjh\gb#),25#m[_^bl_kv#\#lhf/#
qlh#ijb#bkihevah\Zgbb#w lbo#k[hjhd#^Z\e_gb_#ihjlZ#dbkehjh^Z#
≥#83#SVL#+678#dIZ,1#

Ihlhd=# G_h[oh^bfh#g_#f_g__#493#e2fbg#ijb#klZg^Zjlguo#
l_fi_jZlmj_#b#^Z\e_gbb/#\eZ`ghklb#+673',1#

&16##We_dljbq_kdZy#ki_pbnbdZpby#
LZ[ebpZ#&-6=#We_dljbq_kdZy#ki_pbnbdZpby
Bklhqgbd#iblZgby <oh^ghc#^bZiZahg=#
GhfbgZe#k_lb#433#0453#</#ghfbgZe#k_lb#553#0#573#</#83293#=p/#5/<#:#
+4330453#<,#beb#416#:#+5530573#<,/#5<3#<:
Ij_^hojZgbl_ev=#43#$/#583#</#kj_^gbc#\j_f_gghc#eZ]/#\ukhdZy#
ij_ju\ZxsZy#kihkh[ghklv/#9#[#65#ff#
+m^h\e_l\hjy_l#klZg^ZjlZf#,(&#b#&6$,1#
+#Ij_^hojZgbl_ev#kjZ[Zlu\Z_l/#dh]^Z#lhd#ij_\urZ_l#7#$,
Lhd#ml_qdb#gZ# Ijb#433#0#453#<=#g_#ij_\urZ_l#633#fd:
a_fex# Ijb#553#0#573#<=#g_#ij_\urZ_l#833#fd$
+<dexqZy#ZiiZjZl#B<E/#rgmj#iblZgby/#\gmlj_ggxx#b#\g_rgxx#
[ZlZj_b,
........

C-3
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 4 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

C Ki_pbnbdZpbb
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#&-6=#We_dljbq_kdZy#ki_pbnbdZpby#+ijh^1,
Lhd#ml_qdb#gZ# G_#ij_\urZ_l#83#fd:#\#ghjfZevghf#khklhygbb#+\k_#qZklb,
hdjm`Zxsb_# G_#ij_\urZ_l#633#fd:#\#mkeh\byo#_^bgbqgh]h#k[hy#ijb#jZ[hl_
ij_^f_lu hl#4330453#<a#
G_#ij_\urZ_l#833#fd:#mkeh\byo#_^bgbqgh]h#k[hy#ijb#jZ[hl_#
hl#5530573#<a
<gmlj_ggyy# 57#<#ihklhyggh]h#lhdZ/#:#:0q
[ZlZj_y# <j_fy#jZ[hlu#+^ey#gh\hc#iheghklvx#aZjy`_gghc#[ZlZj_b#ijb#53 °&#b#
gZ#mjh\g_#fhjy,=
•#Ijb[ebabl_evgh#5/8#qZkZ#ijb#ghfbgZevguo#mkeh\byo#+ghfbgZevgu_#
mkeh\by=#^uoZl_evguc#h[t_f#3/9#e/#qZklhlZ#^uoZgby#48#jZa2fbg/#J??J2
&3$3#8#kf+52/#ibdh\uc#ihlhd#93#e2fbg/#ieZlh#3#k_d>#kj_^g__#ibdh\h_#
^Z\e_gb_#63#kf+52/#kj_^g__#mkj_^g_ggh_#^Z\e_gb_#;#kf+52,
•#Ijb[ebabl_evgh#5#qZkZ#ijb#w dklj_fZevguo#mkeh\byo#+w dklj_fZevgu_#
mkeh\by=#^uoZl_evguc#h[t_f#4/5#e/#qZklhlZ#^uoZgby#482fbg/#J??J2
&3$3#48#kf+52/#ibdh\uc#ihlhd#93#e2fbg/#ieZlh#3#k_d>#kj_^g__#ibdh\h_#
^Z\e_gb_#97#kf+52/#kj_^g__#mkj_^g_ggh_#^Z\e_gb_#57#kf+52,
<j_fy#i_j_aZjy^db=#5/8#0#6#qZkZ#\#ZiiZjZl_#B<E
AZjy`Z_lky#Z\lhfZlbq_kdb/#ihdZ#ZiiZjZl#ih^dexq_g#d#k_lb#
i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ#b#\udexqZl_ev#iblZgby#\dexq_g#+\dexqZy#j_`bf#
h`b^Zgby,
Mjh\_gv#aZjy^Z#bg^bpbjm_lky#gZ#deZ\bZlmj_1
<g_rgyy#[ZlZj_y# 57#<#ihklhyggh]h#lhdZ/#4:#:0q
<j_fy#jZ[hlu#+^ey#gh\hc#iheghklvx#aZjy`_gghc#[ZlZj_b#ijb#53 °&#b#
gZ#mjh\g_#fhjy,=
•#Ijb[ebabl_evgh#:#qZkh\#ijb#ghfbgZevguo#mkeh\byo#+^ey#
hij_^_e_gby#ghfbgZevguo#mkeh\bc#kf1#<gmlj_ggyy#[ZlZj_y1,
•#Ijb[ebabl_evgh#8/8#qZkh\#ijb#w dklj_fZevguo#mkeh\byo#+^ey#
hij_^_e_gby#w dklj_fZevguo#mkeh\bc#kf1#<gmlj_ggyy#[ZlZj_y1,
<j_fy#i_j_aZjy^db=#:/8#0#;#qZkh\#\#ZiiZjZl_#B<E/#6#0#7#qZkZ#ijb#
bkihevah\Zgbb#^hihegbl_evgh]h#aZjy`Zxs_]h#mkljhckl\Z1
AZjy`Z_lky#Z\lhfZlbq_kdb/#ihdZ#ZiiZjZl#ih^dexq_g#d#k_lb#
i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ#b#\udexqZl_ev#iblZgby#\dexq_g#+\dexqZy#aZjy^dm#\#
j_`bf_#h`b^Zgby,
Mjh\_gv#aZjy^Z#[ZlZj_b#^hklmi_g#q_j_a#nmgdpbx#f_gx1
........

C-4
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 5 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ki_pbnbdZpbb C
..............................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#&-6=#We_dljbq_kdZy#ki_pbnbdZpby#+ijh^1,
Kjhd#ojZg_gby# <#b^_Ze_#\gmlj_ggb_#b#\g_rgb_#[ZlZj_b#^he`gu#ojZgblvky#\#
[ZlZj_b#[_a# ijhoeZ^ghf#kmohf#f_kl_1#?keb#[ZlZj_b#ojZgylky#[_a#i_j_aZjy^db/#
ih^aZjy^db# lbibqgu_#kjhdb#ojZg_gby#ke_^mxsb_=
Ijb#3#0#53 °&#+65#0#9; °),=45#f_kyp_\
Ijb#54#0#63 °&#+9<#0#;9 °),=<#f_kyp_\
Ijb#64#0#73 °&#+;:#0#437 °),=#8#f_kyp_\
Ijb#74#0#83 °&#+438#0#455 °),=#5/8#f_kyp_\

IJBF?Q:GB?=
Ki_pbnbdZpby#kjhdZ#kem`[u#[ZlZj_b#ijb[ebabl_evgZy1#Qlh[u#
]ZjZglbjh\Zlv#fZdkbfZevguc#kjhd#kem`[u/#h[_ki_qvl_#iheguc#
aZjy^#b#fbgbfbabjmcl_#dhebq_kl\h#iheguo#jZajy^h\#[ZlZj_b1#

&17##Ih^^_j`dZ#klZg^Zjlh\#
LZ[ebpZ#&-7=#Ih^^_j`dZ#klZg^Zjlh\
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:33#ih^qbgy_lky#lj_[h\Zgbyf#bgkljmdpbb#
<62752((&#\#hlghr_gbb#f_^bpbgkdbo#mkljhckl\1#Wlh#hlf_q_gh#
fZjdbjh\dhc#&(1
0050

DeZkkbnbdZpby#ih# DeZkk#aZsblu#,/#Lbi#</#\gmlj_gg__#iblZgb_/#\eZ]hg_ijhgbpZ_fh_#
,(&#93404# h[hjm^h\Zgb_/#^ebl_evgZy#w dkiemZlZpby1
:iiZjZl#B<E# ,(&#934042(1#9393404
k_jbb#:33# ,(&#93404052(1#939340405
khhl\_lkl\m_l# (1#:<704
ke_^mxsbf# Djhf_#lh]h/#ZiiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:33#khhl\_lkl\m_l#lj_[h\Zgbyf#
f_`^mgZjh^guf#b# lbih\uo#l_klh\#$QQH[#,,,#bgkljmdpbb#0HGLFDO#'HYLFH#'LUHFWLYH#ih#
_\jhi_ckdbf# hlghr_gbx#d#\ha^_ckl\bx#gZ#q_eh\_dZ/#789#5KHLQODQG1
klZg^ZjlZf=
:iiZjZl#B<E# 789#5KHLQODQG=#(&#7\SH#7HVW#&HUWLILFDWH#ih#lj_[h\Zgbyf#$QQH[#,,,#
k_jbb#:33# bgkljmdpbb#0HGLFDO#'HYLFH#'LUHFWLYH
k_jlbnbpbjh\Zg# &6$=#h^h[j_gh#&6$#&5515#1R1#93404/#&6$#&5515
p_gljZfb#ih# 1R1#93405045/#157/#k_jlbnbdZpby1
l_klbjh\Zgbx=
........

C-5
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 6 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

C Ki_pbnbdZpbb
..........................................................................
&18##L_ogbq_kdZy#ki_pbnbdZpby#
LZ[ebpZ#&-8=#L_ogbq_kdZy#ki_pbnbdZpby
FZdkbfZevgh_# <5#kf+52#+<5#]IZ,1
ij_^_evgh_# ?keb#^Z\e_gb_#kbkl_fu#ij_\urZ_l#448#kf+52#+446#]IZ,/#hldju\Z_lky#
^Z\e_gb_ ij_^hojZgbl_evguc#deZiZg1
FZdkbfZevgh_# ;<#kf+52#+;<#]IZ,#^ey#\_glbeypbb#9&9#beb#;3#kf+52#+;3#]IZ,#^ey#
jZ[hq__#^Z\e_gb_ \_glbeypbb#369/#]ZjZglbjh\Zgh#ij_^_ehf#<UKHDH?#>:<E?GB?1
Baf_jbl_evgu_#b# P_ev=# Kj_^g__#^Z\e_gb_#\ha^mrgh]h#imlb
hlh[jZ`Zxsb_# JZkiheh`_gb_#^ZlqbdZ=# Ebgby#\u^hoZ
mkljhckl\Z# >bZiZahg=# 3#0#<<#kf+52#+3#0#<<#]IZ,
Lbi=# Dj_fgb_\h_#l\_j^h_#khklhygb_
P_ev=# Ibdh\h_#^Z\e_gb_
JZkiheh`_gb_#^ZlqbdZ=# Ebgby#\u^hoZ
>bZiZahg=# 3#0#473#kf+52#+3#0#473#]IZ,
Lbi=# Dj_fgb_\h_#l\_j^h_#khklhygb_
P_ev=# >Z\e_gb_#ieZlh#+lhevdh#:93,
JZkiheh`_gb_#^ZlqbdZ=# Ebgby#\u^hoZ
>bZiZahg=# 3#0#473#kf+52#+3#0#473#]IZ,
Lbi=# Dj_fgb_\h_#l\_j^h_#khklhygb_
P_ev=# >Z\e_gb_#3((32&3$3
JZkiheh`_gb_#^ZlqbdZ=# Ebgby#\u^hoZ
>bZiZahg=# 3#0#473#kf+52#+3#0#473#]IZ,
Lbi=# Dj_fgb_\h_#l\_j^h_#khklhygb_
P_ev=# QZklhlZ
JZkiheh`_gb_#^ZlqbdZ=# Fbdjhijhp_kkhj
>bZiZahg=# 6#0#8332fbg
Lbi=# <uqbke_ggb_#ih#baf_j_gguf#agZq_gbyf#
\j_f_gb#\^hoZ#b#\u^hoZ
P_ev=# Khhlghr_gb_#\^ho=\u^ho
JZkiheh`_gb_#^ZlqbdZ=# Fbdjhijhp_kkhj
>bZiZahg=# 4=<</<#0#4=</<
Lbi=# <uqbke_ggb_#ih#baf_j_gguf#agZq_gbyf#
\j_f_gb#\^hoZ#b#\u^hoZ
P_ev=# <j_fy#\^hoZ#+lhevdh#:93,
JZkiheh`_gb_#^ZlqbdZ=# Fbdjhijhp_kkhj
>bZiZahg=# 3/33#0#</<3#k_d
Lbi=# Baf_j_ggh_#\j_fy#\^hoZ
........

C-6
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 7 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ki_pbnbdZpbb C
..............................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#&-8=#L_ogbq_kdZy#ki_pbnbdZpby#+ijh^1,
Baf_jbl_evgu_#b# P_ev=# >uoZl_evguc#h[t_f#\u^hoZ
hlh[jZ`Zxsb_# JZkiheh`_gb_#^ZlqbdZ=# Ebgby#\u^hoZ
mkljhckl\Z >bZiZahg=# 3#0#<#e
+ijh^1, Lbi=# >bnn_jbgpbZevguc#^Zlqbd#^Z\e_gby
P_ev=# Fbgmlguc#^uoZl_evguc#h[t_f
JZkiheh`_gb_#^ZlqbdZ=# Ebgby#\u^hoZ
>bZiZahg=# 3#0#<<#e
Lbi=# >bnn_j_gpbZevguc#^Zlqbd#^Z\e_gby
P_ev=# IhklZ\ey_fuc#h[t_f#+lhevdh#:93,
JZkiheh`_gb_#^ZlqbdZ=# Ebgby#\u^hoZ
>bZiZahg=# 3#0#6333#fe
Lbi=# >bnn_j_gpbZevguc#^Zlqbd#^Z\e_gby
P_ev=# KihglZgguc#fbgmlguc#h[t_f
JZkiheh`_gb_#^ZlqbdZ=# Ebgby#\u^hoZ
>bZiZahg=# 3#0#<<#e
Lbi=# <uqbke_ggb_#ih#baf_j_gghfm#ihlhdm#\u^hoZ
P_ev=# >Zlqbd#),25#
JZkiheh`_gb_#^ZlqbdZ=# Ljm[hijh\h^#\^hoZ
>bZiZahg=# 4;#0#43<(
Lbi=# =Zev\Zgbq_kdZy#yq_cdZ

........

C-7
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 8 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

C Ki_pbnbdZpbb
..........................................................................
LZ[ebpZ#&-8=#L_ogbq_kdZy#ki_pbnbdZpby#+ijh^1,
J_amevlZlu#
l_klbjh\Zgby# IJBF?Q:GB?=
kbkl_fu# >ey#^hklb`_gby#dhfieZcgkZ#k#[he__#`_kldbfb#lj_[h\Zgbyfb#ih#
h[_ki_q_gby# dhgljhex#aZ#dbkehjh^hf#+ih#,62#::9:,/#nbjfZ#1HOOFRU#3XULWDQ#
\_glbeypbb# %HQQHWW#j_dhf_g^m_l#bkihevah\Zlv#\g_rgbc#fhgblhj/#dhlhjuc#
+k dhglmjhf/# m^h\e_l\hjy_l#w lhfm#klZg^Zjlm1
ij_^gZagZq_ggh]h#
^ey#k_jbb#:33,#
<gmlj_ggbc#h[t_f=#G_#ijbf_gy_lky1#:iiZjZlu#B<E#k_jbb#:33#
Z\lhfZlbq_kdb#j_]mebjm_l#ihl_jx#h[t_fZ#ba0aZ#k`bfZ_fhklb#]ZaZ#
+Z\lhfZlbq_kdZy#dhefieZcgk0dhfi_gkZpby,/#ijb#mkeh\bb#fZdkbfmfZ#
ihklZ\ey_fh]h#h[t_fZ#5/8#e1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
Qlh[u#m[_^blvky/#qlh#dhfieZcgk0dhfi_gkZpby#nmgdpbhgbjm_l#
ijZ\bevgh/#g_h[oh^bfh#\uihegblv#D<L/#bkihevamy#
dhgnb]mjZpbx#dhglmjZ/#ij_^gZagZq_ggmx#^ey#h[kem`b\Zgby#
iZpb_glZ1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
Ki_pbnbdZpby#l_klZ#^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ#[Zabjm_lky#gZ#
j_dhf_g^m_fuo#dhgnb]mjZpbyo/#ihdZaZgguo#gZ#Jbk1#&-4#
+m\eZ`gbl_ev#k#\gmlj_ggbf#ih^h]j_\hf#[_a#\eZ]hk[hjgbdh\#b#
m\eZ`gbl_ev#[_a#\gmlj_gg_]h#ih^h]j_\Z#k#\eZ]hk[hjgbdZfb,1
........

C-8
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 9 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ki_pbnbdZpbb C
..............................................................................
M\eZ`gbl_ev#k#ih^h]j_\hf/#[_a#\eZ]hk[hjgbdhf
D#nbevljm#\u^hoZ

250#ff
1500 ff

120 ff
1500 ff

D#nbevljm#
\^hoZ

M\eZ`gbl_ev#[_a#\gmlj_gg_]h#ih^h]j_\Z#b#[_a#\eZ]hk[hjgbdh\

D#nbevljm#\u^hoZ
f
0f 300
120 f f
250 ff

ff 120 ff
12

300
0
0
ff

D#nbevljm#
\^hoZ

7-00080

Jbk1##&-41##J_dhf_g^m_fZy#dhgnb]mjZpby#^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ
........

C-9
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 10 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

C Ki_pbnbdZpbb
..........................................................................
........

C-10
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 1 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ijbeh`_gb_

IhklZ\dZ#^uoZgby ' D
.............................................................................
J_`bfu#\_glbeypbb#ih^jZa^_eyxlky#gZ#ijbgm^bl_evgu_#b#kihglZggu_/#
djhf_#lh]h/#bf__lky#kbgojhggZy#ij_ju\bklZy#ijbgm^bl_evgZy#\_glbeypby#
+6,09,/#dhlhjZy#y\ey_lky#khq_lZgb_f#ijbgm^bl_evguo#b#kihglZgguo#^uoZgbc1
Ijbgm^bl_evgu_#j_`bfu#h[_ki_qb\Zxl#^uoZgb_/#iZjZf_lju#dhlhjh]h#
hij_^_eyxlky#gZkljhcdZfb#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E1#>ey#\_glbeypbb#k#dhgljhe_f#ih#
h[t_fm#+9&9,#gZkljhcdb#\exqZxl#qZklhlm#^uoZgby/#ibdh\uc#ihlhd#\^hoZ/#
^uoZl_evguc#h[t_f#b#ieZlh1#>ey#\_glbeypbb#k#dhgljhe_f#ih#^Z\e_gbx#
+3&9,#gZkljhcdb#\exqZxl#qZklhlm#^uoZgby/#^Z\e_gb_#\^hoZ/#khhlghr_gb_#
\^ho=\u^ho#+beb#\j_fy#\^hoZ,#b#\j_f_gghc#nZdlhj#jhklZ#+3&9#^hklmigZ#
lhevdh#gZ#ZiiZjZl_#B<E#:93,1#>uoZgb_#\#ijbgm^bl_evghf#j_`bf_#fh`_l#
bgbpbbjh\Zlvky#ZiiZjZlhf/#hi_jZlhjhf#beb#iZpb_glhf1#:iiZjZlu#B<E#
:73#b#:93#h[_ki_qb\Zxl#^uoZgby#\#ijbgm^bl_evghf#j_`bf_#k#d\Z^jZlghc#
nhjfhc#\hegu#+ihklhygguc#ihlhd,1
• Bgbpbbjm_fh_#ZiiZjZlhf#B<E#ijbgm^bl_evgh_#^uoZgb_#+9,0,#
h[_ki_qb\Z_lky#k#qZklhlhc/#hij_^_ey_fhc#gZklhcdhc#Q:KLHL:#
>UO:GBC1#Dh]^Z#h[_ki_qb\Z_lky#^uoZgb_#9,0/#k\_lblky#bg^bdZlhj#
IJBGM>BL1
• Bgbpbbjm_fh_#iZpb_glhf#ijbgm^bl_evgh_#^uoZgb_#+3,0,#
h[_ki_qb\Z_lky/#dh]^Z#iZpb_gl#\uau\Z_l#ijbgm^bl_evgh_#^uoZgb_1#
Dh]^Z#h[_ki_qb\Z_lky#^uoZgb_#3,0/#k\_lblky#bg^bdZlhj#<KIHFH=:L1
• Bgbpbbjm_fh_#hi_jZlhjhf#ijbgm^bl_evgh_#^uoZgb_#+2,0,#
h[_ki_qb\Z_lky/#dh]^Z#hi_jZlhj#gZ`bfZ_l#deZ\brm#JMQGHC#<>HO1#
:iiZjZl#B<E#g_#h[_ki_qb\Z_l#jmqghc#\^ho#\#l_q_gb_#533#fk_d#ihke_#
hdhgqZgby#nZau#\u^hoZ#b#kgb`_gby#ihlhdZ#\u^hoZ#f_g__#q_f#gZ#63(#hl#
fZdkbfZevgh]h#ihlhdZ#\u^hoZ1#:iiZjZl#B<E#g_#h[_ki_qb\Z_l#jmqghc#
\^ho#\#l_q_gb_#\_glbeypbb#:IGHW1#Dh]^Z#h[_ki_qb\Z_lky#^uoZgb_#
2,0/#k\_lblky#bg^bdZlhj#IJBGM>BL1#
KihglZggu_#j_`bfu#h[_ki_qb\Zxl#^uoZgb_/#iZjZf_lju#dhlhjh]h#
+\dexqZy#fZdkbfZevguc#ihlhd#\^hoZ#b#^uoZl_evguc#h[t_f,#qZklbqgh#
hij_^_eyxlky#iZpb_glhf1#>uoZgby#\#kihglZgghf#j_`bf_#bgbpbbjmxlky#
iZpb_glhf1#Dh]^Z#iZpb_gl#\uau\Z_l#kihglZggh_#^uoZgb_/#ihlhd#\^hoZ#b#
^uoZl_evguc#h[t_f#hij_^_eyxlky#dhf[bgZpb_c#mkbeby#iZpb_glZ#b#
gZkljhcdb#ih^^_j`db#^Z\e_gb_f#+^ey#:73,#beb#ih^^_j`dhc#^Z\e_gb_f/#
\j_f_gguf#nZdlhjhf#jhklZ#b#qm\kl\bl_evghklvx#\u^hoZ#+^ey#:93,1#
Dh]^Z#h[_ki_qb\Z_lky#kihglZggh_#^uoZgb_/#k\_lblky#bg^bdZlhj#KIHGL1#
........

D-1
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 2 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

D IhklZ\dZ#^uoZgby
..........................................................................
:iiZjZlu#B<E#k_jbb#:33#ij_^eZ]Z_l#ljb#j_`bfZ#\_glbeypbb=
• <kihfh]Zl_evguc2ijbgm^bl_evguc#j_`bf#+<KIHFH=:L?EVGU?,/#
dhlhjuc#khklhbl#iheghklvx#ba#ijbgm^bl_evguo#^uoZgbc1
• KihglZgguc#j_`bf#+KIHGL,/#dhlhjuc#khklhbl#iheghklvx#ba#
kihglZgguo#^uoZgbc1
• J_`bf#6,09/#dhlhjuc#fh`_l#\dexqZlv#dZd#ijbgm^bl_evgu_/#lZd#b#
kihglZggu_#^uoZgby1
<h#\j_fy#\_glbeypbb#\#hdg_#khh[s_gbc#hlh[jZ`Z_lky#bgnhjfZpby#h#ihlhd_#
+jbk1 '-4#beexkljbjm_l#w lm#bgnhjfZpbx#k#ihfhsvx#nhjfu#djb\hc,/#
dhlhjZy#fh`_l#[ulv#ihe_aghc#ijb#\u[hj_#gZkljh_d#ZiiZjZlZ1
• Ibdh\uc#ihlhd#\^hoZ#b#ihlhd#dhgpZ#\^hoZ#hlh[jZ`Zxlky#dZd=
<>=Ibd#oo#Dhg_p#oo
]^_#<>#0#h[hagZqZ_l#ihlhdb#\^hoZ/#Ibd#0#ibdh\uc#ihlhd#\^hoZ#b#Dhg_p#0#
ihlhd#dhgpZ#\^hoZ1
• Ihlhd#dhgpZ#\u^hoZ#hlh[jZ`Z_lky#dZd
<u^=#dhg1#oo
]^_#<u^#0#h[hagZqZ_l#ihlhd#\u^hoZ#b#dhg1#0#ihlhd#dhgpZ#\u^hoZ1#

Ibdh\uc#
ihlhd#\^hoZ
Ihlhd#
dhgpZ#\^hoZ

Ihlhd#
dhgpZ#
\u^hoZ
7-00052

Jbk1#'-41##NhjfZ#djb\hc#ihlhdZ
........

D-2
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 3 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

IhklZ\dZ#^uoZgby D
..............................................................................
'14##J_`bf#<KIHFH=:L?EVGU?
<#l_q_gb_#j_`bfZ#<KIHFH=:L?EVGU?#+$2&#0#DVVLVW2FRQWURO,#ZiiZjZl#
B<E#h[_ki_qb\Z_l#lhevdh#ijbgm^bl_evgu_#^uoZl_evgu_#pbdeu/#
bkihevamy#\_glbeypbx#k#dhgljhe_f#ih#h[t_fm#+9&9/#^hklmigZ#gZ#:73#b#:93,#
beb#\_glbeypbx#k#dhgljhe_f#ih#^Z\e_gbx#+3&9/#^hklmigZ#lhevdh#gZ#:93,1
Dh]^Z#aZimkdZ_lky#^uoZgb_#9&9/#ZiiZjZl#B<E#h[_ki_qb\Z_l#^uoZgb_#k#
d\Z^jZlghc#nhjfhc#\hegu/#bkihevamy#gZkljhcdb#>UO:L?EVGUC#H;T?F#
b#IBDH<UC#IHLHD1#<u#fh`_l_#jZkrbjblv#nZam#\^hoZ#^uoZgby#9&9/#
mklZgZ\eb\Zy#\j_fy#IE:LH#+ohly#w lh#b#mf_gvrbl#\j_fy#\u^hoZ,1#Dh]^Z#
\dexq_gh#^uoZgb_#3&9/#ZiiZjZl#ihklZ\ey_l#^uoZgb_/#hkgh\u\Zykv#gZ#
mklZgh\e_gguo#gZkljhcdZo#>:<E?GB?#<>HO:/#KHHLGHR?GB?#
<>HO=<U>HO#+beb#\j_fy#\^hoZ,#b#<J?F?GGHC#N:DLHJ#JHKL:1
<#l_q_gb_#j_`bfZ#<KIHFH=:L?EVGU?#gZkljhcdZ#Q:KLHL:#
>UO:GBY#hij_^_ey_l/#kdhevdh#ijbgm^bl_evguo#^uoZl_evguo#pbdeh\#
bgbpbbjm_l#ZiiZjZl#B<E#+9,0,1#?keb#iZpb_gl#+3,0,#beb#hi_jZlhj#+2,0,#
bgbpbbjm_l#[hevr__#qbkeh#^uoZl_evguo#pbdeh\/#qZklhlZ#ihklZ\ey_fuo#
ijbgm^bl_evguo#^uoZl_evguo#pbdeh\#[m^_l#m\_ebq_gZ1#Khhl\_lkl\_ggh#
m\_ebqb\Z_lky#b#fbgmlguc#h[t_f1
:iiZjZl#B<E#ghjfZevgh#aZ\_jrZ_l#nZam#\^hoZ#^uoZgby/#dh]^Z=
• h[_ki_q_g#\u[jZgguc#>UO:L?EVGUC#H;T?F#+^ey#9&9,/#beb
• ijhr_e#i_jbh^#ieZlh#+^ey#9&9,/#beb
• ^hklb]gmlh#aZ^Zggh_#KHHLGHR?GB?#<>HO=<U>HO#beb#aZdhgq_gh#
\j_fy#\^hoZ#+^ey#3&9,1
:iiZjZl#B<E#h[_ki_qb\Z_l#^uoZgb_#9,0#ih#ij_^\Zjbl_evgh#
mklZgh\e_gghc#qZklhl_#^uoZgby1#:iiZjZl#B<E#h[_ki_qb\Z_l#^uoZgb_#3,0/#
_keb#hg#h[gZjm`b\Z_l#mkbeb_#iZpb_glZ/#hij_^_e_ggh_#gZkljhcdhc#
QM<KL<BL?EVGHKLV#LJB==?J:1#:iiZjZl#B<E#h[_ki_qb\Z_l#^uoZgb_#
2,0/#_keb#hi_jZlhj#gZ`bfZ_l#deZ\brm#JMQGHC#<>HO1#<_glbeypby#
:IGHW#g_\hafh`gZ#\#l_q_gb_#j_`bfZ#<KIHFH=:L?EVGU?=#bgl_j\Ze#
:IGHW#nbdkbjh\Zg#\#53#k_dmg^#b#fbgbfZevgZy#qZklhlZ#^uoZgby#0#
6 ^uoZl_evguo#pbdeZ#\#fbgmlm1
........

D-3
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 4 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

D IhklZ\dZ#^uoZgby
..........................................................................
'15##J_`bf#KIHGL
<#l_q_gb_#j_`bfZ#KIHGL#ZiiZjZl#B<E#h[_ki_qb\Z_l#kihglZggh_#^uoZgb_1#<#
j_`bf_#KIHGL#^hklmigZ#\_glbeypby#k#ih^^_j`dhc#^Z\e_gb_f#+369,1#Ijb#
369#ZiiZjZl#B<E#ihfh]Z_l#bgkibjZlhjghc#ihiuld_#iZpb_glZ/#ih^^_j`b\Zy#
aZ^Zgguc#mjh\_gv#IH>>?J@DB#>:<E?GB?F1#Lhevdh#^ey#ZiiZjZlZ#:93#
gZkljhcdZ#<J?F?GGHC#N:DLHJ#JHKL:#hij_^_ey_l/#dZd#[ukljh#
^hklb]Z_lky#p_e_\h_#^Z\e_gb_/#b#gZkljhcdZ#QM<KL<BL?EVGHKLV#<U>HO:#
hij_^_ey_l#lhqdm/#\#dhlhjhc#gZqbgZ_lky#nZaZ#\u^hoZ1#Dh]^Z#nZaZ#\^hoZ#
^uoZgby#369#aZ\_jr_gZ/#hldju\Z_lky#deZiZg#\u^hoZ/#b#^Z\e_gb_#kgb`Z_lky#^h#
\u[jZggh]h#mjh\gy#3((32&3$31#IZpb_gl#\uau\Z_l#\k_#kihglZggu_#^uoZgby/#b#
\eby_l#gZ#ihlhd#\^hoZ/#\j_fy#\^hoZ#b#^uoZl_evguc#h[t_f1
:iiZjZl#B<E#ghjfZevgh#aZ\_jrZ_l#nZam#\^hoZ#^uoZgby#369/#_keb#
\uihegy_lky#ohly#[u#h^gh#ba#ke_^mxsbo#mkeh\bc=
• ihlhd#\^hoZ#iZ^Z_l#^h#43#e2fbg#beb#^h#58(#ibdh\h]h#ihlhdZ/#qlh#
f_gvr_#+^ey#:73,/#beb#dh]^Z#ihlhd#\^hoZ#f_gvr_#aZ^Zggh]h#agZq_gby
QM<KL<BL?EVGHKLB#<U>HO:#+^ey#:93,/#beb
• ^Z\e_gb_#\#ljhcgbd_#iZpb_glZ#ij_\urZ_l#\u[jZggh_#^Z\e_gb_#\^hoZ#
+3\^o#.#3((3,#[he__#q_f#gZ#6#kf+52#+6#]I:,/#beb
• \j_fy#\^hoZ#ij_\urZ_l#6/8#k_dmg^u#+518#k_dmg^u#^ey#i_^bZljbq_kdh]h#
^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ,1
:iiZjZl#B<E#h[_ki_qb\Z_l#^uoZgb_#2,0#\#l_q_gb_#j_`bfZ#KIHGL/#dh]^Z#
hi_jZlhj#gZ`bfZ_l#deZ\brm#JMQGHC#<>HO1#Ijb#w lhf#^uoZgb_#2,0#
hij_^_ey_lky#gZkljhcdZfb#:IGHW1
<_glbeypby#:IGHW#aZimkdZ_lky/#_keb#\#l_q_gb_#\u[jZggh]h#bgl_j\ZeZ#
:IGHW#\#53#k_dmg^#g_#h[gZjm`_gh#kihglZggh_#^uoZgb_#beb#^uoZgb_#2,01#
<_glbeypby#:IGHW#ijh^he`Z_lky/#ihdZ#hi_jZlhj#g_#gZ`f_l#deZ\brm#
K;J1IJ?>MIJ1#beb#iZpb_gl#g_#\uah\_l#^\Z#ihke_^h\Zl_evguo#
^uoZl_evguo#pbdeZ1

'16##J_`bf#6,09#
<#l_q_gb_#j_`bfZ#6,09#ZiiZjZl#B<E#fh`_l#h[_ki_qb\Zlv#dhf[bgZpbx#
ijbgm^bl_evguo#b#kihglZgguo#^uoZgbc1#:iiZjZl/#hi_jZlhj#beb#iZpb_gl#
fh]ml#\uau\Zlv#ijbgm^bl_evgu_#^uoZgby1#IZpb_gl#fh`_l#lZd`_#\uau\Zlv#
kihglZggu_#^uoZgby1#KihglZggu_#^uoZgby#fh]ml#[ulv#ih^^_j`Zgu#k#
ihfhsvx#\_glbeypbb#k#ih^^_j`dhc#^Z\e_gb_f#3691
<_glbeypby#:IGHW#g_#Zdlb\gZ#\#j_`bf_#6,091
........

D-4
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 5 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

IhklZ\dZ#^uoZgby D
..............................................................................
'1614##KbgojhgbaZpby#^uoZgby
<#j_`bf_#6,09#i_jbh^#^uoZgby#+7E,#jZa^_ey_lky#gZ#^\Z#bgl_j\ZeZ=#
ijbgm^bl_evguc#bgl_j\Ze#+7P,#b#kihglZgguc#bgl_j\Ze#+7V,#+jbk1 '-5,1

Tm Ts Tm Ts Tm Ts

Tb
Tm = ^h#93( hl#7E

Jbk1##'-51##<j_f_ggu_#bgl_j\Zeu#^uoZgby#6,09

<#l_q_gb_#i_jbh^Z#7E#/ZiiZjZl#B<E/#dZd#ijZ\beh/#h[_ki_qb\Z_l#h^bg#
ijbgm^bl_evguc#^uoZl_evguc#pbde/#gh#iZpb_gl#lZd`_#fh`_l#\ua\Zlv#
kihglZgguc#^uoZl_evguc#pbde1#<#gZqZe_#i_jbh^Z#7E/#ZiiZjZl#\oh^bl#\#
i_jbh^#7P1#?keb#iZpb_gl#bgbpbbjm_l#^uoZgb_#\#l_q_gb_#i_jbh^Z#7P/#lh#
h[_ki_qb\Z_lky#^uoZgb_#3,0/#i_jbh^#7P#aZ\_jrZ_lky#+g_aZ\bkbfh#hl#lh]h/#
ijhr_e#eb#hg#iheghklvx,/#b#ZiiZjZl#\oh^bl#\#i_jbh^#7V#b#hklZ_lky#\#g_f/#
ihdZ#g_#aZdhgqblky#i_jbh^#7E#+jbk1 '-6,1

PIM

Tm Ts
Ts jZkrbj_gguc
7-00081

Jbk1##'-61##Bgl_j\Zeu#kbgojhgbaZpbb#^uoZgby#k#mkbeb_f#iZpb_glZ

?keb#iZpb_gl#bgbpbbjm_l#^uoZgb_#\#l_q_gb_#i_jbh^Z#7V/#ZiiZjZl#B<E#
h[_ki_qb\Z_l#kihglZggh_#^uoZgb_/#bkihevamy#gZkljhcdm#IH>>?J@D:#
>:<E?GB?F#+jbk1 '-7,1#<#ZiiZjZl_#B<E#:93#kihglZggh_#^uoZgb_#
hkgh\u\Z_lky#lZd`_#gZ#gZkljhcdZo#<J?F?GGHC#N:DLHJ#JHKL:#b#
QM<KL<BL?EVGHKLV#<U>HO:1

PIM
KIHGL

Tm Ts
Ts jZkrbj_gguc
7-00082

Jbk1##'-71##KihglZggh_#^uoZgb_#\#l_q_gb_#j_`bfZ#6,09
........

D-5
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 6 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

D IhklZ\dZ#^uoZgby
..........................................................................
:iiZjZl#B<E#hklZ_lky#\#i_jbh^_#7V#/#ihdZ#g_#aZdhgq_g#i_jbh^#7E/#ihdZ#g_#
aZdhgq_g#i_jbh^#7P1#?keb#iZpb_gl#g_#bgbpbbjh\Ze#^uoZgb_#\#l_q_gb_#7P/#
ZiiZjZl#B<E#h[_ki_qb\Z_l#^uoZgb_#9,0#ih#hdhgqZgbb#i_jbh^Z#7P#
+jbk1 '-8,1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
>ey#ij_^hl\jZs_gby#ÄgZeh`_gby#^uoZgbc³#\#j_`bf_#6,09/#ZiiZjZl#
B<E#g_#[m^_l#ihklZ\eylv#ke_^mxsbc#^uoZl_evguc#pbde#9,0#^ey#
ih^^_j`Zgby#qZklhlu#^uoZgby#^h#l_o#ihj/#ihdZ#ihlhd#g_#mf_gvrblky#^h#
83(#hl#ibdh\h]h#ihlhdZ#\^hoZ#b#g_#ijhc^ml#ih#djZcg_c#f_j_#533#fk_d#
nZau#\u^hoZ1

VIM VIM

Tm Ts Tm Ts
7-00083

Jbk1#'-81##Ijbgm^bl_evgh_#^uoZgb_#\#l_q_gb_#j_`bfZ#6,09

:iiZjZl#B<E#fh`_l#h[_ki_qblv#^uoZgb_#2,0#+jmqghc#\^ho,#\#l_q_gb_#
i_jbh^Z#7P#beb#7V#+jbk1 '-9,1#?keb#ZiiZjZl#h[_ki_qb\Z_l#2,0#\#l_q_gb_#7V/#
kbgojhgbaZpby#^uoZgby#6,09#g_#aZljZ]b\Z_lky1#?keb#ZiiZjZl#h[_ki_qb\Z_l#
2,0#\#l_q_gb_#7P/#i_jbh^#7P#aZ\_jrZ_lky/#b#ZiiZjZl#\oh^bl#\#i_jbh^#7V1

VIM PIM OIM OIM

Ts Ts
Tm Ts Tm
Ts jZkrbj_gguc
Tm
Ts jZkrbj_gguc

7-00084

Jbk1#'-91##Jmqghc#\^ho#\#l_q_gb_#j_`bfZ#6,09
........

D-6
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 1 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ijbeh`_gb_

L_klbjh\Zgb_#lj_\h] ( E
.............................................................................
Wlh#ijbeh`_gb_#hibku\Z_l/#dZd#i_j_^#bkihevah\Zgb_f#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#
ijh\_jblv#nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_#ke_^mxsbo#lj_\h]#+Z\Zjbcguo#
ij_^mij_`^_gbc,=#
• G1>:<E?GB?#G:#<>HO?
• G1>UO1H;T?F#<U>HO:
• HLKH?>BG?GB?
• <UKHDH?#>:<E?GB?
• G?IJ?J#1<1>:<E?GB?
• G?L#G:IJY@1#K?LB
• :IGHW
• GBADBC#(#25
Ijhkfhlj#b#baf_g_gb_#ij_^_eh\#lj_\h]#hibku\Z_lky#\#]e1 616#
Ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv#^_ckl\bc#ijb#\hagbdgh\_gbb#lj_\h]b#ijb\_^_gZ#\#]e1 :1
41 Ih^]hlh\vl_#ZiiZjZl#B<E#d#jZ[hl_#+kh_^bgbl_#k#bklhqgbdhf#
dbkehjh^Z/#ijbkh_^bgbl_#\ajhkeuc#beb#i_^bZljbq_kdbc#^uoZl_evguc#
dhglmj,1#Ijbkh_^bgbl_#d#ljhcgbdm#Äl_klh\h_#e_]dh_³#
+ghf_j#70333945033,1
51 <u[_jbl_#ke_^mxsb_#gZkljhcdb=
J_`bf# <KIHFH=:L?EVGU?#
Q:KLHL:#>UO:GBY# 8#2fbg
>UO:L?EVGUC#H;T?F=# 833#fe
IBDH<UC#IHLHD=# 93#e2fbg
IE:LH# 3#k_d
<UKHD:Y#Q:KLHL:# 433#2fbg
G1#>:<E?GB?#G:#<>HO?=# 6#kf+52#+6#]IZ,
<UKHDH?#>:<E?GB?# 83#kf+52#+83#]IZ,
<1#>UO:L?EVGUC#H;T?F 4833#fe
G1#>UO:L?EVGUC#H;T?F# 8#fe
G1#FBGMLGUC#H;T?F# 3#e
3((32&3$3# 8#kf+52#+8#]IZ,
QM<KL<BL1#LJB==?J: 6#e2fbg
........

E-1
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 2 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

E L_klbjh\Zgb_#lj_\h]
..........................................................................
61 L_klbjh\Zgb_#lj_\h]#G1>:<E?GB?#G:#<>HO?/#G1>UO1H;T?F#
<U>HO:#b#HLKH?>BG?GB?1#>Zcl_#\hafh`ghklv#ZiiZjZlm#B<E#
h[_ki_qblv#ih#djZcg_c#f_j_#43^uoZl_evguo#pbdeh\1#< ijhp_kk_#nZau#
\^hoZ#hlkh_^bgbl_#Äl_klh\h_#e_]dh_³1
71 :iiZjZl#B<E#^he`_g#\u^Zlv#lj_\h]m#G1#>:<E?GB?#G:#<>HO?#\#
l_q_gb_#i_j\h]h#^uoZl_evgh]h#pbdeZ#ihke_#lh]h/#dZd#\u#hlkh_^bgbeb#
Äl_klh\h_#e_]dh_³/#lj_\h]m#HLKH?>BG?GB?#b#lj_\h]m#
G1>UO1H;T?F#<U>HO:#ihke_#q_l\_jlh]h#^uoZl_evgh]h#pbdeZ1#
Ijh\_jvl_#ijZ\bevghklv#a\mdh\uo#b#\bamZevguo#oZjZdl_jbklbd#
lj_\h]1
81 L_klbjh\Zgb_#lj_\h]b#<UKHDH?#>:<E?GB?1#Baf_gbl_#
gZkljhcdm#lj_\h]b#<UKHDH?#>:<E?GB?#gZ#44kf+52#+44#]IZ,1
91 GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#K;J1IJ?>MIJ1#^ey#k[jhkZ#lj_\h]b#
HLKH?>BG?GB?1#;ehdbjmcl_#ljhcgbd1
:1 :iiZjZl#B<E#ij_j\_l#\^ho#[_a#\u^Zqb#lj_\h]b#gZ#i_j\hf#
^uoZl_evghf#pbde_#b#\u^Z_l#lj_\h]m#<UKHDH?#>:<E?GB?#\#
l_q_gb_#\lhjh]h#^uoZl_evgh]h#pbdeZ1
;1 L_klbjh\Zgb_#lj_\h]b#G?IJ?J1<1>:<E?GB?1#MklZgh\bl_#lj_\h]m#
<UKHDH?#>:<E?GB?#gZ#53kf+521#;ehdbjmcl_#<UOH>GHC#ihjl1#
GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#K;J1IJ?>MIJ1#^ey#k[jhkZ#\k_o#lj_\h]1
<1 GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#JMQGHC#<>HO1#Ihke_#h^gh]h#^uoZgby#ZiiZjZl#
B<E#^he`_g#\u^Zlv#lj_\h]m#G?IJ?J1#<1>:<E?GB?1#+?keb#w lh]h#
g_#ijhbkoh^bl/#ijh\_jvl_#^uoZl_evguc#dhglmj#gZ#ml_qdb,1
431 JZa[ehdbjmcl_#<UOH>GHC#ihjl1#JZa[ehdbjmcl_#ljhcgbd#b#
ih^kh_^bgbl_#Äl_klh\h_#e_]dh_³1#MklZgh\bl_#lj_\h]b#<UKHDH?#
>:<E?GB?#gZ#83#kf+521#GZ`fbl_#deZ\brm#K;J1IJ?>MIJ1#^ey#
k[jhkZ#\k_o#lj_\h]1
441 7Hklbjh\Zgb_#lj_\h]b#G?L#G:IJY@1#K?LB1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
<uihegycl_#w lhl#l_kl#lhevdh#ijb#iheghf#aZjy^_#[ZlZj_b1#
+Hij_^_ebl_#aZjy^#\gmlj_gg_c#[ZlZj_b#k#ihfhsvx#bg^bdZlhjZ
KL?I?GV#A:JY>:#<GMLJ1#;:L:J?B1,

451 >Zcl_#\hafh`ghklv#ZiiZjZlm#B<E#h[_ki_qblv#g_#f_g__#6#^uoZl_evguo#
pbdeh\/#aZl_f#hlkh_^bgbl_#rgmj#iblZgby#hl#k_lb#i_j_f_ggh]h#lhdZ1
........

E-2
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 3 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

L_klbjh\Zgb_#lj_\h] E
..............................................................................
461 ?keb#j_a_j\gZy#[ZlZj_y#\#jZ[hq_f#khklhygbb/#ZiiZjZl#B<E#^he`_g#
\u^Zlv#lj_\h]m#G?L#G:IJY@1#K?LB1#+?keb#^hklmigh#f_g__#8#fbgml#
iblZgby#hl#j_a_j\ghc#[ZlZj_b/#ZiiZjZl#\u^Z_l#lj_\h]#G?L#
IBL:GBY1,
471 Ih^kh_^bgbl_#kgh\Z#rgmj#iblZgby#d#k_lb1#Lj_\h]Z#G?L#IBL:GBY#
beb#G?L#G:IJY@?GBY#K?LB#^he`gZ#Z\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jhkblvky1
481 L_klbjh\Zgb_#lj_\h]b#:IGHW=#MklZgh\bl_#ke_^mxsb_#gZkljhcdb=
J_`bf KIHGL
I:JF?LJU#:IGHW=
Q:KLHL:#>UO:GBC 8#2fbg
>UO:L?EVGUC#H;T?F 733#e
IBDH<UC#IHLHD 43#e2fbg
IH>>?J@D:#>:<E?GB?F 3#kf+52#+3#]IZ,
:iiZjZl#B<E#^he`_g#\u^Z\Zlv#lj_\h]m#:IGHW#\#l_q_gb_#53#k_dmg^#
ihke_#lh]h/#dZd#[ue#hdhgq_g#ihke_^gbc#^uoZl_evguc#pbde1

IJBF?Q:GB?=
Qlh[u#ba[_`Zlv#aZimkdZ#^uoZgby#\#l_q_gb_#530k_dmg^gh]h#bgl_j\ZeZ#
:IGHW/#g_#ljh]Zcl_#Äl_klh\h_#e_]dh_³1

491 Kh`fbl_#Äl_klh\h_#e_]dh_³#^\Z`^u/#qlh[u#bffblbjh\Zlv#
^\Zihke_^mxsbo#^uoZl_evguo#pfdeZ/#bgbpbbjm_fuo#iZpb_glhf1#
Lj_\h]Z#:IGHW#^he`gZ#k[jhkblky#Z\lhfZlbq_kdb1
4:1 L_klbjh\Zgb_#lj_\h]b#GBADBC#(#251#MklZgh\bl_#ke_^mxsb_#
gZkljhcdb1
J_`bf <KIHFH=:L?EVGU?
Q:KLHL:#>UO:GBC=# 53#2fbg
>UO:L?EVGUC#H;T?F# 4333#fe
IBDH<UC#IHLHD# 93#e2fbg
IE:LH# 3#k_d
<UKHDH?#>:<E?GB? <3#kf+52#+<3#]IZ,
(#25# 433#(
Ih^h`^bl_#69#k_dmg^#^ey#klZ[bebaZpbb#gZkljhcdb#(#25#+\u[jZgguc#
(#25#klZ[bebabjm_lky#ihke_#lh]h/#dZd#ZiiZjZl#h[_ki_qbl#45#e#
^uoZl_evgh]h#h[t_fZ,1
........

E-3
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 4 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

E L_klbjh\Zgb_#lj_\h]
..........................................................................
4;1 Hlkh_^bgbl_#\oh^ghc#ihjl#dbkehjh^Z1
4<1 :iiZjZl#B<E#^he`_g#\u^Zlv#lj_\h]m#G1#IH>:Q:#H5#\#l_q_gb_#
^\mo#^uoZl_evguo#pbdeh\#b#lj_\h]m#GBADBC#(#25#\#l_q_gb_#
63k_dmg^1
531 Ih^kh_^bgbl_#\oh^ghc#ihjl#dbkehjh^Z1#Lj_\h]b#G1#IH>:Q:#H5#
b#GBADBC#(#25#^he`gu#[m^ml#Z\lhfZlbq_kdb#k[jhkblky#\#
l_q_gb_#63#k_dmg^1
L_klbjh\Zgb_#lj_\h]#aZ\_jr_gh1#
........

E-4
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
Khe_ghb^u#dbkehjh^Z
Ij_h[jZah\Z0
KHE?GHB># l_ev#^Z\e_gby#
>:<E?GBY#3&% j_]meylhjZ#
dbkehjh^Z

Kf_rb\Zx0
GZkhk#3((3 <oh^ghc# sbc#ljm[h0
ijh\_0 >Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z Nblbg]#
ijh\h^
K[hjdZ#

*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
jhqguc# dbkeh0
ihjr_gv2 deZiZg jh^Z
Fhlhj2# pbebg^j J_]meylhj#
dh^bjh\sbd 5
dbkehjh^Z
61986a.book Page 1 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Nbevlj J_a_j\mZj#3((3 Khe_ghb^#


\u^hoZ =emrbl_ev

4
Nbevlj#
<uoh^ghc# \ha^moh0
ihjl aZ[hj0
ljm[dZ# gbdZ
Ä\_glmjb³
K[hjdZ#gZ]j_\Zl_ey
DeZiZg# L_jfbklhj
DeZiZg#
\u^hoZ ijh\_jdb#
\u^hoZ
L_jfbklhjgZy# :\lhk[jZku\Z_fuc#
k[hjdZ :\lhk[jZku\Z_fuc# khe_ghb^#
khe_ghb^# ij_h[jZah\Zl_ey#
Ig_\fZlbq_kdZy#ko_fZ#

>Zlqbd# ij_h[jZah\Zl_ey# ^Z\e_gby#pbebg^jZ


ihlhdZ# ^Z\e_gby#\u^hoZ#
\u^hoZ

Nbevlj#\^hoZ
Nbevlj#\u^hoZ

4# #<uoh^ghc#ijh\_jhqguc#deZiZg
5# #DhZiZg#[_ahiZkghkl
)

Dhee_dlhj

:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
D#iZpb_glm
F

........
Ijbeh`_gb_

F-1
.............................................................................
61986a.book Page 2 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

F Ig_\fZlbq_kdZy#ko_fZ
..........................................................................
........

F-2
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 1 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ijbeh`_gb_

=ehkkZjbc# * G
.............................................................................
2fbg >uoZgbc#\#fbgmlm#+_^bgbpZ#baf_j_gby#qZklhlu#^uoZgby,1

( 25 Ijhp_glgh_#kh^_j`Zgb_#dbkehjh^Z#\#\ha^mrghc#kf_kb/#
ihklZ\ey_fhc#iZpb_glm

$2& kf1#<KIHFH=:L?EVGU?

DF I_j_f_gguc#lhd

%736 KlZg^Zjlgu_#l_fi_jZlmjZ#6:#]jZ^mkh\#P_evkby#b#[Zjhf_ljbq_kdh_#
^Z\e_gby#ijb#hlghkbl_evghc#\eZ`ghklb#\#433(#+%RG\#WHPSHUDWXUH#
DQG#SUHVVXUH/#VDWXUDWHG,1

&( Hlf_ldZ/#hagZqZxsZy#khhl\_lkl\b_#^bj_dlb\_#0HGLFDO#'HYLFH#
'LUHFWLYH/#<62752((&1

&6$ DZgZ^kdZy#ZkkhpbZpby#ih#klZg^ZjlZf#+&DQDGLDQ#6WDQGDUGV#
$VVRFLDWLRQ,1

GF I_j_f_gguc#lhd1

',66 KlZg^Zjl#[_ahiZkghklb#^ey#\oh^gh]h#nblbg]Z#]ZaZ#k#\ukhdbf#
^Z\e_gb_f#+'LDPHWHU#LQGH[#VDIHW\#VWDQGDUG,1

(0& We_dljhfZ]gblgZy#kh\f_klbfhklv#+(OHFWURPDJQHWLF#FRPSDWLELOLW\,1

(1 ?\jhi_ckdZy#ghjfZ#+(XURSHDQ#QRUP,1

)L25 NjZdpby#dbkehjh^Z#\h#\^uoZ_fhf#]Za_/#h[uqgh#\ujZ`_ggZy#dZd#
( 25

IW nml#+_^bgbpZ#baf_j_gby#^ebgu,1

+0( L_ieh#b#\eZ]hh[f_ggbd#++HDW0PRLVWXUH#H[FKDQJHU>#Äbkdmkkl\_gguc#
ghk³,1#

OE nmgl#+_^bgbpZ#baf_j_gby#\_kZ,1

,(& F_`^mgZjh^gZy#We_dljhl_ogbq_kdZy#Dhffbkkby#+,QWHUQDWLRQDO#
(OHFWURWHFKQLFDO#&RPPLVVLRQ,1

,62 F_`^mgZjh^gZy#Hj]ZgbaZpby#KlZg^Zjlh\#+,QWHUQDWLRQDO#6WDQGDUGV#
2UJDQL]DWLRQ,1
........

G-1
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 2 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

G =ehkkZjbc
..........................................................................
05, FZ]gblguc#j_ahgZgk#+0DJQHWLF#UHVRQDQFH#LPDJLQJ,1

1,67 KlZg^Zjl#\oh^gh]h#nblbg]Z#^ey#]ZaZ#k#\ukhdbf#^Z\e_gb_f#
+1RQ0LQWHUFKDQJHDEOH#VFUHZ#WKUHDG,1

25 Dbkehjh^1

2,0 Bgbpbbjm_fh_#hi_jZlhjhf#ijbgm^bl_evgh_#^uoZgb_/#
h[_ki_qb\Z_fh_#ijb#gZ`Zlbb#deZ\brb#JMQGHC#<>HO#
+2SHUDWRU0LQLWLDWHG#PDQGDWRU\#EUHDWK,1

3((3 3RVLWLYH#HQG#H[SLUDWRU\#SUHVVXUH1#Iheh`bl_evgh_#dhg_qgh_#^Z\e_gb_#
\u^hoZ#0#I>D<1

3((32&3$3 Iheh`bl_evgh_#dhg_qgh_#^Z\e_gb_#\u^hoZ2Ihklhyggh_#
iheh`bl_evgh_#^Z\e_gb_#\#^uoZl_evguo#imlyo1#FbgbfZevguc#
mjh\_gv#^Z\e_gby/#ih^^_j`b\Z_fuc#\#dhglmj_#iZpb_glZ#\#
ijhp_kk_#\_glbeypbb#+3RVLWLYH#HQG#H[SLUDWRU\#SUHVVXUH2FRQWLQXRXV#
SRVLWLYH#DLUZD\#SUHVVXUH,1

3&9 <_glbeypby#k#dhgljhe_f#ih#^Z\e_gbx#+SUHVVXUH#FRQWURO#YHQWLODWLRQ,/#
ijb#dhlhjhc#ZiiZjZl#B<E#h[_ki_qb\Z_l#^uoZlgb_#k#aZ^Zgguf#
^Z\e_gb_f#\^hoZ#\#l_q_gb_#aZ^Zggh]h#\j_f_gb#\^hoZ#beb#
khhlghr_gby#\^ho=\u^ho1#>hklmigZ#lhevdh#gZ#ZiiZjZlb_#B<E#:93#
\#j_`bfZo#<KIHFH=:L?EVGU?#b#6,091

3,0 Bgbpbbjm_fh_#iZpb_glhf#ijbgm^bl_evgh_#^uoZgb_#
+3DWLHQW0LQLWLDWHG#PDQGDWRU\#EUHDWK,1

3267 Ijhp_^mjZ#kZfhl_klbjh\Zgby/#dhlhjZy#aZimkdZ_lky#ijb#\dexq_gbb#
iblZgby#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#beb#ijb#\hah[gh\e_gbb#ghjfZevghc#
\_glbeypbb#+3RZHU0RQ#VHOI0WHVW,1

369 <_glbeypby#F#ih^^_j`dhc#^Z\e_gby#+SUHVVXUH#VXSSRUW#YHQWLODWLRQ,/#
ijb#dhlhjhc#iheh`bl_evgh_#^Z\e_gb_#h[_ki_qb\Z_lky#\#l_q_gb_#
nZau#\^hoZ#kihglZggh]h#^uoZgby1#>hklmigZ#\#j_`bfZo#KIHGL#b#
6,091

6,09 Kbgojhgbabjh\ZggZy#ij_ju\bklZy#ijbgm^bl_evgZy#\_glbeypby#
+6\QFKURQRXV#LQWHUPLWWHQW#PDQGDWRU\#YHQWLODWLRQ,1#J_`bf/#
iha\heyxsbc#ZiiZjZlm#B<E#h[_ki_qb\Zlv#dhf[bgZpbx#
ijbgm^bl_evguo#b#kihglZgguo#^uoZgbc/#kbgojhgbabjh\Zgguo#k#
^uoZl_evgufb#mkbebyfb#iZpb_glZ#k#ihfhsvx#ljb]]_jZ1

61 K_jbcguc#ghf_j1
........

G-2
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 3 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

=ehkkZjbc G
..............................................................................
673' KlZg^ZjlgZy#l_fi_jZlmjZ#b#^Z\e_gbb_/#\eZ`ghklv#+6WDQGDUG#
WHPSHUDWXUH#DQG#SUHVVXUH/#GU\,>#\#KR:#673'# #:93#ff+J#
ijb#54144ƒ#&/#\#?\jhi_#673'# #:93#ff+J#ijb#3 ƒ&1

692 DeZiZg#[_ahiZkghklb#hldjul/#mkeh\b_/#ijb#dhlhjhf#ZiiZjZl#B<E#
g_#jZ[hlZ_l/#b#deZiZg#[_ahiZkghklb#hldjul/#qlh[u#iha\heblv#
iZpb_glm#^urZlv#dhfgZlguf#\ha^mohf#[_a#ihfhsb#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#
+6DIHW\#YDOYH#RSHQ,1

7E I_jbh^#^uoZgby#6,091

7L <j_fy#\^hoZ1

7P I_jbh^#ijbgm^bl_evgh]h#^uoZgby#6,091

7V I_jbh^#kihglZggh]h#^uoZgby#6,091

9&9 <_glbeypby#k#dhgljhe_f#ih#h[t_fm#+YROXPH#FRQWURO#YHQWLODWLRQ,/#
ijb#dhlhjhc#ZiiZjZl#B<E#h[_ki_qb\Z_l#^uoZl_evguc#h[t_f#b#
ibdh\uc#ihlhd1#>hklmigZ#\#j_`bfZo#<KIHFH=:L?EVGU?#b#
6,091

9,0 Bgbpbbjm_fh_#ZiiZjZlhf#B<E#ijbgm^bl_evgh_#^uoZgb_#
+9HQWLODWRU0LQLWLDWHG#PDQGDWRU\#EUHDWK,1
1
90$; FZdkbfZevguc#mjh\_gv#ihlhdZ/#g_h[oh^bfuc#ZiiZjZlm#B<E#gZ#
\oh^ghf#jZat_f_#dbkehjh^Z1

97 >uoZl_evguc#h[t_f1

$ :fi_j#+_^bgbpZ#baf_j_gby#kbeu#lhdZ,1

Z\lhk[jhk#lj_\h] K[jhk#lj_\h]b#\ke_^kl\b_#kZfhmkljZg_gby#\ua\Z\r_]h#__#mkeh\by1

:IGHW HklZgh\dZ#^uoZgby1#:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:33#hij_^_ey_l#:IGHW#
b#gZqbgZ_l#\_glbeypbx#\#lhf#kemqZ_/#_keb#iZpb_gl#g_#\uau\Z_l#
^uoZgby#\#l_q_gb_#530k_dmg^gh]h#bgl_j\ZeZ#:IGHW#\#j_`bf_#K
IHGL1#

;?A#IJH<H>:# Lbi#^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ/#dhlhjuc#g_#\dexqZ_l#ijh\h^#gZ]j_\Z#\#
G:=J?<: ebgbyo#\^hoZ#b#\u^hoZ1

< <hevl#+_^bgbpZ#baf_j_gby#gZijy`_gby,1

<: <hevl0:fi_j#+_^bgbpZ#baf_j_gby#fhsghklb,1
........

G-3
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 4 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

G =ehkkZjbc
..........................................................................
<?GL1#G?# Mkeh\b_/#ijb#dhlhjhf#ZiiZjZl#B<E#g_bkijZ\_g/#b#deZiZg#
>?CKL<M?L [_ahiZkghklb#hldjul/#qlh[u#iha\heblv#iZpb_glm#^urZlv#
dhfgZlguf#\ha^mohf#[_a#ihfhsb#ZiiZjZlZ1#Ij_`^_#q_f#kfh`_l#
ijh^he`blvky#ghjfZevgZy#\_glbeypby/#g_h[oh^bfh/#qlh[u#
d\Zebnbpbjh\Zgguc#k_j\bkguc#ki_pbZebkl#\dexqbe#ZiiZjZl#
B<E#b#\uihegbe#iheguc#\gmlj_ggbc#l_kl#+I<L,1

<D> <_glbeypby#k#dhgljhe_f#ih#^Z\e_gbx1#Kf1#3&91

<DH <_glbeypby#k#dhgljhe_f#ih#h[t_fm1#Kf1#9&91

<I> <_glbeypby#k#ih^^_j`dhc#^Z\e_gb_f1#Kf1#3691

<J?FY#<>HO: <j_fy#\^hoZ#^hklmigh#lhevdh#gZ#ZiiZjZl_#B<E#:931#DZd#gZkljhcdZ#
ZiiZjZlZ/#\u[jZggZy#k#ihfhsvx#deZ\brb#F?GX/#hij_^_ey_l#
kbgojhgbaZpbx#^uoZl_evgh]h#pbdeZ#^ey#\_glbeypbb#3&91#DZd#
hlh[jZ`Z_fu_#^Zggu_#iZpb_glZ#ihdZau\Z_l#baf_j_ggh_#\j_fy#
\^hoZ1

<J?F?GGHC# GZkljhcdZ#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E/#hij_^_eyxsZy/#dZd#[ukljh#ZiiZjZl#
N:DLHJ#JHKL: ^hklb]Z_l#p_e_\h]h#^Z\e_gby#\^hoZ1#>hklmigZ#lhevdh#gZ#ZiiZjZl_#
B<E#:93#^ey#\_glbeypbb#3&9#b#3691

\ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZ Lj_\h]Z/#dhlhjZy#lj_[m_l#g_f_^e_ggh]h#j_Z]bjh\Zgby#^ey#
y#lj_\h]Z h[_ki_q_gby#[_ahiZkghklb#iZpb_glZ1#Dh]^Z#\ukhdhijbhjbl_lgZy#
lj_\h]Z#klZgh\blky#Zdlb\ghc/#gZqbgZ_l#fb]Zlv#djZkguc#bg^bdZlhj#
IJ?>MIJ?@>?GB?/#b#a\mqbl#a\mdh\hc#kb]gZe#\ukhdh]h#
ijbhjbl_lZ#+ih\lhjyxsZyky#ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv#ba#6#b#aZl_f#
5 ]m^dh\,1

<KIHFH=:0 J_`bf#$VVLVW2&RQWURO#+\kihfh]Zl_evguc2ijbgm^bl_evguc,1#
L?EVGU? Iha\hey_l#iZpb_glm/#ZiiZjZlm#beb#hi_jZlhjm#bgbpbbjh\Zlv#
ijbgm^bl_evgh_#^uoZgb_1

]IZ ]_dlhIZkdZev#+_^bgbpZ#baf_j_gby#^Z\e_gby,/#jZ\_g#ijbf_jgh#
4kf+521

=p ]_jp#+_^bgbpZ#baf_j_gby#qZklhlu,/#h^bg#pbde#\#k_dmg^m1

>:<E?GB?# >Z\e_gb_#\^hoZ#^hklmigh#lhevdh#gZ#ZiiZjZl_#B<E#:931#
<>HO: Hij_^_ey_l#^Z\e_gb_/#ij_\urZxs__#J??J/#\#l_q_gb_#nZau#\^hoZ#
^ey#\_glbeypbb#3&91

>:<E?GB?# >Z\e_gb_#dhgpZ#\^hoZ#0#w lh#^Zggu_#iZpb_glZ/#hlh[jZ`Z_fu_#


DHGP:#<>HO: lhevdh#gZ#ZiiZjZl_#B<E#:931#Wlh#^Z\e_gb_/#baf_j_ggh_#\#dhgp_#
\^hoZ/#bkdexqZy#ieZlh1
........

G-4
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 5 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

=ehkkZjbc G
..............................................................................
^uoZl_evguc# Iheguc#dhglmj#^ey#h[_ki_q_gby#\^hoZ#b#\u^hoZ/#\dexqZy#ljm[db/#
dhglmj m\eZ`gbl_ev#b#\eZ]hk[hjgbdb1

^uoZl_evguc#h[t_f H[t_f/#h[_ki_qb\Z_fuc#iZpb_glm#\#l_q_gb_#ijbgm^bl_evgh]h#
^uoZl_evgh]h#pbdeZ1#>uoZl_evguc#h[t_f/#h[_ki_qb\Z_fuc#
ZiiZjZlhf#B<E#:73/#dhfieZcgk0dhfi_gkbjh\Zgguc#b#
kdhjj_dlbjh\Zgguc#k#l_fi_jZlmjhc#b#^Z\e_gb_f#q_eh\_dZ#+%736,1

D<L Dhjhldbc#\gmlj_ggbc#l_kl/#dhlhjuc#ijh\_jy_l#p_ehklghklv#
dhglmjZ/#\uqbkey_l#dhfieZcgk#dhglmjZ#b#khijhlb\e_gb_#nbevljZ/#
b#ijh\_jy_l#nmgdpbb#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E1#D<L#aZimkdZ_lky#hi_jZlhjhf/#
k#ijhf_`mldZfb#kh]eZkgh#ijhlhdhem#\Zr_]h#mqj_`^_gby1

d] dbeh]jZff#+_^bgbpZ#baf_j_gby#\_kZ,1

debgbq_kdZy# Lj_\h]Z/#bgbpbbjm_fZy#gZkljhcdZfb#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#beb#
lj_\h]Z khklhygb_f#iZpb_glZ/#dhlhjZy#fh`_l#\hagbdZlv#ijb#h[uqghf#
dmjk_#moh^Z#aZ#iZpb_glhf1

dhfieZcgk Ih^Zleb\hklv#beb#jZkly`bfhklv#e_]dbo#iZpb_glZ1

e eblj#+_^bgbpZ#baf_j_gby#h[t_fZ,1

e2fbg ebljh\#\#fbgmlm#+_^bgbpZ#baf_j_gby#kdhjhklb#ihlhdZ,1

f f_lj#+_^bgbpZ#baf_j_gby#^ebgu,1

fbg fbgmlZ#+_^bgbpZ#baf_j_gby#\j_f_gb,1

fbgmlguc#h[t_f H[t_f/#ihklZ\ey_fuc#iZpb_glm#aZ#4#fbgmlm#+97#[#QZklhlZ#
^uoZgby,1#:iiZjZl#B<E#:73#hp_gb\Z_l#iheguc#fbgmlguc#h[t_f/#
[Zabjmykv#gZ#ij_^u^msbo#93#k_dmg^Zo#beb#;#^uoZl_evguo#pbdeZo#
+dZdhc#bgl_j\Ze#dhjhq_,1

fe fbeebeblj#+_^bgbpZ#baf_j_gby#h[t_fZ,1

fk_d fbeebk_dmg^Z#+_^bgbpZ#baf_j_gby#\j_f_gb,1

G1#>:<E?GB?#G:# Lj_\h]Z/#mdZau\ZxsZy/#qlh#dhgljhebjm_fh_#^Z\e_gb_#dhglmjZ#
<>HO? gb`_#gZkljhcdb#lj_\h]b#\#dhgp_#\^hoZ1

ghjfZevgZy# Khklhygb_#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E/#ijb#dhlhjhf#h[_ki_qb\Z_lky#^uoZgb_#b#
\_glbeypby g_l#Zdlb\guo#lj_\h]#+ij_^mij_`^_gbc,1

I:J:F?LJU# IZjZf_lju#:IGHW/#gZkljhcdb#\_glbeypbb#:IGHW1#<#j_`bf_#K
:IGHW IHGL#ZiiZjZl#B<E#gZqbgZ_l#\_glbeypbx#:IGHW/#_keb#\#l_q_gb_#
53#k_dmg^gh]h#bgl_j\ZeZ#:IGHW#g_#[ueh#h[_ki_q_gh#gb#h^gh]h#
^uoZl_evgh]h#pbdeZ1#
........

G-5
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 6 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

G =ehkkZjbc
..........................................................................
I:MA:#<>HO: IZmaZ#\^hoZ#^hklmigZ#lhevdh#gZ#ZiiZjZl_#B<E#:931#AZdju\Z_l#
deZiZg#\u^hoZ#\#dhgp_#nZau#\^hoZ#ijbgm^bl_evgh]h#^uoZl_evgh]h#
pbdeZ/#ihdZ#g_#^hklb]gmlh#klZ[bevgh_#ieZlh#+^ey#djZldh\j_f_gghc#
iZmau,#beb#ihdZ#\u#m^_j`b\Z_l_#deZ\brm#+^ey#jZkrbj_gghc#
iZmau,1#Bkihevam_lky#^ey#jZkq_lZ#dhfieZcgkZ#+#^ey#
ijbgm^bl_evguo#^uoZgbc#9&9#b#3&9,#b#khijhlb\e_gby#iZpb_glZ#
+^ey#ijbgm^bl_evgh]h#^uoZgby#9&9,1

I:MA:#<U>HO: IZmaZ#\u^hoZ#^hklmigZ#lhevdh#gZ#ZiiZjZl_#B<E#:931#AZdju\Z_l#
deZiZg#\u^hoZ#\#dhgp_#nZau#\u^hoZ/#ihdZ#gZ`ZlZ#deZ\brZ#I:MA:#
<U>HO:1#Bkihevam_lky#^ey#jZkq_lZ#
Z\lh0J??J#iZpb_glZ1

iZmaZ# Ijb]emrZ_l#a\mdh\hc#kb]gZe#ij_^mij_`^_gby#+lj_\h]b,#gZ#
ij_^mij_`^_gby# 5 fbgmlu#ihke_#gZ`Zlby#deZ\brb/#gh#g_#baf_gy_l#\bamZevgu_#
+lj_\h]b, bg^bdZlhju1

I<L Iheguc#\gmlj_ggbc#l_kl/#bkq_jiu\Zxsbc#l_kl#nmgdpbc#ZiiZjZlZ#
B<E/#^he`_g#\uihegylvky#d\Zebnbpbjh\Zgguf#k_j\bkguf#
ki_pbZebklhf1

ibdh\h_#^Z\e_gb_ >Z\e_gb_#\#ljhcgbd_#iZpb_glZ/#baf_j_ggh_#\#dhgp_#\^hoZ#
+bkdexqZy#ieZlh/#_keb#hgh#bf__lky,1

ibdh\uc#ihlhd FZdkbfZevguc#ihlhd#]ZaZ/#h[_ki_qb\Z_fuc#\#l_q_gb_#
ijbgm^bl_evgh]h#\^hoZ1#+Kh\f_klgh#k#^uoZl_evguf#h[t_fhf#b#
ieZlh#ihklhygguc#ibdh\uc#ihlhd#hij_^_ey_l#\j_fy#\^hoZ,1

ieZlh <j_fy#nZau#\^hoZ#ijbgm^bl_evgh]h#^uoZgby/#ijh^he`Zxs__ky#
ihke_#lh]h/#dZd#ihlhd#\^hoZ#ij_djZlbeky#+aZ^_j`dZ#^uoZgby,1

ih^^_j`dZ#^Z\e_gby >Z\e_gb_#\ur_#J??J/#ih^^_j`b\Z_fh_#\#l_q_gb_#kihglZggh]h#
\^hoZ1

ihlhd#dhgpZ#\^hoZ Ihlhd#\#ljhcgbd_#iZpb_glZ#\#dhgp_#nZau#\^hoZ1#Lhevdh#^ey#
ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#:93#ihlhd#dhgpZ#\^hoZ#hlh[jZ`Z_lky#\#hdg_#
khh[s_gbc#\#dhgp_#dZ`^h]h#^uoZl_evgh]h#pbdeZ#ijb#\_glbeypbb#
3&9#beb#369#b#fh`_l#bkihevah\Zlvky#^ey#hp_gdb#gZkljhcdb#
QM<KL<BL?EVGHKLV#<U>HO:1#

ijbgm^bl_evgh_ >uoZgb_#ih#mklZgh\e_gguf#iZjZf_ljZf#b#kbgojhgbaZpbb>#fh`_l#
aZimkdZlvky#ZiiZjZlhf/#iZpb_glhf#beb#hi_jZlhjhf1#
Ijbgm^bl_evgh_#^uoZgb_#hij_^_ey_lky#lj_fy#ba#q_luj_o#
iZjZf_ljh\=#^uoZl_evguc#h[t_f/#nhjfZ#djb\hc#ihlhdZ/#\j_fy#
\^hoZ#b#ieZlh#+iZmaZ#\^hoZ,1
........

G-6
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 7 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

=ehkkZjbc G
..............................................................................
ijhnbeZdlbdZ GZ[hj#ijhp_^mj/#g_h[oh^bfuo#^ey#ih^^_j`Zgby#kbkl_fu#\#
jZ[hlhkihkh[ghf#khklhygbb/#\dexqZxsbc#l_klbjh\Zgb_#kbkl_fu/#
h[gZjm`_gb_#b#mkljZg_gb_#k[h_\1#<dexqZ_l=#h[kem`b\Zgb_/#
j_fhgl/#fh^bnbdZpbx/#hkfhlj#b#\uiheg_gb_#g_h[oh^bfuo#l_klh\1

ijhnbeZdlbq_kdh_# <uiheg_gb_#ijhp_^mj/#dhlhju_#kihkh[kl\mxl#ih^^_j`Zgbx#
h[kem`b\Zgb_ kbkl_fu#\#jZ[hlhkihkh[ghf#khklhygbb/#\dexqZy#l_klbjh\Zgb_#
kbkl_fu/#h[gZjm`_gb_#b#mkljZg_gb_#k[h_\1#<dexqZ_l=#aZf_gm#
hoeZ`^Zxs_]h#\_glbeylhjZ#b#nbevljZ/#kfZadm/#dZeb[jh\dm#b#l1i1

j_`bf#\_glbeypbb# J_`bf#\_glbeypbb/#^_ckl\mxsbc#\#l_q_gb_#hkljhc#hddexabb1#
hddexabb < w lhf#j_`bf_#ZiiZjZl#B<E#hldju\Z_l#deZiZgu#[_ahiZkghklb#b#
\u^hoZ#^ey#\uimkdZ#ba[ulhqgh]h#^Z\e_gby/#aZl_f#iulZ_lky#
ihklZ\blv#^uoZgb_/#bkihevamy#baf_g_ggu_#gZkljhcdb1#?keb#
ZiiZjZl#kgh\Z#hij_^_ey_l#hddexabx#beb#ijh^he`Zxs__ky#
khklhygb_#\ukhdh]h#^Z\e_gby/#hg#\gh\v#hldju\Z_l#deZiZgu#
[_ahiZkghklb#b#\u^hoZ#^ey#\uimkdZ#ba[ulhqgh]h#^Z\e_gby/#aZl_f#
\hah[gh\ey_l#j_`bf#\_glbeypbb#hddexabb1

j_`bf#h`b^Zgby Khklhygb_#h`b^Zgby/#ijb#dhlhjhf#g_l#\_glbeypbb1#Bkihevam_lky#
^ey#ih^^_j`Zgby#gZkljh_d#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#b#aZjy^Z#[ZlZj_c1

jmqghc#\^ho MklZgZ\eb\Z_fh_#hi_jZlhjhf#ijbgm^bl_evgh_#^uoZgb_1#GZ`Zlb_#
deZ\brb#JMQGHC#<>HO#gZ#ZiiZjZl_#B<E#:73#h[_ki_qb\Z_l#
iZpb_glm#h^bg#ijbgm^bl_evguc#^uoZl_evguc#pbde1

K#IJH<H>HF# Lbi#^uoZl_evgh]h#dhglmjZ/#dhlhjuc#\dexqZ_l#ijh\h^#gZ]j_\Z#\#
G:=J?<: ebgbb#\u^hoZ#beb#\#ebgbyo#\^hoZ#b#\u^hoZ1

k[jhk# K[jhk#\k_o#bg^bdZlhjh\#lj_\h]#b#hlf_gZ#iZmau#lj_\h]b1
ij_^mij_`^_gbc#
+lj_\h],

k_d k_dmg^Z#+_^bgbpZ#baf_j_gby#\j_f_gb,1

kf kZglbf_lj#+_^bgpZ#baf_j_gby#^ebgu,1

kf+52 kZglbf_lj#\h^ygh]h#klhe[Z#+_^bgbpZ#baf_j_gby#^Z\e_gby,1#
Ijb[ebabl_evgh#jZ\_g#4#]_dlhIZkdZex1

khhlghr_gb_# Hlghr_gb_#\j_f_gb#\^hoZ#dh#\j_f_gb#\u^hoZ1#Wlh#gZkljhcdZ/#
\^ho=\u^ho hij_^_eyxsZy#kbgojhgbaZpbx#^uoZl_evgh]h#pbdeZ#ijb#
\_glbeypbb#3&91#Lhevdh#^ey#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#:931

khijhlb\e_gb_ I_j_iZ^#^Z\e_gby/#\hagbdZxsbc#\ke_^kl\b_#h]jZgbq_gby#
\ha^mrgh]h#ihlhdZ#gZ#imlb#_]h#ke_^h\Zgby1#Baf_jy_lky#\#
kf+522e2k_d#beb#]IZ2e2k_d1
........

G-7
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 8 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

G =ehkkZjbc
..........................................................................
KIHGL KihglZggZy#\_glbeypby/#j_`bf/#ijb#dhlhjhf#iZpb_gl#bgbpbbjm_l#
\k_#^uoZgby/#h[_ki_qb\Z_fu_#ZiiZjZlhf#B<E#[_a#mklZgh\e_gghc#
ijbgm^bl_evghc#qZklhlu#^uoZgby#
+530k_dmg^guc#bgl_j\Ze#:IGHW#]ZjZglbjm_l#fbgbfZevgmx#
qZklhlm#\#6#^uoZl_evguo#pbdeZ#\#fbgmlm,1#IZpb_gl#mijZ\ey_l#
iZjZf_ljZfb#^uoZgby/#b#^uoZgb_#fh`_l#m\_ebqb\Zlvky#k#
ihfhsvx#ih^^_j`db#^Z\e_gby1

kj_^g__#^Z\e_gb_ <uqbke_gb_#baf_j_ggh]h#kj_^g_]h#^Z\e_gby#^uoZl_evgh]h#
dhglmjZ#aZ#iheguc#j_kibjZlhjguc#pbde1

kj_^g_ijbhjbl_lgZy# Lj_\h]Z/#dhlhjZy#lj_[m_l#h[yaZl_evgh]h#ijb\e_q_gby#\gbfZgby1#
lj_\h]Z Dh]^Z#kj_^g_ijbhjbl_lgZy#lj_\h]Z#Zdlb\gZ/#k\_lblky#`_eluc#
mdZaZl_ev#<GBF:GB?#b#a\mqbl#kj_^g_ijbhjbl_lguc#kb]gZe#
lj_\h]b#+ih\lhjyxsZyky#ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv#lj_o#]m^dh\,1

l_ogbq_kdZy#lj_\h]Z Lj_\h]Z/#dhlhjZy#bgbpbbjm_lky#ihklhygguf#nhgh\uf#l_klhf#
ZiiZjZlZ#B<E#b/#dZd#ijZ\beh/#g_#ijhbkoh^bl#ijb#ghjfZevghf#
dmjk_#moh^Z#aZ#iZpb_glhf1

qZklhlZ#^uoZgby DZd#gZkljhcdZ#j_`bfZ#<KIHFH=:L?EVGU?#b#6,09#0#
fbgbfZevgh_#dhebq_kl\h#ijbgm^bl_evguo#^uoZl_evguo#pbdeh\/#
ihemqZ_fuo#iZpb_glhf#\#fbgmlm1#DZd#dhgljhebjm_fh_#agZq_gb_#0#
kj_^g__#ihegh_#dhebq_kl\h#^uoZl_evguo#pbdeh\/#ihklZ\ey_fuo#
iZpb_glm1

QM<KL<BL?EV1# Qm\kl\bl_evghklv#\u^hoZ#0#w lh#gZkljhcdZ#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E/#


<U>HO: hij_^_eyxsZy#ihlhd#+\#e2fbg,/#ijb#dhlhjhf#ZiiZjZl#pbdebq_kdb#
i_j_dexqZ_lky#hl#\^hoZ#d#\u^hom#ijb#\_glbeypbb#3691#>hklmigZ#
lhevdh#gZ#ZiiZjZl_#B<E#:931

qm\kl\bl_evghklv# Ihlhd#\^hoZ/#jZa\b\Z_fuc#iZpb_glhf/#dhlhjuc#aZklZ\ey_l#ZiiZjZl#
ljb]]_jZ B<E#gZqZlv#^uoZl_evguc#pbde#+ijbgm^bl_evguc#beb#
\kihfh]Zl_evguc,1

WLH Wlbe_gl_ljhhdkb^1
........

G-8
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 1 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ij_^f_lguc#mdZaZl_ev +
.............................................................................
: ;
Z\lh03((3/#jZkq_l#k#ihfhsvx#I:MA:# [Zdl_jbZevguc#nbevlj
<U>HO: 4-56, 8-43 \^hoZ
Z\lhdeZ\/#bkihevah\Zgb_ $-9 ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo %-9
Z\lhk[jZku\Z_fu_#lj_\h]b :-6 ijh\_jdZ#khijhlb\e_gby $-<
:IGHW/#\_glbeypby/#kihglZgguc#j_`bf '-7 ijhnbeZdlbdZ $-<
ZiiZjZl#B<E nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_ 4-7
\dexq_gb_#iblZgby 6-4–6-6 \u^hoZ
\u[hj#gZkljh_d 6-7–6-9 ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo %-9
ZiiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:33 ijh\_jdZ#khijhlb\e_gby $-<
\u[hj#gZkljh_d 6-:–6-43 ijhnbeZdlbdZ $-<
hkgh\gu_#ihgylby 4-4–4-: nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_ 4-7
ih^]hlh\dZ#d#jZ[hl_ 6-4–6-43 [ZlZj_b
ijbgpbiu#nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgby '-4–'-9 \g_rgyy
khhl\_lkl\b_#klZg^ZjlZf &-8 ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo %-8
ki_pbnbdZpby &-4–&-< ki_pbnbdZpby &-7
mklZgh\dZ 5-4–5-4: kjhd#kem`[u &-8
nmgdpbhgZevgZy#ko_fZ 4-8 \gmlj_ggyy
nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_ 4-6–4-: ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo %-;
ZiiZjZl#B<E/#^uoZl_evguc#dhglmj ki_pbnbdZpby &-7
mklZgh\dZ 5-43–5-44 kjhd#kem`[u &-8
ZiiZjZl#B<E/#gZkljhcdb [ZlZj_y
baf_g_gb_ 8-4–8-5 \g_rgyy
h]jZgbq_gby 4-49 hibkZgb_ 5-6–5-7
iZjZf_lju#Zighw /#j_]mebjh\dZ 8-7–8-8 hklZ\rbcky#kjhd#kem`[u 9-45
ijbgm^bl_evguc#j_`bf#+3&9, 4-4; mklZgh\dZ 5-7–5-8
ijbgm^bl_evguc#j_`bf#+9&9, 4-4:–4-4; nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_ 4-9
j_`bf2lbi#^uoZgby 4-4: \gmlj_ggyy
baf_g_gb_ 8-4–8-6 bg^bdZlhj#aZjy^Z 5-6
kihglZgguc#j_`bf#+369, 4-53, 4-54 hibkZgb_ 5-5–5-7
ZiiZjZlu#B<E#k_jbb#:33 hklZ\rbcky#kjhd#kem`[u 9-45,
ig_\fZlbq_kdZy#ko_fZ )-4 9-45–9-46
nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_ 4-9
khojZg_gb_#aZjy^Z#ijb#ojZg_gbb 5-7
........

4
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 2 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ij_^f_lguc#mdZaZl_ev
..........................................................................
< \gmlj_ggyy#[ZlZj_y
\\_^_gb_ 4-4–4-67 bg^bdZlhj#aZjy^Z 5-6
\^ho ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo %-;
\u^ho#beb#7,/#\u[hj 9-: hibkZgb_ 5-5–5-7
nbevlj hklZ\rbcky#kjhd#kem`[u 9-45, 9-45–9-46
ijhnbeZdlbdZ $-< ki_pbnbdZpby &-7
\_glbeypbb '-6 kjhd#kem`[u &-8
\_glbeypby nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_ 4-9
ijbgpbiu#nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgby '-4–'-9 \ha^mohaZ[hjgbd
j_`bf nbevlj
6,09/#hibkZgb_ '-7 ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo %-9
\kihfh]Zl_evguc2ijbgm^bl_evguc# ijhnbeZdlbdZ $-45–$-46
+<KIHFH=:L?EVGU?, \kihfh]Zl_evguc2ijbgm^bl_evguc#j_`bf#
hibkZgb_ '-6 \_glbeypbb '-6
deZkkbnbdZpby '-4 \kljh_ggu_#\eZ]hk[hjgbdb/#
ij_^eZ]Z_fu_#ZiiZjZlZfb# ijhnbeZdlbdZ $-44
B<E#:73#b#:93 '-5 \u^ho
kihglZgguc#+KIHGL,/#hibkZgb_ '-7 nbevlj
\_glbeypby#:IGHW ijhnbeZdlbdZ $-<
hibkZgb_ 4-4 \ukhdh_#^Z\e_gb_
\_glbeypby#:IGHW/#kihglZgguc#j_`bf '-7 ijh^he`bl_evgh_
\_glbeypby#k#dhgljhe_f#ih#^Z\e_gbx#+3&9, j_`bf 4-:
gZkljhcdb 4-4;
j_`bf#<KIHFH=:L?EVGU? '-6 =
\_glbeypby#k#dhgljhe_f#ih#h[t_fm#+9&9, ]Z[Zjblu#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E &-5
gZkljhcdb 4-4:–4-4; ]ehkkZjbc *-4–*-;
j_`bf#<KIHFH=:L?EVGU? '-6 ]jZnbq_kdbc#bg^bdZlhj#^Z\e_gby/#
\_glbeypby#k#ih^^_j`dhc#^Z\e_gb_f#+369, hibkZgb_ 4-64
gZkljhcdb 4-53, 4-54 ]jZnbq_kdbc#bg^bdZlhj#h[t_fZ/#
kihglZgguc#j_`bf '-7 ^hklmighklv 9-;
\_jkby#IH/#hlh[jZ`_gb_ 9-45 ]jZnbq_kdbc#bg^bdZlhj#h[t_fZ/#
\_k#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E &-5 hibkZgb_ 4-64
\eZ]hk[hjgbdb/#ijhnbeZdlbdZ $-44 ]jZnbq_kdbc#bg^bdZlhj#h[t_fZ/#
\g_rgyy#[ZlZj_y ijhkfhlj 8-;
ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo %-8 ]jhfdhklv#lj_\h]b
hibkZgb_ 5-6–5-7 ki_pbnbdZpby &-5
hklZ\rbcky#kjhd#kem`[u 9-45
ki_pbnbdZpby &-7 >
kjhd#kem`[u &-8 ^Z\e_gb_
mklZgh\dZ 5-7–5-8 ^Zlqbd/#nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_ 4-9
nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_ 4-9 ^Z\e_gb_/#]jZnbq_kdbc#bg^bdZlhj/#
hibkZgb_ 4-64
........

5
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 3 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ij_^f_lguc#mdZaZl_ev
..............................................................................
^Zggu_#iZpb_glZ/#ijhkfhlj 8-9–8-; ,
^ZlZ#b#\j_fy/#mklZgh\dZ 9-; bg^bdZlhj
^Zlqbd#^Z\e_gby/#nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_ 4-9 <?GLBEYLHJ#G?BKIJ:<?G/#
^Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z hibkZgb_ 4-66
^hklmighklv#^bkie_y#25#( 9-44 <G?RGYY#;:L:J?Y#<DE/#
^hklmighklv#ij_^_eh\#lj_\h]b#25#( 9-43 hibkZgb_ 4-67
bkihevah\Zgb_ 5-44 <GMLJ?GGYY#;:L:J?Y#<DE/#
dZeb[jh\dZ 9-< hibkZgb_ 4-67
ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo %-; <KIHFH=:L1/#hibkZgb_ 4-65
hklZ\rbcky#kjhd#kem`[u 9-45–9-46 DE:I:G#;?AHI:KGHKLB#HLDJUL/#
kjhd#kem`[u &-5 hibkZgb_ 4-67
^Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z/#dZeb[jh\dZ $-44 GHJF:/#hibkZgb_ 4-66
^_abgn_dpby $-9 I:J:F?LJU#:IGHW/#hibkZgb_ 4-58
^_ckl\by $-9 IJ?>HKL?J?@?GB?/#hibkZgb_ 4-66
bkihevah\Zgb_#nhjfZev^_]b^Z#b# IJ?>IHE:=:?FH?/#hibkZgb_ 4-58
IJBGM>BL1/#hibkZgb_ 4-65
n_ghekh^_j`Zsbo#kj_^kl\ $-9
K?LV#<DE2IH>A:JY>D:#;:L:J?C/#
^_j`Zl_ev#dhglmjZ
hibkZgb_ 4-67
ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo %-7
KIHGL/#hibkZgb_ 4-65
mklZgh\dZ#b#mdhjZqb\Zgb_ 5-47–5-48 KL?I?GV#A:JY>:#<GML1;:L1/#
^bkie_c hibkZgb_ 4-67
>:<E?GB? 4-5: L?DMS??/#hibkZgb_ 4-58
G:KLJHCDB#LJ?<H= 4-63–4-64 LJ?<H=:/#hibkZgb_ 4-66
H;T?F 4-5<–4-63 bg^bdZlhj1#kf1#gZa\Zgb_#bg^bdZlhjZ
hdgh#khh[s_gbc/#hibkZgb_ 4-59 bgl_jn_ck#ihevah\Zl_ey#+8,,/#hibkZgb_
KBGOJHGBA:PBY#>UO:GBY 4-5; 4-47–4-67
kf1#gZa\Zgb_#^bkie_y bklhqgbd#dbkehjh^Z/#ih^kh_^bg_gb_ 5-;–5-<
^bkie_c#25#(/#^hklmighklv 9-44 bklhqgbd#iblZgby/#\oh^ghc#^bZiZahg &-6
^hklmighklv#^bkie_y#25#( 9-44
^hklmighklv#ij_^_eh\#lj_\h]b#25#( 9-43 D
^hklmigu_#j_`bfu#b#lbiu#^uoZgby#gZ# dZeb[jh\dZ#^ZlqbdZ#dbkehjh^Z 9-<
ZiiZjZlZo#B<E#:73#b#:93 4-5 dZeb[jh\dZ/#^Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z $-44
^hklmigu_#lbiu#^uoZgby/#ZiiZjZlu#B<E#:73#b# dbkehjh^/#^Zlqbd
:93 8-5 hklZ\rbcky#kjhd#kem`[u 9-45–9-46
^uoZl_evguc#dhglmj dbkehjh^/#reZg]#\#k[hj_/#ghf_jZ#
ki_pbnbdZpby &-;–&-< dhfie_dlmxsbo %-7–%-8
mklZgh\dZ 5-43–5-44 dbkehjh^guc#^Zlqbd
nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_ 4-7 bkihevah\Zgb_ 5-44
^uoZl_evguc#dhglmj#\_glbeylhjZ ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo %-;
ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo %-5–%-6 deZ\bZlmjZ
k_dpby#>:GGU?#I:PB?GL:/#deZ\brb#
b#bg^bdZlhju 4-5:–4-65
A k_dpby#G:KLJHCDB#<?GLBEYLHJ:/#
aZjy^gh_#mkljhckl\h#^ey#\g_rg_c#[ZlZj_b/# deZ\brb#b#bg^bdZlhju 4-48–4-59
ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo %-8–%-9 k_dpby#KL:LMK#<?GLBEYLHJ:/#
deZ\brb#b#bg^bdZlhju 4-66–4-67
hibkZgb_ 4-47–4-67
........

6
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 4 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ij_^f_lguc#mdZaZl_ev
..........................................................................
deZ\brZ deZ\brZ1#kf1#gZa\Zgb_#deZ\brb
(#25/#hibkZgb_ 4-55 deZ\brZ2^bkie_c
433(#25/#bkihevah\Zgb_ 8-< <UKHD:Y#Q:KLHL:/#hibkZgb_ 4-63
433(#25/#hibkZgb_ 4-55 <UKHDBC#>UO:L?EVGUC#H;T?F/#
3&9/hibkZgb_ 4-4: hibkZgb_ 4-63
3((32&3$3/#hibkZgb_ 4-54 <UKHDH?#>:<E?GB?/#hibkZgb_ 4-64
369/#hibkZgb_ 4-4: >HKL:<E?GGUC#H;T?F#+fe,/#
6,09/#hibkZgb_ 4-4: hibkZgb_ 4-5<
9&9/#hibkZgb_ 4-4: GBADBC#>UO:L?EVGUC#H;T?F/#
<<H>/#hibkZgb_ 4-58 hibkZgb_ 4-63
<J?F?GGHC#N:DLHJ#JHKL:/# GBADBC#FBGMLGUC#H;T?F/#
hibkZgb_ 4-4<, 4-53 hibkZgb_ 4-64
<KIHFH=:L?EVGU?/#hibkZgb_ 4-4: GBADH?#>:<E?GB?#G:#<>HO?/#
>:<E?GB?#G:#<>HO?/#hibkZgb_ 4-4; hibkZgb_ 4-63
>UO:L?EVGUC#H;T?F/#hibkZgb_ 4-4: KIHGL:GGUC#FBGMLGUC#H;T?F#
F?GX 9-4–9-46 +e,/#hibkZgb_ 4-63
k\h^dZ#nmgdpbc 9-6–9-7 deZ\brZ2bg^bdZlhj
F?GX/#hibkZgb_ 4-55 3((32&3$3/#hibkZgb_ 4-5:
HQBKLD:/#hibkZgb_ 4-58 <J?FY#<>HO:/#hibkZgb_ 4-5;
I:J:F?LJU#:IGHW/#hibkZgb_ 4-55 >:<E?GB?#IE:LH/#hibkZgb_ 4-5:
I:MA:#<>HO:/#bkihevah\Zgb_ 8-44 H;SBC#FBGMLGUC#H;T?F#+e,/#
I:MA:#<>HO:/#hibkZgb_ 4-57 hibkZgb_ 4-5<
I:MA:#<U>HO:/#bkihevah\Zgb_ 8-43 H;T?F#<U>HO:#+fe,/#hibkZgb_ 4-5<
I:MA:#<U>HO:/#hibkZgb_ 4-56 IBDH<H?#>:<E?GB?/#hibkZgb_ 4-5:
iZmaZ#lj_\h]b/#hibkZgb_ 4-67 KHHLGHR?GB?#<>HO
IBDH<UC#IHLHD/#hibkZgb_ 4-4; <U>HO/#hibkZgb_ 4-5;
IE:LH/#hibkZgb_ 4-4; KJ?>G??#>:<E?GB?/#hibkZgb_ 4-5:
IH>>?J@D:#>:<E?GB?F/# Q:KLHL:2fbg/#hibkZgb_ 4-5;
hibkZgb_ 4-53 deZ\brb#b#bg^bdZlhju 4-47–4-67
JMQGHC#<>HO deZiZg#[_ahiZkghklb#hldjul/#khklhygb_ 4-:
bkihevah\Zgb_#\#D<L#^ey#hlf_gu# deZiZg#\u^hoZ/#nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_ 4-9
k[hy#beb#g_aZ\_jr_gby 7-45 debgbq_kdb_#lj_\h]b
JMQGHC#<>HO/#bkihevah\Zgb_ 8-<–8-43 hibkZgb_ :-8
JMQGHC#<>HO/#hibkZgb_ 4-56 khh[s_gby/#kibkhd :-8–:-45
K;J1#IJ?>MIJ1/#hibkZgb_ 4-67 dhee_dlhj
KIHGL/#hibkZgb_ 4-4: ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo %-9
7,2KHHLGHR?GB?#<>HO ijhnbeZdlbdZ $-43
<U>HO/#hibkZgb_ 4-4< mklZgh\dZ 5-46
Q:KLHL:#>UO:GBY/# nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_ 4-7
hibkZgb_ 4-4:, 4-4; dhfieZcgk#b#khijhlb\e_gb_/#jZkq_l#k#
QM<KL<BL?EV1#<U>HO:/# ihfhsvx#I:MA:#<>HO: 4-57, 8-44
hibkZgb_ 4-54 dhfie_dl#^ey#483330qZk1#ijhnbeZdlbdb/#
QM<KL<BL?EV1#LJB==?J:/# ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo %-;
hibkZgb_ 4-54
........

7
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 5 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ij_^f_lguc#mdZaZl_ev
..............................................................................
dhfie_dl#^ey#633330qZk1#ijhnbeZdlbdb/# G
ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo %-; gZkljhcdZ#\j_f_gb#\#3&9/#\u[hj 9-:
dhgkhev/#hibkZgb_ 4-47–4-67 gZkljhcdb#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E
dhgljhee_j#^\b]Zl_ey/#nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_ 4-7 \u[hj 6-7–6-9, 6-:
dhglmj baf_g_gb_ 8-4–8-5
^_j`Zl_ev h]jZgbq_gby 4-49
mklZgh\dZ#b#mdhjZqb\Zgb_ 5-47–5-48 iZjZf_lju#Zighw /#j_]mebjh\dZ 8-7–8-8
^uoZl_evguc ijbgm^bl_evguc#j_`bf#+3&9, 4-4;
nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_ 4-7 ijbgm^bl_evguc#j_`bf#+9&9, 4-4:–4-4;
ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo %-5–%-6 j_`bf2lbi#^uoZgby 4-4:
dhglmj#iZpb_glZ kihglZgguc#j_`bf#+369, 4-53, 4-54
ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo %-5–%-6 gZkljhcdb#ihevah\Zl_ey
ki_pbnbdZpby &-;–&-< 3&90gZkljhcdZ#\j_f_gb#+7,#beb#\^ho
mklZgh\dZ 5-43–5-44 \u^ho 9-:
nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_ 4-7 ]jZnbq_kdbc#bg^bdZlhj#h[t_fZ 9-;
]jhfdhklv#lj_\h]b 9-:
dhglmj#ih^^_j`db
^ZlZ#b#\j_fy 9-;
ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo %-7
jZaf_j#WL#ljm[db 9-;
dhglmj/#^uoZl_evguc
nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_ 4-7
dhjhldbc#\gmlj_ggbc#l_kl#+D<L,
H
^hklmigu_#deZ\brb 7-: h[kem`b\Zgb_
jZkibkZgb_ $-;–$-<
aZimkd 7-5, 7-6
i_jbh^bqghklv 9-45–9-46, $-:–$-46
aZimkd#i_j_^#\_glbeypb_c 6-6
h[t_f/#]jZnbq_kdbc#bg^bdZlhj/#hibkZgb_ 4-64
b]ghjbjh\Zgb_#k[hy#beb#
h[t_f/#]jZnbq_kdbc#bg^bdZlhj/#ijhkfhlj 8-;
g_aZ\_jr_gby 7-45 h]jZgbq_gby#gZ#gZkljhcdb 4-49
bgl_jij_lZpby#j_amevlZlh\ 7-45 hddexaby
g_#aZ\_jr_g 7-45 j_`bf 4-:
hldZa 7-45 hdgh#khh[s_gbc
ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv#l_klh\ 7-<–7-44 bgnhjfZpby#h#lj_\h]Zo :-5
k[hc 7-45 hibkZgb_ 4-59
djhgrl_cg hdjm`ZxsZy#kj_^Z
fhglZ`#m\eZ`gbl_ey/#ghf_jZ# ki_pbnbdZpby &-6
dhfie_dlmxsbo %-9, %-: hldZa
agZq_gb_#^ey#D<L 7-45
F agZq_gb_#^ey#I<L 7-58
f_oZgbdZ#^uoZgby#b#fZg_\ju/#deZ\brb# hoeZ`^Zxsbc#\_glbeylhj
I:MA:#<U>HO:#b#I:MA:#<>HO: 4-5 nbevlj
fhglZ`guc#dhfie_dl#^ey#ihedb ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo %-9
hoeZ`^Zxsbc#\_glbeylhj/#nbevlj
ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo %-9
ijhnbeZdlbdZ $-44–$-45
fhglZ`guc#dhfie_dl#^ey#m\eZ`gbl_ey
hqbkldZ/#^_abgn_dpby#b#kl_jbebaZpby
ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo %-9, %-:
$-5–$-9
hqbkldZ/#h[sb_#ijbgpbiu $-8
hrb[dZ
agZq_gb_#^ey#I<L 7-58
........

8
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 6 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ij_^f_lguc#mdZaZl_ev
..........................................................................
I J
iZjZf_lju#Zighw /#j_]mebjh\dZ 8-7–8-8 jZat_fu/#ki_pbnbdZpby &-5
I:MA:#<>HO:/#jZkq_l#khijhlb\e_gby#b# jZkibkZgb_#ijhnbeZdlbdb $-;–$-<
dhfieZcgkZ 4-57 jZkiuebl_ev
I:MA:#<U>HO:/#jZkq_l#Z\lh03((3 4-56 aZimkd 9-46
iZmaZ#lj_\h]b :-6–:-7 hklZgh\dZ 9-47
i_j_dexqZl_ev/#hibkZgb_ 4-58 ijhkfhlj#khklhygby 9-47
i_jbh^bq_kdZy#ijhnbeZdlbdZ jZkiuebl_ev#(DV\1HE 9-46–9-47
i_jbh^bqghklv 9-45–9-46 j_`bf
jZkibkZgb_ $-;–$-< 6,09
i_jbh^bqghklv#ijhnbeZdlbdb $-:–$-46 kbgojhgbaZpby#^uoZgby '-8–'-9
ig_\fZlbq_kdZy#ko_fZ )-4 6,09/#hibkZgb_ '-7
ihedZ/#fhglZ` \_glbeypby
ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo %-9 <KIHFH=:L?EVGU?#
iheguc#\gmlj_ggbc#l_kl#+I<L, 7-46 +\kihfh]Zl_evguc2
^hklmigu_#deZ\brb 7-56 ijbgm^bl_evguc,/#
aZimkd 7-5, 7-47–7-58 hibkZgb_ '-6
bgl_jij_lZpby#j_amevlZlh\ 7-59–7-5: deZkkbnbdZpby '-4
g_h[oh^bfh_#h[hjm^h\Zgb_ 7-46 ij_^eZ]Z_fu_#ZiiZjZlZfb#B<E#
ih^kdZadb 7-57–7-58 :73#b#:93 '-5
ihke_^h\Zl_evghklv#l_klh\ 7-4:–7-55
kihglZgguc#+KIHGL,/#hibkZgb_ '-7
ihklZ\dZ#^uoZgby/#ijbgpbiu#
\_glbeypby#hddexabb
nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgby '-4–'-9
hibkZgb_ 4-:
ij_^_eu#lj_\h]b#25#(/#^hklmighklv 9-43
baf_g_gb_ 8-6
ij_^hojZgbl_ev/#ki_pbnbdZpby &-6
h`b^Zgby
ijbgZ^e_`ghklb/#ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo
Zdlb\gu_#lj_\h]b 6-<
%-5–%-;
\oh^#b#\uoh^ 6-;–6-43
ijbgpbiu#nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgby '-4–'-9
ijbgm^bl_evgh_#^uoZgb_/#hibkZgb_ '-4 hibkZgb_ 6-;
ijbgm^bl_evguc#j_`bf#+3&9, kh_^bg_gb_#k#bklhqgbdhf#
gZkljhcdb 4-4; dbkehjh^Z 6-;
ijbgm^bl_evguc#j_`bf#+9&9,/#gZkljhcdb j_`bf#h`b^Zgby
4-4:–4-4; Zdlb\gu_#lj_\h]b 6-<
ijhp_^mjZ#l_klbjh\Zgby#lj_\h] (-4 \oh^#b#\uoh^ 6-;–6-43
ijhp_gl#dbkehjh^Z/#lj_\h]Z hibkZgb_ 6-;
ij_^_eu 6-; kh_^bg_gb_#k#bklhqgbdhf#dbkehjh^Z 6-;
ijhnbeZdlbdZ $-4–$-47 j_`bf2lbi#^uoZgby
483330qZkh\Zy/#ghf_jZ# baf_g_gb_#gZkljh_d 8-4–8-6
dhfie_dlmxsbo %-; j_`bf2lbi#^uoZgby/#gZkljhcdb 4-4:
633330qZkh\Zy/#ghf_jZ# J_`bfu#b#lbiu#^uoZgby/#ZiiZjZlu#
dhfie_dlmxsbo %-; B<E#:73#b#:93 4-5
i_jbh^bqghklv 9-45–9-46, $-:–$-46 jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ/#ghf_jZ#
jZkibkZgb_ $-;–$-< dhfie_dlmxsbo %-:–%-;
kf1#lZd`_#:732:93#9HQWLODWRU#6HUYLFH# jmdh\h^kl\h#ih#h[kem`b\Zgbx/#ghf_jZ#
0DQXDO dhfie_dlmxsbo %-;
kf1#lZd`_#khhl\_lkl\mxsbc#dhfihg_gl jmqghc#\^ho/#ihklZ\dZ 8-<–8-43
........

9
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 7 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ij_^f_lguc#mdZaZl_ev
..............................................................................
K ki_pbnbdZpby &-4–&-<
kZfhl_kl#ijb#\dexq_gbb#iblZgby#+3267, \_k &-5
6-4–6-6 \oh^ghc#ihjl#dbkehjh^Z &-6
kZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_#+D<L#b#I<L, 7-4–7-5: ]Z[Zjblu &-5
hlkh_^bg_gb_#iZpb_glZ 7-4 ^himklbfuc#^bZiZahg#^Z\e_gby &-5
k[hc/#agZq_gb_#^ey#D<L 7-45 ^uoZl_evguc#dhglmj &-;–&-<
k[jhk#ij_^mij_`^_gby :-7 baf_jbl_evgu_#b#hlh[jZ`Zxsb_#
k_dpby#deZ\bZlmju mkljhckl\Z &-9–&-;
>:GGU?#I:PB?GL:/#deZ\brb#b# bklhqgbd#iblZgby &-6
bg^bdZlhju 4-5:–4-65 hdjm`ZxsZy#kj_^Z &-6
G:KLJHCDB#<?GLBEYLHJ:/#deZ\brb# jZat_fu#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E &-5
b#bg^bdZlhju 4-48–4-59 kdhjhklv#ihlhdZ &-5
KL:LMK#<?GLBEYLHJ:/#deZ\brb#b# kjhd#kem`[u#^ZlqbdZ#dbkehjh^Z &-5
bg^bdZlhju 4-66–4-67 lhd#ml_qdb &-6
k_j\bkgh_#h[kem`b\Zgb_ $-4–$-47 mjh\_gv#]jhfdhklb &-5
i_jbh^bqghklv 9-45–9-46 nbabq_kdZy &-5
kf1#lZd`_#:732:93#9HQWLODWRU#6HUYLFH# w e_dljbq_kdZy &-6–&-8
0DQXDO kihglZggh_#^uoZgb_/#hibkZgb_ '-4
kbf\heu#b#yjeuqdb/#hibkZgb_ 4-<–4-46 kihglZgguc#j_`bf#+369,
kbkl_fZ gZkljhcdb 4-53, 4-54
3((32&3$3/#nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_ 4-9 kihglZgguc#j_`bf#+KIHGL,/#hibkZgb_ '-7
\u^hoZ/#nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_ 4-9 kl_jbebaZpby $-9
iZpb_glZ/#nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_ 4-7
ihjr_gv2pbebg^j/# 7
nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_ 4-7 7,#beb#\^ho
ljm[hijh\h^#\^hoZ/# \u^ho/#\u[hj 9-:
nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_ 4-7 l_e_`dZ
khh[s_gby/#lj_\h]b bkihevah\Zgb_ 5-4:
debgbq_kdb_ :-8–:-45 ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo %-:
l_ogbq_kdb_ :-46–:-4; l_ogbq_kdb_#lj_\h]b
khijhlb\e_gb_#b#dhfieZcgk/#jZkq_l#k# hibkZgb_ :-8
ihfhsvx#I:MA:#<>HO: 4-57 khh[s_gby/#kibkhd :-46–:-4;
khklhygb_ l_klbjh\Zgb_#lj_\h] (-4
<?GLBEYLHJ#G?BKIJ:<?G 4-9 l_klh\h_#e_]dh_/#ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo %-:
deZiZg#[_ahiZkghklb#hldjul#+692,/# lbi#^uoZgby
nmgdpbhgbjhZgb_ 4-: baf_g_gb_ 8-5
........

:
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 8 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ij_^f_lguc#mdZaZl_ev
..........................................................................
lbi#^uoZgby2j_`bf/#gZkljhcdb 4-4: M
lbiu#^uoZgby m\eZ`gbl_ev
^hklmigu_#gZ#ZiiZjZlZo#B<E# fhglZ`guc#dhfie_dl/#ghf_jZ#
:73#b#:93 8-5 dhfie_dlmxsbo %-9, %-:
ijbgm^bl_evgh_/#hibkZgb_ '-4 mklZgh\dZ 5-49
kihglZggh_/#hibkZgb_ '-4 miZdh\dZ#ZiiZjZlZ#B<E $-47
lhd#ml_qdb/#ki_pbnbdZpby &-6 mkeh\b_#g_\hafh`ghklb#
lj_\h]Z nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgby 4-9
25#( mklZgh\dZ
dbkehjh^#+),25,/ij_^_eu 6-; \g_rgyy#[ZlZj_y 5-7–5-8
ij_^_eu 6-; ^_j`Zl_ev#dhglmjZ 5-47–5-48
IHL?JY#G:IJY@?GBY#IBL:GBY/# ^uoZl_evguc#dhglmj 5-43–5-44
\dexq_gb_#[_a#[ZlZj_b $-47 bklhqgbd#dbkehjh^Z 5-;–5-<
J:AJY>#<GMLJ?GG?C#;:L:J?B/# bklhqgbd#iblZgby 5-9–5-:
ihke_#ojZg_gby 5-7 dhee_dlhj 5-46
lj_\h]b m\eZ`gbl_ev 5-49
Z\lhk[jZku\Z_fu_ :-6
Z\lhk[jhk N
hlh[jZ`_gb_ 9-9 nbevlj
Zdlb\gu_/#hlh[jZ`_gb_ 9-8 [Zdl_jbZevguc
\ukhdhijbhjbl_lgu_ :-4 \^hoZ
^_ckl\b_ 6-: ijh\_jdZ#khijhlb\e_gby $-<
bgnhjfZpby#\#hdg_#khh[s_gbc :-5 ijhnbeZdlbdZ $-<
debgbq_kdb_/#hibkZgb_ :-8 nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_ 4-7
debgbq_kdb_/#khh[s_gby :-8–:-45 \u^hoZ
gZkljhcdb/#ijhkfhlj#b#baf_g_gb_ 8-6–8-7 ijh\_jdZ#khijhlb\e_gby $-<
ijhkfhlj#b#gZkljhcdZ 6-: ijhnbeZdlbdZ $-<
j_Z]bjh\Zgb_ :-4–:-4; nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_ 4-7
k[jhk :-7 \^hoZ
kj_^g_ijbhjbl_lgu_ :-4 ijh\_jdZ#khijhlb\e_gby $-<
l_klbjh\Zgb_ (-4 ijhnbeZdlbdZ $-<
l_ogbq_kdb_/#hibkZgb_ :-8 nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_ 4-7
l_ogbq_kdb_/#khh[s_gby :-46–:-4; \ha^mohaZ[hjgbd
ljm[db/#dhglmj#iZpb_glZ/# ijhnbeZdlbdZ $-45–$-46
nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_ 4-7 \u^hoZ
ijh\_jdZ#khijhlb\e_gby $-<
ijhnbeZdlbdZ $-<
nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_ 4-7
hoeZ`^Zxsbc#\_glbeylhj
ijhnbeZdlbdZ $-44–$-45
........

;
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,
61986a.book Page 9 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ij_^f_lguc#mdZaZl_ev
..............................................................................
nbevlj#'2)OH[1#kf1#nbevlj#\^hoZ O
nbevlj#5H2)OH[1#kf1#nbevlj#\^hoZ obfbq_kdZy#^_abgn_dpby $-9
nbevlj#5H2;:331#kf1#nbevlj#\u^hoZ ^_ckl\by $-9
nbevlj#\^hoZ bkihevah\Zgb_#nhjfZev^_]b^Z#b#
ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo %-9 n_ghekh^_j`Zsbo#kj_^kl\ $-9
ijh\_jdZ#khijhlb\e_gby $-< ojZg_gb_
ijhnbeZdlbdZ $-< khojZg_gb_#aZjy^Z#[ZlZj_b 5-7, 6-4
nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_ 4-7 lj_[h\Zgby $-47
nbevlj#\ha^mohaZ[hjgbdZ
ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo %-9 R
nbevlj#\u^hoZ reZg]#dbkehjh^Z#\#k[hj_/#ghf_jZ#
ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo %-9 dhfie_dlmxsbo %-7–%-8
ijh\_jdZ#khijhlb\e_gby $-< rgmj#iblZgby/#ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo %-7
ijhnbeZdlbdZ $-<
nmgdpbhgbjh\Zgb_ 4-7
W
nbevlj#hoeZ`^Zxs_]h#\_glbeylhjZ
w djZg
ghf_jZ#dhfie_dlmxsbo %-9
hdgh#khh[s_gbc/#hibkZgb_ 4-59
nmgdpby#f_gx
w djZg1#kf1#gZa\Zgb_#w djZgZ
:\lhk[jhk#ij_^mij1 9-9
w e_dljbq_kdZy#ki_pbnbdZpby &-6–&-8
:dlb\gu_#ij_^mij1 9-8
w e_dljhiblZgb_
<_jkby#IH 9-45
ki_pbnbdZpby &-6–&-8
>Zlqbd#dbkehjh^Z 9-<–9-44
w g^hljZo_ZevgZy#ljm[dZ/#\u[hj#jZaf_jZ 9-;
GZkljhcdb#ihevah\1 9-:–9-<
H#[ZlZj_yo 9-45
JZkiuebl_ev 9-46–9-47 Y
J_`bf#h`b^Zgby 9-44 yjeuqdb#b#kbf\heu/#hibkZgb_ 4-<–4-46
KZfhl_klbjh\Zgb_ 9-:
K_j\bkgZy#k\h^dZ 9-45–9-46
........

<
*0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;, :iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ
61986a.book Page 10 Friday, April 23, 1999 6:35 PM

Ij_^f_lguc#mdZaZl_ev
..........................................................................
........

43
:iiZjZl#B<E#k_jbb#:331#Jmdh\h^kl\h#hi_jZlhjZ *0394<;9033#<uimkd#$#+3<2<;,