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Poonamallee-Avadi Road, Veeraraghavapuram,

Thiruverkadu, Chennai-600077.





Saranya M
Srilekha S
B.E.-E.C.E(Final yr)
This paper describes cloud computing, a computing platform for the next
generation of the internet. The paper defines clouds, explains the business benefits of cloud
computing, and outlines cloud architecture and its major components. It will discover how
a business can use cloud computing to foster innovation and reduce IT costs.


 With traditional desktop Computing?
computing, we run copies of  Key to the definition of cloud
software programs on our own computing is the cloud itself.
computer. The documents we Here, the cloud is a large group of
create are stored on our own pc. interconnected computers.
 Although documents can be  These computers can be personal
accessed from other computers on computers or network servers;
the network, they can t be accessed they can be public or private.
by computers outside the network.
This is PC-centric.  This cloud of computers extends
beyond a single company or
 With cloud computing, the enterprise. The applications and
software programs one use are not data served by the cloud are
run from one’s personal computer, available to broad group of users,
but are rather stored on servers cross-enterprise and cross-
accessed via the Internet platform.

 Access is via the Internet. Any

 If a computer crashes, the software authorized user can access these docs
is still available for others to use. and apps from any computer over
Same goes for the documents one any Internet connection.
create; they are stored on a
 Advanced clouds typically
collection of servers accessed via
include other computing resources
the Internet.
such as storage area networks (SANs),
 Anyone with permission can not network equipment, firewall and
only access the documents, but can other security devices.
also edit and collaborate on those
documents in real time. These cloud applications use large data
Unlike traditional computing, this cloud centers and powerful servers that host
computing model is not PC-centric, it is Web applications and Web services.
document-centric. Anyone with a suitable Internet
connection and a standard
browser can access a cloud application.
VENDORS OF CLOUD COMPUTING: Traditional applications word
processing, spreadsheets, email, and
so on are becoming less important
than the documents they create.

Cloud Computing Is
Connecting hundreds or
thousands of computers together in a
cloud creates a wealth of computing
power impossible with a single
desktop PC.

Cloud Computing Is
Because data is stored in
the cloud, users can instantly retrieve
more information from multiple
repositories. We are not limited to a
single source of data, as we do with a
desktop PC.

Cloud Computing Is
Key properties of cloud computing:
Cloud Computing Is User Centric :
With all the various data
Once the users are connected to the stored on the computers in a cloud,
cloud, whatever is stored there data mining and analysis are
documents, messages, images, necessary to access that information
applications, whatever becomes in an intelligent manner.
authorized to the user access them. In
addition, not only is the data, but one
can also share it with others. In
effect, any device that accesses your Cloud Computing Is
data in the cloud also becomes yours.
Cloud Computing Is Many of the tasks
Task-Centric necessary with cloud computing must
be automated. For example, to
Instead of focusing on the application protect the integrity of the data,
and what it can do, the focus is on information stored on a single
what one need done and how the computer in the cloud must be
application can do it for us.
replicated on other computers in the
cloud. If that one computer goes
offline, the clouds programming
automatically redistributes that
computers data to a new computer in
the cloud.

Diagram showing economics of cloud
computing versus traditional IT,
including capital expenditure (capex)
and operational expenditure (Opex)
Cloud computing users can avoid
capital expenditure (CapEx) on
hardware, software, and services
when they pay a provider only for
what they use. Consumption is
usually billed on a utility (e.g.
resources consumed, like electricity)
or subscription (e.g. time based, like
a newspaper) basis with little or no How Cloud Computing
upfront cost. A few cloud providers Works?
are now beginning to offer the service
for a flat monthly fee as opposed to Sun Microsystems slogan is The
on a utility billing basis. Other network is the computer, and that as good
benefits of this time sharing style as any to describe how cloud computing
approach are low barriers to entry, works. In essence, a network of
shared infrastructure and costs, low computers functions as a single computer
management overhead, and to serve data and applications to users
immediate access to a broad range of over the Internet. The network exists in
applications. Users can generally the cloud of IP addresses that we know as
terminate the contract at any time the Internet, offers massive computing
(thereby avoiding return on power and storage
investment risk and uncertainty) and
the services are often covered by
service level agreements (SLAs) with
financial penalties
Components of cloud Architecture
computing :

These services carve out the

necessary resources in the cloud,
launch the appropriate web
application, and either creates or
opens the requested document. After
the web application is launched, the
Understanding Cloud system monitoring and metering
functions track the usage of the cloud
Architecture: so that resources are apportioned
and attributed to the proper user(s).
Individual users connect
to the cloud from their own personal
computers or portable devices, over
Understanding Cloud
the Internet. To these individual Storage:
users, the cloud is seen as a single
application, device, or document. The One of the primary uses
hardware in the cloud (and the of cloud computing is for data
operating system that manages the storage. With cloud storage, data is
hardware connections) is invisible. stored on multiple third-party
servers, rather than on the dedicated
It all starts with the front-end servers used in traditional networked
interface seen by individual users. data storage. When storing data, the
This is how users select a task or user sees a virtual server that is, it
service (either starting an application appears as if the data is stored in a
or opening a document). The user particular place with a specific name.
request then gets passed to the system
management, which finds the correct But that place does not
resources and then calls the system exist in reality. It is just a pseudonym
appropriate provisioning services. used to reference virtual space
carved out of the cloud. In reality, the
users data could be stored on any one
or more of the computers used to administrative skills related to setup,
create the cloud. configuration, and support.

Understanding Cloud
Services: Benefits from cloud
Any web-based application computing
or service offered via cloud
computing is called a cloud service.  Collaborators: The ability to
Cloud services can include anything share and edit documents in real
from calendar and contact time between multiple users is one
applications to word processing and of the primary benefits of web-
presentations. based applications; it makes
collaborating easy and even fun.
With a cloud service, the
application itself is hosted in the  Road Warriors: you can access
cloud. An individual user runs the a single version of your document
application over the Internet, from any location.
typically within a web browser.
 Cost- Conscious users:
The browser accesses the
Another group of users who
cloud service and an instance of the
should gravitate to cloud
application is opened within the
computing are those who are cost
browser window. Once launched, the
conscious. With cloud computing
web-based application operates and
you can save money on both your
behaves like a standard desktop
hardware and software.

Cloud computing
infrastructure allows e-business:
enterprises to achieve more In e-business, scalability can be
efficient use of their IT achieved by making new servers
available as needed. For example,
Hardware and software during a peak shopping season,
investments: more virtual servers can be made
Cloud computing increases available that can cater to high
profitability by improving resource shopper demand. In another
utilization. Pooling resources into large example a company may
clouds drives down costs and increases experience high workloads on
utilization by delivering resources only weekends or evenings as opposed
for as long as those resources are needed. to early mornings and weekdays.
Cloud computing allows individuals, If a company has a significantly
teams, and organizations to streamline large cloud, they could schedule
procurement processes and eliminate the computer resources to be
need to duplicate certain computer provisioned each evening,
weekend, or during a peak season. Thus cloud computing provide a
There are more opportunities to super-computing power .This cloud
achieve efficiencies as the cloud of computers extends beyond a single
grows. Another aspect of this company or enterprise. The
scenario involves employing applications and data served by the
business policies to decide what cloud are available to broad group of
applications receive higher users, cross-enterprise and cross-
priorities and thus more platform. It comprises an automated
computing resources. Revenue framework that can deliver standardized
generating applications may be services quickly and cheaply.
rated higher than research and
development or innovation pilots.

Piloting innovations on a 1.

cloud: 2.

By combining cloud computing

and Innovation Factory, or any other
innovation platform already in use, a
company can benefit from a complete
solution that provides both physical
computer resources and an innovation
process combined with collaboration
tools. Adding cloud computing to a
company’s existing innovation process
reduces the time needed to develop
and deliver a product, reduces the
barrier to entry, and reduces costs
associated with procurement, setup,
management, and reuse of physical
assets. Cloud computing should be
part of every innovation process when
physical or virtual computer resources
are needed for innovation pilots.