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DOCUMENTED CASES OF HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS1

Documented by Citizens’ Council for Human Rights (CCHR)2


January 2004 to June 2006

Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source


Victims Incident Perpetrators

Frustrated killing, Rolito Boltron and January 4, 2004 Hacienda Mulawin, Joseph Lacson and Blue Guards TFN
Harassment members of MARBA Negros Occidental
Harassment and Amado Amparo 1 individual January 27, Hacienda Mulawin, 19 armed men, including Rodolfo TFN
Destruction of 2004 Negros Occidental Orqueza, Ronnie Salotario and Tintin
Properties Lubaton
Harassment and Danila Sunga, Virginita 3 individuals Hacienda Mulawin, Maria Lopez TFN
Illegal Demolition Cañan and Gloria Lapi Negros Occidental
Extra-judicial Teresa Mameng, 60 yrs 1 individual September 30, Hacienda Conchita Farm Manager and hired goons of TFN
execution old 2004 Villanueva, Brgy Sag- Mario Mario Villanueva
ang, La Castellana,
Negros Occidental
Harassment Farmer-Beneficiaries of November 24, Hacienda Minacalao, Ariendador Narciso Tam, security TFN

1
This document is a collation of cases documented by the task forces under CCHR namely the CCHR-Task Force Central Luzon (TFCL), CCHR-Task Force Negros (TFN) and CCHR-Task Force
Mindanao (collated cases not yet included); and, the Task Force Detainees of the Philippines (TFDP), Balay, Incorporated (BALAY), Families of Victims of Involuntary Diappearance (FIND)–
members of PAHRA and CCHR.
2
The Citizens’ Council for Human Rights (CCHR) is a movement of human rights and peace organizations, lawyers groups, church institutions, party-;ist groups, peoples organizations, the media
and individual civil libertarians united for the defense, promotion and fulfillment of human rights in the Philippines. It is convened by the Philippine Alliance of Human Rights Advocates (PAHRA)
who also serves as its secretariat.
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

Hacienda Minacalao 2004 Negros Occidental guards


Harassment Farmer-Beneficiaries of December 14, Hacienda Minacalao, Ariendador Narciso Tam, Roberto TFN
Hacienda Minacalao 2004 Negros Occidental Tam, Danilo Escober, Joselito Abella
and other security guards
Harassment Farmer-Beneficiaries 2 individuals December 29, Hacienda Minacalao, Ariendador Narciso Tam, Roberto TFN
Eusebio Cababan and 2004 Negros Occidental Tam, Danilo Escober, Joselito Abella
Roman delos Santos and other security guards
Frustrated Killing Farmer-Beneficiaries December 29, Hacienda Minacalao, Ariendador Narciso Tam's men, Alan TFN
and FB Edgardo 2004 Negros Occidental Plaza, Danilo Escober, Joselito Abella
Cauntoy and Joel Masuela, Romeo Vasquez,
Randy Batan, Bienvenido de los
Santos and Ronilo de los Santos
Arrest and Rogelio Areglo, 54 yrs 1 individual December 31, Hacienda Minacalao, Sagay city PNP, bounty Security TFDP
Detention old, separated and 2004 Brgy Rizal, Sagay City Guard namely Romeo Vasquez, Joel
presently residing at Masueta, Ronilo de los Santos,
Brgy Rizal, Sagay City, Randay Batan and Alan Plaza
Negros Occidental
Illegal Demolition Residents of Molino 300 individuals January 7, 2005 Molino III, Bacoor, LGU, Office of the Mayor certain TFDP
III, Bacoor, Cavite Cavite engineer Roberto Bunye
Arrest and Alex Araya, 35 yrs old, 1 individual January 9-10, Brgy Bagong Silang, PA, CAFGU, a certain Amante (PA TFDP
Detention male, married and 2005 Castilla, Sorsogon CO), Antonio Laurenaria Jr (CAFGU),
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

resident of Brgy PNP, (Sgt. Conda (PNP)


Bagong Silang,
Castilla, Sorsogon
Arrest and Crisanto Mateo, 24 yrs 5 individuals January 26, Brgy Calaocan, Nueva Camp Olivas and Cabanatuan Police TFDP
Detention old, married and a 2005 Ecija and Brgy Vega,
resident of Bongabon, Bonganbon, Nueva
Nueva Ecija; Crisanto Ecija
de la Cruz; Henry Vero;
Joven Castillo; and
Joselito Ceña
th
Arrest and Sunshine Eulalio, 1 individual January 29, Sitio Kawilan, Brgy Elements of 19 IBPA based in Brgy. TFDP
Detention female, 24 yrs old, 2005 Dumulaan, Albuera, Aguiting, Kananga, Leyte
resident of Brgy Leyte
Mabini, Ormoc City
th
Arrest and Sarah Cano and Mutya 2 individuals January 29, So. Kawilan, Brgy Soldiers belonging to 19 IBPA based TFDP
Detention Sabidalas 2005 Damulaan, Albuera, in brgy. Aguiting Kananga, Leyte
Leyte
rd
Arrest and Allan Onde, Ireneo 3 individuals January 30, So. Panggatangan, Brgy 43 IBPA based in Hibod-hibod, TFDP
Detention Gonzales and Juarito 2005 Cabungaan, Baybay, Sogod, South Leyte
Lanoza Leyte
Harassment Families of Felomino 3 families February 2005 Purok Mainuswagon, Barangay Kagawad Ken Gariando and TFDP
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

Cefulan, 45 yrs old, Sitio Plasanon, Brgy hi goons


married; Wilfredo Salong, Kabankalan
Segotier Jr., married, City
51 yrs old; and Jun
Mahinay, 55 yrs old,
married. All residents
of Brgy Salong, Negros
Occidental
Harassment Farmer-Beneficiaries February 2, Hacienda Minacalao Alleged RPAs in connivance with the TFN
2005 incargado
Harassment and Hacienda Cambuktot February 3 2005 Hacienda Cambuktot, Seven armed men headed by Jenny TFN
Destruction of Farmer-Beneficiaries or 2006? Brgy Mansalanao, La Menguillo alias Jenny Pineda
Property Castellana
th
Massacre Francisco Bulane 6 individuals (3 February 8, Sitio Latil, Brgy 50 unidentified members of 25 IBPA TFDP
(killed), 32 yrs old, killed, 3 2005 Colonsabak, Matan-ao, based in Sta. Cruz, Davao del Sur
married; Padilla Bulane wounded) Davao del Sur
(killed), 29 yrs old,
married; Prumencio
Bulane (killed), 28 yrs
old, married: wounded
were Rogelio Bulane,
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

42 yrs old, married;


Ricky Bulane, 16 yrs
old, single; and Richard
Bulane, 31 yrs old,
married.
th
Arrest and Elison Agnes, married 2 individuals February 15, Brgy Hukay, Galatagan, Members of 730 Combat Brigade of TFDP
Detention w/ and resident of Brgy 2005 Batangas the Philippine Air Force
Torture Hukay, Galatagan,
Batangas; and Noel
Uybad
th
Forced Mangyans of Calintaan, 300 families February 16, Sitio Tamisan, Sitio 204 IBPA headed by Col. Ralph TFDP
Evacuation Occidental Mindoro 2005 Balangabong, Sitio Villanueva
Tagalungan, Sitio
Bangkudo, Sitio
Barison, Brgy Poypoy,
Calintaan, Occidental
Mindoro
Harassment Family of Pedro Valles 1 family February 19, Brgy Lumangog, Ubay, Unidentified military men from the TFDP
th
Jr., 29 yrs old and 2005 Bohol 15 IBPA based in brgy. Tubod,
resident of Brgy Candijay, Bohol
Lumangog, Ubay,
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

Bohol
Arrest and Teodoro Fuentes and 2 individuals February 23, Tumana, Marikina City More of less 24 SWAT members of TFDP
Detention w/ Reynaldo Espinosa 2005 Marikina PNP
torture
th
Massacre Three Civilians Two of 3 individuals (3 March 2005 Brgy Mananao, Abra de Members of the 408 PNP Regional TFDP
whom are Mangyans killed) Ilog, Occidental Mobile Group
Mindoro
th
Arrest and Roel Centino, 22, 1 individual March 8, 2005 Sitio Kusol, Brgy Elements of 19 IBPA based in TFDP
Detention w/ single, resident of Brgy Liberty, Ormoc City Aguiting , Kananga, Leyte headed by
Torture Airport, Ormoc City 2Lt. Loydangon Tondo
th
Arrest and Alfredo Piano, 28, 8 individuals March 8, 2005 Purok 7, Brgy Mahayag, Elements of 19 IBPA based in TFDP
Detention married; Nicolas Ormoc City Aguiting , Kananga, Leyte headed by
Grabillo, 47, married; 2Lt. Loydangon Tondo
Sosima Singson,
female, 48, married;
Teresita Posion, female,
39, married; Estrella
Resuera, female, 46,
married; Sherly
Caliwan, female, 14,
student; Sherwin Llena,
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

7, student; and Nestor


Caliwan, 9, student. All
residents of Purok 7,
Brgy Mahayag, Ormoc
City
st
Arrest and Angelina Bisuan Ipong, 1 individual March 8, 2005 Anastacia Mission 1 Infantry Tabak Division based in TFDP
Detention w/ 60 yrs old, female and Village, Brgy Pulacan, Labangan, Zamboanga del
Torture a resident of Makilala, Lumbayao, Aloran, Sur, Elements of Southern Command
North Cotabato Misamis Occidental based in Zamboanga City
th
Arrest and Modesto Estopido, 50 1 individual May 8, 2005 Brgy Indaluyan, 17 members of 12 IBPA led by TFDP
Detention yrs old, married and a Igbaras, Iloilo Domingo Pascual
resident of Brgy
Indaluyan, Igbaras,
Iloilo
th
Arrest and Alfredo Piano, 28, 8 individuals March 8, 2005 Purok 7, Brgy Mahayag, Elements of 19 IBPA base in TFDP
Detention married; Nicolas Ormoc City Aguiting, Kananga, Leyte
Grabillo, 47, married;
Sosima Singson,
female, 48, married;
Teresita Posion, female,
39, married; Estrella
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

Resuera, female, 46,


married; Sherly
Caliwan, female, 14,
student; Sherwin Llena,
7, student; and Nestor
Caliwan, 9, student. All
residents of Purok 7,
Brgy Mahayag, Ormoc
City
Violent Dispersal Residents of Manicani 70 individuals March 9, 2005 Manicani Island, 30 policemen headed by Inspector TFDP
of Protest Island Guiuan, Eastern Samar Sam Padilla, Gen. Dionisio Coloma,
PNP Director Region 8, Hinatuan
Mining Corporation
rd
Extra-judicial Romeo Sanchez of 1 individual March 9, 2005 3 Kayang St., Baguio Believed to be members of ISAFP TFDP
execution Cabaroan, San City
Fernando, La Union
Massacre, Massacre of Detainees 36 individuals March 15, 2005 Metro Manila District PNP-Special Action Force (SAF) TFDP
extrajudicial at Bicutan Jail (26 killed, 3 Jail, Camp Bagong
execution w/ wounded & 7 Diwa, Bicutan
torture tortured)
th
Arrest and Felix Pagulayan, 26 yrs 2 individuals March 24, 2005 Sitio Capigtigan, About 5o members of 17 IBPA and TFDP
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

Detention old; Joseph de los Gattaran, Cagayan 30 members of Scout Rangers led by a
Santos Lt. Borja and Sgts. Agustin and
Dupani
Harassment Staff and Members of 1 organization March 28, 2005 Brgy Dala, Mina, Iloilo Members of Mina PNP led by Police TFDP
Panay Rural city Chief Inspector Petronila Navales
Development Center
Inc. (PRDCI)
th
Arrest and Andreano Otida, 39, 4 individuals April 1, 2005 Sitio Binagyo, Brgy Elements of 60 IBPA based at Doña TFDP
Detention w/ married with 5 Kilagting, Laak, Andrea, Asuncion, Davao del Norte
Torture w/ children; Joseph Otida, Compostela Valley led by Lt. Oscar Blanza
Disappearance 24 yrs old, single;
Malaquias Sampan, 45
yrs old, married with 6
children; and Joshua
Bustillo, 28, married
with three children. All
are residents of Brgy
Langtud, Laak,
Compostela Valley
Arrest and Rogelio Taborete, 37 1 individual April 1, 2005 Purok Tadtad, Brgy Bago City PNP led by SPO4 TFDP
Detention yrs old, married and a Balingasag, Bago City, Romanillos
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

resident of Purok Negros Occidental


Tadtad, Brgy
Balingasag, Bago City,
Negros Occidental
Displacement Families of Atis in 42 Families April 3, 2005 Sitio Bolabog, Brgy Local Government Unit TFDP
Boracay Island Balabag, Boracay
Island, Malay, Aklan
Harassment Residentf of 9 9 barangays April 4, 7 & 18, 9 barangays in Calbiga, Military elements TFDP
barangays in Calbiga, 2005 Western Samar
Western Samar
Frustrated Killing Oscar Turla Jr 1 individual April 6, 2005 Brgy. Kawayan, Unidentified military men TFDP
w/ harassment Catarman, Northern
Samar
Illegal Demolition Families residing at 100 families (2 April 11, 2005 Pier 8 R10 Vitas, Tondo, Combined forces of Task Force TFDP
w/ Arrest and Pier 18 Vitas, Tondo, arrested) Manila Kalinisan and Park Development
detention Manila office and PNP under the command of
Capt. Tamaro
nd th
Arrest and Apolinario P. Zara, 26 1 individual April 12, 2005 Brgy Lagundi, Morong, 2 IBPA, 76 IBPA, PNP Quezon and TFDP
Detention yrs old, married, fish Rizal Rizal, and CIDG
vendor and resident of
Brgy Cabuyao, Padre
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

Burgos, Quezon
Extra –judicial Edwin Bargamento 1 individual April 13, 2005 Hacienda Emma, Brgy. Unidentified members of military TFDP
execution Tortosa, Manapla,
Negros Occidental
Frustrated Alfredo Davis (killed) 2 individuals (1 April 15, 2005 Sitio San Vicente, 2 unidentified men believed to be TFDP
Massacre and his wife Imelda killed, 1 Mahaplag, Leyte military
(wounded) wounded)
th
Forced Residents of Calbiga, 900 individuals April 2005 to Calbiga, Samar 8 !D under the command of Gen. TFDP
Evacuation w/ Samar May 11, 2005 Jovito Palparan
Harassment
rd
Disappearance Narciso Parani, 45 yrs 2 individuals April 22, 2005 Brgy Sinantan, Elements of 63 IBPA based in TFDP
old and Jovito Velasco, Calbayog City Jamorawon, Calbayog City
30 yrs old
Extra-judicial Sosimo Teorima Jr., 63 1 inidividual April 26, 2005 Linag-asan, Hilamonan, Unidentified fully uniformed armed TFDP
execution yrs old, resident of Kabankalan City, men
Linag-asan, Negros Occidental
Hilamonan,
Kabankalan City,
Negros Occidental
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

Torture Larry Talaban, 29 yrs 3 individuals May 3, 2005 Malago River, boundary Members of Regional Mobile Group TFDP
old, John Talaban, 20 of EB Magalona and namely: PO1 Alan Deldo, Salvador
yrs old and John S. Silay City, Negros Cordero, Cesar Espinosa
Labrador, all of Occidental
hacienda Guinsan-ang
I, Brgy Hawaiian, Silay
City
th
Arrest and Salome Esquerra, 3 individuals May 4, 2005 Brgy. Quinalin Ilaya, Members of 76 IBPA TFDP
Detention female, 30 yrs old, Calauag, Quezon
married and resident of
Latangan, Mulanay,
Quezon; Leng Jucutan,
female, 43 yrs old,
single and resident of
Brgy Uno, Calamba;
and Sherlita Leocario,
female, 20 yrs old,
single and resident of
Brgy Sta. Elena,
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

Camarines Sur
th
Arrest and Junrey Cata, 18 yrs old, 1 individual May 4, 2005 Sitio Magkahunao, Members of the 58 IBPA TFDP
Detention w/ single and a resident of Buhisan, San Agustin,
torture and Magkahunao, Buhisan, Surigao del Sur
disappearance San Agustin, Surigao
del Sur
th
Arrest and Junrey Casil, 17 yrs 2 individuals May 4, 2005 Andap, Buhisan, San Members of 58 IBPA TFDP
Detention w/ old, single; Ranly Agustin, Surigao del Sur
torture and Casil, 13 yrs old,
disappearance single. All are residents
of Andap Buhisan, San
Agustin, Surigao del
Sur
th
Disappearance Joel Amahan, 30 yrs 4 individuals May 7, 2005 Andap, Buhisan, San Members of the 58 IBPA TFDP
old, married and a Agustin, Surigao del Sur
resident of
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

Magkahunao, Buhisan,
San Agustin, Surigao
del Sur; Lolong Casil,
married, farmer and a
resident of
Magkahunao, Buhisan,
San Agustin, Surigao
del Sur ; Arnulfo Casil,
42, married and a
resident of Andap, San
Agustin, Surigao del
Sur; and Lowi Casil, 19
yrs old, single and a
resident of
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

Magkahunao, Buhisan,
San Agustin, Surigao
del Sur
Extra-judicial Eddie Dimaano, 49 yrs 1 individual May 19, 2005 Brgy Tambo, Pamplona, Members Civilian Armed Forces TFDP
execution old, married Camarines Sur Geographical Unit (CAFGU)
Harassment Owner and workers of 5 individuals June 2, 2005 No. 74-A Molave St., Nine NBI agents TFDP
All Ways Printing Project 3, Quezon City
Harassment Members of Hacienda 1 individual June 3, 2005 Hacienda Alma, Brgy Management of Philippine Rice TFDP
Alma Farmworkers Cansilayan, Negros Research Institure (PhilRice) and its
Association (HAFWA) Occidental hired blue guards
st
Harassment Families of Delfin 3 families June 4, 2005 Tampalon, Kabankalan Members of the 61 IB headed by TFDP
Dayap, Reynante City, Negros Occidental 2Lt. Abella under the command of Lt.
Carbaquil and Felecita Col. Norman Marcos Flores
Alibo, all residents of
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

Tampalon, Kabankalan
City, Negros
Occidental
st
Arrest and Joemarie Jusmaparan, 1 individual June 4, 2005 Tampalon, Kabankalan Members of the 61 IB headed by TFDP
Detention w/ male, 21 yrs old, single City, Negros Occidental 2Lt. Abella under the command of Lt.
disappearance and a resident of Col. Norman Marcos Flores
Tampalon, Kabankalan
City, Negros
Occidental
st
Arrest and Reynante Carbaquil, 1 individual June 4, 2005 Tampalon, Kabankalan Members of the 61 IB headed by TFDP
Detention male, 46 yrs old, City, Negros Occidental 2Lt. Abella under the command of Lt.
married and resident of Col. Norman Marcos Flores
Tampalon, Kabankalan
City, Negros
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

Occidental
st
Harassment Emily Hermoso, female 1 individual June 4, 2005 Purok Lagsawon, Brgy Members of 61 IB, under the TFDP
and resident of Purok Lumbia, Cauayan, command of Lt. Col. Norman Marcos
Lagsawon, Brgy Negros Occidental Flores
Lumbia, Cauayan,
Negros Occidental
Harassment Members of Sugar 4 individuals June 10, 2005 Department of Agrarian Department of Agrarian Reform TFDP
Workers Alliance Reform Provincial guards
Negros Office, Bacolod City
nd
Arrest and Elvis Basada, 21 yrs 1 individual June 10, 2005 Brgy Polangi, Calbiga, Elements from 62 IBPA based in TFDP
Detention w/ old, single and resident Western Samar Brgy. Daligan, Calbiga, Samar
torture of Daligan, Calbiga,
Western Samar
Arrest and Alvin Yandan, 4 individuals (3 June 12, 2005 Brgy Saging, Elements of Bataan Regional Police TFDP
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators
th
Detention w/ Reynaldo Betonio, arrested/tortured Dinalupihan, Bataan Force, PNP-Hermosa and 24 IBPA
Torture, Killing, Rolando Marzan and , 1 killed)
Ricardo Flores (killed0
Arrest and Rodel Badong, 3 individuals June 14, 2005 Kalayaan Ave., Cor. Quezon City PNP Mobile Patrol Unit TFDP
Detention Rolando Guevarra and Matalino St., Brgy
Carmen Balagtas Central, Quezon City
th
Arrest and Elmer Osila, 45 yrs old, 1 individual June 18, 2005 Brgy Ilolowan, Members of the 65 Infantry Battalion TFDP
Detention w/ male, married and Guinobatan, Albay (IB), Philippine Army (PA)
torture resident of Brgy
Balolo, Guinobatan,
Albay
st
Arrest and Benjie Lastimosa 1 individual June 18, 2005 Gaisano Mall, Butuan Members of 401 Infantry Division of TFDP
Detention City, Agusan del Norte PA, led by BGen. Rogelio Rosete
th
Forced Dumagat families from 30 families June 27, 2005 Sitio Malatunglan, Brgy Members of Charlie company, 16 IB TFDP
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

Evacuation Sitio Malatunglan, Sablang, Gen. Nakar, PA


Brgy Sablang, Gen. Quezon
Nakar, Quezon
th
Arrest and Jaime O. Gumaat, 33 2 individuals July 1, 2005 Brgy Cahayag, Tudela, Joint Forced of 10 IBPA Charlie Coy TFDP
Detention yrs old, married, farmer Misamis Occidental led by Lt. Guiambangan and Lt.
with two children and a Rosalitos and the RMG-X under PSI
resident of Brgy Francis Encinareal based in Oroquieta
Cahayag, Tudela, City
Misamis Occidental;
Meliton Gomonod, 35
yrs old, motor driver
and farmer, married
with two children and a
councilor of Brgy
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

Cahayag, Tudela,
Misamis Occidental
th
Arrest and Jimmy Estangco Jr., 28 1 individual July 10, 2005 Sitio Madigaa, Brgy Members of the 74 Infantry Battalion TFDP
Detention w/ yrs old, male, married Inabuhan, San (IB), Bravo Company, Philippine
torture and a resident of So. Francisco, Quezon Army
Badajos, Brgy.
Kawayan Uno, San
Francisco, Quezon
th
Arrest and Charlita Nalzaro, 8 individuals (6 July 11, 2005 Brgy Langub, Calamba, Elements of 10 IBPA based in Upper TFDP
Detention w/ female, 18 yrs old, individuals Misamis Occidental Bautista, Sapang Dalaga
killing single; Rose arrested, 2
Macalisang, female, 18 killed)
yrs old, single; Lito
Tumagna, 22 yrs old,
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

single; Rovel Teves, 23


yrs old, single; Allan
Maninantan, 19 yrs old,
single; Christopher
Malolot, 19 yrs old,
single; Antonio
Ligutom (killed);
Richard (killed)
Violent Dispersal Del Blanco, Jaylord 7 individuals July 12, 2005 DAR National Office, Security guards/employees of the TFDP
of Protest Casperon, Roger Memorial Circle, Department of Agrarian Reform
Inocando, Jonas Quezon City
Ancheta, Michael
Carotillo, Roxanne
Magboo and Raymond
Alcoriza
rd th
Forced Residents of Basey, 630 families July 14-26, 2005 Basey, Samar 803 IBPA, 8 ID under Gen> Jovito TFDP
Evacuation Samar Palparan
th
Frustrated killing Toriano Dalumatan 2 individuals (1 July 23, 2005 Sitio Talambato, Brgy Elements of the 25 IBPA and the TFDP
(wounded), 33 yrs old, wounded) Asbang, Matan-ao, Scout Rangers
married; Jomar Davao del Sur
Dalumatan, 16 yrs old,
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

single. All residents of


Sitio Talambato, Brgy
Asbang, Matan-ao,
Davao del Sur
Violent Dispersal Members of Sanlakas, 500 individuals July 24, 2005 St. Peter Church, Central Police District-PNP TFDP
of Protest Padayon, KPD and Commonwealth Ave.,
Kalayaan Quezon City
Arrest and Edwin Estopace, 36 yrs 1 individuals July 29, 2005 Brgy Cagsie I, Mauban, Members of Philippine National TFDP
Detention old, male, farm worker Queozn Police (PNP)-Mauban, Quezon
and resident of Brgy
Cagsie I, Mauban,
Quezon
Harassment Members of Atlas 236 families August 1, 2005 Brgy Supang, Atlas Fertilizers Corporation, Philphos TFDP
Fertilizers Corporation Buenavista, Guimaras Employees Cooperative, Albertito
Agricultural Farm Lopez owner of Guimaras Land Inc
Beneficiaries (GLI)
Association
(AFCAFBA)
Arrest and Romeo Capalla 1 individual August 3, 2005 Brgy San Nicholas, RIID 6 and Task Force Panay, Iloilo TFDP
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

Detention Oton, Iloilo Police Provincial office and


Intelligence Task Force Unit of the
Philippine Army
Violent Dispersal Lorenzo Mopada, 6 individuals August 4, 2005 CMA Cleaning Products Members of the City Mobile Group TFDP
of Protest Jonathan Tingson, Compound, Brgy Feliza, and Police Precinct 10 of Bacolod
Alvin Aniban, Reagan Bacolod City City
Magbanua, Arturo Tical
and Editho Tizon
st
Arrest and Anselmo Floren, Junel 6 individuals (5 August 8, 2005 Brgy Prensa, Tangub Elements of the 1 IBPA based at TFDP
Detention w/ Sumadel, Ferdinand individuals City barangay Bintana, Tangub City under
st
Killing Baroy, Delia Jalalon, arrested, 1 the command of 1 Lt. Caayon
Jessie Casanes and killed)
Placian Sarajena
(killed)
Arrest and Fernando Baldomero, 1 individual August 18, 2005 41 Osmena Ave., Kalibo PNP TFDP
Detention 56 yrs old, married and Estancia, Kalibo, Aklan
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

a resident of Sta. Cruz,


Bigaa, Lezo
Arrest and Isa Siddik, 52 yrs old, 1 individual August 18, 2005 Brgy Labuan, PNP elements stationed in TFDP
Detention resident of Brgy Zamboanga City Zamboanga City
Fatima, Gen. Santos
City
Extra-judicial Atty. Norman Bocar 1 individual September 1, Borongan, Eastern Unidentified armed men believed to TFDP
execution 2005 Samar be military
th th
Arrest and Romeo Moral 4 individuals (2 September 2, Sitio Bisa, Brgy Elements of the 38 and 39 IBPA TFDP
Detention w/ (tortured), 33 yrs old, tortured) 2005 Sinapulan, Columbio,
torture married; Daniel Sultan Kudarat
Gusanan, 44 yrs old,
married; Jimmy
Gusanan, 20 yrs old,
single; Roderick
Amante (tortured), 27
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

yrs old, single. All


residents of Sitio Bisa,
Brgy Sinapulan,
Columbio, Sultan
Kudarat
Killing w/ violent Teotimo Dante, 46 yrs 5 individuals ( 1 September 13, 86 Gen. Luis St., 8 Security guards of Marban Security TFDP
dispersal of old (killed); wounded killed, 4 2005 Kaybiga, Caloocan City Agency
protest were Teody Dapac, 25 wounded)
yrs old; Eliseo Aranda,
40 yrs old; Dante
Cabardo, 35 yrs old;
Leo Diego
Illegal Demolition Amelita Trinidad's 1 family September 30, Brgy Southside, C-5, Anti-squatting team of Taguig City TFDP
family 2005 Taguig
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators
th
Disappearance Tomas Paras, 47 yrs old 1 individual October 13, Barrio Site, Brgy Palili, SSgt. Elizardo Betty of the 24 IBPA TFCL
th
2005 Samal, Bataan and members of the 24 IBPA
Violent Dispersal Members of Kilusang 600 individuals October 14, San Sebastian College, Manila Police District TFDP
of Protest Makabansang 2005 C. M. Recto, Manila
Ekonomiya
th
Arrest and Rolando Taosic, 22 yrs 1 individual October 16, Pasian, Monkayo, Members of 28 IBPA TFDP
Detention old, single and a 2005 Compostela Valley
resident of Brgy 3,
Monkayo, Compostela
Valley
th
Arrest and Medardo Anyag, 1 individual October 18, Brgy Mauswagon, Elements of 10 IBPA based in Brgy TFDP
Detention single, 43 yrs old, 2005 Calamba, Misamis Sibulan, Plaridel, Misamis Occidental
farmer and a resident of Occidental
Brgy Mauswagon,
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

Calamba, Misamis
Occidental
Arrest and Indanan Abubakar, 38 1 individual October 22, Public Market, Siocon, Composite elements of PNP and 4th TFDP
Detention yrs old and a resident 2005 Zamboanga del Norte IBPA at Siocon, Zamboanga del Norte
of Noynoyan,
Zamboanga del Norte
Harassment Officers and Members October 27, Marisol, Angeles, Two Unidentified Armed Men TFCL
of MAKABAYAN- 2005 Pampanga
Central
Arrest and Hairon Hassan, 39 yrs 3 individuals November 12, Checkpoint, Brgy Composite Elements of PNP and TFDP
Detention old, resident of Sahaya 2005 Mercedez, Zamboanga ISAFP under the command of Certain
village, Siraway, City Maj. Kemodo
Zamboanga del Norte;
Abdul Abundol, 44 yrs
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

old and a resident of


Brgy Taluksanay,
Zamboanga City;
Mamarin Pilay, 43 yrs
old and a resident of
Brgy Lakiki, Sibuco,
Zamboanga del Norte
Extra-judicial Irma 'Kathy' Alcantara, 1 individual December 5, Abucay County Resort, Two unidentified gunmen riding a TFCL
execution 48 yrs old 2005 Abucay, Bataan motorcycle
st
Disappearance Perseus Geagoni, 1 individual December 5, Brgy Zone 4, Talisay A certain 1 Lt. Clarence Guinto and a TFDP
married, and resident of 2005 City, Negros Occidental certain Maj. Quiachon
Brgy Zone 4, Talisay
City, Negros
Occidental
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

Harassment SMART Workers 2,700 December 13, Smart Short Philippines CDC Security TFCL
individuals 2005 Inc., at Clark
Development Center in
Clark, Angeles,
Pampanga
Harassment Workers of Conquest 300 individuals December 16, Conquest Philippines CDC security TFCL
2005 Inc., inside Clark
Development Center
(CDC)
Extra-judicial Allan Atillano 1 individual December 28, Brgy Proper, Caridad, Two unidentified motorcycle riding TFDP
execution Villacencio, 42 yrs old 2005 Tuburan, Cebu men
married and resident of
Brgy Proper, Caridad,
Tuburan, Cebu
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators
th
Arrest and Kurais Talisanan, 31 1 individual December 29, Port Area, Zamboanga Joint elements of 9 Regional TFDP
Detention yrs old, resident of 2006 City Maritime Office and Task Force
Brgy Nala, Sibuco, Zamboanga based in Zamboanga City
Zamboanga del Norte
Arrest and Teodoro Sericon 1 individual January 2006 Brgy Sabang, Danao Elements of PNP from Danao PNP TFDP
Detention City headquater
Extra-judicial Antonio Adriales, male, 1 individual January 10, Brgy San Isidro, Laug, 2 unidentified men TFCL
execution 60 yrs old 2006 Mexico, Pampanga
th th
Arrest and Mente Almonte, 20 yrs 1 individual January 14, Balingasag, Misamis Members of 8 IBPA, 4 ID, identified TFDP
Detention and old, single and a 2006 Oriental as Sgt. Emeripos Babuyo and Pfc.
attempted killing resident of Brgy San Jessie BAilo
Jose, Medina, Misamis
Oriental
Arrest and Emmanuel Olinan 1 individual January 14, Balingasag, Misamis Combined elements of poliece and TFDP
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators
th
Detention w/ Saguinlao, 24 yrs old, 2006 Oriental military under the 8 IBPA
Torture single and a resident of
Sitio Looc, Brgy
Solana, Jasaan,
Misamis Oriental
Arrest and Alan Mancing, 36 yrs 1 individual January 19, Brgy Pinamupuan, SPO2 Alejandro Paduga based in TFDP
Detention old, farmer, married 2006 Carigara, Leyte PNP-Carigara, Leyte
and resident of Brgy
Balugo, Capoocan,
leyte
st
Arrest and Eddie Amper, 45 yrs 1 individual January 26, San Isidro, Bais City Combined team of 61 IBPA and PNP- TFDP
Detention old, married and 2006 Mabinay
resident of Brgy San
Isidro, Bais City
Attempted Killing Marlon C. Maspat, 27 1 individual January 31, Brgy Sta. Monica, San Oscar Sese Romero and Michael TFCL
yrs old 2006 Simon, Pampanga Arsenio (members of Batu Brothers
group)
Arrest and Elvie Apolona, male, 1 individual February 10, Butuan City Joint elements of RIID/R2, Police TFDP
nd th
Detention w/ 32 yrs old, married and 2006 regional office 13, 42 MICO, 4
harassment resident of Diatagon, IBPA and Intelligence Platoon from
th
Lianga, Surigao del Sur 36 IBPA led by Col. Wilfredo Flores
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

Reyes, Police superintendent, DSC,


OIC, RIID, PRO XII
th
Extra-judicial Audie Lucero, 19 yrs 1 individula February 13, Barangay Capitangan, Elements of 24 IBPA and Lubao TFCL
execution old and resident of 2006 Balanga Police
Brgy Daang Bago,
Samal, Bataan
Harassment Farm Beneficiaries 42 members February 16, Hacienda Dorotea, Brgy DALO Members and Armed men TFN
belonging to Task 2006 and May Kapitan Ramon, Silay Allegedly belonging to Revolutionary
Force Mapalad 16, 2006 city Proletariat Army
Violent Dispersal Members of Laban ng 20,000 February 24, EDSA-Santolan, CIDG-PNP TFDP
of Protest and Masa individuals (26 2006 Quezon City
Arrest and arrested)
Detention
Arrest and Ian Jay Cesar, 23 yrs 1 individual February 27, Brgy Bitalig, Bansalan, Members of PNP led by SPO4 Raul E. TFDP
Detention w/ old, single and a 2006 Davao del Sur Ramirez and SPO1 Reynaldo F.
torture resident of Maa, Davao Albasin of Bansalan Police Station
City
th th
Harassment Members of Zone One 100 individuals February 28, Phase 4-A, Towerville Members of 56 IBPA, 7 ID under TFDP
Tondo Organization at 2006 Subdivision, Bulacan the command of Maj. Gen. Jovito
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

Phasse-4, Towerville Palparan


subdivision, Bulacan
Extra-judicial Vicente B. Denila, 56 1 individual March 27, 2006 Sitio Cansuy-ong, Brgy Two unidentified armed men TFDP
execution yrs old, married with Novallas, tanjay City,
ten children and Negros Oriental
resident of Sitio
Cansuy-ong, Brgy
Novallas, tanjay City,
Negros Oriental
Harassment Hacienda Cambuktot March 28, 2006 Hacienda Cambuktot, Romulo Ellanao TFN
Farmer-Beneficiaries Brgy Mansalanao, La
Castellana
Arrest and Samuel Lagulao, 53 yrs 1 individual April 10, 2006 Iloilo Mission Hospital, Group of Regional Intelligence and TFDP
Detention old, married and Iloilo City Investigation Division led by Col.
resident of Roxas City, Maghari
Capiz
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

Extra-judicial Rico Adeva, 39, 1 individual April 15, 2006 Hacienda Fuego II, Three unidentified armed men TFDP
execution married and a resident Brgy Bagtic, Silay City,
of Hacienda Fuego II, Negros Occidental
Brgy Bagtic, Silay City,
Negros Occidental
Arrest and Junar Navarro 1 individual April 20, 2006 Calamba City Members of Military Intelligence TFDP
Detention Cadornigara Group 4 (MIG 4)
Extra-judicial Porfirio Maglasang Jr., 1 individual April 22, 2006 Sitio Caraan, Brgy Three unidentified armed men TFDP
execution 48 yrs old, married Tampalon, Kabankalan
with 9 children and City, Negros Occidental
resident of Sitio
Caraan, Brgy
Tampalon, Kabankalan
City, Negros
Occidental
Harassment and Antonio Magsucang 1 individual April 22, 2006; Hacienda Hulbo Unidentified gunmen TFN
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

attempted killing May 15 and 19,


2006
Arrest and Riel Custodio, Axel 5 individuals April 28, 2006 Brgy Sangay, Tagaytay Members of PNP-Calabarzon TFDP
Detention Alejandro Pinpin, City
Enrico Ybañez,
Michael Masayes and
Arístides Sarmiento
Harassment Farm beneficiaries of 2004 to present Hacienda Adoración, Mariano Locsin and certain TFN
Hacienda Adoracion Ramon, Silay City Bustamante
Harassment Farm workers of May 8, 2006 Hacienda Progreso, Intrade Corporation Management TFN
Intrade Corporation Brgy Ramon, Silay City under Marivic Yusay and Henry
Villanueva
Extra-judicial Mario Domingo, 35 yrs 1 individual May 17, 2006 Hacienda Cambuktot, Romulo Ellano, Eduardo Sevillano, TFN
execution old, president of Brgy Mansalanao, La Eric Fernandez, Eddie Samillano,
Case Name of Victim/s Number of Date of Place of Incident Alleged Source
Victims Incident Perpetrators

Hacienda Cambuktot Castellana Ramonito Osano, Ferry Minguilio and


Agrarian Reform 10 john does
Beneficiaries
Association
(HACARBA)
th
Harassment Residents of Mexico, 11 barangays October 2004 up Mexico, Pampanga 69 IBPA TFCL
Pampanga to present

Notes on Internal Displacement in the Philippines

Prepared by the

Balay Rehabilitation Center


June 2006

The involuntary movement of civilians from their homes and farms continue to blot the human rights landscape in the Philippines. At the start of the year, a
significant number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) – estimated at 60,000 people – still remain displaced throughout Mindanao.. This figure includes people
who were uprooted by the 2000 and 2003 wars and who are reluctant to return to areas where frequent skirmishes threaten their safety, as well as people who are
still waiting for the government to help them rebuild homes and livelihoods destroyed during the conflict.3

3
In 2005, more than 160,000 people have reportedly been displaced in the country due to clashes between the military and different rebel groups and the government’s anti-terrorism campaigns.
The estimate is taken from various sources compiled by the Geneva-based International Displacement Monitoring Center (IDMC).
While the number of skirmishes in the southern island of Mindanao has declined due to the ceasefire declared by the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) and
the government three years ago, military operations against the communist New People’s Army (NPA) and the Abu Sayyaf Group have continue to poise a threat
to human security.

It appears likely that internal displacement will persist despite the optimism expressed by the government panel negotiating with the MILF that guns will be
silenced in Mindanao soon. This is indicated by the public pronouncement of National Security Adviser Norberto Gonzales that it is futile to pursue peace
negotiation with the NPA because the rebels continue to bear arms (Inquirer, 6/9/06).

The government and the National Democratic Front (NDF) have agreed to observe the humanitarian rules of combat and signed an accord to this effect more than a
decade ago.
However, the rebel group has rejected calls for a ceasefire, and the military went after the guerillas who operates in civilian communities. Not long after, the
government accused the NPA of targeting non-military facilities, such as commercial communication towers, in its tactical offensives. With the government
accusing the NPA of terrorism, the rebels declined to attend peace negotiations. With the suspension of the peace talks the accord on the IHL seemed to be
relegated on the sidelines. Meanwhile, a comprehensive piece of legislation is yet to be passed by government to formally secure civilians caught in the midst of
armed conflict.

Balay has noted of the following displacement events from February to May this year:

• Some 3,000 families fled to escape clashes between government troops and communist rebels in Sta. Ignacia, Tarlac, The alleged military operation was
attributed to Col. Ricardo Garcia – chief of Army 702 Infantry Brigade and Lt. Col. Gregory Cayetano – Commander 71st Infantry Battalion (Inquirer.
2/3/06)

• Around 198 families or 1,188 persons from Barangay Hagbay in San jose de Buan town and also from Barangays San Andres, Buri, Sto. Nino in the town
of Mationg where compelled to evacuate at the height of military actions against the NPA in those areas. The troops were reportedly from the Army’s 34th
Infantry Battalion led by Col. Glorvida Dida based in San Jorge town. (Inquirer, 3/22/ 06)

• An estimated 50 armed men attacked Brgy. Tugal Midsayap in North Cotabato which forced around 100 civilians, mostly women and children, to flee. The
attack came three days after armed men killed the barangay chair, Tubog Pulalong, allegedly a former MILF field (Inquirer, 4/20/06)
• The government’s campaign to crush the Abu Sayyaf Group in Sulu has reportedly prevented more than 4,000 from returning home in 4 villages in Patikul
town , namely: Brgys. Kabuntakan, Kandabal, Maligoy, Darayan since 2000. The presence of marine soldiers reportedly has brought fear to displaced
villagers (Inquirer, 5 / 2/06)

• Hundreds of indigenous Agta families are being uprooted from their mountainous abode in the Sierra Madre. According to Nap Bundichom president of the
Agta association known as Adhikain ng mga grupong Taong Katutubo na Nagtatanggol sa Lupang Ninuno, the military has been suspecting them of
offering their settlements as sanctuaries to rebels especially during military operations (Inquirer, 5 /8/06).

The internally displaced persons (IDPs) are usually poor and uneducated peasants as well as indigenous people fleeing their homes for fear of being caught in the
crossfire or after being ordered to leave by the military due to counter-insurgency operations. From 2000 to 2005, the vast majority of the displaced are Muslims in
Central Mindanao, a reflection of the overall ethnic composition of the areas affected by fighting.4

By the second half of 2005, the military response to the rise in tactical offensives of the NPA had uprooted an estimated at 15,000 individuals in various parts of
the country, which indicate a nationwide trend as shown in the following details:5.

 In Surigao del Sur province in north-eastern Mindanao an estimated 4,000 people fled military operations conducted against NPA rebels last May (DSWD,
2005)

 300 families from the village of Mabini, Maglilinab in Basey, Samar sought temporary shelter in the town’s gymnasium until the military operations of the
46th Infantry Brigade under Lt. Col. Manuel Ramos against the NPA subsided.(Inquirer, 7/23/05)

 In San Luis, Aurora Province 1,400 families evacuated due to military operations against the NPA. Reports said their communities were bombed, their
food supplies were blocked, and their movements restricted by members of the 48th Infantry Battalion under Lt. Col. Joselito Kakilala. Some residents of

4
The vast majority of the IDPs are located in the Autonomous Region for Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). During the fighting in February 2003 that displaced more than 400,000 people, the areas
most affected by fighting and displacement were the provinces of Maguindanao, North Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Lanao Del Sur and Lanao del Norte in central and western Mindanao During 2005,
most of the episodic displacements took place in the same provinces sometimes affecting the same communities as in 2000 and 2003
5
The figures were taken by Balay from reports of the Philippine Daily Inquirer from July to November 2005..
Brgy. Dimanayut and Dicapinisan moved to the town of Dingalan for safety, but others were reportedly not allowed to go by the soldiers (Inquirer,
10/8/05).

 Some 800 families from the villages of San Mateo, Antonino, Mangahan and Bungoy in the town of Dolores, Quezon fled their homes in November for
fear of being caught in the crossfire between communist guerillas and government soldiers. They sought temporary shelter in the church and town hall
Philippine (Inquirer, 11/24/05).

 More than 5,000 evacuees from the towns of Dolores, Candelaria, and Tiaong in Quezon province left their homes in November as the military went after a
large number of NPA fighters who reportedly sabotaged a telecommunication tower earlier. (Inquirer, 11/25 /05)

While these figures may appear lower compared to the 400,000 civilians displaced in the height of the military action against the MILF in 2003, they are indicative
that the toll of armed conflict on the rights of civilians remain a big challenge for human rights advocates, peace promoters, development and humanitarian
agencies in and out of government alike.

Most displacements within the year have been short-term with people returning after a few days or weeks. The same trend has been observable last year with the
exception of the displacement in Sulu where a military attack on an MNLF stronghold lasted for three months, hitting hard the towns of Panamao and Indanan.6

Population at risks

Displaced women and children were among those most directly and adversely affected by the violence and displacement. Conditions in evacuation centers in Sulu
were generally described as inadequate, with insufficient food, poor medical facilities and sanitation, resulting in health risks for the most vulnerable (Mindanews,
2/19/05)

Prolonged stays in the evacuation centers tend to expose displaced children – reported to constitute 60 to 70 per cent of the IDP population – to ailments such as flu,
skin disease, coughing, measles, diarrhea and typhoid fever (NDU, 2004) .(At the end of August 2005, three children staying in evacuation centers in Guindulongan,
Maguindanao province, reportedly died as a result of diarrhea (Mindanews, 9/2/05)

6
Global IDP Project, 15 September 2005, Main conflict-induced displacement incidents in the Philippines during 2005
Psychosocial trauma also hound children exposed to fighting. Young kids in Dolores and Tiaong in Quezon where soldiers and NPA guerillas had a running battle
last year have shown signs of distress and tend to cry a lot every time they hear loud noises. Many of them were unable to return to school due to fear of renewed
hostilities7.

During displacement, roles of family members tend to be altered. Faced with limited authority and great dependency, men tend to show signs of depression and
frustration which sometimes result in domestic violence8.

Promoting a framework for national responsibility

The United Nations has repeatedly affirmed that protection against arbitrary displacement is a fundamental human rights. The UN Guiding Principles on Internal
Displacement (UNGPID) which sets the standard for humanitarian protection has reminded parties in conflict, particularly governments, that protection of civilians
against arbitrary displacement exists in times of war. As a general rule, parties in conflict are prohibited from forcing civilians to move. If displacement is justified
and must really occur, the affected communities must be adequately informed of the reasons for their displacement, and that all options to avoid their forcible
exodus are to be explored.

It is well recognized and often emphasized that because internally displaced persons remain within their country, they should, in accordance with established
principles of international law, enjoy the protection and assistance of their own governments. Indeed, governments regularly insist that they have the primary
responsibility for ensuring the security and welfare of their internally displaced populations. That responsibility for protecting and assisting the internally displaced
first and foremost with their national authorities is a core concept reflected in the United Nations Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement (UNGPID) which sets
forth the rights of IDPs and the obligations of governments towards them, and also is a central tenet guiding international and regional approaches to internal
displacement.

But what, concretely, does national responsibility towards IDPs mean? How can it be measured? Promoted? Reinforced? Supported?

These are questions that are critical to address if national responsibility for IDPs is to be realized. Measurable indicators or benchmarks are needed to provide
guidance to government in discharging this responsibility and as a basis for assessing whether it is being exercised. To this end, Brookings Institution-Bern Project
on Internal Displacement which provides policy recommendations to the office of the UN Representative on Internally Displaced Persons has come out with a
Framework for National Responsibility which sets forth benchmarks for addressing international displacement.
7
Based on reports of QUARRDS, a farmer’s organization whose members are among those displaced by the armed conflict in Quezon in November 2005.
8
World Bank ( 2005), Addressing Gender in Conflict and Post-Conflict Situations in the Philippines
1. Prevent displacement and minimize its adverse effects - Preventive strategies, including cultivating an environment of respect for human rights and
International humanitarian law as well as developing early warning and rapid response mechanism to protect populations under threat, are critical for
governments to undertake.
2. Raise national awareness of the problem – When internal displacement does occur, a government’s acknowledgement, including public pronouncement, of
the existence of the problem on its territory and on its responsibility to address it is an essential step towards an effective national response. It also requires
building a national consensus around the issue, promoting national solidarity with the displaced, and making efforts to address the crisis a national priority.

3. Data collection – Credible information on the number, location, and conditions of the internally displaced persons is essential in designing effective policies
and programs to address their needs and protect their rights. Data should be disaggregated by age, gender, ethnicity, physical conditions and other key
indicators so that the needs of a particular group of IDPs can be adequately addressed. Information gathering must be geared to protecting and assisting them
data collection should not put additional strain on the IDPs; neither should it be done in a manner that is not culturally-sensitive and tends to compromise
their security.

4. Trainings on the rights IDPs. – Government officials must be made aware of the rights of the displaced. This is essential in for ensuring that they know
their responsibilities for protecting and assisting the internally displaced.

5. Create a national legal framework – In countries all over the world, the adoption of legislation on internal displacement has proved valuable in defining
IDPs, setting forth their rights, and establishing the obligations of governments towards them. Another approach is to review and analyze existing national
legislations in terms of its compatibility with the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement and to revise legal and administrative regulations accordingly.

6. Develop a national policy on internal displacement. – This action is a distinct, though complementary, measure to the enactment of national legislation. Its
measures, among others, includes identifying and delineating national and local institutional responsibilities of different government departments, as well as
identify a mechanism for coordination among them. The polices will be most effective when developed in full consultation with IDP communities.

7. Designate an institutional focal point for IDPs. – A national focal point on internal displacement can facilitate coordination within government and with
local and international partners, including NGOs. An existing government agency may be tasked to perform this function, or a separate body or committee
may also be formed to regularly bring together officials from the relevant departments to jointly discuss IDP issues and needs. The focal agency can
coordinate and facilitate various actions, and develop strategies for ensuring an effective responses.
8. Encourage national human rights institutions to integrate IDPs concerns into their work – It is well recognized that national human rights institutions make
an important contribution to national efforts promoting and protecting human rights. They enjoy official recognition by government and also command
significant respect within national official bodies. Among the steps that national institutions could take are:

- Monitor IDP conditions to ensure that their rights are respected and protected in all phases of displacement.
- Conduct inquiries, document violations of human rights, assist IDPs in seeking redress of grievances, and work to ensure an effective response by the
authorities.
- Follow-up on early warnings and ensure effective measures to protect populations against arbitrary displacement.
- Advise the government on the rights of IDPs towards the shaping of a sound national policy and legislation to effectively address situations of internal
displacement.
- Undertake educational activities and training programs for state authorities, including the armed forces; and hold public information drives on the rights
of the IDPs.

9. Ensure the participation of IDPs in decision making – Internally displaced persons have the right to request, and to receive, protection and humanitarian
assistance from their governments. An environment must exist where IDPs can make their views known without risk of punishment or harm. Consultation
with them is critical to the effectiveness of efforts to promote their protection and assistance.

10. Support durable solutions.- Governments have the duty to establish conditions and provide the means to allow IDPs to return voluntarily, in safety and
dignity, to their places of habitual residence or, if they choose, resettle in another part of the country. In cases of conflict-induced displacement, this typically
will require an end to the conflict or a fundamental change in the circumstances that originally caused the displacement. Landmines will also need to be
cleared. Protection mechanism should be put in place in areas of return or resettlement through measures that ensure respect for human rights.

11. Allocate adequate resources to address the problem – National responsibility requires that governments devote, to the extent possible, resources to address
the needs and protect the rights of their internally displaced populations. Some countries have made efforts to do so by specifically designating funds in the
national budget for IDP programs. Where a government lacks sufficient capacity to address the needs of the internally displaced, it can and indeed should
turn to the international community for assistance.

12. Cooperate with the international community - When national capacity is insufficient to provide for the security and well-being of their displaced populations,
they should, as an exercise of responsible sovereignty, invite or accept international assistance and work together with international as well as regional
organizations in addressing the protection and assistance needs of the displaced and identifying durable solutions to the plight of the IDPs.
List of Victims of Involuntary Disappearance Under the GMA Administration
April 2001 - June 13, 2006
Prepared by Families of Victims of Involuntary Disappearance

Date of
No Name of disappearan Suspected Case
. victim ce Sex Place of incident Perpetrator status Motive/Orgn
Menidilla, Unidentified still
1 Dennis 04/18/01 M Bgy. Saray, Pangil, Laguna state agent missing Bayan Muna coordinator
72nd Infantry
Prochina, Bgy. Concepcion, Sta. Josefa, Batallion, Phil. surfaced
2 Marcelino 05/04/01 M Agusan del Sur Army alive suspected NPA
Leynes, still
3 Bernabe 08/20/01 M Bgy. Catablingan, Nakar, Quezon Philippine Army missing suspected NPA
18th Scout
Aparato, Villa Pag-asa, Bongabong, Oriental Ranger, Phil. still
4 Larry 09/22/01 M Mindoro Army missing suspected NPA
18th Scout
Germozino, Villa Pag-asa, Bongabong, Oriental Ranger, Phil. still
5 Allan 09/22/01 M Mindoro Army missing suspected NPA
Bgy. Tigbinway, Tungdualan and
Amada, Tungayan, Sibugay, Zamboanga still
6 Hasan 10/10/01 M del Norte Philippine Army missing suspected MILF
Bgy. Tigbinway, Tungdualan and
Sulaiman, Tungayan, Sibugay, Zamboanga still
7 Muhidin 10/10/01 M del Norte Philippine Army missing suspected MILF
Bgy. Tigbinway, Tungdualan and
Sulaiman, Tungayan, Sibugay, Zamboanga still
8 Yosup Pablo 10/10/01 M del Norte Philippine Army missing suspected MILF
9 Ramos, Arnel 12/02/01 M Monumento, Caloocan City Region 4 surfaced Member, Sosyalistang Kilusan
ng Manggagawa; suspected
operatives, PNP alive PMLP members
Member, Sosyalistang Kilusan
Esguerra, Region 4 surfaced ng Manggagawa; suspected
10 Joselito 12/02/01 M Monumento, Caloocan City operatives, PNP alive PMLP members
71st Infantry
Orcino, Bgy. Sto. Nino, San Jose City, Batallion, Phil. still
11 Juan Jr. 02/09/02 M Nueva Ecija Army missing Organizer, Bayan Muna
71st Infantry
Ayroso, Bgy. Sto. Nino, San Jose City, Batallion, Phil. still
12 Honorio 02/09/02 M Nueva Ecija Army missing student activist
Madjiril, Philippine surfaced
13 Basir 03/30/02 M Lustre st, Zamboanga City Marines alive Suspected ASG/MNLF

Philippine surfaced
14 Muner, Kusir 03/30/02 M Lustre st, Zamboanga City Marines alive Suspected ASG

Philippine surfaced
15 Aralun, Salim 03/30/02 M Lustre st, Zamboanga City Marines alive Suspected ASG
Muner, Philippine surfaced
16 Taufic 03/30/02 M Lustre st, Zamboanga City Marines alive Suspected ASG
Sr. Supt.
Usman, Bartolome
Uztad Galamang, Polomolok, South Baluyot, PRO XII, still suspected MILF/involved in
17 Mohaliddin 05/07/02 M Cotabato PNP missing Gen. Santos bombing
Jekeron, surfaced
18 Ahmad 05/07/02 M Magallanes, Cotabato city Military alive Suspected ASG/MNLF
Amiruddin, surfaced
19 Ikram 05/07/02 M Magallanes, Cotabato city Military alive Suspected ASG/MNLF
Amiruddin, surfaced
20 Arman 05/07/02 M Magallanes, Cotabato city Military alive Suspected ASG/MNLF
Mapandi, surfaced
21 Khalib 05/07/02 M Magallanes, Cotabato city Military alive Suspected ASG/MNLF
elements of the
Mustasa, 21st IB, Phil. surfaced
22 Rolando 08/24/02 M Bgy. Guyuran, Juban, Sorsogon Army alive

Saducos, Bgy. Tabinay, Maliit, Puerto Unidentified still


23 Victor 11/23/02 M Galera, Oriental Mindoro state agent missing

Jailani, Poblacion Kalawit, Zamboanga del Mayor Arnold still


24 Kasiran 1/19/2003 M Norte Canoto missing suspected MILF and arsonist
Bendong, Poblacion Kalawit, Zamboanga del Mayor Arnold still
25 Carding 1/19/2003 M Norte Canoto missing suspected MILF and arsonist
Tabo, Bgy. Damulog, Malaybalay, elements of the still
26 Berting 01/27/03 M Bukidnon 8th IB, Phil. Army missing suspected MNLF

Bgy. Damulog, Malaybalay, elements of the still


27 Anok, Zaida 01/27/03 F Bukidnon 8th IB, Phil. Army missing suspected MNLF

Tabo, Bgy. Damulog, Malaybalay, elements of the still


28 Norodin 01/27/03 F Bukidnon 8th IB, Phil. Army missing suspected MNLF

Tabo, Bgy. Damulog, Malaybalay, elements of the still


29 Saddam 01/27/03 M Bukidnon 8th IB, Phil. Army missing suspected MNLF

Montawal, Bgy. Damulog, Malaybalay, elements of the still


30 Bangkas 01/27/03 M Bukidnon 8th IB, Phil. Army missing suspected MNLF

Bgy. Damulog, Malaybalay, elements of the still


31 Tabo, Udad 01/27/03 M Bukidnon 8th IB, Phil. Army missing suspected MNLF
Masukat, Bgy. Damulog, Malaybalay, elements of the still
32 Tongatong 01/27/03 M Bukidnon 8th IB, Phil. Army missing suspected MNLF

Abdullah, Bgy. Damulog, Malaybalay, elements of the surfaced


33 Ayoub 01/27/03 M Bukidnon 8th IB, Phil. Army alive suspected MNLF

Ampunan, Bgy. Damulog, Malaybalay, elements of the surfaced


34 Mama 01/27/03 F Bukidnon 8th IB, Phil. Army alive suspected MNLF

Bgy. Damulog, Malaybalay, elements of the surfaced


35 Otso, Jojo 01/27/03 M Bukidnon 8th IB, Phil. Army alive suspected MNLF

Tabo, Bgy. Damulog, Malaybalay, elements of the surfaced


36 Khadafy 01/27/03 M Bukidnon 8th IB, Phil. Army alive suspected MNLF

Guiamlang, Bgy. Damulog, Malaybalay, elements of the surfaced


37 Taidie 01/27/03 M Bukidnon 8th IB, Phil. Army alive suspected MNLF

Alim, Bgy. Damulog, Malaybalay, elements of the surfaced


38 Mohammad 01/27/03 M Bukidnon 8th IB, Phil. Army alive Suspected MNLF

Active in anti-mining and anti-


Resurreccion Unidentified surfaced PPA campaigns; Aglipayan
39 , Fr. Melvin 1/28/2003 M Sison, Surigao del Norte state agent alive priest

Aynum Sitio Takid, Buong Lupa, Gloria, O. surfaced


40 "Ricky" Looy 3/30/2003 M Mindoro Philippine Army alive Rebel returnee
five armed men
Sitio Pag-asa, Bgy. Morente, in civilian clothes found
41 Agaw, Untoy 3/30/2003 M Oriental Mindoro (Bounet) dead Suspected NPA
Uztadz
Allimudin Unidentifed state Still suspected terrorist (Davao
42 Zulliple 4/7/2003 M Davao City Agents Missing bombing)
Macellana, Found
43 Eden 4/21/2003 F Naujan, Mindoro Oriental Alsa Masa dead Karapatan
Gumacoy, Found
44 Eddie 4/21/2003 M Naujan, Mindoro Oriental Alsa Masa dead Karapatan
Dep. Sec. Gen., Katipunan ng
Samahang Magbubukid sa
Bernardino, Unidentified still Timog Katagalugan; Rural
45 Lino 5/24/2003 M Occidental Mindoro state agent missing Missionaries of the Phil.
Willy Javier (MIG
asset) dumped found Community organizer,
46 Doydoy, Lito 9/9/2003 M Maco, Compostela Valley the bodies dead Anakbayan
Willy Javier (MIG
Reynoso, asset) dumped found
47 Marjorie 9/9/2003 F Maco, Compostela Valley the bodies dead Coordinator, Anakbayan
Willy Javier (MIG
Benaro, asset) dumped found Councilor, Sanggunian
48 Jonathan 9/9/2003 M Maco, Compostela Valley the bodies dead Kabataan
Willy Javier (MIG
Ragase, asset) dumped found
49 Ramon 9/9/2003 M Maco, Compostela Valley the bodies dead
Hayudini, Intelligence surfaced
50 Edzmar 10/1/2003 M Ilioilo City Group/PNP alive Suspected ASG
seven
Portaleza, Agta Beach Resort, Bgy. Kilima, unidentified still
51 Rolando 2/21/2004 M Baybay, Leyte armed men missing Member, Bayan Muna

seven
Paguntalan, Agta Beach Resort, Bgy. Kilima, unidentified still
52 Jacqueline 2/21/2004 F Baybay, Leyte armed men missing Member, Bayan Muna

15 unidentified still
53 Bueta, Pedro 3/13/2004 M Bgy. Buo, Magdalena, Laguna armed men missing Organizer, Anak Pawis

Jimlan, 3 heavily armed still


54 Carpit 4/30/2004 M Upper Sirib, Calinan, Davao City unidentified men missing

Adornado, still
55 Ruel 06/00/2004 M Candelaria, Quezon PNP missing Anak bayan Activist

Ostonal, still
56 Oliver 06/00/2004 M Candelaria, Quezon PNP missing Anak bayan Activist
20 soldiers
belonging to the
34th IB, PA
Lazarra, Bgy. Sto. Niñ0, Motiong, Western based in San surfaced
57 Artemio 7/4/2004 M Samar Jorge alive suspected NPA supporters
20 soldiers
belonging to the
34th IB, PA
Lazarra, Bgy. Sto. Niñ0, Motiong, Western based in San surfaced
58 Josephine 7/4/2004 F Samar Jorge alive suspected NPA supporters
20 soldiers
belonging to the
34th IB, PA
Lazarra, Bgy. Sto. Niñ0, Motiong, Western based in San surfaced
59 Jocelyn 7/4/2004 F Samar Jorge alive suspected NPA supporters
20 soldiers
belonging to the
34th IB, PA
Lazarra, Bgy. Sto. Niñ0, Motiong, Western based in San surfaced
60 Jonathan 7/4/2004 M Samar Jorge alive suspected NPA supporters

Gabane, Bgy. Sto. Niñ0, Motiong, Western surfaced


61 Leonorio 7/4/2004 M Samar Philippine Army alive

Mabilog, Bgy. Sto. Niñ0, Motiong, Western surfaced


62 Antonio 7/4/2004 M Samar Philippine Army alive

Mabanan, Bgy. Sto. Niñ0, Motiong, Western surfaced


63 Edboy 7/4/2004 M Samar Philippine Army alive

Salingsing, Bgy. Sto. Niñ0, Motiong, Western surfaced


64 Nonoy 7/4/2004 M Samar Philippine Army alive

Lamigo, Sitio Masilap, Bgy. San Isidro, 80th IB, Phil. surfaced Community organizer, Alab
65 Recaredo 7/5/2004 M Montalban, Rizal Army alive Katipunan

Detroz, still
66 Mario 7/18/2004 M Sampaloc, Manila ISAFP missing Bayan/Bayan Muna members
Gonzales, still
67 Joseph 7/18/2004 M Sampaloc, Manila ISAFP missing Bayan/Bayan Muna members
Comiso, still
68 Ronaldo 7/18/2004 M Sampaloc, Manila ISAFP missing Bayan/Bayan Muna members

Panalangin, surfaced suspected terrorist (Davao


69 Al Molk 10/6/2004 M Paco, Manila ISAFP alive bombing)
Usop, surfaced suspected terrorist (Davao
70 Monawara 10/6/2004 F Paco, Manila ISAFP alive bombing)

Mubpon, surfaced suspected terrorist (Davao


71 Morshid 10/6/2004 M SM City - North, Quezon City ISAFP alive bombing)

Dawing, Upper Sepaka, Surallah, South 27th IB, still suspected MILF and Abu
72 Senior 10/18/2004 M Cotabato Philippine Army missing Sayyaf members

Gogo, Amil Upper Sepaka, Surallah, South 27th IB, surfaced suspected MILF and Abu
73 Maslamama 10/18/2004 M Cotabato Philippine Army alive Sayyaf members

Gogo, Upper Sepaka, Surallah, South 27th IB, surfaced suspected MILF and Abu
74 Akmad 10/18/2004 M Cotabato Philippine Army alive Sayyaf members

Gogo, Upper Sepaka, Surallah, South 27th IB, surfaced suspected MILF and Abu
75 Sabandal 10/18/2004 M Cotabato Philippine Army alive Sayyaf members

Manamba, still suspected terrorist (Davao


76 Rio Dimson 11/1/2004 M Panabo, Davao del Norte ISAFP missing bombing)

Camili, Abdul still suspected terrorist (Davao


77 Rahman 11/1/2004 M Panabo, Davao del Norte ISAFP missing bombing)
Estanislao, surfaced
78 Amador 11/9/2004 M Rizal alive

Dela Cruz, surfaced


79 Rolando 11/9/2004 M Rizal alive

Cugihan, found
80 Dawbe 12/4/2004 M Nasipit, Agusan del Norte Philippine Army dead suspected NPA

Abalos, Still
81 Patricio 3/28/2005 M Catbalogan, Samar Phil. Army Missing Suspected NPA

Buton, still
82 Raynaldo 02/00/2005 M Bansud, O.Mindoro Philippine Army missing Suspected NPA

still
83 Amahan, Joel 4/4/2005 M Andap Valley, Surigao del sur Military missing suspected NPA

still
84 Casil, lolong 4/4/2005 M Andap Valley, Surigao del sur Military missing suspected NPA
still
85 Casil, Lowi 4/4/2005 M Andap Valley, Surigao del sur Military missing suspected NPA
still
86 Casil, Arnulfo 4/4/2005 M Andap Valley, Surigao del sur Military missing suspected NPA
surfaced
87 Cata, Junrey 4/4/2005 M Andap Valley, Surigao del sur Military alive Suspected NPA
surfaced
88 Casil, Junrey 4/4/2005 M Andap Valley, Surigao del sur Military alive Suspected NPA
surfaced
89 Casil, Ranly 4/4/2005 M Andap Valley, Surigao del sur Military alive Suspected NPA
Velasco, Still
90 Jovito 4/22/2005 M Calbayog City, Wesyern Samar Philippine Army Missing Suspected NPA
Parani, Still
91 Narciso 4/22/2005 M Calbayog City, Wesyern Samar Philippine Army Missing Suspected NPA
Garcia, Unidentifed state Surface
92 Ramoncito 5/28/2005 M Mulanay, Quezon City Agents Alive Former NPA
Barquillo, Unidentified still
93 Armando 7/26/2005 M Public Market, Cavite City armed men missing Anak Pawis member
de Castro, Unidentified surfaced
94 Lirio 7/26/2005 M Public Market, Cavite City armed men alive Tricycle driver
Villanueva, surfaced
95 Marilou 9/30/2005 F Kabangkalan, Negros Occ. Philippine Army alive KMP/ organizer
Villanueva, surfaced
96 Abraham 9/30/2005 M Kabangkalan, Negros Occ. Philippine Army alive KMP/ organizer
Villar, surfaced
97 Charity 9/30/2005 F Kabangkalan, Negros Occ. Philippine Army alive KMP/ organizer
Dayanan, surfaced
98 Darry 9/30/2005 M Kabangkalan, Negros Occ. Philippine Army alive Teatro Obrero OrganizerNFSW
Dionson, surfaced
99 Norito 9/30/2005 M Kabangkalan, Negros Occ. Philippine Army alive KMP/Cosultant
10 Abrasaldo, surfaced
0 Rico 9/30/2005 M Kabangkalan, Negros Occ. Philippine Army alive Driver
10 Gellegan, surfaced
1 Jeremie 9/30/2005 F Kabangkalan, Negros Occ. Philippine Army alive Farmer/KMP member
10 Esteban, Found
2 Cecilia 10/2/2005 F Guimba, Nueva Ecija Unknown dead Anak Pawis member
10 still
3 Paras, Tomas 10/13/2005 M Samal, Bataan Philippine Army missing Rebel returnee
10 Flamiano, surfaced
4 Amil 10/29/2005 M Baguio City PNP alive Suspected ASG
10 surfaced
5 De vera, Pio 12/15/2005 M Zamboanga City Military alive suspected terrorist
10 Desacula,
6 Francis Noel 1/9/2006 M Batangas City Philippine Air Force still missing Labor Activist
10 Lucero, found
7 Audie 2/12/2006 M Bataan PNP/Military dead Activist
10 Manalo, still
8 Ramond 2/14/2006 M San Ildefonso, Bulacan Military missing Suspected NPA
10 Manalo, still
9 Reynaldo 2/14/2006 M San Ildefonso, Bulacan Military missing Suspected NPA
11 Campus, Unidentified still
0 Pepito 2/18/2006 M San Antonio, Nueva Ecija armed men missing Activist
11 Parungao, Unidentified still
1 Leonardo 2/18/2006 M San Antonio, Nueva Ecija armed men missing Activist
11 Unidentified still
2 Estriber, Joey 3/3/2006 M Baler, Aurora armed men missing NGO worker
11 Concepcion, still
3 Rogelio 3/6/2006 M San Ildefonso, Bulacan Philippine Army missing SDCWA, labor leader
11 still
4 Intan, Ronald 4/3/2006 M h.Luisita,Tarlac Philippine Army missing Anak Bayan member
11 Almonte, Unidentified still
5 Dario 4/6/2006 M Batangas City armed men missing Activist
11 Custodio, surfaced
6 Riel 4/28/2006 M Tagaytay City PNP/Military alive Peasant activist
11 Axel alejrdro surfaced
7 Pinpin 4/28/2006 M Tagaytay City PNP/Military alive Peasant activist
11 Ybanez, surfaced
8 Enrico 4/28/2006 M Tagaytay City PNP/Military alive Peasant activist
11 Masayes, surfaced
9 Michael 4/28/2006 M Tagaytay City PNP/Military alive Peasant activist
12 Sarmiento, surfaced
0 Aristedes 4/28/2006 M Tagaytay City PNP/Military alive Peasant activist
12 Limjoco, still
1 Philip 5/8/2006 M Dau, Pampanga Unknown missing Activist
12 Porter, Unidentified still
2 Ronald 5/16/2006 M San Rafael st, Makati City armed men missing Acivist
12 Guinto, Unidentified still
3 Domingo 5/17/2006 M Gen. Tinio, Nueva Ecija armed men missing
12 Interior, Unidentified still
4 Abelardo 5/17/2006 M Gen. Tinio, Nueva Ecija armed men missing
12 Tranquilino, Unidentified still
5 Virgilio 5/17/2006 M Gen. Tinio, Nueva Ecija armed men missing
12 Estaquio, surfaced
6 Virgilio 5/22/2006 M Kamuning, Quezon City ISAFP alive UMDJ member
12 Cabauatan, surfaced
7 Jim 5/22/2006 M Kamuning, Quezon City ISAFP alive UMDJ member
12 Dionisio, surfaced
8 Ruben 5/22/2006 M Kamuning, Quezon City ISAFP alive UMDJ member
12 Curameng, surfaced
9 Jose 5/22/2006 M Kamuning, Quezon City ISAFP alive UMDJ member
13 Ebona, surfaced
0 Dennis 5/22/2006 M Kamuning, Quezon City ISAFP alive UMDJ member