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Minnetonka

Bible Study
The Apostle
Paul’s Letter to
the Romans
Outline of Romans
1 Introduction: God’s Gospel for All People (1:1-17).
2 Condemnation: God’s Righteous Wrath upon All
Humanity (1:18-3:20).
3 Justification: God’s Righteous Grace for All who
believe in him (3:21-8:39).
4 Vindication: God’s Righteous Faithfulness to His
Covenant Promise (9:1-11:36).
5 Exhortation: God’s Righteous Will required by His
Mercy (12:1-15:6).
6 Conclusion: God’s Righteous Steadfastness to His
Promises (15:7-13).
7 Postlude: God’s Righteous Favor to Gentiles—Paul’s
Personal Plans with Greetings (15:14-16:27).
Romans 8:1-39
The Life of Justification:

•Already We are God’s Sons—We Already have the


Spirit (8:1-17).
•Not Yet are We Revealed as God’s Sons—Our Bodies
have Not Yet been Redeemed (8:18-30).
•Our Conquest over All Things is Sure in Christ (8:31-
39).
Romans 8:1-17
The Life of Justification:
Already we are God’s Sons—
We already have the Spirit
Romans 8:9-11
9 But you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if
indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. And if
someone does not have the Spirit of Christ, that one
does not belong to him. 10 But if Christ is in you, the
body is dead on account of sin, yet the Spirit is life
on account of righteousness. 11 But if the Spirit of
the one who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in
you, then the one who raised Christ from the dead
will give life also to your mortal bodies through his
Spirit who is in you.
Paul’s Reasoning in 8:9-11
• 8:9—But you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the
Spirit of God dwells in you. And if someone does not have the
Spirit of Christ, that one does not belong to him.
• 8:10—But if Christ is in you, the body is dead on account of sin,
yet the Spirit is life on account of righteousness.
• 8:11—But if the Spirit of the one who raised Jesus from the dead
dwells in you, then the one who raised Christ from the dead will
give life also to your mortal bodies.

What is the Function of the Suppositions


• To compel readers to ask themselves, “What about me? Do I have
the Spirit? Is Christ in me? Is the Spirit that raised Jesus from
the dead living in me?”
• Paul’s suppositions assume for the sake of the argument that his
suppositions are true of his readers.
Romans 8:12-17
12 Therefore, then, brothers and sisters we are under
obligation but not to the flesh that we should live
according to it, 13 for if you live according to the flesh,
you will die; but if by the Spirit you put to death the
deeds of the body you will live. 14 For as many as are led
by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God. 15 For you
have not received the Spirit of slavery leading again to
terror, but you received the Spirit of adoption in which
we cry out, “Abba, Father!” 16 The Spirit himself
testifies with our spirit that we are children of God. 17
Now if we are children, we are also heirs, heirs of God
and fellow-heirs with Christ, if indeed we suffer
together with him, in order that we should also be
glorified together with him.
Paul’s Reasoning in 8:12-17
• 8:12-13—Therefore, then, brothers and sisters we are under
obligation but not to the flesh that we should live according to it,
for if you live according to the flesh, you will die; but if by the
Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body you will live.
• 8:14—For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, these are sons
of God.
• 8:15—For you have not received the Spirit of slavery leading
again to terror, but you received the Spirit of adoption in which
we cry out, “Abba, Father!”
• 8:16—The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are
children of God.
• 8:17—Now if we are children, we are also heirs, heirs of God and
fellow-heirs with Christ, if indeed we suffer together with him, in
order that we should also be glorified together with him.
Paul’s Reasoning in 8:12-17
8:12-13—Therefore, then, brothers and sisters we are under
obligation but not to the flesh that we should live according to it,
for if you live according to the flesh, you will die; but if by the
Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body you will live.

• The gospel obligates us. “Therefore, then, brothers and sisters


we are under obligation. . . .”
• The call of the gospel to persevere in obedience. “If you live
according to the flesh, you will die; but if by the Spirit you put
to death the deeds of the body you will live.”
• The initial call of the gospel. “If you believe in the Lord Jesus
Christ, you will be saved; if not, you will perish.”
• The paradox of the gospel’s call.
– If you live according to the flesh, you will die.
– If by the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body you will live.
Paul’s Reasoning in 8:12-17
8:15-17—For you have not received the Spirit of slavery leading
again to terror, but you received the Spirit of adoption in which
we cry out, “Abba, Father!” The Spirit himself testifies with our
spirit that we are children of God. Now if we are children, we are
also heirs, heirs of God and fellow-heirs with Christ, if indeed we
suffer together with him, in order that we should also be
glorified together with him.

• 8:15—Assurance that we are God’s children—We cry out,


“Abba, Father!”
• 8:16—The Spirit is the source of assurance that we are God’s
children.
• 8:17—As it was with Christ, so it is with Christ’s people.
– Suffering, then glory (cf. Luke 24:26).
– Cross, then the crown (cf. 1 Peter 2:21; 1:11).