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Федеральное государственное образовательное бюджетное учреждение

высшего образования

«ФИНАНСОВЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ ПРИ ПРАВИТЕЛЬСТВЕ


РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ»

Департамент языковой подготовки

Манвелова И.А.

Контрольная работа № 2

по дисциплине
«ИНОСТРАННЫЙ ЯЗЫК»

Направление подготовки –38.03.04 «Государственное и муниципальное


управление»

Заочная форма обучения


1 курс
(программа подготовки бакалавров)

Одобрено Советом Департамента языковой подготовки


Протокол № 41 от 13 февраля 2020 г.

МОСКВА

2020
Манвелова И.А. «ИНОСТРАННЫЙ ЯЗЫК».
Контрольная работа для самостоятельной работы студентов-заочников
первого курса (программа подготовки бакалавров), обучающихся по
направлению-38.03.04 «Государственное и муниципальное управление».-
М.: Финуниверситет, 2020.-36с.

2
Содержание

Требования к оформлению контрольной работы …………………..………… .4

Выполнение работы над ошибками…………………………………………….. 5

Титульный лист…………………………………………………………………...6

Контрольная работа

Вариант № 1…………………………………………………………………….....7

Вариант № 2……………………………………………………………….......... 13

Вариант № 3……………………………………………………………………...19

Вариант № 4……………………………………………………………………...25

Вариант № 5……………………………………………………………………...31

3
Требования к оформлению контрольной работы

Получив контрольную работу, необходимо:

1) изучить методические рекомендации по работе с материалом учебника;

2) проработать грамматический и лексический материал уроков;

3) выполнить упражнения, относящиеся к грамматическому и лексическому


материалу уроков;

4) оформить работу в соответствии с действующими стандартами.

Выполнение контрольных работ носит обучающий характер и проводится


с учетом того, что этот вид работы является не только одной из форм обучения
студентов грамматике иностранного языка, но и способом расширения
словарного запаса. Наряду с этим происходит контроль самостоятельной
работы студентов, одной из форм которого является работа над ошибками,
допущенными студентами в контрольных работах.

Выполнение контрольных работ способствует развитию навыков перевода


с иностранного языка на русский язык, что является одной из задач обучения
иностранному языку.

• Контрольные задания составлены в пяти вариантах. Номер варианта следует


выбирать в соответствии с первой буквой фамилии студента.
№ варианта
А, Б, В, Г, Д, Е 1
Ж, З , И, К, Л, М 2
Н, О, П, Р, С 3
Т, У, Ф, Х, Ц, Ч 4
Ш, Щ, Э, Ю, Я 5

4
• Контрольные задания выполняются на компьютере. На титульном
листе указывается фамилия студента, номер группы, номер
контрольной работы и фамилия преподавателя, у которого занимается
студент. В конце работы должна быть поставлена подпись студента и
дата выполнения задания.
• Контрольные задания должны быть выполнены в той
последовательности, в которой они даны.
• Бумажную версию выполненной контрольной работы необходимо
сдать преподавателю для проверки и рецензирования в установленные
сроки.
• Если контрольная работа выполнена без соблюдения изложенных
выше требований, она возвращается студенту без проверки.
• Электронную версию контрольной работы можно найти на портале
Финансового университета.

Выполнение работы над ошибками

При получении проверенной контрольной работы необходимо


проанализировать отмеченные ошибки. Все задания, в которых были
сделаны ошибки или допущены неточности, следует еще раз выполнить в
конце данной контрольной работы. Контрольные работы являются
учебными документами, которые хранятся до конца учебного года. Балльная
оценка текущего контроля успеваемости включает в себя результаты
выполненных контрольных работ.

5
Титульный лист:

Федеральное государственное образовательное

бюджетное учреждение высшего образования

«ФИНАНСОВЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ

ПРИ ПРАВИТЕЛЬСТВЕ РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ»

ИНСТИТУТ ЗАОЧНОГО И ОТКРЫТОГО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ

ДЕПАРТАМЕНТ ЯЗЫКОВОЙ ПОДГОТОВКИ

КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА №____

по дисциплине «Иностранный язык»

Вариант №

Студент________________________

(Ф.И.О.)

Курс________ № группы _________


Номер зачетной книжки__________

Преподаватель __________________

(Ф.И.О.)

Москва 2020

6
Variant № 1

I. Read and translate the text. Write down the translation of the second
paragraph.

The Government Reinvention Movement

1. Many political leaders and government officials know that doing things
the “old way” no longer meets the demands of a more complex and interconnected
international economy or the expectations of a more globally-linked and politically
aware citizenry. Globalization has brought stronger competition among businesses
and pressures on governments to create economic, political and social conditions
within which the private sector can compete more effectively and in which people
can develop their human resources to benefit from participation in productive
activities.
2. Over the past quarter of a century international organizations and
progressive political leaders have called for government reinvention. Even the
most ardent critics of big government now recognize that the State will continue to
be an important political institution that can for good or ill influence the welfare of
millions of people. The challenge for political and administrative leaders in all
countries is to redefine the roles of government and to build the capacity of public
and private institutions to play beneficial roles in helping citizens to cope with the
uncertainties, and benefit from the opportunities, of globalization.
3. The need to improve governance and public administration and to
enhance the State’s capacity to carry out new functions and roles is now widely
recognized. The United Nations Millennium Declaration calls for respect for
human rights and the promotion of democracy and good governance (including
efficient and effective public administration). Good governance is a necessary
condition for the achievement of each of the Millennium Development Goals
(MDGs) – eradicating extreme poverty and hunger; achieving universal primary
education and promoting global partnership for development.

II. Answer the questions:

1. What do the most ardent critics of big government come to recognize?


2. What is the challenge for political and administrative leaders in all countries?
3. What does the United Nations Millennium Declaration call for?

7
III. Match the words with the definitions.

1) structure a) to make someone eager to do something

2) dynamic b) all the people who work for a particular


or organization, or in a particular place
3) experience c) a job that involves encouraging people
to buy a product or service

4) to motivate d) having a lot of ideas, energy, and enthusiasm:


(the process of getting) knowledge or skill from
doing, seeing, or feeling things
5) research e) to make something certain to happen

6) staff f) the process of getting knowledge or skill from


doing, seeing, or feeling things

7) to ensure g) the way in which the parts of a system or object


are arranged or organized, or a system arranged
in this way

8) marketing h) detailed study of a subject, especially in order


to discover new information or understand the
subject better

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

IV. Complete each sentence with a word from the box.

a) dynamic b) experience c) research d) ensures


e) structure f) to motivate g)staff h) marketing

1. There are a lot of changes and ........are worried about their jobs.
2. Companies usually have a ……with senior managers at the top and
employees at the bottom.
3. Their new manager really knows how .........staff.
8
4. We are looking for a manager with a lot of ....... in finance.
5. What is the secret for making and ........a successful product?
6. We did a lot of market..........before we designed the new product.
7. Investors are interested in a ...........company that shows initiative and
develops new products.
8. Generally speaking, a good manager ............ a smooth production process.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

V. These are confused pairs of words. Choose the correct alternative for
each sentence.

I. a) SELL / b) SALE
1. The building company gets 15% commission on each house........ .
2. I don't think dealers........ these cars at much of a profit.

II. a) DONATE / b) SPEND


1. An anonymous businessmen.......... one million dollars to the charity.
2. Understanding how to ....... money wisely for the development of your
business is vital to the success of your company.

III. a) WORK / b) JOB


1. My....... is too stressful so I'm looking for another one.
2. I have a lot of........ to do tomorrow.

IV. a) CUSTOMER / b) CLIENT


1. Working at the mall was really difficult because I had to deal with
rude...... .
2. When he started his job selling insurance, it was difficult to find....

I II III IV
1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2

VI.

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Match (1-8) with (a-h) to make sentences.

1. High-tech companies are really


a) identifies you goals.
prospering and there are lots of jobs
b) to resign.
2. We're trying to think of a new slogan
for our business, c) if he got the job or not.

3. The Company was losing lots of d) but hasn't found a job yet.
money so the CEO was forced
e) available in the industry these days.
4. A good business plan defines your
business and f) so if anyone has any suggestions,
5. He went for a job interview last please let me know.
Tuesday, and still doesn't know
g) to secure a stable and competitive
6. The company is opening new future.
branches in a number of cities
throughout the country, h) and is obviously prospering.
7. He sent his resume to a number of
different companies,
8. Companies must invest in both
technology and human resources if they
hope

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

VII. Complete each sentence with a verb in the correct form, - ing or to...

1. Don't forget .......a letter with your CV.


a) including b) to include
2. After hours of negotiating, we managed ........an agreement.
a) to reach b) reaching
3. I don't mind .........on Saturdays if I can have a day off during the week.

a) to work b) working

4. Did the company promise.......you a permanent contract?


10
a) giving b) to give
5. We determined .......... the project by the end of the next year.
a) finishing b) to finish
6. Don't accept anything - you must go on ........for your ideal job.
a) looking b) to look

1 2 3 4 5 6

VIII. Choose the correct option a-c to complete the sentences.

1. It was a relief to find documents I.......for all afternoon.


a) was looking b) have been looking c) had been looking

2. I ........your proposal, and I'm quite impressed.


a) reviewed b) review c) have reviewed

3. By the end of the month I .........this project.


a) will finish b) will have finished c) finish

4. I ........the approval of three committee members before Bob signed off on


the project.
a) had already gotten b) did already get c) have already gotten

5. ......... experiences in that field before you started to work for us?
a) Did you gain b) Had you gained c) Have you gained

6. He.........five letters to the manager by the time he finally received an


answer.
a) has written b) wrote c) had written

1 2 3 4 5 6

IX. Rewrite the sentences in the passive.

1. They didn’t sign the contract.


The contract........
11
a) was not signed b) didn't sign

2. The new manager has made some changes.


Some changes........... by the new manager.
a) have made b) have been made

3. The employees are improving the situation.


The situation......... by the employees.
a) is being improving b) is improved

4. We hold a group meeting every other Friday.


A group meeting........ every other Friday.
a) holds b) is held

5. You can find the order form on the last page of the catalogue.
The order form....... on the last page of the catalogue.
a) can be found b) can found

1 2 3 4 5

X. Underline the correct form to make conditional sentences.

1. I wouldn't like it very much if they would give / gave the job to Mark.
2. If you will want / want your boss to raise your salary, you will have to work
hard.
3. If you spoke to your boss, I'm sure he would understand / will understand.

12
Variant № 2

I. Read and translate the text. Write down your translation of the second
paragraph.

The Millennium Development Goals

1. In an interrelated global society, governments must take on new roles in


creating and sustaining viable economies, reducing poverty, and raising standards
of living. These roles and functions can all contribute to achieving the equitable,
sustainable, and participative economic and social development reflected in the
United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals and in other international
declarations of human aspirations. The United Nations Millennium Declaration
calls for states and international organizations to promote freedom, equality,
solidarity, tolerance, respect for nature, and shared responsibility in working
towards these goals.
2. Although governments have a crucial role in achieving sustainable human
development and reducing poverty, they cannot achieve these goals alone.
Effective governance in a global society implies cooperation or partnerships in
which national governments work collaboratively with lower levels of public
administration, the private sector, organizations of civil society, other states, and
international organizations through democratic, transparent, and participative
processes.
3. In the 21st century, there are important roles through which governments can
contribute to achieving sustainable economic and social development. The most
crucial of these roles is developing institutional capacity because this creates the
context and the foundation for all of the others. Without strong institutions neither
government nor the private sector can stimulate economic growth or social
progress. A second important role is enacting and implementing policies that create
an enabling environment for effective participation in a globalizing economy.

II. Answer the questions:

1. Where are the new roles of the government reflected in?


2. What is effective governance in a global society?
3. What are important roles through which governments can contribute to
achieving sustainable economic and social development?

13
III. Match the words with the definitions.

1. market leader a) one part of a large organization, such


as a company or university, that deals
with a particular area of work, business,
study, etc.

2. rule b) to work or cause something to work,


be in action, or have an effect

3. department c) an accepted principle or instruction


that states the way things are or should
be done, and tells you what you are
allowed or are not allowed to do

4. operate d) the way in which a business,


government, or other organization
carefully plans its actions over a period
of time to improve its position and
achieve what it wants

5. campaign e) the activity or job of being in charge of


a company, organization, department, or
team of employees

6. strategy f) the careful examination of a crime,


problem, statement, etc., especially to
discover the truth

7. management g) the company that sells most of a


product or service in a particular market

8. investigation h) a planned series of activities that are


intended to achieve a particular aim

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

14
IV. Complete each sentence with a word from the box.

a) state b) services c) shops d) local e)investment


f) officials g) cuts h) inflation i) enquiry

1. Many local ........will be forced to close if the new supermarket is built.


2. Senior government.........will be attending a meeting tomorrow.
3. Theatre companies are very concerned about ........in government grants to
the arts.
4. A government ...........has been launched.
5. Most governments aim to have steady economic growth, to control........and
to avoid recessions.
6. .............in technology can make industry more efficient.
7. What this .........needs is really strong government.
8. Councils can no longer fund all the........for which they are responsible.
9. This is a hugely serious problem at the ......... level, and we need to do
something about it.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

V. These are confused pairs of words. Choose the correct alternative for
each sentence.

I. a) COMMON / b) MUTUAL
1. The firm agreed that increasing client satisfaction was our ........goal.
2. It was in the parties' .........interest to reach an agreement quickly.

II. a) LESS / b) FEWER


1. There were........hours logged than the company expected.
2. The amount of gasoline was.......than we had budgeted for.

III. a) PRINCIPLE / b) PRINCIPAL


1. The .......reason we didn't pursue it was the cost.
15
2. We didn't want to continue the case, mostly because of..........

IV. a) AFFECT / b) EFFECT


1. The cost will.......the final contract.
2. We know that the.......of the merger will create problems

I II III IV
1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2

VI. Match (1-8) with (a-h) to make sentences.

1. His resume looks really good a) identifies you goals.

2. We're trying to think of a new b) to resign.


slogan for our business, c) lots of experience.
3. There were over 10 people d) but they haven't hired anyone yet.
interviewed for the job,
e) the ambition to work hard.
4. A good business plan defines your
business and
f) so if anyone has any suggestions,
5. This woman has an excellent resume, please let me know.
with a good education and

6. The company is opening new g) but he wasn't very impressive in the


branches in a number of cities interview.
throughout the country,
h) and is obviously prospering.
7. The Company was losing lots of
money so the CEO was forced

8. He will never amount to anything in


life because he lacks

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

16
VII. Complete each sentence with a verb in the correct form, - ing or to...

1. After hours of negotiating, we managed ........an agreement.


a) reaching b) to reach
2. When I was younger, I didn’t like ......... presentations, but now I don’t
mind public speaking.
a) giving b) to give
3. He isn't very good at .......in a team.
a) working b) to work
4. I have decided ........from my work.
a) resigning b) to resign
5. They must increase the salary ....... the right applicants.
a) to attract b) attracting
6. We should finish......... the software before giving it to users.
a) to test b) testing

1 2 3 4 5 6

VIII. Choose the correct option a-c to complete the sentences.

1. When I went to see Ms Winter, her secretary told me that she .........on the
phone for two hours.
a) spoke b) had been speaking c) had spoken

2. By the end of the month I .........this project.


a) will finish b) will have finished c) finish

3. The manager.....our branch office three times so far this year.


a) visited b) has visited c) visits

4. He......... for this company for the years.


a) has been working b) worked c) was working

5. I ....... as a freelance consultant for two years.


a) have been working b) was working c) work
17
6. The number of employees cycling to work.........
a) increased b) have increased c) has increased

1 2 3 4 5 6

IX. Rewrite the sentences in the passive.

1. We arranged a meeting.
A meeting......... by us.
a) was arranged b) is arranged

2. You have made a mistake.


A mistake.........
a) has been made b) was made

3. We hold a group meeting every other Friday.


A group meeting........ every other Friday.
a) holds b) is held

4. I confirm the reservation.


The reservation is confirmed.
a) is confirmed b) confirmed

5. She didn't sign the contract.


The contract......... by her.
a) isn't signed b) wasn't signed

1 2 3 4 5

X. Underline the correct form to make conditional sentences.

1. The boss will be very disappointed if you won't be / aren’t at the meeting
tomorrow.
2. If you will modify / modify your CV, your chances of getting a job will be
better.
3. If you spoke to your boss, I'm sure he would understand / will understand.

18
Variant № 3

I. Read and translate the text. Write down your translation of the first
paragraph.

What is Good Governance?

1. In order to achieve socially equitable economic growth, especially in the


poorest developing countries, the government must focus on pro-poor policies that
combat poverty and enhance the people to participate more effectively in
productive activities. Government has a crucial role in strengthening the capacity
of public administration to promote socially equitable economic growth, enable
participation in the global economy and combat poverty.
2. The United Nations has taken a leading role in re-conceptualizing
governance. In the UN’s paradigm, governance is defined as “the exercise of
political, economic and administrative authority to manage a nation’s affairs. It is
the complex mechanisms, processes, relationships and institutions through which
citizens and groups exercise their rights and obligations and mediate their
differences.” In this framework, the State is only one of the institutions through
which authority is exercised. The private sector and civil society organizations play
important roles in helping citizens articulate their interests and exercise their rights.
3. As the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has defined
good governance, its characteristics include widespread participation by all
citizens, transparency in the actions of governance institutions, responsiveness to
the needs and desires of citizens, effectiveness and efficiency in the use of public
resources and the exercise of strategic vision in planning for development.
Underlying the United Nations’ conception of good governance is the need for
governments to reinvent themselves in order to conform to the basic characteristics
of good governance and to enhance their capacity to work effectively with other
governance institutions in the private sector and civil society organization.

II. Answer the questions:

1. What must governments focus on to achieve socially equitable economic


growth, especially in the poorest developing countries?
2. How is governance defined in the UN’s paradigm?
3. What do good governance characteristics include?

19
III. Match the words with the definitions.

1. state a) a place where you can buy goods or services

2. service b) a reduction in the amount or level of


something

3. shop c) a country with its own government

4. local d) a general, continuous increase in prices


5. investment e) a system or organization that provides
something important that the public needs

6. official f) a question or request for information about


someone or something

7. cut g) relating to a position of responsibility

8. inflation h) the act of putting money, effort, time, etc.


into something to make a profit

9. enquiry i) from or connected with a particular area

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

IV. Complete each sentence with a word from the box.

a) market leader b) rules c) department d) operating


e) campaign f) strategy g) management h) investigation

1. In formal situations it’s a good idea to follow standard.......... when making


new contacts.
2. We need to decide soon what marketing........ we should pursue for these
new products.
3. A company that has the biggest sales or the best-selling product in the
market is the...........
20
4. As a result of our........, two members of staff have now left the organization.
5. A manager is a person who coordinates and supervises the activities of
........ employees.
6. A .......... is a part of company where people do a particular kind of work.
7. One recent advertising ……. lasted for over a year.
8. A strong .......... is the basis of any successful company.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

V. These are confused pairs of words. Choose the correct alternative for each
sentence.

I. a) ECONOMIC / b) ECONOMICAL
1. Prices are rising and the number of jobs is falling. It's not just a business
problem, it's a general …………problem.
2. This car uses less petrol than the other one so this one is the more....... .

II. a) PRODUCTION / b) PRODUCTIVITY


1. We will increase pay if the employees raise their …………
2. If we don't get another order soon, we'll have to cut ………… and
maybe close a factory.

III. a) SALARY / b) WAGE


1. We pay a monthly………..by cheque to our white collar staff.
2. We pay a weekly………..in cash to our part-time blue-collar staff.

IV. a) EMPLOYERS / b) EMPLOYEES


1. ………… are people who are employed by companies.
2. ………… are people who give jobs to others.

I II III IV
1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2

21
VI. Match ( 1-8) with ( a-h) to make sentences.

1. Employee recruiting means finding a) on a launch time.


applicants
b) the results are now beginning to pay
2. If you want to know what people
off.
think about a product, you do
3. When a company has a new product, c) HR managers could use in interviews.
it has to decide
d) with no experience.
4. Employees are demanding greater
involvement in e) decision-making.
5. We have invested heavily in f) employers rate this qualification
recruiting and retention and highly.

6. We have developed a checklist of g) for the employer's open positions.


questions that
h) some market research.
7. I work in HR and see a lot of job
applications from people

8. I know from having worked in HR for


many years that

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

VII. Complete each sentence with a verb in the correct form, - ing or to...

1. I don't mind........ my coworkers with their assignments.


a) helping b) to help
2. Did the company promise........you a permanent contract?
a) giving b) to give
3. Could you keep ........on the report while I make some phone calls?
a) to work b) working
4. After hours of negotiating, we managed ........an agreement.
a) to reach b) reaching
5. I can’t imagine......... a different career.
22
a) to have b) having
6. We suggest........the manufacturer directly.
a) contacting b) to work

1 2 3 4 5 6

VIII. Choose the correct option a-c to complete the sentences.

1. He was dismissed even though, in his opinion, he ......anything wrong.

a) had done b) hadn't done c) hasn't done

2. The manager ......our branch office three times so far this year.
a) visited b) has visited c) had visited

3. He........ any experience in marketing.


a) has had b) hasn't had c) didn't have

4. The two corporate CEOs were very excited because they........ a big
business plan.
a) had been negotiating b) had negotiated c) have been negotiating

5. We are happy to inform you that we........ a new branch in Australia.


a) established b) have established c) had established

6. We spoke about the conference that........the week before.


a) had taken place b) has taken place c) took place

1 2 3 4 5 6

IX. Rewrite the sentences in the passive.

1. The secretary is writing the letter.


The letter........ by the secretary.
a) is written b) is being written

23
2. They were interviewing her for the job.
She........... for the job.
а) was being interviewed b) was interviewed

3. When I arrived at the office the secretary had already sent the letter.
When I arrived at the office the letter........
a) had already sent b) had been already sent

4. The management will discuss the problem next week.


The problem....... by the management next week.
a) will be discussed b) will be discussing

5. The employees are improving the situation.


The situation......... by the employees.
a) is improving b) is being improved

1 2 3 4 5

X. Underline the correct form to make conditional sentences.


1. If you want your boss to raise your salary, you will have to / have to
work harder.
2. If she spoke better English, she would apply / will apply for a job abroad.
3. If I will find /find that letter, I’ll show it to you.

24
Variant № 4

I. Read and translate the text. Write down your translation of the first
paragraph.

Where do Innovations in Government Come from?

1. If governments must reinvent themselves in order to satisfy citizens’


demands and meet the challenges of globalization through innovation, what do
these concepts mean and how are they applied in public administration?
Innovations introduce new ideas or ways of doing things that strongly depart from
convention or that require new or unfamiliar forms of behavior and interaction.
Few innovations in government are pure invention; they are more often discoveries
combining ideas that have been tried elsewhere, recast to meet new circumstances.
Changes bringing about higher quality services or improvements in government
agency performance are one form of innovation.
2. Where do innovations in government come from? Most often,
innovations are motivated by dissatisfaction with existing conditions or
conventions. They are sometimes demanded by groups outside of government –
special interest groups, political parties, organized groups of citizens, or
international organizations. Often, innovations result from performance gaps – that
is, from disjunctions between public expectations and institutional performance.
The recognition that conventional policies or programmes are no longer achieving
their objectives can inspire innovative changes.
3. Other innovations are advocated by political or non-governmental
leaders with “strategic notions.” Strategic notions are strongly held beliefs by
influential people about how situations can be improved through drastic changes in
policy. Innovations sometimes emerge from the strategic vision of political leaders
and set a whole new direction and agenda for government. Changes in external
economic, political, social, or technological conditions often generate ideas that
become innovations. Crises, emergencies or threats to the survival of a government
or other important social or economic institution sometimes force leaders to seek
new ways of dealing with problems or opportunities.

II. Answer the questions:

1. What do innovations introduce?


2. What do innovations result from?

25
3. What makes political leaders seek new ways of dealing with problems or
opportunities?
III. Match the words with the definitions.

1. research a) the amount of money for which


something is sold or offered for sale

2. campaign b) to make someone eager to do something

3. employee c) having a lot of ideas, energy, and


enthusiasm

4. price d) to make something certain to happen


5. dynamic e) someone who is paid to work for someone
else

6. structure f) a planned series of activities that are


intended to achieve a particular aim
7. to motivate g) a detailed study of a subject, especially in
order to discover new information or
understand the subject better

8. to ensure h) the way in which the parts of a system are


arranged or organized into a whole

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

IV. Complete each sentence with a word from the box.

a) research b) campaign c) structure d) price e) brands


f) to motivate g) dynamic h) employees i) ensures

1. They have lowered the.........of the product because the average customer
can't afford it.
2. Companies usually have a ……with senior managers at the top and
employees at the bottom.
3. Their new manager really knows how .........staff.
26
4. If you want to know what people think about a product, you do some
market……
5. One recent advertising ……. lasted for over a year.
6. Our ……. are the best trained in the country.
7. Investors are interested in a ...........company that shows initiative and
development.
8. Generally speaking, a good manager ............ a smooth production
process.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

V. These are confused pairs of words. Choose the correct alternative for each
sentence.

I. a) ADVERTISING / b) ADVERTISEMENT
1. Our ………… budget is 10% less than last year.
2. Did you see the big ……… for a new Managing Director for Acme in
this morning's newspapers?

II. a) LINE / b) STAFF


1. A………… manager works directly on the production of goods.
2. A………… manager gives service support to the managers in production.

III. a) PERSONNEL / b) PERSONAL


1. Many of her .......belongings had been stolen.
2. Smith’s company has a ………… problem: their employees want a 20%
pay increase.

IV. a) RAISING / b) RISING


1. Prices are…….at a rate of about 4% per year.
2. The company is ……its prices by 5% this year.

I II III IV
1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2

27
VI. Match (1-8) with ( a-h) to make sentences.

1. The company president has mapped a) getting a promotion?


out a strategy for b) to resign.
2. We're trying to think of a new slogan c) by her manager.
for our business,

3. Employees worry that saying 'no' to d) advancement and promotion.


the boss decreases their chances of

4. Does working longer hours increase e) than a candidate for promotion.


your chances of

5. She was recommended for f) so if anyone has any suggestions,


please let me know.
promotion

6. The company is opening new g) sustainable growth in the 21st


branches in a number of cities century.
throughout the country,
h) and is obviously prospering.
7. The Company was losing lots of
money so the CEO was forced

8. He was seen by management as a


troublemaker rather

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

VII. Complete each sentence with a verb in the correct form, - ing or to...

1. Did the company promise........you a permanent contract?


a) to give b) giving
2. I am good at ......... with colleagues.
a) to communicate b) communicating
28
3. He isn't very good at .......in a team.
a) working b) to work

4. After hours of negotiating, we managed........an agreement.


a) to reach b) reaching
5. We find it easy .......new employees.
a) training b) to train
6 Did the company promise .......you a permanent job?
a) to give b) giving

1 2 3 4 5 6

VIII. Choose the correct option a-c to complete the sentences.

1. I ..........hard, so I felt very tired.


a) had worked b) have worked c) had been working

2. He.........five letters to the manager by the time he finally received an answer.


a) has written b) wrote c) had written

3. I........ twenty emails so far today.


a) wrote b) have written c) had written

4. The company is huge. It........ a thousand new jobs since the beginning of last
year.
a) created b) has created c) had created

5. The number of employees cycling to work.........


a) increased b) have increased c) has increased

6. Mark........at a company for seven years before he started his own business.
a) was working b) has been working c) had been working

1 2 3 4 5 6

29
IX. Rewrite the sentences in the passive.

1. We arranged a meeting.
A meeting......... by us.
a) is arranged b) was arranged

2. Our boss will sign the contract.


The contract......... by our boss.
a) will sign b) will be signed

3. The employees brought up this issue during the meeting.


This issue......... by the employees during the meeting.
a) is brought up b) was brought up

4. The new manager has made some changes.


Some changes......... by the new manager.
a) were made b) have been made

5. When I came, they were signing the contract.


When I came, the contract.........
a) was being signed b) was signed

1 2 3 4 5

X. Underline the correct form to make conditional sentences.

1. If I had/ have more time, I would do a course in business English.


2. If we had more employees, we would work / will work more efficiently.
3. If you spoke to your boss, I'm sure he would understand / will understand.

30
Variant № 5

I. Read and translate the text. Write down your translation of the second
paragraph.

Government in the USA

1. Government in the United States includes not only the federal government
in Washington, D.C., but also the governments of the 50 American states and the
30,000 governments in cities and other local communities (to say nothing of the
governments of the 3,043 counties and nearly 50,000 school and other special
districts). Given this vast number of governments—over 87,000 in total—it is not
surprising that they are characterized more by their differences than by their
similarities.
2. Under the U. S. Constitution, the states are free to write their own
constitutions. In recent years, the states have used this constitutional authority to
modernize their legislative, executive and judicial institutions. The modernization
has brought about changes not only in the way in which public services are
delivered, but in the very ways that these governments operate. They have become
much more representative of the communities they serve, more transparent in their
deliberations, more responsive to their constituencies and more accessible to
ordinary citizens.
3. For example, most state and local governments operate under “sunshine
laws,” which require that meetings of public officials be open to the press and the
public. Many governments also operate under “sunset laws,” which means that
once a law or regulation expires, public meetings must be held before the law or
regulation is renewed. Most states have enacted laws regulating campaign finance,
requiring candidates to report the amount and source of their campaign
contributions. In some states, these reports are available on-line and can be
accessed by the press and by ordinary citizens. Arizona goes so far as to allow its
citizens to vote in primary elections via their computers. “E-government,” as it is
called, is just beginning, and the states and their communities are at the forefront in
enabling their citizens’ access to it.

II. Answer the questions:

1. What is the number of governments in total in the USA?


2. What are “sunshine laws”?
3. What kind of laws have most states enacted?
31
III. Match the words with the definitions.

1. dynamic a) a fixed amount of money that you pay


regularly for the use of a room, house

2. to ensure b) a person, team, or company that is


competing against others

3. rent c) work that you are paid to do for a particular


company or organization

4. skill d) having a lot of ideas, energy, and


enthusiasm

5. competitor e) to say what you expect to happen in the


future

6 . employment f) the process of transporting products from a


manufacturer, storing them, and selling
them to different stores and customers

7. forecast g) to make something certain to happen

8 . distribution h) an ability to do an activity or job well,


especially because you have practiced it

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

IV. Complete each sentence with a word from the box.

a) dynamic b) promotion c) forecast d) distribution


e) ensures f) skills g) competitors h) employment

1. Our ......... system needs to be improved if we are to meet increased demand.


2. He has natural leadership .........., so he will surely be successful.
3. Now, employees regularly change companies perhaps because they want
…… and a higher salary.
4. ……agencies supply companies with different types of workers.
32
5. We look at what our ……. do, then we do it better.
6. We altered our final ......... of yearly profits due to more accurate advertising
and marketing costs.
7. Investors are interested in a ...........company that shows initiative and
develops new products.
8. Generally speaking, a good manager ............ a smooth production process.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

V. These are confused pairs of words. Choose the correct alternative for
each sentence.

I. a) EXPENSES / b) EXPENDITURE
1. We have to reduce our general …………: we must cut costs
wherever we can.
2. Zangief must cut his travel, accommodation and entertainment
……… : he’ll have to stay in cheaper hotels and take his clients to
cheaper restaurants.
II. a) CUSTOMERS / b) CLIENTS
1. Supermarkets use a variety of tactics to attract and retain ……..
2. She advises ……. on their investments.
III. a) COST / b) PRICE
1. The…….of rebuilding the theatre will be 13 million pounds.
2. What’s the …….........of this watch?
IV. a) MERGER / b) TAKEOVER
1. The ……. .......will create the biggest television company in the country.
2. Their …….... targets will be bigger and in more sensitive sectors.

I II III IV
1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2

33
VI. Match ( 1-8) with ( a-h) to make sentences.

1. My function is to help coordinate a) basic conversational skills.


efficient communication b) affects his employees.
2. Studies show that if a working c) two members of staff have now left
environment is pleasant, the organization.
3. He seems to lack d) a new subsidiary in France.
4.We use only educated people e) productivity increases.
5. A manager must understand how his f) between the departments.
decision
g) politely and efficiently.
6. As a result of our investigations,
h) to work for our company.
7. Our manager thinks that we should
open

8. We answer all our customers' calls

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

VII. Complete each sentence with a verb in the correct form, - ing or to...

1. Tom agreed ....... me with the work.


a) to help b) helping
2. We determined .......... the project by the end of the next year.
a) finishing b) to finish
3. He managed ........the job on time.
a) finishing b) to finish
4. I think it's worth ...... that we did most of the work.
a) mentioning b) to mention
5. I really enjoy .......new skills.
a) to learn b) learning
6. They guarantee .........the work before 5 o'clock.
a) to finish b) finishing

34
1 2 3 4 5 6

VIII. Choose the correct option a-c to complete the sentences.

1. The company representatives.......... a contract for 2 hours.


a) have been negotiated b) have been negotiating c) have negotiated

2. The manager ......our branch office three times so far this year.
a) visited b) has visited c) had visited

3. My boss was in a very good mood today because he ........a better price for
some components.
a) negotiated b) had negotiated c) has negotiated

4. I ........the approval of three committee members before Bob signed off on the
project.
a) had already gotten b) did already get c) have already gotten

5. I ........... the report when my boss asked for it.


a) didn't finished b) hadn't finished c) haven't finished

6. After the meeting I thanked Misses Last, who......... everything.


a) managed b) has managed c) had managed

1 2 3 4 5 6

IX. Rewrite the sentences in the passive.

1. I confirm the reservation.


The reservation......... by me.
a) is confirmed b) confirms

2. You can cancel the contract within five business days.


The contract......... within five business days.
a) can cancelled b) can be cancelled

3. The president gave John an award.


John....... an award by the president.
a) was given b) is given

35
4. The employees are improving the situation.
The situation .........by the employees.
a) is improving b) is being improved

5. The committee will not announce the decision until next week.
The decision......... by the committee until next week.
a) will not be announced b) will not announce

1 2 3 4 5

X. Underline the correct form to make conditional sentences.

1. If the employees of a company are/were happy, they work harder.


2. If I didn't think he was the best person for the job I wouldn't employ / won't
employ him.
3. If I will find / find that letter, I’ll show it to you.

36