Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 3

How to configure OSPF in the Cisco IOS

by David Davis, vExpert, VCP, CCIE 9369 - January 8, 2009


Printer Friendly Version
Recomendar 840 personas recomiendan esto. Sé el primero de tus amigos.

The OSPF dynamic routing protocol is probably the most popular LAN routing protocol today. OSPF can scale to the largest
LANs but can also start out small. While OSPF can be complex to configure, its basic configuration isn't difficult. Let's
learn how to configure OSPF in the Cisco IOS.

What do you need to know about OSPF?


Before you configure OSPF, there are three things you should know about it first. Here they are:

1. OSPF stands for open shortest path first. It also uses the SPF (shortest path first) algorithm to determine the best
route to its neighbors.
2. OSPF is a standard routing protocol, as defined by RFC2328 and RFC1247. This means that OSPF can run on just
about any company's' routers and OSPF routes from a non-Cisco router can be exchanged with Cisco routers.
3. The administrative distance for OSPF is 110.
4. The entire network that OSPF routes for is called an "Autonomous System", or "AS".
5. All OSPF routing updates must traverse area 0. Because of this, you should carefully design your network before
you begin deploying OSPF.

With OSPF, every router has its own unique "picture" (topology map) of the network. Routers use "HELLO" packets to
periodically check with routers to ensure they are still there. Every router in OSPF is identified with a "router ID". The router
ID can be manually entered or OSPF will automatically choose the IP address with the highest number.

What features does OSPF offer?


OSPF offers the following features, that are found in a number of routing protocols:

A standards-based routing protocol that works is very interoperable between different vendors routers and firewalls
Supports variable length subnet masks (VLSM), making it a classless routing protocols
Authentication of routing updates are supported
Route redistribution is supported between different routing protocols
OSPF works well in point to point and point to multipoint, broadcast or non-broadcast configurations
OSPF also offers a number of OSPF-specific features such as stub areas, virtual links, and OSPF on demand
circuits.

How do you configure OSPF in the Cisco IOS?


To configure OSPF in the Cisco IOS, just follow these steps:

Set the bandwidth on your interfaces using the bandwidth command Router (config-if)# bandwidth XX (where XX signifies
the bandwidth of the WAN connection)

Automatic Optimization
Using COPS to Manage network and achieve
Using COPS to Manage network and achieve
upto 60% OPEX savings
www.celcite.com

I passed the CCIE R&S Lab


on my first attempt! Steve Clarkin - CCIE
#25821
www.INE.com/CCIE

Cisco Network Equipment


New or Used. Warranty. Big Savings Routers
Switches Firewalls Wireless
NetworkEquipment.net

Start the OSPF routing process and specify your process number. The process number is an arbitrary number. It is
recommended that the number match on all routers but it is not required. The process ID number does not have to be the
AS number, although many people confuse that it is.

Router (config)# router ospf {process-ID#}

Next, instruct the router to advertise the networks that are directly linked to it by entering network statments with the area
ID number for that network, like this:

Router (config-router)# network {X.X.X.X} {Y.Y.Y.Y} area {z}

In this example, the X.X.X.X is the network id of a network that is linked directly to the router. The Y.Y.Y.Y is the wildcard
mask for that network. The wildcard mask is the inverse mask of the subnet mask. The "z" parameter is the area id
number. For small networks, this can always be zero (0) but for larger networks, the area IDs need to be properly planned
as all routing updates must traverse area 0.

You should enter a network statement for every network directly attached to the router.

Once OSPF is configured, you can check the status using the show ip route and show ip ospf commands.

For more information on configuring OSPF, see the official Cisco OSPF documentation.

Configuration Examples
Here is an example of a router configured with the OSPF routing protocol:

Interface Gigabit Ethernet 0/0 ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0

Interface Serial 3/0 ip address 10.2.1.1 255.255.255.0

router(config)# router ospf 1 router(config-router)# network 10.1.1.1 0.0.0.255 area 0 router(config-router)# network
10.2.1.1 0.0.0.255 area 0

In Summary
OSPF is the most popular Interior Routing Protocol (IGP) in use today. For that reason alone, it is a dynamic routing
protocol that you should be familiar with. I encourage you to spend some time configuring a basic OSPF network to get
experience with OSPF. If you have questions about configuring OSPF, please post your question or comment in our Cisco
Router discussion forums.

To learn more about Cisco networking, consider the Train Signal CCNA Video Training package!

Related Articles

How to configure IPSEC encryption with the Cisco IOS (site to site VPN tunneling)
How to configure EIGRP on your Cisco router
How to Configure Local Username Database in Cisco IOS
How to use a Distribute-List to Filter out Routing Updates in the Cisco IOS

AWS Privacy Policy | Site Info | Contact | Advertise ©2011 Blue Whale Web Inc. |