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Возвратные местоимения 

используются, когда действие направлено на


предмет или лицо, которое его производит, то есть действие буквально
возвращается – отсюда и название «возвратное местоимение».

В русском языке возвратность показывается с помощью:

 Таких местоимений, как «сам себя», «сами себе» и др.,


 Глаголов с возвратным суффиксом -ся, -сь: одеваться, бриться,
подниматься, сломалось, открылось.

В английском языке для этого используются возвратные местоимения, они


образуются от местоимений my, you, him, her, it, them, our с помощью
суффиксов -self, -selves.
Возвратные местоимения в единственном числе

Личное Возвратное местоимение


местоимение

I–я Myself – я сам, я себя

You – ты Yourself – ты сам, ты сам себя

He – он Himself – он сам, он сам себя

She – она Herself – она сама, она сама себя

It – оно Itself – оно себя, оно само себя


Возвратные местоимения во множественном числе
Личное Возвратное местоимение
местоимение

You – вы Yourselves – вы сами, вы сами себя

They – они Themselves – они сами, они сами себя

We – мы Ourselves – мы сами, мы сами себя

Когда употребляются возвратные местоимения в


английском языке
Возвратные местоимения употребляются в следующих случаях:
 Действие производится по отношению к самому себе (основной
случай)

Основной случай – показать возвратность, направленность действия на


предмет или лицо, которое его произвело.
Let me introduce myself. – Позвольте представиться (представить себя).
Don’t hurt yourself. – Не поранься (не порань себя).
That’s how the call themselves. – Вот, как они сами себя называют.
Обратите внимание, что иногда встречается несоответствие: в русском языке
глагол используется с возвратным суффиксом -ся, -сь или местоимением
“себя”, а его английский аналог используется без возвратного местоимения:
Дверь закрылась. – The door closed (а не “closed itself”)
Мальчик спрятался. – The boy hid (а не «hid himself”)
Мне нужно побриться. – I need to shave (а не «shave myself”)
Я чувствую себя хорошо. – I’m feeling good (а не “feeling myself”)

 После предлога by в выражениях типа «by myself»

Эти выражения значат «сам», «своими силами».


He built his house by himself. – Он построил свой дом сам.
I learn English by myself. – Я учу английским сам.
Часто вместо «by himself», «by herself» и т. д. используют выражение «on my
(her, his и т. д.) own» – «сам, своими силами»:
He built his house on his own. – Он построил свой дом сам.
I learn English on my own. – Я учу английским сам.
Значение от этого не меняется.

 Для того чтобы подчеркнуть, что действие выполняется


самостоятельно

В этом случае возвратное местоимение идет после лица или предмета, о


котором идет речь.
She herself has planned the wedding. – Она самаспланировала свадьбу.
The film itself wasn’t interesting, but he really liked the actress. –
Фильм сам по себе не был интересным, но ему очень понравилась актриса.

 В ряде устойчивых выражений

К ним относятся:

 Enjoy yourself – хорошо проводить время

Just relax and enjoy yourself. – Просто расслабься и наслаждайся.


 Behave yourself – хорошо себя вести

Will you behave yourself? – Ты будешь себя хорошо вести?


Behave yourself! – Веди себя хорошо!

 Help yourself – угощаться

Help yourself! – Угощайтесь!


He helped himself to the turkey. – Он угостился индейкой.

 Find yourself – очутиться, оказаться

When he woke up, he found himself in the street. – Когда он проснулся,


оказалось, что он на улице.
I found myself in a strange place. – Я очутился в странном месте.

 Take care of yourself – заботиться о себе

She is not a child, she can take care of herself. – Она не ребенок, она может о
себе позаботиться.

Practice
1.Complete the sentences with reflexive pronouns.
1. I am angry with __________.
2. He fell down and hurt __________.
3. Tell me more about __________.
4. She believes in __________.
5. We are sure of __________.
6. They did everything __________.
7. Did you translate the text __________.
8. I saw everything __________.
9. The knife was sharp, and she cut __________.
10. They introduced __________.

2. Complete the sentences with reflexive pronouns.

1. Can you do many things _________?


2. Does your friend Nick often talk to you about _________?
3. Did your mother buy anything for _________ last week?
4. Are you always sure of _________?
5. Can a little child take care of _________?
6. Do you believe in _________?
7. Did the pupils answer all the questions _________?
8. Did you make the dress ______________ .

3. There are mistakes in the use of reflexive pronouns in some of these sentences. Find
the mistakes and correct them.

1. My sister taught himself to swim.


2. Anna repaired the chair herself.
3. The children are making themselves something to eat.
4. I hurt me when I fell down the stairs.
5. We're meeting ourselves at 8.00 this evening.
6. We're enjoying ourselves very much.

4.  Answer the questions. Say that the people have done these things themselves.

Example: Who bought that book for him? He bought it himself

1. who cooked your breakfast this morning?


2. who helped them to translate the text?
3. who helped the little girl to dress?
4. who helped you to find the way?
5. who cleaned your classroom?
6. who washes your clothes?
7. who broke his tape-recorder?
8. who built their house?
9. who helped her to do maths?
10. who planted the garden in front of your house?

5. Complete the utterances using the word combination enjoy oneself (oneselves).

1. My brother usually spends his holidays in holiday camps, and he always


____________.
2. We ____________ in the country last weekend.
3. I'm ____________
4. We were at a concert yesterday. — ____________ you ____________?
5. The Parkers went on a picnic on Sunday. They say they ____________ very
much.
6. My sister spent her holidays in Spain. She ____________.

6. Complete the sentences using reflexive pronouns myself.

1. You see you've cut ___________ again. Be more careful.


2. I think that poor dog hurt
3. He came into the room and introduced ___________
4. We didn't know where to hide ___________
5. She is very sure of ___________
6. Children, you can't do that ___________
7. They always speak only about ___________
8. We should always believe in ___________
9. Babies cannot look after ___________
10. I tried to control ___________

7. Complete the sentences using reflexive pronouns where needed.

1. All our friends enjoyed ______ at his birthday party.


2. Polly and Nancy, help ______ to sweets and juice.
3. They haven't decided yet where they'd meet
4. She got up, washed ___________ and left the house without disturbing anyone.
5. Relax ______  when you dance.
6. Who went with her?-Nobody. She went by
7. He feels ______  not well today
8. We didn't know who that young guy was. He didn't introduce
9. It's windy, you may catch cold ______
10. «Children, take the towel and dry
11. I often speak to ______  when I'm in bad mood and alone
12. Concentrate ______ if you don't want to fail your exam.
13. Little Polly is only two but she can dress ______
14. I'm not angry with him. I'm angry with ______
15. They never think about other people. They only think about ______
16. Let's hide ______  under that tree. The rain is so heavy
17. Put a sheet of paper before _________ imagine a nice landscape and draw.
18. Don't take him to the party. He'll spoil everything __________.

8.   In these sentences, you have to write-selves or each other.

1. Look at_____________! Your face is dirty


2. How long have Tom and Ann known ______________?
3. At Christmas friends often give ___________ presents.
4. I enjoyed ___________ very much at the party.
5. Jack and Jill are very happy together. They love ___________ very much.
6. She has no reason to blame ___________
7. I think this poor dog has hurt ___________

Answers to Reflexive pronouns exercises.


Exercise 1.

1 myself, 2 himself, 3 yourself, 4 herself, 5 ourselves, 6 themselves, 7 yourself, 8 myself,


9 herself, 10 themselves

Exercise 2.

1 yourself, 2 himself, 3 herself, 4 yourself, 5 himself, 6 yourself, 7 themselves, 8 yourself

Exercise 3.
1 himself -> herself, 2 correct, 3 correct, 4 me -> myself, 5 ourselves не нужно, 6
correct.

Exercise 4.

1. I cooked it myself.
2. They translated it themselves.
3. She dressed herself.
4. I found it myself.
5. We cleaned it ourselves.
6. I washed my clothes myself.
7. He broke it himself.
8. They built it themselves.
9. She did it herself.
10. I planted it myself.

Exercise 5.

enjoys himself, 2 enjoyed ourselves, 3 enjoying myself, 4 Did you enjoy yourseves? /
Were you enjoying yourselves? 5 enjoyed themselves, 6 enjoyed herself.

Exercise 6.

1 yourself, 2 itself, 3 himself, 4 ourselves, 5 herself, 6 yourselves, 7 themselves, 8


ourselves, 9 themselves, 10 myself.

Exercise 7.

1 themselves, 2 yourselves, 3 X, 4 herself, 5 X, 6 herself, 7 X, 8 himself, 9 X, 10


yourselves, 11 myself, 12 X, 13 herself, 14 myself, 15 themselves, 16 X, 17 yourself, 18
X

Exercise 8.

1 yourself, 2 each other, 3 each other, 4 myself, 5 each other, 6 herself, itself.