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Новый системный курс грамматики английского языка.


н

Ш Курс с п е ц и а л ь н о а д а п т и р о в а н д л я р у с с к о я з ы ч н о г о читателя.
Все п р а в и л а а н г л и й с к о й г р а м м а т и к и и з л о ж е н ы о ч е н ь д о с т у п н о
и максимально сжато, В к н и г е м н о г о таблиц, а т а к ж е наглядных,
выразительных иллюстраций, которые помогут вам лучше
запомнить правила грамматики. Для закрепления материала
в "Grammar Revision" м н о г о разнообразных у п р а ж н е н и й
с ответами для самопроверки!

• К а ж д ы й найдет свой " G r a m m a r Revision", поскольку курс


состоит из п я т и к н и г , с о о т в е т с т в у ю щ и х р а з н ы м у р о в н я м
владения английским:
Beginner, Elementary 1f Elementary 2,
Pre-intermediate 1, Pre-lntermediate 2,
Ш Самое г л а в н о е ! К о всем к н и г а м в к а ч е с т в е п р и л о ж е н и я
выпущены аудиокассеты, начитанные носителями языка!
УДК (075)811.111
ББК 81.2Англ-2
П69

Издание публикуется по соглашению с La Spiga languages


по изданию "Grammar Revision. Beginner"
© 2003 La Spiga languages - Milan — Italy

Серийное оформление M. А. Владимирской

Практикум по английской грамматике. Beginner / Русская версия Т. К. Сигал:


П69 Упражнения Gabrielle Hodson-Hirst. - М.: Айрис-пресс, 2005. - 96 е.: ил. -
(Grammar Revision).
ISBN 5-8112-0945-2
Издание представляет собой первую книгу системного курса английской грамматики и соот-
ветствует уровню владения языком "Beginner". Основная цель пособия - быстро приобрести и
прочно закрепить навыки употребления самых необходимых грамматических явлении. Книга со-
ставлена носителем языка, имеет аудиоприложение и, несомненно, станет вашим надежным по-
мощником.
Для учащихся школ, колледжей, лицеев, абитуриентов, слушателей подготовительных кур-
сов, студентов. Наличие ответов к упражнениям позволяет эффективно использовать пособие ши-
рокому кругу лиц, изучающих английский язык самостоятельно.
ББК 81.2AHI.I--
УДК (075)811.111

ISBN 5-8112-0945-2 © Айрис-пресс. 20:5

Учебное издание

ПРАКТИКУМ ПО АНГЛИЙСКОЙ ГРАММАТИКЕ


Beginner
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СОДЕРЖАНИЕ
4
Введение

Unit I Глагол to be • Личные местоимения • Страны •


Национальности ^
Unit II Глагол to be • Краткие ответы • Притяжательные
местоимения ®
14
Unit i l l Вопросительные слова и глагол to be
Unit IV Артикль a/an • Множественное число существительных •
18
Местоположение прилагательных

Unit V Указательные местоимения This/These • That/Those .22


Unit V I Повторение и обобщение (Разделы 1 - 5 ) 27
Unit V I I Время • Д н и недели • Месяцы • Времена года •
31
Даты • Годы (Предлоги времени)
36
Unit V I I I Оборот there is/there are • Предлоги места
Unit IX Выражения с глаголами to be и to have 40
Unit X Глагол to have got • Краткие ответы • • 44
AQ
Unit X I Местоимения some, any, no ••••• ••••
Unit XII Притяжательный падеж существительных •
53
Вопросительное слово Whose
Unit XIII Повторение и обобщение (Разделы 7 - 1 2 ) 57
63
Unit XIV Повелительное наклонение
Unit XV Модальные глаголы can/can't • Краткие ответы 67
Unit X V I Настоящее простое время (утвердительные предложения,
отрицательные предложения) • Наречия времени •
72
Выражения для обозначения времени
Unit XVII Настоящее простое время (вопросительные предложения,
краткие ответы) • Вопросительные слова 77
83
Unit XVIII Настоящее длительное время
Unit XIX Повторение и обобщение (Разделы 1 4 - 1 8 ) 88
Глагол to be • Л и ч н ы е м е с т о и м е н и я • Страны •
Национальности
ТО BE • PERSONAL SUBJECT PRONOUNS • COUNTRIES • NATIONALITIES

9
^CSff ??®:

ЗАПОР

Когда м ы х о т и м сказать п о - а н г л и й с к и , что это или кто это, где или откуда,
к а к о й (какая, какое, какие), то у п о т р е б л я е м глагол t o b e — быть, находить-
ся. Этот глагол в н а с т о я щ е м в р е м е н и и м е е т с л е д у ю щ и е ф о р м ы :

Утвердительные Отрицательные Вопросительные


I am (i'm) I a m not (I'm not) Am I?
You are (You're) You are not (You a r e n ' t / Y o u ' r e not) Are you?
He is (He's) He is not (He isn't / He's not) Is he?
She is (She's) She is not (She isn't / She's not) Is she?
It is (It's) It is not (It i s n ' t / I t ' s not) Is it?
We are (We're) We are not (We a r e n ' t / W e ' r e not) Are we?
You are (You're) You are not (You a r e n ' t / Y o u ' r e not) Are you?
They are (They're) They are not (They aren't / They're not) Are they?

Л и ч н ы е м е с т о и м е н и я в а н г л и й с к о м я з ы к е т а к ж е , как и в р у с с к о м , использу-
ются в м е с т о и м е н и с у щ е с т в и т е л ь н о г о в качестве п о д л е ж а щ е г о . К л и ч н ы м
м е с т о и м е н и я м относятся: I — я; you — ты, he — он; s h e — она] it — для нео-
д у ш е в л е н н ы х п р е д м е т о в ; w e — мы; t h e y — они.

УПРАЖНЕНИЯ

Замените подлежащее подходящим личным кую форму глагола to be. Следуйте приведен-
местоимением, следуя приведенной модели. ной модели.

Mr and Mrs Jones They Carol and Lindsay are American.


Robert He Th ey 're Am eric an.
The cars They My sister and I are students.
We're students.
1. Susanne
Sam is not British.
2. John
He isn't British.
3. Peter and Marie
4. Mr Brown and his family 1. Bill Svkes is an actor.
5. Donald and I
6. The desks 2. Mary and George are not in school today.
7. The dog
8. The school 3. My brother and I are British.
9. Your brother and you
10. Your teacher 4. You and your parents are on holiday.

Перепишите предложения, используя вместо 5. The students are not in the classroom.
подчеркнутых слов подходящие личные мес-
тоимения (/, you, he, she, it, we, they) и крат-

5
6. This exercise is not difficult. b)

7. Mr and Mrs Redford are from London. 3. Lee Sing, Chinese.


a)
8. Angela is not 10 years old.
b)
9. The bikes are new.
4. Enrique and his brother from Madrid.
10. Susan is from Boston. a)

b).
3 Прослушайте аудиозапись и подчеркните те
предложения, которые вы слышите. Следуйте
5. We Irish.
приведенной модели.
a) .
a) He's from Germany.
b) She's from Germany. b)
1. a) They aren't English,
6. The two dogs . in the garden.
b) They are English.
2. a) Tom is in his bedroom. a)
b) Tom isn't in his bedroom.
3. a) Francis is French, b)
b) Is Francis French?
4. a) Mr and Mrs Blandon are Australian, 7. You British.
b) Mr and Mrs Blandon aren't Australian. a) _
5. a) Kurt is from Germany.
b) Kurt isn't from Germany. b)
6. a) Christie and her sister aren't at school today,
b) Christie and her sister are at school today. Boris Russian.
7. a) My sister and I are from Wales, a) _
b) My sister and I aren't from Wales.
8. a) Are we late? b)
b) We are late.
9. a) My computer isn't old.
b) My computer is old. 5 Посмотрите на картинки и закончите предло-
жения, используя подходящие личные место-
10. a) It is six o'clock, имения (/, you, she, it, they) и краткую форму
b) Is it six o'clock? глагола to be.

4 Вставьте в предложения нужную форму глаго-


ла to be так, чтобы получились утвердительные
предложения. Затем напишите эти же предло-
жения в а)отрицательной и б) вопросительной
форме. Следуйте приведенной модели.

Alexandra is Austrian.
a) Alexandra isn't Austrian.
b) Is Alexandra Austrian?

1. Monserrat and her sister Spanish. 1. late.


a) 2. fat.
3.
b) beautiful!
4. an old
2. Pierre from Calais. car.
a) 10.
friendly.
6
6 Расставьте слова в нужном порядке, следуя
country
приведенной модели. Прослушайте аудиоза-
пись и проверьте свои ответы.
names
the Are classroom in they ?
Are they in the classroom ?
is Austrian not Kurt
Kurt is not Austrian.
1. is New from not Marian York country

2. French you Are ? name


?
3. not is school at Joseph

4. Australian Is Carol ?
8 Прослушайте аудиозапись и напишите имена
9
людей рядом с соответствующими картинка-
5. teachers They not are ми:

6. Juan Madrid from is Carol — Kelly — Sue — Sam — Jacques — Pierre —


Lindsay
7. and are Mike late John
9 Напишите предложения о людях, изображен-
ных на картинках, как показано в образце.
8. Are and American Angela Tony?
? 1.
9. a Katy student Is ?
? 2.
10. Jones and in are the Mrs garden Mr
3. Jacques is from Paris, in France.
He's French.
4.
7 Напишите, как называются страны, изобра-
женные на картах:
5.
France — England — Ireland — Canada — Australia
country
1 0 Q Прослушайте аудиозапись и запишите буквы,
которые вы слышите.
name

11 Прослушайте аудиозапись и запишите цифры,


которые вы слышите.

country

names 12 Рассмотрите шифр.

3 — A, 6 = В, 7 = С, 9 = D, 11 = Е,
13 = F, 14 = G, 17 = H, 30-1, 4 = J,
5 = К, 50 = L, 1 = M, 19 = N, 40 = О,
43 = P, 20 = Q, 33 = R, 16 = S, 55 = T,
country
19 = U, 66 = V, 67 = W, 12 = X, 34 = Y,
France 71 — Z
name
Jacques C~) а) Прослушайте аудиозапись и запишите циф-
ры, которые вы слышите.
1. 1 - - I / Greece:
/ / - India:
2- / / / / Japan:
/ - - / ^- - (The) Netherlands:
Norway: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
б) Прочитайте сообщение, используя шифр. Poland:
Spain:
1. !
Sweden:
Switzerland:
(The) United Kingdom:
(The) United States of America:

Рассмотрите буквенную мозаику. Найдите и С G С F P A E E D L S N J U P


выпишите национальность людей, живущих в
перечисленных ниже странах.
A R A G R W D U T С H W A S F
U E N J E E H R R R 0 I I E E
Africa: s E A F R I С A N 0 p F P S I
Australia: T К D С E H H N S В p R D A S
Belgium: R D I F N P I В С E E E R P A
Canada: A Z A E G 0 N и E L s N A A M
China: L E N N L L E J A L E С S N E
Czech Republic: I С A G I I S I A A G H w F R
Denmark: A N L 0 S S E G E P R I 0 R I
England: N С D S H H H P E 0 A С A A С
Europe: s z A I s W E D I S H N P N A
France: С E N В A В R I T I S H E G N
I С S P A N I S H T 0 с W S H
s H D В I N 0 R W E G I A N E
si
Глагол to be • Краткие ответы •
Притяжательные местоимения
TO B E • SHORT ANSWERS • POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES

yf Vigour
%<"Jj- 1\ля1 S.fbiui

При ответе на вопрос часто используются краткие ответы.


Вопросы К р а т к и е ответы
Am 1 late? Yes, you are. / No, you aren't.
Are you Tom? Yes, 1 am. / No, I'm not.
Is he hungry? Yes, he is. / No, he isn't.
Is she here? Yes, she is. / No, she isn't.
Is it six o'clock? Yes, it i s . / N o , it isn't.
Are we early? Yes, w e / y o u are. / No, w e / y o u aren't.
Are you hungry? Yes, we are. / No, we aren't.
Are they English? Yes, they are. / No, they aren't.
Are the dogs in the garden? — Yes, they are.
Собаки находятся в саду? — Да.
Is Joe angry? — No, he isn't.
Джо сердится? — Нет. ъ»
Are you and your friend happy? — Yes, we are.
Ты и твой друг счастливы? — Да.

Наряду с личными местоимениями в английском языке есть и притяжатель-


ные местоимения, которые так же, как и в русском языке, используются,
чтобы показать, что что-то или кто-то кому-то принадлежит.
Личные м е с т о и м е н и я Притяжательные м е с т о и м е н и я
1 My
You Your
He His
She Her
It Its
We Our
You Your
They Their
/ am a teacher. My name is Gabrielle.
Я учитель. Меня зовут (мое имя) Габриэль.

Ann and her brother are at school. They are in their classroom.
Аня и ее брат находятся в школе. Они в классе.

Is Tony your brother? — Yes, he is.


Тони твой брат? — Да.

Bob and his sister are on their bikes. They are happy because their bikes are new.
Боб и его сестра катаются на своих велосипедах. Они счастливы, потому
что их велосипеды новые.

9
t

УПРАЖНЕНИЯ

Ответьте на вопросы, используя краткие отве- 8. Bob and Mark are brothers. _ home
ты, как показано в образце. is in the country but school is near
Are you and your friend at school? (yes) the town centre.
Yes, we are. 9. Look at that girl! hair is bright pink.
Is Jim in the kitchen? (no) 10. I'm Jill and this is. sister, Lucy.
No, he isn't. 11. "Henry, is house big or small?'
" house is small but very comfortable."
1. Are Pete and Kim at home? (no) 12. Paul and sister are twins.
birthday is in March.
2. Am I late? (yes) 13. Claire and husband are Australian.
14. Hello! . name's Gabrielle.
3. Is your bike red? (no) 15. Pierre and girlfriend are at the cin-
ema.
4. Are your teachers good? (yes)
Закончите предложения, используя личные
5. Are his dogs big? (no) местоимения (/, you, he, she и т. д.) или притя-
жательные местоимения (ту, your, his и т. д.).
6. Is Sue British? (yes) Claire is a shop assistant. Her job isn't very inter-
esting and she is bored.
7. Is the CD good? (no) This are Sam and Carol. They are Australian.
Their house is near Sydney.
8. Are Kelly and Joe at the party? (yes)
1. This is Pete. is a taxi driver and
9. Is your house in the town centre? (no) loves. job.
2. Look at the dog! _ is playing with
10. Are you and Tom students? (yes) ball.
3. "Richard, are books ready for to-
11. Is she your friend? (no) morrow?" — "Yes, are.
are in schoolbag."
12. Is Frank a good football player? (no) 4. Tony and father love swimming.
are at the swimming pool now.
5. "Is Carol married?" - "No, isn't,
2 Закончите предложения, используя притяжа- but . sister is married and
тельные местоимения (ту, your, his и т. д.). has two small children."
She's an engineer. Her name's Sue. 6. Hello! 'm the new teacher..
Tom and Andy are brothers. Their surname is name's Carol.
Smith. 7. Lucy is happy today. 's _
birthday. is twelve.
1. Joe is a student. sister is a nurse. 8. Carol is a beautiful girl. . hair is long
2. Robert is a businessman. office is and eyes are blue.. is a
in the town centre. model.
3. " Excuse me, is that .bag?"-"No, 9. Donald and brothers are in the park.
it isn't. bag is on the desk." are with mother and
4. Christopher is married. wife is a father.
secretary. 10. Pete is late again! _ is always late on
5. "Where is the cat?" — "It's on cush- Monday morning.. teacher is angry.
ion." 11. "Larry, what's _ favourite subject at
6. Mary and brother are in the gar- school?" - " .'s geography."
den. They are with. friends. 12. George and Chris,. room is in a ter-
7. This is Miss Pomeroy. first name is rible state! books are all over the
Lindsay. birthday is in October. floor.

10
13. This is Sally. is a housewife. 3. a) Yes, they are.
. husband is an engineer and b) No, they aren't.
. children are students. 4. a) Yes, she is.
are at secondary school. b) Yes, it is.
14. "Angela, where is school?" — 5. a) Yes, they are.
's very near. house." b) Yes, it is.
6. a) No, it isn't tall,
4
О Рассмотрите картинки. Прослушайте аудиоза- b) No, he isn't.
пись и выберите правильные ответы.
7. a) Yes, it is.
b) Yes, you are.
8. a) Yes, it is.
b) No, it isn't.
9. a) Yes, she is.
b) Yes, they are.
10. a) No, he isn't,
b) No, it isn't.

5 Рассмотрите картинки из упражнения 4. За-


кончите предложения, используя данные сло-
ва и подходящую форму глагола to be.

the present — old — happy — new — twins — thin —


short — nine o'clock — long — sunny

1. The car is old.


2. The scooters _
3. They
4. Her hair
5. It
6. Sam
7. for her.
8. It
9. They.
10. He

Расставьте слова в нужном порядке и ответьте


на вопросы, как показано в образце.

and Are Bob English Mary ? (yes)


Are Bob and Mary English ?
Yes, they are.

1. new Is car his ? (no)

2. it Is birthday your ? (yes)

3. friendly and Sam Carol Are ? (yes)

4. town in Is the house her centre ? (no)


1. a) Yes, she is an old саг.
b) Yes, it is.
2. a) No, it isn't.
b) No, they aren't.
11
5. this difficult exercise Is ? (no) 8 В к а ж д о м п р е д л о ж е н и и есть одна о ш и б к а .
? Подчеркните ее и исправьте.

The my house is in the country.


6. school your Are brothers at ? (yes) My house is in the country.
?
1. She not is at school.
7. Is today sunny it ? (no)
? 2. Tom is a doctor and her sister is a nurse.

8. Are school late for we ? (yes) 3. We are British and their house is in Cardiff.
9
4. "Is her name Marie?" — "Yes, she is."
9. your long hair Is ? (no)
9 5. "Are you A m e r i c a n ? " - " Y e s , I'm." .

10. your Are your books bag in ? (no) 6. "Are his hair brown?" - "No, it isn't."
9

7. Are the your books on the desk?

Расставьте слова в нужном порядке, затем OT- 8. Her is in school.


ветьте на вопросы о себе.

British you Are ? 9. Are cousins Sue and Mary?


Are you British ? Yes, I am.
10. They not at work today.
1. home Are at you ?
9

9 Прослушайте аудиозапись и выберите пра-


2. Is engineer father an your ? вильные ответы.
?
1. a) Yes, he is.
3. fat you Are ? b) Yes, they are.
? 2. a) No, she isn't.
b) No, my mother isn't.
4. your Is short hair ? 3. a) Yes, I am.
9 b) Yes, I'm.
4. a) No, it isn't.
5. at you Are English good ? b) No, they aren't.
? 5. a) No, he isn't.
b) No, he from Mexico.
6. in friends class your Are your ? 6. a) Yes, we are.
? b) Yes, I am.
7. a) Yes, we are.
7. your Is with friend best you ? b) Yes, they are.
9 8. a) No, are brown.
b) No, they aren't.
8. young your Is mother ? 9. a) No, it isn't.
? b) No, I'm not.
10. a) Yes, it's.
9. your Is in house centre the town ? b) Yes, it is.
?
10 Подчеркните слова, которые отличаются от
других.
10. you your and European family Are ?
9 television radio
table video

12
1. I our 6. hot
she they 7. ill
2. his she 8. interesting
my their 9. late
3. book film 10. light
dictionary newspaper 11. long
4. American French 12. old.
Irish Greece 13. rich
5. am are 14. right
not is 15. sad
16. short
11 Составьте предложения, используя подчерк- 17. slow
нутые слова из упражнения 10. 18. stupid
The table is in the kitchen. 19. true
20. young
1.
2. I С L E S N С L A R T 0
3. R N I X M H X I T H I N
4. S L T P A E 0 P T A L L
5. w F E E L Y В R В P 0 R
R E A N L A О F T P 0 P
12 Рассмотрите буквенную мозаику. Найдите и 0 S E S A L R W A Y Y 0
выпишите прилагательные, противоположные
данным по значению.
N N 0 I T W I E E L A О
G D N V G 0 N G 0 L S R
1. bad H A P E F 0 G 0 E S L E
2. big , W R 0 N W E L 0 E N 0 D
3. cheap H К 0 T С О L D R A T E
4. clean 0 D I R T Y E A R L Y E
5. fat
What? (что?, какой?) — в отношении What time is it? — It's six o'clock.
предметов: Который час? — Шесть часов.
What is this? — It's my bag.
Что это? — Это моя сумка.
What colour are your eyes? — They're green.
Какого цвета у тебя глаза ? — Они зеленые.
What's his job? — He's a teacher.
Кем он работает? — Он учитель.

Who? (кто?) — в отношении людей: Who is that man? — He's my father.


Кто этот человек? — Это мой отец.
Who are you? — I'm Gabrielle.
Ты кто? — Я Габриэль.

Where? (где?, откуда?) — в отношении Where are Carol and Lindsay? — They're at school.
места: Где Кэрол и Линдси? — Они в школе.

When? (когда?) — в отношении времени: When is your summer holiday? — It's in August.
Когда у вас летние каникулы? — В августе.

Why? (почему?) — в отношении причины: Why is his face red? — Because he's angry.
Почему у него лицо красное? — Потому что он сердится.

How? (как?) — в отношении чувств: How are you? — Fine, thanks.


Как дела? — Хорошо, спасибо.

How much? (сколько?) — в отношении How much milk is in the fridge? — Not much.
предметов, которые нельзя посчитать. Сколько молока в холодильнике? — Немного.
Например: money — деньги, time — время, How much is that jacket? — It's £55.
liquids — жидкости, gases — газы, Сколько стоит этот пиджак? — 55 фунтов стерлингов.
substances — вещества и т. д.:

How many? (сколько?) — в отношении How many students are in your class? — 25.
предметов, которые можно посчитать. Сколько студентов в вашем классе? — 25.
Например: people —люди, chairs —стулья, How many apples are in the basket? — About ten.
balls — мячи, flowers — цветы и т. д.: Сколько яблок в корзине? — Около десяти.

How + прилагательное — при постановке How old is she? — She's twelve (years old).
вопросов о возрасте, весе, размере и т. д.: Сколько ей лет? — Ей двенадцать лет.
How tall is she? — She's one metre, sixty centimetres.
Какой у нее рост? — Один метр шестьдесят сантиметров.
How long is that river? — It's about 400 miles long.
Какова длина этой реки? — Около 400 миль.
.....

14
How long is the film? — It's two hours long.
Как долго идет фильм? —Два часа.
How high is that-building? — I d o n ' t know, but it's very high.
Какой высоты это здание? -Яне знаю, но оно очень вы-
сокое.
How big is your house? — Not very big.
Какого размера твой дом? — Не очень большой.

УПРАЖНЕНИЯ
1 Вставьте подходящее вопросительное слово. 20. is that?
What time is the party? It's a present for you.
At half past seven.
2 Закончите диалог, используя данные вопросы.
1. . is your house? Прослушайте аудиозапись и проверьте свои
It's in the town centre. ответы.
2. much is that yellow sweater?
How old are you — What's that — Where's your new
It's £9.99.
house — How many people are in your family — Where
3. is your birthday?
are you from — What's your name — Why is she angry —
It's on 21st March.
When's your birthday — What's your phone number —
4. many people are here?
How big is your house
About 20.
5. is he angry? Bob: Hi! My name's Bob.
Because his girlfriend is late.
6. high is that mountain? Sally: Hello! It's Sally. You're new here.
It's 5,120 metres high.
7. is your favourite colour? Bob: I'm from Glasgow but my dad's new job is in this
Blue. town. So, the whole family is here.
8. is your favourite actor? Sally: ?
Mel Gibson.
Bob: It's in Station Road.
9. many boys are in your class? Sally:
Only eight.
Bob: Not very big for all of us.
10. is her job?
Sally: Oh,
She's a nurse.
Bob: Six! My mother, father, me and my three brothers.
11. is your surname?
Sally: And ?
Hodson-Hirst.
Bob: I'm thirteen. And you?
12. is the football match?
It's on Saturday. Sally: I'm twelve but my birthday is next month.
13. is the swimming pool?
It's near the bus station. Bob: In June, (sound of telephone beeping)
14. long is the maths lesson? Sally: ?
It's one hour. Bob: It's my mobile telephone.
15. is the cat? Sally:
It's on your bed. Bob: It's 616 9865900. Whoops! It's a message from
16. is your mother? my mother, she's angry!
She's very well, thank you. Sally: ?
17. is he in bed? Bob: I'm late for lunch! Bye.
Because he's ill. Sally: Bye-bye.
18. tall is Bob?
3 Подберите подходящие ответы от а) до I). За-
He's one metre, fifty-six centimetres tall.
т е м з а к о н ч и т е вопросы, используя слова
19. are they?
much, many, old, tall, high, long или big, если
They're Carol and Sam. необходимо. Следуйте приведенной модели.

15
г

"How old is he?" "He's twenty-one." 7. a) They're £5.


"How are you?" "Fine, thanks." b) About ten litres.
8. a) It's black.
1. How CDs are in the box? b) It's in your bag.
9. a) She's fifteen years,
2. How is Sue? b) She's fifteen.
10. a) No, it isn't,
3. How is the Sahara? b) It's my stereo.

4. How is your grandmother? 5 Расставьте слова в нужном порядке, затем от-


ветьте на вопросы о себе, используя свое во-
5. How is Mont Blanc? ображение, если это необходимо. Следуйте
приведенной модели.

6. How is the Amazon River? are now you Where ?


Where are you now ?
7. How is that castle? I'm at school
1. are How your in students class many ?
8. How is your brother? ?

9. How are those apples?


2. tall you are How ?
?
10. How is the documentary?
3. is time English your What lesson ?
?
a) It's 8,400,000 square kilometres.
b) There are six.
c) It's 4,810 metres high. 4. When holiday your is next ?
?
d) They're 50 pence a kilo.
e) He's one metre, seventy centimetres tall.
f) It's five hundred years old. 5. is telephone number your What ?
?
g) It's half an hour long.
h) She's very well, thank you.
6. house your Where or is flat ?
i) He's twentv-one. ?
j) It's 6,440 kilometres long,
k) Fine, thanks.
7. is favourite your What colour ?
1) She's twenty-two. ?

4 Прослушайте аудиозапись и выберите пра-


вильный ответ. Следуйте приведенной модели. 8. friend is best your Where ?
?
a) I'm fine, thanks.
b) I'm one metre, sixty-eight centimetres. 9. is or your actor Who actress favourite ?
?
1. a) He's Joe.
b) He's a factory worker.
10. are How old you ?
2. a) She's fine, ?
b) She's Mary.
3. a) She's a student,
b) She's Sally. 6 Прослушайте аудиозапись и выберите правиль-
4. a) They're in my bag. ные ответы. Следуйте приведенной модели.
b) They are English books.
5. a) I'm not very well, a) They're ten o'clock.
b) I'm in my bed. b) It's ten o'clock.
6. a) He's from Canada, 1. a) My mother is at home,
b) He's at school. b) Because it's a holiday.

16
2. a) He's fine, thank you.
b) He's my English teacher.
3. a) She's fine, thank you.
b) She's at home.

о
4. a) He has fourteen years,
b) He's fourteen.
5. a) He's tall one metre, sixty-five centimetres,
b) He's one metre, sixty-five centimetres tall. 8 Напишите предложения по картинкам, исполь-
6. a) She's from New Zealand, зуя данные слова.
b) He's from Australia.
7. a) It's £6.99. a CD — a mouse — an apple — an elephant — the sun —
b) They're £6.99. a banana — a mobile phone — a school bag — a dog —
8. a) Yes, it's my mobile phone, a school
b) It's my mobile phone. 1. It's a mouse.
9. a) At my home, 2.
b) On Saturday. 3.
10. a) It's David, 4.
b) I'm David. 5.
11. a) It's one and a half hours long,
6.
b) It's interesting but long.
7.
12. a) You're in the garden,
8.
b) We're in the garden.
9.
7 Скажите, что изображено на картинках. Про-
10.
слушайте аудиозапись и пронумеруйте кар-
тинки в том порядке, в каком изображенные на 8 каждой строчке подчеркните слова, которые
них предметы перечислены аудиозаписи, как отличаются от других.
это сделано на картинке С.
we you his he
В i. where is are am
2. how many how tall when how old
3. apple pear banana tomato
4. one two three five
О о
5.
6.
yellow
small
big
square
red
thin
black
fat
7. car bike
D
skateboard roller-skates
|S--HOOl I
8. happy sad fat bored

0
т у т т
9. British Germany American Japanese
10. pink blonde dark fair
О
10 Напишите предложения, используя подчерк-
нутые слова из упражнения 9.
F
His nose is big.

о
1.
2.
о 3.
4.
H 5.

Ш
6.
7.
8.

о
i 9.
10.
f

UNIT IV Д J Артикль a/an • Множественное число


существительных • Местоположение
прилагательных
A/AN • PLURALS • POSITION OF ADJECTIVES

ЗАПОМНИТЕ

В английском языке многие существительные употребляются с артиклями.


Артикль не имеет самостоятельного значения и не переводится на русский
язык. Неопределенный артикль а / а п используется перед исчисляемыми су-
ществительными (т. е. которые можно посчитать) в единственном числе, ког-
да предмет упоминается в речи впервые.
Артикль а употребляется перед существительными, которые начинаются с
согласных звуков. Например: a toy, a girl, a car, a tree, a horse.
Артикль an употребляется перед существительными, которые начинаются
с гласных звуков. Например: an apple, an elephant, an idiom, an engineer, an
umbrella, an hour (немая h).
Артикль a / a n не используется перед существительными во множественном
числе. Например: a car — cars.

Множественное число существительных


• Исчисляемые существительные (которые можно посчитать) образуют мно-
жественное число с помощью -s.
Например: a desk — desks.
• Существительные, которые заканчиваются на - c h , - s h , -s, -ss, - о , -x обра-
зуют множественное число с помощью -es.
Например: a match — matches.
• Если существительное заканчивается на согласную и за ней идет гласная у,
то у меняется на / и добавляется -es.
Например: a family — families.
• Если существительное заканчивается на гласную и за ней идет гласная у, то
просто добавляется -s.
Например: a toy — toys.
Исключения: a child — children, a man — men и т. д.

Местоположение прилагательных
В предложении прилагательное стоит перед существительным.

small house
(неопределенный артикль) (прилаг.) (сущ., ед. число)

small houses
(нет артикля) (прилаг.) (сущ., мн. число)

Обратите внимание!
Некоторые существительные употребляются только во мн. числе.
Например: trousers (брюки), jeans (джинсы), shorts (шорты), pants (трусы),
scissors (ножницы), pyjamas (пижама), glasses (очки), compasses (циркуль).

18
УНРДЖНЕ-

Поставьте нужный артикль перед существи- 3 Переделайте предложения так, чтобы суще-
тельным в единственном числе. Напишите ствительное стояло во множественном числе.
множественное число существительных. Следуйте приведенной модели.

A dog Dogs He's a good boy.


They're good boys.
1. mouse
2. boy 1. She's a top model.
3. donkey
4. university 2. A party is very enjoyable.
5. dish
6. book 3. An elephant is a big animal.
7. elephant
8. singer 4. He's a young man.
9. foot
10. wolf 5. It's a small grey mouse.
11. table
6. It's a dirty glass.
12. idiot
13. person
7. A taxi is expensive.
14. potato
15. actress
8. His foot is big.
Поставьте прилагательное в нужное место.
Вставьте, где необходимо, артикль а/ал. Сле- 9. She's a happy child.
дуйте приведенной модели.
10. It's an interesting city.
river (deep): a deep river
girls (beautiful): beautiful girls 11. Her dress is pretty.
1. tomato (red):.
2. comic (funny): 12. He' s an ugly person.
3. football matches (interesting):
4 Прослушайте аудиозапись. Подчеркните те
4. teeth (white): слова, которые вы слышите.
5. knife (sharp):
6. CDs (expensive): a) knives b) knife
7. lessons (boring): 1. a) leaf b) leaves
8. restaurant (Chinese): 2. a) dish b) disc
3. a) exercises b) exercise
9. chairs (hard): 4. a) earrings b) earring
10. man (old): 5. a) man b) men
11. trousers (long): 6. a) dress b) address
12. animal (big): . 7. a) hats b) cats
13. mice (grey): 8. a) cook b)book
14. hat (horrible): 9. a) watches b) washes
15. leaves (green): 10. a) woman b) women
16. article (indefinite):
Расставьте слова в нужном порядке. Переде-
17. cars (fast): лайте предложения так, чтобы существитель-
ное стояло во множественном числе. Следуй-
18. child (young): те приведенной модели.
19. party (exciting):
20. puzzles (complicated): beautiful not a is girl She
She is not a beautiful girl.
They are not beautiful girls.
19
the crowded Is bus ?
Is the bus crowded?
Are the buses crowded?

1. Is a sharp it knife ?

2. on A is plate the sandwich

3. happy a he child Is ?

4. umbrella An necessary is

7 Рассмотрите картинки снова. Прослушайте


аудиозапись и раскрасьте картинки. Напиши-
5. not is He a person nice те предложения по каждой картинке, как пока-
зано в образце.

1. They're grey trousers.


6. Chinese is vase old an It
2.
3.
4.
7. an Is hotel expensive it ?
5.
6.
7.
8. secretary His efficient not is
8.
9.
10.
9. It an is exercise easy
8 Рассмотрите картинки и напишите названия
предметов. Поставьте, где нужно артикль а/ал.
10. is It an book not interesting В скобках указано количество букв в каждом
слове. З а т е м решите кроссворд.

6 Рассмотрите картинки. Составьте из данных


букв слова и напишите их под соответствую-
щими картинками.

tweeras — kocss — jmypasa — snrtiear — hsstor —


eosutrrs — gdo — sraueo — thrsi — kajcte

20
г

1. (7) matches
2. (5)
3. (8)
4- (8)
5- (6)
6. (5)
М 7. (6)
А 8. (3)
9. (5)
Ю. (4)
П. (5)
12. (5)
Н
13. (4)
• ;
14. (3)
gjjjj _ 1 S 15. (7)
16. (4)
17. (4)
18. (6)
19. (5)
20. (6)
21- (4)
22. (4)
23. (3)
24. (4)
•у-та.-д-^м. г, , i ,-г-^"-- и

UNITY У к а з а т е л ь н ы е м е с т о и м е н и я This/These • That/Those


THIS/THESE • THAT/THOSE

7) ОЦЬ.
UtrkiAv

ЗАПОМНИТЕ

Чтобы сказать, что о д и н п р е д м е т находится рядом, близко, используется


м е с т о и м е н и е this. Если предмет находится далеко, то используется м е с т о -
имение that.

Is this present for me? — Is that bike new? —


Yes, this is for you! Yes, that is my new bike.
Этот подарок для меня? — Тот велосипед новый? —
Да, это для тебя! Да, это мой новый велосипед.

Единственное число М н о ж е с т в е н н о е число

This town is near. These towns are near.


Этот город находится рядом. Эти города находятся рядом.

Is this pen black? Are these pens black?


Это черная ручка ? Эти ручки черные?

Is this your friend? Are these your friends?


Это твой друг? Это твои друзья?

Чтобы сказать, что несколько п р е д м е т о в находятся р я д о м , близко, исполь-


зуется м е с т о и м е н и е t h e s e . Если п р е д м е т ы находятся далеко, то использу-
ется м е с т о и м е н и е those.

Are these presents for me? — Are those bikes new? —


Yes, these are for you. Happy birthday! Yes, t h o s e are our new bikes.
Эти подарки для меня? — Те велосипеды новые? —
Да, для тебя. С Днем рождения! Да, это наши новые велосипеды.

22
г
qs-

Единственное число
Множественное число
That town is far away. Those towns are far away.
Тот город далеко. Те города далеко.
Is that m a n over there a manager? Are those m e n over there managers?
iот мужчина - управляющий? Те мужчины — управляющие?

Is that your sister? Are those your sisters?


Вот та — твоя сестра? Вот те — твои сестры?

1 Переделайте предложения так, чтобы суще-


17. That car isn't fast.
ствительное стояло во множественном числе.
Используйте необходимые указательные ме-
стоимения, следуя приведенной модели. 18. Is this your key?
This child is good.
19. Is that man a teacher?
These children are good.
That dog is fierce.
20. Where is that girl?
Those dogs are fierce.
1. This black jacket is expensive.
2 Составьте вопросы из данных слов, используя
2. Where is that pen? местоимения this или these. Дайте краткие от-
веты, следуя приведенной модели.

3. This house isn't big. car new ? — yes


Is this car new?
4. That man is strange. Yes, it is.
books interesting ? — no
5. Is this book interesting? Are these books interesting?
No, they aren't.
6. That girl is silly. your sweets ? — yes
Are these your sweets ?
7. Is that my book? Yes, they are.

8. This cup is dirty. 1. trainers new ? — yes


9
9. Is that her dog?
2. T-shirt clean ? — yes
10. Is this CD good? ?

11. That man is British. 3. pens coloured ? — no


?
12. This flower is beautiful.
4. your hamburger ? — no
13. That bird is an eagle. ?

14. Is this dog friendly? 5. your keys ? — yes


9
15. Is that boy your brother?
6. video-game interesting ? — no
16. This shirt is clean. 9

23
7. sandwiches good ? — yes 10. scissors sharp ? — yes
?

8. your mobile phone ? — no


9 Подберите подходящие предложения к дан-
ным картинкам и напишите номер картинки
рядом с предложением.
9. scooter fast ? — no
?

10. your comics ? — yes


?

3 Составьте вопросы, используя местоимения


that или those. Дайте краткие ответы, следуя
приведенной модели.

guitar new ? — yes


Is that guitar new ?
Yes, it is.
films interesting ? — no
Are those films interesting?
No, they aren't.
your shoes ? — no
Are those your shoes ?
No, they aren't.

1. bike new? —yes


9

2. jeans clean ? — no
?

3. your C D ? - n o
• ?

4. clothes old ? — no

5. your English homework ? — yes


9

6. film long ? — no

7. your gloves ? — no

I. exercise difficult ? — no

9. your scarf ? —yes

24
a)
b)
Be careful! That dog is fierce!
How much are those apples?
i f
c) Look at those birds! fr r
d) Is this seat, free?
These suitcases are heavy!
(fee
е)
О Is that your new car?
g) This jacket is beautiful. 1/7) Щ [* Я
h) These boots aren't very expensive. [A | v
for ill'
о О
i) Are those men Scottish?
j) This old Chinese vase is very valuable.

Найдите ответы или комментарии к предложе-


ниям из упражнения 4. Будьте внимательны:
среди ответов есть пять лишних!

1. I'm sorry, it isn't.


2. Yes, it's valuable but it isn't very pretty!
3. Yes, isn't it fantastic?
4. Yes, they are from Edinburgh.
5. This dog is friendly.
6. Can I help you?
7. 50 pence a kilo.
8. No, not free.
9. Yes, this is heavy.
10. Don't worry!
11. Yes, they are big!
12. But they aren't your size.
13. They are very much.
14. But the jacket in the other shop is nice too.
15. Yes, they are from Manchester.

О Прослушайте аудиозапись. Пронумеруйте кар-


тинки в том порядке, в каком изображенные на 7 Прослушайте аудиозапись е щ е раз и заполни-
них действия перечислены в аудиозаписи. те пропуски недостающими словами, как сде-
лано в первом предложении.

1. Are those your school books'?


2. Look at boats!
3. .very friendly.
4. .Pigs. very dirty.
5. bike.
6. . maths teacher.
7. for you.
your CDs?
9. cake fantastic!
10. house.

8 Прослушайте аудиозапись. Подчеркните те


предложения, которые вы слышите, следуя
приведенной модели.

a) This is mv book.
b) These are my books.
1. a) This is my school friend,
b) These are my school friends.
25
г

2. a This jacket is pretty. 7. these me Are for presents?


b That jacket is pretty. ?
3. a Is that your mobile phone? 8. boy very is That silly.
b Is it your mobile phone?
4. a I like that sweater. 9. doctors men Those French are.
b I like the sweater.
5. a The house with the red door is Jack's. 10. my That friend boy is best.
b This house with the red door is Jack's.
6. a Are those people Japanese?
b Are these people Japanese? 10 Подчеркните и исправьте ошибки в данных
7. a This isn't a good idea. предложениях, следуя приведенной модели.
b This is a good idea.
This are my books English.
8. a That boy is silly.
These are my English books.
b The boy is silly.
9. a Are these your CDs? 1. Those not are his shoes.
b Are those your CDs?
10. a Look at his photo. 2. Those are sillys girls.
b Look at this photo.
11. a Are those ham sandwiches? 3. This is the my CD.
b Are these ham sandwiches?
12. a What is it? 4. This man over there is French.
b What is this?
13. a This book is interesting but that is boring. 5. That cake chocolate here is delicious.
b That book is interesting but this is boring.
14. a These jeans are dirty. 6. Is these keys Jack's?
b Those jeans are dirty.
15. a These pictures are beautiful but those are hor- 7. These sentences not right.
rible.
b) Those pictures are beautiful but these are hor- 8. Is this house with the door red your house?
rible.

9 Расставьте слова в нужном порядке, следуя


приведенной модели.

friend This my, Kim is.


This is my friend, Kim.

1. is boy that Where?

2. These delicious are cakes.

3. those dirty your Are shoes?


?
4. Are these English books?
?
5. is homework your This.

6. flowers Those beautiful are. Это мой друг!


Повторение и обобщение (Разделы 1 - 5 )
CONSOLIDATION • UNITS 1 - 5

УПРАЖНЕНИЯ

Закончите п р е д л о ж е н и я , используя личные (/, house. _ sister's favourite


you, he, she, и т. д . ) или притяжательные (ту, subject is maths but. _ prefer history.
your, his, herw т. д . ) м е с т о и м е н и я .

Hello! My name's Gabrielle. Гт from Cardiff, Расставьте слова в нужном порядке. П е р е д е -


лайте п р е д л о ж е н и я т а к , чтобы существитель-
in Wales. What's your name?
ное стояло во м н о ж е с т в е н н о м числе. Следуй-
те приведенной м о д е л и .
1. David and girlfriend are on holi-
day. are at t h e seaside with a sharp is knife It
friends and are very It is a sharp knife.
happy because is a beautiful day. They are sharp knives.
2. Larry is tall, hair is dark brown and
eyes are blue but sister is 1. Italian an That is car
short,. hair is fair and eyes
are green.
3. "Why are _ .so happy?" 2. old is Chinese This vase beautiful
. birthday. 'm fourteen to-
day." 3. your Is book English this '
4. Susanne and . _ husband are at home
today because. . is Saturday.
son, Tony, is still in bed but daugh- 4. Is cheap a this hotel ?
ter, Sally, is at the swimming pool with
friends.
5. " Kim and Pete, where are dirty track- 5. young a is That housewife woman
suits?" — " are in gym
bags."
6. "Is Angela married?' 'Yes, is. 6. Is difficult exercise this ?
husband is an engineer.
is very nice.
7. Terry and Tony are brothers. . are both 7. cage That very in is animal not fierce the
students at Warwick University, flat
is on the outskirts of Coventry.
8. "What time is ?"- is 8. your is sock dirty Where
nine o'clock and _ _ _ _ _ . are late again. Why
are always late on Monday morn-
ings?" 9. angry Why he is ?
9. "Who's favourite actor?'
like Mel Gibson. is fantastic and
love films." 10. this How is jacket much black?
10. sister and I are twins and
are at the same school. school is near
27
11. is French and film long That boring 4. a She's in the country.
?
b It's in the country.
? 5. a Yes, it is.
12. bike this Is new your ? b Yes, they are.
?
6. a Yes, it is.
? b Yes, they are.
13. her book is school Her bag in history 7. a Because she's ill.
b Yes, she's in bed.
8. a Yes, they are six.
14. white is mouse funny That b Only six.
9. a It's at the stadium.
b It's on Saturday.
15. an he man honest Is ? 10. a Australia.
? b Yes, Australia.
? 11. a He's a mechanic.
b He's mechanic.
3 Найдите ответы к данным вопросам, как это 12. a Yes, I am.
показано в образце.
b Yes, I'm.
j Where's she from? 13. a It's my brother.
b It's my phone.
1. When's the party? 14. a He's Gerald.
2. Who's that boy? b He's fine.
3. What's his address?
4. What time is the English lesson? 5 Ответьте на вопросы о себе.
5. Are those men doctors?
6. How much is that jacket? 1. What's your first name?
7. Is she American?
2. What's your surname?
8. Why is the teacher angry?
9. Is that your mobile phone?
10. How old is Sue? 3. Where are you from?

a) 23, Thompson Street. 4. What's your phone number?


b) No, she's Canadian.
c) Twenty-four. 5. Are you a boy or a girl?
d) £30.99
e) Yes, it is. 6. Where's your house or flat?
1) Because Bob's late again.
g) Saturday. 7. Where's your school?
h) At ten.
i) He's my brother, 8. How old are you?
j) Germany
k) No, they are vets. 9. Who is your best friend?

4 Прослушайте аудиозапись и выберите наибо- 10. Where is he / she?


лее подходящие ответы на вопросы, которые
вы слышите.
11. Where are you now?
a) Yes, it is. b) Yes, he is.
12. When's your birthday?
1. a) No, America.
b) No, they aren't.
13. What zodiac sign are you?
2. a) He's thirteen.
b) He has thirteen years.
14. Is it sunny today?
3. a) Yes, it is.
b) Only half a litre.

28
15 Are you good at English? 4. "What's his surname?" - " Jones."
a) It's
b) He's
Напишите вопросы, к которым данные предло- c) I'm
жения послужат ответами. Следуйте приве-
5. " your house?" — "In the country."
денной модели.
a) What's
Where is Sue? b) Where's
Sue? She's at school. c) How's
? 6. John and sisters are at school.
1
a) her
It's ten o'clock.
? b) their
2
c) his
0124 675889
? 7. The children aren't in beds.
3
a) her
An artist? No, I'm not.
b) their
4 9
c) his
It's a bird.
8. Is book on my desk here for me?
5 ?
a) that
He's very well, thank you.
? b) a
6
c) this
The party? It's on Sunday.
? 9. It's .
7
a) a beautiful sunny day
Don? He's eleven.
b) beautiful a sunny day
8 ?
c) a sunny day beautiful
Pete and Mark? They're in the garden.
_? 10. "Are those flowers for your mother?" — "Yes,
9
I love blue.
a) it is b) those are c) they are
10 ?
Because I'm sleepy. 8 Исправьте т е п р е д л о ж е н и я , в которых есть
11 ? ошибки.
This sweater? £20.90
12, ? That man over there is French.
French? No, they aren't. Correct!
This man over there is French.
Выберите и подчеркните слова, чтобы пра- Wrong! That man over there is French.
вильно заполнить пропуски в предложениях.
Следуйте приведенной модели. 1. Pete and her sister are from Wales.

That's Tom. 's her boyfriend. 2. Those men aren't very pleasant.
a) It
b) He 3. Sue and her husband are at home but their chil-
c) She dren is at school.
1. Careful! Those are .
a) knives sharp 4. That jacket black is expensive.
b) sharps knives
c) sharp knives 5. "Is your name Carol?" - "No, I'm not."
2. man over there is her brother.
a) That 6. Ann and her small brothers are in the park with
b) This their friends.
c) A
3. "That's my sister." - "What's name?" 7. Excuse me, is these chair free?
a) your
b) his 8. That old house is very big.
c) her

29
9 Расставьте данные слова по группам (по пять слов в каждой группе). Найдите эти слова в буквенной
мозаике.

green — car — man — plane — bedroom — cupboard — radio — tie — mouse — woman — ship — pen — dining
room — sofa — desk — good — boy — monkey — carpet — pencil — blue — happy — chair — train —• child — shoe —
computer — table — bus — black — ruler — bathroom — blackboard — red — bad — girl — coat — video — sitting
room — white — late — kitchen — hat — angry — cat — blouse — dog — television — lion — stereo
• ROOMS CLASSROOM OBJECTS • COLOURS
комнаты предметы школьного обихода цвета
1. 1. 1.
2. 2. 2.
3. 3. 3.
4. 4. 4.
5. 5. 5.

• ADJECTIVES F U R N I T U R E IN T H E HOUSE • TRANSPORT


прилагательные мебель в доме транспорт
1. 1. 1.
2. 2. 2.
3. 3. 3.
4. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 4. 4.
5. 5. 5.

ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES ANIMALS PEOPLE


электроприборы животные люди
1. 1. 1.
2. 2. 2.
3. 3. 3.
4. 4. 4.
5. 5. 5.

• CLOTHES M D s T R A D I 0 P H A P P Y A В P
одежда A R I 0 A T A 0 V I D E 0 E T С A E
1. N 0 T N F В G 0 G С H A I R R A D N
2. С S T G I A L В L A С К В 0 A R D С
3. U T I В I N I E A R A 0 I S I P E I
4. P E N L S R G D T T T В A T N E S L
5. В R G 0 0 D L R E D H G L T С T К P
О E R U L E R 0 0 T E R I A T H E L
A 0 0 s С В 0 0 L 0 I E 0 R с I E A
R s 0 E P U О M В H M E N 0 R К L N
D H M 0 и S E Y A L N N W 0 M A N E
S H 0 E w H I T E 0 U M 0 N к E Y H
T E L E V I S I 0 N В E A N G R Y A
p 0 С 0 M P U T E R A С H I L D В T

10 Составьте предложения на основе слов преды- 4.


дущего упражнения. Используйте как можно ^
больше слов, следуя приведенной модели. ^

The black dog is in the bedroom. 7.


1. 8.
2. 9.
3. 10.
Время • Дни недели • Месяцы • Времена года •
Д а т ы • Годы ( П р е д л о г и в р е м е н и )
TIME • DAYS • MONTHS • SEASONS • DATES • YEARS
(PREPOSITIONS OF TIME)

Uymir <*fl kh-jt^tij, '


S.fbttti

Время Чтобы спросить, который час, в английском языке используется выражение


What time is it?
Время до полудня обозначают — a.m., время после полудня — p.m.
10.00a.m. 10.00 p.m.
10.00 22.00
It's ten o'clock in the morning. It's ten o'clock in the evening.
Десять часов утра. Десять часов вечера.
Если большая стрелка часов находится в правой части циферблата, то для
определения времени используют слово past.
10.10a.m. 1.15 p.m.
10.10 13.15
It's ten past ten in the morning. It's (a) quarter past one in the afternoon.
Десять минут одиннадцатого (утро). Пятнадцать минут второго (день).
Если большая стрелка часов находится в левой части циферблата, то ис-
пользуют предлог to.

6.45 p.m. 11.55 p.m.


18.45 23.55
It's (a) quarter to seven in the evening. It's five to twelve at night.
Без пятнадцати минут семь (вечер). Без пяти минут двенадцать (ночь).
(a) quarter — четверть часа (15 минут)
half — половина (30 минут)
3.30р.т.
15.30
It's half past three in the afternoon. What time is the maths lesson? — It's at half past ten.
Половина четвертого (день). Когда урок математики? — В половине одиннадцатого.

Дни недели
Будни: Выходные дни:
Monday — Понедельник Saturday — Суббота
Tuesday — Вторник Sunday — Воскресенье
Wednesday — Среда
Thursday — Четверг
Friday — Пятница

When's your party? — It's on Saturday.


Когда у тебя вечеринка? — В субботу.

He's at home at the weekend.


Он находится дома в выходные.

31
Времена года и месяцы

W i n t e r — Зима S p r i n g — Весна S u m m e r — Лето A u t u m n / Fall (American


English) — Осень

December ( D e c . ) — Д е к а б р ь March (Mar.) — Март June (Jun.) — Июнь September (Sep.) —Сентябрь
January (Jan.) -Январь April (Apr.) -Апрель July (Jul.) -Июль October (Oct.) - Октябрь
February (Feb.) — Февраль May — Май August (Aug.) —Август November (Nov.) — Ноябрь

W h e n is her birthday? — It's in April, in spring.


Когда ее день рождения? — В апреле, весной.

Даты Д л я о б о з н а ч е н и я дат используют п о р я д к о в ы е числительные, которые отве-


чают на в о п р о с Который?

My birthday is on the twenty-first of March, Chris' birthday is on the twenty-fifth


of March, our m o t h e r ' s birthday is on t h e fifth of July and our father's birthday is
on the fourth of November.
Мой день рождения 21-го марта, день рождения Крис 25-го марта, день
рождения нашей мамы 5-го июля, и день рождения папы 4-го ноября.

Годы При чтении четырехзначных чисел, о б о з н а ч а ю щ и х годы, сначала читаем две


п е р в ы е цифры, а затем две последние.

1999 = nineteen ninety-nine Shakespeare died in 1616.


1410 = fourteen ten Шекспир умер в 1616году.
1800 = eighteen hundred
1904 = nineteen о four Sue was born in 2002.
2003 = two t h o u s a n d a n d three Сью родилась в 2002 году.

УПРАЖНЕНИЯ

Напишите время, начиная It's ... и заканчивая 7. 8 . 3 5 a.m.


in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening,
at night.

9.45 p.m. 8. 11.25 a.m.


It's a quarter to ten in the evening.

1. 3.15 a.m. 9. 4.00 p.m.

1 6 55
- P-m- 10. 7.30 a.m.

1 L00a
-m- 11. 9.05 a.m.

4
- 3.25 p.m. 12 2.10 p.m.

5 9
' "50a-m- 13. 12.30 p.m.

6. 10.45 a.m. 14. 12.15 a.m.

32
15. 3.40 p.m. 2. At twelve o'clock in the afternoon in London it
is four o'clock at night in Vancouver, Canada.
What time is it in Vancouver when it is (a) quar-
ter to seven in the evening in London?
2 Q Прослушайте аудиозапись и запишите время,
которое вы слышите.
3. At twelve o'clock in the afternoon in London, it
6.25 a.m. is half past five in the afternoon in Madras, In-
1. dia. What time is it in Madras when it is half past
2. five in the afternoon in London?
3.
4. 4. At twelve o'clock in the afternoon in London, it
5. is two o'clock in the afternoon in Athens, Greece.
6. What time is it in Athens when it is twenty past
7. six in the morning in London?
8.
9. 5. At twelve o'clock in the afternoon in London, it
10. is nine o'clock in the morning in Rio de Janeiro,
11. Brazil. What time is it in London when it is twelve
12. o'clock in the afternoon in Rio de Janeiro?
13.
14. 6. At two o'clock in the afternoon in Helsinki, Fin-
15. land, it is nine o'clock in the evening in Tokyo,
Japan. What time is it in Tokyo when it is twen-
Рассмотрите карту часовых поясов и ответьте ty-five to six in the evening in Helsinki?
на следующие вопросы.

1. At twelve o'clock in the afternoon in London, it 7. At one o'clock in the afternoon in Paris, France,
is eight o'clock in the evening in Hong Kong. it is ten o'clock in the evening in Sydney, Aus-
What time is it in London when it is half past six tralia. What time is it in Sydney when it's half
in the evening in Hong Kong? past four in the afternoon in Paris?
It's

3 Практикум по английской грамматике, т. 1 33


8. At half past nine in the evening in Adelaide, in 3.
South Australia, it is two o'clock in the afternoon 4.
in Jerusalem, Israel. What time is it in Jerusalem 5.
when it's six o'clock in the morning in Adelaide? 6.
7.
8.
4 Напишите дни недели, даты и времена года, 9.
следуя приведенной модели. 10.
Моп, 21 Jan
It's Monday, the twenty-first of January. 6 Дайте полные ответы на следующие вопросы,
следуя приведенной модели.
It's in winter.
When is your birthday?
1. Tues, 3 Jun
It's on the twenty-first of March.
1. When is your birthday?
2. Wed, 16 Feb
2. When is your best friend's birthday?

3. Thurs, 29 Apr 3. When is your mother's birthday?

4. When is Christmas Day?


4. Fri, 2 Mar
5. When is New Year's Day (the first day of the year)?

5. Sat, 31 May 6. When is New Year's Eve (the last day of the year)?

7. When is Christmas Eve (the day before Christmas) ?


6. Sun, 22 Jul
8. When is Boxing day (the day after Christmas)?

7. Thurs, 14 Nov
9. When is Saint Valentine's Day?

10. When is Mother's Day?


8. Wed, 1 Oct
11. When is the first day of school after the summer
holidays?
9. Sat, 23 Aug
12. When is the last day of school before the summer
10. Mon, 5 Sept holidays?

13. When is Easter Day this year?


11. Fri, 1 Jan
14. When is Epiphany?

12. Wed, 21 Dec 15. When is All Saints'Day?

16. On what other dates are there national holidays


in your country?
5 Прослушайте аудиозапись и напишите даты, In my country there are national holidays
которые вы слышите.

13th June, 1991.


1. 7 Закончите предложения, используя предлоги
2. at, on, in.
и
"What time is the maths lesson? » At nine
o'clock on Monday morning."

1. It's very cold here. winter and very hot


summer.
2. She is at the swimming pool half past
six Monday and Wednesday evenings.
3. She is always home . the weekends.
4. My summer holidays are. August.
5. "When is your guitar lesson?" — "It's
half past seven Thursday evening.''
6. Those trees are beautiful autumn.
7. His house is near the main road and there's a lot
of noise night.
8. "Easter is Sunday this year." — "Don't
be silly! Easter is always Sunday."
9. The Magna Carta was signed 1215.
10. His birthday is November. 9 Прослушайте аудиозапись е щ е раз, если в
11. "Why is she always sleepy Monday этом есть необходимость, и ответьте на воп-
росы, как это сделано в первом предложении.
mornings?" — "Because she's at the discotheque
Sundays." 1. Where is Chris now? — (He's still) in bed.
12. The postman always comes about ten
o'clock the morning. 2. What time is the school bus always there?
13. "When are you flying to New York?" — "
the third of December half past seven 3. Who is Miss Jones?
the evening."
14. Please be punctual. . Tuesday morning. 4. What time is Miss Jones' lesson?
The train is nine o'clock. 5. Which exam is on Tuesday?

8 Рассмотрите картинки. Прослушайте аудиоза- 6. Why is Sue in front of the television?


пись и пронумеруйте картинки в том порядке, в
каком вы слышите. Прослушайте аудиозапись
снова и напишите время, дни недели или даты. 7. Where are Tony and Bill?

8. What time is George's dinner?

9. Why are the children excited?

10. Why is Katy happy?

11. How old is Katy?

fEXAM1 12. Where is Mr Brown?


|ROO$jj
M B
13. Where is his office?

14. Where is his house?


О
15. Where are Sally and Tom?

16. What day is it tomorrow?

о
Оборот there is/there are • Предлоги места
THERE IS/THERE ARE • PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE

ЗАПОМНИТЕ

О б о р о т there is/there are


О б о р о т there is/there are употребляется, когда необходимо сообщить о на-
личии в данном месте какого-нибудь предмета или лица или об их отсутствии.
Предложения с таким о б о р о т о м переводятся на р у с с к и й язык с конца.
There is употребляется, если существительное с т о и т в единственном числе.

Утвердительные Отрицательные Вопросительные

There is a man in the room. There isn't a w o m a n in the room. Is there a child in the room?
В комнате находится мужчина. В комнате нет женщины. В комнате есть ребенок?

К р а т к и е ответы
Yes, there is. / No, there isn't.

There are употребляется, если с у щ е с т в и т е л ь н о е с т о и т во м н о ж е с т в е н н о м


числе.

Утвердительные Отрицательные Вопросительные

There are men in the room. There aren't w o m e n in t h e room. Are there children in the room?
В комнате находятся мужчины. В комнате нет женщин. В комнате есть дети?

К р а т к и е ответы
Yes, there are. / No, there aren't.

Предлоги места

Sn — в O n — на
There is a cat in the basket. T h e r e ' s a cat on the bed.
И " , - - В корзине находится кот. На кровати находится кот.

('Л
- \ J 7

U n d e r — под N e a r — рядом, около


T h e r e ' s a c a t under the T h e r e ' s a cat near the gold-
bed. fish bowl.
Под кроватью находится Рядом с аквариумом на-
кот. ходится кот.

36
O p p o s i t e — напротив B e t w e e n — между
The white cat is opposite the T h e r e ' s a black cat between
black cat. two other cats.
Белый кот находится напро- Между двумя другими кота-
тив черного кота. ми находится черный кот.

O n t h e right (of) — справа


(от)
The black and white cat is on
!n f r o n t of — впереди
the right of the black cat.
The white cat is in front of the
Справа от черного кота на-
black cat.
ходится черно-белый кот.
Белый кот находится перед
черным котом. O n t h e l e f t (of) — слева (от)
B e h i n d — позади The white cat is on the left of
The b l a c k cat is behind the the black cat.
white cat. Слева от черного кота нахо-
Черный кот находится поза- дится белый кот.
ди белого кота.

УГ1РАЖ1Ш1Ш

1 Закончите предложения, используя is или are. 7. There cola in that bottle.


Сделайте предложения: а) отрицательными;
б) вопросительными; в) напишите краткие от- a)
веты. Следуйте приведенной модели. b) ?
c) No,
There are apples on the table.
8. There black shoes under the bed.
a) There aren't apples on the table.
a)
b) Are there apples on the table? b) ?
c) No, there aren't. c) Yes, ___
1 • There a bottle of milk in the fridge.
2 Рассмотрите картинку, на которой изображен
a) комиссионный магазин и закончите предложе-
b) ?
ния, используя оборот there is/there are и пред-
c) Yes, логи in, on, under, in front of, behind, near, on the
2. There teachers in the school. right of, on the left of.
a)
b) ?
c) Yes,
3. There a man at the door.
a)
b) ?
c) No,
4. There pyjamas on the bed.
a)
b) ?
c) Yes,
5. There a letter for me.
a)
b) ?
c) No,
6. There expensive clothes in that shop.
a)
b) ?
c) Yes,

37
There's a dog in the bicycle basket. 8. a) Yes, there is.
b) It's behind the vase.
1. sunglasses
the lamp. 9. a) Yes, there is.
2. a doll b) Yes, it is.
the lamp. 10. a) It's in front of the shop.
3. bottles b) There is in front of the shop.
the doll. 11. a) Yes, it is.
4. a box b) Yes, there is.
the vase and the lamp. 12. a) No, there isn't,
5. a bicycle b) No bag.
the shop window. 13. a) It's on the cupboard,
6. books b) It's in the cupboard.
the woman's hands. 14. a) Yes, there is.
7. a cat b) No, there isn't.
a carpet. 15. a) They are four,
8. a coat b) There are four.
the cupboard.
9. flowers 4 Рассмотрите картинку, изображающую комна-
the vase. ту Кэти. Прослушайте аудиозапись и правиль-
но расставьте предметы.
10. people
the shop.
11. a ball
the vase.
12. a puppet
the cat
the big book.
13. a shirt
the coat.
14. a boy
the woman.
15. a clock
_the cupboard.
16. a lamp
the vase.

3 Снова рассмотрите картинку. Прослушайте


аудиозапись и подчеркните подходящие отве-
ты, следуя приведенной модели.

a) Yes, there is.


b) No. there isn't.
1. a) Yes, there is.
b) Yes, it is.
2. a) No, it isn't.
b) No, there isn't. poster 1 sweaters 2 chair 3
3. a) Yes, in the cupboard,
b) Yes, it is.
4. a) Yes, they are.
b) Yes, there are.
5. a) Yes, there are.
b) Yes, they are.
6. a) Yes, it is.
b) No, it isn't.
7. a) There are two.
mirror teddy bear 6
b) Yes, they are.
38
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

shoes 8 school bag 9 9.


10.
11.
12.

7 Расставьте слова в нужном порядке и ответьте на


вопросы о себе. Следуйте приведенной модели.

in computer a personal there Is bedroom your ?


Is there a personal computer in your bedroom ?
books 1® No, there isn't.
are books your Where ?
Where are your books ?
5 Добавьте слова: a hairbrush, some CDs, some
pens, a jacket, a poster of New York для описа- They're in the bookcase.
ния комнаты Кэти (упражнение 4). Закончите
предложения, используя оборот there is/there 1. is school your Where bag ?
are для описания местонахождения предметов ?
на картинке.
2. your there bedroom posters in Are ?
1• a hairbrush 9

2. some CDs
3. the there kitchen television a in Is ?
?
some pens
4. your Are flowers in room there sitting ?
ajacket 9

a poster of New York


5. shoes Where your are ?
9

6 Нарисуйте свою комнату и напишите 12 пред-


ложений, используя оборот there is/there are и 6. house there a in Is your dog ?
предлоги для описания м е с т о н а х о ж д е н и я 9
предметов мебели и прочих вещей.

THIS IS MY BEDROOM 7. Is a there house near your supermarket ?


9

8. many or your bedrooms there in are How house


flat?
9

9. How chairs in many are kitchen there the ?


9

10. is jacket your Where ?


Выражения с глаголами to be и to have
EXPRESSIONS WITH TO BE AND TO HAVE

ЗАПОМНИТЕ

В а н г л и й с к о м языке существует м н о г о в ы р а ж е н и й , в которых используется


глагол t o b e и прилагательное.

to b e cold dirty sleepy


hot right tired
hungry wrong afraid (of)
thirsty early interested (in)
angry late lucky etc.

I'm sleepy because it's early in the morning.


Мне хочется спать, потому что еще раннее утро.
She is angry if he is late.
Она сердится, если он опаздывает.
Are y o u interested in football?
Ты интересуешься футболом?
She is on holiday. She's lucky!
Она в отпуске. Счастливая!
He's afraid of big dogs.
Он боится больших собак.
What t i m e is it? — It's six o ' c l o c k .
Который час? — Шесть часов.
W h a t ' s the weather like today? — It's sunny.
Какая сегодня погода? — Солнечно.
How old is she? — She's thirteen.
Сколько ей лет? — Ей 13.
What d o e s Mrs Brown do? — She is a secretary.
Кто госпожа Браун по профессии? — Она секретарь.

В ы р а ж е н и я с глаголом to have:

to have a shower breakfast a break


a bath lunch a sandwich
a wash dinner a drink
a holiday supper a party
a rest a snack a g o o d time

I'm tired. — Have a break!


Я устал. — Отдохни!
I'm hungry. — Have a snack.
Я голоден. — Перекуси!
I'm dirty. — Have a shower!
Я грязный. — Прими душ!

40
УПРАЖНЕНИЯ

1 Закончите вопросы, используя нужную фор- 4. Come on! The lesson starts at nine and it's ten
му глагола to be. Ответьте на вопросы, исполь-
past. You _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
зуя слова в скобках. Следуйте приведенной
модели. 5. "Cardiff is in Scotland." - "No, you
. It's in
Is Sally sad? (happy) Wales."
No, she's happy. 6. "Why are you on that chair?" — "There's a
1. Sam late? (early) mouse!" — "But it's only a little mouse." — "I
don't care. I
2. Joe and Larry thirsty? (hungry) of mice!"
7. It in Scotland in
3. that film long? (short) winter.
8. It in the desert.
4. you short? (tall) 9. Where are my sunglasses? It
today.
5. Sally slim? (fat) 10. It's the end of the school year and the children

6. it cloudy today? (sunny)


3 Подберите к данным ситуациям подходящие
выражения.
7. it six o'clock? (seven o'clock)
1. I'm hungry!
8. your trainers dirty? (clean) 2. I'm thirsty!
3. I'm tired!
9. the twins fourteen? (thirteen) 4. I'm dirty!
5. I'm sleepy!
10. this sweater expensive? (cheap) 6. I'm hot!
7. I'm cold!
11. I right? (wrong) 8. There's a party tonight!
9. I'm right!
12. English lessons boring? (interesting) 10. I'm late!
11. Here's the train. Bye!
13. you nervous? (calm)
a) No, you're wrong!
14. it hot today? (cold) b) Open the window.
c) Have a good time!
15. Mary sleepy? (wide awake) d) Have a shower!
e) Here's a sweater.
f) Have a rest.
2 Закончите предложения, используя правиль- g) Run!
ную форму глагола to be и прилагательное из h) Have a good journey. Bye-bye.
этого списка. i) Have a sandwich.
hot — interested — afraid — late — cold — thirsty — j) Go to bed!
happy — hungry — sunny — excited — wrong k) Have a drink.

It's time for dinner and I am hungry. I'm hungry! — Have a sandwich.

1. "Haveadrink." — "No, thankyou. I (not) 1.

2. They're at the stadium because they 2.

in football.
3. Pete because it's his 3.
birthday.
4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

Закончите предложения, используя правиль-


ную форму глаголов to be или to have.

When I am hungry I have a sandwich.

1. When it my birthday, I
party.
2. What colour _ his hair?
3. "I'm going to France." — a good
holiday!"
4. "How old Jim?' 'He
sixteen."
5. "I tired."-"_ a rest!'
6. They lunch in the school canteen.
7. When there a horror film, I
M /

frv|
afraid.
iOz
\ > /f
8. "I thirsty. a lemon- ' 1 ^
ade." r f f l
/ Ш
5 Прослушайте аудиозапись, затем: а) пронуме-
руйте картинки в том порядке, в котором изоб- ГГХ < j |

О
раженные на них события перечислены в
аудиозаписи; б) расставьте имена людей под * о ' '
соответствующими картинками.
6 Составьте предложения по картинкам, исполь-
Sam — Jill — Sue and Christy — Julie — Tom and Bill — зуя следующие слова.
Carol — Mark — Tony —- Bob — Jane and Stuart
interested — nervous — in the dark — excited —
hungry — hot — cold — angry — afraid — late

1. Tom and Bill are hungry.


2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

9.
10.

42
7 Найдите слова, приведенные после таблицы и 8 Составьте 15 предложений, используя как
их антонимы. Найдите е щ е 10 других слов, ко- можно больше слов из упражнения 7. Следуй-
торые используются с глаголом to have и на- те приведенной модели.
пишите их, используя артикли а/ап, где необ-
ходимо. I'm happy when I have a holiday.

F H А Р Р Y А R S Е Т S L S В 1.
G 0 О D С Т Y О I и А О А и L 2.
U T А L L А Е Р Р G Р R Т N и 3.
P 0 S А I С L Е А N Н Р L N N 4.
P F А Т L D I N N Е R Т Е Y С 5.
Y s D Е Р I А G W О Е D R R Н 6.
С L О D Е R Н Y R О S N А С К 7.
L 0 О К X Т F О О С т Н I N R 8.
0 W L А Р Y А N N и н D О S В 9.
U и Р D Е I S О G D N Е F R А 10.
D к О N N D R О В
т I G А N Т 11.
Y и О N S Н О W Е R А W В Р н 12.
R V R D I М Y Е S Е D D О О R 13.
R I Y А V Е А R L А Т R R О Т 14.
D и С К Е J Р L I К S I I Y Т 15.
R О N Н С А N О L D и N N и Р
I N Т Е R Е S Т I N G К G I N 9 Прочитайте и ответьте на вопрос: что это?

1. bad 1. It's a room. When you're dirty you have a wash


2. boring there.
3. cheap. It's
4. clean _ 2. It's an animal. It's small and friendly. It loves milk
5. cold_ and fish.
6. fast It's
7. happy. 3. It's very big, hot and yellow. It's in the sky.
8. late It's 4

9. poor_ 4. It's big and black. It's on the classroom wall.


10. short _ It's
11. small _ 5. It's an adjective. It's the opposite of cheap.
12. sunny. It's _____
13. thin 6. It's a season. It's hot. You can have a holiday at
14. wrong the seaside in this season.
15. young. It's
7. It's soft and warm in this thing. You can have a
To have... sleep in it. It's in your bedroom.
1. It's
2. 8. It's an animal. It's yellow and black. It's fierce.
3. It lives in jungles (or zoos).
4. It's
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Когда мы г о в о р и м о том, что у нас ч т о - т о или к т о - т о есть, то и с п о л ь з у е м
глагол h a v e / h a s got.
H a v e g o t — для всех лиц
H a s g o t — только для 3 лица ед. числа

Утвердительные предложения Отрицательные предложения

I have (I've) got 1 have not (1 haven't) got


You have (You've) got You have not (You haven't) got
He has (He's) got He has not (He hasn't) got
She has (She's) got She has not (She hasn't) got
It has (It's) got It has not (It hasn't) got
We have (We've) got We have not (We haven't) got
You have (You've) got You have not (You haven't) got
They have (They've) got They have not (They haven't) got

I've got a small dog. 1 haven't got a car.


У меня есть маленькая собачка. У меня нет машины.
She's got an English b o o k . She hasn't got a French book.
У нее есть книга на английском. У нее нет книги на французском.

Вопросительные п р е д л о ж е н и я Краткие ответы

Have 1 got? Yes, you have. / No, y o u haven't.


Have you got? Yes, 1 have. / No, 1 haven't.
Has he got? Yes, he has. / No, he hasn't.
Has she got? Yes, she has. / No, she hasn't.
Has it got? Yes, it has. / No, it hasn't.
Have we got? Yes, you have. / No, you haven't.
Have you got? Yes, we have. / No, we haven't.
Have they got? Yes, they have. / No, they haven't.

Have you got a new bike? — Yes, 1 have. Has he got a big nose? — No, he hasn't.
У тебя есть новый велосипед? — Да, есть. У него большой нос? — Нет.

УПРАЖНЕНИЯ

1 Вставьте нужную форму глагола to have got. Has Pete got a big hat?
Составьте отрицательные и вопросительные ^е hasn't
предложения. Напишите краткие ответы, сле-
дуя приведенной модели. 1. Kate and Candy fair hair.
Pete has got a big hat.
Pete hasn 't got a big hat.
Yes,
44
2. Mr and Mrs Davis three children. 11. Sally. . a baby brother.
12. They_ . a cat but they (neg-
ative). _ a dog.
No,.
3. We an old car. Составьте вопросы и ответьте на них, следуя
приведенной модели.

Bob — stereo? personal C D player


No,. Has Bob got a stereo ?
4. This town a good library. No, he hasn't. He's got a personal CD player.

They — flat in the town centre? house in the sub-


Yes, _ urbs
5. John . blue eyes.

2. Carol — garden? big balcony


Yes,
6. Joe and Tom. . a computer in their bed-
room. 3. Sue — blue eyes? brown eyes

No, 4. Harry and Jim — sister? brother


7. The dog. . a big bone in its mouth.

5. Ricky — ball? racket


Yes, _
8. Sally. dark hair.
6. Your school — football pitch? rugby field

No,.
7. Your car — air conditioning? double air bags
Закончите предложения, используя нужную
форму глагола to have got. Следуйте приведен-
ной модели. 8. Pete — hamburger? cheese sandwich
They (negative) haven 'tgot homework today.
Has Rick got a motor bike?
9. His house — two bathrooms? study
1. Sue (negative) _ . money m
her pocket.
2. My sister and I a small 10. Tim — new computer? old computer
flat.
3. .they.
any children? 11. They — caravan? camper
4. Daniel
a new computer?
5. My town two swimming pools. 12. Katy — black boots? brown boots
6. George (negative) a smart
jacket.
7. her brothers
blue eyes? Напишите предложения в полной форме, ис-
8. Tony a blue car. пользуя, где нужно, is или has. Следуйте при-
9. they веденной модели.
their books with them? He's here now, he's got his new bike.
10. Our house is small but it. He is here now, he has got his new bike.
a big garden.
45
1. What's he afraid of? biscuits — glasses — packets of crisps — ham — beer
cream — decorations — cheese — plates — balloons
2. What's he got in his hand? coke — mineral water — bread — lemonade — cakes
new CD — butter
3. When's his birthday?
Yes No
coke mineral water
4. He's sixteen.

5. She's got four brothers.

6. She's got a strange expression on her face. What's


wrong with her?

Напишите шесть предложений о том, что есть


7. He's got a dog. у Мэри и чего у нее нет. Следуйте приведен-
ной модели.
I. She's hungry. She's got соке but she hasn't got mineral water.

1.
5 Прослушайте аудиозапись и подчеркните пра- 2.
вильные ответы на вопросы. Следуйте приве-
3.
денной модели.
4.
a) Не loves football. 5.
b) He's got a football. 6.
1. a) Have a snack, 8 Рассмотрите картинки и напишите названия
b) Yes, you are. животных под ними. Прослушайте аудиоза-
2. a) Yes, he has. пись и пронумеруйте картинки в том порядке,
b) Yes, he's got. в котором они перечислены в аудиозаписи.
3. a) No, I haven't got. They're green,
dolphin — snail — spider — snake — giraffe — lion —
b) No, I haven't. They're green.
monkey — crocodile
4. a) Have a good time,
b) Yes, there is.
5. a) Yes, he has. в wing
b) Yes, he is.
i||:welfe:|js;.
6. a) No, she isn't.
b) She's got an exam tomorrow.
7. a) Yes, it is. f U Ш
b) It's in March.
8. a) No, she's an only child,
b) No, she's only a child.
9. a) Yes, I have,
О ' о

b) Thank you.
10. a) Yes, she's got a flat,
b) It's in the country. D ^
11. a) It's brown.
b) He's got a brown hair. fail
12. a) Sorry, I'm busy,
b) No, you haven't.

6 С") Прослушайте аудиозапись и распределите ^ „ ^


предметы и продукты, которые купила или не
купила Мэри на свой день рождения, по колон-
кам Yes или No.
О
46
F She has got three brothers.
When she's dirty she has a shower.

r 1. They . dinner at seven


o'clock.
2. They a big house.
3. When Tom is tired he a rest.
flipper 4. "I'm hungry!" - " a sand-
" О wich."
5K _ money
. you. ??

with you?" - "No, I __ _ a nice


6. "
girlfriend?" - "Yes, he
he ."
7. John a sandwich in his
bag.
8. Sue always. . a good time when
she's at a party.
9. "We're going to London for the weekend." —
" a good journey."
10. Pete short fair hair and blue
9 Напишите предложения, используя has got или eyes.
hasn't got и данные слова. Следуйте приведен- 11. .Kellyand Mick.
ной модели.
abighouse?" — "No, they ."
giraffe — legs — neck — sharp teeth 12. She toast and marmalade for
Л giraffe has got long legs and a long neck but it breakfast.
hasn't got sharp teeth.
11 Расставьте слова в нужном порядке и ответьте
1. spider — legs — web — wings на вопросы о себе. Следуйте приведенной мо-
дели.

in you What you got front have of ?


2. snail — soft body — shell — legs What have you got in front ofyou ?
I've got a computer in front of me.

3. crocodile — sharp teeth — tail — good reputa- 1. have What front you got in you of ?
tion

have behind got you What you ?


4. monkey — tail — claws ?

have How you fingers got many ?


5. dolphin — flippers — legs 9

colour you shoes have What got ?


6. snake — long, thin body — forked tongue — legs 9

house a you or got flat a Have ?


7. lion — mane — sharp teeth and claws — forked 9
tongue
a Have garden got you ?
9

10 Закончите предложения, используя has got/ your got brown mother Has eyes ?
have got или has/have. Следуйте приведенной 9
модели.

47
8. got Has big school a your gym ? 12. have your in school got bag you What ?
? ?

9. you hair got long Have ? 13. or you brothers Have got sisters ?
9 ?

10. eyes colour have What got you ? 14. your a car father got Has ?
? ?

11. bedrooms many your has house How got ? 15. you hand got have your What in ?
? ?
Местоимения some, any, no
SOME • ANY • NO

Some Местоимение some употребляется перед неисчисляемыми (нельзя посчи-


тать) существительными в утвердительных предложениях.

Единственное число Множественное число


She's got an English book. She's got some English books.
У нее есть книга на английском. У нее есть несколько книг на английском.
There's a horse in that field. There are some horses in that field.
На том поле находится лошадь. На том поле находится несколько лошадей.
Ап
У Местоимение any употребляется в вопросительных и отрицательных пред-
ложениях.
Единственное число Множественное число
She hasn't got an English book. She hasn't got any English books.
У нее нет книги на английском. У нее вообще нет книг на английском.
There isn't a bottle of coke. There aren't any bottles of coke.
Там нет бутылки кока-колы. Там вообще нет бутылок кока-колы.
Has she got an English book? Has she got any English books?
У нее есть книга на английском? У нее есть какие-нибудь книги на английском?
Is there a man here? Are there any men here?
Есть здесь мужчина? Есть здесь какие-нибудь мужчины?

N° В английском предложении может быть только одно отрицание. Местоиме-


ние по имеет отрицательное значение, поэтому глагол употребляется в ут-
вердительной форме.
Формы с any Формы с по
She hasn't got any English books. She has got no English books.
There aren't any bottles of coke. There are no bottles of coke.
There isn't any snow on that mountain. There is no snow on that mountain.

Закончите предложения, используя some или 2. Have you got warm socks?
any.
3. Is there snow on the mountains?
She's got some friends in that town. 4. Sam has got good video games.
There aren't any people here. 5. Jack hasn't got time to play.
6. There aren't apples on the table but
1. I've got pencils but I haven't got
there are pears.
pens.
4 Пршсгикум по английской грамматике, т. 1 49
7. There aren't. _ cinemas in that town, Закончите предложения, используя any или no.
Следуйте приведенной модели.
8. There are films on television this
week. She hasn't got any friends.
9. Are there good travel books? She's got no friends.
10. "Haveyougot. American friends?" —
"No, but I've got Canadian friends." 1. There is . time to talk.
11. Are there plums on the tree this year? 2. "Are there, _ letters for me?" - "No,
12. There aren't. chairs in that room. there are _ letters for you."
13. He's got . horrible ties! 3. There are _ chairs in that room.
14. There isn't milk in the fridge. 4. Are there _ flowers in the garden?
chewing gums?" 5. She's got _ money to spend.
15. "Have you got
sweets.' 6. He hasn't got. biscuits.
'No, but I've got.
7. There are pigs on that farm.
Напишите эти предложения с существитель- 8. There isn't juice in the bottle.
ными во множественном числе, следуя приве- 9. There's .ice in the fridge.
денной модели. 10. There aren't. people here today.
He's got a CD.
Напишите вопросы и ответы, как показано в
He's got some CDs.
образце.
Has she got a CD?
Has she got any CDs ? trees in the park? — Yes
There isn't a gym in this town. Are there any trees in the park?
There aren't any gyms in this town. Yes, there are some.
sheep in the field? — No
1. There's a car in the street. Are there any sheep in the field?
No, there aren 't any.
2. He's got an interesting book.
1. people in that room? No
3. Is there a postcard for me?

4. There isn't a pen on the table. 2. flowers on the table? Yes

5. Is there a woman in that room?


3. pictures on the wall? No
6. She hasn't got a dictionary.

7. There isn't a swimming pool in this area. 4. chairs round the table? No

8. We've got a good teacher.


5. boys in your class? Yes
9. There isn't a cinema in the town centre.

10. He's got a box in his hands. 6. cows on that farm? No

11. There's a good film on tonight.


7. shoes under your bed? No
12. Tom and Joe have got a sister.

13. Have you got a brother or sister? 8. sandwiches for me? Yes

14. There's an orange and an apple on the table.


9. apples in the basket? No
15. I've got a good friend.

50
10. elephants in that zoo? No 2. pepper?

3. cola?
5 Напишите вопросы и ответы, как показано в
образце.

apple juice in the fridge? Yes 4. marmalade?


Is there any apple juice in the fridge ?
Yes, there is some.
water in the glass? No 5. butter?
Is there any water in the glass ?
No, there isn't any.
6. pop corn?
1. coffee in the cup? No

7. dog food?
2. meat in the freezer? Yes

8. cheese?
3. snow on the mountain? N o

4. milk on the table? Yes 9. spaghetti?

5. tea in the tin? No 10. chocolate?

6. ham in the fridge? No


?

7. sugar in the cup? Yes


?

8. ice in the freezer? Yes


?

9. beer in your glass? No


?

10. water in the bath? No


?

6 Рассмотрите картинку. Напишите вопросы и


ответы,как показано в образце.

flour?
Is there any flour? — Yes, there is some flour in the 7 Перепишите отрицательные ответы, исполь-
cupboard. зуя no.
beer?
There is no beer.
Is there any beer? — No, there isn't any.
1.
1. milk?
? 2.
3.

51
4. I o f ) Рассмотрите картинку еще раз. Прослушайте
5. аудиозапись и подчеркните правильные отве-
ты, следуя приведенной модели.
8 Рассмотрите картинку снова. Напишите вопро- a) Yes, there are some.
сы и ответы, как показано в образце.
b) Yes, there is some.
keys?
1. a) No, there aren't any.
Are there any keys?
b) Yes, there are some.
Yes, there are some keys on the cupboard.
2. a) Yes, there are some,
science books?
b) Yes, there is.
Are there any science books?
3. a) No, there aren't any.
No, there aren 't any.
b) Yes, there are some.
1. history books? 4. a) No, they aren't.
? b) No, there aren't any.
5. a) Yes, there is some,
2. posters? b) No, there isn't any.
? 6. a) Yes, there is some,
b) Yes, there are some.
3. plants in the room? 7. a) No, there isn't any.
? b) No, on the table.
8. a) There's some on the table,
4. eggs? b) Yes, on the table.
9 9. a) No, there isn't,
b) No, it isn't.
5. biscuits? 10. a) Yes, there are.
? b) Yes, they are some.
11. a) Yes, there are some,
6. corn flakes? b) Yes, there is some.
9 12. a) It's on the table.
b) They're on the table.
7. bananas?
__ ? II Прослушайте аудиозапись. Если утверждение
верно, то поставьте после номера букву Т —
true (правильно), если нет, то букву F — false
8. cups and saucers? (неправильно).
?
Т F
9. plates? 1. 2.
? 3. 4.
5. 6.
10. carrots? 7. 8.
? 9. 10.
11. 12.

9 Перепишите отрицательные ответы, исполь- 1 2 ( f ) Прослушайте аудиозапись еще раз, если это
зуя по. необходимо, и исправьте неправильные утвер-
ждения. Следуйте приведенной модели.
There are по science books.
There are some CDs between the cola and the books.
1.
2. ~ 1.
3. 2.
4. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 3.
5. 4.
5.
6.
Притяжательный падеж существительных •
Вопросительное слово l/W?ose
GENITIVE FORM WITH 'S • WHOSE

Притяжательный падеж существительных обозначает принадлежность пред-


мета лицу или предмету.
В единственном числе к существительному прибавляется апостроф и буква
s: -'s.
Во множественном числе к существительному прибавляется только апост-
роф: - ' .

Единственное число Множественное число


This is the boy's bike. These are the boys' bikes.
Это велосипед мальчика. Это велосипеды мальчиков.
Whose bike is it? — It's the boy's. Whose bikes are they? — They're the boys'.
Чей это велосипед? — Мальчика. Чьи это велосипеды? — Мальчиков.
That's Sue's book. Those are Sue's books.
Это книга принадлежит Сью. Те книги принадлежат Сью.
Whose book is it? — It's Sue's. Whose books are they? — They're Sue's.
Чья это книга? — Книга принадлежит Сью. Чьи это книги? — Они принадлежат Сью.

• Если слово заканчивается на -s (Jones), то добавляется апостроф — '


(Jones') или 's(Jones's):
Mr Jones' car / Mr Jones's car is in front of his house.
Машина господина Джоунза находится перед его домом.
Whose car is it? — It's Mr Jones'. / It's Mr Jones's.
Чья эта машина? — ГЬсподина Джоунза.
• Если говорится о двух людях, т о ' s ставится после второго имени:
George is Sam and Mary's son.
Джордж является сыном Сэма и Мэри.
• Если существительное во множественном числе является исключением и
не имеет буквы s, то добавляем's:

Единственное число Множественное число


This is the man's coat. These are the men's coats.
Это пальто принадлежит мужчине. Эти пальто принадлежат мужчинам.
Whose coat is it? - It's the man's coat. Whose coats are they? — They're the men's.
Чье это пальто? — Это пальто мужчины. Чьи эти пальто? — Они принадлежат мужчинам.
This is the child's book. These are the children's books.
Это книга ребенка. Эти книги принадлежат детям.
Whose book is it? - It's the child's. Whose books are they? — They're the children's.
Чья эта книга? — Это книга ребенка. Чьи эти книги? — Они принадлежат детям.

53
1 Рассмотрите генеалогическое древо семьи. Прочитайте текст и вставьте пропущенные имена.

Jill and Tony are married, so Tony is Jill's husband and 3 Рассмотрите генеалогическое древо семьи из
упражнения 1 и закончите предложения, ис-
Jill is Tony's wife. Their daughter's name is Carol and
пользуя слова из упражнения 2.
their sons' names are Chris and John. Carol is married,
her husband's name is Bill. Carol and Bill's son is Ricky. Jill is Tony's wife.
John is married too. His wife's name is Sue. They've
got two children, a boy and a girl. Their daughter's name 1. Tony is Carol's
is Sally and their son's name is Brian. 2. Ricky is Carol and Bill's
3. Sally is Sue and John's
2 Заполните таблицу, используя данные слова. 4. Brian is Sally's _____
Будьте внимательны: четыре слова из этой 5. Ricky is Sally and Brian's
таблицы лишние!

wife — daughter — aunt — grandparents — father — 6. Tony is Sally, Brian and Ricky's
parents — nephew — cousin — grandmother — sister —
grandson — grandchildren 7. Jill is Sally, Brian and Ricky's

man woman 8. Chris is Ricky's


1. husband wife 9. Carol is Brian's
2. mother 10. Tony and Jill are Sally, Brian and Ricky's
3. son
4. brother 11. Bill and Carol are Ricky's
5. grandfather 12. Sally, Brian, Ricky and Tony are Jill's
6. granddaughter
7. niece
8. uncle 4 Рассмотрите генеалогическое древо семьи.
Прослушайте аудиозапись и вставьте пропущен-
Напишите четыре слова, которые могут отно-
ные имена.
ситься и к мужскому, и к женскому роду.

1. 2. Diane — Linda — Greg — Barbara — Simon —


3. 4. Sharon — Mark — David

5 Составьте предложения, как в образце. 2. George / Sharon


Linda / George
3. Linda / Shirley
Linda is George's wife.
1. George / L i n d a 4. George / Mark

54
5. Linda and George / Mark, David, Shirley and 3. .dog.
Barbara
4. . boots are they?

6. Mark/Shirley 5. cat

7. Shirley / David 6. stereo

8. Simon / David 7. skis

9. Diane / Barbara 8. Jacket.

10. Linda/David
8 Снова рассмотрите картинку и составьте воп-
11. Greg / George росы, как показано в образце. Ответьте на воп-
росы.

12. Sharon / George Kelly / d o g


Is it Kelly's dog? No, it isn't. It's Ricky's.
13. David / Barbara and Shirley Ricky / dog?
Is it Ricky's dog? Yes, it is.
6 ( f ) Прослушайте аудиозапись. Если утверждение 1. Mark/stereo?
верно, то после номера поставьте букву Т
(true — правильно), если нет, то букву F(false 2. Thomas / skis?
неправильно).

Т 3. Ricky / c a t ?
1. 2.
3. 4. 4. Kelly/jacket?
5. 6.
7. 8. 5. Sue/boots?
9. 10.
11. 12. 6. David/bike?
13. 14.
15. 16. 7. Mark / computer?

Рассмотрите картинку и найдите, что кому 8. Jill/skis?


принадлежит. Закончите предложения, ис-
пользуя картинку.
9. Jenny/bike?

10. Thomas / jacket?

Напишите предложения с существительными


во множественном числе, следуя приведенной
модели.

This is the boy's book.


These are the boys' books.

1. This is the girl's bag.

2. That is the secretary's office.

1. Whose bike is it? — It's Jenny's. 3. This is the woman's jacket.


2. computer
4. This is the director's parking space.

55
5. That's the dog's biscuit. 9. Jenny's mother's from Switzerland.

6. That's the man's car. 10. Sue's new boyfriend's nice. He's got blue eyes.

7. This is the teacher's room.


12 Расставьте слова в нужном порядке.
8. This is the child's doll. front Whose house is of car John's in ?
Whose car is in front of John's house ?
9. This is my sister's book.
1. is wife Joe's Mary.
10. That is the student's locker.
2. is brother student a Jack's.

10 Закончите предложения, используя who, who's 3. is bag on desk the Whose that ?
или whose.
4. bike garage the in The Peter's is.
Who's that man? — It's John Brown.
Whose scarf is this? — It's Joe's. 5. in shoes are cupboard the Whose ?
Who has got my pen? — Mary has.

1. keys are these? — They're my keys. 6. friendly are dogs very Bob's.
2. are those men? — They're the man-
agers. 7. are video these games Whose ?
3. that girl? — It's Sally.
4. dictionary is this? — It's Kelly's. 8. are books bag her in school Katy's.
5. your favourite actor? — Mel Gibson.
6. . isn't here? — Harry isn't. 9. brother Are Chris' you ?
7. got your book? — Tom has.
8. bag is this? — It's Diane's. 10. American Claire's Is husband ?

11 Напишите предложения в полной форме, об-


ращая внимание на правильное использование 13(~)Прослушайте аудиозапись и подчеркните
is, has и л и ' s . предложения, которые вы слышите.

Don's dog's got a bone. It's happy. a) Is he Harry's friend?


Don's dog has got a bone. It is happy. b) He is Harry's friend.
1. a) This is Paul's brother.
1. Ann's hat's green.
b) These are Paul's brothers.
2. a) Who's sister is she?
2. Where's John's school bag?
b) Whose sister is she?
3. a) There are the dog's toys,
3. Carol's sister's four. b) These are the dog's toys.
4. a) Jean is John's cousin,
4. Sue's got Kim's walkman. b) John's Jean's cousin.
5. a) Those are the managers' offices,
5. Ricky's brother's afraid of big dogs. b) That's the manager's office.
6. a) There are Joe's shoes,
6. My mother's father's name's Sam. b) Where are Joe's shoes?
7. a) There's a man in Dr Brown's waiting room,
7. Who's got Pete's phone number? — Sally's got it. b) Here's a man in Dr Brown's waiting room.
8. a) Whose bike is that?
b) Who's on that bike?
8. It's Vicky's birthday today. She's got a new bike 9. a) He's Helen's cousin,
from her father. b) She's Helen's cousin.
10. a) There are Bob's sisters,
b) They are Bob's sisters.
-Jhlllill

UNIT XIII I Повторение и о б о б щ е н и е (Разделы 7 - 1 2 )


CONSOLIDATION • UNITS 7 - 1 2

УПРАЖНЕНИЯ

Напишите время словами. 2. "When is the next computer lesson?" —


1. 6.25 a.m. 2. 7.45 p.m. January 7th, half past eight the
3. 1.00 a.m. 4. 9.35 p.m. evening."
5. 3.05 a.m. 6. 7.55 p.m. 3. Bob is always at home Sunday evenings.
7. 10.30 a.m. 8. 1.15 p.m. 4. Shakespeare died 1616.
9. 4.10 p.m. 10. 5.10 p.m. 5. They are never at home the weekends.
6. The garden is beautiful _ .springbut it's sad
1. It's twenty-five past six in the morning. autumn.
2. 7. "When's his birthday?" April, _ _ _
3. the first, to be precise." — "Oh, so he's an April
4. Fool!"
5. 8. He lives near a discotheque and there's always a
6. lot of noise night, especially Sat-
7. urday night.
8. 9. You can see the mountains from here. They are
9. fantastic winter when there's snow on
10. them.
10. He was born 25th August, 1989.
Напишите, где вы обычно находитесь в указан-
ное время (упражнение 1) по субботам. 4 Прочитайте вопросы. Прослушайте аудиоза-
пись и кратко ответьте на вопросы.
1. I'm usually in bed at 6.25 on Saturday morning.
2. When's Julie's favourite programme? — At 6.30
3. p.m., on Mondays.
4. What day is it today? — Sunday.
5.
6. 1. What time is it now?
7.
What time is their train?
9.
10. 2. When's Lindsay's birthday?

What's the date when the boy asks about Lind-


Закончите предложения, используя предлоги
at, on или in. say's birthday?

"When are you going to Switzerland?" — "On 3. When has Mark got guitar lessons?
April 2nd, my plane's at seven o'clock in the
evening." 4. What's Carol's favourite day?
1. Please be punctual Thursday morning, the
5. When was Galileo born?
bus leaves half past six.

57
6. What date is the Japanese 'Boys' Festival'? 1. Are there any books on the shelf?

7. When are the next Olympic Games? 2. Are there any clothes on the bed?

8. What time is Sally there? 3. Where's the dress?

4. Are there any CDs on the floor?


5 Рассмотрите картинку, изображающую комна-
ту Кэти. Подбери к буквам (от А до V) соответ- 5. Is there a keyboard in front of the computer?
ствующие слова.

mirror — shelf — can of cola — shoes — window — 6. Where are the jeans?
keyboard — poster — carpet — alarm clock — personal
CD player — wardrobe — shirt — curtains — dress — 7. Are there any posters on the wall?
wastepaper basket — magazines — bedside table —
sweater — doll — school bag — floor — hairbrush 8. What is the wastepaper basket full of?

. Is there a mirror near the window?

1С . Where's the carpet?

1 1 . Where's the bedside table?

i: . Where's the cat?

Составьте вопросы, как показано в образце, и


ответьте на них. И с п о л ь з у й т е правильные
предлоги и правильную форму глагола (един-
ственное или множественное число).

curtains / window?
Are there any curtains on the window?
Yes, there are.
stereo / room?
Is there a stereo in the room ?
No, there isn't.
Where / CDs?
A. L. Where are the CDs?
B. M. They're on the bed.
C. N. 1. jacket / chair?
D. O. ?

E. P.
F. Q. 2. Where/jeans?
G. R. ?
H. s.
I. T. 3. c a t / b e d ?
J. u. ?
K. V. shelf
4. shoes / bed?
6 Рассмотрите картинку снова и ответьте на воп- ?
росы.

Are there any curtains on the window? — Yes, 5. Where / school bag?
there are.
Where are the CDs? — They're on the bed.
58
6. pencils / computer desk? 9. a) Yes, there are.
? b) Yes, they are.
10. a) No, there aren't,
7. Where / magazines? b) No, there isn't.
? 11. a) It's a C D player,
b) There's a chair.
8. shirt / wardrobe? 12. a) They're under the bed.
9
b) There are under the bed.

9. Where/lamp? 9 Рассмотрите слова (от 1 до 12) и таблицу. За-


? кончите таблицу сведениями о себе. Составь-
те вопросы и ответьте на них, как показано в
10. posters / walls? образце.
? Sue a n d Bob YES NO YES NO
Mark NO NO NO YES
11. Where/bed? Lindsay YES YES NO YES
9 You _

12. chair / computer? computer / Sue and Bob?


9 Have Sue and Bob got a computer?
Yes, they have.
13. Where/cat? computer / Mark?
? Has Mark got a computer?
No, he hasn't.
14. Where / personal CD player? you / computer?
9 Have you got a computer?
Yes, I have. / No, I haven't.
15. people / r o o m ? 1. Sue and Bob / skateboard?
? 9

16. Where / hairbrush? 2. Lindsay / bike?


? 9

3. Mark / stereo?
8 Г") Прослушайте аудиозапись и подчеркните пра-
9
вильные ответы.

a) It's on the bedside table. 4. you / stereo?


b) Yes, there is. 9

1. a) Yes, there is.


b) Yes, it is. 5. Sue and Bob / personal C D player?
2. a) Yes, there's one on the bed. 9
b) Yes, they are.
3. a) Yes, there is. 6. Lindsay / computer?
b) It's near the wardrobe. 9
4. a) Yes, it is.
b) Yes, there is. 7. Mark / mobile phone?
5. a) They're on the carpet, 9
b) There are on the carpet.
6. a) They're some clothes and a school bag. 8. you / skateboard?
b) There are some clothes and a school bag. 9
7. a) It's between the wardrobe and the bed.
b) Yes, there's near the bed. 9. Sue and Bob / mobile phone?
8. a) No, there aren't any. 9
b) No, there isn't any.

59
10. Lindsay / stereo? 3. horse?
?

11. Mark / personal C D player? 4. towel?


?

12. you / mobile phone? 5. tubes of paint?


?

6. football boots?
10 Рассмотрите картинки и составьте вопросы и
ответы, как показано в образце.

swimming goggles? 7. chessboard?


Whose swimming goggles are they?
They're Carol's.
paintbrush? 8. camera?
Whose paintbrush is it?
It's Mike's.
1. ball? 9. swimming costume?

2. adventure books? 10. shorts?

Mike

Carol

60
11. saddle? 5. There aren't any good films on TV.

6. I've got no money to spend.


12. helmet?

13 Закончите предложения, используя правиль-


ные формы глаголов to be, to have got или to
13. windsurfboard? have. Следуйте приведенной модели.

When Jack is tired he has a rest: he has got a com-


14. video games? fortable armchair.
1. When Julie and Sue . dirty, they
a shower.
15. motorbike? 2. "What you. in
your hands?" — " I . .a good book
about the history of this town. I
interested in history."
11 Закончите предложения, используя местоиме- 3. "I hungry!" - " H e r e ,
ния some или any.
. an apple."
"Is there any hot water for a bath?" — "Yes, there 4. 'There Sam's party this
is some. evening. 55—CC . a good time!"
5. " there any milk in the
1. "Are there people in the street?" — fridge?" - "Yes, there some."
55
"Yes, there are. 6. She . three brothers.
2. There aren't . oranges but there are 7. "We're flying to Spain tomorrow. «

tangerines. a good journey."


3. "Are there ham sandwiches? " — "No, " there any letters for me?" —
there aren't but there are "No, there (negative) , but I
cheese rolls." two.'
4. She hasn't got _ brothers or sisters, she's 9. When he. .thirsty he.
an only child. . a drink of water.
5. Look! There are big, black clouds in 10. They.
" a holiday in June.
the sky.
6. She's got . good books to read during 14 Решите кроссворд.
the holidays. По горизонтали
7. I've got good news for you.
8. "Have you got . Harry Potter 1. This is a large black object in the classroom.
books?" - "Yes, I've got ."
6. This is big, yellow and bright in the sky.
12 Переделайте предложения, используя место-
имения по или any. Следуйте приведенной мо- 8. This is from the sky and it's wet!
дели.

She hasn't got any time for her hobbies. 9. Have you got a letter for me,
She's got no time for her hobbies. 11. It is usually hot summer.
There is no milk in the fridge. 12. My sister and I are good friends.
There isn't any milk in the fridge. have got a lot in common.
13. Sally is American. is from New York.
1. There aren't any people in the street. 15. This bird is often on farms, it loves water.

2. Harry's got no friends in this town. 18. George isn't good, he's
20. This animal is often on farms, it's usually white
3. The dog's got no food. but it can be black. Its babies are lambs.

4. She hasn't got any English books. 21. What time it?
24. The colour of leaves.

61
25. "Where are my shoes?" 6. This is white, soft and cold. It is on high moun-
the cupboard." tains and sometimes in the towns in winter.
26. Joe isn't short, he's
28. You've often got 7. His computer isn't old, it's
on your hands in winter. 10. She isn't happy, she's
32. Your grandfather's daughter is your 11. At 0° C, water is
34. They've got son, his name's 14. George and brother are engineers.
David. 16. Go to the on the cor-
35. Some expressions are with "to have", others are ner and get some bread and a packet of tea, please.
with "to " e.g. "to " 17. Some shops are on Sundays.
afraid of something. 18. This object is round and necessary when you play
36. This car isn't fast, it's tennis, golf, basketball etc.
38. "Have you got time for me?" 19. This animal is very friendly. It's called 'man's best
" , I have." friend'
39. There's elephant in the park! 22. The colour of the sun.
40. "Who are those ?" 23. There are forks and spoons on the table, but no
They're Mr Black and Mr Brown." There are some sharp
41. Katy and Sarah are my sister's daughters. They're ones in the drawer.
my 25. "What time is ?"
26. "It's for a break."
П о вертикали 27. It's not early, it's
1. These are usually coloured on the covers and 29. "Where are my keys?'
black and white inside. They are very heavy in They're the table.'
your school bag. 30. These are on your feet.
2. This fruit is round and sweet. It's green and/or 31. These trousers are usually blue and very practi-
red. It's an cal
3. This part of the body is in the middle of your leg. 33. You've got two of these near your nose. They're
blue, green, grey or brown.
4. there any people in that room?
5. "I'm thirsty!" - "Have a !" 37. Joe is my friend.. 's a teacher, too.

1 2 3 4 5 дев 6 7

8
: :1 111
9 10

11 12
• У:
13 14 15 16 17

18 19 20

21 22 23

24 25

26 27
' _.
::
28 29 30 31

32 33 34 35

36
ipf
37 38 llljlll 39

40 41
Повелительное наклонение выражает побуждение к действию, просьбу,
приказ. Глагол в повелительном наклонении употребляется только в фор-
ме 2 - г о лица.
Утвердительная форма повелительного наклонения совпадает с основой
глагола (инфинитива) без частицы to.
Translate! (Переведи!)

Отрицательная форма образуется при помощи вспомогательного глагола


to do в повелительном наклонении, за которым следует отрицание not и
инфинитив смыслового глагола без частицы to.
Do not translate! (He переводи!)

Для выражения вежливой просьбы в побудительном предложении добав-


ляется слово please.

Translate, please. (Переведи, пожалуйста.)


Утвердительные п р е д л о ж е н и я Отрицательные п р е д л о ж е н и я
Be quiet, please! Don't run!
Спокойно! He беги!
Come on! Don't chew in class!
Идем! He жуй в классе!
Sit down, please! Don't go, please!
Садись, пожалуйста! He ходи туда, пожалуйста!

Побуждение к действию, обращенное к 1 -му и 3-му лицу единственного и мно-


жественного числа, выражается сочетанием глагола to let в форме повели-
тельного наклонения и инфинитива смыслового глагола без частицы to.
Let me speak. (Дай мне сказать.)

В разговорной речи местоимение 1 -го лица множественного числа в объек-


тном падеже (us) сокращается и сливается с глаголом to let (let us = let's).
Let's play. (Давайте играть.)

Утвердительные п р е д л о ж е н и я Отрицательные п р е д л о ж е н и я
Let's go to the cinema. Let's not go to the cinema.
Давайте пойдем в кино. Давайте не пойдем в кино.
Let's have a rest. Let's not stop now.
Давайте отдохнем. Давайте не останавливаться сейчас.

63
УПРАЖНЕНИЯ

1 Переделайте предложения в утвердительной 10. Don't study before the exam!


форме повелительного наклонения в отрица-
тельную форму и наоборот.
11. Play with matches!
Go away!
Don't go away! 12. Arrive late for lessons!
Don't answer me!
Answer me! 13. Open the door before the train stops!
1. Stop eating, please.
14. Don't clean your room, please.
2. Don't hurry up!
15. Speak while the teacher is explaining some-
3. Don't get up! thing.

4. Run in the corridor! 16. Don't answer me.

5. Throw rubbish in the river! 17. Be late for school tomorrow morning.

6. Don't open the door for me, please. 18. Don't put your books away at the end of the lesson.

7. Put your feet on the desk! 19. Don't remember to send me a postcard.

8. Don't switch on the machine! 20. Wipe your dirty hands on your shirt.

9. Touch the back of the machine! 21. Don't tidy your bedroom, please.

2 ^ ^ Подберите к каждому предложению из левой колонки подходящее предложение из правой колонки в


повелительном наклонении. Прослушайте аудиозапись и проверьте себя.

1. It's late! a) Phone him and ask. 1-7


2. It's hot in here! b) Go to the dentist's! 2. _
3. I'm too fat! c) Switch on the light. 3. _
4. It's cold in here. d) Put up your umbrella. 4. _
5. The bus is coming! e) Don't drink it. 5. _
6. This coffee is horrible! f) Take an aspirin. 6. _
7. It's raining! g) Run to the bus stop! 7. _
8. I've got toothache! h) Go on a diet! 8. _
9. It's dark in here. i) Open a window, 9. _
10. I've got a headache! j) Hurry up! 10. _
11. I don't know where Tom is. k) Close the window. 11.

3 Подберите подходящие картинки к предложе-


В
ниям в повелительном наклонении.

Draw a house! — Open the door! — Look! — Be quiet! —


sit down, please! — Write your name! — Stand up! — Go
right! — Go left! — Listen!

A
В

64
e c j W ^
-Jf A?. ^

н
3 д

с
л р

о
1
D
Е
F
G С ж ^ Щ ъ
H
I
J

4 ^ Р а с с м о т р и т е картинки снова. Прослушайте


аудиозапись и пронумеруйте картинки в том
10
порядке, в каком вы слышите.
б) Подберите к следующим предложениям со-
ответствующие им предложения в повелитель-
5 Рассмотрите картинки. Затем:
ном наклонении.
а) Подберите подходящие картинки к предло-
жениям в отрицательной форме повелительно-
го наклонения. Keep your dog on its lead when you're in other people's
fields — It can cause a fire in the woods — The animals
Don't swim in the river — Don't light open fires in the
can get out — Walk around the sides of the field — You
woods — Don't walk across afieldof grain — Don't leave
can fall over the cliff! — Other people or animals can cut
gates open in the country — Don't go too near the edge
themselves — Take your rubbish home when you have a
Don't ski here — Don't leave broken bottles — Don't
picnic — There's the danger of avalanches! — It isn't
throw rubbish away — Don't pick fruit — Don't let your
dog chase animals your fruit! — The currents are strong and it's dangerous!

1. Don't leave gates open in the country.


The animals can get out.
2.

3.

3.

5 Практикум по английской грамматике, т. 1 65


Non-smoking table!
Столик для некурящих

Подберите к предложениям из левой колонки подходящие предложения из правой колонки.

1. Carol is late again! a) Let's stay at home. 1. g


2. It's my birthday next Saturday. b) Let's go to a restaurant. 2.
3. There's nothing on TV tonight! c) Let's go to that caffi and have something to drink. 3.
4. I'm thirsty! d) Let's buy him a good CD. 4.
5. It's a beautiful, warm evening! e) Let's have a party! 5.
6. We're on holiday next week. f) Let's go by train. 6.
7. I'm too tired to go out this evening. g) Let's not wait for her. 7.
8. I don't want to cook tonight. h) Let's not invite Jane to the party. 8.
9. Sue and Jane don't like each other. i) Let's go camping in the Lake District. 9.
10. It's Jack's birthday next week. j) Let's rent a video cassette! 10.
11. It's a long way to drive to Scotland. k) Let's have a barbeque in the garden! 11.
7 Расставьте предложения в нужном порядке, с) Good idea.
чтобы получился связный диалог. Следуйте Welllet>s „ 0 o n а d i e t i n t h e N e w Y e a r.
приведенной модели.
I am too! Let's go on a diet.
a) Let's go to the cinema. I'm too fat!
There's nothing on TV tonight! OK, but not now. It's Christmas next week. Let's
Good idea! not go on a diet at Christmas!
Let's stay at home and watch a videocassette.
1.
No, it's too cold to go out.
2.
1. There's nothing on TV tonight! 3.
2. 4.
3. 5.
4.
5. d) Let's get him a CD.
Oh, dear! I don't know!
Ь) Now that's a great idea! No, he doesn't like reading.
OK. Let's go to Spain. Let's get him a book.
Oh, no! Scotland is beautiful but the weather is
OK. What kind of music does he like?
always terrible!
What can we get Jim for his birthday?
Let's go to Scotland.
Where do you want to go on holiday? 1.
2.
3.
2. Let's go to Scotland.
4.
3.
5.
4.
6.
5.
Модальные глаголы can/can't • Краткие ответы
CAN/CAN'T • SHORT ANSWERS

М о д а л ь н ы й глагол c a n используется, когда мы г о в о р и м о б у м е н и и что-либо


делать. После модальных глаголов не у п о т р е б л я е т с я частица to.
1 can s p e a k English. (Я могу г о в о р и т ь п о - а н г л и й с к и . )

Д л я в ы р а ж е н и я н е с п о с о б н о с т и с о в е р ш и т ь к а к о е - т о д е й с т в и е или запрета
и с п о л ь з у е т с я форма c a n ' t .
1 can't speak English. (Я не могу г о в о р и т ь п о - а н г л и й с к и . )

В о п р о с и т е л ь н а я ф о р м а модальных глаголов о б р а з у е т с я без п о м о щ и вспо-


могательных глаголов.
Сап 1 s p e a k English? ( М о г у я г о в о р и т ь п о - а н г л и й с к и ? )

В вежливых просьбах употребляется с л о в о p l e a s e .


Сап 1 b o r r o w your bike, please?
Можно мне взять твой велосипед?
Yes, you can, but be careful!
Да, можно, но будь осторожен!
M u m , can 1 go out tonight, please?
Мам, можно мне погулять вечером?
No, you can't. You've got school t o m o r r o w .
Нет, нельзя. Тебе завтра в школу.

Утвердительные предложения Отрицательные предложения

1 can speak English. 1 c a n ' t speak English.


Я могу говорить по-английски. Я не могу говорить по-английски.
You can swim very well. You c a n ' t swim very well.
Ты умеешь очень хорошо плавать. Ты не умеешь плавать очень хорошо.
Не can ride a bike. Не c a n ' t ride a bike.
Он умеет кататься на велосипеде. Он не умеет кататься на велосипеде.
She can play the piano. She c a n ' t play t h e piano.
Она может играть на пианино. Она не может играть на пианино.
It can play. It c a n ' t play.
Оно может играть. Оно не может играть.
We can go out. We c a n ' t go out.
Мы можем выйти. Мы не можем выйти.
You can climb a mountain. You c a n ' t climb a mountain.
Ты можешь взобраться на гору. Ты не можешь взобраться на гору.
They can drive. They c a n ' t drive.
Они могут водить машину. Они не могут водить машину.

67
Вопросительные предложения Краткие ответы

Can I speak English? Yes, y o u can. / N o , y o u c a n ' t .


Могу я говорить по-английски? Да, можете. /Нет, не можете.
Can you swim? Yes, 1 can. / N o , 1 c a n ' t .
Ты умеешь плавать? Да, умею. /Нет, не умею.
Can he ride a bike? Yes, he can. / N o , he c a n ' t .
Он умеет ездить на велосипеде? Да, умеет. /Нет, не умеет.
Can she play the piano? Yes, she can. / N o , she c a n ' t .
Она может играть на пианино? Да, может. /Нет, не может.
Can it play? Yes, it can. / N o , it c a n ' t .
Оно может играть? Да, может. /Нет, не может.
Can we go out? Yes, y o u can. / N o , y o u c a n ' t .
Мы можем выйти? Да, можете. /Нет, не можете.
Can you climb a mountain? Yes, we can. / N o , w e c a n ' t .
Вы можете взобраться на гору? Да, можем. /Нет, не можем.
Can they drive? Yes, they can. / N o , they c a n ' t .
Они могут водить машину? Да, могут. /Нет, не могут.

С вопросительными словами:
What can we do? — You can watch a film.
Чем нам заняться? — Вы можете посмотреть фильм.
Where c a n 1 find bread? -- You can find s o m e in the bakery.
Где я могу купить хлеб? — Вы можете купить хлеб в булочной.
How m a n y people can c o m e to the party? — Not many, the house is small.
Сколько людей могут прийти на вечер? — Немного, дом небольшой.

УПРАЖНЕНИЯ
1 Заполните таблицу информацией о себе. Со- 1. Kate / use a computer?
ставьте вопросы и ответьте на них. Используй- 9
те модальный глагол сап, как показано в об-
разце.
2. Bob / swim 100 metres?
Bob Kate Joe and Ann You 9
play the v i o l i n YES NO NO
use a computer YES NO YES 3. Joe and Ann / roller skate?
speak Spanish NO YES NO 9

draw well NO YES YES


swim 100 metres YES NO YES 4. You / dance well?

Bob Kate Joe and Ann You


run a kilometre YES NO NO 5. Kate / dance well?
ride a horse NO NO YES 9
roller skate YES YES NO
dance well NO YES NO 6. Bob / ride a horse?
cook YES NO YES 9

Bob / play the violin?


7. Joe and Ann / ride a horse?
Can Bob play the violin ? 9
Yes, he can.
Joe and Ann / play the violin? 8. You / speak Spanish?
Can Joe and Ann play the violin ? 9
No, they can't.
You / play the violin? 9. Bob / draw well?
Can you play the violin ? 9
Yes, lean. / No, I can't.

68
10. Kate / swim 100 metres? 2. Harry play Chris Can and golf ? (yes)
9 9

11. You / run a kilometre? 3. high do the Can jump Larry ? (no)

12. Joe and Ann / cook? 4. Pete photos take good Can ? (no)

13. Kate/cook? 5. out Sarah tonight go Can ? (yes)

6. English Can speak they ? (no)


14. You / roller skate?

7. you the do tomorrow shopping Can ? (yes)


15. Kate / speak Spanish?

8. very dance Can well Ann ? (no)


Снова рассмотрите таблицу из упражнения 1 и
закончите предложения, как показано в образце.
9. Vicky volleyball play Can ? (yes)
Bob can play the violin but he can't speak Spanish.

1. Bob can 10. Joe Can karate do ? (yes)


but he can't.
2. Bob can but
11. scooters Kim Frank ride and Can ? (yes)
3. Kate but she

4. Kate .but 12. you Can underwater swim ? (no)

5. Kate but

6. Joe and Ann .but they 4 Напишите подходящие слова рядом с цифрами,
которыми на картинке обозначены части тела.
7. Joe and Ann but

8. Joe and Ann but

9. I but

10. I but

3 Расставьте слова в нужном порядке. Ответьте


на вопросы, о б р а щ а я внимание на слова в
скобках.

sing Mary well very Can ? (no)


Can Maty sing very well?
No, she can't.
1. Can cook Carol cake a ? (no)
nose — tongue — ears — feet — eyes — teeth
mouth — hands — head — legs
69
1. 2 play the guitar — drive a car — swim — ski — speak
3. 4 german — cook — use a computer — paint — ride a
5. 6 bike — run fast
7. 8
1.
9. 10
2.
5 Напишите подходящие слова, обозначающие 3.
действие, рядом со словами, обозначающими 4.
части тела. 5.
6.
smell — touch — laugh — walk — watch television —
7. 1
run — taste food — look at things — hear — chew —
dance — listen to music — open a door — cry — speak —
9.
kiss — bite — kick a ball — carry things — think —
10.
sing — lick ice cream — write — jump

Head: think
Nose:
Eyes:

Tongue:

Mouth:

Teeth:
Ears:
Hands:

Legs and feet:

Напишите 15 предложений о том, какие дей-


ствия вы можете выполнять с помощью различ-
ных частей тела. Используйте модальный гла-
гол сап, как показано в образце.

lean think with ту head.


8
1.
2.
3.
4. ftykjhe
1 :i
Д >-J\
5.
6. 16
o "
7.
8. 8 Прослушайте аудиозапись. Поставьте галочку
9. рядом с к а р т и н к а м и , о б о з н а ч а ю щ и м и д е й -
10. ствия, которые Марк может выполнять.

11.
9 Прослушайте аудиозапись снова, если это не-
12. обходимо. Закончите предложения, используя
13. модальные глаголы can/can't и данные слова.
14. Следуйте приведенной модели.
15. paint — run — speak - do — ride go — play —
cook — speak — ice-skate
Рассмотрите картинки. Подберите к картинкам
подходящие слова, обозначающие действие. Mark can do a lot of research using the the Internet.
70
1. Mark's old car. very fast. 8. You need to go to the airport.Your friend has got
2. He . a bike but he uses the car a car.
in winter.
3. Mark fast. 9. You need bread.Your friend is going shopping.
4. He . quite well. He goes to
the ice-rink twice a month. 10. You're hot. Your friend is near the window.
5. He German but he
. French quite well. 11. It's dark in the room. Your friend is near the light
6. He _ the guitar and he switch.
very well.
7. He 12. There's a concert on Saturday. Your friend is go-
He's a disaster in the kitchen. ing to the ticket office.

10 Составьте вопросы (по ситуациям), используя


модальный глагол сап и данные слова и сло- 11 f ) Прослушайте аудиозапись диалогов. Заполни-
восочетания. Следуйте приведенной модели. те пропуски, используя модальный глагол сап/
can't и/или данные глаголы.
use me a lift to the airport
explain the phone A. use — water ski — swim
pass one bag for me JULIE: .you.
get home early underwater, Jim?
help a ticket for me too JIM: Yes, I , but not very far.
borrow a pencil JULIE: N O , I mean,. you
buy the question . a snorkel?
go your english dictionary JIM: N O , I but I
carry some bread for me you?
open the salt
B. bring — borrow — come — bring
switch on me with my homework
borrow the grammar point again SUE: . you.
repeat the light to my party next Saturday?
give the window BOB: A party! Great! Yes, I can.
You are at the table and the salt is near Sue. I a friend with me?
SUE: Who is it?
Can you pass the salt, please ?
Вов: My Australian friend, Tom.
You haven't got a pencil and your friend has two.
SUE: Oh, yes. He's nice. You
Can I borrow a pencil, please ?
definitely him. By the way,
1. You are at a friend's house and you want to phone have you got any good CDs I ?
home. Вов: Sure.
C. {on the phone) explain — come — cycle — come —
2. You don't know the meaning of a word in English.
help — do — be — tell
You haven't got a dictionary but your friend has.
PETE: Help!
3. You are at school and you aren't well, you want SALLY: What's the matter?
to go home early. PETE: I this
maths problem. It's impossible!
4. You have difficulty with your maths homework. SALLY: N O , it isn't. It's easy.
Your friend is good at maths. PETE: Well, you.
over and _ it to me?
5. You don't understand a point of grammar. SALLY: I . you what to do but I
to your house. I'm
6. You don't understand a question. babysitting for my brother,
you here? Then I
7. You've got three big bags to carry. Your friend you.
hasn't got any.
PETE: Sure. I there in ten
minutes. See you!
• ^ ' M i l .
Настоящее простое время
(утвердительные предложения,
отрицательные предложения) • Наречия
времени • Выражения для обозначения времени
PRESENT SIMPLE (AFFIRMATIVE-NEGATIVE) • ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY •
EXPRESSIONS OF TIME

В р е м я настоящее простое обозначает о б ы ч н о е , регулярно п о в т о р я ю щ е е с я


действие.
Оно о б р а з у е т с я из 1 - о й ф о р м ы о с н о в н о г о глагола. В т р е т ь е м лице е д и н -
с т в е н н о г о числа к о с н о в е глагола прибавляется буква - s .
Д л я о б р а з о в а н и я отрицательных п р е д л о ж е н и й используется вспомогатель-
ный глагол d o e s (для 3 - г о лица ед. числа) и do (для всех остальных лиц), а
о с н о в н о й глагол при этом используется в и н ф и н и т и в е .
Не watches television every evening.
Он смотрит телевизор каждый вечер.
Не does not (doesn't) watch television every day.
Он не смотрит телевизор каждый день.
Leaves fail in autumn. Л и с т ь я опадают о с е н ь ю .
Leaves do not (don !t) fall in autumn.
Л и с т ь я не опадают осенью.

Утвердительные предложения Отрицательные предложения

1 see. I do not (don't) see.


Я вижу. Я н е вижу.
You see. You do not ( d o n ' t ) see.
Ты видишь. Ты не видишь.
He sees. He does not ( d o e s n ' t ) see.
Он видит. Он не видит.
She sees. She does not ( d o e s n ' t ) see.
Она видит. Она не видит.
It sees. It d o e s not ( d o e s n ' t ) see.
Оно видит. Оно не видит.
We see. We do not ( d o n ' t ) see.
Мы видим. Мы не видим.
You see. You do not ( d o n ' t ) see.
Вы видите. Вы не видите.
They see. They do not ( d o n ' t ) see.
Они видят. Они не видят.

Если глагол з а к а н ч и в а е т с я н а - c h (watch), - s h (wash), - s s (dress), - o (go);


-x(box); - z (buzz), то в 3 - е м лице ед. числа (he, she, it) к о с н о в е глагола п р и -
бавляется - e s .
I dress. Не dresses.
I w a t c h television. She w a t c h e s television.
I do h o m e w o r k . He d o e s homework.
Если глагол заканчивается на с о г л а с н у ю и за ней идет гласная у, то в 3 - е м
л и ц е е д и н с т в е н н о г о числа у меняется на i и д о б а в л я е т с я - e s .
I cry. Не c r / e s .
I study. He s t u d i e s .

72
Наречия времени К н а р е ч и я м в р е м е н и относятся: n e v e r (никогда), r a r e l y (редко), s o m e t i m e s
(иногда), o f t e n (часто), u s u a l l y (обычно), a l w a y s (всегда).

Местоположение наречий времени


а) п е р е д о с н о в н ы м глаголом
Не always goes s w i m m i n g on Mondays.
Он всегда ходит на плавание по понедельникам.
Не d o e s n ' t often phone me.
Он не часто мне звонит.
б) п о с л е глагола t o b e
Не is never here on Tuesdays.
Он никогда здесь не бывает по вторникам.

Выражения для обозначения времени


E v e r y d a y , e v e r y S a t u r d a y , o n M o n d a y ( s ) , o n c e a w e e k , t w i c e a m o n t h , in
t h e m o r n i n g , a t s i x o ' c l o c k , w h e n t h e s u n s h i n e s и т. д. и с п о л ь з у ю т с я в кон-
це п р е д л о ж е н и я .
George sees his friends everyday.
Джордж видит своих друзей каждый день.
Sue g o e s to the hairdresser once a month.
Сью ходит в парикмахерскую раз в месяц.

УПРАЖгШ.

Напишите следующие глаголы в 3 - е м лице 12. I arrive


единственного числа, затем сделайте оба эти
предложения отрицательными. Следуйте при-
веденной модели. 13. I climb

I run • he runs 14. I try


I don't run • he doesn't run
1. I watch 15. I write

2. I go 16. I read

3. I teach 17. I speak

4. I eat 18. I use

5. I drink 19. I ring

6. I do 20. I play

7. I study
2 З а к о н ч и т е п р е д л о ж е н и я , используя п р а -
вильную утвердительную форму глаголов в
8. I wash скобках. З а т е м сделайте предложения от-
рицательными. Следуйте приведенной мо-
9. Ilive дели.

She plays (play) tennis every Tuesday.


10. I explain
She doesn't play tennis every Tuesday.

11. I catch 1 • They (cycle) to school.

73
2. George. (eat) a lot. I
3. Sam . going to school.
3. Don and Francis _ . (study) Chris and Jean.
French at school. I
4. Sam . going to the cinema.
4. Sue (buy) fruit in the Chris and Jean.
market. I
5. Sam . reading.
5. We . (catch) the bus in front Chris and Jean_
of our house. 1
6. Sam . travelling by train.
6. Pete . (study) engineering. Chris and Jean.
I
7. Sam . (go) to school at half 7. Sam . watching football.
past eight. Chris and Jean.
I
8. He (have) lunch at school. 8. Sam .going to the seaside.
Chris and Jean.
9. Laura (drink) tea every I
morning. 9. Sam. .doingthe shopping.
Chris and Jean.
10. You _ (speak) English well.
I
10. Sam . watching television.
Chris and Jean.
3 Заполните таблицу и н ф о р м а ц и е й о с е б е .
I
Sam Chris and Jean You
sleeping late o n YES NO 5 Найдите правильное местоположение наречий
Sunday mornings времени (указанных в скобках) в предложении.
Следуйте приведенной модели.
eating Chinese food NO YES
swimming YES YES She drinks whisky, (never)
going to school NO YES She never drinks whisky.
going to the cinema YES NO
reading NO YES 1. They come to see me. (rarely)
travelling by train NO YES
watching football YES NO 2. Kim sings under the shower, (often)
going to the seaside YES NO
doing the shopping NO YES 3. They go to the USA. (sometimes)
watching television YES YES
4. She's late, (usually)
4 Напишите п р е д л о ж е н и я о С э м е , К р и с е , Д ж и н е
и о себе, используя глагол like. Следуйте при- 5. They don't stay with her. (always)
веденной м о д е л и .

Sam likes sleeping late on Sunday mornings. 6. Tom and Bill play football, (sometimes)
Chris and Jean don't like sleeping late on Sunday
mornings. 7. Sue cries, (never)
I like/don't like sleeping late on Sunday mornings.
8. They are sad. (rarely)
1. Sam . eating Chinese food.
Chris and Jean eating
9. Tim does his homework on time, (never)
Chinese food.
I . eating Chinese food.
10. Frank drives to work, (sometimes)
2. Sam swimming.
Chris and Jean

74
Найдите правильное местоположение наречий
времени и выражений, обозначающих время
(указанных в скобках). Следуйте приведенной Р ^ Ш Г П
модели.

They go fishing, (on Sunday afternoons / often)


They often go fishing on Sunday afternoons.

1. Sally has lunch at the school canteen, (always /


during the week)

2. Sam sleeps late, (often / on Sunday mornings)

3. Bill is on time, (on Monday mornings / never)

4. Joe and Judy go to the cinema, (once a month /


always)

5. She doesn't phone her mother, (after nine o'clock


/ often)

6. They are happy, (never / at the end of a holiday)

7. They don't do the shopping, (on Saturdays / always)

8. Mr Brown works in the garden, (never/when it rains)

9. Judy sings in the bath, (often / late at night)


Составьте предложения о себе и о своем дру-
10. Sue uses the computer, (in the evening / rarely) ге, используя выражения из упражнения 7, на-
речия времени и выражения, обозначающие
время.

7 Рассмотрите картинки и напишите подходя- I never go dancing on Mondays.


щее выражение под каждой картинкой . My friend often goes dancing on Friday evenings.
meet friends — do homework — dress — listen to 1.
music — catch a bus — have dinner — watch television —
go dancing — get up — go to bed
2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

75
C. doesn't — does — reads — play — sing — likes
sleeps — goes — has — washes — returns
relaxes — loves — performs
9. at the weekend.
If she can, she.
She . her shopping on Saturday
morning and swimming in the
10.
afternoon. She. to the univer-
sity in the evening, but she
study. There's a student dance there every Satur-
day and Sue dancing very
9 Прослушайте аудиозапись. Заполните пропус-
ки данными словами. much. She late on Sunday
mornings and she usually
A. cycles — lives — gets — isn't — works — catches — her hair and . on Sunday after-
studies — has — goes — is noons. Then she goes back to university in the
Sue a second year student evening. Sunday evening is 'Folk' evening! Sue
at Warwick University. She folk and country music and she
biology and loves it. She with can very well so she often
eleven other girls in a student house in Coven- with two friends who
the guitar and the flute. In gen-
try which is a big town near the university. She
up at half past seven in the eral, Sue studies hard at university but she
a good time too.
morning, dresses and break-
fast. She . to university when
it's fine but if it rains she the 10 Прочитайте полученный текст. Если данные
утверждения верны, то после цифры поставь-
bus. She usually to lessons те Т(true — правильно), если нет, то F(false
every morning and she studies in the library or неправильно).
in the laboratory in the af-
Т Sue studies biology.
ternoons. She has lunch in the student canteen.
F She studies in Coventry.
The food very good but it's
cheap. 1. She loves studying biology.
2. _ There are eleven girls in the student house.
B. doesn't — cooks — studies — prepares — goes —
3. _ She gets up quite early during the week.
goes — wash — cooking
4. _ She always cycles to university.
During the week she back to 5. _ She goes to lessons in the afternoons.
the student house at about half past six and 6. _ She sometimes works in the laboratory.
dinner. She likes 7. _ Sue goes to the university canteen because
so she often for some of her the food is cheap.
friends too. In exchange, they. _ She sometimes cooks for others and they
the plates. Sue .like doing the wash up for her.
washing up! She most eve- 9. _ She always goes to the cinema every week.
nings but she sometimes to 10. _ She shops on Saturdays.
the cinema if there's an interesting film. 11. _ She goes swimming on Saturday morning.
12. _ She goes back to university on Saturday
evening.
13. _ She studies on Saturday evening.
14. She plays the guitar and flute.
lyW-^'M -
TY I 4 U ^ .. . r„

UNIT XVII Настоящее простое время


(вопросительные предложения,
краткие ответы) • Вопросительные слова
PRESENT SIMPLE (INTERROGATIVE)SHORT ANSWERS) • QUESTION WORDS

5Ь&агЫф

Вопросительные предложения
Д л я о б р а з о в а н и я вопросительных п р е д л о ж е н и й в н а с т о я щ е м п р о с т о м вре-
м е н и и с п о л ь з у ю т с я вспомогательные глаголы d o / d o e s и инфинитив о с н о в -
н о г о глагола.
D o и с п о л ь з у е т с я во всех лицах, к р о м е 3 - г о лица ед. числа
D o e s и с п о л ь з у е т с я только в 3 - е м лице ед. числа

Вопросительные предложения Краткие ответы


Do 1 work? Yes, y o u do. / N o , you d o n ' t .
Я работаю? Да, ты работаешь. /Нет, ты не работаешь.
Do you work? Yes, 1 do. / N o , 1 d o n ' t .
Ты работаешь? Да, я работаю. /Нет, я не работаю.
Does he work? Yes, he does. / N o , he d o e s n ' t .
Он работает? Да, он работает. /Нет, он не работает.
Does she work? Yes, she does. / N o , she d o e s n ' t .
Она работает? Да, она работает. /Нет, она не работает.
Do we work? Yes, y o u do. / N o , y o u d o n ' t .
Мы работаем? Да, вы работаете. /Нет, вы не работаете.
Do you work? Yes, we do. / N o , we d o n ' t .
Вы работаете? Да, мы работаем. /Нет, мы не работаем.
Do they work? Yes, they do. / N o , they d o n ' t .
Они работают? Да, они работают. /Нет, они не работают.
В в о п р о с и т е л ь н ы х предложениях в 3 - е м лице ед. числа - s не ставится.
З а п о м н и т е , что с глаголом t o b e в с п о м о г а т е л ь н ы е глаголы d o , d o e s не ис-
пользуются!

Is he here?
Он здесь?
They aren'tin school.
Они не в школе.

Наречия в р е м е н и стоят в п р е д л о ж е н и и п е р е д о с н о в н ы м глаголом (после t o


be).

Does she always c h e w g u m s in class? — Yes, she does.


Она всегда жует жевательную резинку в классе? - Да.
Do t h e y ever c o m e late? — Yes, they do.
Они когда-либо приходят поздно? — Да.
Ever (не never) обычно используется в в о п р о с и т е л ь н ы х предложениях.

77
Вопросительные предложения

Вопросительные Вспомогательный Подлежащее Наречия Глагол ( б е з частицы to) +


слова глагол частотности дополнение, обстоятельство
в р е м е н и и т . п.

What do they always have for breakfast?


Что
What time does Tom often get up in t h e morning?
Во сколько
Where does Sue live?
Где, куда
Why do you sometimes catch a bus in t h e morning?
Почему
Who does Bob usually see on Sunday?
Кто
When do they play football?
Когда
How does Mr Brown often go to w o r k ?
Как
How much does that book cost?
Сколько
How often does Jack see her?
Как часто

Раскройте скобки и поставьте глагол в нужной 6. He (wash) his hands be-


форме. Задайте вопросы к предложениям и fore eating. ?
дайте на них краткие ответы.

George's mother likes (like) cooking. Yes,.


Does George's mother like cooking? 7. We all. (enjoy) holidays.
Yes, she does.
Frank and his sister do their homework together. Yes,
Do Frank and his sister do their homework together? Jack (teach) History in a
No, they don't. secondary school.
9
1. Sue (study) German.
No,
9. My dog (love) eating my
No,
cat's food. ?
Mr and Mrs Jones (work)
in the garden at the weekend.
? Yes,
Yes. 10. Joe and Kim (go) to gui-
The shops (open) at nine tar lessons on Monday afternoons.
o'clock.
9 No,
Yes,
The museum (close) at half Раскройте скобки и поставьте глагол в нужной
форме. З а д а й т е вопросы к предложениям.
past five. Дайте краткие ответы на вопросы, начиная их
? со слов Yes/No. Внимательно изучите образец.
No,
Sam's father (drive) to She never does (do) her homework on time.
work. Does she ever do her homework on time ?
9 No, she doesn't.
No,. They buy (buy) some sweets every Saturday.
78
Do they buy any sweets every Saturday ? 7. George never (give) presents.
Yes, they do. _?
1. They never (speak) to her. Yes,
9 8- They (have) some break-
No, fast before they leave for school.
2. Don ?
(read) some books
during the holidays. Yes.
9
Yes,
3. Bob and his girlfriend never
(come) home late.
9
No,
4. We (take) some magazines
to read on the train.
9
No,
5. Sally never (goi dancins.
9
Yes,
6. Pete (meet) some friends They buy 'some' sweets every Saturday.
in town. Каждую субботу они покупают
9 «немного» сладостей.
No,

Подберите к вопросам подходящие ответы.

1- How do vou feel today? a) It starts at eight. 1./


2. Where do they live? b) She goes by bus. 2.
3. Why do they always go to the mountains? c) Usually about twice a week. 3.
4. What time does the film start? d) On Mondays and Thursdays. 4.
5. What kind of films do you like? e) She buys three. 5.
6. When do they have French? f) I feel fine. 6.
7. How does she go to work? g) Quite a lot. 7.
8. How many magazines does she buy? h) In London. 8.
9. How often do they see each other? i) Because they like skiing and walking. 9.
10. How much rain falls in your country? j) I like action and science fiction films. 10.

Закончите предложения, используя вопроси-


5- do they have for breakfast?
тельные слова What, Where, Why, When, Who,
How. Следуйте приведенной модели. They have tea, toast and marmalade.
6- does he meet every Monday?
Where does she live? He meets Sue.
In Bristol. 7. many cups of coffee does he
drink?
• much does it cost?
£5. He drinks three or four cups a day.
• do they go there? 8- does he like doing at the
Because they like it. weekend?
• — often does she go to the cin- He likes relaxing.
ema? 9. do we have Geography?
About once a month. On Tuesdays and Thursdays.
• —- does Larry meet Tim? 10. do you drive to work?
He meets him at the swimming pool. Because the train service is terrible.

79
11. do they go every Saturday paper. At about half past two he usually goes out
evening? and his friends. If the
They go to the discotheque. weather is fine they. football,
12. does she phone every fishing or for a bike ride in
evening? the country. If the weather .
She phones her boyfriend. bad they go bowling or to their club and play darts
13. time do you have dinner? and talk. He home at about
At seven o'clock. six and he has dinner, but for him it is lunch, with
14. does she go to school? his family. Then he television
By bike. or reads for about an hour. He
15. do you have your summer his home at eight and to work.
holidays? He work at half past eight and
In July and August. at half past four. He has a
break at midnight and he
5 (~) Прослушайте аудиозапись. Подчеркните пра- sandwiches. He doesn't _
вильный ответ, как это показано в образце. working at night.
a) Thev go to see them every week.
b) They go to see them by bike.
1. a) He likes rock,
b) No, he doesn't.
2. a) In their bedroom,
b) In the evening.
3. a) They always go to the seaside,
b) They always go in July.
4. a) She sits near Jane. John is a factory worker.
b) She sits at the back of the class. Джон — рабочий завода.
5. a) You like films.
b) I like watching films. Прочитайте полученный текст. Рассмотрите
картинки и пронумеруйте их в нужном порядке.
6. a) She stays with her sister,
b) She stays well.
7. a) He likes documentaries and cartoons,
Ш1
b) Yes, he likes watching television.
8. a) Because he's angry with him.
b) He doesn't speak to him at school.
9. a) No, she doesn't like,
b) No, she doesn't. О в
10. a) Yes, he does,
b) Yes, they do.

6 Прослушайте аудиозапись. Закончите текст,


используя данные слова.
N K
get — has — meets — like — is — starts — play — has —
cycles — leaves — works — returns — eats — reads —
finishes — goes — go — gets - watches 0 D

John is a factory worker and he


at night. When other people
up he to bed.
In fact, he goes to bed at five o'clock in the morn-
ing. He usually up at one
o'clock and a shower.
After this he a good
breakfast and the news-
80
З а д а й т е т а к и е вопросы к т е к с т у ( у п р а ж н е -
ние 6), чтобы данные предложения послужи-
ли ответами на них. Следуйте приведенной
модели.

When does John work?


He works at night.

1.
He works in a factory.
2.
He goes to bed at five o'clock in the morning.
3.
He gets up at one o'clock.
4.
He reads the newspaper.
5.
He meets his friends at half past two.
?
Расставьте данные слова в нужном порядке. 6.
Подберите к картинкам подходящие предло- They play football, go fishing or for a bike ride in
жения. the country.
?
1. at Не bed o'clock five to goes
They sometimes go bowling.
(picture D) ?
He goes to bed at five o'clock.
He returns home at about six.
2. He one gets o'clock up at 9. ?
(picture ) He has dinner with his family.
10. 9
3. breakfast He a before shower has He goes to work by bike.
(picture ) 11. ?
He eats his sandwiches in his break.
4. the and He a has good reads breakfast news-
paper 10 Задайте вопросы к подчеркнутым словам в от-
ветах. Следуйте приведенной модели.
(picture )
Sally meets Sue at the station.
5. his past friends at He half meets two Who does Sally meet?
(picture ) Sally meets Sue at the station.
Where does Sally meet Sue ?
6. in They river fishing go the
(picture ) 1. Jack has piano lessons on Thursdays.
?
7. If they weather bad is bowling go the 2. She drinks three cups of tea a day.
(picture ) ?
3. They see Kim once a month.
8. with He dinner has family his ?
(picture ) 4. He likes reading in his free time.
?
9. He to eight work at cycles o'clock 5. She goes to bed at eleven o'clock.
?
(picture )
6. Pete likes Mary.
10. midnight and He a break sandwiches at eats his ?
has 7. This jacket costs €20.10.
?
(picture )
8. They often watch football on television.

6 Практикум по английской грамматике, т. 1 81


9. Francis always brings sweets to school. 11. often you go do the How hairdresser's to ?

10. Tom goes to school by train.


12. for do summer go Where your you holidays ?
11. He likes her because she is funny.

12. They buy bread at the supermarket. 13. lessons do time start your What ?

13. He sends her flowers for her birthday.


14. go on you school Do Saturdays to?
14. She cooks roasted chicken every Sunday.

15. The museum closes at half past five. 15. What do music you kind of like?

11 Расставьте слова в нужном порядке и ответьте


на вопросы о себе. Следуйте приведенной мо- 12 Напишите короткий рассказ о себе (где вы жи-
дели. вете, ваша школа, ваши повседневные дела,
увлечения и т. д.).
do on do What usually Saturdays you ?
What do you usually do on Saturdays?
I usually meet my friends.

I. time you do up usually get What ?

2. like in do free you your doing time What ?

3. go do Where you school to ?

4. to do school get How you ?

13 Напишите короткий рассказ о ком-нибудь из


5. do live you Where ?
вашей семьи или о вашем друге. Используйте
3 - е лицо единственного числа.

6. When meet do you friends your ?

7. to you go time bed do What ?

8. your near best Does live friend you ?

9. in What the evening do usually you do

10. you for What breakfast do have ?


?
Настоящее длительное время
PRESENT CONTINUOUS

ЗАПОМНИТЕ

Настоящее длительное употребляется для обозначения действия, проис-


ходящего в определенное время в настоящем.
Настоящее длительное образуется с помощью вспомогательного глагола
to be в настоящем времени (am, is, are) и смыслового глагола, к которому
присоединяется окончание-ing.

Утвердительные п р е д л о ж е н и я Отрицательные п р е д л о ж е н и я
I'm playing. I'm not playing.
Я играю. Я не играю.
You're playing. You aren't playing.
Ты играешь. Ты не играешь.
He's playing. Не isn't playing.
Он играет. Он не играет.
She's playing. She isn't playing.
Она играет. Она не играет.
It's playing. It isn't playing.
Оно играет.
Оно не играет.
We're playing.
We aren't playing.
Мы играем.
Мы не играем.
You're playing.
You aren't playing.
Вы играете.
Вы не играете.
They're playing.
They aren't playing.
Они играют.
Они не играют.
Вопросительные п р е д л о ж е н и я К р а т к и е ответы
Am I playing? Yes, you are. / N o , you aren't.
Я играю? Да, играешь. /Нет, не играешь.
Are you playing? Yes, I am. / N o , I'm not.
Ты играешь? Да, играю. /Нет, не играю.
Is he playing? Yes, he is. / N o , he isn't.
Он играет? Да, играет. /Нет, не играет.
Is she playing? Yes, she is. / N o , she isn't.
Она играет? Да, играет. /Нет, не играет.
Is it playing? Yes, it is. / N o , it isn't.
Оно играет? Да, играет. /Нет, не играет.
Are we playing? Yes, you are. / N o , you aren't.
Мы играем? Да, играем. /Нет, не играем.
Are you playing? Yes, we are. / N o , we aren't.
Вы играете? Да, играем. /Нет, не играем.
Are they playing? Yes, they are. / N o , they aren't.
Они играют? Да, играют. /Нет, не играют.

83
УПРАЖНЕНИЯ

Добавьте к глаголам окончание -ing.


No,
1. play playing
5. The lesson. . (begin).
2. watch
3. listen
4. hear
Yes, _
5. see
6. She_ . (go) to the cinema with
6. wait
him.
7. drink
8. eat
9. look
No,
10. do
7. Mr and Mrs Jones . (drive)
11. make making
to Switzerland.
12. take
13. live
14. write
Yes,.
15. give
8. She (write) a letter to her
16. shop shopping
friend.
17. run
18. begin
19. swim
Yes,
20. travel
9. They. . (watch) television.
21. stop
22. tie tying
23. die
Yes,.
24. lie
10. Pete (have) a shower now.
Раскройте скобки и поставьте глагол в нужной
форме. Напишите каждое предложение в от-
рицательной и вопросительной форме. Дайте Yes,
краткие ответы на вопросы, начиная их со слов
Yes/No. Следуйте приведенной модели. 3 Раскройте скобки и поставьте глагол в нужной
форме. Подберите нужные слова и словосоче-
She is eating (eat) a hamburger. тания, чтобы закончить предложения.
She isn't eating a hamburger.
Is she eating a hamburger? 1. She is studying (study) French
No, she isn't. 2. They (fly)
3. The children
1. They. . (wait) for the bus. (negative, watch)
4. Sue _ (negative,
listen)
No,. 5. They . (look)
2. Sue and Jill . (run) to school. 6. Look! A boy
(swim)
7. They . (wait)
No,. 8. Listen! Someone.
3. The cat (play) with a ball (play)
of wool. 9. Her mother _(neg-
ative, make)
10. She . (read)
Yes, _ 11. The dog. (negative,
4. Jack . (lie) on the beach. bark)
12. She . (wash)
84
a) television. 1. h g) in the river. 7.
b) to the teacher. 2. h) at school. 8.
c) at the pictures. 3. i) the guitar. 9.
d) an adventure book. 4. j) a cake. 10.
e) the plates. 5. k) for the bus. 11.
f) at the postman 6. 1) to the USA. 12.

Рассмотрите картинку. Если утверждение соответствует содержанию картинки, то после номера по-
ставьте Т(true — правильно), если нет, то F(false — неправильно).

1. F A man is sitting and reading a book. 6.


2. A dog is running. 7.
3. A man is taking a photo. 8.
4. Some children are jumping into the river. 9.
5. The man is fishing.
6. Somebody is climbing a tree. 6 Посмотрите на картинку снова. Прослушайте
7. Three people are walking along the river. аудиозапись и подчеркните правильный ответ,
следуя приведенной модели.
8. Three people are playing with a ball.
9. Some people are sunbathing. a) Yes, they are.
10. Three people are having a picnic. b) They're flying in the skv.
11 • Three people are eating.
12. The sun is shining. 1. a) He's climbing a tree,
13. Someone is riding a horse. b) He's climbing.
14. Someone is buying a hamburger. 2. a) They're jumping into the river,
15. Some people are swimming in the river. b) Yes, they are.
16. Someone is canoeing. 3. a) Yes, there are.
17. The dog is playing in the river. b) Yes, they are.
18. Some birds are flying in the sky. 4. a) No, he doesn't,
b) No, he isn't.
5 Исправьте неправильные утверждения. 5. a) It runs.
b) It's running.
1. A man is sitting and reading a newspaper. 6. a) Yes, they are.
2.
b) Yes, they have a picnic.
3.
7. a) He's buying an ice cream,
4.
b) Yes, an ice cream.
5.
85
8. a) It's going along the river, В. a checked shirt — in the lake — a striped shirt —
b) No, it isn't. an ice cream — jeans — with model boats —
9. a) She takes a photo of some children jumping a skirt — a hamburger — a book — in the lake —
into the river. a news paper — a photo — duck — boat
b) She's taking a photo of some children jump-
1. In picture A, the boy on the right is wearing a striped
ing into the river.
shirt.
10. a) They take the sun.
In picture B, he's wearing a checked shirt.
b) They're sunbathing.
2.
7 Рассмотрите обе картинки и найдите 10 отли-
чий.
3.

Посмотрите на картинки еще раз. Прослушай-


те аудиозапись. Если утверждение соответ-
ствует содержанию картинок, то после номе-
ра поставьте T(true — правильно), если нет, то
F (false — неправильно).

10 Расставьте слова в нужном порядке и ответьте


на вопросы о себе. Следуйте приведенной мо-
дели.

are moment Where at sitting you the ?


Where are you sitting at the moment?
I'm sitting in the classroom.
Напишите по два предложения о каждом отли-
чии, следуя приведенной модели. Используй-
1. are wearing you at moment the What ?
те глаголы из пункта А в настоящем длитель-
ном времени и слова из пункта В. Слова могут
использоваться более, чем один раз.
2. you are What now doing ?
wear — sit — run — catch a fish — swim —
windsurf — sail — fish — take — eat — look at —
play — read
86
3. you a sandwich eating Are ? 4. Hurry up! The lesson is begining.

5. Are playing the children in the garden?


4. Are shoes wearing you ?
6. Listen! Somebody sings.

5. Is at sun the shining moment the ? 7. Where she's staying in London?

8. Look! The dog is eat the cat's food.


6. you good a Are book reading ?

12 З а д а й т е вопросы к подчеркнутым частям


7. you Are music to listening ? предложений.

Where are you going?


We're going to the cinema.
8. is doing mother What your ?
1. ?
John is drinking a glass of water.
9. Is television father your watching ? 2.
George is speaking to Sue.
3.
10. with or Are you pencil writing a pen a ? Mum's cooking an omelette.
4.
She's buying a blue sweater.
5.
1 Исправьте ошибки в п р е д л о ж е н и я х , следуя Pete's sitting next to Jim.
приведенной модели.
6.
She runs in the park at the moment. He's eating a sandwich because he's hungry.
She's running in the park at the moment. 7. ?
Thomas and James are watching a video cassette.
?
1. They not working in the town centre. 8.
I'm listening to classical music.
2. Jean is makeing a cake. 9. ?
They're travelling to Bonn by plane.
?
3. Does Tom studying French? 10.
No. I'm not eating.
Сделайте следующие предложения отрица- They never go to school on Saturday.
тельными. Следуйте приведенной модели. Do they ever go to school on Saturday?
Open that door, please. Yes, they do.
Don't open that door, please. Bill often works in London.
There are some people sunbathing on the beach. Does Bill often work in London ?
There aren't any people sunbathing on the beach. No, he doesn't.
Joe is singing. Mike is speaking to Claire.
Joe isn't singing. Is Mike speaking to Claire ?
Sue goes to school at eight. No, he isn't.
Sue doesn't go to school at eight. 1. They are driving to Scotland.
Donald can play the piano.
Donald can't play the piano. Yes,.
1. Pete and John are playing football. 2. Frank can swim very well.

2. Hit your brother! Yes,


3. They sometimes spend their holidays in Spain.
3. Carol can speak Japanese.
No,
4. There are some children running in the park. 4. Mum is making a cake.

5. Sing that horrible song, please! No,.


5. Some boys are running down the road.
6. Lindsay teaches Spanish.
Yes,
7. They always go dancing on Saturday evenings. 6. Larry never arrives on time.

8. Sam and George can go out tonight. No,.


7. Carol is watching television in her room.
9. She's studying at the moment.
Yes,.
10. She's reading some letters. 8. Ricky can leave before the end of the lesson.

No,.
Задайте вопросы к следующим предложени- 9. She sees him every evening.
ям. Закончите краткие ответы, начиная их со
слов Yes/No. Следуйте приведенной модели. Yes,.
Sue can speak Japanese. 10. Mr and Mrs Brown live in Wales.
Can Sue speak Japanese ?
No, she can't. No,.
88
3 Подберите к предложениям из первого списка 3. time get does morning up What in he the ? (usu-
( 1 - 1 4 ) подходящие реплики из второго спис-
ally, half past seven)
ка (а-п).

1. I'm tired! ?
2. Can you speak English?
3. What can we get for Jim's birthday?
4. What is he doing? 4. travelling they to How Wales are ? (train)
5. I'm hungry! ?
6. How often does she have English lessons?
7. Can Sam come to my house this evening? 5. come often does here he How ? (usually, once a
8. Where can I change my money? month)
9. Are they driving to Scotland?
10. What does he like doing in his free time? ?
11. I don't want to stay at home this evening.
12. Do they ever play tennis?
13. Arrive on time. It's important! 6. is now he Where working ? (New York)
9
14. Where does she live?

a) Have a sandwich. 1. / 7. does much jacket that How cost black ? (€25.50)
9
b) He's cooking lunch. 2.
c) Three times a week. 3.
8. do breakfast have they for What ? (always, toast
d) Yes, they are. 4.
and marmalade)
e) Yes, he can. 5.
0 Yes, I can, but not very well. 6. ?
g) Don't worry! 7.
h) At the bank on the comer. 8.
i) Let's go to the cinema. 9.
9. are jogging they Where ? (park)
j) Yes, they do. 10. _ ?
k) In Birmingham. 11.
1) Go to bed! 12. _ 10. do to children time go What the bed ? (ten
m) Let's get him a CD. 13. _ o'clock)
n) He likes playing on the computer. 14.
?
4 Расставьте слова в нужном порядке и дайте
полные ответы на полученные вопросы, ис-
пользуя слова в скобках, добавляя предлоги
и т. д. Следуйте приведенной модели. 11. shouting is he Why ? (angry)
?
spend Where holidays his he does ? (sometimes,
France) 12. this we can evening What do ? (watch a video)
Where does he spend his holidays? ?
He sometimes spends his holidays in France.
come can When she ? (tomorrow)
When can she come ? 5 Прослушайте аудиозапись и пронумеруйте
She can come tomorrow. картинки в том порядке, в каком вы слышите.
he Where going is ? (gym) Прослушайте снова и расставьте данные име-
на под картинками.
Where is he going?
He's going to the gym.
1. is to speaking Who he ? (Kim)
?

2. stay Where in they can London ? (hotel)


?

89
4. Helen is a She
in a big city
and her job is sometimes dangerous but she
it most of the time.
5. Tony is a He catch-
es fish and a lot of
time at sea. The work is hard and when the sea is
rough it can be and
dangerous.
6. J ane and S ally are They
their big trucks all over
the country and they sometimes go to foreign
countries too. They love !
John and Mike 7. Frank is a He fills and
pulls out everyday.
He loves his job but he thinks people don't take
much of their teeth
until it's too late.
8. Roger and Bill are
They the train eve-
ry morning to go to their offices in the town cen-
tre. They are very
when Friday arrives.
9. Katy and Carol are
and they work in the same hospital as Diane. They
of ill people. They
love their job but it is often very hard work.
10. Lee is a and he works in a
small restaurant. He loves
and hopes to be a famous chef one day.
Angela — Roger and Bill — Frank — Tony — Lee —
Helen — John and Mike — Jane and Sally — Katy and Прослушайте аудиозапись и пронумеруйте
Carol — Diane О
картинки в том порядке, в каком вы слышите.
Расставьте имена под соответствующими кар-
б Прослушайте аудиозапись еще раз и закончи- тинками (персонажи на картинках те же, что и
те предложения, используя данные слова. в упражнении 5).

take care — does — doesn't — care — fires — spends —


firemen — cook — businessmen — nurses — police
woman — truck drivers — fisherman — dentist —
housewife — doctor — teeth — catch — help — happy —
boring — dangerous — loves — likes — cooking — В
works — exciting — drive — driving

1. John and Mike are


They put out and
help people in trouble. Their job is sometimes
very
2. Diane is a and she
her job because it's
interesting and she can.
people. She works in a big hospital in London.
3. Angela is a . Everyday
she the housework and
goes shopping. She like her
'job' much because it's .

90
г

1.
John and Mike put out fires.
2. ?
They're going to see T h e Lord of the Rings'.
3. ?
Diane works in a big hospital in London.
4. ?
Diane can't dance.
5. ?
Angela is swimming in the swimming pool.
6. ?
Angela doesn't like her 'job' because it's boring.
7. ?
John and Mike Helen likes her job.
8 Q Прослушайте аудиозапись еще раз. Если ут- 8. ?
верждение верно, то после номера поставьте Tony's job can be dangerous when the sea is rough.
T(true — правильно), если нет, т о F { f a l s e не- 9. ?
правильно). Jane and Sally sometimes go to foreign countries.
F John and Mike are putting out a fire. 10. ?
1. John and Mike are going to see a film. Frank fill and pulls out teeth every day.
2. Diane can dance very well. 11. ?
3. Angela is thinking about housework and Roger and Bill are happy when Friday arrives.
shopping. 12. ?
4. Helen is planting something in her garden. Katy and Carol take care of ill people.
5. Helen thinks gardening is relaxing. 13. ?
6. Tony is fishing at the moment. Katy is playing tennis with Carol.
7. Tony is watching football on television. 14. ?
The truck drivers are dancing with their Lee hopes to be a famous chef one day.
friends. 15. ?
9. Jane and Sally are having a good time. Lee often goes riding in his free time.
10. Frank is working in the garden.
11 Найдите данные глаголы в буквенной мозаике
11. Frank has got two children. и выделите их.
12. Roger and Bill are climbing a mountain.
13. Roger and Bill are thinking about money. 1. buy 2. catch 3. come
14. Carol usually wins at tennis. 4. cry 5. do 6. drink
15. Lee enjoys riding. 7. eat 8. give 9. go
10. have 11. kick 12. know
Исправьте неправильные утверждения, следуя 13. make 14. mean 15. read
приведенной модели. 16. ride 17. run 18. see
John and Mike aren't putting out a fire. They're 19. sit 20. sleep 21. take
going to the cinema. 22. talk 23. teach 24. understand
25. wait 26. walk 27. wash
1. 28. watch 30. win
29. wear
2.
3. W T A L К W А I T W
4. А W A T С H К С E U
5. L E 1 К A Y м Е A N
6. К A D N T E А С H D
7. I R R 0 С О М R A E
С С E W H О I I V R
10 Задай вопросы к подчеркнутым частям пред- К E R A A W М D E S
ложений, следуя приведенной модели. G G U Y D О W Е A T
Sally drives a big truck. Т 1 0 E R T А М R A
What does Sally drive ? В A V S I T S А U N
Sally is dancing. G U К E N V н К N D
What is Sally doing? Е A Y E К s L Е E P
UNIT 1 7. Is it for me? 2. Who is that man?
8. Is it a sunny day? 3. How is your mother?
3
9. Are they twins? 4. How old is Sam?
She's from Germany.
10. Is he fat? 5. How tall is he?
1. They aren't English.
9 6. Where's Mary from?
2. Tom is in his bedroom.
1. Are Bob and Mark Australian? 7. How much is that book?
3. Is Francis French?
2. Is your mother a housewife? 8. What's in your hand?
4. Mr and Mrs Blandon aren't Austral-
3. Are you on holiday? 9. When's the party?
ian.
4. Is it ten o'clock? 10. What's his name?
5. Kurt isn't from Germany.
5. Is he from Spain? 11. How long is the English lesson?
6. Christie and her sister aren't at school
6. Are you and your friend happy? 12. Where are you?
today.
7. My sister and I are from Wales. 7. Are your mother and father at work? 7
8. We are late. 8. Are your eyes blue? 1. This animal is small and grey, with big
9. My computer isn't old. 9. Is your name John? ears and a long tail. What is it?
10. Is it six o'clock? 10. Is it an interesting film? 2. This animal is big and grey, with big
ears and a long nose, called a trunk.
6 What is it?
Are they in the classroom? UNIT III
3. This is a fruit. It is soft, long and yel-
Kurt is not Austrian. 2 low. What is it?
1. Marian is not from New York. BOB: Hi! My name's Bob. What's your
4. This thing is very useful when you are
2. Are you French? name?
not at home. It is usually small and in
3. Joseph is not at school. SALLY: Hello! It's Sally. You're new here.
your pocket or bag. There are numbers
4. Is Carol Australian? Where are you from?
and letters on it. What is it?
5. They are not teachers. Вов: I'm from Glasgow but my dad's new
5. This is a fruit. It is hard, round and
6. Juan is from Madrid. job is in this town. So, the whole
green or red. What is it?
7. John and Mike are late. family is here.
6. This animal is very friendly. It loves
8. Are Angela and Tony American? SALLY: Where's your new house?
people but it doesn't usually like cats.
9. Is Katy a student? Вов: It's in Station Road.
What is it?
10. Mr and Mrs Jones are in the garden. SALLY: How big is your house?
7. Thisplace is usually very big. There are
8 Вов: Not very big for all of us.
a lot of young people in it. What is it?
1. Hello! I'm Jacques. I'm from Paris, SALLY: Oh, how many people are in your
8. This thing is hard, flat and round. It is
France. family?
silver on one side. What is it?
2. Hi! We're Sam and Carol. We're from BOB: Six! My mother, father, me and my
9. This is very big and hot. It is in the sky.
Sydney, in Australia. three brothers.
What is it?
3. Hello! I'm Sue. I'm from Birmingham, SALLY: And how old are you?
10. This is big and soft. When there are
in England. BOB: I'm thirteen. And you?
books in it, it is very heavy. What is it?
4. Hi! We're Lindsay and Pierre from SALLY: I'm twelve but my birthday is next

Montreal, in Canada. month. When's your birthday?


Вов: In June, (sound of telephone beeping)
UNIT IV
5. Hello! I'm Kelly. I'm from Dublin, in
Ireland. SALLY: What's that? 4
Is there a clean knife?
10 Вов: It's my mobile telephone.
SALLY: What's your phone number? 1. The leaves are green.
A, P, H, E, M, I, Q, O, U, R, A, Y, Z, I
Вов: It's 616 9865900. Whoops! It's a mes- 2. The dish is on the table.
11 sage from my mother, she's angry! 3. The exercises in this book are easy.
30, 13, 66, 76, 67, 3, 12, 43, 34, 15, 70, 50, SALLY: Why is she angry? 4. Her earrings are pretty.
16,61 BOB: I'm late for lunch! Bye. 5. The men are old.
12 SALLY: Bye-bye. 6. It's a dress.
1. 17, 11, 50, 5 0 , 4 0 / 1, 3 4 / 19, 3, 1, 11, 4 7. Are there cats in the garden?
16 / 14, 3, 6, 33, 30, 11, 50, 50, 11 / How tall are you? 8. Is it an English book?
17, 40, 9 , 1 6 , 4 0 , 1 9 / 17, 30, 33, 16, 55 1. What's his job? 9. Watches are expensive in that shop.
2. 30, 1 / 13, 33, 40, 1 / 7, 3, 33, 9, 30, 2. How is she? 10. She's a beautiful woman.
13, 1 3 / 5 5 , 13, 1 3 / 7 , 3 , 4 3 , 3 0 , 5 5 , 3 , 3. Who is that girl? 7
5 0 / 4 0 , 1 3 / 6 7 , 3, 50, 11, 16 4. Where are your books? 1. A: What colour are your trousers?
5. Why are you in bed? B: They're grey.
UNIT II 6. Where's he from? 2. A: What colour are your trainers?
4 7. How much petrol is in the car? B: They're red and white.
1. Is it an old car? 8. What colour is your bag? 3. A: What colour is your dog?
2. Are they old scooters? 9. How old is Kelly? B: It's brown and white.
3. Are they happy? 10. What's that noise? 4. A: What colour is your pet mouse?
4. Is his hair long? 6 B: It's white with red eyes.
5. Is it nine o'clock? What time is it? 5. A: What colour are your pyjamas?
6. Is he tall? 1. Why are you at home? B: They're blue and green.

92
6. A: What colour is your jacket? 2. It's ten past nine in the morning. UNIT VIII
B: It's black. 3. It's ten o'clock in the morning.
7. A: What colour are your socks? 3
4. It's (a) quarter past twelve in the after-
B: They're green. noon. Is there a cat on the carpet?
8. A: What colour are your shorts? 5. It's twenty-five to two at night. 1. Is there a box between the vase and the
B: They're yellow. lamp?
6. It's (a) quarter past three in the after-
9. A: What colour is your shirt? noon. 2. Is there a dog in the shop window?
B: It's light blue. 7. It's twenty to six in the evening. 3. Is the shirt in the cupboard?
10. A: What colour is your sweater? 8. It's seven o'clock in the evening. 4. Are there flowers in the vase?
B: It's dark blue. 9. It's ten past six in the morning. 5. Are the bottles behind the doll?
10. It's half past eleven in the morning. 6. Is the puppet on the right of the cup-
UNIT V 11. It's two o'clock at night. board?
12. It's five to seven in the evening. 7. How many cats are there in the pic-
6 • 7 ture?
1. Are those your school books? 13. It's half past six in the evening.
14. It's (a) quarterto five in the afternoon. 8. Where's the ball?
2. Look at those boats! 9. Is the cat under the carpet near the
3. This dog is very friendly. 15. It's twenty-five past three at night.
vase?
4. Those pigs are very dirty. 5
10. Where's the bicycle?
5. This is my new bike. 13th June, 1991 11. Is there a boy in the shop?
6. That woman is my maths teacher. 1. 17th February, 1816 12. Is there a bag in the shop window?
7. These flowers are for you. 2. 22nd March, 2001 13. Where's the clock?
8. Are these your CDs? 3. 31st August, 2001 14. Is there a cat near the cupboard?
9. This cake is fantastic! 4. 4th January, 1601 15. How many bottles are there?
10. That's my house. 5. 3rd October, 1980
4
8 6. 2nd September, 1987
In Katy's bedroom there's a ward robe on
This is my book. 7. 25th March, 1975
the right. There are sweaters on the shelf in
1. These are my school friends. 8. 1st April, 1789
the wardrobe. There's her school bag on the
2. That jacket is pretty. 9. 5th May, 1215
floor between the wardrobe and the door.
3. Is it your mobile phone? 10. 6th October, 1999
There's a big poster of Katy's favourite sing-
4. I like that sweater. 8 • 9 er on the back of the door. There's a bed in
5. The house with the red door is Jack's. 1. Chris! You're still in bed and it's late. front of the door, with a chest of drawers on
6. Are those people Japanese? Get up! It's a quarter past eight on the right of the bed. There's a teddy bear
7. This isn't a good idea. Monday morning and the school bus on the bed and there's a lamp on the chest
8. That boy is silly. is always here at half past eight. of drawers. There's also a mirror on the wall
9. Are those your CDs? 2. Oh dear! Miss Jones, the history teach- behind the chest of drawers. On the other
10. Look at his photo. er, is late for her lesson. It's ten past side of the bed, on the left, there's a small
11. Are those ham sandwiches? nine on Friday morning and her les- rug on the floor. There are shoes under the
12. What is it? son starts at nine. bed and her cat, Felix, too. There's a stereo
13. That book is interesting but this is boring. 3. "Joe, when's your French exam?" on the left of the bed, on the floor near the
14. Those jeans are dirty. JOE: " On Tuesday, at half past ten in the wall. Opposite the bed there's a table where
15. These pictures are beautiful but those morning." Katy does her homework and a chair in
are horrible. 4. It's half past seven on Thursday evening front of the table. There are some books on
and Sue. is in front of the television in the table.
UNIT VI the sitting room. It's her favourite pro-
4 gramme.
5. It's three o'clock on Thursday after-
UNIT IX
Is Frank a dentist?
noon and Tony and Bill are at their 5
1. Are Dave and John Canadian?
karate lesson. 1. TOM & BILL: Mum! We're hungry!
2. How old is Bill?
6. George is hungry! It's only half past M O T H E R : Tom and Bill! You're incred-
3. How much milk is in the fridge?
four in the afternoon and his dinner ible. You're always hungry! Here, have
4. Where's her house?
isn't until half past seven. a sandwich.
5. Is his hair dark?
7. The children are excited because it's 2. BOY: Why are you running, Carol?
6. Are those cakes good?
the twenty-second of December and CAROL: I'm late for school.
7. Why is she in bed?
the last day of school before the Christ- 3. JULIE: Ahhh!
8. How many boys are in your class?
mas holidays. G I R L : Julie! What is it?
9. When's the match?
8. It's Saturday, the third of June and Katy JULIE: There's an enormous spider! I'm
10. Where's he from?
is very happy because it's her birthday afraid of spiders!
11. What's his job?
party. She's thirteen today. 4. BOY: What's that big book, Bob?
12. Are you good at English?
9. It's eight o'clock on Tuesday morning Вов: It's a book about the history of
13. What's that?
and Mr Brown is in his car. His office trains. I'm interested in trains. They're
14. How is he?
is in the town centre and his house is fascinating!
in the country. 5. G IRL: Isn't it a beautiful sunny day, Sam?
UNIT VII SAM: Yes, it is and I'm hot!
10. Sally and Tom! Switch off the televi-
2 sion. It's half past nine and time for 6. BOY: Why are Sue and Christy so excit-
It's twenty-five past six in the morning. bed. Remember it's Monday tomor- ed?
1. It's (a) quarter to eight in the evening. row. G I R L : They're going to Paris next week.

93
7. BOY: Why are you nervous, Mark? UNIT XI 13. Greg is Diane's brother.
14. Sharon is Shirley's niece.
M A R K : My history exam is tomorrow
10 15. Simon is Mark's uncle.
and I'm not prepared.
Is there any milk in the fridge? 16. Barbara is Mark's cousin.
8. G I R L : Tony! Where's your sweater?
1. Are there any books on the table?
Aren't you cold? 13
2. Are there any posters on the wall?
TONY: Brrr! Yes, I a m ! Is he Harry's friend?
3. Are there any potatoes in the bag?
9. GIRL:Jane and Stuart! Why are you in 1. This is Paul's brother.
4. Are there any corn flakes in the cup-
the dark? Switch on the light! 2. Whose sister is she?
board?
10. GIRL: What's the matter, Jill? Are you 3. These are the dog's toys.
5. Is there any cola in the cupboard?
angry? 4. John's Jean's cousin.
6. Are there any crisps on the table?
JILL: Yes, I am. My boyfriend is in that 5. Those are the managers' offices.
7. Is there any tea in the cupboard?
restaurant. 6. Where are Joe's shoes?
8. Where's the bread?
GIRL: Well, what's the problem? 7. There's a man in Dr Brown's waiting
9. Is the butter in the fridge?
JILL: He's with another girl! room.
10. Are there any cats in the room?
8. Whose bike is that?
11. Is there any spaghetti in the cupboard?
UNIT X 12. Where's the cat food?
9. He's Helen's cousin.
10. They are Bob's sisters.
5 11 • 12
What's he interested in? There's some bread on the table.
1. I'm hungry! UNIT XIII
There are some CDs on the table.
2. Has he got a brother? 1. There's some cheese on the fridge. 4
3. Have you got blue eyes? 2. There are some apples in the shopping A: Hi, Julie! Are you free to come
4. There's a party tonight. bag. swimming with me tomorrow evening?
5. Is he fourteen? J U L I E : N O , I'm sorry. I'm not.
3. There are some plants in the picture.
6. Why isn't his sister at the party? A: Why not?
4. There's some bread in the cupboard.
7. When's his birthday? J U L I E : It's Monday and there's my fa-
5. There are some glasses near the cola.
8. Has Julie got brothers or sisters? vourite programme at 6.30 on Monday
6. There are some posters on the wall.
9. Have a good holiday! evening. I can't miss it!
7. There are some history books on the
10. Where's her house? 1. BOY: Joe! Hurry up! It's half past eight
fridge.
11. What colour is his hair? and our train's at twenty to nine.
8. There's some cola in the fridge.
12. Have you got time for me? 2. BOY: When's Lindsay's birthday?
9. There are some keys on the table.
6 10. There are some cats under the table. G I R L : On the 23rd of June.

Mary is shopping for her birthday party. So BOY: But... that's tomorrow!
11. There are some pears in the shopping
far she's got coke and lemonade but she bag. 3. A: When have you got guitar lessons,
hasn't got mineral water or beer. She's got Mark?
12. There's some pepper in the cupboard.
packets of crisps, cheese and bread but she MARK: On Tuesday and Friday after-
hasn't got ham or butter. She's got cakes and noons.
UNIT XII 4. A: What's your favourite day, Carol?
biscuits but she hasn't got cream. She hasn't
got decorations or balloons but she's got a 4 CAROL: I love Saturdays.

new CD with good music for dancing. She George and Linda are married. Linda is 5. A: When was Galileo born?
hasn't got glasses but she's got plates. George's wife. Linda and George's two В: In 1564.
8 daughters are Sarah and Sharon, their son's 6. A: Do you know the Japanese have got
name is Greg. Sarah's husband is Simon. a 'Boys' Festival'?
1. It hasn't got legs but it's got a soft body
Sarah and Simon haven't got any children. B: Oh, when is it?
and a 'house' called a shell which it
Sharon's husband is Jim. They've got three A: On the fifth of May.
carries around with it.
children, two girls and a boy. Their daugh- 7. A: When are the next Olympic Games?
2. It's got long, sharp teeth and a long tail.
ters' names are Barbara and Shirley, their B: Well, after 2002, the next is in 2006.
It's got short legs and it can move fast
son's name is David. Greg's wife is Diane. 8. A: What time is Sally here tomorrow?
on land and in the water. It hasn't got a
Greg and Diane have got a small son, his B: At a quarter to three, if she's punc-
good reputation!
name is Mark. tual.
3. It's got four legs, a tail and a mane. It's
6 8
got sharp claws and big teeth. It's very
fierce and it's called 'the king of the Linda is George's wife. Where's the lamp?
jungle'. George is Sharon's son. 1. Is there a computer in the room?
4. It hasn't got wings but it's got eight legs 1. David is Barbara's brother. 2. Are there any dolls in the room?
and a web to catch flies and other in- 2. Mark is David's brother. 3. Where's the mirror?
sects. 3. Linda is Mark's grandmother. 4. Is there a can of cola on the computer
5. It's got long legs and a very long neck. 4. Diane is Jim's wife. desk?
It's from Africa. 5. Sarah is Jim's cousin. 5. Where are the magazines?
6. It hasn't got legs but it's got a long thin 6. Greg is Mark's father. 6. What is there in the wardrobe?
body and it can move very fast. It's got 7. Diane is Shirley's aunt. 7. Where's the bedside table?
a forked tongue. 8. Shirley and Barbara are David's sisters. 8. Are there any people in the room?
7. This isn't a fish and it hasn't got legs 9. Simon and Sarah are Mark's uncle and 9. Are there any jeans on the floor?
but it's got flippers to move fast in wa- aunt. 10. Is there any paper in the wastepaper
ter. It's very friendly. 10. Jim is Barbara's father. basket?
8. It's got two legs and two 'hands', it's 11. David is Diane's nephew. 11. What is there in front of the computer?
also got a long tail. It lives in trees. 12. Mark is Jim's grandson. 12. Where are the shoes?

94
UNIT XIV INTERVIEWER: Oh, can you ski too? B: During the week she goes back to the
2 MARK: N O , I can't. We haven't got much student house at about half past six and
snow in this country. prepares dinner. She likes cooking so
1. It's late! — Hurry up!
INTERVIEWER: Yes, that's true. Can you speak she often cooks for some of her friends
2. It's hot in here! — Open a window.
German? too. In exchange, they wash the plates.
3. I'm too fat! — Go on a diet!
M A R K : N O , I can't, but I can speak French Sue doesn't like doing the washing up!
4. It's cold in here. — Close the window.
quite well. She studies most evenings but she
5. The bus is coming! — Run to the bus
INTERVIEWER: Can you play any musical in- sometimes goes to the cinema if there's
stop!
struments? an interesting film.
6. This coffee is horrible! — Don't drink
M A R K : Yes, I can play the guitar. It's relax- C: If she can, she relaxes at the weekend.
it.
ing. Like painting, I can paint very well. She does her shopping on Saturday
7. It's raining! — Put up your umbrella.
INTERVIEWER: Interesting! One last question. morning and goes swimming in the af-
8. I've got toothache! — Go to the den-
Can you cook? ternoon. She returns to the university
tist's! in the evening, but she doesn't study.
MARK: No! I'm a disaster in the kitchen!
9. It's dark in here. — Switch on the light. There's a student dance there every
INTERVIEWER: Well, thank you.
10. I've got a headache! — Take an aspi- Saturday and Sue likes dancing very
MARK: You're welcome!
rin. much. She sleeps late on Sunday morn-
11. I don't know where Tom is. — Phone ings and she usually washes her hair and
him and ask. 11
reads on Sunday afternoons. Then she
A. J U L I E : Can you swim under water, Jim?
4 goes back to university in the evening.
JIM: Yes, I can, but not very far.
1. My hands are full of shopping bags. Sunday evening is 'Folk' evening! Sue
J U L I E : N O , I mean, can you use a snor-
Please open the door for me. loves folk and country music and she
kel?
2. Write your name on this piece of pa- can sing very well so she often performs
JIM: NO, I can't, but I can water-ski.
per, please. with two friends who play the guitar and
Can you?
3. Look at that plane! It's flying very low! the flute. In general, Sue studies hard
B. SUE: Can you come to my party next
4. Somebody is singing. Listen! at university but she has a good time
Saturday?
5. A: Excuse me, where is the post office, too.
BOB: A party! Great! Yes, I can. Can I
please? bring a friend with me?
B: Go left at the traffic lights. The post S U E : Who is it? UNIT XVII
office is in front of you. Вов: My Australian friend, Tom.
6. Come in, Mark. Sit down, please. 5
SUE: Oh, yes. He's nice. You can defi- How often do Ricky and Sue go to see
7. A: Excuse me, is there a bank near nitely bring him. By the way, have you
here? their grandparents?
got any good CDs I can borrow?
B: Yes, just go right at the end of the 1. Does Joe like disco music?
BOB: Sure.
road. The bank is about a hundred 2. When do they do their homework?
C. [on the phone] 3. Where do they go on holiday?
yards down the road. PETE: H e l p !
8. Stand up when the head teacher comes 4. Who does Sue sit near?
SALLY: What's the matter?
in! 5. What do you like doing in your free
PETE: I can't do this maths problem.
9. This is a library, be quiet, please! time?
It's impossible!
10. A: Are you good at drawing? 6. Who does she stay with?
SALLY: N O , it isn't. It's easy.
B: Not too bad. 7. What kind of programmes does he like?
P E T E : Well, can you come over and ex-
A: Well, draw a house for me. 8. Why doesn't Bob speak to Rick?
plain it to me?
9. Does she like soap operas?
SALLY: I can tell you what to do but I
10. Do John and Mary work in the same
UNIT XV can't come to your house. I'm babysit-
office?
8 • 9 ting for my brother. Can't you cycle
here? Then I can help you. 6
INTERVIEWER: Hi Mark! Can I ask you some
PETE: Sure. I can be there in ten min- John is a factory worker and he works at
questions?
utes. See you! night. When other people get up he goes to
MARK: Sure!
bed. In fact, he goes to bed at five o'clock
INTERVIEWER: Can you use a computer?
UNIT XVI in the morning. He usually gets up at one
MARK: Oh yes, I can. I use it both for work
o'clock and has a shower. After this he has
and for fun. I'm connected to the In- 9 a good breakfast and reads the newspaper.
ternet now so I can do a lot of research. A: Sue is a second year student at Warwick At about half past two he usually goes out
IT's very useful. University. She studies biology and and meets his friends. If the weather is fine
INTERVIEWER: Can you ride a bike? loves it. She lives with eleven other girls they play football, go fishing or for a bike
M A R K : Of course I can! But it's too cold in in a student house in Coventry which ride in the country. If the weather is bad they
winter so I use the car. is a big town near the university. She go bowling or to their club and play darts
INTERVIEWER: So you can drive, can you? gets up at half past seven in the morn- and talk. He returns home at about six and
M A R K : Yes, I can. When I can I ' d like a new ing, dresses and has breakfast. She cy- he has dinner, but for him it is lunch, with
car. My old one can't go very fast. cles to university when it's fine but if it his family. Then he watches television or
INTERVIEWER: What about other sports? Can rains she catches the bus. She usually reads for about an hour. He leaves his home
you swim? goes to lessons every morning and she at eight and cycles to work. He starts work
M A R K : N O , I can't! studies in the library or works in the at half past eight and finishes at half past
INTERVIEWER: And can you run fast? laboratory in the after noons. She has four. He has a break at midnight and he eats
M A R K : N O , not fast. But I can ice skate quite lunch in the student canteen. The food sandwiches. He doesn't like working at
well. I go to the ice rink twice a month. isn't very good but it's cheap. night.

95
UNIT XVIII UNIT XIX 10. Lee is a cook and he works in a small
restaurant. He loves cooking and hopes
6 5*6
to be a famous chef one day.
Where are the birds flying? 1. John and Mike are firemen. They put
out fires and help people in trouble. 7 • 8
1. What is the boy climbing?
Their job is sometimes very dangerous. 1. Now John and Mike aren't working,
2. Where are the children jumping?
2. Diane is a doctor and she loves her job they are relaxing with their girlfriends.
3. Are there people swimming?
because it's interesting and she can They are going to see 'The Lord of the
4. Is the man fishing?
help people. She works in a big hospi- Rings' at the cinema.
5. What is the dog doing?
tal in London. 2. Diane isn't working at the hospital at
6. Are the people having a picnic?
3. Angela is a housewife. Every day she the moment. She's at the theatre and
7. What's the boy buying?
does the housework and goes shopping. she's watching a ballet. She loves danc-
8. Is the horse going fast?
She doesn't like her 'job' much because ing but she can't dance very well.
9. What's the woman taking a photo of?
it's boring. 3. Angela is at the swimming pool now.
10. What are the two people near the tree
4. Helen is a policewoman. She works in She isn't thinking about housework and
doing?
a big city and her job is sometimes dan- shopping, she's swimming.
9 4. Helen is working in her garden. She's
1. In picture A the boy is eating a ham- gerous but she likes it most of the time.
5. Tony is a fisherman. He catches fish planting a rose bush. She loves work-
burger. ing in her garden, she thinks it's very
2. In picture A the girl is taking a photo. and spends a lot of time at sea. The
work is hard and when the sea is rough relaxing.
3. In picture A the dog is sitting. 5. Tony isn't at sea at the moment, he's
4. In picture A the man is catching a fish. it can be exciting and dangerous.
6. Jane and Sally are truck drivers. They at home. He's watching a film on tele-
5. In picture A three children are playing vision and he's drinking a glass of beer.
with model boats. drive their big trucks all over the coun-
try and they sometimes go to foreign 6. Jane and Sally are having a fantastic
6. In picture A the ducks are flying over time. They're dancing at the disco-
the lake. countries too. They love driving!
7. Frank is a dentist. He fills and pulls out theque with their friends.
7. In picture В the woman is sitting in the 7. Frank is at home. He's playing foot-
lake. teeth every day. He loves his job but he
thinks people don't take much care of ball with his two children in his garden.
8. In picture В the dog is running.
their teeth until it's too late. 8. Roger and Bill aren't on the train or in
9. In picture В the boy is wearing a striped their offices now and they aren't think-
shirt. 8. Roger and Bill are businessmen. They
catch the train every morning to go to ing about business or money. They're
10. In picture В a man is sailing a boat. climbing a mountain and they're en-
11. In picture В the children are sailing in their offices in the town centre. They
are very happy when Friday arrives. joying themselves very much.
boats. 9. Katy and Carol are having a good game
12. In picture В the duck is swimming in 9. Katy and Carol are nurses and they
work in the same hospital as Diane. of tennis at the tennis club. Katy is win-
the lake. ning, as usual.
They take care of ill people. They love
their job but it is often very hard work. 10. Lee is riding a horse in the country. He
often goes riding in his free time.