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GSM OPTIMIZATION

HANDBOOK

03/30/11 1/33
1. Introduction.........................................................................................................3
2. Support Arrangement..........................................................................................4
3. Optimisation Team Structure..............................................................................5
4. Bad Perfromance FisH Bone diagram................................................................6
5. Information Preparation......................................................................................7
6. General Optimisation Proceedure......................................................................8
7. Alarm Analysis....................................................................................................9
8. Statistics Analysis Procedure...........................................................................10
9. Drive Test..........................................................................................................13
9.1. Drive Test Reminder..................................................................................13
9.2. Drive Test Log Investigation Consideration...............................................13
10. Frequeny Planning .........................................................................................14
10.1. BCCH and BSIC planning criteria............................................................14
10.2. Frequency Assignment Criteria................................................................14
10.3. Frequency Retune Procedure..................................................................15
11. Add Neighbor Criteria.....................................................................................15
12. High Rise Building Coverage..........................................................................16
13. Maximum System Configuration.....................................................................16
14. HDPC Setting Template.................................................................................18
14.1. TX Power and Power Control...................................................................18
14.2. Handover..................................................................................................21
14.3. Multiband..................................................................................................23
14.4. Miscellaneous...........................................................................................23
15. Tools Available................................................................................................25
16. Problem Root Cause ......................................................................................26
16.1. High SDCCH Blocking.............................................................................26
16.2. High TCH Blocking...................................................................................27
16.3. SDCCH Access Failure Rate...................................................................28
16.4. Handover Failure & Loss..........................................................................29
16.5. MSC Connection Rate ............................................................................30
16.6. SDCCH and TCH RF Loss.......................................................................31
16.7. Power Control...........................................................................................32
16.8. Handover Problem...................................................................................32
16.9. Others.......................................................................................................33

03/30/11 2/33
1. INTRODUCTION
Teamwork, “listen to order”, cycle time reduction and follow procedure are critical
to every successful optimisation.

Below is the optimisation flow chart:

Data Preparation Data Collection

Data Analysis

Satisfactor No
Optimisation
y Result?

Yes

Complete

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2. SUPPORT ARRANGEMENT
Optimisation Flow PEG Arrangement

PEG discuss with account


Monthly performance teams to identify optimisation
meeting to identify targets.
optimisation targets.

Account Team OMC Engineer arrives local


supplies required office to setup data collection
information platform

Contractor prepares
PEG prepares
optimisation information
INFORMATION FOR
in Beijing
OPTIMISTION

Engineers perform brief audit in


PEG audits network Beijing to understand REAL
in Beijing situation

All engineers return to Beijing to


PEG derives
derive plan
optimisation plan

PEG arrives local Best engineering arrangement


office to discuss the arrives at local office
optimisation plan with
Account Team and
Customer

Start optimisation and skill


Start optimisation transfer and acquisition

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3. OPTIMISATION TEAM STRUCTURE

Team Leader

Alarm Statistics BSS D.B. & Feature Drive Test Log


Monitoring Monitoring Controller Controller Investigator

MONITORING ACTION

Job Function
BSS Controller
- Understand fully on BTS maintenance, BSS configuration

Alarm Monitoring,
- Monitor daily alarm

Statistics Monitoring
- Investigate problem from statistics

D.B. & Feature Controller


- Check database and monitor feature deployment process

Drive Test Log Investigator


- Investigate problem from drive test log

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4. BAD PERFROMANCE FISH BONE DIAGRAM

Database External Cable Statistics Pegging


Neighbor Coverage Calculation
Setting Interference Connection and Retrieval

Bad Performance

Capacity Frequency Software Hardware Network


Signaling Mobile Documentation
Plan Topology

Example of each major problems:


a. Database Setting – improper HOPC settings
b. Neighbor – wrong external neighbor’s BCCH or BSIC values, missing
neighbor
c. Coverage – weak, highly overlapped, improper antenna downtilt and
orientation
d. External Interference – microwave, repeater, faulty alarm
e. Calculation – incorrect statistics equations
f. Cable Connection – no/cross connection
g. Statistics Pegging and Collection – SW problem on statistics pegging, or
retrieval
h. Capacity – lack of TRCU, improper channel configuration, lack of RSL, MTL
links
i. Frequency Plan – co-channel, adj-channel, improper BSIC planning
j. Software – bug
k. Hardware – wrong cable connection, faulty combiner and filter, PCM link
down
l. Network Topology – bad site location selection, redundant site deployed
m. Signaling – Improper cause value and message sequence
n. Mobile – faulty mobile in term of signaling or frequency hopping capability
o. Documentation – wrong feature/parameter usage description

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5. INFORMATION PREPARATION

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6. GENERAL OPTIMISATION PROCEEDURE
Data Collection & Check
Local Office NetPlan
1 day
Information

Data Preparation & 2 days


NetPlan Information
Correction

Network Audit from


1. Alarm
2. Statistics
2 days
3. Database
4. Check customer statistics equations

1. Hardware Fix (Sleeping Cell, OOS TCU, OOS TS


2. Path Balance Issue, Faulty TCU from TCH_RF_Loss Issue)
Hardware 2 days
3. GCLK shift and frequent Phase Lock Loop failure from Alarm

1. Suggest Better Database Setting (Channel Reconfiguration,


Standard HOPC, Blocking Timer , Congestion Relief)
Database,
2. Capture External Interference Interference & 2 days
3. Frequency Retune for high IOI, BER and TCH_RF_LOSS Capacity
4. Audit External Neighbor
5. Improper ARFCN:BSIC Planning
6. GPROC loading
7. RSL & MTL Usage

Solve Blocking by: Network Topology Problem


a. BCCH Optimisation due to no available ARFCN is Network
Capacity b. Neighor Optimisation found by:
Topology 2 days
c. Add Radio a. Site Replacement
d. Site Reconfiguration b. Coverage Optimisation
e. Add Site c. Capacity Dimensioning
f. Antenna Refinement

Statistics & DB. mainly on TEMS Log & FP. mainly on


a. SDCCH Access Failure a. Undecoded BCCH
b. CSFR b. Missing Neighbor FP, Neighobr and 12 days
c. Drop Call c. HO Failure Coverage
d. TCH_RF_Loss d. Incorrect External Neighbor
e. HO_Loss e. Weak Coverage
f. HO_Failure f. High Overlapping
by ARFCN retune, neighor g. use non-dominant server
change and coverage
by ARFCN retune, neighor
change and coverage

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7. ALARM ANALYSIS

Below lists some important alarms that we focus,


a. Critical and major alarm
b. Alarms affect voice quality like MSI, KSW, RXCDR, DRIM, DRI
c. GCLK affects HO
d. Link alarms affect site availability and voice quality
e. XBL alarm affects acknowledgement of OOS CIC

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8. STATISTICS ANALYSIS PROCEDURE

Statistics Tree Diagram

M S C T C H C o n n e c t io n R a t e

P a g i n g N o R e S s Dp oC n C s He A c c e s s F C a a i l ul l r S e u R c ea st e s R a t e

C a l l S e t u p S u c e s s R a t e D r o p C a l l R a t e

M S C A s s i g n m e n t T A C t Ht e mR Fp t L R o a s t s e R Ha tO e L o s s R a t e
( M A _ R E Q _ F R O M _ M S C )

B A D G O O D
I n t e r - B S S H O L o s s
C O N N R e f u s e dT C H B lo c k in g

I n t r a - B S S H O L o s s
S D R F L o s sT C H A s s ig n m e n t S u c c e s s

I n t r a - c e ll H O L o s s
C ip h e r M o d e F a i l
( T S M I , I M S I )

Firstly, we need to understand account teams and customer performance


equation.

Problem Identification from Statistics


1. per carrier on HW, external interference, channel interference, coverage
a. PATH_BALANCE for faulty hardware (Every 3 days)
b. IOI for external interference and bad channel assignment (Every Day)
c. BER for external interference and bad channel assignment (Every Day)
d. TCH_RF_LOSS for faulty hardware and bad channel assignment (Every Day)
e. CHAN_REQ_FAIL_ROLL for faulty hardware and BCCH and SDCCH coverage
footprint difference (Every Day)
2. per cell on usage
a. AVAILABLE_TCH and AVAILABLE_SDCCH (Every Day)
b. BUSY_SDCCH_MAX, SDCCH Blocking for faulty hardware (Every Day)
c. SDCCH_CONGESTION and BUSY_SDCCH_MEAN for phantom RACH
(Weekly)
d. BUSY_TCH_MAX, TCH Blocking for faulty hardware (Every Day)
e. OK_ACC_PROC_SUC_RACH for sleeping cell (Every Day)
f. No TOTAL_CALL, OUT_INTRA_BSS_ATMPT, OUT_INTER_BSS_ATMPT
(Every Day)
g. CONN_REFUSED { - IMSI_DETACH} for CIC blocking (Weekly)
h. cell without any statistics for OOS cell (Every Day)
3. per cell on dual band mobile usage
a. MA_ACCESS_BY_TYPE (Weekly)
b. MS_TCH_USAGE_BY_TYPE (Weekly)
4. per cell on Cipher Mode
a. CIPHER_MODE_FAIL (Weekly)
5. per cell on loading
a. BSS GPROC loading mean 70% (Weekly)

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b. MSC Processor Loading and Subscriber (Weekly)
c. RSL TX, RX Utilisation mean 25% (Weekly)
d. MTL TX, RX Utilisation mean 20% (Weekly)
e. Pages per second (Weekly)
f. ALLOC_SDCCH, ALLOC_SDCCH_FAIL ,OK_ACC_PROC relationship (Weekly)
g. HO per call (Weekly)
6. per cell on paging
a. PCH_PAGE_Q_DISCARD (Weekly)
7. per cell for BCCH and BSIC planning
a. INV_EST_CAUSE_RACH and BAD_HO_REFNUM_MS (Weekly)
8. per cell inter-BSS HO monitoring
a. OUT_INTER_BSS_MS_FAIL + OUT_INTER_BSS_MS_LOST =
HP_MSC_REQ_FAIL (not include blocking) (Weekly)
b. OUT_INTER_BSS_MS_ATMPT = HO_MSC_REQ_FAIL + HO_MSC_REQ_OK
(Weekly)

Below all are daily task:


9. evaluate target
a. calculate system total call, total loss, ho loss, rf loss, drop call%
b. calculate how many total loss reduction is required to achieve the goal
c. do (b) again for other statistics
10. select worst cells and BSCs
d. pick worst 20 cells and worst 5 BSCs
11. per cell on TCH Assignment
a. CONN_REQ_TO_MSC
b. MA_REQ_FROM_MSC, CONN_REFUSED { - IMSI_DETACH}, if
CONN_REFUSED is high, MSC procedure is required.
c. MA_CMD_TO_MS_BLKD, MA_CMD_TO_MS
d. MA_FAIL_FROM_MS, MA_COMPLETE_TO_MSC (same as TOTAL_CALL)
12. per cell on HO Cause
a. OUT_HO_CAUSE
13. per cell on HO Failure
a. OUT_INTRA_BSS_HO_FAIL, OUT_INTER_BSS_HO_FAIL,
IN_INTRA_BSS_HO_FAIL and IN_INTER_BSS_MS_NO_SEIZE for ho failues
14. per cell on TCH_RF_LOSS, SD_RF_LOSS, HO Loss
a. TCH_RF_LOSS, OUT_INTRA_BSS_HO_REQ, OUT_INTRA_BSS_HO_ATMPT,
OUT_INTER_BSS_HO_REQ, OUT_INTER_BSS_HO_ATMPT
b. SD_RF_LOSS and HO_LOSS relationship on cell coverage
c. OUT_INTER_BSS_HO_LOSTMS, OUT_INTRA_BSS_HO_LOSTMS,
OUT_INTRA_CELL_HO_LOSTMS

For hardware fix, it usually takes 3 days to fix, hence we suggest to review those statistics every
3 days. For system loading and usage, we will visit them once in a week.
Weekly and every 3 days statistics should be reviewed when that corrective action is done.

Special Request
For growth planning per cell on blocked call setup, we can use ALLOC_TCH_FAIL –
HO_FAIL_NO_RESUORCES_INTRA_BSS - HO_FAIL_NO_RESUORCES_INTER_BSS -
HO_FAIL_NO_RESUORCES_INTRA_CELL to estimate expanded network total calls.

For coverage analysis and improve MSC connection rate, we can use per LAC
ACCESS_PER_RACH – PAGING_RESPONSE. Difference tells us how many no page reponses.

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9. DRIVE TEST

9.1. Drive Test Reminder

i. prepare cell definition file


ii. 2mins per call
iii. 10-15mins per log file
iv. force to appropriate band (GSM only, DCS only or Dual)
v. mark benchmark route per log file in map
vi. mark on maps about (a) drop call (b) weak coverage (c) lot of rxquality (d)
bad coverage
vii. fill in drive test problem sheet

9.2. Drive Test Log Investigation Consideration

General TEMS Log Investigation Concern


1. check undecoded BCCH – this affects RF loss and creates log of ping pong
handover
2. decoded neighbor but no handover is attempted – due to missing neighbor or
incorrect external neighbor path
3. focus on drop call and rxqual greater than 4 for non-hopping, 5 for hopping for
at least 4 seconds
4. look for handover failure – investigation target cell assigned ARFCN/MA from
ASSIGNMENT COMMAND and HANDOVER COMMAND
5. mark down weak coverage area, no dominant server, say less than –85dBm
6. mark down highly overlapped area

Besides, be careful that when you see a decoded cell, that cell is not definitely a
neighbor of serving, it can be due to serving cell having a neighbor which has
same BCCH as decoded cell.

Note: (a) Focus on new site database


(b) Due to CCB, no SFH can be deployed
(c) Dedicated ARFCN/MA is different from BCCH
(d) After Assignment and Handover, the cell ID may not be updated yet
due to serious rxquality at DL.

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10. FREQUENY PLANNING

10.1. BCCH and BSIC planning criteria


a. Cells have same BCCH and BSIC that increases TEMS log review
troublesome.
b. Nearby cells have same BCCH:BSIC with ARFCN:BSIC.
c. Nearby cells have adjacent BCCH with ARFCN and same BSIC.

10.2. Frequency Assignment Criteria

Non-hopping Case

serving cell can’t be co- or adj-


cahannel adjacent co-channel
channel

Hopping Case for non-BCCH

serving cell adjacent co-channel


channel

BCCH in hopping case is same as the non-hopping case.

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10.3. Frequency Retune Procedure
Frequencies can be grouped into 5 types, they are:-
a. same site co- and adj-channel to BCCH
b. adjacent site co- and adj-channel to BCCH
c. adjacent site co-channel to ARFCN
d. same site co-channel to ARFCN
e. same site adj-channel to ARFCN
f. adjacent site adj-channel to ARFCN
g. others ARFCN

Priority of ARFCN retune is from g. to e. for fix and BBH, from g. to d. for SFH. If
no available ARFCN can be found, site planning need to be reviewed.
Besides, 400k separation is required for CCB.
58, 70 shouldn’t be used for BCCH.
MCell generates UL interference on channel 50 and 56.

11. ADD NEIGHBOR CRITERIA


In general, LOS and 2nd Round Interferer will be added as neighbor; however, for
3rd Round, this is very network dependant. field knowledge is required to make
the decision.

serving cell LOS interferer


2nd Round 3rd Round
Interferer Interferer

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12. HIGH RISE BUILDING COVERAGE
Introduce high rise building coverage must make sure to have good street
coverage.


High Rise Building

Macro

Micro

High Rise Building – provide high level (likely above 8th floor) high rise building
coverage
Macro – provide low floors and street level coverage
Micro – provide street level and indoor coverage

13. MAXIMUM SYSTEM CONFIGURATION


It is important to understand how system grows from phase to phase. It can be
described in 3 phases.

Phase 1: Only macro layer, antenna located at tower top with small downtilt.
Antenna uses large vertical beam-width.

Phase 2: Start to introduce micro layer, and increase macro cell downtilt and
lower macro cell height of macro antenna.

Phase 3: Introduce high rise building coverage to office building and hotel. Before
deploying this kind of coverage, street level coverage MUST be strong enough
(likely more than –75dBm) to protect interference from high rise building
coverage.

For a mature network which its system rxlevel has reach average –75dBm, it is
time for us to deploy SFH to expand system capacity.

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14. HDPC SETTING TEMPLATE

14.1. TX Power and Power Control


TX Power
Current Suggest
Parameter Reason
Setting Setting
max_tx_ms
max_tx_bts

Downlink Power Control due to Level


Current Suggest
Parameter Reason
Setting Setting
decision_alg_num
bts_power_control_all
owed
bts_p_con_ack
(TIMER)
bts_p_con_interval
(TIMER)
pow_inc_step_size
pow_red_step_size
rxlev_dl_pc, hreqave
rxlev_dl_pc, hreqt
decision_1_dl_rxlev_a
v_p
l_rxlev_dl_p
u_rxlev_dl_p
decision_1_n1
decision_1_p1
decision_1_n2
decision_1_p2

Downlink Power Control due to Quality


Current Suggest
Parameter Reason
Setting Setting
decision_alg_num
bts_power_control_all
owed
bts_p_con_ack
(TIMER)
bts_p_con_interval
(TIMER)
pow_inc_step_size
pow_red_step_size
rxqual_dl_pc, hreqave
rxqual_dl_pc, hreqt
rxqual_dl_pc,
qual_weight
decision_1_dl_rxqual_
av_p
l_rxqual_dl_p
u_rxqual_dl_p
decision_1_n3
decision_1_p3
decision_1_n4
decision_1_p4
w_qual

Uplink Power Control due to Level


Current Suggest
Parameter Reason
Setting Setting
decision_alg_num

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ms_power_control_all
owed
ms_p_con_ack
ms_p_con_interval
pow_inc_step_size
pow_red_step_size
rxlev_ul_pc, hreqave
rxlev_ul_pc, hreqt
decision_1_ul_rxlev_a
v_p
l_rxlev_ul_p
u_rxlev_ul_p
decision_1_n1
decision_1_p1
decision_1_n2
decision_1_p2

Uplink Power Control due to Quality


Current Suggest
Parameter Reason
Setting Setting
decision_alg_num
ms_power_control_all
owed
ms_p_con_ack
ms_p_con_interval
pow_inc_step_size
pow_red_step_size
rxqual_ul_pc, hreqave
rxqual_ul_pc, hreqt
rxqual_ul_pc,
qual_weight
decision_1_ul_rxqual_
av_p
l_rxqual_ul_p
u_rxqual_ul_p
decision_1_n3
decision_1_p3
decision_1_n4
decision_1_p4
w_qual

Data and Hopping Quality Power Control


Current Suggest
Parameter Reason
Setting Setting
data_qual_flag
l_rxqual_dl_p_data
l_rxqual_ul_p_data
hop_qual_enabled
l_rxqual_dl_p_hopping
l_rxqual_ul_p_hopping

Standard MS HO Power, MS Ho Power Level based on Path Loss Calculations (GSR3)


Current Suggest
Parameter Reason
Setting Setting
handover_power_level
use_derived_ho_power 0 1 Reduce MS UL power and interference

Optimised Power Control (GSR4)


Current Suggest
Parameter Reason
Setting Setting
dyn_step_adj
dyn_step_adj_fmpr
pow_inc_step_size_dl
pow_inc_step_size_ul
pow_red_step_size_dl
pow_red_step_size_ul

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Oscillation Prevention for MS Power Control
Current Suggest
Parameter Reason
Setting Setting
mspwr_alg

Rapid MS Power Down


Current Suggest
Parameter Reason
Setting Setting
rpd_pwr_down
rpd_period (TIMER)
rpd_trigger
rpd_offset

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14.2. Handover
Inter-cell Handover
Current Suggest
Parameter Reason
Setting Setting
inter_cell_handover_a
llowed

Intra-cell Handover
Current Suggest
Parameter Reason
Setting Setting
intra_cell_handover_a
llowed
ho_ack (TIMER)
hop_count
hop_count_ timer

Uplink Quality
Current Suggest
Parameter Reason
Setting Setting
ul_rxqual_ho_allowed
rxqual_ul_ho, hreqave
rxqual_ul_ho, hreqt
rxqual_ul_ho,
qual_weight
rxqual_ul_ho,
qual_pwr_flag
rxqual_ul_ho,
qual_margin
rxqual_ul_ho,
adj_qual_margin
decision_1_ul_rxqual_
av_h
l_rxqual_ul_h
u_rxqual_ul_h
decision_1_n6
decision_1_p6
w_qual

Uplink Interference
Current Suggest
Parameter Reason
Setting Setting
interfer_ho_allowed
rxlev_ul_ho, hreqave
rxlev_ul_ho, hreqt
rxlev_ul_ho,
qual_margin
rxlev_ul_ho,
adj_qual_margin
decision_1_ul_rxlev_
av_ih
u_rxlev_ul_ih
decision_1_n7
decision_1_p7

Downlink Quality
Current Suggest
Parameter Reason
Setting Setting
dl_rxqual_ho_allowed
rxqual_dl_ho, hreqave
rxqual_dl_ho, hreqt
rxqual_dl_ho,
qual_weight
rxqual_dl_ho,
qual_pwr_flag
rxqual_dl_ho,

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qual_margin
rxqual_dl_ho,
adj_qual_margin
decision_1_dl_rxqual_
av_h
l_rxqual_dl_h
u_rxqual_dl_h
decision_1_n6

decision_1_p6

w_qual

Downlink Interference
Current Suggest
Parameter Reason
Setting Setting
interfer_ho_allowed
rxlev_dl_ho, hreqave
rxlev_dl_ho, hreqt
rxlev_dl_ho,
qual_margin
rxlev_dl_ho,
adj_qual_margin
decision_1_dl_rxlev_
av_ih
u_rxlev_dl_ih
decision_1_n7
decision_1_p7

Uplink Level
Current Suggest
Parameter Reason
Setting Setting
ul_rxlev_ho_allowed
rxlev_ul_ho, hreqave
rxlev_ul_ho, hreqt
decision_1_ul_rxlev_
av_h
l_rxlev_ul_h
u_rxlev_ul_h
deicion_1_n5
decision_1_p5

Downlink Level
Current Suggest
Parameter Reason
Setting Setting
dl_rxlev_ho_allowed
rxlev_dl_ho, hreqave
rxlev_dl_ho, hreqt
decision_1_dl_rxlev_
av_h
l_rxlev_dl_h
u_rxlev_dl_h
decision_1_n5
decision_1_p5

Distance
Current Suggest
Parameter Reason
Setting Setting
ms_distance_allowed
rel_tim_adv, hreqave
rel_tim_adv, hreqt
decision_1_tim_adv_av_a
lg
ms_max_range
decision_1_n8
decision_1_p8

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poor_initial_assignment
timing_advance_period Define the interval between timing advance changes
(TIMER)

Power Budget
Current Suggest
Parameter Reason
Setting Setting
pwr_handover_allow
ed
rxlev_dl_ho, hreqave
rxlev_dl_ho, hreqt
surround_cell,
hreqave
decision_1_pbgt_rxl
ev_av_h
decision_1_ncell_rxl
ev_av_h_calc
max_tx_ms (serving
cell)
ms_tx_pwr_max_def
(internal neighbor
default)
ms_tx_pwr_max_cell
(external neighbor)
use_neighbor_pbgt_ 1
hreqave

Data and Hopping Quality Handover Control


Current Suggest
Parameter Reason
Setting Setting
data_qual_flag
l_rxqual_dl_h_data
l_rxqual_ul_h_data
hop_qual_enabled
l_rxqual_dl_h_hopping
l_rxqual_ul_h_hopping

14.3. Multiband

Multiband Handover
Current Suggest
Parameter Reason
Setting Setting
mb_preference
phase2_classmark_
allowed
early_classmark_sending
early_classmark_delay
interband_ho_allowed
band_preference
band_preference_mode
multiband_reporting

14.4. Miscellaneous
Criteria 1
Current Suggest
Parameter Reason
Setting Setting
rxlev_min_def 5 rxlev_min_def (internal neighbor default)
rxlev_min_cell 5 rxlev_min_cell (external neighbor)

Criteria 2
Current Suggest
Parameter Reason
Setting Setting
ho_margin_def 4,5

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Neighboring Cell Processing
Current Suggest
Parameter Reason
Setting Setting
ncell_pro 0
disuse_cnt_hreqave 0
ho_only_max_pwr 1
neighbor_journal 0
worse_neighbor_ho 0

Alternative Processing of Rxqual Measurements


Current Suggest
Parameter Reason
Setting Setting
alt_qual_proc 0 0 Quality Band Unit

Broadcast Control Channel Allocation (BA) Reinitialization


Current Suggest
Parameter Reason
Setting Setting
ba_alloac_proc 1

Missing Report
Current Suggest
Parameter Reason
Setting Setting
missing_rpt 0 0 Waiting for the actual data

Handover Timer
Current Suggest
Parameter Reason
Setting Setting
handover_recongniz
ed_period
bssmap_t7

Link Disconnection
Current Suggest
Parameter Reason
Setting Setting
radio_link_timeout
rr_t3109
link_about_to_fail
link_fail
full_pwr_rfloss

03/30/11 24/33
15. TOOLS AVAILABLE
COP – Event Counting Tool, Call Trace Product, Generic Look Up, Cell Analysis Tool 2
TEMS and Safco
K1103
Web Statisitcs
NetPlan
BSS Database
GEP

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16. PROBLEM ROOT CAUSE

16.1. High SDCCH Blocking

HIGH SD BLOCKING

N BUSY_SD_MAX
=MAX CONFIGUREDSD

Y
Find faulty TS
from BER stats
or check alarm
SD_MEAN_HOCDING Y May due to Phantom RACH and HO access burst, check
TIME CONVERGES to any same ARFCN and BSIC
T3101 Path Imbalance (SDCCH not on BCCH carrier)

Missing Neighbor or incorrect Review OK_ACC_PROC like


Check Neighbor BCCH being neighbor DB Path, CM_SERVICE_REQ_CALL,
Interfered TOTAL_CALL/ALLOC_TCH may PAGE_RESPONSE,LOCATION
be used UPDATE

Neighbor Cell Outage or own cell Lot of location N


carrier outage (l carrier can have Coverage Hole END
Update?
max 2 SD)

LAC BORDER REDESIGN ,


check t3121

Is out_INTRA_BSS_HO_RETURN AND N
out_INTER_BSS_HO_RETURN A LOT? END

Y No TCH BLOKING, ENABLE


Neighbor 磗 tx power
CHANNEL RE
reduced
CONFIGUPATION
Check neighbor in_intra_BSS_ho_return
and in_inter_bss_ho_Seize, if high,
Check neighbor 磗 fp

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16.2. High TCH Blocking
HIGH TCH BLOCKING

N BUSY_TCH_MAX
=MAX_CONFIGURED_TCH

Find faulty TS From


BER Stats or check Y
alarm

2. Missing Neighbor or 3. Its GCLK SHIFT causes


1. Any neighbor 磗 BCCH
incorrect Neighbor BSIC neighbor 磗 bsic 4. Long timer setting
interfered
undecoded intra_BSS HO_rrt3103
channel release_rrt3109

6. Check any co-located or close


micro-cell,see whether traffic
offload is possible by optismisig
DB

5. check
out_intra_bss_no_return and N
out_inter_bss_ho_return, it is END
high
7. If SD has no blocking. May reconfigure
channels or enable channel
reconfiguration feature

Y
Find neighbors which has high
in_intra_bss_ho_return
in_inter_bss_ho_seize then
check its fp

9. Coverage hole and improper DT & 8. check adjacent cell


Y Reduce ho margin and
orientation busy_tch_max, if the
busy_tch_max- enable congestion relief
8>configured TCH
10. Add radio to cell without
adding new cabinet

11. Increase of single or dualband N


MSs.
Site reconfiguration

12. Inappropriate congestion HO setting

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16.3. SDCCH Access Failure Rate
Note: SDCCH blocking is excluded.

LOW SDCCH ACCESS SUCCESS


RATE

1. Phantom RACH, check any 2. Path Balance, BCCH is OK bat


3. Link balance, DB power setting
same ARFCN and BSIC SD carrier not OK

4. HW Problem, check per carrier 5. UL Interference


chan_req_ms_fail stats. or check 6. Excessive TA
External check night line IOI
alarm High cell site
High UL Path Loss
Co. or adj. �channel interference

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16.4. Handover Failure & Loss

High HO Loss / Failure

2. Short rr_t3103 3. MSC Problem


1. Poor serving cell HDPC 4. Bad fp or external Interference -find %
setting of UL/DL Quality by out_ho_cause

6. Handover_power_level is max?
5. HO Failure 7. HO failure
- Incorrect External Neighbor - Check target cell fp
Database

8. HW (DRCU, Filter� Fault 9. Radio Calibration

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16.5. MSC Connection Rate

Low MSC Connection Rate

1. Paging Overflow Causing


2. Coverage Hole 3. SD RF loss
Discard

4. TCH BLOCKING 5. Infrequent Location Update 6. Cipher Mode Fail

8. MSC Connection Refused (MTL 9. Call clearing timer


7. Proper setting on
Congested) (t3109<<radio_link_timeout)
ms_txpwr_max_cch and
causing unclear call generating UL
ms_txpwr_max_def
interference

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16.6. SDCCH and TCH RF Loss

High SD & TCH RF LOSS

a. Neighbor´s BCCH Interfered


b. External Interference
c. Use guard band 2. Hardware
d. Use AMPS frequency (a)Path balance
-idea is 108;≥ 120 (serious UL Path Loss)
;≤ 100 (serious DL Path Loss)
(b)Radio
-check per carrier RF loss stats
(c) Neighbor cell outage
(d) GCLK SHIFT

Neighbor Blocking
-check (OUT_INTRA_BSS_HO_REQ_OUT_INTRA_BSS_HO_ATTEMPT)
or (OUT_INTER_BSS_REQ_TO_MSC_OUT_TNETER_BSS_HO_ATTEMPT)
and check neighbor′ s ALLOC_TCH_FAIL

Missing Neighbor, usually by drive test or trace-call


7. SD RF LOSS
Inconsistent coverage
Not enough overlapping
No SDCCH HO

5. Coverage hole, check UL Path Loss

8. Poor HDPC setting

9. Is out_intra_bss_ho_return N
and out_inter_bss_ho_return END
a lot?

Check neighbor in_intra_bss_ho_return and


in_inter_bss_ho_seize if high, check neighbor′ s fp

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16.7. Power Control
Sudden Power Drop
1. Incorrect call clearing timer setting
2. Faulty hardware

Slow Power Control


1. ho_only_max_pwr is turned on
2. Bad xx_p_con_ack and xx_p_con_interval

Power Control Window


1. Any external interference
2. Frequency planning technique
3. Speed of power down and up
4. Street or indoor coverage

16.8. Handover Problem


Ping Pong Handover
1. Bad radio calibration
2. Hardware fault
3. Negative handover allowed
4. Quality handover without turning on qual_pwr flag
5. Especially air combing, one of TX, RX antenna is blocked by building

Negative Handover
1. Neighbor journal
2. qual_margin_flag=0
3. Bad radio calibration between BCCH and non-BCCH
4. Turn on ho_magrin_rxqual feature with default value

No and Delay Handover


1. Inappriorate hreqave, hreqt and N & P voting
2. Negative handover margin
3. Improper setting on handover_recognised_period and bssmap_t7
4. Improper HO algorithm (Type 4, 6)
5. Blocking

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16.9. Others
Low Erlang Usage
1. Inappropriate C1, C2 and handover criteria

High Rxqual
1. Adjacent site interference
2. Same site MAIO assignment problem
3. High internal same site hit rate
4. External interference like cordless phone, alarm, BTS hardware

Undecode BSIC
1. GCLK shift
2. BCCH interfered

Spurious Coverage
1. Coverage optimization
2. TA control

Killed Paging
1. Too many access grant block reserved
2. Location area too large

No Paging After Mobile is on certain time period


1. MSC Location Update Timer < BSS Location Update Timer

No Call Setup
1. LACI is different between BSS and MSC
2. Cell BAR

Immediate Assignment Reject


1. NO SDCCH

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