Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 7

Present Continuous

Present Continuous Tense (или Present Progressive Tense) - настоящее длительное


время. Present Continuous выражает длительность действия в настоящем.

Как образуется Present Continuous


Affirmative form: to be (am/is/are) + ing form
Negative form: to be (am/is/are) + not + ing form
Interrogative: to be (am/is/are) + Subject + ing form

Example:
+ He is sleeping now.
– He is not sleeping now.
? Is he sleeping now ?

По общему правилу мы добавляем к глаголу —ing. Но с некоторыми глаголами


происходят изменения с появлением этого окончания, например:
У глаголов, заканчивающихся на —e, уходит конечная гласная: come – coming
Закрытый слог остается закрытым (удваиваем согласную) swim – swimming 
У глаголов, заканчивающихся на —ie, гласные —ie заменяются на —y: lie –lying 

Употребление Present Continuous


1. Action at the moment of speaking
Present Continuous иллюстрирует действие, которое происходит сейчас, в данный
момент речи. Слова маркеры: now (сейчас), at the moment (в данный момент).
–  What is she doing now? –  Что  она  сейчас делает?
2. Action on a current period (no time limits), temporary actions
Present Continuous  описывает период времени т.е. действие происходит в настоящий
момент, но не в определенный момент речи. Действие растянуто во времени, оно
началось и все еще продолжается. Слова маркеры: currently (сейчас, теперь),
now (сейчас), these days (на днях).
We are leaving for Ocean City. – Мы уезжаем в Оушен Сити. (мы начали планировать и
собираться, но в данный момент речи мы этого не делаем.)
Present Continuous показывает, что ситуация временная и не продолжится долго.
Слова маркеры: During (в течение), until (пока не), for (в течение).
She is staying in this town for 8 months. – Она остается в этом городе на 8 месяцев.
3. Future to the previous decisions = going to (no verbs of movement allowed)
Present Continuous описывает запланированные действия, которые 100% произойдут.
Слова маркеры: tomorrow (завтра), today (сегодня), tonight (вечером), this/next
week (на этой/следующей неделе).
We are coming tomorrow. – Мы придем завтра. (мы уже точно спланировали и решили,
что придем.)
4. Trait (emotionally coloured)
Present Continuous тут выражает недовольство, возмущение, раздражение.
Слова маркеры: always (всегда), all the time (все время), constantly (постоянно). Эти
слова помогают выразить недовольство действиями, которые кто-л. постоянно
выполняет.
You are always snoring! – Ты постоянно храпишь!
5. Stative verbs (глаголы состояния)
State verbs –глаголы, передающие состояние человека: его чувства, умственные
процессы, отношения.. Эти глаголы НЕЛЬЗЯ использовать в Present Continuous, но
встречаются глаголы с несколькими значениями и одно из них выражает действие.
A) Change of meaning – используем.
B) emotions, mental activities – не используем.
A girl  is tasting  a steak. – Девушка  пробует стейк на вкус.
The steak  tastes good. – У этого стейка прекрасный вкус.

Exercise 1.
Составьте предложения по образцу.
Example: Tim isn’t reading now. (to sleep) - Tim isn’t reading now. He is sleeping.
Colin and Den are playing now. (to work) — Colin and Den are playing now. They aren’t working.
Pupils aren’t writing a dictation now. (to translate the text) +
Margaret is washing the dishes, (to sweep the floor) —
The days are getting shorter, (to get longer) —
My Granny isn’t reading a magazine, (to watch TV) +
My friend and me are sunbathing, (to swim) —
The kitten isn’t sleeping, (to play) +
Greg and his boss aren’t having lunch, (to read a report) +
Cliff and Julia are preparing for the test, (to dance at the disco) —
My father isn’t washing his car. (to dig in the garden) +
I’m not learning a poem now. (to write an essay) +
You are skating now. (to play snowballs) —
I’m drinking tea now. (to drink coffee) —
My father and me aren’t listening to music now. (to listen to news) +

Exercise 2.
Сделайте предложения вопросительными.
We are gathering apples in the garden.
Mary is listening to music now.
I’m sweeping the floor in the kitchen.
The cat is running after the mouse.
The boys are making a plane.
The wind is getting stronger.
You’re building a nice house.
I’m taking a bath now.
A woman is feeding the chickens.
They are trying to catch a taxi.

Exercise 3.
Поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильную форму. Дайте краткие ответы на вопросы.
… Anna … (to type) the documents? — No, …. She … (to speak) to her boss.
… it … (to get cold)? — Yes, … . And the wind … (to get) stronger.
… you … (to look) through the papers? — No, I…. I… (to write) a report for the conference now.
… Bill and Mike … (to mend) the fence? — Yes,….
… your parents and you … (to rest) in the country house? — No, … . We … (to spend) our weekend at the
seaside.
… Edgar … (to play) a computer game? — Yes, ….
… the phone … (to ring)? — No, …. Somebody … (to ring) the door bell.
… your grandparents … (to rest)? — No, …. My grandparents … (to work) in the kitchen garden.
… the kitten … (to sleep)? — No, … . The kitten … (to hide) somewhere.
… you … (to slice) cheese? — No, I …. I … (to mix) the vegetable salad.

Exercise 4.
Переведите на английский язык.
Они сейчас украшают комнату.
Он ждет меня?
Мы сейчас не готовим ужин. Мы убираем кухню.
Анна не плавает сейчас. Она играет в волейбол со своими друзьями.
Вы слушаете меня? — Да, я слушаю вас внимательно.
Сейчас я отдыхаю в саду.
Мой брат ищет какую-то информацию для своего проекта.
Они сейчас не красят крышу дома. Они ремонтируют ворота.
ДЖейн сейчас принимает душ? — Нет, она готовит завтрак.
Вы моете руки? — Да.
Твои друзья готовятся к концерту? — Да, они сейчас обсуждают костюмы.
На улице идет дождь.

Exercise 5.
Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в форме Present Simple или Present Continuous.
1. Her father (not to watch) TV at the moment. He (to sleep) because he (to be) tired.
2. Where your uncle (to work)? – He (to work) at school.
3. Your friend (to do) his homework now?
4. When you usually (to come) home from school? – I (to come) at four o’clock.
5. My sister (not to play) the piano now. She (to play) the piano in the evening.
6. You (to read) a magazine and (to think) about your holiday at the moment?
7. I (to sit) in the waiting room at the dentist’s now.
8. When you (to listen) to the news on the radio?
9. You (to play) chess now?
10. My father (not to work) at the shop.
11. Look at the sky: the clouds (to move) slowly, the sun (to appear) from behind the clouds, it (to get)
warmer.
12. I (not to drink) coffee in the evening. I (to drink) coffee in the morning.
13. What your friend (to do) now? – She (to wash) the dishes.
14. Your grandfather (to work) at this factory?

Exercise 6.
Найдите ошибки и исправьте их.
1. She speak French very well. 2. I’m taking my umbrella because is raining. 3. I am hating hot milk. 4. Are
you understanding this rule now? 5. I am liking tea. 6. He is speaking three languages. 7. I’m so dirty. I am
need a bath now. 8. He is having a flat in the center. 9. Peter is in the kitchen. He cooks breakfast for the
family. 10.—Where is she? —She has her English lesson.

Exercise 7.
Используйте глаголы в скобках в форме Present Continuous или Present Simple
1. My wife normally __________ (work) at home, but she __________  (spend) this month in Italy.
2. Most days, Tom usually__________ (cycle) to work.
3. When________ the lesson __________  (start) today?
4. What’s your brother doing? He __________  (do) the crossword in the newspaper He __________
(do) it every day.
5. I’m afraid I’ll lose this game of chess. I__________ (play) very badly. I usually ______much better
(play).
6. What’s she doing? — She __________ (mend) her husband’s socks. She always__________ them.
(mend)
7. Yes, you can borrow my dictionary. I __________ (use) it a lot, but I __________ (not / use) it now.
8. We __________  (not travel) by train very often.
9. She ______________ (be) particularly generous this week.
10. It _____________ (snow) right now. It’s beautiful! I ____________ (like) this weather.

Слова которые НЕЛЬЗЯ использовать в Present Continuous


Эмоциональное состояние:
hate (ненавидеть)
hope (надеяться)
like (нравиться)
love (любить)
mind (возражать)
adore (обожать)
dislike (не нравится)
fear (бояться)
want (хотеть)
wish (желать)
Мышление и чувства:
understand (понимать)
realize (осознать)
remember (помнить)
seem (казаться)
sound (звучать)
hear (слышать)
know (знать)
mean (значить)
Complete the sentences. Use the Present Simple or Present Continuous
 
1. Alice (take, not) the bus to school every day. She usually (walk) instead. (Take, you) the
bus to get to school every day, or (walk, you)? 2. It (rain, not) right now. The sun (shine).
(Rain, it) a lot here? 3. Right now I (look) at the board. (I, see) some words on the
blackboard. 4. I (need) to call my parents today and tell them about my new apartment.
They can’t call me because they (know, not) my new telephone number. 5. The tea is good.
I (like) it. What kind is it? I (prefer) tea to coffee. How about you? 6. Right now the children
(be) at the beach. They (have) a good time. They (have) a beach ball and they (play) with it.
They (like) to play catch. Their parents (sunbathe). They (try) to get a tan. They (listen) to
some music on a transistor radio. Тheу also (hear) the sound of sea gulls and the sound of
the waves 7. Right now I (think) about sea gulls and waves. I (think) that sea gulls are
beautiful birds. 8. Sam is at the library. He (sit) at a table. He (write) a composition. He (use)
a dictionary to look up the spelling of some Words. The dictionary (belong, not) to him. It
(belong) to his roommate. Sam (look) up words in the dictionary because he (want) to make
sure that he doesn’ t have any misspelled words in his paper.
9. A: Which colour (prefer, you), red or blue?
В: I (like) blue better than red. Why?
A: According to this magazine article I (read) right now, people who (prefer) blue to red (be)
calm and (value) honesty and loyalty in their friends. A preference for the colour red (mean)
that a person (be) aggressive and (love) excitement.
B: Oh? That (sound) like a bunch of nonsense to me.
10. A: (Believe, you) in flying saucers?
B: What (talk, you) about?
A: You know spaceships from outer space with alien creatures aboard.
B: In my opinion, flying saucers (exist) only in people’s imagination.
11. Janice: What (write, you) in your notebook?
Diane: I (make) notes about questions I want to ask the teacher.
Janice: (Prepare, you, always) so thoroughly for every class? Diane: I (try, always) to.
12. Bob: Jack really makes me angry!
Sue: Why?
Bob: Well, for one thing, he (interrupt, always) me. I can barely get a whole sentence out of
my mouth.
Sue: Is that all?
Bob: No. He (ask, always) me to do his homework for him. I have enough homework of my
own without doing his homework too!
13. Mother: Susie! Get your fingers out of the dessert! What (do, you)?
Susie: I (taste) the cake. It (taste) good.
Mother: Well, you’ll just have to wait until dinner-time. You can have some then.
14. This morning it (rain). I can see Janet from my window. She (stand) at the comer of 5th
and Pine. She (hold) her umbrella over her head. She (wait) for the bus.
15. Right now I (look) at Janet. She (look) angry. I wonder what’s the matter. She (have) a
frown on her face. She certainly (have, not) any fun right now.