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32 DEUTSCHE NORM Ⱥɜɝɭɫɬ 1990


ɋɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ ɢ ɪɨɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɩɪɨɞɭɤɬɵ DIN
ɋɨɤɪɚɳɟɧɧɨɟ ɧɚɢɦɟɧɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɢ ɦɚɪɤɢɪɨɜɤɚ 51 502
ɟɦɤɨɫɬɟɣ, ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜ ɢ ɬɨɱɟɤ ɫɦɚɡɤɢ
ɜɦɟɫɬɨ ɢɡɞɚɧɢɹ 11.79

1. Ɉɛɥɚɫɬɶ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɰɟɥɶ 2.3. Ɇɚɪɤɢɪɨɜɤɚ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɦɚɫɟɥ ɞɥɹ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɟɣ


ɐɟɥɶɸ ɞɚɧɧɨɣ ɧɨɪɦɵ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɟɞɢɧɚɹ ɢ ɹɫɧɚɹ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɜɧɭɬɪɟɧɧɟɝɨ ɫɝɨɪɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɶɧɵɯ
ɫɨɤɪɚɳɟɧɢɣ ɜ ɧɚɢɦɟɧɨɜɚɧɢɹɯ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ, ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɬɪɚɧɫɦɢɫɫɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɦɚɫɟɥ
ɦɚɪɤɢɪɨɜɤɚ ɟɦɤɨɫɬɟɣ, ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜ ɢ ɬɨɱɟɤ ɫɦɚɡɤɢ ɜɨ ɋɨɤɪɚɳɟɧɧɨɟ ɧɚɢɦɟɧɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɷɬɢɯ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɦɚɫɟɥ ɫɨɫɬɨɢɬ ɢɡ
ɢɡɛɟɠɚɧɢɟ ɩɨɜɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɣ ɢɡ-ɡɚ ɫɥɭɱɚɣɧɨɣ ɩɭɬɚɧɢɰɵ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɛɭɤɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɣ ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 1, ɫɬɨɥɛɰɭ 4, ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ
ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ. ɛɭɤɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɣ ɤɥɚɫɫɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢ API ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 4/5,
ɗɬɚ ɧɨɪɦɚ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɚ ɞɥɹ ɟɞɢɧɨɣ ɢ ɞɨɥɝɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ ɞɨɩɨɥɧɟɧɧɨɟ ɤɥɚɫɫɚɦɢ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ SAE ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 6/7.
ɦɚɪɤɢɪɨɜɤɢ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɧɚ ɫɤɥɚɞɫɤɢɯ ɪɟɡɟɪɜɭɚɪɚɯ-
ɞɨɡɚɬɨɪɚɯ, ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚɯ ɢ ɜ ɬɨɱɤɚɯ ɫɦɚɡɤɢ. ȿɫɥɢ ɉɪɢɦɟɪɵ:
ɨɬɝɪɭɡɨɱɧɚɹ ɬɚɪɚ ɦɚɪɤɢɪɨɜɚɧɚ, ɬɨ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶ ɬɟ ɠɟ HD SF 15W-40
ɫɢɦɜɨɥɵ. HD CD 30
ɉɪɢ ɦɚɪɤɢɪɨɜɤɟ ɬɨɱɟɤ ɫɦɚɡɤɢ ɧɚ ɫɬɚɧɤɚɯ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɭɸɬ ɨɫɨɛɵɟ HYP GL 4 90
ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ, ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɧɵɟ ɧɨɪɦɨɣ DIN 8659, ɱɚɫɬɶ 1. ATF A (Suffix A) ɢɥɢ
ɛɭɤɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɭɸɳɟɣ ɫɩɟɰɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢ
2. Ɍɢɩ ɧɚɢɦɟɧɨɜɚɧɢɣ ɢ ɦɚɪɤɢɪɨɜɤɢ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɹ ɛɟɡ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɢɹ ɤɥɚɫɫɨɜ SAE.
2.1. Ɉɛɳɟɟ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ ɋɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɦ ɦɚɫɥɚɦ ɧɚ ɫɢɧɬɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɫɧɨɜɟ ɩɪɢɤɪɟɩɥɹɸɬɫɹ
ɋɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɦ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɚɦ ɩɪɢɫɜɚɢɜɚɸɬɫɹ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɡɧɚɤɢ, ɛɭɤɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 1, ɫɬɨɥɛɰɭ 4, ɝɪɭɩɩɟ
ɫɨɫɬɨɹɳɢɟ ɢɡ ɫɨɤɪɚɳɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɢɦɟɧɨɜɚɧɢɹ (ɨɫɧɨɜɧɵɯ ɢ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ 3 (ɫɢɦɜɨɥ ɫɦɨɬɪɢ ɜ ɫɬɨɥɛɰɟ 6).
ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɛɭɤɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɣ, ɨɬɥɢɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɱɢɫɥɚ),
ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɢɡ ɩɪɨɫɬɵɯ ɫɢɦɜɨɥɨɜ (ɝɟɨɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɮɢɝɭɪ). ɉɪɢɦɟɪ:
Ɉɫɧɨɜɚ ɨɬɥɢɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɡɧɚɤɚ ɢɦɟɟɬ ɛɟɥɵɣ ɰɜɟɬ, ɧɚɞɩɢɫɶ – ɱɟɪɧɚɹ. HD HC SG 5W-50

2.2. Ɇɚɪɤɢɪɨɜɤɚ 2.4. Ɇɚɪɤɢɪɨɜɤɚ ɩɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɵɯ ɫɦɚɡɨɤ


2.2.1. ɋɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ, ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ ɢ ɬɪɭɞɧɨ Ɇɚɪɤɢɪɨɜɤɚ ɩɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɵɯ ɫɦɚɡɨɤ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɩɨ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɦ
ɜɨɫɩɥɚɦɟɧɹɸɳɢɯɫɹ ɝɢɞɪɚɜɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɢ ɷɬɚɩɚɦ:
ɋɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ, ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ ɢ ɬɪɭɞɧɨ Ȼɭɤɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ (ɬɢɩ ɩɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɨɣ ɫɦɚɡɤɢ) ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 8,
ɜɨɫɩɥɚɦɟɧɹɸɳɢɟɫɹ ɝɢɞɪɚɜɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɢ ɢɦɟɸɬ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɫɬɨɥɛɰɭ 2, ɩɪɢ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɞɨɩɨɥɧɟɧɧɵɟ ɨɞɧɢɦ ɢɥɢ
ɫɨɤɪɚɳɟɧɢɹ: ɧɟɫɤɨɥɶɤɢɦɢ ɛɭɤɜɟɧɧɵɦɢ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹɦɢ (ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 3, ɟɫɥɢ ɷɬɨ
ɫɨɤɪɚɳɟɧɧɵɟ ɛɭɤɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 1, ɫɬɨɥɛɰɭ 4, ɩɪɢɦɟɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɤ ɩɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɵɦ ɫɦɚɡɤɚɦ).
ɝɪɭɩɩɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ 1 ɢ 2 (ɫɢɦɜɨɥ ɫɦɨɬɪɢ ɜ ɤɨɥɨɧɤɟ 6), ɩɪɢ ȼ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɩɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɵɯ ɫɦɚɡɨɤ ɧɚ ɫɢɧɬɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɫɧɨɜɟ ɛɭɤɜɟɧɧɵɟ
ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɞɨɩɨɥɧɟɧɧɵɟ ɨɞɧɢɦ ɢɥɢ ɧɟɫɤɨɥɶɤɢɦɢ ɛɭɤɜɟɧɧɵɦɢ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɫɬɚɜɹɬ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 1, ɝɪɭɩɩɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ 3
ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹɦɢ ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 3 ɢ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɟɦ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 2, (ɩɟɪɟɞ ɱɢɫɥɨɦ, ɭɤɚɡɵɜɚɸɳɟɦ ɧɚ ɤɥɚɫɫ ɤɨɧɫɢɫɬɟɧɰɢɢ).
ɫɬɨɥɛɰɭ 1. ɉɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɶ ɤɨɧɫɢɫɬɟɧɰɢɢ (ɤɥɚɫɫ NLGI) ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 9. Ⱦɨɛɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ
ɇɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ: ɩɨɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɯ ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɛɭɤɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɣ
AN 150 ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 10 (“ȼɨɞɨɫɬɨɣɤɨɫɬɶ ɩɪɢ ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɨɣ
HLP 46 ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɟ ɢ ɜɟɪɯɧɟɣ ɪɚɛɨɱɟɣ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɟ”) ɢ ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ
ɱɢɫɥɚ ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 11 (“ɇɢɠɧɹɹ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɚɹ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ”).
2.2.2. ɋɢɧɬɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɢ ɩɨɥɭɫɢɧɬɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɢ ɋɢɦɜɨɥɨɦ ɩɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɵɯ ɫɦɚɡɨɤ ɧɚ ɦɢɧɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɨɫɧɨɜɟ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ
ȼ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɫɢɧɬɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɢ ɩɨɥɭɫɢɧɬɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɟɣ ɬɪɟɭɝɨɥɶɧɢɤ, ɧɚ ɫɢɧɬɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɫɧɨɜɟ – ɪɨɦɛ.
ɛɭɤɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɝɪɭɩɩɢɪɭɸɬɫɹ ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 1, ɫɬɨɥɛɰɭ 4,
ɝɪɭɩɩɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ 3 (ɫɢɦɜɨɥ ɫɦɨɬɪɢ ɜ ɫɬɨɥɛɰɟ 6). ɂɫɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟ K 2 G – 20
ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɬ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ ɞɥɹ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɟɣ ɜɧɭɬɪɟɧɧɟɝɨ
ɫɝɨɪɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɶɧɵɟ ɬɪɚɧɫɦɢɫɫɢɨɧɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ. Ȼɭɤɜɟɧɧɨɟ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ (ɬɢɩ ɩɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɨɣ ɫɦɚɡɤɢ)
ɑɢɫɥɨ ɤɨɧɫɢɫɬɟɧɰɢɢ (ɤɥɚɫɫ NLGI)
ɉɪɢɦɟɪɵ: Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ ɛɭɤɜɟɧɧɨɟ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ
CLP PG 220 Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ ɱɢɫɥɨ
VDL HC 46 ɉɪɨɱɢɟ ɩɪɢɦɟɪɵ ɫɦɨɬɪɢ ɧɚ ɫɬɪɚɧɢɰɟ 6

ɉɪɨɞɨɥɠɟɧɢɟ ɧɚ ɫɬɪɚɧɢɰɚɯ 2 – 8

Ʉɨɦɢɬɟɬ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɨɜ ɩɨ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɸ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ (NMP) ɜ Ƚɟɪɦɚɧɫɤɨɦ ɂɧɫɬɢɬɭɬɟ DIN ɩɨ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɢɡɚɰɢɢ


ɋɩɟɰɢɚɥɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɣ ɤɨɦɢɬɟɬ (FAM) ɩɨ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɦɢɧɟɪɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɦɚɫɟɥ ɢ ɝɨɪɸɱɢɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɩɪɢ NMP
Ʉɨɦɢɬɟɬ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɨɜ ɝɨɪɧɨɣ ɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ (FABERG) ɩɨ DIN
Ʉɨɦɢɬɟɬ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɨɜ ɦɚɲɢɧɨɫɬɪɨɟɧɢɹ (NAM) ɩɨ DIN
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 1. Ȼɭɤɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɫɢɦɜɨɥɵ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ, ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɦɚɫɟɥ, ɬɪɭɞɧɨɜɨɫɩɥɚɦɟɧɹɟɦɵɯ
ɝɢɞɪɚɜɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɟɣ ɢ ɫɢɧɬɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɢ ɩɨɥɭɫɢɧɬɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɟɣ.
1 2 3 4 5 6
ɇɚɢɦɟɧɨɜɚɧɢɟ Ɂɚɮɢɤɫɢɪɨɜɚɧɨ
Ȼɭɤɜɟɧɧɨɟ
ʋ ɝɪɭɩɩɵ Ɍɢɩ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɚ (ɩɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɟ) ɋɢɦɜɨɥ
ɫɨɤɪɚɳɟɧɢɟ ɜ ɞɥɹ
ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ
ɋɦɚɡɨɱɧɨɟ ɦɚɫɥɨ AN (ɨɛɵɱɧɵɟ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ) AN DIN 51502 L-AN1)
Ɇɚɫɥɚ ATF (Automatic Transmission Fluid) ATF - -
ɋɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ B (ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ, ɛɢɬɭɦɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɳɢɟ) B DIN 51513 BA, BB, BC
ɋɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ C (ɰɢɪɤɭɥɹɰɢɨɧɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ) C DIN 51517, ɱ. 1-3 C, CL, CLP2)
ɋɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ CG
CG2) - -
(ɦɚɫɥɚ ɞɥɹ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɹɸɳɢɯ ɫɤɨɥɶɠɟɧɢɹ)
ɋɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ D
D - -
(ɦɚɫɥɚ ɞɥɹ ɩɧɟɜɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜ)
Ɇɚɫɥɚ F (ɦɚɫɥɚ ɞɥɹ ɜɨɡɞɭɲɧɵɯ ɮɢɥɶɬɪɨɜ) F - -
Ɇɚɫɥɚ FS (ɮɨɪɦɨɜɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ) FS - -
Ƚɢɞɪɚɜɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ H H DIN 51524, ɱ.1 ɢ ɱ.2 HL, HLP
Ɇɢɧɟɪɚɥɶɧɵɟ Ƚɢɞɪɚɜɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ HV HV DIN 51524, ɱ. 3 HVLP2)
ɦɚɫɥɚ
1 (ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ, Ɇɚɫɥɚ HD (ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ ɞɥɹ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɟɣ) HD - -
ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɟ Ɇɚɫɥɚ HYP
HYP - -
ɦɚɫɥɚ) (ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ ɞɥɹ ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɶɧɵɯ ɬɪɚɧɫɦɢɫɫɢɣ)
Ɇɚɫɥɚ J (ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɡɨɥɹɰɢɨɧɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ) J - JA, JB
Ɇɚɲɢɧɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ ɞɥɹ ɯɨɥɨɞɢɥɶɧɵɯ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɨɤ K K DIN 51503, ɱ. 1 KA, KC
Ɇɚɫɥɚ L (ɡɚɤɚɥɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ) L - -
Ɇɚɫɥɚ-ɬɟɩɥɨɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɢ Q Q DIN 51522 -
Ɇɚɫɥɚ R (ɚɧɬɢɤɨɪɪɨɡɢɨɧɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ) R - -
Ɇɚɫɥɚ S (ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɨ-ɨɯɥɚɠɞɚɸɳɢɟ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɢ) S - -
ɋɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ TD TD DIN 51515, ɱ. 1 L-TD1)
ɋɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ V (ɤɨɦɩɪɟɫɫɨɪɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ) V DIN 51506 VB, VBL, VC, VCL, VDL
Ɇɚɫɥɚ W (ɩɪɨɤɚɬɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ) W -
ɋɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ Z (ɦɚɫɥɚ ɞɥɹ ɩɚɪɨɜɵɯ ɰɢɥɢɧɞɪɨɜ) Z DIN 51510
ɗɦɭɥɶɫɢɹ “ɦɚɫɥɨ ɜ ɜɨɞɟ” HFA3) DIN 24 320 HFAE, HFAS4)
Ɍɪɭɞɧɨɜɨɫɩɥ. ɗɦɭɥɶɫɢɹ “ɜɨɞɚ ɜ ɦɚɫɥɟ” HFB3) - -
2 ɝɢɞɪɚɜɥɢɱ. ȼɨɞɧɵɟ ɩɨɥɢɦɟɪɧɵɟ ɪɚɫɬɜɨɪɵ HFC 3)
- -
ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɢ
HFDR, HFDS,
Ȼɟɡɜɨɞɧɵɟ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɢ HFD 3)
-
HFDT, HFDU
ɋɥɨɠɧɵɟ ɷɮɢɪɵ, ɨɪɝɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ E - -
ɉɟɪɮɬɨɪɢɫɬɵɟ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɢ FK - -

ɋɢɧɬɟɬɢɱ. ɢ ɋɢɧɬɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɭɝɥɟɜɨɞɨɪɨɞɵ HC - -


3 ɩɨɥɭɫɢɧɬɟɬɢɱ. ɋɥɨɠɧɵɟ ɷɮɢɪɵ ɮɨɫɮɨɪɧɨɣ ɤɢɫɥɨɬɵ PH - -
ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɢ ɉɨɥɢɝɥɢɤɨɥɟɜɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ PG - -
ɋɢɥɢɤɨɧɨɜɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ SI - -
ɉɪɨɱɢɟ X - -
1)
Ɇɟɠɞɭɧɚɪɨɞɧɨɟ ɛɭɤɜɟɧɧɨɟ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ɤɥɚɫɫɚ L (Lubricants) ɦɨɠɧɨ ɨɩɭɫɬɢɬɶ.
2)
ȼ ISO/TR 3498: 1986 ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɸɬɫɹ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɛɭɤɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ: ɞɥɹ CL = CB, ɞɥɹ ɋLP = CC, ɞɥɹ CG = G, ɞɥɹ HL = HL, ɞɥɹ HLP = HM,
ɞɥɹ HVLP = HV
3)
ɗɬɚ ɩɨɞɝɪɭɩɩɚ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɟɬ ISO 6743/4:1982 ɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɜ 6-ɨɦ Ʌɸɤɫɟɦɛɭɪɝɫɤɨɦ ɨɬɱɟɬɟ (ɩɨɫɬɨɹɧɧɵɣ ɤɨɦɢɬɟɬ ɩɨ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɨɣ
ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ ɜ ɤɚɦɟɧɧɨɭɝɨɥɶɧɨɣ ɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ).
4)
ɇɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ, ɞɥɹ HFAS ɟɳɟ ɧɟɬ ɧɨɪɦɵ ɩɨ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹɦ.
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 2. ɑɢɫɥɚ ɞɥɹ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɤɥɚɫɫɨɜ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 3. Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɛɭɤɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ
ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ (ɡɚ ɢɫɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟɦ
ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɦɚɫɟɥ ɞɥɹ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɟɣ, ɬɪɚɧɫɦɢɫɫɢɣ
ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɟɣ ɢ ɬɪɭɞɧɨ ɜɨɫɩɥɚɦɟɧɹɸɳɢɯɫɹ
ɝɢɞɪɚɜɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɟɣ).

1 2 3 1 2
Ʉɥɚɫɫɵ ɑɢɫɥɨ1) Ʉɢɧɟɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɶ2) Ⱦɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ
ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ ISO ɦɦ2/ɫ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɶ2), ɦɉɚ · ɫ ɛɭɤɜɟɧɧɨɟ ɋɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ
ɩɨ DIN 51519 ɩɪɢ 20°ɋ ɩɪɢ 40°ɋ ɩɪɢ 50°ɋ ɩɪɢ 40°ɋ ɫɨɤɪɚɳɟɧɢɟ
ISO VG 2 2 ≈ 3,3 2,2 ≈ 1,3 ≈ 2,0
Ⱦɥɹ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɦɚɫɟɥ ɫ ɦɨɸɳɢɦɢ
ISO VG 3 3 ≈5 3,2 ≈ 2,7 ≈ 2,9 D ɩɪɢɫɚɞɤɚɦɢ (ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ, ɝɢɞɪɚɜɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ
ISO VG 5 5 ≈8 4,6 ≈ 3,7 ≈ 4,1 ɦɚɫɥɚ HLPD)
ISO VG 7 7 ≈ 13 6,8 ≈ 5,2 ≈ 6,2 Ⱦɥɹ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɦɚɫɟɥ, ɫɦɟɲɢɜɚɟɦɵɯ ɫ
ISO VG 10 10 ≈ 21 10 ≈7 ≈ 9,1 ɜɨɞɨɣ, ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ, ɫɦɟɲɢɜɚɟɦɵɟ ɫ ɜɨɞɨɣ
E ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɨ-ɨɯɥɚɠɞɚɸɳɢɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ
ISO VG 15 15 ≈ 34 15 ≈ 11 ≈ 13,5 (ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ, ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɨ-ɨɯɥɚɠɞɚɸɳɢɣ
ISO VG 22 22 - 22 ≈ 15 ≈ 18 ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥ SE)
ISO VG 32 32 - 32 ≈ 20 ≈ 29 Ⱦɥɹ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɫ ɩɪɢɫɚɞɤɚɦɢ
ISO VG 46 46 - 46 ≈ 30 ≈ 42 ɜ ɜɢɞɟ ɬɜɟɪɞɵɯ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɜɟɳɟɫɬɜ ɤɚɤ
F
ɝɪɚɮɢɬ, ɞɢɫɭɥɶɮɢɞ ɦɨɥɢɛɞɟɧɚ (ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ,
ISO VG 68 68 - 68 ≈ 40 ≈ 61 ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɨɟ ɦɚɫɥɨ CLPF)
ISO VG 100 100 - 100 ≈ 60 ≈ 90 Ⱦɥɹ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɦɚɫɟɥ ɫ ɚɤɬɢɜɧɵɦɢ
ISO VG 150 150 - 150 ≈ 90 ≈ 135 ɜɟɳɟɫɬɜɚɦɢ, ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɦɢ ɞɥɹ
ISO VG 220 220 - 220 ≈ 130 ≈ 200 ɭɥɭɱɲɟɧɢɹ ɚɧɬɢɤɨɪɪɨɡɢɨɧɧɨɣ ɡɚɳɢɬɵ
L
ɢ/ɢɥɢ ɨɤɢɫɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɫɬɚɛɢɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ
ISO VG 320 320 - 320 ≈ 180 ≈ 290 (ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ, ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɨɟ ɦɚɫɥɨ ɩɨ DIN
ISO VG 460 460 - 460 ≈ 250 ≈ 415 51517 – CLP 100)
ISO VG 680 680 - 680 ≈ 360 ≈ 620 Ⱦɥɹ ɫɦɟɲɢɜɚɟɦɵɯ ɫ ɜɨɞɨɣ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɨ-
ISO VG 1000 1000 - 1000 ≈ 510 ≈ 900 ɨɯɥɚɠɞɚɸɳɢɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ, ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɳɢɯ
M
ɞɨɥɸ ɦɢɧɟɪɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɦɚɫɟɥ (ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ,
ISO VG 1500 1500 - 1500 ≈ 740 ≈ 1350 ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɨ-ɨɯɥɚɠɞɚɸɳɢɣ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥ SEM)
1)
ɑɢɫɥɚ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɬ ɫɨɛɨɣ ɫɪɟɞɧɸɸ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɶ ɫ ɩɪɟɞɟɥɶɧɨɣ Ⱦɥɹ ɫɦɟɲɢɜɚɟɦɵɯ ɫ ɜɨɞɨɣ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɨ-
ɩɨɝɪɟɲɧɨɫɬɶɸ ± 10%. ɨɯɥɚɠɞɚɸɳɢɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɧɚ
S
2)
ɉɪɢ ɩɟɪɟɫɱɟɬɟ ɤɢɧɟɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɜ ɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɭɸ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɶ ɡɚ ɨɫɧɨɜɭ ɫɢɧɬɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɫɧɨɜɟ (ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ,
ɛɵɥɢ ɩɪɢɧɹɬɵ ɫɪɟɞɧɢɟ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɢ ɩɥɨɬɧɨɫɬɢ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɨ-ɨɯɥɚɠɞɚɸɳɢɣ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥ SES)
ɦɚɫɟɥ Ⱦɥɹ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɫ ɚɤɬɢɜɧɵɦɢ
Ʉɢɧɟɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɶ ɜ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɟ ɋɂ ɢɡɦɟɪɹɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɦ2/ɫ. ɜɟɳɟɫɬɜɚɦɢ, ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɦɢ ɞɥɹ
1 ɦɦ2/ɫ = 1 · 10-6 ɦ2/ɫ ɭɦɟɧɶɲɟɧɢɹ ɬɪɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɢɡɧɨɫɚ ɜ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ
Ⱦɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɶ ɜ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɟ ɋɂ ɢɡɦɟɪɹɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɉɚ· ɫ P ɫɦɟɲɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɬɪɟɧɢɹ ɢ/ɢɥɢ ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɹ
1 ɦɉɚ·ɫ = 1 · 10-3 ɉɚ·ɫ ɩɪɟɞɟɥɶɧɨ ɞɨɩɭɫɬɢɦɨɣ ɧɚɝɪɭɡɤɢ
(ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ, ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɨɟ ɦɚɫɥɨ ɩɨ DIN
51517 – CLP 100)
Ⱦɥɹ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ,
V1) ɪɚɡɛɚɜɥɹɟɦɵɯ ɪɚɫɬɜɨɪɢɬɟɥɹɦɢ (ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ,
ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɨɟ ɦɚɫɥɨ DIN 51513 – BB-V)
ȼ ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɨɬ ɨɛɫɬɨɹɬɟɥɶɫɬɜ ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ ɛɭɤɜɟɧɧɨɟ
ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ V ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɡɧɚɤɨɦ ɩɪɟɞɩɢɫɚɧɢɹ ɨɛ ɨɩɚɫɧɵɯ
ɜɟɳɟɫɬɜɚɯ (Gafahrstoffverordnung-GefStoffV).
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 4. Ʉɥɚɫɫɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɹ API ɞɥɹ ɦɨɬɨɪɧɵɯ Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 5. Ʉɥɚɫɫɵ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ ɦɨɬɨɪɧɵɯ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɦɚɫɟɥ SAE, ɩɨ DIN 51
ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɦɚɫɟɥ (ɫɦɨɬɪɢ SAE J 183, 511
ɦɚɪɬ 88; ɜɵɞɟɪɠɤɚ)
Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬ. Ɇɚɤɫɢɦɚɥɶɧɚɹ Ʉɢɧɟɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɶ3)
Ʉɥɚɫɫɵ Ɇɚɤɫɢɦɚɥɶɧɚɹ
ɛɭɤɜɟɧɧɨɟ Ɉɩɢɫɚɧɢɟ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ ɩɪɢ 100°ɋ
ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ ɤɚɠɭɳɚɹɫɹ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɶ 1)
ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ɩɪɨɤɚɱɢɜɚɧɢɹ2) ɦɦ2/ɫ
SAE ɦɉɚ· ɫ ɩɪɢ °ɋ
Ʉɥɚɫɫɵ S (Service Station) °ɋ ɦɢɧ. ɦɚɤɫ.
ɋɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɣɧɵɦ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɦ 0W 3250 ɩɪɢ –30 -35 3,8 -
SE 1972-US ɩɨ ɫɦɚɡɤɟ ɛɟɧɡɢɧɨɜɵɯ 5W 3500 ɩɪɢ –25 -30 3,8 -
ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɟɣ. 10 W 3500 ɩɪɢ –20 -25 4,1 -
ɋɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɣɧɵɦ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɦ 15 W 3500 ɩɪɢ –15 -20 5,6 -
1980-US ɩɨ ɫɦɚɡɤɟ ɛɟɧɡɢɧɨɜɵɯ 20 W 4500 ɩɪɢ –10 -15 5,6 -
ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɟɣ. ɉɪɢɫɚɞɤɢ ɩɪɨɬɢɜ ɜɵɫɨɤɨ- ɢ 25 W 6000 ɩɪɢ –5 -10 9,3 -
SF ɧɢɡɤɨɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɧɵɯ ɨɬɥɨɠɟɧɢɣ, 20 - - 5,6 < 9,3
ɢɡɧɨɫɚ, ɤɨɪɪɨɡɢɢ. ɉɨ ɫɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɸ ɫ SE 30 - - 9,3 < 12,5
ɭɥɭɱɲɟɧɚ ɨɤɢɫɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɚɹ ɫɬɚɛɢɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ ɢ 40 - - 12,5 < 16,3
ɚɧɬɢɤɨɪɪɨɡɢɨɧɧɚɹ ɡɚɳɢɬɚ. 50 - - 16,3 < 21,9
ɋɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɧɵɦ
1)
ɂɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɟ ɩɨ DIN 51377
ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹɦ ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɶɧɨɣ 2)
ɂɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɟ ɩɨ ASTM D 3829
SG ɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɤ 3)
ɂɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɟ ɩɨ DIN 51550 ɜ ɫɨɱɟɬɚɧɢɢ ɫ DIN 51561 ɢɥɢ DIN 51562, ɱɚɫɬɶ 1
ɨɤɢɫɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɫɬɚɛɢɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ
ɲɥɚɦɨɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ (1988). Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 7. Ʉɥɚɫɫɵ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɦɚɫɟɥ SAE ɞɥɹ ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɶɧɵɯ
Ʉɥɚɫɫɵ C (Commercial) ɬɪɚɧɫɦɢɫɫɢɣ, ɩɨ DIN 51512
ɋɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹɦ Ʉɥɚɫɫɵ Ɇɚɤɫɢɦɚɥɶɧɚɹ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ ɞɥɹ Ʉɢɧɟɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɶ
ɛɟɡɧɚɞɞɭɜɨɱɧɵɯ ɞɢɡɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɟɣ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ ɤɚɠɭɳɟɣɫɹ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ ɜ 150 000 ɦɉɚ· ɫ ɩɪɢ 100°ɋ ɩɨ DIN 51550
ɋɋ ɨɬ 1961 ɝɨɞɚ. ɉɪɢɫɚɞɤɢ ɩɪɨɬɢɜ ɜɵɫɨɤɨ- SAE ɩɨ DIN 51398 ɦɦ2/ɫ
ɧɢɡɤɨɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɧɵɯ ɨɬɥɨɠɟɧɢɣ, °C ɦɢɧ. ɦɚɤɫ.
ɤɨɪɪɨɡɢɢ. 70 W -55 4,1 -
ɋɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹɦ ɞɢɡɟɥɶɧɵɯ 75 W -40 4,1 -
ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɟɣ ɫ ɧɚɞɞɭɜɨɦ, 80 W -26 7,0 -
ɮɭɧɤɰɢɨɧɢɪɭɸɳɢɯ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɧɚ ɬɨɩɥɢɜɟ 85 W -12 11,0 -
CD
ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɳɟɦ ɛɨɥɶɲɟɟ ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨ ɫɟɪɵ. 90 - 13,5 < 24,0
ɉɪɢɫɚɞɤɢ ɩɪɨɬɢɜ ɜɵɫɨɤɨɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɧɵɯ 140 - 24,0 < 41,0
ɨɬɥɨɠɟɧɢɣ, ɢɡɧɨɫɚ, ɤɨɪɪɨɡɢɢ. 250 - 41,0 -
ɋɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹɦ ɩɨ
ɭɥɭɱɲɟɧɧɨɣ ɱɢɫɬɨɬɟ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ (ɱɢɫɬɨɬɚ
CE
ɩɨɪɲɧɟɣ) ɢ ɫɧɢɠɟɧɧɨɦɭ ɪɚɫɯɨɞɭ ɦɚɫɥɚ
ɜ ɜɵɫɨɤɨɦɨɳɧɵɯ ɞɢɡɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹɯ.

Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 5. Ʉɥɚɫɫɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɹ API ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɦɚɫɟɥ ɞɥɹ ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɶɧɵɯ ɬɪɚɧɫɦɢɫɫɢɣ


(ɫɦɨɬɪɢ SAE J 308c)
ɍɫɥɨɜɢɹ
Ɍɢɩ ɦɚɫɥɚ ɢɥɢ
Ʉɥɚɫɫɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ
Ɍɢɩ ɬɪɚɧɫɦɢɫɫɢɢ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɟ
API ɬɪɚɧɫɦɢɫɫɢɨɧɧɵɯ
ɫɩɟɰɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢ
ɦɚɫɟɥ
ɝɢɩɨɢɞɧɚɹ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɚ ɫ
ɧɟɛɨɥɶɲɢɦ ɫɦɟɳɟɧɢɟɦ
GL-4 ɫɪɟɞɧɢɟ/ɬɹɠɟɥɵɟ MIL-L-2105
ɦɨɫɬɚ, ɪɭɱɧɨɟ ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟ
ɢ ɩɪ.
MIL-L-2105
GL-5 ɬɹɠɟɥɵɟ ɝɢɩɨɢɞɧɚɹ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɚ ɢ ɩɪ.
BɢC
ɝɢɩɨɞɧɚɹ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɚ ɢ
ESW-M2C 105 A
GL-6 ɧɚɢɬɹɠɟɥɟɣɲɢɟ ɜɵɫɨɤɢɦ ɫɦɟɳɟɧɢɟɦ ɦɨɫɬɚ,
(FORD)
ɧɚɢɜɵɫɲɚɹ ɧɚɝɪɭɡɤɚ
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 8. Ȼɭɤɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɫɢɦɜɨɥɵ ɩɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɵɯ Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 10. Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɛɭɤɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ
ɫɦɚɡɨɤ (ɰɜɟɬ: ɛɟɥɵɣ) ɩɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɵɯ ɫɦɚɡɨɤ
1 2 3 1 2 3
Ȼɭɤɜɟɧɧɨɟ ȼɨɞɨɫɬɨɣɤɨɫɬɶ ɩɨ
Ɍɢɩ ɩɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɨɣ ɫɦɚɡɤɢ ɋɢɦɜɨɥ Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ
ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ȼɟɪɯɧɹɹ ɪɚɛɨɱɚɹ DIN 51807, ɱ. 1
ɛɭɤɜɟɧɧɨɟ
ɉɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɵɟ ɫɦɚɡɤɢ ɞɥɹ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ1) ɫɬɭɩɟɧɶ ɨɰɟɧɤɢ
ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ
ɩɨɞɲɢɩɧɢɤɨɜ ɤɚɱɟɧɢɹ, ɩɨ DIN 518072)
Ʉ1)
ɫɤɨɥɶɠɟɧɢɹ, ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɟɣ C 0-40 ɢɥɢ 1-40
+ 60°C
ɫɤɨɥɶɠɟɧɢɹ ɩɨ DIN 51825 D 2-40 ɢɥɢ 3-40
ɉɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɵɟ ɫɦɚɡɤɢ ɞɥɹ Ⱦɥɹ ɩɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɵɯ E 0-40 ɢɥɢ 1-40
+ 80°C
ɡɚɦɤɧɭɬɵɯ ɬɪɚɧɫɦɢɫɫɢɣ ɩɨ G ɫɦɚɡɨɤ ɧɚ F 2-40 ɢɥɢ 3-40
DIN 51826 ɦɢɧɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ G 0-90 ɢɥɢ 1-90
+ 100°C
ɉɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɵɟ ɫɦɚɡɤɢ ɞɥɹ ɨɫɧɨɜɟ H 2-90 ɢɥɢ 3-90
ɨɬɤɪɵɬɵɯ ɬɪɚɧɫɦɢɫɫɢɣ, K 0-90 ɢɥɢ 1-90
+ 120°C
ɡɚɰɟɩɥɟɧɢɣ (ɚɞɝɟɡɢɜɧɵɟ OG M 2-90 ɢɥɢ 3-90
ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ ɛɟɡ N + 140°C
ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɹ ɛɢɬɭɦɨɜ) P + 160°C
ɉɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɵɟ ɫɦɚɡɤɢ ɞɥɹ R + 180°C ɩɨ
ɩɨɞɲɢɩɧɢɤɨɜ ɫɤɨɥɶɠɟɧɢɹ ɢ M S + 200°C ɞɨɝɨɜɨɪɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ
ɭɩɥɨɬɧɢɬɟɥɟɣ2) T + 220°C
ɉɨ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɵɦ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚɦ Ⱦɨɛɚɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ Ⱦɥɹ ɩɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɵɯ U ɫɜɵɲɟ + 220°ɋ
ɩɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɵɟ ɫɦɚɡɤɢ ɧɚ ɛɭɤɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɫɦɚɡɨɤ ɧɚ ɨɫɧɨɜɟ 1)
“ȼɟɪɯɧɹɹ ɪɚɛɨɱɚɹ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ” ɞɥɹ ɧɟɩɪɟɪɵɜɧɨɣ ɫɦɚɡɤɢ
ɫɢɧɬɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɨɫɧɨɜɟ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɫɢɧɬɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɦɚɤɫɢɦɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɨɣ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɟ ɩɪɢ
ɦɚɪɤɢɪɭɸɬɫɹ ɚɧɚɥɨɝɢɱɧɨ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɦɚɫɥɚ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɢ ɩɨ DIN 51806, ɱɚɫɬɶ 2 (ɜ ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɟ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɜ ɜɢɞɟ
ɜɵɲɟɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɵɦ ɫɦɚɡɤɚɦ ɧɚ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 1, ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ) ɢ/ɢɥɢ DIN 51821, ɱɚɫɬɶ 2, ɟɫɥɢ ɯɨɞɨɜɨɟ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɟ
ɦɢɧɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɨɫɧɨɜɟ. ɝɪɭɩɩɟ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɨ.
2)
ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ 3
0 – ɧɢɤɚɤɢɯ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɣ
1)
ȼ ISO/TR 3498:1986 ɜɦɟɫɬɨ ɛɭɤɜɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ K 1 – ɧɟɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ
ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɛɭɤɜɵ XM 2 – ɫɪɟɞɧɢɟ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ
2)
Ȼɨɥɟɟ ɧɢɡɤɢɟ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹ, ɱɟɦ ɬɟ, ɱɬɨ ɩɪɟɞɴɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɤ 3 – ɫɢɥɶɧɵɟ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ
ɩɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɵɦ ɫɦɚɡɤɚɦ K

Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 9. ɉɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɢ ɤɨɧɫɢɫɬɟɧɰɢɢ ɩɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɵɯ ɫɦɚɡɨɤ


1 2
ɉɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɶ ɤɨɧɫɢɫɬɟɧɰɢɢ ɑɢɫɥɨ ɩɟɧɟɬɪɚɰɢɢ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɩɨ
(ɤɥɚɫɫɵ NLGI ɩɨ DIN DIN ISO 2137,
51818) ɟɞɢɧɢɰɵ
000 445 ɞɨ 475
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 11. Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɱɢɫɥɚ ɩɪɢ ɦɚɪɤɢɪɨɜɤɟ
00 400 ɞɨ 430
ɩɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɵɯ ɫɦɚɡɨɤ
0 355 ɞɨ 385
1 310 ɞɨ 340 1 2
2 265 ɞɨ 295 Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ ɱɢɫɥɨ ɇɢɠɧɹɹ ɪɚɛɨɱɚɹ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ
3 220 ɞɨ 250 -10 -10°ɋ
4 175 ɞɨ 205 -20 -20°ɋ
5 130 ɞɨ 160 -30 -30°ɋ
6 85 ɞɨ 1152) -40 -40°ɋ
1)
1 ɟɞɢɧɢɰɚ = 0,1 ɦɦ -50 -50°ɋ
2)
ɉɟɧɟɬɪɚɰɢɹ ɜ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɢ ɩɨɤɨɹ -60 -60°ɋ
2.5. ɉɪɢɦɟɪɵ ɦɚɪɤɢɪɨɜɤɢ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɉɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɚɹ ɫɦɚɡɤɚ K 3 N-20 (ɨɫɧɨɜɚ:
Ƚɢɞɪɚɜɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɦɚɫɥɨ (ɦɨɬɨɪɧɨɟ ɦɚɫɥɨ) HLP 32. ɦɢɧɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɟ ɦɚɫɥɨ).
Ȼɭɤɜɟɧɧɨɟ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ɢ ɫɢɦɜɨɥ ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 1, K Ȼɭɤɜɟɧɧɨɟ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ (ɬɢɩ ɩɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɨɣ
HLP ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɛɭɤɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ ɫɦɚɡɤɢ) ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 8, ɫɬɨɥɛɟɰ 2.
32 3 (ɫ ɚɧɬɢɤɨɪɪɨɡɢɨɧɧɨɣ ɢ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɢɡɧɨɫɧɨɣ 3 N-20 ɉɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɶ ɤɨɧɫɢɫɬɟɧɰɢɢ ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 9
ɡɚɳɢɬɨɣ), ɩɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɶ ɤɥɚɫɫɚ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ ISO ɩɨ (ɤɥɚɫɫɵ NLGI). Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ
ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 2 (ɨɤɨɥɨ 32 ɦɦ2/ɫ ɩɪɢ 40°ɋ). ɛɭɤɜɟɧɧɨɟ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 10
(ɜɟɪɯɧɹɹ ɪɚɛɨɱɚɹ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ +140°ɋ).
ɋɦɚɡɨɱɧɨɟ ɦɚɫɥɨ ɞɥɹ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɟɣ (ɦɢɧɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɟ Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ ɱɢɫɥɨ ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 11
HD ɦɚɫɥɨ) HD SF/CC 15W-40. (ɧɢɠɧɹɹ ɪɚɛɨɱɚɹ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ –20°ɋ).
SF/CC Ȼɭɤɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɫɢɦɜɨɥ ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 1, ɋɢɦɜɨɥ ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 8, ɫɬɨɥɛɟɰ 3.
15W-40 ɤɥɚɫɫɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɹ API ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 4, ɤɥɚɫɫɵ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ
SAE ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 6.
ɉɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɚɹ ɫɦɚɡɤɚ K SI 3 R-30 (ɨɫɧɨɜɚ:
ɋɦɚɡɨɱɧɨɟ ɦɚɫɥɨ ɞɥɹ ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɶɧɵɯ ɬɪɚɧɫɦɢɫɫɢɣ ɫɢɥɢɤɨɧɨɜɨɟ ɦɚɫɥɨ).
HYP (ɦɢɧɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɟ ɦɚɫɥɨ) HYP GL-4 90. Ȼɭɤɜɟɧɧɨɟ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ (ɬɢɩ ɩɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɨɣ
GL-4 Ȼɭɤɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɫɢɦɜɨɥ ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 1, K ɫɦɚɡɤɢ) ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 8, ɫɬɨɥɛɟɰ 2.
90 ɤɥɚɫɫɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɹ API ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 5, ɤɥɚɫɫɵ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ Ɉɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ɬɢɩɚ ɫɢɧɬɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɦɚɫɥɚ
SI 3 R
SAE ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 7. ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 1, ɝɪɭɩɩɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ 3
-30 (ɫɢɥɢɤɨɧɨɜɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ). ɉɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɶ
Ɍɪɭɞɧɨ ɜɨɫɩɥɚɦɟɧɹɸɳɚɹɫɹ ɝɢɞɪɚɜɥɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɤɨɧɫɢɫɬɟɧɰɢɢ ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 9 (ɤɥɚɫɫɵ
ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɶ HFC 46 (ɜɨɞɧɵɣ ɩɨɥɢɦɟɪɧɵɣ ɪɚɫɬɜɨɪ). NLGI). Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ ɛɭɤɜɟɧɧɨɟ
HFC 46 Ȼɭɤɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɫɢɦɜɨɥ ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 1, ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 10 (ɜɟɪɯɧɹɹ
ɩɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɶ ɤɥɚɫɫɚ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ ISO ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 2 (ɨɤɨɥɨ ɪɚɛɨɱɚɹ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ +180°ɋ).
46 ɦɦ2/ɫ ɩɪɢ 40°ɋ). Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ ɱɢɫɥɨ ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 11
(ɧɢɠɧɹɹ ɪɚɛɨɱɚɹ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ –30°ɋ).
ɋɦɚɡɨɱɧɨɟ ɦɚɫɥɨ (ɨɫɧɨɜɚ: ɩɨɥɢɝɥɢɤɨɥɶ) CLP PG220. ɋɢɦɜɨɥ ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 8, ɫɬɨɥɛɟɰ 3.
CLP PG Ȼɭɤɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɫɢɦɜɨɥ ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 1,
ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɛɭɤɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 2.6. Ɉɮɨɪɦɥɟɧɢɟ ɬɚɛɥɢɱɟɤ ɞɥɹ ɦɚɪɤɢɪɨɜɤɢ
220 2.6.1. Ɍɚɛɥɢɱɤɢ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɛɵɬɶ ɧɚɤɥɟɟɧɵ ɢ ɡɚɤɪɟɩɥɟɧɵ
3 (ɫ ɚɧɬɢɤɨɪɪɨɡɢɨɧɧɨɣ ɢ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɢɡɧɨɫɧɨɣ
ɡɚɳɢɬɨɣ), ɩɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɶ ɤɥɚɫɫɚ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ ISO ɩɨ ɰɢɥɢɧɞɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɩɪɨɫɟɱɧɵɦ ɲɬɢɮɬɨɦ ɫ ɝɨɥɨɜɤɨɣ ɢɥɢ
ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 2 (ɨɤɨɥɨ 220 ɦɦ2/ɫ ɩɪɢ 40°ɋ). ɲɭɪɭɩɨɦ, ɢɥɢ ɠɟ ɨɧɢ ɜɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɜ ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɧɵɟ ɞɥɹ
ɷɬɨɝɨ ɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɹ ɢɥɢ ɭɝɥɭɛɥɟɧɢɹ. Ɍɚɛɥɢɱɤɢ ɰɟɥɟɫɨɨɛɪɚɡɧɨ
ɋɦɚɡɨɱɧɨɟ ɦɚɫɥɨ ɞɥɹ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɟɣ (ɨɫɧɨɜɚ: ɛɵɥɨ ɛɵ ɢɡɝɨɬɨɜɢɬɶ ɢɡ ɝɢɛɤɨɝɨ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɚ, ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ,
HD HC ɫɢɧɬɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɭɝɥɟɜɨɞɨɪɨɞɵ) HD HC SF 5W-30. ɚɥɸɦɢɧɢɹ ɢɥɢ ɩɥɚɫɬɢɤɚ.
SF 5W-30 Ȼɭɤɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɫɢɦɜɨɥ ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 1, 2.6.2. ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɦɵɟ ɞɥɹ ɦɚɪɤɢɪɨɜɤɢ ɫɢɦɜɨɥɵ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɬɚɤɠɟ
ɤɥɚɫɫɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɹ API ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 4, ɤɥɚɫɫɵ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ ɢɦɟɬɶ ɤɪɚɫɨɱɧɨɟ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɟ ɢɥɢ ɛɵɬɶ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɵ ɜ ɜɢɞɟ
SAE ɩɨ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 6. ɩɟɪɟɜɨɞɧɵɯ ɤɚɪɬɢɧɨɤ.
2.6.3. ɇɚɞɩɢɫɶ ɞɨɥɠɧɚ ɛɵɬɶ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɚ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ DIN
30640, ɱɚɫɬɶ 2.
2.6.4. Ɋɚɡɦɟɪɵ ɬɚɛɥɢɱɟɤ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɩɨɞɨɝɧɚɬɶ ɤ ɟɦɤɨɫɬɢ
ɩɨɞ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɣ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥ, ɬɨɱɤɭ ɫɦɚɡɤɢ ɢɥɢ ɩɪɢɜɟɫɬɢ ɜ
ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɟ ɫ ɞɪɭɝɢɦɢ ɩɪɢɤɥɚɞɧɵɦɢ ɰɟɥɹɦɢ. Ɋɚɡɦɟɪɵ
ɤɜɚɞɪɚɬɨɜ ɢ ɩɪɹɦɨɭɝɨɥɶɧɢɤɨɜ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɜɵɛɪɚɬɶ
ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ DIN 825, ɱɚɫɬɶ 1, ɚ ɪɚɡɦɟɪɵ ɞɥɹ ɬɪɟɭɝɨɥɶɧɢɤɨɜ
ɩɨ DIN 825, ɱɚɫɬɶ 3. Ɉɫɬɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɪɚɡɦɟɪɵ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ
ɩɪɢɜɟɫɬɢ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɟ ɫ ɫɟɪɢɟɣ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɯ ɱɢɫɟɥ R 10
ɉɪɨɰɢɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɟ ɧɨɪɦɵ ɢ ɩɪɨɱɚɹ ɞɨɤɭɦɟɧɬɚɰɢɹ ɩɨ DIN 323, ɱɚɫɬɶ 1.
DIN 323, ɱ. 1 ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɟ ɱɢɫɥɚ ɢ ɫɟɪɢɢ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɯ ɱɢɫɟɥ; ɨɫɧɨɜɧɵɟ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɢ, ɩɪɟɰɢɡɢɨɧɧɵɟ ɢ ɨɤɪɭɝɥɟɧɧɵɟ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ
DIN 825, ɱ. 1 ɪɚɡɦɟɪɵ ɬɚɛɥɢɱɟɤ; ɤɜɚɞɪɚɬɧɵɟ ɢ ɩɪɹɦɨɭɝɨɥɶɧɵɟ ɬɚɛɥɢɱɤɢ
DIN 825, ɱ. 3 ɪɚɡɦɟɪɵ ɬɚɛɥɢɱɟɤ; ɬɪɟɭɝɨɥɶɧɵɟ ɬɚɛɥɢɱɤɢ
DIN 8659, ɱ. 1 ɫɬɚɧɤɢ; ɫɦɚɡɤɚ ɫɬɚɧɤɨɜ; ɪɭɤɨɜɨɞɫɬɜɚ ɩɨ ɫɦɚɡɤɟ
DIN 24 320 ɬɪɭɞɧɨ ɜɨɫɩɥɚɦɟɧɹɸɳɢɟɫɹ ɝɢɞɪɚɜɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɢ; ɝɪɭɩɩɚ HFAE; ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ, ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹ
DIN 30 640, ɱ. 2 ɧɚɞɩɢɫɢ ɞɥɹ ɷɤɫɩɥɢɤɚɰɢɢ ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜ, ɜɟɪɬɢɤɚɥɶɧɵɣ (ɲɬɚɬɢɜɧɵɣ) ɲɪɢɮɬ Neuzeit-Grotesk; ɮɢɝɭɪɵ ɢ ɪɚɡɦɟɪɵ
DIN 51377 ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɟ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ; ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɟ ɤɚɠɭɳɟɣɫɹ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɦɚɫɟɥ ɞɥɹ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɟɣ ɩɪɢ ɧɢɡɤɨɣ
ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɟ, ɫ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɦ ɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɭɸɳɟɝɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ Cold-Cranking
DIN 51 398 ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɟ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ; ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɟ ɤɚɠɭɳɟɣɫɹ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ ɬɪɚɧɫɦɢɫɫɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɦɚɫɟɥ ɩɪɢ ɧɢɡɤɨɣ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɟ ɢ ɫ
ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɦ ɜɢɫɤɨɡɢɦɟɬɪɚ Brookfield (ɦɟɬɨɞ ɠɢɞɤɨɝɨ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɥɢɬɚ)
DIN 51 501 ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ; ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ L-AN; ɦɢɧɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹ
DIN 51 503, ɱ. 1 ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ; ɦɚɫɥɚ ɞɥɹ ɯɨɥɨɞɢɥɶɧɵɯ ɦɚɲɢɧ; ɦɢɧɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹ
DIN 51 506 ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ; ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ VB ɢ V ɫ ɚɤɬɢɜɧɵɦɢ ɜɟɳɟɫɬɜɚɦɢ ɢ ɛɟɡ ɧɢɯ, ɢ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ VDL;
ɤɥɚɫɫɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɹ ɢ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹ
DIN 51 510 ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ; ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ Z; ɦɢɧɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹ
DIN 51 511 ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ; ɤɥɚɫɫɵ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ ɦɨɬɨɪɧɵɯ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɦɚɫɟɥ SAE
DIN 51 512 ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ; ɤɥɚɫɫɵ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɦɚɫɟɥ SAE ɞɥɹ ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɶɧɵɯ ɬɪɚɧɫɦɢɫɫɢɣ
DIN 51 513 ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ; ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ B; ɦɢɧɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹ
DIN 51 515, ɱ. 1 ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ ɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɨɱɧɵɟ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɢ ɞɥɹ ɩɚɪɨɜɵɯ ɬɭɪɛɢɧ; ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ L-TD;
ɦɢɧɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹ
DIN 51 517, ɱ. 1 ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ; ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ; ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ C; ɦɢɧɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹ
DIN 51 517, ɱ. 2 ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ; ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ; ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ CL; ɦɢɧɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹ
DIN 51 517, ɱ. 3 ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ; ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ; ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ CLP; ɦɢɧɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹ
DIN 51 519 ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ; ɤɥɚɫɫɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɹ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ ɠɢɞɤɢɯ ɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ISO
DIN 51 522 ɦɢɧɟɪɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ ɢ ɪɨɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɭɝɥɟɜɨɞɨɪɨɞɵ; ɦɚɫɥɚ-ɬɟɩɥɨɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɢ Q; ɠɢɞɤɢɟ, ɧɟɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɧɵɟ ɬɟɩɥɨɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɢ;
ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹ, ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɟ
DIN 51 524, ɱ.1 ɪɚɛɨɱɢɟ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɢ; ɝɢɞɪɚɜɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ; ɝɢɞɪɚɜɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ HL; ɦɢɧɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹ
DIN 51 524, ɱ.2 ɪɚɛɨɱɢɟ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɢ; ɝɢɞɪɚɜɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ; ɝɢɞɪɚɜɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ HLP; ɦɢɧɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹ
DIN 51 524, ɱ.3 ɪɚɛɨɱɢɟ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɢ; ɝɢɞɪɚɜɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ; ɝɢɞɪɚɜɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ HVLP; ɦɢɧɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹ
DIN 51 550 ɜɢɫɤɨɡɢɦɟɬɪɢɹ; ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɟ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ; ɨɛɳɢɟ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ
DIN 51 561 ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɟ ɦɢɧɟɪɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɦɚɫɟɥ, ɠɢɞɤɢɯ ɝɨɪɸɱɢɯ ɜɟɳɟɫɬɜ ɢ ɪɨɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɟɣ; ɡɚɦɟɪ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ ɩɪɢ ɩɨɦɨɳɢ
ɜɢɫɤɨɡɢɦɟɬɪɚ Vogel-Ossag; ɞɢɚɩɚɡɨɧ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ: ɩɪɢɛɥɢɡɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɨɬ 10 ɞɨ 150°ɋ
DIN 51 562, ɱ. 1 ɜɢɫɤɨɡɢɦɟɬɪɢɹ; ɡɚɦɟɪ ɤɢɧɟɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɢ ɩɪɢ ɩɨɦɨɳɢ ɜɢɫɤɨɡɢɦɟɬɪɚ Ubdelohde; ɨɛɵɱɧɚɹ ɦɨɞɟɥɶ
DIN 51 806, ɱ. 2 (ɜ ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɟ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɜ ɜɢɞɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ) ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɟ ɧɚ ɫɬɟɧɞɟ ɫɦɚɡɨɤ ɞɥɹ ɩɨɞɲɢɩɧɢɤɨɜ ɤɚɱɟɧɢɹ SKF-R2F; ɯɨɞɨɜɵɟ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɹ
ɫ ɧɚɝɪɟɜɨɦ
DIN 51 807, ɱ. 1 ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɟ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ; ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɟ ɜɨɞɨɫɬɨɣɤɨɫɬɢ ɩɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɵɯ ɫɦɚɡɨɤ; ɫɬɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɟ
DIN 51 818 ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ; ɤɥɚɫɫɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɹ ɤɨɧɫɢɫɬɟɧɰɢɢ ɩɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɵɯ ɫɦɚɡɨɤ; ɤɥɚɫɫɵ NLGI
DIN 51 821, ɱ. 2 ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɟ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ; ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɟ ɩɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɵɯ ɫɦɚɡɨɤ ɧɚ FE9-ɫɬɟɧɞɟ, ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɨɦ ɞɥɹ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ
ɫɦɚɡɨɤ ɞɥɹ ɩɨɞɲɢɩɧɢɤɨɜ ɤɚɱɟɧɢɹ FAG; ɦɟɬɨɞ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɹ A/1500/6000
DIN 51 825 ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ; ɩɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɵɟ ɫɦɚɡɤɢ K; ɤɥɚɫɫɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɹ ɢ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹ
DIN 51 826 ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ; ɩɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɵɟ ɫɦɚɡɤɢ; ɩɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɚɹ ɫɦɚɡɤɚ G
DIN ISO 2137 ɩɪɨɞɭɤɬɵ ɧɚ ɨɫɧɨɜɟ ɦɢɧɟɪɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɦɚɫɟɥ; ɩɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɚɹ ɫɦɚɡɤɚ; ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɟ ɤɨɧɭɫɧɨɣ ɩɟɧɟɬɪɚɰɢɢ
ISO/TR 3498: Lubricants, industrial oils and related products (class L); Recommendation for the choice of lubricants for machine tools
1986*) ɋɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ, ɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ ɢ ɪɨɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɩɪɨɞɭɤɬɵ (ɤɥɚɫɫ L); ɪɟɤɨɦɟɧɞɚɰɢɢ ɩɨ ɜɵɛɨɪɭ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɯ
ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɞɥɹ ɫɬɚɧɤɨɜ
ISO 6743/4:1982*) Lubricants, industrial oils and related products (class L); Classification; Part 4: Family H (Hydraulik systems)
ɋɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ, ɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ ɢ ɪɨɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɩɪɨɞɭɤɬɵ (ɤɥɚɫɫ L); ɤɥɚɫɫɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɹ; ɱɚɫɬɶ 4: ɝɪɭɩɩɚ H
(ɝɢɞɪɚɜɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ)
ASTM D 3829-87*) Test Method for Predicting the Borderline Pumping Temperature of Engine Oil
Ɇɟɬɨɞ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɹ ɞɥɹ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɦɚɤɫɢɦɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ ɩɪɨɤɚɱɤɢ ɦɨɬɨɪɧɵɯ ɦɚɫɟɥ
SAE J 183 ɦɚɪɬ 88 Engine oil performance and engine service classification
ɗɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɚɹ ɩɪɢɝɨɞɧɨɫɬɶ ɢ ɤɥɚɫɫɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɹ ɦɨɬɨɪɧɵɯ ɦɚɫɟɥ
SAE J 308c Axle and manual transmission
Ʉɥɚɫɫɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɹ ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɶɧɵɯ ɬɪɚɧɫɦɢɫɫɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɦɚɫɟɥ; ɦɨɠɧɨ ɩɨɥɭɱɢɬɶ ɩɨ ɚɞɪɟɫɭ: Tecnical Division SAE, 400
Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096, USA
ɉɪɟɞɩɢɫɚɧɢɟ ɨɛ ɨɩɚɫɧɵɯ ɜɟɳɟɫɬɜɚɯ (Gefahrstoffverordnung-GefstoffV): ɧɨɜɚɹ ɪɟɞɚɤɰɢɹ ɨɬ 26.08.1986 (Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɥɶɧɨɟ ɭɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ 1986, ɱɚɫɬɶ 1,
ʋ 47, ɫɬɪ. 1470)
6-ɨɣ ɨɬɱɟɬ ɨ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹɯ ɢ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɢ ɬɪɭɞɧɨ ɜɨɫɩɥɚɦɟɧɹɸɳɢɯɫɹ ɝɢɞɪɚɜɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɟɣ ɞɥɹ ɝɢɞɪɨɫɬɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɢ ɝɢɞɪɨɤɢɧɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ
ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɢ ɭɫɢɥɢɹ ɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɜ ɝɨɪɧɨɣ ɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ; ɡɚ ɞɨɤɭɦɟɧɬɚɦɢ ɩɨɞ ɧɨɦɟɪɨɦ 2786/9/80 DE ɦɨɠɧɨ ɨɛɪɚɬɢɬɶɫɹ ɩɨ ɚɞɪɟɫɭ:
Kommision der EG, Ständiger Ausschuß, Aldringestraße, Luxemburg

ɉɪɨɱɢɟ ɧɨɪɦɵ
ISO 6743/0:1981*) Lubricants, industrial oils and related products (class L); Classification; Part 0: General
ɋɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ, ɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ ɢ ɪɨɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɩɪɨɞɭɤɬɵ (ɤɥɚɫɫ L); ɤɥɚɫɫɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɹ; ɱɚɫɬɶ 0: ɨɛɳɟɟ
ISO 6743/1:1981*) Lubricants, industrial oils and related products (class L); Classification; Part 1: Family A (Total loss systems)
ɋɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ, ɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ ɢ ɪɨɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɩɪɨɞɭɤɬɵ (ɤɥɚɫɫ L); ɤɥɚɫɫɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɹ; ɱɚɫɬɶ 1: ɝɪɭɩɩɚ A
(ɫɦɚɡɤɚ ɫ ɩɨɬɟɪɟɣ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɨɝɨ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɚ)
ISO 6743/2:1981*) Lubricants, industrial oils and related products (class L); Classification; Part 2: Family F (Spindle bearings, bearings and
associated clutches)
ɋɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ, ɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ ɢ ɪɨɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɩɪɨɞɭɤɬɵ (ɤɥɚɫɫ L); ɤɥɚɫɫɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɹ; ɱɚɫɬɶ 2: ɝɪɭɩɩɚ F
(ɲɩɢɧɞɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɩɨɞɲɢɩɧɢɤɢ, ɩɨɞɲɢɩɧɢɤɢ ɢ ɫɰɟɩɥɟɧɢɹ)
ISO 6743/3A:1987*) Lubricants, industrial oils and related products (class L); Classification; Part 3A: Family D (Compressors)
ɋɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ, ɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɵɟ ɦɚɫɥɚ ɢ ɪɨɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɩɪɨɞɭɤɬɵ (ɤɥɚɫɫ L); ɤɥɚɫɫɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɹ; ɱɚɫɬɶ 3A: ɝɪɭɩɩɚ D
(ɤɨɦɩɪɟɫɫɨɪɵ)

________
*)
ɦɨɠɧɨ ɩɨɥɭɱɢɬɶ ɩɨ ɚɞɪɟɫɭ: Beuth Verlag GmbH, Auslandsnormenverkauf, Burggrafenstraße 6, 1000 Berlin 30.

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