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DENT 202 DENTAL ANATOMY AND OCCLUSION

(3 credit hours: 1 theory / 2 practical)

Jordan University of Science and Technology


Faculty of dentistry
Department of Oral Medicine and Surgery
Second Semester
Course Syllabus

Course Information
Course Title Dental Anatomy and Occlusion
Course Code Dent 202
Prerequisites N-A
Course Website N-A
Instructor Dr. Ashraf Shaweesh
Office Location D1 L0 (top floor)
Office Phone N-A
Office Hours Monday and Wednesday 1 – 3 pm.
E-mail ashrafis@just.edu.jo
• Paid Master Students - to be named soon
Teaching Assistant(s) • Lab. Technicians: Mohammad Zubi & Malik
Shraiyda

Course Description

This is one of the courses provided by the Department of Oral Medicine and Surgery for
undergraduate 2nd year students in the Bachelor Degree in the Science of Dentistry during
the second semester. The course has two components, lectures and corresponding practical
training in laboratories. The lecture topics cover detailed dental macroscopic anatomy and
the basic principles of dental occlusion. Each lecture covers one class of permanent teeth
and there is a separate lecture for deciduous teeth. The first two lectures present the dental
notation systems and chronology of development and the last lectures introduce the
fundamentals of dental occlusion. The practical sessions focus on developing the skills of
carving different teeth out of wax blocks. This practice is assumed to help students recalling
the details of tooth morphology and improving their manual skills. The latter is significant
to have been developed before upgrading to 3rd year. The sessions also include practicing on
dental notation, dental age estimation, occlusion as well as skills of tooth identification. By
the completion of the practical sessions, each student has to hand in for assessment the
laboratory book containing the completed duties that they have been asked to execute.
Text Book 1
Title Wheeler’s Dental Anatomy, Physiology and Occlusion
Author(s) Ash, M. M. & Nelson, S.
Publisher Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, Mo. c2010.
Year 2010
Edition 9th
Book Website
References

Assessment Policy
Assessment Type Theoretical exams, practical exams and practical duties
Theoretical midterm exam 20%
Practical midterm exam 10 % (Held in the lab. in the form of flag race)
Practical duties 10% (Tooth carving, quizzes and lab. books1)
Theoretical final exam 40%
20% (Held in the lab. in the form of flag race or tooth
Practical final exam
carving)

Course Objectives Weights


• To practice on using different dental notation systems for both • 5%
dentitions and to understand the concept of dental formula as a summary
for mammalian dentitions.
• To recognize the importance of having two sets of dentitions in most • 2.5
mammals and to relate form to function in dental anatomy. %
• To learn and apply the chronological standards of stages of deciduous
and permanent tooth development and eruption. • 5%
• To learn the details of the newly-established standards of permanent
tooth eruption specific to the Jordanian population (Shaweesh, A.). • 2.5
• To know the sequence of eruption in each arch for both dentitions and %
its need in pediatric dentistry, orthodontics and forensic science.
• To learn the detailed anatomy of all deciduous and permanent teeth and • 5%
their pulpal systems.
• To learn the different traits used to tell different teeth apart leading to • 40
developing skills of tooth identification. %
1
To be submitted before 18-05-2011
• 10
%

• 5%
• To develop skills of estimating dental age by applying the knowledge
they have acquired from dental chronology. • 10
• To acquire manual skills of tooth carving. %
• To identify the normal variation in dental anatomy • 2.5
• To acquire the detailed knowledge of functional and static interaction %
of teeth in occlusion and the relationship between dental occlusion and • 10
temporomandibular joints and masticatory muscles. %
• To identify the significance of learning dental morphology and
principles of occlusion for restorative, prosthetic and orthodontic clinical
practice. • 2.5
%

Teaching & Learning Methods


• Classroom lectures
• Demonstrations
• Tests and exams
• Review for exams
• Textbook reading assignments

Learning Outcomes: Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to
Related Objective(s) Reference
Wheeler’s Dental Anatomy,
Learn the detailed anatomy of all deciduous and
1 Physiology and Occlusion
permanent teeth and their pulpal systems.
Handed videos
Kraus' Dental Anatomy and
Learn the different traits used to tell different teeth
Occlusion
2 apart leading to developing skills of tooth
Lecture notes
identification.
Handed videos
Know the timing of development of each tooth and Wheeler’s Dental Anatomy,
2
the sequence of their eruption Physiology and Occlusion
Learn the details of the newly-established standards of
3 permanent tooth eruption specific to the Jordanian Shaweesh (2010)
population
Estimate dental age and know its significance and Lecture notes and practical
3
applications tutorials
4 Carve any permanent tooth on wax blocks Practical tutorials
Handed videos
Wheeler’s Dental Anatomy,
Know the different external anatomical features and Physiology and Occlusion
5
landmarks on teeth and their functions Practical tutorials
Handed videos
Acquire the basic principles of dental occlusion and Wheeler’s Dental Anatomy,
6
how it can be simply applied in clinical dentistry Physiology and Occlusion

Useful Resources

1. Jordan, R. E. Abrams, L. Kraus, B. T. (1992). Kraus’ Dental Anatomy and


Occlusion. 2nd Edition. Mosby.
2. Craig, P (2005) Handbook of Human Dental Anatomy. The University of
Melbourne.
3. Craig, P (2005). The Teeth and Jaws of Animals (Comparative Oral
Anatomy). The University of Melbourne.
4. Lecture notes (to be uploaded on elearning)
5. Videos on Dental Anatomy and Tooth carving. (to be handed)

Course Content: Lectures to be held in Science Hall 2 Wed 3.15 – 4.15 pm


Date Topics Practical session of the week
09-02-2011 Introduction & notation systems Dental notation
Chronology of tooth
16-02-2011 Chronology of tooth development
development
Dental morphological
23-02-2011 Chronology of tooth development
terminology
Morphological dental features &
02-03-2011 Permanent incisors
introduction to wax carving
Anatomy of incisors
09-03-2011 Permanent canines
Drawing & carving incisors
Anatomy of canines
23-03-2011 Maxillary premolars
Drawing & carving canines
Anatomy of premolars
30-03-2011 Mandibular premolars
Drawing & carving premolars
06-04-2011 Midterm Exam Week of practical midterm exams
Anatomy of max. molars
13-04-2011 Permanent maxillary molars
Drawing & carving max. molars
Anatomy of mand. molars
20-04-2011 Permanent mandibular molars
Drawing & carving mand. molars
27-04-2011 Deciduous dentition Anatomy of deciduous teeth
Pulp anatomy & normal
04-05-2011 Practice on tooth identification
variations
11-05-2011 Introduction to dental occlusion Catch up
Comparative dental anatomy &
18-05-2011 Week of final practical exams
occlusion
19-05 to 02-
Final exam period Determined by Registration
06-2011

Additional Notes
Attendance:

Students must attend 100% of all scheduled classes and labs. Class participation is required.
Should an absence be necessary, student should contact the course instructor by e-mail
immediately. Work missed can ONLY make up with an excused absence.
- No make-up exams or quizzes will be given for unexcused absences
- Late arrivals to class are unexcused absences
- All course make-ups, test, and so forth, must be completed within 14 days
from the date of the excused absence.

Practical component:

Practical training will take place in both the Prosthodontics Lab. (D1-L2) and the Operative
Dental Surgery (ODS) Lab. (D3 – L1) simultaneously once on Monday and Wednesday
from 9.15 am – 1.15 pm. Accordingly, students will be divided into 4 practical sections
according to the following table:

Section Day Time Lab.


1 Mon 9:15 – 1: 15 Pros. Lab.
2 Mon 9:15 – 1: 15 ODS Lab.
3 Wed 9:15 – 1: 15 Pros. Lab.
4 Wed 9:15 – 1: 15 ODS Lab.

Each student will be allocated a lab code consisting of 4 digits. From left to right, the first
digit stands for the section (1,2,3,4), the second and third digits are the bench number (01 –
15). The last digit stands for the order of the student on the bench (usually from 1 – 7).
Students are instructed to recall their lab codes until the practical part is completed because
the lab codes will act as their lab. IDs.

At the beginning of each practical session, all students (the two sections on that day) should
assemble in the Pros. Lab. to be introduced to the practical duties that they have to carry out
on that day. This is followed by a detailed demonstration on casts, radiographs, tooth
models and natural teeth under a live camera connected to monitors. In some weeks, short
video clips on tooth carving and morphology of the tooth of the week will be run and
watched through a monitor during the morning session. Once introduction and
demonstration are finished, the ODS Lab section (Mon. Section 2 or Wed. Section 4) will
relocate to the ODS Lab to start carrying out the practical duties under supervision that may
include:

• Tracing radiographs and assigning teeth to their suitable notation in different


notation systems
• Tracing radiographs and estimating dental age
• Sketching tooth models, jaw models and occlusion curves
• Carving teeth out of wax blocks
• Answering given questions / quizzes
• Making comments after video clip watching.
• Identifying teeth
• Preparing and presenting posters illustrating certain topics (optional)

In their practical training, students will be divided into groups, each group occupying a pre-
determined bench in the lab. and instructed to remain in the allocated location to carry out
the practical duties for the full duration of the course. It is important to know that students
are not allowed to switch groups, laboratories or sections in the practical part of this course.

Tools and materials needed for the practical component:

• A mechanical pencil, an eraser and a ruler together with the Practical Book.
The Practical Book should have alternating blank and lined A4 sheets
• A magnifying lens (optional)
• A graph-paper book with pre-sketched outlines of all aspects of permanent
teeth. The book is available at Alfajr bookshop
• A blank graph-paper book for sketching outlines of teeth aspects with
additional sheets for helping in tooth carving. The book is available at Alfajr
bookshop
• Paper adhesive tape, soft tooth brush, retractable blade ((‫ مشرط‬and pair of
scissors
• Le Crone carver and a wax knife
• 12 colored wax carving blocks (the extra ones will be available in case the
main ones have failed)
• Natural and plastic teeth (it is advisable that students start collecting natural
teeth at the beginning of the course) to be used as reference for anatomy and carving
and for tooth identification. These teeth / models will also be utilized in practical
courses of third year. These are never a waste!

Student instructor relationship

• Students are instructed to frequently access the uploaded handouts, recourses


and extra learning materials on the e-learning link on the University's website.
• e-learning will also allow for mentor-student interaction through online
evaluation in the form of tutorials, assignments and quizzes.
• Students will be able to view the outcomes of their evaluation uploaded on e-
learning. This includes the results the quizzes and the midterm practical exams.
• It is strongly recommended that the instructor is contacted either personally
in his office within the frames of the office hours provided or through email / e-
learning. Contacting the instructors on their private mobile phones is prohibited and
will unintentionally ruin the lecturer-student relationship.