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¥à 

¢¥­á⢮ ˜¢¥©æ¥à  1

¥à ¢¥­á⢮ ˜¢¥©æ¥à 
€. •à ¡à®¢

 áâ®ïé ï § ¬¥âª  ¯®á¢ï饭  ¤®ª § â¥«ìáâ¢ã ­¥à ¢¥­á⢠


˜¢¥©æ¥à ,   â ª¦¥ ¥£® ãâ®ç­¥­¨ï¬. Ž­  ¡ë«  ¨­á¯¨à¨à®¢ ­ 
§ ¤ ç¥© 41. —¨â â¥«ì, ª®â®àë© ­¥ ¯®«¥­¨âáï ¯®á¬®âà¥âì ­ 
ãá«®¢¨¥ í⮩ § ¤ ç¨, ¡ã¤¥â ¤® ¯®àë ¤® ¢à¥¬¥­¨ ­¥¬ «® 㤨¢«¥­,
¯®áª®«ìªã ­  ¯¥à¢ë© ¢§£«ï¤ ¬¥¦¤ã ª®¬¡¨­ â®à­®© § ¤ ç¥© ¨
­¥à ¢¥­á⢮¬ ­¥â ­¨ç¥£® ®¡é¥£®. Ž¤­ ª® í⮠ᮢᥬ ­¥ â ª. ®
®¡® ¢á¥¬ ¯® ¯®à浪ã.

¥à ¢¥­á⢮ ˜¢¥©æ¥à . „«ï «î¡ëå ¢¥é¥á⢥­­ëå ç¨-


ᥫ x1 , x2 , : : : , xn , ¯à¨­ ¤«¥¦ é¨å ¯à®¬¥¦ãâªã [m; M ], £¤¥
M > m > 0 ¨¬¥¥â ¬¥áâ® ­¥à ¢¥­á⢮
 
(m + M )2
(x1 + x2 + : : : + xn )
1
+
x1 x2
1
+:::+
1
xn 6 4mM
 n2 :
®«¥¥ ⮣®, ¥á«¨ n ­¥ç¥â­®, â®
 
(m + M )2 2 (m M )2 : ()
(x1 + : : : + xn )
1
x1 +::: +
1
xn 6 4mM
 n 4mM

â® ­¥à ¢¥­á⢮ ¯®ï¢¨«®áì ¢ 1914 £. ¢ áâ âì¥ [7].  ©â¨


®à¨£¨­ « í⮩ áâ âì¨ ªà ©­¥ § âà㤭¨â¥«ì­®, ¤  ¨ ¢¥­£¥à᪨©
ï§ëª ­¥ ï¥âáï ®á®¡® à á¯à®áâà ­¥­­ë¬, ­® ¥¥  ­£«¨©áª¨©
¯¥à¥¢®¤ ¢¯®«­¥¤®áâ㯥­, ®­ ¯à¨¢¥¤¥­ ¢ ¯à¨«®¦¥­¨¨ ª à ¡®-
⥠[10]. ®áª®«ìªã ¤® ¯®ï¢«¥­¨ï  ­£«¨©áª®£® ¯¥à¥¢®¤  á® áâ -
â쥩 ˜¢¥©æ¥à  ¬ «® ªâ® ¡ë« §­ ª®¬, ­¥à ¢¥­á⢮ ( ) ®¡ëç­® 
á¢ï§ë¢ îâ (á¬., ­ ¯à¨¬¥à, [6, á. 302]) á ¨¬¥­¥¬ ‹ã¯ è , ª®â®-
àë© ¤®ª § « [5] íâ® ­¥à ¢¥­á⢮ ¯®ç⨠­  60 «¥â ¯®§¦¥ ˜¢¥©-
æ¥à .

„ ® ª   §   â ¥ « ì á â ¢ ® (˜¢¥©æ¥à, [7]).1 „«ï ¯®«®¦¨â¥«ì­ëå


ç¨á¥« a ¨ b à áᬮâਬ äã­ªæ¨î
h(x) = xa + bx
1 „®ª § â¥«ìá⢮, ¯à¨¢¥¤¥­­®¥ ¢ [3], ®è¨¡®ç­® ­ §¢ ­® ¯®å®¦¨¬ ­  ¤®-
ª § â¥«ìá⢮ ˜¢¥©æ¥à , ®­® ï¥âáï ¯®å®¦¨¬ ­  ¤®ª § â¥«ìá⢮ ®«¨ 
¨ ‘¥£¥, á¬. [2, § ¤ ç  II.92] ¨«¨ [4, § ¤ ç  299].
¥à ¢¥­á⢮ ˜¢¥©æ¥à  2

­  ®â१ª¥ [ m; M ]. Ž­  ¯à¨­¨¬ ¥â ­ ¨¡®«ì襥 §­ ç¥­¨¥ ­ 


®¤­®¬ ¨§ ª®­æ®¢ ¯à®¬¥¦ã⪠ [ m; M ]. â® «¥£ª® ¯à®¢¥à¨âì á
¯®¬®éìî ¤¨ää¥à¥­æ¨à®¢ ­¨ï, ­® ¬®¦­® ®¡®©â¨áì ¨ ¡¥§ ­¥£®.
„¥©á⢨⥫쭮, ¯ãáâì K | ­ ¨¡®«ì襥 ¨§ ç¨á¥« a=m + bm ¨
a=M + bM , ⮣¤  bx2 Kx + a 6 0 ¯à¨ x 2 [m; M ], ¯®áª®«ìªã
¯à¨ â ª®¬ ¢ë¡®à¥ K ®â१®ª [m; M ] à á¯®«®¦¥­ ¬¥¦¤ã ª®à-
­¥© ª¢ ¤à â­®£® ãà ¢­¥­¨ï bx2 Kx + a = 0. ’ ª¨¬ ®¡à §®¬,
h(x) 6 K ¯à¨ x 2 [m; M ]. ‘«¥¤®¢ â¥«ì­®, äã­ªæ¨ï
 
(x + a)
1
+ b = ab + 1 +
a
x x + bx
â ª¦¥ ¯à¨­¨¬ ¥â ­ ¨¡®«ì襥 §­ ç¥­¨¥ ­  ®¤­®¬ ¨§ ª®­æ®¢ ¯à®-
¬¥¦ã⪠ [ m; M ]. ’¥¯¥àì à áᬮâਬ äã­ªæ¨î
 
F (x1 ; x2 ; : : : ; xn ) = (x1 + x2 + : : : + xn ) x1 + x1 + : : : + x1 :
1 2 n
‡ ¬¥â¨¬, çâ® ¥á«¨ § ¬¥­¨âì x1 ­  m ¨«¨ M , â® §­ ç¥­¨¥ äã­ª-
樨 ­¥ 㬥­ìè¨âáï. „ «¥¥, ¥á«¨ (㦥 ¯à¨ x1 = m ¨«¨ x1 = M )
§ ¬¥­¨âì x2 ­  m ¨«¨ M , â® §­ ç¥­¨¥ ä㭪樨 ®¯ïâì ­¥ 㬥­ì-
è¨âáï. à®¤®«¦ ï ¤ «¥¥, ¬®¦­® ᤥ« âì ¢ë¢®¤, çâ®

F (x1 ; x2 ; : : : ; xn ) 6 F (y1 ; y2 ; : : : ; yn );
£¤¥ ­¥ª®â®àë¥ yk à ¢­ë m,   ®áâ «ì­ë¥ à ¢­ë M . ãáâì ª®-
«¨ç¥á⢮ ç¨á¥« m à ¢­® `,   ª®«¨ç¥á⢮ ç¨á¥« M à ¢­® n `.
’®£¤ 

 
F (x1 ; x2 ; : : : ; xn ) = (`m + (n `)M ) m` + nM ` =
(m + M )2
 n 2 (m M )2 (m + M )2
=
4nM
 n 2
2
` mM 6 4nM  n :
2

à¨ ç¥â­®¬ n à ¢¥­á⢮ ¤®á⨣ ¥âáï, ¥á«¨ ¯®«®¢¨­  ç¨á¥« à ¢-


­  m,   ¤àã£ ï ¯®«®¢¨­  à ¢­  M . …᫨ ¦¥ n ­¥ç¥â­®, â®

F (x1 ; x2 ; : : : ; xn ) 6 (m4+nMM )  n2 (m4mM


M )2 :
2

¥à ¢¥­á⢮ ˜¢¥©æ¥à  3

“ ¯ à ® é ¥ ­ ¨ ¥ ¤ ® ª   §   â ¥ « ì á â ¢   ˜ ¢ ¥ © æ ¥ à  . ‡ ¬¥â¨¬,
çâ® ¥á«¨a=b = mM , â® §­ ç¥­¨ï ä㭪樨 h(x) ­  ª®­æ å ¯à®-
¬¥¦ã⪠ [m; M ] à ¢­ë. ‚ í⮬ á«ãç ¥ ¨ ®æ¥­ª  ­  h(x) ¨ ¥¥
¤®ª § â¥«ìá⢮ ¡ã¤¥â áãé¥á⢥­­® ¯à®é¥. „¥©á⢨⥫쭮, § -
M x)(x m) > 0 ¯à¨ «î¡®¬px 2 [m; M ], §­ ç¨â,
¬¥â¨¬, çâ® (
x2 + mM 6 (m + M )x. ®á«¥ ¤¥«¥­¨ï ­  mMx ¯®«ã稬 ­¥-
à ¢¥­á⢮
p r r
mM + p
x 6 m +
M:
x mM M m
‚뢥¤¥¬ ®âá ­¥à ¢¥­á⢮ ˜¢¥©æ¥à :
 
1 1 1
x
( 1+ x2 + : : : + xn ) x + x + : : : + x =
n
 p p !
1 2

= p
x1
+:::+ p
x n mM +::: +
mM 6
mM mM x1 xn
p p !2
1 x
6 4 p + x + : : : + p + mM
1 mM x n
xn ;
mM 1 mM
pmM
¯®áª®«ìªã ab 6 14 (a + b)2 . Š ¦¤®¥ á« £ ¥¬®¥ pxmM
k + xk ­¥
q q
m M.
¯à¥¢®á室¨â M+ m ‘«¥¤®¢ â¥«ì­®, ¢áï á㬬  ­¥ ¡®«ìè¥,
祬
r r !2
n 2
m+ M = n2  (m4mM
+ M)
:
2

4 M m
â® à áá㦤¥­¨¥ ¯à®é¥, 祬 㠘¢¥©æ¥à , ­® ­  í⮬ ¯ã-
⨠­ ¬ ­¥ 㤠«®áì ¯®«ãç¨âì ­¥à ¢¥­á⢮ ( ) ¤«ï ­¥ç¥â­®£®  n.
®í⮬ã, ç⮡ë í«¥¬¥­â à­ë¬¨ ¬¥â®¤ ¬¨ ¯®«ãç¨âì ­¥à ¢¥­-

á⢮ ( ), ¬ë ¯®¯à®¡ã¥¬ ¤¥©á⢮¢ âì ­¥áª®«ìª® ¨­ ç¥.

‹ ¥ ¬ ¬  . „«ï «î¡ëå ¯®«®¦¨â¥«ì­ëå ç¨á¥«, 㤮¢«¥â¢®àï-


îé¨å ãá«®¢¨î x 6 y 6 z , ¨¬¥¥â ¬¥áâ® ­¥à ¢¥­á⢮
x + y 2 + y + z 2 6 x + z 2:
y x z y z x
à¨ç¥¬ à ¢¥­á⢮ ¤®á⨣ ¥âáï, «¨èì ª®£¤  x = y ¨«¨ y = z .
¥à ¢¥­á⢮ ˜¢¥©æ¥à  4

„ ® ª   §   â ¥ « ì á â ¢ ®. ‡ ¬¥â¨¬, çâ®
  
x+y x 1= x 1 1 y > 0;
y z z y z
y z
¨¡® x=y 6 1 ¨ 1 > y=z . €­ «®£¨ç­® x + y
z > 0. Žáâ «®áì
x 1
á«®¦¨âì ¯®«ã祭­ë¥ ­¥à ¢¥­á⢠. 
‚ â ® à ® ¥ ¤ ® ª   §   â ¥ « ì á â ¢ ® ­ ¥ à   ¢ ¥ ­ á â ¢   ˜ ¢ ¥ © æ ¥ à  .
®«®¦¨¬ ¤«ï ªà âª®áâ¨
r r 
x y
f (x; y) = y + x 2 = y x y 2

x :
‹¥¬¬  ã⢥ত ¥â, çâ® f (x; y ) + f (y; z ) 6 f (x; z ) ¯à¨ x 6 y 6 z .
 áªà®¥¬ ᪮¡ª¨ ¢ «¥¢®© ç á⨠­¥à ¢¥­á⢠ ( ) ¨ ¯¥à¥¯¨è¥¬ ¥¥ 
¢ ­®¢ëå ®¡®§­ ç¥­¨ïå:
X  xi xj 
F (x1 ; x2 ; : : : ; xn ) = n +
+ =
i6=j xj xi
X  xi xj  X ()
=n + 2 =n + f (xi ; xj ):
2 2
+
i6=j xj xi i6=j
 ¬ ­ã¦­® ¯®ª § âì, çâ® ¢ á«ãç ¥ ç¥â­®£® n ¢¥«¨ç¨­  ()
­¥ ¯à¥¢®á室¨â n4 f (m; M ) + n2 ,   ¢ á«ãç ¥ ­¥ç¥â­®£® n | ­¥
2

¯à¥¢®á室¨â

m + M )2  n2
( (m M )2 = n2 + (k2 + k)f (m; M );
4mM 4mM

£¤¥ n = 2k + 1.
Ž£à ­¨ç¨¬áï à áᬮâ७¨¥¬ ­¥ç¥â­ëå n, á«ãç © ç¥â­ëå n
 ­ «®£¨ç¥­. ¥à¥­ã¬¥à㥬, ¥á«¨ ­ã¦­®, ç¨á«  â ª, ç⮡ë x1 6
x2 6 : : : 6 xn . ® «¥¬¬¥ ¤«ï «î¡®© ¢®§à áâ î饩 ¯®á«¥¤®¢ -
⥫쭮á⨠¨­¤¥ªá®¢ i1 6 i2 6 : : : 6 ir (¤ «¥¥ 楯®çª ) ¨¬¥¥â
¬¥áâ® ­¥à ¢¥­á⢮

f (m; xi1 ) + f (xi1 ; xi2 ) + : : : + f (xir 1 ; xir ) + f (xir ; M ) 6 f (m; M ):


’ ª¨¬ ®¡à §®¬, ¤®áâ â®ç­® 㪠§ âì k 2 + k â ª¨å 楯®ç¥ª ¨­-
¤¥ªá®¢, çâ® ¤«ï «î¡®© ¯ àë ¨­¤¥ªá®¢ i < j ­ ©¤¥âáï å®âï ¡ë
¥à ¢¥­á⢮ ˜¢¥©æ¥à  5

®¤­  â ª ï 楯®çª , ¢ ª®â®à®© ¨­¤¥ªáë i ¨ j ¡ã¤ãâ á®á¥¤­¨¬¨.


„¥©á⢨⥫쭮, ¢ í⮬ á«ãç ¥ ¢ ­¥à ¢¥­á⢥, ᮮ⢥âáâ¢ãî饬
í⮩ 楯®çª¥, ¡ã¤¥â á« £ ¥¬®¥ f (xi ; xj ).
“ª ¦¥¬ â ª¨¥ 楯®çª¨. ‚®§ì¬¥¬ ®¤­ã 楯®çªã, á®áâ®ïéãî
¨§ ¢á¥å ç¨á¥« ®â 1 ¤® n; ¤¢¥ 楯®çª¨, ¢ ª®â®àëå ç¨á«  ¨¤ãâ
ç¥à¥§ ®¤­® (­ ç¨­ îéãîáï á 1 ¨ ­ ç¨­ îéãîáï á 2); âਠæ¥-
¯®çª¨, ¢ ª®â®àëå ç¨á«  ¨¤ãâ ç¥à¥§ ¤¢  (­ ç¨­ î騥áï á 1, á 2
¨ c 3); ::: ; k 楯®ç¥ª, ¢ ª®â®àëå à §­®áâì ¬¥¦¤ã á®á¥¤­¨¬¨
ç¨á« ¬¨ à ¢­  k. : : : + k = k(k2+1)
’ ª ¬ë 㪠§ «¨ 㦥 1 + 2 +
楯®ç¥ª, ¢ ª®â®àëå ¢áâà¥â¨âáï ¯®¤àï¤ «î¡ ï ¯ à  ç¨á¥« i < j ,
㤮¢«¥â¢®àïîé ï ãá«®¢¨î j i 6 k. „«ï ®áâ ¢è¨åáï ¯ à ¨­-
¤¥ªá®¢ i ¨ j ¢®§ì¬¥¬ âਢ¨ «ì­ë¥ 楯®çª¨ fi; j g. ®¤áç¨â ¥¬
ª®«¨ç¥á⢮ â ª¨å ¯ à. ˆ¬¥¥âáï ஢­® ®¤­  ¯ à  á à §­®áâìî
ç¨á¥« 2 k | íâ® ¯ à  f1; ng; ¤¢¥ ¯ àë c à §­®áâìî 2k 1, |
íâ® ¯ àë f1; n 1g ¨ f2; ng; âਠ¯ àë á à §­®áâìî 2k 2; ::: ;
k ¯ à á à §­®áâìî k + 1. ˆâ®£® ¨¬¥¥¬ 1 + 2 + : : : + k = k(k2+1)
¯ à. ‘«¥¤®¢ â¥«ì­®, ¬ë 㪠§ «¨ ¥é¥
k(k+1) 楯®ç¥ª. ˆâ®£®
2
¯®«ã稫®áì k 2
+ k 楯®ç¥ª. ’ ª¨¬ ®¡à §®¬,

F (x1 ; x2 ; : : : ; xn ) 6 n2 + (k2 + k)f (m; M ): ( )


‘«ãç © à ¢¥­á⢠ ¢®§¬®¦¥­ ⮫쪮 ⮣¤ , ª®£¤  ¢á¥ ­¥à -
¢¥­á⢠, ­ ¯¨á ­­ë¥ ¤«ï 楯®ç¥ª, ®¡à é îâáï ¢ à ¢¥­á⢮.
„«ï 楯®çª¨ f1; k + 2g ­¥à ¢¥­á⢮ ®¡à é ¥âáï ¢ à ¢¥­á⢮,
§­ ç¨â, á« £ ¥¬®¥ f (xk+2 ; M ) à ¢­ï¥âáï ­ã«î. ®í⮬ã xk+2 =
M ,   §­ ç¨â, ¨ xk+2 = xk+3 = : : : = xn = M . €­ «®£¨ç­® ¢ æ¥-
¯®çª¥ fk +1; 2k +1g ¯à¨áãâáâ¢ã¥â á« £ ¥¬®¥ f (m; xk+1 ), ª®â®à®¥
â ª¦¥ ®¡ï§ â¥«ì­® à ¢­ï¥âáï ­ã«î. ‘â «® ¡ëâì, xk = m, ®â-
ªã¤  x1 = x2 = : : : = xk = m.  ª®­¥æ, à áᬮâਬ ¯¥à¢ãî
楯®çªã, ®­  ¤ ¥â à ¢¥­á⢮

f (m; x1 ) + f (x1 ; x2 ) + : : : + f (xn 1 ; xn ) + f (xn ; M ) = f (m; M ):


‚ «¥¢®© ç á⨠¢á¥ á« £ ¥¬ë¥ ªà®¬¥ f (xk ; xk+1 ) ¨ f (xk+1 ; xk+2 )
à ¢­ë ­ã«î. à¨ í⮬ f (xk ; xk+1 ) = f (m; xk+1 ) ¨ f (xk+1 ; xk+2 ) =
f (xk+1 ; M ). ‘«¥¤®¢ â¥«ì­®,

f (m; xk+1 ) + f (xk+1 ; M ) = f (m; M ):


¥à ¢¥­á⢮ ˜¢¥©æ¥à  6

Žâá § ª«îç ¥¬, çâ® xk+1 à ¢­® «¨¡® m, «¨¡® M. ’ ª¨¬


®¡à §®¬, ­¥à ¢¥­á⢮ ( ) ®¡à é ¥âáï ¢ à ¢¥­á⢮ ⮣¤  ¨ ⮫ì-
ª® ⮣¤ , ª®£¤  á।¨ n ç¨á¥« x1 , x2 , : : : , xn ¢ â®ç­®á⨠k + 1
ç¨á«® ᮢ¯ ¤ îâ á ®¤­¨¬ ¨§ ç¨á¥« m ¨ M ,   ®áâ «ì­ë¥ k ç¨-
ᥫ | á ¤à㣨¬. 
‡   ¬ ¥ ç   ­ ¨ ï. 1. â® ¤®ª § â¥«ìá⢮ ¯® ¬®â¨¢ ¬ à¥è¥­¨ï
§ ¤ ç¨ 7.22 ¨§ [1], â ¬ ª®«¨ç¥á⢮ ç¨á¥« à ¢­® ¯ïâ¨.
2. …᫨ ¢ à áá㦤¥­¨¨ á ®æ¥­ª®© ª®«¨ç¥á⢠ 楯®ç¥ª æ¥-
¯®çª¨ § ¬¥­¨âì ­  ¯®¥§¤ ,   ¨­¤¥ªáë ­  ®áâ ­®¢ª¨, ¯®«ãç¨âáï
§ ¤ ç  41. Ž­  ®ª § « áì «¥¬¬®© ª ®¤­®¬ã ¨§ ¤®ª § â¥«ìáâ¢
­¥à ¢¥­á⢠ ˜¢¥©æ¥à . ®áª®«ìªã ­¥à ¢¥­á⢮ ˜¢¥©æ¥à  ®¡à -
é ¥âáï ¢ à ¢¥­á⢮, 㪠§ ­­®¥ ­ ¬¨ ª®«¨ç¥á⢮ â ª¨å 楯®ç¥ª,
çâ® «î¡ë¥ ¤¢  ¨­¤¥ªá  i ¨ j , i < j , ¡ã¤ãâ á®á¥¤­¨¬¨ å®âï ¡ë ¢
®¤­®© ¨§ íâ¨å 楯®ç¥ª, ­¥ ¬®¦¥â ¡ëâì 㬥­ì襭®. ‚ ¯à®â¨¢­®¬
á«ãç ¥ ­ ¬ ¡ë 㤠«®áì 㬥­ìè¨âì ¯à ¢ãî ç áâì ¢ ­¥à ¢¥­á⢥
˜¢¥æ¥à ,   íâ® ­¥¢®§¬®¦­®.

“ ¯ à   ¦ ­ ¥ ­ ¨ ¥ 1 . „«ï «î¡ëå ¢¥é¥á⢥­­ëå ç¨á¥« x1 , x2 ,


: : : , xn , ¯à¨­ ¤«¥¦ é¨å ¯à®¬¥¦ãâªã [m; M ], £¤¥ 0 < m < M ,
¤®ª ¦¨â¥ ­¥à ¢¥­á⢮
 mM  
1 1
x x : : : + xn ) x + x + : : : + x
( 1+ 2 +
1
6 n(m + M ) 1+mM :
1 2 n 1+ mM
“ ¯ à   ¦ ­ ¥ ­ ¨ ¥ 2 .  ) (‚. ‘¥à¯¨­áª¨© [9]) „«ï «î¡ëå ¯®«®-
¦¨â¥«ì­ëå ç¨á¥« x1 , x2 , : : : , xn ¤®ª ¦¨â¥ ­¥à ¢¥­á⢮
   n
(x1 + x2 + : : : + xn )
1
+
1
+:::+
1
6 A n2 ;
x1 x2 xn G
£¤¥ ç¥à¥§ A ¨ G ®¡®§­ ç¥­® á।¥¥  à¨ä¬¥â¨ç¥áª®¥ ¨ á।­¥¥
£¥®¬¥âà¨ç¥áª®¥ ç¨á¥« x1 , x2 , : : : , xn .
¡) ‚뢥¤¨â¥ ¨§ ¯ã­ªâ   ) ­¥à ¢¥­á⢮ ˜¢¥©æ¥à .

“ ¯ à   ¦ ­ ¥ ­ ¨ ¥ 3 (Ž. ˜¨è  [8]). „«ï «î¡ëå ¢¥é¥á⢥­­ëå


ç¨á¥« x1 , x2 , : : : , xn , ¯à¨­ ¤«¥¦ é¨å ¯à®¬¥¦ãâªã [m; M ], £¤¥
0 < m < M , ¤®ª ¦¨â¥ ­¥à ¢¥­á⢮
x1 + x2 + : : : + xn n 6 (M m)2 :
n 1 1
x1 x2
+ + : : : + 1
xn
¥à ¢¥­á⢮ ˜¢¥©æ¥à  7

“ ¯ à   ¦ ­ ¥ ­ ¨ ¥ 4 (Z.-C. Hao). ‚¥é¥á⢥­­ë¥ ç¨á«  x1 , x2 ,


: : : , xn ¯à¨­ ¤«¥¦ â ¯à®¬¥¦ãâªã [m; M ], £¤¥ 0 < m < M . „®-
ª ¦¨â¥, çâ® ¥á«¨ 0 < q 6 p < 1 ¨ p + q = 1, â® ¨¬¥¥â ¬¥áâ®
­¥à ¢¥­á⢮
 q
x
( 1+ x2 + : : : + xn )p x1 + x1 + : : : + x1 6 n(pM + qm)
mq M q :
1 2 n

References
[1] Š®­ï£¨­ ‘. ‚., ’®­®ï­ ƒ. €., ˜ à루­ ˆ. ”. ¨ ¤à. ‡ àã¡¥¦­ë¥ ¬ â¥-
¬ â¨ç¥áª¨¥ ®«¨¬¯¨ ¤ë. Œ.:  ãª , 1987.
[2] ®«¨  ƒ., ‘¥£¥ ƒ. ‡ ¤ ç¨ ¨ â¥®à¥¬ë ¨§  ­ «¨§ . — áâì I. Œ.:  ãª ,
1978.
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