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Открытый урок

“Art for heart’s sake” R. Goldberg.

Тема “Art”

Цель урока.

Задачи урока.

1. Продолжить формирование навыков устной (диалогической и монологической)
2. Развитие лексических, аудитивных и произносительных навыков.
1. Формирование у учащихся эмоционально – ценностного отношения к
искусству, развитие познавательного интереса.
1. Развитие способности выразить и обосновать свою точку зрения по данному
вопросу или проблеме.
2. развить чувство любви к искусству и понимание его огромной роли в развитии
Основные методы : объяснительно - иллюстративный, репродуктивный

Формы работы: фронтальная, парная, групповая

Оснащение урока:

Наглядный материал (репродукции картин английских и русских

художников, высказывания об искусстве).

Раздаточный материал (лексический материал, таблицы для задания по

Ход урока

The topic of our lesson today is art and it’s role in people’s life. It’s the
continuation of our discussion of the previous texts and the vocabulary concerning art.

At the lesson we are:

A to discuss your last visit to our local gallery;

B to work at our additional vocabulary;

C to listen to the short reports prepared by your classmates about painters;

D to complete the tables while listening and discuss the most important information;

E to speak a little about our text “art for heart’s sake” and discuss some problems
concerning art;

F to make up your dialogues about art.

1 A conversational warming – up- about their last visit to our local picture gallery.

2 Now we are to revise our vocabulary. Make up sentences using these words and
expressions(the wordlist is given to them). Work in two groups, listen to the
definitions and explanations and give the correct words or expressions.

3 Now you are to listen to your classmates (pieces of information about world-best

4 Complete the tables individually while listening after that you are to compare the
results in groups.
Well, this group is speaking about J. Turner and another one – about J. Constable.

5 Let’s talk about our text “Art for heart’s sake” and then discuss some interesting
points concerning art.
6 Now, make up your own dialogues. Use the vocabulary, our home text and the pieces
of information about painters also may be used for the dialogues.

7 Summing up (marks, commentaries, home work).

Преподаватель Трегубенко Ирина Валерьевна.

Joseph Turner (1775-1851).

J. T. is the greatest English romantic Landscape painter, was born not far from
London he entered the Royal Academy at the age of 14 and in a year his first water-
colours were exhibited in Academy. Later he traveled a lot about English country-side.
He began his activity in art as a water color master. Light and atmosphere were his
characteristic features. Turner is a super colourist. As he never married he devoted his
time to art. He loved his paintings as a man loved his children.

In 1802 at the age of 27 he became a Royal Academician. From this time his
paintings became in great demand and brought good prices. Turner made over four
hundred drawings. Between 1802-1809 he painted a series of sea-pieces, but the best is
“Sun Rising in Mist.” It was his first success. In his canvases he reflected with the help
of snow the idea of survival and even in our days they look very prophetic.

Turner was the master of the air and the wind, of the rain and sunshine, of
horizon, of ships and sea. He dissolved the forms of his Landscape in the play of Light
and shade, he anticipated the work of French impressionist in painting.

Turner’s understanding and ability to paint light was far ahead of his time.

He began to paint light and movement in a new and startling way. And critics didn’t
accustom to his new way of looking at the nature and it was his real novelty into
painting. They thought that he had gone mad. His subject was nature and light.

On the board we can see his well-known canvases :

1.” The Whaleboat”- before 1845

2.”Rain, steam and speed”- in1844

3.”Wallon’s bridges- in 1806

And I’d like to describe his marine painting “The Whaleboat”. It’s a great advance
in Turner’s style, especially in the matter of colour. We can observe the fight between
the boat and the whale. We can feel the strength and alarm of the see, the force of wind
and waves. We can feel the surge of the ocean’s waves. And almost hear the shrill
scream of the wind. The whale’s fate is already decided. The raged waves of the ocean
reflect the inner condition of the whale.

At the end of his life Turner refused to exhibit his pictures for fear that people
would think he was mad. And now his collection of paintings in the National and the
Tate Galleries.

His famous pictures were exhibited at the Royal Academy periodically.

John Constable (1776- 1837)

John Constable is an outstanding English painter. Along with Turner he is considered to

be one of the greatest English landscape artists.
He was born in the south of England, in1776, in a small village Suffolk which
overlooked the fertile valley of the river Stour. He saw very beautiful woods, greens in
nature and, being very talented, reflected nature’s colours in his sketches which he then
composed into pictures. He painted the landscape without any changes and the trees or
other objects were in his paintings very true to life.

The beauty of surrounding scenery made him the first landscape painter in England.
His father was a miler, who wanted his son to be a miller, like himself. After a long
struggle, John at last managed to get to London to study painting where his vocation was
confirmed. He became a student at the Royal Academy School. Coping portraits by
Reynolds, he learnt however, some useful lessons, he followed Reynolds’ technique.

Until 1820 his pictures regularly exhibited at the Royal Academy, and passed unnoted.
At last his canvas ’’Flatford Mill’’ drew the attention to him in 1820.The next year
“The Hay Wain”, made such an impression upon the lovers of art and critics and for the
first time Constable’s pictures were hung up in the famous Saloon of 1820. And it was
his fist and real success, but it was in France. In England, on the other hand, critics
remained obdurate and the general public indifferent. As it is said in such situation: “
Now prophet is accepted in his own country”.

Now I’d like you to attract your attention to his famous canvas “The Cornfield”. It was
to become the most popular of all his paintings and public announced it perfect. In his
attempts to reproduce the unceasing movement and even the shimmer of light upon
things, Constable endeavoured to achieve his object by a sort of granular effect, a
scattering of white dots over his canvas. And it was his novelty in modern art. Here the
trees are green and the corn stands high in the field , waiting for the harvest. This is a
typical view of the English rural landscape from the nineteenth century. The thirsty
shepherd- boy drinks from the stream, while the ass licks moisture from the leaves. This
boy is doing his job, but he hasn’t noticed that the gate to the cornfield is broken,
making a gap in the fence, may be sheep will escape into the field and trample the crops.
The sheepdog has noticed and will bark to attract the shepherd-boy’s attention and the
farmer will close the gate.

Constable couldn’t paint without loving and he passionately loved the English
landscape. He created for himself a direct and intense technique of expression. This
painter’s proud desire to be alone with Nature is certainly the most precious thing that
Constable brought into modern art. The sky for the painter was not only an arrangement
of colours; it was alive with the life which exposed that of the earth. At the end of his
career he developed more lyrical style, using thick layers of paint to create his effects.

Constable’s works were forgotten until 1888 when his daughter bequeathed a large
number of her father’s paintings to the nation.

William Hogarth (1697-1764)

W. Hogarth is one of the greatest English painters of the 18 th century. In his pictures he
reflected social life and in many of them the beauty of his painting was accompanied by
satire. The “Marriage-a-la-Mode”, “The Election Entertainment” were painted to show
the life very satirically. In 1742 he painted “The Graham Children” where he brilliantly
used his delicate colours to show the charm of childhood.

He made his name as an artist painting “conversation pieces”. These little pictures were
very popular in England during the 18th century. They represented members of the same
family or close friends having tea, playing cards, or simply talking to one another.
Hogarth said that his picture was his stage, and men and women his players.

Later two ideas came to Hogarth’s mind. One idea was to paint moral drama of life
in series of pictures. The second one was to make engravings. His first success came
with his moral series “The Harlot’s Progress”. It showed a country girl in London.
The masterpiece of the series was the famous “Marriage-a la- Mode”. This set of
pictures describes a marriage between the daughter of a rich man and a young lord. I’d
like to describe one of them which is called “Before the marriage” On the right we can
see Lord Squanderfield pointing to his family tree. His family is ancient and noble, but
he was wasted his fortune. He is fat and obviously eats to much. Outside, the builders
have stopped work. There is no money to pay them, and without payment, they won’t
work. They are on strike!

Opposite him sits a wealthy merchant. Lord wants some of his money! The merchant
has plenty of money, but his family hasn’t a noble and ancient name. So, a marriage is
arranged between their children. Lord’s son will marry the merchant’s daughter, and the
two families will each get what they want. Lord will get the money and the merchant’s
daughter will have a noble title. But does she look very happy? What is the lawyer
suggesting to her? Lord’s son doesn’t seem to care that the two will be shackled together
in an arranged marriage. Can you see the two dogs in the corner? They are shackled
together with a chain just like the unhappy couple.

Hogarth’s novelty in modern art was the expression in his pictures the new mood of
national ascension, the critical spirit of English self confident bourgeoisie. Other
pictures we look at , but his pictures we read.

Hogarth’s fame is, in fact, based on these “moral” engravings. They are full of humor.
All through his life, though, Hogarth could also paint pieces of superb painting. His
works were exhibited at the Tate Gallery.

Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792)

Reynolds is a famous English painter. He became a fashionable portrait painter artist

with the English gentry and aristocracy of his time, using a formal style known as the
“grand manner”. He often placed the portraits in outdoor country settings, capturing the
subtle effects of light with rapid yet delicate brushwork. He painted many important
people, including his friend Samuel Johnson(English critic, poet and lexicographer). He
became the first president of the Royal Academy and used his lectures, known as the
Discourses, to express his value of academic art and the status of the artist.

Reynolds connected successfully man and nature, it was his novelty in modern art. The
artist showed the character of a person through the nature which was the background of
his canvases. The first success came to him in 1780 with the portrait of actress Sarah
Siddons (she was the leading tragic actress of her time, famous for roles such as Lady
Macbeth). She was also painted by Gainsborough (famous English master of portrait).
Reynolds exhibited his pictures at the Royal Academy.

Now some words about the portrait of Lady Francis Finch. It attract our attention
because of her pleasant, romantic, quiet and exquisite appearance. The eyes of this lady
are full of kindness, calmness, tender. Though she is a very rich and important, it doesn’t
influence on her character. She isn’t pompous, ornate or pretentious.
He was very lyrical painter and a very strong psychologist, he painted mostly women
on the background of a scenery. His portraits are optimistic and the light and the shade
of colour are in full harmony with the lines.

Isaac Levitan (1860-1900)

Levitan is famous throughout Russia for his ability to express the soul of Russian nature,
and the artist always praised in his works the poetic beauty of Russian nature.

He is an outstanding master of the “moody” landscape, in which the personal, emotional

and lyrical are forcefully emphasized. The objects of his paintings were the countryside,
the fields, woodlands and meadows. Levitan’s pictures were a reflection of the life of the
people. The painter sees nature as endowed with an inner life of it’s own. Levitan’s 1 st
paintings were like restrained melodies which later merged to form an intricate musical
composition His pictures are filled with bright sun light. Their extraordinary freshness
is enchanting. The Volga is closely licked to his creative life. The broad vista , the calm
of the far stretching land, the measured flow of the deep river, the smooth curve of its
banks together reproduce the inexplicable charm of nature. The master’s brush captured
the pensive sweet of the Volga, the changing light patterns, the continuous rhythm of life
and the beauty of the landscape. The first success came with the picture “Evening on the
Volga” in 1888. His famous canvases “After the rain”, “ The Reach”(1889) and
“Evening Bells”(1892) also brought the artist fame. He longed to tell about Russia and
its people, about their hopes, dreams, their sufferings and hardships. He is concerned
with man’s place in this large and complicated world, the destiny of Russia and its

His novelty in modern art was that he revealed so deeply and boldly the hardships of this
period, the civil imagination rang out so distinctly. He showed the close connection
between the true of the life and the fine appreciation of poetry.

Levitan loved nature and life with a consuming passion. The boundless delight which he
experienced in nature is manifested in many of his works: “The Birch Grove”, “Spring
in Italy”, Mediterranean Sea-Shore”, “March”, “Golden Autumn”, “Fresh Wind”. One
researcher called Levitan’s landscapes “songs without words”. His outstanding
masterpieces were exhibited at the Tretyakov State Gallery in 1938.

Now I’d like to describe his famous picture “The Birch Grove”. We can see the display
of special simplicity of feelings. The great master painted these leaves, trees, grass with
bright expressiveness, it is shown the perfection of our nature. Using technique of
impressionism, painter offers to us to watch the fanciful movement and the vibration of
the light. The nature is represented with its sheer beauty, great force. Sunlight is the
main mean, making a great temper.

Levitan strove to pass freshness, direct reception of nature. Looking at this picture we
can’t be indifferent, such canvases fill our hearts with tender and love to all alive. Their
pictures teach us to love our charming nature.

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