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IEMEHHOE QENO BREEDING YAK 639.59:575.22 DOI 10.33845/0033-5239-2019-68-11-12-18-22 Ucnonb30BaHne reHeTH4uecKoro MaTepnana 6vopecypcHod KoNNeKWMK NpH cos_aHnn MACHOK NOposbi Nepenenos «PagoHnexkcKkne» Poirep A.C., foKrop cenvcKoxoswiicrbennuix Hay, NPOdECcOp, PyKOBOAMTENL HayAMOro HanpaBneNAR FenerHka M CeneKUMR OTBHY @enepanvih nayanoi uentp «Bcepoccnicnnh nayano-AccnegowarenbcKait Ht TexHoMornNecKnit HNCERTYT MHUEEOACTBAD PocentcKon axagemnn nayx (HL «BHATIA» PAH) AnwaKon 1B. KaNaiaas CenvenoxOsnACTeeHHelx HAY. AMPEKIOP ‘OTBY Cenenuonno-renertveckiit uentp «aropexoe SIX» Aerrapena TH, naysnsit corpyannk Aerrapena O.H., acrpant OTBHY @enepanvih nayanoi uentp «Bcepoccnicnnh nayano-AccnegowarenbcKait Ht TexHoMornNecKnit HNCERTYT MHUEEOACTBAD Poceniickom axagennn wayk (HL «BHIATIN» PAH) Annomawun: Ocro6oi cosdavun nopod nepenesa6 réuncs zenemuveckuli Mamepuan nepenenos nopod papaon u mexacckue Benvie, coxpaunemtix 6 OOO «fenopond» MockoBcKod obnacmu, Cenexyuro nepenenoé 6enu ¢ ichonesobanues HoSex u mpadu4uoHHix Memodo6, B OcHoBy ceneKYuN nmuYe SIN nonOKeN OmBop (namenm Ne 9996 om 23.01.2019), UenecooSpasnocms pasbedenua 2mod nopodu onpedennemica GvicoKum Kavecméom nonyyaemod npodyxyuu npu Bosee nusKod ee cebecmoumocmu, Kmonedvre cno6a: 6uopecypchas KonneKuus, MACHUIe nepenena, cenex4us, nopoda, npodyxmubHocme. senjenne. flo Henasnero ope- _KOTOPHe AeNMOTCA caMLINM pac: XOIRACTBA NTHKEeeoAce- Men onbiT BuipauneaKi nepene- _npocrpanexnuamn e Mxpe nopona —_mloStrene. Ha >1H NpennpuarHn OB Na MACO B POCcHH OICYICTBO- —_-MHMACHOFO KaNpABNeNHANpoAYK: —eblUlenepeuHcneNNMe nopoabl ean. 31a curyalus waMeHHnacs —THBHoCTH [1,2,3]. NepeonavansHo SHIN saBeseHt w3-3a pybexa Ges Nip 3apoxe © CIpany nepenenos —_revlerHvecKiIt Marepnan 6uin 2aBe- —NnpowicxOKMeHHA, nyreM OGMeNa opon cbapaon u Texacckan Genan, _-2eN B EPMEPCKHE H NoACOBHNe THE MeEKAY NTH\eBonaMH- 1s svoSuTesiaMH npHrpaHH4He:x cIpaH vw mein nytem [4,5] Mo pesynsratam ouenky nopoa, capaon w rexacckne Gensie 6 OOO «fenorbong» Geno ormeyeHo, 410 ara mya npencrasnser onpene- SlenHbih npaktaveckmi wnTepec Ona xapaxrepuayerca cpasnntens- Ho sbicoKot cKopocreio npupocra >xmgoit Macs! H yaoBneTBopHTenb- Hol KoBepcHelt KopMa B pacuere Ha KF npowssogMMor nponyKuMn Onako y 210 nrnyss Goin HHSKHE Socnponssogmrenbsie nokasare- JK HecraGHnbHaN npoAyKTHE~ Hocts [6,7,8] Takum o6pasom, qs passxi4n MacHoro nepenenosoactsa s03- Hiiksa HeoGxogumocts cosgary BEICOKONPOAYKTHBHYIO MaCHYIO nlopony nepenenos, npucnocos- seHHyIO K TpagHumonnbi ain Po yenosnam conepxannn u KopMvie- Hig, OMAMAIOUIYIOCA BBICOKOH MAC Hom nponyktasHocTsio, GMonorH- Yeckor nomHoueHHocrsio nonyyae- MoM NPOAYKUMH H SKOHOMMYECKO addexnenocrsio ee npowseon- Marepnan meroquxa Mcenenomanns. OcHosoit cosaa- Hus nTMys! Hosoro noKoneHuR Nlochykwn reHeTHMeckMi MarepH- an GuopecypcHoh KonneKyn epenenos nopog cbapaon it rexac- ckne Genbie, coxpannembix 8 OOO sfenocbong» MockoscKoh o6nac- tw, Tanwsneix ana gaHierx nopoa oco6en npomapxuposann cogepxann rpynnamm 8 creynans- Ho OGopyAOBAHHAKX ANA MACHBIX epenenoe xnerowniix Garapenx ‘pw nonogom coorowenHn 1:3. To ganneim oyeHKM nAyss nlepenena nopogs cbapaon (c KopHunesoi oKpackoit onepenin) WTexacckne Genbie (6 OCHOBHOM, ¢ Genon oxpackoit nepa) xapaxrepH- 20BANHCE HeBBICOKOII RiAYEHOCKOC- toio (205-210 way 3a 44 Hegenn >XxXMSHH), BbiBog MoNOAHAKa B TENE Hite npoayktaeHoro nepvoga xone- Gancs or 55 Ao 63%, np som xwean Macca nepenenst s 6+ Hegenstom sospacre Geina no cam- yam or 195 go 256 r, 10 camKaM or 215 go 287 +f, mpm coxpanHoctn MoniogHaka Ha yposHe 91-93%. Ha HavanbHom stane pasorsl y ntHys! bin ormevenss Aecbexrel akcTepS- epa (ncxpHenenns Knosa, Kuna FpyAHO KocTH, nansues Hor M Ap.) xapaktepHsle ain uAGpemHon nth uu Ana ymenbwenna nn6pegnon Aenpeccnm M cosmanna nTHyst Hozoro nokonenns tin npoBene- Hol npaMpie H o6parHste ckpeUiH- Banna nopos ébapaon w Texacckne Gensie no cneayiouelt cxeme: | rpynnia - 20:2 cbapaon x 80 9 Texacckne Gensie; 2 rpynna- 20 3 Texacckne Gensiex 80 dapaon, OF onsititix rpynn 68170 npo- visxy6uposano no 300 any. Boise oce no rpynna 211 4 194 nepe- TEMEHHOE ENO BRELDING ens, ws Hux 11S ronos (ann 28,4% Guinn oco6x c npenmyusec- ‘TeeHHo Geom oxpackoi onepenns (no atanoran ¢ rexaccxnmn Sensi MH), AByrMe eco xapakrepiz0- BaNHce B OCHOBHOM KopHuHeso oxpackofi; Obi TaKKe oco6H C Apyroit oxpackori (cMoKHHroBHIE H ap.) Tip ouenke macneix Kavects tua ¢ npeHMyuIecTBEHHO GenbiM onepennem nmena Gonee npnene- karenbHiit Tosapnbii BHA TyWKiA, Tom nocnyxuno ocHosaHHem sbiGopa TaKor mtMubi Ans AanbHeli- wet cenexun Ana seisenenin nrmyst 2xenae- Moro tHna 6si1a_paspa6orana Mogens cosqacaemon noponsi Aocwxenne sannannposanieix napamerpoe nmiysi_npozoayan nytem HcnonbzoBanna nip cenek- UAH nonnreHieIx KoHcrPyKUMA coctonumx W3 Komnmexca npwsha- KoB, XapakrepHbix ANA OTUOBCKMX i marepmiicknx @opm. MpH BiGo- pe npwsnaka HM Mcnonbsosanns cenexyMoHHoro HaxwMa KeXoAH- Ha KOMNneKcHBIM noKazarenb Ana oTuoBcKom bopmel: KMBAR Macca, MacHble opm! Tenocnoxenna, a Takoke onmoforsopeHHocTs stu} Ana MarepMHicKo opmel: nnogo- shTocts (aAyeHocKocTs, BbXoA M KAMECTEO WHKY6AUMOHHEIX MU) pH craHfaprisix nokasarensx xwsoit mace [pv onpegenennn 19 Nruyenogeree -NE11-12 -2019 Mrayeuogerso - N211-12 -2019 ANEMEHHOE ENO BREEDING. [GEE ESES SSSR Thoxoneune _OTMOSEKAN hopuia Marepomcxan Gopma Bcpeswen no nopone ‘epenen nepenenka nepenen nepenenwa nepenen nepenenxa arg 282.1 235.7 2692536282 fl 2a 2738 2 2516 2834 3 26052879 Fa 271429241 Fo 282.2 -309,3 6 29473317 9 3089 3452 Fi 3258 3686 FUL 3386 376, ceneKUMOHHOTO HaXKKMA MOKOAK ‘1M M3 BAMAHKA TOO HnK MHOFO pH shaka Ha KOHeYHBIA NpoAYKT, ero Nacneayemocts, H3MeNNMBOCTE 1 B2anmocenab CApyrHMM NPH3HAKA- Man. Pesynprarei_uecnegozannit W Mx oGcympenne. B pesynsrate poseneHHor pa6oTs coaniaH MAC Hor Tun nepenenos, onMopoaHDt No Okpacke onepeHns, pasBHTiio axcTepbepa, cTOfiko nepenawouwit ceneKuMoHMpyembie npHaHaKH noromcrey. Buisenenan nopoga xapakre- PHayeTCA OGuOCTHIO NPOHCKOX- AeHiA, AnHTenbHbIM paaBegeHneM «8 ce6e», CrpyxtypHo ofa cocrout Ws aByx cneyanMsHpoBaHHex NO HanpasneHwio npoaykrasHoctn aenoexocrs 3844 nen, wi Macca nfs ‘nn , ocr any 3 Boimonwmocts Fi 2065 13,7 83,5757 Fi 215.1 138 86,2 76.2 91 4027S - - eae 2735 - . 2510 2034 = = 2605 2679 238, 285,3, 260.2 297.3 pare 2964 2685 314.1 2597 322.7 28433345 26793304 2743495, 267.7 348.8, 313,2__ 3626, ‘Tuno8. B CBOIO oNepeR, OH COCTO~ ars 12 reneaniormeckax mania A 117 cemenicrs, Moxasarenn mame- Hens KHBOA Mace nepenenos & pouecce ceneKunn npHseaenti 8 ra6n 1. VameHunsocts HBO Mace! (Cv) no camuam w camKam no ronan ceneKumn coctasnanu oF 18,9 20 10,1%, Hacnemyemocts (h?sD) - or 0,42 200,28 Creayet ormernre, 10 3a nep~ BbIe TPH MoKONeMHA ceneKUMH ¥ Repenenos Stina nosbwena xmas Macca MonogHaKa Ha 5,4%, TO Ke Bpenta oTMeveHo cHDKeHHE BocnponssoqntensHbx Kavects, musi. Tax, BbixoR nepenensr or Hecywikn yMeHbunnnca Ha 6,5 ronos unin 5,8% (ra6n. 2). B canan ¢ naan seen, i i 367.1 421.3 37184373 447 416,042.48 THM, HaNMHas C4 NOKONeHHE, NO rpamMa qanbHenwen ceneKynn ‘Tupi Goina wsMeHeHa. Ha ocHose cemefcrs, oGecneunsaiounx Gonee sbicoKnhi (He meHee 10%) BbiXoR Nepenenar oT HECyUIKK, Guia cosqana fpynna mayb, Koro pan oGecneumaana nonnepKaKe BocnponsBoaMTeNbHEIX KaNecTE Ha Aoctarouxom yposne. Kak cneayer a manHbx Taba. 2, @ peaynbrare ceneKumonHor pa6ors, Hapany ¢ yeenmuennem xnBom maccel MonogHaka no nopone, 6611 ye wueH Tako KOMnMeKcHEI NOKa- satens, Kak BbIXoA nepenensT oT HecyuikH Ha 8.3% Mp 30m coxpaHHocrs Bspocnow nrmybi Obina Ha yposHe 94,2-95,1%. Ananns nonyweHHerx aMiex CBM nerenscrayer 06 admbextmenoctn spinonvennof paSorel, KaK 5 nna He nonbWeHHA MacHOl npoayK queHocm4, Tak HM BocnpoHaBoqK Tenbieix xavecrs nryst. BnepHon posegenna cenexunonnor pabo- ‘Tel Hacnenyemocts siiyenockoctH (h®sD) Kone6anace 8 npegenax 17,7-19,8, vamenunsocre (Cv) - 23,2-33,8%; suiBoR MonoAWAKa: h’sD 12,8-19,1, Cv 17,4-21,9%; KOMMMeKCHBIA rokasaTens OWeHKM (seixon monogHaka ot HecywKH): h?sD 17,7-24,9, Cv25,1-34,7%, B yenom siisenenrian nopona xapakrepusyetca KomnaKtHbiM Tenocnoxennem, xopouselt OGMyC- kyneHHocTso ocHoBHBX crater Tena, cpasHHTeNbHo BbicoKHM BEINOHOM rpygHeIX HW HoxHbIX Muiwy, Yeennuenne ckopocra npi pocra xuB0i Macctl MonoaHAKa € CAHOSpeMeHHeIM nosbiweHneM Socnpowssoamrenbusix noxasare- Heh miMys MoxHO OGERCHHTS viTeHCHEHOM cenexyned nepene- jos 0 seAyUIMM nipHsHaKam ¢ vcnonbsopannem TpagMUMoHHerx v Hoseix npHemos or6opam non6o- pa, a Takxke crangaprazaynelt >xwsoit Maccel, AOCTATHYTOR nyreM Wanpagnenworo ebipaweannn MonogHaKa. Cosqantias nmmya gosonsHo ckopocnena, WHTeHCHBHEI npHe oct >kHBOH Macchl 2agepUlaeTcA K 5-6 HegensHomy sospacty, mitue- Hockocts Hactynaet 8 7-8 Hegens, 3a rog MoxHo nony4nTs H o4eHHT Ao 5 nokonenna nrHusi, B10 speMs kak y Apytix BoB CemBcKoxOsAit- cTeenHerx rm (kyp, HHAeeK, YOK, ryceit, uecapox) - He Gontee onHoro noxonennn [2,9,10]. 8 cemn ¢ oTHM eblgeqenHsie nepenena Moryt Goi Mopensio Ans nposegenun reeTHecknx uccnegorannit & MacHow mauesoacree. Mposegennete nponssogcrsen- Hole McnstTaKis nogreepaWnn 3Ko- Hommveckylo acbibextustocts pas- Bepenua cosqanHon nopoasi Nepenena, nonyuewne Hassanne «Pagonexckne», npesocxonst Texacckux Genbix H cbapaoHos fo ckopocta nippocta xHEOH Mace! 5 Y6omiHom sospacte Ha 17,0- 25,1%, Konsepcnn KopMa Ha 12,0 26,1%. Mp 210M ce6ectommocrs nonyientoh Machol npoayKunA y ink Gbina HIDKe, HEM B HCKOAHEX chopmax (nopoga rexacckve Genie vw cbapaon), Ha 13,4-27,2%. Banmovenne. B pesynbrare choxtoro socnpowssoquTenbHoro, cepewneanna nopon dapach w Texacckie Genbie ¢ nocnegyiouen Anurenbnon cenexyner (11 noKo- jennie), HanpasnenHon Ha Noss lene npoayKrHeHex m socnpo- wssogmrenseix Kavects, bina seisegena nopofa nepenenos, nonyinewian WaaBanne «PagoHex- ckme> (narenr Ne 9996 oF 23.01.2019). 8 ochoey ceneKynn Typ! 6sin NonoxeH OTOP CHO Hed nonAreHHex cIpyKtyp Komi HecteeHHsix npusHaKos 6 yensKe C agantneHoh cnoco6HocreIo nepe- hnenos Ha sramax 4x pocta, passi- THAW npoayKtaBHoctH. 3a nepwom cenexunn -KneaR acca nepenenoe Guia yeennuena Ha 31%, KonsepcHa Kopma Ha 13.4%, XKuean acca cozaannori noponbi & S-HeAensom sospacte coctasnser: nepenena-290 r; nepe- nenkn - 315 r, KoHBepcas Kopma 2,35 Kt/kr npmpocta xMBOH mac |, coxpanHocte MonogHaka - 97,0%; & 6-Henenstiom eoapacre - 330 1,360 r;2,95 nr/xr;96,5% coor Mepenenoe noponti «PanoHex- cxne> pexomenayem vcnonbso- ath ana npowsBoncrea maca 8 npo- MelnenHinx, cbepmepcKHx 4 npH- TEMEHHOE ENO BRELDING ycaneSuuixxosaricteax, Anreparypa 1.Chang 6.8, Chang Ha, LUX, XuW. Developmental research on the origin and phylogeny of quails // World's Poult Sc, J. 2005, -V. 61, No I. =. 105-111 2. Minviele F, What are quall good for ina chicken-focused world? // Worlds Poult Sc, J. 2008, -V. 65, No 4. -. 601-608. 3, Bepixapar ®, KioHe A., lowanoe- xan B, Mlepenena, Mlontioe pyKozo- creo no yxony, conepxannioH pa2se- evita, Ma ACT, 2010,-1206. 4. xo. MponyxtHenie n Bocnpoit Bopirenbisie noxazarenn wscisix nepenenoe np pannsix cnoco6ax 2012, conepxanun // Mnmuesoact: C1823 5, Poiep A.C., Rerrapesa TAH. ere esa O.H., ANUAaKOR [.B. Texooona Topon nepenenos cocroaine 4 nep- nexrueni ncnonsaopaninx // Mrnueeo- sere0,-2017.-N&6,-C. 7-116 6. Moncrpewnni 0.7, Tepewerxo 0.8., Karepnin 0.0., Teak TE, Ropcrpewha 1.0. Bupo6imuree nepe- renin neub a M se3.~BipkH, 2010. ~ 64 7. 2oxoit H, Quenka W er6op nnewenx nepenenoe no 21R0R acce H KOHBep- «an xopwa // Nposnew 6HonorHH cx >xuoribix-201 1.-Ne4.-C, 4852 8, lertapesa O.H.Pocr, passimie W BoC MpowsBonHTENbHHe KavecTBa_nepene- nos macuexx nopon // Mar, mexayrap. Hay. KOM. = M2018, = NeT.=C. 774 Nruyenogeree -NE11-12 -2019 Mrayeuogerso - N211-12 -2019 ANEMEHHOE ENO BREEDING 77, mn crparerna nnmosauyonyoro pas lerapena Taroawa Hixonaeawa 9, Pofep AC, Tyeeua HK, PyceuKan emtwa, - M.: Poccenbxosaxanemis, lertapena OnbraHnxonaena TUM, Ocnosniie vanpaanenin cenexiye- 209,148, Tens 8 (496) 551-65-97 conmofpaons ¢ yecapeaten // Tria E-mail roitervaitip.ru rmuenpenyeru.-2006,-No1,-C. 1617, Am kowrawra camropann: ‘Anusaxon Ammrpni Baqanonne 10, dacuns BM, Mewuesogcrao Pos Pofirep ikon Conomononne Ten: 8 (496) 546-19-20 ‘The Use of Genetic Material of the Gene Pool Collection in the Selection of New Meat-Type Quail Breed “Radonezhskie” Anshakov D.V., Degtyareva T.N,, Degtyareva O.N. Federal Scientific Center "All-Russian Research and Technological institute of Poultry" of Russian Academy of Sciences Summary. A new quail breed was selected on the basis of the genetic material of Pharaoh and Texas White breeds from the Gene Pool Collection preserved by “Genofond” Co. (Moscow Province) using both traditional and innovative ‘methods of selection. The selection was based on the complex polygenic structures related to the quantitative traits and adaptive ability at different stages of the ontogenesis. The selection for 11 generations increased live bodyweight in new breed by 31.0%, decreased feed conversion ratio (FCR) by 13.4%. The productive parameters of new breed at 5 weeks of age are as follows: live bodyweight in males 290 g, in females 315 g, FCR 2.35, mortality in youths 3.0%; at 6 weeks of age 330 and 360 g, 2.95, and 3.5%, respectively. The new breed is early maturing: the intense increase of live bodyweight occurs until 5-6 weeks of age, egg production starts at 7-8 weeks. Large-scale experiments showed that output of poults per average hen is higher by 12.2% in compare to Texas White breed, live bodyweight at slaughter higher by 16.9%. The new breed was called “Radonezhskie” (patent RU 9996, priority 23.01.2019). The commercial significance of this breed is related to high quality of the production and lower production costs compared to the original breeds. Key words: gene pool collection, meat-type quails, selection, breed, productive performance. Geared Dnuscomuyeckan cumyaKun no ocoGo onacueim Gonesnam xuGomnDIx 6 mupe c 23 no 29 non6ps 2019 z08a B nepuod c 23 no 29 nosbpa 2019 209a cmpanta coobwausu Go BceMupnyo opeanusayur oxpants sdopo8es xuBomiex (M35) 0 198 owaeax ocobo onacnux Boneswet. Buis6nene nodwe oxaeu Geicoxonamecennozo zpunna nmuy 6 Taiéane (2). 8 Hueepuu sapeeucmpuposan ove uaxonamozennoeo zpunna nmuy, Bo.eane Howkacna omuevena 8 CUA (2 ovaze). Cneuuanucme Hndpopwayuonno-avarumuseckoeo uekmpa npu OIBY «BHAI» npodonxoxom caeBume 30 pasBumuen _anusoomuveckot cumyauuu 6 mupe cpedu xuBomnax. C Boxee nodpobHol uMdbopwayuell HOxNO osMaKoMUmeCs Ha caiime Poccensxosnadsopa 6 pasdene «3nuscomuveckan cumyayuse, eCoobwenu HALL Hemounun: npecc-cnynba @T6Y «BHAMSK» 22