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L3 - DRILLING & SUBSEA WELLHEADS

EXPLORATION METHODS

RESERVOIR MODELLING AND DRILLING PROGRAMME

TYPICAL SUBSEA WELLS

OFFSHORE DRILLING VESSELS

DRILLING A SUBSEA WELL

WELLHEADS – Design & Function

WELLHEADS - Connection to BOPs and Trees

Mobile Drilling Vessels

Mobile Drilling Vessels Wildcat well (dry hole) Appraisal well (at reservoir boundary) WELL TYPES Development wells
Mobile Drilling Vessels Wildcat well (dry hole) Appraisal well (at reservoir boundary) WELL TYPES Development wells

Wildcat well

(dry hole)

Appraisal well

(at reservoir

boundary)

WELL TYPES

Development wells

Production Platform Xmas tree Flowline Satellite well Original
Production Platform
Xmas
tree
Flowline
Satellite
well
Original

Exploration/D

iscovery well

Note

Development wells may be vertical wells or more complex extended reach or horizontal wells

Reservoir engineering is defined as the application of scientific principles to drainage issues arising during the development and production of oil and gas reservoirs.

The science explores the engineering operations involved in analysing the production behaviour of oil and gas wells, including well performance engineering, reservoir aspects of well erformance, restricted flow into the wellbore, rate decline analysis, and fundamentals of artificial lift.

decline analysis, and fundamenta ls of artificial lift. • Build reservoir architecture utilising G&G

Build reservoir architecture utilising G&G mapping

Populate model with reservoir properties utilising G&G integration

Evaluate production tests

Flow analysis Water drive, gas injection,water flood, etc.

Volumetrics

Reservoir simulation

Production history match

DEVELOPING THE DRILLING PLAN - Bottom Hole Targets

DEVELOPING THE DRILLING PL AN - Bottom Hole Targets BRITANNIA FIELD - North Sea

BRITANNIA FIELD - North Sea

XMAS TREE WHEN IN PRODUCTION MODE BLOWOUT PREVENTOR WHEN IN DRILLING MODE IN PRODUCTION MODE
XMAS TREE WHEN IN
PRODUCTION MODE
BLOWOUT PREVENTOR WHEN IN
DRILLING MODE
IN PRODUCTION MODE A 5½ “ PRODUCTION
TUBING IS HUNG FROM THE
WELLHEAD/TREE TO THE RESERVOIR. IT IS
PACKED OFF THERE. WHEN THE CASING IS
PERFORATED THE OIL FLOWS UP THE
PRODUCTION TUBING AND THROUGH THE
TREE
WELLHEAD
WELLHEAD FIXED TO TOP OF INNER
CONDUCTOR
SEA BED
120
m
OUTER CONDUCTOR
36” HOLE
30” CASING
200
m
26” HOLE
INNER CONDUCTOR
18 3 / 4 ” CASING
450
m
17 1 / 2 ” HOLE
SURFACE STRING
13 3 / 8 ” CASING
1300
m
INTERMEDIATE STRING
12 1 / 4 ” HOLE
95/8” CASING
2600
m
LINER
8 1 / 2 ” HOLE
3200
m
7” CASING

A TYPICAL NORTH SEA CASING DESIGN

RESERVOIR

JOINT OPERATORS - CONOCOPHILLIPS AND CHEVRONTEXACO
JOINT OPERATORS - CONOCOPHILLIPS AND CHEVRONTEXACO
JOINT OPERATORS -
CONOCOPHILLIPS AND
CHEVRONTEXACO
JOINT OPERATORS - CONOCOPHILLIPS AND CHEVRONTEXACO

OFFSHORE DRILLING RIGS

Station keeping normally using Dynamic Positioning JACK UP Thrusters Shallow water SEMI-SUBMERSIBLE DRILLI NG RIG
Station
keeping
normally
using
Dynamic
Positioning
JACK UP
Thrusters
Shallow water
SEMI-SUBMERSIBLE DRILLI NG RIG
Shallow and Deepwater. Station keeping
by Mooring Lines or Dynamic Positioning
Thrusters
DRILLSHIP

Normally Deepwater

Legs sit on seabed

SEDCO EXPRESS
SEDCO EXPRESS

SEDCO EXPRESS

SEDCO EXPRESS

DRILL SHIP

PRIDE AFRICA & ANGOLA - Working in Deepwater Angola

OFFSHORE DRILLING SYSTEM

OFFSHORE DRILLING SYSTEM

RUNNING WELLHEAD AND CEMENTING CASING

Casing lowered into funnel up capture on guidebase
Casing lowered into funnel
up capture on guidebase

RUNNING WELLHEAD AND CEMENTING CASING

Wellhead locked into housing
Wellhead locked into housing

Subsea Wellheads / Purposes

To support BOP and seal with well casing during drilling

To support and seal the subsea production tree

To support and seal the well casing

To support and seal the production tubing hanger

subsea production tree • To support and seal the well casing • To support and seal
subsea production tree • To support and seal the well casing • To support and seal

Subsea wellheads

Most widely size used : 18” 3/4 (Nom. Bore)

Other sizes: 13” 5/8 , 16” 3/4 (Brasil) and 21 ” 3/4

18” 3/4 x 15 Ksi now available

Deepwater wellheads designed for much higher bending and tension loads

Deepwater wellheads designed for much higher bending and tension loads Vetco H-4 mandrel profile Cameron hub

Vetco H-4 mandrel profile

Cameron hub profile

Bypass Area

Wellhead to casing hanger Metal Seal assembly

Passive Pre-loaded lockdown system

Metal Seal assembly Passive Pre-loaded lockdown system 18 ¾” HP wellhead housing Wellhead to casing hanger

18 ¾” HP wellhead housing

Wellhead to casing hanger Metal Seal assembly

7” casing hanger – For Glenelg the tubing hanger is at this elevation and replaces the 7” casing hanger

10

3/4” casing hanger

13

3/8” casing hanger

Wellhead to casing hanger Metal Seal assembly

High strength load shoulder

10

3/4” casing

13

3/8” casing

20” casing

30” conductor

A Annulus

B Annulus

C Annulus

casing 13 3/8” casing 20” casing 30” conductor A Annulus B Annulus C Annulus TYPICAL SUBSEA

TYPICAL SUBSEA WELLHEAD

• •

Wellhead Housing Joint

Provides a mechanical connection and sealing preparation for the BOP stack and tree.

Provides landing, locking, and sealing preparations for the subsequently run casing hangers

Permanent Guide Base

Mounted to the low pressure conductor housing. structure with guideposts for guiding equipment onto or into the wellhead, or it may be a guidelineless style with funnels.

with guideposts for guiding equipment onto or into the wellhead, or it may be a guidelineless
GUIDE BASE WITH 4 STANDARD GUIDE POSTS
GUIDE BASE WITH 4 STANDARD GUIDE POSTS

GUIDE BASE WITH 4 STANDARD GUIDE POSTS

SUBSEA WELLHEAD

SUBSEA WELLHEAD