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МОСКОВСКИЙ ГУМАНИТАРНО-ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИЙ ИНСТИТУТ

Тверской филиал

English in Pictures
Учебное пособие с иллюстрациями

Тверь 2008
2
А.А. Завьялов

English in Pictures. Учебное пособие по английскому языку с иллюстрациями.–


Тверь: ТФ МГЭИ, 2008. – 146 с.

Пособие рекомендовано к изданию научно-методическим советом


ТФ МГЭИ, протокол заседания №… от ……….

Учебное пособие адресовано студентам неязыковых специальностей


высших и средних специальных учебных заведений в качестве дополнительно-
го материала для пополнения словарного запаса с помощью наглядных иллю-
страций около тысячи английских слов и выражений.

Рецензенты: доктор филологических наук, профессор Н.А. Комина; кан-


дидат филологических наук, доцент А.А. Акопян, Тверской государственный
университет.
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Предисловие

Изучение иностранного языка как в учебных заведениях, так и самостоя-


тельно предполагает использование различных видов учебных материалов, сре-
ди которых важное место занимают иллюстрированные материалы. Опыт пока-
зывает, что повышение словарного запаса обучаемых с использованием таких
материалов значительно облегчается вследствие активного использования в хо-
де познавательной деятельности зрительной ассоциативной памяти.
Учебное пособие состоит из двух частей – основной части и приложения
(сборника иллюстраций). В основной части приведены около 90 иллюстраций
примерно тысячи английских слов и выражений. С учетом пояснений к иллю-
страциям изучение материалов пособия поможет овладеть словарным запасом,
составляющим более 1500 часто употребляемых слов и выражений.
Учебное пособие составлено на базе толковых английских электронных
словарей. Эквиваленты слов и выражений на русском языке выделены особым
шрифтом. В случае отсутствия примеров перевод дается непосредственно после
описания слова или выражения. При наличии американского варианта он дает-
ся после британского.
По замыслу составителя пособия сборник иллюстраций (приложение)
предназначен для проверки усвоения словарных единиц обучаемыми в ходе ау-
диторных занятий, когда обучаемым предлагается иллюстрация по определен-
ному разделу без подписей с заданием написать значения изображенных пред-
метов или действий на английском языке. При этом контролируется не только
знание лексического значения слов и выражений, но и правильность их написа-
ния, то есть орфография.

Условные обозначения и сокращения

adjective - прилагательное
adverb - наречие
noun [C] – исчисляемое существительное
noun [C or U] - существительное, которое может бить как исчисляемым, так и
неисчисляемым
noun [C usually singular] – обычно исчисляемое существительное
plural noun - существительное во множественном числе
verb [I] – непереходный глагол
verb [I or T] - глагол, который может быть как переходным, так и непереход-
ным
verb [T] – переходный глагол
UK - Соединенное Королевство (Великобритании)
US – Соединенные Штаты (Америки)
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СОДЕРЖАНИЕ

Предисловие…………………………… 3
Условные обозначения и сокращения ………………. 3
1. Animals …………………………… 7
2. Arm …………………………… 9
3. Back …………………………… 10
4. Bar …………………………… 11
5. Bed …………………………… 13
6. Bill …………………………… 14
7. Birds …………………………… 15
8. Blade …………………………… 17
9. Body …………………………… 18
10. Bolt …………………………… 21
11. Bow …………………………… 22
12. Box …………………………… 23
13. Bridge …………………………… 24
14. Car exterior …………………………… 25
15. Car interior …………………………… 27
16. Cars and trucks 1 …………………………… 29
17. Cars and trucks 2 …………………………… 31
18. Clothes 1 …………………………… 33
19. Clothes 2 …………………………… 34
20. Clothes 3 …………………………… 36
21. Clothes 4 …………………………… 38
22. Club …………………………… 40
23. Columns …………………………… 41
24. Comb …………………………… 42
25. Cone …………………………… 43
26. Diamond ……………………………. 44
27. Drum …………………………… 45
28. File …………………………… 46
29. Filter …………………………… 47
30. Flowers 1 …………………………… 48
31. Flowers 2 …………………………… 50
32. Foot …………………………… 52
33. Fork …………………………… 53
34. Frame …………………………… 54
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35. Fruit 1 …………………………… 56
36. Fruit 2 …………………………… 58
37. Hair ……………………………. 60
38. Hand 1 …………………………… 62
39. Hand 2 …………………………… 63
40. Hats …………………………… 64
41. Head ……………………………. 66
42. Heart …………………………… 68
43. Hook …………………………… 69
44. In the kitchen …………………………… 70
45. In the office ……………………………… 72
46. Jack …………………………… 74
47. Key ……………………………… 75
48. Leaf …………………………… 76
49. Kitchen equipment …………………………… 77
50. Line …………………………… 80
51. Mark …………………………… 82
52. Match …………………………… 84
53. Mill …………………………… 85
54. Mouse …………………………… 86
55. Mouth …………………………… 87
56. Muzzle …………………………… 88
57. Nail …………………………… 89
58. Neck …………………………… 90
59. Net …………………………… 91
60. Nose …………………………… 92
61. Pad …………………………… 93
62. Office equipment …………………………… 94
63. Peg …………………………… 99
64. Phrasal verbs 1 …………………………… 100
65. Phrasal verbs 2 …………………………… 102
66. Pick …………………………… 104
67. Pipe …………………………… 105
68. Planes …………………………… 106
69. Plug …………………………… 108
70. Rack …………………………… 110
71. Rail …………………………… 111
72. Ring …………………………… 113
73. Scales …………………………… 114
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74. Sharp …………………………… 115
75. Ships and boats …………………………… 116
76. Skate …………………………… 118
77. Skeleton …………………………… 119
78. Spine …………………………… 120
79. Sports 1 …………………………… 121
80. Sports 2 …………………………… 123
81. Sports 3 …………………………… 125
82. Sports 4 …………………………… 127
83. Stick …………………………… 128
84. Trunk …………………………… 129
85. Vegetables 1 …………………………… 131
86. Vegetables 2 …………………………… 134
87. Wing …………………………… 136
Алфавитный указатель …………………………… 138
7
1. Animals
animal (CREATURE) /ˈænɪməl/ noun [C] - something that lives and moves but is
not a human, bird, fish or insect wild/domestic animals
Both children are real animal lovers. Оба ребенка – настоящие любители жи-
вотных.
Surveys show that animal welfare has recently become a major concern for
many schoolchildren. Обзоры показывают, что состояние животных в по-
следнее время стало главной заботой многих школьников.
animal-rights activists – активисты защиты прав животных

2. hippopotamus

1. camal
3. elephant

5. monkey
4. mane

6. crocodile

7. giraffe

9. gorilla 11. rhinoceros


10. tiger

8. buffalo
1. camel (ANIMAL) /ˈkæməl/ noun [C] - a large animal with a long neck, that lives
in the desert and has one or two humps (= large raised area of flesh) on its
back
верблюд
8
2. hippopotamus /hɪpəˈpɒtəməs/ noun (plural hippopotamuses or hippopotami)
[C] (informal hippo) - a very large animal with short legs and thick, dark
grey skin which lives near water in Africa
гиппопотам
3. elephant /ˈelɪfənt/ noun [C] - a very large grey mammal which has a trunk (=
long nose) with which it can pick things up
слон
4. mane /meɪn/ noun [C] - the long thick hair that grows along the top of a horse's
neck or around the face and neck of a lion
грива
5. monkey (ANIMAL) /ˈmʌŋki/ noun [C] - an animal that lives in hot countries,
has a long tail and climbs trees. Monkeys are primates (= the group of ani-
mals which are most like humans).
обезьяна
6. crocodile /ˈkrɒkədaɪl/ noun (INFORMAL croc) - a large hard-skinned reptile
that lives in and near rivers and lakes in the hot wet parts of the world. It is
like an alligator, but it usually has a longer and narrower nose
крокодил
a crocodile-infested swamp – болото, населенное крокодилами
7. giraffe /dʒɪˈrɑːf/ noun [C] (plural giraffes or giraffe) - a large African animal
with a very long neck and long legs
жираф
8. buffalo /ˈbʌf.ələʊ/ noun [C] (plural buffaloes or buffalo) - a large animal of the
cattle family, with long curved horns
буйвол
9. gorilla /gəˈrɪl.ə/ noun [C] - a large ape that comes from western Africa
горилла
10. tiger /ˈtaɪgə/ noun [C] (female also tigress) - a large wild animal of the cat fam-
ily with yellowish orange fur with black lines which lives in parts of Asia
тигр
11. rhinoceros /raɪˈnɒsərəs/ noun [C] (plural rhinoceros or rhinoceroses) (IN-
FORMAL rhino) - a very large thick-skinned animal from Africa or Asia,
which has one or two horns on its nose
носорог
a population of black/white rhinoceros – популяция черных/белых носорогов
9
2. Arm

1. arm/sleeve
of a jacket

2. a person’s arm

4. arms

3. the arm of a chair

1, 3. arm (BODY PART) /ɑ:m/ noun [C] - the arm of a piece of clothing or furni-
ture is a part of it that you put your arm in or on
рукав/подлокотник
the arm of a jacket – рукав пиджака/куртки
the arm of a chair – подлокотник кресла
2. arm (BODY PART) noun [C] - either of the two long parts of the upper body
which are fixed to the shoulders and have the hands at the end
рука
My arms ache from carrying this bag. У меня болят руки от ношения этой
сумки.
She put/threw her arms round me, and gave me a hug. Она положила на ме-
ня руки и обняла.
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He took/held her in his arms (= held her closely). Он крепко держал ее в ру-
ках.
Bill arrived at the party with his new girlfriend on his arm (= her hand resting
on his arm). Бил приехал на вечеринку со своей новой девушкой, рука которой
лежала на его руке.
4. arms /ɑːmz/ plural noun - weapons and equipment used to kill and injure
People
оружие
They have been charged with supplying arms to the guerillas. Их обвинили в
поставке оружия партизанам.
An arms cache was discovered in South Wales. Тайник с оружием был обна-
ружен в Южном Уэльсе.
The minister has called on the terrorists to lay down their arms (= stop fight-
ing). Министр призвал террористов сложить оружие (= прекратить борьбу).
They are willing to take up arms (= prepare to fight) (against the government)
if they have to. Они готовы взяться за оружие (= готовиться к борьбе), если
будет необходимо.
3. Back
1. shoulder blade

3. small of your back


2. spine

4. buttock
11
1. shoulder blade /ˈʃəʊldər ˈbleɪd/ noun [C] (specialized scapula) - a large flat
triangular bone on each side of your back below your shoulder, which helps to
increase the range of movement of your arm
лопатка (часть тела)
2. spine (BONE) /spaɪn/ noun [C] - the line of bones down the centre of the back
that provides support for the body and protects the spinal cord
позвоночник
She injured her spine in a riding accident. Она повредила позвоночник в ре-
зультате несчастного случая при езде верхом.
3. small /smɔːl/ of your back noun - the small the middle of the lower back
поясница
I have a pain in the small of my back. У меня боль в пояснице.
4. buttock /ˈbʌtək/ noun [C usually plural] - either side of a person's bottom
зад, ягодицы

4. Bar
1. (UK) bar / (US) measure
2. (UK) bar

4. barre
5. bar code
3. metal bar

6. сross bar 7. coffee bar

9. bar of soap

10. bar of chocolate

8. bar 11. stripes/(US)


12

1. bar (MUSIC) /bɑːr/ (US also measure) - one of the small equal parts into
which a piece of music is divided, containing a fixed number of beats
такт
Waltzes have three beats in/to the bar. В вальсе три удара в такте.
2. bar (PIECE OF MATERIAL) - The bar of an electric heater is a long thin wire in
the shape of a spring which is wrapped tightly around a tube. When electricity
passes through it, it produces heat and red light.
спираль
3. metal bar (PIECE OF MATERIAL) /ˈmetəl ˈbɑːr/ - a straight stick made of
metal
металлический прут/стержень
4. barre /bɑːr/ - a horizontal bar fixed at a convenient height for dancers to hold on
to, in order to help them balance while exercising
поручень
5. bar code /ˈbɑːr ˈkəʊd/ - a small rectangular pattern of thick and thin black lines
of magnetic ink printed on an item, or on its container, etc. so that its details
can be read by and recorded on a computer system
штрих-код
A hand-held scanner is used to read bar codes. Ручной сканер используется
для чтения штрих-кодов.
6. crossbar /ˈkrɒsbɑːr/ noun [C] - a horizontal bar, either the part that forms the
top of a goal, or the part of a bicycle between the seat and the handlebars
перекладина/поперечина
7. coffee bar - /ˈkɒfɪ ˈbɑːr/ - a place, often with a counter (= a long, flat narrow
surface) in a restaurant, hotel, or other public place where you can get hot
drinks and cakes
кофейный бар
8. bar (DRINKING PLACE) noun [C] - a place where especially alcoholic drinks
are sold and drunk, or the area in such a place where the person serving the
drinks stands
бар
They noticed him going into the hotel bar. Они заметили, как он входил в бар
гостиницы.
There weren't any free tables, so I sat at the bar. Свободных столиков не бы-
ло, поэтому я сел у стойки бара.
Why don't you ask the guy behind the bar (= serving drinks there)? Почему
ты не спросишь/попросишь у молодого человека за стойкой?
9. bar of soap (PIECE OF MATERIAL) /ˈbɑːr əv ˈsəʊp/ noun [C] - a substance
that has been made into a solid, rectangular shape
кусок мыла
a chocolate bar – плитка шоколада
13
10. bar of chocolate (PIECE OF MATERIAL) /ˈbɑːr əv ˈtʃɒklət/ - a substance
плитка шоколада
bar of soap – кусок мыла
11. stripe (MATERIAL) /straɪp/ noun [C] (US also bar) - a strip of material that is
sewn onto the arm of a military uniform to show the rank of the person wear-
ing it
нашивка
By the age of 25 he'd already got his third stripe and become a sergeant. К
двадцати пяти годам он уже получил третью нашивку и стал сержантом.

5. Bed

1. double bed
2. seabed

3. bed of rice

5. single bed

4. bed

6. four poster 7. bunk bed

1. double bed /ˈdʌbl ˈbed/ - a bed big enough for two people to sleep
14
двуспальная кровать
2. seabed /ˈsɪ:bed/ - the solid surface of the Earth which lies under the sea
морское дно
The ship has been lying on the seabed for more than 50 years. Судно ле-
жит/пролежало на дне моря более пятидесяти лет.
3. bed (bottom) of rice /raɪs/ - a bed of something a pile of one type of food on
which other food is arranged as a meal
слой риса
roasted vegetables on a bed of rice – запеченные овощи на слое риса
4. bed (AREA OF GROUND) /bed/ - a piece of ground used for planting in a gar-
den
They've got some beautiful flower beds in their garden. У них в саду красивые
клумбы.
5. single bed /ˈsɪŋl ˈbed/ - a bed for one person
одноместная кровать
6. four poster (bed) /ˈfɔ: ˈpəʊstə ˈbed/ - a large old-fashioned bed with tall posts
at each corner which support a frame from which curtains hang
кровать с занавесками
7. bunk bed /ˈbʌŋk ˈbed/ - one of two beds fixed together, one on top of the other
ярусная кровать
The twins sleep in bunk beds. Близнецы спят на двухъярусной кровати.
Can I sleep in the top bunk? Можно я буду спать на верхнем ярусе/кровати.

6. Bill

1. bill of a duck

2. one hundred dollar bill

3. an electricity bill
15
1. bill of a duck - the beak of a bird
клюв птицы
2. one hundred dollar bill - (MONEY) mainly US /bɪl/ (UK usually note) - a
piece of paper money
банкнота/счет
a dollar/one-dollar bill – однодолларовая купюра/банкнота
a ten-dollar bill – десятидолларовая купюра/банкнота
3. an electricity bill (REQUEST FOR PAYMENT) - a request for payment of
money owed, or the piece of paper on which it is written
an electricity/gas/phone bill – счет за электричество/газ/телефон
They sent us a bill for the work they had done. Они прислали нам счет за вы-
полненную ими работу.
She ran up (= caused herself to have) a huge phone bill talking to her boy-
friend for hours. У нее накопился очень большой счет за телефон из-за дли-
тельных разговоров со своим другом.
They asked the waitress for the bill. Они попросили у официантки счет.
Could we have the bill, please? Можно нам получить счет?
Her mother agreed to foot (= pay) the bill. Ее мать согласилась оплатить
счет.
7. Birds

3. sparrow

4. swallow

2. blackbird

1. robin

6. pigeon
5. gull
7. owl
8. eagle

11. duck
9. hen 10. peacock
16
1. robin /ˈrɒbɪn/ noun [C] (LITERARY robin redbreast) - a small brown Euro-
pean bird with a red front, or a similar but slightly larger brown bird of North Amer-
ica
снегирь
Robins mostly appear in the winter and are commonly pictured on Christmas
cards. Снегири в основном появляются зимой и обычно изображаются на ро-
ждественских открытках.
2. blackbird /ˈblækbɜːd/ noun [C] - a European bird with black feathers and a
bright yellow beak in the male and brown feathers in the female
черный дрозд
3. sparrow /ˈspærəʊ/ noun [C] - a small grey-brown bird which is especially com-
mon in towns
воробей
4. swallow (BIRD) /ˈswɒləʊ/ noun [C] - a small bird with pointed wings and a tail
with two points, which flies quickly and catches insects to eat as it flies
ласточка
5. gull /gʌl/ noun [C] (also seagull) - a sea bird with black and white or grey and
white feathers
чайка
6. pigeon /ˈpɪdʒən/ noun [C or U] - a large usually grey bird, which is often seen in
towns sitting on buildings in large groups, and is sometimes eaten as food
голубь
7. owl /aʊl/ noun [C] - a bird with a flat face, large eyes, and strong curved nails,
which hunts small mammals at night
сова
8. eagle /ɪ:gl ̩/ noun [C] - a large strong bird with a curved beak which eats meat
and can see very well
орел
9. hen noun [C] - an adult female chicken which is often kept for its eggs, or the fe-
male of any bird
курица
10. peacock /ˈpɪ:kɒk/ noun [C] - a large bird, the male of which has very long tail
feathers which it can spread out to show bright colours and eye-like patterns
павлин
11. duck (BIRD) /dʌk/ noun [C] - a bird that lives by water, has webbed feet
(= feet with skin between the toes), a short neck and a large beak
утка
17
8. Blade

3. blade of grass

1, blade of grass

4. a blade of a knife

2. a razor blade

5. blade of an ice skate

6. a sword blade

7. blade of a propeller

8. a blade of a paddle wheel

1, 3, 5. blade /bleɪd/ - used in the names of other objects which are flat, thin and
sometimes long, like a blade
a shoulder blade – лопатка (на часть тела)
a blade of grass – стебель травы
2, 4, 6. blade - the flat part on a knife or similar tool or weapon, with a very thin
edge used for cutting
лезвие
a sword with a steel blade – меч со стальным клинком
a packet of razor blades – упаковка бритвенных лезвий
7. blade - a wide flat part on a tool or machine, used to push back water or air
a propeller blade – лопасть пропеллера
18
windscreen wiper blades – щетки стеклоочистителя
8. paddle /pædl/ - a blade on a paddle wheel
весло

9. Body

1. head 2. neck

3. shoulder
4. chest
5. stomach 6. elbow
7. forearm
8. hand

9. thigh 11. calf

10. knee

13. foot
12. shin

1. head (BODY PART) /hed/ noun [C] - the part of the body above the neck that
contains the eyes, nose, mouth and ears and the brain
голова
Put this hat on to keep your head warm. Надень эту шапку, чтобы голове
было тепло.
2. neck (BODY PART) /nek/ noun [C] - the part of the body which joins the head to
the shoulders
шея
He had the thickest neck I'd ever seen. У него была самая толстая шея, ка-
кую мне приходилось видить.
She wore a gold chain around her neck. У нее на шее была золотая цепоч-
ка./На шее она носила золотую цепочку.
3. shoulder (BODY PART) /ˈʃəʊldə/ noun [C] - one of the two parts of the body at
each side of the neck which join the arms to the rest of the body
плечо
19
I rested my head on her shoulder. Я положил голову на ее плечо.
Then she put her arm round my shoulder and gave me a kiss. Потом она по-
ложила руку на мое плечо и поцеловала меня.
She glanced nervously over her shoulder to make sure no one else was lis-
tening. Она нервно оглянулась через плечо, чтобы убедиться, что никто боль-
ше не слушал.
4. chest (BODY PART) /tʃest/ noun [C] - the upper front part of the body of hu-
mans and some animals, between the stomach and the neck, enclosing the
heart and lungs
грудь
He was shot in the chest at point blank range. Он был застрелен в грудь с
очень близкого расстояния.
He folded his arms across his chest. Он сложил руки на груди.
His shirt was open to the waist revealing a very hairy chest. Его рубашка бы-
ла открыта до пояса, открывая очень волосатую грудь.
She went to the doctor complaining of c bar of soap hest pains. Она обрати-
лась к врачу с жалобой на боль в г bar of soap руди.
5. stomach /ˈstʌmək/ noun [C] (plural stomachs) noun [C] (plural stomachs) - an
organ in the body where food is digested, or the soft front part of your body
just below the chest
живот/желудок
He was punched in the stomach. Его ударили/Он получил удар в живот.
The doctor asked him to lie down on his stomach. Врач попросил его лечь на
живот.
The sight of blood always churns/turns my stomach (= makes me feel as if I
am going to vomit). Вид крови всегда выворачивает мне желудок (= заставля-
ет чувствовать себя так, что меня вот-вот стошнит).
She's got a very delicate stomach and doesn't eat spicy food. У нее очень
нежный желудок, и она не есть острой пищи.
6. elbow /ˈelbəʊ/ noun [C] - the part in the middle of the arm where it bends, or the
part of a piece of clothing which covers this area
локоть
Her arm was bandaged from the elbow to the fingers. Ее рука была забинто-
вана от локтя до пальцев.
The sleeve of his shirt was torn at the elbow. Рукав его рубашки была разо-
рвана на локте.
7. forearm /ˈfɔː.rɑːm/ noun [C] - the lower part of the arm, between the wrist and
the elbow (= the middle of the arm where it bends)
предплечье
8. hand (BODY PART) /hænd/ noun [C] - the part of the body at the end of the
arm which is used for holding, moving, touching and feeling things
зука (кисть)
All their toys are made by hand. Все их игрушки изготовлены вручную.
20
I delivered her invitation by hand (= not using the postal service). Я доставил ее
приглашение лично (= не прибегая к помощи почты).
informal Get your hands off (= Stop touching) my bike! РАЗГОВОРНАЯ ФОР-
МА Убери руки (= Прекрати трогать) от моего велосипеда!
He can mend anything - he's so good with his hands. Он может ремонтиро-
вать все – у него такие хорошие руки.
You have to hold my hand when we cross the road. Тебе нужно держать
мою руку, когда мы переходим улицу.
They walked by, holding hands. Они шли, держась за руки.
Hold your fork in your left hand and your knife in your right hand. Держите
вилку в левой руке, а нож – в правой.
She took me by the hand and led me into the cave. Она взяла меня за руку и
повела в пещеру.
a hand towel – ручное полотенце
9. thigh /θaɪ/ noun [C] - the part of a person's leg above the knee
бедро
10. knee /nɪ:/ noun [C] - the middle joint of the leg, which allows it to bend
колено
The baby was crawling around on its hands and knees. Ребенок ползал во-
круг на четвереньках.
He got/went down on his knees (= got into a position where his knees were
on the ground) in front of the altar. Он опустился на колени (= принял положе-
ние, когда его колени были на земле) перед алтарем.
She took the child and sat it on her knee (= on the part of the leg above the
knee when sitting down). Она взяла ребенка и посадила его на колени (= на
часть ноги выше колена в сидячем положении).
11. calf (LEG) /kɑːf / noun [C] (plural calves) - the thick curved part at the back of
the human leg between the knee and the foot
икра (часть тела)
She's been unable to play since January because of a torn calf. Она не мо-
жет играть с января месяца, так как у нее разорвана икра.
12. shin (BODY PART) /ʃɪn/ noun [C] - the front part of your leg between your
knee and your foot
голень
She's got a nasty bruise on her shin. У нее на голени ужасный синяк.
13. foot (BODY PART) /fʊt/ noun [C] (plural feet) - the part of the body at the bot-
tom of the leg on which a person or animal stands
нога (ступня)
I've got a blister on my left foot. У меня на левой ноге мозоль.
I've been on my feet (= standing) all day and I'm exhausted. Я на ногах (=
стою) весь день, поэтому устал.
He got to/rose to/jumped to his feet (= stood up) when she walked in. Он под-
нялся/встал/вскочил (= встал), когда она вошла.
21
Please wipe your feet (= clean the bottom of your shoes) before you come
into the house. Пожалуйста, вытирайте ноги (= очищайте подошвы боти-
нок), прежде чем входить в дом.

10. Bolt

1. bolt from a cross bow

2. bolt

3. metal bolt on a lock

1. bolt (WEAPON) /bəʊlt/ noun [C] - a type of short arrow (= a thin stick-like
weapon with a point at one end) shot from a crossbow (= a type of weapon)
арбалетная стрела
2. bolt (SCREW) noun [C] - a screw-like metal object without a point which is used
with a nut to fasten things together
болт
3. bolt (LOCK) noun [C] - a metal bar on a door or window that slides across to lock
it closed
22
затвор/задвижка/засов
I closed the window and drew the bolt (= slid the bolt across). Я закрыл окно и
задвинул задвижку.

11. Bow

1. bow on a shoe
2. bow and arrow

3. bow of a ship

4. bow for violin

5. He bowed to the queen.

1. bow (KNOT) /bəʊ/ noun [C] - a knot with two curved parts and two loose ends
which is used as a decoration or to tie shoes
узел
I tied the ribbon around the parcel in a pretty bow. Я завязал ленту красивым
узлом вокруг посылки/пакета.
2. bow (WEAPON) noun [C] - a weapon for shooting arrows, made of a long thin
piece of wood bent into a curve by a tightly stretched string
лук (оружие)
23
bow and arrows - лук и стрелы
3. bow (FRONT PART) noun [C] (also bows) - the front part of a ship
нос корабля
4. bow (MUSIC) noun [C] - a long thin piece of wood with hair from the tail of a
horse stretched along it, which is used to play musical instruments that have
strings
смычок
Violins are played with bows. На скрипках играют смычками.
5. bow (BEND) /baʊ/ verb [I or T] - to bend your head or body forward, especially
as a way of showing someone respect or expressing thanks to people who
have watched you perform
поклониться/кланяться

12. Box

2. box

1. signal box

3. a cardboard box

4. boxing

5. penalty box/penalty area

6. phone box

1. signal box UK noun [C] (US signal tower) - a building from which railway
signals are operated
сигнальная будка
2. box (CONTAINER) noun [C] - a small area with seats which is separate from the
other seats in a theatre or at the side of a sports field
театральная ложа
24
Can you see Prince Charles in the royal box? Ты видишь принца Чарльза в
королевской ложе?
3. box (CONTAINER) noun [C] - a square or rectangular container with stiff sides
and sometimes a lid
коробка/ящик
a cardboard box - картонная коробка
a cigar box- коробка сигар
a matchbox - коробка спичек
4. boxing /ˈbɒksɪŋ/ noun [U] - a sport in which two competitors fight by hitting
each other with their hands
бокс (вид спорта)
Many doctors believe that boxing is too dangerous and should be banned.
Многие врачи считают, что бокс слишком опасен и должен быть запрещен.
He's a former world heavyweight boxing champion. Он – бывший чемпион по
боксу в тяжелом весе.
5. penalty area noun [C usually singular] (also penalty box) in football, the area
marked with white lines in front of the goal
штрафная зона
6. phone box UK noun [C] (US phone booth) - a small structure with a door,
found outside in public places, containing a public telephone
телефонная будка

13. Bridge

1. the bridge of your nose


2. a bridge

3. the bridge of a pair of glasses


4. the bridge of a violin
25
1, 3. bridge (NOSE) /brɪdʒ/ noun [C usually singular] - the top part of the nose,
between the eyes, or (on a pair of glasses) the piece that is supported by the
top part of the nose
переносица
The blow caught him right on the bridge of his nose. Удар пришелся ему пря-
мо в переносицу.
2. bridge (LARGE STRUCTURE) noun [C] - a structure that is built over a river,
road or railway to allow people and vehicles to cross from one side to the
other
мост
We drove across/over the bridge. Мы переехали через мост.
The Brooklyn Bridge spans the East River from Brooklyn to Manhattan. Брук-
линский мост соединяет берега реки Ист ривер между Бруклином и Манхет-
теном.
4. bridge (MUSICAL INSTRUMENT) noun [C] - a small piece of wood over
which the strings are stretched on a musical instrument such as a guitar or vio-
lin
перемычка
14. Car exterior
1. sunroof 2. (UK) windscreen/
(US) windshield

3. bonnet/hood
4. headlight/
headlamp

5. (UK) wing/
(UD) fender
9. (UK) tyre/ (US) tire 6. number/
8. wing/side mirror license plate
7. hubcap
10. (UK) aerial/
(US) antenna

11. (UK) boot/


(US) trunk

12. handle 13. (UK) rear light / 14. bumper


(US) tail light
26
1. sunroof /ˈsʌnru:f/ noun [C] - part of a roof of a car which can be opened to al-
low air and light from the sun to come in
люк (на крыше автомобиля)
2. windscreen /ˈwɪndskrɪ:n/ noun [C] UK (US windshield) - the window at the
front of a car, truck etc.
лобовое стекло
3. bonnet (METAL COVER) UK /ˈbɒnɪt/ noun [C] (US hood) - the metal cover
over the part of a car where the engine is
I looked under the bonnet and clouds of smoke poured out. Я заглянул под
капот, и наружу повалили клубы дыма.
4. headlight /ˈhedlaɪt/ noun [C usually plural] (UK also headlamp) - a large
powerful light at the front of a vehicle, usually one of two
фара/фонарь
5. wing (PART OF CAR) UK /wɪŋ/ noun [C] (US fender) - one of the four parts
at the side of a car which go over the wheels
крыло
There's a dent in the left wing. На левом крыле есть вмятина.
6. number plate UK noun [C] (US license plate) - the sign on the front and back
of a road vehicle that shows its registration number
номерной знак
7. hubcap /ˈhʌbkæp/ noun [C] - the circular metal covering over the hub (= central
part) of the wheel of a car or other motor vehicle
колпак/крышка, закрывающая центральную часть колеса
8. wing mirror UK noun [C] (US side mirror) - a mirror on the outside of a car
door which allows the driver to see the vehicles that are behind or overtaking
боковое зеркало
Look in your wing mirror. Посмотри в левое боковое зеркало.
9. tyre UK, US tire /taɪə/ noun [C] a thick rubber ring, often filled with air, which
is fitted around the outer edge of the wheel of a vehicle, allowing the vehicle
to stick to the road surface and to travel over the ground more easily
шина/покрышка
I've got a flat tyre (= the air has gone out of it). У меня спустила покрыш-
ка/шина (= из не вышел воздух).
10. aerial (RADIO) /ˈeəriəl/ noun [C] (US also antenna) - a structure made of
metal rods or wires which receives or sends out radio or television signals
антенна
11. boot (CAR) UK /bu:t/ noun [C] (US trunk) a covered space at the back of a
car, for storing things in
багажник
12. handle (PART) /hændl̩/ noun [C] - a part of an object designed for holding,
moving or carrying the object easily
ручка
27
a door handle – дверная ручка
the handle on a suitcase - ручка чемодана
I can't pick the kettle up - the handle's too hot. Я не могу поднять чайник –
ручка горячая.
13. rear light UK /ˈriə ˈlaɪt/ noun [C] (US tail light) - a red light at the back of a
road vehicle that enables the vehicle to be seen in the dark
задний фара/фонарь
14. bumper (CAR PART) /ˈbʌmpə/ noun [C] - a horizontal bar along the lower
front and lower back part of a motor vehicle to help protect it if there is an ac-
cident
бампер

15. Car interior

1. rear view mirror 2. sun visor 4. steering wheel 5. horn

6. headrest

3. dashboard

7. glove compartment 8. gear lever 10. driver’s seat


9. handbrake/emergency brake

1. rear view mirror noun [C] - a mirror which allows a driver to see what is hap-
pening behind their car
зеркало заднего вида
2. sun visor noun [C] - a flat piece at the top of the front window of a vehicle which
protects the driver's eyes from strong sun
защитный щиток
28
3. dashboard /ˈdæʃbɔːd/ noun [C] (mainly US dash, UK old-fashioned fascia) -
the part of a car which contains some of the controls used for driving and the
devices for measuring speed and distance
приборная доска/приборная панель/«торпеда»
4. steering wheel noun [C] - a wheel in a vehicle which the driver turns in order to
make the vehicle go in a particular direction
рулевое колесо
5. horn (VEHICLE) /hɔːn/ noun [C] - a device on a vehicle that is used to make a
loud noise as a warning or signal to other people
звуковой сигнал
The driver blew/sounded/INFORMAL honked her horn. Водитель машины по-
дала звуковой сигнал.
6. headrest noun [C] - the part of a chair that supports the head, especially a sup-
port fixed to the back of the seat of a car
подголовник
7. glove compartment noun [C] (also glove box) - a small cupboard or shelf in
the front of a car, used for storing small items
вещевой отсек
8. gear lever noun [C] (also gear stick) UK - a metal rod that you use to change
gear in a car or other vehicle
рычаг переключения передач
9. handbrake (US also parking brake) - a device operated by hand which locks
into position and prevents a vehicle from moving
ручной/стояночный тормоз
You're supposed to put the handbrake on whenever you stop. Вы должны ставить
автомобиль на ручной тормоз при любой остановке.
10. seat (FURNITURE) /si:t/ noun [C] - an item of furniture or part of a train, plane
etc that has been designed for someone to sit on
сиденье
Please have/take a seat (= sit down). Пожалуйста, присаживайтесь (= са-
дитесь).
A car usually has a driver's seat, a front/ passenger seat and back/rear
seats. В автомобиле обычно есть сиденье водителя, переднее/пассажирское
сиденье и задние сиденья.
Could I book/reserve two seats (= arrange for a seat to be officially kept for
me) for tomorrow evening's performance? Могу я заказать/забронировать два
места (= организовать так, чтобы место официально держали для меня) на
завтра на вечернее представление?
29
16. Cars and trucks 1

1. estate car/station wagon 2. buggy 3. police car

4. hotrod 5. limousine 6. caravan

9. racing car
8. motorcycle
7. Jeep

12. pick-up truck

10. saloon 11. van


13. hearse

14. SUV 15. convertible 16. sports car


1. estate car (UK) /ɪs'teɪt ˈkɑ:/ noun [C] (US station wagon) - a car with a lot of
space behind the back seat and an extra door at the back for loading large items
автомобиль-универсал
2. buggy (CAR) /ˈbʌgɪ/ noun [C] - a small car, usually with no roof, which is de-
signed for driving on rough ground
легкий экипаж (одно- или двухместный)
3. police car noun [C] - an official car used by the police
полицейский автомобиль
4. hotrod /ˈhɒtrɒd/ noun [C] OLD-FASIONED SLANG - a car which is specially
built or changed so that it will go very fast
автомобиль с форсированным мотором; переделанный, усовершенствованный
автомобиль (обычно для участия в гонках)
30
5. limousine /lɪməˈzɪ:n/ noun [C] (informal limo) - a large luxurious car, often
driven by a chauffeur (= a person employed to drive a car for someone else)
лимузин
6. caravan (VEHICLE) noun [C] UK (US trailer) - a wheeled vehicle for living or
travelling in, especially for holidays, which contains beds and cooking
equipment and can be pulled by a car
жилой автоприцеп
7. Jeep /dʒip/ noun [C] TRADEMARK - a small strong vehicle used for travelling
over rough ground, especially by the army
Джип
8. motorcycle /ˈməʊtəsaɪkl ̩/ noun [C] (also motorbike) - a vehicle with two
wheels and an engine
мотоцикл
9. racing car noun [C] - a low car with a powerful engine and wide wheels which is
designed for use in races
Гоночный автомобиль
10. saloon (CAR) UK /ˈsəlun/ noun [C] (US sedan) - a car with seats for four or
five people, two or four doors, and a separate section at the back for bags,
boxes and cases
седан
11. van (VEHICLE) noun [C] - a medium-sized road vehicle used especially for car-
rying goods and which often has no windows in the sides of the back half
фургон
12. pick-up truck noun [C] - a small vehicle with an open part at the back in which
goods can be carried
13. hearse /hɜːs/ noun [C] - a vehicle used to carry a body in a coffin to a funeral
катафалк
14. SUV noun [C] mainly US - written abbreviation for sports utility vehicle: a large
car with an engine that supplies power to all four wheels, but that is usually
used for ordinary driving
внедорожник
15. convertible /kənˈvɜː.tɪbl ̩/ noun [C] (also soft top) - a car with a soft roof
which can be folded back
автомобиль с откидным верхом
16. sports car noun [C] - a fast low car, often for two people only
спортивный автомобиль
31
17. Cars and trucks 2

2. tanker

3. (UK) dustcart/(US) garbage

1. fire engine

5. truck 6. articulated
4. tow truck/ breakdown truck

7. dumper truck

10. fork-lift

8. (UK) coach/(US)bus
9. motorhome.

11. tractor 12. school bus 13. bus

1. fire engine noun [C] (US also fire truck) - a large vehicle that carries firefight-
ers and their equipment to a fire
пожарный автомобиль
2. tanker /ˈtæŋkə/ noun [C] - a ship or vehicle which is built to carry liquid or gas
an oil tanker – нефтеналивной автомобиль/бензовоз
3. dustcart UK /ˈdʌstkɑːt/ noun [C] (US garbage truck) - a large vehicle that is
driven from one house to another to collect rubbish from the dustbins outside
мцсоровоз
4. tow truck noun /ˈtəʊ ˈtrʌk/ [C] (UK also breakdown truck) - a truck with spe-
cial equipment for pulling a vehicle that is not working to a place where it can
be repaired
32
тягач
5. truck (VEHICLE) /trʌk/ noun [C] (UK also lorry) - a large road vehicle which
is used for transporting large amounts of goods
The road was completely blocked by an overturned truck. Дорога была полно-
стью перекрыта перевернувшимся большегрузным автомобилем.
a truck driver – водитель грузовика
6. articulated /ɑːˈtɪkjʊleɪtɪd/ adjective - describes a vehicle that consists of two or
more parts which bend where they are joined, in order to help the vehicle turn
corners
an articulated vehicle - полуприцеп
UK An articulated lorry has overturned on the south-bound carriageway,
shedding its load. Полуприцеп перевернулся на шоссе, двигаясь в южном на-
правлении, и рассыпал свой груз.
7. dumper truck UK /ˈdʌmpə ˈtrʌk/ noun [C] (US dump truck, Australian Eng-
lish tip truck) - a large truck for transporting heavy loads, with a back part
which can be raised at one end so that its contents fall out
самосвал
8. coach (VEHICLE) /kəʊtʃ/ noun [C] (US usually bus) - a long motor vehicle
with comfortable seats, used to take groups of people on journeys
We're going to the airport by coach. Мы поедем/едем в аэропорт на междуго-
родном автобусе.
a coach trip - путешествие на автобусе
9. motorhome, motor home /ˈməʊtə ˈhəʊm/ noun [C] - a large motor vehicle
that is designed to be lived in while travelling. It contains cooking equipment,
one or more beds, and sometimes a toilet.
автомобиль с жилым кузовом
10. fork-lift (truck) /ˈfɔːklɪft ˈtrʌk/ noun [C] - a small vehicle which has two strong
bars of metal fixed to the front used for lifting piles of goods
вилочный погрузчик
11. tractor /ˈtræktər/ noun [C] - a motor vehicle with large back wheels and thick
tyres, which is used on farms for pulling machinery
трактор
12. school bus noun [C] - a bus for taking children to and from school
школьный автобус
13. bus /bʌs/ noun [C] (plural buses or US ALSO busses) - a large vehicle in which
people are driven from one place to another
You should take the bus/go by bus (= travel by bus) if you want to see the
sights. Если хотите смотреть на достопримечательности, вам следует по-
ехать на автобусе.
33
18. Clothes 1

2. jacket (part of a suit)

1. jeans 3. chinos

4. cardigan

7. sweatshirt

5. shorts 8. bow tie


6. trousers (part of a suit)

1. jeans /dʒi:nz/ plural noun - trousers made of denim which are worn informally
jeans and a T-shirt – джинсы и футболка/безрукавка
I never wear jeans for work. Я никогда не ношу на работу джинсы.
2. jacket noun [C] - a short coat
a leather/denim/tweed jacket – кожаный/джинсовый/твидовый пиджак
The keys are in my jacket pocket. Ключи находятся в кармане моего пиджа-
ка./Ключи у меня в кармане пиджака.
3. chinos /tʃinəʊz/ plural noun - loose cotton trousers, usually of a light brown
colour
брюки из хлопчатобумажного твида
34
4. cardigan /ˈkɑː.dɪgən/ noun [C] (UK informal cardy, also cardie) - a woollen
piece of clothing which covers the upper part of the body and the arms, fas-
tening at the front with buttons, and usually worn over other clothes
кардиган, шерстяная кофта на пуговицах без воротника
5. shorts plural noun - trousers that end above the knee or reach the knee, which are
often worn in hot weather or when playing a sport
tennis shorts – теннисные шорты
She put on a pair of shorts and a T-shirt. Она надела шорты и футболку.
6. pants - a piece of clothing that covers the lower part of the body from the waist
to the feet, consisting of two cylindrical parts, one for each leg, which are
joined at the top
I need a new pair of trousers to go with this jacket. Мне нужны брюки, кото-
рые подходили бы к этому пиджаку.
Why aren't you wearing any trousers, David? Почему ты не носишь брюки,
Дэвид?
7. sweatshirt /ˈswetʃɜːt/ noun [C] - a piece of informal clothing with long sleeves,
usually made of thick cotton, worn on the upper part of the body
She was dressed casually in jeans and a sweatshirt. Она была одета по по-
вседневному, в джинсы и свитер.
8. bow tie /ˈbəʊ ˈtaɪ/ noun [C] - a special type of tie (= a strip of cloth put around
a collar) in the shape of a bow, worn especially by men on formal occasions
галстук-бабочка

19. Clothes 2

2. jumper

1. shirt

3. T-shirt
4. leggings

5. dungarees 6. (UK) tracksuit/ 7. polo shirt


(US) sweats
35

1. shirt /ʃɜːt/ noun [C] - a piece of clothing worn, especially by men, on the upper
part of the body, made of light cloth like cotton and usually having a collar
and buttons at the front
a striped/white shirt – полосатая/белая рубашка
a short-/long-sleeved shirt - рубашка с коротким/длинным рукавом
You've spilled something down your shirt front. Вы что-то пролили на перед
вашей сорочки.

2. jumper noun [C] UK (US sweater) - a woollen item of clothing which covers the
upper part of the body and the arms, and which does not open at the front
a red woolly jumper – красный шерстяной свитер/джемпер

3. T-shirt /ˈtɪ:ʃɜːt/ noun [C] - a simple piece of clothing which covers the top part
of the body and which has no collar and usually short sleeves
She was wearing jeans and a T-shirt. На ней были джинсы и футболка.

4. leggings /ˈlegɪŋz/ plural noun - a pair of very tight trousers made from a mate-
rial that stretches easily, usually worn by women
леггинсы, лосины, рейтузы

5. dungarees /dʌŋgəˈr:z/ plural noun UK (US overalls) - a pair of trousers with


an extra piece of cloth that covers the chest and is held in place by a strap over
each shoulder
забочие брюки, комбинезон

6. tracksuit UK /ˈtræk ˈsju:t/ noun [C] (US sweats) - a loose top and trousers,
worn either by people who are training for a sport or exercising, or as infor-
mal clothing
спортивный/тренировочный костюм

7. polo shirt noun [C] - an informal style of cotton shirt, with short sleeves, a collar
and some buttons at the neck
хлопчатобумажная рубашка с коротким рукавом в стиле «поло»
36

20. Clothes 3

4. bra

1. fleece 2. jacket 5. pants


3. skirt

6. socks 7. underpants 8. vest

12. boxer shorts 13. trunks

9. overcoat
10. dress
14. bikini
11. tights 15. stockings

1. fleece (SHEEP) noun [C or U] - a type of warm soft material, or a jacket made


from this
куртка на подкладке из овечьей шерсти
2. jacket noun [C] - a short coat
a leather/denim/tweed jacket – кожаная/джинсовая/твидовая куртка
The keys are in my jacket pocket. Ключи находятся в кармане моей курт-
ки./Ключи у меня в кармане куртки.
3. skirt (CLOTHES) noun [C] - a piece of clothing for women and girls that hangs
from the waist and does not have legs
a long/short skirt – длинная/короткая юбка
37
4. bra /brɑː/ noun [C] (formal brassiere) - a piece of women's underwear that
supports the breasts
бюстгалтер
5. pants (CLOTHES) plural noun UK underpants (US panties)
трусы
6. sock (CLOTHES) /sɒk/ noun [C] (plural socks or US ALSO sox) - a piece of
clothing made from soft material which covers your bare foot and lower part
of the leg
a pair of socks – пара носок
nylon/woollen/cotton socks – нейлоновые/шерстяные/хлопчатобумажные нос-
ки
thermal socks – утепленные носки
ankle/knee socks – носи до щиколотки/колена
Put on your shoes and socks. Надень туфли/ботинки и носки.
The little boy was wearing odd/ US USUALLY mismatched socks (= socks
of different colours). На маленьком мальчике были разные носки.
7. underpants /ˈʌndəpænts/ plural noun (UK also pants) - a piece of underwear
covering the area between the waist and the tops of the legs
a pair of underpants – пара трусов
8. vest noun [C] UK (US undershirt, Australian English singlet) - a type of un-
derwear, often with no sleeves, which covers the upper part of the body and
which is worn for extra warmth
ьайка/жилет/телогрейка
9. overcoat /ˈəʊvəkəʊt/ noun [C] - a long thick coat worn in cold weather
пальто
10. dress (PIECE OF CLOTHING) /dres/ noun [C] - a piece of clothing for
women or girls which covers the top half of the body and hangs down over
the legs
a long/short dress – длинное/короткое платье
a wedding dress - - свадебное платье
11. tights /taɪts/ plural noun UK (US pantyhose) - a piece of clothing made of
thin stretchy material which covers the legs and lower part of the body below
the waist, and which is worn by women and girls
She bought a new pair of tights. Она купила новую пару колготок/новые кол-
готки.
Oh no, I've got a ladder/run/hole in my tights. О, нет, у меня стрелка на кол-
готках.
12. boxer shorts plural noun (also boxers) - loosely-fitting men's underwear,
similar to short trousers
боксерские трусы
13. trunks /trʌŋks/ plural noun (UK also swimming trunks) a piece of men's cloth-
ing that covers the hips and bottom and the top part of the legs and is worn
when swimming
38
плавки
14. bikini /bɪˈkini/ noun [C] - a two-piece swimming costume for women
a bikini top – верхняя часть купальника
bikini bottoms/briefs – нижняя часть купальника/плавки
One-piece swimming costumes are more fashionable than bikinis this year.
Цельные купальные костюмы в этом году более модные.
15. stockings /ˈstɒkɪŋz/ plural noun [C] - a pair of tight-fitting coverings for the
feet and legs made of light material and worn by women
nylon/silk stockings – нейлоновые/шелковые чулки

21. Clothes 4

3. shoe 4. sandal 5. (UK) trainers/


2. miniskirt /mini (US) sneakers

1. coat 6. boot 7. wellington/


rubber boot

9. belt
8. hat

10. anorak 11. sari 12. cap 13. scarf

1. coat (CLOTHING) noun [C] - an outer piece of clothing with sleeves which is
worn over other clothes, usually for warmth
39
Do your coat up, Joe, or you'll freeze. Застегни пальто, Джо, иначе замерз-
нешь.
We need a coat hook on the back of this door. Нам необходима вешалка на
этой двери.
2. miniskirt /ˈmɪnɪ ˈskɜːt/ noun [C] (also mini) - a very short skirt
мини-юбка
3. shoe /ʃu:/ noun [C] - one of a pair of coverings for your feet, usually made of a
strong material such as leather, with a thick leather or plastic sole (= base) and
usually a heel
flat/high-heeled shoes – туфли на низком/высоком каблуке
gym/tennis shoes – гимнастические/теннисные тапочки
He put on/took off his new pair of shoes. Он надел/снял свои новые туфли.
Hurry and do up/lace up your shoes. Поторопись и завяжи свои туфли.
a shoe shop- обувной магазин
4. sandal /ˈsændəl/ noun [C] - a light shoe, especially worn in warm weather, con-
sisting of a bottom part held onto the foot by straps
a pair of sandals - сандалии
open-toed sandals –сандалии с открытыми носами
5. trainer UK /ˈtreɪnə/ noun [C] (UK also training shoe, US sneaker) - a type
of light comfortable shoe that is suitable for playing sport
кроссовки/кеды/теннисные туфли; обувь на каучуковой или резиновой подошве
6. boot (SHOE) /bu:t/ noun [C] - a type of shoe that covers the whole foot and the
lower part of the leg
wellington boots – резиновые сапоги
walking boots- прогулочные сапоги
riding boots – сапоги для верховой езды
7. wellington (boot) /ˈwelɪŋtən ˈbu:t/ AUSTRALIAN AND UK OLD-
FASHIONED noun [C usually plural] (US rubber boot, gumboot) - a
waterproof boot that reaches almost to the knees
He left his muddy wellingtons outside the back door. Он оставил свои рези-
новые сапоги у задней двери.
8. hat noun [C] - a covering for the head that is not part of a piece of clothing
a straw hat – соломенная шляпа
a woolly hat – шерстяная шляпа
a wide-brimmed hat – широкополая шляпа
9. belt (CLOTHING) noun [C] - a strip of leather or material worn around the waist
to support clothes or for decoration
She fastened her belt tightly around her waist. Она туго завязала пояс на та-
лии.
He had eaten so much that he had to undo his belt a couple of notches. Он
съел настолько много, что пришлось ослабить ремень на пару дырочек.
40
10. anorak (COAT) mainly UK /ˈænəræk/ noun [C] (US usually parka) - a short,
waterproof coat that protects the wearer against cold, wet and windy weather,
usually with a part for covering the head
анорак/куртка с капюшоном
11. sari, saree /ˈsɑːri/ noun [C] - a dress, worn especially by Indian and Pakistani
women, consisting of a very long piece of thin cloth wrapped around the body
сари (женская одежда в Индии)
12. cap (HAT) noun [C] - a soft flat hat which has a curved part sticking out at the
front, often worn as part of a uniform
кепка/шапка/фуражка/шапочка
13. scarf (CLOTH) /skɑːf/ noun [C] (plural scarves or scarfs) - a strip, square or
triangle of cloth, worn around the neck, head or shoulders to keep you warm
or to make you look attractive
a knitted/woollen/silk scarf – вязаный/шерстяной/шелковый шарф

22. Club

3. nightclub
2. golf club
1. ace of club
(playing card)

6. Indian
4. club (weapon) club

5. club sandwich
41
1. club (CARD) /klʌb/ noun [C] - a playing card showing the black sign with three
leaves
бубны карточная масть)
2. club (GOLF) noun [C] - a long, thin stick used in the game of golf to hit the ball
a set of golf clubs – набор клюшек для гольфа
3. nightclub /ˈnaɪtklʌb/ noun [C] (informal nightspot) a place which is open late
into the night, where people can go to drink and dance and often see some
type of entertainment
ночной клуб
4. club (WEAPON) noun [C] - a heavy stick used as a weapon
дубинка
5. club sandwich /ˈsændwɪdʒ/ noun [C] - a sandwich made from three pieces of
bread with meat, egg, cheese, salad or other cold food between them
бутерброд с тремя слоями хлеба
6. Indian club noun [C] - an object shaped like a bottle, used especially by jugglers
(= entertainers who throw objects into the air and catch them)
булава

23. Columns

1. column of soldiers

2. column in a newspaper

3. Doric 4. Ionic 5. Corinthian 6. column of a building


1. column /ˈkɒləm/ (BUILDING) noun [C] - a line of moving people or vehicles
a column of refugees – колонна беженцев
42
2. column (PRINTING) /ˈkɒləm/ noun [C] - one of several vertical blocks of print
into which a page of a newspaper or magazine is divided
I didn't have time to read the whole article - just the first column. У меня не
было времени прочесть всю статью - я прочел только первую колонку.
3. Doric /ˈdɒrɪk/ - adjective of or copying the simplest of the classical styles of an-
cient Greek building
a Doric column – греческая колонна
4. Ionic /aɪˈɒnɪk/ - adjective of or copying a style of ancient Greek building which
has only a small amount of decoration
5. Corinthian /kəˈrɪntθiən/ - adjective of or copying the most decorated of the three
styles of ancient Greek building
6. column (BUILDING) /ˈkɒləm/ noun [C] - a tall vertical stone post which is
used as a support for a roof or in classical buildings for decoration, or which
stands alone as a monument (= as a symbol of respect for a special person or
event)
The roof of the temple was held up by a row of thick stone columns. Крыша
замка поддерживалась рядом толстых каменных колонн.
Nelson's Column in Trafalgar Square – колонна Нельсона на Трафальгарской
площади

24. Comb

2. honeycomb

1. hair comb
3. comb of a cockerel’s head
43
1. comb (FOR HAIR) /kəʊm/ noun [C] - a flat piece of plastic, wood or metal with
a thin row of long narrow parts along one side, which you use to tidy and ar-
range your hair
гребень/расческа
2. honeycomb /ˈhʌnikəʊm/ noun [C or U] - a wax structure containing many small
holes which is made by bees to store their honey
пчелиные соты
3. comb (CHICKEN) noun [C] - a soft red growth on a chicken's head
петушиный гребень

25. Cone

1. ice cream cone

2. pine cone

3. traffic cone 4. cone (shape)

1. cone (FOOD) /kəʊn/ noun [C] - an edible container made of very light thin bis-
cuit, or one of these containing ice cream
съедобный конус
44
2. pine cone /ˈpaɪn ˈkəʊn noun [C] - the hard egg-shaped part of the pine tree
which opens and releases seeds
сосновая шишка
3. traffic cone noun [C] - a cone-shaped, usually red and white or yellow object
used to keep vehicles away from an area of road temporarily, usually because
repairs are being done to it
One lane of the road was closed off by traffic cones. Одна полоса дороги бы-
ла перекрыта дорожными конусообразными заграждениями.
4. cone (SHAPE) noun [C] - a shape with a flat, round or oval base and a top which
narrows to a point
конус
a traffic cone - дорожное конусообразное заграждение

26. Diamond
1. ace of diamond (playing card)

3. diamond (gem)

2. diamond (geomantic shape)

4. baseball diamond

1. diamond /ˈdaɪəmənd/ noun [C] - a card, with a red diamond shape on it, which
belongs to one of the four suits in a set of playing cards
the six of diamonds – шестерка бубен
2. diamond noun [C or U] - a shape with four straight sides of equal length, form-
ing two opposite angles which are wide and two which are narrow
45
Joe's socks had diamond patterns on them. На носках Джо были украшения в
виде ромба.
3. diamond noun [C or U] - an extremely hard valuable stone which is used in
jewellery, and in industry for cutting hard things
a diamond ring/necklace – кольцо с брильянтом/брильянтовое ожерелье
The tiara was set with diamonds and rubies. Тиара была украшена брильян-
тами и рубинами.
He had worked in the diamond mines of South Africa. Он работал на алмаз-
ных рудниках в Южной Африке.
diamond-tipped saw blades – зубцы пилы с алмазными наконечниками
4. diamond noun [C] - the square part of a field on which baseball is played, which
is marked off by the four bases, or the whole field on which the game is
played
площадка/ромб для игры в бейсбол

27. Drum

1. steel drum 2. drum kit/(US also) drum set

4. oil drum 5. ear drum


46
1. steel drum [C] – a large oil container which has been made into a musical in-
strument and is played like a drum
стальной барабан
2. drum kit - a set of drums and cymbals played by one person
ударная установка
3. oil drum – 1. a large tube-like container- бочка
2. the hollow metal cylinder in a washing machine into which clothes
and other items are put for washing – барабан стиральной маши-
ны
a five-gallon plastic drum – пятигалонная пластиковая бочка
a drum of radioactive waste – бочка с радиоактивными отходами
4. eardrum /ˈɪədrʌm/ noun [C] - thin piece of skin inside the ear that moves back-
wards and forwards very quickly when sound waves reach it, allowing you to
hear sounds
ушная перепонка

28. File

1. nail file
2. box file

3. walking in single file

4. file (tool) 5. filing cabinet


47
1. nail file /ˈneɪl ˈfaɪl/ noun [C] - a small strip of metal or paper with a rough sur-
face used for making the edges of your nails smooth and curved
пилка для ногтей
2. file (CONTAINER) /faɪl/ noun [C or U] - any of several different types of con-
tainer used to store papers, letters and other documents in an ordered way, es-
pecially in an office
картотека
a box/envelope file – картотека в коробке/конверте
secret/confidential/personnel files – секретная/конфиденциальная/ персональ-
ная картотека
You'll find it in the files under 'C'. Вы найдете это в картотеках под буквой
«С».
We keep your records on file for five years. Мы храним ваши дела в картоте-
ке в течение пяти лет.
3. single file noun - a way of walking with one person behind another
в колонну по одному
The schoolchildren were told to walk in single file. Школьникам велели идти в
колонну по одному.
4. file (TOOL) /faɪl/ noun [C] - a thin flat or rounded metal tool, which has rough
surfaces for rubbing wooden or metal objects to make them smooth or to
change their shape
напильник/надфиль
5. filing cabinet UK noun [C] ( US file cabinet) - a large piece of furniture in an
office, used for holding documents
ящик для хранения документов

29. Filter

1. filter (paper)

2. oil filter

3. (UK) traffic filter

4. cigarette filter
48
1. filter (paper) - a paper cone which allows only water through and is used to
make filter coffee
фильтр (бумажный)
2. oil filter - any of several types of equipment or devices for removing solids from
liquids or gases, or for removing particular types of light
масляный фильтр
a water filter – фильтр для воды
a dust filter – пылевой фильтр
I like to experiment with different light filters on my camera. Я люблю экспе-
риментировать с разными светофильтрами для своего фотоаппарата.
Ozone is the earth's primary filter for ultraviolet radiation. Озон является ос-
новным фильтром от ультрафиолетового излучения.
3. traffic filter - green arrow-shaped light which is part of a set of traffic lights and
which tells drivers when they can turn left or right
стрелка светофора
a left/right filter – указатель светофора/стрелка для поворота налево/направо
4. cigarette filter - filter tip (also filter-tipped cigarette) - a cigarette with a filter
on the end to remove tar from the tobacco
сигаретный фильтр

30. Flowers 1

2. clover 3. dandelion 4. chrysanthemum


1. pansy

8. fuchsia 9. orchid
6. daisy

5. hyacinth 7. nettle

11. buttercup

10. thisle 12. tulip 13. sunflower


49
1. pansy (PLANT) /ˈpænzi/ noun [C] - a small garden plant with flowers of many
different colours which have rounded petals
анютины глазки
2. clover /ˈkləʊvə/ noun [U] - a small plant with three round leaves on each stem,
often fed to cows
клевер
3. dandelion /ˈdændɪlaɪən/ noun [C] - a common small bright-yellow wild flower
which has a lot of long thin petals arranged in a circular pattern around a
round centre
одуванчик
The children took turns blowing the dandelion clock. Дети по очереди дули на
шапку одуванчика.
4. chrysanthemum /krɪˈsæntəməm/ noun [C] - any of several types of garden
plant, including some with many small flowers and some with few but very
large flowers
хризантема
5. hyacinth /ˈhaɪəsɪnt θ/ noun [C] - a pleasant-smelling plant with a lot of small
flowers that grow close together around one thick stem
гиацинт
6. daisy /ˈdeɪzi/ noun [C] - a small flower with white petals and a yellow centre,
which often grows in grass
ромашка/маргаритка
7. nettle (PLANT) /netl ̩/ noun [C] - a wild plant with heart-shaped leaves that are
covered in hairs which sting
крапива
stinging nettles – жалящяя/обжигающая крапива
nettle soup/tea – суп/чай из крапивы
8. fuchsia /ˈfjuʃə/ noun [C] - a small plant, often grown in gardens, which has red,
purple or white flowers that hang down
9. orchid /ˈɔː.kɪd/ noun [C] - a plant with unusually shaped and beautifully col-
oured flowers
орхидея
10. thistle /θɪsl ̩/ noun [C] - a wild plant with sharp points on the leaves and, typi-
cally, purple flowers
чертополох
The thistle is the national emblem of Scotland. Чертополох является офици-
альной эмблемой Шотландии.
11. buttercup /ˈbʌtəkʌp/ noun [C] - a small, bright, yellow wild flower
лютик
50
12. tulip /ˈtjulɪp/ noun [C] - a plant which has a large brightly coloured bell-shaped
flower on a stem and which grows from a bulb, or the flower itself
тюльпан
13. sunflower /ˈsʌnflaʊə/ noun [C] - a plant usually having a very tall stem and a
single large round flat yellow flower, with many long thin narrow petals close
together
подсолнечник/подсолнух

31. Flowers 2
3. honeysuckle

2. carnation
1. snowdrop

4. geranium

6. daffodil

5. rose
7. foxglove

9. poppy

8. bluebell

10. lily 11. hollyhock


12. lupin

1. snowdrop /ˈsnəʊdrɒp/ noun [C] - a plant which produces small white bell-
shaped flowers in the early spring
Подснежник
51
2. carnation /kɑːˈneɪʃən/ noun [C] (a plant with) - a small flower with a sweet
smell, which is usually white, pink, or red
гвоздика

3. honeysuckle /ˈhʌnisʌkl ̩/ noun [C or U] - a climbing plant with flowers that


smell sweet
жимолость

4. geranium /dʒəˈreɪniəm/ noun [C] - a plant with red, pink or white flowers, often
grown in containers and gardens
герань
5. rose (PLANT) /rəʊz/ noun [C] - a garden plant with thorns on its stems and
pleasant-smelling flowers, or a flower from this plant
роза
a rose bush- розовый куст
She sent him a bunch of red roses. Она послала ему букет роз.
6. daffodil /ˈdæfədɪl/ noun [C] - a yellow bell-shaped flower with a long stem
which is commonly seen in the spring
нарцисс
7. foxglove /ˈfɒksglʌv/ noun [C] - a tall thin plant with white, yellow, pink, red or
purple bell-shaped flowers growing all the way up its stem
наперстянка
8. bluebell noun [C] - a small European plant that usually grows in woods and has
blue flowers shaped like bells
колокольчик
9. poppy /ˈpɒpɪ/ noun [C] - a plant with large delicate flowers, which are typically
red, and small black seeds
мак

10. lily /ˈlɪlɪ/ noun [C] - any of various plants with a large, bell-shaped flower on a
long stem
лилия

11. hollyhock /ˈhɒlɪhɒk/ noun [C] - a garden plant which has very tall stems cov-
ered with brightly coloured flowers
шток-роза розовая

12. lupin, US usually lupine /ˈlupɪn/ noun [C] - a garden plant which has a long
pointed flower of various colours and which is sometimes used to feed ani-
mals
люпин волчий
52

32. Foot

1. ankle

3. instep

2. heel

6. arch

4. big toe 5. ball of the foot

1. ankle /æŋkl ̩/ noun [C] - the joint which connects the foot to the leg, or the thin
part of the leg just above the foot
лодыжка
I fell over and sprained/twisted my ankle. Я упал и растянул/подвернул ло-
дыжку.
2. heel (BODY PART) noun [C] - the rounded back part of the foot See also well-
heeled
пятка
3. instep /ˈɪnstep/ noun [C] - the curved upper part of the foot between the toes and
the heel, or the part of a shoe or sock which fits around this
подъем (ступни)
4. big toe /ˈbig ˈtəʊ/ noun [C] - the largest toe on your foot
большой палец ноги
5. ball / bɔ:l/ (ROUND OBJECT) noun [C] - the ball of your foot or thumb is the
rounded part where the toes join the foot and the thumb joins the hand
подушечка (на ступне/пальце)
6. arch /ɑ:tʃ/ (CURVED STRUCTURE) noun [C] - the raised curve on the bottom
of your foot
изгиб ступни/подъем
She's got very high arches. У нее очень высокий подъем/изгиб стопы.
53

33. Fork

1. fork

2. tuning fork

3. gardenfork

4. pitchfork 5. forked lightning

6. fork in the road

1. fork (FOOD) /fɔːk/ noun [C] - a small object with three or four points and a
handle, that you use to pick up food and eat with
вилка
a knife and fork – нож и вилка
2. tuning fork noun [C] - a metal object in the form of a small bar which is divided
into two for about half of its length, and which, when hit gently, produces a
particular note. It is used when tuning musical instruments
камертон
3. fork (GARDEN) noun [C] - a tool with a long handle and three or four points,
used for digging and breaking soil into pieces
a garden fork – садовые вилы
4. pitchfork /ˈpɪtʃfɔːk/ noun [C] - a tool with a long handle and two or three large
curved metal points used for moving hay or straw
вилы для работы с сеном или соломой
5. forked /fɔːkt/ adjective - with one end divided into two parts
54
раздвоенный
a forked tail – раздвоенный хвост
a snake's forked tongue – раздвоенный змеиный язык
6. fork (DIVISION) noun [C] - a place where a road or river etc. divides into two
parts, or either of those two parts
развилка дороги/реки и т. п.
When you reach a fork in the road take the right-hand path. Когда вы достиг-
ните развилки дороги, направляйтесь по правой дороге.

34. Frame

2. ball
3. doorframe

1. picture

4. frame

5. photograph
6. lens

7. climbing frame 8. cold frame 9. (UK) Zimmer frame/


Walking frame/
(US) walker

1. picture (IMAGE) noun [C] - a drawing, painting or photograph, etc


картина
Atticus drew/painted a picture of my dog. Аттикус нарисовал портрет моей
собаки.
We took a picture of (= photographed) the children on their new bicycles.
Мы сфотографировали детей на их велосипедах.
55
I hate having my picture taken (= being photographed). Я не терплю, когда
меня фотографируют./Я ненавижу фотографироваться.
2. ball (ROUND OBJECT) noun [C] - any object in the shape of a sphere, especially
one used as a toy by children or in various sports such as tennis and football
шар (геометрическая фигура)/мяч
a beach/ tennis/golf/ ball – пляжный/теннисный мяч/мяч для гольфа
Just try to concentrate on hitting the ball. Просто старайся сосредоточиться
на ударе по мячу.
The kitten curled itself into a ball (= the shape of a ball). Котенок свернулся
калачиком (= в форме мячика).
3. doorframe /ˈdɔː.freɪm/ noun [C] - the rectangular frame that surrounds an
opening into which a door fits
дверной проем
4. frame (STRUCTURE) noun [C] - the basic structure of a building, vehicle or
piece of furniture that other parts are added onto
рама
a bicycle frame – велосипедная рама
5. photograph /ˈfəʊtəgrɑːf/ noun [C] (INFORMAL photo) a picture produced
using a camera
фотография
a colour/black-and-white photograph – цветная/черно-белая фотография
aerial photographs - аэрофотосъемки
nude photographs – фотографии обнаженного тела
My parents took a lot of photographs of us when we were small. Мои роди-
тели сделали много наших фотографий, когда мы были маленькими.
6. lens (GLASS) noun [C] - a curved piece of glass, plastic or other transparent ma-
terial used in cameras, glasses and scientific equipment, which makes objects
seem closer, larger, smaller, etc.
линза/лупа/увеличительное стекло
a camera with a zoom lens – фотокамера с увеличительными линзами
7. climbing frame UK noun [C] (US jungle gym) - a large frame made of bars
that children can climb on
детская лесенка
8. cold frame noun [C] - a glass or plastic box, with a top which can be left open,
into which young plants are put for a short time, especially in order to help
them grow faster or to protect them from cold weather
теплица для рассады
9. Zimmer frame UK TRADEMARK /ˈzɪmə ˈfreɪm/ noun [C] (UK ALSO walk-
ing frame, US walker) - a metal frame with four legs which you place in
front of you and lean on to help you move forward if you have difficulty in
walking, for example when old
металлическое устройство для облегчения ходьбы
56
35. Fruit 1

2. plum 4. peach
1. apple 5. pear 6. cherry

7. strawberry 3. apricot 10. grapefruit


9. orange
8. lime

11. raspberry
12. segment 13. satsuma 14. lemon

1. apple /æpl ̩/ noun [C or U] - a round fruit with a firm white flesh and a green, red
or yellow skin
яблоко
to peel an apple – очистить яблоко
apple pie/sauce – яблочный пирог/соус
an apple tree - яблоня
2. plum (FRUIT) /plʌm/ noun [C or U] - a small round fruit with a thin smooth red,
purple or yellow skin, sweet soft flesh, and a single large hard seed
слива
plum jam – сливовое варенье/джем
a plum tree – сливовое дерево
3. peach (FRUIT) /pitʃ/ noun [C or U] - a round fruit with juicy sweet yellow
flesh, slightly furry red and yellow skin and a large seed in its centre
персик
Would you like peaches and cream for dessert? Хотите на десерт персики
со сливками?
4. apricot (FRUIT) /ˈeɪprɪkɒt/ noun [C] - a small round soft fruit with a pale or-
ange furry skin
57
абрикос
5. pear /peər/ noun [C or U] - a sweet juicy fruit with a green skin which has a
round base and is slightly pointed towards the stem
груша
6. cherry /ˈtʃeri/ noun [C] - a small, round, soft red or black fruit with a single hard
seed in the middle, or the tree on which the fruit grows
вишня
7. strawberry /ˈstrɔː.bəri/ noun [C] - a small juicy red fruit which has small brown
seeds on its surface, or the plant with white flowers on which this fruit grows
клубника
I thought we'd have strawberries and cream for dessert. Я думал, что у нас
на десерт будет клубника со сливками.
strawberry jam – клубничное варенье/джем
8. lime (FRUIT) /laɪm/ noun [C or U] - a juicy round fruit which is sour like a
lemon but smaller and green, or the small Asian tree on which this fruit grows
лайм (разновидность лимона)
9. orange (FRUIT) /ɒrɪndʒ/ noun [C or U] - a round sweet fruit which has a thick
orange-coloured skin and an orange-coloured centre divided into many parts
апельсин
a glass of orange juice – стакан апельсинового сока
10. grapefruit /ˈgreɪpfrut/ noun [C] (plural grapefruit or grapefruits) - a fruit which
is like a large orange, but has a yellow skin and tastes less sweet
грейпфрут
11. raspberry (FRUIT) /ˈrɑːzbəri/ noun [C or U] - a small soft red fruit, or the
bush on which it grows
малина
raspberries and ice cream - малина и мороженое
raspberry jam – малиновое варенье/джем
12. segment /ˈsegmənt/ noun [C] - any of the parts into which something (espe-
cially a circle or sphere) can be divided or into which it is naturally divided
долька/часть
The salad was decorated with segments of orange. Салат был украшен
дольками апельсина.
People over the age of 85 make up the fastest-growing population segment.
Люди, возраст которых за 80 лет, составляют наиболее быстро растущий
сегмент/часть населения.
13. satsuma /ˈsætsumə/ noun [C] - a fruit like a small orange with skin that can be
removed easily
сатсума (разновидность апельсина)
14. lemon noun [C or U] - an oval fruit which has a thick yellow skin and sour juice
For this recipe you need the juice of two lemons. Для этого рецепта вам по-
требуются сок из двух лимонов.
58
Would you like a slice of lemon in your tea? Хотите ломтик лимона в чай?
lemon juice – лимонный сок

36. Fruit 2

1. pineapple

2. watermelon
3. melon

5. kiwi
6. fig
4. date

7. mango
8. avocado

10. coconut 11. lychee /litchi


9. grape 12. banana

1. pineapple /ˈpaɪnæpl ̩/ noun [C or U] (the juicy yellow flesh of) - a large tropical
fruit with a rough orange or brown skin and pointed leaves on top1
ананас
tinned pineapples – консервированные ананасы
pineapple juice – ананасовый сок
2. watermelon /ˈwɔː.tə ˈmel.ən/ noun [C or U] - a large round or oval-shaped fruit
with dark green skin, sweet watery pink flesh and a lot of black seeds
арбуз
59
3. melon /ˈmelən/ noun [C or U] - a large round fruit with hard yellow or green
skin, sweet juicy flesh and a lot of seeds
дыня
4. date (FRUIT) /deɪt/ noun [C] - the sweet fruit of various types of palm tree
финик
5. kiwi (fruit) noun [C] (also Chinese gooseberry) - an oval fruit with brown hairy
skin and bright green flesh
киви
6. fig (FRUIT) /fɪg/ noun [C] - a sweet, soft, purple or green fruit with many edible
seeds, or a tree on which these grow
винная ягода/инжир
7. mango /ˈmæŋgəʊ/ noun [C or U] (plural mangoes or mangos) - an oval tropical
fruit with a smooth skin, juicy orange-yellow flesh and a large hard seed in
the middle
манго
8. avocado (plural avocados) /ævəˈkɑː.dəʊ/ noun [C] (UK also avocado pear)
a tropical fruit with thick green or purple skin and oily green edible flesh
which has a large round seed at the centre
авокадо
9. grape /greɪp/ noun [C] a small round purple or pale green fruit that you can eat
or make into wine
виноград
black/white/red/green grapes – черный/белый/красный/зеленый виноград
a bunch of grapes – гроздь винограда
seedless grapes – виноград без кссточек
grape juice – виноградный сок
10. coconut /ˈkəʊkənʌt/ noun [C] - a large nut-like fruit with a woody brown shell
containing hard white edible flesh and a white liquid
кокос
11. lychee, litchi /ˈlaɪtʃi/ noun [C] - a fruit with a rough brown shell and sweet
white flesh around a large shiny brown seed, or the evergreen tree on which
this fruit grows
лайчи
12. banana /bəˈnɑː.nə/ noun [C or U] - a long curved fruit with a yellow skin and
soft, sweet white flesh inside
банан
a bunch of bananas – связка бананов
banana milkshake - молочный коктейль с бананами
60
37. Hair

1. straight 2. crew cut 3. spiky 4. hairband

5. curly 6. flat-top 7. plait 8. Mohican

9. wavy 10. skinhead 11. dreadlocks 12. cornrow

1. straight (NOT CURVING) /streɪt/ adjective, adverb - continuing in one direc-


tion without bending or curving
прямой
a straight line - прямая линия
She's got straight blonde hair. У нее прямые светлые волосы.
Skirts this summer are long and straight. Юбки этим летом длинные и пря-
мые.
Can't you see it? It's straight ahead (of you)! Разве ты не видишь? Это прямо
перед тобой.
The dog seemed to be coming straight at/for me. Казалось, собака бежала
прямо ко мне/на меня.
Go straight along this road and turn left at the traffic lights. Идите по этой
улице прямо и поверните у светофора направо.
61
2. crew cut /ˈkru: ˈkʌt/ noun [C] - a hairstyle in which the hair is cut very short
короткая стрижка
3. spiky /ˈspaɪki/ adjective covered with spikes or having that appearance
колючий, усаженный шипами
a spiky cactus – колючий кактус
spiky leaves – остроконечные листья
4. hairband /ˈheəbænd/ noun [C] (UK also Alice band) - a curved plastic strip
worn in the hair, which fits closely over the top of the head and behind the
ears
лента для волос
5. curly /ˈkɜː.li/ adjective having curls or a curved shape
кудрявый/курчавый/вьющийся
He has blond curly hair. У него светлые вьющиеся волосы.
These pigs all have curly tails. У всех этих поросят завитые хвосты.
6. flat-top noun [C] - a short hair cut, usually for a man, in which the hair is flat on
the top of the head
короткая прическа с плоским верхом
7. plait /plæt/ noun [C] (US usually braid) - a length of hair or other material
which is divided into three parts which are then crossed over each other in a
special pattern
коса/косичка
She usually wears her hair in a plait/in two plaits. Она обычно заплетает во-
лосы в косу/две косы.
8. Mohican UK /məʊˈhikən/ noun [C] (US Mohawk) - a sometimes rightly
coloured hairstyle, often worn in punk fashion, in which the hair is removed
from the sides of the head and a central strip is made to point out from the
head
вид прически
9. wavy /ˈweɪvɪ/ adjective having a series of curves
волнистый/волнообразный
Sarah's got lovely wavy blond hair. У Сары красивые волнистые светлые
волосы.
10. skinhead noun [C] - a hairstyle in which the hair is so short that the skin on the
head can be seen
бритоголовый
11. dreadlocks /ˈdredlɒks/ plural noun - a hairstyle in which the hair hangs in
long thick twisted lengths
дреды/жгуты
12. cornrow /ˈkɔːnrəʊ/ noun [C] mainly US - one of many strips of hair twisted
together close to the head in thin rows
62
Tyler likes her hair in cornrows, but braiding it takes a long time. Тайлер нра-
вится иметь волосы в виде косичек, похожих на кукурузу, на для того, чтобы
заплести их таким образом, требуется много времени.

38. Hand 1
1. wrist

3. thumb

2. palm

4. index finger

8. fingernail
7. little finger
5. middle finger 6. ring finger/third finger

1. wrist /rɪst/ noun [C] - the part of the body between the hand and the arm
запястье
I sprained my wrist playing squash. Я подвернул запястье, играя в сквош/
ракетбол.
2. palm /pɑ:m/ noun [C] - the inside part of your hand from your wrist to the base
of your fingers
ладонь
This tiny device fits into the palm of your hand. Это крохотное устройство
умещается у меня в ладони.
3. thumb /θʌm/ noun [C] - the short thick finger on the side of your hand which
makes it possible to hold and pick things up easily
большой палец (на руке)
4. index finger noun [C] - the finger next to the thumb
указательный палец
5. middle finger noun [C] - the longest finger on the hand
средний палец
6. ring finger noun [C] - the finger nearest to your little finger. In many Western
cultures, people often wear a ring on their ring finger to show that they are
married or are planning to get married.
безымянный палец
7. little finger noun [C] - the smallest finger on each hand
мизинец
63
8. fingernail /ˈfɪŋgə 'neɪl/ noun [C] (also nail) - the hard slightly curved part that
covers and protects the top of the end of a finger
ноготь
dirty fingernails – грязные ногти
She had long red fingernails. У нее длинные ногти красного цвета.

39. Hand 2

2. human hand

1. clock hand

3. measurement for horses

4. a hand in cards

1. hand (CLOCK/WATCH) /hænd/ noun [C] - one of the long, thin pieces that
point to the numbers on a clock or watch
часовая стрелка
Does anyone have a watch with a second hand? У кого-нибудь есть часы с
секундной стрелкой?
2. hand (BODY PART) noun [C] - the part of the body at the end of the arm which
is used for holding, moving, touching and feeling things
рука
The baby gripped my finger with her tiny hand. Ребенок ухватил меня за палец
своей крохотной ручкой.
Hold the racquet in one hand and the ball in the other. Держите ракетку в
одной руке и мяч в другой.
The school provides paper towels for the children to dry their hands on. Шко-
ла обеспечивает учеников бумажными полотенцами для вытирания рук.
64
I've got my hands in my pockets to keep them warm. У меня руки в карманах,
чтобы им было тепло.
The teacher asked us to form a circle and join hands. Учительница попросила
нас стать в круг и взяться за руки.
3. hand (MEASUREMENT) noun [C] a unit for measuring the height of a horse up
to its shoulder
хенд (мера длины)
One hand equals 4 inches (= 10.16 centimetres). Одна ладонь равна 4 дюй-
мам (= 10,16 см).
4. hand (CARDS) noun [C] a (single part of a) game of cards, or the set of cards
which a player has in a game
рука (в карточной игре)
Who's for a hand of poker? Кто за партию в покер?
You dealt me an appalling hand in that game. Ты сдал мне ужасную карту в
прошлой игре.

40. Hats

1. baseball cap 2. headscarf 3. top hat/topper 4. bowler/derby

5. flat 6. baseball cap


8. beret
7. turban
9. balaclava
10. straw boater
12. fedora
11. crash helmet

17. trilby
14. earmuffs
13. bonnet 16. policeman’s helmet
15. peaked cap

18. Stetson/cowboy hat 19. sombrero 20. (UK) booble hat/(US) beanie 21. fez
65
1. baseball cap noun [C] - a tightly fitting hat, originally worn by baseball players,
with a long flat piece at the front to protect the eyes from the sun
бейсболка
2. headscarf /ˈhedskɑːf/ noun [C] (plural headscarves) - a square piece of material
worn on the head by women, often folded into a triangle and tied under the
china silk
шаль/платок
3. top hat noun [C] (INFORMAL topper) - a tall black or grey hat worn by men on
some formal occasions
шляпа/цилиндр
4. bowler (hat) noun [C] (US also derby) - a man's hat that is black and has a round
hard top
котелок
5. flat cap (HAT) noun [C] - a soft flat hat which has a curved part sticking out at
the front, often worn as part of a uniform
берет/кепка
6. baseball cap noun [C] - a tightly fitting hat, originally worn by baseball players,
with a long flat piece at the front to protect the eyes from the sun
бейсболка
7. turban /ˈtɜː.bən/ noun [C] - a head covering for a man, worn especially by
Sikhs, Muslims and Hindus, and made from a long piece of cloth which is
wrapped around the top of the head many times
тюрбан/чалма
8. beret /ˈbereɪ/ noun [C] - a round flat hat made of soft material
берет
9. balaclava /bæləkˈlɑː.və/ noun [C] a closely fitting woollen covering for the
head and neck
вязаный шлем
10. straw boater noun [C] - a stiff hat with a flat top and wide straight brim which
is traditionally worn when travelling along a river in a boat to protect the
wearer from the sun
соломенная шляпа
11. crash helmet noun [C] - a hard hat which covers and protects the whole head,
worn especially by motorcyclists
12. fedora /fəˈdɔː.rə/ noun [C] a man's hat, like a trilby but with a wider brim
мягкая фетровая шляпа
13. bonnet (HAT) /ˈbɒnɪt/ noun [C] - a type of hat that covers the ears and is tied
under the chin, worn by babies or, especially in the past, by women
чепец
14. earmuffs /ˈɪəmʌfs/ plural noun - a pair of small pieces of furry material worn
over the ears with a strap that goes over the head to keep them on
наушники (для защиты от холода или шума)
66
15. cap (HAT) noun [C] a soft flat hat which has a curved part sticking out at the
front, often worn as part of a uniform
фуражка
16. helmet /ˈhelmət/ noun [C] - a strong hard hat that covers and protects the head
каска/шлем
a crash helmet – защитная каска
a cycle helmet – велосипедный шлем
17. trilby /trɪlbi/ noun [C] mainly UK a man's hat made of felt (= thick firm cloth)
with a deep fold along its top
мягкая фетровая шляпа
18. Stetson /stetsən/ noun [C] TRADEMARK - a hat with a wide, curving lower
edge, especially worn by cowboys
ковбойская шляпа «Стетсон»
19. sombrero /sɒmbreərəʊ/ noun [C] (plural sombreros) - a hat with a wide brim,
worn especially by men in Mexico
сомбреро
20. bobble hat UK noun [C] (Australian English beanie) - a woollen hat with a
small round woollen ball on top
шапочка с помпоном
21. fez /fez/ noun [C] (plural fezzes) - a high, cone-shaped hat with a flat top and
no brim, usually made of red material and with threads hanging from the top,
especially as worn in the past by men in some Muslim countries
феска

41. Head
1. forehead

2. eyebrow

3. eyelash

4. eye
5. nose
11. ear 6. lip

10. cheek 7 tooth

8. chin
9. tongue
67
1. forehead /ˈfɒrɪd/ noun [C] - the flat part of the face, above the eyes and below
the hair
лоб
She's got a high forehead. У нее высокий лоб.
2. eyebrow /ˈaɪbraʊ/ noun [C] - the line of short hairs above each eye in humans
бровь
Do you pluck your eyebrows (= remove some of the hairs to change their
shape)? – Ты выщипываешь брови (= удаляешь некоторые волоски, чтобы из-
менить форму бровей)?
He's got really bushy (= thick) eyebrows. – У него очень густые брови.
3. eyelash /ˈaɪlæʃ/ noun [C] - any of the short hairs which grow along the edges of
the eye
ресница
long eyelashes – длинные ресницы
false eyelashes – искусственные ресницы
4. eye (ORGAN) /aɪ/ noun [C] - one of the two organs in your face, which you use
to see with
глаз
He has no sight in his left eye. Он не видит левым глазом.
She's got beautiful green eyes. У нее прекрасные зеленые глаза.
He closed his eyes and went to sleep. Он закрыл глаза и заснул.
5. nose (BODY PART) /nəʊz/ noun [C] - the part of the face that sticks out above
the mouth, through which you breathe and smell
нос
a large/long/pointed nose – крупный/длинный/заостренный нос
I've got a sore throat and a runny nose (= liquid coming out of the nose). У
меня болит горло и насморк (= из носа течет жидкость).
Come on now, stop crying - blow your nose on my hankie. Давай, прекрати
плакать – вытри нос моим носовым платком.
6. lip (BODY PART) /lɪp/ noun [C] - one of the two soft, red edges of the mouth
губа
She kissed me on the lips. – Она поцеловала меня в губы.
He licked his lips. Он облизнул губы.
7. tooth (MOUTH) /tu:θ/ noun [C] (plural teeth) - one of the hard white objects in
the mouth, which are used for biting and chewing
зуб
a broken/missing tooth – сломанный/отсутствующий зуб
front/back teeth – передний/задний зуб
8. chin /tʃin/ noun [C] the part of a person's face below their mouth
подбородок
To keep the helmet in position, fasten the strap beneath the chin. Чтобы
шлем держался, завяжите завязки под подбородком.
68
She sat behind the table, her chin resting in her hands. Она сидела за столом,
положив подбородок на руки.
9. tongue (MOUTH PART) /tʌŋ/ noun [C] - the large soft piece of flesh in the
mouth which you can move and which you use for tasting, speaking, etc.
язык
I burnt my tongue on some soup last night. Вчера вечером я обжег супом
язык.
10. cheek (BODY PART) /tʃi:k/ noun [C] - the soft part of your face which is be-
low your eye and between your mouth and ear
щека
The tears ran down her cheeks. Слезы бежали у нее по щекам.
rosy cheeks – розовые щеки
He embraced her, kissing her on both cheeks. Он обнял ее, целуя в обе щеки.
11. ear (BODY PART) /ɪə/ noun [C] either of the two organs, one on each side of
the head, by which people or animals hear sounds, or the piece of skin and tis-
sue outside the head connected to this organ
ухо

42. Heart

2. human heart

1. ace of heart (playing card)

3. the heart of a lettuce 4. valentine card (with heart)


1. heart (SHAPE) /hɑ:t/ noun [C] - a card, with a red heart shape on it, which be-
longs to one of the four suits in a set of playing cards
червы (картежная масть)
69
2. heart (ORGAN) noun [C] - the organ in your chest that sends the blood around
your body
сердце
heart disease/failure – болезнь сердца/перебои в работе сердца
He's got a weak/bad heart (= His heart is not healthy). У него слабое/плохое
сердце (= Его сердце нездоровое).
Isabel's heart was beating fast with fright. Сердце Изабелл учащенно стуча-
ло/колотилось от страха.
3. heart (CENTRE) noun [C] - the firm central part of a vegetable, especially a
leafy one
сердцевина
the heart of a lettuce – сердцевина салата-латука
4. heart (SHAPE) noun [C] - a shape, consisting of two half-circles next to each
other at the top and a v-shape at the bottom, which is often coloured pink or
red, and which represents love
сердечко (форма)

43. Hook

2. boat hook

1. fish hook

3. (UK) coat peg/(US) coat hook

5. a left hook
(in boxing)

4. hook and eye

1, 3. hook (DEVICE) /hʊk/ noun [C] - a curved device used for catching or hold-
ing things, especially one fixed to a surface for hanging things on
крюк/крючок
a coat/picture hook – вешалка для пальто/картины
70
a boat hook - лодочный крюк
a fish hook – рыболовный крючок
2. boat hook noun [C] - a long pole with an iron hook on the end, used to pull a
boat towards you, to push a boat away, etc.
багор
4. hook and eye noun [C usually singular] - a device for fastening clothes consist-
ing of a small bent piece of metal into which a hook fits
5. hook (HIT) noun [C] - a way of hitting in boxing, cricket or golf
хук (вид удара)
a right/left hook - правый/левый хук

44. In the kitchen

1. extractor (fan) 2. cupboard

5. sink
3. fridge

4. (UK) hob/ 6. tap


(US) stove

8. dishwasher 9. grill 10. oven 11. washing


7. freezer machine
1. extractor (fan) noun [C] - a piece of equipment which is used to remove steam,
smoke or unpleasant smells from a room or building
вентилятор
71
2. cupboard /ˈkʌbəd/ noun [C] - a piece of furniture or a small part of a room with
a door or doors behind which there is space for storing things, usually on
shelves
шкаф
a kitchen cupboard - кухонный шкаф
a built-in cupboard- встроенный шкаф
Is there plenty of cupboard space (= Are there many cupboards) in your
new house? В вашем новом доме много пространства для шкафов (= Много
шкафов)?
3. fridge /frɪdʒ/ noun [C] (also refrigerator, US old-fashioned s) - a piece of
kitchen equipment which uses electricity to preserve food at a cold tempera-
ture
холодильник
Don't forget to put the milk back in the fridge. Не забудь поставить молоко
обратно в холодильник.
4. hob noun [C] (US stove, stovetop) UK - the top part or surface of a cooker on
which pans can be heated
верхняя часть кухонной плиты
Most domestic hobs have four gas or electric rings. На поверхности боль-
шинства домашних кухонных плит имеются четыре газовые горелки или элек-
трических круга.
5. sink (BOWL) /sɪŋk/ noun [C] - a bowl that is fixed to the wall in a kitchen or
bathroom that you wash dishes or your hands, etc. in
раковина
a bathroom/kitchen sink – раковина в ванной/на кухне
6. tap (DEVICE) noun [C] UK (US faucet) - a device that controls the flow of liq-
uid, especially water, from a pipe
кран
the hot/cold tap – кран для горячей/холодной воды
Turn the tap on/off. Закрой/открой кран.
7. freezer /ˈfri:zə/ noun [C] (also deep freeze) - a container, operated by electric-
ity, which preserves food at a very cold temperature so that it becomes solid
and can be kept safely for a long time
морозильная камера
8. dishwasher /ˈdɪʃwɒʃə/ noun [C] - a machine that washes dirty plates, cups,
forks, etc.
посудомоечная машина
9. grill (COOK) /grɪl/ verb [T] (US also broil) - to cook something by direct heat,
especially under a very hot surface in a cooker
гриль
I grilled the sausages. Я приготовил сосиски на гриле.
72
10. oven /ˈʌvən/ noun [C] the part of a cooker with a door, which is used to cook
food
духовка/печь
a conventional/gas/fan-assisted oven – обычная/газовая духовка/духовка с
вентилятором
a microwave oven – микроволновая печь
a cool/medium/hot oven – холодная/средней температуры/горячая духовка
Place the cake in the oven at 200°C. Поставьте пирог в духовку с темпера-
турой 200 градусов.
Calcutta in summer is like an oven (= extremely and uncomfortably hot).
Калькутта летом как духовка (= чрезвычайно и некомфортно жаркая).
11. washing machine noun [C] - a machine for washing clothes, sheets and other
cloth items
стиральная машина
a front/top-loading washing machine – стиральная машина с передней/
верхней загрузкой
Could you empty/load the washing machine, please? Загрузи/Освободи, по-
жалуйста, стиральную машину.

45. In the office

1. chart 2. coffee machine 4. blind 5. noticeboard


3. coathooks

6. filing cabinet

7. partition

8. desk 9. bin 12 office cnair


73
1. chart noun [C] - a drawing which shows information in a simple way, often using
lines and curves to show amounts
схема/диаграмма/график
There is a chart on the classroom wall showing the relative heights of all the
children. В классе на стене висит диаграмма, показывающая относительный
рост всех детей
The sales chart shows a distinct decline in the past few months. Диаграмма
продаж показывает явный спад за несколько последних месяцев.
the TV weather chart – схема прогнозов погоды по телевидению
2. coffee machine noun [C] - a machine from which you can buy coffee and other
hot drinks by putting coins into it
кофеварка
3. hook (DEVICE) /hʊk/ noun [C] - a curved device used for catching or holding
things, especially one fixed to a surface for hanging things on
крючок/вешалка
a coat/picture hook – вешалка для пальто/картины
a boat hook - лодочный крюк
a fish hook – рыболовный крючок
4. blind (WINDOW) /ˈblaɪnd/ noun [C] (US shade) - a cover for a window made
of a single piece or strips of cloth, paper or plastic that is pulled up or down
by a string
занавеска/штора
a roller blind – свертываемая штора
a Venetian blind – венецианская штора
5. noticeboard UK /ˈnəʊtɪs bɔːd/ noun [C] (US bulletin board) a board on a wall
on which notices can be fixed
доска объявлений
I've put the list of players up on the noticeboard. Я поместил список игроков
на доску объявлений.
6. filing cabinet UK noun [C] ( US file cabinet) - a large piece of furniture in
an office, used for holding documents
шкаф с документами
7. partition (DIVIDING STRUCTURE) /pɑ:ˈtɪʃən/ noun [C] - a vertical structure
like a thin wall which separates one part of a room or building from another
перегородка
The partitions between the toilets were very thin. Перегородка между туа-
летами была очень тонкой.
8. chair (FURNITURE) /tʃeə/ noun [C] - a seat for one person, which has a back,
usually four legs, and sometimes two arms deckchair; pushchair; wheelchair
стул
9. bin (WASTE) noun [C] UK - a container for waste
корзина/контейнер
a litter/ rubbish bin – корзина для мусора
74
The supermarket has installed recycling bins for old newspapers, bottles and
cans. Супермаркет установил контейнеры для сбора старых газет, бутылок
и банок для последующей их переработки.
Do you want this or shall I throw it in the bin? Ты это будешь есть или выбро-
сить в корзину?
10. desk (TABLE) /desk/ noun [C] - a type of table that you can work at, often one
with drawers
стол
an office/school desk – офисный/школьный стол
She sat at her desk writing letters. Она сидела за своим столом и писала пись-
ма.
He had a pile of papers on his desk. У него на столе была кипа бумаг/ доку-
ментов.
The report arrived on/landed on/reached my desk (= I received it) this morn-
ing. Доклад дошел до моего стола (=Я получил его) сегодня утром.

46. Jack

1. jack (for a car)

2. (UK) jack plug/(US)


plug

3. jack of spades 4. jack-knifed lorry


75
1. jack (EQUIPMENT) /dʒæk/ noun [C] - a piece of equipment which can be
opened slowly under a heavy object such as a car in order to raise it off the
ground
домкрат
You need a car jack in order to change a wheel. Для замены колеса вам необ-
ходим домкрат.
2. jack plug (ELECTRICAL) noun [C] - a connection between two pieces of elec-
trical equipment
штеккер
3. jack (CARD) noun [C] (also knave) - a playing card with a picture of a man on
it. It has a lower value than the cards showing a king or queen
валет (игральная карта)
the jack of clubs – валет бубен
4. jack-knife (BEND) /ˈdʒæk ˈnaɪf/ verb [I] - if a truck which has two parts jack-
knifes, one part swings round so far towards the other part that it cannot be
driven
складываться (как складной нож)
The oil tanker jack-knifed after skidding on the ice. Бензовоз сложился после
заноса на льду.

47. Key

3. keyboard

1. key signature

2. door key

3. clarinet key 5. typewriter keyboard

7. computer keyboard
6. map key
76
1. key (MUSICAL NOTES) /ki:/ noun [C] - a set of musical notes based on one
particular note
музыкальный ключ
The song changes key halfway through. Песня меняет ключ на половине.
the key of C minor – ключ С-минор
2. door key (LOCK) noun [C] - a piece of metal that has been cut into a special
shape and is used for fastening or unfastening a lock, starting a car engine,
etc.
ключ от дверного замка
car/door keys – ключи от двери автомобиля
3, 5, 7. keyboard /ˈki:bɔ:d/ noun [C] - the set of keys on a computer or typewriter
that you press in order to make it work, or the row of keys on a musical in-
strument such as a piano
клавиатура
4. key (PART) noun [C] - any of the set of moving parts that you press with your
fingers on a computer, typewriter or musical instrument to produce letters,
numbers, symbols or musical notes
клавиша/кнопка
6. key (LIST) noun [C] - a list of the symbols used in a map or book with explana-
tions of what they mean
ключ (разъяснение) к карте

48. Leaf

1. leaf of a table

2. leaf of a tree
3. leaf of a book
77
1. leaf (TABLE) /li:f/ noun [C] (plural leaves) - an extra part of a table that can be
folded away when not being used
одна из крышек раскладного стола
2. leaf (PLANT) noun [C] (plural leaves) - one of the flat, usually green parts of a
plant which are joined at one end to the stem or branch
лист растения
a palm leaf – пальмовый лист
autumn leaves – осенние листья
He was sweeping up leaves in his garden. Он подметал листья в саду.
3. leaf (PAPER) noun [C] (plural leaves) - a thin sheet of paper
лист бумаги

49. Kitchen equipment and cooking


2. coffee machine

4. sieve

3. colander
1. cafetiere 5. kettle

8. 9. bread bin

7. tin opener
6. toaster

10. teapot
11. oven gloves
12. scales
13. grate

14. peel 17. spread

15. chop
16. slice

20. fry
18. mash 19. grill 21. boil
78
1. cafetiere /ˈkæfətjeə/ noun [C] - a glass container for making coffee, in which hot
water is poured onto coffee and then a filter (= net) is pushed down into the
container to keep the solids at the bottom
кофеварка
2. coffee machine noun [C] - a machine which makes coffee
кофеварка
3. colander /ˈkʌlɪndə/ noun [C] a bowl with small holes in it which is used for
washing food or for emptying food into when it has been cooked in water
дуршлаг
After four minutes, pour the pasta into a colander to drain. Через четыре ми-
нуты слейте макароны в дуршлаг, чтобы стекла вода.
4. sieve /sɪ:v/ noun [C] - a tool consisting of a wood, plastic or metal frame with a
wire or plastic net fixed to it. You use it either to separate solids from a liquid,
or you rub larger solids through it to make them smaller
сито/ситечко (кухонное)
Pass the sauce through a sieve to remove any lumps. Пропустите соус через
сито, чтобы избавиться от комков.
5. kettle /ketl ̩/ noun [C] - a covered metal or plastic container with a handle and a
shaped opening for pouring, used for boiling water
чайник
6. toaster /ˈtəʊstə/ noun [C] an electric device for making toast
тостер
7. tin opener UK noun [C] (mainly US can opener) - a device for opening closed
cylindrical metal containers of food
консервный нож/открывалка
8. grater /ˈgreɪtə/ noun [C] - a metal device with holes surrounded by sharp edges
used to cut food into small pieces
терка (кухонная)

9. bread bin UK noun [C] (US bread box) a container in which bread is stored
хлебница
10. teapot /ˈti:pɒt/ noun [C] - a container for making and serving tea with a handle
and a shaped opening for pouring
заварочный чайник
11. oven gloves UK noun [C] (US oven mitts) - thick cloth coverings for the
hands used for taking hot things out of an oven
варежки/перчатки для защиты рук от ожогов
12. scales plural noun UK (US scale) - a device for weighing things or people
kitchen/bathroom scales – кухонные весы/весы для ванной
13. grate (COOKING) /greɪt/ verb [T] - to rub food against a grater (= metal de-
vice with sharp holes in it) in order to cut it into a lot of small pieces
натирать/растирать (на терке)
79
grated cheese – тертый сыр
14. peel (FOOD) /pi:l/ verb [T] - to remove the skin of fruit and vegetables
снимать корку, кожицу, шелуху; очищать (фрукты, овощи)
Peel, core and chop the apples. Очистите, удалите из яблока сердцевину и
порежьте его.
15. chop (CUT) verb [T] - to cut something into pieces with an axe, knife or other
sharp instrument
рубить/нарезать/колоть дрова
He was chopping wood in the yard. Он колол дрова во дворе
Add some fresh parsley, finely chopped. Добавьте свежую петрушку, мелко
порезанную.
16. slice (PIECE) /slaɪs/ noun [C] - a flat, often thin, piece of food that has been
cut from a larger piece
отрезанный ломтик/ломоть/кусок
a slice of bread/cake – кусок хлеба/пирога
cucumber/lemon slices – ломтики огурца/лимона
Would you like another slice of ham/beef? Хотите еще кусочек окоро-
ка/говядины?
sliced /slaɪst/ adjective - cut into thin flat pieces
порезанный на куски/кусочки
sliced bread/ham/tomato – нарезанный хлеб/ветчина/помидор
slicer /slaɪsə/ noun [C] - a machine or tool for slicing particular types of food
an egg/bread/meat slicer яйце/хлебо/мясорезка
приспособление для нарезки продуктов
17. spread /spred/ verb [I or T] (spread, spread) - to (cause to) cover, reach or
have an effect on a wider or increasing area
намазывать/размазывать/распространять/расстилать
The fire spread very rapidly because of the strong wind. Огонь распростра-
нился очень быстро из-за сильного ветра.
It started off as cancer of the liver but it spread to other areas of the body.
Это началось как рак печени, но потом распространилось по другим частям
тела.
We spread the picnic rug out on the ground and sat down to eat. Мы рассте-
лили покрывало для пикника на земле и сели кушать.
The AIDS virus is spread (= given to other people) through contact with blood
and other body fluids. Вирус СПИДА распространяется (=передается другим
людям)путем контактов с кровью и другими жидкостями тела.
Are you spreading (= telling a lot of people) gossip/rumours again? Вы опять
распускаете (= рассказываете многим людям) сплетни/слухи?
If we spread (= divide) the work between us, it won't seem so bad. Если мы
распределим (= поделим) работу между собой, это будет неплохо.
She spread her toast with a thick layer of butter./She spread a thick layer of
butter on her toast. Она намазала свой тост толстым слоем масла./Она на-
мазал толстый слой масла на свой тост.
80
It's a special sort of butter that spreads easily even when cold. Это специаль-
ный сорт масла, который легко размазывается, даже если оно холодное.
The suburbs spread (out) for miles to either side of the city. Пригороды рас-
ползаются на мили вокруг города.
Slowly a smile spread across her face. Улыбка медленно растекалась по ее
лицу.
18. mash verb [T] - to crush food, usually after cooking it, so that it forms a soft
mass
мять/разминать
Mash the potatoes and then mix in the butter and herbs. Разомните карто-
фель и затем смешайте его с маслом и специями.
19. grill (COOK) /grɪl/ verb [T] (US also broil) - to cook something by direct heat,
especially under a very hot surface in a cooker
жарить на рашпере
I grilled the sausages. Я приготовил сосиски на рашпере.
20. fry (COOK) /fraɪ/ verb [I or T] - to cook food in hot oil or fat
жарить/обжаривать
Fry the mushrooms in a little butter. Обжарьте грибы в небольшом количест-
ве масла.
INFORMAL FIGURATIVE You'll fry (= burn) if you lie in the sun all day. Вы
поджаритесь (= обгорите), если будет лежать на солнце весь день.
21. boil (HEAT) verb [T] - to cook food by putting it in water that is boiling
Кипятить/варить
I've boiled some potatoes for dinner. На обед я сварил картофель.
boiled carrots – вареная морковь

50. Line

2. fishing line

1. line
3. telephone line
4. (UK) queue/(US) line
5. line on a sports field

6. clothes line 7. assembly line

9. pipeline
8. skyline
81
1. line (RAILWAY) /laɪn/ noun [C] (the route followed by) - a railway track
желазнодорожная лини/путь
The train was delayed, apparently due to leaves on the line. Поезд опоздал,
очевидно, из-за листьев на путях.
The Northern Line is the worst on the London Underground. Северная линия
– самая плохая в Лондонском метро.
2. fishing line noun [C or U] - strong plastic string used with a fishing rod to catch
fish
рыболовная леска
3. line (TELEPHONE) noun [C] - a connection to a telephone system
телефонная линия
I'm afraid your line's been disconnected because your last bill hasn't been
paid. Боюсь, ваша линия разъединена, поскольку ваш последний счет не опла-
чен.
If you want to air your opinions live on the radio, the lines will be open (= you
can telephone) from eight o'clock. Если вы хотите выразить свое мнение в
прямом эфире, линия будет открыта (= вы можете позвонить) с восьми ча-
сов.
I've got Chris Foster on the line for you. Do you want to take it now or call her
back later? У меня на линии Крис Фостер, которая хочет поговорить с вами.
Захотите взять трубку сейчас или перезвоните ей позже?
FORMAL Please hold the line (= wait). I'll see if she's available. Пожалуйста,
оставайтесь на линии (= подождите). Я узнаю, свободна ли она.
4. line (ROW) noun [C] US (UK queue) - a group of people standing one behind
the other who are waiting for something
очередь
Just get in line and wait your turn like everyone else. Просто встаньте в оче-
редь и ожидайте своей очереди, как и две другие.
I had to wait/stand in line for three hours to get tickets. Мне пришлось про-
ждать/простоять в очереди три часа, чтобы получить билет.
5. line (EDGE) noun [C] - a long thin and sometimes imaginary mark that forms the
edge, border or limit of something
воображаемая линия/край/граница
The police couldn't arrest him because he'd fled across the state line. Поли-
ция не смогла арестовать его, так как он сбежал за границу штата.
For many television viewers the dividing line between fact and fiction is be-
coming increasingly blurred. Для многих телеобозревателей разделительная
линия между действительностью и вымыслом становится все более размы-
той.
6. clothes line noun [C] - a length of rope or string from which wet clothes are
hung, usually outside, to dry
веревка/шнур для сушки белья
7. assembly line (assembly-line) noun [C usually singular] - a line of machines
and workers in a factory which a product moves along while it is being built
82
or produced. Each machine or worker performs a particular job, which must
be completed before the product moves to the next position in the line
сборочная линия
assembly-line workers – рабочие сборочной линии
8. skyline /ˈskaɪlaɪn/ noun [C usually singular] - a shape or pattern made against
the sky, especially by buildings
горизонт/линия видимого горизонта
You get a good view of the New York skyline from the Statue of Liberty. Со
Статуи свободы открывается прекрасный вид на Нью-Йорк.
9. pipeline noun [C] - a very long large tube, often underground, through which
liquid or gas can flow for long distances
трубо/нефте/газопровод

51. Mark

1. mark There is a
mark on his shirt. 2. road markings

3. a grade/mark

6. question mark

7. exclamation mark

4. a marked page 8. quotation marks


5. black and white markings

1. mark (DIFFERENT AREA) /mɑ:k/ noun [C] - a small area on the surface of
something which is damaged, dirty or different in some way
83
пятно/отметина/след
There were dirty marks on her trousers where she had wiped her hands. У
нее на брюках, в тех местах, где она вытирала руки, было много грязных пя-
тен.
His fingers had left marks on the table's polished surface. Его пальцы остави-
ли следы на полированной поверхности стола.
She had a red mark on her arm where she'd burnt herself. У нее на руке было
красное пятно/отметина на том месте, которое она обожгла.
2. marking /ˈmɑ:kɪŋ/ noun [C usually plural] - a mark which makes it possible to
recognize something
маркировка/марка/метка/отметина
There are a couple of fish with blue markings, and a few more with gold
stripes down the side. Там есть пара рыбин с синими/голубыми отметинами
и еще несколько рыбин с золотистыми полосками по бокам.
The army said the flight would be too dangerous as none of its helicopters
had Red Cross markings. Представители армии заявили, что полет будет
слишком опасным, так как ни на одном из вертолетов нет отличительных
знаков Красного Креста.
3. mark (JUDGMENT) noun [C] mainly UK - a judgment, expressed as a number
or letter, about the quality of a piece of work done at school, college or uni-
versity
оценка/отметка (за успевемость)
4. mark /mɑ:k/ verb [T] - to show where something is by drawing or putting some-
thing somewhere
отмечать/помечать
I've marked the route around the one-way system on the town plan. Я отме-
тил маршрут с односторонним движением на плане города.
I'd like everyone to mark their progress on the chart every week. Мне бы хо-
телось, чтобы каждый отмечал свои достижения на схеме каждую неделю.
X marks the spot where the treasure is buried. Знаком Х отмечено место, где
спрятано сокровище.
5. marking /ˈmɑ:kɪŋ/ noun [C usually plural] - a mark which makes it possible to
recognize something
отметина
There are black and white markings on the cat’s side. У кошки на боках чер-
но-белые отметины.
6. question mark noun [C] - the ? punctuation mark that is put at the end of a
phrase or sentence to show that it is a question
знак вопроса
7. exclamation mark noun [C] (US exclamation point) - the ! punctuation mark
that is written immediately after an exclamation
восклицательный знак
84
8. quotation marks plural noun (UK also inverted commas, informal
quotes) the " " punctuation marks that are put around a word or phrase to
show that someone else has written or said it
кавычки

52. Match

1. matchstick

2. matching pair, e.g. a pair of china dogs

4. stick figure

3. a football match

1. matchstick /ˈmætʃstɪk/ noun [C] - the short wooden stick of a match, or the
match itself
спичка
He likes making models out of matchsticks. Ему нравится делать модели из
спичек.
2. matching /ˈmætʃɪŋ/ adjective [before noun] - having the same colour or pattern
as something else
подходить по цвету, тону, размеру и т. п.
a green dress with matching green handbag – зеленое платье с сумочкой в
тон
85
3. match (COMPETITION) mainly UK /mætʃ/ noun [C] (US usually game) - a
sports competition or event in which two people or teams compete against
each other
a football/cricket/tennis match – футбольный/крикетный/теннисный матч
We won/lost the match. Мы выиграли/проиграли матч/игру.
Liverpool have a match with (= against) Blackburn next week. «Ливерпуль»
на следующей неделе играет с (= против) «Блэкберна».
4. stick figure noun [C] (also matchstick figure) - a simple picture of a person in
which the head is drawn as a circle and the body, arms and legs are drawn as
lines

53. Mill

1. windmill

3. pepper mill

4. watermill 5. waterwheel
2. millstone

6. mill

7. steel mill 8. coffee mill


1. windmill /ˈwɪndmiɪll/ noun [C] - a building or structure with large blades on the
outside which, when turned by the force of the wind, provide the power for
getting water out of the ground or crushing grain
ветряная мельница
86
2. millstone /ˈmɪlstəʊn/ noun [C] - one of a pair of large circular flat stones used,
especially in the past, to crush grain to make flour
жернов
3. pepper mill noun [C] - a small device, the top part of which you turn by hand to
crush the peppercorns inside it to produce pepper
устройство для помола перца
4. watermill /ˈwɔ:təmɪl/ noun [C] - a mill (= a machine which produces flour)
whose power is provided by a large wheel which is turned by moving water,
especially a river
водяная мельница
5. waterwheel /ˈwɔ:təwi:l/ noun [C] - a large wheel which is turned round by
flowing water and used to provide the power for machinery
водяное колесо
6. mill noun [C] - a factory where a particular substance is produced
завод/фабрика
a cotton/paper/steel mill – хлопчатобумажная/бумажная фабрика/сталели-
тейный завод
7. steel mill noun [C] - a factory where steel is made
сталелитейный завод
8. mill noun [C] - a small machine for crushing things into powder
устройство для размола/помола продуктов/специй
a pepper/coffee mill – мельница для размола перца/кофемолка

54. Mouse

1. mouse

2. (UK) mouse mat/(US) mouse pad

3. mouse (rodent)

4. mousetrap
87
1. mouse (DEVICE) /maʊs/ noun [C] (plural mice) - a small device which you
move across a surface in order to move a cursor on your computer screen
мышь для работы с компьютером
2. mouse mat UK noun [C] (US mouse pad) - the special flat piece of material
on which you move the mouse for your computer
коврик для мыши
3. mouse (ANIMAL) noun plural mice [C] - a small mammal with short fur, a
pointed face, and a long tail
Мышь (грызун)
a field mouse – полевая мышь
a pet mouse – игрушечная мышь
4. mousetrap /ˈmaʊstræp/ noun [C] - a small device that is used in houses and
other buildings for catching and killing mice

55. Mouth

1. mouthpiece of a wind instrument 2. mouth

3. mouth of a bottle

4. mouth of a telephone

5. river mouth

1, 4. mouthpiece /ˈmaʊθpi:s/ noun [C] - the part of a telephone, musical instrument


or other device that goes near or between the lips
мундштук музыкального инструмента/микрофон
88
To play the recorder, blow gently into the mouthpiece. Чтобы включить маг-
нитофон, легко подуйте в микрофон.
2. mouth (BODY PART) /maʊθ/ noun [C] - the opening in the face of a person
or animal, consisting of the lips and the space between them, or the space be-
hind containing the teeth and the tongue
рот (часть тела)
3, 5. mouth (OPENING) noun [C usually singular] - the opening of a narrow con-
tainer, the opening of a hole or cave, or the place where a river flows into the
sea
вход/отверстие/устье
Quebec is at the mouth of the St Lawrence River. Квебек расположен в устье
реки Сейнт Лоренс ривер.

56. Muzzle

1. muzzle

2. muzzle of a dog

1. muzzle (GUN) /mʌzl ̩/ noun [C] - the end of a gun barrel, where the bullets
come out
дуло/дульный срез
2. muzzle (ANIMAL) /mʌzl ̩/ noun [C] - the mouth and nose of an animal, espe-
cially a dog, or a covering put over this in order to prevent the animal from
biting
морда/рыло животного
89
57. Nail

2. fingernail

1. toe-

3. nail scissors 4. nail

1. toenail /ˈtəʊneɪl/ noun [C] - the hard slightly curved part that covers and pro-
tects the end of a toe
ноготь пальца на ноге
She was cutting/painting her toenails. Она обрезала/красила ногти на ногах.
2. fingernail /ˈfɪŋgəneɪl/ noun [C] (also nail) - the hard slightly curved part that
covers and protects the top of the end of a finger
ноготь пальца на руке
dirty fingernails – грязные ногти
She had long red fingernails. У нее были длинные ногти красного цвета.
3. nail scissors /ˈneɪl ˈsɪsəz/ plural noun - a small pair of curved scissors used to
cut your nails
ножницы для ногтей
4. nail (METAL) /neɪl / noun [C] - a small thin piece of metal with one pointed end
and one flat end which you hit into something with a hammer, especially in or-
der to fasten or join it to something else
гвоздь
a three-inch nail – гвоздь длиной в три дюйма
90
58. Neck

1.
2. neck

3. neck of a bot-
4. neck of a gui-

5. neck of a

1. neck (BODY PART) noun [C] - the part of a piece of clothing which goes around
a person's neck
горло/шея (одежды)
This sweater's too tight at the neck. Этот свитер слишком тесный в горле.
He wasn't wearing a tie and his shirt was open at the neck. Он был без гал-
стука и его сорочка была открыта на шее.
a low-neck dress – платье с глубоким вырезом
2. neck (BODY PART) noun [C] - the part of the body which joins the head to the
shoulders
шея (часть тела)
He wore a blue shirt open at the neck. — На нём была голубая рубашка с от-
крытым воротом (= открыта на шее).
3, 4, 5. neck (BODY PART) noun [C] - part of a hollow object which is at the top
and is narrower than the part below it
горлышко/шейка/гриф
91
the neck of a bottle/guitar – горлышко бутылки/гриф гитары
59. Net

1. net cur- 2. practice net for

3. net-

4. fishing

5. tennis

6. hair-
1. curtain /ˈkɜ:tən/ noun [C] - a piece of material, especially cloth, which hangs
across a window or opening to make a room or part of a room dark or private
занавеска/занавес
Heavy curtains blocked out the sunlight. Тяжелые занавески защищали от
солнечного света.
open or close the curtains – закрыть или открыть занавес/занавески
2. net (MATERIAL) noun [C] the area surrounded by a piece of material made from
string into which a ball or puck is put in order to score points in various sports
сетка/сеть (в спортивном инвентаре/оборудовании)
His penalty kick placed the ball decisively in the back of the net. Его удар со
штрафного решительно всадил мяч в заднюю часть сетки ворот.
a basketball net – баскетбольная сетка
3. netting /ˈnetɪŋ/ noun [U] - material in the form of a net
ограждение/заграждение
Two skiers were injured by safety netting that was too close to the course.
Два лыжника получили травмы от сетки ограждения, которая была слишком
близко от трассы.
4. net (MATERIAL) noun [C or U] - material made of threads of rope, string, wire
or plastic that are woven loosely so that there are spaces between them, allow-
92
ing gas, liquid or small objects to go through, or an object made with this mate-
rial which is used to limit the movement of something
сеть/сетка
a fishing net – рыболовная сеть
a butterfly net – сетка для ловли бабочек
Dolphins often get tangled in the nets that are used to catch tuna fish. Дель-
фины часто запутываются в сетях, которые используются для ловли тунца.
5. net (MATERIAL) noun [C] - a rectangular piece of material made from string
which is used to separate the two sides in various sports
сетка
If the ball touches the net during a service in a game of tennis, you have to
serve again. Если в ходе игры в теннис мяч при подаче коснется сетки, вам
необходимо сделать подачу еще раз.
6. hairnet /ˈheənet/ noun [C] - a light net that some women wear over their hair to
keep it in place
сетка для волос

60. Nose

1. nose 2. nose of an air-

3. nose cone of a space

4. nose to tail
1. nose (BODY PART) /nəʊz/ noun [C] - the part of the face that sticks out above
the mouth, through which you breathe and smell
93
нос (часть тела)
aquiline /Roman nose - орлиный, римский нос
bulbous nose - нос картошкой
turned-up; snub nose - курносый нос
bloody nose - кровотечение из носа
running nose, runny nose – сопливый нос
He speaks through his nose. Он гнусавит (= говорит через нос).
2. nose (VEHICLE) /nəʊz/ noun [C] - the front of a vehicle, especially an aircraft
носовая/передняя часть транспортного средства или самолета
The symbol was painted on each side of the plane's nose. Символ был нари-
сован на каждой стороне носовой части самолета.
3. nose cone noun [C] - the front part of a spacecraft, aircraft or missile
носовая часть
4. nose to tail - one closely behind the other
вплотную друг к другу
The cars were parked nose to tail down the street. Автомобили были припар-
кованы вплотную друг к другу.

61. Pad

1. lily

2. pad of paper

4. pad on a dog’s

3. launch
1. lily pad noun /ˈlili ˈpæd / [C] - the large round-shaped leaf of the water lily which
floats on the surface of water
лист водяной лилии
2. pad (PAPER) /pæd/ noun [C] - a number of pieces of paper that have been fastened together
along one side, which is used for writing or drawing on
блокнот
94
I have a pad and pencil for taking notes. У меня есть блокнот и карандаш для заметок.
I always keep a pad of paper by the phone. Я всегда держу у телефона блокнот.
3. launch pad /ˈlɑːnt ʃ ˈpæd/ noun [C] (UK also launching pad) a special area from which
rockets or missiles are sent into the sky
The rocket blew up on the launch pad. Ракета взорвалась на стартовой площадке.
FIGURATIVE Soap operas have long been a launch pad for film actors. Мыльные оперы
всегда были стартовой площадкой для киноактеров.
4. pad (FOOT) noun [C] - the soft part at the bottom of a cat or dog's paw (= foot)

62. Office equipment


1. screen 2. CPU 10. mobile
3. drive
4. speaker

11. hands-
9.

5. mouse 6. key- 8. 7. web cam 11a. scanner 11b.PDA

13.
15. Filo-

12. tray 16. card


14. lap-

17. paper

18. 19. fax


20. 21. Post-it

22.
25. sta-
23.
26. photocop-
24. stapler

1. screen (PICTURE) noun [C] - a flat surface in a cinema or on a television or a


computer system on which pictures or words are shown
экран
95
Our television has a 19-inch screen. У нашего телевизора экран 19 дюймов.
Coming to your screens (= cinemas) shortly, the amazing adventures of
'Robin Hood'. Скоро на ваших экранах (= в кинотеатрах), захватывающие
приключения Робина Гуда.
Her ambition is to write for the screen (= for television and films). Ее често-
любивым желанием является писать для экрана (= для телевидения и кино-
фильмов).
Write the letter on the computer then you can make changes easily on
screen. Напишите письмо на компьютере, потом легко будет делать измене-
ния на экране.
2. CPU /ˈsi: ˈpi: ˈju:/ noun [C] - abbreviation for central processing unit: the elec-
tronic system that performs the basic operations of a computer
процессор компьютера
3. drive (COMPUTING) /draɪv/ noun [C] - a device for storing computer informa-
tion
дисковод/привод
a disk/tape drive – дисковод/привод ленты
a floppy/hard drive – гибкий/жесткий диск
4. speaker /ˈspi:kə/ noun [C] - the part of a radio or television, or of a piece of elec-
trical equipment for playing recorded sound, through which the sound is
played. A speaker can be part of the radio, etc. or be separate from it
громкоговоритель/динамик/звуковая колонка
There's no sound coming out of the right-hand speaker. Из правого громкого-
ворителя не исходят никакие звуки.
5. mouse (DEVICE) /maʊs/ noun [C] (plural mice) - a small device which you
move across a surface in order to move a cursor on your computer screen
мышь
6. keyboard noun [C] - the set of keys on a computer or typewriter that you press in
order to make it work, or the row of keys on a musical instrument such as a
piano
клавиатура
7. web cam, webcam /ˈwebkæm/ noun [C] - a camera which records moving pic-
tures and sound and allows these to be broadcast on the Internet as they hap-
pen
Веб-камера
8. CD-ROM /ˈsi: ˈdi: ˈrɒm/ noun [C or U] - abbreviation for compact disc read-only
memory: a compact disc that holds large amounts of information that can be
read by a computer but cannot be changed
компакт-диск
Cambridge dictionaries are available on CD-ROM. Кембриджские словари
имеются на компакт-дисках.
9. printer /ˈprɪntə/ noun [C] - a machine that is connected to a computer and prints
onto paper using ink
96
принтер
a bubble-jet/dot-matrix/laser printer – струйный/игольчатый/лазерный прин-
тер
printer noun [C] - a person whose job is to print books, newspapers and maga-
zines
печатник
printing /ˈprɪntɪŋ/ noun [U] - the activity or business of producing writing or
images on paper or other material with a machine
печатное/издательское дело
She runs her own printing business. Она ведет свое печатное дело.
print (TEXT) noun [U] - letters, numbers, words or symbols that have been pro-
duced on paper by a machine using ink
шрифт/оттиск/отпечаток
The title is in bold print. Заголовок напечатан жирным шрифтом.
This novel is available in large print for readers with poor eyesight. Этот
роман имеется с крупным шрифтом для читателей со слабым зрением.
The print quality (= The quality of the text produced) of the new laser
printer is excellent. Качество печати (= Качество текста) нового лазерно-
го принтера отличное.
printing and word processing print (TEXT) noun [U] - newspapers, books
and magazines
печать/средство печати
The debate is still raging, both in print and on the radio and television.
Споры еще шумят, как в печати, так и по радио и телевидению.
in/out of printing/out of print – из печати
If a book is in print, it is possible to buy a new copy of it, and if it is out of
print, it is not now possible. Если книга находится в печати, можно купить
ее новую копию, если же она снята с печати, то сейчас это невозможно.
Is her work still in print? Ее работа еще печатается?
Classic literature never goes out of print. Классическую литературу нико-
гда не прекращают печатать.
print /prɪnt/ verb print, at print (TEXT) - to produce writing or images on pa-
per or other material with a machine
печатать
The leaflets will be printed on recycled paper. Листовки будут напечата-
ны на подвергшейся переработке бумаге.
I'm waiting for a document to print. Я жду, когда напечатают документ.
printing and word processing print, at print (TEXT) - to include a piece of
writing in a newspaper or magazine
напечатать/включить в текст
Some newspapers still refuse to print certain swear words. Некоторые га-
зеты все еще отказываются печатать определенные ругательства..
They printed his letter in Tuesday's paper. Его письмо напечатано в га-
зете во вторник.
97
printable /ˈprɪntəbl ̩/ adjective - If something that you say is not printable, it is
too rude or offensive to be included in a newspaper or magazine
печатный/печатаемый
He let out a torrent of abuse, none of it printable in a respectable daily
newspaper. Он излил поток ругательств, ни одно из которых не может
быть напечатано в приличной газете.
10. mobile phone mainly UK noun [C] (also mobile, US usually cellphone) - a
telephone which is connected to the telephone system by radio, rather than by
a wire, and can therefore be used anywhere where its signals can be received
мобильный телефон
11. hands-free noun [C] - a piece of equipment, especially a telephone, that you
can use without needing to hold it in your hand
автоматический (при установлении связи)
11a. scanner /ˈskænə/ noun [C] - a device for making images of the inside of the
body or for reading information into a computer system
сканер
an ultrasound scanner – ультрафиолетовый сканер
bar code scanners – сканеры штрих-кодов
11b. PDA /ˈpi: ˈdi: ˈeɪ/ noun [C] - abbreviation for personal digital assistant (= a
small computer that you can carry with you)
карманный компьютер
12. tray noun [C] mainly UK - a flat open container with raised edges which you put
on your desk for keeping papers in
лоток
She put the letter in your in-tray. Она положила письмо в лоток входящих для
документов.
I don't know where I put that article - it must be in the bottom of my tray. Не
знаю, куда я положил эту статью – она должна быть на дне моего лотка для
документов.
13. Dictaphone /ˈdɪktəfəʊn/ - noun [C] - trademark a machine used in an office to
record spoken words and later repeat them aloud so that they can be written
down
диктофон
14. laptop (computer) /ˈlæp ˈtɒp kəmˈpju:tə/ noun [C] - a computer which is small
enough to be carried around easily and is designed for use outside an office
переносной компьютер типа «Ноут-бук»
A laptop would be really useful for when I'm working on the train. Переносной
компьютер будет полезен, когда я работаю в поезде.
15. Filofax /ˈfaɪləfæks/ noun [C] (also personal organizer) TRADEMARK - a
small book in which a record can be kept of telephone numbers, future plans
and visits, business meetings, etc.
ежедневник
98
16. card (INFORMATION) /kɑ:d/ noun [C] - a small rectangular piece of stiff pa-
per with information printed on it, especially a person's job title, business ad-
dress and telephone number
визитная карточка/визитка
Here, let me give you my (business) card. Вот, разрешите вручить вам мою
визитную карточку.
17. paper clip noun [C] - a small piece of bent wire used for holding pieces of pa-
per together
скрепка
18. calculator /ˈkælkjʊleɪtər/ noun [C] - a small electronic device which is used
for doing calculations
калькулятор
a pocket calculator – карманный калькулятор
19. fax noun [C or U] (also fax machine) - a device or system used to send and
receive documents in electronic form along a telephone line
факс
I'll send you the agenda by fax. Я вышлю вам повестку по факсу.
Have you got a fax at home? У вас дома есть факс?
20. eraser mainly US /ɪˈreɪzə/ noun [C] (UK usually rubber) - a small piece of
rubber used to remove the marks made by a pencil
ластик/резинка
If you draw or write in pencil you can always rub out your mistakes with an
eraser. Если вы рисуете или пишите карандашом, вы всегда можете стереть
свои ошибки резинкой.
21. Post-it (note) /ˈpəʊstɪt ˈnəʊt/ /poʊst ɪt noʊt/ noun [C] TRADEMARK - a
small coloured piece of paper for short messages which can be stuck tempo-
rarily to something else
бумага/листы для заметок
22. tidy /ˈtaɪdɪ/ noun a desk/car/sink, etc. tidy - a small container for a few
items, that enables you to keep your desk, car, etc.
канцелярский прибор
23. ruler /rulə/ noun [C] (OLD-FASHIONED or FORMAL rule) - a long, narrow,
flat piece of plastic, metal or wood with straight edges marked in centimetres
or inches, or both. It is used for measuring things and for drawing straight
lines.
линейка
24. stapler /steɪplə/ noun [C] - a small device which you can hold in your hand or
use on a table to push staples through pieces of paper
степлер
25. staple (WIRE) noun [C] - a short thin piece of wire used to fasten sheets of pa-
per together. It has sharp ends which are pushed through the paper and then
bent flat by a special device.
скрепка/скобка
99
26. photocopier /ˈfəʊtəʊ kɒpiə/ noun [C] - a machine which makes copies of
documents using a photographic process
фотокопировальная машина

63. Peg

1. (UK) coat peg/(US)


2. tuning peg/pin

3. clothes
4.

1. peg (HOOK) /peg/ noun [C] - a small stick or hook which sticks out from a sur-
face and from which objects, especially clothes, can hang
крючок
He took off his coat/hat and hung it on the peg. Он снял пальто и повесил его
(ее) на крючок вешалки.
2. tuning peg /ˈtjunɪŋ ˈpeg / noun [C] (also tuning pin) - a short wooden or metal
stick with a flat rounded end that is turned to make the strings on a musical
instrument tighter or looser
колок
3. clothes peg UK noun [C] (US clothes pin) - a device used for holding clothes
onto a clothes line while they dry
прищепка
There aren't enough pegs (also clothes pegs, ( US clothes pins) to hang all
this washing on the line. Для того, чтобы повесить все это белье на веревку,
прищепок недостаточно.

4. peg (FIXING DEVICE) noun [C] - a device which is used to fix something into a
particular place
100
колышек
Hammer the pegs (also tent pegs) firmly into the ground. Надежно забейте
колышки в землю.

64. Phrasal verbs 1

2. take something 4. bump


1. put something 3. stand

8. hang

5. turn something 6. sit 7. (UK) wash (sth)

12. get on
9. get off 10. wake up 11. turn something off
(something)

1. put something/somebody down (STOP HOLDING) phrasal verb [M] - to


put an object that you are holding onto the floor or onto another surface, or to
stop carrying someone
положить/опустить
I put my bags down while we spoke. Пока она говорила, я поставил сумки на
пол.
Put me down, Daddy! Опусти меня, папа!
2. take something off (REMOVE) phrasal verb [M] - to remove something, espe-
cially clothes
снять
He took off his clothes and got into the bath. Он снял одежду и забрался в ванну.
After the poisoning scare, the product was taken off the shelves/the market
(=removed from sale). После угрозы отравления продукт был снят с прилав-
ков рынка/ (= снят с продажи).
101
3. stand (VERTICAL) /stænd/ verb [I or T] (stood, stood) - to be in a vertical state
or to put into a vertical state, especially (of a person or animal) by straighten-
ing the legs
стоять/вставать/ставить
Granny says if she stands (up) for a long time her ankles hurt. Бабушка гово-
рит, что если она долго стоит, то у нее болят лодыжки.
As a sign of politeness you should stand (up) when she comes in. В знак
вежливости вы должны встать, когда она войдет.
Stand still and be quiet! Стойте смирно и сохраняйте тишину!
After the earthquake not a single building was left standing in the village. По-
сле землетрясения ни одно здание в деревне не устояло.
Stand the bottles on the table over there. Поставь бутылки на стол вон там.
4. bump (HIT) verb [I + adverb or preposition] - to hit something with force
натолкнуться
She bumped into his tray, knocking the food onto his lap. Она натолкнулась
на его поднос, сбив пищу ему на колени.
5, 11. turn (SWITCH) /tɜːn/ verb [I or T ; usually + adverb or preposition] - to use
a control to switch a piece of equipment or a power or water supply on or off,
or to increase or reduce what it is producing
включать/выключать; прибавлять/убавлять
Turn off/out the light. Выключи свет.
Who turned the telly on? Кто включил телевизор?
I asked him to turn down the heating. Я попросил его несколько убавить ото-
пление.
Turn the sound up - I can't hear what they're saying. Добавь звук – я не слышу,
что они говорят.
6. sit down (NOT STAND) phrasal verb - to move your body so that the lower part
of it is resting on a seat or on the ground
садиться
I sat down on the sofa next to Barbara. Я сел на диван рядом с Барбарой.
7. wash (something) up (PLATES) phrasal verb [M] - to clean the plates, pans,
and other things that you have used for cooking and eating
мыть посуду
He washed up his mug and put it back on the shelf. Он вымыл свою кружку и
поставил ее обратно на полку.
8. hang up (TELEPHONE) phrasal verb - to end a telephone conversation
вешать/класть трубку, прерывать разговор
He started shouting so I hung up (on him). Он начал кричать, поэтому я по-
ложила трубку.
Let me speak to Sarah before you hang up. Разреши, я поговорю с Сарой,
прежде чем ты положишь трубку.
9. get off (something) (VEHICLE) phrasal verb - to leave a train, bus or aircraft
покидать средство передвижения
Get off at Camden Town. Сойдите в Кэмден Тауне.
102
I tripped as I got off the bus. Я споткнулся, выходя из автобуса.
10. wake (somebody) up (STOP SLEEPING) phrasal verb [M] - to (cause to)
become conscious after sleeping
будить
Come on, wake up - breakfast is ready. Давай, просыпайся – завтрак готов.
He woke himself up with his own snoring! Он разбудил себя своим собствен-
ным храпом.
12. get on (something) (VEHICLE) phrasal verb - to go onto a bus, train, aircraft
or boat
садиться (на транспортное средство)
I think we got on the wrong bus. Я думаю, мы сели не на тот автобус.

65. Phrasal verbs 2

2. take off 4. set off


1. knock somebody
3. run

7. get up
5. tell off (WAKE)8. put something on
6. pick something up

1. Knock somebody/something down (MAKE FALL) phrasal verb [M] - to


cause someone or something to fall to the ground by hitting them
сбить с ног
2. take off (FLY) phrasal verb - If an aircraft, bird or insect takes off, it leaves the
ground and begins to fly
взлетать
The plane took off at 8.30 a.m. Самолет совершил взлет в 8.30 утра.
103
3. run away (LEAVE) phrasal verb - to leave a place or person secretly and sud-
denly
сбежать/убежать
He ran away from home when he was only 12. Он сбежал из дома, когда ему
было 12 лет.
Malcolm and my sister are planning to run away together to get married. Мел-
ком и моя сестра планируют сбежать вместе, чтобы пожениться.
4. set off/out (JOURNEY) phrasal verb - to start a journey
отправиться (в поездку)
What time will we have to set off for the station tomorrow?В какое время мы
должны завтра отправиться на вокзал?
Jenny set off down the road on her new bike. Дженни отправилась по дороге
на своем велосипеде.
They've just set off on a round-the-world cruise. Они только что отправи-
лись в кругосветное путешествие.
5. tell somebody off phrasal verb [M] - to speak angrily to someone because they
have done something wrong
сделать выговор/ругать
The teacher told me off for swearing. Учительница сделала мне выговор за
сквернословие.
6. pick somebody/something up (LIFT) phrasal verb [M] - to lift someone or
something using your hands
поднимать/брать на руки
If she starts to cry, pick her up and give her a cuddle. Если она начнет пла-
кать, возьми ее на руки и обними.
I picked up the kids' clothes that were lying on the floor. Я поднял одежду
детей, которая лежала на полу.
I went to pick up the phone/receiver, but it had stopped ringing. Я пошел сни-
мать/ брать трубку телефона, но он прекратил звенеть.
7. get (somebody) up (WAKE) phrasal verb - to wake up and get out of bed, or to
tell or help someone to do this
Вставать/поднимать (с постели после сна)
I got up at five o'clock this morning! Сегодня я встал в пять часов утра!
It's dreadful trying to get the kids up on school days. Это ужасно – пытаться
поднять детей в дни учебы.
8. put something on (COVER BODY) phrasal verb [M] - to cover part of the
body with clothes, shoes, make-up or something similar
Надевать/накладывать
Put your shoes on - we're going out. Надень ботинки/туфли – мы идем на
улицу/уходим.
He put on his jacket. Он надел пиджак/куртку.
She puts face cream on every night. Она накладывает крем на лицо каждый
вечер.
104
66. Pick

2. pickaxe
1. toothpick

3. plectrum

4. ice pick

1. toothpick /ˈtu:θpɪk/ noun [C] - a small thin pointed stick of wood, plastic or
metal which can be used for removing pieces of food from between the teeth,
especially after a meal
зубочистка
2. pickaxe, US pickax /ˈpɪkæks/ noun [C] (also pick) - a tool for breaking hard
surfaces, which has a long wooden handle and a curved metal bar with a sharp
point
киркомотыга
3. plectrum (plural plectrums or plectra) /ˈplektrəm/ noun [C] (INFORMAL pick)
- a small thin piece of plastic, metal, etc. which is held between the fingers
and thumb and used for playing instruments such as the guitar
медиатр/плектр
4. ice pick /ˈaɪs ˈpɪk/ noun [C] - a sharp tool for breaking large blocks of ice
ледоруб
105
67. Pipe

1. water

2. tobacco

3. panpipes

4. bagpipes

5. organ
1. pipe (TUBE) /paɪp/ noun [C] - a tube inside which liquid or gas flows from one
place to another
труба
a water/gas/sewer pipe – водопроводная/газовая/канализационная труба
a burst/fractured/leaking pipe – лопнувшая/треснувшая/текущая труба
2. pipe (TOBACCO) noun [C] - a short narrow tube with a small container at one
end, used for smoking especially tobacco
курительная трубка
I ordered some tea for myself and lit my pipe. Я заказал себе чай и зажег
трубку.
3. panpipes /ˈpænpaɪps/ plural noun - a musical instrument made of short tubes of
different lengths joined together, which you play by blowing across the open
ends
музыкальный инструмент из соединенных между собой коротких трубок
106
4. bagpipes /ˈbægpaɪps/ plural noun (also pipes) - a type of musical instrument,
played especially in Scotland and Ireland, from which you produce sound by
blowing air into a leather bag and forcing it out through pipes
волынка (музыкальный инструмент)
5. organ pipe (INSTRUMENT) noun [C] - one of the metal or wood tubes in an
organ through which air is pushed to make sound
органная трубка

68. Planes

2. rotor

4. stealth
1. transport 3. helicop- bomber

6. 7. jumbo
5. glider jet
8. aeroplane

9. engine
10. landing gear
11.

13. biplane
12. microlight 14. seaplane

1. transport plane noun [C] - an aircraft used especially for taking soldiers or mili-
tary supplies from one place to another
транспортный самолет
2. rotor /ˈrəʊtə/ noun [C] - a part of a machine that spins, especially the device
supporting the spinning blades of a helicopter
винт (самолета, вертолета)
3. helicopter /ˈhelɪkɒptə/ noun [C] - a type of aircraft without wings, that has one
or two sets of large blades which go round very fast on top. It can land and
take off vertically and can stay in one place in the air
107
вертолет
The injured were ferried to hospital by helicopter. Раненые были доставлены в
больницу на вертолете.
a helicopter pilot – пилот вертолета
4. stealth bomber noun [C] (also stealth fighter) - an aircraft which cannot be
seen on radar
невидимый бомбардировщик
5. glider ˈ/glaɪdə/ noun [C] - an aircraft without an engine and with long fixed
wings, which flies by gliding
планер
6. wing (STRUCTURE FOR FLYING) /wɪŋ/ noun [C] the flat part of the body
which a bird, insect or bat uses for flying, or one of the flat horizontal struc-
tures that stick out from the side of an aircraft and support it when it is flying
крыло
the delicacy of a butterfly's wings – изысканность/тонкость/утонченность
крыла бабочки
I don't like chicken wings - there's not much meat on them. Я не люблю кури-
ных крылышек – на них не много мяса.
I could see the plane's wing out of my window. Из окна самолета мне было
видно (= я мог видеть) крыло самолета.
7. jumbo jet noun [C] (INFORMAL jumbo) - a very large aircraft which can carry
a lot of people
реактивный самолет
8. aeroplane UK /ˈeərəpleɪn/ noun [C] (US airplane) - a vehicle designed for air
travel, which has wings and one or more engines
аэроплан
She has her own private aeroplane. У нее есть собственный личный аэро-
план.
9. engine noun [C] - a machine that uses the energy from liquid fuel or steam to
produce movement
двигатель
a jet engine – реактивный двигатель
a car engine – автомобильный двигатель
My car's been having engine trouble recently. Недавно/В последнее время у
моей машины проблемы с двигателем.
10. landing gear noun [U] (UK also undercarriage) - the set of wheels and other
parts which support a plane when it is on the ground and make it possible to
take off and land
шасси самолета
11. fighter (AIRCRAFT) /ˈfaɪtə/ noun [C] - a small fast military aircraft used for
chasing and destroying enemy aircraft
истребитель
a fighter plane/aircraft - самолет-истребитель/истребительная авиация
108
a fighter pilot –летчик самолета-истребителя
12. microlight /ˈmaɪkrəʊ ˈlaɪt/ noun [C] (also microlite) - an extremely light and
small aircraft with a very small engine, which carries only one or two people
сверхлегкий самолет
13. biplane /ˈbaɪpleɪn/ noun [C] - an old type of aircraft with two sets of wings,
one above the other
биплан
14. seaplane /ˈsi:pleɪn/ noun [C] - an aircraft that can take off from and land on
water
морской самолет (способный совершать взлет и посадку с водной поверхно-
сти)

69. Plug

1. British plug 4. travel

2. American plug

3. European plug

5.

6.

7. plug

9. bath/sink plug 8. double socket

10. plughole
109
1,2,3,7 plug /plʌg / (ELECTRICAL DEVICE) noun [C] - a small plastic or rubber
object with two or three metal pins which is fixed to the end of a wire on a
piece of electrical equipment, and which is pushed into a special opening in a
wall in order to connect the equipment to a supply of electricity
вилка (электрическая)
a three-pin/two-pin plug – трех/двухштырьковая вилка
to fit/change a plug – починить/заменить вилку
If a plug is wired incorrectly, it can be dangerous. Если вилка подсоединена
неправильно, это может быть опасно.

4. travel plug /ˈtrævəl ˈplʌg/ noun [C] - a plug that connects a piece of electrical
equipment brought from one country to the electricity supply in another when
they cannot be connected directly, used especially when traveling
электрическая переходная вилка

5. adapter /əˈdæptə/ (DEVICE), adaptor noun [C] - mainly UK a type of plug


(ELECTRICAL DEVICE) which makes it possible to connect two or more
pieces of equipment to the same electrical supply
адаптер/переходник

6, 8. socket /ˈsɒkɪt/ noun [C] - the part of a piece of equipment, especially electrical
equipment, into which another part fits
электрическая розетка/гнездо
an electrical socket – электрическая розетка
a light socket – розетка для света
He had forgotten to plug the television into the wall/mains socket. Он забыл
включить телевизор в сеть.
The air freshener plugs into a car's lighter socket. Освежитель воздуха вклю-
чается в автомобильное гнездо для прикуривателя.

9. plug (FOR HOLE) noun [C] - a round piece of rubber or plastic that fits into the
hole in a sink or a bath
пробка/затычка
a bath plug – пробка/затычка для ванны
Put the plug in the sink and run some water. Вставьте затычку в раковину и
спустите немного воды.

10. plughole /ˈplʌghəʊl/ noun [C] - a hole in a bath, sink, etc. through which wa-
ter flows away and into which you can put a plug
отверстие для слива
110

70. Rack

2. bath

1. roof

3. plate rack 5. wine


rack
4, rack

6. toast rack
8. luggage rack

7. plate rack
9. CD rack
1. roof rack /ˈru:f ˈræk/ noun [C] - a frame fixed on top of the roof of a vehicle, for
carrying large objects
багажник на крыше автомобиля
2. bath rack /ˈbɑ:θ ˈræk/ noun [C] - a set of metal bars or an open plastic container
which is put across a bath and used to hold washing equipment such as soap
полка на ванне
3. plate rack /ˈpleɪt ˈræk/ noun [C usually singular] (US usually dish rack) - a
frame in which plates can be put vertically, especially so that they can dry af-
ter being washed
полка для сушки/сушилка для посуды
4, 7, 9. rack (FRAME) noun [C] - a frame or shelf, often formed of bars, which is
used to hold things
полка/подставка/вешалка для вещей
a vegetable rack – полка для овощей
111
a plate rack – полка для тарелок
a luggage rack – полка для багажа
5. wine rack /ˈwaɪn ræk/ noun [C] - a wooden or metal frame used to store bottles
of wine horizontally
стеллаж для бутылок
6. toast rack /ˈtəʊst ˈræk / noun [C] - a device for holding pieces of toast which
supports them vertically
подставка для тостов
8. luggage rack /ˈˈlʌgɪdʒ ˈræk / noun [C] mainly UK - a shelf on a train or a bus on
which you can put your bags and cases
полка для багажа
71. Rail
2. (UK) clothes rail/(US) clothes
3. towel

1. picture rail

4. railway

5. handrail
6. curtain rail

1. picture rail /ˈpɪktʃə ˈreɪl/- a horizontal piece of wood placed high on a wall from
which pictures can be hung
карниз для развешивания картин
112
2. rail (ROD) /reɪl/ noun [C] - a horizontal bar fixed in position, especially to a wall
or to vertical posts, used to enclose something, as a support, or to hang things
on
поперечина/перекладина/ограждение/вешалка
Will spectators please stay behind the rail? Просьба зрителям оставаться за
ограждением.
Hold onto the rail so that you don't fall. Чтобы не упасть, держитесь за по-
ручни/перила.
The (clothes) rail in her wardrobe was crammed full of dresses. Вешалка ее
гардероба была напичкана платьями
He folded the towels neatly and hung them on the towel rail/US rack. Он свернул по-
лотенца и повесил их на вешалку.

3. towel rail /ˈtaʊəl ˈreɪl/ UK noun [C] (US towel rack) - a horizontal bar on the
wall, or a frame with a horizontal bar, used to hang towels on
вешалка для полотенца
We have a heated towel rail in our bathroom. У нас в ванной подогреваемая
вешалка для полотенец.

4. railway /ˈreɪlweɪ/ UK noun [C] (US railroad) - the metal tracks on which trains
run
железнодорожная линия/путь/дорога
We live close to the railway line. Мы живем близко/неподалеку от железнодо-
рожной линии.
She travelled across Siberia on the Trans-Siberian railway. Она ехала через
Сибирь по Транссибирской магистрали/железной дороге.

5. curtain rail /ˈkɜ:tən ˈreɪl/ noun [C] - a fixed strip of plastic or metal from which a
curtain hangs
карниз для занавесок/занавеса
The audience was still laughing as the curtain fell. Публика все еще смеялась,
когда опустился занавес.

6. handrail /ˈhændreɪl/ noun [C] - a long narrow bar of wood or metal which
people can hold on to for support, especially when going up or down stairs
перила/поручень
113
72. Ring

1. ring on

2. (UK) electric ring/(US)


3.

5. key ring

4. (UK) ring road/(US)

6. boxing ring
1. ring /rɪŋ/ (CIRCLE) noun [C] - a circular piece of jewellery worn especially on
your finger
кольцо
He bought her a diamond/emerald/etc. ring (= a ring with a jewel fixed to it).
Он купил ей кольцо с брильянтом/изумрудом и т. п. (= кольцо с драгоценным
камнем).
2. ring (CIRCLE) noun [C] (US usually element) - a circular piece of material of-
ten made of metal that can be heated in order to be used for cooking
горелка на кухонной плите
a gas ring – газовая горелка
an electric ring – электрическая горелка
3. town /taʊn/ noun - a town or city, rather than the countryside
город
I've always lived in the town. Я всегда жил в городе.
4. ring road /ˈrɪŋ ˈrəʊd/ UK noun [C] (US usually beltway) - a main road that
goes around the edge of a town, allowing traffic to avoid the town centre
кольцевая дорога
114
5. key ring /ˈkɪ: ˈrɪŋ/ noun [C] - a metal or plastic ring used for keeping your keys
together
брелок для ключей
6. boxing ring /ˈbɒksɪŋ ˈrɪŋ / noun [C usually singular] - a small enclosed area
where boxers compete
боксерский ринг

73. Scales

1, 2. scales

3. fish scales

4. scale on a map

5. musical scale
6. scales used in hospitals

1, 2, 6. scales /skeɪlz/ plural noun UK (US scale) - a device for weighing things
or people
весы
kitchen/bathroom scales - кухонные/банные весы
3. scale (SKIN) /skeɪl/ noun [C usually plural] - one of the many very small
flat pieces which cover the skin of fish, snakes etc.
чешуя
4. scale (MEASURE) noun [C or U] the relation between the real size of some-
thing and its size on a map, model or diagram
115
масштаб
a scale of 1:50 000 – масштаб 1:50 000
This map is large scale (= things are shown in detail). Эта карта крупного
масштаба (= предметы показаны в деталях)
Is the bridge drawn to scale (= so that it shows the exact shape of the
bridge, but much smaller)? Мост изображен/нарисован в масштабе (=
так, что показана точная форм, но меньших размеров)?
He was building a scale model of Concorde. Он строил уменьшенную в мас-
штабе модель самолета Конкорд.
5. scale (MUSIC) noun [C] - a set of notes played or sung in order, going up or
down the scale of С major
гамма (музыкальный термин)
74. Sharp

1. sharp bend

3. sharp 2. sharp end

4. flat
1. sharp (SUDDEN) /ʃɑ:p/ adjective - happening suddenly, quickly and strongly
внезапный/резкий/крутой
a sharp drop in temperature – резкое падение температуры
a sharp decline in the standard of living – резкое радение уровня жизни
a sharp rise/increase in the number of cases of this illness – резкий подъ-
ем/падение числа случаев этого заболевания
a sharp bend in the road- крутой поворот дороги
to suffer a sharp blow to the head – испытать резкий удар по голове
2. sharp (ABLE TO CUT) adjective - having a thin edge or point which can cut
something or make a hole in something
116
острый
a knife with a sharp edge/blade – нож с острым краем/лезвием
sharp teeth/claws/fingernails – острые зубы/когти/ногти
The point of this pencil isn't sharp enough. Острие этого карандаша не очень
острое.
3. sharp (MUSIC) adjective, adverb - higher than the correct or stated musical
note
высокая нота/высоко
to sing sharp- петь высоко
4. flat (MUSIC) /flæt/ adjective, adverb (flatter, flattest) (in music) - lower than a
particular note or the correct note
низкая нота/низко
She sang flat throughout the song (= all the notes she sang were too low).
Всю песнь она спела низко (= все ноты, которые она пела, были низкими).
75. Ships and boats

1.
2. tanker

3. warship

5. hovercraft
4. canoe

6. cruise ship

7. submarine
8. ferry (boat)

9. rowing 10. yacht 11. motorboat


1. trawler /ˈtrɔ:lə/ noun [C] - a large boat that uses a wide cone-shaped net to catch
fish
117
траулер/рыболовецкое судно
2. tanker /ˈtæŋkə/ noun [C] - a ship or vehicle which is built to carry liquid or gas
Танкер/судно для перевозки жидких грузов
an oil tanker – нефтеналивное судно
3. warship /ˈwɔ:ʃɪp/ noun [C] - a ship equipped with guns, for use in war
военный корабль
4. canoe /kəˈnu:/ noun [C] - a small light narrow boat, pointed at both ends and
moved using a paddle (= a short pole with a flat blade)
каноэ
5. hovercraft /ˈhɒvəkrɑ:t/ noun [C] (plural hovercrafts or hovercraft) - a vehicle
which flies over land or water by keeping close to the surface and producing a
current of air under it to support it
судно на воздушной подушке
6. cruise ship /ˈkru:z ˈʃɪp/ / noun [C] (also cruise liner) a large ship like a hotel,
which people travel on for pleasure
7. submarine /sʌbməˈri:n/ noun [C] (informal sub) - a ship which can travel under
water
подводная лодка
a nuclear submarine – ядерная подводная лодка
a submarine base – база подводных лодок
a submarine commander – командир подводной лодки
8. ferry (boat) /ˈferi ˈbəʊt/ noun [C] - a boat or ship for taking passengers and often
vehicles across an area of water, especially as a regular service
паром
a car ferry – паром для перевозки автомобилей
We're going across to France by/on the ferry. Мы поедем во Францию на па-
роме.
We took the ferry to Calais. Мы сели на паром до Коласа.
9. rowing boat /ˈrəʊɪŋ ˈbəʊt/ UK noun [C] (US rowboat) - a small boat that is
moved by pulling oars through the water
гребная лодка
10. yacht /jɒt/ noun [C] - a boat with sails and sometimes an engine, used for either
racing or travelling on for pleasure
яхта
a luxury yacht – роскошная яхта
the yacht club - яхт-клуб
11. motorboat /ˈməʊtəbəʊt/ noun [C] - a usually small and often fast boat which is
powered by an engine
моторная лодка
118
76. Skate

1. skate

2. Rollerblades

3. ice skate

4. skate

5. roller skate

1. skateboard /ˈskeɪt bɔ:d/ noun [C] - a flat narrow board with two small wheels
under each end, which a person stands on and moves forward by pushing one
foot on the ground
скейтборд
2. Rollerblade /ˈrəʊləbleɪd/ noun [C] (US also in-line skate) TRADEMARK -
one of two boots with a single row of small wheels on the bottom which you
wear in order to travel along quickly for enjoyment
(Rollerblades) однорядные роликовые коньки (по названию торговой марки)
3. ice skate /ˈaɪs ˈskeɪt/ noun [C] - a special shoe with a thin metal bar fixed to the
bottom that you wear to move quickly on ice
конек для катания на льду
4. skate (FISH) /skeɪt/ noun [C or U] (plural skate or skates) - a large flat sea fish,
which can be eaten as food
скат
5. roller skate /ˈrɒlə ˈskeɪt/ noun [C] a type of boot with four wheels on the bot-
tom which you wear in order to travel along quickly for enjoyment
роликовый конек
119

77. Skeleton

1. skull
2. collar ne/clavicle
3. breastbone/sternum
4. ribs/rib
5. humerus

6. spine/backbone
7. radius

8. femur

9. shinbone/tibia

1. skull /skʌl/ noun [C] - the bones of the head, which surround the brain and give
the head its shape
череп
The soldiers discovered a pile of human skulls and bones. Солдаты обнару-
жили груду человеческих черепов и костей.
2. collarbone /ˈkɒləbəʊn/ noun [C] (SPECIALIZED clavicle) - a bone between
your shoulder and neck on each side of your body
ключица
3. breastbone /ˈbrestbəʊn/ noun [C] - the long, flat vertical bone in the centre of
your chest
грудная кость/грудина
4. rib (BONE) noun [C] - a bone that curves round from your back to your chest
ребро
My son broke a rib when he fell off a ladder. Мой сын сломал ребро, когда
упал с лестницы.
120
5. humerus /ˈhju:mərəs/ noun [C] (plural humeri) - the long bone in the upper half
of your arm, between your shoulder and your elbow (= the middle part of the
arm where it bends)
кость предплечья
6. spine (BONE) /spaɪn/ noun [C] - the line of bones down the centre of the back
that provides support for the body and protects the spinal cord
спинной хребет, позвоночник
She injured her spine in a riding accident. Она повредила позвоночник в ре-
зультате несчастного случая при езде верхом.
7. radius /ˈreɪdiəs/ noun [C] (plural radii) - the thicker of the two bones in the
lower arm
лучевая кость
8. femur /ˈfɪ:mə/ noun [C] (plural femurs or femora) - the long bone in the upper
part of the leg
бедро
9. shinbone /ˈʃɪnbəʊn/ noun [C] (SPECIALIZED tibia) - the bone at the front of
your leg, between the knee and the foot
большеберцовая кость
78. Spine

1. spine (human backbone)


2. spines of a hedge-
hog

3. spine of a book

1. spine (BONE) /spaɪn/ noun [C] - the line of bones down the centre of the back
that provides support for the body and protects the spinal cord
позвоночник
He suffered a sharp pain in2.his spine
spines of aafter a car accident. Он испытывал
острую боль в позвоночнике после автомобильной аварии.
121
2. spine (POINT) noun [C] - a long sharp needle-like point growing out of an ani-
mal such as a hedgehog or a plant such as a cactus
колючка
3. spine (BOOK PART) noun [C] - the narrow strip where the cover of a book is
joined to the pages, usually with the title and writer's name printed on it
корешок
spine/bending edge – корешок книги

79. Sports 1

1. (UK)football/(US) 2. (American) football 3. tennis


4. caddie,

6. cricket

5. golf

7. basketball
8. hockey/(US) field hockey

1. football /ˈfʊtbɔ:l/ noun UK (UK and US soccer) [U] - a game played between
two teams of eleven people, where each team tries to win by kicking a ball
into the other team's goal
футбол
a football player- футболист
122
2. American football UK noun [U] (US football) - a game for two teams of eleven
players in which an oval ball is moved along the field by running with it or
throwing it
американский футбол
3. tennis /ˈtenɪs/ noun [U] - a game played between two or four people on a spe-
cially marked playing area which involves hitting a small ball across a central
net
теннис
4. caddie, caddy /ˈkædɪ/ noun [C] - a person who carries the equipment for some-
one who is playing golf
мальчик, подносящий клюшки и мячи мяч при игре в гольф
5. golf /gɒlf/ noun [U] - a game played outside on grass in which each player tries
to hit a small ball into a series of nine or 18 small holes, using a long thin stick
гольф (игра)
We often play a round (= game) of golf at the weekend. В выходные мы часто
играем партию в гольф.
6. cricket (GAME) /ˈkrɪkɪt/ noun [U] - a sport in which two teams of eleven play-
ers try to score runs by hitting a small hard leather-covered ball with a bat,
and running between two sets of small wooden
крикет (игра)
7. basketball /ˈbɑ:skɪtbɔ:l/ noun [C or U] (a ball used in) - a game played by two
teams of five men or six women who score points by throwing a large ball
through an open net hanging from a metal ring
баскетбол
8. hockey /ˈhɑkɪ/ noun [U] UK (US field hockey) - a game played on a sports field
between two teams of eleven players who each have a curved stick with which
they try to put a small hard ball into the other team's goal
хоккей
123
80. Sports 2

3. (UK) ice hockey/(US)

1. base- 2. table tennis/Ping-

5. swim-
4. skiing 6. hur-

9. dis-
8. run-

7. rugby 10. the long


1. baseball /ˈbeɪsbɔ:l/ noun [C or U] (the ball used in) - a game played espe-
cially in North America by two teams of nine players, in which a player hits a
ball with a bat and tries to run around four bases on a large field before the
other team returns the ball
бейсбол
Jake never played baseball like the other kids. Джо, в отличие от других
детей, никогда не играл в бейсбол.
2. table tennis /ˈteɪbl ˈtennis/ noun [U] - a game which is played on a large table
where two or four players hit a ball over a low net
3. ice hockey /ˈaɪs ˈhɒkɪ/ noun [U] (US also hockey) a game played on ice be-
tween two teams of players who each have a curved stick with which they try
to put a puck (= a small hard disc) into the other team's goal
настольный теннис
124
4. skiing /ski:ɪŋ/ noun [U] the activity or sport of moving on skis
a skiing trip - лыжная экскурсия
a skiing instructor – инструктор по лыжам
5. swim /swɪm/ (MOVE IN WATER) verb [I or T] swimming, swam, swum - to
move through water by moving the body or parts of the body
плавать/купаться
We spent the day on the beach but it was too cold to go swimming. Мы про-
вели день на пляже, но купаться было слишком холодно.
Her ambition is to swim (across) the English Channel. Предметом ее жела-
ний является переплыть через Английский пролив (Пролив Ла-Манш).
I swam two miles this morning. Сегодня утром я проплыл две мили.
6. hurdles /hɜ:dl ̩z/ plural noun - a race in which people or horses jump over hur-
dles
бег с препятствиями
the 400-metres hurdles – 400 метров с препятствиями
7. rugby /ˈrʌgbɪ/ noun [U] (FORMAL rugby football) - a sport where two teams
try to score points by carrying an oval ball across a particular line or kicking it
over and between an H-shaped set of posts
регби
8. run /rʌn/ (GO QUICKLY) verb running, ran, run [I or T] (of people and some
animals) - to move along, faster than walking, by taking quick steps in which
each foot is lifted before the next foot touches the ground [+ to infinitive]
бегать
The children had to run to keep up with their father. Детям пришлось бежать
бегом, чтобы не отстать от отца.
I can run a mile in 5 minutes. Я могу пробежать милю за пять минут.
A little girl ran up to me, crying for her daddy. Ко мне подбежала маленькая
девочка, плача и зовя своего папу.
Are you running against each other or against the clock? Вы бежите на
спор, кто быстрее, или на время?
9. discus /ˈdɪskəs/ noun [C] - the discus the event or sport in which a discus is
thrown as far as possible
метание диска
10. the long jump /ðə ˈlɔ:ŋ ˈdʒʌmp/ noun [S] (US also the broad jump) - a
sports event in which a person runs up to a mark and then jumps as far for-
ward as they can
прыжки в длину
125
81. Sports 3

1. bow (WEAPON) /bəʊ/ noun [C] - a weapon for shooting arrows, made of a long
thin piece of wood bent into a curve by a tightly stretched string
лук (оружие)
bow and arrows – лук и стрелы
2. arrow /ˈærəʊ/ noun [C] - a weapon that is like a long thin stick with a sharp point
at one end and often feathers at the other, shot from a bow
стрела (оружие)
Robin Hood asked to be buried where his arrow landed. Робин Гуд попросил
похоронить его в том месте, куда упала стрела.
3. target (OBJECT FIRED AT) /ˈtɑ:gɪt/ noun [C] - an object fired at during shoot-
ing practice, often a circle with a pattern of rings, or any object or place at
which bullets, bombs, etc. are aimed
мишень/цель
I had four shots but I didn't even hit the target. Я сделал четыре выстрела, но
даже не попал в цель.
126
Any major airport or station is potentially a terrorist target. Любой важный аэ-
ропорт является потенциальной целью для террористов.
4. archery /ˈɑ:tʃəri/ noun [U] - the art or sport of shooting arrows
стрельба из лука (вид спорта)
5. judo /ˈdʒu:dəʊ/ noun [U] - a sport in which two people fight using their arms and
legs and hands and feet, and try to throw each other to the ground
дзюдо
He's a black belt (= has the highest level of skill) in/at judo. У него черный по-
яс (= высший уровень мастерства) по дзюдо.
6. boxing /ˈbɒksɪŋ/ noun [U] - a sport in which two competitors fight by hitting
each other with their hands
бокс
Many doctors believe that boxing is too dangerous and should be banned.
Многие врачи считают, что бокс слишком опасен и должен быть запрещен.
He's a former world heavyweight boxing champion. Он – бывший чемпион по
боксу в тяжелом весе.
7. wrestling /ˈreslɪŋ/ noun [U] - a sport where two people fight and try to throw
each other to the ground
борьба (вид спорта)
8. karate /kərɑ:ti/ noun [U] - a sport originally from Japan in which people fight
using their arms, legs, hands and feet. The level of skill a person has is shown
by what colour belt they wear
каратэ
9. gymnastics /ˈdʒɪmnæstɪks/ noun [U] physical exercises and activities per-
formed inside, often using equipment such as bars and ropes which are in-
tended to increase the body's strength and the ability to move and bend easily
уимнастика/упражнения
the U.S. women's gymnastics team – сборная команда США по гимнастике
FIGURATIVE Legal arguments require incredible mental/verbal gymnastics
(= the ability to think/speak cleverly and quickly). Юридические доказательст-
ва требуют невероятной умственных упражений/словесной гимнастики (спо-
собности думать/говорить умно и быстро) .
10. skateboarding /ˈskeɪtbɔ:dɪŋ/ noun [U] - the activity or sport of riding a
skateboard.
катанье на скейтборде
127
82. Sports 4

1. jockey (RIDER) /ˈdʒɒki/ noun [C] - a person whose job is riding horses
in racesa champion jockey
жокей/наездник
2. horse racing /ˈhɔ:s ˈreɪsɪŋ/ noun [U] - a sport in which people race on horses,
usually to win money for the horses' owners
скачки на лошадях
3. rider /ˈraɪdə/ noun [C] - a person who travels along on a horse or bicycle
всадник/наездник
One of the riders was thrown off his horse. Одного из всадников/наездников
сбросила лошадь.
4. horse riding /ˈhɔ:s ˈraɪdɪŋ/ UK noun [U] (US horseback riding) - the sport
or activity of riding a horse
128
верховая езда
5. surfboard /ˈsɜ:fbɔ:d/ noun [C] - a long narrow board made of wood or plastic
which is used for riding on waves as they come in towards the beach
доска для серфинга
6. surfing /ˈsɜ:fɪŋ/ noun [U] - the sport of riding on a wave on a special board
серфинг
7. rollerblade /rəʊləbleɪd/ verb [I] - to move on a surface, using Rollerblades
кататься на роликовых коньках
I saw him rollerblading round the park. Я видел, как он катался на роликовых
коньках по парку.
Shall we go rollerblading? Пойдем кататься на роликовых коньках?
8. Rollerblades /ˈrəʊləbleɪd/ noun [C] (US also in-line skate) TRADEMARK -
one of two boots with a single row of small wheels on the bottom which you
wear in order to travel along quickly for enjoyment
роликовые коньки
9. bungee jumping, bungy jumping /ˈbʌndʒi ˈdʒʌmpɪŋ/ noun [U] - the sport
of jumping off a very high bridge or similar structure, with a long elastic rope
tied to your legs, so that the rope pulls you back before you hit the ground
прыжки на пружинном тросе
10. white-water rafting /ˈwaɪt ˈwɔ:tə ˈrɑ:ftɪŋ/ noun [U] - the activity of being
moved quickly in a raft (= small, air-filled boat) along rivers where the current
is very strong
рафтинг
11. climbing /ˈklaɪmɪŋ/ noun [U] - the sport of climbing mountains
скалолазание
Chris has just taken up climbing. Крис только что начал заниматься скало-
лазанием.
He needs some climbing boots. Ему нужны ботинки для скалолазания.
129
83. Stick

2. stick of dynamite

1. gear lever

3. stick (insect)
4. walking stick

5. stick

1. gear lever /ˈgɪə ˈlevə/ noun [C] (also gear stick) UK - a metal rod that you use
to change gear in a car or other vehicle
переключатель скоростей
2. stick /stɪk/ (THIN PIECE) noun [C] - a stick of something is a long thin piece of
it
палочка
3. Stick (insect) noun [C] - a large insect with a long thin body and legs
тонкое насекомое с длинным телом и ногами
4. stick (THIN PIECE) noun [C] - a thin piece of wood
сучок
The old man was carrying a load of sticks. Старик/Пожилой мужчина нес
охапку сучьев.
5. stick (THIN PIECE) noun [C] mainly UK - a long, thin wooden pole that espe-
cially old or injured people use to help them walk
палочка/трость
a walking stick – трость, палочка для опоры при ходьбе
At 84 he's still quite active, although he walks with the aid of a stick. В свои
84 года он все еще довольно активен, хотя и ходит с помощью палочки.
130
84. Trunk

1. trunk

2. trunk (of a tree)

3. swimming trunks

1. trunk (of a per-

5. trunk (luggage) 6. trunk road

1. trunk (NOSE) /trʌŋk/ noun [C] - an elephant's nose which is long, shaped like a
tube and can bend easily
хобот слона
2. trunk (MAIN PART) noun [C] - the thick main stem of a tree, from which its
branches
5. grow
trunk (luggage) 6. trunk
ствол дерева
3. trunks /trʌŋks/ plural noun (UK also swimming trunks) - a piece of men's cloth-
ing that covers the hips and bottom and the top part of the legs and is worn
when swimming
плавки
4. trunk (MAIN PART) noun [C] - the main part of a person's body, not including
the head, legs or arm.
туловище/тело
He's got a thick trunk. У него грузное тело.
5. trunk (CASE) noun [C] - a large strong case that is used for storing clothes and
personal possessions, often when travelling or going to live in a new place
131
чемодан
6. trunk road /ˈtrʌŋk ˈrəʊd/ noun [C] UK - an important road for travelling long
distances at high speed, which is suitable for large vehicles and a lot of traffic
магистраль
85. Vegetables 1
1. (UK)courgette /(US)

2. garlic 3. potato

5. okra
4. cabbage
7. ginger 8. onion
6.
11. auber-
9. beet- 10. broad
beans
12. globe artichoke
13. tur-

14. broccoli

15. marrow
16.

17. cauliflower 20.


18. brussels 19. parsnip 21. celeriac
sprout

1. courgette UK /ˈkɔ:dʒet/ noun [C] (US zucchini) - a long thin vegetable with
a dark green skin. It is a type of small marrow.
молодой кабачок; кабачок мелких сортов; цуккини
2. garlic /ˈgɑ:.lɪk/ noun [U] - a plant of the onion family that has a strong taste and
smell and is used in cooking to add flavour
чеснок
For this recipe you need four cloves of garlic, crushed. Для этого рецепта
вам потребуются четыре зубка чеснока, раздавленного.
a garlic bulb- головка чеснока
132
3. potato /pəˈteɪtəʊ/ noun [C or U] (plural potatoes) - a round vegetable which
grows underground and has white flesh with light brown, red or pink skin, or
the plant on which these grow
картофель
boiled/roasted/fried potato – вареный/печеный/жареный картофель
mashed potatoes – мятый картофель
4. cabbage /ˈkæbɪdʒ/ noun [C or U] - a large round vegetable with large green,
white or purple leaves, which can be eaten cooked or raw
капуста
a savoy cabbage – савойская капуста
red/white cabbage – красная/белая капуста
5. okra /ˈəʊkrə/ noun [U] (US also gumbo) - the small green pods from a tropical
plant eaten as a vegetable or used to thicken soups and other dishes, or the
plant itself
а) бамия, гомбо, окра (однолетнее растение семейства мальвовых;
б) плоды бамии, гомбо, окры (употребляются в пищу как овощи; добавляются в
супы и соусы)
6. beansprouts /ˈbɪ:n ˈsprəʊt/ noun [C] - beans that have just started to grow and
are eaten as vegetables
бобы; фасоль
7. ginger (SPICE) /ˈdʒɪndʒə/ noun [U] - the spicy root of a tropical plant which is
used in cooking or eaten preserved in sugar
имбирь
ground (= powdered) ginger – молотый (= порошковый) имбирь
Add a little grated fresh root ginger to the mixture, if you wish. По желанию,
добавьте немного тертого свежего корня имбиря.
Chop the coriander leaves and mix with the ginger. Нарежьте листья кори-
андра и смешайте их с имбирем.
In a medium pan cover ginger with cold water and add salt. В сковороде сред-
него размера покройте имбирь водой и добавьте соль.
Place ginger on a wire rack to dry for at least an hour. Положите имбирь
подсохнуть на проволочную сетку по крайней мере на час
8. onion /ˈʌnjən/ noun [C or U] - a vegetable with a strong smell and flavour, made
up of several layers surrounding each other tightly in a round shape, usually
brown or red on the outside and white inside
лук
I always cry when I'm chopping onions. Я всегда плачу, когда режу лук.
Fry the onion and garlic for about two minutes. Обжарьте лук и чеснок в те-
чение примерно двух минут.
9. beetroot UK /ˈbi:tru:t/ noun [C or U] (US usually beet) - the small round dark
red root of a plant, which is eaten cooked as a vegetable, especially cold in
salads
133
свекла
10. broad bean /ˈbrɔ:d ˈbɪ:n/ noun [C] - a large round edible pale green bean
большие бобы/фасоль
11. aubergine UK /ˈəʊbəʒi:n/ noun [C] (US eggplant) - an oval purple vegeta-
ble which is white inside and which is usually eaten cooked
кабачок
Chop the red pepper and mushrooms and arrange on the aubergines. На-
режьте красный перец и грибы и положите их на баклажаны.
12. globe artichoke /ˈgləʊb ˈɑ:tɪʃəʊk/ noun [C] - a plant which has a round mass
of pointed leaf-like parts, which are eaten as a vegetable, surrounding its
flower
шаровидный артишок
13. turnip /ˈtɜ:nɪp/ noun [C] - a rounded white root which is eaten cooked as a
vegetable, or the plant which produces it
репа/турнепс
15. broccoli /ˈbrɒkəli/ noun [U] - a vegetable with a thick green stem and a tree-
like dark green top
броколли/капуста спаржевая
16. marrow (VEGETABLE) UK /ˈmærəʊ/ noun [C or U] (mainly US squash) - a
long round vegetable with a thick green or yellow skin, white flesh and a lot
of seeds at its centre
кабачок
16. pod (PLANT PART) /pɒd/ noun [C] - a long, narrow, flat part of some plants,
such as beans and peas, which contains the seeds and usually has a thick skin
стручок
seed pods – стручки с семенами
a pea/vanilla pod – стручок гороха/ванили
17. cauliflower /ˈkɒlɪflaʊər/ noun [C or U] (UK INFORMAL cauli) - a large
round white vegetable which is eaten cooked or raw
цветная капуста
18. brussels sprout /ˈbrʌsəlz ˈspraʊt/ noun [C] (UK also sprout) - a green vege-
table like a very small cabbage that is boiled and eaten
брюссельская капуста
19. parsnip /ˈpɑ:snɪp/ noun [C or U] - a long cream-coloured root of a plant, eaten
as a vegetable
пастернак/дикая морковь
boiled/roasted parsnip – вареный/печеный пастернак
20. swede mainly UK /swɪ:d/ noun [C or U] (US usually rutabaga) - a round
vegetable with dark yellow flesh and a brown or purple skin
брюква
134
21. celeriac /ˈsəleriɪæk/ noun [U] - a type of celery (= a vegetable) with a large
round white edible root
разновидность сельдерея

86. Vegetables 2
4. yam

5. sweet potato
6. carrot
1. leek 2. asparagus 7. mushroom
3. pumpkin
8. green

9. sweetcorn 11. pepper


10. celery

12. cucumber

15. spring onion


13. lettuce 14. fennel 16. tomato

1. leek /li:k/ noun [C] - a vegetable which looks like a white stick with long green
leaves on top and which tastes and smells like an onion
лук-порей
2. asparagus /əsˈpærəgəs/ noun [U] - a plant with pale green juicy stems that are
cooked and eaten as a vegetable
спаржа
asparagus spears – побеги спаржи
3. pumpkin /ˈpʌmpkɪn/ noun [C or U] - a large round vegetable with hard yellow
or orange flesh
тыква
pumpkin pie – тыквенный пирог
135
4. yam /jæm/ noun [C or U] - an edible potato-like root from a tropical climbing
plant, or the plant it grows from
ямс/батат (сладкий картофель
5. sweet potato /ˈswi:t pəˈteɪtəʊ/ noun [C] (also yam) - a pinkish brown or or-
ange-coloured vegetable with yellow or white flesh and a sweet taste
сладккий картофель
6. carrot (VEGETABLE) /ˈkærət/ noun [C or U] - a long pointed orange root eaten
as a vegetable
морковь
7. mushroom /ˈmʌʃru:m/ noun [C] - a fungus with a round top and short stem.
Some types of mushroom can be eaten
гриб
wild/cultivated mushrooms – дикие/культурные грибы
dried/grilled/stuffed/sliced mushrooms – сушеные/приготовленные на гри-
ле/фаршированные/резаные грибы
For this recipe choose mushrooms with large caps. Для этого рецепта выбе-
рите грибы с большими шляпками.
Unfortunately some poisonous mushrooms look like edible mushrooms. К
сожалению, некоторые ядовитые грибы похожи на съедобные грибы.
8. green bean /ˈgri:n ˈbi:n/ noun [C] (UK also French bean) - a type of long,
green, edible bean
зеленая фасоль
9. sweetcorn /ˈswi:tkɔ:n/ noun [U] (US usually corn) - the yellow seeds of a par-
ticular type of the maize plant, which is eaten as a vegetable
кукуруза
10. celery /ˈseləri/ noun [U] - a vegetable with long thin whitish or pale green
stems which can be eaten raw or cooked
сельдерей
a stick of celery- корень сельдерея
11. pepper (VEGETABLE) /ˈpepə/ noun [C] a vegetable that is usually green, red
or yellow, has a rounded shape and is hollow with seeds in the middle
перец
a red/green pepper – красный/зеленый перец
Peppers are usually cooked with other vegetables or eaten raw in salads. Перцы
обычно готовят с другими овощами или едят сырыми в салатах.
Red peppers are ideal for roasting in the oven. Красный перец идеален для запека-
ния в духовке.
12. cucumber /ˈkju:kʌm.bər/ noun [C or U] a long thin pale-green vegetable with
dark green skin, usually eaten raw in salads
огурец
13. lettuce /ˈletɪs/ noun [C or U] - a plant with large green leaves, eaten raw in sal-
ads
136
салат-латук
14. fennel /ˈfenəl/ noun [U] - a plant with a large rounded base that is eaten as a
vegetable and small pale leaves that are used as a herb
фенхель (сладкий укроп)
15. spring onion /ˈspring ˈʌnɪən/ UK noun [C] (US green onion) a long thin
green and white onion that is often eaten raw
зеленый лук
16. tomato /təˈmɑ:təʊ/ noun [C or U] (plural tomatoes) - a round red sharp-tasting
fruit with a lot of seeds which is eaten cooked or raw as a savoury food
помидор

87. Wing

1a. West wing 1b. East wing

2. aircraft wing 3. (UK) wing/(US)

4. a bird’s wing

5. wing (theatre)

1. wing (PART OF BUILDING) /wɪŋ/ noun [C] - a part of a large building which
sticks out from the main part, often having been added at a later date
крыло (здания)
The maternity ward will be in the new wing of the hospital. Материнский по-
кой/ палата будет в новом крыле больницы.
137
The west wing of the house is still lived in by Lord and Lady Carlton, while
the rest of the house is open to the public. В западном крыле дома по-
прежнему живут лорд и леди Карлтон, в то время как остальная часть дома
открыта для публики.
2. wing (STRUCTURE FOR FLYING) /wɪŋ/ noun [C] - one of the flat horizontal
structures that stick out from the side of an aircraft and support it when it is
flying
крыло самолета
I could see the plane's wing out of my window. Из своего окна я мог видеть
крыло самолета.
3. wing (PART OF CAR) UK /wɪŋ/ noun [C] (US fender) - one of the four parts
at the side of a car which go over the wheels
крыло (часть кузова автомобиля)
There's a dent in the left wing. На левом крыле есть вмятина.
Look in your wing mirror. Посмотри в левое боковое зеркало.
4. wing (STRUCTURE FOR FLYING) /wɪŋ/ noun [C] - the flat part of the body
which a bird, insect or bat uses for flying
крыло (птицы, насекомого)
the delicacy of a butterfly's wings – утонченность/изысканность крыльев ба-
бочки
I don't like chicken wings - there's not much meat on them. Я не люблю кури-
ные крылышки – на них не много мяса.
5. the wings plural noun - the sides of a stage which cannot be seen by the people
watching the play
кулисы (в театре)
I was in the wings waiting for my cue to come on stage. Я был за кулисами,
дожидаясь своего выхода на сцену.
138
Алфавитный указатель

A bed 13
ace of club (playing card) 40 bed of rice 13
ace of diamond (playing card) 44 beetroot 131
ace of heart (playing card 68 belt 38
adapter 108 beret 64
aerial/antenna 25 big toe 52
aeroplane 106 bikini 36
aircraft wing 136 bill of a duck 14
American plug 108 bin/trash can 72
ankle 52 biplane 106
anorak 38 black and white markings 82
apple 56 blackbird 15
apricot 56 blade of a knife 17
arch 52 blade of a paddle wheel 17
archery 125 blade of an ice skate 17
arm of a chair 9 blade of grass 17
arm/sleeve of a jacket 9 blade of grass 17
arms 9 blade of propeller 17
arrow 125 blind 72
articulated 31 bluebell 50
asparagus 134 boat hook 69
assembly line 80 bolt 21
aubergine 131 bolt from a cross bow 21
avocado 58 bonnet 64
bonnet/hood 25
B booble hat/beanie 64
bagpipes 105 boot 38
balaclava 64 boot/trunk 25
ball 54 bow 33
ball of the foot 52 bow (sport) 125
banana 58 bow and arrow 22
bar 11 bow for violin 22
bar code 11 bow of a ship 22
bar of chocolate 11 bow on a shoe 22
bar of soap 11 bowed to the queen 22
bar/measure 11 bowler/derby 64
barre 11 box 23
baseball 123 box file 46
baseball cap 64 boxer shorts 36
baseball cap 64 boxing 125
baseball diamond 44 boxing 23, 125
basketball 121 boxing ring 113
bath/sink plug 108 bra 36
139
bread bin 77 cigarette filter 47
breastbone/sternum 119 city/town 113
bridge 24 clarinet key 74
bridge of a pair of glasses 24 climbing frame 54
bridge of a violin 24 clock hand 63
bridge of your nose 24 clothes line 80
British plug 108 clothes peg 99
broad beans 131 clothes rail/clothes rack 111
broccoli 131 clover 48
brussels sprout 131 club (weapon) 40
buffalo 7 club sandwich 40
buggy 29 coach/bus 31
bump into 100 coat 38
bumper 25 coat peg/coat 99
bunk bed 13 coat peg/coat hook 69
bus 31 coathooks 72
buttercup 48 coconut 58
coffee bar 11
C coffee machine 72
cabbage 131 coffee machine 77
caddie, caddy 121 coffee mill 85
cafetiere 77 colander 77
calf 18 cold frame 54
camal 7 collar bone/clavicle 119
canoe 116 column in a newspaper 41
cap 38 Column of a building 41
cap 64 column of soldiers 41
caravan 29 comb of a cockerel’s head 42
card 94 cone (shape) 43
cardboard box 23 convertible 29
cardigan 33 Corinthian 41
carnation 50 cornrow 60
carrot 134 courgette/zucchini 131
cauliflower 131 CPU 94
CD rack 110 crash helmet 64
celeriac 131 crew cut 60
celery 134 cricket 121
chart 72 crocodile 7
cheek 66 cross bar 11
cherry 56 cruise ship 116
chest 18 cucumber 134
chin 66 cupboard 70
chinos 33 curly 60
chop 77 curtain rail 111
chrysanthemum 48
140
D eyelash 66
daffodil 50
daisy 48 F
dandelion 48 fax 94
dashboard 27 fedora 64
date 58 femur 119
desk 72 fennel 134
diamond (gem) 44 ferry (boat) 116
diamond (geomantic shape) 44 fez 64
Dictaphone 94 fig 58
discus 123 fighter 106
dishwasher 70 file (tool) 46
door key 74 filing cabinet 46
doorframe 54 filing cabinet 72
Doric 41 Filofax 94
double bed 13 filter (paper) 47
double socket 108 fingernail 62
dreadlocks 60 fingernail 89
dress 36 fire engine 31
drive 94 fish hook 69
driver’s seat 27 fish scales 114
drum kit/drum set 45 fishing line 80
duck 15 fishing net 91
dumper truck 31 flat 64
dungarees 34 flat 115
dustcart/garbage 31 flat-top 60
Fleece 36
E foot 18
eagle 15 football match 84
ear 66 football/soccer 121
ear drum 45 forearm 18
earmuffs 64 forehead 66
East wing 136 fork 53
elbow 18 fork in the road 53
electric ring/element 113 forked lightning 53
electricity bill 14 fork-lift 31
elephant 7 four poster 13
engine 106 foxglove 50
eraser 94 frame 54
estate car/station wagon 29 freezer 70
European plug 108 fridge 70
exclamation mark 82 fry 77
extractor (fan) 70 fuchsia 48
eye 66
eyebrow 66
141
G heel 52
garden fork 53 helicopter 106
garlic 131 hen 15
gear lever 27 hippopotamus 7
gear lever 128 hob/stove 70
geranium 50 hockey/field hockey4. 121
get off (something) 100 hollyhock 50
get on 100 honeycomb 42
get up 102 honeysuckle 50
ginger 131 hook and eye 69
giraffe 7 horn 27
glider 106 horse racing 127
globe artichoke 131 horse riding 127
glove compartment 27 hotrod 29
golf 121 hovercraft 116
golf club 40 hubcap 25
gorilla 7 human hand 63
grade/mark 82 human heart 68
grape 58 humerus 119
grapefruit 56 hurdles 123
grate 77 hyacinth 48
grater 77
green bean 134 I
grill 70 ice cream cone 43
grill 77 ice hockey/hockey 123
gull 15 ice pick 104
ice skate 118
H index finger 62
hair comb 42 Indian club 40
hairband 60 instep 52
hairnet 91 Ionic 41
hand 18
hand in cards 63 J
handbrake/emergency brake 27 jack (for a car) 74
handle 25 jack of spades 74
handrail 111 jack plug/plug 74
hands-free 94 jacket 36
hang up 100 jacket (part of a suit) 33
hat 38 jack-knifed lorry 74
head 18 jeans 33
headlight/headlamp 25 Jeep 29
headrest 27 jockey 127
headscarf 64 judo 125
hearse 29 jumbo jet 106
heart of a lettuce 68 jumper 34
142
matchstick 84
K measurement for horses 63
karate 125 melon 58
kettle 77 metal bar 11
key signature 74 metal bolt on a lock 21
keyboard 74 microlight 106
keyboard 94 middle finger 62
kiwi 58 mill 85
knee 18 millstone 85
knock somebody down 102 miniskirt /mini 36
mobile phone 94
L Mohican 60
landing gear 106 monkey 7
laptop 94 motorboat 116
launch pad 93 motorcycle 29
leaf of a table 76 motorhome 31
leaf of a book 76 mouse 86, 94
leaf of a tree 76 mouse 94
leek 134 mouse (rodent) 86
left hook (in boxing) 69 mouse mat/mouse pad 86
leggings 34 mousetrap 86
lemon 56 mouth 87
lens 54 mouth of a bottle 87
lettuce 134 mouth of a telephone 87
lily 50 mouthpiece of a wind instrument 87
lily pad 93 mushroom 134
lime 56 musical scale 114
limousine 29 muzzle 88
line 80 muzzle of a dog 88
line on a sports field 80
lion 7 N
lip 66 nail 89
little finger 62 nail file 46
long jump 123 nail scissors 89
luggage rack 110 neck 18
lupin 50 neck 90
lychee/litchi 58 neck of a bottle 90
neck of a guitar neck of a violin 90
M neck of a person 90
mango 58 net curtain 91
mark 82 netting 91
marked page 82 nettle 48
marrow 131 nightclub 40
mash 77 nose 66
matching pair 84 nose 92
143
nose cone of a space shuttle 92 pickaxe 104
nose of an aircraft 92 pick-up truck 29
nose to tail 92 picture frame 54
noticeboard 72 picture rail 111
number/license plate 25 pigeon 15
office chair 72 pine cone 43
pineapple 58
O pipeline 80
oil drum 45 pitchfork 53
oil filter 47 plait 60
okra 131 plate rack 110
one hundred dollar bill 14 plectrum 104
onion 131 plug 108
orange 56 plum 56
orchid 48 pod 131
organ pipe 105 police car 29
oven 70 policeman’s helmet 64
oven gloves 77 polo shirt 34
overcoat 36 poppy 50
owl 15 post-it (note) 94
potato 131
P practice net for cricket 91
pad of paper 93 printer 94
pad on a dog’s paw 93 pumpkin 134
palm 62 put something down 100
panpipes 105 put something on 102
pansy 48
pants 36 Q
paper clip 94 question mark 82
parsnip 131 queue/line 80
partition 72 quotation marks 82
PDA 94
peach 56 R
peacock 15 racing car 29
peaked cap 64 rack 110
pear 56 radius 119
peel 77 railway 111
peg 99 razor blade 17
penalty box/penalty area 23 rear light/tail light 25
pepper 134 rear view mirror 27
pepper mil 85 rhinoceros 7
person’s arm 9 ribs/rib cage 119
photocopier 94 rider 127
photograph frame 54 ring finger/third finger 62
pick something up 102 ring on finger 113
144
ring road/beltway 113 sit down 100
river mouth 87 skate 118
road markings 82 skate (sea fish) 118
robin 15 skiing 123
Rollerblades 118 skinhead 60
rollerblading 127 skirt 36
roof rack 110 skull 119
rose 50 skyline 80
rowing boat 116 slice 77
rugby 123 small of your back 10
ruler 94 snowdrop 50
run away 102 socket 108
running 123 socks 36
sombrero 64
S sparrow 15
saloon 29 speaker 94
sandal 38 spiky 60
sari 38 spine 10
satsuma 56 spine (human backbone) 120
scale on a map 114 spine/backbone 119
scales 77 spines of a book 120
scales 114 spines of a hedgehog 120
scales used in hospitals 114 sports car 29
scanner 94 spread 77
scarf 38 spring onion 134
school bus 31 stand up 100
screen 94 staple 94
seabed 13 stapler 94
seaplane 106 stealth bomber 106
segment 56 steel drum 45
set off 102 steel mill 85
sharp 115 steering wheel 27
sharp bend 115 Stetson/cowboy hat 64
sharp end 115 stick 128
shin 18 stick (insect) 128
shinbone/tibia 119 stick figure 84
shirt 34 stick of dynamite 128
shoe 38 stockings 36
shorts 33 stomach 18
shoulder 18 straight 58
shoulder blade 10 straw boater 64
sieve 77 strawberry 56
signal box 23 stripes/bars 11
single bed 13 submarine 116
sink 70 sun visor 27
145
sunflower 48 tow truck/ breakdown truck 31
sunroof 25 towel rail 111
surfboard 127 tracksuit/sweats 34
surfing 127 tractor 31
SUV 29 traffic cone 43
swallow 15 traffic filter 47
sweatshirt 33 trainers/sneakers 38
swede 131 transport plane 106
sweet potato 134 travel plug 108
sweetcorn 134 trawler 116
swimming 123 tray 94
swimming trunks 129 trilby 64
sword blade 17 trousers (part of a suit) 33
trunk 129
T trunk (luggage) 129
table tennis/Ping-Pong 123 trunk (of a person) 129
take off 102 trunk (of a tree) 129
take something off 100 trunk road 129
tanker 31 trunks 36
tanker 116 T-shirt 34
tap 70 tulip 48
target 125 tuning fork 53
teapot 77 tuning peg/pin 99
telephone box/booth 23 turban 64
telephone line 80 turn something off 100
tell off 102 turn something on 100
tennis 121 turnip 131
tennis net 91 typewriter keyboard 74
thigh 18 tyre/tire 25
thistle 48
thumb 62 U
tidy 94 underpants 36
tie 33
tiger 7 V
tights 36 valentine card (with heart) 68
tin opener 77 van 29
toast rack 110 vest 36
toaster 77
tobacco pipe 105 W
toenail 89 wake up 100
tomato 134 walking in single file 46
tongue 66 walking stick 128
tooth 66 warship 116
toothpick 104 wash something up 100
top hat/topper 64 washing machine 70
146
water pipe 105
watermelon 58
watermill 85
waterwheel 85
wavy 60
web cam 94
wellington/rubber boot 38
West wing 136
windmill 85
windscreen/windshield 25
wine rack 110
wing 106
wing 136
wing/fender 25
wing/fender 136
wing/side mirror 25
wrestling 125
wrist 62
yacht 116
yam 134
Zimmer frame/walking frame/
walker 54