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ISBN 978-5-699-83086-2 ©  .  «
 
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Contents

Contents

1. Nouns, Adjectives, Article a/an


Существительные, прилагательные, неопределённый артикль . . . . 6
2. Subject Pronouns
Личные местоимения в роли подлежащего . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
3. Numbers
Числительные . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
4. Plural of Nouns
Множественное число имён существительных . . . . . . . . . . . .18
5. Present Simple of be
Глагол be в настоящем простом времени . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
6. Possessive Pronouns
Притяжательные местоимения . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
7. Possessive Case
Притяжательный падеж для выражения принадлежности . . . . .36
8. This — that / these — those
Указательные местоимения this — that / these — those . . .42
9. Have got
Оборот have got в значении иметь . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
10. Countable and Uncountable Nouns; some and any
Исчисляемые и неисчисляемые существительные;
местоимения some и any . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52
11. How much? How many?
Сколько? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58
12. Present Simple with I, you, we, they
Простое настоящее время с местоимениями
I, you, we, they . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62
13. Present Simple with he, she, it
Простое настоящее время с местоимениями he, she, it . . .70
14. Questions with who, what, when, where, why
Специальные вопросы . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78
15. Imperatives
Повелительное наклонение . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82
16. Can for possibility
Модальный глагол can в значении уметь, мочь . . . . . . . . .85

3
Contents

17. Object Pronouns


Личные местоимения в роли дополнения . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
18. Ordinal Numbers; Prepositions of Time
Порядковые числительные; предлоги времени . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
19. There is / there are; Prepositions of Place
Оборот there is / there are; предлоги места . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .102
20. Must for necessity; mustn’t for prohibition
Модальный глагол must для выражения необходимости
совершения действия; mustn’t для выражения запрета . . . . . . . . . . .110
21. Let’s for suggestion
Оборот let’s для приглашения к совместному действию . . . . . . . . . .114
22. Past Simple of be
Глагол be в простом прошедшем времени . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .118
23. Past Simple of have
Глагол have в простом прошедшем времени . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .124
24. Past Simple of Regular Verbs
Простое прошедшее время (правильные глаголы) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .130
25. Past Simple of Irregular Verbs
Простое прошедшее время (неправильные глаголы) . . . . . . . . . . . . .140
26. Could for ability
Модальный глагол could в значении «мог, могла, могло» . . . . . . . . .148
27. Article the
Определённый артикль . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .152
28. Comparison of Adjectives  — 1
Степени сравнения прилагательных  — 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .160
29. Comparison of Adjectives  — 2
Степени сравнения прилагательных  — 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .166
30. Prepositions of Place and Movement
Предлоги места и движения . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .172
31. Future Simple
Простое будущее время . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .176
32. Be going to for future plans
Be going to для выражения будущего
запланированного действия . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .184
33. Would like to do for future actions
Would like to do для выражения желания
сделать что-либо в будущем . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .192

4
Содержание

34. May for possibility and asking for permission


Модальный глагол may для выражения
возможности совершения действия в будущем;
для выражения просьбы . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .196
35. Adverbs of Frequency (how often?)
Наречия частоты действия (как часто?) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202
36. Adverbs of Manner (in what way?)
Наречия образа действия (каким образом?) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206
37. Expressing Quantity
Количество предметов или вещества . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .210
38. Zero Article
Нулевой артикль . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .216
39. Questions
Вопросительное предложение . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .222
40. Subject Questions
Вопрос к подлежащему . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .230
41. Tag Questions
Разделительный вопрос . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .234
42. Have to for necessity
Модальный глагол have to для выражения
необходимости совершения действия . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .238
43. Impersonal it
Безличные предложения с it в качестве подлежащего . . . . . . . . . . .242
44. Word-building Suffixes
(-er/-or, -tion, -ist, -ful, -ous, -ly, -teen, -ty, -th)
Словообразовательные суффиксы . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .246
Irregular Verbs
Список неправильных глаголов . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .250
Key
Ключи . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .252
Nouns, Adjectives, Article a/an

1 Nouns, Adjectives, Article a/an


Ñóùåñòâèòåëüíûå, ïðèëàãàòåëüíûå,
íåîïðåäåë¸ííûé àðòèêëü

Существительное — это часть речи, которая обозначает предмет


и отвечает на вопрос кто? или что? Например: boy, girl, cat, book.
Перед существительными в единственном числе может употре-
бляться неопределённый артикль a/an. Неопределённый артикль
употребляется с исчисляемыми существительными в единственном
числе, если это существительное упоминается в речи в первый
раз и слушающий о нём ничего не знает.

Артикль a [] Артикль an [n]

Перед согласными звуками: Перед гласными звуками:


a book, a cat, a table, a chair, an apple, an egg, an ice cream,
a room, a girl, a park, a man, an orange, an umbrella, an hour
a uniform (звук [j] — согласный) (в некоторых словах первый [h]
не произносится)

Прилагательное — это часть речи, которая обозначает признак


предмета и отвечает на вопрос какой? Если перед существитель-
ным стоит прилагательное, то неопределённый артикль ставится
перед словосочетанием «прилагательное + существительное».
Например: a book — a big book, a useful book, an English book;
an apple — a tasty apple, a big apple, a yellow apple.

1 Вставь a или an. Значение незнакомых слов уточни в словаре.


1. banana 7. egg
2. apple 8. ice cream
3. sandwich 9. peach
4. orange 10. strawberry
5. cake 11. cucumber
6. hotdog 12. tomato

6
Существительные, прилагательные, неопределённый артикль

2 Вставь a или an. Раскрась продукты в корзине в указанные цвета.

1. yellow banana 5. brown cake


2. red apple 6. chocolate ice cream
3. orange orange 7. white egg
4. pink peach 8. purple plum

3 Вставь a или an.

1. book — useful book


2. apple — green apple
3. cat — clever cat
4. family — happy family
5. orange — tasty orange
6. elephant — big elephant
7. animal — domestic animal
8. ice cream — vanilla ice cream
9. egg — brown egg

7
Nouns, Adjectives, Article a/an

4 Составь словосочетания (артикль + прилагательное + существитель-


ное) из данных слов. Запиши их в тетрадь.
О б р а з е ц: a good girl
a good kind dog boy
an happy yellow banana actor
big beautiful man woman
small popular book family
green useful apple orange
clever tasty girl town
funny old cat book

5 Посмотри в словаре, как произносятся слова, и поставь перед


словами правильную форму артикля (a или an).
1. umbrella 7. head
2. uniform 8. hand
3. horse 9. university
4. hospital 10. uncle
5. hour 11. unit
6. house 12. user

6 Составь пары прилагательных, противоположных по значению. Зна-


чение незнакомых слов уточни в словаре.
beautiful evil
clever silly
good boring
kind sad
interesting nasty
small bad
nice ugly
happy big

7 Составь словосочетания, противоположные по значению, используя


слова из упражнения 6, и запиши их.
Об разе ц: a nice girl — a nasty girl

8
Существительные, прилагательные, неопределённый артикль

8 Опиши картинки по образцу.


Образе ц: An atlas. A white atlas.
atlas / white

book / interesting house / small dictionary / useful

person / important teddy bear / old aeroplane / blue

9 Выучи последовательность, в которой прилагательные употреб-


ляются перед существительным.

артикль + прилагательные + существительное


1. характеристика (kind, brave, clever, lovely, boring)
2. размер (small, big, little, large, fat, thin, tall, short)
3. возраст (old, young, new)
4. цвет (white, black, green, red, yellow, blue, brown)

Н апри мер: a brave little brown dog, a clever fat old rat.

Обычно перед существительным не употребляют больше трёх


прилагательных.

10 Расположи прилагательные в правильной последовательности пе-


ред существительным.
1. a grey little young cat
2. a brown old clever monkey
3. a pink new lovely bag
4. a fat black nasty rat
5. a white small funny dog

9
Subject Pronouns

2 Subject Pronouns
Ëè÷íûå ìåñòîèìåíèÿ â ðîëè ïîäëåæàùåãî
Person Singular Plural
Лицо Единственное число Множественное число

1-st / 1-е I / я we / мы
2-nd / 2-е you / ты, Вы you / вы
3-rd / 3-е he, she, it / он, она, оно they / они

I we you you

I всегда пишется с большой буквы.


You может обозначать одного или нескольких людей, к кото-
рым обращается говорящий.

Pam / she Dick / he Pam and Dick / they

it it Fluffy / she Spot / he

Предметы и животные обозначаются местоимением it.


Если речь идёт о домашнем животном, пол которого известен,
о нём можно сказать he или she.

10
Личные местоимения в роли подлежащего

1 Прочитай слова и замени их местоимениями из рамочки.


Об разец: Ben — he

he she we they you it

1. Helen — 18. a cat —


2. Mike and I — 19. a book —
3. Helen and Mike — 10. a pen and a pencil —
4. a dog —
5. Mike — 11. Ben —
6. mum and dad — 12. a pen —
7. a mouse and a rat — 13. you and Ted —
14. classmates —

2 Выбери нужные слова из рамочки и напиши их рядом с рисунком.

I he she it we you they

3 Какому английскому местоимению соответствуют два русских ме-


стоимения?

11
Subject Pronouns

4 Найди пары слов и выпиши их.


Об разе ц: we — мы
we я
they оно
it ты
они
he
мы
I она
you вы
she он

5 Составь из данных в рамочке букв местоимения и запиши их. На-


пиши, что они обозначают по-русски.
Образе ц: you — вы

i u h t y e s w o

6 Напиши соответствующие местоимения множественного числа.


he —
I —
it —
you —
she —

7 Заполни таблицу личными местоимениями на английском языке.

Лицо Единственное число Множественное число

1-е (я) (мы)

2-е (ты, Вы) (вы)

3-е (он) (они)


(она)
(оно)

12
Личные местоимения в роли подлежащего

8 Замени местоимения подходящими существительными или слово-


сочетаниями.
Образец: he — Sasha, Spot (a dog), father, grandad

we —
she —
they —
he —
it —
I —

9 Подпиши картинки соответствующими местоимениями.

13
Numbers

3 Numbers
×èñëèòåëüíûå

1 one 11 eleven
[wn] [levn]
2 two 12 twelve 20 twenty 21 twenty-one
[tu:] [twelv] [twent]
3 three 13 thirteen 30 thirty 32 thirty-two
[ri:] [:ti:n] [:t]

4 four 14 fourteen 40 forty 43 forty-three


[f:] [f:ti:n] [f:t]
5 five 15 fifteen 50 fifty 54 fifty-four
[fav] [ffti:n] [fft]
6 six 16 sixteen 60 sixty 65 sixty-five
[sks] [sksti:n] [skst]
7 seven 17 seventeen 70 seventy 76 seventy-six
[sevn] [ sevnti:n] [sevnt]
8 eight 18 eighteen 80 eighty 87 eighty-seven
[et] [eti:n] [et]
9 nine 19 nineteen 90 ninety 98 ninety-eight
[nan] [nanti:n] [nant]
10 ten 100 one hundred 101 one hundred
[ten] [wnhndrd] and one

One little, two little, three little Indians


Four little, five little, six little Indians
Seven little, eight little, nine little Indians
Ten little Indian boys.

Ten little, nine little, eight little Indians


Seven little, six little, five little Indians
Four little, three little, two little Indians
One little Indian boy.

14
Числительные

1 Напиши словами, сколько кому лет. Значение незнакомых слов


уточни в словаре.
1. Helen is 11. — Helen is eleven.
2. Mike is 2. 3. Mum is 37. 4. Dad is 41. 5. Brother Dick is 1.
6. Sister Pam is 5. 7. Granny is 64. 8. Grandpa is 72. 9. Aunt
Peggy is 46. 10. Uncle Sam is 53. 11. Cousin Bobby is 8.
12. Cousin Jenny is 10.

2 Напиши, сколько лет членам твоей семьи. Названия родственников


по-английски можно найти в упражнении 1.
Образец: Mum is thirty-one.
1. is

2. is
3. is
4. is
5. is
3 Реши примеры и запиши решение по образцу.
1. 2 + 2 = 4 Two and two is four.
2. 6 — 5 = 1 Six minus five is one.
3. 4 + 5 =
4. 9 — 2 =
5. 7 + 9 =
6. 10 — 5 =
7. 6 + 2 =
8. 17 — 7 =
9. 11 + 8 =
10. 19 — 3 =
11. 20 + 30 =
12. 40 — 10 =
13. 50 + 35 =
14. 60 — 24 =
15. 95 — 11 =

15
Numbers

4 Запиши телефонные номера словами на английском языке.


Образе ц: 755-39-40 seven double five three nine four o
1. 765-13-89 3. 315-34-00 5. 149-52-36
2. 642-11-95 4. 889-03-41 6. 587-23-64

В телефонных номерах все цифры называют по одной, 0 записывает-


ся и читается как буква О [
]; повторяющиеся цифры произносятся
так: 22 — double two [dbl tu:], 88 — double eight.

5 Напиши цифрами и словами три телефонных номера: свой до-


машний номер, телефонный номер друга или подруги, мобильный
телефон своего родственника.
1.
2.
3.
6 Напиши, какое время показывают часы.

Three o’clock.

16
Числительные

7 Представь, что ты в магазине канцтоваров и хочешь купить не-


которые предметы. Произнеси вслух и напиши цены этих товаров.
Образец: A pen — fifteen roubles.

a pen an exercise book a rubber a notebook a book

a ruler a pencil a marker a felt-tip pen a pencil case

8 Представь, что ты хочешь купить 3 шариковые ручки, 6 тетрадок,


4 ластика, 3 блокнота, 7 карандашей, 2 маркера, 4 фломастера,
2 пенала. Посчитай и напиши, сколько будут стоить товары каж-
дого наименования по отдельности.
Образец: Three pens — forty-five roubles.

9 Здесь спрятались названия тринадцати цифр. Найди их.

T W E L V E A T W O
B D L Q E I G H T Z
J C E R Y X L I P K
F I V E M T H R E E
S B E O N V J T V Y
W O N E I H S E X S
Q X R P N C T E G I
F L Y S E V E N U X
V K O T W X N Z Q E
R N F O U R I M B Y

17
Plural of Nouns

4 Plural of Nouns
Ìíîæåñòâåííîå ÷èñëî
èì¸í ñóùåñòâèòåëüíûõ

Regular forms / Обычные формы

существительные, существительные,
существительное которые оканчиваются которые оканчиваются
+ -s на ch, s, sh, x, o на согласную + y,
+ -es меняют y на ie + -s
после звонких [z] [s]
согласных и гласных a bench — benches a baby — babies
[z] a bus — buses a fly — flies
a girl — girls a glass — glasses a country — countries
a boy — boys a bush — bushes a city — cities
a tree — trees a box — boxes
a story — stories
после глухих [z] a dictionary — dictionaries
согласных
a tomato — tomatoes
[s]
a cat — cats

Irregular forms
Формы, образующиеся не по правилам

Единственное число Множественное число


child [ ald] children [ ldrn] дети
man [mæn] men [men] мужчины
woman [w
mn] women [wmn] женщины
person [p:sn] people [pi:pl] люди
mouse [ma
s] mice [mas] мыши
tooth [tu:] teeth [ti:] зубы
goose [gu:s] geese [gi:s] гуси
foot [fu:t] feet [ :t] ноги
sheep [ i:p] sheep [ i:p] овцы
fish [f ] fish [f ] рыбы
deer [d] deer [d] олени
ox [ks] oxen [ksn] быки

18
Множественное число имён существительных

1 Напиши форму множественного числа существительных.

1. a toy — 15. a woman —


2. a pet — 16. a tooth —
3. a man — 17. a star —
4. a city — 18. a mouse —
5. a bird — 19. a tiger —
6. a brush — 20. a tree —
7. a pen — 21. a foot —
8. a potato — 22. a fish —
9. a fox — 23. a class —
10. a glass — 24. a sheep —
11. a child — 25. a boy —
12. a goose — 26. a bear —
13. a fly — 27. a dictionary —
14. a watch — 28. a deer —

2 Распредели существительные во множественном числе из упражне-


ния 1 по соответствующим колонкам.

-s -es или -ies не по правилам

toys cities men

Прилагательное, стоящее перед существительным во множественном


числе, своей формы не изменяет.
a good boy — good boys
a popular actress — popular actresses
a funny pet — funny pets
a nasty child — nasty children

19
Plural of Nouns

3 Допиши слова, называющие овощи и фрукты, в форме множе-


ственного числа.

grape… cherr… apple… orange…


potato… cucumber… pear… lemon…
banana… watermelon… peach… strawberr…
radish… carrot… tomato… plum…

4 Найди в словаре слова из упражнения 3 и запиши их транскрип-


цию в форме множественного числа.
Образе ц: grapes [greps]

5 Распредели слова в форме множественного числа из упражне-


ний 1 и 3 по колонкам в соответствии с их произношением.
[z] [s] [iz]
toys grapes brushes

6 Раскрась фрукты и овощи в упражнении 3. Напиши, что какого


цвета.
Образе ц: orange oranges
7 Напиши, какие школьные принадлежности и игрушки есть у тебя
в портфеле. Какого они цвета? Сколько их?
Образе ц: two green exercise books

book, exercise book, notebook, pen, pencil, felt-tip pen, rubber, ruler,
pencil case, dictionary, doll, car, teddy bear, ball, plane, clown

20
Множественное число имён существительных

8 Используя слова в рамке, напиши, сколько таких предметов в тво-


ём классе. Числительные пиши словами.

table, chair, blackboard, flower, picture, computer, desk, map,


bookcase, schoolbag, pupil, teacher, boy, girl, animal, fish,
window, door

two tables,

9 Напиши, каких животных можно увидеть в зоопарке. Используй сло-


ва в рамочке.

elephant, tiger, zebra, kangaroo, bear, fox, snake, lion, hare,


butterfly, penguin, parrot, frog, fish, deer, bug, crocodile, monkey,
giraffe, panda

At the zoo I can see pandas,

10 А каких животных можно увидеть в деревне? Напиши, используя


слова в рамочке.

mouse, hen, duck, goose, horse, cow, ox, sheep, chicken, cat,
dog, bee, pig, turkey, cock, goat

In the country I can see dogs,

11 Как можно описать этих животных? Составь и запиши словосоче-


тания. Порядок следования прилагательных см. на с. 9.
Образе ц: playful young dogs
dogs clever playful
cats funny strong
crocodiles good quick
tigers green young
giraffes friendly old
elephants dangerous red
monkeys beautiful big
foxes curious small

21
Present Simple of be

5 Present Simple of be
Ãëàãîë be â íàñòîÿùåì ïðîñòîì âðåìåíè

Affirmative / Утвердительная форма

Singular Plural
Единственное число Множественное число
Long forms Short forms Long forms Short forms
Полные Краткие Полные Краткие
формы формы формы формы
I am I’m we are we’re
you are you’re you are you’re
he is he’s they are they’re
she is she’s
it is it’s

В английском языке в отличие от русского в настоящем времени


используется глагол-связка be — быть, являться.

I am Tina. He is Jack. They are my parents.


I am a teacher. He is a driver. They are from Britain.

Как читается ’s

[z] после гласных и звонких [s] после глухих согласных звуков:


согласных звуков: it’s [ts]
he’s [hz], Pam’s [pæmz]

22
Глагол be в настоящем простом времени

1 Какая глагольная форма соответствует каждому местоимению?


Составь и запиши все возможные словосочетания.
you
she
I am
we is
he are
they
it

2 Напиши предложения, употребив глагол be в краткой форме. Чис-


лительные пиши словами.
Образец: I am Peter. — I’m Peter.
1. I am Helen. 2. I am 8. 3. He is Mike. 4. He is 10.
5. We are sister and brother. 6. My father’s name is Andy.
7. He is 36. 8. My mother’s name is Susan. 9. She is 34.
10. They are our parents. 11. We are from Britain. 12. We have
got a pet. It is a dog. 13. Her name is Fluffy.

3 Произведи необходимые изменения в предложениях по образцу.


Числительные пиши словами.
Образец: Helen is 8. — She’s eight.
1. Mike is 10. 2. Mike is Helen’s brother. 3. Susan is 34.
4. Susan is Mike and Helen’s mother. 5. Andy is Mike and Hel-
en’s father. 6. Mike and Helen are brother and sister. 7. Hel-
en and Mike are from Britain. 8. Britain is a beautiful country.
9. Helen and I are friends. 10. Helen and I are from Britain.
11. Fluffy is a good dog. 12. Fluffy is 5.

4 Составь предложения из данных слов. Затем замени имена на


местоимения, а полные формы глагола be на краткие.
Образе ц: my friend / Andy / is
Andy is my friend. — He’s my friend.
1. is / Ann / his / sister 2. nice / is / Ann 3. Andy / clever /
is 4. friends / are / Ben and I 5. Ben / from / is / America
6. America / a big country / is 7. are / Peggy and Bill / Ben’s
parents 8. from / Peggy and Bill / Britain / are 9. kind / are /
Peggy and Bill 10. Smokey / our pet / is

23
Present Simple of be

5 Вставь в письмо нужные формы глагола be из рамки.

am is are

Hello,
My name (1) Brian. I (2) 10. I (3)
from Canada. I have got a sister. Her name (4) Kathy.
She (5) 12. She (6) nice. I have got a moth-
er and a father. My mother (7) beautiful. My father (8)
clever. They (9) my family.
Bye,
Brian

6 Напиши, кто из какой страны.

He
from Canada.
You
are from Russia.
She
am from Britain.
We
is from America.
I
from Australia.
They

7 Вставь нужные формы глагола be в диалог. Прочитай диалог


с одноклассником.

— Hello, Dick. How (1) you?

— Hello, Mary. I (2) fine,


thanks. How (3) you?

— I (4) OK. Thank you.

— You have got so many balloons!

— It (5) my birthday today.

— Congratulations! How old (6) you?

— I (7) 11.

24
Глагол be в настоящем простом времени

8 Напиши о себе и своей семье. Используй нужные формы гла-


гола be.
Hello,
My name (напиши своё имя). I from
Russia. I (укажи свой возраст).
My mother’s name . My father’s name
(напиши имена родителей). My
mother beautiful. My father clever.
They kind. I have got a pet. It
a (напиши, что это за животное). His/Her
name (напиши имя домашнего питомца).
He/She funny and .
Bye,

9 Заполни пропуски подходящей формой глагола be из данных


в скобках.
1. We (am / is / are) from Russia. 2. Russia
(am / is / are) a beautiful country. 3. Moscow (am /
is / are) a big city. 4. My name (am / is / are) Helen.
5. I (am / is / are) eight years old. 6. Ted
(am / is / are) my friend. 7. Emma (am / is / are)
also my friend. 8. They (am / is / are) from Britain. 9. I
(am / is / are) from London. 10. You (am /
is / are) from Moscow.

10 Заполни пропуски нужными формами глагола be.

Hello! I (1) Jack. And this (2)


Julie. She (3) my sister. We (4)
brother and sister. I (5) ten
and Julie (6) ten. We (7)
twins ([twnz] двойняшки). We (8)
from Greenwood. Greenwood (9) in
Britain. This (10) Fluffy. It (11)
our pet cat. It (12) lovely and soft.

25
Present Simple of be

Negative / Отрицательная форма

Singular Plural
Единственное число Множественное число
Long forms Short forms Long forms Short forms
Полные формы Краткие формы Полные формы Краткие формы
I am not I’m not we are not we aren’t
you are not you aren’t you are not you aren’t
he is not he isn’t they are not they aren’t
she is not she isn’t
it is not it isn’t

11 Перепиши предложения, заменив полные формы краткими, а су-


ществительные — личными местоимениями.
Образе ц: Nick is not in the park. — He isn’t in the park.
1. Nick is not in the park. 2. Lily is not from Britain. 3. Green-
wood is not a small town. 4. Fluffy is not a bad cat. 5. Susan
and I are not sisters. 6. Nick and Jenny are not brother and sister.
7. George and Meg are not cousins. 8. Dick and I are not broth-
ers. 9. Mum and Dad are not at home. 10. My sister and I are
not 11. 11. The tiger is not a friendly animal. 12. Polar bears are
not brown. 13. My parents are not from Australia. 14. My broth-
er and I are not at school. 15. Spot is not a dangerous dog.
16. Tigers are not domestic animals. 17. Hens are not wild animals.

12 Перепиши предложения, заменив краткую форму полной.


1. I’m not Jenny. I’m Susan. 2. Ken isn’t my brother. He’s my
cousin. 3. My sister and I aren’t 10. We’re 12. 4. Peggy isn’t my
sister. She’s my aunt. 5. My mother and father aren’t from Eng-
land. They’re from Scotland. 6. Snoopy isn’t a dog. It’s a puppy.
7. Blackie isn’t a cat. It’s a kitten. 8. You aren’t a bad pupil.
You’re a good pupil. 9. I’m not a pupil. I’m a student. 10. You
aren’t at home. Keep quiet! ([ki:p kwat] Ведите себя тише!)
11. Bears aren’t friendly. They’re dangerous.

26
Глагол be в настоящем простом времени

13 Опровергни эти утверждения. Напиши, что есть на самом деле.


1. I’m from America. I’m not from America. I’m from Russia.
2. You’re 10. 3. We’re at home. 4. He’s a doctor. 5. She’s an
actress. 6. They’re from Britain. 7. It’s a rat. 8. We’re brother
and sister. 9. I’m a pupil. 10. They’re students. 11. We’re 10.
12. I’m in the park.

14 Угадай, о каком животном идёт речь. Найди его на картинке.


1. I am not big and I am not small. I am not grey.
I am red. I am not slow. I am fast.
2. I am not small. I am very big. I am not green. I am grey.
I am not fast.
3. I am not black. Sometimes (иногда) I am white and some-
times I am grey. I am not slow. I am very fast. I am not
brave.
4. I am not big. I am small. I am not dangerous. I am not blue.
I am green.
5. I am not small. I am big. I am not friendly. I am very dan-
gerous. I am not grey. I am green.
6. I am not short. I am tall. I am not grey. I am yellow and
brown. I am not dangerous. I am friendly.

27
Present Simple of be

15 Придумай две загадки о животных и запиши их.


Об разе ц: It is not black. It is yellow. It is not friendly.
It is dangerous. It is not slow. It is fast.
It is brave.
16 Напиши по образцу предложения, используя
подписи под картинками.
Об разе ц: He isn’t a doctor.
He’s a teacher.
he / a doctor / a teacher

1. she / a secretary / 2. I / 10 / 9 3. it / from America /


a doctor from Africa

4. they / dogs / 5. we / from Australia / 6. you / sisters /


puppies from Canada cousins

17 Переведи письменно на английский язык. Используй краткие фор-


мы глагола be.
1. Мне не 10 лет, мне 8. 2. Я не Катя, я Маша. 3. Они не
брат с сестрой, они кузены. 4. Мы не из Америки. Мы из
Австралии. 5. Он не учитель, он лётчик. 6. Ему не 9 лет, ему
7. 7. Она не из Британии, она из Канады. 8. Она не Оля,
она Даша. 9. Он не врач, он водитель. 10. Спот не щенок.
Он собака. 11. Элис не котёнок. Она кошка. 12. Лев не
дружелюбное животное. Он опасное животное.

28
Глагол be в настоящем простом времени

Yes/No Questions and short answers


Общий вопрос и краткий ответ
Singular Plural
Единственное число Множественное число
Вопрос Краткие ответы Вопрос Краткие ответы
Am I …? Yes, I am. Are we …? Yes, we are.
No, I’m not. No, we aren’t.
Are you …? Yes, you are. Are you …? Yes, you are.
No, you aren’t. No, you aren’t.
Is he …? Yes, he is. Are they …? Yes, they are.
No, he isn’t. No, they aren’t.
Is she …? Yes, she is.
No, she isn’t.
Is it …? Yes, it is.
No, it isn’t.

В кратких утвердительных ответах (с yes) никогда не используются


краткие формы глагола be.

18 Задай вопросы о профессиях этих людей.


Дай краткий и полный ответ.
Образе ц: Is he a driver? — No, he isn’t.
He is a policeman. a driver /
a policeman

1. actors / pilots 2. a dancer / 3. a doctor / 4. teachers / doctors


a singer a mechanic

5. pupils 6. drivers 7. a sailor 8. a singer / a dancer

29
Present Simple of be

19 Спроси, кем приходятся люди на фото мальчику Неду.


Об разе ц: Is Ann his sister?

Sarah Bill

Andy
Chloe

Kitty
Nick Том
То K te
Ka e Ann
Shirley Ned Tim

20 Задай все возможные вопросы об этих животных, используя сло-


ва в рамочке.
Образе ц: Is it dangerous? Are they weak?

strong, silly, beautiful, helpful, weak, lovely, clever, kind, small, ugly,
big, funny, friendly, dangerous, useful, serious, curious, playful

30
Глагол be в настоящем простом времени

21 Узнай, что изображено на рисунках?

Образе ц: — Is it a crocodile?
— No, it isn’t.
— Is it a snake?
— Yes, it is.
a crocodile / a snake

a dog / a cat a parrot / an owl a tiger / a rabbit / a mouse


an elephant

Образец: — Are they pigs?


— No, they aren’t.
— Are they sheep?
— Yes, they are.

pigs / sheep

horses / deer women / men flies / butterflies hares / foxes

31
Possessive Pronouns

6 Possessive Pronouns
Ïðèòÿæàòåëüíûå ìåñòîèìåíèÿ

Личные Притяжательные
местоимения местоимения
I my — мой, моя, моё, мои

you your — твой, твоя, твоё, твои

he his — его

she her — её

it its — его, её (о животных и неодушевлённых


предметах)
we our — наш, наша, наше, наши

you your — ваш, ваша, ваше, ваши

they their — их

Притяжательные местоимения указывают на принадлежность лица


или предмета. Они стоят перед существительным или перед сло-
восочетанием «прилагательное + существительное»: my name, my
favourite book, my lovely little cat.

В английском языке в отличие от русского притяжательные место-


имения не изменяются по родам и числам. Сравни:
мой телефон — my telephone
моя кошка — my cat
моё платье — my dress
мои книги — my books

32
Притяжательные местоимения

1 Изучи информацию в таблице и напиши о том, что любят Дженни,


Ник, мистер Хилл, миссис Хилл и их собака Чип.

Jenny Nick Mr Hill Mrs Hill Chip

Food pizza chocolate ice cream bacon and eggs yoghurt meat

Toy doll boat ball

Sport basketball football swimming tennis

Colour pink green blue yellow

1. Her favourite food is pizza.


2. Her favourite toy is
3. Her favourite sport is
4. Her favourite colour is
Jenny

Nick Mr Hill Mrs Hill Chip

2 Вставь в текст подходящие притяжательные местоимения her, its,


their.
Dick and Pam are brother and sister. Their surname is
Chester. They are from Britain. (1) friends, Ben and
Liz, are from Britain too. Pam is nine. (2) brother
Dick is ten. Chip is (3) pet dog. (4) favourite
toy is a ball. Fluffy is (5) pet cat. (6)
favourite food is milk. The children’s school is in High Street.
(7) name is High Street School.

33
Possessive Pronouns

3 Вставь в текст подходящие притяжательные местоимения my, his,


her, our.
Pam: Hello, I’m Pam. Dick is (1) brother. (2)
father is a pilot. He is forty-five. (3) moth-
er is a nurse. She is forty. Chip and Fluffy are (4)
pets. (5) best friend is Ben. (6) teacher
is Miss Green.

Dick: Hello, I’m Dick. Pam is (7) sister. (8)


school is High Street School. (9) teacher is Mr Blake.
Nick and Liz are (10) friends.

4 Вставь в пропуски подходящее по смыслу местоимение.


Образе ц: This is Liz. — This is her father.
1. This is Bill. This is cat. 2. These are Dick and
Pam. This is dog. 3. This is Nelly. This is
parrot. 4. These are Ben and Kate. This is school.
5. This is Mr Bell. This is car. 6. This is my cat.
This is toy. 7. This is Mrs Bell. This is
garden. 8. These are the Greens. This is house.
9. This is my mother. This is room. 10. This is my
brother. These are bicycles. 11. This is my dog.
These are toys.

5 Вставь в пропуски притяжательные местоимения в соответствии


с указанным в скобках личным местоимением.
Образе ц: (I) My sister is an actress.
1. (I) name is Jill Brown. 2. This is (I)
brother. 3. (He) name is Robert.
4. (He) favourite toy is a teddy bear. 5. (We)
father is an engineer. 6. (We)
mother is a shop assistant. 7. (She) favourite
colour is red. 8. (She) pet is a cat. 9. (It)
name is Shirlеy. 10. (It) favourite
food is fish. 11. (You) house is big. 12. (You)
dog is clever. 13. (They) car is
old. 14. (They) dog is funny.

34
Притяжательные местоимения

6 Опиши картинки.
Об разец: 1. Tracy and her book.

1. Tracy / book 2. Jack / kite 3. Mrs Green / baby

4. Mr Brown / bicycle 5. the girls / dolls 6. the boys / trains

7. my friend and I / 8. you / skateboard 9. you / dress


playground

10. Nick / dog 11. Chloe / cat 12. a cat / ball

35
Possessive Case

7 Possessive Case
Ïðèòÿæàòåëüíûé ïàäåæ
äëÿ âûðàæåíèÿ ïðèíàäëåæíîñòè

Люди Животные

Единственное число Nick’s dog Goofy’s bone


(один человек или животное) boy’s bicycle tiger’s tail
существительное + ’s sister’s room lion’s cage

Множественное число boys’ bicycles dogs’ bones


(два и больше людей или животных) friends’ toys tigers’ paws
существительное + s’ sisters’ dresses lions’ cages

Существительные, образующие форму


множественного числа не по правилам

Единственное число — ’s child’s toys


man’s shirt

Множественное число — ’s children’s toys


men’s shirts

[z] после гласных


[z] после [s] [s], [z]
[z], [s] после глухих
и звонких согласных
[  ], [], [ ], [d] согласных
звуков

Anna’s, boys’, men’s, Alex’s, Liz’s, Alice’s, Mike’s, Kate’s,


friend’s, Pam’s, dog’s horse’s, George’s cat’s, duck’s,
elephant’s

36
Притяжательный падеж для выражения принадлежности

1 Найди формы с апострофом и выпиши их. Некоторые из них вы-


ражают принадлежность, а некоторые являются краткими формами
глагола be.

This is my best friend. His name’s Dick Chester. This is Dick’s


favourite kite and that’s Dick’s old bicycle. This is Dick’s sister.
His sister’s name’s Pam. This is Pam’s doll and that’s Pam’s
beautiful ball. It’s in the tree.

2 Определи, какие из форм с апострофом, выписанных в упражне-


нии 1, выражают принадлежность чего-либо кому-либо, а какие
являются краткими формами глагола be. Формы глагола be на-
пиши полностью.
Образец: His name’s Dick Chester. — His name is Dick
Chester. (форма глагола be)

37
Possessive Case

3 Что нужно дописать в словах, данных ниже, чтобы выразить при-


надлежность: ’s или ’ ? Напиши, в какой форме употреблено слово:
в форме единственного или множественного числа. Напиши назва-
ние предмета, который может принадлежать людям или животным.
1. my friend’s (ед. ч.) bicycle
2. my friends’ (мн. ч.) toys
3. the teacher 12. the policeman
4. her parents
5. the nurse 13. the doctor
6. the bears 14. the tiger
7. my brother 15. the grandparents
8. her sisters
9. the teachers 16. the birds
17. their children
10. his father
11. men 18. the dog

4 Заполни пропуски в предложениях.


Образе ц: It’s Nancy’s (Nancy) rabbit.
1. This is my (brother) room. 2. This is our
(aunt) house. 3. It’s her
(friend) kite. 4. This is (Harry) book. 5. It’s
their (cat) toy. 6. The
(teacher) car is blue. 7. His (mother) garden
is beautiful. 8. My (sister) dog is clever.
9. Your (grandfather) parrot is funny. 10. The
(girl) doll is big. 11. My (mother)
car is new. 12. Our (uncle) house is big.

5 Используя слова в рамке и рисунки, напиши, кто кому кем при-


ходится.
Образе ц: Mrs Chester — Dick
Mrs Chester is Dick’s mother.

38
Притяжательный падеж для выражения принадлежности

Pam Chester
Amanda Brown
Dick Chester
Susan Brown
Chip

Mr Chester Mrs Brown


Mrs Chester Mr Brown

Mrs Hill Mr Hill

mother, father, brother, sister, cousin, aunt, uncle, grandmother,


grandfather, son, daughter, pet

1. Mr Hill — Pam 8. Mr Hill — Dick


2. Mrs Hill — Susan 9. Chip — the children
3. Mrs Chester — Susan 10. Amanda — Pam
4. Mrs Hill — Mrs Brown 11. Dick — Pam
5. Mr Brown — Pam 12. Mrs Chester — Mrs Hill
6. Mrs Brown — Mrs Chester 13. Mr Brown — Susan
7. Dick — Susan 14. Dick — Mr Chester

39
Possessive Case

6 Заполни пропуски в предложениях.


Образе ц: This cage is the lions’ cage (lions / cage).
1. This room is the (teachers / room).
2. This dog is our (grandparents / dog).
3. This skateboard is my (children / skateboard).
4. This bookcase is your (parents / bookcase).
5. This game is the (boys / game).
6. This dress is (women / dress).
7. This cage is the (monkeys / cage).
8. This garden is their (cousins / garden).
9. This car is our (neighbours / car).
10. This pool is the (polar bears / pool).

7 Напиши, кому принадлежат предметы, изображённые на рисунках.


Используй данные подсказки.
Образе ц: 1. They’re Chip’s balls. 2. It’s Lucy’s doll.

1. balls / 2. doll / 3. teddy bear / 4. plane /


Chip Lucy Jenny the boy

5. train / 6. bycycles / 7. pencils / 8. boat /


Nick the men the girls the boys

40
Притяжательный падеж для выражения принадлежности

whose — чей, чья, чьё, чьи

dog / dress / tail is it? единственное число


Whose
dogs / dresses / paws are they? множественное число

8 Ответь на вопросы. Кому принадлежат эти предметы?

Об разец: Whose pencil case is it? (Kate) — It’s Kate’s


pencil case.
1. Whose car is it? (our dad) 2. Whose books are they? (the pu-
pils) 3. Whose toy is it? (their cat) 4. Whose dogs are they? (your
neighbours) 5. Whose dress is it? (my mum) 6. Whose table is it?
(the teacher) 7. Whose pencils are they? (the children) 8. Whose
garden is it? (our grandparents) 9. Whose skateboards are they?
(the boys) 10. Whose cages are they? (the tigers)

9 Спроси, кому принадлежат эти предметы. Ответь на вопросы, ис-


пользуя подписи под картинками.

Образец: Whose dog is it? — It’s Nick’s dog.

1. dog / Nick 2. bike / Kate 3. book / Meg 4. dress /


my mother

5. computer / 6. bag / 7. pen / 8. skateboard /


our father her brother the girl the boy

41
This — that / these — those

8 This — that / these — those


Óêàçàòåëüíûå ìåñòîèìåíèÿ
this — that / these — those

Singular Plural
Единственное число Множественное число
this — этот, эта, это these — эти

that — тот, та, то those — те

This is a … / These are … используются при указании на пред-


мет или предметы, которые находятся рядом с говорящим.
That is a … / Those are … используются при указании на пред-
мет или предметы, которые находятся в отдалении от говорящего.

This is an elephant.
That is a bear.

Those are monkeys.


These are foxes.

42
Указательные местоимения this — that / these — those

1 Подчеркни правильный вариант.


1. This is / These are my pen. 2. Those are / That is your
schoolbags there (там). 3. That is / Those are Jenny’s felt-tip pens
there. 4. These are / This is Ben’s books. 5. That is / Those are
our car in the garage. 6. That is / Those are his exercise books
there. 7. This is / These are her pencils. 8. Those are / That is
Kate’s ball in the garden. 9. This is / These are my mum’s bag.
10. These are / This is my dad’s watch.

2 Вставь в предложения this is или these are.


1. This is Nick’s dog and these are his birds. 2. Meg’s
schoolbag and her uniform. 3. the children’s books
and their ball. 4. her parents and her
grandparents. 5. Ted’s kite and his teddy bear.
6. Jenny’s toys and her toys box. 7.
Bill’s pens and his pencils. 8. my dad’s car and
his bicycles. 9. my mum’s cats and her
dog. 10. their aunt’s parrots and their cage.

3 Опиши письменно картинки, используя this / these или that /


those.

Образец: This is a pencil case. Those are apples.


A B

43
This — that / these — those

4 Какие вопросы задаёт маленький мальчик своей маме? Вставь нуж-


ное местоимение.

1. What is that? 2. What is ? 3. What are ?

4. What is ? 5. What are ? 6. What are ?

7. What is ? 8. What are ? 9. What are ?

5 Что отвечает мама на вопросы малыша в упражнении 4? Напиши.


Образе ц: That is a dog.

44
Указательные местоимения this — that / these — those

6 Задай вопросы по картинкам и ответь на них.

— Are those monkeys?


— No, they are not. Those are
bears.

— Is this a dolphin?
— Yes, this is a dolphin.

45
Have got

9 Have got
Îáîðîò have got â çíà÷åíèè èìåòü

Affirmative / Утвердительная форма


Long form / Полная форма Short form / Краткая форма
I have got I’ve got
you have got you’ve got
he has got he’s got
she has got she’s got
it has got it’s got
we have got we’ve got
you have got you’ve got
they have got they’ve got

Negative / Отрицательная форма


Long form / Полная форма Short form / Краткая форма
I have not got I haven’t got
you have not got you haven’t got
he has not got he hasn’t got
she has not got she hasn’t got
it has not got it hasn’t got
we have not got we haven’t got
you have not got you haven’t got
they have not got they haven’t got

I’ve got a dog. It’s got a long furry tail.

46
Оборот have got в значении иметь

1 Напиши о том, что есть у этих людей, заполнив пропуски в пред-


ложениях полными формами оборота have / has got.
1. I a computer. 2. Mary a cat. 3. My
dad a car. 4. Our brother a bicy-
cle. 5. We a camera. 6. They a nice
house. 7. You a beautiful garden. 8. My grandmoth-
er a big dog. 9. Our cat a long tail.
10. His dog four puppies.

2 Напиши о том, чего у этих людей нет, заполнив пропуски обо-


ротом haven’t / hasn’t got.
1. My sister a watch. 2. I a brother.
3. We a country house. 4. Our parrot
a cage. 5. You a piano. 6. He a cam-
era. 7. They a television. 8. His parents
a cat. 9. Our teacher a car. 10. She
a calculator.

3 Напиши десять предложений о том, что есть и чего нет в твоей


семье. Используй полные формы оборота have / has got, have
not / has not got.
Образец: We have got a flat, but we have not got
a country house.

a car, a bicycle, a country house, a flat, a garden, a television,


a piano, a camera, a computer, a bookcase, a desk, a dog, a cat,
a horse, a parrot, a cow, a mouse, a pig

4 Перепиши предложения из упражнения 3, употребив краткие формы.


Образец: We’ve got a flat, but we haven’t got a country
house.

5 Напиши десять предложений о том, что есть и чего нет у твоего


друга или подруги.
Образец: My friend has got a camera, but he/she hasn’t
got a bicycle.

47
Have got

6 Посмотри на картинки и напиши, что у тебя есть, а чего нет. Со-


ставь десять предложений.
Об разе ц: I’ve got a watch, but I haven’t got
a camera.
watch

camera guitar football bicycle calculator

fish computer dog cat

7 Изучи информацию в таблице и напиши о том, что есть и чего


нет у этих детей. Используй краткие формы, где возможно.
Об разе ц: Tom’s got an exercise book, a rubber, a ruler and
a calculator. He hasn’t got an atlas or a pencil.

Tom Amanda Bill and Nick Mary and Ben Dick


exercise exercise exercise
– –
book book book
– atlas – atlases –
ruler ruler – rulers ruler
rubber – rubbers rubbers –
calculator – calculators – –
– pencil pencils – pencil

8 Напиши о своей семье: кто есть в твоей семье, кого нет.


Об разе ц: I’ve got a sister. I haven’t got a brother.

48
Оборот have got в значении иметь

Yes/No Questions Short answers


Общий вопрос Краткий ответ

Have I got …? Yes, I have. / No, I haven’t.

Have you got …? Yes, you have. / No, you haven’t.

Has he got …? Yes, he has. / No, he hasn’t.

Has she got …? Yes, she has. / No, she hasn’t.

Has it got …? Yes, it has. / No, it hasn’t.

Have we got …? Yes, we have. / No, we haven’t.

Have you got …? Yes, you have. / No, you haven’t.


Have they got …? Yes, they have. / No, they haven’t.

В кратких ответах got не употребляется.

9 Дай краткие ответы на вопросы.


1. Have you got a purple pencil? 2. Has your mother got a car?
3. Have you got a sister? 4. Has your brother got a watch?
5. Have you got a bicycle? 6. Have your grandparents got a
house? 7. Has your friend got a camera? 8. Has your sister got
a teddy bear? 9. Has your father got a computer? 10. Has your
cousin got a piano? 11. Have your parents got a country house?

10 Составь вопросы из данных слов.


1. you / got / a computer / have? 2. have / they / a dog / got?
3. got / she / has / a sister? 4. we / have / got / a television?
5. he / got / has / a bicycle? 6. have / you / a bicycle /
got? 7. the baby / has / a toy / got? 8. has / a camera /
got / your brother? 9. got / the children / have / a dictionary?
10. have / her grandparents / a garden / got? 11. your father /
got / a guitar / has?

49
Have got

11 Составь вопросы о том, что есть у детей. Используй данные сло-


ва. Дай краткий ответ на вопросы. Если ответ отрицательный, на-
пиши, что есть на самом деле.

Обра зе ц: — Has Nick got an apple?


— Yes, he has.
Nick / an apple

1. the man / a guitar 2. they / a television 3. the boys / a kite

4. Ann / a schoolbag 5. she / a bicycle 6. they / a fish

7. you / a computer 8. Tom / a dog 9. the girl / a camera

50
Оборот have got в значении иметь

12 Изучи таблицу и напиши вопросы и ответы, как в примере.


Заполни в таблице информацию о себе и напиши о себе.
Об разец: Has Nick got a camera? — No, he hasn’t.

camera dog bicycle computer calculator horse

Nick — — —

Ben and Jill — — — —

you

What have you got?

What haven’t you got?

13 Переведи на английский язык.


1. У тебя есть компьютер? — Да. 2. У них есть собака? —
Нет. 3. У неё есть сад? — Да. 4. У него есть машина? —
Нет. 5. У вас есть загородный дом? — Нет. 6. У Энн есть
брат? — Да. 7. У его родителей есть телевизор? — Нет.
8. У Ричарда есть фотоаппарат? — Да. 9. У нас есть
телефон? — Нет. 10. У меня есть калькулятор? — Да.

14 Скажи о том, что есть у тебя и у твоего друга или подруги.


Можно придумывать любые небылицы. Твой одноклассник должен
догадаться, что правда, а что нет, и сказать об этом. Потом по-
меняйтесь ролями.
You: I’ve got a computer.
Your partner: Yes, you have.
You: Sasha has got a tiger.
Your partner: No, he hasn’t.

51
Countable and Uncountable Nouns; some and any

10 Countable and Uncountable


Nouns; some and any
Èñ÷èñëÿåìûå è íåèñ÷èñëÿåìûå
ñóùåñòâèòåëüíûå; ìåñòîèìåíèÿ some è any

Исчисляемые Неисчисляемые
существительные существительные

Исчисляемые существительные обо- Неисчисляемые существительные


значают предметы, которые можно обозначают предметы, которые по-
посчитать, у них есть форма мно- считать нельзя, у них нет формы
жественного числа, в форме един- множественного числа, с неопреде-
ственного числа они могут упо- лённым артиклем они не употреб-
требляться c неопределённым ляется.
артиклем.

Some употребляется с исчисляемым Some при употреблении с неисчис-


существительным в форме множест- ляемыми существительными указы-
венного числа; указывает на то, что вает на некоторое, точно не опре-
предметов много и их количество деляемое количество: some bread,
неважно: some apples, some books. some milk, some snow.

1 Распредели существительные в две колонки: исчисляемые и неис-


числяемые. Значение незнакомых слов посмотри в словаре.

pen, table, water, juice, cheese, egg, fish, bread, milk, meat, house,
snow, orange, tiger, sugar, music, ball, cherry, potato, tea, cat, coffee,
apple, salt, chair, paper, tomato, rice, wood

Исчисляемые Неисчисляемые
существительные существительные

52
Исчисляемые
Исчисляемые
и неисчисляемые
и неисчисляемые
существительные;
существительные;
местоименияsome
some ии any

2 Вставь в пропуски a, an или some.


Об разец: an orange, some coffee.
1. banana 9. milk
2. water 10. balls
3. dogs 11. bread
4. snow 12. butter
5. pencil 13. sugar
6. juice 14. sandwich
7. cherries 15. tea
8. boys 16. eggs

3 Напиши по-английски названия нарисованных продуктов, употребляя


a, an или some.

some cheese and

53
Countable and Uncountable Nouns; some and any

4 Перед тобой рецепт фруктового салата. Заполни пропуски словами


a, an или some.
Fruit salad
(1) peach, (2) apple, (3)
cherries, (4) orange, (5) grapes,
(6) strawberries, (7) pear, (8)
banana, (9) plums and (10) juice.

Если предметы легко пересчитать, Если неизвестно, сколько точно пред-


следует употреблять числительное метов, или их количество неважно,
перед исчисляемым существитель- следует употреблять some перед ис-
ным: числяемым существительным:
three apples, five cakes, seven some apples, some books, some
strawberries, two oranges. eggs.

Перед неисчисляемыми существительными употребляется some:


some milk, some tea, some bread, some water, some meat, some
cheese.

5 Расставь слова в нужном порядке, чтобы получились предложения.


Об разе ц: some / has got / mother / milk — Mother has
got some milk.
1. I’ve / some / got / bread
2. some / got / cheese / they’ve
3. milk / he’s / some / got
4. lemons / she’s / got / some
5. we’ve / some / juice / got
6. some / meat / got / you’ve
7. three / got / apples / I’ve
8. she’s / some / got / chocolate
9. potatoes / six / we’ve / got
10. got / he’s / sugar / some
11. mother / four / has got / oranges
12. four / the dog / has got / paws

54
Исчисляемые
Исчисляемые
и неисчисляемые
и неисчисляемые
существительные;
существительные;
местоименияsome
some ии any

В вопросах и отрицательных предложениях употребляется any


со всеми существительными: и с исчисляемыми, и с неисчисляе-
мыми.
Have you got any tomatoes? — No, I haven’t got any tomatoes.
Have you got any bread? — No, I haven’t got any bread.

6 Напиши, чего у них нет. Используй слова в скобках.


Об разец: I haven’t got any water. (I / water)
11. (you / bread)
12. (we / apples)
13. (they / cheese)
14. (he / fish)
15. (I / juice)
16. (she / tomatoes)
17. (it / meat)
18. (you / salt)
19. (the children / pencils)

7 Задай вопросы о том, что у них есть. Используй слова в скобках.


Образец: Has the girl got any oranges?
(the girl / oranges)
11. (you / sugar)
12. (the boy / felt-tip pens)
13. (they / salt)
14. (she / carrots)
15. (I / tea)
16. (we / bananas)
17. (the cat / milk)
18. (you / potatoes)
19. (they / chocolate)
10. (we / tomatoes)
11. (I / bread)
12. (the dog / water)

55
Countable and Uncountable Nouns; some and any

8 Вставь any или some в пропуски в предложениях.

11. Have you got apple juice? — No, I haven’t got


apple juice. I’ve got orange juice.
12. Have we got flour for a cherry cake? — No, we
haven’t got flour. We’ve got bread.
13. Has he got cheese for a sandwich? — No, he hasn’t
got cheese. He’s got butter.
14. Have they got mineral water? — No, they haven’t got
water. They’ve got milk.
15. Has she got tea? — No, she hasn’t got
tea. She’s got coffee.
16. Has the dog got meat? — No, it hasn’t got
meat. It’s got porridge.
17. Has the cat got milk? — No, it hasn’t got
milk. It’s got cream.
18. Have I got sugar? — No, you haven’t got
sugar. You’ve got sweets.
19. Have they got milk for the milkshake? — No, they
haven’t got milk. They’ve got strawberries.
10. Have we got bread? — No, we haven’t got
bread. We’ve got cakes.

9 Ответь отрицательно на вопросы. В ответах используй подсказки.


Об разе ц: — Have you got any apples? (bananas)
— No, I haven’t got any apples.
I’ve got some bananas.
1. Have you got any flowers in your classroom? (fish) 2. Has Ben
got any potatoes in the kitchen garden? (tomatoes) 3. Have they
got any meat in the fridge? (cheese) 4. Has Kate got any sand-
wiches in her lunch box? (cakes) 5. Have we got any sugar at
home? (sweets) 6. Has he got any bread? (biscuits) 7. Has mother
got any pies? (cakes) 8. Has your brother got any paints? (col-
oured pencils) 9. Have they got any pictures on the walls? (photos)

56
Исчисляемые
Исчисляемые
и неисчисляемые
и неисчисляемые
существительные;
существительные;
местоименияsome
some ии any

10 Спроси, что есть у этих людей, и ответь на вопросы.

Образе ц: — Have the girls got any books?


— No, they haven’t got any books.
They’ve got some exercise books.
books /
exercise books

1. schoolbags / books 2. balls / balloons 3. teddy bears / dolls

4. salt and sweets / 5. meat and vegetables / 6. tea / coffee


sugar and flour fish and chips

7. biscuits / pies 8. butter and cakes / 9. mineral water / juice


bread and cheese

57
How much? How many?

11 How much? How many?


Ñêîëüêî?

С неисчисляемыми существитель- С исчисляемыми существитель-


ными в вопросительных и отрица- ными в вопросительных и отрица-
тельных предложениях используются тельных предложениях используются
much и how much: many и how many:
How much sugar have we got? How many eggs have we got?
We haven’t got much sugar. We haven’t got many eggs.

В утвердительных предложениях и с исчисляемыми, и с неис-


числяемыми существительными в значении «много» используются
a lot of / lots of.
We’ve got a lot of sugar.
We’ve got lots of eggs.

1 Посмотри на картинку и напиши названия этих продуктов,


употребляя a, an, some.

bread, flour, meat, grapes, juice, tea,


coffee, bananas, apples, radishes,
tomatoes, onion

58
Сколько?

2 Задай вопросы о количестве продуктов на рисунке в упражнении 1.


Запиши их в тетрадь.
Образец: How much meat has the woman got?
How many onions has she got?
3 Ответь на вопросы, составленные тобой в упражнении 2.
Образец: The woman has got a lot of meat. She hasn’t
got many onions.
4 Вставь в вопросы слова how much или how many.
1. books have you got?
2. pupils has she got?
3. grapes has he got?
4. water have we got?
5. salt have they got?
6. chocolate has she got?
7. toys have you got?
8. apple trees have they got?
9. cats has he got?
10. cheese have I got?
11. pens has she got?
12. kittens has the cat got?
13. puppies has the dog got?
14. tea have we got?
5 Переведи письменно на английский язык.
1. Сколько у нас есть молока? — У нас много молока. 2. Сколько
у тебя яблок? — У меня немного яблок. 3. Сколько у вас
хлеба? — У нас немного хлеба. 4. Сколько яиц у них есть? —
У них много яиц. 5. Сколько времени у меня есть? — У тебя
немного времени. 6. Сколько шоколада у него есть? — У него
много шоколада. 7. Сколько у неё кустов? — У неё немного
кустов, но много деревьев. 8. Сколько у собаки мяса? — У неё
много мяса. 9. Сколько у нас сливочного масла? — У нас
немного масла. 10. Сколько у вас помидоров? — У нас немного
помидоров, но у нас много огурцов.

59
How much? How many?

6 Представь, что ты собираешься делать картофельный суп, овощной


салат и яблочно-сливовый пирог. Спроси, какое количество нужных
продуктов у вас есть. Запиши вопросы в тетрадь.

Apple and plum cake

Potato soup
Vegetable salad

Образец: How much salt have we got?


How many apples have we got?

60
Сколько?

7 Спроси, сколько родственников и домашних животных есть у твоего


одноклассника. Используй данные слова.
Образец: How many sisters have you got?

brother, sister, aunt, uncle, grandmother, grandfather, cousin, cat, dog,


bird, horse, hamster, goldfish, guinea-pig, budgie, tortoise

8 Ответь на вопросы упражнения 7, как будто их задали тебе.


Об разец: I haven’t got any sisters. / I’ve got one sister.

9 Представь, что ты собрался в магазин, чтобы купить продукты.


Спроси у мамы, какое количество разных продуктов у вас есть.
Об разец: How much butter have we got? How many to-
matoes have we got?

butter

o es
tomat meat

a l w ater
mine r tea

es oes
orang potat

e juice
chees

coffee

61
Present Simple with I, you, we, they

12 Present Simple with


I, you, we, they
Ïðîñòîå íàñòîÿùåå âðåìÿ
ñ ìåñòîèìåíèÿìè I, you, we, they

Affirmative Negative
Утвердительная форма Отрицательная форма

I like / do / play / have I do not like / do / play / have =


I don’t like / do / play / have
you like / do / play / have you do not like / do / play / have =
you don’t like/ do / play / have
we like / do / play / have we do not like / do / play / have =
we don’t like / do / play / have

they like / do / play / have they do not like / do / play / have =


they don’t like / do / play / have

Форма простого настоящего времени Present Simple используется,


когда нужно описать:
1) регулярно повторяющееся действие: I get up at 7 o’clock;
2) объективные факты, не зависящие от говорящего: We wear
school uniform.
При образовании отрицательной и вопросительной форм Present
Simple используется вспомогательный глагол do.

1 Запомни английские слова, которые часто употребляются в пред-


ложениях в Present Simple.
usually — обычно
often — часто
seldom — редко
sometimes — иногда
never — никогда
every day — каждый день

62
Простое настоящее время с местоимениями I, you, we, they

2 Напиши, что ты обычно делаешь и чего не делаешь в свободное


время. Используй словосочетания из рамки. Значение незнакомых
слов посмотри в словаре.
Образец: I watch cartoons. I don’t go to the cinema.

read books, watch television, read comics, listen to music, play


computer games, play football, play hide-and-seek, phone friends, play
the guitar, watch cartoons, ride a bicycle, listen to the radio, play
with my toys, play with my friends, play tennis, go to the park, drink
juice, eat biscuits, go to the zoo, write emails, go to the cinema

Запомни!
have breakfast — завтракать
have dinner — ужинать
have lunch — обедать
have a shower — принимать душ

3 Напиши, что вы с другом обычно делаете каждый день и чего не


делаете.
Образец: We go to school. We don’t watch cartoons.

get up at seven o’clock, go to school, have breakfast at home, do our


homework, play computer games, have Music lessons, have lunch at
school, play with our friends, play the guitar, watch television, listen to
music, play with our toys, go to bed at ten o’clock, play tennis, go to
the park, go to the zoo, wear school uniform, go to the cinema

4 Эти предложения содержат неверную информацию. Исправь их.


Воспользуйся подсказками. Незнакомые слова посмотри в словаре.
Образец: Pandas live in America. (China) — Pandas don’t
live in America. They live in China.
1. Kangaroos live in Africa. (Australia) 2. Bananas grow in cold
countries. (hot) 3. Penguins live in hot countries. (cold) 4. Birds
fly in the sea. (in the sky) 5. Apples grow on bushes. (on trees)
6. Fish swim in the sky. (in the sea) 7. Tigers live in Africa. (in
Asia) 8. Lions live in America. (in Africa) 9. Dolphins swim in the
river. (in the sea) 10. Strawberries grow on trees. (on the ground)

63
Present
PresentSimple
Simplewith
withI,I,you,
you,we,
we,they
they

5 Напиши, сколько учеников любит эти предметы, а сколько не лю-


бит. Числа пиши словами.
Об разе ц: Thirteen pupils like Music and seven pupils
don’t like Music.

Subjects

Maths 5 15

Russian 14 6

Literature 11 9

Science 10 10

Music 13 7

Art 16 4

Physical Education (PE) 18 2

English 12 8

Handicrafts 17 3

Information Technology (IT) 20 0

6 Вставь глаголы, данные в рамке, в текст.

do (u2), get up, go (u4), have (u 2),


play, read, watch, wash, start

Nick and
Debby (1) at seven thirty. They (2)
their faces and hands and (3) ex-
ercise. They (4) breakfast at eight. Then they (5)
to school. Lessons (6) at nine o’clock.
The children (7) lunch at school. Then they (8)
home. At home they (9) their home-
work and then (10) for a walk. After that they (11)
books, (12) games or (13)
television. They (14) to bed at ten o’clock.

64
Простое настоящее время с местоимениями I, you, we, they

7 Сравни свой день с тем, как его проводят Ник и Дебби.


Об разе ц: Nick and Debby have breakfast at eight
o’clock. I have breakfast at seven thirty.
1. Nick and Debby have breakfast at eight o’clock. 2. They go
to school at eight thirty. 3. Their lessons start at nine o’clock.
4. They study from nine o’clock to one o’clock. 5. They have
lunch at school. 6. They go home at two o’clock. 7. They do
their homework and go for a walk before dinner. 8. After dinner
they play games, read books or watch television. 9. They go to
bed at ten o’clock. 10. They listen to fairy tales in bed.
8 Напиши, что эти дети делают в разные дни недели, чего они не
делают.
Образец: On Monday Ted and Samantha go to the
swimming pool. They don’t listen to music.

Ted and Samantha Molly and Nick


on Monday go to the swimming pool listen to music
on Tuesday play football read books
on Wednesday play with their friends watch cartoons
on Thursday go to the cinema read comics
on Friday go to the park write emails
on Saturday ride a bicycle play with their toys
on Sunday go to their friends’ place go to the zoo

9 Напиши, что ты обычно делаешь в разные дни недели и почему.


Об разец: On Sunday I usually go to the zoo.
I like animals.

on Monday, on Tuesday, on Wednesday, on Thursday,


on Friday, on Saturday, on Sunday

draw pictures, go to the theatre, sing songs, speak English, listen


to music, go for a walk, read books, play with my friends, go to the
swimming pool, watch cartoons, clean my room

65
Present
PresentSimple
Simplewith
withI,I,you,
you,we,
we,they
they

10 Напиши, какие у вас уроки в разные дни недели и что вы обычно


делаете на этих уроках, а чего не делаете.
Об разе ц: On Monday we have Maths. We usually count
in our Maths lessons. We don’t run.

read, write, listen to the teacher, watch nature, jump, run, do exercise,
sing, draw, paint, count, speak English, write on the blackboard, listen
to music, work on the computer, play with toys, play computer games,
play hide-and-seek, eat, drink

11 Напиши, что они делают и чего не делают.


Образе ц: live / in London / in New York
They live in London. They don’t live in New
York.
1. They . They .
(work / in the office / in a hospital)
2. They . They .
(have tea / have coffee)
3. They . They .
(have lunch / at school / at home)
4. They . They .
(go for a walk / in the evening / watch television)
5. They . They .
(go to bed / at ten / at eleven)
6. They . They .
(like / fish / meat)
7. They . They .
(read books / after school / play computer games)
8. They . They .
(play the piano / on Sundays / play the guitar)
9. They . They .
(go to school / work)
10. They . They .
(swim in the swimming pool / in the sea)
11. They . They .
(go to the park / at weekends / stay at home)

66
Простое настоящее время с местоимениями I, you, we, they

Yes / No Questions Short Answers


Общий вопрос Краткий ответ

Do I like / swim / go? Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.

Do you like / swim / go? Yes, you do. / No, you don’t.

Do we like / swim / go? Yes, we do. / No, we don’t.

Do they like / swim / go? Yes, they do. / No, they don’t.

12 Составь вопросы из данных слов.


Образе ц: 1. Do penguins swim in the sea?
1. penguins / swim / do / in the sea? 2. like / cats / fish /
do? 3. tomatoes / eat / do / dogs? 4. live / elephants / in
Australia / do? 5. do / play / your friends / the guitar? 6. tigers /
do / live / in Asia? 7. the children / orange juice / like / do?
8. read / the pupils / do / books? 9. babies / do / television /
watch? 10. in bed / lions / do / sleep? 11. computer games /
your parents / do / play?

13 Дай краткий ответ на вопросы о себе.


1. Do you like school?
2. Do you like Maths lessons?
3. Do you play the piano?
4. Do you get up at six o’clock?
5. Do you have breakfast at home?
6. Do you walk to school?
7. Do you cook dinner?
8. Do you drink lemonade?
9. Do you go to the theatre?
10. Do you ride a bicycle?
11. Do you read magazines?

67
Present
PresentSimple
Simplewith
withI,I,you,
you,we,
we,they
they

12. Do you solve puzzles?


13. Do you eat carrots?
14. Do you like ice cream?
15. Do you play computer games?
16. Do you listen to music?
17. Do you watch television after school?
18. Do you read books in bed?
19. Do you go to bed at ten o’clock?
20. Do you like sports?
21. Do you go to the swimming pool?
22. Do you do your homework in the evening?

14 На основе вопросов упражнения 13 напиши о себе.


Образе ц: I like school. I don’t like our school uniform.

15 Напиши вопросы, чтобы выяснить, чем обычно занимаются в вы-


ходные в вашей семье. Ответь на них.
Об разе ц: Do we go to the cinema? — No, we don’t.

go to the theatre, go to the swimming pool, go to the park, go to


the circus, cook dinner, read books, watch television, walk the dog,
play computer games, ride bicycles, play musical instruments, sing
songs, listen to music, solve puzzles, play with the cat

16 Составь несколько вопросов для викторины о животных. Используй


данные слова.
Образе ц: Do penguins eat fish?

penguins, tigers, elephants, pandas, kangaroos, foxes, birds, dolphins,


lions, butterflies, snakes, frogs

in Africa / Australia / Asia / America, big ears, long tails, strong


paws, in the sea, in the sky, meat, grass, insects, other animals,
water, lemonade, tea
live, have, swim, fly, eat, drink, run, jump, sleep, enjoy

68
Простое настоящее время с местоимениями I, you, we, they

17 Составь вопросы для друзей, чтобы выяснить, чем они обычно


занимаются. Воспользуйся подсказками. Задай все возможные во-
просы по теме.
Об разе ц: Do you play tennis?
Sport: football, tennis, volleyball, basketball
Reading: books, comics, magazines
Music: the piano, the guitar, the violin
At home: television, computer games, the radio
Going out: the theatre, the park, the cinema
Games: hide-and-seek, hopscotch, tag

18 Прочитай текст в упражнении 6 ещё раз и ответь на вопросы.

1. Do Nick and Debby get up at seven o’clock?


No, they don’t. They get up at seven thirty.
2. Do they do exercise? 3. Do they have breakfast at seven thirty?
4. Do they stay at home after breakfast? 5. Do the lessons start
at nine o’clock? 6. Do the children have lunch at home? 7. Do
the children do their homework after school? 8. Do they go to
the swimming pool then? 9. Do they watch television? 10. Do they
go to bed at eleven o’clock? 11. Do they read in bed?

19 Прочитай рассказ и составь к нему вопросы. Дай краткий ответ


на вопросы.
Об разе ц: Do Bess and Kate go to school together? —
Yes, they do.
Bess and Kate are friends. They go to school together. They like
school. They don’t like their school uniform. They like sport. They
play tennis and go to the swimming pool. They don’t play football.
They read books and magazines. They don’t read comics. They
watch cartoons. They don’t watch films. On Sundays the girls walk
in the park or go to the cinema.

69
Present Simple with he, she, it

13 Present Simple with he, she, it


Ïðîñòîå íàñòîÿùåå âðåìÿ
ñ ìåñòîèìåíèÿìè he, she, it

Affirmative Negative
Утвердительная форма Отрицательная форма

he likes / swims / plays / has he does not like / swim / play / have =
he doesn’t like / swim / play / have
she likes / swims / plays / has she does not like / swim / play / have =
she doesn’t like / swim / play / have
it likes / swims / plays / has it does not like / swim / play / have =
it doesn’t like / swim / play / have

У глаголов в 3-м лице единственного числа в Present Simple


к основной форме глагола (инфинитиву) добавляется окончание -s
или -es.
В отрицательной и вопросительной формах окончание -es добав-
ляется к вспомогательному глаголу do, смысловой глагол в этих
формах употребляется в основной форме (инфинитиве).

глаголы, которые глаголы, которые


оканчиваются оканчиваются на согласную + y,
на ch, s, sh, x, o + -es меняют y на ie + -s

watch — watches carry — carries


miss — misses bury — buries
[z]
wash — washes hurry — hurries
mix — mixes study — studies
go — goes [z] fly — flies
do [du:] — does [dz] try — tries

70
Простое настоящее время с местоимениями he, she, it

1 Образуй форму 3-го лица простого настоящего времени данных


глаголов. Распредели их в соответствующие колонки.

go, get, do, play, carry, wash, miss, dry, watch, study, run,
say, walk, mix, catch, start, fly, see, try, kiss, make, like,
read, write, stay, hurry

s es ies

2 Напиши, что в какое время ты делаешь. Затем обменяйся с одно-


классником тетрадями и скажи, что в какое время делает он /
она.
Образец: He / she gets up at seven thirty.
1. I get up at seven o’clock.
2. I have breakfast at
3. I go to school at
4. I go home at
5. I have lunch at
6. I do my homework at
7. I have dinner at
8. I play with my toys at
9. I go for a walk at
10. I watch television at
11. I go to bed at

71
Present Simple with he, she, it

3 Вставь в пропуски в тексте глаголы, данные справа, в нужной форме.

Every day Dick (1) at seven o’clock. get up


Pam (2) at seven because she not get up
(3) to school. not go
Dick (4) breakfast at seven thirty. have
Usually he (5) porridge and eat
(6) tea with biscuits. drink
He (7) coffee or sandwiches. not like
Dick (8) to school, because walk
he (9) to go by bus. not want
School (10) at nine o’clock. start
Usually Dick (11) five lessons. have
He (12) school at one o’clock. leave
Dick (13) at school after the lessons. not stay
He (14) home. go
At home he (15) lunch and have
(16) his homework. do

4 Изучи таблицу и напиши, кто что любит и не любит есть.


Образе ц: Dick likes peaches, tomatoes and meat, but he
doesn’t like orange juice, sweets, milk or bones.

Dick Pam Spot (the dog)

peaches —

sweets — —

tomatoes — —

milk — —

orange juice —

meat — —

bones —

72
Простое настоящее время с местоимениями he, she, it

5 Изучи таблицу и напиши, что Ник делает каждый день и чего он


не делает.
Образец: Nick washes his face and hands every day, he
doesn’t go to the theatre every day.

every day not every day

do one's homework play computer games

go to school watch cartoons

eat apples or oranges eat pizza

have breakfast tidy the room

brush one’s teeth ride one's bicycle

read books listen to music

walk the dog solve puzzles

wash the dishes swim in the swimming pool

6 Напиши, что дети делают в разные дни недели.


Об разец: On Monday Roger goes to school. Amanda
doesn’t go to school. She goes to the doctor.

Amanda Roger

Monday go to the doctor go to school

Tuesday draw pictures swim in the swimming pool

Wednesday sing songs listen to music

Thursday play with her doll ride a bicycle

Friday solve puzzles play computer games

Saturday go to the theatre go to the cinema

Sunday watch cartoons play with the friends

73
Present Simple with he, she, it

7 Напиши, что обычно мама Ника делает каждый день. Заполни про-
пуски правильной формой глагола.
Usually Nick’s mother (1) (get up) at seven. She
(2) (cook) breakfast for her children and (3)
(wash) the dishes. She (4) (not
work). She is a housewife. Then she (5) (go) shop-
ping and (6) (carry) home bags with food. At home
she (7) (clean) the rooms and (8)
(cook) meals. Nick (9) (come) home at two o’clock
and (10) (have) lunch. Then Nick’s mother (11)
(read) books and (12) (watch) tel-
evision, she (13) (not help) Nick with his homework.

8 Переведи на английский язык.


1. Он встаёт в семь часов, завтракает и идёт в школу. 2. Она
умывается и чистит зубы. Обычно она не делает зарядку.
3. Мама готовит обед, а я мою посуду. 4. Папа работает
в больнице. Он выходит из дома в 8 часов. 5. Папа ходит
в больницу пешком. Он не ездит на автобусе. 6. Мама не ра-
ботает, она домохозяйка. 7. Ник приходит домой в три часа
и делает уроки. 8. Мама ходит за покупками и готовит обед.
Она не выгуливает собаку. 9. Пэм смотрит мультфильмы и идёт
спать. Она не читает в постели. 10. В воскресенье Ник ходит
в парк и играет с друзьями.

Yes / No Questions Short Answers


Общий вопрос Краткий ответ
Does he like / swim / play / have? Yes, he does. /
No, he doesn’t.
Does she like / swim / play / have? Yes, she does. /
No, she doesn’t.
Does it like / swim / play / have? Yes, it does. /
No, it doesn’t.

74
Простое настоящее время с местоимениями he, she, it

9 Прочитай ещё раз текст в упражнении 3 и ответь на вопросы.


1. Does Dick get up at seven thirty?
No, he doesn’t. He gets up at seven o’clock.
2. Does Pam get up at seven? 3. Does she go to school?
4. Does Dick have breakfast at home? 5. Does he have coffee
and sandwiches for breakfast? 6. Does he have porridge and tea?
7. Does he get to school by bus? 8. Does he walk to school? 9.
Does school start at eight thirty? 10. Does Dick have four lessons?
11. Does he leave school at one o’clock?

10 Составь вопросы из данных слов.


Образе ц: Does Helen go to school?
1. does / go / Helen / to school? 2. Fluffy / like / does / milk?
3. Nick / go / does / to the swimming pool? 4. does / like /
Spot / meat? 5. your mother / does / a car / drive? 6. ride /
your brother / does / a bicycle? 7. Mr Brown / watch / in the
evening / does / television? 8. like / does / Mrs Brown / clas-
sic music? 9. does / play / the piano / Emma? 10. the horse /
grass / eat / does?

11 Изучи таблицу и задай вопросы о том, что любят и чего не любят


есть эти дети. Дай краткий ответ на вопросы.
Об разе ц: — Does Mike like orange juice?
— No, he doesn’t.

Jenny Mike

orange juice —
peaches —
cucumbers —
tomatoes —
potatoes —
tea —
mineral water —
porridge —
chocolate —

75
Present Simple with he, she, it

12 Ответь на вопросы о своём друге или подруге.


1. Does your friend like school? 2. Does your friend like Art les-
sons? 3. Does your friend play volleyball? 4. Does your friend
read newspapers? 5. Does your friend watch cartoons? 6. Does
your friend ride a bicycle? 7. Does your friend walk to school?
8. Does your friend like tomato and cheese sandwiches? 9. Does
your friend go to the zoo? 10. Does your friend often phone you?

13 На основе вопросов упражнения 12 напиши о своём друге.


Об разе ц: My friend likes school. He doesn’t like Art les-
sons. He likes Maths lessons.

14 Составь вопросы для того, чтобы узнать, что предпочитает делать


твой друг или подруга в выходные дни. Используй данные слова.
Образе ц: Does he / she go to the park?

go to the park, play tennis, ride a bicycle, play computer games, go


to the zoo, read comics, listen to music, play the guitar, swim in
the swimming pool, write emails, write poems, watch television, play
hopscotch / tag, cook dinner, read books, go to the circus

15 Прочитай текст и задай к нему вопросы. Дай краткий ответ на


вопросы.
Образе ц: — Does Red Riding Hood go to school?
— No, she doesn’t.
Red Riding Hood goes to visit her grandmother. Her mother gives
her some cakes, some butter, some milk and cheese. Red Riding
Hood carries the basket with the food. She goes through ([ru:]
через) the forest. In the forest she meets a wolf. The Wolf wants
to eat Red Riding Hood. Then he decides to eat her grandmother
too. He goes to the grandmother’s house, swallows ([swl
z]
глотает) her and pretends ([prtendz] притворяется) he is the
grandmother. Red Riding Hood comes to the house and knocks

76
Простое настоящее время с местоимениями he, she, it

([nks] стучит) at the door. She goes into the house and sees
the Wolf in her grandmother’s bed and in her clothes.
“Why have you got such big eyes?” asks Red Riding Hood.
“To better ([bet] лучше) see you,” says the Wolf.
“Why have you got such big ears?” asks Red Riding Hood.
“To better hear you,” says the Wolf.
“Why have you got such big teeth?” asks Red Riding Hood.
“To better eat you up,” says the Wolf.
And the Wolf eats up poor Red Riding Hood.
Then come the hunters ([hntz] охотники), kill the Wolf and
save the grandmother and Red Riding Hood.

16 Задай вопросы с данными словами, чтобы уточнить, что Красная


Шапочка несёт в корзинке.
Образе ц: Does she carry any biscuits? — No, she doesn’t.

cakes, water, cherries, apples, milk, tomatoes, bread, cheese,


chocolate, butter, tea, peaches, biscuits, bananas, juice, honey

77
Questions with who, what, when, where, why

14 Questions with who, what,


when, where, why
Ñïåöèàëüíûå âîïðîñû

Вопросительные слова
who — кто when — когда
where — где why — почему
what — что what time — когда, в какое время

Does Nick like sport? — Yes, he does.


What does Nick play? — Tennis.
Where does he play? — In the sports ground.
When does he play? — After school.
Why does he play? — He likes tennis.
Who does he play with? — With his friend.
What time does the game start? — At three o’clock.

1 Составь вопросы из данных слов.


1. What / play / you / do?
2. do / play / When / you?
3. you / play / do / Where?
4. Who / play with / you / do?
5. does / the game / What time / start?
6. When / finish / the game / does?
7. like / Why / do / you / it?

2 Представь, что тебе задали вопросы из упражнения 1. Ответь на


них письменно.

78
Специальные вопросы

3 Вставь в пропуски подходящие вопросительные слова: what, who,


when, where, why, what time.
1. Where do you live?
2. does he get up?
3. does she study?
4. do they have for breakfast?
5. does your father leave home in the morning?
6. does her mother work?
7. do the lessons start?
8. do we have lunch? At school or at home?
9. do you go to school with?
10. do you go after school?
11. does your brother do his homework? Before
or after school?
12. do you want for your birthday?
13. do they usually do on Sundays?
14. do we go on holidays?
15. does she usually read?
16. do you play tennis with?
17. do you usually spend your summer holidays?
18. do you like your friends?
19. do you like your English lessons?

4 Задай уточняющие вопросы к предложениям, используя вопроси-


тельные слова в скобках.
Образец: 1. Who does she go to school with?
1. He / she goes to school. (Who with)
2. He / she watches television. (When)
3. He / she has dinner. (When)
4. He / she has a piano lesson on Tuesday. (What time)
5. He / she likes to eat. (What)
6. He / she takes his / her brother to school. (What time)
7. He / she plays board games. (Who with)
8. He / she watches cartoons on television. (When)
9. He / she reads. (What)

79
Questions with who, what, when, where, why

10. He / she plays football / tennis. (Who with)


11. He / she walks the dog. (Where)
12. He / she goes out on Sunday. (Where)
13. He / she leaves home for school. (What time)
14. He / she plays games with his / her friends. (What games)
15. He / she swims on Saturdays. (Where)

5 Подготовь вопросы для одноклассника. Используй данные в рамке


слова и what, what time, who, when, where, why.
Образе ц: What time do you go to school?
the lessons start, the lessons finish, have lunch, go home, do homework,
play games, read, watch television, walk the dog, swim, have a piano
lesson, ride a bicycle, play with the friends, play in the playground,
go out, like school uniform, like Maths, play football, go to bed

6 Твой друг рассказывает, что он обычно делает. Расспроси его под-


робнее. Используй вопросительные слова в скобках.
1. I go out on Saturday. (where)
2. I play games after school. (what games)
3. I read in the evening. (what)
4. I watch cartoons on television. (when)
5. I walk in the park in the afternoon. (who with)
6. I have a guitar lesson on Friday. (what time)
7. I play basketball. (where)
8. I go to the sports club. (when)
9. I cook dinner in the evening. (who with)
10. I go to bed. (what time)
11. I like school. (why)

7 Задай вопросы однокласснику, чтобы узнать о его / её любимом


занятии (хобби). Спроси, какое у него / неё любимое занятие, по-
чему оно ему / ей нравится, в какие дни, во сколько и где он /
она им занимается, сколько раз в неделю и с кем.
Представь, что у одноклассника любимое занятие — одно из пере-
численных в рамке. Дай ответы на вопросы.

swimming, playing computer games, reading, playing football,


watching television, playing the trumpet, diving, skiing, roller-skating

80
Специальные вопросы

8 Напиши ответы на вопросы.


1. What months have got thirty days?

2. What months have got thirty-one days?

3. What month has got twenty-eight or twenty-nine days?

9 Прочитай отрывок из стихотворения Редьярда Киплинга и сравни с


русским переводом. О какой шестёрке слуг идёт речь? Почему они
так важны? Подумай, почему вопросительные слова в английском
языке называют wh-words [dblju: et w:dz].

I keep six honest serving men Есть у меня шестёрка слуг,


(They taught me all I knew); Проворных, удалых,
Their names are What И всё, что знаю я вокруг,
and Why and When Всё знаю я от них.
And How and Where Они по зову моему
and Who. Являются в нужде.
Rudyard Kipling Зовут их как и почему,
Кто, что, когда и где.
Корней Чуковский

10 Какое новое вопросительное слово ты узнал из стихотворения Ки-


плинга? Как оно переводится на русский язык?

81
Imperatives

15 Imperatives
Ïîâåëèòåëüíîå íàêëîíåíèå

Affirmative Negative
Утвердительная форма Отрицательная форма
Основная форма глагола Do not (Don’t) + основная форма
(инфинитив) без частицы to: глагола (инфинитив):
Get up. Don’t get up. Don’t go so fast.
Go to sleep. Do your homework. Don’t do it again. Don’t play with
Wash your hands, please. Be careful. matches. Don’t be naughty.

1 Подбери фразы к рисункам.


Wash the dishes, please. Don’t eat sweets. Eat your lunch, please.
Take the umbrella. Open the door, please. Don’t talk. Tidy the
room, please. Close the window, please. Don’t drink so much cola.

1 2 3

4 5 6

7 8 9

82
Повелительное наклонение

Повелительное наклонение употребляется в приказах,


предостережениях, инструкциях, советах.

2 Напиши, что учитель велит или не велит вам делать в классе.

answer, close, eat, find, learn, read, listen, open, play (u 2),
sit (u 2), stand, come (u 2), talk, work, write, run

1. Don’t talk in class. 2. Come to the blackboard, please.


3. my questions, please. 4.
the text. 5. your books at page 40.
6. in pairs. 7. in class.
8. on the desk. 9.
sandwiches in class. 10. exercise 1 on page 13.
11. to me. 12. the door, please.
13. the game with your partner. 14. to
the window. 15. down. 16.
up. 17. the words. 18.
the answer. 19. football in class.

3 Напиши, что мама просит тебя сделать в каждом случае.


Об разец: You don’t eat your breakfast. Eat your breakfast.
1. You don’t get up. 2. You jump on your bed. 3. You don’t drink
your milk. 4. You read in bed. 5. You don’t go to bed. 6. You
don’t do your homework. 7. You watch television all day. 8. You
don’t brush your teeth. 9. You shout at your little brother. 10. You
listen to loud music.

4 Допиши рецепт приготовления фруктового салата. Употреби пове-


лительное наклонение глаголов.

mix, take, cut, put, wash, add, enjoy, dry

(1) two apples, one orange, one grapefruit, some


grapes and two bananas. (2) the fruit and
(3) them. (4) the fruit
into small pieces. (5) them into a bowl and
(6) some juice. (7) every-
thing. Now (8) the fruit salad.

83
Imperatives еиненолкан еоньлетилевоП

5 Напиши, что приказывают эти знаки. Используй слова в рамочке.

1 2 3 4 5

6 7 8 9 10

11 12 13 14

stop, go, drop litter ([lt] мусор), walk on the grass, pick
the flowers, touch, play music, turn left, turn right, go straight,
ride the bicycle, swim, drink the water, use mobile phones

6 Переведи на английский язык.


1. Полей цветы, пожалуйста. 2. Не ходите по траве. 3. Не
рвите цветы. 4. Выпей своё молоко. 5. Не читай в постели.
6. Сделай уроки. 7. Помой посуду, пожалуйста. 8. Не пей
так много колы. 9. Не ешь конфеты и мороженое в театре.
10. Не слушайте громкую музыку. 11. Иди спать. 12. Закрой,
пожалуйста, окно. 13. Откройте свои книги. 14. Возьми зонтик.
15. Идите прямо и поверните направо. 16. Не бросайте мусор.
17. Послушайте меня. 18. Не купайся сегодня. 19. Не пользуйся
мобильным телефоном на уроке.

84
ytilibissop rof naС

16 Ñan for possibility


Ìîäàëüíûé ãëàãîë can
â çíà÷åíèè óìåòü, ìî÷ü

Can выражает возможность или способность совершить действие.

Affirmative Negative
Утвердительная форма Отрицательная форма

I I
you you
he he
she she
can sing cannot (can’t) sing
it it
we we
you you
they they

Основная форма глагола (инфинитив) после can употребляется без


частицы to.

They can sing. He can’t sing.

85
Сan for possibility

1 Напиши, что они умеют делать и умеешь ли ты делать это.


Об разе ц: She can read, and I can read. He can draw, but
I can’t draw.

read draw sing write

play computer play tennis swim ride a bicycle


games

jump play basketball cook play football

play the piano run dance

86
Модальный глагол can в значении уметь, мочь

2 Напиши, что из того, что изображено в упражнении 1, умеет или


не умеет делать твоя мама.
Образец: My mother can cook, but she can’t ride
a bicycle.

3 Can или can’t? Вставь нужную форму.


1. A parrot fly. 2.fox A
climb trees. 3. A bear swim. 4. A tiger
run and jump. 5. A crocodile
swim. 6. A monkey climb trees. 7. A horse
fly. 8. An elephant jump,
but it run. 9. A wolf hunt.
10. A hare hunt. 11. A fish swim.
12. A dolphin speak.

4 Напиши, что могут и чего не могут делать эти животные.

Образец: Tigers can run, jump and swim.


They can’t fly.

kangaroo bear cat dog

shark parrot monkey penguin

87
Сan for possibility

5 Напиши о своём домашнем животном: какое у тебя животное, что


оно умеет и не умеет делать.
Об разе ц: I’ve got a dog. His name is Spot. He’s big and
kind. He can run and jump. He can bark. He can
play with a ball. He can swim. Spot can’t climb
trees and he can’t play football.

6 Выбери любое дикое животное и опиши его. Напиши, что оно уме-
ет и не умеет делать.

Об разе ц: This is a tiger. Tigers are very big


and strong. They are not friendly.
They are dangerous. Tigers can run,
jump and swim. They can’t fly. They ey
y
can roar. ([r:] рычать) They can’t meow.
([mju:] мяукать)

elephant whale wolf fox

hare crocodile ostrich [str ] dolphin

88
Модальный глагол can в значении уметь, мочь

Yes / No Questions Short answers


Общий вопрос Краткий ответ
Can I swim? Yes, I can. / No, I can’t.
Can you swim? Yes, you can. / No, you can’t.
Can he swim? Yes, he can. / No, he can’t.
Can she swim? Yes, she can. / No, she can’t.
Can it swim? Yes, it can. / No, it can’t.
Can we swim? Yes, we can. / No, we can’t.
Can you swim? Yes, you can. / No, you can’t.
Can they swim? Yes, they can. / No, they can’t.

7 Узнай, что можно делать в этих местах.


Образец: Can we watch films in the cinema?
Can we play basketball in the cinema?

zoo cinema café

playground sports ground park

school shop library

89
Сan for possibility

8 Поинтересуйся, что можно делать на этих уроках.


Об разе ц: Can we sing in the Maths lessons?

Maths Russian Art Science Handicrafts

English Literature Music IT PE

9 Спроси у своего одноклассника, что он умеет делать. Запиши во-


просы в тетрадь.
Образе ц: Can you speak French?

French German
speak
English Russian

the piano the guitar


play
the drums the violin

football tennis
play
volleyball basketball

a horse a pony
ride
a bicycle a motorbike

10 Обменяйся тетрадями с одноклассником и ответь кратко на вопро-


сы упражнения 9.

11 Прочитай предложения. Согласись с ними или опровергни.


Об разе ц: Fish can talk. — No, they can’t talk.
Horses can jump. — Yes, they can.
1. Kangaroos can jump. 2. Birds can swim. 3. Tigers can run.
4. Fish can swim. 5. Parrots can talk. 6. Horses can jump. 7. Bears
can fly. 8. Elephants can jump. 9. Birds can fly. 10. Bears can
climb trees. 11. Elephants can run. 12. Penguins can dive. 13. Ba-
bies can read. 14. Foxes can dive. 15. Snakes can run.

90
Модальный глагол can в значении уметь, мочь

12 Узнай, какие звуки умеют издавать эти животные.


Образе ц: Can cats meow? — Yes, they can.
Can pigs bark? — No, they can’t.

roar — рычать, bark [b:k] — лаять, oink [k] — хрюкать,


moo — мычать, bleat [bli:t] — блеять, squeak [skwi:k] — пищать,
caw [k:] — каркать, neigh [ne] — ржать, meow — мяукать

horse pig cow sheep

mouse dog cat crow [kr


]

13 Составь из данных слов вопросы для викторины о животных.


1. elephants / jump / can? 2. dogs / can / swim? 3. fly / can /
penguins? 4. can / swim / penguins? 5. horses / jump / can?
6. swim / can / horses? 7. climb trees / cats/ can? 8. dogs /
can / climb trees? 9. fish / can / fly? 10. ostriches / fly /
can? 11. run / can / ostriches? 12. kangaroos / jump / can?
13. parrots / talk / can?

14 Задай вопросы своему однокласснику, чтобы узнать, что из пере-


численного в рамке он умеет делать.

climb trees, play the violin, ride a horse, speak German, write poems,
play the guitar, ride a bicycle, roller-skate, play chess, make a cake, ski,
play tennis, play computer games, draw cartoons, skate, dive, fly a kite

15 На основе полученных ответов составь рассказ об однокласснике.

91
Object Pronouns

17 Object Pronouns
Ëè÷íûå ìåñòîèìåíèÿ
â ðîëè äîïîëíåíèÿ

Личные местоимения в роли подлежащего


(отвечают на вопросы кто? что?)
Singular Plural
Единственное число Множественное число
I — я we — мы
you — ты, Вы you — вы
he — он
she — она they — они
it — оно

Личные местоимения в роли дополнения


(отвечают на вопросы кому? чему? кого? что?)
Singular Plural
Единственное число Множественное число

me — мне, меня us — нам, нас

you — тебе, тебя, Вам, Вас you — вам, вас

him — ему, его

her — ей, её them — им, их

it — ему, его

Object pronouns в предложении обычно стоят после глагола или


после предлога.
I can’t see him. Ann’s got a pet. She takes care of it.
Ask her. Why do you look at me?
Find them. We can take the children with us.
Help me, please. I can’t wait for you.

92
Личные местоимения в роли дополнения

1 Замени выделенные слова одним из местоимений: him, her, it,


us, them.
Образе ц: I can’t find my schoolbag. — I can’t find it.

1. I can’t find my pens and pencils. 2. Do you see my pen-


cil case? 3. I can see the books in the bookcase. 4. I can’t
help Jane. 5. Do you see Mike in the playground? 6. Usual-
ly my mother takes me and my brother to school. 7. I can’t
wait for Ann and Jill. 8. Granny usually makes a strawberry
pie for Mum, Dad and me. 9. Chloe likes her pet cat very
much. 10. John often takes his brother for a walk in the park.
11. Jenny always helps her little sister to do homework.

2 Ник написал, что он любит в школе, а что не любит. Изучи таб-


лицу и ответь на вопросы, используя местоимения him, her, it,
them.

I like I don’t like

Physical Training (P.T.) Art

Maths Information Technology (I.T.)

our teacher Miss Green our headmaster Mr Brown

school meals school uniform

Jack Forrester tests

field days Kate Fox

Mary Cooper Jake and Harry Walker

Об разе ц: Does Nick like P.T.? — Yes, he likes it.


Does he like Kate Fox? — No, he doesn’t like
her.
1. Does he like Art? 2. Does he like the teacher? 3. Does he like
the headmaster? 4. Does he like the school uniform? 5. Does he
like Mary Cooper? 6. Does he like field days? 7. Does he like
school meals? 8. Does he like Jake and Harry Walker? 9. Does
he like Maths? 10. Does he like tests? 11. Does he like I.T.?
12. Does he like Jack Forrester?

93
Object Pronouns

3 Вставь в пропуски в тексте подходящие местоимения: me, you,


him, her, it, us, them.

M othe r: Where are you, Jane?


J a n e: I’m in my room. I can’t find my pencil case. Do you see
it (его)?
M o the r: No, I don’t.
J a n e: I can’t find my books and my exercise books. Do you
see (1) (их)?
M othe r: No, I don’t.
J a n e : And where is my schoolbag? Can you help (2)
(мне) to find (3) (его)?
M othe r : Sorry, I can’t help (4) (тебе). I haven’t
got time. Jane, there’s your friend Amanda downstairs. She wants
to go to school with (5) (с тобой).
J a n e: Tell (6) (ей) I can’t go. I haven’t got my school-
bag.
M othe r: Maybe Dad knows about your school things.
J a n e: Can you ask (7) (его) to help (8)
(мне)?
M othe r: Sure. I can’t find my shoes. Perhaps he can help (9)
(нам).

94
Личные местоимения в роли дополнения

4 Здесь перечислено то, что нравится Аманде. Её брату Тому не


нравится многое из этого.

Amanda Tom

1 dogs

2 Harry Potter

3 Joanne Rowling1

4 playing the piano

5 basketball

6 Maths and I.T.

7 pizza

8 cats

Напиши о том, что любят Аманда и Том по образцу.


Об разе ц: Amanda likes dogs, but Tom doesn’t like them.
5 Переведи письменно на английский язык.
1. Собака хочет пить. Дай ей воды. 2. Это ваша учительница
мисс Грин. Посмотри на неё. 3. Это мой дедушка. Поздоровайся
с ним. 4. Я люблю сказки Киплинга, но мой брат их не любит.
5. Где мой портфель? Я не могу его найти. 6. Где моя книга?
Я не могу её найти. 7. Ты можешь нам помочь? 8. Где ты?
Я не вижу тебя. 9. Помоги мне, пожалуйста. 10. Попроси
её помыть посуду. 11. Это наш сосед. Джек не любит его.
12. Вот бутерброды. Возьми их. 13. Скажи им правду.
14. Я не могу помочь тебе. 15. Ты любишь кошек? — Я не
люблю их. 16. Твоя подруга хочет пойти с тобой в школу.
17. У меня нет времени. Я не могу ждать их. 18. У Анны есть
хомячок. Она заботится о нём. 19. Это английский писатель.
Что ты знаешь о ?

1
Joanne Rowling [
'æn 'r
l] — Джоанна Роулинг, английская писательница,
автор книг про Гарри Поттера.

95
Ordinal Numbers; Prepositions of Time

18 Ordinal Numbers;
Prepositions of Time
Ïîðÿäêîâûå ÷èñëèòåëüíûå;
ïðåäëîãè âðåìåíè

Ordinal Numbers
Порядковые числительные (какой по счёту?)

числительное + th y o ie + th

one — first eleven — eleventh


1st [f:st] 11th [levn]

two — second twelve — twelfth twenty + th o twenty-first


2nd [seknd] 12th [twelf] twentieth 20th 21st

three — third thirteen + th thirty + th o thirty-second


3rd [:d] thirteenth 13th thirtieth 30th 32nd

four — fourth fourteen + th forty + th o forty-third


4th [f:] fourteenth 14th fortieth 40th 43rd

five — fifth fifteen + th fifty + th o fifty-fourth


5th [ff] fifteenth 15th fiftieth 50th 54th

six — sixth sixteen + th sixty + th o sixty-fifth


6th [sks] sixteenth 16th sixtieth 60th 65th

seven — seventh seventeen + th seventy + th o seventy-sixth


7th [sevn] seventeenth 17th seventieth 70th 76th

eight — eighth eighteen + th eighty + th o eighty-seventh


8th [et] eighteenth 18th eightieth 80th 87th

nine — ninth nineteen + th ninety + th o ninety-eighth


9th [nan] nineteenth 19th ninetieth 90th 98th

ten — tenth one hundred + th ninety-ninth


10th [ten] hundredth 100th 99th
[hndrd]

96
Порядковые числительные; предлоги времени

Prepositions of Time
Предлоги времени

a month / месяц in June, in May, in January


a year / год in 2008, in 1961, in 1812
in
a season / время года in summer, in spring
a time of day / время суток in the morning(s), in the evening(s)
a day / день недели on Monday(s),
on Saturday evening(s), on weekdays
on
a date / дата on the fifth of July,
on the eighth of March
a clock time / точное время at six o’clock, at twelve o’clock,
at eight thirty, at half past four
at ночью at night
в выходные at the weekend

1 Вставь предлоги in, on, at.

1. the evening 14. 12 o’clock


2. 4 o’clock 15. 1993
3. winter 16. eleven o’clock
4. Sunday 17. Thursday afternoon
5. the afternoons 18. the first of January
6. September 19. summer
7. Saturday morning 20. 2001
8. August 21. spring
9. the morning 22. the weekend
10. the 8th of March 23. Tuesdays
11. autumn 24. the 25th of February
12. Monday afternoon 25. night
13. Friday 26. April

97
Ordinal Numbers; Prepositions of Time

2 Прочитай рассказ и ответь на вопросы.


On weekdays Nick’s father gets up at seven o’clock. He washes
his face and cleans his teeth. At seven thirty he has breakfast.
At eight o’clock he goes to work. His work starts at nine.
He works three hours and at twelve o’clock he has lunch. He
goes back to work at twelve forty-five. He finishes his work at
six o’clock and goes home. At home he has dinner at seven
o’clock. After dinner he watches television or reads. He goes to
bed at eleven o’clock. At the weekend he doesn’t get up early.
On Saturdays and Sundays he stays in bed till nine o’clock.

1. When does Nick’s father get up on weekdays? 2. What time


does he have breakfast? 3. When does Nick’s father go to work?
4. What time does his work start? 5. When does he have lunch?
6. What time does he go back to work after lunch? 7. What time
does he go home after work? 8. When does Nick’s father have
dinner? 9. What does he do after dinner? 10. What time does he
go to bed? 11. What time does he get up at the weekends?

3 Напиши о себе: когда ты встаёшь в будние дни, когда завтрака-


ешь, когда идёшь в школу, когда начинаются уроки, когда в шко-
ле обед, когда ты возвращаешься домой, когда делаешь уроки,
когда идёшь гулять, когда смотришь телевизор или играешь, когда
ложишься спать. Напиши также, когда ты встаёшь в выходные.

4 Заполни таблицу о себе и своих родных. Затем напиши, когда


у твоих родственников дни рождения. Числительные пиши словами.

Об разе ц: My father’s birthday is on the twenty-second


of May.
Birthday Birthday

You Grandmother

Mother Grandfather

Father Aunt

Sister Uncle

Brother Cousin

98
Порядковые числительные; предлоги времени

5 Изучи расписание уроков в школе Ника. Ответь письменно на во-


просы.

Lesson Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday

9 : 00 1 English Maths Art Maths P.T.

9 : 45 Break

10 : 00 2 Maths Music English English Science

10 : 45 Breakfast

11 : 15 3 Science English Maths Science Maths

12 : 00 Break

12 : 10 4 P.T. Science I.T. P.T. English

1. How many lessons has Nick got on Monday? 2. What is the first
lesson on Tuesday? 3. On what day has Nick got Music? 4. How
many times a week has Nick got English? 5. On what days hasn’t
he got P.T.? 6. What is the second lesson on Wednesday? 7. What
is the third lesson on Thursday? 8. On what day has Nick got Art?
9. How many times a week has Nick got P.T.? 10. On what days
has Nick got Science? 11. What is the fourth lesson on Friday?
12. What time does school start? 13. What time does the second
lesson start? 14. What time does the third lesson finish? 15. How
many lessons of Science a week has Nick got? 16. How much time
does a lesson last? 17. What is the last lesson on Wednesday?

6 Напиши, какие уроки у Ника во вторник, в среду, в четверг


и в пятницу.
Образе ц: On Monday Nick has got English, Maths,
Science and P.T.
7 Напиши, какие уроки у тебя в понедельник, среду и пятницу.
Напиши, какой у тебя первый урок во вторник, второй урок в чет-
верг, третий урок в пятницу.

99
Ordinal Numbers; Prepositions of Time

8 Прочитай, чем занимается Дженни в разные дни недели. Ответь


на вопросы письменно.
Jenny goes to school on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday
and Friday. After school she’s got a lot to do. On Monday after-
noons Jenny has got swimming lessons. On Wednesday evenings
she goes to the dance school. On Thursday afternoons Jenny vis-
its drawing lessons. On Friday evenings she goes to the Book
Lovers Club. At the weekend Jenny doesn’t go to school. On Sat-
urday mornings she goes to the swimming pool and on Sunday
afternoons she’s got piano lessons.

1. On what days does Jenny go to school?


2. What does she do on Monday afternoons?
3. Where does Jenny go on Wednesday evenings?
4. What does she do on Thursday afternoons?
5. What does Jenny visit on Friday evenings?
6. Does she go to school on Saturday and Sunday?
7. Where does Jenny go on Saturday mornings?
8. What does she do on Sunday afternoons?

9 Напиши, чем ты занимаешься утром, дн¸м или вечером в разные


дни недели.
Об разе ц: On Sunday mornings I walk in the park.

10 Напиши, что твоя мама или бабушка делают утром, днём и ве-
чером.

get up, wash one’s face, clean one’s teeth, cook breakfast,
go to work, have lunch, work, go home, cook dinner, walk in
the park, go to the swimming pool, read books, watch television,
go to bed, go out, go to the theatre, go shopping, clean the
house, go to the sports centre

100
Порядковые числительные; предлоги времени

Первые две цифры в обозначении года обозначаются числитель-


ными от 10 до 19.
Например: 1985 — nineteen eighty-five,
1147 — eleven forty-seven.
Двухтысячные обозначаются так: 2010 — two thousand ten,
2001 — two thousand one, 2015 — two thousand fifteen.

11 Заполни таблицу. Напиши годы рождения твоих родных и друзей.


Годы пиши словами.
Об разе ц: My father / mother / I was born in
nineteen seventy-two.
Year Year Year
of birth of birth of birth
You Brother Aunt
Mother Grandmother Uncle
Father Grandfather Cousin
Sister 1st friend 2nd friend
(name) (name)

12 Переведи письменно на английский язык.


1. Я встаю в семь часов. 2. Обед у меня в час дня. 3. По
вечерам в понедельник Алиса ходит в спортивную школу. 4. По
средам у нас информатика. 5. В пятницу они ходят в клуб
любителей чтения. 6. По выходным я не встаю рано. 7. По
выходным мы с семьёй ходим в кино или в парк. 8. Мой
день рождения 14 июля. 9. День рождения моего брата двад-
цать третьего августа. 10. Зимой каникулы в январе. 11. Вес-
ной дни длинные, а ночи короткие. 12. Девятого мая — День
победы. 13. Первого сентября — день знаний. 14. Во втор-
ник в пять часов вечера идёт передача «Планета животных».
15. В воскресенье в одиннадцать утра идёт мой любимый
мультфильм. 16. Мой папа работает ночью. 17. В сентябре
учебный год начинается, а в мае он заканчивается.

101
There is / there are; Prepositions of Place

19 There is / there are;


Prepositions of Place
Îáîðîò there is / there are;
ïðåäëîãè ìåñòà

Affirmative Negative
Утвердительная форма Отрицательная форма
Singular There is (= there’s) There is not (= isn’t)
Единственное a park in Green Street. a cinema in Green Street.
число

Plural There are two cafés There are not (= aren’t)


Множественное in Green Street. any shops in Green Street.
число

Question Short answers


Вопрос Краткие ответы
Is there a park? Yes, there is.
Is there a cinema? No, there isn’t.
Are there any cafés? Yes, there are.
Are there any shops? No, there aren’t.

Конструкция There is / There are употребляется для того, чтобы


указать на наличие предмета / предметов в определённом месте.
В русском языке эта конструкция соответствует фразам «есть, име-
ется, находится».
Если первое слово после конструкции стоит в единственном чис-
ле, то употребляется There is a … . Если первое слово после
конструкции стоит во множественном числе, то употребляется
There are … .

some употребляется в утверди- any употребляется:


тельных предложениях, если коли- 1. В отрицательных предложениях.
чество предметов неважно. There aren’t any shops in Green
There are some shops in Hill Street.
Street. 2. В вопросительных предложениях.
There are some chairs in the Are there any cinemas in Green
kitchen. Street?

102
Оборот there is / there are; предлоги места

1 Рассмотри план города и вставь обороты there is / there are,


there isn’t / there aren’t в его описание.

There is a school in Green Street. Next to the school (1)


a park. (2) a children’s playground and a pond in the
park. (3) swans in the pond. (4) any children in
the playground, they are at school. (5) two supermarkets
and some shops in Green Street. There are two cafes and
a restaurant. (6) any cars on the road, but (7)
a bus at the bus stop. What is there in Hill Street? (8)
a library, a post office and a cinema, but (9) any
banks. Is there a sports centre in Hill Street? No, (10) .
The sports centre is in Bridge Street. (11) a sports shop
in Bridge Street, too. Is there a church? Yes, (12) .
(13) a car park in front of the church. Is there a river?
Yes, (14) . (15) a bridge across the river and
(16) some boats in the river.

103
There is / there are; Prepositions of Place

Prepositions of Place / Предлоги места

in — в on — на next to — рядом

The cat is in the box. The cat is on the box. The cat is next to the
box.

between — между behind — позади under — под

The cat is between the The cat is behind the The cat is under the
boxes. box. box.

2 Посмотри ещё раз на план города в упражнении 1 и ответь на


вопросы.
1. Is there a library in Hill Street? — Yes, there is.
2. Is the library between the post office and the cinema? 3. Is
there a sports centre in Bridge Street? 4. Is the sports centre
next to the bridge? 5. Where is the book shop? 6. Where is the
bus stop? 7. Are there any cafés in Green Street? 8. Is there a
restaurant in Hill Street? 9. Where is the park? 10. Is the play-
ground in the middle of the park? 11. Are there any trees be-
hind the church? 12. Is there a bridge in Hill Street? 13. Are
there any cars in Bridge Street? 14. Where is the car park?

104
Оборот there is / there are; предлоги места

3 Рассмотри картинку и напиши, где что находится.

1. library There is a library in Main Street.


2. monument; 3. post office; 4. church; 5. shops; 6. school;
7. sports centre; 8. park; 9. supermarket; 10. car park; 11. bus
stop; 12. houses; 13. cafés; 14. banks; 15. toy shop; 16. res-
taurant; 17. bridge; 18. boats

105
There is / there are; Prepositions of Place

4 Рассмотри ещё раз план города в упражнении 3. Вставь в пред-


ложения слова any или some.
1. Thereare some houses in Elm Street. 2. There aren’t
banks in North Street. 3. Are there cafes
in Wood Street? 4. There are shops in Main Street.
5. There aren’t restaurants in North Street. 6. Are there
supermarkets in Elm Street? 7. Are there
car parks in Wood Street? 8. There are banks in
Wood Street. 9. There are boats in the river. 10. Are
there parks in the town?

5 Напиши, что находится на улице, на которой ты живёшь. Исполь-


зуй подходящие слова в рамке.

Об разе ц: There are some houses in my street.

house, school, shop, supermarket, car park, bank, bus stop, library,
monument, tree, bench, café, restaurant, sports centre, swimming pool,
post office, church, park

6 Ответь письменно на вопросы о том месте, где ты живёшь.


1. Is there a cinema in your town? 2. What is there next to
your school? 3. What is there behind your school? 4. Are there
any shops in your street? 5. Is there a library in your street?
6. Is there a bus stop in your street? 7. Are there any cafés in
the place where you live? 8. Are there any supermarkets in your
street? 9. Is there a sports centre in your street? 10. Are there
any swimming pools in the place where you live? 11. Are there
any trees in your street? 12. Are there any monuments in the
place where you live? 13. Is there a park in your street? 14. Is
there a pond in the park? 15. Are there any swans in the pond?

7 Задай вопросы другу по переписке о том месте, где он / она


живёт. Расспроси, что там находится.
Об разе ц: Is there a library in your town?
Are there any shops in your city?

city — очень большой город; town — небольшой город;


village — деревня

106
Оборот there is / there are; предлоги места

8 Рассмотри комнату Ника и опиши её. Напиши, что где находит-


ся. Используй слова в рамке. Значение незнакомых слов посмотри
в словаре.
Образе ц: There is a bed in the room.
There are some books in the room.
There isn't a television in the room

bed, chair, bookcase, wardrobe, armchair, desk, poster, lamp,


tennis racket, box, computer, night lamp, guitar, football,
bird cage, window, door, television, photo, flower, carpet

107
There is / there are; Prepositions of Place

9 Пэм всегда разбрасывает свои игрушки. Помоги ей найти игрушки


и собрать их в коробку.

1. Where is my bear? — It is under the chair.


2. Where is my train? 3. Where is my boat? 4. Where is my ball?
5. Where is my doll? 6. Where is my clown? 7. Where is my ro-
bot? 8. Where is my plane? 9. Where is my book? 10. Where is
my kite? 11. Where is my tennis racket? 12. Where are my pen-
cils? 13. Where is my picture?

10 Ещё раз рассмотри комнату Пэм в течение минуты, закрой рису-


нок и задай по памяти вопросы о том, где находятся её вещи.
Потом открой картинку и проверь себя.
Образе ц: Is her teddy bear under the chair?

108
Оборот there is / there are; предлоги места

11 Задай вопросы о том, какая мебель и вещи есть у Пэм в ком-


нате. Кратко ответь на вопросы.
Образе ц: Are there any books in her room? —
Yes, there are.

12 Опиши свою комнату, напиши, что в ней находится. Используй


обороты there is, there are, there isn’t, there aren’t.
Образе ц: There is a desk in my room.
There isn’t a computer on the desk.

13 Переведи письменно на английский язык.


1. На моей улице есть школа. 2. За школой есть спортивная
площадка. 3. На нашей улице есть несколько магазинов, но
нет парковки. 4. В нашем городе есть несколько памятников.
5. На твоей улице есть спортивный центр? — Да, есть. Он
находится между супермаркетом и банком. 6. У вас в городе
есть банки? — Да, есть. 7. На нашей улице нет парка,
но есть деревья. 8. В твоём городе есть река? — Нет.
9. В моей комнате есть книжный шкаф. В нём много книг.
10. В вашей школе есть компьютеры? — Да, есть. 11. Это
врач. Он в больнице. 12. Это пилот. Он в самолете. 13. Это
водитель. Он в автобусе. 14. Я из большого города. 15. Они
из небольшого городка. 16. В её коробке много игрушек.
Там есть мячи и куклы. Но там нет машинок. 17. Все его
игрушки под кроватью. 18. Коробка для игрушек находится
около стола. 19. На стене несколько постеров. 20. В городе
есть несколько кинотеатров. Но в нём нет театра. 21. В кухне
есть стол, стулья, несколько полок и холодильник. 22. На
стенах висят картины. 23. В вазе цветы. 24. Между окном
и письменным столом стоит кресло. 25. За креслом стоит
торшер. 26. Рядом с торшером журнальный столик (coffee
table). 27. За гаражом сад. 28. Между гаражом и домом
скамейка. 29. Рядом с домом клумба (flower bed). 30. На
клумбе очень красивые цветы.

109
There is / there are; Prepositions of Place

20 Must for necessity;


mustn’t for prohibition
Ìîäàëüíûé ãëàãîë must
äëÿ âûðàæåíèÿ íåîáõîäèìîñòè
ñîâåðøåíèÿ äåéñòâèÿ;
mustn’t äëÿ âûðàæåíèÿ çàïðåòà

Must выражает необходимость совершить действие.


На русский язык переводится как «должен, нужно, надо».

Отрицательная форма mustn’t выражает запрет.


You mustn’t walk on the grass. — По траве ходить нельзя /
запрещается.

Affirmative Negative
Утвердительная форма Отрицательная форма

I I
you you
he go he go
she do she must not do
it must it
be (mustn’t) be
we learn we learn
you you
they they

После must употребляется глагол в основной форме (инфинитив)


без частицы to.

You must
be quiet.
You
mustn’t
fight.

110
Модальный глагол must

1 Представь, что ты попал в сказочное королевство, где есть опре-


делённый свод правил. Прочитай их.

THE TEN RULES OF THE GREENLAND KINGDOM


1. People must wear green clothes in the morning
and red clothes in the evening.
2. Girls must wear pink and purple gloves.
3. Boys must wear blue and yellow socks.
4. Children must eat ice cream for breakfast.
5. Adults must always be kind to children.
6. Dogs must have a bath every week.
7. Cats must go swimming every day.
8. On Tuesdays people must speak Greenlandish.
9. Visitors must bring lemons as a present for the
King.
10. Birds must sing on Saturdays and Sundays.

2 Ответь письменно на вопросы о правилах Гринландского королев-


ства.
1. What must people wear in the morning? 2. And what must
they wear in the evening? 3. Who must go swimming every day?
4. What must boys wear? 5. What language must people speak
on Tuesdays? 6. What present must visitors bring for the King?
7. What must girls wear? 8. On what days must birds sing?
9. Who must be kind to children? 10. What must children eat
for breakfast? 11. How often must dogs have a bath?

3 Представь, что ты живёшь в этом королевстве. Придумай и за-


пиши ещё несколько правил.

111
Must for necessity; mustn’t for prohibition

4 Напиши, что нельзя делать в этих ситуациях.


Образе ц: The boy mustn’t eat sweets before
meals.

eat sweets before meals, make noise when the baby is asleep, draw
on the walls, read in bed, break trees, go out when you’ve got
a cold, chase [t es] (гоняться за) the neighbour’s cat, watch horror
films, be cruel to animals, pick flowers in the forest

1 2 3

4 5 6

7 8 9

112
Модальный глагол must для выражения необходимости совершения дейсМодальный
твия; mustn’t для вы
глагол
ражения за
must
прета

5 Что необходимо делать на уроке? Чего нельзя делать на уроке?


Вставь must или mustn’t в предложения.
1. We must sit still. 2. We fight. 3. We
listen to the teacher. 4. We sit on the desks. 5. We
look at the blackboard. 6. We play
football. 7. We sleep in class. 8. We
speak English in the English lessons. 9. We chew
[t u:] chewing gum. 10. We look out of the window.
11. We be quiet. 12. We stand on
the chairs. 13. We use mobile phones. 14. We
play with toys. 15. We do what the teacher says.
16. We be attentive during the lessons.

6 Составь для себя список неотложных дел на сегодня.


Об разе ц: I must water the flowers.

wash the dishes, walk the dog, feed the cat, do my homework, go
for a walk in the park, go to the swimming pool, clean the parrot’s
cage, tidy the room, sweep the floor in the kitchen, take a shower,
help Mum about the house, water the flowers

7 Переведи письменно на английский язык.


1. Это секрет. Ты не должен говорить Анне. 2. Мама спит.
Ты должна вести себя тихо. 3. Он не должен есть конфеты
перед едой. 4. Мы должны поздравить (congratulate) бабушку.
У неё сегодня день рождения. 5. Она не должна забывать
(forget) домашнее задание. Учительница сердится (get an-
gry). 6. Вы не должны есть так много. 7. Марк, ты должен
прибраться в своей комнате (tidy the room). 8. Сейчас
6 часов. Я должен идти домой. 9. Ты грязный. Ты должен
принять душ. 10. Это подарок для дедушки. Вы не должны
рассказывать ему о нём. 11. Он не должен выходить на улицу.
Он простужен. 12. Вы должны вымыть машину. Она грязная.
13. Ты не должен смотреть телевизор до полуночи (until mid-
night). 14. Она не знает правило. Она должна его выучить.
15. Ты не должен смотреть фильмы ужасов (horror films).

113
Let’s for suggestion

21 Let’s for suggestion


Îáîðîò let’s äëÿ ïðèãëàøåíèÿ
ê ñîâìåñòíîìó äåéñòâèþ

Let us go to the cinema. Let’s stay indoors and play a board game.

let’s (= let us) + глагол в основной форме (инфинитив)


без частицы to
let’s go / take / do / play / have /
watch / feed / read / visit / dance etc.

Мы употребляем let’s + глагол для того, чтобы пригласить


кого-либо совместно сделать что-либо.

1 Выучи рифмовки.
Polly, put the kettle on, Let’s come together
Polly, put the kettle on, Let’s have some fun
Polly, put the kettle on, Let’s come together
And let’s drink tea. Let’s dance in the sun.

114
Оборот let’s для приглашения к совместному действию

2 Настали выходные. Семья Браунов решает, чем можно заняться всем


вместе. Заполни пропуски в предложениях.
M o the r: It’s Sunday today. What can we do together?
B i l l: (1) (давайте пойдём) to the cinema. There’s
a new cartoon called “The Toy Story”. (2) (давайте
посмотрим) it together.
F a th e r: Oh, no. The weather is so beautiful today. I don’t want
to sit in the dark and watch films. (3) (давайте пой-
дём) to the park.
M othe r: Good idea! We can take a basket with food and spend
time in the open. (4) (давайте устроим) a picnic.
B i l l: Fine! (5) (давайте возьмём) some sandwiches and
a bottle of lemonade.
E m m a: (6) (давайте возьмём) some fruit and some
ice cream.
F a th e r: (7) (давайте сделаем) some sandwiches.
M othe r: (8) (давайте купим) some apple cakes.
F a th e r: (9) (давайте принесём) a blanket and some
chairs with us.
B i l l: There’s a pond in the park. (10) (давайте возь-
мём) some bread and feed the ducks.
E m m a: There’s a playground in the park. (11) (давайте
поиграем) there.
M othe r: (12)( ) (д
(давайте хорошо
р проведём)
р д ) a nice time!

115
Let’s for suggestion

3 Сочини рифмовку, используя слова в рамке и конструкцию с let’s.


Незнакомые слова посмотри в словаре. Расскажи рифмовку наи-
зусть, выполняя все описанные в ней действия.

clap our hands, flap our arms, bend our knees,


stamp our feet, hop on one leg, nod our heads,
wave our hands, dance all around

Образе ц: Let’s clap our hands


Clap our hands
Clap our hands
Let’s clap our hands
Clap our hands together.

4 Предложи, что можно сделать в этих ситуациях.


1. It’s very hot today. — Let’s go to the river and have
a swim.
2. We are hungry. 3. It’s raining. We can’t play outside. 4. It’s
dark in the room. 5. I’m thirsty. 6. The weather outside is fine.
7. Here are some magazines. 8. It’s cold in here. 9. Here’s Mum
with her cherry cakes. 10. There’s a cartoon over TV at 9:00.
11. There’s a new film at the cinema. 12. There’s food in
the fridge. 13. You are tired. 14. Your coat is small for you.
15. There’s an exhibition at the local museum. 16. You’ve got
toothache.

go to the river and have a swim, switch on the light, close


the window, watch television, play some board games, visit the
museum, read them, have lunch, ask her for some cakes, buy
a new coat, go to the park, buy some mineral water, have a rest,
make some sandwiches, go to the cinema, go to the doctor

116
Оборот let’s для приглашения к совместному действию

5 Что предлагают сделать эти люди?


Образе ц: feed the squirrel —
Let’s feed the squirrel.

go to the zoo buy the balloons repair the car

read the books fly the kite play in the playground

6 Переведи письменно на английский язык.


1. Погода отличная. Давайте пойдём погуляем. 2. Очень жарко.
Давай поплаваем. 3. Я голоден. Давай пообедаем. 4. Я хочу
пить. Давай купим бутылку минеральной воды. 5. Холодно.
Давай пойдём домой. 6. У нас полно еды. Давай позавтракаем.
7. Это платье старое. Давай купим новое. 8. Сегодня по
телевизору интересный фильм. Давай посмотрим. 9. У нас
много фруктов. Давай сделаем фруктовый салат. 10. Давай
съедим мороженое. 11. Давай выпьем чаю. 12. Давай попросим
маму испечь пироги. 13. У нас много времени. Давай сыграем
в игру на компьютере. 14. У меня есть новая книга. Давай
почитаем. 15. В кино интересный фильм. Давай сходим
в кино. 16. Сегодня день рождения бабушки. Давай навестим
её. 17. На улице дождь. Давай останемся дома. 18. Сегодня
суббота. Давай повеселимся. 19. Давай приготовим пиццу.
20. У меня болит голова. Давай сходим к врачу.

117
Let’s for suggestion

22 Past Simple of be
Ãëàãîë be
â ïðîñòîì ïðîøåäøåì âðåìåíè

Affirmative Negative
Утвердительная форма Отрицательная форма
Singular Plural Singular Plural
Единственное Множественное Единственное Множественное
число число число число
I was we were I was not we were not
я был мы были (= wasn’t) (= weren’t)
you were you were you were not you were not
ты был вы были (= weren’t) (= weren’t)
he was he was not
он был (= wasn’t)
she was they were she was not they were not
она была они были (= wasn’t) (= weren’t)
it was it was not
оно было (= wasn’t)

Простое прошедшее время Past Simple используется для обозначе-


ния действий, начавшихся и закончившихся в прошлом.

Часто в предложениях с Past Simple указывается время соверше-


ния действия в прошлом:
yesterday — вчера last month — в прошлом месяце
last night — прошлой ночью in 2015 (in two thousand fif-
two days ago — два дня назад teen) — в 2015 г.
a month ago — месяц назад last year — в прошлом году
last week — на прошлой неделе three weeks ago — три недели
назад
four years ago — четыре года на-
зад in 1825 (in eighteen twenty-five) —
в 1825 г.

118
Глагол be в простом прошедшем времени

Запомни!
be ill — болеть be on time — приходить вовремя
be late — опаздывать be in time — успеть

1 Вставь в пропуски was или were.


1. I at school yesterday. 2. Last summer we
in Sochi. 3. He late for school two days ago. 4. My
favourite film on television last night. 5. They at
home at the weekend. 6. Our teacher in the library on
Sunday. 7. My friends in the park last week. 8. You
at the sports centre on Saturday. 9. The children
in the swimming pool a week ago. 10. You ill last
month. 11. We at our grandparents’ house last Sunday.
12. I happy to see him. 13. They in time
for the film. 14. She late again two days ago.
15. I at the supermarket on Saturday. 16. The dog
ill last year. 17. Tom and Emily at school
yesterday. 18. My parents at the cinema at the weekend.
19. The film boring. 20. Lily friendly to me.

2 Опровергни эти утверждения. Напиши, что было на самом деле.


1. Jack and David were at the sports centre on Monday. (in the
swimming pool)
Об разе ц: No, they weren’t at the sports centre. They
were in the swimming pool.
2. Molly was at home yesterday. (at school) 3. Paul was at the
theatre on Saturday. (at the cinema) 4. Mum and Dad were
in Sochi last summer. (in Anapa) 5. You were late for school
yesterday. (on time) 6. I was at school on Saturday. (at home)
7. They were at the zoo at nine o’clock yesterday. (at ten o’clock)
8. We were in the park a week ago. (at the stadium) 9. Jenny
was ill last week. (last month) 10. I was at my friend’s place two
days ago. (yesterday) 11. Mark was in the supermarket on Sunday.
(in the toy shop) 12. Chloe was afraid of cats. (dogs) 13. My
grandparents were in the country in summer. (at the seaside)

119
Past Simple of be

Запомни!
be angry — сердиться be hungry — хотеть есть
be lucky — везти (об удаче) be thirsty — хотеть пить
be afraid — бояться be right — быть правым

3 Выбери и вставь в пропуски нужную форму.


1. They (wasn’t / weren’t) angry. 2. I (was /
were) happy. 3. He (wasn’t / weren’t) hungry. 4. We
(was / were) schoolchildren then (тогда). 5. She
(wasn’t / weren’t) thirsty. 6. You (wasn’t / weren’t)
a doctor. 7. It (was / were) new. 8. They (was /
were) first cosmonauts. 9. We (wasn’t / weren’t) lucky.
10. I (wasn’t / weren’t) ill. 11. You (was /
were) clever. 12. He (was / were) afraid of the teacher.
13. It (wasn’t / weren’t) funny. 14. Alex (was /
were) late for school. 15. Mabel (was / were) right.

4 Вставь в пропуски нужную форму глагола be в Past Simple (was/


were или wasn’t/weren’t).

— Mother (1) angry with you


yesterday.
— No, she (2) .
— You (3) naughty yesterday.
— No, I (4) naughty.
I (5) good and I (6)
very polite.
— No, you (7) good.
You put (положил) a frog into her bag.
— But mum likes frogs! She (8) angry. The frog (9)
big and ugly, it (10) small and beautiful
and green. It (11) a very nice frog.
— I don’t think your mother (12) glad to see it in
her bag.

120
Глагол be в простом прошедшем времени

5 Напиши, где они были вчера и где не были.


Образе ц: Nick was at school. He wasn’t in the library.

Nick Jason Jane and Mark Helen Miss Hill

cinema park sports centre

school shopping centre zoo library

swimming pool home theatre

Chip Dick and Ben Mr Green Pam


Molly and Jack

121
Past Simple of be

Yes/No Questions Short answers


Общие вопросы* Краткие ответы

Was I …? Yes, I was. / No, I wasn’t.

Were you …? Yes, you were. / No, you weren’t.

Was he …? Yes, he was. / No, he wasn’t.

Was she …? Yes, she was. / No, she wasn’t.

Was it …? Yes, it was. / No, it wasn’t.

Were we …? Yes, we were. / No, we weren’t.

Were you …? Yes, you were. / No, you weren’t.

Were they …? Yes, they were. / No, they weren’t.

* Общий вопрос требует ответа «Да» или «Нет».

6 Ответь кратко на вопросы.


1. Were you at school yesterday? 2. Were you at the cinema
yesterday? 3. Were you late for school last week? 4. Was
your favourite programme on television last night? 5. Were you
at the zoo last Saturday? 6. Was your family at the seaside
last summer? 7. Were your parents at the theatre last month?
8. Was your brother/sister ill last week? 9. Was your friend in the
park last weekend? 10. Were your classmates afraid of the test
in Maths?

7 Составь вопросы из данных слов.


1. Peter the Great / was / a Russian tsar? 2. Christopher
Columbus / a writer / was? 3. Ivan Shishkin / a famous Russian
painter / was? 4. Fyodor Shalyapin / was / an opera singer?
5. Mammoth ['mæm] (мамонт) / a small animal / was?
6. Captain Flint / was / a pirate? 7. Nikolay Pirogov / a doctor /
was? 8. John Kennedy / an American president / was? 9. your
grandfather / was / a sailor?

122
Глагол be в простом прошедшем времени

8 Прочитай текст и задай вопросы о том, что случилось вчера.


Образе ц: Was Dick in the park yesterday?
Pam and Dick are brother and sister. They go to school. But
yesterday Dick was at school and Pam wasn’t. She wasn’t
at the zoo or at the cinema. She wasn’t in the swimming pool
or in the park. She was at home. She was ill. She wasn’t happy.
She was sad.

9 Ответь кратко на вопросы, которые ты составил в упражнении 8.


Образе ц: Was Dick in the park yesterday? —
No, he wasn’t.

10 Представь, кем бы могли быть твои одноклассники, если бы жили


500 лет назад. Запиши свои предположения.
Об разе ц: I think Sasha was an actor.

a soldier a fisherman a scientist


a farmer a singer a musician
a doctor a pirate a nurse
an actor a sailor a builder
an actress a merchant1 a judge2
a writer a dancer a teacher

11 Задай однокласснику вопросы о его предположениях.


Образе ц: Was Sasha a soldier?

1
a merchant ['m:t nt] — купец
2
a judge [dd] — судья

123
Let’s for suggestion

23 Past Simple of have


Ãëàãîë have
â ïðîñòîì ïðîøåäøåì âðåìåíè

Affirmative I / you / he / she / it / we / you / they


Утвердительная форма had

Negative I / you / he / she / it / we / you / they


Отрицательная форма did not have = didn’t have

Questions / Вопросы Short answers / Краткие ответы

I I I
you you you
he he he
she she she did not.
Did have? Yes, did. No,
it it it (didn’t)
we we we
you you you
they they they

Оборот have got в значении иметь употребляется только в на-


стоящем времени Present Simple. В простом прошедшем вре-
мени Past Simple употребляется глагол had, который является
неправильным глаголом. (См. с. 140.)

They had a nice holiday last Did she have a bad dream last
summer. night? — Yes, she did. Then she had
a terrible headache.

124
Глагол have в простом прошедшем времени

Запомни!
have breakfast — завтракать
have lunch — обедать
have dinner — ужинать
have tea — пить чай
have a cup of coffee — выпить чашку кофе
have fun — веселиться
have a sandwich — съесть бутерброд
have a rest — отдыхать
have a party — устраивать праздник
have a holiday — быть в отпуске / на каникулах
have a good time — хорошо проводить время
have a dream — видеть сон

1 Запиши предложения в простом прошедшем времени.


1. We (have lunch) at school yesterday. 2. They
(have) a wonderful party last weekend. 3. I got
up at seven, washed and then I (have breakfast).
4. She (have) a terrible dream last night. 5. He
(have) a car last year. 6. I went to the party last
Sunday and (have) a good time there. 7. They
(have) a holiday last month, they were in Spain.
8. She (have) a cup of tea and some chocolates.
9. We (have) enough (достаточно) time to prepare
for the test. 10. He (have) a wonderful birthday
party last week. 11. My parents (have) a holiday
in winter. They were happy. 12. I (have) a cup
of coffee and a cheese sandwich for breakfast.

2 Напиши, в котором часу вчера ты завтракал(а), обедал(а), ужинал(а),


когда ты пил(а) чай и ел(а) бутерброды. Напиши также, когда
у твоего друга была вечеринка по случаю дня рождения, а у ро-
дителей отпуск.
Об разец: Yesterday I had breakfast at seven thirty in the
morning.

125
Past Simple of have

3 Что ты ел в разные дни недели на завтрак, обед и ужин?


Образе ц: I had porridge for breakfast on Monday.

For breakfast:
porridge, cereal ['srl] (хлопья), a cheese sandwich, apple cake,
biscuits, a grapefruit, bacon and eggs, coffee

For lunch:
pasta, pizza, vegetable soup, fried potatoes, sausages, roast chicken,
hamburger, orange juice

For dinner:
omelette ['mlt], mashed potatoes, pancakes, fish and chips, tea,
milk, meat balls, salmon ['sæmn]

4 Вставь had или didn’t have.


1. I breakfast at 8 o’clock this morning. 2. He
a cup of coffee and a sandwich for breakfast
yesterday. 3. She hates milk, that’s why she cereal
with milk for breakfast. She porridge and juice
instead (вместо этого). 4. Yesterday we were at school till 3 o’clock.
We lunch at home. 5. Debby
a birthday party on Sunday. All the guests a good
time. 6. My parents a holiday last summer, so we
didn’t go to the seaside. 7. At 5 o’clock they tea
and an apple pie. 8. He fish and chips for lunch.
It’s his favourite dish. 9. They came home at 8 o’clock yesterday.
They dinner at 6 o’clock. 10. We weren’t hungry
so we lunch. 11. The party was very boring. You
fun. 12. I a terrible dream last
night. I was frightened (испугался).

126
Глагол have в простом прошедшем времени

5 По картинкам опиши, что в детстве было у Кейт и что было у


Ника.
Образе ц: Kate had long hair.

long hair
a rabbit
a doll’s house
a bicycle
a lot of books

short hair
a dog
a toy railway
roller skates
a camera

6 Теперь напиши о том, чего не было у Кейт и Ника. Используй


слова в рамке или любые другие.
Образе ц: Kate didn’t have a piano.

red hair, blond hair, a cat, a hamster, a kite, a robot,


a calculator, a computer, a skateboard, a motorcycle, a piano,
a violin, a schoolbag, a brother / sister

127
Past Simple of have

7 Посмотри на рисунки и поинтересуйся, что именно


все ели на завтрак, обед или ужин. Ответь кратко
на вопросы.
Образе ц: — Did Jenny have porridge for
breakfast?
— Yes, she did.
Jenny / porridge

1. Tom / pizza 2. David / chocolates 3. Zoe / cereals with milk

4. Ann and Chloe / 5. Harry and George / 6. Meg and Peter /


tea and apple pie bacon and eggs ice cream

7. Mr Brown / 8. Chip / Pedigree 9. Fluffy / milk


fish and chips

128
Глагол have в простом прошедшем времени

8 Узнай, что у кого было в прошлом. Используй слова-указатели


времени.

last week / month / year, last Saturday / Sunday / … ,


… days / weeks / months / years / ago, yesterday

Об разе ц: 1. Did Sally have long hair last year?

1. Sally / long hair 2. Nick / a sports car 3. the Greens / a holiday


at the seaside

4. Jane and Greg / 5. Mum and Dad / 6. Mr and Mrs Smith /


a wonderful time a nice walk in the park a tasty dinner
at the party at the café

7. Grandpa / a long 8. Granny / a quiet day 9. Chloe and Sarah /


swim in the river a wonderful visit
to the gallery

129
Past Simple of Regular Verbs

24 Past Simple of Regular Verbs


Ïðîñòîå ïðîøåäøåå âðåìÿ
(ïðàâèëüíûå ãëàãîëû)
Affirmative Negative
Утвердительная форма Отрицательная форма
V + -ed/-d Полная форма — did not V
V — основная форма Краткая форма — didn’t V
глагола (инфинитив) V — основная форма глагола (инфинитив)
I played I did not (= didn’t) play
you helped you did not (= didn’t) help
he smiled he did not (= didn’t) smile
she danced she did not (= didn’t) dance
it worked it did not (= didn’t) work
we kissed we did not (= didn’t) kiss
you visited you did not (= didn’t) visit
they lived they did not (= didn’t) live

Past Simple (простое прошедшее время) используется для опи-


сания действий, которые начались и закончились в прошлом.

Часто в предложениях в простом прошедшем времени Past Simple


употребляются слова:
yesterday — вчера
last week — на прошлой неделе
last month — в прошлом месяце
last year — в прошлом году
in 2009 (two thousand nine) — в 2009 году
five minutes ago — пять минут назад
two hours ago — два часа назад
three days ago — три дня назад
a week ago — неделю назад
three months ago — три месяца назад
two years ago — два года назад

Для образования отрицательной и вопросительной форм Past


Simple используется вспомогательный глагол did. Смысловой гла-
гол употребляется в инфинитиве (основная форма глагола, отве-
чает на вопрос что делать?).

130
Простое прошедшее время (правильные глаголы)

Правила правописания глаголов в Past Simple

Глаголы, которые Если в инфинитиве


Глаголы, которые
оканчиваются 1 гласная + 1 согласная,
оканчиваются
на согласную + y, согласная удваивается
на e + -d
меняют y на ie + -d + -ed
carry — carried smile — smiled plan — planned
study — studied dance — danced stop — stopped
Нo: play — played live — lived rub — rubbed
(a — гласная)

Правила чтения окончаний -ed/-d глаголов в Past


Simple
У глаголов, основная форма которых оканчивается на гласные
и звонкие согласные, -ed/-d читается [d]: smiled, carried
У глаголов, основная форма которых оканчивается на глухие со-
гласные, -ed/-d читается [t]: helped, danced
У глаголов, основная форма которых оканчивается на [t] и [d],
-ed/-d читается [d]: visited, ended

1 Напиши форму Past Simple глаголов. Незнакомые слова найди


в словаре.

love, like, help, stop, live, watch, try, taste, carry, study, play,
wash, visit, empty, plan, talk, arrive, smile, dance, rub, dust, cook,
paint, tidy, bury, invite, hope, move, enjoy, rush, want, marry,
fulfill, turn, appear, walk, work, ask, laugh, enter, hate, look, clean,
happen, listen, brush, hop, skip, check, ski, skate, return, climb,
kiss, travel, collect, finish

131
Past Simple of Regular Verbs

2 Распредели образованные формы глаголов (см. упражнение 1) по


соответствующим колонкам.

двойная согласная
-d -ed -ied
+ -ed

loved helped tried stopped


……………… ……………… ……………… ………………

3 Установи соответствие между русскими и английскими словами.


yesterday в прошлом месяце
two days ago десять минут назад
last month на прошлой неделе
an hour ago в прошлом году
last year в 2010 году
ten minutes ago час назад
in 2010 два дня назад
last week вчера

4 Переведи на английский язык.


три недели назад — three weeks ago
в прошлом году —
два месяца назад —
пять минут назад —
в прошлом месяце —
в 2001 году —
на прошлой неделе —
три года назад —
четыре дня назад —
вчера —
год назад —
в 1975 году —
семь лет назад —
неделю назад —

132
Простое
Глагол
прошедшее
have в простом
время (правильные
прошедшем глаголы)
времени

5 Вчера было воскресенье. Напиши, как ты и другие члены семьи


помогали по дому, употребив глаголы в Past Simple.
Об разе ц: It was Sunday yesterday. I helped my
family about the house.

to help about the house, to dust the furniture,


to clean the windows, to water the flowers, to tidy my room,
to wash the floor in the kitchen, to cook breakfast,
to repair my brother’s/sister’s toy, to empty the bin (мусорное ведро),
to walk the dog, to wash the dishes

6 Напиши, что ты и твои друзья делали вчера в школе.


Образе ц: Yesterday I answered the teacher’s
questions and worked on the computer.

to listen to the teacher, to ask smb questions,


to answer smb’s questions, to work on the computer,
to help smb, to clean the classroom, to water the flowers,
to play with the friends during the break, to study hard in the
Maths lesson, to paint a picture in the Art lesson

7 Напиши, что из перечисленного в рамке ты не делал вчера. Что


из этого не делал твой брат или сестра?
Образе ц: I didn’t repair my bicycle yesterday.
My brother didn’t tidy his room.

to repair the bicycle, to walk the dog, to study for a test,


to watch television, to play computer games, to cook a pizza,
to visit my/his/her friends, to wash the dishes,
to clean my/his/her parrot’s cage, to tidy my/his/her room,
to talk to Mum, to play with my/his/her toys

133
Past Simple of Regular Verbs

8 Вставь в пропуски глаголы в отрицательной форме Past Simple.


1. The film wasn’t interesting. I didn’t enjoy (not enjoy) it.
2. Mum was very busy yesterday, so I (not talk)
to her. 3. It rained yesterday, so Jenny (not water)
the flowers in the garden. 4. The weather was bad yesterday, so
Grandpa (not walk) in the park. 5. I studied for
a History test yesterday, so I (not play) tennis
with Nick. 6. Dad was in a hurry yesterday, so he
(not phone) you. 7. The joke wasn’t funny, so they
(not laugh). 8. My grandmother wasn’t at home yesterday, so
she (not cook) dinner. 9. Emma walked to school
with her brother yesterday, so she (not carry) the
schoolbag. Her brother helped her. 10. Mother was ill yesterday,
so she (not tidy) the room and
(not wash) the floor in the kitchen.

9 Напиши, кто что делал или не делал вчера.

1. Mum / be ill / 2. Dad / 3. Granny / not 4. my brother /


not clean the house clean the house wash the dishes wash the dishes

5. I / study for 6. my friend / 7. Mum / 8. Granny / cook


the test / not walk walk the dog visit her parents / dinner
the dog not cook

134
Простое
Глагол
прошедшее
have в простом
время (правильные
прошедшем глаголы)
времени

10 Расскажи о героях этих сказок. Употреби глаголы в скобках


в форме Past Simple. Переведи предложения на русский язык.

1. Cinderella (live) with her stepmoth-


er and stepsisters. She (marry) a
prince and they (live) happily.

2. Once (однажды) Little Red Riding Hood


(visit) her grandmother. She
(carry) some milk, butter and cakes in her
basket. In the forest she (talk) to
the Wolf.

3. Pinocchio [pnk
] (be) a puppet.
He (live) with his father in a little
room. Then he (turn) into a boy.

4. Aladdin ['lædn] (rub) a lamp.


Then Genie ['di:ni] (appear).
He (fulfill) Aladdin’s wishes.

5. Goldilocks ['g
ldlks] (walk) in the
forest. She (enter) the bears’ house
and (taste) the bears’ porridge. She
(like) the small bear’s porridge very
much.

6. Snow White (live) in a house with


the seven dwarfs [dw:fs]. She
(cook) dinner and (clean) the house.
The dwarfs (work) in a cave ([kev]
пещера).

135
Past Simple of Regular Verbs

Yes / No Questions Short answers


Общие вопросы Краткие ответы

Did I study? Yes, I did. / No, I didn’t.

Did you phone? Yes, you did. / No, you didn’t.

Did he cook? Yes, he did. / No, he didn’t.

Did she play? Yes, she did. / No, she didn’t.

Did it work? Yes, it did. / No, it didn’t.

Did we enjoy? Yes, we did. / No, we didn’t.

Did you visit? Yes, you did. / No, you didn’t.

Did they help? Yes, they did. / No, they didn’t.

Did + подлежащее (кто? что?) + V?


V — основная форма глагола (инфинитив без частицы to)

11 Ответь кратко на вопросы.


1. Did you watch the last Harry Potter film? 2. Did you like it?
3. Did your family travel to sea last summer? 4. Did you travel
by plane? 5. Did you study for a Maths test on Sunday? 6. Did
you visit your friend last week? 7. Did you invite many friends to
your birthday party? 8. Did your mother cook a cherry pie for
your birthday party? 9. Did your brother or sister play computer
games on Saturday? 10. Did your grandparents watch television
yesterday? 11. Did your father walk the dog last week? 12. Did
your brother / sister tidy the room at the weekend? 13. Did you
listen to the teacher during the lesson? 14. Did you phone your
grandparents last week? 15. Did you walk to school yesterday?
16. Did your sister / brother help about the house yesterday?
17. Did your grandfather help you with your homework yesterday?
18. Did you study English last year? 19. Did your brother /
sister cry yesterday? 20. Did your mother and father play tennis
yesterday?

136
Простое
Глагол
прошедшее
have в простом
время (правильные
прошедшем глаголы)
времени

12 Спроси у своих родных, что они делали вчера. Задай каждому по


два вопроса. Заполни таблицу.
Об разе ц: Mum, did you wash the dishes yesterday?

Mum Dad your brother / sister Granny you


wash the dishes —
visit your friend
cook an apple pie —
study for a test
play computer games
repair the bicycle
work in the garden
talk to the teacher
tidy the bedroom
clean the bird’s cage

13 На основе таблицы в упражнении 12 напиши, что твои родные


делали вчера, а чего не делали.
Образец: Mum didn’t wash the dishes yesterday.
She cooked an apple pie.
14 На основе упражнения 10 задай вопросы о героях сказок. Дай
краткий ответ.
Образец: Did Little Mermaid marry the Prince? —
No, she didn’t.
15 Прочитай текст. Задай по нему вопросы и ответь на них.
Образец: Did Nick and Debby decide to cook
a strawberry pie? — No, they didn’t.
They decided to cook an apple pie.
Last week Nick and Debby had an idea. They decided to cook
an apple pie for their mother and father. First they walked to the
supermarket. Nick asked for some flour, milk and sugar. Debby
wanted some apples and eggs, too. At home, Nick mixed milk,
eggs and flour and added some sugar. Debby added apples and
they poured [p:d] (вылили) the mixture into the frying pan. They
baked it in the oven ['vn] for an hour. The pie was tasty. Their
parents smiled and thanked Nick and Debby for the apple pie.

137
Past Simple of Regular Verbs

WH-Questions
Специальные вопросы*

Did you stay? Did you stay?

When did you stay? Why did you stay?


Who did you stay with? How many times did you stay?
Where did you stay? How long did you stay?
* Специальный вопрос уточняет информацию.

16 Ответь на вопросы.
1. Who did you visit on Sunday? (Granny) 2. Did you help your
grandmother in the kitchen? 3. What did you do? 4. Did your
grandmother cook a pie for you? 5. What pie did she cook?
6. Did you watch cartoons on television? 7. What did you watch
on television? 8. Did you play outside? 9. What game did you
play? 10. Did you walk your grandmother’s dog? 11. Where did
you walk it? 12. Did you climb the trees in the garden? 13. Did
you stay at your grandmother’s place all day? 14. Did you kiss
her goodbye? 15. When did you return home?

17 Составь вопросы из слов.


1. did / travel / to the seaside / you / last summer? 2. did /
last summer / you / travel / where? 3. who / you / travel with /
did? 4. did / arrive / you / when / there? 5. how long / stay /
you / did / there? 6. you / stay / did / at the hotel? 7. you / at
your friends’ place / stay / did? 8. did / visit / any museums /
you? 9. you / did / what museums / visit? 10. you / did / like /
what places? 11. walk / did / in the streets and parks / you?
12. your visit / enjoy / you / did? 13. did / travel / home /
how / you?

18 Ответь письменно на составленные тобой вопросы в упражне-


нии 17.

138
Простое
Глагол
прошедшее
have в простом
время (правильные
прошедшем глаголы)
времени

19 Вставь в пропуски глаголы в форме простого прошедшего времени.

Last summer we (1) (travel) to Petersburg. We (2)


(arrive) in the city on Monday and (3) (stay) for a week
there. We (4) (stop) at a nice little hotel in the centre
of Petersburg. We (5) (visit) many museums and palaces.
Most of all we (6) (like) the visit to the Russian Museum.
We also (7) (walk) in the streets and parks. The Summer
Garden with its statues and cosy benches (8) (impress) us
very much. We (9) (enjoy) our visit a lot.

20 Задай вопросы к тексту из упражнения 19, употребив вопроситель-


ные слова where, when, how long, what, why.
Об разе ц: Where did you travel last summer?

21 Переведи письменно на английский язык.


1. Вчера я готовилась/готовился к контрольной по математике.
2. Я не ходила вчера в бассейн. 3. В воскресенье мы с бра-
том гуляли с собакой и играли в бадминтон. 4. Мы не играли
в компьютерные игры и не смотрели телевизор. 5. Летом мы
поехали к морю. 6. Мы не останавливались в гостинице. Мы
жили у друзей. 7. Ты играл вчера в футбол? 8. Нет, я играл
в волейбол. 9. Ты делал домашнее задание в субботу? — Да.
10. Они ходили на прошлой неделе в парк? — Нет. 11. Он
смотрел вчера телевизор? — Нет. 12. Вы ездили в Сочи в
прошлом месяце? — Да. 13. Вам понравилось? — Да. 14. Что
вам понравилось больше всего (best of all)? 15. С кем ты ез-
дил в Петербург на прошлой неделе? 16. На чём ты ездил в
Петербург? — На поезде. 17. Вы останавливались в гостини-
це? — Да. 18. Вы посещали музеи и дворцы? — Да. 19. Вы
гуляли по улицам и паркам? — Да. 20. В субботу мы навеща-
ли бабушку и дедушку. 21. Бабушка приготовила наш любимый
яблочный пирог, а дедушка починил наши велосипеды.

139
Past Simple of Irregular Verbs

25 Past Simple of Irregular Verbs


Ïðîñòîå ïðîøåäøåå âðåìÿ
(íåïðàâèëüíûå ãëàãîëû)

Affirmative Negative
Утвердительная форма Отрицательная форма

V2 — форма прошедшего Полная форма — did not V


времени, или вторая Краткая форма — didn’t V
форма глагола V — основная форма глагола (инфинитив)

I went I did not (= didn’t) go


you wrote you did not (= didn’t) write
he ran he did not (= didn’t) run
she swam she did not (= didn’t) swim
it said it did not (= didn’t) say
we spent we did not (= didn’t) spend
you bought you did not (= didn’t) buy

they taught they did not (= didn’t) teach

Неправильные глаголы в простом прошедшем времени (Past


Simple) имеют особую форму. Её надо запомнить. Эта форма
употребляется в утвердительных предложениях, чтобы обозначить
действие, которое началось и закончилось в прошлом.
См. список неправильных глаголов в конце книги на с. 250.

Little Red Riding Hood went through the


forest. She met the Wolf in the forest.
She didn’t meet a hare or a bear. She
didn’t lose her way, and came to her
grandmother’s house.

140
Простое прошедшее время (неправильные глаголы)

1 Запиши в тетрадь глаголы, как показано в образце. Найди значе-


ние слов в словаре.

Base form Past Simple


Meaning
Основная форма Форма простого прошедшего
Значение
(инфинитив) времени (вторая форма)

lose lost терять

Основная форма
lose, go, give, buy, find, come, run, pay, leave, spend, sing, do, make,
get, bring, write, sit, swim, see, eat, take, fly, draw, drink, think, know,
begin, tell, stand, break, hear, meet, sleep, say
Форма прошедшего времени
went, bought, ran, spent, lost, found, paid, sang, gave, came, left, did,
made, ate, wrote, got, saw, brought, sat, swam, took, drew, flew, be-
gan, thought, drank, knew, told, stood, broke, heard, met, slept, said

2 Что они делали вчера? Заполни пропуски глаголами в форме Past


Simple.

1. I went (go) to the zoo yesterday. 2. He (meet) his


friend on the way to school. 3. She (hear) a very
good new song on the radio. 4. We (sleep) very badly
last night. 5. The dog (swim) in the river. 6. You
(buy) a new dress. 7. They (bring) a kitten
as a present. 8. I (drink) a glass of milk for breakfast.
9. You (eat) two sandwiches at lunch. 10. We
(find) a nice little house for our family. 11. She (lose)
her phone in the shop. 12. He (run) to his friend to
tell him the good news. 13. The parrot (fly) about the
house. 14. They (write) a letter to him.

141
Past Simple of Irregular Verbs

3 Рассмотри картинки и напиши, что они делали


и чего они не делали.

Об разе ц: eat an apple / eat an orange


He didn’t eat an orange.
He ate an apple.

1. go by car / 2. go shopping / 3. meet a friend /


go by bus go to the cinema meet a neighbour

4. buy a camera / 5. swim in the river / 6. read a magazine /


buy a television swim in the swimming pool read a book

7. run about the house / 8. write an e-mail / 9. get a postcard /


run in the garden write a letter get a parcel

142
Простое прошедшее время (неправильные глаголы)

4 Что произошло вчера с Джейн? Вставь подходящие глаголы из


рамки в форме Past Simple в текст.

get up, eat, drink, go, meet, come, be (u 2), have, write, get

Yesterday Jane (1) got up at seven o’clock. She (2) two


sandwiches and (3) a cup of tea for breakfast. Then she
(4) to school. On her way to school she (5) her
friend Chloe. They (6) to school at 8:30. The first lesson
(7) Maths. They (8) a test. Jane (9) the
test without mistakes. She (10) an excellent mark. She
(11) happy.

5 Заполни пропуски в предложениях, употребив глаголы в Past Simple.


Once upon a time there lived a girl. Her name (1) (be)
Little Red Riding Hood. The girl (2) (have) a grandmother
who lived in another. Once the girl (3) (go) to visit her
grandmother. She (4) (take) a basket and (5) (put)
some cakes, milk and cheese into it. Little Red Riding Hood (6)
(be) a brave girl and she (7) (go) through the forest
to her grandmother’s house. In the forest she (8) (meet)
a wolf. The wolf wanted to eat her up. Then he decided to eat
up her grandmother too. He (9) (leave) the girl and (10)
(run) to the grandmother’s house. He (11) (take)
a short road to get there. The wolf (12) (come) to the
house, and (13) (eat up) the grandmother. Then he waited
for the girl and (14) (eat up) Little Red Riding Hood. Then
the hunters (15) (come). They killed the wolf, and out (16)
(go) Little Red Riding Hood and her grandmother safe and
sound (целые и невредимые).
6 Вставь в пропуски глаголы в утвердительной или отрицательной
форме Past Simple.
1. Last week I (see) a very good film on television. 2. I
(not hear) your phone call. 3. Bill (lose) his money
yesterday and (not buy) a present for his sister. 4. My
parents (go) to the sports shop yesterday and (buy)
bicycles for themselves. 5. It rained yesterday and I (not
run) in the park in the morning. 6. My friend (give) me an
interesting computer game as a present. 7. My neighbours
(have) a noisy party last night and I (not sleep) all night.

143
Past Simple of Irregular Verbs

8. Zoe (eat) a sandwich and (drink) a cup of coffee


for breakfast. 9. The water in the river (be) cold and Peter
(not swim) yesterday. 10. You (break) your bicycle
and (not ride) it last week.

Yes / No Questions Short answers


Общие вопросы Краткие ответы

Did I see? Yes, I did. / No, I didn’t.


Did you go? Yes, you did. / No, you didn’t.
Did he swim? Yes, he did. / No, he didn’t.
Did she bring? Yes, she did. / No, she didn’t.
Did it take? Yes, it did. / No, it didn’t.
Did we get? Yes, we did. / No, we didn’t.
Did you eat? Yes, you did. / No, you didn’t.
Did they fly? Yes, they did. / No, they didn’t.
Did + подлежащее + V?
V — основная форма глагола (инфинитив без частицы to)

7 Ответь на вопросы к тексту упражнения 4.


1. Did Jane get up at eight o’clock yesterday? 2. Did she eat
sandwiches for breakfast? 3. Did she drink coffee? 4. Did she
meet her neighbour on the way to school? 5. Did the girls come
to school at 8:30? 6. Did they have a test at the first lesson?
7. Did Jane write the test without mistakes? 8. Did she get a
bad mark for the test? 9. Was Jane happy?

8 Задай вопросы к предложениям.


1. I went to the swimming pool yesterday. — Did I go to the
swimming pool yesterday?
2. Pam saw tigers at the zoo. 3. Mum and Dad spent their holiday
in the country. 4. We met our friends at the cinema. 5. You wrote
the test in English and got a good mark. 6. Nick ate three pies and
drank a bottle of lemonade. 7. I gave the book to my friend. 8. We
found a bag on the road. 9. Maggie lost her phone in the shop.
10. Chip ran in the street and made noise.

144
Простое прошедшее время (неправильные глаголы)

9 Задай вопросы о том, что они делали вчера.


Об разе ц: take photographs —
Did he take photographs?

ride a bicycle sing swim in the river

drink Cola eat pies write a test

come to school get presents break his leg

145
Past Simple of Irregular Verbs

WH-Questions
Специальные вопросы

Did you go? Did you go?

When did you go? What time did you go?


Who did you go with? Why did you go?
Where did you go? What did you go for?
How did you go? How many times did you go?

10 Употреби глаголы в скобках в форме Past Simple.


Last summer Dick, Samantha and their parents went (go) to Spain
[spen] on holiday. They (1) (fly) there by plane. They
(2) (see) many places of interest and (3)
(eat) a lot of Spanish food. They (4) (swim) in the sea
and (5) (sit) on the beach. They all (6)
(get) sunburned. They (7) (take) o lot of photographs
and (8) (make) some new friends. They (9)
(bring) home a lot of souvenirs.

11 Поставь слова в правильном порядке и составь вопросы по тексту


упражнения 10.
1. where / Dick and Samantha / did / go / last summer?
2. do / did / what / they / in Spain? 3. eat / what / they /
did? 4. did / why / get sunburned / they? 5. photographs /
how many / take / did / they? 6. did / swim / they / where?
7. souvenirs / what / bring home / did / they? 8. they / did /
how / spend / their holiday?

12 Ответь кратко на вопросы.


1. Did you go to school yesterday? 2. Did you do your homework
yesterday? 3. Did you write any tests last week? 4. Did you go
anywhere on holiday last summer? 5. Did you make any new friends
on holiday last year? 6. Did you buy any new toy or computer game
last month? 7. Did you lose anything last week? 8. Did you see any
new films or cartoons last month? 9. Did you go to the swimming
pool last week? 10. Did you play tennis last Sunday? 11. Did you
hear any new song on the radio yesterday?

146
Простое прошедшее время (неправильные глаголы)

13 Используя вопросы из упражнения 12, составь wh-questions.


Об разе ц: Did you go to school yesterday? —
Who did you go to school with?

14 Переведи письменно на английский язык.


1. Прошлым летом мы ездили на море. 2. Вчера вы катались на
велосипеде. 3. Прошлым летом они не купались в реке. 4. Вчера
я написала контрольную без ошибок. 5. В субботу он ходил в зо-
опарк и сделал много фотографий. 6. На прошлой неделе я по-
теряла деньги и не купила подарок маме. 7. Ты пришёл вчера
в школу поздно. 8. Он ходил на прошлой неделе в школу? — Да.
9. Вы сделали вчера домашнее задание? — Нет. 10. Мама ходи-
ла вчера в магазин? — Да. 11. Ты встретила вчера свою под-
ругу? — Нет. 12. Я съела вчера два мороженых? — Да. 13. Мы
читали на прошлой неделе эту книгу? — Нет. 14. Попугай летал
вчера по дому? — Да. 15. Куда они ездили в прошлом месяце?
16. Почему ты получила плохую отметку за контрольную? 17. Что
она купила в подарок брату? 18. Когда я пришла вчера в шко-
лу? 19. Как вы добрались вчера до школы? 20. С кем он катал-
ся вчера на велосипеде?

15 Выучи некоторые рифмовки, помогающие запомнить формы непра-


вильных глаголов.

Buy, bought, bought. Sell, sold, sold.


Bring, brought, brought. Tell, told, told.
Catch, caught, caught. Hold, held, held.
Teach, taught, taught. Feel, felt, felt.
Give, gave, given. Choose, chose, chosen.
Ride, rode, ridden. Freeze, froze, frozen.
Eat, ate, eaten. Get, got, got.
Forgive, forgave, forgiven. Think, thought, thought.
Have, had, had. Do, did, done.
Sit, sat, sat. Become, became, become.
Make, made, made. Begin, began, begun.
Say, said, said. Come, came, come.

147
Past Simple of Irregular Verbs

26 Could for ability


Ìîäàëüíûé ãëàãîë could
â çíà÷åíèè «ìîã, ìîãëà, ìîãëî»

Affirmative Negative
Утвердительная форма Отрицательная форма
I I
you you
he he
read read
she she could not
could play play
it it (couldn’t)
go go
we we
you you
they they

Could является формой прошедшего времени модального глаго-


ла can. Употребляется для обозначения возможности или не-
возможности совершить действие в прошлом.

He could swim when he She could ride a bike when


was five. she was six.

После could / couldn’t употребляется глагол в основной форме


без частицы to.
She could read when she was five. But she couldn’t write.

148
Модальный глагол could в значении «мог, могла, могло»

1 Вставь в пропуски в предложениях could или couldn’t.


1. Tom could walk when he was 11 months old. 2. Zoe
read when she was four. 3. My grandfather
broke his leg last spring and he walk without his
stick. 4. Mozart play the piano when he was five.
He compose opera music when he was twelve.
5. Albert Einstein play the violin when he was
six. He didn’t get the certificate of secondary education (аттестат
о среднем образовании), because he pass the
exam in French. 6. I ride a bicycle at the age
of six. 7. They swim and nearly drowned [dra
nd]
(чуть не утонули). 8. He use a computer and
write e-mails when he was seven. 9. Their television broke down
(сломался) and they watch any programmes.
10. I was late for school yesterday, because I get
up in time. 11. She phone her parents yesterday
because she didn’t have enough time.

2 Напиши, что ты мог / могла делать, когда тебе было 6 лет.


Образе ц: When I was six I could read.
swim, ride a bike, count to a hundred, play football, fly a kite, use
the phone, use a computer, play the guitar, run fast, sing well

3 Напиши, что ты не мог(ла) делать, когда тебе было 4 года.


Образе ц: When I was four I couldn’t read.

write, ride a pony, play the piano, count to ten, swim, play tennis,
dive, tell the time, climb trees, use a calculator

4 Напиши, почему ты вчера не мог сделать следующее.


Образе ц: I couldn’t do my homework because
I had a headache.
do my homework, have breakfast, go to school, water the flowers,
walk the dog, swim in the river, play computer games,
watch television, go to the cinema, ride my bike, have lunch,
play the piano, go to the swimming pool, use a dictionary

149
Could for ability

5 Соедини соответствующие части предложения.


Образе ц: Mary was ill yesterday so she couldn’t go to
school.
1. Mary was ill yesterday a) so she couldn’t cook dinner.
2. Mum was tired yesterday b) so she couldn’t do homework.
3. Nick broke his leg c) so he couldn’t study well at
school.
4. Chloe had a headache d) so she couldn’t go to school.
5. The supermarket was closed e) so they couldn’t go shopping.
6. It rained a lot yesterday f) so I couldn’t cook omelette.
7. Tom had a terrible g) so we couldn’t get home on
toothache time.
8. The weather was bad on h) so he couldn’t get into the
Sunday house.
9. Dad didn’t have the key i) so it couldn’t chase the cat.
10. I didn’t have a bike j) so we couldn’t go to the
park.
11. Peter forgot his mobile k) so I couldn’t learn to ride it.
phone
12. Granny lost her glasses l) so he couldn’t eat anything.
13. I didn’t have any eggs at m) so the children couldn’t play
home outside.
14. My brother was very lazy n) so he couldn’t dance at the
party.
15. The dog was locked in the o) so she couldn’t read the
house book.
16. We missed (опоздали) the p) so he couldn’t phone his
last train parents.

150
Модальный глагол could в значении «мог, могла, могло»

Question Short answers


Вопросительная форма Краткие ответы
I Yes, I could. / No, I couldn’t.
you Yes, you could. / No, you couldn’t.
he Yes, he could. / No, he couldn’t.
Could she Yes, she could. / No, she couldn’t.
read / play / go?
it Yes, it could. / No, it couldn’t.
we Yes, we could. / No, we couldn’t.
you Yes, you could. / No, you couldn’t.
they Yes, they could. / No, they couldn’t.

6 Составь вопросы с модальным глаголом could. Узнай, что смогли


сделать вчера, два дня назад и на прошлой неделе эти люди.
Об разец: Could Sally do her homework yesterday?

Sally Mother Father Grandmother

do her homework no

cook breakfast no

phone his / her friend no yes

watch television no yes

ride a motorcycle yes

buy a new car no

go to the cinema no yes

go shopping yes
clean the parrot’s cage yes

7 Задай вопросы другу о том, что он мог делать, когда ему было
5 лет.
Об разец: Could you read when you were five?

read, write, ride a bike, swim, dive, play the guitar, speak English, fly
the kite, skate, ski, play chess, cook breakfast, use a computer, use
a calculator, count to a hundred, solve puzzles, take care of the pet,
look after his / her younger sister / brother

151
Past Simple of Irregular Verbs

27 Article the
Îïðåäåë¸ííûé àðòèêëü

Определённый артикль употребляется перед существительными


как в единственном, так и во множественном числе: the boy —
the boys, the book — the books, the cat — the cats.

Определённый артикль употребляется:


1) когда собеседники знают предмет, о котором идёт речь, т.е.
в разговоре упоминается определённый предмет и слушаю-
щий знает, что именно о нём идёт речь;

— Where is my cup?
— The cup is on the table.

— Nick, please go to the garden and cut


some flowers.

— Where are the cars?


— The cars are in the garage.

— Children, open the books and read the


text.

2) когда предмет единственный в своём роде.

The Sun is a star. Moscow is the capital of Russia.

152
Определённый артикль

1 Прочитай текст. Найди и выпиши существительные с определён-


ным и неопределённым артиклем. Объясни употребление артиклей.
Nick and Jenny love parties. Today their friends are coming to
the house. When they have a party, there are flowers in the vase
on the table. Nick usually washes the dishes and glasses. Jenny
likes to make a fruit salad. She’s got some apples, cherries,
bananas and a melon. Their mother always cooks burgers and
vegetables. They also prepare presents for the guests. Look,
everything is ready for the party.

Определённый Неопределённый
артикль артикль

1) the house — тот самый дом, 1) a party — любая вечеринка,


где живут Ник и Дженни которая проходит в доме

2 Вставь в пропуски в тексте артикли a / an или the.


Last week Jenny and her friend Lily saw a film. It was (1)
comedy. (2) film was called “Summer Holidays
at the Sea”. (3) girls like to eat something in the
cinema, so they bought (4) snack. It was (5)
big bar of chocolate and (6) bottle of lemonade. Lily
took (7) bar of chocolate and divided it into halves.
She also took (8) bottle of lemonade and poured
some lemonade into plastic glasses. (9) girls enjoyed
(10) snack very much. (11) film was funny.
It was about two boys who spent their holidays at (12)
sea and their numerous adventures. (13) holidays lasted
for (14) month, and (15) friends got into a
lot of funny situations. Jenny and Lily laughed a lot. They had
(16) good time and enjoyed (17) visit to (18)
cinema very much.

153
Article the

Имя существительное нарицательное — общее название пред-


мета, которое объединяет его с другими подобными предмета-
ми: boy, girl, star, planet, teacher, dog, cat, river, city, mountain,
country.
Имя существительное собственное — уникальное имя предме-
та, которое отличает его от других подобных предметов: Nick,
Jenny, Sun, Earth, Miss Brown, Spot, Fluffy, the Thames, Moscow,
Everest, Russia.
Существительное собственное обычно пишется с большой буквы.

3 Прочитай текст и выпиши из него имена нарицательные и имена


собственные. Если перед существительным стоит артикль — вы-
писывай его с артиклем.

Hello! My name is Jenny Brown. I’m ten.


This is my brother Andy. He’s twelve.
We’re from Greenwood. It’s in England.
England is a part of the United Kingdom.
This is Spot. He’s a good dog.
Our school is in Green Street. Its name
is Green Street School.
We’ve got some friends in the United
States. Their names are Ben, Sarah and
Zoe. They live in New York. New York is
on the Hudson river which flows into the
Atlantic Ocean.

Имена собственные Имена нарицательные

Jenny Brown name

154
Определённый артикль

Правила употребления артикля


с именами собственными

Определённый артикль the Артикль обычно


употребляется: не употребляется:
1) с названиями рек 1) с названиями городов
(the River Neva, the River (London, Moscow, New York)
Thames, the Volga)
2) с названиями океанов 2) с названиями стран
(the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian (Russia, England;
Ocean) НО: the USA, the UK)
3) с названиями морей 3) с названиями континентов
(the Red Sea, the Black Sea) (America, Asia)
4) с названиями пустынь 4) с названиями озер
(the Sahara Desert, the Gobi (Lake Baikal, Lake Geneva)
Desert)
5) с названиями горных систем 5) с названиями отдельных горных
(the Caucasus, the Ural Moun- вершин
tains) (Mount Everest, Mount Ben Nevis)

С именами людей артикль обычно не употребляется: Nick Brown.


Но если имеется в виду определённая семья, то фамилия упо-
требляется во множественном числе и ставится определённый
артикль: the Greens.

4 Вставь определённый артикль, где необходимо.

Lake Michigan United States River Nile


Arctic Ocean South America United Kingdom
Ural Mountains Washington Europe
Sahara Desert Lake Baikal Kara-Kum Desert
Britain Indian Ocean Amazon
River Volga Alps Rocky Mountains
White Sea Moscow London
Himalayas Australia Mont Blanc
Russia Caspian Sea Africa

155
Article the

5 Прочитай и вставь определённый артикль, где необходимо.

A. Look at this monument. This is


Statue of Liberty. It is in
New York. New York is
in USA. Statue of Liberty
is a gift (подарок) from France
to United States for its 100th
anniversary (годовщина). statue
is 93 metres high, and it is
first thing to see in America if
you come to it by sea.

B. United Kingdom is a country


in Europe. The capital of
UK is London. London
is almost 2000 years old. UK
lies on the islands in Atlantic
Ocean. Ben Nevis is the
highest mountain in Britain. It
is 1,343 metres high. It is the highest
point of Grampian Mountains.

C. Moscow Kremlin is situated


in centre of Moscow.
It is official residence of
President of Russia.
Kremlin overlooks Moskva River.
Many historical buildings are situated
here, among them Grand Kremlin
Palace and four cathedrals.

156
Определённый артикль

Употребление определённого артикля


в устойчивых словосочетаниях

Указание места Указание времени

in the garden — в саду in the morning — утром


in the house — в доме in the evening — вечером
in the country — за городом in the afternoon — днём
at the seaside — на побережье at the weekend — в выходные
моря on the first of May — первого мая
in the city — в городе during the winter — зимой
in the forest — в лесу in the spring of 2011 — весной
in the cinema — в кино 2011 года
at the café — в кафе in the daytime / night —
at the theatre — в театре днём / ночью
at the bank — в банке

6 Вставь нужные артикли (a или the), где необходимо.


1. flowers in garden are very beautiful. 2. At
weekend they always visit their parents who live in country.
3. We had nice holiday at seaside last year. 4. In
summer of 2010 it was unusually hot in Russia.
5. We went to country at weekend and had
great time there. 6. During winter he often went to
skating rink and learnt to skate. 7. I want to go to cinema
and watch new film. 8. My parents often go to café
at weekend. 9. We read a lot. We borrow books in
library. 10. Is there sitting room in house? 11. It
was dark and cold in forest. Little Red Riding Hood
was frightened. 12. In daytime forest looks lively and
full of noise. But in night it looks rather scary (пугающий).
13. We’ve got a holiday on first of May. holiday is
called Labour (труд) Day. 14. Where do you usually go at
weekend? — I stay in city. 15. My father works at
bank. 16. My mother is nurse at hospital. 17. My
grandmother spends most of her time in kitchen. 18. Her
brother doesn’t like to talk over phone.

157
Article the

Устойчивые словосочетания
без артикля

С названиями видов транспорта


by car — на машине by train — на поезде
by bus — на автобусе by plane — на самолёте
С названиями трапез
have breakfast / lunch / dinner
for breakfast / dinner / lunch
С названиями дней недели, месяцев, праздников
on Monday
in May
at Christmas
Со словами work, home, school
be at work be at school
go to school come home

7 Вставь в пропуски артикль, если необходимо.


1. Do you brush your teeth before or after breakfast?
2. What does he usually have for lunch? 3. Do they go
to school by bus or on foot? 4. When do
we have P.T. today, before or after lunch? 5. When does
she do her homework, before or after dinner? 6. How do
your parents go to work, do they go by car or
by bus? 7. When do you come home after
school? 8. How do you usually travel to country, do you
go by car or by train? 9. How many lessons do we
have on Tuesday? 10. Where do they usually go at
Christmas? 11. How did you travel to seaside last summer,
by plane or by train? 12. What did she have for
breakfast in morning? 13. When does school finish
this year, in May or in June? 14. Do you go
to school on Saturday? 15. Are children
at school?

158
Определённый артикль

8 Ответь письменно на вопросы упражнения 7.


Образе ц: I brush my teeth after breakfast.

9 Переведи письменно на английский язык.


1. Мы живём в России. 2. Москва — столица России. 3. Рос-
сия расположена в Европе и Азии. 4. Самая длинная река
в России — Волга. 5. Уральские горы являются границей
между (border between) Европой и Азией. 6. Летом мы едем
отдыхать на Чёрное море. 7. Тихий океан очень большой.
8. В Москве живёт 11 миллионов человек. 9. Кремль нахо-
дится в центре Москвы. 10. Озеро Байкал находится в Азии.
11. Россия — большая страна. 12. Обычно по выходным мы
ездим за город. 13. В саду мы выращиваем много цветов.
14. Зайцы и лисы живут в лесу. 15. В доме есть кухня, го-
стиная, ванная и четыре спальни. 16. Мы прекрасно прове-
ли время на побережье. 17. В летнее время в городе очень
жарко. 18. Утром я встаю, умываюсь, завтракаю и иду в шко-
лу. 19. На завтрак у меня обычно овсяная каша и чашка чая
с бутербродом. 20. Давай пойдём в кино.

10 Переведи письменно на английский язык.


1. Вчера я была в кафе. 2. На обед у меня была пицца и бутыл-
ка минеральной воды. 3. Вечером я принял душ и пошёл спать.
4. Обычно я хожу в школу пешком. 5. Я не езжу на автобу-
се. 6. Мы всегда путешествуем на поезде. 7. 8 марта у нас
праздник. 8. Когда ты обычно ужинаешь? 9. Что у тебя на
обед? 10. В понедельник у нас рисование и математика.
11. Учебный год начинается в сентябре. 12. Где дети? — Они
в школе. 13. Я прихожу домой в три часа, обедаю и де-
лаю уроки. 14. Каждое утро он ездит на работу на машине.
15. Соединённые Штаты расположены в Северной Америке.
16. Соединённое Королевство расположено на островах рядом
с (islands near) Европой. 17. Лондон — столица Соединённо-
го Королевства. 18. Статуя свободы находится в Нью-Йорке.
19. Столица США — Вашингтон. 20. Атлантический океан на-
ходится между (between) Америкой и Европой.

159
Comparison of Adjectives — 1

28 Comparison of Adjectives — 1
Ñòåïåíè ñðàâíåíèÿ ïðèëàãàòåëüíûõ — 1

Comparative
Superlative
Adjective Сравнительная
Превосходная степень
Прилагательное степень
прилагательное + er прилагательное + est

tall taller the tallest


cold colder the coldest
slow slower the slowest
clean cleaner the cleanest
clever cleverer the cleverest

При помощи сравнительной степени сравнивают два предмета,


при помощи превосходной степени — три предмета и более.

Особенности правописания прилагательных

Comparative Superlative
Adjective
Сравнительная Превосходная
Прилагательное
степень степень
У односложных прилагательных, оканчивающихся на согласную, эта согласная
удваивается.
big bigger the biggest
hot hotter the hottest

У одно- и двусложных прилагательных, оканчивающихся на y, y меняется на i.


dry drier the driest
easy easier the easiest

Гласная e в конце прилагательных включается в состав суффиксов -er и


-est.
simple simpler the simplest
nice nicer the nicest

160
Степени сравнения прилагательных — 1

1 Заполни таблицу. Впиши недостающие формы сравнения прилага-


тельных. Значения незнакомых слов найди в словаре.

Adjective Comparative Superlative


Прилагательное Сравнительная степень Превосходная степень

small smaller the smallest


big
the happiest
fast
the quietest
simple
nicer
lazy
the heaviest
easier
thin
the slowest
cleverer
funny

2 Сравни две машины. Используй слова в рамке.

old, small, fast, quiet, big, funny, slow, dirty, clean, noisy, nice

Об разе ц: Mrs Green’s car is older.

Mr Smith’s car Mrs Green’s car

161
Comparison of Adjectives — 1

При сравнении двух предметов можно использовать оборот:

the comparative + than


сравнительная степень прилагательного + чем
(больше, сильнее, быстрее и т.д.)

Напри м е р : The Sun is bigger than Earth.


A cheetah is faster than a lion.

3 Сравни детей, используя оборот: сравнительная степень прила-


гательного + than. Используй прилагательные в рамке.

small, tall, old, young, fat, thin, heavy

Об разе ц: Mike is older than Holly.

Holly Jenny Mike Pete You

Age / возраст 12 11 13 10

Weight / вес 40 kg 36 kg 50 kg 32 kg

Height / рост 1,60 m 1,55 m 1,50 m 1,40 m

Holly Jenny Mike Pete

4 Запиши в таблицу упражнения 3 данные о своём возрасте, росте


и весе и сравни себя с детьми.
Об разе ц: I am older / younger than Pete.

162
Степени сравнения прилагательных — 1

5 Заполни таблицу и напиши о себе и своих одноклассниках.

tall, old, heavy, short, young, small, long

Your first Your second Your third Your fourth


friend friend friend friend
you
............. ............. ............. .............
(name) (name) (name) (name)

Height

Weight

Hair long / longer /


short shorter
than mine

Age

Образе ц: Nina is taller than me.


Paul is the tallest in our class.
My hair is shorter than Nina’s.
Mike has got the shortest hair.

6 Запиши ответы на вопросы.


1. Who is the tallest in your class? 2. Who is the oldest in your
class? 3. Who is the youngest in your class? 4. Who is the
shortest in your class? 5. Who’s got the shortest hair? 6. Who’s
got the longest hair? 7. Who is the quietest in your class?
8. Who is the thinnest in your class? 9. Who is the heaviest in
your class?

163
Comparison of Adjectives — 1

7 Какие животные самые-самые в мире? Заполни пропуски прила-


гательными в превосходной степени.

1. The cheetah1 is the fastest (fast) animal


in the world. It can run at a speed of
115 kilometres per hour [a
] (в час).

2. The blue whale2 is (large)


animal in the world. It can weigh
150 tonnes [tnz] and grow 30 metres
long.

3. The African elephant is (big)


animal on land. It can weigh 8 tonnes
and can grow 7 metres long.

4. The koala3 is (lazy) animal


in the world. It can sleep 22 hours a
day.

5. The giraffe is (tall) animal


in the world. It can grow 5 metres high.

1
cheetan [t i:t] — гепард
2
blue whale ['blu: 'wel] — синий кит
3
koala [k
':l] — коала

164
Степени сравнения прилагательных — 1

6. The tape worm1 is (long)


animal in the world. It lives in the sea.
It can grow 60 metres long.

7. The humming bird2 is


(small) bird in the world. It weighs only
2 grammes.

8. The dolphin is (clever) ani-


mal in the world. It can communicate with
people.

9. The ant is (strong) insect


in the world. It can carry things that
are 50 times heavier than its own weight.

10. The skunk3 is (smelly) ani-


mal in the world.

1
tape worm ['tep w:m] — ленточный червь
2
humming bird ['hm b:d] — колибри
3
skunk [skk] — скунс

165
Comparison of Adjectives — 2

29 Comparison of Adjectives — 2
Ñòåïåíè ñðàâíåíèÿ ïðèëàãàòåëüíûõ — 2

Comparative
Superlative
Сравнительная
Adjective Превосходная степень
степень
Прилагательное
more + the most +
прилагательное прилагательное
useful more useful the most useful
difficult more difficult the most difficult

Это правило образования степеней сравнения относится к длин-


ным прилагательным, состоящим из двух или трёх слогов.
Запомни! Двусложные прилагательные, оканчивающиеся на y (happy,
lazy, easy, etc), образуют степени сравнения, как односложные при-
лагательные, с помощью суффиксов -er для сравнительной степени
и -est для превосходной.

Irregular Comparisons
Прилагательные, образующие степени сравнения
не по правилам

Comparative Superlative
Adjective
Сравнительная Превосходная
Прилагательное
степень степень
good better the best
bad worse the worst
little less the least
far further the furthest
much more the most
many more the most

При сравнении двух предметов используется оборот:


сравнительная степень + than.
Н апри мер : Table tennis is more interesting than basketball.

166
Степени сравнения прилагательных — 2

1 Заполни в тетради таблицу. Напиши формы степеней сравнения


этих прилагательных.
boring ['b:r] — скучный
interesting — интересный
famous ['fems] — знаменитый
exciting [k'sat] — интригующий
beautiful ['bju:t] — красивый
useful ['ju:s] — полезный
dangerous ['dendrs] — опасный
expensive [k'spensv] — дорогостоящий
comfortable ['kmftbl] — удобный
difficult ['dfklt] — трудный
popular ['ppj
l] — популярный
frightening ['fratn] — пугающий

Adjective Comparative Superlative


Прилагательное Сравнительная степень Превосходная степень

boring more boring the most boring

2 Сравни эти книги. Используй прилагательные из упражнения 1.


Образец: The book “Peter Pan” is more interesting than
“The Three Little Pigs”.

167
Comparison of Adjectives — 2

3 Сравни эти виды транспорта. Используй слова в рамке.

comfortable, exciting, dangerous, interesting,


expensive, popular, unusual

Об разе ц: The car is more comfortable than the underground.

the Underground the bus the train

the car the tram the trolley-bus

the plane the horse the camel

168
Степени сравнения прилагательных — 2

4 Изучи школьное расписание и сравни школьные предметы. Какие


из них самые-самые? Используй слова в рамке.

boring, exciting, useful, interesting, popular, unusual, difficult

Об разе ц: I think Maths is the most difficult subject.


TIMETABLE
Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday

1. P.T.1 1. Music 1. Handicrafts 1. Science 1. P.T.


2. Russian 2. English 2. Maths 2. Russian 2. English
3. Literature 3. Russian 3. Literature 3. Maths 3. Art
4. Maths 4. Literature 4. Science2 4. I.T.3 4. Russian

5 Изучи таблицу с отметками. Напиши, кто учится лучше, кто хуже.


Кто лучший и кто худший ученик в классе по разным предметам?
Образе ц: Jenny Green is a better pupil than Nick Smith.
Jack Brown is the best pupil in class in Maths.

Maths English Science P.T. Literature

Jack Brown A B A B B

Jenny Green B A A B A

Emma Thomson C A C B A

Nick Smith B B B A B

A — высший балл, соответствует пятёрке; D — соответствует двойке;


B — соответствует четвёрке; E — соответствует единице.
C — соответствует тройке;

1
P.T. — Physical Training — физкультура
2
Science ['sans] — окружающий мир
3
I.T. — Information Technology — информатика

169
Comparison of Adjectives — 2

6 Сравни виды спорта.

exciting, boring, funny, interesting, dangerous, good,


bad, popular, expensive

Об разе ц: I think diving is more exciting than running.


To my mind table tennis is the most boring
sport.

swimming mountain climbing cycling

mountain skiing weight-lifting football

table tennis basketball running

figure skating hockey diving

170
Степени сравнения прилагательных — 2

7 Чем ты любишь заниматься в свободное время? Сравни виды де-


ятельности.
Образец: Reading is more interesting than watching televi-
sion. Roller skating is the most exciting activity.

roller skating skateboarding watching cartoons drawing

reading playing computer gardening camping


games

playing with friends doing sport bird-watching fishing

8 Напиши, какие школьные предметы, книги, виды спорта, хобби,


виды транспорта ты считаешь лучше или хуже других, а какие —
считаешь лучшими или худшими.
Образец: I think the Underground is worse than
the bus. I think the car is the best.

good — better — the best


bad — worse — the worst

171
Prepositions of Place and Movement

30 Prepositions of Place
and Movement
Ïðåäëîãè ìåñòà è äâèæåíèÿ

Every day Nick goes to school. He


goes down the stairs.

Right now he is in front of his


house. He says goodbye to his
mother.

He goes round the corner and


moves to the bus stop.

He stops opposite the toy shop.


Then he goes across the street.

172
Предлоги места и движения

Nick usually waits for the school bus


at the bus stop.

Now Nick is not far from school.


He climbs over the fence between
the school and the sports ground.
Nick is behind the school.

Sometimes Nick goes through the


hole in the fence.

Nick goes round the corner and


goes up the stairs to the entrance.

behind — позади in front of — впереди


across — через over — над
up — вверх down — вниз
through — сквозь round — вокруг, кругом, по
opposite — напротив between — между
in — в at — у, около
to — к from — от
into — в, внутрь on — на

173
Prepositions of Place and Movement

1 Сегодня поссорились Спот и Флаффи. Спот разозлился и стал


гонять кошку. Вставь нужные предлоги в пропуски.

(1) (2)
the bed the chair

(3) (4)
the window the tree

(5) (6)
the hill the stairs

(7) (8)
the garage the house

(9) (10)
the cars the fence

174
Предлоги места и движения

2 Здесь изображён путь, по которому Алиса добирается из дома


в плавательный бассейн. Опиши его, используя предлоги up,
down, across, over, through, opposite, round,
behind, in front of, between, into, at, to.
Об разе ц: go / the stairs
Alice goes down the stairs.

(1) go / (6) go /
the bus stop the street

(2) be /
(7) go /
the bus stop /
the bridge
the pet shop

(3) go / (8) go /
the corner the fence

(4) be /
the swimming (9) go / cars
pool

(10) come /
(5) go / stairs the swimming
pool

175
Future Simple

31 Future Simple
Ïðîñòîå áóäóùåå âðåìÿ

Affirmative Negative
Утвердительная форма Отрицательная форма
Long form Short form Long form Short form
Полная форма Краткая форма Полная форма Краткая форма
will + V* ’ll + V will not + V won’t + V
I I’ll do I I won’t do
you you’ll do you you won’t do
he he’ll do he he won’t do
she she’ll do she will she won’t do
will do
it it’ll do it not do it won’t do
we we’ll do we we won’t do
you you’ll do you you won’t do
they they’ll do they they won’t do

* V — основная форма глагола (инфинитив без частицы to)

1. Простое будущее время Future Simple используется для того,


чтобы рассказать о действиях или событиях, которые могут
у
случиться у
или не случиться в будущем.

— We will go to the country at the


weekend.
— No, we won’t.
— Why?
— It will rain on Saturday and Sunday.
I read the weather forecast in the
newspaper.

176
Простое будущее время

2. Простое будущее время Future Simple употребляется, когда


решение о том, что действие или событие произойдёт или
не произойдёт, принимается говорящим в момент речи, а не
планируется заранее.

— Who can help me to carry the bags?


— I will do it.

3. Простое будущее время Future Simple часто используется после


слов hope (надеяться), expect (ожидать), think (полагать), be
sure (быть уверенным), be afraid (бояться), probably (вероятно).
В данном случае Future Simple имеет значение предположения
или предсказания.
I hope we will go to the seaside in summer. I’m afraid I won’t be
able to come. They will probably be late. I think you will become
a famous scientist one day.

Yes/No Questions Short Answers


Общий вопрос Краткие ответы

Will I go? Yes, I will. / No, I won’t.


Will you speak? Yes, you will. / No, you won’t.
Will he stop? Yes, he will. / No, he won’t.
Will she come? Yes, she will. / No, she won’t.
Will it work? Yes, it will. / No, it won’t.
Will we play? Yes, we will. / No, we won’t.
Will you sing? Yes, you will. / No, you won’t.
Will they run? Yes, they will. / No, they won’t.

Will + подлежащее + V?
V — основная форма глагола (инфинитив без частицы to)

177
Future Simple

1 Найди русский перевод для каждой английской фразы.

next week будущей зимой


tomorrow в будущем
next summer на следующей неделе
next year в следующий понедельник
next Monday будущим летом
in the future в следующие выходные
next spring будущей весной
next winter в следующее воскресенье
next weekend в будущем году
next Sunday завтра

2 Ник рассказывает, чем он будет заниматься в каникулы. Вставь в


пропуски will или won’t.
Today is the 25th of May. Our summer holidays will start next
week. I (1) go to the country. I hope the weather
(2) be fine and it (3) rain every day.
I (4) swim in the river and sunbathe
[snbeð]. I think I (5) get sunburnt1.
I’m sure we (6) play football with
my friends. I think I (7) go to
the forest with my grandparents and we (8)
pick mushrooms and berries. Then
my Granny (9) cook jam from the
berries. I (10) watch television
and I (11) play computer games.
I expect I (12) spend most of
my holidays outdoors.

Nick

1
get sunburnt [snb:nt] — обгореть на солнце

178
Простое будущее время

3 Как ты думаешь, что эта девочка будет делать в летние кани-


кулы? Чего она не будет делать? Напиши.
Образе ц: I think she will go to the seaside.
I hope she won’t watch television.

ride a bike, play outdoors, sit on the beach, build a sandcastle,


fly a kite, read books, work in the garden, water the flowers,
weed1 the vegetables, take photographs, swim in the sea,
go snorkeling2, draw pictures, sunbathe

4 Употреби глаголы в скобках в простом будущем времени.


1. We (visit) our grandparents next week.
We will visit our grandparents next week.
2. I (go) to the cinema tomorrow. 3. My parents
(spend) their holiday at the seaside next summer.
4. My brother (be) sixteen years old next year.
5. My friends (play) football next Monday. 6. My
sister (become) a doctor in the future. 7. My aunt
(buy) a house in the country next spring. 8. Gran-
ny (make) a pie next weekend. 9. I
(have) a birthday party next Sunday. 10. My father
(teach) me to ski next winter.
1
weed — пропалывать
2
go snorkeling [sn:kl] — нырять с трубкой

179
Future Simple

5 Предположи, чем эти дети будут заниматься в зимние каникулы,


а чем не будут.
Об разе ц: I’m sure they will play ice hockey.
I think they won’t swim in the river.

play ice hockey go skiing go sledging

build a snow fortress play field hockey play snowballs


[f:trs]

take a walk in the winter make a snowman do water-skiing


forest

180
Простое будущее время

6 Вставь в пропуски will или won’t.


1. Will it rain tomorrow? — I hope it won’t rain.
2. the weather be fine tomorrow? — I think the
weather be OK. 3. it snow tomor-
row? — I’m afraid it snow heavily. 4.
it be cold tomorrow? — I’m sure it be cold.
The wind is warm. 5. it be hot next summer? —
I hope it be very hot. 6. it be warm
in spring? — I’m sure it be warm. 7.
1
the weather be nasty next week? — I hope it be
nasty. 8. it be cloudy (облачно) next week? —
I expect it be cloudy. 9. it be windy
(ветрено) at the weekend? — I think it be windy.
10. it be sunny (солнечно) tomorrow? — I’m afraid
it be sunny.

7 Как ты думаешь, какой будет жизнь людей в 2050 году? Ответь


на вопросы. Придумай сам три вопроса о будущем.
1. Will people fly to Mars? 2. Will people live on the moon?
3. Will people live in houses? 4. Will people use cars? 5. Will
people go to work? 6. Will robots do all the work? 7. Will people
use planes and ships? 8. Will people eat ordinary2 food? 9. Will
children go to school? 10. Will children play with toys?

8 Представь, каким ты будешь через 20 лет. Ответь на вопросы.


1. Will you have long hair? 2. Will you wear glasses? 3. Will you
be taller? 4. Will you have children? 5. Will you have a dog?
6. Will you live in a different country? 7. Will you work? 8. Will
you have many friends? 9. Will you have a big house? 10. Will
you have a car? 11. Will you have a horse? 12. Will you be fa-
mous? 13. Will you be successful in your career? 14. Will you be
happy? 15. Will you travel a lot?

1
nasty [n:sti] — отвратительный
2
ordinary [:dnri] — обычный

181
Future Simple

9 Подбери ответные реплики. Запиши пары предложений, заменив


полные формы Future Simple на краткие.
Образе ц: 1. You look tired. — c) I think I’ll go to bed.
1. You look tired. a) I hope it will not rain.
2. Will you be a doctor? b) I think I will have a cake.
3. We haven’t got any bread. c) I think I will go to bed.
4. Do you want an ice cream d) No, I won’t. I hope I will be
or a cake? an actor.
5. I haven’t got my umbrella e) I will go and buy some.
with me.
6. What do you want to drink? f) I will give you my umbrella.
7. You have got a cold. g) I will help you.
8. We haven’t got any water. h) I think I will have some water.
9. I can’t do this exercise. i) Then I will not go to school.
10. Will it rain tomorrow? j) I will have some juice then.

10 Что можно ответить на эти фразы? Запиши, используя слова в


скобках.
Об разе ц: We haven’t got any milk. (not have cornflakes)
I won’t have cornflakes then.
1. I can’t sleep in the dark. (turn on the light) 2. You are ill and
can’t go to school. (stay at home) 3. It’s cold outside. (put on
a coat) 4. I want to go to the theatre. (buy the tickets) 5. The
dress is too small for you. (not buy it) 6. I don’t want to go
to the party alone. (go with you) 7. I’ve got a headache. (give
a pill) 8. Your shirt is dirty. (wash it) 9. It looks like rain. (not
go out) 10. We haven’t got any cheese. (not have a sandwich)
11. The window in your room is dirty. (clean it) 12. I think it
will rain. (not water the flowers in the garden) 13. You’ve got a
Maths test next week. (study for it on Sunday)

182
Простое будущее время

11 Составь вопросы из слов. Ответь на них.


Образе ц: you / next year / will / how old / be?
How old will you be next year? —
I’ll be eleven.
1. you / go / will / to the country / at the weekend?
2. an English test / have / you / will / tomorrow?
3. next Sunday / go / will / to John’s birthday party / you?
4. your sister / to John’s birthday party / go / will?
5. stay / will / your parents / at home / at the weekend?
6. Amanda / pass / the Maths test / will?
7. clean / the room / will / tomorrow / Nick?
8. be / Sam / will / a pilot?
9. you / buy / will / the tickets / to the circus / tomorrow?
10. make / some sandwiches / will / for us / you?

12 Переведи на английский язык.


1. Я поеду к морю летом. 2. Мой брат станет художником.
3. Мои родители купят большой дом. 4. Она станет известной.
5. Я боюсь, они не придут на вечеринку. 6. Я думаю, мы
не поедем на дачу на выходные. 7. Вероятно, он не будет
писать контрольную. 8. У нас нет сахара. — Я пойду куплю.
9. Собака грязная. — Я помою её. 10. Ты будешь есть мясо
или рыбу на обед? — Я буду мясо. 11. У тебя простуда. —
Тогда я не пойду завтра в школу. 12. Какая завтра будет
погода? — Будет солнечно и жарко. 13. Надеюсь, завтра не
будет холодно. 14. На следующей неделе в Петербурге будет
ветрено. 15. Завтра будет холодно? — Да, будет холодно
и туманно. 16. Мы не пойдём на концерт на следующей
неделе. 17. Она больна. Она не пойдёт на вечеринку.
18. У меня нет большой сумки. — Я дам тебе свою сумку.
19. У вас завтра контрольная по математике. — Я буду
готовиться к ней.

183
Be going to for future plans

32 Be going to for future plans


Be going to äëÿ âûðàæåíèÿ
áóäóùåãî çàïëàíèðîâàííîãî äåéñòâèÿ

Affirmative Negative
Утвердительная форма Отрицательная форма
be going to + V* be not going to + V*
I am (I’m) going to read I am not (I’m not) going to read
you are (you’re) going to cook you are not (aren’t) going to cook
he is (he’s) going to watch TV he is not (isn’t) going to watch TV
she is (she’s) going to dance she is not (isn’t) going to dance
it is (it’s) going to be fun it is not (isn’t) going to be fun
we are (we’re) going to read we are not (aren’t) going to read
you are (you’re) going to play you are not (aren’t) going to play
they are (they’re) going to sleep they are not (aren’t) going to sleep

* V — основная форма глагола (инфинитив без частицы to)

Be going to употребляется для выражения действия, которое кто-


либо запланировал и намеревается совершить.

She is going to pack her suitcase. He is going to eat the cake.

184
Be going
Be going
to для
to для
выражения
выражения
будущего
будущего
запланированного
запланированногодействия
действия

Be going to отличается от простого будущего времени (Future Sim-


ple) тем, что используется для рассказа о планах и намерениях на
будущее, в то время как простое будущее время описывает будущие
действия, которые заранее не планировались. Сравни примеры:
I’m going to have a party on Sunday. I’m going to make a cake.
We don’t have anything for tea. — I’ll make a cake. It won’t take
long (не займёт много времени).

1 Замени полные формы на краткие.


Об разец: Jane is ill. She is going to see the doctor. —
She’s going to see the doctor.
1. Mr Bell is hungry. He is going to have lunch. 2. Nick is tired.
He is going to bed. 3. Betty can’t do her homework. She is going
to ask her mum for help. 4. Mr Black is hot. He is going to have
a cold shower. 5. Kate and Pam have got toothache. They are go-
ing to the dentist. 6. Jenny and Tom can’t find their cat. They are
going to look for it in the garden. 7. Bill and Samantha are bored.
They are going to watch cartoons on TV. 8. It’s Amanda’s birthday
next Sunday. She is going to have a party.

Во фразах I’m/(s)he’s/you’re/we’re/they’re going to go … второй гла-


гол go опускается, чтобы избежать повторения:
We’re going to the concert tomorrow.

2 Что они собираются или не собираются делать? Составь предло-


жения из слов и словосочетаний.
A. I; Mum; Granny; Dad; our teacher; my friends; my brother and I;
our neighbours; my classmates; our grandparents
B. am going to; is going to; are going to; am not going to; is
not going to; are not going to
C. watch TV this evening; give us a test in Maths on Tuesday; move
to another flat next week; sell his car; fly to Spain for the holi-
day; play tennis at the weekend; buy a birthday present for me;
walk to school this morning; go to the swimming pool on Sun-
day; go to the birthday party

185
Be going to for future plans

3 Напиши, что ты собираешься делать в следующих ситуациях.


Образе ц: Your hair is dirty. — I’m going to wash my hair.
1. You are hot. 2. It is your aunt’s birthday next week. 3. Your
room is a mess (беспорядок). 4. There is no food in your fridge.
5. You are tired. 6. You don’t know the home task for tomorrow.
7. The weather is fine. 8. You’ve got toothache. 9. You have got
free time. 10. Your friend is ill.

buy a present for her, buy some food in the shop, go to bed
early, have a cold shower, tidy the room, phone my friends, go for
a walk, watch television, visit my friend, play computer games, read
a magazine, go to the dentist

4 Что собираются делать эти дети? Напиши.

Об разе ц: She’s going to play the piano.

play the piano

1. play tennis 2. phone her grandparents 3. repair the bicycle

4. watch some films 5. buy some magazines 6. walk the dog

186
BeBe
Be
going
going
going
toto
to
для
для
длявыражения
выражения
выражениябудущего
будущего
будущегозапланированного
запланированного
запланированногодействия
действия

5 Расскажи, что ты планируешь делать в ближайшие выходные.


Об разец: I’m going to the cinema with my parents.

go to the circus, go to the cinema, go shopping with Mum, help


Mum about the house, go to the amusement park, play computer
games, read a book, tidy my room, visit my grandparents, watch
cartoons on television, play football, go to the country, play with my
friend in the playground, have a picnic with my parents

6 Напиши, кто что собирается делать. Используй краткие формы.


Об разе ц: Tony can’t answer the question.
He’s going to ask his dad for help.

1. Tony can’t answer the question. a. have some medicine


2. Jane has got high temperature. b. put on some dry clothes
3. Granny can’t read the book.
c. ask his dad for help
4. Mr Blair is cold.
d. find her glasses
5. Nick and Kate are wet.
6. Mrs White is sleepy. e. go to the dentist
7. Fluffy is hungry. f. have a hot bath
8. It’s dark. Zoe can’t see anything. g. give her some milk
9. Pam is thirsty.
h. buy flowers for her
10. Bill can’t repair his bicycle.
i. wash my hands
11. The windows in Jenny’s room are
dirty. j. switch on the light
12. Your hands are dirty. k. drink some water
13. You’ve got toothache. l. ask his brother for help
14. It looks like rain. You want to go
m. clean the windows
to school.
n. go to bed
15. Your father is late for work.
16. It is your mother’s birthday on o. go by taxi
Saturday. p. take an umbrella

187
Be going to for future plans

Yes/No Questions Short answers


Общий вопрос Краткие ответы

Am I going to …? Yes, I am. / No, I am not (I’m not).

Are you going to …? Yes, you are. / No, you are not (aren’t).

Is he going to …? Yes, he is. / No, he is not (isn’t).

Is she going to …? Yes, she is. / No, she is not (isn’t).

Is it going to …? Yes, it is. / No, it is not (isn’t).

Are we going to …? Yes, we are. / No, we are not (aren’t).

Are you going to …? Yes, you are. / No, you are not (aren’t).

Are they going to …? Yes, they are. / No, they are not (aren’t).

7 Составь вопросы из слов.

1. he / going to / tennis / play? — Is he going to play ten-


nis? 2. going to / we / the seaside / are / in summer? 3. you /
have lunch / are / going to / at the café? 4. going to / the
amusement park / she / is / in the evening? 5. are / going
to / they / swim / in the sea? 6. the boy / going to / eat an
ice cream / is? 7. going to / build a sandcastle / we / on the
beach / are? 8. look for seashells / the girl / going to / is / on
the beach? 9. take photos / they / are / going to? 10. you /
are / buy any souvenirs / going to? 11. going to / lie in the
sun / is / she? 12. he / going to / is / make new friends?
13. we / going to / the swimming pool / are? 14. send post-
cards / they / going to / are / to their friends? 15. is / going
to / galleries and museums / visit / he? 16. watch television /
we / going to / are / in the evening? 17. they / going to /
read books / are? 18. are / take a boat trip / going to / you?
19. swim / the boy / going to / is?

188
BeBe
Be
going
going
going
toto
to
для
для
длявыражения
выражения
выражениябудущего
будущего
будущегозапланированного
запланированного
запланированногодействия
действия

8 Составь вопросы, чтобы узнать, чем планируют заняться в ближай-


шие выходные твои одноклассники.
Образец: Are you going to play basketball?

football basketball
tennis hockey

play

books magazines
comics newspapers

read

the guitar the violin


the piano the drums
the trumpet1 the keyboards2

play

to the cinema to the zoo


to the theatre to the circus
to the amusement park to the swimming pool

go

watch television listen to music


play computer games help Mum about the house
repair the bicycle study for a test in English
tidy the room make a cake

at home
1
trumpet [trmpt] — труба
2
keyboards [ki:b:dz] — электропианино

189
Be going to for future plans

WH-Questions / Специальный вопрос

Общий вопрос: Are you going to play tennis?


When are you going to play tennis?
Who are you going to play tennis with?
Where are you going to play tennis?
How are you going to play tennis?

Общий вопрос: Is he going to play tennis?


What time is he going to play tennis?
Why is he going to play tennis?
What game is he going to play?
How many times is he going to play tennis?

9. Узнай, чем планируют заняться твои родственники в ближайшие вы-


ходные. Задай им вопросы, чтобы выяснить как можно больше под-
робностей, и заполни таблицу.
Образе ц: Are you going to make a cake on Sunday,
Granny? — Yes, I am.
When are you going to make a cake? —
I’m going to make it in the morning.

brother /
Mum Dad Granny Grandad
sister
cook dinner
ride a bicycle
play the guitar
make a cake √ in the morning
fly the kite
do Maths
go fishing
go shopping
play chess

190
BeBe
Be
going
going
going
toto
to
для
для
длявыражения
выражения
выражениябудущего
будущего
будущегозапланированного
запланированного
запланированногодействия
действия

10 Дай краткие ответы на вопросы.


1. Are you going to the seaside in summer? 2. Is your father go-
ing to buy a bicycle? 3. Are your parents going to have a party
next weekend? 4. Is your friend going to buy flowers for her /
his teacher? 5. Are you going to walk in the park with your par-
ents in the evening? 6. Are you going to have breakfast today?
7. Is your friend going to phone her / his parents? 8. Are your
grandparents going shopping on Sunday? 9. Is your sister going
to the theatre next week? 10. Are you going to the swimming
pool with your family tomorrow?

11 Используя вопросы из упражнения 10, составь wh-questions.


Образе ц: Are you going to the seaside in summer? —
Who are you going with?

12 Переведи письменно на английский язык.


1. Бабушка собирается печь пирог в воскресенье? 2. Ты со-
бираешься устраивать вечеринку в день рождения? 3. Мы со-
бираемся поехать за город в следующие выходные? 4. Она
собирается готовиться к контрольной по математике? 5. Вы
собираетесь пойти за покупками завтра? 6. Дедушка собира-
ется пойти погулять в парке? 7. Денис собирается починить
свой велосипед? 8. Зоя собирается пойти в бассейн на сле-
дующей неделе? 9. Мы собираемся купить автомобиль. 10. Он
собирается написать книгу. 11. Я собираюсь поплавать в реке.
12. Они собираются поехать в Испанию летом. 13. Мы собира-
емся пообедать. 14. Она собирается написать родителям пись-
мо. 15. Я не собираюсь идти завтра в театр. 16. Он не соби-
рается смотреть телевизор. 17. Мы не собираемся оставаться
летом в городе. 18. Они не собираются покупать дом. 19. Она
не собирается идти завтра в школу. 20. Вы не собираетесь
устраивать вечеринку в выходные.

191
Be going to for future plans

33 Would like to do
for future actions
Would like to do äëÿ âûðàæåíèÿ
æåëàíèÿ ñäåëàòü ÷òî-ëèáî â áóäóùåì

Long form / Полная форма Short form / Краткая форма


I would like to go I’d like to go
you would like to be you’d like to be
he would like to stay he’d like to stay
she would like to come she’d like to come
we would like to read we’d like to read
they would like to play they’d like to play
would like to + V
V — основная форма глагола (инфинитив)

Форма would like to do имеет значение «хотеть, желать сделать


что-либо». Would like более вежливая форма для выражения жела-
ния, чем глагол want (хотеть).

Question Negative
Вопросительная форма Отрицательная форма
Would + подлежащее + like to + V? wouldn’t like to + V
V — основная форма глагола V — основная форма глагола

Would you like to travel to the North


Pole?

I wouldn’t like to travel to the North


Pole, but I’d like to travel to Australia.

192
Would
Would
likelike
to to
dodo
для
для
выражения
выраженияжелания
желаниясделать
сделать что-либо
что-либо вв будущем
будущем

1 Замени полные формы на краткие.


Об разе ц: We would like to fly to Mars.
We’d like to fly to Mars.
1. I would like to go to the South Pole. 2. He would like to be-
come a singer. 3. She would like to write a book. 4. We would
like to stay in this hotel. 5. They would like to buy a house.
6. We would like to play in the garden. 7. He would like to swim
in the river. 8. They would like to become famous. 9. She would
like to go there. 10. I would like to come to your birthday party.

2 Что из этого ты хотел бы иметь, а чего не хотел бы? Пиши, ис-


пользуя краткие формы.

Об разе ц: I’d like to have a new doll. I wouldn’t like to


have a kite.

a pet cat a bike a horse a calculator

a kite an aquarium a computer a donkey

a guitar a camera coloured pencils а new skateboard

193
Would like to do for future actions

3 Задай вопросы своему однокласснику о том, что бы он хотел сде-


лать.
Образе ц: Would you like to travel to Brazil?

travel to Brazil [brzl], see a ghost [


st] (привидение),
ride an elephant, fly to the moon, write a book,
be on television, meet a film star, learn karate [kr:ti],
work in a circus, go to Disneyland, become a pop star

4 Представь, что тебе задали вопросы из упражнения 3. Дай краткий


ответ.
Об разе ц: — Would you like to travel to Brazil?
— No, I wouldn’t. / Yes, I would.

5 Напиши, кем бы ты хотел стать, где хотел бы жить, что хотел бы


делать.
Об разе ц: I would like to become a sailor.
I would like to travel around the world.
I would like to see many different countries.

6 Переведи на английский язык.


1. Я хотел бы стать лётчиком. 2. Я хотел бы путешествовать по
миру. 3. Я хотел бы побывать во многих странах. 4. Я хотел
бы увидеть много знаменитых достопримечательностей (places of
interest). 5. Мой брат хотел бы стать врачом. 6. Он хотел бы
работать в больнице. 7. Он хотел бы помогать людям. 8. Моя
сестра хотела бы стать балериной. 9. Она хотела бы танцевать
в Большом театре. 10. Она хотела бы ездить в разные страны.
11. Мои родители хотели бы купить дом за городом. 12. Они
хотели бы ездить за город по выходным. 13. Они хотели бы
выращивать (grow) цветы и овощи. 14. Мои бабушка и дедушка
хотели бы иметь собаку. 15. Они хотели бы гулять с собакой
в парке.

194
Would
Would
likelike
to to
dodo
для
длявыражения
выраженияжелания
желаниясделать
сделать что-либо
что-либо вв будущем

7 Напиши, что из перечисленного ты хотел бы иметь, а что нет.


Образец: I would like to have a new computer.
I wouldn’t like to have a pet crocodile.

a lot of friends, a ticket to the Disney World, a pet crocodile,


a motorbike, an English pen friend, a new computer, a mobile phone,
a horse, a big house, a pet spider, a castle [k:sl] (зáмок) with
a ghost, a pet dog, a boat, new rollerblades, a new tennis racket,
a budgie [bdi] (попугайчик), a skateboard, a camera, a new bicycle

8 Составь диалоги по образцу.


Образец: — Would you like a cup of tea?
— No, thank you. I would like
a cup of coffee.

a glass of orange juice / a piece of cake / some a bowl of soup /


a glass of water biscuits a carton of yoghurt

an orange / an apple some chocolate / an ice cream /


a sandwich some cherries

195
Be going to for future plans

34 May for possibility


and asking for permission
Ìîäàëüíûé ãëàãîë may
äëÿ âûðàæåíèÿ âîçìîæíîñòè
ñîâåðøåíèÿ äåéñòâèÿ â áóäóùåì;
äëÿ âûðàæåíèÿ ïðîñüáû

May употребляется, когда нужно сказать о том, что возможно слу-


чится или не случится в будущем.

Affirmative Negative
Утвердительная форма Отрицательная форма
I go I go
you play you play
he come he come
she be she be
it may rain it may not rain
we stay we stay
you read you read
they have they have

После may / may not употребляется глагол в основной форме


(инфинитив) без частицы to.
may / may not + V V — основная форма глагола
— She may not
come to the party.
It’s cloudy and
— Where windy. It may
is Jessy? rain.

196
Модальный
Модальныйглаголmayдлявыражениявозможностисовершениядейств глагол
иявбудущем;длявы may
раженияпросьбы

1. Что может случиться в будущем? Переформулируй предложения


с помощью may / may not.
1. Perhaps it will become warmer on Earth. — It may become
warmer on Earth. 2. Perhaps people will live on Mars. 3. Per-
haps people will not use cars. 4. Perhaps people will build cities
on the moon. 5. Perhaps people will not go to work. 6. Perhaps
robots will do all the work. 7. Perhaps people will not eat from
plates. 8. Perhaps children will not go to school. 9. Perhaps
children will study at home. 10. Perhaps people will not live on
Earth. 11. Perhaps people will live in space stations. 12. Perhaps
the weather will be colder.

2. Предположи, какая завтра будет погода в разных городах мира.


Об разе ц: It may be cloudy tomorrow in Paris.
It may rain.

be hot, be cold, be warm,


be foggy, be cloudy, be windy,
rain, snow

Madrid [mdrd] New York [nju: j:k] Warsaw [w:s:]

Edinburgh [ednbr] Dublin [dbln] Sydney [sdn]]

197
May for possibility and asking for permission

3 Ответь на вопросы, используя may / may not + V.


1. Will you be famous in the future? — I may be famous.
2. Will your sister have a country house? 3. Will your mother be
happy? 4. Will your aunt be rich? 5. Will your brother be suc-
cessful in his career? 6. Will you have a car? 7. Will you have
many friends? 8. Will your cousin have a horse? 9. Will you live
in England? 10. Will your friend live in France? 11. Will your
grandparents have a dog? 12. Will you travel around the world?

4 Ответь на вопросы о будущем. Выскажи предположение с помо-


щью глагола may.
1. What are you going to do at the weekend?
— I’m not sure. I may go to the country.

2. Where is your sister going for her summer holidays? 3. When


will you see your grandmother again? 4. When are we go-
ing to have lunch? 5. What are they going to do after school?
6. What is your brother going to do with the money he got for
his birthday? 7. What are your parents going to do tomorrow?
8. Where are you going on Sunday afternoon? 9. What are we
going to have for dinner? 10. How are they going to get home
after the theatre? 11. When will your father go to the swimming
pool? 12. What are you going to give your mother as a birthday
present?

5 Опиши с помощью глагола may пять вещей, которые ты, воз-


можно, сделаешь или не сделаешь в будущем.
Образе ц: I may live in another country. I may become
a famous actor / actress. I may help poor
people. I may build a beautiful house. I may
not fly to the moon.

198
Модальный
Модальныйглаголmayдлявыражениявозможностисовершениядейств глагол
иявбудущем;длявы may
раженияпросьбы

6. Представь, что ты разговариваешь с гадалкой: ты задаёшь ей во-


просы, она пытается предположить, что будет в твоём будущем.
Вставь в пропуски will, won’t, may, may not.
Fortune-teller 1: Hello. You can ask me any questions, and I will
tell you everything about your future.
You: OK. (1) I be famous?
Fortune-teller: You (2) be famous one day.
You: (3) I be rich?
Fortune-teller: You (4) be rich, but I think you
(5) have many friends.
You: (6) I always live in this country?
Fortune-teller: You (7) live in a different country.
You: In what country (8) I live?
Fortune-teller: You (9) live in England.
You: I hope it (10) be England. I can’t speak
English well.
Fortune-teller: You (11) learn to speak English
like an Englishman.
You: What (12) the questions be in our English
test tomorrow?
Fortune-teller: I don’t know. You must study hard, and I hope
you (13) get an excellent mark for the test.
You: I’m afraid I (14) get a good mark.
Fortune-teller: I’m sure you (15) go home
right now and study hard for the test. In this case you (16)
get a bad mark.
You: One more question. (17) I go to the sea-
side in summer?
Fortune-teller: I think you (18) go anywhere
in summer if you don’t study well.
You: OK. I (19) work hard and I (20)
be famous in the future.

1
fortune-teller [f:t n tel] — гадалка

199
May for possibility and asking for permission

May употребляется также для того, чтобы попросить разрешения


сделать что-либо или дать разрешение.

The lesson is over.


May I come in?
You may go.

7 Попроси разрешения сделать это.


Образе ц: May I go out and play with my friends?

go to the cinema, watch television, play computer games, go to the


swimming pool, invite my friends to our place, make a milkshake,
make a sandwich, take Dad’s bike, use Mum’s computer, read
Granny’s magazine, play with your cat, climb the tree, use your
phone, buy a new toy, take your pen

8 Прочитай описание ситуаций. Что нужно сказать в этих случаях?

1. У тебя нет ручки. Ты просишь у друга разрешения взять его


ручку.
2. Ты не расслышал, что сказала учительница. Ты просишь её
повторить.
3. Ты увидел котёнка у друга. Ты просишь разрешения поиграть
с котёнком.
4. У друга день рождения. Ты просишь разрешения прийти
к нему вместе с сестрой.
5. В комнате жарко. Ты просишь разрешения открыть окно.

200
Модальный
Модальныйглаголmayдлявыражениявозможностисовершениядейств глагол
иявбудущем;длявы may
раженияпросьбы

9 Составь по картинкам предложения с выражением


просьбы.
Образе ц: May I speak to Masha, please?

speak to somebody

1. use your camera 2. take your umbrella 3. answer the question

4. close the window 5. have a pie 6. borrow [br


] the book

10 Переведи письменно на английский язык.


1. Возможно, я стану знаменитым. 2. Возможно, у меня бу-
дет большой дом. 3. Возможно, я стану известным писателем.
4. Возможно, я полечу на Марс. 5. Возможно, климат на Земле
станет холоднее. 6. Возможно, он не придет в школу. 7. Воз-
можно, после уроков мы пойдём в бассейн. 8. Возможно, зав-
тра будет ветрено и холодно. 9. Возможно, завтра пойдёт снег.
10. Возможно, завтра будет тепло и солнечно. 11. Возможно,
завтра будет дождь. 12. Можно войти? 13. Можно восполь-
зоваться твоим телефоном? 14. Можно почитать твою книгу?
15. Можно взять твои карандаши? 16. Можно взять её вело-
сипед? 17. Можно поиграть на компьютере? 18. Можно пойти
поиграть на площадке? 19. Можно пойти в кино? 20. Можно
пойти в бассейн?

201
Be going to for future plans

35 Adverbs of Frequency
(how often?)
Íàðå÷èÿ ÷àñòîòû äåéñòâèÿ
(êàê ÷àñòî?)

Такие наречия показывают, как часто происходит то или иное дей-


ствие, и отвечают на вопрос: как часто?
never rarely sometimes usually often always

никогда редко иногда обычно часто всегда

1. Наречия always / often / usually / sometimes / rarely / never


ставятся в предложении перед глаголом.

I always drink tea in the morning.

My brother often goes to the cinema.

2. Эти же наречия ставятся в предложении после глагола be.

He is always late for school. It is often cold in winter.

202
Наречия
Наречиячастоты
частотыдействия
действия(как
(какчасто?)
часто?)

3. Словосочетания once / twice a day / week / month / year (один раз / два
раза в день/неделю/месяц/год), every day /week /month / year (каж-
дый день, каждую неделю, каждый месяц/год), three/four/five times
a day/week/month/year (три/четыре/пять раз в день/неделю/ме-
сяц/год) также употребляются для того, чтобы показать, как часто
происходит то или иное действие. Они ставятся обычно в конце
предложения.

I clean my teeth twice a day. Dad goes shopping every week.

1 Поставь наречие или словосочетание, данное в скобках, на нужное


место в предложении.
1. School starts at 8.30. (usually) — School usually starts
at 8.30.
2. Nick drinks coffee in the morning. (always) 3. My father finish-
es work at 6 o’clock. (rarely) 4. I tidy my room. (once a week)
5. She comes home late. (never) 6. We don’t eat fish for lunch.
(usually) 7. They have breakfast at 8 o’clock. (always) 8. I walk
my dog in the park. (sometimes) 9. He goes to the swimming
pool. (every day) 10. Mum doesn’t work on Sunday. (usually)
11. He goes to work by car. (never) 12. I go to bed at
11 o’clock. (rarely) 13. We stay at this hotel. (sometimes) 14. They
go to school by bus. (often) 15. They go to the country. (every
weekend) 16. We have holidays. (four times a year) 17. My par-
ents have holidays. (twice a year) 18. I go to see my grandpar-
ents. (three times a week) 19. I visit museums and art galleries.
(four times a month)

203
Adverbs of Frequency (how often?)

2 Выбери и поставь наречие на нужное место в предложении.

never always sometimes rarely often usually

1. Mary is polite. (всегда) — Mary is always polite.


2. The bus is late. (никогда) 3. My friend is busy. (обычно)
4. Your sister is rude1. (иногда) 5. It is warm in spring. (обычно)
6. It is hot in winter. (никогда) 7. He is at home during the
day. (редко) 8. I am tired. (часто) 9. I am in bed at 10 o’clock.
(обычно) 10. It is windy in this place. (всегда) 11. Mum is an-
gry with me. (иногда) 12. Dad has lunch at 12 o’clock. (часто)
13. We go for a walk together. (редко) 14. Granny gets up late.
(никогда) 15. He plays computer games. (часто) 16. It is chilly2
in autumn. (иногда) 17. We go shopping on Sunday. (всегда)
18. Dad goes to bed late. (редко) 19. I have soup and roast
chicken for lunch. (обычно) 20. My mother drinks coffee at
breakfast. (всегда)

3 Ответь на вопросы, используя наречия или словосочетания со зна-


чением частоты действия.
1. Do you go to school? — Yes, I do. I go to school
five times a week. 2. When do you get up? — I always
get up at 7.30. 3. When do you have breakfast? 4. Do
you go to school by bus? 5. How often do you have meals?
6. Do you have lunch at 12 o’clock? 7. When is school over
(заканчивается)? 8. Do you help your parents about the house?
9. What do you do about the house? 10. Are you ever (когда-
нибудь) late for school? 11. Do you go to the swimming pool?
12. How often do you tidy your room? 13. Are you tired after
school? 14. Are you polite with people? 15. Is your friend rude
to teachers? 16. How often do you have holidays? 17. Where do
you go for your holidays? 18. Do you go to the park? 19 What
do you do in the park? 20. Do you go to the cinema? 21. Do
you go to the theatre?

1
rude [ru:d] — грубый
2
chilly [ li] — прохладный

204
Наречия
Наречиячастоты
частотыдействия
действия(как
(какчасто?)
часто?)

4 Ответь письменно на вопросы.


1. How often do you go to school? 2. Do you go to school at
weekends? 3. How many lessons do you have every day? 4. How
many times a week do you have Maths, Art, P.E.? 5. What do
you do after school? 6. How often do you have music lessons?
7. How often do you do sports? 8. How often do you go to
the swimming pool? 9. How often do you go to the playground?
10. What do you do in the playground? 11. What do you do
at the weekend? 12. How often do you go to the circus or to
the theatre? 13. Do you help your parents about the house?
14. What do you do about the house?

5 На основе ответов на вопросы упражнения 4 опиши свою обычную


неделю.
Об разе ц: I go to school five times a week. Etc.1

6 Опиши две вещи, которые ты делаешь всегда, которые никогда не


делает твоя мама, которые обычно делают твои бабушка и дедуш-
ка, которые иногда делает твой брат или сестра.
а.

I always eat porridge for breakfast..

My Mum is never late for work.

My grandparents usually do a lot


about the house.

1
etc. [et setr] — и так далее

205
Be going to for future plans

36 Adverbs of Manner
(in what way?)
Íàðå÷èÿ îáðàçà äåéñòâèÿ
(êàêèì îáðàçîì?)

Наречия образа действия показывают, каким образом совершается


действие. Они употребляются после глагола, к которому относятся.
He always speaks quietly. She writes neatly. The children behave
badly.
Наречия образа действия образуются от соответствующих прилага-
тельных с помощью суффикса -ly.
quiet – quietly slow – slowly bad – badly
тихий – тихо медленный – медленно плохой – плохо

Правила правописания наречий,


образованных от прилагательных

y меняется на i e меняется на y, если


при добавлении суффикса -ly прилагательное заканчивается на -le
tidy — tidily simple — simply
noisy — noisily gentle — gently

Есть особые формы наречий, которые нужно запомнить.

Прилагательное Наречие
good — хороший well — хорошо
hard — сложный, трудный hard — упорно, усердно
fast — быстрый fast — быстро
late — поздний late — поздно
early — ранний early — рано

Her job is hard. (прилагательное) — She works hard. (наречие)


Nick is a fast runner. (прилагательное) — Nick runs fast. (наречие)
Your English is good. (прилагательное) — You speak English well.
(наречие)
The bus is never late. (прилагательное) — I go to bed late. (на-
речие)

206
Наречия
Наречияобраза
образадействия
действия(каким
(какимобразом?)
образом?)

1 Образуй наречия от прилагательных и переведи их на русский язык.


Об разец: careful – carefully – осторожно

simple, clever, angry, noisy, easy, quiet, slow, polite, happy, bad,
loud, tidy, silent, beautiful, quick, correct, neat, heavy, dangerous,
sudden, nervous, nice, pretty, sad

2 Распредели слова из рамки в три колонки.

Прилагательное Наречие Прилагательное / наречие


pretty prettily late

prettily, simply, hard, late, angrily, beautiful, quiet, loudly, angry,


quietly, nervously, early, slow, carefully, nervous, neatly, loud, pretty,
dangerously, simple, neat, careful, beautifully, fast, dangerous, slowly

3 Выбери из скобок и вставь в предложение прилагательное или на-


речие.

Прилагательные характеризуют существительные, а наречия —


глаголы.

1. Ashley always writes neatly (neat/neatly). 2. Jenny is a


(neat/neatly) girl. 3. Zoe works (good/well) in class.
4. This is a (good/well) job. 5. Nick learns the words
(slow/slowly). 6. A turtle is a (slow/slowly)
animal. 7. My little brother shouts very (loud/loudly).
8. There was a (loud/loudly) scream outside. 9. He
had a (bad/badly) day at school. 10. He behaves quite
(bad/badly). 11. This is an (easy/easily) job.
12. I can do it (bad/badly) day at school. 13. He is
a (happy/happily) man. 14. The child always smiles
(happy/happily). 15. The girl was very (beau-
tiful/beautifully). 16. I can decorate the dress (beauti-
ful/beautifully). 17. She always drives (careful/carefully).
18. He is a (careful/carefully) person.

207
Adverbs of Manner (in what way?)

4 Допиши отчёт учителя об учениках. Образуй наречия от прилага-


тельных в скобках.
A. Alison Smith is a good pupil. She can spell
English words correctly (correct). She can
understand the new material (1)
(easy). She can read texts (2)
(quick). She can write words (3)
(neat). She always listens to the teacher
(4) (careful). She works in class
(5) (quiet). She behaves (6) (good) in
class. She studies (7) (hard) and her progress is
great.

B. Nick Forrester is not a good pupil. He


writes in his exercise book (1)
(untidy). He learns the new rules (2)
(slow). He speaks English (3)
(bad). He works in class (4)
(careless). He behaves (5)
(noisy) and sometimes shouts
quite (6) (loud). But he is very
good at sports. He works (7) (hard) at P.E. les-
sons. He can run (8) (fast). He plays football very
(9) (good).

5 Ответь на вопросы. Используй наречия в рамке.

untidily, neatly, carelessly, carefully, happily, easily, attentively,


badly, quickly, slowly, well, fast, hard, early

1. How do you write in your exercise book? — I write neat-


ly. 2. How do you ride your bike? 3. How does your fa-
ther drive the car? 4. How do your parents listen to you?
5. How does your mother cook? 6. How do your grandparents
smile? 7. How do you do your homework? 8. How do you swim?
9. How does your brother run? 10. How do you read? 11. How
does your friend speak English? 12. How do you learn the new
rules? 13. How does your sister play computer games? 14. How
do you behave in class? 15. How do your classmates listen to
the teacher? 16. How do you study?

208
Наречия
Наречияобраза
образадействия
действия(каким
(какимобразом?)
образом?)

6 Напиши о том, какой ты ученик. Вставь необходимые наречия.

Об разец: I can spell the words correctly.


I can read . I can write . I can understand
the new rules . I listen to the teachers ……………… .
I work in class . I behave at school.
I speak English . I am good at Maths. I can calculate
. I am also good at sports. I can run .
I can play volleyball . I study at school.
I am a good pupil.

7 Переведи на английский язык.


1. Я учусь усердно. 2. Моя сестра плохо ведёт себя в школе.
3. Я всегда внимательно слушаю учителя. 4. Мой брат быстро
бегает. 5. Мой папа хорошо играет в теннис. 6. Моя мама
быстро плавает. 7. Мы хорошо говорим по-английски. 8. Я могу
легко сделать это. 9. Она иногда ведёт себя беззаботно.
10. Ребёнок часто громко кричит. 11. Ты легко можешь выучить
эти правила. 12. Она всегда пишет аккуратно. 13. Дети обычно
слушают родителей внимательно. 14. Мой дедушка двигается
медленно. 15. Она обычно говорит очень вежливо. 16. Ты
обычно рано ложишься спать? 17. Я не ложусь спать поздно.
18. Они внимательно делают домашнее задание? 19. Он всегда
пишет неряшливо. 20. Они хорошо говорят по-английски?
21. Она усердно занимается? 22. Они спокойно ведут себя?
23. Иногда он неосторожно ездит на велосипеде. 24. Она
плохо работает в классе. 25. Твоя бабушка хорошо готовит?
26. Он всегда красиво украшает (decorate) ёлку (Christmas
tree). 27. Она красиво поёт. 28. Они танцуют легко и красиво.
29. Собака обычно громко лает. 30. Мой папа всегда водит
машину аккуратно. 31. Мои бабушка и дедушка живут счастливо.
32. Моя бабушка обычно встаёт рано. 33. По воскресеньям мы
встаём поздно. 34. Мой брат медленно делает уроки.

209
Expressing Quantity

37 Expressing Quantity
Êîëè÷åñòâî ïðåäìåòîâ èëè âåùåñòâà

Countable nouns Uncountable nouns


Исчисляемые существительные Неисчисляемые существительные

1. Для точного счёта можно упо- 1. Можно употребить местоимение


требить числительное. some, если количество вещества
неизвестно или неважно.

one cherry two cherries


some water some cheese

some bread some chocolate


one book three books

2. Можно употребить местоимение 2. Количество вещества можно по-


some, если количество предме- считать точно, если назвать его
тов неизвестно или неважно. упаковку или вес и добавить
предлог of.

some cherries a loaf of bread a jar of jam

some books a bottle 2 kilos of meat


of lemonade

210
Количество предметов или вещества

1 Запомни, в чём это можно посчитать.

a cup of coffee a bag of flour a tube a jar of jam


of toothpaste

a bottle of a carton of milk a packet of tea a kilo of meat


lemonade

a bar of chocolate a tin of a piece of cheese a loaf of bread


mushrooms

a carton of a bowl of soup a piece of paper a glass of water


yoghurt

211
Expressing Quantity

2 Рассмотри картинку и напиши, какие продукты есть на кухне


и сколько их. Используй слова в рамках.
Об разе ц: There is a loaf of bread on the cupboard.

cupboard — кухонный шкаф, shelf — полка,


fridge — холодильник, table — стол

loaf piece bag glass


bottle cup tin packet
carton bar jar kilo

tea chocolate water bread


sugar peaches juice honey
cake biscuits milk yoghurt

212
Количество предметов или вещества

A lot of/lots of, a little/a few


Много, немного

Используются как с исчисляемыми, так


и с неисчисляемыми существительными
для выражения значения «много», «боль-
шое количество». Например:
a lot of
Много /
lots of

a lot of / a lot of /
lots of oranges lots of snow

Используется с неисчисляемыми суще-


ствительными для выражения значения
«немного», «небольшое количество».
Например:

a little

a little water a little coffee


Немного
Используется с исчисляемыми суще-
ствительными для выражения значения
«немного», «несколько». Например:

a few

a few pears a few pencils

213
Expressing Quantity

3 Прочитай диалоги и составь свои по образцу.

Об разе ц: — I would like some rice with my chicken.


— How much rice would you like?
— Just a little rice.

some bread some salad some cabbage

some cake some cheese some pizza

Образец: — I would like some beans with my meat.


— How many beans would you like?
— Just a few beans.

some potatoes some peas some tomatoes

some chips some biscuits some sandwiches

214
Количество предметов или вещества

4 Переведи на английский язык.


1. Сходи, пожалуйста, в магазин и купи батон хлеба и пакет
молока. 2. Не хотите ли стакан воды? 3. У нас есть немного
супа. Хочешь тарелку супа? 4. У нас есть торт. Хочешь кусочек
торта? 5. Я купила в магазине три упаковки йогурта, килограмм
мяса и много фруктов. 6. У нас есть овощи? — Да, у нас
много овощей. 7. Я бы выпил чашку кофе и съел несколько
бутербродов. 8. Обычно я ем много сыра и овощей. 9. Для
салата у нас есть банка грибов, немного капусты и моркови.
10. У нас дома много книг. А у тебя много книг? 11. Я пью
много молока и ем много фруктов. 12. Твои дети пьют много
лимонада? 13. Ник ест много варенья и конфет. 14. Лиза ест
много рыбы и мёда. 15. У нас есть несколько яиц и немного
молока. Мы можем сделать омлет. 16. У нас есть немного
минеральной воды. 17. В этом году на улицах много снега.

5 Переведи письменно на английский язык.


1. У меня есть несколько цветных карандашей. Будешь
рисовать? 2. Хочешь шоколада? — Да, спасибо. Я бы съел
немного шоколада. 3. У тебя есть цветная бумага? — Да, есть
немного. 4. Вчера я купила в магазине килограмм яблок, две
плитки шоколада, пачку чая и банку варенья. 5. Ты можешь
купить две пачки печенья и бутылку апельсинового сока? —
У нас много апельсинового сока в холодильнике. 6. Хочешь
чая? — Да, спасибо. Я бы выпил чашку чая и съел немного
печенья. 7. Я бы съел немного риса с мясом. — Сколько мяса
ты хочешь? — Немного. 8. Я бы съела жареной картошки. —
Сколько ты хочешь? — Немного. 9. Хочешь кофе? — Да, я
бы выпила немного кофе и съела кусочек торта. 10. Хочешь
бананов? — Да, спасибо. — Сколько бананов ты хочешь? —
Несколько. 11. У нас есть немного сыра и немного хлеба. Мы
можем сделать несколько бутербродов. 12. Хочешь мороженого?
У меня есть немного в морозильнике. — Нет, спасибо. Я не
люблю мороженое. Я бы съел немного вишнёвого пирога.
13. У тебя много шоколада? Можешь дать мне немного? —
У меня нет шоколада. Но у меня много конфет. Сколько тебе
дать конфет? — Несколько.

215
Zero Article

38 Zero Article
Íóëåâîé àðòèêëü

Нулевой артикль — это отсутствие какого-либо артикля (опреде-


лённого the или неопределённого a/an) перед существительным.

В предложении “Children go to
school” перед словами children и
school нет никакого артикля, т.е.
перед ними употребляется нулевой
артикль.

Мы употребляем нулевой артикль перед существительными, когда


речь идёт о чём-либо в общем и целом и имеется в виду ка-
кое-либо общее понятие. Например:
I like music. Life is impossible without water.
Dogs like meat. Are you interested in sport?

1 Объясни отсутствие артикля перед подчёркнутыми словами.


1. I don’t like rain. 2. I drink tea in the morning. 3. My cat
likes milk. 4. East or West home is best. (Везде хорошо, а
дома лучше.) 5. There is a lot of snow here. 6. People can do
everything. 7. Parents usually worry1 about their children. 8. I like
holidays. 9. My father prefers2 coffee. 10. I’m interested in
computers. 11. Laughter3 is good for health4. 12. My father likes
music.

1
worry [wri] — беспокоиться
2
prefer [prf:] — предпочитать
3
laughter [l:ft] — смех
4
health [hel] — здоровье

216
Нулевой артикль

2 Что тебе нравится, а что не нравится? Напиши по образцу.


Образец: I like cold weather. I don’t like dogs.

sport computer games cartoons rain


tests cold weather flowers snow
fish hot weather ballet horses
tea crossword puzzles music soup
fruit vegetables animals porridge
cinema theatre dogs chocolate

3 Напиши, что тебе интересно, а что неинтересно, о чём ты много


знаешь, о чём не знаешь совсем.
Образец: I’m interested in modern music.
I’m not interested in history.
I know a lot about cars. I don’t
know anything about guinea pigs.
guinea pig

4 Поинтересуйся у друга, что он/она любит, что любят его/её мама


и папа, брат или сестра, дедушка и бабушка. Заполни таблицу.

Образец: Do you like chocolate? Does your mother like


cats? Does your brother like board games? Does
your grandfather like cinema?

his / his / his / her


your his / her his / her
her her sister /
friend grandmother grandfather
mother father brother

likes doesn’t
chocolate like dogs

217
Zero Article

Нулевой артикль употребляется, когда говорят:

р
1) о передвижении на видах транспорта
by car — на машине
by bus — на автобусе
by train — на поезде
by plane — на самолете

2) о видах трапез
have breakfast — завтракать
have lunch — обедать
have tea — пить чай
have dinner — ужинать

3) о названиях дней недели, месяцев и праздников


on Monday / Tuesday / Wednesday / Thursday / Friday /
Saturday / Sunday
in June / September / January / April
at Christmas — на Рождество
on May Day — на Первое мая

4) о месте учебы, работы, о доме, о больнице


be at school — быть в школе (учиться)
go to work — ходить на работу
come home — приходить домой
be in hospital — быть в больнице (лечиться)

5) о названиях видов спорта


My favourite sports are football and tennis.

6) о названии языков и школьных предметов


Many people in the world speak English.
We study Maths, Art and Music at school.

218
Нулевой артикль

5 Соедини название страны с названием языка, на котором в ней


говорят. Напиши по образцу.

Образец: 1. In China people speak Chinese.

11. China [ an] Finnish [fn ]


12. France [fr:ns] German [:mn]
13. England [glnd] Chinese [ ani:z]
14. Germany [:mni] Korean [kri:n]
15. Finland [fnlnd] Spanish [spæn ]
16. Poland [p
lnd] Italian [tæljn]
17. Spain [spen] Japanese [æpni:z]
18. Italy [tli] Polish [p
l ]
19. Sweden [swi:dn] French [fren ]
10. Japan [pæn] English [gl ]
11. Korea [kri:] Swedish [swi:d ]

6 Изучи расписание и напиши, какие уроки у детей в разные дни.

Образец: On Monday children have English, Art, Maths


and P.T.12

Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday

1. English 1. I.T.2 1. Handicrafts 1. Literature 1. P.T.


2. Art 2. Russian 2. Maths 2. Russian 2. Science
3. Maths 3. Literature 3. P.T. 3. Maths 3. Maths
4. P.T.1 4. Science 4. Music 4. English 4. Russian

1
P.T. — Physical Training — физкультура
2
I.T. — Information Technology — информатика

219
Zero Article

7 Вставь в пропуски артикль, если необходимо.

1. My favourite sport is tennis. 2. What do you usu-


ally have for lunch? 3. My birthday is in
August. 4. Usually we go to the country on May
Day. 5. How do your parents go to work — by
bus or by car? 6. When does your moth-
er usually come home after work? 7. What
do you usually do on New Year’s Day? 8. I don’t
go to school on Saturdays. 9. Do you
do your homework before or after dinner? 10. We
don’t have Maths on Monday. 11. Do you
have Art or Music on Friday?
12. My father likes football and ice hock-
ey. 13. He was at home yesterday all day long.
14. Are the children at school? 15. Do you play
basketball? 16. I’m very much interested in
history. 17. people can’t live without wa-
ter. 18. In Russia, children go to school
from the age of seven (с семи лет). 19. All cats like
milk. 20. My brother likes tea, but I prefer [prf:]
(предпочитаю) lemonade. 21. dogs are very
good friends. 22. apples are good for your health.
23. milk is rich in vitamins and
minerals. 24. Do you like vegetables? 25. I really love
cabbage and potatoes. 26. Does your mother
like music? 27. Does your brother like winter
sports? 28. My brother’s favourite sports are basketball
and football. 29. I know a lot about horses.
30. What would you like to have for dinner? 31. I like
cakes very much. 32. When do you come
home after school? 33. tigers are very dan-
gerous. 34. elephants are very big. 35. dino-
saurs [dans:z] died out long ago. 36. birds can fly.
37. lions can run fast. 38. dolphins can
swim fast. 39. cows are domestic animals.
40. They give milk.

220
Нулевой артикль

8 Сравни путешествие на этих видах транспорта с помощью прила-


гательных в рамке.

Образец: Travelling by car is safe. Travelling by bus


is safer.

safe, expensive, dangerous, comfortable, cheap, slow, fast,


exciting, unusual, boring

car bus bicycle

plane train horse

hot-air balloon camel submarine


[ht e blu:n] [sbmri:n]

221
Questions

39 Questions
Âîïðîñèòåëüíîå ïðåäëîæåíèå

В общих вопросах на первом месте всегда стоит глагол: либо


вспомогательный, либо be, have got, либо модальный глагол.

Yes/No Questions
Общий вопрос

Всем смысловым глаголам не- Глаголам be, have got (в простом


обходим вспомогательный глагол настоящем времени) и модальным
для образования вопроса. Вспо- глаголам не нужен вспомогательный
могательный глагол ставится на глагол для образования вопроса. Эти
первое место в вопросительном глаголы сами занимают первое место
предложении. в вопросительном предложении.

1. В простом настоящем времени 1. Вопросы в простом настоящем


(Present Simple) это глагол времени (Present Simple):
do / does: Is he a teacher?
Do you go to school? Are you at home?
Does she play tennis? Have you got a pet?
Does he like music? Has she got time?
Can you come with me?

2. В простом прошедшем времени 2. Вопросы в простом прошедшем


(Past Simple) это глагол did: времени (Past Simple):

Did you travel to Spain last year? Was he at the theatre yesterday?
Did you have a bike when you Were you at home all day long?
were three years old? Could you read when you were 5?

3. В простом будущем времени (Future Simple) вспомогательным глаголом


является will:
Will you go to the country next summer?
Will you be at school tomorrow?
См. с. 4 об использовании will для образования Future Simple.

222
Вопросительное предложение

Wh-Questions
Специальный вопрос

В специальных вопросах на первом месте всегда стоит вопро-


сительное слово: who, what, where, when, why, how, which, how
much, how often.

who — кого, кому which — который из


what — что, какой how — как
where — где how much / how many — сколько
when — когда how often — как часто
why — почему how far — как далеко
whose — чей how long — как долго

Далее вопрос строится так же, как общий вопрос.


Who did you see? What do you do after school? Where were you yesterday?
When did he come home? Why are you here today? How could you do it?
Which colour do you like? How much money have you got? How many
books did you buy? How often do you go to the swimming pool? How far
is it from here?

1 Употреби глаголы be и have got в нужной форме.

1. Are you sometimes angry with your friend? 2. Have


you got many books at home? 3. he a friend-
ly person? 4. your room usually tidy? 5.
your parents always busy? 6. your sister shy?
7. your handwriting always neat? 8. your
grandmother often bored? 9. you kind? 10.
you polite to people? 11. your brother many
friends? 12. you a bicycle? 13.
your mother a hobby? 14. you
a computer? 15. your little sister a favourite
toy? 16. your uncle a car? 17.
you a dog? 18. your parents
a country house?

223
Questions

2 Где живут и что едят эти животные? Используй слова в рамке.


Задай вопросы по образцу.

Об разе ц: Do penguins live in Antarctica?


Do penguins eat fish?
Europe [j
rp] — Европа Australia [strel] — Австралия
Asia [e ] — Азия Africa [æfrk] — Африка
North America [n: merk] — Северная Америка
South America [sa
 merk] — Южная Америка

penguin tiger cat giraffe

elephant lion frog camel

fox hare bear wolf

224
Вопросительное предложение

3 Задай общие вопросы своему другу, чтобы узнать о нём больше.


Используй слова в рамке.
Об разе ц: Do you read books?

read books, play computer games, watch television,


play the piano, go to the swimming pool, play football / tennis, help
the parents about the house, have got a hobby,
like to go to the zoo / circus, like to watch cartoons,
go to the country / to the seaside in summer, walk the dog,
often go to the cinema, play with the friends in the playground,
like cooking / gardening, like ice cream / lemonade,
ride a bicycle, listen to music, like Maths lessons,
read magazines, solve puzzles

4 Задай уточняющие специальные вопросы (wh-questions) к вопро-


сам, составленным тобой при выполнении упражнения 3.
Об разе ц: Do you read books?
How many books a month do you read?

5 Расспроси своего друга о его маме: распорядке дня, привычках.


Используй слова в рамке. Задавай общие и специальные вопросы.
Образе ц: When does your mother get up? Does she go
to work? Can she drive a car?

get up, have breakfast, go to work, cook dinner, go to bed, like


pets, have got a hobby, go to the swimming pool, watch television,
play the guitar, ride a bicycle, have got a car, play tennis, have
got a country house, drive a car, read books, go to the cinema,
cry during sad films, laugh a lot, tidy the rooms, clean
the windows, wash the dishes, dance, sing, like chocolate,
eat a lot of fruit, drink coffee, make cakes

225
Questions

6 Прочитай ответы на вопросы. Какие были вопросы? Напиши.


Хлоя ходила на день рождения к Джеймсу. Её подруга Анна
там не была. Она задаёт Хлое вопросы.

1. — Who did you go with?


— I went with Zoe and Simon.
2.
— The party was at the café.
3.
— The party started at 5 o’clock.
4.
— It finished at 9 o’clock.
5.
— We had tea with cakes and fruit.
6.
— James invited eight boys and five girls.
7.
— James danced with Zoe.
8.
— I wore my new yellow dress.
9.
— We drank juice and lemonade.
10.
— We played a lot of party games.
11.
— I gave James a book about dogs as a present.

226
Вопросительное предложение

7 Расспроси своего друга о планах на лето. Используй вопросы


с will.
Образе ц: Will you stay at home in summer?

1. go to the country 2. go to the seaside 3. go to the summer camp

4. swim in the river 5. play football 6. have a picnic

7. pick mushrooms 8. go fishing 9. go sunbathing

10. go roller-skating 11. ride a bicycle 12. build a tree house

227
Questions

8 Прочитай о египетских пирамидах и задай подходящий вопрос к


каждому предложению.

Образе ц: What did Ancient Egyptians believe in?


Egyptian Pyramids
Ancient Egyptians believed in afterlife1. That is why they built pyra-
mids — houses for their dead kings — pharaohs2. These pyramids
were very big. People put food, clothes, weapons, beds, chairs
and tables into the pyramids. They also prepared the bodies of
the dead pharaohs in a special way. We call these specially pre-
pared bodies mummies3.
The largest and most famous pyramids stand near the Nile River,
at Giza.

The pyramid of Cheops [ki:ps] is the oldest and tallest pyramid


in the world. It is one of the seven wonders of the world.
Pharaoh Cheops ruled 5,000 years ago. He was very rich. He had
lots of gold, precious4 stones, beautiful furniture and clothes. He
began to build his pyramid when he became pharaoh.
More than 100,000 people took part in the construction. It took
them more than 20 years to complete the work. Many of them
died because the work was very hard.
Near the pyramid of Cheops you can see the famous Sphinx. Sphinx
has got the body of a lion and the head of a man. It is the larg-
est statue in the world. It is 20 metres high and 73 metres long.

1
afterlife [:ftlaf] — загробная жизнь
2
pharaoh [fer
] — фараон
3
mummy [mmi] — мумия
4
precious [pre s] — драгоценный

228
Вопросительное предложение

9 Спроси у одноклассников, что они умели делать, когда им было


пять лет.
Об разец: Could you ride a bicycle when you were five?

1. ride a bicycle 2. swim 3. roller-skate 4. write

5. read 6. play the piano 7. speak English 8. ski

10 Переведи письменно на английский язык.


1. Твоя мама учительница? 2. Твой папа врач? 3. Ты ходишь
в школу? 4. В котором часу ты встаёшь? 5. Что ты ешь
на завтрак? 5. В котором часу начинаются уроки в школе?
6. Ты обедаешь в школе? 7. Твой друг занимается спортом?
8. Ты ходишь в бассейн? 9. В какие дни ты ходишь
в бассейн? 10. Твой папа играет в футбол? 11. Ты ездил к
морю прошлым летом? 12. Куда ты ездил на зимние каникулы?
13. Ты поедешь в летний лагерь следующим летом? 14. Ты
был(а) вчера в школе? 15. Какие отметки ты получил(а)?
16. Ты любишь школу? 17. Какие предметы в школе твои
любимые? 18. Ты умеешь танцевать? 19. Ты умел(а) кататься
на велосипеде в 5 лет? 20. У тебя есть компьютер? 21. Ты
любишь играть в компьютерные игры? 22. У тебя дома много
книг? 23. Ты вчера читал(а) эту книгу? 24. Твой друг любит
ходить в кино? 25. Твой друг ходил вчера в кино? 26. Твой
друг пойдёт с тобой завтра в цирк? 27. Твои одноклассники
хорошие друзья? 28. Твоя учительница добрая? 29. У тебя есть
домашнее животное? 30. Как его зовут?

229
Subject Questions

40 Subject Questions
Âîïðîñ ê ïîäëåæàùåìó

1. Подлежащее — главный член предложения, который обознача-


ет того, кто совершает действие, и отвечает на вопрос «кто?»
(who?) или «что?» (what?).

My sister has got long hair.

The elephant is the biggest animal on land.

2. Когда мы задаём вопрос о том, кто или что выполняет дей-


ствие, мы ставим вопрос к подлежащему.
3. Вопрос к подлежащему начинается со слов who или what, да-
лее следует глагол в форме 3-го лица единственного чис-
ла. В простом настоящем (Present Simple) и простом прошед-
шем времени (Past Simple) вспомогательный глагол do / did
для образования вопроса к подлежащему не используется.

We all help around the house. → Who helps around the house?
Mum usually cooks meals. → Who cooks meals?
Dad cleans the windows. → Who cleans the windows?
My elder sister washes the dishes. → Who washes the dishes?
My younger brother waters the flowers. → Who waters the flowers?
I usually walk the dog twice a day. → Who walks the dog?

230
Вопрос к подлежащему

Mum bought a new dress yesterday.

Who bought a new dress?


Our dog stepped on it.

Who stepped on the dress?


The dress became dirty.

What became dirty?

My sister washed and ironed the


dress.

Who washed and ironed the dress?

4. С глаголами be, have/has got, модальными глаголами никогда


не используется вспомогательный глагол для образования вопроса.
Who has got long hair?
What is the biggest animal on land?
Who can help me?

5. Ответы на вопросы к подлежащему обычно даются в краткой


форме. На первом месте стоит подлежащее (существительное или
местоимение), на втором — сказуемое, выраженное вспомогатель-
ным глаголом, или глаголами be, have/has got, или модальным
глаголом.
Who cleans the windows? — My dad does.
What is the biggest country in the world? — Russia is.
Who can do it? — We can.

231
Subject Questions

1 Ответь на вопросы по образцу.


1. What is the longest river in the world? — The Amazon is.
2. What is the largest ocean on Earth? 3. What is the tallest
pyramid in the world? 4. What is the highest mountain on Earth?
5. What is the smallest continent in the world? 6. What is the
deepest lake on Earth? 7. What is the coldest continent on Earth?
8. What is the biggest desert in the world?

2 Ответь на вопросы по образцу.

Об разе ц: — Who has got a lot of presents?


— Sally has.

1. Who has got long hair? 2. Who has got short hair? 3. Who
has got a dog? 4. Who has got a camera? 5. Who has got a
rabbit? 6. Who has got a toy railway? 7. Who has got a bike?
8. Who has got a doll’s house? 9. Who has got roller skates?

Sally Nick

3 Ответь на вопросы по образцу.


1. Who writes tests every week? — The schoolchildren do.
2. Who rides a bike at the weekend? — My brother does.
3. Who fell ill last Sunday? — My mum did. 4. Who goes to
the swimming pool every weekend? 5. Who goes to work every
day? 6. Who went to the seaside last summer? 7. Who plays
tennis every Sunday? 8. Who played with friends last weekend?
9. Who watched cartoons yesterday? 10. Who travelled around
Russia during the holidays?

232
Вопрос к подлежащему

4 Задай вопросы к подлежащему, как показано в образце.


1. Dad drinks coffee in the morning. — Who drinks coffee in
the morning?
2. Grandpa walks in the park every day. 3. I tidy my room once a
week. 4. My sister gets only good marks at school. 5. Mum goes
to work by bus. 6. Granny makes pies every Sunday. 7. I go to
the swimming pool on Tuesday and Friday. 8. My friend likes foot-
ball. 9. Our music teacher sings beautifully. 10. My brother plays
the guitar. 11. My aunt works in the office from 9 to 6. 12. My
uncle travels around the world.

5 Задай вопросы, ответом на которые являются выделенные слова.


1. Sarah pays the piano. — Who plays the piano?
2. My sister goes to the seaside every summer. 3. Dad usual-
ly repairs his car at the garage1. 4. My brother likes to cook.
5. My friend reads a lot of books. 6. I usually swim in the river
in summer. 7. Grandad usually watch television in the evening.
8. Mum goes to the cinema every weekend. 9. Granny writes
letters to her friend every week. 10. My uncle lives in London.
11. I do my homework after lunch.

6 Задай вопросы к выделенным словам, начинающиеся с who или


what.
Something happened to me yesterday. — What happened
yesterday?
(1) We rode in the car. (2) The weather was bad. (3) I saw a
cat in the road. Then (4) the car in front of us stopped suddenly.
(5) It made a loud noise. (6) Someone phoned the police. I think
(7) the cat caused2 the accident3. I hope (8) nothing happened
to the cat.

1
garage [gær:] — мастерская
2
cause [k:z] — быть причиной
3
accident [æksdnt] — авария

233
Tag Questions

41 Tag Questions

Ðàçäåëèòåëüíûé âîïðîñ

Когда мы не уверены в том, что говорим, и хотим получить под-


тверждение своему высказыванию, мы используем разделитель-
ный вопрос.
Разделительный вопрос состоит из двух частей: из высказывания
и вопроса к нему. Вопрос к высказыванию, который отделён от
него запятой, и носит название tag — хвостик.
1. Если высказывание утвердительное, то вопрос в конце имеет
отрицательную форму.

The present is nice, isn’t it?


You were in the country last weekend, weren’t you?
You always have breakfast at 8 o’clock, don’t you?
2. Если высказывание отрицательное, то вопрос в конце имеет
утвердительную форму.
Tim doesn’t eat oranges, does he?
He is never late to school, is he?
They didn’t go to the park yesterday, did they?
3. Если в высказывании употреблены глаголы be, do, have/has
got, can, must, эти же глаголы повторяются в конце вопроса,
причём в том же времени, в котором они стоят в основном
высказывании.
You can’t speak French, can you?
He has got a mobile phone, hasn’t he?
He could read when he was 5 years old, couldn’t he?
You didn’t do it, did you?
4. Если в высказывании употреблены смысловые глаголы, в во-
просе используется вспомогательный глагол do в том же вре-
мени, что и смысловой глагол в высказывании.
She always walks to school, doesn’t she?
You didn’t go to the party, did you?

234
Разделительный вопрос

5. Разделительные вопросы всегда заканчиваются местоимениями


I, you, he, she, it, we, they, которые соответствуют подлежа-
щему в высказывании.
The Tretyakov Gallery is in Moscow, isn’t it?

1 Составь вопросы для викторины о России.


1. The Hermitage is in Saint Petersburg, isn’t it?
2. Russia is the largest country in the world, ? 3. The
1
Ural Mountains divide Russia into two parts, ? 4. There
are more people in Moscow than in any other city of Russia,
? 5. The Kremlin is in Moscow, ? 6. About
140 million people live in Russia, ? 7. Russia is a coun-
try with a long history, ? 8. Ostankino Television Tower
is the highest building in Moscow, ? 9. The territory
of Russia makes up one-sixth of the world’s land, ?
10. Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world, ?
11. The Volga flows into the Caspian Sea, ? 12. People
of 100 nationalities live in Russia, ? 13. They can learn
their national languages at school, ? 14. The bear is
the symbol of Russia, ?

2 Составь вопросы для викторины о странах мира.


1. The population of China is over one billion people, ?
2. Most people in Canada can speak two languages, ?
3. London is the capital of Great Britain, ? 4. About
500 million people live in Europe, ? 5. There are five
oceans in the world, ? 6. There are about 175 countries
in the world, ? 7. More than 7 billion people live on
Earth, ? 8. The Eiffel Tower stands in Paris, ?
9. London Underground is the oldest in the world, ?
10. People call Europe the Old World (Старый свет), ?
11. People call America the New World (Новый свет), ?
12. The Houses of Parliament aren’t as old as the Tower of Lon-
don, ? 13. Germany and France are the leading Euro-
pean countries, ?
1
divide [dvad] — разделять

235
Tag Questions

3 Соедини соответствующие части разделительного вопроса.

Образе ц: It was Sunday yesterday, wasn’t it?

11. It was Sunday yesterday, a. didn’t we?


12. The weather wasn’t bad, b. wasn’t it?
13. We went to the country, c. did he?
14. We had a picnic in the garden, d. did it?
15. The day was wonderful, e. didn’t we?
16. We were happy, f. didn’t it?
17. We had a lot of fun, g. wasn’t it?
18. It rained a little, h. didn’t he?
19. The rain didn’t spoil the picnic, i. didn’t we?
10. Spot chased1 the neighbour’s cat, j. was it?
11. He didn’t bark at the cat, k. weren’t we?

4 Составь список правил поведения в школе. Используй глагол must


и разделительный вопрос.

Образе ц: We must behave properly at school, mustn’t


we?
We mustn’t fight, must we?

listen to the teacher attentively, write in the exercise books


neatly, work well in class, spell words correctly, study hard at the
lessons, learn new rules quickly, work in class carelessly, behave
badly, shout loudly, run in the classroom, write in the exercise
books untidily, use mobile phones, write on the desks, sit quietly,
look out of the window, stand on the chairs, speak English during
the English lessons

1
chase [ es] — гоняться за кем-либо

236
Разделительный вопрос

5 Опиши этих животных. Покажи, что ты не всегда уверен в том,


что говоришь, используя разделительные вопросы.
The tiger is the largest cat in the
world, isn’t it? It can run fast, can’t
it? It can’t eat grass and berries,
can it? It lives in Asia, doesn’t it?
The pattern of stripes of each tiger
is unique, isn’t it?

the Nile crocodile, live in Africa,


be dangerous, eat fish and meat, can
attack people, be the largest in Africa,
eat leaves and grass

the big panda, live in China, be the


national symbol of China, eat bamboo,
can climb trees, eat meat, be quiet
and peaceful, attack people

the blue whale, the biggest animal in


the world, can weigh 150 tonnes, can
grow 30 metres long, must come to
the surface [s:fs] (поверхность) every
15 minutes, can blow water into the
air, eat meat

the dolphin, the most intelligent animal


in the world, cannot stop for a minute,
can swim and sleep at the same time,
can communicate with people, can help
people in storms, baby dolphins drink
milk, attack people

237
Tag Questions

42 Have to for necessity


Ìîäàëüíûé ãëàãîë have to
äëÿ âûðàæåíèÿ íåîáõîäèìîñòè
ñîâåðøåíèÿ äåéñòâèÿ

1. Have to + V (основная форма глагола) используется для того,


чтобы сказать, что кому-либо необходимо что-то сделать. Обычно
эта необходимость вызвана внешними обстоятельствами, т.е. челове-
ку приходится делать что-либо.

Affirmative Negative
Утвердительная форма Отрицательная форма

I have to go I do not (don’t) have to go


you have to study you do not (don’t) have to study
he has to wait he does not (doesn’t) have to wait
she has to read she does not (doesn’t) have to read
it has to work it does not (doesn’t) have to work
we have to stop we do not (don’t) have to stop
you have to get up you do not (don’t) have to get up
they have to answer they do not (don’t) have to answer

Questions / Вопрос Short answers / Краткие ответы

Do I have to go? Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.


Do you have to study? Yes, you do. / No, you don’t.
Does he have to wait? Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t.
Does she have to read? Yes, she does. / No, she doesn’t.
Does it have to work? Yes, it does. / No, it doesn’t.
Do we have to stop? Yes, we do. / No, we don’t.
Do you have to get up? Yes, you do. / No, you don’t.
Do they have to answer? Yes, they do. / No, they don’t.

2. Had to do или didn’t have to do употребляется, чтобы расска-


зать о том, что было необходимо или не было необходимо де-
лать в прошлом.
3. Will have to do или won’t have to do употребляется, чтобы
рассказать о том, что будет необходимо или не будет необхо-
димо делать в будущем.

238
Модальный глагол have to для выражения необходимости
Модальный
совершения
глагол
действия
have to

1 Что вам необходимо делать в школе? Что вам делать не нужно?


Напиши, используя have to / don’t have to + основная форма
смыслового глагола.
Образе ц: We have to learn new rules.
We don’t have to clean the classroom.

learn poems by heart, read newspapers, sing songs, write tests, use
dictionaries, do projects, answer the teacher’s questions, listen to the
teacher, play basketball, translate texts from English into Russian, go
shopping, do our homework, read textbooks, write letters, translate
sentences from Russian into English, be quiet in the lessons, water
the flowers, feed the pets, study hard, clean the blackboard, wear
school uniform, take exams, wash up the dishes, clean the windows

2 Напиши, что тебе, твоим родителям, брату или сестре приходится


делать каждый день.

Образе ц: I have to get up at 7 o’clock every day. My


parents have to get up at six thirty. My sister
has to get up at half past seven.

cook breakfast wash the car clean the room do homework

go to work go to bed at 10 walk the dog go to school


o’clock

239
Have to for necessity

3 Спроси у своего друга / подруги, что ему / ей приходится делать по


дому.
Об разе ц: Do you have to water the flowers?

tidy your room, clean the bird’s cage, clean the windows,
wash the floor in the kitchen, go shopping, help your sister / brother
with the homework, feed the cat, give the dog a bath, throw out
the litter, dust the furniture, vacuum the rooms,
wash up, make the bed, walk the dog twice a day

4 Соедини предложения в колонках по образцу.


Об разе ц: 1. The weather is dry.
a. I have to water the flowers in the garden.

11. The weather is dry. a. I have to water the flowers


in the garden.

12. Dad is ill. b. I have to go to the dentist.

13. My tooth aches. c. She has to wash the car.

14. School starts at 8.30. d. He has to take medicine.

15. Mum’s car is dirty. e. My parents don’t have to


go to work.

16. There are no buses. f. Schoolchildren have to get


up at 7.30.

17. It is Sunday. g. We have to walk to school.

18. Granny doesn’t work. h. I have to study hard to


get a good mark.

19. Grandpa doesn’t feel well. i. She doesn’t have to get up


early.

10. We have a Maths test tomorrow. j. I have to go home.

11. It’s late. k. He has to go to the doctor.

240
Модальный глагол have to для выражения необходимости
Модальный
совершения
глагол
действия
have to

5 Вставь в пропуски have / has to, don’t / doesn’t have to.


11. You don’t have to do your homework right now. You can
do it later.
12. It’s Sunday. Amanda get up early today.
ay.
13. There are no buses. We walk home.
14. I don’t see well. I wear glasses.
15. They have a test tomorrow. They study hard today.
16. Nick walk his dog twice a day.
17. The window is dirty. You clean it.
18. There is a lot of food in the fridge. We cook.
19. The weather is rainy. I water the flowers in the
garden.
10. The baby is asleep. You be quiet.
11. I don’t feel well. I take medicine.
12. You must get up early tomorrow. You go to bed.
13. Mum can’t take me to school in her car today. I
go by bus.
14. Jim’s music teacher is away on holiday. He go to
the music lesson.
15. Our teacher forgot to give us our homework. We
do it.

6 К тебе обращаются с просьбой. Объясни, почему ты не можешь


помочь.
1. Dad: Can you help me to wash the car?
You: Sorry, I have to study for the test.

2. Mum: Can you take the dog for a walk?


You:

3. Granny: Can you help me to do the shopping?


You:

4. Your friend: Can you help me with the homework?


You:

241
Tag Questions

43 Impersonal it
Áåçëè÷íûå ïðåäëîæåíèÿ ñ it
â êà÷åñòâå ïîäëåæàùåãî

Если нужно описать явление природы, время, дату или расстоя-


ние, в предложении употребляется подлежащее it.

It is cold today.

It was sunny yesterday.

It will be windy tomorrow.

— What time is it?


— It is ten minutes to four.

— What day is it today?


— It is Tuesday, 7th of March.

— Why is he always late for school?


— It is far from his house to the school.

242
Безличные предложения с it в качестве подлежащего

1 Опиши время года и погоду.

Образец: It is spring. It is warm.

hot cold rainy

windy snowy cloudy

2 Вставь в предложения it is или is it.

1. Take an umbrella. rainy today. 2. What day


today? — Saturday. 3. Wednesday today? —
No, Tuesday. 4. hot today. We can go to
the river and have a swim. 5. windy today? — No,
there is no wind. 6. cloudy, it may rain today. 7. Do
you walk to school? — No, far from my house to the
school. Usually I go by bus. 8. far from your house to
the Underground station? — No, not far. I walk there.
9. my birthday today. I am 10. 10. cold
outside?

243
Impersonal it

3. Соедини предложения в колонках по смыслу.


Об разе ц: 1. It is dark in the house.
d. Everybody is in bed.

11. It is dark in the house. a. It is half past four.


12. It is cold in the room. b. There is a lot of snow.
13. It is very late. c. It takes eight hours to get from
14. The weather is not nice today. Moscow to St. Petersburg by
15. It is far from the city to the train.
airport. d. Everybody is in bed.
16. Is it far from the hotel to e. No, it’s five-minute walk.
the beach? f. We must go home.
17. How far is it from Moscow g. It is cloudy and windy.
to St. Petersburg? h. You have to take a taxi.
18. What time is it? i. No, it is not. It is Sunday to-
19. It is often cold here in winter. day.
10. Is it Monday today? j. Close the window, please.

4. Запомни, как нужно называть время.

It is nine o’clock. It is fifteen minutes past one. It is ten minutes to seven.

It is three o’clock. It is half past four. It is half past ten.

244
Безличные предложения с it в качестве подлежащего

5. Посмотри на рисунки и напиши, сколько времени показывают на


ни х часы.

It is twelve o’clock.

6. Переведи на английский язык.


1. Сейчас уже поздно. 2. Который час? 3. Сейчас половина
второго. 4. Сейчас десять минут пятого. 5. Сейчас без
пятнадцати семь. 6. Весна. Тепло. 7. Зима. Холодно. 8. Осень.
Дождливо. 9. Лето. Жарко. 10. Далеко от твоего дома до
бассейна? 11. Какой сегодня день недели? 12. Сегодня пятница.
Завтра суббота. 13. Сегодня мой день рождения. Мне 11 лет.
14. В комнате жарко. Открой, пожалуйста, окно. 15. Сегодня
облачно. Может пойти дождь. 16. Сегодня ветрено. Надень
пальто. 17. Сегодня солнечно и тепло. 18. Сейчас семь часов
утра. Я должен вставать.

245
Tag Questions

44 Word-building Suffixes
(-er/-or, -tion, -ist, -ful,
-ous, -ly, -teen, -ty, -th)
Ñëîâîîáðàçîâàòåëüíûå ñóôôèêñû

Суффикс — это значимая часть слова, которая находится после корня


и обычно служит для образования новых слов.
С помощью суффиксов можно из слов одной части речи образо-
вать слова другой части речи.

Суффиксы, служащие для образования


существительных (-er/-or, -tion, -ist)
1. С помощью суффиксов -er/-or от глагола действия можно обра-
зовать существительное, обозначающее того, кто производит это
действие. Например:
drive (водить машину) driver (водитель);
act (исполнять роль) actor (актёр).
2. С помощью суффикса -ist можно от существительного, обознача-
ющего предмет, образовать другое существительное, обозначаю-
щее того, кто производит действие с этим предметом. Например:
piano (пианино) pianist (пианист).
3. С помощью суффикса -tion от глагола можно образовать суще-
ствительное с соответствующим значением. Например:
direct (направлять) direction (направление).

1. Образуй и запиши существительные от этих глаголов. Переведи


их на русский язык.
fight begin
ride read
play lead
lose write
catch run
speak swim

246
Словообразовательные
Словообразовательныесуффиксы
суффиксы

2. От каких глаголов были образованы эти существительные? Напи-


ши. Воспользуйся словарём для выполнения задания.
organization — civilization — .
decoration — combination —
transportation — action —
realization — . production —

3. Образуй существительные с помощью суффикса -ist от данных


слов. Найди в словаре значения этих существительных.
commune — . colony — .
capital — . science —
final — . art — .

4. Посмотри на картинки, назови и напиши профессии этих людей.


Напиши также, от каких слов образованы названия профессий.

singer — sing

247
Word-building Suffixes (-er/-or, -tion, -ist, -ful, -ous, -ly, -teen, -ty, -th)

Суффиксы, служащие для образования


прилагательных (-ful, -ous)
С помощью суффиксов -ful, -ous от существительных можно обра-
зовать прилагательные с соответствующим значением. Например:
beauty (красота) beautiful (красивый);
danger (опасность) dangerous (опасный).

5 Определи, от каких слов были образованы эти прилагательные.


Запиши их. Переведи все слова на русский язык.
careful — care, заботливый — забота
frightful —
colourful —
skilful — .
playful —
wonderful —
thoughtful —
useful —
fruitful —
famous —
mysterious —
courageous —
miraculous —

Суффиксы, служащие для образования


наречий (-ly)
С помощью суффикса -ly от прилагательного можно образовать на-
речие образа действия. Например:
loud (громкий) loudly (громко);
easy (простой) easily (просто);
careful (осторожный) carefully (осторожно).

248
Словообразовательные
Словообразовательныесуффиксы
суффиксы

6. Дополни предложения наречиями, образовав их от соответствую-


щих прилагательных в скобках.
1. Mum always drives carefully (careful). 2. Dad plays the guitar
and sings (beautiful). 3. Ann speaks English
(fluent). 4. My grandparents live together quite (hap-
py). 5. My brother always talks (loud). 6. I always do
everything (quick). 7. My little brother behaves
(bad). 8. My sister cooks (bad). 9. Our teacher can
answer any question (easy). 10. The weather is fine
today. The sun shines (bright).

Суффиксы, служащие для образования


числительных (-teen, -ty, -th)
1. Суффиксы -teen, -ty образуют количественные числительные.
Суффикс -teen образует числительные второго десятка:
thirteen (13), fourteen (14), fifteen (15), sixteen (16),
seventeen (17), eighteen (18), nineteen (19).
Суффикс -ty образует названия десятков:
twenty (20), thirty (30), forty (40), fifty (50), sixty (60),
seventy (70), eighty (80), ninety (90).
2. Суффикс -th образует порядковые числительные:
fourth, seventh, thirteenth, fifteenth, twenty-sixth,
ninety-eighth, seventy-ninth.

7. Напиши по-английски словами следующие числительные.


11. четырнадцатый —
12. девятнадцатый —
13. двадцать четвёртый —
14. тридцать восьмой —
15. сорок пятый —
16. пятьдесят девятый —
17. семьдесят шестой —
18. восьмидесятый —

249
Irregular Verbs

Irregular Verbs
Ñïèñîê íåïðàâèëüíûõ ãëàãîëîâ

Past simple Past participle


Base form
Форма Причастие Meaning
Основная
прошедшего прошедшего Значение
форма
времени времени

be was been быть, находиться


become became become становиться
begin began begun начинать(ся)
break broke broken ломать(ся)
bring brought brought приносить
build built built строить
buy bought bought покупать
catch caught caught ловить
choose chose chosen выбирать
come came come приходить
cut cut cut резать
do did done делать
drink drank drunk пить
eat ate eaten есть, кушать
fall fell fallen падать
feel felt felt чувствовать
find found found находить
fly flew flown летать
get got got получать
give gave given давать
go went gone идти
grow grew grown расти, выращивать
have had had иметь
hear heard heard слышать

250
Ñïèñîê íåïðàâèëüíûõ ãëàãîëîâ

Past simple Past participle


Base form
Форма Причастие Meaning
Основная
прошедшего прошедшего Значение
форма
времени времени

hide hid hidden прятать


keep kept kept держать
know knew known знать
lay laid laid класть
leave left left оставлять, покидать
let let let позволять
lose lost lost терять
make made made делать
meet met met встречать
pay paid paid платить
put put put класть
read [ri:d] read [red] read [red] читать
ride rode ridden ехать верхом
run ran run бежать
say said said сказать
see saw seen видеть
sing sang sung петь
sit sat sat сидеть
sleep slept slept спать
speak spoke spoken говорить
spend spent spent проводить (время)
stand stood stood стоять
swim swam swum плавать
take took taken брать
teach taught taught учить
tell told told говорить
think thought thought думать
write wrote written писать
Key

Key
Êëþ÷è

1 Nouns, Adjectives, Article a/an


Существительные, прилагательные,
неопределённый артикль
1. 1. a banana; 2. an apple; 3. a sandwich; 4. an orange; 5. a cake; 6. a hot-
dog; 7. an egg; 8. an ice cream; 9. a peach; 10. a strawberry; 11. a cucumber;
12. a tomato
2. 1. a yellow banana; 2. a red apple; 3. an orange orange; 4. a pink peach;
5. a brown cake; 6. a chocolate ice cream; 7. a white egg; 8. a purple plum
3. 1. a book — a useful book; 2. an apple — a green apple; 3. a cat — a clever
cat; 4. a family — a happy family; 5. an orange — a tasty orange; 6. an el-
ephant — a big elephant; 7. an animal — a domestic animal; 8. an ice cream —
a vanilla ice cream; 9. an egg — a brown egg
5. 1. an umbrella; 2. a uniform; 3. a horse; 4. a hospital; 5. an hour; 6. a house;
7. a head; 8. a hand; 9. a university; 10. an uncle; 11. a unit; 12. a user
6. beautiful — ugly; clever — silly; good — bad; kind — evil; interesting — boring;
small — big; nice — nasty; happy — sad
8. a book — an interesting book; a house — a small house; a dictionary — a use-
ful dictionary; a person — an important person; a teddy bear — an old teddy
bear; an aeroplane — a blue aeroplane
10. 1. a little young grey cat; 2. a clever old brown monkey; 3. a lovely new pink
bag; 4. a nasty fat black rat; 5. a funny small white dog

2 Subject Pronouns
Личные местоимения в роли подлежащего
1. 1. Helen — she; 2. Mike and I — we; 3. Helen and Mike — they; 4. a dog —
it; 5. Mike — he; 6. mum and dad — they; 7. a mouse and a rat — they;
8. a cat — it; 9. a book — it; 10. a pen and a pencil — they; 11. Ben — he;
12. a pen — it; 13. you and Ted — you (вы); 14. classmates — they
2.

I you (ты) he you (ты) you (вы)

252
Ключи

they we it

3. Местоимение you соответствует следующим русским местоимениям: ты, вы.


4. they — они; it — он; it — она; it — оно; he — он; I — я; you — ты; you —
вы; she — она
5. I — я; he — он; they — они; she — она; you — ты; we — мы; it — он, она, оно
6. he — they; I — we; it — they; you — you; she — they
7.
Лицо Единственное Множественное
число число
1-е I (я) we (мы)

2-е you (ты, Вы) you (вы)


3-е he (он) they (они)
she (она)
it (оно)

9. he; she; they; it; they

3 Numbers
Числительные
1. 2. Mike is two. 3. Mum is thirty-seven. 4. Dad is forty-one. 5. Brother Dick is
one. Или: Brother Dick is twelve months. 6. Sister Pam is five. 7. Granny is sixty-
four. 8. Grandpa is seventy-two. 9. Aunt Peggy is forty-six. 10. Uncle Sam is fifty-
three. 11. Cousin Bobby is eight. 12. Cousin Jenny is ten.
3. 3. 4 + 5 = 9 Four and five is nine. 4. 9 — 2 = 7 Nine minus two is seven.
5. 7 + 9 = 16 Seven and nine is sixteen. 6. 10 — 5 = 5 Ten minus five is five.
7. 6 + 2 = 8 Six and two is eight. 8. 17 — 7 = 10 Seventeen minus seven is ten.
9. 11 + 8 = 19 Eleven and eight is nineteen. 10. 19 — 3 = 16 Nineteen minus
three is sixteen. 11. 20 + 30 = 50 Twenty and thirty is fifty. 12. 40 — 10 = 30
Forty minus ten is thirty. 13. 50 + 35 = 85 Fifty and thirty-five is eighty-five.
14. 60 – 24 = 36 Sixty minus twenty-four is thirty-six. 15. 95 – 11 = 84 Ninety-
five minus eleven is eighty-four.
4. 1. 765-13-89 seven six five one three eight nine; 2. 642-11-95 six four two dou-
ble one nine five; 3. 315-34-00 three one five three four double o; 4. 889-03-41
double eight nine o three four one; 5. 149-52-36 one four nine five two three six;
6. 587-23-64 five eight seven two three six four

253
Key

6.

Three o’clock. Six o’clock. Twelve o’clock. Eight o’clock.

One o’clock. Seven o’clock. Four o’clock. Ten o’clock.

Two o’clock. Five o’clock. Nine o’clock. Eleven o’clock.

7. An exercise book — thirteen roubles. A rubber — sixteen roubles. A notebook —


twenty-three roubles. A book — seventy-eight roubles. A ruler — thirty-four roubles.
A pencil — six roubles. A marker — thirty-six roubles. A felt-tip pen — twenty-one
roubles. A pencil case — forty-nine roubles.
8. six exercise books — seventy-eight roubles; four rubbers — sixty-four roubles; three
notebooks — sixty-nine roubles; seven pencils — forty-two roubles; two markers —
seventy-two roubles; four felt-tip pens — eighty-four roubles; two pencil cases —
ninety-eight roubles
9. T W E L V E A T W O
B D L Q E I G H T Z
J C E R Y X L I P K
F I V E M T H R E E
S B E O N V J T V Y
W O N E I H S E X S
Q X R P N C T E G I
F L Y S E V E N U X
V K O T W X N Z Q E
R N F O U R I M B Y

254
Ключи

4 Plural of Nouns
Множественное число имён существительных
1. 1. a toy — toys; 2. a pet — pets; 3. a man — men;
4. a city — cities; 5. a bird — birds; 6. a brush — brushes; 7. a pen — pens;
8. a potato — potatoes; 9. a fox — foxes; 10. a glass — glasses; 11. a child —
children; 12. a goose — geese; 13. a fly — flies; 14. a watch — watches; 15. a
woman — women; 16. a tooth — teeth; 17. a star — stars; 18. a mouse — mice;
19. a tiger — tigers; 20. a tree — trees; 21. a foot — feet; 22. a fish — fish;
23. a class — classes; 24. a sheep — sheep; 25. a boy — boys; 26. a bear —
bears; 27. a dictionary — dictionaries; 28. a deer — deer
2.
-s -es или -ies не по правилам
pets brushes children
birds potatoes geese
pens foxes women
stars glasses teeth
tigers flies mice
trees watches feet
boys classes fish
bears dictionaries sheep
deer
3. grapes; potatoes; bananas; radishes; cherries; cucumbers; watermelons; carrots; ap-
ples; pears; peaches; tomatoes; oranges; lemons; strawberries; plums
4. potatoes [ptet
z]; bananas [bnnz]; radishes [ræd iz]; cherries [t eriz];
cucumbers [kjukmbz]; watermelons [wtmelnz]; carrots [kærts]; apples
[æplz]; pears [pez]; peaches [pit iz]; tomatoes [tmt
z]; oranges [rndiz];
lemons [lemnz]; strawberries [strbriz]; plums [plmz]
5.
[z] [s] [iz]
cities cucumbers pets foxes
birds watermelons carrots glasses
pens apples watches
potatoes pears classes
stars tomatoes radishes
tigers lemons peaches
trees strawberries oranges
boys plums
bears
flies
dictionaries
bananas
cherries
9. At the zoo I can see pandas, elephants, tigers, zebras, kangaroos, bear, foxes,
snakes, lions, hares, butterflies, penguins, parrots, frogs, fish, deer, bugs, croco-
diles, monkeys, and giraffes.
10. In the country I can see dogs, mice, hens, ducks, geese, horses, cows, oxen,
sheep, chickens, cats, bees, pigs, turkeys, cocks and goats.

255
Key

5 Present Simple of be
Глагол be в настоящем простом времени
1. you are; she is; I am; we are; he is; they are; it is
2. 1. I’m Helen. 2. I’m eight. 3. He’s Mike. 4. He’s ten. 5. We’re sister and broth-
er. 6. My father’s name’s Andy. 7. He’s thirty-six. 8. My mother’s name’s Susan.
9. She’s thirty-four. 10. They’re our parents. 11. We’re from Britain. 12. We have
got a pet. It’s a dog. 13. Her name’s Fluffy.
3. 1. He’s ten. 2. He’s Helen’s brother. 3. She’s thirty-four. 4. She’s Mike and Helen’s
mother. 5. He’s Mike and Helen’s father. 6. They’re brother and sister. 7. They’re
from Britain. 8. It’s a beautiful country. 9. We’re friends. 10. We’re from Britain.
11. She’s/It’s a good dog. 12. She’s/It’s five.
4. 1. Ann is his sister. — She’s his sister. 2. Ann is nice. — She’s nice. 3. Andy is
clever. — He’s clever. 4. Ben and I are friends. — We’re friends. 5. Ben is from
America. — He’s from America. 6. America is a big country. — It’s a big country.
7. Peggy and Bill are Ben’s parents. — They’re Ben’s parents. 8. Peggy and Bill
are from Britain. — They’re from Britain. 9. Peggy and Bill are kind. — They’re
kind. 10. Smokey is our pet. — He’s our pet.
5. 1. is; 2. am; 3. am; 4. is; 5. is; 6. is; 7. is; 8. is; 9. are
7. 1. are; 2. am; 3. are; 4. am; 5. is; 6. are; 7. am
8. Hello,
My name is … . I am from Russia. I am (eight/nine/ten). My mother’s name is … .
My father’s name is … . My mother is beautiful. My father is clever. They are kind.
I have got a pet. It is a … . His/Her name is … . He/She is funny and … .
Bye,

9. 1. are; 2. is; 3. is; 4. is; 5. am; 6. is; 7. is; 8. are; 9. am; 10. are
10. 1. am; 2. is; 3. is; 4. are; 5. am; 6. is; 7. are; 8. are; 9. is; 10. is; 11. is; 12. is
11. 2. She isn’t from Britain. 3. It isn’t a small town. 4. She isn’t a bad cat. 5. We
aren’t sisters. 6. They aren’t brother and sister. 7. They aren’t cousins. 8. We aren’t
brothers. 9. They aren’t at home. 10. We aren’t 11. 11. It isn’t a friendly animal.
12. They aren’t brown. 13. They aren’t from Australia. 14. We aren’t at school. 15. He
isn’t a dangerous dog. 16. They aren’t domestic animals. 17. They aren’t wild animals.
12. 1. I am not Jenny. I am Susan. 2. Ken is not my brother. He is my cousin.
3. My sister and I are not 10. We are 12. 4. Peggy is not my sister. She is
my aunt. 5. My mother and father are not from England. They are from Scotland.
6. Snoopy is not a dog. It is a puppy. 7. Blackie is not a cat. It is a kitten.
8. You are not a bad pupil. You are a good pupil. 9. I am not a pupil. I am a
student. 10. You are not at home. 11. Bears are not friendly. They are dangerous.
14. 1. A fox. 2. An elephant. 3. A hare. 4. A frog. 5. A crocodile. 6. A giraffe.
16. 1. She isn’t a secretary. She’s a doctor. 2. I’m not ten. I’m nine. 3. It isn’t from
America. It’s from Africa. 4. They aren’t dogs. They’re puppies. 5. We aren’t from
Australia. We’re from Canada. 6. You aren’t sisters. You’re cousins.
17. 1. I’m not 10, I’m 8. 2. I’m not Katya, I’m Masha. 3. They aren’t brother and
sister, they’re cousins. 4. We aren’t from America. We’re from Australia. 5. He isn’t
a teacher, he’s a pilot. 6. He isn’t 9 years old, he’s 7. 7. She isn’t from Britain,

256
Ключи

she’s from Canada. 8. She isn’t Olya, she’s Dasha. 9. He isn’t a doctor, he’s a
driver. 10. Spot isn’t a puppy. He’s a dog. 11. Alice isn’t a kitten. She’s a cat.
12. The lion isn’t a friendly animal. It’s a dangerous animal.
18. 1. Are they actors? — No, they aren’t. They are pilots. 2. Is she a dancer? —
No, she isn’t. She is a singer. 3. Is he a doctor? — No, he isn’t. He is a me-
chanic. 4. Are they teachers? — No, they aren’t. They are doctors. 5. Are they
pupils? — Yes, they are. They are pupils. 6. Are they drivers? — Yes, they are.
They are drivers. 7. Is he a sailor? — Yes, he is. He is a sailor. 8. Is she a
singer? — No, she isn’t. She is a dancer.
19. Is Tom his father? Is Kate his mother? Is Tim his brother? Is Sarah his aunt? Is
Andy his uncle? Is Bill his grandfather? Is Chloe his grandmother? Is Shirley his
cousin? Is Nick his cousin? Is Kitty his pet?
21.

— Is it a dog? — Is it a parrot? — Is it a tiger?


— No, it isn’t. — No, it isn’t. — No, it isn’t.
— Is it a cat? — Is it an owl? — Is it an elephant?
— Yes, it is. — Yes, it is. — Yes, it is.

— Is it a rabbit? — Are they horses? — Are they women?


— No, it isn’t. — No, they aren’t. — No, they aren’t.
— Is it a mouse? — Are they deer? — Are they men?
— Yes, it is. — Yes, they are. — Yes, they are.

— Are they flies? — Are they hares?


— No, they aren’t. — No, they aren’t.
— Are they butterflies? — Are they foxes?
— Yes, they are. — Yes, they are.

257
Key

6 Possessive Pronouns
Притяжательные местоимения
1. Jenny: Her favourite toy is a doll. Her favourite sport is basketball. Her favourite colour
is pink.
Nick: His favourite food is chocolate ice cream. His favourite toy is a boat. His fa-
vourite sport is football. His favourite colour is green.
Mr Hill: His favourite food is bacon and eggs. His favourite sport is swimming. His
favourite colour is blue.
Mrs Hill: Her favourite food is yoghurt. Her favourite sport is tennis. Her favourite colour
is yellow.
Chip: His favourite food is meat. His favourite toy is a ball.
2. 1. their; 2. her; 3. their; 4. its; 5. their; 6. its; 7. its
3. 1. my; 2. our; 3. our; 4. our; 5. my; 6. my; 7. my; 8. our; 9. my; 10. my
4. 1. This is his cat. 2. This is their dog. 3. This is her parrot. 4. This is their school.
5. This is his car. 6. This is his/her toy. 7. This is her garden. 8. This is their
house. 9. This is her room. 10. These are his bicycles. 11. These are his/her toys.
5. 1. My name is Jill Brown. 2. This is my brother. 3. His name is Robert. 4. His
favourite toy is a teddy bear. 5. Our father is an engineer. 6. Our mother is a
shop assistant. 7. Her favourite colour is red. 8. Her pet is a cat. 9. Its name is
Shirley. 10. Its favourite food is fish. 11. Your house is big. 12. Your dog is clever.
13. Their car is old. 14. Their dog is funny.
6. 2. Jack and his kite. 3. Mrs Green and her baby. 4. Mr Brown and his bicycle.
5. The girls and their dolls. 6. The boys and their trains. 7. My friend and I and
our playground. 8. You and your skateboard. 9. You and your dress. 10. Nick and
his dog. 11. Chloe and her cat. 12. A cat and its ball.

7 Possessive Case
Притяжательный падеж для выражения принадлежности
2. This is Dick’s (форма для выражения принадлежности) favourite kite and that is
(форма глагола be) Dick’s (форма для выражения принадлежности) old bicycle.
This is Dick’s (форма для выражения принадлежности) sister. His sister’s (форма
для выражения принадлежности) name is (форма глагола be) Pam. This is Pam’s
(форма для выражения принадлежности) doll and that is (форма глагола be) Pam’s
(форма для выражения принадлежности) beautiful ball. It is (форма глагола be) in
the tree.
3. 3. the teacher’s (ед. ч.) …; 4. her parents’ (мн. ч.) …; 5. the nurse’s (ед. ч.) …;
6. the bears’ (мн. ч.) …; 7. my brother’s (ед. ч.) …; 8. her sisters’ (мн. ч.) …;
9. the teachers’ (мн. ч.) …; 10. his father’s (ед. ч.) …; 11. men’s (мн. ч.) …;
12. the policeman’s (ед. ч.) …; 13. the doctor’s (ед. ч.) …; 14. the tiger’s (ед. ч.)
…; 15. the grandparents’ (мн. ч.) …; 16. the birds’ (мн. ч.) …; 17. their children’s
(мн. ч.) …; 18. the dog’s (ед. ч.) …
4. 1. This is my brother’s room. 2. This is our aunt’s house. 3. It’s her friend’s kite.
4. This is Harry’s book. 5. It’s their cat’s toy. 6. The teacher’s car is blue. 7. His
mother’s garden is beautiful. 8. My sister’s dog is clever. 9. Your grandfather’s par-
rot is funny. 10. The girl’s doll is big. 11. My mother’s car is new. 12. Our uncle’s
house is big.

258
Ключи

5. 1. Mr Hill is Pam’s grandfather. 2. Mrs Hill is Susan’s grandmother. 3. Mrs Ches-


ter is Susan’s aunt. 4. Mrs Hill is Mrs Brown’s mother. 5. Mr Brown is Pam’s un-
cle. 6. Mrs Brown is Mrs Chester’s sister. 7. Dick is Susan’s cousin. 8. Mr Hill is
Dick’s grandfather. 9. Chip is the children’s pet/dog. 10. Amanda is Pam’s cousin.
11. Dick is Pam’s brother. 12. Mrs Chester is Mrs Hill’s daughter. 13. Mr Brown is
Susan’s father. 14. Dick is Mr Chester’s son.
6. 1. This room is the teachers’ room. 2. This dog is our grandparents’ dog.
3. This skateboard is my children’s skateboard. 4. This bookcase is your parents’
bookcase. 5. This game is the boys’ game. 6. This dress is the women’s dress.
7. This cage is the monkeys’ cage. 8. This garden is their cousins’ garden.
9. This car is our neighbours’ car. 10. This pool is the polar bears’ pool.
7. 3. It’s Jenny’s teddy bear. 4. It’s the boy’s plane. 5. It’s Nick’s train. 6. They’re
the men’s bicycles. 7. They’re the girls’ pencils. 8. It’s the boys’ boat.
8. 1. It’s our dad’s car. 2. They’re the pupils’ books. 3. It’s their cat’s toy.
4. They’re your neighbours’ dogs. 5. It’s my mum’s dress. 6. It’s the teacher’s ta-
ble. 7. They’re the children’s pencils. 8. It’s our grandparents’ garden. 9. They’re
the boys’ skateboards. 10. They’re the tigers’ cages.
9. 2. Whose bike is it? — It’s Kate’s bike. 3. Whose book is it? — It’s Meg’s book.
4. Whose dress is it? — It’s my mother’s dress. 5. Whose computer is it? — It’s
our father’s computer. 6. Whose bag is it? — It’s her brother’s bag. 7. Whose pen
is it? — It’s the girl’s pen. 8. Whose skateboard is it? — It’s the boy’s skateboard.

8 This — that / these — those


Указательные местоимения this — that / these — those
1. 2. Those are your schoolbags there. 3. Those are Jenny’s felt-tip pens there.
4. These are Ben’s books. 5. That is our car in the garage. 6. Those are his ex-
ercise books there. 7. These are her pencils. 8. That is Kate’s ball in the garden.
9. This is my mum’s bag. 10. This is my dad’s watch.
2. 2. This is Meg’s schoolbag and this is her uniform. 3. These are the children’s
books and this is their ball. 4. These are her parents and these are her grandpar-
ents. 5. This is Ted’s kite and this is his teddy bear. 6. These are Jenny’s toys and
this is her toys box. 7. These are Bill’s pens and these are his pencils. 8. This is
my dad’s car and these are his bicycles. 9. These are my mum’s cats and this is
her dog. 10. These are their aunt’s parrots and this is their cage.
3. A

259
Key

This is a table. This is a schoolbag. These are books. This is a dictionary. This is
an atlas. This is a lamp. This is a ruler. These are pens. These are pencils. This
is a rubber. These are exercise books. This is a pencil case. That is a toy car.
That is a ball. That is a toy train set. That is a boat. That is a picture. That is a
window. That is a door.

That is a picnic basket. That is a bottle of water. That is a watermelon. Those are
bananas. Those are apples. Those are oranges. Those are glasses. Those are cher-
ries. That is a cake. Those are tomatoes. That is a book. This is a tree. Those are
trees. Those are clouds.
4. 2. this; 3. those; 4. that; 5. these; 6. these; 7. this; 8. these; 9. those
5. 1. That is a dog. 2. This is a cat. 3. Those are bicycles. 4. That is a plane.
5. These are ice creams. 6. These are cakes. 7. This is a kite. 8. These are ap-
ples. 9. Those are carrots.

9 Have got
Оборот have got в значении иметь
1. 1. have got; 2. has got; 3. has got; 4. has got; 5. have got; 6. have got;
7. have got; 8. has got; 9. has got; 10. has got

2. 1. hasn’t got; 2. haven’t got; 3. haven’t got; 4. hasn’t got; 5. haven’t got;
6. hasn’t got; 7. haven’t got; 8. haven’t got; 9. hasn’t got; 10. hasn’t got

7. Amanda’s got an exercise book, an atlas, a ruler and a pencil. She hasn’t got
a rubber or a calculator. Bill and Nick have got rubbers, calculators and pen-
cils. They haven’t got exercise books, atlases or rulers. Mary and Ben have
got atlases, rulers and rubbers. They haven’t got exercise books, calculators or
pencils. Dick’s got an exercise book, a ruler and a pencil. He hasn’t got an
atlas, a rubber or a calculator.

10. 1. Have you got a computer? 2. Have they got a dog? 3. Has she got a sister?
4. Have we got a television? 5. Has he got a bicycle? 6. Have you got a bicy-
cle? 7. Has the baby got a toy? 8. Has your brother got a camera? 9. Have the
children got a dictionary? 10. Have her grandparents got a garden? 11. Has your
father got a guitar?

260
Ключи

11. 1. Has the man got a guitar? — No, he hasn’t. He has got a piano. 2. Have
they got a television? — Yes, they have. 3. Have the boys got a kite? — Yes,
they have. 4. Has Ann got a schoolbag? — No, she hasn’t. She has got a book.
5. Has she got a bicycle? — Yes, she has. 6. Have they got a fish? — No, they
haven’t. They have got a kitten. 7. Have you got a computer? — No, I haven’t. I
have got a camera. 8. Has Tom got a dog? — Yes, he has. 9. Has the girl got
a camera? — No, she hasn’t. She has got a calculator.
12. Has Nick got a dog? — Yes, he has. Has Nick got a bicycle? — Yes, he has.
Has Nick got a computer? — No, he hasn’t. Has Nick got a calculator? — Yes,
he has. Has Nick got a horse? — No, he hasn’t. Have Ben and Jill got a cam-
era? — Yes, they have. Have Ben and Jill got a dog? — Yes, they have. Have
Ben and Jill got a bicycle? — No, they haven’t. Have Ben and Jill got a com-
puter? — Yes, they have. Have Ben and Jill got a calculator? — No, they haven’t.
Have Ben and Jill got a horse? — Yes, they have.
13. 1. Have you got a computer? — Yes, I have. 2. Have they got a dog? — No,
they haven’t. 3. Has she got a garden? — Yes, she has. 4. Has he got a car? —
No, he hasn’t. 5. Have you got a country house? — No, we haven’t. 6. Has Ann
got a brother? — Yes, she has. 7. Have his parents got a television? — No, they
haven’t. 8. Has Richard got a camera? — Yes, he has. 9. Have we got a tele-
phone? — No, we haven’t. 10. Have I got a calculator? — Yes, I have.

10 Countable and Uncountable Nouns; some and any


Исчисляемые и неисчисляемые существительные;
местоимения some и any
1.
Исчисляемые Неисчисляемые
существительные существительные
pen water
table juice
egg cheese
fish bread
house milk
orange meat
tiger snow
ball sugar
cherry music
potato tea
cat coffee
apple salt
chair paper
tomato rice
wood
2. 1. a banana; 2. some water; 3. some dogs; 4. some snow; 5. a pencil; 6. some
juice; 7. some cherries; 8. some boys; 9. some milk; 10. some balls; 11. some

261
Key

bread; 12. some butter; 13. some sugar; 14. a sandwich; 15. some tea; 16. some
eggs
3. some butter, some bread and some milk, some chocolate, some juice, some lem-
ons, an egg, a sandwich, some apples, a cherry, some tomatoes, a banana, some
peaches, an orange, some carrots
4. (1) a peach, (2) an apple, (3) some cherries, (4) an orange, (5) some grapes, (6)
some strawberries, (7) a pear, (8) a banana, (9) some plums and (10) some juice.
5. 1. I’ve got some bread. 2. They’ve got some cheese. 3. He’s got some milk.
4. She’s got some lemons. 5. We’ve got some juice. 6. You’ve got some meat.
7. I’ve got three apples. 8. She’s got some chocolate. 9. We’ve got six potatoes.
10. He’s got some sugar. 11. Mother has got four oranges. 12. The dog has got
four paws.
6. 1. You haven’t got any bread. 2. We haven’t got any apples. 3. They haven’t got
any cheese. 4. He hasn’t got any fish. 5. I haven’t got any juice. 6. She hasn’t
got any tomatoes. 7. It hasn’t got any meat. 8. You haven’t got any salt. 9. The
children haven’t got any pencils.
7. 1. Have you got any sugar? 2. Has the boy got any felt-tip pens? 3. Have they
got any salt? 4. Has she got any carrots? 5. Have I got any tea? 6. Have we
got any bananas? 7. Has the cat got any milk? 8. Have you got any potatoes?
9. Have they got any chocolate? 10. Have we got any tomatoes? 11. Have I got
any bread? 12. Has the dog got any water?
8. 1. Have you got any apple juice? — No, I haven’t got any apple juice. I’ve got
some orange juice. 2. Have we got any flour for a cherry cake? — No, we
haven’t got any flour. We’ve got some bread. 3. Has he got any cheese for a
sandwich? — No, he hasn’t got any cheese. He’s got some butter. 4. Have they
got any mineral water? — No, they haven’t got any water. They’ve got some milk.
5. Has she got any tea? — No, she hasn’t got any tea. She’s got some coffee.
6. Has the dog got any meat? — No, it hasn’t got any meat. It’s got some por-
ridge. 7. Has the cat got any milk? — No, it hasn’t got any milk. It’s got some
cream. 8. Have I got any sugar? — No, you haven’t got any sugar. You’ve got
some sweets. 9. Have they got any milk for the milkshake? — No, they haven’t
got any milk. They’ve got some strawberries. 10. Have we got any bread? — No,
we haven’t got any bread. We’ve got some cakes.
9. 1. No, we haven’t got any flowers in our classroom. We’ve got some fish.
2. No, Ben hasn’t got any potatoes in the kitchen garden. He’s got some tomatoes.
3. No, they haven’t got any meat in the fridge. They’ve got some cheese. 4. No,
Kate hasn’t got any sandwiches in her lunch box. She’s got some cakes. 5. No,
we haven’t got any sugar at home. We’ve got some sweets. 6. No, he hasn’t got
any bread. He’s got some biscuits. 7. No, she hasn’t got any pies. She’s got
some cakes. 8. No, he hasn’t got any paints. He’s got some coloured pencils.
9. No, they haven’t got any pictures on the walls. They’ve got some photos.
10. 1. Have the children got any schoolbags? — No, they haven’t got any schoolbags.
They’ve got some books. 2. Has the girl got any balls? — No, she hasn’t got any
balls. She’s got some balloons. 3. Has the girl got any teddy bears? — No, she
hasn’t got any teddy bears. She’s got some dolls. 4. Has the woman got any salt
and sweets? — No, she hasn’t got any salt or sweets. She’s got some sugar and
flour. 5. Has the man got any meat and vegetables? — No, he hasn’t got any
meat or vegetables. He’s got some fish and chips. 6. Have the women got any

262
Ключи

tea? — No, they haven’t got any tea. They’ve got some coffee. 7. Has the boy
got any biscuits? — No, he hasn’t got any biscuits. He’s got some pies. 8. Have
the boy and the girl got any butter and cakes? — No, they haven’t got any but-
ter or cakes. They’ve got some bread and cheese. 9. Has the girl got any mineral
water? — No, she hasn’t got any mineral water. She’s got some juice.

11 How much? How many?


Сколько?
1. Some bread, some radishes, an onion, some tomatoes, some flour, some apples,
some meat, some grapes, some tea, some juice, some coffee, some bananas.
2. How much bread has the woman got? How much flour has the woman got? How
many tomatoes has the woman got? How many radishes has the woman got? How
many apples has the woman got? How many bananas has the woman got? How
much coffee has the woman got? How much tea has the woman got? How much
juice has the woman got? How many grapes has the woman got?
3. The woman hasn’t got much bread. The woman has got a lot of flour. The woman
has got a lot of tomatoes. The woman has got a lot of radishes. The woman has
got a lot of apples. The woman hasn’t got many bananas. The woman hasn’t got
much coffee. The woman hasn’t got much tea. The woman hasn’t got much juice.
The woman hasn’t got many grapes.
4. 1. how many; 2. how many; 3. how many; 4. how much; 5. how much; 6. how
much; 7. how many; 8. how many; 9. how many; 10. how much; 11. how many;
12. how many; 13. how many; 14. how much
5. 1. How much milk have we got? — We’ve got a lot of milk. 2. How many apples
have you got? — I haven’t got many apples. 3. How much bread have you got? —
We haven’t got much bread. 4. How many eggs have they got? — They’ve got a
lot of eggs. 5. How much time have I got? — You haven’t got much time. 6. How
much chocolate has he got? — He’s got a lot of chocolate. 7. How many bushes
has she got? — She hasn’t got many bushes, but she’s got a lot of trees. 8. How
much meat has the dog got? — It’s got a lot of meat. 9. How much butter have
we got? — We haven’t got much butter. 10. How many tomatoes have you got? —
We haven’t got many tomatoes, but we’ve got a lot of cucumbers.
6. Ротато soup
How much meat have we got? How much salt have we got? How many carrots
have we got? How many onions have we got? How many tomatoes have we got?
How many potatoes have we got? How much water have we got?
Vegetable salad
How many cucumbers have we got? How many tomatoes have we got? How many
onions have we got? How many redishes have we got? How much oil have we got?
How much salt have we got?
Apple and plum cake
How much butter have we got? How much salt have we got? How many eggs have
we got? How many plums have we got? How many apples have we got? How much
sugar have we got? How much water have we got? How much milk have we got?
How much flour have we got? How much oil have we got?

263
Key

9. How much mineral water have we got? How much meat have we got? How many
oranges have we got? How much tea have we got? How much cheese have we
got? How many potatoes have we got? How much coffee have we got? How much
juice have we got?

12 Present Simple with I, you, we, they


Простое настоящее время с местоимениями
I, you, we, they
4. 1. Kangaroos don’t live in Africa. They live in Australia. 2. Bananas don’t grow in
cold countries. They grow in hot countries. 3. Penguins don’t live in hot coun-
tries. They live in cold countries. 4. Birds don’t fly in the sea. They fly in the sky.
5. Apples don’t grow on bushes. They grow on trees. 6. Fish don’t swim in the sky.
They swim in the sea. 7. Tigers don’t live in Africa. They live in Asia. 8. Lions don’t
live in America. They live in Africa. 9. Dolphins don’t swim in the river. They swim in
the sea. 10. Strawberries don’t grow on trees. They grow on the ground.
5. Five pupils like Maths, and fifteen pupils don’t like Maths. Fourteen pupils like Rus-
sian, and six pupils don’t like Russian. Eleven pupils like Literature, and nine pupils
don’t like Literature. Ten pupils like Science, and ten pupils don’t like Science. Sixteen
pupils like Art, and four pupils don’t like Art. Eighteen pupils like PE, and two pupils
don’t like PE. Twelve pupils like English, and eight pupils don’t like English. Seventeen
pupils like Handicrafts, and three pupils don’t like Handicrafts. Twenty pupils like IT.
6. 1. get up; 2. wash; 3. do; 4. have; 5. go; 6. start; 7. have; 8. go; 9. do; 10. go;
11. read; 12. play; 13. watch; 14. go
8. On Tuesday Ted and Samantha play football. They don’t read books. On Wednesday
Ted and Samantha play with the friends. They don’t watch cartoons. On Thursday
Ted and Samantha go to the cinema. They don’t read comics. On Friday Ted and
Samantha go to the park. They don’t write emails. On Saturday Ted and Samantha
ride their bicycles. They don’t play with the toys. On Sunday Ted and Samantha go
to their friends’ place. They don’t go to the zoo. On Monday Molly and Nick listen
to music. They don’t go to the swimming pool. On Tuesday Molly and Nick read
books. They don’t play football. On Wednesday Molly and Nick watch cartoons. They
don’t play with their friends. On Thursday Molly and Nick read comics. They don’t
go to the cinema. On Friday Molly and Nick write emails. They don’t go to the
park. On Saturday Molly and Nick play with their toys. They don’t ride their bicycles.
On Sunday Molly and Nick go to the zoo. They don’t go to their friends’ place.
11. 1. They work in the office. They don’t work in a hospital. 2. They have tea. They
don’t have coffee. 3. They have lunch at school. They don’t have lunch at home.
4. They go for a walk in the evening. They don’t watch television. 5. They go to
bed at ten. They don’t go to bed at eleven. 6. They like fish. They don’t like
meat. 7. They read books after school. They don’t play computer games. 8. They
play the piano on Sundays. They don’t play the guitar. 9. They go to school. They
don’t go to work. 10. They don’t swim in the swimming pool. They swim in the
sea. 11. They go to the park at weekends. They don’t stay at home.
12. 2. Do cats like fish? 3. Do dogs eat tomatoes? 4. Do elephants live in Australia?
5. Do your friends play the guitar? 6. Do tigers live in Asia? 7. Do the children
like orange juice? 8. Do the pupils read books? 9. Do babies watch television?
10. Do lions sleep in bed? 11. Do your parents play computer games?

264
Ключи

15. Do we go to the theatre? Do we go to the swimming pool? Do we go to the


park? Do we go to the circus? Do we cook dinner? Do we read books? Do we
watch television? Do we walk the dog? Do we play computer games? Do we ride
bicycles? Do we play musical instruments? Do we sing songs? Do we listen to
music? Do we solve puzzles? Do we play with the cat?
17. Do you play football? Do you play volleyball? Do you play basketball? Do you read
books? Do you read comics? Do you read magazines? Do you play the piano? Do
you play the guitar? Do you play the violin? Do you watch television? Do you play
computer games? Do you listen to the radio? Do you go to the theatre? Do you
go to the park? Do you go to the cinema? Do you play hide-and-seek? Do you
play hopscotch? Do you play tag?
18. 2. Yes, they do. 3. No, they don’t. They have breakfast at eight. 4. No, they don’t.
They go to school. 5. Yes, they do. 6. No, they don’t. They have lunch at school.
7. Yes, they do. 8. No, they don’t. They go for a walk. 9. Yes, they do. 10. No,
they don’t. They go to bed at ten o’clock. 11. No, they don’t.
19. Do Bess and Kate like school? — Yes, they do. Do Bess and Kate like their
school uniform? — No, they don’t. Do Bess and Kate like sport? — Yes, they do.
Do Bess and Kate play tennis and go to the swimming pool? — Yes, they do. Do
Bess and Kate play football? — No, they don’t. Do Bess and Kate read books and
magazines? — Yes, they do. Do Bess and Kate read comics? — No, they don’t.
Do Bess and Kate watch cartoons? — Yes, they do. Do Bess and Kate watch
films? — No, they don’t. Do Bess and Kate walk in the park on Sundays? — Yes,
they do. Do Bess and Kate go to the cinema on Sundays? — Yes, they do.

13 Present Simple with he, she, it


Простое настоящее время с местоимениями
he, she, it
1.
s es ies

gets goes carries


plays does dries
runs washes studies
says misses flies
walks watches tries
starts mixes hurries
sees catches
makes kisses
likes
reads
writes
stays

265
Key

3. 1. gets up; 2. doesn’t get up; 3. doesn’t go; 4. has; 5. eats; 6. drinks; 7. doesn’t
like; 8. walks; 9. doesn’t want; 10. starts; 11. has; 12. leaves; 13. doesn’t stay;
14. goes; 15. has; 16. does
4. Pam likes sweets, tomatoes, milk and orange juice, but she doesn’t like peach-
es, meat or bones. Spot likes sweets, milk, meat and bones, but he doesn’t like
peaches, tomatoes or orange juice.
5. Nick does his homework every day, he doesn’t play computer games every day.
Nick goes to school every day, he doesn’t watch cartoons every day. Nick eats
apples or oranges every day, he doesn’t eat pizza every day. Nick has breakfast
every day, he doesn’t tidy his room every day. Nick brushes his teeth every day,
he doesn’t ride his bicycle every day. Nick reads books every day, he doesn’t lis-
ten to music every day. Nick washes the dishes every day, he doesn’t swim in the
swimming pool every day.
6. On Tuesday Amanda draws pictures. Roger doesn’t draw. He swims in the swim-
ming pool. On Wednesday Roger listens to music. Amanda doesn’t listen to music.
She sings songs. On Thursday Amanda plays with her doll. Roger doesn’t play with
dolls. He rides his bicycle. On Friday Roger plays computer games. Amanda doesn’t
play computer games. She solves puzzles. On Saturday Amanda goes to the theatre.
Roger doesn’t go to the theatre. He goes to the cinema. On Sunday Roger plays
with his friends. Amanda doesn’t play with the friends. She watches cartoons.
7. 1. gets up; 2. cooks; 3. washes; 4. doesn’t work; 5. goes; 6. carries; 7. cleans;
8. cooks; 9. comes; 10. has; 11. reads; 12. watches; 13. doesn’t help
8. 1. He gets up at seven o’clock, has breakfast and goes to school. 2. She washes
her face and cleans her teeth. Usually she doesn’t do exercise. 3. Mother cooks
dinner, and I wash the dishes. 4. Father works in a hospital. He leaves home at
eight o’clock. 5. Father walks to the hospital. He doesn’t go by bus. 6. Mother
doesn’t work, she is a housewife. 7. Nick comes home at three o’clock and does
his homework. 8. Mother goes shopping and cooks dinner. She doesn’t walk the
dog. 9. Pam watches cartoons and goes to bed. She doesn’t read in bed. 10. On
Sunday Nick goes to the park and plays with his friends.
9. 2. No, she doesn’t. She gets up later. 3. No, she doesn’t. 4. Yes, he does.
5. No, he doesn’t. 6. Yes, he does. 7. No, he doesn’t. 8. Yes, he does. 9. No,
it doesn’t. School starts at nine. 10. No, he doesn’t. Usually he has five lessons.
11. Yes, he does.
10. 2. Does Fluffy like milk? 3. Does Nick go to the swimming pool? 4. Does Spot
like meat? 5. Does your mother drive a car? 6. Does your brother ride a bicy-
cle? 7. Does Mr Brown watch television? 8. Does Mrs Brown like classic music? 9.
Does Emma play the piano? 10. Does the horse eat grass?
11. Does Jenny like orange juice? — Yes, she does. Does Jenny like peaches? — No,
she doesn’t. Does Jenny like cucumbers? — No, she doesn’t. Does Jenny like to-
matoes? — No, she doesn’t. Does Jenny like potatoes? — Yes, she does. Does
Jenny like tea? — No, she doesn’t. Does Jenny like mineral water? — Yes, she
does. Does Jenny like porridge? — Yes, she does. Does Jenny like chocolate? —
No, she doesn’t. Does Mike like peaches? — Yes, he does. Does Mike like cu-
cumbers? — Yes, he does. Does Mike like tomatoes? — Yes, he does. Does Mike
like potatoes? — No, he doesn’t. Does Mike like tea? — Yes, he does. Does Mike
like mineral water? — No, he doesn’t. Does Mike like porridge? — No, he doesn’t.
Does Mike like chocolate? — Yes, he does.

266
Ключи

14. Does he/she play tennis? Does he/she ride a bicycle? Does he/she play computer
games? Does he/she go to the zoo? Does he/she read comics? Does he/she lis-
ten to music? Does he/she play the guitar? Does he/she swim in the swimming
pool? Does he/she write emails? Does he/she write poems? Does he/she watch
television? Does he/she play hopscotch? Does he/she play tag? Does he/she cook
dinner? Does he/she read books? Does he/she go to the circus?
15. Does Red Riding Hood go to visit her grandmother? Does her mother give her
any cakes? Does the girl put the food into the basket? Does Red Riding Hood go
through the forest? Does she meet a fox in the forest? Does the Wolf want to eat
the girl? Does he decide to eat the girl’s grandmother? Does the Wolf pretend that
he is Red Riding Hood’s grandmother? Does Red Riding Hood come to the house
and see the Wolf in her grandmother’s bed? Does the Wolf eat up poor Red Rid-
ing Hood? Do the hunters kill the Wolf and save Red Riding Hood and her grand-
mother?
16. Does Red Riding Hood carry any cakes in her basket? — Yes, she does. Does
Red Riding Hood carry any water in her basket? — No, she doesn’t. Does Red
Riding Hood carry any cherries in her basket? — No, she doesn’t. Does Red Rid-
ing Hood carry any apples in her basket? — No, she doesn’t. Does Red Riding
Hood carry any milk in her basket? — Yes, she does. Does Red Riding Hood carry
any tomatoes in her basket? — No, she doesn’t. Does Red Riding Hood carry any
bread in her basket? — No, she doesn’t. Does Red Riding Hood carry any cheese
in her basket? — Yes, she does. Does Red Riding Hood carry any chocolate in
her basket? — No, she doesn’t. Does Red Riding Hood carry any butter in her
basket? — Yes, she does. Does Red Riding Hood carry any tea in her basket? —
No, she doesn’t. Does Red Riding Hood carry any peaches in her basket? — No,
she doesn’t. Does Red Riding Hood carry any biscuits in her basket? — No, she
doesn't. Does Red Riding Hood carry any bananas in her basket? — No, she
doesn’t. Does Red Riding Hood carry any juice in her basket? — No, she doesn’t.
Does Red Riding Hood carry any honey in her basket? — No, she doesn’t.

14 Questions with who, what, when, where, why


Специальные вопросы
1. 1. What do you play? 2. When do you play? 3. Where do you play? 4. Who do
you play with? 5. What time does the game start? 6. When does the game finish?
7. Why do you like it?
3. 2. What time; 3. Where; 4. What; 5. What time; 6. Where; 7. What time; 8. Where;
9. Who; 10. Where; 11. When; 12. What; 13. What; 14. Where; 15. What; 16. Who;
17. Where; 18. Why; 19. Why
4. 2. When does he/she watch television? 3. When does he/she have dinner? 4. What
time does he/she have a piano lesson on Tuesday? 5. What does he/she like to
eat? 6. What time does he/she take his/her brother to school? 7. Who does he/
she play board games with? 8. When does he/she watch cartoons on television?
9. What does he/she read? 10. Who does he play football with? Who does she
play tennis with? 11. Where does he/she walk the dog? 12. Where does he/she
go out on Sunday? 13. What time does he/she leave home for school? 14. What
games does he/she play with his/her friends? 15. Where does he/she swim on
Saturdays?

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6. 1. Where do you go out on Saturday? 2. What games do you play after school?
3. What do you read in the evening? 4. When do you watch cartoons on televi-
sion? 5. Who do you walk in the park with? 6. What time do you have a guitar
lesson on Friday? 7. Where do you play basketball? 8. When do you go to the
sports club? 9. Who do you cook dinner with? 10. What time do you go to bed?
11. Why do you like school?
8. April, June, September, and November have got thirty days. January, March, May,
July, August, October and December have got thirty-one days. February usually has
got twenty-eight days, except for leap years (високосные годы) when February has
got twenty-nine days.

15 Imperatives
Повелительное наклонение
1. 1. Take the umbrella. 2. Close the window, please. 3. Open the door, please.
4. Don’t eat sweets. 5. Don’t talk. 6. Eat your lunch, please. 7. Tidy the room,
please. 8. Don’t drink so much cola. 9. Wash the dishes, please.
2. 3. Answer; 4. Read; 5. Open; 6. Work; 7. Don’t run; 8. Don’t sit; 9. Don’t eat;
10. Find; 11. Listen; 12. Close; 13. Play; 14. Come; 15. Sit; 16. Stand; 17. Learn;
18. Write; 19. Don’t play
3. 1. Get up. 2. Don’t jump on your bed. 3. Drink your milk. 4. Don’t read in bed.
5. Go to bed. 6. Do your homework. 7. Don’t watch television all day. 8. Brush
your teeth. 9. Don’t shout at your brother. 10. Don’t listen to loud music.
4. 1. take; 2. wash; 3. dry; 4. cut; 5. put; 6. add; 7. mix; 8. enjoy
5. 1. Stop. 2. Go. 3. Don’t touch. 4. Don’t drink the water. 5. Don’t drop litter.
6. Don’t use mobile phones. 7. Don’t walk on the grass. 8. Go straight. 9. Don’t
turn left. 10. Don’t turn right. 11. Don’t pick the flowers. 12. Don’t swim. 13. Don’t
play music. 14. Don’t ride the bicycle.
6. 1. Water the flowers, please. 2. Don’t walk on the grass. 3. Don’t pick the flow-
ers. 4. Drink your milk. 5. Don’t read in bed. 6. Do your homework. 7. Wash the
dishes, please. 8. Don’t drink so much cola. 9. Don’t eat sweets and ice cream at
the theatre. 10. Don’t listen to loud music. 11. Go to bed. 12. Close the window,
please. 13. Open your books. 14. Take an umbrella. 15. Go straight and turn right.
16. Don’t drop litter. 17. Listen to me. 18. Don’t swim today. 19. Don’t use your
mobile phone in class.

16 Can for possibility


Модальный глагол can в значении уметь, мочь
3. 1. can; 2. can’t; 3. can; 4. can; 5. can; 6. can; 7. can’t; 8. can’t; can; 9. can;
10. can’t; 11. can; 12. can’t
9. Can you speak English? Can you speak German? Can you speak Russian? Can you
play the piano? Can you play the drums? Can you play the guitar? Can you play
the violin? Can you play football? Can you play volleyball? Can you play tennis?
Can you play basketball? Can you ride a horse? Can you ride a bicycle? Can you
ride a pony? Can you ride a motorbike?
11. 1. Yes, they can 2. No. Birds can’t swim. 3. Yes, they can. 4. Yes, they can.
5. Yes, some parrots can talk. 6. Yes, they can. 7. No. Bears can’t fly. 8. No.

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Elephants can’t jump. 9. Yes, they can. 10. Yes, they can. 11. Yes, they can.
12. Yes, they can. 13. No. babies can’t read. 14. No. Foxes can’t dive. 15. No.
Snakes can’t run.
13. 1. Can elephants jump? 2. Can dogs swim? 3. Can penguins fly? 4. Can penguins
swim? 5. Can horses jump? 6. Can horses swim? 7. Can cats climb trees? 8. Can
dogs climb trees? 9. Can fish fly? 10. Can ostriches fly? 11. Can ostriches run?
12. Can kangaroos jump? 13. Can parrots talk?
14. Can you climb trees? Can you play the violin? Can you ride a horse? Can you
speak German? Can you write poems? Can you play the guitar? Can you ride a
bicycle? Can you roller-skate? Can you play chess? Can you make a cake? Can
you ski? Can you play tennis? Can you play computer games? Can you draw car-
toons? Can you skate? Can you dive? Can you fly a kite?

17 Object Pronouns
Личные местоимения в роли дополнения
1. 1. I can’t find them. 2. Do you see it? 3. I can see them in the bookcase.
4. I can’t help her. 5. Do you see him in the playground? 6. Usually my mother
takes us to school. 7. I can’t wait for them. 8. Granny usually makes a strawber-
ry pie for us. 9. Chloe likes it very much. 10. John often takes him for a walk
in the park. 11. Jenny always helps her to do homework.
2. 1. Does he like Art? — No, he doesn’t like it. 2. Does he like the teacher? —
Yes, he likes her. 3. Does he like the headmaster? — No, he doesn’t like him.
4. Does he like the school uniform? — No, he doesn’t like it. 5. Does he like Mary
Cooper? — Yes, he likes her. 6. Does he like field days? — Yes, he likes them.
7. Does he like school meals? — Yes, he likes them. 8. Does he like Jake and
Harry Walker? — No, he doesn’t like them. 9. Does he like Maths? — Yes, he likes
it. 10. Does he like tests? — No, he doesn’t like them. 11. Does he like I.T.? —
No, he doesn’t like it. 12. Does he like Jack Forrester? — Yes, he likes him.
3. Jane: I can’t find my books and my exercise books. Do you see (1) them (их)?
Mother: No, I don’t.
Jane: And where is my schoolbag? Can you help (2) me (мне) to find (3) it (его)?
Mother: Sorry, I can’t help (4) you (тебе). I haven’t got time. Jane, there’s your
friend Amanda downstairs. She wants to go to school with (5) you (с тобой).
Jane: Tell (6) her (ей) I can’t go. I haven’t got my schoolbag.
Mother: Maybe Dad knows about your school things.
Jane: Can you ask (7) him (его) to help (8) me (мне)?
Mother: Sure. I can’t find my shoes. Perhaps he can help (9) us (нам).
4. 2. Amanda likes Harry Potter. Tom likes him too. 3. Amanda likes Joanne Rowl-
ing. Tom likes her too. 4. Amanda likes playing the piano, but Tom doesn’t like it.
5. Amanda likes basketball. Tom likes it too. 6. Amanda likes Maths and I.T., but
Tom doesn’t like them. 7. Amanda likes pizza, but Tom doesn’t like it. 8. Amanda
likes cats. Tom likes them too.
5. 1. The dog is thirsty. Give it some water. 2. This is your teacher Miss Green.
Look at her. 3. This is my grandfather. Say hello to him. 4. I like Kipling’s fair-
ytales, but my brother doesn’t like them. 5. Where is my schoolbag? I can’t find
it. 6. Where is my book? I can’t find it. 7. Can you help us? 8. Where are you?
I don’t see you. 9. Help me please. 10. Ask her to wash the dishes. 11. This is

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our neighbour. Jack doesn’t like him. 12. Here are the sandwiches. Take them.
13. Tell them the truth. 14. I can’t help you. 15. Do you like cats? — I don’t
like them. 16. Your friend wants to go to school with you. 17. I haven’t got time.
I can’t wait for them. 18. Ann has got a hamster. She takes care of it. 19. This
is an English writer. What do you know about him?

18 Ordinal Numbers; Prepositions of Time


Порядковые числительные;
предлоги времени
1. 1. in the evening; 2. at 4 o’clock; 3. in winter; 4. on Sunday; 5. in the afternoons;
6. in September; 7. on Saturday morning; 8. in August; 9. in the morning; 10. on
the 8th of March; 11. in autumn; 12. on Monday afternoon; 13. on Friday; 14. at 12
o’clock; 15. in 1993; 16. at eleven o’clock; 17. on Thursday afternoon; 18. on the first
of January; 19. in summer; 20. in 2001; 21. in spring; 22. at the weekend; 23. on
Tuesdays; 24. on the 25th of February; 25. at night; 26. in April
5. 1. Nick has got four lessons on Monday. 2. The first lesson on Tuesday is Maths.
3. Nick has got Music on Tuesday. 4. Nick has got English five times a week.
5. Nick hasn’t got P.T. on Tuesday and Wednesday. 6. The second lesson on
Wednesday is English. 7. The third lesson on Thursday is Science. 8. Nick has got
Art on Wednesday. 9. Nick has got P.T. three times a week. 10. Nick has got
Science on Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Friday. 11. The fourth lesson on Friday
is English. 12. School starts at nine o’clock. 13. The second lesson starts at ten
o’clock. 14. The third lesson finishes at twelve o’clock. 15. Nick has got four les-
sons of Science a week. 16. A lesson lasts forty-five minutes. 17. The last lesson
on Wednesday is I.T.
6. On Tuesday Nick has got Maths, Music, English and Science. On Wednesday he has
got Art, English, Maths and I.T. On Thursday Nick has got Maths, English, Science
and P.T. On Friday he has got P.T., Science, Maths and English.
12. 1. I get up at seven o’clock. 2. I have lunch at one o’clock. 3. On Monday eve-
nings Alice goes to a sports school. 4. On Wednesdays we’ve got I.T. 5. On Friday
they go to the Book Lovers Club. 6. At the weekend I don’t get up early. 7. At
the weekend my family and I go to the cinema or to the park. 8. My birthday is
on the fourteenth of July. 9. My brother’s birthday is on the twenty-third of August.
10. In winter the holidays are in January. 11. In spring the days are long and the
nights are short. 12. Victory Day is on the ninth of May. 13. Knowledge Day is on
the first of September. 14. Animal Planet is on television on Tuesday at five p.m.
15. My favourite cartoon is on television on Sunday at eleven a.m. 16. My father
works at night. 17. The school year starts in September and finishes in May.

19 There is / there are; Prepositions of Place


Оборот there is / there are; предлоги места
1. (1) there is; (2) There is; (3) There are; (4) There aren’t; (5) There are; There are;
(6) There aren’t; (7) there is; (8) There is; (9) there aren’t; (10) there isn’t; (11)
There is; (12) there is; (13) There is; (14) there is; (15) There is; (16) there are
2. 2. Yes, it is. 3. Yes, there is. 4. Yes, it is. 5. The bookshop is in Green Street. It
is between the supermarket and the toy shop. 6. The bus stop is in Green Street.

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It is next to the car park. 7. Yes, there are. There is a café in in Green Street.
8. No, there is not. 9. The park is in Green Street. It is next to the school.
10. No, it is not. 11. No, there are not. 12. No, there is not. 13. Yes, there are.
14. The car park is next to the church.
3. 2. There is a monument in Main Street. 3. There is a post office in Main Street. 4.
There is a church in Main Street. 5. There are shops in Main Street. 6. There is a
school in North Street. 7. There is a sports centre in North Street. 8. There is a park
in North Street. 9. There is a supermarket in Elm Street. 10. There is a car park in
Elm Street. 11. There is a bus stop in Elm Street. 12. There are houses in Wood
Street and Main Street. 13. There are caf s in Elm Street. 14. There are banks Wood
Street. 15. There is a toy shop in Wood Street. 16. There is a restaurant in Wood
Street. 17. There is a bridge in Wood Street. 18. There are boats in the river.
4. 2. There aren’t any banks in North Street. 3. Are there any cafés in Wood Street?
4. There are some shops in Main Street. 5. There aren’t any restaurants in North
Street. 6. Are there any supermarkets in Elm Street? 7. Are there any car parks in
Wood Street? 8. There are some banks in Wood Street. 9. There are some boats in
the river. 10. Are there any parks in the town?
9. 2. It is under the bed. 3. It is on the desk. 4. It is under the table. 5. It is in the
toy box. 6. It is on the wardrobe. 7. It is in the toy box. 8. It is on the shelf. 9. It
is on the chair. 10. It is under the wardrobe. 11. It is behind the armchair. 12. They
are on the floor. 13. It is on the carpet.
13. 1. There is a school in my street. 2. There is a sports ground behind the school.
3. There are some shops in our street, but there isn’t a car park. 4. There are
some monuments in our town. 5. Is there a sports centre in your street? — Yes,
there is. It is between the supermarket and the bank. 6. Are there any banks in
your town? — Yes, there are. 7. There is not a park in our street, but there are
some trees. 8. Is there a river in your street? — No, there is not. 9. There is a
bookcase in my room. There are many books in it. 10. Are there any computers in
your school? — Yes, there are. 11. This is a doctor. He is in a hospital. 12. This is
a pilot. He is on the plane. 13. This is a driver. He is on the bus. 14. I’m from a
big city. 15. They are from a little town. 16. There are many toys in her toy box.
There are some balls and some dolls in it. But there are not any toy cars. 17. All
his toys are under the bed. 18. The toy box is next to the table. 19. There are
some posters on the wall. 20. There are some cinemas in the town. But there is
not a theatre. 21. There is a table, some chairs, some shelves and a fridge in the
kitchen. 22. There are some pictures on the walls. 23. There are some flowers in
the vase. 24. There is an armchair between the window and the desk. 25. There is
a lamp behind the armchair. 26. There is a coffee table next to the lamp. 27. There
is a garden behind the garage. 28. There is a bench between the garage and the
house. 29. There is a flower bed next to the house. 30. There are some very beau-
tiful flowers on the flower bed.

20 Must for necessity; mustn’t for prohibition


Модальный глагол must для выражения
необходимости совершения действия;
mustn’t для выражения запрета
4. 1. The boy mustn’t make noise when the baby is asleep. 2. The girl mustn’t go
out when she’ got a cold. 3. The children mustn’t watch horror films. 4. The dog

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mustn’t chase the neighbour’s cat. 5. The boy mustn’t draw on the walls. 6. The
girl mustn’t read in bed. 7. The boy mustn’t be cruel to animals. 8. The girl
mustn’t break trees. 9. The children mustn’t pick flowers in the forest.
5. 2. mustn’t; 3. must; 4. mustn’t; 5. must; 6. mustn’t; 7. mustn’t; 8. must; 9. mustn’t;
10. mustn’t; 11. must; 12. mustn’t; 13. mustn’t; 14. mustn’t; 15. must; 16. must
7. 1. It’s a secret. You mustn’t tell Ann about it. 2. Mum is asleep. You must be quiet.
3. He mustn’t eat sweets before meals. 4. We must congratulate our grandmother.
It’s her birthday today. 5. She mustn’t forget the homework. The teacher gets angry.
6. You mustn’t eat so much. 7. Mark, you must tidy your room. 8. It’s six o’clock.
I must go home. 9. You are dirty. You must have a shower. 10. It’s a present for
Grandpa. You mustn’t tell him about it. 11. He mustn’t go out. He’s got a cold.
12. You must wash the car. It’s dirty. 13. You mustn’t watch television until midnight.
14. She doesn’t know the rule. She must learn it. 15. You mustn’t watch horror films.

21 Let’s for suggestion


Оборот let’s для приглашения
к совместному действию
2. (1) Let’s go to the cinema. (2) Let’s watch it together. (3) Let’s go to the park. (4)
Let’s have a picnic. (5) Let’s take some sandwiches and a bottle of lemonade. (6) Let’s
take some fruit and some ice cream. (7) Let’s make some sandwiches. (8) Let’s buy
some apple cakes. (9) Let’s bring a blanket and some chairs with us. (10) Let’s take
bread and feed the ducks. (11) Let’s play there. (12) Let’s have a nice time!
6. 1. The weather is wonderful. Let’s go for a walk. 2. It’s very hot. Let’s have a swim.
3. I’m hungry. Let’s have lunch. 4. I’m thirsty. Let’s buy a bottle of mineral water.
5. It’s cold. Let’s go home. 6. We’ve got a lot of food. Let’s have breakfast. 7.
This dress is old. Let’s buy a new dress. 8. There’s an interesting film on television
today. Let’s watch it. 9. We’ve got a lot of fruit. Let’s make a fruit salad. 10. Let’s
eat ice cream. 11. Let’s drink some tea. 12. Let’s ask Mum to bake pies. 13. We’ve
got a lot of time. Let’s play a computer game. 14. I’ve got a new book. Let’s read
it. 15. There’s an interesting film on in the cinema. Let’s go to the cinema. 16. It’s
Granny’s birthday today. Let’s visit her. 17. There’s rain outside. Let’s stay at home.
18. It’s Saturday today. Let’s have fun. 19. Let’s cook pizza. 20. I’ve got a head-
ache. Let’s go to the doctor.

22 Past Simple of be
Глагол be в простом прошедшем времени
1. 1. was; 2. were; 3. was; 4. was; 5. were; 6. was; 7. were; 8. were; 9. were;
10. were; 11. were; 12. was; 13. were; 14. was; 15. was; 16. was; 17. were; 18.
were; 19. was; 20. was
2. 2. Molly wasn’t at home yesterday. She was at school. 3. Paul wasn’t at the thea-
tre on Saturday. He was at the cinema. 4. Mum and Dad weren’t in Sochi last
summer. They were in Anapa. 5. You weren’t late for school yesterday. You were on
time. 6. I wasn’t at school on Saturday. I was at home. 7. They weren’t at the zoo
at nine o’clock yesterday. They were there at ten o’clock. 8. We weren’t in the park
a week ago. We were at the stadium. 9. Jenny wasn’t ill last week. She was ill
last month. 10. I wasn’t at my friend’s place two days ago. I was there yesterday.
11. Mark wasn’t in the supermarket on Sunday. He was in the toy shop. 12. Chloe

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wasn’t afraid of cats. She was afraid of dogs. 13. My grandparents weren’t in the
country in summer. They were at the seaside.
3. 1. weren’t; 2. was; 3. wasn’t; 4. were; 5. wasn’t; 6. weren’t; 7. was; 8. were;
9. weren’t; 10. wasn’t; 11. were; 12. was; 13. wasn’t; 14. was; 15. was
4. (1) was angry; (2) wasn’t; (3) were naughty; (4) wasn’t naughty; (5) was good; (6) was
very polite; (7) weren’t good; (8) wasn’t angry; (9) wasn’t big and ugly; (10) was small
and beautiful and green; (11) was a very nice frog; (12) was glad

23 Past Simple of have


Глагол have в простом прошедшем времени
1. 1. We had lunch at school yesterday. 2. They had a wonderful party last week-
end. 3. I got up at seven, washed and then I had breakfast. 4. She had a terrible
dream last night. 5. He had a car last year. 6. I went to the party last Sunday
and had a good time there. 7. They had a holiday last month, they were in Spain.
8. She had a cup of tea and some chocolates. 9. We had enough time to prepare
for the test. 10. He had a wonderful birthday party last week. 11. My parents had
a holiday in winter. 12. I had a cup of coffee and a cheese sandwich for breakfast.
4. 1. had; 2. had; 3. didn’t have; had; 4. didn’t have; 5. had; had; 6. didn’t have;
7. had; 8. had; 9. didn’t have; 10. didn’t have; 11. didn’t have; 12. had
5. Kate had a rabbit. Kate had a doll’s house. Kate had a bicycle. Kate had a lot of
books.
Nick had short hair. Nick had a dog. Nick had a toy railway. Nick had roller skates.
Nick had a camera.
7. 1. Did Tom have pizza for breakfast? — No, he didn’t. 2. Did David have choco-
lates for breakfast? — No, he didn’t. 3. Did Zoe have cereals with milk for break-
fast? — Yes, she did. 4. Did Ann and Chloe have tea and an apple pie? — Yes,
they did. 5. Did Harry and George have bacon and eggs for lunch? — No, they
didn’t. 6. Did Meg and Peter have ice cream? — Yes, they did. 7. Did Mr Brown
have fish and chips for lunch? — Yes, he did. 8. Did Chip have Pedigree? — No,
he didn’t. 9. Did Fluffy have milk? — Yes, she did.
8. 2. Did Nick have a sports car last month / two years ago? 3. Did the Greens have
a holiday at the seaside two weeks ago / six months ago? 4. Did Jane and Greg
have a wonderful time at the party yesterday? 5. Did Mum and Dad have a nice
walk in the park last Sunday? 6. Did Mr and Mrs Smith have a tasty dinner at the
café last week / two days ago? 7. Did Grandpa have a long swim in the river last
Saturday / yesterday? 8. Did Granny have a quiet day last Sunday? 9. Did Chloe
and Sarah have a wonderful visit to the gallery last month / two weeks ago?

24 Past Simple of Regular Verbs


Простое прошедшее время (правильные глаголы)
1. loved, liked, helped, stopped, lived, watched, tried, tasted, carried, studied, played,
washed, visited, emptied, planned, talked, arrived, smiled, danced, rubbed, dust-
ed, cooked, painted, tidied, buried, invited, hoped, moved, enjoyed, rushed, wanted,
married, fulfilled, turned, appeared, walked, worked, asked, laughed, entered, hated,
looked, cleaned, happened, listened, brushed, hopped, skipped, checked, skied, skat-
ed, returned, climbed, kissed, travelled, collected, finished

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2.
-d -ed -ied двойная согласная + -ed

liked watched carried planned


lived played studied rubbed
tasted washed emptied tidied
arrived visited married buried
smiled talked hopped
danced dusted skipped
invited cooked travelled
hoped painted
moved enjoyed
hated rushed
skated wanted
fulfilled
turned
appeared
walked
worked
asked
laughed
entered
looked
cleaned
happened
listened
brushed
checked
skied
returned
climbed
kissed
collected
finished

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Ключи

3. yesterday — вчера; two days ago — два дня назад; last month — в прошлом
месяце; an hour ago — час назад; last year — в прошлом году; ten minutes
ago — десять минут назад; in 2010 — в 2010 году; last week — на прошлой
неделе

4. в прошлом году — last year; два месяца назад — two months ago; пять минут
назад — five minutes ago; в прошлом месяце — last month; в 2001 году — in
2001 (two thousand one); на прошлой неделе — last week; три года назад — three
years ago; четыре дня назад — four days ago; вчера — yesterday; год назад —
a year ago; в 1975 году — in 1975 (nineteen seventy-five); семь лет назад — sev-
en years ago; неделю назад — a week ago

8. 2. didn’t talk; 3. didn’t water; 4. didn’t walk; 5. didn’t play; 6. didn’t phone;
7. didn’t laugh; 8. didn’t cook; 9. didn’t carry; 10. didn’t tidy; didn’t wash

9. 1. Yesterday, Mum was ill. She didn’t clean the house. 2. Yesterday, Dad cleaned
the house. 3. Yesterday, Granny didn’t wash the dishes. 4. Yesterday, my broth-
er washed the dishes. 5. Yesterday, I studied for the test. I didn’t walk the dog.
6. Yesterday, my friend walked the dog. 7. Yesterday, Mum visited her parents. She
didn’t cook. 8. Yesterday, Granny cooked the dinner.

10. 1. lived; married; lived; 2. visited; carried; talked; 3. was; lived; turned; 4. rubbed; ap-
peared; fulfilled; 5. walked; entered; tasted; liked; 6. lived; cooked; cleaned; worked

17. 1. Did you travel to the seaside last summer? 2. Where did you travel last sum-
mer? 3. Who did you travel with? 4. When did you arrive there? 5. How long did
you stay there? 6. Did you stay at the hotel? 7. Did you stay at your friend’s
place? 8. Did you visit any museums? 9. What museums did you visit? 10. What
places did you like? 11. Did you walk in the streets and parks? 12. Did you enjoy
your visit? 13. How did you travel home?

19. (1) travelled; (2) arrived; (3) stayed; (4) stopped; (5) visited; (6) liked; (7) walked;
(8) impressed; (9) enjoyed

21. 1. Yesterday I studied for a Maths test. 2. I didn’t go to the swimming pool yesterday.
3. On Sunday my brother and I walked the dog and played badminton. 4. We didn’t
play computer games and didn’t watch television. 5. In summer we travelled to the sea-
side. 6. We didn’t stay at a hotel. We stayed at our friends’ place. 7. Did you play
football yesterday? 8. No, I didn’t. I played volleyball. 9. Did you do your homework on
Saturday? — Yes, I did. 10. Did they go to the park last week? — No, they didn’t.
11. Did he watch television yesterday? — No, he didn’t. 12. Did you travel to Sochi last
month? — Yes, we did. 13. Did you like it? — Yes, we did. 14. What did you like best
of all? 15. Who did you travel to Petersburg last week with? 16. How did you travel to
Petersburg? — By train. 17. Did you stay at a hotel? — Yes, we did. 18. Did you visit
museums and palaces? — Yes, we did. 19. Did you walk in the streets and parks? —
Yes, we did. 20. On Saturday we visited our grandparents. 21. Granny cooked our fa-
vourite apple pie, and Grandpa repaired our bicycles.

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Key

25 Past Simple of Irregular Verbs


Простое прошедшее время (неправильные глаголы)
1.
Base form Past Simple
Meaning
Основная форма Форма простого прошедшего
Значение
(инфинитив) времени (вторая форма)
go went идти
give gave давать
buy bought покупать
find found находить
come came приходить
run ran бежать
pay paid платить
leave left покидать
spend spent тратить
sing sang петь
do did делать
make made делать
get got получать
bring brought приносить
write wrote писать
sit sat сидеть
swim swam плыть
see saw видеть
eat ate есть
take took брать
fly flew летать
draw drew рисовать
drink drank пить
think thought думать
know knew знать
begin began начинать
tell told говорить
stand stood стоять
break broke ломать
hear heard слышать
meet met встречать
sleep slept спать
say said сказать

2. 2. met 3. heard 4. slept 5. swam 6. bought 7. brought 8. drank 9. ate 10. found
11. lost 12. ran 13. flew 14. wrote
3. 1. She didn’t go by car. She went by bus. 2. They didn’t go shopping. They went
to the cinema. 3. He didn’t meet her friend. He met her neighbour. 4. He didn’t
buy a camera. He bought a television. 5. They didn’t swim in the river. They swam

276
Ключи

in the swimming pool. 6. She didn’t read a magazine. She read a book. 7. They
didn’t run about the house. They ran in the garden. 8. She didn’t write an e-mail.
She wrote a letter. 9. They didn’t get a postcard. They got a parcel.
4. (2) ate; (3) drank; (4) went; (5) met; (6) came; (7) was; (8) had; (9) wrote;
(10) got; (11) was
5. (1) was; (2) had; (3) went; (4) took; (5) put; (6) was; (7) went; (8) met; (9) left;
(10) ran; (11) took; (12) came; (13) ate up; (14) ate up; (15) came; (16) went
6. 1. saw; 2. didn’t hear; 3. lost, didn’t not buy; 4. went, bought; 5. didn’t run; 6. gave;
7. had, didn’t sleep; 8. ate, drank; 9. was, didn’t swim; 10. broke, didn’t ride
8. 2. Did Pam see tigers at the zoo? 3. Did Mum and Dad spend their holiday in the
country? 4. Did we meet our friends at the cinema? 5. Did you write the test in Eng-
lish and get a good mark? 6. Did Nick eat three pies and drink a bottle of lemon-
ade? 7. Did I give the book to my friend? 8. Did we find a bag on the road? 9. Did
Maggie lose her phone in the shop? 10. Did Chip run in the street and make noise?
10. (1) flew; (2) saw; (3) ate; (4) swam; (5) sat; (6) got sunburned; (7) took; (8) made;
(9) brought
11. 1. Where did Dick and Samantha go last summer? 2. What did they do in Spain?
3. What did they eat? 4. Why did they get sunburned? 5. How many photographs
did they take? 6. Where did they swim? 7. What souvenirs did they bring home? 8.
How did they spend their holiday?
14. 1. Last summer we went to the seaside. 2. Yesterday you rode a bicycle. 3. Last
summer they didn’t swim in the river. 4. Yesterday I wrote the test without mis-
takes. 5. On Saturday he went to the zoo and took a lot of photographs. 6. Last
week I lost the money and didn’t buy a present for Mum. 7. You were late for
school yesterday. / You came to school late yesterday. 8. Did he go to school
last week? — Yes, he did. 9. Did you do your homework yesterday? — No, we
didn’t. 10. Did Mum go shopping yesterday? — Yes, she did. 11. Did you meet
your friend yesterday? — No, I didn’t. 12. Did I eat two ice creams yesterday? —
Yes, you did. 13. Did we read this book last week? — No, we didn’t. 14. Did the
parrot fly about the house yesterday? — Yes, it did. 15. Where did they go last
month? 16. Why did you get a bad mark for the test? 17. What did she buy as
a present for her brother? 18. When did I come to school yesterday? 19. How did
you get to school yesterday? 20. Who did he ride a bicycle yesterday with?

26 Could for ability


Модальный глагол could
в значении «мог, могла, могло»
1. 2. could; 3. couldn’t; 4. could; could; 5. could; couldn’t; 6. could; 7. couldn’t;
8. could; 9. couldn’t; 10. couldn’t; 11. couldn’t
5. 1. Mary was ill yesterday d) so she couldn’t go to school. 2. Mum was tired yes-
terday a) so she couldn’t cook dinner. 3. Nick broke his leg n) so he couldn’t
dance at the party. 4. Chloe had a headache b) so she couldn’t do her home-
work. 5. The supermarket was closed e) so they couldn’t go shopping. 6. It rained
a lot yesterday j) so we couldn’t go to the park. 7. Tom had a terrible toothache
l) so he couldn’t eat anything. 8. The weather was bad on Sunday m) so the chil-
dren couldn’t play outside. 9. Dad didn’t have the key h) so he couldn’t get into
the house. 10. I didn’t have a bike k) so I couldn’t learn to ride it. 11. Peter
forgot his mobile phone p) so he couldn’t phone his parents. 12. Granny lost her

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Key

glasses o) so she couldn’t read the book. 13. I didn’t have any eggs at home f)
so I couldn’t cook omelette. 14. My brother was very lazy c) so he couldn’t study
well at school. 15. The dog was locked in the house i) so it couldn’t chase the
cat. 16. We missed the last train g) so we couldn’t get home on time.

27 Article the
Определённый артикль
2. (1) a comedy; (2) the film; (3) the girls; (4) a snack; (5) a big bar of choco-
late; (6) a bottle of lemonade; (7) the bar of chocolate; (8) the bottle of lemon-
ade; (9) the girls; (10) the snack; (11) the film; (12) at the sea; (13) the holidays;
(14) a month; (15) the friends; (16) a good time; (17) the visit; (18) to the cinema
3.
Имена собственные Имена нарицательные

Andy brother
Greenwood part
England dog
the United Kingdom school
Spot friends
Green Street
Green Street School
the United States
Ben
Sarah
Zoe
New York
the Hudson river
the Atlantic Ocean

4. × Lake Michigan the United States the River Nile


the Arctic Ocean × South America the United Kingdom
the Ural Mountains × Washington × Europe
the Sahara Desert × Lake Baikal the Kara-Kum Desert
× Britain the Indian Ocean the Amazon
the River Volga the Alps the Rocky Mountains
the White Sea × Moscow × London
the Himalayas × Australia × Mont Blanc
× Russia the Caspian Sea × Africa

5. A. Look at this monument. This is the Statue of Liberty. It is in × New York. × New
York is in the USA. The Statue of Liberty is a gift (подарок) from × France to the
United States for its 100th anniversary (годовщина). The statue is 93 metres high,
and it is the first thing to see in × America if you come to it by sea.
B. The United Kingdom is a country in × Europe. The capital of the UK is × Lon-
don. × London is almost 2000 years old. The UK lies on the islands in the
Atlantic Ocean. × Ben Nevis is the highest mountain in × Britain. It is 1,343 me-
tres high. It is the highest point of the Grampian Mountains.

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C. The Moscow Kremlin is situated in the centre of × Moscow. It is the official


residence of the President of × Russia. The Kremlin overlooks the Moskva River.
Many historical buildings are situated here, among them the Grand Kremlin Palace
and four cathedrals.
6. 1. The flowers in the garden are very beautiful. 2. At the weekend they always visit
their parents who live in the country. 3. We had a nice holiday at the seaside last
year. 4. In the summer of 2010 it was unusually hot in × Russia. 5. We went to the
country at the weekend and had a great time there. 6. During the winter he often
went to the skating rink and learnt to skate. 7. I want to go to the cinema and watch
a new film. 8. My parents often go to the café at the weekend. 9. We read a lot. We
borrow books in the library. 10. Is there a sitting room in the house? 11. It was dark
and cold in the forest. × Little Red Riding Hood was frightened. 12. In the daytime the
forest looks lively and full of noise. But in the night it looks rather scary. 13. We’ve
got a holiday on the first of May. The holiday is called Labour (труд) Day. 14. Where
do you usually go at the weekend? — I stay in the city. 15. My father works at the
bank. 16. My mother is a nurse at the hospital. 17. My grandmother spends most of
her time in the kitchen. 18. Her brother doesn’t like to talk over the phone.
7. 1. Do you brush your teeth before or after × breakfast? 2. What does he usually
have for × lunch? 3. Do they go to school by × bus or on × foot? 4. When do
we have P.T. today, before or after × lunch? 5. When does she do her homework,
before or after × dinner? 6. How do your parents go to × work, do they go by ×
car or by × bus? 7. When do you come home after × school? 8. How do you usu-
ally travel to the country, do you go by × car or by × train? 9. How many lessons
do we have on × Tuesday? 10. Where do they usually go at × Christmas? 11. How
did you travel to the seaside last summer, by × plane or by × train? 12. What did
she have for × breakfast in the morning? 13. When does school finish this year, in
× May or in × June? 14. Do you go to × school on × Saturday? 15. Are the chil-
dren at × school?
9. 1. We live in Russia. 2. Moscow is the capital of Russia. 3. Russia is in Europe and
Asia. 4. The Volga River is the longest river in Russia. 5. The Urals (Ural Mountains)
are the border between Europe and Asia. 6. In summer we go to the Black Sea on
holiday. 7. The Pacific Ocean is very large. 8. 11 million people live in Moscow. 9. The
Kremlin is in the centre of Moscow. 10. Lake Baikal is in Asia. 11. Russia is a large
country. 12. At the weekend we usually go to the country. 13. We grow a lot of flow-
ers in the garden. 14. Hares and foxes live in the forest. 15. In the house there is a
kitchen, a living-room, a bathroom and four bedrooms. 16. We had a wonderful time at
the seaside. 17. In the summertime it is very hot in the city. 18. In the morning I get
up, wash my face, have breakfast and go to school. 19. For breakfast I usually have
porridge and a cup of tea with a sandwich. 20. Let’s go to the cinema.
10. 1. Yesterday I was at the café. 2. For lunch I had pizza and a bottle of min-
eral water. 3. In the evening I had a shower and went to bed. 4. Usually I go
to school on foot. 5. I don’t go by bus. 6. We always travel by train. 7. On
the eighth of March we’ve got a holiday. 8. When do you usually have din-
ner? 9. What do you have for lunch? 10. On Monday we’ve got Art and Maths.
11. The school year starts in September. 12. Where are the children? — They are
at school. 13. I come home at three o’clock, have lunch and do my homework.
14. Every morning he goes to work by car. 15. The United States are in North
America. 16. The United Kingdom is on the islands near Europe. 17. London is
the capital of the UK. 18. The Statue of Liberty is in New York. 19. The capital
of the USA is Washington. 20. The Atlantic Ocean is between America and Europe.

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Key

28 Comparison of Adjectives — 1
Степени сравнения прилагательных — 1
1. big — bigger — the biggest; happy — happier — the happiest; fast — faster — the
fastest; quiet — quieter — the quietest; simple — simpler — the simplest; nice —
nicer — the nicest; lazy — lazier — the laziest; heavy — heavier — the heaviest;
easy — easier — the easiest; thin — thinner — the thinnest; slow — slower — the
slowest; clever — cleverer — the cleverest; funny — funnier — the funniest
2. Mrs Green’s car is smaller. Mr Smith’s car is faster. Mrs Green’s car is quieter.
Mr Smith’s car is bigger. Mrs Green’s car is funnier. Mrs Green’s car is slower.
Mr Smith’s car is dirtier. Mrs Green’s car is cleaner. Mr Smith’s car is noisier. Mrs
Green’s car is nicer.
7. 2. The blue whale is the largest animal in the world. 3. The African elephant is the
biggest animal on land. 4. The koala is the laziest animal in the world. 5. The gi-
raffe is the tallest animal in the world. 6. The tape worm is the longest animal in
the world. 7. The humming bird is the smallest bird in the world. 8. The dolphin is
the cleverest animal in the world. 9. The ant is the strongest insect in the world.
10. The skunk is the smelliest animal in the world.

30 Prepositions of Place and Movement


Предлоги места и движения
1. 1. across; 2. round; 3. through; 4. round; 5. up; 6. down; 7. behind; 8. in front of;
9. between; 10. across
2. 1. Alice goes to the bus stop. 2. Alice is at the bus stop opposite the pet stop. 3. Alice
goes round the corner. 4. Alice is at the swimming pool. 5. Alice goes up the stairs. 6.
Alice goes across the street. 7. Alice goes over the bridge. 8. Alice goes through the
fence. 9. Alice goes between the cars. 10. Alice comes to the swimming pool.

31. Future Simple


Простое будущее время
1. next week — на следующей неделе; tomorrow — завтра; next summer — будущим
летом; next year — в будущем году; next Monday — в следующий понедельник; in
the future — в будущем; next spring — будущей весной; next winter — будущей
зимой; next weekend — в следующие выходные; next Sunday — в следующее
воскресенье
2. I (1) will go to the country. I hope the weather (2) will be fine and it (3) won’t rain
every day. I (4) will swim in the river and sunbathe. I think I (5) won’t get sunburnt.
I’m sure we (6) will play football with my friends. I think I (7) will go to the forest
with my grandparents and we (8) will pick mushrooms and berries. Then my Granny
(9) will cook jam from the berries. I (10) won’t watch television and I (11) won’t play
computer games. I expect I (12) will spend most of my holidays outdoors.
4. 2. I will go to the cinema tomorrow. 3. My parents will spend their holiday at the
seaside next summer. 4. My brother will be sixteen years old next year. 5. My friends
will play football next Monday. 6. My sister will become a doctor in the future. 7. My
aunt will buy a house in the country next spring. 8. Granny will make a pie next
weekend. 9. I will have a birthday party next Sunday. 10. My father will teach me
to ski next winter.

280
Ключи

5. I’m sure they will go skiing. I’m sure they will go sledging. I’m sure they will
build a snow fortress. I think they won’t play field hockey. I’m sure they will play
snowballs. I’m sure they will take a walk in the winter forest. I’m sure they will
make a snowman. I think they won’t do water-skiing.

6. 2. Will the weather be fine tomorrow? — I think the weather will be OK. 3. Will it
snow tomorrow? — I’m afraid it will snow heavily. 4. Will it be cold tomorrow? —
I’m sure it won’t be cold. The wind is warm. 5. Will it be hot next summer? —
I hope it won’t be very hot. 6. Will it be warm in spring? — I’m sure it will be
warm. 7. Will the weather be nasty (отвратительная) next week? — I hope it won’t
be nasty. 8. Will it be cloudy (облачно) next week? — I expect it will / won’t be
cloudy. 9. Will it be windy (ветрено) at the weekend? — I think it will / won’t be
windy. 10. Will it be sunny (солнечно) tomorrow? — I’m afraid it won’t be sunny.

9. 2. Will you be a doctor? — d. No, I won’t. I hope I’ll be an actor. 3. We haven’t


got any bread. — e. I’ll go and buy some. 4. Do you want an ice cream or a
cake? — b. I think I’ll have a cake. 5. I haven’t got my umbrella with me. — f. I’ll
give you my umbrella. 6. What do you want to drink? — h. I think I’ll have some
water. 7. You have got a cold. — i. Then I won’t go to school. 8. We haven’t got
any water. — j. I’ll have some juice then. 9. I can’t do this exercise. — g. I’ll help
you. 10. Will it rain tomorrow? — a. I hope it won’t rain.

10. 1. I can’t sleep in the dark. — I will turn on the light. 2. You are ill and can’t go
to school. — I will stay at home. 3. It’s cold outside. — I will put on a coat. 4. I
want to go to the theatre. — I will buy the tickets. 5. The dress is too small for
you. — I won’t buy it. 6. I don’t want to go to the party alone. — I will go with
you. 7. I’ve got a headache. — I will give you a pill. 8. Your shirt is dirty. — I will
wash it. 9. It looks like rain. — I won’t go out. 10. We haven’t got any cheese. —
I won’t have a sandwich. 11. The window in your room is dirty. — I will clean it.
12. I think it will rain. — I won’t water the flowers in the garden. 13. You’ve got
a Maths test next week. — I will study for it on Sunday.

11. 1. Will you go to the country at the weekend? 2. Will you have an English test
tomorrow? 3. Will you go to John’s birthday party next Sunday? 4. Will your sister
go to John’s birthday party? 5. Will your parents stay at home at the weekend?
6. Will Amanda pass the Maths test? 7. Will Nick clean the room tomorrow? 8. Will
Sam be a pilot? 9. Will you buy the tickets to the circus tomorrow? 10. Will you
make some sandwiches for us?

12. 1. I will go to the seaside in summer. 2. My brother will become an artist. 3. My


parents will buy a big house. 4. She will become famous. 5. I’m afraid they won’t
come to the party. 6. I think we won’t go to the country at the weekend. 7. Probably
he won’t write the test. 8. We haven’t got any sugar. — I will go and buy some.
9. The dog is dirty. — I will give it a bath. 10. Will you have meat or fish for
lunch? — I will have some meat. 11. You’ve got a cold. — Then I won’t go to school
tomorrow. 12. What will the weather be like tomorrow? — It will be sunny and hot.
13. I hope it won’t be cold tomorrow. 14. It will be windy in Saint Petersburg next
week. 15. Will it be cold tomorrow? — Yes, it will be cold and foggy. 16. We won’t
go to the concert next week. 17. She is ill. She won’t go to the party. 18. I haven’t
got a big bag. — I will give you my bag. 19. You will have a Maths test tomorrow. —
I will study for it.

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Key

32. Be going to for future plans


Be going to для выражения
будущего запланированного действия
1. 1. He’s going to have lunch. 2. He’s going to bed. 3. They’re going to put on
some warm clothes. 4. He’s going to drink some water. 5. She’s going to ask her
mum for help. 6. He’s going to have a cold shower. 7. They’re going to the dentist.
8. They’re going to look for it in the garden. 9. They’re going to watch cartoons
on TV. 10. She’s going to have a party.
4. 1. They’re going to play tennis. 2. She’s going to phone her grandparents. 3. He’s
going to repair the bicycle. 4. They’re going to watch some films. 5. They’re going
to buy some magazines. 6. They’re going to walk the dog.
6. 2. Jane has got high temperature. a. She’s going to have some medicine. 3. Granny
can’t read the book. d. She’s going to find her glasses. 4. Mr Blair is cold. f. He’s
going to have a hot bath. 5. Nick and Kate are wet. b. They are going to put on
some dry clothes. 6. Mrs White is sleepy. n. She’s going to bed. 7. Fluffy is hungry.
g. I’m going to give her some milk. 8. It’s dark. Zoe can’t see anything. j. She’s
going to switch on the light. 9. Pam is thirsty. k. She’s going to drink some water.
10. Bill can’t repair his bicycle. l. He’s going to ask his brother for help. 11. The
windows in Jenny’s room are dirty. m. She’s going to clean the windows. 12. Your
hands are dirty. i. I’m going to wash my hands. 13. You’ve got toothache. e. I’m
going to the dentist. 14. It looks like rain. You want to go to school. p. I’m going
to take an umbrella. 15. Your father is late for work. o. He’s going by taxi. 16. It
is your mother’s birthday on Saturday. h. I’m going to buy flowers for her.
7. 2. Are we going to the seaside in summer? 3. Are you going to have lunch at the
café? 4. Is she going to the amusement park in the evening? 5. Are they going to
swim in the sea? 6. Is the boy going to eat an ice cream? 7. Are we going to
build a sandcastle on the beach? 8. Is the girl going to look for seashells on the
beach? 9. Are they going to take photos? 10. Are you going to buy any souvenirs?
11. Is she going to lie in the sun? 12. Is he going to make new friends? 13. Are
we going to the swimming pool? 14. Are they going to send postcards to their
friends? 15. Is he going to visit galleries and museums? 16. Are we going to watch
television in the evening? 17. Are they going to read books? 18. Are you going to
take a boat trip? 19. Is the boy going to swim?
8. Are you going to play football? Are you going to play tennis? Are you going to play
hockey? Are you going to read books? Are you going to read comics? Are you going
to read magazines? Are you going to read newspapers? Are you going to play the
guitar? Are you going to play the piano? Are you going to play the trumpet? Are you
going to play the violin? Are you going to play the drums? Are you going to play the
keyboards? Are you going to the cinema? Are you going to the theatre? Are you going
to the amusement park? Are you going to the zoo? Are you going to the circus? Are
you going to the swimming pool? Are you going to watch television? Are you going to
play computer games? Are you going to repair the bicycle? Are you going to tidy the
room? Are you going to listen to music? Are you going to help Mum about the house?
Are you going to study for a test in English? Are you going to make a cake?
12. 1. Is Granny going to make a pie on Sunday? 2. Are you going to have a birthday
party? 3. Are we going to the country next weekend? 4. Is she going to study
for the Maths test? 5. Are you going shopping tomorrow? 6. Is Grandad going to

282
Ключи

walk in the park? 7. Is Denis going to repair his bicycle? 8. Is Zoe going to the
swimming pool next week? 9. We are going to buy a car. 10. He is going to write
a book. 11. I’m going to have a swim in the river. 12. They are going to Spain in
summer. 13. We are going to have lunch. 14. She is going to write a letter to her
parents. 15. I’m not going to the theatre tomorrow. 16. He is not going to watch
television. 17. We are not going to stay in the city in summer. 18. They are not
going to buy a house. 19. She is not going to school tomorrow. 20. You are not
going to have a party at the weekend.

33. Would like to do for future actions


Would like to do для выражения
желания сделать что-либо в будущем
1. 1. I’d like to go to the South Pole. 2. He’d like to become a singer. 3. She’d like
to write a book. 4. You’d like to go there. 5. They’d like to buy a house. 6. We’d
like to play in the garden. 7. He’d like to swim in the river. 8. They’d like to become
famous. 9. We’d like to stay in this hotel. 10. I’d like to come to your birthday party.
3. Would you like to see a ghost? Would you like to ride an elephant? Would you
like to fly to the moon? Would you like to write a book? Would you like to be on
television? Would you like to meet a film star? Would you like to learn karate? Would
you like to work in a circus? Would you like to go to Disneyland? Would you like
to become a pop star?
6. 1. I would like to be a pilot. 2. I would like to travel around the world. 3. I would like to
visit many countries. 4. I would like to see many famous places of interest. 5. My brother
would like to be a doctor. 6. He would like to work in a hospital. 7. He would like to
help people. 8. My sister would like to be a ballet dancer. 9. She would like to dance
in the Bolshoi Theatre. 10. She would like to go to different countries. 11. My parents
would like to buy a house in the country. 12. They would like to go to the country at
the weekends. 13. They would like to grow flowers and vegetables. 14. My grandparents
would like to have a dog. 15. They would like to walk with the dog in the park.
8. — Would you like a glass of orange juice? / — No, thank you. I would like a glass
of water.
— Would you like a piece of cake? / — No, thank you. I would like some biscuits.
— Would you like a bowl of soup? / — No, thank you. I would like a carton of
yoghurt.
— Would you like an orange? / — No, thank you. I would like an apple.
— Would you like some chocolate? / — No, thank you. I would like a sandwich.
— Would you like an ice cream? / — No, thank you. I would like some cherries.

34. May for possibility and asking for permission


Модальный глагол may для выражения
возможности совершения действия в будущем;
для выражения просьбы
1. 2. People may live on Mars. 3. People may not use cars. 4. People may build cities
on the moon. 5. People may not go to work. 6. Robots may do all the work. 7.
People may not eat from plates. 8. Children may not go to school. 9. Children may
study at home. 10. People may not live on Earth. 11. People may live in space
stations. 12. The weather may be colder.

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6. Fortune-teller: Hello. You can ask me any questions, and I will tell you everything
about your future.
You: OK. (1) Will I be famous?
Fortune-teller: You (2) may be famous one day.
You: (3) Will I be rich?
Fortune-teller: You (4) won’t be rich, but I think you (5) will have many friends.
You: (6) Will I always live in this country?
Fortune-teller: You (7) may live in a different country.
You: In what country (8) will I live?
Fortune-teller: You (9) may live in England.
You: I hope it (10) won’t be England. I can’t speak English well.
Fortune-teller: You (11) may learn to speak English like an Englishman.
You: What (12) will the questions be in our English test tomorrow?
Fortune-teller: I don’t know. You must study hard, and I hope you (13) will get
an excellent mark for the test.
You: I’m afraid I (14) won’t get a good mark.
Fortune-teller: I’m sure you (15) will go home right now and study hard for the
test. In this case you (16) may not get a bad mark.
You: One more question. (17) Will I go to the seaside in summer?
Fortune-teller: I think you (18) won’t go anywhere in summer if you don’t study well.
You: OK. I (19) will work hard and I (20) may be famous in the future.
7. May I go to the cinema? May I watch television? May I play computer games? May
I go to the swimming pool? May I invite my friends to our place? May I make a
milkshake? May I make a sandwich? May I take Dad’s bike? May I use Mum’s
computer? May I read Granny’s magazine? May I play with your cat? May I climb
the tree? May I use your phone? May I buy a new toy? May I take your pen?
18. 1. May I take your pen? 2. May I ask you to repeat, please? 3. May I, please, play
with the kitten? 4. May I bring along my sister, please? 5. May I open the window?
19. 1. May I use your camera? 2. May I take your umbrella? 3. May I answer the question?
4. May I close the window? 5. May I have a pie? 6. May I borrow the book?
10. 1. I may become famous. 2. I may have a big house. 3. I may become a famous
writer. 4. I may fly to Mars. 5. The climate on Earth may become colder. 6. He
may not come to school. 7. We may go to the swimming pool after school. 8. It
may be windy and cold tomorrow. 9. It may snow tomorrow. 10. It may be warm
and sunny tomorrow. 11. It may rain tomorrow. 12. May I come in? 13. May I use
your telephone? 14. May I read your book? 15. May I take your pencils? 16. May
I take her bike? 17. May I play on the computer? 18. May I go to play in the
playground? 19. May I go to the cinema? 20. May I go to the swimming pool?

35. Adverbs of Frequency (how often?)


Наречия частоты действия (как часто?)
1. 2. Nick always drinks coffee in the morning. 3. My father rarely finishes work
at 6 o’clock. 4. I tidy my room once a week. 5. She never comes home late.
6. We don’t usually eat fish for lunch. 7. They always have breakfast at 8 o’clock.
8. I sometimes walk my dog in the park. 9. He goes to the swimming pool every
day. 10. Mum doesn’t usually work on Sunday. 11. He never goes to work by
car. 12. I rarely go to bed at 11 o’clock. 13. We sometimes stay at this hotel.
14. They often go to school by bus. 15. They go to the country every weekend.
16. We have holidays four times a year. 17. My parents have holidays twice a

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year. 18. I go to see my grandparents three times a week. 19. I visit museums
and art galleries four times a month.
2. 2. The bus is never late. 3. My friend is usually busy. 4. Your sister is sometimes
rude. 5. It is usually warm in spring. 6. It is never hot in winter. 7. He is rarely
at home during the day. 8. I am often tired. 9. I am usually in bed at 10 o’clock.
10. It is always windy in this place. 11. Mum is sometimes angry with me. 12. Dad
often has lunch at 12 o’clock. 13. We rarely go for a walk together. 14. Granny
never gets up late. 15. He often plays computer games. 16. It is sometimes chilly
in autumn. 17. We always go shopping on Sunday. 18. Dad rarely goes to bed
late. 19. I usually have soup and roast chicken for lunch. 20. My mother always
drinks coffee at breakfast.

36. Adverbs of Manner (in what way?)


Наречия образа действия (каким образом?)
1. simple — simply — просто; clever — cleverly — умно; angry — angrily — сердито;
noisy — noisily — шумно; easy — easily — легко; quiet — quietly — тихо; slow —
slowly — медленно; polite — politely — вежливо; happy — happily — счастливо;
bad — badly — плохо; loud — loudly — громко; tidy — tidily — опрятно; silent —
silently — молча; beautiful — beautifully — красиво; quick — quickly — быстро;
correct — correctly — правильно; neat — neatly — опрятно; heavy — heavily —
сильно; dangerous — dangerously — опасно; sudden — suddenly — внезапно;
nervous — nervously — нервно; nice — nicely — мило; pretty — prettily — мило;
sad — sadly — печально;

2. Прилагательное /
Прилагательное Наречие
наречие
pretty prettily late
beautiful beautifully hard
quiet quietly early
angry angrily fast
slow slowly
nervous nervously
loud loudly
simple simply
neat neatly
careful carefully
dangerous dangerously

3. 2. Jenny is a neat girl. 3. Zoe works well in class. 4. This is a good job. 5. Nick learns
the words slowly. 6. A turtle is a slow animal. 7. My little brother shouts very loudly.
8. There was a loud scream outside. 9. He had a bad day at school. 10. He behaves
quite badly. 11. This is an easy job. 12. I can do it easily. 13. He is a happy man.
14. The child always smiles happily. 15. The girl was very beautiful. 16. I can decorate
the dress beautifully. 17. She always drives carefully. 18. He is a careful person.
4. A. She can understand the new material (1) easily. She can read texts (2) quickly.
She can write words (3) neatly. She always listens to the teacher (4) carefully. She
works in class (5) quietly. She behaves (6) well in class. She studies (7) hard and
her progress is great.

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B. He writes in his exercise book (1) untidily. He learns the new rules (2) slowly.
He speaks English (3) badly. He works in class (4) carelessly. He behaves (5) noisily
and sometimes shouts quite (6) loudly. He works (7) hard at P.E. lessons. He can
run (8) fast. He plays football very (9) well.
7. 1. I study hard. 2. My sister behaves badly at school. 3. I always listen carefully to
the teacher. 4. My brother runs fast. 5. My father plays tennis well. 6. My mother
swims fast. 7. We speak English well. 8. I can do it easily. 9. She sometimes
behaves carelessly. 10. The child often shouts loudly. 11. You can easily learn
the rules. 12. She always writes neatly. 13. Children usually listen to their parents
attentively. 14. My grandfather moves slowly. 15. She usually speaks very politely.
16. Do you usually go to bed early? 17. I don’t go to bed late. 18. Do they do
their homework attentively? 19. He always writes untidily. 20. Do they speak English
well? 21. Does she study hard? 22. Do they behave quietly? 23. He sometimes rides
a bike carelessly. 24. She works in class badly. 25. Does your grandmother cook
well? 26. He always decorates the Christmas tree beautifully. 27. She sings beautifully.
28. They dance easily and beautifully. 29. The dog usually barks loudly. 30. My Dad
always drives carefully. 31. My grandparents live happily. 32. My Granny usually gets
up early. 33. On Sundays we get up late. 34. My brother does his homework slowly.

37. Expressing Quantity


Количество предметов или вещества
2. There is a jar of honey on the cupboard. There is a piece of cake on the cupboard.
There is a bag of sugar on the cupboard.
2. There is a glass of juice on the table. There is a packet of biscuits on the table.
There is a bar of chocolate on the table. There is a cup of tea on the table.
There are two cartons of milk in the fridge. There are three cartons of yoghurt in
the fridge. There is a tin of peaches in the fridge.
There are three bottles of water on the shelf.
4. 1. Go to the shop, please, and buy a loaf of bread and a carton of milk. 2. Would
you like a glass of water? 3. We have got some soup. Would you like a bowl of soup?
4. We have got a cake. Would you like a piece of cake? 5. I bought in the shop three
cartons of yoghurt, a kilo of meat and lots of / a lot of fruit. 6. Have we got any
vegetables? — Yes, we have got a lot of / lots of vegetables. 7. I would like to have
a cup of coffee and a few sandwiches. 8. Usually I eat a lot of / lots of cheese and
vegetables. 9. We have got a tin of mushrooms, a little cabbage and a few carrots
for the salad. 10. We have got a lot of / lots of books at home. Have you got many
books? 11. I drink lots of / a lot of milk and eat lots of fruit. 12. Do your children
drink a lot of / lots of lemonade? 13. Nick eats lots of / a lot of jam and sweets.
14. Liza eats a lot of / lots of fish and honey. 15. We have got a few eggs and a
little milk. We can make an omelette. 16. We have got a little mineral water. 17. There
is a lot of / lots of snow in the streets this year.
5. 1. I have got a few coloured pencils. Would you like to draw? 2. Would you like
some chocolate? — Yes, thank you. I would like a little chocolate. 3. Have you got any
coloured paper? — Yes, I have got a little. 4. Yesterday I bought in the shop a kilo of
apples, two bars of chocolate, a packet of tea and a jar of jam. 5. Can you buy two
packets of biscuits and a bottle of orange juice, please? — We have got a lot of /
lots of orange juice in the fridge. 6. Would you like some tea? — Yes, please. I would
like to have a cup of tea and a few biscuits. 7. I would like to eat a little rice with

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Ключи

meat. — How much meat would you like? — Just a little. 8. I would like to eat some
fried potatoes. — How much would you like? — Just a little. 9. Would you like some
coffee? — Yes, I would like to have a little coffee and a piece of cake. 10. Would you
like some bananas? — Yes, thank you. — How many bananas would you like? — Just
a few. 11. We have got a little cheese and bread. We can make a few sandwiches.
12. Would you like some ice cream? I’ve got a little in the freezer. — No, thank you.
I don’t like ice cream. I would like to eat some cherry pie. 13. Have you got much
chocolate? Can you give me a little? — I haven’t got any chocolate. But I have got a
lot of / lots of sweets. How many sweets would you like? — Just a few.

38. Zero Article


Нулевой артикль
5. 2. In France people speak French. 3. In England people speak English. 4. In Germany
people speak German. 5. In Finland people speak Finnish. 6. In Poland people speak
Polish. 7. In Spain people speak Spanish. 8. In Italy people speak Italian. 9. In
Sweden people speak Swedish. 10. In Japan people speak Japanese. 11. In Korea
people speak Korean.
6. On Tuesday children have I.T., Russian, Literature and Science. On Wednesday children
have Handicrafts, Maths, P.T. and Music. On Thursday children have Literature, Russian,
Maths and English. On Friday children have P.T., Science, Maths and Russian.
7. 1. My favourite sport is tennis. 2. What do you usually have for lunch? 3. My birthday
is in August. 4. Usually we go to the country on May Day. 5. How do your parents
go to work — by bus or by car? 6. When does your mother usually come home
after work? 7. What do you usually do on New Year’s Day? 8. I don’t go to school
on Saturdays. 9. Do you do your homework before or after dinner? 10. We don’t
have Maths on Monday. 11. Do you have Art or Music on Friday? 12. My father
likes football and ice hockey. 13. He was at home yesterday all day long. 14. Are
the children at school? 15. Do you play basketball? 16. I’m very much interested
in history. 17. People can’t live without water. 18. In Russia, children go to school
from the age of seven (с семи лет). 19. All cats like milk. 20. My brother likes tea,
but I prefer [prf:] (предпочитаю) lemonade. 21. Dogs are very good friends. 22.
Apples are good for your health. 23. Milk is rich in vitamins and minerals. 24. Do
you like vegetables? 25. I really love cabbage and potatoes. 26. Does your mother
like music? 27. Does your brother like winter sports? 28. My brother’s favourite sports
are basketball and football. 29. I know a lot about horses. 30. What would you like
to have for dinner? 31. I like cakes very much. 32. When do you come home after
school? 33. Tigers are very dangerous. 34. Elephants are very big. 35. Dinosaurs
[dans:z] died out long ago. 36. Birds can fly. 37. Lions can run fast. 38. Dolphins
can swim fast. 39. Cows are domestic animals. 40. They give milk.

39. Questions
Вопросительное предложение
1. 3. Is he a friendly person? 4. Is your room usually tidy? 5. Are your parents always
busy? 6. Is your sister shy? 7. Is your handwriting always neat? 8. Is your grandmother
often bored? 9. Are you kind? 10. Are you polite to people? 11. Has your brother
got many friends? 12. Have you got a bicycle? 13. Has your mother got a hobby?
14. Have you got a computer? 15. Has your little sister got a favourite toy? 16.
Has your uncle got a car? 17. Have you got a dog? 18. Have your parents got
a country house?

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Key

3. Do you play computer games? Do you watch television? Do you play the piano? Do
you go to the swimming pool? Do you play football? Do you play tennis? Do you
help your parents about the house? Have you got a hobby? Do you like to go to
the zoo? Do you like to go to the circus? Do you go to the country in summer?
Do you go to the seaside in summer? Do you walk the dog? Do you like to watch
cartoons? Do you often go to the cinema? Do you play with the friends in the
playground? Do you like cooking? Do you like gardening? Do you like ice cream?
Do you like lemonade? Do you ride a bicycle? Do you listen to music? Do you like
Maths lessons? Do you read magazines? Do you solve puzzles?
6. 2. Where was the party? 3. When did the party start? 4. When did it finish? 5.
What did you eat? 6. How many children did James invite? 7. Who did James dance
with? 8. What did you wear? 9. What did you drink? 10. What did you play? 11.
What did you give James as a present?
7. 1. Will you go to the country in summer? 2. Will you go to the seaside in summer?
3. Will you go to the summer camp in summer? 4. Will you swim in the river in
summer? 5. Will you play football in summer? 6. Will you have a picnic in summer?
7. Will you pick mushrooms in summer? 8. Will you go fishing in summer? 9. Will
you go sunbathing in summer? 10. Will you go roller-skating in summer? 11. Will
you ride a bicycle in summer? 12. Will you build a tree house in summer?
9. 2. Could you swim when you were five? 3. Could you roller-skate when you were
five? 4. Could you write when you were five? 5. Could you read when you were
five? 6. Could you play the piano when you were five? 7. Could you speak English
when you were five? 8. Could you ski when you were five?
10. 1. Is your mother a teacher? 2. Is your father a doctor? 3. Do you go to school?
4. What time do you get up? 5. What do you have for breakfast? 5. What time do
lessons at school start? 6. Do you have lunch at school? 7. Does your friend do
sports? 8. Do you go to the swimming pool? 9. On what days do you go to the
swimming pool? 10. Does your father play football? 11. Did you go to the seaside
last summer? 12. Where did you go for the winter holidays? 13. Will you go to the
summer camp next summer? 14. Were you at school yesterday? 15. What marks did
you get? 16. Do you like school? 17. What are your favourite subjects? 18. Can you
dance? 19. Could you ride a bike when you were five (years old)? 20. Have you got
a computer? 21. Do you like to play computer games? 22. Have you got many books
at home? 23. Did you read the book yesterday? 24. Does your friend like to go to
the cinema? 25. Did your friend go to the cinema yesterday? 26. Will your friend go
to the circus with you tomorrow? 27. Are your classmates good friends? 28. Is your
teacher kind? 29. Have you got a pet? 30. What is its name?

40. Subject Questions


Вопрос к подлежащему
1. 2. The Pacific Ocean is. 3. The Great Pyramid of Cheops is. 4. Mount Everest is.
5. Australia is. 6. Lake Baikal is. 7. Antarctica is. 8. The Sahara Desert is.
2. 1. Who has got long hair? — Sally has. 2. Who has got short hair? — Nick has.
3. Who has got a dog? — Nick has. 4. Who has got a camera? — Nick has. 5. Who
has got a rabbit? — Sally has. 6. Who has got a toy railway? — Nick has. 7. Who
has got a bike? — Sally has. 8. Who has got a doll’s house? — Sally has. 9. Who

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Ключи

has got roller skates? — Nick has.


4. 2. Who walks in the park every day? 3. Who tidies the room once a week? 4. Who
gets only good marks at school? 5. Who goes to work by bus? 6. Who makes pies
every Sunday? 7. Who goes to the swimming pool on Tuesday and Friday? 8. Who
likes football? 9. Who sings beautifully? 10. Who plays the guitar? 11. Who works in
the office from 9 to 6? 12. Who travels around the world?
5. 2. Who goes to the seaside every summer? 3. Who repairs his car at the garage?
4. Who likes to cook? 5. Who reads a lot of books? 6. Who swims in the river in
summer? 7. Who watches television in the evening? 8. Who goes to the cinema every
weekend? 9. Who writes letters every week? 10. Who lives in London? 11. Who does
his homework after lunch?
6. 1. Who rode in the car? 2. What was bad? 3. Who saw a cat in the road? 4. What
stopped suddenly? 5. What made a loud noise? 6. Who phoned the police? 7. What
caused the accident? 8. What happened to the cat?

41. Tag Questions


Разделительный вопрос
1. 2. Russia is the largest country in the world, isn’t it? 3. The Ural Mountains divide
Russia into two parts, don’t they? 4. There are more people in Moscow than in any
other city of Russia, aren’t there? 5. The Kremlin is in Moscow, isn’t it? 6. About
140 million people live in Russia, don’t they? 7. Russia is a country with a long
history, isn’t it? 8. Ostankino Television Tower is the highest building in Moscow,
isn’t it? 9. The territory of Russia makes up one-sixth of the world’s land, doesn’t
it? 10. Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world, isn’t it? 11. The Volga flows
into the Caspian Sea, doesn’t it? 12. People of 100 nationalities live in Russia, don’t
they? 13. They can learn their national languages at school, can’t they? 14. The
bear is the symbol of Russia, isn’t it?
2. 1. The population of China is over one billion people, isn’t it? 2. Most people in
Canada can speak two languages, can’t they? 3. London is the capital of Great
Britain, isn’t it? 4. About 500 million people live in Europe, don’t they? 5. There
are five oceans in the world, aren’t there? 6. There are about 175 countries in the
world, aren’t there? 7. More than 7 billion people live on Earth, don’t they? 8. The
Eiffel Tower stands in Paris, doesn’t it? 9. London Underground is the oldest in the
world, isn’t it? 10. People call Europe the Old World (Старый свет), don’t they?
11. People call America the New World (Новый свет), don’t they? 12. The Houses
of Parliament aren’t as old as the Tower of London, are they? 13. Germany and
France are the leading European countries, aren’t they?
3. 2. The weather wasn’t bad, j. was it? 3. We went to the country, a. didn’t we?
4. We had a picnic in the garden, e. didn’t we? 5. The day was wonderful, g. wasn’t
it? 6. We were happy, k. weren’t we? 7. We had a lot of fun, i. didn’t we? 8. It
rained a little, f. didn’t it? 9. The rain didn’t spoil the picnic, d. did it? 10. Spot
chased the neighbour’s cat, h. didn’t he? 11. He didn’t bark at the cat, c. did he?
4. We must listen to the teacher attentively, mustn’t we? We must write in the exercise
books neatly, mustn’t we? We must work well in class, mustn’t we? We must spell
words correctly, mustn’t we? We must study hard at the lessons, mustn’t we? We
must learn new rules quickly, mustn’t we? We mustn’t work in class carelessly, must

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we? We mustn’t behave badly, must we? We mustn’t shout loudly, must we? We
mustn’t run in the classroom, must we? We mustn’t write in the exercise books
untidily, must we? We mustn’t use mobile phones, must we? We mustn’t write on
the desks, must we? We must sit quietly, mustn’t we? We mustn’t look out of the
window, must we? We mustn’t stand on the chairs, must we? We must speak English
in the English lessons, mustn’t we?
5. It is the Nile crocodile, isn’t it? It lives in Africa, doesn’t it? It is dangerous, isn’t
it? It eats fish and meat, doesn’t it? It can attack people, can’t it? It is the largest
crocodile in Africa, isn’t it? It doesn’t eat leaves and grass, does it?
It is the big panda, isn’t it? It lives in China, doesn’t it? It is the national symbol of
China, isn’t it? It eats bamboo, doesn’t it? It can climb trees, can’t it? It doesn’t eat
meat, does it? It is quiet and peaceful, isn’t it? It doesn’t attack people, does it?
It is the blue whale, isn’t it? It is the biggest animal in the world, isn’t it? It can
weigh 150 tonnes, can’t it? It can grow 30 metres long, can’t it? It must come to
the surface every 15 minutes, mustn’t it? It can blow water into the air, can’t it? It
doesn’t eat meat, does it?
It is the dolphin, isn’t it? It is the most intelligent animal in the world, isn’t it? It
cannot stop for a minute, can it? It can swim and sleep at the same time, can’t
it? It can communicate with people, can’t it? It can help people in storms, can’t it?
Baby dolphins drink milk, don’t they? The dolphin doesn’t attack people, does it?

42. Have to for necessity


Модальный глагол have to для выражения
необходимости совершения действия
1. We have to learn poems by heart. We have to write tests. We have to use dictionaries.
We have to do projects. We have to answer the teacher’s questions. We have to
listen to the teacher. We have to translate texts from English into Russian. We have
to read the textbooks. We have to translate sentences from Russian into English. We
have to be quiet in the lessons. We have to water the flowers. We have to study
hard. We have to clean the blackboard. We have to wear school uniform. We have
to take exams. We have to do our homework.
We don’t have to read newspapers. We don’t have to sing songs. We don’t have
to play basketball. We don’t have to go shopping. We don’t have to write letters.
We don’t have to feed the pets. We don’t have to wash up the dishes. We don’t
have to clean the windows.
3. Do you have to tidy your room? Do you have to clean the bird’s cage? Do you have
to clean the windows? Do you have to wash the floor in the kitchen? Do you have
to go shopping? Do you have to help your sister or brother with the homework? Do
you have to feed the cat? Do you have to give the dog a bath? Do you have to
throw out the litter? Do you have to dust the furniture? Do you have to vacuum the
rooms? Do you have to wash up? Do you have to make your bed? Do you have
to walk the dog twice a day?
4. 2. Dad is ill. k. He has to go to the doctor. 3. My tooth aches. b. I have to go
to the dentist. 4. School starts at 8.30. f. Schoolchildren have to get up at 7.30.
5. Mum’s car is dirty. c. She has to wash the car. 6. There are no buses. g. We
have to walk to school. 7. It is Sunday. e. My parents don’t have to go to work.

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8. Granny doesn’t work. i. She doesn’t have to get up early. 9. Grandpa doesn’t feel
well. d. He has to take medicine. 10. We have a Maths test tomorrow. h. I have to
study hard to get a good mark. 11. It’s late. j. I have to go home.
5. 2. It’s Sunday. Amanda doesn’t have to get up early today. 3. There are no
buses. We have to walk home. 4. I don’t see well. I have to wear glasses. 5.
They have a test tomorrow. They have to study hard today. 6. Nick has to walk
his dog twice a day. 7. The window is dirty. You have to clean it. 8. There is
a lot of food in the fridge. We don’t have to cook. 9. The weather is rainy. I
don’t have to water the flowers in the garden. 10. The baby is asleep. You have
to be quiet. 11. I don’t feel well. I have to take medicine. 12. You must get up
early tomorrow. You have to go to bed. 13. Mum can’t take me to school in her
car today. I have to go by bus. 14. Jim’s music teacher is away on holiday. He
doesn’t have to go to the music lesson. 15. Our teacher forgot to give us our
homework. We don’t have to do it.

43. Impersonal it
Безличные предложения с it
в качестве подлежащего
1. It is summer. It is hot. It is winter. It is cold. It is autumn. It is rainy. It is spring.
It is windy. It is winter. It is snowy. It is summer. It is cloudy.
2. 1. Take an umbrella. It is rainy today. 2. What day is it today? — It is Saturday.
3. Is it Wednesday today? — No, it is Tuesday. 4. It is hot today. We can go
to the river and have a swim. 5. Is it windy today? — No, there is no wind. 6.
It is cloudy, it may rain today. 7. Do you walk to school? — No, it is far from
my house to the school. Usually I go by bus. 8. Is it far from your house to the
Underground station? — No, it is not far. I walk there. 9. It is my birthday today.
I am 10. 10. Is it cold outside?
3. 2. It is cold in the room. j. Close the window, please. 3. It is very late. f. We must
go home. 4. The weather is not nice today. g. It is cloudy and windy. 5. It is far
from the city to the airport. h. You have to take a taxi. 6. Is it far from the hotel
to the beach? e. No, it’s five-minute walk. 7. How far is it from Moscow to St.
Petersburg? c. It takes eight hours to get from Moscow to St. Petersburg by train.
8. What time is it? a. It is half past four. 9. It is often cold here in winter. b. There
is a lot of snow. 10. Is it Monday today? i. No, it is not. It is Sunday today.
5. It is twenty minutes past five. It is fifteen minutes to nine. It is half past seven. It
is five minutes to four. It is ten minutes past eleven. It is eleven o’clock. It is four
o’clock. It is half past twelve.
6. 1. It is late now. 2. What time is it? 3. It is half past one. 4. It is ten minutes past
four. 5. It is fifteen minutes to seven. 6. It is spring. It is warm. 7. It is winter. It
is cold. 8. It is autumn. It is rainy. 9. It is summer. It is hot. 10. Is it far from
your house to the swimming pool? 11. What day is it today? 12. It is Friday today.
It is Saturday tomorrow. 13. It is my birthday today. I’m eleven. 14. It is hot in the
room. Open the window, please. 15. It is cloudy today. It may rain. 16. It is windy
today. Put on a coat. 17. It is sunny and warm today. 18. It is seven o’clock in
the morning. I have to get up.

291
Key

44. Word-building Suffixes


(-er/-or, -tion, -ist, -ful, -ous, -ly, -teen, -ty, -th)
Словообразовательные суффиксы
1. fight fighter — борец; ride rider — наездник; play player — игрок;
lose loser — проигравший; catch catcher — ловец; speak speaker —
оратор; begin beginner — новичок; read reader — читатель; lead
leader — руководитель; write writer — писатель; run runner — бегун;
swim swimmer — пловец
2. organization — organize; decoration — decorate; transportation — transport;
realization — realize; civilization — civilize; combination — combine; action — act;
production — produce
3. commune — communist — коммунист; capital — capitalist — капиталист; final —
finalist — финалист; colony — colonist — колонист; science — scientist — учёный;
art — artist — художник
4. dancer — dance, teacher — teach, builder — build, driver — drive, sailor — sail,
actor — act, worker — work
5. frightful — fright, страшный — страх; colourful — colour, красочный — цвет;
skilful — skill, умелый — умение; playful — play, игривый — игра; wonderful —
wonder, чудесный — чудо; thoughtful — thought, задумчивый — мысль; useful —
use, полезный — польза; fruitful — fruit, плодотворный — плод; famous — fame,
знаменитый — слава; mysterious — mystery, таинственный — тайна; courageous —
courage, мужественный — мужество; miraculous — miracle, чудесный — чудо
6. 2. Dad plays the guitar and sings beautifully. 3. Ann speaks English fluently. 4. My
grandparents live together quite happily. 5. My brother always talks loudly. 6. I always
do everything quickly. 7. My little brother behaves badly. 8. My sister cooks badly.
9. Our teacher can answer any question easily. 10. The weather is fine today. The
sun shines brightly.
7. 1. четырнадцатый — fourteenth; 2. девятнадцатый — nineteenth; 3. двадцать
четвёртый — twenty-fourth; 4. тридцать восьмой — thirty-eighth; 5. сорок пятый —
forty-fifth; 6. пятьдесят девятый — fifty-ninth; 7. семьдесят шестой — seventy-sixth;
8. восьмидесятый — eightieth
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