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LESSON 3 MY DAILY ROUTINE

VOCABULARY

arrive at work late/on time приезжать на работу с опозданием / вовремя


attend classes of aerobics посещать занятия аэробикой
awake smb. будить
be an early riser рано вставать
be awake бодрствовать, не спать
be busy быть занятым
be/feel sleepy (refreshed, tired) хотеть спать, быть сонным (чувствовать себя
бодрым/ чувствовать себя усталым)
be in/out быть дома/не быть дома
be sporty заниматься спортом
catch a bus садиться на автобус
clean one's teeth чистить зубы
daily routine распорядок дня
do morning exercises делать зарядку
do one's hair причесываться
do the cleaning делать уборку
do the cooking готовить
do the homework делать уроки
do the housework заниматься домашним хозяйством
do the shopping делать покупки
get dressed одеваться
get down to work приниматься за работу
(not to) get enough sleep (не) высыпаться
get out of bed вставать
get up on time/late/early вставать вовремя/поздно/рано
go out выходить в свет, бывать в обществе
go shopping ходить в магазин
go to a disco ходить на дискотеку
go to keep-fit classes ходить на спортивные занятия
have a good night's rest хорошо выспаться
have/take a shower принимать душ
have a snack перекусить
keep late hours сидеть допоздна
keep smb. busy заниматься чем-либо
leisure time досуг
lie in bed валяться в постели
lunchtime время ланча
make a timetable составлять расписание
make the bed застилать/стелить постель
organize one's time планировать время
plan one's week распланировать неделю
practise swimming/running заниматься плаванием/ бегом
put in a good mood привести кого-либо в хорошее расположение духа
receive guests принимать гостей
relax отдыхать
set off to work отправляться на работу
sit up late засиживаться до поздней ночи
stay in не выходить, оставаться дома
stay in bed лежать/оставаться в постели
take a rest отдыхать, спать
take smb. out пригласить, повести кого-либо куда-нибудь
vary (from day to day) менять, разнообразить(день ото дня)
wake up просыпаться
Conversational Formulas:
Не who does not work neither shall Кто не работает, тот не ест.
he eat.
I could get no rest. У меня не было ни минуты покоя.
I haven't slept a wink. Я глаз не сомкнул(а).
Let's call it a day. На сегодня всё.
Let's make a rest from work. Давайте сделаем передышку.
He has a very tight schedule. Его день расписан по минутам.
READING
Read and translate the text
I'm in the first year at the university, where I'm studying English. My elder sister, Betty, is
studying history at the same university. Betty can organise her time wisely, whereas I do not
know what order I should do things in. I find it hard to get up on time, and usually I do not
get enough sleep. I have to wind two alarm-clocks to make sure I do not oversleep.
My sister, an early riser, is awake by 7 o'clock, refreshed and full of energy. While I'm
wandering round the kitchen, fighting the urge to go back to bed, my sister has a quick
shower, makes her bed, puts on make up, does her hair, eats a full breakfast and sets off to
the university. It takes me an hour and a half to get ready. I have a hasty bite and rush out of
the house. Even if I catch a bus at once I still arrive at the university 15 minutes late, which
always makes me feel guilty.
My studies keep me busy all day long. Every day I have lectures and seminars. At lunchtime
I meet up with my sister and we have a snack at the university cafe. After classes I make
myself go to the library where I spend about six hours a week reading for my seminars.
My sister and I come home tired. I always find excuses to put my homework off. Unlike me,
my sister manages to do the housework and get down to homework. I like the idea of going
to bed early, but quite often I have to sit up late, getting ready for my classes. My sister says
that keeping late hours ruins one's health. Of course, I agree.
As my sister and I do not get any time off during the week, we try to relax on the weekends.
One of my greatest pleasures is to lie in bed and read my favourite books. My sister is a
sporty person. To keep herself fit, Betty goes for a run in the park; from time to time she
works out in the gym. I hate staying in, and sometimes on Saturday night my sister takes me
out to a concert or a play. Sometimes we go to a party or to a disco.
Every Monday when I awaken I think I should start a new life. I honestly think that I must
become well-organised and correct my daily routine. I make plans to go to keep-fit classes,
to do shopping with my sister, to do the cleaning and to do a hundred other good things. But
then I remember that I have to call on my school friend in the evening, and I put off my
plans till next Monday. It is always better to start a new life in a week.

Exercise 1. What is your usual day like? Is it very different from this girl's day? 2.
What takes up most of your day? 3. Look at the pictures below and say what can be
said about you and what cannot.
► Example: She usually gets up at six. But I don't. I get up at seven. She usually has
breakfast at eight. So do I. I have breakfast at eight.
seven o'clock eight o'clock

nine o'clock twelve o'clock

seven o'clock nine o'clock

GRAMMAR
How to say time
 При ровном количестве часов в английском языке употребляют структуру
“o’clock”:
It’s seven o’clock. – Семь часов.
 Первые 30 минут употребляют предлог “past”:
It’s ten minutes past two. – Десять минут третьего. (десять минут после 2)
 Вторые 30 минут употребляют предлог “to”:
It’s twenty minutes to five. – Без 20 минут пять. (20 минут до 5)
 Вместо 15 минут часто употребляют слово “четверть”:
It’s a quarter past three. – Четверть четвертого.
It’s a quarter to six. – Без четверти 6.
 Вместо 30 минут часто употребляют слово “половина”:
It’s half past five. – Пловина шестого.
 В некоторых странах пользуются 12 часовым циклом. Но для расписания движения
транспорта используют 24 часовой цикл.
 12.00 o’clock – noon, midday
24.00 o’clock – midnight
approximately 12 noon to 5 pm – afternoon
approximately 5 pm to 10 pm – evening
approximately 10 pm to 6 am – night
approximately 6 am to 12 noon – morning

The Рresent Indefinite (Simple) Tense / Настоящее неопределенное время


– употребляется для выражения действия обычного, постоянного, повторяющегося.

Утвердительная форма Вопросительная форма Отрицательная форма


...  +  I Do/Does ... +  I ? ... do/does not +  I
I play. Do I play? I do not (=don't) play.
Я играю. (обычно, Я играю? Я не играю.
часто,...)
He plays Does he play? He does not play
She she She =(doesn't play)
It it It
We play Do we play? We do not play
You you You =(don't play)
They they They
We live in Russia. – Я живу в России.
I get up at 7 o’clock every morning. – Я встаю в 7 часов каждое утро.
My friend speaks English very well. – Мой друг очень хорошо говорит по-английски.
Обратите внимание на то, что в 3-ем лице ед. числа глагол принимает окончание -s
или - es, которое читается по тем же правилам, что и окончание множественного
числа имен существительных.
Для вопросительных и отрицательных предложений используется вспомогательный
глагол DO или DOES (для 3-го лица ед. числа).
We don’t live in Russia. – Я живу в России.
I don’t get up at 7 o’clock every morning. – Я встаю в 7 часов каждое утро.
My friend doesn’t speak English very well. – Мой друг очень хорошо говорит по-
английски.
Do we live in Russia?
Do I get up at 7 o’clock every morning?
Does my friend speak English very well?
Краткий ответ: Yes, I do./No, I don’t.
Yes, he does./No, he doesn’t.
Обычный, повторяющийся характер действия часто подчеркивается наречиями частотности:
never often
always
15% 30% 75%

0% 50%
100%
rarely sometimes usually
hardly ever

В предложении они стоят между подлежащим и сказуемым.


I always get up at 7 o’clock. - Я всегда встаю в 7 часов.
We sometimes work at weekends. - Мы иногда работаем по выходным.

Уверд.форма Отрицат. Вопросит. Положит. Отрицат.


форма форма ответ ответ
I work I don’t work Do I work? Yes, I do. No, I don’t.
You work You don’t work Do you work? Yes, you do. No, you don’t.
He works He doesn’t work Does he work? Yes, he does. No, he doesn’t.
She works She doesn’t work Does she work? Yes, she does. No, she doesn’t.
It works It doesn’t work Does it work? Yes, it does. No, it doesn’t.
We work We don’t work Do we work? Yes, we do. No, we don’t.
You work You don’t work Do you work? Yes, you do. No, you don’t.
They work They don’t work Do they work? Yes, they do. No, they don’t.
Глагол «иметь – have» в 3-ем лице ед. числа имеет форму «has»:
He has lunch at home. Он обедает дома.
Exercise 2. Write and say the verbs in the 3rd person singular.
1. I get to work − he/she ___________________
2. I work late − he/she _____________________
3. I go to bed − he/she _____________________
4. I make coffee − he/she ___ _______________
5. I entertain − he/she _____________________
6. I dress − he/she ________________________
7. I shave − he/she _______________________
8. I live − he/she _________________________
9. I get up − he/she _______________________
10. I earn − he/she _______________________
11. I leave − he/she _______________________
12. I go home − he/she _____________________
Exercise 3. Look at Philip’s daily routine and make sentences as in the example
Example: Philip gets up at 7 a.m.

Talk about your daily routine. What time do you do those activities? What do you do at
those times?
Exercise 4. Make these sentences true or false for you. Correct the false sentences
Example: I work on Saturdays.  or X I don't work on Saturdays.
1. I get up at 5.30 a.m. 2. I have breakfast in a cafe. 3. I finish work at 7 p.m. 4. I have a
bath in the evening. 5. I go to bed at midnight. 6. I send e-mails every day. 7. I work during
lunchtime. 8. I go on local business trips every month. 9. I work overtime every day. 10. I
give speeches once a year. 11. I work late at night once a week. 12. I entertain foreign
visitors twice a month. 13. I have dinner with customers three times a week. 14. I take work
home twice a week. 15.I make coffee three times a day.
Exercise 5. Make these sentences negative. Use the pronouns “I”, “we”, “you”, “they”.
Example: He lives in a flat. They don't live in a flat.
1. She has a status meeting on Monday. – We _________________________
2. My secretary listens to voice mail in the morning. – I ____________________________
3. He spends the whole day in the office. – They____________________________
4. She does the filing in the afternoon. –I _________________________________
5. My boss works overtime almost every day. – We ________________________________
6. My friend takes work home. – You ___________________________________________
7. Her husband earns a lot of money. – I ________________________________________
8. She works late every Tuesday. – They ________________________________________
9. We entertain visitors every month. – You _____________________________________
10. He gives speeches every week. – I____________________________________
Exercise 6. Match the adverbs with the time expressions

always usually often sometimes seldom never

every morning
once a year
every day
not at all
once every 10
years
twice a week
every Sunday
once a month
Exercise 7. Complete each sentence with an appropriate frequency adverb
1. I see one or two movies every week.  I ____________ go to the movies.
2. I let my friend borrow my car once last year.  I ____________ let my friend borrow
my car.
3. Maria eats sandwiches for breakfast seven days a week.  Maria ____________ eats
sandwiches for breakfast.
4. Visitors to our company every time wait for the Marketing Director for more than one
hour.  Visitors to our company ___________ wait for the Marketing Director.
5. We occasionally have dictations at our English lessons.  Our English teacher
_____________ gives us dictations.
6. If the teacher is on time, the class begins at 8:00 a.m. Once in a while the teacher is a
few minutes late.  The class ______________ begins at 8:00 a.m.
7. The train from Chicago is late 90% of the time.  The train from Chicago is
_____________ on time.
8. In the desert it rains only two days between May and September every year.  It
_____________ rains there in the summer.
Exercise 8. Put the words in the sentences in the correct order
Example: go / We / college / to / Southend. / in − We go to college in Southend.
1. an / in / They / London. / work / in / office −
_________________________________________
2. home. / She / at / works − _________________________________________
3. with / parents. / lives / his / He − _________________________________________
4. I / hospital. / work /a / don't /in − _________________________________________
5. goes /Chicago. / to / university / in / He − _____________________________________
6. in / town / Cambridge. / They / near / live /a − __________________________________
7. work / bank / they / for Anglo-International / London. / in –
_______________________________
8. don’t / I / in / San-Francisco / live –
__________________________________________________
9. he / doesn’t / lunch / have / office / at the –
____________________________________________
10. shorthand / takes / Luisa / in / afternoon / the –
_________________________________________
SPEAKING

Exercise 9. Look at these pictures. They show Joy’s routine at the office, but they are
not in the right order. Listen to Joy describing her routine on the tape. Put the clocks
and the notes in the right order.
Notes: A open the post; B start work; C go home; J do the
filing
D make tea; E type letters; F take shorthand;
G have lunch; H make coffee; I send telexes;
Answer these questions about Joy’s routine with full sentences and write a short story about
what she does at work every day. Use the words in italics.
1. What time does Joy start work? 2. What does she do first? 3. Then what does she do? 4.
What time does she make coffee? 5. What else does she do in the morning? (also) 6. What
time does she have lunch? 7. How does she spend the afternoon? (two things) 8. What time
does she make tea? 9. What time does she go home?
Exercise 10. Translate into English:
1. Я встаю рано. 2. Каждый день я иду в ванную, чищу зубы, принимаю душ,
завтракаю и иду в университет. 3. Я всегда прихожу на занятия вовремя, а мой брат
Стивен почти всегда опаздывает на 15 минут, а иногда и на полчаса. 4. Мы часто
обедаем в кафе, неподалеку от нашего университета. 5. Вечером я люблю смотреть
телевизор. 6. Я ложусь спать в 9 часов, а моя сестра часто засиживается допоздна. 7.
Три раза в неделю я посещаю занятия по аэробике. 8. По-выходным мы обычно
ходим в кинотеатр. 9. Как вы отдыхаете? – Мне нравится почитать книгу, послушать
классическую музыку или просто поспать. 10. После занятий я люблю прогуляться в
парке с друзьями.
Exercise 11. Pair work: Talk about your busiest day. Ask the following and more:
1. What's your busiest day? 2. What do you usually do? 3. What time do you get up? 4.
Where do you usually have breakfast, lunch? 5. What do you usually do after classes? 6.
What time do you usually go home? 7. What do you do at the end of the day? 8. What do
you do in your spare time? 9. What time do you usually go to bed? 10. What activities do
you enjoy? Which do you dislike?
Exercise 12. Imagine you can do what you like and work where you want. Plan your
daily routine. When you are ready tell the class
Exercise 13. Role-play "Making a TV Programme"
Setting: The streets of a big modern city.
Situation: A television crew is making a programme about different lifestyles. The
journalists stop people in the street and interview them. They ask questions about their daily
routine. They try to find out what time they get up, whether they get enough sleep, what they
have for breakfast/dinner/supper, whether they are fussy about food, how they get to work,
whether they are late for work, what time they come back home, who does the
cooking/cleaning/shopping/washing, etc., whether they are more awake in the morning or in
the evening, what time they go to bed, what they do to keep fit, what they do to relax,
whether they have any kind of social life, what puts them in a good mood, whether their
daily routine is always the same.
Characters:
Card I-II – Christian and Christine, the journalists.
Card III-IV – Daniel and Diana, an actor and an actress. Famous and well-known.
Card V – Sheppard, a university student. Not very diligent.
Card VI – Shirley, a model. Willing to make a career.
Card VII – Patricia, a school teacher. Very responsible.
Card VIII – Felicia, a housewife. Has a large family.
Card IX – Raymond, a businessman. Very busy and very rich.
Card X – Letitia, a waitress in a restaurant. Young and carefree.
Card XI – Simon, a professional driver. Works hard and long hours

 Listening [Grammar Chants, unit 4, №4]


Exercise 14. Do You Always Get Up Early?
Do you always get up early? Do you always fix your breakfast?
Yes, I do. Yes, I do. Yes, I do. Yes, I do.
Do you always get up early? Do you always fix your breakfast?
Yes, I do. Yes, I do.
Does he always get up early? Does she always fix her breakfast?
Yes, he always gets up early. Does she always fix her breakfast?
Yes, he gets up very early. Yes, she always fixes breakfast.
I do, too. I do, too.

WRITING
Exercise 15. Learn the spelling of the words in bold type from Introductory Reading
and be ready to write a dictation.
Exercise 16. Write a short description of a) your busiest day; b) your day off; c) your
favourite day in the form of diary notes. Follow the pattern:

Exercise 17. Write a composition or an essay on one of the following topics


1. The Day of My Dream. 2. How I Organise My Time. 3. 'Never put off till tomorrow,
what you can do the day after tomorrow.' (O. Wilde)