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Возьми в дорогу/передай автомеханику

MITSUBISHI
DELICA
SPACE GEAR
CARGO, L400
Модели 2WD&4WD 1994-2007 гг. выпуска
с дизельными двигателями
4M40 (2,8 л) и 4D56 (2,5 л)

Руководство по ремонту
и техническому обслуживанию

СЕРИЯ ПРОФЕССИОНАЛ
Книги издательства Легион-Автодата серии "Профессионал" рекомендованы
к использованию в автосервисах двумя профессиональными сообществами автомо-
бильных диагностов: Союзом автомобильных диагностов и Ассоциацией диагностов,
автоэлектриков и чиптюнеров - АДАКТ.

Москва
Легион-Автодата
2016
УДК 629.314.6
ББК 39.335.52
М70

MITSUBISHI DELICA / SPACE GEAR / CARGO / L400. Модели 2WD&4WD 1994-2007 гг. выпуска с дизель-
ными двигателями 4M40 (2,8 л) и 4D56 (2,5 л). Серия "Профессионал".
Руководство по ремонту и техническому обслуживанию.
- М.: Легион-Автодата, 2016.- 496: ил. ISBN 5-88850-256-1 Код (2705)

Руководство по ремонту MITSUBISHI Delica / Space Gear / Cargo / L400 1994-2007 годов выпуска с право-
сторонним и левосторонним рулевым управлением, оборудованных дизельными двигателями 4M40 (2,8 л) и
4D56 (2,5 л).
Издание содержит руководство по эксплуатации, подробные сведения по техническому обслуживанию ав-
томобиля и диагностике, ремонту и регулировке систем двигателя (в т.ч. ТНВД, электронного управления
(EFI-diesel), запуска, зарядки и турбонаддува), механических и автоматических коробок передач (МКПП и
АКПП), переднего и заднего мостов (включая систему полного привода 4WD), подвески (в т.ч. системы
управления режимами работы амортизаторов (ECS)), рулевого управления, элементов тормозной системы
(включая антиблокировочную систему тормозов (ABS)), кузовных элементов, систем вентиляции и конди-
ционирования (AC), системы пассивной безопасности (SRS).
Приведены инструкции по диагностике 6 электронных систем: управления двигателем, АКПП, ECS, ABS,
АС и SRS.
Описано 123 кода неисправностей Flash и возможные причины их возникновения. Приведены разъемы и
процедуры проверки сигналов на выводах блоков управления различными системами - PinData.
Представлены 135 подробных электросхем (40 систем) для различных вариантов комплектации автомоби-
лей, описание проверок большинства элементов электрооборудования.
Информация для профессиональной диагностики и ремонта электрооборудования различных систем
автомобиля представлена в диагностической онлайн-системе MotorData. Используя быстрые пере-
ходы по интерактивным ссылкам, Вы сможете решить проблему быстрее и сэкономить время. Под-
робности на MotorData.ru
Приведены возможные неисправности и методы их устранения, сопрягаемые размеры основных деталей и
пределы их допустимого износа, рекомендуемые смазочные материалы, рабочие жидкости, необходимые для
технического обслуживания, размеры рекомендуемых и допускаемых к установке шин и дисков.
Книга будет полезна как автовладельцам, начинающим и опытным, так и профессионалам авторемонта и
диагностики. Автовладелец найдет для себя полезными: инструкцию по эксплуатации, техническое обслужи-
вание (с периодичностью и необходимыми материалами), инструкции по самостоятельному ремонту. Про-
фессионалам будут полезны: операции по сложному ремонту, допустимые размеры деталей, данные по диаг-
ностике и подробные схемы электрооборудования.
Книги серии "Профессионал" могут выручить Вас в дороге, если Вам придется пользоваться услугами ав-
тосервиса, незнакомого или малознакомого с особенностями модели Вашего автомобиля. Отдавая авто-
мобиль на СТО, оставьте нашу книгу в автомобиле, и в случае каких-либо затруднений автомеханик сможет
воспользоваться ею, что значительно ускорит ремонт Вашего автомобиля. Качественное изложение мате-
риала позволяет сократить время обслуживания автомобиля и сделать его более эффективным.
Книга предназначена для автовладельцев, персонала СТО и ремонтных мастерских. Книги издательства
"Легион-Автодата" серии "Профессионал" рекомендованы к использованию в автосервисах двумя профес-
сиональными сообществами автомобильных диагностов: Союзом автомобильных диагностов и Ассоциа-
цией диагностов, автоэлектриков и чиптюнеров – АДАКТ.
На сайте www.delicaclub.ru, в разделе "Форум", Вы можете обсудить вопросы эксплуатации, технического
обслуживания и ремонта автомобилей Mitsubishi Delica.
На сайте www.autodata.ru, в разделе "Форум", Вы можете обсудить профессиональные вопросы по ди-
агностике различных систем автомобилей.

Замечания, советы из опыта эксплуатации и ремонта автомо-


© ЗАО "Легион-Автодата" 2006, 2016 билей, рекомендации и отзывы о наших книгах Вы можете на-
E-mail: Legion@autodata.ru править по электронной почте: notes@autodata.ru.
http://www.autodata.ru Готовы рассмотреть предложения по размещению рекламы в
www.motorbooks.ru наших изданиях.
Издание находится под охраной авторского права. Ни одна часть данной
Лицензия ИД №00419 от 10.11.99. публикации не разрешается для воспроизведения, переноса на другие носи-
Подписано в печать 15.01.2016. тели информации и хранения в любой форме, в том числе электронной, ме-
ханической, на лентах или фотокопиях.
5

Ɋɭɤɨɜɨɞɫɬɜɨ ɩɨ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ: ɩɪɢ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɢ ɪɚɛɨɬ ɜ ɫɚɥɨɧɟ ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɹ, ɨɛɨɪɭɞɨɜɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɨɣ ɩɨɞɭɲɟɤ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ
(ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ "SRS"), ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨ ɜɧɢɦɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɦɢ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɧɟ ɩɨɜɪɟɞɢɬɶ ɛɥɨɤ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ "SRS".
ȼɨ ɢɡɛɟɠɚɧɢɟ ɫɥɭɱɚɣɧɨɝɨ ɫɪɚɛɚɬɵɜɚɧɢɹ ɮɪɨɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɩɨɞɭɲɟɤ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɟɪɟɞ ɧɚɱɚɥɨɦ ɪɚɛɨɬ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɟ
ɤɨɥɟɫɚ ɜ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ ɩɪɹɦɨɥɢɧɟɣɧɨɝɨ ɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɡɚɦɨɤ ɡɚɠɢɝɚɧɢɹ ɜ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ "LOCK", ɨɬɫɨɟɞɢɧɢɬɟ ɩɪɨɜɨɞ ɨɬ
ɨɬɪɢɰɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɤɥɟɦɦɵ ɚɤɤɭɦɭɥɹɬɨɪɧɨɣ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɢ ɢ ɩɨɞɨɠɞɢɬɟ ɧɟ ɦɟɧɟɟ 90 ɫɟɤɭɧɞ (ɜɪɟɦɹ ɪɚɡɪɹɞɚ ɪɟɡɟɪɜɧɨɝɨ
ɩɢɬɚɧɢɹ). ɇɟ ɩɵɬɚɣɬɟɫɶ ɪɚɡɛɢɪɚɬɶ ɭɡɟɥ ɩɨɞɭɲɤɢ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ, ɬ.ɤ. ɜ ɞɚɧɧɨɦ ɭɡɥɟ ɧɟɬ ɞɟɬɚɥɟɣ, ɬɪɟɛɭɸɳɢɯ ɨɛ-
ɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɹ. ȿɫɥɢ ɩɨɞɭɲɤɢ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ ɫɪɚɛɚɬɵɜɚɥɢ (ɪɚɡɜɨɪɚɱɢɜɚɥɢɫɶ), ɬɨ ɢɯ ɧɟɥɶɡɹ ɨɬɪɟɦɨɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɢɥɢ
ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶ ɩɨɜɬɨɪɧɨ.

Ʉɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɨ-ɢɡɦɟɪɢɬɟɥɶ- ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ "ON" ɢ ɞɨɥɠɧɚ ɩɨɝɚɫɧɭɬɶ ɢ ɩɨɜɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɸ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ, ɢɡ-ɡɚ ɨɫɨ-


ɩɨɫɥɟ ɡɚɩɭɫɤɚ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ. ɛɟɧɧɨɫɬɟɣ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ (ɞɚɧɧɵɦ
ɧɵɟ ɩɪɢɛɨɪɵ ɢ ɨɪɝɚɧɵ ɛ) ȿɫɥɢ ɜɨ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɹ ɡɚɝɨɪɟ- ɪɟɦɧɟɦ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɧɚɫɨɫ ɨɯɥɚɠ-
ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɥɚɫɶ ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɚɹ ɥɚɦɩɚ, ɬɨ ɫɴɟɞɶɬɟ ɞɚɸɳɟɣ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɢ).
ɫ ɞɨɪɨɝɢ ɢ ɧɟɦɟɞɥɟɧɧɨ ɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɟ ɜ) ȿɫɥɢ ɪɟɦɟɧɶ ɰɟɥ ɢ ɟɝɨ ɧɚɬɹɠɟ-
ɂɧɞɢɤɚɬɨɪɵ ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɶ. Ɉɬɤɪɨɣɬɟ ɤɚɩɨɬ ɢ ɩɪɨ- ɧɢɟ ɜ ɧɨɪɦɟ, ɬɨ ɧɟɢɫɩɪɚɜɧɚ ɫɢɫɬɟ-
ɢ ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɵɟ ɥɚɦɩɵ ɜɟɪɶɬɟ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ ɪɟɦɧɟɣ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɚ ɦɚ ɡɚɪɹɞɤɢ. ȼ ɷɬɨɦ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɞɜɢɝɚ-
1. Ʉɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɚɹ ɥɚɦɩɚ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɧɨɣ ɫɢɫ- ɝɟɧɟɪɚɬɨɪɚ. ȿɫɥɢ ɪɟɦɧɢ ɨɛɨɪɜɚɧɵ ɬɟɥɶ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɩɪɨɞɨɥɠɚɬɶ ɪɚɛɨɬɚɬɶ,
ɬɟɦɵ. ɢɥɢ ɨɫɥɚɛɥɟɧɵ, ɬɨ ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɶ ɧɟ- ɩɨɤɚ ɚɤɤɭɦɭɥɹɬɨɪɧɚɹ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɹ ɩɨɥ-
ɚ) Ʉɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɚɹ ɥɚɦɩɚ ɡɚɝɨɪɚɟɬɫɹ ɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɨɬɛɭɤɫɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɢɥɢ ɷɜɚ- ɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɧɟ ɪɚɡɪɹɞɢɬɫɹ. ȼɵɤɥɸɱɢɬɟ
ɩɪɢ ɩɨɜɨɪɨɬɟ ɤɥɸɱɚ ɜ ɡɚɦɤɟ ɡɚɠɢɝɚ- ɤɭɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɞɥɹ ɪɟɦɨɧɬɚ. ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɨɛɨɪɭɞɨ-
ɧɢɹ ɜ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ "ON" ɢ ɝɚɫɧɟɬ ɩɨ- ȼɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ: ɪɚɛɨɬɚ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ, ɤɨɝɞɚ ɜɚɧɢɟ (ɤɨɧɞɢɰɢɨɧɟɪ, ɜɟɧɬɢɥɹɬɨɪ
ɫɥɟ ɩɭɫɤɚ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ. ɪɟɦɟɧɶ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɚ ɝɟɧɟɪɚɬɨɪɚ ɨɛɨɪɜɚɧ ɨɬɨɩɢɬɟɥɹ, ɦɚɝɧɢɬɨɥɭ ɢ ɞɪ.) ɢ ɞɜɢ-
ɛ) Ⱦɚɥɟɟ ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɚɹ ɥɚɦɩɚ ɡɚɝɨ- ɢɥɢ ɨɫɥɚɛɥɟɧ, ɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɬ ɤ ɩɟɪɟɝɪɟɜɭ ɝɚɣɬɟɫɶ ɤ ɦɟɫɬɭ ɪɟɦɨɧɬɚ.
ɪɚɟɬɫɹ ɢɥɢ ɨɫɬɚɟɬɫɹ ɝɨɪɟɬɶ ɜ ɫɥɭ-
ɱɚɟ, ɟɫɥɢ:
- ɫɬɨɹɧɨɱɧɵɣ ɬɨɪɦɨɡ ɜɤɥɸɱɟɧ;
- ɧɢɡɤɢɣ ɭɪɨɜɟɧɶ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɧɨɣ ɠɢɞɤɨ-
ɫɬɢ ɢɥɢ ɧɚɪɭɲɟɧɚ ɝɟɪɦɟɬɢɱɧɨɫɬɶ
ɜɚɤɭɭɦɧɨɝɨ ɭɫɢɥɢɬɟɥɹ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɨɜ;
- ɧɟɢɫɩɪɚɜɧɚ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɰɟɩɶ
ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɨɣ ɥɚɦɩɵ.
ɜ) ȿɫɥɢ ɜɨ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɹ ɡɚɝɨ-
ɪɟɥɚɫɶ ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɚɹ ɥɚɦɩɚ, ɬɨ
ɭɦɟɧɶɲɢɬɟ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɶ, ɫɴɟɞɶɬɟ ɫ ɞɨ-
ɪɨɝɢ ɢ ɨɫɬɨɪɨɠɧɨ ɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɟ ɚɜ-
ɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɶ. ɋɧɢɡɢɬɶ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɶ ɦɨɠɧɨ
ɬɨɪɦɨɠɟɧɢɟɦ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɟɦ ɢ ɩɪɢɦɟ-
ɧɟɧɢɟɦ ɫɬɨɹɧɨɱɧɨɝɨ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɚ, ɧɨ ɧɟ
ɡɚɛɭɞɶɬɟ ɩɪɢ ɷɬɨɦ ɫɥɟɝɤɚ ɧɚɠɚɬɶ
ɧɚ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɧɭɸ ɩɟɞɚɥɶ ɞɥɹ ɜɤɥɸɱɟ-
ɧɢɹ ɫɬɨɩ-ɫɢɝɧɚɥɨɜ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɩɪɟɞɭ-
ɩɪɟɞɢɬɶ ɨ ɬɨɪɦɨɠɟɧɢɢ ɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɟɣ,
ɟɞɭɳɢɯ ɫɡɚɞɢ.
- ɉɪɨɜɟɪɶɬɟ ɫɬɨɹɧɨɱɧɵɣ ɬɨɪɦɨɡ,
ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨ, ɨɧ ɜɤɥɸɱɟɧ. ȿɫɥɢ ɫɬɨɹ-
ɧɨɱɧɵɣ ɬɨɪɦɨɡ ɜɵɤɥɸɱɟɧ ɢɥɢ ɤɨɧ-
ɬɪɨɥɶɧɚɹ ɥɚɦɩɚ ɝɨɪɢɬ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɟɝɨ
ɜɵɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɹ, ɬɨ ɜɨɡɧɢɤɥɚ ɧɟɢɫ-
ɩɪɚɜɧɨɫɬɶ ɜ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɧɨɣ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɟ.
- ɉɪɨɜɟɪɶɬɟ ɭɪɨɜɟɧɶ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɧɨɣ
ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɢ ɜ ɛɚɱɤɟ.
- ȿɫɥɢ ɭɪɨɜɟɧɶ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɧɨɣ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɢ
ɧɢɡɨɤ, ɬɨ ɜ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɦ ɦɟɫɬɟ ɩɪɨ-
ɜɟɪɶɬɟ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɶ ɬɨɪɦɨɠɟɧɢɹ Ʉɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɨ ɢɡɦɟɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɩɪɢɛɨɪɵ ɢ ɨɪɝɚɧɵ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɫ ɩɪɚ-
ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɹ. ȿɫɥɢ ȼɵ ɫɱɢɬɚɟɬɟ, ɱɬɨ ɜɵɦ ɪɭɥɟɦ). 1 - ɛɥɨɤ ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɭɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɟɣ, 2 - ɩɚɧɟɥɶ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ
ɬɨɪɦɨɡɚ ɜɫɟ ɟɳɟ ɪɚɛɨɬɚɸɬ ɞɨɫɬɚ- ɨɬɨɩɢɬɟɥɟɦ ɢ ɤɨɧɞɢɰɢɨɧɟɪɨɦ, 3 - ɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ ɨɛɨɝɪɟɜɚɬɟɥɹ ɡɚɞɧɟɝɨ ɫɬɟɤ-
ɬɨɱɧɨ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨ, ɬɨ ɨɫɬɨɪɨɠɧɨ ɥɚ, 4 - ɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ ɚɜɚɪɢɣɧɨɣ ɫɢɝɧɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ, 5 - ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ ɪɟɠɢɦɨɜ
ɞɨɜɟɞɢɬɟ ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɶ ɞɨ ɛɥɢɠɚɣɲɟ- ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ECS, 6 - ɪɵɱɚɝ ɫɟɥɟɤɬɨɪɚ ȺɄɉɉ ɢɥɢ ɪɵɱɚɝ ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɹ
ɝɨ ɦɟɫɬɚ ɪɟɦɨɧɬɚ. ȿɫɥɢ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɚ ɧɟ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱ ɆɄɉɉ (2WD), 7 - ɤɨɦɛɢɧɚɰɢɹ ɩɪɢɛɨɪɨɜ, 8 - ɪɟɨɫɬɚɬ ɩɨɞɫɜɟɬɤɢ ɤɨɦɛɢ-
ɪɚɛɨɬɚɸɬ, ɬɨ ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɶ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢ- ɧɚɰɢɢ ɩɪɢɛɨɪɨɜ, 9 - ɪɭɱɤɚ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɨɛɨɪɨɬɨɜ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ, 10 - ɩɨɞɪɭɥɟ-
ɦɨ ɨɬɛɭɤɫɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɢɥɢ ɷɜɚɤɭɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɜɨɣ ɤɨɦɛɢɧɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɣ ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ (ɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ ɧɚɪɭɠɧɨɝɨ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɢɹ,
ɞɥɹ ɪɟɦɨɧɬɚ. ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ ɫɜɟɬɚ ɮɚɪ, ɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ ɭɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɟɣ ɩɨɜɨɪɨɬɚ),
11 - ɡɚɦɨɤ ɡɚɠɢɝɚɧɢɹ, 12 - ɮɪɨɧɬɚɥɶɧɚɹ ɩɨɞɭɲɤɚ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ ɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɹ,
ȼɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ: ɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɟ ɧɚ ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɟ ɫ 13 - ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɛɨɤɨɜɵɦɢ ɡɟɪɤɚɥɚɦɢ ɡɚɞɧɟɝɨ ɜɢɞɚ,
ɧɢɡɤɢɦ ɭɪɨɜɧɟɦ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɧɨɣ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɢ 14 - ɝɥɚɜɧɵɣ ɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɰɟɧɬɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɛɥɨɤɢɪɨɜɤɢ ɡɚɦɤɨɜ ɞɜɟ-
ɤɪɚɣɧɟ ɨɩɚɫɧɨ. ɪɟɣ, 15 - ɝɥɚɜɧɵɣ ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ ɫɬɟɤɥɨɩɨɞɴɟɦɧɢɤɨɜ, 16 - ɞɟɪɠɚɬɟɥɶ ɫɬɚɤɚ-
- ȿɫɥɢ ɭɪɨɜɟɧɶ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɧɨɣ ɠɢɞɤɨ- ɧɨɜ, 17 - ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ ɪɟɠɢɦɨɜ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ȺɄɉɉ, 18 - ɪɭɱɤɚ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɡɚ-
ɫɬɢ ɜ ɧɨɪɦɟ, ɬɨ, ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨ, ɧɟɷɮ- ɫɥɨɧɤɨɣ ɜɩɭɫɤɧɨɝɨ ɜɨɡɞɭɯɨɜɨɞɚ, 19 - ɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ ɩɟɪɟɞɧɢɯ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɬɭɦɚɧ-
ɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨ ɪɚɛɨɬɚɟɬ ɜɚɤɭɭɦɧɵɣ ɧɵɯ ɮɚɪ, 20 - ɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɩɪɢɜɨɞɚ ɜɵɞɜɢɠɧɨɣ ɛɨɤɨɜɨɣ ɩɨɞɧɨɠɤɢ,
ɭɫɢɥɢɬɟɥɶ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɨɜ ɢɥɢ ɧɟɢɫ- 21 - ɩɨɞɪɭɥɟɜɨɣ ɤɨɦɛɢɧɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɣ ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ (ɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ ɨɱɢɫɬɢɬɟ-
ɩɪɚɜɧɚ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɰɟɩɶ ɤɨɧ- ɥɟɣ ɢ ɨɦɵɜɚɬɟɥɟɣ), 22 - ɮɪɨɧɬɚɥɶɧɚɹ ɩɨɞɭɲɤɚ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɚɫɫɚɠɢɪɚ,
ɬɪɨɥɶɧɨɣ ɥɚɦɩɵ. 23 - ɫɢɝɧɚɥɶɧɚɹ ɲɚɲɤɚ ("ɮɚɥɶɲɮɟɣɟɪ"), 24 - ɜɟɳɟɜɨɣ ɹɳɢɤ, 25 - ɱɚɫɵ,
2. Ʉɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɚɹ ɥɚɦɩɚ ɪɚɡɪɹɞɚ ɚɤɤɭɦɭ- 26 - ɦɚɝɧɢɬɨɥɚ, 27 - ɩɟɩɟɥɶɧɢɰɚ, 28 - ɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɢ ɨɛɨɝɪɟɜɚɬɟɥɟɣ ɩɟɪɟɞɧɢɯ
ɥɹɬɨɪɧɨɣ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɢ. ɫɢɞɟɧɢɣ, 29 - ɹɳɢɤ ɧɚɩɨɥɶɧɨɣ ɤɨɧɫɨɥɢ, 30 - ɞɟɪɠɚɬɟɥɶ ɤɪɟɞɢɬɧɵɯ ɤɚɪɬ,
ɚ) Ʉɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɚɹ ɥɚɦɩɚ ɡɚɝɨɪɚɟɬɫɹ ɩɪɢ 31 - ɩɪɢɤɭɪɢɜɚɬɟɥɶ, 32 - ɪɵɱɚɝ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɪɚɡɞɚɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɤɨɪɨɛɤɨɣ, 33 - ɪɵɱɚɝ
ɩɨɜɨɪɨɬɟ ɤɥɸɱɚ ɜ ɡɚɦɤɟ ɡɚɠɢɝɚɧɢɹ ɜ ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɹ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱ ɆɄɉɉ (4WD), 34 - ɪɵɱɚɝ ɫɬɨɹɧɨɱɧɨɝɨ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɚ.
 

  
 
  

   

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207

Ɇɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɤɨɪɨɛɤɚ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱ


Ɍɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɢ Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤ Ʉɉɉ.
ɧɚ ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɟ Ⱦɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ 4D56 4D56 4D56 4D56 4M40
Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ VAN VAN WAGON WAGON WAGON
ȼɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ: ɩɪɨɰɟɞɭɪɵ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɤɢ ɭɪɨɜɧɹ
ɢ ɡɚɦɟɧɵ ɦɚɫɥɚ ɜ Ʉɉɉ ɢ ɪɚɡɞɚɬɨɱɧɨɣ Ʉɉɉ R5M21-7 V5M21-7 R5M31-7 V5M31-7 V5M31-7
ɤɨɪɨɛɤɟ ɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɧɵ ɜ ɝɥɚɜɟ "Ɍɟɯɧɢɱɟɫ- 1-ɹ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɚ Ʉɉɉ 3,967 3,967 3,952 3,952 3,952
ɤɨɟ ɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɟ ɢ ɨɛɳɢɟ ɩɪɨɰɟɞɭɪɵ 2-ɹ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɚ Ʉɉɉ 2,136 2,136 2,238 2,238 2,238
ɩɪɨɜɟɪɨɤ ɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɨɤ". 3-ɹ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɚ Ʉɉɉ 1,360 1,360 1,398 1,398 1,398
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɞɚɬɱɢɤɨɜ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ 4-ɹ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɚ Ʉɉɉ 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɩɨɥɧɵɦ ɩɪɢɜɨ- 5-ɹ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɚ Ʉɉɉ 0,856 0,856 0,761 0,761 0,761
ɞɨɦ (4WD) (Part Time 4WD) ɉɟɪɟɞɚɱɚ ɡɚɞɧɟɝɨ ɯɨɞɚ Ʉɉɉ 3,578 3,578 3,553 3,553 3,553
ɉɪɹɦɚɹ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɚ ɪɚɡɞɚɬɨɱ- - 1,000 - 1,000 1,000
ɧɨɣ ɤɨɪɨɛɤɢ
ɉɨɧɢɠɟɧɧɚɹ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɚ ɪɚɡ- - 1,925 - 1,900 1,900
ɞɚɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɤɨɪɨɛɤɢ
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɶɬɟ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ ɰɟɩɢ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɜɵ- ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɞɚɬɱɢɤɨɜ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ
ɜɨɞɨɦ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɟɝɨ ɪɚɡɴɟɦɚ ɧɚ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɩɨɥɧɵɦ ɩɪɢɜɨ-
ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ ɤɚɪɬɟɪɚ ɪɚɡɞɚɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɤɨ-
ɪɨɛɤɢ ("ɦɚɫɫɨɣ"). ɞɨɦ (Super Select 4WD)
1. ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɞɚɬɱɢɤɚ ɜɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɠɢ-
ɦɚ 4WD (ɱɟɪɧɵɣ ɪɚɡɴɟɦ).
ɚ) ɉɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ "2H" ɪɵɱɚɝɚ ɭɩɪɚɜ-
ɥɟɧɢɹ ɪɚɡɞɚɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɤɨɪɨɛɤɨɣ ɫɨɨɬ-
ɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɪɚɡɨɦɤɧɭɬɨɦɭ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɸ
ɰɟɩɢ.
ɛ) ɉɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ "4H" ɪɵɱɚɝɚ ɭɩɪɚɜ-
ɥɟɧɢɹ ɪɚɡɞɚɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɤɨɪɨɛɤɨɣ ɫɨɨɬ-
ɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɡɚɦɤɧɭɬɨɦɭ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɸ
ɰɟɩɢ.
2. ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɞɚɬɱɢɤɚ ɜɵɛɨɪɚ ɪɟɠɢɦɚ
HIGH/LOW (ɫɟɪɵɣ ɪɚɡɴɟɦ).
ɚ) ɉɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ "4H" ɪɵɱɚɝɚ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ Ɋɚɫɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ ɞɚɬɱɢɤɨɜ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ
ɪɚɡɞɚɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɤɨɪɨɛɤɨɣ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɩɨɥɧɵɦ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɨɦ
ɡɚɦɤɧɭɬɨɦɭ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɸ ɰɟɩɢ. (ɆɄɉɉ V5M31). 1 - ɞɚɬɱɢɤ ɜɵɛɨɪɚ
ɛ) ɉɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ "4L" ɪɵɱɚɝɚ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɠɢɦɚ ɛɥɨɤɢɪɨɜɤɢ ɦɟɠɨɫɟɜɨɝɨ
ɪɚɡɞɚɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɤɨɪɨɛɤɨɣ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɞɢɮɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɚɥɚ, 2 - ɞɚɬɱɢɤ ɜɵɛɨɪɚ
ɡɚɦɤɧɭɬɨɦɭ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɸ ɰɟɩɢ. ɪɟɠɢɦɚ 2WD/4WD, 3 - ɞɚɬɱɢɤ ɜɤɥɸ-
Ɋɚɫɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ ɞɚɬɱɢɤɨɜ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɱɟɧɢɹ ɛɥɨɤɢɪɨɜɤɢ ɦɟɠɨɫɟɜɨɝɨ
ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɩɨɥɧɵɦ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɨɦ. ɜ) ɉɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ ɪɵɱɚɝɚ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ
ɪɚɡɞɚɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɤɨɪɨɛɤɨɣ ɦɟɠɞɭ "4H" ɢ ɞɢɮɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɚɥɚ, 4 - ɞɚɬɱɢɤ ɜɤɥɸ-
1 - ɞɚɬɱɢɤ ɜɵɛɨɪɚ ɪɟɠɢɦɚ HI/LO, ɱɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɠɢɦɚ 4WD, 5 - ɞɚɬɱɢɤ
2 - ɞɚɬɱɢɤ ɜɵɛɨɪɚ ɪɟɠɢɦɚ 2WD/4WD. "4L" ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɪɚɡɨɦɤɧɭɬɨɦɭ ɫɨ-
ɫɬɨɹɧɢɸ ɰɟɩɢ. ɜɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɠɢɦɚ HI/LO.

Ɋɚɡɪɟɡ ɤɨɪɨɛɤɢ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱ V5M21-7 (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɫ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɨɣ Part Time 4WD). 1 - ɦɭɮɬɚ ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɹ 3-4 ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱ, 2 - ɦɭɮɬɚ
ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɹ 1-2 ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱ, 3 - ɲɟɫɬɟɪɧɹ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɢ ɡɚɞɧɟɝɨ ɯɨɞɚ, 4 - ɜɟɞɭɳɚɹ ɲɟɫɬɟɪɧɹ ɪɚɡɞɚɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɤɨɪɨɛɤɢ, 5 - ɦɭɮ-
ɬɚ ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɠɢɦɨɜ HI/LO, 6 - ɲɟɫɬɟɪɧɹ ɩɨɧɢɠɚɸɳɟɣ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɢ, 7 - ɦɭɮɬɚ ɜɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɹ ɩɟɪɟɞɧɟɝɨ ɦɨɫɬɚ, 8 - ɜɟ-
ɞɭɳɚɹ ɡɜɟɡɞɨɱɤɚ, 9 - ɰɟɩɶ, 10 - ɜɚɥ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɚ ɡɚɞɧɟɝɨ ɦɨɫɬɚ, 11 - ɲɟɫɬɟɪɧɹ ɩɪɨɦɟɠɭɬɨɱɧɨɝɨ ɜɚɥɚ, 12 - ɜɚɥ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɚ ɩɟ-
ɪɟɞɧɟɝɨ ɦɨɫɬɚ, 13 - ɜɚɥ ɩɪɨɦɟɠɭɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɲɟɫɬɟɪɧɢ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɢ ɡɚɞɧɟɝɨ ɯɨɞɚ, 14 - ɩɪɨɦɟɠɭɬɨɱɧɵɣ ɜɚɥ Ʉɉɉ.

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ȼɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ: ɫɨɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹ, ɨɬɦɟɱɟɧɧɵɟ ɡɧɚɤɨɦ "∗", ɫɥɟ- ȼɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ: ɫɨɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹ, ɨɬɦɟɱɟɧɧɵɟ ɡɧɚɤɨɦ "∗", ɫɥɟ-
ɞɭɟɬ ɫɧɚɱɚɥɚ ɡɚɬɹɧɭɬɶ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ, ɚ ɞɭɟɬ ɫɧɚɱɚɥɚ ɡɚɬɹɧɭɬɶ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ, ɚ
ɨɤɨɧɱɚɬɟɥɶɧɭɸ ɡɚɬɹɠɤɭ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɫɬɢ ɧɚ ɧɟɡɚɝɪɭɠɟɧ- ɨɤɨɧɱɚɬɟɥɶɧɭɸ ɡɚɬɹɠɤɭ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɫɬɢ ɧɚ ɧɟɡɚɝɪɭɠɟɧ-
ɧɨɦ ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɟ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɨɩɭɫɤɚɧɢɹ ɟɝɨ ɧɚ ɤɨɥɟɫɚ. ɧɨɦ ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɟ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɨɩɭɫɤɚɧɢɹ ɟɝɨ ɧɚ ɤɨɥɟɫɚ.
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ɇɚɪɭɠɧɵɟ ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɵ ɤɭɡɨɜɚ


ɉɟɪɟɞɧɢɣ ɛɚɦɩɟɪ Ɂɚɞɧɢɣ ɛɚɦɩɟɪ Ɋɟɲɟɬɤɚ ɪɚɞɢɚɬɨɪɚ,
ɋɧɹɬɢɟ ɢ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚ ɋɧɹɬɢɟ ɢ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚ
ɧɚɤɥɚɞɤɢ ɢ ɦɨɥɞɢɧɝɢ
• ɉɟɪɟɞ ɧɚɱɚɥɨɦ ɫɧɹɬɢɹ ɞɟɬɚɥɟɣ ɜɵ- • ɉɟɪɟɞ ɧɚɱɚɥɨɦ ɫɧɹɬɢɹ ɞɟɬɚɥɟɣ ɜɵ- ɋɧɹɬɢɟ ɢ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚ
ɩɨɥɧɢɬɟ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɢ: ɩɨɥɧɢɬɟ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɢ: • ɉɟɪɟɞ ɧɚɱɚɥɨɦ ɫɧɹɬɢɹ ɞɟɬɚɥɟɣ ɜɵ-
ɚ) ɋɧɢɦɢɬɟ ɛɪɵɡɝɨɡɚɳɢɬɧɵɣ ɳɢɬɨɤ. ɚ) ɋɧɢɦɢɬɟ ɧɢɠɧɸɸ ɨɛɥɢɰɨɜɤɭ ɫɬɨɣɤɢ ɩɨɥɧɢɬɟ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɢ:
ɛ) ɋɧɢɦɢɬɟ ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ ɡɚɳɢɬ- ɩɪɨɟɦɚ ɡɚɞɧɟɣ ɞɜɟɪɢ. ɚ) ɋɧɢɦɢɬɟ ɜɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɜɨɡɞɭɯɨɜɨɞ
ɧɵɣ ɤɨɠɭɯ. ɛ) ɋɧɢɦɢɬɟ ɛɚɱɨɤ ɡɚɞɧɟɝɨ ɨɦɵɜɚɬɟɥɹ. ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɜɟɧɬɢɥɹɰɢɢ.
• ɋɧɹɬɢɟ ɞɟɬɚɥɟɣ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɜ • ɋɧɹɬɢɟ ɞɟɬɚɥɟɣ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɜ ɛ) ɋɧɢɦɢɬɟ ɨɛɥɢɰɨɜɤɭ ɡɚɞɧɟɣ ɞɜɟɪɢ.
ɩɨɪɹɞɤɟ ɧɨɦɟɪɨɜ, ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɨɦ ɧɚ ɪɢ- ɩɨɪɹɞɤɟ ɧɨɦɟɪɨɜ, ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɨɦ ɧɚ ɪɢ- • ɋɧɹɬɢɟ ɞɟɬɚɥɟɣ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɜ
ɫɭɧɤɟ "ɋɧɹɬɢɟ ɩɟɪɟɞɧɟɝɨ ɛɚɦɩɟɪɚ". ɫɭɧɤɟ "ɋɧɹɬɢɟ ɡɚɞɧɟɝɨ ɛɚɦɩɟɪɚ". ɩɨɪɹɞɤɟ ɧɨɦɟɪɨɜ, ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɨɦ ɧɚ ɪɢ-
• ɍɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚ ɞɟɬɚɥɟɣ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɜ • ɍɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚ ɞɟɬɚɥɟɣ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɜ ɫɭɧɤɟ "ɋɧɹɬɢɟ ɪɟɲɟɬɤɢ ɪɚɞɢɚɬɨɪɚ, ɧɚ-
ɩɨɪɹɞɤɟ, ɨɛɪɚɬɧɨɦ ɫɧɹɬɢɸ. ɩɨɪɹɞɤɟ, ɨɛɪɚɬɧɨɦ ɫɧɹɬɢɸ. ɤɥɚɞɨɤ ɢ ɦɨɥɞɢɧɝɨɜ".
• ɉɨɫɥɟ ɡɚɜɟɪɲɟɧɢɹ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ ɞɟɬɚ- • ɉɨɫɥɟ ɡɚɜɟɪɲɟɧɢɹ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ ɞɟɬɚ- • ɍɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚ ɞɟɬɚɥɟɣ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɜ
ɥɟɣ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɬɟ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɢ: ɥɟɣ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɬɟ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɢ: ɩɨɪɹɞɤɟ, ɨɛɪɚɬɧɨɦ ɫɧɹɬɢɸ.
ɚ) ɍɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɟ ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ ɡɚ- ɚ) ɍɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɟ ɛɚɱɨɤ ɡɚɞɧɟɝɨ ɨɦɵɜɚ- • ɉɨɫɥɟ ɡɚɜɟɪɲɟɧɢɹ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ ɞɟɬɚ-
ɳɢɬɧɵɣ ɤɨɠɭɯ. ɬɟɥɹ. ɥɟɣ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɬɟ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɢ:
ɛ) ɍɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɟ ɛɪɵɡɝɨɡɚɳɢɬɧɵɣ ɳɢ- ɛ) ɍɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɟ ɧɢɠɧɸɸ ɨɛɥɢɰɨɜɤɭ ɚ) ɍɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɟ ɨɛɥɢɰɨɜɤɭ ɡɚɞɧɟɣ
ɬɨɤ. ɫɬɨɣɤɢ ɩɪɨɟɦɚ ɡɚɞɧɟɣ ɞɜɟɪɢ. ɞɜɟɪɢ.
ɛ) ɍɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɟ ɜɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɜɨɡɞɭɯɨɜɨɞ
ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɜɟɧɬɢɥɹɰɢɢ.

Ɉɱɢɫɬɢɬɟɥɶ ɢ ɨɦɵɜɚɬɟɥɶ
ɜɟɬɪɨɜɨɝɨ ɫɬɟɤɥɚ
ɋɧɹɬɢɟ ɢ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚ
ɉɪɢɦɟɱɚɧɢɟ: ɫɧɹɬɢɟ ɩɨɞɪɭɥɟɜɨɝɨ ɤɨɦ-
ɛɢɧɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɹ ɩɪɢɜɟ-
ɞɟɧɨ ɜ ɝɥɚɜɟ "Ɋɭɥɟɜɨɟ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ".
• ɉɟɪɟɞ ɧɚɱɚɥɨɦ ɫɧɹɬɢɹ ɞɟɬɚɥɟɣ ɜɵ-
ɩɨɥɧɢɬɟ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɢ:
ɚ) ɋɧɢɦɢɬɟ ɜɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɜɨɡɞɭɯɨɜɨɞ
ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɜɟɧɬɢɥɹɰɢɢ.
ɛ) ɋɧɢɦɢɬɟ ɪɚɫɲɢɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ ɛɚɱɨɤ.
ɜ) ɋɧɢɦɢɬɟ ɛɪɵɡɝɨɡɚɳɢɬɧɵɣ ɳɢɬɨɤ
(ɩɨɞɤɪɵɥɨɤ).
• ɋɧɹɬɢɟ ɞɟɬɚɥɟɣ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɜ
ɩɨɪɹɞɤɟ ɧɨɦɟɪɨɜ, ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɨɦ ɧɚ ɪɢ-
ɋɧɹɬɢɟ ɩɟɪɟɞɧɟɝɨ ɛɚɦɩɟɪɚ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɜɵɩɭɫɤɚ ɞɨ 06.1997 ɝ.). 1 - ɩɟɪɟɞɧɢɣ ɫɭɧɤɟ "ɋɧɹɬɢɟ ɨɱɢɫɬɢɬɟɥɹ ɢ ɨɦɵɜɚ-
ɭɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɶ ɩɨɜɨɪɨɬɚ, 2 - ɪɟɲɟɬɤɚ ɪɚɞɢɚɬɨɪɚ, 3 - ɛɨɤɨɜɨɣ ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬ ɞɨɩɨɥ- ɬɟɥɹ ɜɟɬɪɨɜɨɝɨ ɫɬɟɤɥɚ".
ɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɡɚɳɢɬɧɨɝɨ ɤɨɠɭɯɚ, 4 - ɨɛɥɢɰɨɜɤɚ ɩɟɪɟɞɧɟɝɨ ɛɚɦɩɟɪɚ, 5 - ɩɪɨ- • ɍɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚ ɞɟɬɚɥɟɣ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɜ
ɬɢɜɨɬɭɦɚɧɧɚɹ ɮɚɪɚ, 6 - ɤɪɨɧɲɬɟɣɧ ɤɪɟɩɥɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɬɭɦɚɧɧɨɣ ɮɚɪɵ, ɩɨɪɹɞɤɟ, ɨɛɪɚɬɧɨɦ ɫɧɹɬɢɸ.
7 - ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬ ɠɟɫɬɤɨɫɬɢ ɩɟɪɟɞɧɟɝɨ ɛɚɦɩɟɪɚ, 8 - ɤɪɨɧɲɬɟɣɧ ɤɪɟɩɥɟɧɢɹ ɧɨɦɟɪ- • ɉɪɢ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɟ ɞɟɬɚɥɟɣ ɨɛɪɚɬɢɬɟ
ɧɨɝɨ ɡɧɚɤɚ, 9 - ɞɟɤɨɪɚɬɢɜɧɚɹ ɪɟɲɟɬɤɚ ɛɚɦɩɟɪɚ, 10 - ɫɟɬɤɚ. ɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ ɧɚ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɸ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ
ɪɵɱɚɝɚ ɳɟɬɤɢ ɢ ɳɟɬɤɢ ɫɬɟɤɥɨɨɱɢɫɬɢ-
ɬɟɥɹ.
ɍɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɟ ɪɵɱɚɝɢ ɳɟɬɨɤ ɢ ɳɟɬɤɢ
ɫɬɟɤɥɨɨɱɢɫɬɢɬɟɥɹ ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ ɜ ɩɨɥɨɠɟ-
ɧɢɟ, ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɨɟ ɧɚ ɪɢɫɭɧɤɟ.
ɇɨɦɢɧɚɥɶɧɨɟ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ:
"Ⱥ" ........................................ 60 ± 5 ɦɦ
"ȼ" ........................................ 30 ± 5 ɦɦ
ɉɪɢɦɟɱɚɧɢɟ: ɞɥɹ ɦɨɞɟɥɟɣ ɫ ɥɟɜɵɦ
ɪɭɥɟɦ ɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɧɧɵɣ ɧɢɠɟ ɪɢɫɭɧɨɤ ɹɜ-
ɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɡɟɪɤɚɥɶɧɵɦ ɨɬɨɛɪɚɠɟɧɢɟɦ.

• ɉɨɫɥɟ ɡɚɜɟɪɲɟɧɢɹ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ ɞɟɬɚ-


ɥɟɣ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɬɟ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɢ:
ɚ) ɍɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɟ ɛɪɵɡɝɨɡɚɳɢɬɧɵɣ ɳɢ-
ɋɧɹɬɢɟ ɩɟɪɟɞɧɟɝɨ ɛɚɦɩɟɪɚ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɜɵɩɭɫɤɚ ɫ 07.1997 ɝ.). 1 - ɮɢɤɫɚɬɨɪ, ɬɨɤ (ɩɨɞɤɪɵɥɨɤ).
2 - ɜɢɧɬ, 3 - ɛɨɥɬ, 4 - ɮɢɤɫɚɬɨɪ, 5 - ɛɨɥɬ, 6 - ɮɢɤɫɚɬɨɪ, 7 - ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɚɹ ɝɚɣɤɚ, ɛ) ɍɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɟ ɪɚɫɲɢɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ ɛɚ-
8 - ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬ ɠɟɫɬɤɨɫɬɢ ɩɟɪɟɞɧɟɝɨ ɛɚɦɩɟɪɚ, 9 - ɫɟɬɤɚ, 10 - ɧɚɤɥɚɞɤɚ ɩɟɪɟɞɧɟɝɨ ɱɨɤ.
ɛɚɦɩɟɪɚ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ 4WD), 11 - ɤɪɨɧɲɬɟɣɧ ɤɪɟɩɥɟɧɢɹ ɧɨɦɟɪɧɨɝɨ ɡɧɚɤɚ, 12 - ɨɛ- ɜ) ɍɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɟ ɜɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɜɨɡɞɭɯɨɜɨɞ
ɥɢɰɨɜɤɚ ɩɟɪɟɞɧɟɝɨ ɛɚɦɩɟɪɚ, 13 - ɤɪɨɧɲɬɟɣɧ ɤɪɟɩɥɟɧɢɹ ɩɟɪɟɞɧɟɝɨ ɛɚɦɩɟɪɚ. ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɜɟɧɬɢɥɹɰɢɢ.
426 Схемы электрооборудования (модели выпуска с 1998 г.)
486 Схемы электрооборудования
Схемы электрооборудования (некоторые схемы для моделей выпуска с 1994 г.)
490 ɋɯɟɦɵ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɨɛɨɪɭɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ
Ɋɚɫɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ ɪɚɡɴɟɦɨɜ ɜ ɦɨɬɨɪɧɨɦ ɨɬɫɟɤɟ
ɉɪɢɦɟɱɚɧɢɟ: ɧɚ ɪɢɫɭɧɤɚɯ ɫɢɦɜɨɥɨɦ "z" ɨɬɦɟɱɟɧɵ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɟ ɬɨɱɤɢ ɤɪɟɩɥɟɧɢɹ ɠɝɭɬɚ ɩɪɨɜɨɞɨɜ; ɫɢɦɜɨɥɨɦ "¿"
ɨɬɦɟɱɟɧɵ ɨɬɥɢɱɢɹ ɞɥɹ ɦɨɞɟɥɟɣ 2WD.
Ⱦɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ 4M40 ɛɟɡ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ EFI
493

ɋɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɟ
ɂɞɟɧɬɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɹ ...........................................3 ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɤɚ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɹ ɱɚɫɬɨɬɵ
Ɍɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤɢ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɟɣ ....................... 3 ɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɹ ɯɨɥɨɫɬɨɝɨ ɯɨɞɚ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɛɟɡ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ EFI) ...........56
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɤɚ ɭɝɥɚ ɨɩɟɪɟɠɟɧɢɹ ɜɩɪɵɫɤɚ
ɋɨɤɪɚɳɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɭɫɥɨɜɧɵɟ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ....3 ɬɨɩɥɢɜɚ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɛɟɡ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ EFI)..........................................57
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɤɨɦɩɪɟɫɫɢɢ ................................................................59
Ɉɛɳɢɟ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ ɩɨ ɪɟɦɨɧɬɭ .................4 ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɹ ɪɟɦɧɟɣ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɚ ȽɊɆ
ɢ ɛɚɥɚɧɫɢɪɧɨɝɨ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦɚ (ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ 4D56) ........................60
Ɍɨɱɤɢ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ ɭɩɨɪɨɜ ɝɚɪɚɠɧɨɝɨ Ɋɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɤɚ ɧɚɬɹɠɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɦɧɹ
ɞɨɦɤɪɚɬɚ ɢ ɥɚɩ ɩɨɞɴɟɦɧɢɤɚ......................4 ɩɪɢɜɨɞɚ ȽɊɆ (ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ 4D56) ................................................60
Ɋɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɤɚ ɧɚɬɹɠɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɦɧɹ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɚ
Ɋɭɤɨɜɨɞɫɬɜɨ ɩɨ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ ..................5 ɛɚɥɚɧɫɢɪɧɨɝɨ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦɚ (ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ 4D56) ...........................61
Ʉɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɨ-ɢɡɦɟɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɩɪɢɛɨɪɵ ɢ ɨɪɝɚɧɵ ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɭɪɨɜɧɹ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɧɨɣ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɢ ....................................61
ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ................................................................................... 5 ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɭɪɨɜɧɹ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɢ ɝɢɞɪɨɩɪɢɜɨɞɚ ɫɰɟɩɥɟɧɢɹ...........61
Ȼɥɨɤ ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɭɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɟɣ ɩɚɧɟɥɢ ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɭɪɨɜɧɹ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɢ ɜ ɛɚɱɤɟ
ɩɪɢɛɨɪɨɜ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ 4WD) ........................................................... 13 ɝɢɞɪɨɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɭɫɢɥɢɬɟɥɹ ɪɭɥɟɜɨɝɨ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ.....................62
Ɋɵɱɚɝ ɨɬɤɪɵɬɢɹ ɡɚɦɤɚ ɤɚɩɨɬɚ................................................... 15 ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɭɪɨɜɧɹ ɦɚɫɥɚ ɜ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ Ʉɉɉ
Ɋɵɱɚɝ ɨɬɤɪɵɬɢɹ ɥɸɱɤɚ ɡɚɥɢɜɧɨɣ ɝɨɪɥɨɜɢɧɵ ɢ ɪɚɡɞɚɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɤɨɪɨɛɤɟ ..............................................................62
ɬɨɩɥɢɜɧɨɝɨ ɛɚɤɚ ......................................................................... 15 Ɂɚɦɟɧɚ ɦɚɫɥɚ ɜ ɆɄɉɉ ɢ ɪɚɡɞɚɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɤɨɪɨɛɤɟ ......................62
ɋɢɝɧɚɥɶɧɚɹ ɲɚɲɤɚ ("ɮɚɥɶɲɮɟɣɟɪ")....................................... 15 ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɹ ɢ ɭɪɨɜɧɹ ɦɚɫɥɚ ɜ ȺɄɉɉ .........................62
Ȼɥɨɤɢɪɨɜɤɚ ɡɚɦɤɨɜ ɞɜɟɪɟɣ....................................................... 15 Ɂɚɦɟɧɚ ɦɚɫɥɚ ɜ ȺɄɉɉ ...............................................................63
ȼɵɞɜɢɠɧɚɹ ɛɨɤɨɜɚɹ ɩɨɞɧɨɠɤɚ................................................. 17 ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɭɪɨɜɧɹ ɦɚɫɥɚ ɜ ɤɚɪɬɟɪɚɯ ɩɟɪɟɞɧɟɝɨ
ɗɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɫɬɟɤɥɨɩɨɞɴɟɦɧɢɤɢ .......................................... 17 ɢ ɡɚɞɧɟɝɨ ɞɢɮɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɚɥɨɜ .....................................................63
Ʌɸɤ ɫ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɩɪɢɜɨɞɨɦ ............................................................ 18 ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɭɪɨɜɧɹ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɢ ɞɥɹ ɨɦɵɜɚɬɟɥɟɣ..........................64
ɒɬɨɪɤɢ ɫ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɩɪɢɜɨɞɨɦ ...................................................... 19 Ɂɚɩɪɚɜɤɚ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɤɨɧɞɢɰɢɨɧɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ..................................64
ɍɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɨɬɨɩɢɬɟɥɟɦ ɢ ɤɨɧɞɢɰɢɨɧɟɪɨɦ ............................ 19 Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɤɢ .......................................................64
Ɇɚɝɧɢɬɨɥɚ ɢ ɩɪɨɢɝɪɵɜɚɬɟɥɶ ɤɨɦɩɚɤɬ-ɞɢɫɤɨɜ ......................... 24
Ɋɨɡɟɬɤɚ ɞɥɹ ɩɨɞɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɹ ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ Ⱦɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ 4D56 - Ɇɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɱɚɫɬɶ...66
ɨɛɨɪɭɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ............................................................................. 26 Ɉɛɳɚɹ ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɹ...................................................................66
ɉɟɪɟɧɨɫɧɨɣ ɮɨɧɚɪɶ .................................................................. 27 ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɤɚ ɡɚɡɨɪɨɜ ɜ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɟ ɤɥɚɩɚɧɨɜ ..........66
Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɚɹ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɩɚɫɫɢɜɧɨɣ Ɂɚɦɟɧɚ ɪɟɦɧɹ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɚ ȽɊɆ ɢ ɪɟɦɧɹ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɚ
ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ (SRS) - ɩɨɞɭɲɤɢ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ ........................ 27 ɛɚɥɚɧɫɢɪɧɨɝɨ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦɚ ..........................................................67
ɋɢɞɟɧɶɹ ...................................................................................... 27 Ɂɚɦɟɧɚ ɫɚɥɶɧɢɤɨɜ ......................................................................70
Ɋɟɦɧɢ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ.................................................................. 30 Ɂɚɦɟɧɚ ɩɪɨɤɥɚɞɤɢ ɝɨɥɨɜɤɢ ɰɢɥɢɧɞɪɨɜ ....................................72
Ɋɭɥɟɜɨɟ ɤɨɥɟɫɨ.......................................................................... 31 Ⱦɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ......................................................................73
Ɂɚɩɭɫɤ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ ....................................................................... 31 Ɂɜɟɡɞɨɱɤɢ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɚ ȽɊɆ ɢ ɛɚɥɚɧɫɢɪɧɨɝɨ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦɚ ............75
ɇɟɢɫɩɪɚɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ ɜɨ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɹ...................... 33 Ɉɫɶ ɤɨɪɨɦɵɫɟɥ ɢ ɪɚɫɩɪɟɞɟɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ ɜɚɥ.............................76
Ɉɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ ɩɨ ɡɚɜɟɪɲɟɧɢɢ ɩɨɟɡɞɤɢ....................... 33 Ƚɨɥɨɜɤɚ ɰɢɥɢɧɞɪɨɜ ɢ ɤɥɚɩɚɧɵ .................................................79
ɍɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɟɦ ɫ ȺɄɉɉ .......................................... 33 Ʉɨɪɩɭɫ ɦɚɫɥɹɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɫɨɫɚ, ɛɚɥɚɧɫɢɪɧɵɣ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦ
ɍɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɟɦ ɫ ɆɄɉɉ.......................................... 35 ɢ ɦɚɫɥɹɧɵɣ ɩɨɞɞɨɧ....................................................................82
ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɩɨɥɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɚ SUPER SELECT........................... 35 ɉɨɪɲɟɧɶ ɢ ɲɚɬɭɧ .......................................................................85
ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɩɨɥɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɚ PART TIME ................................... 36 Ʉɨɥɟɧɱɚɬɵɣ ɜɚɥ, ɦɚɯɨɜɢɤ (ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ Ʉɉɉ) ɢ ɩɥɚɫɬɢɧɚ
Ⱥɧɬɢɛɥɨɤɢɪɨɜɨɱɧɚɹ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɨɜ (ABS)........................ 37 ɩɪɢɜɨɞɚ ɝɢɞɪɨɬɪɚɧɫɮɨɪɦɚɬɨɪɚ (ɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ Ʉɉɉ)........87
ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɠɢɦɚɦɢ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ Ȼɥɨɤ ɰɢɥɢɧɞɪɨɜ..........................................................................90
ɚɦɨɪɬɢɡɚɬɨɪɨɜ (ECS) ................................................................ 37
ɍɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɢ ɢɡɧɨɫɚ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɧɵɯ ɧɚɤɥɚɞɨɤ .................................. 38 Ⱦɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ 4Ɇ40 - Ɇɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɱɚɫɬɶ ....93
ɋɨɜɟɬɵ ɩɨ ɜɨɠɞɟɧɢɸ ɜ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɯ ........................ 38 Ɉɛɳɚɹ ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɹ...................................................................93
Ⱦɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ ɩɪɢ ɚɜɚɪɢɢ................................................................. 39 ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɤɚ ɡɚɡɨɪɨɜ ɜ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɟ ɤɥɚɩɚɧɨɜ ..........93
Ⱦɢɫɤɢ ɢ ɲɢɧɵ ............................................................................. 43 Ɂɚɦɟɧɚ ɫɚɥɶɧɢɤɨɜ ɤɨɥɟɧɱɚɬɨɝɨ ɜɚɥɚ.......................................95
ɉɥɚɜɤɢɟ ɩɪɟɞɨɯɪɚɧɢɬɟɥɢ ......................................................... 45 Ɂɚɦɟɧɚ ɩɪɨɤɥɚɞɤɢ ɝɨɥɨɜɤɢ ɰɢɥɢɧɞɪɨɜ ....................................96
Ɂɚɦɟɧɚ ɥɚɦɩ............................................................................... 46 Ⱦɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ......................................................................99
Ƚɨɥɨɜɤɚ ɰɢɥɢɧɞɪɨɜ, ɪɚɫɩɪɟɞɟɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ ɜɚɥ
Ɍɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɟ ɢ ɨɛɳɢɟ ɢ ɤɥɚɩɚɧɵ ....................................................................................99
ɩɪɨɰɟɞɭɪɵ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɨɤ ɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɨɤ ..... 49 ȼɚɤɭɭɦɧɵɣ ɧɚɫɨɫ......................................................................106
ɂɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɵ ɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɹ ........................................................ 49 Ʉɪɵɲɤɚ ɪɚɫɩɪɟɞɟɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɲɟɫɬɟɪɟɧ.................................106
ɉɪɚɜɢɥɚ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɹ ɪɚɛɨɬ ɜ ɦɨɬɨɪɧɨɦ ɨɬɫɟɤɟ.................... 49 Ɋɚɫɩɪɟɞɟɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɲɟɫɬɟɪɧɢ
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɹ ɦɨɬɨɪɧɨɝɨ ɦɚɫɥɚ.................................... 51 ɢ ɭɪɚɜɧɨɜɟɲɢɜɚɸɳɢɟ ɜɚɥɵ....................................................107
Ɂɚɦɟɧɚ ɦɨɬɨɪɧɨɝɨ ɦɚɫɥɚ.......................................................... 51 Ɇɚɫɥɹɧɵɣ ɧɚɫɨɫ ɢ ɩɪɚɜɵɣ ɭɪɚɜɧɨɜɟɲɢɜɚɸɳɢɣ ɜɚɥ...........112
Ɂɚɦɟɧɚ ɦɚɫɥɹɧɨɝɨ ɮɢɥɶɬɪɚ ..................................................... 51 ɉɨɪɲɟɧɶ ɢ ɲɚɬɭɧ .....................................................................113
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɜɨɡɞɭɲɧɨɝɨ ɮɢɥɶɬɪɚ................................................ 52 ɒɚɬɭɧɧɨ-ɩɨɪɲɧɟɜɚɹ ɝɪɭɩɩɚ ....................................................116
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɨɯɥɚɠɞɚɸɳɟɣ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɢ.......................................... 52 Ɇɚɯɨɜɢɤ (ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɢ ɫ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ Ʉɉɉ) ........................118
Ɂɚɦɟɧɚ ɨɯɥɚɠɞɚɸɳɟɣ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɢ ............................................. 52 ɉɥɚɫɬɢɧɚ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɚ ɝɢɞɪɨɬɪɚɧɫɮɨɪɦɚɬɨɪɚ (ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɢ
Ɂɚɦɟɧɚ ɬɨɩɥɢɜɧɨɝɨ ɮɢɥɶɬɪɚ.................................................... 53 ɫ ɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ Ʉɉɉ)............................................................119
ɍɞɚɥɟɧɢɟ ɜɨɞɵ ɢɡ ɬɨɩɥɢɜɧɨɝɨ ɮɢɥɶɬɪɚ ................................. 53 Ʉɨɥɟɧɱɚɬɵɣ ɜɚɥ ɢ ɛɥɨɤ ɰɢɥɢɧɞɪɨɜ........................................120
ɍɞɚɥɟɧɢɟ ɜɨɡɞɭɯɚ ɢɡ ɬɨɩɥɢɜɨɩɪɨɜɨɞɨɜ.................................. 54
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɹ ɚɤɤɭɦɭɥɹɬɨɪɧɨɣ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɢ ...................... 54 Ɉɩɨɪɵ ɫɢɥɨɜɨɝɨ ɚɝɪɟɝɚɬɚ ..................... 125
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɤɚ ɪɟɦɧɟɣ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɚ Ɉɩɨɪɵ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ......................................................................125
ɧɚɜɟɫɧɵɯ ɚɝɪɟɝɚɬɨɜ ................................................................... 55 Ɉɩɨɪɚ ɤɨɪɨɛɤɢ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱ...........................................................125
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɤɚ ɱɚɫɬɨɬɵ ɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɹ Ɉɩɨɪɚ ɩɟɪɟɞɧɟɝɨ ɞɢɮɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɚɥɚ........................................125
ɯɨɥɨɫɬɨɝɨ ɯɨɞɚ ........................................................................... 56 ɉɨɩɟɪɟɱɧɚɹ ɛɚɥɤɚ ɩɟɪɟɞɧɟɣ ɩɨɞɜɟɫɤɢ..................................126
494 ɋɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɟ
ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɹ ..............................128 Ɋɚɡɛɨɪɤɚ ɢ ɫɛɨɪɤɚ ɝɟɧɟɪɚɬɨɪɚ (ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ 4Ɇ40) ................191
Ɉɛɳɚɹ ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɹ ................................................................ 128 ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɮɨɪɦɵ ɫɢɝɧɚɥɚ ɜɵɯɨɞɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɩɪɹɠɟɧɢɹ
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɢ ɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɤɢ ɧɚ ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɟ............................... 128 ɝɟɧɟɪɚɬɨɪɚ ɧɚ ɦɨɬɨɪ-ɬɟɫɬɟɪɟ (ɨɫɰɢɥɥɨɝɪɚɮɟ).....................193
Ɍɟɪɦɨɫɬɚɬ ................................................................................. 128 ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɩɭɫɤɚ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ ...................... 194
ɇɚɫɨɫ ɨɯɥɚɠɞɚɸɳɟɣ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɢ .............................................. 129 Ɉɛɳɚɹ ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɹ.................................................................194
ɒɥɚɧɝɢ ɢ ɬɪɭɛɤɢ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɹ, ɞɚɬɱɢɤɢ ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɢ ɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɤɢ ɫɬɚɪɬɟɪɚ (ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ 4D56)...........194
ɢ ɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɢ ɩɨ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɟ ɨɯɥɚɠɞɚɸɳɟɣ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɢ .. 130 ɋɬɚɪɬɟɪ......................................................................................195
ȼɟɧɬɢɥɹɬɨɪ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɹ ......................................... 132 ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɨɛɥɟɝɱɟɧɢɹ ɩɭɫɤɚ "Self-Regulating Glow"................199
Ɋɚɞɢɚɬɨɪ................................................................................... 133 ɋɜɟɱɢ ɧɚɤɚɥɢɜɚɧɢɹ..................................................................201
ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɫɦɚɡɤɢ .......................................135 ɋɰɟɩɥɟɧɢɟ................................................ 202
Ɉɛɳɚɹ ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɹ ................................................................ 135 ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɢ ɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɤɢ ..........................................................202
Ⱦɚɬɱɢɤɢ ɢ ɤɥɚɩɚɧɵ................................................................... 136 ɉɟɞɚɥɶ ɫɰɟɩɥɟɧɢɹ ...................................................................202
Ɇɚɫɥɨɨɯɥɚɞɢɬɟɥɶ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ 4M40 ....................................... 137 Ƚɢɞɪɨɩɪɢɜɨɞ ɫɰɟɩɥɟɧɢɹ..........................................................202
Ɇɚɫɥɨɨɯɥɚɞɢɬɟɥɶ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ 4D56 ....................................... 138 Ƚɥɚɜɧɵɣ ɰɢɥɢɧɞɪ ɝɢɞɪɨɩɪɢɜɨɞɚ ɫɰɟɩɥɟɧɢɹ.........................203
Ɇɚɫɥɹɧɵɣ ɩɨɞɞɨɧ ɢ ɦɚɫɥɨɡɚɛɨɪɧɢɤ ..................................... 138 ɋɰɟɩɥɟɧɢɟ.................................................................................203
ɋɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɬɭɪɛɨɧɚɞɞɭɜɚ, ɜɩɭɫɤɚ ɢ Ɋɚɛɨɱɢɣ ɰɢɥɢɧɞɪ ɝɢɞɪɨɩɪɢɜɨɞɚ ɫɰɟɩɥɟɧɢɹ.........................205
ɜɵɩɭɫɤɚ.....................................................140 Ɇɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɤɨɪɨɛɤɚ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱ ........... 207
Ɉɛɳɚɹ ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɹ ɢ ɦɟɪɵ ɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɨɪɨɠɧɨɫɬɢ ................. 140 Ɍɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɢ ɧɚ ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɟ..................................207
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɢ ɧɚ ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɟ........................................................ 140 Ɇɟɯɚɧɢɡɦ ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɹ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱ ɧɚ ɪɭɥɟɜɨɣ
ȼɨɡɞɭɲɧɵɣ ɮɢɥɶɬɪ ................................................................. 141 ɤɨɥɨɧɤɟ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ 2WD) ............................................................208
ɉɪɨɦɟɠɭɬɨɱɧɵɣ ɨɯɥɚɞɢɬɟɥɶ ɧɚɞɞɭɜɨɱɧɨɝɨ ɇɚɩɨɥɶɧɵɣ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦ ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɹ
ɜɨɡɞɭɯɚ (WAGON).................................................................... 141 ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ 2WD)............................................................209
ȼɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɢ ɜɵɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɇɚɩɨɥɶɧɵɣ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦ ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɹ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱ
ɤɨɥɥɟɤɬɨɪɵ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɛɟɡ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ EFI) ................................. 142 ɢ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɪɚɡɞɚɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɤɨɪɨɛɤɨɣ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ 4WD) ...........209
ȼɩɭɫɤɧɨɣ ɤɨɥɥɟɤɬɨɪ ɢ ɤɨɪɩɭɫ ɞɪɨɫɫɟɥɶɧɨɣ Ʉɨɪɨɛɤɚ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱ ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ 2WD)...............................210
ɡɚɫɥɨɧɤɢ (ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ 4M40 ɫ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɨɣ EFI).......................... 144 Ʉɨɪɨɛɤɚ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱ ɢ ɪɚɡɞɚɬɨɱɧɚɹ ɤɨɪɨɛɤɚ
Ɍɭɪɛɨɤɨɦɩɪɟɫɫɨɪ..................................................................... 144 ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ 4WD).............................................................210
Ɍɪɭɛɵ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɜɵɩɭɫɤɚ ɢ ɝɥɭɲɢɬɟɥɶ ................................... 146 ɗɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɵɣ ɛɥɨɤ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɩɨɥɧɵɦ
Ɍɨɩɥɢɜɧɚɹ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ .................................147 ɩɪɢɜɨɞɨɦ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ 4WD) .........................................................211
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɤɚ ɬɪɨɫɨɜ Ⱥɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɤɨɪɨɛɤɚ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱ ....... 213
ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ (ɤɪɨɦɟ ɦɨɞɟɥɟɣ Ɉɛɳɚɹ ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɹ.................................................................213
ɫ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɟɦ 4M40 ɜɵɩɭɫɤɚ ɫ 06.1997 ɝ.) ............................. 147 Ⱦɢɚɝɧɨɫɬɢɤɚ Ʉɉɉ......................................................................215
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɌɇȼȾ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɛɟɡ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ EFI) ............ 147 ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɫɢɫɬɟɦ ȺɄɉɉ ..................................226
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɤɚ ɮɨɪɫɭɧɨɤ........................................ 148 ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ȺɄɉɉ ...................................232
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɹ ɱɚɫɬɨɬɵ ɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɹ Ɉɫɧɨɜɧɵɟ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɤɢ ɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɤɢ ........................................239
ɯɨɥɨɫɬɨɝɨ ɯɨɞɚ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɛɟɡ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ EFI) ........................... 149 Ɇɟɯɚɧɢɡɦ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɤɨɪɨɛɤɨɣ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱ
Ɍɨɩɥɢɜɧɵɟ ɮɨɪɫɭɧɤɢ .............................................................. 150 ɢ ɪɚɡɞɚɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɤɨɪɨɛɤɨɣ ..........................................................240
Ɍɨɩɥɢɜɧɵɣ ɧɚɫɨɫ ɜɵɫɨɤɨɝɨ ɞɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ 4D56....... 152 ɋɟɥɟɤɬɨɪ ...................................................................................241
Ɍɨɩɥɢɜɧɵɣ ɧɚɫɨɫ ɜɵɫɨɤɨɝɨ ɞɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ 4M40 ...... 153 ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɛɥɨɤɢɪɨɜɤɢ ɡɚɦɤɚ ɡɚɠɢɝɚɧɢɹ
Ɋɚɡɛɨɪɤɚ, ɩɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ, ɫɛɨɪɤɚ ɢ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɛɥɨɤɢɪɨɜɤɢ ɪɵɱɚɝɚ ɫɟɥɟɤɬɨɪɚ ȺɄɉɉ ...................241
ɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɤɚ ɌɇȼȾ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɛɟɡ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ EFI) .................. 154 Ɇɚɫɥɨɨɯɥɚɞɢɬɟɥɶ ȺɄɉɉ .........................................................242
Ɋɚɡɛɨɪɤɚ ɌɇȼȾ ........................................................................ 154 ɗɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɵɣ ɛɥɨɤ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɩɨɥɧɵɦ
Ɍɨɩɥɢɜɧɵɣ ɛɚɤ ......................................................................... 169 ɩɪɢɜɨɞɨɦ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ 4WD) .........................................................242
Ɍɨɩɥɢɜɧɵɣ ɮɢɥɶɬɪ.................................................................. 169 Ʉɨɪɨɛɤɚ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱ ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ 2WD)...............................243
ɉɟɞɚɥɶ ɚɤɫɟɥɟɪɚɬɨɪɚ.............................................................. 170 Ʉɨɪɨɛɤɚ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱ ɢ ɪɚɡɞɚɬɨɱɧɚɹ ɤɨɪɨɛɤɚ
ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɨɝɨ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ 4WD).............................................................243
ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɟɦ 4M40 (EFI) ............................171 Ʉɚɪɞɚɧɧɵɣ ɜɚɥ........................................ 246
Ɉɛɳɢɟ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɚ ɩɪɢ ɪɚɛɨɬɟ ɫ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɨɣ
ɫɢɫɬɟɦɨɣ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ.............................................................. 171 ɉɟɪɟɞɧɢɣ ɦɨɫɬ ........................................ 250
Ɉɛɳɚɹ ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɹ ................................................................ 172 ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɢ ɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɤɢ ..........................................................250
Ⱦɢɚɝɧɨɫɬɢɤɚ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɟɦ.................... 173 Ɂɚɦɟɧɚ ɩɨɥɭɨɫɟɜɨɝɨ ɫɚɥɶɧɢɤɚ ɤɚɪɬɟɪɚ ɞɢɮɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɚɥɚ ...250
ɉɟɪɢɨɞɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɟ............................................... 176 ɋɬɭɩɢɰɚ ɩɟɪɟɞɧɟɝɨ ɤɨɥɟɫɚ ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ 2WD)..............251
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɤɨɦɩɨɧɟɧɬɨɜ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ Ɋɚɡɛɨɪɤɚ ɢ ɫɛɨɪɤɚ ɫɬɭɩɢɰɵ ɩɟɪɟɞɧɟɝɨ
ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɟɦ ............................................................................... 177 ɤɨɥɟɫɚ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ 2WD) ..............................................................252
ɋɬɭɩɢɰɚ ɩɟɪɟɞɧɟɝɨ ɤɨɥɟɫɚ ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ 4WD)..............253
ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɫɧɢɠɟɧɢɹ ɬɨɤɫɢɱɧɨɫɬɢ ɈȽ......184 Ɋɚɡɛɨɪɤɚ ɢ ɫɛɨɪɤɚ ɫɬɭɩɢɰɵ ɩɟɪɟɞɧɟɝɨ
Ɉɛɳɚɹ ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɹ ................................................................ 184 ɤɨɥɟɫɚ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ 4WD) ..............................................................254
Ʉɥɚɩɚɧɵ ɢ ɞɚɬɱɢɤɢ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɪɟɰɢɪɤɭɥɹɰɢɢ ɈȽ.................... 184 ɉɨɜɨɪɨɬɧɵɣ ɤɭɥɚɤ ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ 2WD) ............................254
Ȼɥɨɤ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɨɣ ɨɛɥɟɝɱɟɧɢɹ ɩɭɫɤɚ
ɢ ɪɟɰɢɪɤɭɥɹɰɢɟɣ ɈȽ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɛɟɡ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ EFI) .................. 185 ɉɨɜɨɪɨɬɧɵɣ ɤɭɥɚɤ ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ 4WD) ............................255
Ɋɚɡɛɨɪɤɚ ɢ ɫɛɨɪɤɚ ɩɨɜɨɪɨɬɧɨɝɨ ɤɭɥɚɤɚ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ 4WD) .......256
ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɡɚɪɹɞɤɢ......................................187 ȼɚɥ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɚ ɤɨɥɟɫɚ ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ 4WD) .........................257
Ɉɛɳɚɹ ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɹ ................................................................ 187 Ɋɚɡɛɨɪɤɚ ɢ ɫɛɨɪɤɚ ɜɚɥɚ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɚ ɤɨɥɟɫɚ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ 4WD).....258
Ɇɟɪɵ ɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɨɪɨɠɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɪɢ ɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɢ ....................... 187 ȼɧɭɬɪɟɧɧɢɣ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɧɨɣ ɜɚɥ ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ 4WD).............259
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɩɚɞɟɧɢɹ ɜɵɯɨɞɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɩɪɹɠɟɧɢɹ ɝɟɧɟɪɚɬɨɪɚ...... 187 Ɋɚɡɛɨɪɤɚ ɢ ɫɛɨɪɤɚ ɜɧɭɬɪɟɧɧɟɝɨ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɧɨɝɨ
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɬɨɤɚ ɨɬɞɚɱɢ ɝɟɧɟɪɚɬɨɪɚ......................................... 187 ɜɚɥɚ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ 4WD)..................................................................260
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɟɦɨɝɨ ɧɚɩɪɹɠɟɧɢɹ................................... 188 ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɩɨɞɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɹ ɩɟɪɟɞɧɟɝɨ ɦɨɫɬɚ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ 4WD) .....260
Ƚɟɧɟɪɚɬɨɪ ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ ................................................................... 189 Ʉɚɪɬɟɪ ɞɢɮɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɚɥɚ ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ 4WD)..................263
Ɋɚɡɛɨɪɤɚ ɢ ɫɛɨɪɤɚ ɝɟɧɟɪɚɬɨɪɚ Ɋɚɡɛɨɪɤɚ ɢ ɫɛɨɪɤɚ ɤɚɪɬɟɪɚ
ɢ ɜɚɤɭɭɦɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɫɨɫɚ (ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ 4D56) ................................. 189 ɞɢɮɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɚɥɚ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ 4WD).............................................263
ɋɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɟ 495
Ɂɚɞɧɢɣ ɦɨɫɬ .............................................266 Ɂɚɞɧɢɟ ɞɢɫɤɨɜɵɟ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɚ.......................................................311
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɢ ɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɤɢ ......................................................... 266 Ɂɚɞɧɢɟ ɛɚɪɚɛɚɧɧɵɟ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɚ..................................................313
Ɂɚɞɧɢɣ ɦɨɫɬ ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ ............................................................... 267 ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɪɚɛɨɱɟɝɨ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɧɨɝɨ
ɉɨɥɭɨɫɶ ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ....................................................................... 268 ɰɢɥɢɧɞɪɚ (ɩɨɫɥɟ ɪɚɡɛɨɪɤɢ)....................................................313
Ɋɚɡɛɨɪɤɚ ɢ ɫɛɨɪɤɚ ɩɨɥɭɨɫɢ .................................................... 269 Ⱥɧɬɢɛɥɨɤɢɪɨɜɨɱɧɚɹ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɨɜ (ABS)............ 315
Ʉɚɪɬɟɪ ɞɢɮɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɚɥɚ ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ ........................................... 272 Ɉɛɳɚɹ ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɹ.................................................................315
Ɋɚɡɛɨɪɤɚ ɢ ɫɛɨɪɤɚ ɤɚɪɬɟɪɚ ɞɢɮɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɚɥɚ....................... 273 ɉɨɢɫɤ ɧɟɢɫɩɪɚɜɧɨɫɬɟɣ.............................................................315
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ABS .............................................320
ɉɟɪɟɞɧɹɹ ɩɨɞɜɟɫɤɚ .................................275 Ƚɢɞɪɚɜɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɛɥɨɤ ABS ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ ........................................321
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɤɚ ɭɝɥɨɜ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ ɤɨɥɟɫ .................. 275 Ⱦɚɬɱɢɤ ɱɚɫɬɨɬɵ ɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɹ ɤɨɥɟɫɚ..........................................321
Ⱥɦɨɪɬɢɡɚɬɨɪ ɢ ɧɢɠɧɢɣ ɪɵɱɚɝ................................................. 276 Ⱦɚɬɱɢɤ ɭɫɤɨɪɟɧɢɹ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ 4WD)............................................322
ȼɟɪɯɧɢɣ ɪɵɱɚɝ.......................................................................... 278 Ⱦɚɬɱɢɤ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɪɭɥɟɜɨɝɨ ɤɨɥɟɫɚ.......................................323
Ɍɨɪɫɢɨɧ..................................................................................... 279 ɗɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɵɣ ɛɥɨɤ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ABS ......................................323
Ɋɟɚɤɬɢɜɧɚɹ ɬɹɝɚ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ 2WD) ............................................. 280
ɋɬɚɛɢɥɢɡɚɬɨɪ ɩɨɩɟɪɟɱɧɨɣ ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɨɫɬɢ ............................. 280
ɋɬɨɹɧɨɱɧɵɣ ɬɨɪɦɨɡ ............................... 324
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɢ ɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɤɢ..................................................... 324
ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɠɢɦɚɦɢ Ɋɵɱɚɝ ɫɬɨɹɧɨɱɧɨɝɨ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɚ ............................................... 324
ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɚɦɨɪɬɢɡɚɬɨɪɨɜ (ECS)........................................ 282 Ɍɪɨɫ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɚ ɫɬɨɹɧɨɱɧɨɝɨ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɚ .................................. 325
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɨɣ ɥɚɦɩɵ ECS (ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɚɹ ɥɚɦɩɚ ɋɬɨɹɧɨɱɧɵɣ ɬɨɪɦɨɡ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɫ ɡɚɞɧɢɦɢ ɞɢɫɤɨɜɵɦɢ
ɜɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɠɢɦɚ "SPORT" ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ECS) ........................ 282 ɬɨɪɦɨɡɚɦɢ ɫ ɛɚɪɚɛɚɧɧɵɦ ɫɬɨɹɧɨɱɧɵɦ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɨɦ)........... 325
ɋɱɢɬɵɜɚɧɢɟ ɤɨɞɨɜ ɧɟɢɫɩɪɚɜɧɨɫɬɟɣ ɛɟɡ ɬɟɫɬɟɪɚ ................. 282
ɍɞɚɥɟɧɢɟ ɤɨɞɨɜ ɧɟɢɫɩɪɚɜɧɨɫɬɟɣ ɛɟɡ ɬɟɫɬɟɪɚ ..................... 282
Ʉɭɡɨɜ ......................................................... 327
ɉɨɢɫɤ ɧɟɢɫɩɪɚɜɧɨɫɬɟɣ ɩɨ ɞɢɚɝɧɨɫɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɤɨɞɚɦ ............. 282 ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɢ ɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɤɢ ..........................................................327
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɢ ɧɚ ɪɚɡɴɟɦɟ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɨɝɨ ɛɥɨɤɚ Ʉɚɩɨɬ..........................................................................................330
ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɨɣ ECS ..................................................... 282 Ʌɸɱɨɤ ɡɚɥɢɜɧɨɣ ɝɨɪɥɨɜɢɧɵ ɬɨɩɥɢɜɧɨɝɨ ɛɚɤɚ .......................331
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ECS............................................. 282 Ʉɪɵɥɨ.........................................................................................331
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɫɟɪɜɨɩɪɢɜɨɞɚ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɠɟɫɬɤɨɫɬɢ ȼɟɬɪɨɜɨɟ ɫɬɟɤɥɨ .......................................................................331
ɚɦɨɪɬɢɡɚɬɨɪɚ ........................................................................... 284 ɉɟɪɟɞɧɟɟ ɛɨɤɨɜɨɟ ɫɬɟɤɥɨ .......................................................333
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɹ ɪɟɠɢɦɨɜ Ɂɚɞɧɟɟ ɛɨɤɨɜɨɟ ɫɬɟɤɥɨ............................................................333
ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ECS .............................................................. 284 ɋɬɟɤɥɨ ɨɤɧɚ ɡɚɞɧɟɣ ɛɨɤɨɜɢɧɵ ɤɭɡɨɜɚ....................................334
ɋɧɹɬɢɟ ɢ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚ ɩɟɪɟɞɧɟɝɨ ɚɦɨɪɬɢɡɚɬɨɪɚ...................... 284 ɋɬɟɤɥɨ ɡɚɞɧɟɣ ɞɜɟɪɢ ...............................................................334
ɋɧɹɬɢɟ ɢ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚ ɡɚɞɧɟɝɨ ɚɦɨɪɬɢɡɚɬɨɪɚ .......................... 284 ɋɬɟɤɥɨ ɤɪɵɲɢ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɫ ɩɪɨɡɪɚɱɧɨɣ ɤɪɵɲɟɣ) ....................335
ɋɧɹɬɢɟ ɢ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɨɝɨ ɛɥɨɤɚ ɉɟɪɟɞɧɹɹ ɛɨɤɨɜɚɹ ɞɜɟɪɶ ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ...........................................335
ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɨɣ ECS ..................................................... 284 Ɉɛɥɢɰɨɜɤɚ ɩɟɪɟɞɧɟɣ ɛɨɤɨɜɨɣ ɞɜɟɪɢ
ɋɧɹɬɢɟ ɢ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚ ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɹ ɪɟɠɢɦɨɜ ɢ ɜɨɞɨɧɟɩɪɨɧɢɰɚɟɦɚɹ ɩɥɟɧɤɚ ................................................336
ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ECS .............................................................. 285 ɋɬɟɤɥɨ ɩɟɪɟɞɧɟɣ ɛɨɤɨɜɨɣ ɞɜɟɪɢ ɢ ɫɬɟɤɥɨɩɨɞɴɟɦɧɢɤ .........336
ɋɧɹɬɢɟ ɢ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚ ɞɚɬɱɢɤɚ ɩɪɨɞɨɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɭɫɤɨɪɟɧɢɹ.......... 285 Ɂɚɦɨɤ ɢ ɪɭɱɤɚ ɩɟɪɟɞɧɟɣ ɛɨɤɨɜɨɣ ɞɜɟɪɢ ................................337
ɋɧɹɬɢɟ ɢ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚ ɞɚɬɱɢɤɨɜ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ECS......................... 285 ɇɚɩɪɚɜɥɹɸɳɢɣ ɠɟɥɨɛɨɤ ɫɬɟɤɥɚ ɞɜɟɪɢ
ɢ ɭɩɥɨɬɧɢɬɟɥɶ ɛɨɤɨɜɨɣ ɞɜɟɪɢ.................................................338
Ɂɚɞɧɹɹ ɩɨɞɜɟɫɤɚ .....................................286 Ȼɨɤɨɜɚɹ ɫɞɜɢɠɧɚɹ ɞɜɟɪɶ ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ...........................................339
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɭɝɥɨɜ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ ɡɚɞɧɢɯ ɤɨɥɟɫ............................... 286 Ɉɛɥɢɰɨɜɤɚ ɛɨɤɨɜɨɣ ɫɞɜɢɠɧɨɣ ɞɜɟɪɢ
Ɂɚɞɧɹɹ ɩɨɞɜɟɫɤɚ ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ (ɪɟɫɫɨɪɧɚɹ ɩɨɞɜɟɫɤɚ).................. 286 ɢ ɜɨɞɨɧɟɩɪɨɧɢɰɚɟɦɚɹ ɩɥɟɧɤɚ ................................................340
Ɂɚɞɧɹɹ ɩɨɞɜɟɫɤɚ ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ (ɩɪɭɠɢɧɧɚɹ ɩɨɞɜɟɫɤɚ) ................. 286 Ɂɚɦɨɤ ɢ ɪɭɱɤɚ ɛɨɤɨɜɨɣ ɫɞɜɢɠɧɨɣ ɞɜɟɪɢ................................340
ɋɬɚɛɢɥɢɡɚɬɨɪ ɩɨɩɟɪɟɱɧɨɣ ɍɩɥɨɬɧɢɬɟɥɶ ɛɨɤɨɜɨɣ ɫɞɜɢɠɧɨɣ ɞɜɟɪɢ..................................341
ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɨɫɬɢ (ɩɪɭɠɢɧɧɚɹ ɩɨɞɜɟɫɤɚ) ..................................... 287 Ɂɚɞɧɹɹ ɞɜɟɪɶ ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ ..............................................................341
Ɉɛɥɢɰɨɜɤɚ ɡɚɞɧɟɣ ɞɜɟɪɢ
Ɋɭɥɟɜɨɟ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ...............................289 ɢ ɜɨɞɨɧɟɩɪɨɧɢɰɚɟɦɚɹ ɩɥɟɧɤɚ ................................................342
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɢ ɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɤɢ ......................................................... 289 Ɂɚɦɨɤ ɢ ɪɭɱɤɚ ɡɚɞɧɟɣ ɞɜɟɪɢ ...................................................342
Ɋɭɥɟɜɨɟ ɤɨɥɟɫɨ ɢ ɜɚɥ ɪɭɥɟɜɨɝɨ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ........................ 291 ɉɟɪɟɞɧɢɣ ɥɸɤ ɤɪɵɲɢ...............................................................343
Ɋɚɡɛɨɪɤɚ ɢ ɫɛɨɪɤɚ ɪɭɥɟɜɨɣ ɤɨɥɨɧɤɢ...................................... 292 Ɂɚɞɧɢɣ ɥɸɤ ɤɪɵɲɢ ...................................................................345
Ɋɭɥɟɜɨɣ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦ ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ..................................................... 293 ɒɬɨɪɤɢ ɩɪɨɡɪɚɱɧɨɣ ɤɪɵɲɢ......................................................346
Ɋɭɥɟɜɨɣ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦ - ɪɚɡɛɨɪɤɚ ɢ ɫɛɨɪɤɚ ................................ 294 Ɂɚɳɢɬɚ ɤɚɪɬɟɪɨɜ ɫɢɥɨɜɨɝɨ ɚɝɪɟɝɚɬɚ ɢ ɬɪɚɧɫɦɢɫɫɢɢ............347
ɇɚɫɨɫ ɝɢɞɪɨɭɫɢɥɢɬɟɥɹ ɪɭɥɟɜɨɝɨ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ....................... 296
ɒɥɚɧɝɢ ɝɢɞɪɨɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɭɫɢɥɢɬɟɥɹ ɪɭɥɟɜɨɝɨ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ .... 296 ɇɚɪɭɠɧɵɟ ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɵ ɤɭɡɨɜɚ ................. 348
ɉɟɪɟɞɧɢɣ ɛɚɦɩɟɪ.....................................................................348
Ɍɨɪɦɨɡɧɚɹ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ .................................299 Ɂɚɞɧɢɣ ɛɚɦɩɟɪ .........................................................................348
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɤɚ ɩɟɞɚɥɢ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɚ............................. 299 Ɋɟɲɟɬɤɚ ɪɚɞɢɚɬɨɪɚ, ɧɚɤɥɚɞɤɢ ɢ ɦɨɥɞɢɧɝɢ ...........................348
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɹ ɫɬɨɩ-ɫɢɝɧɚɥɨɜ ................................. 300 Ɉɱɢɫɬɢɬɟɥɶ ɢ ɨɦɵɜɚɬɟɥɶ ɜɟɬɪɨɜɨɝɨ ɫɬɟɤɥɚ..........................348
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɜɚɤɭɭɦɧɨɝɨ ɭɫɢɥɢɬɟɥɹ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɨɜ............. 300 Ɉɱɢɫɬɢɬɟɥɶ ɢ ɨɦɵɜɚɬɟɥɶ ɡɚɞɧɟɝɨ ɫɬɟɤɥɚ .............................350
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɨɛɪɚɬɧɨɝɨ ɤɥɚɩɚɧɚ ɜɚɤɭɭɦɧɨɝɨ Ɉɦɵɜɚɬɟɥɶ ɮɚɪ ɝɨɥɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɫɜɟɬɚ...........................................351
ɭɫɢɥɢɬɟɥɹ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɨɜ ................................................................ 300 ɉɨɞɨɝɪɟɜɚɬɟɥɶ ɳɟɬɨɤ ɨɱɢɫɬɢɬɟɥɹ ɜɟɬɪɨɜɨɝɨ ɫɬɟɤɥɚ...........352
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɞɚɬɱɢɤɚ ɪɚɡɪɟɠɟɧɢɹ ɜɚɤɭɭɦɧɨɝɨ Ȼɨɤɨɜɨɟ ɡɟɪɤɚɥɨ ɡɚɞɧɟɝɨ ɜɢɞɚ ...............................................352
ɭɫɢɥɢɬɟɥɹ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɨɜ ................................................................ 300 Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɧɚɪɭɠɧɵɟ ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɵ..................................353
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɪɟɝɭɥɹɬɨɪɚ ɞɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɡɚɞɧɢɯ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɨɜ ............... 301 ȼɵɞɜɢɠɧɚɹ ɛɨɤɨɜɚɹ ɩɨɞɧɨɠɤɚ ɫ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɩɪɢɜɨɞɨɦ .............354
ɍɞɚɥɟɧɢɟ ɜɨɡɞɭɯɚ ɢɡ ɝɢɞɪɨɩɪɢɜɨɞɚ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɨɜ..................... 301
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɞɢɫɤɨɜɵɯ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɨɜ ................................................ 302
ɂɧɬɟɪɶɟɪ .................................................. 356
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɡɚɞɧɢɯ ɛɚɪɚɛɚɧɧɵɯ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɨɜ............................... 303 ɉɚɧɟɥɶ ɩɪɢɛɨɪɨɜ......................................................................356
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɛɚɪɚɛɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɫɬɨɹɧɨɱɧɨɝɨ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɚ....................... 304 Ɉɛɥɢɰɨɜɤɚ.................................................................................357
ɉɟɞɚɥɶ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɚ ....................................................................... 304 Ɉɛɥɢɰɨɜɤɚ ɩɨɬɨɥɤɚ (ɧɚɛɨɪɧɨɝɨ ɬɢɩɚ) ....................................359
Ƚɥɚɜɧɵɣ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɧɨɣ ɰɢɥɢɧɞɪ ɢ ɜɚɤɭɭɦɧɵɣ Ɉɛɥɢɰɨɜɤɚ ɩɨɬɨɥɤɚ (ɪɟɥɶɟɮɧɨɝɨ ɬɢɩɚ) .................................359
ɭɫɢɥɢɬɟɥɶ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɨɜ ................................................................ 304 ɇɚɩɨɥɶɧɚɹ ɤɨɧɫɨɥɶ ..................................................................360
Ɋɚɡɛɨɪɤɚ ɢ ɫɛɨɪɤɚ ɝɥɚɜɧɨɝɨ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɰɢɥɢɧɞɪɚ............. 306 ɉɟɪɟɞɧɟɟ ɫɢɞɟɧɶɟ....................................................................360
Ɋɟɝɭɥɹɬɨɪ ɞɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɡɚɞɧɢɯ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɨɜ .................................. 307 ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɨɫɥɚɛɥɟɧɢɹ ɧɚɬɹɠɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɦɧɟɣ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ .....362
ɉɟɪɟɞɧɢɟ ɞɢɫɤɨɜɵɟ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɚ ................................................. 307 ɗɥɟɤɬɪɨɩɪɢɜɨɞ ɲɬɨɪɨɤ (ɛɨɤɨɜɵɯ ɢ ɡɚɞɧɟɣ ɞɜɟɪɢ) ..............362
496 ɋɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɟ
Ɉɬɨɩɢɬɟɥɶ, ɤɨɧɞɢɰɢɨɧɟɪ ɋɯɟɦɵ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɨɛɨɪɭɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ (ɦɨɞɟɥɢ
ɢ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɜɟɧɬɢɥɹɰɢɢ ............................364 ɜɵɩɭɫɤɚ ɫ 1998 ɝ.) ............................................................ 423
ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɩɢɬɚɧɢɹ ........................................................423
Ɇɟɪɵ ɬɟɯɧɢɤɢ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɪɢ ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɦ ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɩɭɫɤɚ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ ........................................................424
ɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɢ ɢ ɪɟɦɨɧɬɟ........................................................ 364 ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɨɛɥɟɝɱɟɧɢɹ ɩɭɫɤɚ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ ...................................424
Ɉɫɧɨɜɧɵɟ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɤɢ................................................................. 365 ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɡɚɪɹɞɤɢ ......................................................................425
Ɋɚɛɨɬɵ ɫ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɨɣ ɤɨɧɞɢɰɢɨɧɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ............................... 366 ȼɟɧɬɢɥɹɬɨɪ ɩɪɨɦɟɠɭɬɨɱɧɨɝɨ ɨɯɥɚɞɢɬɟɥɹ
ɉɚɧɟɥɶ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɤɨɧɞɢɰɢɨɧɟɪɨɦ ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ ....................... 369 ɧɚɞɞɭɜɨɱɧɨɝɨ ɜɨɡɞɭɯɚ..............................................................425
Ɉɬɨɩɢɬɟɥɶ ɢ ɪɚɞɢɚɬɨɪ ɨɬɨɩɢɬɟɥɹ.......................................... 371 ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɟɦ...........................................426
ɗɥɟɤɬɪɨɜɟɧɬɢɥɹɬɨɪ ɩɟɪɟɞɧɟɝɨ ɨɬɨɩɢɬɟɥɹ ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɩɨɜɵɲɚɸɳɟɣ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɱɟɣ ȺɄɉɉ ........431
ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ ɢ ɪɟɡɢɫɬɨɪ................................................................... 372 ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ȺɄɉɉ.....................................................432
ɋɟɪɜɨɩɪɢɜɨɞɵ ɡɚɫɥɨɧɨɤ (ɤɪɨɦɟ ɩɚɧɟɥɢ Ɉɫɜɟɳɟɧɢɟ ɫɚɥɨɧɚ...................................................................434
ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɫ ɜɪɚɳɚɸɳɢɦɢ ɪɭɱɤɚɦɢ) ................................... 373 Ʌɚɦɩɵ ɩɨɞɫɜɟɬɤɢ......................................................................437
ɉɟɪɟɞɧɢɣ ɢɫɩɚɪɢɬɟɥɶ ɢ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɵɣ ɛɥɨɤ ɉɨɞɫɜɟɬɤɚ ɥɢɱɢɧɤɢ ɡɚɦɤɚ ɡɚɠɢɝɚɧɢɹ.....................................437
ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɤɨɧɞɢɰɢɨɧɟɪɨɦ ................................................... 374 Ɋɟɨɫɬɚɬ ......................................................................................438
ɉɚɧɟɥɶ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɡɚɞɧɢɦ ɤɨɧɞɢɰɢɨɧɟɪɨɦ Ɏɚɪɵ ɝɨɥɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɫɜɟɬɚ..............................................................438
ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ (ɤɨɧɞɢɰɢɨɧɟɪ ɫɨ ɜɫɬɪɨɟɧɧɵɦ ɛɥɨɤɨɦ).................... 376 ɉɟɪɟɞɧɢɟ ɝɚɛɚɪɢɬɵ, ɡɚɞɧɢɟ ɝɚɛɚɪɢɬɵ ɢ ɩɨɞɫɜɟɬɤɚ
Ɂɚɞɧɢɣ ɢɫɩɚɪɢɬɟɥɶ ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ (ɤɨɧɞɢɰɢɨɧɟɪ ɧɨɦɟɪɧɨɝɨ ɡɧɚɤɚ .......................................................................440
ɫɨ ɜɫɬɪɨɟɧɧɵɦ ɛɥɨɤɨɦ)........................................................... 377 ɉɟɪɟɞɧɢɟ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɬɭɦɚɧɧɵɟ ɮɚɪɵ........................................441
Ɂɚɞɧɢɣ ɢɫɩɚɪɢɬɟɥɶ ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ (ɤɨɧɞɢɰɢɨɧɟɪ Ɏɨɧɚɪɢ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɢ ɩɨɜɨɪɨɬɟ...........................................443
ɫ ɩɨɬɨɥɨɱɧɵɦ ɛɥɨɤɨɦ) ............................................................ 378 ɍɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɢ ɩɨɜɨɪɨɬɚ ɢ ɚɜɚɪɢɣɧɚɹ ɫɢɝɧɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɹ ..................443
ɗɥɟɤɬɪɨɜɟɧɬɢɥɹɬɨɪ ɢ ɪɚɞɢɚɬɨɪ ɡɚɞɧɟɝɨ ɨɬɨɩɢɬɟɥɹ ɋɬɨɩ-ɫɢɝɧɚɥɵ ............................................................................444
(ɨɬɨɩɢɬɟɥɶ ɫɨ ɜɫɬɪɨɟɧɧɵɦ ɛɥɨɤɨɦ)....................................... 378 Ɏɨɧɚɪɢ ɡɚɞɧɟɝɨ ɯɨɞɚ ...............................................................444
Ɂɚɞɧɢɣ ɨɬɨɩɢɬɟɥɶ ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ (ɨɬɨɩɢɬɟɥɶ ɫ ɛɥɨɤɨɦ Ȼɥɨɤ ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɭɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɟɣ .........................................445
ɩɨɞ ɫɢɞɟɧɶɟɦ) .......................................................................... 380 Ɂɜɭɤɨɜɨɣ ɫɢɝɧɚɥ........................................................................445
ɗɥɟɤɬɪɨɜɟɧɬɢɥɹɬɨɪ ɢ ɪɚɞɢɚɬɨɪ ɡɚɞɧɟɝɨ ɨɬɨɩɢɬɟɥɹ ɂɡɦɟɪɢɬɟɥɢ ɢ ɭɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɢ .........................................................446
(ɨɬɨɩɢɬɟɥɶ ɫ ɛɥɨɤɨɦ ɩɨɞ ɫɢɞɟɧɶɟɦ)...................................... 380 Ʉɨɧɬɪɨɥɶɧɵɟ ɥɚɦɩɵ ................................................................447
ɒɥɚɧɝɢ ɨɬɨɩɢɬɟɥɹ ................................................................... 381 ɋɬɟɤɥɨɩɨɞɴɟɦɧɢɤɢ ɫ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɩɪɢɜɨɞɨɦ ................................448
Ʉɨɦɩɪɟɫɫɨɪ ɢ ɪɨɥɢɤ ɧɚɬɹɠɢɬɟɥɹ ɪɟɦɧɹ Ȼɨɤɨɜɵɟ ɡɟɪɤɚɥɚ ɡɚɞɧɟɝɨ ɜɢɞɚ ɫ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɩɪɢɜɨɞɨɦ ............449
ɩɪɢɜɨɞɚ ɤɨɦɩɪɟɫɫɨɪɚ.............................................................. 382 ɗɥɟɤɬɪɨɩɪɢɜɨɞ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɤɢ ɫɢɞɟɧɢɣ....................................450
ɉɟɪɟɞɧɢɣ ɤɨɧɞɟɧɫɨɪ ɢ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɜɟɧɬɢɥɹɬɨɪ ɤɨɧɞɟɧɫɨɪɚ..... 384 ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɰɟɧɬɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɛɥɨɤɢɪɨɜɤɢ ɡɚɦɤɨɜ ɞɜɟɪɟɣ ..............450
Ȼɨɤɨɜɨɣ ɤɨɧɞɟɧɫɨɪ ɢ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɜɟɧɬɢɥɹɬɨɪ ɤɨɧɞɟɧɫɨɪɚ ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɞɢɫɬɚɧɰɢɨɧɧɨɝɨ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɡɚɦɤɚɦɢ ɞɜɟɪɟɣ ......454
(ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɫ ɞɜɨɣɧɵɦ ɤɨɧɞɢɰɢɨɧɟɪɨɦ) .................................... 384 ɉɟɪɟɞɧɢɣ ɥɸɤ ɤɪɵɲɢ...............................................................456
Ɍɪɭɛɨɩɪɨɜɨɞɵ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɤɨɧɞɢɰɢɨɧɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ....................... 385 Ɂɚɞɧɢɣ ɥɸɤ ɤɪɵɲɢ ...................................................................457
ȼɨɡɞɭɯɨɜɨɞɵ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɜɟɧɬɢɥɹɰɢɢ ....................................... 387 Ʉɨɧɞɢɰɢɨɧɟɪ.............................................................................457
Ɉɬɥɢɱɢɹ ɞɥɹ ɤɨɧɞɢɰɢɨɧɟɪɚ ɫ ɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɉɨɞɨɝɪɟɜɚɬɟɥɶ ɳɟɬɨɤ ɨɱɢɫɬɢɬɟɥɹ ɜɟɬɪɨɜɨɝɨ ɫɬɟɤɥɚ...........466
ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟɦ ............................................................................ 388 Ɉɛɨɝɪɟɜɚɬɟɥɶ ɡɚɞɧɟɝɨ ɫɬɟɤɥɚ.................................................466
ɗɥɟɤɬɪɨɨɛɨɪɭɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɤɭɡɨɜɚ...............394 Ɉɛɨɝɪɟɜɚɬɟɥɢ ɩɟɪɟɞɧɢɯ ɫɢɞɟɧɢɣ...........................................468
Ɂɚɦɨɤ ɡɚɠɢɝɚɧɢɹ...................................................................... 394 Ɉɱɢɫɬɢɬɟɥɶ ɢ ɨɦɵɜɚɬɟɥɶ ɜɟɬɪɨɜɨɝɨ ɫɬɟɤɥɚ..........................469
Ⱥɤɤɭɦɭɥɹɬɨɪɧɚɹ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɹ ........................................................ 395 Ɉɦɵɜɚɬɟɥɶ ɮɚɪ ɝɨɥɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɫɜɟɬɚ...........................................470
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɢɡɦɟɪɢɬɟɥɟɣ ɢ ɭɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɟɣ ɧɚ ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɟ......... 395 Ɇɚɝɧɢɬɨɥɚ .................................................................................470
Ʉɨɦɛɢɧɚɰɢɹ ɩɪɢɛɨɪɨɜ............................................................. 396 Ɇɭɥɶɬɢɤɨɦɦɭɧɢɤɚɰɢɨɧɧɚɹ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ Mitsubishi......................471
Ȼɥɨɤ ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɭɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɟɣ......................................... 397 Ɂɭɦɦɟɪ ɩɪɟɞɭɩɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɹ ɨ ɤɥɸɱɟ, ɨɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɦ
Ⱦɚɬɱɢɤɢ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ ɧɚɪɭɠɧɨɝɨ ɜɨɡɞɭɯɚ ɜ ɡɚɦɤɟ ɡɚɠɢɝɚɧɢɹ ....................................................................473
ɢ ɜɨɡɞɭɯɚ ɜ ɫɚɥɨɧɟ .................................................................. 398 Ɂɭɦɦɟɪ ɩɪɟɞɭɩɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɹ ɨ ɜɤɥɸɱɟɧɧɨɦ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɢɢ ...........474
ɇɚɪɭɠɧɨɟ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɢɟ.............................................................. 398 ɑɚɫɵ...........................................................................................475
ȼɧɭɬɪɟɧɧɟɟ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɢɟ........................................................... 403 ɉɪɢɤɭɪɢɜɚɬɟɥɶ..........................................................................475
Ɂɜɭɤɨɜɨɣ ɫɢɝɧɚɥ ....................................................................... 404 Ⱥɧɬɢɛɥɨɤɢɪɨɜɨɱɧɚɹ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɨɜ .................................475
ɉɪɢɤɭɪɢɜɚɬɟɥɶ ......................................................................... 404 ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɩɨɥɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɚ Part Time 4WD ............................479
Ɋɨɡɟɬɤɚ ɞɥɹ ɩɨɞɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɹ ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɩɨɥɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɚ Super Select.................................479
ɨɛɨɪɭɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ........................................................................... 405 ɗɥɟɤɬɪɨɩɪɢɜɨɞ ɜɵɞɜɢɠɧɨɣ ɛɨɤɨɜɨɣ ɩɨɞɧɨɠɤɢ ....................480
ɗɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɵɟ ɱɚɫɵ................................................................... 405 ɗɥɟɤɬɪɨɩɪɢɜɨɞ ɞɨɜɨɞɱɢɤɚ ɫɞɜɢɠɧɨɣ ɞɜɟɪɢ .........................480
Ⱥɭɞɢɨɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ........................................................................... 405 ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɩɚɪɤɨɜɤɢ ....................................................................481
Ɉɛɨɝɪɟɜɚɬɟɥɶ ɡɚɞɧɟɝɨ ɫɬɟɤɥɚ ................................................ 407 ɒɬɨɪɤɢ ɩɪɨɡɪɚɱɧɨɣ ɤɪɵɲɢ......................................................481
ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɩɚɪɤɨɜɤɢ.................................................................... 409 ɗɥɟɤɬɪɨɩɪɢɜɨɞ ɲɬɨɪɨɤ............................................................482
ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ETACS....................................................................... 409 Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɪɚɡɴɟɦɵ ɤɨɧɞɢɰɢɨɧɟɪɚ ............................483
Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ ɪɚɡɴɟɦ ɩɟɪɟɞɧɢɯ
Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɚɹ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɩɚɫɫɢɜɧɨɣ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɬɭɦɚɧɧɵɯ ɮɚɪ .............................................................483
ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ (SRS)............................................................... 410 Ɋɨɡɟɬɤɚ ɞɥɹ ɩɨɞɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɹ ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ
Ɉɛɳɚɹ ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɹ ................................................................ 410 ɨɛɨɪɭɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ...........................................................................483
Ɇɟɪɵ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɪɢ ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɦ ɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɢ ......... 410 ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɨɫɥɚɛɥɟɧɢɹ ɧɚɬɹɠɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɦɧɟɣ
ɉɨɢɫɤ ɧɟɢɫɩɪɚɜɧɨɫɬɟɣ ............................................................ 411 ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ ............................................................................483
ɉɪɟɞɭɩɪɟɠɞɚɸɳɢɟ ɷɬɢɤɟɬɤɢ .................................................. 413 Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɚɹ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɩɚɫɫɢɜɧɨɣ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ ............484
Ɍɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɟ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ SRS ........................... 413 ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɠɢɦɚɦɢ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɚɦɨɪɬɢɡɚɬɨɪɨɜ ....484
Ⱦɚɬɱɢɤɢ ɥɨɛɨɜɨɝɨ ɭɞɚɪɚ ......................................................... 415
ɗɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɵɣ ɛɥɨɤ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ SRS ..................................... 415 ɋɯɟɦɵ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɨɛɨɪɭɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ (ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɫɯɟɦɵ ɞɥɹ
Ɇɨɞɭɥɢ ɩɨɞɭɲɟɤ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɫɩɢɪɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɩɪɨɜɨɞ ....... 416 ɦɨɞɟɥɟɣ ɜɵɩɭɫɤɚ ɫ 1994 ɝ.) ............................................ 486
ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɟɦ...........................................486
ɋɯɟɦɵ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɨɛɨɪɭɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ...............418 ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ȺɄɉɉ.....................................................486
ɉɨɹɫɧɟɧɢɹ ɤ ɫɯɟɦɚɦ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɨɛɨɪɭɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ......................... 418 Ɏɚɪɵ ɝɨɥɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɫɜɟɬɚ..............................................................488
Ȼɥɨɤɢ ɪɟɥɟ, ɩɪɟɞɨɯɪɚɧɢɬɟɥɢ ɢ ɩɥɚɜɤɢɟ ɜɫɬɚɜɤɢ ................. 419 Ɋɚɫɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ ɪɚɡɴɟɦɨɜ ɜ ɦɨɬɨɪɧɨɦ ɨɬɫɟɤɟ ............. 490
Ɋɚɫɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ ɬɨɱɟɤ ɫɨɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹ ɫ "ɦɚɫɫɨɣ"
ɢ ɨɛɳɚɹ ɫɯɟɦɚ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɩɪɨɜɨɞɤɢ ........................................... 422