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3/23/2010

MARKETING RESEARCH
PROJECT REPORT

PROFILE ANALYSIS
STUDY OF
ELECTRIC BIKE USERS
DECLARATION

Title: PROFILE ANALYSIS STUDY OF


ELECTRIC BIKE USERS

The project is submitted by Ankit singh (07),


Diksha Keshwani (19), Mahima Virmani (23),
Moeen Akhtar(27), Anita (60), Newton (G.Noida).
All sections of the text and results, which have
been obtained from other sources, are fully
referenced.
CERTIFICATE

This is to certify that the project work entitled


PROFILE ANALYSIS STUDY OF ELECTRIC
BIKE USERS being submitted by Ankit singh (07),
Diksha Keshwani (19), Mahima Virmani (23), Moeen
Akhtar (27), Anita (60), Newton (G.Noida) is a record
of work carried out under the supervision of Dr. Ajay
Pandit at JIMS, Kalkaji.
It is further certified that we have not submitted this
report to any other organization for any other degree.

(Dr. Ajay Pandit)


ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

This project reports on “PROFILE ANALYSIS


STUDY OF ELECTRIC BIKE USERS” has been
developed by Ankit singh (07), Diksha Keshwani (19),
Mahima Virmani (23), Moeen Akhtar(27), Anita (60),
Newton (G.Noida) under the supervision and guidance
of Dr. Ajay Pandit.

We thank Dr. Ajay Pandit for his painstaking effort,


which helped us throughout the working of the project.
It’s our privilege to acknowledge our deepest sense of
gratitude to him for his inspiration, which has helped us
immensely. The project could not have taken its present
form sans his endeavour and numerous suggestions. We
are extremely grateful for his unstinted support and
encouragement in the preparation of this project.
TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I: Introduction

PART II:

PART III:

PART IV:
INTRODUTION
The face of auto industry, that was redefined with the invention of fuel-efficient
four-stroke engine technology, is all set to see dawn of a new era in two-
wheeler industry. It's not petrol or diesel or any other fuel, but its electricity that
have initiated a revolution in two-wheeler industry in India.

Indian two-wheeler industry has embraced the new concept of Electric Bikes
and Scooters that are very popular mode of personal transport in the developed
countries like America, Japan and China. With the rising cost of fuel at
International and national level, increasing levels of pollution and congestion in
transport system specially in Urban areas, higher running and maintenance cost
of vehicle, the electrically charged bikes or scooters have very bright future in
area of personal transportation.

What is Electric Vehicle?

An Electric Bike or Scooter is a battery operated vehicle that is very economical


with low maintenance cost and zero pollution. Electric two wheelers use the
electrical technology of rechargeable battery that converts the electrical energy
into mechanical energy. The battery of an EV can be charged easily using a
power connection.

PURPOSE AND NEED OF ELECTRIC BIKES

Sustainable economic growth of India as well as rest of the world will depend
on effective energy planning. Nearly 40% of the world’s energy comes from
petroleum. Natural gas contributes to another 20% and these two natural
resources account for 60% of the world’s energy. The growth in consumption of
oil and natural gas in the past has been such that the consumption has been
doubling every 15 years. This trend is likely to continue and will lead to
complete depletion of natural resources in next 30 years.

It is significant to note that more than 20% of the world’s total primary energy
is consumed in transportation. There are more than 410 million cars currently in
the world and in another 20 years the automobile population will reach one
billion mark. It is also significant to note that after 1970 the new oil discoveries
have been very few and any new discoveries will not make any significant
contribution to the world’s energy pool.

Currently India imports about 70% of the fuels from abroad which is expected
to rise to 82% in 2012 if the rate of increase of fossil fuel powered vehicles
continues this way.

India can save over Rs 3700 crore in foreign exchange if three lacs of electric
vehicles come on road by 2020. There would also be significant health cost
savings as it could result in a reduction of over 16 lacs metric tons of CO, NOx,
and HC.

Transportation sector which consumes a large share of energy resource of the


country also contributes significantly towards pollution.

Economic and environmental forces are frequently pitted against each other and
many a times the financial cost of environmentally friendly technologies and
goods is so high that one has to strike a balance or look for Government
subsidies. Electric Vehicles are unique in this aspect as they are not only
economical but also environment friendly

The electric two-wheeler market is still at a nascent stage in India. As per


the Society for Manufacturers of Electric Vehicles, the sales of electric two-
wheelers in India are expected to double in next two years from nearly 1,20,000
bikes in 2009 to 2,40,000 bike in 2011 and 3,20,000 e-bikes in 2012.

EVs, including Electrotherm’s Yobykes, Hero Electric, TVS Motor and Oreva’s
E-bike, share a mere 1% pie of the nine million two-wheeler domestic market
sales annually, and has seen exit of several unorganised players (who would
import batteries from China and assemble EVs locally).

India also has the maximum market potential for EVs owing to an established
auto component infrastructure, low manufacturing and R&D costs. The
presence of large domestic market can be a boon to the EV manufacturers. It
can be efficient transportation vehicle in congested urban and metropolitan
areas where they have to stop at traffic signals again and again. They are perfect
for urban residents who commute between home and office within about 30-50
km per day. The EVs can transform urban India by reducing pollution and
improving public health.
YO BYKES

Electrotherm India Ltd (EIL), makers of Yobyke and India’s largest


manufacturer of electric battery operated two-wheelers, has a passion for petrol-
free cities.

YObykes are battery-operated, economical, and Zero Tail Pipe Emission two
wheelers.

YObykes are based on electrical technology where the rechargeable battery


replaces the conventional engine.

YObykes can be charged as easily as a mobile phone wherever electric power


connection is available.

Once fully charged Yobykes can travel up to 75kms in one charge depending on
the load, speed & road condition.

ELECTROTHERM (India) Ltd was the 1st company to launch Electric two-
wheeler under the brand name of YObykes in India on a national in an
organized manner.

With more than 200 YOWorld (an exclusive Sales, Service and Spares
facilities) and the largest customer base of more than 75000 YObykes users,
YObykes has redefined the electric two wheeler market in India.

ET has already established state-of-the-art manufacturing facility with capacity


to produce 2, 88,000 units per annum at Kutch in Gujarat.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

Profile Analysis of Electric bike users and potential customers of electric bikes.

RESEARCH OBJECTIVE

To understand the attitude and personality of electric bike customers.

SCOPE OF STUDY

It has good scope for marketers as well as the firms involved with the
manufacturing and sales of electric bikes and scooters. It would also help the
dealers and suppliers to know better about their customers and their attitude
and lifestyle. This study would also give them an idea which customers
should be targeted in order to enhance the market for electric bikes.
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 RESEARCH DESIGN:

The type of research design used in this study is exploratory research


followed by descriptive research.

The focus of descriptive research is to provide an accurate description for


something that is occurring. This type of research is by far the most
popular form of market research. It is used extensively when the research
purpose is to explain, monitor and test hypotheses, and can also be used
to a lesser extent to help make predictions and for discovery.

The research has been conducted by going to the field and collected data.
Moreover the research deign is a cross sectional design.

 NATURE OF DATA:

For this study we have gathered qualitative and quantitative data.


Quantitative research relies on statistics or numbers, which are the
domain of quantitative researchers.

Qualitative research seeks out the ‘why’, not the ‘how’ of its topic
through the analysis of unstructured information.

Qualitative research is used to gain insight into people's attitudes,


behaviours, value systems, concerns, motivations, aspirations, culture or
lifestyles. It’s used to inform business decisions, policy formation,
communication and research.

 SOURCE OF DATA:
Source of data has been both the primary and secondary data.

• Primary data: Questionnaire

Questionnaire design: Non disguise in nature.

 Consists of introductory part

 Basic /main body

 Classificatory data

 Open ended questions

 Multiple choice questions

 Likert’s scale format

• Secondary data:

The secondary data has been taken form internet, from Electrotherm
website (manufacturer of yo bykes), other websites, articles and
publications on electric bikes, journals and newspapers.

 SAMPLE DESIGN:

o Sample Element-
Owners of electric bikes (yo bikes), who are the early adopters and
non owners of electric bikes but enquirers of the same.

o Sample Unit:

Yo bike dealers, electric bike owners and people coming for


servicing and repair of their electric bikes.

o Extent-

Yo bike dealers in Delhi

o Time-

As per the convenience of the dealers of the electric bikes.

o Sample Frame-

Floating population

o Sample Procedure-

Non probabilistic sample (judgemental sample)

o Sample size-

150 units
Hello, we are students of Jagannath International Management
School, Kalkaji and we are conducting a Marketing Research on the
“Profile Analysis of Electric bike users”. All answers and your
personal information that you share with us will be kept private and
confidential.

Q1. Can you name any 3 electric bikes or company’s manufacturing electric
bikes? (Leave blank if you cannot recall)

___________ ____________ _____________

Q2. Please tick if you have heard about any of the following?

Electrotherm’s Yobykes

Hero Electric

TVS Motor

Oreva’s E-bike

Q3. Do you own an electric bike? If yes, which


_________________________________________________

Q4. When did you purchase the electric bike?

2005-06 2008-09

2006-07 2009-10

2007-08

Q5. For whom did you purchase the electric bike?

Q6. What is the age of the person for whom you purchased the electric bike?

10-12 18-20
13-15 20-25

16-18 25 & above

Q7. Please tick the one which you find the most appropriate:

Strongly Slightly Neutral Slightly Strongly


agree agree disagree disagree
Electric bike.....
Is battery-operated
Is pollution-free
Is economical (price)
Has a rechargeable battery
Can be charged easily
Consumes minimal
electricity while charging
Can travel up to 75kms in
one charge
Is easy to handle & drive
Is safe for children
Has smart looks
Doesn’t require vehicle
registration
Is easily available near your
house

Q8. What other type of vehicle do you own?

Bicycle Motorcycle

Scooter Car
Q9. Is your house owned or rented?

Q10. Occupation

Business Government employee

Pvt. Service Student

Home-maker

Q11. Your monthly income (in Rs.)

10,000-25,000 40,000-80,000

25,000-40,000 80,000 & above

Your suggestions are more valuable to us


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Thank you for giving us your precious time..! 