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NATIONAL TEXTILE UNIVERSITY

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY


Garment Manufacturing Department

Course Specifications
GM – 2041
Garment Manufacturing

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COURSE SPECIFICATIONS

Basic Information
Course Title: Garment Manufacturing
Course Code: GM - 2041
Course credits/week: Theory: 3 Lab: 3 Total: 4
Pre-requisite(s):
Co-requisite(s):
Program(s) on which the course is given: B. Sc. Textile Engineering ( GM )
Is the course major or minor element of the program: Major: Minor:
Department offering the program: Department of Garment Manufacturing
Department offering the course: Department of Garment Manufacturing
Academic year/level: 2nd Year 4th Semester
Revision #:
Last revised on (date):

Overall Aims of the Course


This course is design to give in-breath knowledge of Garment manufacturing
techniques/processes. This Includes the Study of Process Machinery, Operations, Design
technology (CAD/CAM), Apparel Design System (ADS), Stitches, Seams and threads, cutting,
sewing and pressing technology, finishing and packing sections.

Key Skills and Attributes to be Developed by the Course


Knowledge, - Understanding of Apparel business & different functional areas.
understanding and -New trends in apparel industry
application skills -Exploration of material sourcing processes
-The relationship among production standards, capacity & production
planning.
Analytical and -Development & use of product standards
problem solving skills -Examination of the contents of product specification.
- Garment analysis from professional & consumer perspective
-Examining production strategies & concepts
Design, synthesis and -Impact of resource management on plant productivity.
evaluation skills -understanding of different production layouts to enhance
productivity.
-Development of different type of samples (proto type, marketing,
production etc)
Communication, -Application of computer skills for development of different production
interpersonal and IT performa.
skills -Basic knowledge of customized software (GGT) for cutting & PD.

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Course Schedule
Week Module Intended Learning Outcomes
1 Overview of At the end of this week, the students will be able to:
apparel industry
- understand the structure of the apparel manufacturing industry
and types of in Pakistan as well as around the world
articles
- explain the supply chain of the apparel industry.
- differentiate between various clothing articles.

2 Types of articles At the end of this week, the student should be able to:
and apparel
-understand the complete process of product development starting
product from conception to tech packs
development
process -Explain the different terms used in design and development
process
-Correlate the design process with ready to wear production

3 Types of articles At the end of this week, the student should be able to:
and apparel
-Summarize the various steps involved in developing a sample
product garment.
development
process -Explain the various types of samples being prepared in the
apparel manufacturing (from customer approvals to bulk orders
confirmation)

4 Garment At the end of this week, the student should be able to:
Preparatory
-Explain the process flow of cutting department
-Explain the procedures of fabric receiving from folding/finishing
and issuance to the cutting section
-Explain the presentation of fabric like open width, doubled,
tubular, rolled, wound, plaited, etc.
-Explain the marker making, dimensions of a marker, marker
efficiency, marker quality, and methods of marker making.
-Explain the procedures for making a lay plan manual,
pantograph or computerized systems.
-Explain different types of lay plan like half garment lay, whole
garment lay, single size lay, multi-size lays including sectional
lays, interlocking lays, and mixed multi-size lays.

5 Fabric Spreading At the end of this week, the students should be able to:
and cutting
-Explain the spreading, spread or lay

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-Explain different types of lay/spread like single ply, multi-ply,
and stepped lay.
-Explain spread/lay height limitations
-Explain various methods of spreading being used in the industry
like manual method, spreading carriage method, and automatic
spreading machine method.
-Explain spreading modes like face to face, face one way, etc
-Explain spreading quality, setup for spreading, spreading
equipments, spreading time and cost.
-Explain cutting accuracy, cutting quality and cutting equipments.
-Explain the various steps involved in preparation for sewing
including position marking, shading, bundling, numbering, etc.
6 Sewing Process At the end of this week, the students should be able to:
-Explain the stitch formation of lock stitch, chain stitch, overlock
stitch, and coverstitch.
-Explain the stitching classes like edge finishing and ornamental
stitching.
-Explain the special stitch types used in apparel and home textiles
with their application.
-Explain different types of seams (superimposed seams, lapped
seams, bound seams, flat seam).
7 Sewing Process At the end of the week, the students should be able to:
-Explain the types and applications of sewing thread like spun
threads, monofilament threads, multifilament threads, monochord
thread, texturized thread, and core-spun threads on apparel
articles.
-Explain the sewing thread selection criteria including features
like sewability, size, strength, twist, seam performance, color
availability and fastness, put-up type and size, service and quality,
thread cost.
- Understand the use of Alternatives to thread like Adhesive and
welding technologies.
8 Sewing Machine At the end of the week, the students should be able to:
Fundamentals
-Explain the machine casting i.e. the machine outer covering and
the types of sewing machines on the basis of machine bed.
-Explain the sewing machine lubrication system.
-Explain the stitch forming mechanism of the sewing machine
(the parts and devices like thread control devices, needles,
bobbins, cases & hooks, looper, spreader, throat plate, tongue and
chaining devices.

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Mid-semester Examination
9 Sewing Machine At the end of the week, the students should be able to:
Fundamentals
- Explain the needle parts like shank, blade, scarf, groove, needle
eye, needle point, etc.
- Explain the various types of needle surface finishes like nickel
plating, chrome plating, super finishing and titanium coating.
- Explain the needle points classification and their application in
apparel
- Explain the needle and sewing thread relationship.
- Explain the material feeding system to sewing machine
- Explain the causes of general sewing Defects and their solution

10 Material Handling At the end of the week, the students should be able to:
Techniques
-Explain various types of apparel production systems.
-Explain progressive bundle system (PBS).
-Explain advantages & disadvantages of PBS.
-Explain unit production system (UPS).
-Explain advantages & disadvantages of UPS.
-Explain modular production system (MPS).
-Explain advantages & disadvantages of MPS.
11 Stages of At the end of this week, the students should be able to:
Technology -Introduce manually operated general-purpose machines.
Advancement
-Introduce semiautomatic machines.
-Introduce automatic machines.
-Understand the implementation of stages of technological
advancements in sewing machines i.e. Mechanization, automation
and robotics.
12 Apparel At the end of the week, the students should be able to:
Accessories & -Explain the general types of apparel support materials being used
Work Aids in apparel manufacturing.
-Explain interlinings, properties of interlinings, application of
interlinings.
-Explain linings, types of linings, properties and functions of
linings, etc.
-Explain other support materials like adhesives; collar stays, and
shoulder pads, etc. with their respective application in the apparel.
-Explain various types of trims being used in apparel.

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-Explain the function and application of trims like embroidery,
appliqué, laces, knit trims, screen prints and heat transfer prints.

13 Apparel At the end of the week, the students should be able to:
Accessories & -Explain different types of closure.
Work Aids
-Explain zipper, and different parts of a zipper with applications.
-Explain Explain buttons & Buttonholes with different sizes of
buttons being used in apparel.
-Introduce and explain work aids and attachments being used in
the apparel.
-Explain the main purpose of work aids.
-Explain common types of attachments.
14 Garment At the end of the week, the students should be able to:
Pressing -Explain basic purpose of pressing in garments.
Technology
-Explain the basic elements of pressing i.e. heat, steam, pressure,
and time.
-Explain pressing equipments both manual and automatic.
-Explain pressing operations/types of pressing i.e. under pressing
and top pressing.
-Explain pressing techniques being used in apparel like flat
pressing, steaming, and molding.
-Introduce the technological advancement in the pressing
equipments.
15 Finishing & At the end of the week, the students should be able to:
Packing
- Identify various kinds of stains found in the garments.
- Explain the basic principles used for stain removing.
- identify Packing types, packing material and Garment
Presentation

16 Care Labels At the end of the week, the students should be able to:
- Understand how to write care instruction.
- Explain different care symbols, there application and use.

End-semester examination

Teaching and Learning Methods

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- Multimedia Teaching
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Required Learning Resources


Text Book(s): Apparel Manufacturing : (Sewn Product Analysis)
(Title, Author, Edition, Publisher)
Ruth E. Glock , Grace I. Kunz

2000 Prentice Hall,


Reference Book(s): 1) Clothing Technology
(Title, Author, Edition, Publisher)
Eberle, H. (Ed.)

Verlag Europa- Lehrmittel 2002

2) Fashion from concept to consumer

Frings, Gini Stephens

Prentice Hall, 1999


Journals/Periodicals:
(Title, Publisher)
Websites:

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