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INTRODUCTION

In answering science questions, pupils are normally confused and not clear
about the
Science Process Skills terminology. To make it easier, we teachers, should come
to
an agreement where the usage of the correct methods and techniques are
essential.
The following suggestions could be helpful for several Science Process Skills.

2.1 Manipulate variable (MV) / What to change (wtc) :


Things which are being changed during the experiment.
Question : 1. Based on the investigation, state what to change.
Answering format : 1. (Parameter) + objects / materials / situations
Answer : 1. Amount of sunlight.

2.2 Respond variable (RV) / What to observe (wto) :


Things which are being observed, measured or recorded during and after the
experiment
Question : 1. State what to observe in this experiment.
Answering format : 1. (Parameter) + objects / materials / situations.
Answers : 1. Height of the plants.
2. Size of the rabbits.

2.3 Constant / Fix variable (FV) / What to keep the same (wts) :
Things which are being kept the same before, during and after the experiment.
Question : 1. State what is kept the same in this experiment.
Answering format : 1. (Parameter) + objects / materials / situations.
Answers : 1. Type of the plant. / Place of experiment. / Amount of
water.

2.4 Hypothesis / Relationship


Suggested statements that explain the relationship between the (MV / wtc) and
(RV / wto) which are not being verified by an experiment .
Questions : 1. What is the hypothesis of this experiment?
2. State one hypothesis based on this investigation?
Answering format : 1. As / If / When the (MV / wtc) increased / decreased,
the
(RV / wto) increased / decreased.
2. The more / less the (MV / wtc), the more/ less the(RV /
wto).
Answers : 1. As / If / When the amount of sunlight increases, the
height
of the plant increases.
2. The more amount of food, the bigger the rabbit.
2.5 Aim:
Purpose of the investigation or things to find out.
Questions : 1. What is the aim / purpose of the investigation above?
2. What can you find out from this investigation
Answering format : 1. To investigate / find out the relationship between the
(MV/
wtc) and (RV / wto).
2. To investigate / find out the effect of (MV / wtc)
on (RV / wto).
Answers : 1. To investigate / find out the relationship between the
amount of sunlight and height of the plants.
2. To investigate / find out the effect of the amount of
sunlight
and the height of the plants.

2.6 Predict:
The ability to forecast about what will happen based on the given data or prior
knowledge.
Questions : 1. Predict the length of the string if a 5 kg load is used.
2. What will happen to the plant if it is covered with
a black plastic?
Answers : 1. The length of spring…
2. The plant will die.
3. *depends on the result of the investigation or from the
data
given.
2.7 Trend
Questions : 1. State the trend / pattern of the height of the plant.
Answering format : 1. Increasing / Decreasing / Same
Answer : 1. *depends on the result of the investigation or from the
data
given.
2.8 Conclusion
Questions : 1. Write down a conclusion for the investigation above.
2. What can you learn from the investigation?
Answering format : 1. As / If / When the (MV / wtc) increased / decreased,
the (RV / wto) increased / decreased.
2. The more / less the (MV / wtc), the more / less the
(RV / wtc)
Answers : 1. As / If / When the amount of sunlight increases, the
height
of the plant increases.
2. The more the amount of food, the bigger the rabbit.
3. *depends on the result of the investigation or from the
data
given.