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ОСНОВНОЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ ЭКЗАМЕН

Е. Н. Соловова, Е. С. Маркова, Toni Hull

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АНГЛИИСКИП ЯЗЬIК
ТИПОВЬIЕ ТЕСТОВЬIЕ ЗАДАНИЯ

Задания к разделам
- аудирование
-чтение

-грамматика и лексика
-письмо

-говорение

Тексты к аудиозаписям

Ответы ко все.м заданиям


Критерии оценивания
Компакт-диск
с текстами для аудирования

Центр изучения английского языка


Елены Солововой

МОСКВА, 2016
УДК 372.8:811.111
ББК 74.268.1Англ
С60

Соловова Е. Н.
С60 ОГЭ 2016. Английский язык. Типовые тестовые задания 1 Е. Н. Солово~ Е. С. Маркова, Toni Hull.-
М. : Цеmр изучения английского языка Елены Солововой, 2016. - 87, [ 1] с
ISBN 978-5-451-00061-8

Данное пособие ориентировано на подготовку учащихся для успешной сдачи ОГЭ по английскому языку за
курс основной школы в 2016 году.
Предлагаемое пособие содержит информацию о структуре и содержании ОГЭ по английскому языку.
В пособии предлагаются пять полных вариантов экзаменационной работы в формате ОГЭ.
Материалы пособия можно использовать на занятиях под руководством учителя, а также в ходе самостоя­
тельной подготовки к экзамену. Предложенные задания позволяют проверить и оценить уровень готовности
к ОГЭ, определить сильные и слабые стороны своей подготовки.
Пособие предназначено учителям английского языка и методистам, учащимся 8-9 классов школ и всем тем,
кто готовит и готовится к ОГЭ по английскому языку.

УДК 372.8:811.111
ББК 74.268.1Анrл

Формат 60х90/8.
Гарнитура «Школьная». Бумага газетная. Уч.-изд. л. 3,21.
Уел. печ. л. 11. Тираж 14 000 экз. Заказ N~ 1901/15.

ISBN 978-5-451-00061-8 © Соловова Е. Н., Маркова Е. С., Toni Hull, 2016


© Центр изучения английского языка Елены Солововой, 2016
СОДЕРЖАНИЕ

ПИСЬМЕННАЯ ЧАСТЬ

Инструкция по выполнению работы ................................................................................. 6

Варианты экзамена в формате ОГЭ. Письмеиная часть ...................................................... 7

Вариант 1 ............................................................................................................... 7
Раздел 1. Аудирование ........................................................................................ 7

Раздел 2. Чтение ................................................................................................. 9

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика ......................................................................... 12

Раздел 4. Письмо ............................................................................................. 14

Вариант 2 ............................................................................................................. 15
Раздел 1. Аудирование ...................................................................................... 15
Раздел 2. Чтение .............................................................................................. 17
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика ......................................................................... 20
Раздел 4 .. Письмо ............................................................................................. 22

Вариант 3 ............................................................................................................. 23
Раздел 1. Аудирование ...................................................................................... 23
Раздел 2. Чтение ....................................................... ·....................................... 25
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика ......................................................................... 28
Раздел 4. Письмо ............................................................................................. 30

Вариант 4 ............................................................................................................. 31
Раздел 1. Аудирование ...................................................................................... 31
Раздел 2. Чтение ........................................................................ .'..................... 33
Раздел 3. Грамма тика и лексика .......................................................................... 36
Раздел 4. Письмо ............................................................................................. 38

Вариант 5 ............................................................................................................. 39
Раздел 1. Аудирование ...................................................................................... 39
Раздел 2. Чтение .............................................................................................. 41
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика ......................................................................... 44
Раздел 4. Письмо ............................................................................................. 46
Приложен.ие 1 .......................................... ~ •..•••••••••.•.••••.••............................................. 4 7

Тексты для аудирования ......................................................................................... 47

Вариант 1 ............................................................................................................. 47
Задание 1 ........................................................................................................ 4 7
Задание 2 ........................................................................................................ 48
ЗадаiJИЯ 3-8 .................................................................................................... 4 9

Вариант 2 ............................................................................................................. 51
Задание 1 ............................................................................................... ·......... 51
Задание 2 ........................................................................................................ 52
Задания 3-8 .................................................................................................... 53

Вариант 3 ................................................................................. ~· .......................... 55


Задание 1 ........................................................................................................ 55
Задание 2 ........................................................................................................ 56
Задания 3-8 .................................................................................................... 57

Вариант 4 ............................................................................................................. 59
Задание 1 ........................................................................................................ 59
Задание 2 ........................................................................................................ 60
Задания 3-8 .................................................................................................... 61

Вариант 5 ............................................................................................................. 63
Задание 1 ........................................................................................................ 63
Задани е 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Задания 3-8 .................................................................................................... 65

Приложепие 2 ............................................................................................................. 67

Ответы ................................................................................................................. 6 7
· Вариант 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 7
Вариант 2 ....................................................................................................... 68
Вариант 3 ....................................................................................................... 69
Вариант 4 ....................................................................................................... 7 О
Вариант 5 ....................................................................................................... 71

УСТНАЯ ЧАСТЬ
Инструкция по выполнению работы ............•.................................................................. 72

Варианты экзамена в формате ОГЭ. У ствая часть ............................................................ 72

4
КАРТОЧКИ УЧАЩЕГОСЯ .................................................................................... . 73
Вариант 1 73
Вариант 2 74
Вариант 3 75
Вариант4 76
Вариант 5 77

Приложепие 3 ............................................................................................................. 78

КАРТОЧКИ ЭКЗАМЕНТОРА -СОБЕСЕДНИКА .......................................................... 78


Вариант 1 ....................................................................................................... 78
Вариант 2 ...................••.•............•....••........................•.......••...........••.............. 79
Ба риант3 ....................................................................................................... 80
Вариант 4 ....................................................................................................... 81
Вариант 5 ....................................................................................................... 82

Приложе ни е 4 .................................................................................................. ·........... 83

Критерии оценивания выполнения задания 34 •Говорение. Монологическая речь~


(Максимум 6 баллов) .............................................................................................. 83

Критерии оценивания выполнения задания 35 ((Говорение. Диалогическая речь~


(Максимум 9 баллов) .............................................................................................. 85
ПИСЬМЕННАЯ ЧАСТЬ

ИНСТРУКЦИЯ ПО ВЫПОЛНЕНИЮ РАБОТЫ

Письменная часть экзаменационной работы по английскому языку состоит из четырёх


разделов, включающих в себя 33 задания.
На выполнение заданий письменной части экзаменационной работы отводится 2 часа
(120 минут).
В разделе 1 (задания по аудированию) предлагается прослушать несколько текстов и
выполнить 8 заданий на понимание прослуmанных текстов. Рекомендуемое время на
выполнение заданий данного раздела- 30 минут.
Раздел 2 (задания по чтению) содержит 9 заданий на понимание прочитанных текстов.
Рекомендуемое время на выполнение заданий раздела- 30 минут.
Раздел
3 (задания по грамматике и лексике) состоит из15 заданий. Рекомендуемое время на
выполнение заданий раздела - 30 минут.
Ответы к заданиям 3-8 и 10-17 записываются в виде одной цифры, которая соответствует
номеру правильного ответа. Эта цифра записывается в поле ответа в тексте работы.
Ответы к заданиям 1, 2, 9, 18-32 записываются в виде последовательности цифр или слова
(словосочетания) в поле ответа в тексте работы.
В случае записи неверного ответа на задания разделов 1-3 неверный ответ следует
зачеркнуть и записать рядом новый.
В разделе 4 (задание по письму) дано 1 задание, предлагающее написать личное письмо.
Задание выполняется на отдельном листе или бланке. Рекомендуемое время на выполнение
задания- 30 минут.
При выполнении заданий можно пользоваться черновиком. Записи в черновике не
учитываются при оцепивании работы.
Баллы, полученные Вами за выполненные задания, суммируются. ПостарайтесЪ выполнить
как можно больше заданий и набрать наибольшее количество баллов.

Жеяаем успеха!

6
Варианты экзамена в формате ОГЭ. Письменная часть

ВАРИАНТ1

Ра~ел1.Аудирование

Вы услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных А, В, С, и D. Определите, где


происходит каждый из этих диалогов. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1-5
только одип раз. В задании есть одпо лишпее место действия. Вы услышите запись
дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с
заданием.

[!] 1. At а pharmacy
2. At the den tist
3. At the doctor's office
4. At the veterinary clinic
5. At а hospital

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

I,Циалог А в с D

Вы услышите пять высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями


каждого говорящего А-Е и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-6. Используйте ~еаждое
утверждение из списка 1-6 только одип раз. В задании есть одпо лишпее утверждепие. Вы
услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. У вас есть 30 секунд, чтобы
ознакомиться с заданием.

[Ю 1. Very personal artwork just for the bride.


2. Why the groom circles the church three times.
3. Special plants for а happy marriage.
4. How mom and dad can guarantee а wealthy marriage.
5. Wear the right colour and study the stars.
6. Colours and shapes are traditional and symbolic.

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

А в с D Е

7
Вы услышите разговор с ветерипарg&.В заданиях· :J-г8,в-поле ответа запишите одпу цифру,
которая соответствует по.меру правильного ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

[Ю Dr. Manuel Gutierrez mainly works with


, 1) pets ofcelebrities.
2) exotic animals.
3) elderly pets.
~ Dr. Manuel Gutierrez states that the pets of his clients
1) nees special care.
2) are like other pets.
3) lack love.
@] What is NOT TRUE according to Dr. Gutierrez?
1) Pet-keepers live longer.
2) Pet-keepers live happier lives.
3) lt's beneficial hire dog-walkers.
~ According to Dr. Gutierrez having а pet is а sort of therapy Ьecause pets can
1) understand people.
2) compensate for the lack of сотраnу.
3) help you to keep fit.
[1] Medical statistics prove that living with pet
1) raises cholesterollevels.
2) reduces resistance to illesses and stress.
3) lower Ьlood pressure.
~ According to Dr. Gu tierrez
1) having а pet means responsibility.
2) all people should have pets.
3) pet-keeping is expensive.
Раздел 2. Чтение

Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие .между l'!t.екстами и их заго_лов~ами: к ·


. . '
' ~

каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами A-G, подберите соответствующий заголовок;


обозначенный цифрами. И с пользуйте каждую цифру только один, раа. В заданuи есть один,
лишн,ий ааzол,овок.

[!] 1. One product - many dishes


2. Simple to prepare
3. Once local - now global
4. Good for everyone
5. More than food
6. Impossihle to grow
7. Synonymous to food
8. Differren t tahle manners
А. Over the centuries, rice has become а part of the traditions of many cultures. In some
societies, it is traditional to throw а handful of rice on newlywed couples, symbolizing
the wish for а large family and prosperity. In India, rice is traditionally the first food
that bride offers her new husband. It is typical for people to leave offerings of rice in
Buddhist temples. In Thailand, the annual Royal Plowing Ceremony has taken place in
front of the Grand Palace in Bangkok for seven centuries.

В. The basic recipe for cooking rice is easy. First you need to bring 2 cups of water to boil.
When the water is boiling, add 1 cup of rice. Cover the pot. As soon as the water boils
again, reduce the heat. Let the rice cook for 15 to 20 minutes. The rice is ready when all
the water is absorbed. It's now possihle to buy rice cooking machines that cook perfect
rice every time, especially in large quantities. This is particularly helpful in Asian
cultures, where families often eat rice with every meal. In these countries, rice is also
used to make pancakes, sweets and wine - indeed almost anything!

С. Rice is the primary source of nutrition for more than half of the world's population.
Countries as different as Japan, India, Nigeria and Mexico use rice in their national
cuisine. In Chinese, the word for rice is the same as the word for food. And in Thailand,
when you call your family to а meal, you say "eat rice." So it's easy to understand why
the 2008 global rice shortage was а real crisis for billions of people. In some countries
the shortage led to big price increases. Some governments had to control the sale of rice.

D. Many people consider rice to Ье one of the healthiest of possihle food choices. It has no
sodium or cholesterol, and almost no fat. One half cup of rice has approximately
100 calories, and those calories are rich in important vitamins and minerals, including
folic acid, iron and zinc. Many athletes eat rice because as а carbohydrate it is а great
source of energy. Rice even has certain chemicals in it that are supposed to improve
your mood. Brown rice is the healthiest of all because it is 100°/о grain.

.9
Е. Archeologists believe that rice has been grown as а source of food for at least
4000 years. It was first grown in China, and then introduced to India. Over the
centuries the practice of growing rice has spread literally across the globe. Today rice is
grown in Peru, Egypt, and even the United States, but over 90о/о of the world's rice is
s_till grown in Asian countries. Rice is best grown in wet, sub-tropical climates., and in
many countries it is still-cultivated using intensive human and animallaЬor. For this
reason, large families are still typical, and the water buffalo is а valued possession.
F. One of the amazing things about rice is how adaptaЬle it is. It is an essential ingredient
in cuisines all around the world- cuisines as different as Japanese, Mexican, and West
Mrican. The Japanese combine sticky rice with raw fish to create numerous varieties of
sushi. Mexican rice, flavored with cumin and tomatoes, is а colorful side dish. Every
country in West Mrica has its own version of а regional rice dish called jollof, often
served with fried plantain, а kind of banana.

G. All around the world people eat rice in different ways. In India it is traditional to eat
rice with your right hand. You just mix the rice with а little curry, roll it into aЪall, and
рор it into your mouth. In China it's common to use chopsticks (or kиaizi). People in
Korea, Thailand and Vietnam eat their rice with а spoon. And in European countries and
in the United States rice is eaten with а fork.
Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

!Тексты А в с D Е F G

Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведёппых 1:1тверждепий. 10-17


соответствуют содержанию текста ( 1 - True ), какие песоответствуют ( 2 - False) и о
чё.м в тексте ne сказано, то есть па осповапии текста нельзя дать пи положительного, пи
отрицательного ответа (3 - Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одпу цифру, которая
соответствует номеру правильного ответа.

Nancy Bird Walton was а pioneering Australian airwoman. In the 1930s, rejecting the
traditional role of females of her time, she became а fully qualified pilot. She was only 19 at the
time.
Nancy Bird wanted to fly almost as soon as she could walk. In 1933, at the age of 18, her
passion drove her to take flying lessons. Sir Charles Kingsford Smith, who was the first man to fly
across the mid-Pacific, had just opened а pilots' school near Sydney, and she was among his first
pupils. Most women learnt to fly for fun, but N ancy planned to fly for а living.
Using а legacy of 200 pounds from а great aunt plus money loaned Ьу her father, Nancy bought
her first aircraft, а Gipsy Moth. Soon after, N ancy and her friend Peggy McKillop took off on а
tour, landing at country fairs and giving rides to people who had never seen an aircraft before, let
alone а female pilot. Whilst touring, Bird met Reverend Stanley Drummond. Не wanted her to set
up а flying medical service in New South Wales. In 1935, Nancy was hired to operate the service.
Nancy's own Gipsy Moth was used as an air ambulance. Soon she was аЬlе to buy а better-equipped
aircraft, and she began covering more and more distant territory. She told others that it was
rewarding but lonely work.
10
During World War 11, Nancy trained women in skills needed to help the men flying in the Royal
Australian Air Force. She was 24 when she married an Englishman, Charles Walton, with whom she
had two children. ln 1950, Nancy founded the Australian Women Pilots' Association (AWPA). ln
the following decades she received many honors.
One of her last 'interviews was for the feature length documentary film Flying Sheilas which
provided а unique insight into her life along with seven other Australian female pilots. ln all her
years of flying, Nancy was never involved in an accident despite the great risks involved in the early
years of aviation.

ltol Nancy Bird broke the traditional perception of careers for women.
1)TRUE 2)FALSE 3) NOT STATED
[!!] There were other women learning to fly at the same time as Nancy did.
1)TRUE 2)FALSE 3)NOTSTATED
lt2/ Sir Charles Smith gave lesson in his school for free.
1)TRUE 2)FALSE 3) NOT STATED
ltзl Nancy had to Ьorrow money to buy her first airplane.
1)TRUE 2) FALSE 3) NOT STATED
lt4l Nancy was the founder the first flying medical service.
1)TRUE 2)FALSE 3)NOTSTATED
lt5l During World War 11 Nancy was а war pilot.
1) TRUE 2) FALSE 3) NOT STATED
lt6/ Nancy was happy as а wife and as а mother.
1)TRUE 2)FALSE 3)NOTSTATED
lt7/ Nancy was extremely lucky as а pilot.
1)TRUE 2) FALSE 3)NOTSTATED

11
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглflвными


буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 18-26, так, чтобы они грамматически
соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами.
Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 18-26.

Recently Harry Potter author J.K. Rowling has announced the


latest addition to _ _ hugely successful fictional phenomenon. SHE

It's а website - - - - Pottermore.com. CALL

The official online announcement reads: "Pottermore is а free


website that an exciting online experience around the CREATE
reading of the Harry Potter books."

The author says there _____ а lot of new information on all ВЕ

the characters' backgrounds and on wizardly locations.

There is currently no official Harry Potter website. Of course,


almost everyone in the world of the Harry Potter books. HEAR

The story when young Harry receives an invitation to go BEGIN


to а boarding school for wi:z;ards and witches.

Hogwarts _ _ _ _ to have many typical features of British BELIEVE


boarding schools.

But many people think that the books _ _ _ _ so popular ВЕСОМЕ

among teenagers and youngsters

because of the time the main characters live and act МАNУ

without any adults around.

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными

буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 27-32, так, чтобы они грамматически и
лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными

словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 27-32.

12
The FIFA Women's World Cup is recognized as the most
- - - - international event in women's football. IMPORTANCE
Played every four years, the first Women's World REGULAR
Cup Tournament was held in 1991.
The tournament was the brainchild of Joao Havelange. INITIAL
Не was the FIFA president at that time. Since the first
СО МРЕТЕ

both American and _ _ _ teams have won the Cup twice. GERМANY

The next - - - will Ье held in Canada in 2015. СНАМРIОN

13
Раздел 4. nисьмо
/

Для ответа на задание 33 используйте отдельный лист. При выполнении задания 33 особое
внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям,
сделанным на отдельном чистом листе. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться
экспертом. Обратите внимание также на .необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма
письма. Письма недостаточного обоёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая
требуемый объём, не оцениваются.

lззl You have 30 minutes to do this task. You have received а letter from your English-
speaki~g pen friend, Clare .

...Му Granny was 83 yesterday, but she's still full of life. All our big and friendly
family gathered to her birthday. What сап you say about your family? Нош often
and for what occasions do you meet? What do you like to do together?

Write her а letter and answer her 3 questions.


Write 100-120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.

14
ВАРИАНТ.2

Ра~елt.Аудирование

Вы услышите четыре коротких диалога, (Jбозначенных А, В, С, и D. Определите, где


происходит каждый из этих диалогов. Используйте каждое .место действия из списка 1-5
только одип раз. В задании есть одпо лишпее место действия. Вы услышите запись
дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с
заданием.

[!] 1.-Дt а fruit stand


2. In а restaurant
3. At the school canteen
4. At the bakery
5. At the butcher's shop

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

~Диалог А в с D

Вы услышите пять высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказы,ваниями


каждого говорящего А -Е и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-б. И с пользуйте каждое
утверждение из списка 1-б только одип раз. В задании есть одпо лишпее утверждение. Вы
услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. У вас есть 30 секунд, чтобы
ознакомиться с заданием.

[Ю 1. The speaker is а couch potato after work.


2. The speaker's hobby is cooking.
3. The speaker is getting а second education.
4. The speaker spends evenings at home wi th the family.
5. The speaker relaxes Ьу keeping fi t after а working day.
6. The speaker prefers to relax Ьу dining out.

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

А в с D Е
Вы услышите разговор учителя с .мистером Смитом. В заданиях 3-8 в поле ответа
запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Вы услышите
запись дважды.

[!) What's the proЬlem with Johnny?


1) His school grades are very bad.
2) His grades are worse than they used to Ъе.
3) Не doesn't want to go to school any more.
[!] Johnny often plays math games
1) during his school classes.
2) at home in the evenings.
3) on family trips.
@] The teacher is mainly worried about Johnny's
1) poor performance in Math.
2) bad grades in biology.
3) lack of interest in class.
[!) What is NOT TRUE according to Mr. Smith?
1) Johnny quarreled with his friends while building а fort.
2) Johnny likes his school teacher and finds her lessons interesting.
3) There aren't any family proЬlems to worry about.
[!) What's wrong with the Johnny's seat?
1) It's too far from the front.
2) It's Ьу the window.
3) It's uncomfortaЬle.
~ Who was the first to understand the.proЬlem,?
1) Mr. Smith.
2) The teacher.
3) ·Both at the same time.

16
Раздел 2. Чтение

Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к


каждому тексту, обозпачеппому буквами A-G, подберите соответствующий за_головок:,
обозпачеппый цифрами. Ис пользуйте каждую цифру толь~о· один, раа: В задании' .ecinь оди~
лишкий аагоlЮвох.

~ ·1. Meaningful nате


2. Times and associations
3. Still the first in the list of destruction
4. Severe and powerful
5. Unique in many ways
6. Тоо much to remain pure
7. Natural flow preserved
8. Center of development

А. The fifth longest river in the world is the Yenisei which flows north from Mongolia
through Russia to the Arctic Ocean. Originally, nomadic tribes - the Kit and Yugh
people -lived along the banks of the Yenisei. Russian explorers first reached its shores
in 1605. Much of the Yenisei is ice-bound six or more months in the year. Explosives are
used to keep the water flowing, thereby avoiding serious flooding. А series of massive
hydroelectric dams provide energy to support Russian industry.
В. Known as the "cradle of Chinese civilization", the У ellow River in China is the 6th
longest river in the world. It's been а major center of Chinese population and culture
since the 3rd century В.С. However, the Yellow River has another nате - "China's
Sorrow". For thousands of years, the river has regularly. flooded, destr9ying the
surrounding countryside and populations. Today over а dozen dams control the flooding
and also provide electricity f or millions.
С. Every year schoolchildren everywhere learn the names ·Of the world's great rivers.
Everyone knows the longest river is the Nile. Or is it? Brazilian and Peruvian
scien tists now argue tha t the Amazon should Ье considered the longest ( using
complicated measurements only scientists can understand). But for now, the Nile
still wins the title of "longest river" in textbooks. The Nile has always been the
lifeline of Egyptian civilization. The annual flooding of the river creates rich
agricultural soil, ideal for growing wheat and flax and other crops
D. When people think of the Mississippi River, their first thought is usually of Mark
Twain and the adventures of Тот Sawyer and Huck Finn. They may not recall from
their childhood geography lessons that the Mississippi is the fourth longest river in the
world. For thousands of years, Native Americans lived along the Mississippi, mostly
living as hunter-gatherers and herders. That life changed forever when Europeans first
arrived in the 16th century; today the Mississippi plays а crucial role in the economic life
of dozens of cities and small towns situated along its shores.
·17
Е. The third longest river is the Yangtze River in China. The river plays а very important
role in China's history, culture and economy. Nearly one-third of China's huge
population lives along the Yangtze river. The Yangtze is one of the world's busiest
waterways. Everything is transported along the Yangtze: coal, cars, produce and people.
The river also attracts таnу tourists who. take cruises through the famous Three Gorges
. area. Sadly, because of the heavy traffic on the river and industry along its; banks the
У angtze is very polluted.

F. The Nile may still earn the title for longest river, but the Amazon- the second longest
- has the greatest volume Ьу far. The Amazon contains approximately one-fifth of the
water flowing in the world's rivers. Uniquely, there are no bridges crossing the Amazon
anywhere along its long route. Most of the Amazon flows through tropical rainforests,
where there are few roads or cities- and therefore no need for bridges. The Amazon
Rainforest is the home of more than one-third of all animal and plant species in the
world.

G. From its origins in the Altay Mountains in China, the Irtysh flows north-west through
Kazakhstan, and finally merges with the ОЬ, in western Siberia, Russia. The ОЬ is 7th
longest river in the world. In the 1960s and 1970s proposals to reverse the Jlow of the
Irtysh among other Northern rivers were seriously and widely discussed. These gigantic
water management schemes meant to supply water to central Kazakhstan and
Uzbekistan. Thanks to Kazakh and Russian environmentalists and lack of money they
were not implemented.
Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

~Тексты А в с D Е F G
Заголовки

Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10-17


соответствуют содержанию текста (1- True), какие не соответствуют (2- False) и о
чё.м в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни
отрицательного ответа (3- Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая
соответствует номеру правильного ответа.

Online social networking is а 21st century phenomenon. Today, in the second decade of the
century, internet service is widely availahle throughout the world and relatively affordahle (even if
someone doesn't have his or her own computer, internet cafes are everywhere). This has made it
possihle for online social networking to become а central part of many people's lives.
Though not the first service, Facebook is probahly the most famous and most widely used of all
the services. Ву July 2011, Facebook had more than 750 million active users. Facebook was
launched in 2004 Ьу Mark Zuckerberg and several of his college roommates and fellow students at
Harvard University in the United States. The site allows "friends" to share what they're doing at
any single moment, play games, post photos, and wish each other Нарру Birthday. For many people,
it's hard to imagine what life was like before Facebook.
But of course Facebook is not the only social networking site. А number of countries have
developed their own sites, for example Vkontakte in Russia. Ву early 2011, Vkontakte had around
18
135 million accounts. The site was launched in 2006 Ьу Pavel Durov, а graduate of St. Petersburg
State University. Vkontakte is quite similar to Facebook but has one advantage: it uses а special
technology allowing users to share larger files. Unfortunately, Vkontakte has had repeated
prohlems with spam.
There is no doubt that social networking is here to stay. But not everyone agrees about its
benefits to society. Academic researchers are now studying how these sites are influencing
important areas of society, such as identity, privacy, youth culture and education. The technology
continues to develop, with "real-time web" and GPS tracking making it possiЬle to locate our
friends, and Ье located, anytime, anywhere. Of course, this information may also become known
to marketers and hackers.
Like anything, social networking can Ье used for either good or bad. Sadly, online bullying is
relatively common (this is when one person spreads cruel or untrue stories about another person).
But on а more positive note, social networking tools have played an important role in international
political events. In the winter of 2011, young Egyptians used Facebook and other services to plan
their protests and share news not only with each other, but with the world.

110 1 Lots of people today are addicted to social networking.


1)TRUE 2) FALSE 3) NOT STATED
[!.!] FaceЬook was the pioneer of social networking.
1)TRUE 2)FALSE 3) NOT STATED
112/ Vkontacte is а later replica of Facebook for Russia.
1)TRUE 2)FALSE 3) NOT STATED
/131 It's obvious that social networking is harmful for the society.
1)TRUE 2)FALSE 3)NOTSTATED
114/ Scientists have proved that social sets have most unwilling effect on youth culture and
education.
1)TRUE 2)FALSE 3) NOT STATED
/15/ Modern technology reduces our right for privacy.
1)TRUE 2)FALSE 3) NOT STATED
116/ Social networking can Ье used to spread false information and deliЬerately harm people.
1)TRUE 2)FALSE 3)NOTSTATED
/17/ Social networking makes it impossiЬle to hide true information about international events.
1)TRUE 2)FALSE 3) NOT STATED

19
Раздел З. ГрамматИка и лексика

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Иреобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными


буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 18-26, так, чтобы они грамматически
соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами.
Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 18-26.

The famous American poet Мауа Angelou was Ьorn in St. Louis,
Missouri, in 1928. When she _ _ _ three years old, her parents ВЕ
divorced.
She and her older brother were sent to live with - - - - - ТНЕУ
grandmother.
Growing up at her _ _ _ _ was а difficult, unhappy time for GRANDMOTHER
Мауа.

For almost four years, she - - - - to no one but her brother. SРЕАК

Still she grew up а successful singer, actress, and ВЕ


professor.
Today she is one of America's- - - - authors. FAМOUS

In 1993 Angelou read her moving poem, "On the Pulse of the
Morning" and hardly _ _ _ American citizen missed it. SOME
lt happened at the ceremony to swear Bill Clinton in as president
\25\ of the United States, where she among many other guests. INVITE
\26\ The event Ьу all the TV channels and immediately SHOW
brought Angelou worldwide fame.

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными


буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 27-32, так, чтобы они грамматически и
лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными
словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 27-32.

According to the latest research there are two main proЬlems to


consider. One of them is the constant increase of nuclear radiation
produced Ьу power stations and nuclear tests, the other - is the
rapid of population. GROW
The speed, with which we are using up our non-renewaЬle
-~ resources like oil and gas, is DANGER

20
\29\ With the of our civilization we have Ьесоmе the DEVELOP
worst enemies to the planet and to ourselves.
Some scientists are pessimistic about our proЬlems and think we
\301 have reached the point of no return or the stage. CRITIC
Others are _ _ _ _ _who believe that our ecological OPTIMISM
proЬlems are solvaЬle.
At least more and more people begin to understand how
\32\ they are for the humanity. THREATEN

21
Раздел 4. nисьмо

Для ответа па задание 33 используйте отдельный лист. При выполнении задания 33 особое
внимание обратите па то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться толысо по записям,
сделанным па отдельном чистом листе. Н и какие записи черновика ne будут учитываться
экспертом. Обратите внимание также па необходимость соблюдения указанного об?Jёма
письма. Письма недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая
требуемый объё.м., ne оцениваются.

jззl You have 30 minutes to do this task. You have received а letter from your English-
speaking pen friend, Roger .

...Every weekeпd iп sиттеr we try to go soтewwhere Ьу car. Where woиld уои prefer to go
- to the coипtryside or to а пеш towп? Why? Нow do уои иsиally speпd уоиr weekeпds iп
sиттеr? Who do уои like to speпd уоиr weekeпds iп sиттеr with? ...

Write him а letter and answer his 3 questions.


Write 100-120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.

22
ВАРИАНТЗ

Ра~ел1.Аудирование

Вы услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных А, В, С, и D. Определите, где


происходит каждый из этих диалогов. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1-5
только один, раз. В задании есть одко лишкее место действия. Вы услышите запись
дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с
заданием.

Ш 1. At а real estate agency


2. At а tourist agency
3. In а restaurant
4. At the police station
5. At the hotel reception

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

~Диалог А в с D

Вы услышите пять высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями


каждого говорящего А -Е и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-6. И с пользуйте каждое
утверждение из списка 1-6 только один, раз. В задании есть одко лишкее утверждение. Вы
услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. У вас есть 30 секунд, чтобы
ознакомиться с заданием.

(Ю 1. It's great when you can sit and relax on the way to work.
2. The speaker benefits from exercise and nature on the way to work.
3. It's convenient driving to work if you share expenses.
4. The speaker has to spend а lot getting to work.
5. It's great to share а walk with а friend in the morning.
6. The speaker can put up with some inconveniences on the way to work.

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

~Говорящий А в с D Е

23
Вы услышите интервью со Сьюзен Браун. В заданиях 3-8 в поле ответа запишите одну
цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

[Ю What is TRUE according to the text?


1) New Yorkers know а lot about New England.
2) All new comers are supposed to know New England well.
3) New York is far away from New England.
[!] Which of the following places 18 NOT part of New England?
1) Massach usetts.
2) Rhodes.
3) Vermont.
@] This area became an official colony of England
1) before the 17th century.
2) in the 17th century.
3) after the 17th century.
[Ю When is New England most attractive to visitors according to Susan?
1) In the autumn.
2) In the summer.
3) In the winter.
[!] Susan believes that New England
1) has changed а lot.
2) is only good for quiet holidays.
3) would Ье boring for jazz lovers.
~ What makes attractions in New England special?
1) They are located in both big cities like Boston and small villages.
2) You can visit all of them in two-three days.
3) They are only availaЬle for passengers of cruise ships.

24
Раздел 2. Чтение

Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к:


каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами A-G, подберите соответствующий заголовок:,
обозначенный цифрами. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один
лишний 34ZОЛО801(,.

~ 1. One for more than а dozen


2. Land and water
3. For adrenalin rush
4. High in many ways
5. The smaller the better
6. А country in а city
7. Once poor, now rich
8. Not rich any more

А. Another tiny European country is Liechtenstein, which is quite large compared to


Monaco. lt covers 160 square kilometers. It borders Switzerland and Austria, and is
situated entirely within the Alps. Most of its territory is mountainous, making it а
popular destination for skiers. With almost no natural resources, the country has
developed а highly-industrialized free-enterprise economy. Like its neighbor
Switzerland, Liechtenstein follows а policy of neutrality and has no military.

В. Next on the list of tiny countries is Monaco, which covers about 2 square kilometers.
Monaco is also famous for being the smallest monarchy in the world, and for being the
most densely populated country. It may Ье best known as one of James Bond's favorite
places, with its many casinos and beautiful women! The economy of Monaco is based
mostly on gamЬling and tourism. I t lies on the coast of the Medi terranean Sea and
borders France.

С. Everyone knows that Russia is the largest country in the world, in terms of
territory. But what about the world's smallest countries; do you know what they are?
Today there are 17 countries that each consists of less than 500 square kilometers in
area. If we combined all the land area of these 17 countries, we would have а single
country just а bit larger than the U.S. state of Rhode Island. Even tiny Singapore is
too big for this list.

D. The smallest of these tiny countries is Vatican City, covering less than half а square
kilometer. Vatican City is the spiritual center of the world's Roman Catholics, who
today number over 1 billion. It is also the home of the Роре, the head of the Cцtholic
Church. About 800 people reside permanently in Vatican City, but over 25,000 people
visit every day, in order to see its beautiful churches and museums. Vatican City is
surrounded Ьу Rome, ltaly.

25
Е. Tiny Nauru is both the smallest island nation in the world and the smallest repuhlic. Its
total territory is just 21 square kilometers. It's situated in the southern Pacific Ocean.
In the early part of the 20th century, the people of Nauru became rich, thanks to the rich
phosphate reserves on the island. But once all the phosphate was mined, the small nation
found it had no other income source for its 9,000 citizens. Today 90о/о of the island's
inhabitants are unemployed.
F. Many of the world's smallest countries are islands or groups of islands. For example, the
Maldives is а country made up of 1,190 islands, only 185 of which are occupied. The
country, situated in the Indian Ocean, can claim 298 square kilometers in land-
territory. А former colony of the U.K., it has been independent since 1965. While hot
and humid all year long, the Maldives also enjoys constant cool sea breezes. Its beautiful
coral reefs make it а popular destination for divers.

G. You've probahly never heard of San Marino, another of the world's smallest countries.
San Marino is known as the world's oldest repuhlic, having been founded in AD 301 Ьу а
group of early Christians escaping religious persecution. The nation is situated on the
Adriatic coast, bordering north-central Italy. This location makes it а highly desiraЬle
tourist destination. Indeed, tourism has helped transform San Marino from one of the
world's poorest countries to one of the richest.
Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

\Тексты А в с D Е F G

Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10-17


соответствуют содержанию текста ( 1 - True), какие не соответствуют (2- False) и о
чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни
отрицательного ответа (3- Not stated). В_ поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая
соответствует номеру правильного ответа.

Our lives today would Ье very different if Thomas Edison had never lived. Born in 184 7, Edison
became the most active of all inventors in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. His inventions
influenced life all around the world.
Edison's teachers at school did not recognize his brilliance . .In fact, they considered him а rather
bad student. Fortunately, his mother thought differently. She took him out of school and taught him
at home, which is when he developed his two lifetime passions: reading and experimenting.
His first job was as а telegraph operator, and his first important inventions were improved
telegraphic devices. But he first became famous for the phonograph, invented in 1877. Today, in
the age of МР3 players, it's hard to imagine how magical the phonographic recording was. The
puhlic loved the new machine and а form of it was used well into the late 20th century.
Edison is often credited as the inventor of the light bulb, though, of course, many people
worked on the idea both before and after him. In 1878 he formed the сотраnу Edison Electric Light
Сотраnу and in 1879 introduced his improvements to the incandescent light bulb. At about this
time, he became famous for saying, "We will make electricity so cheap that only the rich will burn
26
candles." His inventions also influenced the development of radiology and the first motion picture
cameras.
Edison was proud that he never invented weapons that could Ье used in warfare, and he
strongly Ьelieved in nonviolence. But his life was not free from controversy. Не was involved in the
so-called War of Currents, arguing for the use of direct current (DC) over alternating current (АС).
Edison lived а long life, dying in 1931 at the age of 84. Не was married twice and had six
children. His many inventions and business ventures made him а very rich man, and а very famous
one. Perliaps his most famous quotation is "Genius is one percent inspiration, and ninety-nine
percent perspiration."

ltol The inventions of Tomas Edison still have an enormous influence on our life.
1)TRUE 2)FALSE 3) NOT STATED
[!!] Edison was taught at home because of his health prohlems.
1) TRUE 2) FALSE 3) NOT STATED
lt21 Edison was fond of reading and science since childhood.
1) TRUE 2)FALSE 3) NOT STATED
ltзl When it was first invented, phonograph struck people as а magical thing.·
1)TRUE 2) FALSE 3) NOT STATED
lt41 Edison was against burning candles.
1)TRUE 2) FALSE 3) NOT STATED
ltsl Edison was а pacifist.
1)TRUE 2) FALSE 3) NOT STATED
lt6l Thanks to Edison all his children were well-to-do people.
1)TRUE 2)FALSE 3) NOT STATED
lt71 Edison believed that talent is above all for а success in life.
1)TRUE 2) FALSE 3) NOT STATED

27
Раздел З. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными


буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 18-26, так, чтобы они грамматически
соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами.
Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 18-26.

Many languages are in danger today. Chinese have AUTHORITY


taken steps to protect the Chinese language from the excessive use
of English and other languages.
The People's Daily Online website _ _ __ SAY
"With economic and social development foreign languages
_ _ _ _ _ more often in all types of puЬlications in China. USE
It is true about all kinds of media ______ newspapers, INCLUDE
books, e-books and the Internet puЬlications".
According to General Administra tion of Press and CHINA
PuЬlication (GAPP) the invasion of English words in Chinese texts
is abusing the language.
_ _ _ _ website stated that English had damaged the standard IT
and purity of the Chinese language severely and disrupted the
harmonious cultural environment.
А great number of English borrowings to cause BELIEVE
nega tive social im pacts.
Currently а lot of English abbreviations and acronyms are
widely used in Chinese press. It it difficult to understand МАКЕ
the texts for those who are not fluent in English.
But from now on all of them should Ье replaced with
____Chinese equivalents. ТНЕУ

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными


буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 27-32, так, чтобы они грамматически и
лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными
словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 27-32.

Aesop lived in the 6th century ВС. Не was a._ _ _ _ _ Greek FАМЕ
author.

Не is now well-known as а - - - - of faЬles. WRITE

28
Through these many faЬles Aesop showed the wise and foolish
- - - - of men. BEHAVE
Not much is known about the life of Aesop. It is believed he was
born in Thrace, Greece and knew what - - - - - was on his own SLAVE
. experience.
It is said that his _ _ _ _delighted one of his masters. WISE
The man was so impressed that the slave was given his
FREE

29