Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 13

tensegrity - Chronology of Tensegrity

guest · Join · Help · Sign In ·


tensegrity
Chronology of Tensegrity
PAGE DISCUSSION HISTORY NOTIFY ME EDIT

Join this Wiki


Recent Changes Chronology of Tensegrity
Manage Wiki
A chronology of events and publications relating to the history and advance of
Search Table of Contents
tensegrity.
Chronology of Tensegrity
Tensegrity History By
Browse By Theme Tensegrity History By Decade Decade
Tensegrity
Portal To Architecture
Portal To Basic Concepts Tensegrity Chronology, pre-1940's Chronology, pre-
1940's
Portal To Cellular Biology
Portal To Languages 1920 Karl Ioganson displays a proto-tensegrity system, called Tensegrity
Portal To Mathematics "Gleichgewichtkonstruktion". The relevance of this sculpture to tensegrity is Chronology, 1940's
Portal To Model Making disputed and was only uncovered in retrospect. Tensegrity
Portal To Philosophy Chronology, 1950's
Portal To Polyhedra Tensegrity
Portal To Robotics Chronology, 1960's
Portal To Software Tensegrity Chronology, 1940's Tensegrity
Portal To Structural Anatomy Chronology, 1970's
Tensegrity
1940's David Georges Emmerich (Debrecen-Hungary, 1925-1996), probably
Types and
Chronology, 1980's
inspired by Ioganson's structure, studies different kinds of structures as tensile Tensegrity
Polyhedra prisms and more complex tensegrity systems, which he called "structures Chronology, 1990's
2 Struts, 3 Struts, 6 Struts tendues et autotendants", tensile and selfstressed structures (see fig 2.3). As
Tensegrity
Tetrahedron, Octahedron, a result, he defined and patented his "reseaux autotendants," the same kind
Chronology, 2000's
Icosahedron of structures that were being studied by Fuller and Snelson.
Tensegrity
Index to all Forms and Types of 1948 summer. Fuller, teaching at Black Mountain College in North Carolina,
Chronology, 2010's
Tensegrity USA. Fuller and Snelson meet. Snelson told Coplans: "Bucky was... talking of
tension and compression... I started to think of something like a swinging Tensegrity Chronology,
References
Simulators pendulum sculpture. The sculpture consisted of a succession of forms: the
lower one supporting the upper one and suspended by a girth of thread. It is
Concepts slung and the sculpture moves like a spinal column; the form is very flexible. I did two or three sculptures
Tension, Compression, Force like this and then it occurred to me that to remove the mobility would be a curious thing. I would then have
Index to all concept articles these units separated from one another and retained rigidly in space if I tied the strings in a different manner.
The only difference is that both compression members are completely free of one another. It has no top,

People bottom or sides, and could be placed into orbit."


1948 X-module by Snelson
Fuller, Snelson, Burkhardt, Levin,
1949 summer. Snelson shows Fuller his first Tensegrity sculpture.
Pars...
Index to all People

Complete Index
Index to all pages in this wiki
Tensegrity Chronology, 1950's
Artifacts and 1951 Festival of Britain displays the Skylon, a tensile sculpture held in place at one end by only three cables
Procedures by architects Powell and Moya, and built by the engineer Felix Samuely.
1953 Minnesota University. Fuller realization at large scale of a rigid tensegrity structure with 270 non-
60 Struts
identical rods. The structure is patented by Fuller later, in 1962.
ADAM Collapsible Truss System

http://tensegrity.wikispaces.com/Chronology+of+Tensegrity[2011/4/15 11:36:54]
tensegrity - Chronology of Tensegrity

1954 Patent: Fuller, R.B. Building construction, U.S. Patent No. 2,682,235, June 29, 1954.
Bicycle
1955 Fuller coins tensegrity as a contraction of “Tensional-Integrity”
Biot Tensegrity Robot
1959 Oregon University. The first deresonated tensegrity with 270 identical rods. The structure is described
Blur Building by Diller & Scofidio
in Synergetics as "isotropic tensegrity geodesic sphere: single bonded turbo triangles, forming a complex six
Bridge
frequency triacontahedron tensegrity."
DNA
1959 tensegrity displayed at the Museum of Modern Art (MOMA) in New York.
How To Build A 3 Strut Copper
Base for a Table
How To Build A 30 Strut Soda
Straw Dodecahedron
Icosahedron WIth Mitch Amiano's
Connectors
Tensegrity Chronology, 1960's
How To Build A 3 Strut Copper
Base for a Table
How To Build A 3 Strut Hammock
1960 Long Beach State Collete. The realization of a rigid tensegrity structure in bamboo with a diameter of
Stand
14m. The outer ends of each element were calibrated with regards to the central point of the adjacent
How To Build A 30 Strut Soda
elements.
Straw Dodecahedron
1961 Published: Fuller, R.B., “Tensegrity”, Portfolio and Art News Annual, No.4. pp.112- 127, 144, 148. Also
edit navigation available in http://www.rwgrayprojects.com/rbfnotes/fpapers/tensegrity/tenseg01.html
1961 Southern Illinois University. Basket weave tensegrity by Fuller. An interwoven dome of a 22m
diameter, 3.4 of a sphere, approximately 15m high. The struts were made of wooden centine, segmented
and interwoven, which permitted the cost to be sharply reduced. This geodesic also corresponds to the
alternate breakdown of a 4v icosahedron, sectioned to 5/8 of a sphere.
1962 Patent: Fuller, R.B., Tensile-Integrity Structures, U.S. Patent No. 3,063,521, November 13, 1962.
1963 Trigonal Tower Aluminum and Steelon Wire by Snelson
1964 Patent: Emmerich, D.G.,, Construction de réseaux autotendants, French Patent No. 1,377,290,
September 28, 1964
1964 Patent: Emmerich, D.G.,, Structures linéaires autotendants, French Patent No. 1,377,291, September
28, 1964
1964 Patent: Fuller, R.B., Suspension Building, U.S. Patent No. 3,139,957, July 7, 1964.
1965 Patent: Snelson, K., Continuous tension, discontinuous compression structures, U.S. Patent No.
3,169,611, February 16, 1965.
1966 Published: Emmerich, D. G., "Reseaux", International Conference on Space Structures, University of
Surrey, pp.1059-1072.
1967 Patent: Fuller, R.B., Octahedronal building truss, U.S. Patent No. 3,354,591, November 28, 1967.
1967 Sculpture: Double Six by Snelson
1969 Sculpture: E. C. Column by Snelson

Tensegrity Chronology, 1970's

1972 Frei Otto for Summer Olympics structure is a tensile structure very close to tensegrity in design
1972 Published: Black, S.J., Cords and countercords. Proposal for a tensile building system. Unpublished
BArch dissertation. School of Architecture, Queen’s University Belfast.
1972 Patent: Mogilner, G.A., Tensegrity Structure Puzzle, U.S. Patent No. 3,695,617, October 3, 1972.
1972 J. Stanley Black wrote an unpublished study which tried to recall the main concepts known at that
time and to figure out some possible systems and configurations. Although it was a good attempt, the basis
of tensegrity were not very clear at that moment, and his final design was not a reflection of a true tensegrity
system, but something more similar to Levy and Geiger’s works (Geiger, 1988; Goosen et al., 1997; Setzer,
1992).
1972 12 strut right angled 3-way unit with double end-caps by Snelson
1973 René Motro begins to publish on Tensegrity, Topologie des structures discrètes. Incidence sur leur
comportement mécanique. Autotendant icosaédrique. It was an internal note for the Laboratory of Civil
Engineering of the University of Montpelier (France) about mechanical behaviour of this kind.
1975 Patent: Fuller, R.B., Non-symmetrical tensegrity, U.S. Patent No. 3,866,366, February 18, 1975.

http://tensegrity.wikispaces.com/Chronology+of+Tensegrity[2011/4/15 11:36:54]
tensegrity - Chronology of Tensegrity

1975 Published: Fuller, R.B., Synergetics: Explorations in the Geometry of Thinking, New York: MacMillan
Publishing Co., Inc. Also available in http://www.rwgrayprojects.com/synergetics/synergetics.html
1975 Patent: Wiesner, S.J., Stressed structure for supporting weight, U.S. Patent No. 3,901,551, August 26,
1975.
1975 Term ”responsive architecture” coined by Negroponte for dynamically restructuring buildings
1975 Donald Ingber, undergraduate student at Yale, saw Needle Tower, suddenly understood that cells—
previously thought to be sacks full of viscous liquid—might have strong, flexible frameworks that use
tensegrity to stabilize themselves, and made a model of a cell using wooden dowels and elastic strings.
1975 Stephen Levin, a practicing orthopedic surgeon studying spinal mechanics, saw the Needle Tower and
used it as a model for spine and, ultimately, organism mechanics.
1976 Published: Kenner, H., Geodesic Math and How to Use It, Berkeley, California: University of California
Press.
1976 Published: Pugh, A., An Introduction to Tensegrity, Berkeley, California: University of California Press.
1978 Published: Calladine, C.R., “Buckminster Fuller's "tensegrity" structures and Clerk Maxwell's rules for
the construction of stiff frames”, International Journal of Solids and Structures, Vol.14, No.2, 1978, pp. 161-
172.
1979 Patent: Miller, R.M., Piece of furniture, U.S. Patent No. 4,148,520, April 10, 1979.

Tensegrity Chronology, 1980's

1980 Patent: Kitrick; C.J.,, Tensegrity module structure and method of interconnecting the modules, U.S.
Patent No. 4,207,715, June 17, 1980
1980 Published: Francis, A.J., Introducing Structures, Oxford: Pergammon Press.
1981 Published: Fuller, R.B., “Tensegrity”, Creative science and technology, February 1981. Also available
in [[@http://www.bfi.org/in Fullerswords/Tensegrity.pdf]]
1981 Published: Fox, H. N., “Portrait of an Atomist”, Catalog Essay for Kenneth Snelson Exhibition at
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., June - August 1981.
Also available in http://www.kennethsnelson.net/icons/art.htm Tensegrity Structures and their Application to
Architecture VI. Bibliography 195
1982 Fuller designed and developed deresonated Tensegrity dome [1]
1982 Published: Fuller, R.B., Correspondence with Robert Burkhardt, January 29 - March 18, 1982. Also
available in http://www.bfi.org/burkhardt/section1.html
1982 Published: Levin, S.M., “Continuous Tension, Discontinuous Compression. A Model for Biomechanical
Support of the Body”. Bulletin of Structural Integration, Rolf Institute, Bolder. pp.31-33. Also available in
http://www.biotensegrity.com/continuous_tension_discontinuous_compression.php
1984 Published: Makowski, Z.S. (ed), Analysis, Design and Construction of Braced Domes, London:
Granada Publishing Ltd. Tensegrity Structures and their Application to Architecture VI. Bibliography 198
1985 Published: Buchholdt, H.A., An introduction to cable roof structures, Cambridge (UK): Cambridge
University Press.
1985 Published: IL - Institut Für Leichte Flächentragwerke, IL 31 Bamboo. [on-line], University of Stuttgart
(Germany). http://bambus.rwth-aachen.de/eng/PDFFiles/IL%2031.pdf
1986 Published: Nelson, W.A.,, Telescoping strut members and tendons for constructing tensile integrity
structures, U.S. Patent No. 4,614,502, September 30, 1986.
1987 Ariel Hanaor defines the main bidimensional assemblies of elementary self-equilibrated cells
1987 Nestorovic proposes metallic integrally tensioned cupola.
1987 Published: Hanaor, A., “Preliminary Investigation of Double-Layer Tensegrities”, in H.V. Topping, ed.,
Proceedings of International Conference on the Design and Construction of Non-conventional Structures
(Vol.2), Edinburgh, Scotland: Civil- Comp Press.
1987 Published: Motro, R., “Tensegrity Systems for Double-Layer Space Structures”, in H.V. Topping, ed.,
Proceedings of International Conference on the Design and Construction of Non-conventional Structures
(Vol.2), Edinburgh, Scotland: Civil- Comp Press.
1987 Published: Nestorovic, M., “Metallic Integrally Tensioned (Tensegrity) Cupola”, in H.V. Topping, ed.,
Proceedings of International Conference on the Design and Construction of Non-conventional Structures
(Vol.2), Edinburgh, Scotland: Civil- Comp Press.
1987 Published: Walker, D., The great engineers. The Art of British Engineers 1837-1987, London:

http://tensegrity.wikispaces.com/Chronology+of+Tensegrity[2011/4/15 11:36:54]
tensegrity - Chronology of Tensegrity

Academy Editions. Tensegrity Structures and their Application to Architecture VI. Bibliography 201
1988 Patent: Geiger, D.H., Roof structure, U.S. Patent No. 4,736,553, April 12, 1988.
1988 Published: Emmerich, D. G., Structures Tendues et Autotendantes, Paris: Ecole d'Architecture de
Paris la Villette.
1988 Published: Kittner, C. and Quimby, S.R,, Compression-tension strut-cord units for tensile-integrity
structures, U.S. Patent No. 4,731,962, March 22, 1988
1989 Published: Burrows, J., “Catalogue Introduction”, in The New York Academy of Sciences (ed.),
Kenneth Snelson Exhibition: The Nature of Structure. New York (USA), January - April 1989.
1989 Published: Snelson, K., “Kenneth Snelson and Hans Christian von Baeyer: A Conversation”, in The
New York Academy of Sciences (ed.), Kenneth Snelson Exhibition: The Nature of Structure. New York
(USA), January - April 1989.
1989 Published: Snelson, K. and Von Baeyer, “Kenneth Snelson and Hans Christian von Baeyer: A
Conversation”, in The New York Academy of Sciences (ed.), Kenneth Snelson Exhibition: The Nature of
Structure. New York (USA), January - April 1989.

Tensegrity Chronology, 1990's

1990's Connelly researches a mathematical three dimensional generalization for tensegrities. Using the
mathematical tools of group theory and representation theory and the capabilities of computers, he draws up
a complete catalogue of tensegrities with detailed prescribed types of stability and symmetry, including some
that have never been seen before.
1990 Patent: Huegy, C.W., Spiral helix tensegrity dome, U.S. Patent No. 4,901,483, February 20, 1990
1991 Published: K. J. Pienta, D. S. Coffey, Cellular harmonic information transfer through a tissue
tensegrity-matrix system, in Medical Hypotheses, Volume 34, Issue 1, January 1991, Pages 88-95
1992 Published: András Recski, Werner Schwärzler, One-story buildings as tensegrity frameworks III, in
Discrete Applied Mathematics, Volume 39, Issue 2, 22 October 1992, Pages 137-146
1992 Published: Setzer, S.W., Georgia Dome. Raise High the Record Roof, [on-line], New York: Columbia
University. http://www.columbia.edu/cu/gsapp/BT/DOMES/GEORGIA/g-raise.html
1993 Published: Ingber, D.E., “Cellular Tensegrity: defining new rules of biological design that govern the
cytoskeleton”. Journal of Cell Science, No.104, pp.613-627. Also available in
http://www.childrenshospital.org/research/ingber/PDF/1993/JCellSci-Ingber.pdf
1993 Published: Joyce, J., Dubliners, Ware: Wordsworth Editions Limited.
1993 Published: Schodek, Daniel L., Structure in Sculpture, Cambridge, Mass. (USA): M.I.T. Press.
1994 Robert Burkhardt revises his Tensegrity Structures and their Application to Architecture
1994 Published: Burkhardt, R.W., A Practical Guide to Tensegrity Design, Cambridge (USA): Software
Services. Tensegrity Structures and their Application to Architecture VI. Bibliography 193
1994 Published: Burkhardt, R.W., A practical guide to tensegrity design, [on-line], Cambridge (USA)
http://www.channel1.com/users/bobwb/tenseg/book/cover.html
1994 Published: Donald E. Ingber, Laura Dike, Linda Hansen, Seth Karp, Helen Liley, Andrew Maniotis,
Helen McNamee, David Mooney, George Plopper, John Sims, Ning Wang, Cellular Tensegrity: Exploring
How Mechanical Changes in the Cytoskeleton Regulate Cell Growth, Migration, and Tissue Pattern during
Morphogenesi, in International Review of Cytology, Volume 150, 1994, Pages 173-224
1995 Published: Cruickshank, D., “The 1951 Dome of Discovery, London”, The Architectural Review,
No.197.1175, pp.80-85. Also available in http://www.packer34.freeserve.co.uk/dome.htm
1996 Patent: Terry, W.L., Tension braced dome structure, U.S. Patent No. 5,502,928, April 2, 1996.
1996 Published: Burstow, R., Symbols for ’51, the Royal Festival Hall, Skylon and Sculptures for the
Festival of Britain, The Ballroom, Main Foyer, Royal Festival Hall, London, 2 March – 21 April 1996. Also
available in http://www.packer34.freeserve.co.uk/symbols.htm CAC (California Energy Commission),,
Energy Time Line –Year 1800 to 1899, [on-line] California.
http://www.energyquest.ca.gov/time_machine/1890-1900ce.html
1996 Published: Castañeda, C., “Tensegrity”, Readers of Infinity: A Journal of Applied Hermeneutics. Vol.1,
No.1. Also available in http://www.castaneda.com/ CISC-Canadian Institute Of Steel Construction, Project
gallery:
1996 Published: Dimitrije Stamenovi, Jeffrey J. Fredberg, Ning Wang, James P. Butler, Donald E. Ingber, "A

http://tensegrity.wikispaces.com/Chronology+of+Tensegrity[2011/4/15 11:36:54]
tensegrity - Chronology of Tensegrity

Microstructural Approach to Cytoskeletal Mechanics based on Tensegrity", in Journal of Theoretical Biology,


Volume 181, Issue 2, 21 July 1996, Pages 125-136
1996 Published: Flavin, P., Compression and Tension are good; Torque's a Killer, [on-line],
http://www.frontiernet.net/~imaging/tenseg1.html
1996 Published: Shelter Systems, Tensegrity and Geodesic Yurts™ , Domes, and Tent Structures, [on-line],
California http://www.shelter-systems.com/tensegrity.html
1997 Patent: Skelton, R.E.,, Deployable tendon-controlled structure, U.S. Patent No. 5,642,590, July 1,
1997
1997 Published: Deane, S.,. Reading in the dark. London: Vintage. Drew, P., Frei Otto. Form and structure,
London: Crosby Lockwood Staples.
1997 Published: Gabriel, J.F., Beyond the Cube, New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
1997 Published: Gossen, P.A., Chen, D., and Mikhlin, E., The First Rigidly Clad "Tensegrity" Type Dome,
The Crown Coliseum, Fayetteville, North Carolina, [online], USA: Geiger Engineers. Tensegrity Structures
and their Application to Architecture VI. Bibliography 196 http://www.geigerengineers.com/techpaper.cfm?
RecordID=1
1997 Published: LU, A., The Discovery of the BuckminsterFullerenes, [on-line], Edinburgh (Scotland).
http://www.lexcie.zetnet.co.uk/buckminster.htm
1997 Published: Mijuca, D., Finite Element Analysis of Tensegrity Structures, [on-line], Department of
Mechanics, Faculty of Mathematics, University of Belgrade (Serbia and Montenegro).
http://www.matf.bg.ac.yu/~dmijuca/tensegrity.html
1997 Published: Stanton, J., Expo ’67 – Architecture, [on-line], Montreal (Canada).
http://naid.sppsr.ucla.edu/expo67/map-docs/architecture.htm
1998 Patent: Goldsmith, E.M., Sports catch glove with stiffner, U.S. Patent No. 5,717,994, February 17,
1998
1998 Published: Castaneda published Magical Passes, containing a series of instructions for performing a
set of Tensegrity movements. With the aid of the company Laugan Productions Castaneda also published
instructional video recordings of Tensegrity movements.
1998 Published: Connelly, R. and Back, A., “Mathematics and Tensegrity”, American Scientist. Vol.86, No.2,
March-April 1998.
1998 Published: Connelly, R. and Back, A., Catalogue of Symmetric Tensegrities, [online], Cornell
University, Ithaca (USA) http://mathlab.cit.cornell.edu/visualization/tenseg/in_progress/short_top.html
1998 Published: Ingber, D.E., “The Architecture of Life”. Scientific American Magazine. January,1998. Also
available in http://vv.arts.ucla.edu/projects/ingber/ingber.html
1998 Published: B. Eckes, P. Martin, H. Smola, D. Dogic, E. Colucci-Guyon, A. Maniotis, N. Wang, M.
Aumailley, D. Ingber, C. Babinet, T. Krieg, "Disruption of tensegrity in vimentin-deficient fibroblasts causes
delayed wound healing in fetal and adult mice, in Journal of Dermatological Science, Volume 16, Supplement
1, March 1998, Page S120
1998 Published: Bin-Bing Wang, "Cable-strut systems: part I — tensegrity", in Journal of Constructional
Steel Research, Volume 45, Issue 3, March 1998, Pages 281-289
1998 Published: Eckes, B., Martin, P., Smola, H., Dogic, D., Colucci-Guyon, E., Maniotis, A., Wang, N.,
Aumailley, M., Ingber, D., Babinet, C. and Krieg, T., “Disruption of tensegrity in vimentin-deficient fibroblasts
causes delayed wound healing in fetal and adult mice”, Journal of Dermatological Science, Vol.16,
Supplement 1, March 1998, pp.S120.
1998 Published: Janberg, N., Structurae: International Database and Gallery of Structures. [on-line],
Ratingen (Germany). http://www.structurae.net/
1998 Published: S. Wendling, C. Oddou, D. Isabey, "Non-dimensional expression of the stiffening response
of tensegrity structure as a function of strain: Application to cell mechanics, in Journal of Biomechanics,
Volume 31, Supplement 1, July 1998, Page 174
1998 Published: Wang, B.B. and LI, Y.Y., “Definition of tensegrity systems. Can dispute be settled?".
Proceedings of LSA98 “Lightweight structures in architectural engineering and construction”, Vol.2,, pp.713-
719.
1998 Published: Wang, B.B, “Cable-strut systems: Part I - Tensegrity", Journal of Constructional Steel
Research, Vol.45,, No.3, pp.281-289.
1999 Published: Burkhardt, R.W., A Technology for Designing Tensegrity Domes and Spheres, [on-line],
Cambridge (USA) http://www.channel1.com/users/bobwb/prospect/prospect.htm#sec:app
1999 Published: Christopher S. Chen, Donald E. Ingber, "Tensegrity and mechanoregulation: from skeleton
to cytoskeleton", in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, Volume 7, Issue 1, January 1999, Pages 81-94
1999 Published: F. Thomas, J. Contreras, G. Bilbao, L. Invarardi, J. Thomas, "An improved technique for
isolating pig islets: the importance of tensegrity in islet long-term culture viability, in Transplantation
Proceedings, Volume 31, Issues 1-2, 3 February 1999, Pages 633-634

http://tensegrity.wikispaces.com/Chronology+of+Tensegrity[2011/4/15 11:36:54]
tensegrity - Chronology of Tensegrity

1999 Published: K. Kebiche, M. N. Kazi-Aoual, R. Motro, "Geometrical non-linear analysis of tensegrity


systems", in Engineering Structures, Volume 21, Issue 9, September 1999, Pages 864-876
1999 Published: Kawaguchi, M.. Tatemichi, I. and Chen, P.S., “Optimum shapes of a cable dome structure”,
Engineering Structures, Vol.21, No.8, August 1999, pp.719- 725.
1999 Published: Le Saux C., Bouderbala M., Cévaër F., Motro R., “Strut-Strut contact on numerical
modelling of tensegrity systems folding”, 40h Anniversary Congress of IASS: Shell and spatial structures from
recent past to the next millennium, Madrid (Espagne), Septembre 1999, pp.1-10.
1999 Published: Sylvie Wendling, Christian Oddou, Daniel Isabey, "Stiffening Response of a Cellular
Tensegrity Model", in Journal of Theoretical Biology, Volume 196, Issue 3, 7 February 1999, Pages 309-325
1999 Published: Thomas, F., Contreras, J., Bilbao, G., Invarardi, L. and Thomas, J., “An improved technique
for isolating pig islets: the importance of tensegrity in islet long-term culture viability”, Transplantation
Proceedings, Vol.31, No.1-2, 3 February 1999, pp.633-634.
1999 Published: Tibert, G., Numerical Analyses of Cable Roof Structures. Unpublished Licentiate thesis.
Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm (Sweden) Also available in
http://www2.mech.kth.se/~gunnart/TibertLicThesis.pdf
1999 Published: Wendling, S., Oddou, C. and Isabey, D., “Stiffening Response of a Cellular Tensegrity
Model”, Journal of Theoretical Biology, Vol.196, No.3, 7 February 1999, pp.309-325.

Tensegrity Chronology, 2000's

2000 Deployable Antenna Kinematics Using Tensegrity Structure Design Dissertation By Byron Franklin
Knight
2000 Published: K.Yu. Volokh, O. Vilnay, M. Belsky, "Tensegrity architecture explains linear stiffening and
predicts softening of living cells, in Journal of Biomechanics, Volume 33, Issue 12, December 2000, Pages
1543-1549
2000 Published: Nabil Ben Kahla, K. Kebiche, "Nonlinear elastoplastic analysis of tensegrity systems", in
Engineering Structures, Volume 22, Issue 11, November 2000, Pages 1552-1566
2000 Published: Sylvie Wendling, Christian Oddou, Daniel Isabey, "Approche structurale de la mécanique du
cytosquelette: solide alvéolaire vs modèle de tenségrité", in Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences -
Series IIB - Mechanics-Physics-Astronomy, Volume 328, Issue 1, January 2000, Pages 97-104
2000 Published: T. Yamada, D. Richiert, S. J. Tumminia, P. Russell, "The tensegrity model applied to the
lens: a hypothesis for the presence of the fiber cell ball and sockets, in Medical Hypotheses, Volume 55,
Issue 1, July 2000, Pages 36-39
2000 Published: Volokh, K.Y., Vilnay O. and Belsky, M., “Tensegrity architecture explains linear stiffening
and predicts softening of living cells”, Journal of Biomechanics, Vol.33, No.12, December 2000, pp.1543-
1549.
2000 Published: Williamson, D. and Whitehouse, D., Visualization of Tensegrity Structures, [on-line],
Australia, http://anusf.anu.edu.au/Vizlab/viz_showcase/williamson_darrell/
2000 Published: Yamada, T., Richiert, D., Tumminia, S.J. and Russell, P., “The tensegrity model applied to
the lens: a hypothesis for the presence of the fiber cell ball and sockets”, Medical Hypotheses, Vol.55, No.1,
July 2000, pp.36-39.
2001 Published: Skelton, R.E., Helton, J.W., Adhikari, R., Pinaud, J.P., Chan, W., An Introduction to the
Mechanics of Tensegrity Structures. Proceedings of the 40th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control,
Orlando, Florida, December 2001.
2001 Published: Skelton, R.E., Helton, J.W., Adhikari, R., Pinaud, J.P., Chan, W., Dynamics of the shell
class of tensegrity structures.The Mechanical Systems Design Handbook: Modeling, Measurement, and
Control, CRC Press, 2001.
2001 Published: Skelton, R.E., Pinaud, J.P., Mingori, D.L., Dynamics of the shell class of tensegrity
structures. Journal of the Franklin Institute., 338/2-3:255-320, 2001.
2001 Published: Adriaenssens, S.M.L. and Barnes, M.R., “Tensegrity spline beam and grid shell structures”,
Engineering Structures, Vol. 23, No.1, 2001, pp. 29-36.
2001 Published: Cornel Sultan, Martin Corless, Robert E. Skelton, "The prestressability problem of
tensegrity structures: some analytical solutions", in International Journal of Solids and Structures, Volume 38,
Issues 30-31, July 2001, Pages 5223-5252
2001 Published: Daniel Ng,, Camp Elsewhere's Tensegrity Shade Structures, [online], USA: Clownland
Enterprises, Inc. and Camp Elsewhere, Ltd. http://www.bweebweebwee.com/tensegrity/
2001 Published: Hidenori Murakami, "Static and dynamic analyses of tensegrity structures. Part 1. Nonlinear

http://tensegrity.wikispaces.com/Chronology+of+Tensegrity[2011/4/15 11:36:54]
tensegrity - Chronology of Tensegrity

equations of motion", in International Journal of Solids and Structures, Volume 38, Issue 20, May 2001,
Pages 3599-3613
2001 Published: Hidenori Murakami, "Static and dynamic analyses of tensegrity structures. Part II. Quasi-
static analysis", in International Journal of Solids and Structures, Volume 38, Issue 20, May 2001, Pages
3615-3629
2001 Published: Hidenori Murakami, Yoshitaka Nishimura, "Initial shape finding and modal analyses of cyclic
right-cylindrical tensegrity modules, in Computers & Structures, Volume 79, Issue 9, April 2001, Pages 891-
917
2001 Published: Hidenori Murakami, Yoshitaka Nishimura, "Static and dynamic characterization of regular
truncated icosahedral and dodecahedral tensegrity modules", in International Journal of Solids and
Structures, Volume 38, Issues 50-51, December 2001, Pages 9359-9381
2001 Published: Irving J. Oppenheim, William O. Williams, "Vibration of an elastic tensegrity structure", in
European Journal of Mechanics - A/Solids, Volume 20, Issue 6, November-December 2001, Pages 1023-
1031
2001 Published: Literati, J.N., Towards the Ultimate Self Sustainable Society - Modelling In-Situ Resource
Utilisation for a Lunar Colony, Trollhättan, (Sweden): Moon- ISRU. Also available in http://www.moon-
isru.com/MoonISRU-Bsubmitted02.pdf
2001 Published: Raducanu, V. and Motro, R., Système a autoéquilibre stable pour élément de construction,
demande de brevet français nº 01 04 822, déposée le 9 avril 2001 aux noms de C.N.R.S. – Ste Tissage et
Enduction Serge Ferrari. Sanchez, R., Maurin, B., Kazi-Aoual, M.N., Motro, R., Modélisation des systèmes de
tenségrité: Grilles à double nappe, Montpellier: Laboratoire de Mécanique et Génie Civil. Université
Montpellier II. Also available in http://www.lirmm.fr/doctiss04/art/M03.pdf Tensegrity Structures and their
Application to Architecture VI. Bibliography 199
2001 Published: Robert E. Skelton, Jean Paul Pinaud, D. L. Mingori, "Dynamics of the shell class of
tensegrity structures", in Journal of the Franklin Institute, Volume 338, Issues 2-3, March 2001, Pages 255-
320
2001 Published: S. M. L. Adriaenssens, M. R. Barnes, "Tensegrity spline beam and grid shell structures", in
Engineering Structures, Volume 23, Issue 1, January 2001, Pages 29-36
2001 Published: Tibert, G. and Pellegrino, S., “Form-Finding of Tensegrity Structures—A Review”, Accepted
by International Journal of Space Structures, 2001. Also availabe in
http://www2.mech.kth.se/~gunnart/NSCM14.pdf
2001 Published: Wilken, T., Tensegrity. [on-line], http://www.synearth.net/TensegrityHtml/Tensegrity.html
2001 Published: Yoshitaka Nishimura, Hidenori Murakami, "Initial shape-finding and modal analyses of
cyclic frustum tensegrity modules", in Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, Volume
190, Issues 43-44, 17 August 2001, Pages 5795-5818
2001 Talk: Skelton, R.E., Helton, J.W., Adhikari, R., Pinaud, J.P., Chan, W., An Introduction to the
Mechanics of Tensegrity Structures. The Mechanical Systems Design Handbook: Modeling, Measurement,
and Control, CRC Press, 2001.
2002 Patent: Austin, G.D. and Tam, L., Female condom employing tensegrity principle, U.S. Patent No.
2002/0038658 A1, April 4, 2002
2002 Published: Skelton, R.E., Williamson D., Han, J., Equilibrium Conditions of a Class I Tensegrity
Structure (AAS 02-177), pp 927 – 950, Volume 112 Part II, Advances in the Astronautical Sciences,
Spaceflight Mechanics 2002.
2002 Published: Cornel Sultan, Martin Corless, Robert E. Skelton, "Linear dynamics of tensegrity
structures", in Engineering Structures, Volume 24, Issue 6, June 2002, Pages 671-685
2002 Published: Cornel Sultan, Martin Corless, Robert E. Skelton, "Symmetrical reconfiguration of tensegrity
structures", in International Journal of Solids and Structures, Volume 39, Issue 8, April 2002, Pages 2215-
2234
2002 Published: Gengnagel, C., Arbeitsblätter "Tensegrity", Munich: Fakultät für Architektur, Technische
Universität München.
2002 Published: Heller, M., “Tensegrity Models”, Dynamic Chiropractic, December 16, 2002, Vol.20, No.26.
Also available in http://www.chiroweb.com/archives/20/26/07.html
2002 Published: Kanchanasaratool, N. and Williamson, D.,, "Modelling and control of class NSP tensegrity
structures", International Journal of Control, Vol.75, No.2, 20 January 2002, pp.123-
139.http://www.biotensegrity.com/continuous_tension_discontinuous_compression.php*
2002 Published: Knight; B.F., Duffy, J., Crane, III, C.D. and Rooney; J.,, Tensegrity Deployable antenna
using screw motion-based control of tensegrity support architecture, U.S. Patent No. 6,441,801, August 27,
2002
2002 Published: Kristina Shea, Etienne Fest, Ian F. C. Smith, "Developing intelligent tensegrity structures
with stochastic search", in Advanced Engineering Informatics, Volume 16, Issue 1, January 2002, Pages 21-

http://tensegrity.wikispaces.com/Chronology+of+Tensegrity[2011/4/15 11:36:54]
tensegrity - Chronology of Tensegrity

40
2002 Published: Leonid Frantsevich, Stanislav Gorb, "Arcus as a tensegrity structure in the arolium of wasps
(Hymenoptera: Vespidae), in Zoology, Volume 105, Issue 3, 2002, Pages 225-237
2002 Published: Levin, S.M., “The Tensegrity-Truss as a Model for Spine Mechanics: Biotensegrity”. Bulletin
Journal of Mechanics in Medicine and Biology, Vol.2, No.3&4, pp.375-388. Also available in
http://www.biotensegrity.com/paper5.html
2002 Published: Motro, R., Bernard, C., Conception en structures. Rapport d’activités 1999-2002,
Montpellier: Laboratoire de Mécanique et Génie Civil. Université Montpellier II. Also available in
http://www.lmgc.univmontp2.fr/ADM/05_C1CS.pdf
2002 Published: Patrick Cañadas, Valerie M. Laurent, Christian Oddou, Daniel Isabey, Sylvie Wendling, "A
Cellular Tensegrity Model to Analyse the Structural Viscoelasticity of the Cytoskeleton", in Journal of
Theoretical Biology, Volume 218, Issue 2, 21 September 2002, Pages 155-173
2002 Published: Tibert, G., Deployable Tensegrity Structures for Space Applications. Unpublished Doctoral
thesis. Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm (Sweden) Also available in
http://www2.mech.kth.se/~gunnart/TibertDocThesis.pdf
2002 Published: Weidlinger Associates, La Plata Stadium, [on-line], New York (USA)
http://www.wai.com/Structures/Fabric/laplata.html
2002 Published: Zanotti, G. and Guerra, C., “Is tensegrity a unifying concept of protein folds?”, FEBS
Letters, Vol.534, No.1-3, 16 January 2003, pp.7-10.
2002 Talk: Chan, W., Skelton, R.E., Equilibria and Stiffness of Planar Tensegrity Structures. AAS /AIAA
Space Flight Mechanics Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, January 2002.
2002 Talk: De Jager, B., Masic, M., R.E. Skelton, Optimal Topology and Geometry for Controllable
Tensegrity Systems, 15th IFAC World Congress, Barcelona, Spain, 2002.
2002 Talk: Masic, M., Skelton, R.E., Open-Loop Shape Control of Stable Unit Tensegrity Structures,
Proceedings of 3rd Word Congress of Structural Control, Como Italy, 2002
2002 Talk: Williamson, D., Skelton, R.E., Han, J., Equilibrium Conditions of a Tensegrity Structures, Third
World Conference on Structural Control (3WCSC), Como, Italy, April 7-12, 2002.
2003 Patent: Barber, G.T., Lamp composed of non-contacting compression members and tension members,
U.S. Patent No. D473,676, April 22, 2003.
2003 Patent: Barber, G.T., Table composed on non-contacting compression members and tension
members, U.S. Patent No. D471,741, March 18, 2003.
2003 Patent: Barber, G.T., Chair composed on non-contacting compression members and tension members,
U.S. Patent No. D481,880, November 11, 2003.
2003 Published: "Is tensegrity a unifying concept of protein folds?" by Giuseppe Zanotti, Concettina Guerra,
in FEBS Letters, Volume 534, Issues 1-3, 16 January 2003, Pages 7-10
2003 Published: Ingber, D.E., “Tensegrity I. Cell structure and hierarchical systems biology”. Journal of Cell
Science, No.116, pp.1157-1173 Also available in http://intl-jcs.biologists.org/cgi/content/full/116/7/1157
2003 Published: Ingber, D.E., “Tensegrity II. How structural networks influence cellular information-
processing networks”. Journal of Cell Science, No.116, pp.1397 -1408 Also available in
http://jcs.biologists.org/cgi/content/full/116/8/1397
2003 Published: Cornel Sultan, Robert Skelton, "Deployment of tensegrity structures", in International
Journal of Solids and Structures, Volume 40, Issue 18, September 2003, Pages 4637-4657
2003 Published: Darrell Williamson, Robert E. Skelton, Jeongheon Han, "Equilibrium conditions of a
tensegrity structure", in International Journal of Solids and Structures, Volume 40, Issue 23, November 2003,
Pages 6347-6367
2003 Published: Han, J., Williamson, D., Skelton, R.E., Equilibrium Conditions of a Tensegrity Structures,
International Journal of Solids and Structures, 40, Nov. 2003, pp. 6347-6367.
2003 Published: J. Quirant, M. N. Kazi-Aoual, R. Motro, "Designing tensegrity systems: the case of a double
layer grid", in Engineering Structures, Volume 25, Issue 9, July 2003, Pages 1121-1130
2003 Published: Liapi, K.A.,, Tensegrity Unit, Structure and Method for construction, U.S. Patent No.
2003/0009974 A1, January 13, 2003
2003 Published: Marc Defossez, "Shape memory effect in tensegrity structures", in Mechanics Research
Communications, Volume 30, Issue 4, July-August 2003, Pages 311-316
2003 Published: Massimiliano Lazzari, Renato V. Vitaliani, Massimo Majowiecki, Anna V. Saetta, "Dynamic
behavior of a tensegrity system subjected to follower wind loading", in Computers & Structures, Volume 81,
Issues 22-23, September 2003, Pages 2199-2217
2003 Published: Motro, R., Tensegrity: Structural Systems for the
http://www.biotensegrity.com/continuous_tension_discontinuous_compression.php , London: Kogan Page
Science.
2003 Published: René Motro, "Typologies", in Tensegrity, 2003, Pages 51-88

http://tensegrity.wikispaces.com/Chronology+of+Tensegrity[2011/4/15 11:36:54]
tensegrity - Chronology of Tensegrity

2003 Published: Schlaich, M., “Der Messeturm in Rostock - ein Tensegrityrekord”. Stahlbau, Vol.72, No.10,
pp.697-701.
2003 Published: Smaili, A., Pliage/Dépliage de systèmes de Tensegrité. Montpellier: Laboratoire de
Mécanique et Génie Civil. Université Montpellier II. Also available in
http://www.lirmm.fr/doctiss04/art/M02.pdf
2003 Published: Stern, I., Deployable reflector antenna with tensegrity support architecture and associated
methods, U.S. Patent No. 6,542,132, April 1, 2003.
2003 Published: Tibert, G. and Pellegrino, S., “Deployable Tensegrity Masts”, 44h
AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference and Exhibit, 7-10
April 2003, Norfolk (USA). Also available in http://www2.mech.kth.se/~gunnart/AIAA-2003-1978.pdf
2003 Published: Tsu, D.V., Chao, B.S. and Jones, S.J., “Intermediate order in tetrahedrally coordinated
silicon: evidence for chainlike objects”, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol.78, No.1-4, July 2003,
pp.115-141.
2003 Published: Wang, B.B. and Li, Y.Y., “Novel Cable-Strut Grids made of prisms: Part I. Basic Theory and
Design”. Int. Journal Space Structures, Vol.44, No.142, pp.93- 125.
2003 Published: Werta, 3delavnica, [on-line], Ljubljana (Slovenia) http://www.3delavnica.com
2003 Published: Williams, W.O., A Primer on the Mechanics of Tensegrity Structures, [online], Pittsburgh
(USA) http://www.math.cmu.edu/~nw0z/publications/03-CNA-013/013bs/03-CNA-013.pdf
2003 Published: Williamson, D., Skelton, R.E., Han, J., Equilibrium Conditions for a Class I Tensegrity
Structures, Revue française de génie civil, July, 2003, pp. 291-310.
2003 Sculpture: Rainbow Arch by Snelson
2003 Talk: Aldrich, J.B., Skelton, R.E., Control/Stucture Optimization Approach for Minimum-time
Reconfiguration of Tensegrity Systems, Smart Structures and Materials: Modeling, Signal Processing and
Control, San Diego, CA, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 5049, pages 448-459.
2003 Talk: Aldrich, J.B., Skelton, R.E., Kreutz-Delgado, K., Control Synthesis for a Class of Light and Agile
Robotic Tensegrity Structures, Proceedings of 2003 American Control Conference, Denver, pages 5245-
5251.
2003 Talk: Pinaud, J.P., Masic, M., Skelton, R.E. Path planning for the deployment of tensegrity structures.
SPIE’s 10th Annual International Symposium on Smart Structures and Materials, San Diego, CA, March
2003.
2004 Patent: Snelson granted patent, #6,739,937: Space Frame Structure Made by 3-D Weaving of Rod
Members
2004 Published: Armstrong, R., Geodesic Domes: Untapped potential? Unpublished BArch dissertation.
School of Architecture, Queen’s University Belfast.
2004 Published: Barber, G.T., Four-strut support composed of non-contacting compression members and
tension members, U.S. Patent No. D487,155, February 24, 2004.
2004 Published: Búrdalo, S., “Vocación de paisaje”, Revista del Ministerio de Fomento, No.531, Jullio-
Agosto 2004, pp. 100-104.
2004 Published: Cornel Sultan, Robert Skelton, "A force and torque tensegrity sensor", in Sensors and
Actuators A: Physical, Volume 112, Issues 2-3, 1 May 2004, Pages 220-231
2004 Published: Gordon, E.D., Physical Training, [on-line], http://ejmas.com/pt/2004t/ptart_dolan_0204.htm
2004 Published: King, J. and Lockhart, F., Great British Exhibitions, [on-line],
http://members.fortunecity.com/gbex/skylon2.html
2004 Published: Marc Defossez, "Mechanical response of a tensegrity structure close to its integrity limit
submitted to external constraints, in Mechanics Research Communications, Volume 31, Issue 5, September-
October 2004, Pages 569-575
2004 Published: Schlaich, M., “The Messeturm in Rostock– A Tensegrity Tower”, Journal of the International
Association for Shell and Spatial Structures: IASS, in press.
2004 Published: Ucsd Flow Control Lab, Turbulent flow / tensegrity fabric interaction, [on-line], San Diego
(USA), http://turbulence.ucsd.edu/gallery/tensegrity.html
2004 Talk: Chan, W., Arbelaez, D., Bossens, F., Skleton, R.E., Active vibration control of a three-stage
tensegrity structure. SPIE 11th Annual International Symposium on Smart Structures and Materials, San
Diego, California, USA, March 2004.
2004 Talk: Masic, M., Skelton, R.E., 3 presentations regarding Class-2 Tensegrity Towers. SPIE’s 11th
Annual International Symposium on Smart Structures and Materials, San Diego, CA, March 2004.
2005 Published: Dimitrije Stamenović, "Effects of cytoskeletal prestress on cell rheological behavior", in Acta
Biomaterialia, Volume 1, Issue 3, May 2005, Pages 255-262
2005 Published: Feng Fu, "Structural behavior and design methods of Tensegrity domes", in Journal of
Constructional Steel Research, Volume 61, Issue 1, January 2005, Pages 23-35
2005 Published: K.A. Lazopoulos, "Stability of an elastic cytoskeletal tensegrity model", in International

http://tensegrity.wikispaces.com/Chronology+of+Tensegrity[2011/4/15 11:36:54]
tensegrity - Chronology of Tensegrity

Journal of Solids and Structures, Volume 42, Issues 11-12, June 2005, Pages 3459-3469
2005 Published: Milenko Masic, Robert E. Skelton, Philip E. Gill, "Algebraic tensegrity form-finding", in
International Journal of Solids and Structures, Volume 42, Issues 16-17, August 2005, Pages 4833-4858
2005 Talk: Chen Zhihua, Shi Jie, "Theoretical analysis and experimental study on tensegrity system", in
Fourth International Conference on Advances in Steel Structures, 2005, Pages 435-440
2005 Talk: Dr. Donald Ingber, "The Relevance of Tensegrity Architecture for Biology and Medicine",
Synergetics Collaborative Fall 2005 Symposium on "Synergetics in the Arts" at the Noguchi Museum.
2005 Talk: Paul C., Lipson H., Valero Cuevas F. J., , "Design of Tensegrity Robots for Fault Tolerant
Locomotion" Proceedings of 12th International Conference on Advanced Robotics (ICAR), Seattle,
Washington, USA, July 18th-20th
2006 Published: "Numerical form-finding of tensegrity structures" by G. Gomez Estrada, H.-J. Bungartz, C.
Mohrdieck, in International Journal of Solids and Structures, Volume 43, Issues 22-23, November 2006,
Pages 6855-6868
2006 Published: , "Tensegrity", in Osteopathy, 2006, Pages 71-81
2006 Published: Bram de Jager, Robert E. Skelton, "Stiffness of planar tensegrity truss topologies", in
International Journal of Solids and Structures, Volume 43, Issue 5, March 2006, Pages 1308-1330
2006 Published: Dimitrije Stamenović, Ning Wang, Donald E. Ingber, "Cellular tensegrity models and cell-
substrate interactions, in Principles of Cellular Engineering, 2006, Pages 81-101
2006 Published: Haïmad Baudriller, Bernard Maurin, Patrick Cañadas, Philippe Montcourrier, Andrea
Parmeggiani, Nadir Bettache, "Form-finding of complex tensegrity structures: application to cell cytoskeleton
modelling, in Comptes Rendus Mécanique, Volume 334, Issue 11, November 2006, Pages 662-668
2006 Published: J. Bursa, R. Lebis, "Tensegrity FE models of mechanical tests of individual cells", in Journal
of Biomechanics, Volume 39, Supplement 1, 2006, Page S325
2006 Published: J.Y. Zhang, M. Ohsaki, "Adaptive force density method for form-finding problem of
tensegrity structures", in International Journal of Solids and Structures, Volume 43, Issues 18-19, September
2006, Pages 5658-5673
2006 Published: J.Y. Zhang, M. Ohsaki, Y. Kanno, "A direct approach to design of geometry and forces of
tensegrity systems", in International Journal of Solids and Structures, Volume 43, Issues 7-8, April 2006,
Pages 2260-2278
2006 Published: Marc Arsenault, Clément M. Gosselin, "Kinematic, static and dynamic analysis of a planar
2-DOF tensegrity mechanism", in Mechanism and Machine Theory, Volume 41, Issue 9, September 2006,
Pages 1072-1089
2006 Published: Milenko Masic, Robert E. Skelton, "Selection of prestress for optimal dynamic/control
performance of tensegrity structures", in International Journal of Solids and Structures, Volume 43, Issues 7-
8, April 2006, Pages 2110-2125
2006 Published: Milenko Masic, Robert E. Skelton, Philip E. Gill, "Optimization of tensegrity structures", in
International Journal of Solids and Structures, Volume 43, Issue 16, August 2006, Pages 4687-4703
2006 Published: P. Cañadas, S. Wendling-Mansuy, D. Isabey, "Structural contribution of the cytoskeleton to
the dynamic response of" adherent cells assessed by a viscoelastic tensegrity model, in Journal of
Biomechanics, Volume 39, Supplement 1, 2006, Page S602
2006 Published: R. Skelton, M. de Oliveira, C. Vera, L.A. Sung, "Nano-mechanics of a tensegrity network
for the erythrocyte membrane skeleton, in Journal of Biomechanics, Volume 39, Supplement 1, 2006, Page
S331
2007 Paper: Active control of tensegrity structures under random excitation by M. Ganesh Raja and S.
Narayanan, Smart Materials and Structures vol. 16 no. 3
2007 Published: J.N. Maina, "Spectacularly robust! Tensegrity principle explains the mechanical strength of
the avian lung, in Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology, Volume 155, Issue 1, 15 January 2007, Pages 1-
10
2007 Published: J.Y. Zhang, M. Ohsaki, "Stability conditions for tensegrity structures", in International
Journal of Solids and Structures, Volume 44, Issues 11-12, 1 June 2007, Pages 3875-3886
2007 Published: M. Schenk, S.D. Guest, J.L. Herder, "Zero stiffness tensegrity structures", in International
Journal of Solids and Structures, Volume 44, Issue 20, 1 October 2007, Pages 6569-6583
2007 Published: Shéhérazade Nineb, Pierre Alart, David Dureisseix, "Domain decomposition approach for
non-smooth discrete problems, example of a tensegrity structure, in Computers & Structures, Volume 85,
Issue 9, May 2007, Pages 499-511
2007 Published: Østen Jensen, Anders Sunde Wroldsen, Pål Furset Lader, Arne Fredheim, Mats Heide,
"Finite element analysis of tensegrity structures in offshore aquaculture installations, in Aquacultural
Engineering, Volume 36, Issue 3, May 2007, Pages 272-284
2007 Workshop: Tensegrity Workshop, Les Moutons Matheux -- Centre de Recherche du Larzac Méridional,
La Vacquerie et Saint Martin de Castries, France, sponsored by Centre d'Analyse et de Mathématique

http://tensegrity.wikispaces.com/Chronology+of+Tensegrity[2011/4/15 11:36:54]
tensegrity - Chronology of Tensegrity

Sociales/Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (CAMS/EHESS), Paris, July 9, 2007 to July 13,
2007
2008 Conference: 25 nov 08, “Tensegridad, Estructuras de Compresión Flotante”, Ponencia en el IV
Congreso Internacional de Estructuras (Valencia), de la Asociación Científico-Técnica del Hormigón
Estructural, by Valen Gómez Jáuregui.
2008 Published: Bernard Adam, Ian F.C. Smith, "Active tensegrity: A control framework for an adaptive civil-
engineering structure", in Computers & Structures, Volume 86, Issues 23-24, December 2008, Pages 2215-
2223
2008 Published: Christopher S. Chen, Donald E. Ingber, "Tensegrity und Mechanoregulation: Vom Skelett
zum Zytoskelett", in Osteopathische Medizin, Zeitschrift für ganzheitliche Heilverfahren, Volume 9, Issue 4,
November 2008, Pages 4-5, 6-7, 8-11, 12-17
2008 Published: Donald E. Ingber, "Tensegrity and mechanotransduction", in Journal of Bodywork and
Movement Therapies, Volume 12, Issue 3, July 2008, Pages 198-200
2008 Published: Donald E. Ingber, "Tensegrity-based mechanosensing from macro to micro", in Progress in
Biophysics and Molecular Biology, Volume 97, Issues 2-3, June-July 2008, Pages 163-179
2008 Published: Graham Scarr, "A model of the cranial vault as a tensegrity structure, and its significance to
normal and abnormal" cranial development, in International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine, Volume 11,
Issue 3, September 2008, Pages 80-89
2008 Published: Jean François Dubé, Nicolas Angellier, Bernard Crosnier, "Comparison between
experimental tests and numerical simulations carried out on a tensegrity minigrid, in Engineering Structures,
Volume 30, Issue 7, July 2008, Pages 1905-1912
2008 Published: Offer Shai, Uri Ben Hanan, Yefim Mor, Michael Slovotin, Leon Ginzburg, Avner Bronfeld,
Itay Tehori. Deployable Tensegrity Robots. ICR (Israeli Conference on Robotics), November 26-27 2008,
Herzelia, Israel.
2008 Published: Paulo Gustavo von Krüger, Francisco Carlos Rodrigues, Luis Eustáquio Moreira, Edgar
Vladimiro Mantilla Carrasco, Marcelo Greco, "Mechanical behavior of a tensegrity dome", in Mechanics
Research Communications, Volume 35, Issue 7, October 2008, Pages 460-465
2008 Published: Sergi Hernàndez Juan, Josep M. Mirats Tur, "Tensegrity frameworks: Static analysis
review", in Mechanism and Machine Theory, Volume 43, Issue 7, July 2008, Pages 859-881
2008 Published: Verena Eichhorn, in Osteopathische Medizin, Zeitschrift für ganzheitliche Heilverfahren,
Volume 9, Issue 4, November 2008, Page 27
2008 Published: Yaozhi Luo, Xian Xu, Tanmay Lele, Sanjay Kumar, Donald E. Ingber, "A multi-modular
tensegrity model of an actin stress fiber", in Journal of Biomechanics, Volume 41, Issue 11, 7 August 2008,
Pages 2379-2387
2008 Research: Avner Bronfeld: Control of type 1 tensegrity structure, Mechanics Engineering, Tel Aviv
University (TAU)
2009 Conference: 26 jun 09, “Principios biomecánicos de la Tensegridad en Anatomía”. Conferencia en el
VI Congreso de Enfermería de da Actividad Física y el Deporte, Santander, 2009, by Valen Gómez Jáuregui.
2009 Conference: 28 sep 09, “Controversial Origins of Tensegrity”, Conferencia en el IASS Symposium
2009, Valencia, by Valen Gómez Jáuregui.
2009 Published: "Pre-stressed Tensegrity Structures built from DNA" by Tim Liedl, Donald E. Ingber, William
M. Shih, in Biophysical Journal, Volume 96, Issue 3, Supplement 1, February 2009, Page 20a
2009 Published: Offer S., Tehori I., Bronfeld A., Slavutin M., Ben-Hanan U., Adjustable Tensegrity Robot
Based on Assur Graph Principle, to appear in the proceedings of International Mechanical Engineering
Congress & Exposition IMECE 2009, Florida, November 2009.
2009 Published: Albert Graells Rovira, Josep M. Mirats Tur, "Control and simulation of a tensegrity-based
mobile robot", in Robotics and Autonomous Systems, Volume 57, Issue 5, 31 May 2009, Pages 526-535
2009 Published: C. Sultan, "Chapter 2 Tensegrity: 60 Years of Art, Science, and Engineering", in Advances
in Applied Mechanics, Volume 43, 2009, Pages 69-145
2009 Published: Carsten Pflüger, "Leserbrief zum Artikel „Tensegrity und Mechanoregulation: Vom Skelett
zum Zytoskelett”", in Osteopathische Medizin, Zeitschrift für ganzheitliche Heilverfahren, Volume 10, Issue 1,
18 February 2009, Page 39
2009 Published: Claus-Heinrich Siemsen, Heimbert Dittrich, "Kräfteverteilungen im Körper des Menschen
am Beispiel von Gewichthebern – Tensegrity als Erklärungsmodell", in Osteopathische Medizin, Zeitschrift für
ganzheitliche Heilverfahren, Volume 10, Issue 3, 1 September 2009, Pages 14-18
2009 Published: Cornel Sultan, "Designing structures for dynamical properties via natural frequencies
separation: Application" to tensegrity structures design, in Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing,
Volume 23, Issue 4, May 2009, Pages 1112-1122
2009 Published: J.Y. Zhang, S.D. Guest, M. Ohsaki, "Symmetric prismatic tensegrity structures. Part II:
Symmetry-adapted formulations", in International Journal of Solids and Structures, Volume 46, Issue 1, 1

http://tensegrity.wikispaces.com/Chronology+of+Tensegrity[2011/4/15 11:36:54]
tensegrity - Chronology of Tensegrity

January 2009, Pages 15-30


2009 Published: J.Y. Zhang, S.D. Guest, M. Ohsaki, "Symmetric prismatic tensegrity structures: Part I.
Configuration and stability", in International Journal of Solids and Structures, Volume 46, Issue 1, 1 January
2009, Pages 1-14
2009 Published: John Rieffel, Francisco Valero-Cuevas, Hod Lipson, "Automated discovery and optimization
of large irregular tensegrity structures", in Computers & Structures, Volume 87, Issues 5-6, March 2009,
Pages 368-379
2009 Published: Josep M. Mirats Tur, Sergi Hernàndez Juan, "Tensegrity frameworks: Dynamic analysis
review and open problems", in Mechanism and Machine Theory, Volume 44, Issue 1, January 2009, Pages
1-18
2009 Published: K.W. Moored, H. Bart-Smith, "Investigation of clustered actuation in tensegrity structures",
in International Journal of Solids and Structures, Volume 46, Issue 17, 15 August 2009, Pages 3272-3281
2009 Published: Krzysztof Kassolik, Anna Jaskólska, Katarzyna Kisiel-Sajewicz, Jarosław Marusiak, Adam
Kawczyński, Artur Jaskólski, "Tensegrity principle in massage demonstrated by electro- and
mechanomyography", in Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 13, Issue 2, April 2009,
Pages 164-170
2009 Published: M. Pagitz, J.M. Mirats Tur, "Finite element based form-finding algorithm for tensegrity
structures", in International Journal of Solids and Structures, Volume 46, Issue 17, 15 August 2009, Pages
3235-3240
2009 Published: Marc Arsenault, Clément M. Gosselin, "Kinematic and static analysis of a 3-PUPS spatial
tensegrity mechanism", in Mechanism and Machine Theory, Volume 44, Issue 1, January 2009, Pages 162-
179
2009 Published: Tibor Jordán, András Recski, Zoltán Szabadka, "Rigid tensegrity labelings of graphs", in
European Journal of Combinatorics, Volume 30, Issue 8, November 2009, Pages 1887-1895
2009 Research: Omer Orki: Control of chain of tow dimensional tensegrity structures, Mechanics
Engineering, Tel Aviv University (TAU)
2009 Simultaneous Optimization of Structure and Control of Smart Tensegrity Structures,Journal of
Intelligent Material Systems and Structures January 2009 vol. 20 no. 1 109-117

Tensegrity Chronology, 2010's

2010 Kurilpa Bridge opens in Queensland, Australia


2010 Published: András Recski, Offer Shai, "Tensegrity frameworks in one-dimensional space", in European
Journal of Combinatorics, Volume 31, Issue 4, May 2010, Pages 1072-1079
2010 Published: Athanassios P. Pirentis, Konstantinos A. Lazopoulos, "On the singularities of a constrained
(incompressible-like) tensegrity-cytoskeleton model under equitriaxial loading, in International Journal of
Solids and Structures, Volume 47, Issue 6, 15 March 2010, Pages 759-767
2010 Published: Daniel Lobo, Francisco J. Vico, "Evolutionary development of tensegrity structures", in
Biosystems, In Press, Corrected Proof, Available online 7 July 2010
2010 Published: Hoang Chi Tran, Jaehong Lee, "Advanced form-finding of tensegrity structures", in
Computers & Structures, Volume 88, Issues 3-4, February 2010, Pages 237-246
2010 Published: Hoang Chi Tran, Jaehong Lee, "Initial self-stress design of tensegrity grid structures", in
Computers & Structures, Volume 88, Issues 9-10, May 2010, Pages 558-566
2010 Published: Hoang Chi Tran, Jaehong Lee, "Self-stress design of tensegrity grid structures with
exostresses", in International Journal of Solids and Structures, Volume 47, Issue 20, 1 October 2010, Pages
2660-2671
2010 Published: J.Y. Zhang, S.D. Guest, R. Connelly, M. Ohsaki, "Dihedral ‘star’ tensegrity structures", in
International Journal of Solids and Structures, Volume 47, Issue 1, 1 January 2010, Pages 1-9
2010 Published: Landolf Rhode-Barbarigos, Nizar Bel Hadj Ali, René Motro, Ian F.C. Smith, "Designing
tensegrity modules for pedestrian bridges", in Engineering Structures, Volume 32, Issue 4, April 2010, Pages
1158-1167
2010 Published: Massimo Cefalo, J.M. Mirats Tur, "Real-time self-collision detection algorithms for
tensegrity systems", in International Journal of Solids and Structures, Volume 47, Issue 13, 15 June 2010,
Pages 1711-1722
2010 Published: N. Bel Hadj Ali, I.F.C. Smith, "Dynamic behavior and vibration control of a tensegrity
structure", in International Journal of Solids and Structures, Volume 47, Issue 9, 1 May 2010, Pages 1285-
1296

http://tensegrity.wikispaces.com/Chronology+of+Tensegrity[2011/4/15 11:36:54]
tensegrity - Chronology of Tensegrity

2010 Published: Robert E. Skelton, Maurício C. de Oliveira, "Optimal tensegrity structures in bending: The
discrete Michell truss", in Journal of the Franklin Institute, Volume 347, Issue 1, February 2010, Pages 257-
283
2010 Published: Shintaro Ehara, Yoshihiro Kanno, "Topology design of tensegrity structures via mixed
integer programming", in International Journal of Solids and Structures, Volume 47, Issue 5, 1 March 2010,
Pages 571-579
2010 Published: Yue Li, Xi-Qiao Feng, Yan-Ping Cao, Huajian Gao, "A Monte Carlo form-finding method
for large scale regular and irregular tensegrity structures", in International Journal of Solids and Structures,
Volume 47, Issues 14-15, July 2010, Pages 1888-1898

Tensegrity Chronology, References

The most comprehensive timeline is in Tensegrity Structures by Jáuregui ,chapter 2, Background; that
information provided the beginning of this article.

I also used his Jáuregui's bibliography.

See Burkhardt's A Practical Guide to Tensegrity Design 2nd edition Copyright 2004-2008 for a good history.

Snelson's website has a list of his exhibitions: http://www.kennethsnelson.net/icons/bio.htm

[1] Chronological Biography of Richard Buckminster Fuller hosted by Buckminster Fuller Institute (BFI), at
http://bfi.org/about-bucky/biography/chronological-biography accessed 16 July 2010

Portal To Basic Concepts


A series of pages addressing critical concepts; see also the index.
Tensegrity> Benefits, Chronology, Definitions, Dynamics, Force, Mast, Pneumatics, Stability, Stiffness,
Stress, Videos
Compression> Strut: Curved, Linear, Nucleated, Ring
Tension>Floating, Tendon,
Forms> Bicycle wheel, Folding, Musical instruments, Plane, Prism, Skew, Specific Strength, Springs,
Torus, Tuning, Wall, Weaving.
Founders> Fuller, Snelson

About · Blog · Pricing · Privacy · Terms · Support · Upgrade


Contributions to http://tensegrity.wikispaces.com are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Portions not contributed by visitors are Copyright 2011 Tangient LLC.

Home
Loading...
Home Turn Off "Getting Started"
Loading...

http://tensegrity.wikispaces.com/Chronology+of+Tensegrity[2011/4/15 11:36:54]

Похожие интересы