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MANUAL

Start
2

Getting Started Scale Explorer (Section B)������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 13


Load Scaler in your Favourite Software������������������������������������������������������������4 Diatonic Chords View �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 13
Scaler & ScalerControl ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������4 Chord Variations View ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 13
Triggering Scaler with MIDI�����������������������������������������������������������������������������������4 Voicings View ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 13
Controlling an External Instrument�������������������������������������������������������������������5 Progression Builder (Section C)������������������������������������������������������������������������ 14
MIDI Routing in Ableton Live with Scaler (VST)���������������������������������������5 Using the Progression Builder���������������������������������������������������������������������� 14
MIDI Routing in Logic Pro with ScalerControl (AU)��������������������������������6 Detect from Builder ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 14
Interface Undo-Redo in Progression����������������������������������������������������������������������������� 14
Resizing the UI (User Interface)����������������������������������������������������������������������7 Navigate in your Progression������������������������������������������������������������������������ 14
Multi Selection of Chords����������������������������������������������������������������������������������7 Export Note Duration��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 14

 
Header����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������7 Relative Chord Finder�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 14
The Status Bar��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������7 Octave and Inversion Controls��������������������������������������������������������������������� 15
MIDI Panic Button������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������8 Save a Chord Set������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 15
Volume and Sound Selector Speaker�������������������������������������������������������������8 Export to your DAW������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 15
Settings Menu���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������8 Tips for Using Scaler
The Help and Registration Buttons����������������������������������������������������������������9 Identify the Scale of your Tune�������������������������������������������������������������������������� 16
Instrument Panel��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������9 Start the Analysis����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 16
Keyboard Visualisation���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������9 Select a Scale�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 16
Fretboard Visualisation����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 10 Appendix
Bind MIDI�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 10 Musical Notation����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 17
Articulations��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 10 Chord Degree������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 17
Browser (Section A)����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 11 Chord Quality������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 17
MIDI Detection Mode�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 12 Troubleshooting
Chord Editing������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 12 Legal
Scale Finder���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 12
Chord Set Selector �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 12
Transposition Controls ������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 12
Copy to Builder��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 12
Preview Chord Sets������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 12
3

INTRODUCTION
Scaler is a composition assistant which identifies the scales of your
tune to help you build powerful chord progressions. Built to keep you

 
in charge of the creative process, it helps you compose in a faster and
more efficient way. Scaler also comes complete with hundreds of chord
progressions made by world famous artists across various musical
genres.
Developed by music industry professionals and refined by a team of
producers and artists, Scaler defines a new and efficient workflow and
helps you leverage the power of music theory in your own production.
4

GETTING STARTED Scaler


When using the VST version of Scaler you can control external
In this chapter, you will learn how to integrate Scaler in your musical instruments by routing the MIDI (Music Instrumental Digital Interface)
workflow. output of the Scaler track to the input of the track with the instrument
you want to control. Refer to the manual of your DAW for more
information on how to route MIDI in your software.
LOAD SCALER IN YOUR FAVOURITE SOFTWARE
ScalerControl
Scaler is an audio plugin compatible with most DAW (Digital Audio
ScalerControl must be loaded as a MIDI effect plugin in a DAW that
Workstation) and is available in multiple formats: VST (Virtual Studio
supports this feature. A MIDI effect does not have the ability to output
Technology), AU (Audio Units) and AAX (Avid Audio eXtension).

 
sound so you need to load another instrument on the same track.
To start using Scaler, load it on a software instrument track in your
Refer to the manual of your DAW for more information on how to use
favorite DAW. Follow the guides below to use Scaler with Ableton Live
MIDI effect plugins.
or Logic Pro otherwise you can refer to your DAW manual for more
information on how to load a virtual instrument on a track.
TRIGGERING SCALER WITH MIDI
If your DAW organises your audio plugins by vendor, you will find Scaler
under Plugin Boutique  Scaler. You can trigger chords and notes generated in Scaler using MIDI. To do
so, you need to bind the MIDI signal to the Section A, B or C you want to
Scaler & ScalerControl control.
Click on one of the BIND MIDI buttons located in the Browser (Section A),
Scaler is packaged with ScalerControl, a version specifically built for
the Scaler Explorer (Section B) or the Progression Builder (Section C) to
DAWs supporting AU MIDI Controlled Effect plugins. Both plugins
start triggering Scaler with MIDI.
contains the same detection features and exclusive content. The main
difference between the two plugins is how you configure them to trigger
external instruments.
If you use a DAW only compatible with AU plugins like Logic Pro for
example, you might consider using ScalerControl if you wish to control
an external instrument from Scaler.
5

CONTROLLING AN EXTERNAL INSTRUMENT start triggering chords from Scaler, the sound should now be rendered
using the instrument you’ve been configuring.
Because of differences in implementation, VST plugins can have their
MIDI output routed to other tracks whereas AU plugins lack this ability.
Scaler overcomes this limitation by offering ScalerControl as an AU MIDI
effect plugin.

MIDI Routing in Ableton Live with Scaler (VST)


Load Scaler on a MIDI track. Navigate to your plugin list and drag Scaler
to the MIDI track of your choice.

 Arm the track Scaler has been loaded on and press a key on the piano roll
in your DAW or your MIDI controller. 
Scaler should identify the name of the note in the status bar:

If the sound output of Scaler is enabled you should hear the note you just
played through Scaler’s integrated sound.

Triggering another instrument from Scaler (VST)


Because of limitations in the Audio Unit plugin format, it is not possible
to trigger another instrument using the AU version of Scaler.
After loading Scaler on a MIDI track, load the instrument you wish to
control on another track.
In the “In/Out” section of the track, Select “Scaler” in the “MIDI From”
dropdown and set the Input Channel to “Scaler”. Arm both tracks and
6

MIDI Routing in Logic Pro with ScalerControl (AU)


Load Scaler on a MIDI track by Selecting it from the instrument
dropdown menu.
Select the track to ensure that the MIDI signal is sent to Scaler and start
pressing keys on the piano roll or your MIDI controller.
Scaler should identify the name of the notes in the status bar:

 If the sound output of Scaler is enabled you should hear the note you just
played through Scaler’s integrated sound.

Triggering Another Instrument from Scaler (ScalerControl)
Load ScalerControl on a MIDI track as a MIDI FX and on the same track
load the instrument you wish to control as a standard MIDI instrument.
Start triggering notes or chords from Scaler, the sound is now rendered
through the instrument you have selected.
7

INTERFACE Multi Selection of Chords


Hold CMD (MacOS) or Ctrl (Windows) and click on any chord to create
There are 5 main areas in Scaler:
a multi-selection. You can pick chords from any section, the order of
selection is maintained. You can then drag them to the Progression
Builder (Section C) or directly to your DAW.

 
HEADER

The Status Bar


The Note(s) and Chord(s) status bar displays a live feedback of the MIDI
input. They display the notes played on the MIDI channel and/or chords if
detected.
Resizing the UI (User Interface)
To resize the UI, click on one of the resizing corners located at the top
and bottom right of the Scaler window and adjust the window to the
desired size. You can use the status bars to test your MIDI configuration. Try to play a
note on your keyboard, the name of the note played should be indicated
in the status bar.
8

MIDI Panic Button Allow Multi-Trigger


Multiple bound chords can be triggered simultaneously.
Send “All Notes OFF” message easily to get rid of jammed
notes when controlling an external instrument.

Volume and Sound Selector Speaker


Click on the speaker icon  to enable or disable Scaler’s
sound output. Click the dropdown menu to select one of
Scaler’s built in sounds.

 Settings Menu
To open the “Settings menu” , click on the cog icon 

Use Light Skin
A light, clear coloured skin if you wish to change from the default dark
look of Scaler.

Show Tooltips on Mouse Hover


Disable to improve UI performances.

Control Notes Duration with Mouse click


Mouse-Down to trigger and hold notes, Mouse-Up to release.

Play Chords on Octave/Inversion Change


Progression Builder items only.

Humanize Velocity (Randomisation)


Produces a more natural playing style by slightly randomizing the
velocity of each note in the chord.
9

The Help and Registration Buttons  Click on the Registration button to register your Scaler license or check
how many days you have left on your trial.

 Click the Help button to access the manual, video guides and tutorials
directly from Scaler in your DAW.

 INSTRUMENT PANEL
The instrument panel allows you to visualize notes, chords and scales on
a keyboard or a fretboard.

Keyboard Visualisation
The keyboard helps you find the keys that belong to a scale, visualize
chord voicings and shows the binding area on your keyboard when using
the Bind MIDI function.
10

Fretboard Visualisation PERFORMANCE


Find notes, scales and chords on fretted instrument (with support for Scaler allows you to perform your chord progressions by triggering
25+ tunings for Guitar, Bass, Ukulele and Banjo). chords through MIDI and using articulations to bring your compositions
to life.

Bind MIDI
The Bind MIDI controller gives you the ability to bind chords from any of
the three Sections A, B or C. You can move by one octave of the binding
area using the // or  buttons.

 Tuning Selector
Select the tuning you want to use by scrolling the list under the
“Fretboard Visualisation” button.

Articulations
Playback your chords using the arpeggio or strumming functions using
the articulation controls.
11

Arpeggiator Scale Lock


A fully featured arpeggiator with support for 3 patterns (Up, Down, Lock keys on your keyboard to play in any scale with ease.
UpDown), 5 timings (from whole note to 16th with dotted and triplets
variants) and a latch function.

 Use Scale Notes

 
Lock all the notes out of the current selected scale to ensure you are
always in key when playing melody and chords.
 White Keys Only

Map any scale to the white keys only. Black keys will be deactivated.
Strumming
Simulate a strum on a guitar with different playing profiles and BROWSER (SECTION A)
directions.
The Browser allows you to navigate between the MIDI Detection mode,
the scale finder, and the Chord Set selector.
12

MIDI Detection Mode Chord Set Selector


In this mode, Scaler detects the scales compatible with A chord set can be either a list of chords, a chord progression or a song
what you are playing. The detection is based on the saved in Scaler. Chord sets help you find inspiration, discover chord
MIDI signal. You can play something on your keyboard voicings and understand how progressions and songs works.
or analyse a piece of MIDI on the Scaler track in your You can choose a chord set by selecting it from one of the 3 menus
DAW. representing the different types of chord sets:
 Song sets, organised by genre.
Chord Editing
 Artists sets, crafted by artists.
Create or edit any chord in Scaler and to build your

 own voicing.
The Create button opens the chord editing screen.
Click on the keyboard keys to define a chord voicing.
 User sets, created by users.

Transposition Controls

Scaler identifies the chord name automatically. You You can easily transpose the selected chord set using
can drag and drop the chord to the Progression the transposition controls located on the left side of
Builder (Section C). the Browser (Section A).
You can also modify any chord in Scaler by using
Right-Click  Edit Chord. Copy to Builder
You can edit chords from the Progression Builder Copy all chords from Section A directly to the
(Section C) by clicking on the Edit button below the Progression Builder (Section C) for a faster editing.
chord you wish to modify. Only chirds will be copied, standalone notes will be
discarded.
Scale Finder
To quickly find a specific scale, click the Scales button in the Browser
Preview Chord Sets
(Section A). Every scale supported by Scaler is listed here and you can Play chords from Section A to preview progressions.
filter by note or type in order to find the scale you are looking for.
13

SCALE EXPLORER (SECTION B) Chord Variations View


The Scale Explorer let you discover a scale in depth by showing you the This more advanced view allows you to navigate through the degrees of
notes and chords it contains. You can explore the chords of the scale the scale. It displays all the chord variations grouped by note. Click the
and discover chord substitutions to easily create variations in your note buttons to display the chords available on each note of the scale.
compositions.

 
The chord variations view contains suggestions of substitutions for each
When you select a scale, the scale explorer window appears its window degree. You can use substitution to give your chord progression more
can be dismissed by clicking on the Close button located at the top right character. Click on the substitution button on the right hand side of the
of the window. The scale explorer allows you to navigate within the scale Chord Variation view to view the suggested substitution for each degree
to find any chord variation from the most basic to the most complex one. of the scale.
Three different views are available.
Voicings View
Diatonic Chords View
This view allows you to navigate predefined voicings that fit the selected
Explore triads, 7th, 9th, 11th and 13th chords of a currently selected scale. scale. Click on the voicings menu to select a voicing. This is a useful tool
Use the global controls to change or reset all chords’ style at once. This for introducing artistic variety to any scale as the voicings have been
allows for simultaneous chord expansion. Clicking Reset will revert the created by established artists.
chord style back to the diatonic triads of the currently selected scale.
14

PROGRESSION BUILDER (SECTION C) Undo-Redo in Progression


The Progression Builder gives you the tools to create your own chord Experiment with confidence and revert your
progressions and export it to your DAW or save it as a chord set. changes at any time.

Navigate in your Progression


Scaler supports up to 32 chords in the progression builder
to allow for experimentation and variations in your tracks.
Using the Progression Builder
Export Note Duration

 
You can Drag and Drop chords to any slot on the progression builder to
start creating your progression. Quickly change the duration of your
Press the Play button to hear your progression. chords before exporting the MIDI of your
progression to your DAW.
Press the Loop button to hear your progression repeated in a loop.
Press the Clear button to remove all chords from your progression. You Relative Chord Finder
can remove an individual chord from your progression by using Right-
Click  Remove on the chord.

Detect from Builder


You can re-detect from the Progression Builder at
any time. Add or edit chords and then click Detect
to determine your new scale.
15

Generate a progression with specific diatonic or non-diatonic intervals To import a chord set User  Import Chord Set(s), then select the chord
(ascending or descending) from any chord. Click Create on an empty set(s) you wish to import.
chord slot in the progression builder then select the interval you which The chord sets you create within Scaler are saved on disk. You can access
to use in your progression. the chord sets folder from the Dropdown  Open Folder. Keep your chord
Scaler calculates the correct chord for you and adds it to your sets organised by grouping them in subfolder directly on your hard drive.
progression. When moving, adding or removing chord sets directly from the folder,
use the User  Refresh List option to reflect the changes in the list.
Octave and Inversion Controls
Scaler allows you to finely tune your chord Export to your DAW

 
progression by selecting the octave and You can drag the MIDI of your progression
inversion you want to play each chord at.
straight into your DAW in order to hear it on a
Click on the  or  button to select the octave different track or further refine your progression in
and inversion you would like to use. a fully featured MIDI editing interface.

Save a Chord Set Click and drag the Drag MIDI button to a track in you DAW to export your
progression.
When building a progression in the
Progression Builder, you can press the Save button.
You will then be prompted to name the chord set,
once you have named your new creation, it will be added to the User Sets
menu.
You can access your saved progression from the User dropdown in the
Browser (Section A). Once selected, the chord set is automatically loaded
and its content is analysed by Scaler’s engine. Chord sets can be deleted,
imported/exported from the same dropdown menu.
16

TIPS FOR USING SCALER Select a Scale


Every time the content of the detection changes, the Scales list updates
IDENTIFY THE SCALE OF YOUR TUNE automatically and Scaler selects the scale most compatible with the
notes or chords played.

Start the Analysis


To begin detection click on the Detect button in the Browser (Section A).

 More than one scale can apply to a given tune or chord progression.
Some scales can work better for specific styles or moods. It is up to you

Press Start, the button turns red, it is now listening to the MIDI signal. to select the scale you want to use.
Start playing notes or chords on your MIDI device or hit Play in your
DAW if you wish to analyse MIDI already on the Scaler track. You can see how closely your current analysis matches the notes of the
scale in the Matches column which represents how many notes and
The notes and chords detected are listed in the Browser (Section A). chords of your tune are present in the scale.
Every note played on Scaler’s MIDI channel will be recorded. The notes You can find some information about the style and mood of the scale next
are evaluated against hundreds of scales and modes to find which ones to its name.
match your tune.
Press the icon  next to a scale name to hear the notes it contains.
You can play back a detected note or chord by clicking on it. You can also
use the Bind MIDI button and replay detected chords using your MIDI For scales starting on an accidental note (sharp or flat notes) you can
controller. switch to the alternative name by clicking the note in the scale name.
This will rename the notes and chords of the scale accordingly.
If you wish to modify the detection, you can remove items by using a
Right Click  Remove.
You can reset the detection by clicking the Clear button.
17

APPENDIX Chord Degree


For each chord, its position in the scale is indicated with roman numerals.
MUSICAL NOTATION
Chord Quality
Scaler uses a compact chord naming convention:
The different qualities of the chords are represented on each chords
The first part of the chord name is referring to the most general (non using one or a combination of the following symbols:
altered) part of the chord.
 For example, a min7 chord refers to a minor seventh chord,
Chord quality Symbol
made up of a minor third and minor seventh above the root.

 The second part are alterations applied to the chord. Alterations are
optional and specified between parenthesis. Alterations affect the chord
by taking precedence over the pitches that would normally establish the
Major

Minor
UPPERCASE NUMERALS or
M[n*]
Lowercase numerals or m[n*]

named chord. Diminished °[n*]
 For example, a min7(b5) chord means that the expected
Augmented +
perfect fifth of the minor seventh chord will be replaced by a
diminished fifth, the rest of the pitches remain unchanged. Suspended sus[n*]
The third part of the name are the extensions. This part is also optional Added note add [n*] or space separated
and separated by spaces.
Sharpened # [n*]
 For example, a min7(b5) b9 is a minor seventh chord with a
diminished fifth to which we have added a flat ninth. Flattened b[n*]

There can be multiple alterations and extensions to a chord. Dominant [n*]


 For example, a min11(b5 #9) is a minor eleventh chord with two Omitted Note no[n*]
alterations on the fifth and ninth, and a min7 b9 #11 is a minor seventh
chord with no alterations but two extensions a flat ninth and a raised *Note number
eleventh.
18

TROUBLESHOOTING

No MIDI Input
Check that your DAW is configured to send a MIDI signal to the track on which
you loaded Scaler. Depending on your software you might need to select or arm
the track you wish to send MIDI to.
No Sound
Check that the sound output in Scaler is enabled.

 Check that the channel on which you loaded Scaler is not muted in your DAW.
If you are using ScalerControl, ensure that an instrument with a sound output
enabled is loaded on the same track as the MIDI effect plugin.

License and Registration Issue
If you have any issue trying to register your license file, please contact us at:
support@pluginboutique.com

HELP AND COMMUNITY


Find help and join the community at: forum.scalerplugin.com
19

LEGAL

VST PlugIn Technology


VST PlugIn Technology by Steinberg Media Technologies

DAWGDIC
Copyright © 2009-2012, Susumu Yata
All rights reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted
provided that the following conditions are met:

 - Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and
the following disclaimer.
- Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions

and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
distribution.
- Neither the name of the University of Tokushima nor the names of its contributors may be
used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific prior written
permission.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS “AS
IS” AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS
BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER
IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

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