Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 98

Skeleton

Официальное
пособие
для подготовки переводчиков

Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

Оргкомитет XXII Олимпийских зимних игр


и XI Паралимпийских зимних игр 2014 года
в городе Сочи
форзац
Skeleton

Официальное
пособие
для подготовки переводчиков

Данное пособие содержит тексты для чтения на английском языке об Олим-


пийских и Паралимпийских зимних спортивных дисциплинах. Тексты сопрово-
ждаются глоссариями, лингвистическими комментариями и вопросами на про-
верку понимания.

Книга для чтения может быть использована, в первую очередь, как вспомога-
тельное пособие для самостоятельной подготовки переводчиков для работы
на Олимпийских и Паралимпийских зимних играх 2014 года в г. Сочи, а так-
же будет интересна широкому кругу лиц, желающих овладеть терминологией
зимних видов спорта на английском и русском языках.

Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

Оргкомитет XXII Олимпийских зимних игр


и XI Паралимпийских зимних игр
2014 года в городе Сочи

Москва, 2012
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Skeleton 5

Olympic sports and disciplines Paralympic sports

contents

Freestyle skiing Nordic combined Alpine skiing Crosscountry skiing 9 ALPINE SKIING
19 BIATHLON
31 BOBSLEIGH
45 CROSS-COUNTRY SKIING
61 CURLING
77 FIGURE SKATING
Snowboard Ski Jumping Cross-country
skiing
Ice sledge hockey 91 FREESTYLE
103 ICE HOCKEY
115 LUGE
129 NORDIC COMBINED
139 SHORT-TRACK
149 SKELETON
Figure skating Speed skating Short track Alpine skiing
159 SNOWBOARD
173 Ski jumping
183 SPEED SKATING

Skeleton Bobsleigh Ice-Hockey Wheelchair curling

Luge Biathlon Curling Biathlon


Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

6 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Welcome


Skeleton 7

Дорогие друзья!

На Игры в Сочи в 2014 году приедут тысячи спортсменов из десятков стран


мира и десятки тысяч зрителей. Для того чтобы все они получили незабы-
ваемые положительные впечатления, необходимо сделать очень многое, но
прежде всего — говорить с ними «на одном языке». Именно поэтому огром-
ную роль для успешного проведения Игр играет правильное применение
Олимпийской и Паралимпийской терминологии и ее верный перевод.

В качестве помощи волонтерам, переводчикам, участникам и гостям Игр мы


разработали учебное пособие по зимним Олимпийским и Паралимпийским
видам спорта. Настоящее издание включает в себя статьи из зарубежной
спортивной прессы, базовую терминологию по заданной тематике с соот-
ветствующими пояснениями и вопросы для проверки понимания текстов.

Игры в Сочи стали настоящим стимулом к изучению иностранного языка,


и мы стремимся к тому, чтобы любой житель нашей страны, желающий
работать в индустрии спорта, мог пользоваться грамотной терминологией
и уверенно общаться с зарубежными специалистами. Данное пособие  —
первый шаг в этом направлении.

Уверен, что это издание станет еще одной жемчужиной Библиотеки «Сочи
2014» и будет оценено по достоинству не только профессиональными
переводчиками, но и теми, кто уже работает в области спортивного менед-
жмента или только его изучает.

Дмитрий Чернышенко

Президент Оргкомитета «Сочи 2014»


Alpine skiing
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

10 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Alpine skiing 11

ARTICLE GLOSSARY
Super-combined Супер-комбинация — общий результат скоростного спуска
или супер-гиганта и одного заезда слалома. Скоростной
AMERICAN STAR BODE MILLER FINALLY WINS спуск и супер-гигант должны проводиться на специально
ELUSIVE OLYMPIC GOLD WITH VANCOUVER гомологированной трассе. Заезд слалома может
SUPER-COMBINED VICTORY проводиться на той же трассе. По возможности, оба заезда
проводятся в один день
WHISTLER, B.C. — When Bode Miller suddenly emerged from the sporting wil-
derness five months ago to rejoin the U.S. ski team, the often-controversial Ski racer Лыжник; горнолыжник
skier said his actions would speak louder than his words. Competition calendar Расписание соревнований

Sunday, Miller acted. Splendidly. On the biggest stage there is. Super-G Супер-гигант — вид соревнований по горным лыжам,
объединяющий скоростной спуск и слалом-гигант.
Forcefully claiming the title of greatest American ski racer of all time, Miller won Спортсмены в супер-гиганте развивают такую же высокую
the Olympic gold medal in men’s super combined, putting on an astonishing dis- скорость, как и при скоростном спуске. Спортсмены
play of grit and versatility to collect his third medal of these Games in as many проходят трассу, ворота на которой находятся примерно на
races and the fifth Olympic medal of his career. том же расстоянии, что и в слаломе-гиганте, но с меньшим
количеством поворотов. Трасса в супер-гиганте длиннее, чем
Bruised from a training crash earlier in the week and exhausted by a compressed
в слаломе-гиганте
competition calendar, the 32-year-old Miller completed one run of downhill and
one run of slalom in a combined time of 2 minutes, 44.92 seconds, beating Giant slalom Гигантский слалом/слалом-гигант — вид соревнований по
Croatia’s Ivica Kostelic by 0.33 seconds. The two disciplines demand the widest горным лыжам, в котором ворота на трассе расположены
possible range of skills, from agility to guts to sheer physical endurance. дальше друг от друга, чем в слаломе, но не так далеко, как
в супер-гиганте. Финальный результат складывается из
“I’ve never really had too many confidence issues in my skiing, but to execute времени прохождения двух различных трасс
on a day like today and the way I executed, the way I skied, is something I’ll be
proud of for the rest of my life”, said Miller. Top-ranked skier Лыжник, имеющий высший рейтинг

Alpine skiing Горные лыжи/горнолыжный спорт. В программу Олимпийских


The gold medal follows the silver Miller won in the super G on Friday and his
игр по горным лыжам включены 10 видов соревнований,
bronze from the downhill a week ago. Miller also won two silver medals — in
каждое среди мужчин и женщин, а именно: скоростной спуск,
giant slalom and combined — at the 2002 Games in Salt Lake City, before he
слалом, гигантский слалом, супер-гигант и супер-комбинация.
conquered the Alpine skiing World Cup. By 2005, Miller was the top-ranked
Правила для мужчин и женщин одинаковые, но трассы
skier in the world, but he famously flamed out in the 2006 Torino Games and
разные. Всего разыгрываются 10 комплектов наград
was conflicted about his goals and commitments. Now, Miller says, he remains
ambivalent about what the Olympics stand for but has surprised longtime ob- Flamed out Потерпел поражение, погасил огонь своей славы
servers here by repeatedly emphasizing that the Olympic spirit has inspired him
Proficiency Квалификация/мастерство
to reach new athletic heights.
Downhill event Соревнования по скоростному спуску
“It’s not like you turn a key and magically ski at your absolute best”, Miller
explained. “When you’re at the Olympics, the energy and everything else, you
can use that to bring your game up. And to be able to do that a few races in a
row — there’s a huge element of luck — it feels absolutely amazing”.
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

12 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Alpine skiing 13

Word combinations and phrases ARTICLE


On the biggest stage there is At the Olympic Games

Astonishing display of grit and Amazing demonstration of courage and ability


JANYK 15TH IN DOWNHILL AT FIS ALPINE
versatility to adapt to different conditions
WORLD SKI CHAMPIONSHIPS
From agility to guts to sheer From swiftness and skill to bravery and ability Janyk finished 15th in the downhill Sunday on another warm and spring-like day at
physical endurance to resist fatigue the 2011 FIS Alpine World Ski Championships in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany.

He conquered the Alpine skiing He won the World Cup in Alpine skiing Janyk had to deal with difficult snow conditions after starting with bib No. 25 and
World Cup crossed the finish line with a time of one minute, 49.53 seconds.

To bring your game up To improve your skills and increase your rating “I went out of the gate and raced hard and I felt confident on the hill. I knew that
at the game if I put a strong run down that I could be right in there but unfortunately I don’t
think my bib number was good”, said Janyk, who will be competing in the team
event and the giant slalom race next week.
QUESTIONS “I didn’t get the best bib draw but the track stayed in great shape and I just went
in there and I raced hard”.
• How did Bode Miller win the title of the greatest American ski racer?
It’s the second time Janyk has finished 15th at these world championships, after
• How much time did Miller gain on Croatia’s Ivica Kostelic in men’s super combined on February getting the same result in the super-G on Tuesday.
21, 2010?
“I lost too much time at the top and at the bottom but in the technical sections
• How did Bode Miller see his victory (What was his self-assessment)? I skied really well and I was fast”, said Janyk. “Obviously, I want better than 15,
but again 15 is in the points and as far as my downhill season has been going it’s
• Did Bode Miller live up to his potential and everyone’s expectations at 2006 Winter Olympic a strong result for me. I think there are some great things going on and I can take
Games in Torino? What happened? that into the World Cups to come”.

• What does the article say about Miller’s attitude towards winning at the Olympics? Para- Elisabeth Goergl from Austria, who was crowned super-G world champion earlier
phrase his own comment about it. this week, won the downhill race in a time of 1:47.24. Second place went to
defending downhill world champion Lindsey Vonn, of the USA (1:47.68). Third
• What lesson can Bode Miller’s case teach young athletes at the start of their career in sports? place was secured by German ski queen Maria Riesch, who finished with a time
of 1:47.84.
• Which questions would you have asked Bode Miller in an interview for an article right after his
“Britt skied well — she had a good race. Unfortunately, there is something miss-
victory at Vancouver Olympics?
ing”, said ladies World Cup head coach Hugues Anzermoz. “We know that starting
with the bib number 25 wasn’t going to be an advantage today, apart from Tina
Maze, who started 29 and had an amazing race. Britt had a great run and did
better than a lot of girls but it seems like she keeps losing time in some sections”.

Erik Guay’s victory in the downhill Saturday gave Janyk a big lift.
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

14 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Alpine skiing 15

“It was definitely a motivation to see Erik win”, she said. “It was incredible be- Word combinations and phrases
cause he’s had a rough season with his back problems and he just came in here
and went for it”. Track stayed in good shape Downhill track was fit for racing in spite of
the fact Janyk started among the last
“I came in here with that kind of attitude as well for the race today. I feel confi-
dent with my skiing and I know I can be fast. I know I’m in the game and I feel
Third place was secured by Third place was taken by
good about that”.

The next event for the ladies will be Wednesday’s team event. The men will race She had a good race She conducted the run well

the super combined event tomorrow. Keeps losing time in some sections Goes through some sections of the track
slower than she should do

GLOSSARY Gave Janyk a big lift Was inspiring for Janyk


Downhill Cкоростной спуск
He came in here and went for it He arrived at the competition and
FIS (Fédération Международная федерация лыжного спорта (FIS) did his best to win
Internationale de Ski)
I’m in the game I’m ready to compete
Alpine World Ski Чемпионат мира по горным лыжам
Championships
QUESTIONS
Bib Нагрудный номер

• How did Britt Janyk from Whistler, Canada, perform at the 2011 FIS Alpine World Ski
Team event Командные соревнования
Championships in Garmisch-Partenkirchen?

Giant slalom Гигантский слалом/слалом-гигант (см. статью Bode Miller)


• Was it the first time she has taken this place at World Championships?

Bib draw Жеребьевка стартовых номеров


• What reasons for her underperformance did she give?

Super-G Супер-гигант (см. статью Bode Miller)


• Who secured the medal places in the downhill race?

Defending downhill Чемпион(ка) мира по скоростному спуску, отстаивающий(ая)


• What did the head coach say about Janyk’s race? Was Hugues Anzermoz criticizing or compli-
world champion свое звание
menting Britt Janyk when answering a question about her performance in the race?

Head coach Главный тренер


• Whose success gave Janyk a big lift?

Super combined event Супер-комбинация (см. статью Bode Miller)


• What questions would you have asked Erik Guay before and after his race
at 2010 Winter Olympics?
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

16 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Alpine skiing 17

ARTICLE GLOSSARY
Ski racing Лыжный спорт

Disabled ski team Команда лыжников-инвалидов

World Титул чемпиона мира


LAUREN’S STORY championship title
Disabled alpine ski team Команда горнолыжников-инвалидов
Lauren Woolstencroft Paralympic Medals:
Born: November 24, 1981 2002 — 2 gold (Super G, Slalom), Ladies downhill event Соревнования по скоростному спуску среди женщин
Sport: Alpine Skiing 1 bronze (Giant Slalom)
Female athlete Спортсменка года
Disability: Amputee 2006 — 1 gold (Giant Slalom),
of the year
Residence: Vancouver, BC 1 silver (Super G)
Paralympic Games: 2002, 2006 Word combinations and phrases
Known as the 2002 Paralympic Winter Games “Golden Girl”, Lauren is an incred-
ible athlete who was born missing both legs below the knee and her left arm Goal setting Purposefulness/commitment
below the elbow. She has been a skier since the age of four when she would ski in
Whitefish, Montana on family ski holidays. She grew up in the Calgary/Banff area. She spends much of her spare time She dedicates much of her free time helping
volunteering with the War Amps of Canadian War Amputees on a voluntary basis
She started ski racing at the age of 14 when a friend convinced her to join the Canada
Alberta Disabled Ski Team. She has four world championship titles and has won
Laureen has been profiled on CBC TV Canadian Broadcasting Corporation has fea-
three Paralympic medals including two Gold, all while completing her electrical engi-
tured a TV program dedicated to Laureen
neering degree at the University of Victoria. Her success is a testimony to Lauren’s
dedication to the sport and determination to overcome any obstacle. She insists Whang Youn Dai Overcome prize Prize established by the International Paralympic
that her disability is as normal for her as any obstacle that other people face every Committee in honor of South Korean Dr. Whang
day. Lauren has been a member of the Canadian Disabled Alpine Ski Team since Youn Dai who made a life-long contribution to
1998. Since then, she has won over 50 medals in various levels of competition. the development of Paralympic sport all over the
world. This award is presented at every Paralym-
When asked how sport has changed her life, Lauren says “sport has given me pic Games to one male and one female who ‘best
a fabulous opportunity to travel and meet people from all over the world”. exemplify the spirit of the Games and inspire and

Competing in sport has also taught her about goal setting and organization, excite the world.’ Now the prize is denominated

making her determined and courageous. She spends much of her spare time ‘Whang Youn Dai Achievement Award’

volunteering with the War Amps of Canada.


QUESTIONS
During the Ladies Downhill event at the 2002 Paralympic Games, she fell and in-
jured her knees. After witnessing her fall, people didn’t expect her to continue ski- • For how long has Laureen Woolstencroft been keen on ski racing?
ing for the rest of the Games. She was rushed to the polyclinic where several doc-
• Which formal and informal World Championship titles has she won?
tors evaluated her and although she was surrounded with doubt, she overcame
her injuries with determination and spirit and went on to win the Gold Medal! • What does she call “a life-changing opportunity”?

Lauren has been profiled on CBC TV’s 2003 Women’s Warriors program, was • What qualities and abilities has she acquired through sports?
Victoria, BC’s 2002 Female Athlete of the Year and won the 2002 Whang Youn • What social commitment does she dedicate her spare time to?
Dai Overcome Prize which was presented to the Top Female Athlete of the
2002 Winter Paralympic Games. • What was amazing in her performance in the Ladies Downhill event at the Paralympic Games of 2002?

• Whom would you refer to Lauren Woolstencroft’s story for encouragement?


Biathlon
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

20 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Biathlon 21

ARTICLE

THE WINNERS ARE…

The winners in the season-long competitions in


the four biathlon disciplines: individual, sprint,
pursuit, and mass start offer a clear insight into
which athletes dominated this season.

While four different women: Helena Ekholm, Magdalena Neuner, Kaisa Mäkäräin- Germany’s Neuner won the World Championship and the end-of-season hard-
en, and Darya Domracheva, went home from Oslo with small crystal globes, ware, with 404 points, despite not competing on two occasions. In her eight
two Norwegian men, Tarjei Boe and Emil Hegle Svendsen claimed all of the sprint appearances, she won three times, with her worst result in her season
men’s awards. This sums up the season quite well, as several women battled debut at Hochfilzen…seventh place. Her talent as a sprinter is unmatchable
for the World Cup Total Score until the final day, while only two men were in the among the women. The Finnish speedster Mäkäräinen won just a single sprint,
battle for the big prize after Khanty Mansiysk. but finished second with 391 points. Third place Tora Berger of Norway, with
356 points missed the first competition and had a horrendous 47th place in
INDIVIDUAL COMPETITIONS Pokljuka, but eventually won twice, in Ruhpolding and Antholz.
Sweden’s Ekholm took the World Championships title with possibly the most Boe’s three wins were enough to seal this title, with 393 points. He had two
dominating 15K performance in memory. Unquestionably the best pure shooter sprint meltdowns, 51st in Antholz and 44th in Oslo, yet in the other eight com-
in the women’s field, Ekholm was perfect in Khanty Mansiysk, leaving the elite petitions finished no lower than fifth. He seems to possess that same silent
field 2:15.8 back. On a day where five penalties were about the norm, she was “fifth gear” like his female counterpart, Neuner. Svendsen was second with 369
the only woman to shoot clean. Her dominance in this discipline is no surprise points and two wins, although he skipped Presque Isle. Peiffer, with his World
as she, scored 173 points to second place Valj Semerenko’s 159. The Ukrainian Championship broke up the Norwegian/French party with his third place here.
Semerenko was extremely consistent finishing fourth in three of the competi- Like Svendsen, he also had two victories. This young German could be challenging
tions. Russia’s Olga Zaitseva, the only bright spot for the Russian women this the elite trio next season, if he continues to improve at his current steady pace.
season finished third with 138 points.
PURSUITS
The top three men vying for the men’s 20K trophy were the Norwegians Sv-
endsen and Boe and the French star Martin Fourcade. This elite club dominated No surprises in this category as the Total Score titlists took top honors, with
all four disciplines, allowing only World Champion Arnd Peiffer to invade their consistent domination.
exclusive group with a third place finish in the sprint competitions. Svendsen
won the crystal in this category, with 188 points, winning twice, but finishing Mäkäräinen, with 343 points won twice including the World Championship. Her
second at the World Championships. Runner-up Boe, with 172 points took the low point was the 6th place in Presque Isle. She has said that she likes the chase
World title, his only win. Fourcade finished with 133 points, scoring in only three aspect of this competition, making her the “perfect” pursuit discipline winner. An-
of the four competitions. drea Henkel, with 303 points had a stellar year, finishing fourth in Khanty Mansi-
ysk and winning in Fort Kent. The individual titlist Ekholm was well back with 279
SPRINTS points, after winning in Hochfilzen and taking a Bronze medal in Russia.

This was the marathon of the disciplines, as it was contested in every World 334 points, one win, and the WCH Bronze were enough for the Norwegian
Cup and the World Championships. wunderkind Tarjei Boe to win another trophy. His amazing move in Oslo to
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

22 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Biathlon 23

second place made history, showcasing his cool demeanor and talent on the GLOSSARY
tracks. Second place Fourcade, the World Champion and Olympic Silver mass
start Silver medallist found it hard to unseat Boe and Svendsen from the top Individual Индивидуальная гонка — классический вид биатлонной гонки
spot on the podium all season, but won the big title in Russia. He was a crucial на 20 км для мужчин и на 15 км для женщин с четырьмя
part of the Oslo pursuit, with his big jump from 35th position to third place. огневыми рубежами. Биатлонисты стартуют с интервалом 30
Svendsen won in Oslo and Fort Kent, but his missed competition kept him from секунд или 1 минута. Каждый биатлонист сам выбирает себе
challenging for this discipline win. огневой коридор на стрельбище. Первая и третья стрель-
ба — лежа, вторая и четвертая — стоя. За каждый промах ко
MASS START времени гонки биатлониста прибавляется 1 штрафная минута

Belarusian Domracheva saved the best for last, taking her first win of the year in Sprint Спринт/спринтерская гонка — укороченная версия индиви-
the final mass start at Oslo and then slipping ahead of Neuner for the crystal win. дуальной гонки, где скорость играет ключевую роль. Длина
Other than her 15th in Oberhof, this ever-smiling poster child for optimism was дистанции в спринте у мужчин — 10 км, у женщин — 7,5 км.
on the podium in the other four mass starts. Neuner skipped the Oslo pursuit Стрельба ведется на двух огневых рубежах поочередно из по-
with illness and came back to try to secure the mass start crystal, but fell short, in ложений лежа и стоя. За каждый промах спортсмен получает
sixth place while Domracheva won. Still, Neuner had two victories, while finishing штрафной круг в 150 м
second at 228 points. Berger took third with a single win, at 206 points.
Pursuit Гонка преследования/парсьют — участники гонки пресле-
Svendsen and Fourcade each won two mass starts, while Boe took the other.
дования стартуют в таком порядке и с такими временными
Yet Svendsen won the biggest prizes here, claiming the World Championship
интервалами, с какими они пришли на финиш в спринте. Длина
with a miniscule five-second win over Evegeny Ustyugov and then taking the
дистанции в гонке преследования у мужчин — 12,5 км, у жен-
final mass start of the season in Oslo, clinching the crystal globe. The Olympic
щин — 10 км. Стрельба ведется на четырех огневых рубежах:
Mass Start Silver medallist Fourcade finished with 230 points, while Boe was
первые два — из положения лежа, два последних — стоя. За
back in third at 211 points.
каждый промах спортсмен получает штрафной круг в 150 м

That is the story of the 2010 — 2011 E.ON IBU World Cup Biathlon season. As
stated at the outset, the trends looking forward are quite clear. The Norwegian Mass start Масс-старт/гонка с общего старта — один из новейших
видов биатлонных гонок. Длина дистанции 15 км для мужчин
men, although not as deep as in some years remain a powerful force, while the
и 12,5 км для женщин со стрельбой на четырех огневых
deep German women’s squad did not miss a beat and stayed on top. A youth-
рубежах. 30 лучших спортсменов стартуют одновременно.
ful group of men established themselves this past season, which, with each
Спортсмены занимают места на огневых рубежах в соответ-
passing week, made it harder for the seasoned veterans to crack the top eight.
ствии с порядком прихода на стрельбище (при первой стрель-
Although numerous female stars retired after Vancouver, there was no serious
бе — в соответствии со стартовым номером). На первых двух
youth movement this year as with the men. The established group of women,
огневых рубежах стрельба осуществляется из положения
several of whom are in their mid-twenties just slipped into the blank spots.
лежа, на последующих двух — стоя
The season is over; the pecking order is set, and soon the cycle will start all over
again. Until then…congratulations to all of the winners! Crystal globe Хрустальный глобус — приз Кубка Мира по биатлону (в общем
зачете по отдельным дисциплинам победителям вручаются
малые хрустальные глобусы; главным трофеем Кубка мира
является большой хрустальный глобус)

World Cup total score Общий зачет Кубка мира

World Титул чемпиона(ки) мира


Championships title
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

24 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Biathlon 25

15K performance Выступление на дистанции 15 км индивидуальной гонки Word combinations and phrases
для женщин
Offer clear insight into which Clearly show who of the participants has the
Pure shooter Биатлонист(ка), отстрелявшийся(аяся) чисто athletes dominated this season advantage throughout the season

Penalties Штрафные санкции в биатлоне за промахи, допущенные на Claimed all the men’s awards Took all the men’s prizes
огневом рубеже (штрафной круг, штрафная минута)
Vying for… trophy Competing for the main prize
Shoot clean Не допустить ни одного промаха на огневом рубеже
Marathon of the distances Paradoxically, a short distance event is called ‘mar-
Приз за выступление на дистанции 20 км индивидуальной athon’ because of many laps of the competition
Men’s 20K trophy
гонки для мужчин during the World Cup and World Championships

Runner-up Участник соревнования, занявший второе место End-of-season hardware Awards presented at the end of the season

Mixed relay Смешанная эстафета — в 2011 году МОК принял решение о Sprint appearances Participation in sprint events
включении смешанной эстафеты в программу Олимпийских
зимних игр 2014 года в Сочи. В смешанной эстафете при- Her talent as a sprinter is No one can boast of such sprinter skills as she
нимают участие четыре спортсмена (две женщины и двое unmatchable
мужчин), которые являются представителями одного Нацио-
нального Олимпийского комитета. Первые два этапа по 6 км Seal this title Secure this title
бегут женщины, следующие два по 7,5 км — мужчины. Каждый
спортсмен дважды выполняет стрельбу (первая стрельба — Possess that same silent ‘fifth gear’ Have the ability to gain speed and save one’s
лежа, вторая — стоя). За каждую незакрытую мишень спор- forces like that of a motor vehicle
тсмен получает штрафной круг в 150 м. Спортсмены стартуют
с трех рядов одновременно, по 10 человек в ряду. Стартовый Broke up the Norwegian/ Broke up the dominance of Norway and France
порядок определяется по зачету Кубка Наций French party
Winners in the total score
Meltdown Провал/проигрыш Total score titlists

Skip Пропустить соревнование She likes the chase aspect of this She likes the excitement of pursuit
competition
IBU (International Международный союз биатлонистов (IBU)
Biathlon Union) Norwegian wunderkind Young and talented biathlete from Norway

Pecking order Неофициальная иерархия Made history Went down in history

Showcasing his cool demeanor and Demonstrating his presence of mind and excep-
talent on the tracks tional skills while racing

Found it hard to unseat from the top Didn’t manage to win the first place in the com-
spot on the podium petition from…
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

26 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Biathlon 27

Saved the best for last Waited up to the end of the season to show the ARTICLE
best performance

Minuscule five-second win Lead by only five seconds

IN BIATHLON, WAR VETERAN REVELS IN


Clinching the crystal globe Winning the main World Cup trophy
LATEST CHALLENGE
Not as deep as in some years Not as intense and extreme as in previous years As a boy growing up in California and then Texas, Andy Soule was not much of
an athlete.
Crack the top eight Take eight first places
“He liked to play Legos and draw and those kinds of things”, recalled his mother,
Slipped into the blank spots Took the places not much disputed Debbie Soule. He did not take to Little League or soccer. In high school, Soule
ran track and cross-country, making the varsity team in high school and winning
a few medals. But “he wasn’t a star by any means”, his mother said. “He was
QUESTIONS just a member of the team”.
Soule, who is 29, is now a bronze medallist. He was third in the 2.4-kilometer,
• Who claimed all of the men’s awards in the World Cup competitions? or 1.49-mile, pursuit sitting biathlon event Saturday, becoming the first Ameri-
can to win a medal at the Paralympic Games in Vancouver and Whistler, British
• Which results did the men’s and women’s best contestants show in biathlon individual events? Columbia, and the first American in history to win a medal in biathlon. He placed
fourth Wednesday in the 12.5-kilometer, or 7.76-mile, sitting event and shot
• Why Neuner’s talent was considered unmatchable among the women sprinters? perfectly, hitting all 20 of the targets during the race.

• What qualities enabled the Norwegian wunderkind to take Second Place? Soule’s journey to the Paralympics began in 2005. Two months after he was
deployed to Afghanistan with the Army, an explosive device went off under the
• What was the outcome of the mass start for the Russian Evgeny Ustyugov? truck in which he was riding. Both of his legs were later amputated above the
knee.
• Are the trends in men’s biathlon any different from those of women’s? While recovering at Brooke Army Medical Center in San Antonio, Soule threw
himself into athletics, sampling sports like fencing and sitting volleyball. During
• What does the author mean by saying “soon the cycle will start all over again”? a handcycling event in San Antonio, Soule said, he met Marc Mast, who ran a
training program for disabled skiers in Idaho.
• Youthful, seasoned, established…. Which of these and other adjectives used by the author in
this article are figures of speech, and which are technical terms in sports? “He felt that I had potential to be a good Nordic sit-skier, based on seeing me
handcycle”, Soule said. “I couldn’t be a soldier, certainly not in the infantry any-
more. I needed something new to challenge me”.
Soule entered the Army in 2002, motivated by the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11.
He also felt lost at Texas A&M, where he was a junior. “I was burned out on
college”, he said. “I wasn’t doing well”.
Biathlon was a good fit because it combined an endurance sport and shooting.
Soule grew up visiting a shooting range with his father, who is retired from the Air
Force, and felt comfortable with a rifle. Paralympic biathletes and cross-country
skiers who do not have the use of their legs race in special chairs attached to skis.
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

28 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Biathlon 29

Soule accepted Mast’s invitation in 2005 and traveled to Sun Valley, Idaho, Cross-country skiers Спортсмены, участвующие в лыжных гонках
to attend a development camp for beginning skiers. In 2006, he moved there
to train full time and quickly made his mark. Soule won a silver medal at the Overall medal count Общий медальный зачет
national championships in 2007, and finished in the top 10 in two World Cup Cross-country skiing Лыжные гонки
races the same year.
On Thursday, Soule finished behind three biathletes from Russia, which so far Word combinations and phrases
has dominated the Paralympics just weeks after its team was widely thought
to have underperformed at the Olympics. As of Thursday, Russian athletes had Revels in latest challenge Enjoys the latest challenge
won 8 gold medals and 23 medals over all. The United States, which won the Was not much of an athlete Wasn’t very keen on sports
overall medal count at the Olympics, is in sixth place, with one gold medal and
four medals over all. Hitting all 20 of the targets Hitting 4 targets in each of the 5 shooting
during the race rounds (as at the long distance (12.5 km) race
Soule is also competing in cross-country skiing and will race in two more events. skiers circle the same loop five times and stop
“When he was injured, I knew he would walk again, I knew he would have a nor- four times to shoot; every time each biathlete is
mal life”, Debbie Soule said. “But I couldn’t even dream that he would do some- given five shots)
thing like this. This is pretty amazing”.
Sampling sports A variety of sports one is engaged in

GLOSSARY Ran a training program Organized and conducted a training program

Little league Малая лига (объединение детских бейсбольных команд в США) I needed something new I wanted to find a new challenge for me
to challenge me
Soccer Амереканский футбол
I was burned out on college I was fed up with my college studies
Track (i.e. track Легкая атлетика
and field) Biathlon was a good fit Biathlon suited him well

Cross-country Кросс/бег по пересеченной местности Underperformed at the Olympics Didn’t have good results at the Olympic Games

Varsity team Университетская команда


QUESTIONS
Pursuit sitting biathlon Гонка преследования в биатлоне сидя
• What did Andy Soule’s mother recall about his attitudes to sports in his childhood and youth?
12.5-kilometers Длинная дистанция в Паралимпийском биатлоне
• How did Andy perform at the Paralympic Winter Games of 2010 in Vancouver?
Fencing Фехтование
• What brought Soule to the Paralympics?
Sitting volleyball Волейбол сидя
• Who prompted him to take up Paralympic winter sports?
Handcycling event Велогонка на велосипеде с ручным управлением
• What was his motivation for joining the Army?
Nordic sit-skier Сидячий лыжник
• Why was biathlon a good fit for Andy?
Disabled skiers Лыжники-инвалиды
• What places did Soule take in 2007 events mentioned in the article?
Endurance sport Силовой вид спорта
• What do you think Andy Soule’s mother meant by “that” when she said “… I couldn’t even
Shooting Стрельба
dream that he would do something like this. This is pretty amazing”?
Shooting range Стрельбище/огневой рубеж
• How different was the Russian Paralympic Team’s performance compared to Russian athletes’
Paralympic biathletes Биатлонисты-паралимпийцы results at the Olympics?
Bobsleigh
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

32 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Bobsleigh 33

ARTICLE

A Brief History of Bobsleigh


Although the sled has been around for centuries as a mode of transportation, was determined solely by performance at the Olympics, World and European
the sport of bobsleigh didn’t begin until the late 19th century when the Swiss Championships. Since its inception, however, the World Cup series has added
attached a steering mechanism to a toboggan. an exciting new dimension to the sport where versatility on different tracks and
season-long consistency are rewarded.
In 1897, the world’s first bobsleigh club was founded in St. Moritz, Switzerland,
spurring the growth of the sport in winter resorts throughout Europe. By 1914, Apart from the British influence in the sport’s infancy, a strong U.S. presence
bobsled races were taking place on a wide variety of natural ice courses. from 1928 to 1956, and recent advances by other countries, bobsledding has
been dominated largely by Europe’s alpine nations over the years.
The first racing sleds were made of wood but were soon replaced by steel
sleds that came to be known as bobsleds, so named because of the way crews By far the most successful bobsledding nations have been Switzerland and
bobbed back and forth to increase their speed on the straightaways. Germany.
In 1923, the Fédération Internationale de bobsleigh et de tobogganing (FIBT) The Swiss have won more medals in Olympic, World and European champion-
was founded and the following year a four-man race took place at the first ever ships and World Cup competitions than any other nation.
Winter Olympics in Chamonix, France. A two-man event was added at the 1932
Olympics in Lake Placid, U.S.A., a format that has remained to the present. East Germany emerged as the sport’s major power in the mid 1970s with its
emphasis on sled design and construction. Since reunification, German bobsled-
Bobsled racing began largely as an activity for the rich and adventurous who ders have remained a formidable group, winning numerous Olympic medals and
gathered at alpine resorts for weekends of competition and partying. World Championship titles since 1990.
There was no such thing as training. Competitors simply bought or rented Italy also has a long and successful track record in the sport, particularly from
a sled, started out as a rider and then took the wheel after a few runs. the mid 1950s to late 1960s, and Austria has had its shining moments.
By the 1950s, however, the sport as we know it today had begun to take In World Cup competition the Swiss and Germans have won the most medals,
shape. As the critical importance of the start was recognized, strong, fast ath- followed closely by Canadian teams.
letes in other sports were drawn to bobsledding. Track and field competitors,
handballers, gymnasts and others who could deliver a vigorous push at the From the small core of alpine nations who originally embraced bobsledding,
start were much sought after. the sport has since expanded around the world to include countries such as
Jamaica, Japan, Australia and New Zealand.
In 1952, a critical rule change limiting the total weight of crew and sled ended
the era of the super heavyweight bobsledder and sealed the future of the sport Although the traditional bobsleigh powers remain strong, other nations have
as an athletic contest of the highest caliber. begun to show their strength. The 1998 Olympic Winter Games in Nagano, Ja-
pan, turned out to be festivals of firsts in bobsleigh. For the first time, two gold
More athletic crews went hand-in-hand with advances in sleds and tracks. To- medals and two bronze medals were awarded at the Olympics; seven medals
day, the world’s top teams train year-round and compete mostly on artificial ice were won by teams from six different nations; eight nations finished among the
tracks in sleek high-tech sleds made of fiberglass and steel. Top Ten in both two-man and four-an events; more nations (25) competed in
four-man races than in two-man (24) and 28 of the 50 affiliated members were
Until the advent of World Cup competition in the mid-1980s, bobsleigh success represented. FIBT At the 1995 World Champion-ships in Winterberg, no fewer
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

34 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Bobsleigh 35

than eight nations placed in the top ten in the four-man event while seven na- Fiberglass Стекловолокно
tions were represented in the top ten of the two-man competition.

Another stage in the evolution of the sport came in the early 1990s with the Track record Рекорд трассы

debut of women bobsledders at events in Europe and North America. In Octo-


ber, 1999, the International Olympic Committee added women’s bobsleigh, and Combined track Санно-бобслейная трасса

men’s and women’s skeleton as full medal sports for the 2002 Olympic Winter
Games in Salt Lake City, U.S.A. Word combinations and phrases
The sport continues to expand. Lake Placid, long a traditional site for bobsleigh Spurring the growth of the sport Encouraging this sport development
competitions, built a challenging new combined track in 1999 — 2000. A new
venue was added for the 2006 Olympic Winter games in Cesana, Italy, and Bob back and forth Repeatedly move backwards and forwards
a new facility is being built for the 2010 Games in Vancouver/Whistler Canada.
Deliver a vigorous push Strongly push a bob at the start
GLOSSARY
Much sought after Extremely desirable
Sled/toboggan Сани

Since its inception From its beginning


Steering mechanism Механизм рулевого управления

Versatility on different tracks Ability to adapt to different track conditions


Bob Боб (сани для бобслея)

Season-long consistency Stability throughout the season


Bobsled (amer.) Бобслей

Embrace bobsledding Willingly accept bobsleigh


Natural ice course Естественная ледовая трасса

Straightaway Прямой участок трассы


QUESTIONS
Fédération Международная федерация бобслея и тобогганинга (FIBT)
Internationale de • When did the sport of bobsleigh begin?
Bobsleigh et de
Tobogganing (FIBT) • Where was the world’s first bobsleigh club founded?

Four-man race Заезд на четырехместном бобе (мужчины) • What were the first racing sleds made of?

Two-man event Соревнования мужчин на бобах-двойках • How had this sport started taking shape by 1950s?

Track and field Легкоатлет • What was a critical rule change introduced in 1952?
competitor
• What are the most successful bobsledding nations?
Handballer Гандболист
• What can you say about other nations’ participation?
Sleek high-tech sled Высокотехнологичные сани обтекаемой формы
• What was the time of female bobsleigh debut?
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

36 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Bobsleigh 37

ARTICLE

THE SLED THE EQUIPMENT

The sled is an aerodynamic machine made of fiberglass and steel, mounted on Bobsledders wear helmets and skintight racing uniforms made from a stretchy
four highly polished steel runners. The two front runners have approximately material. Racing shoes have small spikes on the soles for traction on the ice.
three inches of lateral movement and are attached to ropes held by the driver, Drivers must wear goggles. Most drivers wear gloves, although some prefer
who steers the sled. The brake handles are located on either side of the brake- bare hands to feel the steering ropes better. Some riders wear elbow and shoul-
man in the four-man sled and in front of the brakeman in the two-man sled. The der pads over their racing suits.
temperature of the steel runners is taken electronically immediately prior to
each race. Heating the runners is illegal. At the finish line, the sled and crew are THE TRACK
weighed to ensure they are below the maximum weight. All sleds are standard-
Although a few natural ice tracks are still in use today, most competitions take
ized according to specifications set by the Fédération Internationale de Bob-
place on concrete-based tracks with artificial ice surfaces. Although the stand-
sleigh et de Tobogganing (FIBT).
ard length is 1,500 meters, every course has unique characteristics and varying
SLED SPECIFICATIONS degrees of difficulty. All courses drop a minimum specified vertical distance and
feature numerous banked curves from top to bottom.
In 1985, the following sled standards were introduced by the FIBT to place all
competitors on equal footing. THE RACE

Bobsleigh teams include a brakeman and a pilot in the two-man event, while
two crewmen/pushers are added for the four-man race. From a standing start,
the crew pushes the sled in unison for up to 50 meters. This distance is typi-
cally covered in less than six seconds and speeds of over 40 km/h are reached
Maximum Length 2,70 m 3,80 m before the crew loads into the sled.

Although the difference in start times among the top crews is measured in
tenths or even hundredths of a second, a fast start is critical. As a rule of
thumb, a 1/10th of a second lead at the start translates into a 3/10ths of a
second advantage by the bottom of the course. During a typical 60-second run,
Maximum Width 0,67 m 0,67 m speeds of more than 135 km/h are reached and crews are subjected to over
four times the force of gravity.

WORLD CUP CIRCUIT

Maximum Weight* 390 kg 630 kg World Cup competitions are awarded by the FIBT to member countries through
a bidding process. Competitions may be awarded either to a country or to a
specific track within a country. Each country is allowed to race one sled per
event. Additional sleds must qualify.

* The maximum weight includes the crew. Weight bars may be aded to archive maximum weight In World Cup competition, two heats are held over one day in each event. At the
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

38 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Bobsleigh 39

Olympics and World Championships, four heats are held over two days in both Goggles Защитные очки
the two-man and four-man events. The crew with the lowest combined time is
the winner. Elbow and Защитные локтевые и плечевые щитки
shoulder pads
STARTING ORDER

The FIBT World Ranking, initiated in 2007, is used to determine start positions Concrete-based track Бетонная трасса

for all major events, including the Olympic Winter Games, FIBT World Champion-
ships and FIBT World Cup events. Since the ice becomes rougher as the com- Artificial ice surface Искусственное ледовое покрытие

petition progresses, it is an advantage to be among the first on the track. The


World Ranking system rewards the top crews (based on previous results) with Pusher Разгоняющий/пушер

the best start positions. At the first World Cup competition of each season, the
World Ranking from the previous season is applied. A draw is conducted for the Qualify Пройти квалификационный отбор

top-10 ranked athletes. The rest of the field starts based on the World Ranking
order. The rankings also determine nation quotas, and the starting order for the Heat Заезд

Olympic Winter Games and the World Championships.


Draw Жеребьевка
RANKING

In World Cup competition, medals are awarded to the top three rankings, and
recognition awards for placing fourth through sixth. In addition, points are Word combinations and phrases
awarded to the top-30 finishers in each World Cup race, which leads to the
awarding of World Cup Titles in each of the disciplines, won by those accumulat- Banked curve Sharp turn

ing the most points over the full season.


Crew loads into the sled Bobsleigh team gets into the bob

GLOSSARY Rule of thumb Rough and practical approach based on experi-


Steel runners Стальные полозья ence rather than theory

Driver/pilot Пилот Through a bidding process By making bids as at an auction

Steer a sled Управлять бобом Ranking order Scale positioning/rating

Brake handle Рычаг торможения Recognition award Diploma or souvenir

Breakeman Тормозящий/брейкмен

Bobsledder/bobsleigher Бобслеист

Skintight racing uniform Облегающий костюм спортсмена

Stretchy material Эластичный материал

Spikes on the soles Шипы на подошвах ботинок


Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

40 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Bobsleigh 41

QUESTIONS ARTICLE
• What are the technical features of a bobsleigh sled, and how is it driven?

• Why are sleds and crews weighed at the finish line? CANADA’S LYNDON RUSH PILOTS FOUR-MAN
CREW TO WORLD CUP BRONZE IN NEW YORK
• Which specifications are standard for sleds?
Canada’s Lyndon Rush added his third medal of the season into the vault after
• Describe a bobsledder’s outfit. piloting his four-man crew to third place at a World Cup in Lake Placid, N.Y. on
Sunday.
• Which are the standard and which are the unique features of a bobsleigh track?
The30-year-old Rush, of Humboldt, Sask., and his crew of Calgary’s Justin
Wilkinson, Ottawa’s Cody Sorenson and Edmonton’s Neville Wright, bolted the
• What are the specific roles of each of a bobsleigh crew members?
Canada 1 sled to the bronze medal position on the podium with a two-run time
of one minute, 48.63 seconds (1:48.63).
• How long does it take a team to cover the distance of the first 50 meters?
“The crew did really good today. Our push wasn’t the best, but they were solid”,
• How many bobsleigh heats are held at the Olympics and World Championships? said Rush, who added the team made some last minute changes with Rush’s
Olympic teammate, Chris Le Bihan, unable to compete. “This is one of the
• How does the World Ranking system work? toughest tracks in the world, and while I try to be motivated for every race, you
have to be ready here”.
The Canada 1 sled was poised to grab its first four-man silver medal of the sea-
son after sitting in second spot following the opening run, but the hard-charging
German team out-pushed the Canucks in the final heat to overtake them in the
final standings.
The bronze-medal finish is the third podium finish for Rush in the first four
events of the post-Olympic season, doubling his career total. The 2010 Olympic
bronze medallist in the four-man, finished second at the season-opener in Whis-
tler, B.C., and added a third last week in Park City to go along with the bronze
in Lake Placid.
“It hasn’t been a bad start to the season, but I have expected a little more of
myself”, said Rush, who has had to adjust to a new crew for the 2010 — 2011
season. “I’m really excited about the four-man. The sled is going really well and
the team is starting to gel. I’ve had four crashes in my two-man sled this year.
The sled is dinged up and needs some work. It has been tough slugging so
I hope that will turn around”.
In addition to becoming the first Canadian to pilot the nation to an Olympic med-
al in the four-man event in more than 40 years at the 2010 Games, the former
football player with the University of Saskatchewan Huskies enjoyed a break-
through season last year where he won World Cup races in both the two- and four-
man events. He also won a bronze medal in the four-man prior to the Olympics.
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

42 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Bobsleigh 43

Rush has been chasing down Steven Holcomb of the United States over the Word combinations and phrases
last two seasons. The Olympic champ teamed up with Justin Olsen, Steven
Langton and Curtis Tomasevicz to claim the gold on their home track with a Into the vault Into the box of valuables, as in a bank
time of 1:48.01.
Bolted the sled to Suddenly brought and secured the sled to
Germany’s Maxmillian Arndt, Rene Tiefert, Alexander Roediger and Martin Put-
ze joined forces to solidify the silver medal after clocking in at 1:48.59.
Our push wasn’t the best We were not very good at pushing the sled
Canadian athletes will now return home for the holiday break before the World at the start
Cup resumes in Igls, Austria, January 14 — 16, 2011.
Was poised to grab Was prepared to win
Bobsleigh CANADA Skeleton is a non-profit organization and the national govern-
ing body for the sports of bobsleigh and skeleton in Canada. With the support of
Sitting in second spot Being in the second place
its valued corporate partners — VISA, Dow Chemical, Adidas, Schenker Canada —
along with the Government of Canada, Canadian Olympic Committee and Own
Hard-charging Very strong
the Podium, Bobsleigh CANADA Skeleton develops Olympic and world champions.
Final standings Final position
GLOSSARY
Team is starting to gel Team begins to take shape
Pilot four-man crew Быть пилотом четверки
Tough slugging Hard/violent fight
Two-run time Время двух заездов
Chase down Pursue/catch up with
Opening run Первый заезд соревнования
Claim the gold Become a gold medallist
Canuck Канюк — прозвище канадца, чаще франкоязычного
Solidify the silver Strengthen one’s chances for the second place
Final heat Последний заезд соревнования

QUESTIONS
Crash Авария на трассе

• What is the history of Lyndon Rush’s success on track?


Be dinged up Получить повреждения

• How did Rush characterize the track in Lake Placid?


Breakthrough season Зд.: результативный сезон

• Why did the season of 2010 — 2011 turn out so difficult for him?
Olympic champ Жарг.: Олимпийский чемпион

• How long did Canada wait before winning an Olympic medal in bobsleigh?
Clock in Показать время

• What was the sport Lyndon Rush participated in before bobsleigh?

• Who claimed gold at the World Cup?

• How much time did the German team lose to the US?

• Who are the supporters of the Bobsleigh CANADA Skeleton non-profit organization?
Cross-country skiing
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

46 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Cross-country skiing 47

ARTICLE

WHAT IS CROSS-COUNTRY SKIING

Paintings thought to be at least 6 000 years old, discovered in Russia in the (classical versus free) in the 10 and 15 km individual start, individual sprint,
1930s, show a hunter — wearing cross country skis and skiing alongside some team sprint and mass start alternates with each cycle of Olympic Games.
reindeer — demonstrate the long history of cross country skiing, which has been
essential to survival in cold climates for centuries. Even today, cross country INDIVIDUAL START
skiing is maybe the best way to survive — and to stay fit — during the winter In this event, women race 10 km and men race 15 km. A competitor starts
season. In fact, elite cross country skiers are widely regarded as the fittest every 30 seconds with the best skiers slated for starting at the very end. Skiers
athletes in the world. The sport requires a strong culture of training and the race against the clock and the winner is the skier with the lowest time.
ultimate levels of fitness and toughness in order to succeed.
MASS START
By the 16th century, the entire Swedish army was fully equipped with skis. The
Norwegian army held cross-country ski competitions as early as 1767. The first The mass start event was introduced at the 2002 Olympic Games in Salt Lake
civilian event took place in the far north of Norway, in 1843. The nordic countries City. Skiers start simultaneously lined up in an arrow format with the best-ranked
pioneered cross country skiing, which is now known as one of the “Nordic” disci- positioned at the arrow’s point. The women’s event is 30 km and the men’s is
plines of the Olympic Winter Games, along with ski jumping and nordic combined. 50 km. Skiing shorter loops in this event allows competitors to pass through the
stadium every 10 to 12 minutes. The first athlete across the line wins. It is not un-
Cross country skiers competed at the first Olympic Winter Games in Chamonix, common for 10 skiers to be fighting for the line, often resulting in a photo-finish.
in 1924, in 18-kilometer and 50-kilometer races for men. Women cross country
skiers made their debut at the 1952 Olympic Winter Games in Oslo. The cross PURSUIT
country skiing technique known as skating or free technique became a separate
Olympic competitive discipline at the Calgary 1988 Winter Games. The pursuit event combines a classical technique part followed by a free tech-
nique part. Similar to the mass start event, competitors start simultaneously,
Cross country is organized into two techniques: classical, where the skis move lined up in an arrow format with the best-ranked skiers at its point. At the half-
parallel to each other through machine-groomed tracks in the snow, and free way point of the race, athletes enter the stadium and change skis and poles
technique where skiers propel themselves in a manner similar to speed skating, as quickly as possible. The women ski 7.5 km classical followed by 7.5 km free
pushing off with the edge of their skis. Classic technique is the original, ancient while the men ski 15 km classical followed by 15 km free. Short loops ensure
method of skiing. Free technique is more modern, having been pioneered by the competitors pass through the stadium every 6 to 8 minutes. The first ath-
U.S. Ski Team member Bill Koch in the early ‘80s, and is slightly faster than lete over the finish line wins.
classical  — almost 10% faster on average. Bill Koch used the free technique
to propel himself to the overall World Cup title in 1982, and remains the only INDIVIDUAL SPRINT
American ski racer to win not only that title, but also an Olympic medal (silver,
1976) and a World Championship medal (bronze, 1982). The individual sprint begins with a qualification round where skiers start in
15-second intervals skiing one lap of the 1.2 km (women) or 1.4 km (men) course.
In Olympic cross country skiing, women compete in individual sprint, team The top 30 finishers from this round advance to the quarter finals. The quarter-
sprint, 10 km individual start, 15 km pursuit, 30 km mass start and the 4x5- final, semi-final and A-and B-final rounds have six skiers in each heat with the top
km relay. Men compete in individual sprint, team sprint, 15 km individual start, two skiers from each heat, plus the top two fastest from each round advancing
30 km pursuit, 50 km mass start and the 4x10 km relay. The technique used to the next round. The A-final consists of 6 skiers vying for the gold medal.
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

48 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Cross-country skiing 49

TEAM SPRINT Word combinations and phrases


In the team sprint, each team consists of two athletes who alternate skiing the
Slated for starting at the very end Due to be the last ones to start
sprint course three times each for a total of 6 laps. After an initial semi-final
round consisting of 10 — 15 teams in each heat, the best five teams from two
Race against the clock Compete to show the shortest time
semi-finals qualify for the final round. Athletes must perform a correct exchange
between laps by physically touching their teammate without interfering or ob-
Fighting for the line Competing to cross the finish line
structing other teams. The winning team is the first team to cross the finish line
after the completion of all 6 laps.
Resulting in a photo-finish Winners being identified by the use of

RELAYS a photo-finish

In the relay event, teams of four ski the first two legs of the relay using the clas- Classical technique/style Traditional skiing technique where athletes use
sical style, and the last two legs using free technique. The women ski four 5 km a diagonal stride in which both skis stay parallel
legs for a total of 20 km while the men ski four 10 km legs for a total of 40 km. to each other
The relay begins in a mass start format with teams lined up in rows and the ex-
change between skiers is similar to that in the team sprint competition. The win- Free technique/style Skiing technique looking similar to that of
ning team is the first across the finish line after the completion of the fourth leg. an ice skater

Vying for the gold medal Competing for the first place in the race
GLOSSARY
Without interfering or obstructing Not being in the way of other teams
Individual sprint Индивидуальный спринт other teams

Team sprint Командный спринт The completion of the fourth leg Finish of the fourth single stage/lap/length/part,
etc., in a race
Individual start Раздельный старт

Mass start Общий старт/масс-старт


QUESTIONS
• Why are cross country skiers widely regarded as the fittest athletes?
Pursuit Гонка преследования/парсьют

• What are the techniques used in cross-country skiing?


Best-ranked skiers Лыжники высшего ранга

• In what kind of competitions are both styles used?


Loop/lap/leg Круг/петля/отрезок (гонки)

• How are these techniques applied at the Olympic Games?


Qualification round Квалификационный раунд

• Describe the following events in Olympic cross-country skiing:


Heat Заезд
Individual start
Mass start
Pursuit
Individual sprint
Team sprint
Relays.
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

50 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Cross-country skiing 51

ARTICLE

ALEX HARVEY IS A TWENTY-TWO-YEAR OLD


ATHLETE WHO CAN TAKE CANADIAN
CROSS-COUNTRY SKIING TO STELLAR HEIGHTS

Harvey is the U23 World Champion from Otepää this year. In Oslo, he and about these guys and hopefully I will be ahead of them next year.
Devon Kershaw sensationally became world champions in classical team sprint
and gave Canada its first male gold medal from the World Championships or Q: What are your main goals in the future?
Olympic Winter Games. FIS Cross-Country News had a chance to interview Alex
Harvey after the season. Alex Harvey: For next year it’s going to be the Tour de Ski but the big goal for
me’s gonna be Sochi. It’s a big dream to win a medal at the Olympics. That’s
Q: Alex Harvey, in which way are you special? the big, big goal for me.

Alex Harvey: Well, I really have no idea in which way I am special. You should Q: You won the team sprint at the World Championships in Oslo. Is there
probably ask my girlfriend or teammates. a chance we will see a Canadian relay team on the podium?

Q: Where do you see your biggest strength? Alex Harvey: I think we can do it. With Ivan, Devon and I, we have three strong
guys. Ivan was top ten in World Cup this year and Devon also on the podium in Tour
Alex Harvey: I think my mental part makes me strong. I’ve always managed de Ski. We also have a new guy, Len Valjas. He is a really strong sprinter but he can
to achieve my career best results at major events such as the Games or World ski well in long distance too. Last year he won the OPA Cup race over 15 km. When
Championships. When I was a junior I also skied well at the Junior World Cham- he is in a pretty good shape and after one more year of training Lenny could be a
pionship so I think my strength is that I can focus on the most important two good guy for the relay team. So definitely we have a chance for a podium.
weeks of the season.
Q: How do you think Cross-Country skiing has developed as a sport?
Q: You finished tenth in the overall World Cup standing. Did you hope for top
ten before the season? Alex Harvey: I think it is really good. I mean that having different people winning
is great. Also the Tour formats are really good for fans. They can follow day by
Alex Harvey: I’m surprised because this year I was not racing for the overall day how the race is evolving. Bonuses and intermediate sprints in races are
World Cup. I wanted to do well in the Tour de Ski and really well in the World good as well and make competitions attractive. In general I think our sport is
Championships so I achieved the two most important goals for me. Top 10 in evolving well and in the right direction.
the overall World Cup standing is a bonus in my best year
GLOSSARY
Q: What’s the key for your best season ever?
U23 World Champion Чемпион мира среди юниоров до 23 лет
Alex Harvey: I think it’s training in the summer. I’m still young and every year I
can train more and recover better too. I didn’t change much in my training just
FIS (Fédération Международная федерация лыжного спорта (FIS)
was able to train a little bit more and recover well.
Internationale de Ski)
Q: How will you continue after this successful season?
Classical team sprint Командная спринтерская гонка классическим стилем
Alex Harvey: Well, I start 1st May to train hard and I’ll be thinking about the
best guys in the world such as Cologna, Hellner, Northug. I will be thinking about Overall World Cup Место в общем зачете Кубка Мира
them when training, when I am going hard and it’s painful. I will be thinking standing
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

52 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Cross-country skiing 53

Tour de Ski (TdS) Тур де ски/многодневная лыжная гонка под эгидой FIS ARTICLE
Recover Зд.: восстановить силы после тренировок/соревнований

Relay team Команда эстафеты


RUSSIA’S ZARIPOV WINS 10-KM SITTING EVENT
FOR HIS FOURTH GOLD OF GAMES

Word combinations and phrases Tokedal Trygve Larsen of Norway competes in the men’s 15-kilometer sitting
cross-country event yesterday. The Norwegian placed fourth, while Irek Zaripov
Shooting star Meteor of Russia claimed gold.

Major events Important sport competitions, such as Olympic WHISTLER — Russia’s Irek Zaripov has notched a fourth gold in the Paralym-
Games or World Championships pics, this time in the men’s 10-km sitting event.

Zaripov, who finished at 27:12.1, handily beat Enzo Masiello (28:21.1), of Italy,
Big goal for me’s gonna be Sochi My most ambitious aim is a prize-winning place
who got silver and Dzmitry Loban, of Belarus, who took bronze with a time of
at the Olympic Winter Games of 2014 in the
28:25.1. Langley’s Lou Gibson placed 29th and Sebastien Fortier 33rd. Gibson
City of Sochi
said it was a hard race today as the sun has warmed up sections of the course.
“I must be getting tired”, he said.
Have a chance for a podium Have an opportunity to win a medal
Gibson, who missed the track and crashed, said “the wind nearly got taken out
Sport is evolving well Sport is developing rapidly and smoothly of me”. “I was a little bit too aggressive with too much speed”, he added.

QUESTIONS ***
Paralympic cross-country skiing was included as an event at the first Paralympic
• What made Alex Harvey famous? Winter Games in 1976, at Örnsköldsvik, with classical technique events only.
Free technique was introduced in 1992 at Albertville.
• Which of his qualities gives Alex Harvey his biggest strength?
In both biathlon and cross-country skiing, athletes are categorized as standing,
• What are the two most important goals he achieved during the season? sitting or visually impaired and compete against athletes with similar disabili-
ties. Visually impaired skiers use the same equipment as able-bodied skiers but
• What are his plans for the future? ski with a guide. Standing skiers are skiers with a locomotive disability and who
are able to use the same equipment as able-bodied skiers. Sit-skiers usually
• Why does he think a Canadian relay team has a chance for the podium? have no use of their legs (paraplegic) and use a special made sit-ski (a specially
built chair, called a sledge, attached to a pair of skis).
• What is his opinion about the overall development of cross-country skiing?
Paralympic cross-country skiers compete in men’s and women’s individual events
over short, middle and long distances ranging from 2.5 kilometers to 20 kilom-
eters. Each race has an interval start with skiers starting every 30 seconds.

In the relay event, each team member skis one leg. Teams are made up of ski-
ers from different categories but with the total percentage for each team being
equal. This means that no time calculation is required and the first team across
the finish line wins.
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

54 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Cross-country skiing 55

GLOSSARY QUESTIONS
Sitting cross-country Гонки на сидячих лыжах • In what event did Irek Zaripov claim his fourth Paralympic gold?
event
• How did Lou Gibson characterize the race and the course?
Section of the course Участок трассы
• When and where was cross-country skiing included in the Paralympic program?
Classical technique Классический стиль
• How are Paralympic athletes categorized in biathlon and cross-country skiing?
Free technique Свободный/коньковый стиль
• What are the distances in men’s and women’s individual events of Paralympic cross-country skiing?
Standing athlete Спортсмен, соревнующийся стоя
• What are the specific features of the Paralympic relay event?
Sitting athlete Спортсмен, соревнующийся сидя

Visually impaired athlete Спортсмен с нарушениями зрения

Able-bodied skier Лыжник без инвалидности

Guide Зд.: зрячий «гид»

Sit-ski Сидячие лыжи/сит-ски

Paraplegic Страдающий параличом нижних конечностей

Race with interval start Гонка с раздельным стартом

Relay event Эстафета

Word combinations and phrases


Claim gold Become a gold medallist

Notched a fourth gold Won a fourth gold medal

Handily beat Surpass in a very agile way

Wind nearly got taken out of me Wind nearly exhausted me

Each team member skis one leg Each participant covers one section of the
course in the relay event
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

56 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Paralympic Cross-Country Skiing 57

ARTICLE

PARALYMPIC CROSS-COUNTRY SKIING.


AMAZING ATHLETES DO IT ALL
“Many of life’s failures are men who did not realize The skier uses a skating motion, pushing off with the edge of the skis. This method
how close they were to success when they gave up” allows the skier to make good time on the course and is generally about 8% faster
Thomas Edison over a distance than the classic method. The skis used are shorter than classical.
Paralympic Cross-country Skiing will be taking place at the Whistler Olympic Classical technique skiing is done from the sitting position on the sit-ski These
Park located just south of Whistler in the spectacular Callaghan Valley. Individu- skiers are unable to move out of the parallel tracks and the skier propels the
als and teams are beginning to visit the park to become familiar with the facili- sit-ski along with the specially adapted poles.
ties and get the layout of the land.
In Sun Valley Idaho the Sun Valley Adaptive Sports hold a recruitment camp each
For instance, the 2007 Paralympic cross-country skiers USA long distance year for athletes who excel in other sports. Here they are taught how to cross
champion Monica Bascio and silver medallist Bob Balk and Greg Mallory, all sit- country ski on a sit ski sledge. One of the coaches is Paralympic Silver Medallist
ski athletes recently (Aug. 2008) paid a visit. Bob Balk who also claims the title to the National Champion Nordic Sit-skier.
“I absolutely love it up here. I am so thankful that I am able to see the trails Staff Sgt. Erik Avla was the first serviceman to be wounded in the Iraq invasion
two years before the competition”, said Bascio and he has found new hope at the Sun Valley facility. The director of Sun Valley
The skiers stated the course offers excellent terrain for sit-ski competition. It Adaptive Sports Marc Mast met Erik and he soon had Erik up on the slopes with
will be very fast. outrigger skis and gave him a few days of instruction.

Kreamelmeyer said after checking the course that the terrain was very good Erik stated “You balance soon begins to come back to you, the more you ski, the
and deceivingly difficult. quicker it comes back. I couldn’t believe that only nine months after my injury I
was skiing again”.
As with all of the paralympic winter sports, athletes compete against athletes
with similar disabilities and are placed in different categories. Wheels can be attached to the sit-ski so that dry land and gymnasium training
can be carried out. Paralympics cross-country skiing is a sport where upper body
Those with visual impairment ski with a guide who will direct with the voice. training is a must. A rigorous training program is required because all of the
Standing skiers will use the same type of ski equipment as skiers without dis- propulsion is done only with the shoulder and arm muscles.
abilities. Those who have no use of their legs will compete using the sit-ski
sledge. These sledges have skis attached to the bottom as runners. The competitions are held over short, middle and long distances. From 2.5 to
20 kilometers. The racers start 30 seconds apart. The International Paralympic
Two techniques Committee makes use of the Nordic Percentage System which is a handicap-
ping system for each category. That handicap time is added to the skiers time.
There are two techniques used in Paralympic Cross-country Skiing — Free style The winner is the one with the lowest calculated time.
and Classic.
In the relay races, each team skier skies one leg of the circuit. The teams are
Free style skiing is done on the section of track without groomed tracks in made up from different categories that are balanced out so that each team is
the snow even starting out. This eliminates time calculations. The first team across the
finish line is the winner.
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

58 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Paralympic Cross-Country Skiing 59

GLOSSARY QUESTIONS
Trail Лыжня • What was Monica Bascio’s opinion of Callaghan Valley south of Whistler?

Course/track Трасса • How did different skiers characterize the course?

Sit-ski sledge Салазки для сидячих лыж • What are the categories in Paralympic cross-country skiing?

Sit-ski competition Лыжные гонки на сидячих лыжах • How many techniques are used therein? Describe each of them.

Free style/technique Свободный/коньковый стиль • Which training program is required in Paralympic Cross-country Skiing?

Classic style/technique Классический стиль • What distances do Paralympic Nordic skiers compete in?

• What are the features of relay races?


Word combinations and phrases
Guide who will direct with the voice visually impaired skier’s assistant giving oral
instructions on track

Make good time on the course show good speed results in cross-country skiing

Propel the sit-ski along push the sit-ski forward on track

Nordic sit-skier cross-country competitor on sit-ski

Outrigger skis skis and poles specially equipped


to maintain balance
Curling
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

62 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Curling 63

ARTICLE

A TASTE OF THE OLYMPICS,


EASY AS PICKING UP A BROOM

WAYLAND, Mass., Feb. 25  — for the last two weeks, Matt Durso’s life has “People get hooked when they watch”, said Bev Schrader, a spokeswoman for
revolved around curling, an Olympic sport that he had never played and, to be the United States Curling Association. “I think they’re realizing the challenge,
honest, did not fully understand. the finesse, and a lot of people are intrigued by the strategy”.

Curlers aimed for the bull’s eye in a tournament last week at the Broomstones The sport originated in Scotland and is extremely popular in Scandinavia, where
club in Wayland, Mass. the Swedish women’s team was in a rock video, and in Canada, where “curling
clubs are like bowling alleys”, said Chuck Sharkas, a member of the board of
To better grasp the game, Mr. Durso, 22, a student at Lyndon State College directors of the Kettle Moraine Curling Club in Hartland, Wisc.
in Lyndonville, Vt., and two friends woke up early Saturday morning and drove
three and a half hours to Broomstones, a curling club in this town 18 miles The aim of the game is to slide a 42-pound piece of granite, known as a stone or a
west of Boston, to attend a learn-to-curl open house. “I’ve been watching every rock, closest to the center of a bull’s eye. The strategy comes in landing the stone
match every day”, Mr. Durso said. “I’ve been obsessed”. nearest the center or in a position where it can block the stone of an opponent.

And so, it seems, have millions of other people around the country who are A player twists the handle of the stone to aim it. After the stone is cast on the
becoming entranced by a sport many liken to shuffleboard on ice. ice, which is textured, two players precede it and sweep the ice in front of it to
control the angle at which its path bends, or curls, hence the name.
The United States Curling Association’s Web site crashed on Feb. 16, when
it received 12.5 million hits. The association said dozens of clubs around the “It’s kind of like chess, but with exercise”, said Stephen Szczesniak, 30, a systems
country held open houses this month, capitalizing on the Olympic coverage, and analyst from Marlborough, Mass., who attended the Broomstones open house.
many drew record turnouts.
Casting a stone is not easy, nor is running on ice while squatting and sweeping.
Pete McCuen, the president of the Ardsley Curling Club in Ardsley-on-Hudson, But the sport can be played by people of all ages who dream about a shot at
N.Y., said traffic on the club’s Web site had tripled in recent weeks and the club Olympic glory.
was busy booking corporate events and parties. In Los Angeles, more than 120
people have signed up in the past week to an Internet mailing list about start- “I think at its core the reason why I really, really enjoy watching curling is I think
ing a curling club. it’s the only chance I have at ever winning an Olympic medal in my life”, said
Ethan A. Brosowsky, an actor and producer who is part of the Los Angeles
Here at Broomstones, more than 1,000 aspiring curlers showed up for the group. “You look at downhill skiing or bobsledding and say, ‘I can never do that,
five-hour open house, some waiting outside upwards of an hour in snow and not in a million years.’ But with curling it’s different”.
temperatures in the 20’s. “There’s a lot of buzz out there”, said Dan Williams,
the club’s president. Mr. Brosowsky, 24, watched the sport during the 2002 Olympics but really got
into it this year, recording every match and staying up until 2 a.m. watching
Much of that stems from increased broadcast time thanks to the sport’s popu- them. He and others worry that the cost of starting a curling club would be pro-
larity in the 2002 Salt Lake City games. This year, NBC broadcast 26 Olympic hibitive. The clubs are like country clubs, with members paying several hundred
curling matches. Through Thursday, 37 million viewers had watched curling, the dollars to join for the season, which runs from about October to March. A set
network said. That number does not include the men’s gold-medal match or the of stones can start at $8,000.
bronze-medal match, which the United States team won.
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

64 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Curling 65

But none of that appears to deter the fanatics. “I’m broke and I would abso- Word combinations and phrases
lutely do it”, Mr. Brosowsky said. “I would spend my last dollar”.
Shuffleboard Game in which disks are pushed with a cue
Avid curlers said one of the biggest draws of the sport was its social aspect.
toward numbered squares
Tradition says that the winning team buys the losing team a round of drinks,
and everyone sits around the bar and rehashes the match.
Drew record turnouts Gathered a lot of people

“There’s a lot of civility in the game”, said Dan Johnson, communications officer
of the Dallas-Fort Worth curling club. “There’s handshaking before and after. You Open house — Informal reception at one’s home

call your own fouls. There’s no referee. You’re expected to abide by the tradi- — Time when an institution is open to visitors

tions of the game”.


Capitalizing on the Olympic coverage Using information based on the Olympic Games
“It just kind of hooks you”, he said.
Temperatures in the 20’s 20 degrees Fahrenheit (a scale of tempera-
The folks at Broomstones, at the open house, were trying to reel people in. ture where water freezes at 32 degrees and
Aspiring curlers were taken onto the ice in large groups every 15 minutes, and boils at 212 degrees under standard condi-
each person got a chance to throw a stone. Mr. Durso volunteered to go first. tions) ≈ —7 degrees Celsius
He put his foot in a starting block, raised his hips and let the stone go, then
turned around, raised his hands in the air and stepped off the ice. Buzz Be filled with noisy activity or talk

“This is so cool”, said Mr. Durso, who signed up for a learn-to-curl session next Get hooked Get obsessed with or addicted to smth
month. “Plus it’s a very obscure thing to say you do”.
One of the biggest draws One of the biggest attractions

GLOSSARY Rehash the match Discuss the sport event

Bull’s eye Центр мишени/«яблочко»


You call your own fouls You announce your mistakes yourself

Aspiring curler Начинающий кёрлингист/кёрлер


Reel people in Involve/attract people

Textured Ребристый, рубчатый

Squatting Движение вприсядку

Sweeping Свипинг — натирание или протирание поверхности льда щет-


ками перед движущимся камнем

Prohibitive cost Непомерная цена

Starting block Стартовый квадрат


Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

66 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Curling 67

QUESTIONS ARTICLE
• Why did Mr. Durso and two of his friends drive to Boomstones?

• What do millions of other people around the country liken curling to?
STONE OF THE WEEK
• What did Pete McCuen say about the traffic on the club’s website?
Forget Goal of the Week, BBC Sport Online has chosen our “Stone of the Week”,
• What was the weather like when more than 1,000 aspiring curlers showed up? in honour of Britain’s victorious women curlers in Salt Lake City.

• How has the sport’s popularity increased after the Olympic Winter Games of 2002 in Salt Lake City? It was the sort of stone Rhona Martin had played hundreds of times at Greena-
cres Ice Rink in Glasgow without a care in the world.
• Where did curling originate?
But this was the final of the Winter Olympics and at stake for her all-Scottish
team was Britain’s first gold medal for 18 years.
• What is the aim of the game?
With the scores tied at 3-3 in the final end, and with 15 of the 16 stones already
• What is the origin of the word ‘curling’? played, the tense competition had come down to the very last stone — known
in the trade as the hammer.
• Why is it so difficult to cast a stone on ice?
Either Martin played an inch-perfect stone to steal the end from her Swiss ri-
• What does Ethan A. Brosowsky say about watching a curling game? vals, or she and her teammates would have to settle for silver.

• How do folks at Broomstones reel people in to take up curling? With Switzerland’s red stone lying tantalisingly close to the button — the inner
circle — and a red guard blocking her path to glory, the British skip had only one
choice.

She would have to draw the stone round from her left, missing the Swiss guard
and placing the yellow stone right in the centre of the house.

After a lengthy consultation with her teammates, she took up her final position
with a smile on her face and prepared to send the stone on its way down the
Ogden Ice Sheet.

Martin slid forward, took aim and released.

As the stone moved slowly down the ice, its handle rotating in a clockwise di-
rection to achieve the required curl, the nation waited with bated breath. There
was the usual shouting of instructions, but the lack of panic in the voices of the
British team indicated things were looking good.

The stone continued on its way, bending gently in towards the centre of the
house without the need for any frantic sweeping.

But would it be enough?


Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

68 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Curling 69

Contact on the wrong side of the Swiss stone would have risked knocking it Sweeper Свипер — игрок, натирающий или протирающий поверхность
straight on to the British stone behind it and leaving it in a winning position. льда щеткой перед движущимся камнем

But Martin’s calculations had been perfect. Sweep Свиповать — натирать или протирать поверхность льда щет-
кой перед движущимся камнем
The yellow stone connected just right of centre and, as its enemy went slightly
left, it glided perfectly into place in the button.

Cue huge celebrations from Martin and her teammates Debbie Knox, Janice Word combinations and phrases
Rankin, Fiona MacDonald and Margaret Morton — and tears all round from the
Without a care on the world Without anyone in the world caring
disconsolate Swiss.

“I was just panicking on the last stone”, Martin admitted. At stake At risk

“I knew it would come off the inside but it also had to be dead roll weight and Trade Occupation, especially skilled one
I hadn’t played one like that for a wee while. It was just a case of having faith
that I could do it. I couldn’t see it because of the sweepers’ legs, but I knew it Inch-perfect stone Stone thrown with maximum precision
was good when they jumped in the air”.
Steal the end Score in an end without the last stone advantage
GLOSSARY
Settle for silver Content oneself with silver medals
Play a stone Разыграть камень
With bated breath Holding one’s breath in expectation
Scores tied at 3 — 3 in Счет был ничейный 3:3 в последнем энде
the final end Connected just right of centre Located slightly to the right of the centre

Hammer Хаммер; молоток — последний камень энда Enemy stone Stone of the rival team

Button Центр круга

QUESTIONS
Skip Скип — капитан команды, главный стратег

• What was at stake for Rhona Martin at Salt Lake City Winter Olympics?
Draw a stone round Бросить камень так, чтобы он в процессе движения обогнул
другой камень
• What is known as a ‘hammer’ in curling?

Guard Гард — камень, расположенный таким образом, что он может


• Where was a Swiss red stone lying?
защитить другой камень

• What is the meaning of the curling term ‘house’?


House Дом — зона внутри концентрических окружностей на каждом
конце площадки для кёрлинга
• How did Rhona Martin send the final stone?

Curl Свал — траектория движения камня


• What were the GB team’s emotions?

Sweeping Свипинг — натирание, протирание поверхности льда перед


• How did Rhona describe the victory of her team?
движущимся камнем
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

70 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Curling 71

ARTICLE In the bronze medal game, Germany’s Jens Jaeger, the round robin leader, re-
covered from two earlier playoff losses to beat Augusto Perez of the United
States by a 6-4 count.

In the eighth end, Jaeger appeared to miss his final runback attempt but his
CANADA WINS FIRST-EVER WORLD stone took an alternative angle and careened off the U.S. counter, leaving Ger-
WHEELCHAIR CURLING CHAMPIONSHIP TITLE many with a score of two and the win.
VANCOUVER  — Canada’s Jim Armstrong, just two years into his revitalized Jaeger celebrated long and hard before collapsing in tears in the arms of his
curling career and commanding the national wheelchair curling team for the first teammates. It was Germany’s first-ever podium finish, following a 13th-place
time, won his country’s first World Wheelchair Curling Championship title with a finish at the 2005 worlds.
9-2 win over Swedish veteran Jalle Jungnell.
Team USA, which finished fourth, won bronze at the 2008 Worlds in Sursee,
Canada’s debut gold in the fast-growing Paralympic discipline comes after dual Switzerland, marking the first time that country made a podium appearance.
fourth-place finishes in 2008 and 2007, and a sixth-place finish in 2005.
The World Wheelchair Championship was the first curling competition hosted
In 2006, Canada, led by skip Chris Daw, surprised Great Britain to win Paralym- at the new Vancouver Olympic Centre, which will play host to the 2010 Ol-
pic gold at Pinerolo, Italy. “It feels fantastic”, said Armstrong. “It’s been a big ympic Winter Games curling competition and the 2010 Paralympic Wheelchair
learning curve, and this is my first big event of consequence”. “We struggled Curling competition.
early, and as the week went on and on we got stronger and stronger. The team
played great”.

Armstrong, a dentist from nearby Richmond, took advantage of shaky opening


GLOSSARY
stones from Sweden to post a 3-0 lead after three ends. Revitalized curling Возвращение в кёрлинг
career
In the fourth end, Canada built a solid end and counted two with Armstrong’s
final throw still to come. After debating a double-takeout for five — as opposed
Wheelchair curling Кёрлинг на колясках
to a draw for three  — the six-time Brier competitor tried a tap for four, but
missed.
Skip Скип (капитан, который руководит игрой команды)

But it was all Canada the rest of the way, with Sweden repeatedly scrambling
to stay alive. In the sixth end, Jungnell made a nervy come-around tap for one Scramble Зд.: с трудом удерживаться
against five Canadian counters. “We have not yet hit our stride”, said Armstrong.
Round robin Круговая система
Jungnell, the 2006 Paralympic bronze medallist, played the entire event with
just a four-person team. Second Bernt Sjoberg developed kidney problems Playoff Плей-офф (финальная серия игр, в которой проигравшие вы-
in Sweden and couldn’t make the trip. Alternate Patrik Burman was pressed бывают из соревнований)
into full-time action, and the team came together quickly. “Obviously it is very
great for us to go this far”, said Jungnell. “One difference (today) is that Canada Qualifying competition Квалификационные соревнования
played really, really well”.

The silver marked Jungnell’s highest-ever finish in six major competitions.

“Bronze, silver... what’s next?” Jungnell grinned.


Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

72 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Curling 73

Word combinations and phrases ARTICLE


Dual fourth-place finishes Twice taking the 4th place in the finials

Learning curve Line having no straight sections, where you can


learn playing curling IT’S A SIMPLE GAME

Took advantage of shaky opening Used for his benefit the stones to lead in the Wheelchair curling is a simple game. You slide granite donuts down a sheet of
stones… to post a 3–0 lead after game with a score 3–0 after three portions of a ice towards a circular target, and hope they end up closer to the centre than
three ends curling game those thrown by your opponent.

Built a solid end Had a stable position Mind you, these donuts weigh over 40 pounds and the target is 40 yards away,
but hey, the target is 12 feet wide. That looks a pretty big area when you’re
Counted two Scored two points sitting in it; when you’re down the other end about to throw, well, maybe not
so much.
Nervy come-around tap Bold shot that curls behind another stone
Wheelchair curlers play with the same rocks and on the same ice as regular
curlers, though the rocks are thrown from a stationary wheelchair, and there is
Runback (run back) Shot when the delivered stone hits a station-
no sweeping.
ary stone, which then starts to move and hits
another stone out of play The great thing about wheelchair curling is that just about anyone with access
to a wheelchair can play. I’ve shared the ice with paras, quads, amputees, post-
Careened of the U.S. counter Overthrew a stone which was a potential polios, people with MS, spina bifida, guys recovering from strokes and a couple
score point with conditions with names so long and convoluted they defy description.

Make a podium appearance Become one of three medallists Age is no barrier either, and teams at national and international events played
under World Curling Federation rules, are mixed gender.
Play host to the 2010 Olympic Organize and stage
Winter Games the Olympic Winter Games of 2010 There’s very little if any equipment to buy, which will be a relief to those brought
up on hockey. If you can get into your local club, and onto the ice, this is the
sport for you. The ice at most clubs can be made accessible with the addition of
QUESTIONS a small ramp. Ice makers will often already have one for their own equipment.

All you need to bring to the game is the co-ordination to exert a measured
• Who led the Canadian Team when it won the Paralympic gold in Pinerolo, Italy, in 2006?
pushing force, and a tolerance for cold. If you live in New Zealand you probably
still curl on a frozen lake, but in Canada we play indoors. It is cold out on the
• Why did Armstrong call the game ‘a big learning curve’?
ice though, and with no sweeping, wheelchair curling is not an aerobic activity.
• How did Jungnell play the entire event?

• Describe the game for the bronze medal between Germany and the USA.

• Why will Canadian Wheelchair Curling Team get an automatic entry at the Paralympic Winter Games?
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

74 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Curling 75

GLOSSARY QUESTIONS
Para Зд.: инвалид с параличом нижних конечностей • Why do they say that wheelchair curling is a simple game?

Quad Инвалид с параличом четырех конечностей • How much do granite donuts weigh?

Amputee Человек с ампутацией • What is the distance from a curler to the target, and how wide is the lane?

Post-polio Человек, перенесший полиомиелит • Is there any sweeping in wheelchair curling?

MS (multiple sclerosis) Рассеянный склероз • Who did the author share the ice with while curling?

Spina bifida Расщелина позвоночника • Are there any age limitations in curling?

Stroke Зд.: инсульт • Can men and women play curling on one team?

Convoluted Сложный, заковыристый • What equipment do people with disabilities need to play the game?

World Curling Всемирная федерация кёрлинга


Federation

Sweeping Свипинг — натирание или протирание поверхности льда щет-


ками перед движущимся камнем

Ramp Пандус

Word combinations and phrases


You slide granite donuts You push granite stones across the ice field

Target Any object or space that is aimed or shot at

Stationary wheelchair Not moving or movable; fixed

40 pounds 18.14 kilos

40 yards 36.58 meters

12 feet 3.66 meters

Mixed gender With men’s and women’s participation


Figure skating
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

78 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Figure skating 79

ARTICLE

DEFENDING CHAMPION JOUBERT


SITS SECOND

Evgeni Plushenko landed an impressive quad toe-triple toe combination at Switzerland’s Stéphane Lambiel, the 2006 Olympic silver medallist, had a total
Europeans. of 77.75 points, well below his personal best, to place fifth. He completed a
double Axel and triple flip, but stepped out of the landing of his quad toe loop
The top four men all scored personal bests in the short program at the European and failed to complete the second jump in the combination.
Figure Skating Championships with Russia’s Evgeni Plushenko coming out on top.
Lambiel, who won the European silver medal in 2006 and 2008, skated to “Wil-
Plushenko, the 2006 Olympic champion who has won five European golds, liam Tell” by Gioacchino Rossini.
scored 91.30 points while skating to “Concierto de Aranjuez” by Joaquin Rod-
rigo. He landed a quadruple toe loop-triple toe loop combination, followed by a “It was not a good performance for me”, Lambiel said. “I made a big mistake on
triple Axel and triple Lutz. my combination jump, but I am very happy to compete here”. Alban Préaubert,
who was fifth last year, earned a personal best 76.37 points skating to “Orange
“Everything went well except for a little wobble on the combination spin that was Mecanique” by Maxime Rodriguez. Preaubert is in sixth place after the short.
kind of unexpected”, Plushenko said. “I did the quad-triple and that was really im-
portant. The jumps are, after all, the most important thing in men’s figure skating”. The Frenchman landed a triple flip-triple toe combination, triple Axel and triple
loop. “I am satisfied with my performance”, Preaubert said. “I would prefer to
The 2009 European men’s champion, France’s Brian Joubert, stood in second have done better”.
place with 88.55 points for his program to “Rise” by Safri Duo. Joubert, who
is hoping to add to his total of three gold medals at Europeans, landed a quad Italian Samuel Contesti, who placed second at the 2009 European Champion-
toe-double toe combination, triple Axel and triple Lutz. ships, was in seventh place with 75.90 points, a season best. Contesti skated
to “Wish Me Well” by Willi Dixon and Memphis Slim and “Whammer Jammer” by
“It wasn’t easy for me to skate last, especially after the kind of performance the J. Geils Band. Contesti completed a triple Lutz-triple toe combination, triple
that Evgeny Plushenko had”, Joubert said. “I’m a little disappointed because I Axel and triple flip.
did a quad-double combination instead of a quad-triple”.
The Czech Republic’s Tomas Verner, who won Europeans in 2008, was in eighth
France’s Yannick Ponsero, the fourth-place finisher at last year’s European place after the short with 72.75 points, almost ten points below his best score.
Championships, was third after the short program with 82.40 points.
Verner, skating to music from the motion picture soundtrack Zorba the Greek,
Ponsero, skating to “La Corrida” and “Diem”, completed a quad toe-double toe com- landed a triple Axel but stepped out of an under-rotated quad toe loop in his
bination, triple Axel and triple Salchow. “I am very satisfied about my performance, opening quad toe-triple toe combination and had to add a double toe loop to a
that’s for sure”, Ponsero said. “Even more that it’s my season’s best performance”. triple Lutz later in the program to complete a combination.
Czech skater Michal Brezina, skating to Irving Berlin’s “Puttin’ On the Ritz”, Germany’s Stefan Lindemann finished ninth with a personal best 70.19 points
scored 79.60 points to place fourth. He landed a triple Axel, triple Lutz, and after starting in the early group.
triple flip-triple toe combination.
“It was a fantastic feeling to be here again”, Lindemann said. “It has been three
“The performance went really well”, Brezina said. “Only one small mistake on years since I competed at Europeans”.
the triple Axel. I did not land in the center, but it did work out well”.
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

80 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Figure skating 81

GLOSSARY Word combinations and phrases


Short program Короткая программа — первая из двух программ в оди- At Europeans At the European Championships
ночном и парном фигурном катании, включающая в себя 7
обязательных элементов Sit second Content oneself with the second place

Defending champion Чемпион, отстаивающий свой титул Personal bests Best personal results

Scored 91.30 points Набрал 91,30 балла Wobble Shaking, unsteady movement

Double/triple/quadruple
toe loop
Двойной/тройной/четверной тулуп — прыжок в фигурном
катании, исполняемый с зубца толчковой ноги с вращением
QUESTIONS
в два/три/четыре оборота
• How did Evgeni Plushenko perform at the European Figure Skating Championships of 2010?

Combination Комбинация — два или более последовательно выполненных


• Why did Brian Joubert think it so difficult to skate last?
элемента — прыжки, вращения — в фигурном катании

• How did Jannick Ponsero and Michal Brezina comment on their performances?
Triple axel Тройной аксель — прыжок, названный в честь норвежского
фигуриста Акселя Паульсена, самый сложный из прыжков
• Why was Stéphane Lambiel’s performance below his best?
в фигурном катании. Вращение в нем совершается на пол-
оборота больше. Тройной аксель исполняется с вращением
• Who took the seventh place at Europeans?
в три с половиной оборота

• What were Stefan Lindemann’s feelings about the competition?


Triple lutz Тройной лутц — прыжок с вращением в три оборота, назван-
ный в честь австрийского фигуриста Алоиза Лутца

Spin Вращение

Quad-triple Комбинация четверного и тройного прыжка

Quad toe — double toe Комбинация четверного тулупа и двойного тулупа


combination

Triple salchow Тройной сальхов — прыжок с вращением в три оборота, на-


званный в честь шведского фигуриста Ульриха Сальхова

Triple flip — triple toe Комбинация тройного флипа и тройного тулупа


combination

Under-rotated Недокрученный четверной тулуп


quad toe loop

Triple flip Зубцовый прыжок с вращением в три оборота


Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

82 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Figure skating 83

ARTICLE

DEFENDING CHAMPION JOUBERT


SITS SECOND

Yuko Kavaguti and Alexander Smirnov used a monster free skate score to pro- Skating to music from the motion picture soundtrack of Love Story by Francis
pel them to gold. Lai, the couple had a negative GOE on only one element when Mukhortova put
both hands down on the landing of the throw triple loop.
Russians Yuko Kavaguti and Alexander Smirnov scored 139.23 points in the
free skate to win the free program and the gold medal in pairs at the 2010 Ukraine’s Tatiana Volosozhar and Stanislav Morozov placed fourth in the free
European Figure Skating Championships in Tallinn, Estonia. skate with 120.23 points, a personal best, even though Morozov had problems
on the landings of all of his jumps. High scores on their lifts and throws kept
“This is great for us”, Kavaguti said. “We didn’t expect it. The audience helped us them well ahead of the following teams. Their total of 187.83 points left them
through. They gave us energy”. in the fourth position overall for the third straight year.
The couple, who trailed three-time defending champions Aliona Savchenko and “We did quite well”, Volosozhar said. “Stanislav went for each jump, which he
Robin Szolkowy of Germany by only .20 after the short program, had a total doesn’t always do. Yesterday I felt we were a little under-marked. The difference
score of 213.15 points, a winning margin of 1.43. This was the first time that in points to the top three shouldn’t have been so big”.
they had beaten the German couple.
The couple skated to selections from the motion picture soundtrack of Pearl
Kavaguti and Smirnov skated to “Valse Sentimentale” by Tchaikovsky and “An Harbor by Hans Zimmer.
der schönen blauen Donau” by Johann Strauss. They had positive Grades of
Execution (GOEs) on all of the elements except for a bad landing on the side- Russia’s Vera Bazarova and Yuri Larionov, the 2006 — 2007 world junior pairs
by-side triple toe loops. silver medallists, placed fifth overall with 159.84 points after scoring a per-
sonal-best 104.00 in the free skate, where they placed sixth, even though Ba-
Savchenko and Szolkowy scored 137.60 points in the free skate, a personal zarova fell on a side-by-side double Axel.
best, but still placed second in the free skate. With 211.72 total points, they
won the silver medal. “For a debut, it wasn’t too bad”, Bazarova said. “I missed a jump (the double
Axel) that I usually never miss”.
“We are a little bit disappointed as we came here to win”, Savchenko said, “but the
next competition (the Olympic Games) is the biggest and most important one”. The couple skated to music from the motion picture soundtracks of Seven Years
in Tibet and Tale of Wandering, perhaps symbolizing the couple’s two-year ban-
Skating to music from the motion picture soundtrack of Out of Africa by John Barry, ishment from ISU competitions after Larionov failed a drug test.
the German couple had positive GOEs on all but two elements. Savchenko two-foot-
ed the landing of the throw triple flip and doubled her side-by-side triple Salchow. Italy’s Nicole Della Monica and Yannick Kocon placed fifth in the free skate with
a personal best score of 104.16 and finished sixth overall with 156.80 points.
Russia’s Maria Mukhortova and Maxim Trankov, who were third after the short They skated to music from the motion picture soundtrack of The Mission by
program, maintained that position in the free skate with 128.49 points, just short Ennio Morricone.
of their personal best. Their total of 202.03 earned them the bronze medal.

“We didn’t skate clean, so we didn’t get high marks”, Trankov said. “But we
didn’t think about scores during the program. We just wanted to give our best”.
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

84 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Figure skating 85

GLOSSARY Word combinations and phrases


Free skate/free program Произвольная программа First European pairs title First place at pair skating European
Championships
Short program Короткая программа
Settle for silver Content oneself with the second place
Bad landing Неудачное приземление
Used a monstrous free skate score Earned extremely high points in free skate pro-
Side-by-side Тройной тулуп, исполняемый синхронно to propel them to gold gram which brought them gold medals
triple toe loops
Trailed three-time defending Used to follow three-time champions who tried
Two-foot the landing Приземлиться на обе ноги champions to defend their title at the competition

Throw triple flip Выброс тройной флип Doubled her side-by-side triple Performed two spins instead of three in a syn-
salchow chronous triple salchow
Side-by-side triple Тройной сальхов, исполняемый синхронно
salchows Just short of their personal best A little under their best result

Grade of Execution Уровень/качество исполнения элемента — часть новой We didn’t skate clean We made some mistakes while skating
(GOE) судейской системы ISU в фигурном катании. На соревнова-
ниях каждый судья в бригаде присуждает каждому элементу Put both hands down on the landing Touched the ice with both hands while landing
программы один из семи уровней качества (GOE). Каждый
уровень имеет свое положительное (+) или отрицательное (–)
численное значение QUESTIONS
Under-mark Занизить оценки • What enabled Juko Kawaguti and Alexander Smirnov to defeat their German rivals for the first time?

Junior pairs silver Серебряные призеры в парном катании среди юниоров • Why were Aliona Savchenko and Robin Szolkowy disappointed with their performance?
medallists
• Why didn’t Maria Mukhortova and Maxim Trankov get high marks?
ISU (International Международный союз конькобежцев
Skating Union) • How did Ukraine’s Tatiana Volosozhar comment on the difference in points to the top three pairs?

Fail a drug test Не пройти допинг-тест • Describe the debut of Russia’s Vera Bazarova and Yuri Larionov, the 2006 — 2007 world junior
pairs silver medallists.
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

86 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Figure skating 87

ARTICLE

FAIELLA, SCALI WIN FREE DANCE

Oksana Domnina and Maxim Shabalin snagged ice dancing gold at the 2010 “It was a successful premiere of our dance”, Khokhlova said. “We did everything
European Figure Skating Championships. we can do at this point”.

Italy’s national champions, Federica Faiella and Massimo Scali, won the free “Obviously compared to last year when we won the title, today wasn’t as suc-
dance at the European Championships with a season-best 96.71 points skating cessful”, Novitski said. “But we had a new free dance and a break in training
to “Gli Emigranti” by Nino Rota. Even though they won both the original and (due to her illness and his knee injury), so it was good to come back to the po-
the free dance, the couple finished with the silver medal for the second year in dium before the Olympics”.
a row with a total of 195.86 points.
Nathalie Pechalat and Fabian Bourzat earned 92.07 points and took fourth
“Today was really, really hard to skate”, Scali said. “We knew that it was about a place in the free dance using “Kika” by Ezekiel and music from the motion pic-
medal. Today we were first in the free dance, so it couldn’t be better”. ture soundtrack Requiem for a Dream by Clint Mansell. The French couple, who
were in fourth place after the original dance, finished fourth overall, the same
Russia’s Oksana Domnina and Maxim Shabalin, the 2009 world ice dance silver as last year, with 188.51 points.
medallists, won the gold medal with a score of 199.25 points on the strength
of a 5.31-point margin over the Italians in the compulsory dance. “I’m not so upset about not medaling anymore”, Pechalat said. “There are some
things we cannot control”.
The Russian dancers, who won the European Championships two years ago
but pulled out last season due to injury, placed second in the free dance with Siblings Sinead Kerr and John Kerr of Great Britain, last year’s bronze medal-
94.98 points. lists, placed fifth in the free dance with a season best 90.24 points skating to
“Krwlng” by Linkin Park. They placed fifth overall with a 184.05 total.
“We had some big problems with the elements”, Domnina said. “We got some
low levels and we need to look at them. But we have only ourselves to blame”. “It’s pretty disappointing after all these years starting in the last group to skate
in the second to last group here”, Sinead Kerr said. “You have to be in the top
The dancers were one of three top couples using music from the motion picture four after the original dance, which is pretty tough”.
soundtrack Requiem for a Dream, which was the middle piece in their program.
They started and ended with selections from the motion picture soundtrack The Anna Cappellini and Luca Lanotte, the third of the couples to use music from
Double Life of Veronique by Zbigniew Preisner. Requiem for a Dream, chose “Addiction” for their dance. The Italians, who were
in seventh place after the original dance, earned a season best 87.34 points in
Russia’s Jana Khokhlova and Sergei Novitski, the 2009 European ice danc- the free dance and 176.10 points overall to finish sixth in the free and overall
ing champions, could not repeat their success, although they won their third after placing only ninth in the original dance.
straight medal at the European Championships, a bronze this time.
“We are really happy with the performance tonight because yesterday we felt
Skating to Stravinsky’s “Firebird” in a new free dance which featured their usual like we left some points on the table”, Cappellini said. “Today we wanted to give
unique lifts as well as bird-like movements from Khokhlova, the dancers had out everything. There was nothing more to give”.
a season best score of 93.21 points in the free dance to place third in the free
dance. They had 189.67 points overall. Israel’s Alexandra Zaretski and Roman Zaretski used music from the motion pic-
ture soundtrack of Schindler’s List, a favorite of Israeli dance teams, to place ninth
in the free dance with 84.36 points and seventh overall with a score of 174.91.
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

88 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Figure skating 89

Ukraine’s Anna Zadorozhniuk and Sergei Verbillo, who were in eighth place after Lift Поддержка
the original dance, finished in the same position in the free dance with 84.38
points. The dancers, who skated to “Vivre Pour Le Meilleur”, had a total score of Knee injury Травма колена
171.28, and finished eighth overall.
Siblings Брат и сестра
Russia’a Ekaterina Bobrova and Dmitri Soloviev scored 84.90 points, seventh in
the free dance, and placed ninth overall, just .02 behind the Ukrainians.

The skaters in general expressed dislike for new rules, which went into effect
Word combinations and phrases
at Europeans, which included cutting the number of dancers in the free dance Second year in a row One year after another, in succession
from 24 to 20, omitting a home country competitor unless they made the top
20, and splitting off the bottom four dancers in a group by themselves followed We knew that it was about a medal We understood we were fighting for
by a 45-minute break before the final three groups. a prize-winning place

During the break, circus acts performed on the ice including fire jugglers, bungee
Third straight medal Third medal in a row/in succession
artists, three women performing aerial ballet on silks, and ladies skating with
fireworks and torches. The performance filled the arena with smoke before the
I’m not so upset about Not getting another medal is not a tragedy for me
final three groups competed.
non medaling anymore
“If you want to see a circus, go to one”, John Kerr said, “but this is supposed to
be a figure skating competition. It’s ridiculous that they cut the last group off from We felt like we left some points We thought we could have earned

the rest of the competition. All the skaters and coaches, even the judges hate it”. on the table some more points

GLOSSARY QUESTIONS
Free dance (FD) Произвольный танец
• What competition did the Italian couple win at the European Championships?

Snag Зд.: вырвать


• Why were they only the second to do so?

Ice dancing Спортивные танцы на льду


• What did Oksana Domnina blame their dancing couple for?

Original dance Оригинальный танец. До сезона 2010 — 2011 годов сорев-


• How did Russia’s Jana Khokhlova and Sergei Novitski perform?
нования по танцам на льду состояли из трех видов — обяза-
тельного танца, оригинального танца и произвольного танца.
• What was Nathalie Pechalat’s attitude towards not getting a medal at the Championships?
Оригинальный танец исполнялся под заданный ритм, опреде-
ляемый на сезон Международным союзом конькобежцев.
• How are Sinead Kerr and John Kerr related to each other?
В настоящее время соревнования по спортивным танцам, так
же, как и по другим видам фигурного катания, состоят из двух
• Why were Anna Cappellini and Luca Lanotte happy with their performance?
программ — короткого и произвольного танца

5.31-point margin Преимущество в 5,31 балла

Compulsory dance Обязательный танец


Freestyle
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

92 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Freestyle 93

ARTICLE

ALEXANDRE BILODEAU

He was never supposed to be in this position. The smart money was on Jennifer “My own opinion is that probably Alex is not capable of a 4.8 or a 4.9 [on his
Hell, Charles Hamelin or maybe even Manuel Osborne-Paradis and his downhill turns] because 5 is a perfect score”, said Australian performance director Geoff
disciples to end Canada’s gold-medal hex as an Olympic host nation on the first Lipshut in the Queensland Mail-Courier.
full day of competition.
“Dale skied unbelievable and I don’t think you can fault anything he did. I thought
But a variety of near-misses, flame-outs and weather woes left Alexandre Bilo- Dale won, but that’s just a gut feel”.
deau with a chance at history a day later, and the man from Montreal — where
the monkey first climbed onto Canada’s back in 1976,12 years before he was Still, beating public enemy No. 1 — as the taciturn Begg-Smith became after
even born — didn’t need a second invitation. shunning Canadian media throughout the Games — added a measure of gloss
to Bilodeau’s gold.
As the penultimate skier down Cypress Mountain, the one-time ice hockey star
deftly picked his way through the moguls field — throwing in a back double full While he was famous before, he’s now mingling with the likes of Michael Phelps
and a back iron cross for good measure — and reached the foot of the slope in and Wayne Gretzky, and his star — and income — could well sky-rocket in the
time to see older brother Frederic punch the air. wake of his triumph, with experts predicting he will earn more than $1-million
from endorsements over the next few years.
What his sibling seemed to realize at that moment became common knowledge
across the nation minutes later, as Frenchman Gullbaut Colas’s sixth-place finish But fame and fortune will not be allowed to divide the Bilodeau clan. Two nights
left Bilodeau on top of the podium and Canada celebrating its long-awaited first after Alex claimed gold, his father Serge insisted the Bilodeaus had to have din-
gold in its third stint as Olympic host. ner as a family again. He was adamant: He wasn’t going to let the media “steal
Alex from us”. It was “important to have a principle a principle as a family”. He
Frederic’s presence in the crowd was especially poignant for Alex, having didn’t want “the best 23 seconds to become the worst 23 seconds as well”.
learned the value of taking your opportunities while watching his brother’s daily
struggles with cerebral palsy throughout their upbringing. For Canada, those 23 seconds allowed the nation to breathe a collective sigh
of relief. More golds promptly followed, and despite being the first, Bilodeau
“He wakes up in the morning and he’s got that big smile. He goes to bed, he’s thinks they are all equally special. “The first gold is not worth more than the last
got that big smile. If you look at him, he’s got all the right to complain. or the second or the third. They are all worth the same”.

And how many times do we complain in a day?...” Alex Bilodeau explained of his Try telling that to his brother though.
brother. “That’s when you put everything back in perspective and you say: ‘I should
just shut up and swallow and go train.’ I got the chance to be an Olympic champion “Because of the performance of Alex”, Frederic said, “I’m part of history”.
or go to the Olympics and I have to take it. Because he doesn’t have that chance”.
The winner of Canada’s first Olympic gold medal on home soil wouldn’t have it
The complaints came instead from south of the Equator, with Australia insist- any other way.
ing that its skier, Vancouver-born defending champion Dale Begg-Smith, had
deserved better than the silver he received.
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

94 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Freestyle 95

GLOSSARY Didn’t need a second invitation Wouldn’t make anyone ask him twice

Alex Bilodeau Алекс Билодо победил* Penultimate skier Last but one athlete to perform in the event
has done it
One-time hockey star Once a promising hockey player
Downhill disciples Подопечные тренера по скоростному спуску
Punch the air Strike blows into the air with clenched fists
Near-miss Попадание близ цели; промах
Third stint as Olympic host Hosting the Olympic Games for the third time
Flame-out Неудача; провал; поражение
That’s just a gut feel That’s just an inner feeling/intuition
Weather woe Ненастье

Moguls field (table) Стол — плоская зона, на которой устанавливаются трамплины QUESTIONS
Back double full Бэк дабл фул — воздушный трюк в лыжном фристайле — саль- • Who was the smart money on the Canadian team?
то назад с двумя полными оборотами вокруг вертикальной оси
• How did Alexandre Bilodeau pick his way through the mogul’s field?
Iron cross Железный крест — прыжок в лыжном фристайле: выполняя
его, спортсмен притягивает скрещенные лыжи к спине • Why was Bilodeau especially touched by his brother Frédéric’s presence among the public?

Foot of the slope Подножие холма • What is Alex’s description of his brother?

Cerebral palsy Церебральный паралич • Where did complaints against Bilodeau’s victory come from?

Defending champion Чемпион, отстаивающий свой титул • What was Geoff Lipshut’s opinion of the final score?

* Есть разные варианты перевода этого выражения. Не рекомендуется только дословный: • What earnings do experts predict for Bilodeau over the next few years?
«Он это сделал», — что по-русски звучит нелепо и почти непристойно. — Прим. ред.
• What is Alex’s family reaction to his success?

Word combinations and phrases • Why did those 23 seconds Alexandre won over his rival allow the nation to breathe
Smart money Money bet or invested by people with expert a collective sigh of relief?
knowledge
• What enabled Alexandre’s brother Frédéric be part of history?
Gold-medal hex Evil spell that prevents from winning gold medals

Montreal — where the monkey first First Olympic Games (Montreal 1976) hosted
climbed onto Canada’s back in 1976 by Canada didn’t bring any gold medals to the
nation, neither did the Winter Olympics of 1988
in Calgary. ‘Monkey climbing on somebody’s
back’ means a grief or a serious problem that
wouldn’t go away
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

96 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Freestyle 97

ARTICLE

ALEXANDRE BILODEAU

Men’s and women’s ski halfpipe has been added to the 2014 Winter Olympics in In June 2010, FIS voted to support ski halfpipe in its bid to become a medal
Sochi, the International Olympic Committee announced Wednesday in London. event for men and women. This met essential IOC criteria that sports be affili-
ated with a recognized international federation before gaining Olympic status.
Men’s and women’s snowboard slopestyle and men’s and women’s ski slope-
style were not added to the program at this time. Another step forward occurred in September 2010, when the IOC program
commission met in Lausanne, Switzerland, and recommended ski halfpipe for
“This is a great day”, Christophe Dubi, the IOC’s sports director, said. “A decision inclusion to the IOC executive board.
will be made in the coming month [regarding slopestyle] after further feasibility
study. We need our experts to review the situation with the organizing com- The freeskiing community expected a decision at the IOC executive board meet-
mittee, FIS [skiing’s governing body] as well, prior to making a final decision”. ing in October in Acapulco, Mexico, but instead, the governing body said it
Dubi confirmed that a decision on slopestyle is expected in a “matter of weeks”. would wait and see what happened at the world championships of sports up
for consideration.
For the upcoming slopestyle decision, the IOC is sending a team to Sochi to con-
duct a feasibility report. “We need extra information about the capacity for the The good news? At that meeting, the IOC confirmed that ski and snowboard
athletes and the spectators in the region”, said IOC President Jacques Rogge at slopestyle were up for review as well.
a later press conference at the London meetings. “If you add more events, you
need more slopes and more access for spectators and technicians”. Because the IOC requires Olympic sports to participate in established com-
petition series with standardized judging formats, the freeskiing competition
Ski halfpipe athletes are excited about the news. “I’ve always wanted to go to landscape shifted during the 2010  — 2011 season. The U.S. Grand Prix, an
the Olympics, so this is a dream come true”, Canadian pipe skier Mike Riddle established qualifier for the U.S. Olympic snowboard team, added ski halfpipe
said. “I’ve been pushing for ski halfpipe inclusion for years now, so this makes for the first time. The FIS freestyle world championships added a slopestyle
my goal very clear for the next three years. This is basically a life-changing deci- event for the first time, and IOC official Walter Bieber attended as a spectator.
sion for me”.
Throwing snowboard slopestyle into the mix has had a ripple effect through the
For slopestyle athletes, the decision is bittersweet. “I’m happy they’re accept- snowboard community. Athletes chafed at the idea that FIS, a ski organization,
ing a little bit of freeskiing in there. But I’m also super disappointed”, 2010 would continue to govern their sport and that the addition of Olympic qualifying
Winter X ski slopestyle champion Sammy Carlson said. “They’ve been working events to an already crowded competition schedule would push athletes too
at pipe longer than slope and there’s been a lot of hype of ski pipe getting in, far. Terje Haakonsen encouraged snowboarders to have a voice, asking them to
so I understand. But to me, it makes more sense to accept slopestyle: Kids sign his 180 Olympic Charter. Chas Guldemond and other top slopestyle riders
everywhere who ski their local hill can get into jumps and rails, but not every ski founded We Are Snowboarding in solidarity.
area has a halfpipe. Kids can relate more to slopestyle”.
Olympic status for ski halfpipe is expected to have a direct impact on the train-
Ski halfpipe will make its first Olympic-level appearance in January 2012 at the ing, funding, and resources available to athletes. In fact, it already has: In Janu-
first Winter Youth Olympic Games in Innsbruck. ary, the U.S. Ski and Snowboard Association launched U.S. Freeskiing in part-
nership with The North Face, which would presumably supply Olympic uniforms.
The IOC’s debate on ski halfpipe and ski and snowboard slopestyle has been
more than 10 months in the making.
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

98 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Freestyle 99

The unofficial Canadian halfpipe team will be legitimatized and American skiers Jumps and rails Трамплины и перила
will be able to follow ski pipe’s Jen Hudak’s lead in training at the U.S. Ski team
facility in Park City, Utah. Medal event Финальное соревнование

The IOC also wins, bringing in a sport that appeals to a young demographic and
IOC Program Комиссия МОК по Олимпийской программе — комиссия,
giving the Olympic Games more universal appeal. At the 2010 Vancouver Olym-
Commission (Olympic отвечающая за анализ и проверку состава дисциплин, сорев-
pics, the live coverage of Shaun White’s gold medal in snowboarding halfpipe
Program Commission — нований, мероприятий и количества спортсменов для каждого
helped NBC capture 30.1 million viewers in the U.S.
OPC) вида спорта, входящего в программу Олимпийских игр

“Involving freeskiing in the Olympics will bring a younger, fresher, edgier feel to the
Olympics, similar to how snowboarding halfpipe did”, pipe and slopestyle skier Gus IOC Executive Board Исполком МОК — орган, отвечающий за управление делами

Kenworthy said. “I’m eagerly awaiting the 2014 Games and can’t wait to see what Международного Олимпийского комитета

the incorporation of freeskiing will do both for the Olympics and for our sport”.
Freeskiing community Приверженцы лыжного фристайла

GLOSSARY Slopestyle skier Участник соревнований по ски-слоупстайлу

Ski halfpipe Ски-хафпайп — вид соревнований по лыжному фристайлу, Women’s ski jumping Женские соревнования по прыжкам на лыжах с трамплина
в котором спортсмены поочередно выполняют серию акро-
батических прыжков, сальто, поворотов и других трюков в Olympic qualifying Квалификационные соревнования на Олимпийских играх
хафпайпе — специальном сооружении из снега, состоящем events
из двух стен одинаковой высоты и переходной части между
ними. Выступление спортсменов оценивается по технике ис- Biathlon mixed relay Смешанная эстафета в биатлоне. В смешанной эстафете при-
полнения отрыва, высоте полета над краем хафпайпа и слож- нимают участие четыре спортсмена — две женщины и двое
ности воздушных трюков. Соревнования включают квалифи- мужчин, — которые являются представителями одного Нацио-
кационный и финальный этапы по два заезда в каждом нального олимпийского комитета. Первые два этапа по 6 км
бегут женщины, следующие два по 7,5 км — мужчины. Каждый
Snowboard/ski Сноуборд-/ски-слоупстайл — вид соревнований по фристайлу спортсмен дважды выполняет стрельбу (первая стрельба —
slopestyle и сноуборду, состоящий из выполнения серии акробатических лежа, вторая — стоя). За каждую незакрытую мишень спор-
прыжков на трамплинах, перилах, боксах и т.д. Группа судей тсмен получает штрафной круг в 150 м. Спортсмены стартуют
оценивает стиль и сложность заезда каждого участника с трех рядов одновременно, по 10 человек в ряду

FIS [skiing governing FIS [руководящий орган по лыжному спорту] Международная Figure skating Командное соревнование по фигурному катанию. В командном
body] (Fédération федерация лыжного спорта team event соревновании по фигурному катанию принимают участие коман-
Internationale de Ski) ды от каждой страны-участницы Олимпийских игр, состоящие из
шести фигуристов: одного фигуриста, одной фигуристки, одной
Pipe skier Участник соревнований по ски-хафпайпу спортивной пары и одной танцевальной пары. Очки зарабаты-
вает каждый спортсмен и каждая пара. Команда с наибольшим
Freeskiing (freestyle Лыжный фристайл — дисциплина лыжного спорта. В про- суммарным количеством очков объявляется победителем
skiing) грамму Олимпийских игр по фристайлу включены 5 видов
соревнований: могул, акробатика, ски-кросс, ски-хафпайп Luge team relay Командная эстафета в санном спорте — вид соревнований
и ски-слоупстайл. В каждом виде соревнований участвуют в санном спорте: первым стартует мужчина, потом женщина,
мужчины и женщины а завершает гонку парный экипаж. Финиширующий должен
коснуться рукой диска, расположенного над трассой; после
прикосновения на старте открываются ворота
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

100 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Freestyle 101

Word combinations and phrases QUESTIONS


Feasibility study Study designed to determine the practicability • When will a decision regarding slopestyle be made?
of a system or a project
• What are the IOC actions for the upcoming slopestyle decision?
Life-changing decision Very important decision that impacts one’s life
• How did Jacques Rogge comment on adding more events to the Games?
Bittersweet Pleasant but tinged with sadness
• Why is the decision to introduce ski halfpipe bittersweet for slopestyle athletes?
Were up for review as well Were also brought up for discussion
• When will ski halfpipe make its first Olympic-level appearance?
Established qualifier Recognized organization engaged in athletes’
selection for the Olympics • Where and when did the IOC Program Commission meet?

Chafed at the idea Were not pleased by the idea • To what body did the Commission recommend the inclusion of ski halfpipe?

Appeals to a young demographic Is very popular with the youth

Edgier feel More keen and impressive quality


Ice hockey
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

104 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Ice hockey 105

ARTICLE

MEN’S ICE HOCKEY FINAL.


BATTLE OF THE GOALIES

Canucks goaltender thanks hometown crowd as he refutes theory that he can’t “He was happy and proud of the way I handled myself over these last two weeks”,
win the big one. Miller said. “It was nice that he said that, but it didn’t help in the moment”.

Miller MVP, but Luongo’s Got the Gold Luongo, who stopped 34 shots, was the winning goaltender, despite a game-
long battle with the puck, which he couldn’t seem to squeeze.
Roberto Luongo and Sidney Crosby stood on opposite ends of the gold-medal
lineup, the only two Canadians to garner personalized serenades from the cel- One observer, a former NHL player, said Luongo’s glove hand seemed to have
ebratory crowd at Canada Hockey Place. an eject button and a failure to secure the puck led to Zach Parise’s tying goal
with 24.4 seconds remaining in regulation.
True to bashful form, Crosby gave a little wave.
After the second intermission, in a broadcast interview, Canucks teammate and
But when it was Luongo’s turn to respond to a chorus of, “Loooo” from his dis- U.S. forward Ryan Kesler noted Luongo was fighting the puck and predicted
ciples, the goaltender stepped across the blue ceremonial carpet, and skated a the Americans would get an equalizer by pouring shots on goal. Told of the
small circle near centre-ice, his index finger raised high in the air. American bench’s assessment of his weakness, Luongo said: “I’m wearing gold
around my neck, I don’t really care”.
“I had to pay a little back”, said Luongo, the only “Vancouver Canucks player
on the Canadian Olympic team, which beat the United States 3-2 in overtime The 30-year-old was also queried about his reputation in big games, and where
yesterday to win the gold medal”. it stands now. Luongo allowed seven goals in the final game of Vancouver’s
playoff series loss to the Chicago Blackhawks last spring. Three years ago, he al-
They’ve been supporting me these two weeks and were tremendously loud
lowed a series-winning goal against the Anaheim Ducks. He has never advanced
every time I touched the puck. It was just to give back a little”.
past the second round of the Stanley Cup playoffs.
Ryan Miller of the United States, who was chosen the tournament’s top goal-
“I’ll leave that [reputation] up to you guys”, the Montreal native said. “But I got
tender and its most valuable player, made 36 saves last night in a near upset
a gold medal around my neck, and nobody can take that away from me”.
of the home team.
Luongo said he was comforted by the home crowd, and the familiar surround-
Miller played all but 11 minutes in the U.S. goal, while leading the tournament
ings, but all will not be comfortable in the Canucks locker room this week.
in save percentage (94.56). He was second in goals-against average (1.35) and
shutouts (one) to Sweden’s Hendrik Lundqvist. Kesler talked some trash to his NHL teammate after scoring in the second
period, and his public comments touched on sensitive turf because Luongo is
“I’m very frustrated”, he said. “We got ourselves in a position to win from two
loath to admit weakness.
goals down”.
Kesler is known as one of the league’s most grating and cocksure players, and
Miller was given a loud ovation by the crowd when introduced in the medal
Luongo certainly heard and saw that during the Olympics.
ceremony. During postgame handshakes, the 30-year-old from East Lansing,
Mich., was pulled aside by his head coach in the NHL, Buffalo’s Lindy Ruff, an “He’s a teammate, but this one stings”, Kesler said when asked how the two will
assistant on Canada’s bench, who whispered a few words of encouragement. co-exist in the Canuсks’ dressing room. “It’s going to take a couple of weeks”.
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

106 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Ice hockey 107

GLOSSARY Word combinations and phrases


Battle of the goalies Поединок вратарей MVP Most valuable player (athlete judged to be the
outstanding player in a sport during a particular
Canucks goaltender Вратарь канадцев season or championship)

Refute theory Опровергнуть утверждение/версию Garner personalized serenades Listen to people singing personal praises to smb

Gold-medal lineup Построение перед награждением победителей True to bashful form Crosby gave Because of his natural shyness Crosby only
a little wave waved his hand
In overtime В овертайме (в течение дополнительного времени)
36 saves 36 times he saved his goal
Puck Шайба
Glove hand seemed to have It seemed there was a hidden button in his
Shutout Игра «всухую» an eject button gloved hand which prevented him from taking
hold of the puck
Medal ceremony Церемония награждения
Would get an equalizer by pouring Would even the score by constantly bombing
Postgame handshakes Рукопожатия противников после матча shots on goal the goal

Bench Зд. скамейка запасных Was… queried about his reputation His reputation was prejudiced

NHL (National Hockey НХЛ — Национальная хоккейная лига) — (высшая лига, Is loath to admit weakness Hates to admit his weakness
League) объединяющая профессиональные команды США и Канады.
Создана в 1917 году Most grating and cocksure player Annoying and arrogant member of the team

Tying goal Гол, устанавливающий ничейный счет


QUESTIONS
In regulation Зд. основное время
• How did Roberto Luongo react to a chorus of ‘Looo’ from his disciples?
Intermission Перерыв
• What was the score in the final Canada — United Stated game for the gold medal?
Forward Форвард/нападающий
• What can you say about Ryan Miller’s performance at the Olympics?
Playoff series Плей-офф (финальная серия)
• What did one observer say about Luongo’s glove?
Series-winning goal Победный гол в финальном матче серии
• Why was Luongo queried about his reputation in big games, and where it stands now?
Stanley Cup Кубок Стэнли — хоккейный приз, ежегодно вручаемый победи-
телю серии плей-офф Национальной хоккейной лиги • How did he take this query?

Dressing room Раздевалка • Why will it be difficult for Luongo and Kesler to co-exist in one dressing room?
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

108 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Ice hockey 109

ARTICLE GLOSSARY
Media mix zone Смешанная зона/микс-зона СМИ — место, расположенное как
можно ближе к финишной зоне, где представители прессы
SWISS BLISS IN DEFEAT ENCAPSULATES могут брать интервью у спортсменов
STATE OF WOMEN’S GAME
Shellacked Потерпели сокрушительное поражение
Media mix zone at UBC Thunderbird Arena Never have losers been so happy, at
least not athletes who have just been shellacked 10-1. Notepad Блокнот

The Swiss team was parading by the cameras and notepads, and captain Kath- Goaltender Вратарь
rin Lehmann was all smiles. Goaltender Florence Schelling  — in net for every
goal – had a twinkle in her huge eyes. Genie Джинн

They should have been disconsolate, humiliated and embarrassed. They were
anything but. Word combinations and phrases
Lehmann had said the day before how her team had to be “serious and real- Bliss in defeat encapsulates state of Joy for a defeat does not stimulate the develop-
istic” and that they needed a “genie” to beat the Canadian women. Now, she women’s game ment of women’s ice hockey
was talking about how Switzerland met one of its goals. That is, it scored one
against the mighty Canadians. In net for every goal Responsible for every missed puck

She called the goal “gorgeous” and said the team was happy it came with 14
They were anything but Nothing of the kind
seconds remaining in the second, so they could celebrate it in their dressing
room between periods, even while trailing 5-1.
While trailing While losing

Schelling just missed out on her goal — allowing less than double digits. She
was asked if the Swiss went into this game thinking they could win. Allowing less than double digits Allowing the score to be less than two-figure
number
“No”, she answered flatly. And no elaboration was necessary. No elaboration was necessary
No specification was required
This is what women’s ice hockey had come to at the 2010 Winter Olympics?
Competitiveness was measured under a microscope. European teams set puny Competitiveness was measured
There was almost no competitive spirit
little targets when up against the big, bad women from North America. Losers under a microscope
behave like winners. Winners are asked to apologize for the margin of victory.
Winners are asked to apologize for Winners are asked to excuse themselves
It’s difficult to see the future of this sport at the Olympics. the margin of victory for a disastrous score

The North Americans are so amped to beat each other, they’ve widened the gap Are so amped to beat each other Are so keen on defeating each other
to Grand Canyonsized proportions. In their haste to beat each other, they’re los-
ing perspective of the bigger picture, and don’t seem to realize the damage that The Swiss were so infectious Joy of the Swiss was so contagious
10-1, 18-0, and 12-1 scores are doing.

Good thing the Swiss were so infectious at this moment. Otherwise, there
would be no joy at UBC.
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

110 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Ice hockey 111

QUESTIONS ARTICLE
• Why was captain Kathrin Lehmann all smiles after her team’s defeat?

• Was it possible for the Swiss team to beat the Canadians? PARALYMPIC SLEDGE HOCKEY: CZECH
REPUBLIC BEATS ITALY IN SHOOTOUT
• Why did European losers behave like winners?
The Czech sledge hockey team beat Italy 3-2 in a shootout today at the Paral-
• What had women’s ice hockey come to at the 2010 Winter Olympics? ympic Games.

• Do you think North American will dominate in women’s ice hockey for long? Playing in front of a large crowd at UBC Thunderbird Arena, the Italians were
unable to put the pack past Czech goalie Michal Vapenka in the shootout, while
• What does the author call ‘the Grand Canyonsized proportions’? Erik Fojtik beat Italy’s Santino Stillitano on his team’s first attempt.

Michal Beier and Zdenek Kurpicka scored for the Czechs in regulation, with Gi-
anluigi Rosa and Andrea Chiarotti responding for the Italians.

With the win, the Czechs will play for fifth place on Friday. They’ll take on the
winner of tonight’s 7 p.m. game between Sweden and Korea. Italy will play the
loser of tonight’s game for seventh.

***
Ice sledge hockey was invented at a Swedish rehabilitation centre in the early
1960s when a group of athletes with a disability decided they wanted to con-
tinue playing hockey. The sport debuted at the 1994 Paralympic Winter Games
in Lillehammer.

Sledge hockey follows all the International Ice Hockey Federation rules, with
a few modifications. Players sit on aluminum or steel sledges fitted with two
blades. They grip two double-ended sticks, one in each hand. One end of the
stick has a sharp pick that the players use to propel the sledge, the other has a
curved blade to pass and shoot the puck.

Eight ice sledge hockey teams compete in round-robin tournaments, and top
seeded teams from round-robin play advance to the playoff rounds. A regular
game consists of three 15-minute periods.
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

112 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Ice hockey 113

GLOSSARY Word combinations and phrases


UBC University of British Columbia
Paralympic sledge Паралимпийский следж-хоккей
hockey
Scored for Czechs in regulation with Shot at the goal by turns with

Shootout Серия буллитов

Sledge hockey team Следж-хоккейная команда


QUESTIONS
• What was the score in the Czech — Italian match?
Puck Шайба

• What decided the outcome of the game?


Goalie Вратарь

• Where and how was ice sledge hockey invented?


Athlete with a disability Спортсмен с инвалидностью/спортсмен-инвалид

• When and where did this sport make its Paralympic debut?
International Ice Hockey Международная федерация хоккея с шайбой (IIHF)
Federation (IIHF)
• What are the rules of sledge hockey?

Aluminum or steel Алюминиевые или стальные салазки на полозьях


• What equipment do sledge hockey players use?
sledge fitted
with two blades
• In what playing formats was the competition organized at the Games?

Double-ended stick Двусторонняя клюшка


• What is the timing of a regular game?

Sharp pick Зубчатый крюк клюшки

Propel the sledge Продвигать салазки по льду

Curved blade Изогнутый крюк клюшки

Round-robin tournament Турнир по круговой системе

Top seeded team Команда, имеющая высший рейтинг

Playoff round Плей-офф (финальная серия)


Luge
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

116 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Luge 117

ARTICLE

THE EQUIPMENT

There are those of us who get a little nervous moving at 90 miles per hour pro- The types of artificial luge tracks used in the Olympics are tremendous struc-
tected by steel, air bags and anti-lock brakes. And then there are those of us tures that embody a lot of technology. There are fewer than two dozen artificial
who ask, “Can we remove all protective mechanisms, get close enough to kiss luge tracks in the world.
the pavement and lie down so we can’t see real well?” Replace “pavement” with
“ice”, and you’ve got yourself the makings of a luge team. An Olympic track is artificially refrigerated. The bobsled/luge course used in the
2002 Salt Lake City Games is a reinforced concrete track with evaporators buried
Luge is one of the most dangerous sports in the Olympic games, and the ath- in the concrete. The evaporators cool the track to 12 degrees F (-11 C). The track
letes who race down an icy, high-banked track at up to 90 mph (140 km/h) are a is then sprayed with water to create the approximate 2-inch surface of ice.
special breed. In this article, we’ll learn all about Olympic luge and find out what
it takes to finish first. A typical luge course is less than 1 mile (1.6 km) long and drops about 300
to 400 feet (90-120 m) in the course of a one-minute run. The configuration
If you think the luge is dangerous, then you need to read the article on ice climb- includes straightaways, left and right turns, downhills (and sometimes a short
ing and watch video from Discovery’s Fearless Planet to see what winter sports uphill) and at least one S-type curve combination like the “labyrinth”, which con-
are really all about. The Track sists of three or four consecutive turns with no straightaways between them.

In Olympic luge, the slider (usually not called a “luger”) lies down on a fiberglass The 2002 Olympic luge track in Utah is 4,318 feet (1,316 meters) long and has
sled, with no braking system, and heads feet-first down an icy track. 15 curves. The vertical drop is approximately 400 feet (120 m).

There are actually two types of luge: natural track and artificial track. In Olympic luge, women start further down the track than men.

In natural-track luge (naturbahn), the track is made of packed snow and ice. The The luge course for the 2006 Torino Games is 4,708 feet (1,435 m) long with
slope on a natural luge track is no greater than 1.5 percent (about 1 degree), 19 curves and a 375-foot (114-m) vertical drop.
meaning that for every 100 feet of track, the maximum elevation change is 1.5
feet. Speeds can reach up to 50 mph (80 kph). Anyone can make a natural luge The course in Turin, Italy, took almost two years and 61.5 million euros (about
track if he has enough snow to work with. $74 million) to build.

In artificial-track luge (kunstbahn), the track is steeper and has high-banked Reaching speeds up to 90 mph (140 kph) on the track, just staying on the sled
turns, with an average slope of 8 to 11 percent (about 5 to 6 degrees). Speeds would be a feat for a highly trained athlete. But sliders don’t just have to stay
on an artificial track can reach 90 mph (140 kph) — American slider Tony Ben- on the sled — they also need to maintain a strictly aerodynamic form, watch
shoof holds the Guinness record for fastest luge speed at 86.6 mph. where they’re going and try to keep the sled in the “sweet spot” that will carry
them smoothly between turns, all while facing up to 5 g’s on particularly strenu-
KUNSTBAHN LUGE TRACK IN TURIN, ITALY ous courses. According to Canadian slider Jeff Christie in a CBC interview, the
consequences of giving in to the g-forces can be pretty painful:
Olympic luge is kunstbahn, and it’s not for the meek. Two weeks before the
start of the 1964 Innsbruck Games, a slider from the British luge team died on When you go into a corner pulling five g-forces with your head hanging off the
the luge track during a practice run. Crashing at 90 mph on an icy track can be end of the sled, suddenly your head is five times your body weight. You’ve got to
very ugly, and luge athletes often face serious injuries if they come off the sled. keep it up so you can see where you’re going because, trust me, the worst feeling
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

118 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Luge 119

in the world is having your head dragging on the ice at 120 kilometers per hour. A slider’s racing gear consists of:

For the level of danger sliders face on each run, the amount of protective gear they • Helmet — A luge helmet has a rounded visor that extends all the way under
wear is shockingly sparse. In the next section, we’ll examine the equipment of luge. the slider’s chin to minimize air resistance

THE EQUIPMENT Luge helmet and racing suit:

For all the complexity of navigating a luge course, the equipment involved is • Racing suit  — A luge suit is a smooth, rubberized, skin-tight suit designed to
pretty limited. There’s a sled, a racing suit, gloves, boots and a helmet. Every minimize air friction. Sliders typically compete in brand-new suits so there’s no
piece of equipment in luge is designed for utmost aerodynamics, minimal fric- chance of flapping or rippling. Photo courtesy San Diego Low Speed Wind Tunnel
tion and top speed.
• Spiked gloves  — Luge gloves have spikes sewn into the fingertips and/or
A luge sled is a high-tech machine. It’s made primarily of fiberglass and steel, knuckles to provide traction when the slider is paddling over the ice at the
and its custom built for each athlete based on his or her height, weight and pro- start of the race
portions. Luge teams contract companies to design and build their sleds based
on custom specifications. Olympic slider Georg Hackl actually took his sled to • Racing booties  — The zippers on luge booties draw the sliders’ feet into
the Porsche Engineering Group for some speed tweaks prior to the 2002 Olym- a straight position (as opposed to flexed). This position minimizes frontal drag
pics. But it’s not just about design — it’s also about using the best materials. In (see “The Physics” section)
2004, the USA Luge Team called on US Steel to design a new type of steel for
During a race, something like a snag in a racing bootie can affect the slider’s
its sled runners in order to improve speed and performance.
aerodynamics enough to mean the difference between a win and a loss. Sliders
The sled weighs between 50 and 60 pounds (23-27 kg) and runs from the typically race in brand-new gear to reduce the chance of an unnoticed imperfec-
slider’s shoulders to his or her knees, and there is no head support. tion.

The sled consists of: In the next section, we’ll put this all together and see what happens during a luge run.

• Two steels — The steels are the only part of the sled that contacts the ice. THE RACE
Steels are made of metal and are very sharp
The Olympic luge competition has three divisions: Men’s singles, women’s sin-
• Two bridges — The bridges are made of steel. They connect to the runners gles and gender-neutral doubles. Since a higher weight is advantageous in luge
and support the pod (see the next section), doubles teams are typically all male. Most international
races besides the Olympics have single sliders doing two runs each. Both times
• Two runners (sometimes called kufens, which is German for “runners”) - Run- are added, and the winner has the lowest combined time. In the Olympics, sin-
ners are usually made of fiberglass and are the main steering mechanism of gles luge competition consists of four runs instead of two (doubles still perform
the sled. The curved section (the bow) of each runner is flexible. Using their only two runs), all of which count toward the final time. In this way, the Olym-
legs, sliders apply pressure to one or the other runner bow in order to steer pics tries to weight consistency as a major factor in a win.
through the course (they can also steer by making small movements with
their shoulders to shift their weight) Since every luge track is different from every other luge track, there are no blan-
ket World or Olympic records in luge. There are only track records. Italian slider
• Racing pod  — The pod is the platform on which the slider lies. It’s usually Armin Zoggeler holds the World track record for the 2006 Torino Games course:
made of fiberglass 1:44.586 for two runs, or an average time of 52.293 seconds per run.

• Two grips — There is a handle on either side of the pod for the slider to hold At the start of the luge course, there are two handles, one on each side of the
on to during the race track. The slider grabs these handles and rocks back and forth to build momentum
for the start. To begin the race, the slider propels himself onto the course and im-
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

120 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Luge 121

mediately uses his hands (in the spiked gloves) to paddle through the first 10 feet synchronizing the timers on the luge course with the atomic clock on the satellite.
or so of the track. This helps him gain some speed before lying down on the sled. With a modified GPS receiver built into the timing system, the satellite can trigger
the start timer and then trigger the stop timer after a certain interval. If the time
The initial push-off (top left); paddling through the start of the course (top noted by the satellite and the time noted by the ground system matches to at
right); lying flat on the sled (bottom left) and navigating a high-banked curve least the second thousandth of a second, the timing system is ready for a race.
(bottom right)
Completing a luge run is an exhilarating and physically demanding task. Let’s
Approaching the start of the downhill, the slider lies down on the sled in a prone take a look at the physics involved in making it from the start to the finish.
position. This is his body position for the remainder of the run. From this prone posi-
tion, with his head lifted only enough to have some idea where he’s going, the slider
navigates the twists, turns and straightaways with his body simultaneously tight GLOSSARY
and relaxed. This is not an easy state to achieve — the body must be stiff enough to
maximize acceleration (any wobbling or looseness would increase friction between Naturbahn Натурбан — спуск по естественной трассе

the sled and the track) and yet relaxed enough to absorb the intense forces acting
on the slider throughout the run. Since steering increases friction, the slider steers Kunstbahn Кунстбан — спуск по искусственной трассе

as little as possible, only pressing on the bows when necessary. Most of the time,
control is a matter of being one with the sled and letting gravity do its thing. Practice run Тренировочный заезд

DOUBLES LUGE High-banked track Трасса с крутыми поворотами

If a slider crosses the finish line without his sled, the run is thrown out, which means Sled/sleigh Спортивные/гоночные сани
automatic disqualification since all of the run times count toward the final score.
However, the slider can cross the finish line carrying his sled, and the run counts. Head feet-first Ехать ногами вперед

TIMING Prone position Положение лежа на спине

Olympic luge is timed to the thousandth of a second — for comparison, the blink
of an eye takes 12 thousandths of a second. Racing suit Костюм саночника

Luge is timed using photoelectric sensors at the start and finish. The setup has Booties Обувь саночника
a light transmitter/receiver pair at each end of the run. The transmitter is on one
side of the track, and the receiver is on the other. At the start, the slider triggers Helmet Шлем саночника
the timer when he crosses the line because he blocks the light beam. At the
finish line, he stops the timer the same way. Runners/steels Полозья

At the 1998 Nagano Games, the time difference between the women’s gold and Pod Обтекатель/ложе
the women’s silver was two-thousandths of a second, the smallest margin in luge
history. This miniscule difference between first and second place drew a great deal Bow Передний изгиб полозьев
of controversy, and engineers were called in to calculate the system’s margin of er-
ror. They found it to be approximately two-thousandths of a second. This triggered Grips/handles Рукоятки
a high-tech addition to the timing setup. Since the 1998 Games, luge timing sys-
tems have been calibrated before each race using a GPS satellite with an atomic Spiked gloves Шипованные перчатки
clock that’s accurate to the 10-10 seconds (every GPS satellite has an atomic clock
built in — see How GPS Receivers Work). The calibration process is basically about Blanket record Абсолютный рекорд
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

122 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Luge 123

Word combinations and phrases ARTICLE


Kiss the pavement Hit the ground

It’s not for the meek It’s not for spiritless


FEELING THE NEED FOR MORE SPEED
Sweet spot Good position or place
The difference between competitors in luge is so minute that it is one of only
G’s (gravitation forces) Force by which every mass attracts and is at- two Olympic winter sports (short track speedskating is the other one) in which
tracted by every other mass times are measured to 1/1000 of a second.

Shockingly sparse Really insufficient Taking a highly scientific approach to finding ways to shave thousandths of
seconds off the time of its lugers has been a longtime goal of USA Luge, but a
Run is thrown out Run is not taken into account seemingly unrealistic one because of the high costs of such studies.

Doug Bohl’s combined interests as a scientist, father and winter sports enthu-
QUESTIONS siast helped make the project possible.

• Why is luge considered one of the most dangerous sports? Bohl, whose 13-year-old son, Bailey, is training with the USA Luge development
team, and Brian Helenbrook are mechanical engineering professors at Clarkson
• What is a slider’s racing position? University in Potsdam, N.Y. They have committed to a project using computer
models and wind tunnels to study sleds in an attempt to reduce aerodynamic
• What is the difference between natural track and artificial track? drag, and therefore increase the speed of the USA Luge team.

• What is a typical length of a luge track?


“This was something we wanted to do for a long time”, said Gordy Sheer, a
three-time U.S. Olympian in doubles luge who is now the USA Luge director of
• What does the track configuration include?
marketing and sponsorship. “We didn’t necessarily have the resources. It’s not
something that’s an inexpensive project”.
• Describe the equipment of a slider?
Clarkson University has the right location and equipment to assist with such
a process. Based in the Adirondack Mountains in the far northern reaches of
• What disciplines does the Olympic luge include?
upstate New York, the university has its own wind tunnel, which can be used
for early stages of the research. Ultimately, the most promising ideas will be
• How can a slider gain speed at the start?
further tested at the low speed (sub-sonic) wind tunnel at the San Diego Air and
Space Technology Center, where USA Luge tests its sleds.
• What are a slider’s movements on track?
Bohl said an actual sled will be put in Clarkson’s wind tunnel to make drag meas-
• What happens if a slider crosses the finish line without the sled? urements. From there, a computer model of a sled, with a slider on it, can be
altered to compute drag and examine air flow going past.
• How is the Olympic luge timed?
Among the projects the Clarkson wind tunnel has been used for has been the
• Why do they use a GPS satellite with an atomic clock in the Olympic luge timing? study of how drag impacts fuel mileage on tractor-trailers.

• When is the timing system considered ready for a race?


Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

124 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Luge 125

“That one or two percent change, getting .2 to .25 more miles per gallon might Just as the athlete and sled work together, the two scientists leading the study
not mean much to an individual, but to Walmart or United Van Lines, it’s a big form a team.
difference”, — Bohl said.
Bohl and Helenbrook each research fluid mechanics, complementing each other.
Miniscule changes in how the sled handles drag could have a similar impact for Bohl specializes in the experimental side and Helenbook in the computational side.
elite athletes. The study won’t change the drag of the athlete’s body, which can
be more significant than the sled, but it can address a piece of the puzzle. “We can make changes more readily on the computer model”, Bohl said. “We
can look into the shape, making it rounder in the belly or flatter in the belly”.
The openness that Doug Bohl encountered from USA Luge from the time Bai-
ley Bohl started moving into the sport seriously two years ago allowed him to The best ideas can then be tested on actual sleds in San Diego with the goal of
brainstorm ideas about where USA Luge’s needs and his department’s work making progress for the Sochi 2014 Olympic Winter Games. They may also fuel
could connect. further experimentation.

On trips to Lake Placid, N.Y., where USA Luge is headquartered, for Bailey’s “I’m sure this will answer a lot of questions, but also (prompt us to) ask a lot
training, Doug Bohl found himself in conversations with some of the leaders of more”, Sheer said. “As one set gets answered, another pops up”.
the sport.
“We’re just trying to gather as much information as we can and learn as much
“The nice thing about luge athletes and coaches is they are very accessible”, as we can”.
Bohl said. “While Bailey was sliding at the luge club, Duncan Kennedy and I
started talking about sleds”. GLOSSARY
Bohl remembered watching Kennedy, a development coach, compete in three USA Luge Ассоциация санного спорта США
Olympic Winter Games.

“I also remembered when the bobsled teamed up with (NASCAR driver) Geoff Wind tunnel Аэродинамическая труба

Bodine and reading about that with interest”, Bohl said.


Three-time Olympian Трехкратный участник Олимпийских игр
Bohl shared ideas with USA Luge programs director and two-time Winter
Games medallist Mark Grimmette. Doubles luge Скоростной спуск на двухместных санях («двойки»)

“They got the ball rolling”, Sheer said, “and I’ve stepped in while Mark is out on Tractor-trailer Тягач с прицепом
the road”.
Elite athletes Участники спорта высших достижений
Sheer has put time into research since his competitive days ended shortly after
he earned an Olympic silver medal with partner Chris Thorpe at the Nagano Development coach Тренер по практике (помощник главного тренера)
1998 Games.
NASCAR driver Гонщик Национальной ассоциации автогонок на серийных
“The team would go to the wind tunnel from time to time, but really, post retire-
автомобилях
ment is when I’ve become more involved with it”, — he said.

Olympic athletes and newcomers to the sport learn how difficult it is to save
thousandths of seconds.

“It’s a sport where everything matters”, — Sheer said, — “so every type of im-
provement that you can make will translate to something on the track”.
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

126 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Luge 127

Word combinations and phrases QUESTIONS


Minute difference Very small, infinitesimal difference • What are the Olympic winter sports in which times are measured to 1/1000 of a second?

Shave thousandths of seconds off To cut the racing time by thousandths of • What did mechanical engineering professors at Clarkson University do to increase the speed of
the time seconds the USA Luge team?

Address a piece of the puzzle Cause some problem • What impact for elite athletes could minuscule changes have?

Brainstorm ideas Inspire ideas • How did Doug Bohl characterize USA Luge athletes and coaches?

Bobsled US term for bobsleigh • Why is any type of improvement so important in luge?

Team up with Unite to make a team • With what goal in mind are American engineers testing the best ideas on actual sleds in San Diego?

Get the ball rolling Start/initiate

Step in Get involved/interfere

Be out on the road Be in the middle of smth

Put time into research Dedicate time to research

Rounder or flatter in the belly Round or flatten the pod of a sled

Specialize in the experimental and in Be engaged in practical experiments and in mak-


the computational side ing computer models

As one set gets answered, another As soon as the answer to one question is found,
pops us another arises
Nordic combined
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

130 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Nordic combined 131

ARTICLE

THE UNITED STATES’ BIG THREE IS


SHOOTING FOR A BIG THREE
AT THE WINTER OLYMPIC GAMES

The American Nordic combined team  — led by stalwarts Todd Lodwick, Billy who is from Steamboat Springs. “It draws awareness to what we’re doing. For
Demong and Johnny Spillane — heads into Thursday’s individual large hill/10- us to be able to get on the podium is a big deal”.
kilometer competition with two medals to its credit.
“What we hope is that after this, people aren’t going to wait until (the 2014
Spillane won the Americans’ first-ever Olympic Nordic combined medal Feb. 14, Winter Olympics in) Sochi to watch. What we want is for them to pay attention
finishing second to World Cup leader Jason Lamy Chappuis of France in the when we’re doing 25 World Cups a year and to pay attention when we’re doing
individual normal hill/10km event at Whistler Olympic Park. well at world championships or whatever it is. If we can get that many people
watching all the time, it’ll continue to help our sport get bigger and bigger”.
The United States earned another silver medal in Nordic combined on Tuesday,
when Lodwick, Demong, Spillane and Brett Camerota placed second to the per- Spillane went on to point out how well the skiers are treated in that Nordic
ennial powerhouse from Austria. It remains to be seen whether the Americans incubator, Steamboat Springs.
can engineer a three-peat in the looming Nordic combined final.
“There are few places in the U.S. that have that kind of support. Todd and I
“That will be something that no other nation will be able to say at these Games”, are fortunate, coming from Steamboat, where they support us all the time,
Lodwick said. “The U.S. is the only country that has been on the podium twice”. year-round”, Spillane said. “You definitely don’t get that everywhere else. We’re
pretty lucky to be in that situation”.
Lodwick, 33, is a five-time Olympian from Steamboat Springs, Colo. Demong
and Spillane are 29 and four-time Olympians. All three skiers have won world “Now we’re hoping that more and more places will pay attention to Nordic com-
championships. The quartet is rounded out by the 25-year-old Camerota, an bined — not just during the Olympics, but during all of the events — and know that we’re
Olympic rookie who shone during Tuesday’s team competition. not just training once every four years. We’re working 365 days a year, every year”.

Another medal would further increase the profile of the sport, which combines
ski jumping and cross-country skiing. GLOSSARY
“Over the last 10 years, the general awareness of our sport has grown”, said Stalwart Сильный и отважный человек
Demong, who is from Vermontville, N.Y. “There’s still a lot of people who live
south of snow country who think maybe we’re skiing and shooting or we jump Individual large hill/ Соревнования, включающие личное первенство на большом
into the pool and do flips”. 10-kilometer competition трамплине и лыжную гонку на 10 км

“But for the most part, a lot of people who ski, now know what Nordic com-
Individual normal Соревнования, включающие личное первенство на среднем
bined is. You see that in talking to people who follow any winter sports at all.
hill/10-kilometer event трамплине и лыжную гонку на 10 км
In our press conferences going into the Olympics, not one reporter asked us
anything about what we do as much as some really legit questions about how
Three-peat (abbr. of Завоевание чемпионского титула трижды
we were going to do and what we’ve been doing to get ready. There’s a much-
three + repeat)
more educated public and press now as to what Nordic combined is”.

And that was before the double-medal haul at the 2010 Olympics. “To be able Five-time Olympian Участник пяти Олимпийских игр
to get medals at the Olympics, when it comes right down to it, that’s the only
thing that Americans are paying attention to in our sport”, noted Spillane, Rookie Новичок
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

132 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Nordic combined 133

Word combinations and phrases ARTICLE


Perennial powerhouse from Austria Invariably powerful Austrian team

Looming Nordic Combined final Forthcoming finals in Nordic Combined AMERICAN NORDIC STAR HAS EYES ON
ELUSIVE OLYMPIC MEDAL
General awareness of our sport Our sport attracts more attention of the public
has grown Lodwick, a fifth-time Winter Olympian in Nordic combined, recently joined an
impressive list of luminaries when he was named the United States Olympic
Legit questions Legitimate (competent) questions Committee’s male athlete-of-the-year.

Double-medal haul Trophy of two medals “I didn’t realize the scope of the award until I got online and realized who was
on that list — from Michael Phelps to Lance Armstrong to one of my heroes,
Nordic incubator Place generating Nordic Combined athletes Carl Lewis, to Tyson Gay”, said Lodwick, who was nominated by his peers for
his excellence in 2009. “The list goes on and on of great athletes represent-
QUESTIONS ing their sport. For me to represent Nordic combined and skiing in general, it’s
beyond words”.
• Who are the leaders of the US Nordic Combined team?
Lodwick’s next goal is to emulate Phelps  — who won eight swimming gold
medals at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing — by ascending to the Olympic
• What remains to be seen in the looming Nordic Combined final?
podium.
• How many times did Todd Lodwick participate in the Olympic Games?
While excelling in an often-overlooked sport that combines ski jumping and
cross-country skiing, Lodwick has achieved virtually everything except for win-
• What is Billy Demong’s opinion of the public awareness of Nordic Combined?
ning an Olympic medal.

• What should the public pay attention to according to Johnny Spillane? “I dream about it every day”, he said. “It’s something that gets me out the door
in the morning. It puts me to sleep. It’s what makes me dedicate myself even
• Why are Johnny and Todd particularly lucky going in for Nordic Combined? though it’s something you’ve done over and over again and sometimes you just
don’t really feel like doing it”.

Lodwick finished among the top 10 in all of his events in the 2002 and 2006
Winter Olympics without claiming gold, silver or bronze. His best finishes at
the Olympics were in 2002, when he helped the United States place fourth in
the team event and was fifth in the individual large hill competition. He retired
shortly after the 2006 Olympics, only to return to the sport two years later.

“The decision was made (to retire) because it was a job”, said Lodwick, who
resides in his birthplace of Steamboat Springs, Colo., a Nordic combined haven.
“I’d done it for 15 years and I hadn’t experienced the normal life of sitting be-
hind a desk and trying to make a living”.

“I needed a change so I decided to be done, to retire from the sport of skiing, and
concentrate on my daughter’s life and get a real job. I was probably away from
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

134 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Nordic combined 135

them more during the time that I was done than I was while I was skiing. It was else, that rest and training is the opportunity to really perform and peak at your
give and take. I definitely slept in the house every night, but I was an 8-to-5 guy”. best”, he said. “I think you can control that a little bit more instead of competing
week in and week out. I’ve definitely done it both ways and I think when you get
“It was definitely a decision that I would do again, for sure. It was nice to get on a roll, you keep rolling with it”.
away from the sport. I came back to it and appreciate my accomplishments in
the sport in my earlier career probably more now than I did while I was doing “The philosophy, especially last year and this year, is that my family plays a role
it, taking a step back and peering through the bubble and looking back at the in it. I have a four-year-old and she’s an important part of my life. It’s hard to be
pages of the first part of my career”. away for a month and then come back, be home for a week, and leave again.
Skiing is not my life. It’s what I do for a living and it’s not going to last forever,
The second part has been highlighted by his first two world-championship gold so I don’t want to miss out on the opportunities to catch my son’s first steps or
medals, captured in 2009 in the individual and normal hill sprint events. be a part of my daughter’s school program and be the father around the house.
That’s really important”.
In the excitement of the moment in Liberec, Czech Republic, he described his
improbable journey as a “crazy fairy tale”. Lodwick  — who is 20th on TIME magazine’s list of 25 Winter Olympians to
watch — is the most-experienced member of a strong United States team that
“If someone gave you a book and it said, ‘Skier comes out of retirement in May
also includes four-time Olympians Billy Demong and Johnny Spillane. The latter
and trains hard and he’s going to win three Continental Cups. And then he’s
two skiers have also won individual gold medals at world championships (Spill-
going to go to the World Cup and dominate and get on the podium two times.
ane in 2003; Demong six years later).
And then he’s going to disappear before the world championships and he’s go-
ing to come back and kill everybody and be the first-ever skier in modern history The Olympics’ individual normal hill competition is set for Sunday, followed by
to ever win both the jumping and cross-country race,’ I think people would go, the team event (Feb. 23) and individual large hill (Feb. 25).
‘Well, that’s a fairy tale,’” Lodwick said.

“I was the one who wrote the book, and I was the one who believed in it and
refined the book. I believed in the book. I didn’t care what anyone said about the GLOSSARY
book. It was a fairy tale, for sure. Nordic Combined Лыжное двоеборье

A final chapter is not imminent — even if Lodwick receives a long-awaited gold


medal at Whistler. Excel Отличаться, выделяться

“To go out on top, I think every athlete, regardless of the sport, would love to say Ski jumping Прыжки на лыжах с трамплина
that, in a great scenario, ‘I pulled a John Elway,’” he said. “That would be sweet”.
Cross-country skiing Лыжные гонки
“It’s kind of hard to think that I’ve trained so hard now and I’ll (soon) be done.
I’ve already made the decision that I’m going to ski next year”. Team event Командные соревнования

But not at the expense of family time. During Chapter 2 of his career, Lodwick Individual large hill Личное первенство на большом трамплине
has strived to balance skiing and commitment to his wife (Sunny), daughter competition
(four-year-old Charley) and son (17-month-old Finn).
Individual sprint event Индивидуальный спринт (лыжные гонки)
Lodwick has opted for a limited schedule on the World Cup circuit, without any
(cross-country
negative effect on his performance. His successful comeback, punctuated by the
skiing sprint)
two world-championship gold medals, demonstrates that the approach is sound.

“I found out over the years, especially these last two years more than anything Individual normal hill Личное первенство на среднем трамплине
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

136 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Nordic combined 137

Word combinations and phrases QUESTIONS


Has eyes on elusive Olympic medal Dreams of a hard-to-reach Olympic medal • How did Todd Lodwick comment on being included in the impressive list of luminaries?

Move over Make way • What will be his next goal?

List of luminaries List of celebrities • What is Lodwick constantly dreaming about?

It’s beyond words It cannot be expressed in words • How does he explain his decision to retire shortly after the 2006 Winter Olympics?

Nordic Combined haven Place that harbor Nordic Combined/Nordic • How has the second part of Lodwick’s career been highlighted?
Combined sanctuary
• What became his ‘crazy fairy tale’?
It was give and take It was a compromise
• What success did he have after his comeback to sport?
I was an 8-to-5 guy I was training from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.
• What does the athlete think about the balance between sports and family life?
Peering through the bubble Trying to grasp the meaning

I pulled a John Elway I repeated John Elway’s fate (John Elway — a


legendary American quarterback who retired
on top of his football glory, but then resumed
playing)

When you get on a roll, you keep As soon as you start doing something, you get
rolling with it really involved in it
Short track
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

140 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Short track 141

ARTICLE

CHARLES HAMELIN

After winning 500-meter gold, Charles Hamelin kisses his girlfriend, Marianne always say what’s on his mind, he’s a pretty calm guy, but on the ice and even when
St-Gelais, herself a medallist at these Games. something bothers him ... there’s aggressiveness in him and skating is the way for
him to express it He’s extremely confident, on the ice he’s in complete control”.
Canada’s short-track speed skaters call it “the bubble” and 25-year-old Charles
Hamelin entered a thick-walled one last Wednesday evening, shortly after For the first two distances it didn’t appear that way, but Hamelin’s two golds
emerging to speak to the media following the 500-meter heats. wiped away an Olympics to that point characterized by frustration and sub-par
performances.
“I feel focused, good”, he said then.
Though he was never favoured to win the 1,500 meters, Hamelin entered the
When Hamelin next popped out, two nights later, it was to celebrate a gold first night of the short-track competition ranked second in the world at that
medal with a mighty fist pump, a Usain Boltlike salute and a leap onto the distance, and with ideas of taking Canada’s first home-soil gold if everything
arena-side padding to embrace girlfriend Marianne St-Gelais. went right. He didn’t make the final, finishing seventh. In the 1,000 meters
seven days later, he and brother Francois made the final but went out too fast
“My heartbeat was kind of blowing through the roof... we were just jumping all
and finished fourth and fifth.
over the place”, said Yves Hamelin, the team leader and Charles’s father. “It’s
like a birthday”. “I don’t think those were bad results, considering the competition”, he said last week.
Just over a half-hour later he was celebrating again, rounding the track holding But that assessment didn’t stop the whispers or keep a vaguely hunted look
a corner of the Maple Leaf that his four other teammates also carried. from his taking up residence on his face at the Games’ mid-point.
The proverb says “know thyself”, and if Hamelin said he couldn’t be happier Fortified by words of encouragement from Canadian medallists Alexandre Bilo-
if he’d won a medal himself when St-Gelais won her silver, he quickly revised deau, Maelle Ricker and Jennifer Heil, hundreds of e-mails of support from fans
himself last Friday. and downtime in the athletes village spending time playing ping-pong against
Pittsburgh Penguins and Team Canada goalie Marc-Andre Fleury of the Pitts-
“Two gold medals in 30 minutes, I don’t think it’s possible to have a better feel-
burgh Penguins (won)and Fleury’s teammate Sidney Crosby (lost), Hamelin pre-
ing than that”, he laughed.
pared for his big moment.
St-Gelais joked that Hamelin views himself as a 1,000-meter specialist but
And when it came, he was ready.
given his world championship and Olympic title in the 500, “maybe he’ll stop
kidding himself now”. Hamelin is known for his freakishly powerful legs, singular Said former national short-track teammate Mathieu Turcotte: “After seeing
ability to focus and his extreme competitiveness — ask his teammates about how fast he was in the quarterfinals of the 500 meters, 1 had no doubt he
playing the video games Call of Duty or NHL 2010 with him, or the hockey pool was going to win”.
that he has a habit of winning.
That he did, twice rather than once.
But away from the ice Hamelin is an aw-shucks type of guy, with a bashful smile.
“A great night” he said, sparks dancing in his eyes and grinning, as he exited a
“At home he’s still just the goofy Charles, he’s into his video games and things post-race news conference, his bubble dissipated for good.
like that”, St-Gelais said before the Olympics. “He’s actually quite shy, he doesn’t
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

142 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Short track 143

GLOSSARY Make the final Be among the finalists

Bell lap Предпоследний круг (отмечаемый ударом колокола) Went out too fast Gain too much speed at the start

Short-track Шорт-трек — бег на коньках по укороченной дорожке

Speed skater Конькобежец QUESTIONS


Arena-side padding Покрытие вокруг ледовой арены • What did Charles Hamelin tell the journalists after the 500-meter heats?

Heat Забег • How did the team leader describe his emotions?

Team leader Руководитель команды • How long did it take Charles to win two gold medals?

Quarterfinals Четвертьфинал • How does his girlfriend characterize Hamelin when he is away from the ice?

Word combinations and phrases • What image of the Olympics did he manage to wipe away with his two gold medals?

Make a pass Make a breakthrough • Why did Charles and his brother finish only fourth and fifth at the 1,000-meter distance seven
days later?
Bring it home Take the lead
• What was Mathieu Turcotte’s forecast regarding Hamelin’s performance?
Feel focused Feel ready for the competition

Pop out Go out to compete

Usain Bolt Jamaican track and field sprinter, five-time World


and three-time Olympic gold medallist

Rounding the track Going around the track

Freakishly powerful legs Unusually strong legs

Aw-shucks type of a guy Shy man

Wiped away an Olympics Destroyed the image of the Olympics

Sub-par performance Results below the average

Was never favoured to win Never had the privilege of winning

Home-soil gold Gold medal won at home


Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

144 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Short track 145

ARTICLE

WOMEN’S SHORT-TRACK TEAM

The Olympics are fun and all, but the women of Canada’s short-track speed- Gregg spoke to the schools a few weeks before leaving for Vancouver (“It was
skating relay squad are already looking forward to another marquee event: amazing, a gym full of kids chanting my name”, she said) and promised to return
a girls’ ski trip to the French Alps next month. to tell them about her Olympic experience. The 21-year-old, whose brother Jamie
skated in long-track speed skating at the Olympics, brings home a silver; she also
The occasion is to celebrate the retirement of 34-year old Tania Vicent, the old- finished a heartbreaking fourth in the 500, but scored an impressive seventh in the
est female short-tracker at the 2010 Games. 1,000 meters — not her best distance, and a race for which she hadn’t really trained.
The four-time Olympic medallist will call time on her career after the forthcom- “I mean, just to go in the first place, and then experiencing this [relay silver], it’s
ing world championships in Bormio, Italy, coincidentally, her favorite World Cup just been incredible”, Gregg said.
destination.
Kalyna Roberge, the mercurial 23-year-old from Saint-Étienne-de-Lauzon, Que.,
“The whole gang of us girls is going to do some skiing in Chamonix after, just desperately wanted an individual medal to go along with relay medals from
to give you an example of how close and united we are, after all that time to- 2006 and 2010, but it wasn’t in the cards.
gether, we’re going skiing”, Vicent said shortly after her last Olympic event, a
disqualification in 1,000-meter semi-finals. Injuries slowed her preparations in 2009, and it showed at the Olympics, where
she fell short of the final in all three distances she raced.
That race won’t figure prominently in Vicent’s top Olympic memories, but the silver
medal she won with her teammates in the 3,000-meter women’s relay surely will. “I lost a lot in 2009, physically and psychologically, so 2010 is my year to get
back up”, said the pixieish Roberge, who suffered a debilitating back injury late
The Canadian national team selectors opted for youth in Vancouver — the oth- in 2008.
er members of the women’s squad are 23, 21, 20 and 19 — and while they
weren’t quite strong enough to challenge the mighty Chinese and South Kore- Not that she considers her Vancouver experience disappointing.
ans for gold, they haven’t fired their final salvo.
“I met a little boy named Sebastian through Children’s Wish foundation”, she
Though Vicent won’t be around in four years time in Sochi, there’s every chance said. “His wish was to meet me and see me race. That’s my medal too”.
the rest of the squad will be.
A self-described country girl, Roberge and her boyfriend are planning to build
The 20-year-old who led off the relay, 500-meter silver medallist Marianne St- a horse farm near Quebec City, and while she’s making no promises about her
Gelais of Saint-Félicien, Que., is likely to be a fixture for years to come. future, it’s expected she’ll continue skating through 2014.
It’s been a remarkable 12 month for St-Gelais, who in an interview last winter – Valerie Maltais, a 19-year-old from La Baie, Que., skated in the Olympic qualify-
she was taping a television vignette as part of a series on Canadian winter ing races but didn’t see the ice in the big event and won’t have a medal as a
athletes — suggested her target was 2014 Olympics, not Vancouver. memento from her first Games. But now she knows what to expect from the
Games. Having also raced In the 1,500 meters, she remains one of Canada’s
“I couldn’t have wished for anything more”, St-Gelais said of her first Olympics. bright hopes for the future.
Edmonton’s Jessica Gregg will also have a story or two to tell a group of school “She’s got so much talent”, said Vicent, who also knows the ache of not racing
kids from her hometown — and at a second school in Ponoka, Alta.– when she in the relay final.
gets back from Games.
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

146 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Short track 147

As her teammates look ahead, Vicent said she’s looking forward to starting а a Be a fixture Be a person (or object) firmly fixed in place
family and spending more time with her boyfriend, — “the athlete’s life is a self-
ish one”. But she has no regrets as she exits the Olympic stage. was taping a television vignette Was a central figure of a TV episode

“I’ve had a great life, and I’ve loved my life, but now I’m going to have to go on
to something else”, she said. scored an impressive seventh Finished the seventh, though hadn’t counted
on that

GLOSSARY it wasn’t in the cards She wasn’t destined for it

Speed-skating relay Эстафетная команда по скоростному бегу на коньках


she fell short of the final She didn’t enter the list of finalists
squad
Шорт-трекер — спортсмен, выступающий на соревнованиях memento from her first Games Souvenir of the first Games she took part in
Short-tracker
по шорт-треку
big event Major competition such as the Olympics of
Four-time Olympic Четырехкратный призер Олимпийских игр World Championships
medallist
ache of not racing in the relay final Not reaching the final relay race which is
Дисквалификация в полуфинальном забеге на 1000 м
Disqualification in the really painful
1,000-meter semi-finals
Товарищ по команде
Teammate
Эстафета на 3000 м среди женщин
QUESTIONS
3,000-meter
• What is the name of a marquee event the women of the Canadian short-track speed-skating relay
women’s relay
Скоростной бег на коньках на длинные дистанции squad are looking forward to?

Long-track speed
• Where will it take place?
skating Квалификационный забег

• What teams were the main rivals of the Canada’s team at the Olympics?
Qualifying race
• Is Tania Vicent going to take part in the Sochi Olympic Winter Games?

Word combinations and phrases • What impression did the athlete starting the relay have of her first Olympics?

Marquee event Memorable and entertaining event


• What was Jessica Gregg engaged in before leaving for Vancouver?

Call time on one’s career Complete one’s career


• Why did Kalyna Roberge fall short of the final in all three distances she raced?

Haven’t fired their final salvo Haven’t said their last word in this sport
• What did she believe to be her Olympic medal?

Lead off the relay Make the first lap of the relay
• Is she expected to continue skating through 2014?

Heart-breaking fourth in the 500 The fourth place at 500-meter distance which
• What can you say about one of Canada’s bright hopes for the future in short-track?
could break the athlete’s heart
Skeleton
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

150 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Skeleton 151

ARTICLE

SPECTATOR’S GUIDE

THE RACES STARTING ORDER

In skeleton, there are separate racing disciplines for men and women. In World Since the ice becomes rougher as the competition progresses, it is an advan-
Cup competitions, two heats are held over one day in each event. At the Olym- tage to be among the first to go down the track. To determine which sliders get
pics and World Championships (held annually except in the Olympic year), four the best start positions, a seeding system is in place to reward the top sliders
heats are held over two days. The athlete with the lowest combined time in all based on their previous results.
events is the winner. There are also America Cup and Europe Cup race series, the
development level circuits for the newer sliders. These races allow the athletes to At the first World Cup competition of each season, the final results from the previ-
gain experience and earn the qualifications needed to compete at the World Cup ous season apply, with groups of ten allocated on the basis of World Cup results.
and World Championships levels. In addition to the senior World Championships, From these groups, there is a draw made to determine the actual starting order
athletes under the age of 23 can compete in the Junior World Championships. within each group. For the remainder of the season, the starting groups for the
draws are based on the updated, current World Cup results as follows: Group I —
START TIMES 1 to 10; Group II — 11 to 20; Group III — 21 to 30; Group IV – 31 and up.

Start time — the time it takes the sled to travel the first 50 meters down the At the Olympics, athletes are seeded into groups of 10 based on the final World
track — is the most critical part of the race. Without a competitive start — at Cup standings for the season, again using the same ten sled groupings.
least within a tenth of a second of the fastest — a medal finish is next to im-
possible. RANKING

As a rule of thumb, a tenth of a second lead at the start translates into a In World Cup competition, medals are awarded to the top three rankings, and
3/10ths of a second advantage by the bottom of the course. recognition awards for placing fourth through sixth. In addition, points are
awarded to the top-30 finishers in each World Cup race, which leads to the
Top skeleton sliders are looking for maximum power and acceleration as they awarding of World Cup Titles in each of the disciplines; won by those accumulat-
push their sled from a standing start, with the first 50-meters typically covered ing the most points over the full season. At the World Championships, medals
in about five seconds while reaching speeds of over 40 km/h. are awarded to the top three positions in each of the events.

DRIVING TRACKS

Once the athlete has loaded at the start, they must then steer the sled through Skeleton races historically took place on natural-ice tracks. Today however, most
twisting, high-speed turns and straight-aways where top speeds can reach over competition takes place on tracks with an artificial ice surface. A notable excep-
135 km/h. Steering is done by shoulder and leg “manipulations” of the sled, tion is the natural-ice track in St. Moritz which is a regular stop on the World Cup
which in turn cause the runner contact to change the sled direction. Steer too circuit. Most tracks are about 1 500 meters long and all have unique characteris-
hard and the sled will skid, losing valuable time. Steer too little and the sled tics and varying degrees of difficulty. All courses drop a minimum specified verti-
is at the mercy of the track, causing slow times at best, and a crash at worst. cal distance and feature numerous banked curves from top to bottom.

Skeleton sliders often talk of the “feel” they need to have to race well and the sense THE SLED
they develop of when to let the sled run and when to steer. Just as downhill skiers
try different lines to find the quickest way down a slope, so too do skeleton drivers The skeleton sled is a low profile, but heavy sled, with a fiberglass “pod” which pro-
study every twist and turn on a track to figure out the fastest way to the finish. vides the aerodynamics to the lower part, mounted onto a steel chassis/frame.
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

152 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Skeleton 153

The sled “runs” on two highly polished steel runners. The runners are mounted Fédération Международная федерация бобслея и тобоггана (FIBT)
such that the “bow” can be controlled, which assists in the steering of the sled. Internationale de
There are no brakes on a skeleton sled, so the athlete and sled will stop by Bobsleigh et de
decelerating in the braking stretch and sometimes they will have either “fresh Tobogganing (FIBT)
snow” or foam pads in the track to assist with the braking.
Helmet Шлем
The temperature of the steel runners is taken electronically immediately prior to
each race heat. Heating of the runners is illegal. At the finish line, the sled and
Skin-tight Облегающая одежда гонщика
athlete are weighed to ensure that they are below the maximum weight. To place
racing uniform
all competitors on an equal footing, sleds are standardized according to specifica-
tions set by the Fédération Internationale de Bobsleigh et de Toboganning (FIBT).
Stretch material Эластичный материал

EQUIPMENT
Racing shoes Обувь гонщика
Skeleton athletes wear alpine racing type helmets and skin-tight racing uni-
forms made from a stretch material. Racing shoes are similar to track spikes, Track spikes Шиповки велосипедиста
for traction on the ice. Athletes will wear either goggles or face shields, while
some riders wear elbow and shoulder padding over their racing suits. Goggles Защитные очки

GLOSSARY Face shield Маска

Heat Заезд Elbow and Защитные локтевые и плечевые щитки


shoulder padding
Steer a sled Управлять санями/скелетоном
Word combinations and phrases
Skid Вилять
Two runs are made in one day
Two heats are held over one day
Draw Жеребьевка
It is practically impossible to win a medal
Medal finish is next to impossible
Recognition award Диплом или памятный подарок
Rough and practical approach based on experi-
Rule of thumb
Decelerate Замедлять скорость ence rather than theory

Foam pad Пенопластовый настил Be at the mercy of the track Obey the power of the track

World Cup circuit Круг соревнований Кубка мира Seeding system Preliminary ranking used in arranging a sports
tournament so that the best athletes or teams
Steel runners Стальные полозья do not meet until later in the competition

Bow Передний изгиб полозьев


Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

154 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Skeleton 155

QUESTIONS ARTICLE
• What races allow athletes to gain experience in skeleton?

CANADA’S MELLISSA HOLLINGSWORTH WINS


• What is the start time and why is it so important in skeleton?
BRONZE MEDAL AT SKELETON
WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP
• How is sled steering performed?
Mellisa Hollingsworth capped off the post-Olympic season by winning the bronze
• How are athletes seeded for the Olympics? medal at the skeleton World Championships in Konigssee, Germany on Saturday.

• To how many rankings are medals awarded? The 30-year-old Hollingsworth put down the third fastest time of the opening heat,
and held onto her position for the next three runs staged over two days, to slide
• Where did skeleton races historically take place? onto the World Championship podium for just the second time of her illustrious
career after clocking a time of 3:29.74. The only other World Championship podium
• Are all skeleton tracks made of artificial ice nowadays? result for the 2006 Olympic bronze medallist came in 2000 in Igls, Austria.

• Describe a skeleton sled


“I am super happy. I did my work, maintained my focus and I got the job done.
It is such a tricky track. You have to be bang on or there are severe conse-
• What kind of equipment do skeleton racers wear?
quences,” said Hollingsworth, who had her fastest time on the final trip down
the track. “Shelley Rudman was putting a lot of pressure on me, and that was a
really good test in where I have struggled in the past holding onto the podium
position in the final run. This is my first World Championship medal in 11 years
so it is nice to have that breakthrough”.

Hollingsworth joined two German athletes on the podium. Marion Thees cap-
tured the World Championship title with a time of3:28.51, while Anja Huber slid
to the silver medal at 3:29.39.

The World Championships put a sweet ending to a difficult season for Holling-
sworth, who also helped Canada win a bronze medal in the team event last
weekend. Battling a nagging foot injury all season which prevented her from
regular training, Hollingsworth mustered two silvers and a bronze-medal finish
on the World Cup in 2010 — 2011 where she finished third overall.

“I went an entire season without being able to sprint, and considering I’m a
sprinter, that is tough to deal with”, said Hollingsworth, who said the injury
prevented her from having her top fitness all season. “Considering the circum-
stances, I am really happy with this year”.

Two other Canadian women also finished in thetop-10. Amy Gough, of Abbots-
ford, B.C., finished seventh at 3:30.99, while Calgary’s Darla Deschamps placed
eighth at 3:31.21. Canada was given an additional spot in the World Champion-
ships thanks to Robynne Thompson’s victory earlier this month at the World Junior
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

156 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Skeleton 157

Skeleton Championships. The 19-year-old Calgariantook full advantage of the op- Word combinations and phrases
portunity, posting an impressive 11th-place finish with a four-run time of 3:33.14.
You have to be bang on Your performance must be perfect
The world’s best men wrapped up their four-run race on Friday. Olympic gold
medallist, Jon Montgomery, led the way for Canada with an 11th-place finish.
Battling a nagging foot injury Trying to overcome and annoying foot trauma
The Russell, Man. native finished with a time of3:27.66.

“It was not a great race, but I feel I could have been at least five places higher Having her top fitness Being in her best shape

with one more decent exit out of the Krieselcorner”, said Montgomery, who got
too high in the corner on his third run down the track. “I was within inches of Got too high in the corner Lost time on entering a turn

having a great line, but I was not playing it conservative. Sometimes it pays off
and sometimes you pay the price, and this time I paid dearly”. Within inches of having a great line Very close to the optimum trajectory of the sled

Latvia’s Martins Dukers won the men’s race with a time of 3:23.70. Russia’s Rookie season Junior’s season
Alexander Tretiakov grabbed the silver at 3:25.44, while Germany’s Frank Rom-
mel slid to the bronze with a time of 3:25.68.
QUESTIONS
Toronto’s Mike Douglas finished 13th at 3:28.07, while Calgary’s John Fairbairn
wrapped up his rookie season with a 15th-placeresult (3:28.42). • How did Melissa Hollingsworth perform in Germany?

The World Championships wrap up on Sunday in Konigssee, Germany with the • How did she characterize the Königssee track?
final two runs of the men’s four-man race.
• Who was the competitor that put a lot of pressure on Melissa?
Bobsleigh CANADA Skeleton is a non-profit organization and the national govern-
ing body for the sports of bobsleigh and skeleton in Canada. With the support of
• What prevented the athlete from regular training and from gaining her top level of fitness during
its valued corporate partners — VISA, Dow Chemical, Adidas, Schenker Canada —
the season?
along with the Government of Canada, Canadian Olympic Committee and Own
the Podium, Bobsleigh CANADA Skeleton develops Olympic and world champions.
• What were the results of other members of the Canadian team at the Skeleton

GLOSSARY World Championship?

Cap off Увенчать • How did Jon Montgomery describe his performance on track?

Opening heat Первый заезд • What can you say about Bobsleigh Canada Skeleton?

Final run Последний заезд

Tricky track Коварная трасса

Team event Командное соревнование

Wrap up Завершить

Non-profit organization Некоммерческая организация


Ski jumping
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

160 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Ski jumping 161

ARTICLE

SKI JUMPING — THE TECHNIQUES INVOLVED

Ski jumping as a sport is constantly gaining a wide degree of popularity. The Sigmund Ruud and Jacob Tullin Thams. As a part of this technique, the ski jumpers
two geographical regions of the world wherein the maximum popularity has were required to extend their arms towards the front, lean in a forward manner and
been felt for this sport are Central Europe and Scandinavia. The most popular they were also required to bend the upper part of their body close to their hip. In
and the ski jumpers of world class are known to come from Japan. Several at- this technique, the skis were required to be maintained in a parallel direction to each
tempts have been made in order to add to the popularity of sport. The efforts other. By using this technique, it was possible to increase the jumping length from
were made to encourage the upkeep as well as the construction of the different 45 meters to even more than 100 meters. Later, the Kongsberger technique was
venues of competition with respect to this sport. modified and as a part of this modified technique, the arms were placed in a back-
ward direction in the direction of the hips with an objective of achieving a closer lean.
There are different techniques that play an important role as far as the sport of
ski jumping is concerned. Broadly speaking, four main sections are a part of the GLOSSARY
sport of ski jumping. These sections include in-run section, take-off or jumping
section, flight section and finally the landing section. There are certain specific In-run section Гора/зона/дорожка разгона (название наклонной плоскости, по ко-
techniques which have to be paid particular attention by the athlete in each торой лыжник спускается, чтобы набрать скорость перед прыжком)
and every section so that it is possible for the athlete to ensure that he is able
to achieve the maximum outcome related to both style marks as well as the Take-off/jumping section Стол отрыва/прыжковая зона
ultimate length while indulging in the sport of ski jumping.
Flight section Зона полета
Skiers have not started making use of the contemporary technique called V-tech-
nique. Jan Boklov, who belonged to Sweden, was the first person to pioneer this Landing section(outrun) Выкат — плоский участок в нижней части трамплина, где лыж-
technique in the year 1985. The objective of making use of this technique is to ники снижают скорость и останавливаются
ensure that the skiers are able to achieve a take-off hill distance that is actually
greater than the one which could be achieved by the previous techniques where Style marks Оценки за технику
the use of parallel skis was being made. In fact, the increase that the skiers were
able to achieve as a result of this technique was almost 10 per cent greater than V-technique V-образное положение — положение спортсмена во время
the height that could be possibly achieved as a result of the previous techniques. (V-style/V-position) полета. В этом положении концы лыж сведены, в то время как
носки разведены в форме латинской буквы «V»
One of the factors that hold great importance with respect to contemporary
skiing is Aerodynamics. This factor is increasingly becoming important because Parallel skis Параллельное положение лыж
of the new rules and regulation that have been associated with ski jumping
suits. Some of the loopholes have also been identified as a part of these rules Ski jumping suit Комбинезон — облегающая одежда прыгуна с трамплина с
which have found to benefit the jumpers who are skinny in their physique. регулируемой толщиной и воздухонепроницаемостью

The techniques that were made use of by the ski jumpers in the earlier times in-
Loophole Лазейка
cluded techniques like Kongsberg technique. This technique is so called because
the location where this technique was first formulated is Kongsberg. There were
Kongsberg Technique/ Стиль Конгсберга
two ski jumpers who were actually devised this technique. These ski jumpers were
Kongsberger
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

162 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Ski jumping 163

Word combinations and phrases ARTICLE


Upkeep as well as the construction Maintaining the existing and building new facili-
of the different venues of ties for ski jumping
competition
SKI JUMPING ESSENTIALS
Take-off hill distance that is actually Distance from the slope is increased, so, the
greater jump is stretched “The real risk of the thing, which is also the reward, is being able to fly”, says
former Canadian ski jumper Ron Richards.
Skinny in their physique Thin/lacking in flesh
The risk-reward equation is a defining element of ski jumping. The jumper must
With an objective of achieving Which was aimed at bending the body lower achieve a speed of roughly 90 km/h going down the ramp. He must snap his
a closer lean over the skis skis upward and lean forward upon takeoff, shifting his centre of gravity ahead,
stretching long and steady towards his ski tips. The right form will give him
flight itself — lasting and exhilarating.
QUESTIONS The alternative is to ski down the ramp, drop off the edge and maintain an up-
right position while falling along, as opposed to flying above, the contour of the
• What are the regions where ski jumping has gained the most popularity?
hill a la Eddie (The Eagle) Edwards.
• What are the main sections of a ski jumping venue? Qualifying standards have been raised since Edwards became the unlikeliest
superstar of the 1988 Calgary Olympics, and there is now a more even repre-
• Who was the pioneer of the so called V-technique? sentation of skill. But Edwards’ jumps proved that even a poorly executed jump
could be, undeniably, inspiring.
• How is the V-technique different from previous techniques?
EVENTS, THE K-POINT, AND JUDGING
• Why is the factor of aerodynamics becoming important in ski jumping?
Ski jumping is judged on both technical and stylistic merit, like figure skating
• Describe the ski jumping style most widely used before V-technique. but usually without the controversies and theatrics. It’s not simply a contest of
distance, but also one of finesse and form.
• Who was that style devised by?
The three ski jumping events are the 90-meter individual (also called the K90
or normal hill), the 120m individual (also called the K120 or large hill), and the
four-person team event held on the large hill. In all three events, each athlete
performs two jumps.

Equaling the height of the hill from takeoff, the K-point is the target area for
the ski jumper. A jump to the K-point is worth 60 points, with additional points
added or subtracted for each meter beyond or before this marker.

The style marks are more subjective. A panel of five judges evaluates the posi-
tion of the skis and body, balance in the air, the correction of errors, and landing
in the telemark position (down on one knee, with one ski in front of the other
and the arms stretched outward).
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

164 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Ski jumping 165

Judges will automatically give a score of zero for a fall on the ramp, which is In a good run, the jumper becomes weightless. “It’s like watching a Frisbee fly-
called the in-run. The highest and lowest scores are discarded, giving the skier a ing”, Richards explains. “You know when it floats, and it bobs up and down and
maximum of 60 style marks to strive for. then it just hovers — it’s kind of like that feeling”.

LEARNING TO FLY OPTIMIZING THEIR SKIS AND BODIES

Putting together a good jump is an exercise in dexterity and confidence. “It’s Knowing their skis better than anyone else, jumpers perform their own ski prep-
wide open, and it happens so fast, too”, says Richards. “When it’s your turn to aration. Between jumps, the skier brushes hot wax and powders on the skis to
go, you’ve got the mountain to yourself, so you’ve got to let it happen”. optimize the speed they can get on the in-run.

The ski jumper must try to maintain the speed he picks up travelling down the Tall and thin is the ideal body type for a ski jumper. Long legs allow for extended
in-run. The jumpers use their leg power to propel them into an aerodynamic po- power strokes going down the in-run. Jumpers work with weights in order to
sition to decrease resistance upon takeoff for the maximum thrust into the air. develop mass and convert slow-twitch fibres into fast-twitch fibres.

But to stay aloft, the skier must work with the speed and the wind, floating on “When you go down at 90 kilometers an hour, that takeoff is coming pretty
the air. Usually, the jumper will stay airborne for roughly four to five seconds, quick, so you have to have fast reaction time, and you have to be able to gener-
never more than a few meters above the slope. ate that power in a hurry in one area”, Richards says.

“You’re trying to carry your speed, push with your legs and keep your centre of Leg strength and speed are crucial, considering a late jump can nullify as much
gravity moving forward”, describes Richards. as 50 per cent of one’s jumping power.

“Then get into an aerodynamic position so you can actually fly using Bernoulli’s
principle, where air goes slower over the top and faster underneath”. GLOSSARY
The skier must also pull up his toes and keep his skis in a V-shaped position. For Ski jumping Прыжки на лыжах с трамплина — дисциплина лыжного
decades, ski jumpers kept their skis parallel during their flight. But in the 1980s, спорта, включающая прыжки на лыжах со специально
they discovered that with their skis in a V-shaped position allowed for more lift оборудованных трамплинов. Выступает как самостоятель-
from air currents coursing underneath, thus keeping the jumper airborne longer ная дисциплина, а также входит в программу лыжного
and stretching out the jump. While the form might look awkward and counter- двоеборья. Задача спортсменов заключается в том, чтобы
intuitive, it actually comes quite naturally. совершить максимально длинный прыжок. Помимо длины
прыжка, оценивается техника его исполнения. В програм-
HEAD WINDS AND TAIL WINDS му Олимпийских игр входят три вида соревнований среди
мужчин: личное первенство на среднем трамплине, личное
Air pressure conditions are closely monitored with speed meters and skiers are первенство на большом трамплине и командные соревнова-
held at the top of the in-run until precisely the right moment to ensure uniform- ния. В 2011 году МОК принял решение о включении женских
ity in competition. That said, these forces of nature are the variable that can соревнований по прыжкам на лыжах с трамплина в програм-
make or break a jump. му Олимпийских зимних игр 2014 года в Сочи

Tailwinds are the enemy — they don’t propel the jumper further, they sink him.
Essentials Зд.: основные характеристики
When the wind is blowing from behind, the ski jumper moves with the currents.
This can be like jumping into a vacuum because there is no wind resistance to
Ramp/in-run Гора/зона/дорожка разгона (название наклонной плоскости,
ride and float on. Headwinds, on the other hand, will lift and carry the skier, as
по которой лыжник спускается, чтобы набрать скорость
headwinds help an airplane gain altitude. Crosswinds, because of their varying
перед прыжком)
directions and speeds, can unsettle a ski jumper in the air.
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

166 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Ski jumping 167

Takeoff Стол отрыва — место на горе разгона, откуда лыжник соверша- FIS (Fédération Международная федерация лыжного спорта (FIS)
ет прыжок, вытягивая верхнюю часть тела вперед над лыжами Internationale de SKI)

Eddie (the Eagle) Эдди Эдвардс (р. 1963) по прозвищу «Орел», живая «леген- FIS Ski Jumping Кубок Мира FIS по прыжкам на лыжах с трамплина
Edwards да» прыжков с трамплина, участник Олимпийских зимних игр World Cup
1988 г. в Калгари. Этот английский штукатур прославился
тем, что совсем не умел прыгать и на крупных соревнованиях Keep skis in Держать лыжи в V-образном положении
(как ему удавалось отобраться на них — для публики загадка) a V-shaped position
редко поднимался выше последнего места. Однако зрители
до отказа заполняли трибуны стадионов, чтобы позабавиться Tailwind Попутный ветер
его внешним видом и нелепой манерой прыжков
Headwind Встречный ветер
Qualifying standards Квалификационные нормы
Gain altitude Набирать высоту
K-point Точка К (расстояние от стола отрыва, которое равняется
длине (мощности) трамплина, на соревнованиях по прыжкам Crosswind Боковой ветер
на лыжах с трамплина. Судьи используют эту линию при
начислении баллов за дальность прыжка. Для большого трам- Bob up Подпрыгивать
плина критическая точка составляет 125 м; для среднего (или
малого Олимпийского) трамплина — 95 м) Hover Парить в воздухе

Finesse Изящество Slow-/fast-twitch fiber Медленно/быстросокращающиеся волокна


(типы мышечных волокон)
К-90(95) Средний (малый Олимпийский трамплин)

Word combinations and phrases


К-120(125) Большой трамплин
Risk-reward equation Business term, also applied to ski jumping, used to
Team event Командные соревнования по прыжкам на лыжах с трамплина. compare the expected return to the amount of risk
Проводятся на большом трамплине. Команды состоят из че-
тырех человек. Соревнования проходят в два этапа: первый Snap skis upward Abruptly raise ski tips
и второй прыжок. В финал выходят 8 команд, получивших са-
мые высокие оценки по итогам первого прыжка. Победителем Right form will give him flight itself Taking the right position after takeoff he will
соревнования становится команда, набравшая максимальное actually be able to fly
количество баллов за все восемь прыжков
Unlikeliest superstar
Superstar unlike any other
Panel of judges Судейская коллегия
Like figure skating but usually
Without arguments and exaggerated emotions
without the controversies and
Telemark position Положение «телемарк»/«разножка» — положение при при- as opposed to figure skating
theatrics
землении во время выполнения прыжка с трамплина. Ноги
слегка согнуты, одна лыжа чуть выдвинута вперед; руки рас-
Style marks are more subjective Marks for style are more emotional and prejudiced
ставлены выше плеч для сохранения равновесия
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

168 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Ski jumping 169

Highest and lowest scores are Total score is defined on three medium ARTICLE
discarded marks basis

Decrease resistance upon takeoff Lessen the air pressure at the jump start
MATTI HAUTAMAEKI:
Thrust into the air Forceful drive of a jump “IT WILL GET A LOT BETTER”

Stay aloft Stay airborne After the retirement of Janne Ahonen, Matti Hautamaeki is now the most experi-
enced jumper and the key figure in the Finnish team. The 29-year-old from Kuopio
Bernoulli principle Physics principle applied to flights reads as fol- already competes in the World Cup since 1997 and celebrated a total of 16 victo-
lows: air pressure decreases with ries. Last season he was by far the best Finn, as eighth in the overall World Cup.
increasing velocity
Some of his biggest successes in individual competitions were winning the
bronze medal at the 2002 Olympics in Salt Lake City and Silver at the Games
Counter-intuitive Paradoxical
in Torino four years later. He also won the Silver medal with the Finnish team
2002 and 2006. Hautamaeki was also successful at Nordic World Champion-
Watching a Frisbee disc flying Looking at a light plastic disc thrown with
ships where he could win a total of four medals — 1 Gold and 3 Silver.
a spinning motion and soaring in the air
At the end of the 2004/05 season he could win six World Cup competitions in a
row. As a part of this winning streak he won all four competitions of the Nordic
Tournament and is the only jumper who could achieve that “Grand Slam”.
QUESTIONS In an interview with FISskijumping.com the former ski flying world record holder
spoke about the situation of the Finnish team and his motivation for the future.
• Why do you think risk reward equation is a defining element of ski jumping?
FIS ski jumping: You decided to continue your career for another year. What
were the important factors for this decision and what are your goals for the
• What is the right position of a ski jumper?
upcoming season?
• What sensation can the right form give an athlete? Hautamaeki: Working with Pekka Niemelae, Ville Kantee and Gatsch Hofer gave
me a lot of motivation for the future. In addition to that I had a good season
• What events are held in ski jumping? again after many bad years. So I decided to continue at least for one more winter.
FIS ski jumping: Now that you mentioned it: Gatsch Hofer, who should set
• Describe the system of evaluating ski jumps.
new accents concerning the equipment, left the team again after only one
season. How could you benefit from working with him?
• What is the telemark position?
Hautamaeki: Working with Gatsch was great and I benefited a lot from it. He
• Why is skis V-shaped position more effective for ski jumping? has great ideas and I was very open to try new things and experiment. I think
that at the end it paid off.
• What are the ways of skis and body optimization?
FIS ski jumping: How did you spend your time since the end of last season?
Hautamaeki: At first I did nothing and just relaxed. Then the training started again
and this time it’s very stressful for me. I’m trying to build a house and train at the
same time. I guess you can say that I work around the clock at the moment.
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

170 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Ski jumping 171

FIS ski jumping: There are more Summer Grand Prix competitions this year. BMI-rule Правило расчета индекса массы тела (ИМТ) (изменение индекса
How important are these events for you? Can you already tell in how many по решению FIS в 2011 году привело к снижению на 1% длины
competitions you will participate or do you prefer to train individually? передней части лыж и установке креплений на 2-3 см ближе)
Hautamaeki: The Summer Grand Prix is not important for me, it never was. May- Mixed competitions Смешанные соревнования (мужчин и женщин)
be I will take part in one competition, probably not more. I definitely focus on the
winter. Right now I’m really too busy to take part in the Summer Grand Prix. Jury Жюри/судейская коллегия

FIS ski jumping: Will anything change for you next winter because of the new
BMI-rule that was just resolved by the FIS?
Word combinations and phrases
Hautamaeki: No, I’m still too fat for that (smiles).
Was by far the best Was unconditionally the best
FIS ski jumping: What is your opinion concerning the mixed competitions to-
gether with the ladies? Six World Cup competitions in a row Six successive World Cups

Hautamaeki: I think it’s positive. This will add even more zest to the winter, so Ski flying world record holder World record holder in ski jumping

why not? It paid off Turned out to be effective

FIS ski jumping: The Finnish team is having difficult times right now. After Work around the clock Work day and night
the career end of Janne Ahonen and Harri Olli and the bad luck with injuries
of Larinto and Happonen the team results were not really good last season. This will add more zest to the winter This will increase the excitement and interest to
winter sports
What can we expect in the future?
Hautamaeki: I think it will get a lot better again. Ville Larinto and Janne Happo- Will get 100% in shape again Will fully regain form

nen will get 100 % in shape again this summer and some of the young athletes On the right path Steadily improving skills
are also on the right path. If there won’t be any major success next winter, then
definitely in the next.
FIS ski jumping: Occasionally you write a pretty detailed blog on your web-
QUESTIONS
site www.mattihautamaki.fi. How important is it for you to tell your view of
• Which of Matti Hautamaeki’s successes provide him with the reputation of the most experi-
things to the readers? Is this a possibility to also make the voice of the ath-
enced jumper on the Finnish team?
letes heard towards the jury?
• How many World Cup competitions in a row did he win in the 2004/2005 season?
Hautamaeki: I can’t really answer that exactly. First of all I do it for fun, but
I also have to admit that it can have a therapeutic function to write everything • Why did he decide to continue his career for at least another year?
down the way you experience it.
• What did he say about working with Gatsch Hofer?

• How important are Summer Grand Prix competitions for him?


GLOSSARY • What is his opinion of planned mixed competitions together with the ladies?
Overall World cup Общий зачет Кубка мира
• How does he comment on his writing a pretty detailed blog?
Nordic World Чемпионат мира по лыжным видам спорта (в рамках чемпио-
Championships ната проводятся соревнования по прыжкам на лыжах с трам-
плина, лыжным гонкам и лыжному двоеборью)

Grand Slam Большой Шлем — серия самых важных ежегодных турниров


Snowboarding
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

174 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Snowboarding 175

ARTICLE

MIKE ROBERTSON

After Mike Robertson finished second in a thrilling Olympic final in men’s snow- What Robertson does enjoy is rock climbing, mountain biking and chilling with
board cross, he faced reporters who wanted to know why he lost the gold. his girlfriend. He also loves to snowboard.

“I won a silver medal today”, he responded, sounding irritated. Every four years, Coming into the Games, he said few people expected him to win. Which suits
the Olympics shine a massive spotlight on athletes who compete and train all him just fine.
year in relative obscurity. So what may not have been obvious was that Robert-
son had not only won silver when it really counted, but he actually performed “I’ve always really been the underdog on the team”, he said h silver run.
beyond expectations.
The title of Olympic silver medallist might change that, he said, although he
At 24, this was Robertson’s first Games. He was beaten on the final stretch would prefer if it didn’t. “I just try not to think of [the pressure], and try not to
of the course by American veteran and two-time gold medallist, Seth Wescott, let it bother me cause it’s still at the end of the day, not life or death or anything
whom Tim Milne, Robertson’s coach, has called “maybe the best who’s ever like that”, he said, laughing.
participated in the sport”.
“I’m not the president of the United States, running the world. Yeah, I try not
He had stood on the podium no other time this season. He came into the Games to let it bother me”.
ranked 10th. All day long at Cypress Mountain, he shot out of the start qate so
quickly that Wescott, the gold medallist, said he knew he would have to try and
catch him from behind, which he eventually did by soaring over a jump perfectly, GLOSSARY
when Robertson, who had been flawless the entire race, made a small mistake. Underdog Аутсайдер

After he won silver, Robertson’s parents stood in the bleachers, taking pictures
Snowboard cross Сноуборд-кросс — один из видов соревнований по сноубор-
and wiping away tears.
ду, включенных в Олимпийскую программу. Соревнование

His father, Jim Robertson, later complained to reporters that his son wasn’t с одновременным стартом 4 спортсменов, которые преодо-

getting as much attention as he deserved. левают извилистую трассу с препятствиями в виде снежных
бугров (могулов) и трамплинов. Побеждает тот, кто первым
Part of the reason could be blamed simply on timing: Robertson won silver the пришел к финишу
day after Alexandre Bilodeau and the day before Maelle Rickerwon Canada’s
first two golds by a Canadian man and woman, respectively, on home soil. Final stretch Последний отрезок трассы
of the course
Another part may be Robert-son’s personality. He’s low-key. He’s a workhorse
on the hill. Unlike some of the big names in snowboard — like Sbaun White or Jump (ski jump/ Трамплин
the affable Wescott — who crack jokes or tell colourful anecdotes, Robertson jumping hill)
does not court the media or have his own web-site.
Bleachers Места на открытой трибуне
After his race, when asked by reporters what he wanted to say to his friends
and family back home in Canmore, Alta., he simply said: “Hello!” Low-key Неброский, сдержанный
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

176 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Snowboarding 177

Snowboard Сноуборд — одна из дисциплин лыжного спорта, заклю- QUESTIONS


чающаяся в спуске с заснеженных склонов на специальном
снаряде – сноуборде. В Олимпийскую программу по сноубор- • Why do you think Mike Robertson sounded irritated answering the reporters’ question
ду входят десять видов соревнований: сноуборд-хафпайп, about losing the gold?
параллельный гигантский слалом, сноуборд-кросс, сноуборд-
слоупстайл и параллельный слалом. По всем видам соревно- • Who was Robertson beaten by on the final stretch of the course?
вания проводятся среди мужчин и женщин
• What made it possible for Wescott to defeat Robertson?
Rock climbing Скалолазание/альпинизм
• How did Robertson’s parents react to his second place?
Mountain biking Гонки на горном велосипеде
• Why wasn’t Robertson getting as much media attention as he deserved before the Olympics?

• What are Mike Robertson’s hobbies?

Word combinations and phrases • Were people’s expectations for his winning very high?

At the end of the day Essentially/generally speaking


• Why did these expectations suit him just fine?

Olympics shine a massive spotlight General attention is attracted to the athletes


on athletes participating in the Olympic Games

Compete and train… in relative Do training and competitions practically unnoticed


obscurity by anyone

Performed beyond expectations Surpassed all expectations

Was beaten Was defeated

Shot out of the start gate so quickly Literally flew out of the start

Soaring over a jump Gliding in the air over a jumping hill without
losing altitude

He’s a workhorse He is a person doing most part of a job


Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

178 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Snowboarding 179

ARTICLE

JASEY-JAY ANDERSON

After Jasey-Jay Anderson won Olympic gold on Feb. 27 at Cypress Mountain, “You’re swimming all day and you can’t see anything, but you have to fight
his coach and former teammate, Mark Fawcett, said you couldn’t have scripted through”, he said.
a better story.
Wearing bib number 5, he struggled on the first of his qualification runs. “The
Here was an athlete who had been competing at an international level for almost third to last gate got me”, he said. “I didn’t expect a fallaway. A heelside fal-
15 years. As a racer in both snowboard cross and parallel giant Slalom, Anderson laway is my kryptonite”.
had won every major title multiple times over: four world championships, seven
world Cup overall titles, 59 podiums with 26 victories in 207 World Cup starts. But he knew what to look for on the second run. And the next, and the next. In
snowboard parallel giant slalom, the ultimate winner completes a total of 10
Everything, that is, except an Olympic medal. races down the course, advancing through two qualifying runs and three heats,
with two runs each, before reaching the finals.
When snowboard made its Olympic debut in 1998, Ross Rebagliati won gold,
although it might just as easily have been Anderson. Anderson, 22 at the time, In the finals, Anderson faced the formidable Benjamin Karl of Austria, ranked
was leading the pack after the first of two runs. And then everything fell apart. No. 1 in the world. In the first heat, the rookie Olympian beat Anderson by .76
The weather changed. Fog rolled in. There were delays. Anderson stepped into seconds, meaning Anderson would face that deficit going into the 10th and
the starter’s gate and was told to step out. He finished 16th. final race.

He didn’t fare any better four years later in Salt Lake City, Utah. He finished last He not only made up the time, but beat Karl by more than a third of a second.
in the parallel giant slalom. In Turin, he finished 20th in the parallel giant slalom
and fifth in snowboard cross. “I’m shocked”, was ail Anderson could say at the end. ”I had so much to make
up, and in these conditions it’s pretty much impossible”.
Vancouver 2010 was to be his fourth and final Olympics.
When he steps away from full-time competition, likely at the end of the 2010
At 34, Anderson had tired of being away from his wife Manon, and daughters Jora, World Cup season, Anderson won’t be leaving his sport completely. Throughout
4, and Jy, 3, and their rural home near Mt. Tremblant, Que., for weeks at a time. his career, he had struggled to find the proper equipment to allow him to race
at his best.
“With the kids and everything, and me being gone so much, she has her own
pace and it becomes her home. Through his own tinkering and support from Canadian team officials and Own
the Podium, those problems had been solved by the time Anderson sped down
And I’m basically a visitor when I’m home. And I just can’t wait to be a part of Cypress Mountain. Now he plans to forge a career designing alpine snowboard
that. To just be a part of home again”, he said at a World Cup stop in Stoneham, equipment that’s more accessible to the public, and other programs that could
Que., held weeks before the Games. spread the sport’s popularity. Coaching might be in the picture, too.
He just had one thing left to prove. But first, he plans to spend some quality time at home. Storybook ending? You bet.
Like in Nagano 12 years earlier, heavy fog blanketed the course at Cypress Moun-
tain. A downpour made the course slick, and soaked the hundreds of spectators
huddled in the bleachers, including Anderson’s wire, parents and two little girls.
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

180 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Snowboarding 181

GLOSSARY Was leading the pack Headed the group of athletes

Coach Тренер Downpour made the course slick Heavy rain made the snowboard track slippery

Teammate Товарищ по команде Soaked the hundreds of spectators Crowd of spectators nestled closely together, all
huddled in the bleachers of them wet in the open stands
Racer Сноубордист
Hillside fallaway is my kryptonite Too easy a slope took away my forces (Krypton-
Snowboard-cross Сноуборд-кросс (см. статью «Mike Robertson»)
ite is a fictitious material from Superman comics.
Parallel giant slalom Параллельный гигантский слалом/слалом-гигант — вид It is famous for being the ultimate natural weak-
соревнований в сноуборде. В соревнованиях по параллель- ness of Superman)
ному гигантскому слалому двое спортсменов, стартующих
Rookie Olympian Athlete participating in the Olympic Games for
одновременно, проходят параллельные трассы, включающие
the first time
серию ворот. По итогам квалификационного раунда в финал
выходят 16 лучших спортсменов, которые затем соревнуются Through his own tinkering Through his own effort
на выбывание до тех пор, пока не определится победитель
Forge a career Make a career
World championships Чемпионат мира
Coaching might be in the picture There are some plans to take on a trainer’s job
World cup Кубок мира
Quality time Free time dedicated to one’s family or friends
Starter’s gate Стартовые ворота
Storybook ending? You bet. You think it’s the end of a story? Think again
World Cup stop Этап Кубка мира

Bleachers Места на открытой трибуне QUESTIONS


Bib Нагрудный номер спортсмена
• What did Jasey-Jay Anderson’s coach say about the athlete’s victory?
Run Заезд
• How many sport titles did Anderson conquer before winning an Olympic medal?
Heat Раунд соревнований
• When did snowboard make its Olympic debut?
Qualifying run Квалификационный заезд
• What is the story of Anderson’s failures at the previous Olympics?
Ranked No. 1 in the world Имеющий высший мировой рейтинг
• What did Anderson tell the reporters about his family life?
Make up Нагонять
• What was the weather like on February 27, 2010 at Cypress Mountain?
Own the Podium Канадская программа финансирования спорта и повышения
• How did the ultimate winner complete a total of 10 races in parallel giant slalom?
уровня спортсменов «Завладей пьедесталом», запущенная
в 2005 году, за пять лет до Игр в Ванкувере • Whom did Anderson face in the finals?

• How could Anderson beat Benjamin Karl of Austria?


Word combinations and phrases • What are Jasey-Jay’s plans for the future?

You couldn’t have scripted You couldn’t have made a better story
a better story
When snowboard made its Olympic When snowboard was included
debut in the Olympic program
Speed skating
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

184 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Speed skating 185

ARTICLE

JASEY-JAY ANDERSON

After finishing the men’s team pursuit Denny Morrison walked over to the area “We’ve been doing this for a long time, but we’ve always been hiding it. We’ve
where speed skaters conduct their post-race interviews at the Olympics, looked never done it in a World Cup, we’ve never done it in a world championship,
up at a sign that said “Gold”, and heaved a deep sigh of relief. we’ve always kept it for ourselves”.

“Finally”, said the speed skater from Fort St John, B.C. “It’s about time”. After the race, Makowsky described the strategy as a slight push coming out of
each corner, where the front skater tends to lose momentum due to air resist-
Morrison had been waiting the entire Olympics to stand in that spot, reserved ance. The skaters drafting behind him provide momentum with the third skater
for the gold medallists when they step off the ice and into the glare of the pushing the second, and the second pushing the first.
media spotlight.
“It was something that we worked on. It really helped us today, especially in
But two disappointing finishes in the 1,000-meter and 1,500-meter individual those last couple of laps when we were all getting tired”, Makowsky said. “It’s
races left him off podium, and searching for answers. definitely not something you can pick up overnight that’s why we’ve been prac-
ticing it”.
He was a favorite to place in the top three in both, but instead came into the
team pursuit looking for redemption in the form of his first medal. In fact, the Canada won with a time of 3 minutes 41.37 seconds, while the United States
entire men’s team pursuit squad  — which also included Regina’s Lucas Ma- finished in 3:41.58, in the gold-medal showdown. After the race, U.S. skater
kowsky and Montreal’s Mathieu Giroux was looking for something similar; the Chad Hedrick said the margin for victory was slim, and possibly The Push made
men’s long-track team had underperformed at the Games, and this was their a difference.
last chance to make it right Skating against the United States in the gold-medal
race, the Canadian team brought out their secret weapon — a speed skating “We lost by 0.2 seconds. ... We lost by a minimal amount”, Hedrick said. “The Ca-
tactic called The Push, which was kept under wraps for three years in prepara- nadians must have had a better plan than us and skated just a little bit faster”.
tion for Vancouver.
With the win, the men’s side of the Canadian long-track team had their first
The Push, in which each skater gently nudges the teammate in front of him at medal of the Games, and Morrison had the gold he came to Vancouver to get.
key times to keep the group from losing momentum, helped down the United Afterward, he said the victory was sweeter since it came as a team. “It’s cool to
States by a mere 0.21 seconds. be able to come together after a rough week — no medals for any of the men
on the team”, Morrison said. “And to come away with gold as a team, there’s
It was, as Canadian coach Marcel Lacroix would later describe the difference no better way for us to finish off the Olympics”.
maker.
It was also a significant victory for Giroux, who is from Montreal and grew up as
“It’s very subtle, you don’t really see it, but it was so effective today it was a short-track skater. After injuries in short track, he switched to long track only
stupid”, the coach said after the race. a year-and-a-half ago, to pursue his dream of making the Olympics.
Canada first unveiled the tactic a day earlier in the semi-finals of the team pur- “I came from really, really far, I guess. But the team pursuit was my best chance
suit, where three skaters make their way around the ice in a tight group. Lacroix of a medal, I knew it from the beginning”, Giroux said, adding that his back-
said none of the other counties caught on, but he figures all will adopt it for ground helped the team strategy. “With my old background, I know how to
future Olympics after reviewing video of the races. skate in packs”.
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

186 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Speed skating 187

GLOSSARY Word combinations and phrases


Oval/Olympic Oval Крытый конькобежный центр — овальный стадион с двумя
Redeem a team Make amends for past failure as a team
соревновательными и одной тренировочной дорожкой

Unveil a secret weapon Uncover a hidden tactics


Men’s long-track team Мужская команда конькобежцев на длинные дистанции

Post-race interview Interview immediately after competition


Men’s team pursuit Командная гонка преследования/парсьют (мужчины)

Media spotlight Focus of reporters’ attention


Speed skater Конькобежец

The Push Speed skating tactics in which each skater


1,000-meter and Индивидуальный забег на 1 000 и 1 500 м
gently pushes forward the teammate in front
1,500-meter
to prevent him from losing speed
individual races
Kept under wraps Kept secret
Team pursuit squad Команда парсьюта

Pick-up overnight Master in a couple of days


Underperform Неудачно выступить

I know how to skate in packs I am used to team skating


Gold-medal race Гонка за золотую медаль

Lose momentum
QUESTIONS
Терять скорость

Semi-finals Полуфинальные забеги


• What were two disappointing finishes that left Denny Morrison off the podium?

Come out of a corner Выходить из поворота


• Who made up the Canadian team pursuit squad?

Last couple of laps Два последних круга


• Describe the secret weapon of the Canadian team?

Showdown Решающий поединок


• How did the team coach Marcel Lacroix comment on their new tactics?

Short-track skater Шорт-трекер — спортсмен, участвующий


• What was US skater Chad Hedrick’s opinion of the race?
в соревнованиях по шорт-треку

• What time difference gave the advantage to the Canadian team?

• Why did Morrison call the first week of the Olympics ‘rough’?

• Why was this victory so important for Mathieu Giroux?


Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

188 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Speed skating 189

ARTICLE

WOMEN’S LONG TRACK SPEED SKATING.


CHRISTINE NESBITT

In Vancouver, she was expected to walk away with a gold medal. It was a sign It was not supposed to happen that way, since all week Nesbitt had been prac-
of how fast she had progressed on the Canadian team, and how big the de- tising a kick at the end, where skaters thrust out their front leg to gain precious
mands on Nesbitt had become. hundredths of a second on their time. But her stride at the finish made it impos-
sible to kick, so she decided on the lunge.
When she strapped on her skates for the women’s 1,000 meters in Vancouver,
the pressure on her to perform was as high as for anyone on the Canadian It might not have been pretty, but it was enough to beat Annette Gerritsen of
team. Only a day earlier, Canada had seemingly blown its first real chance at a the Netherlands by 0.02 seconds. Nesbitt won the gold medal and kept alive
gold medal in speed skating when Denny Morrison struggled in the men’s 1,000 her streak in the 1,060 meters, which she had not lost all season in four World
meters. Cup races.

So all eyes turned to the 24-year-old from London, Ont., and she needed to It also finally introduced Nesbitt to the nation. On a team that includes multiple
perform. But it almost didn’t happen. medal-winners such as Cindy Klassen, Clara Hughes and Kristina Groves; Nes-
bitt has always been the slightly shy skater in the background.
Nesbitt stumbled on her first few strides, which played havoc with the cadence
of her first lap. Once she settled in, she found herself behind the gold-medal “My sport is so full of Cindy, Clara and Kristina that I’ve never been the centre of
pace, and the podium out of reach. attention and I’ve been okay with that”, Nesbitt said jokingly a few days after
the race, commenting on her new-found fame.
“Instead of skating, I just kind of panicked”, Nesbitt said. “I had a slip after two
or three steps, it wasn’t quite right I was really nervous”. Her anonymity was over, it seemed Walking around Vancouver, people began to
recognize her and ask for photos with the newest Canadian gold medal winner.
The panic was understandable, since the noise was deafening inside the Rich-
mond Olympic Oval Nesbitt said later that the main benefit of skating at home Such is the genesis of Christine Nesbitt. In Turin she might have been the wall-
was the crowd enthusiasm, but the risk was that it makes skaters jumpy. flower, but in Vancouver she was the centre of attention. She later said she had
nightmares about not winning in Vancouver.
“Pressure either breaks people or makes people stronger”, she said. Indeed,
Nesbitt only got stronger as her race progressed. She was 15th after the first “But I also had dreams about standing on top of the podium”.
200 meters and ninth after 600 meters. Then there; was an ominous sign: She
heard the crowd fall silent halfway through the race. Sensing the raucous Cana-
dian crowd was holding its breath, Nesbit knew she was still behind. GLOSSARY
Entering the last lap, Nesbitt turned in a final 400 meters that she described as Finish up on the inside Прийти к финишу по внутренней дорожке

an ugly finish but a flight to the end. “It wasn’t pretty”, she said later, arguing
that she wasn’t happy with the race. Contend Состязаться

At the last second, Nesbitt made an uncharacteristic lunge across the finish line, Stride/stroke Скользящий/маховый шаг
bending forward like a track sprinter might.
Pace Темп бега
Библиотека «Сочи 2014»

190 Пособие для подготовки переводчиков Speed skating 191

First/last lap Первый/последний круг QUESTIONS


Lunge Выпад/рывок • What was Christine Nesbitt’s aim at the Olympics in Turin?

Kick Выбрасывание конька — вытягивание ноги вперед, чтобы • How did Christine start the race?
достичь финиша; считается нарушением правил, поскольку
может помешать другим спортсменам • What effect does the reaction of the crown make on skaters?

Track sprinter Спринтер/шорт-трекер • What was the reason for Christine’s panic on track?

Wallflower Аутсайдер • What were the tactics which brought her to victory?

• What was her time advantage over Annette Gerritsen?


Word combinations and phrases
• Why wasn’t Christine the centre of the attention before her victory?
Oval-shaped facility with two competition
Olympic Oval
tracks and one training track. Originally this
• What dreams was she repeatedly having before the Olympics?
name had the Olympic Oval in Calgary, Canada,
that was built for the 1988 Winter Olympics.

Strap on one’s skates Fasten the skates preparing to start the race

Stumbled on her first few strides Nearly fell making first long steps

Gold-medal pace Winning speed

Podium out of reach No chance to become a medallist

Raucous Canadian crowd Loud Canadian spectators

Turn in a final 400 meters Enter the last lap of the track

Bend forward Incline the body/bow

Gain precious hundredths of a Win a few hundredths of a second on which


second on their time their resulting time may depend

Kept alive her streak Preserved her good luck


Библиотека «Сочи 2014» форзац
Пособие для подготовки переводчиков

Библиотека Оргкомитета «Сочи 2014»

Официальное пособие
для подготовки переводчиков

Редакторы-составители
А.В. Моисеев,
П.Г. Караханов,
И.М. Заславская,
Е.А. Сгибнева

Редактор-корректор
И.Б. Петрунь

Дизайн-макет
И.C. Сиденко

© Оргкомитет «Сочи 2014», 2012


Россия, 119017, Москва
Ул. Большая Ордынка, дом 40, стр.3
Тел.: +7 495 984 2014
www.sochi2014.com
THE ORGANIZING COMMITTEE FOR THE XXII OLYMPIC WINTER GAMES
AND XI PARALYMPIC WINTER GAMES OF 2014 IN SOCHI

40/3 Bolshaya Ordynka st. 119017, Moscow, Russia. TEL.: +7 495 984 2014

Вам также может понравиться